------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug War Takes Daily Fight (A staff editorial in the Statesman Journal, in Salem, Oregon, says the war on drugs is a battle that can never be won. "It is an endless fight, one that must continue as long as drugs retain the ability to grab hold of users and shake the life out of them. . . . the fact that 49 percent of high school seniors reported having tried marijuana is cause for alarm." The fact that usage rates were lower before prohibition apparently doesn't register. The editors don't explain why people who use the least dangerous drugs should be criminalized, but not tobacco and alcohol consumers and traffickers.) Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 01:00:14 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (email@example.com) To: Constitutional Cannabis Patriots (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: [cp] ALERT! DRUG WAR TAKES DAILY FIGHT-EDITORIAL-STATESMAN JOURNAL PLEASE HELP US TELL THE STATESMAN JOURNAL THEY ARE WRONG, TERRIBLY WRONG! *** email@example.com FAX- 503-399-6706 Up to 150 words for letter to the editor, first and last name and phone number for verification. Editorial The Statesman Journal 5-15-99 Drug War Takes Daily Fight * Some Progress is Being Made, But The Battle Will Require Constant Effort If ever a monster deserved to be attacked from all angles, it is illegal drugs. Two events of the past week highlight different approaches to dealing with the problem, emphasizing the need for responsible citizens to maintain diligence in the fight against drugs. The events: * About 2,000 area students gathered at the Oregon Capitol to clap, cheer and chant "Drug free and proud! * Narcotics officers broke up what they called a major drug-dealing operation, arresting three Salem men while seizing methamphetamines and marijuana. The rally and the arrests were unrelated, but they exemplify the communitywide effort that is necessary in the fight to slow drug use. The war on drugs is a battle that never can be won. It is an endless fight, one that must continue as long as drugs retain the ability to grab hold of users and shake the life out of them. According to a 1998 study conducted by the University of Michigan, drug and alcohol use by eighth-, 10th- and 12th-graders has dropped slightly during the 1990's. This demonstrates that the message is being heard, but the fact that 49 percent of high school seniors reported having tried marijuana is cause for alarm. Some will argue that efforts to prevent drug use are a boondoggle, a short-sighted attempt to prevent people from exercising their freedom of choice. Such arguments must be summarily rejected. The cost of illicit drug use is undeniable. In truth, the substances rob the users of their freedom, making them slaves to addiction. That addiction has negative consequences for users, their families, their friends, their co-workers, etc. It has negative consequences for all of us, making it imperative that the fight against drug use continue. The students who rallied at the Capitol understood this. They talked of a commitment to remain drug-free. Though organizers of the rally - and the students themselves - are to be commended, we must be mindful that such feel-good solutions to a societal problem are far from adequate. We must be mindful that rallies last a few moments, but prevention requires daily diligence. Drugs always will hold an appeal for some people, and as long as demand is prevalent, suppliers will be as well. The efforts of law enforcement, as shown by the recent arrests, continue to be vital to the war on drugs. Because in this never-ending battle, there is no room for complacency. *** Constitutional Cannabis Patriots! http://www.teleport.com/~nepal/canpat.htm
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug War Requires Daily Stupidity (A letter sent to the editor of the Statesman Journal responds to today's staff editorial urging war without end. "The delusions of prohibitionists like the Statesman Journal" are what rob users of their freedom and make them slaves to addiction, not the drugs themselves. "The Statesman Journal shares in the bloodguilt for all the needless death and destruction caused by an idiotic policy that causes a hundred times more trouble than drugs by themselves ever did.") Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 11:50:33 -0800 To: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: R Givens (email@example.com) Subject: [cp] Sent LTE re: ALERT! DRUG WAR TAKES DAILY FIGHT-EDITORIAL Drug War Requires Daily Stupidity The Statesman Journal claims that drug use "robs the users of their freedom, making them slaves to addiction," while recklessly ignoring the history of drug use when making such moronic pronouncements. Prohibition was conceived in an era that thought phrenology was a "hard science." Endorsing an outdated notion that contradicted the truth from the very beginning is a sign of careless thinking. All of the problems we have with drugs nowadays are caused by lunatic drug laws because no one was robbing, whoring and murdering over drugs when addicts could buy all of the heroin, cocaine, morphine, opium and any other drug cheaply and legally at the corner drug store. No one was dying of opiate overdoses when addicts could buy pure Bayer Heroin instead of the poisonous bootleg drugs prohibition puts on the market. When drugs were legal, addicts worked regular jobs, raised decent families and were indistinguishable from their teetotaling neighbors. (The Consumers Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs Chapter 3 - What kinds of people used opiates? at http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Library/studies/cu/cu3.html The lunatic "never-ending battle" in a "war on drugs . . . that never can be won" is responsible for the addict crime, disease and social devastation we see today. Drug users were peaceful, law-abiding people before empty headed prohibitionists began their meddling. All of the so-called "drug crime" we have today is created by the illegal status of drugs, not their pharmacological properties. Addicts didn't steal when heroin was legal because they could easily supply their habit with cheap drugs. Overdoses were virtually unknown. Now we have over 14,000 (according to McCaffrey) completely unnecessary overdose deaths every year. The Seattle-King County area had 138 heroin deaths in 1998, because of the mindless prohibition laws you endorse. The delusions of prohibitionists like the Statesman Journal endorsing prisons and tough drug laws are what "rob[bed] users of their freedom, [and made] them slaves to addiction," not the drugs themselves. The Statesman Journal shares in the bloodguilt for all the needless death and destruction caused by an idiotic policy that causes a hundred times more trouble than drugs by themselves ever did. Robin Givens San Francisco 415-776-1596
