Portland NORML News - Monday, April 19, 1999

HJM 10, the Oregon Medical Marijuana Rescheduling Memorial (A list subscriber
says the resolution before the state house of representatives asking Congress
to reschedule marijuana to make it available as medicine will receive a
"tap-tap" hearing this week to keep it alive.)

From: LawBerger@aol.com
Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 13:05:33 EDT
Subject: DPFOR: HJM10 (Medical Marijuana Rescheduling Memorial)
To: ocdla-list@pond.net, dpfor@drugsense.org, restore@crrh.org
Sender: owner-dpfor@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/

HJM 10 (submitted by Rep Bowman, at Voter Power's request) will reportedly
receive a 'tap-tap' hearing this week. The bill will be gavelled in and out,
and a public hearing will be scheduled at a later time.

This formality is required to keep the bill alive, as unless a bill receives
a hearing this week, it cannot be voted on this session.

Lee Berger

Andrea Nagy Raided (A list subscriber says the founder of the now-defunct
medical marijuana dispensary in Ventura County, California, was busted by an
unspecified agency today for her and her mother's 64 plants.)

From: "ralph sherrow" (ralphkat@hotmail.com)
To: ralphkat@hotmail.com
Subject: Andrea Raided
Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 17:29:17 PDT

Today, Monday, April 19th, 1999, Andrea Nagy, of the Ventura CBC fame
received a visit at 1 pm. They took her and her mom's 64 plants, along
with 5-1 thousand watt lights, 1-400 watt light, sun circle, co2 &
what-not, searched the home for 1 hour & left with a statement of, If
we are going to file any charges, you will be notified by mail.

Andrea works for the Lawyer that filed 2 or 3 law suits against local
law enforcement & it could be some sort of retaliation.

She feels devastated & violated.

For more info or to help financially please call me @ 510-733-5414
after 10 am.

Thank you.



[Portland NORML notes: A quick search of the archives yields these links with
more details about Nagy's past experiences with police in Thousand Oaks:]

