Portland NORML News - Wednesday, January 28, 1998
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Officer Killed In Shootout (It Takes 15 'Oregonian' Reporters To Recap
Yesterday's News About Portland Marijuana Task Force Shootings)
Dons
Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 18:19:38 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US OR: Officer Killed In Shootout
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Phil Smith 
Source: Oregonian, The
Contact: letters@news.oregonian.com
Authors: J. Todd Foster, Stuart Tomlinson
and David Austin of The Oregonian staff
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

OFFICER KILLED IN SHOOTOUT

Peter Farrell, David R. Anderson, Hal Bernton, Eric Gorski, Ashbel S.
Green, Jennifer Bjorhus, Norm Maves, Dana Tims, Dan Hortsch, James Long,
Michele Parente and Pete Schulberg of The Oregonian staff contributed to
this report.

Two others are injured as raid goes horribly wrong in mere seconds, witness says

A Portland policewoman was shot dead and two plainclothes officers were
wounded Tuesday as they raided the home of a self-avowed hater of women and
police.

Colleen Waibel, 44, is the city's first woman officer killed in the line of
duty and appears to be the second in Oregon's history.

She was with at least four other officers in an apparent marijuana raid
when a flurry of armor-piercing rounds from an automatic weapon struck her
in the upper chest and lower abdomen, just above and below her bulletproof
vest. She was dead on arrival at Legacy Emanuel Hospital. The shootings
occurred just before noon inside the front door of a blue, barn-like rental
home at 2612 S.E. 111th Ave.

After a 2 1/2-hour standoff, police fired four or five rounds of tear gas
and advanced on the house with an armored Oregon State Police car.

About 2:30 p.m., Steven Douglas Dons, 37, walked out the front door with a
bullet wound to the chest suffered during the initial fire fight. Police
also hit him in the chest with a nonlethal "beanbag." He was taken to
Oregon Health Sciences University Hospital.

Dons had shed his clothes, apparently because the tear gas had burned his
skin, and was loaded into the ambulance naked.

He has a long criminal history, including violence against Las Vegas police.

Injured were Portland officers Kim Keist, 39, who was in critical condition
at Legacy Emanuel Hospital with gunshot wounds to the chest and arm, and
Sgt. Jim Hudson, 42, who was struck in the hand.

The incident began unfolding at 11:48 a.m., when at least five Portland
officers arrived at the house.

Waibel was in uniform, and Keist and Hudson were in plainclothes - navy
blue windbreakers with "Police" in yellow block letters on the back. All
three wore Kevlar vests. The trio knocked on the front door while at least
two other officers staked out the back door.

They knocked on the door and yelled "Portland police" six times, neighbor
Jason Germany said and police confirmed.

When they got no answer, the officers grabbed a concrete stepping stone and
rammed it three times into the door, bashed it open, and were met with
gunfire in the entryway, said Germany, who watched the incident from his
apartment balcony across the street.

Waibel and Keist were hit immediately. Hudson was hit but returned fire,
allowing other officers to drag both policewomen from the home. Officers
called dispatchers with a "Code 0," meaning an officer down.

Lt. Cliff Madison, a police spokesman, said that although police did not
have a warrant, something inside the house led officers to break down the
door. When asked what that was, Madison refused to comment. The officers
did obtain a warrant six hours after the shooting, Madison said.

Germany, a 23-year-old Army veteran who served in Somalia, said he watched
as what looked to be a routine raid went horribly wrong in seconds. It was
the second time in six months that a Portland officer was fatally shot on
duty. Officer Thomas L. Jeffries died July 21.

Germany saw the officers arrive in a blue truck and strap on protective
vests. He told his wife, "They're doing a bust across the street" and went
to watch. "I thought it would be like watching `Cops' on TV."

Staccato gunfire awakened apartment resident Ivan Smolcic, 53, who has
lived there 12 years.

"It was one after another, boom, boom, boom, like machine gun," Smolcic
said. "I heard yelling, screaming and crying."

Germany said he didn't see flashes but saw smoke drifting out the front
door. "I thought, 'Ambush.' "

He yelled for a 4-year-old neighbor boy who was playing in the street to
run home.

"I saw one male officer pick up the female officer who was injured. He
carried her over his shoulder. He put her down on the grass. She was
rolling around."

The two male officers then pulled Waibel from the house and ran for cover.
They laid her out but did not perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. "Her
head was limp, and I knew she had passed away," Germany said.

A call to grieve

Portland Mayor Vera Katz, outside the Legacy Emanuel Hospital emergency
room, called for the community to grieve for the dead officer and pray for
Keist, who was in surgery until about 5 p.m. Tuesday.

"It's time for this community to ask about the kinds of weapons we allow
people to have," Katz said. "The weapon that was used was very, very
powerful, and it went right through the vest."

Police have not released the types or number of weapons Dons kept.

"There are a lot of people in this community who don't respect human life,
who carry very, very destructive weapons and don't hesitate to use them,
and it's time to have a discussion about that," Katz said.

Said Police Chief Charles Moose, "Our congressional delegation has not been
strong and diligent in their efforts" to limit dangerous weapons.

Moose turned angry when a reporter suggested that police shootings are rare.

"It does happen in Portland, and people who want to pretend this is a farm
town don't know how dangerous a job it is to be a police officer here," he
said.

Dons was alone in the house and apparently lived there with Jeffrey Moore,
who had rented it for $850 a month for about five years, said Anita
Geistlinger, who owns the home. Moore was not involved in the standoff.

Geistlinger didn't know Dons but said Moore worked at Mt. Hood Community
College and never missed a rent check. "He's been a good renter and never
caused me any problems."

Dons was known as a neighborhood smart-aleck but a good employee when he
worked at a nearby Astro gasoline station, 11214 S.E. Division St.

Co-workers, including Astro managers Dave Shaddon and his wife, Shannon,
said Dons didn't bear pressure well and sometimes complained of hearing
voices.

"People were afraid he might come down there and shoot them. But I can't
picture him doing something like this," said Dave Shaddon.

Former co-workers said Dons frequently bragged about the automatic weapons
he could get and how he hated police officers and women.

"He used to say, `Anybody screws with me, they're dead,'O" he said.

Dons' employment application states that he graduated from Aptos (Calif.)
High School, was an airman first class, and lived at least 15 years in Las
Vegas.

Police in Las Vegas said he compiled an arrest record between 1979 and
1993: Two counts of obstructing a police officer and single counts of
resisting arrest, resisting a police officer, battery with a deadly weapon,
using a deadly weapon in the commission of a crime, and being an ex-felon
in possession of a firearm.

"Based on his history, you can pretty much call him a career criminal,"
said Phil Rollins, spokesman for the Las Vegas Metro Police Department.

Dons is under heavy guard at OHSU Hospital, where he is in serious condition.

A sound like firecrackers

Naturopathic physician Thomas Abshier, whose office is near the shooting
scene, heard what he thought were 20 firecrackers. Then, he said, an eerie
quiet enveloped the neighborhood.

Dennis Freitas, an employee of TNCC Construction Co., said, "Then all of a
sudden, boom, boom, boom, (police) came out of the woodwork."

Nearby resident Rick Shipley said the house where the raid occurred is
about 40 feet from the street and appears to be a garage converted to
living space.

Jennifer Freeman, 19, said she was visiting her mother a block away when
she saw an older officer approaching. "He was bawling his head off."

John Beeler, 80, was working in his backyard next door when the shots rang out.

"It sounded like the Fourth of July," he said. "My mouth flew open. I
couldn't really believe what I was seeing."

Said Beeler's companion, Kay Valladao, "That's too close to home for comfort."

Police with the bureau's Special Emergency Reaction Team drove an armored
car to the front of the house after using it to push a blue pickup out of
the way. Using a megaphone, they ordered Dons out.

Seventeen-year veteran

Waibel joined the bureau 17 years ago as a civilian in the records office.
She also was a deputy with the Washington County Sheriff's Office. She is
survived by her husband, Mark Fortner, a sergeant with the bureau's East
Precinct. She has two children.

Fortner had taken a sick day Tuesday and learned about his wife's death at
home. He immediately left for Emanuel.

Noble Keist, a retired Multnomah County sheriff's sergeant who has been
married to Officer Keist since 1986, saw his wife after surgery. She was
still unconscious.

"Her color's good," he said. "She had two rounds inside her body, one of
which is still there.

Officer Keist has been with the bureau 15 years and is a former St. Helens
police officer. In April 1990, she chased a motorist who fled from a
traffic stop. During a scuffle on his front porch, the man grabbed Keist's
gun and used it to wound another policewoman.

Neighbors and citizens who heard about the shooting made a steady stream to
the bureau's East Precinct, bringing food and flowers. By 5:30 p.m., so
many donations had been made that police asked them to stop.

"We appreciate it, but it's overwhelming," said Sgt. Jim Parks. "There
isn't room for it."

"There's going to be a lot of officers coming in here, and none of them
wants to talk at this time. They just want to be alone."

City Commissioner Charlie Hales walked out of the precinct, his suit coat
drooping, looking for words that would make sense.

"It always seems we lose our best," Hales said.

Said Multnomah County Sheriff's Sgt. Brian Martinek: "This is going to send
a shock wave. Police are a close-knit group. . . . We're just recovering
from the Jeffries shooting. Emotionally, this is going to set us way back."

***

Related Story

Kitzhaber cancels
announcement in
wake of shooting
SALEM, Ore. (AP) -
Shootings of Portland
police officers on
Tuesday caused
Gov. John Kitzhaber
to cancel news
conferences set for
Wednesday at which
he was expected to
announce a bid for a
second term as
governor.
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SWAT Team In Portland ('Arizona Republic' Reportedly Runs Photo Of Naked
Bleeding Victim Of Marijuana Task Force Assault Being Hauled Away
On Rear Deck Of State Police Vehicle)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 04:36:06 -0800
From: Paul Freedom (nepal@teleport.com)
Organization: Oregon State Patriots
To: Cannabis Common Law (cannabis-commonlaw-l@teleport.com),
"libnw@circuit.com" (libnw@circuit.com)
Subject: CnbsCL) [Fwd: SWAT Team in Portland]
Sender: owner-cannabis-commonlaw-l@teleport.com

Subject: Re: [Fwd: SWAT Team in Portland]
Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 19:18:37 -0800
From: wolfeyes (wolfeyes@cdsnet.net)
Organization: CWA
To: armrcav@ix.netcom.com
References: 1

Brian A. Cavallo wrote:

> Carl/Jim-
>
> I'm resending the attached. The system seems to be barfed up so
> apologies for the bandwidth if you've already received the post.
>
> Brian
>
> Subject: SWAT Team in Portland
> Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 17:39:39 -0800
> From: "Brian A. Cavallo" (armrcav@ix.netcom.com>
> Organization: ARMRCAV Consulting
> To: wolfeyes@cdsnet.net
> CC: loboazul@bluewolf.com
>
> Carl,
>
> In the Arizona Republic, page A2 today's date, was a photo of a naked
> and bleeding white male on the rear deck of a black vehicle identified
> by the letters State Police. There isn't much in the article but I'll
> attempt to synopsize with the following:
>
> o Drug Investigation resulted in a no knock dynamic entry
> o Officers used excessive force
> o Officers disabled suspect without providing first aid
> o Officers stripped suspect of all clothing
> o Suspect not treated for wounds until three hours later
> o One officer killed and two others were wounded

Hi!

It will be interesting to know if illegal drugs were found. It will be
interesting to know if this was another unsubstantiated anonymous
informant's info that caused a judge to issue a no-knock warrant.

The Supreme Court has ruled that excessive force is a defense to use
deadly force even if there is a crime being committed. In other words,
cops are required to use necessary, but not excessive force when making
an arrest. A suspect subjected to excessive force is justified in
defending his life if he is subjected to excessive force that might
seriously injure or kill him.

If this was another dynamic entry by cops in ninja suits with guns
drawn, the suspect may use the defense that he was in fear for his
life. How does he know it's not another criminal attempting to kill and
rob him? A dynamic entry is a traumatic experience, and has resulted in
the deaths of a number of innocent Americans whose house was blown open
in error.

The cops in this case had better be prepared to provide proof the
suspect had threatened or presented a real threat prior to their
no-knock entry. The fact that a suspect owns one or more guns is not a
defense. Did this suspect ever prove, through prior criminal
records/incidents, that he would probably use lethal force to thwart an
arrest? I don't know enough about the accused to say one way or the
other. But if these cops elected a dynamic entry instead of waiting to
grab this guy as he left his home, and if the suspect had never
demonstrated a willingness to use lethal force to thwart an arrest in
the past, then these cops have a lot of answering to do. So does the
judge who issued the search warrant. Stay tuned.

The usual government spin will be that he did, in fact, use lethal force
to thwart his arrest, and that is prima facie proof that the use of the
dynamic entry was justified. Oh really? How does that account for the
fact one lady cop is dead and two others are wounded? In this case, the
use of dynamic entry probably caused the death and woundings! The use
of unnecessary dynamic entry in Waco is why six ATF agents are dead. As
everyone knows, Koresh could have been detained away from the church.
As everyone knows, the unnecessary use of military tactics in the Weaver
incident directly led to the unnecessary death of Federal Marshall
Degan. Plain clothed agents could have simply driven to the Weaver
cabin, announced that Randy Weaver had to come with them because he
failed to appear on a silly and contrived gun violation, and everyone
connected to the case would still be alive. Randy Weaver had never
demonstrated a prior propensity for violence. There was simply no
excuse for how that attempted arrest was handled.

It is time the cops re-examine the use of dynamic entry. I believe a
complete and honest reassessment will reveal more cops are being killed
and injured during dynamic entries than before they were being used so
extensively -- and indiscreetly. They are using it for almost
everything now, including white collar crimes! The fact is, these cops
get off on the adrenaline rush and, frankly, they enjoy it. As more and
more horror stories of innocents being killed during dynamic entries are
heard, more and more criminals, and non-criminals alike, will be more
and more willing to use lethal force to stop these kinds of brutal and
unreasonable methods of arrest.

In the face of this, look for more and more gun control measures being
enacted in an attempt to disable both guilty and innocent Americans from
being able to defend against dynamic entries. It is a vicious circle.
Too bad we don't have leaders with brains.

Carl F. Worden
Liaison & Intelligence Officer
Southern Oregon Militia
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'Knock And Talk' Method Raises Concerns - Should Police Be More Careful?
(Newscast On Marijuana Task Force Warrantless Break-In By KOIN,
Portland's CBS Affiliate, Quotes One Woman Who Says Task Force Team
That Included Kim Keist Lied About Permission For Search,
Intimidating Her And Detaining Her For Hours, Making It So Her Little Girl
Couldn't Stop Crying)
Yesterday's standoff
Found at http://www.koin.com/

'Knock and Talk' Method Raises Concerns
Should Police Be More Careful?

PORTLAND, Posted 9:29 p.m. January 28, 1998 -
Tuesday's tragic shooting death of a police officer
(full story) is firing up some very heated debates
concerning the cause - and whether it could've
been prevented from happening at all.

Some argue the media was at fault, while others
accuse weak gun-control legislation as being at
the heart of the tragedy.

KOIN-TV reports that within the Portland Police Bureau, the question is
neither one of these. Rather, the focus is on "knock and talk," the
controversial method police use to confront suspected marijuana growers.

The method is controversial because police simply knock on a suspect's door
and, if it opens, talk. KOIN says if the cops strongly suspect marijuana is
there, they ask permission to enter. If the resident refuses, police can
detain him while they get a warrant.

