------------------------------------------------------------------- Hallinan - Let The City Pass Out Pot If Clubs Close ('San Francisco Examiner' Says San Francisco District Attorney Terence Hallinan Will Make The Proposal In Court Papers He Plans To File Monday In US District Court In San Francisco In An Effort To Keep Open The City's Pot Clubs, Under Siege By The Courts And The US Justice Department) Subj: US CA: Hallinan: Let The City Pass Out Pot If Clubs Close From: "Tom O'Connell"
Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:31:34 -0500 Newshawk: "Tom O'Connell" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: San Francisco Examiner Page: A 1 - Front Page Author: Zachary Coile Of The Examiner Staff Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/ HALLINAN: LET THE CITY PASS OUT POT IF CLUBS CLOSE If the federal government shuts down California's marijuana clubs, city health workers could be called on to distribute the drug to patients who need it, San Francisco District Attorney Terence Hallinan said Saturday. The former city supervisor and outspoken backer of medical marijuana made the suggestion in court papers he plans to file Monday in U.S. District Court in San Francisco in an effort to keep open The City's pot clubs-under siege by the courts and the U.S. Justice Department. Hallinan admits the idea is still in the working stages and needs more thorough review by the health department and other city agencies. Mitchell Katz, director of the San Francisco Health Department, said the proposal remains "a hypothetical," but he expressed support for the concept. "What you're hearing is that there is an absolute commitment to vigorously make sure marijuana is available to those who need it to alleviate their sickness," Katz said. "If the pot clubs are forced to close, The City would look at a variety of alternatives." he said. 'It's an energetic and courageous city. I think we will find a way." The proposal would be a last ditch way to preserve the intent of Proposition 215, the initiative passed by state voters in 1996 that legalized the cultivation and distribution of marijuana for seriously ill patients, he said. MUNICIPAL MAVERICK The proposal, which would have to be approved by the Board of Supervisors, could make San Francisco the first city in the world actively to provide marijuana to its citizens and would continue The City's reputation as a municipal maverick and testing ground for progressive ideas. "I would prefer that these clubs do it, but we're throwing out alternatives in light of what the courts appear to be saying and the lack of clarity in the proposition itself," Hallinan said. 'We're struggling to make this resource available to ill people." Katz said the health department would wait for the courts to decide the fate of the pot clubs before launching a study of the costs and logistics of setting up a city-run marijuana operation. Despite several recent court rulings, the status of the clubs remains up in the air. In December, the 1st District Court of Appeal ruled against buyers clubs, saying a commercial outfit cannot furnish pot to the sick by claiming to be a patient's "primary caregiver." Prop. 215 allows patients or their primary caregivers to cultivate or possess marijuana for medicinal use by the patient upon a doctor's recommendation. A state Supreme Court ruling on Feb. 25 let the appellate,court ruling stand. IGNORED COURT ORDER But the Cannabis Cultivators Club of San Francisco has largely ignored a Superior Court order to block it from selling or giving away marijuana at the club's offices. Despite the Supreme Court's decision, founder Dennis Peron said his position as caregiver to the club's 8,000 customers puts him within the confines of the law. State and local law enforcement officials have not challenged him. Hallinan will file his friend-of-the-court brief to block a separate effort by the Justice Department to shut down the Cannabis Cultivators Club and five other clubs in Marin County, Oakland, Santa Cruz and Ukiah. U.S. Attorney Michael Yamaguchi moved to close the collectives in January, saying they violated the federal Controlled Substances Act. A court hearing in the case is scheduled for March 24. In the brief, Hallinan argues that closing pot clubs would force patients with AIDS, cancer and other serious illnesses to seek marijuana on the street, at significantly higher prices. 'What is now a reasonably well controlled, safe distribution system and one that has generally been characterized by cooperation with city officials - will instead devolve into a completely unregulated, and unregulatable, public nuisance," he wrote. CITY MIGHT DISTRIBUTE POT If the clubs were outlawed, The City might have to distribute marijuana itself in light of the "ill effects of forcing patients to purchase medical marijuana on the street," he wrote. A spokesman in Attorney General Dan Lungren's office, which has steadfastly opposed pot clubs said the courts would likely have to determine if city health worker could distribute marijuana. "I can't say for certain whether a health care worker (for The City) is a primary caregiver or not," said spokesman Matt Ross. John Hudson, co-director of the now-defunct Flower Therapy, San Francisco pot club that was one of the targets of the federal case, said he backs the move to, make medical marijuana a government responsibility. "It's because it's a health issue that's why," Hudson said. "Let' take it out of the hands of law enforcement and put it into the hands of health officials, where people want it." Board of Supervisors President Barbara Kaufinan said she had not heard Hallinan's suggestion, but said the board would seriously consider it if pot clubs in the area were closed down. "The board is very supportive o the public being able to have access to the medical use of marijuana, Kaufman said. "If the district attorney is proposing something, there is some kind of legislation and if the health department was willing to go along with it, I think would have the board's support."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Crank - It's Deadly, And It's Everywhere (Sensationalistic, Fear-Mongering And Factually Challenged Piece Of Hype From 'San Francisco Examiner') Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:50:06 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US OK: Crank: It's Deadly, And It's Everywhere Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "Tom O'Connell" PubDate: March 15, 1998 Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Page: A-20 Author: Ed Timms, Dallas Morning News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 CRANK: IT'S DEADLY, AND IT'S EVERYWHERE MCALESTER, Okla. - Mike Murray hocked his son's Nintendo to get more money for methamphetamine. Clay Carter lost everything owned to the drug, also known as crank, He went through two marriages and became a stranger to his two daughters. Angela Garcia got hooked after a friend: wedding. She was drunk, passed out and late for the reception - and another bridesmaid offered a snort to wake her up. A sign on the main drag into town proclaims that McAlester is the "Home of Cowboys and Italians." But to some it has another reputation - as the crank capital of eastern Oklahoma. Other communities are confronting similar problems. From Hawaii to the heartland, the drug is taking a heavy toll. Methamphetamine has become the third deadliest drug being used in California, after crack cocaine and heroin, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The means of getting high vary: Crank can he be injected, ingested, smoked or snorted like cocaine. Decades ago, methamphetamine was the drug of choice for bikers, who used it to get high, and truck drivers, who used it to stay awake. Today, it attracts a wide population including blue-collar workers, homemakers, college students, suburban teenagers, the rural underemployed and upscale nightclub crowds. People working extra jobs use it as some truckers traditionally have, to get an energy boost and overcome fatigue. Domestic Violence It contributes to domestic violence and broken marriages. Families lose breadwinners and end up on welfare. Children whose parents are addicts often land in foster care. Babies of addicts start their lives with serious health problems. Many users suffer physically, and some die. Extreme weight loss is not uncommon. Some abusers are covered with skin gouges where they have tried to scratch away imaginary "crank bugs." Researchers say that chronic use leads to irritability, paranoia and violent tendencies. In McAlester, Pittsburg County Sheriff Bennie Durant speculates that most of the prisoners in his jail are users. Carter, Murray and Garcia recently were among them. He estimates that more than 80 percent of the crimes committed in the county are related to methamphetamine. 