Portland NORML News - Tuesday, September 1, 1998

Drug War (A letter to the editor of The Observer, the monthly newspaper
of the American College of Physicians' American Society of Internal Medicine,
from Dr. Rick Bayer, the chief petitioner for Measure 67, the Oregon Medical
Marijuana Act. "The war on drugs does not belong in the exam room.")

From: "Rick Bayer" (ricbayer@teleport.com)
To: "Rick Bayer" (ricbayer@teleport.com)
Subject: American College of Physicians (ACP) -
American Society of Internal Medicine (ASIM) "Observer"
Date: Sun, 4 Oct 1998 11:52:36 -0700


I just wanted to alert interested parties that the ACP-ASIM Observer,
the monthly newspaper of the largest medical specialty group in the
country (internal medicine), was kind enough to print my letter in their
September 1998 issue. The key part of the letter is the closing
sentence: "The war on drugs does not belong in the exam room".

Please also see the original article by Dr. Sox, the President of
ACP-ASIM, "The national war on drugs: build clinics, not prisons," (June
ACP Observer at

Whether it be Death with Dignity, Medical Marijuana, or a family doc
wanting to give codeine for chronic pain, I believe our government's
misplaced and failing efforts, including iron-fisted threats to doctors
and patients, are doomed to failure. For me, I see this as an
opportunity to support our patients and to do what good doctors have
always done: relieve human suffering. I, for one, do not intend to let
government bureaucrats (e.g. Barry McCaffrey), elected officials (e.g.
Henry Hyde) or ignorant but sadistic doctors with their small-minded
political organizations (e.g. the AMA hierarchy), intimidate me or stand
in the way of helping patients. Please join me in supporting dying and
suffering patients. Please vote for patients. . . not politics.

As the saying goes, "When the people lead, the leaders will follow".

You can find my letter at
http://www.acponline.org/journals/news/sept98/letters.htm and I have
copied it below. Thank you for your support.

Rick Bayer, MD, FACP
Chief Petitioner, Oregon Medical Marijuana Act (Measure 67)
6800 SW Canyon Drive
Portland, OR 97225
503-292-1035 (voice)
503-297-0754 (fax)


Drug policy

Harold C. Sox, FACP, has written a very thoughtful and long overdue
editorial concerning drug use in the United States. ("The national war
on drugs: build clinics, not prisons," June ACP Observer at

To the majority of Americans, it is apparent that the "war on drugs" has
failed. While the government has spent an estimated $100 billion
annually, the problem continues. Substance abuse is a medical and public
health problem, and, as Dr. Sox stated, prisons, war and violence are
not the appropriate answers.

We need good clinical research into appropriate medical methods that
will minimize harm to all members of society. The Dutch have been able
to keep their consumption of cannabis to half of what is consumed in the
United States, and the Swiss have been able to cut crime through
medically supervised heroin maintenance. The HHS recently acknowledged
that needle exchange works to prevent HIV infection without encouraging
IV drug use, but for political reasons it cannot fund a needle exchange

We need to make sure that decisions regarding drugs and health care are
made by compassionate physicians and other health care experts who have
no political baggage about appearing "soft on crime." Decisions made by
politicians and the Drug Enforcement Agency seldom have any scientific
validity or compassion. The war on drugs does not belong in the exam

Richard E. Bayer, FACP
Portland, Ore.

The American Antiprohibition League (Floyd Ferris Landrath
Describes The Mission And Harm-Reduction Activities Of The Portland Group,
And Asks For Your Financial Help)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 12:06:47 -0700 (PDT)
From: Anti-Prohibition Lg (aal@inetarena.com)
To: cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com
Subject: CanPat - The American Antiprohibition League
Sender: owner-cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com
Reply-To: cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com


Drug War, or Drug Peace?


"Penalties against possession of a drug should not be more damaging to an
individual than the use of the drug itself." -- President Jimmy Carter, 8/2/77

Summer 1998


My name is Floyd and in 1992 I started the American Antiprohibition
League, which is currently registered as a "political committee" with
the Oregon Secretary of State. My inspiration for starting the League
came from reading history. The history of Alcohol Prohibition, its
terrible consequences and its eventual demise. Most of our work is in
Oregon and primarily in the Portland metro area. To be perfectly
honest with you, at this point, the League is pretty much a one-man
show. I should also point out I have no formal education or much in
the way of political experience. But, I do have a passion for ending
this insane drug war and it has become my life's work.

In my limited yet eventful life as an activist, I have come to the
conclusion drug laws must do at least 3 things:

1) Protect children
2) Respect human rights
3) Reduce harm

1) I think the best way to protect kids is for the state to
decriminalize and carefully regulate all drugs, license the
manufacturers, distributors and enforce laws against providing a minor
with any adult drugs. The state should better balance its policy and
put at least equal emphasis on fundamental drug education, prevention,
research and treatment as it currently does on drug law enforcement and

2) I believe the best way to respect human rights is for the state to
treat drug abuse as a disease and as a public health problem. No
victim no crime, addiction is punishment enough. I also believe that
as a free man in the "pursuit of happiness" it is no one's business
what substance I consume as long as I harm no one else in the process.

3) Drug abuse is not a moral or religious issue, the state must be
objective about it, it is a basic health issue. We must resist the
urge to marginalize (sic) and stigmatize those with a serious disease
called addiction. Today the state drives this population underground
into contact, and often in participation with criminal elements. This
exacerbates the abuse, underage and crime problems. Nobody wins,
except the drug cartels.


For the last 6 years I and hundreds of volunteers have petitioned,
registered voters, organized rallies, staged numerous protests and even
a 3 day sit-in on the steps of the local jail. Amid the furry of this
activism and with help from even more volunteers, local businesses and
the County Health Department we started what's now called the Harm
Reduction Zone, a needle exchange, free food, and an anti-drug war
organizing/protest operation which runs Monday through Friday, 4p.m. to
6p.m. at a busy street corner (SE 38th & Hawthorne Blvd.) in Southeast

The Harm Reduction Zone is an humanitarian operation providing
street-level needle exchange, food and health care referrals for
indigent and often homeless addicts. The HRZ is also a founding member
of the Portland/Vancouver WA Harm Reduction Coalition. Gifts to the
HRZ are tax deductible (*).

When it comes to drug policy this is an exciting election year.
Several states, including Oregon, will vote on medical marijuana. In
Oregon it's MEASURE 67, the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act. We'll update
you on this soon.

The League is working very hard with a statewide coalition against
Measure 57, marijuana "recrim." The League is a founding member of
this coalition, our goal is to register 100,000 "JUST SAY NO TO MEASURE
57" voters around the state. Contributions to the League qualify for
an Oregon Income Tax Credit.

Both the League and the Harm Reduction Zone are working for what I
call "Drug Peace!"


No matter what happens this November I plan to continue working for
that "Drug Peace!" and reforming drug laws. We need to expand this
concept into other states as well. I need your help to do that.

So please if you have not already, take a moment now and give a
generous contribution to the folks who are fighting for you on the
front lines of this hypocritical and misdirected drug war. Consider it
an investment in the protection of your rights as a responsible adult,
along with the protection of our youth from the exploitative, and often
violent drugs black market. Prohibition does not work!

Thank you for your kind consideration.

Floyd Ferris Landrath - Director

* -- Please make checks or money orders payable to NASEN/HRZ, NASEN, is
the North American Syringe Exchange Network who hold HRZ funds in a
503-1-C (non-profit) trust account which we then draw upon for
supplies. A financial statement is available via SASE.

Salem Residential Street Turns Into Gangland Turf At Night
('The Associated Press' Says An Analysis Of Crime Records In Salem,
Oregon, By 'The Statesman Journal' Newspaper Indicates Gang Shootings
Have More Than Tripled In Salem, From 14 By The End Of August Last Year
To 47 So Far This Year)

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Salem residential street turns into gangland turf at night

The Associated Press
9/1/98 3:56 AM

SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- By day, Lee Street could be a residential street
anywhere in Oregon. Children ride their bikes, and people sit on their
porches talking with neighbors.

When the sun goes down, it becomes a battleground for gun-toting gangsters.

Mothers bring their kids indoors. People leave their front yards. The people
of Lee Street have reason to fear.

Four shootings have disrupted their street this year as gang violence climbs
on Salem's streets. Gang shootings have more than tripled in Salem from 14
by the end of August last year to 47 so far this year, according to an
analysis of city crime records by the Statesman Journal newspaper.

The city's gang enforcement unit has joined other agencies in Marion County
to help stop the violence. The county is hiring a special gang prosecutor.
Salem Hospital has tightened security because of the number of gang members
treated in the emergency room.

Among the people wounded this year in shootings on Lee Street were two
bystanders, and that's enough to make Janine Keltz want to move.

"It scares the hell out of me," she said.

Keltz laid down new rules for her children after a bicyclist became a random
target. They can't go alone to Lee Park, across the street.

"To them, it seems unreasonable," she said. "I'm looking at it that my kid
is going to get shot. That is my big fear."

Many gang members live on or near Lee Street.

"Gunshots aren't something unusual here anymore. It's part of life around
here," said Carl Vinson, 17, who lives next door to several gang members.

Karla Mayta, who bought a house in the same block a month ago, was warned
before she moved in.

"The mailman said you don't let your kids go to the park and you don't let
them out in the yard after 6," said Mayta, 27.

Gary Zander, another Lee Street resident, said the shootings have forced him
to go inside at sunset.

Zander and his neighbors shouldn't have to alter their lives to accommodate
gang violence, said Capt. Jerry Moore of the Salem Police Department.

"We want to make sure gang members don't control areas," Moore said. "We're
going to go wherever we perceive gang members to be."

The Salem and Keizer police departments and the Marion County Sheriff's
Office have formed a gang task force. In two months, it has seized 15 guns
from gang members.

Marion County probation officers and police are visiting gang members' homes
at night and to do surveillance of popular gang hangouts.

People like Cat Cavazos, a gang member-turned-counselor, are running
programs to convince gang members to quit. The Salem program he directs,
Street Vision, is geared to teens who've been arrested.

But sometimes it seems like that's too little, too late, Cavazos said.

"There are kids that have bought into the gang myth, and we'll never reach
them," he said.

Only 11 arrests have been made in Salem's 47 shootings this year.

Ben Burdette, 15, said he joined a gang for protection at school. Now, he
considers his fellow gang members to be family, and he's willing to fight
for them.

"I'm not afraid to die," he said.

Kaya Echols, 17, knows being seen with guys like Burdette could jeopardize
her safety. But she says being friends with gang members is a choice she has
made consciously.

Sometimes she feels safer being associated with gang members.

"We have protection," she said.

She and her friend, Vinson, scoff at Lee Street residents who say they are

"If parents want their kids to be safe, then take them up to a rich
neighborhood," Vinson said.

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

The 1998 Washington Hemp Voter's Guide (The Washington Hemp Education Network
Publicizes Its Poll Of Every Candidate For Washington's State Legislature,
Supreme Court, And Congressional Delegation, And Asks Your Help
In Distributing Its Results - 140 Candidates Responded, More Than 40 Percent
Of Those Polled, With 60 Percent Favoring Medical Marijuana
And Industrial Hemp, And 16 Percent Favoring The Decriminalization
Of Adults' Non-Medical Use)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 13:56:09 -0700 (PDT)
From: Robert Lunday (robert@HEMP.NET)
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Subject: The 1998 Washington Hemp Voter's Guide
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

On August 17th, the Washington Hemp Education Network sent letters to
every candidate to the State Legislature, the State Supreme Court, and
Washington State candidates to Congress. That letter was a survey of
candidate's positions on industrial hemp, medical marijuana, and the
adult personal use of marijuana. This is a preliminary release of the
results. The complete results of the survey will be published in the
1998 Washington Hemp Voter's Guide. 20,000 copies (or more, see below)
of the Voter's Guide are scheduled to be available the second week in
September. The Guide will be distributed throughout the state using
direct mail, drop point distribution and the Internet. In addition, a
Get out the Vote! tour of the state is planned to further educate and
activate Washington voters.

The response to the survey has been much greater than expected. One
hundred and forty candidates responded, over 40% of all candidates
polled! Much of that success can be attributed to the followup
activities to the candidate letter which included e-mail surveys and the
active volunteer base of the Washington Hemp Education Network who
phoned every candidate that did not respond to the original letter.

Each candidates was asked to answer the following question with a Yes,
No, or Undecided answer.

1. Do you support allowing Washington farmers to grow low-THC
(non-psychoactive) hemp for industrial use?
2. Do you support allowing the therapeutic use of medical marijuana?
3. Do you support the decriminalization of marijuana for personal use
by adults?

Of the 140 candidates who responded, 13 declined to have their answer
printed in the guide. This is a summary of the remained candidates who
answered the survey. Individual response will be printed in the guide.

		Yes		No		Undecided
Industrial	76 (60%)	15 (12%)	35 (28%)
Medical		75 (60%)	27 (21%)	24 (24%)
Adult		20 (16%)	72 (57%)	34 (27%)

In addition to providing responses for each candidate, the Hemp Voter's
Guide is provided to encourage communication between the voter and the
candidates that seek to represent them. The guide contains contact
information (phone, e-mail & website where available) for all candidates
and encourages voters to call candidates who have not yet responded to
the survey and "conduct your own personal survey". The guide also
contains voter information such as where to register to vote and how to
identify legislative districts. It also includes information on
hemp/marijuana, W.H.E.N., and how convicted felons CAN vote! The guide
is a 24 page pamphlet, 8 1/2" high by 4" wide with a 3 color
(Red/Blue/Black) cover. It is easily placed in a pocket or stuffed in a
standard business envelope.

Get out the Vote Road Trip

The week before primaries, from Sept. 8th through the 12th, the guide
will be distributed as a part of a "Get out the Vote!" effort. This
trip will focus on voter registration and education as well as bringing
like minded people together for a slideshow presentation on various
aspects of the movement. The impact of this road trip will be magnified
many times due to the willingness of Jim Goettler & Vivian McPeak to
make the tour. The combination of Jim and Vivian, as creators of the
1996 guide and producers of Seattle Hempfest, brings a wide range of
contacts across the state. This dynamic team has the ability to both
attract activists and speak intelligently to politicians and the media.

Distribution of the Guide

In addition to distribution at drop points throughout the state,
W.H.E.N. will be direct mailing the guide to as many supportive
organizational lists as possible. The November Coalition and the
Marijuana Policy Project have already agreed to distribute the guide to
their 1,500 Washington members and we are negotiating mailings with
other large organizations in Washington State. W.H.E.N. is seeking
support from additional organizations who would be interested in
distributing the guide to their organization.

How you can help

If you've read this far, I hope you agree that the Hemp Voter's Guide
will have a positive impact of the face of Washington Politics. Here
are a few things you can do help.

1. Help us print more guides!

We have currently budgeted for 20,000 copies of the guide to
be printed. In 1996, the 20,000 copies printed went fast,
and that was without direct mailings. W.H.E.N. would like to
print up to 30,000 copies of the guide so we have a reserve for
direct mailings to additional lists in Washington State. As we
have not yet gone to press, for every additional $92 pledged today
(Tuesday), we can print another 1000 guides. Future donations
will help pay for mailing the guide...but pledges today will
go directly towards printing more guides. Send a reply e-mail if
you can help.

