Portland NORML News - Friday, June 26, 1998

The Government's War On Marijuana Is As Dishonest As It Is Lacking
In Scientific Legitimacy (A Physician's Letter To The Editor
Of 'The San Mateo County Times' Responds To The Newspaper's Editorial
Blaming California's Medical Marijuana Supply Problem On 'The Antics
Of Arrogant, Confirmed Potheads')

Date: Sat, 04 Jul 1998 19:32:12 -0400
To: maptalk@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE in San Mateo County Times
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: tjeffoc@sirius.com (Tom O'Connell)
Pubdate: 26 Jun 1998
Source: San Mateo County Times
Contact: feedback@smctimes.com
Website: http://www.smctimes.com/

The present status of medical marijuana is disgraceful, but hardly a
stalemate- "shambles" is far more apt. Nearly everywhere in the
state, legitimate patients must either go without a uniquely helpful
medicine or risk the criminal market.

Why blame the "antics of arrogant, confirmed potheads" and not the
intransigence of federal and state law enforcement officers, who from the
outset, have insisted that marijuana couldn't possibly be a legitimate
therapeutic agent?

To claim that "government authorities have almost no choice but to shut
down such organizations because of their behavior" is both illogical and

Whatever the "antics" of the San Francisco Buyers Club, they were not a
reason to penalize legitimate patients. Besides, if you'll check news
sources, you will find that cooperative clubs and patients have been
subjected to felony prosecutions throughout the state, from Mendocino to

Your statement that "there is not one completed scientific study on the
medicinal values of marijuana" is simply untrue.

There is an extensive medical literature attesting to the safety and
efficacy of marijuana in a variety of conditions. True, there are no double
blind controlled studies (extremely difficult to design for a smoked agent
with a characteristic aroma). There are also no recent studies for the
simple reason that for over fifteen years, NIDA has stubbornly refused to
approve release of marijuana for human study.

The government's war on marijuana is as dishonest as it is lacking in
scientific legitimacy. Sincerely,

Dr. Thomas O'Connell, San Mateo

Teen Abortions, Birthrates Both Falling, US Says (An 'Associated Press'
Article In 'The Los Angeles Times' Notes A Fortunate Social Development
That Occurred Without Any Prohibitions On Adult Behaviors)

Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 22:25:59 EDT
Errors-To: manager@drcnet.org
Reply-To: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz
Originator: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn)
To: Multiple recipients of list 
Subject: Teen pregnancy news and drug policy

This story from today's LA Times provides more evidence that emotionally
charged problems of adolescence are best addressed by public-health,
non-punitive policies. Imagine the impact if teen pregnancy were
criminalized! Implications of this welcome news for drug policy are obvious
and IMHO should be widely pointed out in our letters and discussions. We'd
probably see many more such headlines for teen drug if public-health-based
drug control measures were to replace (not just supplement) law enforcement
approaches. As somebody said, get Dirty Harry out of the way and let Mother
Theresa do her thing!


Friday, June 26, 1998

Teen Abortions, Birthrates Both Falling, U.S. Says
From Associated Press

WASHINGTON--Fewer teenagers are having abortions, with
rates dropping even faster than falling teen birthrates in
nearly every state.

The combination pushed the teen pregnancy rate down coast to
coast, the government said Thursday.

The report analyzed data from 42 states and the District of
Columbia and found that pregnancy rates for females ages 15 to 19
dropped everywhere between 1992 and 1995. Abortion rates
dropped in every reporting state but Maine, Ohio and Oregon.
Twenty-six states reported declines in abortion rates of 15% or
higher, whereas just four states had birthrates that dropped so

The report makes it clear that falling teen birthrates cannot be
attributed to an increase in abortions. In fact, in every state that
reports data, fewer teens are getting pregnant in the first place, the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.

The major reasons: less sex and greater use of birth control,
officials said. Still, nearly 1 million teenage girls become pregnant
each year, and more than 200,000 girls have abortions.

A pregnancy rate combines a state's birth and abortion rates,
along with an estimate of miscarriages and stillbirths.

Some large states--California, Illinois and Florida--do not track
the pregnancy rate.

Search the archives of the Los Angeles Times for similar stories. You will
not be charged to look for stories, only to retrieve one.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

DARE Program Disappointing (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel' From A Parent Of DARE Students
Believes DARE 'Does Encourage Kids To Try Drugs And Alcohol,
While At The Same Time . . . Condemning Everyone Else For Drug
And Alcohol Use')

Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 10:20:56 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US WI: PUB LTE: DARE Program Disappointing
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI)
Contact: jsedit@onwis.com
Fax: (414) 224-8280
Website: http://www.jsonline.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998


I agree with the Shorewood school district wanting to drop the DARE
program. I had three of my children go through DARE in Waukesha, and I was
very disappointed with the program, not to mention the poor attitudes my
children had when they finished the program.

I believe that DARE does encourage kids to try drugs and alcohol, while at
the same time this program has the kids condemning everyone else for drug
and alcohol use. This is almost a double standard.

I really think that the program should either be done away with completely
or severely cut down to two or three weeks instead of 13 weeks.

Rose Jones, Waukesha

Who Caused Drug Prohibition Trouble? (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Standard-Times' In New Bedford, Massachusetts, Says It's Incorrect
To Blame The Havoc Attributed To Illegal Drugs On Traffickers, Asking,
'Is It Not Obvious That The Government Created Them When It Abdicated
Its Responsibility For The Regulation Of Certain Drugs, Just As It Created
The Bootleggers' Market When It Prohibited Alcohol In The '20s?)

