------------------------------------------------------------------- Support petition to regulate cannabis, restore hemp, please! (Paul Stanford, a chief petitioner for the Oregon Cannabis Tax Act, says OCTA's political action committee, the Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp, in the first week of petitioning collected more than 1,000 signatures of the 90,000 needed.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 03:53:58 -0700 To: DRCNet Medical Marijuana Forum (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: "D. Paul Stanford" (email@example.com) Subject: support petition to regulate cannabis, restore hemp, please! Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com OCTA web site: http://www.crrh.org/ Dear Activists, The Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp (CRRH) is happy to announce that last week we began our Oregon petition drive for the Cannabis Tax Act. In our first week of circulation we have had over 1,000 signatures turned in to our office, with many more organized and on the way. We need 66,748 registered Oregon voter's signatures to qualify our initiative for a vote in Oregon, so we need to gather over 90,000 signatures to ensure qualification. Our proposal, the Cannabis Tax Act, will comprehensively reform cannabis laws by regulating the sale of cannabis to adults and for medical purposes, allow adults to cultivate cannabis for personal use, license farmers to grow cannabis for sale to a state agency and restore unregulated industrial hemp cultivation for fiber, protein and oil. We need your support to pay petitioners in Oregon to qualify the Cannabis Tax Act as soon as possible and to begin our work in other states. Please donate to our political committee to help us advance this noble cause. It is only with contributions from supporters that we can force a debate and vote to end cannabis prohibition. Donors in Oregon can receive an Oregon income tax credit on your entire donation up to $50 a person for donations to CRRH. Please send a check, money order, Visa or Mastercard donation to: CRRH P.O. Box 86741 Portland, OR 97286 or you can donate using your Visa or Mastercard on our secure, encrypted web server linked from: http://www.crrh.org/donate/secure.html If you can collect registered Oregon voters signatures, please contact our office to receive petitions. We can e-mail petitions using the free Adobe Acrobat Reader and your laser printer. The Cannabis Tax Act was designed to be upheld in the inevitable federal court challenge it will face after passage: http://www.crrh.org/octa/upheld.html We need your support. Every dollar you donate helps us pay a petitioner to gather between 2 and 3 signatures. Every signature you gather saves us 30 to 50 cents. Please help us start the debate to stop the war on drugs, regulate cannabis and restore hemp. Thank you. Yours truly, D. Paul Stanford
------------------------------------------------------------------- County will discuss buying land for jail (The Oregonian says the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners will hold a closed meeting today to discuss land for a new $55 million, 225-bed, medium-security jail. In three years, the county has gone through more than 100 potential jail sites, dozens of public meetings and more than $2 million in taxpayer money - all without laying a single brick. The latest delay is caused by a dispute over where to put 300 beds for alcohol and drug treatment. A levy to operate the new jail will have to be approved by voters at some point, but the newspaper doesn't say how much it will cost to operate the jail or how commissioners will try to prevent voters from perceiving the levy as a referendum on the county's costly drug policy.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Wed, Apr 28 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: David Austin, the Oregonian County will discuss buying land for jail * The closed session today focuses only on real estate; questions linger about beds for substance abuse treatment When the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners gathers today to discuss land for a new jail, a lot more is at stake than just the purchase price. Also on the line are a future public safety levy to pay for a chunk of the county's justice system and the political reputations of the board, especially Chairwoman Beverly Stein. Today's session will move the board closer to securing property owned by the Port of Portland to build a 225-bed, medium-security jail. But beyond that, any kind of agreement has been almost impossible. "If you think there are five (commissioners) standing up and saying, 'Let's do it,' then I don't think we're there," said Ramsey Weit, a top assistant to Commissioner Diane Linn. "Will we get there? I don't know. I'm always hopeful, but it remains to be seen." Not a brick laid In three years, the county has gone through more than 100 potential jail sites, dozens of public meetings and more than $2 million in taxpayer money -- all without laying a single brick. The latest delay is caused by a dispute over where to put 300 beds for alcohol and drug treatment. The county wants to embark on an intensive program that would hold some inmates with substance abuse problems for roughly 90 to 180 days to give them counseling and other treatment. Originally, the board wanted the treatment beds at the jail, slated to be built along Bybee Lake in North Portland. But a dispute erupted between Sheriff Dan Noelle and Elyse Clawson, director of the county's Adult Community Justice department, over which agency would control the inmates getting treatment. The board decided to separate the treatment beds from the jail and put them at another site. Noelle doesn't want the beds at the jail unless inmates going through treatment get admitted and released through his office. "It's a matter of maintaining the level of security that we promised the community," he said. Now the focus has shifted back to putting at least some of the beds at the jail. But the board has reached no consensus. Stein is hopeful Stein has been pleased with the board since it underwent massive change last year when three of the five commissioners were elected. She has described the board as "vibrant" and "fresh, full of new ideas." But leadership is proving difficult with the board splintered on the $55 million jail. Stein wants to keep the jail at 225 beds, including 75 for treatment. She also wants the county to reconvene a siting advisory committee for an additional 225 treatment beds spread throughout the county. "Getting a 5-0 vote on this is not my top priority on this," Stein said. "What I'm proposing is good policy, and we shouldn't back away from it because we think the public won't react well to it." So far, Linn remains Stein's most solid ally, and Commissioner Sharron Kelley has said she'll support the chairwoman for now. Noelle has allies But Commissioners Serena Cruz and Lisa Naito are siding with Noelle. They want to put all 300 treatment beds at the new jail with the sheriff's department providing security and Clawson's staff providing treatment. Cruz thinks her district would be torn apart by another siting process, this time for the treatment beds. "I feel like we've already done the work siting the jail here, and I think it's time to move on," Cruz said. Kelley said she'd like the board to consider putting off any big decisions about the jail until voters decide whether they'll support the public safety levy, tentatively slated for the November 2000 ballot. "In general, I think the chair's office has a more common-sense approach to solving this, so I'll follow her lead on this," Kelley said. "But the devil is in the details, and the issue of timing is an important one. Should we build a jail before we ask voters if they support a levy? We'll see." Levy vote worries Some on the board worry that if they aren't unanimous on the jail and the treatment beds, they'll have a difficult time persuading voters to pass the levy. Today's meeting, which will not be open to the public because it concerns real estate negotiations, comes about a week before a scheduled May 6 vote on whether to purchase the Port's land. Cruz and Naito have filed a resolution calling for the county to put the treatment beds at the new jail. Stein's staff is proposing a series of amendments. In a meeting earlier this week, the board's top staffers discussed a memo from the county's lawyers, which said it's unclear legally whether the treatment beds can be operated within the jail. "It clarified for us that nothing would prevent us from successfully siting and operating the (treatment) beds within the jail," said Mary P. Carroll, an assistant to Cruz who attended the meeting. "There were different interpretations, and any of the siting options present risks. But there's nothing that says we can't do this." Noelle remains confident that a conclusion will be reached soon. Does he think the decision will go in his favor? "It's really confusing. Every time we've gotten close to having a deal, something changes," Noelle said. "I didn't think when we started that this would take three years. This isn't a battle between me and Elyse. I think the board now needs to make a decision on the commitments we made to the community. "This is one issue that I'm trying very hard to work with the board in a diplomatic way." You can reach David Austin at 221-5383 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Accounts differ on Salem killings (The Oregonian says an attorney for Timothy E. Espinoza, 17, told a jury in Espinoza's murder trial Tuesday that the defendant was trying to sell two teen-agers marijuana when he thought he saw one of them reach for a gun and fired in self-defense. Juan Torres, 18, and Fidencio Ceja, 17, both students at McKay High School, died after being shot three times each on Oct. 11. Prosecutor Diana Moffat said Espinoza approached the two, pretending to sell marijuana in order to get them to step off the street so he could shoot them.