2. Host the Get out the Vote tour.

We are looking for organizers/hosts in Washington State for the
Get Out the Vote! tour. If you can arrange a meeting place for a
couple of hours and gather a few friends, let Jim &
Vivian provide the slide show and entertainment. The tour
is planed for Sept 8th through Sept 12th. You'll leave
with voter power, knowledge, information & contacts to begin
to change the face of Washington politics for the beter.

3. Volunteer to distribute the guide. If you can help distribute the
guide, let us know where you would like to distribue the guide and
how many you will need.

Thank you all for helping build a strong NW hemp movement.


Robert Lunday
Washington Hemp Education Network

Monday Marches To End The Drug War (A List Subscriber
Posts An Update On The September 7 March Beginning At Denny Park
In Seattle And The October 5 Medical Marijuana March
Meeting At Harborview Hospital)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 00:13:28 -0700 (PDT)
From: turmoil (turmoil@hemp.net)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net, march@hemp.net, whenboard@hemp.net
Subject: HT: Monday Marches To End the Drug War
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net


Turmoil here just home from a great meeting about the next Monday Marches.

Here's the 'T' - Monday Sept 7th 6PM at Denny Park we will have Hemp
Voters Guides, Common Sense against Drug Policy, the new Hemp Activist
Times as well as massive flyers for the October March (Oct 5th - Marijuana
IS Medicine - Meet at Harborview Hospital ) to pass out to the
thousands of people going to and leaving Bumbershoot. we have a HUGE
audience in which to ply our warez.

Since we are SO ready and everything for the Sept rally, we spent alot of
time planning for our Oct Medical Marijauna Rally. This needs to be a big
one, and we have two areas of focus we want to concentrate on. 1.
Speakers - 2. Endorsments. - We need to really work to get people of note
to speak and people of like mind politics to endorse our protest. if you
belong to ANY group that might be willing to endorse our Monday March to
Legalize Medical Marijuana please send info to march@hemp.net - if you
know anyone who would need to speak at this march please send mail to
march@hemp.net - or feel free to call me anytime at 206/442-9404 - we have
a small list of people we would like to ask to speak and groups to endorse
our march. Ideas, suggestions, complaints. march@hemp.net

We WILL win.


Seattle Music Web

California Medical Marijuana Research Bill Dies (A Bulletin
From California NORML Says State Senator John Vasoncellos'
Medical Marijuana Research Bill, SB 535, Died Today As The Result
Of A Legislative Accident, When The Senate Adjourned Prematurely
Before The Assembly Could Finish Business)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 23:26:54 -0800
To: dpfca@drugsense.org, aro@drugsense.org
From: canorml@igc.apc.org (Dale Gieringer)
Subject: DPFCA: Cal Med MJ Research Bill Dies
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

SACRAMENTO, Sep. 1: Senator Vasoncellos' medical marijuana research
bill, SB 535, died as the result of a legislative accident today, when the
State Senate was adjourned prematurely before the Assembly could finish
business. SB 535 was on the floor of the Assembly and had a good shot at
passage, when Senate President John Burton announced he was adjourning the
State Senate early as part of a dispute with the Assembly concerning other

Medical marijuana backers were disappointed by the failure of SB
535, although Gov. Wilson was expected to veto the bill. They expect the
bill will be re-introduced and signed into law next year, since both
candidates for governor have announced their support for it.


Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // canorml@igc.apc.org
2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114

Lawmakers Eye Bill Authorizing Study Of Medicinal Marijuana
(The 'Capitol Alert' Version Published by 'The Sacramento Bee')

Date: Wed, 2 Sep 1998 02:45:12 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Lawmakers Eye Bill Authorizing Study Of Medicinal Marijuana
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Capitol Alert (Published by the Sacramento Bee)
Contact: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html
Website: http://www.capitolalert.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998


SACRAMENTO (AP) -- The question of whether marijuana has a legitimate
medical purpose would have been the focus of a University of
California-sponsored research program under a bill that died in the

Had it not failed Monday, the bill by Sen. John Vasconcellos, D-San Jose,
would have set up the California Marijuana Research Program at UC to make a
definitive study of medical value of the drug.

The proposal, backed by state Attorney General Dan Lungren and county
prosecutors, among others, would have authorized extensive scientific
investigation of the issue, and required status reports to the Legislature
every six months.

In 1996, California voters approved Proposition 215, which legalized the
cultivation of, use and possession of marijuana for medicinal purposes on a
doctor's recommendation.

But some law enforcement officials note that the initiative's provisions
conflict with other state and federal laws, and that the measure was
approved before medical and scientific investigation determined that the
drug was safe and efficacious.

The Vasconcellos bill was an attempt to correct the apparent flaws in
Proposition 215 by providing credible and unbiased research. The studies
would have sought to determine what diseases, if any, are helped by
marijuana treatment, and whether the drug should be smoked, or whether the
active ingredient should be isolated and taken in tablet or capsule form.

"We are not afraid of the truth. We are not afraid of the results of a
credible study," said Assemblyman Tom Woods, R-Shasta.

Judge Rejects Oakland's Pot Club But Denies Immediate Shutdown
(Yesterday's 'Associated Press' Article In 'The Sacramento Bee')

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 15:39:47 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Rejects Oakland's
Pot Club But Denies Immediate Shutdown
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Sacramento Bee
Contact: opinion@sacbee.com
Website: http://www.sacbee.com/
Pubdate: Tues,1 Sep 1998
Author: BOB EGELKO, Associated Press Writer


SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -- A federal judge on Monday rejected Oakland's attempt
to shield its medical marijuana club from federal drug laws by making it
part of city government, but refused to order the immediate shutdown of
clubs in Oakland and two other cities.

Instead, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer said he may allow a jury to
decide whether patients at the clubs need marijuana to relieve pain and
survive treatment for cancer, AIDS and other illnesses.

Breyer rejected both a request by the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative
to dismiss the federal government's suit and a motion by the government to
declare the clubs in contempt of court and close them without a trial. The
other two clubs are in Ukiah and the Marin County community of Fairfax.

The judge tentatively scheduled a hearing Sept. 28 on whether there should
be a trial, and allowed the clubs to remain open at least until then.

The clubs sprang up around California after passage of Proposition 215, the
November 1996 initiative that allows seriously ill patients to grow and use
marijuana for pain relief, with a doctor's recommendation, without being
prosecuted under state law.

But many of the clubs have been shut down through the efforts of Attorney
General Dan Lungren, who obtained state court rulings limiting the scope of
Proposition 215, and the Clinton administration's Justice Department, which
sued six clubs to enforce federal laws against marijuana distribution.

Breyer issued an injunction in May prohibiting the six Northern California
clubs from distributing marijuana while the government's suit was pending.
Three of the clubs have remained open, including the Oakland club, which
claims 2,000 members.

"We're going to remain open," the club's director, Jeff Jones, said after
Monday's hearing. "We feel what we're doing is a necessity to these

The club had hoped to win immunity from federal prosecution as a result of
Oakland's apparently unprecedented action Aug. 13, previously authorized by
the City Council, declaring club officials to be city agents who were
distributing marijuana to patients on the city's behalf.

In court, the club invoked a federal drug law that protects state and local
officers from legal liability while legally enforcing drug-related laws.
That law was intended to shield police from prosecution for undercover drug
transactions, but its wording also covers city agents who distribute medical
marijuana, argued Gerald Uelmen, a Santa Clara University law professor
representing the club.

"We're not dealing with a subversive effort to undercut the government's
drug war," Uelmen said. "This is a careful and good-faith effort to
implement the will of the people, consistent with federal law."

Breyer called the argument "creative" but "not persuasive." He said club
employees are not legally enforcing a drug-related law when their "purpose
is to violate federal law."

Uelmen said the club would appeal the ruling, though he did not know whether
an immediate appeal was possible.

But Breyer rejected government lawyers' arguments that there was conclusive
evidence the clubs were violating his injunction and should be shut down

The judge said he may order a jury trial on the issue of "medical
necessity": the clubs' claim that violation of a federal drug law was the
only way to pain that was serious, and in some cases life-threatening. He
did not rule on the government's argument that a club would have to be
closed if necessity could not be proven for every one of its patients.

Copyright The Associated Press
Copyright The Sacramento Bee

Judge Rejects Oakland Try To Shield Medical-Pot Club
(The Scripps Howard News Service Version, Also In 'The Sacramento Bee')

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 15:59:16 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Rejects
Oakland Try To Shield Medical-pot Club
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Sacramento Bee (CA)
Contact: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html
Website: http://www.sacbee.com/
Pubdate: 1 Sep 1998
Author: Claire Cooper


SAN FRANCISCO -- A judge on Monday rejected a novel attempt to protect
operators of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative from federal drug
charges by making the club a city agency.

Earlier, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer enjoined the Oakland club and
others from implementing Proposition 215, the 1996 state initiative that
legalized marijuana for seriously ill patients whose doctors recommend it.
Breyer said the law conflicted with the federal Controlled Substances Act.

Oakland responded in July with an ordinance designating operators of the
club in that city as city officials, claiming the designation gave them
immunity from prosecution under a section of the federal law that was
designed for undercover agents participating in drug deals.

Defense lawyer Gerald Uelmen said in court Monday that the city's action
was ``a good-faith effort'' to ``harmonize'' Proposition 215 and the
federal law.

Breyer replied, ``While I think it's creative, it's not persuasive.'' He
said the city lacked the power to carve away part of the federal anti-drug

In rejecting the strategy, Breyer did not foreclose other defenses.

Federal prosecutors had asked him to cite three of the clubs -- in Oakland,
Ukiah and Fairfax -- for violating his injunction.

The judge refused to act on the request and tentatively set another hearing
for Sept. 28 to consider whatever specific evidence of violations the
government can muster.

He also said he will consider defense arguments that individual patients
cannot be prosecuted because their actions were justified by ``medical

Mark Quinlivan, a lawyer with the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington,
D.C., said the government would oppose any such immunity grant.

(Distributed by Scripps Howard News Service.)

Oakland Loses Bid To Shield Medical Pot Club From US
('The Orange County Register' Version)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 18:25:24 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Oakland Loses Bid
To Shield Medical Pot Club From U.S.
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W.Black
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998


A federal judge Monday rejected Oakland's attempt to shield its medical
marijuana club from federal drug laws by making it part of city government
but refused to order the immediate shutdown of clubs in Oakland and two
other cities.

Instead, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer said he may allow a jury to
decide whether patients at the clubs need marijuana to relieve pain and
survive treatment for cancer, AIDS and other illnesses.

Breyer rejected both a request by the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative
to dismiss the federal government's suit and a motion by the government to
close the clubs without a trial. The other clubs are in Ukiah and Fairfax.

The judge tentatively scheduled a hearing Sept. 28 on whether there should
be a trial, and allowed the clubs to remain open at least until then.

Pot Club Defense Fails, But Doors Still Open
('The National Law Journal' Version)

From: BulldogUSA@aol.com
Date: Wed, 2 Sep 1998 12:56:37 EDT
To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Subject: DPFCA: Fwd: Judge Breyer's decision
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

Date: Wed, 2 Sep 1998 10:39:39 -0500
Sender: Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT-L@TAMU.EDU)
Subject: Judge Breyer's decision
Comments: To: DPFT-list (DPFT-L@tamu.edu)

I got this one from the National Law Journal . . . .


Pot Club Defense Fails, But Doors Still Open

Breyer Rejects Federal Request to Shutter Clubs

Cal Law
September 1, 1998

By Paul Elias

Oakland's novel bid to immunize proprietors of its medical marijuana club
from federal drug laws failed to impress U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer
at a hearing Monday.

"While I think it's creative, it's not persuasive," said Breyer, knocking
down the city's bid to include club workers in a federal provision that
exempts undercover narcotics officers from prosecution under the Controlled
Substances Act.

But at the same time, Breyer refused a request from federal prosecutors to
order the U.S. Marshals Service to shutter the Oakland club and two other
marijuana distributors still open for business in Marin and Mendocino

Instead, Breyer ordered more briefing on the issue and left open the door,
however slightly, for a jury to hear the matter.

"If they are actually in business, that may very well be in violation, but
we have to see what the defenses are," said Breyer, who mentioned medical
necessity as an example of a defense that a jury might be allowed to

The government had asked Breyer to hold the clubs in contempt of an
injunction the judge issued in May ordering the clubs closed. Breyer ruled
at the time that "there is a strong likelihood" that they violated federal
law prohibiting, in any way, the use of marijuana.

But Breyer said Monday that the defendants may be entitled to have a jury
hear the contempt issue and asked both sides for briefing. The government
could avoid going to a jury if Breyer grants a motion severely limiting what
kind of defense the clubs can put on, he said.

Months ago Breyer ruled that the Controlled Substances Act, which classifies
marijuana in the same category as heroin and cocaine and makes the drug
illegal in just about every situation, trumps state and local laws to the

Oakland lawyers countered with an exemption in the 28-year-old law that was
apparently carved out to allow undercover narcotics agents to buy and sell
illicit drugs during criminal investigations. Santa Clara University law
professor Gerald Uelmen, representing Oakland at the hearing, argued
unsuccessfully that the exemption to "officers" extended to civil
servants -- such as those at the Oakland club who had been deputized by the

"We are violating federal law," Uelmen argued. "But we can't be held civilly
or criminally liable."

In effect, Uelmen argued, the club workers are official municipal agents of
Oakland, and as such are immune from the law just as U.S. Postal inspectors
are immune from "conversion of property" prosecution when they destroy
illegal drugs they have seized.

U.S. Department of Justice lawyer David Anderson argued that Oakland was
trying to create a huge loophole that could lead to other cities' passing
similar ordinances that would allow for municipally sanctioned sales of
other drugs.

"It was pretty obvious what Congress was getting at," when it included the
exemption, Anderson argued in beating back Oakland's position.

Breyer sided with the government, saying that to agree with Oakland's
position would be to greatly limit the court's powers. For instance, he
argued, police officers often enjoy qualified immunity for illegal actions
such as putting suspects into choke holds. While the court could not
personally punish the officers involved, it nonetheless has the authority to
issue orders restraining future, similar behavior.

Likewise, Breyer reasoned, even if the Oakland workers were immune from
prosecution because of their municipal status, the court could nonetheless
enjoin their behavior if it were deemed illegal.

Reporter Paul Elias' e-mail address is pelias@therecorder.com

Oakland's Effort To Shield Pot Club Rejected ('The Los Angeles Times' Version)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 19:12:07 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Oakland's Effort to Shield Pot Club Rejected
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998


SAN FRANCISCO--A federal judge on Monday rejected Oakland's attempt to
shield its medical marijuana club from federal drug laws the immediate
shutdown of clubs in Oakland and two other cities.

Instead, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer said he may allow a jury to
decide whether patients at the clubs need marijuana to relieve pain and
survive treatment for cancer, AIDS and other illnesses.

Breyer rejected a request by the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative to
dismiss the federal government's suit and a motion by the government to
declare the clubs in contempt of court and close them without a trial. The
other two clubs are in Ukiah and the Marin County community of Fairfax.

The judge tentatively scheduled a hearing for Sept. 28 on whether there
should be a trial, and allowed the clubs to remain open at least until

The clubs sprang up throughout California after passage of Proposition 215,
the November 1996 initiative that allows seriously ill patients to grow and
use marijuana for pain relief with a doctor's recommendation without being
prosecuted under state law.

