------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE Article In Bend 'Bulletin' (Central Oregon Newspaper Says DARE Dropped From Deschutes County's Budget - Even Sheriff Greg Brown Says Program Is Not Successful Enough To Justify Cost) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 22:38:13 -0800 From: sburbank (email@example.com) Subject: DARE aritcle in Bend Bulletin 2/10/98 Another DARE program on the way out? Let's hope so. Sandee *** The Bend Bulletin pages 1 and 2 1526 NW Hill St., Bend, Oregon 97701 Ph# 541-383-0362, Fax# 541-385-5802, E-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Feb 10th 1998 Central Oregon police are united in the effort to keep kids away from drugs. But Drug Abuse Resistance Education hasn't drawn the same unqualified support. DARE programs are going strong in Bend and Redmond, which each devote one officer to teaching the drug education classes. But the curriculum was a casualty of Deschutes County's budget this year. Sheriff Greg Brown says the program is not successful enough to justify its cost. "I can't justify a full-time deputy teaching DARE when people are waiting for a deputy to come to their home," Brown said. "It comes back to priorities." This is the first year the county has not had the program since it began in the 1980's. Brown said there were no plans to bring it back for next year. Prineville police also cut the program this year but hope to bring it back next school year. Capt. Tim Pinkston said man power and a budget crunch made it impossible this year. Next year, the city hopes to use federal grant money to pay for a community police officer who will work with the schools and teach the program. DARE has received mixed reviews around the country. Some studies show no difference in drug use rates between students who have and have not gone through the program. Others, including a Marion County study, say students who miss the program are more likely to use drugs and alcohol. Local proponents of the program say it's benefits extend beyond drug and alcohol education. Jim Walsh, DARE officer with the Bend police, said making kids more comfortable around police has wide-ranging effects. Kids get to know police as human beings, he said. "The kids get to know that police aren't just driving around giving tickets" said Craig Unger, Redmond's community relations officer and DARE instructor. DARE involves a 17 week curriculum for all fifth-graders plus visits to other grade levels. The classes teach about the physical and psychological effects of drugs and alcohol. Through role playing and discussion, they also teach more general skills, such as self-confidence, assertiveness and standing up to peer pressure. "The idea is to approach them first, educate them," Walsh said. "Hopefully they'll be able to make the right choices when they are approached." Buckingham Elementary, one of the Bend-La Pine schools that lost DARE this year, has felt the absence of the program. "I think it's a lost opportunity for a lot of students," said guidance counselor Tom Troxell. "I'm sad to see it leave." He said students benefit from seeing police in a natural situation, rather than on a home visit or other crisis situation. As a counselor at Cascade Middle School, Troxell said he asked visiting police officers to spend some time with a group of kids in the lunch room. When the police caught those kids running around at 1 o'clock (am), they had a bond with them. It made things a lot easier," Troxell said. The Culver and Jefferson County Schools have kept their DARE programs, and the Madras Police Department has an officer who works extensively with the high school and middle school. Although the Deschutes County Sheriff's Department no longer teaches DARE, a patrol deputy is stationed in La Pine schools, and other programs aimed at youth include Juvenile Empowerment Teams in Sisters and La Pine. "DARE was good at the time, but I think it's time to move on," Brown said. "Officers are still making contact with the kids." More than 750 fifth-graders at six Bend-La Pine elementary schools get DARE instruction. Walsh also teaches DARE at Trinity Lutheran and St. Francis of Assisi schools. The Bend Police Department funds supplies for all the districts schools as well as Walsh's salary. DARE is taught in four Redmond elementary schools. Unger estimates 60 to 70 percent of the kids who go through the Redmond program stay away from drugs and alcohol when they get to high school. He also touts DARE as being a cost effective way to reach fifth-graders. "A lot of people say DARE isn't working," Unger said." Well, if it doesn't work, let's find something else. But let's not flush it down the toilet. Anything is better than nothing."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Charges Possible In Death Of Auburn Teen ('Seattle Times' Says Autopsy Results Pending, But Friends Think 17-Year-Old Girl In Auburn, Washington, Drank Herself To Death) From: "W.H.E.N."
To: "Hemp Talk" Subject: HT: ART: Auburn teen dies of alcohol OD, cops concerned w/ mj use Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 18:58:42 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Posted at 02:20 a.m. PST Tuesday, February 10, 1998 Charges possible in death of Auburn teen by Dionne Searcey Seattle Times South bureau AUBURN - Police say someone could face criminal charges in the weekend death of an Auburn girl, if an adult purchased the alcohol that may have killed her. Although autopsy results are pending, police who have interviewed friends of Aja S. Karimi think the 17-year-old girl drank herself to death, said Cheryl Price, spokeswoman for the Auburn Police Department. Police were investigating reports that the girl also may have smoked marijuana. Karimi's mother found her daughter dead in bed Saturday morning in their home on Auburn Way South. Results of a toxicology test won't be complete for six to eight weeks, according to the King County Medical Examiner's Office. Investigators said there were no signs of foul play. Karimi, a senior at Auburn Senior High School, apparently drank alcohol with high-school friends at a party in a Pacific park Friday evening, returned to her Auburn home early Saturday, and died in her bed, according to police and school reports. Police were interviewing Karimi's friends to find out who may have purchased the alcohol for the party. "Teenage drinking is a problem that's been dealt with for ages," according to a close family friend who said the girl's family was grief-stricken. "Obviously, somebody supplied the alcohol. We want to know who did it." Karimi was described as a well-liked student and "all-around kid" at the high school, which she had attended since last fall, after transferring from Auburn Riverside High School, said Principal George Ilgenfritz. She played co-ed volleyball and was enrolled in a wide range of classes including marine biology, he said. "She was the kind of young lady who was very well-liked by all kids," he said. "She had a real diverse group of friends." Ilgenfritz said counselors would be on hand again today for students at the school and at Auburn Riverside. Several grieving students at both schools stayed home yesterday. "Kids see themselves as immune to anything like this happening," he said. "It's a tough lesson in life." Dionne Searcey's phone message number is 253-946-3977. Her e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Liquor Agent Arrested On Drunken Driving Charges ('Associated Press' Says Washington State Liquor Control Agent Arrested Twice, Jailed Once) From: "W.H.E.N."
To: "Hemp Talk" Subject: HT: WA liquor agent has drinking problems Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 18:49:58 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Liquor agent arrested on drunken driving charges The Associated Press 2/10/98 3:18 PM Eastern FEDERAL WAY, Wash. (AP) -- A state liquor control agent was arrested twice and jailed on drunken driving charges by officers from the police department here. The added twist: The agent is already suing officers from the department over an earlier incident involving alcohol. James McDonald, 40, arrested twice within a four-hour period Sunday, is on desk duty pending a review of police reports and further investigation, Liquor Control Board spokeswoman Gigi Zenk said. McDonald told police he had only one drink and that was at a restaurant owned by his girlfriend's family. His lawyer, Richard Wooster, said the arrests raised suspicion, "given the agency that's involved." Susan Sampson, a lawyer for officers being sued by McDonald, said the arrests bolstered police claims that McDonald was drunk when he was detained by two undercover detectives, one wearing a balaclava-style mask, outside a nightclub in December 1996. McDonald sued the municipality, saying he was on duty at the time and thought the officers were robbers. Two officers filed a countersuit accusing McDonald of malicious prosecution and intentional defamation. A federal judge dismissed most of McDonald's charges against the city in November. The issue of whether it was reasonable for one officer to wear a ski mask is scheduled for a jury trial March 16, and the countersuit will be heard at the same time, Sampson said. Police gave the following account of the two arrests Sunday: An officer noticed a red Porsche "sliding out of control" as it pulled out of a driveway about 1:30 a.m. McDonald flunked most of a series of sobriety tests, including a recitation of the alphabet, and was arrested. At the police station, he registered .156 and .144 percent blood alcohol on two breath tests, well over the legal threshhold of .10 for driving under the influence. McDonald was cited and released just before 3 a.m. About 4:30 a.m., someone called emergency dispatchers from his house and said, "Oh my God, Jim McDonald, he..." before hanging up. Officers arrived in time to see McDonald drive up and took him to the station again, where his breath tests registered .117 and .108. He was then booked into the Regional Justice Center in Kent for investigation of DUI.
------------------------------------------------------------------- School District Takes Tough Stance On Drugs ('Seattle Times' Says Zero Tolerance Policy At Junior High School In Federal Way, Washington, Led To Suspension Of Two Teenagers Who Distributed And Used - Advil, For Menstrual Cramps) From: "W.H.E.N."
