------------------------------------------------------------------- Search-And-Seizure Case Goes To Supreme Court ('Associated Press' Account In 'Orange County Register' Notes The Case Originated In The Portland Suburb Of Boring, Oregon, When A 45-Member SWAT Team Invaded A Man's Home Without Knocking) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 13:41:13 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Search-and-Seizure Case Goes to Supreme Court Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wednesday, January 14, 1998 Author: Scot Sonner-The Associated Press SEARCH-AND-SEIZURE CASE GOES TO SUPREME COURT U.S. prosecutors seek to overturn lower-court rulings that barred using as evidence weapons seized in a search. WASHINGTON - With memories still fresh of a deadly federal siege in Waco, Texas, the Supreme Court considered Tuesday whether a SWAT team in Oregon went too far when an officer with a search warrant broke into a residence without knocking first. Several justices said the search-and-seizure case from Boring, Ore., poses questions about how much force police can use and how much danger must exist before they can use no-knock entries. Federal prosecutors want the Supreme Court to overturn lower-court rulings that barred use of weapons seized in the 1994 Oregon search as evidence in a gun possession case. Police charged Herman Ramirez after searching his home for another man, a prison escapee with a history of violence who was not found there. With 45 law officers surrounding the Oregon residence at dawn, an officer broke a window and waved a gun in a garage where an informant had told police guns were stored. Ramirez said he and his wife thought they were being burglarized. He ran to a closet, got a gun and fired it toward the garage. Ramirez said he then realized the window was broken by police and surrendered. A federal judge ruled that the search violated the Constitution's Fourth Amendment protection against unreasonable searches and said the weapons could not be used as evidence. The judge said that although the officers' knowledge of the escaped inmate's violent past justified entering Ramirez's home without knocking, they had to do so without damaging his property.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Follow-Up - Time Served ('Willamette Week' Notes Portland Attorney Found Guilty Of Giving $40 To Heroin Addict To Buy Another Fix, Which He Died From, Gets His Life Restored - Oregon Supreme Court Is Satisfied One Of Its Own Deserves No More Than 18 Months Probation, One-Year Suspension From Practicing Law - Time Served) Willamette Week Portland, Oregon January 14, 1998 http://www.wweek.com/ letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org Newsbuzz Follow-up: Time Served Nearly four years ago, Portland lawyer David K. Allen gave a junkie named Todd Lewis $40 to buy some heroin. Lewis died of an overdose. A short time later, Allen pleaded guilty to attempted possession of a controlled substance ("The Road to Ruin," WW, March 27, 1996). Serving 18 months probation wasn't exactly a good career move for a criminal defense lawyer, but at the time Allen was more worried about the big picture: what would happen to his license to practice law. In late November, after deliberating for more than a year, the state Supreme Court finally handed down its decision on Allen's fate in the legal community. In a long opinion, the six justices agreed that Allen should be suspended from the practice of law for one year. The unusual part of the decision was the court's ruling that the time Allen had already spent voluntarily not practicing law--more than a year--could count toward his punishment. While the concept of "credit for time served" isn't unusual in criminal law, it is a new idea in lawyer discipline. In fact, the Allen opinion essentially creates new law. "We rely particularly on the facts that the accused's misconduct is unlikely to recur, he has a good character and reputation as a lawyer, he has no prior disciplinary record and he has shown genuine remorse," the opinion reads. The Oregon State Bar, however, thinks Allen should not be allowed to seek the credit. It contends that the new law is misguided and has filed legal arguments asking the court to reconsider. -MO [Maureen O'Hagan]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Chief Deputy Prosecutor Charged With Driving Drunk (Jim Townsend, Chief Criminal Deputy Prosecutor In Snohomish County, Washington, Will Be Arraigned Tuesday In Seattle) From: "W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "-Hemp Talk" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: ART: WA prosecutor DUI Date: Mon, 12 Jan 1998 18:15:39 -0800 Sender: email@example.com The Seattle Times Wednesday, January 14, 1998 Chief deputy prosecutor charged with driving drunk by Nancy Montgomery Seattle Times Snohomish County bureau Jim Townsend, Snohomish County's chief criminal deputy prosecutor, was charged yesterday with drunken driving, and according to his boss will likely seek alcohol counseling and deferred prosecution. "I understand he is going to step up to it and go through the process and complete a program," said Jim Krider, Snohomish County Prosecutor. Townsend, 44, a Snohomish County prosecutor since 1978, was charged with DUI by King County prosecutors, who were asked to review the case to avoid a conflict of interest. His arraignment is set for Tuesday before Seattle District Court Judge Darcy Goodman. The decision to charge Townsend came a month after he was arrested on a highway south of Everett; he'd been stopped by the State Patrol for driving erratically. Townsend's blood-alcohol level was not included in the complaint filed against him. DUI is a gross misdemeanor that carries a penalty of up to a year in jail - or only one day. A first offense also results in a 30-day license suspension. Townsend could not be reached for comment. But Krider said it was his understanding that Townsend would seek alcohol treatment and a deferred prosecution. In a deferred prosecution, charges are dropped after two years, during which a defendant must complete a counseling program and commit no new crimes. Townsend's status as a criminal defendant will have no bearing on his position as the county's chief criminal deputy prosecutor, Krider said. "I don't see that it will affect his job at all," Krider said. "He's dedicated his life to service to the public. He's an outstanding prosecutor who made a mistake. . . . It's more than a mistake. He shouldn't have been doing it but he is a human being. And I think he will continue to serve the county with the same high quality that he has in the past. He's an excellent prosecutor." Krider said support for Townsend was widespread in the prosecutor's office and, based on favorable phone calls, the community. "He's one of the most knowledgeable chief criminal deputies in the state. I rely on him a great deal," Krider said. Townsend's arrest cost him the possibility of a new job he wanted, that of judge. He was considered a top contender to be appointed Snohomish County Superior Court judge, to replace the retiring Judge Paul Hansen. But Townsend withdrew his name following his arrest. Gov. Gary Locke appointed defense attorney George Bowden to the position instead. Nancy Montgomery's phone message number is 425-745-7803. Her e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- DEA - Sufficient Grounds Exist To Remove Marijuana From Schedules I And II (Press Release Update On Yesterday's News, With More Commentary By Jon Gettman) Date: Tue, 13 Jan 1998 18:21:29 EST Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: Gettman_J@mediasoft.net Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Jon Gettman
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: DEA: Sufficient Grounds Exist to Remove Marijuana from Schedules I and II Press Release from Riptide Communications. Contact David Lerner / Kathy Engel Tel. 212 260-5000 Embargoed for Release Until January 14th, 1998 Report: Drug Enforcement Agency Says Grounds Exist for Removal of Marijuana From List of hard Drugs DEA Asked Department of Health and Human Services to Reevaluate Latest Scientific/Medical Evidence In Response to Activist's Petition Advocates See Process As Likely To Lead To End of Marijuana Prohibition January 14th, 1998. - In a remarkable reversal of their prior position on December 19th, 1997 officials with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) quietly requested the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to conduct a legally binding "scientific and medical evaluation of the available data" to determine whether marijuana and its active ingredients should be removed from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). In initiating this process the DEA has for the first time made a determination that sufficient grounds exist to reclassify marijuana. Schedule I of the CSA is limited to hard drugs with addictive propensities and with no legitimate medical usage The DEA action came in response to an Administrative Petition filed on July 10, 1995, by petitioners Jon Gettman, a former president of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), and Trans High Corporation, publisher of High Times Magazine The petitioners argued that there is abundant evidence that marijuana and other cannabinoids lack the "high potential for abuse" required for Schedule I and II drugs under the CSA. According to Gettman removal of marijuana from Schedule I would require the federal government to sanction legal distribution of marijuana for medical uses, research and prescriptions and adopt a regulatory rather than a prohibitory model for marijuana. As recently as March, 1995 DEA refused to consider reevaluating the status of marijuana claiming that they were "unaware of any new scientific studies" that might change their mind. Gettman and High times then provided the agency with voluminous and specific documentation which led the DEA to reverse itself. Never before has the DEA voluntarily referred a marijuana scheduling petition to HHS for binding review. This new scrutiny of marijuana comes at a time when the federal government is using its authority to override state laws and brings suits to close cannabis buyer's club's in San Francisco. Says Gettman: "In light of the DEA's realization that sufficient grounds may exist to reclassify marijuana the government should halt its efforts to violate the will of the people of California." *** Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 04:10:48 EST From: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DEA documentation of petition significance WOW! Congratulations, Jon! What a tremendously encouraging development - I hope you have celebrated this critical milestone in some appropriate fashion. You deserve it. You also showed class by crediting the researchers in your press statement. I certainly hope to read this story in tomorrow's papers, hopefully on page 1 where it belongs, as well as on the TV and radio news, etc. Anything we can do to encourage major media coverage -- perhaps MAP should get involved? Some questions: 1. In the posted material we sometimes read "Schedule 1" and sometimes "Schedules 1 and 2". Can DHHS decide to put it in schedule 2? 2. Did Thomas Constantine sign the letter, and is he therefore basically acknowledging, on behalf of the agency and himself, that marijuana has minimal addictive potential and substantial medical use? If he didn't sign the letter, why not and who did? When are we going to get to see a copy of this letter and any attachments? 3. How can the DEA say what they're now saying while maintaining a website filled with the usual prohibitionist lies? (This is perhaps a rhetorical question.) 4. How long is the DHHS process likely to take? In your estimation, is it likely to be hopelessly politicized? Can you appeal an unfavorable opinion? 5. Is either the DEA or DHHS going to announce this development publicly, do you know? Thanks -- and again, congratulations! David *** Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 14:57:29 EST Reply-To: Gettman_J@mediasoft.net Originator: email@example.com From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net) To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: RE: DEA documentation of petition significance David Hadorn posed some interesting questions. Some questions: 1. In the posted material we sometimes read "Schedule 1" and sometimes "Schedules 1 and 2". Can DHHS decide to put it in schedule 2? [Jon Gettman] The petition argues that these substances do not have the abuse potential that warrants schedule I or schedule II controls. If marijuana does not have the abuse potential for schedule I prohibition, that it does not have the abuse potential for schedule II status either. DHHS could rule that marijuana had sufficient abuse potential for schedule I or II, and recommend schedule II status based on accepted medical use. The point of the petition, though, is an evaluation of the abuse potential first, and then an evaluation of where to schedule the drugs based on that evaluation. 2. Did Thomas Constantine sign the letter, and is he therefore basically acknowledging, on behalf of the agency and himself, that marijuana has minimal addictive potential and substantial medical use? If he didn't sign the letter, why not and who did? When are we going to get to see a copy of this letter and any attachments? [Jon Gettman] Here is a reposting of links to some of the letters. The 12/19/97 letter should be on-line over the weekend. High Times is working on it now as we speak. The links below are courtesy of NORML - which has had these documents posted for some time. The 12/19/97 letter merely reports the referral for a binding scientific and medical examination. The meaning of this referral is provided by the letters cited immediately below. The 12/19/97 was not signed by Constantine, however I do have two letters over his signature. The 12/19/97 letter is signed by Mary Kay Whalen, a DEA attorney in the office of chief counsel. Here is important source material that defines the significance of the petition referral in DEA's own words. The three letters from DEA are valuable documentation that the HHS referral of the petition means that "sufficient grounds" exist for the removal of marijuana from schedules I and II. March 1, 1995 Thomas Constantine (DEA) to Rep. Frank Wolf http://www.norml.org/research/coors/fwtc395.shtml In this March 1, 1995 letter DEA argues that "accepted medical use" is the only issue that matters under the CSA, and that a reconsideration of marijuana's abuse potential may be interesting but of no legal consequence. March 14, 1995 Jon Gettman to Sen. John Warner http://www.norml.org/research/coors/jwjg0314.shtml In this March 14, 1995 letter I ask my U.S. Senator to remind DEA that the argument they advanced in their letter of March 1, 1995 was explicitly rejected by the US Court of Appeals in 1977. April 21, 1995 Thomas Constantine (DEA) to Sen. John Warner http://www.norml.org/research/coors/jwtc495.shtml In this April 21, 1995 letter DEA changes their argument. They monitor scientific research, and know of no findings that would provide grounds for a review of marijuana's schedule I status. However I was invited to submit such information if I could provide documentation. July 27, 1995 Stephen Greene (DEA) to Jon Gettman http://www.norml.org/research/coors/jgsg795.shtml In this July 27, 1995 letter DEA acknowledges receipt of the petition and explains that a referral to HHS means that "sufficient grounds" exist for removal. If sufficient grounds do not exist, they will deny the petition. The December 19, 1997 letter notifying my attorneys of the refer all to HHS is not yet available on-line. However the significance of the referral is established in the letters above from DEA. Accepted medical use is not the only issue - established by the change in Constantine's reply from 3/1/95 to 4/21/95. DEA was not aware of all the relevant scientific research in early 1995 - established by the referral to HHS 12/19/97 based on 1988 - 1994 research, reconciled with DEA statements in the 4/21/95 letter. "Sufficient grounds" exist for the removal of all cannabinoids from schedules I and II - defined by the DEA's letter of 6/27/95 and established by their referral of the petition to HHS after a 29 month review. 