KOIN reports the "knock and talk" method has helped police bust hundreds of
suspects, but many people consider it a tricky roll of the dice.

In the case of Tuesday's shooting, KOIN says many people are arguing whether
the "knock and talk" was the right method of action. Reports say the
officers knew about the possible threat of weapons in the house when they
went to knock on the door.

So, why didn't the officers use a safer approach in this situation?

That's a question that has yet to be answered. But safety isn't the only
concern here. Invasion of privacy is also a concern in the "knock and talk"
issue.
Photo of silhouetted woman
This woman (pictured), who asked to be kept
anonymous, claims to be a victim of "knock and
talk." Officers suspected she was growing
marijuana, then tried to convince her to let them
search her house without a warrant.

She refused.

She told KOIN police surrounded her house,
detained her for hours and were so intimidating
her little girl couldn't stop crying.

Police did find a marijuana plant, but the charges
were dismissed. Officer Kim Keist, the same one
wounded in Tuesday's shooting, was there during the raid. Keist was cleared
of any wrongdoing.

In a 1996 deposition, KOIN reports Keist provided valuable insight into the
Marijuana Task Force. She said the unit does a minimum of 10 "knock and
talks" a week and finds no evidence of marijuana in half the cases.

Does that mean police over-react to tips?

Keist told KOIN they get information from a variety of sources, but
admitted, "there isn't any specific guidelines on when to do a 'knock and
talk' investigation. Basically you're allowed to do a 'knock and talk'
investigation on all cases."

Police argue that gives investigators freedom to pursue their instincts
based on the evidence.

But many others say police sometimes go too far.

Related Stories:

Jan. 28: Shooting Sparks Gun Control Issue
Jan. 28: City Mourns Officer's Death
Jan. 27: Katz and Moose Respond to Tragedy
Jan. 27: Police Officer Fatally Shot

Join our discussion:
How do you think the local media covers breaking news?

Compiled by Channel 6000 Staff
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Desk Veteran Hit Streets With Enthusiasm ('The Oregonian' Portrays Cop
With Portland Marijuana Task Force Who Was Fatally Shot Tuesday)

The Oregonian, January 28, 1998

DESK VETERAN HIT STREETS WITH ENTHUSIASM

Colleen Waibel, Shot To Death Tuesday, Spent 20 Years In Law Enforcement,
The Past Six As A Sworn Officer

By Pete Farrell of The Oregonian staff

Portland Police Bureau Officer Colleen Waibel, 44, spent years in police
desk jobs before hitting the streets six years ago.

Waibel liked street patrol work and took on a neighborhood liaison
assignment with the East Precinct. She was helping a drug and vice task
force with a raid Tuesday when she died from fire from an automatic weapon.

Waibel had been in law enforcement about 20 years, starting with the
Washington County sheriff's department before joining the Portland Police
Bureau to work in the records division. After 11 years in that job, she
became a sworn officer six years ago.

She was married to Sgt. Mark Fortner of East Precinct, who had taken a sick
day Tuesday and was notified at home about his wife's death. She had two
sons by a previous marriage.

Colleen Waibel's parents live in Hillsboro. She came from a large
Washington County family that includes reporter Janice Waibel of KPTV (12),
who is the dead officer's first cousin.

As an officer in Portland, Colleen Waibel was known for being active in
neighborhood matters and had been a responsive neighborhood liaison officer
in the Madison South neighborhood in the area around Rocky Butte.

"She was a wonderful person, and I don't know how to describe how much it
hurts this time," said Rosanne Lee, East Precinct crime prevention
specialist, who had worked with Waibel in her earlier assignments and saw
her often at East Precinct, where Lee has her office.

After a condolence visit to East Precinct, where officers did not want to
be interviewed, City Commissioner Charlie Hales said he could only repeat
what he had been told: "She was hard-working, diligent, loved her work.
Always ready to do her job."

Early in her career, Waibel worked as a secretary to Washington County
Sheriff Bud Barnes. One officer who met her when he joined the department
in 1975 remembered her Tuesday as upbeat and easygoing.

"She was friendly and real hard-working," he said. "And as far as I know,
she was very capable."

Waibel grew up on a farm in a rural area outside Hillsboro. One of her
cousins works for the Cornelius Fire Department. Janice Waibel was covering
the story of the shooting for KPTV when her office learned the identity of
the dead officer. Waibel called her mother to make sure she knew what had
happened, learned that the family had been notified, and then went back to
covering the shooting. "She wanted to stay on the story" despite being
upset, said John Sears, the station's news director.

Colleen Waibel started working for the sheriff's office in the mid-1970s
and stayed for about five years. She was leaving, she told friends at the
time, to take a job in the Portland Police Bureau's records department.

A friend from the sheriff's office unexpectedly ran into Waibel and her
husband last summer in Frenchglen, the remote high desert burg near Steens
Mountains in Harney County. Waibel and her husband apparently were on a car
trip through the area and stopped for the night at the Frenchglen Hotel and
had dinner with her old Washington County friend and his wife.

"She said that probably 10 years ago she started trying to get on patrol,"
said the friend, who asked not to be identified. "She liked patrol."

David Anderson, Jim Long and Don Hamilton of The Oregonian staff also
contributed to this report.
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City Mourns Officer's Death - Flags Fly At Half-Staff
(Partial Drug-War Body Count By KOIN, Portland's CBS Affiliate,
Occasioned By Marijuana Task Force's Warrantless
Break-In Yesterday)
Flag on Fremont Bridge in Portland
Found at http://www.koin.com/

City Mourns Officer's Death
Flags Fly at Half-staff

PORTLAND, Updated 12:43 p.m. January 28, 1998 -
Flags are flying at half-staff today as the city
grieves the loss of a police officer. Colleen Waibel,
44, was the first female officer in the state to be
killed in the line of duty. She was shot to death in
a stand-off yesterday afternoon in southeast
Portland. (Full Story).

Waibel, pictured below, was a 17-year veteran. Her
last six years were spent on patrol, according to KOIN-TV. Her husband,
Sgt. Mark Fortner, is also with the Portland Police Bureau.

Another female officer, 39-year-old Kim Keist remains in intensive care at
Legacy Emanuel Hospital. She is listed in serious but stable condition. A
hospital spokeswoman says Keist lost a kidney, and is suffering from
injuries to her liver, intestines and stomach from multiple gunshot wounds.
She is on a respirator, but is expected to be taken off the breathing device
later today.
Waibel
Officer James Hudson was also shot in the incident.
He suffered a gunshot wound to the hand, but
continued to work at the scene after the shooting.

Meanwhile, police are still working at the scene of
the shoot-out. KOIN's Sandy James reports police
are wrestling with their grief as they comb the blue
barn-like house for information surrounding the
incident.

Trust funds have been set up at U.S. Bank for the
family of Colleen Waibel and for the injured officer,
Kim Keist. You can make a donation at any U.S. Bank
branch to trust funds in their names.

Previous story:

Katz and Moose Respond to Tragedy

Opinion:
How do you think the local media covers breaking news?

Lisa Morrison, Channel 6000 Staff Writer
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Suspect Is Said To Hate Police, Scorn Women (Characteristically,
'The Oregonian' Investigates Allegations Against The Accused While Ignoring
Those Made Against Police In Portland's Marijuana Task Force
By Previous 'Knock And Talk' Victims)

The Oregonian January 28, 1998

Suspect is said to hate police, scorn women

Former Co-workers Say Steven Douglas Dons Also Bragged About His Criminal
History And His Access To Guns

By Stuart Tomlinson of The Oregonian staff

Former co-workers said Steven Douglas Dons bragged a lot, broke easily
under pressure and appeared at times to hear voices.

Others described 37-year-old Dons, accused of killing a Portland police
officer and wounding two others Tuesday, as a man who liked to boast about
how "well connected" he was when it came to procuring handguns or machine
guns. He also commented on how he hated police and didn't respect women.

"He said he could get me anything I wanted - 9-millimeter, machine gun, you
name it," said Dave Shaddon, station manager at Astro Gas and Carwash at
Southeast Division Street and 112th Avenue, less than a block from the
scene of Tuesday's shooting.

The station hired Dons in May 1995 as a pump attendant for $4.75 an hour
and promoted him six months later to assistant manager at $6.75 an hour.

"He was a big mouth . . . kind of a know-it-all," Shaddon said. "But he
worked out fine. . . . They wanted him to be a manager."

By February 1996, Dons was promoted to manager and transferred to the Astro
station at Northwest 21st Avenue and Marshall Street, where he earned about
$12.50 an hour plus commissions.

He quit that job after a month, Shaddon said, because he said he just
didn't like it.

In the months after he quit, Dons would stroll by the Division Street
station, drop in and chat with Shaddon and his crew. He occasionally asked
Shaddon to hire him back.

Other times, the talk turned to guns or a boast about Dons' criminal
history, which included arrests in Las Vegas, including some charges of
resisting or obstructing police.

During Tuesday's standoff, Portland police asked Shaddon to stand by in
case they needed him to talk with Dons by phone, but Shaddon's services
never were needed.

Instead, Shaddon and his co-workers fielded phone calls from worried Astro
managers, juggled school pickup times for their children, and chain-smoked
cigarettes while Tuesday's drama played out.

When the shooting started, they were close enough to hear the gunshots and
see the smoke from the gunpowder.

"We heard a bunch of popping - it was a ripping sound," said one Astro pump
attendant, Francis Stewart. "You know the sound a whole pack of
firecrackers makes - it was like that."

Moments later, a swarm of police cars descended on the station, blocking
traffic and closing the business.

Until Shaddon walked across Division Street to buy fried chicken for
co-workers, less than an hour after the shootings occurred, he had no idea
his former employee was the man police said had shot three officers.

"I can't believe it. . . . I know this guy," Shaddon told his workers,
huddling in the small brick office of the large yellow and blue station as
camouflaged police officers patrolled nearby.

Shaddon's wife, Shannon, an assistant manager at the station, said Dons
frequently commented on how much he hated police and that women should be
barefoot and pregnant.

"I didn't like him at all," she said. "He didn't think women should be
working. He didn't have any respect for women."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Live TV Coverage Angers City, Police Officials ('The Oregonian' Notes
KATU, KGW, KOIN And KPTV Are Accused Of Broadcasting Police Positions
During Standoff Following Portland Marijuana Task Force Assault -
Police Chief Moose Apparently Doesn't Care About Stations' Past Favors
In Not Covering His Son's Bust For Crack Cocaine)

The Oregonian
January 28, 1998

Live TV coverage angers city, police officials

Police Chief Charles Moose Accuses Local Stations Of Endangering Police
With Aerial Shots Of Their Positions

By Pete Schulberg of The Oregonian staff

Saying that live television coverage Tuesday afternoon endangered police
officers by showing strategic positions during the Southeast Portland
standoff, city officials are seeking to crack down on news helicopters.

"You put our officers in danger and continued to do that," said a livid
Portland police Chief Charles Moose, whose comments were broadcast live
following the standoff.

The police shooting and 2 1/2-hour standoff were carried live throughout
the afternoon by KATU (2), KGW (8), KOIN (6) and KPTV (12).

During the siege, much of the video originated from helicopters whose
stabilizing, long-lens cameras showed police special response team
positions and other police activity.

"It's time to call them on it and make them have some sense of
responsibility," said Jeffrey L. Rogers, attorney for the city of Portland.

Police were concerned that the suspect, Steven Douglas Dons, 37, was
watching TV and able to see officers surrounding his house.

Several times during the siege, commanders at the scene radioed 9-1-1
dispatchers and asked them to call TV stations to move back helicopters and
stop showing live shots of police moving into position.

Dons, who had been shot in the initial contact with police, came to the
door of his house after either seeing on TV or hearing on radio that an
Oregon State Police armored vehicle had driven to his doorstep.

Rogers has been asked by Sam Adams, chief of staff for Mayor Vera Katz, to
determine if the city has any legal recourse to limit live telecasts from
crime scenes.

"Every time the police asked us to do something, we'd pull away," said John
Sears, KPTV news director, echoing his competition. "Nobody wants to have a
SWAT officer shot by a suspect who is watching their news."

Mike Rausch, KGW news director, said, "We are very aware of our role in the
safety of police officers and did not overstep any journalistic bounds to
get the story." KGW started the local TV chopper competition when it
introduced "Sky 8" three years ago.

During the coverage, Adams called general managers at Portland's stations
to express his dissatisfaction. While station executives said they were
complying with police requests, video of officers on the ground was shown.

Following Moose's angry denunciation, KATU anchorman Paul Linnman told
viewers, "Our helicopters went out (away from the scene) when they were
ordered to do so; our reporters stayed back. We played by the rules
bringing you this story."

Portland police officers had called for a Federal Aviation Administration
regulation which requires aircraft to steer clear of airspace above an
emergency situation on the ground.

"We comply with all regulations," said Kerry Oslund, KOIN news director.
"We would welcome an investigation. We have our obligations, too."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

More Equality In Ranks Brings With It More Risks ('Oregonian' Article
On Equal Opportunity Prompted By Fatal Shooting Tuesday Of Woman Cop
In Portland's Marijuana Task Force)

The Oregonian, January 28, 1998

More equality in ranks brings with it more risks

Portland Has Long Been In The Vanguard When It Comes To Women Police
Officers, And That's Been Both Good And Bad

By Erin Hoover of The Oregonian staff

In the world of law enforcement, they generally are not called ladies. They
are sometimes called women. But more often, they are called females.

Female police officers' approaches to their work are no doubt as varied as
any other group's. But some women in policing will tell you that success
has meant finding a balance between being a woman and behaving like a man.

" 'Female' is a gender. 'Woman' is gender plus a sense of femininity, and
we have a tendency to put a certain amount of our femininity in the locker
when we put on the uniform," said Det. Sgt. Erin Kelley, a cop for 25
years, 21 of those with the Portland Police Bureau.

Women have strode closer and closer to equality with men in policing since
this nation's first woman police officer was hired - Lola Baldwin, at the
Portland Police Bureau in 1905 to keep employment-seeking young ladies out
of the hands of madams.

No longer are female officers expected to work in a Women's Protective
Division wearing dresses and donning hats and gloves when they leave the
office, their Smith & Wessons tucked in their purses, as they did in the
1960s in Portland.

Now women populate virtually every department in urban police bureaus,
including the SWAT teams - or the Special Emergency Reaction Team - though
not always in front-line roles.

In the Portland Police Bureau, 16.2 percent of the 964 sworn personnel are
women. Of the bureau's criminalists, 23.5 percent are women, 17.1 percent
of the sergeants are women, 7.7 percent of the lieutenants are women, and
one of the three assistant police chiefs - Lynnea Berg - is a woman.

Penny Harrington, who spent 23 years as a Portland Police officer, became
Portland Police chief in 1985, the first woman police chief of a major
metropolitan police department. She served 18 months before resigning.

But along with the pride of getting closer to equality among the ranks of
police have come more women officers in the line of fire.

On Tuesday, a Portland Police officer became the bureau's first woman to be
shot and killed in the line of duty.

Colleen Waibel, 44, was also one of the first women officers killed in the
line of duty in Oregon.

Alice Mae Moran, a matron with the Josephine County Sheriff's Office, was
killed in the line of duty on Nov. 17, 1971, according to Craig W. Floyd,
chairman of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund in
Washington, D.C. Matrons were generally women who handled women prisoners
in the jails, Floyd said. He was unable to say how she died.