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Wed, Apr 28 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Cheryl Martinis, correspondent, the Oregonian Accounts differ on Salem killings * A prosecutor contends Timothy E. Espinoza shot two teen-agers in cold blood, but the defendant's attorney says it was self-defense SALEM -- Timothy E. Espinoza called two fellow teen-agers "fools" after he gunned them down on a Salem street last fall, emptying all six shots from his revolver into the young men he thought belonged to a rival gang, a prosecutor charged Tuesday. A defense attorney countered that Espinoza, 17, was trying to sell the two victims marijuana when he thought he saw one of them reach for a gun and fired in self-defense. Juan Torres, 18, and Fidencio Ceja, 17, both students at McKay High School, died after being struck three times each shortly after 9 p.m. Oct. 11. They were walking along Sunnyview Road in Northeast Salem. Espinoza is being tried in Marion County Circuit Court on two charges of aggravated murder. If convicted, he could be sentenced to life in prison. He is too young to receive the death penalty. During opening statements Tuesday, prosecutor Diana Moffat said Espinoza returned to two friends he had been driving around with that evening and bragged, "I bucked the fools," meaning he shot them. According to defense attorney John Storkel, Espinoza thought he saw the butt of a gun, reasonably thought the two were going to kill him and "did nothing but protect himself." He later told someone to call 9-1-1, Storkel said. Espinoza denied any gang ties, Moffat said, although both friends he was with that night referred to the two victims as members of a rival gang, and one mentioned a fight a day earlier with other members of the gang. Neither friend said he thought Espinoza would kill the pair. Moffat said Espinoza approached the two, pretending to sell marijuana, as a pretense to get them to step off the street so he could shoot them. Both of Espinoza's companions that night refused to testify in the trial, which is expected to last several weeks before Circuit Judge Albin Norblad. However, Moffat told jurors she plans to introduce statements both made to police. Neither victim carried a gun although Torres had a bicycle chain wrapped around his hand. Ceja clutched two $20 bills as he died. Espinoza's .357-caliber Smith & Wesson never was found by police. He said he took it apart with a screwdriver and threw the parts in two bodies of water, including the Willamette River, Moffat said. Do you have news of Marion, Polk and southwestern Yamhill counties? You can reach Cheryl Martinis at 503-399-8540 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Cultivation Charges Dropped (The Auburn Journal, in Auburn, California, says Superior Court Judge James D. Garbolino on Wednesday dismissed cultivation charges against a Rocklin dentist and his wife who were busted with 146 plants, issuing what could turn out to be a landmark ruling - that Proposition 215 exempts patients from prosecution on cultivation charges once they obtain a physician's recommendation. Michael and Georgia Baldwin, however, still face charges of selling marijuana, and the defense began presenting its case Wednesday following the favorable ruling on cultivation.) Date: Thu, 29 Apr 1999 15:20:54 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Pot Cultivation Charges Dropped Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Kubby http://www.kubby.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Auburn Journal Copyright: 1999 Auburn Journal Contact: ElPatricio@aol.com Address: 1030 High St., Auburn, CA 95603 Website: http://www.auburnjournal.com/ Author: Dena Erwin, Journal Staff Writer POT CULTIVATION CHARGES DROPPED Dentist And Wife Still Face Sales Accusation By Dena Erwin, Journal Staff Writer An Auburn judge dismissed marijuana cultivation charges against a Rocklin dentist and his wife Wednesday, ruling their 146-plant garden complied with a 1996 state initiative allowing use of the drug for medical purposes. Michael and Georgia Baldwin, however, still face charges of selling marijuana, and the defense began presenting its case Wednesday following the favorable ruling on cultivation. The Baldwins, arrested Sept. 23 at their Granite Bay home, each possessed physician recommendations for using marijuana to treat migraine headaches and other ailments. In making what could turn out to be a landmark ruling, Superior Court Judge James D. Garbolino said Proposition 215 makes a patient exempt from prosecution for cultivation once he obtains a physician's recommendation. "Investigators verified the existence of the (doctor's) recommendation, and admitted as much at trial," Garbolino wrote in his ruling. "Under these circumstances, it is clear that the defendants are proven to be exempt from the operation of statutes prohibiting possession and cultivation if the marijuana cultivated is for personal medical purposes." The Baldwin's jury trial began April 13 but Garbolino called for a one-week recess after the prosecution rested its case April 21, allowing him time to research the complex legal issues surrounding medical marijuana. Garbolino announced his decision to halt the cultivation trial when proceedings resumed Wednesday. Michael Baldwin said he wasn't surprised with the judge's decision. "We knew it would be dismissed or we would have won (had it gone to the jury)," he said. "We didn't break the law and the prosecution doesn't have a case." Placer County District Attorney Brad Fenocchio declined to comment after the ruling whether his office will appeal Garbolino's dismissal or how the ruling could affect upcoming cases. Fenocchio said the law forbids him from commenting on a case that's still before a jury. One of the cases that could be affected is that of Steve and Michele Kubby, who were arrested at their Olympic Valley home in January on suspicion of marijuana cultivation and sales. Steve Kubby, 52, openly espoused the use of medical marijuana during his Libertarian-party bid for the state governorship last year. The Kubbys also possess doctor recommendations for using medical marijuana. Steve Kubby said the drug has kept symptoms of his rare adrenal cancer at bay for 23 years. "This certainly paves the way for our case," he said Wednesday. News of the dismissal was also encouraging to some of the medical marijuana users who regularly attended the Baldwin proceedings. Robert Ames said he was strengthened by the news and planned to use Garbolino's ruling in his upcoming trial on similar charges. Police found 32 plants growing in his Sacramento home, he said, but claimed he has a doctor's recommendation for using marijuana for gastritis. "I'm very excited, very encouraged that the judge had the wisdom to dismiss," Ames said. "It allows me to establish that patients are in fact covered and it's for the police to prove otherwise." Defense testimony on the marijuana sales charge resumes this morning at Auburn's Historic Courthouse. *** From: "Jeff W. Jones" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: "Jeff W. Jones" (email@example.com) To: "firstname.lastname@example.org" (email@example.com) Subject: DPFCA: Fwd: FLASH: BALDWIN CULTIVATION CHARGES DISMISSED! Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 18:59:32 -0700 FLASH: BALDWIN CULTIVATION CHARGES DISMISSED! We have just received a report that Judge Garbolino has dismissed the cultivation charges against the Baldwins. The judge ruled that the Baldwins are protected by the Compassionate Use Act, but must still stand trial on the charge of sales. Since there is no direct evidence of sales in the Baldwin case, so this is a great victory for them. *** KUBBY DEFENSE FUND 15 Monarch Bay Plaza #375 Dana Point, CA 92629-3424 *** Subscribe: Kubby-Announcefirstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Men, Not Women, Grab A Smoke To Lift Mood - Study (Reuters says a study presented at the American Lung Association conference in San Diego Tuesday suggests that contrary to popular belief, men are more likely than women to grab a cigarette if they are angry, anxious, sad or tired. Women are more likely to smoke for social rather than emotional reasons. Apparently unpublished, the study by Dr. Ralph Delfino and Dr. Larry Jamner of the University of California at Irvine suggests possible gender differences in the effect of nicotine on the central nervous system, possibly because of different interactions with hormones. The researchers arrived at their conclusions by tracking 25 women and 35 men ages 18 to 42 who made three diary entries an hour for up to 48 hours to record their mood and smoking behavior.