To: "Hemp Talk" Subject: HT: ART: Fed Way school tuff on drugs Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 18:55:44 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org How can we expect the kids to respect adults when they have examples like this? Bob_O *** School district takes tough stance on drugs The Seattle Times Tuesday, February 10, 1998 by Tamra Fitzpatrick Seattle Times staff reporter Patty Noble says her 14-year-old daughter thought she was just being a good friend when she gave another student an Advil to help with menstrual cramps during lunchtime one day last month. A few hours later, both teens were expelled from Sacajawea Junior High in the Federal Way School District. It was the same punishment they would have received from the school if the girl had given her friend a hit of cocaine instead of an over-the-counter pain pill. Under the district's "zero-tolerance" policy, any student who possesses, sells, distributes or is under the influence of drugs, legal or not, without office supervision and a note from a parent and physician, will be expelled. That's a tougher stance than most local districts take - although the policy does have foundation in state law. Under the law, students who take medication at school must do so in the school office. The student also must have a signed note from a parent and a physician authorizing it. But if students do not abide by the law in a case involving legal medication, most schools in the area give a warning to the student or at most, call their parents. The Seattle School District, for example, does not allow students to carry over-the-counter drugs at school, but students caught with such drugs would not necessarily be expelled or suspended. "It's dealt with on a case-by-case basis," said Ruth McFadden, supervisor of the hearings office for Seattle schools. "We would investigate what they took and make sure their parents know about it. But it's not common to expel them." Federal Way officials say their rules are strict because of concerns that students can have allergic reactions to various medications, sometimes life-threatening. "It may be an inconvenience, but it's for the safety of the students," said Tom Murphy, assistant superintendent for Federal Way. The district does not intend to change its policy. "We have a job to keep kids safe," said Sherwin Ferguson, coordinator of health services for Federal Way. "Parents are entitled to know what medications their kids are taking." In the case of the two teens at Sacajawea Junior High, the school eventually dropped the charges, saying the policy wasn't clear to parents. But Patty Noble says it was too late. The rumors already were flying at the school, she said, with other students saying the teens were getting high in the bathroom and some saying they were dealing crack. "This has affected her self-esteem and her reputation," Noble said of her daughter. "And all because she had Advil. I want to know how the school plans to make this up to her?" Schools throughout the nation have been tightening their drug policies. A 9-year-old boy in Virginia was suspended for a day last year for giving Certs Concentrated Mints to his classmates because the mints looked like "illicit pills," and therefore violated a policy on "look-alike drugs." In Rhode Island, a 10-year-old was suspended for bringing epilepsy medicine to school, and in Pennsylvania, an eighth-grader was suspended for having Alka-Seltzer on school grounds. But Noble thinks it's possible to take things too far, and calls the Federal Way policy "ludicrous." "Everyone knows that drugs are bad, but there has to be a line drawn somewhere," she said. "I'm going to do everything I can to change this (policy)." Tamra Fitzpatrick's phone message number is 206-464-8981. Her e-mail address is: email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Patient Todd McCormick Asks Federal Judge To Allow Pot Use While On Bail (Press Release From NORML Notes Federal Government Is Preventing Cancer Patient Busted In Bel Air, California, From Invoking State Law Passed By Voters) From: NORMLFNDTN@aol.com Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:30:03 EST Subject: Medical marijuana advocate/patient Todd McCormick FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 2-10-98 Medical Marijuana Patient Todd McCormick Asks Federal Judge to Allow Pot Use while on Bail Todd McCormick, who had cancer nine times before he was ten, will ask a federal judge on Wednesday if he can use his medical marijuana while on bail. "It's been terrible these past six months without my medication," said McCormick. "I've been in constant pain. I can't sleep for more than an hour at a time. Every time I turn, the pain wakes me up." As a result of cancer treatment, McCormick's top five vertebra were fused when he was three and one hip stopped growing when he was eight. "This is an unprecedented move," said McCormick's attorney David Michael, "We are asking a federal District Court Judge George King to allow someone to take a medicine, prescribed by his doctor. Normally, this is not a problem. Defendants out on bail are allowed to take morphine, cocaine, or any other prescription medication. In this case, however, we're asking the court to permit the use of a Schedule I substance, where there exists no scientific reason why it should be so classified. It will take a great deal of courage and a great deal of compassion for the judge to rule in our favor, but what else can we do but ask? My client is suffering unnecessarily." On Wednesday, February 11, 1998, McCormick and Michael will file the motion at the Roybal federal courthouse in downtown Los Angeles and meet immediately after with the press at 1:30 p.m. on the courthouse steps. (Look for McCormick supporters with signs such as, "Let McCormick use his medicine" and "The people of California have spoken. Federal government, please listen.") The motion is online at www.marijuanamagazine.com. The motion also asks for a reduction of the $500,000 bail, put up by actor Woody Harrelson. McCormick's Bel Air address caused national headlines and punch lines when he was arrested on July 29, 1997. The Medical Marijuana Mansion, the press dubbed it. Jay Leno said if it were a movie, it should be called "Fresh Pot of Bel Air." Although McCormick was accused by the DEA of buying and selling marijuana, the federal grand jury found evidence of cultivation only. Cultivation is specifically permitted to medical marijuana patients under California law. McCormick leased the house from an advance he received to write a book about marijuana cultivation, on which McCormick is considered an expert. DEA agents destroyed McCormick's research material--including a marijuana plant that had been alive since 1976. "I lost my work," said McCormick. "I lost my home. I'm living at a friend's house now. I haven't been able to work. When I can think about something other then the pain, I think about the ten-year mandatory minimum sentence I'm facing. I can't tell you how this has destroyed my life." In 1995, McCormick opened the first compassion club in California, located in San Diego. There, he gave away marijuana to people in medical need. En route to opening a compassion club in his native Rhode Island, McCormick was arrested in Ohio. While in an Ohio jail, the DEA closed his San Diego club. When the Ohio charges were dropped, McCormick went to Amsterdam, where he deepened his knowledge of marijuana botany. He returned to California in 1996 after the passage of Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Act of 1996. "With the passage of Proposition 215, I thought I could share what I knew about growing medical marijuana with other patients in California," said McCormick. "I thought the people of California had voted to let sick people have their medicine, and I thought the government would listen to the people and go chase murderers instead of medical marijuana users. I guess I thought wrong." "Mr. McCormick's case is an unusual one, legally," said David Michael of the San Francisco law firm of Serra, Lichter, Daar, Bustamante, Michael, and Wilson. "Normally, in a battle between state and federal authority, the federal government represents the Constitution, so it usually defends an individual's life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Think of forced federal segregation in an Alabama school when the governor himself, George Wallace, had to yield to federal authority. In this case, however, the people of the State of California have taken the respected, honored, and valued position - which is that when people are sick, they should get the medicine they need - while the federal government has taken an inhumane stand against medical marijuana and the relief of human suffering that is, to quote the DEA's own Administrative Law Judge, Francis L. Young, unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious." (Judge Young's 1988 ruling after almost two years of hearings included "The evidence in this record clearly shows that marijuana has been accepted as capable of relieving the distress of great numbers of very ill people, and doing so with safety under medical supervision. It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence in this record." DEA Administrators Bonner, in 1992, and Constantine, in 1996, chose to ignore the judges ruling and keep the drug as Schedule I.) "Mr. McCormick represents the will of the people of California in fighting the staggering might of the federal government," said Michael. Is there any hope? "The DEA has, for the first time, passed the question of marijuanais medical scheduling to the Department of Health and Human Services," explained Michael. "Perhaps weire seeing some return to reason in our national drug policy regarding medical marijuana. The federal government is being cruel in its current treatment of Mr. McCormick. Canit they just leave this young man alone to take his medicine in peace, and canit those who want to jail him thank God they donit have a condition that requires constant medication?" "It would be nice to have my life back," said McCormick. CONTACT: Todd McCormick and David Michael, 213-650-2818. TO ARRANGE FOR AN INTERVIEW WITH McCORMICK or MICHAEL: Contact Ed Hashia at 213-650-9571x125.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Patient Todd McCormick Asks Federal Judge To Allow Pot Use While On Bail (Press Release By Charles P. Conrad On Wednesday Court Hearing) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 19:23:59 EST Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Charles P. Conrad"
