------------------------------------------------------------------- Steven Douglas Dons And His Roommate, Jeffery Harlan Moore, Face Child-Neglect And Drug Counts ('The Oregonian' Notes Multnomah County District Attorney Is Throwing Book At Victim Of Portland Marijuana Task Force Warrantless Break-In, And Now His Neighbor, But Fails To Explain How A Plant That Never Killed Anyone, Kept Behind Locked Door, Endangers A Visiting Child, Or, When 7 Percent Of Population Is Using Illegal Drugs, How Many Billions Of Dollars It Will Cost To Prosecute All Such Parents And Put All Their Kids In Foster Homes) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 15:09:31 -0800 From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Oregon State Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots
"email@example.com" Subject: CanPat> Shooting-PHONEY Charges of Roommate! Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Steven Douglas Dons and his roommate, Jeffery Harlan Moore, face child-neglect and drug counts By Wendy Siporen of The Oregonian staff A Multnomah County grand jury Thursday added drug and child neglect and endangerment charges against a man accused of killing a Portland police officer, and also indicted his roommate on similar charges. Portland and Gresham police arrested the roommate, Jeffery Harlan Moore, at 4:45 p.m. Thursday on the campus of Mt. Hood Community College, where he works. Three plainclothes detectives made the arrest without incident, said Lt. Cliff Madison, a Portland police spokesman. Moore, 44, is being held in the Justice Center jail in lieu of $125,000 bail. The new charges relate to a 51-plant marijuana grow operation police say they found in the house and allegations that Moore and Steven Douglas Dons had Moore's children, ages 7 and 9, near the marijuana and unsecured guns and ammunition. Moore's children were visiting early in January from Nevada. In addition to 13 counts that include aggravated murder, attempted aggravated murder and assault, Dons, 37, now faces one count of manufacture of a controlled substance, one count of possession of a controlled substance and two counts each of first-degree child neglect and recklessly endangering another person. Moore faces eight counts - the two drug charges related to the marijuana; the two counts each of child neglect and reckless endangering; and one count each of possession of cocaine and methamphetamine. Police found inhaling paraphernalia for cocaine and methamphetamine in the house. The cocaine and methamphetamine were not in "substantial quantities," said James McIntyre, a Multnomah County senior deputy district attorney. In an interview with The Oregonian last week, Moore denied knowing about the 51-plant marijuana grow behind what he said was a locked door. At the time, he said he did not have an attorney and did not expect to be charged with a crime. "I'm not guilty of anything," he said. "Why should I be charged?" Authorities moved Dons on Tuesday to the Justice Center jail from Adventist Medical Center. He is being held in the jail's medical unit. Dons is in good condition but suffers from partial paralysis, said Sgt. Brian Martinek, a Multnomah County sheriff's spokesman. Martinek could not be more specific but said doctors don't know whether the paralysis is permanent. Police say Dons shot and killed Portland police Officer Colleen Waibel and injured two other officers on Jan. 27 when they entered the house where he lived at 2612 S.E. 111th Ave. Police suspected a marijuana grow in the house and broke through the front door when they suspected someone inside was destroying evidence by burning marijuana in a woodstove. Police found at least 10 guns in the house, including several semiautomatic rifles. Investigators have confirmed that what at first appeared to be a grenade launcher in the house is actually a flare gun, McIntyre said. They are still examining five devices that appeared to be grenades. McIntyre said they appear to be some kind of "modified charge," but he could not be more specific. Since the original indictment in the shooting was handed down Feb. 4, the grand jury heard testimony from two neighbors of the men, two police investigators and a crime lab technician.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Criminals Force Police Into An Arms Race ('Oregonian' Article Written In Response To Fatal Cop Shooting During Warrantless Break-In By Portland Marijuana Task Force Makes It Sound Like Police Don't Already Have A Military Arsenal At Their Disposal That Has Already Cost City Six-Figure Legal Settlement To Victims) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 17:04:29 -0800 From: Paul Freedom
To: Cannabis Patriots Subject: CanPat> Criminals force police into an arms race The Oregonian February 14, 1998 Criminals force police into an arms race Like other agencies across the nation, Portland is considering equipping officers with semiautomatic rifles to match the firepower brought to bear by bad guys By Jennifer Bjorhus of The Oregonian staff The final report recommending semiautomatic assault rifles for Portland's police was on its way to the mayor. In it, police warned of being outgunned by criminals with sophisticated weapons and asked for $310,000 to attempt to remedy the situation. The meeting was never held. Minutes before noon that day, Jan. 27, police say, Steven Dons opened fire from his Southeast Portland house with an SKS 7.62 mm semiautomatic rifle, killing one officer and wounding two. Point made. Mayor Vera Katz quickly announced that she supported the Police Bureau's request. Quietly, behind the consternation and outpouring of grief following the shootout, Portland joins a growing number of police departments around the country seeking to arm officers with powerful semiautomatic rifles. It's a historic, controversial shift in policing, a leap in power from the handgun at the waistband that for decades has been the symbol of U.S. law and order.Special tactical units such as SWAT teams have used the weapons for years. What's new is their widespread use by regular patrol officers and others, such as drug units, even as police departments herald the return of community policing. Just how many police departments have made the shift isn't known. One firearms expert estimated as many as half. >From Miami to nearby Lake Oswego, on-duty officers now tote semiautomatic rifles. Details of the report are sketchy, and the Portland Police Bureau doesn't want to talk about it. The department declined a Public Records Act request to see the report, citing safety reasons. Chief Charles Moose would confirm only that the study recommends the city spend $310,000 during two years to buy 166 Colt AR-15s, a semiautomatic rifle with a shortened barrel, also called a carbine. The cost also includes .223-caliber ammunition. The new rifles would replace the 12-gauge shotguns street officers now have mounted in their patrol cars and would be an addition to the Glock 9 mm handguns most Portland officers carry. The bureau has been discussing alternatives to the shotguns for years, said Lt. Dave Benson of the bureau's training division. In August, six months after a highly publicized shootout between Los Angeles police and two heavily armed bank robbers, the bureau began in earnest to study new weapons. Yet, the exact type of .223-caliber bullets to order, how to best train officers, where best to carry the rifles and when they can be fired are decisions still to be made, Benson said. Supporters argue that police, patrolling the fault lines in a violent society where guns are as cheap and plentiful as car stereos, need parity with heavily armed criminals. Firearms experts say that semiautomatic rifles are highly accurate, easier to use and safer than shotguns and can be fired from a much safer distance from a perceived threat. A handgun, for instance, is reliable up to only about 25 yards. In contrast, an AR-15 rifle can hit a dinner plate five blocks away. But the rifles' simplicity and intimidation value are not just attractive to police officers. Semiautomatic rifles are increasingly popular with gang members, Portland gang detectives say. "They penetrate the front facade of a house; they go through cars, go through vests; they're higher capacity, you can get 30-round clips," explained Detective Stu Winn, a gang detective in Portland's Northeast Precinct. A 1995 U.S. Department of Justice report shows that semiautomatic rifles are most popular with juvenile offenders; a few state surveys of juvenile inmates indicated that 20 percent to 35 percent of them had owned semiautomatic rifles. Critics fear the trend of police officers arming themselves with high-powered rifles fosters a dangerous mind set in police and might ratchet up a mini-arms race with criminals. They also worry that stray bullets could hit innocent bystanders. One gun-control advocacy group, the Violence Policy Center in Washington, D.C., likens the firepower difference between a handgun and the AR-15 to "the difference between a Stinger missile and a nuclear weapon." Even some police departments are wary of the powerful M-16 and AR-15 rifles shooting .223-caliber ammunition. Miami's police recently approved the optional use of semiautomatic rifles that fire less powerful 9 mm and .45-caliber bullets used in handguns, said Sgt. Robert Rambo, in charge of firearms for the Miami Police Department. The officers must buy the rifles themselves. He estimated that about 50 of 1,050 officers had done so. After the shootout in Los Angeles, he said, some officers clamored for M-16s. "No way am I putting them in those guys' hands," he said. "You have to weigh citizens' safety, especially in an urban city like Miami." Standoffs such as Portland's happen "once in a blue moon," he said. "Do you want to have police officers out there with these types of rifles . . . and then they start blasting, and the bad guys start blasting?" Sgt. Marc Galloway of the Lake Oswego Police Department said officers there have carried Heckler & Koch MP5 9 mm semiautomatic rifles mounted in their cars since 1991. It's a good program, he said, but one that demands a lot of careful training. "There's a big liability issue," he said. "It's going to only take one bad situation, and all of a sudden everybody calls foul." Tom Potter, former Portland police chief, said he struggles between wanting police fully protected and not wanting unnecessary weapons. "I'm kind of torn," Potter said. "I don't want officers to think that (rifle) somehow's going to be their salvation. I don't want that kind of siege mentality in the police department." Donald Clark, former Multnomah County sheriff and county executive, agreed that police need parity with well-armed criminals. But he feared semiautomatic rifles could push community policing to its limit. "It begins to change the whole role of police," he said. "It's pretty tough to do (community policing) when you think every door you knock on, someone is going to blow you away. It changes the psychology. It changes the way they view their jobs. "Pretty soon, you have combat troops running around, and that is different than the way police have historically been." Proper training will be a critical issue, observed Portland police Officer Eric Schober, who works in the drugs and vice unit. "Personally I don't feel we get enough training with just our pistols, so that makes me a little nervous," he said. "And now they're going to throw a new weapon at us?" Still, Schober said, the extra distance rifles afford would be welcome. Five years ago, an irate man shot his neighbor's wife and baby boy with a pistol in North Portland. Schober, stuck a half-block away, could not stop him with his handgun. "From where I was standing, there was no way I could take a good shot," he said. "To take a shot from a distance where we were with a pistol would have been dangerous." His 12-gauge shotgun, with its rambling lead ball shot, also would have been a mistake, he said, but a semiautomatic rifle would have been great. The problem isn't arming police with semiautomatic rifles, it's that so many criminals have such powerful weapons, said Dr. Linda Erwin, associate director of trauma at Legacy Emanuel Hospital and a gun-control advocate. "They're professionals," Erwin said of police. "My concern is more about the fact that other people have them, and how did that happen? That's what really disturbs me." It also disturbs Leo Painton, president of the Portland Police Association. He called the move to semiautomatic rifles long overdue and said a shootout such as the recent one in Southeast Portland was waiting to happen as more people stockpile high-powered weapons. "Nobody knows what's out there. What do we do, just sit back and wait?" Painton said. "Look what happened in L.A. They had to run into a gun store to find guns that would compete with those bank robbers." Last Labor Day weekend, the Los Angeles Police Department received 600 M-16 rifles donated from surplus by the U.S. Army. The guns are being converted from automatic to semiautomatic. Officers start training with the new rifles this month, Sgt. Brian Gilman said. The original plan, Gilman said, was for the M-16s to be carried only in the cars of sergeants, who could issue them to officers only when necessary. Now L.A. police are considering giving the rifles to selected officers, who could carry them in the trunks of their cars. Interestingly, semiautomatic rifles are off-limits to officers in New York. "New York City police officers are not even allowed to own those guns," Sgt. Cory Cuneo said. Those who support the use of semiautomatic rifles in police work acknowledge that no weapon will fix the infamous uncertainty of the job. The rifle would simply be another tool. It won't make well-armed bad guys go away. "You're just playing the numbers," Schober said. "It happened. It's going to happen again." Jennifer Bjorhus covers crime issues for The Oregonian's Crime, Justice and Public Safety Team. She can be reached by phone at 294-7605 or by e-mail at email@example.com. *** HOW TO SUBSCRIBE TO CANNABIS PATRIOTS Send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with subscribe cannabis-patriots-l in the body of the message. Or e-mail me if you have trouble or someone you want me to subscribe!