------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Measure Sparks Lively Debate (The Medford Mail Tribune, in Medford, Oregon, covers a debate Thursday night at a Medford church over medical marijuana and Ballot Measure 67, featuring Ed Glick, a chief petitioner and registered nurse, and Molalla Police Chief Rob Elkins.) Date: Sun, 25 Oct 1998 08:27:19 -0900 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Ed Glick (email@example.com) Subject: DPFOR: Medford Debate with bro Elkins Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Hi Everyone: The debate in Medford against Rob Elkins was an attempt for SODA (Southern Oregon Drug Awareness to beat up on a legalizer. Of course, they didn't think that they were also beating up on dying AIDS and cancer patients - a fact that I repeated , and repeated. I argued basically from the moment I walked in the door until I left and, though I am sure I changed no one's mind - I rattled their cages. I even had one man furiously tell me that I was undoing his lifes work- treating young marijuana users who were on the road to ruin. Probably the saddest part for me was realizing that doctors and people who call themselves professionals are willing to blindly and dogmatically spout the same old failed rhetoric. In the case of Dr. Jonathan Gell that was particularly repugnant - him being an MD who swore a "hypocritical" oath to serve, protect and, above all, not harm patients. I repeatedly reminded him of this and asked him how putting patients in jail was supporting his oath to do no harm. He blustered and fumed and said patients aren't going to jail. I guess I am niave - I expect some basic level of honesty and decency from people -even when they disagree. I am convinced that our opponents are incapable of this. But, I survived, got in a couple good interviews and got the following article in the Mail Tribune on Fri. Oct 23. Though he distorted and misquoted me, I guess that's par for the course. Nurse Ed *** POT MEASURE SPARKS LIVELY DEBATE * Ed Glick, a registered nurse from Corvallis, filled his argument with tales of suffering patients. But Molalla Police Chief Rob Elkins said cries for compassion are meant to mask the real goal: the legalization of marijuana. To one, it's a simple act of compassion. To the other, it's a smoke screen for drug legalization. Leading spokespersons for and against Measure 67, the medicinal marijuana initiative, sounded familier themes during a spirited debate Thursday night at a Medford church. The measure would allow people with medical conditions documented by a physician to get a permit to grow and use marijuana. Ed Glick, a registered nurse from Corvallis and one of about a dozen chief petitioners for the measure, filled his argument with tales of suffering patients, some of whom found relief through marijuana use and others denied that relief. "My experience has left me with the impression that marijuana is a useful medicine that has been caught up in a political cat fight called "the war on Drugs, " he said. "What we are trying to do is carve out a small exception for people with serious illnesses." "A compassionate approach is to give to people who are dying any drug that works." But Molalla Police Chief Rob Elkins,who has traveled the state opposing the measure, said cries for compassion are meant to mask the real goal: the legalization of marijuana. "Lets not dress the pig up in a pretty dress and call her a princess," he said. "Every major medical organization in America opposes the use of marijuana in its raw form as medicine. If it has a medical use let's find the medical part of it and perscribe it under careful scrutiny." Much of the debate centered on whether marijuana has legitimate medical uses. Both sides agreed that more studies should be done on the subject. Glick said there is "a tremendous body of knowledge" supporting the medical value of marijuana, although more studies are needed. The lack of solid scientific study was pointed out during the audience input portion of the debate by Dr. Jonathan Gell, director of the joint medical staff for Rogue Valley Medical Center and Providence Medford Medical center. Gell said most studies of medical marijuana have failed to follow the scientific method. Glick admitted most such evidence is anectdotal [I DID NOT!] but said individual patient responses are an important part of medicine and that more extensive studies have been blocked by political interference - especially from law-enforcement interests. "Medical issues are best dealt with by medical people," he said. "I don't believe law-enforcement should be involved in this issue." Elkins countered by pointing out that law-enforcement wouldn't be involved if marijuana followed the route of other medicines: Food and Drug Administration approval. "Ballot measure circumvents a process that protects Americans, the FDA approval," he said, calling the measures supporters "modern snake oil salesmen." Elkins also called the the proposed law a "masterpiece" of loopholes. He said a study by the state's district attorneys provides a grim forecast if the measure passes. "It makes it virtually impossible to prosecute anything but a major commercial operation," he said. Among other things, he said the medical conditions marijuana could be used to treat are far to vague and open to abuse. He said that "chronic pain" from head or backaches could get patients permission to smoke marijuana without regulation for a year. Glick rejected that arguement, saying the law was tightly written. "The idea that the ballot measure is wide open for any hangnail or toothache is preposterous," he said. Glick said the ballot measure is not perfect but is a starting point that is designed to be flexible enough for the state Legislature to modify. Pressed by audience members and Elkins about potential abuses, Glick said such abuse shouldn't stand in the way. "At this point, misuse is widespread," he said. "That isn't a reason to forbid it from someone who spends their nights vomiting in a toilet if it can help them." But Elkins said the message it will send is clear. "If you have a grandma smoking marijuana at home, a kids not going to say "It's a drug," he said. "He's going to say, 'It's a medicine, so how harmful can it be?'" MEDFORD MAIL TRIBUNE, FRIDAY OCT. 23, 1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- Please support I-692 (A letter to the editor of the Everett, Washington, Daily Herald, from a pancreatic-cancer patient, urges voters to endorse the state medical marijuana ballot measure, noting in passing how prohibition, instead of keeping cannabis away from kids, has abdicated to them the easiest access to it.) Date: Sat, 24 Oct 1998 12:09:09 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: PUB LTE: MMJ: Please support I-692 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Herald, The (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.heraldnet.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Daily Herald Co. Author: Norma L. Plumb, Lynnwood PLEASE SUPPORT I-692 I lost my mother to uterine and breast cancer the same week that I was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, so I know a little bit about the suffering of people with terminal or serious illness. My stoic mother was in terrible pain for a week while her nurses and I fought to have morphine prescribed for her. After my pancreatic resection, which included partial removal of my stomach and colon, food and medicine refused to stay down. Medications for calming my stomach and reducing pain were of little use since they wouldn't stay in my stomach long enough to digest. This is a bit graphic, but now that there is an initiative that is truly for the medical use of marijuana, we need to face that swallowing "proven medication" doesn't always work. We have to face that those suffering could be us or those we love. Please vote yes on Initiative 692. Some are concerned that this bill might make marijuana available to our youth. When I was sickest, a friend confided that her non-using kids said they could get marijuana for me within a day anytime. I resisted asking someone to break the law. Now that we have a "sharply honed and carefully worded" initiative (Dr. William Robertson's op-ed in The Herald Oct. 12), please allow cancer and glaucoma patients to relieve their suffering. Please vote for I-692. NORMA L. PLUMB Lynnwood
------------------------------------------------------------------- Reject Marijuana Measure (A staff editorial in The Daily Olympian, in Olympia, Washington, recommends a "no" vote on Initiative 692, saying the insurmountable obstacle is the federal law that prohibits physicians from prescribing marijuana. Reformers must come up with "a safe, legal and foolproof distribution system.") From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "HempTalkNW" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Olympian opposed I-692 Date: Sun, 25 Oct 1998 20:03:40 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Reject Marijuana Measure 10/23/98 Daily Olympian Editorial Initiative 692, the legalization of marijuana for medicinal use, is a vast improvement over last year's ballot measure. But it still comes up short. Residents will remember initiative 685 from one year ago. That seriously flawed initiative would have legalized 100 Schedule 1 drugs, including heroin, LSD, peyote, PCP, forms of morphine and crack cocaine. It would have thrown open the doors of state prisons to immediately release hundreds of drug offenders back into our community. Dr. Rob Killian, a family and hospice physician, saw his initiative go down to defeat - 40 percent in support, 60 percent opposed. Killian is back this year with a vastly improved initiative. He no longer tries to legalize all Schedule 1 drugs. He no longer throws open the prison doors to release felony drug users. Initiative 692 is much more narrowly drawn. Killian bills it as a compassionate measure with a goal of providing marijuana to terminal cancer and AIDS patients to ease their nausea and pain. He is well-intentioned. But this ballot proposition, like last year's, comes up woefully short. The insurmountable obstacle is the federal law that prohibits physicians from prescribing marijuana. Doctors can't hand a prescription for marijuana to their terminally ill patients and expect them to get it filled at the local pharmacy. Prescribing marijuana is against the law. Drafters of Initiative 692 try - unsuccessfully - to find a way to get around that prohibition, yet legally distribute the drug. Even Killian admitted to us that the distribution provisions in Initiative 692 are the weakest part of his initiative. As we understand it, a doctor would simply note in a patient's chart that marijuana may be beneficial, then give a copy of those notes to the patient. That would qualify as "valid documentation" for a patient to acquire and use marijuana. And therein lies another problem with Initiative 692. Patients, or their ill-defined "caregiver could legally acquire marijuana, but the person who sells or provides it to them is not protected under this law. The distributor could be charged with the illegal sale or distribution of drugs. Another flaw in this year's initiative is the provision that allows qualified patients to possess a 60-day supply of marijuana. The initiative never defines what a 60-day supply is. Is that 60 joints, or is it 240 joints? We said last year that we could support a marijuana legalization measure that was both well regulated and doctor-prescribed. Initiative 692, while a big improvement over last year's unsuccessful ballot measure, still comes up short. We are not unsympathetic to patients who may experience some relief by smoking marijuana. But until Killian and his supporters can come up with a safe, legal and foolproof distribution system, we cannot and will not offer our blessing. We encourage voters to reject Initiative 692, to legalize marijuana, when they go to the polls on Nov. 3.