3. How can the DEA say what they're now saying while maintaining a Web site filled with the usual prohibitionist lies? (This is perhaps a rhetorical question.) [Jon Gettman] This is an important development, but let's not over-interpret it. Before the petition was approved, DEA argued that "accepted medical use" was the only argument that could affect marijuana's schedule I status. Now DEA has acknowledged that a new argument, insufficient abuse potential, provides "sufficient grounds" to review and perhaps alter that status, and also preclude schedule II status. If you read the letters closesly, you'll see that DEA once said there wasn't any other relevant science. Now they've acknowledged there is more to the story. So as far as any anti-marijuana arguments from DEA - well, there is more to the story, and we should follow DEA's lead and re-evaluate common assumptions about marijuana. 4. How long is the DHHS process likely to take? In your estimation, is it likely to be hopelessly politicized? Can you appeal an unfavorable opinion? [Jon Gettman] High Times and I can appeal the HHS decision. DEA can not. It will take awhile, I expect over a year. I trust in the integrity of the scientific process and the scientific community. It will be very difficult to politicize this process. One of my central objectives was to give this to scientists to evaluate according to non-political, objective scientific standards. 5. Is either the DEA or DHHS going to announce this development publicly, do you know? [Jon Gettman] They are trying to spin this as a routine bureaucratic development of little of no consequence. They are at this point only responding to press inquiries, which began yesterday. CNN ran this last night for quite awhile on Headline News. It won't go away. Thanks -- and again, congratulations! [Jon Gettman] Thank you. Read the DEA letters. Put them to work. Jon Gettman *** Date: Mon, 23 Feb 1998 16:08:40 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Jon Gettman (Gettman_J@mediasoft.net) To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Hedonism and marijuana laws At 01:46 PM 2/21/98 EST, Robert.Goodman wrote: >Jon Gettman wrote, in part, again: > >> Intent is a major aspect of a criminal offense. Marijuana laws >> are based on the premise that all intent to use marijuana is >> hedonistic.... > >And I'll reply, again, that there is no such basis for the >marijuana laws. There's never been a legislative statement that >marijuana use is at all pleasurable. Gosh, there are several hairs to split here but I really don't care to get into those issues at this time. However Robert's critical faculties warrant, at least, a modest explanation of my comment. The comment above was offered as an opinion, but indeed it was an informed opinion. First of all, the legal regulation of marijuana today is not based on legislative action, but on administrative law proceedings. Existing schedule I statius of marijuana is based on DEA rule-making. The justification for rejecting the recommendations of Judge Francis Young was that anecdotal evidence of therapeutic use had no scientific validity, in part because patients were just trying to justify their dependence on marijuana. "Why do scientists consider stories from patients and their doctors to be unreliable? First, sick people are not objective scientific observers, especially when it comes to their own health. We have all heard of the placebo effect. . . Second, most of the stories come from people who took marijuana at the same time they took prescription drugs for their symptoms . . Third, any mind-altering drug that produces euphoria can make a sick person think he feels better. . . Fourth, long-time abusers of marijuana are not immune to illness. Many eventually get cancer, glaucoma, MS and other diseases. People who become dependent on mind-altering drugs tend to rationalize their behavior. They invent excuses, which they can come to believe, to justify their drug dependence." 57 Fed. Reg. 10,499 (1992) The relevant administrative proceedings are, indeed, based on legislative action. When turning to the legislative history of the CSA, while it is clear that abuse potential is the basis for control, thrill-seeking is noted to be a primary basis for the perceived drug abuse problem. For example: "Some persons . . .[are] extremely prone to the use of drugs, and are likely to use a wide variety of them, in search of a psychic state different from their normal state because of their inherent dissatisfaction with themselves." U.S. Code Cong. & Admin. News 1970, p. 4573. (1970) "Some use drugs to seek relief from the tedium of their jobs and their lives. Some . . .to escape the fear of failure, or the knowledge that they have not fulfilled their potential. Some become hooked accidentally . . . after undergoing medical treatment . . .to relieve pain. A larger number take to certain drugs to offset fatigue . . . A very much larger group try psychotoxic drugs for kicks, out of curiosity or bravado. They are usually juveniles who frequently find themselves unable to shake off the drug habit." U.S. Code Cong. & Admin. News 1970, p. 4573. (1970) Seeking a different psychic state, relief from tedium, and/or the pursuit of "kicks" are all ways of describing something also referred to as 'getting high'; I include all of them as attempts to characterize using marijuana as a pleasure seeking exercise. I remember a time when tobacco was not recognized as containing an addictive drug. I was always amazed when legal tobacco and illegal marijuana were justified because people use marijuana to get high but that the use of tobacco is merely for relaxation. One was hedonistic, the other . . . relaxing. For a lot of people any non-medical use of drugs is improper and constitutes drug abuse. Marijuana is illegal because, supposedly, all use is non-medical. I maintain that most members of both the public and the criminal justice system incorrectly believe that a) all people use marijuana for pleasure, b) marijuana is illegal because the harmful effects of marijuana exact too great a price for those pleasurable effects, and c) that stories of marijuana's medical benefits are just excuses to rationalize pleasure-seeking marijuana use. And then we have the extensive record of Gabriel Nahas, M.D., Ph.D. who is quite influential among opponents of marijuana law reform. In a 1985 paper published by PRIDE "A Drug Policy for Our Times - 1985) Nahas and co-authors Thomas Gleaton, Otto Moulton, Keith Schuchard, and Henry Clay Frick II present the popular justification for drug prohibition under a section entitled "The Lessons of Science." "What does science tell us about dependence producing drugs? . . . First, these drugs produce a pleasurable feeling, a "reward" because of their action on the pleasure center of the brain. As a result, a person who has consumed one of these dependence producing drugs will have a tendency to take it again in order to obtain the initial pleasurable sensation. . . while consumption of addictive drugs provide a pleasurable feeling, abstinence from these drugs results in unpleasant and painful reactions -- the withdrawal symptoms. Therefore a drug dependent person is caught between the urge to take a drug for pleasure and the desire to avoid the unpleasantness and difficulties that occur when no longer under its influence. . .the combined factors of pleasure and reward . . . lead to . . compulsive, frequent, daily self-administration." The foundation of my petition is that this last comment can not be supported in the case of marijuana, which lacks sufficient abuse potential for schedule I or schedule II status. Finally, the legislative basis for the Controlled Substances Act cedes great influence over the definition of abuse potential to contemporary scientific standards. Some of the best articles reporting on modern research on drug dependency are reviewed in an article by George Koob in Neuron that explicitly invokes the hedonism focus. Koob, G. "Drug Addiction: The Yin and Yang of Hedonic Homeostasis" Neuron. Vol 16. 893-896. May, 1996. The legal issue is not whether or not people use marijuana for pleasure, although many people support current laws because they want to oppose pleasure-seeking drug use. The legal issue really is whether or not there is sufficient harm from marijuana use to justify its complete prohibition. One can argue that pleasurable effects are no basis for marijuana prohibition under federal law, and I would agree. However the law does assume that pleasure-seeking is the basis for non-medical drug use, and as such the law assumes that hedonism is part of the intent, the guilty mind, that is a critical component of a criminal act. My original argument was and remains that therapeutic use of marijuana demonstrates intentions contrary to those recognized by the public as deserving of criminal sanctions. This discussion of hedonism is interesting in its own right, but I don't think it affects the original argument one way of the other. In a very formalistic sense, the drug laws do not criminalize drug-taking, only possession, sale, and manufacture. The Supreme Court ruled in 1962 (Robinson v. California) that it was cruel and inhuman to make addiction or any other disease subject to criminal sanctions. However, no matter what the basis for the construction of the drug laws, the laws are a tool of social policy that seeks to use criminal sanctions to constrain hedonistic activity; the threat to the public health is used to justify this use of criminal sanctions. >There's never been a legislative statement that >marijuana use is at all pleasurable. There is room for a lot of opinions on this matter. Actually, I think I may have totally misconstrued Robert's comment. Perhaps he was referring to statements by legislators as to whether or not their individual marijuana use was pleasurable. Didn't Newt Gingrich say he tried it at a party in New Orleans, but didn't particularly enjoy it and never tried it again? Come to think of it, I can't recall any statements by legislators that marijuana use is pleasurable. Does anyone know of any? Jon Gettman
------------------------------------------------------------------- DEA Seeks Medicinal Review For Marijuana (CNN Report) Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 19:39:43 EST Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Ken Russell" (email@example.com) Subject: The CNN report on DEA petition DEA seeks medicinal review for marijuana January 14, 1998 >From CNN Justice Department correspondent Pierre Thomas WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The Drug Enforcement Administration has requested the Department of Health and Human Services to review whether marijuana is a hard drug with addictive properties and no legitimate medical use. But there is strong disagreement over whether the request suggests any shift in the DEA's position on the classification of marijuana as a prohibited "schedule 1 substance." The DEA action follows an administrative petition filed by Jon Gettman, former president of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, and by Trans High Corp., publisher of High Times Magazine. DEA officials privately maintain they have not changed their position but that administrative procedures and the nature of the petition require them to seek scientific analysis. However, Gettman's supporters argue DEA could have rejected the petition outright, and that the agency does not ask for HHS studies "lightly." Gettman supporters refer to a July 1995, DEA memo to Gettman saying a referral to HHS would come only if there were "sufficient grounds" to justify a change in current federal policy on marijuana. Those supporters also note DEA officials had earlier maintained they knew of no scientific studies which would change the federal classification of marijuana. The request for HHS evaluation came after Gettman and High Times officials provided DEA with a number of specific studies on the effects of marijuana. A DEA official said that was correct -- but that these studies "are of unknown relevance. We are not scientists over here." The agency will leave it to HHS to determine the validity of the studies, as federal guidelines require. "We view this as a routine matter," the DEA official said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Patients' And Caregivers' Fund Will Defend 11362.5 (An Immediate, Urgent Goal Of The Fund Is To Support Litigation In Opposition To The Federal Lawsuit Against Six Northern California Medical Marijuana Dispensaries) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 23:18:40 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dale Gieringer) (by way of David Borden
