------------------------------------------------------------------- HJM 10, the Oregon Medical Marijuana Rescheduling Memorial (A list subscriber says the resolution before the state house of representatives asking Congress to reschedule marijuana to make it available as medicine will receive a "tap-tap" hearing this week to keep it alive.) From: LawBerger@aol.com Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 13:05:33 EDT Subject: DPFOR: HJM10 (Medical Marijuana Rescheduling Memorial) To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ HJM 10 (submitted by Rep Bowman, at Voter Power's request) will reportedly receive a 'tap-tap' hearing this week. The bill will be gavelled in and out, and a public hearing will be scheduled at a later time. This formality is required to keep the bill alive, as unless a bill receives a hearing this week, it cannot be voted on this session. Lee Berger Portland
------------------------------------------------------------------- Andrea Nagy Raided (A list subscriber says the founder of the now-defunct medical marijuana dispensary in Ventura County, California, was busted by an unspecified agency today for her and her mother's 64 plants.) From: "ralph sherrow" (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Andrea Raided Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 17:29:17 PDT Today, Monday, April 19th, 1999, Andrea Nagy, of the Ventura CBC fame received a visit at 1 pm. They took her and her mom's 64 plants, along with 5-1 thousand watt lights, 1-400 watt light, sun circle, co2 & what-not, searched the home for 1 hour & left with a statement of, If we are going to file any charges, you will be notified by mail. Andrea works for the Lawyer that filed 2 or 3 law suits against local law enforcement & it could be some sort of retaliation. She feels devastated & violated. For more info or to help financially please call me @ 510-733-5414 after 10 am. Thank you. Ralph *** [Portland NORML notes: A quick search of the archives yields these links with more details about Nagy's past experiences with police in Thousand Oaks:]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Industrial Hemp Legal in North Dakota (A list subscriber forwards an unsourced press release announcing that Governor Schafer on Saturday signed HB 1428, which reportedly means "any person in this state may plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell, and buy industrial hemp." North Dakota's Senate passed HB 1428 by a vote of 44-3 on April 12. The week before the House passed the bill 86-7.)Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 15:37:40 -0700 (PDT) From: Robert Lunday (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: Industrial Hemp Legal in N. Dakota (fwd) Sender: email@example.com ---------- Forwarded message ---------- Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 16:45:41 -0400 From: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Industrial Hemp Legal in N. Dakota FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE April 19, 1999 North Dakota Becomes the First State to Legalize Industrial Hemp Bismarck, ND - On Saturday, April 17, 1999 North Dakota's Governor Schafer signed HB 1428 legalizing industrial hemp by decreeing, "any person in this state may plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell, and buy industrial hemp." On April 12, 1999 North Dakota's Senate passed industrial hemp bill HB1428 by a landslide vote of 44-3. The week before, the House passed the bill by 86-7. The Commissioner of Agriculture will now be developing regulations needed to implement the law which allows North Dakota farmers to legally grow industrial hemp. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) now must address the system of regulating industrial hemp in the U.S. To full text of the new law is located at: http://ranch.state.nd.us/LR/text/BILL_INDEX/BI1428.html For further information contact: Gov. Ed Schafer (701) 328-2200
------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. Drug Policy, Problem Need Fix (According to an editorial in the Topeka Capital-Journal by Gene Smith, Barry McCaffrey, who says he didn't ask for his job as drug czar, came to Kansas last week to promote the national drug control strategy, spending nearly an hour with the newspaper's editorial board. General McCaffrey's attempt to tone down the language of the "war on drugs" may be too late. The past several years show the already tattered Bill of Rights may have suffered permanent damage. Maybe the white-haired ex-general can find a way to both wage the drug war and preserve the Constitution. "Let us pray that he does. And that, like a physician, he first does no harm.") Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 09:35:42 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US KS: COLUMN: U.S. Drug Policy, Problem Need Fix Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: April 19, 1999 Source: Topeka Capital-Journal (KS) Copyright: 1999 The Topeka Capital-Journal Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://cjonline.com/ Author: Gene Smith, The Capital-Journal U.S. DRUG POLICY, PROBLEM NEED FIX Barry McCaffrey came to Kansas to promote the national drug control strategy last week, spending nearly an hour with The Topeka Capital-Journal's editorial board in the process. McCaffrey was a four-star Army general when he abruptly was named director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy at the beginning of President Clinton's second term. When the president announced the appointment, McCaffrey's expression was that of a man who had just learned he was the main course at a cannibal banquet. Absolutely nobody envied him, because despite a couple of bodyguards, there is more visibility than authority in being drug czar. And, in the past, much frustration. McCaffrey claims he doesn't know just why he was picked. He certainly didn't ask for it, he said, but "I took it because the president asked me -- and because my dad told me to do it." On the surface, the appointment would seem a waste of a good officer. Youngest and most-decorated four-star general in the Army, he twice earned the Distinguished Service Cross -- the Army's second-highest award for valor in action -- had been wounded in combat three times, led the "Hail Mary" dash deep into Iraq that ended the 100-hour Desert Storm ground campaign in 1991. He is the son of a lieutenant general, the father of a major and was an obvious choice for Army chief of staff. Still, the West Pointer's background and 39-year Army career clearly serve him well here, too. Placed in command of 150 Washington bureaucrats, McCaffrey set about analyzing national policy in light of the Army's near-disastrous experience with drugs in Vietnam and crafting a modified version of the successful military cure: Education by the boatload, combined with stiff penalties against transgressors. The low-key general says confidently that a 10-year program can work nationally, too, though he is careful to define success as a 3 percent user level -- half what it is today and well down from the 14.1 percent of 1979. And he is candid about the costs, pointing out the United States now has more people (1.8 million) in prison than in the military, a figure that will grow another 20 percent in the next five years. "There is no segment of American society that isn't touched," McCaffrey said, despite the popular perception drug use is a problem of young urban minorities. "It's everybody," seven out of 10 of them still employed, he said. Refreshingly, McCaffrey immediately directed his staff to lay off the "war on drugs" language. He may have been too late. The past several years show the already tattered Bill of Rights may have suffered permanent damage -- most recently from the U.S. Supreme Court, which decided 7-2 this month that a law enforcement officer who stops and searches a