------------------------------------------------------------------- Family, friends bewildered by man's rampage (The Oregonian recounts a case of demon rum turning "a nice guy" from Bend, Adam M. Gantenbein, into a would-be cop killer - and then a corpse.) The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Family, friends bewildered by man's rampage * Those who knew the slain Bend man as a nice guy fail to understand how he could use his vehicle to ram two police cars Saturday February 20, 1999 By Gordon Gregory Correspondent The Oregonian BEND -- Police on Friday released more details of a bizarre incident early Thursday that ended the life of a 21-year-old man. Now officials, as well as the family and friends of Adam M. Gantenbein, must try to reconcile the young man's affable image with the violent actions police say led to his death. Gantenbein, a 1996 graduate of Jesuit High School in Beaverton, who attended a spiritual retreat and volunteered at a coastal camp for disabled children, was known by many as an exceptionally friendly, athletic person who was far more prone to show warmth than anger. "We're absolutely heartbroken, absolutely devastated," said Michele McGrain of Beaverton, whose son was a schoolmate and teammate of Gantenbein. "He was just a fabulous kid, full of life. Everybody loved him. He was everybody's friend." But about 1:30 a.m. Thursday, Bend police encountered a different Gantenbein, who had moved to Bend about three months ago from Portland. Police gave the following account of the incident: Bend police Sgt. Sandra Baxter, a 20-year police veteran, tried to stop the 1996 Jeep Gantenbein was driving for a traffic violation. Gantenbein had two friends with him at the time. All had been drinking. Gantenbein refused to stop and instead sped off, driving erratically and striking a chain-link fence at a car dealership on Burnside Road. There, Baxter approached Gantenbein's vehicle. At this time, Gantenbein's two friends, whose names were not released, jumped out of the Jeep and ran toward Baxter, one asking for protection and saying he wanted no part of Gantenbein. Now alone, Gantenbein sped away. A short time later, Baxter and two officers in two other patrol vehicles boxed Gantenbein on Third Street in front of a Safeway market. With Gantenbein stopped, Baxter again approached him on foot. Gantenbein then attempted to run over Baxter with his vehicle. She was not hurt. Gantenbein then smashed his Jeep into the two patrol cars driven by officers assisting Baxter, ramming one and then the other. He hit one car so hard the impact knocked the patrol vehicle backward at least 10 feet. Officer Albert Campbell, a 10-year police officer, attempted to get out of his vehicle, but became caught between his door and his vehicle, putting him in a vulnerable position. Officers Campbell and Mike Hartman then fired a number of shots at Gantenbein, hitting him inside his vehicle. He died at the scene. Police say Gantenbein was not trying to escape when he rammed the patrol cars, but appeared to be using his Jeep as a weapon against the officers. Police Capt. John Maniscalco said intoxicants appeared to be a factor. "We believe that at least alcohol was involved." But what drove Gantenbein to such actions was apparently still a mystery Friday. The three police officers were placed on administrative leave. An autopsy by the state medical examiner's office in Portland was to be conducted Friday. It is expected that a Deschutes County grand jury will hear the case next week to determine if officers acted legally. What might be more difficult to understand is why the young man acted as he did. The son of a former Portland police officer who also worked with the Portland Public Schools police force, Gantenbein was known as a kind, remarkably friendly person. Jesuit High students learned of Gantenbein's death Friday morning from administrators. Current Jesuit students who remembered him grieved and visited with clergy. Faculty members who taught him were "very upset" by the news, said Principal Sandy Satterberg. The private Catholic high school hasn't experienced a death in several years, she said. Most recently, in 1992, the school grieved for student Corey Fay, who became lost while elk hunting east of Mount Hood. His remains were found 10 months later. That tragedy and the loss of Gantenbein hits hard at the school, which is known to have a strong sense of community. "He was a very well-liked young man," Satterberg said of Gantenbein. While at Jesuit, Gantenbein was involved in football, basketball and baseball. That's the way another 1996 graduate, Sean Milstead, remembers his classmate. "He was this tall, kind, giant of a nice guy who was always active in sports," said Milstead, a University of Oregon student who found his niche in Jesuit's drama department. He described Gantenbein as gentle and fun-loving and was surprised to hear that the person he knew briefly fled police in his car and tried to run down an officer approaching him on foot. "He was always a gentleman around campus. . . . This is totally out of character of how I knew him three years ago." Gantenbein's family will hold a memorial for him at 3 p.m. Sunday in the Jesuit High School Chapel. Gillian