------------------------------------------------------------------- NORML Weekly News (Republican Coalition Proposes Life Without Parole For Kansas Marijuana Growers; Oakland, Mendocino County, And Santa Cruz Officials Pledge Support For Medical Cannabis Dispensaries Named In Federal Lawsuit; Hawaii Supreme Court Strikes Down Marijuana Challenge; School Anti-Drug Programs Preaching Zero Tolerance Receive Failing Grade From National Research Journal) From: NORMLFNDTN@aol.com Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 17:58:53 EST Subject: NORML WPR 2/5/98 (II) A NON-PROFIT LEGAL, RESEARCH, AND EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION THE NORML FOUNDATION 1001 CONNECTICUT AVENUE NW SUITE 710 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 T 202-483-8751 o F 202-483-0057 E-MAIL NORMLFNDTN@AOL.COM Internet http://www.norml.org . . . a weekly service for the media on news items related to marijuana prohibition. February 5, 1998 Republican Coalition Proposes Life Without Parole For Kansas Marijuana Growers February 5, 1997, Topeka, KS: A Republican coalition of 38 state representatives is backing legislation that imposes a sentence of life without parole to any individual convicted of growing 100 or more marijuana plants. "This legislation would enact one of the most severe anti-marijuana statutes in the country," said NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup, Esq. "It is shocking to believe that this is the direction some states are heading in regards to non-violent marijuana offenses, especially at a time when much of the Western world is shifting toward policies of marijuana decriminalization." House Bill 2367, presently before the House Judiciary Committee, applies to persons who grow marijuana as well as those who possess significant quantities of the drug. The Committee held its third hearing on the bill Monday, but has yet to take any serious action. The Committee must decide on all pending legislation by February 28. "Since the potential harm stemming from the cultivation of 100 or more marijuana plants is relatively minor when compared to violent offenses, it is impossible to justify this sort of mandatory punishment," said Tanya Kangas, Director of Litigation for The NORML Foundation. Kansas law currently allows inmates convicted of capital murder or murder in the first degree to be eligible for parole after serving 25 years of their sentence, Kangas noted. "Apparently, Kansas Republicans are prepared to punish non-violent marijuana growers more severely than murderers," she said. Presently, federal law mandates a five year sentence for persons found growing 100 marijuana plants. For more information, please contact either Paul Armentano or Keith Stroup of NORML @ (202) 483-5500. *** Local Officials Pledge Support For Medical Cannabis Dispensaries Named In Federal Lawsuit February 5, 1997, Oakland, CA: Officials in Oakland, Mendocino County, and Santa Cruz unanimously passed resolutions condemning the federal government's effort to close down local cannabis buyers' clubs. "It is important that the governmental leaders in the jurisdiction[s] most directly impacted by the federal lawsuit are unanimous," said Oakland attorney Robert Raich who, along with NORML Legal Committee member William Panzer, represents the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Club. "Republicans and Democrats alike recognize that medical marijuana distribution benefits both public health and safety. The Clinton administration should heed their call and immediately dismiss the lawsuit with prejudice." Last week, a U.S. district court judge combined the six cases against the clubs into one. The facilities targeted in the federal complaint are: San Francisco Cannabis Cultivators' Club, the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, San Francisco Flower Therapy, the Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana, the Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club, and the Ukiah Cannabis Buyers' Club. To date, not a single public official in any of the communities served by the six dispensaries have endorsed the federal action. "Public officials are satisfied with the way cannabis buyers' clubs are implementing the spirit of Proposition 215," said NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup, Esq. "They oppose attempts from Washington to stifle the will of the voters and the needs of seriously ill patients who depend on these facilities." Oakland city officials called the local buyers' club "a well-organized, safe, and responsible" facility, and urged the federal government "to desist from any and all actions that pose obstacles to access to cannabis for Oakland residents." Similarly, the Mendocino Board of Supervisors resolved its support for the Ukiah Cannabis Buyers' Club, and further called on Congress to conduct hearings on the legalization of marijuana. The Santa Cruz City Council resolved to support the Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club as well as a local dispensary not named in the suit, The Wo/Men's Alliance for Medical Marijuana. Public hearings in the federal lawsuit are scheduled to begin on March 24. For more information, please contact either Dale Gieringer of California NORML @ (415) 563-5858 or Attorney William Panzer @ (510) 834-1892. *** Hawaii Supreme Court Strikes Down Marijuana Challenge February 5, 1997, Honolulu, HI: Hawaii's 1978 privacy amendment to the state constitution does not allow individuals to possess or use marijuana for recreational purposes, the Hawaii Supreme Court ruled on Friday. "In as much as we are convinced that the [1978 Constitutional Convention] delegates who adopted the privacy provision did not intend to legalize contraband drugs, we also believe that the voters who later ratified the privacy provision did not intend such a result," Associate Justice Mario Ramil stated in a 36-page opinion. He was joined by Chief Justice Ronald Moon. Justices Robert Klein and Paula Nakayama wrote a separate concurring opinion, and Associate Justice Steven Levinson dissented. The 4-1 decision affirmed the petty misdemeanor conviction of Lloyd Mallan, who was caught smoking marijuana in his car in 1990. Mallan's challenge -- which had been pending before the Hawaiian Supreme Court for four years -- was the first time the high court ruled on whether the 1978 privacy amendment legalized the simple possession of marijuana. Justice Ramil ruled that Mallan did not have a "fundamental right" to smoke marijuana recreationally. However, the Court's opinion specified that the ruling did not address the use of marijuana for medicinal or spiritual purposes. "It appears that the court is leaving the door open for future constitutional challenges, particularly on the medical use issue," NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup, Esq. said. For more information, please contact Keith Stroup of NORML @ (202) 483-5500 or Donald Topping of The Drug Policy Forum of Hawaii @ (808) 988-6287. *** School Anti-Drug Programs Preaching "Zero Tolerance" Receive Failing Grade From National Research Journal February 5, 1998, Thousand Oaks, CA: The most comprehensive collection of scientific evidence to date suggests that "zero tolerance" drug prevention programs such as D.A.R.E. fail to prevent drug use among America's youth, states the February issue of the national research journal Evaluation Review. Research published in the issue also indicates that "misleading or inadequate evaluation methods [are] being used to justify these programs' widespread application." Five new studies provide evidence that "current programs and their conceptually flawed underpinnings cannot consistently prevent youth from using or abusing substances," said Dr. Joel Brown of the Center for Educational Research and Development. "Th[is] research ... represents one of the first coordinated attempts to challenge the myopic approach to program evaluation and look at the broader issues of students' well-being." The federal government currently spends about $2.4 billion annually on youth drug prevention programs, according to General Accounting Office (GAO) 1997 estimates. For more information, please contact either Michael Shellenberger of Communication Works @ (415) 255-1946 or Allen St. Pierre of The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751. -END- MORE THAN 11 MILLION MARIJUANA ARRESTS SINCE 1965...ANOTHER EVERY 49 SECONDS!