------------------------------------------------------------------- Come To Sacramento, Lovers Of Liberty! (Best-selling author and medical-marijuana patient/activist Peter McWilliams urges you to attend the trial, beginning Tuesday, of B.E. Smith, who, like McWilliams, is facing federal cultivation-related charges despite California's Proposition 215. If Smith is acquitted, McWilliams' case may be dismissed as well. McWilliams calls this the "most important case yet in the medical marijuana movement. . . . If you ever said, 'I wish I had the chance to have marched with King in Selma,' then come to Sacramento.") From: "Peter McWilliams" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Peter McWilliams" (email@example.com) Subject: COME TO SACRAMENTO, LOVERS OF LIBERTY! Date: Sat, 15 May 1999 23:45:13 -0700 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE --- CIRCULATE EVERYWHERE IT IS TIME TO DECLARE A MEDICAL CEASE-FIRE IN THE WAR ON DRUGS: LOVERS OF FREEDOM: COME TO SACRAMENTO! This is the most heartfelt and urgent message I have ever sent you. The most important case yet in the medical marijuana movement is about to begin on May 18, 1999. With today's devastating news (see below), the defendant needs our help. There is no one thing I can ask you to do, because so many of you are so good at so many things. Please read the letters attached and respond with all you can. If everyone on my list were to send just one letter-to-the-editor of his or her hometown about this case, for example, the trial will get national attention. We made "Ain't Nobody's Business if You Do" #1. That was fun--but it doesn't mean anything, really. This does. A man's life is at stake. On a larger scale, whether or not the federal government can interfere with the doctor-patient-relationship is being determined here, too. My medical marijuana case will probably be decided along similar lines as this case (the events are parallel), so please, if you said, "When Peter's trial gets closer, I'm going to do something," then, please, NOW is the time to do it. If the defendant in this case (Mr. Smith) is acquitted, my case may be dismissed as well. This means I can return to my medical marijuana to keep down my AIDS medications and get back to healing again. Yes, this means I will miss my day in court. My Lana Turner (the Ross Hunter years) fantasy will have to be sacrificed to good health this time around. Norma Desmond I'm not, and I'm too old to play "Camille." (smile) Please e-mail all the activist organizations you belong to. This is a state's rights issue if there ever was one, so all the true conservatives should be in board. The government's about to put an old sick guy in prison for a ten-year minimum; that should get the compassionate liberals onboard. You know what language and angle your group will need to hear the message best. For example, the Fully Informed Jury Association could not find a better spot to gain national attention. If ever there was a case the screamed out for jury nullification, this is it. Or, the Libertarian Party might call an emergency relocation of the Party's headquarters to Sacramento, there being available to the press and do teach-ins on a variety of issues, such as jury nullification and drug regulation. (Fellow Libertarians, come to Sacramento! And Cato Institute: come along, too!) Almost any freedom-loving organization can find a way to highlight this trial and educate the public about its particular focus of freedom at the same time. Come to Sacramento. Please do what you can to publicize this trial. Please e-mail all your favorite publications, programs (both radio and television), web sites, and chat rooms, explaining why coverage of this trial is important. This Sacramento federal trial is no less than the Gettysburg in the War on Drugs. (The lead defense attorney is West Point graduate, Tom Ballanco. The Judge and Mr. Smith are Vietnam veterans.) Let's challenge General McCaffrey to come to Sacramento and fight for the hearts and minds of the American people. The people in California have already decided - in November 1996 with the passage of Proposition 215. General McCaffrey, how about a debate between you and Mr. Ballanco on Larry King, Nightline, 20/20, Dateline? Folks, get those e-mails flowing! General McCaffrey, sir: a decisive battle in the War on Drugs is being fought next week. It is a peaceful battle. It is, in fact, a battle for peace. Peace on drugs. Come, defend your position, sir. You will receive a cordial, open, and fair forum. General McCaffrey, come to Sacramento. What a wonderful time for your to set a whole new course in American drug policy - one of regulation, not prohibition; education, not propaganda. This will be the trial people will talk about years to come, as they do Roe vs. Wade. Any freelance writers among you looking for a story? Go cover the trial. (Now, really, wouldn't you have liked to have been at the Scopes trial?) Have you ever said, "I want to go somewhere some day and protest against the government's interfering with patient's right to use marijuana as well as the way the government is invading our lives more and more each day"? Well, if so, this is the day. If you ever said, "I wish I had the chance to have marched with King in Selma," then come to Sacramento. Protest in front of the Capitol building, home of California attorney General Bill Locker. He could, at the very least, file a friend-of-the-court brief on behalf of Mr. Smith. At best, he could ask for the prisoner to be handed over to California medical jurisdiction, and declare that where medicine is concerned, state law supercedes federal law. Period. Mr. Smith is a devout born-again-Christian. Christians of all denominations are welcome to come and support a brother in Christ. However you feel about medical marijuana, a brother is in trouble and in need of you ministry. Didn't Jesus say, "I was in prison and you came to visit me," as an example of doing unto the least of these, which meant doing unto Jesus Himself? Christians, come to Sacramento. It is Spring in Sacramento, California. The weather is beautiful this time of year and inexpensive motel rooms are just outside of town. Sacramento is really a medium-to-small-sized town in the middle of the most glorious farm country in the world. Nature's abundance is in every direction. No matter from which way you approach Sacramento, it's a lovely drive through mile after mile of green fields--like Oz, I suppose. Sacramento is a friendly town. But, please, everyone be on your best behavior. We're here to support someone who may spend life in prison for treating his illness. It is hardly an occasion for a celebration. Our cause has the support of more than 65 percent of American