Portland NORML News - Wednesday, April 8, 1998

Warrant Needed To Scan Home With Imager, Court Rules
('San Diego Union Tribune' Notes Ruling On Thermal Or Infrared Searches
By Ninth US Circuit Court Of Appeals In A Case From Florence, Oregon,
Would Vacate The Defendant's 1992 Guilty Plea, Allowing Him To Avoid Prison,
Unless US Supreme Court Takes Up The Issue)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Warrant needed to scan home with imager, court rules
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 16:43:36 -0700
Lines: 44
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Tom Murlowski 
Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA)
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998


SAN FRANCISCO -- Federal agents need a warrant before scanning a home with
a thermal imager, which is supposed to detect heat from indoor drug labs
but also may be able to peek into bedrooms, the federal appeals court for
nine Western states ruled yesterday.

As technology improves, heat-sensitive scanners are being developed "which
are increasingly able to reveal the intimacies that we have heretofore
trusted take place in private," said the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
in a case from coastal Oregon.

The court noted that an advertising brochure for the device used in this
case touted its ability to distinguish between heat levels emitted by an
animal and a person from 1,500 feet away in complete darkness. A government
witness said an imager could detect people through curtains near a window.
A defense lawyer said the device could pick up general outlines of objects
through walls.

Other federal appeals courts, however, have ruled that thermal imagers
merely measure the heat given off by the outside of a home and can be used
by police without a warrant. Some state courts have agreed, but courts in
California, Washington and Montana have required search warrants, said
Kenneth Lerner, lawyer for defendant Danny Lee Kyllo.

With the courts divided, "I think the Supreme Court has got to wrestle with
how you evaluate technology that can intrude into people's homes," Lerner

Government lawyers were unavailable for comment.

Kyllo, of Florence, Ore., pleaded guilty in 1992 to manufacturing marijuana
after a federal judge upheld a search of his home, based on a warrant that
was obtained after officers used a thermal imager to scan the home. He was
sentenced to five years and three months in prison but has remained free
during his appeal, Lerner said.

Copyright 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co.

Ninth Circuit Tosses Pot Conviction Case ('San Francisco Chronicle' Version
Says The Florence, Oregon, Defendant Will Still Have To Go Through A Retrial
In Portland - Thermal Imaging Device Was Originally Borrowed By Cop
From Oregon National Guard, Illustrating One Way The Military Is Used
To Enforce Civil Laws In Oregon)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Ninth Circuit Tosses Pot Conviction Case
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 16:53:49 -0700
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Page: A24
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Author: Bill Wallace, Chronicle Staff Writer
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998


Heat detection device ruled illegal

A federal agent who used a heat detection device to gather evidence against
an alleged Oregon marijuana grower violated the suspect's constitutional
right against unreasonable searches, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
ruled yesterday.

In a split ruling, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco
threw out the conviction of Danny Kyllo, an Oregonian who was arrested in
1992 for cultivating and distributing marijuana. In a move almost certain
to be appealed further, the court ordered Kyllo's case sent back to U.S.
District Court in Portland for a new trial.

Kyllo was arrested in 1992 after an investigator for the federal Bureau of
Land Management searched his home, which revealed marijuana, drug
paraphernalia and weapons.

According to court files, the agent obtained a warrant to search the
residence after surveying it from a distance with a high-tech
thermal-imaging device he had borrowed from the Oregon National Guard.

The gadget detected high levels of heat radiating from parts of Kyllo's
home, and the agent cited the results in his request for a warrant, arguing
that the heat was produced by high-intensity lights frequently used by pot
cultivators to covertly grow the plants indoors.

Kyllo appealed his conviction, arguing that the use of the thermal-imaging
equipment was an intrusive surveillance method that violated his Fourth
Amendment right against unreasonable government search and seizure.

Based on earlier appellate cases involving the issue, Kyllo's appeal was
rejected by the U.S. District Court in Oregon. But in its split decision
yesterday, a Ninth Circuit panel consisting of Judges John T. Noonan,
Michael Daly and Robert R. Merhige, Jr., ruled that Kyllo's objection to
the device had merit.

Writing for the majority, Judge Merhige said the device was capable of
detecting such minor household activities as using a shower, taking a bath
or operating household appliances, and that the constitution prohibited the
government from monitoring private activities in such detail without a
court-authorized search warrant.

``Even the routine and trivial activities conducted in our homes are
sufficiently `intimate' to give rise to Fourth Amendment violation if
observed by law enforcement without a warrant,'' Merhige wrote.

In a dissenting opinion, Judge Hawkins argued that the agent who used the
detection gear had not entered Kyllo's home or violated his constitutional

``The thermal-imaging device employed here intruded into nothing,'' Hawkins
said. ``The use of thermal-imaging technology does not constitute a search
under contemporary Fourth Amendment standards.''

1998 San Francisco Chronicle

Urban Pulse - 'H' Is For Hawthorne ('Willamette Week' In Portland
Notes Some Merchants Along Portland's Gentrified Southeast Hawthorne
Boulevard Are Finding Heroin Prohibition Is Making Their Lives
Increasingly Scary And Difficult - As A Consequence, The Young,
Poor And Homeless Face More Suspicion, Hostility)
Hawthorne Boulevard panhandlers
Willamette Week
822 SW 10th Ave.
Portland, OR 97205
Tel. (503) 243-2122
Fax (503) 243-1115
Letters to the Editor:
Mark Zusman - mzusman@wweek.com
Web: http://www.wweek.com/

April 8, 1998


Jerry Shover, owner of Gold Door Antiques & Art at 1434 SE 37th Ave., says
last month's Starbucks heroin overdose is part of a "heroin epidemic."

Panhandling is legal in Portland. Aggressive panhandling, such as blocking
someone's path or refusing to take no for an answer, is illegal.

Several Hawthorne merchants have posted flyers discouraging shoppers from
giving money to panhandlers.


Urban Pulse - 'H' Is For Hawthorne
Hawthorne Boulevard view
* A heroin overdose and gunpoint stickup
have Southeast merchants feeling
uncharitable toward panhandlers.


Laura is an unlikely poster child for the
perceived crime wave on Southeast
Hawthorne Boulevard. A rag-doll
panhandler who looks like a lost Manson
family teen-ager, Laura was a daily fixture at the
corner of Hawthorne and Southeast 38th Avenue this
winter. From her perch outside the Bank of America,
she'd flash a melancholy smile and sad bright eyes,
asking strangers for money.

Panhandling is nothing new in the bustling Hawthorne District.
Nonetheless, Laura, 23 going on 40, has unnerved local

Store owners like Greg Klaus, owner of Greg's at 3737 SE
Hawthorne Blvd., say Laura is part of a new wave of
panhandlers that has brought heroin and crime to a street that is
better known for handmade fettuccine and poetry readings.

Concerns peaked last month after a homeless man died of a
heroin overdose in the bathroom of Starbucks. According to a
police report, 46-year-old John Ellis Whitefoot disappeared into
the coffeeshop's bathroom at approximately 4:45 pm on March
2. Fifteen minutes later Starbucks staffers found him dead, a
needle and cook lid resting on the toilet.

For business owners on the busy shopping strip, the death
wasn't so much a wake-up call as the confirmation of a
creeping feeling that all is not groovy. In November, employees
at Oasis Pizza were forced to lie on the floor at gunpoint during
a drug-related robbery. Today rumors of two heroin deaths at
the Daily Grind health-food store are making the rounds of
Hawthorne-area shopkeepers (police deny the deaths). This is
all very new for a neighborhood where crime is generally
relegated to the mystery section of the local Powell's.

Last week a group of Hawthorne shopkeepers met to discuss
beefing up private security. On March 28 they started selling
$2 coupons for meals at the Sisters of the Road Cafe--a
low-cost eatery catering to the homeless--which customers can
purchase and give to panhandlers instead of money. In
addition, merchants say, they've contacted the police.
Merchants say that last week, two new bicycle officers arrived
and have been more active about discouraging aggressive
panhandling. Police say the new officers are part of a routine
spring patrol.

"The panhandling has become intense in the last two to three
months," says Daniel McDermott, co-owner of Sorel Vintages
Ltd. at 3713 SE Hawthorne Blvd. "It was like someone put
word out on the Internet that Hawthorne is a good place to

Julien Sorel, McDermott's business partner, says the store has
experienced a recent "mass of undesirables" and an "increase in
shoplifting." He says he has taken to watching people who
come into the store--"checking pupils."

Merchants say they've witnessed Laura doing drug deals on

"One day I saw the gal get in a nice car with guys in business
suits and then get out one block later," says Klaus. "What's not
right about that picture?"

Laura says she's not dealing drugs. She says she and her
boyfriend, Andrew Phillips, lost their jobs as janitors at OMSI
several months ago and have been living on the street ever

Officer John Kuechler of the neighborhood response team says
the perception of drug dealing on Hawthorne is greater than the
reality. He says Phillips has been arrested once for possession
of a small amount of cocaine, but the couple is not dealing. "If
you're out there panhandling, you're not dealing heroin,"
Kuechler says.

Laura says the shopkeepers' accusations of drug dealing are
just an excuse to get rid of her. If so, they've succeeded. Last
week, she and Andrew set up shop in downtown Portland.

--Ruth Rowland contributed to this report.


[Portland NORML notes - The "OMSI" referred to in the preceding story
is the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, once a major attraction
in Portland for kids and families that is gradually losing its various
sources of public funding and slowly fading away because of society's
shifting priorities, particularly the war on some drugs and the prisons and
other law-enforcement costs that result.]

Deputies Find Drugs Sewn Into Boxer Shorts ('Associated Press'
Doesn't Explain Why The Union County Jail Inmate In La Grande, Oregon,
Didn't Just Buy His Methamphetamine From Guards Like Everyone Else -
Since The Jail Is Located Between La Grande Middle School
And Eastern Oregon University, The Inmate Was Also Charged With Delivery
Of A Controlled Substance Within 1,000 Feet Of A School)

From: "W.H.E.N." 
To: "-news" 
Subject: OR Deputies find drugs sewn into boxer shorts
Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 18:42:46 -0700

Deputies find drugs sewn into boxer shorts
The Associated Press
04/08/98 4:40 PM Eastern

LA GRANDE, Ore. (AP) -- Sheriff's deputies seized boxer shorts sent to a
Union County jail inmate and found drugs sewn into a wide front seam.

Deputies intercepted underwear that arrived in the mail Tuesday afternoon
for inmate Glen Wayne O'Brien, 21, who was being held pending trial on
robbery and assault charges.

Methamphetamine had been sewn into them, Sheriff Steve Oliver said.

"We had information it was coming in," he said.

Deputies still are investigating who may have sent the drugs. The package
was mailed from the La Grande Post Office, just five blocks from the jail.

Oliver said O'Brien faces new drug possession, delivery and conspiracy
charges, as well as a charge of supplying contraband.

Because the jail is located between La Grande Middle School and Eastern
Oregon University, he also was charged with delivery of a controlled
substance within 1,000 feet of a school, Oliver said.

Don't Bar A Pain Killer OKd By Voters (Op-Ed By San Francisco Mayor
Willie Brown In 'Los Angeles Times' Says Elected Representatives
Should Work To Find A Middle Ground Between Local Discretion
And Federal Supremacy So Californians With Life-Threatening Diseases
Can Continue To Receive Medical Marijuana)

From: enadelmann@sorosny.org
Date: Wed, 08 Apr 98 20:35:35 EST
Subject: San Francisco Mayor Wille Brown Op-ed on Med Marijuana
Sender: owner-tlc-cannabis@soros.org

The following op-ed, by San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown, ran in
today's Los Angeles Times. It provides a valuable perspective on the
current struggle in California.


Los Angeles Times

Wednesday, April 8, 1998

Don't Bar a Pain Killer OKd by Voters

Marijuana: U.S. action would deprive sufferers of
AIDS, cancer and other illnesses of a beneficial


For San Francisco resident Dixie Romagno, something as simple
as taking a shower or climbing stairs can make her double over
in excruciating pain.

Dixie is in her 20th year of chronic multiple sclerosis. To
alleviate the agonizing bone pain, spasms and spinal cord problems
that wrack her body, this 46-year-old grandmother of two uses
marijuana. Five million Californians backed her right to do so
when they approved a 1996 ballot measure that allows the use of
marijuana for people who suffer from AIDS, cancer and other
serious illnesses.

In San Francisco, we've worked hard to honor that right by
making marijuana obtainable through a dispensary clinic that
operates with the cooperation of local authorities. But now the
federal government wants to take away that right. In January, the
Justice Department filed a civil suit to shut down six medical
marijuana dispensaries in Northern California, including the San
Francisco Marijuana Cultivators Club, which Dixie, along with
8,000 other ailing Californians, depend on for their medicine.
The Justice Department views the suit as a simple case of
state law tangling with the supremacy of federal law. "The issue
is not the medical use of marijuana," U.S. Atty. Michael Yamaguchi
has said. "It's about the persistent violation of federal law."