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Advocates Frustrated ('Bangor Daily News' Says A Kennebec County Superior Court Judge Heard Arguments Friday In Mainers' For Medical Rights Attempt To Get City Of Portland, Maine, To Live Up To The Law And Certify Signatures For Initiative Petition)Date: Thu, 19 Feb 1998 19:57:07 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US ME: Medical Marijuana Advocates Frustrated Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Dave Fratello <firstname.lastname@example.org> Source: Bangor Daily News Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Author: Susan Kinzie, Of the NEWS Staff MEDICAL MARIJUANA ADVOCATES FRUSTRATED AUGUSTA - Petitions bearing about 3,200 signatures reached Portland City Hall, and a group trying to legalize medicinal use of marijuana was about 2,400 signatures short for a Feb. 2 deadline to get the question on the November ballot. A Kennebec County Superior Court judge heard the case Friday against the city and the secretary of state, but said it could be late next week before he makes a decision in this "somewhat novel and difficult issue." Gary Wood, the Portland city attorney, left the hearing Friday saying, "Something doesn't work here - something doesn't feel right." The city, the secretary of state, and Mainers for Medical Rights all agreed that Portland city employees had not certified petitions that they should have certified by their deadline. They all agreed that the delay disqualified Mainers for Medical Rights from getting their petitions with the required 51,131 signatures into the secretary of state's office by the deadline for the November 1998 ballot. But they couldn't agree on what to do about it. Wood said, "People feel very badly" that the petitions weren't certified by the deadline. He said city employees who would have done it already were working overtime to prepare for the special election Feb. 10. "We would like to see this get on the ballot next November," he said. Phyllis Gardiner, the assistant attorney general who was representing the secretary of state said, "We have sympathy with the petitioners' situation. There is no excuse for the city of Portland's refusal to act." But, she went on to say, there is nothing in the law that allows them to waive deadlines and fix everything up. William Knowles, the attorney for Mainers for Medical Rights, spoke forcefully and emotionally about fundamental constitutional rights such as freedom of speech and political association having been denied. He asked that the deadlines be waived. But Judge Donald Alexander questioned the use of the U.S. Constitution in the arguments, since it is the Maine Constitution which gives residents the right to initiate legislation. He asked for more recent cases - those cited were from 1915 and 1917 - and said he would have to do more research. Gardiner said they had had less than 24 hours to prepare for the case, which had to be heard quickly because the November ballots will be printed soon. The petitions, if certified, would still be valid for the November 1999 election, so Gardiner said the question would not be kept off the ballot, but it might be delayed. Craig Brown, a political consultant working for Mainers for Medical Rights, said, "We've been frustrated by the process for weeks now. We basically filed suit only because we were told that people were in agreement that we had played by the rules and met all the deadlines and there should be a remedy for something like this. But in current Maine law nobody knew how to deal with it. "I agree with our lawyer that having to deny the patients and the voters who signed the petition wanting a debate and a vote on the issue in 1998 to have to wait a whole year because of a bureaucratic snafu is just unfair. We know patients who have either glaucoma or HIV or are undergoing chemotherapy who live in fear every day," he said. Michael Lindey, a veterinarian who used marijuana when he was having chemotherapy, said, "They argued all kinds of things, the lawyers did. ... I saw it quite simply. ... I saw it, hoping because the municipality was delinquent, that we wouldn't be penalized. Well, we were. ... I thought he'd say, 'Let 'em finish, and we'll give 'em an extension."' Wood said, "I think the judge signaled that what he's heard so far isn't enough to grant relief." He said the arguments make a lot of sense but legally, they needed stronger grounds. Meanwhile, Portland city officials will be working through the weekend to certify the petitions and will be done by 4 p.m. Wednesday at the latest, he said. Wood said 30 other towns also failed to finish their petitions but that there were too few signatures for it to be an issue. Lindey was philosophical as he waits for the decision next week. "The signatures are still valid, so all the expense and effort wasn't wasted. You have to accept what comes. ... As far as depriving people of the right to use marijuana, the fact is they're using it now; nobody's being prosecuted who has cancer - that's the reality."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judge To Decide Whether Petition Can Miss Deadline ('Portland Press Herald' Version) Date: Tue, 17 Feb 1998 23:04:30 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US ME: Judge To Decide Whether Petition Can Miss Deadline Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Dave Fratello <firstname.lastname@example.org> Source: Portland Press Herald Author: Peter Pochna, Staff Writer Pubdate: Saturday, Feb. 14, 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.portland.com/ JUDGE TO DECIDE WHETHER PETITION CAN MISS DEADLINE A Group Says It Shouldn't Be Penalized Because Portland Failed To Certify Signatures On Time. AUGUSTA - A group working to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes in Maine asked a judge on Friday to overturn the state's decision to reject petitions that call for a statewide vote on the issue. An attorney for the group Mainers for Medical Rights said the petitioners met all the requirements under law, and the state's action violates their right to free speech. But an assistant attorney general argued that the state had no choice but to reject the petitions because the City of Portland missed a deadline for certifying some of the petitions. The city received about 3,900 petitions on or before Jan. 23, and was required to certify them within five business days. But the city still hasn't certified them. City Attorney Gary Wood said the city clerk's office was too busy working on the Feb. 10 gay-rights referendum to get to the petitions. ''Everybody who was involved in the process feels badly about not getting the job done on time,'' said Wood. ''If they have enough valid signatures, I think they should be on the ballot.'' The court must decide if, by law, groups like Mainers for Medical Rights must bear the consequences when a city or town fails to meet a certification deadline. The conflict pits a law governing deadlines against a law governing the people's right to petition their government. Superior Court Judge Donald Alexander said he will take at least a week to issue a ruling. ''This is a somewhat novel and difficult issue,'' Alexander said. The ballot question proposed by Mainers for Medical Rights would limit the legal use of marijuana to people who have AIDS, glaucoma or multiple sclerosis and to cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The state has decided that, since Portland failed to meet its certification deadline, Mainers for Medical Rights' petition drive also failed. If the judge overturns the state's decision, the Secretary of State's Office will have to immediately start checking the validity of the signatures . If the petitions contain more than 51,131 valid signatures, the issue would earn a spot on the November ballot. If the judge does not overturn the state's decision, the group will not be able to get the issue on the November ballot. The group would have to try for November 1999. The group submitted 48,688 signatures to the Secretary of State's Off ice before the Feb. 2 deadline. It would have had more than the required amount if it had the 3,900 signatures from Portland. But since it didn't have enough signatures, the secretary of state rejected the petition. Secretary of State Dan Gwadosky described the case as ''an unfortunate situation.'' He said state law required him to reject the petitions because of the deadline. But, he added, ''We won't be disappointed if a court tells us to do this.'' Phyllis Gardiner, an assistant attorney general, told Judge Alexander that ruling against the state would weaken the validity of constitutional deadlines. "If this one can be moved, what does a constitutional deadline mean?" Gardiner asked. She said forcing the petitioners to wait until 1999 would not violate anyone's fundamental rights. Not true, said William Knowles, an attorney for Mainers for Medical Rights. ''(The organization's members) exercised their constitutional right, they did so in a timely manner, and the state actors have frustrated their constitutional right,'' Knowles said. ''It's no justification to say, 'Maybe you can exercise your constitutional right tomorrow.' '' Regardless of how the judge rules, there is a chance that Mainers for Medical Rights don't have enough valid signatures to get on the November ballot anyway. Counting the Portland signatures, the group has a total of about 52,600 signatures from throughout the state. Typically, the state finds some signatures that are not valid. Mainers for Medical Rights has a margin - counting the Portland signatures - of fewer than 1,500 names. Craig Brown, a consultant to Mainers for Medical Rights, said the group does have enough valid signatures. Brown said he is surprised that the state is fighting. *** CASE FACTS Here are the undisputed facts in the case of Mainers for Medical Rights vs. The Secretary of State for the State of Maine: * The Maine Constitution, article IV, part three, section 18, requires that signatures submitted on behalf of a citizens initiative be filed in the Secretary of State's Office by 5 p.m. on or before the 25th day after the convening of the Legislature. This year, that date was Feb. 2. * The Maine Constitution also says petitions must be delivered to the appropriate municipal registrar for certification by the 10th business day before the deadline for filing with the secretary of state. This year, that was Jan. 23. * The municipal registrar must certify petitions submitted within five business days. Mainers for Medical Rights submitted 3,914 signatures to the City of Portland by Jan. 23. But Portland still hasn't verified the signatures. * Mainers for Medical Rights submitted 48,688 signatures to the secretary of state by Feb. 2. It could not submit the Portland signatures because of the inaction by the City of Portland. * The group needs 51,131 validated signatures to get its proposal on the November ballot. * Secretary of State Dan Gwadosky sent a letter to Mainers for Medical Rights dated Feb. 6 stating that its petition was invalid because it did not contain enough signatures. * On Wednesday, the group filed suit against Gwadosky and the City of Portland. On Friday, a superior court judge heard the case and said he would issue a ruling no earlier than next Thursday.