public. We have the winning hand. We can afford to be polite, tolerant, and good-natured, as we help codify the will of the American people. Alas, I'm not well enough to travel, and even if I were, I can't go north of Santa Barbara as a condition of my bail release. So be there for me. Stand up for me. I can cheerlead from the sidelines. Let's make Sacramento the impromptu gathering place for all those who value the Constitution, liberty, and religious freedom. If you'd like to go and need to summon the necessary enthusiasm, click here: http://www.mcwilliams.com/books/doit/ If you have money, give it. I've never asked for money for myself (except a few select friends and, of course, my mother, bless her), but I am asking you to donate to this defense. Sponsor other people to come with you to Sacramento. Bring all your friends. Make it a spontaneous vacation. Oh, yes, and please send money to Mr. Smith's Defense Fund. The attorneys on this case are representing Mr. Smith for next to nothing. They are there because they believe in the cause of personal liberty. With money, they can more effectively present the case to the jury and the press, as well as be prepared for immediate appeals if necessary. This case may wind up in the U.S. Supreme Court. So, please, come to Sacramento. If you clicked the link above, you want to go. Remember the description of the link? "If you'd like to go and need to summon the necessary enthusiasm, click here:" You can make it happen. Check the tires on the car. Make airline reservation. Come to Sacramento. Jury selection begins this Tuesday. Come to Sacramento. Send me e-mail reports from the local Kinko's. I'll send them around to those who are anxiously following the events on the Internet and national television and donating lots of money. And as the Battle Hymn of the Republic swells in the background, I turn you over to the attorneys in the case, who will give you news of the latest outrages. What has been written up to here is entirely my own doing and I am personally responsible for all of it. I discussed this matter with no one prior to sending this to my general e-mail list. This is a personal request from me alone. I represent no group or no other person or persons. This is a recording. Charge! Enjoy, Peter ----- Original Message ----- From: (MARswebz@aol.com) To: (firstname.lastname@example.org) Sent: Saturday, May 15, 1999 5:34 PM Subject: Sound the Alarm Dear Friends, Please circulate this press release far and wide. It is just a generic one, please feel free to add to or change it anyway you like. As many of you already know, Judge Burrell has denied every one of our defenses and has prohibited us from mentioning Prop. 215, though that is obviously the central issue in the case. Our only hope at this point lies in the Californians who will comprise the jury (the judge has also denied us the ability to conduct voir dire of prospective jurors, he will ask all the questions). We need a packed courtroom and we need the press to make sure that B.E. does not go quietly into the night. We also need the prayers and good intentions of all who care, united we stand. . . . You are the Paul Reveres out there Thanks for your help, Tom, B.E. and Booker FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE VIETNAM VETERAN ON TRIAL IN FIRST MEDICAL MARIJUANA CASE TO GO TO FEDERAL JURY TRIAL SINCE PASSAGE OF CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 215 DATE: May 18, 1999 @ 9:00 A.M. LOCATION: U.S. District Court Sacramento, CA (5th/I St.) Jury selection begins today in a case so contentious that defense attorneys have twice asked for U.S. District Court Judge Garland Burrell to recuse himself. [Burrell gained notoriety as the judge who presided over the prosecution of Unabomber Ted Kaczynski.] During the last pretrial hearing, Burrell ordered U.S. Marshalls to forcibly remove defense counsel from the podium. Defendant B.E. Smith is charged with cultivation of marijuana in violation of federal law. Smith, a Vietnam veteran who suffers from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, treats his anxiety with medical marijuana under his doctor's orders. In June 1997, he planted a small medical marijuana garden on land he leased in the backwoods of Trinity County California. Smith, an outspoken advocate of medical marijuana notified state and local authorities and appeared on national television before planting his garden. State authorities declined to prosecute Smith because of his compliance with the parameters of California Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Act. Instead the case was turned over to law enforcement officers of the U.S. Forest Service, a federal agency, so that Smith might be prosecuted under federal law which, the government maintains, is not effected by Prop. 215. The U.S. Government is seeking to make an example out of Smith to discourage others from attempting to implement Proposition 215. Smith's case is bolstered by the release last month of the National Institute of Health Institute of Medicine Report that found medical marijuana to be an effective remedy in treating a variety of ailments including stress, anxiety and loss of appetite. Smith expects to call country music star Merle Haggard and actor Woody Harrelson, both long-time friends and admirers, as witnesses during the trial. CONTACTS: B.E. Smith 916-649-1300 x 322 Thomas J. Ballanco, esq. [Atty. for B.E. Smith] 916-649-1300 x 1421 Robert L. Booker, esq. [Atty. for B.E. Smith] 916-649-1300 x 1421 R. Steven Lapham, esq. [Ass't. U.S. Atty.] 916-554-2724
------------------------------------------------------------------- Court Backs Border Patrol Traffic Stop (An Associated Press article in the San Jose Mercury News says a 2-1 ruling Thursday by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ignores widespread concern about racial profiling and allows Border Patrol agents to consider ethnicity among other factors when they make traffic stops.) Date: Mon, 17 May 1999 14:52:30 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Court Backs Border Patrol Traffic Stop Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: NewsHound Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Copyright: 1999 Mercury Center Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ COURT BACKS BORDER PATROL TRAFFIC STOP Ethnicity Can Be Used As Factor, Divided Panel Rules SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -- Border Patrol agents can consider ethnicity among other factors when they make traffic stops, a federal appeals court ruled in a case involving two Latino men who turned their cars around to avoid a highway checkpoint. The ruling comes at a time when the use of a subject's ethnic background as the basis for traffic stops is receiving increasing attention across the country. In a 2-1 