) To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Prop 215 Defense Fund Medical Marijuana Patients' and Caregivers' Fund Established To Defend Prop. 215 Contact: Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858. Californians have established an emergency legal defense fund to help support medical marijuana patients, caregivers, and dispensaries against the government's efforts to suppress medical marijuana. An immediate, urgent goal of the fund is to support litigation in opposition to the federal government lawsuit to close down six prominent Northern California medical marijuana dispensaries. The fund also hopes to provide legal defense, assistance, and education in other cases involving medical marijuana patients and caregivers, and to support efforts to achieve Prop. 215's goal of "safe and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need." California NORML coordinator Dale Gieringer, one of the original organizers of Prop. 215, is calling on supporters across the nation to contribute to the Medical Marijuana Patients' and Caregivers' Fund, which is being administered independently of NORML by a board of representatives from several statewide organizations, including California NORML "The federal lawsuit presents the greatest peril to medical marijuana patients since before Prop. 215 was passed. The six clubs serve over 10,000 patients, nearly 80% of the total in California; to close them down now would be an intolerable public health and safety disaster." "Those of us who supported Prop. 215 have the duty to help preserve the victory. The federal lawsuit is an unprecedented threat to medical marijuana patients everywhere. To fight it will be costly. Contributions are urgently needed." Donations may be sent to: NORML Foundation: Medical Marijuana Patients' and Caregivers' Fund 1001 Connecticut Ave NW #710 Washington DC 20036 (Checks should be made out to NORML Foundation: MMPCF) *** Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // email@example.com 2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114
------------------------------------------------------------------- How To Help The Cannabis Buyers Clubs (News Release From American Medical Marijuana Organization Provides E-mail Addresses And Other Contact Information For Online Activists) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 14:06:43 -0700 From: AMMO@powernet.net Subject: HOW TO HELP THE CANNABIS BUYER'S CLUBS AMERICAN MEDICAL MARIJUANA ORGANIZATION (AMMO) Defending The Rights Of Medical Marijuana Patients Wed. Jan 14, 1998 HOW TO HELP THE CANNABIS BUYER'S CLUBS On January 9, 1998, six federal civil lawsuits were filed against cannabis buyers' clubs in the Northern District of California. WHAT YOU CAN DO: Donations to fight these federal lawsuits are urgently needed. Make checks payable to the name of the individual buyers' clubs: 1) Cannabis Cultivators Cooperative Dennis Peron (named defendant) 1444 Market Street San Francisco, CA 94102 Phone: (415) 621-3986 Fax: (415) 621-0604 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.marijuana.org 2) Flower Therapy John Hudson, Mary Palmer, Barbara Sweeney, Gerard M. Buhrz (named defendants) 3180 17th Street San Francisco, CA 94110 Phone: (415) 255-6305 E-mail: email@example.com 3) Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative Jeff Jones (named defendant) P.O. Box 70401 Oakland, CA 94612-0401 Phone: (510) 832-5346 Fax: (510) 986-0534 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.rxcbc.org 4) Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club 201 Maple Street Santa Cruz, CA 95060 Phone: (408) 429-8819 5) Ukiah Cannabis Buyer's Club Cherrie Lovett, Marvin & Mildred Lehrman (named defendants) 40A Pallini Lane Ukiah, CA 95482 Phone: (707) 462-0691 Fax: (707) 468-4336 E-mail: email@example.com 6) Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana Lynette Shaw (named defendant) School Street Plaza Building 6 - Suite 210 Fairfax, CA 94930 Phone: (415) 256-9328 WHAT ELSE CAN I DO? 1) Write LETTERS TO THE EDITOR of these California newspapers. For help on letter-writing, see the Media Awareness Project at http://www.mapinc.org. California Newspapers (compiled by Jim Rosenfield: firstname.lastname@example.org) email@example.com (Contra Costa County Times Calif.) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Francisco Chronicle) email@example.com (San Mateo Times) firstname.lastname@example.org (BLK, LTE's) email@example.com (San Francisco Examiner) firstname.lastname@example.org (Los Angeles Times) email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org (The Orange County Register) email@example.com (Modesto Bee) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Francisco Bay Guardian) email@example.com (San Jose Mercury News) letters@TheReporter.com (Vacaville Reporter) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Diego Union Tribune) email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org (Santa Rosa Press Democrat) email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com (Daily Bruin UCLA Viewpoint) firstname.lastname@example.org 2) SEND POSTCARDS to and CALL federal and state elected officials. SEND E-MAIL to the few who have e-mail. Save the list and periodically remind these officials that you won't remain silent in this civil war on your family and friends. STATE GOVERNMENT Governor Pete Wilson State Capitol, 1st Floor Sacramento, CA 95814 Phone: (916) 445-2841 Fax: (916) 445-4633 E-mail: email@example.com Lieutenant Governor Gray Davis State Capitol, Room 1114 Sacramento, CA 95814 Phone: (916) 445-8994 Fax: (916) 323-4998 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Attorney General Daniel E. Lungren 1300 I Street Sacramento, CA 95814 Phone: (916) 445-9555 Fax: (916) 324-5205 Attorney General's Office Public Inquiry Unit Web: http://caag.state.ca.us/piu/mailform.htm E-mail: email@example.com CALIFORNIA STATE ASSEMBLY AND SENATE: E-mail list: http://www.sonnet.com/CriminalJusticeReform/legislators.html Other lists: http://www.state.ca.us/s/govt/legisca.html http://clerkweb.house.gov/mbrcmtee/members/mbrsstate/uolmfram.htm U.S. CONGRESS U.S. Senators of California: Boxer, Barbara (D) firstname.lastname@example.org Feinstein, Dianne (D) email@example.com For U.S. Senators in other states, see: http://www.senate.gov/senator/membmail.html http://www.earthlaw.org/Activist/senatadd.htm U.S. Representatives: http://w ww.visi.com/juan/congress/ E-MAIL THE WHITE HOUSE: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org WHITEHOUSE COMMENT LINE: (202) 456-1111 ATTORNEY GENERAL COMMENT LINE: (202) 514-2000 U.S. ATTORNEY'S OFFICE Northern District of California Michael Yamaguchi, U.S. Attorney 11th Floor - Federal Building 450 Golden Gate Avenue - Box 36055 San Francisco, CA 94102 Central District of California Criminal Division 312 North Spring Street Los Angeles, CA 90012 E-mail: email@example.com Executive Office for United States Attorneys United States Department of Justice 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Room 1619 Washington, D.C. 20530-0001 Phone: (202) 514-1020 Fax: (202) 514-0323 U.S. Attorneys Home Page http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/eousa/usaos.html DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION San Francisco Division 450 Golden Gate Avenue P.O. Box 36035 San Francisco, CA 94102 (415) 436-7900 Subdivisions: (Fresno, Monterey, Sacramento, San Francisco Airport TF, San Jose) Los Angeles Division 255 East Temple Street - 20th Floor Los Angeles, CA 90012 (213) 894-2650 Subdivisions: (Riverside, CA; Santa Ana, CA; Ventura, CA; Honolulu, HI; Guam; Las Vegas, NV; Reno, NV; N. Lake Tahoe TF; S. Lake Tahoe TF) *** Re-distributed as a public service by the: Colorado Hemp Initiative Project P.O. Box 729, Nederland, CO 80466 Hotline: (303) 784-5632 E-mail: (firstname.lastname@example.org) Web: http://www.welcomehome.org/cohip.html "Fighting over 60 years of lies and dis-information with 10,000 years of history and fact." AMERICAN MEDICAL MARIJUANA ORGANIZATION (AMMO) Defending The Rights Of Medical Marijuana Patients Board of Directors: --Steve Kubby (email@example.com) --Ed Rosenthal (firstname.lastname@example.org) --Laura Kriho (email@example.com) For subscription changes, please mail to (firstname.lastname@example.org) with the word "subscribe" or "unsubscribe" in the subject line. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Garden Grove Targets Cannabis Clubs ('Orange County Register' Reports City Revokes Business License Issued To CBC Only Three Months Ago) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 13:41:02 -0800 Subject: MN: US CA: Garden Grove Targets Cannabis Clubs Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday, January 14, 1998 Author: Tiffany Montgomery & Muhammed El-Hasan-The Orange County Register GARDEN GROVE TARGETS CANNABIS CLUBS The council amends the code in order to yank a business license for 'illegal activity.' Garden Grove - The city Tuesday was poised to revoke a business license it issued nearly three months ago to a cannabis club. City officials voted unanimously to amend a provision in the city code, allowing the city to yank the license of any business engaging in "illegal activity." "I'm the mayor of Garden Grove. I have no intention of seeing headlines saying that it's OK to open up a marijuana farm in Garden Grove," Bruce Broadwater said. "It's not going to happen." The Orange County Patient, Doctors and Nurses Support Group Co-op rents a post office box in the city, but does not have a permanent meeting place. The group's founder, Marvin Chavez of Santa Ana, vowed after the vote to "keep fighting." Chavez said the organization's purpose is to help those who need marijuana for medicinal purposes. "It's for patients to all come together and support each other, come out of the closet and educate each other about our conditions, and take charge of our care," he said. Chavez said his group does not sell marijuana but encourages members to grow it and provides it to those who don't for a donation. Proposition 215, which was passed by California voters in 1996, allows patients suffering from a variety of illness to possess and grow marijuana for medical use with a doctor's recommendation. The amended city law also allows the city to rescind a license if an application is filed with misleading or false information.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Questions (E-Mail Cites Research Cannabis Use Decreases Alcohol Use) Resent-Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 09:58:56 -0800 From: email@example.com Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 09:57:45 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: Questions David Yates wrote: >3. Is there any evidence to suggest that alcohol use decreases if cannabis >use increases? Studies cannabis use indicate that alcohol consumption decreases with marijuana use. The more regularly a person smokes, the less they tend to drink. I know a good many pot smokers who have quit drinking altogether. Not because of any drinking problem, but just because they "don't feel like drinking." 293-4 Richard Blum Report 1966 (4 Cal colleges) 54% of weekly marijuana users decreased alcohol intake - 2% of weekly users increased alcohol intake - 89% of daily users reduced alcohol use At one California college MJ use increased from 19 to 43% and - alcohol use more than once a month fell from 29% to 14% alcohol use more than "several times" a month fell from 17 to 12% Stanford University "At a time in their lives when students typically increase alcohol consumption significantly, only 3% MJ users had increased the frequency or quantity of their hard liquor consumption, while 32% reported a decrease. Garfield, Emily & Boreing, Michael "Drug Use On Campus" 1969 p 13 Dr. Seymour Halleck, U of Wis: "Perhaps the one major positive effect of the drug (marijuana) is to cut down on the use of alcohol. In the last few years it is rare for our student infirmary to encounter a student who has become aggressive, disoriented, or physically ill because of excessive use of alcohol. Alcohol has almost ceased to become a problem on our campuses." Marijuana & LSD on campus 1968 DEBATE POINT---This shoots the "Added Burden" theory in the ass. When they throw out their lame sound bite, "all we need is ANOTHER drug out there," give them a few figures about how MJ reduces alcohol abuse. This will more than offset any miniscule damage MJ might do. The added burden theory rests on the assumption that MJ causes some serious damage or acts as a gateway to drug abuse. The research makes it clear that MJ DIVERTS people from more harmful pastimes such as alcohol and addictive drugs. It's no wonder the alcohol industry is universally opposed to marijuana (big contributors to DARE, PDFA etc). They'd probably lose 20% or their market with legal cannabis. R Givens
------------------------------------------------------------------- Use Of Medication Should Not Be A Crime (Letter To Editor Of 'San Francisco Chronicle') Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 13:41:22 -0800 Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Use of Medication Should Not Be a Crime Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Frank S. World"
Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ USE OF MEDICATION SHOULD NOT BE A CRIME Editor -- Police are tormenting cannabis clubs again in the name of fear -- fear of drug use. It must sound strange to suggest that the use of drugs for fun is ``OK,'' but I'm not suggesting freedom from self-control. Quite the contrary, people can be responsible users, just like alcohol users. Not a fair analogy, I agree. As the law sees it, there is no distinction between war against users and care for people. But responsible recreational drug use should not be a crime in the first place. I assume we could agree at least that medication should not be a crime. So says a state law. This leaves the important issues. Crime and the hostility to minorities caused by society's zeal for a misconceived drug war. Meanwhile, legitimate uses of marijuana for medicine continue to struggle for tolerance. We must require respect for humanity and values. We all need the promotion of our welfare and our rights to make decisions for ourselves about our needs and desires. Expecting such respect from the law and government, of course, will be a long wait. It is only people who share pleasures and pains, concerns, interests in each other's projects, and each other's company, not institutions. The least that the establishment could do is leave us alone. Our society must recognize drug use and abuse as the medical and social problems that they are and that they must be treated with medical and social solutions. So stay tuned, when in the following months and years to come, our political leaders will band together to give the help only people can give . . . compassion. It could happen. ROLAND V. WILSON II Berkeley