------------------------------------------------------------------- NORML Redesigns, Updates World Wide Web Site (New Attractions At 100-Plus-Page Site Include Feature Allowing Visitors To Send Free Faxes To Their Members Of Congress) From: NORMLFNDTN@aol.com Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 16:23:41 EST Subject: Announcement: New NORML homepage debuts (II) For Immediate Release 2/5/98: TAKE THE QUIZ: HOW MANY HAVE INHALED? WHO'S THE TOUGHEST PRESIDENT ON POT SMOKERS? Send a free fax, follow the medical marijuana controversy at NORML's Web site! February 5, 1998, Washington, DC - How many American have been busted for pot smoking? How many have inhaled? Which President has seen the most marijuana arrests on his watch.? Test your knowledge in the interactive quiz at NORML's new Web site at www.norml.org. NORML is the national nonprofit lobbying organization working to reform marijuana laws since 1970. Visitors can also send free faxes to their members of Congress, urging them to free the states to regulate medical marijuana. "Medical marijuana issues will be on the ballots in several states this year and the new NORML Web site is a great resource for anyone interested in this issue and anything else related to the on-going controversies about marijuana and drug prohibitions," explains R. Keith Stroup, executive director of NORML. The NORML site contains hundreds of pages of information and documents on the medical marijuana issue, prosecution of pot smokers, state-by-state lists of current laws and reform efforts, and a section on drug testing. Visitors are also invited to sign up for a free e-mail newsletter and to become NORML supporters. NORML Foundation Executive Director Allen St. Pierre said, "Whether you're a student, activist, medical patient, government official, politician, representative of the media or inquiring citizen in search of accurate and verifiable information on cannabis--the new and improved NORML homepage is the site to 'bookmark'. With both organization's information posted on the site, our great hope is that www.norml.org will serve as the internet's one-stop shop for up-to-date news and information about cannabis and our public education and law reform efforts." The new NORML site was created by Mal Warwick & Associates, Berkeley. Jo-D Harrison is the WebSlave. For more information, call Keith Stroup @ NORML (202) 483-5500 or Allen St. Pierre at The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751. Or visit the site at www.norml.org. In America, a citizen is arrested every 49 seconds on marijuana charges...over 11 million since 1965!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Shootout Suspect Indicted On 13 Counts (Latest From 'The Oregonian' On Shooting Death In Portland Marijuana Task Force Warrantless Break-In) February 5, 1998 Shootout suspect indicted on 13 counts Steven Douglas Dons, accused of killing a Portland police officer, could face more charges By David R. Anderson of The Oregonian staff A Multnomah County grand jury Wednesday indicted Steven Douglas Dons on 13 counts of aggravated murder, attempted aggravated murder and assault in a shooting last week that killed a Portland police officer and injured two others. Prosecutors have not presented evidence to the grand jury related to weapons or marijuana plants found in the house where Dons lived at 2612 S.E. 111th Ave. "The investigation is continuing, and additional charges probably will be presented later on," said James McIntyre, a Multnomah County senior deputy district attorney. Investigators are looking into Dons' background to see whether he can be charged as a felon in possession of a firearm. In addition, a grenade launcher found at the scene could lead to federal charges. Investigators will ask for help from the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, McIntyre said. Dons, 37, is scheduled to be arraigned Friday, probably in the hospital, McIntyre said. Authorities transferred Dons on Tuesday to Adventist Medical Center, where he is being held in a locked and guarded facility. He remains in fair condition, said Lisa Carter, a hospital spokeswoman. Dons' attorney, Andrew Bates, could not be reached Wednesday by telephone but has said he cannot comment on the case. McIntyre said prosecutors would press the case against Dons as a death penalty case, but that won't become an issue unless Dons is convicted. "That's up to a jury to decide," McIntyre said. He said he could not comment on whether he presented evidence to the grand jury about Jeffrey H. Moore, 44, who rented the house in which Dons was living. "The investigation is continuing," McIntyre said. Twelve people testified before the grand jury during three days, including Dons' brother, John Dons. The 13 counts include two counts of aggravated murder, one under the theory that Dons murdered a law enforcement officer and the other under the theory that he committed murder to conceal another crime, in this case marijuana growing. The other charges are nine counts of attempted aggravated murder and two counts of assault. On Jan. 27, Portland police went to the house where Dons lived to investigate a possible marijuana growing operation. When they knocked on the door, no one answered. Officers smelled marijuana, and as they waited for a search warrant, they saw smoke coming out a chimney that smelled like marijuana smoke. Fearing that someone was destroying evidence, officers broke down the front door and were met with a hail of gunfire. Officer Colleen Waibel, 44, was killed. Officer Kim Keist, 39, was seriously wounded, and Sgt. Jim Hudson, 42, was slightly wounded in the hand. Police took Dons into custody after a 21/2-hour standoff. He had been shot once in the chest during the initial exchange of gunfire. Keist is in fair condition at Legacy Emanuel Hospital, said June Crawford, a hospital spokeswoman. Keist has done some walking and is eating. "She has progressed but still has a long way to go considering the injuries she sustained," Crawford said. Police found 51 marijuana plants and at least 10 guns, including two SKS semiautomatic rifles, in the house where Dons lived. Police continued to refuse to comment on the investigation Wednesday. They did say that one officer's gun had jammed, said Lt. Cliff Madison, a Portland police spokesman. Search warrant documents indicate that one of two Glock semiautomatic weapons that were recovered from the house's porch had a spent round in the chamber, 15 rounds in the magazine and the trigger depressed. It appeared the gun had been fired at least once before jamming, Madison said. Semiautomatic weapons occasionally jam and usually can be cleared in a second by an experienced shooter, Madison said. Investigators will determine what caused the gun to jam.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dons Faces Aggravated Murder, Assault Charges (Version From KOIN, Portland's CBS Affiliate) KOIN Channel 6 Portland, Oregon http://www.koin.com/ letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org Dons Faces Aggravated Murder, Assault Charges - Wounded Officer's Condition Downgraded After Additional Surgery PORTLAND, Updated 8:38 a.m. February 05, 1998 -- Prosecutors say they will seek the death penalty against Steven Douglas Dons if he is convicted of aggravated murder in a shooting that killed a Portland police officer and wounded two others. Dons, 37, also faces charges of attempted aggravated murder and assault. He was indicted Wednesday by a Multnomah County grand jury. Arraignment is scheduled Friday, probably in the hospital where he is recovering from a gunshot wound to the chest, said James McIntyre, a Multnomah County senior deputy district attorney. Authorities transferred Dons on Tuesday to Adventist Medical Center, where he is being held in a locked and guarded facility. He remains in fair condition, said Lisa Carter, a hospital spokeswoman. McIntyre said the death penalty wouldn't become an issue unless Dons is convicted. "That's up to a jury to decide," he said. Officer Colleen Waibel, 44, (pictured, above), was killed Jan. 27 when police broke down the door of Dons' home during an investigation into a possible marijuana growing operation. Two other officers were wounded in the incident. The officers were met with a hail of gunfire when they entered the home. Dons was arrested after a 2-hour standoff. He had been shot once during the initial exchange of gunfire with police. McIntyre said prosecutors did not present evidence to the grand jury related to the large cache of weapons or marijuana plants found in the house. "The investigation is continuing, and additional charges probably will be presented later on," he said. Investigators are looking into Dons' background to see whether he can be charged as a felon in possession of a firearm. In addition, a grenade launcher found at the scene could lead to federal charges. Investigators will ask for help from the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, McIntyre said. Dons' attorney, Andrew Bates, could not be reached Wednesday by telephone but has said he cannot comment on the case. Meanwhile, the condition of officer Kim Keist, who was seriously wounded, has been downgraded to serious at Legacy Emanuel Hospital, a hospital spokeswoman said. She underwent more surgery after complications arose from her wounds. She suffered injury to her kidneys, liver and other organs in the incident. Previous stories: Feb. 03: Cameras May Have Caught Shootout Jan. 30: Almost 5,000 Pay Respects to Slain Officer Jan. 30: Funeral Today for Slain Officer Jan. 28: City Mourns Officer's Death Jan. 28: Shooting Sparks Gun Control Issue Jan. 27: Katz and Moose Respond to Tragedy Jan. 27: Police Officer Fatally Shot Copyright 1998 by The Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Demonstration In Support Of Methadone Clinic (News Release From Floyd Ferris Landrath Of American Antiprohibition League Announces Demonstration February 7 In Portland) Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 03:20:18 -0800 (PST) From: Anti-Prohibition Lg
