------------------------------------------------------------------- Officials still have to iron out the details of how legal marijuana users will be protected (A slightly different version of yesterday's Associated Press article about the implementation of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act, in the Salem, Oregon, Statesman Journal) Date: Sat, 05 Dec 1998 01:59:55 -0800 From: Paul Freedom (email@example.com) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com) Subject: CanPat - Statesman Journal-AP-DRUG LAW LEAVES LOOSE ENDS- Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org DRUG LAW LEAVES LOOSE ENDS Officials still have to iron out the details of how legal marijuana users will be protected The Statesman Journal [Salem, Oregon] 12-4-98 AP Portland--- With a drag on her glowing pipe, Gail Willock gave a satisfied stare through her hazy basement. In the 30 years she's smoked pot for arthritis and glaucoma, it was probably her first legal toke. Willock is among the seriously ill Oregonians who breathed a sigh of relief Thursday as a new medical marijuana law kicked in that allows them to puff with impunity. "I don't feel nearly as criminal as I used to," Willock said. "I don't expect to have any problems with the local police, but I don't know about the feds." The 48-year-old woman said marijuana cuts her pain in half and eliminates the spasmatic nightmares triggered by her years in Vietnam as a Red Cross volunteer. Willock welcomed the law passed by voters last month, but bureaucrats are hustling to iron out such details as permits and policing policies by May 1, when medical marijuana users will receive special registration cards. Until then they are protected under an affirmative defense provision written into the law. While police still are able to arrest marijuana users, suspects can dodge a conviction by having a doctor confirm that the drug could ease their debilitating illness. Sufferers of AIDS, cancer and glaucoma qualify as long as they don't sell the drug or use it in a public place. But the law also exempts from prosecution people who suffer severe pain nausea, seizures and muscle spasms. That's what has police worried. "The reality of this is anyone charged with a marijuana offense can raise the affirmative defense," said Molalla police Chief Bob Elkins, who sits on a task force charged with drawing up a police response to the new law. "It's open to the potential for abuse." Even Oregon's attorney general in not sure whom to arrest and how to proceed. Clouding the issue is the fact that federal law still prohibits marijuana use. "There's going to be as many different ways of handling this as there police departments and district attorneys," Elkins said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Audit - Review $1 billion expansion of prison system (The Oregonian says auditors for the state of Oregon are urging a thorough review of the state's $1 billion prison expansion plan because of concerns that it could bring a surplus of prison beds at construction costs that are nearly 70 percent higher than in other states.) The Oregonian letters to editor: email@example.com 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Audit: Review $1 billion expansion of prison system * A state report says Oregon might be adding more prison beds than it will need while paying almost 70 percent more than other states Friday, December 4 1998 By Nena Baker of The Oregonian staff State auditors are urging a thorough review of Oregon's $1 billion prison expansion plan because of concerns that it could bring a surplus of prison beds at construction costs that are nearly 70 percent higher than other states. A new Audits Division report released Thursday said the state could save $64 million by cutting back on unneeded beds and by adjusting the mix of beds to better reflect the security risk of the inmate population. State Corrections Department officials disputed many of the audit's findings, saying they already had compensated for a projected decline in the inmate population. Still, the report is expected to reshape the debate about prison spending when the 1999 Legislature convenes early next year. The auditors concluded that: * Oregon is adding too many prison beds. Current plans will result in a surplus of 426 beds in October 2002, rising to 1,935 in November 2004. Cutting 400 beds could save $30 million. * The security mix is out of balance. The report predicts an excess of 2,438 medium- and maximum-security beds, but a shortage of 1,060 minimum-security beds when the Two Rivers prison is completed in 1999. Adjusting the mix could save $34 million. * Construction costs are higher than elsewhere. Oregon's average cost of $77,649 a bed compares with about $45,977 a bed for 14 states that were surveyed for the audit. The figures were adjusted to reflect regional differences in labor, materials and equipment costs. The auditors, who work in a division under Secretary of State Phil Keisling's office, called on legislators and Gov. John Kitzhaber to re-evaluate the Corrections Department's massive building plan, which calls for adding 11,134 prison beds during the next 10 years. Construction for 7,154 of those beds has not yet begun, but Kitzhaber has approved a new women's prison and inmate intake center near Wilsonville and new minimum- and medium-security prison sites in Lakeview, Junction City, Madras and White City. "Any facilities found unjustified should not be constructed," the audit states. The expansion program was a response to Measure 11, a ballot initiative voters passed in 1994 that set tough mandatory sentences for many violent crimes. Original predictions that the measure would bring an explosion in the inmate population didn't hold up, however. Auditors said the 10-year prison population estimate has dropped from a high of 19,592 inmates expected in 2008 to only 14,158 inmates. As of July 1, there were 8,435 inmates in the state system. Sen. Kevin Mannix, R-Salem, the author of Measure 11, said Thursday that a surplus of prison beds isn't necessarily a bad thing. "I'm not going to join in a chorus of criticism of the Department of Corrections for trying to get ahead of the curve," he said. And corrections officials said the audit lacked context, exaggerated the surplus in beds and made unfair cost comparisons. "We build prisons here out of concrete and steel that are meant to last 100 years," said Benjamin deHaan, the deputy director of corrections. "You cannot compare those with prisons built under construction methods that would not meet Oregon building codes and which the department believes aren't safe." DeHaan acknowledged that there are discrepancies between current inmate population forecasts and the kinds of prison beds now under construction. "But what wasn't taken into account is the fact that when construction of medium-security beds took place, it was in accordance with the forecasted needs at that moment," he said. "If you're already in the middle of building a certain type of prison, you don't just stop building it." Two new prisons that are part of the department's long-range plan already are under construction. Snake River, a 2,348-bed medium-security prison expansion in Ontario, is scheduled to be complete this year, at an estimated cost of $179 million. It is the largest state-financed construction project in Oregon history, auditors said. Two Rivers, a 1,536-bed medium-security prison in Umatilla, is scheduled to be complete in November 1999, at an estimated cost of $149 million. But construction costs are dwarfed by the cost of operating a prison for any length of time. According to the federal Bureau of Prisons, the cost to operate a prison during its useful life is 15 to 20 times its construction expense. DeHaan said the department will not automatically staff new prison capacity if the inmates aren't there. "It's like a school building," he said. "You build based on what you think you need, but you don't hire the staff until you need it." Rep. Jim Welsh, R-Elmira, co-chairman of a legislative committee that received the audit, said he expects the Legislature to move quickly in addressing the questions the report raises. "We've got to be accountable to the taxpayers," he said. "They want facilities, but they want us to do it reasonably, too." The audit questioned the department's decision to use more than $20 million in potential savings and contingency funds for additions to the Snake River and Two Rivers prisons. The Snake River project could have been completed for $138 million, which was $6 million less than the project's projected maximum price, the report noted. "They had the option of stopping right there, but they didn't," said Drummond Kahan, the administrator who managed the audit. Instead, the department decided to spend $200,000 on a firing range, $35,000 for acoustic sound panels and $43,774 for rubberized flooring in the gymnasium weight rooms. The auditors said the Legislature should require the department to justify spending outside the planned scope of work. And they urged the Corrections Department to review its construction projects to show they are being completed for the lowest possible cost, as Oregon law requires. DeHaan said the department is "open to input from the Audit Division and the Legislature about cutting costs." "As we go through the next legislative session, it's very clear that policies that drive costs need full discussion," he said. James Mayer of The Oregonian staff contributed to this report. Nena Baker covers politics for the Public Life Team. She can be reached at 503-221-8378 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Write to her at The Oregonian, 1320 S.W. Broadway, Portland, Ore. 97201.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Dire Consequences Of DARE (Boulder Weekly columnist Wayne Laugesen says Police Chief Mark Beckner and Boulder County Sheriff George Epp should be applauded for recently dumping DARE. Laugesen called psychologist William Hansen, whose research formed the basis for DARE. Hansen said the LAPD took an anti-drug model he had developed while it was in its infant stages and ran with it. "DARE was misguided as soon as they adopted our material, because we were off base," Hansen said. "It's outdated material that does not work." Dare to have no drug intervention program at all. The results will be astounding. Fewer children will use drugs, more classroom time will be spent on legitimate education, and police will be able to focus on crime.) Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 14:21:36 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CO: Column: The Dire Consequences Of DARE Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Colo. Hemp Init. Project) Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Boulder Weekly (CO) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.boulderweekly.com/ Author: Wayne Laugesen (Wayne@Laugesen.com) THE DIRE CONSEQUENCES OF DARE Epp and Beckner are right (and we don't say that often) Police Chief Mark Beckner and Boulder County Sheriff George Epp recently dumped the local chapters of DARE, a national mistake known as Drug Abuse Resistance Education. They should be applauded for their bold actions, which hopefully will put Boulder at the leading edge of an overnight national trend. Publicly, Beckner says he has nothing against DARE, which every year dispatches police officers to preach against the evils of drug use to 35 million fifth graders nationally. The police chief allows that the program wasn't meeting the community's needs. Epp criticizes DARE for lacking flexibility. They're being polite. The truth: DARE led to an increase in drug abuse among teenagers. I suspected that in 1996 when the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued a report showing a rise in teen drug use of 78 percent between 1992 and 1995 on the heels of DARE's most prolific years of growth. Some high profile potheads at Boulder's Sacred Herb Church-where toking joints once served as communion-also felt strongly that DARE was leading children to drugs. And who would know better, I thought. Shortly after the HHS report broke, I conducted some research, which involved contacting the people who know DARE best-its founders. I called psychologist William Hansen, whose research formed the basis for DARE. Hansen was a professor of psychology at the University of Southern California when DARE was started in 1983 by then-Los Angeles Police Chief Darryl Gates, whose son was addicted to drugs. Hansen said the LAPD took an anti-drug model he had developed while it was in its infant stages and ran with it. More than a decade later, Hansen observed, DARE was still using the exact same model, even though he himself had scrapped it as one of many unsuccessful attempts to develop a workable anti-drug program for schools. "DARE was misguided as soon as they adopted our material, because we were off base," Hansen told me. "It's outdated material that does not work." I called Bill Colson, the world-renowned psychologist who co-authored 17 books with the late Carl Rogers, former president of the American Psychological Association. In the '60s and '70s, Colson and Rogers, along with renowned psychologist Abraham Maslow, developed and popularized psychological practices known as "experimental education," "humanistic psychology," and "self-actualization." Their theories formed the foundation for Hansen's research. Like Hansen, Colson, Rogers and Maslow all eventually said "oops," regarding the theories DARE was founded upon. "DARE is rooted in trash psychology," Colson told me two years ago. "We developed the theories that DARE was founded on, and we were wrong. Even Abe Maslow wrote about these theories being wrong before he died." Which is true, said Boulder psychotherapist Ellen Maslow, Abraham Maslow's daughter. She called DARE "nonsense" in 1996, saying the program represented widespread misinterpretation of humanistic psychology. Ellen Maslow said her father's vision