------------------------------------------------------------------- ACLU Urges Court To Change Marijuana Measure Title ('Associated Press' Notes Officials In Oregon Are Continuing Their Effort To Recriminalize Possession Of Less Than One Ounce Of Marijuana, This Time By Wording The Repeal Measure's Ballot Title To Confuse Voters) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 13:31:02 EST From: Todd Olson
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Ballot Title Press ACLU urges court to change marijuana measure title SALEM--The ballot title for a marijuana measure is confusing and fails to inform voters that a yes vote would make possession of less than an ounce a crime, the Oregon Supreme Court was told Tuesday. The American Civil Liberties Union made the argument as it urged the court to rewrite the title for the measure that will be on the ballot in November. The 1997 Oregon Legislature reversed a 1973 law that reduced the possession of less than an ounce of marijuana from criminal activity to an infraction, similar to a traffic ticket. Lawmakers passed a new law that makes possession of small amounts of marijuana a crime again, punishable by up to a $1,000 fine and 30 days' imprisonment. But marijuana proponents blocked the law by gathering enough signatures to force a statewide vote. At issue in Tuesday's arguments before the Supreme Court was the ballot title that was approved by the state attorney general's office. It says: "Makes possession of limited amount of marijuana (a) Class C Misdemeanor." The ACLU said the ballot title must be more clear. "It does not specify the amount of marijuana involved," ACLU attorney Katherine McDowell told the court. "The average person reading this ballot title may not know whether this increases or decreases the penalty." Justice Susan Graber asked Erika Hadlock, an assistant attorney general, why the title did not include the amount of marijuana in question. Hadlock said that, among other things, the attorney general's office couldn't come up with a better phrase in 10 words, the limit for ballot titles. The Supreme Court didn't indicate when it would rule. --- The Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Measure Lights Up In Court - Ballot Title At Issue In Front Of Supreme Court (Different 'Associated Press' Account Broadcast By KOIN, Portland's CBS Affiliate) KOIN Channel 6 Portland, Oregon http://www.koin.com/ letters to editor: email@example.com Associated Press Pot Measure Lights Up in Court Ballot Title at Issue In Front of Supreme Court SALEM, Posted 9:51 a.m. January 07, 1998 -- Usually, re-criminalization of marijuana is an issue that sparks debate. But yesterday, the ballot title for a marijuana measure fired up in front of the Oregon Supreme Court. The American Civil Liberties Union says the ballot title is confusing. The organization's lawyers argue it fails to inform voters that a "yes" vote would make possession of less than an ounce of pot a crime, according to The Associated Press. The ACLU urged the court Tuesday to rewrite the title for the measure that will appear on the statewide ballot this fall. Currently it reads: "Makes possession of limited amount of marijuana (a) Class C Misdemeanor." The ACLU says the ballot title needs to be clearer. "It doesn't specify the amount of marijuana involved," ACLU attorney Katherine McDowell told the court yesterday. "The average person reading this ballot title may not know whether this increases or decreases the penalty." During the 20-minute hearing, Justice Susan Graber asked Erika Hadlock, an assistant attorney general, why the title did not include the amount of marijuana in question. Hadlock responded that the attorney general's office couldn't come up with a better phrase in 10 words, the limit for ballot titles. The ACLU's McDowell offered this alternative: "Makes possessing less than one ounce of marijuana a crime." The Supreme Court didn't indicate when it would rule. Copyright 1998 by The Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- NewsBuzz - On The Rocks ('Willamette Week' In Portland Quotes A Few Statistics On Annual Alcohol Use In Oregon - But Perhaps Since There Is No War Against Alcohol Users, Doesn't Mention Dozens Of Oregon Teens Who Die In Car Accidents After Drinking It, Or More Than One Thousand Other Oregonians Who Die From Drinking It, While Thousands Of Others Are In Jails, Prisons For Nontoxic Cannabis) Willamette Week Portland, Oregon Jan. 7, 1998 http://www.wweek.com/ letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org NewsBuzz - On the Rocks Still feeling a bit rough around the edges from New Year's Eve? Sober up with this alcohol-related trivia: * Oregon ranks 31st in the nation in per capita consumption of alcohol. New Hampshire has the highest consumption, West Virginia the lowest. * The best-selling spirit in Oregon is vodka from Hood River Distillery. * Liquor sales in December are twice what they are in January. --JS
------------------------------------------------------------------- Losers - Oregon Department Of Corrections (Scoreboard Column In 'Willamette Week' Notes DOC Has Been Breaking Law For Three Years By Not Making All Prisoners Work Full Time) Willamette Week Portland, Oregon January 7, 1998 http://www.wweek.com/ letters to editor: email@example.com 'Scoreboard' column - A tally of the week's winners and losers - Losers: 3. Three years after voters passed an initiative requiring state prison inmates to work full time, the State Department of Corrections still isn't complying--though not for a lack of trying. Today, only 56 percent of the prison population puts in 40 hours a week. Neither is the DOC meeting the requirement that the cost of putting inmates to work be covered by the profits from that work. In order to make up some of this deficit, the DOC decided last month to cut inmate pay by $2 per month. Last time the DOC reduced inmate pay, in December of 1996, prisoners protested--by killing a fellow inmate at the Oregon State Penitentiary.
------------------------------------------------------------------- High Times With Peter Gorman And Art Bell (Thursday Night's Syndicated Radio Talk-Show With Art Bell Features The 'High Times' Writer And Editor Discussing Tours He'll Lead To Peruvian Amazon Featuring Ayahuasca Rituals) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 12:39:53 -1000 From: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com Subject: High Times with Peter Gorman and Art Bell An impressive first takes place tomorrow night (January 8/9) when America listens to High Times Magazine executive editor Peter Gorman as a special guest on Art Bell's Coast-to-Coast radio program. Peter Gorman is a remarkable individual who brings a great deal of colorful entertainment, and definitely on-the-edge information, to the program's large audience. Gorman is a noted writer, adventurer and medicinal plant collector, and at High Times Magazine he concentrates on civil liberty issues. He has published articles and papers in numerous national and international magazines, including: The New York Times, The Boston Globe, Omni, Spy, Discovery On-Line, The New York Sunday News, Americas (the magazine of the OAS), Buzzworm, Das Tier, Die Zeit, Elle, Geo, Airone, Geo Mundo, Geographical, New York Newsday, Natura, Now, Panorama, Playboy, Sette, Shaman's Drum, Terre Sauvage, Wildlife Conservation, Penthouse, World, The World and I, VSD, and Zoom. Gorman is highly respected for his research into a wide variety of fields, including indigenous cultures, rainforest destruction, ethnopharmacology, and shamanism. His discovery of the human use of a substance secreted by the phylomedusa bicolor frog has created intense international interest in the potential medicinal properties of the substance. What could be of particular interest is Peter Gorman's current adventure of taking small groups of people into the Peruvian Amazon to participate with curandero shaman in ayahuasca rituals which generate out-of-body travel (much like remote viewing), journeys beyond space and time (time travel), receiving information from plant and animal spirits, and the receiving of cures for common and exotic illnesses. The results being claimed from the use of this ancient brew in this deep jungle setting are extraordinary. His Amazon jaunts are taking place in March, April and August of this year. Check your local radio listings for the time and station for Art Bell with Peter Gorman. You may also listen to the show using Real Audio which may be downloaded from the Art Bell webpage at: http://www.artbell.com/ For more information on Peter Gorman work and his Amazon Jaunts, visit: http://www.aloha.net/~axiom/amazon.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- USS California Deployed To Counter Drug Smuggling (Nuclear Cruiser Disembarks From Bremerton, Washington, For Five-Month Mission To The Caribbean And Tropical Pacific) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 22:34:13 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: WIRE: USS California Deployed To Counter Drug Smuggling Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "sburbank"
Source: The Associated Press Pubdate: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 USS CALIFORNIA DEPLOYED TO COUNTER DRUG SMUGGLING BREMERTON, Wash. (AP) -- The USS California, a nuclear cruiser scheduled for decommissioning next year, has left its Bremerton base for a five-month voyage to fight drug smuggling in the Caribbean and tropical Pacific. The 596-foot ship left Tuesday from its berth at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and is scheduled to arrive in Panama for a port call Jan. 22. The 24-year-old California, one of only two nuclear-powered cruisers left in the Navy, will return to Bremerton in late May. It is scheduled for decommissioning in early 1999. Most of the deployment will be spent monitoring vessel traffic and intercepting suspected international drug smugglers. Tentative plans call for a goodwill port visit to Ecuador in early February and back to Panama later in the month. The ship will pass through the Panama Canal in early March, then spend time in the Caribbean carrying out counter-drug operations there. Port calls are tentatively planned at the island of Curacao and at Cartagena, Colombia. Then more drug-fighting operations are planned in the Pacific before the USS California returns to Bremerton.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Carrying A Gun During Drug Crime Is Defined (US Appeals Court Rules 'Carrying' Means Weapon Must Be Accessible, Reduces 17-Year Sentence) Date: Fri, 9 Jan 1998 21:29:25 -0800 Subject: MN: US: Carrying a Gun During Drug Crime is Defined Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday, 07 Jan, 1998 Section:news.page 4 CARRYING A GUN DURING DRUG CRIME IS DEFINED Carrying a gun during a drug crime - grounds for a mandatory five-year sentence increase - means not merely transporting it in a car but also having it within easy reach, says a federal appeals court. In an 8-3 ruling Monday, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered a reduction in a 17-year drug sentence in Sacramento and weighed in on an issue that has already reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Federal law requires the five-year increase for anyone who carries a gun during and in relation to a violent crime or drug trafficking but does not define "carries."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Zumwalt Denies He Sold Cocaine (Duvall, Washington, City Councilman Denies Charges During Trial) From: "W.H.E.N."
To: "Talk Group" Subject: HT: ART: Councilman denies coke sales Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 19:55:12 -0800 Sender: email@example.com 1997 The Seattle Times Company Wednesday, Jan. 7, 1998 Zumwalt denies he sold cocaine by Ronald K. Fitten Seattle Times staff reporter Duvall City Councilman Dave "Ernie" Zumwalt, on trial for allegedly selling and distributing cocaine, testified yesterday that he never sold drugs to a police informer. Zumwalt's testimony in King County Superior Court contradicted the testimony of the informer, who said he bought a half-gram of cocaine from the councilman at a Duvall tavern in July while police waited outside. The informer testified Monday that he walked up to Zumwalt in the bar and told him he wanted to buy cocaine. He said Zumwalt told him he'd have to wait because the police were parked outside. But after telling Zumwalt he had a friend waiting for him, the informer said Zumwalt agreed to make the sale. He said that he slipped Zumwalt $40 and that shortly afterward the councilman went outside to his van and returned with the cocaine. He said Zumwalt gave him the cocaine in the restroom. But Zumwalt yesterday denied he ever sold the informer drugs. He said, "I told him I didn't have anything," then chided the informer for even raising the question. Zumwalt conceded that he went out to his van but said he returned with his pool cue, not cocaine. When asked by his attorney, Tony Savage, whether he had delivered or sold drugs to the informer July 25, Zumwalt replied, "No sir." He also contradicted testimony on several key issues provided earlier by the police. Zumwalt said when he was arrested Aug. 1 and his van was searched, he was never asked while sitting in the police patrol car whether a vest taken out of his van belonged to him. Police said they found a small quantity of cocaine in the vest. Zumwalt also denied admitting during a police interrogation that he sold drugs to the informer. "They asked me if I had done drugs," Zumwalt said. "I said, `Yes, I have done drugs.' " But when asked whether he'd sold drugs, he testified he told the two officers no. Zumwalt, 41, admitted during direct examination that he received drugs from a drug dealer up until two years ago. He added that though he was still friends with the dealer, he had not received drugs or observed the dealer sell drugs since he quit taking drugs. Ronald K. Fitten's phone message number is 206-464-3251. His e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Professor Roger Roffman From University Of Washington's Medical Marijuana Treatment Program To Be On Seattle Television January 25 Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 10:12:08 -0800 (PST) From: email@example.com (Deran Ludd) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: Prof. Roffman on TV 1/25/98 Sender: email@example.com I noted in the Seattle Times TV guide that the Sunday news program, Upon Reflection (Sundays at 12:30pm on Seattle PBS Channel 9/KCTS), will have Professor Roger Roffman on the show on Jan. 25, 1998. Prof. Roffman heads up the UW's marijuana treatment program. I know that may sound like a prohibitionist, but Roffman recognizes medicinal use, and I think decrim of some sort. I know the pamphlet on marijuana the dept he teaches in (U of W School of Social Work) issued last fall was very level headed in its assessment of marijuana. I know he and LG Brad Owen had a meeting where Roffman tried to get Brad Owen to at least acknowledge marijuana's medicinal utillity. It could be an interesting show. Those outside Channel 9 area may be able to find Upon Reflection on their local PBS affialiate. cheers Deran Ludd
------------------------------------------------------------------- Editorial - State Supreme Court Handcuffs The Judges ('San Francisco Chronicle' Blames California Supreme Court Judges For Upholding 'Three-Strikes' Law Spawned By Media-Induced Fear And Ignorance) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 21:24:49 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US CA: EDITORIAL -- State Supreme Court Handcuffs the Judges Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ EDITORIAL -- STATE SUPREME COURT HANDCUFFS THE JUDGES IN LIMITING the discretion of judges to apply common sense to sentencing under the ``three strikes'' law, the state Supreme Court went precisely in the wrong direction. Judges need more authority to consider the evidence when applying a law that calls for life imprisonment for third felony convictions. Otherwise California will continue to spend precious resources locking people up for life even when their final felony involves a stolen pizza or a bounced check. The 1994 ``three strikes'' initiative has helped put the state on course to a prison population of 250,000 by 2006. In its latest decision, the Supreme Court significantly narrowed its 1996 ruling that gave judges some latitude to refuse to impose a ``three strike'' sentence if they found that it was too harsh in view of the facts of the case. This new ruling forbids sentence reductions for defendants whose past or present conduct fell within ``the spirit of the three-strikes law.'' So what does all that legalese mean? The upshot is that it means judges are going to have a harder time justifying anything other than a life term for a third felony convic tion -- or ``strike.'' The case that brought the decision involved Reginald Eugene Williams, a Los Angeles area man whose third strike was for driving under the influence of drugs, a charge that can be treated as a felony or misdemeanor. Williams was no angel. He had a long criminal record, and he earned his trip back to prison. But Williams had not been convicted of any violent felonies in 13 years. The judge had sentenced him to nine years, but the prosecution appealed -- citing the ``three strikes law.'' He now faces 28 years to life. The ``three strikes law'' emerged from the public outrage over Richard Allen Davis, a violent predator who kept bouncing in and out of prison until he kidnapped and killed 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma. Keeping the Richard Allen Davises of the world in prison is money well spent. The real ``spirit of three strikes'' was to make sure that such repeat violent offenders do not keep getting extra chances to prey on society. The latest court ruling, however, clings to a rigid formula that is overreaching and expensive. California legislators now must have the political courage to come up with a clear and sensible plan that defines ``third strikes'' as serious and violent felonies. In all other cases, the judges should be free to do their jobs of assessing an appropriate sentence.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ritalin, The Drug Of Student Choice (Letter To Editor Of 'Oakland Tribune') Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 22:35:32 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Ritalin, The Drug Of Student Choice Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Source: Oakland Tribune, LTE section Contact: email@example.com RITALIN, THE DRUG OF STUDENT CHOICE This is in response to an article in the Tribune (Dec. 7) discussing how the drug Ritalin is becoming the "college students' drug of choice." One cannot but find irony in the extreme when, on the one hand we like to think of our schools as drug-free zones, and on the other, be furiously pumping Ritalin into our younger kids in these schools as if trying to set record profits for psychiatrists and the stockholders of pharmaceutical companies. Whose problem are we really trying to solve with this drug, anyway? Anyone who thinks Ritalin is an innocent drug needs to discover why an alleged major side effect of Ritalin is suicide. Basic common sense dictates that any drug that has the power to alter brain chemistry that much is by no means safe. How utterly hypocritical. How can we expect our children to shun drug use and a lifestyle based upon the view that whenever you're having problems you solve it with drugs, when we allow the psychiatric industry to virtually shove it down their throats in record amounts at such an early age? Then wonder in perplexed bewilderment why we now have Ritalin becoming college students' drug of choice. James C. Rego, Concord, California