driver under probable cause also may search other occupants of the vehicle without their consent. It is merely the latest in a long line of transgressions. The FBI lied and used Texas National Guard helicopters and armored personnel carriers in the murderous 1993 assault on David Koresh and his followers outside Waco. Navy SEALs and other military specialists are training police SWAT (Special Weapons and Tactics) teams in several larger cities. Such teams are now so popular they are almost universal in U.S. police departments. The Department of Defense gave 600 selective-fire M-16 assault rifles to the Los Angeles Police Department last year after complaints the officers were "outgunned" by a couple of bank robbers carrying legal AK-47s and wearing body armor. Of course, responding officers armed themselves with autoloading rifles from a nearby gunshop and killed both bandits, but ... Dedicated "street crime" units (as opposed, perhaps, to traffic control?) routinely use "dynamic entry" -- breaking down doors with battering rams at 2 a.m. Without warning, of course. Government files, from tax returns to the new FBI log of gun buyers, increasingly are being used to snoop in the lives of ordinary citizens. Police are buying the latest in military technology: fifth- and sixth-generation night vision devices, heat-seeking scanners, parabolic listening devices -- often paid for off-budget from "extra" money seized from people accused (not charged) of drug offenses. Kansas state authorities use airplanes seized from private owners to search for evidence of cultivated marijuana, methamphetamine laboratories (they put out heat) and other narcotics activity. The Kansas Army National Guard used to do that, until they re-equipped with newer helicopters that are much more costly to fly. In a pinch they may do it again, anyway. Across the nation, sheriff's deputies and police officers are using a variety of unmarked cars seized from private owners accused of drug violations. It has become so commonplace no one even remarks on it. There are other abuses, but these illustrate the trend. "Recreational" narcotics are unquestionably one of the worst curses in an evil and bloody century. The need to halt their spread, rebuild families, educate the young and restore religious faith among our people is all very clear. McCaffrey says Kansas is lucky. It has only roughly half the "average" drug activity of other states -- a judgment that speaks well for Kansans and Kansas society. Still, Kansas suffers the same surge in methamphetamines as other states. The Kansas Bureau of Investigation reports activity is up sharply, while other figures show marijuana is almost keeping pace. Marijuana grows wild. Methamphetamines can be made quickly and cheaply anywhere, though the stuff is volatile, highly explosive and dangerous to make -- prompting McCaffrey to remark that the producers tend to come unwrapped within a year. The result: a dilemma. Deal with drugs or preserve our freedoms. Maybe this white-haired ex-general can find a way to do both. Let us pray that he does. And that, like a physician, he first does no harm.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rally Held In Houghton In Support Of Legalization Of Marijuana (WLUC, the NBC affiliate in Marquette, Michigan, says Michigan Tech University students associated with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws held their annual campus rally Sunday.) Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 16:12:28 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US MI: Rally Held In Houghton In Support Of Legalization Of Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Mon, 19 April 1999 Source: MSNBC (WLUC TV, Marquette, MI) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.msnbc.com/local/WLUC/ RALLY HELD IN HOUGHTON IN SUPPORT OF LEGALIZATION OF MARIJUANA Scores of Michigan Tech University Students and others in the Keweenaw came together on Sunday in support of marijuana. Pot, weed or grass no matter what you call it the growing, smoking or sale of marijuana is illegal. On Sunday, at Michigan Tech University, students involved with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws or NORML held their annual campus rally to spread the word about the drug and the benefits they claim it provides. Specifically including medicinal purposes and the various uses of hemp, a related byproduct of the marijuana plant. NORML organizers were hoping for about 400 people at the rally. Some were certainly interested in the free music and food, while others clearly showed they had no interest in what was going on. One may think activists might try to favorably compare marijuana with alcohol and tobacco, but one NORML organizer said that's not a fair comparison. He said marijuana is a safer choice. "Tobacco and alcohol are a lot more damaging as far as medical damage to the human body then marijuana is. There has never been a reported fatality due to marijuana use ever," Nick Lauer, NORML member, said. Lauer added his group has looked into sponsoring legislation to change the current prohibition against marijuana, but have not made any formal proposals. State Representative Mike Prusi said he could envision the legalization of marijuana, but only if it was heavily regulated by the government. "Maybe if they can find a way to get marijuana or the active ingredients in marijuana in the form where it could be prescribed and regulated. I think that's the route they may want to look at," Prusi said. Speaking at an unrelated function the day before, Prusi added it's unlikely for any reform act to pass in Lansing in the near future.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today (Syndicated commentator Betsy Hart writes in the Standard-Times, in New Bedford, Massachusetts, about an indictment of Ritalin in the most recent issue of the Heritage Foundation's Policy Review magazine - not a periodical most medical school libraries subscribe to. Hart emphasizes the DEA's classification of methylphenidate as a "stimulant," ignoring its role as one of the first antidepressants, and the doctors, pharmacologists and educators who could explain that, for psychiatric patients, including kids with Attention Deficit Disorder, it's not a stimulant at all. Unfortunately, Hart misses the boat by failing to endorse the sort of research that could reveal Ritalin's real hazards, for example, a longitudinal study of a representative sample of longterm users. Plus commentary from various list subscribers.)Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 00:04:47 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US MA: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 Source: Standard-Times (MA) Copyright: 1999 The Standard-Times Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com/ Author: Betsy Hart Note: Betsy Hart, a commentator on CNN and the Fox News Channel, can be reached by e-mail at: email@example.com RITALIN ABUSE IS RAMPANT IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS TODAY Most American parents probably haven't heard of the drug methylphenidate. But they should know that, according to one 1995 federal Drug Enforcement Agency background paper, the drug "is a central nervous system stimulant and shares many of the pharmacological effects of ... cocaine." And more and more typical school kids are getting hooked on it. In fact, close to four million American children are taking it under doctors' orders every day. In layman's terms it's called Ritalin -- a name many parents do recognize -- and it's routinely prescribed for a malady called Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), often loosely defined as hyperactivity. In the most recent issue of the Heritage Foundation's Policy Review magazine, consulting editor Mary Eberstadt surveys the medical and other literature on Ritalin and lays out a shocking