of humanistic psychology was misunderstood by public educators, who bent and twisted it and ended up making childhood "self-esteem" a central focus of public education. Self-esteem is a central focus in DARE, and Ellen Maslow says it has led to narcissism and self-indulgence. Other critics of self-esteem are easy to find these days. "Saddam Hussein and Stalin had great self-esteem," Norm Resnick, a psychologist and national radio talk show host told me. "Children need authoritative guidance. Self-esteem alone doesn't translate into making good decisions." Still not convinced DARE was all bad, I contacted psychologist Richard H. Blum at Stanford University School of Medicine. At the time, Blum was heading the single largest ongoing study of drug education in the United States, published as "Drug Education: Results and Recommendations. "Basically, we have found again and again that drug education in schools causes kids to take on drugs and alcohol sooner than they would without the education," Blum told me. Colson summed it up best. "As they get a little older, they become very curious about these drugs they've learned about from police officers. The kids start thinking, 'I don't want to say no.' Then they say, 'Didn't that police officer tell me it's my perfect right to choose?' And thus, they choose to experiment." By now police departments must know this. But DARE is first and foremost about money. According to Hansen, taxpayers spend about $125 per DARE pupil. "What this does is channel a lot of money to police departments, and that's why they like it," Hansen says. Responding to Boulder's abandonment of the program, DARE spokesman Ralph Lockridge had the gall to suggest we need more of it. The program should be broadened to include high school students, not just fifth graders, he claims. "It's sort of like teaching someone 17 piano lessons in the fifth grade and expecting them to remember anything without any reinforcement when you test them in high school," Lockridge told the Sunday Camera. This man obviously suffers from excessive self-esteem disorder. In truth, DARE's expectation is far sillier than Lockridge's piano analogy suggests. He'd be accurate to say: "It's like teaching students 17 piano lessons in the fifth grade and then expecting them to never touch a keyboard." Despite their public politeness, I suspect Sheriff Epp and Chief Beckner have figured all this out and no longer wish to sponsor a program that spawns young drug addicts. Unfortunately, both men have suggested some other program might replace DARE. They should think about the lack of success world-renowned psychologists have had in finding a way to introduce the subject of drugs without it backfiring. In school, students are supposed to learn. Teach them math, they'll use math. Teach them reading, they will read. Teach them about drugs, they will toke up. We ought to celebrate the local dumping of DARE. Then take the opportunity to urge the school district and local law enforcement to reject drug education in schools. Let individual guardians of children figure out the complex issue of adolescent drug abuse on an individual basis. Here's a proposition for the Boulder Police Department, Sheriff Epp and the Boulder Valley School District: Dare to have no drug intervention program at all. Let's call it DIRE-Drug Intervention Resistance Endeavor. The goal will be zero tolerance for drug education in public schools. The results will be astounding. Fewer children will use drugs, more classroom time will be spent on legitimate education, and police will be able to focus on crime.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Crusade Has Produced Everything But Success (An op-ed in the Fort Worth, Texas, Star-Telegram comes out against the war on some drug users. Among other things, the war has led to a 20 percent increase in substance addiction.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 23:22:39 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: OPED: Drug Crusade Has Produced Everything But Success Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas Author: Don Erler DRUG CRUSADE HAS PRODUCED EVERYTHING BUT SUCCESS If bloody turf wars, official corruption and unconstitutional searches and seizures are blessings, we can thank the war on drugs for our good fortune. This latest incarnation of Prohibition has led to a 20 percent increase in substance addiction and a maximum 5 percent reduction of supply. The crusade has produced other marvels: * A million arrests per year for drug offenses. * A prison population that exploded from 200,000 in 1966 to 2 million in 1996. * The incarceration or supervision of one in four African-American men. Although most drug users are white, blacks are 500 percent more likely to be arrested. * Drug forfeitures (with little, certainly not "due," process of law) that have permitted some small-town police departments to increase their budgets fivefold. Molly Ivins provided this last piece of information in her Aug. 20 column. The rest -- and most of what follows -- is found in Mike Gray's recent book, `Drug Crazy.' The war is unwinnable. In Los Angeles this month, some 130,000 steel containers will be unloaded from cargo ships. Our customs agents will inspect 400. The entire annual consumption of cocaine for this country can fit in 13 containers, heroin in one. Prohibition drives prices to levels so dizzyingly high that bribery -- especially in poor Latin American countries -- is nearly impossible to deter. Coca leaves that cost $150 generate $15,000 in cocaine on Fort Worth streets. And heroin is three times more profitable. The Swiss properly voted Sunday against legalization of hard drugs. But the movement toward more sensible marijuana policies is gaining momentum. Two decades ago, a dozen states decided to reduce punishment for marijuana possession, with no substantial increase in use. Last month, five states joined California by passing measures permitting medical use of marijuana. This "soft" drug is the key to more effective policies. As Gray notes, "Take the reefer out of the equation and the number of illegal drug users instantly drops from 13 million to 3 million." Some 70 million Americans have tried the drug, 98 percent of whom graduated to nothing more intoxicating than gin. Gray points to several examples of approaches more successful than ours. Dutch "hash houses" have been tightly controlled. The government allows no hard drugs, advertising or sales to children. Hard drugs are illegal but generally tolerated by police, who ignore small amounts of heroin or cocaine for personal use. But they are tough on drug dealers. The Chapel Street Clinic near Liverpool, England -- finally, after pressure from the United States, shut down in 1995 -- featured a heroin maintenance program. Dr. John Marks took over the facility in 1982 and discovered no AIDS virus in his needle-users; no drug-related deaths; most patients with jobs and good health; and substantial reduction in crime among addicts. The Swiss conducted the first large-scale experiment in prescribing drugs to serious addicts. Eight hundred volunteers were tracked for three years. In the final report issued in July 1997, Gray says, "Crime among the addict population dropped by 60 percent, half the unemployed found jobs, a third of those on welfare became self-supporting, nobody was homeless . . . . By the end of the experiment, 83 patients had decided on their own to give up heroin in favor of abstinence." Ethan Nadelmann heads the Lindesmith Center, a think tank devoted to this issue. His simple credo is harm reduction. Make marijuana available to adults under tight controls. Then institute drug maintenance for the incorrigible. At all costs, do not allow -- as our current policy of prohibition encourages -- gangsters to control the market. If we control drugs and treat addiction as a medical problem, most of the evils attending prohibition can be diminished. Don Erler of Hurst is president of General Building Maintenance in Fort Worth. You can write him at 3201 Airport Freeway, Suite 108, Bedford, TX 76021.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE Officer's Wife Arrested For Drugs Possession (The Chicago Sun-Times says the Chicago's cop's wife was charged with possession of crack cocaine and marijuana.) Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 10:16:40 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IL: D.A.R.E. Officers Wife Arrested For Drugs Possession Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Judy Hall (Scully_46394@Yahoo.com) Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Chicago Sun-times (Il) Contact: Letters@Suntimes.com Website: Http://Www.suntimes.com/Index/ Copyright: 1998 The Sun-times Co. Author: Michael Sneed, Chicago Sun Times D.A.R.E. OFFICERS WIFE ARRESTED FOR DRUGS POSSESSION Police Blotter..... It's A Shocker. Sneed Hears The Wife Of A Chicago DARE Police Officer, Who Teaches Kids How To Stay Off Drugs, Was Arrested On Nov. 21 In An Apartment At Cabrini-green And Charged With Possession Of Crack Cocaine And Marijuana And The Unlawful Storage Of A Of A Loaded Rifle. Even Though The Cop's Wife Lives Elsewhere With Her Husband, The Apartment Lease At Cabrini-green Is Listed In Her Name.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Prisons Have Bigger Problems Than Escapees (Syndicated Fort Worth Star-Telegram columnist Molly Ivins discusses "The Prison-Industrial Complex," in the current issue of The Atlantic Monthly, an article revealing the out-of-control and increasingly corrupt American political, judicial and correctional system.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 16:27:23 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: Column: Our Prisons Have Bigger Problems Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas Columnist: Molly Ivins is a columnist for the 'Star-Telegram.' Email: email@example.com OUR PRISONS HAVE BIGGER PROBLEMS THAN ESCAPEES AUSTIN -- So six prisoners break out of Huntsville, one gets away and the Texas Department of Corrections responds by suspending a work program for prisoners. Not that the work program had anything to do with the escape -- the prisoners were in the recreation yard at the time. But why should we expect TDC to make any sense? Nothing else about the American prison system does. In the current issue of `The Atlantic Monthly' is "The Prison-Industrial Complex," a major investigation of just how out of control and increasingly corrupt the system is. But in order to understand the mistakes we're making in responding to the cry for more prisons, you first have to understand why we think we need them. Eric Schlosser reports: "The prison boom in the United States is a recent phenomenon. Throughout the first three-quarters of this century the nation's incarceration rate remained relatively stable, at about 110 prison inmates for every 100,000 people. In the mid-1970's the rate began to climb, doubling in the 1980's and then again in the 1990's. The rate is now 445 per 100,000: among adult men it is 1,100 per 100,000. During the past two decades roughly a thousand new prisons and jails have been built in the United States. Nevertheless, America's prisons are more overcrowded now than when the building spree began, and the inmate population continues to increase by 50,000 to 80,000 a year." Among Schlosser's other findings: * The proportion of offenders being sent to prison each year for violent crimes has actually fallen during the prison boom. In 1980, about half the people entering state prison were violent offenders; in 1995, less than a third had been convicted of violent crime. * The enormous increase in America's inmate populations is the direct consequence of the sentences given to nonviolent offenders -- mostly drug offenders. Crimes that in other countries would lead to community service, fines or drug treatment (or would not be crimes at all) are punished here with increasingly long prison terms, the most expensive of all possible options. * Since 1991, the rate of violent crime in the United States has fallen by about 20 percent, while the number of people in prison or jail has risen by 50 percent. This leads to a perfectly circular argument by those in the prison-industrial complex: If crime is going up, we need to build more prisons; if crime is going down, it's because we built more prisons -- and building even more of them will drive the crime rate even lower. (For those of you who missed Sociology I, the crime rate has dropped because the crime-committing cohort -- those aged 15 to 24 -- is smaller; unfortunately, it's about to go up again, and so will the crime rate.) * About 70 percent of prison inmates are illiterate. About 200,000 of the 2 million incarcerated are seriously mentally ill. Sixty to 80 percent of prisoners have a long history of substance abuse. The number of drug treatment slots available in U.S. prisons has declined by more than one half since 1993. Drug treatment is now available to just one in 10 inmates who needs it. * Among those arrested for violent crimes, the proportion of African- Americans has changed little during the past 20 years; among those arrested for drug crimes, the proportion who are African-American has tripled. * The number of women sentenced to prison has increased 12 times since 1970; of the 80,000 women now in prison, about 70 percent are nonviolent offenders. About 75 percent have children. Schlosser's crucial findings are that the prison-industrial complex is a set of bureaucratic, political and economic interests that encourage increased spending on prisons, regardless of actual need. "It is not a conspiracy, it is a confluence of special interests . . . politicians, both liberal and conservative, who have used fear of crime to gain votes; impoverished rural areas where prisons have become a cornerstone of economic development; private companies that regard the roughly $35 billion spent each year on corrections not as a burden on American taxpayers but as a lucrative market; and government officials whose fiefdoms have expanded along with the inmate population. . . . The prison-industrial complex includes some of the nation's largest architectural and construction firms, Wall Street investment banks and companies that sell everything from security cameras to padded cells available in a `vast color selection.' " Perhaps the most alarming conclusion is that the prison-industrial complex is not just a set of interest groups and institutions. "It is also a state of mind. The lure of big money is corrupting the nation's criminal-justice system, replacing notions of public service with a drive for higher profits. The eagerness of elected officials to pass `tough-on-crime' legislation -- combined with their unwillingness to disclose the true costs of these laws -- has encouraged all kinds of financial improprieties." And naturally, Texas is cited as a prime example.