Date: Wed, 1 Jul 1998 12:17:58 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US MA: PUB LTE: Who
Caused Drug Prohibition Trouble?
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project
Newshawk: John Smith
Source: Standard-Times (MA)
Contact: YourView@S-T.com
Website: http://www.s-t.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 26 June 1998


Re: "There's no apparent value in repeating the Drug Watch experiment," by
editor Ken Hartnett (June 22):

Thank you, Ken Hartnett, for a very informative report. I hope you will
permit me to take issue with you on one crucial point.

You share Jim Ragsdale's rage at drug trafficking, "what it did, and
continues to do, to this city", laying the blame at the door of the drug
barons and importers. But you omitted to tell us who created the drug

Is it not obvious that the government created them when it abdicated its
responsibility for the regulation of certain drugs, just as it created the
bootleggers' market when it prohibited alcohol in the '20s?

Prohibition of the drug alcohol entailed chronic corruption and social
disruption bordering, in cities such as Chicago and New York, on complete

How is it that we have no problem of black market alcohol in the nation's
schoolyards? Because the government took the distribution and regulation
out of the hands of the bootleggers.

In my view, as long as that unholy trinity -- police, press and politicians
-- continue to march in lock-step providing scare stories, Prohibition will
remain in place, and our schoolgrounds and inner cities, I fear, will
continue to be inundated with drugs.

Let the government re-assume its responsibilities for the regulation of all
drugs and your friendly neighborhood pusher will find himself unable to
make ends meet. He will gradually disappear, the distribution network will
collapse, and our schools will no longer be invaded by pushers and
policemen with sniffer dogs.

PAT DOLAN Vancouver, B.C.

Demonstrator Right To Push For Freedom (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Centre Daily Times' In Pennsylvania Supports Retired Penn State
Professor Julian Heicklen For Protesting Marijuana Prohibition)

Subj: PUB My first letter published!
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 1998 13:33:46 -0700

Demonstrator right to push for freedom

I am writing to express my unequivocal support for the actions of
retired Professor Julian Heicklen in his efforts to battle the horribly
unjust laws against the use of marijuana.

I hope everyone understands that Heicklen is taking these actions not
because he cares about marijuana, but rather because he cares about
freedom. Not having learned our lesson from the tragic results of this
nation's first prohibition, we are now repeating this mistake on an even
grander scale. Thousands of deaths and millions of ruined lives have
been caused by our second prohibition.

The freedoms and rights of everyone have been greatly diminished through
such new procedures as asset forfeiture (where the police have the right
to legally rob the houses, cars and life savings of people who are not
convicted of any crime) no-knock warrants, roadblocks, wiretaps -- the
list goes on and on and gets longer every day.

Heicklen has offered his reputation to help bring about an end to these
great injustices. Everyone who cares about freedom should stand in
support of him and go to the rallies to demand his liberty.

John Wanless
Morganton, North Carolina


At 03:52 PM 6/26/98 -0400, John Wanless wrote:

I wanted to share with you my first letter that I got published. It is
in the on-line version (I'm not sure if it got in the print version or
not) of the Centre Daily Times (Central Pennsylvania-today's edition
6-26-98). This is the paper that serves the area around Penn State
where Prof. Julian Heicklin is carrying out his protest.

This is a copy of the letter:

John Wanless
Morganton, N.C.

The URL for today's Letters at the on-line site is:

I hope you can use it at MAP. I can't tell you how much I admire and
appreciate your efforts.

Yours in unity for reform,

John Wanless

Youths Using More Heroin, Pot, US Says ('The Chicago Tribune' Says That,
Two Weeks Before The Clinton Administration Launches A Five-Year,
$2 Billion Anti-Drug Media Campaign, The White House Drug Czar, General
Barry McCaffrey, Said Thursday That Marijuana And Heroin Use Is Increasing
Among Young People, Citing Its Own Unquestioned Semi-Annual 'Pulse Check'
Statistics That The Newspaper Didn't Even Bother To Quote)
Link to earlier story
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 1998 22:35:03 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service (mapnews@mapinc.org) From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Youths Using More Heroin, Pot, U.S. Says Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (theyoungfamily@worldnet.att.net) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: tribletter@aol.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: 26 June 1998 Author: Katherine Tang YOUTHS USING MORE HEROIN, POT, U.S. SAYS WASHINGTON -- Two weeks before the Clinton administration plans to launch a five-year, $2 billion anti-drug media campaign, the White House drug czar on Thursday reported that marijuana and heroin use is increasing among young people. Marijuana, used by people of all ages and economic and social groups, is on the rise among junior high school students, said Barry McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy. Although most heroin users are older, chronic users who inject the drug, the number of new, younger users who inhale or smoke it is increasing, he reported. The Office of National Drug Control Policy released its semi-annual Pulse Check describing trends in drug use as reported by ethnographers, drug treatment centers and law enforcement authorities around the country. According to the study, the price of heroin is going down as its purity is going up, enabling users to inhale or smoke it instead of injecting it. Alan Leshner, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, attributed the rise in heroin use among youths and in suburbia and affluent communities to the erroneous belief that sniffing or smoking heroin is not as addictive as injecting it. "The biggest message in the current situation is that we need far more and far better public education about drugs and what they are and what they actually do," Leshner said, using the spread of heroin as an example. "Misunderstanding and ignorance about drugs, frankly, is killing us." The campaign starting July 9th includes ads on television, radio, the Internet and in newspapers.

High Court Thumps Repeat Offenders ('The Associated Press'
Says The US Supreme Court Ruled Friday That The Constitutional Protection
Against Being Tried Twice For The Same Crime Does Not Protect
Convicted Criminals From A Second Sentencing Proceeding In Non-Capital
Punishment Cases - In Effect Endorsing The Use Of California's
'Three Strikes' Law Against Yet Another Marijuana Offender)

Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 22:33:03 EDT
Errors-To: manager@drcnet.org
Reply-To: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz
Originator: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn)
To: Multiple recipients of list (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Subject: High Court Thumps Repeat Offenders

Another chink in the tottering U.S. Constitution dealt by the Supreme Court
in the name of the (un)holy war on drugs. Insult to injury that the
offending substance was cannabis.