------------------------------------------------------------------- Farmers Reject Hemp (Delegates To The American Farm Bureau Convention In Charlotte, North Carolina, Reverse Position On Research In 198-168 Vote, Cutting Off Nose To Spite NORML's Face) Date: Fri, 16 Jan 1998 11:09:28 -0800 From: Allison Bigelow (whc@CNW.COM) To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: Fwd: Farmers Reject Hemp Source: Reuters Pubdate: 14 Jan 1997 FARMERS REJECT HEMP CHARLOTTE, N.C., Jan. 14 - U.S. farmers decided today to just say no to research into industrial hemp, a cousin of marijuana. On a 198-168 vote, delegates to the American Farm Bureau convention went on record against production of industrial hemp and eliminated language in favor of research into it. "Don't take the good name of Farm Bureau and associate it with these people," said Missouri Farm Bureau president Charles Kruse, who complained the AFB, the largest U.S. farm organization, was being linked with groups like National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws. "If we say we support research, we are going to continue to be used," he said. Possibility of Profits Bill Sprague, president of the Kentucky Farm Bureau, said hemp might be a profitable crop. Hemp has adherents in Kentucky who see it as the successor to tobacco. The Kentucky Hemp Growers Cooperative Association, which supports international research, had a booth at the trade fair held as part of the AFB convention. "We should at least continue to do some research work," Sprague said. Industrial hemp, which contains virtually none of the mood- altering drug produced by marijuana, has excited interest as a fabric for apparel and furnishings, as well as its traditional use in rope and canvas. It has a wider color range and a more durable fiber than other natural textiles, proponents say. Law Enforcement Police worry that hemp cultivation would confound drug-law enforcement because hemp looks like marijuana, Kruse said. While most delegates shared Kruse's distaste for hemp, one asked if grain research should end because it can be converted into alcohol, misused by some people.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Lungren - Stop Selling Marijuana Trading Cards (California Attorney General Tries To Intimidate San Francisco's InLine Trading Cards)Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 00:51:54 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: More Lungren follies Posted at 6:47 p.m. PST Wednesday, January 14, 1998 Lungren: Stop selling marijuana trading cards BY SCRIPPS-MCCLATCHY WESTERN SERVICE SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- California Attorney General Dan Lungren is urging a producer of trading cards that feature marijuana plants to stop making and selling those cards. In a letter to the president of In Line Trading Cards and Magazines, and released Wednesday, Lungren stressed that the ``Classic In Line Hemp Cards'' are marketed to children in retail stores. ``Obviously, children are the most common consumers of trading cards and using slick, full-color cards to glamorize marijuana is an overtly cynical attempt to promote marijuana use to children while turning a profit for yourself,'' Lungren wrote in a letter signed by 21 other state attorneys general. Officials for the San Francisco-based trading card company could not be reached for comment Wednesday. The company's home page on the Internet says, ``We believe that the secular laws banning a natural, God-given plant are morally and philosophically indefensible.'' Lungren, a Republican who is running for governor, has previously called on manufacturers of violent video games to withdraw their products. Lungren also was a leading opponent of Proposition 215, a successful ballot initiative that legalized using marijuana for medicinal purposes. The California Citizens Compensation Commission, which sets the salaries and benefits of elected state officials, was scheduled Thursday to hold the first in a series of meetings on a variety of pay-related issues. The issues include the extra pay provided to legislative leaders, the relationship between state officials' salary levels, living expense payments for legislators, possible guidelines for future cost-of-living increases and whether legislators' salaries should be based in part on whether they pass a state budget on time. The commission said it will accept public testimony at the meeting, which is scheduled for 10:30 a.m. in the first-floor auditorium at 400 R St.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Attorneys General Slam Marijuana Trading Cards (AGs From 22 States Jump On The Demagogic Bandwagon To Censor InLine Classic Cards) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 20:11:52 -0800 (PST) From: Turmoil
To: email@example.com Subject: HT: Attorneys General Slam Marijuana Trading Cards (fwd) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Marijuana trading card collectibles such as ``Hashish,'' ``Acapulco Gold'' and ``Thai Stick'' are under fire by 22 state attorneys general who have demanded they be yanked from the market. In a letter made public Wednesday, law officials from 22 states asked InLine Classic Cards' President Kingsley Barnham to cease production of the ``Classic Hemp'' series, sold in convenience stores alongside baseball and auto trading cards. ``Using slick, full-color cards to glamorize marijuana is an overtly cynical attempt to promote marijuana use to children while turning a profit for yourself,'' said the letter, written by California Attorney General Dan Lungren. ``There are many outrageous and contemptible attempts to promote marijuana use, but efforts targeted at children are particularly loathsome,'' the letter said. San Francisco-based InLine introduced the cards in 1994, and in its on-line publicity material stresses that it ``is in no way glorifying or encouraging illegal activity of any kind.'' But the company also says the cards ``raise serious questions about basic human rights and freedoms ... (including) the freedom to alter one's conciousness.'' ``InLine takes the position with these cards that this nation's offensive against drugs can be compared to the war the United States waged in Vietnam: obscenely expensive and completely cost inefficient, producing far more losers than winners, and very likely morally wrong.'' In their letter, the attorneys general asked Barnham to ''reconsider your destructive propaganda effort'' and drop the cards from production. ``It is our hope that you will find the capacity to act responsibly and comply with our request,'' the letter said. InLine officials could not be reached for comment.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Lungren Vs. Medical Pot (Letter To Editor Of 'San Francisco Examiner' Criticizes California AG) Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 02:01:16 -0800 Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Lungren Vs. Medical Pot Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Frank S. World"
Source: San Francisco Examiner Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.examiner.com LUNGREN VS. MEDICAL POT Attorney General Dan Lungren's attack on medical marijuana is in reality based on his keen desire to challenge the entire proposition's legality. His assumption that marijuana has no medicinal value is based on conjecture. If his theory were true, why have many physicians found marijuana useful as a treatment for patients suffering from AIDS, glaucoma and chronic or acute pain? Apparently there is no better medicinal substitute. Ronald Pennyworth Piedmont
------------------------------------------------------------------- Crackdown To Hit East Palo Alto Gangs (City Officials Upset San Mateo County Sheriff Didn't Consult With Them Before Announcing 10-Officer Strike Force That Will Target Four Key Gangs And Drug Dealers In Minority Community) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 13:26:21 -0800 Subject: MN: US CA: Crackdown to Hit East P.A. Gangs Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 Author: Alan Gathright, Mercury News Staff Writer CRACKDOWN TO HIT EAST P.A. GANGS But city officials upset sheriff didn't consult with them on latest plan The San Mateo County sheriff announced a crackdown Tuesday against violent East Palo Alto gangs, but he may first have to settle a beef with the mayor, who's irked that the city wasn't consulted. Sheriff Don Horsley told the county board of supervisors that a 10-officer strike force will target four key gangs and drug dealers allegedly responsible for increased dealing and a bloody turf war that boosted the city homicide count to 15 in 1997. ``I don't believe that crime in East Palo Alto is out of control. It's not 1992,'' Horsley stressed, referring to the year when the city's 42 homicides made it the per capita ``murder capital'' of the nation. But Horsley added, ``We want to make sure that there isn't an open market for drug trafficking,'' which triggers feuding. East Palo Alto Mayor R.B. Jones said that while he's grateful for any help combating crime, the sheriff should have talked with his city's police chief and city council. ``I would be the first to say, `Thank you Sheriff Horsley, we could certainly use 10 more officers,' '' Jones said Tuesday. ``But you don't just send an occupying force into somebody's community.'' As chief law enforcement officer for the county, the sheriff does not need city approval for the operation. The dispute underscores the long-strained relations between county officials and leaders in the largely minority community, which voted to become an incorporated city in 1983 specifically to have its own police force. A separate issue from the task force is Horsley's proposal for a joint city-county police authority that would strengthen law enforcement in East Palo Alto. Horsley said the agency would be controlled by a city-dominated board. But the sheriff insisted he must have some management authority to improve a department that has suffered from lax discipline and brutality scandals. Horsley said his proposal would boost the beleaguered 31-officer police department to 42 officers and increase pay by 33 percent. But Jones said the city simply wants to hire some of the sheriff's deputies -- like temporary office workers -- while retaining command of the city's force. Horsley isn't willing to relinquish control over his troops. Meanwhile, some county supervisors are growing impatient to see the city's proposal for a long-term solution to the crime crisis. The county has pumped $10 million in law enforcement help into East Palo Alto over the past five years. ``We need to make a firm commitment to keeping East Palo Alto safe,'' Supervisor Ruben Barrales, whose district includes East Palo Alto, said during the Tuesday board meeting. But Supervisor Mary Griffin replied: ``I would like to see the East Palo Alto (city council) make an equally firm commitment to keeping East Palo Alto safe.'' Griffin suggested a summit between supervisors and the city council that would ]allow leaders to find common ground for a permanent solution.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Young Start To Drinking Predicts Alcoholism - Report ('Reuters' Item On New Study From National Institute On Alcohol Abuse And Alcoholism, NIAAA) Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 22:19:41 -0500 Subject: MN: US: Wire: Young Start To Drinking Predicts Alcoholism - Report Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: shug
Source: Reuters Pubdate: 14 Jan 1998 Author: Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent YOUNG START TO DRINKING PREDICTS ALCOHOLISM - REPORT WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The younger children or teenagers are when they start to drink, the more likely they are to become alcoholics, government researchers said on Wednesday. They said the unexpected findings were yet another reason to keep alcohol away from children. ``The younger kids start drinking, the more likely they will develop alcohol dependence at some time in their lives,'' said Bridget Grant, who led the study by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Children who started drinking before the age of 15 were four times more likely to become alcoholics, formally known as alcohol dependent, as those who started at 21. The risk that a person would abuse alcohol was doubled in people who started drinking before 15 compared to those who waited until the current legal drinking age of 21. ``These are whopping statistics and a very strong association,'' Grant told a news conference. The effect held strong when factors like sex, race, age, duration of drinking and family history were accounted for, Grant said. The volunteers were not asked how much and how often they drank. ``Some people will say didn't we know this? Well, we didn't know this,'' said Dr. Enoch Gordis, director of the NIAAA. A 13-year-old who has started drinking has a 28 percent chance of becoming an alcoholic if there is no family history of alcohol abuse. Among 13-year-olds with a family history of alcohol problems the risk is 58 percent, with an average risk of 43 percent for all 13-year-olds. This drops dramatically to about 10 percent of people who started to drink at 21. ``At this point we can't tell you the reasons. We can only speculate on what they might be,'' Gordis added. ``One possibility is the later you start, the less time you have to establish a habit of drinking before protective mechanisms kick in, such as your first job.'' Or the young brain may be more susceptible to the influence of alcohol, he added. Dr. Mary Dufour, deputy director of the NIAAA, said many underage children drank. ``Alcohol is America's No. 1 drug of choice,'' Dufour said. ''In 1987 nearly half of eighth graders...said they had used alcohol sometime in their lives,'' she added. ``These numbers scare me.'' The NIAAA researchers took information from 43,000 people surveyed face-to-face by the U.S. Census Bureau. Among the questions in the 110-page survey were queries about when a person first started drinking -- excluding the occasional sip or taste as part of family or religious events. They said the margin of error was very low -- less than three percent. They cited statistics showing alcohol abuse among the young was associated with risky sex, leading to teen-age pregnancy and exposure to the HIV virus that causes AIDS. It was also strongly linked with violence, depression and suicide. ``The main reason for prevention is that it's a disaster in the young, independent of this issue,'' Gordis said. ``We need to be vigorous in our enforcement of laws that are meant to protect young people from access to alcohol,'' Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala said in a statement. ''And we need to avoid glamorization of drinking, including misleading linkages between sports and alcohol.'' Grant said other countries such as France and Italy, where drinking was accepted at younger ages, were experiencing similar problems with alcohol abuse.