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DuPage Prosecutors File Lawsuit To Stop So-Called 'Head Shops' (The Daily Herald, in Illinois, says DuPage County prosecutors filed suit Thursday, claiming two alleged "head shops," as prosecutors called them, in Downers Grove and Westmont are selling drug paraphernalia.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 23:22:28 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IL: DuPage Prosecutors File Lawsuit To Stop So-Called 'Head Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: 4 Dec. 1998 Source: Daily Herald (IL) Section: Sec. 1 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dailyherald.com Copyright: 1998 The Daily Herald Company Author: Robert McCoppin DUPAGE PROSECUTORS FILE LAWSUIT TO STOP SO-CALLED 'HEAD SHOPS' DuPage County prosecutors filed suit Thursday, claiming two alleged "head shops" are selling drug paraphernalia. The owners of the shops, in Downers Grove and Westmont, objected that authorities are trying to infringe on their rights and their customers' freedom. On Nov. 12, police raided Sight & Sound at 663 N. Cass Ave. in Westmont, and All American Sports Cards & Comics, also known as Alternative Universe, at 4941 Main St., Downers Grove. The suits seek a permanent injunction to stop the "head shops," as prosecutors called them, from selling items often associated with marijuana smoking such as water pipes, air masks, bongs, dugouts and one-hitters. State's Attorney Joseph Birkett said his office acted on complaints from the community. "We don't sell drug paraphernalia," Sight & Sound owner Joseph Salamie said. "We sell totally legal products, all for tobacco use and for (legal) herbs." Prosecutors said the All American Card Shop is violating a court order from last year banning drug-smoking devices. Elizabeth Wiechern, the card shop owner, said her products are used by people smoking legal herbal blends, which need water pipes to cool their harshness. She said she does not use or advocate marijuana, and denied prosecutors' accusations that she is promoting drug use to teenagers, noting that pipes and rolling paper are available everywhere. "If somebody wants to smoke pot," she said, "they can smoke it out of anything in the world."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Supreme Court Hears Arguments In Case About Drinking Pregnant Woman (The Associated Press covers oral arguments before the Wisconsin Supreme Court Thursday in the challenge to a new law passed by the legislature allowing a woman to be imprisoned if police determine that her alcohol or "drug" habit endangers her fetus.) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 07:55:12 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Supreme Court Hears Arguments In Case About Drinking Pregnant Woman Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Kendra Wright Pubdate: 4 Dec 1998 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 Associated Press. Author: Andrew Blasko, Associated Press Writer SUPREME COURT HEARS ARGUMENTS IN CASE ABOUT DRINKING PREGNANT WOMAN MADISON, Wis. - Allowing authorities to prosecute a woman who drank while she was pregnant could lead to tougher laws controlling what people do with their bodies, a lawyer told the Wisconsin Supreme Court. There are no laws against pregnant women smoking, which might be more harmful to fetuses than alcohol, said Priscilla Smith, a lawyer for the woman. "We can harm ourselves. It is one of the freedoms, albeit good or bad, that we have," Smith told the court Thursday. A prosecutor argued the woman should be tried as a criminal because she tried to end her pregnancy by drinking the fetus to death. The woman, Deborah Zimmerman, was at a tavern the day she gave birth to her daughter March 16, 1996, Racine County prosecutor Joan Korb said. Zimmerman remarked later in a hospital she drank to "kill this thing," Korb said. "There was a substantial probability that this child would have died as a result of the alcohol," Korb said. Zimmerman, 37, of Franksville was charged with attempted first-degree intentional homicide and first-degree reckless injury after her daughter was born with a 0.199 percent blood-alcohol level. The mother's blood-alcohol level exceeded 0.30 percent at the time. A level of 0.10 percent is considered evidence of intoxication under Wisconsin law. The case is the second before the court that involves drug or alcohol abuse during pregnancy. The court ruled last year that a Waukesha County woman could not be taken into custody to protect her fetus after her doctor reported she was using cocaine. That case prompted the Legislature to pass a law allowing a woman to be detained if authorities determine that her alcohol or drug habit endangers her fetus. The court's ruling in the case presented Thursday could determine what a pregnant woman in Wisconsin can legally do with her body, whether she smokes, drinks or even drives, said Peter Koneazny, legal director of the state chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. "Women should pay close attention because the implications of having the state take control of all dangerous behavior for pregnant women has no logical limits," Koneazny said. Zimmerman wanted the charges dropped. She challenged a Circuit Court's refusal in Racine to dismiss them. An appeals court passed the case on to the Supreme Court. She sought to end the pregnancy because she had worries over the baby's race and the pain of childbirth, prosecutors said. At the hospital, Zimmerman told a nurse that if she wasn't kept there, "I'm just going to go home and keep drinking and drink myself to death and I'm going to kill this thing because I don't want it anyways," court records said. The girl, now 2 and in foster care, had a low birthweight and mild physical abnormalities that doctors attribute to her mother's drinking, prosecutors said. Zimmerman remains in Taycheedah women's prison in Fond du Lac for bail jumping.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Angela Davis' new crusade (Boston Globe columnist Derrick Z. Jackson says the tenured professor who was once placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List on false charges and jailed for 16 months before being acquitted, is calling for the abolition of prisons. For every black male eliminated from California universities in the 1990s, the state added 57 to its prisons. Prison has become less an institution for hardened criminals and more of an instrument of social control for low-income people.)From: email@example.com Date: Tue, 29 Dec 1998 08:44:46 -0600 (CST) Subject: Angela Y. Davis - Justice Pioneer To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org This was posted on the C-JUST list. It is a Boston Globe article that ran earlier this month. I was wondering when someone was going to make the prison/slavery connection. The article contains come good stats relating to prison growth and education shrinking. ---- Begin Included Message ---- Date: Mon, 28 Dec 1998 12:54:36 -0500 Reply-To: "CJUST-L: Criminal Justice Discussion List" (CJUST-L@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU) Sender: "CJUST-L: Criminal Justice Discussion List" (CJUST-L@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU) From: "John V. Wilmerding" (jvw@TOGETHER.NET) Subject: Angela Y. Davis - Justice Pioneer To: CJUST-L@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU Angela Davis' new crusade By Derrick Z. Jackson, Globe Columnist, 12/04/98 PALO ALTO, Calif. -- In the 1960s when she thrust her fist skyward against oppression with the firmness of steel and issued critiques of America as volcanic as her Afro, Angela Davis had a tremendous optimism that prisons would become rusted hulks in an America that educated its children. "When there were only 200,000 people in prison in the country, California had the best public educational system in the country from kindergarden all the way up through postgraduate," Davis said in a recent interview with the Trotter Group, a national group of African-American columnists. "And in a lot of ways, you could say people who wanted to get an education could. In 1968, we had the strike at San Francisco State, University of California-Berkeley. You had the beginning of open admissions. We had an amazing amount of hope for the educational system." Her hope has been shattered. The national prison population has zoomed from 200,000 toward 2 million. African-American and Latino men now find admission to jail far easier than college. A Rockefeller-funded study released this fall by the Justice Policy Institute found that there are now five times more African-American men in California prisons than in state universities - 44,617 to 8,767. There are 53,881 Latino prisoners compared with 30,454 in four-year state colleges. The gulf is now so wide that Davis is on a new crusade. She is calling for the abolition of prisons. "Oftentimes people think I'm really a provocateur when I talk about prison abolition," Davis said. "But there were those who felt the same way about the abolition of slavery. There were those who assumed that slavery was here to stay, that it was eternal. If you don't have those who are willing to try to imagine a world where the prison doesn't loom so large as it does today, then we'll never get there. "Most of us can't imagine that. Most of us can't imagine living in a society without prisons." Davis's ability to imagine such a thing during this punishment-mad, prison-happy era comes from her own perseverance. She was once labeled so radical in California that Ronald Reagan, then governor, vowed that Davis would never again teach in a state university after UCLA dropped her from the philosophy department in 1969. A member of the Communist Party, she was put on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List on false charges and jailed for 16 months before being acquitted. She now is a tenured professor at University of California-Santa Cruz. She has published six books. When she helped organize a national conference on prisons in the Bay Area in September, she thought that perhaps 500 people would attend. More than 3,000 came. The attendance, Davis said, was a sign that people are recognizing that prison has become less an institution for truly hardened criminals and more of an instrument of social control of low-income people whom society has decided not to educate. In the last 10 years, spending on corrections in California has grown 60 percent, while spending on kindergarten through 12th grade went up only 26 percent and higher education declined 3 percent. Though it costs five times more to incarcerate someone in California than to educate them in college ($22,000 to $4,000), California has built 21 new prisons since 1980, and only one new college campus. The top pay for correctional officers - $50,820 a year - easily surpasses the average salary range of $32,000 to $37,000 for university instructors. Underfunded state colleges in turn unload their burdens on the backs of students, raising tuitions by as much as 485 percent since 1980. For African-American men, the tuitions are a modern poll tax. Between 1990 and 1997, African-American male enrollment in state public universities declined by 217 students while the number of black male prisoners increased by 12,147. Thus, for every black male eliminated from its state universities in the 1990s, California has added 57 to its prisons. Many of the new inmates are nonviolent offenders who could be more effectively rehabilitated with drug treatment and education. "We've always known that the war on drugs is really a war on the communities that so often are victimized by the drug trade." Davis said. "Which isn't to say that people don't have responsibility or shouldn't be accountable. But if we don't change things, we'll say perhaps 10 years from now that a black man in California is 10 times more likely to go to prison than to go to college or university. "It seems to me that with all this discussion about slavery, we ought to bring up the discussions about the vestiges of slavery within the prison system and the fact that it is becoming a system that is increasingly designed to hold black people - black men, black women - behind bars, sometimes for the rest of their lives." Derrick Z. Jackson is a Globe columnist. This story ran on page A31 of the Boston Globe on 12/04/98. Copyright 1998 Globe Newspaper Company. *** From the BRC-ALL list: Black Radical Congress, International Discussions *** Subscribe: Email "subscribe brc-all" to email@example.com *** To subscribe to the CERJ E-Mail distribution list, simply send an E-mail message to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include your name and your state, province, or country of residence. Thank you! *** John Wilmerding, Gen'l Secretary | E-Mail: (email@example.com) Web: http://www.cerj.org CERJ International Secretariat | ICQ Number: 18723495 Campaign for Equity-Restorative Justice 217 High Street Brattleboro, VT 05301-3018 USA Telephone & FAX  254-2826 For Justice That Restores Equity Work together to reinvent justice using methods that are fair; which conserve, restore and even create harmony, equity and good will in society *** We are the prisoners of the prisoners we have taken - J. Clegg *** IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT! CJUST-L is changing servers. For full details, visit: http://members.xoom.com/ahrjj/cjust-l.html *** Date: Tue, 29 Dec 1998 21:04:01 -0500 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Paul Wolf (email@example.com) Subject: re: Angela Davis In case anyone has never heard of Angela Davis, she was a Black Panther and a COINTELPRO target. Those are legendary credentials these days. When she was captured by the FBI on false charges of conspiracy to commit murder (after a shootout between Panthers and the LAPD when she was in another city) Richard Nixon went on national TV to congradulate J Edgar Hoover for apprehending her, calling her a terrorist. She was jailed for a year w/o bond before trial, then a jury acquited her of all charges. It was a false arrest to keep her off the street because she was such a popular leader. Now she's saying the war on drugs has always been a war on the people. What a great ally!