But many of the clubs have been shut down through the efforts of Atty. Gen.
Dan Lungren, who obtained state court rulings limiting the scope of
Proposition 215, and the Clinton administration's Justice Department, which
sued six clubs to enforce federal laws against marijuana distribution.

Breyer issued an injunction in May prohibiting the six Northern California
clubs from distributing marijuana while the government's suit was pending.
Three of the clubs have remained open, including the Oakland club, which
says it has 2,000 members.

The club had hoped to win immunity from federal prosecution as a result of
Oakland's apparently unprecedented action Aug. 13, previously authorized by
the City Council, declaring club officials to be city agents who were
distributing marijuana to patients on the city's behalf.

In court, the club invoked a federal drug law that protects state and local
officers from legal liability while legally enforcing drug-related laws.
That law was intended to shield police from prosecution for undercover drug
transactions, but its wording also covers city agents who distribute
medical marijuana, argued Gerald Uelmen, a Santa Clara University law
professor representing the club.

"We're not dealing with a subversive effort to undercut the government's
drug war," Uelmen said. "This is a careful and good-faith effort to
implement the will of the people, consistent with federal law." Breyer
called the argument "creative" but "not persuasive."

Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times.

Medical Marijuana Clubs Lose Round In Court (The 'Reuters' Version)

Date: Wed, 9 Sep 1998 00:58:22 -0700 (PDT)
To: editor@mapinc.org
Subject: ART: Medical marijuana clubs lose round in court
Yahoo! News
Human Interest Headlines

Tuesday September 1 4:52 PM EDT

Medical marijuana clubs lose round in court

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - In a blow to California's embattled medical
marijuana movement, a federal judge has ruled that the U.S. government may
continue its legal drive to stamp out clubs that distribute the drug.

U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer late Monday refused to dismiss a Justice
Department suit against the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative, one of the
few organizations still attempting to distribute marijuana under the
provisions of California's 1996 medical marijuana law.

But Breyer also declined to issue an immediate order shutting the clubs in
Oakland, Fairfax and Ukiah -- saying they could remain in operation at least
until a Sept. 28 hearing on whether the entire issue should be put before a

Club officials say their organizations exist to distribute medical marijuana
to people with AIDS, cancer and other serious diseases, but federal
officials say they are in clear violation of federal narcotics laws.

Breyer's decision upholding the federal suit was a setback for club
officials, who three weeks ago won what they thought was considerable legal
protection when city officials named them ``officers of the city of Oakland.''

The judge said that move -- extending legal immunity normally meant to apply
only to undercover police engaged in narcotics work -- was not enough to
stop the federal suit.

``While I appreciate your argument and think it's creative, it's not
persuasive,'' Breyer told the club's lawyers.

Jeff Jones, head of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative, said Tuesday he
was confident that any California jury would back the club, which was
founded after California voters passed a state law legalizing medical use of
marijuana in 1996.

``We've always wanted to see this decided before a jury of Californians,''
Jones said. ``We feel that when it gets to a jury of our peers, they will
make the decision that they did at the ballot box.''

The Oakland club, which distributes the drug to some 1,800 people, has
received strong backing from city officials who say it is fulfilling an
important public health service and is run in an exemplary manner.

Oakland officials have said in the past that if the federal government
continued its efforts to close the club, they would consider taking on the
job of marijuana distribution themselves -- becoming the first municipality
in the country to distribute the drug.

West Oakland Home Site Of Pot Bust ('The Oakland Tribune'
Notes A Local Cultivation Bust Involving 500 Plants,
Allegedly Intended For Non-Medical Use)

Date: Wed, 2 Sep 1998 19:50:02 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: West Oakland Home Site Of Pot Bust
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff
Pubdate: Tue, 01 Sep 1998
Source: Oakland Tribune
Contact: triblet@angnewspapers.com
Author: Harry Harris, Staff Writer


Alleged Grower Used Intricate System

OAKLAND -- Apparent telephone troubles on Monday afternoon led to the
seizure of more than 500 marijuana plants inside a West Oakland Victorian
that the resident had turned Into a sophisticated greenhouse, police said.

Police placed the potential value of the marijuana, which ranged from
seedlings `just a few inches high to mature plants several feet tall, at
tens of thousands of dollars. It was one of the largest single seizures of
marijuana in Oakland in recent memory, police said.

The alleged grower, Gregory Kupsch, 22, who has lived in the house on the
1700 block of Eighth Street since March, was arrested for investigation of
cultiva-. tion of marijuana and possession of marijuana for sale. He was
being held at the Oakland City Jail in lieu of $20,000 bail. Police said he
told them he was raising the marijuana to sell and was not using it for
medicinal purposes.

Community policing officers Steve Clilari and Anthony Toriblo went to the
house about 1 p.m. after a 911 call was made to the communications center
from the home. There was extreme static on the line and dispatchers got the
same interference when they tried to call back. A regular telephone
operator got the same response trying to check the line, police said.

The two officers were sent to the home to make sure everything was all
right there. They found Kupsch in the front yard and he said he had been
having phone problems. When the officers asked him if they could make sure
everything was all right inside the house, he gave them permission to check.

As soon as they did, they were hit by the strong odor of marijuana plants,
police said. Kupsch eventually agreed to take officers on a tour of the
home while explaining to them details of his operation, Sgt. Dave Kozickl

Kupsch, originally from New Jersey, allegedly told police all of the plants
were the result of one "mother plant." He showed officers how he would cut
off a branch of one plant, soak it in nutrients and replant it.

"He was very proud of his plants. He treated them like they were his
children," Officer Rand Monda said. The rooms contained sophisticated
irrigation, lighting and ventilation equipment. The plants were in troughs
that, utilizing timers, had water and nutrients pumped in and out every six
hours, police said.

Kupsch allegedly told police it took a plant six months to reach maturity
and that he had a crop he was about to sell for $10,000. He allegedly said
that during his during his time in the house he had lost one crop to spider

Surprised neighbors told police they had no idea what was going on inside
the house. The investigation is continuing.

Teen-Age Informants Law (A Staff Editorial In 'The Orange County Register'
Says A Bill Passed By The Legislature Friday Will Prevent Teen-Age
Drug Informants Like 17-Year-Old Chad MacDonald Of Yorba Linda, California,
From Being Tortured And Killed In The Future - Under The New Law,
A 17-Year-Old Still Can Be An Undercover Informant, But Only After
A More Rigorous Process In Which A Court Would Clearly Lay Out
The Pros And Cons To Youngsters And Their Parents Would Have
A Final Veto Power - As If The Pros And Cons Weren't Clear Before
And Parents Didn't Have Veto Power Previously)
Link to earlier story
Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 19:08:17 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: Teen-Age Informants Law Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: letters@link.freedom.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 TEEN-AGE INFORMANTS LAW No action by any human being can return Chad MacDonald of Brea to his family and friends. But a bill passed by the state Legislature Friday could make it less likely that people his age will be put in harm's way as he was. Given the huge majorities by which the state Senate and Assembly passed "Chad's Law," which places serious restrictions on the use by police of informants younger than 18, Governor Wilson is likely to sign the bill, giving the MacDonald family something lasting and constructive to hang onto when considering his bittersweet legacy. Chad MacDonald was 17 in January when he was arrested for possession of about a half-ounce of amphetamine and Brea police suggested he might avoid prosecution if he became an undercover informant. His mother consented - reluctantly, she says - and Chad started giving police information and wore a wire during at least one drug-buying meeting. The police say he was no longer working for them when he visited a drug house in Paramount, but witnesses say those who beat and killed him called him a "snitch." Republican Assemblyman Scott Baugh introduced a bill to prohibit police from using people younger than 15 for undercover work, and to put in place stricter guidelines for those aged 15 to 17. During committee hearings the age was reduced to 13 and the advisory procedure was refined. Youngsters aged 15 and 16 who participate in "stings" to catch those selling tobacco to teen-agers were exempted. Some law enforcement agencies that had been inclined to oppose the bill came to support it because it offered firm guidelines in an area of police work where few clear guidelines had existed. Under the new law, a 17-year-old still can be an undercover informant, but only after a more rigorous process in which a court would clearly lay out the pros and cons to youngsters and their parents and have a final veto power. For a while it looked as if the bill would get bottled up, but on Thursday the state Senate approved it 37-0; on Friday the Assembly agreed to the Senate version by a 70-1 vote. Assemblyman Baugh's office told us Monday that the final count was 77-1 by the time Assembly members who had not cast votes in person were given time to register votes later. A constructive response to a tragedy doesn't eliminate the pain and regret. But if fewer teen-agers are placed in potentially dangerous circumstances as a result of this law some solace might be found.

Fear Of Failure ('The Las Vegas Review-Journal' Describes 'Ur-Ine Trouble,'
A Book That Attacks Workplace Drug Testing, By Dr. Kent Holtorf,
A Physician From Phoenix, Arizona)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 11:02:00 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US NV: Fear Of Failure
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV)
Contact: letters@lvrj.com
Fax: 702-383-4676
Website: http://www.lvrj.com/lvrj_home/
Pubdate: Tue, 01 Sep 1998
Author: Joan Whitely Review-Journal


Drug testing can cost workers, applicants a job

Drug testing is a common practice in the U.S. workplace, but players in
that process share only limited common ground. The players are employers
and employees -- and their respective attorneys -- as well as job
applicants, drug-testing labs and one Arizona physician who authored a book
that attacks workplace drug testing.

Testing is a protection of their investment, many employers believe. Aside
from the potential for workplace accidents or absences because of
impairment from drugs, "there are statistics linking (workers' substance
abuse) to an increased potential for theft," notes Diane Younghans,
marketing director of toxicology in Las Vegas for Associated Pathologists

Organized labor groups, in contrast, want to limit the extent of testing as
an issue of personal liberty.

Culinary union members agree only to pre-employment testing and testing for
on-the-job problems.

The union does not support random testing. It also opposes hair testing,
which measures "historical (drug) use as opposed to use at work," says
attorney Rich McCracken, who represents Culinary Local 226.

"The membership is not sympathetic to drug and alcohol abusers but ...
they're hired to give the time they're paid for. When they're not at work
they're entitled to do what they want," McCracken says.

"All kinds of decision-making in private life may have ramifications at
work. But are they going to say no divorces because it causes disruptions
at work?"

To detect on-the-job drug use, the Culinary strongly favors blood testing,
rather than urine. Blood testing, however, is more costly. Further, blood
testing would be the least apt to turn up positives, Younghans contends.

"Ur-ine Trouble" is the title of a 1998 book by Dr. Kent Holtorf, who is in
general practice in the Phoenix area. His book asserts pre-employment drug
testing tramples personal rights, is error-riddled and diverts precious
resources from counseling programs that successfully combat substance abuse.

But many Las Vegas employers mandate drug testing. "I would say the
majority of employers in the valley test -- the medium to large companies
and quite a few of the small ones," says Younghans.

She estimates that her lab, Associated Pathologists, also known as APL,
services at least 50 percent of the local employers who do drug testing.
The type and frequency of drug testing varies by an employer's philosophy
and budget.

The most common scenarios are testing to obtain a job, after an accident
has happened, or when an employee shows behavior or other signs -- such as
liquor on the breath -- that suggest drug impairment.

A few lines of work require random drug testing. Anyone who holds a
commercial driver's license, for example, is subject to random testing.
Culinary members have had language regarding drug testing written into
their collective-bargaining agreements since 1980, McCracken reports. But
recently, even small businesses are adopting drug-testing, just to remain
competitive. Younghans asserts, "(Otherwise) they're hiring the people that
can't get a job at the companies that are testing." Holtorf's book makes
claims that spawned varied feedback from local players in the drug-testing

He asserts that some companies favor workplace drug testing, not because it
decreases accidents, but because they get a discount on health-insurance
premiums if they test.

Insurance companies, according to Holtorf, also favor post-accident drug
testing because a positive test result allows an employer to fire the
worker, terminate health benefits and prevent payment of unemployment

That chain of events works fine if the test result is, indeed, from illicit
use of a drug.

But an injured, wrongfully terminated employee may have difficulty coming
up with the funds to go to court to argue either that the test came up
positive from a drug used weeks earlier -- as opposed to shortly before the
accident -- or from a legitimate medical prescription, over-the-counter
drug or even a food.

Does a positive test result mean recent drug use? Not necessarily, points
out McCracken: "Marijuana, for example, is stored up in organs and excreted
at irregular intervals."

Nor does a positive test result always mean any illicit drug use has
occurred. Dennis Kist, a Las Vegas attorney who represents the Teamsters
union, recalls a case that went to arbitration involving a union member
fired after testing positive for THC, the narcotic chemical in marijuana.

"We won the arbitration," Kist says, by showing that the worker was taking
several products he bought at a local health-food store.

The products were labeled as containing ephedrine. But Kist ordered product
testing, which revealed they also contained some trace amounts of THC.

"You never know what's in these (natural) products," Kist concludes. "There
was no proof that he knowingly took these (unlabeled ingredients)."

The Canadian snowboarder who won, temporarily lost, and then ultimately
regained his medal in the 1998 Winter Olympics is a perfect example of the
limitations of drug testing, according to Holtorf. The athlete claimed he
was exposed secondhand to marijuana smoke, while at a party. "The
drug-testing industry is ecstatic he didn't claim hempseed oil," says
Holtorf in a telephone interview.

The oil -- a nutritional supplement that can be used in making falafel,
pizza or muffins -- comes from the hemp plant. Hemp and marijuana are both
varieties of the cannabis sativa plant, but hemp usually contains less than
1 percent of THC while marijuana plants typically contain 10 percent to 20

On the hempseed factor in marijuana testing, APL's Younghans declined to
comment. But in any testing program, she notes, it's the job of the
medical-review officer to weed out legitimate positives from incriminating

Employers who test either hire their own medical-review officer outside of
APL, or interpret test results on their own, Younghans says. But MROs --
drug-testing jargon for the review officers -- can easily scratch names of
drug-positive job candidates off a hire list without investigating whether
the positive was legitimate, Holtorf contends.

"I couldn't comment on that (MRO failure to investigate) because I don't
know what an employer does," responds Younghans.

A worker who is fired with a legitimate positive may have legal appeal
options. But the prospective worker, a job candidate who fails to get hired
because of such a result, has no recourse. Holtorf's book also cites
studies suggesting that, in some laboratories, more than 50 percent of
positive drug tests are because of laboratory error.

"The bulk of the errors could be attributed to inadequate personnel, poor
management, broken chain of custody (of test samples), faulty maintenance
(of testing equipment) and faulty transmission of reports," he writes.

Younghans counters that APL is a federally certified lab, one which meets a
set of more rigorous standards than some competitors. "We're the only local
... certified laboratory," she notes.

Holtorf, who graduated from the St. Louis University School of Medicine in
1991, is a partner in the ownership of Arizona-based Vandalay Press, which
published "Ur-ine Trouble."

In 1996, the Arizona Board of Medical Examiners recorded a complaint
against him, for substance abuse. He subsequently underwent rehabilitation
and his Arizona medical license has been in good standing for two years,
according to Stephanie Cartozian, a spokeswoman for Vandalay Press. "That
doesn't affect the caliber of what he wrote," Cartozian says.