But as mayor of a city that has seen more than its share of
people suffering and dying from AIDS, I know that's not the end of
the issue. The debate over medical marijuana is, above all else,
about compassion for people in pain.

Enforcing a law for its own sake can still cause unintended
harm to innocent persons. The closure of cannabis patient clubs
would force individuals like Dixie to suffer needless agony. Many
will be compelled to buy their medicine from the streets. This
would endanger their lives and place undue burden on local law
enforcement whose time would be better spent pursuing real
criminals, not desperate patients.

In San Francisco and in cities across the state, local health
and police officials have worked with medical marijuana
dispensaries to ensure that they operate in the spirit of the law.
Controls have been encouraged and implemented to guard against
abuse, including the use of standardized medical forms from
doctors and photo identification cards certifying legitimate

The current system isn't perfect. But until marijuana is
approved by the Federal Drug Administration as a prescription
drug, California's medical marijuana dispensaries are a viable
medical alternative. Many of the tens of thousands of patients who
use marijuana do so often as a last resort when all other
prescribed medicines have failed, or produce side effects that
cancel out their benefits. Most of them can't cultivate their own
marijuana; that's why they rely on the clubs.

Rather than censure this public health crisis with a lawsuit,
the Justice Department should urge the Clinton administration to
work with local and state governments to implement a plan for
distributing medical marijuana that complies with both federal and
state law and that puts the needs of patients first.

The California Senate is reviewing a bill to establish a task
force that would research and make recommendations about the safe
and affordable distribution of marijuana to patients in medical
need. In December, the White House Office of National Drug Control
Policy is expected to release the results of a study that will
report on marijuana's medical effectiveness. These initiatives are
promising, but the process will take time.

In the interim, the federal government should impose a
moratorium on enforcement of marijuana laws that interfere with
the locally regulated operation of cannabis patient clubs and
allow patients access to their medicine.

Californians with life-threatening diseases shouldn't have to
suffer while their elected representatives work to find a middle
ground between local discretion and federal supremacy.

Willie L. Brown Jr. Is the Mayor of San Francisco

Santa Cruz CBC Closed (Press Release From Scott Imler
Of The Los Angeles Cannabis Buyers Club Says The Santa Cruz
Cannabis Buyers' Club Is Closed Permanently - Internal Conflicts
And Nervous Doctors Cited)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 14:30:30 EDT
Originator: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: Scott Imler 
To: Multiple recipients of list 
Subject: Santa Cruz CBC CLOSED

Press Release
April 8, 1998
For More Information Call: 408-429-8819

Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club Closes For Good
Internal Conflicts and Nervous Doctors Cited

The Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club is closed permanently.

The primary reason cited for the club's closure was that one of the
employees ran off with the patient list and the marijuana supply to open
his own program, leaving 74 year-old club director Fred Seike with a $7,000
debt and no way to pay the rent or bills.

Additionally, as a result of federal legal action to close the
Santa Cruz club and five others in Northern California, the local medical
community has become increasingly reluctant to write and verify medical
marijuana recommendations, which has made it all but impossible to
ascertain the legitimacy of patients' exemptions under Proposition 215.

Seike, who has been in failing health over the past year due to a
stroke, relinquished control of day to day management responsibilities last
October and said he will move out of the Maple Street facility as soon as
he can find another place to live.

"We tried our best," said Seike. "I have no regrets, other than
being done in by people who we thought were our friends."

Patients wishing to pick up their medical documentation may do so
between now and May 1st. Please call ahead, 408-429-8819, to arrange a


Let me cut right to the chase here. This is a great example of why medical
marijuana needs to be made prescriptively available and why CBCs which rely
on black-market sources are not a viable longterm solution to the access
problem. Greedy dealers have their hands in patients' pockets and intend
to keep them there at all costs.

The truth of the Santa Cruz disaster is that one employee conspired with
the supplier to manufacture an artificial supply crisis in order to effect
a hostile takeover of a vulnerable CBC. The renegade employee's first
demand was that Fred get out in ten days or they would cut off the supply
to the patients. When Fred, to his credit, resisted delivering the club
to the control of a for profit pot dealer, they took the patient list and
opened shop a few blocks away.

Goddess mother hemp plant, indeed. RESCHEDULE NOW!


Scott Imler

GOP Senate Hopeful Slams Clinton, Boxer - Darrell Issa Criticizes Stand
On Drugs ('San Francisco Chronicle' Notes The Conservative Republican
Candidate For The US Senate, A Multimillionaire
Who Is Putting Up His Own Money For The Primary Race,
Forayed Into Northern California To Speak At A Lunch Meeting
Of The Comstock Club In San Francisco)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 17:16:05 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: GOP Senate Hopeful Slams Clinton, Boxer
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998
Author: John Wildermuth, Chronicle Political Writer


Darrell Issa criticizes stand on drugs

America's long-running war on drugs is one that President Clinton and other
Democratic politicians aren't willing to win, Republican Senate candidate
Darrell Issa said yesterday in one of his first campaign forays into
Northern California. At a lunchtime meeting of the Comstock Club, the San
Diego-area businessman slammed ``moral defeatists'' who say that the
country can't stop the flow of drugs across its borders and that adults
should be allowed to decide what they put into their bodies.

``The Clinton administration's policy of neglect sent a not-so-subtle
message to America's youth that drug use is no big deal,'' Issa said. ``If
America's president winks at drug use, we should not be surprised to find
more teens using drugs.''

Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer, who Issa will challenge if he wins his
party's primary in June, also took come lumps.

Boxer has called for pulling money away from drug interdiction programs at
the border and voted against a federal death penalty for large-scale drug
dealers, Issa said.

``Tragically, it seems Barbara Boxer is more concerned with saving dolphins
from Mexican fisherman than with saving our children from drug cartels,''
he said.

But the supporting information Issa's staff supplied with his speech
suggested that the attack on Boxer was overstated.

While Boxer in the past has called for reducing the amount of the money now
being spent for anti-drug efforts at the border, she has wanted those funds
to be shifted to drug abuse prevention and treatment programs in an effort
to dry up the demand for narcotics.

Issa also said there is a need for effective drug prevention programs,
although the efforts he suggested have had only limited effectiveness in
the past.

``Stopping the supply (of drugs) will be . . . impossible unless we also
reduce the demand for drugs here in America,'' he said.

Those methods include building anti-drug coalitions in local communities,
working on a national media campaign to let children know that drug use is
``dangerous, illegal and wrong,'' and combining stiff prison sentences for
drug dealers with tough, intensive treatment programs for users, Issa said.

``Strong families and vigorous institutions of civil society are the most
effective defenses against the drug culture,'' Issa said. ``By instilling
in our children the moral virtues that will inoculate them against
seduction by the drug culture, we will ultimately rid ourselves of the drug

It wasn't only Democrats that were lectured by Issa yesterday. He said the
Republican congressional leadership should be ashamed of their support for
a $217 billion transportation bill filled with special highway construction
goodies for legislators across the nation.

``Over $30 billion of that bill is not only pork, but re-election pieces of
pork (legislators) can take back to their districts,'' he said.

Issa, a multimillionaire who is putting up his own money for his primary
race, also called for lower taxes, especially on wealthy Americans,
``although I won't qualify as rich by the end of this campaign,'' he joked.

America's tax policy is designed to use class envy as an excuse for
sticking it to the rich, Issa said.

``Is it fair to say the rich should pay a bigger share of (the nation's)
support?'' he asked. ``That argument has been devisive since the income tax
came in, when it was used to stick it to the Rockefellers and the

Issa quickly ducked one controversial local issue when he declined to say
whether he supported construction of the Auburn Dam, a decades-long bone of
contention between environmentalists and state water interests.

``I'm not going to get involved in the internal politics of California,''
he said.

1998 San Francisco Chronicle

Supporter's Cannabis Pitch Fails To Take Root With Council
('San Diego Union Tribune' Guide For Hempsters
On How Not To Lobby Local Government Officials)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Supporter's cannabis pitch fails to take root with council
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 16:51:31 -0700
Lines: 52
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Tom Murlowski 
Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA)
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Anthony Millican STAFF WRITER


Dion Markgraaff's idea went up in smoke as quickly as it was presented to
the San Diego City Council yesterday.

In the span of three minutes, Markgraaff demanded that council members
declare a state of emergency, come up with a policy on helping sick people
who need medical marijuana and, well, that they get a load from his

Markgraaff passed out T-shirts and newspapers promoting cannabis. He handed
over hemp oil. Then, he produced a bag of hemp seeds.

Befuddled city clerks thought the bag contained plain old marijuana.
Police arrived. The pseudo-pot was confiscated.

As it turned out, the seeds had been sterilized and can't grow, which makes
them legal. Council members did not take action on Markgraaff's requests.

Hemp, which grows wild throughout the world, is a type of cannabis plant
that is used to make rope, paper and other products. It has little of the
intoxicating substance found in more potent types of marijuana.

Markgraaff is free on bail awaiting trial in one of the county's first
tests of voter-approved Proposition 215, the medical marijuana measure. He
addressed the council during the public comment portion of yesterday's
council meeting.

Even seen-it-all council observers couldn't recall a similar episode.

Markgraaff, 28, an SDSU political science and history graduate, says he was
just trying to "plant the seed of a little bit of knowledge."

An indignant Councilman Juan Vargas left his seat, grabbed one of the
T-shirts and handed it back to Markgraaff in the audience.

"I won't be needing this," Vargas told him.

"Well, then do your job," Markgraaff shot back.

It's a good thing the seeds didn't spill onto the carpet, quipped City
Clerk Chuck Abdelnour. The carpet is so bad, the seeds might have taken
root there.

Copyright 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co.

Jail Inmates Use Meditation To Overcome Anger, Cravings
('San Diego Union Tribune' Says Petty Criminals, Alcoholics And Drug Addicts
At Seattle's North Rehabilitation Facility Sit Silently In A Dark Room
For 10 Hours A Day Engaged In Vipassana, 'The Marine Corps Of Meditation')

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US WA: Jail inmates use meditation to overcome anger, cravings
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 16:41:39 -0700
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Tom Murlowski 
Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA)
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: David Foster ASSOCIATED PRESS



At Seattle's North Rehabilitation Facility, petty criminals, alcoholics and
drug addicts sit silently in a dark room for 10 hours a day, hoping to
bring inner peace to their messed-up lives.

For these dropouts of 12-step programs and halfway houses, it's worth a try.

"What else do I have to lose?" asked Rose Clinton, 31, one of seven women
who volunteered this month for the jail's second Vipassana course.

She has had two crack-addicted babies, one of whom died, and has lost count
of the times she has been in jail for drug dealing, prostitution, robbery
and assault.

Her forehead bears a jagged scar from a bottle hurled by an angry drug
dealer. Welts on her wrists remain from the day in 1992 when they took her
third baby away and she tried to slash her wrists with a broken crack pipe.

For most of Clinton's adult life, introspection has been limited to the
desperate, daily calculus of an addict: "You think about where your next
hit's gonna come from, or who you're gonna beat for some money."

For 10 days ended March 7, Clinton pursued purer thoughts. Waking at 4 a.m.
to the sound of a gong, she spent hours in "noble silence," sitting on a
cushion, her eyes closed, a blanket wrapped around her.

With help from a Vipassana instructor, she and her fellow students learned
to observe their breathing and other bodily sensations. They learned to
feel an itch and not scratch it, and they saw at least the possibility of
doing the same with the anger and craving that have ruled their lives.

"We call it mental boot camp," said jail administrator Lucia Meijer, who
authorized the program last fall after being persuaded to attend a 10-day
Vipassana course herself. Her first impression, as she struggled to hold a
meditation position for an hour, was that "these people must be sadists."

No magic, no pills

Later, she decided Vipassana meditation has the potential for building
inmates' self-discipline and insight.

"It's not a magic trick or a pill," Meijer said. "It's hard, conscious
effort. It teaches them how to control themselves, how to go inside and
deal with what's there."

Meditation comes in many forms, from the contemplations of Christian and
Buddhist monks to the secular Transcendental Meditation.

Vipassana is considered the Marine Corps of meditation. As taught today by
Indian teacher S.N. Goenka, it claims a direct lineage to techniques
practiced 2,500 years ago by Buddha.

Its nonsectarian approach welcomes students of any religious belief. But
its rigors put off most people: Of the 4,000 students who take courses each
year at the four Vipassana centers in the United States, only an estimated
10 percent embrace it permanently.

Adherents believe they have found a captive, eager audience in jails and
prisons -- if only they can convince skeptical jailers.

Even at Seattle's North Rehabilitation Facility, a minimum-security jail
with a reputation for innovation and a focus on treating chemical
dependency, the Vipassana program is a major disruption.

