------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheriff's deputies follow tip to drug lab (An Oregonian article about the bust of a methamphetamine lab Friday in a Southeast Portland apartment - the 11th such investigation this year - quotes Sgt. Lane Sawyer of the special investigations unit making false claims that "Methamphetamine is our fastest-growing threat" and that "Meth is the No. 1 drug of choice in Multnomah County.") Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Sat, Mar 27 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: email@example.com Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: no byline Sheriff's deputies follow tip to drug lab From staff reports Multnomah County sheriff's deputies found a methamphetamine lab early Friday morning in a Southeast Portland apartment after receiving an anonymous tip. Micah Taylor Nordstrom, 18, of Portland was arrested on accusations of possession, distribution and manufacturing of a controlled substance. Deputies found a working drug lab in the bathroom of his apartment at 7606 S.E. Flavel St., said Barbara Simon, a sheriff's office spokeswoman. Nordstrom was sent to the Justice Center jail. The apartment has been deemed a hazardous drug site and unfit for habitation, Simon said. According to the sheriff's office, this is the 11th methamphetamine lab investigation so far in 1999, compared with 18 in all of 1998. "Methamphetamine is our fastest-growing threat," said Sgt. Lane Sawyer of the special investigations unit. "Meth is the No. 1 drug of choice in Multnomah County."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gold Hill's police chief faces charges of assault, coercion (The Oregonian says David Crawford has been indicted in Jackson County on assault and coercion charges for allegedly roughing up a dirt-biker and threatening to arrest him for drunken driving if he complained. Chief Crawford already faces trial April 22 on two unrelated charges of coercion after an elderly Shady Cove couple complained that he threatened to burn down their home if they reported a July 1996 incident of road rage.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Sat, Mar 27 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Beth Quinn, Correspondent, The Oregonian Gold Hill's police chief faces charges of assault, coercion * Jackson County brings the charges after the law enforcement officer allegedly roughed up and threatened a motorcycle rider Gold Hill's police chief has been indicted on assault and coercion charges for allegedly roughing up a dirt-biker and threatening arrest if he complained. Police Chief David Crawford, 41, already faces trial April 22 on two unrelated charges of coercion after an elderly Shady Cove couple complained that he threatened to burn down their house if they reported a July 1996 incident of road rage. Interim Gold Hill Mayor Hy Klaus said the City Council would review the situation at an emergency session next week. "We're holding an executive session with our lawyer and will follow his direction," he said. "Gold Hill (city policy) does have a clause stating that you can't be convicted of a crime." The new charges filed by Jackson County District Attorney Mark Huddleston came just three days after the City Council decided on a 4-1 vote to retain Gold Hill's scandal-plagued police department at least through June 30, 2001. No decision was made at that meeting about Crawford's contract, which expires on June 30. Crawford could not be reached for comment. His attorney, Michael Jewett, was away from the office until Monday. Huddleston said the new misdemeanor charges of official misconduct, assault, harassment and two counts of coercion stem from a Jan. 2 incident in which Crawford allegedly used excessive force while arresting a motorcyclist, Chris Brooks, after a chase alongside railroad tracks. Crawford cited Brooks, 29, for several traffic violations and then threatened to arrest him for drunken driving and attempting to elude a police officer if he filed a complaint, Huddleston said, declining to detail the excessive-force allegations. Brooks could not be reached for comment. Lisa Brooks, however, said Crawford kicked her husband and slammed his head against the hood of his patrol car. "He wasn't even trying to elude," she said. "Crawford was following him at high speed, and he was afraid of getting run over." Crawford became chief in 1997 after then-Chief Katie Holmboe was fired amid allegations of a variety of improper actions. Some residents of this town of 1,240 rallied to Crawford's defense when charges against him first were made public, but others began a petition drive in support of hiring a Jackson County sheriff's deputy to provide police protection. Klaus said the City Council might want to re-examine the decision to retain a city police department in light of the most recent charges against Crawford but emphasized that the embattled chief had not been convicted of any crime. "We want to give him every opportunity to have his side, too," he said. The Associated Press contributed to this report. Do you have news of Jackson, Josephine or southern Klamath counties? You can reach Beth Quinn at 541-474-5926 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Roseburg doctor faces penalty on pain control (The Oregonian says the Oregon Board of Medical Examiners intends to discipline Dr. Paul A. Bilder for failing to give six seriously ill or dying patients adequate pain medication.