Portland NORML News - Friday, March 27, 1998

Judge Clears Way For Pot To Be Seized ('Los Angeles Times'
Says Ventura County Superior Court Judge William Peck Has Signed Papers
Allowing Police And Prosecutors To Decide How Many Medical Marijuana Plants
Andrea Nagy And Robert Carson Can Grow For Their Own Personal Use -
Same Judge Previously Made Nagy And Carson Shut Down Ventura County's
Only Medical Marijuana Dispensary, In Thousand Oaks -
Nagy Predicts Police Raid Within A Week)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 11:59:13 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Clears Way for Pot to be Seized
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: March 27, 1998
Author: Hilary E. MacGregor, Times Staff Writer


Injunction is revised after owners of a medical marijuana outlet used court
order to avoid law enforcement. Authorities will decide if they can keep

Angry that two owners of a Thousand Oaks medical marijuana outlet twice
misused a civil court order to fend off law enforcement, a Ventura judge
Thursday cleared the way for police to arrest them and seize their plants.
Until Thursday, "there was a cloak of protection over the plants in the
garage," said Deputy Dist. Atty. Mitch Disney, referring to marijuana
growing at the home of pot activist and migraine sufferer Andrea Nagy. "Now
that cloak is gone."

Nagy and her boyfriend, Robert Carson, ran Ventura County's only medical
marijuana outlet out of a Thousand Oaks strip mall, serving about 60
patients suffering from AIDS, cancer and other serious ailments.

After the district attorney filed a civil suit claiming that the business
was a threat to public health, Superior Court Judge William Peck issued a
temporary restraining order in February shutting it down.

On March 2, Peck expanded on that order with a preliminary injunction that
forbade Nagy and Carson to sell or distribute pot until the issue is
settled in trial later this year. The order did allow them to continue
cultivating it for their own personal medicinal use.

Thursday's hearing was meant to determine how many plants the two could
grow for their own medical use. In the end, the judge left that decision up
to police and prosecutors.

Factored into the judge's decision were two instances where Nagy and Carson
used his civil court order to fend off criminal charges. The first occurred
in February when a CHP officer pulled Carson over for speeding near
Tehachapi and found pot in his car. Unable to produce a driver's license,
Carson instead offered Peck's court order to the officer, Disney said.

The second incident occurred several weeks later when Nagy gave a copy of
the order to officers responding to complaints that pot plants were visible
in her garage. "I did not give anyone permission to possess marijuana,"
Peck said. The police "didn't confiscate the marijuana, but they could
have. That is why I am so upset that my court order has been abused."

He said he wanted to revise his March 2 order to make clear it "in no way
encourages or discourages law enforcement officials." Peck left to police
and prosecutors the question of whether Nagy and Carson have more marijuana
plants than they need for their own medical use and whether they have the
necessary prescriptions.

"And if you think they have more than is sufficient for personal use you
can go in and bust 'em," he told Disney. Before the judge adjourned to work
out wording for a new preliminary injunction, attorneys for Nagy and Carson
asked him to spell out what their clients could do.

Peck said they could disseminate knowledge about pot growing, but not give
out plants or seeds or create a communal pot garden. "Once you allow two or
three people to get together and grow marijuana, then what is to stop 2,000
to 3,000 people from getting together?" he asked.

Outside the courtroom, Nagy's and Carson's attorneys expressed frustration.

"It is extremely objectionable to me that our clients have undergone
considerable expense and quite a bit of disruption in their lives to be
given a court order that will have no force on anyone or anything except to
tell them that they must comply with the law," said Nagy's attorney, James

Nagy herself decried a system that would deny medicine to sick and dying
people and predicted that without further protection her pot plants would
be confiscated within a week. "Mark my words, guys," she said to a group of
reporters as she walked out of the courtroom. "I give them a week before
they raid my house."

Copyright Los Angeles Times

Reefer Madness - A Musical ('Seattle Weekly' Runs Advertisement
For Theater Production It's Sponsoring Together With The Crocodile Cafe,
Hempen Ale And KZOK Radio)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 13:07:47 -0800 (PST)
From: Turmoil 
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: Reefer Madness - The Musical
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

I wonder if anyone knows much more about this. This is what I know, from an
ad in the Weekly

March 26th to May 2nd.
Reefer madness A Musical
Music Lyrics and Stage adaptation by Andrew Thomas Shields
Sponsered by: The Seattle Weekly, The Crocodile Cafe, Hempen Ale and KZOK
- Admission Price $12.50 - Market Theater

War On Drugs - Time To Re-Think It (Letter To Editor
Of Everett, Washington, 'Herald,' Cites Corruption, Cost)

Date: Sat, 28 Mar 1998 17:46:20 -0500
To: bc616@scn.org, hemp-talk@hemp.net
From: Richard Lake 
Subject: Re: HT: PRINTED: WAR ON DRUGS time to re-think (3/27/98) herald
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net
Newshawk: John Smith
Pubdate: Fri. 27 Mar. 1998
Source: The Herald, Everett, WA, USA
Contact: letters@heraldnet.com
WebPage: http://www.heraldnet.com



Recently we have been exposed to two more very good reasons to re-think the
war on drugs.

A DEA budget analyst was caught with his hand in a $6 million cookie jar
(taxpayers' money folks). And a King County deputy prosecutor was caught
bringing a methamphetamine pipe and a scale to the courthouse! (But the
King County prosecutor's spokesperson said that there was no indication he
used the pipe or drugs during work!)

Two reasons to re-think our current drug policy: 1. Because it is way too
expensive! (Some estimates say the budget for the "war on some drugs" is
larger than NASA's!) 2. Because it is not stopping very many people from
using drugs.

If it was up to me, I would change the way we regulate drugs -- legalize
marijuana like alcohol and tobacco. Keep hard drugs under the supervision
of a doctor -- as is done in England -- which would cut the prison
population by half and would help people instead of hurting them.

Darral Good, Lynnwood
North Everett

BYU's Selleaze Charged In Dope Case ('Associated Press' Item
From Provo, Utah, Says Ron Selleaze, Brigham Young University's
Leading Scorer, Was Charged Friday With Possession Of Marijuana
And Suspended From The Team Along With Michael Garrett,
Who Was Expected To Be A Starting Guard Next Season)

Date: Mon, 30 Mar 1998 18:57:33 -0500
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: Richard Lake 
Subject: MN: US UT: Wire: BYU's Selleaze Charged in Dope Case
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: GDaurer 
Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: 27 Mar 1998


PROVO, Utah (AP) - Ron Selleaze, Brigham Young's leading scorer in the just
completed basketball season, was charged Friday with possession of marijuana.

Selleaze, who was suspended from the team earlier this week, is to appear
April 15 before 4th District Judge Gary Stott. The 21-year-old Selleaze
faces one count of possession of a controlled substance in a drug-free
zone, a class A misdemeanor.

Prosecutors said they won't file charges against Selleaze's friend Michael
Garrett, a redshirt who was expected to be a starting guard at BYU next

Garrett also was issued a citation for possession of marijuana March 16 by
Provo police, and also has been suspended indefinitely by coach Steve
Cleveland. Both players remain in school.

``We decided not to file charges on Mr. Garrett because the officers, I
don't believe, saw him smoking marijuana,'' said Provo City prosecutor
Steve Schreiner, who played basketball at BYU from 1989-1991.

Two other men who were in an apartment with Selleaze and Garrett also were
charged, but neither is a student.

Police responded to a noise complaint at 1 a.m. March 16 and issued the
citations, but no arrests were made.

Schreiner said Selleaze wouldn't receive any special treatment because he
is a star athlete.

``I don't look at the case differently,'' he said. ``It's unfortunate for
the program, and I feel bad about that.''

Selleaze, who joined the team in December, averaged 17 points per game and
was picked for the second-team All-Western Athletic Conference. He helped
BYU improve from just one win two years ago to nine wins and an appearance
in the WAC postseason tournament.

Substance Abuse Rises Among Bay Students ('Milwaukee Journal Sentinel'
Says That A Survey Of 746 Students In Grades Six Through 12 In Whitefish Bay,
Wisconsin, By PRIDE, The Parents Resource Institute For Drug Education,
Found That Among Seniors, 58.6 Percent Reported Using Cigarettes,
An Increase From 46.3 Percent in 1993; 72.4 Percent Used Beer, 64.1 Percent
Used Hard Liquor, 49.3 Percent Used Marijuana, 6.3 Percent Cocaine
And 13.8 Percent Used Hallucinogens)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 11:06:58 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US WI: Substance Abuse Rises Among Bay Students
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI)
Contact: jsedit@onwis.com
Fax: (414) 224-8280
Website: http://www.jsonline.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Author: Marie Rohde of the Journal Sentinel staff


Whitefish Bay -- A survey of Whitefish Bay students shows "there is a
growing substance abuse" problem among teens that high school principal
Neil Codell termed a "continuing epidemic."

The survey, part of a national project known as PRIDE (Parents Resource
Institute for Drug Education), was voluntarily completed by 746 students in
the sixth through 12th grades. The current enrollment of the high school is
833; the middle school's is 634.

The survey asked whether students had used a substance one or more times
during the past year, but did not attempt to determine frequency of use.

Among the findings:

For seniors, 58.6% reported they had used cigarettes, an increase from
46.3% in 1993, the last time the survey was conducted. Use of tobacco was
higher in all grade levels, compared with the results of a previous survey.

Alcohol continues to be the drug of choice among students, with 72.4%
saying they had consumed beer, and 64.1% saying they consumed liquor.

49.3% said they had used marijuana, 6.3% cocaine and 13.8% reported using

The survey indicated the vast majority of drug and alcohol use does not
occur during school hours but on weekends and holidays.

Tom Dewing, the coordinator of the district's alcohol and drug program,
said the results are generally below national averages. However, use by
seniors of cigarettes, marijuana and beer was somewhat above the national

"We don't stick out like a sore thumb," said Dewing.

Although 92.4% of the students said their teachers talked to them about
alcohol- and drug-related issues often, only 15.1% said the same was true
of their parents.

Police Chief Gary Mikulec, whose department runs a DARE program for middle
school students, sees the lack of communication at home as a problem.

"People must understand that DARE is not a project that is presented and is
finished," Mikulec said.

"It is part of a process of education. It might begin with DARE, but
parents have to carry the load. If they don't, these kids won't remember
anything by the time they get to 11th or 12th grade."

School principal Codell listed a dozen steps the district has taken to
fight drug and alcohol abuse. He noted that the district has applied for
state funding for a part-time drug and alcohol coordinator who would serve
as a liaison between the community and schools.

The rising numbers do not mean the programs are not working, he said.

"It's working better than doing nothing," Codell said.

Some parents have complained that Cahill Square, a park where students
congregate across the street from the school, may be where some of the
substance-abuse activity is going on.

Mikulec said officers patrol the park daily during the lunch hours and
after school. Last year, the department cracked down on underage cigarette
smoking in the park.

Citations for possession of controlled substances were given to eight
juveniles in the village last year. Three of those went to Milwaukeeans,
who were driving through the village.

Mikulec also noted there had not been a single bust for an underage
drinking party in about a year.

A teen drinking party last year generated publicity when a father initially
refused to cooperate with police. At the time, Mikulec complained that a
"network" went into action and students were advised by parents or lawyers
not to cooperate with police.

"That generated a lot of discussion," Mikulec said. "I think it raised
public awareness."