Nationally, 119 women officers have been killed in the line of duty, from
gunshot or stab wounds, traffic accidents or other causes, since the end of
1997, Floyd said. He said of the 700,000 federal, state and local law
enforcement officers, 10 percent are women.

Tuesday's shooting in Southeast Portland also injured another woman
officer, Kim Keist, 39 - and two male officers - marking only the second
time a female Portland Police officer has been shot and not killed. Jeanne
L. Stevenson, 28, was shot in the leg in 1990 during the arrest of a
drunken-driving suspect.

And with the honor of approaching equality in life comes the recognition of
equality in death:

"It was a loss of an officer," said Kelley. "It doesn't matter to me if it
was male or female, black, white, Hispanic or Asian. It was an officer in a
blue uniform."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Shooting Sparks Gun-Control Issue - Firearms Flow Despite Checks And Bans
(KOIN, Portland's CBS Affiliate, Tries To Focus Public Attention Away From
Issue Of Whether Tuesday's Warrantless Break-In By Marijuana Task Force
Was Justified By The Evidence, Or Whether Police Lied About Smelling Pot
Burning In Fireplace, Which Would Disqualify Any Evidence About Guns
Or Anything Else, And Expose Police To Civil Lawsuits And Indictments,
And District Attorney To Appeals Regarding Hundreds Of Convictions
And Forfeitures Predicated On Similar Police Testimony)
Man w/gun
Found at http://www.koin.com/

Shooting Sparks Gun-Control Issue
Firearms Flow Despite Checks and Bans

PORTLAND, Posted 7:54 p.m. January 28, 1998 - The
firepower that exists in the homes and cars of
millions of Americans is a major fear for many police
officers.

KOIN-TV reports in the last decade, new laws may
have reduced the supply of certain weapons, but
hundreds of thousands of them still exist.

KOIN reports it was an automatic weapon, in the
hands of a drug suspect, that killed one officer and wounded two others
in Tuesday's stand-off (full story).

Though a ban on the manufacture of automatic weapons and rifles may have put
a dent in the flow of the firepower, KOIN reports there are still an
enormous amount of them that are bought and sold in private deals and at gun
shows.

Tuesday's tragedy is opening the eyes of many local politicians -- forcing
many to re-evaluate Oregon's gun-control laws.

"I think we have failed the people of Oregon and of this nation in the fact
that we are still allowing these dreadful weapons to be in the hands of
criminals," Rep. Elizabeth Furse (D-Oregon) told KOIN. "There is no reason
for anyone to carry a weapon like that."

Less than 24 hours after the shooting, lawmakers on Capitol Hill were
already talking about another push for stronger legislation on weapons of
all kinds.

In Salem, the talk is the same. Aides to the governor say Kitzhaber
has been interested in tightening
restrictions on weapon sales at gun shows.
Frank Shields
Among those likely to carry the ball - State
Representative Frank Shields (pictured). He's
already been talking to the constituents in
the district where the shooting occurred.

"I think it was a time bomb waiting to explode,"
Shields told KOIN. "The time is right to
re-examine the issue."

Right now in Oregon, handgun buyers must pass
what's known as the "insta-check." It's a
thumbprint comparison with all other felons.
Lawmakers want to extend the checks to gun
shows.

But more restrictions may face more opposition by the powerful gun lobby.
John Hellen of Oregon Gun Owners believes no form of legislation would've
stopped Tuesday's shooting.

"Bottom line is this man apparently had a penchant toward criminal
activity," Hellen said. "He also had no apparent problem in using his weapon
against a police officer. So he was hell-bent on doing what he felt like
doing in the first place. No amount of legislation is going to control that
sort of criminal mind."

Oregon Gun Owners say there's plenty of restrictions on guns - but simply
not enough common sense and law enforcement to put criminals behind bars
before they kill.

Kitzhaber is expected to get together with lawmakers and legislators to
address this issue next month.

Discussion:
Should Oregon tighten up its gun control laws? If so, how restrictive should
they be? Speak out on this volatile issue.

Compiled by Channel 6000 Staff
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Neighbors Protest Arrival Of Clinic For Addicts ('The Oregonian' Says
Some Residents Of Buckman Area In Inner Southeast Portland
Don't Want Delta Methadone Clinic At 2600 SE Belmont)
Link to earlier story
Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 18:19:15 -0800 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US OR: Neighbors Protest Arrival of Clinic for Addicts Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Newshawk: "The Furnace Room" Source: Oregonian, The Contact: letters@news.oregonian.com Author: John Snell of The Oregonian staff Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 NEIGHBORS PROTEST ARRIVAL OF CLINIC FOR ADDICTS Buckman residents complain they should have been told a methadone center was moving in, and threaten to take legal action Jack Bogdanski got new around Christmastime. But he's hardly calling on Welcome Wagon to greet them. In fact, the professor at Northwestern School of Law is part of an organized group of Buckman residents that a Delta methadone clinic opened at 2600 S.E. Belmont St. without first notifying neighbors. The clinic moved in Dec. 15 and replaces a Delta company clinic that operated in the Hollywood neighborhood for six years. Methadone, which is dispensed as a syrup, is used to help heroin addicts recover. It can satisfy addictive cravings without leaving addicts in a narcotic stupor. Methadone clinics are frequently a cause for alarm in the neighborhoods where they are located. "The main complaint we have is there is no public process to bring this in," said Bogdanski, a professor of tax law. "If they wanted to sell beer there, they'd have to post a notice. It's done with alcohol -- it's done with child care, for crying out loud. "But on methadone clinics, there's nothing required at all. We're left with taking to the sidewalks and in the courts." Buckman residents are doing both. Bogdanski said an attorney has been retained to find a way to fight the clinic, while neighbors conduct regular pickets. The people at Delta clinic say they are dismayed. "We weren't secretive about this," said clinic owner Bertie Wright. "We've got all the permits and we were here working before we opened. We're not the villain. We didn't' sneak over here." Many neighbors, however, said they didn't know anything until the clinic opened. Experts say methadone is the most successful medical means of treating the physical side of heroin addiction. Still, the psychological factors behind behaviors that lead to addiction often remain. Authorities estimate that only 10 percent to 20 percent of the people treated with methadone will remain drug-free over the long term. Even so, a panel from the National Institutes of Health last year strongly recommended that methadone's use be expanded and that most state and federal regulations governing its use be eliminated. The NIH estimates that 115,000 of the country's 600,000 heroin addicts are receiving methadone. Delta was unsuccessful last year in trying to move the Hollywood clinic to Southeast 35th Avenue and Powell Boulevard. That location would have allowed Delta to provide methadone to more addicts, as well as offer more parking and better access to public transit. Wright said Delta went to the Creston-Kenilworth neighborhood first, hoping to find support. It found opposition instead -- much like it's finding now -- and eventually state Attorney General Hardy Myers said that location would violate a state law prohibiting methadone clinics within 1,000 feet of a school or licensed day-care center. The proposed site was across the street from the Parry Center for Children, a 24-hour center for disturbed youths. Bogdanski said he thought the site in the Buckman area is close to being within 1,000 feet of a private high school. "If this is more than 1,000 feet from Central Catholic, it's under 1,100, I'll tell you that," he said. "We're getting out the tape measure." Sylvia McGauley of the Buckman Community Association said residents were trying to hire a surveyor to check whether any part of the clinic is within 1,000 feet of Central Catholic. At City Hall, officials said the city doesn't really regulate the siting of methadone clinics, so it's staying out of the dispute. "The zoning code treats a clinic as a clinic as a clinic," said Jillian Detweiler, an aide to commissioner Charlie Hale's office. "There's no difference between a methadone clinic and a chiropractor's office" under the zoning code, and no requirement to notify neighbors before either opens for business. In Salem, Toni Phipps, who heads the Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs, said Delta was within the letter of state regulations when it opened without notifying its neighbors. "If the local officials say that there is no requirement beyond that of a chiropractor's office, that is sufficient for us," she said. "But come on. I think the provider should have exercised some common sense here and tried to hold some forum with these people and make an attempt to answer some of their concerns. "We don't regulate common sense. If we did, I'd knock their heads together." Phipps said it might be necessary to start requiring clinics to give notice before opening. "Rules usually get implemented because of one sour apple in the bunch," she added. "There's probably some room here where we can tighten it up a bit." Phipps said the only state requirement now is that clinic operators affirm in writing that they are not within 1,000 feet of a school or day-care center. The whole issue of methadone clinics could become moot in a few years. The Food and Drug Administration is expected this spring to approve another synthetic opiate, buprenorphine, which is also effective in treating heroin but lacks some of methadone's problems. It isn't addictive, it's in pill form, and if it receives FDA approval, doctors could dispense it from their offices. Meanwhile, Bogdanski that inner Southeast Portland is becoming home to more than its share of agencies and organizations that deal with society's biggest problems. "The St. Francis Church soup kitchen feeds homeless people," he said. "That is in the Buckman neighborhood and that is a magnet now that Baloney Joe's is closed. I'm not arguing that it's a bad facility, but it's there. "There are a number of runaway youth shelters in the neighborhood. I think they do a great job, but they're here," Bogdanski said. "My hat is off to the Harry's Mother people, who have homes in this neighborhood. And the St. Francis soup kitchen. They're doing wonderful work. But they're here." The clinic is factored in, along with a shelter for homeless men that will open soon near the east end of the Hawthorne Bridge, and the possibility of a home for gang-affected youth that may be located near Colonel Summers Park, gets to be too much, Bogdanski said. McGauley agreed, saying, "We're all extremely supportive of social services, but in this city there is no equitable distribution of high-impact social services." "Nobody wants this stuff," Bogdanski said. "The Buckman neighborhood has to wake up. "I had no interest in neighborhood politics until Dec. 23, when I found out the Delta clinic showed up two blocks from my house," he said. he wonders why it seems as if so many social services are in his neighborhood rather than on Portland's westside. "There is a real fairness issue going on," he said.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Oakland Against Closing Pot Clubs ('San Francisco Examiner' Briefly Notes
Tuesday's Vote By Oakland City Council Opposing Federal Lawsuits
Against California Medical Marijuana Dispensaries)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 13:14:35 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: Oakland Against Closing Pot Clubs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Examiner
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

OAKLAND AGAINST CLOSING POT CLUBS

Oakland - The Oakland City Council voted unanimously to approve a resolution
opposing federal lawsuits aimed at shutting down cannabis clubs in Northern
California.

The city's resolution, adopted Tuesday, rebukes the Clinton
administration's crusade against California cannabis clubs, including clubs
in Oakland and San Francisco.

The resolution says the lawsuit filed by U.S. Attorney Michael Yamaguchi
earlier this month to close six Northern California cannabis clubs
threatens the health of medicinal pot users and encourages "street
narcotics peddlers to sell cannabis to Oakland's ill citizens."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Congress Review Of Legalizing Pot Sought ('Santa Rosa Press Democrat'
Says Mendocino County Board Of Supervisors On Tuesday Unanimously
Became First In California To Call On Congress To Conduct Hearings)

Date: Mon, 2 Feb 1998 12:26:02 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: Congress Review of Legalizing Pot Sought
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Contact: pdletters@aol.com
Website: http://www.pressdemo.com/news.html
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998
Author: Mike Geniella, Press Democrat Staff Writer

CONGRESS REVIEW OF LEGALIZING POT SOUGHT

UKIAH -- Citing 30 years of failed state and federal anti-marijuana
campaigns, the Mendocino County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday became the
first in California to call on Congress to conduct special hearings toward
legalization of pot.

"Government agencies have spent millions and millions of dollars trying to
eradicate marijuana, with the only clear result being escalating prices
that attract more and more growers,'' groused Board Chairman John Pinches.

Before a unanimous vote, Pinches and other board members complained Tuesday
that while government agencies bankroll their war against marijuana, they
do little to combat escalating manufacture and use of dangerous drugs like
methamphetamine. County drug officials told board members Tuesday that
methamphetamine use on the North Coast is running more than 80 percent
higher than the statewide average.

The board-approved letter to Rep. Frank Riggs, R-Windsor, asks him to
follow through on a past pledge to seek special congressional hearings on
marijuana issues if county supervisors sought them.

"Due to the millions of dollars spent on eradication efforts against
marijuana, this board is urging your support to move forward and seek a
congressional hearing on the issues surrounding legalization of
marijuana,'' according to the letter.

Riggs was unavailable for comment Tuesday on his willingness to seek the
special congressional hearings the county board wants.

Tuesday's vote was the first by a county board of supervisors in what's
generally considered to be California's premium pot-growing region.
Mendocino County consistently is among the state's top marijuana producers,
despite years of state and federal campaigns against pot growers. One
result has been escalating prices, leading some experts to estimate that
the value of Mendocino's annual pot production could total nearly $1
billion.

In a second unanimous vote relating to marijuana issues, board members also
passed a resolution calling on local law enforcement and prosecutors to
spend no more time or money on medical marijuana-related cases until state
or federal agencies provide ""clear guidelines.'' It also expressed support
for the Ukiah Cannabis Buyers Club as long as the club operates under
guidelines of Proposition 215.

The board acted in response to federal prosecutors' moves to obtain court
orders shutting down cannabis clubs in California. Federal authorities
contend that federal law supercedes Proposition 215, a statewide initiative
approved by voters in 1996, allowing marijuana use for medicinal purposes.

The board's Proposition 215 vote was endorsed by a group of cancer and
HIV-related patients, who said smoking pot alleviates some of their
suffering.

"The people of this state have made their views known. Why can't the
federal government accept that?'' asked Michael Hooper.

Pinches, a Republican candidate for state Senate, was outspoken in his
support for both actions.

"We need to attack these issues at every level we can. The state and
federal governments must come to recognize the incredible impacts of their
marijuana policies on the local level,'' said Pinches.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

San Francisco Drug Smuggler Sentenced To Prison ('Examiner' Says
23-Year-Old Woman Clothes Designer Gets 11 Years In Greek Prison
For 12 Ounces Of Turkish Heroin)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 13:17:38 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: S.F. Drug Smuggler Sentenced To Prison
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Examiner
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

S.F. DRUG SMUGGLER SENTENCED TO PRISON

KOMMOTINI, GREECE -- A 23-year-old San Francisco woman was sentenced to
11-1/4 years in prison Wednesday for smuggling 12-1/4 ounces of Turkish
heroin into Greece.

Laura Paige Van Maanen, a clothes designer, was convicted and sentenced on
the same day by a three-member appeals court. The court also ordered her to
pay an $18,000 fine.

Van Maanen was arrested May 19 on a train headed from Istanbul, Turkey, to
Athens, after police discovered she was traveling on a forged Liberian
passport.

Police later discovered she had swallowed a number of rubber capsules
containing heroin. She told the court she was headed for the Netherlands
and that the heroin was for her own use.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Drug Test The Pols (Letter To Editor Of 'San Francisco Chronicle'
Pans Davis's Call For Student Drug Testing, Proposes Candidates Be Tested
For Alcohol, Caffeine, Tobacco, Prescribed Drugs)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 01:55:01 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Drug Test The Pols
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Chronicle
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

DRUG TEST THE POLS

Editor -- In the wake of this absurd war on drugs, including unconscionable
acts to deny the sick the medicine they need, it appears that Gray Davis
has jumped on the bandwagon in his quest for votes (Chronicle, January 21,
``Democratic Hopeful Davis Calls for Student Drug Tests'').