------------------------------------------------------------------- One killed in crash of Border Patrol plane (The Associated Press notes the war on some drug users has claimed another victim - this time, a Border Patrol agent in a plane that crashed Friday in remote terrain east of Bellingham, Washington. Walter Scott Panchison, 53, was a 20-year patrol veteran and former Marine fighter pilot.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "News" (email@example.com), "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Cop Pilot crashed - prohibition related death Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 20:08:04 -0700 Sender: email@example.com One killed in crash of Border Patrol plane The Associated Press 10/23/98 10:34 PM Eastern DEMING, Wash. (AP) -- A Border Patrol plane crashed Friday in remote terrain east of Bellingham, killing the lone agent on board, an official said. The agency's Cessna 182 was responding to embedded motion sensors tripped Friday afternoon in the Columbia Valley Canyon area when it crashed at about 2:30 p.m. PDT, said Bill Strassberger, an Immigration and Naturalization Service spokesman in Laguna Nigel, Calif. The canyon is a known drug and alien smuggling area, Strassberger said. Authorities say the crash occurred in rugged terrain in the Smith Peak area just north of the Mount Baker Highway on the west side of Sumas Mountain. The area is near the small Whatcom County town of Deming. Killed was agent Walter Scott Panchison, 53, of Bellingham. Panchison was a 20-year patrol veteran and former Marine fighter pilot, Strassberger said. "He was very cautious, considered to be one of the best pilots in the Border Patrol," Strassberger said. The plane and pilot were based in Blaine. The Blaine patrol sector encompasses the western half of Washington and the state of Oregon, Strassberger said. The cause of the crash was under investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board, the Federal Aviation Administration and the Border Patrol's air division. In September, two men were killed when a small rented plane crashed about five miles south of Mount Baker. The plane had taken off from Langley, British Columbia, and the pilot had said he would be flying over Canada's Fraser Valley. The off-course crash 17 miles south of the Canadian border caused Whatcom County sheriff's officers to voice suspicions about possible drug activity, though no evidence of drugs was recovered.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Apartments damaged during drug raid (The News Tribune, in Tacoma, Washington, says a Lakewood apartment building went up in flames Wednesday after a SWAT team drug raid by 25 Pierce County sheriff's deputies that left one woman and four men jailed on drug-related charges. Some neighbors said it looked as though the blaze was caused by the stun grenades the SWAT team fired into the units, but prohibition agents suggested those arrested were able to elude 25 police long enough to set the blaze themselves, and might face additional arson charges.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "News" (email@example.com), "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Apartments damaged during drug raid Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 19:56:08 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Apartments damaged during drug raid * After SWAT team serves narcotics search warrants, fire erupts; arson may be added to drug charges (pierce, south king county editions) Hector Castro; The News Tribune Thick smoke, flames and the popping of burning ammunition engulfed a Lakewood apartment building Wednesday after a SWAT team drug raid. "All I heard was an explosion and there was this police officer beating on my door saying there was a fire," said Robert Irwin, watching his building burn. About 25 Pierce County sheriff's deputies descended on the Clark House Apartments, 5607 Boston Ave. S.W., about 2 p.m. to serve three narcotics search warrants. When it was over, the building was in flames and one woman and four men in custody on drug-related charges, sheriff's spokesman Ed Troyer said. Arson might be added to the charges, he said. Lakewood fire crews were called to the scene to extinguish the blaze. Investigators with the Pierce County fire marshal's office believe that the residents set the fire, which damaged eight apartments in one of the 16-unit buildings. Some neighbors said it looked as though the blaze was caused by the stun grenades the SWAT team fired into the units. Deputy fire marshal Floyd Keller said that was unlikely. "I don't see any connection between those and what I found," he said. The 32-unit Clark House complex consists of two buildings, A and B. Deputies intended to search two apartments in building A and a third in building B, SWAT commander Rick Adamson said. SWAT team members - some carrying shields and all outfitted with camouflage clothing, heavy-duty ballistic vests, helmets and assault rifles - shot canisters into the three units. The canisters emit a loud bang and bright flash and are designed to leave people disoriented for a few seconds, Adamson said. Deputies didn't find anyone when they searched the apartment in building B. The first entry into building A went off without a hitch, Adamson said. Deputies forced their way into the ground-floor apartment, pulling out a woman and her 16-month-old baby girl. The woman was detained but not arrested. Deputies later found $6,000 inside the apartment and several large pieces of rock cocaine, Troyer said. When SWAT team members forced open the door to a second-floor apartment in the same building, they were greeted by smoke. "I saw smoke coming out as soon as the door opened," said Adamson, who was on the ground directing the SWAT members. Deputies scrambled to pull fire extinguishers from their patrol cars and raced to the apartment, where flames were shooting out the door. One man dived out a window of the burning apartment and landed at the feet of a deputy, who took him into custody, Adamson said. The fire set off several rounds of ammunition, which snapped and crackled inside the apartment. "That's gunfire," one deputy shouted as she ordered people on the street to move away. "We probably had 40 or 50 rounds go off," Adamson said later. As the fire grew, SWAT team members hauled four men away from the burning structure, handcuffing them and moving them across the street. The 18-year-old woman, a resident of the building, was arrested later as she walked up the street toward the burning apartments. The raid was considered dangerous because the residents had been seen with guns and body armor, Adamson said. "What we saw today is about as high risk as we go," Troyer said. Residents at the Clark House and neighbors reacted with mixed emotions to the raid, the arrests and the fire. "I'm not glad about the fire, but I'm glad they've done this," apartment manager Lloy Nutter said. Nutter and her fiance, Jason Shaw, said there had been trouble with residents in some of the apartments raided. At least once, the managers confronted some of the residents about what they believed were drug sales going on at the apartment. "We were in fear for the safety of our children," Nutter said. The sheriff's Special Operations Unit had been investigating the apartments for several months, Adamson said, and identified the units raided as active crack houses. Just last weekend, a Spanaway man, Maurice D. Young, was shot and killed after being seen entering one of the raided units. The man arrested in connection with Young's death and is expected to be arraigned today on suspicion of second-degree murder. Residents were all too aware of the building's problems before Wednesday. "I hated living down here," Irwin said. "But I couldn't afford to live anywhere else."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheriff Wants To Cut DARE To Allow Hiring Of More Resource Officers (The Seattle Times says King County Sheriff Dave Reichert wants to cut the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program for fifth- and sixth-graders and put an unspecified number of "school resource officers" into secondary schools instead. The county's proposed 1999 budget would eliminate eight DARE officers from 14 school districts in unincorporated areas, saving $469,923 next year.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 21:33:14 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: Sheriff Wants To Cut D.A.R.E. To Allow Hiring Of More Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Seattle Times Company Pubdate: 23 Oct 1998 Author: Mike Lindblom, Seattle Times Eastside bureau SHERIFF WANTS TO CUT D.A.R.E. TO ALLOW HIRING OF MORE RESOURCE OFFICERS King County Sheriff Dave Reichert wants to cut the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program for fifth- and sixth-graders and put more police into secondary schools. It's partly a cost-saving move, but Reichert said he considers a presence with older students more effective. The county's proposed 1999 budget would eliminate eight D.A.R.E. officers from 14 school districts in unincorporated areas, for a savings of $469,923 next year. The five cities that pay the county for D.A.R.E. under their county police contracts - Kenmore, Maple Valley, Covington, Burien and SeaTac - may continue to do so. Reichert wants to supply schools with a yet-undetermined number of "school resource officers" whose job would be a hybrid of mentoring and community policing. Schools would pay under contracts, but aid would be available through federal grants, Reichert said. The D.A.R.E. program, founded in Los Angeles 15 years ago, hasn't reduced drug use among teens, Reichert said. He has no data on resource officers' impact, but reports from several districts that use them are favorable. "If I had to choose between D.A.R.E. and resource officers, there'd be no contest," said Northshore spokeswoman Pamela Steele, whose district is using Bothell and King County resource officers for the fifth year. Reichert expects complaints from schools where students have close relationships with D.A.R.E. officers. Meredith Hill Elementary School in the Federal Way district sent him 200 letters urging that its D.A.R.E. program continue. He announced other budget changes yesterday, including: -- A 10-officer boost in the traffic safety patrols, costing around $600,000. The unit now has 19 officers. -- Creation of a five-officer unit to enforce child-support-payment orders, $400,000. -- Software and five employees to improve analysis of crime patterns, $900,000. -- $1.2 million for security at King County International Airport (Boeing Field), whose 17 officers were absorbed this month by the Sheriff's Office. -- A $1 million spending boost for eight new Metro transit security officers and three dispatchers. The sheriff's budget of $73.9 million represents a $5.5 million increase from this year's $68.4 million figure. Reichert said the increase would be paid for by contracts, with virtually no effect on the county's general expense fund.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Prohibition Rips The Social Fabric (Eileen Foley, an associate editor for The Blade, in Toledo, Ohio, describes the Clinton Administration's recent shutdown of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, and says it's time for society to reconsider the costs and benefits of prohibition. Drug prohibition has ripped the social fabric, criminalized too many, killed too many, terrorized too many. And it has spawned a vested industry as powerful as its performance is poor. Putting blinders on is a good way to control a team of horses going down a thoroughfare, but only if the blinders are on the horses, not the driver.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 15:42:13 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US OH: OPED: Drug Prohibition Rips The Social Fabric Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Richard Lake Source: The Blade (Toledo, OH) Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Copyright: 1998 The Blade Section: Pages of Opinion, Page 11 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.toledoblade.com/ Author: Eileen Foley Note: Eileen Foley is a Blade Associate Editor DRUG PROHIBITION RIPS THE SOCIAL FABRIC If We Treated Addiction As A Medical Problem, We Would Not Waste As Much Time Hating Addicts FOR better or worse, local government in California is escalating state citizens' fight with the federal government over the old devil, marijuana. Oakland's city council, in a 5-4 vote declaring a state of emergency over a federal court's closure of one of the state's largest medical marijuana clubs, has decided to find new sources of the weed for the 2,200 people with medical dispensations to use it who were cut off. In 1996 a state referendum allowed Californians to use marijuana if doctors said they needed it. It is said, for example, to help eye pressure among glaucoma patients, and to help people in pain relax and sleep. Most of the members of the club in question have AIDS, and they say the marijuana enables them to both eat and sleep better. But California's popular vote flies in the face of a federal law that bans the distribution of cannabis. The council action, news reports say, makes Oakland the first local government in California to permit medical use of the weed, in apparent defiance of federal law. It is the second revolt this local government has staged since May, when a federal judge barred six clubs from giving out or selling marijuana, saying it violated federal law. In the first round, city officials made club officials agents of city government, intending to place them under a federal umbrella that protects public officials from liability while enforcing drug laws. The judge found no enforcement in the club's work, however. Oakland is now reviewing its options. And maybe it's time for everyone else to do that, too, just as we once took a fresh look at Prohibition, when we found it doing us more bad than good. Just as we rethought welfare. I don't suggest this from any personal bias. I don't smoke pot or eat it in brownies. I don't smoke cigarettes. Being in control is my drug of choice, so I hate even prescription drugs that diminish my senses and sensibilities. But drug prohibition has ripped the social fabric, criminalized too many, killed too many, terrorized too many. And it has spawned a vested industry with a clique as powerful as its performance is poor. We can't rely on it for much by way of truth. If we weren't fighting drugs -- and losing, by the way -- we wouldn't have as many police, as many prisons, as many rehab centers, as many courts, and surely not as much sanctimony. Taxes, if they did not go down, could be redirected. If we treated addiction as a medical problem, rather than one of crime and punishment, we would not waste as much time hating addicts, and addicts wouldn't be spending as much time up to no good to finance their illegal buys. While this view is not popular right now and may never be popular among people who can't look beyond a loved one lost to drug addiction, public policy requires re-examination of where we are from time to time, plus an assessment of where we have been, and a vision of where we are going. Financier George Soros is not what you'd call a dummy. Neither is writer, novelist, and social critic Gore Vidal. But Mr. Soros is so convinced that addiction is a medical problem, and not one of law and order, that he is investing considerable money in support of public referenda that seek to lift government controls. Mr. Vidal, for his part, has carried on for more than 30 years against the criminalization of drugs and drug users. He insists there would be fewer users and addicts if the drugs were sold at market price with the usual pro-con warnings on labels. These would have to be truthful and aboveboard, he says in the recent issue of Vanity Fair, with officials giving up the absurd contention that marijuana is addictive. Hyperbole blows credibility. Generations of pot smokers know it isn't so. This is not to deny the side effects, but all legit drugs also have them, including aspirin. Re-examining premises isn't popular for individuals, let alone politicians given to righteous rant. But as any householder would look at efforts to repair a leaky cellar as to their effectiveness, the better to call a halt to throwing good money after bad, nationally we should similarly analyze the costs of the last 20 years of our fight against drugs in light of its effectiveness. If we are making measurable headway, then let's keep fighting the fight. But if the numbers show us throwing good money after bad, let's give up our vested interest and cherished beliefs in the fight and try something else. Putting blinders on is a good way to control a team of horses going down a thoroughfare, but only if the blinders are on the horses, not the driver.