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 03:30:10 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Wire: Men, Not Women, Grab A Smoke To Lift Mood - Study Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: M & M Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited. MEN, NOT WOMEN, GRAB A SMOKE TO LIFT MOOD - STUDY SAN DIEGO - The next time all the men in your office head out for a smoke, have some compassion. They are not just taking a break, they are putting their emotions on an even keel. Contrary to popular belief, men are more likely than women to grab a cigarette if they are angry, anxious, sad or tired, according to a study presented at an American Lung Association conference Tuesday. For women, smoking is more closely tied to social factors while men are more likely to say that smoking assuages anger and sadness, according to the study by Dr. Ralph Delfino and Dr. Larry Jamner from the University of California, Irvine. The findings suggest possible gender differences in the effect of nicotine on the central nervous system, possibly because of different interactions with hormones, they said. The study tracked 25 women and 35 men ages 18 to 42 who made three diary entries an hour for up to 48 hours to record their mood and smoking behavior. Men were more likely to associate the urge to smoke with anger or anxiety and only men linked the urge to smoke with sadness or fatigue. Smoking seemed to lessen feelings of anger in those men who got angry more often, and to decrease feelings of sadness in men but not in women, the study found. Women seemed to associate smoking with happiness, while men did not. ``The commonly held belief before this study was that women smoked more for emotional reasons, but this does not appear to be the case in the real-life settings measured in this study,'' Delfino said. ``The results are consistent with the hypothesis that women are smoking less for mood control than men, and that social interactions may play a more important role in why women smoke.'' The findings suggest that smoking prevention programs might be more successful if they had different approaches for males and females, and if they targeted people according to their personality profile, Delfino noted. ``For instance, hostile people who smoke for mood-altering effects might benefit from an anger-management program,'' he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Colorado shooting - no drugs (A list subscriber says that, according to the Denver Post, no "drugs" or alcohol were found in the bodies of two adolescents thought to have committed mass murder-suicide at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. Left unsaid is whether post-mortem drug tests checked for pharmaceutical drugs, for example, antidepressaants.) From: "sburbank" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "DPFOR"
Subject: DPFOR: Colorado shooting- no drugs Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 08:08:13 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Friends: The Denver Post reports (http://wire.ap.org/?PACKAGEID=schoolshootings) that no drugs or alcohol were found in the bodies of Klebold or Harris, the two adolescent shooters at the Colorado school. Family Research Council had tried to tie the shootings to drugs by pointing out the tragedy took place on April 20th (4/20) and asserting that this was a deliberate reference to marijuana by the shooters'. FRC of course ignored the fact that 4/20 is Adolf Hitler's birthday and the boys are reported to have been fixated by swastikas which they drew on their clothing, bodies and notebooks and maintained a website which referenced Hitler, his birthday, and words of violence written in German. I don't think we should hold our breath waiting for a correction from the Family Research Council. Sandee
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gangbangers Ordered To Move Out Of Town (The Chicago Tribune notes officials in Cicero, Illinois, unanimously approved two ethnic cleansing ordinances Tuesday. Individuals shown to be gang members through a "preponderance of the evidence" can be ordered out of town, and face a $500-a-day fine if they stick around. Cicero officials also said they plan to follow up these ordinances by filing a $10 million lawsuit against more than 100 alleged gang members for violating other residents' rights. Town President Betty Loren-Maltese said the town also plans to erect gates in the most gang-infested areas to help keep evicted gangsters from re-entering the town. "If this is unconstitutional, then somebody ought to look at the Constitution," she declared.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 08:50:56 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IL: Gangbangers Ordered To Move Out Of Town Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: unoino2 Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Copyright: 1999 Chicago Tribune Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Forum: http://www.chicagotribune.com/interact/boards/ Author: Rob D. Kaiser GANGBANGERS ORDERED TO MOVE OUT OF TOWN CICERO -- As Cicero officials approved two bold measures aimed at driving gang members out of their town, they braced to defend their efforts to forge new legal ground against a barrage of critics who questioned the constitutionality of the effort. "Cicero stands alone in its battle against gangs," acknowledged Cicero Town Atty. Barry Pechter, following a spirited town meeting during which the Board of Trustees unanimously approved the anti-gang measures. For her part, Town President Betty Loren-Maltese spoke defiantly at the meeting Tuesday. "If this is unconstitutional, then somebody ought to look at the Constitution," she declared. But legal scholars were befuddled by the town's approach. And some residents said they were concerned the measure would prompt police to target Latinos. While the ordinances are clear in their intent--individuals shown to be gang members through a "preponderance of the evidence" can be ordered out of town--details of just how the laws will work and be enforced remained a bit fuzzy. The ordinances provide suspected gang members some due process--they'll get to appear before hearing officers with an attorney to argue their case. If they defy the town's orders to move, they can face fines of up to $500 a day. Cicero officials said they plan to follow up these ordinances within the next week by filing a $10 million lawsuit against more than 100 alleged gang members the town claims have violated the rights of residents. Loren-Maltese also said the town plans to erect gates in the most gang-infested areas to help keep evicted gangsters from re-entering the town. Loren-Maltese said Cicero resorted to extreme measures because "there's a lot of people in this town who are petrified." Jay A. Miller, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois, said the ordinances are "clearly unconstitutional" because they charge somebody for their status--being a member of a gang--not a crime. Miller also said the state constitution doesn't allow for banishing a group. "There's just so many things in it that are questionable,' said Miller, who seemed more amused than threatened by the ordinances. Several law school professors also said they didn't think the measures would hold up in court. "Have you heard of any lawyer that didn't laugh at this?" asked Daniel Polsby, a professor at the Northwestern University School of Law. "There's absolutely nothing about this that seems to fit with anything I know. . . . I wouldn't be surprised if . . . Cicero was itself a gang by the definition of its own ordinance." Other municipalities, including San Diego, San Jose and Chicago, have approved laws aimed at curbing gang problems, though their measures haven't gone as far as the Cicero ordinance. Instead they have prohibited gang members from gathering in certain places such as street corners. A legal challenge to Chicago's ordinance is before the U.S. Supreme Court. Legal experts said they've never heard of anything as far reaching as the Cicero measures. "The form of exile we use here is prison," said Larry Alexander, a professor at the University of San Diego School of Law. "Undesirables may not just be kicked out of a place." Pechter, the town attorney, said he wrote a number of "safeguards" into the ordinances. "We believe it will stand up to any constitutional test," Pechter said. Under one ordinance, the police chief will identify gang members and pass the information along to the town attorney. A hearing will then determine if the person is a gang member who poses "a clear and present danger" to the community. A second ordinance approved Tuesday allows the town to seize the cars of evicted gang members if they return to Cicero. But Dolores Ponce de Leon, a community organizer with the Interfaith Leadership Project of Cicero, Berwyn and Stickney, said she fears the measures unfairly target Latinos. Pechter estimated of the 600 gang members identified by the town, about 75 percent are Latino. "It's raising a lot of confusion," said Ponce de Leon, who explained that some Cicero parents think their children may be kicked out of town because of what they wear or if they fall in with a bad crowd.