'They're stealing to get it, or beating their wives" while under its influence, said Durant, a retired troop commander with the Oklahoma Highway Patrol. "A dirty needle's no deterrent. There's no fear of being arrested or going to prison for life. We've got teenage girls living with older drug dealers and having children by them. " Julio Mercado of the federal Drug Enforcement Administration's Dallas field division sees a problem that is sweeping the nation. "It's an easy product to make and very cheap," he said. "This is a big business." In Hawaii, more patients are admitted into state treatment programs for methamphetamine abuse than any other drug - including alcohol. Even in Utah, a state with a strong reputation for conservative values, methamphetamine has become common. Playing Catch-Up "This thing hit us with a ferocious bang," said DEA agent Don Mendrala, who is based in Salt Lake City. Part of the problem, he added, is that Utah seemed to many an unlikely area for a drug problem that exploded about two years ago - and law enforcement is "trying to play catch-up." In 1995, the Oklahoma Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Control Bureau reported raids on 34 labs producing methamphetamine. In 1997, it shut down 241 labs. "Marijuana is the summer problem, but methamphetamine is neck and neck," said Mark Woodward, a spokesman for the bureau. "Speed and weed, that's what we see most of." In Missouri, three labs were raided in 1992. By 1997, that number had grown to 459. Jim Ferguson, a substance abuse counselor in Lubbock, Texas, said that his area had a large number of meth users for many years, and that he had witnessed a "steady growth period." Ferguson said the low cost and relatively lengthy high that users could get from methamphetamine contributed to its popularity. "A lot of people in the lower middle-class tend to like it," he said. "They don't have the financial resources to get high continuously on cocaine." In December, in the largest assault on methamphetamine dealers to date, more than 100 suspects accused of being part of a distribution ring were arrested in Texas, in several Los Angeles suburbs and in North Carolina. Although much of the drug is manufactured in Mexico and smuggled into the United States, ingredients for crank can be found in any grocery store or pharmacy. Over-the-counter cold remedies and diet pills that contain ephedrine or pseudo-ephedrine can he easily transformed into methamphetamine. Local and federal officials are trying to combat the growing meth problem with laws designed to restrict the availability of chemicals and limit the purchase of over-the-counter drugs that can be used to make methaniphetanuine. Amendments to federal sentencing guidelines that significantly increased penalties for trafficking in methamphetamine and "precursor" chemicals, recommended by the U. S. Sentencing Commission, went into effect in November. Corporations and law enforcement agencies are working to reduce the availability of over-the-counter products that contain key methamphetamine ingredients. In April, WalMart and the DEA announced that the retail chain would restrict large-scale purchases of allergy, cold and diet pills that had been diverted to crank production. Warner-Lambert Co., which makes Sudafed nasal decongestant, is developing additives that will make it "difficult, if not impossible," to extract methamphetamine, said Jeff Baum, a company spokesman. Making methamphetamine creates toxic and volatile gases and chemicals so dangerous that drug agents often must wear breathing equipment and bio-hazard suits when raiding the illegal labs. A 3-year-old boy apparently was killed in September by toxic es from a lab in his mother's Phoenix apartment. Several would-be manufacturers have been killed in recent years. Environmental Damage The environment is another victim. Toxic chemicals in remote locations are simply dumped onto the ground or poured into creeks or rivers. "It's costing anywhere from $5,000 to $8,000 to clean up a lab, even the 'mom and pop' labs that produce a small quantity," said Mercado. Particularly worrisome to law enforcement is the violence that is often associated with the drug. Toxicology tests found a high level of methamphetamine in the bloodstream of Matthaeus Jaelinig, a white supremacist who killed a Denver police officer and then shot himself in November after a gun battle. Eric Starr Smith stabbed his 14-year-old son repeatedly and decapitated him in 1995 while under the influence of methamphetamine. Starr then threw the head out of his van along a New Mexico highway. His younger son later told investigators that his father had become agitated after running out of drugs. The Tucson area has seen an increase in sexual assaults of teenage victims by individuals under the influence of methamphetamine and experienced "a real surge in child abuse cases about a year and a half ago," said Deputy Pima County Attorney Kathleen Mayer. Shirley Armstead, an agent with the DEA's St. Louis office, said that the Midwest had seen a disturbing increase in domestic violence, and that meth was a factor. "In Iowa, violence related to methamphetamine just went through the ceiling," she said. In McAlester, Durant said crank-fueled violence and crime were threatening what he described as basically a good community. When he was young, he said, there might be a few drunks behind bars on any given weekend. Now, almost 3,000 prisoners pass through the county jail in a year. He has six deputies to patrol more than 1,450 square miles. He's trying a different approach. Every Tuesday evening, the sheriff has arranged for juvenile drug offenders to meet in a small classroom with young adult methamphetamine addicts from the jail. Most have only smoked marijuana, but a few admit to trying meth. Durant hopes that at least some of the youths will listen. "If you wait until they get on crank, only one in 10 has a chance of being rehabilitated," he said. `You never get off of it. The real answer to our crime problem is keeping them from ever getting on crank."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Laws Raising Inmate Numbers Force Debate On New Prisons ('Orange County Register' Says Californians Face A Day Of Reckoning - State's Prison Population Has Soared To 155,000 From 35,000 A Little More Than 15 Years Ago, It Costs $22,000 To Keep An Inmate Behind Bars For A Year, Four Times The Average Cost Of Public School Pupils, And New Prisons Cost $250 Million -. More Than 10,000 Additional Inmates Will Enter Prison In Each Of The Next Five Years, But There Is Room Now For Only About 20,000 More) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 22:37:49 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US CA: Laws Raising Inmate Numbers Force Debate On New Prisons Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk:John W.Black Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: Orange County Register Section: news / page 4 Contact:(email@example.com) Web:(http://www.ocregister.com) Author:Daniel M.Weintraub-Sacramento Bureau Chief Contact:(714)664-5050, Ext. 1499; E-mail(firstname.lastname@example.org) LAWS RAISING INMATE NUMBERS FORCE DEBATE ON NEW PRISONS Someone once asked Jesse James why he robbed banks. "Because," the outlaw supposedly replied, "that's where the money is." There will always be money in banks. But now, in California, the money also is in the guys who rob banks. And kill people. And steal cars, sell drugs, or break into houses. Crime and criminals are the state's growth industry, right up there with computers and biotechnology. California's prison population has soared to 155,000 from just 35,000 a little more than 15 years ago. And the lawbreakers keep coming. State legislators and voters clearly want to lock these people up. "Three strikes" puts away criminals convicted of a third felony for 25 years to life. Another new law - "10-20-life" - adds to the sentence of anyone who uses a gun in a crime. And violent criminals no longer can get their sentences cut in half by, as the governor says, folding shirts in the prison laundry. Paying the tab for this policy has not been as popular. It costs the taxpayers $22,000 to keep an inmate behind bars for a year - four times what we spend on the average public-school pupil. And a new prison new costs $250 million to build, about the same as a state-of-the-art major-league baseball park. So we have a problem. More than 10,000 additional inmates will pour into the prison system in each of the next five years. But we have room for only about 20,000 more. Once the prisons are full, sometime in 1999, a federal judge could force the state to release some of those inmates rather than house them in overcrowded conditions. To catch up, Gov. Pete Wilson wants to build four new prisons. That's the traditional approach. In a more provocative move, the governor also wants to hire private companies to lock up as believes, can be built more quickly and run more cheaply than state lockups. Which brings us back to the money. At least two private prison companies are ready to jump at Wilson's offer. One firm is so eager that it is preparing to build a central valley prison on spec - hoping that when it's done the state will want to use it. But not everyone likes the notion of prisons for profit - least of all the guards who work in them now and get a better deal from the state than they would from a private company. County sheriffs and their deputies, who run local jails, aren't wild about the idea, either. The sheriffs are backing a constitutional amendment that would stop state and local government from using private firms for public safety jobs. The measure, proposed by Sen. Bill Lockyer, a Democratic candidate for attorney general, is likely to gain the support of the powerful state prison guards union as well. If it clears the Legislature, it would go before voters in November. Lockyer's logic: Private companies aren't as accountable as government employees. Someone given a gun by the state, he says, ought not to be answering to a corporation's board of directors. "It seems to me that when the use of government force is contemplated in arresting people, incarcerating people, it's important in a democratic society that those powers be constrained by the electorate," Lockyer said. The private prison companies counter that the profit motive is a powerful incentive for accountability. If they screw up, they say, they would pay big-time, more than would some state bureaucrat in the chain of command when a public prison has a problem. It's a tough question that won't get any easier as the prisons fill and the state grows more desperate. But it's one that voters may soon have to answer.