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: McCormick Motion and Press Conference FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 2-10-98 Medical Marijuana Patient Todd McCormick Asks Federal Judge to Allow Pot Use while on Bail Todd McCormick, who had cancer nine times before he was ten, will ask a federal judge on Wednesday if he can use his medical marijuana while on bail. "It's been terrible these past six months without my medication" said McCormick. "I've been in constant pain. I can't sleep for more than an hour at a time. Every time I turn, the pain wakes me up." As a result of cancer treatment, McCormick's top five vertebra were fused when he was 31/2 and stopped growing when he was eight. "This is an unprecedented move," said McCormick's attorney. "We are asking Federal District Court Judge George King to allow someone to take a medicine prescribed by his doctor. Normally this is not a problem. Defendants out on bail are allowed to take morphine, cocaine, or any other prescription medication. In this case, however, we're asking the court to permit the use of a Schedule I substance, where there exists no scientific reason why it should be so classified. It will take a great deal of courage and a great deal of compassion for the judge to rule in our favor, what else can we do but ask? My client is suffering unnecessarily. On Wednesday, February 11, 1998, McCormick and Michael will file the motion at the Roybal Federal Courthouse in downtown Los Angeles and meet immediately after with the press at 1:30 p.m on the courthouse steps. (Look for McCormick supporters with signs such as, "Let McCormick use his medicine" and "The people of California have spoken. Federal government, please listen") The motion is online at www.marijuanamagazine.com The motion also asks for a reduction of the $500,000 bail put up by actor Woody Harelson. McCormick's Bel Air address caused national headlines and punch lines when he was arrested on July 29, 1997. The Medical Marijuana Mansion, the press dubbed it. Jay Leno said if it were a movie, it should be called "Fresh Pot of Bel Air," Although McCormick was accused by the DEA of buying and selling marijuana, the federal grand jury found evidence of cultivation only. Cultivation is specifically permitted to medical marijuana patients under California law. McCormick leased the house from an advance he received to write a book about marijuana cultivation -- McCormick is considered an expert. DEA agents destroyed McCormick's research material--including a marijuana plant that had been alive since 1976. "I lost my work," said McCormick,, "I lost my home. I'm living at a friend's house now. I haven't been able to work. When I can think about something other than the pain, I think about the ten-year mandatory minimum sentence I'm facing -- I can't tell you how this has destroyed my life." In 1995 McCormick opened the first California compassion club in San Diego. There he gave away marijuana to people in medical need. En route to opening a Compassion Club in his native Rhode Island, McCormick was arrested in Ohio. While in an Ohio jail, the DEA closed his San Diego club. When the Ohio charges were dropped, McCormick went to Amsterdam where he deepened his knowledge of marijuana botany. He returned to California in 1996 after the passage of Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Act of 1996. "With the passage of Proposition 215, 1 thought I could share what I knew about growing medical marijuana with other patients in California," said McCormick. "I thought the people of California had voted to let sick people have their medicine and I thought the government would listen to the people and go chase murderers instead of medical marijuana users. I guess I thought wrong." "Mr. McCormick's case is an unusual one, legally," said David Michael of the San Francisco law firm of Serra, Lichter, Daar, Bustamante Michael, and Wilson. "Normally, in a battle between state and federal authority, the federal government represents the Constitution, so it usually defends an individual's life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness. Think of forced segregation in an Alabama school where the governor himself, George Wallace, had to yield to federal authority. In this case, however, the people of the State of California have taken the respected, honored, and valued position -- which is sick people should get the medicine they need -- while the federal government has taken an inhumane stand against medical marijuana and the relief of human suffering that is, to quote the DEA's own Administrative Law Judge Francis L. Young, 'unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious'." (Judge Young's 1988 ruling after almost two years of hearings included, "The evidence in this record clearly shows that marijuana has been accepted as capable of relieving the distress of great numbers of very ill people, and doing so with safety under medical supervision. It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence in this record." DEA Administrators Bonner, in 1992, and Constantine, in 1996, chose to ignore the judge's ruling and keep the drug as Schedule I.) "Mr. McCormick represents the will of the people of California in fighting the staggering might of the federal government," said Michael. Is there any hope? "The DEA has, for the first time, passed the question of marijuana's Medical scheduling to the Department of Health and Human Services," explained Michael. "Perhaps we're seeing some return to reason in our national drug policy regarding medical marijuana. The federal government is being cruel in its current treatment of Mr. McCormick. Can't they just leave this young man alone to take his medicine in peace, and can't those who want to jail him thank God they don't have a condition that requires constant medication?" "It would be nice to have my life back," said McCormick, CONTACT: Todd McCormick and David Michael, 213-650-2818. TO ARRANGE FOR AN INTERVIEW WITH McCORMICK or MICHAEL, Contact Ed Hashia at 213-650-9571 x125 Charles P. Conrad (818) 985-3259 mailto:email@example.com mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.freecannabis.org http://www.hempmuseum.org/ http://www.druglibrary.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Court Returns Pot Club Trial To Oakland ('Associated Press' Notes California's First District Court Of Appeal Says Judges Have No Authority To Block Forum-Shopping Prosecutors, Re-Transferring Trial Of Dennis Peron Of San Francisco Cannabis Buyers' Club From San Francisco County Back To Alameda County, Where Attorney General Lungren First Obtained Indictment Back In August 1996) Date: Wed, 11 Feb 1998 22:44:58 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US CA: Wire: Court Returns Pot Club Trial To Oakland Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Tuesday, February 10, 1998 COURT RETURNS POT CLUB TRIAL TO OAKLAND SAN FRANCISCO -- The criminal trial of the state's most prominent medical marijuana advocate on drug sales charges is heading from San Francisco, where his marijuana club operates, back to Oakland, where Attorney General Dan Lungren got him indicted. The state's 1st District Court of Appeal, in a ruling made public Tuesday, overturned an Alameda County judge's decision to transfer the trial to San Francisco. Dennis Peron, founder of the organization now called the Cannabis Cultivators Club, criticized the ruling but said he would accept it and push for an early trial. ``I really believe we're going to win no matter where we are,'' said Peron, who is also running against Lungren in the Republican primary for governor in June. Lungren spokesman Matt Ross said the case should be tried in Alameda County because the indictment was issued there and included crimes that occurred there. He declined comment when asked why Lungren did not want the case tried in San Francisco, where the club was raided and some of the alleged crimes also took place. The club, which described itself as a provider of medical marijuana to AIDS and cancer patients and other seriously ill people, was allowed to operate for years by San Francisco officers but was raided in August 1996 by Lungren's agents. They said they seized more than 40 pounds of marijuana and saw marijuana being sold without any demonstration of a buyer's medical needs. Peron, author of the November 1996 medical marijuana initiative, Proposition 215, and five others at the club were later indicted on charges of transporting and selling marijuana, possessing it for sale and contributing to the delinquency of a minor. Lungren has also sought a court order to shut down the club. The two sides have fought over whether the criminal case should be tried in San Francisco, where the marijuana club has strong public support, or in Alameda County, which is somewhat more conservative. Last October, Alameda County Superior Court Judge Dean Beaupre ordered a transfer to San Francisco. He found relatively little connection between the charges and Alameda County, and said there had been ``an appearance of improper forum-shopping'' by Lungren. But the appeals court, in a 3-0 ruling, said judges have no authority to transfer a case for those reasons. If a case is charged in a county where at least some of the alleged crimes occurred, it must be tried in that county unless it is unlikely that an impartial jury can be found there, said the opinion by Justice Robert Dossee. A judge ``has no inherent power to otherwise order removal of an action,'' he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Dealer In Vallejo Gets 110 To Life ('San Francisco Chronicle' Says 30-Year-Old Rap Producer Also Tried To Dynamite Police Evidence, But Defendant Sought New Trial Because Prosecutors Offered Plea Bargain To Girlfriend - Caught With Him In One Police Raid - That Allegedly Caused Her To Refuse To Testify For Defense) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 19:51:39 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Drug Dealer in Vallejo Gets 110 to Life Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Frank S. World"
Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Author: Charlie Goodyear, Chronicle Staff Writer DRUG DEALER IN VALLEJO GETS 110 TO LIFE A Vallejo drug dealer who allegedly tried to dynamite his way out of a three-strikes drug case was sentenced yesterday to 110 years to life in prison. Slumped in a chair next to his attorney, Kevin Lee Robinson closed his eyes as Solano County Superior Court Judge R. Michael Smith announced the prison term in a crowded Fairfield courtroom. Known as ``Big Kev,'' Robinson, 30, was a major Northern California narcotics supplier who also had a legitimate career as a rap producer. A jury convicted him in September of 10 weapons and drug charges stemming from two raids in 1995 and 1996 on several residences that Robinson owned in Vallejo. He is also accused of plotting two dynamite bombings that damaged the Vallejo courthouse and a Wells Fargo Bank branch in January 1997. Police believe that Robinson and five other men also were trying to destroy evidence in a police locker at a local library, where children discovered 30 sticks of dynamite in a backpack. Considerably thinner than the 300 pounds he weighed when arrested last year, Robinson said nothing during yesterday's brief hearing. His brother and other family members who attended the sentencing declined to speak with reporters. ``It's no big surprise,'' Robinson's attorney, Daniel J. Russo, said outside the courtroom, referring to three-strikes sentencing guidelines mandating 25-year-to- life sentences for a third or subsequent felony convictions. Solano County probation officials recommended that Robinson serve 61 years in prison. County prosecutors were seeking the maximum of 265 years. Smith's sentence came down in the middle, with several of Robinson's prison terms to be served concurrently rather than consecutively. ``We were asking for the maximum, but it is a fair and judicious judgment in the view of the people,'' Solano County Deputy District Attorney Don du Bain said. Before issuing the sentence, Smith denied a defense motion for a new trial. Russo had argued that prosecutors offered a plea bargain last year to Robinson's girlfriend -- caught with him in one of the police raids -- that allegedly caused her to refuse to testify for the defense in return for a lenient county jail sentence. ``I still believe that deal was done to keep her off the (witness) stand,'' Russo said. Robinson will remain at the Solano County Jail pending the outcome of the bombing and conspiracy charges filed against him. His case is scheduled to go to a preliminary hearing on March 20. His five alleged co-conspirators have already been indicted by a county grand jury. Trial dates will be set in April.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Prisoners Could Lose Privileges ('San Jose Mercury News' Says California Governor Pete Wilson Wants To Remove Law Books From Prison Libraries And 'Tighten Inmates' Appearance Standards' As Part Of His Renewed Call For The Legislature To Approve $1.4 Billion In Bonds To Help Finance Four New Prisons)Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 20:06:40 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Prisoners Could Lose Privileges Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 PRISONERS COULD LOSE PRIVILEGES Weights, law books may be on way out SACRAMENTO (AP) -- In a reversal of a trend dating to the 1960s, California prisons are moving to eliminate privileges such as access to weight-training equipment and to tighten inmates' appearance standards. Plans are also in the works to remove law books inmates use to challenge their confinement. ``We got into the position at one juncture of providing a rather comfortable lifestyle in prison,'' said Sean Walsh, Gov. Pete Wilson's spokesman. ``We should not allow prisoners to ride roughshod over the prisons.'' These moves come as officials issue warnings about crowding in California's 33 prisons, and as prisoners and their advocates say a tense atmosphere behind the walls is getting worse. The changes are attracting the approval of some legislators as Wilson renews his call for the Legislature to approve $1.4 billion in bonds to help finance four new prisons. Prisoners' rights advocates, inmates and relatives long have criticized the Department of Corrections for what they consider its punitive approach, but these latest changes are drawing criticism from within the system. ``We're going to drag them out of their cells and shave their heads?'' asked Don Novey, president of the California Correctional Peace Officers Association, the guards' union. ``The irony of it. You're massively overcrowded. You're understaffed. . . . It's stupid. But it resonates with the public. We get this perception that we're tough with the pedophiles.'' Lawyers representing prisoners and other advocates are trying to block the moves, and Sen. John Vasconcellos, D-San Jose, plans to hold a hearing. Matthew Jay, 30, serving 15 years to life at Solano State Prison for second-degree murder, said lifting weights is one of the few pastimes that relieves frustration. Without such pastimes, tensions will rise, he said. But he's more worried about the potential loss of law books. ``If that access is taken away, we are no longer in a prison. We are in a war camp, like a prisoner of war,'' Jay said. ``When rights are violated, we're left with no alternative but to react. We want to prevent that.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Final Board Meeting Before Initiative 59 Hits The Streets Of DC (Media Alert From ACT UP! In Washington, DC, Announces Start Of Signature-Gathering Tomorrow For Medical Marijuana Measure - 17,000 Signatures Needed To Get On September 15, 1998 Ballot) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:48:42 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: VOTEYES57@aol.com To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Final Board meeting before 59 hits the streets of DC ACT UP Washington *Media Alert* contact Steve Michael at 202-547-9404 DC activists renew Rx Marijuana effort EFFORT TO PLACE ISSUE BEFORE DC VOTERS TO BEGIN AT DC GOVERNMENT BUILDING--441 4TH STREET NW, BOARD OF ELECTIONS HEARING AT 2:30PM WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11TH (BOARD WILL PRESENT INITIATIVE SPONSORS PETITION FORMS) We are asking supporters of medical marijuana in dc to attend the hearing...thanks Steve! SIGNATURE GATHERING TO COMMENCE AT 3:30 PM IN FRONT OF BUILDING AT 441 FOURTH STREET NW (February 10, 1998--Washington, D.C.) The AIDS advocacy group ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power) in Washington, DC, sponsors of the medical marijuana ballot Initiative 57, will begin gathering signatures for its successor, Initiative 59, at 2:30 tomorrow afternoon, February 11th. The AIDS activists narrowly missed the signature requirement for Initiative 57. The measure, written by local patients, public health experts, and attorneys with the National Capitol Area ACLU, provides legal protection for persons with serious illnesses like AIDS and cancer, if they use small amounts of marijuana to ease their suffering. Organizers will have to submit approximately 17,000 signatures of DC registered voters, 5% of the total number registered, in order to place Initiative 59 on the September 15, 1998 election ballot. Last month, the DC Board of Elections and Ethics ruled that on their first attempt, activists fell short by a minimum of 819 signatures. With a team of experienced, dedicated volunteers already mobilized, ACT UP's organizers are confident of success.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Secondhand Smoke Puts Children At Risk ('Reuters' Says New Research In 'Pediatrics' By US Government Researchers Found 40 Percent To 60 Percent Of Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Wheezing Among Exposed Kids Is Attributable To Tobacco Smoke - But Paradoxically, Exposed Children 'Were Not At Higher Risk' Of Upper Respiratory Infections, Pneumonia, Or Cough - White Children Exposed To Highest Levels Of Cigarette Smoke) Date: Fri, 13 Feb 1998 13:09:02 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US: Secondhand Smoke Puts Children At Risk Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Source: Reuters Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Reference: Pediatrics (1998;101:e8) Copyright: (c) 1998 Reuters Limited. SECONDHAND SMOKE PUTS CHILDREN AT RISK NEW YORK -- A new study presents additional evidence that young children who are exposed to cigarette smoke are likely to develop respiratory problems. In the Pediatrics electronic pages for February, US government researchers report that exposure to cigarette smoke, including maternal smoking during pregnancy, "...plays an important, independent role in the respiratory health of children under 2 years of age." Dr. Peter J. Gergen of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Rockville, Maryland, and colleagues reviewed data for 7,680 children, 2 months to 5 years old, whose parents were interviewed during a nationwide health study in 1988 to 1994. The children studied were considered a representative sample of the entire US population. The researchers found that approximately 38% of the children were exposed to cigarette smoke in their homes. Nearly 24% lived in homes where 1 to 19 cigarettes were smoked each day, and 14.5% lived in homes where a pack or more of cigarettes were smoked each day. In addition, 23.8% had been exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy. White children were exposed to the highest levels of cigarette smoke, while Mexican-American children were exposed to the lower levels. Black children were exposed to intermediate levels. Among children 2 months to 2 years old, those exposed to cigarette smoke were more likely to have asthma, chronic bronchitis, and a history of wheezing than unexposed children, the investigators report. In exposed children, "...40% to 60% of the cases of asthma, chronic bronchitis, and three or more episodes of wheezing were attributable to (environmental tobacco smoke) exposure." Among children 2 to 5 years old, those exposed to cigarette smoke had a higher prevalence of asthma only. Although asthma was more prevalent among children exposed to cigarette smoke, Gergen and colleagues found that it was no more severe, as judged by the frequency of medication use. In addition, exposed children were not at higher risk of upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, or cough. Even so, the researchers estimate that environmental exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with approximately "...13,400 to 16,200 excess cases of asthma among children 2 months through 5 years old.... These findings reinforce the need to reduce the exposure of young children."