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Government Ignores Teenage Alcohol Use (A letter to the editor of The Daily Star, in Oneonta, New York, notes the Partnership for a Drug-Free America and the White House drug czar's office focus their advertising dollars on marijuana, which never killed anyone. Meanwhile, they ignore the harm to young people attributable to ignorance about alcohol. For example, Michigan State University student Bradley McCue recently died on his 21st birthday from acute alcohol poisoning, after drinking 24 shots of liquor in less than two hours.) Date: Sun, 6 Dec 1998 18:21:38 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US NY: PUB LTE: Government Ignores Teenage Alcohol Use Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Anonymous Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: The Daily Star (Oneonta, NY) Contact: medition@theDailyStar.com Fax: 607-432-5847 Website: http://www.thedailystar.com/ GOVERNMENT IGNORES TEENAGE ALCOHOL USE Recently, Michigan State University student Bradley McCue, who was celebrating his 21st birthday, died from acute alcohol poisoning after drinking 24 shots of liquor in less than two hours. Bradley McCue may have been poisoned by alcohol, but it was ignorance that killed him. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey acknowledges that "alcohol is ,,, responsible for more damage in our society than any other drug on the street," But, the Office of National Drug Control Policy prefers to demonize adult marijuana use, while ignoring teenage boozers. Junior and senior high school students drink 35 percent of all wine coolers sold in the U.S.; they also consume 1.1 billion cans of beer. 87 percent of high school seniors have used alcohol; in comparison, 63 percent have smoked cigarettes; 32 percent have used marijuana, and only 6 percent have used cocaine. Alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death and disability among American teenagers. The Partnership for a Drug Free America is well aware that alcohol is the most widely tried drug among teenagers, but their numerous anti-drug advertisements are fixated on marijuana. In 1998 Congress gave the ONDCP and the Partnership for a Drug Free America $195 million to run a new national anti-drug media campaign -- a campaign that conspicuously avoids mentioning alcohol. In 1998 Bradley McCue died from an over dose of alcohol because he didn't know it was a dangerous drug. Ignorance kills. And so do political agendas. Walter F. Wouk Howes Cave
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jail Officials Indicted (UPI says a major drug ring operating within two Miami-Dade County jails in Florida has been busted with the indictments and arrests of 26 people, including nine corrections officers and a jail counselor. The FBI says that in addition to smuggling "drugs," inmates, officers and others were charged with illegally bringing in cigarettes, worth $175 a carton.)Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 23:22:28 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: Wire: Jail Officials Indicted Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1998 United Press International JAIL OFFICIALS INDICTED MIAMI, Fla., Dec. 4 (UPI) - A major drug ring operating within two Miami- Dade County jails has been busted with the indictments and arrests of 26 people, including nine corrections officers and a jail counselor. The FBI says that in addition to smuggling drugs, inmates, officers and others were charged with illegally bringing in cigarettes, food and even exercise equipment. Cigarettes were selling for $175 a carton because they are used as currency in the facility. Those indicted included Euardo Manzano, who the FBI says is the head of the elaborate operation. Most of the suspects were charged with smuggling cocaine and marijuana into the Turner Guilford Knight Correctional Facility for Manzano both for his personal use and for distribution to other inmates. They say corrections officials also smuggled cellular telephones into the jail, moved Manzano to cellblocks were corrections officers would overlook his activities, allowed him to use office telephones and provided him with sensitive information.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 43 people charged in drug network run from behind bars (The Associated Press version says those charged in connection with smuggling illegal drugs in Miami-Dade County jails included 13 corrections officers - and the smuggling ring was run by a jailed dealer.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: 43 FL people charged in drug network run from behind bars Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 20:20:26 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org 43 people charged in drug network run from behind bars By RACHEL LA CORTE The Associated Press 12/04/98 9:18 PM Eastern MIAMI (AP) -- Forty-three people -- including 13 corrections officers -- were charged with operating an intricate drug-dealing network led by a jailed dealer after a probe of Miami-Dade County jails turned up rampant corruption. The charges follow a secret investigation launched a year ago involving local, state and federal agencies. The probe found that officers allegedly looked the other way -- or actively took part -- as marijuana, cocaine and other contraband was smuggled into jails for inmates in exchange for cash, jewelry, car repairs, sporting equipment, and more. The probe focused on the Miami-Dade Pretrial Detention Center and the Turner-Guilford Knight Correctional Center, a 1,000-bed pretrial facility, said state attorney Kathy Fernandez Rundle. "It's very disturbing to know that law enforcement officers are involved in this," Rundle said. The U.S. attorney's office unsealed an indictment Friday charging 26 people, including Eduardo Manzano -- the alleged leader of a jailhouse cocaine and marijuana distribution organization. Manzano made payments to corrections officers at the detention center and at the correctional center to gain access to phones, drugs, food and clothing, the indictment said. The state attorney's office arrested and charged 17 more people, who will be indicted during the next few weeks, said spokesman Don Ungurait.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Probation For Former Mayor (UPI says Todd Deratany, the former mayor of Indialantic, Florida, and the son of former state legislator Tim Deratany, has been sentenced to two years of probation after pleading no contest to a charge of attempting to sell cocaine.) Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 16:21:33 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US FL: Probation For Former Mayor Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1998 United Press International PROBATION FOR FORMER MAYOR VIERA, Fla., The former mayor of Indialantic has been sentenced to two years of probation after pleading no contest to a charge of attempting to sell cocaine. 32-year-old Todd Deratany, the son of former state legislator Tim Deratany, resigned from office in April, one day after he was arrested. Authorities say Todd Deratany loaned his Jeep to a female friend, knowing she would use the vehicle to complete a drug transaction. Deratany is a private attorney, but says he will work as a cab driver now that the Florida Bar has suspended him pending the outcome of an investigation of his actions.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Nonprofit Cleared for DC Needle Exchange (The Washington Post says that six weeks after Congress ordered the District of Columbia to stop paying for a needle exchange program to reduce the spread of HIV and AIDS among drug users, the city's top lawyer yesterday cleared the way for the exchange to be taken over by Prevention Works, an independent nonprofit group that was spun off by the Whitman-Walker Clinic so as not to endanger its substantial city and federal grants.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 17:04:15 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US DC: WP: Nonprofit Cleared for D.C. Needle Exchange Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Kendra Wright http://FamilyWatch.org/ Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: Washington Post (DC) Page: A22 Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Washington Post Company Author: Avram Goldstein, Washington Post Staff Writer NONPROFIT CLEARED FOR D.C. NEEDLE EXCHANGE Six weeks after Congress ordered the District to stop paying for a needle exchange program designed to reduce the spread of HIV and AIDS among drug users, the city's top lawyer yesterday cleared the way for a private group to take over the project. Prevention Works, an independent nonprofit group that was spun off by the Whitman-Walker Clinic so as not to endanger its substantial city and federal grants, plans to resume distributing clean needles as early as today or Monday. It relies solely on private funding. Before the controversy erupted, the Whitman-Walker program was handing out 17,000 needles a month to drug users at regular locations throughout the city. In a letter, D.C. Corporation Counsel John M. Ferren advised Health Department interim director Marlene N. Kelley that she could authorize Prevention Works to go forward without running afoul of the wishes of Congress. Within hours, D.C. AIDS administration officials certified Prevention Works to go forward, and last night the group's new board of directors was meeting to organize itself and put the exchange back in operation. "We're very pleased," said Patricia Hawkins, associate executive director of Whitman-Walker. "It's been very difficult to know that people need these needles and they haven't been available." A crew of four will again cruise the city in a specially equipped van to exchange contaminated needles for clean ones and offer intravenous drug users information and assistance. They are also expected to interview clients about their drug use and sexual practices and to encourage HIV testing and drug treatment. Health specialists, who objected vehemently to the amendment offered by Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R-Kan.) in the federal budget measure, say that such programs reduce the transmission of the AIDS virus and other blood-borne diseases without increasing drug use. That is the view of nearly every District health official, but Tiahrt disputed their conclusions and said it was wrong for local taxpayers to back the effort. Because of Congress's special oversight of the District, his amendment affected only the District. More than 100 such programs in more than 30 states are unaffected and may continue to use local funds. "People at the Department of Health reviewed the issue, and out of an abundance of caution, not wanting to take any chance whatever in violating Congress's directions, initially erred on the side of not certifying the program," said Ferren spokesman Walter Smith. "Congress didn't intend for a moment to stop private groups from carrying out this program," he said. "We think Congress certainly would have wanted that any private group does it in a way that meets medical requirements, and that's all that certification is designed to achieve."
------------------------------------------------------------------- DEA Reconsiders Hemp Regulations (A letter from Thomas Constantine, head of the US Drug Enforcement Administration, to Hawaii Senator Daniel Inouye, says DEA is "determining the feasibility of establishing a production level of cannabis that is consistent with the public interest in controlling drugs of abuse and recognizes the commercial interest in the cultivation of Cannabis sativa L. for fiber." Unfortunately, Constatine sidesteps the issue of why DEA officials have been lobbying against industrial hemp agricultural research in Hawaii.) Date: Mon, 28 Dec 1998 21:11:07 -0500 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: Richard Lake (email@example.com) Subject: HT: DEA Re-Considers Hemp Regulations (FWD) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Author: U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration Office of the Administrator Washington, D.C. 20537 December 04, 1998 Honorable Daniel Inouye United States Senate Washington, D.C. 20510 Dear Senator Inouye: I am following up on my interim reply of July 29, 1998, in response to your letter of July 15, 1998, on behalf of Hawaii State Representative Cynthia Thielen. In her letter, Representative Thielen expressed concern that Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) officials are lobbying against industrial hemp agricultural research in Hawaii before Neighborhood Boards. I apologize for the confusion regarding the issue of whether ASAC Sidney Hayakawa did or did not attend the Kalihi-Palama Neighborhood meeting. The statement in my May 28, 1998 letter that ASAC Hayakawa did not attend the meeting was based on his statements to Headquarters staff. In addition, he was provided a copy of the May 28, 1998 letter prior to sending it to your office. However, after ASAC Hayakawa was advised by Sara Daly of your staff of the second letter from Representative Thielen, he then advised Headquarters that in fact he had attended the meeting. Although the reasons for these contracting versions are attributed by ASAC Hayakawa to a lack of communications, nevertheless I can assure you that our first letter was written in good faith. With respect to hemp, due to the recent commercial interest in its cultivation, DEA is reviewing the security regulations pertaining to the cultivation of Cannabis sativa L. for industrial purposes, to include hemp. DEA is determining the feasibility of establishing a production level of cannabis that is consistent with the public interest in controlling drugs of abuse and recognizes the commercial interest in the cultivation of Cannabis sativa L. for fiber. If I can be of further assistance in this, or any other matter, please do not hesitate to contact me. Sincerely, Thomas A. Constantine Administrator