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Zero Tolerance Adds Up To Little Sense (Op-Ed In 'Orange County Register' By Business Ethics Professor Cites Recent Case Of Senior At Corona Del Mar High School In California To Make The Point That A Policy Of Automatically Expelling Students For Any Infraction Is Needlessly Broad, Intolerant, And Inhumane In Most Cases) Date: Tue, 17 Mar 1998 17:54:34 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: Zero Tolerance Adds Up To Little Sense Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Author: Tibor Machan - Mr Machan teaches business ethics at Chapman University and is an adviser to Freedom Communications, Inc., which publishes the Register. FREEDOM AT ISSUE Local high schools are looking for ways to curb and prevent crime, drug and alcohol use on campus. An increasingly popular weapon is a policy called "zero-tolerance," meaning any breach of a specific rule results in expulsion, suspension or transfer to another school. The policy approach made the headlines last month when a Corona del Mar senior was suspended after police found what could have been marijuana in a plastic bag in his car, during a traffic stop. Does the punishment fit the crime? Does it have the intended effect? Are there larger issues to consider regarding the public education system? *** ZERO TOLERANCE ADDS UP TO LITTLE SENSE Schools fight drugs and violence by overstepping their mandate A zero-tolerance policy for drugs, to put it plainly, makes zero sense as a general policy for schools. While it can do some good here and there, it is not a panacea and its establishment helps to highlight, in yet another instance, the trouble with public education. These policies, mostly involving drugs and weapons, are growing in popularity; school officials contend the approach reduces crime on campus as well as instances of drug or alcohol abuse. The typical punishment for an infraction is automatic expulsion, suspension or transfer to another school. The most recent example occurred at Corona del Mar High School, when senior Ryan Huntsman was caught by a police officer, off campus, with trace amounts of a substance purported to be marijuana in a plastic bag in the car's glove box. The officer cited Huntsman for playing his car stereo too loudly and sent a copy of the report to school officials. The Newport-Mesa Unified School District suspended Huntsman for five days and ordered him transferred to another school, under its zero-tolerance policy, the Register reported. Huntsman took the district to court and on March 3 an Orange County Superior Court Judge ordered the Newport-Mesa Unified School District to allow Huntsman to stay enrolled at Corona del Mar until a March 17 court hearing to determine whether the district acted properly when the student was suspended. Huntsman's lawyer based his argument on the fact the school should not have relied solely on the police report and the overriding issue was a denial of due process to Huntsman, not the zero tolerance policy. While the due process concern is a real one, the zero tolerance policy itself and its proliferation among public schools should be held up for close scrutiny. I would like to examine the issue on two levels - first, understanding the larger context of how Americans have come to view public education and then, the role of a policy such as zero tolerance within that context. I will seek to show that citizens come to accept such intrusive, even inhumane, policies as an outgrowth of how they have come to accept public education as the end-all answer to instruction. During its long history, the Register has been known to have little patience for public education. Many, even among friends and associates of the paper, have wondered, quietly or out loud, whether this stance isn't rather dogmatic, even simply dogged, given how well entrenched that institution is in our midst, how vital it seems to many who work in it. Most people are too used to the practice of government robbing Peter in order to help some cause of Paul, a cause they find appealing and thus the robbery seems to them kind of negligible or benign - as if the robber were some dying person in desperate need of water or food. Nor do most people seem to mind very much that they are being forced to send their children to schools over the operations of which they have hardly any say. Nor do folks want to think much about the fact that more personal involvement in the education of their children may be obligatory, instead of farming the matter out to politicians and bureaucrats and rarely thinking about how their kids are brought up as far as their knowledge of the world is concerned. Nor do most people realize that in the history of this country, even before its independence from England, public education was not a given. It became public policy mainly in order to resist the open admission policies of private schools. Yes, public education was born, in part, because local city fathers didn't much like having white kids going to school with blacks and native Americans. There is something remote for most folks about considering such matters, not to mention thinking about alternatives to state-run educational institutions. Similarly, for many Europeans the idea that telephone and broadcast services could be private seemed ridiculous a few years back, as it did for most of the people of the Soviet Union that farming and other industries could be left to private enterprise. So that is the larger picture. If those basic, general points don't cut much ice with folks, how about something as near to our front yards as setting drug policies for schools that treat everyone as if he or she were exactly like everyone else? That is what the zero-tolerance policy amounts to now being implemented in high schools across California, such as Corona del Mar High School, where students are prohibited to have on them even a trace of, for example, marijuana, even off campus where school officials would normally have no say as to how kids should behave themselves. Parents, in turn, have no choice as to the policy to be followed in the schools to which they send their children because there simply is no choice about schooling one's kids. They must go, it is the Law! And how about that ruling last week, about schools having to assign minority authors along with the authors of great literature - as this has come to be identified through the trial and error process of decades and decades of literary judgment? Why should such reading be imposed on all students? What does "minority" have to do with literary excellence, anyway? Maybe for some students such a reading assignment will be of benefit, very likely not for all. But the political management of education requires that every student be treated alike, so such policies are absurdly generalized. Here is where it may become clear to some that private schooling is a superior alternative for the education of their children: There can be diversity in the policies of private schools; not all must adhere to the dictates of the government and its often irrelevant regulations as far as education is concerned. It is in most cases pretty irresponsible for parents to tolerate drug use by their children. But whether drug abuse should impel them to pull their kids out of school should be, unless the child is becoming a menace to others, something for them to decide and not necessarily to be commandeered by school officials. Different schools might have different tolerance levels, suited to different children, families, neighborhoods and cultural traditions. In the case of the Corana del Mar student, Ryan Huntsman, there is a good deal of controversy about whether he even ingested marijuana, never even mind whether such a deed need disqualify him from attending school and making headway in his various educational endeavors. By following the practice of establishing universal policies in an area where attention to differences and nuances is absolutely necessary, our public school administrators are showing how misguided the institution of public education really is. They are demonstrating in this and many less notorious instances that state-run education fails to do what is perhaps most important in education, address the needs and aspirations of students as individual human beings who cannot be interchanged with others for administrative convenience or even some more noble purpose (e.g., "war" on drugs). Yes, it will seem to many that public education is simply a fixture of our society and it is pointless to argue with it, just try to make it work. But by its strong ties to the state, this institution renders improvement impossible in most cases (except where it goes against its very nature as a political entity). They will be like those who cannot think beyond their own experience to a better alternative, who are conservative in the worst sense of that term, stuck in the past not because the past often teaches us but because they refuse to use their creative intelligence. Zero-tolerance is needlessly broad, intolerant, inhumane policy in most cases. In some cases, of course, it may serve a needed purpose. It is its generalization to all students at all schools that makes zero sense.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drinking Beer Fights Cancer? - Researchers Say The Difference Is In The Hops ('Associated Press' Says Researchers At Oregon State University In Corvallis Believe A Compound In Hops Called Flavonoids Inhibit Cancer In Two Ways) Date: Tue, 17 Mar 1998 17:48:52 -0800 (PST) From: email@example.com (Darral Good) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: HOPS are a member of the cannabis family. Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org When FOX NEWS ran this story at 7 am they showed college kids at a party guzzling pitchers. SO MUCH FOR THE WAR ON SOME DRUGS! *** Drinking Beer Fights Cancer? Researchers Say The Difference Is In The Hops CORVALLIS, Or., Posted 12:20 p.m. March 15, 1998 -- Drink a beer and fight cancer? Bottles of Beer  Oregon State University researchers say there's something in hops that may help protect against cancer. Hops are used to flavor and preserve beer. Studies found that a compound in hops -- called flavonoids -- helped inhibit an enzyme that can activate the cancer process. In addition, some of the flavonoids gave a boost to another class of enzymes that can block cancer-causing substances that already have been activated. But the researchers warned against drinking more beer to ward off cancer. They say if their research pans out, there may be other ways to get the benefits, such as in a pill. Copyright 1998 by The Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Northwest Calendar Of Events (Washington Hemp Education Network Alerts Northwest Hempsters To Upcoming Events, Invites You To Submit Information About Other Events) From: "W.H.E.N."