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Snowboard Winner Stripped Of Gold ('Associated Press' Breaks News About Canadian Olympic Gold Winner In Nagano, Japan, Being Denied Medal Due To Positive Test For Cannabis Metabolites) Date: Wed, 11 Feb 1998 01:29:33 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Dave Fratello <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Snowboard Winner Stripped of Gold ----- Forwarded Story ------- Headline: Snowboard Winner Stripped of Gold Date: Tue, Feb 10, 1998 By TED ANTHONY Associated Press Writer NAGANO, Japan (AP) -- The first Olympic gold medal in the youngest, hippest sport in the games -- snowboarding -- was stripped because of marijuana use. Ross Rebagliati, 26, of Canada tested positive for the drug after his winning run in the men's giant slalom Monday, the International Olympic Committee said. It was the first positive drug test reported at the Nagano Games, and officials said they could not recall another Olympic case involving marijuana. IOC director general Francois Carrard said Wednesday (Tuesday night EST) that Rebagliati had been asked to return his gold medal. The Canadian Olympic Association said it would appeal the case. The Canadian association's chief, Carol Anne Letheran, said Rebagliati told officials he had not used marijuana since April 1997, and that the positive test was due to the times "he spends around marijuana users." She called for a severe reprimand rather than suspension. Rebagliati, in a statement read at a news conference, said he had worked "for 11 years to be the best snowboarder in the world. ... I've worked too hard to let this slip through my fingers." Carrard said the first part of the two-part drug test found traces of metabolized marijuana in Rebagliati's urine. The second part of the test turned up more signs of marijuana use, 17.8 nanograms per milliliter, Carrard said. That meant Rebagliati, a British Columbian whose triumph was celebrated throughout Canada, was out in the narrowest of votes. "It is always sad to be facing such a situation," Carrard said. "It was not an easy decision to take." He refused to go into detail about the decision-making process, citing Canada's appeal. But he did say the IOC board vote was 3-2, with two members abstaining. The medical commission vote was 13-12 in favor of recommending action to the IOC governing body. The IOC also could have reprimanded Rebagliati but allowed him to keep his medal. "Opinions were quite split," Carrard said. "It was an unusually close decision." International ski federation rules allow 15 nanograms per milliliter; the IOC allows none. The fact that Rebagliati's levels tested above 15 "did have a certain influence on the debate," Carrard said. The Committee for the Arbitration of Sport will now review the case and must rule within 24 hours. It has overturned drug cases before. Carrard said he had no indication either that Rebagliati used the drug in Japan or that Japanese authorities were investigating. "There is no evidence at all that marijuana was consumed here," he said. Marijuana long has been on the IOC list of banned drugs, but Carrard said he had no memory of the drug ever appearing before at the Olympics. "There are no cases which are similar," Carrard said. It was not the first drug problem for Canada at the Olympics. Toronto sprinter Ben Johnson was stripped of his gold medal and world record in 1988 in Seoul for using the anabolic steroid stanozolol. Carrard said emphatically that the situations weren't similar. "Canada can say that there goes a gold medal, but you can't compare the two cases," Carrard said. Rebagliati, who dedicated his Olympic win to a friend who died in an avalanche, said at his post-victory news conference that he first realized his Generation-X sport had reached Olympic status when drug testers started to appear at meets. Other substances banned by the IOC include alcohol, caffeine, local anesthetics and performance-enhancing steroids. Though marijuana is not traditionally considered performance-enhancing, Carrard said he had been "told that in some situations, it could be." In another drug case, U.S. bobsledder Michael Dionne was removed from the Olympic team after his drug suspension was upheld, but he was urged to stay in Nagano because he was guilty only of "carelessness." Dionne said he took the banned stimulant ephedrine accidentally in cold medicine.
------------------------------------------------------------------- More College Students Just Say Yes To Marijuana ('Associated Press' Says Support For Marijuana Legalization Has Grown Among College Freshmen From Just 16.7 Percent In 1989 To 35.2 Percent In 1997, According To Study Done At UCLA For American Council On Education) Date: Wed, 11 Feb 1998 22:36:22 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: Wire: More college students 'just say yes' to marijuana Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Dave Fratello, Frank World, Kevin Zeese, and Marcus-Mermelstein Family Source: Associated Press Pubdate: 10 Feb 1998 Author: Paul Shepard, Associated Press MORE COLLEGE STUDENTS 'JUST SAY YES' TO MARIJUANA WASHINGTON (AP) - Much like their parents a generation ago, today's college students are just saying yes to marijuana and are increasingly supportive of its legalization. "It's out there, but it isn't a big deal. If you don't smoke, you just disregard it,'' said Amy Kim, a freshman at the University of Arizona. "I'm not surprised students think it should be legalized because it's the most accessible thing out there next to liquor.'' Craig Brooks, 18, a freshman at George Washington University in Washington said "Cigarettes are worse. We all know that.'' Fellow freshman Michelle Rubinstein piped up, "We just don't make an issue of it. Marijuana is accepted.'' The student comments underscore a growing trend among American youth. Call it a shift from reefer madness to reefer gladness, as use of marijuana rises along with support for its legalization, according to recent surveys of student attitudes. The affinity for marijuana flies in the face of growing conservatism in other areas, according to surveys that show today's college freshmen are more apt to favor restricting abortion rights and are less accepting of gay relationships than students in recent years. Support for marijuana legalization has grown among college freshmen from just 16.7 percent in 1989 to 35.2 percent in 1997, according to a study by the University of California, Los Angeles, for the Washington-based American Council on Education. Marijuana use among high school seniors also is rising. More than 50 percent of seniors say they have smoked it, compared to 33 percent who admitted to its use in 1992, according to Dr. Lloyd Johnston, author of an annual report on youth trends involving drugs for the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Reasons vary, according to experts. Some say the debate over medical marijuana and possible beneficial effects for some ill people have softened its image. "The perception of risks in smoking marijuana is eroding. They don't see it as dangerous,'' said Dr. Lloyd Johnston, program director at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research. Others point to the fact that many parents of today's crop of college age smokers are no strangers to marijuana use themselves during the pot-filled days of the 1960s and '70s. "More people are going by their own experiences,'' said Keith Stroup, founder and executive director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. "For a long time, the government put out these reefer madness reports, and they molded opinions. But now, when a third of the population have experience with marijuana, they don't believe the government.'' Steve Dnistrian, senior vice president of Partnership for a Drug-Free America, said he is disappointed by the survey results but not surprised. The 1980s saw new laws allowing the forfeiture of property seized during drug arrests and an expansion of drug testing for public and private work places in addition to first lady Nancy Reagan's "just say no'' to drugs campaign. But those days are little more than a hazy recollection for some. "We had the media focus. We had the government focus,'' Dnistrian said. "Kids were exposed to the message and decided it wasn't worth it to smoke. We burned out giving the message and the public burned out on hearing it.'' What's filled the vacuum since, Dnistrian said, is tacit approval of marijuana. "Musicians started singing its praises openly and then sitcoms treated smoking in a funny way,'' he said. "Then, marijuana leaves started showing up on hats and shirts. And when the media started up with stories about how the drug war was lost, our message was lost.