ruling, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on Thursday upheld the detention of two Latino men stopped 50 miles inside the U.S. after they tried to avoid a highway checkpoint. The court said it was appropriate that among the things the officers considered in making the stop was the fact the men turned around and that they were Hispanic. Writing for the majority, visiting U.S. District Court Judge Frank C. Damrell of Fresno pointed out a U.S. Supreme Court decision in a 1975 case, in which the court listed a number of things the police could consider in such an instance. Among them were the character of the area, nearness to the border, traffic patterns, previous smuggling problems in the area, the officer's experience and the behavior of the passengers. In the current case, a motorist advised authorities at a checkpoint that two cars with Mexican plates had turned around about a mile from the checkpoint. Officers spotted the cars; they noted the occupants were Latino, that the cars appeared to be traveling together and that the passenger in one of the cars began reading a newspaper as they were being followed. The men, German Espinoza Montero-Camargo and Lorenzo Sanchez-Gillen, were stopped and asked about their citizenship and why they turned around. Agents searched both cars and found two large bags of marijuana and a .32-caliber pistol. The men were charged; the ruling upheld Montero-Camargo's conditional guilty plea to conspiracy to possess marijuana with intent to distribute and Sanchez-Guillen's conviction on the same charge and for being an illegal alien possessing ammunition. In the ruling, Damrell, joined by Judge Dairmuid O'Scannlain, said avoiding the checkpoint wasn't in itself enough to justify the stop. But he said there were several other reasons, including the two cars traveling together, the ethnic origin of the men, the agents' prior experience and the past use of the area as a drug drop-off zone. In his dissent, Judge Alex Kozinski wrote, "None of the `numerous other factors' cited by the majority justify the stop in our case." He also cited a 1994 case in which the same court ruled that reasonable suspicion can't be based on broad profiles that cast suspicion on entire categories of people.
------------------------------------------------------------------- County Wants To Stop Hemp Fest (The South Bend Tribune, in Indiana, says officials in Cass County, Michigan, want to nip Hemp Aid '99 in the bud. The four-day, three-night festival has taken place every Memorial Day weekend since 1993 at Rainbow Farm in Vandalia. Scheduled to appear this year are comedian Tommy Chong, the High Times Cannabis Cup Band and the Billy Bongster Band. A county ordinance requires permits for outdoor gatherings of more than 500 people, but not for events that are sponsored by non-profit organizations. At issue is whether Hemp Fest '99 is, in fact, sponsored by such an organization.)Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 04:26:10 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IA: County Wants To Stop Hemp Fest Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Tom Paine Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: South Bend Tribune (IA) Website: http://www.sbtinfo.com/ Author: Gina Barton COUNTY WANTS TO STOP HEMP FEST CASSOPOLIS -- If Cass County officials have their way, comedian Tommy Chong, the High Times Cannabis Cup Band and the Billy Bongster Band will have to cancel their trips to Vandalia for Hemp Aid '99. Hemp Aid is a four-day, three-night festival that has taken place at Rainbow Farm over Memorial Day weekend since 1993. Its purpose is to promote hemp awareness. (Marijuana is hemp's most well-known byproduct.) More than 3,000 people attended last year's event. The county is asking the courts to cancel the event because the owner of the farm, Grover Tom Crosslin, does not have a permit for it. The county's lawsuit -- filed in Cass County Circuit Court by the law firm representing the county, Kreis Enderle Callander and Hudgins -- also asks that a similar Labor Day weekend event called Roach Roast '99 be canceled for the same reason. "They're out after us because we're out to promote the legalization of marijuana," said Doug Leinbach, manager of the Rainbow Farm Camp Ground. A county ordinance requires permits for outdoor gatherings of more than 500 people. The ordinance also lays out safety regulations and rules for items such as food service, insurance, traffic control and waste disposal. However, events that are sponsored by or conducted by a not-for-profit organization are not required to have a permit. At issue is whether Hemp Fest '99 is, in fact, sponsored by such an organization. Leinbach says the event is sponsored by the Columbus Institute of Contemporary Journalism, an Ohio-based tax exempt group. Two years ago, a similar lawsuit filed by the county was dismissed when this was proven to be true. In the more recent lawsuit, the county's attorneys claim the institute is no longer in good standing with the Ohio secretary of state and the Internal Revenue Service has no record of the institute. Leinbach disagrees. "They're a legal entity," he said. "This is the same thing we had to do two years ago. We've got to shell out $10,000 for legal representation. (The county) is trying to put us out of business." Neither Terry Proctor, county administrator, nor R. James Guse, chairman of the board of commissioners, could be reached for comment Friday afternoon. The lawsuit is scheduled for a court hearing May 24, just four days before Hemp Aid '99 is set to begin. Admission to Hemp Aid is $40 per person, Leinbach said. The admissions generally bring in close to $50,000 annually, but most of the money is spent on things like entertainment, insurance and advertising. However, the money donated to the Columbus Institute of Contemporary Journalism is enough to publish two editions of its quarterly journal, said Robert J. Fitrakis, executive director. In addition to publishing the journal, the institute distributes an anti-racist action newsletter. It also sponsors a group called "For A Better Ohio," which promotes the industrial use of hemp, Fitrakis said. Industrial hemp contains virtually no tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the chemical that gives marijuana its mild hallucinogenic effect, and can be used in rope, fabric and other products.