------------------------------------------------------------------- Nevada Ballot Proposal Would Allow Medical Marijuana Use ('Associated Press' Says A Medical Marijuana Initiative Petition Was Filed Friday In Carson City By Americans for Medical Rights - AMR Also Filed A Lawsuit In Federal Court On Monday To Void A Nevada Limit Of $5,000 Per Person Or Organization For Ballot Question Campaigns) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 11:56:30 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US NV: Wire: Nevada Ballot Proposal Would Allow Medical Marijuana Use Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Source: The Associated Press Pubdate: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 NEVADA BALLOT PROPOSAL WOULD ALLOW MEDICAL MARIJUANA USE CARSON CITY, Nev. (AP) -- A ballot proposal to allow marijuana use by Nevadans with serious health problems was filed here Friday -- following a lawsuit to ensure a lot of money can be spent on the ballot campaign. The initiative petition was filed by Americans for Medical Rights, which on Monday had filed suit in federal court, Las Vegas, to void a Nevada limit of $5,000 per person or organization for ballot question campaigns. The AMR is the same group that launched a successful 1996 medical marijuana petition in California. But a big legal battle developed over distribution through ``cannabis clubs.'' Dan Hart of Las Vegas, who is heading the signature-gathering for the Nevada initiative, said the problems that occurred in California shouldn't happen here. ``The way this is worded, once it is passed it will be policed appropriately,'' Hart said. ``We can all learn from the experience of California. This is a refined version of what was approved there.'' And even though Nevada's laws against marijuana are much harsher than California's, Hart predicted the initiative will easily qualify. ``While this state is conservative, it's also fiercely protective of individual rights,'' he said. ``And this is about an individual who is ill having the right to use medication that helps with the symptoms of a disease.'' Hart must collect 46,764 signatures by Aug. 5 to get the proposal on the ballot. Voters would have to approve the plan this November and again in November 1990 before the Nevada Constitution could be revised. Under the plan, marijuana could be used by anyone suffering from cancer, glaucoma, AIDS, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, or from severe nausea caused by other ``chronic or debilitating medical conditions.'' A person who wants to use marijuana would have to get a go-ahead from a doctor, and any use of the drug by a minor would have to be approved in writing both by a doctor and the minor's parents. A registry of patients authorized to use marijuana for medical purposes would be available to police if they needed to verify a claim that it's being legally used by someone. A final section says an insurer wouldn't have to reimburse a health care policyholder for costs of buying marijuana, and an employer wouldn't have to make accommodations for pot-smoking by sick employees.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Deportation Shatters Family ('Los Angeles Times' Says A 17-Year-Old Los Angeles Boy Killed Himself With A Bullet To The Head, Despondent Since His Father, A Legal Resident Of The United States For 29 Years, Was Deported In December Because Of A 1989 Conviction For Selling A $10 Bag Of Marijuana - Enough For One Pot Cigarette - To A Paid Police Informant)Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 12:01:35 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Jim Rosenfield
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: art/lat: Deportation tragedy *** This story, which appears in MapNews, today, presents a golden opportunity to highlight the stupidity and tragedy of the "get tough" mentality. It is another "great" example of how our marijuana laws are not really protecting Americans and not really saving our children from this "menace". Please get in your letter to the Times' editors. Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times pubdate: March 14, 1998 *** Deportation Shatters Family Tragedy: Teenager kills himself after his father--a legal U.S. resident for 29 years--is sent to Colombia because of $10 marijuana sale in 1989. Grieving mother struggles with effects of strict new U.S. policy. Gerardo Anthony Mosquera Jr. was a good boy in a tough neighborhood, his parents say. He took his studies seriously, enjoyed sports, stayed away from drugs and worked after school to help support his struggling family, which included three younger siblings and an infant son. That the 17-year-old junior at Bell Gardens High School would put a bullet through his brain still seems inconceivable, says his distraught family, except for one painful fact: Gerardo had been despondent since his father--Gerardo Antonio Mosquera Sr., a legal resident of the United States for 29 years--was deported in December back to his native Colombia, part of a rising nationwide tide of such expulsions. The father was removed because of a 1989 conviction for selling a $10 bag of marijuana--enough for one pot cigarette--to a paid police informant.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Students Lose Rights In Random Searches (17-Year-Old High School Student's Letter To Editor Of 'San Jose Mercury News' Says Subjecting Students Of Milpitas Unified School District To The Use Of Trained Dogs To Randomly Check For The Presence Of Drugs Violates US Constitution's Fourth Amendment Protection Of The Right Of The People To Be Secure In Their Persons, Houses, Papers, And Effects, Against Unreasonable Searches And Seizures) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:50:06 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: Students Lose Rights In Random Searches Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Pubdate: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury New (CA) Contact: email@example.com STUDENTS LOSE RIGHTS IN RANDOM SEARCHES WHILE I am not surprised by it in the least, I cannot help but be appalled by the stunning disregard for students' rights displayed by Superintendent Mary Frances Callan of the Milpitas Unified School District in her recent letter to your paper (``Milpitas schools are proud of anti-drug efforts,'' Opinion, March 2). While I cannot condone the use of hard drugs by anybody, especially my fellow high school students, I do not believe that the ``use [of] trained dogs to randomly check for the presence of drugs on our campuses'' is the solution. Has Superintendent Callan forgotten the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution? A document which is taught in the very schools she runs, it states in part, ``The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.'' I do not see any disclaimer in the Constitution which reserves these rights for adults. As I understand it, the Fourth Amendment protects everyone, regardless of age, from ``unreasonable searches and seizures.'' Those students who are bound by law to attend school should have the same rights on school property as they would have in their own homes. I am not saying that they are free from all searches and seizures; if they were, for instance, to go to an airport, it would be reasonable to expect that they be searched, as they would be there of their own free will. However, if they are required by law to go somewhere, any searches performed on their persons or property without immediate cause would seem unreasonable to me. The issue in this case is not teen drug use, but rather an abuse of power on the part of the school authorities. Superintendent Callan's attitude is altogether too common among the teachers and faculty of our public schools, not to mention in the halls of Congress. Right now they are persecuting the teenagers; you could be next. -- Jordan Tulin, 17 Saratoga High School