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Truth-In-Sentencing Bill Advances ('Milwaukee Journal Sentinel' Notes Wisconsin Republicans, Democrats, Vie In Legislature For Bragging Rights To Who Eliminated Parole - No Mention Of Any Truth-In-Sentencing Measure That Would Tell Taxpayers How Many Marijuana Offenders They Are Convicting At What Cost) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 09:53:54 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US WI: Truth-In-Sentencing Bill Advances Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Author: Amy Rinard of the Journal Sentinel staff Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (414) 224-8280 Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ TRUTH-IN-SENTENCING BILL ADVANCES Senate to vote on its version amid continuing partisan wrangling MADISON -- Nearly one year after it was first proposed by the governor, a state Senate committee advanced a truth-in-sentencing bill Monday, but partisan wrangling over who will get credit for the popular measure threatened final approval. At issue in the potential gridlock over whether the Democrat- or Republican-sponsored version of the legislation eventually becomes law is who gets political bragging rights in an election year. The Senate is expected to vote Thursday on its version of the measure, but the Republican leader of the Assembly, where a similar bill was passed nine months ago, said the Assembly is unlikely to take up that Senate bill. "I see no reason why we should have to start this process again," said Speaker Scott Jensen (R-Town of Brookfield), noting the overwhelming bipartisan vote in favor of the Assembly bill. "I think it's a waste of the Senate's time because they are eventually going to have to take up the Assembly bill. I don't think we'll be rewarding the Senate's insolence." The Senate Judiciary Committee Monday voted, 4-0, to advance a version of the truth-in-sentencing measure that was introduced by Democrats. That version does not include increased maximum sentences for felony crimes, a provision that is part of the bill approved by the Assembly last May. The Republican sponsors of the Assembly bill said they could not go along with that modification of their truth-in-sentencing measure, which requires prisoners to serve their full sentences and eliminates parole. "That sends a pretty poor message to criminals," said Rep. Scott Walker (R-Wauwatosa). Jensen called the Senate bill a "watered-down version" of the Assembly measure and said it was proof that Senate Democrats do not really support truth in sentencing. "They're trying to cover their butts. They don't want truth in sentencing to pass, but they want to be able to tell their constituents they voted for it," he said. However, some lawmakers denied that politics had anything to do with advancement of the Senate version of the bill. "Let's not quibble about inside politics," said Sen. Robert Wirch (D-Kenosha), the committee chairman. "People want truth in sentencing and not election-year posturing." Nevertheless, although Wirch scheduled a hearing on both the Assembly and Senate versions of the measure Monday, he precluded the committee from taking any action on the Assembly bill. The Assembly bill increases the current maximum sentences for felonies by 25% to 50%. Walker said that was done to ensure that the state can impose strict supervision on prisoners after they are released from prison. Sen. Brian Burke (D-Milwaukee), sponsor of the Senate bill, said his proposal would allow a special commission to review the entire state criminal code and recommend sentencing changes. Walker and other sponsors of the Assembly bill have endorsed the creation of such a criminal code commission and had suggested the Senate could establish such a commission simply by passing an amendment to the Assembly bill. The Senate bill also calls for additional state funding for child abuse prevention programs. However, sponsors of the Assembly bill also agreed to accept the funding provision as an amendment to their legislation. Both the criminal code commission and the prevention grant funding were included in an agreement on truth in sentencing reached between Gov. Tommy Thompson and Attorney General Jim Doyle last year. In his testimony before the Senate committee Monday, Doyle said the state had made great improvements in its criminal justice system, "but the glaring deficiency in the system is how we sentence people." "Truth in sentencing will be a major step forward," he said. Doyle, a Democrat, endorsed Burke's bill and urged lawmakers to set aside partisan politics on the issue of truth in sentencing. "This is an issue far too important for partisan wrangling," he said. "I'm baffled that for months we've been hung up on a political credit-taking mission that doesn't get us truth in sentencing." Thompson's chief of staff, John Matthews, endorsed the Assembly version of the bill and its provision to increase maximum sentences before the commission makes its report. "After prisoners are released, we know they're going to be watched," Matthews said of the extended sentences. "We cannot put real truth in sentencing on hold waiting for some future Legislature to take up the commission's report. It's just too critical." Truth in sentencing was initially proposed by Gov. Tommy Thompson last February as a major part of his 1997-'99 state budget bill. By mutual agreement of the leaders of both houses of the Legislature, that proposal was taken out of the budget because it dealt with a major change in state policy and was introduced as separate legislation.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Trial Reveals Secret Kick That Boosted MarIboro Sales ('San Francisco Chronicle' Says Jury In St. Paul, Minnesota, Is Told Philip Morris First Began Using Ammoniated Form Of Tobacco In 1965 To Increase Nicotine Delivery, Improve Taste - Used More And More To 1974) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 19:57:28 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Trial Reveals Secret 'Kick' That Boosted MarIboro Sales Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Tom O'Connell"
Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Author: Steve Karnowski Associated Press TRIAL REVEALS SECRET 'KICK' THAT BOOSTED MARLBORO SALES St. Paul, Minn. They called it "the secret of Marlboro." R.J. Reynolds was desperate in the mid-1970s to learn why its leading brand, Winston, was losing market share to Philip Morris' Marlboro. So were other tobacco companies that were losing out in a ruthlessly competitive business. "We couldn't figure out what the success of Marlboro was," said David Bernick, an attorney for Brown & Williamson. "We couldn't figure out why it was that Marlboro was taking off in sales." The reason, as it turned out was ammonia, a chemical that boosted Marlboro's nicotine "kick" and improved the taste at the same time, according to documents and testimony emerging from Minnesota's lawsuit against the tobacco industry. "The secret of Marlboro is ammonia," according to a 1989 Brown & Williamson document. "Ammonia does many good things." Two expert witnesses for the state told the jury in detail how tobacco companies use various ammonia compounds to alter the chemistry of cigarette smoke to give smokers a stronger nicotine dose. The way ammonia works, they said, is that it makes the smoke less acidic. That changes a portion of its nicotine into "free nicotine," a form that is more readily absorbed in the lungs. Free nicotine's effects are felt in the brain within seconds. The experts-a Mayo Clinic authority on nicotine addiction and a Stanford University chemical engineering professor -said boosting free nicotine also ensured that cigarettes would remain addictive even though the companies were bringing out low-tar, low-nicotine brands. "What the industry was concerned with, in the face of lowering tar, is the problem they would face if nicotine levels dropped" below the level needed to keep smokers hooked, testified Channing Robertson of Stanford. "They didn't want to go out of business." Marlboro was the first major brand to really capitalize on ammonia, jurors learned. Reynolds' scientists learned that Philip Morris had begun using an ammoniated form of tobacco in 1965 and used-more and more of it from 1965 to 1974.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Vancouver's Marijuana Marketer Calls It Quits In Battle With City (Marc Emery Is Selling HempBC, According To 'Vancouver Sun') From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: Vancouver's marijuana marketer calls it quits Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 08:51:07 -0800 Lines: 44 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Vancouver Sun Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Tue 10 Feb 1998 Author: Frances Bula Section: B1 / Front VANCOUVER'S MARIJUANA MARKETER CALLS IT QUITS IN BATTLE WITH CITY The best known marijuana crusader in Vancouver -- and Canada -- is calling it quits. Marc Emery will be giving up ownership of Hemp B.C., his business that sold marijuana seeds and growing equipment, and his restaurant, the Cannabis Cafe, after the city of Vancouver refused to issue business licences. ``The problem with running a revolution through a retail business is you have to conform,'' said Emery. ``I've been here four years. I have been nothing but an asset to the city. I've paid a million dollars in taxes. Our neighbours loved us because we drew money to the area. We were a big tourist attraction. But I ultimately had to conclude that my name is mud with city council.'' Vancouver community services director Ted Droettboom said the licences were refused because the city has a stipulation making it illegal to display drug paraphernalia. So why did Hemp B.C. get a licence the last three years? ``I don't know, quite frankly,'' Droettboom said. Emery has the right to appeal to council, but he said he won't bother. He'll be turning his businesses over to his employees, who plan to remove the controversial aspects of the operations -- vapourizers in the restaurants, seeds and growing equipment in the store and the mail-order business. Fourteen people in the mail-order business had to be laid off. Emery plans to devote his time to putting out a newsletter, the Cannabis Times, and fighting his ongoing legal battles.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Drug Squad Corruption In Victoria (ADCA Quotes Australia's 'Canberra Times' And 'Herald Sun' - Victoria Drug Squad Members Took $250,000 To Steal Files At Police Station) Date: Mon, 9 Feb 1998 19:06:52 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Russell, Ken KW"