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gingrich Promotes Drug War (The GOP Speaker Of The US House Of Representatives Addresses Lawmakers In Olympia, Washington, Suggesting They Focus On Four Goals, Beginning With 'Ridding The Nation Of Drugs' - No Comment Reported From American Medical Association) From: "W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-Hemp Talk" (email@example.com) Subject: HT: ART: Gingrich promotes Drug WAR Date: Mon, 12 Jan 1998 18:17:47 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Gingrich speech gets a partisan reception in Olympia U.S. House speaker preaches a GOP message Peter Callaghan; The News Tribune OLYMPIA - How state legislators responded to U.S. House Speaker Newt Gingrich's speech Tuesday depended on where they sat. Republicans, seated to Gingrich's right, welcomed his 35-minute speech with frequent applause - agreeing with his proposals for more federal and state tax cuts and a restructuring of the nation's retirement programs. Much of what the Georgia Republican proposed can be found in GOP bills pending before the Legislature. "He really wants to fix government to make it more accountable," said state House Speaker Clyde Ballard (R-East Wenatchee). But sitting to his left were many stern-faced Democrats who greeted Gingrich politely but gave little support to much of his vision for America's future - especially his criticism of bilingual education and a rebuke to how programs are delivered by government workers. Rep. Hans Dunshee (D-Snohomish) said that while Gingrich proposes deeper tax cuts at every level of government, it's up to state lawmakers to figure out how to do that without gutting education. "You can come in and do the vision thing, but this is the place we solve problems," Dunshee said of the Legislature. "He's the guy who tried to shut down the federal government," added House Democratic floor leader Frank Chopp of Seattle. Neither reaction - from Democrats or Republicans - was unexpected, and neither much affected Gingrich's speech to most members of the House and Senate, Gov. Gary Locke and seven of the eight other statewide elected officials. Supreme Court justices, who normally attend joint sessions, were across the street hearing cases. Gingrich, in the state to raise money for Republicans and to hear presentations at Microsoft and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, is perhaps the first sitting U.S. speaker to address the Legislature. Rep. Steve Conway (D-Tacoma) suggested that the trip was meant to "package the new Newt Gingrich." And Ballard acknowledged that Gingrich is "testing the waters" for a possible run for president in 2000. Sounding like the college professor he used to be, Gingrich asked lawmakers to help him make sense out of two conflicting ideas: turning over more decision-making to the states while maintaining some sort of central vision for the United States. "How can we have a common general direction while maximizing our decentralization and maximizing local leadership and maximizing local initiative?" he asked. His suggestion was to focus on four common goals: ridding the nation of drugs, rethinking government retirement programs, building both an education system and what he called a learning system, and reducing taxes at all levels of government from the current average of 38 percent of income to 25 percent. On education, Gingrich proposed three reforms: * "Let's write into the (teachers') contract that if your school is in the bottom 20 percent in scoring, the contract doesn't apply anymore." * "Students should learn to read and write in English because that is the commercial language of United States, and they will have their future crippled if they can't read and write in English." * "I'd like you to consider mandating that once a year in every grade level a day be spent looking at the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution." Gingrich said Americans have two mental clocks - one measured in seconds that they use to time the performance of the private sector, and one measured in 15-minute increments that they use to judge the public sector. That is, the same consumer who would think nothing of waiting 90 minutes for service at a driver's license counter wouldn't tolerate a much shorter wait at Nordstrom. "How can we think that process through so that people 20 years from now would have the same expectations of efficiency, customer orientation and performance out of the public sector as they have out of the private sector?" he asked. He also called for a "personal, modern retirement system" to replace a Social Security system built before computers. He proposed a national commission to study government retirement programs made up of one-third older baby boomers, one-third younger baby boomers and one-third younger Americans. "I know it takes some courage for elected officials to raise the issue," Gingrich said. * Staff writer Peter Callaghan covers politics. Reach him at 253-597-8657 or by e-mail at email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- How To Lobby Online In Support Of SB 6271, Washington State's Medical Marijuana Bill (Including A List Of Legislators' E-mail Addresses) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 16:21:52 -0800 (PST) From: Robert Lunday (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Subject: SB 6271 Online/Medical Marijuana Lobby Tips Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Senate Bill 6271 is now available online in HTML format at: http://www.hemp.net/news/SB6271.html This version summarizes the changes to the RCW, greatly reducing it's length, yet providing links to the complete text should you desire to see it. The official version can be found at: http://www.leg.wa.gov/pub/billinfo/senate/6250-6274/6271_011398 I've included Section 1 here which very eloquently lays out the intent of the legislation. Here are some excellent words of advice from Senator Jeanne Kohl: "It's very important that people who send e-mails or contact legislators in any form do so respectfully and not threaten people with not voting for them, etc. That really turns off legislators. The best thing would be to bring up medical needs, about a relative or friend who's suffered and found help, etc. Nothing about overall drug legalization. It would be especially helpful to have people write in who opposed the initiative or were uncomfortable with it who would now like to see the legislature do something very focused, narrow, regulated, etc." Remember it is truthful information and compassion that will win the day. Sincerely, Robert Lunday *** For the complete text of this bill visit: http://www.hemp.net/news/SB6271.html SB 6271 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON: NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. The legislature finds that some studies have shown that some seriously ill patients, under their physicians' care, may benefit from the use of marijuana, to relieve symptoms and suffering. Some of the conditions for which marijuana appears to be beneficial include chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in cancer patients, AIDS wasting syndrome, glaucoma, muscle spasms associated with epilepsy and multiple sclerosis, and some forms of intractable pain. The legislature finds that humanitarian compassion necessitates that the decision to authorize marijuana for use by seriously ill patients is a personal, individual decision, based upon the physician's professional medical judgment and discretion, and founded in the privileged physician-patient relationship. The legislature finds that the advice given by a physician to his or her patient is constitutionally protected free speech, and as such is entitled to the protection of the first amendment of the bill of rights, and the Constitution of the state of Washington. The legislature further finds that, in an era when some seriously ill or terminal patients are driven to thoughts of suicide, refusal to allow physicians to authorize the use of medical marijuana to relieve intractable pain and suffering is unconscionable. The legislature further finds that, although the policy of the federal government is to oppose the use of medical marijuana, Washington state public policy, in the interests of compassion, free speech, and advancement in the treatment of the terminally ill necessitates the legalization of limited, physician-supervised medical marijuana. Some medical researchers believe that increased clinical experience may provide valuable data not yet available in limited scientific studies. The legislature finds that the medical utility of marijuana is worth studying, and encourages public and private research organizations and physicians to research such use, including efficacy, and availability of pharmaceutical quality marijuana. The legislature intends that seriously ill patients, who, in the judgment of their physicians would benefit from the use of medical marijuana, be exempt from liability and criminal prosecution for limited, personal possession and use of marijuana. The legislature intends that physicians also be immune from liability and prosecution for the authorization of marijuana use to patients for whom, in the individual physician's professional judgment, medical marijuana may prove beneficial. The legislature intends to strictly limit the legalization of marijuana to medical use, upon authorization of a physician. The legislature does not condone the nonmedical, recreational use of marijuana under any circumstances. *** Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 12:19:02 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Clifford Schaffer" (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Washington State Senate e-mail addresses As of January 14, 1998, this is the current list of e-mail addresses for the Washington State Senate. firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 20:05:56 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Clifford Schaffer" (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Re: Washington State Senate e-mail addresses -----Original Message----- > >Cliff, > >Thank you for the post with Senators e-mail addresses. > >It would appear that the Senate is not going to be a problem. Sen. Kohl >and Sen. Deccio are the ranking members of the Health Care Committee and >they have jointly sponsored the bill for medical mj. > >The House is a different story, we do not have a current sponsor in the >house. > >Do not let this discourage you from contacting senators, but know the >focus that we need today. OK, then, here is the House. Enjoy. Gary Alexander 20 firstname.lastname@example.org David H. Anderson 10 email@example.com Marlin Appelwick 46 firstname.lastname@example.org Bill Backlund 45 email@example.com Ida Ballasiotes 41 firstname.lastname@example.org Brad Benson 6 email@example.com Rod Blalock 33 firstname.lastname@example.org Marc Boldt 17 email@example.com Roger Bush 2 firstname.lastname@example.org Patty Butler 32 email@example.com Jack Cairnes 47 firstname.lastname@example.org Don Carlson 49 email@example.com Mike Carrell 28 firstname.lastname@example.org Gary Chandler 13 email@example.com Frank Chopp 43 firstname.lastname@example.org Grace Cole 32 email@example.com Dow Constantine 34 firstname.lastname@example.org Steve Conway 29 email@example.com Suzette Cooke 47 firstname.lastname@example.org Mike Cooper 21 email@example.com Jeralita "Jeri" Costa 38 firstname.lastname@example.org Larry Crouse 4 email@example.com Richard DeBolt 20 firstname.lastname@example.org Jerome Delvin 8 email@example.com Mary Lou Dickerson 36 firstname.lastname@example.org Jim Dunn 17 email@example.com Hans Dunshee 39 firstname.lastname@example.org Philip E. Dyer 5 email@example.com Ruth Fisher 27 firstname.lastname@example.org Georgia Gardner 42 email@example.com Jeff Gombosky 3 firstname.lastname@example.org William A. Grant 16 email@example.com Brian Hatfield 19 firstname.lastname@example.org Timothy T. Hickel 30 email@example.com Jim Honeyford 15 firstname.lastname@example.org Tom Huff 26 email@example.com Peggy Johnson 35 firstname.lastname@example.org Jim Kastama 25 email@example.com Karen Keiser 33 firstname.lastname@example.org Phyllis Kenney 46 email@example.com Lynn Kessler 24 firstname.lastname@example.org John Koster 39 email@example.com Eileen L. Cody 11 firstname.lastname@example.org Kathy Lambert 45 email@example.com Patricia Lantz 26 firstname.lastname@example.org Kelli Linville 42 email@example.com Dave Mastin 16 firstname.lastname@example.org Joyce McDonald 25 email@example.com Cathy McMorris 7 firstname.lastname@example.org Thomas Mielke 18 email@example.com Maryann Mitchell 30 firstname.lastname@example.org Jeff Morris 40 email@example.com Joyce Mulliken 13 firstname.lastname@example.org Edward B. Murray 43 email@example.com Al O'Brien 1 firstname.lastname@example.org Val Ogden 49 email@example.com Linda Evans Parlette 12 firstname.lastname@example.org John Pennington 18 email@example.com Erik Poulsen 34 firstname.lastname@example.org Dave Quall 40 email@example.com Renee Radcliff 48 firstname.lastname@example.org Debbie Regala 27 email@example.com Eric Robertson 31 firstname.lastname@example.org Sandra Singery Romero 22 email@example.com Dave Schmidt 44 firstname.lastname@example.org Karen Schmidt 23 email@example.com Mark G. Schoesler 9 firstname.lastname@example.org Pat Scott 38 email@example.com Barry Sehlin 10 firstname.lastname@example.org Larry Sheahan 9 email@example.com Tim Sheldon 35 firstname.lastname@example.org Mike Sherstad 1 email@example.com Mary Skinner 14 firstname.lastname@example.org Scott Smith 2 email@example.com Duane Sommers 6 firstname.lastname@example.org Helen Sommers 36 email@example.com Mark Sterk 4 firstname.lastname@example.org Brian Sullivan 29 email@example.com Bob Sump 7 firstname.lastname@example.org Gigi Talcott 28 email@example.com Les Thomas 31 firstname.lastname@example.org Brian Thomas 5 email@example.com Bill Thompson 44 firstname.lastname@example.org Kip Tokuda 37 email@example.com Steve Van Luven 48 firstname.lastname@example.org Mike Wensman 41 email@example.com Cathy Wolfe 22 firstname.lastname@example.org Alex Wood 3 email@example.com Paul Zellinsky 23 firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Boston Sheraton Settles Employee Spying Case (ACLU News Reports Attempted Persecution Of Pot Smokers Costs Boston Hotel $200,000) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 22:56:43 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: James Hammett