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Miami Drug Gang, Suspended Detective Charged In Roundup (The Tampa Tribune says the Boobie Boys, a Miami gang blamed by police for 35 killings, including that of a 5-year-old boy, was dismantled Friday with a roundup targeting a suspended detective and 14 other reputed gang members. The police detective, Marvin Baker, a 16-year veteran of the Miami-Dade department, was accused of ripping off cocaine dealers during traffic stops, and federal prosecutors charged he worked with Boobie Boys leader Kenneth Williams and gang members to steal their customers' money and cocaine.) Date: Tue, 18 May 1999 03:22:29 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: Miami Drug Gang, Suspended Detective Charged In Roundup Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Chase Pubdate: May 15th 1999 Source: Tampa Tribune (FL) Copyright: 1999, The Tribune Co. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.tampatrib.com/ Forum: http://tampabayonline.net/interact/welcome.htm MIAMI DRUG GANG, SUSPENDED DETECTIVE CHARGED IN ROUNDUP MIAMI - A police officer and members of the Boobie Boys gang are arrested, but the gang's leader is a fugitive. One of Miami's most savage drug gangs, blamed by police for 35 killings - including a 5-year-old boy - was dismantled Friday with a roundup targeting a suspended detective and 14 other reputed gang members. ``This was a very ruthless, a very violent gang,'' said Miami-Dade Police Chief Carlos Alvarez. ``It became quite apparent that we had basically a drug war on our hands.'' The Boobie Boys gang killed to establish its turf and to retaliate against rivals as it built a drug empire that smuggled nearly 5 tons of cocaine from Panama and the Bahamas and delivered to 25 Florida cities and 12 states, police said. The gang's favorite method of attack was the drive-by shooting, and they wounded more than 100 people since 1993, police said. Police displayed an AK-47 assault rifle, a semiautomatic pistol and other guns they said the gang used. ``We see the carnage that is, sad to say, the result of the combination of guns and drugs,'' said Patti Galupo, Miami chief of the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. She said an AK-47 was bought ``to go people hunting.'' In a 1995 shooting, a 5-year-old boy was slain with two adults. Two men were shot dead in another attack at a gas station last year. A federal indictment Friday charges six defendants with the two sets of killings. All 15 defendants face possible life terms on a conspiracy charge alleging an $85 million wholesale drug operation. Marvin Baker, 41, a 16-year veteran Miami-Dade police officer was arrested Thursday and charged with drug conspiracy. He was suspended with pay after he was charged last September in state court with racketeering conspiracy, armed cocaine trafficking and armed robbery. Internal investigators accused him of ripping off cocaine dealers during traffic stops, and federal prosecutors charged he worked with Boobie Boys leader Kenneth Williams and gang members to steal their customers' money and cocaine. A $56,000 reward has been posted for Williams, one of four fugitives. Eight suspects made their initial court appearances in handcuffs Friday under the new indictment. All were held without bond and asked for court-appointed attorneys. Three other gang members were already in custody. The case builds on an indictment filed earlier this year against 21-year-old twin brothers Leonard and Lenard Brown. They were acquitted in state court of a gang hit last December and now face federal charges in the gas station killings. The twins' mother, Susan Hall Gibson, known as ``Miss Sue,'' was among those arrested. She was charged with conspiracy and running a drug house that produced crack and powder cocaine.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Overheated Hype About Hemp (A letter to the editor of the Washington Post from Erwin A. Sholts of the North American Industrial Hemp Council responds to a previous, anti-hemp, green-baiting letter from Jeanette McDougal of Drug Watch/Minnesota. "Our organization . . . is composed entirely of those who support the legal and regulated cultivation of industrial hemp for industrial products. None of us supports marijuana legalization.") Date: Wed, 19 May 1999 23:22:48 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US DC: PUB LTE: Overheated Hype About Hemp Sender: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison Dunbar Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: Washington Post (DC) Page: A21 Copyright: 1999 The Washington Post Company Address: 1150 15th Street Northwest, Washington, DC 20071 Feedback: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Author: Erwin A. Sholts, chairman, North American Industrial Hemp Council OVERHEATED HYPE ABOUT HEMP Jeanette McDougal of Drug Watch/Minnesota badly misled your readers about an important issue of public policy: whether America's farmers should be permitted to grow industrial hemp, as farmers are permitted to do in England, Canada, France and Germany [Free for All, May 8]. McDougal says no, claiming that industrial hemp is marijuana, and that in any event industrial hemp is not an "economic" crop. She could not be more mistaken. In the first place, industrial hemp is not marijuana. Industrial hemp is legally grown throughout Europe and Canada precisely because it has too low a concentration of cannabis's psychoactive ingredient (THC) - often three-tenths of one percent or less - to make it possible to use it as a drug. Moreover, growing industrial hemp is an effective way to undermine marijuana cultivation. This is because industrial hemp degrades, through cross-pollination, the potency of marijuana that is anywhere near it. McDougal's contention that no market exists for industrial hemp is false. This country has a multimillion-dollar hemp market -- for hemp may be legally imported into the United States, even though, illogically, it cannot be grown here. Thus, American farmers are forbidden to supply not only our own domestic market for industrial hemp but also the larger international market. The harm to our farmers is particularly severe, since the price for industrial hemp is good, and will stay good, because of the large and growing list of products that can be made from it. The plant's long fibers and oil are ideal for paper, carpets, building products, fabrics, lotions and many other uses. Recognizing this, legislatures in North Dakota, Virginia, Minnesota and Montana recently have legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp, and other states are moving in the same direction. While wheat today nets a farmer in McDougal's state only $25 an acre, industrial hemp nets a Canadian farmer right across the border more than $250 an acre. It is depression time in rural America. Industrial hemp -- an easily grown, easily processed, rotational crop that replenishes the soil and is significantly more profitable than wheat -- can potentially help save many Minnesotans' and others' family farms from the auction block. Our organization -- including our counsel, James Woolsey, whom McDougal attacks personally -- is composed entirely of those who support the legal and regulated cultivation of industrial hemp for industrial products. None of us supports marijuana legalization. Our board includes representatives of American agriculture and industry, as well as distinguished scientists. McDougal falsely identifies as members of our board two individuals who resigned some time ago and makes a great deal out of the alphabetical order of another organization's Web site listing. The issue of industrial hemp is far too important to be debated on the basis of such ill-informed and frivolous attacks.