------------------------------------------------------------------- State Prisons Chief Defends Officers Accused In Fights ('Orange County Register' Quotes California Corrections Department Director C.A. Terhune Saying Eight Officers Accused Of Staging Gladiator-Style Fights Among Inmates, Killing One, 'Acted Appropriately' - His Office Will Provide Lawyers To Defend Guards Against Federal Charges) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 22:37:49 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US CA: State Prisons Chief Defends Officers Accused In Fights Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Pubdate: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 Source: Orange County Register Section: News / page 4 Contact:(firstname.lastname@example.org) Web:(http://www.ocregister.com) STATE PRISONS CHIEF DEFENDS OFFICERS ACCUSED IN FIGHTS The head of California's prison system said Friday that eight officers accused of staging gladiator-style fights between inmates "acted appropriately." He said his office would provide lawyers to defend them against federal charges. "After reviewing the evidence and statements given under oath, I believe these officers acted appropriately." He said his office would provide lawyers to defend them against federal charges. "After reviewing the evidence and statements given under oath, I believe these officers acted appropriately. It is important that we support our officers who put their lives on the line every day they go to work," Corrections Department Director C.A. Terhune said in a written statement distributed by his office. The eight officers - a prison lieutenant, two sergeants and five correctional officers - allegedly conspired to brutalize prisoners at Corcoran State Prison in Kings County. One prisoner was shot in the head by a guard during an April 1994 fight. Federal investigators said the fight between rival gang members was deliberately staged but got out of hand.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Icky, Inside Story On Drug Abuse ('Washington Post' Article About Students From Ellen Glasgow Middle School In Fairfax County, Virginia, Seeing Body Organs Damaged By 'Drug Abuse' Suggests Students Were Most Impressed By The Organs Subjected To Legal Tobacco Or Alcohol Use) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 19:42:07 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US: WP: The Icky, Inside Story on Drug Abuse Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: rlake@MAPinc.org Source: Washington Post Author: Jennifer Lenhart, Washington Post Staff Writer Pubdate: Saturday, March 14, 1998 Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ THE ICKY, INSIDE STORY ON DRUG ABUSE Medical Students Use Diseased Organs to Make Their Point at Fairfax School It was the liver that made the children squeal the loudest. "Ooh, gross!" shrieked a clump of sixth-grade girls as Neil Segal held up the pork-chop-size organ in a classroom at Fairfax County's Ellen Glasgow Middle School yesterday. Not just any liver. This one, riddled with yellow bumps, belonged to an alcohol abuser who suffered from cirrhosis, Segal explained. Segal, 26, who attends Vanderbilt University, was one of 49 medical students who came to Glasgow to give preteens dramatic proof of the damage that drugs and alcohol can cause to the body's vital organs. The medical students, in Washington for a conference of the American Medical Student Association, brought 70 specimens in all -- livers, lungs, brains and hearts. "They flew with us on United," said Eric Berkson, 24, a student at the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine. Berkson and fellow Chicago medical student Charles Samenow, 24, founded the Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention program. For three years, they have wowed students in the Chicago area with their show-and-tell version of "Just Say No" to drugs. Their visit to Fairfax marked the first time they had taken the show on the road. "Seeing a heart or lungs is something they never forget," said Samenow, a Falls Church native and Glasgow graduate. The organs -- packed in water-filled plastic containers and later draped on red plastic plates at the middle school -- belonged to drug and alcohol abusers who donated their bodies to science. Before seeing the specimens, the 300 sixth-graders were primed with an hour-long discussion about the realities and misconceptions about drug and alcohol use. Then came the main event. "You might see pictures, you might see movies," Samenow told the students. "But this is the real thing." There were a few rules. Touching the organs wouldn't be allowed, he said. "We ask you to treat them with respect." Neeris Maldon, 12, of Falls Church, pointed to the yellow marks on the cirrhotic liver. "How do these go away?" he asked. "Can that cause cancer?" Ava Ighanian, 12, of Alexandria, chimed in. Cirrhosis of the liver can, indeed, lead to cancer, said Segal. And the bumps, he said, will never go away. "Even when you stop [drinking]?" asked Keyber Mendez, 13, of Falls Church. Not even then, said the medical student. Across the room, Samenow had the rapt attention of a group of boys who were studying the lung of a cancer victim. The specimen had some healthy tissue, but the telltale circular splotches of cancer were plain to see. Samenow showed the students small pockets of black from tar in cigarettes. Anne Millard, 30, a student at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, held a brain in her gloved hands at another table and asked students how cocaine hurts the body's most complex organ. The responses were rapid: "It can make you tired." "It can make you lose your memory." Memory is stored here, Millard said, pointing to some pathways in the organ. "It's pretty neat," said Daryl Anthony, 12, of Annandale. "I learned about what the drugs did to the heart, lungs, liver and brain. I learned about how you can lose brain cells." Zain Javed, 11, of the Alexandria section of Fairfax, said the lesson was crystal-clear. "If you don't want your insides to look like that," he said, "don't do drugs." (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Pressures Congress To Pass A Bill On Tobacco ('Orange County Register' Says The Overeating Cigar Smoker May Threaten To Keep Lawmakers In Session Until They Pass A Tobacco Bill) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 22:37:49 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US: Clinton Pressures Congress To Pass A Bill On Tobacco Sender: email@example.com Newshawk:John W.Black Pubdate: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 Source:Orange County Register Section:news / page 12 Contact:(firstname.lastname@example.org) Web:(http://www.ocregister.com) Escalating election-year pressure on Congress, President Clinton on Friday said he would consider keeping lawmakers in session until they pass a tobacco bill. "I don't think they should leave without resolving the tobacco thing," Clinton told reporters, noting that the congressional session this year is extremely short. "You can't justify taking another whole year to deal with this. The issues are somewhat complicated. But they're not that difficult, and they ought to be dealt with this year," Clinton said. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott characterized the comment as "not helpful" and "counter-productive." Lott, a Mississippi Republican, said, "Every time he takes a shot like that, it tells me he doesn't want the solution, he wants the politics."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rock Vows Response To Woman's Pot Plea ('London Free Press' In Ontario Says Canadian Health Minister Allan Rock In Tillsonburg Met Friday With Lynn Harichy, A Multiple Sclerosis Sufferer, And Told Her He Is Taking Seriously Her Plea To Legalize Marijuana For Medical Use And Hopes To Have A Solid Response For Harichy Within Months) Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 09:35:49 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Canada: Rock Vows Response To Woman's Pot Plea Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Kelly T. Conlon" Pubdate: 14 March 1998 Source: London Free Press Author: John Miner, Free Press Regional Affairs Reporter Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.canoe.ca/LondonFreePress/home.html ROCK VOWS RESPONSE TO WOMAN'S POT PLEA TILLSONBURG -- Federal Health Minister Allan Rock says he is taking seriously a plea by Londoner Lynn Harichy to legalize marijuana for medical use. Harichy, a multiple sclerosis sufferer, met with Rock in Tillsonburg Friday, asking him to push for legalization for such purposes. She was pleased with his response. "I'm really happy," Harichy said. Rock said he and Justice Minister Anne McLellan have asked senior civil servants to review the implications of legalizing marijuana for medical purposes. He said he hopes to have a solid response for Harichy within months. "I told her we are taking her position very seriously," Rock said. Rock was in Tillsonburg Friday to announce the legalization of industrial hemp, a close relative of the marijuana plant that has no psychoactive qualities. Harichy, who is facing charges for possession of marijuana, said she told Rock of her plan to open a Medical Marijuana Buyers Club in London. The club will sell marijuana to members who have doctors' letters confirming they have cancer, AIDS, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, paraplegia, quadriplegia, epilepsy, glaucoma and intractable pain. "I told him I want to give patients an opportunity to get it without having to buy it off the street. I said I don't want to go to jail for it. He said they are very, very close to a resolution," Harichy said. Harichy said if changes aren't made in the law, she will be in court on the possession charge in June or July. She is raising money for her defence. Osgoode Hall law professor Alan Young has agreed to defend Harichy on the charge.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Minister Of Health Allan Rock Meets With Lynn Harichy (An Account From Harichy Herself, Plus Background Information From DrugSense) Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 08:02:02 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Richard Lake (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Minister of Health Allan Rock meets with Lynn Harichy Lynn Harichy, an MS patient from London, Ontario, Canada sent me the following about her meeting with the Canadian Health Minister: *** I am very proud to say I got my meeting with Allan Rock! I went to Tillsonburg to meet with him. When I got there I was told it was by invitation only. I said I needed to see him and a big guy came over and said just hold on. A while later a girl came over and grabbed my arm and said come with me. I followed her and said where are you taking me? She opened the glass door for me to go in and then said 'he's expecting you.' I said who? She said Allan Rock. I went in and he came over and said it is so nice to finally meet you, I've read your e-mail. I said, "Well, here is another just in case." He smiled shook my hand again and then said "Anne McLennan and I have been working on this, we are setting up for the pharmaceutical companies to provide marijuana. We are just working out some things." I told him in the mean time I will open up the buyer's clubs and provide it until things change, and I don't want anyone being busted for getting medication. He said yes and shook my hand again and thanked me for bringing this issue forward. He said 'we are this close to making it available for medical purposes' (holding his thumb and finger an inch apart). I thanked him for listening and let myself out. I then met with the press to fill them in. Things are looking good, BUT DON'T STOP THE PRESSURE! I don't want them to back down now. Lynn Harichy *** Matt Elrod, the webmaster for DrugSense, also received the message and responded: This is outstanding news Lynn! At first, being the cynic that I am, I thought it must be too good to be true. But Rock must have known you were about to speak with the press and surely he wouldn't dare to make empty promises. Un-smegging-real. We all you owe a big thank-you and a virtual hug. Though it remains to be seen what sort of regulations Rock will propose, I don't expect them to be nearly as restrictive as some of the initiatives and propositions being tabled in the states. Can you imagine the U.S. Surgeon General meeting with Laura Kriho, smiling, shaking her hand, and assuring her that he is close to allowing pharmaceutical companies to provide medicinal cannabis at the federal level? Un-smegging-real. Thanks again Lynn, Matt *** Lynn is very well known in Canada, having been on national TV and radio, and written about in many newspapers. About 40 of the articles about Lynn can be found by searching at the following page on ' Lynn and Harichy ': http://www.mapinc.org/search.htm The HempNation website also has an outstanding FOCUS about Lynn's Constitutional Challenge, currently scheduled to go to court on April 27th (as well as information on how to donate - there is still a critical need for funds): http://www.hempnation.com/focus/focus-0111.html And you can chat (the next best thing to in person) with Lynn on Saturday and Sunday nights just by pointing your browser to the following page at about 6:00 p.m. Pacific or 9:00 p.m. Eastern time and signing in: http://www.mapinc.org/chat/ Thank you, Lynn, for all that you do! A big 'Way to Go!!!' Richard Lake Senior Editor; MAPnews, MAPnews-Digest and DrugNews-Digest email: rlake@MAPinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/drugnews/ For subscription information see: http://www.MAPinc.org/lists/ Quick sign up for DrugNews-Digest, Focus Alerts or Newsletter: http://www.DrugSense.org/hurry.htm
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hemp Industry Given New Life ('London Free Press' In Ontario Notes Rebirth Of Canada's Hemp Industry, Quoting Health Minister Allan Rock Saying, 'Legalizing Hemp Production Is Tangible Proof That The Federal Government Does Look At Issues Through A Rural Lens') Date: Thu, 19 Mar 1998 18:25:49 -0500 From: "R. Lake"