Friday June 26 2:26 PM EDT

High Court Thumps Repeat Offenders

LAURIE ASSEO Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - The constitutional protection against being tried twice
for the same crime does not protect convicted criminals from a second
sentencing proceeding in non-capital punishment cases, the Supreme Court
ruled Friday.

The 5-4 ruling in a case involving California's ``three strikes'' law makes
it easier for states to impose stiffer sentences on repeat criminals.

The justices said California prosecutors can try a second time to convince a
court to impose an enhanced sentence on a Pomona man who was convicted of
selling marijuana.

The man argued unsuccessfully that once an appeals court ruled his prior
conviction for assault could not be used to enhance his sentence for the
marijuana crime, prosecutors could not seek a retrial of that issue.

The Constitution's Fifth Amendment says people cannot be prosecuted twice
for the same crime.

``Many states have chosen to implement procedural safeguards to protect
defendants who may face dramatic increases in their sentences'' for being a
repeat offender, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote for the court. ``We do
not believe that because the states have done so, we are compelled to extend
the double jeopardy bar.''

Angel Jaime Monge's sentence for his 1995 conviction was doubled because his
marijuana conviction was deemed a ``second strike'' - he had been convicted
of assault with a deadly weapon in 1992.

California's 1994 three strikes law calls for doubling the prison sentence
for second convictions and results in sentences ranging from 25 years to
life in prison for a third felony.

A state appeals court upheld Monge's marijuana conviction, but threw out his
doubled sentence, saying there was insufficient proof that he used a
dangerous or deadly weapon during his 1992 crime.

The appeals court also barred prosecutors' attempt to retry that aspect of
the previous case. To do so would violate the protection against double
jeopardy, it said.

But the California Supreme Court cleared the way for such a retrial by
ruling that the double-jeopardy protection does not apply in such
circumstances. On Friday, the nation's highest court agreed Friday.

The Supreme Court previously has ruled that double-jeopardy protection does
apply in death-penalty cases. In 1981, the court said states cannot seek the
death penalty in a second sentencing after a defendant's first jury declined
to impose a death sentence.

But O'Connor said death penalty cases have ``unique circumstances'' and
noted the court generally has ruled that double-jeopardy protections do not
apply to other sentencing proceedings.

Her opinion was joined by Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist and Justices
Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Stephen G. Breyer.

Dissenting were Justices John Paul Stevens, Antonin Scalia, David H. Souter
and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Scalia wrote for himself, Souter and Ginsburg that the extra sentence for
Monge seemed to be ``attributable to conviction of a new crime'' and
therefore should qualify for double-jeopardy protection.

The California sentencing law ``is full of sentencing enhancements that look
exactly like separate crimes and that expose the defendant to additional
maximum punishment,'' Scalia said.

High Court OKs Stiff 'Three-Strikes' Sentences
('San Francisco Examiner' Version)

From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: "MN" (mapnews@mapinc.org)
Subject: MN: US: CA: High Court Oks Stiff "3-Strikes' Sentences
Date: Sun, 28 Jun 1998 16:54:16 -0500
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Pubdate: June 26, 1998
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Author: Victoria Colliver, Emelyn Cruz Lat and Eric Brazil


Tough-on-crime law does not constitute double jeopardy

The Supreme Court sharpened the teeth of California's "three strikes" law
Friday, making it easier for states to stiffen sentences for repeat
offenders based on past crimes.

In a decision hailed by the law's author and criticized by San Francisco's
chief deputy public defender, the justices ruled, 5-4, that the
constitutional protection against being tried twice for the same crime does
not apply to sentencing proceedings in non-death penalty cases.

Therefore, the court said California's tough-on-crime three strikes law can
be used to double what would have been a Pomona man's five-year prison term
for selling marijuana.

The court reached the same decision in the case as did the California
Supreme Court in 1997. It does not apply to death penalty cases.

"This is a really huge decision, not just for three strikes, but for law
enforcement throughout the country," said Mike Reynolds of Fresno, author of
the law.

"It could have been catastrophic if it had come down against us," said
Reynolds, whose 18-year-old daughter was murdered by two repeat offenders in

Twenty-three states have adopted similar laws since California's three
strikes measure went on the books in March, 1994, and a contrary decision
would have triggered "a mass exodus of criminals throughout the country," he

The defendant in the case decided by the Supreme Court had argued that once
an appeals court ruled his prior conviction could not be used to increase
his sentence, prosecutors could not seek a retrial of that issue.

Peter Keane, chief deputy public defender for San Francisco, did not share
Reynolds' jubilation.

"It's a reflection of how three strikes laws in general have eaten away at
many constitutional rights. The U.S. Supreme Court has taken protections
related to double jeopardy and has driven a hole through that protection,"
Keane said.

The decision was "unfortunate but not surprising," in view of recent Supreme
Court decisions in cases involving three strikes laws, he said.

It does not change the way the three strikes law is used in California,
rather "it ratifies what prosecutors have been doing."

Perhaps the greatest impact will be felt in other states, he said.

"It opens the doors to stiffer sentences," Keane said. "If other states
adopt three strikes laws, they would not have to put up with the kinds of
legal fights California has put up with in order to sustain its
constitutionality. The California Attorney General, with the U.S. Supreme
Court's blessing, has blazed a path for them."

In writing for the court, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor said "many states have
chosen to implement procedural safeguards to protect defendants who may face
dramatic increases in their sentences . . . We do not believe that because
the states have done so, we are compelled to extend the double jeopardy

Angel Jaime Monge's sentence for his 1995 conviction was doubled because his
marijuana conviction was deemed a second strike - he had been convicted of
assault with a deadly weapon in 1992.