Sheriff Still Wants Barczak's Car ('Shepherd Express' In Milwaukee,
Wisconsin, Says The Milwaukee County Sheriff Wants To Forfeit
The Car Of The Former Clerk Of County Courts, Gary Barczak,
Who Pleaded Guilty To Misdemeanor Charges Of Possessing Crack
And Paraphernalia, Though Felony Charges Were Dropped)
Link to earlier story
Date: Sat, 28 Mar 1998 19:39:53 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US WI: Sheriff Still Wants Barczak's Car Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Pubdate: Thursday, 27 Mar 1998 Source: Shepherd Express (Milwaukee, WI) Author: John-David Morgan Website: http://www.shepherd-express.com/ Contact: editor@shepherd-express.com SHERIFF STILL WANTS BARCZAK'S CAR Milwaukee County sheriff's investigators are proceeding with their attempt to seize former County Clerk of Courts Gary Barczak's 1988 Mazda, which they say was used to "facilitate the transfer" of the 12.5 grams of crack cocaine sheriff's deputies found in Barczak's possession last November. Barczak was sentenced earlier this month to three years of probation and a $400 fine after he pleaded guilty to misdemeanor drug possession and possession of drug paraphernalia. Barczak was initially charged with felony solicitation--the crime of asking another person to commit a felony--but the charge was dropped in late January. Before the charge was dropped, a sheriff's department spokesman said the department usually files forfeiture claims on a drug crime defendant's property when a felony has been charged. (See Jan. 22 Shepherd Express.) Why go ahead with the forfeiture of Barczak's car after the felony was dropped? "We think it's the right thing to do. We're going to proceed," said Deputy Inspector Peter Misko, head of the sheriff's criminal investigations department. Misko said the department was "trying to be fair" with Barczak, but also questioned Barczak's account of his plans the evening he was arrested. After sheriff's deputies saw the drug deal set up by informant Troy Cager (Barczak's cocaine supplier and former sex partner), Barczak was arrested in the driveway of his home as he was preparing to leave in the car. He had a small amount of the crack with him. "If he was going back to his office, why did he take his crack cocaine with him? ... He says he never took crack to the office," Misko said, recounting some of Barczak's claims. "Where was he going?" The car facilitated the transfer of the cocaine, Misko said, giving sheriff's deputies and County Corporation Counsel Bob Ott a legal claim on the car. Ott said in January that law enforcement often stops a forfeiture if a defendant is cooperating with authorities. But legal sources interviewed during the course of Barczak's case have said that seizing a car is uncommon when no drug-dealing crime is charged. Barczak, reached at his home Monday, was quick to agree. "Absolutely," he said when asked if he thought the refusal to return the car was excessive punishment. "I don't think they have any legal standing." The civil court fight over the car is pending before Winnebago County Judge Thomas Williams, the judge who presided over Barczak's criminal case. No court date has been set, and Barczak said his lawyers are preparing a motion for a summary judgment to dismiss the case. Barczak lawyers responded to the claim on the car by arguing that the county lacked jurisdiction to seize it, and that doing so would be an excessive and unconstitutional punishment. A Shepherd Express article last fall showed that the sentence Barczak received in criminal court was consistent with sentencing in drug possession cases involving first-time offenders. Barczak had no prior record. Since the sentence, county auditors found a shortfall of over $1,000 in Barczak's campaign fund, and Barczak and his wife Judy have filed for a divorce. Barczak's lawyer Tom Wilmouth refused to comment on the forfeiture case. Misko is confident that the car will become the property of Milwaukee County. "A court may disagree," he said. "But the majority of the time we prevail."

Still Crazy After All These Years ('Reuters' Notes The Virginia State
Whiskey Still Task Force Is Scouring The Hills Of Southwest Virginia
Looking For An Illegal Moonshine Distillery After Intercepting
More Than 3,500 Gallons And Arresting One Man)

From: "W.H.E.N." 
To: "-Hemp Talk" 
Subject: HT: Moonshining article from VA
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 20:05:45 -0800
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Subject: Still crazy after all these years
Date: Friday, March 27, 1998 1:53 AM

Agents scour hills for moonshine still

ROCKY MOUNT, Va. (Reuters) - State liquor agents searched the hills of
rural southwest Virginia Thursday for an illegal still believed to be the
source of the largest seizure of moonshine whiskey in more than 20 years,
officials said.

Agents with the state's Whiskey Still Task Force, based in tiny Rocky
Mount -- the reputed moonshine capital of the world -- seized 3,524 gallons of
homemade whiskey in a raid earlier this week. The moonshine was valued at
$88,100, or $25 a gallon.

"The moonshine business continues to operate and produce large volumes of
product in Virginia, and that is not small stills for personal
consumption," state Alcohol Beverage Control spokeswoman Jennifer
Farinholt said. "This is basically a rural organized crime."

Agents said Stewart Lynn Adkins, 42, was arrested Monday as he loaded 980
gallons of moonshine into a tobacco barn in Sago, about 30 miles
southeast of Roanoke. The agents said they also found 2,544 gallons
of hooch, some still warm from the still, on his farm in nearby Franklin.

All but a few jugs kept for evidence were poured out.

Adkins, who spent 45 days in jail in 1992 for transporting moonshine
whiskey, had been under surveillance for weeks, Farinholt said. He was
charged with possessing and transporting 980 gallons of untaxed whiskey
after this week's raid.

Since 1996, Alcohol Beverage Control agents have destroyed stills capable
of producing an estimated 379,200 gallons a year of moonshine valued at
about $9.5 million.

Sheriff's Office To See If Deputy's Gun Used In Any Crimes
('Atlanta Journal-Constitution' Says A Sergeant With The Fulton County
Sheriff's Department Was Fired March 17 After Testing Positive For Cocaine -
The Drug Test Was Ordered After The Sergeant's Gun Was Found
By Atlanta, Georgia, Police At A 'Crack' House)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 12:19:17 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: US GA: Sheriff's Office To See If Deputy's Gun Used In Any Crimes
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Source: Atlanta Journal-Constitution
Contact: legis@ajc.com
Website: http://www.accessatlanta.com/news/
Author: Sandra Eckstein, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution


Ballistics tests are being run on a Fulton County Sheriff's Department gun
that was found in a drug house earlier this month. Its owner, a sergeant in
the department, was fired after testing positive for cocaine.

Sgt. Angelo Willoughby, 36, was fired March 17 after his drug test came
back positive. Sheriff Jacquelyn Barrett said she ordered the test after
Willoughby's gun was discovered March 5 during a drug raid at a crack house
on James P. Brawley Drive.

Barrett said they are conducting ballistics tests to find out if the
county-issued .40-caliber Beretta was used to commit any crimes. She said
she first noticed Willoughby without a gun in February. When questioned
about it, Willoughby told her he had misplaced his weapon during a move and
was looking for it. She gave him a week to find it.

Atlanta police found it first.

Police were executing a search warrant on a known drug house when they came
across the weapon, Barrett said. A police report of the incident shows that
during the search of the apartment, police confiscated more than $5,600 in
cash, a large amount of cocaine and heroin and several guns. A man and
woman in the apartment were charged with trafficking in cocaine, possession
of heroin with the intent to distribute and possession of a weapon during
the commission of a crime.

Barrett said the gun was easily identifiable.

"All of our weapons are engraved with Fulton County Sheriff's Department on
them," she said. "It's kind of a dead giveaway."

Atlanta police notified the Sheriff's Department of the find, department
officials traced the gun to Willoughby, and Barrett ordered him to take a
drug test. At first he refused, but then relented. The test came back

Willoughby was about one month shy of his 18th year with the department,
officials said. Barrett said he worked as a floor supervisor at the county
jail. She said while he had some negative marks in his file, overall he was
considered "a fairly stable employee."

"He's had some personal problems we were aware of, but nothing that would
lead us to believe he had a drug problem," Barrett said.

Sheriff's spokesman Capt. David Chadd said the two people arrested at the
drug house were shown a picture of Willoughby, and both denied knowing him
or having seen him. Barrett said that still leaves the department with the
troubling question of how the sergeant's gun ended up there and how it's
been used.

"We certainly hope the weapon wasn't traded for drugs, which would be very
disturbing," Barrett said.

The Campaign To Kill House Resolution 372 (Update For Activists
From The Marijuana Policy Project In Washington, DC, Notes A Vote
On The Anti-Medical Marijuana Resolution Has Been Delayed
Until At Least April 21 While Lawmakers Return To Their Home Districts -
Now Is The Time To Schedule A Personal Interview)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 14:23:56 EST
Originator: medmj@drcnet.org
Sender: medmj@drcnet.org
From: Marijuana Policy Project 
To: Multiple recipients of list 
Subject: The campaign to kill House Resolution 372
Organization: Marijuana Policy Project


TO: Interested persons

FROM: Robert D. Kampia, MPP director of government relations

DATE: Friday, March 27, 1998

SUBJECT: The campaign to kill House Resolution 372

The U.S. House of Representatives has delayed its vote on House
Resolution 372, the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution, until Tuesday,
April 21, at the earliest. This would be the first ever congressional
vote on medicinal marijuana. (Please note that the abbreviation for this
resolution is "H.Res. 372," not "H.R. 372.") If you are a patient,
doctor, or otherwise have a personal story to tell about medicinal
marijuana, please call the office of your U.S. representative to
schedule a meeting while he or she is visiting his or her office near
your home town during the April 4 - 20 congressional recess.

Since MPP's last legislative update one week ago, there has been a
ground swell of citizen opposition to this resolution. The momentum is
now moving in our direction:

* Approximately 60 patients and other supporters of medicinal
marijuana held a protest outside the office of U.S. Rep. Bill
McCollum (R-FL) -- the sponsor of House Resolution 372 --
in Orlando on March 19. The protest received media coverage
on the evening news, numerous radio stations across Florida,
and in local newspapers.

* On March 18, the _Glendale News Press_ ran a story on the
hypocrisy of U.S. Rep. Jim Rogan (R-CA), who supported
medicinal marijuana legislation in 1995 while serving in the
California state legislature but voted in favor of House
Resolution 372 in committee on March 4.

* Also on March 18, the U.S. House Judiciary Committee
issued a 15-page report on the resolution. While the
Republicans' position was composed of typical anti-drug
rhetoric, nine committee Democrats strongly opposed the
resolution: Howard Berman (D-CA), John Conyers (D-MI),
William Delahunt (D-MA), Barney Frank (D-MA), Sheila
Jackson Lee (D-TX), Zoe Lofgren (D-CA), Jerrold Nadler
(D-NY), Robert Scott (D-VA), and Melvin Watt (D-NC). The
Democrats' dissenting views included the following: "If a
state, by referendum or legislative enactment, adopts the
policy that marijuana can provide some relief to those of its
citizens who are suffering from AIDS or cancer, it is the
height of Washington-centered arrogance for the Congress to
override that state's position."

* U.S. Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA), who is a medical doctor,
wrote this in response to a Seattle constituent's letter:
"If carefully supervised use of marijuana brings relief of
suffering for certain patients in certain circumstances,
prescription of the drug by the patient's treating physician is
sensible and compassionate. I believe it possible to closely
regulate marijuana's use for particular medical purposes in an
arrangement that benefits seriously ill patients without
worsening America's illicit drug problems."

* James Brewster, a libertarian activist in Eugene, Oregon,
wrote to his U.S. representative and received this response:
"Thank you for contacting me regarding your support for the
medical use of marijuana. While I am a strong advocate of
eradicating drug abuse in America, I believe that the voters in
California, Oregon and elsewhere ought to be able to decide
whether marijuana should be available for medical purposes. ...
With such strong testimony from patients and doctors supporting
the therapeutic uses of marijuana, it seems ludicrous that the
Clinton Administration is prepared to harass doctors who
prescribe marijuana in accordance with state laws in California
and Arizona." -- U.S. Rep. Peter DeFazio (D-OR)

* In response to MPP's legislative updates, Dr. Arnold Sterne
Leff, former Deputy Associate Director of the White House
Drug Abuse Office (1972-1973), released a strong letter
opposing House Resolution 372 on March 22.

* Additionally, author Tom Robbins wrote the following to
U.S. Rep. Jack Metcalf: "To deny to the critically infirm the
benefits of marijuana, a mild euphoric whose side effects are
less dangerous than 95 per cent of prescription
pharmaceuticals, is not just blindly asinine, it is inhuman.
Therefore, I'm calling upon your humanity and good sense in
urging you to vote against House Resolution 372, the anti-
medicinal marijuana resolution that deprives seriously ill
patients of relief from suffering and discomfort, and serves no
one except the tyrannical and the hysterical."