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Poll - Alaska medical marijuana initiative leads 50 percent to 46 percent (According to a list subscriber who cites the October 1998 issue of Alaska Digest) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 22:57:26 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Charles Rollins Jr) Subject: CanPat - For Immediate release Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org For Immediate release A recent poll publicized in Alaska Digest Oct 1998 issue, showed that ballot measure 8 the medical marijuana measure showed 50% supported the measure and 46% opposed the measure. I am unsure of how valid this poll is because the Alaska Digest didn't name the polling company, or who commissioned the poll, and multitude of other factors could effect this race But if these numbers are accurate, Alaskans for Medical Rights will have their hands full trying to keep this law and on the books and fend off attacks from our conservative legislature, and the federal government with a race that is this close. See ya Chuck
------------------------------------------------------------------- Alaska Ballot Questions Draw "Outside" Interest (Reuters takes a xenophobic look at several Alaskan ballot measures, noting "polls show wide support for" No. 8, the medical marijuana initiative. The $125,000 donated to the No. 8 campaign by the George Soros-supported Americans for Medical Rights is dwarfed by outside contributions to other campaigns from the Utah-based Mormon Church, by a Washington, DC-based group that opposes bilingual education, a Washington-based group headed by conservative Christian activist Gary Bauer, and by animal welfare and pro-hunting activists.) Date: Sat, 24 Oct 1998 11:45:36 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US AK: WIRE: MMJ: Alaska Ballot Questions Draw ``Outside'' Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. Author: Yereth Rosen ALASKA BALLOT QUESTIONS DRAW "OUTSIDE" INTEREST ANCHORAGE, Alaska (Reuters) - In Alaska, a state known for its vast wilderness, frigid climate and rugged individualism, residents have a derisive name -- "Outside" -- for everyplace that is not Alaska and a dismissive motto for the rest of the world: "We don't care how they do it Outside." But Outside, they apparently care how Alaskans do things. Activists in the Lower 48 states have pumped large sums of money into campaigns for Alaska ballot issues to be decided in the Nov. 3 election. The biggest spenders are the Utah-based Mormon Church, a Washington, D.C.-based group that opposes bilingual education, a Washington-based group headed by conservative Christian activist Gary Bauer, animal welfare and pro-hunting activists and a California group supported by billionaire philanthropist George Soros. Their contributions to campaigns on ballot issues affecting gay marriage, official use of English, medical use of marijuana and trapping wolves have dwarfed in-state donations. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) last month gave $500,000, a huge amount in a sparsely populated state, to the Alaska Family Coalition, which is campaigning for an amendment to the state constitution that would forbid same-sex marriage. The Alaska group also got $50,000 from Bauer's organization, American Renewal Inc. In all, the group had raised nearly $600,000 as of early October. OUTSIDERS FEAR ALASKA GAY MARRIAGES Non-Alaskans fear that if Alaska recognizes gay marriages other states would be forced to follow, Alaska Family Coalition spokeswoman Kristina Johannes said. Alaskans for Civil Rights, which opposes the amendment, had collected about $130,000 as of mid-October. Almost all of that was from individual Alaskans and about $30,000 came in the week after the Mormon contribution made the news, spokeswoman Allison Mendel said. Among the Alaska donors was Arliss Sturgulewski, a former state senator and two-time Republican gubernatorial candidate who said she is "offended to to see massive Outside dollars coming into our state with the aim of setting the standards" for Alaskans' relations with each other. "Frankly, this is the first time that I have seen money like that come into the state," Sturgulewski said. The campaign for a ballot measure to mandate government use of English got most of its financial backing from a national organization, U.S. English, which gave about $12,500 to the English-only drive, early October campaign reports show. Why target Alaska? "Because Alaska's part of this country and we're going through every state and we're doing Alaska and Utah this year," Mauro Mujica, chairman of U.S. English, said from his Washington headquarters. His organization is trying to pass English-only laws in all 50 states, said Mujica, who has traveled to Alaska to campaign for the initiative. The measure has drawn bitter opposition from Alaskan Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts, who say it threatens their efforts to preserve embattled aboriginal languages. 'A BUNCH OF PAID PETITION-GATHERERS' Also opposing it is Gov. Tony Knowles, a Democrat seeking re-election, who called it an "emotional wedge issue" imported from the Lower 48 states. "It really is quite amazing that an Outside group would come in here with a bunch of paid petition-gatherers," he said. Soros-supported Americans for Medical Rights donated about $125,000 to an Alaskan group campaigning to legalize medical marijuana use. As of early October, the Alaska group had raised only about $8,500 from other sources. Knowles, Republican gubernatorial candidate John Lindauer and U.S. Sen. Frank Murkowski, a Republican up for re-election, oppose the medical marijuana initiative. But polls show wide support for it and the Green Party's gubernatorial candidate argued at a recent debate that some marijuana use could be an expression of Alaska pride. "We produce the best marijuana in the world," Green Party candidate Desa Jacobbson said. "I'm not going to stand here and say that you can't give some of that marijuana to your grandma when she's suffering." Animal welfare activists, led by Connecticut-based Friends of Animals, which donated $65,000 as of early October, have contributed to the Alaska campaign to outlaw trapping wolves with neckhold snares. A pro-hunting group in Minnesota gave $35,000, and promised more, to defeat the measure. Other propositions on the Alaska ballot have drawn less out-of-state interest. One would ban billboards. Others would strip the governor's authority over legislative redistricting and endorse term limits for elected officials.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Money Pours In As Proposition Battles Heat Up (The Arizona Daily Star gives an update on several state ballot measure campaigns, noting the sponsors of propositions 300 and 301, The People Have Spoken, who want to repeal the legislature's nullification of a 1996 medical marijuana initiative, have raised the most money, $1.7 million.) Date: Mon, 26 Oct 1998 04:54:55 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US AZ: Money Pours In As Proposition Battles Heat Up Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Oct 23, 1998 Source: Arizona Daily Star (AZ) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.azstarnet.com/ Author: Tony Davisand Joe Burchell MONEY POURS IN AS PROPOSITION BATTLES HEAT UP Backers of the Growing Smarter open-space buying plan have built up a $650,000 campaign war chest, far more than their opponents have raised. They join The People Have Spoken, with $1.7 million, and Arizonans for Clean Elections, with $805,000, as the most successful fund-raisers on behalf of ballot propositions. The People Have Spoken wants to repeal legislative changes to the medical marijuana law. The clean elections group wants public funding for political campaigns. The Preserve Arizona - Yes on 303 committee raised $532,000 through Oct. 14, while environmentalist opponents have raised $25,000, according to fund-raising reports released yesterday. Major donations for Growing Smarter: $25,000 each from Suncor Development, U S West Communications and Norwest Bank. Donations of $5,000 each came from Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Arizona, the Pederson Group Inc., Opus West Corp., Sunchase Holdings, Nathan and Associates and the law firm of Steve Betts, the real estate attorney who helped write the referendum proposal. Other large contributions, made after the report was filed, include $100,000 from the Homebuilders Association of Central Arizona, $25,000 from Wells Fargo Bank and $15,000 from an organization calling itself FINOVA. Growing Smarter's supporters have spent $456,000 on radio and TV ads in the Phoenix and Tucson areas and brochures for mailing. The Sierra Club has spent $20,000 on radio ads to fight the plan. The proposal calls for spending $220 million over 11 years to preserve state land. It would bar the state from requiring local governments to adopt growth management plans, impact fees and other growth control measures. The pro-303 campaign has targeted mailings for registered Democratic and Republican voters. The People Have Spoken was formed after the Legislature gutted the medical marijuana law approved by voters two years ago. The group is campaigning for votes against Propositions 300 and 301, which would overturn the legislative changes. They received only one contribution since their last financial report two weeks ago, but it was big enough to allow them to retain their position at the top of the fund-raising list for propositions. Peter B. Lewis, the head of Progressive Insurance in Cleveland, contributed $316,000, raising the group's total to $1.7 million. The Voter Protection Alliance, another committee concerned about the Legislature changing or overturning voter-approved propositions, also had only one big contributor. Peter Sperling gave $250,000. His father, John Sperling, previously donated $150,000, giving the group a total of $400,000. The Sperlings, who own 88 private colleges around the country including the University of Phoenix and Western International in Phoenix, are the only contributors to the alliance. The Voter Protection Alliance is campaigning against Proposition 104, which is a Legislative proposal to limit changes in voter-approved laws. They're supporting Proposition 105, which prohibits repeal of citizen-initiated laws and makes changing them extremely difficult. Arizonans for Clean Elections, which supports public funding for political campaigns in order to reduce the influence of big money interests, has been the beneficiary of several big contributions to raise more than $805,000. That total doesn't include $50,000 from the Peace Development fund of Amherst, Mass., which came after the close of the reporting period. Other big contributors during the last reporting period include $225,000 from the Public Campaign Action Fund in Washington, D.C., which already had given $95,000. The Proteus Fund of Amherst, Mass., gave another $40,000, to bring their total to $135,000. Arizonans for Fair Tax Reform, which supports Proposition 202, raised $100,000 from five contributors in Texas, Colorado and Florida, giving them a total of $353,000. Proposition 202 allows Arizona candidates to sign a pledge that they will support abolishing the Internal Revenue Service. Candidates who sign would have that noted next to their names on future ballots. Yahoo News has a list of news articles and related Web sites on all aspects of Arizona's elections.