indictment of a controversial drug whose use has more than doubled among American children just since 1990. It's certainly no mild stimulant as its advocates suggest. Among other evidence she cites a study showing that lab monkeys worked in the same fashion for Ritalin as they did for cocaine. The DEA reports that Ritalin is actually "chosen over cocaine in preference studies of non-human primates." And, she says, it's regularly abused by high schoolers in particular and has become popular among criminal entrepreneurs. Eberstadt points out that "Ritalin works on children just like cocaine and other stimulants work on adults -- sharpening the short-term attention span when the drug kicks in and producing 'valleys' when the effect wears off." Most damning, Eberstadt reports on several studies conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health showing that the physiologies of all people, regardless of whether they are diagnosed with ADD or not, respond in the same to way to such drugs as Ritalin. Their performance and attention span improves. That in turn destroys the widely accepted theory in ADD advocacy circles that "if a child responds well to Ritalin he has ADD." In fact, virtually anyone would respond well to Ritalin. What is ADD, anyway? Well, no one really knows. Advocacy groups like CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder) say it's a neurobiological disorder. But critics of Ritalin note that "there is simply no medical science to support such a claim." (Eberstadt points out that CHADD has received $900,000 over five years from Novartis, the pharmaceutical giant which manufactures Ritalin.) But it's easy to see why ADD diagnoses have exploded since the beginning of the decade. It was in 1991 that children labeled ADD could first qualify for special education services in public schools. That was just too tempting for some parents and school administrators to pass up. Other parents may think it gives their kids a competitive edge by helping them to concentrate better. Most likely, Eberstadt says, "the drug makes children do what their parents and teachers cannot get them to do without it: sit down, shut up, keep still, pay attention." Since compliance is the goal, it's no surprise that five times as many boys as girls are diagnosed with ADD and subsequently medicated, while in a different age they would have been said to have "ants in their pants." A set of questions that experienced clinicians routinely ask to diagnose ADD illustrates how supposedly widespread the malady is. The 100 questions include: "Do you have trouble getting started on things?" "Are you usually eager to try something new?" "Do you change the radio station in your car frequently?" "Do you love to travel?" I can't think of anyone I know who wouldn't be labeled as having ADD. In fact, when Eberstadt gave the entire questionnaire to 20 adults in an admittedly unscientific experiment, she found that based on their responses, almost any of her subjects could be diagnosed with ADD! Surely there are some youngsters who do need medication for serious mental disorders or hyperactivity. But there's little question that that reality has become an excuse for medicating millions of normal children simply because it makes life easier for the adults around them. A recent New York Times story on the subject opened with "'Ritalin, Ritalin, seizure drugs, Ritalin,' so goes the rhythm of noontime for a typical school nurse in East Boston as she trots her tray of brown plastic vials and paper water cups from class to class, dispensing pills into outstretched young palms." To me that sounds ominously like a scene from "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." *** Date: Fri, 23 Apr 1999 11:53:06 -0700 (PDT) To: (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Phil Smith (email@example.com) Subject: [cp] Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today At 03:24 AM 4/21/99 -0700, Floyd wrote: >This is one of the scarest posts I've ever read. I have heard rumors Kip >Kingel and a couple other school shooters were diagnosed ADD and were using >Ritalin when they went ballistic. >Does anyone have more information Kingle or the others? >I wonder if any connection can be made? > >Floyd. According to the article below, from the Portland NORML news archive, the Springfield shooter was on Prozac, an antidepressant. Date: Mon, 25 May 1998 10:57:19 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Lilly Doing Spin Control After News Oregon Shooter Took Prozac Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Uncle Hempy email@example.com Source: The Indianapolis Star Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.starnews.com Pubdate: Sat, 23 May 1998 Author: Courtenay Edelhart, staff writer LILLY DOING SPIN CONTROL AFTER NEWS OREGON SHOOTER TOOK PROZAC [snipped to avoid duplication. Follow the link - ed.] *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 02:49:39 -0800 From: Charles Rollins Jr (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Flashpoint To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) CC: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: [cp] Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: email@example.com Floyd Ritalin has been shown to cause obsessive compulsive disorders, in some people. I have some research in my Kurt Cobain section of my web page. Also I will look for a study I just got that shows brain damage in children who have taken Ritalin. The section of the brain that is damaged is the section that controls compulsions. Finally it's my personal belief that: A. Ritalin is over prescribed. There is also a New England Journal of Medicine article that came out a week or so ago that says as much. B. Though Ritalin often compounds problems the user may have. At best it's only a delaying tactic Well I will get back to you with the name of that study See ya Chuck http://www.mosquitonet.com/~chuck *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 14:10:48 -0800 From: Charles Rollins Jr (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Flashpoint To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) CC: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: email@example.com Floyd Here are the fore mentioned studies on Ritalin. Brain Damage Cortical Atrophy in Young Adults with a history of hyperactivity, Psychiatry Research, Vol 17 1986 pp 241-246 Over precribed Also JAMA April 8 1998 "Diagnosis and treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity in children and adolescents" New England Journal of Medicine March 11 1999 "treatment of attention deficit hyper active disorder" Sorry about being wrong on saying it was a few weeks go on the New England piece, it seems like a few weeks ago See ya Chuck *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 08:15:42 -0400 From: Bob Witanek (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Progressive Student News Wire Services To: Floyd F Landrath (AAL@InetArena.com) CC: EM008A_OR Cannabis Patriots List Serv (Cp@telelists.com) Subject: [cp] Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today To All: I can not answer this question but I do recommend a visit to: http://breggin.com for more on the topic of ritalin. - Bob *** Date: Thu, 22 Apr 1999 12:53:12 -0400 From: Ann McCormick (email@example.