While MPP is lobbying against House Resolution 372 on Capitol Hill,
we cannot stop it without your help. By expressing your strong
opposition now, we can kill this resolution if and when it reaches the
House floor. House Resolution 372 states, in part, the following:

The U.S. House of Representatives is opposed to legalizing
marijuana ... a dangerous and addictive drug ... for medicinal
use, and urges the defeat of state initiatives which would seek
to legalize marijuana for medicinal use.

Please call or write and say the following: "I am writing/
calling to urge [you/Representative _________] to vote against
House Resolution 372, the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution. I believe
patients should be allowed to use medicinal marijuana if their doctors
approve of such use. At the very least, Congress should not take any
action on this issue until the Institute of Medicine completes its
review of medicinal marijuana this coming December." (Institute of
Medicine's phone number is 202-334-1805.)


To find out the name of your U.S. representative (on the Web):

First, find out your ZIP+4 ...

Then, use it to get the name of your U.S. representative ...

TO CALL: To call your U.S. representative's office, please call the
congressional switchboard operator at 202-225-3121. The
operator will ask you for your zip code if you do not know
who your U.S. representative is.

TO FAX: To fax your U.S. representative, please call your U.S.
representative's office or e-mail MPP@MPP.ORG for his or her
fax number. If you choose to e-mail MPP, please be sure to
include your U.S. representative's name.

TO E-MAIL: Please DO NOT e-mail your U.S. representative unless you have
already called or faxed.


For up-to-date information on the status of House Resolution 372
and how to oppose it, please visit the MPP's World Wide Web site
at http://www.mpp.org/la031398.html.



To support the MPP's work and receive the quarterly
"Marijuana Policy Report," please send $25.00 annual
membership dues to:

Marijuana Policy Project (MPP)
P.O. Box 77492
Capitol Hill
Washington, D.C. 20013

202-232-0442 FAX

Reno Appeals For More Aid For Drug Treatment Of Prisoners
('Minneapolis Star-Tribune' Says While The US Attorney General
Was Announcing More Than $144 Million In Prison Construction
And Drug Treatment Grants To States, She Asked Congress
To Amend The Law To Let States Spend More Prison Aid On Drug Treatment
And Follow-Up)

Date: Sat, 28 Mar 1998 13:40:39 -0500
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: Richard Lake 
Subject: MN: US: Reno Appeals For More Aid For Drug Treatment Of Prisoners
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Mike Gogulski 
Source: Minneapolis Star-Tribune
Contact: opinion@startribune.com
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Website: http://www.startribune.com/
Author: Star Tribune Staff/wire services


More federal aid is needed for drug treatment of criminals before and after
their release "if we're going to make real progress in fighting drugs,"
Attorney General Janet Reno said. Announcing more than $144 million in
prison construction and drug treatment grants to states, Reno asked
Congress to amend the law to let states spend more prison aid on drug
treatment and follow-up. Research shows 75 percent of inmates and half of
those in jails suffer from drug or alcohol abuse, but only 10 percent to 20
percent get treatment behind bars, Reno said.

Marijuana Use In Supportive Care For Cancer Patients (List Subscriber
Posts Text From Web Site Of US National Cancer Institute,
Which Doesn't Come Right Out And Endorse Smoked Cannabis As An Antiemetic,
But Promises That Research Will Resume 'In The Near Future')

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 13:04:04 -0800 (PST)
From: bc616@scn.org (Darral Good)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: From the national cancer insitute's own web site
Reply-To: bc616@scn.org
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net


Cancer Facts [INLINE] Supportive Care

Marijuana Use in Supportive Care for Cancer Patients

Cancer and cancer treatment may cause a variety of problems for cancer
patients. Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and anorexia and
cachexia are conditions that affect many individuals with cancer.

Nausea and Vomiting

Some anticancer drugs cause nausea and vomiting because they affect
parts of the brain that control vomiting and/or irritate the stomach
lining. The severity of these symptoms depends on several factors,
including the chemotherapeutic agent(s) used, the dose, the schedule,
and the patient's reaction to the drug(s). The management of nausea
and vomiting caused by chemotherapy is an important part of care for
cancer patients whenever it occurs. Although patients usually receive
antiemetics, drugs that help control nausea and vomiting, there is no
single best approach to reducing these symptoms in all patients.
Doctors must tailor antiemetic therapy to meet each individual's
needs, taking into account the type of anticancer drugs being
administered; the patient's general condition, age, and related
factors; and, of course, the extent to which the antiemetic is

There has been much interest in the use of marijuana to treat a number
of medical problems, including chemotherapy-induced nausea and
vomiting in cancer patients. Two forms of marijuana have been used:
compounds related to the active chemical constituent of marijuana
taken by mouth and marijuana cigarettes. Dronabinol (Marinol), a
synthetic form of the active marijuana constituent
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is available by prescription for
use as an antiemetic. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has
approved its use for treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with
cancer chemotherapy in patients who have not responded to the standard
antiemetic drugs.

NCI scientists feel that other antiemetic drugs or combinations of
antiemetic drugs have been shown to be more useful than synthetic THC
as "first-line therapy" for nausea and vomiting caused by anticancer
drugs. Examples include drugs called serotonin antagonists, including
ondansetron (Zofran) and granisetron (Kytril), used alone or combined
with dexamethasone (a steroid hormone); metoclopramide (Reglan)
combined with diphenhydramine and dexamethasone; high doses of
methylprednisolone (a steroid hormone) combined with droperidol
(Inapsine); and prochlorperazine (Compazine). Continued research with
other agents and combinations of these agents is under way to
determine their usefulness in controlling chemotherapy-induced nausea
and vomiting. However, NCI scientists believe that synthetic THC may
be useful for some cancer patients who have chemotherapy-induced
nausea and vomiting that cannot be controlled by other antiemetic
agents. The expected side effects of this compound must be weighed
against the possible benefits. Dronabinol often causes a "high" (loss
of control or sensation of unreality), which is associated with its
effectiveness; however, this sensation may be unpleasant for some

Marijuana cigarettes have been used to treat chemotherapy-induced
nausea and vomiting, and research has shown that THC is more quickly
absorbed from marijuana smoke than from an oral preparation. However,
any antiemetic effects of smoking marijuana may not be consistent
because of varying potency, depending on the source of the marijuana
cigarette. To address issues surrounding the medical uses of
marijuana, the National Institutes of Health convened a meeting in
February 1997 to assess what is known about marijuana's therapeutic
potential and to identify what future research avenues would be most
productive. The group of experts concluded that more and better
studies are needed to fully evaluate the potential use of marijuana as
supportive care for cancer patients. One area that will be studied in
the near future is a smoke-free delivery system of marijuana's active
ingredient THC. Other areas to be studied are the risks associated
with marijuana use, including the effects on the lungs and immune
system, and the dangerous byproducts of smoked marijuana.

Anorexia and Cachexia

Anorexia, the loss of appetite or desire to eat, is the most common
symptom in cancer patients that may occur early in the disease or
later as the cancer grows and spreads. Cachexia is a wasting condition
in which the patient has weakness and a marked and progressive loss of
body weight, fat, and muscle. Anorexia and cachexia frequently occur
together, but cachexia may occur in patients who are eating an
adequate diet but have malabsorption of nutrients. Maintenance of body
weight and adequate nutritional status can help patients feel and look
better, and maintain or improve their performance status. It may also
help them better tolerate cancer therapy.

There are a variety of options for supportive nutritional care of
cancer patients including changes in diet and consumption of foods,
enteral or parenteral feeding (delivery of nutrients by tube), and the
use of drugs. Currently, an NCI-supported study is under way to
evaluate the effects of THC and megestrol acetate (a synthetic female
hormone) when used alone and in combination for cancer-related
anorexia and cachexia. The appetite, weight, and rate of weight change
among patients treated with THC will be compared to patients treated
with megestrol acetate or with both therapies. In addition,
researchers will evaluate the effect of the drugs alone or in
combination on nausea and vomiting and assess differences in the
quality of life among those patients who are treated with THC. The
toxic effects related to the use of the drugs will also be assessed.

# # #

Sources of National Cancer Institute Information

Cancer Information Service

Toll-free: 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237)
TTY: 1-800-332-8615

NCI Online


http://cancernet.nci.nih.gov and http://rex.nci.nih.gov

To obtain a contents list, send E-mail to
with the word "help" in the body of the message.

CancerFax-R fax on demand service

Dial 301-402-5874 and listen to recorded instructions.

Date Last Modified: 09/97



1. http://cancernet.nci.nih.gov/clinpdq/rehab/Marijuana_Use_in_Supportive_Care_for_Cancer_Patients.html#1
2. http://cancernet.nci.nih.gov/icichome.htm

GOP Proposes House Drug Testing ('Los Angeles Times'
Says US House Republicans Are Proposing A Rules Change
Requiring That A Quarter Of Members And Staff Be Tested
For Illegal Drug Use Four To Six Times Per Year)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 11:52:51 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: GOP Proposes House Drug Testing
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998


WASHINGTON--Republicans want all House members and their staffs subject to
random drug testing. The House's top Democratic believes the plan

Rep. Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., announced the proposal Thursday at a House
subcommittee hearing where the Clinton administration's drug policy
coordinator faced another day of sharp questioning from Republicans.

The proposed rules change must go before the full House for a vote. It
would tighten up the chamber's as-yet-unused current drug-testing policy,
which specifies testing only with agreement of both Democratic and
Republican leaders. GOP congressional aides said Democratic leader Richard
Gephardt never has consented. An aide to Gephardt said the Missouri
Democrat believes the rule is unnecessary.

"Every office is free to test their own staff," Gephardt spokesman Erik
Smith said. "We don't need any sweeping mandates placed on the House of

Rep. Gerald Solomon, R-N.Y., and Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, are formulating
the proposed plan, which would require that a quarter of members and staff
be tested for illegal drug use four to six times per year.

"We want to raise the level of awareness in the hearts and minds of the
American people," said Hastert, chairman of House Speaker Newt Gingrich's
week-old Task Force for a Drug-Free America.

Search the archives of the Los Angeles Times for similar stories. You will
not be charged to look for stories, only to retrieve one.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

More Schools Using Dogs To Sniff Out Drugs ('Washington Post'
Quotes Ronald Stephens, Director Of The National School Safety Center
In California, Who Says, 'We're Going To See The Use Of Drug Dogs Increasing
Dramatically Over The Next Few Years' - Increasingly, School Systems
Across The Country Rely On Private Companies For Dog-Sniffing Services -
One Of The Largest Such Firms, Interquest Group Inc.,
Has Contracted With More Than 350 School Districts In Texas, Michigan
And California)

Date: Sun, 29 Mar 1998 20:15:21 -0500
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: Richard Lake (rlake@mapinc.org)
Subject: MN: US: More Schools Using Dogs to Sniff Out Drugs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Mike Gogulski
Source: Washington Post
Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm
Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/
Pubdate: 27 Mar 1998
Author: Patricia Davis and Debbi Wilgoren

More Schools Using Dogs to Sniff Out Drugs

A growing number of educators in the Washington area and across the nation
are bringing drug-sniffing dogs into schools or are considering the idea as
a tool to combat the recent rise in teenagers' use of illegal drugs.

D.C. school officials launched an effort this month to search as many as
two high schools a week. The drug sweeps, conducted sporadically in the
past, were halted altogether a year ago when police canine teams were
ordered to focus on street crime.

In Montgomery County, police have sent a proposal to school officials
offering them the use of the dogs. And in Fairfax County, where the number
of drug sweeps at schools dropped after police began charging for the
service, some school officials say the county should provide extra funding
so that principals who want the random searches can afford them.

In such searches, trained dogs check lockers, restrooms and other common
areas of school buildings but do not sniff students. Supporters of the
sweeps say that although they rarely turn up illegal substances, they are a
powerful deterrent to drug use -- a dramatic statement to the student body
that drugs at school won't be tolerated.

"I see it as [sending] all kinds of positive messages," said Richard Doyle,
the hearing officer who oversees drug cases for the Fairfax school system.
"It says to students, 'I'm going to use all means to keep you safe.' "

But school principals, who usually make the final decision on whether to
invite the dogs, are divided on the tactic, according to police and school
officials. Some principals fear that the seizure of drugs could reflect
badly on them or their schools, school officials said. Other principals, as
well as some civil liberties groups, object because they find the checks
intrusive, although the use of dogs to search school property has been
upheld by the courts.