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Radio Station Gets Attention It Wants (The Arizona Republic says "Party Radio" KPTY-FM since June has let fly with sex and drug references aimed squarely at high-school and college audiences, and has promoted itself with a bong give-away. "We are not in any way supporting the use of drugs," program director Byron Kennedy said. "But we realize that drugs are part of kids' lives. We are dealing with their attitudes, things they deal with every day." "We're your radio station, not your role model." The Federal Communications Commission does not consider drug references to be in violation of its broadcast standards.) Date: Mon, 26 Oct 1998 14:34:06 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US AZ: Radio Station Gets Attention It Wants Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: 23 Oct 1998 Source: Arizona Republic (AZ) Contact: Opinions@pni.com Website: http://www.azcentral.com/news/ Copyright: 1998, The Arizona Republic. Author: Michael Clancy, The Arizona Republic RADIO STATION GETS ATTENTION IT WANTS Station criticized for drug, sex talk It's called "Party Radio," but unless your parties include Hits From the Bong and South Park Bitch, it is unlike any party you ever attended. KPTY-FM (103.9) since June has let fly with sex and drug references aimed squarely at a high school- and college-age audience. Some listeners say the station is most popular with an even younger and more impressionable audience. "We're in the attention-getting business," says Mark Waters, the station's general manager. The effort to attract attention got so raucous that the station's best-known personality, the deejay known as Super Snake, left in mid-September. "When they started giving away bongs (water pipes typically used to smoke marijuana), that was it for me," he said. Snake currently is not on radio. Station management denies that it promotes drug use, but agrees that it is doing what it can to get noticed by its target audience. KPTY may be just another player in a radio environment that includes the often raw sexual advice of Loveline on KUPD-FM (97.9), the extreme sex-oriented antics of Howard Stern on KEDJ-FM (106.3) and the double-entendre humor of almost every FM deejay in town. Even Beth and Bill, morning hosts on KESZ-FM (99.9), have played "music" by an artist known as "Mr. Methane." But with the exception of Stern, whose local audience tends to be older, KPTY probably is the only station that is making a point of using frequent sex and drug references. "It's been a long time since a (Valley) station rocked the boat like the Party," said Waters, who conveys a businesslike attitude much like that of other radio general managers. Some listeners smell something more ominous than merely "rocking the boat." Bob Huey of Phoenix said he has a 13-year-old daughter and has forbidden the station in his home - "not because of the song selections (some of which are risque), but because of the apparent station policy of pro drugs and pro sex, as expressed by the deejays." Several program elements reflect the apparent pro-drug tilt. A frequently played song is Cypress Hill's Hits From the Bong. The morning show, hosted by a man called Big Mama, is called "Wake and Bake," a reference to smoking marijuana. The station for a while did a bit called "Chronic Calls," in which callers were supposed to act high on drugs. The message comes in light of a recent survey that reported one in six Arizona youths used illegal drugs, especially marijuana, in the past month, a rate that is one-third higher than the national average. "We are not in any way supporting the use of drugs," program director Byron Kennedy said. "But we realize that drugs are part of kids' lives. We are dealing with their attitudes, things they deal with every day." Officer Greg Carlin of Scottsdale's Drug Abuse Resistance Education program said he uses several songs the station plays in talks to parents and community groups about how music might be a negative influence. "I don't agree with a lot of the songs and a lot of what they do. It can send the wrong message to kids," he said. Richard Ward, who works with drug-addicted young people as clinical director at Valle del Sol, said parents also could write to advertisers. Among them are Bank One, Foot-locker, AirTouch Cellular, Mobil and Health Choice, a health insurance company. Steve Roman, Bank One Arizona's senior vice president of corporate relations, said the bank's ads were placed from the national Hispanic Marketing Group, which has an eye on a station's demographics. "The buy is done by people who don't know the content," he said. "If the content is way out of the mainstream, we would have to look at it." Waters said that no matter what parents do, advertisers want his audience - "tomorrow's consumer." He said the drug references are part of the station's attempt to have "a distinct difference in presentation" from its competitors. He also acknowledged that he gets at least two calls a day from concerned or angry parents. He tells them that people have a variety of opinions, and that they can register theirs by turning off the station. Kennedy added, "We're your radio station, not your role model." The Federal Communications Commission, which regulates radio broadcasts, fined the station last spring for playing a song with explicit sexual references. Waters said that the station has changed formats since then, and that the station is careful to bleep certain words in songs. The FCC does not consider drug references to be in violation of its broadcast standards. The station, which debuted in May 1997, is owned by New Planet Radio, a small company that operates a similar station in Hawaii. The success of that station, which made a rapid climb into the Top 10, led to the adoption of the format in Phoenix. Stations in Tampa, Fla., Baltimore and Miami are tailoring the format to their markets. The music format includes hip-hop and rap, a good dose of alternative hits and some novelty songs, which Waters calls "identifiers." One of the identifiers is the marijuana song Hits From the Bong. Others, chosen for their ability to grab the ear of a college student, are: ICP Clown Mix by Insane Clown Posse. The rap duo had its latest album shelved by the record company (through the orders of parent company Disney) for obscenity and violence. South Park Bitch, from the Comedy Central TV program. Detachable Penis, by King Missile. A spoken "song" with limited comedic value. "It's scary to hear 12-year-olds calling up asking for Detachable Penis," said Eric Stein of Peoria, an occasional listener. Recent ratings seem to indicate that the station is on the wrong track. With ratings dropping from 3.2 to 1.5 during the life of the Party, the station has lost more than 30,000 listeners, and the time the remaining 160,500 spend listening is 4 hours 15 minutes a week, down from 7 hours, according to the Arbitron Co., which measures radio audiences. SIDEBAR: Gilbert backs KPTY, under fire for sex-drugs programming By Edythe Jensen(br) The Arizona Republic Oct. 23, 1998 Gilbert officials are still playing love songs for its first and only radio station, even though KPTY "Party Radio" is being criticized for its sex-and-drugs programming. "The station management has supported Gilbert in a number of ways, and we consider them an asset," town spokesman David Cannella said. "If they are promoting negative behavior and drug use, that's not something we condone. But it's a private enterprise, and we wouldn't ask them to change their format or play different records." In May 1977, the station moved its offices to Gilbert after what Economic Director Greg Tilque called a four-year effort to lure it. As part of the deal, the station was allowed to build a broadcast tower near Queen Creek at Ocotillo and Schnepf roads. KPTY currently has studios inScottsdale and Gilbert. Two months after the move, the station was fined $7,500 by the Federal Communications Commission for playing a sexually explicit song. Station Manager Mark Waters said the "album version was played by mistake, and we were wrong." A less offensive version was approved for radio play, he said. Last month, a deejay known as Super Snake quit when the station started giving away bongs, water pipes typically used to smoke marijuana. Parents have criticized the drug-and-sex programming that includes songs such as Hits From the Bong, South Park Bitch and Detachable Penis. listened to the station, but both said they have had no complaints from Gilbert residents. Mayor Cynthia Dunham and Tilque have been featured guests on KPTY's Sunday morning talk shows, Cannella said. "The station management is interested in what's going on in Gilbert, and they want to be a partner with the town. If they're having problems with the FCC, they'll need to deal with the FCC," Cannella said. Waters said KPTY has contributed funds to the Gilbert Sister Cities program, has hosted charity carwashes and plans to sponsor a grand opening of the tax-funded Gilbert skate park next year. Reporter Michael Clancy contributed to this article Michael Clancy can be reached via e-mail at email@example.com or at 1-602-444-8550.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Scores Aim Downtown Protest At Police, Jury In Oregon Death (The Houston Chronicle says about 150 to 175 people marched from Market Square to Houston police headquarters Thursday afternoon to protest a grand jury's refusal to indict local prohibition agents who shot and killed an innocent man, Pedro Oregon Navarro, after breaking into his apartment without a warrant.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 14:40:29 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: Scores Aim Downtown Protest At Police, Jury In Oregon Death Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chron.com/ Copyright: 1998 Houston Chronicle uthor: LEIGH HOPPER SCORES AIM DOWNTOWN PROTEST AT POLICE, JURY IN OREGON DEATH Cries of "No justice! No peace! No justice! No peace!" bounced off the buildings lining Main Street as about 150 to 175 people marched from Market Square to Houston police headquarters Thursday afternoon. With drivers stuck in rush-hour traffic looking on, students, senior citizens, parents and children rallied downtown to protest the killing of Pedro Oregon Navarro by police and a Harris County grand jury's clearing the six officers involved except for indicting one on a charge of misdemeanor criminal trespass "When the badge is tarnished, we all bleed a little. End police brutality," said one sign. "Justice should be blind, not D.A. (John B.) Holmes," said another. The demonstration was nonviolent, but emotional and sometimes angry. "They shot him nine times in the back! Nine times in the back!" shouted Eulalio Sanchez to a group of people waiting for a bus. "Say, will they kick in your door next?" yelled another protester to a passer-by. Oregon, 22, was killed July 12 by officers who burst into his home without a warrant, saying they had been told drugs were being sold there. Police say Oregon, who had no criminal record, pointed a gun at them and the shooting followed. Oregon's gun was never fired and no drugs were found. A parade of leaders -- the Nation of Islam's Quanell X, U.S. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, the League of United Latin American Citizens' spokesman Johnny Mata -- took to the podium to speak out against Oregon's death. Mayor Lee Brown sent a messenger who said, "The mayor stands against police brutality." Clutching a photograph of a handsome young man in a military uniform was Sandra Torres, whose brother, Joe Campos Torres, a Vietnam veteran, drowned in 1977 after police beat him and threw him into Buffalo Bayou. The failure to seriously punish the officers led to the Moody Park riot a year later. "I was 8 when they killed my brother," said Sandra Torres, 30. "Back then, we didn't know what to say. Now it's different. I want to speak out. It's been hurting 22 years. Cops getting away with murder; just a slap on the wrist; ... killing innocent people. ... It affects everybody. Nobody deserves to be treated like this." Some protesters blamed Oregon's death on the "hysteria" created by the government's war on drugs. Others called for District Attorney John B. Holmes Jr. to take the case before another grand jury. "The injustice in the Oregon home is a threat to your home," Justice of the Peace Al Green said, "This could happen to any one of us." Delbert Jackson, 36, a food service worker who came to show support for Oregon's family, said, "I know the conditions police work under are real stressful and we don't know the full facts. I can't chastise them because I don't know all the facts. The family has had a loss. (Oregon's death) seems unnecessary."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Narcotics Officer Gets 7 Years In Drug Case (The Dallas Morning News says Robert Gollihugh, a former undercover police narcotics officer in the Lavon, Texas, Police Department, was sentenced Thursday to five years in prison for dealing cocaine and two years in state jail for selling amphetamines for a former drug informant. The prosecutor said Mr. Gollihugh was responsible for his actions because he volunteered for undercover narcotics duty knowing that he was a drug user himself. "There's something sinister there," said Assistant District Attorney Aaron Wiley.