------------------------------------------------------------------- President Touts Cigarette Tax Hike ('Houston Chronicle' Says Overeating Cigar Smoker Wants $1.10 Per Pack Increase To Cut Teen Smoking In Half - Will Only Rich People Be Allowed To Smoke? Hell Of A Way To Deglamorize Tobacco...) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 18:11:06 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: President Touts Cigarette Tax Hike Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Art Smart Source: Houston Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Author: Nancy Mathis Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998, Page: 5A Website: http://www.chron.com/ PRESIDENT TOUTS CIGARETTE TAX HIKE $1.10 A Pack Increase Could Cut Teen Smoking In Half, Clinton Says PHILADELPHIA -- President Clinton, trying to revive a settlement with the tobacco industry, said Friday a new study shows a hike in cigarette taxes could cut teen smoking by half. The president, appearing before the nation's scientists, called on Congress to act this year to pass bipartisan legislation. He endorsed a Senate Democratic measure as a starting point. Clinton later resumed his effort to raise money for Democrats who have embraced the president despite sex scandal woes. In an address to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Clinton said a new Treasury Department analysis indicates a cigarette tax increase of $1.10 a pack could stop nearly 3 million young people from smoking by 2003 and save 1 million lives. "For years, our efforts to reduce smoking have been outmatched by billion-dollar industry ad campaigns targeted at our children," Clinton said. "Now we have the opportunity to save millions of those children from a life of addiction and a premature and very preventable death." The administration estimates that 3,000 young people start smoking every day and 1,000 of them will die prematurely. If cigarette taxes increase by $1.10 per pack, making it more expensive to youths, an estimated 2.8 million would be discouraged from smoking over five years. The study, however, also included proposed sales and advertising restrictions in its calculations. "That means if we act this year -- instead of having a year-long political debate and doing nothing -- if we act this year, by the year 2003 we can stop almost 3 million young people from smoking and save almost 1 million lives as a result. We ought to save those lives and you should demand that we save those lives," Clinton told the scientists. Last summer, the industry and state attorneys general reached an agreement that calls for cigarette makers to remit $368.5 billion over 25 years to state and federal governments. It would give immunity from future punitive liability to cigarette makers and set advertising and marketing restrictions. The settlement does not specifically call for tax increases. Clinton partially endorsed the settlement but called for further steps such as increasing per pack taxes by $1.50 over 10 years, regulation by the Food and Drug Administration, an end to marketing aimed at children and help for tobacco farmers who would be harmed by a decrease in usage. The president endorsed legislation offered this week by Sen. Kent Conrad, D-N.D., whose measure would generate $500 billion over 25 years by hiking taxes, eliminate the industry's protection from lawsuits and include provisions outlined by Clinton. Vice President Al Gore joined Conrad as the measure was unveiled this week. The tobacco industry blasted the Conrad measure as a deal-breaker and threatened to back out of its settlement agreement. Sen. Jim Jeffords, R-Vt., chairman of the Senate Labor and Human Resources committee, offered a measure partially addressing the settlement but not including taxes. Republican leaders have yet to offer their proposal. Settlement legislation has been stalled since last summer as neither political party in Congress, nor the White House, proposed a specific measure. Aides said the administration will not offer its proposed legislation but instead will work with the Senate Democratic measure. Clinton called the Conrad measure "a strong bill that meets all the objectives I just mentioned." But he added, "I look forward to working with him and with other members to enact comprehensive and bipartisan legislation." Elena Kagan, deputy domestic policy adviser, said the administration wants a comprehensive measure passed this year. "The president does not want Congress to pass piecemeal legislation," she said. She also said the administration was willing to negotiate on the immunity from liability. She said Clinton would prefer a measure without immunity for the industry but the issue "is not a deal- breaker." The president later attended a fund-raising dinner for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. Clinton raised $300,000 for the panel, which provides support to Democrats running for the House. He told the crowd Democrats had a good chance of recapturing the House in the next election.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton, Gingrich Bicker On Drugs ('Associated Press' Notes President Lays Out New 10-Year Plan To Cut Illegal-Drug Use 50 Percent - Proposed Budget For Drug Czar's Office $17.1 Billion Next Year, Up 6.8 Percent - Gingrich Would Prefer Four-Year Civil War But Doesn't Mention Cost - Plus, URL For 1998 National Drug Control Strategy) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 18:42:05 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: Wire: Clinton, Gingrich Bicker on Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: KJBLeu@aol.com and Kevin Zeese Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Author: Donna Abu-Nasr Editors note: The plan, called the '1998 National Drug Control Strategy' is online at: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/policy/98ndcs/contents.html CLINTON, GINGRICH BICKER ON DRUGS WASHINGTON (AP) - President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich sparred over drug policy in separate radio addresses Saturday, the president laying out plans to reduce illegal drug use by 50 percent in the next decade, the speaker ridiculing the proposal as a ``hodgepodge of half-steps and half- truths.'' Gingrich said he will press a resolution in the House urging Clinton and White House drug policy chief Barry McCaffrey to withdraw the plan, which he described as ``the definition of failure.'' ``In the Civil War it took just four years to save the Union and abolish slavery,'' Gingrich scoffed. In his weekly radio address, the president said although the number of Americans using drugs has fallen by 50 percent since 1979, it should be cut in half again over the next decade. But before outlining his proposal, Clinton stressed that the fight against drugs ``must be waged and won at kitchen tables all across America.'' ``Even the world's most thorough anti-drug strategy won't ever do the job unless all of us pass on the same clear and simple message to our children: Drugs are wrong, drugs are dangerous, and drugs can kill you,'' Clinton said. His plan, portions of which already were disclosed by McCaffrey, includes expanded prevention education, employment of an additional 1,000 Border Patrol officers and 100 Drug Enforcement Administration agents, completion of the hiring of 100,000 new community police officers and expanded drug testing and treatment among prisoners and parolees. In a follow-up news conference, McCaffrey said the government alone cannot solve the national drug problem. ``We look forward to working with the Congress, state and local government and the private sector to forge a bipartisan and truly national response to the drug problem,'' McCaffrey said. As he spoke, however, Gingrich, R-Ga., speaking in the GOP's weekly radio address, accused the president of neglecting the narcotics issue for five years, and as a consequence allowing drug use among teen-agers to rise by 70 percent over that period. He said World War II was won four years after the United States joined the Allied cause, and yet Clinton's new drug-fighting schedule prescribes more than twice that long. ``This president would have us believe that with all of the resources, ingenuity, dedication and passion of the American people, we can't even get halfway to victory in the war on drugs until the year 2007 - nine full years from now,'' the speaker said. ``That is not success. That is the definition of failure. ... We cannot accept this administration's proposed timetable for defeat.'' ``I insist that the president and his drug czar (McCaffrey) withdraw their so-called drug plan and its hodgepodge of half-steps and half-truths and bring us back a real plan to tackle the drug crisis,'' Gingrich said. He said both men should follow get-tough policies used by Republican mayors such as Rudolph Guiliani of New York City. Gingrich said the Republican-run Congress would pass legislation that includes: Helping communities build anti-drug coalitions. Giving parents anti-drug information. Providing market incentives so businesses will create drug-free workplaces. Establishing a national clearinghouse for anti-drug information. He did not provide specific dollar amounts or other figures. The administration's drug-fighting plan is to be funded through a $17.1 billion drug-control budget request for next year, a 6.8 percent increase. About $195 million of the initiative is earmarked for an anti-drug media campaign aimed at children. An additional $146 million would go for programs to curb underage smoking, while $50 million would be set aside to pay for 1,300 counselors at middle schools. Other proposed spending includes: $85 million for the prison drug treatment programs. A $75.4 million increase in the Defense Department's budget for drug-fighting in the Caribbean, Mexico and South America. 49 million for the National Institutes of Health to expand research on drug and underage alcohol use. 24.5 million to hire the new Drug Enforcement Administration special agents, who would target methamphetamine sales and production.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Wants Illegal Drug Use Cut In Half ('Reuters' Story On Proposed Budget For Federal Drug War) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 20:51:53 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: Wire: Clinton Wants Illegal Drug Use Cut In Half Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Richard Lake Source: Reuters Pubdate: 14 Feb 1998 CLINTON WANTS ILLEGAL DRUG USE CUT IN HALF WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Clinton proposed a new drug strategy on Saturday with the aim of cutting illicit drug use in half over the next decade. "This plan builds on our strategy of tougher punishment, better prevention, and more partnerships to shut down the international drug trade," Clinton said in his weekly radio address. Clinton said there have been successes in the war on drugs, saying studies have shown the number of Americans who use drugs has fallen by a half since 1979. "But that number is still too large," he said. "We can and must cut drug use in America by another 50 percent." As evidence that recent administration policies are working, Clinton cited a Justice Department study that reported progress in weaning from drugs those who have served time in federal prisons. It said those inmates who received drug treatment were 73 percent less likely to be rearrested and 44 percent less likely to test positive for drugs in the first six months after their release than those who did not receive treatment. The study involved 1,866 inmates at 30 prisons. "Not too long ago, there were some who said our fight against drugs and crime was hopelessly lost," Clinton said. "Well, crime has fallen every year for the last five years and now the tide is turning against drugs." In the Republicans' response, House Speaker Newt Gingrich charged that "strong leadership has disappeared" in the fight against teenage drug use since President Clinton was elected in 1992. Gingrich said there has been "a resounding silence from the White House on drugs" that has resulted in skyrocketing use of drugs by teens. He said President Clinton's proposal for cutting drug use effectively meant that, by 2007, youth drug use would be about where it was 15 years earlier in 1992 since so many more teens were using drugs. Gingrich said that was an unacceptable "timetable for defeat" and pledged the Republican-dominated Congress would propose more sweeping legislation to shrink drug use. Gingrich offered no timetable for such an initiative but insisted President Clinton withdraw his "so-called drug plan and its hodgepodge of half-steps and half-truth" and join Congress in a broader effort. Clinton's anti-drug plan for the 1999 budget year starting next Oct. 1 would cost a record $17 billion, an increase of $1 billion over the current fiscal year. It includes a $195 million national youth anti-drug media campaign, $50 million for school drug prevention coordinators, $163 million for border patrols, as well as $74 million for interdiction efforts in the Andean region and the Caribbean and to train Mexican counter-drug forces. Clinton said his strategy envisions 1,000 more border patrol agents, working closely with neighboring countries. They would use the latest technologies to monitor the borders to keep illegal drugs from entering the United States.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gingrich - Clinton Drug Plan Failure ('United Press International' Quotes House Speaker Saying Proposed Budget For Federal Drug War Is DOA, Republicans Will Wage 'World War II-Style Victory Campaign Against Illegal Drugs') Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 20:56:03 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Gingrich: Clinton Drug Plan Failure Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Richard Lake Source: United Press International Pubdate: 14 February 1998 GINGRICH: CLINTON DRUG PLAN FAILURE WASHINGTON, Feb. 14 (UPI) House Speaker Newt Gingrich says President Clinton's new plan to fight illegal drugs "is the definition of failure." Gingrich made the comment in the Republican response to Clinton's weekly radio address. In his radio address, Clinton said he wants to hire 1,000 more border patrol agents, increase drug testing for parolees of the federal prison system and implement better drug use prevention programs. White House drug czar Barry McCaffrey says the strategy should reduce drug use from what is believed to be currently 6 percent of the population to only 3 percent by the year 2007. But Gingrich said Clinton's plan would reduce illegal drug use to 35 percent of what it was when Clinton took office in 1992. He said the final objective of Clinton's plan "is to correct some of the damage that his administration has already done." He said, "Any plan that will not protect our children from drugs is dead on arrival in this Congress." Gingrich urged Clinton "to renounce his timid defeatist attitude" toward illegal drugs. He said Republicans will wage a "World War II-style victory campaign against illegal drugs."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Record Budget Sought To Carry Out Drug War - $17 Billion Requested For Agents, Equipment ('Houston Chronicle' Account Of US Federal Money-For-Drugs Proposal) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 20:27:00 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US PA: Record Budget Sought To Carry Out Drug War -- $17 Billion Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Art Smart Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle Author: Nancy Mathis Contact: email@example.com XWebsite: http://www.chron.com/ RECORD BUDGET SOUGHT TO CARRY OUT DRUG WAR -- $17 BILLION REQUESTED FOR AGENTS, EQUIPMENT PHILADELPHIA -- The White House Friday outlined its plan "to shut the door" on drugs from the Mexican border, calling for an increase in Border Patrol agents and the use of advanced technology. "We think this is the blueprint for what we're going to try to accomplish. And we have told the Congress -- and I would suggest to you that what you need to do is hold us accountable by seeing if what we do in the next three years supports the strategy," said Barry McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy. President Clinton's budget proposal requests $17 billion to fight drugs, the largest ever presented to Congress. It is a $1 billion increase over last year. Taking aim at the border, the proposal calls for $163 million for the Border Patrol to hire 1,000 new officers, $54 million for advanced technology such as sophisticated X-ray systems and remote video surveillance and $75.4 million to stem drug manufacturing and smuggling in the Andean region and to train Mexican anti-drug forces. The strategy calls for cutting the drug flow in half within the decade. The administration wants a 15 percent increase, the largest percentage of increase to be aimed at programs for youth. The program calls for $195 million for an anti-drug media campaign to saturate television, the Internet and radio. McCaffrey said the budget proposal also "starts to effectively link the drug treatment community and the criminal justice community." McCaffrey said the proposal also would fund a program of mandatory testing of arrestees and a mandatory treatment program for those testing positive for drug use in prison. The retired Army general noted Mexico has stepped up its efforts to fight drug smuggling and is paying a price. "Mexico is under major internal attack, violence and corruption driven by international criminal organizations." Mexico, which has bristled at U.S. criticism, must face annual certification from the State Department that it is cooperating with American anti-drug efforts. Last year, Congress harshly criticized Mexico after its chief drug czar was found to be helping its biggest drug smuggler. "Although they've arrested some of their mid-level cartel leadership and driven others into hiding, it's still a very serious situation," McCaffrey said. But, he added, it is "a dangerous environment in both countries."