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: UPDATE> NEWS - Police Drug Squad Corruption in Victoria -----Original Message----- From: McCormack [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] Sent: Tuesday, February 10, 1998 10:57 AM To: 'ADCA News of the Day' Subject: UPDATE - NEWS - Police Drug Squad Corruption in Victoria CANBERRA TIMES 10 February 1998 p2 HERALD SUN 10 February 1998 p3 Victoria police drug squad members were paid $250,000 by criminals to steal crucial files from the drug squad's 12th floor offices at the St Kilda Road headquarters according to allegations aired on the ABC's Four Corners program last night. It was also alleged that criminals had paid drug squad members thousands of dollars in return for being "looked after" and left alone. Some parts of the program were not shown in Victoria after the State's Director of Public Prosecutions won a Supreme Court injunction on the ground they might prejudice a trial. Police chief commissioner Neil Comrie defended his force against corruption allegations. "There was not one new allegation raised (on the program) and all of those allegations have been addressed previously". Drug squad chief John McKoy admits having associated with a criminal in Queensland but rejects allegation of improper conduct. Police internal affairs investigators cleared McKoy of this and other allegations in 1995 and 1996. *** The Alcohol and other Drugs Council of Australia (ADCA) Daily News selects one story only from the many that comprise the national news for posting to this listserv. Copies of articles can be faxed or mailed on request and at no cost. Requests can be made by phone 02 62811002, fax 02 6282 7364 or email email@example.com To subscribe to this listserv, send the message "subscribe update" (without the inverted commas) in the text field to firstname.lastname@example.org with the subject field left empty.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Police Drug Squad Corruption In Victoria (List Subscriber Describes In Some Detail Record Of Denial By Law Enforcement Officials In Queensland, Elsewhere In Australia, Regarding Corruption) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 00:32:50 EST Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: Phillizy@aol.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Phillizy@aol.com To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Re: UPDATE> NEWS - Police Drug Squad Corruption in Victoria In a message dated 98-02-09 19:07:28 EST, Russell wrote: >CANBERRA TIMES 10 February 1998 p2 > >HERALD SUN 10 February 1998 > >Victoria police drug squad members were paid $250,000 by criminals to >steal crucial files from the drug squad's 12th floor offices at the St Kilda >Road headquarters according to allegations aired on the ABC's Four Corners >program last night. It was also alleged that criminals had paid drug squad >members thousands of dollars in return for being "looked after" and left >alone. Some parts of the program were not shown in Victoria after the >State's Director of Public Prosecutions won a Supreme Court injunction >on the ground they might prejudice a trial. You didn't say how many Victoria drug squad members sold their badges for a few pieces of silver. Was the number less than the 250 members of Scotland Yard who did the same thing ... as reported on MapInc last week ... while PM Blair was visiting the White House? Lizy *** Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:09:51 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Peter Watney) To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Re: UPDATE> NEWS - Police Drug Squad Corruption in Victoria [snip] >You didn't say how many Victoria drug squad members sold their badges for a >few pieces of silver. Was the number less than the 250 members of Scotland >Yard who did the same thing ... as reported on MapInc last week ... while PM >Blair was visiting the White House? Queensland Premier and Police Commissioner insisted that they had no corruption until eventually a 4 Corners TV documentary showed off-duty police from the vice squad entering a brothel that they had insisted did not exist. Queensland had a system of Police internal investigation until the documentary forced a Royal Commission with the power to subpoena and require evidence under oath. The Police Commissioner ended up in jail and losing his knighthood, and many other police were jailed, a judge was charged and the Premier was tried for corruption, but got off on a rather dicey jury manipulation. Prostitution and drugs were the main problems causing the corruption. NSW successive Premiers and Police Commissioners managed to insist for many years that their internal investigations of police showed no corruption. After 17 years ducking and weaving a Royal Commission was set up and found massive and systemic corruption in the areas of drugs, prostitution and paedophilia. The Police Commissioner has been replaced and many, many police officers jailed, sacked and disciplined. The Scotland Yard investigations have also been external. Now it is the turn of the Victorian Police. They insist that there is no systemic corruption, and that their system of internal investigation overseen by the State Ombudsman is sufficient. There is some evidence that the internal investigators have got away with several instances of concealing important investigations from the Ombudsman. There are 200 police officers in the Investigation Section, and the Ombudsman has a staff of 20, and all other state investigations to handle. Again the main subjects of complaint against the police relate to drugs and the drug squad. I fear that there will be another prolonged stone walling with the Premier and the Police Commissioner insisting that all police smell of roses, eventually followed by a Royal Commission showing up the systemic corruption that we all know exist. Serious drug dealers are marketing items that cost cents to produce and tens of dollars to buy on the street. With margins exceeding 95 per cent and with potential sentences of many years in jail of course there is corruption, and it makes me weary to see the same media exposure followed by the same denials eventually followed by the external investigation and the destruction of police morale and public trust. In all these cases it is only a small percentage of the police that get the money and tip off the dealers and spoil or lose the evidence, and I cannot get too angry with the individuals who succumb to temptation. I am angry with us who have allowed this cancer to grow and continue. We disgust me. Peter Watney Internet : email@example.com 30A Kellermann Close Fidonet : 3:620/243.71 Holt ACT 2615 Australia Telephone: +61-2-6254-1914
------------------------------------------------------------------- Forum To Face Drug Abuse ('Byron Shire Echo' Says Australian Greens Politician Ian Cohen Is Sponsoring Meeting Due To Increasing Frustration With New South Wales Government To Implement Detox Unit Or To Deal With 'Exploding Drug Problem On North Coast' At A Community Level) Date: Thu, 19 Feb 1998 20:10:35 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: Australia: Forum To Face Drug Abuse Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Ken Russell Source: Byron Shire Echo Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.echo.net.au/ Pubdate: 10 Feb 1998 FORUM TO FACE DRUG ABUSE Greens MLC Ian Cohen is organising a public forum in Byron Bay to look at the problem of drug abuse. 'Confronted with the exploding drug problem on the north coast', Mr Cohen said in a press release last Monday he was becoming increasingly frustrated with the NSW government's slowness to implement a detox unit or to deal with the drug issue at a community level. 'It is a sad reality that we have injecting drug use in Byron Bay that is impacting significantly on our community,' Mr Cohen said. 'It is tragic when it ends in death or the tortuous path of addiction and pain, compounded by the suffering of friends and family who often feel ill-equipped to deal with the issue.' The public forum will discuss drug use, its effects on the community and available avenues of help and support. The aim is to bring together representatives of the health department, police, educators, social and health workers. Mr Cohen said the forum would create an opportunity for open discussion on creating community solutions and to find 'effective means to deal with this complex problem'. 'My office has been informed of the growing number of young people using heroin and amphetamines and the alarming fact that drugs are cheap in Byron Bay,' Mr Cohen said. 'Something is going terribly wrong. We must look at the needs of our community, especially children and their requirements for community support, and then we can work together to create a more caring environment.' Sydney-based drugs educator Tony Trimmingham has agreed in principle to attend the forum if a suitable time is available. Mr Trimmingham is the founder of the Damian Trimmingham Foundation, a support and education network named after his son, who died of a heroin overdose. Mr Cohen said over 700 people a year die in Australia as a result of heroin abuse. He said the Greens office had discussed the issue with the NSW government and canvassed the possibility of funding for an education program. 'The ALP has committed to a detox unit on the north coast but it is realistically two years away from being operational,' Mr Cohen said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drugs Man Picked Out By Killers ('Belfast Telegraph' Suggests Last Night's Attack Was Carried Out By Direct Action Against Drugs, Cover Group For Irish Republican Army With Nine Victims Since April 1995) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:24:15 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Ireland: Drugs Man Picked Out By Killers Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Zosimos Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Source: Belfast Telegraph Author: Julie O'Connor Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org DRUGS MAN PICKED OUT BY KILLERS Gun gang catches up with victim on the run AFTER years of being on the run, Brendan 'Bap' Campbell's life was finally brought to a bloody end on the streets of Belfast last night. A known drug-dealer - originally from the Poleglass area of west Belfast - he knew his years were numbered as ruthless paramilitaries had attempted to kill him on more than one occasion. Knowing his life was under threat, Campbell spent his time moving from safe house to safe house, night after night. But the murder bids did not change his habits. He continued to sell drugs, defying his would-be assassins, who finally caught up with him on the Lisburn Road last night. His life from as early as 1995 was littered with uncertainty. In April 1995 he was attacked by gunmen in his home, and his fear of being murdered led him to ask a judge to revoke his bail and remand him to prison. He was also credited with launching a grenade attack on Connolly House (Sinn Fein's Belfast headquarters) last year, phoning them up later to claim he had carried it out. Just last month gunmen burst into a Belfast bar on the Boucher Road, where Campbell was drinking with a friend, and shot him twice in the chest. Republican paramilitaries were blamed for the attack, and sources at the time said the only reason he survived was because he was wearing a bullet-proof jacket. Early reports suggest last night's attack was carried out by Direct Action Against Drugs, a cover group for the IRA. DAAD has now murdered nine people since April 1995, beginning with the murder of Mickey Mooney, who was killed in a city centre bar.