Jury Hears Witnesses In Oregon's Death ('The Houston Chronicle'
Says Harris County Grand Jurors Investigating The Killing
Of Pedro Oregon Navarro In Houston, Texas, Started Hearing Testimony Monday
From People Who Were In The Innocent Man's Apartment The Night
Six Prohibition Agents Burst In Without A Warrant And Shot Him 12 Times
From The Rear)

Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 19:28:07 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: TX: Jury Hears Witnesses In Oregon's Death
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998
Source: Houston Chronicle (TX)
Contact: viewpoints@chron.com
Website: http://www.chron.com/
Author: Steve Brewer


Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle

Harris County grand jurors investigating the death of Pedro Oregon Navarro
started hearing testimony Monday from people who were in the man's apartment
the night police burst in without a warrant and shot him.

Oregon's brother-in-law testified, and his brother had just begun when the
panel broke for the day, said Paul Nugent, an attorney representing the
Oregon family.

Later this week, grand jurors are expected to hear more testimony from
Oregon's brother and a female friend, who was also in the apartment.

The witnesses had no comment as they left the grand jury meeting room.

"They're important witnesses because they were in the apartment when police
came in, and they're the only nonpolice witnesses to the break-in," Nugent

Monday's testimony marked the third day of grand jury deliberations on the
controversial police shooting, which has prompted criticism of police,
protests and calls for justice from local groups and community activists.

Oregon, 22, died July 12 in a hail of bullets fired by six police officers
who were following a tip from an informant that drugs were being sold in the

A shot fired by one officer hit another officer in his bullet-resistant vest
and knocked him to the floor, police said. The officers, who are now on paid
suspensions, apparently thought the shot had been fired by Oregon and they
opened fire.

They fired about 30 rounds, and 12 of them hit Oregon. Nine struck him in
the back, one in the back of the head, one in back of the shoulder and one
in the back of the hand.

No drugs were found in the apartment, and Oregon had not fired a gun at
police, though one was found in the apartment. Oregon, who had no criminal
record, also had no traces of drugs or alcohol in his system.

Richard Mithoff, an attorney for Oregon survivors, said the family is
keeping a close watch on the inquiry.

"They're waiting and, as I've said before, we have explained our system of
justice to them, and they have put their faith in our system," Mithoff said.

The investigating grand jury meets only on Mondays and Wednesdays, and
prosecutors have said they have several days of testimony to present.

New Special Prosecutor Assigned In Police Commissioner's Case
('The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel' Says The New Prosecutor
Was Appointed Monday To Satisfy Objections By The Attorney For Gary Behnke,
A Slinger, Wisconsin, Police Commissioner Accused Of Drunken Driving
And Possession Of Marijuana)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 16:07:06 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US WI: New Special Prosecutor Assigned In Police
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI)
Contact: jsedit@onwis.com
Website: http://www.jsonline.com/
Pubdate: 1 Sep 1998
Fax: (414) 224-8280
Author: Amy Rabideau Silvers Journal Sentinel


West Bend -- A new special prosecutor was appointed Monday to satisfy
objections by the attorney for a Slinger police commissioner accused of
drunken driving and possession of marijuana.

Ozaukee County District Attorney Sandy Williams had been appointed to serve
as special prosecutor in the case of Commissioner Gary Behnke.

Adam Gerol, an Ozaukee County assistant district attorney, instead appeared
in Washington County court to serve as special prosecutor.

"My understanding is it's not the office of the attorney that's appointed,"
said Alan D. Eisenberg, Behnke's lawyer. "It's the attorney who is
appointed . . . and Sandy Williams is not here."

Behnke, 46, of Slinger was arrested in February for allegedly driving while
intoxicated. A Washington County sheriff's deputy observed him swerving and
stopped him in the Town of Addison. Behnke allegedly had a blood-alcohol
level of 0.13, in excess of the 0.10 level that is considered evidence of

In April, he was a passenger during another traffic stop. The woman driving
his car was cited for drunken driving. A search of Behnke's vehicle found a
small pipe that appeared to contain marijuana, marijuana debris and a
canister with about half an ounce of marijuana, according to a criminal

Gerol said he was appearing as Williams' designated assistant, adding he
was not familiar with any legal arguments to the contrary. Washington
County Circuit Judge Leo Schlaefer said he was not sure about the matter

The answer proved to be simple enough, however.

"I'll appoint this counsel," Schlaefer said, referring to Gerol. "And
rescind the appointment of Sandy Williams."

Eisenberg next said he intended to seek a motion to suppress evidence in
the criminal case. A Friday deadline was set for filing that motion. The
traffic matters will remain pending until the drug case is resolved.

Burton Warns About Magazine Story On His Sex Life
(An 'Indianapolis Star And News' Article In 'The Seattle Times'
Notes Representative Dan Burton, The Indiana Congressman Whose Son
Got Favorable Treatment After Two Marijuana Busts, Is Bracing
For 'Vanity Fair' Magazine To Challenge His Ethics)
Link to earlier story
From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net) To: "-Hemp Talk" (hemp-talk@hemp.net) Subject: HT: Sen. Burton's son was caught with a load of smuggled pot Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 19:25:40 -0700 Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company Posted at 05:59 a.m. PDT; Tuesday, September 1, 1998 Burton warns about magazine story on his sex life by John Strauss and Mary Beth Schneider Indianapolis Star and News
Link to earlier story
INDIANAPOLIS - In a rare case of the reaction coming before the story, Rep. Dan Burton has begun warning people in his central Indiana district that a national magazine is planning a "scandal story" about his personal life. A reporter from Vanity Fair spent seven weeks in the state talking to more than 200 friends and associates, Burton said yesterday. "They've talked to women I've known in my life, they've talked to friends and relatives, kids I went to grade school with," the Republican congressman told a town-hall meeting in Frankfort. Vanity Fair and several other news organizations have been investigating reports that Burton has had relationships outside his marriage. But a spokeswoman for Vanity Fair, Beth Kseniak, said late yesterday that no story on Burton appears in the magazine's next issue, due on newsstands Sept. 9. "It's not illegal, anything I've done," Burton said yesterday. "But my wife and I - and I hate to tell you this - but my wife and I were separated three times in our 38-year marriage." But "if something comes out that you read about, that you think Danny shouldn't have done, I will own up to it. I won't lie about it. I will tell the truth," he said. Burton declined to answer specific questions about his relationships with women other than his wife. Burton, 60, was first elected to Congress in 1982. He routinely carries his district by margins of greater than 60 percent. He has been leading an investigation into President Clinton's campaign finances as chairman of the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee. He said Clinton's supporters spread rumors about his personal life in an effort to intimidate him into giving up the probe. "But I want you to know that I'm not going to back down on this investigation a half-inch," Burton said. Said Vanity Fair's Kseniak: "It's totally ludicrous that the White House would orchestrate any story in Vanity Fair."

Drug Pipe Report Spurs City Probe ('The Des Moines Register'
Says City And Police Officials In Clive, Iowa, Are Investigating Allegations
That A Marijuana Pipe Was Found At A July Party Attended By Some City Leaders
And Members Of The Volunteer Fire Department)

Date: Tue, 8 Sep 1998 08:41:39 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US IA: Drug Pipe Report Spurs City Probe
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Carl Olsen
Source: Des Moines Register (IA)
Contact: letters@news.dmreg.com
Website: http://www.dmregister.com/
Pubdate: 01 Sep 98
Author: Estela Villanueva, Register Staff Writer


Clive city and police officials are investigating allegations that a
marijuana pipe was found at a July party attended by some city leaders
and members of the volunteer fire department, authorities said Monday.

City officials said that the case is being investigated as a personnel
matter, and they would not provide details.

Clive City Manager Dennis Henderson said the incident reportedly took
place at a July 25 going-away party for the former fire chief at the
home of Dave Ennen, a volunteer firefighter and member of Clive's
planning and zoning commission. Ennon did not return calls to his
home Monday.

"The allegation is that there was a small, silver marijuana pipe
spotted at the party," Henderson said.

He would not comment on anyone involved and said that, to his
knowledge, no drugs were found.

"It's a personnel matter at this point. We tried to keep it as such
and handle it in that manner," he said.

Clive Police Chief Dean Dymond said that his department received a
report from the Iowa State Patrol, but that it did not contain enough
information to warrant charges. He said he would not release a copy
because the report was made by another agency and is still under
investigation. State Patrol officials said they were not aware of such
a report.

Four of Clive's five City Council members said Monday that they were
unaware of the investigation. The fifth, Councilman John Schiefer,
said he had attended the party, but he would not comment at length.

Clive Mayor Robert Brownell said that he and Henderson met with
members of the firefighters association at a regular meeting three or
four weeks after the party.

"We wanted to assure the fire department that appropriate action would
be taken against disciplinary matters," Brownell said.

At this point, city officials said, they have no evidence to support
the allegations.

Henderson added that the context of the meeting with the association
was to ask volunteers to trust that city officials will conduct a
thorough investigation. If warranted, disciplinary action will be
taken, he said.

Acting Fire Chief Tony Collins, who was not at the party, said he
fears the department will suffer repercussions.

He added that the city is looking into every angle possible to check
on the charges, including drug testing. Procedures also are in place
if drug use is discovered, but they depend on the circumstances, he
said. One option could be substance-abuse rehabilitation.

"I have zero tolerance, and am taking these allegations very
seriously," Collins said.

Deaths Likely To Double In 1998
(According To 'The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,' Milwaukee Police
Have Seized 60 Percent More Heroin Than One Year Ago
And The Medical Examiner's Office Said Monday That Heroin-Related Deaths
In Milwaukee County Are Expected To More Than Double In 1998 - To 25)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 19:12:37 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US WI: Heroin Deaths Likely to Double in 1998
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI)
Contact: jsedit@onwis.com
Fax: (414) 224-8280
Website: http://www.jsonline.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 01 Sep 1998
Author: Jessica McBride of the Journal Sentinel staff


Milwaukee police seizing 60% more of the drug than one year ago

Heroin-related deaths to date in Milwaukee County have already surpassed
totals for each of the past two years and are expected to more than double
in 1998, the medical examiner's office said Monday.

Meanwhile, Milwaukee police said they are confiscating 60% more heroin than
at this time last year. The rise comes after the formation of a task force
announced in August to combat a new potent form of heroin here.

Warren Hill, the investigative coordinator for the medical examiner's
office, said there have been 15 heroin or morphine-related deaths in
Milwaukee County this year to date; the office is projecting a total of 25
by the end of the year. That's compared with 10 in all of 1997 and seven in

Heroin breaks down in the body too soon to be detected by medical
examiner's officials, but it remains detectable as morphine, Hill said.
Deaths tagged by the medical examiner as solely heroin-related are already
nine, up from two for all of 1997 and five in 1996. Some of the morphine
deaths also are probably heroin, Hill said.

Already, the human cost of the drug is obvious in the medical examiner's
files. Fifteen lives have become 15 manila folders filled with toxicology
reports and photographs of corpses.

Take 26-year-old Susan Beecher. Beecher, of the 3100 block of N. 83rd St.,
was found unconscious of a heroin overdose Jan. 15 in a downtown Holiday
Inn restroom and died two days later.

Beecher's mother told investigators that her daughter began a life of
substance abuse after being sexually abused as a teenager. She was unable
to work after a severe car accident. And she had a boyfriend with a drug
problem whom the mother "just could not get her daughter away from,"
reports say.

That boyfriend, Andrew Jackson Owens Jr., 47, was himself found dead July
11 of a heroin and cocaine overdose in the home the couple had shared,
according to reports on file with the medical examiner.

His body was found on a living room floor, surrounded by needles, spoons, a
mirror, razor blade, crack pipe and syringes, reports say. A tourniquet was
wrapped around his arm. Investigators found Beecher's room nearby still
filled with her possessions.

Other deaths include a 28-year-old West Allis man in the midst of a bitter
divorce; a 47-year-old Milwaukee veteran who had just lost his job as a
boiler attendant at a high school; and a 23-year-old inmate at a community
correctional facility who went to a heroin party while he was supposed to
be getting drug treatment.

Law enforcement officials announced Aug. 18 that they were forming a
special squad of federal, state and local law enforcement agents to combat
an "extremely potent and highly addictive" heroin now being found here.

Jack Riley, head of the local office of the U.S. Drug Enforcement
Administration, and U.S. Sen. Russ Feingold (D-Wis.) announced that the new
task force would be funded through a $3 million federal high intensity drug
trafficking area grant. It includes members of the DEA, FBI, U.S. Customs
Service, the Sheriff's Department, Milwaukee Police Department and state
Division of Narcotics Enforcement.

Officials are calling the drug "new heroin" because it's a very pure, cheap
and highly potent form that can be smoked or inhaled, as opposed to being
injected with needles.

Hill said it's usually not possible to determine for certain how a person
took the drug or whether it was "new heroin."

But he did say of those who died from overdoses, "It looks like with some
of the heroin, they are not injecting it, they mix the new stuff with
cocaine or use it for smoking. We're seeing more heroin mixed with cocaine
this year."

Likewise, Capt. Raymond Sucik of the Milwaukee Police Department said the
police are analyzing drugs confiscated to determine whether the increase
was due solely to the newer form of heroin.

Sucik, however, would not reveal exactly how much heroin officials have

But he said, "We're seeing with the pure forms of heroin that people are
doing other things with it than injecting it. They're smoking it or they're
sniffing it."

Officials said the "new heroin" first appeared in the state a few years
ago, shortly after it appeared in Chicago.

Some other lives lost to heroin this year, according to reports on file
with the medical examiner, included:

Rediego Jordan, 34, a nursing assistant, found dead sitting on his couch in
the 9200 block of N. 75th St. on Feb. 16. He died of mixing cocaine and
heroin. A cigarette lighter was clutched in one hand.

Eleazar Godina, 29, a laborer, found dead on the floor of his apartment in
the 100 block of W. Mitchell St. by his girlfriend March 24. A syringe lay
near his knee.

The girlfriend told investigators she had just left Godina because of his
drug abuse, adding that he used "anything and everything he could get his
hands on. Cocaine, heroin, crack, crank, and pills."

Raymond McCarthy, 23, a runner for a stock trading company, died at a
community correctional facility after returning from a release for alcohol
and drug treatment. He was incarcerated there for drug delivery.

McCarthy was heard "bragging about a party involving sexual activity and
heroin consumption," reports said. Heroin ingestion killed him.

Media, Not McGwire, Set Off Sales Boom (Two Letters To The Editor
Of 'The San Jose Mercury News' About Baseball Slugger Mark McGwire's Use
Of A Legal, Over-The-Counter Performance Enhancer)

Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 19:41:25 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE's(2): Media,
Not Mcgwire, Set Off Sales Boom
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (mmfamily@ix.netcom.com)
Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA)
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998

Published Tuesday, September 1, 1998, in the San Jose Mercury




Media, not McGwire, set off sales boom

ON Aug. 27, the Mercury News ran a front-page article headlined
"McGwire sets off a sales boom." It refers to the recent revelation
of baseball slugger Mark McGwire's use of a legal, over-the-counter
product called androstenedione.

Oddly enough, until a few days ago, 99 percent of the United States
population never heard of androstenedione.

Maybe the headline should have read ``Print and broadcast journalists
set off a sales boom.'' But I guess the truth wouldn't sell papers.
This is just another example of the press making the news.

-- John E. Herndon




BEFORE you start offering Mark McGwire advice on how to raise your
kids ("McRole model," Opinion, Aug. 28), think about the
consequences. If Mark goes off androstenedione as you suggest, and he
doesn't break Roger Maris' home run record, what message does that
send to the youth of America?