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 14:40:39 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: Ex-Narcotics Officer Gets 7 Years In Drug Case Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Dallas Morning News Author: Holly Becka / The Dallas Morning News EX-NARCOTICS OFFICER GETS 7 YEARS IN DRUG CASE Rowlett Man Says He Wasn't Dealing While On Lavon Police Department A former undercover police narcotics officer was sentenced Thursday to five years in prison for dealing cocaine and two years in state jail for selling amphetamines for a former drug informant. Robert Gollihugh, 28, of Rowlett told jurors he didn't deal drugs while he was a member of the Lavon Police Department but had smoked marijuana since he was 15 and twice used other drugs as an officer. He said he quit his police job in June 1997 during a federal investigation into the small southeastern Collin County department that led to the arrests of Mr. Gollihugh's former supervisor and another officer. Soon thereafter, he said, his wife left him, and he turned to a former drug informant for work. Even after Addison police and members of a regional drug task force arrested him Sept. 12, 1997 - in part because of a taped telephone call his wife turned over to authorities - he continued to use drugs, he testified. He apologized for hurting his loved ones, calling himself "a lost piece of trash." "I want to get my life started again," he said. "It's been on hold since Sept. 12. I want to get back on track. . . . I'd like to watch my little girl grow up." Mr. Gollihugh must serve at least half of the five-year prison term before becoming eligible for parole because the jury that convicted and sentenced him found he used a gun during the crime. His two-year state jail term will run concurrently. Assistant District Attorney Aaron Wiley had asked jurors in state District Judge Faith Johnson's court for the maximum 20-year sentence. Mr. Wiley argued that Mr. Gollihugh betrayed other officers by turning dirty and by protecting his drug-dealing partner/supplier from investigators. That dealer remains at large, officials said. Defense attorney Robert Rogers sought probation so Mr. Gollihugh could attend a Christian-based drug rehabilitation program. Several members of his family testified on his behalf during sentencing. Mr. Rogers said the system failed Mr. Gollihugh by never providing him proper training as an undercover officer and never helping him after he became a casualty in the war on drugs. "If you're going to fight a war and you're going to have casualties, you should pick up your wounded and bring them home," Mr. Rogers said. "No one did that." Mr. Gollihugh testified he did not have a serious drug problem, and Mr. Wiley noted there was no evidence the defendant was an addict. The prosecutor said Mr. Gollihugh was responsible for his actions because he volunteered for undercover narcotics duty knowing that he was a drug user himself. "There's something sinister there," Mr. Wiley said. Mr. Gollihugh said he spent several years working from a part-time volunteer post with the Lavon police to a full-time paid position. He said his only training came from a community college course and then his supervisor, whom he considered a good cop. His supervisor, former Lt. Jeffrey Wayne Gardner, was later sentenced to nine years in federal prison for stealing money, property and drugs from the department. Three months after he quit, Mr. Gollihugh was arrested at an Addison motel. Among the items investigators recovered in his room were a small amount of drugs, syringes, 21 pipes, scales for weighing drugs, two guns, ammunition, knives and anabolic steroids, according to testimony. In phone conversations between Mr. Gollihugh and his dealing partner, the defendant was heard saying he would work day deliveries and act as an enforcer to protect the business. Mr. Rogers told jurors that Mr. Gollihugh was arrested before he could act on many of those plans. Mr. Gollihugh said the recording was made because he tapped his own telephone to determine if his wife was cheating on him. Colleen Gollihugh testified for prosecutors that she gave the tape to police after finding it and becoming afraid about what her husband had become involved in. She then testified for the defense during sentencing, urging the jury to consider probation so the couple's daughter could see her father. Mr. Gollihugh told jurors that although he used drugs at home, he wouldn't keep them there because he didn't want his daughter exposed to them. "You care about your daughter," Mr. Wiley said, "but you don't care about anyone else because you're putting this poison out on the street." "I know," Mr. Gollihugh replied. "I wish I hadn't. It was a bad decision."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Cop Gets 13 Months For Taking 2 Payoffs (The Chicago Tribune says Richard Lopardo, a former Chicago police officer who pleaded guilty nearly two years ago to accepting $500 in 1991 and $2,000 in 1992 in exchange for leaking details about a police investigation of a drug dealer, was sentenced Thursday.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 20:52:02 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IL: Ex-Cop Gets 13 Months For Taking 2 Payoffs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Section: Sec. 1 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Copyright: 1998 Chicago Tribune Company Author: Matt O'Connor EX-COP GETS 13 MONTHS FOR TAKING 2 PAYOFFS A former Chicago police officer was sentenced to 13 months in prison Thursday for pocketing payoffs in return for providing sensitive details about a police investigation of a drug dealer. Richard Lopardo, 55, pleaded guilty nearly two years ago to accepting $500 in late 1991 and $2,000 in cash in October 1992 for his part in the scheme. Lopardo retired in 1996 after he was confronted by the FBI and agreed to cooperate. He was with the Chicago police for 23 years. Here is how the scheme worked, according to government filings and sources: Robert Merel, who owed a "juice" loan debt to reputed mob associate Richard Spizzirri, decided to pose as a cop and extort cash from Marc Jacobs, a dealer of Quaaludes. To add to the realism, Spizzirri enlisted the help of a friend, Nicholas Levas, a veteran Cook County sheriff's patrolman. But the day after Levas and Spizzirri allegedly strong-armed Jacobs, threatening to arrest him if he didn't hand over $100,000 in drug profits, Jacobs went to the FBI. Over the next two months in 1991, as he paid off his extorters, he wore a hidden recorder. After one of Jacobs' dealers was arrested with a large quantity of Quaaludes, Levas turned to Lopardo, a friend, to find out if the dealer was squealing on Jacobs. Lopardo revealed that the dealer wasn't cooperating, according to his plea agreement. Lopardo split half of that $500 payoff with an undisclosed Chicago police officer who had provided the information to him, authorities said. In 1992, when a woman dealer who had bought drugs from Jacobs was arrested, Levas turned to Lopardo again to find out if Jacobs was under investigation. In return for $2,000, Lopardo revealed that Jacobs had a lot of "heat" on him from law enforcement, court documents showed. It turned out that at some point, Levas began cooperating with authorities, too, and wore a hidden recorder while meeting Lopardo. Merel, Spizzirri, Jacobs and Levas also had been sentenced to prison. At the sentencing Thursday, Assistant U.S. Atty. Gil Soffer disclosed that Lopardo cooperated as well after the FBI confronted him, but his assistance didn't lead to any prosecutions. Still, the government agreed to a reduced prison term. U.S. District Judge John Grady raised questions about whether Lopardo was involved in other dishonest activities as a cop after noting he had a $420,000 house in Wisconsin. But Lopardo's lawyer, Matthias Lydon, said his client was able to buy the house as a result of a broker friend's wise investment advice for more than 20 years. Lydon said prosecutors had looked into the purchase and were satisfied that ill-gotten proceeds weren't used.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ruling Ends Some Marijuana Sting Operations (The New York Times says the New York State Court of Appeals on Thursday reversed a Monroe County Court decision that allowed people who believed they were buying marijuana to be charged with criminal solicitation.) Date: Sat, 24 Oct 1998 12:12:18 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US NY: Ruling Ends Some Marijuana Sting Operations Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Copyright: 1998 The New York Times Company Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Author: Monte Williams RULING ENDS SOME MARIJUANA STING OPERATIONS In a ruling that will limit the way police departments conduct some sting operations involving marijuana, the State Court of Appeals in Albany, N.Y., Thursday reversed a Monroe County Court decision that allowed people who believed they were buying marijuana to be charged with criminal solicitation. The case involved 54 defendants who bought small amounts of what they believed to be marijuana, but which was actually oregano, from police officers in Rochester, N.Y., who were acting as drug sellers. Because undercover officers are not allowed to sell real marijuana, the buyers could not be charged with possession of marijuana, a violation that carries a maximum fine of $100. Instead, they were charged with criminal solicitation, which carries a maximum sentence of 15 days in jail. The Court of Appeals ruled that they could not be charged with criminal solicitation because of an exemption in the penal code that states "a person is not guilty of criminal solicitation when his solicitation constitutes conduct of a kind that is necessarily incidental to the commission of the crime solicited." David Steinberg, chief assistant public defender in Dutchess County, said, "Basically it's a legal exemption, a defense to a charge of criminal solicitation, when the conduct complained of is part and parcel to the commission of the crime that is being solicited." Steinberg is now appealing a criminal solicitation conviction in a reverse sting case in which his client tried to buy crack cocaine from an undercover officer in July 1997. Thursday's ruling spells an end to reverse sting operations involving marijuana, according to Thomas Rainbow Morse, an assistant district attorney who represented the state, but not to all reverse sting drug operations. Other drugs carry higher penalties than marijuana. Although cocaine buyers may no longer be charged with criminal solicitation, they can be charged with attempted possession of cocaine. "Attempted possession of marijuana is not an offense," said Edward Nowak, the Monroe County public defender, who represented the 54 defendants. Morse said he was not giving up and that he hoped to change the criminal solicitation statute. "We're going to move the halls of justice to the corridors of the Legislature," he said. "We hope to find a sponsor in the next session of the Legislature."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Murder Trial Examines Drug Use by Teacher (According to The New York Times, a former student who is accused of killing Jonathan M. Levin, a popular Bronx high school teacher, says he was in Levin's apartment to sell him crack cocaine when two armed men arrived. Cleo Tejada, a fellow teacher and former girlfriend of Levin's, said that Levin occasionally smoked marijuana but never used crack.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "News" (firstname.lastname@example.org), "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: NY Murder Trial Examines Drug Use by Teacher Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 20:20:11 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org October 23, 1998 The New York Times Murder Trial Examines Drug Use by Teacher By DAVID ROHDE Defense lawyers and prosecutors jousted for the first time yesterday over the defense's charges of drug use by Jonathan M. Levin, the popular Bronx high school teacher who prosecutors say was killed by a former student. The former student, Corey Arthur, told the police after his arrest that he was in Levin's apartment to sell him crack cocaine when two armed men arrived.. Arthur, who has denied committing the killing, said he managed to escape from the apartment when the gunmen came in. Cleo Tejada, a fellow teacher and former girlfriend of Levin's, said in response to a question from prosecutors yesterday that Levin occasionally smoked marijuana but never used crack. She went on to say that Levin had reported a fellow teacher who was using crack to his supervisors at William Howard Taft High School in the Bronx and later praised the dismissal of the teacher. But under cross-examination, Arthur's lawyer, Anthony Ricco, produced a police report from June 1997 in which police officers quoted Ms. Tejada as saying Levin smoked marijuana on a "daily basis." Ms. Tejada denied making the statement, saying that was not a term she would have used. Ricco asked Ms. Tejada if she would lie to protect Levin's reputation. "No -- I'm Catholic and I swore on the Bible," she said, referring to the oath she took before testifying. Earlier in the day, the courtroom was hushed, and Levin's mother, Carol Levin, was brought to tears as prosecutors played a cassette tape from her son's telephone answering machine. The tape includes a message Arthur left at 4:55 P.M on May 30, 1997, a Friday. " Levin, this is Corey," a voice on the tape says. "Pick up if you're there. It's important." According to prosecutors, Levin then let Arthur, 20, and Mountoun T. Hart, 26, into his apartment. The two youths then robbed and tortured the teacher, prosecutors say, and Arthur shot him. The two dozen messages that followed transfixed the jury. The messages, from Levin's friends and students, progressed from cheerful weekend greetings for "Jake" -- Levin's nickname -- to frantic pleas for him to call and say he was all right. "We're worried about you," Ms. Tejada says on a message left on May 31. "Please call and let us know you're all right." On Sunday, June 1, a woman who identifies herself as Karen calls repeatedly. By Monday, panic creeps into her voice. "We are all so terribly worried about you," she says. "Where are you? "Call and say something as soon as you come in the door. Call." The final message played silenced the courtroom. "Hello, this is the medical examiner," a voice says. "Are any officers there? Hello?"