Prisoners separated

The students must be housed in a separate wing. Instructors and assistants
insist on living at the jail during the course. The kitchen must prepare
special vegetarian meals. Loudspeakers must be disconnected. Everyone who
works with the students, including guards, must be graduates of a 10-day
Vipassana course.

In the program's favor: It's free. All Vipassana courses are run by

It's too soon to tell how well the Seattle program keeps inmates on the
virtuous path after their release. But jail officials say behavior changes
were striking after the first course in November, which graduated 11 men.

Everyone mentions Ernest, a huge, menacing ghetto warrior who spoke in
grunts before the Vipassana course. Afterward, he was hugging everybody and
declaring that love is the answer.

Richard Jimerson, whose alcohol-related crimes have bounced him in and out
of jail for years, has attended two more Vipassana courses and volunteered
to help at three since his release from jail in December.

A year ago, Jimerson was "sad, lost, a waste," said Stephanie Maxwell, a
vocational specialist at the jail. Now, she said, he is "focused, honest,

Jimerson, 31, put it this way: "The rattling in my brain got put to sleep."

Seven started, seven finished

Vivian Snyder, instructor for the women's Vipassana course, said her inmate
students were more chatty than those on the outside. But they were typical
in other ways: They fell asleep in the first days. They threatened to quit.
They thought they were being brainwashed. They were wracked by headaches
and nausea.

Lila Bowechop, 33, said one side of her face went numb -- the same feeling
she used to get after alcoholic binges -- and she thought she might die.

In the end, though, they rallied. Seven women started and seven finished,
an improvement over the men's course, which lost six students.

"They worked harder than any group I've seen," Snyder said. "They didn't
spend a lot of time on philosophical debates. They know they're suffering."

On the seventh day, rage boiled up within Clinton. It was a stew of old
pains and regrets, made all the more maddening because she thought she had
dealt with them long ago. She cursed. She cried. She knew she'd have to

And then the anger passed. Like an itch.

Clinton hopes to keep meditating on the outside. She hopes to get a high
school equivalency diploma. She'll settle for avoiding behavior of the sort
that put her away most recently: stabbing a woman with a screwdriver and a

"Now I know I don't have to get that mad," Clinton said. "I know there's a
way I can come out of that anger."

Copyright 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co.

Hemp.Net Presents - The Hemp Calendar (URL For Activist Event Listings
Maintained By Washington State Cannabis-Law Reformers)

Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 15:59:58 -0700 (PDT)
From: Ben 
Reply-To: Ben 
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: Hemp.Net Presents: The Hemp Calendar
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

April 8, 1998


In an effort to make event information more accessible to the plethora of
dedicated online activists, drug policy reform supporters, legislators,
DEA agents, non-active potheads and those NSA agents who are tapping your
line and decyphering your encrypted IP packets, Hemp.Net proudly presents
The Hemp Calendar, an online listing of activist events.

The Hemp Calendar is a free service that provides a one page listing for
your event, complete with title, date, time, location, description,
contact information and links to your contact email and/or web page. Are
you a technophobe without the slightest clue about HTML? Just fill out our
addition form and a page will be generated for your event. If you didn't
have a web page, you will now. If you did have a web page, it will have a
link to it.

The Hemp Calendar can be found at http://www.hemp.net/calendar/. Please
help the drug policy reform community by adding your event and passing
this information on to friends, associates and interested parties. Any
questions, comments or random mumblings should be directed to Ben
Livingston (ben@hemp.net).

A few thanks go out to the workhorses at the November Coalition, the
techno-savvy email newshawks at the Media Awareness Project, all of our
awesome activists in Washington who put aside differences to fight for a
common cause, everyone's hero Ralph Seeley, and all of the activists
throughout the world who are doing something, no matter how simple or
complex, to end the drug war.

Arrest Warrant Issued For Hornets Guard Vernon Maxwell ('Associated Press'
Notes A Texas Court Has Issued A Warrant For Basketball Player Vernon Maxwell
After The US Supreme Court Refused To Hear His Appeal Of A Sentence
For A 1995 Marijuana Possession Conviction)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US TX: Arrest warrant issued for Hornets guard Vernon Maxwell
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 15:57:20 -0700
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998


HOUSTON (AP) -- Charlotte Hornets guard Vernon Maxwell faces an arrest
warrant, following the rejection of the former Houston Rockets star's
appeal of a 1995 marijuana possession conviction.

County Court-at-Law Judge Don Jackson issued the warrant Tuesday in
response to a request by the Harris County district attorney's office.

"They urged me to issue the warrant and showed me where the appeals in
the case had been finished," Jackson said.

Jackson said he has not yet received a formal notice that Maxwell's
appeal of his sentence to the U.S. Supreme Court had failed, but
prosecutors had. The Supreme Court refused in late February to hear
Maxwell's appeal, which was based on ineffective assistance of counsel.

If Maxwell doesn't surrender in Charlotte or Houston, the Harris
County sheriff's department will ask authorities in North Carolina to
arrest the player. A deputy would then be sent to bring him back to

Maxwell's attorney, State Rep. Ron Wilson, did not return calls seeking
comment Tuesday, the Houston Chronicle reported today.

House Votes To Approve $600,000 To Combat Use Of Meth In Iowa
('Des Moines Register' Says The Iowa House Of Representatives Voted Tuesday
To Spend Some $350,000 Next Year On Programs To Educate The Public,
Especially Schoolchildren, And $236,000 For The Iowa Department
Of Public Safety To Make Undercover Drug Buys And Reward Informants)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 21:38:05 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US IA: House Votes to Approve $600,000 to Combat Use of Meth in Iowa
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Carl E. Olsen" 
Source: Des Moines Register
Contact: letters@news.dmreg.com
Website: http://www.dmregister.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998
Author: Jonathan Roos - Register Staff Writer; Jonathan Roos can be reached
at (515) 284-8443 or roosj@news.dmreg.com.


The Iowa House voted Tuesday to spend nearly $600,000 on new efforts to
combat methamphetamine.

Some $350,000 would be spent in the next budget year on programs to educate
the public, especially schoolchildren, about the dangers of the highly
addictive drug. An additional $236,000 would be allocated to the Iowa
Department of Public Safety for undercover drug buys and for a proposed
reward fund for informants.

The anti-meth provisions were inserted in a health and human rights budget
bill, which the House approved on an 88-7 vote and returned to the Senate
for more debate.

A separate bill moving through the Legislature provides for stiffer
penalties for repeat offenders of drug possession laws, enforcement of
mandatory minimum sentences for meth dealers and new law enforcement tools
to nab drug-using motorists.

State lawmakers this session have reacted with alarm to the explosive
growth of meth use in Iowa and heavy trafficking in the drug. Both
Republicans and Democrats have offered anti-meth plans.

In the House, Democrats contend the plan endorsed by the Republican
majority doesn't go far enough. One complaint is that it contains no
additional money for drug-abuse treatment.

Without treatment, "the problem will go on. It will continue to ruin our
families," said Rep. Michael Moreland, D-Ottumwa.

Republicans counter that tens of millions of dollars already are being
spent on treatment programs in Iowa.

The House, in an amendment to the bill debated Thursday, called for an
inter-agency study of the effectiveness of such programs.

Some Democrats also criticized a proposed "Meth Stoppers" reward fund. An
informant could receive a $1,000 reward for a tip leading to conviction of
a dealer or a successful meth lab bust.

"This smacks a little of vigilante efforts," said Rep. Richard Myers,
D-Iowa City. "It could turn people into amateur police officers."

Backers of the proposal said it is no different from other crime hot lines
and reward programs for tipsters.

Both the House and Senate versions of the health and human rights budget
bill would shift more than $1 million from the state's gambling treatment
fund to other programs, including the anti-meth initiatives approved
Tuesday. Some lawmakers complain that too much of the money flowing into
the gamblers' treatment program is being spent on television advertising.
They want to cap the program's income from lottery and gambling tax
revenue. The House voted in favor of a one-year cap set at $1.9 million.

Witness - Attorney Said Cops Would Drop Charges For $50,000
('Associated Press' Article In 'Boston Globe' Says Boston Lawyer
Joseph P. Murphy Went On Trial In US District Court Wednesday,
Charged With Buying Off Police For His Clients Charged With Illegal Drug
And Other Offenses - Two Boston Police Officers Have Already Admitted
Pocketing More Than $200,000 From Murphy's Clients)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 21:48:09 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US MA: Witness: Attorney Said Cops Would Drop Charges for $50,000
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Dick Evans" 
Source: Boston Globe (MA)
Contact: letters@globe.com
Website: http://www.boston.com/globe/
Pubdate: Thu, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Sharon L. Lynch, Associated Press


BOSTON (AP) - Boston cops will get your loved ones out of jail for $50,000.
That was the message attorney Joseph P. Murphy delivered to his client's
girlfriend on behalf of two Boston police detectives, the woman told jurors
at Murphy's federal trial in U.S. District Court on Wednesday.

The offer allegedly came after the 1992 cocaine-trafficking arrest of Bruno
Machore and Saturnino Garcia in the city's Jamaica Plain section.

Olga Taveras, who is Machore's girlfriend and Garcia's sister, met with
Murphy -- who was representing Machore -- while the two men were being held
in jail, she testified.

"The policemen wanted a deal with my brother and Bruno," Taveras said
Murphy told her. "If they gave them $50,000, (police) were not going to
submit charges."

Murphy told Taveras that two of the Boston detectives working Machore's
case had offered to fail to show up at court hearings in exchange for
money, Taveras testified. She said she was told that after 90 days, the
men could be released without bail and later have the charges dropped if
the detectives failed to appear.

The two detectives in question, Walter F. Robinson Jr. and Kenneth Acerra,
already have admitted pocketing more than $200,000 from drug dealers and
other criminals. Each has agreed to serve three years in prison.

Now Murphy faces charges of extortion, conspiracy and attempted extortion
for acting as a go-between in the detectives' alleged offer to his client.
If convicted, he faces up to 60 years in prison.

Detective John Brazil, who worked with Robinson and Acerra and is
testifying under immunity, told jurors the senior detectives taught him to
make up details when trying to obtain search warrants. Brazil also said he
found $8,000 in cash during the May 29, 1992, raid of Machore's apartment
and turned it over to Robinson.

Prosecutors, however, presented evidence that the money never turned up in
the police department's Financial Evidence Office.

Defense attorney Peter Parker on Wednesday suggested Taveras, an illegal
immigrant from the Dominican Republic, may have slanted her testimony
against Murphy because prosecutors have agreed to recommend that the
Immigration and Naturalization Service allow her to stay in the United

Taveras, who has lived in Boston for more than a decade and works as a
housekeeper and baby sitter, admitted she was previously denied legal
residence here.

Extortion Trial Witness Tells Of Police Abuses ('Boston Globe' Version)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 23:59:02 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US MA: Extortion Trial Witness Tells of Police Abuses
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Dick Evans" 
Source: Boston Globe (MA)
Contact: letters@globe.com
Website: http://www.boston.com/globe/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Patricia Nealon


A Boston police detective yesterday became the first officer to testify
publicly about the shady practices he learned from two former colleagues
who have admitted stealing more than $200,000 from drug dealers and other
criminals in an on-the-job crime spree.

Since Walter F. Robinson Jr. and Kenneth Acerra have pleaded guilty to
avoid trial, the testimony of Detective John Brazil offers the first
glimpse into the crooked world of phony search warrants and stolen drug
money perfected by his two mentors on the night shift.

Brazil was the lead government witness against attorney Joseph P. Murphy of
Milton, who is on trial in US District Court for allegedly engaging in an
extortion scheme with Robinson and Acerra.

Authorities say Murphy twice told defendants that drug charges could be
dropped or they could get out of jail before trial if they made payoffs to
the two detectives.

Brazil, currently on administrative leave from the Boston Police
Department, has been granted immunity in exchange for his testimony.

Last month, Robinson and Acerra each pleaded guilty to three counts of
conspiracy, civil rights violations and tax fraud shortly before they were
to stand trial. They did not plead guilty to the extortion charges
involving Murphy.

Under a plea agreement, the two detectives will serve three years in prison
and repay as much as $100,000 if US District Judge Douglas P. Woodlock
accepts the deal at their sentencing May 21. Under the terms of the
agreement, the extortion charges against them involving Murphy will be

The federal investigation that prompted their indictment was sparked by a
Globe Spotlight Team report in February 1996.

On the witness stand yesterday, Brazil, 51, described how he met Robinson
and Acerra in the fall of 1991 while working at the Area E station, which
covers Hyde Park, Jamaica Plain, Roslindale and West Roxbury.

''I wanted to learn how to do search warrants,'' Brazil testified.

So his supervisor, Sergeant Leonard W. Marquardt, put him in touch with
Robinson and Acerra, who were known for being ''efficient'' at preparing
search warrants, Brazil said.