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: ACLU News 01-14-98: Employee Spying.... Notice the excuse that management used to start spying on the employee locker rooms. >Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 13:19:00 -0500 (EST) >From: ACLU Newsfeed Owner >To: email@example.com >Subject: ACLU News 01-14-98: Employee Spying, Beer Labels, More! > >01-14-98 >ACLU Newsfeed -- ACLU News Direct to YOU! > > IN THE ACLU NEWSROOM >Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org >Precedence: bulk > > **The Latest News Can Always Be Found At:** > http://www.aclu.org/news/pressind.html > >* Boston Sheraton Settles > Employee Spying Case [stuff deleted] >* Recent Headlines from the ACLU NewsWire > > Boston Sheraton Settles > Employee Spying Case > >FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE >Monday, January 12, 1998 > >BOSTON -- Ending a case that has sparked national attention on the lack >of workplace privacy rights, the Boston Sheraton has agreed to settle a >four-year-old lawsuit and pay more than $200,000 to employees who were >secretly videotaped in a hotel locker room. > >The settlement, announced this weekend, was prompted by a suit filed by >five male employees in February of 1993 when they discovered that hotel >management had installed a hidden video camera in the locker room and >spied on employees. At least one worker was videotaped while undressing. > >Sheraton officials had claimed that the cameras were installed in >response to rumors that employees were smoking marijuana in the locker >room. The videotapes, however, failed to produce any evidence of >employee misconduct. > >"Employers often initiate covert surveillance on the basis of little >more than rumors," said Jeffrey Feuer, attorney for the Sheraton >employees. "They need to take a hard look at the evidence to see if it's >solid and consider less intrusive alternatives before installing hidden >cameras." > >Footage from the hidden cameras has fomented outrage over the paucity of >laws protecting the rights of employees not to be secretly monitored in >the American workplace. Despite the explosive growth in employer >surveillance in recent years, neither Congress nor the states have acted >to protect employees' privacy. > >The only significant law in this area is a 1986 amendment to the federal >wiretapping act that prohibits employers from deliberately eavesdropping >on employees' personal telephone calls. The law, however, offers no >protection from hidden cameras, e-mail monitoring, or other modern forms >of workplace surveillance. > >The settlement was praised by national privacy experts, who hoped it >would illustrate to employers the danger of invading their employees' >privacy. > >"This serves as a financial warning to employees not to secretly monitor >their workers," said Lewis Maltby, Director of the American Civil >Liberties Union's workplace rights office. "Employers should think twice >before installing surveillance equipment, especially in sensitive >areas." > >The hotel employees said they were pleased with the settlement, but said >they would rather have been spared the experience. > >In court papers, one of the Sheraton workers, Jean L. Clement, stated >that: "Learning about the secret videotaping made me very scared at work >because I feel as though I am being watched wherever I go, which is how >I felt when I lived in Haiti." Clement fled the Haitian dictatorship of >the Duvaliers to come to the United States. > >[NOTE: Footage from the hidden camera in the Sheraton is included on an >ACLU video, "Through the Keyhole: Privacy in the Workplace - An >Endangered Right," available at 1-800-775-ACLU or through the ACLU's >online store at http://www.aclu.org.] > >ACLU Newsfeed >American Civil Liberties Union National Office >125 Broad Street >New York, New York 10004 > >To subscribe to the ACLU Newsfeed, send a message to email@example.com >with "subscribe News" in the body of the message. To terminate your >subscription, send a message to firstname.lastname@example.org with "unsubscribe >News" in the body of the message. > >For general information about the ACLU, write to email@example.com. later, James
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pentagon To Scrap Armed Patrols Along Border (The Defense Department Decision Comes In the Wake Of The Fatal Shooting Of A Teenage Goat Herder Along The Texas Border Last Year By A US Marine) Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 01:00:22 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Pentagon ends border patrols Posted at 3:01 p.m. PST Wednesday, January 14, 1998 Pentagon to scrap armed patrols along border Scripps Howard News Service WASHINGTON -- Defense Department officials will recommend permanently canceling armed military patrols along the Mexico border in the wake of a fatal shooting of a teenage goat herder by a U.S. Marine last year, a senior defense official said Wednesday. ``It's not worth the legal liability for our soldiers, and the actual amount of drugs seized throughout the performance of those missions proved to be modest,'' said the senior defense official who spoke on the condition of anonymity. An ongoing study of the military's future role along the border has not yet been presented to Defense Secretary William Cohen. But that study will advocate that support services including road building and intelligence gathering continue, while ground reconnaissance missions in the front lines of the drug war end, the official said. The proposed end of the armed patrols drew outrage from Rep. Lamar Smith, R-Texas, chairman of the House immigration subcommittee. ``Reducing the already overburdened resources at the border opens the door for drug smugglers who are now bringing 70 percent of their product across the Southwest border,'' Smith said. Last year the House overwhelmingly approved a measure that would deploy 10,000 more troops along the border, but the measure died in the Senate. Less than two dozen troops were involved in armed ground patrols of the border at any time, so canceling them amounts to no more than ``a minor adjustment'' to a ``very robust, and we think very successful program,'' the defense official said. The armed patrols were halted in July, after a U.S. Marine shot and killed a high-school sophomore in Southwest Texas. The fatal shooting occurred after the teen fired two shots from an 80-year-old rifle towards four Marines who were hiding in riverbank brush on an anti-drug patrol. A Texas grand jury declined to indict the Marine, but a Justice Department civil rights investigation has not been completed. The Defense Department's study on the military's role along the border, triggered by the death of Esequiel Hernandez Jr., 18, will not be released until the Justice Department concludes its probe, sources said. The moratorium on ground patrols has not prohibited the military from continuing to provide various kinds of support to the U.S. Border Patrol, including document analysis, translation, aerial reconnaissance, engineering, training and secured transportation of drug evidence, said Lt. Col. Bill Reichert, a spokesman for Joint Task Force Six, a drug-fighting military detail based at Fort Bliss, Texas. National Guard troops also help U.S. Customs agents inspect trucks at U.S. ports of entry along the border. Last week the Defense Department revealed plans to send more than 500 Army soldiers and Marines, along with construction equipment, to South Texas to build roads and helicopter landing pads along the border. All of the military activity is aimed at helping to stop drug trafficking, not illegal immigration. But any information the military activity yields about illegal immigration is passed along to the Border Patrol. The deployment of military forces along the border has been controversial since it began under orders from Congress in 1989. Some critics have said that use of the military comes perilously close to violating the 1878 Posse Comitatus law, which forbids the U.S. military from engaging in domestic police work, such as making arrests. Others, including many military leaders, say the armed forces are trained differently than law enforcement officers, and operate under distinctly different rules. Soldiers learn to fight and kill other combatants on battlefields, not to detain or apprehend civilians protected by an array of constitutional rights, the critics say. Even Barry McCaffrey, the nation's drug czar and a retired Army general, has said he prefers not to use soldiers in the front lines. But until Border Patrol ranks can be built up, military help is essential, McCaffrey has said. A spokesman for the Office of National Drug Control Policy said he has seen no plans for future military armed patrols along the border, but considers the military's current support ``adequate.'' There are generally no more than 125 troops deployed to border-related missions at any one time, said Maureen Bossch, a spokeswoman for Joint Task Force Six near El Paso.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Focus On The Family - Marijuana Usage (Dr. Voth Strikes Again! - Notorious Topeka Anti-Pot Zealot Given Airtime To Spread Lies About Cannabis By KXXV-TV In Waco, Texas) Date: Mon, 19 Jan 1998 22:58:49 EST To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Voth on "Focus On The Family" Segment, 'Marijuana Usage'. Newshawk: John F. Wilson Source: ABC television affiliate KXXV, News 25, Waco, TX. Date Aired: January 14, 1998 -- 6:55 AM Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Attn: Brenda Wallin, AM news director. Fax: (254) 757-0331 NOTE: Focus on the Family may be contacted by email: email@example.com And: has a website: http://www.fotf.org TRANSCRIPT: "FOCUS ON THE FAMILY" SEGMENT, 'MARIJUANA USAGE'. News anchor, David Keating, introduces the video segment 'Focus on the Family' by saying, "Dr. Dobson cites some alarming statistics about marijuana usage." [roll video] transcript: Dr. Dobson: There's renewed interest in some circles today about the legalization of marijuana usage. Before we take such a step however, we should consider a few documented medical facts provided by Dr. Harold Voth, the Senior Psychiatrist for the Menninger Foundation, in Topeka, Kansas. He said first, five marijuana cigarettes have the same cancer causing capacity as 112 conventional cigarettes. Second, the part of the brain that allows a person to focus, concentrate, create, learn and conceptualize at an advanced level is still growing during the teen-age years. Continuous use of marijuana over a period of time will retard the normal growth of those cells. Third, a study at Columbia University revealed that female marijuana smokers suffer a sharp increase in damage to DNA genetic code. It was also found that reproductive eggs are especially vulnerable to damage by marijuana. Fourth, a second Columbia University study found that a control group smoking a single marijuana cigarette every other day for a year had a white blood cell count that was 39 percent lower than normal, thus damaging the immune system and making the user far more susceptible to infection and sickness. Given these established medical facts Dr. Voth says we should be very reluctant to re-write the laws prohibiting the popular use of marijuana. With "Focus on the Family," this is Dr. James Dobson
------------------------------------------------------------------- Renewed Call To Decriminalise Cannabis (Britain's BBC Relates What Home Secretary Jack Straw Heard When His Own Backbencher, Labour MP Paul Flynn, Urged Him To 'Go Dutch' And Decriminalise Cannabis) Date: Thu, 15 Jan 1998 02:00:41 -0800 Subject: MN: UK: Renewed Call to Decriminalise Cannabis Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: BBC Pubdate: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk Feedback: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/feedback/default.htm RENEWED CALL TO DECRIMINALISE CANNABIS Drugs are central to the teenage culture in Britain. More calls to legalise cannabis have been made following the cautioning of the Home Secretary's son for selling drugs. The Home Secretary, Jack Straw, was urged by one of his own backbenchers, Paul Flynn, to "Go Dutch" and legalise cannabis after his son William was cautioned by the police for selling drugs. The Labour MP for Newport West, who is vice-chairman of the Commons Drugs Misuse Group, applauded the police's decision not to prosecute the 17-year-old after he admitted supplying cannabis to an undercover reporter. He said the teenager had had a "lucky escape" and urged his father to adopt an "intelligent" drugs policy like Holland's, where cannabis has been partially decriminalised. Mr Flynn told the Home Secretary: "It was right not to prosecute Jack Straw's son, although the lives of tens of thousands of other youngsters have been wrecked for similar and lesser offences. "Many have lost jobs, been expelled from schools and jailed for possession or dealing." Users as young as 13 Drugs have become central to the teenage culture in Britain: not only is availability becoming more widespread, but the age of people getting involved in the culture of illegal drugs is getting lower. Brighton has one of the worst drug records in Britain One of the worst areas for drug problems among young people is in the south coast town of Brighton, where children as young as 13 say they have been offered drugs and some admit having taken them. A recent survey revealed that more 15-year-olds in Britain were experimenting with drugs than in any other European country. Fourteen-year-old Clare started on cannabis when she was 13 years old and has taken speed and LSD. "Mainly my older friends get it," she said. "Once you've got it, you go to someone else's house, shut the door and then you're there." Anti-drugs campaigns are being ignored Clare, who lives in Brighton, says she has heard anti-drugs campaigns. "I listened but I didn't really because my curiosity got the better of me. It's all part of the culture as well." Don Brown, who runs a youth club and help service for teenagers on drugs, says he is in no doubt that the cannabis smoker will move on to harder drugs. However, some children say it is a natural progression. One teenager said: "It's all about children growing up. It's a lifestyle now, it's not a fact of peer pressure any more and people will gradually make their way through drugs and it's up to them." Another youngster said: "Before I tried cannabis I thought it was classed as a bad drug -- on a level of other drugs such as heroin. "After I tasted cannabis and saw there wasn't a problem with it I thought speed will be okay, but that is a lot more damaging." Sussex police has one of the worst drug beats in the country. Their policy is to caution first time cannabis users and always to prosecute dealers. They do not send undercover police into clubs, but rely on closed circuit television and nightclub bouncers for tip offs. Jeremy Paine: targeting dealers The Head of Sussex Drugs Squad, Jeremy Paine, said: "It is readily available, I accept that, but we are doing a lot of work concentrating on the dealers - these are the people who are putting our kids at risk by offering them drugs when they're having a good time, there's lots of peer pressure and they think they ought to try it because their friends are with them. "We're doing lots of work in schools with the young kids so they're given the education so that they can make informed decisions in the heat of the moment and think about whether drugs are really for them." However, some believe that anti-drugs campaigns could never solve the problem. MP Paul Flynn believes the only successful anti-drugs policy is decriminalisation like in Holland. He said: "Twenty years of cannabis decriminalisation there has cut all drugs use. No police, courts or prison time is wasted chasing cannabis users." The MP, who visited the Amsterdam last week, said: "In Britain's [EU] Presidency year we should try humility in lecturing other EU countries on drugs policy. "Our so-called 'tough' policies continue to fail with soaring drug use and crime. In Holland, 'intelligent' policies have reduced all harm."