Subject: MN: Canada: Hemp Industry Given New Life To: DrugSense News Service Organization: The Media Awareness Project of DrugSense Newshawk: Joe Hickey Source: The London Free Press Author: John Miner, Free Press Regional Affairs Reporter Pubdate: 14 Mar 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.canoe.ca/LondonFreePress/home.html PHOTO: Health Minister Rock with hemp shirt CAPTION: "Slipping into a shirt made of hemp, Health Minister Allan Rock announced in Tillsonburg Friday new regulations that permit the growth and harvesting of a hemp crop in Southwestern Ontario." HEMP INDUSTRY GIVEN NEW LIFE TILLSONBURG-The Canadian hemp industry was reborn here Friday with more than 100 people cramming into an afternoon news conference to watch Federal Health Minister Allan Rock act as midwife. "As of today, the cultivation and commercial use of hemp for the first time in 60 years is now legal in this country," Rock told a vigorously applauding audience, which included farmers, crop scientists, farm machinery companies and business people already building hemp-processing plants. Hemp was banned along with marijuana in 1938 because it contained a small amount of the same psychoactive ingredient, THC. The regulations released by Rock Friday to allow farmers to grow hemp put tight controls on the varieties grown to ensure the hemp has no psychoactive effect. Rock, who credited the rural members of Parliament with making him aware of the value of hemp, extolled the virtues of the crop. Hemp can be used as a wood substitute, as a textile, in clothing, rope, automotive parts and as a food source, Rock said. Rock said hemp will not only be a new crop for farmers, but it will mean new products and new jobs. "It is an absolutely remarkable product that, for 60 years, we have not been able to use in this country because of an outdated philosophy. Thank goodness those days are gone," Rock said. Rock, who angered many in rural areas when he was justice minister for stiffening Canada's gun control laws, emphasized the need to be sensitive to the rural perspective in Canada. Legalizing hemp production is tangible proof that the federal government does look at issues through a rural lens, he said. Rock was credited by John Finlay, Liberal MP for Oxford, with pushing senior bureaucrats in his department to have the regulations in place to allow commercial hemp production this year. Estimates before Rock took over as health minister were that the regulations would not be ready until 1999 or 2000. "We are here today because this minister made it his personal priority," Finlay said. For farmers to grow hemp and businesses to process the crop, they must be licensed by Health Canada. Rock said his department is aiming to process applications within 10 days. The regulations also specify that farmers cannot grow less than four hectares, that only approved seed can be grown and crop will be tested for the THC levels.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Border Crackdown Keeping Canadians Out - Some Barred Five Years Or Fined On The Spot (Toronto's 'Globe And Mail' Describes Aftermath Of Tough New US Law That Took Effect Last April Which Obliges US Immigration Inspectors To Impose A Five-Year Ban On People They Judge To Be Misrepresenting The Reasons For Their Visit) Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 14:50:36 -0400 (AST) Sender: Chris Donald
From: Chris Donald To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: G&M: U.S. border crackdown keeping Canadians out U.S. border crackdown keeping Canadians out Some barred 5 years or fined on the spot Saturday, March 14, 1998 By Sean Fine The Globe and Mail James Horner, a 39-year-old Torontonian accepted into a chiropractic school in San Jose, Calif., packed up his minivan and headed for the Sarnia - Port Huron border crossing last October. He never made it through. A U.S. immigration inspector did not believe his story and judged his documents from the Palmer College of Chiropractic West insufficient. "They held me for five hours, repeatedly saying, 'You're a goddamn liar, you're a goddamn liar.' It was as if they were trying to behave like television cops." Then Mr. Horner was banned for five years from the United States, with no right of appeal. His story is not unique. At the world's longest undefended border, Canadians are running into a new barrier set up by Congress. Under a tough new law that took effect last April, immigration inspectors must impose a five-year ban on people they judge to be misrepresenting the reasons for their visit. Hundreds of Canadians have been subject to the ban. At the Buffalo border crossing alone, 300 people, of whom probably 100 are Canadian citizens, were ordered banned between April and October, according to Winston Barrus, deputy director of the Buffalo district Immigration and Naturalization Service. (In all, 23,064 people were hit with the five-year ban in its first six months, most at the Mexican border.) But if Canadians are getting into trouble as perceived liars, they also appear to be encountering some problems for telling the truth. At preflight inspections by U.S. officials in Calgary, some Canadians are being asked whether they have ever used marijuana -- and if they say yes, they are barred indefinitely from the United States, according to Calgary lawyer Michael Greene. This week Mr. Greene, who specializes in immigration, was called by a 25-year-old woman who said she was barred after admitting to having tried marijuana when she was 19. In another case, U.S. immigration officials alleging to have found what Mr. Greene calls a "crumb" of marijuana in the cap of a 30-year-old Canadian student told the man that if he paid them $500 cash and signed a document admitting to lying to border officials, he would not face a fine of $5,000 for attempted drug smuggling. A customs official escorted the Canadian through the airport concourse to a bank machine where he withdrew the cash, then to a currency-exchange counter so it could be converted into U.S. dollars, Mr. Greene said. (The student is now barred indefinitely from the United States.) Kevin Cummings, program manager for the U.S. Customs Service's passenger operations, said his country's authorities do not want people bringing drugs with them. Speaking in general about such incidents, he said: "They want to ensure that once he walks out the door, he doesn't just go away. He's attempted to make entry to the United States. He's not free to go." And if he refused to sign the document? "They would probably have turned him over to the Canadians and let the Canadians criminally prosecute him, I assume. I don't know what the alternatives would be." Sean Rowan, a spokesman for the Canadian Foreign Affairs Department, was unequivocal about U.S. powers of detention in Canadian airports: There are none. "The American preclearance officials do not have the right to detain anybody at a Canadian airport. No detention is allowed." "It's amazing. It makes my hair rise," said Mr. Greene, who is national secretary of the Canadian Bar Association's immigration and citizenship section. "There's no way our police could ever pull this off. Our customs people could never pull it off. If Canadians were doing this to Americans, we'd probably have an international incident on our hands." How widespread are these incidents? Michael Davis, an immigration lawyer in Minneapolis who often handles Canadian matters (Mr. Greene refers people to him), said he has heard of several such episodes, but only from Calgary. "Under the zero-tolerance laws, let's say they find a microscopic speck of something. The government believes that's enough to exclude somebody." Mr. Greene said that in the past few weeks he has received several calls from individuals