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: @Home Network To: Bill (email@example.com) CC: Floyd F Landrath (AAL@InetArena.com), (Restore@crrh.org) Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today This subject came up on another list last night. Here's a copy of my reply: Tragic, huh? And unfortunately, far too common lately. This is the 5th school shooting in under 2 years. You know what I blame it on? All this SPEED they're pumping into little kids (ritalin, dexedrine, etc..) How did we go from 'Speed Kills' in the 60s, to little kids lined up outside the nurses offices waiting for their daily 'fix'? No wonder these teens and pre-teens are flipping out. Their little brains are being fried by all these damn pharmaceutical concoctions. These kids would be better off if their parents made up some Alice B Toklas brownies and put one a day in their little lunchboxes! Seriously, I have ADD and so do all three of my kids. Todd missed the 'ritalin fad' - but when we started him on cannabis to offset the side effects of chemo, his marks shot UP and all the school 'behavior problems' (mysteriously ;-) disappeared. When Derek was in Junior High they insisted he be put on meds. I finally relented and agreed to 'give it a fair trial'. At first it seemed like a 'wonder drug' (Even I was impressed) Then, the personality changes started, and the outbursts. One night he totally 'lost it'. Tara and I raced upstairs and tried to restrain him before he hurt himself and destroyed his bedroom. He picked us both up by our shirts, one in each hand, and (literally) threw us across the room. This kid had NEVER exhibited any violent behavior, before or since. He had no memory of it afterwards. It was also the last day he took dexedrine, or ANY ADD meds. He's been fine ever since. As a baby boomer, I have to admit, as a generation we have done a lousy job of raising and educating children. Children are not 'little adults' they're CHILDREN. This world makes them grow up too fast and without the tools and maturity they need to digest it all. I hope this tragedy will wake up the clowns who are setting these destructive policies. And as an American, I deplore our foreign policy. What message is THAT 'sending the children'? If someone doesn't do what we want, we bomb them? (Curiously, they never even suggested my daughter also be put on meds... Most girls just don't 'act out' in the same way. The teachers can deal with ADD, but not ADHD, which is more characteristic of boys, unfortunately. ADD/ADHD is NOT a DISEASE. It is simply a way of being that does not require to be 'fixed' These pharmaceutical 'cures' are doing all the damage.) ann *** From: Joe Wein (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Cc: EM008O_OR CRRH_OCTA2K List Server (Restore@crrh.org), DRCTalk (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: RE: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Date: Fri, 23 Apr 1999 07:14:53 +0900 Sender: email@example.com Hi Ann, you comments were 100% on target. I can recommend one book about ritalin that thoroughly dissects the myths of ADD/ADHD as a desease and ritalin as a "mild" drug: Ritalin Nation: Rapid-fire culture and the transformation of human consciousness / Richard J DeGrandpre ISBN 0-393-04685-0 DeGrandpre points out that 80% of all ritalin worldwide is prescribed in the USA alone, that the problem of ADD/ADHD is relatively recent and that there is no compelling evidence for it having biological rather than cultural causes. He points out the many ways in which our lifestyle has become more fast-paced and our attention spans getting shortened, from the number of seconds between cuts in your average movie to efforts to "speed up" baseball. He makes a convincing case that it's our fast paced lifestyle, especially excessive exposure to commercial, multi-channel TV, that is responsible for ADD. There seems to be little difference between the pharmaceutical effects of ritalin and those of cocaine or amphetamines when consumed the same way. Ritalin, cocaine and speed are all band aids for a social problem. It's much easier to go ahead and drug millions of school kids, or to declare a pointless war on cocaine than it is to change the way our kids grow up, how we look at time, how we entertain ourselves and how we interact with each other. Best regards Joe Wein http://www.taima.org "Hemp in Japan" *** To: (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Robert Goodman (email@example.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (firstname.lastname@example.org) CC: (email@example.com), (Restore@crrh.org) Date: Thu, 22 Apr 1999 19:59:27 -500 Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today One could just as easily look at this the other way around, and say that "uppers" improve concentration in the "well" as well as in the "sick", and that therefore they should be more widely used. - RG *** From: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 11:56:38 -0700 (PDT) To: email@example.com Subject: [cp] ritalin My son was on ritalin in the early 70s and after a year I became suspicious of it and took him off of it. Everything really hit the fan then. I was pursued for years by school nurses and teachers demanding that my son - who was mildly hyper and not at all mean or dangerous - be put back on the drug, with the implication that I was a negligent parent and shouldn't be allowed to keep my child for denying him medical treatment. It was a bitch. I heard that some teacher try to get all the boys on ritalin and one teacher, while she wouldn't admit to this, did tell me that a third of her students were "brain damaged." A great deal is said about how little teachers earn, but I worked in a grade school office and I saw their checks. A nice rate of pay compared to the office help's wages, I can tell you and they get a sabbatical. Their money isn't good compared to doctors and lawyers, maybe, but you can buy a home and send your own kids to private school on it. I'm not saying this to put teachers down, either - I have known many good teachers - but I think many of them are there for the money and bennies and the only downside to the job is the small people (especially the small males - who will be boys) that they have to spend so many hours a day with. Drugged boys don't scare you with bugs and frogs. They don't throw wads of paper around or whistle loudly or do cartwheels in the hall. . . . . . For some teachers the only good boy is a drugged boy.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 N.J. State Troopers Indicted (The Associated Press says a grand jury today in Trenton, New Jersey, indicted John Hogan and James Kenna, the two cops who opened fire last April on a van on the New Jersey Turnpike containing four unarmed minority men. The two troopers were accused of falsifying records by misrepresenting the race of the motorists they had stopped and searched, and of illegally searching vehicles and occupants in the three months prior to the shooting.) Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 03:26:50 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US NJ: Wire: 2 N.J. State Troopers Indicted Troopers Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Bob Owen) Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press Author: Ralph Siegel, Associated Press 2 N.J. STATE TROOPERS INDICTED TROOPERS Hogan And Kenna Also Were Involved In A Controversial Shooting Last Year On The New Jersey Turnpike TRENTON - A state grand jury today indicted the two state troopers involved in last year's shooting on the New Jersey Turnpike on charges of misconduct for falsifying reports and for illegally searching vehicles and occupants in the three months prior to the shooting. The troopers -- John Hogan, 29, of Florence, and James Kenna, 28, of Hamilton Square -- were accused of falsifying records by misrepresenting the race of the motorists they had stopped and searched. Kenna and Hogan opened fire on a van containing four unarmed minority men last April 23. The shooting incident sparked outrage over allegations that the state police stopped the shooting victims and had stopped other motorists on the basis of their race -- a practice called "racial profiling." Acting Burlington County Prosecutor James Gerrow, who was appointed to oversee a grand jury investigation of the shooting incident, said information received during the course of that investigation led the state police to conduct