------------------------------------------------------------------- Rx For Physicians With Drug Problem (Syndicated Advice Columnist Ann Landers Follows Up On A Letter About An Oregon Physician Who Has Used Amphetamines For 40 Years With No Adverse Reported Effects, Still Conceptually Unable To Realize The Physician Is Not Necessarily A Drug Abuser) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 00:43:26 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Column: Rx For Physicians With Drug Problem Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Ann Landers RX FOR PHYSICIANS WITH DRUG PROBLEM DEAR ANN: I just finished reading the letter from the Oregon woman whose physician husband is addicted to uppers and downers. Two years ago, that letter could have been written by me. My wife is an extremely hard-working and dedicated physician who began using ``minor'' tranquilizers to relieve the stress and anxiety of her grueling schedule. She became addicted, and my life and the lives of our children turned into a terrifying nightmare that lasted for five years. With the assistance of the Physicians Health Program of her state medical society, she was able to enter a treatment program especially for doctors and has been drug-free for nearly 18 months. She has become, once again, the wonderful woman I married 25 years ago. I would advise the woman from Oregon to run, not walk, to the Oregon physician assistance program and talk to them about her husband. The drugs he is using are extremely dangerous, and one of these days he will get caught. I guarantee it. The people at the program are not punitive or judgmental. They will help her husband keep his license, his practice and his standing in the community. There are thousands of physicians in every state who are former drug addicts and alcoholics and are successfully practicing medicine, drug-free, with the help of their fellow physicians. -- Been There and Back in Pa. DEAR BEEN THERE AND BACK: I have had hundreds of letters from wives, husbands, parents and children who, like you, describe in glowing terms the physician assistance programs of the state medical societies. I urge all drug-impaired physicians to contact their state medical societies at once and inquire about such facilities in their own communities.
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Program Qualifies Patients For Medical Marijuana Use (Steve Kubby, A Cancer Patient And Libertarian Candidate For California Governor, Announces He Has Formed A Private Company To Certify Medical Marijuana Patients In Accordance With Proposition 215, Issue Them Private Photo IDs, And Back Each ID With An Army Of Attorneys - Two Physicians And Two Lawyers Have Already Been Signed Up - The Cost Will Be About $1,500 To $2,000 Per Patient, Or $495 For The First 50 Patients) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 15:19:12 EDT Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Arthur Sobey
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: NEW PROGRAM QUALIFIES PATIENTS FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA USE --Please Distribute Widely-- NEW PROGRAM QUALIFIES PATIENTS FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA USE Dear Friends, We don't need the government to give us permission to exercise our rights under Prop. 215. The problem is access--not many folks can find a physician who will risk their license to recommend medical marijuana. What is needed is a program that makes it simple for people to qualify as medical marijuana patients. In order to allow Prop. 215 to be implemented on a mass scale, I am forming a private company to certify medical MJ patients, issue private photo IDs, and back each ID with an army of attorneys. Two top Prop 215 attorneys have already signed on to the program. Our company has recruited two physicians who are highly knowledgeable about medical marijuana and who will issue recommendations for compassionate use, where medically appropriate. This will include any medical condition for which marijuana appears to be of benefit. No medical marijuana will be dispensed by us, we are strictly in the business of qualifying patients for legal protection under the Compassionate Use Act of 1996. To ensure privacy, all records will stored offshore and all communications will be based on an offshore ISP. Patients who qualify, will receive our "Compassionate Use Photo ID" and an 800 number to call in an emergency. In addition, we will be recruiting civil attorneys to sue police for any illegal arrests which are made after one of our patients had shown their card. We believe a few multi-million dollar suits against some police departments will lend "credibility" to our ID cards. Of course anyone could go out and issue their own medical marijuana ID cards. What makes our ID cards different is that we will have a legal team to back up our cards. These services don't come cheap. To properly qualify a patient and provide a legal and medical basis for complying with Prop. 215 will probably cost about $1,500-2,000 per patient. In addition we would probably charge about $500 per year for an annual evaluation and medical review. Although these fees may seem high, it is important to recognize that our cards will authorize patients to cultivate their own medicine, saving patients thousands of dollars a year. We are officially starting our waiting list for the new cards. Peter McWilliams has already requested to be listed as number one on the list. We will not issue cards until we have 50 patients on the list. To encourage participation, the first 50 patients will receive their cards for just $495. Email us today to hold your place on our waiting list. There is no cost until we are ready to issue cards. Help us break the deadlock on Prop. 215, join us today. Let freedom ring, Steve Kubby *** This is an attempt to make the government take seriously the rights of medical marijuana patients. While not everyone will be able to afford the cost initially, the goal is to have the cost of annual registration equal the cost of one ounce of medical marijuana. This goal should be reached when the patient registration reaches about 500 patients. The larger the organization, the more strength each medical marijuana patient has under the law. Additionally, the goal of the organization is to put itself out of business. Once government begins to comply with the provisions of Prop 215 and quits harrassing patients who have a legitimate need for medical marijuana, services like this won't be required. Once a few law enforcement agencies or county governments eat some multi-million dollar lawsuits, government persecution of medical marijuana patients should cease. It is sad that an effort like this must be made. Patients are already supposed to be allowed to grow and use medical marijuana with the recommendation of a doctor. It shouldn't cost them anything for this right. The truth however is that government and law enforcement have ignored Prop 215 and the rights of medical marijuana patients. The state government has done nothing to enforce the will of the voters, and has encouraged law enforcement to crack down illegally on medical marijuana patients. Individual medical marijuana patients are being steam-rollered by prosecutors and judges who apply their own prejudices instead of the law. This must be stopped. This plan offers patients legal authentication to back up the rights of medical marijuana patients under the law. Comments and questions should be directed to me at email@example.com peace, Art Sobey
------------------------------------------------------------------- Government Brings In Its Top Marijuana Research Scientist To Prove Cancer Patient Todd McCormick Failed Urine Test (A Notice From Best-Selling Author Peter McWilliams About The Court Hearing To Begin Wednesday In Los Angeles Says Mahmoud ElSohly Is Being Flown Out From Mississippi In An Attempt To Lock Up Todd McCormick Until The Beginning Of His Federal Trial On Charges Of Marijuana Cultivation, Filed In Defiance Of Proposition 215 - Dr. John P. Morgan Will Fly Out From New York To Testify For McCormick) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 01:04:24 -0400 (EDT) From: theHEMPEROR@webtv.net (JR Irvin) To: NTList@fornits.com Subject: [ntlist] Fwd: McCormick Hearing Tomorrow Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 15:42:10 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Remembers@webtv.net (Genie Brittingham) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: "Peter McWilliams" (email@example.com) To: "Peter McWilliams" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 10:33:07 +0100 June 9, 1998-- FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE NOTICE OF COURTROOM NEWS EVENT TOMORROW Government Brings In Its Top Marijuana Research Scientist to Prove Cancer Patient Todd McCormick Failed Urine Test Wednesday Hearing a Preview of McCormick's Medical Marijuana Trial LOS ANGELES--Mahmoud ElSohly, Ph.D., the federal researcher in charge of the National Institute of Drug Abuse multi-million dollar Marijuana Project that grows and distributes medical marijuana to eight patients, will be flown in from his headquarters at the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Mississippi to testify against Todd McCormick. The federal authorities are bringing in its biggest gun-who seldom appears in public or grants interviews to the press-to prove McCormick failed a urine test earlier this year. McCormick's attorneys, Alan Isaacman and David Michael, will be bringing in an expert on medical marijuana from the private sector, John P. Morgan, M.D., Professor of Pharmacology at City University of New York Medical School, and Adjunct Professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Dr. Morgan, author of Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts, is one of the world's foremost authorities on marijuana and its physiological and pharmacological effects. (http://www.marijuanafacts.org) THE HEARING WILL BEGIN AT 9:30 AM ON WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10, 1998, AT THE OLD FEDERAL COURTHOUSE, DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES, COURTROOM OF JUDGE JAMES MCMAHON At stake is McCormick's freedom until his trial for medical marijuana cultivation, which may not be until next year. The federal prosecutors previously held McCormick for nine days without a hearing-illegal under federal law-on the very same charge. This is the hearing McCormick was entitled to by law, but has not yet received. Also at stake is whether a physician can prescribe the FDA-approved medication Marinol(r) to McCormick or other federal defendants on bail. The two expert medical witnesses, the presence and preparedness of McCormick top-notch lawyers, and at least two highly motivated federal prosecutors, make the Wednesday hearing a preview of the upcoming McCormick trial. Dr. ElSohly and Dr. Morgan will both be subject to full cross-examination, under oath, and their answers may have ramification far beyond this case. The hearing may extend into Thursday and perhaps beyond. The hearing will be presided over by Administrative Federal Judge James McMahon, not McCormick's trial judge, the Honorable George King. The Federal Prosecutors returned to McCormick's stored urine samples that had previously tested negative and had them tested again using "more advanced, state-of-the-art" equipment. It is the interpretation of those test results about which the doctors will be testifying. The choice of the federal government to bring in Dr. ElSohly's is surprising when one considers his ongoing scientific and personal conviction that the components of marijuana, most particularly TCH, have wide-ranging medical benefits. He even invented a version of THC that could be used as a suppository. He, not the government, owns the patent on this marijuana-based invention. In an interview in the peer-review Journal of the International Hemp Association (Volume 3 Number 1 - June 1996), Dr. ElSohly stated: "I think that THC is going to have a much wider use in the pharmaceutical area, for other indications. We've already gotten a patent on the use of suppositories for the treatment of different conditions, glaucoma, nausea and vomiting, appetite stimulation, as an analgesic, as an anxiolytic, and also as an anti-spastic for MS, spinal injuries and so on. These are conditions that we have actually applied for in the patent and these are good legitimate areas where THC could be a very helpful drug. So I would say in the future we'll see much more acceptable use of THC as a drug." (Complete interview at: http://www.commonlink.com/~olsen/HEMP/IHA/iha03112.html) How federal prosecutors-who claim there are no legitimate medical uses for medical marijuana and who must, therefore, prosecute McCormick-plan to explain their own expert's contrary view is not known. In a matter not related to Dr. ElSohly, McCormick's attorneys have uncovered a potential bombshell that may be revealed at the hearing but cannot even be hinted at in a press release. In an interesting side-note: The same regional division of DEA and federal attorneys that is prosecuting McCormick also caused the current Mexican government uproar over an illegal money-laundering investigation that has already been termed "laundergate." "We must all respect the sovereignty of each nation," Mexican President Zedillo told a special session of the U.N. General Assembly on Monday, "so that no one . . . feels entitled to violate other countries' laws for the sake of enforcing its own." President Clinton was shown wincing on C-SPAN as he heard President Zedillo's remarks. The indictments of 26 Mexican bankers (and no American bankers) for money laundering were brought before the Los Angeles Federal Grand Jury by the same divisions prosecuting McCormick. "We'll just have to find a way to do this better in the future," Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey said of the DEA and federal prosecutors. Prosecutors revealed on Monday that they plan to go after further indictments against McCormick and other medical marijuana patients shortly.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Glenpool Board OKs Drug, Felony Checks ('The Tulsa World' Says That, In The Wake Of The Oklahoma Legislature's Failure To Pass A Bill Mandating Criminal Background Checks For Teachers, In An Effort To Curb Unlawful Employees And 'Drug' Usage, One Local School Board Has Taken The Initiative Of Instituting Criminal Background Checks For Teachers And Drug Testing For Student Athletes) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 23:25:13 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US OK: Glenpool Board Oks Drug, Felony Checks Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Michael Pearson
Source: Tulsa World (OK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.tulsaworld.com Pubdate: 9 Jun 1998 Author: Scott Cooper, World Staff Writer GLENPOOL BOARD OKS DRUG, FELONY CHECKS GLENPOOL -- In an effort to curb unlawful employees and drug usage, the school board adopted two policies for criminal background checks and athletic drug testing Monday night. Employees will now fill out annual questionnaires on whether they have been arrested, charged or made a plea within the previous 365 days. The five questions, simply answered yes or no, deal with charges and convictions both in and out of state as well as pleas of no contest, felony charges reduced to misdemeanors and deferred prosecution agreements. Employees will also be required to notify the superintendent within 10 days of any pleas to state or federal felony charges, felony convictions, reduced charges, pleas or convictions to drug or sexual charges and deferred prosecution agreements. And 10 percent of the district staff will be checked randomly each year for complete criminal record searches. Superintendent Dennis Chaffin said the measures were needed to help strengthen the system. A bill by Sen. Lewis Long, D- Glenpool, would have required district attorneys to notify school districts when charges have been filed against a school employee. The bill passed both houses of the Legislature but died in a joint conference committee. Chaffin said Glenpool teachers did not have a problem with the policy and that most area districts are strengthening their policies. Student athletes in grades seven through 12 will be tested for illegal and performance-enhancing drugs a week before their perspective sport seasons begin. An athlete who tests positive on the first offense will be placed probation for 10 days and must complete four hours of substance- abuse counseling. Upon a second offense, the athlete will be barred from sport participation for 18 school weeks. Glenpool High School Principal Jim Jones said the policy comes after unsuccessful attempts at drug awareness. ``It was more of a problem with kids backing away from joining our Drug Free Youth program last year,'' Jones said. ``We were expecting about 200 members but only got about 90.'' Jones pointed out that DFY requires random drug testing. But Glenpool's policy does not apply random testing. ``We felt that we didn't have enough evidence for random testing." "If the policy proves to be what we think, hopefully we'll never move to random testing.'' Scott Cooper can be reached at 581-8469.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Coalition Fights Legal Pot ('The Detroit Free Press' Says The Troy Community Coalition Joined With The Chief Prosecutors From Oakland, Macomb And Wayne Counties, The US Drug Enforcement Administration And The Coalition Of Healthy Communities In Sponsoring A Statewide Conference Monday At The Troy, Michigan, Marriott Hotel - 'Marijuana - Myth Vs. Reality,' A Pre-Emptive Strike Against A Non-Existent Medical Marijuana Initiative) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 19:42:30 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US MI: Coalition Fights Legal Pot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: The Detroit Free Press Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.freep.com/ Author: Robert H. Campbell Free Press Staff Writer Comment: Robert H. Campbell may be reached at 1-248-586-2621. COALITION FIGHTS LEGAL POT Conference Targets Medical Marijuana The Troy Community Coalition, in collaboration with several groups, has launched a pre-emptive strike against the legalization of marijuana and other drugs in Michigan. "Watching other states deal with this issue has made us uneasy," said Mary Ann Solberg, executive director of the coalition. The coalition, the chief prosecutors from Oakland, Macomb and Wayne counties, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and the Coalition of Healthy Communities sponsored a half-day conference Monday at the Troy Marriott, "Marijuana: Myth vs. Reality." The event, billed as a statewide conference, was designed to raise awareness about a potential ballot initiative in Michigan, said Oakland County Prosecutor David Gorcyca. Other states have gained the signatures needed to place the legalization of marijuana as a medication on the ballots, circumventing the state Legislature, Solberg said. The Oakland County Health Division's office of substance abuse said there has been an increase in teenagers seeking treatment for marijuana use. During the 1996-97 fiscal year, 51.5 percent of people younger than 20 who were admitted to treatment programs had marijuana problems, while 34.4 percent were being treated for alcohol, said John Larsen, a division program analyst. "That statistic has reversed itself in the last four or five years," said Larsen. Speakers at the conference included public officials from Arizona and Washington, states that have had referendums on drug legalization. Barnett Lotstein, special assistant county prosecutor in Arizona, praised the organizers for being "way ahead of the curve." In 1996, Arizona voters approved by 64 percent a measure that allows doctors to prescribe marijuana, heroin and LSD for medicinal purposes. Lotstein told the crowd of about 200 that anti-legalization groups were outspent, $1.6 million to $35,000. Washington Lt. Gov. Brad Owens said "legalizers" have been successful "because of America's complacent, 'it's-only-pot' attitude." Allen St. Pierre, executive director of NORML, or National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, said Michigan is not an immediate target state. NORML, based in Washington, D.C., argues that marijuana laws should be changed to allow medicinal and non-medicinal use for adults. St. Pierre said anti-reform groups should be worried because public opinion is against them. "That's why they had trouble raising money in the Arizona election. "This same effort went on last week in Florida. It was called the Anti-Medical Marijuana Summit. It was exactly the same tone and tenor there. Plotting in advance on how to stymie voter initiatives." Several teens who attended Monday's event criticized it for being too political. Marijuana is "already illegal and it doesn't make any difference. People still smoke," said Sarah Miller, 17. Instead you have to change people's attitudes, said Mac Vaughey, 17.