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 29 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists) Date: Wed, 14 Jan 1998 15:13:30 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer
Subject: DrugSense Weekly January 14, 1998 #029 DRUGSENSE WEEKLY DrugSense Weekly January 14, 1998 #029 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Articles War on Patients to Escalate: Federal Government Announces Plan to Raid Cannabis Buyers' Clubs, by the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP@MPP.ORG) and These People Made a Difference: A Eulogy, by Chuck Thomas * Weekly News In Review Domestic News - Adolescents Washington a Test Market for Anti-Drug Ads Cannabis Clubs Marijuana Clubs Vow to Continue Operations Government Moves To Close Marijuana Clubs U.S. Launches Drive To Close Marijuana Clubs Federal Drug Laws, State Initiative Are At Odds U.S. Acts To Close Pot Clubs U.S. Attorney Files Suits To Close Cannabis Clubs Heroin Another Look At Methadone Maintenance Hemp News Farmers To Debate Hemp California Petition Drive Begins to Make Hemp Use Legal Medical Marijuana Help Sought For Medical Pot Users Galbraith Asks Judges OK Pot as "Natural Remedy" The Drug War Drug Testing Of Workers Keeps Rising FBI Completes Probe Of Fatal Shooting Of Border Teen By Marine Clinton Will Require States To Cut Drug Use In Prisons There's No Justice In The War On Drugs Study Links Drugs To 80% Of Incarcerations International News - Needle-exchange Programmes in the USA: Time To Act Now Hot Off The 'Net Peter Gorman on the Art Bell Show Former NORML Head Launches On-Line Magazine Second Conference on Pain Management and Chemical Dependency *** FEATURE ARTICLE War on Patients to Escalate: Federal Government Announces Plan to Raid Cannabis Buyers' Clubs by the Marijuana Policy Project (MPP@MPP.ORG) On January 9, The U.S. Department of Justice filed civil suits to shut down six of the not-for-profit medicinal marijuana dispensaries, known as Cannabis Buyers' Clubs (CBCs), throughout Northern California. CBC workers who refuse to comply will be arrested. One of these workers specifically named in the federal suit is an AIDS patient, Barbara Sweeney. The Clinton administration is subverting the will of California voters by these suits against the courageous caregivers who help seriously ill patients obtain medicinal marijuana. Ironically, CBCs would not even be needed if the federal government would allow licensed pharmacies to distribute medicinal marijuana. Proposition 215, passed by California voters in November 1996, calls on the "federal and state governments to implement a plan to provide for the safe and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need." While state and federal prosecutors have been working to subvert Proposition 215, numerous city and county governments throughout California have established regulations to allow tightly controlled CBCs to operate. Local governments have passed laws or entered into agreements which allow CBCs to give patients a safe, affordable supply of marijuana. CBCs undercut organized crime - patients no longer need to buy their medicine from drug dealers on street corners. How dare the cruel, power-hungry federal government interfere with local laws that work? This 'Washington-knows-best' attitude results in drug policies that do nothing but harm. When the government starts raiding CBCs, the Marijuana Policy Project hopes that the media will resist the urge to focus on the one or two flamboyant CBCs. The public should know that the vast majority are professional, well-regulated, and tightly controlled. *** These People Made a Difference: A Eulogy by Chuck Thomas Two of the medicinal marijuana patients and activists who passed away in 1997 that I had the pleasure of working with were Lucie Bergmann Shuster and Andrew Hasenfeld, Ph.D. Despite their suffering, both testified before a National Institutes of Health (NIH) medicinal marijuana panel last February. This influential government panel made strong statements supporting marijuana's medical value, including, "We know that for some people, it makes a difference." Many of the NIH panelists would not have fully understood this fact - or had the courage to publicly state it - if not for the heartfelt testimony of Lucie, Andrew and several other patients who testified. The NIH panel's supportive statements will be cited by medicinal marijuana advocates for years to come, arguing that if marijuana "makes a difference," then patients should not be arrested for using it. It's only a matter of time before the laws are changed and marijuana is made legally available to seriously ill people. Lucie and Andrew truly made a difference. Lucie Bergmann Shuster, a middle-aged, married woman from San Jose, California, was diagnosed with breast cancer a few years ago. She suffered debilitating nausea from her chemotherapy, despite having tried all of the legal anti-emetics. Like TV character Murphy Brown, Lucie reluctantly tried marijuana - and it worked. A couple of puffs was all that she needed. After several bouts of chemotherapy, she barely finished an eighth-ounce baggie, and she had no interest in using marijuana recreationally. She was politically active in health care and breast cancer issues. Lucie passed away on September 18, 1997. Andrew Hasenfeld, a 40-year-old man from Amherst, Massachusetts, suffered from multiple sclerosis for nearly 20 years. Andrew earned a Ph.D. in physics and had developed useful medical technology during his career. Ironically, the only substance that controlled his spasticity was a naturally growing plant that had been used as a medicine thousands of years before Isaac Newton's time. Andrew participated in numerous medicinal marijuana advocacy efforts in Massachusetts. His testimony at the February 1997 NIH conference was compelling, cutting right to the core of the issue when he asked the panel, "I'm in a wheelchair already. Do you want to see me in jail?" Andrew passed away on December 21, 1997, from MS-related complications. Andrew and Lucie were a pleasure and inspiration to work with. Their serious, respectable attitudes were complimented by their good-natured sense of humor. Throughout the two-day NIH conference, Lucie kept busy helping the other patients, many of whom were in wheelchairs or nearly blind. Andrew, even when barely able to hold his head up, would ask, "Is there anything else I should do?" The lesson that Andrew and Lucie taught by example was that no matter how stacked the odds are against you, you can always do something to help others. Over the years, countless healthy, financially secure people have declined to help change the marijuana laws, fearing legal hassles, a damaged reputation, or claiming that they "can't afford" the time or money. Some say, "It's too much work, so why bother?" People like Andrew and Lucie are the reason to bother - people who risk losing their medicine and their freedom by outing themselves as criminals for using medicinal marijuana, so that someday, long after they're gone, other people in the same situation won't have to suffer or be arrested. In 1997, Andrew and Lucie made a difference at NIH. In 1998, will their legacy make a difference for the entire reform movement? Chuck Thomas is the Communications Director of the Washington, D.C. based - Marijuana Policy Project. For more information please visit the Marijuana Policy Project web site at http://www.mpp.org *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW Domestic News *** Adolescents Subj: US DC: Washington a Test Market for Anti-Drug Ads URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n026.a06.html Source: Washington Post Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Pubdate: Friday, January 9, 1998 The woman in the commercial smashes an egg to show what a brain on drugs looks like, then claims the yolk dripping from the frying pan is what a body on drugs feels like. Then she goes on a rampage breaking plates and glasses, declaring: "This is what your family goes through." The television ad - part of a $195 million anti-drug advertising campaign launched by the White House and aimed at America's youth - was one of four spots previewed yesterday by 200 fourth-, fifth- and sixth-graders at Lafayette Elementary School in Northwest Washington. The fast-paced, thought-provoking ads, which began airing on local television stations in Washington last night, will be viewed locally in 11 other cities before they are shown nationally in June. The goal of the five-year campaign is to encourage adults to talk openly with children about illegal substances and to stir children to talk with their peers about drugs, said Barry R. McCaffrey, White House national drug policy director. "I thought [the advertisement] was kind of strange, and it caught my eye because it was interesting," said Aaron Laporte, 11, one of the awestruck sixth-graders who watched the ad in the school auditorium. "It's saying, Don't take drugs, because they hurt your body." [continues: 43 lines] *** Cannabis Clubs Subj: US CA: SFX: Marijuana Clubs Vow to Continue Operations URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n027.a01.html Source: San Francisco Examiner Pubdate: Sunday, January 11, 1998 Contact: email@example.com California's cannabis clubs vow to continue distributing marijuana -one way or another-despite a formidable attack by the U.S. Justice Department. Almost all 17 clubs in the state said they are seeking new ways to continue serving their estimated 6,300 clients, either by restructuring their organizations, opening under new management or creating clandestine distribution routes. "We'll devise a plan to help people (get marijuana)," said Dennis Peron, whose Cannabis Cultivators' Club was targeted in the federal probe. "We cannot abandon the sick and dying.... This will not stop medical marijuana." In a broad and sweeping effort to close the clubs, the U.S. Justice Department filed suit Friday to enjoin pot distribution by six clubs in Marin, San Francisco, Oakland, Santa Cruz and Ukiah. Officials would not say why those six clubs were singled out, but they did not rule out investigating activities at the others. [continues: 102 lines] *** Subj: US CA: Government Moves To Close Marijuana Clubs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a04.html Source: Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: 10 Jan 1998 San Francisco - The federal government renewed its battle against the state's medical marijuana law Friday,moving to shut down six marijuana buyers' clubs in Northern California. U.S. Attorney Michael Yamaguchi filed civil suits seeking to halt operation of the clubs - two in San Francisco and one each in Oakland, southern Marin County, Santa Cruz and Ukiah - for violations of federal laws against the possession, cultivation and distribution of marijuana. "The issue is not the medical use of marijuana. It is the persistent violation of federal law," Yamaguchi said at a news conference. He said the civil suits, which target only the clubs and their operators and not individual patients, were a "measured approach" short of criminal charges. Undercover drug agents had bought marijuana at each club and had seen purchases by other customers, according to court papers. [continues: 47 lines] *** Subj: US CA: LAT: U.S. Launches Drive to Close Marijuana Clubs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a05.html Source: Los Angeles Times Pubdate: 10 Jan 1998 Contact: email@example.com SAN FRANCISCO - For the first time since California voters approved the use of medical marijuana, the federal government Friday mounted a legal battle to shut down six Northern California clubs that sell the weed. The government wants to "send a clear message regarding the illegality of marijuana cultivation and distribution," said Michael Yamaguchi, the U.S. attorney for Northern California. His office filed civil lawsuits Friday accusing the clubs and 10 of their operators of distribution of marijuana, and seeking permanent injunctions to close centers in San Francisco, Oakland, Santa Cruz, Ukiah and Marin. The move comes as medical marijuana advocates in other states are pushing to follow California's lead, seeking similar ballot initiatives to allow patients to grow and use marijuana with a doctor's recommendation. [continues: 121 lines] *** Subj: US CA: Federal Drug Laws, State Initiative Are At Odds URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a06.html Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sat, 10 Jan 1998 SAN FRANCISCO - Putting its weight for the first time behind efforts to undercut California's voter-approved Proposition 215, the Clinton administration Friday filed a flurry of lawsuits seeking to shut down six Northern California marijuana clubs. The U.S. Justice Department filed the lawsuits in federal courts in San Francisco, Oakland and San Jose, attempting to finally resolve a conflict between federal drug laws and the state ballot initiative voters approved in November 1996 allowing sales of marijuana for medicinal purposes. Federal officials did not move to close San Jose's Cannabis Center, although word of the Justice Department's offensive created some panic among the club's operators and patrons. "I'm relieved (we were not sued), but I know we're not out of the woods," said Peter Baez, the center's executive director. "The federal government will do everything it takes. I'm sure our time will come." [continues: 116 lines] *** Subj: US CA: SFX: U.S. Acts To Close Pot Clubs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a07.html Source: San Francisco Examiner Pubdate: January 10, 1998 Contact: email@example.com In a major strike in the federal government's war on California's new medicinal marijuana law, U.S. Attorney Michael Yamaguchi filed suits to close six cannabis clubs that distribute the drug to hundreds of Northern Californians each week. Despite the state's Proposition 215, passed by voters in 1996, Yamaguchi said the federal Controlled Substances Act made it unlawful to cultivate, distribute or possess marijuana. "California's medical marijuana status has no effect on the applicability of federal drug laws," Yamaguchi said in a Friday press conference. "Although California appears to have decriminalized marijuana ... the federal law governing the distribution, cultivation, and possession of marijuana has not changed," he said. Marijuana activist Dennis Peron, whose San Francisco-based club is targeted by the probe, said he would fight the action in court and, if necessary, with civil disobedience. [continues: 56 lines] *** Subj: US CA: BEE: U.S. Attorney Files Suits To Close Cannabis Clubs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a10.html Source: Sacramento Bee Pubdate: January 10, 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org SAN FRANCISCO - The federal government struck a broad blow against advocates of medical marijuana Friday, moving to shut down six major marijuana dispensaries operating in Northern California. Michael J. Yamaguchi, the U.S. attorney for the Northern District, filed separate civil lawsuits charging the six "cannabis clubs" and 10 of their operators with violating federal drug laws. The suits seek permanent closures of two outlets in San Francisco and others in Oakland, Ukiah, Santa Cruz and Marin County. "The issue is not the medical use of marijuana," Yamaguchi said. "It is the continued violation of federal law." Calling the move a "measured approach," Yamaguchi said the suits stem from an ongoing federal investigation into club activities, and do not rule out the filing of future criminal charges. [continues: 60 lines] *** Heroin Subj: US: PUB OPED: Another Look at Methadone Maintenance URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n025.a01.html Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Thursday, 8 Jan 1998 Last week, Supervisor Gavin Newsom called for changing federal regulations to endorse private physicans' prescribing of methadone to heroin addicts. Newsom is right for many reasons. Endorsing private physician prescription and pharmacy dispensation would allow patients stabilized on methadone to leave the clinic setting, thus freeing up slots for addicts closer to the street who may need more supervision initially. Treatment by private physicians would be