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cleaned Out (Michael Dix and Tracy Burns, Busted For Marijuana And Cocaine Possession Nine Months Ago, Come Home To Find Cops Have Taken All Their Possessions Without Due Process Because They Didn't Buy Iowa Tax Stamps For The Illegal Drugs) MN: US IA: Cleaned Out Newshawk: "Carl E. Olsen"
Source: Cityview Author: Geoff S. Fein Pubdate: January 7, 1998 Page: 7-8 Contact: Fax: 515-288-0309 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Photo: "I was freaked out. I begged them not to take things. I sat here and watched them rob me." Tracy Burns, With Mike Dix, in their Adel home. Editor's note: This article, with photo, is online at: http://www.commonlink.com/~olsen/DPF/stamps.html Michael Dix and Tracy Burns were busted for marijuana and cocaine possession. Nine months later, cops seized everything from their pickup truck to a pooper scooper. CLEANED OUT Michael Dix and Tracy Burns wear the look of frustration, anger and fear. They moved to Adel four years ago from Waukee. Dix, a plumber, came from East Dubuque, Ill., because of the construction boom and to be closer to his family. The couple's home is several miles off Highway 6. The only noise they hear is the sounds of cooing doves and barking dogs. Inside, borrowed furniture sits upon torn-up floors and semi-finished walls, the byproduct of a remodeling project. Their home is an empty nest. But it wasn't always that way. They had all the things a young couple could want: furniture, a stereo and a VCR. Dix had his tools and a Ford pick-up. And they both had a cocaine problem. On March 10, the couple's home was turned upside down as Dallas County Sheriff's deputies searched for drugs. Months earlier, deputies searched through their garbage for drugs, but came up with only a few seeds and a straw, Dix says. It was, however, enough to get a search warrant for the home. The sheriff was originally tipped off by neighbors who complained about increased traffic on Prospect Ave., a sign of drug dealing, says Dallas County Sheriff Art Johnson. Because no one was home during the raid, deputies left a letter informing the couple of their pending arrest. "Our attorney called them. We agreed to turn ourselves in," Burns says. But the Dallas County Sheriff couldn't wait. "They went behind our lawyer's back and arrested us," Dix says. Burns, 26, and Dix, 37, were arrested March 14 on charges of possession with intent to deliver. The raid turned up 5 grams of marijuana and 48 grams of cocaine. Though they had more than an ounce and a half of cocaine, Burns and Dix deny they were dealers, instead claiming it was for their own use. On June 26, Burns and Dix pleaded guilty to not having a drug tax stamp. The Dallas County attorney dismissed the possession charges, avoiding a trial. The couple were placed on five years probation, paid fines and entered drug treatment. Six months later they're adhering to the court's orders, staying off drugs and working to turn their lives around, Burns says. Little did Burns or Dix know their past would come back to rob them. On Dec. 15, Burns returned to the Dallas County Sheriff's department to retrieve items taken during the March search. She got back all but one - a videotape. The next day she was sitting in her living room when a deputy drove up. "I thought he was coming to drop off the tape," Burns says. Until she say the other vehicles. Deputies and agents of the Iowa Department of Revenue had come to collect on the couple's failure to pay the drug stamp tax. The tax, which sounds more like a leftover from the Revolutionary War, is a way for Iowa to collect on the multi-million dollar drug trade. "It's a means to have this segment of society pay its fair share," says Lucille Hardy, an assistant with the attorney general's revenue division. "It's revenue the state is entitled to." Since Sept. 1990, Iowa has required a stamp be affixed to a baggie of marijuana or a vial of cocaine. Any illegal drug requires a stamp. And it ain't cheap. A $5 tax is due on each gram of marijuana; $250 on each gram of cocaine, heroin or methamphetamine; $750 on each unprocessed marijuana plant; and $400 per 10 pills, from the moment of possession. "This is a business with no income tax, no sales tax, so we enacted an excise tax," Hardy says. Iowa law prevents the Department of Revenue from sharing information on drug tax stamp applicants with law enforcement agencies. Even with that assurance, few people are lining up to admit they are in possession. A program manager with the Department of Revenue says few if any stamps have been sold, except maybe to stamp collectors. Some attorneys have begun telling clients to get the tax stamps, Hardy says. "The number of applicants is small in comparison to the number of people in possession of drugs," she says. TAXING SITUATION Burns and Dix owed the government $24,242.40, half in taxes, half in penalties. Failure to pay results in immediate collection. That's what the state did. During the three-hour seizure, Lori Dennis, an agent of the Iowa Department of Revenue and Finance, and seven sheriff's deputies took six truckloads of items. Among them were stereo equipment, a bug zapper, pooper scooper, bread box, couch and love seat, milk can, 50-foot roll of air hose, Christmas presents, a Thighmaster, Burns' engagement rings and Dix's 1994 Ford Ranger. "I was freaked out. I begged them not to take things," Burns says. "I sat here and watched them rob me." The state took more than 150 items. Neither Burns nor Dix had any idea they owed the money. "No one contacted us about the law," Dix says. "The Department of Revenue said most people don't pay. This is why they don't give notice." The notice sent to Burns and Dix was postmarked the afternoon of Dec.16, the day of the raid. It's possible the notice wasn't even sent until afterward. Dennis wouldn't comment. "We don't have a lot of advance warning, says Don Cooper, Administrator of Compliance with the Department of Revenue. "The usual process is to hand deliver it. It's not a typical case to mail notice of the tax." Nothing about this case is typical. No advance warning is given because violators are usually unwilling to pay the tax. They may hide, sell off their possessions or flee, making it harder for the state to collect, Cooper says. But Burns and Dix say they were willing to work out a payment plan. And it's doubtful they would have fled - both have jobs and own their home. "They were never given a chance to work on a payment plan," says Burns' attorney Dean Stowers. The number of people prosecuted for not buying the stamps is unknown. Hardy says the Attorney General's office collected more than $400,000 in back taxes in 1996. While the Department of Revenue states it's willing to work out payment plans, acceptance of a plan is at the department's discretion. "They are saying they use discretion, but they can't say how. Is it up to the individual revenue officer?" Stowers says. Truth is, Burns and Dix never got the chance to ask about a payment plan. The letter sent to them said if they wanted to discuss a payment plan, they should call the Department of Revenue on Dec. 16. But they didn't get the letter, sent registered mail, until Dec. 18, two days after the raid. During the seizure, Burns says law enforcement went through the house tagging items, acting as if they were on a shopping spree. "They made it sound like they were taking things for their own personal use," Burns says. When she asked to call her attorney, Burns says not only did officers refuse to let her answer the phone without paying $24,242.40, but they tagged the phone and seized it. "I sat in the corner of the room and they stood over me," Burns says. "They said if we listened to them this wouldn't happen." Burns and Dix both believe the reason for the seizure was that they refused to be snitches. When they were arrested in March, the couple says Sheriff's Investigator Kelly Sutten asked them to turn over names. "The police were upset because the people wouldn't become snitches. The cops carried a grudge over this," Stowers says. Sutten was on vacation and unavailable to comment. COPING Dix was in the middle of remodeling the house. The job was made a bit easier when police broke down the door and ripped up the carpet. Losing his tools and feeling victimized by the authorities, however has made it hard for him to continue. "I got so much hard work into this," Dix says. "It's hard to control my anger." Dix was hoping to spend some time over his vacation doing work around the house. But not now. "I'm trying to keep occupied. I have no tools and I'm afraid to buy anything. They could come back and take them." Tools were not the only thing he lost. When authorities took his truck, they directly affected the terms of his probation. Dix can no longer drive to weekly recovery meetings in Des Moines. He's now trying to make arrangements with his probation officer so he isn't charged with violating probation. "No one is making much effort to work with us," Dix says. Burns says she has trouble sleeping and has gone to a doctor because of the raid. "It's scary. They can come in any time and take things," she says. Burns and Dix say they put in long hours at work to keep their minds off their situation. "It's not bad working long hours when you don't have much to come home to," Dix says. "We knew we had five years ahead of us, but we were doing really well. This is like a smack in the face," Burns says. "Now we just sit here and look at nothing we have." *** SEIZED The police wrote this list of items they took from the home of Tracy Burns and Michael Dix for failure to pay the stamp tax on their drugs 1.Kenmore microwave 2.1-gallon jug of pennies 3.Wine rack & contents 4.CDs & rack 5.7 Nintendo 64 games 6.Star Fox 64 games 7.Two blank video tapes 8.Three VCR video tapes (movies) 9.50' roll of yellow airhose 10.Nokia cell phone 11.Pentax 35mm camera 12.Hitachi TV 13.Nintendo 64 14.Hitachi VCR 15.Coffee table 16.Table lamp 17.Wooden TV trays 18.Two hand held video games 19.RCA Dish TV 20.Maglite 21.Bread box 22.Sears Craftsman lawn tractor 23.Couch & love seat 24.Sony boom box radio 25.Telephone stand 26.Oreck XL Vacuum cleaner 27.Avon Michael Jordon watch 28.Gold colored rope style chain 29.Antique style Austin phone 30.Brass plant stand 31.Metal step ladder 32.Miscellaneous hand tools 33.Bread maker 34.Goose cookie jar & pennies inside 35.Black Hills ring 36.Solitaire ring 37.Microwave stand 38.Telephone system 39.Norman Laboratory Speakers 40.Hpm - 60 Speakers 41.One set soft side luggage 42.Table & chairs (dining room) 43.Folding card table (4 chairs) 44.CD file & 12 CDs 45.Box containing 76 CDs 46.Stand up mirror 47.Box & 7 CDs 48.White jug full of pennies 49.Collector plates 50.Collector plates 51.Collector plates 52.Collector plates 53.Collector plates 54.Collector plates 55.Collector plates 56.Collector plates 57.Collector plates 58.Collector plates 59.Collector plates 60.Collector plates 61.Darts & dart case 62.Misc. costume jewelry 63.Florescent lantern 64.Dewalt circular saw 65.Coleman Dual Fuel Lantern 66.Camping stools 67.Delta Mitre saw 68.(illegible) 69.Skil 4 1/2 angle grinder 70.Air compressor regulators 71.Spray gun 72.Spray gun 73.Air heater 74.Tool cabinet & contents 75.Air compressor 76.ICE auger 77.Halogen light 78.Shopvac 79.Battery charger 80.Craftsman chainsaw 81.Fiberglass 6' Ladder 82.(illegible) 83.B & D buffer 84.Whistler radar detector 85.Folding ladder 86.Dewalt drill & case 87.Silver horn saddle (kid size) 88.Adult saddle 89.Four fishing poles 90.Gas trimmer 91.Boat anchor 92.Huffy bike 93.Palm sander 94.Mag cement float 95.Drop cord 96.Swingline stapler 97.Floor support stands 98.Sheet rock square 99.Oreck hand held vac 100.Ford Ranger pick-up truck 101.Drill bit index & bits 102.Halogen lamp 103.Liars bench 104.Tent 105.Hole saw 106.Belt sander 107.Plumber bit kit 108.Three ice fishing poles 109.Tackle box & contents 110.New kitchen faucet 111.Well pump 112.Patio tables & chairs w/umbrella 113.Bug zapper 114.Milk can 115.Servess 5hp roto tiller 116.Turbo wash 117.Almn grain scoop 118.Quasar camcorder 119.Self propelled push mower 120.Paramount weed trimmer 121.Sheridan pellet gun 122.Winston lighter set 123.Bose speaker 124.Elvis decanter 125.Elvis decanter 126.Video rewinder 127.Bushnell binoculars 128.Box of 18 CDs 129.New Ford rim 130.Music box carousel horses 131.Music box carousel horses 132.Music box carousel horses 133.Music box carousel horses 134.Music box carousel horses 135.Music box carousel horses 136.Music box carousel horses 137.Music box carousel horses 138.Brass carousel horse 139.Green bakeware 140.(illegible) 141.Pioneer turntable 142.Backgammon 143.TEAC graphic equalizer 144.Pioneer cassette tape deck 145.Kenwood receiver 146.Sony CD player 147.Elvis decanter 148.Thighmaster 149.Stanley stud finder 150.AM/FM Clock Radio 151.$75 cash 152.$75 cash 153.$75 cash
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ignoring Impact Of Legal Drugs (Syndicated Editorial By Arianna Huffington Of Creators Syndicate Asks Why We Punish People So Severely For Using Illegal Drugs, While Drug Companies Make Billions Selling Mood-Altering Drugs To Millions Of Americans, Including Children?) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 08:45:13 EST Sender: email@example.com From: "Doug Keenan"
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Huffington: Ignoring impact of legal drugs Ignoring impact of legal drugs ARIANNA HUFFINGTON Before the new year gets much older, our airwaves will be filled with anti-drug commercials - paid for in part by you. The Office of National Drug Control Policy in cooperation with the Partnership for a Drug-Free America and the Ad Council will soon launch a $350 million ad campaign against drugs - $175 million to be provided by the American taxpayer. Why not continue to expect corporate America, including the networks, to provide this public service, as they have been doing for years? But there is a larger question that affects the drug war on which the government proposes to spend $16 billion in 1998, a 400 percent increase since 1986. "Why do we have such intense punishment," Dr. Dean Ornish told me, "for people who take drugs illegally while drug companies make billions of dollars in profits every year by selling mood-altering drugs to millions of Americans, including children?" There are undoubtedly some children who are properly diagnosed as clinically depressed and are legitimately prescribed antidepressants, But there are 2.5 million prescriptions filled every year for Zoloft, Prozac and other antidepressants for children under 18. "Shall we dance?" a Zoloft ad asks while a fatherly man is dancing with a young girl in a sun-filled room. "Make it happen," the ad urges us. So, it's great for us to medicate you, but it's terrible for you to medicate yourself. Tom Oberdorfer, a clinical social worker who works with many anxious, depressed or hyperactive children, traces a lot of these problems back to the family. "The troubled kid," he told me, "may in fact be the ticket for the whole family to recognize and deal with the problems they have been ignoring." Dr. Ornish echoes this deep concern. "It is all too easy to write a prescription and stop looking at what is really troubling the child." The aggressive marketing both to doctors and directly to consumers - is supplemented by many subtler forms of persuasion. Medical journals are predominantly funded by ads they carry from pharmaceutical companies, while much of the research on drugs, Including antidepressants, is sponsored by the drug companies. And then there are the junkets drug companies offer, the lobster dinners, the doughnuts in the emergency room and, above all. the "detail" men and women - as the sales reps are called - who are a formidable grass-roots army traveling around the country, leaving a trail of samples behind. Some of these legal drug pushers in the employ of Eli Lilly, the manufacturer of Prozac, found their way to a suburban Washington high school. "They gave out pens and pads and little brochures pushing Prozac to those high school kids," Sidney Wolfe, director of the Public Citizens Health Research Group, said in a groundbreaking but hardly noticed Nightline show last March on the continuum between legal and illegal drugs. As Heather, a heroin user who runs a needle exchange program in Santa Cruz, said on the same Nightline show: "If you live in a neighborhood where you can't afford $150-an-hour therapists and Prozac. and you've got brown tar heroin down the street, and you know that's going to ... get you through another day without killing yourself, that's what you're going to use." Why has there not been - Ted Koppel asked - "a really massive study" on the relationship between legal drug use and illegal drug use? And there is plenty of anecdotal evidence of children who move from legal antidepressants or sleeping pills to street drugs. But we will never win the war against drugs unless we stop turning a blind eye to the connection between a culture that offers a pill for every ill and a culture that cannot wean itself from illegal drugs. The pressures against studying this correlation are enormous. Pharmaceutical companies are a big part of the war against drugs, helping fund both the Partnership for a Drug-Free America and the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, while 17,000 of their sales reps distribute information to health care professionals to help them identify drug abuse. . So here we are, using the same people who are pushing mood-altering drugs to alert doctors to the dangers of the competition. On top of it, television and magazines are living off the ad revenues of pharmaceutical companies. "We probably make more money in our industry from the pharmaceutical industry than we do from any other," Koppel said. "Do we need to be concerned about the role that television is playing in perhaps unwittingly promoting drug use in this country?" Koppel had the guts to ask the question. Will the media have the guts to look for the answers? Creators Syndicate