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Research Explodes The Myth Of 'Safe' Ecstasy Use (Or That's What One Professor Tells 'Irish Independent' About Unidentified 'New Irish Research' - No Mention Of Any Attempt To Compare Alleged Dangers To Similar Harms Attributed To Alcohol - Same Professor Says Cannabis Has Destructive Effects On Brain, Immune System) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:24:15 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Ireland: New Research Explodes The Myth Of 'Safe' Ecstasy Use Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Zosimos Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Source: The Irish Independent Contact: email@example.com NEW RESEARCH EXPLODES THE MYTH OF 'SAFE' ECSTASY USE THE belief that the drug Ecstasy is safe is a dangerous myth and users are at high risk of suffering from depression as well as lowering their resistance to infection and cancer, new Irish research revealed yesterday. Professor Brian Leonard of the Department of Pharmacology, UCG, said it takes only one or two Ecstasy tablets to leave youngsters suffering depression in the long term. As the celebrations for St Valentine's day near and the temptation to use Ecstasy increases youngsters were bluntly told that it will put their mental and physical health at risk. "More youngsters will be going to parties over the weekend and the message is that this is not a drug to be abused. It is insidious in its long-term effects," he warned. Serotonin is one of the transmitters in the brain which controls mood which can result in the pleasing affect associated with this so called "love drug", he said. However, the drug causes the nerve terminals containing serotonin to become depleted and this can lead to depression. Professor Leonard, who has studied the effects of the drug for five years, looked at its long term impact on the brain and its short term implications for the immune system. "A single dose of ecstasy shuts down part of the immune system while two or three will permanently damage brain cells and trigger depressive states," he warned. "In several cases of death from the drug, the person has become very physically active in a crowded situation which results in excessive sweating. This affects blood volume and the secretion of salt by the body which can result in heart problems and sudden death," he pointed out. The excessive sweating can lead to a need to drink a lot of water. If several litres are drunk the blood volume increases dramatically leading to heart failure, so the argument that victim had a bad heart anyway has no substance. He said some of us can be predisposed to depressive states without being aware of it. "Ecstasy depletes our neurotransmitters and can trigger psychotic and depressive states. It is therefore very dangerous." After several doses, parts of the immune system can become permanently damaged. He also voiced opposition to any move to legalise cannabis which he also blamed for destructive effects on the brain and immune system. "I am calling on the Government to provide adequate funding for research into all types of drugs of abuse. "There is a severe shortage of funding for research into drugs, including Ecstasy and alcohol. Further funding must be provided if we are to understand the toxic implications of this and other drugs," he stressed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Fight Hard Drugs And Not Cannabis (Letter To Editor Of Ireland's 'Examiner' Urges Harm Reduction Approach) Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 15:24:15 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Ireland: PUB LTE: Fight Hard Drugs And Not Cannabis Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Zosimos Pubdate: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 Source: Examiner, The (Ireland) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org FIGHT HARD DRUGS AND NOT CANNABIS Sir, It was with a certain amount of misgiving that I read of the recent cannabis seizures by gardai in counties Cork and Tipperary. Comments Det Chief Supt Kevin Carty that he 'objects strongly' to people calling for cannabis to be decriminalised, and that their campaign is based on a 'lot of empty rhetoric' without any factual evidence to back it up, are hardly helpful. I remind Det Chief Supt Kevin Carty that we live in a democracy, and so have the right to call for changes to any law which we may feel to be unjust, unworkable, or likely to lead to the prosecution of people for 'victimless' crimes, all of which I consider to be caused by the present law which criminalises cannabis. I am dismayed to see someone in Mr Carty's position still insisting that cannabis is a 'gateway' drug. It is a fact that cannabis is not a gateway drug to addiction to other substances. Unfortunately, no matter how many times they are presented with the evidence, the likes of Mr Carty simply refuse to accept this fact. I will not waste readers' time by once again listing all the reports that state that cannabis does not lead on to other drugs. But what really worries me about the recent high profile seizures, is that the seizures themselves may lead to our young people becoming addicted to harder drugs. Due to its bulky nature, and the fact that it has a distinctive odour, cannabis is by far the easiest of the currently illegal drugs to detect. Heroin, on the other hand, is very compact, virtually odourless, and therefore very difficult to detect. And the profit margins on it are, in fact, far higher than those on cannabis. If these cannabis seizures continue, and the supply is disrupted, then the current users, when they approach their suppliers, may well be told that there is no cannabis available, and perhaps be offered far more dangerous substances, like heroin, instead. Indeed, we could be sowing the seeds for a new epidemic of heroin addiction. If cannabis were to be legalised, garda time and resources could be freed for targeting the suppliers of the really dangerous drugs. More importantly, it would separate the market between cannabis and other, harmful drugs. As Mr Carty himself points out, young people like to experiment. This is a fact of life, which we need to accept and face up to. In a weekend seminar at TCD last November, Prof Parker, an academic social worker and director of social policy for the management of social problems at the University of Manchester, stated that cannabis is actually saving the lives of young people who wish to experiment. Advocating the de-criminalisation of cannabis, he said that by being readily available to "risk-taking" adolescents, cannabis had reduced the highly dangerous use of solvents and gases, and that related deaths (in the UK) had dropped from about 180 a year to about 50. Personally, I would far sooner listen to the research findings of the likes of Prof Parker, than to the empty rhetoric of Det Chief Supt Kevin Carty, and his ilk. Of course, I suppose it would be unfair of me to suggest that the eagerness of the Gardai to call a press conference and to be photographed in front of all this seized cannabis, may have more to do with personal advancement and future Garda funding, than with any real concern about the welfare of our youth. Martin Cooke, Corcormick, Drumkeeerin, Co Leitrim.
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Additions To Web Site Of Centre For Drug Research At The University Of Amsterdam - CEDRO (A Study On Heroin Maintenance In Holland And A Point By Point Debunking Of Joseph Califano's October 1996 Op-Ed In 'International Herald Tribune') Date: Tue, 10 Feb 1998 09:38:29 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: A.Sas@frw.uva.nl (Arjan Sas) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: New additions to the CEDRO website New additions to the website of the Centre for Drug Research (CEDRO) at the University of Amsterdam. (http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/) 1. The Drug Policy Debate in Europe: The Case of Califano Vs. The Netherlands by Craig Reinarman On October 18, 1996, the International Herald Tribune published an editorial by Joseph A. Califano, Jr. condemning Dutch cannabis policy. From his initial press conference announcing the opening of CASA in 1990 until the present, Califano has been highly critical of drug use, claiming that it is the principal and direct cause of crime, health problems, declining worker productivity, homelessness, and a range of other problems. In his article Califano offered 'facts' purporting to show that 'legalization would be a disaster for European children and teenagers.' Craig Reinarman offers a point by point examination of what Califano neglected, misrepresented, or got wrong, presented in the larger interest of an informed debate about drug policy options in Europe. http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/library/craig/califano.html 2. Heroin maintenance in the Netherlands: The case of the Rev. Visser in Rotterdam / Parte la distribuzione di eroina in Olanda: Il caso del pastore Visser di Rotterdam by Peter Cohen In this short article that was published in 'Il Manifesto' in Italy, Peter Cohen explains the experimental Dutch heroin maintenance system. http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/library/peter/heroin.html http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/library/peter/eroina.html This message was issued on CEDRO's electronic mailing list. To join this low volume read-only list, send e-mail to and in the subject field say only "subscribe CEDRO". To leave this list send a message to the same address saying "unsubscribe CEDRO". CEDRO - Centre for Drug Research, University of Amsterdam http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Call For Renegotiating 1988 Vienna Convention (Italian List Subscriber Says Recent Congress In Italy Of European Federation Of The Professionals Working On The Addiction Field Issued Resolution Urging End To Prohibitionist Policies) Date: Fri, 13 Feb 1998 23:09:50 -0500 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Sergio Inacio) by way of Richard Lake (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: the call for renegotiating the 1988 Vienna Convention I am forwarding the following from the drugtext press list, a service in The Netherlands which also carries our DrugNews-Digest. If anyone runs into more info. on this story, or perhaps an article for email@example.com it will be appreciated. - Richard *** Notices from Italy The European Federation of the Professionals Working on the Addiction Field, had congress that happened for 3 days in Bolonha, Italy (Bologna in your language, I think), with attendants representing 11 countries and more than 5,000 professionals. The resolution was the "Bolonha Call". They also say that call is for renegotiating the 1988 Vienna Convention and for the end of drug war, and have also made severe criticism to the prohibitionist policy. (in "Diário de Noticias, 10-02-1998 edition) (this text is a very short resume) sorry about my english Sergio - O liberalismo e´ um humanismo Sergio - Vila Franca De Xira - Portugal - firstname.lastname@example.org The drugtext press list. News on substance use related issues, drugs and drug policy email@example.com -------------------------------------------------------------------
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