That efficiency, Brazil testified, was grounded in a system of lying on
search warrant applications - using made-up informants and nonexistent

Soon, Brazil was filling out search warrant applications and affidavits for
Robinson and Acerra using the tricks of the trade they'd taught him. If he
needed informants' names to boost the credibility of an application, he was
told, ''Just put down the last person that you arrested,'' Brazil

He did just that on a May 6, 1992, application that is central to the case
against Murphy. That warrant was used to raid a Jamaica Plain apartment as
well as a taxi owned by Bruno Machore, a suspected drug dealer who will be
a key prosecution witness against Murphy. According to court documents
filed after the raid and admitted as evidence yesterday, Robinson, Acerra
and Brazil found four bags of cocaine and drug paraphernalia in the
apartment and $7,500 in cash in Machore's cab parked outside.

The government alleges that Murphy told Machore that if he paid Robinson
and Acerra $1,000 each, the case against him would be dismissed. That
happened after neither detective showed up in court.

Robinson later appeared before a judge and said that the money had been
taken for safekeeping and was not part of the search. It was returned to
Murphy, according to prosecutors.

Three weeks after the Jamaica Plain search, Robinson, Acerra and Brazil
raided two apartments on Edgemere Road in West Roxbury, where Machore was
arrested again.

Brazil testified that he broke open a strong box he'd found under the bed
and discovered about $8,000 packaged in eight bundles. He testified that he
gave the money to Robinson. But Robinson never mentioned the cash in an
incident report, and didn't fill out a form used to keep track of seized
money. And Acerra never listed the money - which prosecutors said could
have been as much as $17,000 - in a document filed in West Roxbury District

Brazil testified that he overheard Robinson and Acerra talking about the
money in the detective squad. Robinson said he knew Murphy, who was
Machore's attorney; before becoming a defense lawyer, Murphy was an
assistant clerk magistrate at West Roxbury District Court for 12 years.
''I'll talk to him,'' Robinson said, according to Brazil. ''We can work
this out.''

In the summer of 1992, prosecutors say, Murphy visited one of Machore's
co-defendants in prison four times and told him that for $50,000 - $25,000
each for Robinson and Acerra - they would be released from jail pending
trial. Neither paid the money but both were released.

Both are expected to testify.

In a related development, a Boston attorney yesterday filed a federal
lawsuit against Robinson, Brazil and the city of Boston, claiming that his
client, Jose de La Rosa, was falsely charged with cocaine trafficking and
robbed of $2,300 by Robinson and Brazil in September 1991.

The 11-page complaint filed by attorney Howard Friedman claims that
Robinson - after he and Brazil searched de La Rosa's apartment but found no
drugs - produced a bag of cocaine at the police station and said it would
be used as evidence against de La Rosa.

The encounter took place, according to the complaint, after de La Rosa
insisted he was not a drug dealer and could not ''set up'' a drug deal for
Robinson, Acerra and Brazil. In October, after the cocaine trafficking
charge against de La Rosa had been pending for six years, it was dismissed,
the complaint says.

Boxer Slams GOP On Judiciary Process ('San Diego Union Tribune'
Says US Senator Barbara Boxer, Speaking Yesterday To The National Association
Of Women Lawyers Meeting At San Diego's US Grant Hotel,
That A Bloc Of Conservative Senators Have So 'Warped And Distorted'
The Process By Which Judges Are Approved That The Federal Judiciary
Is In A State Of Crisis - Republican Opposition To 'Judicial Activists'
Is Not An Attempt To Weed Out Liberals So Much As To Weed Out
Independent Jurists)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Boxer slams GOP on judiciary process
Date: Thu, 09 Apr 1998 16:44:46 -0700
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Tom Murlowski 
Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA)
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Gerry Braun STAFF WRITER


Conservatives blamed for judgeship delays

U.S. Sen. Barbara Boxer yesterday said a bloc of conservative senators have
so "warped and distorted" the process by which judges are approved that the
federal judiciary is in a state of crisis.

The Democratic senator said many qualified nominees have been scared off by
the Republicans' tactics and withdrawn their names from consideration,
while others have seen their nominations languish for years without
reaching the Senate floor for a vote.

"They're being held up by the three I's -- intimidation, innuendo and
ideology -- and we cannot allow that to dominate," Boxer told the National
Association of Women Lawyers meeting at San Diego's U.S. Grant Hotel.

"We have a crisis when we have 90 openings and we're moving one judge a
week, maybe."

The notion of a federal judiciary in crisis has been taken up by others
before Boxer, including William Rehnquist, the chief justice of the U.S.
Supreme Court, and Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, the chairman of the Senate
Judiciary Committee. Both have contended the lack of new judges endangers
the system's integrity.

However, Boxer has first-hand experience combating conservatives over
judicial appointments.

In 1993, she recommended Superior Court Judge Judith McConnell of San Diego
to the federal bench, only to have McConnell withdraw her name from
consideration after Republicans launched a campaign against her and other
Clinton nominees. Republicans focused on a 1987 case in which McConnell
awarded custody of a 16-year-old boy to his deceased father's gay partner
instead of the boy's mother.

Other nominees that Boxer has recommended to the White House have come
before the Senate only after long delays.

More recently, Boxer was peppered with radio commercials in which
Republican challenger Darrell Issa claimed "some of Barbara Boxer's choices
for federal judge were so liberal even President Clinton rejected them."

Boxer, however, said Republican opposition to "judicial activists" is not
an attempt to weed out liberals so much as to weed out independent jurists.

"Who is a 'judicial activist' anyway?" Boxer asked. "I think it's anyone
with a pulse and heartbeat. Are you supposed to be someone who's never done
anything in your life? Are you supposed to be someone who's never had an
opinion in your life? It's a frightening prospect.

"They oppose people for having a thought in their heads. They have warped
and distorted the nomination process."

Boxer said she has sought to nominate as many women as men to the bench,
and "worked very hard to make the American judiciary look more like

She said the screening process she has created to review potential nominees
assesses them solely on their qualifications.

"I haven't known one of the people I recommended to President Clinton," she
said. "They have all made it on their own."

Copyright 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co.

Prescription Drugs - Danger Within the Cure (Op-Ed In 'Los Angeles Times'
By Thomas J. Moore Of George Washington University Medical Center,
Author Of 'Prescription For Disaster - The Hidden Dangers
In Your Medicine Cabinet,' Says It Is Estimated More Than 100,000 Americans
Die Every Year From FDA-Approved Prescription Drugs,
And Another One Million Are So Severely Injured They Require Hospitalization,
Yet Just 54 Federal Employees With A Budget Of About $7 Million
Are Responsible For Monitoring The Safety Of 5,000 Prescription
And Over-The-Counter Drugs On The Market)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 23:47:32 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: OPED: Prescription Drugs: Danger Within the Cure
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: John W.Black
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Thomas J.Moore - a senior fellow in health policy at the George
Washington University Medical Center, is the author of "Prescription for
Disaster: The Hidden Dangers in Your Medicine Cabinet."


Imagine a war on crime in which nobody knew how many murders occurred, or a
Federal Aviation Administration that was unaware of how many airplanes had
crashed. Suppose we were so casual about fatal automobile accidents that it
was not necessary to report one.

This is how we monitor the risks of prescription drugs, though they account
for more deaths each year than all murders, auto accidents and airplane
crashes combined. It is estimated that more than 100,000 people die every
year from the adverse effects of prescription drugs, and 1 million are
injured so severely they require hospitalization. Many of these deaths and
serious injuries could be prevented with better programs and policies to
limit the dangers involved.

Many people take pills confident the Food and Drug Administration has
ensured that only safe drugs reach consumers. While the FDA has a generally
competent and dedicated staff, this is not what happens. The FDA's job is
to make sure each new drug is tested thoroughly enough to identify its
risks, and provide substantial evidence that it has medical benefits.

This means approved drugs usually have their benefits celebrated in the
growing flood of direct-to-consumer advertising. But they also have major
risks that are inadequately monitored, often ignored by doctors and seldom
understood by consumers. The leading painkillers frequently cause
perforated ulcers, requiring emergency surgery and resulting in 70,000
hospitalizations a year. Digoxin, a best-selling heart drug, caused more
than 200,000 hospitalizations over a seven-year period. Even the awesome
power of antibiotics carries risks that must be managed. They can create
conditions in which intractable intestinal infections flourish or trigger a
life-threatening allergic reaction. Millions more are afflicted with
moderate side effects, including rashes, insomnia, nausea, hair loss,
depression and sexual dysfunction. Drugs are inherently risky, and from the
FDA to the consumer's medicine cabinet, were doing a poor job minimizing
those dangers.

The problem begins at the FDA, and the priorities imposed by limited budget
and congressional mandates. For years, the chief complaint was that the FDA
was too slow to approve new drugs. When given additional funds collected
from drug companies, the FDA responded impressively. With a 40% increase
in the drug-review staff since 1993, the FDA now approves new drugs as fast
or faster than in Europe.

Unfortunately, the narrow focus on new drugs has made worse the already
inadequate safety monitoring of drugs being taken by millions of consumers.
The FDA has more than 1,500 full-time employees with duties mainly related
to evaluating new drugs. However, a fulltime staff of just 54 is
responsible for monitoring the safety of the 5,000 prescription and
over-the -counter drugs already on the market. There are more full-time
federal employees in the U.S. Naval Academy laundry (a total of 107), than
assigned to monitor the risks of drugs taken by millions of consumers.

To detect drug-related injuries and deaths, the FDA relies mainly on a
voluntary system so widely ignored by health professionals that 99% of all
adverse effects are never reported. As a result, the FDA cannot say whether
deaths and serious injuries from drugs are increasing or reliably identify
which drugs require greater vigilance in their use. As the diet-drug
debacle with fenphen proved, without better monitoring, people may continue
to be harmed for decades before the danger is identified.

We have even more serious problems in the doctor's office than at the FDA.
The medical journals are filled with research that documents in horrifying
detail an err0r-plagued system. For example, studies show that one of five
elderly are prescribed at least one drug that is inappropriate or dangerous
in an older population. Another revealed that 21% of all prescriptions for
antibiotics were inappropriately given to combat the common cold, a virus
against which these drugs are risky and ineffective. Government surveys
show that more than two of three doctors fail to tell patients anything
about the risks of the drug they just prescribed, despite a legal and
ethical obligation to do so.

Of equal concern are the alarming number of simple medication errors in
hospitals, pharmacies and doctors' offices. Common mistakes include
confusing the drug name, getting the dose wrong or ignoring the results of
a diagnostic test or a plainly documented drug allergy. Reported deaths
from medication errors, now more than 7,000 a year, have nearly tripled in
a decade's time. Yet, many fatal medication blunders undoubtedly are never
reported on death certificates.

While the nation's hospitals are now paying more attention to the
drug-safety breakdown, the doctor's office remains dangerously error prone.
Without new tools and a better system, even the most conscientious of
doctors is likely to make an unacceptable number of errors.

In such a poorly managed, inherently dangerous system, consumers must pay
far more attention to risks and benefits of the drugs they take. Can thay
recognize the adverse effects of the drugs they're taking, especially the
subtle ones like fatigue or mild depression? Is this one of the drugs where
a small overdose is dangerous? Do consumers know when they take one of the
many drugs with alarming withdrawal effects if discontinued suddenly? These
are just a few of the many questions that must be answered to use drugs

While individuals can do much to reduce their risks, an effective solution
requires action by a concerned nation the usually does not neglect
important safety issues. For example, we spend $3 billion annually to
install air bags in new automobiles, hoping to save about 300 lives a year.
Responding to the fatal crash of a TWA airliner near New York, in which
terrorism was not involved, the federal government launched a massive
counter-terrorism effort with 200 new employees at the FAA and another
1,300 at the FBI.

Yet, with 1 million severely harmed each year by prescription drugs, the
FDA monitoring program has a budget of about $7 million. You don't have to
an expert to grasp how many lives we could save, and injuries we might
prevent, with even a modest investment in drug safety.

Exporting Disease ('Washington Post' Staff Editorial
In 'International Herald-Tribune' Says The United States Congress
Should Limit Tobacco Companies' 'Predatory' Behavior Overseas,
Because A Recent Study By The World Health Organization And The World Bank
Estimated That Diseases Caused By Smoking Would Increase Worldwide
From 2.6 Percent In 1990 To 9 Percent By 2020)

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 00:06:06 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: Editorial: Exporting Disease
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Peter Webster
Source: International Herald-Tribune
Contact: iht@iht.com
Website: http://www.iht.com/
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Author: Washington Post Editorial Board


As communism fell in Eastern Europe, the Marlboro Man rode into town. U.S.
cigarette makers were in the vanguard, exporting their lethal products as
symbols of Western glamour and free-market prosperity. In the former Soviet
Union, the three big multinational tobacco firms became, along with energy
companies, the biggest investors.