------------------------------------------------------------------- California Highway Patrol Study On Cannabis-Smoking Drivers Found Some Drive Better (List Subscriber Posts Quote From Book, 'Marijuana - Not Guilty As Charged,' About 1986 Research Published By California Department Of Justice, 'Marijuana And Alcohol - A Driver Performance Study') Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 15:35:21 EST Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Dave Ford" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list
Subject: Re: Gold Medal /17.8 nanograms per milliliter Regarding study of marijuana smoking drivers: A study in 1986 conducted by the California Highway Patrol (CHP) was published by the California Department of Justice, titled MARIJUNA AND ALCOHOL: A DRIVER PERFORMANCE STUDY---A FINAL REPORT. In this study, the CHP tested the correlation between marijuana smoking and a person's ability to competently operate a vehicle. To the CHP's surprise and embarrassment, it discovered that some people actually drive better after smoking marijuana. Source: From the book, Marijuana: Not Guilty As Charged, p. 101. Dave Ford
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study Turns Up Little Proof Of Date-Rape Drug ('Associated Press' Report In 'Orange County Register' Says Study Of 578 Rape Victims Found Rohypnol In Five - But Alcohol In 40 Percent, According To Dr. Mahmoud El-Sohly Of University Of Mississippi, Speaking At American Academy Of Forensic Sciences Conference In San Francisco) Date: Sun, 15 Feb 1998 18:48:41 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Study Turns Up Little Proof of Date-Rape Drug Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Author: Richard Cole, The Associated Press STUDY TURNS UP LITTLE PROOF OF DATE-RAPE DRUG Only five urine samples from 578 rape victims give evidence of Rohypnol. SAN FRANCISCO-Alcohol was by far the most common drug found in a study of urine samples taken from 578 rape victims who said they had been drugged before the attack, a forensic scientist said Friday. In 40 percent of the samples, no drugs were found, while only five samples showed the presence of the so-called date rape drug Rohypnol, said Dr. Mahmoud El-Sohly. "From what we are seeing now, it does not seem that any one drug is responsible," said El-Sohly, who runs a private lab and teaches pharmaceutics at the University of Mississippi. He presented his study Friday at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Only five samples showed Rohypnol, and four of those also showed the presence of other drugs, including alcohol, cocaine and opiates, El-Sohly said. Hoffman-LaRoche Inc., the maker of Rohypnol, nicknamed "roodies" on the street, paid for the testing, ElSohly said. The samples were provided by police departments, rape crisis centers and emergency rooms. Alcohol was present in 208 cases (36 percent), tranquilizers in 49 (8 percent) and cocaine in 40 (7 percent). In 234 cases, ElSohly found no trace of any drugs. In 1996, congressional hearings led to a federal law outlawing Rohypnol, scientifically called flunitrazepam, and mandating an additional 20-year sentence for anyone caught using it to commit rape. ElSohly's findings came as no surprise to people working in rape crisis centers, said Catherine Dougherty, a sexual-assault nurse examiner in Monmouth County, N.J. "A lot of my colleagues who suspected the use of date-rape drugs have sent our samples, and I don't know any who have gotten positive hits," she said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Likeliest Date-Rape Drug Used Is Alcohol, According To Study ('Houston Chronicle' Version Of 'Associated Press' Story, Somewhat Different) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 20:27:00 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US CA: Likeliest Date-Rape 'drug' Used Is Alcohol, According To Study Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Art Smart Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chron.com/ Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org LIKELIEST DATE-RAPE 'DRUG' USED IS ALCOHOL, ACCORDING TO STUDY SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -- Alcohol was by far the most common drug found in a study of urine samples taken from 578 rape victims who said they had been drugged before the attack, a forensic scientist said Friday. In 40 percent of the samples, no drugs were found, while only five samples showed the presence of the so-called date rape drug Rohypnol, said Dr. Mahmoud ElSohly. "From what we are seeing now, it does not seem that any one drug is responsible" said ElSohly, who runs a large private lab and teaches pharmaceutics at the University of Mississippi. ElSohly presented his study Friday at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Only five samples (less than .01 percent) showed the presence of Rohypnol, and four of those also showed the presence of other drugs, including alcohol, cocaine and opiates, ElSohly said. Hoffman-LaRoche, the maker of Rohypnol, nicknamed "roofies" on the street, paid for the testing, ElSohly said. The drug is used legally in many countries as a sleep aid. The samples were provided by police departments, rape crisis centers and emergency rooms, he said. Alcohol was present in 208 cases (36 percent), marijuana in 93 (17 percent), tranquilizers in 49 (8 percent) and cocaine in 40 (7 percent). In 234 cases, ElSohly found no trace of any drugs. In 1996 a federal law outlawed Rohypnol and mandated an additional 20-year sentence for anyone caught using the drug to commit rape.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Anti-Drug Mexican Journalist Gunned Down ('Dallas Morning News' Says Mexico City's 'Reforma' Newspaper Quoted Witnesses Saying Eight Police Agents Surrounded Luis Mario Garcia On Thursday Night And Roughed Him Up Before One Of Them Drew A Gun And Killed Him) Date: Wed, 18 Feb 1998 09:51:49 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: Mexico: Anti-Drug Mexican Journalist Gunned Down Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Anti-Prohibition Lg
Source: Dallas Morning News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dallasnews.com Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Author: Tracey Eaton ANTI-DRUG MEXICAN JOURNALIST GUNNED DOWN MEXICO CITY - Crusading journalist Luis Mario Garcia spent most days and many nights digging into the perilous underworld of drug lords and corrupt police. And that almost certainly got him killed, his colleagues say. An unknown assailant stuck a gun in Mr. Garcia's face late Thursday night and fired five times, the writer's boss said Friday. "WHO DID IT?" read the banner headline in Friday's la tarde newspaper. "He was one of my best reporters," publisher Miguel Rocha Valencia said. "He didn't just type up what was on press releases. He went into the streets and found news." Dozens of Mexican reporters have been attacked or killed in recent years. Mr. Garcia, 42, married with six children, was the first to be killed in 1998. Mr. Garcia was reportedly shot shortly after a late meeting with some of his federal police sources. Colleagues who rushed to the scene said it appeared he had five bullet wounds in the face and three or four in the torso. Mexico City's Reforma newspaper reported Friday that witnesses said eight police agents surrounded Mr. Garcia on Thursday night and roughed him up before one of them drew a gun and killed the journalist. Mexican authorities had no comment on the case Friday, and Mr. Rocha said he's not sure which version of the story to believe. Some witnesses say a sole assassin killed Mr. Garcia. Others put the number at four or more, Mr. Rocha said. "It's not our job to accuse anyone. Let the authorities investigate," he said. As of late Friday afternoon, no investigators had bothered to call la tarde or stop by and look through the newspaper's archives, Mr. Rocha said. "Our files are open," he said. "But no one has called." The newspaper, whose name means "afternoon" in Spanish, has a circulation of about 4,500. One of about 20 in Mexico City, la tarde was founded March 23, 1994, the same day that ruling party presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio was gunned down in Tijuana. Its former publisher, Simon Yamin Sesin, also headed a newspaper called Ocho Columnas, which means "eight columns" in Toluca, a city about 45 miles west of Mexico City. Mr. Yamin was slain in May in a still-unresolved case. Two suspects have been identified but not arrested, Mr. Rocha said. Mr. Garcia had been with the newspaper for less than two years. One of his most explosive stories, published in December, accused Mexico City's then newly appointed judicial police chief, Jesus Carrola Gutierrez, of being paid off by Tijuana's notorious Arellano Felix drug gang. Mr. Carrola denied any drug ties but resigned under fire shortly afterward. Another report by Mr. Garcia said the Arellano Felix gang had begun to infiltrate the upper reaches of law enforcement agencies in Mexico City, well out of its traditional Pacific Coast territory. His newspaper announced that story with a huge headline on Page 1: "Here Come the Arellano Felixes!" Still another story said that Mexican authorities were selling prosecutors' jobs to the highest bidders and that some federal attorney general's officials had received illegal gifts: baskets packed with fruit and wads of cash. After such stories appeared, Mr. Rocha said Mr. Garcia received threats. But he was used to that, having endured not only intimidation but also an assassination attempt last year. Gunmen chased him down and fired at his car as he and one of his sons were driving along a highway in northern Sonora state. One bullet struck the writer in the buttocks. Another hit his son in the head. Their car crashed and the assailants left, apparently thinking their target was dead. But the two survived, and Mr. Garcia immediately went back to writing about drug trafficking and police corruption. On Tuesday, Mr. Rocha said, an unidentified police commander with a foreign last name and an Army captain met with Mr. Garcia for four hours, insisting that he tell them where he was getting his information. He reportedly told them, "From your own personnel" and refused to say anything else about his sources. "His sources were very confidential," Mr. Rocha said. "When he'd write a story, I'd ask, 'Can you back this up?' and he'd say, 'Yes, this is true for this reason and that reason.' " Even in death, Mr. Garcia managed to get in a final word. In his last story published Friday, he said he had discovered a plaza in Mexico City where hundreds of federal agents gather each day, doing absolutely nothing as taxpayers foot the bill for their salaries and drug traffickers run free. Motorists, he wrote, are amazed to see "people armed with automatic pistols playing as if it were recess time for some public school."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Lord Slain In Inside Job, Officials Allege ('Los Angeles Times' Quotes Top Mexican Anti-Drug Prosecutor Mariano Herran Salvatti Saying Cocaine Cartel Of Amado Carrillo Fuentes Ordered Him Killed In July Because He Had Become A Liability - Story Also Alleges Three Plastic Surgeons Who Killed Fuentes Were Then Tortured To Death By Fuentes' Family In Attempt To Discover Mastermind) Date: Mon, 16 Feb 1998 15:06:53 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: Mexico: Drug Lord Slain in Inside Job, Officials Allege Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Bartman