who said they have been barred from the United States for admitting to past marijuana use. Suspicion was aroused by a drug-sniffing dog employed by the Americans, by the traveller's appearance or by information in computer records. A 44-year-old Calgary businessman, who owns a film and television production company, said in an interview that a drug-sniffing dog singled him out on Jan. 6, 1997. Under questioning he admitted to having smoked marijuana while in school decades earlier, and was told he was barred indefinitely. The U.S. official gave him a form to fill out if he wishes to gain entry. It requires a letter from the RCMP that he has no criminal record; for that he must have his fingerprints taken. Also, he must answer whether he or any members of his family have ever been members of the Communist Party, he said. "It's just wild. Remnants of the fifties McCarthyism are still around." (He did not want his name used because he was afraid the publicity would hurt his chances for permission to enter the United States.) The five-year ban, part of the "expedited removal" provisions of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, was designed to stem illegal immigration, especially from Mexico. Before it took effect, people barred from the country by border officials could obtain a hearing before a judge. But immigration officials could do little about people who lied to them or presented false documents, said Russ Bergeron, a spokesman for the Immigration and Naturalization Service in Washington. The officials had two options. They could place the individuals in formal deportation proceedings, but those would last four to six months and would mean detaining tens of thousands of people each year; or they could allow the individuals to withdraw their applications and go home. But those people could then simply try another border crossing until they succeeded, he said. "There was no punitive or deterrence factor." Although appeals to the courts now are not allowed, "there is a review process," Mr. Bergeron said. An initial inspector flags concerns for a second inspector, who interviews the subject and decides whether to impose the ban. That decision is reviewed by a supervisor. But critics say low-level immigration officials act as prosecutor, court reporter and judge, that questioning occurs without a meaningful chance to respond to allegations, and that the punishment is too strong for the crime. Those held for questioning have scant rights while in detention and may be held several hours without food or access to a washroom, and there is no right to see a lawyer, family or friends, says the American Immigration Law Foundation in Washington. The foundation is challenging the law in Federal District Court on behalf of 18 U.S. aliens, including four Canadian citizens. One of the Canadians, Steven Williamson of Oakville, Ont., said that when he wrote in an affidavit that he had been denied counsel, an immigration officer ripped the paper, threw it at him, began swearing, took off his jacket and touched his gun. Mr. Williamson said he became afraid and decided to be more compliant. He was barred for five years for allegedly misrepresenting his reason for entering the United States. "From our perspective it's killing a fly with a cannon," Joel Guberman, a Toronto lawyer who specializes in U.S. immigration, said of the five-year penalty. He travelled to Washington last month to press the U.S. government for changes to the law. Although no appeals to courts are possible, Mr. Guberman managed to persuade a group of officials monitoring expedited removal to overturn the five-year ban on Mr. Horner, the prospective chiropractic student. In October, while waiting to receive his student visa, Mr. Horner headed south, hoping to find lodgings and visit relatives, he said. His plan was to spend a month, then return to Canada and pick up his visa. But a U.S. immigration official accused him of having no intention of studying. She said his minivan was packed so full he must be planning to set up a life in the United States. "There were other inspectors coming by and applauding her, saying, 'Good work, Marianne,' " Mr. Horner said. "At one point she yelled across the room to one of the other inspectors, 'I've got one.' They were sort of clapping each other on the back." In one case cited by Mr. Guberman to the U.S. government, a Canadian employee of a large U.S. subsidiary in Canada was travelling to the United States to train workers and visit friends. She told border officials only that she was visiting friends, and did not mention the business purpose until she was questioned further. She was then barred for five years. "Business people are fond of the little white lie. 'I'm just going down for the weekend.' They want to avoid scrutiny. It's almost a cultural icon for Canadians," Mr. Guberman said. But he asked, "Should a misrepresentation bar an individual when the truth would not?" The Canadian government has decided not to oppose the five-year ban, even though the law does not provide for judicial review, because Canadian immigration authorities themselves can issue exclusion orders from which there is no right of review, according to a press spokesman at the Canadian embassy in Washington. (In some circumstances they can bar people for a year -- for instance, if a person shows up without a required visa and insists on being allowed in, the spokesman said.) "One of the great misconceptions for the public is that lying at a border where we cross regularly back and forth has no consequences," the embassy spokesman said. "We are trying to remind people that when you talk to a border official, the best thing you can do is to tell the truth." Copyright (c) 1998, The Globe and Mail Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Swiss Say Evidence Links Salinas Brother To Drug Money (Britain's 'Guardian' Cites Yesterday's 'Wall Street Journal' Article Saying Swiss Investigators Have Obtained Sworn Evidence From United States Drug Agents And Mexican And Colombian Traffickers And Financiers Constituting 'Firm Evidence' That Raul Salinas, The Exiled And Jailed Brother Of The Former Mexican President Carlos Salinas, Made Tens Of Millions Of Dollars In The Early 1990s As A Crucial Intermediary For Colombian Drug-Trafficking Cartels) Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 06:50:37 -0800 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: Pat Dolan