When Western advertising began to provoke a nationalist backlash, a new
brand appeared. "Peter the Great" cigarettes were designed - according to
an inscription on each pack - for those who "believe in the revival of the
traditions and grandeur of the Russian lands." They are made by, yes, the
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.

The tobacco industry may be on the defensive in America, but it is
unashamedly on the march overseas, trying any trick to lure old smokers to
new brands in ex-Communist countries and to hook new smokers there as well
as in the developing world.

The big three - Reynolds, Philip Morris Inc. and British-American Tobacco
Co. - want a settlement in large part so that legal challenges in their
stagnant home market would not distract them from growth opportunities in
the Third World. But an agreement that protects some American children from
tobacco addiction at the expense of many more children in foreign countries
would not be much of a victory.

That is why it is important that any tobacco bill include some measures to
limit tobacco's predatory behavior overseas. Senator John McCain's
proposal - with support from Senators Ron Wyden, Dick Durbin and
others - would prohibit the U.S. government from promoting the U.S.
tobacco industry abroad. It also would step up U.S. efforts against
cigarette smuggling and assist other nations in their anti-smoking efforts,
with funding coming from a two cents-a-pack "fee" on overseas sales of
U.S. cigarettes. Perhaps most important, it would seek to impose the same
restrictions against selling or marketing to children overseas as would
apply in America.

Some of these provisions are modeled on the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act,
a precedent for U.S. regulation of companies' overseas behavior. But it is
not clear whether they could apply to foreign subsidiaries, and even in
their present forrn they are under attack from some senators and the
tobacco industry.

The administration should work with Congress in passing the strongest
legally defensible provisions possible. President Bill Clinton also should
provide more leadership of an international coalition against smoking.

Tobacco accounted for 2.6 percent of the worldwide burden of disease in
1990, according to a recent study by the World Health Organization and the
World Bank. By 2020, that figure will grow to 9 percent - more than
malnutrition, HIV or any single disease. U.S. firms bear considerable
responsibility for that sad statistic.

Mexico Raps US Over Elusive Drug Barons ('Chicago Tribune'
Notes US Drug Czar General Barry McCaffrey Was Embarrassed Yesterday
When Mexican Attorney General Jorge Madrazo
Criticized US Law-Enforcement Officials For Failing To Capture
The Leaders Of One Of Mexico's Most Powerful Drug Cartels,
The Tijuana Organization Headed By The Arellano-Felix Brothers)

From: "W.H.E.N." 
To: "Talk" 
Subject: HT: Mexico raps U.S. over drug barons
Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 18:49:42 -0700
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Mexico raps U.S. over elusive drug barons
by Paul de la Garza
Chicago Tribune

MEXICO CITY - With U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey sitting at his side,
Mexican Attorney General Jorge Madrazo yesterday criticized U.S.
law-enforcement officials for failing to capture the leaders of one of
Mexico's most powerful drug cartels.

Veering from diplomatic protocol, Madrazo lashed out at the United States
during a packed news conference at the Ministry of Foreign Relations after
two days of talks between anti-drug officials from both countries. During
his visit, which ended yesterday, McCaffrey and Mexican officials worked on
establishing practical ways to measure each other's success in the drug

Appearing agitated, Madrazo said Mexico had evidence that the leaders of
the Tijuana cartel, the Arellano-Felix brothers, had spent time between
1993 and 1994 in Las Vegas, San Diego and Colorado.

"We are not satisfied with the efforts of the United States, just as the
United States is not satisfied with us, because the Arellano-Felix brothers
are still at large," he said.

McCaffrey, who joined Madrazo and Foreign Minister Rosario Green at the
news conference, said the reason drug barons could travel between the two
countries is the sheer size of the border. He said 250 million people
crossed the 2,000-mile U.S.-Mexico border last year.

"This is the largest open border on Earth," McCaffey said.

Madrazo's criticism was startling because McCaffrey is one of Mexico's
biggest cheerleaders when it comes to the drug war.

Madrazo's rebuke indicated the frustration Mexico - and other nations -
feel about the annual U.S. certification process, in which the U.S.
president certifies whether a country has done its share in the drug war.
President Ernesto Zedillo has even suggested that certification is a threat
to the sovereignty of Mexico. Some officials consider certification
hypocritical, in light of the fact that Americans are among the biggest
consumers of illegal drugs.

Tired Of Criticism, Mexico Says US Hardly A Hero In Drug War
(Different, Lengthier Version Of Same Story From 'Chicago Tribune')

Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 19:28:21 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: US IL: Tired Of Criticism, Mexico Says US Hardly A Hero In Drug
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World" 
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Source: Chicago Tribune
Contact: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/interact/letters/letted.htm
Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com
Author: Paul de la Garza Tribune Foreign Correspondent


MEXICO CITY With U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey sitting nearby, Mexican
Atty. Gen. Jorge Madrazo on Tuesday criticized American law-enforcement
officials for failing to capture the leaders of one of Mexico's most
powerful drug cartels.

Veering from diplomatic protocol, Madrazo lashed out at the U.S. during a
packed news conference at the Ministry of Foreign Relations after two days
of talks between anti-drug officials from each country. During his visit,
which ended Tuesday, McCaffrey and Mexican officials worked on establishing
ways to measure each other's success in the drug war.

Appearing agitated, Madrazo said Mexico had evidence that the leaders of
the Tijuana cartel, the Arellano-Felix brothers, had spent time between
1993 and 1994 in Las Vegas, San Diego and Colorado.

"We are not satisfied with the efforts of the United States, just as the
United States is not satisfied with us, because the Arellano-Felix brothers
are still at large," he said.

McCaffrey, who joined Madrazo and Foreign Minister Rosario Green at the
news conference, said the reason drug barons could travel freely between
the countries is the size of the border. He noted that 250 million people
crossed the 2,000-mile U.S.-Mexico border last year.

"This is the largest open border on Earth," he said.

Madrazo's criticism was startling because McCaffrey is one of Mexico's
biggest cheerleaders when it comes to the drug war.

Last year, he had to backpedal after praising Gen. Gutierrez Rebollo, then
the Mexican drug czar, whom he had characterized as a man of integrity. Not
long after taking office, Rebollo was arrested on charges of protecting
drug barons in exchange for bribes. He has been convicted and sentenced to

Madrazo's rebuke indicated the frustration Mexico and other nations feel
about the annual U.S. certification process, in which the American
president certifies whether a country has done its share in the drug war.
President Ernesto Zedillo has suggested that certification is a threat to
the sovereignty of Mexico.

Some officials consider certification hypocritical, in light of the fact
that Americans are among the biggest consumers of illegal drugs. In
February, to the chagrin of members of Congress who criticize Mexico as a
"narco-state," President Clinton certified Mexico as an ally in the war on

Recently, the leaders of several Latin American countries have talked about
subjecting the U.S. to a certification process based on guidelines set by
the international community. At a breakfast with reporters before the news
conference, McCaffrey said he would welcome it.

"Sure, why not?" he said, adding he would be willing to share the successes
of U.S. anti-drug efforts with other countries.

He added that the U.S. and Mexico "should not beat each other up" when it
comes to the drug war but establish "effective cooperation."

Although Americans consume about 240 metric tons of cocaine annually, and
about 13 metric tons of heroin, McCaffrey noted that drug use was beginning
to spread in Mexico.

Mexican Anti-Drug Leaders Slap US ('San Diego Union Tribune' Version)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 23:38:04 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: Mexican Anti-Drug Leaders Slap U.S.
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Tom Murlowski 
Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA)
Contact: letters@uniontrib.com
Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998


Cite failure to nab visiting traffickers

MEXICO CITY -- Top Mexican anti-drug officials turned the tables on their
visiting U.S. counterparts yesterday by criticizing their failure to
capture Mexican cocaine traffickers they say regularly visit the United

White House drug policy director Gen. Barry McCaffrey, who bent over
backward to praise Mexico's progress in the drug fight during a three-day
visit that ended yesterday, instead got an earful from Attorney General
Jorge Madrazo.

"We are not very satisfied with the effort the United States has carried
out, just as they are not satisfied with our efforts," Madrazo told a news

Mexico's most wanted drug traffickers, the Tijuana-based Arellano Filix
brothers, visited Las Vegas, Colorado and San Diego between 1993 and 1994,
Madrazo said.

Top members of the Arellanos' gang captured by Mexican authorities also
said they spent time recently in San Diego, he added.

McCaffrey declined to comment on the claims and said it would be best if
U.S. law enforcement officials took up the issue instead.

A CNN camera and sound crew who attended the news conference was robbed at
gunpoint in the Foreign Ministry parking lot after leaving the event, CNN
employees said. Taken from the two-man crew were a van, sound and video
equipment and a cell phone, whose total value was more than $50,000.

Copyright 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co.

New US Rules In Measuring Mexico's Anti-Drug Efforts ('San Jose Mercury News'
Quotes US Drug Czar General Barry McCaffrey, After A Meeting
With Top Mexican Officials, Saying The United States Would Begin Using
'Concrete Measurements' To Evaluate Mexico's Status As An Ally
In The United States' War On Some Drugs, Which 'Over Time
Will Make Irrelevant The US Process Of Certification)

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 09:07:16 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: New U.S. Rules in Measuring Mexico's Anti-Drug Efforts
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Joel W. Johnson (jwjohnson@netmagic.net)
Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA)
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998


Mexico City (AP) -- Moving to ease a sore point in U.S.-Mexican ties,
President Clinton's top drug adviser Tuesday announced a new way to
evaluate Mexico's anti-drug efforts.

After a meeting with top Mexican officials, Barry McCaffrey said the change
would apply "concrete measurements" to the anti-drug efforts of both the
United States and Mexico in areas such as drug seizures and arrests.

The new evaluation system would apparently help equalize the roles of
Mexico and the United States in the fight against drugs because both will
be obliged to report on progress.

It is hoped the procedure will reduce the political battles that have
occurred in the U.S. Congress during the certification process, which has
been roundly criticized by Mexico and several other Latin American nations.

"We do believe, many of us, that the evidence (of the measurement program)
. . . over time will make irrelevant the U.S. process of certification,"
said McCaffrey, who was in Mexico to coordinate anti-drug strategy.

The U.S. government currently certifies every six months whether key
nations are cooperating in the fight against drugs. Those not certified
face economic and other sanctions.

The process infuriates officials in Mexico and other countries, who charge
that the United States creates most of the drug problem with its vast
market for illegal narcotics.

While U.S. politicians have long called on Mexican authorities to do more
to catch drug traffickers, the tables turned Tuesday when Mexico's attorney
general said U.S. police could be doing more to capture the Arellano Felix
brothers, who head a Tijuana-based cocaine cartel presumed to be Mexico's

Attorney General Jorge Madrazo said at a press conference at the end of the
two-day meeting that the brothers are probably hiding in San Diego.

"We are perhaps not very satisfied with the United States' efforts, or they
are not very satisfied with our efforts, because at this time we do not
physically have the three Arellano Felix brothers in prison," Madrazo said.

New Standards Set For Mexico's Anti-Drug Effort (Different 'Associated Press'
Version In 'Orange County Register')

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 23:52:06 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: New Standards Set For Mexico's Anti-Drug effort
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: John W.Black
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Author: Mark Stevenson - Associated Press


The 'concrete measurements' are designed to mollify Latin nations that
complained of U.S. political posturing.

Mexico City - Moving to ease a sore point in U.S.-Mexican relations,
President Clinton's top drug adviser Tuesday announced a new way to
evaluate Mexico's anti-drug effort - a method aimed at making the nations
equal partners in the drug war.

After meeting with top Mexican officials, Gen. Barry McCaffrey said
"concrete measurements" would be used to evaluate the anti-drug seizures
and arrests.

The procedure is supposed to reduce the political posturing in the
congressional certification process, which has been roundly criticized by
Mexico and several other Latin nations.

"We do believe, is supposed to reduce the political posturing in the
congressional certification process, which has been roundly criticized by
Mexico and several other Latin nations.

"We do believe, many of us, that the evidence (of the measurement
program)...over time will make irrelevant the I.S. process of
certification," said McCaffrey, who was in Mexico to coordinate anti-drug

The U.S. government currently certifies every six months whether key
nations are cooperating in the fight against drugs. Those not certified
face economic and other sanctions.

The process infuriates officials in Mexico and other countries, who charge
that the United States creates most of the drug problem because of its vast
market for illegal narcotics.

The new evaluation system would make Mexico and the United States more
equal partners in the fight against drugs because both sides will be
obliged to report on progress.

While U.S. politicians have long called on Mexican authorities to do more
to catch drug traffickers, the tables were turned Tuesday when Mexico's
attorney general said U.S. police should be doing more to capture the
Arellano Felix brothers, who head a Tijuana-based cocaine cartel believed
to be Mexico's largest.

Attorney General Jorge Madrazo said at the news conference that concluded
the two-day meeting that the brothers probably are hiding in San Diego.