Source: Los Angeles Times Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.latimes.com Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Editor's note: This article also appeared as "New Light On Killing of Drug Lord" in the San Fransisco Chronicle and "Druglord Apparantly Was Killed By His Own People" in the Orange County Register on Sat, 14 Feb 1998 DRUG LORD SLAIN IN INSIDE JOB, OFFICIALS ALLEGE Amado Carrillo Fuentes' cartel ordered him killed in July because he had become a liability, investigators say. MEXICO CITY (AP) --The death of Mexico's No. 1 cocaine trafficker, slain by his own plastic surgeons, was ordered by his own cartel because he had become a liability to a thriving business, investigators allege. Casting new light on the slaying, Mexico's top drug fighter said in an interview this week that investigators now believe that Amado Carrillo Fuentes was killed because the manhunt for him hurt the cartel's business. Investigators also now theorize that the three doctors responsible for Carrillo's death were tortured to death by his relatives in an attempt to determine the mastermind behind the drug lord's slaying, top Mexican anti-drug prosecutor Mariano Herran Salvatti said. "We believe that it was an internal deal. Amado Carrillo wasn't killed by outsiders but by people within his own organization," Herran Salvatti said. "He was becoming uncomfortable for the organization." The manhunt for the head of the Juarez cartel "was at such a level it put in danger" drug trafficking deals, Herran Salvatti said. Known as the "Lord of the Skies" for his use of huge passenger jets to bring tons of cocaine to Mexico from Colombia, Carrillo was the country's No. 1 cocaine trafficker at the time of his death. After Carrillo's death July 4 following plastic surgery to change his appearance, attention focused on other drug lords battling to move into his old territory. Several theories emerged in the media as to who was responsible, including the possibility that Carrillo was killed by followers of the Tijuana-based Arellano Felix brothers, who lead Mexico's most violent drug gang. Carrillo successfully eluded authorities for years. Once, local police officers allegedly in his pay helped him flee his planned arrest by federal agents at his sister's wedding. But his boldness led to his death. "Amado Carrillo began to lose his anonymity when he began to have more girlfriends," Herran Salvatti said. "He went to restaurants a lot more, and people began taking photographs of him." Authorities believe that pressure led him to a Mexico City clinic for plastic surgery to change his looks. But doctors at the clinic injected a dose of the sleeping drug Dormicum that "they must have known would kill him," Herran Salvatti said at a news conference in November. Investigators allege that Carrillo's relatives, led by his brother Vicente, tortured the doctors. The doctors' bodies were found four months after Carrillo's death, stuffed into oil drums on a seldom-traveled highway in the southern state of Guerrero. "The most accepted version is that the family killed them in revenge," Herran Salvatti said. "And that they may have been trying to investigate themselves as to where the order [to kill Carrillo] had come from. "The degree of torture was such . . . that they were trying to get something out of them," Herran Salvatti said. Four days after the doctors' bodies were found, prosecutors announced that two of the three had faced formal charges for intentionally killing Carrillo. The third doctor, though not charged, participated in the surgery. Sergio Aguilar, the drug lord's lawyer, was reported missing soon after the doctors' bodies were discovered. "I think he disappeared on his own initiative," Herran Salvatti said, "after he saw what happened to the doctors."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rebagliati Disgraces Medal ('Ottawa Sun' Columnist Who's Lived In His Ivory Tower Too Long Insists Canadian Snowboarder Who Won Olympic Gold Medal And Tested Positive For Cannabis Broke The Rules) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Rebagliati disgraces medal Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 10:22:49 -0800 Lines: 90 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Sun Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: February 14, 1998 Author: EARL McRAE, Ottawa Sun Section: McRae's World REBAGLIATI DISGRACES MEDAL The tears and sympathy for Ross Rebagliati, jerk, are enough to make me puke. Marijuana isn't on the IOC's list of banned substances and therefore it had no right to take away his gold medal? Horse excrement! Marijuana is a mind-altering drug and it's illegal in Japan and it's illegal in Canada and it's illegal for good reason and the amount of illegal marijuana in the system of Ross Rebagliati exceeded the minimum level imposed by the internationally governing body of his own sport, snowboarding, beyond which level sanctions can be applied, and the IOC applied them; it took away his medal, and good for the IOC, and shame on the porridge-brained Canadian Olympic Association for appealing it, and on the mentally-disenfranchised Court of Arbitration for reversing the IOC's decision. Who gives a damn whether marijuana enhances, diminishes, or plays ring around the rosy with an athlete's performance? The point is, it's illegal in the country of the athlete who tested positive, it's illegal in the country showcasing this year's winter Games, the IOC has every bloody right to set its own terms of admissibility, deniability, and consequences of compliance and non-compliance on the absolutely legitimate grounds of the ideal it seeks and what the Olympics are supposed to be all about at the competitive level: Purity of mind, body, and soul; purity of image; the athlete as a role model of discipline, smart judgment, and clean living. That it isn't always is not for lack of IOC effort, and anyone who would seriously object to such noble goals, including dealing with such "social" drugs as marijuana, is a loser. The IOC had no right to pick on Ross Rebagliati because marijuana isn't officially on the IOC's list of banned "performance-enhancing" substances? I see. Well, the Ottawa Sun does not have rape, murder, robbery, assault, fraud, drug addiction, or even serial plagiarism on its list of banned experiences when hiring; the reason being the Ottawa Sun does not have such a list, period. But I do tend to believe the Ottawa Sun, out of concern for propriety and image, would, oh, perhaps think twice about hiring people with such experiences; and most certainly have the arbitrary right to fire anyone who messed up along aforementioned lines -- even if the violation did not affect the deliverance of the award-winning story -- without the firing being over-turned by weeping hearts. Marijuana should be de-criminalized because it's relatively harmless? And, after all, cigarette smoking is legal? Amazing, isn't it, that many of the same zealots screaming for the ban of cigarettes are the ones braying for legalization of marijuana. Mother to eight-year-old daughter: "Daddy can't drive you to Brownies tonight, sweetheart, he's drunk and drunk driving is illegal. But marijuana's okay -- just like cigarettes and driving is okay -- and when mommy gets just a little more stoned out of her head on this joint, I'll drive you to Brownies. I love you." Excuse me? What's that you said? Responsibility? Accountability? Maturity? Dire consequences for bad actions? Don't be naive. No one gets punished anymore. Ross Rebagliati swears up and down he didn't smoke pot, which is illegal under the law of the land, just inhaled the smoke of the pot that's illegal under the law of the land, and which was being smoked by his friends whom he knew were breaking the law of the land, but did they care and did Rebagliati care? Nope. Screw the law of the land. As for me, I don't believe Rebagliati's "second-hand" smoke defence. I'm with those medical doctors, greater drug experts than Rebagliati, who also don't. The Olympic Gold Medal has a far longer and more honorable history than one Ross Rebagliati, shameless yobbo in a joke "sport," and Ross Rebagliati -- not a lawbreaker, he says, but a knowing consort of lawbreakers -- should have his medal stripped to save the medal, not him, from the humiliation of hanging around his undeserving neck.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Rebagliati Disgraces Medal (Letter To Editor Of 'Ottawa Sun' Responds To Rant By Nauseated Columnist, Noting November Angus Reid Poll Showed Majority Of Canadians Favour Cannabis Decriminalization - Suggests Columnist Avail Himself Of Medical Marijuana From Ottawa Club) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Sent: Rebagliati disgraces medal Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 12:32:52 -0800 Lines: 23 To the editor, Concerning Earl McRae's rant of Feb. 14, (Rebagliati disgraces medal), it is interesting to note that an Angus Reid poll published last November revealed that a majority of Canadians favour cannabis decriminalization, and education appears to be one of the most significant indicators of this attitude. Of those with less than high-school education, 51 per cent are opposed to the legalization of cannabis. But 55 per cent of university graduates are in favour. Is McRae a high-school graduate? His opinion and prose suggest otherwise. Regarding Canadian sympathy and support for Ross Rebagliati being enough to make McRae "puke". A majority of Canadians support Rebagliati because he proved that he is the best competitive snowboarder in the world. Fortunately for the Canadian hockey team, Olympic athletes are not judged on "purity of image and clean living". Fortunately for nauseated moralistic dinosaurs like McRae, cannabis is an extremely safe and effective anti-nauseant and cannabis buyer's clubs are opening in Ottawa. Matthew M. Elrod Phone: 250-[867-5309] 4493 [No Thru] Rd. Email: email@example.com Victoria, B.C. V9C-3Y1
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Rebagliati Disgraces Medal (Another Letter To Editor Of 'Ottawa Sun' Rebuts Assertion By Columnist Earl McRae That Marijuana Is 'Illegal For Good Reason') Date: Sun, 15 Feb 1998 09:52:30 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Haans
Subject: SENT: Re: REBAGLIATI DISGRACES MEDAL To the editor: Re: REBAGLIATI DISGRACES MEDAL (February 14, 1998) In his blustering OpEd piece on the Rebagliati affair, Earl McRae States that marijuana is "illegal for good reason." In reality, marijuana was made illegal in 1923 and to this day no one knows exactly why. It wasn't for another 9 years that anyone was charged with a marijuana offence, and even government officials in the 1920s, working on the details of an international drug agreement seemed oblivious to the fact that this drug was already prohibited in their own country. Since then, the Canadian LeDain Commission on the Non-Medical Use of Drugs (along with many other commissions in many other countries) has recommended the decriminalization of marijuana. Sober, rational research on the issue never fails to reveal that pot's prohibition is based only on the same type of moralistic posturing that McRae exhibits in his article. Perhaps McRae should hit the books before pounding on the typewriter -- at the very least, reading might calm him down somewhat! Dave Haans Toronto, Ont. *** Dave Haans Graduate Student, University of Toronto WWW: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca:8080/~haans/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Chretien Says He's Opposed To Relaxing Marijuana Laws ('London Free Press' In Ontario Quotes Canadian Prime Minister After His Moment Of Weakness Friday When He Cautiously Endorsed Ross Rebagliati Being Allowed To Keep His Olympic Gold Medal Despite Testing Positive For Cannabis) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Chretien says he's opposed to relaxing marijuana laws Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 09:35:06 -0800 Lines: 33 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: London Free Press Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: February 14, 1998 Author: SEAN DURKAN, Sun Media Ottawa Bureau CHRETIEN SAYS HE'S OPPOSED TO RELAXING MARIJUANA LAWS WINNIPEG -- Prime Minister Jean Chretien says he's never touched marijuana, with or without inhaling. And he doesn't want to relax Canada's marijuana laws in the wake of the controversy over Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati, who is being allowed to keep his Olympic gold medal despite testing positive for the drug. On Friday, Chretien cautiously endorsed Rebagliati being allowed to keep the medal. "He won the medal -- that is the point, and they claim that this drug is not something that helps an athlete to perform better," Chretien said on a Winnipeg radio talk show. Asked by talk show host Peter Warren if he had every tried the drug, Chretien said, "No, I'm sure. Apparently (U.S. President Bill) Clinton smoked it but did not inhale, and other leaders have said they used it. For me, I don't even use a cigarette." Later in the day, Chretien was asked during a meeting with local high school students if he intended to legalize marijuana. The question brought loud cheers from some older students, but Chretien won even louder applause when he said, "The best thing is not to take cigarette or marijuana or any drugs."