------------------------------------------------------------------- Secondhand Smoke, Alcohol Recommended As Carcinogens (The Associated Press says a subcommittee of the National Toxicology Program's Board of Scientific Counselors voted unanimously on Wednesday to affirm the recommendations of two groups of government scientists that secondhand smoke should be labeled a carcinogen. The panel also concluded that alcohol can cause cancer. The subcommittee's vote seems to have been motivated by a July decision by a federal judge in North Carolina which found that the EPA's similar conclusion in 1993 was biased and unscientific.) Date: Sun, 6 Dec 1998 14:42:24 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: Secondhand Smoke, Alcohol Recommended As Carcinogens Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 Associated Press. Author: Gary D. Robertson SECONDHAND SMOKE, ALCOHOL RECOMMENDED AS CARCINOGENS RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. -- An advisory commission's decision has paved the way for secondhand smoke to be placed on the federal government's official list of cancer-causing substances, over the tobacco industry's strong objections. The subcommittee of the National Toxicology Program's Board of Scientific Counselors voted unanimously on Wednesday to affirm the recommendations of two groups of government scientists that secondhand smoke should be labeled a carcinogen. The panel also concluded that alcoholic beverage consumption can lead to cancer, and it noted that heavy drinkers and drinkers who smoke are most susceptible to cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx and larynx. The panel made its findings in preparation for the ninth edition of the Report on Carcinogens, the federal government's official list of carcinogenic agents. The findings will be forwarded to the NTP director, who will make recommendations to federal Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala. In 1993, the federal Environmental Protection Agency declared that secondhand smoke is a carcinogen. But the government report -- which had been used to justify tougher smoking restrictions across the nation -- was struck down in July by a North Carolina-based federal judge who said the statistics did not show a significant association between the smoke and cancer. The latest report will be submitted to Congress and be released to the public sometime next year. The 13-0 vote on secondhand smoke came after two hours of debate at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Several panelists cited studies indicating that people with prolonged exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have about a 20 percent higher risk of developing lung cancer than those who aren't. Spouses and co-workers of smokers have the greatest risk, the panel said. Wednesday's decision frustrated members of the tobacco industry. ``The smoker's right to smoke is being impeded upon in a smoke-free society,'' said Gio Batta Gori, who represented Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. ``Environmental tobacco smoke is an unavoidable nuisance, but there is no link between (secondhand smoke) and an increased risk of lung cancer.'' Panelists, most of whom are university researchers, seemed visibly irritated by the research cited by the tobacco industry, some of which has not been published. ``If it's not published, how can we take it into account in this kind of setting and at this speed?'' asked Steven Belinsky with the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute in New Mexico.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Citibank Role Criticized In Mexican Money Case (According to The Chicago Tribune, a report by the General Accounting Office says Citibank executives ignored some of the bank's safeguards against the laundering of illicit funds in order to do business with Raul Salinas de Gortari, a brother of the former President of Mexico.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 15:40:10 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Citibank Role Criticized In Mexican Money Case Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: 4 Dec 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Section: Sec. 1 Copyright: 1998 Chicago Tribune Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Author: New York Times News Service CITIBANK ROLE CRITICIZED IN MEXICAN MONEY CASE Eager to do business with Raul Salinas de Gortari, a brother of the former President of Mexico, Citibank executives ignored some of the bank's safeguards against the laundering of illicit funds, a congressional report says. As the bankers took in millions of dollars from Salinas, they never asked for standard information on his financial background and made virtually no effort to verify the source of the money, the report said. After Salinas was arrested for murder in 1995 and lawyers for the bank had begun monitoring his accounts, his personal banker in New York quietly advised Salinas' wife to move the money elsewhere, apparently without the consent of the legal department. And even when Citibank finally warned federal officials about Salinas' suspicious transactions and after the wife also had been arrested, the bank failed to tell the government about the network of foreign shell companies and offshore accounts that the bank had set up to shield the Salinas fortune. The disclosures, in a report by the General Accounting Office, the investigative arm of Congress, represent the most detailed accounting yet of how Salinas used a special Citibank unit reserved for the wealthiest customers to move up to $100 million out of Mexico secretly. Salinas and the bank have repeatedly denied wrongdoing. Whether any U.S. laws were broken remains unclear. Federal prosecutors in New York are continuing to investigate the possibility that Citibank, a unit of Citigroup Inc., illegally laundered the money. Officials at the Justice Department and the Federal Reserve Bank refused to discuss the case with congressional investigators. The investigation underscores why federal regulators are stepping up scrutiny of the high-end services called private banking and why they have begun to propose steps for banks to track customers' financial movements and backgrounds more closely. "We determined in the Salinas scenario that Citibank's voluntary controls did not work," the investigators wrote. "Citibank, while violating only one aspect of its then policies, facilitated a money-managing system that disguised the origin, destination and beneficial owner of the funds involved." The study was issued weeks after Swiss authorities had moved to confiscate $114 million from Salinas, asserting that the funds were protection money paid by drug traffickers. Mexican officials also recently announced that they had frozen an additional $119 million in a maze of other accounts that Salinas controlled. In a statement Thursday, the bank said the report "contains errors of fact and interpretation." A spokesman for the bank, Richard Howe, would neither detail the errors nor address any specific issues in the case. The report also noted that officials in the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, which has not investigated the case, believed that the civil bank-secrecy statute had probably not been violated. The law says prosecutors can only prove that Salinas or the bank violated money-laundering statutes if they first show that the money was from an unlawful source. The prosecutors would then have to demonstrate that the bank knew or should have known that the money was illicit. Law-enforcement officials familiar with the case said their principal challenge had been to amass enough evidence to prove in a criminal trial that Salinas had earned his money by one of the handful of crimes, such as drug trafficking, that are covered abroad under the federal money-laundering statutes. Swiss investigators, who faced a much lower evidentiary threshold to confiscate Salinas' deposits there, based their case in part on statements by convicted drug traffickers imprisoned in the United States. Although U.S. officials have dismissed some of those potential witnesses as unreliable, they said others were considered credible.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Citibank Cut Corners for Salinas (The Cox Interactive Media version in The Austin American-Statesman) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 11:06:04 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: Citibank Cut Corners for Salinas Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: Austin American-Statesman (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.Austin360.com/ Copyright: 1998 Cox Interactive Media, Inc. CITIBANK CUT CORNERS FOR SALINAS U.S. report says bank ignored safeguards against money laundering Eager to do business with Raul Salinas de Gortari, a brother of the former president of Mexico, Citibank executives ignored some of the bank's own safeguards against the laundering of illicit funds, a U.S. congressional report says. As the bankers took in millions of dollars from Salinas, they never asked for standard information on his financial background and made virtually no effort to verify the source of the money, the report said. After Salinas was arrested for murder in 1995 and lawyers for the bank had begun monitoring his accounts, his personal banker in New York quietly advised Salinas' wife, Paulina Castanon, to move the money elsewhere, apparently without the consent of the legal department. And even when Citibank finally alerted federal officials to Salinas' suspicious transactions, and after Castanon had been arrested as well, the bank failed to tell the government about the network of foreign shell companies and offshore accounts that the bank had set up to shield the Salinas fortune. The disclosures, in a report by the General Accounting Office, the investigative arm of Congress, represent the most detailed accounting yet of how Salinas used a special Citibank unit reserved for the wealthiest customers to secretly move up to $100 million out of Mexico. Salinas and the bank have repeatedly denied wrongdoing. Whether any U.S. laws were broken remains unclear. The study was issued weeks after Swiss authorities had moved to confiscate $114 million from Salinas, asserting that the funds were protection money paid by drug traffickers. Mexican officials also recently announced that they had frozen an additional $119 million in a maze of other accounts that Salinas controlled. In a statement Thursday, the bank said the report "contains errors of fact and interpretation." Testifying as a government witness in an earlier money-laundering case, the Citibank executive who worked on Salinas' account, Amy Elliott, suggested that the bank's "know your customer" policies were fundamental to its efforts to avoid easing the way for illegal transactions. Although Elliott stated that she and her colleagues had evaluated their potential customers carefully, checking their business dealings and credit backgrounds and visiting them up to 12 times a year, the congressional investigators found that she worked quite differently with Salinas. "Citibank made no attempt to investigate Salinas' background before accepting him" as a customer in 1992, the report states. It notes that Elliott, still an employee in good standing, filed neither a standard financial profile nor a financial background check. Nor, as bank policy required, did she ask to have the requirement for a profile waived. Although Salinas had never been formally accused of wrongdoing in connection with Citibank, rumors of possible corruption were widespread in Mexican financial circles. Nonetheless, Elliott later told prosecutors in a deposition, she thought of her new customer as something akin to "a Rockefeller." Elliott said in her statement that she believed that much of Salinas' money came from the sale of a construction company. But as the deposits flowed in, generating $1.1 million in fees, bank officials never learned the company's name. Under the system Elliott devised, Castanon, Salinas' wife, would pick up cashier's checks in pesos at Mexican banks, carry them to the Citibank subsidiary in Mexico City, convert them to dollars and wire them to New York, using the name Patricia Rios, a first name that she did not use, combined with her mother's maiden name. Congressional investigators, like Swiss detectives before them, were unable to establish the source of the pesos that Salinas kept in Mexican banks. But if he had received drug bribes, they would have almost certainly been paid in American dollars, the currency in which drugs are generally sold. >From Mexico, Salinas' money went to a Citibank account in New York that disguised its origins by mixing it with deposits from other banks and customers. The funds were then sent to Swiss and British accounts in the name of a Cayman Islands shell corporation, Trocca Ltd., that was run by three other offshore shell companies but secretly controlled by Salinas. The congressional report states that after Salinas' arrest in February 1995, Elliott filed a brief financial profile and went to Mexico City without the knowledge or consent of the bank's legal representative to try to persuade Castanon to close her husband's Citibank accounts. Castanon finally did try to consolidate the holdings, but was arrested in Switzerland that November. Only then did Citibank file a criminal referral form, the congressional report states, but it neglected to mention Trocca or the Swiss or British accounts.