-- Tim Huck

San Jose

1997 - 1998 Mercury Center.

General Barry McCaffrey's Letter To The Editor (Lip Service
For Drug Treatment In 'The Washington Post' From The US Drug Czar)
Link to earlier story
Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 19:29:37 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: US: WA: LTE: Barry McCaffrey's LTE Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul Lewin Pubdate: Tues, 01 September 1998 Source: Washington Post Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Author: Barry R. McCaffrey The article "In D.C. Many Addicts and Few Services; Lack of Treatment Programs Keeps Substance Abusers in Jail or in Trouble" [front page, Aug. 25 points out the local implications of a national disgrace. Nationwide, despite a 33 percent increase in federal expenditures since 1993, only 52 percent of people in immediate need of drug treatment can receive it. The situation is exacerbated in the District, where treatment capacity is only 10 percent of demand. The article touches only on the most disturbing aspect of the treatment gap. The children of drug addicts denied treatment are cheated out of their childhoods. These children represent 80 percent to 85 percent of the foster children in the District, many of whom are condemned to a lifetime of transience, abuse and neglect. Incredibly, these foster children may actually be the lucky children of untreated substance abusers. According to Deanne Tilton Durfee, chairwoman of the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, almost all of the 2,000 cases of children who die each year in the United States from child abuse involve drug or alcohol abuse by parents or guardians. It is sad that at a time when the number of incarcerated Americans exceeds the active duty strength of the Armed Forces, we as a nation continue to devote insufficient resources to drug treatment. Sad because many of those in prison for drug-related offenses will be left untreated and will swiftly re-offend once released, and sad because drug treatment is so much cheaper than incarceration for the taxpayer. A Rand Corp. study in 1994 found that increasing drug treatment was the single most cost-effective way to reduce domestic drug consumption. The National Drug Control Strategy calls for a balanced approach between prevention, treatment and law enforcement in reducing drug abuse in America. Nowhere is the gap between requirements and actual resources so glaring as in treatment. The damage America may suffer if we provide inadequate drug treatment will not only be borne in present-day costs for crime committed by addicts or the cost of incarcerating addicts -- it also will be borne in the wasted potential of the innocent children of addicts. And that is a national tragedy. BARRY R. McCAFFREY Washington The writer is director of National Drug Control Policy. Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

Survey - Drug Access Rises At 13 (The 'Associated Press' Account
Of This Year's Annual Survey By CASA, The National Center On Addiction
And Substance Abuse At Columbia University, Says The Telephone Poll
Of 1,000 Teen-Agers, 824 Teachers And 822 Principals Found That Teens
Think The Drug Problem Is Considerably Worse Than Do Their Teachers
And Principals - But 41 Percent Of 17-Year-Olds Said They Had Smoked
Marijuana In The Previous 30 Days, While 39 Percent Drank Alcohol
And 23 Percent Smoked Tobacco)

Date: Tue, 01 Sep 1998 21:21:15 -0400
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
Subject: AP: 9/1/98 CASA Survey
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

September 1, 1998

Survey: Drug Access Rises at 13

Filed at 5:38 p.m. EDT

By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Just as young teen-agers are becoming more exposed to
drugs, their parents are losing influence over their lives, according to a
new survey that suggests ages 12 and 13 are critical years in the fight
against drug use.

Few 12-year-olds know how to buy marijuana or know someone who has used
hard drugs, but about three times as many do by the time they are 13,
according to the survey from Columbia University's National Center on
Addiction and Substance Abuse.

``In no other year does a child's access to drugs and attitude about drugs
shift so precipitously,'' said Joseph A. Califano Jr., the center's
president and secretary of Health, Education and Welfare in the Carter

The survey also found that teens think the drug problem is considerably
worse than their teachers and especially their principals do. For instance,
78 percent of teens say their schools are not drug free; just 18 percent of
principals agree.

And while only 15 percent of high school principals say the school drug
problem is getting worse, half of students and 41 percent of teachers
believe it is.

``Principals make monkeys of themselves as they reveal their see no evil,
hear no evil, speak no evil posture,'' Califano said.

The annual survey found that for the fourth consecutive year, teens said
drugs were the most important problem they face. And the percentage of high
school students who report that drugs are used, sold and kept at their
schools continued to inch up, rising to 78 percent this year from 72
percent in 1996.

Overall, 41 percent of 17-year-olds said they had smoked marijuana, while
39 percent said they drank and 23 percent said they smoked in the previous
30 days.

Among 12-year-olds, 9 percent reported drinking in the past month, while
just 1 percent said they had smoked recently and 2 percent reported using

The survey found those rates increased most sharply between ages 14 and 16,
yet attitudes and exposure to drugs change earlier, with the most dramatic
differences between 12- and 13-year-olds.

More than three times as many 13-year-olds said they wouldn't report a
student they saw using drugs.

A 13-year-old is less afraid of getting caught using illegal drugs and
relies less on parents -- and more on friends -- in making important
decisions. Twice as many 13-year-olds as have no adult at home after school.

The survey also concluded:

--Teens who regularly attend religious services are much less likely to
smoke cigarettes, use marijuana or hang out with people who drink and use

--Teens who have never smoked marijuana are more likely to eat dinner every
night with their parents and to rely on their parents' opinions. Pot
smokers are more likely to hang out with friends after school and less
likely to listen to music or do homework after school.

--Teens who use one substance are more likely to use another: Smokers are
more likely to drink and use marijuana; pot users are more likely to drink.

The telephone survey was conducted in May, June and July with 1,000
teen-agers, 824 teachers and 822 principals. The margin of error for teens
was plus or minus 3 percentage points; for teachers and principals it was
3.5 percentage points.


Date: Tue, 01 Sep 1998 21:20:59 -0400
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
Subject: CASE Survey: Audio intro available
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

For a 6 min 44 seconds audio segment of Joseph Califiano's opening
statement, look for the the description below at Broadcast.com. Apparently
the press comnference was broadcast live at this site earlier today.

Jon Gettman


10:30 am ET / 9/1/98

(Highlights Available from archive afterward)


Press conference releasing a Back to School Survey of teens, teachers and
principals on the use of drugs. Former HEW Secretary Joseph Califano, Jr.,
president, The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia
University (CASA), and Frank Luntz, president, Luntz Research Companies,
release CASA's 1998 study


Date: Wed, 2 Sep 1998 18:17:01 GMT
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: Re: CASA, Music . . . Say What?
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

>Date: Tue, 01 Sep 1998 21:43:24 -0400
>To: DRCTalk Reformers' Forum (drctalk@drcnet.org)
>From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
>Subject: CASA, Music . . . Say What?
>"Pot smokers are . . . less likely to listen to music . . . after school"
>AP Report of CASA Survey. 9/1/98
>The comment actually notes that pot smokers hang out with their friends
>after school rather than listen to music or do their homework.
>It's nice that they think listening to music is as virtuous as doing homework.
>I can't decide if it would be better then, given the critical insinuation
>of this survey finding, that pot smoking teens should stay home and listen
>to music, or that it would be more acceptable for a teen to hang out with
>friends after school as long as they listen to music.
>I suppose the best possible scenario is that teens hang out with their
>friends and do their homework while listening to music . . . The
>interesting suggestion here is that its not the pot smoking that is
>undesirable buts the friends that accompany the act. Are they grasping at
>straws here, or am I just over-analyzing this?
>Jon Gettman

It's terribly likely that the survey was flawed and permitted only one
answer for "what do you do after school?" This would make it impossible to
record hanging out with friends AND listening to music, which would seem
fairly common. It would also be impossible to record "listening to music"
AND "doing homework," which I recall being a necessity as a youngster.

Your best-case scenario of pot-smoking kids hanging out with friends after
school AND listening to music AND doing homework -- rather than ONLY one of
these activities -- would almost certainly be missed, if the survey is as
flawed as it would appear.

Given this absurd result I'd bet the survey's cross-reference section
comparing different subgroups could lead to all sorts of hilarious and
unintended conclusions. After all, that's exactly how Califano uses this
kind of data...

- dave fratello

Age 13 Critical Time In Anti-Drug Fight (A Different 'Associated Press' Version
In 'The Seattle Times')

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Age 13 critical time in anti-drug fight
Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 19:24:36 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company

Posted at 06:55 a.m. PDT; Tuesday, September 1, 1998
Age 13 critical time in anti-drug fight

by Laura Meckler
The Associated Press

WASHINGTON - Few 12-year-olds know how to buy marijuana or know someone who
has used hard drugs. But that changes just one year later, according to a
survey released today that suggests the transition from 12 to 13 is a
critical time in the battle against teen drug use.

Just as children are becoming more exposed to drugs, their parents are
losing influence over their lives, argues the survey from Columbia
University's National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

The annual survey found that for the fourth consecutive year, teens said
drugs were the most important problem they face. And the number of
high-school students who report that drugs are used, sold and kept at their
schools continued to inch up, rising from 72 percent in 1996 to 78 percent
this year.

Among 12-year-olds, 9 percent reported drinking in the past month, while
just 1 percent say they'd smoked recently and 2 percent reported using

A 13-year-old is about three times as likely to know a teen who uses hard
drugs and to know how to buy drugs. More than three times as many
13-year-olds say they wouldn't report a student they saw using drugs.

"In no other year do teens' perceptions and attitudes shift so markedly,"
the center concluded.

A 13-year-old is less afraid of getting caught using illegal drugs and
relies less on parents - and more on friends - in making important
decisions. Twice as many 13-year-olds have no adult at home after school.

The survey also concluded:

-- Teens who regularly attend religious services are much less likely to
smoke cigarettes, use marijuana or hang out with people who drink and use

-- Teens who have never smoked marijuana are more likely to always eat
dinner with their parents and to rely on their parents' opinions. Pot
smokers are more likely to hang out with friends after school and less
likely to listen to music or do homework after school.

-- Teens who use one substance are more likely to use another: Smokers are
more likely to drink and use marijuana; pot users are more likely to drink.

The survey was conducted in May, June and July of 1,000 teen-agers, 824
teachers and 822 principals. The margin of error for teens was plus or minus
3 percentage points; for teachers and principals it was 3.5 percentage

Religious Teens Less Likely Drug Users (The United Press International
Version Notes The Survey Was Conducted By The Luntz Research Companies
And Funded By The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)

Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 07:45:55 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: WIRE: Religious Teens Less Likely Drug Users
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: tim.meehan@utoronto.ca (Tim Meehan)
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998
Source: United Press International


WASHINGTON, Sept. 1 (UPI) -- A new survey indicates teenagers who are
religiously active are less likely to use drugs, drink or smoke than
teens who aren't active in religion.

``Back to School 1998 - The CASA National Survey of American Attitudes
on Substance Abuse IV'' was released in Washington today.

Joseph Califano, the president of the National Center on Addiction and
Substance Abuse at Columbia University tells United Press
International, ``This is the first time we surveyed in a way that we
could draw out the distinction between kids who attend religious
service regularly and those who don't.''

He called the findings a ``tremendous opportunity for America's

Califano said, ``I hope they just grab it and run with it, because
they can do a tremendous amount to free our kids and help our kids
deal with this problem that they face.''

For the fourth year in a row, 12- to 17-year-old youths say drugs are
the No. 1 problem they face. For the third year in a row, there has
been an increase in the percentage of high school students who say
drugs are used, kept and sold at their schools.

Califano noted, ``For the first time, a majority of middle school
students say drugs are used, kept and sold at their schools.''

The 1998 CASA study, conducted during May, June and July by The Luntz
Research Companies, surveyed 1,000 teenagers ages 12 to 17, and had a
margin of error of plus or minus 3.1 percent.

It also surveyed 824 teachers and 822 principals and had a margin of
error of plus or minus 3.5 percent.

The survey was funded by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Pharmacology - Herb Remedy - Exploring Ways To Administer Marijuana
As A Medicine ('Scientific American' Weighs In On The Debate
Between Medical Marijuana Patients And The Medical-Industrial Complex,
Which Wants To Find Patentable Compounds It Can Market To Patients
At Exorbitant Prices)

Date: Sat, 22 Aug 1998 07:51:53 -0700
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Arthur Livermore (alive@pacifier.com)
Subject: ART: Herb Remedy - Scientific American - Sept. 1998
Cc: editor@mapinc.org
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Source: Scientific American
Pubdate: September 1998, page 18



Exploring ways to administer marijuana as a medicine

The exact location is a secret. But somewhere between London and Brighton a
compound ringed by high fences and razor wire will house the world's only
pot farm primarily devoted to commercial drug development. In June the
British Home Office gave a startup pharmaceutical company a license to grow
20,000 marijuana plants of varied strains.

Geoffrey W. Guy, chairman of GW Pharmaceuticals, intends to proceed to
clinical trials with a smokeless, whole-plant extract, while also supplying
marijuana to other investigators interested in medical research and
pharmaceutical development. The 43-year-old entrepreneur-physician wants to
capitalize on what he sees as the unexploited opportunity to legitimize
marijuana as medicine. "Cannabis has been much maligned," Guy says. "There
are over 10,000 research articles written on the plant, and there's
something well worth investigating here."

The idea of giving this alternative medicine a place alongside antibiotics
and aspirin in the physician's standard pharmacopoeia is by no means a new
one. Marijuana and its chemical constituents have aroused interest as a
treatment for conditions ranging from the nausea induced by cancer drugs to
the fragility of brain cells harmed by stroke. In the U.S., oral doses of
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - a synthetic version of the chemical in
marijuana that both relieves nausea and gets a person high - have been
available on the market since 1986.

But the makers of Marinol (the trade name for the THC synthetic) have had
trouble competing with dealers on the street. A swallowed pill takes too
long to relieve nausea. "The maximum levels of THC and the active
metabolites you see after you swallow a capsule occur at anywhere from two
to four hours," says Robert E. Dudley, senior vice president of Unimed
Pharmaceuticals in Buffalo Grove, Ill., Marinol's manufacturer. "That's
contrasted with a marijuana cigarette, where the peak levels might occur
from five to 10 minutes."

Unimed and other companies are in various stages of developing nasal
sprays, sublingual lozenges, vaporizers, rectal suppositories or skin
patches that will deliver THC into the bloodstream quickly. But new
interest in marijuana as pharmaceutical goes beyond just substitutes for
smoking. Guy's motivation for establishing GW borrows a page from the
herbal medicine literature. He hypothesizes that the plant's 400 chemicals,
including dozens of cannabinoids such as THC, may interact with one another
to produce therapeutic effects. A few studies have shown that one
cannabinoid, called cannabidiol, may dampen some of THC's mind-altering
effects. And synthetic THC users sometimes report feeling more anxious than
smokers of the drug, perhaps because of the absence of cannabinoids other
than THC.

GW Pharmaceuticals wants to test whole-plant extracts for a series of
medical conditions. A Dutch company, HortaPharm, will provide seeds to GW
for plants that contain mainly one cannabinoid. Different single
cannabinoid plant extracts can be blended to provide the desired chemical

Interest in whole-plant medicinal marijuana has even stirred in the U.S.,
where research on the drug has been stymied for 20 years. That bias may be
shifting, as witnessed by a 1997 National Institutes of Health advisory
panel that recommended more research on the subject. Robert W. Gorter, a
professor at the University of California at San Francisco, has received
approval from the Food and Drug Administration to perform a clinical trial
on an orally administered whole-plant extract - and he is also organizing a
separate investigation with patients in Germany and the Netherlands.
"Various cannabinoids in the plant appear to work in a little symphony,"
Gorter observes.