  • Woman's Medicinal Clinic Fires Controversy In Thousand Oaks (1/26/98 - 'Los Angeles Times' Update On California Medical Marijuana Club's Status Focuses On Andrea Nagy, Who Has Waged A Determined Campaign To Make The Police, District Attorney And Elected Officials In Law-And-Order Ventura County Comply With 11362.5)
  • Ventura Sues To Stop Cannabis Club (2/4/98 - 'Orange County Register' Says Lawsuit Filed By County Charges Ventura County Cannabis Center In Thousand Oaks With Violating Federal, State Law - Allowing It To Remain Open Would Cause 'Great Or Irreparable Injury' To Public)
  • Judge Clears Way For Pot To Be Seized (3/27/98 - 'Los Angeles Times' Says Ventura County Superior Court Judge William Peck Has Signed Papers Allowing Police And Prosecutors To Decide How Many Medical Marijuana Plants Andrea Nagy And Robert Carson Can Grow For Their Own Personal Use - Same Judge Previously Made Nagy And Carson Shut Down Ventura County's Only Medical Marijuana Dispensary, In Thousand Oaks - Nagy Predicts Police Raid Within A Week)
  • Countywide Judge OKs Pardon For Pot Conviction (4/30/98 - 'Los Angeles Times' Says Ventura County Superior Court Judge Steven Hintz On Wednesday Approved A Request For A Pardon For The 1991 Conviction For Cultivating Pot Of Andrea Nagy Of Thousand Oaks, The Proprietor Of The County's Only Medical Marijuana Clinic, Which Was Recently Shut Down By Court Order)
  • -------------------------------------------------------------------
    Industrial Hemp Legal in North Dakota (A list subscriber forwards an
    unsourced press release announcing that Governor Schafer on Saturday signed
    HB 1428, which reportedly means "any person in this state may plant, grow,
    harvest, possess, process, sell, and buy industrial hemp." North Dakota's
    Senate passed HB 1428 by a vote of 44-3 on April 12. The week before the
    House passed the bill 86-7.)
    See the comment after 'Judge Says Ban Against Hemp Growing Doesn't Hurt Kentucky Farmers'
    Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 15:37:40 -0700 (PDT) From: Robert Lunday (robert@hemp.net) To: hemp-talk@hemp.net Subject: HT: Industrial Hemp Legal in N. Dakota (fwd) Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net ---------- Forwarded message ---------- Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 16:45:41 -0400 From: agfuture@kih.net Subject: Industrial Hemp Legal in N. Dakota FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE April 19, 1999 North Dakota Becomes the First State to Legalize Industrial Hemp Bismarck, ND - On Saturday, April 17, 1999 North Dakota's Governor Schafer signed HB 1428 legalizing industrial hemp by decreeing, "any person in this state may plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell, and buy industrial hemp." On April 12, 1999 North Dakota's Senate passed industrial hemp bill HB1428 by a landslide vote of 44-3. The week before, the House passed the bill by 86-7. The Commissioner of Agriculture will now be developing regulations needed to implement the law which allows North Dakota farmers to legally grow industrial hemp. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) now must address the system of regulating industrial hemp in the U.S. To full text of the new law is located at: http://ranch.state.nd.us/LR/text/BILL_INDEX/BI1428.html For further information contact: Gov. Ed Schafer (701) 328-2200
    U.S. Drug Policy, Problem Need Fix (According to an editorial in the Topeka
    Capital-Journal by Gene Smith, Barry McCaffrey, who says he didn't ask for
    his job as drug czar, came to Kansas last week to promote the national drug
    control strategy, spending nearly an hour with the newspaper's editorial
    board. General McCaffrey's attempt to tone down the language of the "war on
    drugs" may be too late. The past several years show the already tattered Bill
    of Rights may have suffered permanent damage. Maybe the white-haired
    ex-general can find a way to both wage the drug war and preserve the
    Constitution. "Let us pray that he does. And that, like a physician, he first
    does no harm.")
    Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 09:35:42 -0700
    From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
    To: mapnews@mapinc.org
    Subject: MN: US KS: COLUMN: U.S. Drug Policy, Problem Need Fix
    Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
    Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
    Pubdate: April 19, 1999
    Source: Topeka Capital-Journal (KS)
    Copyright: 1999 The Topeka Capital-Journal
    Contact: letters@cjnetworks.com
    Website: http://cjonline.com/
    Author: Gene Smith, The Capital-Journal
    Barry McCaffrey came to Kansas to promote the national drug control
    strategy last week, spending nearly an hour with The Topeka
    Capital-Journal's editorial board in the process.
    McCaffrey was a four-star Army general when he abruptly was named
    director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy at
    the beginning of President Clinton's second term. When the president
    announced the appointment, McCaffrey's expression was that of a man
    who had just learned he was the main course at a cannibal banquet.
    Absolutely nobody envied him, because despite a couple of bodyguards,
    there is more visibility than authority in being drug czar. And, in
    the past, much frustration.
    McCaffrey claims he doesn't know just why he was picked. He certainly
    didn't ask for it, he said, but "I took it because the president asked
    me -- and because my dad told me to do it."
    On the surface, the appointment would seem a waste of a good officer.
    Youngest and most-decorated four-star general in the Army, he twice
    earned the Distinguished Service Cross -- the Army's second-highest
    award for valor in action -- had been wounded in combat three times,
    led the "Hail Mary" dash deep into Iraq that ended the 100-hour Desert
    Storm ground campaign in 1991. He is the son of a lieutenant general,
    the father of a major and was an obvious choice for Army chief of staff.
    Still, the West Pointer's background and 39-year Army career clearly
    serve him well here, too.
    Placed in command of 150 Washington bureaucrats, McCaffrey set about
    analyzing national policy in light of the Army's near-disastrous
    experience with drugs in Vietnam and crafting a modified version of
    the successful military cure: Education by the boatload, combined with
    stiff penalties against transgressors.
    The low-key general says confidently that a 10-year program can work
    nationally, too, though he is careful to define success as a 3 percent
    user level -- half what it is today and well down from the 14.1
    percent of 1979.
    And he is candid about the costs, pointing out the United States now
    has more people (1.8 million) in prison than in the military, a figure
    that will grow another 20 percent in the next five years.
    "There is no segment of American society that isn't touched,"
    McCaffrey said, despite the popular perception drug use is a problem
    of young urban minorities. "It's everybody," seven out of 10 of them
    still employed, he said.
    Refreshingly, McCaffrey immediately directed his staff to lay off the
    "war on drugs" language.
    He may have been too late. The past several years show the already
    tattered Bill of Rights may have suffered permanent damage -- most
    recently from the U.S. Supreme Court, which decided 7-2 this month
    that a law enforcement officer who stops and searches a driver under
    probable cause also may search other occupants of the vehicle without
    their consent.
    It is merely the latest in a long line of transgressions.
    The FBI lied and used Texas National Guard helicopters and armored
    personnel carriers in the murderous 1993 assault on David Koresh and
    his followers outside Waco.
    Navy SEALs and other military specialists are training police SWAT
    (Special Weapons and Tactics) teams in several larger cities. Such
    teams are now so popular they are almost universal in U.S. police
    The Department of Defense gave 600 selective-fire M-16 assault rifles
    to the Los Angeles Police Department last year after complaints the
    officers were "outgunned" by a couple of bank robbers carrying legal
    AK-47s and wearing body armor. Of course, responding officers armed
    themselves with autoloading rifles from a nearby gunshop and killed
    both bandits, but ...
    Dedicated "street crime" units (as opposed, perhaps, to traffic
    control?) routinely use "dynamic entry" -- breaking down doors with
    battering rams at 2 a.m. Without warning, of course.
    Government files, from tax returns to the new FBI log of gun buyers,
    increasingly are being used to snoop in the lives of ordinary citizens.
    Police are buying the latest in military technology: fifth- and
    sixth-generation night vision devices, heat-seeking scanners,
    parabolic listening devices -- often paid for off-budget from "extra"
    money seized from people accused (not charged) of drug offenses.
    Kansas state authorities use airplanes seized from private owners to
    search for evidence of cultivated marijuana, methamphetamine