------------------------------------------------------------------- Letter To Editor & Response In JAMA ('The Journal Of The American Medical Association' Favorably Reviews A Pro-Drug-War Book That Endorses Drug-Testing But Doesn't Cite Any Scientific Evidence For It) Date: Mon, 26 Jan 1998 18:58:25 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Tom O'Connell" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: LTE & Response in JAMA My letter to the Editor criticizing the review of "Selfish Brain" was published in Jan 7 JAMA, along with responses from the reviewer and the author. JAMA; 279:20, Jan. 7, 1998. Khantzian's plea for "love, not war" in this context is at least amusing. Dupont states that I "misunderstand" his support for drug testing. I don't at all-it's lucrative. If there were any published evidence (beyond his anecdotal recollection) that routine testing of any population reduces the incidence of addiction, we'd never know it because of there is no bibliography. His response is a good example of classic drug warrior "refutation-" ignore the specifics of the criticism and restate the original assertions in slightly different form. Learning From Addiction To the Editor.-Several weeks ago, my abiding interest in our national drug policy was further piqued by a book review in JAMA, so I ordered The Selfish Brain, by Robert L. DuPont, MD. When it arrived, I was astounded to find that, although dealing assertively with all aspects of drug addiction from history through modern clinical concepts, the book contains no bibliography. Written for a lay and professional readership, the book makes several policy recommendations, including mass drug testing of high schoolers. Given the author's prominence as a former presidential drug policy adviser and first director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, it is sure to be widely quoted. That a book devoid of supportive references would be published by the American Psychiatric, Press and reviewed in JAMA lends it an unwarranted appearance of academic integrity. Beyond that, the review, while timidly taking issue with the author's authoritarian tone, fails to note the absence of references. The book does have pages of glowing recommendations from prominent members of the drug "prevention and treatment" establishment, and its author and one of the endorsers, a former Drug Enforcement Agency director, are joined in the business of setting up drug-testing programs for industry, further suggesting that American medicine's institutions have become compromised by the drug war. Thomas J.O'Connell,MD San Mateo, Calif 1. Khantzian EJ, reviewer. JAMA. 1997; 278:339-340. Review of: DuPont RL. The Selfish Brain: Learning From Addiction In Reply.-Dr O'Connell takes me to task for "timidly taking issue" with Dr DuPont's book, The Selfish Brain. He also chides me, JAMA, and the American Psychiatric Press for not making more of the absence of references in the book. More seriously, he accuses "American medicine's institutions" of becoming "compromised by the drug war" because of the endorsements in the book and because of DuPont's and one endorser's activities. For the interested reader who has not read the review, I would argue that I give a fair and balanced description of the book's content but, tactfully and forcefully enough, criticize DuPont's views about prevention, policy, and treatment as a "rigid approach [and] a shortcoming of the book." In my review, I make a plea for more flexible and integrative thinking for proponents of DuPont's perspective vs his narrow reductionistic views. As for my failure to note the absence of references, mea culpa, but I do not see the lack as so dreadful an issue as does O'Connell. I disagree that this book can presume to be a major scientific or academic reference. It mainly recapitulates and popularizes much that is known (or disputed) about the nature of substance use disorders and what we should do about them, especially from the perspective of DuPont's admittedly strong convictions. To the extent that O'Connell's letter is accusatory, I find it objectionable. We need to make more peace, not war, on issues of drugs in our society. My preference is to consider alternative perspectives respectfully and to challenge them forcefully when necessary. As I conclude in my review, "this is especially the case when we are dealing with problems as complex as those involved with substance use disorders." Edward J. Khantzian, MD Tewksbury Hospital Tewksbury, Mass In Reply.-Dr O'Connell complains that my book, The Selfish Brain: Learnng From Addiction, is not referenced. He may be reassured to know that the book was peer reviewed by the publisher and the American Psychiatric Press and that JAMA's reviewer, Dr Khantzian, is a distinguished opponent of many of my drug policy recommendations, which he makes clear in his review. The book lists 43 recommended books on related topics in the section "Bibliotherapy." Finally, O'Connell and other readers seeking more citations can find ample references in my many published articles on drug policy including those cited below. The Selfish Brain is not a drug policy book. Instead, it offers an integrated, comprehensive understanding of the uniquely human and 20th-century problems of addiction to alcohol and other drugs. The most important features of the book are the recognition of the newly elucidated biology of reward as the principal biological root of addiction and a single-minded focus on the vital role of the 12-Step programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous, in promoting lifelong recovery from addiction. O'Connell misunderstands my support for drug testing. Testing for alcohol and other drugs is important for both prevention and treatment, because denial is, along with loss of control or unmanageability, 1 of the 2 principal characteristics of addiction. It is only when denial and dishonesty are stripped away from addictive behavior that the healing forces of recovery can begin the transformation of the addict and the addict's family. I have known many addicted people who date the beginning of their recovery from the time they were "caught" in the criminal justice system, the workplace, or elsewhere as a result of a positive drug test result. I am grateful to the American Psychiatric Press for publishing the book, to JAMA for having it reviewed, and to O'Connell for bringing additional readers to the book. Robert L. DuPont, MD Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc Rockville, Md 1. DuPont RL, McGovern JP. A Bridge to Recovery: An Introd uction to 12-Step Programs ; Washington, DC: Amencan Psychiatric Press, 1994. 2. DuPont RL, Voth EA. Drug legalization, harm reduction, and drug policy. Ann Intern Med. 1995123:461-465. 3. DuPont RL Gold MS. Withdrawal and reward: implications for detoxification and relapse prevention. Psychiatr Ann. 1995;25:663-668. 4. DuPont RL. Harm reduction and decriminalization in the United States: a personal perspective. Subst Use Misuse. 1996;31:1929 1945.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Industrial Hemp Bills And Initiatives In The US (Update Compiled By The Colorado Hemp Initiative Project) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 00:22:28 -0700 (MST) From: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (email@example.com) X-Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org To: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (email@example.com) Subject: Industrial Hemp Legislative Efforts Industrial Hemp - Bills and Initiatives in the U.S. Updated: January 7, 1998 Compiled by the Colorado Hemp Initiative Project The following is a list of states that have either already introduced industrial hemp legislation or are likely to do so in the future. Please send any updates or corrections to firstname.lastname@example.org. *** STATE LEGISLATIVE EFFORTS *** 1) Colorado Rep. Kay Alexander (R-Montrose) State Capitol Building 200 E. Colfax Ave. Denver, CO 80203 (303) 866-2955 Status: Bills in 1995, 1996, and 1997 were killed due to intimidation by the DEA. Bill will be re-introduced in January 1998. *** 2) Hawaii Rep. Cynthia Thielen (R - Kailau Kameohe) State Capitol Bldg. Honolulu, HI 96813 (808) 586-6480 Email: email@example.com Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. Also, contact: Rep. David Tarnas Email: firstname.lastname@example.org *** 3) Iowa Rep. Cecelia Burnett (D-Ames) State Capitol Bldg. Des Moines, IA 50319 Phone: (515) 232-2710 Email: email@example.com Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. *** 4) Kansas Sen. David Corbin Statehouse - Room 120-S Topeka, KS, 66612 (913) 296 7388 Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. *** 5) Kentucky Sen. Barry Metcalf 141 Alycia Dr. Richmond, KY 40475 (606) 624-8387 Status: Unknown. *** 6) Minnesota Rep. Phyllis Kahn 367 State Office Bldg. St. Paul, MN 55155 612-296-4257 Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Rep. Steven Wensel (D) Minnesota House of Representatives State Office Building Room 487 100 Constitution Ave. St. Paul, MN 55155 *** 7) Missouri Sen. Jerry T. Howard (D-Dexter) P.O. Box 279 Dexter, MO 63841 (573) 624-8778 Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. *** 8) North Dakota Rep. Monson (R-Osnabrock) State Capitol 600 East Blvd. Bismarck, ND 58505 Phone: (701) 328-3373 (701) 328-3506 Email: email@example.com Status: Bill passed and signed by Governor authorizing NDSU to study the feasibility of industrial hemp. The bill did not mandate a test plot of hemp. *** 9) Oregon Rep. Floyd Prozanski P.O. Box 11511 Eugene, OR 97440 (541) 342-2447 Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. *** 10) South Dakota Sen. Frank J. Kloucek R.R. # 1, Box 56 Scotland, SD 57059 (605) 583-4468 Status: Unknown. *** 11) Vermont Rep. Fred Maslack (R - Poultney) State House Montpelier, VT 05602 (802) 828-2256 Status: Bill passed in 1996 authorizing a feasiblility study. "Alternative Agricultural Strategies in Vermont: The Case of Industrial Hemp" is directly available on my web site using the following url: http://www.uvm.edu/~rmelamed/UVM_Hemp_Report_1997.html Update (12/6/97): Senator Hull Maynard (R) and Senator Elizabeth Ready (D) filed a draft bill in the state capitol to provide for the liscencing of farmers interested in growing industrial hemp. The Vermont House of Representatives is expected to also introduce legislation ( through the Agricultural Committee) in January. To contact the original House sponsor of the 1996 Hemp Bill: Rep. Fred Maslack 115 State Street State House Montpelier, VT 05633-5201 (802) 828-2231 (802) 828-2424 fax *** 12) Virginia Delegate Mitchell Van Yahress (D-Charlottesville) 223 Main St. Charlottesville, VA 22902 (804) 293-6483 Status: Killed in 1997 legislative session. *** 13) Wisconsin No details are available. Contact: Bud Sholts Wisconsin Dept. of Agriculture P.O. Box 8911 Madison, WI 53708-8911 (608) 224-5135 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org *** BALLOT INITIATIVE EFFORTS *** California Industrial Hemp Act of 1998 - ballot initiative to allow commercial cultivation of industrial hemp in California Status: Will begin collecting signatures on the ballot initiative in January or February. Contact: Sam H. Clauder II Californians for Industrial Renewal 12922 Harbor Boulevard Garden Grove, CA 92840 Phone: (714) 89-2-CAIR Fax: 894-8010 Email: email@example.com *** Provided as a public service by the: Colorado Hemp Initiative Project P.O. Box 729, Nederland, CO 80466 Hotline: (303) 784-5632 Email:
Web: http://www.welcomehome.org/cohip.html "Fighting over 60 years of lies and dis-information with 10,000 years of history and fact." ARE YOU REGISTERED TO VOTE??? *** To be added to or removed from our mailing list, send email with the word SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE in the title.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Humboldt Brewing Making Beer With Hemp - Naturally (Former Oakland Raiders Star Mario Celotto Owns Brewery In Arcata, California, Using Hemp Seeds) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 22:41:40 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US CA: Humboldt Brewing Making Beer With Hemp -- Naturally Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Source: Oakland Tribune Author: Bill Brand Note: Staff writer William Brand publishes What's on Tap, a consumer craft beer and cider newsletter. He can be reached at email@example.com Section: Food Section Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org HUMBOLDT BREWING MAKING BEER WITH HEMP -- NATURALLY THERE'S a new strong ale coming from Arcata's Humboldt Brewing Co., brewers of the popular Red Nectar Ale, that's a real zinger: Hemp Ale. It's true. Hemp seeds are an ingredient in the beer, says Humboldt president Mario Celotto, the former Oakland Raiders star who moved north to Arcata and started Humboldt a decade ago. The seeds are added in substantial quantity to the mash, the mixture of hot water and ground barley that begins the beer-making process. "Of course, you can't get high from these seeds," Celotto says. As anyone who has sampled the illegal weed knows, THC, the potent narcotic chemical, is found in quantity only in the leaves, buds and flowers of the female hemp plant, not in the seeds. Hemp and marijuana are different names for the same plant: cannabis sativia. Human-kind for centuries has grown the male hemp plant for fiber for rope and clothing. The female plant is useless for fiber, but good for other uses, in-cluding these days - beer. "The government requires us to use sterile seeds," Celotto explains. "But they add a spicy flavor - it's like adding pepper to a dish. The hemp is not going to change the body of the beer or the hop characteristics - but it definitely makes a difference." Humboldt Hemp Ale is scheduled to reach Bay Area taverns and other on-tap accounts in two weeks. It should be available in bottles in liquor stores and supermarkets in early February. But thanks to Celotto, we received an advance sample. Humboldt Hemp Ale is much more than a sales gimmick. The beer, formulated by Celotto and brewed by Larry Lesterud is a big, 6.5-percent alcohol by volume, unpasteurized, dark brown ale topped with a thick, creamy head. Drink it cold from the refrigerator and it's a nice beer with a bit of spice. But let it warm slightly to its proper drinking temperature around 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit and you're looking at a real winner. The flavor is very rounded -a fine balance of dark crystal and chocolate barley malts and hops. The hemp seeds add an interesting dimension, slightly sweet and definitely spicy, but blending well with the Willamette and Tetmanger hops, which are also spicy. The finish is appropriately hoppy. Rating: 90. It's no wonder the marijuana seeds and the hops blend so nicely. Unlike more traditional modern spices like cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg, both hops and hemp are members of the same Cannabinacea plant family. Humboldt Is the second commercial brewery to make a hemp beer. The first was Frederick Brewing of Frederick, Md., which brought out Hempen Ale in 1996, then in-troduced Hempen Gold last year. Frederick has sold as much hemp beer as it can make since day one. Neither beer is available regularly in the Bay Area, although Beverages, & more outlets sometimes have them. Hempen Ale is a malty, light brown ale with a pleasing spicy note. It won the bronze medal in the herb/spice category last October at the Great American Beer Festival. Hempen Gold, is a brewpub standard golden beer, light to the taste with a sweet spiciness. We rated Hempen Ale 88. Hempen Gold gets an 80. It's a well-made golden with that interesting spicy note. Brewer and Frederick Brewing co-founder Steve Nordahi, who is a University of California at Davis graduate and former Danville resident, says the brewery obtains hemp seeds from Eastern Europe and China. The seeds are sterilized under government supervision. Naturally, Celotto says Humboldt's seeds come from select Northern California hemp fields. He admits with a trace of humor that considering Humboldt County's reputation for raising cash crops of the illegal weed, brewing a legal hemp beer was an almost irresistible temptation. Celotto said Humboldt Hemp Is the start of a big push to make its beers widely available in California. He has moved his wife and family back to Oakland and Is making the East Bay the center of sales operations. The company had announced a merger with another brewer who wanted to create a national chain of craft brewers. Humboldt backed out to concentrate on its natural market: California.