To: "-Hemp Talk" Subject: HT: NW Calendar events? Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 19:04:47 -0800 Sender: email@example.com I'm trying to make a more valuable NW hemp activism event calendar. E-mail the pertinent info as far ahead of the event as possible. Only a few events are on it now. Can any of you add anything, or make corrections? Here's what's on it now. Thanks, Bob_Owen *** On Tuesday, April 21, 1998 a Hemp For Victory Forum in Seattle Here's what I've learned so far. It's o be called HEMP for VICTORY! It's at Seattle Unity Church, 200 Eighth Ave. North, Seattle, WA 98109. 7:00-9:30 p.m. Will show the original 1942 "Hemp for Victory" documentary. Speakers: Jeanne Kohl, Senator; David Edwards, M.D. W.H.E.N. Medical Director; Ken Friedman, Esq., Hemp Industry Assoc.; and Nora Callahan, Director November Coalition. W.H.E.N. Board member Magic Ferguson is arranging this event. E-mail her with questions. *** * On Saturday, May 2, 1998 a festival to benefit Seattle Hempfest This event will take place at the Rexville Grange in Skagit County, WA. For more information, e-mail Allison of WHEN. * On Monday, August 10, 1998 on the steps of the Legislative Building HEMP Education Day! We sure can use your help to produce a good show this year. WHEN has taken this over from Rainbow Valley. WHEN's Eve will be working on it this year. * On Sunday, August 23, 1998 is the Eighth (?) Annual Seattle Hempfest (estimated attendance 50,000+) at Myrtle Edwards Park If you are a NW Hempster (or want to spy), rain or shine attendance is simply a must.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marines Repairing Road, Image ('Dallas Morning News' Notes US Marines Are Back On The Rio Grande Near The Texas Border Community Where A Camouflaged Marine Killed A Teenage Goatherder Last Year - Hundreds Of Marines Are Now Trying To Carry Out A Public Relations Effort While Building A Road To Facilitate Illegal Drug Interdiction) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:57:00 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: US TX: Marines Repairing Road, Image Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Dallas Morning News Author: David LaGesse, The Dallas Morning News Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dallasnews.com MARINES REPAIRING ROAD, IMAGE Border Residents Wary After Teen's Death Despite Aid In War On Drugs CANDELARIA, Texas - The Marines have come to this little town on the Rio Grande to repair a local road - and their local image. It was just an hour's drive from here that a Marine last year fatally shot a teenager as he herded his family's goats. Now 200 troops have returned unarmed, save for the bulldozers and graders they'll use on the gravel road north of town. They've camped next to the town's school and flung up a giant Quonset hut the school can keep and that teachers hope to use as a cafeteria. The soldiers help in lessons and join the kids each morning in pledging allegiance to the flag. It's been a treat for the students, teachers say. "You should see how excited the kids get," said Johnny Chambers, head teacher in Candelaria. "They love to read their lessons to the Marines." But many residents eye the troops nervously. They resent that even remote Candelaria, once described as the end of a road to nowhere, can't escape the national angst about drugs and illegal immigration. "A lot of us came here to get away from everything, and now we feel like we've been invaded," said Janet Hinds, a secretary at Candelaria's school. "The drug war is changing the whole nature of the area." Feelings are running high along the Rio Grande, a small river that is more of an inconvenience to local residents than an international boundary. People share stores, mailboxes and even schools with friends and relatives across the border. Now the drug war has arrived in force, bringing fast change to an area that's used to little. A couple of hundred Marines can't help but create a fuss in a town with a two-room school and no store, and where most of the 60 residents come from a handful of families. About 500 Marines will work in the area, with about 200 present at any one time. They're part of a national effort by the Pentagon to support police fighting drug traffickers. They came at the invitation of the Border Patrol to rebuild a river road that snakes north of Candelaria but is almost impassable now. Their main adversary is a big piece of granite just north of town. The route becomes little more than a trail that disappears into mud alongside the bluff, where the river frequently floods. Planners now call it the Bi-National Friendship Road. One unit suggested dynamiting the bluff. That wasn't going to fly with the locals, said Maj. Ruben Garza, the project's chief planner. "We could've been blasting for months," he said with a smile. The Marines elected instead to cut two miles of new road around the back of the bluff, part of the rugged terrain of West Texas. Border agents say the road will help them guard an area long known for smuggling items from tequila to blue jeans and more recently cocaine and marijuana. The troops will open 42 miles of river road. Without the access, agents say they largely depend on catching smugglers and undocumented immigrants farther inland - as they approach U.S. 90, a hike of about 24 hours to the east. STIRRING UNEASE Marine officers say they know their presence stirs unease, particularly after the death last May of Esequiel Hernandez, an 18-year-old shot by a Marine on foot patrol near Redford. The incident focused attention on the Pentagon's border role. After the Redford shooting, policy-makers suspended the reconnaissance patrols and are expected to cancel them altogether. The military's biggest task was and remains construction, mostly roads and fences. The Pentagon also provides intelligence, air reconnaissance, transportation and training for anti-drug operations around the country. It's an appropriate mission for the military, said Brig. Gen. James J. Lovelace, commander of Joint Task Force 6 in El Paso. A former Army prison houses the 170-person command in the outlying desert of Fort Bliss, a sprawling base at the edge of El Paso. "I've got more requests for support than I have money to provide it," Gen. Lovelace said. "We have skills and resources that are unavailable elsewhere." Federal law prohibits soldiers from making arrests, so the military only works in tandem with civilian police agencies. The task force also doesn't initiate its operations along the border. A civilian council sifts through requests for task force help, which must relate to the drug fight. Military coordinators then find units willing to volunteer for the assignments, and the task force pays for what amounts to a training opportunity. FORMERLY POPULAR Before they were suspended because of the Redford shooting, the military's reconnaissance patrols were among its most popular operations. Undermanned Border Patrol units liked the help in watching miles of frontier. The Marfa sector, which includes Candelaria and Redford, covers 420 miles of the Rio Grande from the east side of Big Bend National Park nearly to El Paso. It works with 127 agents on three shifts. "We really can't cover much of the border," said Jerry Agan, the Border Patrol's deputy chief for the sector. "The military's always been a big player with us out here in the war on drugs." Four Marines patrolled near Redford last May at the request of the Border Patrol. Their leader shot Mr. Hernandez after the youth fired at the camouflaged soldiers, and was preparing to shoot again, the Marines said. Federal and state grand juries heard evidence and declined to file charges against the Marines. But a public outcry arose against the armed patrols. "There's still some sensitivity out there about Marines on the border," Mr. Agan said. So besides building a road, the Marines have a public affairs mission, he said. "We think they've done a great job." Some landowners on the route voiced initial concerns about the work. But planners say the project hasn't met the kind of opposition aimed at a similar road project near Laredo, which faces a suit filed by environmental and other groups. Presidio County residents raised questions at public hearings as well. "But nobody left the meetings with serious objections," said County Judge Jake Brisbin Jr. Nonetheless, it's a gamble - the risk of another incident vs. the value of a new road, he said. "I think it's a risk worth taking." BROAD BENEFITS The county gets a free road; the Border Patrol is paying for the materials; and the military is providing the manpower. Several Marine units, including reserves from Wisconsin and Minnesota, jumped at the chance to come to the sunshine of West Texas in the dead of winter. It's experience for engineering units that rarely get to practice their roadwork, said Maj. Don Lumpert, who's brought a team from Camp Pendleton in California. "We might get to fix some roads here and there on the base, but that's about it." The project isn't without its risks for the military. Troops at the Laredo project are building their road within sight of traffickers across the border. Drug agents learned of threats to open fire at the soldiers, raising security concerns there and upriver at Candelaria. Because the troops are unarmed, a couple of Border Patrol agents have joined what's called Camp Candelaria. The agents sleep in a large recreational vehicle seized from traffickers. Their presence alone makes some residents nervous. Most of the students at Candelaria's school are legal residents, but most of their mothers aren't, said Ms. Hinds, the school secretary. So far, the agents and Marines haven't bothered Mexicans who regularly cross the river to collect mail and shop at the store down the road, said Pilar Avila, 32. "We're not used to having agents here all the time," she said. "They usually come and go." Still, some locals bemoan the loss of isolation. Sitting at the end of a dead-end spur gained Candelaria a little notoriety. Texas Monthly magazine called it "The Road to Nowhere" in an ode last fall to its rugged beauty. The presence of troops has made everyone nervous about the future, said Jim Blumberg, an area rancher. That tension won't completely dissipate even after the soldiers leave, he said. "We'll get agents running up and down this road and then the tourists will discover it." That isn't entirely bad, said Mr. Brisbin, the county judge. The towns along the river were dying - Candelaria lost its cotton gin and then its only store years ago. "I bet it'll have a new store within a year," he said. "It'll be good to have cars traveling that road." (c) 1998 The Dallas Morning News
------------------------------------------------------------------- Task Force On Crime To Approve Crackdown On Gangs ('Milwaukee Journal Sentinel' Says The Youth Crime And Violence Task Force In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, On Monday Will Recommend Approval Of A Three-Year, $21 Million Effort To Crack Down On Violent Gangs And Drug Traffickers, Establish After-School Safe Havens And Expand Neighborhood Anti-Crime Activities) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:50:06 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US WI: Task Force On Crime To Approve Crackdown On Gangs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "Frank S. World" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI) Author: Georgia Pabst of the Journal Sentinel staff Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ Fax: (414) 224-8280 TASK FORCE ON CRIME TO APPROVE CRACKDOWN ON GANGS Milwaukee's Youth Crime and Violence Task Force on Monday will recommend approval of a three-year, $21 million effort to crack down on violent gangs and drug traffickers, establish after-school safe havens and expand neighborhood anti-crime activities. The recommendations are part of a report compiled by the task force, which includes representatives from government, business, law enforcement and community and school agencies and has been meeting since January. The report is to be presented at a task force meeting Monday. "This proposal represents a communitywide commitment to stop crime where it happens, and to keep our kids safe and out of trouble by keeping them off the streets and involved in educational activities," Sen. Herb Kohl (D-Wis.), who spearheaded the task force, said in a written statement. The task force recommendations are based on programs that already have succeeded in other cities, such as Boston, the report says. Murders in Boston have been reduced from 150 to 70 a year, with only one juvenile gunshot homicide in the past 2 1/2 years, under a similar, coordinated community approach. In Milwaukee, neighborhoods in the Weed & Seed program experienced a 47% reduction in violent felonies. The key to the successful programs was that they provided a "comprehensive, proactive, collaborative effort" to reduce violent crime and violence and create a more positive environment for children and teens, the report says. "The issue is not whether these strategies work. The issue is whether we as a community have the desire and will to commit the resources necessary to make this happen." The task force proposal would cost at least $7 million a year for three years and would include: Law enforcement initiatives: The report estimates an annual cost of $2.5 million. Milwaukee County already has received a $3 million federal High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area grant, which is renewable for two additional years. The grant, which recognizes that this is a principal center of drug distribution in Wisconsin, will provide the resources for a coalition of local, state and federal law enforcement agencies to target major drug dealers and violent gangs. Safe havens: Because national studies have shown that youths are most likely to get into trouble and commit crimes between 3 p.m. and 8:30 p.m., the report calls for a network of 50 safe havens to be established by September, at an estimated cost of $3.2 million a year. The safe havens would provide after-school and weekend educational, social and recreational activities for several thousand youths, in an effort to reduce crime, help students with school performance and seek to reduce the dropout rate. These havens would operate through a collaborative effort of Milwaukee Public Schools, the Boys and Girls Clubs, YMCA and other neighborhood agencies that serve youth. Anti-crime efforts: An estimated $1.3 million a year would be needed to establish and run an anti-crime network that would help neighborhoods organize and work closely with law enforcement and the safe havens to fight crime and promote safety. Milwaukee's Social Development Commission, which would undertake the anti-crime activities, already has received a $650,000 grant from the state, which would be used to hire 12 neighborhood organizers. The report also recommends promoting the healthy development of at-risk youth and families through substance-abuse prevention and treatment, gang diversion, violence prevention and family violence prevention programs. "Twenty-one million dollars over three years may sound like a lot of money, but the cost of not implementing these recommendations will be far, far greater," U.S. Attorney Thomas P. Schneider said in a written statement. It's hoped that some of the needed funds will come from state and federal sources. For example, Gov. Tommy Thompson has included $2.5 million for safe havens in his proposed budget, Schneider said. President Clinton also has called for funding for after-school programs. But the report also makes it clear that "without significant private sector support these recommendations simply cannot be implemented." Robert H. Milbourne, president of the Greater Milwaukee Committee, said the work of the task force and its recommendations were exciting and showed a comprehensive attack on the problem of violence. "The business community will play a major role in the implementation of these recommendations," he said in a written statement. In addition to Kohl, other members of Wisconsin's congressional delegation expressed support for the recommendations. "I would rather have kids shooting basketballs than shooting each other, or pushing computer keys, rather than drugs," said Rep. Tom Barrett (D-Milwaukee).