Gaynair of The Oregonian staff contributed to this report. Do you have news of Crook, Deschutes, Jefferson, Lake or northern Klamath counties? You can reach Gordon Gregory at 541-504-9106 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Oregon Case Federal Grand Jury (The Houston Chronicle says U.S. District Judge Sim Lake refused Friday to issue a gag order sought by six fired Houston prohibition agents involved in the fatal shooting of Pedro Oregon Navarro, and denied their request that they not be deposed by the family's lawyers until a federal criminal investigation of the incident is complete. Also on Friday, Oregon's brother-in-law and a family friend, both of whom were in his apartment the night agents burst in without a warrant, testified before the federal grand jury that began investigating the shooting this week.) Date: Sun, 21 Feb 1999 16:37:44 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: The Oregon Case Federal Grand Jury Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: GALAN@prodigy.net (G. A ROBISON) Pubdate: Sat, 20 Feb 1999 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chron.com/ Forum: http://www.chron.com/content/hcitalk/index.html Copyright: 1999 Houston Chronicle Author: ED ASHER THE OREGON CASE FEDERAL GRAND JURY A federal judge refused Friday to issue a gag order sought by six police officers involved in the fatal shooting of Pedro Oregon and denied their request to order that they not be deposed by the family's lawyers until a federal criminal investigation of the incident is complete. Also on Friday, Oregon's brother-in-law and a family friend, both of whom were in his apartment the night he was killed, testified before the federal grand jury that began investigating the shooting this week. Oregon, 22, was shot 12 times in a July 12 drug raid at his apartment. He was hit nine times in the back, once in the back of the head, once in the back of a shoulder and once in the back of a hand. The officers, who had no warrant, have said Oregon pointed a gun at them. Although a gun was found in the apartment, it had not been fired. No drugs were found. Five of the officers were nobilled by a state grand jury for their roles in the shooting; the sixth was indicted on a misdemeanor criminal trespass charge. In his ruling on the gag order, U.S. District Judge Sim Lake said he had to balance the officers' right to a fair trial against the family's First Amendment right to free speech. The officers said the family's lawyers have been making prejudicial statements to the news media. "Although there has been considerable publicity about this case, I'm not persuaded the publicity will affect the defendants' right to a fair trial," Lake said. Instead, he cautioned all lawyers involved that professional ethics prohibit public statements that could affect the fairness of a trial. The officers also wanted Lake to issue an order specifically allowing them to invoke their Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination when they are asked questions by the family's lawyers in a pending civil suit against the city. The judge agreed that they have that right under the Fifth Amendment, but said they did not need a court order to invoke it. Although Lake's ruling clears the way for depositions and discovery to begin, the officers presumably will simply invoke the Fifth Amendment when questioned. Lake also denied a routine motion by the city of Houston to dismiss the case. The family's lawyers were pleased with the rulings. "It was a good day," Oregon family attorney Richard Mithoff said. "(Judge Lake) made clear what the law is, and that is they are entitled to claim the Fifth Amendment. But we are entitled to proceed with our discovery, to ask questions of the officers and to let them claim Fifth Amendment if they so choose." Robert Thomas, the attorney for four of the six officers, said he is ready to proceed with the civil case. "We're going to trial. We're ready to go forward. We will work hard and we look forward to our day in court," Thomas. Thomas said "several" of the officers had not fired their guns at all, but he declined to elaborate. Also expressing satisfaction with the day's events was Gilberto Velarde Meixueiro, in charge of the protection division of the Mexican Consulate in Houston, which is monitoring the case. "It shows that it is possible to obtain justice in the States," Velarde said. "Pedro Oregon was a Mexican who we believe was unfairly killed." Salvador Lopez, Oregon's brother-in-law, and Nellie Mejia, the girlfriend of one of Oregon's brothers, testified before the grand jury. Their lawyer declined to say what they had told the panel. About two dozen people demonstrated outside the federal courthouse as the grand jury took testimony. Several held placards reading, "End the cover-up. Justice for Pedro Oregon. Indict the killer cops."