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Ford Heights Cops Guilty Of Bribe-Taking ('The Chicago Tribune' Says The Two Former Police Officers Pleaded Guilty Monday To Racketeering, Admitting They Took Numerous Bribes From Several Crack-Cocaine Dealers To Overlook Wide-Open Drug Trafficking In The Suburb South Of Chicago) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 11:28:35 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US IL: Ex-Ford Heights Cops Guilty Of Bribe-Taking Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: 09 June 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Section: MetroChicago Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Author: Matt O'Connor EX-FORD HEIGHTS COPS GUILTY OF BRIBE-TAKING Two former Ford Heights police officers pleaded guilty Monday to racketeering and admitted taking numerous bribes from several crack-cocaine dealers to overlook wide-open drug trafficking in the south suburb. Five former officers, at one time at least half of the town's full-time force, have now been convicted of corruption since charges were first brought in October 1996 in federal court. A sixth was convicted in an unrelated insurance fraud scheme. The latest to admit wrongdoing were Kerwin Hall, 39, now of St. Paul, and Odell Boxley, 50, of Ford Heights, both of whom held the rank of corporal. Each faces 11 to 14 years in prison, according to Assistant U.S. Atty. Jonathan Bunge, who prosecuted the case. They are scheduled to be sentenced Oct. 16. According to their separate plea agreements, Hall and Boxley regularly took payoffs from two narcotics dealers as well as a female dealer who was, without their knowledge, cooperating with the FBI. After her earlier arrest on drug-dealing charges, the woman, Norma Nelson, told authorities that she been the target of shakedowns by Hall for money, according to Bunge. The first of several drug dealers who eventually agreed to cooperate against the corrupt officers, Nelson wore a hidden recorder as she made eight payoffs to Hall and four payoffs to Boxley in 1991 and 1992, Bunge said. Both officers also admitted taking numerous payoffs from drug dealer Timothy Smith from 1991 to 1993. Hall also took money from drug dealer Warren Johnson from 1991 to April 1993, while Boxley also extorted from drug dealer James Cross from 1993 to 1996, according to their plea agreements. In return for the money, the agreements said, the officers refrained from interfering with drug trafficking and provided the dealers with sensitive information about the enforcement activities of other officers. Smith, Johnson and Cross all operated major drug trafficking operations 24 hours a day, seven days a week in Ford Heights, Bunge said. Johnson is now dead, while Smith and Cross are serving lengthy prison terms. Under federal sentencing guidelines, Hall and Boxley will be held responsible for a combined 110 to 330 pounds of crack and powder cocaine the drug operations are estimated to have peddled in Ford Heights. Their guilty pleas come days after another former Ford Heights police officer, Keith Jones, 38, pleaded guilty to racketeering for ignoring drug activity in the town. Last June, Capt. Jack Davis was sentenced to 20 years in prison after his conviction by a federal jury for pocketing bribes from drug dealers while he was acting chief of the force. Davis was found guilty of letting the drug trade flourish, tipping off dealers to law-enforcement efforts and even offering advice on the best places in Ford Heights to sell narcotics. Former Officer Dale Jones was sentenced to 14 years in prison last October after he also pleaded guilty to taking bribes from drug dealers, while charges are still pending in the investigation against Sgt. Vincent Taran Hunter and Carl Amos, an alleged drug dealer. Cordell Williams, another Ford Heights police officer, was given probation for torching his personal car and then claiming it had been stolen and set afire by the thief. When the charges against the officers left the impoverished village with only a handful of full-time officers remaining on duty in fall 1996, Cook County sheriff's police and the Illinois State Police were brought in to bolster police protection for the community.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Attitudes Affect Who Uses Marijuana, Survey Finds (A Different 'Reuters' Version Of Yesterday's Government-Funded Misinformation From 'The American Journal Of Public Health') Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 00:48:04 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Wire: Attitudes Affect who Uses Marijuana, Survey Finds Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Patrick Henry (resist_tyranny) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Reuters Author: Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent ATTITUDES AFFECT WHO USES MARIJUANA, SURVEY FINDS WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Attitudes toward drug use strongly affect whether teen-agers use marijuana, researchers said Tuesday. Marijuana use among high school students soared in the 1970s, fell in the 1980s and is creeping back up again in the 1990s. Jerald Bachman and colleagues at the University of Michigan say attitudes are the reason. ``The overwhelming factor was the student's attitude, whether they thought it was dangerous,'' Bachman, a social psychologist, said in a telephone interview. Bachman's team looked at written surveys of more than 140,000 high school students, done from 1976 through 1996. The students were asked whether they used marijuana and what their attitudes toward the drug were, among other things. Students who were religious, who made good grades, who did not skip school and who did not go out much at night were much less likely to use marijuana. This held true in the 1970s, the 1980s and the 1990s. But there were big variations in overall marijuana use over time. ``For example, a 12th grader in 1978 was fully three times as likely to be a current marijuana user (defined as any use in the past 30 days) as a 12th grader in 1992,'' the researchers wrote in a report in the American Journal of Public Health. ''Why did its popularity fluctuate so much?'' ``Attitudes about specific drugs -- disapproval of use and perceptions of risk or harmfulness -- are among the most important determinants of actual use,'' the researchers wrote. Teen-agers in the 1980s were much more likely to say they disapproved of marijuana use, or to know about the dangers of marijuana, than teen-agers in the 1970s, Bachman said. Bachman said he believed the surveys accurately reflected whether the teen-agers were actually taking drugs. Past analysis showed the respondents were answering truthfully, and were not just giving answers they thought interviewers wanted to read. Bachman, who has studied drug use by teen-agers for 30 years, said education campaigns did work. He said schools, politicians and the media had hit hard on drugs in the 1980s, but talked about them less now. ``They have become complacent, yes,'' he said. High-profile deaths of young athletes who took cocaine in the 1980s helped scare teen-agers off that drug, he said. And in the early 1980s teen-agers could see fellow students who were ''burned out'' by marijuana use. He also said the attitude toward the individual drug was important. Cocaine use and marijuana use did not parallel one another -- indicating that it was knowledge of the drug itself, and not overall attitudes about drugs in general, that was important.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study - Teen Fear Of Marijuana Use Wanes (United Press International Version) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 10:16:58 -0700 (PDT) To: email@example.com From: Kelley
Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Yahoo! News Local Headlines Tuesday June 9 7:08 PM EDT Study: Teen fear of marijuana use wanes ANN ARBOR, Mich., June 9 (UPI) - Researchers who studied data from 231,000 U.S. teenagers say rising marijuana use during the 1990s has paralleled a decline in fear of the drug's dangers. The University of Michigan researchers say since the 1980s, teens have become less concerned about the risks of pot smoking, and are more apt to approve of its use. Their analysis of 12th, 10th and 8th graders points to changing attitudes toward the drug, rather than a rise in juvenile delinquency or rebellious behavior, as a key factor in marijuana's revived popularity. Researchers Jerald G. Bachman, Lloyd D. Johnston and Patrick M. O'Malley of the UM Institute for Social Research looked at data from the ongoing Monitoring the Future study of drug use sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. The drug-use study tracked declining teen marijuana use from the late 1970s and through '80s. But a pot rebound began in 1991 and continues today. The increase has been fastest among 10th graders. Bachman said the increase is puzzling because ``young people did not become distinctly more conservative or conventional in the 1980s. Nor did they become distinctly less so in the 1990s.'' He said, ``We need to ask why it is that young people have become less concerned in recent years about the risks of marijuana use, and why they do not disapprove of such use as strongly as students did just a few years earlier.'' The researchers offer several theories about teens' increased acceptability of pot. One is they may have fewer chances to learn about drug hazards faced by public figures or peers. They also suggest a decline in marijuana use in the 1980s may have lulled governments, schools, the media and parents into ``a false sense of complacency about the problem of adolescent drug use.'' The research appears in the latest edition of the American Journal of Public Health. Copyright 1998 by United Press International.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Double Your Pleasure, Double Your Buzz ('The Associated Press' Says Amurol Confections Company, A Wholly Owned Subsidiary Of The William Wrigley Jr. Company, Is Getting Ready To Launch A Caffeine-Laced Chewing Gum Called Stay Alert) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 18:27:54 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US IL: Wire: Double Your Pleasure, Double Your Buzz Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Associated Press DOUBLE YOUR PLEASURE, DOUBLE YOUR BUZZ CHICAGO (AP) -- Here's a new one to chew on: Caffeine-laced gum. Amurol Confections Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of Wm. Wrigley Jr. Co., is getting ready to launch Stay Alert, a new gum where two sticks are the equivalent of one to two cups of coffee. Hoping to cash in on American's love of caffeine, the company has been quietly testing the gum in Walgreen Co. drugstores and plans to unveil the finished product to the trade at next week's All Candy Expo trade show in Chicago. Consumer should expect to see Stay Alert, which costs 89 cents for five sticks, in stores across the nation by late summer. ``It's not just a gum, it's a unique gum that does something for you,'' said A.G. Atwater, chief executive of Amurol. But the gum has a bitter taste that comes after the first few chews, although company executives note testing found the taste is an acquired one, similar to first drinkers of coffee. The packaging for Stay Alert caffeine supplement gum suggests taking two sticks, together containing 100 milligrams of caffeine. Consumers are warned not to exceed four sticks, which come in mint and cinnamon flavors, every three to four hours. By comparison, a cup of coffee can have anywhere from 40 to 215 milligrams of caffeine depending on the brewing techniques, while a 12-ounce can of Mountain Dew has 54 milligrams. Over-the-counter medication Vivarin has 200 milligrams and No Doz has 100 milligrams of caffeine. The move represents a change for Wrigley, the maker of Juicy Fruit and Doublemint, as it struggles with flat sales in the United States. American consumers have been shifting to breath mints and away from gum. Amurol, based in Yorkville, Ill., is best known for children's gums such as Bubble Tape and Big League Chew. With Amurol's surveys finding some 36.2 million commuters, truck drivers, college students and coffee drinkers often in need of a quick jolt to stay awake, Wrigley hopes to recapture some of its lost sales. Amurol also is considering gums with appetite suppressants, decongestants and cough medicines, said Bruce Thompson, Amurol's vice president of marketing.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Senate Adopts Anti-Drug Proposal ('The Associated Press' Says The US Senate Voted 52-46 Tuesday Along Party Lines To Adopt A Republican Anti-Drug Proposal Estimated To Cost $15 Billion Over Five Years, Which Would Increase Funds For Drug Interdiction, Restrict Federally Backed Loans To Students Convicted Of Possessing Marijuana Or Other Illegal Drugs, And Ban Federal Financing Of Needle Exchange Programs, A Package Majority Leader Trent Lott Said Was Essential If The Comprehensive McCain Tobacco Bill Was To Clear The Senate) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 18:08:35 -0700 (PDT) From: turmoil
To: email@example.com Subject: HT: Senate Adopts Anti-Drug Proposal (fwd) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Republican-controlled Senate voted to ratchet up the war on drugs and eyed an election-year tax cut Tuesday as President Clinton worked with GOP and Democratic leaders to break a logjam on a bill to reduce teen smoking. ``Reports of the death of this legislation are premature,'' Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., declared at the end of a long day during which the bill seemed to hover between breakdown and breakthrough. Still, McCain cautioned, ``We certainly by no means have total confidence that we will reach a successful conclusion.'' The vote was 52-46, along party lines, to adopt the GOP anti-drug proposal that Majority Leader Trent Lott, R-Miss., had said was essential if the comprehensive tobacco bill were to clear the Senate. The provision, estimated to cost $15 billion over five years, would increase money for drug interdiction, restrict federally backed loans for students convicted of drug possession and ban federal financing of needle exchange programs. A vote on a tax cut proposal -- another key Republican demand -- was expected Wednesday, and Democrats conceded it was likely to pass. The most recent version would provide relief from the income tax ``marriage penalty'' as well as help the self-employed pay for health insurance. Together, the two proposals underscored the election year determination of Republicans to place their stamp on a bill the White House and most Democrats supported. For their part, Democrats served notice they would continue to force Republicans to vote to choke off debate on the bill. Most GOP lawmakers are expected to vote against such proposals, and Democrats said that would give them ammunition for campaign commercials if compromise efforts collapse. Neither the tax cut nor the anti-drug proposal was contained in the legislation that McCain brought to the Senate floor more than two weeks ago with White House backing. But Clinton talked by phone with both Lott and Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle during the day, and dispatched top aides to participate in discussions. And officials signaled they were ready to accept the proposals as part of the cost of clearing a major anti-teen smoking measure. One administration official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the White House was likely to express concern that the anti-drug and tax cut provisions would absorb a significant portion of the money generated by the bill. Still, this official said, neither the president nor his aides will issue a veto threat. As drafted, the legislation would raise the price of a pack of cigarettes by $1.10 a year, and direct the money toward the states to pay health care costs and pay for disease research at labs such as the National Institutes of Health. Before the drug vote, McCain, the chief architect of the tobacco bill, said a day of closed-door talks had been beneficial to the bill's chances. And an aide to Daschle said that with the developments, ``the prospects for the tobacco bill just got much better.'' The aide, Ranit Schmelzer, added, ``There will likely be a tax cut in this bill.'' Lott was not as optimistic in his public comments. ``This gets us started in that direction'' of completing action, he said on the Senate floor. At the White House, Clinton told reporters he had talked by phone with Daschle and Lott. Asked about the tobacco bill at a news conference, he said: ``There are still problems, to be sure, but we're getting closer to, I think, a principled compromise. I hope we are.'' On the GOP drug package, all 52 votes in favor came from Republicans; 44 Democrats as well as Republicans John Chafee of Rhode Island and James Jeffords of Vermont voted against. A subsequent attempt by Democrats to substitute their own anti-drug proposal was voted down along party lines. The principal backers of the GOP proposal were Sens. Paul Coverdell of Georgia and Larry Craig of Idaho, who argued that any legislation dealing with cigarette smoking should also address youngsters' drug abuse. ``As bad as tobacco abuse is, it does not cause a mind to pick up a gun and murder. But drug abuse does,'' said Coverdell. The first skirmish of the day was inauspicious for the legislation, as Democrats lost an early afternoon attempt to choke off debate. The vote was 56-42, 18 shy of the 60 needed to force a final vote, and almost completely along party lines. At the same time, Republicans indicated they were ready to scale back the size of their proposed tax cut in hopes of winning acquiescence from the White House and congressional Democrats. Democrats had complained that an earlier GOP tax proposal would have consumed the bulk of the money to be raised in the bill, leaving an insufficient amount for states to pay health care costs or for an anti-smoking campaign. The behind-the-scenes maneuvering was in contrast to the partisan rhetoric on the Senate floor on a bill that Democrats said openly they would attempt to use to political advantage in the fall campaign. ``The tobacco companies have to be cheering after that last vote,'' Sen. Richard Durbin, D-Ill., said after Daschle's attempt to force an end to debate had failed. Opponents of the measure were no less scathing. Sen. Phil Gramm, R-Texas, said the bill would raise and spend hundreds of billions of dollars over the next 25 years, and for some people would be like winning a lottery. ``But to blue collar working Americans who will bear the brunt of this tax, this is going to be a massive tax increase,'' he said. *** AP NEWS The Associated Press News Service Copyright 1998 by The Associated Press All Rights Reserved The information contained in the AP News report may not be published, broadcast or redistributed without the prior written authority of The Associated Press.