------------------------------------------------------------------- House Panel Supports Anti-Alcohol Messages (According to the Arizona Republic, a U.S. House Appropriations subcommittee voted Friday to require that the White House drug czar's five-year, $1 billion youth anti-drug advertising campaign include anti-alcohol messages.) Date: Mon, 17 May 1999 17:53:08 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: House Panel Supports Anti-Alcohol Messages Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: EWCHIEF Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: Arizona Republic (AZ) Copyright: 1999, The Arizona Republic. Contact: Opinions@pni.com Website: http://www.azcentral.com/news/ Forum: http://www.azcentral.com/pni-bin/WebX?azc HOUSE PANEL SUPPORTS ANTI-ALCOHOL MESSAGES A House Appropriations subcommittee voted Friday to require that the federal government's five-year, $1 billion youth anti-drug advertising campaign include anti-alcohol messages as well. By a voice vote, lawmakers approved an amendment by Rep. Lucille Roybal- Allard, D-Calif., requiring the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy to include the ads against underage drinking. The Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, launched last year, has aired numerous messages, mostly on television. Officials say 95 percent of teens see the ads seven times a week. None of the paid advertisements is about the potentially detrimental effects of alcohol, even though alcohol abuse afflicts four times as many people in the United States as drug abuse. About 15 percent of the pro bono public service announcements aired in conjunction with the media campaign deal with alcohol or drunken driving issues. Roybal-Allard previously had expressed concerns about high rates of heavy problem drinking among Mexican-American men.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Just Say No To Drug Reform (The Sydney Morning Herald, in Australia, says "parent" lobby groups such as PRIDE, the Parents Resource Institute for Drug Education, effectively grasped control of the drug debate in the United States back in the 1980s, and have had a disastrous effect. While marijuana use among American students has wavered up and down, the number of those addicted to cocaine and heroin has risen. As public funds were diverted to "zero tolerance" policies and prisons, funds for treatment facilities were slashed. But perhaps the most disturbing impact of the parent groups on U.S. drug policy has been the deep divide it created between public health experts and politicians wishing to court the vocal parent groups. In a perverse way, the parent groups are behind a campaign that pushed Americans in the aggregate away from softer drugs like pot toward harder ones like crack - the exact opposite of what the "gateway" theory would have predicted.) Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 23:33:15 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: Just Say No To Drug Reform Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Kenneth William Russell Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Author: Marian Wilkinson JUST SAY NO TO DRUG REFORM Parent lobby groups have had a disastrous effect on America's drug debate, reports MARIAN WILKINSON in Boston. "Are you waiting to talk to your Kids about Pot?" The hectoring message, sponsored by the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, leaps out at every commuter making their way home on the subway here. Whether America is experiencing a marijuana epidemic is a moot point. The advertisements are testimony to the ongoing influence of the conservative parent lobby groups which effectively grasped control of the drug debate in America back in the 1980s. At that time, as a wave of crack cocaine and heroin addiction swept through the black and Hispanic underclass in the inner cities, middle-class parent lobby groups, such as PRIDE - the Parents Resource Institute for Drug Education - swayed the White House to devote a greater share of its prevention budget to fighting marijuana use among teenagers and promoting "zero tolerance" to all illegal drug use. The net result of these policies in the last two decades has been, according to many public health experts, a disaster. While marijuana use among American students has wavered up and down, the number of hard-core drug abusers, those addicted to cocaine and heroin, has risen. As public funds were diverted to the "zero tolerance" policy, funds for treatment facilities and detox centres in the inner cities were slashed. At the same time, the country's imprisonment rate has soared as more and more low level dealers and addicts are jailed for drug offences. But perhaps the most disturbing impact of the parent lobby on US drug policy is the deep divide it has created between public health experts in this country and the politicians wishing to court the vocal parent groups. America's politicians will quash advice from many of their own public health experts if it clashes with parent demands. President Clinton's Health Secretary was persuaded to drop federal funding support for needle exchange programs after the conservative Family Research Council lobbied Clinton's drug tsar, General Barry McCaffrey. This was despite the President's AIDS Advisory Commission supporting the initiative. Parent lobbying against marijuana use also has had an extraordinary impact in the criminal justice system. Arrests for marijuana offences have doubled even under Clinton, and the vast majority of these, some 90 per cent, are for simple possession. The Republican Congress, not to be outdone, has passed laws denying student loans to anyone caught in possession of marijuana. Throughout the 1980s public health experts who argued against zero tolerance policies or tried to focus the debate away from marijuana and onto treating hard core drug abuse were hounded by parent lobbies for being "soft on drugs". Some, like Dr Jerome Jaffe, one of the country's most authoritative experts on drug addiction, found themselves harangued before congressional committees at the urging of parent lobbyists. The hysteria in America's drug debate has left specialists like Jaffe despairing. "Things are so open to demagogy in this country," he told the Herald in a recent interview. "If you say anything