To: AAL@inetarena.com Subject: ACTION: SUPPORT DEMO METHADONE CLINIC/HR AMERICAN ANTIPROHIBITION LEAGUE "Drug War, or 3125 SE BELMONT STREET PORTLAND OREGON 97214 Drug Peace?" 503-235-4524 fax:503-234-1330 Email:AAL@InetArena.com Release Date: Thursday, Feb. 5, 1998 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE ACTION NOTICE DEMONSTRATION OF SUPPORT FOR LOCAL METHADONE CLINIC SATURDAY, FEB. 7, 9-11A.M. 2600 SE Belmont Street (bus #15) Portland PLEASE HELP YOUR ANTIPROHIBITION LEAGUE TO 1) Show community support for clinic/methadone maintenance 2) Encourage dialog between clinic operators and community 3) Educate community about benefits of Harm Reduction * 4) Support recovering addicts 5) Reduce stigma of addiction (Sign making party Thursday, 7:30 p.m. at the League office) * -- The Swiss model, heroin maintenance The Swiss are getting very good results with both heroin and methadone maintenance. The Swiss trick is taking addicts from where they are, rather than demand them to be immediately drug-free or simply switch drugs and dealers. In the last 3 years over 1,000 hard-core heroin addicts, all VOLUNTARILY enrolled from 18 different treatment centers across Switzerland, have been stabilized. Some of the addicts have gone on to abstinence, others are slowly reducing their daily dosage. Over 90 percent are gainfully employed and their families kept together. Drug-related crime, HIV, overdose and the heroin black- market have plummeted in the areas of the program, which will be going nationwide in the next 2 years. A referendum passed last summer by Swiss voters demonstrated overwhelming public support, for heroin maintenance. Now the Swiss are actually closing no longer needed prisons as they expand drug programs like this one. The Dutch, by the way, are soon to follow and a national dialogue is now under way in Australia over an heroin trial similar to the Swiss model. Meanwhile back on the drug infested streets of Portland, methadone maintenance provides us with a good model of how society could better control a drug like heroin. Methadone maintenance strongly suggest, by simple extension, that heroin maintenance would work even better. We have a choice: Addicts and dealers running wild on our streets, or well regulated clinics run by medical doctors working in concert with the community. ACTION NOTICE R E M I N D E R DEMONSTRATION OF SUPPORT FOR LOCAL METHADONE CLINIC SATURDAY, FEB. 7, 9-11A.M. 2600 SE Belmont Street (bus #15) Portland This demo is especially important in light of the fact that this particular clinic was vandalized recently when persons unknown put glue in all the door locks. Please come to the demo, hold a sign for awhile and show your support for Harm Reduction and those fighting addiction. Thank you. Floyd.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Strip-Search Case Will Be Reviewed By State Police ('The Oregonian' Follows Up On Story About Teacher With Badge In McMinnville, Oregon, Violating Rights Of As Many As 30 Teenage Girls - Police Officer Who Ordered Searches Permanently Transferred To Patrol Duty)Date: Fri, 06 Feb 1998 04:43:40 -0800 From: Paul Freedom
Organization: Oregon State Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots , "email@example.com" Subject: CanPat> Strip-search case will be reviewed by state police Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org February 5, 1998 Strip-search case will be reviewed by state police Detectives' investigation of the McMinnville incident will begin today with interviews with Duniway students By Dana Tims of The Oregonian staff McMINNVILLE - Oregon State Police detectives will begin interviews this morning with the McMinnville middle school students who say they were strip-searched last week. The McMinnville police officer who ordered the searches, Kent Stuart, 47, has been permanently transferred out of his school-based position to patrol duty. "It's not a demotion," said Rodney C. Brown, the city's police chief. "It's a lateral transfer." Brown declined to comment on the investigation, but he defended the cops-in-school program, calling it exceptionally popular and effective at instilling life skills in the students who get to know the officer in their building. The state police investigation into the Jan. 29 incident at Duniway Middle School will take from five to 10 days, possibly longer, said Lt. Mike White, who will supervise the crew of four detectives. The detectives, all of whom have backgrounds in crimes against children, will work in teams of two consisting of one man and one woman, White said. Interviews with as many as 30 students, as well as the school administrators and McMinnville Police Department personnel involved, most likely will be conducted at the school, he said. White emphasized that the state police investigation will focus on possible criminal violations stemming from the searches, as well as the alleged theft activity at the school that triggered the searches. Any possible violations of either McMinnville police or Duniway school policies would be left to those jurisdictions to investigate, he said. "We're going to be looking to see if an officer overstepped the bounds of his authority," White said. "Right now, we're hearing many varying stories because varying things appear to have happened." Information from the interviews will be passed to Yamhill County District Attorney Brad Berry, who will decide whether to take any alleged wrongdoing to a grand jury. The most likely charge would encompass official misconduct, White said. It is either a felony or a misdemeanor, depending on the circumstances. First-degree official misconduct, a felony, requires a finding that someone "knowingly performs an act which constitutes an unauthorized exercise in official duties," according to Oregon law. Dramatically different versions of the incident have emerged. Several girls say a number of students were taken to a separate room during gym class last Thursday and ordered to pull down their pants and underwear and shake out their bras. The searches occurred after someone had ransacked the girls' locker room. Some girls contend that Stuart, with the assistance of Patricia Jenkins, the school's vice principal, directed two women employees of the police department to conduct the searches. Some girls also say that their requests to notify their parents before the searches were denied. School officials have said that the girls were told to loosen their pants and shake out their bras but stopped short of saying that the girls were ordered to remove clothing. Brown, the police chief, has said that the girls were told to remove only their shoes and coats. If true, the incident would appear, at the very least, to violate the school district's student rights and responsibilities handbook. "When (police) interrogation takes place in school, as elsewhere, and the student is a focal suspect, he or she is entitled to be advised of his or her rights, which includes the right to counsel and the right to remain silent," reads the handbook, which is distributed annually to all students. School district Superintendent Elaine Taylor and Duniway Principal Mickey Toft declined to speak with reporters Wednesday regarding the incident. Jenkins, reached at her McMinnville residence, said only, "I'm not talking to anyone, thank you." She has been placed on paid administrative leave pending the outcomes of the state police criminal investigation and any subsequent review of policies the district undertakes. Jenkins, 50, was hired by the Beaverton School District in 1979 as a language arts teacher. In 1984, she received a master's degree from Lewis & Clark College. She completed a school administrator preparation program there four years later. She was an acting vice principal for the district for four months in 1992 before resigning. She was hired that fall at Duniway. If she is fired for her part in the incident, she could appeal the decision to the Fair Dismissal Appeals Board, a state panel that reviews teacher and administrator dismissals. A possible defense could allow Jenkins to say she was acting on Stuart's orders to aid in the search. The law enabling the defense, passed during the last legislative session, was referred to by some as "contempt of cop." It requires citizens to obey an officer's lawful orders.