California's 1994 three strikes law results in sentences ranging from 25
years to life in prison for third felony convictions, and calls for a
doubling of the prison sentence for second convictions.

A state appeals court upheld Monge's marijuana conviction but threw out his
doubled sentence after ruling there was insufficient proof that he had used
a dangerous or deadly weapon during his 1992 crime.

The appeals court also barred prosecutors' attempt to retry that aspect of
the previous case. To do so, the appeals court said, would violate Monge's
constitutional protection against being tried twice for the same crime. The
Constitution's Fifth Amendment bars such double jeopardy.

The state Supreme Court, however, cleared the way for just such a retrial by
overturning the appeals court's ruling and stating that the double-jeopardy
protection does not apply in such circumstances.

In Friday's ruling, the nation's highest court said the state Supreme Court
was correct.

O'Connor noted the high court has previously ruled that double-jeopardy
protection does apply in death-penalty cases. The court ruled in 1981 that
states cannot seek the death penalty in a second sentencing proceeding after
a defendant's first jury declined to impose a death sentence.

But O'Connor said death penalty cases have unique circumstances and said
that the court generally has ruled that double-jeopardy protections do not
apply to sentencing proceedings.

Her opinion was joined by Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Justices
Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Stephen Breyer.

Dissenting were Justices John Paul Stevens, Antonin Scalia, David Souter and
Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

1998 San Francisco Examiner Page A 1

Physicians Own Tons Of Tobacco, While Warning Of Smoking Risks
(An Original Database Search By 'The Associated Press' Shows That Hundreds
Of Doctors In 23 States Control Production Of More Than Seven Million Pounds
Of Tobacco Worth $13 Million)

Date: Mon, 29 Jun 1998 00:49:12 -0700
From: Paul Freedom (nepal@teleport.com)
Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots
To: Cannabis Patriots (cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com)
Subject: CanPat - Physicians Own Tons of Tobacco,
While Warning of Smoking Risks
Sender: owner-cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com

JUNE 26, 10:02 EDT

Physicians Own Tons of Tobacco, While Warning of Smoking Risks

Associated Press Writer

RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) - Hundreds of doctors across the country own
and profit from tons of tobacco, despite decades of health warnings, scolding
from peers and in some cases their own ethical reservations.

They're family practitioners who warn teen-agers not to smoke, psychiatrists
who treat addiction, oncologists who identify malignant tumors and surgeons
who remove them.

One tobacco-owning doctor was a longtime regional medical director for the
American Cancer Society. Another runs a public health department. A third
writes a newspaper's health tips column.

Almost none smoke themselves.

``I won't smoke,'' says Stephen Jackson, an orthopedic surgeon in
Paducah, Ky., who co-owns the government rights to grow 1,400
pounds of burley tobacco a year. ``I mean, it will kill you.''

All tell their patients not to smoke or chew tobacco.

``I get mad with them, fuss at them every day,'' says Richard Rush, a
family practitioner from Conway, S.C., with more than 11,000 pounds of
flue-cured tobacco allotted to his farm.

Nonetheless, they are among at least 760 doctors and other health care
workers who own valuable federal tobacco-growing rights, known as allotments
or quotas, according to a computer analysis by The Associated Press.
They practice in 23 states, from Florida to Alaska, Massachusetts to

Some of the doctors own minuscule government rights, as little as 21 pounds
annually; one in South Carolina has 932,000 pounds.

All told, these doctors control production of more than 7 million pounds of
tobacco - enough to make 193 million packs of cigarettes a year. They also
grow nearly 290,000 pounds of the varieties of leaf used in chewing tobacco
and cigar wrappers.

At last year's sales prices, their leaf would be worth $13 million - although
a large portion of that goes to family members, sharecroppers and those who
lease much of the crop.

For professionals who have taken an oath not to do harm, those numbers are
``shocking and disappointing,'' medical ethicist Arthur Caplan says.

``I think you just cannot argue that you're going to make money on the back
of this obvious health menace,'' says Caplan, director of the Center for
Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania. ``To own and farm and produce
tobacco as a doctor, especially in small communities, sends a resoundingly
wrong message.''

The fact that many of these doctors grew up in those small communities is
often their reason for being involved in tobacco. Even so, some are uneasy
about it.

Dr. Edwin Norris has no doubt that a three-pack-a-day habit hastened his
father's death at age 53 from coronary disease. And the Mountain City, Tenn.,
general practitioner and cosmetic surgeon has little doubt that tobacco
produced under his 1,925-pound quota is harming other people's fathers.

``Even though it's legal,'' Norris says, ``we're still responsible for some
of the effects of it.'' His explanation for keeping the tobacco: Neighbors
who actually raise it for him need the poundage to make a living.

Other physicians bought their farms as investments and acknowledge
tobacco proceeds contribute to their wealth.

Although they may only get a nickel to 15 cents a pound for leasing their
tobacco rights to farmers, quotas help pay mortgages and add to the land's
assessed value. With talk in Washington about possible $8-a-pound federal
tobacco buyouts some day, the leaf could constitute an even more valuable

``I'm too greedy,'' George Burrus, a cardiovascular surgeon in Nashville,
Tenn., says when asked about his decision to keep his 6,500-pound quota,
even though he says he knows tobacco is ``killing people.'' He clears about
$4,000 a year from leasing his leaf.

``I don't worry about it enough to (sell out) since I don't feel like, say,
the guy that's raising dope.''


The AP identified these doctors by cross-checking a federal farm database
with medical rosters from tobacco states. To verify matches, the AP contacted
scores of physicians by telephone.

Some hung up when they heard the word ``tobacco.'' Most who stayed on the
line expressed ambivalence.