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Sat, Mar 27 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Erin Hoover Barnett of The Oregonian staff Roseburg doctor faces penalty on pain control * The state medical board says Dr. Paul A. Bilder failed to give seriously ill or dying patients adequate medication The Oregon Board of Medical Examiners intends to discipline a Roseburg doctor for failing to give six seriously ill or dying patients adequate pain medication. The case, detailed in a March board order, sends a message that in an era of heightened focus on pain control, the board is as concerned about undertreatment as it is about overtreatment of pain. "In the area of pain medication, it's important for physicians to stay current and be addressing these needs for patients," said Kathleen Haley, executive director of the state board. The board accuses Dr. Paul A. Bilder, a 54-year-old pulmonary disease specialist, of unprofessional or dishonorable conduct and gross or repeated acts of negligence. Between 1993 and 1998, according to the March 19 board order, Bilder: * Treated an elderly man who was dying of cancer and in pain with "substantially inadequate amounts of pain medication," contrary to a hospice nurse's request for stronger pain drugs and anti-anxiety medication. He also refused a hospice nurse's request to give the man a urinary catheter. Bilder told the board he thought the catheter would cause infection. The patient died of his cancer three weeks later. * Ordered removal of a urinary catheter from a dying and incontinent cancer patient, against the wishes of the patient and family. Bilder told the hospice nurse to use diapers instead. Bilder ordered .25 milligrams of the pain drug Roxanol every four hours, a small fraction of the amount the hospice nurse suggested, and Tylenol for high fever. He believed the nurse's request for additional pain drugs was excessive. The patient died that evening. * Stopped giving sedatives and pain medication to a 35-year-old woman with pulmonary disease while she was on a mechanical ventilator at Mercy Medical Center in Roseburg. He ordered a paralytic agent, which relaxes the breathing muscles to accommodate the breathing tube, without the use of sedatives. (Sedatives are often used to combat panic from having the breathing tube in the throat.) Bilder refused to put her back on pain medication or sedatives later that day when the woman became restless and fought her ventilator. The woman subsequently pulled out her breathing tube. Bilder was asked to return to reinstall it. He did not respond in time, and an emergency room physician performed the task instead. * Refused a nurse's request to give morphine to treat anxiety in a 63-year-old woman with pulmonary disease and diabetes who was put on a ventilator at Mercy Medical Center because of acute respiratory failure. Bilder ordered paralytic agents only. * Refused morphine or other pain medication for a hospitalized 82-year-old patient with congestive heart failure. The patient told a nurse, "I just can't breathe, and I'm getting tired." The patient became increasingly agitated, and his breathing and heart rates increased. Bilder ordered Lasix, a diuretic. The patient's symptoms continued, but Bilder again refused to give morphine. The patient was subsequently treated and stabilized by another physician and left the hospital several days later. * Failed to give a 33-year-old pneumonia patient narcotic painkillers or anxiety medication while installing a breathing tube through the patient's nose. The medical staff made multiple attempts to get the tube in, causing the patient's nose to bleed. The staff had to restrain the patient to complete the procedure. Bilder declined to comment on his case before the board. He has 21 days from when he received the board order this week to decide whether he would like a hearings officer to review the case. If so, the board will wait for the hearings officer's report before deciding on disciplinary action. Disciplinary action could range from a reprimand to revocation of Bilder's medical license. In cases involving a doctor's knowledge in a particular area, the board often recommends additional training and counseling. Bilder, who was first licensed as a physician in Oregon in 1976, has no previous disciplinary history with the board. The Oregon Board of Medical Examiners has made it a point in recent years to educate doctors about the need for adequate but appropriate pain control. Board officials speak on the topic at medical conferences and served on a statewide task force on pain issues. The board's new approach is in contrast to its hard-line treatment of doctors who overprescribed narcotic painkillers in the past, particularly in the 1980s during the national "War on Drugs." Bilder's case is the first time in recent memory that the board has gotten a complaint about undertreatment of pain, Haley said. The issue of adequate pain control came to the forefront with a national study, published in 1989, that showed that more than half of seriously ill and hospitalized patients die in pain. In recent years, the debate over physician-assisted suicide has pushed the medical community to do a better job with pain control in an effort to dissuade patients from wanting to end their lives. You can reach Erin Hoover Barnett at 503-294-5011 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- A Kilo Of Cocaine Hits The Streets, Courtesy Of The Police Department (The Charlotte Observer, in North Carolina, notes undercover prohibition agents in Bellevue, Washington, who allegedly sold 2.2 pounds of cocaine to a would-be dealer arrested him and kept his $17,000 - but failed to retrieve the cocaine. Unfortunately, the newspaper doesn't bother to explain how police can sell controlled substances on the street under a controversial clause in the Controlled Substances Act.) Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 10:42:36 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: A Kilo Of Cocaine Hits The Streets, Courtesy Of The Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 Source: Charlotte Observer (NC) Copyright: 1999 The Charlotte Observer Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.charlotte.com/observer/ A KILO OF COCAINE HITS THE STREETS, COURTESY OF THE POLICE DEPARTMENT -- In a sort of drug-bust-in-reverse, police let a suspected dealer get away with $17,000 in cocaine they supplied. U.S. marshals arrested the suspect, Timothy Meadows, 45, last week. But the cocaine is missing. The incident occurred Jan. 15, when an undercover officer met a man in a parking lot and sold him a kilo, or 2.2 pounds, of the drug. Twenty officers were watching, waiting to move in. But the officers had radio trouble, and no one saw the exchange well, a source told the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. The suspect left in a car. Two backup officers from Bellevue pursued the man but ended the chase for safety reasons. Meadows said he threw away the cocaine during the chase. Detectives and dogs scoured the area but never found it.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Lockyer: U.S. Will End Push For Nuke Dump At Desert Site (The Sacramento Bee says the White House drug czar, General Barry McCaffrey, threatened California Attorney General Bill Lockyer with arrest Friday when Lockyer told McCaffrey that state law authorizes him to conduct certain marijuana-related research.) Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 21:35:44 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: MMJ: Lockyer: U.S. Will End Push For Nuke Dump At Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: 27 Mar 1999 Source: Sacramento Bee (CA) Copyright: 1999 The Sacramento Bee Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: P.O.Box 15779, Sacramento, CA 95852 Feedback: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html Website: http://www.sacbee.com/ Forum: http://www.sacbee.com/voices/voices_forum.html Author: Stephen Green, Bee Capitol Bureau Note: The meat is in the last four paragraphs LOCKYER: U.S. WILL END PUSH FOR NUKE DUMP AT DESERT SITE Decision on Ward Valley plan no surprise In another blow to backers of the proposed Ward Valley nuclear waste dump, state Attorney General Bill Lockyer said Friday the federal government is ready to bow out of its long-running dispute with California government over the Mojave Desert site. Lockyer said the decision, which was not unexpected, was disclosed during a meeting he held this week with U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt in Washington, D.C. The development means that Gov. Gray Davis, who has long opposed the Ward Valley dump, will have more control over its fate. Federal officials "will not continue to fight future California efforts to achieve a good-government solution (to the waste problem)," Lockyer said in a conference call with reporters. The site, on U.S. Bureau of Land Management acreage southwest of Needles, has been controversial since it was proposed in 1985 as a repository for low-level wastes generated by hospitals and research centers. In 1993, on the last day of President Bush's administration, 1,000 acres was transferred to the state for a dump. Babbitt's first act as incoming interior secretary for President Clinton was to rescind the land shift. Former Gov. Pete Wilson and U.S. Ecology Inc., which has a contract to develop the dump, filed suits seeking transfer of the property and recovery of alleged losses caused by the delays. At the same time, environmental groups have fought the siting process, claiming the dump could contaminate portions of Southern California's water supply. Native Americans, concerned about potential desecration of sacred lands, also joined the fray. When Davis and U.S. Sen. Barbara Boxer, also a long-time critic of the site, won their elections last fall, it was widely seen as the death knell for the project. Davis said earlier this week that he is reconsidering the state's role in the lawsuits. Joe Nagle, president of American Ecology, U.S. Ecology's parent company, said Friday he hadn't been advised of Babbitt's decision, but doubted that the federal government could simply walk away from the controversy since U.S. Ecology has a license to develop the site. "I hope the three parties can sit down and have a reasonable discussion of options." But Mike Paparian of the Sierra Club said "most observers felt (the project) had been dead for some time. It was just a question of what exit strategy will be used." California remains under federal mandate to create a safe repository for low-level nuclear waste. Agencies generating such waste currently store it on site or ship it to a South Carolina waste dump. Lockyer expressed confidence Friday that a safe repository can be built elsewhere. Paparian said the governor has several options, including convening a panel of scientists to recommend a site. Lockyer also met in Washington with U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno and White House drug czar Barry R. McCaffrey, to discuss California's Proposition 215, which legalized marijuana for medical uses. "Both were very clear that medical marijuana use violates federal law," Lockyer said, and McCaffrey added that a massive research effort is needed to determine if marijuana has any medical value. Lockyer said he told McCaffrey that state law authorizes him to conduct certain marijuana-related research. But McCaffrey told Lockyer he'd be violating federal law and risking arrest if he did so. In the short term, Lockyer said, there will be no change in federal policy and California's law should be improved so solid statutes are in place if and when the federal government