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Panel Defers Action On Marijuana Bill ('Honolulu Star-Bulletin' Says Hawaii Legislature's House Health Committee 'Deferred For Further Study' HB 2403, Medical-Marijuana Bill Introduced By Representative David Tarnas, Democrat From South Kohala) Date: Sat, 07 Feb 1998 18:25:27 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service (email@example.com) From: Richard Lake (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: MN: US HI: Panel Defers Action On Marijuana Bill Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Don Topping Source: Honolulu Star-Bulletin Author: Helen Altonn Pubdate: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 Contact: email@example.com Editorss note: The following are some other Hawaii newspapers: Haleakala Times on Maui (firstname.lastname@example.org), West Hawaii Today (email@example.com), Hawaii Tribune Herald (firstname.lastname@example.org), Maui Times (email@example.com), Molokai Advertiser News (firstname.lastname@example.org), Kau Landing (email@example.com) PANEL DEFERS ACTION ON MARIJUANA BILL Victoria Rectenwald, who suffers from severe asthma and threat of lung failure, held up syringes she constantly carries for drug injections. "This is what I consider hard drugs," she said. Rectenwald, an oceanographic researcher, was among residents and groups today urging the House Health Committee to approve a bill legalizing medical use of marijuana. The committee deferred the bill for further study. Benefits of marijuana to people with severe nausea, pain, glaucoma, AIDS and other conditions were described in testimony on HB2403, introduced by Rep. David Tarnas (D.), South Kohala. Law enforcement, health and anti-drug officials protested the measure, arguing that it would violate federal law, encourage marijuana-growing and send a mixed message to kids. Capt. Alvin Nishimura of the Honolulu Police Department said findings of more than 12,000 scientific studies on marijuana show no conclusive evidence that marijuana smoking is safe for medicinal purposes. He said marijuana use appears to be growing among Hawaii's teens and would get worse if permitted for medical conditions. Dorothy Cornell, 71, said she's "an expert patient" subject to nausea from cancer treatments, and that no drugs prescribed for her have worked. "I don't care if it's (marijuana) unsafe if I'm dying. Who cares?" Dr. Len Howard, Hawaii Medical Association president, said in written testimony that no objective studies have been conducted in controlled settings to indicate marijuana is useful or better than usual therapies.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Media Awareness Project Focus Alert Number 51 - Lungren Lies (MAP Orchestrates Online Outrage Over California Attorney General's Assertion To 'Sacramento Bee' That Teen Use Of Marijuana Has Increased In California, Arizona, Due To Medical Marijuana Initiatives) Date: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 15:34:14 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer
Subject: FOCUS ALERT No. 55 Lungren Lies FOCUS Alert #55 Week of February 1, 1998 IF THIS DOESN'T GET YOU TO WRITE A LETTER PLEASE TELL US WHAT WILL! Send ideas to MGreer@mapinc.org A published letter can have a value of hundreds or thousands of dollars for reform and can effect millions of readers. It is a great (perhaps the best) way for a reform minded person to spend their time. *** Folks: Dan Lungren needs to be slammed for this lie (details below). And, the paper needs to be chastised for printing anything Lungren says without checking the facts. This is a known anti-215 campaigner. The paper should have looked at his comments with a good dose of doubt. *** The original article: Currently unavailable *** SAMPLE LTE and FACTS: In the Sacramento Bee ("Lungren: Medical pot spurs teen drug use," Feb. 3, 1998), Attorney General Lungren was reported as blaming a recent rise in teen drug use on Prop. 215, claiming that Arizona and California were the only two states in the nation to report an increase in teen drug use. In fact, there exist no data on drug use in California since passage of Prop. 215. According to Lungren's press office, the basis for his claim was the latest National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), which dates from 1996 - before Prop. 215 was in effect! Neither is there any basis for Lungren's claim that Arizona and California, the two states that passed medical marijuana measures, are the only two states to have shown increased drug use. Except for California, which showed a statistically insignificant increase in 1996, the Household Survey did not record breakdowns of data for other states: any trends in Arizona or the other 48 states are therefore entirely speculative. According to SAMHSA researchers, there is no evidence for Lungren's claim that medical marijuana initiatives have spurred teenage pot use. However, there does exist ample evidence that teenagers and voters should disbelieve Attorney General Lungren's mendacious claims about drugs. (Thanks to Ellen Komp for researching this story) *** PLEASE SEND US A COPY OF YOUR LETTER Please post your letters to the MAPTalk list if you are subscribed, or return a copy to me at this address by simply hitting REPLY to this FOCUS Alert or emailing to MGreer@mapinc.org THREE REASONS WHY THIS IS _VERY_ IMPORTANT 1) This is how we track and measure our success and impress potential funders. 2) Your letter will be posted - It will help motivate others to follow suit. 3) You efforts provide an example - giving others ideas on what to write about. *** EDITORIAL HELP Forward your rough draft to email@example.com for editorial review if you wish some editorial help (Strongly suggested if you use MAP or any reform org name in your letter). If you would rather write to your local paper on this topic please do so but still send us a copy. "IT'S NOT WHAT OTHERS DO IT'S WHAT YOU DO." *** CONTACT INFO Please send your letter regarding this week's Focus to the Sacramento Bee OP-ED pieces (750 WORD MAX) firstname.lastname@example.org LTEs Opinion@sacbee.com and any other paper(s) which you wish to write to from the list below Remember: Your name, address, city, and *phone number* are required by most publications in order to publish your letter. Only your name and city will be printed. Pen names may be used if you prefer. *** Email addresses of California newspapers include: email@example.com (Contra Costa County Times, Calif.) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Francisco Chronicle) email@example.com (Daily Collegian, CSU, Fresno) firstname.lastname@example.org (Long Beach Press Telegram) email@example.com (San Francisco Review of Books) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Jose Metro) email@example.com (Daily Trojan, USC) firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com (San Diego Mission Times Courier) firstname.lastname@example.org (Davis Enterprise) email@example.com (The Stockton Record) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Mateo Times) email@example.com (Feather River Canyon News) firstname.lastname@example.org (Half Moon Bay Review) email@example.com (Victorville Daily Press) firstname.lastname@example.org (Tahoe Daily Tribune) email@example.com (Los Angeles Downtown News) firstname.lastname@example.org (LA Weekly) email@example.com (BLK, LTE's) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Francisco Examiner) email@example.com (Los Angeles Times) firstname.lastname@example.org (The Orange County Register) email@example.com (Modesto Bee) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Francisco Bay Guardian) email@example.com (San Jose Mercury News) letters@TheReporter.com (Vacaville Reporter) firstname.lastname@example.org (San Diego Union Tribune) email@example.com (Los Gatos Weekly-Times) firstname.lastname@example.org (The Bakersfield Californian, Local Editor) email@example.com (The Bakersfield Californian, Online Editor) firstname.lastname@example.org (BLK, Editorial) email@example.com (Bakersfield,Californian,Opinion Editor) firstname.lastname@example.org (Pacifica Tribune) email@example.com (Palo Alto Weekly) firstname.lastname@example.org (Santa Rosa Press Democrat) email@example.com (Sacramento Bee) firstname.lastname@example.org (Santa Cruz County Sentinel News Desk) email@example.com (Santa Cruz County Sentinel) firstname.lastname@example.org (Ridgecrest Daily Independent) email@example.com (San Francisco Examiner) firstname.lastname@example.org (S.F. Examiner Magazine) email@example.com (San Luis Obispo Telegram Tribune) firstname.lastname@example.org (Saratoga News) email@example.com (Los Altos Town Crier) firstname.lastname@example.org (Urb Los Angeles) email@example.com (Los Angeles Downtown News) firstname.lastname@example.org (Ventura County Star) email@example.com (Daily Bruin, UCLA Viewpoint) webmaster@TheUnion.com (The Union (Grass Valley/Nevada City) firstname.lastname@example.org (Pasadena Weekly) Just DO it! NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drugs And Welfare (Letter To Editor Of 'Orange County Register' Assumes One Meaning In Nurses' Assertion That Overdoses Peak When Welfare Checks Arrive - That Poor Disproportionately Use Illicit Drugs - As Opposed To Being Most Ignorant About Drug Use And Most Vulnerable To Toxic Cutting Agents Used By Street Peddlers) Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 18:04:26 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: LTE: Drugs And Welfare Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 DRUGS AND WELFARE I wondered how many people noticed the paragraph buried in an AP story on San Francisco drug hospitalizations. It cited nurses as saying that overdoses peak right after public assistance checks arrive. This disclosure bolsters my conviction that social welfare programs without accountability tend to corrupt and destroy the very people they were meant to help. No wonder we're losing the war on drugs-we're subsidizing abusers. Abusers should be offered a one-time-only drug treatment, followed by a self-help program on the order of Alcoholics Anonymous. Repeat offenders should be kicked off all public assistance. I realize this doesn't address the problem of what to do with their children, but do we really do them a favor by leaving them in drug-using, welfare-abusing homes? Requiring random drug tests of welfare recipients wouldn't violate their freedom because there is no constitutional right to live off other people's money. (no name available)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabis Clubs Voted Out Of Thousand Oaks (Short Version Of Yesterday's News About Noncompliance With California Health And Safety Code 11362.5, From 'Orange County Register') Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 18:04:34 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Cannabis Clubs Voted Out of Thousand Oaks Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 CANNABIS CLUB VOTED OUT OF THOUSAND OAKS Say goodbye to any notion that a medicinal cannabis dispensary will be allowed in Thousand Oaks. Barring a change in federal or state law,the City Council effectively locked out such establishments Tuesday by deciding to write strict guidelines for such operations. The Council also declared that the Rainbow Country Venture County Medical Cannabis Center-run out of a Thousand Oaks Boulevard office park since September-is not permitted to operate in the city.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Restraining Order Closes Outlet For Medical Marijuana ('Los Angeles Times' Says Only Medical Marijuana Dispensary In Ventura County, California, Closed Its Doors Wednesday And Will Not Reopen Until March 2 - Depending On Judge's Decision) Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 18:04:07 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Restraining Order Closes Outlet for Medical Marijuana Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: 213-237-4712 Pubdate: February 5, 1998 Author: Kate Folmar, Times Staff Writer RESTRAINING ORDER CLOSES OUTLET FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA Prop. 215: Prosecutors and cannabis seller accept judge's decision to shut down dispensary at least until March court hearing on its legality. THOUSAND OAKS--The owner of Ventura County's only medical marijuana outlet closed her doors Wednesday and will not reopen them before March 2, allowing a judge time to consider whether to shutter the cannabis center for good. With the consent of county prosecutors and medicinal marijuana activist Andrea Nagy, Superior Court Judge William L. Peck on Wednesday issued a temporary restraining order against the Rainbow Country Ventura County Medical Cannabis Center in Thousand Oaks. The order will prevent Nagy and her boyfriend, Robert Carson, from selling marijuana to people with such diseases as cancer, glaucoma, AIDS and multiple sclerosis at least until the March court hearing. It was the second blow to Nagy's operation in two days, coming after a decision by the Thousand Oaks City Council to write stiff new zoning rules that could ban marijuana dispensaries. "Let me issue this temporary restraining order without it being any indication of how I'm going to rule" on prosecutors' requests for preliminary and permanent injunctions, Peck said Wednesday. "It's simply restraining the defendants from distributing, selling or otherwise making available marijuana to anybody other than themselves for medicinal purposes," he added. "It's shutting down the facility for a short period of time." However, "Andrea and Robert will be able to grow and possess and cultivate medical cannabis for their own personal use," said Nagy's attorney, James M. Silva. "They cannot provide cannabis to others." At the March 2 hearing, Peck will consider a request from the Ventura County district attorney's office for a preliminary injunction that would close the area's first and only marijuana dispensary until a civil suit against Nagy goes to trial. In the interim, Nagy's legal team will have time to file briefs explaining why the center should remain open. Contending that the cannabis center is a threat to public health and safety and engages in "anti-competitive, unfair, fraudulent and unlawful business practices," the district attorney's office on Monday filed a civil suit seeking to permanently close the pot outlet. Nagy opened the center in Thousand Oaks about a year after California voters approved the medical marijuana initiative, Proposition 215, in 1996. County prosecutors are also requesting permission to seize the cannabis center's furniture, destroy its thriving back-room crop and possibly fine Nagy and Carson more than $25,000 each. But the ultimate goal is compliance with the law, not fines, Deputy Dist. Atty. Mitch Disney said. By agreeing to temporarily close her doors, Nagy avoided a harsher restraining order proposed by Disney. Nonetheless, the prosecutor called the order fair. "The judge enforced California law," Disney said. "The restraining order recognizes that the people of California, in enacting Prop. 215, did not intend to legalize the sale of marijuana or the warehousing of large quantities of the drug." However, Peck would not allow police to seize Nagy's thriving marijuana crop, as Disney had requested. Recently, the 28-year-old Nagy has found herself embroiled in legal and zoning battles with county prosecutors and Thousand Oaks city leaders. Officials treated her gingerly when her cannabis center opened in an office park in September, awaiting court interpretation of the state's voter-approved medical marijuana initiative. The topic is a tricky one because the new state law conflicts with federal laws that prohibit growing, distributing or possessing the illicit weed. But a December appellate decision, which said Proposition 215 did not make cannabis centers legal, seems to have emboldened local authorities. That decision, which was related to a very large San Francisco pot club, is being appealed to the state Supreme Court. Now Nagy, a legal secretary who uses marijuana to treat her chronic migraines, has been barraged with challenges to her dispensary. The first was the civil suit filed by the district attorney's office. The next salvo landed Tuesday night, when the Thousand Oaks City Council gave initial approval to new zoning regulations that would ban all marijuana dispensaries in the city. Furthermore, city leaders decided that the new rules--which would not take effect for several months--should be used to put the cannabis center out of business. But Nagy's clients were fuming about the council's action. "I'd like to know what we're supposed to do for our medicine now," said Kathleen DiSilva after the vote. The 37-year-old mother, who has undergone 13 intestinal surgeries in two years, uses marijuana to treat her Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