    laboratories (they put out heat) and other narcotics activity. The
    Kansas Army National Guard used to do that, until they re-equipped
    with newer helicopters that are much more costly to fly. In a pinch
    they may do it again, anyway.
    Across the nation, sheriff's deputies and police officers are using a
    variety of unmarked cars seized from private owners accused of drug
    violations. It has become so commonplace no one even remarks on it.
    There are other abuses, but these illustrate the trend.
    "Recreational" narcotics are unquestionably one of the worst curses in
    an evil and bloody century. The need to halt their spread, rebuild
    families, educate the young and restore religious faith among our
    people is all very clear.
    McCaffrey says Kansas is lucky. It has only roughly half the "average"
    drug activity of other states -- a judgment that speaks well for
    Kansans and Kansas society.
    Still, Kansas suffers the same surge in methamphetamines as other
    states. The Kansas Bureau of Investigation reports activity is up
    sharply, while other figures show marijuana is almost keeping pace.
    Marijuana grows wild. Methamphetamines can be made quickly and cheaply
    anywhere, though the stuff is volatile, highly explosive and dangerous
    to make -- prompting McCaffrey to remark that the producers tend to
    come unwrapped within a year.
    The result: a dilemma. Deal with drugs or preserve our freedoms.
    Maybe this white-haired ex-general can find a way to do both. Let us
    pray that he does. And that, like a physician, he first does no harm.
    Rally Held In Houghton In Support Of Legalization Of Marijuana (WLUC, the NBC
    affiliate in Marquette, Michigan, says Michigan Tech University students
    associated with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
    held their annual campus rally Sunday.)
    Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 16:12:28 -0700
    From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
    To: mapnews@mapinc.org
    Subject: MN: US MI: Rally Held In Houghton In Support Of Legalization Of
    Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
    Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
    Pubdate: Mon, 19 April 1999
    Source: MSNBC (WLUC TV, Marquette, MI)
    Contact: tv6news@wluctv6.com
    Website: http://www.msnbc.com/local/WLUC/
    Scores of Michigan Tech University Students and others in the Keweenaw
    came together on Sunday in support of marijuana.
    Pot, weed or grass no matter what you call it the growing, smoking or
    sale of marijuana is illegal. On Sunday, at Michigan Tech University,
    students involved with the National Organization for the Reform of
    Marijuana Laws or NORML held their annual campus rally to spread the
    word about the drug and the benefits they claim it provides.
    Specifically including medicinal purposes and the various uses of
    hemp, a related byproduct of the marijuana plant.
    NORML organizers were hoping for about 400 people at the rally. Some
    were certainly interested in the free music and food, while others
    clearly showed they had no interest in what was going on.
    One may think activists might try to favorably compare marijuana with
    alcohol and tobacco, but one NORML organizer said that's not a fair
    comparison. He said marijuana is a safer choice.
    "Tobacco and alcohol are a lot more damaging as far as medical damage
    to the human body then marijuana is. There has never been a reported
    fatality due to marijuana use ever," Nick Lauer, NORML member, said.
    Lauer added his group has looked into sponsoring legislation to change
    the current prohibition against marijuana, but have not made any
    formal proposals.
    State Representative Mike Prusi said he could envision the legalization
    of marijuana, but only if it was heavily regulated by the government.
    "Maybe if they can find a way to get marijuana or the active
    ingredients in marijuana in the form where it could be prescribed and
    regulated. I think that's the route they may want to look at," Prusi
    Speaking at an unrelated function the day before, Prusi added it's
    unlikely for any reform act to pass in Lansing in the near future.
    Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today (Syndicated commentator
    Betsy Hart writes in the Standard-Times, in New Bedford, Massachusetts, about
    an indictment of Ritalin in the most recent issue of the Heritage
    Foundation's Policy Review magazine - not a periodical most medical school
    libraries subscribe to. Hart emphasizes the DEA's classification of
    methylphenidate as a "stimulant," ignoring its role as one of the first
    antidepressants, and the doctors, pharmacologists and educators who could
    explain that, for psychiatric patients, including kids with Attention Deficit
    Disorder, it's not a stimulant at all. Unfortunately, Hart misses the boat by
    failing to endorse the sort of research that could reveal Ritalin's real
    hazards, for example, a longitudinal study of a representative sample of
    longterm users. Plus commentary from various list subscribers.)
    Link to a Consumers Union history of amphetamine prohibition
    Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 00:04:47 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: US MA: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 Source: Standard-Times (MA) Copyright: 1999 The Standard-Times Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com/ Author: Betsy Hart Note: Betsy Hart, a commentator on CNN and the Fox News Channel, can be reached by e-mail at: mailtohart@aol.com RITALIN ABUSE IS RAMPANT IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS TODAY Most American parents probably haven't heard of the drug methylphenidate. But they should know that, according to one 1995 federal Drug Enforcement Agency background paper, the drug "is a central nervous system stimulant and shares many of the pharmacological effects of ... cocaine." And more and more typical school kids are getting hooked on it. In fact, close to four million American children are taking it under doctors' orders every day. In layman's terms it's called Ritalin -- a name many parents do recognize -- and it's routinely prescribed for a malady called Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), often loosely defined as hyperactivity. In the most recent issue of the Heritage Foundation's Policy Review magazine, consulting editor Mary Eberstadt surveys the medical and other literature on Ritalin and lays out a shocking indictment of a controversial drug whose use has more than doubled among American children just since 1990. It's certainly no mild stimulant as its advocates suggest. Among other evidence she cites a study showing that lab monkeys worked in the same fashion for Ritalin as they did for cocaine. The DEA reports that Ritalin is actually "chosen over cocaine in preference studies of non-human primates." And, she says, it's regularly abused by high schoolers in particular and has become popular among criminal entrepreneurs. Eberstadt points out that "Ritalin works on children just like cocaine and other stimulants work on adults -- sharpening the short-term attention span when the drug kicks in and producing 'valleys' when the effect wears off." Most damning, Eberstadt reports on several studies conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health showing that the physiologies of all people, regardless of whether they are diagnosed with ADD or not, respond in the same to way to such drugs as Ritalin. Their performance and attention span improves. That in turn destroys the widely accepted theory in ADD advocacy circles that "if a child responds well to Ritalin he has ADD." In fact, virtually anyone would respond well to Ritalin. What is ADD, anyway? Well, no one really knows. Advocacy groups like CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder) say it's a neurobiological disorder. But critics of Ritalin note that "there is simply no medical science to support such a claim." (Eberstadt points out that CHADD has received $900,000 over five years from Novartis, the pharmaceutical giant which manufactures Ritalin.) But it's easy to see why ADD diagnoses have exploded since the beginning of the decade. It was in 1991 that children labeled ADD could first qualify for special education services in public schools. That was just too tempting for some parents and school administrators to pass up. Other parents may think it gives their kids a competitive edge by helping them to concentrate better. Most likely, Eberstadt says, "the drug makes children do what their parents and teachers cannot get them to do without it: sit down, shut up, keep still, pay attention." Since compliance is the goal, it's no surprise that five times as many boys as girls are diagnosed with ADD and subsequently medicated, while in a different age they would have been said to have "ants in their pants." A set of questions that experienced clinicians routinely ask to diagnose ADD illustrates how supposedly widespread the malady is. The 100 questions include: "Do you have trouble getting started on things?" "Are you usually eager to try something new?" "Do you change the radio