------------------------------------------------------------------- Poll - Potential jurors say they would follow own beliefs, not judge (The Associated Press says a new poll called the Juror Outlook Survey, taken for the National Law Journal and Decision Quest, a national trial consulting and legal communications company, says three out of four potential jurors agreed with the statement that "Whatever a judge says the law is, jurors should do what they believe is the right thing." However, it's not explained why therefore the 25 percent of the population opposed to marijuana prohibition is unable to bring the war on some drug users to a screeching halt.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "News" (firstname.lastname@example.org), "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: Potential jurors say they would follow own beliefs, not judge Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 20:14:49 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Poll: Potential jurors say they would follow own beliefs, not judge By WILL LESTER The Associated Press 10/23/98 5:38 PM Eastern WASHINGTON (AP) -- Most Americans eligible to serve on a jury say they would act on their own beliefs of right and wrong regardless of legal instructions from a judge, a poll says. Three out of four potential jurors agreed with the statement: "Whatever a judge says the law is, jurors should do what they believe is the right thing." "Lawyers need to stop relying on the judge to win the case for them and start learning how to present the most compelling story that is in accord with jurors' deeply held beliefs," said David Davis, senior vice president for Decision Quest, a national trial consulting firm. But a veteran prosecutor said jurors often feel differently once they are in the courtroom. "Once they are sitting on a jury, I believe a juror tries very hard to follow the judge's instruction," said Joan Alexander, chief of Connecticut's Statewide Prosecution Bureau. "Sometimes it causes them inner turmoil, but I feel that ultimately they believe that the law has to be applied fairly." The poll, released Friday, may reflect an increasing amount of legal knowledge among the general public, said one law professor. "It seems to me we have more sophisticated court watchers these days so that everybody has access to lawyer programs and lawyer commentary," said Myrna Raeder, chair of the criminal justice section for the American Bar Association. "Everyone feels they know where the truth is." She said people might answer differently if they recognized they would be violating their oaths as jurors. In another area, the poll suggested potential jurors were more than three times as likely to feel they could not be fair or impartial toward a gay or lesbian defendant as toward a defendant from other minority groups such as blacks, Hispanics or Asians. The poll said 17 percent of those polled felt they could not be fair or impartial toward a gay or lesbian defendant. About 5 percent said they could not be impartial for blacks, Hispanics or Asians. The poll turned up a significant bias against big corporations that often face lawsuits and against politicians. At least one in six of those surveyed said he could not be fair and impartial in cases involving those defendants. Also, about one in five said he would feel bias if the defendant was a tobacco company. And about one in six said he was more likely to feel a bias toward a breast implant company or an asbestos manufacturer. "Individuals don't like to admit they are biased in any way," Davis said. "The high percentage who were willing to admit publicly they were biased, one can only assume it's much deeper than that." The poll, called the Juror Outlook Survey, was taken for the National Law Journal and Decision Quest, a national trial consulting and legal communications company. The phone survey of 1,016 adults eligible for jury duty was taken Oct. 2-4 and had a margin or error of plus or minus 3 percentage points. The poll sample screened respondents who would be eligible for jury duty, depending on the laws of each state. The survey was done to provide lawyers "with expanded insight into areas that impact their clients and cases," said William Pollak, president and chief executive officer of American Lawyer Media, publisher of the National Law Journal. Among other findings of the poll: --More than 40 percent of those polled and more than 70 percent of blacks polled believe minorities are treated less fairly than others by the justice system. --Almost one third of those surveyed distrust police testimony. *** OCTOBER 23, 1998 Key Findings of Juror Poll By The Associated Press Some key findings of the poll on potential jurors: - Do you agree or disagree with the statement: Whatever a judge says the law is, jurors should do what they believe is the right thing? Agree 76 percent, disagree 20 percent. - Do you agree or disagree with the statement that you could be a fair and partial juror in a case if ... One of the parties was a homosexual or a lesbian? Agree 78 percent, disagree 17 percent. One of the parties was an African American? Agree 93 percent, disagree 5 percent. One of the parties was a Hispanic? Agree 93 percent, disagree 5 percent. One of the parties was an Asian? Agree 93 percent, disagree 5 percent. One of the parties was a tobacco company? Agree 75 percent. disagree 22 percent. One of the parties was a politician? Agree 80 percent, disagree 15 percent. - Do you agree or disagree with the statement: Law enforcement officials usually tell the truth when they take the witness stand? Agree 61 percent, disagree 32 percent.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Researchers Testing Fungus In Battle Against Narcotics (An Associated Press article in The Dallas Morning News says the US Congress has approved $23 million for further research into what are known as "mycoherbicides," soil-borne fungi capable of eradicating plants that provide the raw material for cocaine, heroin and marijuana.) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 14:40:19 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Researchers Testing Fungus In Battle Against Narcotics Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Dallas Morning News Author: Associated Press RESEARCHERS TESTING FUNGUS IN BATTLE AGAINST NARCOTICS WASHINGTON - Government researchers are testing a fungus they believe will kill narcotics plants without harming other crops or animal life, a potential breakthrough aimed at cutting foreign production of illegal drugs headed for the United States. Congress has approved $23 million for further research into what are known as "mycoherbicides," soil-borne fungi capable of eradicating plants that provide the raw material for cocaine, heroin and marijuana. The Clinton administration is far from unanimous about the innovation. Skeptics say more testing must be done to prove the effectiveness and safety of the technology, and winning the support of governments of drug-producing South American countries - Colombia, Peru and Bolivia - won't be easy. None has been briefed extensively, and none has taken a public position. The administration will get to sound out Colombian President Andres Pastrana next week when he comes on a state visit to Washington. The three South American countries are the only ones anywhere that produce the base plant for cocaine. The legislation was guided through Congress by Sen. Mike DeWine, R-Ohio, and Rep. Bill McCollum, R-Fla. In addition to mycoherbicide research, the legislation provides for promotion of alternative crops to narcotics plants for South American farmers. "These micro-organisms have the potential to cripple drug crops before they are even harvested," Mr. DeWine said. Mr. McCollum said the new crop-eradication technology is much safer than traditional strategies. "All of the indications are that this has the potential for making a big difference in the drug war," he said. "This could be the silver bullet." House Foreign Relations Committee chairman Benjamin Gilman, R-N.Y., said the technology is "extremely effective, not costly, doesn't affect the environment and is a good way of eradicating coca." The United States has spent billions of dollars over the years with little success in trying to slay the drug dragon. The "just say no" campaign of the 1980s has been followed up by a government-sponsored media ad blitz warning people of the dangers of drugs. Chemical sprays and interdiction efforts have been used to cut supply. Still, an estimated 6.7 million addicts live in the country, and experts estimate that 13 million Americans have used drugs in the last month. U.S. officials believe South American countries can be persuaded to go along with the program only if farmers have plausible alternatives to narcotics plants. As one promising alternative, officials are touting chocolate, derived from cacao trees, because it is a suitable alternative for South American small farmers and the global market in the coming years is expected to be tight. Experiments by Agriculture Department scientists focus on isolating the mycoherbicides that narcotics plants produce naturally. If, for example, a coca plant is doused with the fungi, it wilts, and decades must pass before the area is again suitable for growing coca. Beans, corn or other crops grown nearby are unaffected. Environmental Protection Agency scientists believe no harm would come to humans or animals as well. The same technologies can be applied to eradicate plants used for marijuana and heroin. Advocates and skeptics agree that the program will go nowhere without the support of the drug-producing countries. Unless the political groundwork is properly laid, farmers' unions or environmental groups in the coca-growing countries could come out in opposition, nullifying the possibility of cooperation, officials say. The costs of drug addiction are obvious: 14,218 drug-related deaths in 1995, and the price to society each year is $67 billion, according to the Office of National Drug Control Policy.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Fungus That Kills Drug Plants Is In Test Phase (A slightly different Associated Press version) Date: Mon, 26 Oct 1998 05:02:26 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US DC: Wire: Fungus That Kills Drug Plants Is In Test Phase Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: Oct 23, 1998 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 Associated Press. FUNGUS THAT KILLS DRUG PLANTS IS IN TEST PHASE WASHINGTON -- Government researchers are testing a fungus they believe will kill narcotics plants without harming other crops or animal life, a potential breakthrough aimed at cutting foreign production of illegal drugs headed for the United States. Congress has approved $23 million for further research into "mycoherbicides," soil-borne fungi capable of eradicating plants that provide the raw material for cocaine, heroin and marijuana. The Clinton administration is far from unanimous about the innovation. Skeptics say more testing must be done to prove the effectiveness and safety of the technology, and winning the support of governments of drug-producing South American countries such as Colombia, Peru and Bolivia won't be easy. None has been briefed extensively, and none has taken a public position. The administration will get to sound out Colombian President Andres Pastrana next week when he comes on a state visit to Washington. The three South American countries are the only ones anywhere that produce the base plant for cocaine. The legislation was guided through Congress by Sen. Mike DeWine (R-Ohio) and Rep. Bill McCollum (R-Fla.). In addition to mycoherbicide research, it provides for promotion of crops as alternatives to narcotics plants for South American farmers. "These microorganisms have the potential to cripple drug crops before they are even harvested," DeWine said. McCollum said the new crop-eradication technology is much safer than traditional strategies. "All of the indications are that this has the potential for making a big difference in the drug war," he said. "This could be the silver bullet." House Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman (R-N.Y.) said the technology is "extremely effective, not costly, doesn't affect the environment and is a good way of eradicating coca." The United States has spent billions of dollars over the years with little success in trying the slay the drug dragon. The "just say no" campaign of the 1980s has been followed up by a government-sponsored media ad blitz warning people of the dangers of drugs. Chemical sprays and interdiction efforts have been used to cut supply. Still, an estimated 6.7 million addicts live in the country, and experts estimate that 13 million Americans have used drugs in the last month. U.S. officials believe South American countries can be persuaded to go along with the program only if farmers have plausible alternatives to narcotics plants. As one promising alternative, officials are touting chocolate, derived from cacao trees. Experiments by Agriculture Department scientists focus on isolating the mycoherbicides that narcotics plants produce naturally. If, for example, a coca plant is doused with the fungi, it wilts, and decades must pass before the area is again suitable for growing coca. In addition, beans, corn or other crops grown nearby are unaffected. Environmental Protection Agency scientists believe no harm would come to humans or animals as well. The same technologies can be applied to eradicate plants used for marijuana and heroin. All agree that the program will go nowhere without the support of the drug-producing countries. Unless the political groundwork is properly laid, farmers unions or environmental groups in the coca-growing countries could come out in opposition, precluding cooperation, officials say. They also are bracing for allegations that Washington plans biological warfare against these countries.