------------------------------------------------------------------- County Drug Court Idea Worth Study (Anderson, Indiana High-School Student Challenges Mandatory Urine Test) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 22:15:44 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US IN: County Drug Court Idea Worth Study Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Anderson Herald Bulletin Contact: email@example.com the main editor's address is firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 COUNTY DRUG COURT IDEA WORTH STUDY Student begins suspension BY KEN de la BASTIDE Staff Reporter ANDERSON - Buddy Willis stay home from school Monday as he began serving a five-day suspension for refusing to take a mandatory urine drug test. "Buddy" Willis began serving the suspension at Anderson High School after losing a federal court battle Friday. Friday. He had sought a temporary restraining order to permit him to attend classes. The Indiana Civil Liberties Union last week filed suit on Willis' behalf against Anderson Community Schools claiming the school's policy, that requires students who have been suspended for more than three days to submit to a drug test before being allowed back in school, as unconstitutional. Willis was suspended for five days prior to the Christmas recess for fighting. U.S. District Court Judge John Tinder last week rejected Willis' request for a temporary restraining order that would have let him go back to school until the constitutionality of the policy is resolved. Tinder ruled that ACS officials were able to show a connection between behavior and possible drug use based on statistics from the Carmel school system. ACS based its policy on the one used in Carmel schools. He also ruled that because the drug tests are only used for counseling of students and not punishment, it is not a violation of the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution against unreasonable search and seizure. Randy Willis, Buddy's father, said the ICLU has filed an appeal with the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeal in Chicago to seek a preliminary injunction to allow his son back into school. "I plan on appearing before the school board tonight (Tuesday) to point out some moral and ethical problems with the policy," he said. "The school should look at all the other factors. There is no reasonable suspicion to test him (Buddy) for drugs." Willis said he has no problem having his son take a drug test to participate in athletics or if there is evidence that a drug test is necessary because of behavioral problems. AHS Principal James Regenold said Buddy Willis didn't appear at school on Monday. Regenold and Highland High School Principal Lennon Brown said no other student has refused to take the drug test to be readmitted to school. Superintendent Jane Kendrick said the policy is to suspend a student for five days if he refuses to take the drug test. Regenold said Willis will be readmitted to AHS as soon as he agrees to take the drug test. The current suspension runs through Jan. 9 and if Willis again refuses to take the drug test he will be suspended for an additional five days. ICLU attorney Ken Falk, representing the Willis family, did not return two telephone calls to The Herald Bulletin.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Government Brings First Tobacco Criminal Case (Justice Department Alleges DNA Plant Technology, A California Biotechnology Firm, Conspired With Brown & Williamson To Develop High-Nicotine Tobacco Plant) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 21:58:52 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: WIRE: U.S. Government Brings First Tobacco Criminal Case Newshawk: shug
Source: Reuters Pubdate: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 Author: James Vicini U.S. GOVERNMENT BRINGS FIRST TOBACCO CRIMINAL CASE WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. government Wednesday brought the first criminal charges in its tobacco industry investigation, alleging a California biotechnology firm conspired with a cigarette maker to secretly develop a high-nicotine tobacco plant. Justice Department officials said DNA Plant Technology Corp., which develops new plant varieties, has agreed to plead guilty to one count of conspiring to violate the tobacco seed export law and to cooperate in the 3-year-old probe. The officials said Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., the nation's third largest cigarette maker and a unit of B.A.T Industries Plc of Britain, was an unindicted co-conspirator in the alleged scheme to develop a genetically altered tobacco plant with a higher nicotine content. According to court papers, DNA Plant Technology conspired with Brown & Williamson and its Brazilian affiliate to violate a law that bars tobacco seed exports from the United States without a permit. The alleged violations took place between 1984 and 1991, when the law was repealed. The department charged that one of Brown & Williamson's goals was to develop a reliable source of high-nicotine tobacco it could use to control nicotine levels in its cigarettes. It said one variety, code named Y-1, had a nicotine level of 6 percent, about twice that of normal flue-cured tobacco. It said Brown & Williamson gave the variety to the Oakland-based company, which specializes in developing new plant varieties through genetic engineering and advanced breeding techniques. The department said Y-1 was allegedly grown in Brazil and other countries to help conceal its development. Federal regulations barred the commercial growth of such high-nicotine tobacco in the United States. It charged that the two companies also illegally exported seeds to other nations, including Nicaragua, Honduras, Chile, Nigeria, Costa Rica, Argentina, Zimbabwe and Canada to explore whether they were good locations to grow Y-1 tobacco. The department said the two companies used code words in internal documents to conceal the tobacco seed exports. The plantings in Brazil were called ``winter trials'' while the seeds were ``special material.'' The Department also said DNA Plant Technology deliberately concealed from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) information about its contract with Brown and Williamson to develop the tobacco. The department charged that employees of the biotech firm and Brown & Williamson illegally shipped seeds by air express or courier and smuggled them when they traveled to Brazil. The maximum penalty that DNA Plant faces is a $200,000 fine or twice the gain it received under the contract. The charges were filed in federal court in Washington, D.C. The charges were brought as Congress prepares in the next few months to take up a proposed national settlement under which the tobacco companies would pay $368.5 billion in a deal negotiated last June with state officials. Congressional sources said the case would not likely have a direct impact on congressional action, but could strengthen tobacco foes fighting an industry whose public image has grown ever more tarnished. Congressman Marty Meehan, a Massachusetts Democrat who sought the tobacco investigation, applauded the bringing of the first case. ``I anticipate that this is just the tip of the iceberg,'' he said. A plea agreement is expected to be filed soon, department officials said, adding that DNA Plant has agreed to tell what it knows about Brown & Williamson's activities. DNA Plant said it has agreed to cooperate in the probe and added that its research agreement with the cigarette maker involving the Y-1 variety ended in 1994. It said the Justice Department asked it not to comment further because of the ongoing investigation. Sources close to the probe said the department has been negotiating with the biotech company in recent weeks about the terms of the plea deal. In 1994, FDA Commissioner David Kessler testified before Congress that Brown and Williamson had shipped Y-1 tobacco to the United States from Brazil for use in five cigarette brands -- two varieties of Viceroy, two varieties of Richland and Raleigh Lights King Size. REUTERS
------------------------------------------------------------------- Biotech Company Admits Developing High-Nicotine Tobacco ('San Jose Mercury News' Version) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 22:08:31 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Biotech company admits developing high-nicotine tobacco Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 BIOTECH COMPANY ADMITS DEVELOPING HIGH-NICOTINE TOBACCO The U.S. government today brought the first criminal charges in its tobacco industry investigation, alleging an Oakland-based biotechnology firm conspired with a cigarette maker to secretly develop a high-nicotine tobacco plant. Justice Department officials said DNA Plant Technology Corp., which develops new plant varieties, has agreed to plead guilty to one count of conspiring to violate the tobacco seed export law and to cooperate in the 3-year-old probe. The officials said Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., the nation's third largest cigarette maker, was an unindicted co-conspirator in the alleged scheme to develop a genetically altered tobacco plant with a higher nicotine content. According to court papers, DNA Plant Technology conspired with Brown & Williamson and its Brazilian affiliate to violate a law that bars tobacco seed exports from the United States without a permit. The department charged that one of Brown & Williamson's goals was to develop a reliable source of high-nicotine tobacco it could use to control nicotine levels in its cigarettes. The Department also said DNA Plan Technology deliberately concealed from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) information about its contract with Brown and Williamson to develop the tobacco. The maximum penalty that DNA Plant faces is a $200,000 fine or twice the gain it received under the contract. The charges were filed in federal court in Washington, D.C.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Company Charged With Plot To Develop High-Nicotine Tobacco ('Ottawa Citizen' Version) Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 22:22:32 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: U.S. Company Charged With Plot To Develop High-Nicotine Tobacco Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:Steven Zikopoulos, firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Ottawa Citizen Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 U.S. COMPANY CHARGED WITH PLOT TO DEVELOP HIGH-NICOTINE TOBACCO WASHINGTON (AP) =AD A U.S. biotechnology company agreed Wednesday to plead guilty to conspiring with an unnamed tobacco company to grow and improve tobacco with a high nicotine content, court papers showed. It is the first charge filed in the Justice Department's broad investigation of the tobacco industry. The charge was laid against DNA Plant Technology Corp. of Oakland, Calif. The company agreed to co-operate with the investigation. The government cited the tobacco company as an unindicted co-conspirator but refused to identify it by name. The tobacco company and the biotech firm devised a scheme to secretly improve the high-nicotine tobacco in Brazil and other foreign countries, the government said. The two companies sent seeds to Canada and other countries to see if they would be suitable places for growing high-nicotine tobacco. It is illegal to commercially grow high-nicotine tobacco in the United States. The government said the tobacco company's goal was to develop a reliable source of high-nicotine tobacco that it could use to control and manipulate the nicotine levels of its cigarettes. The government said the biotech company, known as DNAP, made a deal with the tobacco company in 1983. The tobacco company gave DNAP a strain of flue-cured tobacco, coded named Y-1, to grow and improve. Y-1 had a nicotine level of about six per cent, about twice the normal nicotine level of flue-cured tobacco, the Justice Department said. On many occasions between 1984 and 1991, the Justice Department said, employees of the two companies illegally exported Y-1 and other tobacco seeds to Brazil and other countries, including Canada, Nicaragua, Honduras, Chile, Nigeria, Costa Rica, Argentina and Zimbabwe. The aim was to explore whether these were good locations for growing Y-1 tobacco. DNAP was charged with one misdemeanor count of conspiracy to violate the Tobacco Seed Export law, which prohibits exporting tobacco seed without a permit. The law prohibiting such exports was repealed in 1991.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Box Mailed To 'Miami Herald' Contained More Than $1Million Worth Of Cocaine, Heroin (Sent From Colombia To The Paper's Business Department) Date: Thu, 8 Jan 1998 14:19:19 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US FL: Box Mailed to Miami Herald Contained More Than $1Million Worth of Cocaine, Heroin Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Frank S. World"
Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 BOX MAILED TO MIAMI HERALD CONTAINED MORE THAN $1 MILLION WORTH OF COCAINE, HEROIN MIAMI (January 7, 1998 08:54 a.m. EST http://www.nando.net) -- A business editor who opened two heavy cartons mailed to The Miami Herald said she thought they contained books. She instead found packages of cocaine and heroin believed to be worth $1 million. The 53 pounds of drugs wrapped in duct tape were mailed to the paper's business department but not addressed to anyone in particular. The return address included a man's name and a Bogota, Colombia, address. Federal drug agents had followed the package into The Herald's building to see who would claim it, according to the Wednesday edition of the newspaper. "This was a U.S. Customs operation," said Herald attorney Sam Terilli. "They called. We cooperated. Our role was simple: Explain our procedures, give them access to the building and get out of the way." Investigators questioned the editor who opened the box, which was marked "libros," Spanish for books. They said the woman, who was not named, was not considered a suspect. The Herald said it will await the outcome of a possible criminal case before starting its own investigation.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Legal Booze Is No Excuse For Legalizing Drugs (Misleading Letter To Editor Of 'Miami Herald') Date: Thu, 8 Jan 1998 06:26:23 -0800 (PST) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Alan Randell) Subject: Legal booze is no excuse for legalizing drugs Resent-From: email@example.com Pubdate: January 7, 1998 Source: Miami Herald Contact: HeraldEd@aol.com URL: http://www.herald.com/opinion/letdocs/044174.htm Legal booze is no excuse for legalizing drugs A Readers' Forum letter writer uses the slaying of a Drug Enforcement Administration agent by a drunk colleague with a history of alcohol problems as an excuse to disband the DEA "Alcohol is a drug, Dec. 27". The convoluted logic is that alcohol is also a drug and that it and other drugs are a social problem, not a legal problem. Nonsense! Drug addiction and its physiological and psychological consequences are medical issues. The anti-social and violent behavior of those under its influence is a criminal-justice issue. An August 1997 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association indicated that nondrug users who live with illegal-drug users have more than an 11 times greater chance of being the victim of a homicide than if they lived in a drug-free home. It was 1.7 times higher if they lived with an alcohol user. A May 1997 study of domestic violence reported in JAMA found that 92 percent of the assailants in the study reportedly had used alcohol or other drugs on the day of the assault. Common sense applies. Are people more likely to assault their loved ones, get in bar fights, have accidents, commit crimes, etc., intoxicated or sober? Alcohol is legal, and dealing with crimes committed by those under its influence is the most expensive single expenditure of law-enforcement funds and assets. An estimated seven to 10 times as many Americans use alcohol as use illegal drugs. If as many people were using illegal drugs as are using alcohol, the current rate of crime would pale by comparison. We live with the harm of alcohol, but that is no reason to legalize more mind-altering drugs. We need to reduce the demand for drugs by improving and expanding law enforcement, education, prevention, research, and rehabilitation-and-recovery programs. Wayne J. Roques Pembroke Pines
------------------------------------------------------------------- JAMA Articles Referred To By 'Miami Herald' Letter To Editor (Two Studies On Domestic Violence Associated With Illegal Drugs Report Vast Majority Of Disturbances Involve 'Alcohol And Other Drugs,' Suicide, Weapons; 44 Percent Previously Arrested For Violent Acts; 'Use' Undifferentiated From 'Abuse' In JAMA Terminology, Also Violence Due To Prohibition Rather Than Illegal Substances Themselves) Date: Fri, 09 Jan 1998 07:37:51 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: (Anonymous) Subject: Re: Legal booze is no excuse for legalizing drugs (LONG) Hi, all. Thought you might like to read these, since they were referenced in the letter that was published (and posted by Alan). In the first study, I can't figure out why they didn't report the odds ratio for homicide for drug/alcohol users living with other drug/alcohol users (they only talk about drug/alcohol users living with non-drug/alcohol users -- probably only a small proportion of their sample). I'd like to see the actual study this was based on for that type of info, but the AMA isn't *that* liberal with JAMA articles online. See also the science news update at the end of each abstract. *** JAMA Abstracts - August 20, 1997 Alcohol and Illicit Drug Abuse and the Risk of Violent Death in the Home Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH; Beth A. Mueller, DrPH; Grant Somes, PhD; Carmen T. Mendoza, MSPH; Norman B. Rushforth, PhD; Arthur L. Kellermann, MD, MPH Context.-While acute alcohol and illicit drug use are common in homicide and suicide victims, the role of chronic substance use in violent death is unclear. Objective.-To measure the magnitude of risk of violent death in the home associated with alcohol use or chronic abuse and use of illicit drugs. Data Sources.-Data obtained from a case-control study of risk factors for homicide and suicide in 3 large metropolitan areas of the United States. Design.-Matched case-control study including 388 homicide cases, 438 suicide cases, and equal numbers of controls matched for age, sex, race, neighborhood, and county. Data were analyzed by means of conditional logistic regressions in which other potential risk factors for violent death were also considered. Outcome and Exposure Measures.-Homicide and suicide victims were identified from medical examiner reports in Shelby County, Tennessee; King County, Washington; and Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Structured interviews were conducted with proxy respondents close to the decedents to obtain information about alcohol or illicit drug use, and history of alcohol-related hospitalization or trouble at work because of drinking by the subject. Data about alcohol use by others living in the same house as the subject were also obtained. Results.-The risks of homicide and suicide associated with alcohol or illicit drug use were elevated, as were the risks of violent death associated with several indicators of chronic alcohol abuse. In addition, nondrinkers living in a home with alcohol users were at increased risk of homicide (odds ratio, 1.7; 95% confidence interval, 0.98-3.0), and non-drug-using individuals residing in homes with illicit drug users were at greatly increased risk of homicide (odds ratio, 11.3; 95% confidence interval, 4.4-28.8). Conclusions.-Alcohol and illicit drug use appear to be associated with an increased risk of violent death. The risk of homicide was increased for non-substance-abusing individuals living in households in which other members abused alcohol or drugs. The concept of the individual at risk of homicide should be broadened to include not only the abuser but also those who may be at risk because of their exposure to others. JAMA. 1997;278:569-575 >From the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Wash (Drs Rivara and Mueller); Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle (Drs Rivara and Mueller and Ms Mendoza); Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis (Dr Somes); Department of Biology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Center for Adolescent Health, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio (Dr Rushforth); and Emory Center for Injury Control, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga (Dr Kellermann). EDITOR'S NOTE.-The authors of this study found that alcohol and illicit drug abuse are strong risk factors for violent death in the home. The risk of violent death was observed to be greatest for the abusers themselves, but the risk was also elevated for other members of the household who did not abuse alcohol or illicit drugs. This elevated risk was independent of the presence of a gun in the home. Thomas B. Cole, MD, MPH, Contributing Editor Science News Update: ALCOHOL AND ILLEGAL DRUG USE INCREASE RISK OF VIOLENT DEATH Risk also elevated for other household members CHICAGO-Not only are alcohol and illicit drug users at increased risk for violent death, but so are members of their household, according to an article in the August 20 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Frederick P. Rivara, M.D., M.P.H., from the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Wash., and colleagues studied data from 438 suicides and 388 homicides to determine the risk of violent death in the home associated with alcohol and illicit drug use. These cases were compared to an equal number of non-substance users. The authors write: "In this study, a history of alcohol and drug use by the subject was strongly associated with increased risks of both homicide and suicide, and increases were generally observed among all sex and racial subgroups examined." They found that subjects using both alcohol and other drugs have 12 times the risk of being murdered and 16.6 times the risk of suicide as that of non-substance users. Those who had trouble at work related to drinking had 17.9 times the risk of being killed. The researchers add that those living in the same household as substance abusers are also at increased risk of homicide. They found that nondrinkers face 1.7 times the risk of homicide when living with alcohol users while non-drug users face 11.3 times the risk of homicide when living with illicit drug users. Alcohol is a factor in a large proportion of violent deaths, including both homicides and suicides. Homicide studies in the United States and other countries have reported high rates of alcohol use by the victim, perpetrator or both. Similar rates of alcoholism and other drugs have been detected in suicide victims, according to information cited in the study. The authors state: "This study supports the need to address alcohol and drug abuse and its relationship to risk of violent death. The problem of substance abuse should be addressed on multiple levels, including primary and secondary prevention, and should include screening for alcohol and substance abuse problems in the emergency department, particularly in trauma patients, or at other points of contact, as well as in other settings for persons with depression, mental illness or suicide attempts. Brief interventions by primary care physicians can have a significant effect on weekly excessive alcohol use and binge drinking. In addition, people with alcoholism should be assessed for concomitant depression and treated accordingly." They continue: "Our concept of the individual at risk for violent death should be broadened to include not only the substance abuser, but also those who may be at risk because of the presence of others within the household who are substance abusers." They conclude: "The problems of violence in our society is a complex one and will require multifaceted solutions. This study indicates that addressing the problem of substance abuse on many levels may have a substantial impact on rates of violence and should be pursued." (JAMA. 278;1997:569-575) *** JAMA Abstracts - May 7, 1997 Characteristics of Participants in Domestic Violence Assessment at the Scene of Domestic Assault Daniel Brookoff, MD, PhD; Kimberly K. O'Brien; Charles S. Cook, MA; Terry D. Thompson; Charles Williams, PhD Objective.