station in your car frequently?" "Do you love to travel?" I can't think of anyone I know who wouldn't be labeled as having ADD. In fact, when Eberstadt gave the entire questionnaire to 20 adults in an admittedly unscientific experiment, she found that based on their responses, almost any of her subjects could be diagnosed with ADD! Surely there are some youngsters who do need medication for serious mental disorders or hyperactivity. But there's little question that that reality has become an excuse for medicating millions of normal children simply because it makes life easier for the adults around them. A recent New York Times story on the subject opened with "'Ritalin, Ritalin, seizure drugs, Ritalin,' so goes the rhythm of noontime for a typical school nurse in East Boston as she trots her tray of brown plastic vials and paper water cups from class to class, dispensing pills into outstretched young palms." To me that sounds ominously like a scene from "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." *** Date: Fri, 23 Apr 1999 11:53:06 -0700 (PDT) To: (drctalk@drcnet.org) From: Phil Smith (pdxnorml@pdxnorml.org) Subject: [cp] Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today At 03:24 AM 4/21/99 -0700, Floyd wrote: >This is one of the scarest posts I've ever read. I have heard rumors Kip >Kingel and a couple other school shooters were diagnosed ADD and were using >Ritalin when they went ballistic. >Does anyone have more information Kingle or the others? >I wonder if any connection can be made? > >Floyd. According to the article below, from the Portland NORML news archive, the Springfield shooter was on Prozac, an antidepressant. Date: Mon, 25 May 1998 10:57:19 -0700 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: newsadmin@mapinc.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Lilly Doing Spin Control After News Oregon Shooter Took Prozac Sender: newsadmin@mapinc.org Newshawk: Uncle Hempy unclehempy@hotmail.com Source: The Indianapolis Star Contact: stareditor@starnews.com Website: http://www.starnews.com Pubdate: Sat, 23 May 1998 Author: Courtenay Edelhart, staff writer LILLY DOING SPIN CONTROL AFTER NEWS OREGON SHOOTER TOOK PROZAC [snipped to avoid duplication. Follow the link - ed.] *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 02:49:39 -0800 From: Charles Rollins Jr (chuck@mosquitonet.com) Reply-To: chuck@mosquitonet.com Organization: Flashpoint To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org) CC: cp@telelists.com Subject: Re: [cp] Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org Floyd Ritalin has been shown to cause obsessive compulsive disorders, in some people. I have some research in my Kurt Cobain section of my web page. Also I will look for a study I just got that shows brain damage in children who have taken Ritalin. The section of the brain that is damaged is the section that controls compulsions. Finally it's my personal belief that: A. Ritalin is over prescribed. There is also a New England Journal of Medicine article that came out a week or so ago that says as much. B. Though Ritalin often compounds problems the user may have. At best it's only a delaying tactic Well I will get back to you with the name of that study See ya Chuck http://www.mosquitonet.com/~chuck *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 14:10:48 -0800 From: Charles Rollins Jr (chuck@mosquitonet.com) Reply-To: chuck@mosquitonet.com Organization: Flashpoint To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org) CC: drctalk@drcnet.org, restore@crrh.org Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org Floyd Here are the fore mentioned studies on Ritalin. Brain Damage Cortical Atrophy in Young Adults with a history of hyperactivity, Psychiatry Research, Vol 17 1986 pp 241-246 Over precribed Also JAMA April 8 1998 "Diagnosis and treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity in children and adolescents" New England Journal of Medicine March 11 1999 "treatment of attention deficit hyper active disorder" Sorry about being wrong on saying it was a few weeks go on the New England piece, it seems like a few weeks ago See ya Chuck *** Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 08:15:42 -0400 From: Bob Witanek (bwitanek@igc.org) Organization: Progressive Student News Wire Services To: Floyd F Landrath (AAL@InetArena.com) CC: EM008A_OR Cannabis Patriots List Serv (Cp@telelists.com) Subject: [cp] Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today To All: I can not answer this question but I do recommend a visit to: http://breggin.com for more on the topic of ritalin. - Bob *** Date: Thu, 22 Apr 1999 12:53:12 -0400 From: Ann McCormick (amccormick@home.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (restore@crrh.org) Organization: @Home Network To: Bill (earthworks1@ij.net) CC: Floyd F Landrath (AAL@InetArena.com), (Restore@crrh.org) Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today This subject came up on another list last night. Here's a copy of my reply: Tragic, huh? And unfortunately, far too common lately. This is the 5th school shooting in under 2 years. You know what I blame it on? All this SPEED they're pumping into little kids (ritalin, dexedrine, etc..) How did we go from 'Speed Kills' in the 60s, to little kids lined up outside the nurses offices waiting for their daily 'fix'? No wonder these teens and pre-teens are flipping out. Their little brains are being fried by all these damn pharmaceutical concoctions. These kids would be better off if their parents made up some Alice B Toklas brownies and put one a day in their little lunchboxes! Seriously, I have ADD and so do all three of my kids. Todd missed the 'ritalin fad' - but when we started him on cannabis to offset the side effects of chemo, his marks shot UP and all the school 'behavior problems' (mysteriously ;-) disappeared. When Derek was in Junior High they insisted he be put on meds. I finally relented and agreed to 'give it a fair trial'. At first it seemed like a 'wonder drug' (Even I was impressed) Then, the personality changes started, and the outbursts. One night he totally 'lost it'. Tara and I raced upstairs and tried to restrain him before he hurt himself and destroyed his bedroom. He picked us both up by our shirts, one in each hand, and (literally) threw us across the room. This kid had NEVER exhibited any violent behavior, before or since. He had no memory of it afterwards. It was also the last day he took dexedrine, or ANY ADD meds. He's been fine ever since. As a baby boomer, I have to admit, as a generation we have done a lousy job of raising and educating children. Children are not 'little adults' they're CHILDREN. This world makes them grow up too fast and without the tools and maturity they need to digest it all. I hope this tragedy will wake up the clowns who are setting these destructive policies. And as an American, I deplore our foreign policy. What message is THAT 'sending the children'? If someone doesn't do what we want, we bomb them? (Curiously, they never even suggested my daughter also be put on meds... Most girls just don't 'act out' in the same way. The teachers can deal with ADD, but not ADHD, which is more characteristic of boys, unfortunately. ADD/ADHD is NOT a DISEASE. It is simply a way of being that does not require to be 'fixed' These pharmaceutical 'cures' are doing all the damage.) ann *** From: Joe Wein (joewein@pobox.com) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org) Cc: EM008O_OR CRRH_OCTA2K List Server (Restore@crrh.org), DRCTalk (drctalk@drcnet.org) Subject: RE: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today Date: Fri, 23 Apr 1999 07:14:53 +0900 Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org Hi Ann, you comments were 100% on target. I can recommend one book about ritalin that thoroughly dissects the myths of ADD/ADHD as a desease and ritalin as a "mild" drug: Ritalin Nation: Rapid-fire culture and the transformation of human consciousness / Richard J DeGrandpre ISBN 0-393-04685-0 DeGrandpre points out that 80% of all ritalin worldwide is prescribed in the USA alone, that the problem of ADD/ADHD is relatively recent and that there is no compelling evidence for it having biological rather than cultural causes. He points out the many ways in which our lifestyle has become more fast-paced and our attention spans getting shortened, from the number of seconds between cuts in your average movie to efforts to "speed up" baseball. He makes a convincing case that it's our fast paced lifestyle, especially excessive exposure to commercial, multi-channel TV, that is responsible for ADD. There seems to be little difference between the pharmaceutical effects of ritalin and those of cocaine or amphetamines when consumed the same way. Ritalin, cocaine and speed are all band aids for a social problem. It's much easier to go ahead and drug millions of school kids, or to declare a pointless war on cocaine than it is to change the way our kids grow up, how we look at time, how we entertain ourselves and how we interact with each other. Best regards Joe Wein http://www.taima.org "Hemp in Japan" *** To: (joewein@pobox.com) From: Robert Goodman (robgood@bestweb.net) From: "CRRH mailing list" (restore@crrh.org) CC: (drctalk@drcnet.org), (Restore@crrh.org) Date: Thu, 22 Apr 1999 19:59:27 -500 