Pushing whole marijuana as medicine is not a task for the fainthearted.
Financing pharmaceutical development for a controlled substance may not
come easy. "I need the right type of people as backers," Guy says. "I don't
want people from Colombia turning up with suitcases full of dollar bills."

In addition, some scientists observe that evidence for cannabinoid
synergies is relatively slim. "There has never been an effect of marijuana
that has not been reproduced with pure delta-9-THC," says John P. Morgan, a
professor of pharmacology at the City University of New York. "Herbal
medicine advocates think that plants are better because there's a mix of
natural substances. There's not much basis for most of these claims."

Ultimately, advocates of marijuana as natural medicine may find their work
superseded by developments stemming from discoveries of cannabinoid
receptors in the human body - and of molecules that bind to them. Some
research groups are seeking analogues to the binding molecules naturally
present in the body that might provide therapeutic benefits superior to
those of plant-based cannabinoids.

Receptor research is also shedding light on the role played by the
cannabinoids found in marijuana. NIH investigators reported in the
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in early July that THC and
cannabidiol serve as powerful antioxidants. In laboratory rat nerve cells,
the compounds can prevent the toxic effects of excess glutamate, which can
kill brain cells after stroke. (After reading this report, legalization
advocates reveled at the notion that marijuana may actually protect brain

To proponents of legalization of the smokable herb, arguments about
alternatives remain academic. "Because patients are receiving full relief
right now from smoking the whole plant, we shouldn't let them suffer while
science plods along trying to come up with synthetic analogues that may not
have the same beneficial effect," says Allen F. St. Pierre, executive
director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws

Some medical users would rather fight than switch from joints or brownies.
Elvy Musikka, a glaucoma patient in Hollywood, Fla., is one of eight people
enrolled in a federal program that supplies the drug for medical reasons.
She maintains that if her legal supply is cut off she will move to a
country where she can grow her own. "I think for the pharmaceutical
companies to think they produce a better product than God is totally
presumptuous," she says. Pharmaceutical makers may find that Musikka's
attitude - shared by thousands - becomes the biggest impediment to successful
drug development.

--Gary Stix

Are We The Enemy? (An Essay By Miguel A. Faria, Jr., MD,
In The Editor's Corner Of The September-October Issue Of 'Medical Sentinel,'
The Journal Of The AAPS, Association Of American Physicians And Surgeons,
Says The US Government Has Responded To External Threats By Greatly Expanding
Its Means Of Repressing Those It Perceives To Be Internal Threats)

Date: Mon, 31 Aug 1998 11:24:16 -0500
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: cheechwz@mindspring.com (mindspring.com)
Subject: fwd: Are We the Enemy? (a physicians view of Federal Law Enforcement)
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Source: Medical Sentinel
Pubdate: 09/01/1998
Author: Miguel A. Faria, Jr., MD (hfaria@mindspring.com)
Note: the Medical Sentinel is the official journal of the Association of
American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) (forwarded with permission)
newshawk: A H Clements (cheechwz@mindspring.com)

Editor's Corner: Sept/Oct 1998 Medical Sentinel, the official journal of
the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS) to be released
Tuesday, September 1, 1998.

Are We the Enemy? by Miguel A. Faria, Jr., MD

..Its leaders were supposed to save the country
but now they won't pay her no mind.
..Because the people got fat and grew lazy,
now their vote is like a meaningless joke.
You know they talk about law, about order,
but it's all just an echo of what they've been told.
'Cause there is a monster on the loose. It's got our heads
into the noose, and it just sits there watching...

Our cities have turned into jungles.
Destruction is plaguing the land.
The police force is watching the people,
and the people just can't understand.
They don't know how to mind their own business.
The whole world has got to be just like us...
Now we are fighting a war over there,
no matter who wins, you know we can't pay the cost.
'Cause there is a monster on the loose. It's got our heads
into the noose, and it just sits there watching...

America, where are you now?
Don't you care about your sons and daughters?
Don't you know we need you now.
We can't fight alone against the monster.
Steppenwolf's Monster, c.1971

When the government fears the people there is liberty. When the people fear
the government there is tyranny. -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

Federal Law Enforcement

In West Virginia, we learn that the house of a physician is entered by
federal agents who do not identify themselves or explain their actions. The
physician's wife and children are threatened and held at gunpoint for
several hours while their home is ransacked. Several months later, a
federal judge throws out the alleged charges against the physician and
dismisses the government's case. He denounces the government raid as a
deliberate and unjustifiable government terrorist act against a law-abiding
citizen and his family.1

We hear that Attorney General Janet Reno - who, after the tragic Waco
incident assumed "responsibility" without being held accountable and
blurted, "the buck stops here" - has deputized all inspector generals, so
they may carry firearms to enforce administrative decrees (most of which
are unconstitutional) against ordinary citizens. By this act, she would
effectively circumvent congressional debate and, if needed, federal
legislation - and trample civil liberties at will. She will, again, be
authorizing the use of deadly force against, purportedly, non-compliant,
recalcitrant, American citizens, who may not want their constitutional
rights usurped, or their property taken, without their consent and due
process of the law. After all, she commended the federal agencies, and
agents, who in 1993 at Waco perpetrated the deadliest massacre by the
government against American citizens on their own soil.2

Tragedy compounded tragedy. As a result of the Waco, irrational zealots
perpetrated the bloodiest terrorist attack in American history. Recent
evidence provided by our own government's informants confirmed suspicions
the FBI and ATF had prior knowledge of the Oklahoma City (OKC) impending
disaster. At best, the federal law enforcement agencies committed a
terrible blunder with a covert operation run amok, or at worst, it was an
accomplice to a terrible tragedy. And to cover up the details of this
incident, it is still protecting other suspects who knew or helped plan the
infamous OKC bombing.3-4

As a result of the April 19, 1995 OKC bombing, the Congress passed an
anti-terrorism bill with provisions that infringe on the individual rights
and privacy of American citizens, and the flagging presidency of Bill
Clinton was re-energized. British journalist Ambrose Evans-Pritchard
writes: "Relaxing on Air Force One after the 1996 elections, Bill Clinton
told a pool of reporters that he owed his political revival to the Oklahoma
bombing. He was in a reflective mood, looking back at the ups and downs of
his turbulent presidency. As so often, his thoughts lingered on those first
painful months after the Republicans captured both Houses of Congress for
the first time in almost two generations. It had been a stinging rebuke for
the White House. But then that bomb went off. 'It broke a spell in the
country as people began searching for our common ground again,' he said."5

Consider the fact that a few weeks before the OKC bombing, liberal
Representative John Dingell (D-MI) declared in a House oration that the
attack on the Branch Davidians was "indefensible" and ATF agents "are not
to be trusted. They are detested. And I have described them properly as
jackbooted American fascists." From which phraseology, the NRA proclaimed
that the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 "gives jackbooted government thugs
more power to take away our constitutional rights, destroy our property,
and even injure or kill us."

We recall that in 1992 at Ruby Ridge, Idaho, a woman, Vicki Weaver, is shot
in the head and killed as she holds her baby in her home by a government
(FBI) sniper in the most atrocious act in recent memory perpetrated by a
government law enforcement agent against an American citizen, who wished
only to be left alone with her family. Then, the federal government via the
Attorney General and the Department of Justice itself, rather than
prosecuting the government agent(s) responsible, militate against the state
and local authorities' effort to administer justice and prosecute those
directly culpable. Instead, the government promotes those who changed the
rules of engagement and issued illegal "shoot to kill" orders against
American citizens. Rather than being held accountable and its funding
curtailed, according to the Government Accounting Office (GAO), the FBI
counter-terrorism budget has been nearly tripled since 1994, up $243
million. No wonder Americans continue to distrust their own government.

Even though Americans today with a "conservative" Republican Congress are
not as disenchanted as they were in 1994 (when only 21 percent trusted the
government and when the liberal Democrats essentially controlled all three
branches of government), citizens continue to distrust the ever-growing
government behemoth.

And thus, it's no wonder a February 1998 poll by Pew Research Center for
the People and the Press found that trust in government had dropped again
from 39 percent last fall to 34 percent, a 5 percent decline.

The expansion of the police power of the state continues unabated. In May
1998, President Clinton named State Department official, Richard Clarke, as
the new "terrorism czar" who will reign over 17 federal law enforcement
agencies and will preside over a record $7 billion federal spending in
domestic anti-terrorism surveillance and enforcement.

We also hear in the mass media; indeed, we see, for example, footage on CBS
(Dec. 8, 1997) and learn that, amidst the domestic violence (in this
specific case in Phoenix, Arizona, Maricopa County), there has been a 33
percent increase in the use of deadly force by SWAT (Strategic Weapons and
Tactics) teams and a 30 percent increase in personnel in the last three
years, and that these law enforcement agencies are conducting raids not
just on dangerous criminals but even on non-violent parole violators, and
you wonder, what's next? Who's next?

Hate Crimes

Moreover, on November 8, 1997, the president announced that the Department
of Justice will add, "upwards of 50 FBI agents and federal prosecutors to
enforce hate crime laws." Never mind that "upwards" of 90 percent of "hate
crime" violations reportedly involve simple "name-calling" and "verbal
abuse" transgressions and no physical violence. Journalist and historian,
Dr. Samuel Francis is indeed correct when he writes that Clinton's
"Anti-Hate" campaign is totalitarian in concept because "it seeks to punish
motive that is, the thoughts, attitudes and emotions that lead a person to
commit an action - rather than the action itself."6 Today in America, this
criminalization of thought - like in the prescient 1984 Orwellian "thought
crimes," and in the totalitarian regimes of Stalin in the Soviet Union,
Fidel Castro in the island-prison of Cuba, and Mao Tse-Tung's Cultural
Revolution in China - is seeking to enlist children to enforce conformity
in parents and foment distrust and discord in American families, not only
on state-inspired, "anti-hatred" campaigns but even in their seemingly
benign enlistment of children as informants in the tobacco war.

Yet, recent FBI statistics reveal that in 1996 "hate crimes" were quite
rare with less than one such "hate" crime reported (8,859) for every
law-enforcement agency required to report them in the U.S. (9, 600
agencies).7 Like in the 1984 Big Brother Orwellian world, families may live
in fear of the Thought Police and their night raids: "The sudden jerk out
of sleep, the rough hand shaking your shoulder, the lights glaring in your
eyes, the ring of hard faces round the bed. In the vast majority of cases
there was no trial, no report of the arrest. People simply disappeared,
always during the night."8 And you wonder, who is the enemy? Who fears

The Threat of Rogue Nations

And then you learn that those agencies, such as the Central Intelligence
Agency (CIA) or the military - which are suppose to deal with the clear,
real, and present dangers of foreign threats, like those posed by rogue and
still communist states including Red China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Cuba
- have to repeatedly justify their budgets and even their existence to the
flower children elites in power today. I will come back to the CIA and the
military later, but for now, let me remind the readers who America's
enemies are, and why this is so.

First, there is Red China which has identified America by name as its "main
enemy" for the 21st Century9 and has already made covert attempts to
influence our foreign policy, vitiating and trampling on our campaign
finance laws in the process.10 In fact, Dr. Michael Pillsbury, one of the
nation's foremost China experts at the Pentagon's National Defense
University, formally testified to the Senate Select Committee on
Intelligence (September 1997) that after reviewing Chinese military
documents, Red China "intends to defeat the United States" and will pose a
formidable military threat in the 21st Century.

Then there is North Korea which persists in threatening South Korea with
invasion, and remains a mortal threat to the stability of Asia; if it is
not, why do we still have a large contingent of troops stationed in South
Korea? Yet, despite its belligerence and refusal to submit to nuclear
inspection (to which it had agreed), we reward this communist nation by
providing her with nuclear reactors!

Yes, there is also Vietnam which has not given us a full accounting of our
known POWs that its communist government is known to have held, may even
continue to hold, or has sent to other communist nations like Russia or
Czechoslovakia for brainwashing sessions and gruesome medical

And, of course, there is Cuba which has been involved in drug trafficking
via Defense minister Raul Castro (Fidel's brother) which it considers an
instrument of war against the U.S. If you don't buy this one, you should
read Red Cocaine by Dr. Joseph Douglass which provides convincing
evidence.12 If you still don't believe Cuba remains a threat to American
interests, tell me, what has become of the Cienfuegos nuclear power plant
and submarine naval base or the Lourdes high-tech, U.S. eavesdropping,
intelligence-gathering installation near Havana, on the northern coast of
Cuba, and incidentally, just across the Florida peninsula? (We did not
inspect Cuba after the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 to verify the removal
of the missiles in San Cristóbal then, nor have we verified the closing of
these spy bases after the collapse of the Soviet Union today.)

Suffice to say, that while the CIA (its efforts directed at foreign
enemies) has been under attack by numerous, unsubstantiated (and, I may
add, many totally ludicrous) allegations, and the agency has had to justify
its raison d'ętre in the New World Order (NWO), those entities (like the
ATF and the FBI being trained by the military, and yes, even the intrusive
IRS), that target their activities against American citizens continue to be
beefed up, are considered essential to the vital functions of the nation,
and their budgets continue to be increased year after year.

It makes you wonder: Again, who is the enemy? And who fears whom?

Entangling Alliances and the NWO

Meanwhile, the U.S. military has been greatly reduced since the collapse of
the Soviet Union: The Army (i.e., number of divisions from 18 to 8 or 9),
the Navy (i.e., number of ships from 546 to just over 300), and the Air
Force (i.e., number of fighter wings from 36 to 17 or 18) have each been
axed by about one half - the lowest defense spending since Pearl Harbor.13

Moreover, the goals of their operations are no longer national defense and
security, but unconstitutional UN global police actions such as
peacekeeping functions and relief efforts, and domestic social engineering
(e.g., gays in the military and women in the front lines), etc. Not
surprisingly, these police actions around the world enforcing UN policies
have brought the opprobrium of many nations with which, otherwise, we may
not have had any quarrels. Yet, while we continue to web dangerous
entangling alliances, implement police actions and other peacekeeping
operations, and enforce UN resolutions, working within the purview of the
UN throughout the world, we become more vulnerable to terrorist attacks,
and in the future, possibly nuclear retaliatory strikes from nations which
reject the Pax Universalis and the cryptic NWO that we and the UN are
trying to impose on them. Frankly, from all we know and continue to learn,
the UN and the treacherous NWO are working against our own national
interest and undermining our citizens' individual freedoms.

And this brings me to perhaps the most serious dereliction of the
government on its legitimate constitutional function of national defense:
the lack of deployment of a missile defense, a nuclear shield against
missile attack to protect American citizens. Yes, our government (including
our Senate which recently voted on it) has refrained unilaterally from
protecting our nation and our citizens against possible, sudden nuclear
attacks, and we have yet to build an antiballistic missile, space-based
defense via the already available for deployment and extremely
cost-effective "Brilliant Pebbles" technology.

Again, or rather, in other words, who does our own government consider to
be the enemy? Apparently, not those unpredictable, rogue, Socialist,
totalitarian states that intermittently wreak so much death and destruction
on their own people, if not their neighbors. And, yes, as many of them
build atomic weapons and join the atomic club, they could use their nuclear
weapons to hold us at ransom, or in the case of emergent nuclear powers,
rival nations, such as India and Pakistan, could start a regional conflict
and ignite a nuclear tinderbox for which we have no protectional safeguards.