recognizes it. *** Date: Sun, 28 Mar 1999 15:49:50 -0800 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Dale Gieringer) Subject: DPFCA: McCafrey to Lockyer - conduct research get arrested Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ >From: R1OBERT@aol.com >Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 14:22:04 EST > [snip] Note from Jim Gonzalez: FYI -- I ran into the Attorney General at the Demo State Convention today and he told me that that in fact General McCaffrey did state to him that any state research/distribution programs as described by Lockyer would be in violation of federal law and he would arrest him (i.e. Lockyer). Also, AG Lockyer said that McCaffrey expressed the belief that less than three hundred people in America were really for medical marijuana and they were being led by Soros, Zimmerman, and Zimmer. We really need to impress on top federal policymakers that the next so-called drug czar needs to be a medical professional not a military-police type like General McCaffery. *** Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // email@example.com 2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114 *** Date: Tue, 30 Mar 1999 15:59:01 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org From: R Givens (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: Lockyer threatened with arrest for upholding California law With one breath, McC demands "massive research" and with the next he threatens the first person who offers to do some of that research. McC demonstrates the same brand of integrity that made Harry Anslinger so effective in preventing any truth from creeping into our drug policies. The thing that's missing from the IOM study and the narcomaniac response is - INTEGRITY! R Givens
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Focus Alert No. 103 - Califano in the Wall Street Journal (DrugSense asks you to write a letter to the editor of the business daily in New York to rebut the op-ed defending the "gateway" myth by Joe Califano of CASA.) Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 10:57:26 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Focus Alert Wall Street Journal Califano DrugSense FOCUS Alert #103 March 23, 1999 If Joe Califano flogs a dead horse, is that a gateway to other animal cruelty? TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, DONATE, VOLUNTEER TO HELP OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS PLEASE SEE THE INFORMATION AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS FOCUS ALERT *** PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE *** DrugSense FOCUS Alert #103 March 23, 1999 Like most scientific studies, the Institute of Medicine's recent report on medical marijuana dismissed the notion that marijuana is a "gateway" drug leading to the use of other drugs. The gateway idea ignores one of the most fundamental principles of logic - that correlation does not equal causation. Virtually everyone who ever used heroin also drank a caffienated beverage at some time, but there is no reason to suspect that the caffeine led directly, or indirectly, to the heroin use. Of course, the fundamental principles of logic are frequently lost on drug warriors, as Joe Califano proved in an oped piece for the Wall Street Journal this week. Califano clings to the gateway theory like a life jacket as he watches other efforts to demonize medical marijuana swept away by an ocean of facts. A close reading of his opinions reveals he cannot overcome basic logic, but he tries his best to use scary statistics and quotations out of context to justify the cruel denial of effective medicine. At one point, Califano actually uses a quote from the IOM report indicating that it is the *prohibition* of marijuana that leads some users from that illegal market into illegal markets for more dangerous drugs, though he refuses to acknowledge that prohibition is the problem, not marijuana. Please write a letter to inform Califano that no one is fooled by his twisted logic, and that inhuman cruelty is inhuman cruelty no matter how it is justified. Thanks for your effort and support. WRITE A LETTER TODAY It's not what others do it's what YOU do *** PLEASE SEND US A COPY OF YOUR LETTER OR TELL US WHAT YOU DID ( Letter, Phone, fax etc.) Please post a copy your letter or report your action to the MAPTalk list if you are subscribed, or by E-mailing a copy directly to MGreer@mapinc.org Your letter will then be forwarded to the list with so others can learn from your efforts and be motivated to follow suit This is VERY IMPORTANT as it is the only way we have of gauging our impact and effectiveness. *** CONTACT INFO The Wall Street Journal 200 Liberty Street New York, NY 10281 212 416-2000 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.wsj.com/ *** ORIGINAL ARTICLE *** Pubdate: Fri, 26 Mar 1999 Source: Wall Street Journal (NY) Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: JOSEPH A. CALIFANO JR. THE GRASS ROOTS OF TEEN DRUG ABUSE [snipped to avoid duplication. Follow the link. - ed.] *** ADDITIONAL INFO to help you in your letter writing efforts 3 Tips for Letter Writers http://www.mapinc.org/3tips.htm Letter Writers Style Guide http://www.mapinc.org/style.htm *** SAMPLE LETTER (SENT) To the editor of the Wall Street Journal: Some ideas are like the fictional Jason, who inspired "Friday the 13" and multiple sequels; they simply cannot be killed. Clearly, the "gateway" canard, invented by Harry Anslinger and defended by Joe Califano (WSJ, March 26), falls into that category. Anslinger was nothing if not inventive; the effects of Cannabis were so universally unknown in the mid Thirties he was able to claim (successfully) that it provokes casual users to murderous