``Absolutely schizophrenic'' is how Dr. William Grigsby described the notion
of physicians growing tobacco.

``It's crazy, but I'll tell you why we do it,'' says the general surgeon from
Kingsport, Tenn., who owns about 3,700 pounds of quota. ``Almost the only
doctors who raise tobacco have grown up on the farm and have the kinfolks

One is Richard Calhoun. He was raised on a tobacco farm, and tobacco money
helped put him through college and medical school.

On Wednesdays, when other doctors hit the golf course, Calhoun dons bib
overalls and a baseball cap and drives a beat-up red flatbed truck around
his mountainside farm in western North Carolina. He raises hay, cattle,
Christmas trees and about 7,000 pounds of burley.

``Tobacco is a proud heritage for North Carolina,'' says Calhoun, who
practices in Jefferson, near the Tennessee line. ``I want to maintain that
part of my heritage.''

So while he lectures his three children - ages 9, 11 and 13 - on the ills of
smoking, he makes sure they help out on the farm.

``They're still young, but they know what it is to work in the dirt - and
that this is actually a cash crop that can be grown for farm income.''

He knows the links between the crop he grows and diseases he treats,
from cancer to heart disease. Is that inconsistent?

``I do feel that tobacco is harmful to one's health,'' Calhoun replies.
``But more importantly than that, I feel that, as citizens of the United
States, we have the freedom of choice. And I don't think that governmental
regulation should infringe upon one's ability to make choices in this

Dr. Wendell Levi Jr. agrees. In 45 years as a thoracic surgeon, he has
removed cancer-ravaged lungs, but he has little sympathy for smokers.

``If they're stupid enough to smoke, that's (their) business, I suppose,''
says Levi, a Sumter, S.C., tobacco owner. ``I've never had time to feel
guilty about something like that.''

Yes, he urges patients to quit smoking. ``But it's not very effective.''

But given the addictiveness of nicotine, quitting may not really be a
choice, as even some tobacco-owning physicians acknowledge.

William Gause, a family practitioner in Columbia, S.C., says he quit cigars
shortly before the U.S. surgeon general first warned against smoking's
health hazards. But he knows how hard it is for others to stop.

``It's easier for me to get somebody off of, say, cocaine than it is to get
them off of tobacco,'' Gause says.

Still, he says he never gave much thought to how his 3,000 pounds of
allotment, passed down through the family for three generations, might be
fueling that addiction.

``I've so many other things going right now,'' Gause says. ``I've never
really sat down to think about it. I may feel that way when I do - if I do.''

Others have thought about it - a lot.

John Patterson, family practitioner and owner of a 900-pound quota in
Irvine, Ky., has reached a moral bargain with himself.

He is the Kentucky Medical Association's liaison with two farm health
groups and says the $230 a year he earns from tobacco pays for the
gasoline he uses traveling the state trying to help farmers diversify
from burley.

``I think the question is: What is that doctor doing with that base?''
Patterson says. ``That is the way I've dealt with my ethical dilemma.''

Elizabeth Ward feels as if she's a hostage of tobacco.

Ward, a physician's assistant in Wilmington, N.C., watched two years ago as
her father slowly succumbed to smoking-related emphysema 15 years after he'd

Around the same time, Ward bought a farm from her aunt because it adjoins
her mother's property. The farmer who rents her mother's tobacco allotment
says he can continue doing so only if he can also continue renting the
tobacco on Ward's property.

``I'm a crusader against tobacco,'' Ward says between patients. ``Every day,
all day long, I talk to sick people, and a lot of their problems come from
their bad habits - and bad habits I indirectly promote.''

But her mother wants to live out her days on a working farm. So Ward keeps
her connection to the industry and takes her $300 annual share of the tobacco
lease money.

Many physicians make more than that on their tobacco.

Dr. Pickens Moyd answers several questions in a phone interview, but when
the issue turns to how much the Hartsville, S.C., surgeon earns from his 2,000
pounds of tobacco, irritation creeps into his Southern accent.

``I'll tell you what,'' he tells a reporter. ``You send me a check for half
of what I'll lose, and I'll eat the other half. ... YOU'RE not going to cough
it up to stop this cigarette thing.''

Frank Sessoms, a family practitioner in Pittsburgh who owns 2,200 pounds of
allotment on a North Carolina farm that's been in his family for generations,
also voices indignation. He's not part of some social problem, he says.

``I have a lot of patients, man, who always make excuses for themselves, for
their behavior, whether it's alcohol, cocaine, tobacco, food,'' says Sessoms,
one of 10 children of a steel mill worker. ``I'm overweight and I ain't
blaming Heinz because they make ketchup with sugar in it.

``I'm blaming me, because I'm just greedy as hell.''

The income that medical oncologist Stanley Sides of Cape Girardeau, Mo.,
makes from 3,200 pounds of tobacco grown on his farm four hours east in
Kentucky, he shares with a now-elderly neighbor who has helped tend the crop
for 25 years.

But he resents being singled out as a physician.

``You could argue that the farmers in South and North Dakota that raise
barley (for beer companies) are also contributing to a product that ... hurts
the lifestyle of many families. The issue is how far we take it.''

EDITOR'S NOTE: Allen G. Breed is the AP's Southeast regional reporter,
based in Raleigh, N.C. AP news data manager Drew Sullivan performed
computer analysis for this report.