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pataki Offers Drug Law Reform (The Times Union, in Albany, New York, says New York's harsh Rockefeller Drug Laws would undergo their first major revision in 26 years under a soon-to-be-unveiled Pataki administration proposal that links sentencing reform with the elimination of parole.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 06:43:06 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US NY: Pataki Offers Drug Law Reform Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk Pubdate: Wed, 28 April 1999 Source: Times Union (NY) Copyright: 1999, Capital Newspapers Division of The Hearst Corporation Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: Box 15000, Albany, NY 12212 Feedback: http://www.timesunion.com/react/ Website: http://www.timesunion.com/ Forum: http://www.timesunion.com/react/forums/ Author: Lara Jakes and John Caher, Capitol Bureau PATAKI OFFERS DRUG LAW REFORM Albany -- Governor's proposed revision of the harsh Rockefeller Drug Laws would give trial judges more power in exchange for elimination of parole The harsh Rockefeller Drug Laws would undergo their first major revision in 26 years under a soon-to-be-unveiled Pataki administration proposal that links sentencing reform with the elimination of parole. Gov. George Pataki, in a crime bill to be released next week, will propose easing some portions of the controversial drug statutes in exchange for what is called "determinate sentencing,'' according to Criminal Justice Commissioner Katherine Lapp. The governor's legislative package will combine Rockefeller Drug Law reform proposals advanced by Chief Judge Judith S. Kaye and Sen. Dale Volker with the goal of giving appellate judges the leeway to trim harsh sentences, while providing prosecutors with a powerful new tool to nail drug kingpins. However, in return, Pataki will insist the Legislature overhaul the state's sentencing statutes by setting specific prison terms for specific felonies. The wide-ranging crime bill would also give prosecutors the right to appeal bail amounts they believe were set too low by a judge. "It will reflect the governor's philosophy, which is 'tough but smart on crime,' '' Lapp said in an interview Tuesday. "This builds on things that he did in his first term, and in the context of determinate sentencing, this would be the appropriate time to start considering any appropriate changes to the Rockefeller Drug Laws.'' The Rockefeller Drug Laws, enacted in 1973, mandate minimum prison sentences of 15-years-to-life for suspects convicted of possessing four ounces, or selling two ounces, of a narcotic. Critics say the statutes, the toughest drug laws in America, have done little except fill New York prisons with nonviolent drug offenders. Advocates have been trying to repeal, or at least reform, the Rockefeller Drug Laws for years, and many thought 1999 would bring change. A more diverse chorus than ever has been calling for reform this year, including conservative and liberal lawmakers, jurists, prisoner's rights advocates, clergy and even some of the authors of the original piece of legislation. However, with the governor and legislative leadership still stymied on budget negotiations, reform advocates were beginning to lose hope. The about-to-be-released bill suggests that at least some movement is possible this session. Under the proposed bill, "mules'' who do nothing but act as drug couriers and have no prior prison record could have their sentence shortened by a midlevel appellate court, Lapp said. But kingpins, who hardly ever carry the drugs and, therefore, usually avoid the brunt of the Rockefeller laws, could face mandatory minimum sentences of 15 years. Lapp estimated that about half of the 640 inmates serving sentences for A-1 drug crimes -- the most serious -- are mules. Only nonviolent inmates who agree to attend treatment programs would be eligible for reduced sentences, she said. In exchange, Pataki will ask for legislative approval of his "truth in sentencing'' plan -- a proposal to minimize the duties of the Parole Board by setting specific, or determinate, prison terms for all convicted felons. Under New York's current sentencing scheme, convicts are usually sentenced to an "indeterminate'' term -- say 5 to 15 years -- with a parole board deciding when the prisoner should be released. The actual term served might be anywhere from 5 to 15 years. Pataki would scrap that system and replace it with one where a felon would be sentenced to, say, 10 years and would serve 10 years. Assembly Democrats have consistently opposed the "truth in sentencing'' measure in the past. However, they have generally supported reform of the Rockefeller Drug Laws, and the two measures may prove to be bargaining chips. Meanwhile, the governor's willingness to re-work at least some of the tough drug laws garnered mixed reactions. "Praise the Lord!'' whooped Deputy Assembly Speaker Arthur O. Eve, D-Buffalo. "Mules have been treated very, very badly. Some of the major dealers have used them to cop a plea for themselves. I hope we can do that, because it's the right thing to do.'' However, Eve continues to oppose determinate sentencing and indicated he is not open to a deal. "To trade one thing for something else that's unjust is not a good trade,'' Eve said. Eve said any reforms to the Rockefeller laws should be applied retroactively to convicts already in prison. It was unclear Tuesday if retroactivity would be part of Pataki's proposal. Volker spokesman Joseph Maltese said the senator would have to take a close look at the governor's plan before endorsing it. "Previously, he viewed Chief Judge Kaye's proposal as somewhat reasonable and will definitely take a closer look,'' Maltese said. "However, the caveat is he will not take any chances that would risk public safety.'' But the most ardent of advocates lobbying for reform remain unconvinced the governor's proposal will be enough. Robert Gangi, executive director of the Correctional Association of New York, an organization calling for repeal of the Rockefeller Drug Laws, said Pataki's plans "are at best tinkering around the edges of the problem.'' Gangi said Pataki's proposal would do nothing to address what advocates view as the key problem with the drug laws -- the fact that they take sentencing matters out of the hands of the trial judge. He called on the Assembly to come up with a "more substantive'' plan. "We still need someone in a leadership position in Albany to step forward and propose an approach that represents substantive reform,'' Gangi said. "Our concern would be that if, through the legislative process, this is adopted, the political leaders will then claim they have taken care of the problems with the Rockefeller Drug Laws and move on to something else.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- What Happened When New York Got Businesslike About Crime (An op-ed in the Wall Street Journal praises the "management by objective" policies of New York police under Mayor Rudy Giuliani. The results were stunning - crime dropped across the city's 76 precincts by 50 percent to 90 percent in three years. But this was stunning only because governmental problems are traditionally treated in such a way as to make them seem insoluble. Unfailingly, governmental problems, unlike business problems, become the occasion for "solutions" whose purpose is to please a constituency not directly related to the problem. Thus crime has been an occasion for promoting gun control, welfare spending, education spending, public housing, and myriad other causes for which powerful constituencies clamor. That's how politics works. It's not how business works.