a review of the patrol activities of the two troopers. The grand jury probe into the shooting incident itself is continuing, authorities said. The indictments span the activities of the two troopers from Jan. 19, 1998, to the date of the shooting. "It is a sad day when a member of law enforcement is charged with breaching the tenets of his sworn oath," said Attorney General Peter Verniero at a news conference. "But we cannot and will not tolerate any breach of the law or violations of any standard operating procedures that undermine public confidence." Hogan was named in a 19-count indictment charging two counts of official misconduct and 17 counts of falsifying or tampering with records. Kenna was named in a separate indictment charging two counts of official misconduct and eight counts of falsifying records. The troopers face up to 10 years in prison and $100,000 in fines for each of the counts of official misconduct. The falsifying records charges carry a maximum penalty of up to 18 months in prison and $7,500 in fines for each count. Both have been suspended without pay. "It is unfortunate that the alleged illegal actions of a few troopers have served to so totally undermine the overall image and effectiveness of the entire 2,700 members of the New Jersey state police," said Lt. Colonel Michael Fedorko, acting superintendent of state police. Hogan's attorney, Robert Galantucci, questioned the timing of the indictments. "I am skeptical of this indictment -- especially in light of the political landscape in New Jersey. I do note that there are nominations and elections that are pending," Galantucci said, referring to Verniero's nomination to the state Supreme Court and Gov. Whitman's interest in the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Democrat Frank Lautenberg. Galantucci declined to discuss the specifics of the indictment directly, but said Hogan had been involved in "hundreds and hundreds" of stops in his career as a trooper. "Of all of the stops and all the searches and all the seizures of millions of dollars in drugs, cocaine and crack, only one was found to be outside the constitutional limits," Galantucci said. Just a few years ago, Galantucci said, politicians were on the stump complaining about the demons of drugs and the state troopers were the foot soldiers in that war. "Now it is politically expedient to turn their backs on these guys that are on the front lines," Galantucci said. A further review of patrol activities is currently being conducted of troopers assigned to the Moorestown and Cranbury barracks of the state police, First Assistant Attorney General Paul Zoubek said. The 1998 shooting occurred in Mercer County in the southbound lanes of the turnpike near Exit 7A. The area was closed to all traffic for seven hours last week so investigators could recreate the incident. The troopers have claimed the van was backing up to strike them and hit their car. At the time of the shooting, authorities said that the troopers stopped the van for speeding and that the driver, Keyshon Moore, put the van in reverse as the troopers approached it on foot. The men said they were headed for basketball tryouts at a North Carolina college. Two black passengers and a Hispanic man were injured by the gunfire. Rayshawn S. Brown was released from a hospital two days later, and Leroy G. Grant and Danny Reyes went home from the hospital on May 6. Moore escaped injury.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DEA: Status of the proposed rescheduling of dronabinol (Jon Gettman, the former director of NORML who has been petitioning the Drug Enforcement Administration since 1995 to reschedule marijuana, based on the government's own science, shares a letter from the DEA indicating his objection to reclassifying Marinol as a Schedule 3 drug, apart from marijuana, is causing the DEA "concern" because, "by intertwining Mr. Gettman's petition with the proposed transfer of Marinol, the respective issues" have become "confused," a word Gettman would probably replace with "linked." Then the DEA has the incredible gall to imply that Gettman's objections may be harming sick people.) Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 17:30:41 -0400 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net) Subject: DEA: Status of the proposed rescheduling of dronabinol Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Trans-High Corporation, the publisher of High Times, and I have a request before the Drug Enforcement Adminstration for public hearings on the proposed rescheduling of dronabinol (Marinol), a pharmaceutical version of THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. (Available http://www.hightimes.com/ht/new/petition/index.html background information includes the full text of our December 1998 request.) Several weeks ago we received the letter below from the Drug Enforcement Administration. Trans-High and I have completed our response to the DEA's letter and will be releasing our answer within the next few days. Jon Gettman *** U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration Washington, D.C. 20537 March 31, 1999 Simone Monesebian, Esq. [Law Offices of Michael Kennedy] [Counsel for Jon Gettman and Trans-High Corporation] Dear Ms. Monnesebian: The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is in receipt of the December 4, 1998, letter submitted on behalf of Mr. Jon Gettman and the Trans-High Corporation. In that letter, Mr. Gettman requested a hearing on DEA's proposal, published in the Federal Register on November 5, 1998, to move the synthetic dronabinol product Marinol from Schedule II to Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Ace (CSA). In addition to Mr. Gettman's written request, the DEA received a number of comments supporting the proposed transfer of Marinol into Schedule III. The numerous health care professionals who filed comments in favor of DEA's proposal noted that the transfer of Marinol would permit more health care providers to meet the needs of patients who have benefited from its use. These comments urged the agency to act expeditiously to place Marinol in Schedule III. However, scheduling proceedings, including proceedings to transfer substances from one schedule to another, "shall be made on the record after opportunity for a hearing" as required by 21 U.S.C. § 811 (a). Therefore, the DEA cannot proceed with the transfer of Marinol while Mr. Gettman's request for a hearing is pending. The DEA has carefully reviewed Mr. Gettman's request, as well as his July 1995 petition to repeal the regulations placing marijuana and THC in Schedule I and dronabinol and nabilone in Schedule II of the CSA. Mr. Gettman"s positions in these filings appear somewhat inconsistent. With respect to the rulemaking currently at issue, it is not clear from your December 4, 1998 letter whether Mr. Gettman opposes Marinol's transfer to Schedule III or whether he is reiterating his desire to have the issues raised in his July 10, 1995, petition addressed. As you know, Mr. Gettman's petition has been accepted for filing by the DEA, which has already gathered the necessary data and requested a scientific and medical evaluation and scheduling recommendation from the Department of Health and human Services (21 U.S.C. § 811 (b)). Please be assured that Mr. Gettman's petition has received, and will continue to receive, the careful review to which it is entitled. The DEA is concerned, however, that by intertwining Mr. Gettman's petition with the proposed transfer of Marinol, the respective issues have become confused, which threatens to delay Marinol's transfer to Schedule III. We would ask, therefore, if Mr. Gettman would clarify his position with respect to Marinol. In clarifying his position, Mr. Gettman may conclude that his concerns regarding these issues are more appropriately addressed in connection with his July 1995 petition. In that event, Mr. Gettman may file a letter withdrawing his request for a hearing on Marinol's proposed transfer to Schedule III. The DEA would appreciate a response by May 1, 1999. Thank you for your interest in these issues. We look forward to hearing from you. Sincerely, (signed) John H. King Deputy Assistant Administrator Office of Diversion Control