I can think of hundreds of ways $1 million could be better spent in
California than drug testing high school students. I propose we test all
gubernatorial candidates for drugs to see what makes them tick -- alcohol,
caffeine, tobacco and prescribed drugs, I would guess.

Are you listening, Dan Lungren?

MICHAEL BAUCE

Berkeley
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Programs, Not Prisons (Letter To Editor Of 'Contra Costa Times' Urges Support
For California Bills Introduced By Senators Rainey And Lockyer To Send
Non-Violent Inmates To Community-Based Drug Treatment, Work Programs -
State Prison Population Up 555 Percent Since 1980)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 01:56:53 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Programs, Not Prisons
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: Contra Costa Times
Contact: cctletrs@netcom.com
Website: http://www.hotcoco.com/index.htm
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

PROGRAMS, NOT PRISONS

I am writing in support of Sen. Richard Rainey, R-Walnut Creek, and Sen.
Bill Lockyer, D-Hayward, who each have bills pending in the Legislature to
reform the way the state now handles non-violent inmates.

People are asking that our cities be made safer. Crime rates will not
decrease with the judicial system as it is.

The real problem is 80 percent of inmates are substance abusers (alcohol,
crack, heroin, and so on). The system is a revolving door for repeat
offenders.

The state prison population has grown by an outrageous 555 percent since 1980.

Released inmates return to the life they once knew -- no job, money, or
support system. They do not stay clean and sober, hence the "revolving
door."

We do not need more prisons. We need more community-based programs, such as
drug-treatment facilities and work programs.

Overcrowding is allowing violent, dangerous felons to be released early. An
example would be releasing a child-molester to make room for a non-violent
drug user.

Get these substance abusers in programs and turn their lives around.

Help them become productive, stable, tax-paying, law-abiding citizens.

Write your governor and legislators. Don't spend our tax dollars building
more prisons. Stop the revolving door.

Sandra Caves-Gonzales
Hercules
-------------------------------------------------------------------

January 31, 12-4 pm Meeting (Unity Sought In Seattle
For 1998 Washington State Medical Marijuana Initiative)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 12:27:27 -0800
From: Allison Bigelow 
Reply-To: whc@CNW.COM
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: January 31, 12-4pm meeting
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Hi all,

I have been asked to post a notice about an upcoming meeting
that is being sponsored by Medical Marijuana Now, PAC.

In an effort to bring everyone together for a policy discussion on
crafting a 1998 Medical Marijuana Initiative for Washington State, a
meeting has been called. All are welcome to attend, and help out. It
will be held Saturday January 31, 1998 from noon to 4:00pm at the
Seattle Central Community College, 4th Floor Room 4171 (enter on
Broadway entrance). For more information about this meeting call
322-2333. It is hoped to form a strong coalition of community support,
with all deciding to back ONE med mj initiative.

Please attend this important meeting if you can.

Sincerely,
Allison Bigelow
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Pot Deal Leads To Arrest ('Bainbridge Review' Notes Westnet Task Force Busts
Bainbridge Island, Washington, Woman For Selling $400 Worth Of Cannabis,
Forfeiting Her Van - Call 1-800-585-TIPS To Narc On Marijuana Offenders)

Date: Mon, 2 Feb 1998 14:46:02 -0800 (PST)
From: bc616@scn.org (Darral Good)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: Re: Pot Bust
Reply-To: bc616@scn.org
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

POT DEAL LEADS TO ARREST
Bainbridge Review
Wednesday, January 28, 1998

Shasta Swanson, 42, of Bainbridge Island was arrested last week on
charges of delivering marijuana to an undercover detective.

Detective Denise Curtain of WESTNET, a multicounty drug enforcement
agency, said Swanson sold marijuana in quantities ranging from a half ounce to
an ounce to an undercover detective several times over the past eight weeks.

"There were multiple purchases involved," Curtain said.

"A detective arrested Swanson Wednesday after she sold $400 of marijuana
to the undercover officer at Ted Olsen Nature Preserve on Winters Road,"
Curtain said. During a search of Swanson's van, detectives said they located
the money used to buy the marijuana, more than $500 in cash and over an ounce
of marijuana.

Swanson, who called the Review after her arrest, said she pleaded not
guilty on Friday to two charges of delivering a controlled substance. She
said she was released from jail after she posted $2500 bond Thursday morning.

In a lengthy interview, Swanson said she believes using marijuana should
not be illegal.

"The U.S. war on drugs turns people like me who are not criminals into
criminals because the premise (of the law) is in error," Swanson said. "The
premise says marijuana is bad and harmful - and therefore illegal."

Swanson said she has set up a defense fund at a local bank for
contributions to help pay her legal expenses.

"Detectives also seized Swanson's van during the arrest," Curtain said.

"Transporting and selling drugs out of the car usually involve forfeiture
of the vehicle," she said.

WESTNET is a regional narcotics task force funded by the U.S. Department
of Justice covering Kitsap and Mason counties. The group asks concerned
citizens with information about marijuana growers, drug dealers and related
activities to call 1-800-585-TIPS.

-------------------------------------------------------------------

Colorado Hemp Bill DEA'd For 1998 (Press Release From Colorado
Hemp Initiative Project Says Representative Kay Alexander Won't Re-Introduce
Industrial Hemp Bill To Legislature This Year - Local Law Enforcement
Allegedly Said They Would Work Against Her Re-Election If She Did)

Date: Fri, 30 Jan 1998 01:42:05 EST
Reply-To: ammo@levellers.org
Originator: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: AMMO (ammo@levellers.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Subject: Colo. Hemp Bill DEA'd

Colorado Hemp Bill DEA'd for 1998

Contact: Colorado Hemp Initiative Project (303) 784-5632

For immediate release: January 28, 1998

[Denver] -- Colorado Representative Kay Alexander has announced that she
will not re-introduce an industrial (non-psychoactive) hemp bill in the
Colorado legislature in 1998.

Rep. Alexander is up for re-election in November 1998. Although she
received great public support for her stance on hemp and her efforts to
re-introduce it in Colorado in 1997, law enforcement adamantly opposed it.
This year, Rep. Alexander was told by local law enforcement that they would
actually work against her in her re-election campaign if she re-introduced
the industrial hemp bill.

In 1995, 1996 and 1997, industrial hemp legislation was introduced in
Colorado. Each year, the bills gained more support in the state
legislature. However, all the bills were ultimately killed due to pressure
from the federal Drug Enforcement Administration and local law enforcement
who contend it would "send the wrong message" to young people. Canada, the
European Union, China, and most other industrialized nations allow the
cultivation of industrial hemp as a fiber, seed, and oil crop.

Rep. Alexander also cited a proposed Colorado ballot initiative to legalize
medical marijuana, promoted by California-based Americans for Medical
Rights (AMR), as a reason for not sponsoring the hemp bill. She felt the
initiative would only complicate her efforts to promote industrial hemp.

Statement from Laura Kriho, Colorado Hemp Initiative Project:

"For four years, industrial hemp legislation has gained more and more
support in Colorado. We were very optimistic that the bill would pass this
year. I think we have educated our legislators successfully that
industrial hemp is distinct from marijuana and that it is a legitimate
crop. However, the legislators are often more inclined to listen to the
police, who wield far more power than farmers and environmentalists. We
are very disappointed that we will lose our momentum in Colorado by not
having a bill before the legislature this year."

"Our organization supports the medicinal uses of cannabis as well as the
industrial uses of hemp. AMR's ballot initiative for medicinal marijuana,
which would amend the Colorado constitution, could have been written to
differentiate between industrial hemp and medicinal marijuana. If enacted,
such an initiative would have eliminated our need to have the state
legislature redefine hemp in the statutes. Unfortunately, AMR did not
consult us or anyone with experience in Colorado cannabis politics before
they submitted their initiative."

"In addition, we believe the AMR medical initiative is so poorly-written
that it may actually be harmful to the patients it is intended to help."

"So with no hemp bill and a seriously-flawed medicinal marijuana
initiative, we will need to re-evaluate our strategies for positive reform
in Colorado cannabis laws. We will of course continue in our educational
and outreach efforts."

***

Colorado Hemp Initiative Project
P.O. Box 729, Nederland, CO 80466
Hotline: (303) 784-5632
Email: (cohip@levellers.org)
Web: http://www.welcomehome.org/cohip.html
"Fighting over 60 years of lies and dis-information
with 10,000 years of history and fact."
ARE YOU REGISTERED TO VOTE???

To be added to or removed from our mailing list,
send email with the word SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE in the title.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Pistons Notebook - Hill Believes Survey On Substance Abuses ('Detroit News'
Sports Column Quotes Abstemious Basketball Player Grant Hill Saying
'New York Times' Survey Sunday Suggesting 60 Percent To 70 Percent
Of Former NBA Players, General Managers And Agents 'Either Smoked Pot
Or Drank Heavily' 'Didn't Sound Too Far Off The Mark')

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 08:12:49 -0800
To: maptalk@mapinc.org
From: Pat Dolan 
Subject: NBA and substance abuse
Cc: mattalk@islandnet.com
Newshawk:Pat Dolan
Source: Detroit News
Contact: letters@detnews.com
PubDate: Jan. 28 1998

Pistons Notebook: Hill believes survey on substance abuses
By Chris McCosky / The Detroit News

Grant Hill isn't sure what the actual percentages are of NBA players who
abuse alcohol and some marijuana, but 70 percent didn't sound too far off
the mark.

"It could be that high," he said after practice Monday. "I haven't actually
seen guys do it, but you hear the stories. There are a lot of guys who do."

Hill, who has never tried alcohol or pot, was reacting to a survey of
former players, general managers and agents published in the New York Times
Sunday that claimed that pot smoking and heavy drinking were rampant in the
NBA. The survey estimated that between 60 and 70 percent of players either
smoked pot or drank heavily.

"The players' association and the league may not want to hear this, but
part of the problem is that the league considers heroin and cocaine
illegal, and marijuana legal," Hill said.

The NBA, as mandated by the players' association, conducts drug tests for
heroin and cocaine but not marijuana. "If they are going to test for drugs,
they need to test for all substances -- cocaine, heroin, steroids,
marijuana, everything," Hill said. "If something is illegal on the streets
but legal in the NBA, that's sending the wrong message."

Hill also thinks the NBA should expand drug testing beyond just the
players. "I think the players would feel better about it if everybody who
works for the NBA is tested," he said. "I think they should test everybody
from David Stern to Eddie."

Eddie is Eddie Rivero, the Pistons' locker room assistant and unofficial
historian. "I know this gets into human and civil rights issues, but I
agree with what Karl Malone said: 'If you aren't smoking it, then you
shouldn't have any problem getting tested,'" Hill said.

There are those who believe the survey is exaggerated. "In my professional
opinion, it's certainly not 70 percent," Pistons trainer Mike Abdenour said.
"If my memory serves, when the league was having its cocaine problem 70
percent was the number they used then and that was far from reality."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Lawyers For Money Launderer Ordered To Turn Over Fees
('Providence Journal-Bulletin' Says Rhode Island US Attorney Has Filed Motion
In Federal Court To Forfeit Fees Paid To Five Lawyers In Five States
By Convicted Drug Defendant)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 07:19:27 -0500
From: "R. Lake" 
Subject: MN: US RI: Lawyers for Money Launderer Ordered to Turn Over Fees
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-to: rlake@mapinc.org
Organization: http://www.mapinc.org
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Richard Lake, Sr. Editor,The Media Awareness Project
Source: Providence Journal-Bulletin
Pubdate: Wednesday, 28 Jan 1998
Contact: letters@projo.com
Website: http://projo.com/

LAWYERS FOR MONEY LAUNDERER ORDERED TO TURN OVER FEES

Lawyer Stephen O'Donnell, of Providence, is one of five lawyers being
ordered to turn over nearly $2 million in legal fees paid by Stephen
Saccoccia, money the U.S. attorney claims they should have know was
laundered drug profits.

Arguing that nearly $2 million that convicted money-launderer Stephen
Saccoccia paid to his lawyers came from drug dealers' money that he
laundered, the U.S. government has demanded that the money be turned over to
the government.

U.S. Attorney Sheldon Whitehouse has filed a motion in federal court in
Providence, arguing that certain legal fees paid to Kenneth O'Donnell, of
Providence; Robert Luskin, of Washington, D.C.; Jack Hill, of San Francisco;
Stephen Finta, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., and Lawrence Semenza, of Nevada,
were paid in such a fashion that the lawyers should have known that the
monies were laundered drug profits.

The Supreme Court has held that such fees are covered by federal criminal
asset forfeiture laws, according to Thomas Connell, spokesman for
Whitehouse.

The monies in question, according to depositions given by the five lawyers,
came in forms ``such as gold bars, cash that was dropped off at hotels and
in the trunks of cars and money transfers from Swiss bank accounts,''
according to Connell.

In 1993, Saccoccia was sentenced to 660 years in federal prison for
laundering Colombian drug money. He was also fined $15.8 million and ordered
to forfeit $136.3 million.

Ten other defendants were also convicted in Rhode Island and imprisoned for
their roles in the money-laundering, including Saccoccia's wife, Donna, who
was sentenced to 14 years.

Evidence presented at trial showed that Saccoccia and his codefendants
received millions of dollars in cash from drug dealers and laundered it by
buying gold, bank checks and travelers' checks. Saccoccia kept a percentage
of the proceeds as his fee, and the rest was wired to Colombia.

After the Saccoccias were arrested in 1991, the court froze their assets,
including bank accounts, gold or other precious metals, up to $140 million.
Because they declined to submit a list of their assets, the court also
rejected the Saccoccias' argument that the government's actions had left
them unable to pay their lawyers.

After Saccoccia's conviction, the government continued to look for his
money-laundering proceeds. As part of that effort, the government received
court permission to depose several of the Saccoccias' lawyers.

During the course of those depositions, taken in March and April of 1996,
the five lawyers testified about the payments Saccoccia made to them.

The government, in a memorandum supporting its motion, argues that the
manner in which those payments were made put the lawyers on notice that
these were assets that Saccoccia had acquired through his racketeering and
money-laundering activities and that were frozen by the court's protective
order.

The government argues that the lawyers knew from the indictment and the
evidence presented at trial that virtually all of Saccoccia's assets were
subject to forfeiture.

``This should not be viewed as a broad-brush assault on defense counsels'
legitimate fees,'' said Whitehouse. ``The unusual circumstances of this
case, both the existence of a court order freezing Saccoccia's assets, and
the cloak-and-dagger nature of these anonymous and surreptitious payments,
make this an exceptional case.''

O'Donnell testified that he received $410,000 from Saccoccia, kept about
$107,500 and distributed the rest to other Saccoccia lawyers. According to
the memorandum, he received three cash payments totaling $125,000, which
were dropped off anonymously at his office.

The individual who dropped off the first cash payment of $50,000 refused to
identify himself and said only that the cash was ``money owed to
Saccoccia.'' O'Donnell also testified that he received a $285,000 wire
transfer from Switzerland, some of which he gave to various members of
Saccoccia's family. During the summer of 1993, Finta dropped off at
O'Donnell's office 15 gold bars for Luskin.

The other four lawyers received payments of hundreds of thousands of dollars
in similar fashion.