------------------------------------------------------------------- 16-year-old To Be Tried As Adult On Cocaine, Marijuana Charges (The Daily Herald, in Arlington Heights, Illinois, says Richardo Marquez, a 16-year-old McHenry County youth, recently found out he would be prosecuted as an adult on drug charges, meaning he faces a minimum prison term of 9 years and a maximum of 40.) Date: Sun, 21 Feb 1999 18:33:31 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IL: 16-year-old To Be Tried As Adult On Cocaine, Marijuana Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: Sat, 20 Feb 1999 Source: Daily Herald (IL) Copyright: 1999 The Daily Herald Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dailyherald.com/ Author: Bill Cole 16-YEAR-OLD TO BE TRIED AS ADULT ON COCAINE, MARIJUANA CHARGES A 16-year-old McHenry County youth facing drug charges recently found out he would be prosecuted as an adult. On Thursday, he was indicted by a grand jury on a Class X felony charge carrying a minimum prison term of 9 years and maximum of 40 years. Richardo Marquez, of 2077 Stonelake Drive in Woodstock, was charged with intent to deliver and possession counts involving 7 ounces of cocaine and a pound of marijuana prosecutors say was found Dec. 3 in the apartment shared by Marquez, his father, Manuel, and older brother, Manuel Jr. The cocaine charge is a Class X felony, while the marijuana charge is a Class 3 felony. The arrests were made as the result of a North Central Narcotics Task Force undercover operation that netted more than a dozen people. Manuel Marquez and Manuel Marquez Jr. were previously indicted on the same charges, said Phillip A. Prossnitz, chief of the McHenry County State's Attorney's gangs and drugs division. Drug agents who searched the Marquezes' apartment found the marijuana hidden in a couch and $20,000 worth of cocaine in a storage locker just outside the patio door, Prossnitz said. According to prosecutors, Richardo Marquez took responsibility, saying "It's mine" after the drugs were found. "Initially, we thought he was trying to fall on the sword for family members," Prossnitz said. However, at juvenile proceedings to transfer Richardo Marquez to adult court, an accused drug deal broker said Marquez was regularly involved in selling cocaine. "I believe these three defendants should be tried jointly, as it was a cooperative operation," Prossnitz said. Richardo Marquez will be transferred from juvenile detention on Wednesday, when he is expected to be arraigned.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Renegade Jurors (Three letters to the editor of the Washington Post respond to the newspaper's recent one-sided articles on jury nullification.) Date: Sat, 27 Feb 1999 12:17:38 -0700 (MST) From: Jury Rights Project (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Jury Rights Project (email@example.com) Subject: WP LTEs: "Renegade Jurors" (2/20, 2/27) Washington Post 1150 15th St., NW Washington, DC 20071 Phone: 202-334-6000 Fax: 202-334-5451 Web: http://www.washingtonpost.com Letters to the Editor: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Letters to the Editor Renegade Jurors Published: Saturday, February 20, 1999; Page A17 Regarding the article "In Jury Rooms, a Form of Civil Protest Grows" [front page, Feb. 9], I have this to add. Americans, especially white Americans, seem to have a short memory. Jury nullification has been around for a long time in this country. While "the people" -- or more accurately, the white people of this country -- did not begin to be concerned about this issue until after the O. J. Simpson trial, blacks have been dealing with it for hundreds of years. Until recently, no white person was convicted of killing a black person in most of the southern states of this country and in the small towns of Mississippi. "Open and shut" cases allowed defendants to walk the streets where they committed their crimes as heroes. These cases are not mentioned as an example of injustice at every opportunity, as the O. J. Simpson case is. I am happy that "the people" have realized that there is a problem with jury bias in America. With any hope, we can repair the system and allow all Americans to have the trust it takes to sit and judge a trial fairly. -- Ron Williams *** I believe Joan Biskupic's article on jury nullification shows a lack of understanding of the history of jury nullification. Your paper itself wouldn't be here if not for the jury that nullified the libel law in Peter Zenger's case in 1735, which set the precedent for freedom of the press. Likewise, jury nullification was used extensively during the days of the fugitive slave act in refusing to convict those aiding escaped slaves. Allowing the jury power to acquit despite the law has been the historical default for at least 700 years prior to this century. The government changed procedures in the 19th century after juries refused to convict union members on conspiracy charges for organizing labor unions. But even up to the past few decades, federal courts were affirming the historical right of juries to nullify unjust laws. There is no great principle preventing a judge from allowing jurors to consider both law and fact. -- Stephen Voss *** As someone who served on a jury that rejected all the evidence presented in court (and later wrote an article about it: for your paper in the April 16, 1995, Outlook section), I would like to make several comments about the Feb. 8 article on jury nullification. First, while I admit it is hard to get statistics on how many juries reject the law in reaching their verdicts, one shouldn't just look at hung