cheaper, and would allow patients to lead more normal lives. Citing increased overdose deaths and long waiting lists for treatment, Newsom wants to "start looking at the problem as a medical one." It's about time. Today, less than 20 percent of the nation's heroin addicts are enrolled in methadone maintenance, largely because programs are mired in red tape and regulations, or are inaccessible because of cost or location. In the late 1960s, after working with heroin addicts, Drs. Vincent Dole and Marie Nyswander argued that addiction was a physiological disease. Methadone, it was found, could lessen the physical craving for heroin, and its daily use would enable a patient to stop using heroin and become a productive member of society. According to Dr. Robert Newman of Beth Israel Hospital in New York, the media heralded methadone as a "Cinderella drug" that could be economically applied to hundreds of thousands of addicts, and, in short order, solve the narcotics problem. [continues: 35 lines] *** Hemp News Subj: US NC: Farmers To Debate Hemp URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n030.a08.html Source: The News and Observer Raleigh, North Carolina Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: January 12, 1998 Website: http://www.news-observer.com/daily/ CHARLOTTE - The nation's largest farmers' group is buzzing about hemp production as it meets to hash out stands on pocketbook issues such as property rights, taxes and foreign imports. Delegates to the American Farm Bureau Federation's annual convention, which began Sunday in Charlotte, will revisit a policy statement supporting research into the economic potential of industrial hemp production in the United States. The group has 4.6 million members. Farmers supporting the current policy say they just want to explore a hardy crop that shows promise for use in fibers, fuel and foods. Opponents of hemp production and research are citing the concern of law-enforcement agencies, which say it would be difficult for agents to distinguish between hemp and its cousin, marijuana. [continues: 53 lines] *** Subj: US CA: California Petition Drive Begins to Make Hemp Use Legal URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n030.a02.html Pubdate: Monday, 12 January 1998 Source: (1) San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune (2) The Sacramento Bee (3) San Jose Mercury News Contact: (1) email@example.com (2) firstname.lastname@example.org (3) email@example.com A proposal to legalize the growing of hemp for industrial purposes is the 38th initiative certified to collect voter signatures for a place on California's 1998 general election ballot. The petition drive, which started Friday, must collect verified signatures of 433,269 registered voters by May 18. The proposal by Sam H. Clauder II of Garden Grove would legalize the growing, harvesting, storage and use of hemp for use as a building material or in the production of cloth, paper, fuels and various building materials and industrial chemicals. It contends that California's current ban on hemp, a member of the same plant family as marijuana, prohibits the state from participating in a thriving global market for industrial hemp. It raises the number of initiatives in circulation for the November ballot to 38. Five initiatives are expected to be certified for the June ballot. *** Medical Marijuana Subj: US CA: Wire: Help Sought For Medical Pot Users URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n029.a01.html Source: United Press International Pubdate: Mon, 12 Jan 1998 SACRAMENTO, Jan. 12 (UPI) - State Sen. John Vasconcellos has stepped up his effort to get help for users of medical marijuana. The Santa Clara Democrat held a Capitol news conference today to announce a half-dozen measures to implement Proposition 215, the medical marijuana law approved by 6 million California voters in November 1996. Vasconcellos says he's outraged by state and federal efforts to thwart distribution of marijuana to patients of AIDS, cancer and other diseases who want the drug to ease their pain. He cited the recent U.S. Justice Department closure of northern California cannibis clubs under a federal law that conflicts with Proposition 215 - an action he promises to appeal. The lawmaker also announced plans for a Public Safety Committee "summit" on the distribution issue in hopes of reconciling diverse viewpoints, and new implementing legislation based on the meeting. Vasconcellos promised renewed efforts to move a bill off the Assembly floor that would authorize a three-year University of California study on medical use of the drug. The Senate passed it last year, but it fell short in the Assembly despite support from state Attorney General Dan Lungren. Vasconellos is also asking colleagues to sign a protest letter to President Clinton, and appealing to citizens to do the same. *** Subj: US KY: Galbraith Asks Judges OK Pot As "Natural Remedy" URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n030.a09.html Source: Lexington Herald-Leader Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Monday, January 12, 1998 Website: http://www.kentuckyconnect.com/heraldleader/ Prosecutors in five counties want to put Gatewood Galbraith's marijuana-smoking clients on trial. So, in his inimitably colorful and passionate way, Galbraith plans to seize the initiative and put Kentucky's marijuana laws on trial instead. Galbraith - a Lexington lawyer, occasional gubernatorial candidate and self-proclaimed lover of the weed - has filed a flurry of motions in the criminal cases in Allen, Butler, Clark, Rowan and Trimble counties. He's asking the judges to recognize marijuana as a medicine and "the safest therapeutic substance known to man." Each of Galbraith's clients claims to have cultivated and used marijuana for personal medical use, not for sale to the public. It's illogical to deny people access to a plant that grows naturally in the ground if it can improve their conditions, Galbraith said this week. "If Jack Kevorkian can walk around and dispense his particular brand of medical cure, I don't see why my clients can't use this God-given, all-natural remedy," said Galbraith. [continues: 64 lines] *** The Drug War Subj: US IL: Drug Testing Of Workers Keeps Rising URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n029.a03.html Source: Chicago Sun-Times Pubdate: Jan. 11, 1998 Contact: email@example.com Though it was virtually unheard of 15 years ago, mandatory drug testing in the workplace has spread faster than marijuana smoke at a Grateful Dead concert. Testing requirements now blanket millions of people nationwide - especially job seekers. And technology is improving to the point that it's difficult, if not impossible, for drug users to escape the net of some advanced tests. "It's becoming more accepted and more widespread. And it's still growing," said Daryl G. Grecich, a spokesman for the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace, a pro-testing group in Washington, D.C. The Chicago Police Department is the most recent employer here to crack down on drug users. But the latest sweep isn't in the streets - it's now screened through hair samples, a cutting-edge technology that can extend the reach of a drug test almost 90 times for most substances. [continues: 117 lines] *** Subj: US: FBI Completes Probe Of Fatal Shooting Of Border Teen By Marine URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n028.a04.html Source: Houston Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sat, 10 Jan 1998 Website: http://www.chron.com/content/chronicle/ PECOS (AP) - The FBI has completed its investigation into the fatal shooting of a border teen-ager by a U.S. Marine and forwarded the case to federal civil rights investigators, an FBI spokesman said Friday. The Department of Justice is trying to determine whether there were any civil rights violations during the May 20 shooting of Esequiel Hernandez Jr. in Redford, a rural community about 200 miles southeast of El Paso. "Unless the Department of Justice requires additional information, our investigation is complete," said Terry Kincaid, agent in charge of the FBI office in Midland. Military officials say Cpl. Clemente Banuelos killed Hernandez after the teen-ager began shooting at a four-man Marine team conducting anti-drug surveillance along the Rio Grande. A Presidio County grand jury last year cleared Banuelos and the other three Marines of any wrongdoing in the case. The Justice Department then stepped up its investigation and a federal grand jury in Pecos began hearing from witnesses. Daryl Fields, a U.S. Attorney's spokesman in San Antonio, declined to comment on the case beyond saying the investigation was continuing. *** Subj: US: Clinton Will Require States to Cut Drug Use in Prisons URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n030.a06.html Source: New York Times Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Monday, January 12, 1998 Seeking to cleanse prisons of illegal drugs, the Clinton administration plans to tell the states that they have to determine and report the extent of illicit drug use among their inmates before they can receive more federal money to spend on prisons. The information that the states provide will be used to create a baseline to measure their progress in reducing drugs inside prison, which in turn will qualify them for more federal money. President Clinton is scheduled to sign the directive in the Oval Office on Monday. A draft copy, which is addressed to Attorney General Reno, was provided by a senior administration official who said that it had been circulating in the White House, the Justice Department and other interested agencies for the last month or two. The document reflects a belief within the administration that crimping the supply of drugs in prison will cut the demand for them after the convicts are released. "With more than half the individuals in our criminal justice system estimated to have a substance abuse problem," the draft says, "promoting coerced abstinence within the criminal justice system offers us a unique opportunity to break this cycle of crime and drugs." [continues: 81 lines] *** Subj: US: NYT OPED: There's No Justice In The War On Drugs URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n026.a04.html Source: New York Times Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sun, 11 Jan 1998 STANFORD - Twenty-five years ago, President Richard M. Nixon announced a "War on Drugs." I criticized the action on both moral and expediential grounds in my Newsweek column of May 1, 1972, "Prohibition and Drugs": "On ethical grounds, do we have the right to use the machinery of government to prevent an individual from becoming an alcoholic or a drug addict? For children, almost everyone would answer at least a qualified yes. But for responsible adults, I, for one, would answer no. Reason with the potential addict, yes. Tell him the consequences, yes. Pray for and with him, yes. But I believe that we have no right to use force, directly or indirectly, to prevent a fellow man from committing suicide, let alone from drinking alcohol or taking drugs." That basic ethical flaw has inevitably generated specific evils during the past quarter century, just as it did during our earlier attempt at alcohol prohibition. [continues: 83 lines] *** Subj: US: USA Today: Study Links Drugs To 80% Of Incarcerations URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n027.a04.html Source: USA Today Pubdate: 9 Jan 1998 Contact: email@example.com WASHINGTON - Eighty percent of people behind bars were involved with alcohol or other drugs at the times of the crime, a report says. And, alcohol plays a role in a greater number of violent crimes than crack or powder cocaine, according to the report by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University in New York. The three year study released Thursday found that 1.4 million of the 1.7 million people serving time in the nation's jails and prisons committed crimes while they were high, stole property to buy drugs, have a history of drug or alcohol abuse or are in jail for violating drug or alcohol laws. The 281-page report concludes that criminal activity because of drugs and alcohol is the overwhelming reason the nation's prison population has risen nearly 239% since 1980, when 501,886 people were behind bars. "People think prisons are full of James Cagney types and psychopaths, but they are actually full of alcoholics and drug addicts, and we can deal with that through treatment," says Joseph Califano Jr., president of the center and former secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. [continues: 36 lines] *** International News UK: The Lancet Editorial: Needle-exchange Programmes in the USA: Time To Act Now URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n027.a07.html Source: The Lancet - Volume 351, Number 9096 Pubdate: Sat, 10 Jan 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org One in three of the more than 570,000 AIDS cases reported in the USA since the beginning of the epidemic has been caused, directly or indirectly, by injection drug misuse. Although HIV-infection rates among homosexual men have fallen, rates due to intravenous drug misuse have soared and about half of new HIV infections now can be traced to that source. Those affected are not only the drug misusers infected by contaminated needles but their sexual partners (most of whom have been poor, black, and Hispanic women) and the children of women infected by drug misuse or sexual contact with infected drug misusers. Injection drug misuse is now the leading primary cause of paediatric AIDS. Yet, despite this epidemic, the USA remains one of the few industrialised countries that refuses to provide easy access to sterile syringes. Of the 100 or so US needle-exchange programmes most are small and underfunded, and some are illegal. Most US states still have laws on drug paraphernalia or syringe prescription that make it a crime to give a drug misuser a clean needle. The Clinton Administration now has an opportunity to address this problem. In 1997 the US Congress banned the use of Federal funds for needle-exchange programmes until March 31, 1998, but after that date the legislation allows funding if the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines that exchange programmes are effective in preventing the spread of HIV and do not encourage the use of illegal drugs. But with the deadline fast approaching, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Donna Shalala, has yet to make an official determination, causing AIDS activists to wonder whether the Administration will refuse to endorse needle-exchange programmes out of fear that the step will open the President to the charge that he is "soft on drugs". [continues: 33 lines] *** HOT OFF THE 'NET Peter Gorman on the Art Bell Show High Times' Peter Gorman was interviewed Monday night (1-12) on the Art Bell Show. Art and Peter discuss our failing drug laws. This is a must hear! For anyone who uses RealAudio the following link will take you to the AudioNet archives page where you'll find the link for the 1-12 show. http://ww2.audionet.com/artbell/archive.html#jan98 Those of you who do not yet have the RealAudio software can obtain a free copy of RealPlayer 5.0 at http://www.real.com *** Former NORML Head Launches On-Line Magazine A new on-line journal examining marijuana prohibition is now available on the Internet at http://www.marijuananews.com Former NORML National Director Richard Cowan is heading the project. Cowan calls his new site "a personal newsletter on the cannabis controversies." The site will feature daily updates on marijuana news. *** Second Conference on Pain Management and Chemical Dependency: Evolving Connections January 15-17, 1998, New York City For more information visit the conference site at Imedex http://www.imedex.nl/congresses/inc20.htm Or contact Imedex by e-mail email@example.com *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. Editor: Tom Hawkins, firstname.lastname@example.org Senior Editor: Mark Greer, email@example.com We wish to thank each and every one of our contributors. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org -------------------------------------------------------------------
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