"We don't like it because it's snooping," said Arthur B. Spitzer, legal
director of the American Civil Liberties Union's Washington office. "It's a
form of government intrusion, in a place where we think people have a
reasonable expectation of privacy."

The sweeps are among several measures that officials across the country
have taken in response to the rise in the percentage of teenagers using
illegal drugs. Although recent surveys suggest that the percentage may be
leveling off, it remains substantially higher than it was at the beginning
of the 1990s.

Some districts have assigned uniformed officers to schools. Others have
added drug education programs or toughened penalties for drug possession
and sale on school property. In Miami, school officials recently approved
one of the nation's first voluntary drug-testing programs for high school

According to a recent study by the National Center on Addiction and
Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 76 percent of high school students
and 46 percent of middle school students said last year that drugs were
kept, used or sold at their schools. Students reported having seen more
drug deals at their schools than in their neighborhoods.

"The question is not whether kids are doing drugs at school. We already
know that," said Capt. Jim Charron, commander of the Fairfax police
department's youth services division. "The question is, how are principals
managing the problem? Some believe a hard-line stance is important. Others
believe it is a social issue, not a criminal issue," and should be handled
through other avenues, including drug counseling.

In the District, schools security director Patrick V. Fiel said he and
schools Chief Executive Julius W. Becton Jr. believed the dogs could be an
effective deterrent and successfully lobbied Interim Police Chief Sonya T.
Proctor to make the canine teams available again.

One of the first sweeps under the initiative occurred last week at the
former Hamilton school in Northeast Washington, which now houses several
alternative programs for disruptive youths. A dog found a small bag of
marijuana stashed in a radiator.

At a search earlier this month at Anacostia High School in Southeast, a dog
identified an odor at one site that suggested drugs had been stashed there
within the previous 72 hours, Fiel said.

Fiel said he expects some apprehension about the program from parents and
community leaders, who might envision large German shepherds backing
students up against a wall and sniffing at them. In reality, he said,
police and security officials will be checking lockers, bathrooms and
storage areas while students are in class. "Nowhere near the kids," he said.

Most police departments avoid using their dogs to search people because the
animals are trained to start scratching when they detect drugs, and also
because such searches would be more vulnerable to a legal challenge.

School and police officials acknowledge that many students keep their drugs
on their person, not in their lockers. And they are doing so in
increasingly creative places: under the tongues of tennis shoes, inside
underwear and between jacket linings. Still, the random checks of lockers
and bathrooms will make many youths think twice about bringing drugs to
school and may encourage other students to report suspicious activity,
several officials believe.

Conducting a drug sweep at a school requires a team of canine officers, and
many area police departments have to rely on other jurisdictions to help
them out.

Three months ago, police officers from four Northern Virginia jurisdictions
conducted a drug sweep at Bishop Denis J. O'Connell High School, a private
school in Arlington. No drugs were confiscated, although the dogs twice
found a lingering scent.

"You run the risk of a lot of kids getting caught," said the school's
principal, Alward V. Burch. "But I was willing to take that risk. At least
it would send a very strong message."

In Fairfax, most canine officers work the night shift, and county police,
to cut down on their overtime costs, last year began charging the schools
that ordered drug sweeps. The number of sweeps has plummeted since then,
police say, although they do not have figures available. That trend has
alarmed some school officials.

"We need to send a message loud and clear that drugs are not going to be
brought to school," said Fairfax School Board member Mychele B. Brickner
(At Large), who has requested more money for the anti-drug operations.

Michael J. Gough, director of the division of school security in
Montgomery, said that only two principals in that county have requested
drug sweeps in the last seven years. But the district is considering
expanding the practice, he said.

"There are ongoing discussions with the police department on all forms of
drug detection, including drug sweeps," Gough said. "It's a real good
deterrent if it's random, so it's a surprise to students or staff."

Increasingly, school systems across the country are relying on private
companies to provide the dog-sniffing service. One of the largest such
firms, Interquest Group Inc., has contracted with more than 350 school
districts in Texas, Michigan and California.

Michael P. Ferdinand, vice president of the company, said the dog teams
have found drugs as many as 2,000 times in a year. But the company also has
tracked a "significant reduction" over time in the amount of drugs seized
in schools that used the dogs regularly, he said.

Ronald Stephens, executive director of the National School Safety Center in
California, believes that more principals will decide to have drug sweeps
conducted at their schools.

"We're going to see the use of drug dogs increasing dramatically over the
next few years," Stephens said. "If we're going to require kids to attend
school, then we ought to be required to provide safe schools. I would want
to know the extent of the drug problem in my school."

(c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

Senate Rejects Move To Decertify Mexico As Drug-Fight Ally
('Dallas Morning News' Says The US Senate On Thursday Voted 54 To 45
To Reject An Effort To Brand Mexico An Uncooperative US Ally
In The War On Some Drug Users)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 11:17:11 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: Senate Rejects Move to Decertify Mexico as Drug-Fight Ally
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Source: Dallas Morning News
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Author: David LaGesse / The Dallas Morning News


WASHINGTON - The Senate on Thursday rejected an effort to brand Mexico an
uncooperative ally in the fight against drug trafficking.

The 54-45 vote came after only 90 minutes of debate, reflecting Congress'
lessened desire this year to challenge U.S. support of Mexico's anti-drug

The House, which last year voted to decertify Mexico as a cooperating ally,
this year is not expected to even debate the question.

But critics said Thursday that Mexico has lost ground over the past year
and has not progressed as the Clinton administration has said.

"The situation, by virtually any measurement, is worse now than it was a
year ago," said Sen. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga. "We are losing this struggle,
and it is not appropriate for us to say otherwise."

Mexico has not arrested any of its top traffickers, failed to extradite any
Mexican citizen to the United States on drug charges and failed to
participate in bilateral task forces, Mr. Coverdell said.

The Senate had until month's end to overturn President Clinton's decision
last month to certify Mexico as fully cooperating in the drug fight. U.S.
law requires the president to certify whether American allies are aiding in
anti-drug efforts.

Decertifying Mexico would have meant the loss of some U.S. benefits and a
loss of international prestige.

No senators offered glowing praise for Mexico, through which analysts say
traffickers move a majority of the illicit drugs consumed in the United
States. Most opponents of the decertification effort instead said they
preferred encouraging Mexico instead of confronting the country.

"The answer is not to make an enemy of Mexico," said Sen. Kay Bailey
Hutchison, R-Texas. "I don't think harsh rhetoric against our neighbors is
the way to do it."

Ms. Hutchison, who played a key role in derailing last year's effort to
decertify Mexico, again voted against the move. Sen. Phil Gramm, R-Texas,
voted to give Mexico a failing grade.

"We cannot continue a policy based solely on Mexico's good intentions and
America's hopes," he said.

Supporters of the administration's decision said Mexico has shown a new
willingness to attack traffickers, including legislation that has
strengthened its laws against organized crime and money laundering. Mexico
also rebuilt its counter-drug agency after the arrest last year of its top
official on corruption charges, said Sen. Christopher Dodd, D-Conn.

The arrest of the agency's chief, former Army Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo,
came just before the debate last year on certifying Mexico and spurred
sharp rebukes in Congress.

Mexico at least deserved credit for making the arrest "even though it was a
major embarrassment," Mr. Dodd said.

Mr. Dodd criticized a leak Thursday of U.S. intelligence that described
deep corruption in Mexico's military, which is playing a larger role in
that country's fight against the drug trade. The intelligence report was
described Thursday by The New York Times, which said the information gave
substance to allegations leveled by Mr. Rebollo in his trial last year.

Mr. Dodd said the allegations were "self-serving" on the part of Mr. Rebollo.

The administration has said it cannot verify Mr. Rebollo's allegations of
widespread drug corruption in the senior ranks of Mexico's army.

Other backers said Mexico has worked more closely with the United States,
crafting a binational strategy for fighting the drug trade and extraditing
more criminals to face trial in the United States.

But drug prices in the United States are falling, a sign that traffickers
enjoy growing success in moving their product through Mexico, critics said.

And most of the year's binational cooperation amounted to political
agreements worth little to the police waging the fight on the streets, said
Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., a sharp critic of Mexico's efforts.

"Handshakes between men and women in suits do not stop drug trafficking,"
she said.

Pelosi Blasts Fed Policy Against Needle Exchange ('San Francisco Examiner'
Notes US Representative Nancy Pelosi, A Democrat From San Francisco,
Joined In An Appeal By A Coalition Of House Democrats And Health Experts
To The Clinton Administration On Friday, Asking That The Ban
On Federal Funding For Needle Exchange Programs Be Lifted
When A Moratorium Ends Next Week)

Date: Sat, 28 Mar 1998 09:22:04 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: Pelosi Blasts Fed Policy Against Needle Exchange
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998


Cites S.F. program in anti-AIDS appeal for HHS funds

WASHINGTON - A coalition of House Democrats and health experts urged the
Clinton administration Friday to lift a ban on federal funding for needle
exchange programs when a moratorium ends next week.

Last year's Health and Human Services appropriation bill gave HHS Secretary
Donna Shalala authority to lift the moratorium on March 31, if the
department determines the exchange programs are effective in reducing the
spread of HIV and do not encourage the use of illegal drugs.

"The administration now has the science, the support and the authority to
move ahead with this life-saving intervention," said Nancy Pelosi, D-San
Francisco. "Secretary Shalala should exercise her authority and immediately
lift the ban on federal funding of needle exchange programs."

The representatives credited San Francisco's needle exchange program, among
100 programs in 40 states nationwide, with saving numerous lives by
reducing the spread of HIV through shared needles. About one-third of
reported AIDS cases were related to intravenous drug use as of June 1996,
said Lynn Woolsey, D-Petaluma.

"Congresswoman Pelosi and I are lucky to come from a place - the San
Francisco Bay Area - where people truly understand that when we are talking
about AIDS we are talking about an epidemic, not someone's narrow-minded
cultural war."

Support for needle exchange programs has grown in recent years. Last year
the National Institutes of Health published a consensus statement on HIV
intervention, throwing its support behind the programs.

"There is no longer doubt that these programs work," said the statement,
which also addressed whether they increase drug use. "A preponderance of
evidence shows either no change or decreased drug use."

Clinton drug czar Barry McCaffrey has opposed the program, saying the drug
use effects need more study. However, a 32-member White House advisory
panel on AIDS faulted the administration in December for failing to push
for the removal of the federal fund ban on needle exchanges.

Pelosi said needle-exchange programs not only save lives but are cost-effective.

"One needle costs 10 cents versus $100,000 in care for a person with AIDS,"
said Pelosi.

Edmonton Going To Pot ('Edmonton Sun' Article Syndicated In 'Toronto Sun'
Says Police In Edmonton, Alberta, Claim The Area Is Becoming A Major Exporter
Of Marijuana To British Columbia, The United States And Even Mexico)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 12:19:17 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: Canada: Edmonton Going To Pot
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Source: Toronto Sun (Canada)
Contact: editor@sunpub.com
Website: http://www.canoe.ca/TorontoSun/
Author: Ian McDougall, Edmonton Sun


Drug Exported To U.S. And Mexico

EDMONTON -- Edmonton is becoming a marijuana exporter as local drug
growers ship their illegal products to British Columbia, the U.S. and even
Mexico, local police are warning after their latest bust.

"The product that is being grown in this area is actually being exported
out of the province and out of the country as well," Staff Sgt. Nick Bok,
of the city drug control section, said yesterday.

On Wednesday, city police drug cops seized more than 350 hydroponically
grown marijuana plants, as well as oil and equipment totalling about
$400,000, after raiding three separate homes.


Five people face charges of producing a controlled drug, possession and

"It's a big problem in the city and it's a big problem in the province,"
Bok said. "And the Edmonton Police Service is not going to disregard this

Bok's seen reports that Alberta dope is getting shipped to other provinces
and the U.S. as home-grown dope becomes more popular and potent.