rage. Nowadays, thanks to the success of the criminal market he campaigned for, that idea would be hooted right off the stage. Gateway and numerous sons of gateway have proven far more durable than "reefer madness;" probably because there is a strong correlation (acknowledged in the IOM report) between use of tobacco, alcohol, Cannabis and other drugs. This is the obverse of Mr. Califano's other nugget: people who haven't used any drugs at all by age 21 are unlikely to do so. Duh. Perhaps the most reasonable interpretation of his tortured "data" is that some people are much more likely to use drugs than others, a tendency usually expressed during their teen years. Unfortunately for Mr. Califano's purposes, that interpretation could hardly justify arresting 700 000 people a year in a futile attempt to shut one gateway while allowing two others to gape invitingly. Tom O'Connell. MD 195 Warren Road San Mateo, CA 94401 (650) 348-6841 IMPORTANT: Always include your address and telephone number. *** Prepared by Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) DrugSense FOCUS Alert Specialist *** TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS: Please utilize the following URLs http://www.drugsense.org/hurry.htm http://www.drugsense.org/unsub.htm We wish to thank all our contributors, editors, Newshawks and letter writing activists. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to email@example.com *** NOW YOU CAN DONATE TO DRUGSENSE ONLINE AND IT'S TAX DEDUCTIBLE DrugSense provides many services to at no charge BUT THEY ARE NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort visit our convenient donation web site at http://www.drugsense.org/donate.htm -OR- Mail in your contribution. Make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc. d/b/a DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ *** Just DO It!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Prison Terms Change Crime Fighters (According to the Associated Press, three former high-profile public officials who were once proud to show how tough they were on crime spoke at a meeting Saturday of Families Against Mandatory Minimums in Arlington, Virginia. Webster Hubbell, a former associate attorney general in the U.S. Justice Department; former Pennsylvania Attorney General Ernie Preate Jr., and former California Republican leader Pat Nolan said they discovered the humanity of the prison population and the error of their crime-fighting ways when they became prisoners themselves. Preate said "we're on a collision course with social catastrophe" unless more is done to rehabilitate criminals and find alternatives to prison for the 65 percent of inmates locked up for nonviolent crime.) Date: Sun, 28 Mar 1999 07:39:13 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US VA: Wire: Prison Terms Change Crime Fighters Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press Author: Calvin Woodward, Associated Press Writer PRISON TERMS CHANGE CRIME FIGHTERS ARLINGTON, Va. - They were high public officials, tough on crime, but they say they discovered the humanity of the prison population and the error of their crime-fighting ways when they became prisoners themselves. "If we could get every public official in prison for a few months, the policy would change greatly," said Webster Hubbell, once associate attorney general in the Justice Department, now an ex-con from the Whitewater affair facing still more legal jeopardy. Former Pennsylvania Attorney General Ernie Preate Jr. and former California Republican leader Pat Nolan joined Hubbell at a meeting Saturday of Families Against Mandatory Minimums, representing family members serving long prison terms set during a wave of legislative efforts to crack down on crime. Preate, once a hard-nosed advocate of mandatory sentences, spent a year in federal prison for mail fraud and emerged in 1996 with the belief that not only was his crime wrong, but so had been his treatment of criminals. "I was the quintessential prosecutor," he said. "My specialty was death penalty work." Now, he said, "we're on a collision course with social catastrophe" unless more is done to rehabilitate criminals and find alternatives to prison for the 65 percent of inmates locked up for nonviolent crime. Nolan saw his career in the California assembly turn to dust when he was convicted of racketeering and sent to federal prison for 29 months and a halfway house for four. He recalled his cold response as a lawmaker when he was asked to support workers' compensation coverage for prisoners and how his attitude changed after he landed in a cell with a young drug criminal, a writer of bogus checks, a leader of the Los Angeles riots and a member of the Hell's Angels. "These were my brothers," he said. "For the first time I saw them as human beings." Hubbell, a former law partner of Hillary Rodham Clinton, spent 21 months in federal custody, some of it in a halfway house, for tax evasion and mail fraud. Still subject to more charges arising from independent counsel Kenneth Starr's Whitewater investigation, he was circumspect. "Using the criminal process for political purposes is wrong," he said, explaining he was not talking about his case specifically. Asked by one of the many sympathetic members of the audience whether Starr should be criminally investigated, he said pointedly: "I don't want any more investigations." A federal appeals court reinstated a tax evasion case against Hubbell in January, stemming from hundreds of thousands of dollars paid to him by friends of the Clintons in 1994 after he left the Justice Department. Starr theorized the payments were meant to keep Hubbell quiet during the Whitewater probe. The three fallen public figures at the conference were not subjected to mandatory sentences, a device used more for drug and gun offenses than white-collar crime, and their incarceration was more comfortable than that experienced by people doing hard time. He faulted himself for not doing enough while in the Justice Department to stand against the tide moving in favor of tougher sentences and an expanded list of federal crimes. Congress and many states have enacted laws requiring minimum sentences since mandatory terms began coming into favor in the 1970s, but legal experts say a move to revert is growing. Michigan last year relaxed a law that mandated life in prison, with no parole, for anyone delivering, or intending to deliver, 650 grams, about 1.4 pounds, of cocaine or heroin.