------------------------------------------------------------------- City To Pay ACLU For Challenge To Drug Policy ('Los Angeles Times' Says Court Awards $67,393 After Glendale, California, Is Forced To Back Down Only From Drug-Testing All Current Employees Who Are Candidates For Promotions) Date: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 17:12:24 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: City To Pay ACLU For Challenge To Drug Policy Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: 213-237-4712 Pubdate: February 5, 1998 Author: Buck Wargo CITY TO PAY ACLU FOR CHALLENGE TO DRUG POLICY Attorneys had asked for $961,900, will receive $150,576. Case went all the way to U.S. Supreme Court. CITY HALL - The city of Glendale will pay $150,674 in attorney's fees to lawyers of the American Civil Liberties Union who challenged the city's drug-testing policy. The Second Appellate District of the California Court of Appeal awarded $67,393 in attorney's fees, and the city has agreed to an additional $77,000 settlement in Superior Court, City Attorney Scott Howard said Wednesday. The remaining amount is attorney costs such as subpoena fees and depositions. Attorneys have the right to petition for fees as a way to encourage them to take lawsuits against governmental bodies, Howard said. In October, the U.S. Supreme Court, in a case that generated national attention, announced it would not hear a challenge to Glendale's policy of drug testing all applicants offered city jobs. By denying a request to hear the petition of Lorraine Loder - a Glendale attorney and member of the American Civil Liberties Union, which represented her in the case - the high court let stand a January 1997 decision by the California Supreme Court. That decision allowed Glendale to test new applicants but restricted testing of current employees who were candidates for promotions. Howard said the ACLU attorneys petitioned the appellate court for the fees. The attorneys had sought $961,900 for the case, he said. Initially, the city opposed paying fees because it argued that the "big crux" of the case against the city dealt with testing of new employees, Howard said. The city plans on developing a policy for those tests for emergency personnel such as firefighters and police officers. The fees will be paid out of the city's self-insurance fund. An estimate of the city's attorney costs in the case was unavailable.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Smokin' Professor Still Can't Get Arrested So He Is Making His Points - Escalating His Challenge - A Conversation With The Professor (Richard Cowan In 'Marijuananews.com' Notes Retired Penn State Chemistry Professor Julian Heicklen Was Unsuccessful In His Second Attempt To Get Arrested For Smoking Marijuana, But Otherwise Very Successful, And Vows To Continue)Date: Sat, 7 Feb 1998 00:41:37 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Chris Donald
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: ART: puffin' Penn State Prof going to Capitol Hill from: http://www. marijuananews.com A Personal Newsletter on the Cannabis Controversies Date: 02/05/98 Richard Cowan, Editor and Publisher The Smokin' Professor Still Can't Get Arrested So He Is Making His Points - Escalating His Challenge - A Conversation with the Professor University Park, Penn State Campus February 5, 1998 Also See: The Penn State Professor Who Can't Get Arrested Gets An Articulate Ally: A Local Editor! The Professor Still Can't Get Arrested Smoking Marijuana at Penn State Gates -- Says: "I am an advocate of freedom." Retired Penn State chemistry professor Julian Heicklen struck out again. He struck out at getting arrested for smoking marijuana, but he also struck a few blows for freedom in the process. I called him this afternoon. He was at home, not in jail. As he has for the last two weeks, Heicklen, 65, openly challenged state and federal marijuana prohibition by smoking a joint at the gates of Penn State in the presence of the campus police and a crowd of over three hundred students and onlookers, a lot of media, and probably a few narcs. Two weeks ago (See  Police Refuse to Arrest 65-year-old Penn State Chemistry Professor Taking Part In Smokeout) the police refused to arrest him, saying that they did not think he was really smoking a joint - because it just did not smell like marijuana. Last week, a campus cop flashed his badge, roughly grabbed Heicklen's hand and seized the joint, presumably for testing. Heicklen responded to this "mugging" by filing charges against the cop and demanding that the University fire him. An Etiquette Lesson This week the same cop came up and politely requested that the professor give him the joint for testing. Heicklen just ignored him. "May I please have your cigarette," he asked. Heicklen says nothing. The cop then told the Chemistry professor that if he did not give him the joint for testing, he would not be able to arrest him. Heicklen says nothing. Finally, the newly polite cop gave up, even after Heicklen - who had never smoked until two weeks ago - took drags on six or seven joints handed to him by his fellow rebels. Some of them must have been marijuana, he observed. "They couldn't all be sage." In his speech to the crowd, Heicklen accused the local DA of selective prosecution. Yesterday, a student was arraigned on marijuana charges after the police entered his apartment without a warrant, saying that they had smelled marijuana. A cop mugs an elderly professor, but the DA won't prosecute. The cops won't arrest the professor for smoking marijuana in public, claiming that they can't tell that it's marijuana without testing it, but they will prosecute a student for smoking in his own room. Dubious priorities. While Heicklen is obviously enjoying himself, he has also made two serious points. 1. That the campus police can no longer claim that the smell of marijuana can be the basis of an arrest. 2. That the police and the DA really are being selective in their enforcement of the marijuana laws. I asked him what he did after the demonstration. "I went to lunch. I had the muchies." Next week Heicklen says he is going to cross the street away from the Penn State gates and smoke on the State College city side where the jurisdiction is different and the challenge to the DA is more direct. His ultimate objective is to smoke on the steps of the US Capitol. Stay tuned. This is going to be very interesting.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Petition Campaign Falls 2,433 Signatures Short Of Goal ('Associated Press' Recaps Yesterday's News About Mainers For Medical Rights' Marijuana Ballot Initiative) Date: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 07:40:09 -0500 From: "R. Lake"
Subject: MN: US ME: Wire: PETITION CAMPAIGN FALLS 2,433 SIGNATURES SHORT OF GOAL To: DrugSense News Service Reply-to: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Chris Clay http://www.hempnation.com/ Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 PETITION CAMPAIGN FALLS 2,433 SIGNATURES SHORT OF GOAL PORTLAND, Maine (AP) - Activists seeking to force a statewide referendum on whether to legalize marijuana for limited medical purposes fell less than 2,500 signatures short of the number needed. In order to get their measure on the November ballot, Mainers for Medical Rights had to submit the signatures of at least 51,131 registered voters to the secretary of state's office by Monday. Although the group delivered 48,688 signatures, or 2,433 too few, it held out the prospect that the question could still appear on the ballot in November. Craig Brown, Mainers for Medical Rights' political consultant, said his organization gave the city of Portland a final batch of signatures on Jan. 23, but that the city still has not certified those petitions. It was unclear what would happen if the group were to obtain the additional signatures and submit them to the secretary of state's office. Julie Flynn, director of corporations and elections, said her office might have to seek a ruling from the Attorney General's Office.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Stench Of Marijuana In Motel Room Leads To Seizure Of Guns And Drugs ('Associated Press' Item On 17-Year-Old Canadian Boy Popped With 32 Pounds Of Cannabis, Three Machine Guns, In Westbrook, Maine) Date: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 07:48:33 -0500 From: "R. Lake"