Subject: Re: Ritalin Abuse Is Rampant In American Schools Today One could just as easily look at this the other way around, and say that "uppers" improve concentration in the "well" as well as in the "sick", and that therefore they should be more widely used. - RG *** From: mollyfurie@webtv.net Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 11:56:38 -0700 (PDT) To: cp@telelists.com Subject: [cp] ritalin My son was on ritalin in the early 70s and after a year I became suspicious of it and took him off of it. Everything really hit the fan then. I was pursued for years by school nurses and teachers demanding that my son - who was mildly hyper and not at all mean or dangerous - be put back on the drug, with the implication that I was a negligent parent and shouldn't be allowed to keep my child for denying him medical treatment. It was a bitch. I heard that some teacher try to get all the boys on ritalin and one teacher, while she wouldn't admit to this, did tell me that a third of her students were "brain damaged." A great deal is said about how little teachers earn, but I worked in a grade school office and I saw their checks. A nice rate of pay compared to the office help's wages, I can tell you and they get a sabbatical. Their money isn't good compared to doctors and lawyers, maybe, but you can buy a home and send your own kids to private school on it. I'm not saying this to put teachers down, either - I have known many good teachers - but I think many of them are there for the money and bennies and the only downside to the job is the small people (especially the small males - who will be boys) that they have to spend so many hours a day with. Drugged boys don't scare you with bugs and frogs. They don't throw wads of paper around or whistle loudly or do cartwheels in the hall. . . . . . For some teachers the only good boy is a drugged boy.
    2 N.J. State Troopers Indicted (The Associated Press says a grand jury today
    in Trenton, New Jersey, indicted John Hogan and James Kenna, the two cops who
    opened fire last April on a van on the New Jersey Turnpike containing four
    unarmed minority men. The two troopers were accused of falsifying records by
    misrepresenting the race of the motorists they had stopped and searched, and
    of illegally searching vehicles and occupants in the three months prior to
    the shooting.)
    Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 03:26:50 -0700
    From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
    To: mapnews@mapinc.org
    Subject: MN: US NJ: Wire: 2 N.J. State Troopers Indicted Troopers
    Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
    Newshawk: when@olywa.net (Bob Owen)
    Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999
    Source: Associated Press
    Copyright: 1999 Associated Press
    Author: Ralph Siegel, Associated Press
    Hogan And Kenna Also Were Involved In A Controversial Shooting
    Last Year On The New Jersey Turnpike
    TRENTON - A state grand jury today indicted the two state troopers involved
    in last year's shooting on the New Jersey Turnpike on charges of misconduct
    for falsifying reports and for illegally searching vehicles and occupants in
    the three months prior to the shooting.
    The troopers -- John Hogan, 29, of Florence, and James Kenna, 28, of
    Hamilton Square -- were accused of falsifying records by
    misrepresenting the race of the motorists they had stopped and searched.
    Kenna and Hogan opened fire on a van containing four unarmed minority
    men last April 23. The shooting incident sparked outrage over
    allegations that the state police stopped the shooting victims and had
    stopped other motorists on the basis of their race -- a practice
    called "racial profiling."
    Acting Burlington County Prosecutor James Gerrow, who was appointed to
    oversee a grand jury investigation of the shooting incident, said
    information received during the course of that investigation led the
    state police to conduct a review of the patrol activities of the two
    troopers. The grand jury probe into the shooting incident itself is
    continuing, authorities said.
    The indictments span the activities of the two troopers from Jan. 19,
    1998, to the date of the shooting.
    "It is a sad day when a member of law enforcement is charged with
    breaching the tenets of his sworn oath," said Attorney General Peter
    Verniero at a news conference. "But we cannot and will not tolerate
    any breach of the law or violations of any standard operating
    procedures that undermine public confidence."
    Hogan was named in a 19-count indictment charging two counts of
    official misconduct and 17 counts of falsifying or tampering with
    records. Kenna was named in a separate indictment charging two counts
    of official misconduct and eight counts of falsifying records.
    The troopers face up to 10 years in prison and $100,000 in fines for
    each of the counts of official misconduct. The falsifying records
    charges carry a maximum penalty of up to 18 months in prison and
    $7,500 in fines for each count. Both have been suspended without pay.
    "It is unfortunate that the alleged illegal actions of a few troopers
    have served to so totally undermine the overall image and
    effectiveness of the entire 2,700 members of the New Jersey state
    police," said Lt. Colonel Michael Fedorko, acting superintendent of
    state police.
    Hogan's attorney, Robert Galantucci, questioned the timing of the
    "I am skeptical of this indictment -- especially in light of the
    political landscape in New Jersey. I do note that there are
    nominations and elections that are pending," Galantucci said,
    referring to Verniero's nomination to the state Supreme Court and Gov.
    Whitman's interest in the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Democrat
    Frank Lautenberg.
    Galantucci declined to discuss the specifics of the indictment
    directly, but said Hogan had been involved in "hundreds and hundreds"
    of stops in his career as a trooper.
    "Of all of the stops and all the searches and all the seizures of
    millions of dollars in drugs, cocaine and crack, only one was found to
    be outside the constitutional limits," Galantucci said.
    Just a few years ago, Galantucci said, politicians were on the stump
    complaining about the demons of drugs and the state troopers were the
    foot soldiers in that war.
    "Now it is politically expedient to turn their backs on these guys
    that are on the front lines," Galantucci said.
    A further review of patrol activities is currently being conducted of
    troopers assigned to the Moorestown and Cranbury barracks of the state
    police, First Assistant Attorney General Paul Zoubek said.
    The 1998 shooting occurred in Mercer County in the southbound lanes of
    the turnpike near Exit 7A. The area was closed to all traffic for
    seven hours last week so investigators could recreate the incident.
    The troopers have claimed the van was backing up to strike them and
    hit their car.
    At the time of the shooting, authorities said that the troopers
    stopped the van for speeding and that the driver, Keyshon Moore, put
    the van in reverse as the troopers approached it on foot. The men said
    they were headed for basketball tryouts at a North Carolina college.
    Two black passengers and a Hispanic man were injured by the gunfire.
    Rayshawn S. Brown was released from a hospital two days later, and
    Leroy G. Grant and Danny Reyes went home from the hospital on May 6.
    Moore escaped injury.
    DEA: Status of the proposed rescheduling of dronabinol (Jon Gettman, the
    former director of NORML who has been petitioning the Drug Enforcement
    Administration since 1995 to reschedule marijuana, based on the government's
    own science, shares a letter from the DEA indicating his objection to
    reclassifying Marinol as a Schedule 3 drug, apart from marijuana, is causing
    the DEA "concern" because, "by intertwining Mr. Gettman's petition with the
    proposed transfer of Marinol, the respective issues" have become "confused,"
    a word Gettman would probably replace with "linked." Then the DEA has the
    incredible gall to imply that Gettman's objections may be harming sick
    Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 17:30:41 -0400
    To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
    From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
    Subject: DEA: Status of the proposed rescheduling of dronabinol
    Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org
    Trans-High Corporation, the publisher of High Times, and I have a request
    before the Drug Enforcement Adminstration for public hearings on the proposed
    rescheduling of dronabinol (Marinol), a pharmaceutical version of THC, the
    active ingredient in marijuana. (Available
    http://www.hightimes.com/ht/new/petition/index.html background information
    includes the full text of our December 1998 request.) Several weeks ago we
    received the letter below from the Drug Enforcement Administration. Trans-High
    and I have completed our response to the DEA's letter and will be releasing our
    answer within the next few days.