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mexico Cops Arrest Man For Massacre (The Associated Press says Tijuana police have arrested Hector Flores Esquivias, an alleged member of the gang blamed in the September massacre of 19 people in the city of Ensenada. Also arrested was Cruz Medina Perez, believed to be the wife of the gang's alleged leader, Arturo Martinez Gonzalez. Apparently the evidence linking Flores to the massacre hasn't been disclosed yet.) Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 06:35:37 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Mexico Cops Arrest Man For Massacre Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 Associated Press. MEXICO COPS ARREST MAN FOR MASSACRE MEXICO CITY (AP) Tijuana police have arrested an alleged member of the gang blamed in the September massacre of 19 people in the Baja California city of Ensenada, prosecutors said. Arrested with Hector Flores Esquivias was Cruz Medina Perez, believed to be the wife of the gang's alleged leader, Arturo Martinez Gonzalez. Police found one-fifth of an ounce of metamphetamine in the truck the two were traveling in, prosecutors said Thursday. When they were stopped, both suspects showed police fake drivers' licenses under other names. Both were charged with drug possession and falsifying documents. Flores Esquivias also faces an outstanding warrant related to the massacre. On Sept. 17, gunmen rousted from bed an alleged drug trafficker and 18 members of his family, including eight children. They were lined up against a wall and shot near the Baja beach resort of Ensenada. Federal prosecutors said the gang of Martinez Gonzalez carried out the killings to stop one of the victim's marijuana-smuggling operation from becoming too competitive. Police say the gang has connections to Ramon Arellano Felix, an alleged drug trafficker on the FBI's list of 10 most-wanted crime suspects.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oaxacan Police Chief Resigns (The Associated Press says Jose Mendez Rico, the chief of police for Mexico's southern Oaxaca state, resigned after two days on the job and one day after news reports linked him to a powerful drug cartel.) Date: Mon, 7 Dec 1998 21:35:29 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Wire: Oaxacan Police Chief Resigns Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 Associated Press. OAXACAN POLICE CHIEF RESIGNS OAXACA CITY, Mexico (AP) The chief of police in Mexico's southern Oaxaca state resigned after two days on the job, authorities confirmed Friday, a day after news reports linking him to a powerful drug cartel. Police Chief Jose Mendez Rico was appointed by the state's new governor, Jose Murta, even though Mendez Rico was mentioned last year in court testimony as a contact for the Juarez cocaine cartel. The state attorney general's office denied he had been fired, saying Mendez Rico had quit for "health reasons." Speculation had surrounded his departure Thursday, with various reports attributing the resignation to health problems in his family or his inability to calm a local feud. In the testimony, originally published by the news magazine Proceso in February 1997 and reproduced Friday by the local Cantera daily, Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo said Mendez Rico "was one of the persons to contact to reach the head of the Ciudad Juarez cartel, Amado Carrillo." Gutierrez Rebollo, Mexico's former drug czar, later was fired and jailed after authorities determined he was protecting drug traffickers.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US, Caribbean Troops Prepare for Marijuana Mission (The Associated Press says six US Marine Corps helicopters will ferry more than 120 troops from the Caribbean Regional Security Service and local police next week to uproot and burn marijuana plants on the Caribbean island nation of St. Vincent. The Marijuana Farmers movement, which claims to have 800 members, sent a letter to President Clinton on Thursday demanding compensation for lost marijuana plants.) Date: Sun, 6 Dec 1998 15:50:49 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: St.Vincent: Wire: U.S., Caribbean Troops Prepare for Marijuana Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: DrugSense Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1998 The Associated Press. Pubdate: 4 Dec 1998 U.S., CARIBBEAN TROOPS PREPARE FOR MARIJUANA MISSION SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) -- Caribbean troops will be rappelling from U.S. helicopters and learning how to avoid booby traps in dense tropical foliage this weekend, preparing for a mission to destroy marijuana on the island nation of St. Vincent. Training is beginning despite protests from hundreds of marijuana growers, who say they have no way to make a legal living. "At this time of year, if the U.S. comes here and destroys our plantations, that will spell hardship and the business sector will feel the pinch for Christmas," said protest leader Junior Cottle. His new Marijuana Farmers movement, which claims to have 800 members, sent a letter to President Clinton on Thursday demanding compensation for lost marijuana plants. Six U.S. Marine Corps helicopters will ferry more than 120 troops from the Caribbean Regional Security Service and St. Vincent police force next week to uproot and burn marijuana plants on remote northern plots. The two-week operation, targeting mountainous terrain near the 4,000-foot Soufriere Volcano, was requested by St. Vincent and the Grenadines' prime minister, Sir James Mitchell. Similar operations in recent years destroyed millions of plants in Trinidad, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, Dominica and Antigua. But none have stirred the kind of organized protest seen in St. Vincent. Without their plants, the farmers say unemployment in St. Vincent and the Grenadines will rise above today's 40 percent. That, coupled with U.S. action against the Caribbean's vital banana industry, could lead to unrest, they said. "We have 8,000 people whose livelihood depends on marijuana," said Cottle. With an estimated 12,350 acres in production, St. Vincent is the eastern Caribbean's largest marijuana producer. Most is consumed on neighboring islands. St. Vincent business leaders concede that, although illegal, marijuana has become important to their economy. And it could become even more important, because the United States has successfully challenged a European Union quota system that was crucial to the region's banana industry. How much the marijuana crop is worth isn't known. But when the harvest comes in, soda trucks return to their Kingstown bases empty, and downtown store do a brisker business, said Martin Barnard, president of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce. "They told me they're in trouble -- the jobs are not there, they have children to support, they have to turn to the hills to farm marijuana," said Barnard. "I am sympathetic to all that ... but at the end of the day we had to say, 'Fellows, it is illegal."' Mitchell and other Caribbean leaders have long warned that, without a European market for their bananas, many farmers will turn to marijuana or to smuggling cocaine and heroin. In St. Vincent, population 110,000, the banana industry employs up to 60 percent of the workforce. But Mitchell told the farmers that tolerating their illegal work could lead to U.S. sanctions. Many farmers planned to harvest their plants before the U.S. helicopters arrive. U.S. officials say the Marines will only transport troops, not destroy plants. But there are risks, said Marine Lt. Col. Jeff Douglass. Regional troops will be trained to detect booby traps, such as shaved bamboo sticks in pits or crude pipe guns fired by trip wires, Douglass said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- IOC Attempt To Resolve Doping Dilemma (Reuters says FIFA president Sepp Blatter and his International Olympic Committee counterpart Juan Antonio Samaranch will meet in Switzerland next month in an attempt to resolve their differences on proposed common rules regarding doping offenders.) Date: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 16:21:14 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Switzerland WIRE: Ioc Attempt To Resolve Doping Dilemma Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. Author: Steve Keating IOC ATTEMPT TO RESOLVE DOPING DILEMMA ZURICH, Dec 4 (Reuters) - FIFA president Sepp Blatter and his International Olympic Committee counterpart Juan Antonio Samaranch will meet next month in an attempt to resolve their differences on proposed common rules regarding doping offenders. Last week international sports leaders meeting in Lausanne moved a step nearer creating a common united policy against drug abuse, but FIFA, along with the international cycling and tennis federations, have strong reservations about the implications of such measures on their sports. Blatter said on Friday that while FIFA supported the idea of random out-of-competition testing, it was concerned about the all embracing anti-doping policy being developed by the IOC. "We continue to have serious reservations about IOC proposals which I will discuss with Mr Samaranch when we meet on January 6," said Blatter. "We are a team sport, a highly professional sport, not an individual sport. Football players with the EU are considered workers and this presents legal problems." Because of the potential legal quagmire, FIFA beleives the automatic two-year ban for anyone testing positive for a banned substance now being considered by the IOC, is unenforcable and that there should be some flexibility built in to any future sanctions. Blatter and Samaranch's meeting comes before a key world conference on doping in sport being held in Lausanne in February when the IOC hope a common anti-doping code can be agreed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 69 (The Drug Reform Coordination Network's original summary of drug policy news and calls to action includes - DRCNet projects and campaigns; Alert - show of support needed for New Jersey needle exchange; US Congress triples military aid To Colombia; Report - New York state now spending more on prisons than higher education; Drug war perjury highlighted in Congressional impeachment hearings; Thousands protest at US Army School of the Americas; Swiss legalization referendum fails, but provides hopeful signs for future; Coalition seeking DC election results grows; and an editorial, Criminalizing our children, by Adam J. Smith.) Date: Fri, 04 Dec 1998 08:16:54 -0500 To: email@example.com From: DRCNet (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 69 Sender: email@example.com The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 69 -- December 4, 1998 A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network -------- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -------- (To sign off this list, mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:email@example.com for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) (This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html. Check out the DRCNN weekly radio segment at http://www.drcnet.org/drcnn/.) PERMISSION to reprint or redistribute any or all of the contents of The Week Online is hereby granted. We ask that any use of these materials include proper credit and, where appropriate, a link to one or more of our web sites. If your publication customarily pays for publication, DRCNet requests checks payable to the organization. If your publication does not pay for materials, you are free to use the materials gratis. In all cases, we request notification for our records, including physical copies where material has appeared in print. Contact: Drug Reform Coordination Network, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, (202) 293-8340 (voice), (202) 293-8344 (fax), e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. DRCNet Projects and Campaigns http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#projects 2. ALERT: Show of Support Needed for New Jersey Needle Exchange http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#chaiproject 3. U.S. Congress Triples Military Aid To Colombia http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#colombia 4. REPORT: New York State Now Spending More on Prisons than Higher Education http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#newyork 5. Drug War Perjury Highlighted In Congressional Impeachment Hearings http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#perjury 6. Thousands Protest at U.S. Army School of the Americas http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#soa 7. Swiss Legalization Referendum Fails, but Provides Hopeful Signs for Future http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#droleg 8. Coalition Seeking DC Election Results Grows http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#dcvote 9. EDITORIAL: Criminalizing our Children http://www.drcnet.org/wol/069.html#editorial *** 1. DRCNet Projects and Campaigns To our readers: We are back after a much-needed Thanksgiving break, and hope that everyone had an enjoyable holiday weekend. Here at DRCNet, things are moving fast and 1999 is shaping up to be a breakthrough year for us as well as for the movement. As we head