The Saccoccia case was investigated by the FBI, the Internal Revenue Service
Criminal Investigation Division, Rhode Island State Police, Cranston police
and the U.S. Customs Service.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

US Attorney Collects $4.4 Million In Fiscal Year
('Providence Journal-Bulletin' Quotes US Attorney In Providence -
$4.4 Million Collected In Fines, Criminal Assets, Civil Litigation,
About $1 Million More Than Cost Of Operating US Attorney's Office)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 07:14:53 -0500
From: "R. Lake" 
Subject: MN: US RI: U.S. Attorney Collects $4.4 Million In Fiscal Year
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-to: rlake@mapinc.org
Organization: http://www.mapinc.org
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Richard Lake, Sr. Editor,The Media Awareness Project
Source: Providence Journal-Bulletin
Author: ELLIOT KRIEGER Journal-Bulletin Staff Writer
Pubdate: Wednesday, 28 Jan 1998
Contact: letters@projo.com
Website: http://projo.com/
Editors note: An easily newshawked newspaper, if anyone would like to do it.

U.S. ATTORNEY COLLECTS $4.4 MILLION IN FISCAL YEAR

That total doesn't include the value of 82 gold bars seized from the
property of the mother of money-launderer Stephen Saccoccia.

The U.S. Attorney's office in Providence collected about $4.4 million in
fines and criminal assets and through civil litigation during the fiscal
year that ended Sept. 30, according to U.S. Attorney Sheldon Whitehouse.

The collections include material seized during the prosecution of criminal
cases. The figure also includes court-ordered restitution and defaulted
student, housing and small-business loans.

Altogether, the money collected makes up about $1 million more than the cost
of operating the U.S. Attorney's office, Whitehouse said. ``That's a net
gain for the taxpayers, something we have accomplished year in and year
out,'' he said.

Of the criminal collections, which totaled $1.2 million, a large part of the
money came from the case against Felix Gammella, a former Pawtucket man
sentenced to prison last January after he pleaded guilty to charges of
running a marijuana-smuggling ring.

The federal government had seized about $1 million in assets from Gammella
and his wife, including nearly $500,000 kept in a Montreal safe-deposit box
and houses in Arizona and Vermont.

The largest property seizure of the year is not included in the totals,
however. In March, the FBI took 82 gold bars -- worth $2.1 million -- that
had been buried in Cranston in the backyard and the cellar of the mother of
an imprisoned money launderer, Stephen Saccoccia.

According to Whitehouse, the federal court has not issued a final forfeiture
order regarding the bars of gold.

Among the largest of the civil collections was $500,000 from 11 Rhode Island
hospitals that had billed Medicare separately for certain preadmission
procedures that Medicare pays as part of a patient's in-hospital care.

The money collected and the assets seized by the U.S. Attorney's office go
to a variety of uses, according to Whitehouse.

The fines and assessments go to the federal Crime Victim Fund, which awards
grants to states to compensate victims of crimes.

Money collected for civil debts and penalties (such as the civil collections
from the hospitals) goes to the federal agency to which the money was owed.

Some of the money goes to Rhode Island agencies. Up to 80 percent of
forfeited assets (such as the money seized from the Gammellas) is
distributed among state and law-enforcement agencies that take part in the
investigations that result in forfeitures.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

James Brown Arrested On Drug, Weapons Charges ('Associated Press'
Quotes Hardest-Working Man In Show Business Saying He Smoked
Small Amount Of Marijuana For Medicinal Purposes)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 22:08:03 -0500
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: Richard Lake 
Subject: MN: US SC: Wire: James Brown arrested on drug, weapons charges
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Zosimos 
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998
Source: Associated Press

JAMES BROWN ARRESTED ON DRUG, WEAPONS CHARGES

AIKEN, S.C. (AP) -- Soul singer James Brown is in trouble again, this time
on gun and marijuana charges.

Less than a week after leaving a hospital where his agent said he was
treated for an addiction to painkillers, Brown surrendered Tuesday and was
charged with marijuana possession and unlawful use of a firearm.

Brown, 64, who was freed on bond, said he smoked a small amount of
marijuana for medicinal purposes.

"I have bad eyes," he told The Chronicle of Augusta, Ga. "It was just a
little tiny bit. It wasn't even a misdemeanor -- it should've been in
recorder's court."

Brown, who served three years in prison for 1988 convictions on and assault
charges, said he keeps guns at his Beech Island home and doesn't plan to stop.

"I got to have protection," Brown said. "I have guns and I'm going to keep
on having guns. Thank God it's a free country."

Jeff Allen, Brown's agent, has said the singer became addicted to
painkillers that he had begun taking after he was injured on stage.

Brown has denied that he was addicted. He said his daughter hospitalized
him against his will after he became upset while watching a television
program about poor children in South America.

"My daughter made a mistake," he said. "She should have just called me and
asked if she could come over and check on me, but she called the police.
Then they came and asked me if I would go to the hospital, and I didn't
want to say no."

The charges stem from evidence that deputies found at Brown's home when
they took him to the hospital. A police report, which listed the case as a
"mental transport," said officers found guns at his home, but did not
mention marijuana.

The "Godfather of Soul" has had more than 100 singles make the charts,
including "I Got You (I Feel Good)," "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" and
"Please, Please, Please."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Teacher Arrested On Pot Charges ('Roanoke Times' Item About Bust
In Southwestern Virginia Illustrates Perverse Reality
That Prohibition Abdicates Control Of Pot To Kids)

Date: Tue, 03 Feb 1998 13:00:39 -0500
From: "R. Lake" 
Subject: MN: US VA: Teacher arrested on pot charges
To: news 
Reply-to: rlake@mapinc.org
Organization: http://www.mapinc.org
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Michael (Miguet@NOVEMBER.ORG)
Source: The Roanoke Times. (Southwestern Virginia)
Pubdate: Wednesday, January 28, 1998
Contact: KARENT@ROANOKE.COM

Authorities say she bought it from student

Teacher arrested on pot charges

The Bedford County teacher also was charged with contributing to the
delinquency of a minor.

A Liberty High School teacher was arrested Tuesday on charges that she
bought marijuana from a student there.

Suzanne Renee Hudson, 37, of Goode, was arrested on school grounds Tuesday
morning and was charged with three counts of contributing to the delinquency
of a minor and one count of marijuana possession, said Bedford County
Sheriff Mike Brown.

Brown would say very little about the charges because they involve a
juvenile and because the case is still under investigation. He would not
release the juvenile's age or sex.

No other charges have been made.

The sheriff said his office began investigating Hudson after getting tips
from informants.

Hudson has been suspended until the case is resolved in court, said Bedford
County school Superintendent John Kent. The School Board will decide at its
next meeting whether or not she will be paid during her suspension.

Kent refused to say what she taught, but a Liberty teacher who asked not to
be identified said she had taught home economics at the school for about two
years.

Hudson was released from the Bedford County Jail Tuesday on $2,500 bond.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Support For High Doses To Kill Pain ('Reuters' Says New Survey
Of 1,000 Americans, Commissioned By Mayday Fund In New York,
Shows Majority Support Allowing High Doses Of Drugs To Alleviate
Severe Pain)

Date: Sat, 31 Jan 1998 19:53:14 -0500
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: Richard Lake 
Subject: MN: US: Wire: Support For High Doses To Kill Pain
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family 
Source: Reuters
Pubdate: 28 Jan 1998

SUPPORT FOR HIGH DOSES TO KILL PAIN

WASHINGTON (Reuters) -- The majority of Americans support the use of high
doses of pain medication such as morphine for the treatment of severe pain,
according to a survey released Wednesday.

The survey of 1,000 Americans' attitudes toward pain was commissioned by
the Mayday Fund, a New York City-based foundation. The researchers found
that 70% of Americans questioned supported high doses of strong analgesic
drugs in the treatment of severe pain, even when presented with the risk of
addiction.

While anywhere from 30% to 70% of cancer patients have chronic pain, 40% of
those patients will be undertreated, said Dr. Russell Portenoy, chairman of
the Department of Pain Medicine and Palliative Care at Beth Israel Medical
Center in New York. Portenoy also estimated that as many as 85% of patients
with AIDS-related pain are undertreated.

Portenoy cited several reasons for the undertreatment trends: there is
limited training in the field of pain management, pain is a low priority
for many clinicians, there is a limited amount of time to deliver care, and
there is an overestimation of treatment risks such as addiction. Portenoy
also said that patients don't report pain often enough because they try to
be stoic or "the good patient."

The Mayday survey found that 44% of individuals believe that doctors are
prescribing the right amount of pain medication and 38% believe they are
prescribing too much. But in fact, Portenoy said that there remains "a
striking level of misunderstanding" among medical practitioners of the
risks and benefits of opioid pain killers, leading to undertreatment.

The predominant perception, Portenoy said, is that "patients who are given
opioid drugs often become addicted and have substantial risk of serious
adverse effects." Although he says that attitude is changing, doctors still
mislabel addiction and "frighten their patients needlessly."

Part of the reason for undertreatment stems from fears physicians have
about losing their medical license for prescribing controlled substances.
Sandra Johnson, law professor at the Center for Health Law Studies at the
St. Louis University School of Law, says physicians repeatedly report that
they are afraid to treat pain in patients because they fear they will be
investigated and will lose their practice license. "Our research has
revealed that the legislative system has produced an environment of fear"
around pain treatment, she said.

Johnson said that State Medical Boards are particularly aggressive in
pursuing physicians that they think are overprescribing these substances.
But often their investigations focus on volume or length of time for
prescription rather than on the kinds of conditions the doctor is treating.
States are beginning to change, she said. Fourteen have passed intractable
pain treatment acts that gives physicians more leeway in treating patients
who need pain medication. Also the Federation of State Medical Boards is
developing guidelines to improvement the enforcement of pain relief. But
she says "the fear of losing their license is so deeply ingrained in the
medical profession that it is going to take extraordinary efforts to
unbalance this."

The surveyors also found that although 91% of people believed that
prescription drugs are the best way to relieve pain, 80% of people
preferred to try nondrug alternatives to relieve pain before resorting to
medication. These alternative therapies include exercise, massage, and
relaxation therapies.

Half of those questioned reported experiencing pain in the two weeks prior
to the survey, with head and back pain most commonly reported. And one out
of six US households includes an individual with severe chronic pain,
according to the report.

The survey also found that 33% of people thought they could withstand a lot
more pain than most. And over half (62%) said they would rather bear pain
than take action to relieve it.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

This Week's Focus At Hemp Nation (Canadian Online Magazine
Features History Of Hemp In Canada With Hemp Timeline -
Including The 1923 Hemp Bounties Act, How Reefer Madness
Struck The Country in 1938)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 07:52:56 EST
From: Chris Clay  (by way of Richard Lake )
To: Multiple recipients of list 
Subject: Canadian industrial hemp timeline

THIS WEEK'S FOCUS AT HEMP NATION:
http://www.hempnation.com/focus/focus.html

CANADIAN INDUSTRIAL HEMP TIMELINE
A history of hemp in Canada, and how it became mistaken for marijuana

CANADA -- Nearly fifty years since the government banned industrial hemp,
the controversial crop will finally return to Canadian fields this spring.
Health Canada has published draft regulations, and farmers are already
lining up to get their licenses.

We felt it would be prudent to put recent events in context by reviewing
the history of hemp in Canada.

This week's Focus is Part Two of our "Industrial Hemp Timeline," detailing
events from the 1923 Hemp Bounties Act until "reefer madness" struck the
country in 1938.

HEMP NATION
http://www.hempnation.com/
-------------------------------------------------------------------

North Vancouver Seeks Decriminalization Of Marijuana ('Vancouver Sun' Says
The North Vancouver District Council Recommended To The Federation
Of Canadian Municipalities By 5-2 Vote That Possession Should Be Regulated
Like Alcohol)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 13:19:31 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Canada: North Van. Seeks Decriminalization of Marijuana
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Vancouver Sun
Contact: sunletters@pacpress.southam.ca
Section: B1 / Front
Author: Janet Steffenhagen
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

NORTH VAN SEEKS DECRIMINALIZATION OF MARIJUANA

Possession of marijuana should no longer be treated as a criminal offence
but should be regulated the same as alcohol, North Vancouver District
council recommended this week.

By a 5-2 vote, council decided to take that position to the Federation of
Canadian Municipalities which could, in turn, try to influence federal
politicians. Mayor Don Bell and Councillor Glenys Deering-Robb were
opposed.

But a majority of councillors took a tougher stand against heroin,
rejecting a recommendation that it be dealt with as a medical problem
rather than a criminal problem.

Council decided in October to consider decriminalization of illegal drugs
for personal use, and asked municipal manager Gord Howie for a report.

Howie noted the district has no legislative authority over illegal drugs
and told council to expect to have limited impact on the debate. But he
said it could have input by taking its views to the federation.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Methadone Has To Be Part Of Solution To Drug Crisis (Staff Editorial
In British Columbia's 'Vancouver Sun' Expresses Regret That Only $150,000
Of The $4.6 Million The Vancouver/Richmond Health Board Committed For
Injection-Drug Users In The Downtown Eastside Will Be Spent
On The Heroin Substitute - Paper Says Doctors Weren't Consulted)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 09:41:23 -0800
To: mattalk@islandnet.com
From: Pat Dolan 
Subject: Methadone has to be part of solution to drug crisis
Newshawk: Pat Dolan
Source: The Vancouver Sun Editorial, p.A18
Date: Jan. 28, 1998
Contact: sunletters@pacpress.southam.ca

Methadone has to be part of solution to drug crisis

News of an HIV infection among injection-drug users in the Downtown Eastside
last fall prompted the Vancouver/Richmond Health Board to commit $4.6 million
to the problem. The need is indisputable.

The horrendous cost in human life and to the health care system and the
pervasiveness of property crime, mostly stemming from drug users' need for
buckets of money, give all of society an interest in solving the problem.

There is no one answer. But part of the answer is methadone treatment for
heroin addicts. It doesn't work for cocaine addicts, or for all heroin
addicts, but for those who respond, this cheap, synthetic drug is taken orally
(no disease-spreading needles), blocks the craving for heroin and lasts
longer.

It creates the possibility of stability in the addict's life - a job and a
permanent home may become realities. A place to stay away from temptation,
support and job counselling have to accompany the doses of methadone.

It is disappointing, therefore, that only about $150,000 of that $4.6
million will be spent on methadone treatment. The rest will go for more
street workers, nurses, expansion of the needle program, community
development and so on. Doctors who actually treat addicts complain they
weren't consulted.

The health board agrees more should be done, but it has to work with the
other players - the College of Physicians and Surgeons, which administers the
methadone program, pharmacists and the health ministry. They should get on
with it. And the B.C. Medical Association should release its overdue
report on drug addiction. This blight on the city won't disappear by itself.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Medicinal Marijuana Use Back In Court ('Ottawa Citizen' Says Kitchener Man
With Chronic Pain Cops Plea To Avoid Trafficking Charges)

Date: Mon, 2 Feb 1998 12:12:53 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Canada: Medicinal Marijuana Use Back in Court
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Chris Clay 
Source: Ottawa Citizen
Contact: letters@thecitizen.southam.ca
Website: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/
Pubdate: Wednesday, January 28, 1998
Author: Dianne Wood, Special to the Citizen

MEDICINAL MARIJUANA USE BACK IN COURT

Judge sentences man to house arrest

KITCHENER - Smoking 30 marijuana joints a day has made life a lot more
bearable for Klaus Jaitner since 1990.

It's been the medication of choice for the 45-year-old man since he
severely damaged his right hand and arm while lifting heavy boxes at work.

Diagnosed with "chronic cumulative trauma disorder" and told he would
always have pain from tendon and nerve damage, Mr. Jaitner turned to
marijuana as a way to relieve his misery.