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Senate Approves Tobacco - Drug Amendment (United Press International Version) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 15:32:32 -0700 (PDT) From: Randy Chase (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: HT: tobacco/drug amendment Sender: email@example.com Washington Senator Patty Murray D-WA voted against the Drug amendment and Slade Gordon R-WA voted for it. This may be a good sign from Patty Murray about Drug Policy issues. It is difficult to determine the reasons for a Senator to vote on an issue. It could be simply that since it was almost a party line vote, Senator Murray voted against a Republican plan. Randy *** On Wed, 10 Jun 1998, Kelley wrote: Tuesday June 9 8:15 PM EDT Senate approves tobacco/drug amendment WASHINGTON, June 9 (UPI) - The Senate has agreed to use a portion of the revenue from a massive tobacco bill to fight illegal drugs. Senators voted 52-46 tonight to divert $2 billion a year from fees and taxes imposed on the tobacco industry into drug programs. They then voted down, 45-53, a Democratic counter-proposal to use money from the general fund, rather than the tobacco bill, for the anti-drug efforts. Opponents fear the amendment will detract from the original purpose of the bill, which is to reimburse the state and federal governments for their smoking-related health care costs, and cut back on youth smoking rates. The amendment, sponsored by Rep. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga., would: increase funds for state and federal drug enforcement programs; expand the interdiction programs run by the Coast Guard, U.S. Customs, and the Department of Defense; establish a national register for convicted drug dealers; ban the use of federal funds for needle exchange programs for drug addicts; and create drug-testing incentive programs for schools and workplaces. Among the more controversial provisions in the bill is a plan to encourage states to establish voluntary drug testing programs for teen drivers through the department of motor vehicles, and a voucher program to pay private and parochial school tuition for children who have been victims of drug-related violence in public schools. Coverdell said most parents are more concerned about illegal drugs than about cigarettes. And, he said, marijuana use among teens is rising more steeply than cigarette smoking. But opponents said the Coverdell amendment was just an attempt to delay a final vote on the tobacco bill _ which would cost tobacco industries an estimated $516 billion over the next 25 years. Coverdell, who represents a tobacco state, opposes the bill. Copyright 1998 by United Press International.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Protesters, Critics Demand End To Drug War ('The Associated Press' Notes Clinton And McCaffrey Got Less Attention At The United Nations Than Those Protesting Their Attempt To Escalate The Global War On Some Drug Users) From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots (email@example.com) Subject: CanPat - Fwd: Protesters, critics demand end to drug war Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 19:20:09 -0700 From: email@example.com (Ed Wolfe) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com AP-ES-06-09-98 0138EDT Protesters, critics demand end to drug war NEW YORK (AP) - Critics of the Clinton administration's drug policy called on the president to end the war on drugs and focus the nation's efforts on public health. As President Clinton pledged in a speech to the United Nations Monday to cut drug use in the United States in half by the year 2007, protesters carried 33 black cardboard coffins decrying his efforts. "The war on drugs is useless," said Keith Cylar, co-executive director of Housing Works, a New York City-based advocacy group. "A war on drugs doesn't take into account the people." Delivering the opening address to the U.N. General Assembly's special session on drugs, Clinton announced a $2 billion anti-drug publicity campaign targeting young people. The goal of the U.N. session is to endorse target dates for governments to enact legislation to combat money laundering, increase judicial cooperation and reduce the demand for drugs. At a news conference after Clinton's speech, critics derided the U.N.'s efforts. "The U.N. drug summit is perhaps the biggest pep rally ever in the failed global war on drugs," said Ethan Nadelmann, director of the private Lindesmith Center, a drug policy research institute. "There's nothing in the way of a critical, serious dialogue being offered by members of the U.N." "It's the same stuff people have been saying for decades," Nadelmann continued. He was joined at the news conference by a half-dozen other speakers. In a two-page letter published Monday in The New York Times, some 500 prominent public figures denounced the routing of resources to "ever more expensive interdiction efforts" without adequate attention to "realistic proposals to reduce drug-related crime, disease and death." Signees included former Secretary of State George Shultz, former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, former Greek President George Papandreou, former President Oscar Arias of Costa Rica and former German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger. "We have a global epidemic. If this were any other disease, you would see an emphasis on treatment. But when it comes to drugs, the emphasis is on arrests. There's something wrong with that," said Dr. Alex Wodak, director of drug and alcohol services at St. Vincent's Hospital in Sydney, Australia. Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Clinton's drug policy adviser, said the letter was little more than a "mouse that roared" and predicted few would take it seriously. Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cheerleaders Against Drugs (Staff Editorial In 'The New York Times' About This Week's United Nations Conference On Drugs Notes The UN Muzzled Virtually All The Citizens' Groups And Experts Who Wanted To Speak, Allowing World Leaders To Extol Failed Strategies Unimpeded) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 19:12:17 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: NYT Editorial: Cheerleaders Against Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Author: Editorial page editors CHEERLEADERS AGAINST DRUGS Manhattan is filled this week with world leaders attending a well-intentioned but misdirected United Nations conference on drugs. With drugs more plentiful and cheaper than ever worldwide, the leaders are mostly extolling failed strategies to combat the problem. Pino Arlacchi, the Italian official who heads the organization's International Drug Control Program, is promising to eliminate coca leaf and opium poppies, the basis of cocaine and heroin, in 10 years. Such claims get in the way of effective programs to reduce drug use. Mr. Arlacchi's proposal, which is likely to be approved, would attempt to cut drug cultivation by bringing roads, schools and other development to drug areas. The notion sounds reasonable, and it is surely better to help farmers than to finance a militarized war on drugs, which has torn apart societies and built up some of the world's most repressive armies. But elements of Mr. Arlacchi's plan are unrealistic and harmful. Half the funding would supposedly come from drug-producing nations themselves, an unlikely prospect. Mr. Arlacchi would also make partners out of such abusive and unreliable governments as the Taliban in Afghanistan and the military in Myanmar. While there is a place for crop substitution, law enforcement, interdiction and other programs to cut drug supply, these steps rarely deliver promised results. Where crop substitution has been successful, drug cultivation has simply moved next door. The conference has seen a welcome increase in talk about the duties of drug-consuming countries, but its proposals are still tilted toward attacking supply. Studies show that treatment programs are far more cost-effective than efforts overseas. But it is politically safer to advocate fighting drugs abroad than treating addicts at home. The U.N. kept off the program virtually all the citizens' groups and experts who wanted to speak. There is no discussion of some interesting new ideas such as harm reduction, which focuses on programs like needle exchanges and methadone that cut the damage drugs do. Like previous U.N. drug conferences, this one seems designed primarily to recycle unrealistic pledges and celebrate dubious programs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Focus Alert Number 66 - New York Times (DrugSense Asks You To Write A Letter To 'The New York Times' Applauding Its Rare Stance Opposing Escalation Of The Global War On Some Drug Users) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 14:18:25 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: FOCUS Alert No. 66 New York Times FOCUS Alert No. 66 New York Times It's not very often we get a chance to pat a major publication like the NY Times on the back. In the article below they hit the nail on the head! The UN drug summit was little more than a bunch of cheerleaders trying to convince each other that the failure is success. Please write a letter the New York Times and thank them for this sensible article. There may never be a better time. A full 2 page ad with the open letter to Kofi Annan and hundreds of high profile signatories just ran in the NYT and another large ad on the release of "Drug Crazy" will be out in the next few days. The News York Times is very aware of the reform movement right now so let's get busy and make hay while the sun sines. We're on a roll! WRITE A LETTER - HELP CHANGE THE WORLD Just DO It!! *** PLEASE SEND US A COPY OF YOUR LETTER OR TELL US WHAT YOU DID ( Letter, Phone, fax etc.) Please post your letters or report your action to the MAPTalk list if you are subscribed, or return a copy to this address by simply hitting REPLY to this FOCUS Alert or E-mailing to MGreer@mapinc.org *** CONTACT INFO New York Times email@example.com "EXTRA CREDIT" Got a 6-800 word masterpiece that is pertinent to national or int'l drug policy issues? Send it here. Get an Oped in the NYT and you're are an overnight reform celebrity. Editorials firstname.lastname@example.org *** ORIGINAL ARTICLE Cheerleaders Against Drugs Manhattan is filled this week with world leaders attending a well-intentioned but misdirected United Nations conference on drugs. With drugs more plentiful and cheaper than ever worldwide, the leaders are mostly extolling failed strategies to combat the problem. Pino Arlacchi, the Italian official who heads the organization's International Drug Control Program, is promising to eliminate coca leaf and opium poppies, the basis of cocaine and heroin, in 10 years. Such claims get in the way of effective programs to reduce drug use. Mr. Arlacchi's proposal, which is likely to be approved, would attempt to cut drug cultivation by bringing roads, schools and other development to drug areas. The notion sounds reasonable, and it is surely better to help farmers than to finance a militarized war on drugs, which has torn apart societies and built up some of the world's most repressive armies. But elements of Mr. Arlacchi's plan are unrealistic and harmful. Half the funding would supposedly come from drug-producing nations themselves, an unlikely prospect. Mr. Arlacchi would also make partners out of such abusive and unreliable governments as the Taliban in Afghanistan and the military in Myanmar. While there is a place for crop substitution, law enforcement, interdiction and other programs to cut drug supply, these steps rarely deliver promised results. Where crop substitution has been successful, drug cultivation has simply moved next door. The conference has seen a welcome increase in talk about the duties of drug-consuming countries, but its proposals are still tilted toward attacking supply. Studies show that treatment programs are far more cost-effective than efforts overseas. But it is politically safer to advocate fighting drugs abroad than treating addicts at home. The U.N. kept off the program virtually all the citizens' groups and experts who wanted to speak. There is no discussion of some interesting new ideas such as harm reduction, which focuses on programs like needle exchanges and methadone that cut the damage drugs do. Like previous U.N. drug conferences, this one seems designed primarily to recycle unrealistic pledges and celebrate dubious programs. *** Sample Letter (SENT) Dear Editor: Congratulations for having significantly more wisdom and insight than the United Nations ("Cheerleaders Against Drugs" NYT 6/9). The nonsensical rhetoric from the UN about eradicating the world drug supply in 10 years should be laughable but these world "leaders" are actually serious. Even the slightest bit of rational thought will lead to the conclusion that we have already failed miserably in our 80 year old "war on drugs," and that we have wasted nearly $1 trillion dollars by some estimates with no results other than that any child with a ten dollar bill can buy illegal drugs at will. The public is beginning to get it, as is the media, but the politicians who are addicted to chest beating claims of protecting the children seem completely devoid of rational thought on the subject and seem unable to see what is obvious to any sensible observer. Prohibition has never worked in the entire history of man. It will never work for drugs. Time to wake up and smell the coffee (another drug we don't talk about much). Mark Greer (contact info and phone) *** Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Concern Over Drug Legalization ('Inter Press Service' Says General Barry McCaffrey, The United States Drug Czar, Is 'Very Disturbed By' The Growing Demand For The 'Legalization' Of Drugs, Which He Nevertheless Characterized As 'Insignificant') Date: Sat, 13 Jun 1998 01:14:03 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: Wire: Concern Over Drug Legalization Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Patrick Henry Pubdate: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 Source: Inter Press Service CONCERN OVER DRUG LEGALIZATION UNITED NATIONS, (June 9) IPS - The United States admits it is concerned -- but not alarmed -- by the growing new demand for the legalization of drugs in the country. "We are very disturbed by the trend," Gen. Barry McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, said and added that, if polling data was considered, there was "not a shred of support" for legalization. McCaffrey, however, dismissed as insignificant the increased support for legalization within the intellectual and academic communities. "It is a case of the mouse that roared," he told reporters here today. Since there was no widespread support for legalization, pro-drug elements in the U.S. are trying "subtle and nuanced approaches" to the question of drug legalization, he said. Donna Shalala, U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services, said there was a kind of "pseudo-intellectualism" in the current campaign to legalize drugs but "there is no scientific base to their conclusions." "These drugs are harmful, and there is no way that they can made the case that they are not harmful, or that they won't lead to the worst kind of public health effects," she said. Shalala said the U.S. government believed that public health issues ought to be based on science, and there was clear evidence that marijuana was dangerous. "Public policies that did not reflect the danger of drugs should not be made. There was no such thing as a soft drug," she added. U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno said she was totally opposed to the legalization of drugs "because I have seen so many instances in which people who were abusers were motivated into treatment by the threat of sanctions." "I think the balanced approach that includes vigorous enforcement and focus on traffickers and appropriate sanctions against users coupled with treatment can have a dramatic impact." All three U.S. officials are in New York for the U.N.'s three-day Special Session on the World Drug Problem. The meeting, attended by more than 30 world leaders, ends tomorrow. Ethan Nadelmann, of the New York-based Lindesmith Center, a drug research institute, said that President Bill Clinton has recommitted the United Nations and the United States to a drug war "that is more militarised and which will ultimately be more futile." "President Clinton should concede the obvious: After decades of relying on failed ideas like interdiction and training foreign armies, prices are down, drug use is up, more governments are corrupted and more ecosystems are in jeopardy. Increasing spending on failed policies of the past won't achieve a better result in the future," Nadelmann said. Last week, in a run-up to the Special Session, the New York Academy of Medicine hosted the first international conference on heroin maintenance. It was the first U.S. data presentation from a three-year Swiss study that prescribed heroin maintenance for more than 1,100 long-term addicts. The Swiss National Project on the Medically Controlled Prescription of Narcotics reported that participants in the study - in which addicts received heroin under medical supervision - experienced a 60 percent decrease in criminal offenses and a marked decline in the use of other illegal drugs. The Academy said that the Swiss trials have generated growing international attention. Similar trials are now underway or under consideration in the Netherlands, the UK, Australia, Germany, Spain, Austria and Canada. "Research and experiences with heroin maintenance abroad have important implications for the United States where heroin abuse is once again on the rise," the Academy said. The Academy also argues that medical prescription of narcotics is a widely accepted form of addiction treatment. Several narcotics are currently prescribed as one component of treatment for addiction to an illicit drug. According to the Academcy, morphine maintenance clinics operated in the U.S. from 1918 to 1923, and governments licensed opium outlets in Asia until the mid-1900s to provide restricted legal access to the same drugs that addicts previously obtained by other means. The British government reportedly allowed physicians to prescribe heroin, morphine and cocaine as a form of addiction treatment from the 1920s until the 1960s. At a press conference Monday, Pino Arlacchi, head of the U.N. Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, said that not a single member state had advocated legalization as a solution to the world's drug problem. "Drugs were very profitable, but it would be naive to think that the legalization of narcotic drugs and the subsequent removal of profits from such trade would put organized crime out of business," he said. On the other hand, Arlacchi said, there was currently a unanimous political commitment on the part of member states to devise new strategies for demand reduction, elimination of money laundering and the substantial reduction of illicit drugs. "The next step would be to discuss concretely how the resources should be gathered and used," he noted. Meanwhile, several non-governmental organization (NGOs), which have urged the United Nations to give up its global drug war, has accused the world body of shutting them out of the current discussions. "The United Nations kept off the program virtually all the citizen's groups and experts who wanted to speak," the New York Times said in an editorial today. "There is no discussion of some interesting new ideas such as harm reduction, which focuses on programs like needle exchanges and methodone that cut the damage drugs do." The Times said that like previous U.N. drug conferences, the current Special Session "seems designed primarily to recycle unrealistic pledges and celebrate dubious programs."