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Olympic Winning Boxer Smoked Pot (List Subscriber Notes Canadian Snowboarder Who Just Won Gold Medal, Then Tested Positive For Cannabis Metabolites, Isn't First Great Green Hope - 1992 'Sports Illustrated' Article Documents Case Of US Boxer Eric Griffin, Disqualified From 1988 Team Over Positive Test) Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 14:34:33 -0800 (PST) From: email@example.com (Darral Good) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: Olympic WINNING boxer smoked pot Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Full content for this article includes illustration and photograph. Source: Sports Illustrated, July 22, 1992 v77 n3 p146(3). Title: Out front again. (U.S. boxer Eric Griffin; 1992 Summer Olympics) Author: William Nack Abstract: Eric Griffin is favored to win the gold medal in 106-pound boxing at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Griffin was suspended from the 1988 Olympic trials after testing positive for marijuana. He has since won the world championship in the 106-pound class every year from 1989 to 1992. Subjects: Olympics - 1992 Boxers (Sports) - Conduct of life People: Griffin, Eric - Conduct of life Electronic Collection: A12442591 RN: A12442591 Full Text COPYRIGHT Time Inc. 1992 There were days in late 1988 when Eric Griffin feared he was losing his marbles. "My mind was going crazy," says the 24-year-old light flyweight boxer. "My life had fallen apart. I had lost everything, and I just went nuts." Tossed and turned by insomnia, he would wake up some mornings at four o'clock, only a few hours after returning from his job as a dishwasher, pull on his sweats and run seven miles along the darkened streets of south Houston. Back home he would bolt awake again after an hour's nap and jostle his older brother, Tony, to work out with him. "My brother would hold up his hands and spar with me," Griffin says. "We didn't have any pads. And sometimes I would go crazy with him -- start to wrestle and throw him on the ground. He'd say to me, `I don't care how much you hit me or slap me. I'm going to get you back like you want to be. We're going to get it off your mind.' " There were nights when Griffin would hang his heavy bag from a tree not far from his apartment and bathe the ground around it in a spotlight. "I would run the spotlight on a generator with a battery and train right under that tree," he says. "I would cry when I trained. I would try to bust the bag, hitting it five or six rounds, and then I would kick the bag, trying to bust it, and push it and throw it. I was just berserk." It was thus he tried to chase the demons chasing him. Shortly after the Olympic trials in July 1988 Griffin, then the second-ranked American in the 106-pound class, was training in Las Vegas for a match in the Box-off against top-ranked Michael Carbajal for the right to represent the U.S. in that class in Seoul. When U.S. boxing officials said they wanted to see him, Griffin worried that something might have happened to a loved one back home -- to a member of his family or to Robert Jordan, the Houston computer executive who had become more like a father to him than any man he had ever known. "Eric, you have a problem," Colonel Don Hull, president of the USA Amateur Boxing Federation, told him. "What's the problem?" the young man asked. "In the drug test taken at the trials, you came up positive for marijuana. We are suspending you from the Box-off." The suspension was for six months. Not only had Griffin blown the chance for which he had been training the last four years, but within the week he was out of Jordan's life and on his own, without the man to watch over him, with just the spotlight in the tree to show the way. "I thought things would never come back like they had been," says Griffin. "I thought I would never come back." Almost four years later, to be sure, the man is back. Griffin's suspension was lifted in January 1989, and he has since won four consecutive world championships at 106 pounds -- from '89 through '92. Some observers judge him to be the finest amateur boxer in the world, a methodical, accurate puncher whose style is perfectly suited to the new international rules in which punches are counted by computer. "I'm going to win the Olympics," Griffin says. "As an amateur the only thing left for me is the gold. I always wanted to be something. And now I am." Griffin was raised mostly by his maternal grandmother, Rena Williams, a cook in Broussard, La., where he was taught to box by a local tough, Tim (Brown Sugar) Rabon. "Timmy taught me how to stick and move," says Griffin. "He taught me how to fight on defense. Boxing, you take your time, learn the skills, and you can get someplace. It keeps you sacrifighting." Griffin sacrifought his way right out of Broussard. In 1982, at 14, he won the 80-pound title at the Junior Olympics in Colorado Springs, and a year later at the Junior Olympics in St. Paul, Minn., he won the 85-pound championship. "Boxing opened the world to me," he says. "I was flying all over the place. I'd get home, and I was ready to go again two or three days later." When he was 16 Griffin accompanied another Broussard-area fighter, heavyweight Mike Williams, to Houston, four hours away. At 85 pounds, Griffin was clearly too small to have a future as an amateur. Or a pro. "You want to make any money, you're gonna have to put some weight on," Williams told him, and began feeding the boy as much as Griffin could eat. "Corn bread and milk, rice and beans, meat and gravy," Griffin says. "I was 106 pounds in six months. I stopped boxing and just built myself up. Mike had me doing 400 push-ups every day. And sit-ups, too, and he had me running three miles a day. It was the first time I was on a program." For two years Griffin scratched by to pay his bills, bagging groceries at a supermarket, doing odd jobs. "It was hard," he says. "I was alone. I wanted to make the Olympics, and every day in my apartment I worried about it." Griffin had never known his natural father, and he had never had a steady, sheltering male influence in his life until he met Jordan in late 1986. A onetime amateur out of Jasper, Tenn., Jordan was supporting a stable of fighters in a Houston gym. One of them was Williams, who urged Griffin to drop by. Recalls Jordan, "When Eric came into the gym, he was 5 ft. 3 in., 106 pounds, and I said, `What's this? He can't be a fighter!' Then he started to work, and everyone stopped to watch. He was just awesome, throwing so many punches and combinations." What Jordan liked best as he watched Griffin train over the next few weeks was how hard he worked. "He was just a little gym rat," says Jordan. "We started pointing for the '88 Olympic trials." Griffin won the National Golden Gloves title in 1987, and in the months they spent together, Jordan and the boxer grew close, sharing a vision of the future in Seoul. It all came apart, of course, when Hull summoned Griffin in Vegas. Jordan was flabbergasted on hearing the news. "This cannot be true," he said. But it was. Two weeks before the trials Griffin had joined some Houston friends in smoking a marijuana cigarette, thinking he would never get caught. He acknowledges that he had begun smoking dope a year before. "It wasn't like every day," he says. "I'd go out to a party and do it." By the time of the trials, Griffin says, "I thought it would be out of my system." At first Griffin protested his innocence to Jordan, and when the boxer twice tested clean after returning to Houston, the coach threatened to sue the boxing federation. When he heard that, Griffin decided to confess. "I never had a father that took care of me the way Bob did," he says. "I wanted to be honest with him. I didn't want to lie to him. I just couldn't do it. Something told me not to do it." So Griffin said, "Bob, I did it." Jordan was a child of the 1950s -- "If you smoked pot when I was growing up, you were a dope fiend," he says. "Get away from me," he told Griffin. "I don't want anything more to do with you. Go back to Louisiana and do whatever it is that 106-pound people do down there for a living. I quit!" Soon after, Griffin found himself beating on his brother and his heavy bag and training with manic intensity. He had several offers to turn pro -- "One guy offered me $75,000 cash up front," he says -- but he dismissed them all. "I couldn't do it," he says. "The Olympics in '92 was still a dream. I wanted to get back with Bob, just like it used to be. That's how desperate I was." The two men began talking, and they finally reconciled late in 1988. The boxer moved into Jordan's Houston home in early '89. "You can't box and hang around these same people," Jordan told him. "And you've got to go to church with me." Griffin also agreed to be tested periodically for drugs. Jordan moved back to Jasper (pop. 2,670) in late 1989, and Griffin followed a year later. He trained for a spell in a gym above a hardware store and barber shop in South Pittsburg, Tenn. "They were complaining that Eric was knocking their ceiling tiles out and making too much noise," the coach says. Those were not the only complaints they were hearing. Living in Sequatchie, a burg outside of Jasper, they began getting late-night phone calls. "No niggers allowed in Sequatchie," the voices would say. "We're gonna burn you down." After one caller threatened to run the boxer down while he was doing roadwork, Jordan called the FBI in Chattanooga and asked for help. An agent started flashing his badge and making inquiries from house to house. "We never heard another peep," Jordan said. Griffin is now living with his girlfriend, Kathy Benoit, and their 21-month-old son, Exavnear, and the man has become a celebrity in Jasper. He has been training lately out of a converted drugstore, and townsfolk regularly come by to watch him in his twice-daily toilings with the bags and ropes, peering through the plate-glass windows and gathering on the benches inside. He signs autographs and poses for pictures. "It turned out the way it should have," he says. "Telling the truth to Bob was the most important thing I ever did in my life. He helped me put my things back together. Things are like I never used to have them. And I'm talking to kids about staying off drugs. I've got my life back." CAPTION: As the Olympics neared, Griffin under glass was a dish the fans in Jasper savored. CAPTION: Their rift at an end, Jordan (standing) and Griffin wrapped up a spot on the team at the Box-off.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clubs Grow Like Weeds ('Toronto Sun' Says Eight Dispensaries For Medical Marijuana Are Or Soon Will Be Serving Patients In Toronto, Southern Ontario)Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 16:07:45 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Chris Clay