into the home stretch of what has been an exciting 1998, we hope that you will consider supporting DRCNet's work. (We're facing a cash crunch at the moment!) Why, you may ask, should you dig deep to send us a check (or even another check), when there are so many worthy causes and organizations vying for your support? Here are just a few of the reasons: * DRCNet's weekly syndicated radio news show, DRCNN, is already being carried on over a dozen stations, in at least three countries, after just two months of production, and feedback from those stations has been excellent. The show costs us around $200 per week to produce (including staff- time), and we also need to be able to promote it to stations across the country. A $200 donation (or eight $25 donations) will pay for one show in its entirety. A $500 donation will pay for two weeks of promotions and will help us to get DRCNN on the air on perhaps dozens of new stations who do not yet know that we exist. (You can hear the show in Real Audio online at http://www.drcnet.org/drcnn/.) Donations to support DRCNN can be made to the DRCNet Foundation (tax-deductible), or to the Drug Reform Coordination Network (not tax-deductible, better for us if it's just as good for you). * DRCNet's campus project, U-Net, has launched a nationwide campaign in opposition to language in the 1998 Higher Education Act which delays or denies financial aid to any student who has been convicted of any drug offense, including possession. Our resolution calling on the 106th Congress to repeal the provision is already being presented by students to their student governments on over 50 campuses for their support. There is also media campaign in the works, which will be launched early in 1999, in support of this effort. Kris Lotlikar is our point person on this project (in addition to all of his other responsibilities here), and while he does work cheap, he cannot work for nothing. Ten $35 donations, or one $325 donation will cover Kris' pay and the associated expenses for a week. A $1,000 donation will fund the media campaign. (Check out the U-Net site at http://www.drcnet.org/U-net/.) Donations to support the Higher Education Act project, and Kris' work as membership coordinator, must be made to the Drug Reform Coordination Network (because of its legislative nature), and are not tax-deductible. * We are developing the stopthedrugwar.org web site as a gateway to the issue and the movement. Take a look at the initial portions, online at http://www.stopthedrugwar.org. When complete, stopthedrugwar.org will provide visitors pointers to news, educational resources, discussion groups, membership and activist organizations and other opportunities for involvement in whatever areas of drug policy interest them the most. Help DRCNet build the movement by supporting stopthedrugwar.org. Donations to support stopthedrugwar.org can be made to the DRCNet Foundation (tax-deductible) or the Drug Reform Coordination Network (not tax-deductible). (We are developing stopthedrugwar.org in preparation for a massive outreach campaign to build the movement. The outreach project will be described in another Week Online in the very near future.) * DRCNet continues to count on non-tax deductible donations from our membership for our lobbying efforts. In the coming year there will be numerous drug war-related bills on the Hill and in statehouses across the nation. Our subscribers will of course be alerted to them so that their voices can be heard, both at the state and the federal level. In the wake of the phenomenally successful 1998 election results, it is more important than ever that lawmakers hear from their reform-minded constituents when they consider their upcoming votes on these issues. Most of our grants and major gifts are made to the DRCNet Foundation, which spend very little of its money on lobbying. Hence, your non- deductible gifts to the Drug Reform Coordination Network, large or small, play the most important role in enabling us to issue our grassroots legislative alerts. Your non- deductible membership dues of $25, or donations of $50, $100, $250, $500 or $1,000 to the Drug Reform Coordination Network, represent citizen action directly at work in the democratic process. These are just a few of the things we are working on here at DRCNet. As you can see, your support is vital to our efforts, and every dollar produces results. As the year winds down, please consider making a donation, or increasing your level of support for 1998. If you'd like, please feel free to specify a particular project or campaign with your check. Donations not specified for a given program will go toward one of the projects above, or else toward our general operating budget, as needed. If you'd like your donation to be tax deductible, please make checks payable to the DRCNet Foundation. Non-deductible donations should be made out to the Drug Reform Coordination Network. Thanks! To donate, please use our online registration form at https://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi (secure, encrypted version for credit card donations) or http://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi (unencrypted version, use either version to create a printable form to mail in with your check or money order), or just mail your donation to: DRCNet, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Note that donations to the DRCNet Foundation should only be made by check, as the Foundation doesn't yet have a credit card merchant account. *** 2. ALERT: Show of Support Needed for New Jersey Needle Exchange Diana McCague will appear in New Brunswick Municipal Court on December 17th at 1:00pm on a single charge of syringe possession stemming from her arrest by investigators from the Middlesex County Prosecutor's office on September 29, 1998 (see http://www.drcnet.org/wol/061.html#chaibust). We must show the judge, the prosecutor, the community, and New Jersey's elected officials that Diana does not stand alone in her commitment to keeping drug users and their families and communities in New Jersey safe from HIV and other disease and injury which can result from the use of illicit drubgs. There will not be a trial. Diana is expecting to plead guilty under the terms of a negotiated plea agreement. However, Diana will make a statement to the court and it is possible that the judge will question her before imposing sentence. The sentence could include: up to two years driver's license suspension, up to six months in jail and as much as $1000 in fines. An orderly but passionate crowd of supporters will send the desired message -- New Jersey's elected officials will be watching. This is an opportunity for those concerned about the issue of syringe exchange in New Jersey to make their commitment known! For further information, call the New Jersey Harm Reduction Coalition at (732) 247-3242. *** 3. U.S. Congress Triples Military Aid To Colombia Congressional Republicans this week passed an initiative which will triple the amount of aid, mostly in the form of military hardware, being sent to Colombia. The move, which surprised even Andres Pastrana, Colombia's new president, appears to have been the result of direct communications between congressional Republicans and General Rosso Jose Serrano, chief of Colombia's national police force. The approval of military aid, including upgraded Huey and Blackhawk helicopters, directly to the National Police, worries critics who point out that the police have consistently blurred the lines between fighting the narcotics trade and fighting the insurgency forces within the context of Colombia's thirty-five year old civil war. Adam Isaacson of the Center for International Policy told the New York Times that the move has the potential to increase America's involvement in that conflict. "It's another step in the wrong direction" he told The Times. This comes at a time when Pastrana has already involved his government in the most aggressive peace initiative in recent memory. Already, Pastrana has pulled his military forces from an area the size of Switzerland as a show of faith leading up to the beginning of talks with the rebels. The increase in aid "surprised everybody," said Rodrigo Lloreda, Colombia's defense minister. Statements such as this underscore the disconnect between Congress' actions and the will, or at least the plans of the new government, despite the feelings of the U.S. lawmakers who engineered the increase. "I look at this as giving Colombia the support it needs to do what it wants to do," Senator Mike DeWine (R-OH) told The Times. "It will put the government in a better bargaining position." But such statements only serve to highlight the blurring of the lines between counter insurgency, in which the U.S. has previously avoided getting involved, and counternarcotics operations which, though largely unsuccessful, some would say futile, remain a darling of the drug warriors. In fact, in an apparent effort to justify the crossover in the use of American Aid by Colombia, many advocates have begun to use the phrase "narco-guerillas" when referring to the rebels. Cynthia Arnson, Senior Program Associate for International Policy at the Woodrow Wilson Center, told The Week Online "The trouble is that it is very unrealistic when we hear officials from either nation struggling to make rhetorical distinctions between the two operations, when those on the ground know that no such distinction is being made in practice." The difficulty stems from the fact that some portion of the nation's estimated 15,000 rebel troops are making money from protection taxes levied against traffickers operating in regions under their control. The situation is further complicated by the fact that experts agree that all sides in the conflict are benefiting from drug profits to one degree or another. Colombia's previous president, in fact, became persona non grata in the US after allegations that he took over $6 million from traffickers for his election campaign. The country's former drug czar is currently in prison awaiting trial on charges of drug corruption. *** 4. REPORT: NY State Now Spending More On Prisons Than Higher Education A report issued this week (12/1) by the Correctional Association of New York and the Washington DC-based Justice Policy Institute reveals that over the past ten years, New York State has increased its spending on prisons by nearly as much as it has decreased spending for higher education. The culmination of ten years of education cuts and ten years of prison spending increase is that in 1998, the state is spending $1.5 billion on higher education and $1.76 billion on prisons. Robert Gangi, executive director of the Correctional Association of New York, told The Week Online that it is the drug war, above all else, that has driven New York's prison population to 70,000 and prison spending to record highs. "New York is home to the infamous Rockefeller Drug Laws, perhaps the most extreme set of mandatory minimums in the country, which have resulted in a stream of low-level, non- violent offenders" said Gangi. Gangi said that while the trend of less spending for education and more for prisons was not surprising, he was shocked by both the magnitude of the shift and by its disparate racial impact. "At one time in New York, higher education spending outstripped prison spending by a 2-1 margin. Today we're spending $260 million more on prisons than on education. What was most disturbing however were some of the radial breakdowns. New York State now has more people of color in prison on drug convictions than are enrolled in the state university system. "The reality is that people of color, arrested and convicted for drug offenses, mostly in New York City, are being used as grist in an economic mill which provides jobs in the corrections industry in rural upstate towns. Those towns, of course, are primarily white." Gangi believes that it is imperative to reform the Rockefeller drug laws. "The Rockefeller laws, because of their severity and because they've been in place for some time now, are symbolic. If we can make a dent here in reforming them, it will have a trickle down effect on the rest of the country. The numbers in this report reflect the situation in one state, but they are indicative of what is going on in other states as well." (The Correctional Association of New York/Justice Policy Institute report is available online in full at http://www.cjcj.org/jpi/nysomfront.html.) *** 5. Drug War Perjury Highlighted In Congressional Impeachment Hearings The ongoing congressional hearings on Presidential Impeachment took a turn of interest for drug policy reformers this week as Harvard Law School professor and Author Alan Dershowitz testified that the President's perjury pales in comparison with the culture of lying which has become ingrained in the criminal justice system. Dershowitz cited, among others, the Mollen Commission's recent findings, which claimed that perjury was so rampant among police officers that the practice had been given its own term in some law enforcement circles, "testilying," and Joseph McNamara, former chief of police of San Jose and Kansas City, and current fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution (and board member of the Drug Policy Foundation), who said that "hundreds of thousands of law- enforcement officers commit perjury every year testifying about drug arrests alone." Dershowitz testified that not only did the President's misstatements under oath constitute the least important and damaging form of perjury (lying to avoid personal embarrassment where the lie was not materially relevant to the substance of the proceedings), which he called the nation's most common and least prosecuted crime, but that perjury is prosecuted selectively, if at all, with motivations ranging from the political to the tactical. Dershowitz is far from the only national figure to point out the prevalence of perjury in criminal, and specifically drug enforcement, as evidenced by McNamara's