--To evaluate the characteristics of victims and perpetrators of domestic assault. Design and Setting.--Consecutive-sample survey study conducted at the scenes of police calls for domestic assault in Memphis, Tenn, in 1995. Participants.--A total of 136 participants (72 victims and 64 assailants) involved in 62 incidents of domestic violence and 75 adult family members at the scene. Main Outcome Measures.--Participants' responses to a confidential survey and review of police records. Results.--Of 62 episodes of domestic assault, 42 (68%) involved weapons and 11 (15%) resulted in serious injury. Fifty-five (89%) of 62 assault victims reported previous assaults by their current assailants, 19 (35%) of them on a daily basis. Although nearly all assault victims had called the police for help on previous occasions, only 12 (22%) reported having ever sought medical care, counseling, or shelter because of domestic assault. Sixty (92%) of the 64 assailants reportedly used alcohol or other drugs on the day of the assault. Of the assailants, 28 (44%) had a history of arrest for charges related to violence, and 46 (72%) had an arrest for substance abuse. Eleven (15%) of the victims were children. Children directly witnessed 53 (85%) of the assaults. Conclusions.--Most victims of domestic violence who had called the police rarely used medical or mental health facilities for problems related to family violence despite frequent assaults. Victims and assailants were willing to discuss their histories of family violence and undergo assessments at the scenes of police calls. JAMA. 1997;277:1369-1373 Science News Update: FEW VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TURN TO MEDICAL COMMUNITY FOR HELP Most domestic assaults involve alcohol; many involve weapons CHICAGO--Despite repeated assaults, most domestic violence victims who call police in a crisis rarely use medical or mental health facilities to help ease problems in the family, according to an article in this week's issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Daniel Brookoff, M.D., Ph.D., of Methodist Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, and colleagues confidentially surveyed 72 domestic violence victims and 42 accused assailants at the scenes of the domestic assaults, in November 1995. The research team , which included a physician and a nurse or paramedic, looked at 62 episodes of domestic assault. They found that police were often the only authorities contacted by victims: "Although nearly all assault victims had called the police for help on previous occasions, only 12 (22 percent) reported having ever sought medical care, counseling or shelter because of domestic assault." Among other findings of the study: 68 percent of the domestic assault incidents involved weapons. 15 percent resulted in serious injury. 89 percent of assaulted victims reported previous assaults by their current assailants--35 percent of them on a daily basis. 92 percent of assailants reportedly used alcohol or other drugs on the day of the assault. Despite obvious injuries, many female victims asked the survey team to intercede with the police to stop the arrest of their assailants. The researchers write: "One barrier to seeking help that victims mentioned was the prospect that seeking care or assistance in the prosecution of their assailants would escalate the violence." Children were directly involved in a number of incidents: "Eight victims (11 percent) were younger than 12 years; all of them were the children of female victims who witnessed or had attempted to intervene in the assault of their mothers." In many cases, the researchers observed children--some as young as two--emulating violent behavior. They conclude: "Without timely identification and intervention, children who witness family violence may perceive such behavior as usual or acceptable, thus ensuring that the violence will continue." Detecting Partner Violence in the Emergency Department Three brief questions can detect a large number of women with a history of partner abuse, according to another study in this week's issue of JAMA. Kim M. Feldhaus, M.D., of the Denver Health Medical Center, Colorado, and colleagues developed a three-question instrument called the partner violence screen (PVS). It was tested in the emergency departments at Denver General Hospital and University Hospital in Denver in the summer of 1994. Three hundred twenty-two women who sought emergency care during selected time blocks took part in the study. Research assistants using the PVS asked the women these questions: (1) "Have you been hit, kicked, punched or otherwise hurt by someone within the past year? If so, by whom?" (2) "Do you feel safe in your current relationship?" (3) "Is there a partner from a previous relationship who is making you feel unsafe now?" The women were then asked to complete the Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA) which measures the severity of physical and nonphysical abuse inflicted on a woman by her partner. Finally, the women were questioned using the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS), which measures the use of reasoning, verbal aggression, and physical violence in resolving family conflicts. The researchers found the brief PVS to be quite effective: "The three questions took an average of 20 seconds to administer, far less time than measuring the patient's routine vital signs. The three questions detected 71.4 percent of women identified as abused by the detailed 19-item CTS. The PVS also detected 64.5 percent of women who were identified as abused on the 30-item ISA." The researchers point out that "the highest prevalence rate of partner violence was noted among women with only a previous relationship and no current partner." They conclude: "All women seeking care in emergency departments should be asked directly about partner violence, regardless of marital status or current relationships ... Patients with positive screens should have this history documented in the medical record, and they should be offered support, counseling, or at the very least, referrals to safe shelters and an action plan to ensure their future safety." Editorial: Learning From the Paradoxes of Domestic Violence In an accompanying editorial in this week's JAMA, Anne Flitcraft, M.D., of the University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, describes domestic violence as "a phenomenon built on the apparent contradiction of love and violence." She points to some of the paradoxes--including an incident mentioned by Brookoff and colleagues, in which the assailant actually calls the police, and the victim appears to protect the assailant when investigators arrive. She notes that Feldhaus and colleagues make an important point: "Ending the violence is not simply about ending the relationship. To the contrary, of women seen in emergency departments who reported feeling unsafe ... more than half attributed their fears to ongoing abuse by a past partner." Emphasizing that domestic violence is a major cause of injury, disability, homicide, homelessness, addiction, attempted suicide and child abuse, Dr. Flitcraft concludes that these studies remind us of "the need to address the status of health, justice and human rights in our communities."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Behind Bars (Public Broadcasting's 'NewsHour with Jim Lehrer' Reports On New CASA Study Alleging 80 Percent Of America's 1.7 Million Prisoners Are There Due To 'Abuse' Of Alcohol, Other Drugs) Date: Fri, 09 Jan 1998 19:26:14 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: PBS NewsHour Transcript: Behind Bars - Califano & McCollum Sender: email@example.com Source: The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, PBS Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Thursday, 7 Jan 1998 BEHIND BARS Of 1.7 million people in prison in the US, 1.4 million cases involve substance abuse a Columbia University study reported. Alcohol abuse is especially widespread among our nation's criminals. Treatment programs within prisons are being used to fight this growing problem. Jim Lehrer spoke to Rep. Bill McCollum (R) Florida, and Joseph Califano. JIM LEHRER: Now to today's report stating drug and alcohol abuse are involved in the incarceration of 80 percent of the people now in American prisons. Joseph Califano is chairman and president of Columbia University's National Center on Addiction & Substance Abuse which issued the report. He's joined tonight by Congressman Bill McCollum, Republican of Florida, chairman of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime. Mr. Califano, how strong are these connections between the 80 percent of the prisoners and drug and alcohol abuse? JOSEPH CALIFANO, National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse: Well, they're very strong. We have 1.7 million people in prison in this country; 1.4 million are there either because they violated drug and alcohol laws, because they were high at the time that they committed their crime, were on alcohol or drugs, because they stole money to buy drugs, or because they have a history of alcohol and drug abuse. So really we have prisons that are wall-to-wall with individuals with drug and alcohol problems. JIM LEHRER: And is it--is your report and your study, has it concluded that those people wouldn't be in prison if they had not been alcohol and drug abusers? JOSEPH CALIFANO: Two--of the 1.4 million 200,000 are drug dealers who do not use drugs. The other 1.2 million are people hundreds of thousands of whom would not be in prison if they did not use drugs and alcohol. And when we release them from prison without treating them, what we're really doing is visiting on society alcoholics and drug addicts who will commit crimes, who are visiting criminals on society. And when we release drug addicts without treating them, we're releasing from prison individuals who are supporting drug dealers and the drug market. JIM LEHRER: All right. I want to get to that part of it in a moment, but I want to first go back to--I want to go to Congressman McCollum. Do you dispute the basic finding, the 80 percent finding? REP. BILL McCOLLUM, (R) Florida: Well, first of all, I want to say that I have a great deal of respect for Joseph Califano. He has had a tremendous record and does right now on trying to fight the war on drugs and do it the right way. And I think this report--in general, what I know about it--is an excellent report. But I would say that there are some questionable facets to it. For example, the report, itself, says that the 80 percent figure is based upon the implication of drug involvement by a great many of these people. And it defines what implication to drugs means. And part of that definition includes those who have had regular use, which are further defined as little as one dose or one use of marijuana a week for a month. Now, I don't doubt that most of the people who are in jail say--and prisons around this country have some connection with the drug problem, and they should be treated, and they need to be treated. In fact, in the federal system the good news is that by the end of this fiscal year, by the 1st of October this year we're in right now every single eligible prisoner in the federal prison system will be in a drug treatment program. That's the good news. And the states now are not necessarily in that state of affairs. And the bad news also is that even in the federal system the effectiveness, the success rate of these treatment programs is only about 10 percent, better than the private side, but not nearly as good as it should be. JIM LEHRER: Mr. Califano, what did your study find about the treatment and the effectiveness of treatment in federal, state, and also compared to private? JOSEPH CALIFANO: Let me--also, I'd like to clarify just one thing for Rep. McCollum, who is also a great battler in this important war for our country. Regular drug use is defined as it's traditionally defined, which is the use of drugs twice a week at a minimum for a period of at least a month. Of the roughly several hundred thousand regular drug users that are in prison most of them were regular drug users in the month prior to their arrest, and most of them were tested positive for drugs. And the drugs they tested positive for were by and large heroin and cocaine and not marijuana. Secondly, alcohol is the drug most connected with violent crime, which the report indicates. On your question with respect to treatment, basically the federal budget in fiscal 1997, .9 of 1 percent of the prison budget, $25 million, was spent for treatment. That is going up as Congressman McCollum knows. With respect to the states, basically the need for treatment has gone up. And, remember, of the 1.7 million prisoners 1.6 million are in state prisoners. The federal part of this problem is the tail of the dog. And as the need for treatment has gone up roughly eight hundred and fifty, eight hundred and sixty thousand people who need treatment, those who are getting treatment has gone down. Less than 150,000 got treatment. And what is called treatment in prison, in state prisons, is often woefully inadequate. It's a little education; it's a little of this. The kind of treatment we think is needed is an intensive residential treatment for most of these people, along with job training and literacy training, whatever they need to get them up to a high school equivalency. JIM LEHRER: Congressman, do you agree with that, that treatment in prison of these billions of prisoners could do tremendous things? REP. BILL McCOLLUM: I think that it would, now not alone, but it is very important that it happen. And it's not happening well today. As I said earlier, I think the figure I used is correct, that only about a 10 percent success rate exists in any of these treatment programs, that being higher again out in the civil world, where drug treatment programs don't have prisoners incarcerated. So I agree with that part of the report. I also think it's important, though, to know that as we go through this process, the violent criminal is being incarcerated for longer and longer periods of time for justification and good reason, and that, in fact, the person who's there and being treated, the treatment alone is not the sole answer. In other words, we need to have a combination of photos. We need, as Mr. Califano said, to be sure we have prison industry programs at work, job training programs at work; when the prisoners go out, they are followed, which they're not today--in most of our prison systems when they're released to the degree necessary. There's a lot to this. And right now one of the more remarkable things is that we have seen the crime rate, the violent crime rate, coming down I think in large measure because we have extended the length of stay in prisons for many people who are involved in these violent crimes and serious drug trafficking offenses by the truth and sentencing laws that most--more than 50 percent of the states now have passed and the federal government has--it says you have to serve at least 85 percent of your sentences to stop the revolving door that was in presence in this country for so long in the prison system. JIM LEHRER: Congressman-- JOSEPH CALIFANO: We have slowed the revolving door. We haven't stopped it. I think it is important to note that, on average, people get out of prison in one and a half to four years; that even with the sentences that Congressman McCollum is talking about people for crimes like aggravated assault are getting out on an average in three years, so that if we want to continue to use crime in this country, we've got to make sure that when these people are released, we have given them the treatment and training they need to become taxpaying, law abiding citizens, and that we're not simply releasing more criminals on society because they are getting out. JIM LEHRER: Congressman McCollum, what about Mr. Califano's earlier point that, that it's--that the violent crime is being committed more by alcohol abusers than drug abusers--does that jibe with your subcommittee's finding as well? REP. BILL McCOLLUM: Well, I haven't studied his report and I'm looking forward to be able to see it in detail, but what we see out there is that drugs and alcohol are definitely involved, but I'm not ready to say that our studies have shown up to this point the connection that he's saying his report does show. What I do-- JOSEPH CALIFANO: Our analysis is to--our analysis, and we will--the report, I think, is in your office. REP. BILL McCOLLUM: We're looking forward to reading it in detail. JOSEPH CALIFANO: And we want to work with you on it. 21 percent of the individuals in state prison who are incarcerated for violent crime were high on alcohol only at the time of their crime. 3 percent were high on crack cocaine only and 1 percent on heroin only. In the jails it's about 26 percent in comparable lower percentages. REP. BILL McCOLLUM: I also want to say, if I could, Mr. Califano, that I don't disagree with your numbers with respect to the amount of people getting out earlier than they really should be. But the reality is that we need to get the other half of the states to go to this 85 percent sentencing rule to get truth in sentencing throughout the nation. And that would make a huge difference in this, but it does require, in addition to that, everything you've said about the need to come forward with better drug treatment programs, more drug treatment programs in the states, as well as the prison training, and the opportunity to get jobs when they get out. JIM LEHRER: What about his point also, Congressman, that--and the report's point--that if these folks are not treated, they go to prison only, even if they stay for many years, they come back out still addicted to either alcohol or drugs, and just become--become repeat customers, or out on the streets? REP. BILL McCOLLUM: I think that's absolutely correct, but I think that there's something that's not in this report that needs to be said too because the report didn't try to cover this apparently. And that is that in those few states where we really have good prison industry systems and they're not as complete anyway as we'd like, the recidivism rate where those states exist with these programs is very low, compared to where they don't. And we need very, very much to have prison industries reviewed. I think that is equally important to the drug treatment issue as is the question of how we deal with drug treatment in those who are addicted, or those who are alcoholics. JIM LEHRER: Mr. Califano, you've issued your report--250 pages. How long did your folks work on this, three years? JOSEPH CALIFANO: It took three years to do this. JIM LEHRER: Three years. Okay. Now, what happens? What happens now? JOSEPH CALIFANO: I think now what happens, fortunately, a couple of good things happen. One, I'd like to say treatment and training in prison is a tremendously sound investment for taxpayers. We estimate that if we treated all of those 1.2 million prisoners, it would cost about $7.8 billion, about $6500 each. And the return on that investment in the first year would be more than $8 billion, and we'd have tremendous returns thereafter. What happens now, one, I think largely because of our report, the drug czar announced today that he's going to call a conference in March of experts in the treatment and training area. And Mr. McConnell is exactly right. Training and work is very important to go along with this. And that will lead to a conference in October or November with several hundred people from all the states in this country. JIM LEHRER: All right. JOSEPH CALIFANO: We need a revolution in the way we think about people in prison, and we need, as I said in the report, a second front in the war on crime. JIM LEHRER: Okay. JOSEPH CALIFANO: In prisons. JIM LEHRER: We have to leave it there. Gentlemen, thank you both very much.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Crackdown On The Border Is Paying Off, Officials Say ('Operation Rio Grande' Along South Texas Border Said To Result In 'A Dramatic Drop In Arrests Of Illegal Immigrants,' Although 'Marijuana And Cocaine Seizures Have Increased,' Operation 'Has Failed To Shut Down The Principal Smuggling Corridor On US 77' - 'It's A Slow Process,' Says Commander) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 22:11:40 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US TX: Crackdown On The Border Is Paying Off, Officials Say Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Art Smart Source: Houston Chronicle Page: Page One, Front Page Author: James Pinkerton Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.chron.com/ Crackdown on the border is paying off, officials say McALLEN -- Border Patrol officials said Tuesday that it is too early to pronounce Operation Rio Grande a success, but claimed a dramatic drop in arrests of illegal immigrants is attributable to the unprecedented federal buildup in South Texas that began in August. Moreover, Border Patrol agents for the first time are confident that Washington has given them adequate tools -- hundreds of new officers, vehicles and an array of high-tech equipment -- to begin controlling a notoriously porous and violent stretch of the Texas-Mexico border. Shootouts with drug traffickers and immigrant smugglers are so common in the McAllen sector that agents must wear bulletproof vests and carry military assault rifles on the river. "I'm very, very satisfied with what's going on, but it's going to take time -- it's a slow process," said Chief Joe Garza, who heads the McAllen sector, which includes 282 miles along the Rio Grande. The Border Patrol sector chief said crime has decreased in Brownsville, the largest city in the Rio Grande Valley, a drop city police attribute to the increased federal presence in city streets. Since the operation began, arrests of illegal immigrants in the 17,000-square-mile sector have dropped by as much as 5,400 a month, when compared with the same time in 1996. However, Garza emphasized the operation has failed to shut down the principal smuggling corridor on U.S. 77, used by an estimated 75 percent of undocumented immigrants who cross the border. Smugglers operate safe houses in and around the community of Raymondville, and walk their clients around the Border Patrol's highway checkpoint farther north. Garza said his Raymondville detail arrested 97 illegal immigrants Monday night, and noted the arrest rate has dropped slightly so far this year. Garza said that in the past, Border Patrol operations in his sector would be launched and "two or three days later we would be out of gas, out of time or out of money, and we'd have to go back to business as usual and the smugglers would just wait us out." Operation Rio Grande, launched in Brownsville last Aug. 25, has massed hundreds of Border Patrol agents along the Rio Grande in traditional crossing areas. The number of personnel has increased from 498 in 1995 to 849 today. Along with the additional agents, 38 batteries of floodlights are trained on the brush river banks, and a trio of long-range, low- light telescopes have been mounted in strategic buildings and now scan the border. "With Operation Rio Grande, we have changed our mindset," Garza said at a Tuesday news briefing. "I think we have the will ... and the resources and the support -- not only from the community, but from our own people, our administration in Washington plus our Congress -- to take control of the border." Marijuana and cocaine seizures have increased since the operation got under way as agents stop more vehicles driving away from the river and uncover more drug caches along the border. Meanwhile, immigration officials who are stationed at the Valley's international bridges report a record number of immigrants using false documents, including 67 arrested over New Year's weekend. Since the operation began, 2,278 people using fraudulent or borrowed documents have been arrested. An Immigration and Naturalization Service official speculated that many of those arrested were trying to avoid Operation Rio Grande. But Operation Rio Grande has it critics, including immigration rights groups. Activists say it has not cut down on the flow of illegals but has been a boon to the "coyotes," as immigrant smugglers are known. "Well, more than anything it is pushing people out west" into remote brushlands up river, said Nathan Selzer, with the Valley Coalition for Justice. "There is a concern if you push people away from the populated areas, there will be more risks." Garza, the Border Patrol sector chief, said there was not a single abuse complaint during Operation Rio Grande that has been substantiated. However, Selzer said his group is investigating five incidents including a man who claims Border Patrol agents broke his arm after his arrest. "What we've run into is a great reluctance of people to go forward to the government with allegations of abuse ... there is very little faith they won't be retaliated against," said Selzer, who works out of Harlingen. Operation Rio Grande is the third intensive operation this decade by the Border Patrol where agents are placed within sight of each other along the border, and is similar in some respects to earlier efforts in El Paso and San Diego. In all three instances, the operations have been popular with merchants in border cities who have for years put up with shoplifters, petty thieves and burglars who slip across the border to commit crimes. "The Border Patrol presence downtown has contributed in a positive way to decreasing the crime rate in Brownsville," said local police Lt. Henry Etheridge. "It runs the whole array. You have strong-arm robbers holding up people and running back to Mexico, and at night we used to have burglars who broke into businesses through the roofs. And that has decreased," he said. As in El Paso, gone are the scruffy squads of Mexican youths who stationed themselves on busy Brownsville intersections and washed windshields or juggled balls, asking for a few coins in return.