Subject: CANADA: Clubs grow like weeds Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org SOURCE: Toronto Sun DATE: February 14, 1998 AUTHOR: Dave Rider, the Toronto Sun WEBSITE: http://www.canoe.ca/TorontoSun/home.html CONTACT: email@example.com CLUBS GROW LIKE WEEDS A Toronto "marijuana club" is openly selling pot to medicinal users, as will seven similar clubs about to sprout up across southern Ontario. In a bold move they know will put them on a "collision course" with the law and possible life sentences for trafficking, pot activists held a press conference last night to announce their grand opening. "We are not a band of back-alley drug dealers looking to make it big," said Neev Taiero, who's involved with the Toronto club, Medical Marijuana Resource Centre. "MMRC exists because we believe that people are suffering unnecessarily." The 50-member club has worked in the shadows for almost two years but will be openly affiliated with similar non-profit clubs starting in west Toronto, Mississauga, Oakville, London, Guelph, Peterboro and Kitchener, said operator Warren Hitzig. Members will be restricted to those with doctors' letters confirming they have cancer, AIDS/HIV, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia/quadriplegia, epilepsy and intractable pain including arthritis. But those with letters proving they have any other diseases alleviated by pot intake, as well as anyone over 65, can also get the free memberships, Hitzig said. Each location will keep less than 30 grams of pot on hand and will deliver orders to members, charging "much less" than the street value of $90 for seven grams in Toronto and $50 for the same amount in London. Osgoode Hall law professor Alan Young said the clubs fill the gap between the user and a recent Ontario court ruling -- now under appeal -- that the government can't deny medicinal marijuana to Toronto epileptic Terry Parker. "(But) any way you slice or dice it this is probably an illegal activity ... an act of civil disobedience," said Young. The People With AIDS Foundation of Toronto approves of the clubs, saying appetite-inducing pot can mean the difference between "normal" life and skeletal death. The central-east Toronto club has no permanent address, while the clubs in west Toronto, Mississauga and Oakville will operate out of The Hidden Jungle hemp stores.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Pot Users To Form Buyer Network ('Toronto Star' Version Also Notes Activists Face Life In Prison For Trafficking) Date: Sun, 15 Feb 1998 19:00:00 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: Canada: Medical Pot Users to Form Buyer Network Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Neev (email@example.com) Source: Toronto Star Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thestar.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Author: Dale Anne Freed MEDICAL POT USERS TO FORM BUYER NETWORK Were not a bunch of back-alley drug-dealers I smoke five or six joints a day. If I don't smoke for eight days, then my mind is denser. Id shake a lot -Lynn Harichy, 36 year-old, buys marijuana to reduce the pain, nausea, and paralyzing effects of Multiple Sclerosis. They smoke marijuana and they proudly inhale. They say they don't do it for pleasure but to reduce pain. But those in group of about 50 people who met at 519 Church Street community center last night must produce a letter from the letter from their doctor before they can get marijuana through the non-profit Medical Marijuana Buyers Clubs of Ontario, said Neev Tapiero, who represents a Toronto Buyers Club. The club opened a location in Toronto more than 18 months ago; another is scheduled to open soon. Mississauga, Oakville, and Etobicoke are accepting applications. The London centre is expected to open in late March, Peterborough, and Kitchener in April, and Guelph in May. Only one other marijuana medical buyers club exists in Canada, said Alan Young, a lawyer for the group. The Compassion Club is located in Vancouver. The group cautions that it sells to medical users only: We're not a bunch of back-alley drug dealers, Tapiero said. Those receiving the illegal drug must claim to have conditions ranging from AIDS/HIV to muscular dystrophy, glaucoma, epilepsy, paraplegia or quadriplegia. Lawyer Alan Young told those gathered that selling pot was not something to be taken lightly. Those who sell cannabis potentially face life imprisonment for trafficking, he said. Federal drug laws make it illegal to possess cannabis or its derivatives which include marijuana, resin, and hashish. The group promises to sell marijuana that is pure and free of mould at prices below street value. Members say they plan to keep about 30 grams on hand in their buyers locations. Street value for marijuana is about $90 for 7 grams, the group said. Lynn Harichy, who with her husband Mike operates a buyers club in London, says the paralyzing effects of multiple sclerosis are greatly reduced when she smokes marijuana. I smoke five or six joints a day, she said. if I dont smoke for eight days, then my mind is denser. Id shake a lot. She noted marijuana reduces her pain and nausea, too. Her husband Mike thinks it is a lot safer for people who need the drug for medicinal purposes to buy it from a recognized group. Otherwise yourself in Jeopardy, said Mike who has bought his wife marijuana from biker gangs. AIDS activist Jim Wakeford, 53, was noticeably absent from last night's meeting. Wakeford wishes the medical marijuana clubs well, but is skeptical about their hopes for success: I think their hearts are in the right place. Wakeford was part of such a group called CALM last winter, started by Tapiero. But after 4.5 months, the club closed - in part because of peoples fear of entrapment, Wakeford said. At this point Wakeford smokes half a joint to a joint a day to ease nausea from a potent cocktail of 40 AIDS pills he must swallow each day. The former executive director of the Casey House Foundation is going to court to change the law so people with HIV and AIDS can use marijuana. If my case can help others I would be the happiest man in Canada. Wakefords case is to open in Ontario Court, general division, May 4. In December, a provincial court gave epiliptic Torontonian Terry Parker the right to smoke marijuana to ease his symptoms - a ruling has been appealed to a higher court. Wakeford hope to raise $15,000 to bring medical experts from abroad to testify to the medical benefits of marijuana for those with AIDS. (Those who want to help can reach him at 540 Church Street, #311, Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2E1.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Buyers Clubs Launched ('Ottawa Citizen' Says Six Civilly Disobedient Outlets Are Planned For Ontario In Aftermath Of Ontario Court's Ruling Giving Toronto Man With Epilepsy Constitutional Right To Grow And Smoke Marijuana) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Marijuana 'buyers clubs' launched Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 09:38:55 -0800 Lines: 88 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Citizen Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Saturday 14 February 1998 Author: Randy Boswell, The Ottawa Citizen Marijuana 'buyers clubs' launched Six Ontario outlets planned for users with medical need The activist group pushing to have marijuana declared legal for medical use has announced the launch of its first six "buyers' clubs" in Ontario. At a meeting last night in Toronto, the group stopped short of identifying store-front locations selling cannabis. But potential marijuana purchasers in the six cities where clubs have been formed are being advised to simply visit their nearest hemp store -- with a doctor's note -- to get further directions for obtaining the drug. "We're not going to be hiding," said organizer Peter Young, a Toronto hemp store owner who announced the opening of buyers' clubs in Toronto, Etobicoke, Mississauga, London, Kitchener and Peterborough. He said the marijuana will not be sold for profit and will be available at locations that are "wheelchair accessible" and "in commercial areas, not private residences." He added that any police officer posing as a patient could "easily" track down the sales venue, but said that "if they're going to bust us, fine -- but the next day we'll be open again." Mr. Young said "we hear rumours" about a club being set to launch soon in Ottawa, but had no further details. The buyers' clubs are being organized as part of a broadening movement to give AIDS patients and others access to the pain relief offered by marijuana. In a letter sent to the federal health and justice ministers last month, the activists had asked the government to exempt the buyers' clubs from the law. The group gave the government until Feb. 12 to respond. But Mr. Young says that because the group has not heard from the ministers, the club openings were announced as planned to keep the pressure on politicians to confront the issue of medical marijuana. A spokesman for Justice Minister Anne McLellan has said that the exemptions would not likely be granted "before public policy changes take place," which could "take some time." Law enforcers have said they don't intend to ignore the buyers' clubs or vigourously pursue arrests. Individuals connected with the buyers club risk convictions, fines and possibly jail time for trafficking cannabis. But the group behind the buyers' clubs is pointing to the growing number of public appeals, statements from politicians and recent court rulings that suggest society is ready to permit the use of marijuana to relieve suffering among those seriously ill. "We are dealing with life-threatening illnesses and enormous suffering, and I do not think it is fair to perpetuate this suffering simply because the medical profession and the pharmaceutical industry have demonstrated indifference to this issue," Osgoode Hall law professor Alan Young has written to the federal government on behalf of the buyers' club organizers. A recent Ontario court ruling gave Terry Parker, a Toronto man with epilepsy, the constitutional right to grow and smoke marijuana. But the ruling was seen as a specific exemption for Mr. Parker, rather than a precedent applying to anyone, and the government is appealing the decision. An Ottawa physician, Dr. Don Kilby, has applied to Health Canada for permission to supply Jean Charles Pariseau, of Vanier, with marijuana to help relieve some of his AIDS symptoms. Dr. Kilby has also voiced support for buyers' clubs. Mike Foster, the owner of Ottawa hemp store Crosstown Traffic, has said he supports the group and would consider organizing a local club. Another Ottawa resident, Ron Whalen, has said he has been informally supplying people with medical marijuana for the past year, although he is not affiliated with the Toronto-based group.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Club To Open Here - Lynn Harichy And Her Husband Will Handle The London Outlet ('London Free Press' Says Medical Marijuana Buyers Clubs Of Ontario Will Open A Medical Cannabis Dispensary In London By Late March) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Pot `club' to open here Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 09:33:12 -0800 Lines: 74 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: London Free Press Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: February 14, 1998 Author: Dave Rider, Sun Media Newspapers POT 'CLUB' TO OPEN HERE LYNN HARICHY AND HER HUSBAND WILL HANDLE THE LONDON OUTLET TORONTO -- "Marijuana clubs" in London and Toronto -- as well as six similar outlets across Southern Ontario -- plan to openly sell pot to medicinal users. In a bold move they know will put them on a "collision course" with the law and possible life sentences for trafficking, pot activists held a news conference Friday to announce their grand opening. "We are not a band of back-alley drug dealers looking to make it big," said Neev Taiero, involved with the Toronto club, Medical Marijuana Resource Centre (MMRC). "MMRC exists because we believe that people are suffering unnecessarily." The 50-member club has worked in the shadows for almost two years but will be openly affiliated with similar non-profit clubs starting up in London, west Toronto, Mississauga, Oakville, Guelph, Peterborough and Kitchener, said operator Warren Hitzig. Members will be restricted to those with doctors' letters confirming they have cancer, AIDS/HIV, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia/quadriplegia, epilepsy, glaucoma and intractable pain, including arthritis. But those with letters proving they have any other diseases alleviated by pot intake, as well as anyone over 65, can also get the free memberships, Hitzig said. Each location will keep less than 30 grams of pot on hand and will deliver orders to members, charging "much less" than the street value of about $90 for seven grams in Toronto and as little as $50 for the same in London. Osgoode Hall law professor Alan Young said the clubs fill the gap between the user and a recent Ontario court ruling -- now under appeal -- that the government can't deny medicinal marijuana to Toronto epileptic Terry Parker. "(But) any way you slice or dice it this is probably an illegal activity . . . an act of civil disobedience," said Young, who has received no response to his letter to the federal officials asking them to negotiate with the clubs. The London location will be owned by Lynn Harichy, 36, a multiple sclerosis sufferer whom Young will defend in April on charges of pot possession, and operated by her husband Mike. London police Friday showed no sign they'd break with past practice in dealing with the new outlets, if established in London. "We're dealing with people who have their own agenda, which is to legalize the use of marijuana," London police Sgt. John O'Flaherty said Friday. "They've just jumped on the medical bandwagon to further their own cause." IN LONDON Medical Marijuana Buyers Clubs of Ontario will be opening a club in London by late March. London hemp shop owner Pete Young, a "vocal supporter" of the buyers' club, said anyone interested in joining can pick up an application at his shop, Organic Traveller, at 343 Richmond St. Potential members must have their doctor complete the application. Young estimated there are "a couple of hundred cases" of patients who use marijuana as a medicine in the London area. The club's location has not yet been set, but once it has, Young said, he is hopeful club officials can "open a dialogue" with London Mayor Dianne Haskett and the London police. For more information, call Young at 432-4367. - Julie Carl, Free Press Reporter