------------------------------------------------------------------- Statement on Marinol (Jon Gettman and High Times magazine officially repond to the DEA's "confusion" about the relationship between Marinol - pure THC - which the DEA wants to move to Schedule 3, and marijuana, which the DEA wants to keep in Schedule 1.) Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 14:43:26 -0400 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net) Subject: Statement on Marinol Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Law Offices of Michael Kennedy 425 Park Avenue 26th Floor New York City 10022 Telephone (212) 935-4500 Telefax (212) 980-6881 April 19, 1999 STATEMENT OF JON GETTMAN AND HIGH TIMES MAGAZINE ON DEA'S PROPOSED RECLASSIFICATION OF DRONBINOL (a synthetic form of marijuana, aka Marinol) We agree with the Institute of Medicine and the DEA that marijuana has an accepted medical use. We also know that marijuana, and all cannabinoids, including Marinol, have been misclassified as Schedule I or II drugs by the DEA. We disagree with the DEA that Marinol is an adequate medical substitute for marijuana. Marinol's medical inadequacies render it inappropriate for individual classification without a reclassification of all cannabinoids. Marinol is an inadequate medical substitute for marijuana because it (the pill) must be taken orally, takes longer to take effect, the dosage cannot be controlled and those who need the medical benefits the most cannot ingest or swallow a pill due to nausea and vomiting. Marijuana is better medicine than Marinol because, when smoked, mariuana can take effect immediately, its dosage can be easily controlled and there is no need for oral ingestion. We disagree with the DEA as to the relative abuse potentials of marijuana and Marinol. To be properly included in Schedule I a substance must have a high potential for abuse. The lower the potential for abuse the lower the classification of the substance. The DEA originally classified marijuana as Schedule I based exclusively on the unproven assumption that marijuana "MAY" have a high potential for abuse. The scientific evidence is now clear that marijuana and its related cannabinoids do NOT have a high potential for abuse and, therefore, do not belong in Schedule I. A public hearing is required to insure that all cannabinoids, including Marijuana and Marinol, are properly reclassified. *** Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 14:41:39 -0400 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net) Subject: Letter to DEA: Clarification of Comments on Marinol Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Law Offices of Michael Kennedy 425 Park Avenue 26th Floor New York City 10022 Telephone (212) 935-4500 Telefax (212) 980-6881 April 19, 1999 U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration Attn: John H. King Deputy Assistant Administrator Office of Diversion Control Washington D.C. 20537 Re: Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition Dear Mr. King: In response to your letter of 31 March 1999, Petitioners desier to make their position with respect to Marinol (dronabinol) quite clear. Petitioners persist in their demand for a public hearing on the proposed reclassification of Marinol from Schedule II to Schedule III. Petitioners see no 'inconsistency" between their position in the petition and the request for a public hearing on Marinol. Petitioners do perceive an inconsistency in the DEA's proposed treatment of Marinol and its historical treatment of other canabinoids. Petitioners seek both an equitable and expeditious processing of their Petition and a public hearing on the reclassification of Marinol. The current proposal to reschedule dronabinol contradicts provisions of federal law that require that Schedule III drugs have a lower potential for abuse than Schedule I and II drugs. The July 1995 Petition includes all cannabinoids because precedent has established that the abuse potentials of marijuana, THC, dronabinol, and nabilone are similar. Dronabinol and THC are the same chemical; it is DEA's proposed rescheduling of dronabinol while retaining marijuana and THC in schedule 1 that appears inconsistent, rather than our request for a hearing on the issue. DEA notes that it has been urged to act expeditiously. The present proposal for rescheduling dronabinol is flawed; many of these flaws could be remedied by proceedings on rulemaking based on the July 1995 petition. Given the issues raised in the December 1998 comments the appropriate remedy would be for DEA to delay further action on dronabinol until such time that HHS completes its review of the July 1995 petition enabling rulemaking on the status of marijuana, THC, dronabinol, and nabilone. The DEA has long had a unique interpretation of the CSA when it comes to marijuana and cannabinoid drugs. It claims that accepted medical use is the only relevant criteria, and it has spent 27 years avoiding judicial review of its decision to maintain marijuana in Schedule 1 with no evidence or finding that marijuana has a high potential for abuse, relative to other controlled substances. The DEA now seeks to apply their flawed legal doctrine to the rescheduling of dronabinol, a substance identical to THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. On scientific grounds there is strong argument and precedent that dronabinol should be a Schedule IV substance. Hearings are required to investigate, among other issues, how DEA and HHS have determined that dronabinol does not meet schedule IV criteria, and how its abuse potential compares with other scheduled and non-cannabinoid drugs. On legal grounds DEA and HHS have made it impossible to reschedule dronabinol because of their prior mis-handling of the scheduling of marijuana and other cannabinoids. To reschedule dronabinol the government has the burden of proof to establish that dronabinol has a lower potential for abuse than Schedule I and II substances. And this burden appears impossible to meet as long as marijuana and THC are thus classified. It seems important and necessary to remind you of some critical facts. a) Dronabinol and THC are the same chemical. b) DHHS has previously determined that dronabinol and THC have the same potential for abuse. c) DHHS has previously based scheduling of cannabinoids on the premise that they have the same potential for abuse. d) Oral consumption of dronabinol produces an additional psychoactive substance not obtained by smoking marijuana. e) Blood plasma levels of dronabinol peak 2-4 hours after oral dosing. f) Dronabinol's effects have a delayed onset that is frustrating to many patients who require instant relief, thus making it difficult for patients to adjust the dose. g) Dronabinol lacks additional cannabinoids available in marijuana that mediate the side-effects of THC. h) Many individuals with experience with both dronabinol and marijuana believe that dronabinol has a higher potential for abuse than marijuana because of issues (d), (e), and (f). i) Diversion under Schedule II regulation is not an indication of possible diversion under Schedule III regulations. j) Dronabinol affects the same neural receptor system as THC and marijuana, and cessation of heavy use produces the same withdrawal symptoms. k) Nabilone, a product of the Eli Lily Company, was denied schedule III classification by DHHS because it would have been inconsistent with dronabinol's current Schedule II classification. l) DEA has decided that the abuse potential of THC is so high that