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gore Crusades Against Tobacco ('Standard-Times' Says Vice President Al Gore Told A Boston Rally Packed With Children And Politicians That 'If You Tried To Outlaw The Whole Industry, You'd Have A Horrible Law Enforcement Problem' - But Apparently It Doesn't Signal A Shift In Administration Policy Toward Marijuana) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 22:37:49 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US MA: Gore Crusades Against Tobacco Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Sun., 15 Mar. 1998 Source: Standard-Times (MA) Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com Author: David Howland, Associated Press writer Note: Please mail any comments to Newsroom@S-T.com GORE CRUSADES AGAINST TOBACCO BOSTON -- Basking in cheers of approval yesterday, Vice President Al Gore talked tough about the dangers of tobacco at a rally packed with children and politicians. But after he asked his young audience for ways to snuff out smoking, Gore rejected the first idea tossed out. "Why don't you close all the tobacco factories and farms?" asked 11-year-old Jose Negroni. After a pause, Gore answered: "You can't do that." He said it would be akin to Prohibition, the government's failed effort to enforce a ban on alcohol in the 1920s and '30s. "There are so many adults who are addicted," Gore told a packed gymnasium at Boston's McCormack Middle School. "If you tried to outlaw the whole industry, you'd have a horrible law enforcement problem." Nonetheless, Gore said strides are being made in the fight against the tobacco industry and efforts to prevent young people from smoking. He said Massachusetts' tobacco tax and anti-tobacco advertisements should serve as a model for a national program. "We're looking at the success you've had in this state and using your ideas as a blueprint to see how we can get this kind of success in the country as a whole," Gore said. Since 1993, Massachusetts has raised millions of dollars from a 25-cent tax on cigarettes to fund anti-tobacco education programs and advertisements to get people to quit. The state is also suing the tobacco industry. Gore used the rally -- one of several he has held around the country -- to repeat the Clinton administration's call for a law that would reduce youth smoking, give authority to the Food and Drug Administration to regulate tobacco and also protect tobacco farmers. Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., who attended the rally, has sponsored a bill that would impose a $1.50 tax on cigarettes and raise between $17 billion and $20 billion dollars a year to spend on child care and education. Flanked by former Food and Drug Administration chief David Kessler and Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala, Gore told students that the tobacco industry needs young people to sell their products to. "The way they figured out how to replace those customers they're killing off is to entice children to start smoking," he said. Gore's motorcade was delayed for a few minutes on the way to the school from Logan International Airport when two police motorcycles in his entourage collided at the mouth of the Ted Williams Tunnel. State police Sgt. Barbara Bennett said both officers suffered minor injuries in the accident, which was caused in part by icy pavement. Before the rally, state Sen. Lois Pines, D-Newton, recalled filing the state's first anti-tobacco legislation after she was elected as a representative in 1973. The measure failed. "I've gotten a lot of people angry at me," she said. "But now it's 25 years later, and I think I was right." Gore was scheduled to attend Democratic fund-raisers in Boston last night and this morning before flying to New York.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Nice Guys Finish Dead - A Review Of 'Twilight On The Line' ('New York Times Book Review' Describes 'Twilight On The Line - Underworlds And Politics At The US-Mexican Border,' By Sebastian Rotella, As A Vivid Study Of Immigration, Crime And Graft) Date: Fri, 24 Apr 1998 15:36:38 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: Peter Webster
Subject: ART: NICE GUYS FINISH DEAD Newshawk: Peter Webster Source: New York Times Book Review Pubdate: March 15 1998 Author: Richard Rayner New York Times Book Review, March 15 1998 NICE GUYS FINISH DEAD a review of: TWILIGHT ON THE LINE Underworlds and Politics at the U.S.-Mexican Border. By Sebastian Rotella. 320 pp. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. $25. By Richard Rayner EARLY in this vivid study of immigration, crime and graft at the Mexican border, Sebastian Rotella makes the point that the headlong growth in the l990's of the drug trade in Mexico, and in Baja California in particular, was spurred by an American success story. When the Drug Enforcement Administration blocked Florida as the prime highway for cocaine, the Colombian cartels responded by expanding their partnership with some of their old friends in Mexico, who offered not only a network already established through their traditional traffic in heroin and marijuana, but a long and vulnerable land border with the United States. The Mexican drug barons began receiving payment in cocaine instead of cash, and the Colombians were forced to cede sales turf in Texas, along the East Coast and especially in California itself. "Soon the Mexican mafias were supplying 70 percent of the cocaine consumed- yearly in the United States," Rotella writes, "were earning between $10 billion and $30 billion a year in profits and, according to a study by the University of Guadalajara, were spending $500 million a year exclusively on the bribery of public officials in Mexico. That figure was roughly double the entire budget of the Mexican federal attorney general's office and federal police." There, in brute outline, is the ecology of an illegal marketplace that at times has turned a country's entire social order into an- absurd theater of murder: "The state police, in league with drug lords, were accused of killing a federal commander in a shootout. An assassin had killed the presidential candidate, whose own campaign guards were suspected in the assassination. The federal police, in league with drug lords, were suspected of killing the city police chief. The federal police had arrested the deputy state attorney general and charged him with corruption." Yes, there are men honest and true in Mexico, but they tend not to' live very long. Nice guys finish not last, but dead. Rotella, the Los Angeles Times bureau chief for Latin America, reprises in detail two of the more famous cases, the assassination of presidential front-runner Luis Donaldo Colosio in March 1994, and the surreal and furious firefight that left a Roman Catholic cardinal bleeding his life away at the Guadalajara airport in May 1993, a crime for which a group of San Diego homeboys, in way over their heads, became the fall guys. The leader of that group, David Barr6n Corona---a trusted associate of Ramon Arellano FeLix, one of two brothers who control the Tijuana cartel, whose life he saved in a gunfight in a Puerto Vallarta disco---was killed only a few weeks ago, not by the the strong arm of justice but accidentally by one of his own crew during an attempted hit on a Tijuana journalist. This is a world that uncannily resembles an American gangster movie because, to some extent, it imitates one. Al Pacino's white-suited Tony Montana, the hero of Oliver Stone's remake of "Scarface," is a role model to many of these guys, a poster on the bedroom wall, an icon along with others that Rotella lists here: the AK-47, the HarleyDavidson and the Virgin of Guadalupe (the patron saint of Mexico, but so popular in California, the joke goes, that they've given her a green card). Rotella delves into some less familiar material. Hodin Gutierrez Rico---a special prosecutor appointed to investigate the assassinatit)n of Federico Benitez, the inexperienced, crusading, honest and therefore short-lived Tijuana director of public safety---tells Rotella he's fighting three enernies: the state police, the federal police and the criminals. It would be Monty Python were it not so tragic. Gutierrez returns home one night with his wife and daughter, and his investigations are brought to an abrupt and familiar close: "There were four of them; apparently they were ordered to physically destroy their victim, not just to murder him. They fired more than 120 rounds with automatic rifles. Then they climbed into a van and ran over the corpse, mangling it in the street beneath the wheels." Rotella offers no prescriptions. It's not clear that there are any in a country where violent fact far outstrips the grossest fiction and the truth is as elusive as one of those desirable black Chevrolet Suburbans that tend to get stolen in San Diego for use in murders south of the border, after which they are dumped back in El Norte. There's even a ranchera song engagingly titled "The Suburban of Death," the equivalent of gangsta rap: "The Suburban of Death is what they call it everywhere / And Customs and soldiers can't stop it / When the federales see it, they better beware." In Mexico the political system has been subverted as well as corrupted. That happened not only because organized crime has the support of politicians but because, as the political scientist Jorge Castafieda observed, the former President of Mexico, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, "refused to substitute the old ways with new, democratic ones," and the Mexicans "are faced with the worst of all possible worlds: the old system in place but out of sync and no new system around to keep things rolling." Mexico's current desperate fight is against becoming what he calls "a narcocracy." Intertwined with all this is the struggle of emigrants who wish to leave a bad place and go to a better one---the always seductive America, which continues to need and demand their cheap services, whether as fruit pickers-, day laborers, gardeners, busboys or even as the teen-age or preteen prostitutes who still haunt Balboa Park in downtown San Diego. Rotella accurately observes that while the Border Patrol in the United States has been to some extent successful in stemming the flow of illegals at some of the easiest and most-used entry points, like Imperial Beach or Smuggler's Canyon near San Diego, the effect has been to push would-be border-crossers farther east, where the terrain is much more difficult to negotiate and where they fall into the arms of organized criminals who offer better, and more expensive, facilities for the journey. The consequences of tHis will play out in the years to come. Tecate, not long ago a small border town, is already transforming itself into a new Tijuana. THE border is big and strange news these days, and while Rotella has an occasional tendency to write as if he's working up a head of steam for the bad Hemingway competition ("Hunt, an Air Force veteran of Irish-Portuguese descent, had a Rhode Island accent, the build of a linebacker, and the mustache of a genial walrusi'), he brings its story alive with dense and concrete detail. His Aast and most extraordinary chapter, "The Little Village of Alberto Duarte," paints a picture of life in the Baja California state penitentiary in Tijuana. It is "a penal institution invented jointly by Dickens, Kafka and Garcia Marquez," where inmates live with their wives and children. That is an odd but pragmatic arrangement, and it works until, almost inevitably, the liberal prison governor, Alberto Duarte, is murdered by two heroin-high former inmates, one of whom then falls asleep at the scene Rotella describes the border as a "magical place.'