------------------------------------------------------------------- Canadian Crime At Crossroads, US Expert Warns ('Halifax Daily News' Says William Bratton, New York City's Police Commissioner In Mid-1990s, Recommends Giuliani's Tactics Of Harassing Squeegee Kids, But Some Look At New York's New And Improved Murder Rate - 800 Last Year Per 7.5 Million People, Compared To 61 In Canada's Largest City, With 2.2 Million, And Note That Efficacy Of Bratton's And Giuliani's Tactics Is 'Completely Unsubstantiated') From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canadian crime at crossroads, U.S. expert warns Date: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 09:41:25 -0800 Lines: 78 Source: Halifax Daily News Contact: email@example.com Saturday, February 14, 1998 Canadian crime at crossroads, U.S. expert warns By TOM BLACKWELL -- The Canadian Press TORONTO (CP) - Canadian cities seem like New York 25 years ago and could take a similar spiral into murder and mayhem if they don't nip lawlessness in the bud, New York's "turnaround" police boss said yesterday. William Bratton warned police and politicians here against being complacent about crime rates that are still far lower than in the U.S. "Where you are is where we were in the early 1970s," said Bratton, New York's police commissioner in the mid-1990s. "My caution is to learn from how quickly New York tipped for the worse by not paying attention to a lot of these things that caused fear among the public - graffiti, aggressive begging, disorderly behavior." He advocated the so-called broken windows approach to policing, which aims to create a more law-abiding, orderly environment by cracking down on minor offences. It has transformed New York into one of the safest cities in the world, the dapper, smooth-talking Bratton insisted. But not all experts are convinced. Other American cities experienced similar crime rate drops and there's no evidence whatsoever that "broken windows" works, says University of Toronto criminologist Philip Stenning. He also said crime numbers in Toronto and other Canadian cities have been dropping - not getting worse - and that Bratton's ideas could actually do harm. "The notion that by harassing squeegee kids you reduce murder rates is just completely unsubstantiated," said Stenning in an interview. "The danger is that it's perceived as solving all our problems, when it doesn't solve any and it further divides the community." But Bratton's comments to a conference sponsored by the fledgling Ontario Crime Control Commission earned a warm response, with one deputy police chief calling him an "inspiration." Bratton talked of New York in the early 1990s as a city blanketed by graffiti, intimidated by extortionist squeegee "pests" and besieged by trigger-happy drug lords. Canada's largest city, with a population of 2.2 million, had 61 homicides last year, compared with almost 800 in 7.5-million-strong New York. Jim Brown, the Conservative backbencher who chairs the crime commission, has said he doesn't believe statistics that show crime here is falling. "Now's the time to stop the nonsense that's going on in the street," Brown said yesterday, endorsing Bratton's advice. "If we're not smart, we'll be there and all of a sudden we'll wake up one morning with all kinds of murder and all kinds of graffiti and all kinds of violence." Police Chief Barry King of Brockville in eastern Ontario said he doesn't believe Canada could descend to the state of lawlessness reached by many U.S. cities, but police here must be vigilant. "I think the citizen's perception is that we're there," said King. "You won't convince anyone in our community that kids aren't more violent or they're not under less control than they used to be."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Colombian Army Accused In Massacre ('San Francisco Chronicle' Says Colombian Soldiers Did Nothing To Stop, And May Have Aided, Paramilitary Gunmen Kill 48 Civilians Suspected Of Sympathizing With Guerrillas - Paramilitary Death Squads Could Be Seeking To Wrest Control Of Cocaine Trade, As They Have Done In Other Regions Recently) Date: Sun, 15 Feb 1998 18:24:46 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: Colombian Army Accused in Massacre Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Tom O'Connell"
Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 COLOMBIAN ARMY ACCUSED IN MASSACRE Mayor says soldiers did nothing to stop 48 from being slain BOGOTA -- Colombian soldiers have done nothing to stop-and may have aided-paramilitary gunmen who descended on the southern city of Puerto Asis two weeks ago and methodically killed at least 48 civilians who were thought to be guerrilla sympathizers, the city's mayor charged this week. Mayor Nestor Hernandez said Thursday that he warned army commanders posted in a garrison outside the town of impending bloodshed when the gunmen moved into the region January 30. But operating in groups of eight to 10 and often wearing ski masks, the death squads have continued gunning down people after ~lucking them from their homes '-om cars and buses, he said. According to Hernandez, 38 people have been killed in Puerto Asis, 335 miles south of Bogota, while at least 10 others have been slain in outlying areas. Hernandez also told reporters that a witness reported that some of the killers were flown into the area on military helicopters. Army commander Mario Hugo Galan angrily denied the mayor's account, calling it "totally absurd." The spate of killings appears to be part of a campaign by the death squads to drive leftist rebels from several southern states. The anti-government guerrillas dominate the region's lucrative drug trade, earning huge profits guarding crops of coca for top drug bosses. Besides trying to end the political threat posed by rebels, the paramilitary groups could also be seeking to wrest control of the cocaine trade, as they have done in other regions recently. Hernandez traveled to Bogota last week to ask government officials to provide protection for the residents of Puerto Asis, a city of 65,000 people with only a 17-man police force. "Unfortunately, they have done nothing," he said. Interior Minister Alfonso Lopez admitted on the Radionet network that "there has been a large number of murders and deaths (in Puerto Asis) ... that is very disturbing for the government." Last year, paramilitary leader Carlos Castano announced that his units would push into Putumayo, where Puerto Asis is located, and other southern states. But the killings in and around Puerto Asis illustrate a change in tactics of the landowner-backed death squads, which sprang up in the 1980s to combat leftist rebels that kidnapped and extorted money from wealthy ranchers. They are selective killings, here and there," said Jorge Rojas, director of the Colombian human rights group, Codhes. "They aren't going to massacre 30 or 40 people all at once because it generates too much attention and pressure from local and international (human rights) agencies." For years, paramilitary units made headlines for gruesome massacres that human rights groups have long said were condoned the Colombian military. Castano's men, who operate from a stronghold in northern Colombia, made their first foray into the south in July, when ti entered the town of Mapiripan, 175 miles southeast of Bogota, and tortured and killed 30 alleged guerrilla sympathizers over five days. In October, paramilitary gunmen killed six people in Miraflores, 115 miles south of Mapiripan. In both cases, military commanders were aware of the killing sprees but failed to stop them, Colombian prosecutors and human rights investigators say. Paramilitary forces had never before ventured into Putumayo remote jungle region on the border with Ecuador. In much of lawless state, leftist rebels: more prevalent than the army, raising the prospect of a bloody turf battle.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Skipper Free After Cocaine Charges Are Thrown Out (Ireland's 'Examiner' Notes Case Against Icelandic Captain At Cork Circuit Criminal Court Collapses And He Walks Free) Date: Sun, 15 Feb 1998 14:53:59 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Ireland: Skipper Free After Cocaine Charges Are Thrown Out Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Zosimos Pubdate: Sat, 14 Feb 1998 Source: The Examiner (Ireland) Author: Liam Heylin Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org SKIPPER FREE AFTER COCAINE CHARGES ARE THROWN OUT THE Icelandic captain - and former Lutheran Minister - thanked God and his legal team as he walked free from Cork Circuit Criminal Court, yesterday, when the case against him for conspiring to import cocaine collapsed, and a Youghal fisherman who pleaded guilty to the same charge was given a 10-year suspended prison sentence. John O'Shea (44), 7 Raheen Park, Youghal, Co Cork, pleaded guilty on Monday for his part in a conspiracy to import cocaine, and Judge AG Murphy imposed the suspended sentence. However, the media was ordered not to disclose this decision until the trial of Sigurdur Arngrimsson ended, as it was believed that such disclosure might have prejudiced the jury in their consideration of the case that went to trial. Det Sgt John Healy testified that O'Shea was the cook on the Tia and was involved in a conspiracy to import cocaine from Surinam in South America to Ireland. He described O'Shea as "a small cog in a big machine." O'Shea told gardai he was paid a monthly salary to do the cooking on the voyage. Judge Murphy said that he would normally impose a custodial sentence on such a serious charge, but he noted the garda's evidence that O'Shea "tried to back out," but was under pressure from other individuals. As events unfolded in courtroom one at the Washington Street courthouse in Cork, yesterday, the jury was told by Judge Murphy to return a verdict of not guilty in the case against Arngrimsson from Malmo, Sweden, on the conspiracy to import drugs charge. Defence senior counsel Ciaran O'Loughlin, made a successful submission to the judge that key evidence was inadmissible as Arngrimsson had been unlawfully detained, following the failure of the gardai and customs officials to find any drugs on the ship. Arngrimsson was arrested on November 5, 1996, at Castletownbere, Co Cork, and Mr O'Loughlin said that he should have been released at 1 p.m. on November 9. Judge Murphy agreed, and ruled: "That was not done and anything else that emerged afterwards was inadmissible." The development followed three days of legal argument, in the absence of the jury, on the admissibility of evidence. The court had been told that gardai "were acting on confidential information that he (the defendant) was involved in drug-trafficking from South America to Ireland; that alterations had been carried out to his ship that were not justified; that drugs were concealed on the ship, and that the ship had gone a long journey without a cargo." Arngrimsson said he did not trust the Irish legal system until yesterday, and solicitor Ray Hennessy joked that there were times when the defendant did not even trust him. He said that the first time that he worried about the outcome of the trial was on Monday when O'Shea pleaded guilty. The former Lutheran priest said that his wife Siggi died six years ago, yesterday. He believed that she and his mother were both "with me in spirit," he said, as he wept outside the courtroom. He said that he saw a good omen during the week at the guesthouse where he stayed in Cork. "My mother used to feed stray cats. The woman there (in the guesthouse) was feeding stray cats, too. I knew from that that my mother was with me in spirit." Relieved that the trial was over, the 66-year-old defendant plans to return to Sweden. He said that the idea of drug-trafficking went against everything he had done in the course of his life. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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