"We are perhaps not very satisfied with the United States' efforts, or they
are not very satisfied with our efforts, because at this time we do not
physically have the three Arellano Felix brothers in prison," Madrazo said.

Benjamin, Ramon and Francisco Arellano Felix are believed to be the biggest
suppliers of cocaine to the United States. Mexico has offered a $1 million
reward for each.

Ramon Arellano Felix is on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List, and federal
authorities have offered a $2 million reward for information leading to his

McCaffrey referred questions on the druglords' whereabouts to U.S.
law-enforcement agencies such as the DEA and FBI.

Madrazo also denied that U.S. drug agents had received tacit authorization
to carry guns in Mexico. That was a sensitive issue before Clinton's visit
to Mexico in May 1997, when both nations said they had taken unspecified
steps to protect such agents.

That announcement was widely interpreted at the time as implying that the
DEA agents were given unstated approval to carry weapons on Mexican soil,
an interpretation Madrazo denied Tuesday.

"The means of protecting those agents is not by giving them arms," Madrazo said.

U.S. officials are concerned that their agents could meet a fate like that
of DEA agent Enrique Camarena, who was kidnapped Feb. 7, 1985, in
Guadalajara, Mexico, and taken to a druglord's home where he was tortured
and killed.

War Against Drugs, Relations With Mexico And Life In US (Letter To Editor
Of 'San Francisco Examiner' Says The Newspaper Is Correct To Say
Mexico's Civil Disorder Is Caused By Demand For Drugs In America,
But The Real Drug War Front Is Here At Home,
As Shown By Mandatory Drug Testing, The Resulting Unemployment,
And All Those New Prison Cells Being Built)

Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 23:39:56 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: War Against Drugs, Relations With Mexico and Life in U.S.
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "Frank S. World"  and Jerry Sutliff
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998


In your editorial ( "Patching an anti-drug alliance," April 3), you wrote
of Sen. Dianne Feinstein's effort to deny Mexico certification as being
fully cooperative with our government's attempt to stem the flow of illegal

Should she take the time to investigate, she would learn, among other
things, that the money paid in bribes to law enforcement officials is twice
the entire budget of the Mexican attorney general's office. Those top
officials who are in a position to be effective usually have to choose
between being paid off or killed off.

Mexico is helping all it can and paying a terrible price for trying.

The destruction of civil order at the border is caused - you called it
correctly - by the demand for drugs in the streets of America. Economic
demand moves goods and services.

How do we reduce demand?

One way is to make drug users unemployable through mandatory drug testing.
Another way is to jail as many drug users as possible. For whom are all
those new prison cells being built?

The drug war front is here at home. Its conduct requires us all to face the
political question of how much personal and economic freedom we are willing
to cede to the moral police in order to reduce demand for illegal drugs to
near zero. And were the zero demand circumstance to eventuate, would you
want to live here?

Gerald M. Sutliff, Emeryville

Chief Allays McLellan's Pot Fears ('Edmonton Sun' Says Edmonton Police Chief
John Lindsay Has Disavowed Alarmist Statements His Department Made
To The Newspaper Last Week That Caught The Attention
Of Federal Justice Minister Anne McLellan, Who Is Also A Member
Of Parliament For Edmonton West)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: Canada: Chief allays McLellan's pot fears
Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 08:31:31 -0700
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Edmonton Sun
Contact: sun.letters@ccinet.ab.ca
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Author: BART JOHNSON -- Staff Writer


Federal Justice Minister Anne McLellan's concern over pot farms in
Edmonton appears to have been nipped in the bud by police Chief John

McLellan, MP for Edmonton West, had a meeting with the chief
yesterday and left satisfied the growth in hydroponic marijuana
operations in the city is not out of control.

"In Western Canada right now there is some increase in the number of
cultivation operations and clearly that's something that the Edmonton
police force and other police agencies are watching very carefully,"
she said.

"But at this point, there does not appear to be any necessity for any
change in the law."

City police told reporters last week that Edmonton pot growers are
producing such high-quality weed that it's now being exported south of
the border and even into Mexico, itself a prolific pot exporter.

"It's a big problem in the city and it's a big problem in the
province," drug unit boss Staff Sgt. Nick Bok said at the time -
although a police spokesman later downplayed the concern.

News of Bok's comments reached McLellan in Ottawa, prompting her to
set up a meeting with Lindsay to discuss her concerns during a trip
home for Easter.

"The chief and I discussed it this morning and clearly, where these
operations exist, the police are working hard to identify them and
deal with the people involved," McLellan said after the meeting

"But I didn't get a sense from the chief that Edmonton is out of line
with other communities, and certainly not out of line with other
western Canadian communities, in relation to this issue."

Police spokesman Sgt. Bryan Boulanger confirmed yesterday that
Lindsay and the justice minister met, but would not discuss details of
their chat.

"They discussed issues of mutual concern," Boulanger said.
"But (the chief) didn't wish to make a comment with respect to their
private conversation."

Legalized Drugs Would Help To Reduce Crime (Letter To Editor
Of 'Toronto Star' Praises Columnist Rosie DiManno's Column,
'Waging War On Drugs Does Not Pay')

Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 11:25:01 -0400
To: mattalk@islandnet.com, editor@mapinc.org
From: Dave Haans 
Subject: PUB LstE: Toronto Star
Newshawk: Dave Haans
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Source: Toronto Star
Contact: LetterToEd@thestar.com
Page: A21

Legalized Drugs would help to reduce crime

I'm glad that Star columnist Rosie DiManno has taken up the cudgels to
advocate what some of us have been suggesting for years -- that drugs be
made available to all who want them (column, April 1).

The rationale is not a moral one but rather one of common sense; anyone who
wants drugs today can get them quite readily.

It isn't the availability of the drugs that creates the problem, it's
raising the cash to pay for them. To that end, the druggies will steal,
injure and, if necessary, murder.

They are going to get the drugs under any circumstances; it's just a
question of who gets hurt in the process.

Police sources have stated that 54 per cent of all crime is drug-related.
How can we continue to ignore that fact?

This isn't to say that there shouldn't be some strings attached, like
registering at a pharmacy or any other common sense steps.

But for heaven's sake, let us stop pouring money down an open sewer, call a
spade a spade and make a realistic move toward cutting down on the criminal
activities that hurt us all, when there is a simple, albeit unpopular,
solution to the problem.

William L. Tredrea

Let's Take Argument To Extremes (Another Letter To The Editor
Of 'Toronto Star,' Responding To The Same Column, Willfully Ignores
The Difference Between Real And Victimless Crimes - And Which Ones
Taxpayers Can Afford To Prosecute)

Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 11:14:08 -0400
From: Carey Ker 
Subject: LTE: Let's take argument to extremes
To: mattalk@islandnet.com
Newshawk: carey.ker@utoronto.ca
Source: Toronto Star
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Page: Letters
Contact: LetterToEd@thestar.com

Start columnist Rosie DiManno says we are not winning the
war on drugs by law enforcement (Waging war on drugs does
not pay, April 1).

She has the solution: decriminalize drugs. This has great

We are not winning the wars on theft and murder by law
enforcement, either.

Now we can eliminate those crimes by making it legal to take
anything we want, or to kill anyone we don't like.

Instantly there are no more thieves or murderers.

While we are at it, we can stop the crime of running red
lights by making all traffic lights permanently green, both

When we have eliminated all crime this way, we can fire our
police forces.

Think of the money we'll save.

Alan Craig

Depression Also Has Strong Psychological Components (Another Letter
To Editor Of 'Toronto Star' About Rosie DiManno's Column Alleges,
Without Citing Any Real Evidence, That DiManno Was 'Wrong In Her Claim
That New, Anti-Depressants Can Almost Immediately Accomplish
What Therapy Could Not')

Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 11:25:01 -0400
To: mattalk@islandnet.com, editor@mapinc.org
From: Dave Haans 
Subject: PUB LstE: Toronto Star
Newshawk: Dave Haans
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Source: Toronto Star
Contact: LetterToEd@thestar.com
Page: A21

Depression also has strong psychological components

Rosie DiManno is right in saying that it took us a "hundred years" to
"realize that perhaps depression is physiological in nature for many
people" (Column, April 1).

But it took us a few decades longer to realize that it also has strong
psychological components. Biology merely disposes one to it.

She is wrong in her claim that "new, anti-depressants can almost
immediately accomplish what therapy could not." Anti-depressant
medications usually take several weeks to work, and in clinical trials,
have success rates similar to those for verbal therapy.

In fact, cognitive therapy seems to produce lower relapse rates than drug

DiManno further suggests that we conduct research to find new drugs in
order to cure those "predisposed to drug addiction."

Research has shown little support for the existence of an "addictive
personality," but even were we to accept that such a thing existed, is it
really a good idea to preemptively put healthy people on drugs to stop them
using drugs?

Alex Gunz

Applause For Columnist, But Not For Her Cure (Letter To Editor
Of 'Toronto Star' Praises Rosie DiManno's Conclusion That 'Waging War
On Drugs Does Not Pay,' But Criticizes Her Wish For A Pill
To 'Cure' Addiction)

Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 11:06:03 -0400
From: Carey Ker 
Subject: PUB: Waging war on drugs does not pay
To: mattalk@islandnet.com
Newshawk: carey.ker@utoronto.ca)
Source: Toronto Star
Pubdate: April 8, 1998
Page: Letters
Contact: LetterToEd@thestar.com

I applaud Rosie DiManno for having the guts to tell it like
it is (Waging war on drugs does not pay, April 1).

I agree that the War on Unpopular Drugs is unwinnible,
unworkable, and that it's about time we change the course of
our policy, preferably through decriminalization.

I have fears, however, that her policy cure may be as bad or
worse than the so-called disease.

She suggests that we redirect our efforts towards finding a
cure for addiction, perhaps in the form of a pill.

This suggests that every single person who smokes pot,
snorts cocaine and injects heroin is sick.

It also suggests that all drug users desire to be cured.

In the absence of criminal sanctions, would the state feel
obliged to force recalcitrant drug users into treatment for
their own good?

Or would we simply provide drug users with whatever quantity
of drugs they can afford to buy?

It is a question left unanswered by DiManno.

In that respect, I am inclined to agree with the views of
the American psychologist Thomas Szasz, as expressed in his
seminal work "Ceremonial Chemistry".

We must recognize the modern drug war for what it is; a
moral crusade to purify the soul of the country.

Kelly T. Conlon

Jail Unit With Half Inmates On Drugs ('The Scotsman' Says More Than Half
The 50 Inmates At The Maximum Security National Induction Centre,
A Separate Unit Within Shotts Prison Which Takes Only Prisoners
Serving Eight Years Or Longer, Are Showing Positive For Drugs
In Random Mandatory Tests - Other Scottish Prisons Aren't Much Better -
Full Details Of Drug Test Failure Rates At All Jails Will Be Published
Next Month By The Scottish Prison Service)

Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 19:28:21 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: UK: Jail Unit With Half Inmates On Drugs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: shug@shug.co.uk
Pubdate: Wed, 8 Apr 1998
Source: The Scotsman
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com
Author: Jenny Booth Home Affairs Correspondent


Shotts Induction Centre Tops Prison Abuse League

DRUG barons, murderers and the most dangerous prisoners in Scotland are
relaxing in their cells with heroin and other hard drugs.

More than half the 50 inmates at the maximum security National Induction
Centre, a separate unit within Shotts prison which only takes prisoners
serving eight years or longer, are showing positive for drugs in random
mandatory tests.

The rate of positive tests is half as high again as other maximum security
jails and more than twice as high as at Scotland's largest young offender
institution, Polmont. NIC inmates are testing positive for opiates rather
than for soft drugs such as cannabis, it is understood.

The NIC governor, John Gerrie, confirmed: "It is true, we are over 50 per cent.

"It is not entirely surprising, given that a large number of our prisoners
have been involved in illicit drug activities and that they are all
starting out on very long sentences.

"Some of them are facing more than two decades in prison and won't even be
considered for liberation until well into the next century. They're going
through all kinds of adjustments, as they start to realise what this long
sentence means to them and to their families."

Mr Gerrie added: "We are not being complacent, far from it.

"What we want to do is to introduce an addictions worker, to inform them
about the harm they are doing to themselves with drugs and reinforce that
is important to stay healthy."

Drug-taking is rife in Scottish prisons, although most inmates only have
access to minute quantities of drugs smuggled in by family and friends,
much of which has been heavily "cut", or diluted with flea powder and other

In Aberdeen's Craiginches jail, where a prison officer had his throat cut
by a prisoner on Monday, Kitkat chocolate bars have been withdrawn from
sale because inmates were using the silver paper to "chase the dragon", the
slang term for smoking heroin.

But the level of positive tests at the NIC is nearly twice as high as in
other prisons. In Perth, a maximum security jail which takes some long-term
prisoners, positive drug tests are understood to be 35 per cent.