    Jon Gettman
    U.S. Department of Justice
    Drug Enforcement Administration
    Washington, D.C. 20537
    March 31, 1999
    Simone Monesebian, Esq.
    [Law Offices of Michael Kennedy]
    [Counsel for Jon Gettman and Trans-High Corporation]
    Dear Ms. Monnesebian:
    The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is in receipt of the December
    4, 1998, letter submitted on behalf of Mr. Jon Gettman and the Trans-High
    Corporation. In that letter, Mr. Gettman requested a hearing on DEA's proposal,
    published in the Federal Register on November 5, 1998, to move the synthetic
    dronabinol product Marinol from Schedule II to Schedule III of the Controlled
    Substances Ace (CSA).
    In addition to Mr. Gettman's written request, the DEA received a number
    of comments supporting the proposed transfer of Marinol into Schedule III. The
    numerous health care professionals who filed comments in favor of DEA's
    proposal noted that the transfer of Marinol would permit more health care
    providers to meet the needs of patients who have benefited from its use. These
    comments urged the agency to act expeditiously to place Marinol in Schedule
    III. However, scheduling proceedings, including proceedings to transfer
    substances from one schedule to another, "shall be made on the record after
    opportunity for a hearing" as required by 21 U.S.C.  811 (a). Therefore, the
    DEA cannot proceed with the transfer of Marinol while Mr. Gettman's request for
    a hearing is pending.
    The DEA has carefully reviewed Mr. Gettman's request, as well as his
    July 1995 petition to repeal the regulations placing marijuana and THC in
    Schedule I and dronabinol and nabilone in Schedule II of the CSA. Mr. Gettman"s
    positions in these filings appear somewhat inconsistent. With respect to the
    rulemaking currently at issue, it is not clear from your December 4, 1998
    letter whether Mr. Gettman opposes Marinol's transfer to Schedule III or
    whether he is reiterating his desire to have the issues raised in his July 10,
    1995, petition addressed. As you know, Mr. Gettman's petition has been accepted
    for filing by the DEA, which has already gathered the necessary data and
    requested a scientific and medical evaluation and scheduling recommendation
    from the Department of Health and human Services (21 U.S.C.  811 (b)). Please
    be assured that Mr. Gettman's petition has received, and will continue to
    receive, the careful review to which it is entitled.
    The DEA is concerned, however, that by intertwining Mr. Gettman's
    petition with the proposed transfer of Marinol, the respective issues have
    become confused, which threatens to delay Marinol's transfer to Schedule III.
    We would ask, therefore, if Mr. Gettman would clarify his position with respect
    to Marinol.
    In clarifying his position, Mr. Gettman may conclude that his concerns
    regarding these issues are more appropriately addressed in connection with his
    July 1995 petition. In that event, Mr. Gettman may file a letter withdrawing
    his request for a hearing on Marinol's proposed transfer to Schedule III. The
    DEA would appreciate a response by May 1, 1999. Thank you for your interest in
    these issues. We look forward to hearing from you.
    John H. King
    Deputy Assistant Administrator
    Office of Diversion Control
    Statement on Marinol (Jon Gettman and High Times magazine officially repond
    to the DEA's "confusion" about the relationship between Marinol - pure THC -
    which the DEA wants to move to Schedule 3, and marijuana, which the DEA wants
    to keep in Schedule 1.)
    Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 14:43:26 -0400
    To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
    From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
    Subject: Statement on Marinol
    Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org
    Law Offices of
    Michael Kennedy
    425 Park Avenue
    26th Floor
    New York City 10022
    Telephone (212) 935-4500
    Telefax (212) 980-6881
    April 19, 1999
    RECLASSIFICATION OF DRONBINOL (a synthetic form of marijuana, aka Marinol)
    We agree with the Institute of Medicine and the DEA that marijuana has an
    accepted medical use. We also know that marijuana, and all cannabinoids,
    including Marinol, have been misclassified as Schedule I or II drugs by the
    We disagree with the DEA that Marinol is an adequate medical substitute for
    marijuana. Marinol's medical inadequacies render it inappropriate for
    individual classification without a reclassification of all cannabinoids.
    Marinol is an inadequate medical substitute for marijuana because it (the pill)
    must be taken orally, takes longer to take effect, the dosage cannot be
    controlled and those who need the medical benefits the most cannot ingest or
    swallow a pill due to nausea and vomiting.
    Marijuana is better medicine than Marinol because, when smoked, mariuana can
    take effect immediately, its dosage can be easily controlled and there is no
    need for oral ingestion.
    We disagree with the DEA as to the relative abuse potentials of marijuana and
    Marinol. To be properly included in Schedule I a substance must have a high
    potential for abuse. The lower the potential for abuse the lower the
    classification of the substance. The DEA originally classified marijuana as
    Schedule I based exclusively on the unproven assumption that marijuana "MAY"
    have a high potential for abuse. The scientific evidence is now clear that
    marijuana and its related cannabinoids do NOT have a high potential for abuse
    and, therefore, do not belong in Schedule I.
    A public hearing is required to insure that all cannabinoids, including
    Marijuana and Marinol, are properly reclassified.
    Date: Tue, 20 Apr 1999 14:41:39 -0400
    To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
    From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net)
    Subject: Letter to DEA: Clarification of Comments on Marinol
    Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org
    Law Offices of
    Michael Kennedy
    425 Park Avenue
    26th Floor
    New York City 10022
    Telephone (212) 935-4500
    Telefax (212) 980-6881
    April 19, 1999
    U.S. Department of Justice
    Drug Enforcement Administration
    Attn: John H. King
    Deputy Assistant Administrator
    Office of Diversion Control
    Washington D.C. 20537
    Re: Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition
    Dear Mr. King:
    In response to your letter of 31 March 1999, Petitioners desier to make their
    position with respect to Marinol (dronabinol) quite clear. Petitioners
    persist in their demand for a public hearing on the proposed reclassification
    of Marinol from Schedule II to Schedule III.
    Petitioners see no 'inconsistency" between their position in the petition and
    the request for a public hearing on Marinol. Petitioners do perceive an
    inconsistency in the DEA's proposed treatment of Marinol and its historical
    treatment of other canabinoids. Petitioners seek both an equitable and
    expeditious processing of their Petition and a public hearing on the
    reclassification of Marinol.
    The current proposal to reschedule dronabinol contradicts provisions of federal
    law that require that Schedule III drugs have a lower potential for abuse than
    Schedule I and II drugs. The July 1995 Petition includes all cannabinoids
    because precedent has established that the abuse potentials of marijuana, THC,
    dronabinol, and nabilone are similar. Dronabinol and THC are the same
    chemical; it is DEA's proposed rescheduling of dronabinol while retaining
    marijuana and THC in schedule 1 that appears inconsistent, rather than our
    request for a hearing on the issue.
    DEA notes that it has been urged to act expeditiously. The present proposal
    for rescheduling dronabinol is flawed; many of these flaws could be remedied by
    proceedings on rulemaking based on the July 1995 petition. Given the issues
    raised in the December 1998 comments the appropriate remedy would be for DEA to
    delay further action on dronabinol until such time that HHS completes its
    review of the July 1995 petition enabling rulemaking on the status of
    marijuana, THC, dronabinol, and nabilone.
    The DEA has long had a unique interpretation of the CSA when it comes to
    marijuana and cannabinoid drugs. It claims that accepted medical use is the
    only relevant criteria, and it has spent 27 years avoiding judicial review of
    its decision to maintain marijuana in Schedule 1 with no evidence or finding
    that marijuana has a high potential for abuse, relative to other controlled
    The DEA now seeks to apply their flawed legal doctrine to the rescheduling of
    dronabinol, a substance identical to THC, the active ingredient in marijuana.
    On scientific grounds there is strong argument and precedent that dronabinol
    should be a Schedule IV substance. Hearings are required to investigate, among
    other issues, how DEA and HHS have determined that dronabinol does not meet
    schedule IV criteria, and how its abuse potential compares with other scheduled