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 64 (The Drug Reform Coordination Network's original summary of drug policy news and calls for action, including - Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Club shuts down, city declares medical emergency; Colombian president calls for end to eradication; Grand jury fails to indict in death of man shot in home; Magazine Publishers of America urges "editorial support" for PDFA ad campaign; Washington, DC, appropriations bill forbids district from funding its own syringe exchange program; Scottish citizens' commission, including Catholic priest, calls for legalization, reform; and an editorial by Adam J. Smith, Death, but no justice in Houston) Date: Fri, 23 Oct 1998 03:05:32 -0400 To: email@example.com From: DRCNet (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 64 Sender: email@example.com The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 64 -- October 23, 1998 A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network -------- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -------- (To sign off this list, mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:email@example.com for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) (This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html. Check out the DRCNN weekly radio segment at http://www.drcnet.org/drcnn/.) PERMISSION to reprint or redistribute any or all of the contents of The Week Online is hereby granted. We ask that any use of these materials include proper credit and, where appropriate, a link to one or more of our web sites. If your publication customarily pays for publication, DRCNet requests checks payable to the organization. If your publication does not pay for materials, you are free to use the materials gratis. In all cases, we request notification for our records, including physical copies where material has appeared in print. Contact: Drug Reform Coordination Network, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, (202) 293-8340 (voice), (202) 293-8344 (fax), e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you. ANNOUNCEMENTS: Please send event listings on drug policy and related areas to email@example.com -- help us help you build the movement! Legislative and other info are also needed. Thanks to the nearly 600 of you who are raising DRCNet needed funds through eyegive -- visit http://www.eyegive.com/html/ssi.cfm?CID=1060 to sign up, or http://www.eyegive.com to participate if you're already signed up. DRCNet needs your support! Visit https://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi (encryption- protected) or http://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi to pledge or donate. Free copies of Shattered Lives: Portraits from America's Drug War with gifts of $35 or more! Watch for a major new section of our web site next week! TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Club Shuts Down, City Declares Medical Emergency http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#oaklandcbc 2. Colombian President Calls for End to Eradication http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#pastrana 3. Grand Jury Fails to Indict in Death of Man Shot in Home http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#navarro 4. Magazine Publishers of America Urges "Editorial Support" for PDFA Ad Campaign http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#publishers 5. Washington DC Appropriations Bill Forbids District from Funding its own Syringe Exchange Program http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#dcnepban 6. Scottish Citizens' Commission, Including Catholic Priest, Calls for Legalization, Reform http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#scotland 7. EDITORIAL: Death, But No Justice in Houston http://www.drcnet.org/wol/064.html#editorial *** 1. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Club Shuts Down -- City Declares Medical Emergency After a last minute reprieve which allowed their doors to stay open over the weekend, the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Club shut down on Monday (10/19) under threat of forced closure by federal authorities that evening. Standing in front of the club as the last of its equipment and stock were removed by volunteers, director Jeff Jones told gathered supporters about his experiences watching his father die of cancer, and said that the federal government's action was putting the health of the club's 2,200 members at risk. In response to the club's forced closing, the Oakland City Council voted on Tuesday to declare a city-wide "state of medical emergency" and to explore options for providing patients with access to their medicine. Last week, councilman Nate Miley told The Week Online that the city was committed to the health of its citizens, and to the will of its voters, and that if all else failed, the possibility existed for members of the city government itself to provide cannabis to patients in an act of civil disobedience (see http://www.drcnet.org/wol/063.html#oaklandcbc). At the present time, no plans have been made and it is unclear what can be done legally under the medical emergency designation. "This has been a very sad and a sobering experience" Jones told The Week Online. "The federal government has come in and has used every tactic to subvert the will of the people of California and the health of its citizens, not to mention, the stated intent of the Oakland city government. As of now, temporarily at least, our doors are closed. Our patients, people with AIDS and cancer and a host of other debilitating diseases, will be forced into the street to find their medicine. We will, of course, do everything in our power to see this injustice righted." Jones took some solace in the possibilities of the upcoming elections. "If medical marijuana initiatives win in four or five states and in Washington, DC on November 3rd, then I think we'll have a whole new ballgame. It's one thing to ignore the will of voters in one or two states, but assuming that the feds keep losing these, it's going to become apparent that the voters are way out in front of the politicians on this issue. There's also the matter of the attorney general's race here in California, where Lockyer, the Democrat, has been a strong ally. It's a close race, but if he wins I think that the patients will have a strong advocate." *** 2. Colombian President Calls for End to Eradication Colombian President Andres Pastrana rebuked the US Drug War in harsh language last week (10/15), telling a group of foreign correspondents in Bogota that aerial eradication of coca "has not worked," adding, "clearly, we have to look for another policy." Over the past four years, while US-funded eradication efforts have been increased, the amount of land being used for coca cultivation in Colombia has more than doubled. In response to the eradication efforts, however, peasants have moved their operations deeper and deeper into the Amazon Basin, clearing rain forest and harming the environment. Pastrana, who has taken bold steps to begin peace negotiations with the rebels who control much of the southern half of his country, is scheduled to meet with President Clinton in Washington on October 28-29. But US Drug Warriors, both in the Republican-controlled congress and in the Office of National Drug Control Policy, were less than eager to stop dumping poison on Colombia's rainforest and its inhabitants. "Sixty percent of all the drugs that enter the United States start from or pass through Colombia," Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey told reporters. "There has to be a continued willingness to confront this threat to the hemisphere, and aerial eradication has to be part of it." Eradication has become the focus of a number of environmental groups recently, as the US has pushed for the use of Tebuthiuron, which can be dropped from higher altitudes than traditional defoliants, providing a measure of safety for pilots. Until recently, Dow Chemical held the patent on Tebuthiuron, and had refused to sell it to the US for use in eradication, citing environmental and safety concerns (http://www.drcnet.org/wol/47.html#herbicide). Congress has also ignored Pastrana's statements, and last week passed an omnibus spending bill which included over $150 million in aid, including hardware, for the purpose of eradication. Winifred Tate of the Washington Office on Latin America (http://www.wola.org) told The Week Online, "Eradication is obviously a serious issue in terms of the peace process. President Pastrana is in a difficult position on this in that the support of the business community, which is vital to his peace effort, will be impacted if the US decides to decertify Colombia. And there are other relationships as well between the two countries where the US can apply pressure, especially with regard to trade and military aid." Cynthia Arnson, Senior Program Associate of the Latin American Program at the Woodrow Wilson Center told The Week Online, "This latest confrontation over eradication is just the latest manifestation of a storm that has been brewing since Pastrana took office. There growing unease in Colombia with eradication as it is seen as a process which is driving peasants further into the arms of the guerrillas. The growing clash is evidence of contradictory viewpoints between the two governments. It (eradication) is politically difficult for the Colombian government, especially as it pertains to the peace process, but while the State Department has been supportive of that process, there are other interests at stake for the US as well. "Officials in the Pastrana administration have been publicly questioning eradication for some time," she said, "and these latest statements sound like a digging in of the heels in advance of his visit. I'm sure that the program will be seriously discussed next week when President Pastrana is in Washington." (Editor's note: Report after report issued by US government agencies as well as private research groups have found eradication to be a total failure. For example, skim through the General Accounting Office reports online at http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/GOVPUBS/gao/gaomen1.htm for many relevant studies. Mike Gray makes the point powerfully in the book Drug Crazy, released by Random House last June. Chapter six, The River of Money, takes us from the inauguration of President George Bush, who dramatically increased the Andean strategy of coca eradication, through to the end of his four-year administration. Eradication had not reduced coca cultivation -- in fact the total cocaine output in the Andes increased 15 percent -- but had merely shifted it around in what is known as the "balloon effect" or "push down, pop up". In Peru, where $2 billion was spent on eradication during the Bush years, coca cultivation moved from the Upper Huallaga valley, to which it had previously been limited, to the valleys of the Aguatyia, the Ucali, the Tambo and the Apurimac. As Gray puts it, "In all, some two hundred thousand farmers were now growing coca in an area that had been largely rain forest on the day Bush was inaugurated." Latin America's cocaine industry, including cultivation as well as refining and transportation, had spread to an area nearly as large as the continental United States. While drug warriors point to nations that at times have reduced their coca cultivation -- one of the chief criteria in the certification process -- that cultivation has invariably been replaced with increased growing in other nations. Eradication is not sensible part of a drug- fighting strategy; it is a ridiculous wild goose chase that flies in the face of principles familiar to anyone who has taken a single semester of economics. We urge our readers to go to the bookstores and support Mike Gray's important book; or check it out online at http://www.drugcrazy.com to read the first chapter and the appendix of online resources and other information, or to purchase it online. - DB) *** 3. Grand Jury Fails to Indict in Death of Man Shot in Home On July 12, Pedro Oregon Navarro, a 22 year-old father of two, was shot to death in the bathroom of his home by at least six Houston (TX) police officers. The officers had entered Navarro's home by kicking in his door without a warrant on the word of a drug suspect who told them that bthere were drugs being sold in the apartment. The suspect was not a registered informant as required by Houston Police Department policy. No drugs were found in the home and, blood tests on Navarro's corpse came back negative. Officers claimed that they believed that