Newshawk:Pat Dolan Subject: Swiss say evidence links Salinas brother to drug money Source: The Guardian, UK PubDate: Mar 12 1998 Section: EdPage Contact: ? Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Swiss say evidence links Salinas brother to drug money By Martin Kettle in Washington Saturday March 14, 1998 Swiss investigators believe they have firm evidence that Raul Salinas, the jailed brother of the former Mexican president Carlos Salinas, made tens of millions of dollars as a crucial intermediary for Colombian drug-trafficking cartels in the early 1990s. A report in the Wall Street Journal yesterday says the Swiss team, which froze $120 million (£75 million) in Swiss bank accounts controlled by Raul Salinas at the start of the investigation in 1995, have obtained sworn evidence from United States drug agents and Mexican and Colombian traffickers and financiers which reveals a multi-million dollar network of links between the drug cartels and Mexican politicians, with Mr Salinas at its centre. Mr Salinas is in prison in Mexico for conspiring to murder a political opponent and still faces possible charges of "inexplicable enrichment". He has always denied that his wealth comes from the drugs trade, but one witness told investigators that the Colombian cartels paid $80 million to Mexican politicians between 1990 and 1993 and that half the money went directly to Mr Salinas. The witness, Guillermo Pallomari, was chief personal adviser to Miguel Rodriguez, one of the four Cali cartel chiefs, from 1990 to 1994, before turning himself over to the authorities. Mr Pallomari says that Mr Salinas was paid directly by Amado Carillo Fuentes, who was then the head of Mexico's largest cocaine network. He has provided investigators with documents supporting his allegations. Mr Pallomari says that Mr Salinas received money, watches, paintings and jewels in return for facilitating drug flights into and out of Mexico and arranging for the return of drug hauls seized by the authorities. According to Mr Pallomari, Mr Salinas was known by the cartel as chupa sangre - the bloodsucker. On one occasion, investigators have been told, Mr Salinas arranged for the return of 3,000kg of cocaine to the Cali cartel after 5,000kg had been seized by Mexican drug enforcement authorities in Acapulco. Mr Salinas continues to claim that his fortune consisted of money given to him by others for investment. But the Swiss investigators are said to have obtained detailed ledgers from the cartels which record payments to Mr Salinas and other politicians and officials. Interview: Michael Palin Mexico has indicated that it is unlikely to agree to the extradition of Mr Salinas to stand trial in any other country, but a spokesman for the attorney-general, Jorge Madrazo, said yesterday that his office would like to work with the Swiss authorities once the investigations there had been completed. The evidence does not directly implicate Carlos Salinas, Mexico's president between 1988 and 1995. He left the country after his brother was charged with involvement in the assassination of a leading political opponent, Luis Donaldo Colosio. Carlos, who has lived in Dublin for much of the time since then, says he did not know about his brother's activities. However, some of the witnesses have told the investigators that the Colombian cartels thought that their payments to Raul Salinas were a way to buy influence with the president. As well as the Swiss inquiries into Raul Salinas's financial affairs, other investigations have been taking place in the US, Mexico, France and Britain. As well as the cartel in Cali, Mr Salinas has been linked to two others - one of them Colombian, the other Mexican. Part of the investigation also centres on how Mr Salinas was able to transfer millions of dollars into Swiss accounts from a Citibank private account based in Mexico. Copyright Guardian Media Group 1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Raid Massive Moonshine Operation ('Ottawa Citizen' Says Quebec Bootleggers Supplied Bars, Individuals - Industry Insiders Have Said As Much As 27 Per Cent Of Alcohol Sales In The Province Involve Illegal Liquor) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Police raid massive moonshine operation Date: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 10:41:45 -0800 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Ottawa Citizen Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Saturday 14 March 1998 Author: Don Campbell POLICE RAID MASSIVE MOONSHINE OPERATION Quebec bootleggers supplied bars, police say NAMUR, Quebec -- Tucked away in the rolling Laurentian hills, a dilapidated barn houses a homemade distillery for what could be the largest and most sophisticated bootlegging operation ever uncovered in Quebec. Surete du Quebec officers from Hull raided the rural farm on Highway 363 yesterday, halfway between Namur and Notre-Dame-de-la-Paix, about 22 kilometres north of Montebello. The raid was part of a massive undercover operation nicknamed Operation Baboche (Operation Bootleg), which also targeted several locations in the Montreal and St-Jerome areas. Eighty-three provincial police officers swooped down on nine locations in Quebec at 10 a.m. yesterday, capping a one-month investigation into an elaborate organization that produced, bottled and sold illegal alcohol to bars as well as individuals. Police have not yet determined how much money the operation was bringing in, but say it might have been worth millions. The massive investigation began in earnest late last month, after an informant told police about the operation. Inspectors with Quebec's liquor board, the Regie des alcools, have stepped up their efforts to locate illegal booze in licensed establishments in recent months, reacting to suggestions by industry insiders that as much as 27 per cent of alcohol sales in the province involve illegal liquor. In the raid near Namur, police arrested a 52-year-old man and a 53-year-old woman at the rented farm, which includes a quaint chalet. The two were still being questioned last night at provincial police headquarters in Papineauville. Charges involving fraud and the production and distribution of contraband alcohol were pending. Seasoned investigators marvelled at the organization's complexity and its attention to detail; they were especially impressed by the distillery's capabilities. >From the road, the two-storey distillery looks like a weathered, slightly leaning barn. But the barn features living quarters for workers and extensive hydro hookups for the numerous kettles used to produce alcohol that police estimate was 92-per-cent pure. The alcohol was then shipped to a location closer to St-Jerome. The finished product eventually found its way to bars on the Kanawake Reserve and in the St- Jerome area. Police were also amazed at the quality of the labels the organization allegedly produced for the contraband alcohol and are trying to trace the labels' origin. "If I brought one of the bottles of liquor they produced and you looked at it, you wouldn't know the difference from a legal bottle," said Capt. Richard Begin, head of the provincial police's organized crime unit, which works out of St-Jerome. Raids on warehouses near St-Jerome netted 10,000 litres of alcohol in large plastic containers, waiting to be bottled. It represented some 4,800 1.5-litre bottles with a street value approaching $150,000. Police also seized 140 bottles ready for sale, in addition to countless bogus stickers for rum and vodka. "We haven't been able to calculate the potential profit because what these people were selling for between $15 and $20 would cost $40 to $50 at the Regie des Alcools," Capt. Begin said. "We had a big bust last spring near Mont-Laurier and this certainly compares in every area, except the capacity to produce. This is by far, much larger." Capt. Begin said he believes the organization had been in operation since last September. He said he thought it had just completed a shipment and was preparing to embark on another when the police conducted their raid. He said his investigators found no link with organized crime, such as motorcycle gangs. He did say the investigation was far from over, and the police may make more arrests. Police netted seven suspects during yesterday's raid; investigators believe the ring may involve as many as 100 people. Several of those arrested yesterday are known to police. Inspectors will also be combing bars and nightclubs in the St-Jerome area, looking for illegal booze already on the shelves. "This involved a lot of money," said Capt. Begin, while officers searched the chalet and distillery. Capt. Begin remarked that " a message should go out to people who insist on buying illegal booze E That is, that we have no control over the quality or quantity of what is being produced illegally and that could be dangerous." Copyright 1998 The Ottawa Citizen