    and non-cannabinoid drugs. On legal grounds DEA and HHS have made it
    impossible to reschedule dronabinol because of their prior mis-handling of the
    scheduling of marijuana and other cannabinoids. To reschedule dronabinol the
    government has the burden of proof to establish that dronabinol has a lower
    potential for abuse than Schedule I and II substances. And this burden appears
    impossible to meet as long as marijuana and THC are thus classified.
    It seems important and necessary to remind you of some critical facts.
    a) Dronabinol and THC are the same chemical.
    b) DHHS has previously determined that dronabinol and THC have the same
    potential for abuse.
    c) DHHS has previously based scheduling of cannabinoids on the premise
    that they have the same potential for abuse.
    d) Oral consumption of dronabinol produces an additional psychoactive
    substance not obtained by smoking marijuana.
    e) Blood plasma levels of dronabinol peak 2-4 hours after oral dosing.
    f) Dronabinol's effects have a delayed onset that is frustrating to many
    patients who require instant relief, thus making it difficult for patients to
    adjust the dose.
    g) Dronabinol lacks additional cannabinoids available in marijuana that
    mediate the side-effects of THC.
    h) Many individuals with experience with both dronabinol and marijuana
    believe that dronabinol has a higher potential for abuse than marijuana because
    of issues (d), (e), and (f).
    i) Diversion under Schedule II regulation is not an indication of possible
    diversion under Schedule III regulations.
    j) Dronabinol affects the same neural receptor system as THC and
    marijuana, and cessation of heavy use produces the same withdrawal symptoms.
    k) Nabilone, a product of the Eli Lily Company, was denied schedule III
    classification by DHHS because it would have been inconsistent with
    dronabinol's current Schedule II classification.
    l) DEA has decided that the abuse potential of THC is so high that minute
    quantities present in industrial hemp render its potential US cultivation a
    threat to public health.
    m) The proposed rule implies that synthetic substances have a lower abuse
    potential than their natural counterparts.
    n) Rescheduling synthetic dronabinol to schedule III will create a
    precedent that will provide its manufacturer an unfair advantage in research on
    the derivation of industrial raw materials from cannabis.
    o) While the Court of Appeals has provided for DEA to conduct preliminary
    determinations regarding treaty obligations, this determination is supposed to
    involve the calling of expert witnesses, and it is not allowed to influence the
    scope of the requested DHHS review. A hearing is required to establish a
    sufficient factual record to allow judicial review.
    As to the proposed rule for dronabinol, the treaty determination conducted by
    DEA took place at the same time as their preliminary review of the
    Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition to remove THC from Schedule I and II.
    The proposed rule states that dronabinol can be rescheduled under current US
    treaty obligations as long as THC remains in Schedules I or II. DEA's
    determination suggests that action on the Unimed petition for dronabinol and
    the Gettman/Trans High Corporation petition are mutually exclusive, and that
    the DEA intends to facilitate the scheduling of dronabinol at the expense of
    consideration of the scheduling of THC. Nor does the treaty determination, as
    reported in the Federal Register, address the federal government's obligations
    should THC be removed from Schedules I and II, a likely outcome in pending
    proceedings for which the DEA has already conceded that "significant grounds"
    exist for such removal.
    DEA has noted that the pharmacological and behavioral effects of dronabinol are
    comparable to those of THC, marijuana, and other cannabinoids. In other cases
    this has been used as a reason why similar substances have similar abuse
    potentials. As in the case of 4-bromo-2,5-DMPEA and similar Schedule 1
    hallucinogenics, dronabinol and other active cannabinoids are structurally
    similar, activate the same receptor system in the brain and produce similar
    psychoactive effects. In the scheduling of 4-bromo these factors supporting a
    determination that these drugs have a similar potential for abuse. Similar
    arguments were used in the scheduling of Remifentanil, Sibutramine, and
    The DEA acknowledges that "there are few scientific studies that directly
    evaluate the pharmacological and behavioral effects of the product Marinol to
    indicate that there are differences in its abuse liability compared to oral
    THC." (63 F.R. 559751)
    This statement obscures the fact that Marinol is oral THC, and that dronabinol,
    the active ingredient in Marinol is the exact same chemical molecule as THC.
    The only way natural THC is available is in marijuana, and the DEA's
    acknolwedgement above reveals that there are few studies to support DEA's
    position that there is a difference between the abuse potentials of dronbinol,
    THC, marijuana, and nabilone. DEA must clarify its basis for giving such
    weight to empirical anecdotal data in its determination given DEA's
    acknowledgement of paltry scientific support for its position.
    DEA must also provide scientific documentation for its claims that differences
    in the onset of effects and route of administration are relevant to the
    assessment of abuse potential in general and to the assessments dronabinol's
    abuse potential in particular. In that rapid onset of effects associated with
    smoked marijuana is considered a benefit by patients, DEA should dexplain how
    its hypothesized benefits of a lower abuse potential for dronabinol compensate
    for this loss of medical efficacy.
    DEA states that "although excessive use of Marinol may result in the
    development of psychological dependence, there has been no evidence of such
    use." If the anecdotal evidence that dronabinol does not produce dependence is
    so strong then why hasn't DEA propose its removal from the schedules as they
    recommended for Fenfluramine in 1997 (62 F.R. 24620)? What is missing from the
    DEA justification for the rescheduling for dronabinol is a comparison of its
    abuse potential with that of other, non-cannbinoid, scheduled substances. For
    example, how does the abuse potential of dronabinol compare to other Schedule
    III substances, Schedule IV substances, and Schedule V substances?
    On a legal, factual and procedural basis these issues require judicial review
    preceded by administrative hearings for the purpose of establishing an
    appropriate and complete factual record to assist the potential review by the
    US Court of Appeals.
    In conclusion, we await your advice on the public hearing schedule for the
    proposed Marinol reclassification and an expected date on when you will hear
    back from the DHHS on its evaluation and scheduling recommendation on our
    Michael Kennedy
    For Petitioners
    It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons (An op-ed in Newsweek by Rufus
    King, a Washington lawyer and perhaps the longest-active drug-policy-reformer
    in the United States, explains how freeing first-time drug offenders now
    would make economic sense.)
    From: bc616@scn.org
    To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
    Subject: HT: ART: It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons
    (ineffectual drug laws a...)
    Date: Fri, 4 Jun 99 16:49:40 +0000
    Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net
    Source: Newsweek, April 19, 1999 p10(1).
    Website: http://www.newsweek.com
    Author: Rufus King
    Copyright 1999 Newsweek Inc.
    It's Time to Open the Doors of Our Prisons (ineffectual drug laws and
    penalties for offenders cost US too much)
    Freeing first-time offenders is the compassionate answer. It also makes good
    economic sense.
    Americans, once so kind-hearted, have become lusty punishers. Since President
    Nixon's "war" on crime, the public has become increasingly intolerant of
    wrongdoers, a group with no lobbyists or spin doctors to look out for them.
    In the late 1960s, America, like most of the rest of the world, forsook
    capital punishment. Since reviving it almost a decade later, we have executed
    more than 500 people. Now governors brag about the number of death warrants
    they sign.
    The U.S. prison population, 1.2 million not counting short-term jail inmates,
    is the largest in the Western world. A number of states are spending more on
    prisons than on schools, and along with the federal government are turning
    some of their prisoners over to private custody - so that skimping on
    accommodations directly boosts stockholders' dividends. Lawmakers trample one
    another to pose as tough crimefighters, and mandatory minimums force judges
    to hand out long sentences, sometimes life, automatically upon conviction.
    Parole programs have atrophied.
    The situation is aggravated by America's hysteria over drugs.