Red China and National Security

"There is not a single, solitary nuclear missile pointed at an American
child tonight, not a single one," spoke President Clinton in October 1996,
as the nefarious transfer of satellite launching and missile guidance
technology was taking place, allowing Red China to better aim, as the CIA
has recently divulged, 13 of their 18 CSS-4 strategic nuclear missiles
targeted against U.S. cities. Reportedly, in the U.S., only Miami is out of
their nuclear reach.

Perhaps, this is a good point for us now to further consider the case of
Red China and U.S. national security. We now know that China obtained
satellite launching, missile-guided and super-computer technology that is
now being used by its communist government to better aim their long-range
strategic nuclear missiles at U.S. cities - with the assistance of U.S.
corporate entities and the blessings of our president.14 His campaign and
that of his party (DNC) are now known to have received $300,000 from the
Red Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) via Johnny Chung of White House
coffee notoriety, and $2.5 million from Bernard Schwartz, the CEO of Loral
Space & Communications and Michael Armstrong, the former CEO of Hughes
Electronics (now Chairman of AT&T) - the two U.S. companies involved in the
sophisticated guidance technology transfer to Beijing.15-16 The Lippo
group, a Jakarta-based (Indonesia) Chinese front organization, was also
involved in these transactions via the notorious agent John Huang. Reacting
to this worrisome development, Representative Dana
Rohrabacher (R-CA), Chairman of the House Subcommittee of Space and
Aeronautics, exclaimed: "I am very sad to say [the Red Chinese] now have
the capability of landing nuclear weapons in the United States and we are
the ones who perfected their rockets." Bolstering this serious charge, the
administration's own Defense department and the Pentagon recently
acknowledged that "the U.S. national security has been harmed" by this
strategic transfer of technology.

Moreover, with the blessings (and personal lobbying) of our president, the
China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) has been given a sweetheart deal, a
20-year lease of our decommissioned but still strategic Long Beach Naval
Yards. COSCO is now known to be a front of the PLA which ships Chinese guns
(including an attempted, illegal shipment of AK-47s to California street
gangs in 1996) and drugs overseas.17

Meanwhile, to complete the encirclement of the U.S. shipping routes (and
possible strangulation in case of war), another Chinese front organization,
the Hong Kong-based Hutchinson Port Holdings, has obtained a 50-year lease
to operate the two strategic ports at either end of the U.S.-built and
formerly run Panama Canal.

One wonders: Are these rogue nations like Red China (whose leaders
perpetrated the Tiananmen Square massacre of June 1989), perhaps needed by
those in power in our own government as the bogeymen required to foment
tensions and create global crises - those crises that are historically
known to be instigated by ever-enlarging governments as excuses for
cracking down on the liberties of their own individual citizens, and
suppressing freedom in general, in their quest for power?

So, while domestic federal law enforcement and anti-terrorism programs have
increased to frightening proportions and have become some of the most
rapidly growing areas in the federal budget, true national defense (civil
defense has already been totally dismantled) has suffered the only cutbacks
and most drastic reductions in the federal budget. In fact, it's no
exaggeration to state that the bipartisan budget agreement that resulted in
a balanced budget with projected surpluses this year was balanced upon the
shoulders of national defense and the raids of the mythical Social Security
Trust Fund.

And finally, let us not forget our own local police which, inundated with
crime in the inner cities, have been ignored in favor of federal law
enforcement agencies, as in preparation for the formation of an
unconstitutional standing national police force.

Perhaps, times have indeed changed and we have reached the end of history
with global democratic socialism finally reigning supreme - and the world
upside down. Our security priorities have been inverted; individual rights
have been eroded, while welfare and collective ones have become entrenched.
Unanimity (i.e., "consensus building") and conformity (i.e., political and
social correctness) gradually have been enforced. These qualities
historically have led to repression and tyranny, and tyranny to cries of
freedom by the people.

It's then that government begins to crack down on dissent in the name of
battling national crises. When it does, and it calls for ever-increasing
emergency measures to combat the problems of its own creation, along with
Jefferson's, we must also remember James Madison's admonition that crisis
is the rallying cry of tyrants!

It will be, then, that the American people should look within and honestly
ask themselves: Who fears whom?...and then face the grim reality that we,
Americans, are indeed being considered the enemy by our own government.


1. Faria MA Jr. The police state of medicine - the nature of the beast.
Medical Sentinel 1998;3(4):119-122, 138.
2. Meyer D. No More Wacos and Waco - The Rules of Engagement. Medical
Sentinel 1998;3(4):151-152.
3. Mr. William Jasper, Senior Editor of The New American, has done
extensive investigative reporting on this subject published in that
4. Evans-Pritchard A. The Secret Life of Bill Clinton: The Unreported
Stories. Washington, DC, Regnery Publishing, Inc., 1997, pp. 1-108.
5. Ibid., p. 3.
6. Francis S. Clinton's 'anti-hate' campaign totalitarian in concept. The
Samuel Francis Newsletter, P.O. Box 19628, Alexandria, VA 22320, November
18, 1997, pp. 5-6.
7. Buls G. Hate crime: It's a frame of mind. The New American, April 27,
1998, p. 19.
8. Ibid.
9. Study of "Strategic Missile Combat Position Troop Survival Under Nuclear
Conditions and Development of an Equipment Safeguard System" conducted by
the People's Liberation Army (PLA) and translated into English in November
1997. Cited in The New American, June 8, 1998.
10. Chapman M. Clinton waives export restrictions on technology. Human
Events, April 17, 1998, p. 5.
11. Blaylock RL. Communist Use of American POWs as Human Guinea Pigs (Part
II): Vietnam, the Soviets, and other Special Projects. Medical Sentinel
12. Douglass JD Jr. Red Cocaine. Clarion House, Atlanta, GA, 1990.
13. Hillen J. Military might - the U.S. is becoming too weak to fulfill its
strategic mandate. National Review, June 30, 1997, p.38.
14. Gertz B. China deal seen as security threat. The Washington Times, May
4-10, 1998, pp.1, 23; and China, terrorists seen as top threats: Poll. The
Washington Times, May 18-24, 1998, p.3.
15. Burton D. Mr. President, tear down this stone wall! Human Events, May
8, 1998, pp.1, 7; and North, O. Perilous Clinton space ties to China. The
Washington Times, May 4-10, 1998, p.44.
16. Cancel the Kowtow Summit. Human Events, May 29, 1998, pp.1,3,4,8.
17. Grigg WN. The price of admission. The New American, November 10, 1997,

(c) Copyright 1998, Medical Sentinel

Dr. Faria is a consultant neurosurgeon and author of Vandals at the
Gates of Medicine (1995) and the newly released Medical Warrior: Fighting
Corporate Socialized Medicine (Macon, Georgia, Hacienda Publishing, Inc.,
1997). He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the Medical Sentinel. Hacienda
Publishing, Inc., P.O. Box 13648, Macon, GA 31208,
http://www.haciendapub.com. For further information or for permission to
reproduce in part or in toto, contact Helen at (912) 757-9873.

Customs Staff - New Rule Hurts Drug War (According To 'The Toronto Sun,'
An Unspecified Number Of Customs Officers Say Their Job Is Being Made
More Difficult By A Canada Customs Decision To Stop Seizing
Commercial Aircraft Carrying Large Amounts Of Smuggled Drugs)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 16:07:46 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Canada: Customs Staff: New Rule Hurts Drug War
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Toronto Sun (Canada)
Contact: editor@sunpub.com
Website: http://www.canoe.ca/TorontoSun/
Pubdate: Tuesday, September 1, 1998
Author: Tom Godfrey Toronto Sun


Customs officers say their job is being made more difficult by a Canada
Customs decision to stop seizing commercial aircraft found to be carrying
large amounts of smuggled drugs.

"They (airlines) should have to pay a fine at least," John King, of the
Customs Excise Union, said yesterday. "There's no deterrent to stop people
from smuggling drugs on flights," and no incentive for airlines to tighten
security if they don't face penalties.

In a memo from senior brass last month, Customs workers were advised
against seizing planes with drugs hidden in the aircraft body, avionics and
baggage holds.

"This is not fair," King said, noting all other vehicles found crossing the
border with illegal drugs are seized.

Canada Customs spokesman Michel Cleroux said while the seizure law is still
on the books, "it's our preference to work with the airlines."

"It's more productive to work with airlines and their staff to combat drug
smuggling," Cleroux said yesterday.

Two commercial jets were seized at Pearson in 1989 and one in 1991. The
companies involved had to pay from $500,000 to $2.6 million in sureties to
have them returned.

U.S. Customs officials said yesterday they still seize commercial planes
found to be carrying smuggled drugs.

Cocaine's Other Victims (The September Issue Of 'World Press Review'
Republishes An Article From Britain's 'Guardian' About Peru's Legitimate
Coca Crop And Coca Farmers, Imperiled By The American War On Cocaine)

Date: Mon, 7 Sep 1998 18:47:06 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Cocaine's Other Victims
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (mmfamily@ix.netcom.com)
Pubdate: September 1998
Source: World Press Review
Author: Duncan Campbell, The Guardian
Note: Originally published in The Guardian, London, June 3, 1998


Princess Anne had some. So did the pope, And so did the king and queen of
Spain. Mat de coca, that is or coca tea. It is recommended for anyone
arriving at the high altitude of La Paz, the capital of Bolivia and a city
perched at the same height as Mt. Everest's base camp.

The tea comes in bags in a variety of brand names and is credited with
warding off the side effects of altitude sickness. It tastes nice, too.
Most embassies in La Paz serve it to guests, although it is banned in the
American embassy. Traces of the drink would register on drug-testing
equipment because coca tea, like cocaine, uses the coca leaf as its raw
ingredient. This is the link that imperils the future of the coca crop.

In early June, the United Nations General Assembly will hold a special
session on a world drug strategy. It will discuss stricter drug-control
measures, money laundering, and reducing demands. But, crucially for
Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia, it will hear a call for the elimination of the
coca bush and the opium poppy within 10 years. [The General Assembly
endorsed the proposal on June 10. -WPR]

The Bolivian government, encouraged by the U.S., has already embarked on a
policy of elimination by 2002 of all illicit coca fields--fields not
licensed to produce coca solely for traditional uses, including coca tea.
The UN plan would go further in that it essentially calls for total
elimination of a crop that has been part of Andean culture for centuries.

A popular song in Bolivia is "La Coca No Es la Cocaina" (The Coca Leaf
Isn't Cocaine). And in an effort to explain this to visitors to the
country, a coca museum has just opened its doors. The Incas and then the
Spanish discovered hundreds of years ago that the coca leaf was a stimulant
that gave stamina to manual workers and travelers and thus became part of
the social fabric of Andean life. Then, in 1886, Frank Robinson gave an
inspired name to a soft drink that combined coca leaves, the cola nut, and
gas. Soon the coca leaf had indirectly become, through Coca Cola, part of
the social fabric of the U.S. and the world. It was not until 1914 that the
narcotic element of Coca-Cola was removed from the drink, but more than 180
tons of coca leaf still go to the U.S. every year on license for use in
flavoring the world's most popular fizzy beverage. While all this can be
examined in a civilized way at the museum, what has been happening in
Bolivia and elsewhere in Latin America where the coca leaf is grown is more
complex and alarming.

Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia are essentially under orders from the North to
destroy all crops, or at least all crops not currently excluded for
traditional uses. Since Bolivia is estimated to produce a quarter of the
world's coca leaf and about 30 percent of its cocaine, it is inevitable
that there will be further pressure on the country to reduce even the
licensed crops.

The Bolivian government's current strategy, entitled With Dignity, includes
moving more than 10,000 families out of the main coca-growing region and
assisting them in alternative crop production. In this strategy, they have
the backing of the UN, the US., and the European Union.

All of which is of not much comfort to the likes of Inez Morales and her
husband, Uriano, whose tiny coca crop in Chapar, three hours from
Cochabamba in Bolivia, has just been destroyed by troops. As a speechless
Uriano twists his battered hat in his hands, Inez says that her entire
livelihood has been destroyed in the 10 minutes or so it took a band of
fresh-faced troops to swing their machetes through her crops.

Inez is typical of many of the coca growers who have not grown rich through
the association with cocaine but who have made a living from the crop after
the collapse of the Bolivian tin industry in the mid-1980s and the
subsequent flight to the coca fields for survival. The cocaleros (coca
farmers) claim that 10 people have died in clashes over the elimination
policy, though the government claims this figure is exaggerated.

Evo Morales, a young member of congress and a spokesman for the cocaleros,
says: "They are not only taking our coca, they are taking our land. They
want us out of here so that foreign mineral companies can move in."

Is there a solution? Ken Bluestone, of the Catholic Institute for
International Relations, has worked in the area for years and argues that
the legitimate uses of coca--in tea, toothpaste, and medicines--should be
exploited. This would allow the farmers and their families to remain and
lead productive lives. On the other hand, Marie Elisa Martinic, of the UN
Drug Control Program, says its officials are dubious that there is really a
market for alternative use of the coca leaf that could in any significant
way take the place of cocaine production. They argue for a different form
of alternative production--bananas, pineapples, palm hearts, yucca, and
other legal plants--and for compensation for the cocaleros who have to
abandon their fields.

But the UN's decision could lead to the end of a way of life for thousands
of people.

Cannabis - The Truth (The British Edition Of 'Reader's Digest'
Tries To Revive Reefer Madness With A Specious List Of Accusations
Backed By Unreferenced Pseudo-Scientific Research,
Presented In Much The Same Format As 'Exposing Marijuana Myths')

Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 21:23:01 -0400
To: rlake@mapinc.org
From: Richard Lake (rlake@mapinc.org)
Subject: UK: Reader's Digest: Cannabis - The Truth
Newshawk: webbooks@paston.co.uk (CLCIA)
Souce: Reader's Digest
Pubdate: September 1998
Contact: magreplies@readersdigest.co.uk
Website: http://www.readersdigest.co.uk/
Note: (in magazine) Has your family debated the cannabis issue? We welcome
your letters for possible inclusion in a future issue. Please write to
Readers Reply e-mail us at magreplies@readersdigest.co.uk
Note: (From Richard Lake, Sr. Editor, DrugSense News Service) Our newshawk
writes "PLEASE write in reply to this article." We noted another email
address on the website above: editors@readersdigest.co.uk Letter writers
may wish to send email to both addresses. You can improve your chances of
having your Letter to the Editor published by considering the tips and
links to other resources at: http://www.mapinc.org/3tips.htm


Don't Be Fooled By The Legalisation Lobby's Persuasive Campaign - This Is A
Dangerous Drug

In a carnival atmosphere, more than 11,000 people rallied in London's
Trafalgar Square one Saturday last March. They waved banners proclaiming
"Free the Weed" and "Legalise It". At the front of the parade strode tall,
shaggy-haired Howard Marks, the veteran cannabis smuggler who had spent
seven years in a US prison for racketeering. The campaign, organised by the
Independent on Sunday, had also attracted the support of a galaxy of
high-profile business people, actors, academics, rock stars and
politicians. The pro-cannabis bandwagon has been trundling on and off for
more than 30 years. This London rally was peddling the latest fashionable
angle: cannabis, the healing herb. On hand were wheelchair-bound multiple
sclerosis sufferers gratefully expounding on the pain-relieving properties
of cannabis. Several claims made on their behalf were simply the latest in
a long line of myths and half-truths deployed over the years to sustain a
determined campaign to legitimise a dangerous drug.