minute quantities present in industrial hemp render its potential US cultivation a threat to public health. m) The proposed rule implies that synthetic substances have a lower abuse potential than their natural counterparts. n) Rescheduling synthetic dronabinol to schedule III will create a precedent that will provide its manufacturer an unfair advantage in research on the derivation of industrial raw materials from cannabis. o) While the Court of Appeals has provided for DEA to conduct preliminary determinations regarding treaty obligations, this determination is supposed to involve the calling of expert witnesses, and it is not allowed to influence the scope of the requested DHHS review. A hearing is required to establish a sufficient factual record to allow judicial review. As to the proposed rule for dronabinol, the treaty determination conducted by DEA took place at the same time as their preliminary review of the Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition to remove THC from Schedule I and II. The proposed rule states that dronabinol can be rescheduled under current US treaty obligations as long as THC remains in Schedules I or II. DEA's determination suggests that action on the Unimed petition for dronabinol and the Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition are mutually exclusive, and that the DEA intends to facilitate the scheduling of dronabinol at the expense of consideration of the scheduling of THC. Nor does the treaty determination, as reported in the Federal Register, address the federal government's obligations should THC be removed from Schedules I and II, a likely outcome in pending proceedings for which the DEA has already conceded that "significant grounds" exist for such removal. DEA has noted that the pharmacological and behavioral effects of dronabinol are comparable to those of THC, marijuana, and other cannabinoids. In other cases this has been used as a reason why similar substances have similar abuse potentials. As in the case of 4-bromo-2,5-DMPEA and similar Schedule 1 hallucinogenics, dronabinol and other active cannabinoids are structurally similar, activate the same receptor system in the brain and produce similar psychoactive effects. In the scheduling of 4-bromo these factors supporting a determination that these drugs have a similar potential for abuse. Similar arguments were used in the scheduling of Remifentanil, Sibutramine, and Modafinil. The DEA acknowledges that "there are few scientific studies that directly evaluate the pharmacological and behavioral effects of the product Marinol to indicate that there are differences in its abuse liability compared to oral THC." (63 F.R. 559751) This statement obscures the fact that Marinol is oral THC, and that dronabinol, the active ingredient in Marinol is the exact same chemical molecule as THC. The only way natural THC is available is in marijuana, and the DEA's acknolwedgement above reveals that there are few studies to support DEA's position that there is a difference between the abuse potentials of dronbinol, THC, marijuana, and nabilone. DEA must clarify its basis for giving such weight to empirical anecdotal data in its determination given DEA's acknowledgement of paltry scientific support for its position. DEA must also provide scientific documentation for its claims that differences in the onset of effects and route of administration are relevant to the assessment of abuse potential in general and to the assessments dronabinol's abuse potential in particular. In that rapid onset of effects associated with smoked marijuana is considered a benefit by patients, DEA should dexplain how its hypothesized benefits of a lower abuse potential for dronabinol compensate for this loss of medical efficacy. DEA states that "although excessive use of Marinol may result in the development of psychological dependence, there has been no evidence of such use." If the anecdotal evidence that dronabinol does not produce dependence is so strong then why hasn't DEA propose its removal from the schedules as they recommended for Fenfluramine in 1997 (62 F.R. 24620)? What is missing from the DEA justification for the rescheduling for dronabinol is a comparison of its abuse potential with that of other, non-cannbinoid, scheduled substances. For example, how does the abuse potential of dronabinol compare to other Schedule III substances, Schedule IV substances, and Schedule V substances? On a legal, factual and procedural basis these issues require judicial review preceded by administrative hearings for the purpose of establishing an appropriate and complete factual record to assist the potential review by the US Court of Appeals. In conclusion, we await your advice on the public hearing schedule for the proposed Marinol reclassification and an expected date on when you will hear back from the DHHS on its evaluation and scheduling recommendation on our Petition. Sincerely, (signed) Michael Kennedy For Petitioners
------------------------------------------------------------------- It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons (An op-ed in Newsweek by Rufus King, a Washington lawyer and perhaps the longest-active drug-policy-reformer in the United States, explains how freeing first-time drug offenders now would make economic sense.) From: email@example.com To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: ART: It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons (ineffectual drug laws a...) Date: Fri, 4 Jun 99 16:49:40 +0000 Sender: email@example.com Source: Newsweek, April 19, 1999 p10(1). Website: http://www.newsweek.com Author: Rufus King Copyright 1999 Newsweek Inc. It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons (ineffectual drug laws and penalties for offenders cost US too much) Freeing first-time offenders is the compassionate answer. It also makes good economic sense. Americans, once so kind-hearted, have become lusty punishers. Since President Nixon's "war" on crime, the public has become increasingly intolerant of wrongdoers, a group with no lobbyists or spin doctors to look out for them. In the late 1960s, America, like most of the rest of the world, forsook capital punishment. Since reviving it almost a decade later, we have executed more than 500 people. Now governors brag about the number of death warrants they sign. The U.S. prison population, 1.2 million not counting short-term jail inmates, is the largest in the Western world. A number of states are spending more on prisons than on schools, and along with the federal government are turning some of their prisoners over to private custody - so that skimping on accommodations directly boosts stockholders' dividends. Lawmakers trample one another to pose as tough crimefighters, and mandatory minimums force judges to hand out long sentences, sometimes life, automatically upon conviction. Parole programs have atrophied. The situation is aggravated by America's hysteria over drugs. Self-administered opiates (heroin and morphine) and cocaine together cause fewer than 8,500 deaths per year - compared with tobacco, 430,000, and alcohol, 100,000 dead, plus millions drunk in the gutter or otherwise incapacitated. I don't think marijuana has ever killed anyone. Yet the White House campaign to be "drug free" not only costs billions, but concentrates on prohibition and punishment at the expense of notably cheaper and more effective treatment. The elaborate U.S. campaign to compel drug-crop growers abroad to give up their livelihoods is one of the most fatuous national efforts ever undertaken. Imagine Turks and Andeans trying to keep Yankee farmers from growing their truly deadly tobacco! Nearly all the nation's prison systems are overcrowded, many critically. In state and federal prisons, more than half of all inmates are serving their time for nonviolent offenses. Some 30 percent are first