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 17:18:36 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: What Happened When New York Got Businesslike About Crime Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Mark Greer Pubdate: April 28, 1999 Source: Wall Street Journal (NY) Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Section: Business World Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: Holman W. Jenkins Jr. What Happened When New York Got Businesslike About Crime Despite "reinventing government" and the ebb and flow of similar management slogans equating government with business, the twain are destined seldom to meet, as the Mayor of New York is discovering. Up until a few months ago, Rudy Giuliani might have been known to history as the one politician who took aim at a supposedly entrenched condition of modern life, urban crime, and actually did something about it. What a terrible precedent that would have been for politicians everywhere. When it comes to crime, a whole string of court decisions had accustomed them to the notion that police agencies were under no particular obligation to prevent crime - investigate yes, prevent no. The New York Police Department set out to do something outside the normal course of police work when it set out to lower the crime rate. It did so as a business would, "managing by objective," an axiom popularized by management consultant Peter Drucker. The results were stunning - crime dropped across the city's 76 precincts by 50% to 90% in three years. But this was stunning only because governmental problems are traditionally treated in such a way as to make them seem insoluble. Unfailingly, governmental problems, unlike business problems, become the occasion for "solutions" whose purpose is to please a constituency not directly related to the problem. Thus crime has been an occasion for promoting gun control, welfare spending, education spending, public housing, and myriad other causes for which powerful constituencies clamor. That's how politics works. It's not how business works. "I'm trying to run the NYPD as you would a private corporation," said Mr. Guiliani's first police commissioner, William Bratton. He used words like "productivity" and made precinct captains directly answerable for crime rates. In any city a tiny fraction of the population, about 7%, commits most of the crime. An even smaller fraction, 1%, the hard-core psychopaths, commits several felonies per day per psychopath. Taking one of these people off the street earlier rather than later in his career can spare the public hundreds of crimes. That, in fact, makes crime an easy problem to get leverage over, if you care to do it. In New York, crime fell almost immediately. Mr. Bratton took special aim at those carrying illegal handguns, arguing that the Supreme Court gave cops plenty of room to operate. "One of the things we don't use effectively enough in New York is the constitutional rights given police officers going back to Terry v. Ohio - stop and frisk," he told a TV interviewer. The Street Crime Unit - now in trouble over the shooting of an innocent African immigrant, Amadou Diallo--had been around since the 1970s, and in the words of a ranking department official, "These guys have really developed an expertise in picking out people who are packing." Managing by objective, this handful of cops, though they accounted for barely 0.3% of the force, was soon confiscating 40% of the guns. Some now feel it was a mistake to triple the unit's size early in 1997, when crime had already fallen sharply. But protests by the black community, white liberals and the odd drop-in celebrity since the Diallo shooting greatly exaggerate how much damage 362 cops can inflict on community relations in a city of 7.5 million. The unit made 9,500 arrests in 45,000 stops in the last two years, a hit rate of 20%. From any realistic perspective, that's not a bad ratio. Narcotics cops do a great many more stops with fewer arrests. Nor should it be alarming that half the unit's felony gun busts are thrown out - those arrested were still carrying illegal guns. In a recent case, members in plainclothes followed three Mexican men for an hour and half, stopping them only when they were about to disappear into the subway. The haul included fake immigration documents and an illegal gun, but a judge objected because the cops couldn't point to a single suspicious circumstance sufficient for stopping the men. Yet the cops' instincts were obviously right, and criminals understand this. Murders are down 70%, though police have hardly made a dent in the city's one million or two million illegal guns. The city is safer because the guns are staying home. We're left with the complaint that 63% of those stopped in the last two years are blacks and this amounts to racial harassment, even though 68% of arrestees and 71% of the suspects identified by victims are also black. But, either way, this misses the point. One thing criminals and non-criminals have in common is that they don't like being stopped and frisked by the police. Cops could always stop and frisk more white people, more women, more shoppers on Madison Avenue, but it would hardly improve their popularity or make the practice more enjoyable for those subjected to it. Mr. Bratton once said criminals were his "competition," but he was wrong. In politics the competition is always other politicians. From day one, former Mayor David Dinkins made it his special cause to criticize the expanded use of stop-and-frisk. He and others (lately including failed mayoral candidate and arch-opportunist Al Sharpton) have worked hard to make sure blacks especially would see the procedure as an assault on their rights, rather than as a step aimed at their safety. In this, they play on the black community's exaggerated, baroque idea of "respect," itself a defense against the city's former chaos and lawlessness. But neither has the stop-and-frisk policy been uniformly popular with police, who have reasons for preferring to investigate crimes after they occur rather than confronting criminals on the street. Sotto voce, they have been attacking the street crime unit in anonymous comments to the press. And so the spheres are back in their normal orbits, with political logic displacing business logic. As a sop to the protestors, the street crime unit has been taken out of plainclothes, its work garb since the 70s, and put in uniform. This in no way addresses any real problem, but it does make sure criminals will be able to see the police coming. No longer are cops able to use their street smarts to shadow criminals until an opportunity presents itself to stop and frisk them. With that, undoubtedly, will disappear the fear criminals had about carrying guns or committing crimes. And the other winners? Politicians everywhere, who can go back to railing about life's intractable realities: crime, bad schools, high taxes, whatever - no longer haunted by an example suggesting that such problems may not be so intractable after all.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Con Says He Ran a Pot Ring Inside Jail (An Associated Press article in the Daily Press, in Virginia, says the attorney for Michael Fulcher tried to separate his case from those of 21 prison guards and other defendants implicated in drug trafficking at Bland Correctional Center by claiming Fulcher was working for the government's war on drugs. The only problem is that authorities say they didn't know about it.) Date: Fri, 30 Apr 1999 23:35:42 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US VA: Con Says He Ran a Pot Ring Inside Jail Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Anonymous Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Daily Press (VA) Copyright: 1999 The Daily Press Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org. Website: http://www.dailypress.com/ Note: Byline by The Associated Press CON SAYS HE RAN A POT RING INSIDE JAIL A longtime informant and convicted felon claims he headed a marijuana ring inside Bland Correctional Center as part of an undercover operation to help the United States government's war on drugs. The only problem, federal authorities say, is that they didn't know about it. Michael Fulcher's defense was raised Monday in U.S. District Court, where his attorney sought to separate his case from the other 21 defendants accused in a drug-trafficking and money-laundering conspiracy. The other defendants include prison guards and inmates and their friends and relatives. Defense attorney David Whaley said Fulcher was gathering evidence for the government that he believed would help him to get his 1993 burglary convictions overturned. "He (Fulcher) was more or less gathering information as he'd been trained to do for 20 years," Whaley said. Rebuffing Fulcher's claim, Assistant U.S. Attorney Joe Mott said, "It was only when we found out about it, that he was selling marijuana, that he tried to spin it." Judge Jackson Kiser said he would rule later on Fulcher's motion to separate his trial.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Give LSD To An Artist At Paris Cafe In 1952? (The Wall Street Journal describes a federal trial under way in New York in which the estate of the late Stanley Glickman is suing the late Sidney Gottlieb, the CIA scientist who tested the effects of hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD on unwitting victims. The essence of the suit is that an American artist living in Paris in 1952 went to a cafe, where a club footed man slipped a mind altering drug into his drink. The artist ended up in the hospital suffering from hallucinations. He was treated with electroshock therapy and began a 40 year decline into mental illness. The defense contends Mr. Glickman actually suffered from naturally occurring schizophrenia.) Date: Sun, 2 May 1999 09:52:01 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: WSJ: Give LSD To An Artist At Paris Cafe In 1952? Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Peter Webster email@example.com Pubdate: Wednesday April 28, 1999 Source: Wall Street Journal (NY) Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: Frances A. McMorris Page: B12 GIVE LSD TO AN ARTIST AT PARIS CAFE IN 1952? U.S. Jury Gets Case That Pits A Dead Mentally Ill Man Vs. a Dead CIA Scientist It sounds like a movie plot. An American artist living in Paris 1952 goes to a cafe, where a club footed man slips a mind altering drug into his drink. The artist ends up in the hospital suffering from hallucinations. He is treated with electroshock therapy and begins a 40 year decline into mental illness. Along the way, he suspects that he may have been drugged by the Central Intelligence Agency. That is the essence of a claim brought by the estate of Stanley Glickman against the late Sidney Gottlieb, widely known as the CIA scientist who directed a project that tested the effects of hallucinogenic drugs, such as lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, on unwitting victims. The case highlights a dark chapter in the history of Cold War espionage, when the government began the experiments on civilians out of fear that the Soviets and other communists were developing mindcontrol techniques. The project came to light in the mid 1970s, when Congress held hearings on it and Mr. Gottlieb, who had a club foot, testified. Today, closing arguments are scheduled to be heard by a federal court jury in New York. The case was transferred yesterday to U.S. District Judge Kimba Wood, after Dominick DiCarlo, the chief judge of the U.S. International Court of Trade who had presided over the trial, collapsed and died while exercising. Federal prosecutors are defending the estate of Mr. Gottlieb, who died March 7. The defense contends Mr. Glickman actually suffered from naturally occurring schizophrenia. Sidney Bender, the lawyer for Mr. Glickman's estate, acknowledged when the trial began earlier this month that he didn't have documents proving that Mr. Gottlieb drugged the artist. But he said Mr. Glickman recalled that "the person who gave him the drink had a club foot." On the night in question, Mr. Bender contends that Mr. Glickman was lured by an acquaintance to the Cafe Select in Paris, where they met three other men. One of the men offered Mr. Glickman a drink and as the man walked to the bar, Mr. Glickman allegedly saw that he had a clubfoot. Halfway through the cocktail, Mr. Glickman began having hallucinations and landed in the hospital. Several months later, his family brought him back to the U.S. for treatment. Mr. Glickman's mental state never improved. He held odd jobs but never painted again. He died of unrelated causes on Dec. 11, 1992. A major problem with Mr. Glickman's allegations is that he only began to think that he had been drugged by the CIA after watching televised congressional hearings in 1977 about the agency's LSD program. He didn't sue until 1983. 1 Even the Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said in an opinion last July that "there are reasons to be skeptical" of Mr. Glickman's claim, which alleges violations of his constitutional rights. But, the appellate panel allowed the case to go to trial because CIA records that might have proved Mr. Glickman's claim were ordered destroyed in January 1973 by Mr. Gottlieb. (The court dropped the government as a defendant, saying Mr. Glickman didn't sue quickly enough after learning about the CIA program; the court said he met the three year deadline for suing Mr. Gottlieb because he didn't learn about Mr. Gottlieb's club foot until 1981.) The government has admitted that the CIA set up an LSD research program, headed by Mr. Gottlieb, in the early 1950s. "And, absolutely, it is true that a component of that program consisted of giving LSD to unwitting people," said Martin Siegel, an assistant U.S. attorney on the case. However, Mr. Siegel added that the case "is about whether the CIA, in the person of Sidney Gottlieb, gave LSD to Stanley Glickman."
------------------------------------------------------------------- The DEA Takes The Wraps Off Its New Training Facility (UPI briefly notes the Drug Enforcement Administration will open a 100-acre, $30 million training academy today in Quantico.) Date: Sun, 2 May 1999 13:51:52 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Wire: The DEA Takes The Wraps Off Its New Training Facility Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: EWCHIEF@aol.com Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1999 United Press International THE DEA TAKES THE WRAPS OFF ITS NEW TRAINING FACILITY (QUANTICO) - The Drug Enforcement Administration takes the wraps off its new, 30-Million-dollar training academy in Quantico today. The 100-acre site is less than a mile from the FBI Academy, allowing both agencies to share shooting ranges and mock-up buildings for specialized training. The DEA training center's first class of agents will graduate in August.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Therapeutic Marijuana Use Supported While Thorough Proposed Study Done (The Journal of the American Medical Association says the March 17 Institute of Medicine report on medical marijuana provided "advocates" support by recommending that clinical trials and drug development proceed. But marijuana's acceptance as a prescribed drug appears to be years away - if it happens at all. A brief summary of the IOM report includes the investigators' six recommendations.) Date: Fri, 30 Apr 1999 18:27:43 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Therapeutic Marijuana Use Supported While Thorough Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David Hadorn (email@example.com) Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (US) Copyright: 1999 American Medical Association. Contact: JAMAfirstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ama-assn.org/public/journals/jama/ Author: Mike Mitka THERAPEUTIC MARIJUANA USE SUPPORTED WHILE THOROUGH PROPOSED STUDY DONE Advocates for the medical use of marijuana received support recently from Institute of Medicine (IOM), recommendations that clinical trials and drug development should proceed. But its acceptance into the general population of prescribed drugs appears to be years away-if it happens at all. The coinvestigators of the report, Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base, said advances in cannabinoid science over the last 16 years offer opportunities for the development of medical marijuana. The report summarizes and analyzes what is known about the medical use of marijuana, emphasizing evidence-based medicine. The investigators said the data suggest marijuana may help with pain relief, nausea, and appetite stimulation. Still, there are downsides to marijuana, said John A. Benson, Jr, MD, coprincipal investigator of the report and dean and professor of medicine emeritus at Oregon Health Sciences University School of Medicine in Portland. "Marijuana's potential as medicine is seriously undermined by the fact that people smoke it, thereby increasing their chance of cancer, lung damage, and problems with pregnancies, including low birth weight," Benson said. "For that reason, we do not recommend smoking marijuana for long-term medical use. While we see a future in the development of chemically defined cannabinoid drugs, we see little future in smoked marijuana as a medicine." Cannabinoids are the group of compounds related to 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. TWO POINTS OF VIEW Quick to pick up on the smoking comments was the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), whose director, Gen Barry R. McCaffrey, has been critical of legalizing marijuana for medical use. In a statement, the ONDCP said it was "delighted that science is the basis of the discussion of this issue," and said it would carefully study the recommendations and conclusions of the IOM report. The ONDCP added, however, "We note in the report's conclusion that 'the future of cannabinoid drugs lies not in smoked marijuana, but in chemically defined drugs that act on the cannabinoid systems that are a natural component of human physiology.'" The IOM report is the result of a request from the ONDCP in January 1997 to review the scientific evidence to assess the potential health benefits and risks of marijuana and its constituent cannabinoids. [An IOM report says marijuana may have a future in medicine, but not in a smoked form. Credit: Tony Stone ] On the other side of the legalization issue is the Marijuana Policy Project, which said the IOM report presents ample scientific evidence confirming the benefits of marijuana as medicine and proves McCaffrey wrong on his statements over the years in opposition to legalization. Marijuana was not found effective in several areas in which anecdotal evidence said otherwise. The report stated that data did not support using marijuana to treat glaucoma. It noted that smoked marijuana can reduce some of the eye pressure associated with glaucoma, but only for a short time, and that its benefit did not outweigh the hazards associated with regular long-term use. There is also little evidence for marijuana's potential for treating movement disorders like Parkinson disease or Huntington disease, although some studies were presented showing THC reduced, to varying degrees, muscle spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis. REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS The IOM report investigators made six recommendations: Research should continue into the physiological effects of synthetic and plant-derived cannabinoids and the natural function of cannabinoids found in the body. Because