Subject: MN: US ME: Wire: STENCH OF MARIJUANA IN MOTEL ROOM LEADS TO SEIZURE OF GUNS AND DRUGS To: DrugSense News Service Reply-to: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Chris Clay Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 STENCH OF MARIJUANA IN MOTEL ROOM LEADS TO SEIZURE OF GUNS AND DRUGS WESTBROOK, Maine (AP) - A 17-year-old Canadian boy was arrested after authorities found 32 pounds of marijuana, three machine guns and a mason jar full of hashish and other drugs in his motel room. ``It's one of the largest drug cases made in Maine this year,'' said Westbrook Police Chief Steven Roberts. ``It's well over $100,000 worth of drugs . . . with a street value approaching half a million dollars.'' Police were summoned to the Super 8 Motel Tuesday after a worker reported a strong odor of marijuana emanating from room 132. Someone had tried unsuccessfully to control the odor by blocking the door with a towel. When police arrived on the scene, they knocked on the window and identified themselves. Officers arrested the boy after he climbed out a window and began running into the parking lot. He surrendered after slipping and falling on ice. The teen-ager used a fake name and driver's license as he checked into the motel Saturday, renting a room for himself and another room for a woman he was traveling with, the chief said. But when police were called to the motel the next day, only the man was found. Jonathan Toof, the federal prosecutor assigned to the case, said finding the woman ``is a loose end we'd like to tie up.'' Police found the discovery of the three machine guns - an Uzi, a semiautomatic Mac 10 and a fully automatic Mac 10, all with silencers - to be particularly disturbing. ``That kind of firepower would likely overwhelm 99 percent of the police departments in the state of Maine,'' said Roberts, whose department turned the case over to the federal Drug Enforcement Agency and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. The 17-year-old suspect, whose name was not released, was arraigned on drug and weapons charges in federal court Tuesday, two days after his arrest. Police don't know why the teen-ager was in Westbrook or whether the drugs were destined for the illegal market in Maine. ``From our perspective, he could have just been a mule (transporting drugs for someone else),'' Roberts said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 50 Percent Of Baby Boom Generation Tried Marijuana ('Reuters' Reports On New Study In 'American Journal Of Public Health' Based On Data From Government-Sponsored National Household Surveys Of Drug Abuse) Date: Sat, 07 Feb 1998 13:53:11 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: Wire: 50% Of Baby Boom Generation Tried Marijuana Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Source: Reuters Pubdate: 5 Feb 1998 Reuters source: American Journal of Public Health (1998;88(1):27-33) Editor's note: It will be appreciated if anyone can find the original article and send it to email@example.com 50% OF BABY BOOM GENERATION TRIED MARIJUANA NEW YORK (Reuters) -- Baby boomers, people born in the United States between 1946 to 1964, had much higher rates of illicit drug use in their teen years than the generation born before World War II, according to a report in the American Journal of Public Health. The researchers say that while 2% of teens born between 1930-1940 tried marijuana, 50% of those born between 1956 and 1965 tried the illicit drug in their teen years. The findings are based on data from government-sponsored National Household Surveys of Drug Abuse conducted from 1991 through 1993. The data was used to compare the percentages of people born in the US from 1919 through 1975 who began using drugs before the ages of 15, 21, and 35. The authors, from the National Opinion Research Council in Washington, DC, say the study provides important information "on how often and how early in life Americans start to consume drugs," data that is valuable for tracking the effects of prevention policies and predicting drug problems. "Age of initiation of alcohol, cigarette, and illicit drug use is a powerful predictor of drug consequences and dependence," the authors write. They point to studies of patients and the general population suggesting "that adolescents who begin drug use at early ages use drugs more frequently, escalate to higher levels more quickly, and are less likely to stop using." While the percentage of people who started to use marijuana declined in the 1980s, cocaine and other illicit drug use peaked later and showed less evidence of decline. But these percentages, the authors note, belie the dramatic difference in range and extent of drug use prior to age 35 between people born before versus after the war. "Only two drugs, alcohol and cigarettes, were used before age 35 by more than 6% of individuals born during 1930-1940, while 10 drugs -- alcohol, cigarettes, and eight illicit drugs (marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, stimulants, pain killers, tranquilizers, sedatives) exceeded this threshold" in people born between 1951 and 1955. The authors propose several possible factors that might explain the increase in illicit drug use among those born after World War II. Among these are the steady decline in two-parent families, changes in beliefs and values, and price shifts in drug markets, depending on supply and demand. Another study finding appears to go against the long-held "sequential" view that illicit drug use follows early use of alcohol and tobacco. The 1991 through 1993 surveys showed a drop in previous alcohol and tobacco use among marijuana users under 21 years old.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study Shows High Smoking Rate Among Asian-American Men ('Associated Press' Article In 'San Jose Mercury News' Reports On Survey Results Released Wednesday By US Centers For Disease Control And Prevention) Date: Fri, 6 Feb 1998 16:08:01 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Study Shows High Smoking Rate Among Asian-American Men Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
Source: San Jose Mercury News Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Thu, 5 Feb 1998 Author: Dara Akiko Tom, Associated Press STUDY SHOWS HIGH SMOKING RATE AMONG ASIAN-AMERICAN MEN Many still don't realize health risks, poll says Associated Press - Nearly a third of Vietnamese-American and Korean-American men use cigarettes, and a substantial number of people in those communities don't realize the health risks associated with smoking, according to a study released Wednesday. The nationwide tobacco study -- believed to be the first of its kind conducted in Asian languages -- also found that a third of the women in Vietnamese and Korean communities often are exposed to secondhand smoke at home. ``Cigarette addiction is clearly a problem among Asian-American smokers,'' the study concluded. ``Current programs to help smokers kick the habit are . . . not reaching Asian-American communities.'' In the Bay Area, some anti-smoking programs aimed at the area's large Vietnamese emigre population have worked, said Dr. Nam Tran of the Santa Clara Valley Health and Hospital System. A decade ago, Nam said, about 57 percent of Vietnamese men in Santa Clara, San Francisco and Alameda counties smoked. Today, about 35 percent do. An alarming trend, though, Nam said, is that although older smokers have kicked the habit, teen smoking is increasing. The county has held anti-smoking classes in Vietnamese. To help lure people to quit, Nam has even offered $50 gift certificates to students. The smoking study took questions from a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention survey and translated them for the 811 respondents, most of whom were foreign-born. The CDC survey, conducted primarily in English, found that 20.4 percent of Asian-American men smoke. The new study, released in Washington, D.C., found that 34 percent of Vietnamese-American and 31 percent of Korean-American men currently smoke. ``Government surveys which are conducted only in English may be only telling part of the story,'' said Mary Chung, president of the San Francisco-based National Asian Women's Health Organization, which commissioned the study. Smoking rates among women were much lower, but one in three faced ``heavy exposure'' to secondhand smoke at home, the study found. More than two-thirds of those surveyed attempted to quit smoking, but failed. The study also found that 34 percent of Vietnamese-Americans and 12 percent of Korean-Americans were unaware that smoking can be addictive. One in five did not know that smoking has been linked to bronchitis, emphysema, pulmonary disease and mouth cancer. Compared to 20.4 percent for Asian-American men, CDC data from 1994 showed that 28 percent of white men smoke. The figures were 33.9 percent for black men, 24.3 percent for Hispanic men and 53.7 percent for American Indian men. Lleyln Grant, a spokesman for the CDC's Office on Smoking and Health, noted that the agency does try to find a person in the home to translate for respondents and has at times hired professional translators. ``We make every effort to get an accurate survey,'' Grant said. The study was conducted by telephone from Nov. 22 to Dec. 15. IF YOU'RE INTERESTED Anti-smoking classes in Vietnamese are held intermittently throughout the year. For more information, contact Dr. Nam Tran, (408) 945-8702. Mercury News Staff Writer De Tran contributed to this report.