In fact, to ensure a steady cheap supply he began growing his own pot in
the basement apartment he rents in his brother's home.

Things would have gone along fine if his brother's ex-girlfriend hadn't
noticed a distinctive odour in the home, and decided to tip off police last
November, Mr. Jaitner said following an appearance in Kitchener provincial
court Tuesday. Mr. Jaitner was sentenced to four months house arrest and
eight months probation for producing an illegal substance. He must also
perform 40 hours community service work.

In imposing sentence, Judge Elliott Allen referred to an Ontario court
ruling last December involving an epileptic who said he uses pot to control
his seizures.

In that case, Judge Patrick Sheppard stayed charges of possession and
cultivation of marijuana against Terry Parker.

The federal government is appealing the case, saying that smoking marijuana
is illegal regardless of the medical benefits.

Justice Allen remarked that the Parker case, as well as a second recent
case, show the law is in "a state of flux." He said the two cases present
"substantial evidence reflecting a change in attitude to marijuana. It may
be it's less harmful than it's perceived to be in many ways, and has
legitimate medical uses," Justice Allen said.

Mr. Jaitner's lawyer, Lee Fitzpatrick, said outside court that Mr. Jaitner
didn't want to wait for the appeal of the Parker case. He decided to plead
guilty in return for trafficking charges being dropped.

Mr. Jaitner said the marijuana isn't so much a pain reliever as a relaxant.
"It helps you deal with the psychological pressure that chronic pain
causes. You're not constantly stressed out," he said.

He said the tension from the pain caused him massive migraine headaches,
which pot relieves.

"I knew what I was doing was against the law, but I kept it private," he said.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Hells Angels Infiltrate Port Staff, Says RCMP (The Recent Arrest
Of A Member Of The Hells Angels In Nova Scotia On Drug Charges
Leads 'Halifax Daily News' To Raise Alarm About Hells Angels
And Presumed Drug Traffickers On Both Canadian Coasts)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 13:21:33 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Canada: Hells Angels Infiltrate Port Staff, Says RCMP
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Halifax Daily News
Contact: letterstoeditor@hfxnews.southam.ca
Author: Graeme Hamilton -- Southam News
Pubdate: Wednesday, January 28, 1998

HELLS ANGELS INFILTRATE PORT STAFF, SAYS RCMP

The presence of known Hells Angels on the Vancouver waterfront shows the
growing role the country's ports are playing as entry points for illegal
narcotics, a senior RCMP investigator said yesterday.

Cpl. Roy Bergerman, the RCMP's drug intelligence analyst for British
Columbia, called the violent biker gang "an ongoing concern" at Vancouver's
busy port.

"There are definitely known members of the Hells Angels working on the
waterfront in Vancouver," he said. A 1995 police report on the situation
counted 10 known gang members and 30 of their associates within the
longshoremen's union.

"Because containers are such a popular means of transport for this stuff
(cocaine and heroin), you're going to see it anywhere there's a container
terminal," Bergerman said from Vancouver.

He said it's one thing to identify gang members, but removing them from the
waterfront is quite another. "You can't just arrest them on those grounds,"
he said. "It's just a matter of trying to keep track of what they're doing
down there."

In Halifax, where a joint investigation of the RCMP and city police led to
the arrest last week of one member of the Hells Angels and two associates
on drug charges, police are hoping to stifle the gang's growth.

Police say there are nine members of the gang in Nova Scotia, the only
chapter east of Quebec.

"The fear is that we don't want them to move in," RCMP spokesman Sgt. Bill
Price said.

"We don't want another Quebec down here. The possibility is the gang could
grow if we don't do something about it."

RCMP and city police spokesmen said they have no knowledge of a Hells Angel
presence on the Halifax waterfront. But Halifax Police Chief Vince
MacDonald said it's something his force will keep an eye on as it takes
over from the recently disbanded Ports Canada police.

MacDonald said there is "a high level of concern" that crime organizations
such as the Hells Angels use cargo containers to bring drugs into ports
throughout North America.

Sydney-Victoria MP Peter Mancini, the NDP's justice critic, accused the
federal government of letting crime flourish in the country's ports.

He said the decision to dismantle the Ports Canada police and pass the
responsibilities to municipal forces will only make it easier for gangs to
move in.

The RCMP's Bergerman acknowledged that loss of the Ports Canada police will
make it more difficult to police the waterfront while the municipal forces
get to know their new turf.

"They don't have all those years of experience on the waterfront," he said.
"But it's not like going to a different planet."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Proposals For Drugs Courts To Be Studied ('Irish Times' Says Experts
From Ireland And US To Meet In Dublin This Weekend)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 19:45:24 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Ireland: Proposals for Drugs Courts to be Studied
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Zosimos 
Source: Irish Times
Contact: lettersed@irish-times.ie
Fax: ++ 353 1 671 9407
Author: Chris Dooley
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

PROPOSALS FOR DRUGS COURTS TO BE STUDIED

Proposals to establish special courts to deal with drugs offenders will be
considered by an expert group, meeting in Dublin this weekend.

The meeting of Irish and American experts - convened by the chairwoman of
the Courts Commission, Mrs Justice Susan Denham - will study the
feasibility of "drugs courts" for people charged with non-violent drugs
offences.

Plans for the meeting were announced by the Minister for Justice, Mr
O'Donoghue, during his 11/2 -hour visit yesterday to Ballymun, in north
Dublin, where he heard details of community, local authority and Garda
co-operation in tackling the area's drugs problems.

The idea of special drugs courts was put forward by Fianna Fail during last
year's election campaign, and Mr O'Donoghue said he was very supportive of
the idea. It could lead to non-violent drugs offenders being sent for
rehabilitation, where appropriate, instead of serving normal custodial
sentences.

Mr O'Donoghue said a representative of the commission had recently returned
from the US with a favourable report on the operation of drugs courts
there. But he stressed that ultimately their implementation would be a
matter for the Courts Service which would be independent of the Department
of Justice and was expected to be established by the autumn.

The Minister's visit was at the invitation of the local drugs task force,
which particularly wanted to draw his attention to the inadequate
facilities at the local Garda station.

If the station was overcrowded previously, it certainly was yesterday as
the Minister toured the narrow corridors accompanied by a phalanx of
gardai, community activists, civil servants, corporation officials, a TV
crew, photographers and reporters.

The Minister agreed the building was inadequate to cater for the 59 gardai
stationed there and the needs of community representatives who had to
travel to Santry and Whitehall stations for meetings with Garda
representatives. He said the Office of Public Works was looking for another
site.

The tour concluded with a meeting at which locals outlined the extent of
the drugs problem in the area.

However, locals and gardai agreed that in spite of the prevailing problems,
co-operation between the community and the Garda has been excellent.

Anti-drugs marches in the area have led to none of the tension between
activists and the authorities associated with some areas of Dublin. "The
guards here take part in the marches," said Mr Sean O Cionnaith, chairman
of the Ballymun Local Drugs task force. New closed-circuit cameras operated
jointly by the Garda, Dublin Corporation and community representatives, and
financed by a #60,000 grant from the ministerial drugs task force, will be
in place next month.

Mr Hugh Greaves, co-ordinator of the Ballymun task force, said these would
help the gardai deal with the changing nature of the drugs problem which
has seen an increase in the number of pushers.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Twenty Arrested In Swoop On Potential Heroin Trade Kings
(Ireland's 'Examiner' Says The Roundup In Dublin Was Made Possible
By Intelligence Gathered In Operation Cleanstreets, A Six-Week Covert Plan
To Incriminate Serious Drug Dealers, Particularly Those Involved In Heroin)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 19:44:57 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Ireland: Twenty Arrested In Swoop On Potential Heroin Trade Kings
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Zosimos 
Source: Examiner, The (Ireland)
Contact: exam_letters@examiner.ie
Author: Brian Carroll Security correspondent
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

TWENTY ARRESTED IN SWOOP ON POTENTIAL HEROIN TRADE KINGS

TWENTY suspected heroin dealers were arrested yesterday in an undercover
swoop on dealers who were trying to profit from the removal of jailed drug
kingpins such as Thomas "The Boxer" Mullen.

The arrests across Dublin came as Minister for Justice, John O'Donoghue,
revealed he is considering setting up special courts to deal exclusively
with drugs cases.

The Minister has asked Judge Susan Denham to head an examination of how
special drugs courts could operate in Dublin.

"They have been in operation in the United States and there is little doubt
that they can be very successful here," Minister O'Donoghue said.

While this court revamp was being considered, Gardai were arresting
suspected drug dealers on the strength of intelligence gathered in
Operation Cleanstreets, a six-week covert plan to incriminate serious drug
dealers, particularly those involved in heroin.

In Operation Cleanstreets, undercover detectives from the National Drugs
Unit last month joined detectives in Garda districts across the capital in
a co-ordinated effort to infiltrate drug-dealing operations. Up to 20
heroin dealers were due to come before a number of Dublin District Courts
yesterday after early-morning raids by detectives from the National Drugs
Unit.

Gardai targeted flat complexes and areas known to be ravished by heroin use.

Anyone who offered to sell serious drugs, particularly heroin, to the
detectives over the past six weeks was arrested.

This operation is the latest concerted effort by Gardai to counteract a
recognised heroin problem in Dublin.

"We recognise that there still exists a heroin problem in the whole of
Dublin and this was the latest co-ordinated operation to counteract that
problem," a Garda spokesman said.

Operation Cleanstreets follows earlier Garda operations such Operation
Boulevard, which concentrated on clearing drug dealers off the main streets
of Dublin, particularly O'Connell Street, which was a notorious drugs black
spot.

Sources said this was the latest initiative designed to root out drug
dealers who are keen to fill the void left by the jailing of some of the
larger players in the Dublin market.

"There was also Operation Dochas, which has been very successful," a Garda
source said.

"This is the latest operation to get information to target dealers in the city.

"It is part of a number of different strategies we are pursuing on a number
of fronts."

A Garda spokesman said the operation involved massive co-operation.

"This operation extended across Dublin from Dun Laoghaire to Ballymun," he
said. "Because of the work involved it had to be a covert operation.

"Undercover officers from the Garda National Drugs Unit worked with local
detective units and targeted areas where there were allegations of dealing,
specifically heroin.

"We hope to see the results in court now. The operation allowed us to
accumulate enough evidence to charge up to 20 people with dealing.

"Where there was suspicions that certain people were dealing, their
movements were tracked.

"It was a concerted effort by a sizeable number of officers."
-------------------------------------------------------------------

News Of The Weird Snippet (Johannesburg Trains Safety-Equipped For Cannabis)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 17:35:53 -0800 (PST)
From: Robert Lunday 
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: News of the Weird snippet (fwd)
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

source: http://www.nine.org/notw/1997/511

* According to a Times of London report in August, trains in Johannesburg,
South Africa, are being systematically equipped with fans to blow away the
increasingly common cannabis smoke. Frequently, cannabis smokers take over
the front car of a train in order to blow smoke playfully through the
keyhole into the train engineer's cab. Earlier in August, one driver had to
stop a train for almost an hour because he was rendered dizzy by the smoke.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

News Of The Weird (Schools With Zero Tolerance Policies Suspend Kids
For Health-Food Lemon Drops, More)

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 01:22:43 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: News Of The Weird
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family 
Source: San Jose Mercury News
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998
Page 12E

NEWS OF THE WEIRD

* Recently declared as drug contraband in schools, earning suspensions for
the students in possession: cough drops (Belle, W.Va., November);
health-food lemon drops (Colorado Springs, Colo., November); Certs
Concentrated Mints (Manassas, Va, September); gift-wrapped bottle of
Bordeaux wine as a Christmas gift for an eighth-grader's French teacher
(Cobb County, Ga).

* Chuck Shepherd's News of the Weird appears in Silicon Valley Life. E-mail
him at 74777.3206@CompuServe.com
-------------------------------------------------------------------

One In Ten Scots Doctors May Be Addicted To Drink Or Drugs ('The Scotsman'
Says Report From British Medical Association Claims Rate In Britain 'May Be'
One In Fifteen - 'Most Problems Were Alcohol Related')

Date: Thu, 29 Jan 1998 18:18:54 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: UK: One In Ten Scots Doctors May Be Addicted To Drink Or Drugs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: shug 
Source: The Scotsman
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com
Author: Tanya Thompson
Pubdate: Wed, 28 Jan 1998

ONE IN TEN SCOTS DOCTORS MAY BE ADDICTED TO DRINK OR DRUGS

Report says patients are being put at risk by abuse

ONE in 15 doctors in Britain may be dependent on drugs and alcohol and in
Scotland, experts believe the figure could be as high as one in ten.

A report from the British Medical Association, the General Medical Council
and the Medical Defence Union said that drug and alcohol abuse were putting
patients at risk.

Last night, health professionals called for greater awareness of the issues
associated with drug and alcohol consumption among the medical profession.

Peter McCann, the medical director of Castle Craig clinic at Peebles, which
treats patients for drug and alcohol problems, says the centre has helped
100 doctors since opening in 1988.

He said: "I would say the number of doctors needing help is more like one
in ten. We treat a lot of doctors of all ages here.

"Younger doctors quite often are addicted to prescription drugs. We are
talking hard drugs like pethidine and morphine. A lot of them are prone to
addiction. They start on alcohol and go on to class A drugs.

"Doctors are especially vulnerable because they have easy access to drugs
without supervision and that is always going to cause problems."

The BMA report claims more and better publicised services are needed to
ensure that doctors get support, treatment and rehabilitation.

Dr Bill O'Neill, an adviser for the BMA, said: "The aim of this
collaborative report is to cut the risk to patients and ensure that doctors
are getting the support and rehabilitation they need.

"We want to see a change in attitude and a change in culture starting in
our medical schools. It also means recognising the signs of misuse in
ourselves and in our colleagues."

The report found that drug and alcohol abuse is evident among both male and
female doctors at all levels from those recently qualified to those in
retirement. A survey found that 44 per cent of doctors seeking help come
from general practice and 56 per cent from the hospital sector with 38 per
cent of the latter in training grades.

Dr O'Neill added that many doctors were reluctant to come forward with an
emotional problem because of the stigma associated with it, the fear of
jeopardising their career and the fact that many doctors do not know that
help is available.

Most problems were alcohol related, he said, with only a small proportion
of doctors using other drugs. The problem was compounded by the fact that
some doctors do not register with a GP, are not good at looking after their
health and self-prescribe drugs.

Dr Bob Hughes, a reformed alcoholic who now counsels patients at Castle
Craig rehabilitation centre, said patients were often at risk because the
medical profession was reluctant to tackle the problem.

He said: "A doctor who is working while under the influence of alcohol or
suffering from its side-effects is not in a position to do his best for the
patient. At worst, you are dealing with someone who is performing a
potentially life-threatening procedure.

"The figure of one in 15 doctors doesn't surprise me at all. I knew a lot
of doctors who needed help but they got no support from the profession at
all. Society believes that doctors are superhuman. What people have to
realise is that we're ordinary human beings who suffer the same illnesses
and diseases as everybody else."

The report, Misuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs by Doctors, makes 17
recommendations including:

These include:

* Doctors in training posts who express concern about a more senior
colleague should be given support.

* Every medical school should have a drug and alcohol policy.

* Doctors should avoid prescribing for themselves or their colleagues.