RCMP Chief Says Lack Of Funds Means Mob `On A Roll'
('The Ottawa Citizen' Notes Royal Canadian Mounted Police Commissioner
Philip Murray Is Shilling For Money To Fight Organized Crime,
Saying Federal Police Have Been Reduced To The Regulatory Role
Of 'Putting Out Isolated Fires In A Blazing Underworld Economy')

Date: Wed, 01 Jul 1998 21:40:59 -0400
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: Canada: RCMP Chief Says Lack Of Funds Means Mob `On A Roll'
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Ottawa Citizen (Canada)
Contact: letters@thecitizen.southam.ca
Website: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/
Pubdate: Fri 26 Jun 1998
Section: News A1 / Front Page
Author: Ian MacLeod

Assessing The War On Drugs:


Organized crime in Canada is now so pervasive that police have been reduced
to putting out isolated fires in a blazing underworld economy, says RCMP
Commissioner Philip Murray.

``While we're focusing all of our limited resources on the bikers, what's
happening with the Mafia? What's happening with Asian-based organized crime
and so on?

``They're on a roll. We're not resourced to really have a serious,
concerted attack on organized crime. If we're putting all of our focus on
one group, the rest of them have a free run.''

This is the first time the country's top policeman has publicly spoken
about the scope of the problem and the consequences, as he sees them, of
not launching a full counter-offensive.

``I think this is fundamentally, an extremely, extremely important issue.
From my perspective, it's our absolute top priority,'' said Commissioner
Murray, who spoke out during a wide-ranging interview about challenges
facing the Mounties as they celebrate their 125th anniversary.

Police and government officials have for years been warning about the
growing threat posed by organized crime, which costs the Canadian economy
billions of dollars a year.

Eighteen international crime groups are estimated to be operating in the
country, involved in smuggling, fraud, drug trafficking, money laundering
and other illegal activities

In recent years, the federal government has given police expanded powers to
go after mobsters, passing laws to prevent criminals from enjoying the
proceeds of their crime and to limit gang activities, and there have been
some notable police successes, especially against smugglers.

``But we're still putting out fires,'' concedes Commissioner Murray, who
has been leading the 21,000-strong force for four years.

The top organized-crime players have ``got to come to the realization that
Canada is not a place for them to do business, and we're far from there at
the moment.

``That's going to take people, highly trained and skilled, (and) different
kinds of resources. And it's going to take a lot of money.''

If not, he warns, organized crime ``will continue to grow, so there will be
a lot greater impact on legitimate business, a lot greater impact on the
overall tax base.

``The average citizen doesn't realize how pervasive the impact of organized
crime is at the community level. Because of organized crime, we have higher
taxes. We have businesses at a competitive disadvantage because others have
used laundered money to set up their competition.

``We're a trading country, so others have to have confidence in our ability
to be able to have not only a safe society, but a secure society in the
larger sense that, if you're going to invest money here, it's going to be

``While I may sound pessimistic, I really am optimistic that this is going
to work, that there's going to be a federal-provincial co-operative effort,
that the necessary resources are going to be put in place.''

Federal Solicitor General Andy Scott met with top law-enforcement officials
in April to devise a national strategy against organized crime. He has also
promised legislation to crack down on foreign criminals laundering money in

Assessing The War On Drugs - Street Cop Says Police Exploit Crackdown
To Raise Budgets ('The Ottawa Citizen' Says That, In A Telephone Interview,
Vancouver, British Columbia, Police Constable Gil Puder Said The Fight
To Get Illegal Drugs Off The Streets Is A Losing Battle And The Only Winners
Are The Police Who Earn Big Bucks For Overtime, And Promotions For Arrests
That Accomplish Little)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: Canada: Street cop says police exploit crackdown to raise budgets
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 09:23:27 -0700
Lines: 101
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Ottawa Citizen
Contact: letters@thecitizen.southam.ca
Pubdate: Fri 26 Jun 1998
Section: News A1 / Front
Author: David Pugliese

Assessing the war on drugs:

Street cop says police exploit crackdown to raise budgets

The war on drugs is a bust, and the only winners are the police who
earn big bucks for overtime and promotions for arrests that accomplish
little, according to a veteran police officer.

Vancouver police Const. Gil Puder said the fight to get illegal drugs
off the streets is a losing battle that does little to make society
safer but a lot to keep police budgets healthy.

``It's a completely self-generating scheme,'' Const. Puder, a
decorated officer with 16 years' experience, said yesterday in an
interview from Vancouver. ``Line officers make more overtime.
Bureaucrats get bigger empires. They can then use the fear of (drug)
violence to get bigger budgets.''

He argued the police have failed in their fight against drugs in a new
article in the Fraser Forum, published by the Fraser Institute.

Const. Puder's long and respected career makes the article especially
hard-hitting. He has trained fellow officers in the use of force at
the B.C. Justice Institute and done research for B.C. Supreme Court
Justice Wallace Oppal's 1994 inquiry into policing in the province. He
has also worked on Vancouver's streets. In 1984, he shot and killed an
addict turned bank robber who was using a fake handgun.

Const. Puder believes marijuana should be legalized immediately and
that a legal and controlled drug supply should be coupled with health
and eduction programs. Law enforcement efforts in battling drugs are
``worse than useless,'' he maintained. ``They're counterproductive.''

In his article, Const. Puder wrote that, contrary to the Hollywood
image of narcotics operations, police rarely catch wealthy drug lords
living in mansions and driving expensive automobiles.

``Drug-related arrests can be very easy, with hundreds of available
identifiable targets on city streets. Arrests usually involve poor,
hungry people on street corners or in rooming houses and filth-strewn

At the same time, he argued that the drug war pays off for police,
earning them massive amounts of overtime as they wait in court to
testify in cases that have come come to trial. They quickly find that
``maximizing arrests (maximizes) earning power,'' he concludes.

He said one colleague complained that a transfer to a desk job from
drug enforcement cost him several thousand dollars in overtime. The
officer was upset because the dip in his salary forced him to cancel a

Const. Puder wrote that those officers with high arrest rates built on
drug possession quickly climb the promotion ladder. ``Careerists use
the same, often meaningless arrest statistics as performance measures
to advance their rank and salary,'' he writes.