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Teacher Busted For Pot (UPI says Kaye Seymour, 44, was busted at Ravenswood Middle School in Orlando, Florida, for having marijuana in her car after a suspicious principal called police.) Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 12:51:10 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: Wire: Teacher Busted For Pot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1999 United Press International TEACHER BUSTED FOR POT ORLANDO, Fla. - An Orange County teacher was arrested on marijuana possession charges at work Friday morning. The principal of Ravenswood Middle School called police because of suspicions 44-year-old Kaye Seymour was smoking the illegal weed. Police say they found three grams of pot and a pipe for smoking it in her car. She is charged with possession of drugs on school property and possession of drug paraphernalia.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re: Water pistols with bong water to fool drug sniffing dogs (A list subscriber shares a recycling tip.) Date: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 10:07:29 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Keith Brilhart (email@example.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: Water pistols w/ bong water to fool drug sniffing dogs I gotta applaud the clever notion of going aroung airports, police stations, schools, and other places where drug sniffing dogs are used, squirting away with bong water (or other fragrent stuff). Now, Hal mentions that carrying something shaped like a pistol could get one in trouble. A friend's 4-year-old son has these great little water squirters shaped like dolphins, sea horses, and other stuff. They're really cute, fully made of plastic, and can hold enough water to do quite a few squirts. Another idea (but more problematic) I picked up on an old classic movie "The Counterfeit Traitor" (1962, William Holden, Lilli Palmer; shown Friday on AMC), was where this guy used a powder of dried blood mixed with cocaine. The dogs went nuts sniffing it and then had their olfactory nerves anaesthetised. It might also work with more commonly available topicals like benzocaine, novocaine, etc. But it would require that the powder be free to float up into the nostrils. Just an idea for the merry pranksters among us, Keith *** To subscribe, unsubscribe or switch to immediate or digest mode, please send your instructions to email@example.com. *** Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp CRRH P.O. Box 86741 Portland, OR 97286 Phone: (503) 235-4606 Fax:(503) 235-0120 Web: http://www.crrh.org/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Institute Of Medicine Says Marijuana Has Benefits (The Lancet, in Britain, summarizes the report released March 17 in the United States.) Date: Mon, 29 Mar 1999 18:58:54 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: MMJ: Institute Of Medicine Says Marijuana Has Benefits Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Sat, 27 Mar 1999 Source: Lancet, The (UK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.thelancet.com/ Author: Alicia Ault Note: From Volume 353, Number 9158 INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE SAYS MARIJUANA HAS BENEFITS On March 17 the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) said that smoking marijuana had benefits for the terminally ill, and recommended immediate development of an inhalation device to provide a safe alternative for those who needed the drug. The 11-member expert panel urged further study of the biochemical properties of the active ingredient D-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other cannabinoids, and new trials to assess potential clinical benefits. The panel also said cannabinoids stimulate the appetite, combat nausea, and might also control pain. The drug also acts as a sedative and reduces anxiety, which may itself have a therapeutic effect, they added. The main problem is the delivery mechanism--namely smoking--which may contribute to respiratory cancer. There may be other risks too, which also need to be rigorously studied, said the panel. It added that there is no evidence that marijuana is a 'gateway' to harder drugs, or that it was addictive. However, the panel's findings may end up collecting dust. The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy asked for the scientific review of risks and benefits more than a year ago. And although agreeing on the need for further study of alternatives to smoking the drug, the Office said it would not call for legalisation and instead backed out of the debate saying, "we will continue to rely on the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Director of the National Institutes of Health, and the Surgeon General on all issues related to the medical value of marijuana". Outside Washington there has been a push to legalise the medicinal use of marijuana. So far voters in six states have approved measures to do so. In November, 1998, residents in Washington DC voted on allowing medicinal use, but the results have been kept secret by a congressional order. On a federal level there is unlikely to be any approval for the drug. Federal laws banning marijuana use, or possession, supersede state mandates. Several measures were introduced in Congress last year, to specifically outlaw medicinal use. But on March 2, US Representative Barney Frank introduced a bill to let states authorise prescriptions.