    Self-administered opiates (heroin and morphine) and cocaine together cause
    fewer than 8,500 deaths per year - compared with tobacco, 430,000, and
    alcohol, 100,000 dead, plus millions drunk in the gutter or otherwise
    incapacitated. I don't think marijuana has ever killed anyone.
    Yet the White House campaign to be "drug free" not only costs billions, but
    concentrates on prohibition and punishment at the expense of notably cheaper
    and more effective treatment. The elaborate U.S. campaign to compel drug-crop
    growers abroad to give up their livelihoods is one of the most fatuous
    national efforts ever undertaken. Imagine Turks and Andeans trying to keep
    Yankee farmers from growing their truly deadly tobacco!
    Nearly all the nation's prison systems are overcrowded, many critically. In
    state and federal prisons, more than half of all inmates are serving their
    time for nonviolent offenses. Some 30 percent are first offenders.
    African-Americans are a grossly disproportionate 49 percent. Drug-law
    convictions account for almost one fourth, and nearly one third of these are
    for simple possession. Genuine hardship cases abound, with stunning sentences
    for minor wrongs, the separation of parents and young children and a wide
    disproportion among convictions for identical offenses.
    After working for many years in the development of criminal law, I've become
    increasingly concerned about our clogged prison system. My proposal to
    relieve the problem is simple: systematic use of pardon and commutation
    powers to clear out worthy first-offense long-termers to make room for
    serious felons. It should stir compassion and appeal to common sense. But
    there is another consideration that Americans may understand even better:
    costs. At an estimated $20,000 per year to hold each prisoner, we are
    spending more than $25 billion annually for simple, nonproductive warehousing
    of convicted offenders.
    Altogether, our annual layout for corrections is more than $35 billion,
    curving steadily upward even as crime rates drop. We are developing a
    powerful "prison-industrial complex," a national growth industry exploiting
    today's hostility toward wrongdoers. There is scant evidence that long prison
    terms alone are causing the drop. Most observers credit other factors such as
    progress in reducing poverty, the improved economy, tighter gun laws and the
    increasing average age of the population. Criminologists agree that
    about-to-be lawbreakers don't look up penalties in the law books; they plan,
    if at all, on how to avoid being caught.
    Every system for administering justice has, since ancient times, included
    some provision for tempering punishment, usually a power to pardon and
    commute sentences, vested in the executive. Royal pardons were well known to
    most of our European forebears. American presidents draw the power directly
    from the Constitution, and every state governor enjoys some such prerogative.
    Historically, the power has been freely, often liberally used, sometimes to
    grant amnesty to entire classes of offenders.
    So I urge an immediate review of all sentences now being served in order to
    identify nonviolent first offenders held for disproportionately long terms,
    to release those who have paid their debts to society and are good risks, and
    to make room for menacing recidivists and other serious offenders.
    There would inevitably be a few Willie Hortons, but the process might be
    designed to include further screening in each case. Release should be
    strictly conditioned on good behavior and other factors where appropriate.
    The president could initiate such a program simply by directive, or Congress
    could set up a new authority for it. And any governor or state legislature
    could give it a try. I only need to convince enough economy-minded people
    that some of the nation's prison-budget billions could be better spent
    elsewhere. Perhaps I've convinced you.
    King is a Washington lawyer with a lifelong interest in criminal justice.
    Photo: 'I'm urging an immediate review of all sentences, to release those
    people who have paid their debt'
    Copyright 1999 Newsweek Inc. All rights reserved. Any reuse, distribution or
    alteration without express written permission of Newsweek is prohibited.
    Jamaican Spring Break: Sun, Sea and Sex (The Salt Lake Tribune says about
    20,000 students from northeastern U.S. universities are expected to spend
    their spring vacations at Jamaica's three main resort towns by the end of
    April - up from 13,000 last year - lured by the promise of hot sunshine, cool
    seas, all-night parties and plenty of booze. For some, an additional
    attraction is "ganja," or marijuana.)
    Date: Mon, 19 Apr 1999 06:21:45 -0700
    From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
    To: mapnews@mapinc.org
    Subject: MN: Jamaica: Jamaican Spring Break: Sun, Sea and Sex
    Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
    Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
    Newshawk: General Pulaski
    Pubdate: Mon, 19 Apr 1999
    Source: Salt Lake Tribune (UT)
    Copyright: 1999, The Salt Lake Tribune
    Contact: letters@sltrib.com
    Website: http://utahonline.sltrib.com/
    Forum: http://utahonline.sltrib.com/tribtalk/
    NEGRIL, Jamaica -- In the thousands they descend on Jamaica each spring, the
    latest haven for stressed and tired students seeking laid-back days on a
    sunny beach and high-voltage parties by night.
    "We had friends who've come here before and told us the weather was great,
    the beaches were great, and that's how we've found it," enthuses 20-year-old
    Alex Tone of Indiana University at Fort Wayne. "Friendly people and really
    great girls!"
    Some 20,000 students from northeastern U.S. universities are expected to
    visit Jamaica's three main resort towns by the end of April -- up from
    13,000 last year -- lured by the promise of hot sunshine, cool seas,
    all-night parties and plenty of booze.
    For some, an additional attraction is "ganja," the marijuana weed which
    flourishes here.
    Although smoking marijuana is illegal in Jamaica, it's readily available.
    The country is home to the Rastafarian religion that considers smoking the
    weed the equivalent of a sacrament. One reporter almost ran down a vendor
    prancing around in the middle of a main road, hawking a corn-cob size bundle
    of the drug.
    The students arrive after the stress of mid-term exams -- but they soon
    throw that off.
    Days are spent hanging out on beaches, reading, suntanning or enjoying water
    sports. There are contests from the traditional wet T-shirt contests and
    he-man competitions to body-painting.
    Nights generally mean binges in bars with names like The Pickled Parrot, De
    Buss, Chances on the Beach and Margueritaville.
    Not all students use the break to indulge hedonistic impulses. Thirty-one
    from Arkansas State University went to Jamaica to work in a medical clinic
    for the poor.
    "I get the satisfaction in knowing that I'm doing what I'm supposed to be
    doing," says one, Nathalia Dawson.
    Negril was a fishing village until hippies and flower children made it
    popular in the early 1970s.
    Students who come today find the finest stretch of beach on an island
    renowned for them - 7 miles of palm-tree lined white sands between a
    turquoise sea and low-lying hotels and private villas not allowed to be
    higher than the tallest palm tree.
    In the years since hostile Florida residents turned on rowdy spring
    breakers - with some hanging out banners urging them to get out of town -
    the revelers have gravitated to foreign climes where they are welcomed.
    Negril is now second only to Cancun as a spring destination for the students.
    Arreton Bell, owner of the 23-room La Cage, says sometimes his guests are
    unhappy that their rooms aren't more like the Ritz.
    "You have to sit them down and rap with them and explain this is a Third
    World country," says Bell, a father of two boys who says he doubles as a
    guidance counselor and friend. "We say no drugs on the property, but we
    don't impose too many rules, because the more rules you introduce the more
    problems you get."
    Patrick Brady, a youthful 43-year-old who owns the Risky Business bar, says
    he's made millions of Jamaican dollars (hundreds of thousands of dollars)
    over the years from spring break.
    "Negril's an easy sell," he says. "Sand, sea, alcohol, sex, food, beach,
    good times . . ."
    As the town's hotels get sold out, late-bookers have taken to staying in
    Montego Bay, which has livlier night life, then commuting to Negril to spend
    the day at the beach. Several then share the $60 cost of a taxi for the
    two-hour trip covering 90 kilometers (55 miles).
    "I think if I had gone through college and graduated without coming here,
    I'd have missed a real true spring break," says Jacqueline Sabol, a
    21-year-old studying for finals in Liberal Arts at the District of
    Columbia's George Washington College.


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