juries. On my jury here in Washington, we convicted a defendant of a misdemeanor while acquitting him of a felony because several jurors refused to accept overwhelming evidence that he did, in fact, commit the second, more serious crime. I suspect such verdicts occur frequently here in the District, but, unfortunately, the U.S. Attorney's office keeps no statistics on these kinds of decisions. Second, all jury nullification cases are not equal. As a society, we need to be concerned when jurors refuse to convict people accused of violent crimes. George Washington University law professor Paul Butler urges African American jurors to acquit African American defendants charged with nonviolent crimes. I don't think that's the right approach, but, more important, I can attest from my own experience on a D.C. jury that African American jurors are not hearing his all-important qualification: only nonviolent defendants. Third, I find it inexcusable that jurors receive no instruction from judges about what to do if they encounter other jurors who refuse to follow the evidence, law or judge's instructions. Serving on a jury is tough enough. One has to try to get it right on the first -- and only -- try. To also be forced to contend with jury nullification without any guidance should be cause, in my opinion, to dismiss the judge on the case. That this is a thorny issue should not mean that those responsible for our judicial system do nothing to assist jurors. -- Phil Jones *** Re-distributed by the: Jury Rights Project (firstname.lastname@example.org) Web page: http://www.lrt.org/jrp.homepage.htm To be added to or removed from the JRP mailing list, send email with the word SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE in the title. The JRP is dedicated to educating jurors about their right to acquit people who have been accused of victmless crimes and thereby veto bad laws. We are separate and distinct from the Fully Informed Jury Association (www.fija.org), but have the same mission: more justice through better-educated jurors.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Scientists Urge Presidential Order for Marijuana Testing (A list subscriber posts a press release from the Federation of American Scientists web site saying the group today urged President Clinton to instruct the National Institutes of Health to carry out research on marijuana wherever there are prima facie indications of possible efficacy, without waiting for the Institute of Medicine to complete a study focused on a review of relevant literature.) From: FilmMakerZ@aol.com Date: Sat, 20 Feb 1999 03:01:04 EST Subject: Scientists Urge Presidential Order for Marijuana Testing http://www.fas.org/drugs/medmar.htm For immediate release Scientists Urge Presidential Order for Marijuana Testing The Federation of American Scientists today urged President Clinton to instruct the National Institutes of Health to carry out research on marijuana wherever there are "prima facie" indications of possible efficacy, without waiting for the Institute of Medicine to complete a study focused on a review of relevant literature. FAS President Jeremy J. Stone said: "Marijuana research has not taken place primarily for political reasons. It will not occur without specific instructions from the President. The secondary reason for the shortage of scientific research lies in certain cannabis related difficulties in designing appropriate experiments. But we have no doubt that these experiments can be developed if NIH is instructed to try. The least important function is to search the literature. In fact IOM should be instructed, as part of its 18-month study, to help NIH design suitable experiments." FAS is a 51 year old civic organization of natural and social scientists and engineers devoted to the proper use of science and to global security. Sponsored by 45 Nobel Prize winners, FAS works on a wide range of science and society issues. for more information contact Jeremy J. Stone (202) 546-3300 *** Marijuana Research Requires Presidential Instruction to NIH The Federation of American Scientists calls on the President to instruct the director of the National Institutes of Health to carry out research on the possible medical uses of whole cannabis (marijuana) designed to produce definitive findings, positive or negative, in every instance for which there are prima facie indications of possible efficacy. Those indications include anti-emetic effects for patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy and appetite enhancement for persons with the wasting syndrome of AIDS, the two indications for which the oral Marinol pill has already been approved. NIH should also be asked to develop and evaluate methods other than smoking for the inhaled administration of the therapeutically active chemicals in whole cannabis. Such Presidential instruction is essential to ensure that the NIH carry out the necessary research. Such research need not await completion of the 18 month research of the existing literature by the Institute of Medicine that has just been announced. And that review is, in any case, no substitute for long awaited experiments. Even if cannabis were not a controlled substance, it would fare poorly under the current