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Let them smoke pot (The version in Britain's New Scientist) Date: Wed, 31 Mar 1999 10:09:17 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Peter Webster (email@example.com) Subject: New Scientist: Let them smoke pot Newshawk: Peter Webster Pubdate: March 27, 1999 Source: New Scientist (UK) Page: 14 Copyright: New Scientist, RBI Limited 1999 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.newscientist.com/ Author: Nell Boyce, Washington DC LET THEM SMOKE POT A new report rejects American government policy on therapeutic cannabis MARIJUANA can treat nausea, pain, the wasting caused by AIDS and other symptoms, a controversial report paid for by the US government concludes. In November, six states legalised marijuana for medical use following referendums, but doctors generally do not recommend the drug because the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy has said that users will be arrested. In 1997, however, the drug control office commissioned a scientific review of the therapeutic uses of marijuana from the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the medical branch of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC. Its report, released last week, rejects several of the drug control office's long-held positions. The IOM found no compelling evidence that marijuana acts as a "gateway" drug that makes people more likely to take drugs such as heroin. And it does not believe that letting sick people smoke marijuana would increase use among the general public. The report recommends that if nothing else can help them, patients with debilitating symptoms should be allowed to smoke marijuana in clinical trials. However, the IOM warns that smoking is not the ideal drug-delivery system, because of the respiratory problems it can cause. "We see little future in smoked marijuana as medicine," says John Benson of the Oregon Health Sciences University School of Medicine in Portland, who cochaired the panel that wrote the report. The Office of National Drug Control Policy and the National Institutes of Health have seized on this aspect of the report, noting that clinical trials of marijuana smoking would only be done as a first step towards the development of more sophisticated cannabinoid delivery systems. Several companies are working on delivery systems similar to asthma inhalers. Patient groups have welcomed the report's positive assessment of marijuana as medicine. "All of the major myths that the government has been espousing for the past few decades to justify putting patients in jail have been shot down by this report," says Chuck Thomas of the Marijuana Policy Project in Washington DC. But some groups claim it doesn't go far enough. "In many ways it was a political compromise," says Paul Armentano of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws in Washington DC. "It gave enough cover to the administration that they could essentially take this report and do nothing." He contrasts it with a report in Britain from the House of Lords, published in November, which called for the law to be changed to allow doctors to prescribe cannabis (This Week, 14 November 1998, p 24). The British government has rejected this proposal. Armentano also argues that the IOM is naive in thinking that patients will be able to obtain marijuana through clinical trials. It took five years for Donald Abrams of the San Francisco General Hospital to get approval for one trial of marijuana in AIDS patients, he notes. Abrams says he had to play down his goal of studying the drug's medical benefits to obtain the green light. "We had to decoy our study as a safety study," he says.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Why your brain is primed for a high (New Scientist briefly summarizes the recent Nature Neuroscience article about research by scientists at the University of California at Irvine who found that cannabinoids may be effective in treating dopamine-related movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Tourette's syndrome.)Date: Wed, 31 Mar 1999 10:08:52 +0000 To: email@example.com From: Peter Webster (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: New Scientist: Why your brain is primed for a high Newshawk: Peter Webster Pubdate: March 27, 1999 Source: New Scientist (UK) Page: 14 Copyright: New Scientist, RBI Limited 1999 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.newscientist.com/ Author: Kurt Kleiner WHY YOUR BRAIN IS PRIMED FOR A HIGH THE function of brain receptors to which cannabinoid drugs bind is at last being uncovered. Neuroscientists have shown that a brain chemical that binds to the receptors modifies the effect of the neurotransmitter dopamine and so helps us to control our movements. The chemical, called anandamide, is released from a brain structure called the striatum. This also makes dopamine, and researchers led by Daniele Piomelli of the University of California at Irvine have shown that the two are released simultaneously. To find out why, Piomelli and his colleagues gave mice a chemical known to block the brain's cannabinoid receptors. At the sama time, they sirnulated a surge in dopamine levels using a drug called quinpirole, which mimics the neurotransmitter. The mice developed nervous ticks and poorly controlled movements (Nature Neuroscience, vol 2, p 358). These symptoms are similar to those of Tourette's syndrome and Parkinson's disease, which are thought to be linked to problems in the dopamine system. The involvement of anandamide may explain why some people claim marijuana can help ease the symptoms of Parkinson's. The discovery could also lead to the development of drugs to treat the disease by slowing the breakdown of anandamide. Leslie Iversen of Oxford University describes the new study as a "landmark". But Piomelli suspects the brain's caninabinoid system has several other functions still waiting to be discovered.