different cannabinoids appear to have different effects, research should include but not be restricted to effects attributable to THC alone. Clinical trials of cannabinoid drugs for symptom management should be conducted with the goal of developing rapid-onset, reliable, and safe delivery systems. Psychological effects of cannabinoids, such as anxiety reduction and sedation, that can influence medical benefits should be evaluated in clinical trials. Studies to define the individual health risks of smoking marijuana should be conducted, particularly among populations in which marijuana use is prevalent. Clinical trials of marijuana use for medical purposes should be conducted under the following limited circumstances: trials should involve only short-term use (less than 6 months); be conducted in patients with conditions for which there is reasonable expectation of efficacy; be approved by institutional review boards; and collect data about efficacy. Short-term use of smoked marijuana for patients with debilitating symptoms (such as intractable pain or vomiting) must meet the following conditions: failure of all approved medications to provide relief has been documented; the symptoms can reasonably be expected to be relieved by rapid-onset cannabinoid drugs; such treatment is administered under medical supervision in a manner that allows for assessment of treatment effectiveness; and use involves an oversight strategy, comparable to an institutional review board process, that could provide guidance within 24 hours of a submission by a physician to provide marijuana to a patient for a specified use. Stanley J. Watson, Jr, MD, PhD, coprincipal investigator and codirector and research scientist at the Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, said the goal of medical marijuana clinical trials should be to develop an inhaler to deliver the drug because capsule or pill forms take too long to work. "There are many symptoms for which a quick-acting drug is ideal, such as pain, nausea, and vomiting," Watson said. "For that reason, we recommend development of a rapid-onset but nonsmoked delivery system, such as an inhaler. Something like an inhaler would deliver precise doses without the health problems associated with smoking."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Denying Education Is No Answer to Drug Use (A list activist invites you to point your browser to www.RaiseYourVoice.com to make a constructive protest against the provision in the Higher Education Act that bars financial aid to college students caught possessing marijuana or other supposedly controlled substances.) From: "Troy Dayton" (email@example.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Subject: Denying Education Is No Answer to Drug Use Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 09:49:49 PDT www.RaiseYourVoice.com Over 10,000 emails and faxes have been sent to Congress in support of H.R. 1053, Rep. Barney Frank's bill to overturn the discriminatory drug provision in the Higher Education Act that delays or denies federal financial aid to any and every drug offender. www.RaiseYourVoice.com Your help is needed. If you haven't already taken five minutes to visit www.RaiseYourVoice.com, please do so today! www.RaiseYourVoice.com There is a good chance that we can get Congress to take a step back on this one. Already six college student governments have signed a resolution to oppose the provision. Also, two State student associations have signed on. More importantly our sign on resolution boasts such organizations as the NAACP, N.O.W., Center for Women Policy Studies, American Public Health Association, Friends Committee On National Legislation, Unitarian Universalists, and many more! H.R. 1053 already has 11 co-sponsors. www.RaiseYourVoice.com For a full listing of co-sponsors, a list of over 50 press clippings and other information on how you can get your local university active log onto www.u-net.org. http://www.RaiseYourVoice.com Thanks to your help, thousands of college educations can be saved from the wrath of Drug War politics. In peace and justice, Troy M. Dayton
------------------------------------------------------------------- McGuinty, Hampton Admit To Past Marijuana Use (The Ottawa Citizen says both of Ontario's opposition leaders admitted yesterday to smoking marijuana in the past, and urged that possession of the drug be decriminalized. The admissions from Liberal Leader Dalton McGuinty and NDP Leader Howard Hampton came immediately after Premier Mike Harris vowed that his Progressive Conservative government's zero-tolerance policy on crime will continue to include the herb. Yesterday, a private members bill was introduced by Reform MP Keith Martin from B.C. in the House of Commons to decriminalize marijuana in an attempt to free valuable police resources and backlogged courts so they can deal with more serious criminal cases.) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 09:13:10 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Canada: McGuinty, Hampton Admit To Past Marijuana Use Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Ottawa Citizen (Canada) Copyright: 1999 The Ottawa Citizen Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/ Author: Natalie Armstrong, The Ottawa Citizen MCGUINTY, HAMPTON ADMIT TO PAST MARIJUANA USE Liberal, NDP Leaders Urge Decriminalization TORONTO -- Both Ontario's opposition leaders admitted yesterday to smoking marijuana in the past, and urged that possession of the drug be decriminalized. The admissions from Liberal Leader Dalton McGuinty and NDP Leader Howard Hampton came immediately after Premier Mike Harris vowed that his Progressive Conservative government's zero-tolerance policy on crime will continue to include the drug. Mr. McGuinty, who says he experimented with marijuana as a teen, and Mr. Hampton, who says he tried it in university, want possession of marijuana handled outside the Criminal Code. Mr. Harris, who is expected to call an election within weeks, says he "found booze a little more attractive" than marijuana as a youth and does not condone drug use today. Asked whether he had ever inhaled, Mr. Harris, 54, replied: "No, I haven't. But I grew up in an age where we tried all these things. I found booze a little more attractive to me." Asked how he would feel if his 14-year-old son, Michael Jr., was caught with marijuana, Mr. Harris replied: "I would feel that he had broke the law and would have to suffer the consequences." At a news conference staged to focus on crime prevention, Mr. Harris said that "we shouldn't be making it easier for our children to get drugs, but we should be, in fact, making it harder." Decriminalizing possession of even small amounts of marijuana would be "sending our kids the wrong message," added Mr. Harris. Mr. Harris raised the issue of marijuana use when he disagreed publicly yesterday with the Association of Canadian Police Chiefs, who want the federal government to legalize simple possession of marijuana and hashish. "Normally, I agree with the chiefs of police but on this one I feel they are throwing in the towel," said Mr. Harris. The premier said he understands their frustrations with the justice system. Later, Mr. McGuinty, who is 43, said he tried marijuana "in my late teens ... twice." He said he doesn't condone drug use of any kind when it comes to his own teenage children. "They should not be doing any drugs of any kind at any time. And I don't want them smoking, either." The fact is marijuana users are from all kinds of socioeconomic conditions across the province, said Mr. McGuinty. "It is simply too heavy a penalty to saddle young people with a criminal record," said Mr. McGuinty, adding they have trouble getting jobs later on. The current penalties for possession just aren't working, he said. "We should be looking at a fine, or some alternative-sentencing mechanism, which I think is supported by most Ontarians," said Mr. McGuinty, adding the province should be devoting more resources to crack down on traffickers who prey on Ontario's children. "A criminal record is too great a sanction," said Mr. McGuinty. Mr. Hampton, who is 46, said New Democrats believe simple possession should not be illegal because criminalizing it doesn't change behaviours and has proven to be a very expensive and ineffective approach. Mr. Hampton admitted that he smoked the drug "way back in university." "I think I was like most people who went to university in the late '60s and '70s -- marijuana was something that virtually everyone tried," said Mr. Hampton. "Speaking personally, it wasn't worthwhile for me. I didn't enjoy the experience of not being in full control of my faculties." Mr. Harris said there's a very clear difference between himself and his opponents -- Mr. McGuinty in particular -- who Mr. Harris said was "out of touch with reality." "He (Mr. McGuinty) makes excuses for those who break the law, he says they're not really to blame, he blames poverty or he blames despair or he blames society at large, not the offender," said Mr. Harris, adding his government will spend money to beef up the justice system. "We're prepared to spend the dollars and to beef up the justice system," Mr. Harris said. "All Ontarians must accept responsibility for their actions." Yesterday, a private members bill was introduced by Reform MP Keith Martin from B.C. in the House of Commons to decriminalize marijuana in an attempt to free valuable police resources and backlogged courts so they can deal with more serious criminal cases. Police and the courts would be better able to pursue the real criminals such as rapists, murderers, and armed robbers, Mr. Martin said in a news release late yesterday. "This is not a case of legalizing marijuana ... it is a case of crime prevention," said Mr. Martin in the release, adding guilty individuals could be ticketed and made to pay a fine. That money would go to drug education and counselling for substance abuse.