drug research and approval regime, which is why Presidential direction is essential. As a crude plant substance containing a mixture of active agents, and even more as something taken by smoking, it does not fit the profile of a pharmaceutical: it resembles, rather, a folk remedy. Its natural variability and the patient-to-patient variability in how it is smoked makes carefully controlled research difficult, and its strong psychoactivity makes "double-blind" technique (where neither researcher nor subject knows whether the real drug or an inert placebo is being administered) virtually impossible. In any case, no scientist's career will be advanced by carefully measuring whether inhaling the vapor from plant material has fewer side-effects than swallowing a pill containing one of its active agents, and research directed at that question will receive low scores in the NIH peer-review process. For most drugs, the incentive to do research comes from the pharmaceutical companies who hope to profit from being able to market them under patent protection. However, cannabis cannot be patented, and no corporation has the financial incentive to perform the millions of dollars' worth of experimentation required for FDA approval of a new drug. Lawsuits and legislative efforts to "reschedule" cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act ("no medical utility" and therefore banned entirely) to Schedule II (recognized medical use but high abuse potential and therefore available but under tight regulation) would not resolve the problem. As long as it is a controlled substance, it is available only from a pharmacy by prescription and its manufacture requires a Federal license; but until it is approved by FDA, no license to produce it will be forthcoming and no pharmacy will be allowed to carry it. Only medical research will be able to make the drug legally available to patients, if it passes the FDA's strict tests. Despite its disadvantages as a research topic and commercial venture, whole cannabis may turn out to have considerable clinical utility. To find out, there will have to be a concerted research effort. The benefits to patients, should cannabis be found safe and effective for one or more conditions, are obvious. But with tens of thousands of persons in the United States using marijuana because they believe that it has medicinal value, such an effort would be worth its costs even if all of its findings were negative. The President should also instruct the NIH and the Food and Drug Administration to make efforts to enroll seriously ill patients whose physicians believe that whole cannabis would be helpful to their conditions in clinical trials, both to allow data-gathering and to provide an alternative to the black market while scientific questions about the possible utility of cannabis are resolved. FAS Executive Committee. *** BACKGROUND While the primary active agent in marijuana, delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is legally available in capsule form, the plant material itself has no approved medical application. THC has been approved for treatment of the nausea and vomiting that are frequent side-effects of cancer chemotherapy and for appetite enhancement for persons with AIDS, who often suffer from weight loss as a result of lack of appetite. But oral administration is lower-acting and less predictable in its effects than inhalation, and some patients find the pure THC to be more psychologically disconcerting than using the plant material; one published paper provides evidence that while THC itself tends to induce anxiety, while another chemical present in marijuana, cannabidiol, tends to relieve it. In addition, the legal capsules are substantially more expensive dose for dose than black-market marijuana. Against this must be weighed the risks of inhalation: imprecision as to dose due both to natural variation in the plant material and patient-to-patient variation in inhalation technique, and the general risks of smoking anything. (Cannabis smoke contains much the same mix of toxic and carcinogenic chemicals as tobacco smoke.) While it is possible to volatilize the active chemicals in cannabis without burning the plant matrix (by supplying heat externally), there are no published studies of methods of doing so or their side-effect profiles. In a study of oncologists (cancer specialists) conducted in 1990, more than 40% of respondents reported having recommended cannabis to one or more patients, and the majority of respondents who expressed any opinion said they thought it was safe and effective as an anti-nausea agent. The extent to which the subsequent introduction of other new compounds for that purpose might have changed those opinions is unknown. There have been claims, based on patient reports, that marijuana is helpful in the management of migraine headaches and in relieving the muscle spasm that often accompanies multiple sclerosis and paralysis due to spinal cord injuries. It has also been asserted to be useful for a wide range of other maladies, including glaucoma. Cannabis (the plant's botanical and medical name) was in widespread medical use during the nineteenth century, and remained in the United States Pharmacopoeia until its effective prohibition by the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937. A small number of patients receive marijuana from the Federal government under what is called the "compassionate IND" program, but that program was closed to new participants in 1991. One research protocol that planned to compare smoked whole cannabis with oral THC in AIDS patients has been stalled for two years. After securing private funding and receiving all of the required approvals from a human subjects committee, the California Research Advisory Panel (a state body that regulates all research with forbidden substances), and the Food and Drug Administration, the researchers have been unable to acquire cannabis legally. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) refuses to supply any of the cannabis it purchases from the one legal supplier of the drug for research, and that supplier (part of the University of Mississippi) refuses to sell to anyone but NIDA. NIDA officials based their refusal on scientific grounds, including the study's small sample size: something the California Research Advisory Panel had insisted on as a condition of approving the study. The result amounts to governmental censorship of scientific investigation. NIDA's role in supporting the drug abuse prevention effort creates a conflict of interest when it is given authority to approve or forbid research that might lead to changes in attitudes about currently banned drugs. Regrettably, the issue of the potential medical uses of cannabis has been caught up in the larger debate over policies toward the non-medical use of the drug.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Corrections Corporation of America profits (A list subscriber posts an excerpt from the Joshua Report showing the stock of the private prison business has increased from $8 in 1992 to $30 in 1996. State legislator Kevin Mannix of Oregon has issued an invitation to Nike to shift its operations from Indonesia to his state. At 17 cents per hour, "We could offer competitive prison labor," says Mannix. The drug war is good for business. Invest your son.) From: "Stormy Ray" (email@example.com) To: "dpfor" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DPFOR: Thought you should see this Date: Sat, 20 Feb 1999 12:20:48 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ From the Joshua Report "...the kingpin of jailing for dollars, the Corrections Corporations of America, has seen its stock value soar from $8 Per share in 1992 to $30 in 1996, with an 81% increase in revenue in 1995 alone. Other prison-for- profit outfits have seen similar increases, including Wackenhut, which is now listed among Forbes' top 200 small businesses. All told, private prisons have seen their 'market share' grow from five prisons in 1987 to over 100 as of this issue...Private prisons have resorted to imposing tougher disciplinary standards (like making it harder to get time off for good behavior') and mishandling or losing parole papers and forcing inmatesto stay beyond their release dates in order to maintain the requisite 90-95% occupancy rate to avoid, as Prudential Securities has said, 'low occupancy... a drag on profits.' "Prisons have proven such a good source of cheap labor, corporations are flocking to the jailhouse to maximize profits...The tactic has proven so lucrative that a U.S. company operating in Mexico closed down its operations and moved them to San Quentin, while another firm dumped 150 workers in Texas and set up shop in a private prison in Lockhart, where prisoners now assemble circuit boards for such outfits as IBM and COMPAQ. State legislator Kevin Mannix of Oregon has issued an invitation to Nike to shift its operations from Indonesia to his state. "We could offer competitive prison labor,' says Mannix. How competitive? Pay scales, which may run as high as $400 per month 'take home' in government prisons, are as low as 17 cents per hour in private prisons. Pay rates at the CCA prisons max out at 50 cents per hour for 'highly-skilled labor.' Such Financial rewards don't go far in the private canteens, where the buy-low, sell-high axiom of the free market abounds. Inmates in a CCA-run facility in Florida complain of $2.50 charges for phone calls, and exorbitant prices for necessities such as soap, toothpaste, toothbrushes, and clothing, which are provided to inmates at government-run prisons...large-scale investors too, capitalizing on hard times, are buying in big. Among their celebrated names backing the prison business are American Express, General Electric, Goldman Sachs & Co., and Merrill Lynch, Smith & Barney. High-tech firms are scrambling to move items like monitoring systems which bar code prisoners, while AT&T hustles to get a lock on the prison communication business. "The social cost? Former correction officer Jerome Miller estimates that the 'American gulag' system will house between three and five million inmates in the next 15 years, composed mostly of African-American men. *** God Bless, Stormy Oregon Medical Marijuana Act Chief Petitioner -Stormy Ray 541) 889-3876 715 Canyon 2 Rd. Ontario, OR 97914 -------------------------------------------------------------------
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