* Every doctor's conviction for drink or drug offences - including
convictions for drink driving - should continue to be reported to the GMC.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

DrugSense Weekly, Number 31 (Summary Of Drug Policy News
For Activists - Includes Original Article, 'Civil Asset Forfeiture,'
By Tom Gordon)

Date: Wed, 28 Jan 1998 14:43:11 -0800
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: DrugSense Weekly January 28, 1998 #031

***

DRUGSENSE WEEKLY

***

DrugSense Weekly
January 28, 1998
#031

A DrugSense publication

http://www.drugsense.org

***

* Readers are encouraged to download those articles in which they have a
particular interest; it is hoped the comments will help you select which
articles to download.

Feedback welcome. Please send your comments to our editorial staff.
E-mail addresses are provided at the end of this newsletter.

***

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

* Feature Article - Civil Asset Forfeiture, by Tom Gordon

* Weekly News In Review

Domestic News -


Adolescents

Students Challenge Effectiveness of Anti-Drug Ads


Cannabis Clubs

Pot Club Wins Reprieve as Judge Hints At Delay


Drug Czar

Media Should Join With The Government To

Push Anti-Drug Message


Heroin

Needling Giuliani


Ralph Seeley, Freedom Fighter

Ralph Seeley, A Columnist, Lawyer And Fighter, Dies At 49


The Drug War

Mr. Gingrich Goes to Hollywood

Ex-Agent's Past Catches Public Agencies Off Guard


International News -

UK: How We Fought And Lost The Drugs World War

UK: Just Say No To A Drugs Campaign That Has Zero Resonance

China Drug Busts, Detox Camp Inmates Soared Last Year

UK: Cannabis Campaign: All You Need Is Pot, Says McCartney

France: Lobby Grows For Medicinal Marijuana

UK: The Ultimate Betrayal? Tories Took Money From A Heroin Baron


* Tip of the Week

New DrugNews search engine - find the info you want FAST

* Hot Off The 'Net

Prisons: Growth Industry Of The 90's

***

FEATURE ARTICLE

Civil Asset Forfeiture
by Tom Gordon (tgordon@tmn.com)

Civil asset forfeiture, which allow the government to take property from
people based on no more than the suspicion of a crime, continues to be a
largely unknown violation of civil liberties. Since forfeiture is a
proceeding against property rather than a person, neither a criminal
conviction, nor even a formal accusation is necessary before a person
loses his property.

In 1997, the prospect of forfeiture law reform appeared promising.
Representative Henry Hyde (R-IL), along with Representative John Conyers
(D-MI), introduced H.R. 1835. This legislation would have shifted the
burden of proof in forfeiture proceedings to the government and raised
the standard of proof in such proceedings from a mere "probable cause"
to "clear and convincing evidence." The bill also would provide for the
appointment of counsel to indigent forfeiture victims. Furthermore, the
bill would provide additional protection against forfeiture of the
property of innocent owners. Finally, it would eliminate the
requirement that owners of forfeited property pay a cost bond of ten
percent of the value of the property to contest the forfeiture, and in
many cases would allow immediate release of seized property pending the
outcome of forfeiture proceedings.

Although H.R. 1835 enjoyed widespread support from Representatives
across the political spectrum, it also faced opposition from the Justice
Department. After officials from the Justice Department met with
Representatives Hyde and Conyers, H.R. 1835 was replaced with H.R. 1965,
which was overwhelmingly passed by the House Judiciary Committee (only
Bob Barr (R-GA) voted against). The new bill is titled the "Civil Asset
Forfeiture Reform Act," but it is in fact a gutting of the provisions of
H.R. 1835 which would in some ways worsen forfeiture laws under the
guise of reform.

One example of alleged reform is H.R. 1965's provision of counsel to
indigent forfeiture victims. H.R. 1965, like H.R. 1835, would provide
an attorney to a forfeiture victim who is unable to afford one.
However, unlike the true reform bill, the new bill requires that before
being appointed counsel, a person must appear at a hearing at which they
can be cross-examined by the government - without the benefit of
counsel! Even more outrageously, testimony from this hearing can be used
against a person during the main forfeiture proceedings.

Another so-called reform of H.R. 1965 is its provision for an "innocent
owner" defense. The bill creates a rebuttable presumption that one is
an innocent owner, but only if one promptly notifies the police of the
conduct that could result in a forfeiture and only if one acts with
police to prevent the illegal use of the property. In other words, one
must act as an informant to qualify for an innocent owner defense.
Furthermore, since this is merely a rebuttable presumption, the
government can still argue against the innocent owner defense even after
a person cooperates with them. H.R. 1965 would also increase the burdens
on forfeiture victims in the discovery process and allow the government
to maintain possession of seized property while forfeiture proceedings
are taking place. These are only the most serious problems with H.R.
1965.

The text of H.R. 1965 and a complete analysis of the legislation is
available on FEAR's website at http://www.fear.org

***

WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW

***

Domestic News

***

Adolescents

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: $195 million for simplistic propaganda is amazing
when you consider that the entire drug reform movement is financed by a
minuscule fraction of that amount. It sounds like the ads are continuing
to preach rather than inform and that the sermons remain ungrounded in
reality. So much for "progress" in the drug war. McCaffrey's comments
are interesting. He's often told us "we're not going to arrest our way
out of the drug problem," here he's telling us that, "We're not going to
solve the drug problem in America with television and radio ads..." Tell
us, General, what does work?

US: WIRE: Students Challenge Effectiveness of Anti-Drug Ads
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n051.a05.html
Source: Wire
Pubdate: Tue, 20 Jan 1998

ATLANTA (AP) - Lamar Stewart was amused by the anti-drug TV ad of a
20-something woman smashing an egg as well as everything else in the
kitchen with a frying pan.

The ad was supposed to send a simple message: Stay away from heroin, it
will destroy your life. But the 15-year-old told the nation's top
drug-fighter, retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the message was lost on him.

"It was kind of phony. The lady with the frying pan - that just made me
laugh," he said of the ad, one of four unveiled in Atlanta on Tuesday by
retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, director of the White House Office of
National Drug Control Policy.

The action-packed MTV-style spot - reminiscent of the 1980s ads that
used a frying egg to demonstrate the effects of drug use on the brain -
is part of the federal government's $195 million anti-drug campaign
targeting youth.

The ads are being tested in Atlanta and 11 other cities and will be
released nationally in June.

Stewart, of suburban Stone Mountain, told McCaffrey the frying pan ad
failed to tell the audience what really happens when someone uses drugs
and what effect it has on the person's family.

But McCaffrey told an audience of students, politicians and community
leaders that the ad will send a message: Drugs destroy lives. "We are
persuaded from our testing on the ads... that they will have an effect.
That is one of our most powerful ads," he said.

Cynthia Stephens, 15, of Lawrenceville questioned the effectiveness of
the anti-drug campaign for children living in drug and alcohol-abuse
environments.

"That's not going to do a whole lot of good if you see your parents
doing it. They are supposed to be your role models," she said.

Three of the ads are aimed at young people ages 9 to 19 and a fourth
targets their parents.

McCaffrey said he went after parents because of recent studies that show
that many who tried drugs in the 1960s and 1970s are more tolerant of
experimentation by their teen-age children. He said the studies also
showed that, "believe it or not, kids listen to their parents."

"We're not going to solve the drug problem in America with television
and radio ads... But we estimate the average high school senior has had
12,000 hours of education when they get out of school. That same kid has
watched 15,000 hours of television. You know that television has got an
effect," he said.

(snip)

***

Cannabis Clubs

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: Although the feds leapt into the legal battles over
medical marijuana, a different issue, that of distribution, is wending
its way through state courts. Judge Garcia, who previously exhibited a
tolerant attitude toward cannabis, has frustrated Dan Lungren, at least
temporarily.

US CA: Pot Club Wins Reprieve as Judge Hints At Delay
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n058.a12.html
Source: San Jose Mercury News
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Pubdate: Sat, 24 Jan 1998

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Attorney General Dan Lungren's attempt to shut down
a medicinal marijuana club hit a snag Friday when a judge suggested he
would delay action while the state Supreme Court considers the issue.

Lungren sought to halt operations of the Cannabis Cultivators Club,
based on a state appeals court ruling last month that said the club
could not legally sell marijuana to patients under Proposition 215, the
1996 medicinal marijuana initiative.

That ruling, which said Superior Court Judge David Garcia should order
the club closed, technically became final last week. But Garcia asked
the state's lawyer at a hearing Friday why he shouldn't wait until after
the state Supreme Court decides whether to hear the club's appeal, filed
Wednesday.

The court has 60 days to decide whether to take the case and can extend
that another 30 days. If it grants review, a ruling could take a year or
more.

(snip)

***

Drug Czar

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: McCaffrey frequently uses op-eds to initiate new
programs. These follow a pattern of the confident assertion of dubious
or unproven ideas about human behavior and drug use, followed by an
explanation of how those ideas will be utilized in the latest strategy.

In this case, he is advancing the thesis that advertising can change
essential human behavior, an idea which has been discredited many times
over during the course of the drug war. The latest CD technology
probably won't change the outcome.

The General apparently never asks himself the obvious question of
whether such advertising may actually promote illegal drugs in the much
same way that Joe Camel promoted cigarettes.

US: OPED: Media Should Join With The Government To Push Anti-Drug
Message
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n057.a03.html
Source: Daily Arizona Star
Contact: letters@azstarnet.com
Pubdate: January 16, 1998

Corporations are willing to spend billions of dollars on advertising
because it works. The electronic media - television, radio, film,
videos, Internet, CD-ROM and multi-media (including print journalism
augmented by color photography) - constitute the strongest educational
tools available in the modern world. Where earlier civilizations drew on
the walls of caves, we trace our culture on TV screens.

Mass media can change attitudes and behavior among youth in the fastest,
most effective way. In addition to drug prevention based in homes,
schools and communities, an aggressive media campaign is essential for
reducing drug abuse.

(snip)

Congress appropriated an unprecedented $195 million for the campaign.
Through support from the media and others in the private sector, this
figure could double - allowing us to increase paid advertising and
public service efforts.

Such an initiative is necessary because even though overall drug use
dropped by half in the last 15 years, teen-age drug use rose
precipitously. Eighth grade use nearly tripled in the last five years.
During this period, the number of anti-drug public service announcements
fell by 30 percent and many of those PSAs aired in time slots that
attract few children.

(snip)

The idea is not to control young minds. Our purpose is to offer accurate
data that enables maturing individuals to make rational choices. Drugs
are wrong because they hurt people. We cannot stand idly by while toxic,
addictive substances endanger children, family, friends and
neighborhoods. So look for the new ads and speak about the message.
American liberty entails freedom from substances that poison young minds
and kill youthful dreams.

Barry R. McCaffrey is director of the Office of National Drug Control
Policy.

***

Heroin

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: This "know nothing" editorial is infuriating because
of its arrogant display of ignorance and its insistence on viewing
social and health problems through a prism of phony morality.

We seem to be encountering this type of simplistic drug war rhetoric
considerably less often since the Media Awareness Project began. When
encountered, it begs for firm refutation.

US NY: NY Post Editorial: Needling Giuliani
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n054.a01.html
Source: New York Post
Contact: editor@nypost.com
Mail: The Editor, The New York Post, 1211 Avenue of the Americas, New
York, NY 10036
Pubdate: Fri, 23 Jan 98
Website: http://nypostonline.com/

Note: The NY Post says send '75-100 word letters to the editor... Please
include your name, address and daytime phone number. No unverifiable
letters will be published. The Post reserves the right to edit and
condense all letters.'

Say that Mayor Guiliani got a report last June issued by one of his
outside advisory councils - a report recommending that the city bankroll
people's drug habits, facilitate addiction and condone hard-core drug
abuse.

(snip)

It turns out that an outside advisory council did issue such a report,
which surfaced this week in a New York Observer story. The report was
called "Needle Exchange Programs: An Analysis of Benefits and Costs,"
and it was the handiwork of the Mayor's Office of AIDS Policy
Coordination. The Observer claims that Giuliani and his aides buried the
report.

The only problem with the story is that Deputy Mayor Randy Mastro says
no one in the Mayor's Office ever heard of the document. But if it had
crossed his desk, Mastro says, he'd have proudly nixed it. And New
Yorkers would have had reason to be grateful.

The report recommended that the city fund and publicize needle-exchange
programs. It argued that some studies indicate such programs help slow
the spread of HIV among intravenous drug users.

What is a needle-exchange program? It's a trade-in service. A junkie
comes in with a polluted needle and trades it for a shiny new rig.

(snip)

Hey, these aren't sewing needles. They are hypodermics, used exclusively
for the abuse of drugs whose very possession is a felony. Furthermore,
it's a crime in New York state to use or possess needles without a
prescription. So when junkies walk in with their tainted needles, they
are already breaking the law.

(snip)

***

Ralph Seeley,
Freedom Fighter

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: I didn't know Ralph Seeley, but certainly wish I had.
The struggle of thousands like him is the reason we will ultimately
prevail; first on the issue of marijuana as medicine, later on the
demand for a sane, evidence-based drug policy.

US WA: Ralph Seeley, A Columnist, Lawyer And Fighter, Dies At 49
http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n053.a10.html
Pubdate: January 22, 1998
Source: The Tacoma News Tribune
Contact: leted@p.tribnet.com
Website: http://www.tribnet.com/

One of Tacoma's toughest men has died.

Ralph Seeley, a Tacoma lawyer and a leading advocate of the medical use
of marijuana, died shortly before 11 p.m. Wednesday at Tacoma General
Hospital. He had collapsed at his North End home Saturday following a
potluck dinner party that featured his famous spaghetti and infamous
personality.

Seeley, 49, a former News Tribune columnist, died after suffering
cardiac arrest. His five-day coma at Tacoma General may have been the
longest silence of his life.

"Ralph had a million interests," said attorney Jeff Steinborn. "If there
was some subject Ralph couldn't speak about in an entertaining and
knowledgeable way, I never heard of it."

Seeley always spoke his mind and always had an opinion. His
outspokenness cost him jobs and earned him plenty of critics as well as
friends. Even his admirers acknowledged he could seem callous.

Underneath was compassion for people no one else would help and an
attraction to causes that seemed hopeless.

"He was one of the most unorthodox people you'll ever meet," said
attorney Michael Clark, who shared an office with Seeley.

Seeley enjoyed debate and didn't suffer fools. Principles were more
important than money. He favored an ancient Underwood typewriter over
modern electronic word processors. He loved fishing, flying airplanes,
horseback riding, reading, poker, storytelling and playing his cello. He
suffered setbacks that would have shattered many people, but he always
bounced back.

After leaving The News Tribune in 1988, Seeley made headlines as a civil
rights attorney and an advocate for medical use of marijuana. He won a
record $9 million verdict in his first court case, then saw the award
thrown out by the state Court of Appeals. In a case that brought
national attention, a judge gave Seeley the right to smoke marijuana to
ease the pain he suffered from cancer. But once again a higher court
reversed his victory.

Shortly after he left the newspaper, Seeley was diagnosed with chordoma,
a rare form of cancer. Doctors told him he had two years to live.

Seeley proved them wrong.

In the decade before his death, Seeley suffered more than a dozen
surgeries and lost a lung. He judged his quality of life by whether he
needed a walker or just a cane, or whether he could get out of bed at
all.

"Probably Ralph's greatest attribute - and his greatest deficit - was
his ego," Clark said. "I have never seen anyone with a larger ego than
Ralph. When Ralph had cancer, he decided it wouldn't kill him."