offenders. African-Americans are a grossly disproportionate 49 percent. Drug-law convictions account for almost one fourth, and nearly one third of these are for simple possession. Genuine hardship cases abound, with stunning sentences for minor wrongs, the separation of parents and young children and a wide disproportion among convictions for identical offenses. After working for many years in the development of criminal law, I've become increasingly concerned about our clogged prison system. My proposal to relieve the problem is simple: systematic use of pardon and commutation powers to clear out worthy first-offense long-termers to make room for serious felons. It should stir compassion and appeal to common sense. But there is another consideration that Americans may understand even better: costs. At an estimated $20,000 per year to hold each prisoner, we are spending more than $25 billion annually for simple, nonproductive warehousing of convicted offenders. Altogether, our annual layout for corrections is more than $35 billion, curving steadily upward even as crime rates drop. We are developing a powerful "prison-industrial complex," a national growth industry exploiting today's hostility toward wrongdoers. There is scant evidence that long prison terms alone are causing the drop. Most observers credit other factors such as progress in reducing poverty, the improved economy, tighter gun laws and the increasing average age of the population. Criminologists agree that about-to-be lawbreakers don't look up penalties in the law books; they plan, if at all, on how to avoid being caught. Every system for administering justice has, since ancient times, included some provision for tempering punishment, usually a power to pardon and commute sentences, vested in the executive. Royal pardons were well known to most of our European forebears. American presidents draw the power directly from the Constitution, and every state governor enjoys some such prerogative. Historically, the power has been freely, often liberally used, sometimes to grant amnesty to entire classes of offenders. So I urge an immediate review of all sentences now being served in order to identify nonviolent first offenders held for disproportionately long terms, to release those who have paid their debts to society and are good risks, and to make room for menacing recidivists and other serious offenders. There would inevitably be a few Willie Hortons, but the process might be designed to include further screening in each case. Release should be strictly conditioned on good behavior and other factors where appropriate. The president could initiate such a program simply by directive, or Congress could set up a new authority for it. And any governor or state legislature could give it a try. I only need to convince enough economy-minded people that some of the nation's prison-budget billions could be better spent elsewhere. Perhaps I've convinced you. King is a Washington lawyer with a lifelong interest in criminal justice. Photo: 'I'm urging an immediate review of all sentences, to release those people who have paid their debt' Copyright 1999 Newsweek Inc. All rights reserved. Any reuse, distribution or alteration without express written permission of Newsweek is prohibited.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jamaican Spring Break: Sun, Sea and Sex (The Salt Lake Tribune says about 20,000 students from northeastern U.S. universities are expected to spend their spring vacations at Jamaica's three main resort towns by the end of April - up from 13,000 last year - lured by the promise of hot sunshine, cool seas, all-night parties and plenty of booze. For some, an additional attraction is "ganja," or marijuana.) Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 06:21:45 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Jamaica: Jamaican Spring Break: Sun, Sea and Sex Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 Source: Salt Lake Tribune (UT) Copyright: 1999, The Salt Lake Tribune Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://utahonline.sltrib.com/ Forum: http://utahonline.sltrib.com/tribtalk/ JAMAICAN SPRING BREAK: SUN, SEA AND SEX NEGRIL, Jamaica -- In the thousands they descend on Jamaica each spring, the latest haven for stressed and tired students seeking laid-back days on a sunny beach and high-voltage parties by night. "We had friends who've come here before and told us the weather was great, the beaches were great, and that's how we've found it," enthuses 20-year-old Alex Tone of Indiana University at Fort Wayne. "Friendly people and really great girls!" Some 20,000 students from northeastern U.S. universities are expected to visit Jamaica's three main resort towns by the end of April -- up from 13,000 last year -- lured by the promise of hot sunshine, cool seas, all-night parties and plenty of booze. For some, an additional attraction is "ganja," the marijuana weed which flourishes here. Although smoking marijuana is illegal in Jamaica, it's readily available. The country is home to the Rastafarian religion that considers smoking the weed the equivalent of a sacrament. One reporter almost ran down a vendor prancing around in the middle of a main road, hawking a corn-cob size bundle of the drug. The students arrive after the stress of mid-term exams -- but they soon throw that off. Days are spent hanging out on beaches, reading, suntanning or enjoying water sports. There are contests from the traditional wet T-shirt contests and he-man competitions to body-painting. Nights generally mean binges in bars with names like The Pickled Parrot, De Buss, Chances on the Beach and Margueritaville. Not all students use the break to indulge hedonistic impulses. Thirty-one from Arkansas State University went to Jamaica to work in a medical clinic for the poor. "I get the satisfaction in knowing that I'm doing what I'm supposed to be doing," says one, Nathalia Dawson. Negril was a fishing village until hippies and flower children made it popular in the early 1970s. Students who come today find the finest stretch of beach on an island renowned for them - 7 miles of palm-tree lined white sands between a turquoise sea and low-lying hotels and private villas not allowed to be higher than the tallest palm tree. In the years since hostile Florida residents turned on rowdy spring breakers - with some hanging out banners urging them to get out of town - the revelers have gravitated to foreign climes where they are welcomed. Negril is now second only to Cancun as a spring destination for the students. Arreton Bell, owner of the 23-room La Cage, says sometimes his guests are unhappy that their rooms aren't more like the Ritz. "You have to sit them down and rap with them and explain this is a Third World country," says Bell, a father of two boys who says he doubles as a guidance counselor and friend. "We say no drugs on the property, but we don't impose too many rules, because the more rules you introduce the more problems you get." Patrick Brady, a youthful 43-year-old who owns the Risky Business bar, says he's made millions of Jamaican dollars (hundreds of thousands of dollars) over the years from spring break. "Negril's an easy sell," he says. "Sand, sea, alcohol, sex, food, beach, good times . . ." As the town's hotels get sold out, late-bookers have taken to staying in Montego Bay, which has livlier night life, then commuting to Negril to spend the day at the beach. Several then share the $60 cost of a taxi for the two-hour trip covering 90 kilometers (55 miles). "I think if I had gone through college and graduated without coming here, I'd have missed a real true spring break," says Jacqueline Sabol, a 21-year-old studying for finals in Liberal Arts at the District of Columbia's George Washington College. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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