"I recall reading one report saying it's even going to Mexico, which is
completely the opposite of what was happening 10 or 15 years ago," he said.


Wednesday's bust was made after three months of surveillance. Hydroponic
operations can be set up almost anywhere and, when it comes to police
uncovering the dope crops, smaller is safer for growers, Bok said.

"The fewer plants, the harder it is to detect. The bigger operations are
easier for us to detect," he said.

Hydroponics has become increasingly popular over the past few years. The
dope fetches up to about $3,000 a pound.

"It's a freelance thing," Bok said. "People from all walks of society (sell
it). Some of these people are unemployed, some of these people have
legitimate jobs."

Lots Of Tokin' And Smokin' By Local Teens Above Provincial Average -
Study ('Hamilton Spectator' Says A New Survey Of 1,810 Students
In Grades 10 And Up By The Hamilton-Wentworth Public Health Department
Found 41 Per Cent Smoked Cigarettes Compared To 34 Per Cent
In The Rest Of Ontario, Canada, And 38 Per Cent Used Marijuana
Compared To 33 Per Cent Provincially - Alcohol Was Used
At Same Unspecified Rate As In The Rest Of The Province)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: Lots of tokin' and smokin' by local teens
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 08:26:57 -0800
Source: Hamilton Spectator (Ontario)
Contact: letters@spectator.southam.ca
Author: Suzanne Morrison, The Spectator

Friday 27 March 1998

Lots of tokin' and smokin' by local teens
Above provincial average: study

Tobacco and marijuana use among teenagers in Hamilton is significantly
higher than the provincial average.

A new survey of 1,810 students in grades 10 to OAC in six local
schools -- the largest sample of Hamilton youth ever surveyed -- also
revealed they are using these substances at an earlier age.

It found 41 per cent of Hamilton students are smoking cigarettes
compared to 34 per cent provincially.

And they are heavy smokers. For example, twice as many Hamilton
students (5.6 per cent) are smoking 20 cigarettes a day or more -- the
equivalent of one or two packs a day -- as their provincial
counterparts (2.1 per cent).

The same pattern is true for overall marijuana use -- 38 per cent
locally compared to 33 per cent provincially.

When the statistics are broken down, the greatest concern is 14- and
15-year-old students.

Thirty-eight per cent of Hamilton teenagers in this age group are
smoking, compared to 26 per cent provincially. Their marijuana use is
also significantly higher -- 32 per cent versus 24 per cent.

Tracey Taylor, co-ordinator of the health department's tobacco and
substance abuse prevention programs, calls it "a serious health issue
in our community."

"Youth are a particular concern because if they can get to 18 without
smoking cigarettes, the chances are that they never will. (When they
start young) they think they can stop, but, in reality, they become
lifelong smokers."

The study on student tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use released today
by the Hamilton-Wentworth public health department also found higher
cigarette and marijuana use among teenagers 18 and older.

It showed cigarette use was 42 per cent locally versus 35 per cent
provincially, and marijuana use was 38 per cent versus 34 per cent

Alcohol use was similar to provincial averages.

Jodi Thesenvitz, the health department's tobacco use prevention
co-ordinator, said, "it appears that, for some reason, we don't know,
the 14- (and) 15-year-old is definitely a high-risk category for all
the substances."

Anne Washington, the Lung Association's health education co-ordinator
for tobacco control issues, can't understand why Hamilton statistics
are so high. "Is it because there is insufficient work being done in
schools? advertising? lack of role models, or is it because youth is
experiencing different kinds of other lifestyle issues and maybe using
cigarettes as a coping mechanism? We need to find out why this is

Jan Marlin, executive director of Alternatives for Youth, which
counsels 13- to 25-year-olds, agrees the statistics on 14- and
15-year-olds are a concern. "When we see early initial use, that is
something that we want to address."

Dr. Marilyn James, Hamilton-Wentworth's medical officer of health,
presented the study to the regional community services and public
health committee yesterday.

She said the health department will be using the information to plan
health promotion programs for teens.

James said 14- and 15-year-olds are a particularly important age group
to target because they are still deciding whether or not to use
tobacco or drugs. Research has shown they are unlikely to start at all
if they don't start smoking before the age of 18.

Police Violate Supreme Court Ruling Again - Buffy's Hemp Store Raided,
Police Cite 462.2 ('Cannabis Canada' Notes Ontario Police
Have Raided Yet Another Hemp Store Under Cover Of A Voided Subsection
Of Canada's Criminal Code)

From: creator@hempbc.com (Cannabis Canada)
To: cclist@hempbc.com
Subject: CC: Police Violate Supreme Court Ruling Again
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 21:17:07 -0800
Sender: creator@hempbc.com
Reply-To: creator@hempbc.com

"Buffy's" hemp store raided - police cite 462.2

By Dan Loehndorf

Yet again, police have raided a hemp store in Ontario and seized
literature with an invalid search warrant, citing a defunct subsection,
462.2, of Canada's Criminal Code.

On the 20th of March, OPP and Stratford Police raided "Buffy's", a
Stratford, Ontario hemp store. According to the search warrant, the
store's owner was "... promoting illicit drug use by offering for sale
instruments and literature for illicit use contrary to 462.2".

Buffy Blue, the store's owner, recounts the raid: "They took everything.
They took pipes and bongs, copies of High Times and Cannabis Canada
[and] grow manuals on marijuana "

In 1994, Judge Ellen MacDonald of the General Division of the Ontario
Court of Justice (Ontario's Supreme Court) ruled that "The Canadian
Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees freedom of the press and
other media of communication. Accordingly, an order shall go out
severing the words 'or literature' from section 462.2 with the result
that the words are inoperative and have no force and effect "

Since Judge MacDonald's ruling, police have illegally raided and seized
literature from several hemp stores in Ontario. Either the judges and
JP s who approve such search warrants are incompetent and should be
replaced, or hemp stores are being intentionally harassed with invalid

Also among the items seized were barbecued industrial hemp seeds and
hemp for victory video tapes. Hemp products have been legal since an
amendment to the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act in 1995. " They
don t know that hemp is legal," said Buffy, "That's what astounded me."
Police also seized government information about industrial hemp.
Government information has never been subject to seizure by police.

A common tactic of police who harass hemp stores with unconstitutional
and invalid laws is to damage the stock they seize so that it is useless
even if hemp store owners manage to get it back. Buffy recounts how
police, " dropped the box with the bongs in it on the sidewalk."

Buffy was held in a jail cell for 3 hours under the 462.2 charges.
Invalid charges, vandalizism and false arrests are all par for the
course, but even the local Stratford paper, "The Beacon Herald", got
into the act. When police searched Buffy's store they found her pipe and
an empty sandwich bag with a little green particulate in the bottom.
They didn't charge her with possession of marijuana, as the amount was
way too small to even test. Yet, after a police "tip", the Beacon Herald
reported that "a quantity of narcotics and paraphernalia was seized from

"In the first 3 days since they took my stuff," says Buffy, "I've lost
at least 300 dollars. I've counted. People had the money in their hands,
and we didn't have the inventory to sell them.

"Before I opened the store I was living in complete poverty. I was
unemployed for a long time. When I opened this store I got a real break.
And I'm not on assistance anymore and I won't be as long as I have this

"I've been trying to get donations to help from suppliers, but haven't
gotten much. The Church of the Universe guys came and donated 50
posters..." Shakedown Street also fronted Buffy 220 dollars in stock.

Buffy's court date is April 20th, and she needs donations to help her
fight this injustice. Donations to help Buffy can be sent to her store
at 76 Wellington Street, Stratford, ON, N5A 2L2. Buffy can be contacted
at her home at (519) 275-2184 or, after May 15, at (519) 272-1998.


CClist, the electronic news and information service of CANNABIS CANADA,
"Canada's National Magazine of Marijuana & Hemp"


Subscribe to Cannabis Canada! Call 1-800-330-HEMP for info.
Write to: Suite 504, 21 Water St., Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6B 1A1
Visit Cannabis Canada online at http://www.cannabiscanada.com/

Pill Pusher An Old Hand ('Canadian Press' Says Winnipeg Police
Arrested A 74-Year-Old In A Senior Citizens' Home
For Selling Ritalin And Talwin, 'Commonly Known As The Poor Man's Heroin
When Mixed Together' - He Gets 18 Months' House Arrest
While 60-Year-Old Co-Defendant Goes To Prison For Five Years)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 08:30:55 -0800
Source: Toronto Sun
Section: Top Stories
Pubdate: March 27, 1998



WINNIPEG -- A 74-year-old man who trafficked prescription drugs from
his senior citizens' home has been handed a conditional sentence.

Valentine Nickart will be able to serve his 18-month sentence
confined to his apartment, Justice Deborah McCawley ruled.

The white-haired Korean War veteran, who suffers from a bad back,
knee problems and respiratory complications was found guilty in
November on six counts of trafficking Ritalin and Talwin, commonly
known as the poor man's heroin when mixed together.

His co-accused, Wilfred Hanchar, 60, got a five-year sentence. They
sold drugs to an undercover cop.

'World Tunes In To Street Party Of The Year' - As Thousands Head For London
Cannabis March (Britain's 'Independent' Publicises Tomorrow's March
Through London Sponsored By 'The Independent On Sunday'
In Support Of Cannabis Decriminalisation)

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 16:04:41 -0400 (AST)
Sender: Chris Donald 
From: Chris Donald 
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
cc: AIDS Coalition of Nova Scotia 
Subject: Canadian coverage: London(UK) decrim march


A Canadian news camera crew is reported to be in town to follow
the massive march in London for reforming the UK's mj laws:

>from http://marijuananews.com
reprinted from The Independent

"World Tunes In To Street Party Of The Year" --
As Thousands Head For London Cannabis March

March 27, 1998

See: London Police Expecting A Crowd "Between Five Sixteen Thousand"
For IoS Cannabis March On Saturday

The Independent, 1 Canada Square,
Canary Wharf, London E14 5DL England


Thousands are heading for tomorrow's march to back the
decriminalisation of cannabis. Graham Ball reports

It is going to be the best street party London has enjoyed for years.
Thousands of supporters of The Independent on Sunday's campaign
to decriminalise cannabis are heading for tomorrow's march
through the capital in carnival mood.

And despite the underlying seriousness of the issue, campaigners plan
to turn the march, from Hyde Park to Trafalgar Square, into more of a
celebration than a demonstration.

Sarah Russell, a mature student from Leeds, is one of hundreds who
rang our special march information line: "We have organised our own
coach and are hoping like mad that the weather is going to hold up
because we are determined to have a great time. It will be just like
one big party to be with so many like-minded campaigners ... saying it
loud and proud."

Yesterday columnist Charles Glass, writing in the Evening Standard,
urged Londoners to support the march. "I call on everyone who came out
for the countryside to return to the streets in the same cause:
freedom. From Marble Arch to Trafalgar Square, thousands of men, women
and children will parade to show the Government that those who smoke
marijuana should not be sent to prison for it. Smokers are not a
criminal minority, they are just ordinary people," he wrote.

However, unlike the Countryside Rally supporters, some of the cannabis
marchers might look more than a little bleary eyed. "A large number of
flyers have been distributed around the London club scene and quite a
number of enthusiasts have said they will go straight to Hyde Park
from their all-night parties," said a volunteer worker for Release,
the drugs charity.

Labour MP Paul Flynn who is trying to get cross-party support for
drug-law reform believes the march is already a success.
"Notwithstanding an earthquake or flood this march has already
achieved a great deal," said Mr Flynn who will speak at the Trafalgar
Square rally. "The extraordinary level of media interest that has
already been created by this march means that every household in
Britain will have the opportunity of discussing the subject of
cannabis and the law this weekend. As things stand, the three major
parties are conspiring to stifle debate on this subject. There is one
simple message to get across and that is decriminalisation works,
prohibition does not work."