? I guess it can be. He also makes a convincing case that it's a hellish one.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mexico's Military Purchases From US Soar - Report ('Reuters' Says 'La Jornada' Newspaper Has Quoted Official US Government Documents Showing That US Military Sales To Mexico Increased More Than 500 Percent In One Year, From $4.8 Million In 1996 To $28 Million In 1997 - Though Colombia And Venezuela Still Buy More) Date: Tue, 17 Mar 1998 15:55:25 EST Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Anti-Prohibition Lg
To: Multiple recipients of list Subject: Reuters, Mex's Military Purchases from U.S. Soar Mexico's military purchases from U.S. soar -report MEXICO CITY, March 15 (Reuters) - Mexico's military purchases from the United States increased sharply in 1997, along with procurement from private sources, La Jornada newspaper reported on Sunday. Citing official U.S. government documents, La Jornada said U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) to Mexico rose to $28 million in 1997 from $4.8 million the year before. The Mexican Defense Ministry had no comment on the report. La Jornada said U.S. officials had no details of the military supplies sold last year, but in 1996 the shopping list included mainly communications equipment, trucks and aircraft parts. The purchases placed Mexico third behind Colombia and Venezuela in terms of Latin American buyers of military supplies from Washington, the paper said. The newspaper said State Department officials had also confirmed that sales of military supplies to Mexico by private companies totaled at least $12 million last year. In addition to commercial trade, the Mexican army acquired 73 helicopters and is expected to receive considerable amounts of machine gun ammunition this year under a U.S. program to hand excess equipment over to its allies. Experts say the Mexican army has grown quickly in size and power since President Ernesto Zedillo took office in December 1994, leading the fight against everything from drug trafficking to guerrillas and common crime. Spending on the military doubled between 1995 and 1998.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sanctimonious Pot Smokers (Letter To Editor Of 'Victoria Times' In British Columbia Says Heroin Users And Other 'Social Outcasts' Should Have Rights, Too) Date: Mon, 16 Mar 1998 13:19:42 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: Canada: PUB LTE: (no title) Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Alan Randell Pubdate: March 15, 1998 Source: Victoria Times Colonist (B.C.) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Daniel Tourigny's letter Feb. 27 would have been a wonderful letter if only Tourigny had not implied that Ian Hunter, proprietor of the Sacred Herb store, should be supported all the more because he is "one of the vast majority of pot smokers who aren't social outcasts who end up dying in a gutter from a heroin overdose." My 19-year-old son died in 1993 after ingesting street heroin. Why should we not support the right of "social outcasts" to safe, clean, legal heroin? I get so weary of those sanctimonious pot smokers sometimes. Alan Randell
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bumper Pot Crops Keep 'Green Team' Busy ('Calgary Herald' Notes That Ninety Percent Of Busts For Indoor Marijuana Cultivation Are Due To Informers - Recent Canadian Legislation Allows Police To Seize Money And Other 'Gains,' Which Courts Can Forfeit To Provincial 'Crime Prevention' Campaigns Upon Conviction) From: Debbie Harper3
To: mattalk Cc: MAP Subject: More "HIT Team" Date: Sunday, March 15, 1998 12:44 PM Calgary Herald email@example.com CRIME AND COMMUNITIES PUB DATE: Mar.15,1998 (A6) Bumper pot crops keep "Green Team" busy Sasha Naghy - Calgary Herald The property room of the Calgary Police Service is filled with the overwhelming smell of marijuana. Three large garbage bags sit on a table overflowing with the proceeds of a home grown industry that is sprouting across Calgary. The odor is a sign that in the war against drugs, Calgary police have scored a hit. Drug detectives know, however that there's always another harvest coming from Calgary's underground marijuana economy. The recent discovery of marijuana, with a street value of more than $560,000, at a Whitehorn area home in the northeast illustrates the difficulty police have in tracking drug growing operations. They exist in neighbourhoods like yours and mine. It could be happening next door, or down the street. Think your community is immune to the problem? Think again. "They are all over the place, that's the reality", says Staff Sgt. Mike Cullen of the police drug unit. "Rentals. Owners. It doesn't matter." Police rely on tips from the public to help expose marijuana growing operations, says Det. Jeff Plimmer. Ninety percent of drug busts come from tips. Some are turncoats, people who know there are drugs on the inside. But more often it is neighbors who feel something illegal is going on. Plimmer says there are some sure signs that you may be living next to a marijuana merchant. He advises: - Look for the electricity meter in the back to be altered, which is a sign that the grower is bypassing electricity to power the operation; -Look for heavy condensation on windows; -Look for basement windows to be covered up at all times; -Look to see if the home doesn't look lived in, yet there's no end of visitors. "You just never know what your neighbours are doing", says Primmer. A house owner should be extra vigilant to avoid renting to potential marijuana growers, adds Cullen. "Aside from the damage they do, drilling through the basement to bypass the meter, they cause tremendous structural damage to the home from the constant heavy humidity used to grow the plants." The drug unit's goal is to make a large dent in the marijuana trade in Calgary by seizing $10 million worth of the illegal drug this year. But street hardened cops suggest that even $10 million is probably a drop in the bucket. Recent federal Proceeds of Crime legislation has provided police with a new tool in the fight. The new law allows police to seize - and the courts to order forfeit upon conviction - money and other gains from criminal enterprises. The money recovered from the homes goes to the province, and is destined for crime prevention, not enforcement. It's a sore point among members of the marijuana police- that they don't have more bodies to shut down the growers. "We need two-to-three times the manpower to handle the number of complaints we get now, let alone generate our own leads," says Primmer. The Green Team is made of two Calgary Police officers and two Mounties. The team receives more than 400 tips a year. If you have a concern about a home in your neighbourhood, call Calgary police at 266-1234, or the drug unit at 268-8388 or through Crimestoppers at 262-8477.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabis Campaign - Two Out Of Three New MPs Favour Drugs Law Review (Britain's 'Independent On Sunday' Continues Its Weekly Push For Reform Of Marijuana Laws With An Article About A New Survey Of Members Of Parliament, Which Found Only 31 Per Cent Of The 243 MPs Who Make Up The New 1997 Intake - Average Age 43 - Were Against A Royal Commission To Review The Current Drugs Laws While 65 Per Cent Said They Were In Favour) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 08:42:36 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: UK: Cannabis Campaign: Two Out Of Three New Mps Favour Drugs Law Review Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: Independent on Sunday Author: Graham Ball Contact: Email: email@example.com Mail: Independent on Sunday, 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DL England Editors note: The IoS Cannabis Campaign has web pages at http://www.independent.co.uk/sindypot/index.htm TWO OUT OF THREE NEW MPs FAVOUR DRUGS LAW REVIEW Two-thirds of new MPs are in favour of setting up a Royal Commission to look into Britain's existing drugs laws, according to a survey out today. The same study reveals that more than one in five of those elected to Westminster for the first time last May have used an illegal drug. In a further revelation from the new intake, Conservative MP, David Prior, the son of the former Northern Ireland Secretary James, now Lord Prior, has openly admitted to smoking cannabis. Mr Prior, the MP for North Norfolk, writing exclusively for the Independent on Sunday, today says: "You can wear a pin-stripe suit, be utterly conventional and still roll a joint. And, yes, I did inhale. The present law is clearly no longer being consistently enforced and is widely ignored, reflecting a