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Fatal Heroin Overdose Rattles Family Of Haltom City Man (Alcohol Impaired Recovering Texas Addict, Sister-In-Law Tells 'Dallas Morning News') Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 20:49:13 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US TX: Fatal Heroin Overdose Rattles Family Of Haltom City Man Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Dallas Morning News Author: Dave Michaels, The Dallas Morning News Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.dallasnews.com FATAL HEROIN OVERDOSE RATTLES FAMILY OF HALTOM CITY MAN Alcohol Impaired Recovering Addict, Sister-in-law Says As a recovering drug abuser, Robert Hampton seemed to have adjusted his path from crooked to straight. The 51-year-old plumber was driving a new truck, taking care of his ailing mother and saving money, relatives said. Doing heroin seemed like the last thing on his mind. But, impaired by a night of drinking whiskey-and-Cokes, the Haltom City resident turned to heroin one last time, said Shirley Hampton, his sister-in-law. About five hours later, Mrs. Hampton found him dead, slumped over in a bathroom with a charred spoon, a belt and a syringe at his side, police said. Mr. Hampton's Dec. 30 death was the second suspected fatal heroin overdose in Tarrant County in a week, authorities said. Eric Lee Higgins, 20, of Bedford, was found dead in his bedroom Dec. 29. Friends and relatives have said Mr. Higgins had used heroin that night. Additionally, authorities are awaiting toxicology results to determine whether a third death - that of Keller resident Bruce Allen Fann, 36, on Friday - may have been linked to heroin abuse, said Keller police Lt. Tommy Williams. Heroin is also considered the cause of a near-fatal overdose Sunday in Hurst, where a 17-year-old was found at a friend's house in the 1700 block of Renee Drive in a "crisis state," police said. He was treated at North Hills Medical Center and later released, Detective Doug Blue said. It was the second close call for the youth, who was treated at a Bedford hospital for a heroin overdose in late November, police said. Detective Kyle Barton, a Haltom City police spokesman, said authorities are awaiting toxicology results on Mr. Hampton and on residue found on the spoon, though drug paraphernalia that was found suggests he injected heroin before dying. But Mrs. Hampton said her brother-in-law seemed to have abandoned the vice at least a year ago. "I think what happened is he had been drinking whiskey. Real stiff drinks, like one-fourth a cup of soda pop and the rest whiskey and ice," Mrs. Hampton, 55, said. "If he did [overdose], I think it was an accident. He was too drunk to know what he was doing. But, of course, he shouldn't have been doing it anyway." Family members never suspected that Mr. Hampton still used heroin, they said, if only because he looked healthy and worked hard. A large man with a healthy appetite, he was a "caring, forgiving man, a sweet person," Mrs. Hampton said. He leaves behind two grown sons, a stepdaughter and four grandchildren, she said. One of the grandchildren was born the night he died, she said. "Stay away from heroin. Nothing but harm comes from it," she said. "Watching this episode take place, it is just so hard on the family. Your family suffers, not just you." Mr. Hampton's niece, Cynthia Kellar, said her uncle's death offers lessons for others thinking of experimenting with heroin. "To all the kids to who think drugs are a joke, it's just like playing Russian roulette. You don't ever know if this is the one time the bullet rolls around," said Ms. Kellar, 26. "No matter what, life is too precious to waste for a few seconds of pleasure."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Administrator Says Hospital 'Vindicated' - Riverside's Substance Abuse Funding Will Be Reimbursed By State Commission (Texas Commission On Alcohol And Drug Abuse Will Pay Houston Hospital $2 Million For Treatment Provided While Its Sate Funding Was Suspended During A Three-Year, $6 Million Investigation Into Alleged Misuse Of Funds By Scores Of TCADA Contractors, Which Turned Up Nothing) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 22:15:01 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US TX: Riverside's Substance Abuse Funding Will Be Reimbursed By State Commission Newshawk: Art Smart Source: Houston Chronicle Author: Mark Smith Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.chron.com/ Administrator says hospital 'vindicated' RIVERSIDE'S SUBSTANCE ABUSE FUNDING WILL BE REIMBURSED BY STATE COMMISSION The Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse will reimburse Houston's Riverside General Hospital for substance abuse treatment it provided while its state funding was suspended during an investigation. A Riverside official said Tuesday that the hospital expects to receive some $2 million in back claims for services rendered but not reimbursed during an investigation of Riverside and other TCADA contractors. In a letter last month to Riverside officials, TCADA Executive Director Terry Faye Bleier said the hospital is now in good standing with the agency. TCADA agreed in November to reinstate up to $1.6 million budgeted for Riverside in the current fiscal year, pending financial and program reviews. Riverside General and its administrator, Earnest Gibson, were key targets in the statewide investigation into alleged misuse of funds by scores of TCADA contractors. During the probe, TCADA withheld payments on existing contracts with Riverside General. "I feel the hospital and myself have been vindicated following the state's investigation," Gibson said. "I think it was clear the hospital provided exceptional services to this community. "We were hopeful that it would take no more than 90 days to resolve the dispute, but it dragged on nearly three years," Gibson said. "My real regret is the devastating effect this had on the substance abuse industry in the state of Texas. I believe it was all unnecessary." TCADA administers state funds used to pay contractors who provide substance abuse treatment. During the probe, state investigators and auditors questioned claims totaling more than $50 million by 158 TCADA contractors. Riverside's questioned claims totaled about $7 million. Texas Department of Public Safety investigators said that more than 22 programs statewide would be referred to local authorities for possible prosecution. And a legislative committee investigating allegations of wrongdoing among TCADA contractors even hired a private detective to probe Gibson's financial compensation. But only a few indictments were returned. And though Texas Rangers presented Harris County prosecutors with evidence against six Houston-area providers, including Riverside General, none was indicted. The $7 million in questioned claims at Riverside has been whittled to $238,000, and the hospital is challenging that. The $50 million questioned statewide has shrunk to $6.8 million. The rest turned out to be legitimate and adequately documented under state guidelines, TCADA officials now say. In all, the investigation cost thousands of man-hours and more than $6 million, including $3.6 million paid to a private auditing firm. Bleier's letter appears to follow the recommendation of a senior administrative law judge. After listening to more than a month of testimony last year, Earl Corbitt, a senior administrative law judge with the State Office of Administrative Hearings, found that TCADA did not act in good faith during negotiations prior to terminating Riverside General's contracts. The judge also found that TCADA's decision was "arbitrary and capricious." Corbitt recommended that TCADA reinstate all of Riverside's contracts except an outpatient program for women, and said that one could be reinstated if Riverside met certain management and personnel conditions. The judge's recommendation was submitted to the TCADA Board for a final decision, but it never came to a board vote because of the agreement between Riverside and TCADA staff to restore this year's fiscal year funding.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Is Medicine (Letter To Editor Of 'Lethbridge Herald' In Canada About History Of Cannabis As Herbal Medicine) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 17:36:07 From: Kathy galbraith
Subject: Marijuana is medicine Resent-Sender: email@example.com To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Kathy galbraith Subject: Marijuana is medicine Editor The Lethbridge Herald, Jan. 7, 1998. Dear Editor, In response to your article of Dec.11, "Portions of marijuana law unconstitutional, judge rules", of course this herbal medicine should be available for proper and responsible use. As a long-time student and practitioner of herbal medicine and natural healing methods, I wondered why most herbal texts do not even mention marijuana/cannabis/hemp. The best and most comprehensive text in my library, School of Natural Healing, by Dr. John R. Christopher, lists it as a sleep aid, relaxant, pain killer, antispasmodic, and female corrective. Latest evidence shows it is effective for relieving the pain and spasms of MS, seizures of epilepsy, migraines, ghost-pain of amputees, chronic pain of some sorts, some depressions, premenstrual disorder, glaucoma, AIDS wasting & nausea, and cancer nausea. Queen Victoria used it, as prescribed by her physician for PMS and migraines. The British Medical Association and the New England Journal of Medicine have both asked that it be made available to those who need it immediately, and patients who have been denied it have been desperate enough to get themselves arrested just to protest the status quo.(Lynn Harichy, mother, grandmother, medical student, and MS sufferer in London, Ont.) No one has ever died from a pot overdose, it does not kill or harm the cells of the body. There are many ways to use it besides smoking; a chronic pain patient from Halifax says one mj brownie lasts and works better than several Tylenol 3's. Surely it is time to adopt a rational, compassionate approach instead of allowing pot sales to line the pockets of biker-gangs who don't care whether they sell to a cancer patient or a child in the school yard. Recent polls show the majority of Canadians favor changing the law to allow responsible use. Regulation would put cannabis/mj where it belongs - in the drugstore, health food store and herb garden, alongside the other herbs God gave us to use, like parsley, sage, garlic, and mint. Kathy Galbraith Midwife, teacher, student of natural healing. Raymond *** Kathy Galbraith e-mail: GALBRAITH@upanet.uleth.ca Public Access Internet The University of Lethbridge
------------------------------------------------------------------- Suing For Peace In The War On Drugs (A Vancouver, BC, Constable Concludes That Prohibition Just Won't Work) Source: Globe and Mail (Toronto) Contact: email@example.com Published: Wednesday, January 7, 1998 Author: Robert Matas in Vancouver SUING FOR PEACE IN THE WAR ON DRUGS After 15 years in the trenches, a constable concludes that prohibition just won't work Vancouver -- PUSHERS, addicts and the hapless victims of drug-related crime -- they have all drawn their share of media attention. But consider for a moment the perspective of the person the public sends to the front line in the war on drugs: the police officer. Thanks in large part to Hollywood, the stereotype is that of the crusading cop who tracks down dealers against insurmountable odds and rarely appears to be troubled by the strung-out junkies encountered along the way. This image of indifference to the human cost of drug use is so pervasive that it's a shock when a real cop speaks out and expresses sympathy for those tangled up with narcotics. Gil Puder has done that and much more. Last week, he stepped out of his role as a Vancouver police constable and called publicly for the decriminalization of heroin and cocaine. In an article in a local newspaper, he maintained that drug abuse is a health issue, rather than a criminal one. But Const. Puder did not stop there. He also pointed fingers, accusing federal Health Minister Alan Rock of ducking the issue and suggesting that B.C. Attorney-General Ujjal Dosanjh "would rather talk tough and count the bodies." He wondered whether the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police has been silent on the issue because its members have built their careers on drug enforcement. Even his own force has not escaped criticism. Last month it raided The Cannabis Cafe, a local diner that provides customers with pipes to smoke marijuana, although it does not sell the drug. Const. Puder likens the raid to a Keystone Kops episode. "I was there," he said in an interview, "doing crowd control." The goal of the exercise, he suspects, was not just to enforce the law but to put the controversial cafe‚ -- an attraction for visitors from the United States and the rest of Canada -- out of business. "Most of the guys just shrugged their shoulders and wondered why they were there." The article in the Vancouver Sun was written, says Const. Puder, because, after 15 years on duty, he was finally fed up. Drugs and violence have been part of his entire career. A few years after joining the police, he shot and killed an addict who was robbing a bank. In 1987, a friend, Sergeant Larry Young, was shot during a drug raid. This year he spent New Year's Day in a flop house, watching an ambulance team trying to save a junkie's life. But the incident that really hit home happened back in November. A young addict had died and he had to break the news to his mother. A recent immigrant from Eastern Europe, she was already mourning the unexpected death of her husband and now found herself all alone in a strange land. She started talking about suicide. According to Const. Puder, a police officer always finds it easier to depersonalize a situation and just do his or her job. But after this incident, he felt truly tired of repeatedly having to cope with violent death. Unfortunately, he says, no one seems prepared to address the situation. Officials agree that the drug problem finances criminal organizations, drives Vancouver's HIV epidemic, and perpetuates the petty and major crimes that swamp the courts. They recognize that prohibition of drugs has its limitations, and acknowledge that tighter enforcement has proved futile. Nevertheless, he contends, the federal government appears to be more frightened by the opposition Reform Party -- and its get-tough policies -- than it is by the drug problem. Such outspokenness on the part of a police officer is rare -- with good reason, given law enforcement's quasi-military tradition and the ever-present potential for disciplinary action. But Const. Puder insists that such tactics would not work on him. He is ready to stand up to anyone who tries to deny him his right to free speech. As for intimidation, "I'm 6-foot-4, 220 pounds, a black belt in karate and former boxer. I teach the use of force. If someone wants to meet me in the back alley, just tell me and I'll show up." But he need not worry. After the article appeared, he received hand shakes and messages of support from dozens of his colleagues. Still, he realizes that publicizing his views may not be the best of career moves. "But I'm not trying to be chief," he admitted. "I'm happy with my career." At 38, he works part-time with the force, patrolling the downtown district, and part-time as an instructor at the B.C. Police Academy and Langara College. (A specialist in the use of force, he has designed training manuals for private security programs and trains other instructors.) This arrangement, he says, is flexible and offers more time to spend with his family (he has two sons, 3 and 9). His experience, he feels, allows him to speak out on the decriminalization of narcotics without coming across as "a bleeding-heart wimp." But he'd like to see others take a more active role in the debate. "Social workers speak up. We [the police] directly interact with the issue every day. Why cannot we speak up? Are we just supposed to shut up, say nothing, just grit our teeth?" But even if he stands alone, Const. Puder intends to keep pressing his case. "This is just something that has to be kept on the front burner." Robert Matas is a member of The Globe and Mail's Vancouver bureau. Cause for concern When a member of their police force speaks out on drugs, Vancouverites have good reason to pay attention. The east side of their downtown area has been identified as the worst spot in the developed world for the rapid spread of the AIDS virus, mainly because there are so many drug addicts sharing dirty needles. Also, Vancouver is believed to have 10 times as many drug traffickers as any other place in Canada. In the past five years, about 1,470 people have died in British Columbia from overdosing on an illegal drug. The regional health unit has declared a medical emergency, and Mayor Philip Owen has stepped up law enforcement. In an effort to stem a wave of property crimes, he is moving up to 100 members of the police force from desk jobs to the streets. *** CClist, the electronic news and information service of CANNABIS CANADA, "Canada's National Magazine of Marijuana & Hemp" Subscribe to Cannabis Canada! Call 1-800-330-HEMP for info. Write to: Suite 504, 21 Water St., Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6B 1A1 Visit Cannabis Canada online at http://www.hempbc.com/ To subscribe to the list send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with the words "subscribe cclist" in the body of the message.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Kingston, Ontario, Police Bust Erewhon, Off The Cuff Hemp Stores (Allegedly Disregarding Ontario Supreme Court By Confiscating Literature, Hemp Products) Date: Thu, 8 Jan 1998 05:39:10 -0400 (AST) From: Chris Donald
To: Matt Elrod cc: email@example.com Subject: More Hemp Stores busted by police Looks like any public beacon of support for the evil weed is being systematically suppressed by the machinery of the state to me. Talk about closing the barn door after the horse is gone. On Wed, 7 Jan 1998, Matt Elrod wrote: -------- Forwarded message -------- Date: Tue, 07 Jan 1997 17:22:50 +0100 From: Dan (firstname.lastname@example.org) Please Post the following to CCList & Mattalk -- POLICE IN KINGSTON VIOLATE SUPREME COURT RULING By Dan Loehndorf Ontario Supreme Court rulings mean nothing to police in Kingston who recently raided Bill Stevenson's hemp store, Erehwon . On January 7, 1998, police entered the store with a warrant which quoted 462.2 of the Criminal Code, stating that the store owner did knowingly promote or sell an instrument for drug use , namely a hash pipe and screen. But they took everything. Cannabis Canada, High Times, marijuana cultivation handbooks, hemp clothing and wallets, black lights, key chains, anything with a hemp leaf or the words marijuana or hemp on it - all went into the back of a police van. Store owner Bill Stevenson approached the police one by one and read to them from a recent article in Cannabis Canada. Don t you know about the Ontario Supreme Court Ruling? he asked. In 1994, Ontario Supreme Court Judge Ellen J MacDonald ruled that cannabis literature was not illegal, and that the sections of 462.2 pertaining to cannabis literature contradicted the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Hemp clothing was explicitly legalized by the Senate Committee appointed to address Bill C-8 in 96, which recommended that mature cannabis stalks, that do not include leaves, flowers, seeds or branches, be exempted from the definition of marijuana, along with any fibres derived from such stalks. The police hid behind hierarchy. My boss told me to take everything, was enough justification for trained officers of the law to vandalize and steal from Mr. Stevenson s store. I sort of expected them to show up here sooner or later, said Mr. Stevenson, But the way they did it ... They didn't care to listen to what I had to say. The same day, police also raided Kingston's other hemp store, Off the Cuff. With the recent raids of HempBC in Vancouver, and The Plant in Edmonton, Hemp store owners are becoming even more adamant to dig in their heels - they are being united by oppression. Police use the threat of deadly weapons, superior numbers, and authority to conduct what amounts to nothing less than armed robbery. Hemp store owners have only nonviolent protest, determination, and truth on their side. I m betting on the hemp store owners.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Editorial - Cuckoo's Nest ('Ottawa Citizen' Disapproves Of Tobacco Prohibitionists In California, Colorado) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 22:32:39 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Editorial: CUCKOO'S NEST Sender: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Citizen Section: Editorial Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday 7 January 1998 Website: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/ CUCKOO'S NEST The shrinkage of private space continues apace. On Jan. 1, California -- that strange place where the future arrives on the planet -- refined the modern social-engineering project even further by banning cigarette smoking almost everywhere except in the home. No doubt, bylaws for home smoking are just a matter of time. In fact, Colorado legislators are drawing up a bill that would make it illegal to smoke in a car that also contained a child. Soon, it seems, as the armies of the new puritanism conquer more and more psychic territory, there will be no private space left where we can indulge what habits we like. As a consequence, we predict a great increase in mental illness. Which, of course, will require an even greater state presence in our lives. A corps of visiting Nurse Ratcheds, perhaps.