------------------------------------------------------------------- You're Under Arrest, And On TV (The Economist, in Britain, says the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments Wednesday in two cases that raise the question of whether media "ride-alongs" with police carrying out search or arrest warrants violate the Fourth Amendment's prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures. If the court decides to restrict the practice, many local-news and tabloid television shows will, at a stroke, be deprived of a staple subject. An amicus brief was filed by 26 media organisations.) Date: Thu, 25 Mar 1999 19:02:58 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: You're Under Arrest, And On TV Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: D. Paul Stanford http://www.crrh.org/ Pubdate: 27 March 1999 Source: Economist, The (UK) Copyright: 1999. The Economist Newspaper Limited. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.economist.com/ YOU'RE UNDER ARREST, AND ON TV JERKY camera movements, shouts, cops rushing through a darkened doorway, guns drawn. It all makes great television. "Reality-based" programming has mushroomed in America and it is easy to see why. Almost everyone comes out a winner. The police look like heroes. Journalists get a great story. TV firms get an endless stream of cheap programmes. And audiences love such in-your-face entertainment. Perhaps the only loser is the person being searched or arrested in the full glare of publicity. What if the target turns out to be innocent? On March 24th the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in two cases which ask whether media "ride-alongs" with policemen executing search or arrest warrants is a breach of the Fourth Amendment's prohibition of "unreasonable searches and seizures". If the court decides to ban or sharply restrict the practice, many local-news and tabloid TV shows will, at a stroke, be deprived of a staple subject. Lower courts have issued a series of contradictory rulings on the subject. In the two cases before the Supreme Court, for example, federal appeals courts came to diametrically opposite conclusions. In 1993 federal wildlife agents raided the Montana ranch of Paul and Erma Berger looking for evidence that Mr Berger was poisoning eagles to protect his livestock. The agents were accompanied by a CNN crew, which failed to identify itself but recorded the all-day search. In a subsequent criminal trial, Mr Berger was acquitted of violating endangered-species laws, but convicted on the lesser charge of misusing a pesticide. Nevertheless, CNN later used the footage in two environmental-news programmes. The Bergers sued the agents and CNN. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals let the lawsuit proceed, ruling that the Bergers' Fourth Amendment rights had been violated because the search had been "designed to enhance its entertainment, rather than its law-enforcement, value." In 1992 Charles and Geraldine Wilson were abruptly awakened early one morning by a team of US marshals and local policemen, accompanied by a Washington Post reporter and photographer. The police were looking for the Wilsons' son, for whom there was an outstanding arrest warrant. An enraged Mr Wilson was wrestled to the ground in his underwear in front of the reporter and photographer. Their son was not in the house. Although the photographs were never published, the Wilsons later sued the police. The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, by a 6-5 majority, granted the police officers immunity from the suit. Lawyers for the Bergers and Wilsons argue that media ride-alongs serve no useful law-enforcement purpose. Search and arrest warrants, they say, are licences limited to the police only, not a general permission for the press to observe and record freely on private property. Lawyers for the police, supported by an amicus brief from 26 media organisations, argue that ride-alongs can help law enforcement, and so should be allowed by the Fourth Amendment. By publicising the government's efforts to fight crime, they help to deter it, as well as strengthening public confidence in the police. They also deter improper behaviour by the police themselves, a greater threat to both the targets of searches and the public than media exposure. Courts should judge the reasonableness of ride-alongs on a case-by-case basis, maintain the media firms. Any blanket restriction, they say, would clash with First Amendment press freedoms and make it difficult for the public to monitor what the police do on its behalf. In the recent past the Supreme Court has been reluctant to second-guess the police on how to execute warrants, giving them ever greater latitude. But media firms are nervous. The justices could decide that entertainment is not the same as edification, requiring viewers to settle, once again, for the pretend "busts" of shows like "NYPD Blue" rather than the real thing. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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