that sounds as if we ought to do something a little different, you're immediately accused of being a legaliser. There isn't much room for rational debate." When Ronald and Nancy Reagan were installed in the White House the parent lobbyists persuaded Reagan to appoint a new drug tsar whose dominant interest was in the control of marijuana abuse. Under Dr Carlton Turner, formerly of the University of Mississippi, the White House turned US drug policy on its head. Gone were moves to liberalise marijuana laws. Turner, backed by the parent lobbies, quashed any distinction between "soft" and "hard" drugs, or the recreational use of drugs and hard core addiction. The new policy was to be "zero tolerance" to all illegal drugs. The First Lady would be the parents' most vocal advocate in the White House. Under the new policy, criminal prosecution of drug offenders was stepped up. Most importantly, the policy was openly hostile to the idea of treating drug abuse, calling it the failed New York model, and federal funding for treatment programs was slashed. In some sense, the parent lobbyists brought important balance to drug policy, forcing public officials and experts to examine the effect of so-called soft drugs when they were used, not by adults, but young teenagers. Marijuana use, often seen as relatively harmless, was at times not even treated as seriously as alcohol and tobacco abuse. But by allowing these parent lobby groups to drive US drug policy with its concentration of teenage marijuana use, drug researcher Michael Massing argues that the Reagan Administration inadvertently helped create the worst drug epidemic in American history. By making marijuana the priority, the President's own drug tsar and his federal officers failed to understand the upsurge in crack cocaine use in the inner cities until it was too late. As hard core drug abuse soared, drug-related visits to hospital emergency rooms, basically overdoses, rose 15-fold, cocaine-related deaths leapt, as did drug use among pregnant women, drug-related homicides and drug-related HIV. Tragically, what happened demonstrated the cost of completely marginalising the drug policy experts in favour of the parent lobby groups. The crack epidemic, says Massing in his authoritative book on postwar US drug policy, The Fix, was "a sweeping repudiation of the gateway theory so beloved by the parent movement", that is, if you reduce casual, soft drug use you ultimately reduce hard core abuse. "Instead in eight years," he explains, "casual use had declined while hard-core use had soared. In a perverse way, the Administration had succeeded in pushing Americans in the aggregate way from softer drugs like pot toward harder ones like crack - the exact opposite of what the gateway theory would have predicted." The lesson is not that the conservative parent lobbies be ignored but that drug policy, like most public policy, does need the input of expert advice. The highpoint of influence for the parent lobbies was no doubt during the Reagan and Bush Republican Administration and internal divisions since then have undercut some of their power. But their influence over the debate is still critical. President Clinton came into office with a more liberal drug policy but quickly ditched it as political advisers and pollsters argued teenage pot use was of far more interest to swing voters, mainly parents. While Clinton has belatedly increased funding for drug abuse programs in the inner cities he steers away from any initiatives on harm minimisation. Increasingly, alternative voices among parents are being heard: parents of young drug offenders imprisoned for lengthy sentences and parents of overdose victims who couldn't get treatment places but their appeal to US politicians is limited. In the US the strident voice of the conservative parent lobbies and poll-conscious politicians still overwhelm other voices for reform. The very fact that Australia can have a more balanced debate is viewed in the States as a major achievement in itself. As Jerome Jaffe told the Herald, "England sent us the Puritans and you the criminals; perhaps you people are a little more tolerant and a little more forgiving of sin."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Using: Nearly Everybody's Doing It (The Sydney Morning Herald says the latest National Drug Strategy Household Survey found that 39.3 per cent of Australians had used marijuana at some time in their lives, 10.7 per cent hallucinogens, 8.7 per cent amphetamines, 4.7 per cent Ecstasy and designer drugs, 4.3 per cent cocaine and 2.2 per cent heroin. One supposes most of the rest of the population had used more dangerous but legal drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and various pharmaceuticals - but the newspaper and maybe the survey don't say. Australians are estimated to spend about $14 billion a year on illicit drugs, not including a marijuana harvest "so big it is too difficult to estimate." Thirty per cent of males and 21 per cent of females said they had used marijuana "recently." The highest marijuana usage, 44 per cent, was among males aged 20-29.) Date: Tue, 18 May 1999 00:41:09 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Australia: Using: Nearly Everybody's Doing It Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Kenneth William Russell Pubdate: Sat, 15 May 1999 Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Author: Philip Cornford USING: NEARLY EVERYBODY'S DOING IT Australians are estimated to spend about $14 billion a year on illicit drugs. They spent $4 billion injecting 10 tonnes of heroin, $4 billion snorting about the same amount of cocaine, an estimated $4-$6 billion on amphetamines. The harvest of the most commonly used drug, marijuana, is so big it is too difficult to estimate. But it is huge. By their own admission, 46 per cent of Australians older than 14 use heroin, cocaine, marijuana and amphetamines. Some are multiple-drug users. In many cases, the real number of users is greater than admitted to. The latest National Drug Strategy Household Survey found that 39.3 per cent of Australians had used marijuana, 10.7 per cent hallucinogens, 8.7 per cent amphetamines, 4.7 per cent Ecstasy and designer drugs, 4.3 per cent cocaine and 2.2 per cent heroin. Increasingly, users are becoming younger as pushers target school-age children. But the survey reveals that the greatest threat is to young females, and it comes from heroin dealers. Usually, male heroin users outnumber females more than 2-1. But in the 14-19 age group, the situation is reversed: female users (1.4 per cent) outnumber males (0.5 per cent) 3-1. In the three years since the last survey in 1996, heroin use among young females increased by almost 60 per cent. But by age 21, the equation is restored, with twice as many male users. Males start later. In