------------------------------------------------------------------- End Marijuana Prohibition (Britisher's Letter To Editor Of 'The European') Date: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 21:50:43 -0800 From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: UK: PUB LTE: End Marijuana Prohibition Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com (CLCIA) Source : The European Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 Newshawk Comment : This letter was also published in The Independent on Monday 5th January (as a result of e-mailing it to dozens of papers at once). Sirs, I am once again appalled at the amount of time and public money being spent prosecuting a person for an offence involving a virtually harmless plant - cannabis. By now it should be quite clear that cannabis is remarkably safe. This has been confirmed by every major Government and scientific investigation including our own 1968 Royal Commission Report. Our laws are meant to protect people and society, not simply impose the will of the Government on its citizens. Recently they have banned beef on the bone - that, like cannabis, has been declared dangerous. Yet known poisons and dangers, not only the likes of alcohol and tobacco but also mercury fillings, clingfilm, pesticides, pollutants and food additives, are allowed. Let's get the matter straight. The act of the Minister's son in supplying cannabis, had no victim, nobody was hurt (except possibly the pride of his farther). Millions of people have supplied each other with cannabis since this case has been in the press, both supplier and supplied being happy to be involved and with no harm done. The only victims will be the lad himself - a victim of a nonsense law - and the public who will foot the bill. What we need is truth, not the hidden agenda or some sort of Nanny State run by hypocritical individuals who seem hardly capable of living within their own rules. Sincerely, Ann Clarke 45 Mount Pleasant Norwich
------------------------------------------------------------------- Time To Take Pot Luck (Editorial Columnist At 'The Scotsman' Says The Law On Cannabis Is Not Working And The British Prime Minister Should Establish A Royal Commission To Consider Legalisation) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 21:14:14 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: OPED: Time To Take Pot Luck Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: shug Source: The Scotsman Author: Allan Massie Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Pubdate: Wed, 7 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.scotsman.com TIME TO TAKE POT LUCK COMMENTARY: The Law On Cannabis Is Not Working. Mr Blair should accept this and consider legalisation, says Allan Massie IN A speech on the rejection of the Reform Bill, the Liberal clergyman Sydney Smith compared the efforts of the House of Lords to block the progress of reform to the attempts of a Mrs Partington to keep out the Atlantic with a mop, during a great storm at Sidmouth in 1824. This prompted a famous cartoon by (I think) Cruikshank in which Mrs Partington was given the features of the Duke of Wellington, the most obdurate opponent of parliamentary reform. Mrs Partington is still with us, though now she wears the features of Tony Blair or Jack Straw as they try to push back the incoming Atlantic of drugs with their little mops. Alternatively, their conduct of the war against drugs resembles Hitler's conduct of the war on the Eastern Front. Barbarossa has failed, the Battle of Stalingrad has been lost, but still demented orders are issued from the bunker forbidding any withdrawal. And yet the retreat goes on, the war is being lost. It is being lost because it has become unwinnable. Does anyone seriously suppose otherwise? Presumably Mr Blair and Mr Straw do, for they propose to intensify the war. They have appointed a new commander, ludicrously styled a czar. Don't they remember what happened to the last czar of all the Russias? We know how the war-song goes. Cannabis (which, incidentally, was made illegal only in 1928) is bad in itself. Furthermore, cannabis addiction leads to addiction to harder and still more harmful drugs such as heroin and cocaine (I am not quite sure where ecstasy fits in the catalogue.) Therefore to decriminalise or legalise cannabis will open the door to new horrors. Now, this may or may not be true. There is certainly no inevitability about it. That is obvious. It is more than 30 years since cannabis became a fashionable drug in universities, 30 years since the young Bill Clinton smoked a joint, but famously (or feebly) did not inhale. Though Jack Straw spoke out against drugs even when he was president of the National Union of Students, I should be incredulous if anyone claimed that there was nobody in Mr Blair's Cabinet who had experimented with drugs in their dizzy youth. I should think several did. But I would find it equally hard to believe that any Cabinet minister was now a cocaine or heroin addict. Nobody of sense denies that prolonged and intensive smoking of cannabis is harmful. It makes people goofy and incapable of concentration. It destroys their ability to work, and their ability to relate intelligently and sensitively to other people. That is to say, it is damaging in much the same way as prolonged and intensive drinking of alcohol is damaging. But "recreational" smokers of cannabis don't reach this condition, any more than recreational drinkers of alcohol do. There is another side to addiction: it is not necessarily altogether harmful. It damages, but it may also enrich - if you survive it, and escape from it. I speak as one addicted, not only to caffeine and nicotine, both of which I still use because, though they may damage the health, they do not derange, but also to alcohol, from which I now abstain. Addiction can lead to self-knowledge; the struggle against it can strengthen you. I have known a good many alcoholics; some of my best friends were drunks. Some of them are, sadly, dead. I don't regard that as a reason for banning alcohol. Some have survived, and many of these are stronger and better people as a result of the experience. I suppose the same may be said of recovered drug addicts. Concerning drugs, we are in a state of mental and moral confusion. On the one hand, most of us recognise that the present law is not working. Estimates of the number of regular users of cannabis can be no more than guesses. Some put the figure as high as two million. I have no idea whether this is about right or wildly wrong. What is obvious is that the present legislation puts hundreds of thousands of otherwise law-abiding young people on the wrong side of the law. This breeds (since the law is so difficult to enforce) indifference to law itself, and contempt for it too. It leads them to think of the police as their enemies - even though it is a law which, I suppose, a good many policemen and policewomen themselves break. The mental and moral confusion reaches right up to the top. Even without asking how many of our judges, fiscals, advocates and legislators have themselves dabbled with drugs, if only in their youth, we may still shake our heads in amazement at the spectacle presented by our Prime Minister, Mr Having-it- both-ways Blair. One week he appoints a czar to lead the war against drugs; the next, as it were, he invites rock stars who openly parade their use of drugs to his celebrity parties at Downing Street. It is grotesque. It would make the most solemn cat split its sides with laughing. Some will call this hypocrisy. I am not so unkind. I say it is merely an example of the mental and moral confusion which Mr Blair finds himself in. He can't be blamed for that. We are, most of us, in the same boat. That is why it is imperative that, as this newspaper and Sir David Steel have recommended, Mr Blair sets up a Royal Commission to examine the case for and against our present drugs laws, and to consider whether cannabis at least should be legalised. Note that I say "legalised". The worst possible decision would be merely to decriminalise cannabis. Decriminalisation would leave supply in the hands of the dealers, who also deal in other, more immediately dangerous drugs; and who have the incentive sometimes to be, or to pretend to be, out of cannabis, or out of good quality cannabis, in order to lure their clients on to experiment with harder drugs. Legalisation, however, removes supply from the criminal world, and hands it over to licensed vendors. It makes it possible to control the quality of cannabis they sell. It makes it possible to tax the drug, as alcohol and tobacco are taxed. The Royal Commission, having examined all the evidence, might recommend that the law stays as it is. That would satisfy many parents, few of whom hand their sons or daughters a joint as they might hand them a can of lager or a gin and tonic. It would justify the Government's continuation of its "war against drugs", however unlikely victory in that war may be. But it would be a mistake. There is little point in a law which is so difficult to enforce and which manifestly runs counter to what so many think justified. In this respect our drugs law differs from other laws which may be hard to enforce. Drunk drivers, rapists and murderers may all experience guilt; someone copped for possession or even supplying of cannabis is unlikely to do so. In these matters I am a liberal. The Government should trust the people. Individuals should be permitted to go their own way, even to the hell of addiction. A Royal Commission might decide otherwise, but it would be good if it advised Mrs Partington-Blair and Mrs Partington-Straw to put their mops away. Nannies belong in the nursery, not in Downing Street.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Request For Help From Europe (Prime Minister's Command To All 60 British Labour EU MPs May Swing European Policy Away From Harm Reduction To Swedish Model) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Request for help from Europe (fwd) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 14:39:19 -0800 Lines: 24 From: mario lap (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Dear Friends, I just got off the phone talking to Hedy D'Ancona, Social Democrat, former Dutch health minister and European MP. You may know that Mrs D'Ancona chaired the EU parliamentary commission on drugs that produced the recent report calling for EU harm reduction policies, room for regional solutions and studies of alternatives. Now believe it or not, this report is going to be voted down because all 60 British Labour EU MP were ordered to vote against it directly from Downing Street 10 and even worse they were also ordered to back up the Swedish amendments which will turn the whole thing into a disaster for humane drug policies. So it is now or never. Let's make a difference. Do you want Swedish drug policy? *** Date: Fri, 09 Jan 1998 07:17:49 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (CLCIA) (by way of Richard Lake, firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: MEPs I mailed the list of MEPs emails posted here yesterday, several of which bounced. I have had the following reply: This is the list of the one's that DID NOT bounce; the original list came from the Eupepean Parliament Labour Party site, obviously out of date. Copy this list to Bcc your message to them email@example.com, Michael.McGowan@btinternet.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, Bmiller@aol.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, Alan.Donnelly@ping.be, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, PaulineGreen@leevalley.co.uk, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, remote-printer.ShaunSpiers/MEP@441812989959.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.DavidThomas/MEP@441986895114.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.NormanWest/MEP@441226200791.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.IanWhite/MEP@441179236966.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.KenCollins/MEP@441355249670.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.MichaelElliott/MEP@441818107847.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.DavidHallam/MEP@441746768850.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.AlfLomas/MEP@441815030028.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.TomMegahy/MEP@441924366851.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.EddyNewman/MEP@441612573000.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.ChristineOddy/MEP@441203551424.iddd.tpc.int, remote-printer.BarrySeal/MEP@441274752092.iddd.tpc.int Hundreds of books on cannabis, including Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts, now available for purchase on-line through the Campaigner's Guide below: Campaign to Legalise Cannabis International Association (CLCIA) 54C Peacock Street, Norwich, Norfolk, NR3 1TB, UK campaigners' guide : http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/index.html home page : http://www.foobar.co.uk/users/ukcia/groups/clcia.html "The use of cannabis ought to be a matter of choice, not of law." The drugtext press list. News on substance use related issues, drugs and drug policy email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- In Panama, Sounds Like More Of Same (No Latin American Country Has Announced Participation In New 'International Drug-Interdiction Center' At Howard Air Force Base, Where Up To 2,000 US Troops Will Stay After 1999) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 21:17:30 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: In Panama, Sounds Like More Of Same Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Source: San Francisco Chronicle Author: Lewis Dolinsky Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ NOTES FROM HERE AND THERE IN PANAMA, SOUNDS LIKE MORE OF SAME The United States is closing its bases in the Canal Zone but (big surprise) has a tentative agreement with Panama to operate an international drug-interdiction center at Howard Air Force Base with as many as 2,000 U.S. troops. Newsday's Geoffrey Mohan quotes Miguel Antonio Bernal, a University of Panama constitutional law professor, as saying, ``They can put any name they want on it. The monkey, even if it is dressed in silk, is still a monkey. This will be a military base in disguise, and all of Panama knows it.'' In Mohan's report, Everett Briggs, a former U.S. ambassador to Panama, questions ``the crying need for a continued American presence there.'' And drug policy expert Peter Smith, who is director of UC San Diego's Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies, wonders which priority is pushing which --do we want to be in Panama because of the drug war or is the drug war a justification for having troops in Panama? No Latin American country has announced that it will play a part in this ``international center,'' but canal users seem pleased that the United States will stay. Part of the U.S. center's proposed mission is to train paramilitary police forces, but to do what? In Latin America, the drug war and plain-old counterinsurgency often overlap -- and result in the killing of civilians. U.S. Air Force Colonel David Hunt told Mohan, ``How these are melded in the country involved is something that has to be determined by these countries themselves.'' We just train them -- what they do isn't our responsibility.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 28 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists) Date: Wed, 07 Jan 1998 12:59:53 -0800 From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly January 7, 1998 #028 DrugSense Weekly January 7, 1998 #028 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article The Drug Civil War by Cliff and Margaret Thornton and Comment on the Drug Civil War by Nora Callahan * Weekly News In Review Domestic News - Adolescents Taking A Fresh Look At DARE Heroin Purer, Cheaper, Snortable Heroin Floods U.S. Medical Marijuana Alternative Pot Club Shuts Down S.F. Club's Style Rankles Medical Pot Advocates High Times: Freedom Fighter of the Month The Year In Review Medical Marijuana Sentencing The Dangerous Expansion Of Forfeiture Laws The War On Drugs Nonabstinence Programs Seem To Work For Many Alcoholics And Addicts Sending Stories Home From Prison Number Jumble Clouds Judgment of Drug War Key Findings: Drug Abuse Warning Network International News - UK: Eight In 10 Britons Favour An Easing Of The Law Australia: We're Losing Drugs War, Police Admit Canada: OPED: A Cop's Plea To Decriminalize Drugs France Will Allow Certain Medical Use Of Marijuana * Hot Off The 'Net Women's Christian Temperance Union At It Again * Tip Of The Week A Message From Mark Greer *** FEATURE ARTICLE The Drug Civil War by Cliff and Margaret Thornton, Efficacy firstname.lastname@example.org Our government declared war on drugs over a quarter century ago, but the war is really against Americans who choose to use certain drugs - people not inanimate objects. Regardless of what they claim, we are engaged in a strange sort of civil war - the drug civil war. The government would say that the war is not against the people who use drugs, but those who sell them, as if there is some wide gap between the two. Whether users of dealers, both all are people. In addition, millions of American lives have been destroyed by charges relating to simple use or possession of drugs. America has declared war on its own people three times. The first was when the North invaded the South to prevent it from seceding over the issue of slavery. (It can be debated that this conflict, as well, could have been resolved without the terrible bloodshed of war.) The second time was to attempt to prohibit the consumption of alcohol in 1921, which led to the most violent period of street crime we ever endured until recently. The War on Drugs is the third war. It has been a politically conceived, irrational reaction to what should be considered a public health problem. The battlegrounds of the second and third wars were (are) the streets of our cities. If any President had ever said he wanted to declare a violent war on some of the most sick and unfortunate Americans, he would not have had much support. The declared war on drugs, however, has received support from all sides. Inanimate substances were the perfect enemy for a society that seems to require an enemy in order to feel secure. With the threat of communism vanishing, the timing was perfect and the politics "correct." When Martin Luther King said, "the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today, my own government," he was referring to the war in Vietnam. Our government has since turned its violence inward on its most vulnerable people, minorities, the young, and the poor. Like all Civil Wars, this one is fought between different groups of Americans, including government entities. Belief in neighborhood block watches seems to be growing, even after volunteers have been killed on the streets. This thinking is the result of the need for an illusion of control. This is psychological control - reinforcing the "us" vs. "them" attitude. Many minority people make their livings as drug warriors. Minorities involved in or using drugs are considered enemies. War rhetoric is strong in minority communities. It is divisive and dehumanizing. It helps people cope with the brutality of war. Remember Gooks, Krauts, and Japs? Now they are roaches who run from the light. When government commandos use helicopters and assault weapons and crash through doors of Americans, it is war. The people inside the doors did not look like dangerous enemies at first. They were sick and pathetic - until they began to arm themselves. Violence and drugs were never connected until the government introduced the violence. No matter what anti-crime bills we pass, the cycle of violence will continue until we substantially change the role of our government with regard to drugs. When we trace the per capita level of violence in American history, we see that it jumped in 1921 and continued to escalate until 1933. It then declined rather dramatically and was quite stable until the 1970's. During the Depression, crime rates fell. Poverty, it seems, does not cause crime to the extent that prohibitive law enforcement does. "People... locked up for drug use are really political prisoners. For it is only politics that makes their drug use a crime while the leaders of the world are toasting with champagne," says Marloes Elings of Amnesty International. When the government uses hypocrisy and violence to control the behavior of citizens, the citizens become vicious. Government sets the tone by declaring war - as a result the drug civil war rages. Cliff and Margaret Thorton head Efficacy, a drug policy reform group based in Connecticut. *** >From a discussion on the Alliance of Reform Organizations: Since we already know what the drug war is I looked up the other relevant words: civil: 1. of citizens 5. pertaining to the private rights of the individuals and to legal proceedings connected with these. civil war: 1. a war between factions within the same country Quite revealing. We do indeed have us a drug civil war raging as we speak. Nora Callahan in a post to Robert Field, January 1998. *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW Domestic News *** Adolescents Subj: US CA: Taking A Fresh Look At DARE URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n011.a09.html Source: Los Angeles Times Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: 04 Jan 1998 Questions about the cost and effectiveness of the main anti-drug program taught in Orange County elementary and middle schools are prompting a reexamination of the curriculum. Proponents of DARE, or Drug Abuse Resistance Education, say the large number of cities using the program across the country demonstrates support for having uniformed police enter the classroom and discuss the dangers of cocaine, alcohol and other drugs. But, in recent years, the decision of cities such as Seattle, Spokane and Oakland to drop DARE indicates that some officials are wondering if the lectures to schoolchildren do deter them from drugs. Several Orange County school districts are taking fresh looks at the program, which is a good idea. There should be no rush to end DARE, but looking for possible supplemental programs to help it operate more effectively is warranted. A DARE spokesman said the program, which began in Los Angeles more than a decade ago, was never expected to solve America's drug problem. Seventeen one-hour lessons in fifth grade are no match for the availability of drugs. [continues: 30 lines] *** Heroin Subj: WIRE: Purer, Cheaper, Snortable Heroin Floods U.S. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n002.a01.html Source: Wire Pubdate: Wed, December 31, 1997 BOSTON (Reuters) - Purer product, cheaper prices and savvy marketing have given deadly Colombian heroin the lion's share of the U.S. market with New England the fastest growing segment, Drug Enforcement Administration officials said Wednesday. George Festa, the DEA special agent in charge of New England, attributed the resurgence of heroin to "a lack of memory on the part of youth, celebrity heroin chic and the fact that you no longer have to inject it. The purity is so incredible, you can snort it. "The ability to snort heroin like cocaine means that it eliminates needles and the risk of AIDS. So its use is spreading. These people don't realize that heroin is not cocaine. Heroin is not a recreational drug," Festa said. The Colombians use their well-established cocaine distribution networks to offer free samples of the drug and make it available in smaller, cheaper quantities. The result is that after decades of a market once dominated by Southeast and Southwest Asian drugs, Colombian heroin now accounts for more than 60 percent of the heroin smuggled into the country, the DEA said. [continues: 44 lines] *** Medical Marijuana Subj: US CA: Alternative Pot Club Shuts Down URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n008.a05.html Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sat, 3 Jan 1998 Feeling the heat from law enforcement, a leading alternative to Dennis Peron's Cannabis Cultivator's Club in San Francisco has shut its doors. Cannabis Helping Alleviate Medical Problems, or CHAMP, which provided marijuana to 500 members from its headquarters at 194 Church Street, shut down for good Wednesday. "We didn't feel a lot of support from the city to support its clubs," said Victor Hernandez, CHAMP executive director. Hernandez said members of the staff at the club were upset about a two-week period of surveillance by unidentified plainclothes police, who videotaped outside the club and trailed staff members. "The biggest culprit in this thing is Dan Lungren, who refuses to carry out the will of the voters who passed Proposition 215," said Hernandez. Members of the organization were permitted to smoke marijuana for their medical conditions at the facility, but it did not foster a night club atmosphere like Peron's club. Hernandez said he sees nothing wrong with Peron's approach. "In Dennis' situation, people seemed to be in much better spirits than they would be somewhere else," he said. Hernandez said the club offices will be open next week from Wednesday through Thursday, noon to 7 p.m., for members to pick up their medical records. *** Subj: US CA: S.F. Club's Style Rankles Medical Pot Advocates URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n008.a04.html Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 3 Jan 1998 At the close of a long interview at his Cannabis Cultivators Club in San Francisco, the affable Dennis Peron offered to roll a reporter a joint. The offer was politely declined, and the proffered buds of a substance that might have been marijuana were drawn back to the desk of club founder Peron, who has recently declared himself a Republican candidate for governor of California. It was a typical, and not wholly unexpected gesture from the bad boy of pot politics, but it underscored a tendency that is making Peron's colleagues in the medical marijuana business very nervous - he bends the rules, and sometimes, they break. Peron's antics and incessant activism have fractured the coalition that in November 1996 engineered a decisive victory for Proposition 215, which made legal the personal use of marijuana in California for medical purposes with a doctor's prescription. [continues: 112 lines] *** Subj: High Times: Freedom Fighter of the Month URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n002.a09.html Source: High Times Pubdate: Jan., 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.hightimes.com/ Photo: by Jean E. Taddie shows James Dawson followed by Jack Rickert, in wheelchairs, captioned: "Wisconsin Journey for Justice marchers (Jackie Rickert, second) start another day." WISCONSIN MARCHERS WHEEL INTO MADISON Madison, WI - Fifteen medical-marijuana patients spent a week last September marching 210 miles from the small town of Mondovi to the state capitol here, in a follow-up to last May's "Journey for Justice" in Ohio. The march's arrival on Sept. 18 coincided with the introduction of a medical-marijuana bill in the state legislature by Rep. Frank Boyle (D-Superior). Boyle's bill would reschedule cannabis as a Schedule III drug - equating it with Tylenol/codeine, rather than with heroin - and create a medical-necessity defense for patients with "acute, chronic, incurable or terminal" illnesses, if their doctors say conventional treatment "is either not effective or is causing severe side-effects." Rep. Boyle says he decided to sponsor the bill because medical-marijuana patients "convinced me this was more than worth the political risk." He argues there's "absolutely no rational" to deny people medication that improves their lives, especially when drugs like steroids, barbiturates and codeine are legal and frequently prescribed. [continues: 46 lines] *** Subj: US CA: The Year In Review Medical Marijuana URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n005.a02.html Source: Orange County Register Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: 28 Dec 97 Last year California voters, by passing Proposition 215, made it clear that they want marijuana, when used for medical purposes under the supervision of a doctor, to be removed from the criminal arena - although most voters are not interested in across-the-board legalization. During 1997, implementation of the mandate was shakey. The year began with federal officials hinting they might pull the licenses of doctors who recommended marijuana for their patients, but they backed off, reinforced by a federal court decision. In California, several cannabis clubs continued to dispense marijuana, but their ability to do so legally was called into question by a 1st District Court of Appeals decision Dec. 12 that reinstated an injunction that shut down the Cannabis Buyers' Club in San Francisco. Most observers, led by Attorney General Dan Lungren, interpreted the decision as reaffirming state law that prohibits anyone, even a non-profit organization, from selling marijuana or possessing it for sale. If that's the case, however, the result in practice will be that medical patients with a doctor's recommendation will be able to possess marijuana legally, but will only be able to obtain it on the black market, unless they grow it themselves. Thus the black market will be reinforced. The voters, perhaps relying on a clause in the initiative declaring one purpose to be "to encourage the federal and state governments to implement a plan to provide for the safe and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need," thought they were voting for a small scale legal "white market" in medical marijuana. A few localities have made efforts. The city of Arcata came up with a detailed plan that could easily be adopted or adapted by other cities. San Mateo flirted with the idea of distributing pot confiscated in drug busts, and one Northern California city discussed the idea of using a vacant lot behind the police station to do it. Santa Ana is having the issue thrust in its face through prosecution of people involved with a cannabis buyers' club. A closer reading of the 1st District's decision shows the court virtually invited local governments to come up with safe and legal distribution plans and delineated several criteria that would have to be met. Next year, then, the ball will be in the hands of local governments. *** Sentencing Subj: US: The Dangerous Expansion Of Forfeiture Laws URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n009.a01.html Source: Wall Street Journal Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Monday, 29 December, 1997 Asset forfeiture laws have been spreading like a computer virus through the nation's statute books. Until a decade or two ago, such laws targeted primarily customs violators, but today more than 100 federal laws authorize federal agents to confiscate private property allegedly involved in violations of statutes on wildlife, gambling, narcotics, immigration, money laundering, etc. The vast expansion of government's forfeiture power epitomizes the demise of property rights in modem America. Federal agents can confiscate private property with no court order and no proof of legal violations. Law-enforcement officials love forfeiture laws because a hefty percentage of the takings often go directly to their coffers. The Justice Department alone bequeathed $163 million in confiscated assets to state and local law enforcement last year. [continues: 117 lines] *** The War On Drugs Subj: US: OPED: Nonabstinence Programs Seem To Work For Many Alcoholics And Addicts URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n007.a01.html Source: San Francisco Examiner Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 02 Jan 1998 Your toddler throws tantrums - whose does not? - so you give him time-outs, speak sternly, cancel a dessert. But not every time he acts up. Like most parents, you choose your battles and skip some. That's the thinking behind providing shelter for chronic alcoholics or drug addicts without requiring that they abstain or enter treatment. It's called "harm reduction." It makes sense to keep people alive until, one day perhaps, they sober up. In the meanwhile, they are prevented from dying on the streets. Most of us have a hard time with the measures and implications of harm reduction. Beyond our tendency to moralize and blame victims, no one wants to encourage deadly habits. Naturally, the approach has opponents in the substance abuse treatment field, where a single-minded insistence on abstinence has saved millions of lives. Tempers flare when reformers suggest a more flexible approach may help others. [continues: 156 lines] *** Subj: US IL: Sending Stories Home From Prison URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n006.a01.html Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 2 Jan 1998 LINCOLN, Ill. - Erika Gonzales is reading to her 2-year-old boy, Jimmy. It's a simple book about the simple things children do: visit the corner, take the bus to Grandma's, go to first grade. But barely a sentence along, she tosses the book down. Crying and swiping at tears with the palms of her hands, she whispers, "I can't read it." Then she gathers herself and starts reading again - into a cold, black tape recorder. Jimmy is 125 miles away in Joliet. Gonzales is in prison. "Mommy misses you and loves you," she tells the recorder. "She's going to read you a book to let you know this is me and I love you." She soon finishes the story, then gives the recording to the volunteers who will make sure it is mailed. [continues: 67 lines] *** Subj: US: Number Jumble Clouds Judgment Of Drug War URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n003.a02.html Source: Washington Post Pubdate: Friday, 2 Jan 1998 Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm As the election season began gearing up in late 1991, President George Bush got an unsettling bit of front-page news: The number of habitual cocaine users in the United States had jumped an astounding 29 percent in a single year, from 662,000 to 855,000, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Bush had aggressively pushed his administration's anti-drug effort. Now, he had little to show for it. But the bad news, widely reported by newspapers across the country, was wrong. NIDA had miscounted in its annual National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, one of the nation's "leading drug indicators." A year later, without fanfare, the number of habitual users was revised back down to 625,000. "Problems with statistical imputation," the General Accounting Office concluded in a 1993 report on the miscalculation that received little public attention. "We certainly think that more adequate quality control procedures could have caught findings of such significant policy relevance." [continues: 406 lines] *** Subj: US: Key Findings: Drug Abuse Warning Network URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n001.a04.html Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 31 Dec 1997 Among key findings announced Tuesday by the federal government's Drug Abuse Warning Network: In 1996, there were 487,600 drug-related hospital emergency-department episodes overall, down significantly from 1994 (518,500) and 1995 (517,800). There was no statistically significant change in the total of cocaine-related cases between 1995 (138,000) and 1996 (144,200). Between 1995 and 1996, there were no changes in either cocaine or heroin-related episodes by age, sex or race and ethnicity. However, between 1994 and 1996, there was a 21 percent increase in cocaine cases and a 20 percent increase in heroin cases among those 35 and older. Although heroin-related episodes had increased steadily since the early 1980s, there was no change in the number of heroin-related episodes reported from 1995 (72,200) to 1996 (70,463). However, between 1990 and 1996, there was a 108 percent increase, from 33,900 to 70,500. Marijuana/hashish episodes rose from 40,200 in 1994 to 50,000 in 1996, an increase of 25 percent. Since 1990, such incidents have increased 219 percent. Between 1995 and 1996, there were no changes in marijuana/hashish cases by age, sex or race/ethnicity. However, between 1994 and 1996, marijuana-related episodes have increased 33 percent among those 12 to 17; 27 percent among those 26 to 34; and 41 percent among those 35 and older. Methamphetamine-related episodes dropped from 16,200 in 1995 to 10,800 in 1996. Health officials attributed the increases among older Americans to their higher vulnerability to a range of age-related health problems and to a greater likelihood that they would seek professional care. *** International News Subj: UK: Cannabis Campaign: Eight In 10 Britons Favour An Easing Of The Law URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n010.a04.html Pubdate: Sunday, 4 Jan 1998 Source: Independent on Sunday Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org If Jack Straw decides to back the decriminalising of cannabis, he will find that the overwhelming majority of Britons are behind him, to judge from a Mori poll for the Independent on Sunday which revealed that 80 per cent want the law relaxed. Almost half of those polled (45 per cent) said they were in favour of the law being changed for those who need cannabis for medicinal purposes, while 35 per cent wanted cannabis legalised for recreational use. Only one in six (17 per cent) approved of the Government's policy of maintaining the status quo. Mr Straw would be particularly popular among under-45s, 45 per cent of whom believe cannabis should be available for personal use. The belief among ministers and their advisers that our campaign appeals chiefly to middle-class intellectuals was not borne out by the poll. More than half of working-classrespondents (55 per cent) thought a debate on a change in the law was a good idea. Further evidence that the Government is wrong to dismiss the cross-class support for decriminilisation came from a phone-in poll published around the same time of the IoS Mori poll. The Labour-supporting Mirror showed its readers voting by nearly two to one in favour of decriminalisation. Nearly six out of 10 (59 per cent) Conservative voters and seven out of 10 (68 per cent) of Labour were in favour of a debate; 64 per cent applauded the unprecedented call by Lord Bingham, the Lord Chief Justice, last October for an open debate on legalising cannabis. [end] *** Subj: Australia: We're Losing Drugs War, Police Admit URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n007.a08.html Source: Financial Review, Australia Pubdate: Sat, 3 Jan 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.afr.com.au/ Australia's police chiefs have endorsed a milestone report which concedes that police are having almost no impact on the trade in illegal drugs and in many cases are making the situation worse. The 160-page report, compiled by the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence, looks at decriminalisation and more police tolerance of drug use. It also warns that "policing cannabis may be pushing cannabis users towards harder drugs." The Australian Illicit Drug Report gives a comprehensive overview of the drug scene, noting the cost of abuse is estimated at $1.6 billion. Meanwhile, the price of most drugs has remained stable or fallen and supplies have been steady or grown - strong indications of the ineffectiveness of police activity. The ABCI's board comprises all of Australia's police chiefs and is chaired by the Victorian Police Commissioner, Mr Neil Comrie. [continues: 52 lines] *** Subj: Canada: OPED: A Cop's Plea To Decriminalize Drugs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n001.a02.html Source: Vancouver Sun Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Dec. 31, 1997 A Vancouver police officer doesn't want to tell one more mother of a son's overdose death. He writes that a public-health crisis, not a law-enforcement challenge, is besieging us all. WOULD WE RATHER COUNT BODIES? Recently, I had to tell a woman her son had died from a drug overdose. Leaving her world shattered by tragedy, I asked myself what our society is doing to help other mothers whose children are at risk. Absolutely nothing, I'm embarrassed to say. And with seven Vancouver residents dying in one 24-hour period from drug overdoses - nine in less than two weeks - that's not good enough. Rather than constructive action, however, lawmakers frantically rearrange deck chairs on the modern social Titanic. My hope for 1998 is that Santa has left a large measure of courage and wisdom in a number of stockings, so that our children can mark this year as the one when we finally began treating drug abuse as a health issue, rather than a criminal industry. [continues: 104 lines] *** Subj: France: France Will Allow Certain Medical Use Of Marijuana URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n009.a09.html Source: San Francisco Examiner Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: 21 Dec 1997 PARIS - The French government will approve the experimental medical use of marijuana in hospitals next year as a first tentative step toward relaxing the country's Draconian drug laws. Discussions also are to be held early next year on the abolition of prison sentences for possession of small quantities of marijuana and other 'soft' drugs - perhaps eventually leading to decriminalization of cannabis use, government officials say. Although the government has ruled out any formal change in drug laws in the near future, it is contemplating administrative changes to soften the harsh French rules. To help counter political opposition, the government has commissioned a scientific study of the relative dangers of marijuana and other illegal substances, including comparisons with legal drugs such as alcohol and nicotine. [continues: 46 lines] *** HOT OFF THE 'NET Women's Christian Temperance Union At It Again The Women's Christian Temperance Union, the organization primarily behind alchol prohibition continues today. One of its new issues is drug policy. They have been reported lobbying against medical marijuana in various states. You can visit their web site at: http://www.wctu.org Having the WCTU against us is a great way to highlight the historical relationship between today's drug prohibition and the failed alcohol prohibition. *** TIP OF THE WEEK A Message From Mark Greer A little thought: If a reformer spends an hour on a letter, emails it to ten papers and it gets published in one with a modest circulation of 500,000 readers (many major publications have a circulation in the millions) the reformer is earning $3,500 for the movement (that is what it would cost to purchase the space of a typical letter in such a newspaper). Who knows that letter may influence: a local politician, a senator, a local businessman, the next George Soros not to mention the effect the other nine letters have on educating the editors who read them (this may actually have a higher value than the published letters over the long haul) Write those letter's, folks. It's a huge return on your time investment. It's not what others do, it's what YOU do. *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. Editor: Tom Hawkins, firstname.lastname@example.org Senior Editor: Mark Greer, email@example.com We wish to thank each and every one of our contributors. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org -------------------------------------------------------------------
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