At the same time, police drug experts have resorted to demonizing
``drug users'' and using the media to highlight ``trophy busts'' of
seized narcotics. ``Turning sick people into monsters is useful for
drug warriors since it impedes serious consideration of enforcement
alternatives,'' he wrote.

This is not the first time Const. Puder has spoken out on the issue.

In April, Vancouver police Chief Bruce Chambers tried to prevent
Const. Puder from giving a speech at a fraser Institute forum on
policing and drugs. Chief Chambers wanted Const. Puder to change the
content of his address, but the officer declined. However, Const.
Puder did remove ``Vancouver Police Department'' from his name tag to
show that his views did not represent those of the force. He inserted
a similar disclaimer in his Fraser Forum article.

He said he has not been disciplined for his views.

Chief Chambers did not respond to a request for an interview.

Const. Puder, a former SWAT team officer, said he is also concerned
about the militarization of police in fighting the drug war. ``Why is
it that those teams are being used on a daily basis, sometimes several
times a day for drug raids for marijuana?'' he asked. ``I mean, come
on. Let's wake up here.''

He said he finds its amazing that governments approve the sale of
tobacco, which kills 40,000 people a year in Canada and the sale of
alcohol, which kills 5,000 people annually. ``Yet it's a criminal
offence to have marijuana and it has never killed anybody in recorded
history,'' said Const. Puder. ``I'm sorry, but there's something wrong
with this picture.''

He isn't the first Vancouver police officer to break ranks and speak
out against the fight against drugs. In 1997, former deputy police
chief Ken Higgins, then still with the Vancouver police force, also
called for the decriminalization of narcotics possession.


Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 12:42:22 -0400 (EDT)
From: "Kelly T. Conlon" (conlonkt@mcmail.CIS.McMaster.CA)
To: mattalk@islandnet.com
Subject: Re: Canada: Street cop says police exploit crackdown
to raise budgets

On Fri, 26 Jun 1998, Matt Elrod wrote:

> Assessing the war on drugs:
> Street cop says police exploit crackdown to raise budgets

Speaking of which, the June issue of Fraser Forum has several articles
on drug reform, including a reprint of Gil's speech:



Colombia Denies Report It Will Test Herbicide ('The Dallas Morning News'
Quotes Colombian Officials Rebutting A 'New York Times' Front-Page Story
Saturday Saying The Government Would Bow To US Pressure
And Eradicate Coca Crops With Tebuthiuron)

Date: Tue, 7 Jul 1998 23:55:01 -0800
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: Colombia: Colombia Denies Report
It Will Test Herbicide
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project
Newshawk: Paul Wolf (paulwolf@icdc.com)
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998
Source: Dallas Morning News
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com
Author: Tod Robberson


BOGOTA -- Colombian officials denied a published report that said the
government had agreed to test a controversial herbicide on coca crops
despite the manufacturer's own warnings against its use.

The officials, led by Environment Minister Eduardo Verano, said in
interviews Wednesday that the Colombian government has made no such
decision regarding tests of the chemical herbicide tebuthiuron, sold
commercially in the United States under the brand name Spike.

The New York Times reported in a front-page story Saturday that the
government, bowing to U.S. pressure, had agreed to test tebuthiuron to kill
coca crops. The article contained no quotes, citations or other data to
support the assertion that testing had been approved.

The story was reprinted last weekend in several American newspapers,
including The Dallas Morning News, the Chicago Tribune and the
international edition of The Miami Herald.

Andrew Rosenthal, foreign editor of The New York Times, declined to comment
on the story or the government's response.

Mr. Verano said that the government still was reviewing preliminary studies
of the herbicide and that research teams were "deeply divided" over whether
to allow its application on Colombian soil, even under test conditions. He
added that no tests on coca crops have been approved and that the
government still must review and accept a testing design before such steps
are taken.

Mr. Verano added that, as the chief government representative on the
matter, he holds the final say on whether to conduct tests with tebuthiuron.

The National Police chief, Gen. Rosso Jose Serrano, and the director of
anti-narcotics enforcement, Col. Leonardo Gallego, have spoken in favor of
testing tebuthiuron, arguing that it can be applied to crops more
effectively and with less danger to crop-dusting pilots than the chemical
herbicide currently being used.

U.S. and Colombian scientists currently are trying to find ways that
tebuthiuron can be tested, and ultimately put into full-time use, while
allaying fears of international environmental groups that it could denude
large patches of tropical land where it would be applied.

"They are proceeding with the design of the experimental stage, and that is
where we are now," Mr. Verano said. "Tebuthiuron will not touch Colombian
soil, it will not be used on any Colombian land, until a design protocol is
submitted and approved. This has not happened."

He noted that tebuthiuron's manufacturer, U.S.-based Dow AgroSciences, had
issued a statement in April warning, "Tebuthiuron is not labeled for use on
any crops in Colombia, and it is our desire that the product not be used
for coca eradication as well."

Mr. Verano said: "This chemical could be very dangerous to the environment.
We will not agree to test it until we are absolutely certain that the tests
can be conducted safely. That is why we have not yet approved even the
design for a test."

A multidisciplinary national anti-narcotics council also has received
design plans for such a test and has agreed to the concept of testing
tebuthiuron, but the panel has not moved beyond the review stage, said
Bernardo Reina, adviser to the council's director.