quote. But it was encouraging for reformers to hear the problem referenced on such a national stage by such a respected figure. The Week Online spoke with Professor Dershowitz. WOL: In your testimony, you spoke about the impact of the drug war, and its prosecution, on the criminal justice process, particularly with regard to perjury by police officers. What has been the impact of the drug war on the system as a whole? Dershowitz: Well, I think that drug wars have done more to undercut civil liberties than perhaps any other phenomenon in recent history. Start with the fact that we call it a war, and all's fair in war. In the minds of many officers, and prosecutors, they are just doing what they need to do to fight the war. WOL: So you believe that Prohibition is a failed policy? Dershowitz: Criminalizing drugs has actually created crime, and criminals. The drugs are out there, and we've insured that they're valuable. The drug war corrupts by its very nature. WOL: How prevalent, in your view, has perjury become in the prosecution of the war? Dershowitz: Perjury by police is rampant, and the vast majority of it concerns the circumstances of searches for drugs. It (the drug war) has had a deeply corrosive impact on the system in that regard. In most cases, there are no complaining witnesses in a drug transaction, and so it is far easier to convict if testimony is tailored to what the prosecutor needs to hear. WOL: How can this problem be addressed? Dershowitz: We as a society are going to have to think very hard about making changes in our response to drugs. Obviously we need to decriminalize marijuana, that's an easy issue. There are just no good arguments against it. We also need to look into medicalizing heroin addiction, as they are doing in some places in Europe. As to cocaine, that's a little tougher issue. But there is no doubt that there has to be a better system than we have now. We need an open-minded inquiry into our drug policy, because the current policy is causing tremendous damage. *** 6. Thousands Protest at U.S. Army School of the Americas Last week, as many as 7,000 people showed up at Fort Benning, outside of Atlanta, to protest the continued operation of the Army's "School of the Americas" which is housed at the base. The school, which trains specially selected personnel culled from the militaries of Central and South America, is known to its detractors as the "School of the Assassins". It counts among its 60,000 graduates Panamanian strongman Manuel Noriega, former Argentine dictator Leopoldo Galtieri, Haitian coup leader Raoul Cedras and Salvadoran death squad organizer the late Roberto D'Aubuisson. According to organizers, more than 2,300 people risked arrest by entering the base. The protest was by far the largest of the eight, which have been held annually since 1990. Last year, more than 600 people were arrested for entering the base, and more than thirty of them served six month sentences because it was their second such offense. *** 7. Swiss Legalization Referendum Fails, but Provides Hopeful Signs for Future In our last issue before the Thanksgiving holiday, we reported that voters in the nation of Switzerland were to decide November 29 on the legalization and regulation of drugs (http://www.drcnet.org/wol/068.html#droleg). Droleg did not pass, with 72% of voters opposed and 28% in support. An exit poll found, however, that of those who voted against the initiative, 40% would have voted for legalization of marijuana only, yielding a majority in support of marijuana legalization and suggesting hope for future reform in that area. Opposition to the initiative focused on the concern that by legalizing all drugs while their neighbors continue to have prohibition, Switzerland could face large numbers of "drug tourists" and resulting nuisance problems. Earlier in the year, Swiss voters approved prescription availability of heroin by a margin of 70-30, and doctors now have the right to prescribe heroin to addicts. Opponents of drug policy reform have portrayed the Droleg vote as a reversal. Droleg's non-passage may, however, reflect caution rather than outright opposition to the concept of legalization. Swiss voters may simply want to see how well heroin maintenance works, rather than proceeding swiftly and dramatically to full legalization, before any other country in the world. It is notable that a full 28% of Swiss voters were aware enough of the consequences of prohibition to support full legalization all at once and in advance of any other European country. How would the Swiss vote have gone, were it in the context of a European- or world-wide policy shift? Perhaps more than 28% would have supported it. *** 8. Coalition Seeking DC Election Results Grows Nine organizations, including the Washington, DC chapter of the League of Women Voters, the Republican National African- American Council, the Gertrude Stein Democratic Club and the Libertarian National Committee have all filed "friend of the court" briefs in support of the DC government and ACTUP DC's lawsuit seeking the release of the results of the DC Medical Marijuana, Initiative 59. The results of the election have been kept secret in the wake of language added to the DC appropriations bill by Congressman Bob Barr (R-GA) forbidding the District from spending any money on any initiative which would reduce, in any way, penalties for marijuana possession or use. The growing coalition of supporters is evidence, say activists, of the federal government's inept handling of everything having to do with medicinal marijuana. Robert Kampia, director of governmental relations for the Marijuana Policy Project told The Week Online, "The federal government blesses us with new allies every time it rears its fascist head on this issue. Groups like the League of Women Voters were probably wholly unaware of the issues involved in medical marijuana until the feds decided to try to quash the results of a democratic election. Even the Washington Post, which has been notoriously bad in its coverage of this issue, has devoted an editorial as well as serious news space to medical marijuana in the wake of the Barr amendment. "Congress is so beside itself on this issue, so eager to make sure that sick people go to prison for their personal medical choices," said Kampia, "that they are willing to run roughshod over the constitution in an effort to impose their will. The elections proved, however, that their will and the people's will are two entirely different things. We can only thank them for their absolute irrationality. It has given activists the opportunity to involve and to educate a much broader range of concerned citizens and organizations." *** 9. EDITORIAL: Criminalizing our Children Last month a report was issued by Amnesty International detailing the treatment of children by the United States criminal justice system. The report found that there are over 11,000 children, under the age of eighteen, currently being held in prisons and other adult correctional facilities in this country. The report also cited over 89,000 cases of children being placed in solitary confinement for periods longer than 24 hours. According to Amnesty, such treatment offends internationally accepted standards. The U.S. incarcerates more of its children than any other nation on earth. For several years now, law enforcement officials and politicians have courted the fears of the American public with dire warnings of "super-predators," a generation of children so violent, so evil, that they are barely human. Despite several well-publicized cases, however, the fact is that murderous children are the rare exception. Most children who come into contact with the justice system are there for far less nefarious reasons. Even of those who are transferred into the adult criminal justice system, more than half, according to the Center for Juvenile and Criminal Justice, have been charged with non-violent offenses. Children who are incarcerated are more than three times as likely to re-offend as children charged with similar offenses who are sentenced to a non-incarceratory alternative. And children under the age of eighteen who are incarcerated with adults are more than three times as likely to be beaten by staff, more than five times as likely to be raped, and more than eight times as likely to commit suicide than children who are incarcerated in juvenile facilities. Still, in the last session of Congress, legislation was introduced which would have mandated that states transfer out of the juvenile system children as young as fourteen who are charged with certain offenses, both violent and non- violent (including drug-related). The bill would have encouraged, though not required, the transfer of thirteen year-olds charged with such offenses. The incarceration of children, large numbers of children, horrendous as it is, should not be surprising in light of current policies. It is, in fact, the predictable end- product of a society that has slowly but surely criminalized youth itself. In cities across the country, curfews have been instituted, both at night and during school hours. The effect, in some cities, is that for up to eighteen hours a day, it is illegal for a teenager to be out in public without his or her parents. When kids are allowed out on the streets, they are often insufficient public spaces for their activities. Go find a group of kids hanging out anywhere in this country, and there's a good chance that at least one of them has a key chain or a t-shirt emblazoned with the phrase "skateboarding is not a crime." In many parts of the country, running away from home is a criminal act, regardless of the conditions of the home that the child is fleeing. Drugs, of course, play an enormous role in the criminalization of youth. "Protecting the children" is the most common excuse given for the imprisonment of hundreds of thousands of American adults jailed for consensual acts. But despite the ongoing war, the number of kids using drugs has been unaffected, and they are using at younger and younger ages. For many kids, drug use is very simply an act of rebellion against an adult culture that seems oppressive. The answer, of course, is to lock up more kids. Arrest them for marijuana, arrest them for cigarettes, arrest them for beer, arrest them for being out too late. If we're not catching enough of them, drug test them. Drug test them for school sports, for the chess club, drug test them when they apply for drivers' licenses, or simply drug test them all. Or else, as the town of Peekskill, New York is attempting to do, place surveillance cameras in the places they hang out. Find them. Catch them. Punish them. Our national motto, it seems, is that it takes a prison to raise a child. In the 1960's, the baby boomer generation, the ones whose children are now such a threat to the fabric of society, wore t-shirts warning not to trust anyone over thirty. Today their sentiment is not to trust anyone under eighteen. Perhaps they've forgotten what it's like to be young. Or perhaps it is a generation so full of self-righteousness, so convinced of their own infallibility and superiority, that they simply don't trust anyone at all who is not a member of their ranks. Whatever the reason, they are doing no favors for their kids. Today's children are growing up in a world where the state has declared them suspect, and has been given absolute authority to control their lives. Far from the day when an errant child would be brought home by an officer of the law to be dealt with by his or her parents, that child is now routinely taken down to the station, booked, and thrown in a cell with all the rest of the criminals. The parents, who in another time would have had a long talk, or grounded the kid or even tanned his hide for, say, smoking marijuana or even dropping a tab of acid, will now frantically try to secure the services of a lawyer (if they can afford one) and will be left to hope and pray that the child is not sentenced to jail or even held before trial, where he is at risk of being raped or beaten. Our children are criminals, and they know it all too well. Why then should they obey our rules? Why should they respect our authority? Why should they play the game? Out of fear? That works only when they are in your line of vision. Outside of that, your words, your rules, your wishes will be respected only if the child respects you. And respect is not what we engender when we send the state out after our children. Jail them and they will reject society. Surveille them and they will retreat to the shadows. Drug test them and they will find substances for which you are not testing. Teach them that the state is all-powerful, that the power of the state is to be used as a primary method of controlling behavior, and they will grow up to use the power of the state to do things unintended by our Constitution. Or they will overthrow it. We will not solve the problems of adult society by making criminals of our children. And we will not solve the problems of our children by locking them up as if they were adults. There are more than 11,000 children sitting right now in American jails and prisons. Many of them are being beaten. And raped. And scarred for life. Hundreds of thousands of other children, living "free" are under the constant scrutiny of the state. It is a perverse way to raise the first American generation of the twenty-first century. They will not always be children. Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html. Donations to the Drug Reform Coordination Network are not tax-deductible. Deductible contributions supporting our educational work can be made by check to the DRCNet Foundation, a 501(c)(3) tax- exempt organization, same address. *** DRCNet *** GATEWAY TO REFORM PAGE http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/ DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html -------------------------------------------------------------------
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