In Polmont young offenders institution, where all the prisoners are under
21, fewer than a quarter of inmates are testing positive.

Full details of the drug test failure rate at all Scotland's jails are due
to be published by the Scottish Prison Service next month.

Long-term prisoners will spend an average nine months in the NIC at the
start of their sentences, being assessed and analysed and put through
various intensive courses, before they are sent on to Perth, Glenochil or
Shotts main jail to serve the rest of their sentence. They include west
coast drugs barons who have made a fortune from their illegal trade and
international drugs smugglers.

The normal penalties for being caught taking drugs have little meaning for
them - docking up to two weeks prison pay, at UKP6.50 a week or adding a
maximum of 14 days to a 20-year sentence.

A prisons insider commented: "If your release date is April 2018, it is not
going to make much difference to you now if you are getting out two weeks

"People serving life sentences have no idea when they're going to get out
and the idea their sentence is going to be extended by a very few days is
really not the issue.

"We tell them if they are not going to kick their drugs habit they are
going to have a hard time in prison, as they put themselves at the mercy of
the people who supply drugs."

A spokesman for the Scottish Prison Service said that there were now moves
to introduce weekend drugs testing, to clamp down on the syndrome of
prisoners getting high during the extra long hours they spend locked up on
Saturdays and Sundays.

Till now prisoners have only been drug tested during the week. Rumour has
it that many inmates are switching to heroin at weekends, secure in the
knowledge that it leaves no trace in the system after a couple of days.
Cannabis lingers in the body for up to six weeks.

The spokesman added: "A lot of the drugs problems at the NIC is the nature
of the prison.

"Mr Gerrie is dealing with virtually every high profile prisoner in
Scotland. He has got some very, very difficult and unusual people in his
jail. A lot of them are the major drug dealers."

A report on the NIC by Scotland's prisons inspectorate is due out tomorrow.

Cannabis To Remain Off Limits ('Irish Independent' Says Proposals
To Legalise The Use Of Cannabis Were Rejected Yesterday By Police
In The Association Of Garda Sergeants And Inspectors Who Would Prefer
Coerced Rehabilitation For Marijuana Addicts)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 09:13:57 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: Olafur Brentmar 
Subject: MN: Ireland: Cannabis To Remain Off Limits
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: "(Zosimos) Martin Cooke" 
Pubdate: Wed, 08 Apr 1998
Source: Irish Independent
Contact: independent.letters@independent.ie
Website: http://www.independent.ie/


Proposals To Legalise The Use Of Cannabis Were Rejected By Gardai Yesterday.

Mid-ranking members of the force warned that decriminalisation would not
take the major money out of drug importation and contribute positively to
diminish the problem.

General secretary of the Association of Garda Sergeants and Inspectors,
George Maybury declared: "If you want to reform an alcoholic you hardly
increase his access to a full range of alcohol."

"Similarly, if you want to reform drug addicts, you do not allow free
access to these mentally and physically destructive substances," he told
the annual conference.

Mr Maybury said cannabis was a gateway drug which led to the taking of more
lethal drugs and damaged attention spans and motivation to achieve.

The drugs menace presented a complex problem which required:

* strict legal enforcement by gardai and customs in relation to the
importation and sale of illicit substances

* counselling and rehabilitation for addicts striving to kick the habit of
drug taking and

* a well resourced education of young people at an early age.

Mr Maybury also emphasised the expanding role played by Europol in the
fight against crime across Europe and said it would develop further as
eastern European nations joined the EU. This would make the work of the
force more complex and demanding than ever.

He said his members were facing into an era of major change with the report
of the SMI review group identifying rosters, performance development,
civilianisation and information technology as key issues to be addressed in
improving the efficiency of the force.

DrugSense Weekly, Number 41 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists,
Including Original And Excellent Commentary Such As The Feature Article,
'Thoughts Inspired By A Visit To San Francisco,' By Kevin Zeese, President,
Common Sense For Drug Policy)

Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 13:14:15 -0700
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer 
Subject: DrugSense Weekly April 8, 1998 #041




DrugSense Weekly #041

April 8, 1998

A DrugSense publication




Feature Article-

Thoughts Inspired by a Visit to San Francisco
by Kevin Zeese, President, Common Sense for Drug Policy

Weekly News In Review-

Medical Marijuana-

Felony Charges in Pot Case

News Analysis: Medical Privacy at Issue in Pot Club Records Seizure

Pot Candidate: High Hopes, High Visibility

Medical Marijuana Enthusiast Hauled To Jail


Study: Marijuana Is Addictive


O.C. Jail Crowding Leads U.S.


ACLU Challenges Oakland Over Car-Seizure Law


LTE - Response to March 11th article -
Drug-Czar Blast Hemp-Crop Advocates

International News-

Crime Kings Meet To Carve Up Europe

Canada - Stirring The Pot With New Marijuana Club

Canada - Pot Trial of MS Sufferer on Hold

UK - Young Scots a Generation of Criminals

UK - Army Of Addicts Costs City 400M Pounds Each Year

Hot Off The 'Net

DrugSense Tip Of The Week



Thoughts Inspired by a Visit to San Francisco by Kevin Zeese,
President, Common Sense for Drug Policy, kevzeese@mapinc.org

A visit to San Francisco is refreshing for a Beltway insider like myself.

The day I arrived I heard this story: a medical marijuana patient goes
into a bar. An older women was smoking a cigarette (illegal in
Califoria bars since January 1). The patient asked the bartender if he
minded if he smoked his medicine. The bartender said "no problem." As
he lit the joint, the tobacco user said: "You're breaking the law." The
marijuana user replied, "No, you are."

The next day, a headline in the Examiner proclaimed: "Hallinan: Pot
Will Be Available." The top law enforcement official was promising
that if the federal government closed Cannabis Buyers' Clubs he would
personally assure that marijuana would be distributed by city officials.

When I discussed this with Hallinan, he said he considered safe access to
medical marijuana to be critical to the health of the many ill San
Franciscans who use it. When I discussed the issue with Dr. Mitchell Katz,
director of the Health Department, he agreed Hallinan was on the right

When I come to California I joke with my hostess, Marsha Rosenbaum of
the Lindesmith Center, that there is so much drug news, reading The San
Francisco Chronicle is often like reading High Times. The next day the
Chronicle reported that four mayors (three from the Bay area the other
from West Hollywood) urging President Clinton to stop the prosecution
of the marijuana clubs. On the following day, the Chronicle
editorialized in support of the mayors and district attorney and
against more court battles over the humane use of marijuana.

The Bay area is often portrayed as so out of touch with the rest of
America, as to be irrelevant to national culture and politics. In
reality, the Bay area has been in the forefront of change, whether on
women's rights, gay rights, environmentalism, social justice, health
care, or economic development, Bay area trends have become national
policy more often than not.

When I spoke at a rally for the Compassionate 9 -- the marijuana
dispensary operators sued by the federal government -- I emphasized two
points. First, this was a national issue. The federal government knows
that if medical marijuana distribution succeeds in the Bay area many
states will follow suit and the federal government will lose control.

Secondly, I emphasized that moral authority is on the side of
reformers, who are protecting health by allowing safe access - not
criminal access, to medicine. Reformers are following the will of the
voters, not attempting to veto their vote. The federal government and
state attorney general are propping up failed drug prohibition in ways
that make seriously ill people suffer needlessly. Prohibitionists are
clearly the ones without moral authority.

Inside the Beltway, Congress is moving to pass resolutions against
medical marijuana, an idea supported by over 60% of the public in
national polls (In San Francisco 80% voted for Proposition 215, 78% in
Oakland). The Congressional Right is moving toward what they describe
as a World War II style drug war as the linchpin of this congressional
election year. This seems out-of-step with the public on drug issues.
They keep pursuing the drug war path as more and more of the public
recognizes the drug war cannot succeed.

For the first time in my twenty years working in drug policy, drug
warriors are less in tune with the public than reformers. The medical
marijuana issue is only one example. The Moyers TV series, while
imperfect, certainly made the point that policy makers are behind the
voters when it comes to recognizing the drug war is failing and public
health solutions are needed. Polls on medical marijuana, needle
exchange, treatment availability, education vs. prison all show support
for reform, but Congress, mired in the drug war past, continues to
pursue the same old failed strategies.

This fall will help tell us where we are. Will California Attorney
General Dan Lungren, the most outspoken opponent of medical marijuana
in the state, be elected governor? Will medical marijuana initiatives
likely to be on the ballot in six states and the District of Columbia
go in the direction of California or the resolutions of the Congress?
Will referenda in Oregon and Arizona challenging drug war legislation
on marijuana recriminalization in Oregon and overturning the 1996
Arizona initiative be successful?

Sometimes in politics, a bread and butter winning issue suddenly
becomes a political albatross and the politicians backing it become
national jokes. Southern politicians of another era who automatically
voted for Jim Crow laws and got re-elected by shouting nigger and
standing in the way of integration quickly became political
embarrassments. While a few David Dukes remain, they receive minimal
support and are anathema to mainstream politicians.

This November we'll be able to gauge public mood on the drug war as
never before. Are elected officials out of step and supporting
out-dated ideas?. If the votes go the way polls are suggesting, drug
war politicians may be becoming political embarrassments, just like
race baiting politicians. Are we about to take the first step in
transforming the "Drug War" from national policy into political history?




Medical Marijuana


Felony Charges in Pot Case

News Analysis: Medical Privacy at Issue in Pot Club Records Seizure

Pot Candidate: High Hopes, High Visibility

Medical Marijuana Enthusiast Hauled To Jail


This improbable grouping of news articles speaks volumes about the
impact of 215 in California and the savage response it has provoked
from fascists at both the state and federal levels. Three proprietors
of buyers' clubs have been charged with felonies; two are functionally
out of business, but the third, lucky enough to live in San Francisco
(See Feature Article) is not only in business, he's running for

In the most savage case of all, a chronically ill medical marijuana
advocate and user has been deliberately (and probably illegally), sent
back to jail by an inhuman federal judge who seems to have learned
justice from Torquemada and compassion from Adolf Eichmann.


Ukiah--Yvette Rubio, the woman arrested last fall for growing marijuana
she said was for the Ukiah Cannabis Buyers' Club, has been charged with
felony counts of possession and cultivation of marijuana for sale.

Rubio, 31, is scheduled to be arraigned Monday in Northern Lake County
Municipal Court. If convicted, she could be sentenced to three years in
state prison.

In September, authorities seized 51 plants from Rubio's property, which
is on the western border of Lake County.


Source: Santa Rosa Press Democrat
Contact: letters@pressdemo.com
Pubdate: Thu, 2 Apr 1998
Author: Andrew LaMar Press Democrat Bureau
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n243.a04.html



Civil liberty groups, doctors denounce San Jose police raid

It is one of an AIDS patient's worst nightmares: Medical records
bearing the intimate details of illness are seized by police and pored
over by strangers.

Last week, (1) it happened in San Jose to some 270 patrons of the Santa
Clara County Medical Cannabis Center, a club that provides marijuana to
chronically ill patients under the rules established by Proposition 215.


(1) (Note- The March 25 San Jose Mercury-News report of CBC operator
Peter Baez's arrest on felony charges was commented on in last week's
DS Weekly)

Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Thu, 2 Apr 1998
Author: Sabin Russell, Chronicle Staff Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n239.a02.html



SAN FRANCISCO--Here's one way the nation's best-known marijuana
distributor campaigns to be the Republican candidate for governor: He
goes to court. Actually, he is taken to court. As a defendant. For
distributing marijuana to the ailing. And one of the people who keeps
dragging him there is none other than his most powerful opponent in the
California gubernatorial race.

Dennis Peron--a chain-smoking, pot-toking, commune-living, gay,
vegetarian, Buddhist Vietnam veteran--is trying to make life miserable
these days for Dan Lungren, state attorney general, presumptive
Republican nominee for governor and none of the above.


Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 3 Apr 1998
Author: Maria L. La Ganga, Times Staff Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n243.a02.html



Los Angeles (AP) - Medicinal marijuana activist Todd McCormick was
ordered back to jail Friday for violating bail by failing drug tests
three times this month.

"Your honor, putting me in jail will serve no one," McCormick said
through tears to U.S. Magistrate Judge James McMahon. "There is not
justice in this. I didn't use any illegal substances. I am not using

Judge Unmoved

The judge appeared unmoved by McCormick's sobs, and even refused to
allow McCormick to take his "special pillow" with him when marshals
took him into custody.

"I can't believe this," McCormick said, burying his face in his hands
as his attorney put his arms around him.

McCormick said the pillow, like marijuana, helps ease the pain of a
rare cancer he has suffered since childhood.


Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA)
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 4 Apr 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n249.a09.html




Study: Marijuana Is Addictive


This is a continuation of the bogus campaign orchestrated by Alan
Leshner, the drug war's Josef Goebbels. It began with the July 1997
publication of rat brain research purchased by NIDA and shamefully
over interpreted by Leshner- its purpose is to convince voters that
marijuana is just as dangerous as heroin, at least to teens.


WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Troubled teenagers who use marijuana can
quickly become dependent on the drug, Colorado researchers reported

More than two-thirds of teens referred for treatment by social service
or criminal justice agencies complained of withdrawal symptoms when
they stopped using marijuana, Dr. Thomas Crowley of the University of
Colorado and colleagues reported.

``This study provides additional important data to better illustrate
that marijuana is a dangerous drug that can be addictive,'' Dr. Alan
Leshner, head of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), which
paid for the study, said in a statement.

``It also identifies the devastating impact marijuana dependence can
have on young people and highlights the fact that many both need and
want help dealing with their addiction,'' he added.


Pubdate: Tuesday, March 31, 1998
Source: Reuters
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n234.a04.html




O.C. Jail Crowding Leads U.S.


Most stories about incarceration focus on conditions in the nation's
prisons. This one illustrates that local jails, which house up to 1/3
of those in custody, are not in any better shape.


Jammed local lockups are forced to release thousands of inmates early.
Hundreds are soon charged in new crimes.

Orange County has the most overcrowded jails among the 25 largest
county systems in the nation, resulting in the early release of
criminals, who sometimes are quickly arrested again for new offenses.


The five-jail system run by the Sheriff's Department is at 140 percent
of its capacity, cramming a daily average of 5,368 inmates into what
was designed to hold 3,821.

That exceeds the packed conditions in jails in New York City and Los
Angeles County, and significantly outstrips the next most overcrowded
jail system, in Atlanta's Fulton County, which is at 133 percent of its
capacity, figures from the U.S. Justice Department show.

Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 28 Mar 1998
Author: David Parrish-OCR
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n232.a05.html




ACLU Challenges Oakland Over Car-Seizure Law


Oakland, in a creative extension of the forfeiture principle, is
targeting both illegal drug customers and suburban johns. I guess a
city stuck with the Warriors, Raiders, and As, has to find revenue
wherever it can.


Ordinance lets police take autos of alleged drug buyers

A pioneering Oakland city ordinance that allows police to seize alleged
drug buyers' cars is wobbly if not flat-out baseless under California
law, the American Civil Liberties Union said yesterday, citing an
opinion by state lawyers.

But the criticism was denounced with equal intensity by one of the
city's legal advisers, who told police they can continue to enforce the
law with confidence that there is no basis on which it could be


In January, in the first test of ``Beat Feet,'' police arrested 14 drug
buyers on East Oakland streets that have long served as a regional
drive-through drug market. Police seized the suspects' vehicles -- a
move sure to discourage others from coming to town to buy drugs, the
law's backers believe.

On Friday, a police sting on San Pablo Avenue netted 17 men on
suspicion of soliciting acts of prostitution. Many of them commuters on
their way home to the suburbs, these suspects, too, were deprived of
their vehicles and subjected to the mortification of ``Beat Feet.''


Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Wed, 01 Apr 1998
Author: Rick DelVecchio, Chronicle Staff Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n237.a05.html




LTE: Response to March 11th Op-Ed; Drug-Czar Blast Hemp-Crop Advocates


This LTE confirms the remarkable arrogance of US drug policy. Prior to
the '96 vote on 215. McC was tweaked editorially for "exceeding his
credentials" after he lectured on proper medical practice in the San
Francisco Chronicle. This year, in Kentucky he's opposed to
legalization of hemp, so he persuaded the Courier-Journal to provide a
platform from which to air his non-existent expertise in agricultural


In response to your March 11th article, "Drug-czar blast hemp-crop
advocates," it is evident that Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey's contention
that "the cultivation of hemp is economically not feasible in the
United States," is merely a personal opinion. Although he says he is
open to new evidence that proves otherwise, he has consistently refused
to meet with individuals who are truly knowledgeable regarding
industrial hemp.

It seems the only real reason the cultivation of industrial hemp is not
economically feasible in the United States is simply because of the
absurd restrictions imposed by the Drug Enforcement Administration,
i.e., high barbed wire fences, 24 hour armed guards and so forth. The
reality is, the United States is the only industrialized country that
effectively prohibits the cultivation of industrial hemp.

McCaffrey's belief that industrial hemp production "would completely
disarm all law enforcement from enforcing anti-marijuana production
laws," appears to be self-serving at best, since industrial hemp is
grown commercially in every industrialized country, including our
neighbors to the north, Canada.


Source: The Louisville Courier-journal
Author: Andy Graves, President, KY Hemp Growers Co-op
Pubdate: 3 April 1998
Contact: http://www.courier-journal.com/cjconnect/edletter.htm
Website: http://www.courier-journal.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n245.a01.html


International News


Crime Kings Meet To Carve Up Europe


This may sound like a mixture of James Bond and Mario Puzo, but the
fact that it appeared in the London Times and carries an endorsement
from de Borchgrave gives it an aura of verisimilitude. Isn't it
comforting that our drug laws help make it all possible?


"Dividing Europe's spoils of crime"

IN the ancient French town of Beaune, the strange mix of nationalities
and expensive limousines escaped the notice of most residents, who were
more interested in the price of wine at a nearby auction.

Only now has the reason for an autumn gathering of Russian, Chinese,
Japanese, Italian and Colombian "businessmen" at a hotel in the heart
of Burgundy become apparent. According to newly disclosed French
intelligence reports, representatives of the world's leading organised
crime syndicates were holding a summit to discuss carving up western
Europe for drugs, prostitution, smuggling and extortion rackets.


Arnaud de Borchgrave, director of the global organised crime project at
the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in
Washington, said: "We know organised crime groups have met to carve up
the planet . . . There has been an astonishing growth in transnational
groups. The legal economy has gone global and the crime economy has
gone global as well."


Source: Sunday Times (UK)
Contact: editor@sunday-times.co.uk
Pubdate: 29 March 1998
Authors: Andrew Alderson and Carey Scott, Paris
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n249.a01.html


Canada: Stirring The Pot With New Marijuana Club

Pot Trial of MS Sufferer on Hold


In Canada, where hemp production was recently approved, Terry won the
right to use medicinal cannabis and the Constitutional challenge
by Chris Clay was a partial victory, Lynn Harichy's personal campaign
for medical marijuana is attracting increasingly favorable notice, as
these two articles attest. The postponement of her trial until
November is not seen as a setback.


TORONTO (CP) - She knows firsthand the devastating effects of having
her home raided by police searching for pot.

That's why Lynn Harichy is willing to risk going through it again.
She's started a medical marijuana club that begins distributing pot
today, providing a service she hopes will stop anyone enduring what she


Members are given a quarter ounce of organically grown marijuana a week
or one ounce a month, said Harichy.

She says she's met both Health Minister Allan Rock and Prime Minister
Jean Chretien and she believes medical marijuana will soon be available.

Derek Kent, a spokesman for Rock, declined comment on Harichy's


Source: Canadian Press
Pubdate: March 31, 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n234.a02.html



Mindful that a milestone marijuana-as-medicine case is working its
way toward the Ontario Court of Appeal this fall, a judge has
postponed the trial of London's Lynn Harichy.

Harichy, 36, was to go on trial April 27 on a single charge of
possessing marijuana, which she insists she needs to ease the
spasms and pain of multiple sclerosis.


Federal prosecutor Bill Buchner said the Crown agrees to the
adjournment sought by the defence team.

Harichy's four-day trial is now set for Nov. 17 to 19 and Nov. 23.


Source: London Free Press (Canada)
Contact: letters@lfpress.com
Website: http://www.canoe.ca/LondonFreePress/home.html
Pubdate: Thu, 2 Apr 1998
Author: Don Murray -- Free Press Court Reporter
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n238.a02.html


UK: Young Scots a Generation of Criminals

UK: Army Of Addicts Costs City 400M Pounds Each Year


There was an amazing display of tunnel vision in the March 31
Scotsman: one long article dealt with the staggering increase in
youthful prisoners, another with the equally staggering increase in
hard drug use among juveniles, yet the prison article didn't once
refer to drugs and the drug article didn't mention prisons.


One In Ten 18-Year-Olds Convicted In Court

CRIME is a young man's game, with a staggering one in ten of all
18-year-old Scottish youths convicted in the courts of serious crime in

Figures released by the Scottish Office yesterday showed how conviction
rates among 18-year-old males are more than 11 times the rate among men
over 40.


Pubdate: Tue, 31 Mar 1998
Source: The Scotsman
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com
Author: Jenny Booth, Home Affairs Correspondent
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n235.a08.html



About 400 million worth of goods are stolen every year in Glasgow to
buy supplies for the city's 10,000 hard-drug users.

The cost of the city's ever-increasing drug problem was tallied
yesterday by the Greater Glasgow Drug Action Team.


Pubdate: Tue, 31 Mar 1998
Source: The Scotsman
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com
Author: Karen McVeigh
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n235.a09.html




MSNBC maintains a UK site, which this week is featuring a fascinating
seven part look at the criminal drug market in Britain as seen through
the various eyes of dealers, customers, cops, coroners, and do-gooders.

Go to: http://news.uk.msn.com/default.asp?feature=drugs

If this link is no longer active as you're reading this, the text of
the seven articles can be found at:



The Addiction Treatment Forum Web Site (http://www.atforum.com) was updated
on April 6. New News Briefs included for April are:

- New Gene Linked To Addiction
- Drug Markets Differ Dramatically
- Hardcore Drug Use Higher Than Thought
- Needle Program Needed, AIS Panel Says
- Experts At Odds With Public Over Addiction Tx
- Accept Pain, Commit To Valuable Life - New Treatment Commands
- Doc Gets Patent for Rapid Heroin Detox
- NEURAAD Rapid Heroin Detox in Tampa
- Quest For Potent Problem-Free Pain Relief
- Researchers Discover Two New, Natural Painkillers
- Epidemic of Drug Rebound Headaches Unrecognized
- Heredity Prompts Alcoholism In Women
- Hydromorphone Under Junkies' Skin
- Inmates Need Drug Treatment, Reno Says

A free subscription to the Addiction Treatment Forum newsletter is
available at the website.



by Mark Greer



SF Chronicle circulation 518,000
Ad value $1,243

I'd like to make a few points to all those who are frustrated and want to
help bring about reform. Writing a letter to the editor is an excellent way
to take action that really can make a big difference. Especially when
combined with the efforts of thousands of others letter writers.

Sometimes we can take our individual efforts and successes for granted
because we are getting to where we see published reform LTEs in major
papers on a near daily basis but think about what Redford has done in the
letter below. Half a million people may have read this letter. It may have
made them think, or may have encouraged them to get active in reform or it
may simply have sent the message that status quo thinking may be flawed.

How many of us can afford to contribute $1,200 to reform in a given year?
Givens and hundreds of others have essentially taken out "ads" on behalf
the reform movement in the form of published letters. The value of these
letters is an impressive return on the time invested and both benefits the
entire reform movement and influences the media to give more attention to
reform issues.

What better way can the average reform minded person invest some time than
to browse through the DrugSense Weekly or the news archive, find an article
that gets them motivated and write a letter. If every reformer who receives
this post took that simple action once a week _No Matter What_ the
cumulative results would be nothing short of amazing.

Just DO it - It's FUN and it really makes a difference.

>At 10:35 PM 4/6/98 -0700, rgivens@sirius.com wrote:
>Pub: April 6, 1998
>Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com


Editor -- The police raid on the patient files of the
San Jose cannabis club is typical of the treachery
of narcotics enforcement. The San Jose
narcomaniacs have already reneged on their
agreement to respect the right of patients to
medical marijuana without police interference
under Proposition 215. The drug war is a colossal
failure and blaming medical marijuana for the
failure of Reefer Madness law enforcement to
stop drug use is the biggest of lies. Drug
prohibition is a catastrophe that has always
caused more trouble than it is worth. When these
marijuana madmen insist on depriving the sick
and dying of a valuable medicine they violate
fundamental human rights and go too far.


San Francisco



In a column by Jack Anderson in the Washington Post, June 24, 1972, p.31,
Mr. Ingersoll had this to say about the subject of legalization....

"Not only are we here to protect the public from vicious criminals in the
street but also to protect the public from HARMFUL IDEAS." (Emphasis added)

Robert Ingersoll...then Director of the Bureau of Narcotics and
Dangerous Drugs. (In 1974 he became the first Director of the DEA.)

Submitted by Erik Skidmore

Or how about this one from Newt Gingrich at the President's Day Republican

"Totalitarianism is when people believe they can punish their way to

Submitted by Donald Topping


DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our
members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for

COMMENTS Editor: Tom O'Connell (tjeffoc@drugsense.org)
Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (mgreer@drugsense.org)

We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks.


In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.


Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug
related issue to editor@mapinc.org


DrugSense provides this service at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE.

We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are
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d/b/a DrugSense



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