Supporters are not just rallying in Britain. This week news of the
Independent on Sunday march went international, creating a buzz of
home and overseas media activity. Canadian television is in London to
cover the march and an Italian radio station is going to transmit
coverage of the whole of tomorrow's event live. There are even
plans to broadcast the march on the Internet. Preliminary television
interviews with some of the speakers have already been syndicated
internationally, and Australian radio and the BBC World Service have
also featured the march in their news coverage.

"The message seems to have got out into the wider world this week. We
have had dozens of calls from Europe. One group of individuals from
Paris rang to ask which was the nearest tube for Hyde Park as they
were coming over on Eurostar for the day," said Chris Brown who has
been working on the march information phone line this week.

Other groups are expected from Holland, Belgium and France. A strong
delegation is expected from Rome to support Marco Pannella the founder
of the Italian Radical Party and veteran campaigner for drug-law
reform. After the march Mr Pannella is planning his own press

Others will be going to the special after-march party organised by
Hempology at the Cloud Nine club in London SE1. Doors open at 10 pm
and will feature a guest appearance of Trafalgar Square speaker Howard
Marks who is to DJ into the early hours.


The campaign to decriminalise cannabis has won backing from some of
Britain's liveliest minds. Anita Roddick, founder of the Body
Shop ethical cosmetics chain, spoke movingly at the seminar on
decriminalisation organised by The Independent on Sunday last

Recently, she announced her chain of shops would introduce a range of
beauty products based on hemp-seed extracts - drawing the wrath of
former Tory Home Office Minister Anne Widdecombe.

Richard Branson, the entrepreneur businessman, has lent his name and
backing to the campaign. Sir Paul McCartney, while supportive, has
preferred to play a low-profile role in the campaign.

The visual arts have been represented by film directors Mike Leigh and
Peter Greenaway. Fay Weldon, A N Wilson and Nick Hornby are among a
host of leading writers to back the campaign. Prominent medical
supporters include Dr Philip Robson, consultant psychiatrist at the
Warneford Hospital, and Professor Steven Rose, director of the Brain
and Behaviour Research Group at the Open University.
For march information ring: 0181-964 2692.

from http://www. marijuananews.com

Gangs Sell Drugs In Clubs (Britain's 'Times' Says The Home Office
Has Announced That Beginning In May, Authorities Will Have The Right
To Order The Immediate Closure Of Nightclubs
Where Police Have Found 'Evidence' Of 'Drugs' Or 'Dealing')

Date: Fri, 27 Mar 1998 15:03:11 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: UK: Gangs Sell Drugs In Clubs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" 
Pubdate: Fri, 27 Mar 1998
Source: Times The (UK)
Contact: letters@the-times.co.uk
Website: http://www.the-times.co.uk/
Author: Richard Ford, Home Correspondent


GANG members are working as door staff at dance clubs to make sure that
they dominate the drug-dealing inside, a Office report says. Club owners
and honest doormen face intimidation and violence if they get in the way.

The report was issued as local authorities were being given greater powers
to curb suspect clubs. The Home Office announced that a new right for
authorities to order the immediate closure of clubs where police have found
evidence of drugs or dealing would take effect from May. Some door staff
are serving as drug wholesalers, suppling the substances sold by a network
of people on the dancefloor. Others are intimidated or bribed to turn a
blind eye. Only a minority of door staff are involved, says the study,
Clubs, Drugs and Doormen, which highlights activities in Liverpool and
Newcastle upon Tyne.

In Liverpool, the police found that 49 door supervisors were of interest to
them: nine had previous convictions for drugs; 28 had convictions for
violence; 27 had charges pending, including three attempted murders and two
murders. A registered security firm took control of a large section of door
supervision through bribery, intimidation and attacks on those who refused
to leave. Once in control, the criminals behind the firm moved to dominate
drug dealing in premises they were supposed to be protecting.

Any licensee who refused to accept their services was threatened with

The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue Number 35
(The Drug Reform Coordination Network's News Summary For Activists
Features 12 Original Articles Including - URL For Moyers'
Television Documentary On Addiction; Campus Club
Advocating Marijuana Law Reform Denied Recognition By University President;
Penn State Professor Appears At Hearing - Continues Protest;
DRCNet Special Report - Colombian Situation Worsens - US Military
Involvement Stepped Up - Backsliding Toward A Quagmire?
Classified DEA Report Says Drug Corruption In Mexican Military
More Serious Than Previously Believed)

Date: Sun, 29 Mar 1998 16:55:43 EST
Originator: drc-natl@drcnet.org
Sender: drc-natl@drcnet.org
From: DRCNet (manager@drcnet.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (drc-natl@drcnet.org)
Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #35

A number of our subscribers have reported not receiving
file 1 of Issue #35 of The Week Online. Please accept our
apology for this inconvenience, which was purely due to
technical reasons. Note that the entire issue is now
online at http://www.drcnet.org/rapid/1998/3-27.html --
let us know what you think of our new look.

In the issue, we forgot to mention the PBS five-installment
series, Moyers on Addiction: Close to Home. It begins
tonight, 3/29, and runs through Tuesday. According to the
series' web site, http://www.pbs.org/wnet/closetohome/,
the schedule is as follows: PORTRAIT OF ADDICTION, 3/29,
9pm, THE HIJACKED BRAIN, 3/29, 10pm, CHANGING LIVES, 3/30,
ADDICTION, 3/31, 10pm. (These listings are Eastern
Standard Time. Times may vary from location to location,
so check your local listings.) The final installment is
rumored to be a fairly positive look at the war on drugs
and alternatives.



(To sign off this list, mailto:listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or

mailto:drcnet@drcnet.org for assistance. To subscribe to
this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.)



Medical Marijuana Protest in Pasadena, CA, Monday,
3/30, 11:00-11:45am. Full announcement to go out
to Cal. subscribers this weekend -- in the meantime,
info online at http://www.insightweb.com/medmj.gif


To our subscribers: A few of you reported last week that on
trying to open Issue #34 of The Week Online, their e-mail
programs froze up. This may have been due to the length of
the issue, though it may have been due to other technical
problems. That issue can be viewed in full on our web site
archive at http://www.drcnet.org/rapid/1998/3-20.html.
There was some important material there, so please take a
few moments to at least browse the table of contents, if you
didn't get to read it last week. We will make it a point to
divide up the e-mail postings into two parts, when they are
especially long. Please accept our apology for the

Our appeal for funds and members has gone extremely well --
already netting over $3,500 in much needed operating funds.
But we still need 30 more new paying members to reach our
goal of 750 by the end of the month. (Our total number of
e-mail subscribers is over 4,700.) If you haven't yet sent
in your $25 annual membership (or $10 for virtual, e-mail-
only membership), we need your help! If we can meet our
stated goals, then our funders will feel encouraged that
DRCNet is an organization that can make it in the big
leagues. Hence, your small checks will turn into big money
for the movement. Send them to: DRCNet, 2000 P St., NW,
Washington, DC 20036, or use our secure form at

http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html for credit card donations
or call them in to (202) 293-8340 or fax to (202) 293-8344.
Extra donations from new and current members are also needed
and are greatly appreciated.

Copies of Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts are still
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Please note that contributions to DRCNet are not tax-
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more than three weeks ago, but haven't received your copy
yet, please let us know -- e-mail to drcnet@drcnet.org with
the subject line "MMMF" or "Marijuana Myths, Marijuana



Still time to contact your congressional representative










12. EDITORIAL: War crimes and quagmires... how low can we
go, and where are we headed?



On Tuesday 3/17, a meeting took place between National AIDS
Policy Director Sandra Thurman and Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey
over the issue of syringe exchange, and the ban on the use
of federal anti-AIDS funds for their implementation. The
meeting was held in the wake of the "no-confidence"
resolution released earlier that day by the Presidential
Advisory Commission on HIV/AIDS

The result of that meeting was a letter, sent by McCaffrey
to Thurman, indicating the Drug Czar's strong opposition to
the lifting of the ban. While insiders had been aware for
some time of McCaffrey's opposition, he had never directly
made his feelings public. The letter, however, was leaked
both to members of Congress and to the New York Times, which
ran a story on it on Sunday (3/22). McCaffrey's now-public
opposition to lifting the ban is seen by proponents as a
serious blow to the chances that Secretary of Health and
Human Services Donna Shalala will make the determination, a
prerequisite for lifting the ban, that syringe exchange
slows the spread of AIDS without a concomitant rise in drug
use. This despite overwhelming scientific support for the

Robert Fogel, a member of the President's Advisory
Commission told The Week Online: "The joint statement issued
by AIDS Policy Director Sandra Thurman and Drug Czar Barry
McCaffrey indicates that they will leave it in the hands of
HHS Secretary Donna Shalala to decide whether or not to make
the required determination. This is just as it has been.
Secretary Shalala has assured the commission that her office
is almost finished with their review, and that her
determination would be based on the science, and not on the
politics surrounding the issue. At this point, we have
faith that those assurances were made honestly. We await
the Secretary's determination."

(In 1995, the National Academy of Sciences and Institute of
Medicine released a landmark report, Preventing HIV
Transmission: The Role of Sterile Needles and Bleach.
Preventing HIV Transmission can be ordered from amazon.com,
and DRCNet will earn 15% of the purchase price (on that book
alone, if you follow the link directly from


- Barrington Daltrey for DRCNet

The use of juveniles by law enforcement agencies pursuant to
plea bargains has come under scrutiny in California this
week. How extensive is the practice? No one knows, since
the records of such agreements are subject to the privacy
laws protecting juveniles.

Earlier in the week, Southern California was shocked by the
disclosure that the death of Chad McDonald, a 17 year old
boy, and the brutal rape and attempted murder of his 15 year
old girlfriend, might have resulted from the Brea police
department's use of the boy as an informant. The Brea police
department steadfastly denies any involvement, pointing out
the incident took place in Norwalk, an area outside the Brea
P.D.'s jurisdiction. But an attorney for the youth's mother
claims that she allowed her son to act as an informant in
return for having him released into her custody. The
attorney also has stated that the mother tried to send the
boy to relatives on the east coast in order to get him away
from the streets of L.A., but that the Brea police wouldn't

allow it. "They kept wanting more and more" from him, she

Coverage of the incident began after the discovery early in
the month of the boy's body in an alley in South Central
L.A., and discovery of the girl, left for dead, in the
nearby mountains. The most recent disclosures came after
the girl recovered from her injuries sufficiently to discuss
what had happened.

Lloyd Charton, attorney for Cindy MacDonald, the boy's
mother, was widely quoted as suggesting the two minors had
entered a "drug den" in Norwalk in order to please Brea PD
supervisors. It was reported that the boy, Chad MacDonald,
had agreed to work as an informant in the course of a plea
agreement in juvenile court.

Brea P.D. Chief Bill Lentini has indicated his department
was not involved in the Norwalk incident and expressed
frustration at his inability to comment further due to the
privacy laws concerning juvenile court proceedings. In
fact, according to Lentini, his department filed a petition
for review in the Orange County Superior Court, Juvenile
Division on March 25, 1998. The petition seeks
authorization to discuss the matter with the press.

The unanswered question is what specific court orders were
imposed upon Chad MacDonald in trade for his release from
the system. It should be noted that under California law,
juveniles are not "prosecuted", but made "wards of the
court" in order to protect them. Release of the court
documents might provide insight into just how the court
intended to rehabilitate and protect MacDonald. Did it
in fact approve a plea bargain whereby MacDonald would be
involved in undercover narcotics investigations, as alleged?

Unfortunately, the answer to this question remains shrouded
by the secrecy laws designed to protect minors from
disclosure of their wrongdoing. The documents remain in the
court file, marked "confidential."

(Jerome Miller, of the National Center on Institutions and
Alternatives, made an interesting several page discussion of
the unintended consequences of the use of information, in
his book Search and Destroy: African-American Males in the
Criminal Justice System -- a book which contais a wealth of
statistical and qualitative information on the impact of
crime and the war on crime and drugs. Purchase Search and
Destroy from amazon.com, and DRCNet will earn 15% of your
purchase (only on this book, not on other books you may
purchase in the same visit). Just follow the link from
http://www.drcnet.org/rapid/1998/3-27.html#miller, and
DRCNet will automatically be credited for your purchase.)