------------------------------------------------------------------- CIA Links Mexico's Interior Minister To Drug Lords ('Washington Times' Says Francisco Labastida Ochoa, Second-Most-Powerful Official In Mexico And A Likely Candidate For President, Is Alleged To Have Longstanding Ties Going Back To His Governorship Of Sinaloa) Date: Sun, 08 Feb 1998 16:59:29 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Mexico: CIA Links Mexico's Interior Minister To Drug Lords Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Pubdate: Thu, 05 Feb 1998 Source: The Washington Times Author: Bill Gertz, The Washington Times Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.washtimes.com/ CIA LINKS MEXICO'S INTERIOR MINISTER TO DRUG LORDS Mexico's new interior minister, the second-most-powerful official in the country and a likely candidate for the presidency, has been linked by the CIA to international narcotics traffickers. Francisco Labastida Ochoa has "long-standing ties" to drug dealers since serving as governor of the state of Sinaloa for six years, according to a report labeled "top secret" that was obtained by The Washington Times from agency sources. The report says Mr. Labastida collaborated with drug dealers and ignored their trafficking activities, but denied taking payoffs. Disclosure of Mr. Labastida's drug-trafficking connections could undermine his chances of becoming president of Mexico. He is one of two Cabinet-level Mexican officials who meets the qualifications of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, known as the PRI, to run for the presidency in 2000, the report said. Drug-related corruption in Mexico's regional and federal governments is a long-standing problem. Mexico is a major supply route for illegal heroin and cocaine entering the United States. Mr. Labastida was appointed last month as Mexico's government secretary, a post equivalent to interior minister, by President Ernesto Zedillo after the massacre of 45 civilians in Chiapas province. "Labastida's appointment could prove costly to the Zedillo administration should reports become public that he has maintained ties to narco-traffickers since his stint as governor of Sinaloa," the CIA report stated. According to the report, "Labastida has denied receiving payoffs but has acknowledged privately that he had to reach unspecified agreements with traffickers and turn a blind eye to some of their activities." He was governor of the northwestern coastal province of Sinaloa, a reputed bastion of illegal drug-trafficking activities, from 1987 to 1993, the report noted. Fernando Lopez, a spokesman for Mr. Labastida in Mexico City, declined to comment on the report. He said Mr. Labastida was too busy dealing with the Zapatista insurgency and aftermath of the Chiapas massacre to be interviewed on the matter. Drug Enforcement Administration spokesman James McGivny declined to comment on the CIA report. As to accusations Mr. Labastida is tied to drug traffickers, "normally we do not discuss who is under investigation or subject of a DEA intelligence report," he said. But a U.S. government official who specializes in Latin American affairs and who is familiar with the report said, "It's a matter of great concern. "It remains to be seen whether this will be factored into the annual certification process," said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. Susan Snyder, a spokeswoman for the State Department's bureau of international narcotics and law enforcement affairs, had no immediate comment. As government secretary, Mr. Labastida has been trying to deal with an insurgency by Zapatista rebels and "is considered the second-most-powerful official in Mexico," the CIA said. According to the CIA report, Mr. Labastida was selected by the Mexican president for the post to promote public security and help Mr. Zedillo cope with an opposition-controlled lower house of congress. The Clinton administration certified that Mexico was cooperating in the battle against drugs last year despite the disclosures a year ago that Mexico's top anti-drug official, Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Robollow, was linked to drug lords. Certification must be carried out again this year. Gen. Gutierrez, director of the Institute of Combat Against Drugs, was fired and arrested on suspicion of taking payments from a top Mexican drug lord. Administration officials at the time said they had no intelligence information linking the general to drug trafficking. As interior minister, Mr. Labastida is not directly in charge of the country's anti-drug efforts but is responsible for internal security, a position that gives him access to Mexican government intelligence information on drug activities. John Bailey, a Georgetown University specialist on Mexican government corruption, said he is not surprised by the report of Mr. Labastida's ties to drug traffickers. "The interior minister is not in the direct line of law enforcement authority, but he deals with political intelligence," Mr. Bailey said. "Even though that is not his charge, he would run across these types of drug-trafficking problems from his position." Mr. Bailey said Sinaloa is one of several regions in Mexico that is notorious for large-scale drug activities. "I just don't see how anybody could be governor of a state like Sinaloa and not be affected by corruption," he said. Mr. Bailey said that the governor of Sinaloa before Mr. Labastida was linked to drug traffickers and that Mr. Labastida "seemed to be better" in that regard.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 17,000 Arrests In City Drugs Crackdown ('The Irish Independent' Notes Ireland's Increasing Use Of Expensive US Enforcement Tactics Has Led To More Than 1,000 Arrests A Month In Dublin - 'Dramatic Improvements' In Crime Rate Claimed For 'Some Areas') Date: Sat, 07 Feb 1998 13:43:22 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Ireland: 17,000 Arrests In City Drugs Crackdown Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Newshawk: Zosimos Pubdate: Thursday, 5 February 1998 Source: The Irish Independent Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org 17,000 ARRESTS IN CITY DRUGS CRACKDOWN A CO-ORDINATED Garda crackdown on drug dealing on Dublin streets codenamed Operation Dochas has resulted in the arrest of a massive 17,000 suspects in the first 14 months. New figures revealed last night show that Dochas and a series of subsequent specialised anti-drug operations have had a major impact on the level of street crime. The number of syringe attacks in districts in the two inner city garda divisions has plummetted by 11pc in some areas and to 32pc in other targetted regions. Burglaries, break-ins, and larcenies from cars, a favourite crime of street drug addicts are all down substantially. This follows a series of garda measures specifically concentrated on preventing drug-related crime, particularly around the centre of Dublin where the addicts were very active in smashing car windows and grabbing goods from seats. Dochas is concentrated throughout the Dublin metropolitan area and the latest figures, obtained by the Irish Independent last night, showed that drugs with a street value of more than IR£4,750,000 were seized in the 14 months since it was launched in October 1996. Special anti-drug patrols carried out 69,400 street searches for drugs and another 22,000 suspects were searched in garda stations after being detained for questioning. In a blitz on the dealers' suspected haunts, gardai searched 4,100 premises and also set up 17,700 vehicular checkpoints on the targetted streets. After arresting 17,000 suspects, the gardai brought charges in 7,800 cases and issued summonses in another 15,200. Assistant Garda Commissioner Jim McHugh, who has overall responsibility for policing in the capital, said last night there was no doubt that Dochas and other special initiatives had resulted in dramatic improvements in the crime rate in some areas. Dochas was complemented eight months ago by Operation Mainstreet which was launched in the area around O'Connell Street. It led to 90 charges under the Misuse of Drugs Act. The Gardai are awaiting directions from the DPP in another 50 cases. It has resulted in the seizure of heroin worth £250,000 and other drugs with a street value of £15,000. Chief Supt Richard Kelly, who is in charge on the north central division, last night paid tribute to the north inner city communities for their "tremendous help" in tackling the drug problem in their area. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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