Navarro had fired upon them, but ballistics tests showed that all 30 shots were fired by the officers. Twelve of those shots hit Navarro, nine from above and behind him. Of the six officers, five were no-billed by the grand jury while one was charged with a misdemeanor trespass. On Monday (10/19), demonstrators outside of the Harris County Courthouse chanted "No Justice, No Peace," raising concerns that civil unrest might ultimately erupt in Houston much as it did in May, 1978, after Houston officers beat and drowned Joe Campos Torres, a young Vietnam veteran whom they had arrested for public drunkenness. Houston Mayor and former US Drug Czar Lee Brown said on Monday that he will seek a federal grand jury investigation into Navarro's death. Johnny Mata, a spokesman for the League of United Latin American Citizens, told the Houston Chronicle, "We will continue pressing (the Justice Department) on the matter. This is a travesty of justice. We're asking the community to be calm, but there is a lot of outrage." Travis Morales of the Justice for Pedro Oregon Coalition told the Chronicle, "This gives the green light for cops to go into homes and kill. A trespass charge is not going to stop any police officer." In the days following the shooting, Harris County D.A. Johnny Holmes inflamed passions, telling the press that the officers were within their rights to kill Navarro as they believed he was resisting arrest. Al Robison, President of the Drug Policy Forum of Texas, told The Week Online, "This case is a very clear illustration of the insanity of our current drug policy. The Drug War mandates that the state will be kicking in the doors of its citizens. It's time to discuss alternative policies, policies which allow society to control drugs, rather than the warfare between police and communities leading to tragedies such as the death of Pedro Oregon Navarro." A march was scheduled for Thursday afternoon (10/22), to protest the grand jury's decision. City officials were hopeful that cooler heads would prevail and that violence in the streets would be averted. Check out the Drug Policy Forum of Texas at http://www.mapinc.org/DPFT/. *** 4. Magazine Publishers of America Urges "Editorial Support" for PDFA Ad Campaign At the annual meeting of the Magazine Publishers of America this week (10/19), Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey addressed the publishers of 1,200 of the nation's most popular titles. In his speech, McCaffrey "challenged" the group to take part in the Partnership for a Drug Free America's $775 million print ad campaign, both by running paid advertising and by providing "appropriate editorial support". The ads, bought at market rates by the Partnership using government (taxpayer) funds, will run over a concentrated period of time during 1999. After McCaffrey spoke, the board of directors of the MPA issued a press release announcing that they had "accepted the challenge," and that they "urge our member companies to participate by running (ads) and providing editorial support..." A spokesperson for the MPA told The Week Online, "On the editorial side, certainly there's no money involved. ONDCP initially approached the MPA, in fact it was Reader's Digest, Greg Coleman, their chairman, was approached by McCaffrey and they met and said 'this is probably something we can do.' So Greg went back to the members and met with them and it became a program." "This is worded very broadly. Obviously the MPA can't tell the editors what to do. This statement comes from the MPA board of directors. The board of directors is made up of the presidents and chairmen of the companies, and also a few editors. This is just a statement by them, and it's very general." But Michael Hoyt, Senior Editor for the Columbia Journalism Review, had a different take. Hoyt told The Week Online, "I don't think that the MPA should be urging members to provide editorial support for anything at all. It's simply not their role. And it doesn't matter how worthy they think the cause is. That's particularly true where there can be a perceived conflict of interest, such as urging that support in return for advertising dollars. "The Chrysler Corporation took some heat fairly recently for using its considerable advertising muscle on editors by telling them what stories to run or not to run. As a matter of fact, the Review ran a cover story on that. This is a different twist, however, in that it's the government, using taxpayers' money, and asking for support of a particular position." Tom Haines, Chair of the Partnership for Responsible Drug Information (http://www.prdi.org), told The Week Online, "This is a critical issue in that we are seeing the unification of the business end of the media community and the government for an advocacy campaign where only one point of view is coming across. If this were happening in any other country it would be denounced as a propaganda campaign." *** 5. Washington DC Appropriations Bill Forbids District from Funding its own Syringe Exchange Program A provision in the appropriations bill which funds the DC government makes it illegal for city funds to go to any group that operates a syringe exchange program, even if the funds are unrelated to the exchange. The language, attached by Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-KS), impacts the Whitman Walker Clinic, which until this week operated a mobile exchange program out of a van. Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC) was less than pleased about the provision. "This congress has said 'drop dead' to thousands of Americans, most of them people of color. I view it as a callous death sentence with profound racial overtones." In response to the provision, Whitman Walker has formed a new corporate entity called Prevention Works!, unrelated to the clinic, which will run the program with private funds, although district monies had accounted for $210,000 of its $260,000 annual budget. Whitman Walker's attorneys believe that this arrangement will protect the clinic's other city grants which it uses to provide a multitude of health services. The first private money for Prevention Works! came through this week, as the Washington, DC-based Drug Policy Foundation pledged $25,000 to help to keep the program running. "It's our hope that this $25,000 gift will inspire at least eight more $25,000 gifts this year. We must keep Prevention Works! alive and vibrant," DPF Executive Director Sher Horosko said. "We challenge our foundation colleagues and any individual to step forward and match our gift. No amount of fear or prejudice will stop this program and other programs like it from preserving human life." "This deplorable, regressive act is a slap in the face to the residents of the District of Columbia," Horosko said. "This is passive genocide. Social conservatives in Congress are telling African-Americans in particular to drop dead. Six federally funded studies conducted under Republican and Democratic administrations have shown that syringe exchange works. Each study has each shown that syringe exchange prevents the spread of HIV and that syringe exchange neither encourages nor increases the rate of drug use." "Why Congress would single out one community to lead to the edge of its grave is beyond us." DPF can be found on the web at http://www.dpf.org. *** 6. Scottish Citizens' Commission, Including Catholic Priest, Calls for Legalization, Reform Father Bob Gardner, a Roman Catholic Priest and a member of Scotland's Citizens' Commission on Drugs, raised eyebrows this week calling for the legalization of drugs such as cannabis and ecstasy, or MDMA. The Commission's findings were similarly reformist, recommending the legalization of cannabis, the medical study of MDMA, and the establishment of a national heroin prescription trial. In comments aired on a Channel 4 (UK) documentary this week, Father Gardner says that the British government has cast a generation of young people as "modern-day lepers" for their use of ecstasy. The Commission, comprised of eight people, including a lawyer, a teacher, a priest and a magistrate, was set up in response to the government's refusal to empanel a Royal Commission on Drugs. In researching their report, the group visited eight European cities, spoke to 30 organizations, 50 drug users and five politicians from Britain and other European nations. In the documentary, Ken Temple, the panel's chairman, complained that although the UK Home Secretary Jack Straw, who has publicly pronounced that he would speak with "anyone, anywhere at any time" about the issue of drugs, nevertheless refused to speak with the group. Neither could the group persuade any other government minister to meet with them about the government's position and policies. *** 7. EDITORIAL: Death, But No Justice in Houston In Houston this week, a grand jury refused to indict six police officers who shot and killed Pedro Oregon Navarro, known to his friends as Jimmy Oregon, in the bathroom of his home after kicking in the door and entering without a warrant, searching for drugs. No drugs were found anywhere in the house, nor were drugs or alcohol found in Oregon's blood. Ballistics tests also confirmed that the officers were wrong in their belief that Oregon had fired upon them, and that the first shot was fired from the gun of one of the officers, as were the next twenty-nine. Oregon's gun, allegedly found near his body, had never been fired. He was 22 years old and the father of two small children. The officers, part of an anti-gang task force, entered the home without a warrant, on a tip from a suspect in another case who was not registered with the city as an informant, without any corroborating evidence. Of the twelve shots that hit Oregon, most were fired from above and behind the victim. He was pronounced dead at the scene. Entering a home by force is perhaps the most dangerous and intrusive part of the job of a police officer. One must embark upon such a task with the implicit understanding that anything at all, including an armed and dangerous individual, might be waiting inside. It is for this reason that it is in the interest of both the police and the community at large that such intrusions happen as infrequently as possible, and for much of our nation's history, such entries were, in fact, the exception rather than the rule. Enter the Drug War. Over the past three decades, the escalation of the drug war has made forced entry a regular part of police work. By its very nature, the black market and the use of drugs remain hidden, often behind the closed doors of private dwellings. There is rarely a complaining witness, and the word of an informant is often the only outward evidence of what are essentially consensual acts. In an effort to enforce an unenforceable prohibition, restrictions on "no-knock" entries have been loosened, and doors, often the wrong doors, are kicked in greater numbers year after year across America. Jimmy Oregon had done nothing wrong. He was simply at home, his own home, when six armed men burst in and shot him to death. There were no indictments for murder, there will be no significant criminal charges, it was simply a case of the police doing their job and escalating the war in the midst of an insane and destructive Prohibition. The grand jurors, perhaps aware of the difficulties and the dangers inherent in trying to enforce that prohibition, declined to indict on anything save a single misdemeanor for illegal entry by one of the six officers involved. Perhaps those grand jurors were right. Perhaps it is not the officers, but rather the drug war itself, which ought to be indicted. For we, as a nation have embraced a policy of domestic warfare. A policy that requires the state, armed with any information it can lay its hands upon, to kick in the doors of its citizens, guns drawn, prepared to kill. It is not a vision that our founders would have liked. It is not the America that they planned to build. We have become a nation at war with the shadows, shooting and killing and putting in cages anything that moves. Terrified and enraged by the prospect of what goes on behind closed doors, by the chaos we have created in our quest for order, by our inability to win the war. There is no justice in Houston this week, where a grand jury has decided, essentially, that being gunned down in one's own home by agents of the state is simply a price to be paid for living in a time of Prohibition. And even if those officers were indicted, and tried and convicted for the murder of Pedro Oregon Navarro, there would be no justice still. Because as long as we as a society are at war with ourselves, as long as we insist upon escalation rather than reason, upon terror rather than compassion, upon guns and prisons rather than regulation and control, there will always be a next time. And a time after that. But it is long past time for justice. And humanity. And peace. So for Jimmy Oregon and for thousands like him, for the health of our nation and the viability of our constitution, for our safety and our sanity and for the future we will hand to our children, it is time to stop kicking in doors. It is time to end the war. Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html. Donations to the Drug Reform Coordination Network are not tax-deductible. Deductible contributions supporting our educational work can be made by check to the DRCNet Foundation, a 501(c)(3) tax exempt organization, same address. *** DRCNet *** JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
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