typically British dislike of hypocrisy, dishonesty and humbug." According to the new figures, only 31 per cent of the 243 MPs who make up the new 1997 intake - average age 43 - were against a Royal Commission to review the current drugs laws while 65 per cent said they were in favour. The survey of MPs' attitudes towards drugs was carried out by London Weekend Television for the Jonathan Dimbleby programme ,which is broadcasting a debate on Britain's drug laws at lunchtime today. The MPs were told their responses to the survey could be kept anonymous to ensure that they were as frank as possible about personal drug use. Some, including Mr Prior, boldly opted to waive their anonymity. In addition to the 22.5 per cent of the "class of 97" admitting to illicit personal drug use , 64 per cent confirmed that they have friends or associates who had used illegal drugs. On the question of the present cannabis laws, 51 per cent say they are too harsh and only 1 per cent said they were too soft. Established Labour MP Paul Flynn, who is campaigning for a change in the law controlling cannabis welcomed the survey. "This is splendid news and very surprising. In effect it means that the current prohibitionist policies against cannabis in this country are doomed," he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabis Campaign - The Tory And The Toke (Op-Ed In Britain's 'Independent On Sunday' By David Prior, The Conservative MP For North Norfolk, Who Admits To Having Inhaled And Wonders Why The Practice Is Still Illegal) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 08:36:57 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: UK: Cannabis Campaign: OPED: The Tory And The Toke Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: Independent on Sunday Author: David Prior, MP, North Norfolk Contact: email@example.com THE TORY AND THE TOKE The Conservative MP for North Norfolk has enjoyed a joint or two in his time - and wonders why the practice is still illegal. By DAVID PRIOR I associate my experience with drugs (soft ones) not with Mick Jagger or Aldous Huxley but with passing my law degree and working in a bank. You can wear a pin-stripe suit, be utterly conventional, and still roll a joint. And Yes, I did inhale. But that was a long time ago. I stopped sometime in my late 20s and took up alcohol instead. It has always seemed rather odd to me that you can have an abortion virtually on demand (and that does raise a moral issue); smoke as many cigarettes a day as you like, knowing that they will probably kill you slowly; get drunk regularly and also kill yourself slowly, and possibly others in a car accident; have heterosexual sex and no doubt soon homosexual sex with anyone over the age of 16; but you can't smoke a joint. This is not just odd. It is also hypocritical and dishonest. It is interesting to note that in 1993 52 per cent of drug offenders were cautioned by the police, while only 5 per cent were cautioned in 1983. It would seem a certain amount of de facto decriminalisation has already taken place. The present law is clearly no longer being consistently enforced and is widely ignored, reflecting a typically British dislike of hypocrisy, dishonesty and humbug. So why the taboo? Why is intelligent discussion about the subject off limits? I suspect it is the connection in people's minds between soft drugs and hard drugs, especially heroin and crack. You picture your daughter as a wretched junkie, clutching a dirty syringe, exploited by a violent, criminal pusher. End of discussion. I don't believe, however, that the connection is a valid one. In my own experience, soft drugs did not lead to hard drugs. But it is true that the same criminal dealer will supply both - he is the connection. The dealer starts supplying you with cannabis, and gradually leads you on to something worse, something more addictive. His livelihood depends upon your addiction. At the moment, drugs are controlled by criminals. That should frighten every parent in Britain at least as much as the drugs themselves. Poor little five-year-old Dillon Hull didn't die from taking drugs - he was shot because his step-father sold drugs and was caught up in the criminal culture that surrounds them. So if your daughter or granddaughter is on drugs of any kind, you are right to be worried because not only is she a criminal but she may well be meeting a very clever, rich, violent and persuasive dealer with a huge interest in securing her addiction. And, there is no quality control in this unregulated market. No guarantee that what she buys won't be impure or adulterated, and what she uses won't be consumed by insanitary methods. The crime surrounding drugs should not be underestimated. Worldwide, the illicit drugs trade generates revenues estimated at some £240bn and has some 400 million users. Its tentacles stretch even into a place like rural north Norfolk where well over half of all property-related crime is drug related. Overall, the Home Office estimates that £2bn worth of property is stolen annually by drug-users. The drugs trade would appear to be out of control and beyond the powers even of a super power like the US. This is despite the appointment of a Drugs Czar and a crackdown on drugs which has resulted in over 60 per cent of federal prison inmates being inside for violating drugs laws. Illegal drugs criminalise neighbourhoods, corrupt criminal justice systems and some Third World governments, infect many schools and finance gangsterism and organised crime. It is similar but worse than Prohibition - because the stakes are higher and the trade is global. And the hidden costs are enormous. The police, Customs and Excise and the court systems are overwhelmed by the consequences of illegal drugs. Would it not be better to channel some of these resources into rehabilitation and education about drugs? I am not part of any campaign to legalise or even decriminalise drugs, be they hard or soft. I don't know the arguments well enough to come to a firm decision, especially those relating to the effect of drugs on physical and mental health. I suspect that the decriminalisation of cannabis would not materially increase consumption, and my gut feeling is that the gains from bringing it within the control of the law might well outweigh the disadvantages. Certainly, there is evidence from Holland and parts of the US to support that view. My judgement would be a pragmatic one; it would not be philosophical or moral. The shifting sands between John Stuart Mill and those who see the state as the protector and arbiter of morality provide for an interesting debate but no clear answer. My view would be based on what is best, not what is right in some abstract libertarian sense. It would accept the reality that drugs are with us for keeps and we can't wish them away. We should not underestimate the problems posed by drugs for a democracy like ours. An authoritarian approach such as that imposed by the old Soviet Union or some Middle Eastern countries is not available to us. Nor is a libertarian approach legalising all drugs and accepting a likely rise in heroin addiction going to be easily acceptable to the public. But we can at least have an open debate and bring an end to a taboo that has so clearly failed. Closing our eyes in the hope that an evil will go away is really not good enough. That is why I am in favour of a royal commission to look at all the issues in a detached, informed and objective way.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Tory MP Calls For Cannabis Reform ('BBC News Online' Version) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 18:35:32 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: UK: Wire: Tory MP Calls For Cannabis Reform Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: BBC News Online TORY MP CALLS FOR CANNABIS REFORM A Conservative MP has admitted that he smoked cannabis as a young man and a new survey suggests he is not the only politician to have done so. David Prior, the son of former Cabinet minister James (now Lord) Prior, said: "Yes, I did inhale". Writing in the Independent on Sunday, which has been campaigning for the legalisation of the drug, the North Norfolk MP said the current law was "hypocritical and dishonest". He wrote: "I associate my experience with drugs (soft ones) not with Mick Jagger or Aldous Huxley but with passing my law degree and working in a bank. "But that was a long time ago. I stopped some time in my late 20s and took up alcohol instead." Mr Prior said he wanted to see a royal commission set up to review the law in a "detached, informed and objective way". The Prime Minister Tony Blair and the Home Secretary Jack Straw - the latter whose teenage son was cautioned for cannabis possession in January - are both staunch opponents of legalisation. Mr Straw told BBC Radio 4's The World This Weekend that the experience of other countries was that legalisation did not work: it was greatly disruptive of society. He said it was valid to differentiate between "so-called soft drugs" such as cannabis and hard drugs such as cocaine, which did much more damage. But there was a risk of escalating drug use. The government would study carefully the results of existing Parliamentary and police inquiries into drug use, he said. However, the results of a survey suggest that most of the new crop of MPs are more sympathetic to Mr Prior's position. Of the 243 MPs elected for the first time last year, 22.5% told researchers for the Jonathan Dimbleby programme on ITV that they had tried illegal drugs. Slightly more than half the MPs, who almost all answered on condition of anonymity, thought the current law was too harsh. The idea of a royal commission was supported by 64%. The newspaper quoted Labour MP Paul Flynn, who is campaigning for a change in the law, hailing the survey's results as "splendid news and very surprising." "In effect it means that the current prohibitionist policies in this country are doomed," he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabis Campaign - The March (Britain's 'Independent On Sunday' Provides More Details About The March 28 Public Rally In The Heart Of London The Newspaper Is Sponsoring In Support Of