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Party leaders come clean on pot (The Toronto Star version) Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 10:29:47 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Haans (email@example.com) Subject: TorStar: Party leaders come clean on pot Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, April 28, 1999 Page: A7 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Caroline Mallan, Toronto Star Queen's Park Bureau Party leaders come clean on pot Who inhaled? Harris only one to say: `Not me' Ontario Premier Mike Harris says he has never smoked marijuana, and he's not about to support plans to decriminalize the possession of small amounts of pot. Liberal leader Dalton McGuinty and NDP leader Howard Hampton both admit they inhaled in their younger days, and both say they're all for lowering the penalty for possession to a ticket and a fine. The subject came up after Harris told reporters Ontario will fight any federal government move to decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana - a recommendation that came from the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police. But had he ever inhaled, he was asked. ``No, I haven't, but I grew up in an age when we tried all these things,'' Harris responded. ``I found booze a little more attractive.'' The straight-laced McGuinty surprised many observers in his own party when he conceded he'd tried marijuana as a teenager. ``I was in my late teens, I did it twice,'' he said. The Liberal leader added that he encourages his own four children not to take drugs or smoke cigarettes. McGuinty said he would support the call by the chiefs of police to penalize simple possession of marijuana with a fine. ``What we should be doing is devoting more resources to cracking down on those who prey on Ontario children - traffickers,'' he said. The NDP's Hampton said he smoked marijuana in university. His party has long supported decriminalizing possession of pot. Hampton said the best defence against drug use is effective education programs. Harris accused the opposition of being soft on crime and called for a ``tough love'' approach to young people who smoke pot. ``Normally I agree with the chiefs of police, but on this one I feel they are throwing in the towel,'' Harris said while visiting a downtown Toronto convenience store to trumpet his party's crime-fighting record just days before an election call is expected. The premier said the police chiefs - considered an influential voice on the issue - are acting out of frustration with the light sentences that result from a conviction for possession. ``But I believe we shouldn't be making it easier for our children to get drugs, that we should be in fact making it harder.'' Harris said handing out a ticket for possession sends a message that drugs are acceptable. ``I think that's the wrong way to go, I think the right way is to be tough, tough love if you like, zero tolerance right at the start.'' The association of Canadian police chiefs told the federal government last week that the current law does not act as a deterrent to marijuana and bogs down police officers. The police association believes the government should change the law so that possession of 1 gram of cannabis resin or 30 grams of marijuana would be subject to a regulatory ticket and fine. The association says a fine more properly reflects the offence and does not leave the stigma of a criminal record. Federal Justice Minister Anne McClelland said she would seriously consider their recommendation. Under the 1997 Controlled Drugs and Substances Acts, simple drug possession is a summary conviction offence, subject to a maximum fine of $1,000 and/or six months jail - a sentence rarely imposed. Carolyn Nutter, of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, said several U.S. states that have decriminalized the possession of pot have not seen a noticeable rise in marijuana use or related drug crime. Nutter said that in terms of causing damage to society, other, legal vices are the worst offenders. ``It's quite clear that from a cost to society perspective, research clearly indicates that tobacco and alcohol are the main concerns.'' *** Date: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 11:19:16 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Dave Haans (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Harris photo to go along with Star article Hi, all. Check out the picture that went along with the TorStar article: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~haans/pics/Harris_Prefers_Smoking_Banana_Peels .jpg Cheers, Dave. *** Dave Haans Graduate Student, University of Toronto WWW: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca:8080/~haans/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Isn't Harris' Cup Of Tea (The Toronto Globe and Mail version) Date: Thu, 29 Apr 1999 16:44:21 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: Pot Isn't Harris' Cup Of Tea Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Carey Ker Pubdate: 28 Apr 1999 Source: Globe and Mail (Canada) Copyright: 1999, The Globe and Mail Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.globeandmail.ca/ Forum: http://forums.theglobeandmail.com/ Page: A1 Author: Jane Coutts POT ISN'T HARRIS' CUP OF TEA Two out of three leaders of Ontario political parties admit they've smoked marijuana -- but Premier Mike Harris says he always got his kicks from alcohol. Mr. Harris triggered a round of confessions yesterday at Queen's Park when he invited reporters on an election-style visit to a convenience store where he called for a "tough love" legal response to even minor offences, such as simple possession of marijuana. Asked if he ever tried marijuana, Mr. Harris, 54, said no. "I grew up in an age when we tried all those things and I found booze a little more attractive to me," he said. Later, both Opposition Leader Dalton McGuinty and New Democratic Party leader Howard Hampton admitted to reporters that they had tried it a couple of times each, Mr. McGuinty in his late teens and Mr. Hampton while at university. And while the Premier made a point of rejecting a call for decriminalization of marijuana possession, his two rivals endorsed the idea. The call to decriminalize came from the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police. "I think it's simply too heavy a penalty to saddle young people with a criminal record, who then have trouble getting a job," Mr. McGuinty said. He thinks that fines, or some form of alternative sentencing is more appropriate as long as no trafficking is involved. Mr. Hampton said the NDP has long supported decriminalizing marijuana. But Mr. Harris said those are the kinds of attitudes that lead youngsters to believe they can get away with crime. It's better to clamp down hard right at the beginning, he said. The marijuana issue overshadowed the Premier's effort to remind voters of his tough stance against crime during his first term in office. There were strong campaign overtones to yesterday's event, where, for the second time in as many days, Mr. Harris returned to a place where he made a promise in the 1995 election to proclaim the success of his policies. Monday, it was workfare; yesterday, cracking down on crime. While he admitted most statistics show crime is falling, he said people are living in fear and no one is measuring how they have changed their lifestyles because of it. "There is a fear of crime and people are altering their lifestyles and we think criminals should be altering their lifestyles," he said. He also took a swipe at Mr. McGuinty, suggesting that his background as a defence lawyer who worked for young offenders gives him a different perspective on crime tha Mr. Harris's small-business background has given him. "He makes excuses for those who broke the law, he says they're not really to blame, he blames poverty or he blames despair or he blames society at large -- not the offender," Mr. Harris said, adding that "I think he's out of touch with society .... The offender is not the victim." Mr. McGuinty told reporters he learned about the reality of crime working in courtrooms. "When [Mr. Harris] was out on the ninth green, I listened to a lot of victim impact statements in court. I think I have a ... more profound understanding of criminal justice in Ontario." -------------------------------------------------------------------
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