the same period, marijuana use shot up among females aged 14-19 - from 19.9 per cent in 1996 to 34.2 per cent, level with usage among males of the same ages. Illicit drug users buy their preference on the street, in cafes, hotels, practically everywhere, at prices that range from $20 for a "tab" of heroin to $100 for an amphetamine "deal". There is no shortage of customers and only seldomly a shortage of drugs. The drug market: MARIJUANA: There is a growing acceptance of marijuana, with a quarter of the adult population saying it was not a law problem. Thirty per cent of males and 21 per cent of females - more than 2.7 million people - said they had used marijuana recently. The highest usage (44 per cent) was among males aged 20-29. In the same group, 29 per cent of females used the drug, up six per cent. Recent users included 547,000 males and females aged 19 years and younger. Marijuana is grown everywhere in Australia. High potency "skunk" or "hydro" costs $30-$50 for a one-gram "deal". HEROIN: Since 1995, more people - 37 per cent, up from 30 per cent - associate heroin with the drug problem. Two per cent - about the number of users - considered heroin acceptable. They consume an estimated 10-14 tonnes a year of mostly No4 heroin imported from Burma, Thailand, Laos, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Cambodia, the People's Republic of China, and Colombia. Heroin costs $20 for a "tab" of 0.02 grams at Cabramatta, the cheapest in Australia, and $50 elsewhere. It is also called smack, horse, hammer, H, China white, is almost universally injected and sometimes smoked. COCAINE: Known as coke, nose candy, snow and okey-dokey, it is imported from Colombia, Peru, Bolivia. There are twice as many cocaine users - 3.8 per cent of males, 1.1 per cent of females - than heroin users. But less is known about the regularity of use, with cocaine becoming as much a status symbol as an expensive car or a luxury apartment. But law enforcement agencies cautiously estimate that the total consumption of cocaine is about the same as heroin. Often cocaine costs more, up to $80 a "cap". Health professionals report that cocaine users are more aggressive and anti-social than heroin users. When influenced by the drug, they believe themselves to be invincible. Police regard cocaine users in need of a "fix" as more dangerous than heroin users. Cocaine is usually snorted. The Bureau of Criminal Intelligence reports a "disturbing" trend to injection. AMPHETAMINES: Called speed, uppers, goey, whiz, amphetamines are most commonly injected, with 4.7 per cent of males and 1.7 of females reporting recent use. A street "deal" costs $100 in Sydney. Again, the market is difficult to estimate, but is regarded by some police as bigger than either heroin or cocaine. ECSTASY: The use of designer drugs doubled in three years to 5.1 per cent of males and 1.5 per cent of females. Known as ecky, XTC and Adam, the "hug drug" costs $40-$60 a tab in Sydney and is usually taken orally. STEROIDS: Use has increased to 3.9 per cent of males and 0.7 per cent of females.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Stoned Age Artists May Have Been On A Trip (The Guardian, in Britain, says hemp seeds and spores of 'magic mushrooms' found in excavations in France and Spain suggest that the hazy and often upside-down bison and stickmen of primitive artists may have been painted under the influence of psychoactive substances. "It is too early to talk about proof, but there are striking similarities with modern hallucinogenic art," said David Cowland, who delivers a lecture at Bradford university next week on cannabis finds at prehistoric sites.)Date: Sat, 15 May 1999 14:45:52 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: UK: Stoned Age Artists May Have Been On A Trip Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: 15 May 1999 Source: Guardian, The (UK) Copyright: Guardian Media Group 1999 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Author: Martin Wainwright STONED AGE ARTISTS MAY HAVE BEEN ON A TRIP A whole new meaning has been given to the term Stone Age by archaeologists who have discovered an unexpected inspiration for prehistoric cave art. Hemp seeds and spores of 'magic mushrooms' found in excavations suggest that the hazy and often upside-down bison and stickmen of primitive artists may have been painted in the course of drugs trips. 'It is too early to talk about proof, but there are striking similarities with modern hallucinogenic art,' said David Cowland, who delivers a lecture at Bradford university next week on cannabis finds at prehistoric sites. 'Cave paintings have a formlessness and unexpected mixing, for instance of mammoths and vivid red dots, and the artists clearly had no shortage of appropriate fungi and plants.' Research centres on wall-paintings in caves in France and Spain dating back to 16,000BC where ritual, often associated with drug use, is thought to have played an important part. Mr Cowland, a postgraduate at Bradford's archaeology department, said: 'We know that shamans, credited with magic powers, were important in primitive societies, and the use of magic mushrooms tallies with that.' Moulds, including the powerfully hallucinogenic ergot found on rotting vegetation, were common in caves, and deliberate use also appears to have been made of the toadstool, amanita muscaria, or fly agaric. The Greek historian, Herodotus, recorded travellers' descriptions of cannabis rituals dating back to much earlier times among Scythian tribespeople on the border between Siberia and Mongolia. 'They take some hemp seed, creep into a small tent and throw the seed on to hot stones. At once it begins to smoke, giving off a vapour unsurpassed by any vapour bath one could find in Greece. The Scythians enjoy it so much that they howl with pleasure.' Mr Cowland said that recent finds at Pazyryk in the Altai mountains confirmed the account. Digs had located burnt hemp seeds and a primitive censer. Richard Morris, director of the British Council for Archaeology, said that references to cannabis, opium and other drug finds were increasingly common in excavation reports from what, he said, 'should perhaps be renamed the Stoned Age'. *** To: (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Robert Goodman (email@example.com) From: "CRRH mailing list" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Date: Sun, 16 May 1999 11:22:49 -500 Subject: UK: Stoned Age Artists May Have Been On A Trip Peter Lamborn Wilson said this years ago. He's seen even more direct indication of prehistoric art's depiction of psychedelic effects -- like drawings of mushrooms next to pictures of people with sparks coming out of their heads! Robert -------------------------------------------------------------------
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