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Remarks By Barry R. McCaffrey, Director, Office Of National Drug Control Policy To The United Nations General Assembly Special Session On Drugs (Text Of The US Drug Czar's Speech Includes A Strategy For Making The Internet Safe For Prohibitionists) Date: Fri, 19 Jun 1998 21:13:16 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: Remarks By Barry R. McCaffrey To UNGASS Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Mark Greer Source: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/ Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: 9 Jun 1998 Author: Barry McCaffrey Editors note: Our newshawk is not sure if this was published anywhere, but we suspect it may have been broadcast. Note the interest in the internet. Welcome, Barry, we are ready to debate! REMARKS BY BARRY R. MCCAFFREY, DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY TO THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY SPECIAL SESSION ON DRUGS Introduction We appreciate the efforts of UNDCP, the U.N. Department of Public Information, Italian National Television, and the Italian Permanent mission to the U.N. in organizing this workshop and pulling together such a distinguished group of participants. My comments will summarize how the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) is implementing an integrated communications strategy that employs the full spectrum of today's multi-media environment. As stated in the U.S. 1998 National Drug Control Strategy, our principal drug-control goal is to educate our sixty eight million children about illegal drugs and enable them to reject such drugs. To meet this goal, ONDCP received congressional funding to implement a five-year media campaign, the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. An unprecedented paid advertising campaign, developed in association with Jim Burke and the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, forms the core of this initiative. It will be supported and extended through a variety of non-advertising communication activities. By harnessing the potential of an integrated communication campaign -- using both mass and interpersonal channels -- ONDCP intends to touch the lives of youth and their parents in myriad ways that will encourage young people to embrace a drug-free lifestyle. Dimensions Of The U.s. Adolescent Drug Problem Our nation faces a challenging situation as the use of drugs by young people climbs while their perception of the risk of drug use falls. According to the University of Michigan Monitoring the Future study, a sharp increase in marijuana and other drug use among adolescents in the mid-1990s coincided with an equally sharp decline in the proportion of students who believed marijuana use to be dangerous. Perhaps most disconcerting is the fact that the increase in drug use was greatest among the youngest cohort of adolescents. Although these increases in adolescent drug use leveled off in 1997, they remain unacceptably high. Adolescent substance abuse takes a great toll on our young people and our society. Drug use can lead to school failure, diminished economic opportunity, addiction, and even death. Most of the leading causes of death among adolescents -- motor vehicle crashes, homicide, suicide, injury, and HIV infection -- are more likely to occur under the influence of psychoactive substances. Among adolescents, drug use is highly correlated with a constellation of deviant behavior, including truancy, vandalism, hostility, lying, and poor academic performance. The social costs of these outcomes is staggering. Drug use by adolescents accelerates their transition out of childhood but does not give them the opportunity to acquire the necessary skills and abilities for a successful transition into adult life. At the very least, the time adolescents spend under the influence of drugs is time wasted -- a hiatus in normal development. The reasons underlying youth drug use are as varied and complex as the society in which we live. However, one inescapable conclusion from research is that adolescent drug initiation and continued use are largely functions of negative social influences in adolescents' lives. Research suggests that compared to previous generations, adolescents today experience more environmental and social stressors and less parental guidance. Compounding the impact of less parental influence is adolescent immersion in popular culture as conveyed through various media. On average, American children are exposed to media at least eight hours per day through television, radio, movies, recorded music, comics, and video games. The messages that society sends young people about illegal drugs (as well as alcohol and tobacco) are frequently contradictory. Both media programming and advertising content tend to portray substance use as common and normal. For example, by his or her eighteenth birthday, an average adolescent will have seen 100,000 television commercials for beer and will have watched 65,000 scenes on television depicting beer drinking. Although popular media depict illicit substances less frequently than alcohol and tobacco, those depictions often portray illicit substance use as acceptable and "cool." At the same time, anti-drug messages in the media are dwindling. Free time and space for drug-prevention public service messages are at a ten-year low. "Vaccinating" Adolescents Through The Media Rather than unfairly targeting the entertainment industry as the creator of a popular culture that sends inappropriate drug messages to youth, we must recognize that Hollywood writers, producers, and directors are parents, community leaders, and educators. In the best sense of the word, they are just like the rest of us. Culture is a joint product that the media reflects as much as invents. In fact, most mass media in open societies accurately mirror the image of their society. Blame should not be focused on a collection of industries that contain some of the most creative people in our society. Instead, we must appeal to professionals throughout the communication fields for help in the struggle to save young people from dangerous drug activity that the media has the power to unmask. While media companies must respond to the marketplace as do other businesses, most of them understand that mass media are not simply bystanders. They can play a unique role in shaping a healthy future. Dr. David Hamburg, chairman of the Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development and chief author of its 1995 report "Great Transitions," calls for families, schools, health care agencies, community organizations, and the media to "vaccinate" teenagers against the sickness of addiction. The Carnegie Report -- produced by former Cabinet and Congress members, scholars, and scientists -- spotlighted early adolescence as the time when we can take our best shot at preventing lifelong negative habits among the whole population. Approximately half of all U.S. high school students will use illegal drugs before they graduate. We see increased drug abuse among younger children along with violence, suicide, and teen pregnancy. The media can play a critical role in stemming this terrible tide. One study showed that youngsters are less likely to turn to addictive drugs if they have a concerned adult spending time with them. In the wake of shattered families and the need for two-parent wage earners, the adults talking to our children frequently reach them through TV, film, video games, radio, music, the Internet, and advertising. By mid-adolescence, kids have watched about 15,000 hours of television -- more time than they spend with teachers in school. Add to that figure the hours devoted to video games, watching tapes on the VCR, listening to the radio, and attending movies, and the media's impact becomes primary. The Changing Nature Of The Media In facing the challenge of drug abuse, the mass media in the United States have never been less monolithic. Fragmentation is rampant in the entertainment industries. Vertical integration of media conglomerates adds pressure to the marketplace and the creative process. Cable now cuts into network territory, and competition among stations means that less free air time is available for public service announcements to combat drug use. The number of public service announcements (PSAs) that were broadcast has dropped. Cable companies do not feel the same Federal regulatory strictures, as do U.S. broadcasters whose licenses include a public service component. They often have little incentive from local franchise authorities to provide more than nominal pro bono services. Commercial forces work against children's programming where positive role models can be presented because consumers aged 18-49 are targeted as purchasers. Changes in viewer habits have also worked against drug education. Channel surfing on a remote control leads TV watchers away from PSAs that punctuate regular programming. In general, the speed of mass communication mitigates against exploring an issue carefully since people's attention span decreases in correlation with shorter, rapid-fire presentation. ABC's Ted Koppel has noted that over the last several decades, sound bites have gone down from an average of 22 seconds to 8 seconds. Furthermore, pro-drug messages are communicated to our children through the most sophisticated, multimedia techniques while anti-drug forces typically fight back with bumper stickers: that is, with one-dimensional approaches. ONDCP's National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign Fortunately, the growing awareness of America's parents and the bipartisan commitment of the U.S. Congress have produced an important response to the drug dangers facing our youth. The Congress has appropriated $195 million for the first year of a five-year National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. We are about to undertake a multi-faceted communication campaign that can "de-normalize" drug use in the minds of youth and empower parents to help children with this critical problem. The goals of this campaign are to prevent initiation into drug use and encourage occasional users to stop. To achieve this end, twelve cities across the United States began testing anti-drug advertising created by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America. These ads are aimed at adolescents, their parents, and other adults who take an active role in guiding children toward a safe adulthood. We are using mass media advertising in TV, radio, news publications, outdoor displays, schools, and theaters. Beginning in mid-July, we will launch such advertising in national markets. We will also develop other media tools, including the Internet; collaboration with the entertainment industry; and partnerships with communities, news media, and corporate entities. Preliminary campaign results have been encouraging. Experts advise that we will not see significant behavior change among our audiences for at least two years. In the meantime, however, we expect heightened awareness and understanding of the drug problem, followed by shifts in public attitudes. In the twelve test communities, we find that parents, youth, and community leaders are showing greatly increased awareness of the drug problem; clearinghouses for drug-prevention publications have received increases in public requests; and local anti-drug coalitions are receiving increased offers of volunteerism, funding, and press exposure. Just as important, we have asked media companies from whom we buy advertising to offer free support as well. We are receiving pro bono media contributions whose dollar value, in many cases, equals 100 percent of the paid advertising. Integrating The Entertainment Media Into The Campaign Undeniably, entertainment media have an enormous impact on all of us. Young people, in particular, are greatly influenced by music, television, cinema, and interactive media. This constant exposure provides the entertainment industry with enormous potential for influencing youth attitudes and behavior in a positive manner. Indeed, many excellent examples can be cited of responsible depictions of drug use (and other important youth issues) in all sectors of the entertainment industry. For example, a recent example of Home Improvement dealt with adolescent marijuana use in a sensitive and effective fashion. Such efforts should be recognized and commended. Our campaign encourages the development of entertainment programs that model healthy adolescent development and effective parenting. Following are some of ONDCP's guiding principles for collaboration with the entertainment industry: Don't place blame. Recognize and commend positive activities on the part of the industry. Respect the fact that freedom to be creative is at the core of success for people and projects in the entertainment industry. Involve industry leaders and creators of entertainment programming early on in the process. Entertainment and sports figures have tremendous appeal to youth and adults. Such resources should be included in efforts to communicate anti-drug messages. Integrating Public Information (News Media) Into The Campaign News and other information presented by the news media play a special role in modern society. News-based information is accorded high credibility because, for the most part, the international news-gathering and reporting system operates according to the well-developed ethics of modern journalism. According to many surveys, youth drug use is one of the leading concerns of both young people and their parents. Consequently, there is considerable opportunity to work with the news media and communicate accurate information about drug abuse. Here are some of ONDCP's principles for public affairs outreach. Communicate useful information consistently to media that reach specific target audiences. When necessary, correct errors. Build and maintain ongoing relationships with regional, national, and international media. Creatively pursue both hard news and feature stories that deal with the truth about drug abuse. Integrating interactive technologies into the campaign, including the Internet and other new media During the past five years, the use of Internet and other new interactive media has grown at a tremendous rate. For many of us, the Internet has become an important source of information and entertainment. It can be an effective way to reach target audiences, and information retrieval by users can be measured in unprecedented ways. It also provides a powerful tool for coordinating activity and building collaboration. As many as eighty million Americans are likely to be "on line" by the end of this year; approximately half will use the Internet daily. Similarly, more than a third of adolescents currently use on-line services while 90 percent will have Internet access through schools by 1999. ONDCP's has four principles for dealing with interactive media. Generate Web information with which young people will interact. Recognize that young people use the Internet as a "social medium." Offer transactional opportunities to users who are frequently in the "action mode" when on-line. Reach target audiences through as many sites as possible. Extend the reach of the campaign beyond advertising by integrating mainstream youth Web sites and other digital media such as CD-ROM. Conclusion There are two keys for harnessing the full potential of the media in an effort to prevent drug abuse. The first is an integrated communication plan that combines advertising and non-advertising activities across the full spectrum of the media. The second is in the mobilization of civil society at all levels. To help achieve this latter goal, parents, teachers, coaches, and religious leaders must ensure that local media representatives understand how the drug problem affects communities and how an anti-drug campaign can help everyone. Corporations whose productivity depends on healthy, drug-free employees can lend financial backing as well as public endorsement. Leaders in the entertainment and sports industries and others whose influence reaches every neighborhood and country can play a role in safeguarding our most precious resource: our children. The U.S. National Drug Control Strategy articulates the priority given to protecting sixty-eight million children from toxic, addictive substances. Our National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign recognizes the centrality of the media in any national effort to educate the next generation about the dangers associated with underage drinking and smoking, abuse of psychoactive substances, and all illegal drugs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Calls For Nations To Unify In Drug Fight ('Associated Press' Account In 'The Orange County Register' Of President Clinton's Speech Yesterday At The United Nations' Drug-War Summit Notes He Announced A $2 Billion Media Campaign Aimed At Young People) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 12:51:18 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: GE: Clinton Calls For Nations To Unify In Drug Fight Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk:John W.Black Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 Source: Orange County Register(Ca)-The Associated Press Contact: (email@example.com) Website: (http://www.ocregister.com/) CLINTON CALLS FOR NATIONS TO UNIFY IN DRUG FIGHT Diplomacy: The president announces a $2 billion effort to educate young people. UNITED NATIONS - President Clinton challenged world leaders Monday to work together attacking illegal drugs and stop wasting time "pointing fingers" of blame at each other. He also announced a $2 billion media campaign aimed at young people. "The debate between drug-supplying and drug-consuming nations about whose responsibility the drug problem is has gone on too long," Clinton told a U.N. General Assembly special session on drugs. In his speech, Clinton announced a $2 billion, five-year media campaign to tell young people that "drugs destroy young lives; don't let it destroy yours." Similar campaigns will be launched in Mexico, Venezuela and Brazil, Clinton said. Only $175 million of the $2 billion would be federal funds; the rest would be contributed by corporations and philanthropic organizations. Clinton also thanked Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo for his country's cooperation in combating the trafficking of drugs into the United States. The two presidents met separately later to discuss, among other things, the diplomatic fallout from Operation Casablanca, a U.S. money-laundering sting that led to the arrests last month of 42 people - including about two dozen Mexican bankers. The Mexican government strongly protested that U.S. drug agents had carried out the operation without notifying Mexico City beforehand.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Urges International Stand Against Drugs (A Different 'Associated Press' Version) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 00:29:23 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: Wire: Clinton Urges International Stand Against Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 Source: Associated Press CLINTON URGES INTERNATIONAL STAND AGAINST DRUGS UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Armed with plans for a $2 billion media campaign to help stanch the flow of narcotics across international borders, President Clinton today asked world leaders to ``stand as one against this threat'' without blaming each other for the problem. In an opening address at the U.N. General Assembly special session on drugs, Clinton told representatives of about 150 countries, including 35 heads of state and government, that it is time to stop bickering over whether blame for international drug trafficking lies with countries that demand drugs or those that supply them. ``Pointing fingers is distracting,'' Clinton said. ``It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying -- and perhaps dying -- from heroin. Besides, the lines between countries that are supply countries, demand countries and transit countries are increasingly blurred. Drugs are every nation's problem.'' Clinton said a $2 billion, five-year media campaign against drugs would be launched in the United States, targeting young people with a message that ``drugs destroy young lives, don't let it destroy yours.'' Similar campaigns will be launched in Mexico, Venezuela and Brazil, Clinton said, adding that he discussed the issue with Brazilian President Cardoso on Sunday. To emphasize the importance Clinton placed on the anti-drug effort, he brought along Attorney General Janet Reno; his drug policy adviser, Gen. Barry McCaffrey; Latin American envoy Mack McLarty; and Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala. They attended the U.N. session and briefed reporters afterward. Congress will be asked to provide $175 million of the $2 billion for the media campaign, with the rest coming from businesses and philanthropic organizations, said national security adviser Sandy Berger. The money will be used for public service advertisements and a ``virtual university'' for preventing and treating substance abuse, using the Internet and other media for discussions on reducing the drug supply and the demand that feeds it, Berger said. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who met privately with Clinton before the session, called the drug scourge ``a tragic reality'' and appealed to member nations to work seriously on finding common ground on fighting drugs. ``It is my hope that when historians study the work of humankind in drug control they will write about the next few days as the point at which this trend was reversed,'' Annan said. ``We must never give in to the human toll illegal drugs are taking on our societies.'' Clinton reported a 49 percent drop in overall U.S. drug use since 1979 and a 70 percent decrease since 1985. Changing young people's attitudes is necessary if that trend is to continue, he said, adding he would ask Congress to extend the anti-drug push until 2002. Calling drug interdiction ``ultimately a struggle for human freedom,'' Clinton said all nations must work on reducing coca and opium poppy production by 2008 to ensure reduction in both the supply of and demand for drugs. ``We will do our part in the United States to make this goal a reality,'' he said. He pledged a crackdown on money laundering with other nations that will ``extend the long arm of the law, as well as the hand of compassion, to match the global reach of the problem.'' ``No nation is so large and powerful that it can conquer drugs alone. None is too small to make a difference. All share a responsibility to take up the battle,'' Clinton said. ``Therefore, we will stand as one against this threat to our security and our future.'' He also advanced his own proposal for containing other international threats, such as terrorism, illegal immigration, trafficking in people and global crime rings that are a threat to newer, weaker democracies. He made the proposal last month before the Birmingham, England, annual summit of the world's eight largest industrialized nations. Among those listening to Clinton today were Presidents Jacques Chirac of France, Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico, Rafael Caldera of Venezuela, Alberto Fujimori of Peru, Hugo Banzer of Bolivia and Ernesto Samper of Colombia. In his remarks, Zedillo called for a ``balanced strategy'' to combat drug trafficking ``so that no one can become the judge of others and no one feels entitled to violate other countries' laws for the sake of enforcing its own.'' This is a clear reference to the controversy over ``Operation Casablanca,'' a major U.S. money-laundering sting that led to the arrests last month of 42 people -- including about two dozen Mexican bankers.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Unveils $2 Billion Blitz Against Drugs ('Chicago Tribune' Version) Date: Mon, 08 Jun 1998 23:55:33 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: Clinton Unveils $2 Billion Blitz Against Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ CLINTON UNVEILS $2 BILLION BLITZ AGAINST DRUGS UNITED NATIONS -- In the war on drugs, it's usually poppy-growing peasants, machine-gun-toting drug lords and money-laundering bankers who get most of the heat. But if President Bill Clinton and the United Nations have their way, ordinary Americans will be hearing a lot more about the pernicious effects of illegal drugs. The president on Monday unveiled a five-year, $2 billion anti-drug media blitz as the U.S. contribution to a new UN program to combat worldwide drug trafficking. Clinton's pledge to pump up public pronouncements against illegal drugs opened a three-day, UN-sponsored conference that for the first time is putting the spotlight on the high-income, drug-consuming countries of the world. Usually at these gatherings, it is the drug-producing countries of Latin America and Asia that get most of the attention. But an over-reliance on drug interdiction strategies has come under fire from developing countries in recent years. Such strategies, they say, fail to eliminate the ultimate cause of the worldwide drug problem: the drug abuser. ``Demand reduction creates a balanced approach,'' UN Secretary General Kofi Annan told the conference. ``It creates for the first time a responsibility for nations where consumption is a problem as well as where production is a problem.'' Most consumers of illegal drugs reside in the advanced, industrialized nations of North America and Western Europe. It is their demand -- though it is reported to be shrinking -- that fuels the worldwide drug trade. Drug use is down in the U.S., according to official statistics, but Americans still spend an estimated $57 billion every year on illegal drugs. The number of drug users in the U.S. between 1979 and 1996 fell from an estimated 25.4 million to 13.0 million, a 49 percent decline. Cocaine usage has plummeted 70 percent to 1.7 million people in the same period, according to official studies. The focus on drug-consuming nations comes after months of controversy surrounding existing U.S.-sponsored anti-drug programs, which are running a $16 billion-a-year tab. The Clinton administration has proposed pushing it to $17.1 billion next year. Last month's indictment and arrest of more than 150 Mexican and U.S. bankers and business leaders was criticized by Mexican authorities, who were not notified until the day of the arrests about the three-year undercover operation. Clinton attempted to smooth the flap by admitting that angry debates between drug-supplying and drug-consuming nations had not advanced the fight against drugs. ``Pointing fingers won't dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict or prevent a single kid from trying heroin,'' he said. ``The lines between supply, demand and transit countries are increasingly blurred.'' In addition to the anti-drug advertising campaign, Clinton said the U.S. would give an additional 20 countries aid in tracking the laundering of drug profits. He also unveiled an international drug fellowship program, in which law enforcement officials from around the world will visit the U.S. to work with its drug enforcement agencies. The total UN program that is expected to be adopted later this week was hammered out in Vienna last March. It calls for a 10-year anti-drug program under the auspices of a new UN Drug Control Program. The program will be run by Italian sociologist-turned-crime-syndicate-fighter Pino Arlacchi, who is credited with locking up more than 200 Mafiosi in his own country. Arlacchi wants $5 billion for the program, which aims to ``achieve significant and measurable results in demand reduction by the year 2008.'' As outlined in the final declaration, the program encourages countries to emphasize treatment, education, aftercare, rehabilitation and social reintegration for their drug abusers, ``either as an alternative to conviction or punishment or in addition to punishment.'' But like the U.S. program, the UN program still places a heavy emphasis on traditional interdiction efforts, with special attention given to amphetamines. The report estimated that 30 million people worldwide abuse such drugs, making them the fastest-growing category of illegal drugs. That compares to 8 million heroin addicts, 13 million cocaine abusers and 140 million marijuana abusers. Delegates to the conference, which drew representatives from 150 nations as well as 30 world leaders, were greeted by a two-page open letter in the New York Times attacking the new UN program. It was signed by dozens of former Latin American mayors, police chiefs and federal judges as well as financier George Soros, who provides support for groups opposed to drug wars based on interdiction and criminalization. ``The bottom line is that (the UN program) is the same old policies,'' said Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center, the drug policy research institute that coordinated the letter-signing campaign. ``People have been trying to reduce demand for many, many years and the treatment they come up with is putting people behind bars.'' The group supports alternative approaches such as legalization and methadone treatment for addicts. Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala, who attended Monday's session, lashed out at opponents of U.S. drug policy. ``It's pseudo-intellectualism,'' she said. ``There is no scientific evidence that these drugs aren't harmful and don't lead to deleterious social effects.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Calls For Global War On Drugs ('Boston Globe' Version Notes Clinton Stopped Short Of Promising Funds For The United Nations' 10-Year Campaign To Eradicate Coca And Poppy Plants From The Face Of The Earth) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 12:24:04 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US GE: Clinton Calls For Global War On Drugs Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 Source: Boston Globe (MA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.boston.com/globe/ Author: Colum Lynch, Globe Correspondent CLINTON CALLS FOR GLOBAL WAR ON DRUGS Stops short of promising funds for 10-year UN campaign President Clinton yesterday conceded the limits of US power in fighting drugs, and endorsed a 10-year, multibillion-dollar UN antinarcotics program. But he stopped short of giving the UN more money until it comes up with a more detailed plan of action. ''No nation is so large and powerful that it can conquer drugs alone. None is too small to make a difference,'' Clinton said at a gathering of 150 world leaders at the opening of a UN meeting on illicit drugs. ''All share a responsibility to take up the battle. Therefore, we will stand as one against this threat to our security and our future.'' The three-day summit presented an opportunity for the United Nations to take center stage in the drug war. But it dealt a temporary blow to the UN's top drug official, Pino Arlacchi, who is seeking as much as $5 billion in financing over the next decade to destroy the world's production of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana. Senior US officials say Arlacchi's plan has merit, particularly in combating drug cultivation in Afghanistan and Burma, where more than 80 percent of the world's opium is produced and US influence is limited. But they remain leery of pouring hundreds of millions of dollars into counter-narcotic programs in corrupt and repressive nations where the lines between the governments and the drug cartels are often fuzzy. ''In principle we are supportive of his plan,'' said one senior US official. ''But the US shares the view with other governments and observers that more details are needed.'' In his address before the UN General Assembly yesterday, Clinton also pledged to raise $2 billion in public and private money to fund an antidrug media campaign targeted at children in the United States. And he appealed to world leaders to join with the United States in the drug war and end years of quarreling over whether rich consumers or producers in poor nations are to blame for the worldwide drug abuse. ''Pointing fingers is distracting,'' Clinton said. ''It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying - and perhaps dying - from heroin. Besides, the lines between countries that are supply countries, demand countries and transit countries are increasingly blurred. Drugs are every nation's problem.'' Still, the United States came under heavy criticism from Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo. Zedillo's fuming over a secret US sting operation that captured more than 50 suspected drug launderers - most of them Mexicans - and handed up indictments against a number of leading Mexican banks. The undercover sting, dubbed Operation Casablanca, was carried out in Mexico without the knowledge of the Mexican government. ''We must all respect the sovereignty of each nation so that no one can become the judge of others and no one feels entitled to violate other countries' laws for the sake of enforcing its own,'' Zedillo said in a transparent reference to the US operation. A UN survey of global narcotics production found that drug use is up in the past decade to more than 200 million people. Illegal production of opium poppies, used to make heroin, has tripled since 1985. Cultivation of coca, for cocaine, has doubled. Arlachi's plan, currently under discussion in New York, contains six major goals: To significantly reduce global cultivation of illicit drugs through intensified law enforcement and crop substitution programs. To regulate the sale of chemical ingredients used in the production of illegal narcotics by the year 2008. To set a five-year date for eliminating amphetamine abuse. To streamline extradition procedures and reform courts by the year 2003. To strengthen laws to combat money laundering. To fund drug-treatment programs and promote national antidrug education campaigns.
------------------------------------------------------------------- No Truce In Drug-Blame War At UN ('The Washington Post' Version Notes Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo Brushed Aside US President Clinton's Call To Stop 'Pointing Fingers' And Rebuked The United States Sharply For Allegedly Violating His Country's Laws With An Undercover Money-Laundering Operation That Has Become A Major Diplomatic Dispute Between The Two Neighbors) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 22:58:00 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US GE: WP: No Truce in Drug-Blame War At U.N. Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Richard Lake Source: Washington Post Authors: John M. Goshko & Douglas Farah, Washington Post Staff Writers Page: FRONT PAGE Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 NO TRUCE IN DRUG-BLAME WAR AT U.N. Mexico Dismisses Clinton Call for End to Criticism UNITED NATIONS, June 8-President Clinton today urged drug-producing and drug-consuming countries to stop blaming each other for the international narcotics trade and join in a concerted effort to reduce from 190 million the number of people worldwide who use illegal drugs. But in a reminder of the disagreements that trouble even nominal allies in anti-drug efforts, Clinton's call to stop "pointing fingers" was brushed aside by Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo. He rebuked the United States sharply for allegedly violating his country's laws with an undercover money-laundering operation that has become a major diplomatic dispute between the two neighbors. Clinton made his plea to presidents, prime ministers and cabinet officers of 150 nations attending a U.N. drug conference. The president also announced a $2 billion, five-year media campaign that would target American youth with the message that "drugs destroy young lives, don't let it destroy yours." In his keynote speech, Clinton tried to steer around traditional arguments about whether illicit drug traffic is more the fault of largely Third World countries that derive great profits by producing the raw materials of drugs such as heroin and cocaine or industrial states such as the United States with enormous numbers of addicts. "The debate between drug-supplying and drug-consuming nations about whose responsibility the drug problem is has gone on too long," Clinton said. "Let's be frank -- this debate has not advanced the fight against drugs. Pointing fingers is distracting. It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying and perhaps dying from heroin. . . . Drugs are every nation's problem, and every nation must act to fight them -- on the streets, around the kitchen table and around the world." But the nods of approval that greeted Clinton's appeal did not disguise the fact that some of the countries participating in the conference -- particularly in Latin America and Asia -- are places where some senior officials are engaged in protecting illicit drug trafficking and where, as apparently was the case in Mexico, suspicion between U.S. and local law enforcement officials frequently hampers effective cooperation. While Clinton praised Zedillo both for taking the lead role in initiating the conference and for Mexico's recent anti-trafficking successes, the Mexican president, who spoke immediately after Clinton, responded with words unmistakably aimed at the United States. "We have the right to demand a balanced strategy," Zedillo said. "Balanced so that each country assumes that in the fight against drug trafficking, we are all co-responsible, with the same rights and obligations. We must all respect the sovereignty of each nation so that no one can become the judge of others; and no one feels entitled to violate the other countries' laws for the sake of enforcing its own." Zedillo was apparently referring to a sting operation revealed last month, codenamed Operation Casablanca, in which U.S. narcotics agents conducted a covert investigation inside Mexico and then lured Mexican bankers to a fake casino in the United States. In the aftermath, some 150 people were arrested, $110 million was seized, and three Mexican banks were indicted in the United States. The decision by U.S. authorities to conceal the operation from Mexican officials has touched off a wave of intense anger in Mexico. Mexico has called for the extradition of U.S. customs agents involved in the sting. The situation has been aggravated by publication in Mexico of a letter to Zedillo from Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss.) expressing "deep disappointment" over the Mexican attitude and accusing Mexico of "broken promises" in the drug war. Later Clinton and Zedillo met in an effort to smooth over differences about the operation and issued a joint statement saying that combating drugs is "best accomplished through improved cooperation and mutual trust, with full respect for the sovereignty of both nations." James Dobbins of the National Security Council said there had been no discussion of extradition of U.S. agents and added that Zedillo told Clinton that the Mexican attorney general's office was investigating to determine whether U.S. authorities had broken any Mexican laws. Acrimony over Operation Casablanca overshadowed other parts of Clinton's message, which included the large anti-drug publicity program. U.S. officials said Congress will be asked to provide $175 million of the $2 billion, with the rest coming from businesses and philanthropies. The conference is set to take up for discussion a controversial plan for anti-narcotics efforts evolved by Pino Arlacchi, the chief U.N. counternarcotics official. The plan would induce farmers in nine drug-producing countries to switch to legal crops. However, U.S. officials have made known that the United States almost certainly would refuse to give money to at least two of these countries: Myanmar, formerly Burma, because of its repressive regime, and Afghanistan, where Muslim fundamentalists have repressed women's rights. In what appeared to be a recognition that U.S. opposition is irreversible, Arlacchi, in talking with reporters, said there were no plans to give these two countries large amounts of money until they made fundamental political changes. Burhanuddin Rabbani, the president of the Taliban, which controls much of Afghanistan, addressed the conference today without addressing this point. President Ernesto Samper of Colombia, another country that would receive funds under the Arlacchi plan, said in his address that no country had done more than his to combat the international drug