***

The Drug War

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: I have developed great respect for Ms. Huffingtons's
analytic abilities and her considerable writing skills. She has a good
ear for puffery and isn't shy about pointing it out, as this well
written piece shows; also her checking on the Speakers' bogus
statistical claims is a rarity among journalists covering the drug
war...

US CA: Editorial: Mr. Gingrich Goes to Hollywood
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n050.a08.html
Source: San Diego Union Tribune
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Pubdate: Wed, 21 Jan 1998

Newt Gingrich came to Hollywood last week and gave the same speech he'd
just given to the Cobb County Chamber of Commerce in Marietta, Ga. Which
might have been OK if it were a good speech. But it wasn't...

(snip)

The speaker began by inviting us to have "an adult conversation" - by
which he did not mean a raunchy NC-17 conversation but a "serious" one.
And here was the extremely grown-up point he made: "We should decide,"
he said, "to become a drug-free country." I had instant visions of
practicing positive thinking in front of my mirror: "I am deciding to
live in a drug-free country, I am deciding to live in a drug-free
country..."

But the speaker apparently wasn't so naive as to think that this alone
would do it. He had a plan - the same recycled "just say no" plan
thanks to which, he asserted, "drug use declined by two-thirds between
1984 and 1992." His next assertion was that suddenly the decline stopped
and it all "turned around in six weeks." But neither the speaker's
office, nor the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, nor PRIDE (the
National Parents' Resource Institute for Drug Education) could provide
any corroborating evidence for these statements.

The shallowness of his analysis of the drug problem was matched by the
shallowness of the rest of the speech...

(snip)

***

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: This is a fascinating story of an agent who
personifies several excesses of our national drug policy which might
have been considered astounding thirty or forty years ago, but to which
we have become inured:

1) We actually invaded a sovereign nation so the DEA, in the person of
this man, could make a drug bust.

2) The enormous lure of easily accessible drug profits has tempted
untold numbers of senior officials and will continue to do so. The
arrest of Noriega was a high profile event, clearly not given to just
any agent; yet this man was tempted to steal only a few years later.

3) It's far safer to steal money than deal drugs. This man confessed to
the theft of 3/4 of a million dollars, and served only two years. It's a
safe bet that many of the people he arrested received far longer
sentences based on the weight of an illegal substance worth far less
than 3/4 million..

4) Drug testing is quietly becoming very important- both as a tool for
the repression of dissent and as a source of revenue for a growing
narco-industrial complex.

US CA: Ex-Agent's Past Catches Public Agencies Off Guard
URL http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n056.a05.html
Source: San Diego Union-Tribune
Pubdate: Fri, 23 Jan 1998
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/

As a U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agent, Rene De La Cova was a
hero who slapped handcuffs on Manuel Noriega, helping turn the
Panamanian strongman into a convict.

A few years later, De La Cova himself became a criminal, serving prison
time for stealing $760,000 in laundered drug money while a DEA agent in
the Miami area.

Now he has surfaced in San Diego County - in the drug-testing business.

(snip)


Theresa De la Cova also is a former DEA agent. She was forced to resign
in 1994 when her husband pleaded guilty to stealing the funds while
working on an undercover drug sting, according to court records in
Miami...

(snip)

Rene De La Cova, a supervisor of the DEA's Fort Lauderdale, Fla., office
at the time of his arrest, remains on probation after being sentenced to
a two-year federal prison term. (snip) Legally, there is nothing
improper with De La Cova working in the drug-testing field -

(snip)

It also points to the lack of regulations in this part of a
multibillion-dollar industry that generally is heavily scrutinized
across the nation.

(snip)

***

International News

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: This important editorial is a well written litany of
drug war failures which takes the reader well beyond the "it just
doesn't work" conclusion into a consideration of why the obvious
failures cannot even be admitted. It's an editorial which could not have
been published in a main-stream US newspaper. When these questions can
finally be asked in the American press, we'll finally know that the days
of the drug war are numbered.

Reformers should be sure they download this entire editorial.

UK: How We Fought And Lost The Drugs World War
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n062.a01.html
Pubdate: Sun, 25 Jan 1998
Source: Independent on Sunday
Contact: sundayletters@independent.co.uk
Mail: Independent on Sunday, 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London E14
5DL England

Almost a tenth of world trade is in illegal narcotics. It is the
nightmare of our age. We investigate the men, the money, and how we let
the enemy win the battle.

For more than 25 years the United States and its Western allies,
including Britain, have waged the first world war on drugs. That war is
now lost. The most powerful nation on earth, which put a man on the moon
and defeated communism, has not been able to beat the drug barons of
small third world countries.

The unpalatable truth is that despite the longest war in American
history, today's world is awash with drugs. The breaking of the 1bn
heroin ring announced with such pride by Scotland Yard last week makes
scarcely a dent - three-quarters of all drugs still get through.

(snip)

***

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: The conclusions of this article are the perfect
refutation of McC's claims for the $195 million ad campaign the feds are
about to launch.

UK: OPED: Just Say No To A Drugs Campaign That Has Zero Resonance
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n061.a01.html
Pubdate: Sun, 25 Jan 1998
Source: Scotsman on Sunday
Contact: Letters_sos@scotsman.com

Alan Cochrane hopes Labour's new drugs policy will get down to the
grassroots issues without wasting money on advertising

In many ways it was a faintly ridiculous sight - all those middle-aged
politicians waddling around in sweatshirts and back-to-front basball
hats exhorting young people to stay off drugs. However, we shouldn't
necessarily berate the then Secretary of State Michael Forsyth for
launching his all- party initiative, Scotland Against Drugs.

Neither he nor George Robertson nor Alex Salmond, who joined him on the
battle-bus, could help their age or their lack of relevance to the young
people they were addressing...

(snip)

***

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: In one respect, China is tougher on drugs than the US
- they can, and do legally execute convicted drug dealers. However,
their use of arrest and imprisonment pales beside ours, especially when
one takes their much larger population into account; we arrested four
times as many just for marijuana violations as they did for all
"drug-related crimes."

To what extent drug use in China "was almost eradicated under harsh
communist crackdowns," can't, of course be known with certainty, because
the same totalitarian mind-set also rigidly controls information. It
makes sense in that an authoritarian regime is the only conceivable
setting for a "drug-free" society, but even then, my bet is that the
criminals would find a way to corrupt the bureaucracy .

The larger number of forced heroin detoxifications than total drug
arrests indicates that the criminal justice system is not as liberally
employed to harass users and addicts as in the US. The other
significance of the soaring use of heroin (as opposed to more
traditional opium) is that intensification of administration is a
classic prohibition effect. Heroin is replacing opium all over Southeast
Asia with a resultant explosion in new cases of AIDS.

WIRE: China Drug Busts, Detox Camp Inmates Soared Last Year
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n059.a09.html
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Source: Nando.net
Pubdate: Thu, 22 Jan 1998

BEIJING (Reuters) - China's tough crackdown on illegal narcotics last
year netted the country's biggest-ever drug haul and landed record
numbers of addicts in detoxification camps, state media and medical
therapists said on Wednesday.

China prosecuted a record 106,000 drug-related crimes in the first 11
months of last year, up 29 percent from the 1996 period, the Guangming
Daily said.

Authorities arrested or detained 135,000 people for drug crimes during
the period, up 57.8 percent year-on-year, and smashed 2,000 drug rings,
the Legal Daily said.

Most cases involved heroin or opium, but the report also mentioned
cannabis and crystal methamphetamine, or "ice."

Of the total drug cases, 108 involved heroin of more than 22 pounds, the
Guangming Daily said.

Experts said the sharp rise in cases showed stricter law enforcement to
combat the return of a problem China's communist authorities had all but
wiped out in the 1950s.

(snip)

China worst affected by drugs.

The number of people taken to China's 690 forced detoxification clinics
and to the 80 "detoxification-through-labor camps" also surged, the
Legal Daily said.

Heroin addicts were dragged to China's involuntary detoxification
institutions 180,000 times in the first 11 months, up 50,000 times from
the same period last year, the newspaper said.

(snip)

Medical workers told Reuters from Yunnan that many labor camps did not
stock drug substitutes used in easing the process of detoxification.

The brutality of forced detoxification, especially in the spartan labor
camps, often did more harm than good in the long term, one of the
therapists said.

(snip)

"Forcing addicts into a labor camp is not the best way to give people
the support and family warmth they need," she said.

Yunnan, in the southwestern corner of China, is the gateway for heroin
imports from the nearby Golden Triangle opium growing zone where Laos,
Thailand and Burma converge.

(snip)

Authorities have pledged to crack down on drug smuggling, but the porous
border and mountainous terrain of southern China where the problem is
most rampant makes enforcement difficult.

Drug smugglers are frequently executed in China.

In 1997, authorities seized more than five tons of heroin and 350 tons
of synthetic drugs, the Guangming Daily said.

Drug use in China was almost eradicated under harsh communist crackdowns
but has surged in recent years as two decades of economic reform have
eroded social controls.

Copyright 1998 Reuters

***

UK: Cannabis Campaign: All You Need Is Pot, Says McCartney
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n061.a10.html
Pubdate: Sunday, 25 Jan 1998
Source: Independent on Sunday
Contact: Email: cannabis@independent.co.uk

Cannabis, not LSD, was the creative force behind the Beatles' Sgt
Pepper's Lonely Hearts' Club Band album, Sir Paul McCartney revealed
last night, writes Tarquin Cooper.

He disclosed the drug's role in an interview with the Independent on
Sunday as it was announced that Sgt Pepper had been voted Britain's
favourite album in a poll for Channel 4. Sir Paul, a supporter of the
Independent on Sunday's cannabis campaign, recalled how he broke the
news of the influence of pot to the Beatles' producer, Sir George
Martin. "When George asked me, 'do you know what caused Pepper?' I said,
'in one word - pot'."

The producer refused to believe him saying, "But you weren't on it all
the time." Sir Paul said he had replied: "Yes, we were."

The album, featuring such hit songs as "Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds",
"A Day in the Life" and "With a Little Help from My Friends", has sold
more than 4 million copies world-wide since its release in 1967.

(snip)

***

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: It's interesting, though not surprising that 215 has
had an impact beyond the borders of the US, spurring interest in the
idea of medical marijuana in other countries. This development in
France, until recently an adamant supporter of drug war doctrine, is
most welcome.

France: Lobby Grows For Medicinal Marijuana
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n061.a02.html
Pubdate: 13 Jan 98
Source: Le Monde (France's largest newspaper)
Contact: Lemonde@vtcom.fr
Fax: 0011 (33) 1 40-652-525

The Movement for Controlled Legalisation (MLC), which advocates the sale
of narcotics under state control, has just asked the French health
minister, Bernard Kouchner, to authorise the import of 10kg of cannabis
for therapeutic use.

The jurists of the MLC base their arguments on articles of the public
health code that give the health authorities the right to authorise the
import and use of narcotics for medical or scientific research.

(snip)

The use of cannabis as a medicine was recently legalised in California.
Germany is considering prescribing drugs containing the active
ingredient of cannabis for Aids sufferers, and the Netherlands is
looking into the possibility of "medical marijuana" being paid for by
social security.

Ten patients who are MLC members and have medical certificates showing
that they suffer from such ailments as epilepsy, glaucoma, tinnitus,
headaches or HIV infection, have written to Kouchner describing the
relief they derive from cannabis. Some of them have been in trouble with
the law because of their practice...

(snip)

"These isolated medical observations do not constitute scientific proof,
and the virtues of cannabis have yet to be confirmed. In a recent
editorial, however, the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine came
out in favour of the "compassionate" use of such products by terminal
patients. Kouchner himself is in favour of such an approach. But it
remains to be seen what action he will take in response to the MLC's
request.

Copyright by (c) Le Monde, Paris

***

DRUGSENSE COMMENT: It shouldn't surprise us that the US campaign
financing scandal has a UK homologue, nor that it involved drug money.
After all, political campaigns have to be financed somehow, and it was
Britain's insistence on selling Indian opium in China that provoked the
first "drug war," only that one (the First Opium War-1839) was waged on
behalf of a free market. With American assistance, we have managed to
turn the drug market over to criminals who are then empowered to corrupt
"honest" politicians and finance political campaigns.

UK: The Ultimate Betrayal? Tories Took Money From A Heroin Baron
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n058.a10.html
Pubdate: Tue, 20 Jan 1998
Source: The Independent (UK)
Contact: letters@independent.co.uk

The Conservative Party received a 1m donation from one of south-east
Asia's most notorious drug smugglers, his family alleged yesterday.
Steve Boggan and Anthony Bevins report the latest, and probably most
damaging, instalment in the Tory funding controversy

Ma Sik-chun, 59, channelled the money to the party in June 1994,
according to a series of front-page articles yesterday in the Hong
Kong-based Oriental Daily News, which the Ma family owns...

(snip)

Three months after the donation was made, Ma Ching-kwan, Mr Ma's son,
was invited to dine with Mr Major at Downing Street. The Oriental Daily
News published a copy of the invitation and the menu - cucumber and
tarragon soup, roast lamb with rosemary and orange and caramelised lemon
tart.

Conservative Central Office last night strongly denied that the party
would accept donations with any strings attached.

(snip)

Last night the Conservative Party refused to discuss individual donors
but a spokesman said donations were never accepted with conditions
attached. "We will categorically say that the Conservative Party did not
or would not accept donations conditional on favours," the spokesman
said.

(snip)

Mr Major's office said he was in the United States yesterday and,
therefore, not available to explain why CK Ma's presence at Downing
Street on 27 September 1994 was not listed at the time as one of the
former Prime Minister's official engagements.

(snip)

Commenting on the donation a Labour Party spokesman said last night: "If
this is true, then it is both a disgrace and a disaster for the Tory
party.

"We have always said that once the source of their foreign funding
became known, it would be an enormous embarrassment from which it would
be difficult for them to recover. William Hague and his predecessors
have got some very serious questions to answer and we will keep pressing
them very persistently."

With Lord Neill's official inquiry into party funding already taking
written evidence, the bombshell charge could not have dropped at a worse
moment for Mr Hague.

***

TIP OF THE WEEK

New DrugNews Search Engine - find the info you want FAST

The New Drug News Search engine is really quite impressive. Did you
ever wish you could quickly find a news article you had heard about or vaguely
remember? Now the entire DrugSense news article archive is quickly and
easily searchable.

Want an example? Go to http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/

Do a search on any subject you like. In seconds you will have a number
(probably a large number) of news articles on the subject of interest,
cites, dates, quotes, email addresses etc. all at your fingertips _and_ the
word(s) you searched for will all be **highlighted**.

That means that the next time you want to win an argument, write a letter,
do a radio talk show, or do some research your information is there for you
quickly, easily, and reliabliy.

Try it....You'll like it!

***

HOT OFF THE 'NET

***

Prisons: Growth Industry Of The 90's

Tons of info. on how the prison industry is booming due to our War On
Drugs. Please visit: http://www.pressenter.com/~davewest/prisons/

***

DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers
our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can
do for you.

Editor: Tom Hawkins, thawkins@mapinc.org
News Review Comments: Tom O'Connell, Tjeffoc@sirius.com
Senior Editor: Mark Greer, mgreer@mapinc.org

We wish to thank each and every one of our contributors.

NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest
in receiving the included information for research and educational
purposes.

Mark Greer
Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc.
d/b/a DrugSense
MGreer@mapinc.org
http://www.DrugSense.org/
http://www.mapinc.org

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