- Marc Brandl for DRCNet

"Operation Rockfest", an undercover investigation by the
Plano, Texas police to battle a growing heroin epidemic,
netted 84 cases against 33 adults and four juveniles. The
operation was considered a success, but some citizens have
become outraged at how the police attained their results.
One of the juveniles busted by "Rockfest" was Jonathan
Kollman, now 17, who is a recovering heroin addict. Before

Jonathan was arrested, undercover officers drove him six
separate times to a heroin dealer, gave him cash for the
drug, and then allowed him to consume the controlled
substance. Before Jonathan succumbed to the undercover
officer's offer, he had tested negative for drugs 12 times
and was enrolled in drug treatment and family counseling.
Plano, an affluent community of just under 200,000 people,
has been the source of more than a dozen teen heroin
overdoses in the last 18 months. The Plano Chief of Police,
reacting to the story told the Dallas Morning News "We...
are confident this investigation was handled in a
professional manner." The Kollman family disagrees and has
hired a lawyer who is requesting a grand jury investigation
of possible criminal conduct by the undercover officer. The
family is also considering a lawsuit. Jonathan's father,
Victor Kollman, aware of the fatal overdose potential, told
the Dallas Morning News, "I just can't understand how they
would put him in danger of that."

Notes from the undercover officer show she knew of
Jonathan's heroin use. "I stopped, and Jonathan went into
the building to use the one cap of chiva. Jonathan returned
to my vehicle and said that this heroin was better than the
last heroin we bought." Jonathan has now reentered a drug
rehabilitation program.

"This is a perfect illustration of the craziness of the war
on drugs," Al Robinson, Executive Director of the Drug
Policy Forum of Texas, and a retired professor of
pharmacology, told The Week Online. "Police officers should
be protecting kids, not hooking them on drugs."

(The Drug Policy Forum of Texas is online at



Article reprinted with permission of Dale Gieringer, Cal.
NORML, canorml@igc.apc.org, http://www.norml.org/canorml/

SAN FRANCISCO, March 24, 1998: Medical marijuana advocates
beat back the government's efforts to obtain an injunction
against California's cannabis clubs today, as U.S. District
Judge Charles Breyer called for further arguments to be
submitted on April 16th. Breyer indicated that he would
render some sort of decision thereafter.

Earlier in the day, medical marijuana supporters were
blessed by a break in the rainy weather, allowing patients,
providers, and sympathizers from around the state to gather
for a rally and protest march under sunny skies in San
Francisco. Addressing the rally were S.F. District
Attorney Terence Hallinan, West Hollywood Mayor Steve
Martin, S.F. Supervisors Gavin Newsom and Tom Ammiano, and
representatives of Rep. Nancy Pelosi and Oakland City
Councilman Nate Miley.

At the court hearing, Judge Breyer repeatedly expressed
skepticism about the government's sweeping claims of
supremacy in the face of opposition from 56% of California
voters, the mayors of four cities, and amicus briefs from
S.F. District Attorney Hallinan, the city of Oakland,
and the town of Fairfax.

Breyer posed a series of probing questions to the

(1) What evidence is there that Congress considered medical
use of marijuana in enacting the Controlled Substances Act?

(2) How is interstate commerce affected by the clubs'
(3) Do the intrastate activities of the clubs have such a
close relation to interstate commerce that they must fall
under the CSA?

4) Has the government ever invoked this section of the CSA
to enjoin action that was legal under state law?

(5) Is there a case for controversy if all the facilities
are closed?
(6) The government alleges that the clubs' activities are
not protected by 215. If they were totally within 215,
would the government still ask for an injunction?

(7) What efforts if any are being made to evaluate marijuana
for reclassification to Schedule II?

Federal attorney Mark Quinlivan insisted that Proposition
215 had no bearing on the case, since state law is
superseded by federal authority. He said that courts have
ruled that there is no substantive due process right to any
particular form of medicine, citing a case involving the
purported cancer cure Laetrile. Asked by Judge Breyer
whether there might not exist a fundamental right to relief
from extreme pain, Quinlivan replied that only individual
patients, not clubs, would have standing to make this
argument. He said that the defendants could seek redress by
petitioning the government to re-schedule marijuana.

Asked by Breyer whether it would be sufficient simply to
enjoin the clubs from engaging in interstate commerce in
marijuana, Quinlivan insisted that Congressional findings
specifically mandate that all commerce and distribution be

Defense attorney William Panzer likened the government's
argument to maintaining that the world is flat, accusing it
of engaging in an "arbitrary and capricious" conspiracy to
cover up the facts. Defense attorney Carl Shapiro argued
that Section 903 of the CSA allows states to pass their own
laws regarding controlled substances, so long as there is no
"positive conflict" with federal law.

In a forceful and elegant presentation, Santa Clara Univ.
Professor Gerald Uelmen argued that Section 903 permits
state and federal laws to be reconciled. In particular, he
argued that the clubs' activities do not constitute
distribution, as maintained by the government, but "joint
purchase for consumption," which is equivalent to possession
under the CSA. Insofar as the government is asking to
enjoin distribution, not possession, Prof. Uelmen invited
the court to issue an injunction against distribution with
the understanding that cooperative purchase by medical
marijuana patients not be included.

In another impressive presentation, defense attorney Tony
Serra argued that the government's case was irrevocably
soiled by its own "dirty hands," that is, the unethical
tactics used to enforce its laws. Appearing as an amicus of
the court, San Franciso District Attorney Terence Hallinan
argued that closure of the clubs would be harmful to

public health and safety. (Hallinan's amicus brief was
joined by the city of Oakland and a separate brief by the
town of Fairfax). Hallinan declared that he favored keeping
the clubs open or, failing that, that any injunction be
tailored so as to permit distribution of medical marijuana
by the city.

Medical marijuana supporters were heartened by the day's
proceedings, sensing that Judge Breyer was in no way
predisposed to granting the government carte blanche to shut
off distribution of medical marijuana.



House Resolution 372, a "sense of the house" resolution
which would proclaim Congress' adamant opposition to the
legalization of marijuana for medicinal use, will not be
voted on this week, as was originally scheduled. Instead,
lawmakers have put off the vote until sometime after they
return from spring recess on April 21.

Many DRCNet subscribers wrote to their representatives in
response to our Alert, which can be found at
http://www.drcnet.org/rapid/1998/3-18-1.html. If you have
not yet done so, you now have almost another month to voice
opposition. The resolution itself is laden with
misinformation and circular reasoning. You can read it
online, on the web site of the Marijuana Policy Project at
http://www.mpp.org/HRes372.html. You might also want to
take this opportunity to pay a visit to your Congressional
representative while he or she is at their home office
during this recess. Personal visits are the most effective
way to get your rep's attention. If you do, please drop us
a note to let us know how it went at drcnet@drcnet.org and
thanks for making a difference!


- Troy Dayton for DRCNet

The newly formed Rochester Cannabis Coalition (RCC), an
organization dedicated to educating the public about the
need for marijuana law reform, is being denied club
recognition by the President of Rochester Institute of
Technology (RIT) on the grounds that it would "send the
wrong message". While the club's constitution explicitly
states that it does not condone drug use, RIT President,
Albert Simone, claimed in a letter to RCC President, Shea
Gunther, that "the recognition of the Rochester Cannabis
Coalition as an official RIT club will be interpreted by
students and the general public as RIT officially condoning
the use of drugs on this campus."

"Simone is denying us because he does not agree with what we
have to say. He does not want to send the wrong message,
well, now he is sending the message that students cannot
make decisions," stated Shea Gunther in a written response
to the President's letter.

Two weeks ago, Shea Gunther met with President Simone and
his advisor to discuss the matter. Shea left the meeting
when his advisor asked "what's to stop a club from
advocating date rape?" "They couldn't understand the
difference between advocating a change in public policy, and
advocating drug use. We were just going in circles," said


Simone goes on to claim in the letter that recognizing the
RCC will cause drug dealers who sell marijuana and other
drugs to target RIT campus. The Week Online asked William
McKee, the director of RIT University News Services if this
assertion is backed up by experiences on any of the over
twenty campuses that currently have recognized drug policy
reform groups. He could not point to any evidence.

Richard Cowan, editor of Marijuana News, said that Simone's
letter uses the costs of marijuana prohibition to justify
its position. "It explicitly recognizes that marijuana is
sold in the same distribution channels with hard drugs by
criminal elements. It is cited as a reason not to recognize
a group that advocates the only way to end it." The
complete text of the letter is available at the Marijuana
News site, http://www.marijuananews.com.

The RCC is currently collecting signatures for a petition to
reverse Simone's decision. "Most students take extreme
offense to Dr. Simone's blatant overruling of the will of
the students, even if they disagree with our goals," said
Gunther. They are also drafting a letter to the Board of
Trustees that has the power to overrule President Simone.

"The drug war depends upon stifling discussion of
alternative policies. We are not going to give up. We will
fight until we get recognition," said Gunther.

DRCNet is currently in discussions with the RCC as well as
other activist groups to determine the most effective way to
impact the situation. Please expect a DRCNet Alert on the
topic in the coming week.

You can contact Shea Gunther at gun@pongo.filament.net.
Students and other members of campus communities are invited
to join our national campus-based drug policy discussion
list. To do so, send a message to U-net-request@drugtext.nl
with the line "join U-net" in the body of the message.



On Thursday (3/25) Professor Julian Heicklen and three other
anti-prohibition advocates were ordered to stand trial for
offenses stemming from the Feb. 12 "Smoke Out" at the
Pennsylvania State University. Prof. Heicklen, Andrew
Burke, Jennifer Corbett and Ken Keltner had their
Preliminary Hearings at the Centre County Courthouse in
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania. Heicklen and Burke each had
separate hearings while Corbett's and Keltner's cases were
heard together.

Heicklen, who wants a jury trial to nullify the marijuana
laws, is challenging not only the drug war but also the
manner in which criminal defendants are treated by the
courts, demanding that he be accorded "basic human

Heicklen walked out of the courthouse last week (3/18) when
it became obvious that his scheduled 1:00pm hearing wouldn't
take, place till much later. He was arrested a few hours
later and although the "Failure to Appear" charge was
dropped, he is planning to sue District Justice Alan
Sinclair for false arrest for issuing the Bench Warrant.

This week, however, Judge Sinclair called Heicklen's case at
1:27pm, just three minutes before Heicklen's self-imposed
deadline. After the judge told the Commonwealth to proceed,
Heicklen interrupted, introduced himself and asked the Judge
and the prosecutor to introduce themselves. The judge
complied with Heicklen's request and instructed the
prosecutor to do likewise. The prosecutor reluctantly

Heicklen then asked Judge Sinclair to recuse himself because
Sinclair had issued the Bench Warrant from the previous week
and therefore would not give him a fair and impartial trial.
Sinclair denied the motion that he recuse himself.

After several other motions were denied, Heicklen, though
representing himself, sat mute throughout the remainder of
the hearing, ignoring Judge Sinclair's offer to cross
examine the police officers and make a closing argument.

Jennifer Corbett and Ken Keltner had their hearing next and
were represented by State College attorney Joseph Devecka.
They are charged with possession of paraphernalia.

On Thursday (3/26,) the day after the hearing, Heicklen and
co-defendant Alan Gordon once again smoked pot in front of a
crowd of about 125 supporters and four pro-drug-war counter

No one was arrested, but the Penn State Police were present,
and they confiscated a joint from Heicklen. Penn State
Police said that they will test Heicklen's joint as well as
one they confiscated at last week's rally. If the tests
come back positive for marijuana, police said they would
cite Heicklen for two counts of possession.

Prof. Heicklen told the crowd that "Magistrate Sinclair has
trampled on the U.S. Constitution and denied us our basic
legal rights. He has committed treason. We will continue
our Smoke Outs and make our case in the streets..."

Heicklen later told the Week On Line that if necessary he
will take his demonstrations to the Bellefonte Courthouse,
the Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg, and the
Capitol Building in Washington, DC. The Professor also said
that he has been contacted by anti-drug-war activists from
the Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Oklahoma University,
and the University of Texas at Austin. "I've been holding
them back. I told them they should wait (until the next
school year) and learn from our mistakes."



Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, the NBA's leading all-time scorer,
known and feared for his patented and nearly indefensible
sky-hook, was detained at the border as he tried to re-enter
the US last week (3/20) while carrying 6 grams of marijuana
in a glass vial. A drug-sniffing dog was credited with
detecting the pot. The 7'1" ex-center, a California
resident, claimed that the marijuana was for medicinal use,
and that his doctor has recommended it for migraine

Jabbar was detained for several hours while his name was
entered into a customs database and was released. No
charges were filed, although he was fined $500 by U.S.
customs. It is unclear at this time whether or not he will
be allowed to re-enter Canada in the future.



With the rout last week of an elite squad of the Colombian
army by rebel forces who control much of the southern half
of the country, both President Ernesto Samper and the
Colombian military have conceded that they cannot win the
three decades-old civil war by themselves. In response to
recent developments, the Dallas Morning News (3/17) reports
that the U.S. has recently doubled the number of military
advisors stationed there. According to The DMN, the U.S.
now has 223 military personnel in Colombia. This doesn't
include the unknown numbers of DEA, CIA and other federal
agents in the region.

US military aid to Colombia, in the form of both hardware
and manpower, is supposed to be used for anti-narcotics
operations, rather than in the military's ongoing conflict
with southern rebels. "I suppose everyone knows that U.S.
assistance to Colombia is strictly for the fight against
drug trafficking," James Rubin, a State Department spokesman
told the Associated Press. But those distinctions are
difficult, if not impossible to make and enforce.

General Manuel Jos Bonett, Colombian armed forces commander
stated last December: "For me, all of those in the FARC (the
largest and most powerful rebel faction) are narco-
guerrillas because they live off the drug trade."

For his part, FARC commander Fabian Ramirez told Reuters'
Television, "All the aid to the Colombian army, both
economic and military, is being directed against the
guerrillas. In most of the battalions, there are US army
advisors helping to fight the guerrillas."

And the U.S. military has been aware of the problem for some
time. In a memo dated April 8, 1994, Staff Judge Advocate
Warren D. Hall of U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM) told
the Defense Department, "USSOUTHCOM is vulnerable to
criticism because of the similarities inherent in the
counterdrug and counter-insurgency efforts in Colombia... It
is unrealistic to expect the military to limit use of the
equipment to operations against narcotraffickers."

Several issues complicate the picture. First, the Colombian
military's record on human rights has drawn widespread
criticism, forcing the US to withhold several shipments of
military hardware until the army can find a unit with a
clean record. But aid flows from numerous sources,
including direct aid, regional aid and defense draw-downs,
not all of which are subject to such restrictions. Carlos
Salinas, Latin American program officer for Amnesty
International, told the Christian Science Monitor (1/16/98)
"I doubt anybody really knows how many different programs
result in the transfer of military equipment and assistance
to Colombia." According to a letter sent by Salinas to the
Washington Post (12/29/97), "since 1989, Colombia has been
the number one recipient of US security assistance in the
Western hemisphere."

The second complicating factor are the right wing
paramilitaries, who often work with, and sometimes do the
bidding of, the Colombian army. These are generally private
groups, but they too are profiting off of the drug trade.
Francisco Thoumi, one of the world's renowned experts and
author of several books on the situation in Colombia, told
The Week Online, "The guerrillas and the paramilitaries are
essentially fighting each other for control of the trade."
The paramilitary groups have also been blamed for numerous
massacres of civilians, and in a number of cases it has been
reported that the military was aware of or complicit in
these actions, some of which went on over several days.

Finally, it is in no way clear that the Colombian government
or its military are themselves independent from the drug
trade, which seems to overshadow Colombia's legitimate
economy. According to the U.S. government, President Samper
himself received over $6 million in campaign funds from
traffickers. While he was acquitted of those charges by a
loyal legislature, his hand-picked successor, a strong
contender in this August's election, Horacio Serpa, is also
believed by many U.S. officials to be corrupt. Francisco
Thoumi likens Serpa to "a typical American local politician.
To Serpa, all politics is local. He has a constituency and
he knows how to get elected."

The recent buildup of American forces in Colombia, and the
worsening situation for the government and the military, has
drawn concern about the possible implications of U.S.
policy. According to the Dallas Morning News, at least two
separate congressional hearings have been scheduled to
address the issue.

An unidentified Republican staffer told the DMN, "Right now
we're backing into (the conflict) by default. One way or
another, you're increasing your presence there. You're
increasing the level of equipment, you're increasing the
level of personnel. We're putting our people in harm's way,
and you can't do that without having a clear idea of your
policy." Coletta Youngers of the Washington Office on Latin
America told DMN, "You can look at case after case over
history where the U.S. gets involved and then slides down
this slippery slope, from Vietnam to Central America."

But some legislators seem eager to increase American
involvement in Colombia. In a report issued last Thursday
(3/19), Rep. Ben Gilman (R-NY) said that the army's most
recent defeat "signals the military situation for the fate
of Latin America's oldest democracy may be lost. The narco-
guerrillas now have only one institution standing between
them and a full-blown 'narco-state' - the Colombian National

But getting involved militarily in Colombia might not be
such a good idea. Joseph Miranda, author and former
instructor at the American School for Special Warfare, told
The Week Online, "People don't realize how difficult and how
dangerous it would be to send American troops into the rain
forests of Latin America. Colombia is far larger than
Vietnam, and the guerrillas seem to be well-financed, with
the ability to buy off a lot of people whom we would
otherwise assume are our allies. Plus, since the Colombian
military has shown over several decades that it can't
control the region, there would seem to be no end-game. If
we left and handed the region back to the Colombians there
is little to assure us that the situation would not revert.
Would we end up chasing people, following them into Peru,
Ecuador, Brazil? I would also note that our military is not
set up to operate in the high Andes. Ironically, it's
likely that the only way that our troops could sustain
themselves at the altitude would be to chew coca, like the
locals do. We also would have to seriously consider the
likely reaction throughout Latin America of an invasion by

That reaction, the potential anti-American backlash, seems
to be something that the rebels are counting on. FARC
commander Ramirez told Reuters that the rebels will begin to
target U.S. embassy personnel as "military objectives". He
claimed that "it is clear that Colombian rage will explode
at any moment, and the objective will be to defeat the

Francisco Thoumi told The Week Online, "It's not clear that
a simple increase in military aid will cause a great
backlash. But if America decides to send fighting troops
in, look out. The reaction will be strongly anti-American,
and not only in Colombia, but across Latin America." Thoumi
added, "The problem, it seems to me, is that America has an
empire without an imperialistic mentality. By our sheer
size and strength we must lead in the world, but instead, we
only react. Our leaders seem to respond only to the demands
of local constituents, which makes us very reactive on the
global stage. It is a very dangerous situation for America,
and for the world."

*Additional information for this article was taken from The
Weekly News Update on the Americas, published weekly by the
Nicaragua Solidarity Network of Greater New York, 339
Lafayette St, New York, NY 10012, 212-674-9499,
wnu@igc.apc.org. The Washington Office on Latin America is
online at http://www.wola.org. Joseph Miranda is the
author of War on Drugs: Military Perspectives and Problems,
written for DRCNet, http://www.drcnet.org/military/.



According to the New York Times (3/26), a classified DEA
report suggests that ties between the Mexican army and drug
traffickers are more pervasive than had been believed. The
Times quotes unnamed U.S. officials who said it is now
believed that the arrest last year of Mexico's "Drug Czar"
Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo followed secret meetings
between traffickers and Mexican officers at which protection
payments were discussed. One official told the Times, "The
bottom line is that all this goes deeper than we thought."
Another was quoted as saying "it points to much of our work
in Mexico being an exercise in futility." The Mexican army
has been counted on more and more in recent years for anti-
narcotics work because US officials believed that the
country's police force was too deeply corrupt to be trusted.



The March 21 issue of the British medical journal Lancet
reports that the Swiss government is "irritated" at the
World Health Organization (WHO) for delays in evaluating the
success of the Swiss heroin maintenance trials. The trials,
which have been proclaimed a dramatic success by the Swiss
government, began in 1994.

A UNDCP report, released last month in Vienna, stated: "The
board is not convinced that the limited positive results
claimed can be attributed solely to distribution of heroin
itself, as many factors, such as prescribing of other
controlled drugs and intensive psycho-social counseling and
support, were involved." The report also states that no
other maintenance trials should be commenced, anywhere in
the world, "until the Swiss project has undergone a full and
independent evaluation." Trials are scheduled to begin
shortly in both The Netherlands and Germany. Swiss
officials have invited UNDCP officials to come to
Switzerland to make their own determinations.

The Swiss criticism of the WHO comes on the heels of
charges, originally published in New Scientist magazine,
that the organization had suppressed a portion of a cannabis
report which found that the use of marijuana was less
harmful to society that the use of alcohol or tobacco
The UNDCP's actions come at a time when that body is
preparing to present its international strategy to the
first-ever UN Special Session on Narcotics in New York in

LETTER: http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/globalcoalition/


12. EDITORIAL: War crimes and quagmires... how low can we
go, and where are we headed?

The news from the Drug War front this week is both
illustrative of the depths to which we have fallen, and
informative as to where we might be heading. The evidence
of the former points to a malignancy of the soul typical of
a nation at wrongheaded conflict with itself. The evidence
of the latter points to a slippery slope toward armed
conflict by a nation at war with forces that it has created
and nurtured.

>From California and Texas come the stories of two teenage
boys, used by police with less regard for their lives than
for the cops' next bust. In California, Chad McDonald was
released into his mother's custody by the juvenile court on
condition of his ongoing cooperation with the Brea police
department. His mother claims that the Brea police assured
her of Chad's safety. She also claims that even after
helping to bring about arrests in several cases, the police
continued to insist on Chad's services as a narc.

In the end, however, word of Chad's cooperation apparently
got out on the street, and upon entering a known drug den on
March 1 with his fifteen year-old girlfriend, the two were
kidnapped, held and tortured for two days before the girl
was raped, shot and left for dead in a forest outside of Los
Angeles by area drug dealers. Chad was strangled to death,
his body dumped unceremoniously in an alley. Details of the
boy's involvement in undercover operations were not revealed
until the girl recovered sufficiently to begin telling her
story. Until then, the police had been silent. Although
the Brea police have refused comment on the case, they do
acknowledge that minors are in fact used as informants.

In Texas, an undercover agent building his case drove 16
year-old recovering heroin addict Jonathan Kollner to the
home of a dealer, not once, but six times. Each time the
officer waited as the boy used the heroin. Prior to
becoming ensnared in the operation, Jonathan had tested
clean for twelve months.

It is an unholy war, this War on Drugs. It has led a nation
-- not just any nation but the self-proclaimed "leader of
the free world" -- to routinely commit acts which should be,
by anyone's standard, abhorrent. We have police, across the
country, who are so deeply enmeshed in unwinnable and never-
ending day-to-day combat on the streets of our cities that
they apparently think nothing of risking the life of a
seventeen year-old boy, or re-addicting a sixteen year-old
boy, sending both of them back into a world and an
atmosphere that each had already proven was beyond their
ability to resist, in service to their next small-time bust.

How many busts have there been? How many more will there
be? Has any of it, will any of it make the drugs disappear?
Will it take the money out of the market? Will it put an
end to the limitless supply of kids and criminals who are
lured every day to take the place of the last one to be
carted off? Is any of this worth the fact that we have
become a society so poisoned by the effects of our own
policies that the lives of our children are worth less than
the next worthless arrest report?

It would be nice to think that we have hit bottom, but the
fact is that most likely, we have not. There are plenty of
freedoms yet to be surrendered and plenty of kids left to be
sacrificed to our tragic folly. In our country's last
futile and ill-conceived war it was said that sometimes you
have to burn a village to the ground in order to save it.
In the current futile and ill-conceived war, it is becoming
apparent that we have taken this approach to our entire

Adam J. Smith
Associate Director




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