trade. Samper's U.S. visa was revoked two years ago because of evidence he took $6 million from the Cali cocaine cartel for his 1994 election campaign. "No other country has done more, and under more lonely circumstances," Samper said, adding that drug trafficking "once and for all" had to be recognized internationally as a multilateral problem. (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Calls For Less Finger-Pointing In War On Drugs ('The New York Times' Version) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 11:13:09 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: Clinton Calls For Less Finger-Pointing In War On Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Author: Christoper S. Wren CLINTON CALLS FOR LESS FINGER-POINTING IN WAR ON DRUGS UNITED NATIONS -- President Clinton said Monday that the debate over who bears responsibility for the world's drug problems has gone on too long and called for drug-producing and consuming countries to cooperate in stanching the supply and demand for illegal drugs. Addressing a special summit-level session of the General Assembly convened to discuss ways to counter drug trafficking and use, Clinton said that pointing fingers has not advanced the fight against drugs. "It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying and perhaps dying from heroin," Clinton said. Clinton said that the lines between countries that produce, transit and consume drugs have blurred. "Drugs are every nation's problem, and every nation must act to fight them," he said." But Clinton heard a blunt rejoinder from President Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico, who is still fuming over an American undercover operation that led to the indictment of 26 Mexican bankers last month on charges of laundering more than $110 million in drug profits. Mexican officials were not informed of the investigation, apparently for fear that it would jeopardize the plan and the safety of American agents inside Mexico. Zedillo said Monday that all countries share the same rights and obligations to fight drug trafficking. "We all must respect the sovereignty of each nation so that no one becomes a judge of others, so that no one feels entitled to violate other countries' laws for the sake of enforcing its own," he said. While a overwhelming part of the world's demand for drugs comes from "countries with the largest economic capacity," Zedillo said, "the human, social and institutional costs in meeting such demands is paid for by the producing and transit countries. "It is our men and women who die first in combatting drug trafficking," he said. "It is our communities that are first to suffer from violence, our institutions that are first to be undermined by corruption. It is our governments that are the first to have to shift valuable resources needed to fight poverty to serve as the first bulwark in this war." The president of the Dominican Republic, Leonel Fernandez, said the problem was rooted in the law of supply and demand. "The demand is what makes the existence of the market possible," Fernandez said, explaining that the illegal trade it creates is highly profitable and attractive. He cited an intelligence estimate that 33 percent of the drugs smuggled into the United States from South America passes through the Caribbean, and 15 percent specifically through the island of Hispanola, which is shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Prominent among other voices pressing to reduce demand was Britain's deputy prime minister, John Prescott, who spoke on behalf of the European Union. "It is no use stopping opium cultivation in one place just to see more grown elsewhere," Prescott said. "We gain nothing by closing one trafficking route to see another opened." President Jacques Chirac of France urged a counterattack on every front. "Drug elimination cannot be left to a single category of country, whether it be producer or consumer," Chirac said. "Supply and demand must be reduced simultaneously." In his address, Clinton said his administration will request an anti-drug federal budget exceeding $17 billion for next fiscal year, of which $6 billion will be earmarked for reducing demand. In announcing several smaller initiatives, he said he would ask Congress to extend a new advertising campaign to discourage children from using drugs. The program got under way last fall with an initial $195 million budget, but Clinton promised to expand this to a $2 billion campaign through 2002, with part of the money donated by the private sector. The General Assembly session on reducing production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs, the first in 10 years to be devoted entirely to the subject, was initially proposed by Mexico, which has become a transit route for more than half of the cocaine smuggled into the United States.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US-Mexico Drug Statement Tinged With Acrimony ('Los Angeles Times' Version) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 16:54:00 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: U.S.-Mexico Drug Statement Tinged With Acrimony Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Author: Stanley Meisler, Jonathan Peterson, Times Staff Writers U.S.-MEXICO DRUG STATEMENT TINGED WITH ACRIMONY Narcotics: Controversial sting operation is alluded to in comments from presidents at U.N. special summit. UNITED NATIONS--After exchanging barbs in public over a controversial U.S. sting operation on Mexican soil, President Clinton and Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo met in private Monday and issued a statement pledging "improved cooperation and mutual trust with full respect for the sovereignty of both nations." But the statement contained no American apology for Operation Casablanca, the money-laundering sting, nor any Mexican promise to refrain from attempting to prosecute U.S. operatives who carried it out on Mexican territory. Obviously prompted by bickering between the governments over the three-year sting, Clinton told a special summit of the U.N. General Assembly that the argument between countries that produce drugs and countries that consume drugs "has gone on too long" and must end. "Let's be frank," Clinton said, "this debate has not advanced the fight against drugs. Pointing fingers is distracting. It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying and perhaps dying from heroin." But Zedillo, in a speech tinged with bitterness over the covert U.S. operation that led to the indictment of 26 Mexican bankers last month, said that, in the war on drugs, all countries "must respect the sovereignty of each nation." "No one country can become the judge of others," he said. "No one should feel entitled to violate the laws of other countries for the sake of enforcing its own." Zedillo, hailed by Clinton and other leaders for conceiving the idea of the special session on how to combat narcotics, was clearly referring to Mexican charges that U.S. agents broke Mexican law by staging the operation within Mexican territory. * * * Clinton and Zedillo then met with aides briefly and alone for 25 minutes in the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, finally issuing a two-page statement that alluded to the operation without naming it. The two presidents, the statement said, "agreed to strengthen mechanisms in their countries to deal with anti-drug and money-laundering efforts and to improve cooperation, communication and information exchange between both governments." At a news conference, U.S. Atty. Gen. Janet Reno defended the secrecy of the operation as a means to protect the American operatives. "It is not a matter of disrespect," she said. "It is a matter of trying to . . . conduct an investigation . . . while at the same time protecting the lives of the agents involved." Twenty-nine heads of state and government are to address the General Assembly before its 185 members on Wednesday adopt a declaration committing themselves to "strategies to reduce both the illicit supply and demand of drugs." The declaration was worked out in a year of preparatory meetings guided by Pino Arlacchi, a U.N. undersecretary-general who is executive director of the U.N. Office for Drug Control. Arlacchi, a former Italian senator who led his government's campaign against the Mafia, insists that the war on drugs can be won if consuming countries reduce demand and producing countries encourage alternative crops for farmers who now sell narcotic plants to the drug cartels. U.S. officials are wary of some of Arlacchi's ideas because of the potential cost and because he has proposed funding of alternative crop projects in Myanmar, the former Burma, now ruled by a repressive military regime, and Afghanistan, a country largely ruled by the Taliban Islamic fundamentalists, who have deprived women of many rights. The two countries produce 90% of the plants used in the illegal opium market. But the declaration due for adoption Wednesday avoids specifics, calling instead for "cooperation in alternative development" and for a significant reduction in opium poppy and coca plant cultivation by 2008. This generalized proposal let Clinton, despite misgivings among some of his aides about the details, tell the General Assembly, "We will do our part in the United States to make this goal a reality." * * * Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, director of the U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy, told a news conference that the United States is "absolutely supportive" of Arlacchi's "visionary thinking." But the American anti-drug czar added that the detailed plan for putting in force the U.N. anti-narcotics strategy "is not on the table yet." Delegates to the special session of the General Assembly were surprised to find an open letter to Secretary-General Kofi Annan as part of a two-page advertisement in the New York Times. The letter, whose signatories included many prominent figures such as former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar and former U.S. Secretary of State George P. Shultz, contended that "the global war on drugs is now causing more harm than drug abuse itself." Although those who signed did not call directly for legalization of drugs, they insisted that "persisting in our current policies will only result in more drug abuse, more empowerment of drug markets and criminals and more disease and suffering." Copyright Los Angeles Times
------------------------------------------------------------------- No US-Mexico Truce Over Drug-Money Sting (Somewhat Different 'Los Angeles Times' Version In 'The Seattle Times') Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 00:34:25 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: No U.S.-Mexico Truce Over Drug-Money Sting Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Tue, 09 June 1998 Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Author: Stanley Meisler and Jonathan Peterson, Los Angeles Times NO U.S.-MEXICO TRUCE OVER DRUG-MONEY STING UNITED NATIONS - After exchanging barbs in public over a controversial U.S. sting operation in Mexico, President Clinton and Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo met in private yesterday and issued a statement pledging "improved cooperation and mutual trust with full respect for the sovereignty of both nations." But the statement contained no American apology for Operation Casablanca, the money-laundering sting, nor any Mexican promise to refrain from trying to prosecute U.S. operatives who carried it out. Clinton told a special summit of the U.N. General Assembly that the argument between countries that produce drugs and countries that consume drugs "has gone on too long" and must end. "Let's be frank," Clinton said, "this debate has not advanced the fight against drugs. Pointing fingers is distracting. It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying and perhaps dying from heroin." But Zedillo, in a speech tinged with bitterness over the covert U.S. operation that led to the arrest of 150 Mexican bank employees last month, said that, in the war on drugs, all countries "must respect the sovereignty of each nation." "No one should feel entitled to violate the laws of other countries for the sake of enforcing its own," he said. Zedillo, hailed by Clinton and other leaders for conceiving the idea of the special session on how to combat narcotics, was referring to Mexican charges that U.S. agents broke Mexican law by staging the operation in Mexico. At an earlier news conference, U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno defended the secrecy of the operation as a means to protect the American operatives. "It is not a matter of disrespect," she said. "It is a matter of trying to . . . conduct an investigation . . . while at the same time protecting the lives of the agents involved." Mexican officials have chastised the United States for violating their laws by conducting a 2 1/2-year undercover investigation that culminated in the arrests of more than 150 people and the seizure of more than $50 million. Last month, a federal grand jury in Los Angeles indicted 26 Mexican bankers and three banks with money laundering. Twenty-nine heads of state and government are to address the General Assembly before its 185 members tomorrow adopt a declaration committing them to "strategies to reduce both the illicit supply and demand of drugs." Clinton has pledged to halve drug use in the United States, the world's leading drug consumer, by 2007. He announced yesterday that he would ask Congress to extend through 2002 a public-private partnership that urges children to stay off drugs. White House officials said that the president would seek $195 million from the federal government and that the private sector would foot the rest of the $2 billion bill. His administration also is working to use the Internet and satellite links to allow drug fighters to share information, Clinton said. Information from Knight Ridder Newspapers is included in this report.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US, UN Add Users To Targets In Drug War ('Chicago Tribune' Account Of The United Nations Special Assembly On Drugs Notes Clinton's Pledge For A Five-Year, $2 Billion Anti-Drug Media Blitz Shows That The United Nations For The First Time Is Putting The Spotlight On The High-Income, Drug-Consuming Countries Of The World Rather Than The Drug-Producing Countries In South America And Asia) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 10:42:32 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US GE: U.S., UN Add Users To Targets In Drug War Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: 09 June 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Section: Sec. 1, page Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Author: Merrill Goozner U.S., UN ADD USERS TO TARGETS IN DRUG WAR NEW YORK -- In the war on drugs, it is usually poppy-growing peasants, machine gun-toting druglords and money-laundering bankers that get most of the heat. But if President Clinton and the United Nations have their way, ordinary Americans will be hearing a lot more about the pernicious effects of illegal drugs. The president on Monday unveiled plans for a five-year, $2 billion anti-drug media blitz as the U.S. contribution to a new UN program to combat worldwide drug trafficking. Clinton's pledge to pump up public pronouncements against illegal drugs opened a three-day, UN-sponsored conference that for the first time is putting the spotlight on the high-income, drug-consuming countries of the world. Usually at these gatherings, it is the drug-producing countries in Latin America and Asia that get most of the attention. An over-reliance on drug interdiction strategies has come under fire from developing countries in recent years. They say such strategies fail to eliminate the ultimate cause of the worldwide drug problem: the drug user. "Demand reduction creates a balanced approach," UN Secretary General Kofi Annan told the conference. "It creates for the first time a responsibility for nations where consumption is a problem as well as where production is a problem." Most consumers of illegal drugs reside in the industrialized nations of North America and Western Europe. Though it reportedly is shrinking, their demand fuels the worldwide drug trade. Drug use is down in the U.S., according to official statistics, but Americans still spend an estimated $57 billion every year on illegal drugs. The number of drug users in the U.S. between 1979 and 1996 fell from an estimated 25.4 million to 13.0 million, a 49 percent decline. Cocaine use has plummeted 70 percent to 1.7 million people in the same period, according to official studies. The focus on drug-consuming nations comes after months of controversy surrounding existing U.S.-sponsored anti-drug programs, which cost $16 billion a year. The Clinton administration has proposed pushing the tab to $17.1 billion next year. Last month's indictment and arrest of more than 150 Mexican and U.S. bankers and business leaders was criticized by Mexican authorities, who were not notified until the day of the arrests about the three-year undercover operation. Clinton attempted to smooth the flap by admitting that angry debates between drug-supplying and drug-consuming nations had not advanced the fight against drugs. "Pointing fingers won't dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict or prevent a single kid from trying heroin," he said. "The lines between supply, demand and transit countries are increasingly blurred." In addition to the anti-drug advertising campaign, Clinton said the U.S. would give an additional 20 countries aid in tracking the laundering of drug profits. He also unveiled an international drug fellowship program, in which law enforcement officials from around the world will visit the U.S. to work with its drug enforcement agencies. The UN program that is expected to be adopted later this week was hammered out in Vienna last March. It calls for a 10-year anti-drug program under the auspices of a new UN Drug Control Program. The program will be run by Italian sociologist-turned-crime-syndicate-fighter Pino Arlacchi, who is credited with locking up more than 200 Mafiosi in his own country. Arlacchi wants $5 billion for the program, which aims to "achieve significant and measurable results in demand reduction by the year 2008." As outlined in the final declaration, the program encourages countries to emphasize treatment, education, after-care, rehabilitation and social reintegration for their drug users, "either as an alternative to conviction or punishment or in addition to punishment." Like the U.S. program, the UN plan places a heavy emphasis on traditional interdiction efforts, with special attention given to amphetamines. The report estimated that 30 million people worldwide abuse such drugs, making them the fastest-growing category of illegal drugs. That compares to 8 million heroin addicts, 13 million cocaine abusers and 140 million marijuana abusers. Delegates to the conference, which drew representatives from 150 nations and 30 world leaders, were greeted by a two-page open letter in the New York Times attacking the new UN program. It was signed by dozens of former Latin American mayors, police chiefs and federal judges as well as financier George Soros, who provides support for groups opposed to drug wars based on interdiction and criminalization. "The bottom line is that (the UN program) is the same old policies," said Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center, the drug policy research institute that coordinated the letter-signing campaign. "People have been trying to reduce demand for many, many years, and the treatment they come up with is putting people behind bars." The group supports alternative approaches such as legalization and methadone treatment for addicts. Health Secretary Donna Shalala, who attended Monday's session, lashed out at opponents of U.S. drug policy. "It's pseudo-intellectualism," she said. "There is no scientific evidence that these drugs aren't harmful and don't lead to deleterious social effects."