------------------------------------------------------------------- Untying The Drug Knot ('The Age' Notes Police In Victoria, Australia, Are Experimenting With A System Of 'Cautions' That Reduces Penalties For Pot Possession - Not To Be Confused With Decriminalisation) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 22:37:49 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: Australia: Untying The Drug Knot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Russell, Ken KW" Pubdate: Sat, 14 Mar 1998 Source: Age, The (Australia) Author: Paul Heinrichs Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.theage.com.au/ UNTYING THE DRUG KNOT Just 100 young pot smokers are at the core of the Victoria Police's step-by-step attempt to cut the Gordian knot that has made drug law reform almost impossible in this state. The offenders, mostly men aged 17 to 21, became the "guinea pigs" of a six-month cannabis cautioning system on trial in Melbourne's northern suburbs, aimed at diverting them away from court appearances and towards health advice centres. Under the trial, the 100 were allowed to go uncharged for using or possessing cannabis, provided they met tight criteria and they consented to a caution, a formal process in police stations with a police sergeant or more senior officer present. Although people were eligible for the cautions for carrying up to 50 grams of cannabis (a bag that might cost $600) for personal use, more than 80 of those involved had only 5 grams or less, enough for a couple of joints. The scheme is being evaluated for a report to the chief commissioner, Mr Neil Comrie, within weeks. It has already been lifted for a statewide trial in Western Australia, and is being examined by other forces. Mr Comrie said this week that he had been encouraged by initial reports of the trial in Broadmeadows and would consider whether to extend it statewide. "We will then start turning our minds to whether or not we ought to include other drugs in that program," he said. Although the northern suburbs scheme is only a small step in policing, it is a giant leap for the philosophical approach to drug law enforcement. It amounts to a de facto decriminalisation of cannabis for low-level users who are not trying to deal or committing other offences, a position that was not obtainable less than two years ago. "It's a step in the right direction, and an important step," says the drugs expert Professor David Penington. It was only in June 1996 that the proposal by Professor Penington, head of the Premier's Drug Advisory Council, for decriminalisation of minor cannabis usage was overwhelmingly rejected by the coalition. This was despite the recommendation having come forward after a long inquiry and report, and being made for two significant reasons. The first was to eliminate the waste of police and court resources involved in prosecuting minor users of cannabis. The second was that in order to reach young people at risk of harm from using more serious drugs like heroin, it was necessary to establish and maintain credibility. The inquiry judged that was impossible while the law still criminalised the use of a substance widely accepted in the community and recognised as much less dangerous than tobacco or alcohol. "In fact," says Professor Penington, "the Government judged it couldn't proceed with our recommendations, because there wasn't sufficient public support. There was too much public concern about it. If in fact we are moving in this direction, the community is getting used to looking at things in a different way." The Penington approach to heroin was that first-offence heroin users should not be taken to court but get an official warning and referred to counselling. It did not involve changing the criminal status of heroin. Now working on drug law issues for Australia's capital city lord mayors, Professor Penington believes there has been a substantial change in police attitudes and the trial was "an attempt to find a way to implement the sort of approach we had recommended. But it was done in their own way, and not using the words we used". The most crucial aspect of the trial was that it could be instituted under police operating rules, a procedure which did not require fresh legislative authority. It could be instituted by Mr Comrie himself, although the Police Minister would have been informed or consulted. Two senior police are in charge of the trial: Superintendent Peter Macievic (policy branch), and Chief Superintendent Peter Driver, in charge of I District, covering suburbs from Brunswick to Broadmeadows and Essendon. As well as being in line with the Penington thinking, it was an extension of the police caution system that had worked successfully for many years for a variety of offenders under 17 and for adults caught shop-stealing. Mr Macievic said the trial required extensive preparation time in testing and design. Criteria also required offenders had no prior drug offences, or any other offence at the time of apprehension.This is why just 100 people were eligible out of the thousands of police contacts over the trial period. According to Ms Angie Laussel, acting executive director of the Court Network support service, keeping young people out of courts is crucial if at all possible. She says that convictions for minor cannabis use still could have serious consequences in people being blocked from a number of career paths. It also could lead to shame and banishment for people in traditional families. The trial began on 21 July last year, and is continuing in that area. A key element of the caution is that people are given a form with comprehensive information on cannabis's effects and dangers, especially for long-term users. Mr Driver said the trial had been well accepted by the police involved, who were often constables of a similar age to the people caught with cannabis.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Smokescreens - The World Health Organization Is Showing Signs Of Allowing Politics To Get In The Way Of The Truth ('The Economist' Says In Recent Weeks The Reputation Of WHO Has Suffered A Number Of Blows - One Instance Emerged This Week When It Was Revealed WHO Suppressed A Controversial Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Study That Found Non-Smokers Married To, Working With Or Growing Up With Smokers Were Not Significantly More At Risk From Lung Cancer Than Anyone Else) Date: Sun, 22 Mar 1998 06:34:49 -0800 (PST) To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Alan Randell) Subject: WHO showing signs of allowing politics to get in the way of the truth Newshawk: Alan Randell Pubdate: March 14, 1998 Source: The Economist (U. K.) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Science and Technology Smokescreens The World Health Organization is showing signs of allowing politics to get in the way of the truth. Is the body that wiped smallpox and has done so much to promote mass vaccination losing its way? In recent weeks the reputation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) has suffered a number of blows, as critics have accused it of bowing to political pressures rather than publishing unpalatable research findings. One instance emerged this week. A controversial study which looked for links between lung cancer and passive smoking found that non-smokers married to, working with or growing up with smokers were not significantly more at risk from lung cancer than anyone else. The research, commissioned by Rodolfo Saracci of the WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer, involved in a seven a seven-year-long study of 650 lung-cancer patients. Since it was one of biggest single pieces of research conducted into the issue, its results were eagerly awaited by the medical world and lobby groups. But instead of being released with a fanfare they were summarised in three short paragraphs and buried in a bulky WHO internal document. Those paragraphs emerged in the British press - undoubtedly tipped off by the country's tobacco lobby - and were accompanied by gleeful assertions that the WHO was trying to suppress the findings. Certainly the conclusions will have been an embarrassment for the organisation. Though the WHO has long admitted that the links between lung cancer and passive smoking are weak, it has nonetheless used the perceived danger to rally public support against the tobacco industry, particularly in pressing for a worldwide ban on smoking in public places. Surely, say its critics, if this study had supported the WHO's current anti-smoking positions, it would have trumpeted the fact. But the study not only clashes with the tenor of WHO's own anti- tobacco campaign, it also appears to undermine the American government's war on public smoking. Unsurprisingly, many fear that the WHO's agenda is no longer governed solely by scientific principles. Rather, they suspect, it is influenced by its biggest paymaster - the United States. This view is reinforced by the stance the WHO has seemed to take on another awkward issue: the links between radiation and thyroid cancer. Sources close to the organisation allege that Keith Baverstock, a leading scientist at the WHO, has been under unrelenting pressure to leave the organisation following his work on the incidence of thyroid cancer after the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. This research, which found cancer rates that were more than 100 times normal in some areas of the Ukraine and Belarus, conflicts with work done by the American government in its own study dangers to public health from nuclear testing in Nevada in the 1950s. That study, published by the government's National Cancer Institute (NCI) last year, was inconclusive, and failed to tackle the issue of cancer risk. Indeed, it left out a vital piece of research by NCI's own scientists. This had found a high incidence of thyroid cancer associated with radioactive iodine. An independent committee was set up by America's National Academy of Sciences to look at the NCI conclusions about health risks from nuclear testing. Dr Baverstock is the only WHO employee on that committee. A smoking gun? Why should Dr Baverstock be under such pressure? One explanation is that, if the health risks associated with nuclear tests and accidents have been underestimated or understated, the American government could face new lawsuits on everything from the Nevada tests to the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in 1979. And there is a third instance where the WHO has apparently been embarrassed by its own findings, and embarrassed America into the bargain. On February 21st New Scientist claimed that the WHO had "caved in to political pressure" by failing to include data suggesting that cannabis is less harmful than alcohol or tobacco when it published a report on the effects of the drug. New Scientist alleged that the WHO was persuaded not to publish by warnings from America's National Institute on Drug Abuse, and also from the United Nations that its findings would play into the hands of groups campaigning to legalise pot. The WHO has countered some of these accusations though it would not comment on the case of Dr Baverstock, saying the issue is between him and his regional director. In the case of the passive smoking study, Richard Peto, an epidemiologist at Oxford University who advises the WHO, says that accusations of a cover-up are nonsense. The WHO tried to get its findings published by the British Medical Journal late last year, but they were rejected on the grounds that the BMJ had just published a much bigger "meta-analysis" study on passive smoking, collating almost 40 research papers on more than 4,000 cancer patients. This larger study came to the conclusion that there was indeed an increased risk of lung cancer from passive smoking (25% higher than for those living in a smoke-free environment), but that tiny compared with the 2,000% increased risk for active smokers. The BMJ therefore decided that the WHO's results were not noteworthy enough to print. The WHO says it is still trying to have the study published. It submitted the research to the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in February and is waiting for it to be peer-reviewed. As for the study of the impact of cannabis, the organisation denies accusations of suppressing data. Alan Lopez, who manages its substance abuse programme, says the decision to withhold the findings on cannabis was because epidemiological data on the drug are less reliable than those for alcohol and tobacco. There are lessons, though, in the ease with which the WHO's motives have been impugned by sceptics. It is dangerous to become involved in campaigns that are not solidly based on scientific evidence. For instance, even the small ill-effects of passive smoking found by meta-analysis were the result of chronic pressure at home or at work, not casual whiffs in a pub. Although passive smoking is unpleasant and irritating for non-smokers, that alone cannot justify banning it in public places. The danger, if the WHO appears to be campaigning against passive smoking primarily for political reasons, is that it will weaken the message about the real risks of smoking (which causes 6% of all deaths and is the world's fastest-growing killer after AIDS). The organisation ought rather to concentrate on where its research, rather than politics, leads it. Unfortunately the structure of the WHO makes this difficult. It exists at the pleasure of its 191 member states, which finance it but demonstrate no real understanding how to run it. Its regional directors are appointed not by the organisation's director-general but independently by health ministries in each country. Because the member countries pay the fees and appoint the directors, the WHO could find it difficult to resist pressure to support their political agenda. Critics claim that the result is an organisation which is dispirited, confused and lacking in vision. The WHO needs once again to become a neutral arbiter of health information, ready to put its advice into practice, as it did in its fight to eradicate smallpox. There are hints of change. The new director-general, Gro Harlem Brundtland, who will replace Hiroshi Nakajima this summer, is considering altering the way regional directors are appointed to make them more directly answerable to the organisation. With the WHO turning 50 this year, it needs to overcome its mid-life crisis. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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