Myth 1: Smoking cannabis has valuable medicinal uses.

Fact: Smoked cannabis has never been officially accepted as having any
medical use whatever. Cannabis is an immensely complex drug that has over
400 compounds, including more than 60 chemical derivatives - cannabinoids -
which, when ignited, covert to 2,000 chemicals. It is these cannabinoids
that have provided relief from pain, nausea and weight loss in some people
with MS, cancer and Aids.

Yet, as People Cardy, chief executive of the Multiple Sclerosis Society,
says, "Other sufferers have had unpleasant side effects." Doctors agree
that while orally administered THC (delta 9-tetrahydrochloride - the main
psychoactive ingredient of cannabis) may have some limited use as a
therapeutic drug, smoking cannabis does not. Other toxic constituents in
smoked cannabis could actually increase the risk of pneumonia and weaken
the immune system in Aids and cancer patients.

Therefore, while there is support for new research into the effects of
cannabinoids, the British Medical Association's stance on cannabis itself
is unequivocal: "It is unsuitable for medicinal use."

Myth 2: Cannabis does you no harm.

Incorrect: Researchers at the University of Mississippi have collected more
than 13,000 technical studies on cannabis - hundreds of them pointing to
its malign effects. One group of 12 young people, who had never smoked
cigarettes but who'd been regular users, developed head and neck cancers -
formerly seen virtually only in the over sixties.

Doctors note that babies born to mothers who smoked cannabis just before or
during pregnancy, tend to be smaller and prone to sleeplessness.

In adolescent pot-smokers, tests have shown memory loss persisting for six
weeks after they had stopped daily cannabis use. Frequent exposure to THC
can disrupt ovulation and reduce men's sperm counts.

The mental health organisation SANE points out that cannabis can cause
hallucinations and paranoid delusions similar to those in schizophrenia.
"There is evidence that the psychotic effects may trigger a prolonged
schizophrenic illness or cause a relapse in an established illness."

Even more disturbing, today's cannabis is very different from that smoked
in the 1960's. Its new forms of "skunk" and "Nederweed" have a THC potency
up to 40 times that enjoyed by the "hippy" generation.

At an international symposium in Paris in 1992, more than 50 scientists
concluded, "The toxicity of cannabis is today well established,
experimentally and clinically. This drug adversely affects the central
nervous system, the lungs, the immune and reproductive functions."

Myth 3: It's far better to smoke cannabis than cigarettes.

Wrong: Professor John Henry, head of Accident and Emergency at St Mary's
Hospital, London, and for 16 years a consultant at Guy's Hospital poisons
unit, explains: "In smoked cannabis, the tars that cause lung cancer are
far nastier than the ones in cigarettes.

"Not only does the cannabis cigarette have no filter, but it is smoked
differently. With ordinary cigarettes, the smoke is briefly drawn into the
lungs, then puffed out. With cannabis, it is drawn into the lungs and held
there, giving the tars a greater chance to act."

The BMA confirms this view: "Smoking a cannabis cigarette leads to three
times greater tar inhalation than smoking a tobacco cigarette. The levels
of tar retained in the respiratory tract are also three times higher.
Chronic cannabis smoking therefore increases the risk of cardiovascular
disease, bronchitis, emphysema and probably carcinomas of the lung."

Myth 4: Cannabis is not addictive.

False.: In a 1996 survey of 200 long-term cannabis users, the National Drug
and Alcohol Research Centre in Sydney, Australia, found that 92 per cent
were dependant on cannabis and 40 per cent were severely dependant.
Withdrawal symptoms included insomnia, night sweats, depression and
appetite fluctuations. "Many people insist that you can't get addicted to
pot," says Wendy Swift, a psychologist leading the survey. "Our research
shows you can. And the longer you use cannabis, the greater the risk of

Professor Heather Ashton, a psychopharmacologies at the University of
Newcastle, has studied the effects of drugs on the human brain for more
than 20 years. She points to recent animal studies showing that the THC in
cannabis activates precisely the same reward areas in the brain as cocaine,
heroin, amphetamines and alcohol, and releases the same chemicals in
similar amounts. "This effect is believed to be the basic common action of
all drugs that produce a recreational "high" and cause drug dependence in

Myth 5: Legalisation would break the link between "soft" and "hard" drugs.

There is no guarantee this would happen - and if it didn't, results could
be disastrous. Legalisation could both give the green light to thousands
more users and take away the legal protection that many young people
actually seem to welcome in reinforcing their own instincts not to take the

Professor Ashton believes that there will always be a proportion of users
who, having become habituated to the drug's escapist buzz, will want to
move on to harder drugs. "There is evidence that, as you get tolerant to
the "high" you take bigger and bigger doses. After a while you reach a
ceiling, and so you go on to more potent drugs."

Recovering addict Lorne Wing, 30, form north London tells of his natural
progression from cannabis to LSD, amphetamines, ecstasy, crack cocaine,
heroin. "With each new drug, I would always draw a line and say, "This is
it. I'm not going to do the next drug." But I always did. As I moved from
one to another, I kept smoking cannabis. I when I eventually decided to
come off drugs, I found cannabis the hardest to give up. "Thousands of
dealers make obscene amounts of money out of cannabis. What do people
imagine they would do if cannabis was legalised? Become computer
programmers, start running shops? Of course not. They would stick in the
only business they know - and push even harder drugs."

Myth 6: Decriminalising cannabis has worked in other countries.

It hasn't. The Netherlands set cannabis apart from hard drugs - by allowing
its sale in coffee shops - in the hope of keeping young people away from
hard drugs. But many of Amsterdam's 400 coffee shops were supplied by
organised crime and began selling hard drugs as well. More than a third
have now been closed down but the city is left with 6,000 drug addicts, who
are responsible for up to 15 per cent of all property crime. The
Netherland's own Ministry of Justice is reported to have decribed Amsterdam
as "the crime capital of Europe."

In Alaska, the experiment was little happier. After cannabis was
decriminalised for adults in 1975, the rate or drug use by 12 to 17 year
olds became twice as high as the average in other US states; crime went up,
not down. Citizens' groups, believing the law was thwarting drug-prevention
efforts, collected more than 20,000 signatures on a petition, forced a
referendum and in 1991 got cannabis recriminalised.

Myth 7: Cannabis users only put themselves at risk.

Not so. Cannabis causes problems for others as well as for its users. In
many countries it is the most common drug, apart from alcohol, to be
detected in people involved in traffic accidents. In a recent Government
survey, ten per cent of drivers tested positive for cannabis (more than 80
per cent of whom weren't above the legal alcohol limit).

While we can now test for the presence of cannabis, there is no way of
measuring degree of intoxication or behavioural disturbance, as there is
with alcohol. Whereas alcohol can be sweated out at one unit per hour, the
narcotic effects of a single joint can last more than 24 hours and traces
can remain in the body for as long as a month.

More frighteningly still, in 1991 US tests on experienced air pilots -
using flight simulators - showed that they had difficulty landing their
aircraft more than 24 hours after a single joint. Yet, before testing, they
had no idea their competence was reduced. Says Professor Ashton, "With the
time and space distortion created by cannabis, the prospect of a world in
which motorists, pilots, train drivers and doctors could legitimately use
the drug is extremely worrying."

Legalizers endlessly claim that we have lost the war against cannabis, and
so its time to change the law.

However, as Chief Superintendent Peter Gammon, president of the Police
Superintendent's Association of England and Wales, says, "It is frankly
disastrous to suggest that we could ever hope for all out victory, any more
than we can win the war on murder or burglary."

But we could do better. Peter Stoker of the National Drug Prevention
Alliance points to the successful campaign in the US. There, with parents,
teachers, drug workers and police all taking an unequivocal line on the
dangers, the number of people who stated that they'd used drugs in the
previous month fell from 25.4 million in 1979 to 12 million in 1992.

This month the Government issues welcome new guidelines on drug education
in Britain's schools. Too often in the past, teaching materials have
concentrated on harm reduction, aiming to help youngsters use drugs safely.
Yet cannabis can never be used "safely".

States south London GP Clare Roden, a police doctor for 27 years, "There
are some sights you never get used to. Most typically, the young man living
on a rundown estate, taking the new high-grade cannabis in such prodigious
quantities that he is admitted to mental hospital in an acute psychotic
state: anxious, shaking and paranoid." She concludes, "Legalisation of
cannabis would be an act of unbelievable irresponsibility."

Copyright Reader's Digest Association Ltd

Well-Off Children 'In Grip Of Heroin' (According To 'The Courier Mail'
In Australia, A Major Public Forum Today On Drug Dependency
At The State Parliament Will Feature Michael Kozminsky, Director
Of The Genesis Medical Centre In Victoria, Who Said Yesterday
That Students From 'Every Decent Private School In Melbourne'
Were Using Heroin, And Claimed Drug Dealers Were Targeting The Offspring
Of The Middle Class)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 15:39:36 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Australia: Well-Off Children 'In Grip Of Heroin'
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: kwr01@uow.edu.au (Ken Russell)
Source: Courier Mail (Australia)
Contact: cmleted@ozemail.com.au
Pubdate: Tuesday, 1 Sept 1998
Author: Christine Retschlag, Social Issues Writer


PRIVATE school children as young as 11 are addicted to heroin, according to
a doctor who has claimed drug dealers are targeting the offspring of the
middle class.

Michael Kozminsky, director of the Genesis Medical Centre in Victoria,
yesterday said students from "every decent private school in Melbourne" were
using the narcotic.

"It is a nice thing where you can blame the poor, disadvantaged or
Aborigines. It actually cuts across all social stratas. It is not a problem
purely of the working class by any means," Dr Kozminsky said. "The children
of the middle class are more susceptible to narcotic problems. They are the
ones who you would be pushing to."

Dr Kozminsky is among a number of professionals who will speak at a major
public forum on drug dependency at State Parliament today.

The forum, entitled "Voice Day" and organised by Drug-Aid, will provide a
platform for professionals and families connected with narcotics to exchange
concerns, knowledge and information.

It comes amid moves by the State Government to introduce the controversial
heroin treatment drug Naltrexone, which is used in Israel's Ultra Rapid
Opiated Detoxification programme.

Premier Peter Beattie has strongly indicated Naltrexone trials will proceed
after further fine-tuning as part of an assault on drugs.

Dr Kozminsky yesterday said heroin addicts' cravings for the drug could be
altered in as little time as 15 minutes under Naltrexone treatment.

"The biggest problem the addict has got, even when they are dried out, is
they have the compulsion to use every day. This stems that," he said.

"It is not a magical cure, but it is a great opportunity."

Naltrexone treatment involves the patient being sedated and given an oral
dose of Naltrexone as they undergo withdrawal between four and eight hours.

They are kept in hospital for 24 hours and should take one pill a day for at
least a year, he said.

Dr Kozininaky said the programme was so successful that 40 percent of
Naltrexone patients were now employed.

DrugAid founder Pat Assheton, whose 26-year-old son died from a heroin
overdose last year, said drug addicts and their families suffered
"atrocious" consequences because of Australia's "inadequate, inappropriate,
harsh and dangerous" approaches to laws and treatments.

Health Minister Wendy Edmond will officially open today's forum at the
Parliamentary Annexe at 9am.

Cannabis Cautioning In West Australia (The ADCA News Of The Day,
From The Alcohol And Other Drugs Council Of Australia, Summarizes
A 'West Australian' Newspaper Article Saying Some Bunbury City Councillors
Are Angry At Not Being Consulted About The State Government's New Scheme
To Cauthion Rather Than Arrest First-Time Cannabis Posession Offenders)

From: McCormack (petermcc@adca.org.au)
To: "'ADCA News of the Day'" (update@adca.org.au)
Subject: UPDATE - NEWS - Cannabis cautioning in W.A.
Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 09:26:05 +1000
Sender: owner-update@wilma.netinfo.com.au
Reply-To: McCormack (petermcc@adca.org.au)

WEST AUSTRALIAN 1 September 1998 p34

Some Bunbury city councillors are angry at not being consulted about a new
cannabis cautioning scheme. Others believe it will lead to cannabis users
flocking to the South-West city. The new scheme, to be tested in Bunbury
and Mirrabooka for 12 months from October 1, will see cannabis users caught
for the first time with less than 50g face an education program instead of
criminal proceedings. Until the end of July, 1815 people were charged with
cannabis-related offences in Bunbury this year. Police have defended the
scheme, saying drug users would not target the two areas because the scheme
applied only to a first offence. It would free up police from attending
court over minor matters and does not take away their discretionary powers
under which they could still charge a first offender.

Pregnant Smokers Linked To Baby Hyperactivity (According To 'Reuters,'
Scientists At Gotenburg University In Sweden Said On Wednesday That Women
Who Smoke Tobacco During Pregnancy Can Increase Their Baby's Risk
Of Developing Attention Deficit Disorder And Learning Difficulties)

Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 08:02:04 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: WIRE: Pregnant Smokers Linked To Baby Hyperactivity
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: shug@shug.co.uk
Pubdate: Tue, 1 Sep 1998
Source: Reuters


LONDON, Sept 2 (Reuters) - Women who smoke during pregnancy can
increase their baby's risk of developing attention deficit disorder
and learning difficulties, Swedish scientists said on Wednesday.

Researchers have already shown that pregnant smokers can pass on
cancer-causing substances to their unborn children. A study by doctors
at Gotenburg University in Sweden has now linked the tobacco habit to
neurological disorders in children.

Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) causes hyperactivity and an
inability to concentrate. Deficits in attention, motor control and
perception -- commonly referred to as DAMP -- describe youngsters who
have learning and motion problems but are not mentally retarded.

Although both conditions are common in children, Professor Christopher
Gillberg and colleagues in the department of child and adolescent
psychiatry at Gotenburg University found that children were more
likely to suffer from attention deficit disorder and DAMP if their
mothers smoked during pregnancy.

``Improved maternal health care, including the prevention of smoking
during pregnancy, could lead to a reduction in the rate of language
and behaviour problems and a reduction in DAMP in the general
population,'' they said in research published in the Archives of
Disease in Childhood, a monthly medical journal.

Their study of 62 six-year-old children with deficit disorders and a
control group of healthy youngsters showed that twice as many in the
deficits group had mothers who smoked during pregnancy.

Stomach and sleep problems were also more common in the deficits group
and two-thirds of the children also had language difficulties.

``Our finding of an association of DAMP and a higher rate of ADHD
symptoms with maternal smoking during pregnancy agrees with other
studies of ADHD and so-called minimal brain dysfunction syndrome, a
disorder similar to DAMP,'' the researchers added.

Millions of children around the world suffer from the conditions,
which are treated with drugs and a new therapy called neurofeedback
which focuses on rebalancing the brain waves of the children and
teaching them to concentrate.

The treatment is based on the theory that ADHD children produce too
many theta brain waves, slow brain waves associated with inattention,
and not enough beta waves involved in concentration.

Studies have also shown that smoking increases a woman's risk of
having a low-birthweight child and is associated with a greater chance
of sudden infant death syndrome, or cot death.

Despite the negative effects of smoking during pregnancy, up to 61
percent of women smokers do not give up the habit during pregnancy.



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