------------------------------------------------------------------- World Drug Problems Blamed On Users ('Los Angeles Times' Version) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 16:59:44 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: World Drug Problems Blamed On Users Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Author: Robert H. Reid, Associated Press Writer WORLD DRUG PROBLEMS BLAMED ON USERS UNITED NATIONS--Despite President Clinton's appeal to avoid "pointing fingers," leaders of the world's drug-producing -- nations have not hesitated to blame drug users for the global narcotics problem. "The illicit drug trade is demand-driven," Prime Minister Denzil Douglas of the tiny Caribbean nation of St. Kitts and Nevis told the U.N. General Assembly's special session on drugs Monday. "How can we truly expect small, poor countries such as mine to defeat the wealthy drug lords if the rich countries, with their wealth of resources, are unsuccessful in limiting the demand," he said. In his opening speech to the three-day conference, President Clinton urged world leaders to avoid blaming each other as they devise new, coordinated strategies in the fight against drugs. "Pointing fingers is distracting," Clinton said. "It does not dismantle a single cartel, help a single addict, prevent a single child from trying -and perhaps dying from -heroin." He said that the lines separating countries that supply drugs, transport drugs and consume drugs "are increasingly blurred. Drugs are every nation's problem." But Latin American countries, which account for most of the world's supply of cocaine, say they need international aid to help stem the production of illegal drugs. "We need resources, and it must come from the international community," Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori told reporters as he arrived for the opening session. "And I think this will consolidate the reduction of production -it might in the Peruvian case -the production of cocoa leaves." President Hugo Banzer of Bolivia said his government was committed to eradicating illegal production of cocoa, which is used to produce cocaine. But Banzer said the program will cost $952 million over five years, including $700 to provide alternative crops and markets for the 35,000 Bolivian families whose livelihood comes from the illegal crop. He appealed to the United States and other wealthy countries to pick up 85 percent of the cost of the program, reminding them that "each dollar we devote to combating drug trafficking has painful social costs." U.N. officials estimate the annual bill would come to $250 million for 10 years. Copyright Los Angeles Times
------------------------------------------------------------------- New `War On Drugs' Has Familiar Ring ('Ottawa Citizen' Version) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: GE: New `war on drugs' has familiar ring Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 11:01:44 -0700 Lines: 107 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Ottawa Citizen Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Tue 09 Jun 1998 Section: News A1 / Front Author: Mike Trickey New `war on drugs' has familiar ring Clinton pledges $2 billion as UN launches heavily criticized effort UNITED NATIONS -- Representatives from more than 150 countries have come together for a three-day special conference again declaring an international war on drugs, but the message has changed little from the ``just say no'' mantra of Ronald Reagan's White House. The UN convened a similar conference in 1990, in which the '90s were declared the Decade Against Drugs and which pledged to rid the planet of illicit drugs by 1995. This time, with the level of drug production and profits at an all-time high, the goal is to unite disjointed national efforts and eradicate drugs by 2008. ``The problem is great in scope and consequence, eroding the foundation of democracies, corrupting the integrity of market economies and menacing the lives, hopes and future of families on every continent,'' said U.S. President Bill Clinton in the opening address. ``But our nations have shown, through individual and collective effort, that we can turn this evil tide.'' Others are not so sure. More than 1,000 people, prominent in their own countries or globally, signed a petition calling on the UN to re-examine what they call a failed course of action and embark on a new direction of drug control efforts. The petition -- whose signatories include former UN secretary general Javier Perez de Cuellar, former U.S. secretary of state George Shultz, former head of Scotland Yard's drug squad Edward Ellison, as well as NDP Leader Alexa McDonough, Senator Sharon Carstairs and former Ottawa mayor Marion Dewar -- argues that ``the global war on drugs is now causing more harm than drug abuse itself.'' They suggest decriminalizing and regulating some drugs, particularly marijuana, and focusing on a program of reducing drugs through prevention, education, treatment and community programs. Clinton defended of the effectiveness of the U.S. policy of law enforcement, prosecution and incarceration, noting that Americans are spending 37 per cent less on drugs than they were a decade ago. However, Dr. Diane Riley of the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy, says Clinton is just playing with numbers. ``Of course Americans are spending less on drugs,'' she said, after a session of a non-governmental organization meeting being held opposite the official UN conference. ``The price of drugs has gone down.'' That drug prices are sharply down from a decade ago is an indication that the traditional U.S. approach is failing. If the amount of drugs available were being significantly reduced, supply-and-demand economics would dictate the street price should be climbing. However, Mathea Falco, president of the non-profit research institute Drug Strategies and a former assistant secretary of state for international narcotics matters, says that is not the case. She says the retail price of heroin has dropped by more than half since 1981 while its purity is three times what it was then. As well, the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) content of high-grade marijuana is more than 10 times what it was in the early 1970s while prices, which climbed through the last part of the 1980s, have dropped back to the level of the lower-grade grass sold in the early `80s. U.S. officials, though declaring themselves ``enormously proud'' of their pursuit of international drug criminals and Clinton's statement that next year's federal budget will include a record $17 billion US for the fight -- about two-thirds on enforcement and prosecution -- admit some changes are needed. Clinton announced a new five-year, $2-billion media campaign aimed at discouraging young people from drug use will be launched next month and he admitted the flaws in the traditional U.S. argument that it had a problem with drug users while other countries had a problem of drug producers. However, his administration is adamant there will be no relaxation of drug laws. ``There is no such thing as a soft drug and there is no such thing as a drug that is illegal that is not dangerous,'' said Health Secretary Donna Shalala. ``New research on marijuana, in particular, makes that very clear.'' She and U.S. drug ``czar'' Barry McCaffrey dismissed petition signatories as members of the ``intellectual, literary and academic community'' engaging in pseudo-science. ``There is no way they can make their case,'' said Shalala. ``There is no scientific basis for their claims. Just because they have enough money to make it fashionable doesn't make it right.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Find New Ways To Fight Drugs (Staff Editorial In The Illinois 'Daily Herald' On The Occasion Of The United Nations' Special Assembly On Drugs Says Getting Tough With Dealers And Drug Ring Conspirators Should Always Be The Main Thrust Of Our Drug Intervention Strategy, But It's Time To Try Something Different To Reduce Demand) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 12:10:42 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US GE: Editorial: Find New Ways to Fight Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Source: Daily Herald (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 FIND NEW WAYS TO FIGHT DRUGS Getting tough with dealers and drug ring conspirators should always be the main thrust of our drug intervention strategy. President Clinton has impressive statistics to defend this approach. Since 1985, when the so-called war on drugs took off, overall drug use has declined 70 percent, according to the president. Still, it's clear that getting tough isn't good enough. According to the United Nations, 160 million illegal narcotics users are fueling a drug industry that profits to the tune of $400 billion a year - far more than what is made in the sale of legal pharmaceuticals. Moreover, drug use among our youth is on the rise, according to surveys. This, despite the $10 billion spent on drug-related law enforcement and prison construction last year alone. Drug intervention efforts have made the concrete and iron companies happy. Prisons need lots of bars and lots of strong walls, and there are more prisons now with the crackdown on drugs over the last two decades. The crackdown will continue. Clinton told a U.N. summit on international drug trade that the U.S. intends to spend about $17 billion next year in battling drugs. It is encouraging, however, to hear Clinton propose spending about one-third of that $17 billion on programs aimed at reducing demand for drugs. Clinton wants more money spent on treatment and in discouraging youngsters from using drugs. This is welcome news to many other countries fighting drug crime. They have been urging Washington to do more to reduce the large illegal drug customer base in this country. It will make their jobs so much easier. Specifically, Clinton has proposed spending $2 billion on a new public service announcement campaign aimed at convincing youngsters to stay away for drugs. This is a great idea, especially if this message will be more unique, more helpful. Despite "Just Say No," too many youngsters are still saying yes. And despite the widespread introduction of D.A.R.E. programs in the elementary and middle schools, too many youngsters are still letting peer pressure overcome their fear of drugs. Clinton says he will form an academic program to get insights of drug experts from throughout the world. That, too, is a good idea. It's time to try something different to reduce demand, and we hope he'll get some good advice.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Crackdown Defies Skepticism (The Toronto 'Globe And Mail' Notes The UN General Assembly Special Session To Expand The Global War On Some Drug Users Was Met With An Open Letter Calling For An End To The War, Signed By More Than 600 World Leaders) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 11:59:27 -0400 From: Carey Ker
Subject: Canada GE: Drug crackdown defies skepticism To: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: The Globe and Mail, page A11 Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Tuesday, June 09, 1998 Drug crackdown defies skepticism World leaders press for punitive measures, public doubt unheeded at UN conference By Timothy Appleby The Globe and Mail TORONTO -- Futile, harmful and costly though it may be, in the eyes of a swelling legion of critics, the "war on drugs" looks set to run for at least a few more years. But the battleground -- the hearts and minds of Western voters who ultimately pick up the huge tab -- may be undergoing something of a transformation. As a special United Nations conference on drugs opened in New York yesterday, a long, diverse list of high profile international figures (more than 600) delivered an open letter urging the reappraisal of traditional tactics, arguing that the antinarcotics fight is causing more damage than the drugs themselves. Canadian signatories include New Democratic Party Leader Alexa McDonough; Perry Kendall, former head of the Addiction Research Foundation; Nobel Prize-winning chemist John Polanyi; lawyers Clayton Ruby and Edward Greenspan; former Ottawa mayor Marion Dewar; and a dozen MPs, including New Democrat Libby Davies. "The war on drugs has been an abysmal failure, it's a war on people not a war on drugs," said Ms. Davies, whose Vancouver East constituency has the highest number of addicts in Canada. "We literally have people dying in my constituency, and this kind of approach - hiring more cops - is not working. That's why I'm here [in New York]." Few foresee any quick change to the status quo. Certainly there was no indication of one at the UN conference yesterday. Even as the petition was submitted, the world's most powerful leaders were making it clear that it's business as usual. Indeed more so than ever. The three-day session, whose twin aims are to cut consumption amongst the world's estimated 218 million drug users by the year 2008, and reduce cultivation of the coca bush, the opium poppy and the cannabis plant, was opened by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who urged delegates to endorse a new global assault on drugs. "It is time for every nation to say 'No' to drugs," he said. Then, U.S. President Bill Clinton called on the forum to "stand as one against this threat.... Drugs are every nation's problem, and every nation must act to fight then. Together, we must extend the long arm of the law." Equally anxious to renew the battle are such powerful figures as French President Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain, which has the highest rate of drug abuse in Europe. "We attach great importance to and are very concerned about the comeback of drugs in China and have taken a series of firm counter measures," China's delegate, state counsellor Luo Gan, told the conference. Between $4.3-billion and $5.8-billion in additional drug-fighting funds are expected to be authorized by the end of the conference. However, to an eclectic band of critics, who echo a collective opinion heard for years in such countries as the Netherlands and Switzerland, it all amounts to throwing good money after bad. Among those unimpressed by the tough talk is Mr. Kendall, whose three years at the head of the ARF - Canada's largest drugs-and-alcohol think-tank - reinforced his view that drug abuse is primarily a medical and social problem rather than a criminal one. He is also cautiously optimistic that public opinion will come around to this perspective. "The tide will shift from the front lines forward -- the people at the pointy end of the stick, the coroners, the police, the counsellors," he suggested. Other critics of the status quo include hundreds of police officers, academics, scientists and politicians of all stripes, who put their names to the open letter, decrying that year after year, governments enact punitive policies toward an illicit global drug industry worth an estimated $583-billion (an astounding 8 per cent of all world trade) and that year after year people continue to sell and consume drugs. Conventional thinking, in the view of the signatories, serves to empower organized crime, corrupt governments at every level, distort the marketplace, hinder health-care and feed into an ever-growing law -enforcement and penal industry. "The way we're currently trying to deal with illicit drugs is in many senses counter-productive," Mr. Kendall said. "It costs more in terms of public-health damage, criminal and social costs than would a more rational, pragmatic approach. But the status quo is being driven very much by ideology, and there's a tremendous economic imperative as well. At least $87-billion a year in North America goes toward [drug] enforcement." Mr. Ruby, the civil libertarian concurred. "We spend huge amounts on this prosecution model, when we know for certain that we achieve very little by it," he said. Indeed, when Ronald Reagan was first elected president in 1980, 50,000 Americans were behind bars for drugs. The current figure is 400,000.
------------------------------------------------------------------- UN Wages Harmful War On Drugs (An Editorial In The Toronto 'Globe And Mail' By Terence Corcoran About The United Nations General Assembly Special Session On Illegal Drugs Notes That, For An Agency Created In 1945 To Further The Cause Of World Peace, The UN Is Involved In A Surprisingly Large Number Of Wars, And Suggests Business Leaders And The Media Take Note When The UN Says, Never Mind Freedom Of Speech Or Expression - This Is A War - Governments Of Countries Where Rights To Free Speech Exist 'May Need To Reconsider Whether Unrestricted Access To And The Propagation Of Such Information Are Detrimental To The Social And Health Conditions Of Their Populations') Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 22:38:32 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: CANADA: GE: OPED: UN Wages Harmful War On Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Patrick Henry (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: The Globe and Mail Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.theglobeandmail.com Author: Terence Corcoran UN WAGES HARMFUL WAR ON DRUGS WHEN U.S. President Bill Clinton appeared yesterday before a special United Nations General Assembly session on illegal drugs, there was virtually no hope that he would heed a growing number of critics -- from libertarian economist Milton Friedman to conservative William F. Buckley and Canadian leftists Clayton Ruby and Alexa McDonough -- who are calling for a moratorium on the catastrophic war on drugs. Instead of ending the war, which is causing more grief and havoc than the drugs themselves, Mr. Clinton renewed the campaign, pledged more money and urged members of the UN to accelerate their efforts to eliminate illegal drugs throughout the world. "We stand as one against drugs. No nation is so big that it can conquer drugs alone," he said. "None is too small to make a difference. All of us share a common responsibility to defeat this common threat." It was classic anti-drugism, of which the world will hear more over the next couple of days as the UN cranks up the rhetoric and commits to another assault on illicit drug use and the drug industry. For an agency created in 1945 to further the cause of world peace, the UN is involved in a surprisingly large number of wars -- now on people rather than among nations. There's the war on fossil fuels to save the world from climate change, a war on population growth to save the world from famine and overpopulation, an emerging war on tobacco and smoking, and the war on drugs, which comes closest to mimicking a military operation. The consequences of the expanding drug war are already well known and obvious: Hundreds of thousands of people are in jail, civil rights are under attack, cities are being turned into war zones, police forces are growing increasingly militarized, juveniles are being entrapped into drug deals, a global criminal class is thriving on the estimated $400-billion (U.S.) industry, new health hazards and disease risks are proliferating. In petitions sent to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, more than 500 people, many with significant public profiles and from diverse ideological and professional backgrounds, concluded that "the global war on drugs is now causing more harm than drug abuse itself." A few hundred signatures won't change the UN, but the growing number of enlightened opponents of the war on drugs, and their diversity, must be taken as a sign that momentum is building for a change in attitudes and policy. The politicians have yet to catch the message, however. Self-evident though it may be that the war on drugs is an expanding global tragedy, the UN special session this week aims to expand the war. Most of the new effort is designed to repair crises created by existing anti-drug laws and enforcement measures. One item on the agenda is money laundering, a multibillion-dollar business that exists solely because of the criminalization of drugs. Seizing drugs and incarcerating thousands of people doesn't work, the UN paper on money laundering says, because it "has limited impact on overall trafficking and abuse of illicit narcotics." In other words, the war is failing: Prices are high and the money keeps flowing to the government-created criminal class who have developed efficient systems to move vast sums around. It may be time for a few business leaders to take up the cause against the UN. Typically, the UN has inflated the magnitude of the money-laundering problem -- as it has with drug use itself -- to extract more powers for police and state authorities to search, seize and otherwise infringe on business activities and civil liberties. To secure support for more government intervention into business and individual transactions, the UN claimed the financial system is at stake. "The money laundering derived from illicit drug trafficking, as well as from other serious crimes, has become a global threat to the integrity and stability of financial and trading systems." More media attention to the war's consequences is also needed. The Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy, leading the Canadian campaign to end the drug war, found other examples of the control mentality building within the UN. The 1997 annual report of the UN's International Narcotic Control Board wants governments to mount a censorship blitz to "curb the showing by public broadcasting media, such as the press, radio, film and television, of favourable images of drug abuse," including hemp and marijuana. Never mind freedom of speech or expression, the UN says -- this is a war. Governments of countries where rights to free speech exist "may need to reconsider whether unrestricted access to and the propagation of such information are detrimental to the social and health conditions of their populations." To bring the media into line, the UN board suggests "voluntary codes of conduct" that would "limit irresponsible statements that are sometimes made and encourage a more balanced approach to dealing with the issues of drug abuse." The greater the UN effort to create a mythical drug-free society, the more oppressive its methods will become. It's time to start looking at alternatives. (c) THE GLOBE AND MAIL - 1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- Call Off The War On Drugs (Op-Ed In The Toronto 'Globe And Mail' By Two Members Of The Canadian Foundation For Drug Policy On The Occasion Of The United Nations General Assembly Special Session On Drugs) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 16:46:52 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Canada GE: OPED: Call Off The War On Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Chris Donald