Marijuana Decriminalisation - Volunteers Needed) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 08:24:45 -0500 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: UK: Cannabis Campaign: The March Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 Source: Independent on Sunday Contact: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Mail: Independent on Sunday, 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DL England Editors note: The IoS Cannabis Campaign has web pages at http://www.independent.co.uk/sindypot/index.htm THE MARCH There has been a surge of support for the Independent on Sunday Decriminalise Cannabis Campaign march. A delegation from the European Parliament, together with 200 supporters, has pledged to join the march, which starts in Hyde Park at midday on Saturday 28 March and finishes with a rally at Hyde Park. The response from closer to home has been just as encouraging, with coach parties organised from as far afield as Liverpool, Hull, Manchester, the West Country, South Wales and East Anglia. But we still need your help. We want volunteers to act as stewards or supervisors on the day. If you are able to fill this important role your duties will be principally concerned with ensuring crowd safety. Stewards will liaise with march organisers and help direct the flow of people away from traffic while at the same time ensuring that campaigners keep to the approved route through central London. If you can act as a steward or if you plan to bring a group and want advice on coach-parking or access for the disabled, please contact Debbie Ellis or Chris Brown on the Cannabis March line 0181 964-2692, or fax, 0181-964-2701. Or alternatively you can access our web site at www.independent.co.uk of the routine work such as internal post has now gone out to agency and an outsider could be responsible.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Alcohol Key To War On Drugs (The General Counsel To The White House Office Of National Drug Control Policy Writes A Letter To 'The Sunday Times' Saying Britain Can Learn From America's Zero Tolerance Approach) Date: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 13:50:06 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: UK: PUB LTE: Alcohol Key To War On Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" Source: Sunday Times (UK) Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Sun, 15 Mar 1998 ALCOHOL KEY TO WAR ON DRUGS YOU are correct in calling for a drugs policy of zero tolerance. Keith Hellawell's plan correctly targets youth and the criminal justice system (Editorial and News, last week). As you said, not withstanding politically correct disbelief, drug use in the United States is down. The use of drugs by American youth fell dramatically between 1979 and 1992 and recent data reveals the increase that began in 1992 has ebbed. The key is clear and consistent messages about the reality of drug use, including alcohol and tobacco, from educational, legal and medical communities. Hellawell's efforts to reduce youth drug use will be thwarted unless the Blair government is also willing to boldly attack underage alcohol use. Research establishes that young people experiment with alcohol and drugs together. The United States still has a chronic drug-use problem. Recent British data, collected regionally, show significant increases in the use of heroin and other dangerous drugs as well. Worse news is that these users are getting younger. The criminal justice system cannot be the exclusive way to reach this population, however. Addiction can only be brought down by a sustained community based approach centred on aggressive intervention and treatment programmes. Edward Jurith Atlantic Fellow in Public Policy, Manchester University (General Counsel to the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Illegal Weed, Heals Body And Soul? (Transcript Of CNN World Report On Marijuana As A Medicine In The Netherlands - Until Last Year, The Government Tolerated The Sale Of Marijuana In Pharmacies) Date: Tue, 24 Mar 1998 19:02:39 -0500 From: "R. Lake"
Subject: MN: CNN World Report: Illegal Weed, Heals Body and Soul? To: DrugSense News Service Organization: The Media Awareness Project of DrugSense Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: http://www.rxmarihuana.com/ Source: CNN World Report Aired: March 15, 1998 - 2:03 p.m. ET ILLEGAL WEED, HEALS BODY AND SOUL? RALPH WENGE, CNN ANCHOR: In most of the developed world, medicine is based on scientific proof, or physiology, anatomy, and biology. Treatments that involve the spiritual or ancient tradition instead of science or frequently called "alternative medicine." But in many places, these so-called alternative treatments are standards medical practice. In fact, four out of five people around the globe have access to nothing but traditional medicine. Traditional healers come in many forms from witch doctors to acupuncturists. One thing they seem to have in common is an interest in healing the soul, as well as the body. This week we're taking a special look at how medicine is practiced throughout the world. And we begin in Europe where some physicians are investigating the health benefits of a drug that is illegal in most countries. Radio Netherlands Television reports. (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) ARIANE GREEP, RADIO NETHERLANDS TELEVISION (voice-over): For years marijuana can be bought in many soft drug coffee shops all over Holland. Although it is by law forbidden to sell the soft drug, the government tolerates it. It is however illegal to grow the weed on Dutch soil. For many people, marijuana is not just a soft drug used for pleasure. For instance, people suffering from the severe chronic illness multiple sclerosis say they benefit tremendously by smoking marijuana to ease the terrible pain. Forty-six-year-old Peter Boonman is one of those people. Nine years ago doctors found out he had progressive multiple sclerosis, a disease which will slowly make him an invalid. Severe pains are part of this chronic disease. Two and a half years ago he started smoking marijuana. PETER BOONMAN, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS PATIENT: Marijuana is very important. It keeps me alive. It keeps me -- it gives me energy. It gives me strength. It gives -- it keeps me going on. Otherwise, I couldn't go on. My legs are warm. I can eat. I feel fine in my body. I have no spasms any more. I get strength and energy. GREEP: it's for you -- it's the ultimate medicine? BOONMAM: For me, it is ultimate medicine. GREEP: Up until last year, the government also tolerated the sale of marijuana in pharmacies. This year it is forbidden. Now a new synthetic drug will come on the market in Holland with supposedly the same qualities as marijuana. MARK HAGENZIEKER, PHARMACIST: Marinol is a product which contains one chemical substance which is the THC, a product which comes from the marijuana plant and that can be used as a pharmaceutical product. BOONMAN: The big industry is putting Marinol on the market. So they want to keep making their money. And they don't make money on marijuana. Because how you ask patent on the marijuana? You can't ask patent on the marijuana. So they against it. GREEP: In Holland, research has now started on the effect of marijuana on people with MS, cancer, and AIDS. For Peter Boonmam, the answer is already evident. BOONMAN: The solution is legalize marijuana as a medicine. GREEP: For Radio Netherlands Television, for CNN WORLD REPORT. (END VIDEOTAPE) (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) MICHAEL MORRIS, SWISS TV-SRI (voice-over): Canibus, a plant which can grow practically anywhere, even in Switzerland. But the crop contains THC, a highly controversial substance. Since an operation on his spinal cord, Swiss lawyer Ruedi Prerost is plagued by cramps and pains in his legs. Although conventional medication of his relief, there's a side effect -- tiredness. After Ruedi Prerost accepted a joint from a visiting friend in hospital, the spasms in his legs disappeared. (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) RUEDI PREROST, PATIENT (through translator): That's why I asked my neurologist if I could have the substance in its pure form and take the smallest dose possible as a medication. MORRIS: As part of his study at the Neurological Clinic at Zurich University, Ruedi Prerost is given THC under medical supervision. How were the results? Head of the study, Professor Volker Henn. PROF. VOLKER HENN, ZURICH UNIVERSITY: Positive because with this particular patient, there was a clear sign of a positive effect on his physical symptoms, by painful muscular contractions using a small enough dose to avoid any psychogenic side effects. MORRIS: But the study also showed that in many other cases, a higher dosage of THC was needed producing a psychogenic effect many patients perceived as negative. The medicinal value of canibus has been known for over 5,000 years. In China, it was used against asthma, in India against headaches and cramps, to treat malaria and menstrual problems in Southeast Asia, in Africa against Anthrax and depression, and in the Caribbean to fight off tuberculosis. Although nowadays in the United States, synthetic THC is given to patients in exceptional cases, here in Switzerland, anyone putting crumbs of hashish into yogurt is still acting against the law. In this case, it's being taken by a man suffering from multiple sclerosis to ease uncontrollable spasms. But canibus can also be smoked. Does that mean people with spastic problems should light up? HENN: People should certainly not all start smoking joints. Because there are very effective drugs on the market which ease painful spasms. THC offers a further option in treating spastic conditions. But the gap between relieving and producing unwanted side effects is much too narrow. MORRIS: So even after 5,000 years, the CAMPODE plant remains steeped in mystery. This is Michael Morris of Swiss Television and Swiss Radio International for CNN WORLD REPORT. (END VIDEOTAPE) (c) 1997 Cable News Network, Inc. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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