Pubdate: Tuesday, June 09, 1998 Source: Globe and Mail (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.globeandmail.ca/ Author: Eugene Oscapella and Diane Riley Ottawa CALL OFF THE WAR ON DRUGS This week's United Nations summit on drug policy in New York is an appropriate occasion to reflect on the global war on drugs and on Canada's part in that war. Every decade, the UN adopts new international drug-control conventions, focused largely on criminalization and punishment, that prevent individual nations from devising local solutions to local drug problems. Every year, governments enact more punitive and costly drug-control conventions and politicians endorse harsher drug-war strategies. The result? UN agencies estimate the annual revenue generated by the illegal drug industry at $400-billion (U.S.), roughly the equivalent of 8 per cent of total international trade. This industry has empowered organized criminals, corrupted governments, eroded internal security, stimulated violence and distorted economic markets. These are the consequences not of drug use as such, but of decades of futile prohibitionist policies. In Canada, prohibition has encouraged marketers to sell and users to use more potent forms of drugs or more dangerous methods of ingestion. Users have no guarantee of quality. As a result, some, especially the young and inexperienced, die; others are maimed. Our drug laws have turned thousands of otherwise law-abiding citizens into criminals and thrown many of them into prison for their involvement with drugs. Having sent them to jail, we deny them the means to prevent HIV infection from massive levels of drug use in prison. Until recently we refused to make condoms available to prisoners, in part for fear condoms would be used to hide drugs; better to preserve the moral fibre of our prisons than to protect peoples lives. Yet despite finally acknowledging that drug use in prisons is widespread, we have largely refused to help prisoners with needle exchanges or cleaning solutions to help prevent the further transmission of the AIDS virus. Canada's 1982 statement of principles, The Criminal Law in Canadian Society, said criminal law should be used only to deal with conduct for which other means of social control are inadequate or inappropriate. Nice words, but no reflection of reality. Instead, the criminal law has become the instrument of first resort in dealing with drugs. And still we have not stopped the flow of drugs into Canada, any more than the United States -- the most powerful nation on Earth, with some of the most repressive drug laws in the world -- has stopped the flow into the U.S. Ending prohibition makes common sense. Instead of propping up an enormously profitable black market in drugs, and pushing drug users to the margins of society, governments could focus on productive ways to control the harmful use of substances, be they alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, heroin or cocaine. They could turn away from soul-destroying prisons and toward understanding drug use as a natural, not deviant, part of human behavior. Too often those who call for open debate, rigorous analysis of current policies and serious consideration of alternatives are accused of "surrendering." But the true surrender is when fear and inertia combine to shut off debate, suppress critical analysis and dismiss all alternatives to current policies. Surely it is time to hold an open debate on global drug-control policies. Eugene Oscapella is a lawyer and Diane Riley is a policy analyst. Both work with the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy, a non-profit organization founded in 1993 to seek humane and effective drug policies and a reduction in harm related drug use.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Iranian Foreign Minister Blasts US Drug Policy (AFP Says Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi Spoke At The United Nations Tuesday And Criticized The United States' 'Unilateral Evaluation Mechanisms' That Put His Country On A List Of Countries Considered Lax In Efforts To Halt Drug Trafficking, A Classification That Could Result In Economic Sanctions) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 18:12:04 -0700 (PDT) From: turmoil
To: email@example.com Subject: HT: Iranian FM blasts US drug policy (fwd) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org UNITED NATIONS, June 9 (AFP) - Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi Tuesday blasted US policy that puts Iran on a list of countries considered lax in efforts to halt drug trafficking. "These severe anti-drug measures have been taken, in large measure, in the interest of the consuming, mostly European countries," Kharrazi told the UN General Assembly's special session on drug control. Afganistan, Nigeria and Mayanmar are on the same list, which could result in economic sanctions. "Unfortunately, many of these countries have not shown much enthusiasm in assuming their responsibilities," instead criticising Iran for its "firm position on drug trafficking," he said. Iran spends 400 million dollars per year to stop the drugs -- most from Afganistan and Pakistan -- that transit Iran on their way to Europe, he said. Upgrading security on Iran's eastern border cost the government 560 million dollars, Kharrazi told delegates. "Unilateral evaluation mechanisms" were "counter-productive," and "contrary to the principals of sovereignty between states and of non-intervention in internal affairs," he said. Outside, Kharrazi was on the other end of criticism, being splattered with eggs by four protestors across the street from the United Nations. Two men and two women, who said they were protesting the use of "death squads" in Iran, would be charged with assault, a New York police spokesman said. A member of Kharrazi's security detail told AFP the incident happened as the minister was walking past the UN Plaza Hotel. The assailants were taken away in handcuffs by security officials and police, witnesses said. The four assailants were residents of the US state of Virginia, but their nationalities were unknown.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Primed For Dueling Drug Conferences ('The Province' Columnist Jon Ferry Says Vancouver, British Columbia Mayor Philip Owen Is Blowing Smoke Out Of Both Sides Of His Mouth, Hosting A Drug Conferences In Vancouver This Week Featuring His Prohibitionist Police Chief, Bruce Chambers, After He And Chambers Both Refused To Attend Or Speak At The Drug Conference In April Sponsored By The Free-Enterprise Fraser Institute, Where Chambers Tried To Prevent Constable Gil Puder From Speaking Out Against The War On Some Drug Users) Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 07:58:08 -0700 (PDT) To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Alan Randell) Subject: Police primed for dueling drug conferences Newshawk: Alan Randell Pubdate: June 9, 1998 Source: Province, The (Vancouver, B. C.) Contact: email@example.com Author: Jon Ferry Police primed for dueling drug conferences By Jon Ferry The problem is with the current drug policy in B.C. is that it is riddled with hypocrisy. Most young people do not believe the cops when they say pot- smoking is evil. Therefore, they tend not to believe anything else the police say. Most police officers don't seem to believe casual marijuana use is wrong either, judging by what Vancouver police constable Gil Puder has to say. Puder admits that, like everybody else, he smoked marijuana at university. "In fact, out of 25 police academy classmates of mine, I think there were only one or two who hadn't smoked pot," Puder told me over the weekend. Let's face it, most Vancouver police officers have smoked marijuana at some time. So there's a strong likelihood they'll agree with Puder that, in the case of the duelling drug conferences, it's Vancouver Mayor Philip Owen who is blowing smoke. Duelling drug conferences? Yes, later this week Vancouver is hosting the second of two big conferences featuring narcotics experts from around the world. The one this week, at the Robson Square Conference Centre, is being hosted and promoted by Owen, also the police board chairman. Owen's police chief, Bruce Chambers, is the keynote after-dinner speaker Friday. The first conference, run by the free-enterprise Fraser Institute, grabbed national headlines in April when Puder spoke out passionately in favor of marijuana legalization -- defying Chambers' attempts to muzzle him. It turns out both Owen and Chambers were invited to speak at the Fraser Institute conference, but turned down the offer. Later, Owen decided to bad-mouth the event, calling it "a big love-in" for legalizing drugs. That drew the ire of Fraser Institute official Patrick Basham who pointed out the right-wing think-tank was hardly a haven for hippies and that Owen was, well, a bit of a dope. Basham accused the mayor of being "determined to remain sitting atop the policy fence" while requesting the Fraser Institute "feed him our research so he might be provided with sufficient intellectual cover". Owen, in other words, had been speaking out of both sides of his mouth. Puder also blasted the mayor for hippie-baiting. Indeed, the constable questioned the sanity of certain anti-drug extremists Owen had invited to his gabfest. "Owen's got some loonies coming and his pretence for doing this is, 'oh, well, we want balance'. Well, that's like saying, 'well, I'm going to invite a Nazi to the Jewish congress just for balance'. You know, it doesn't make any sense," Puder said. Though I would be considered a redneck these days on most issues, I have never quite understood the demonization of pot. What I do understand is that the appearance on the media scene of the 38- year-old Puder has changed the nature of the whole debate. Puder clearly is no pimply-faced weed, having shot to death an armed addict. He considers the "war" police wage on recreational marijuana-users to be unwinnable and dishonest. After all, alcohol and tobacco really are more harmful products. Chambers obviously is not amused by having his nose tweaked by Puder, but so far has not followed through on his threat to discipline the errant officer. In any case, it's not hard to figure out why Puder has not been invited to the mayor's conference where, the police officer believes, the issue of drug legalization will be avoided. "My God, no, that would just be like spitting on the flag," he said. My opinion is that it's high time we put flag-waving and conference-squabbling aside and introduced some candor into this discussion.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Big Busts Have No Real Effect (Letter To The Disbelieving Editor Of 'The Calgary Sun' Says Bigger And Bigger Busts Don't Mean Police Are Winning The War On Drugs) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: PUB LTE: Big Busts Have No Real Effect Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 10:58:03 -0700 Lines: 22 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Calgary Sun Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: June 9, 1998 Comment: Parenthetical remarks by the Sun editor : headline by hawk BIG BUSTS HAVE NO REAL EFFECT I REALLY had to laugh when I read about the "Huge pot bust" in the June 6 Sun. Here in the U.S., we have had several occasions when the police have busted amounts ranging up to 20 tons of pot -- or more. Strangely enough, the U.S. police take the same attitude as the RCMP. They seem to believe bigger and bigger busts indicate they are winning the war on drugs. The one thing they fail to mention is it never seems to have any real effect on the marijuana market. Clifford A. Schaffer Canyon Country, Calif. (Twenty tons? No effect? Come on.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Upstaged ('The New Zealand Herald' Notes US President Clinton's Speech At The United Nations' Special Assembly On Drugs Got Less Attention Than The Television Advertisement Opposing The Drug War Paid For By The Group Common Sense For Drug Policy) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 19:19:13 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UN GE: New Zealand: Clinton Upstaged Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Pubdate: Tue, 09 June 1998 Source: NZ Herald (Auckland) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org CLINTON UPSTAGED NEW YORK --The White House has objected to a television advertisement in which a voice imitating President Clinton says the nation's anti-drug policies have failed. The advertisement, by a drug policy reform group and timed for a United Nations summit on drugs, shows a video of Mr Clinton addressing the UN General Assembly. But it includes disclaimers saying Mr Clinton was not actually giving such a speech. The White House said the advertisement violated a long-standing policy against using the image of the President for promotional materials. In the advertisement, a voice imitating Mr Clinton says: "Do you think the war on drugs is a complete failure? I do. Do you think if we spend more money we'll win? Forget it." The Clinton imitator then says: "Heck, we're causing more crime than we're stopping."
------------------------------------------------------------------- My Father Opposed This Kind Of Tyranny (Letter To The Editor Of Britain's 'Evening News' Disagrees With A World War II Veteran Who Thought It Was Inappropriate To Hold A Protest Against The War On Some Drug Users At A Veterans' Memorial - Drug Warriors Are No Better Than Nazis) Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 16:50:59 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UK GE: PUB LTE: My Father Opposed This Kind Of Tyranny Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (CLCIA) Pubdate: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 Source: Evening News (Norwich UK) Contact: EveningNewsLetters@ecn.co.uk Website: http://www.ecn.co.uk MY FATHER OPPOSED THIS KIND OF TYRANNY I was surprised to read Jack Woods of the Veterans' Association (Evening News June 4 "War Vets in Wreath Row"), saying that he can't see the link between the War on Drugs and the Second World War against the Nazis. If, like millions, he had decided to use cannabis recreationally, in preference to alcohol, or medicinally, in preference to pills, and had he been unfortunate enough that the police had found out, he may well appreciate the difference. Cannabis users, like the persecuted Jews, homosexuals and so on in Germany and elsewhere, have no victims for their so-called 'crime'. Hitler destroyed drug-takers lives too! Both the UK and American Governments, amongst others, have made their efforts at decreasing drug taking into a 'War'. In the Far East they still execute drug users and in the United States there are people serving life sentences for using small amounts or marijuana. There was no real justification for policy of the Nazis and there is no real justification for modern anti-drug policy. Some very addictive and poisonous substances - like alcohol and tobacco - are legal whilst other very safe substances - like cannabis - are banned. My own father fought in the War against the same sort of tyranny which the present drug-laws represent. He fought for freedom of choice and freedom of religion and lifestyle,and for health and education. Victory led to the UN charter of Human Rights, which guaranteed those rights. However, we still do not have them. The War on Drugs is a war on select people who are different to the 'norm'. It should be resisted at all costs. I can only congratulate Jack Girling and the Campaign to legalise Cannabis to the motive behind the proposed laying of wreaths. Mr Woods, I just do not understand, although my I send him heart-felt appreciation for his bravery years ago. Sincerely, Alun Buffry, Norwich
------------------------------------------------------------------- Stand Up Against Soros' Drug Liberals (Translation Of A Staff Editorial In The Swedish Newspaper 'Aftonbladet' Opposing The Letter Signed By 500 World Leaders Calling For An End To The Global War On Drugs, Written On The Occasion Of The United Nations General Assembly Special Session On Drugs In New York June 8-10, Demonstrates Why Sweden Has A Reputation As One Of The Most Closed-Minded Societies In The World When It Comes To 'Drugs') Date: Sat, 13 Jun 1998 06:59:45 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Sweden GE: Editorial: Stand Up To Soros' Drug Liberals (Improved translation repost) Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: "Jonas Thorell" Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 Source: Aftonbladet (Sweden) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.aftonbladet.se/ Translation: Olafur Brentmar and John Yates Note: Aftonbladet is the largest Swedish evening newspaper. This editorial is being reposted after translation improvements by John Yates. Thank you, John! STAND UP TO SOROS' DRUG LIBERALS The governments of the world must unite against drug liberalism. The UN special session on narcotics is promising. Politicians must never fall for the cynical capitualtion that the legalization movement stands for. Today the Swedish social minister Margot Wallstrom will address the UN about the importance of fighting drugs. Queen Silvia of Sweden is taking part in a panel discussion about children, young people and narcotics during the UN drugs session. It is excellent that Sweden can show such a broad unity on the narcotics issue. Yesterday a despicable advertisement by the Lindesmith Center aimed at the UN was published in the New York Times. Singinging the Praises of Legalization Over 600 persons signed a demand to stop the war on drugs, amongst them were well known Swedes such as High Court member Ingemar Rexed, author Peter Curman, criminologist Jerzy Sarnecki, the ex chief editor of Dagens Nyheter Olof Lagercrantz and a previous director of the Social department, Claes Ortendahl. The latter has informed Dagens Nyheter that he does not support the demand and cannot explain how his name came to be on it. He supports the Swedish restrictive approach. Thank God. It is remarkable that radical and intelligent people like Curman, Sarnecki and Lagercrantz are joining in the neoliberal chorus singing the praises of legalization. The demand is a part of a drug liberal campaign sponsored by the billionnaire George Soros. There are no simple solutions to the narcotics problem. Opinions differ, even in Sweden, as to whether narcotics are best fought with stiffer penalties or with social justice. But all of Swedens parliamentary parties agree that drugs should not be turned loose on society. The war on drugs must be fought on several fronts, with law enforcement and socially. The Swedish restrictive policy has been shown to give much better protection against the human and social hell of drug abuse than the loose rules in the Netherlands for example. In Sweden it is only small extreme right-wing groups that espouse drug liberalism. Victory for Humanism In the European Union however, strong drug liberal winds have been blowing for some time. Instead of actively fighting the breeding grounds of abuse - unemployment, segregation and economic injustice - some members of the EU parliament have chosen to advocate free narcotics. Submissivly they have fallen victim to the drug liberal lobbyists cynicism. Aftonbladet reported earlier this year how the drug liberals in the lobby group Cora were operating from an office in the middle of the EU parliament. The articles recieved wide attention. Now the EU parliament has determined that Cora shall imediatly be thrown out of the parliament building. This is a victory for humanism. Hopefully the member countries of the UN can now agree on a powerful plan of action against narcotics. The governments of the world must stand up to the campaign by the drug liberals.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Stockholm Is The Chicago Of Northern Europe (Translation Of An Article In Finland's 'Västra Nyland' Says The Swedish 'Venice Of The North' Is Well On The Way To Becoming The Chicago Of The North As Gang Wars Over The Illegal-Drug And Tax-Free Cigarette Trades Have Taken Dozens Of Lives This Year, With Shootouts In Cafes, Well Planned Murders In Public Places, Hired Killers, Bomb Explosions, Bullets In The Back Of The Neck And Machine Gun Fights) Date: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 12:09:03 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Sweden: Stockholm Is The Chicago Of Northern Europe Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: "John Yates" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Tue, 9 Jun 1998 Source: Västra Nyland (Finland) Contact: email@example.com Language: Swedish Translation: "John Yates" (firstname.lastname@example.org) STOCKHOLM IS THE CHICAGO OF NORTHERN EUROPE Open War In The Underworld Peaceful Stockholm is well on the way to changing from the Venice of the North into the Chicago of the North. Gangster wars have taken dozens of lives already this year. The latest victim was a well known 45 year old Iraqi. He was mown down in broad daylight at the weekend. Shootouts in cafes, well planned murders in public places, hired killers, bomb explosions, bullets in the back of the neck, machine gun fights and other serious crimes have taken place in Stockholm this year. A common element in all of these crimes is that they have been carried out by foreigners or immigrants with connections to the underworld Smuggling of narcotics and cigarettes as well as the night club business is behind these violent crimes. Owning a night club is a good way of laundering dirty money. n. Joksovic has been named by police as a central person in Stockholms underground. He was known as the Torpedo King. There is speculation in the Swedish press that a mob war is in progress between different gangs and that the Iraqi was murdered in revenge for his ordering of the murder of Joksovic. This has not been confirmed by the police. The murder of Joksovic has been cleared up, but no one believes the young Finnish killers story that he committed the murder on his own initiative. He is believed to have been hired to kill the dreaded Joksovic, a close friend of the Serbian warlord Arkan. Before his bloody career in Bosnia, Arkan was a criminal in Sweden and there are suspicions he is still involved in smuggling to Sweden. Expensive Cigarettes Even if the police are officially playing down speculations of a war between criminal gangs, it is a fact that tens of people have been murdered this year in settlements between criminals. The warnings that smugglers and criminal gangs would flourish because of the high price of cigarettes and alcohol have come true. The Swedish government has decided to lower the tax on cigarettes. There was a shock rise in cigarette tax a few years ago and a pack of cigarettes now costs 45 Skr. But it is probably too late, the gangs are now well established and according to the Swedish press are at war with each other over the market. Together with the massive and incredibly profitable cigarette and alcohol smuggling, increasing quantities of narcotics are coming into Sweden, usually via the Baltic route. FNB - Thomas Hojeberg, Vastra Nyland 9.6.98 -------------------------------------------------------------------
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