"We have approved the concept of a test only. The design still must be
approved," he said. "There has been no government approval for testing to

Copyright 1998 The Dallas Morning News

11 Years For Waitress In Cocaine Plot (Britain's 'Daily Telegraph'
Says A 24-Year-Old Woman Who Is Six Months Pregnant Was Given A Sentence
Of 11 Years Yesterday While Her Older Brother Got Nine Years For Attempting
To Smuggle An Unspecified Amount Of Cocaine Dissolved In Bottles Of Rum
And Transported From New York Through Birmingham Airport)

Date: Wed, 01 Jul 1998 21:07:49 -0400
To: DrugSense News Service (mapnews@mapinc.org)
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: UK: 11 Years For Waitress In Cocaine Plot
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Martin Cooke (mjc1947@cyberclub.iol.ie)
Source: Daily Telegraph (UK)
Contact: dtletters@telegraph.co.uk
Website: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998
Author: Maurice Weaver


A 24-year-old woman who is six months pregnant was jailed for 11 years
yesterday and her older brother for nine for their part in a plan to
smuggle cocaine through Birmingham airport in bottles of rum.

Passing sentence at Wolverhampton Crown Court, Sir Andrew Watson, the
Recorder, said the sentences "should warn other young people tempted to do
what you did what the circumstances will be".

The court was told that Jason Rudd, 28, from Perry Barr, acted as a
dealer's "mule", flying to New York as a tourist to pick up the bottles of
rum in which the spirit was blended with cocaine. His younger sister,
Debbie, a waitress, from Birmingham, organised his activities.

'Outstanding' Doctor Is Jailed For Giving LSD To Party Guests
(Britain's 'Daily Telegraph' Notes The Three-Month Sentence
And End Of The Medical Career Of A 25-Year-Old Doctor
After An Off-Duty Police Constable Who Voluntarily Took The Drug
At The Doctor's Party Had A Bad Trip And Turned Him In)

From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: "MN" (mapnews@mapinc.org)
Subject: MN: UK: 'Outstanding' Doctor
Is Jailed For Giving Lsd To Party Guests
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 17:56:56 -0500
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Martin Cooke (mjc1947@cyberclub.iol.ie)
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998
Source: Daily Telegraph (UK)
Contact: dtletters@telegraph.co.uk
Website: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/
Author: Richard Savill


A YOUNG doctor convicted of supplying LSD to an off-duty police constable
and other guests at a party was jailed for three months yesterday.

Michael McKenzie, 25, described as a dedicated professional who was destined
for an outstanding career, faces being struck off the medical register.
Paisley sheriff court was told that the policeman, Alexander Robertson, 24,
suffered such extreme hallucinations after he took a small "tab" of the drug
that he dialled 999 and said he had taken an overdose.

Mr Roberston claimed that he experienced nightmarish visions of his friends
turning into werewolves and zombies. He was suspended from duty and resigned
from Strathclyde Police in advance of the trial. Mr Robertson told the court
that he had been given the drug by McKenzie, who was formerly at Glasgow
Royal Maternity Hospital before becoming a senior house officer specialising
in obstetrics and gynaecology at Sunderland Royal Hospital.

The former policeman described in court how he left the party in the early
hours of the morning and went wandering the streets. "I began to hear voices
in my head and howling like in the film An American Werewolf in London," he
said. Everyone "looked like zombies". He returned to the party where his
hallucinations became so bad that he dialled 999 and reported that he had
overdosed. Police went to the house in Paisley, and took Mr Robertson, who
said he had gone to the party last July knowing there would be drugs
available, to hospital. Mr Robertson told the court that the affair had
"devastated my life and career."

Mckenzie, of Hawkhead Road, Paisley, denied five charges of supplying the
Class A drug to others. At the close of the Crown case, two of the charges
were dropped. Finding McKenzie guilty, the sheriff, Neil Douglas, said that
although it had been difficult to distinguish fact from fantasy as Mr
Robertson recalled events, due to "the terrible consequences of what
happened to him", he had no reason to disbelieve his account and concluded
he was telling the truth.

The court heard that partygoers had shared several cannabis "joints" and
cans of beer before the police arrived and began their investigation.
McKenzie, a Glasgow University graduate, claimed that he had taken
controlled substances once in his life, when he went on holiday to Amsterdam
in 1996. He denied that any drugs, especially LSD, had been in circulation
on the night of the party.

Edgar Prais, QC, defending, said McKenzie was highly regarded by senior
staff at Sunderland Royal Hospital. He was a man of "outstanding ability and
professional excellence". Appealing for leniency, Mr Prais said McKenzie had
a lot to offer the community at large and that although he still maintained
his innocence, the conviction had "shaken him to his boots and his life to
its roots". He had resigned from his position at Sunderland.

He said McKenzie, who came from a good, respectable family, had always been
used to plaudits and had paid a heavy price. "He has learned as bitter a
lesson as anyone possibly could," said Mr Prais.

Emergency Ward Stress Led To Theft Of Drugs (Britain's 'Daily Telegraph'
Says Dr Simon Hetherington Admitted The Theft To Leicester Crown Court,
But Apparently In Part Because Of Testimony That He Was Not Impaired,
Received A Non-Prison Sanction)

Date: Wed, 01 Jul 1998 21:31:03 -0400
To: DrugSense News Service (mapnews@mapinc.org)
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Martin Cooke (mjc1947@cyberclub.iol.ie)
Source: Daily Telegraph (UK)
Contact: dtletters@telegraph.co.uk
Website: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998


A JUNIOR doctor injected himself with hard drugs stolen from his hospital
ward to help cope with the stress of his job, a court heard yesterday.

Dr Simon Hetherington, 31, admitted the theft and possession of Class AA
pethidine and diamorphine drugs last August. Leicester Crown Court heard
that Hetherington - who worked on a high pressure emergency ward - was
hooked on alcohol and hard drugs. But a former patient said the doctor had
saved his life with dedication beyond the call of duty.

The court was told that during the month after Hetherington started work on
the acute admissions Ward 33 of Leicester Royal Infirmary, consumption of
the painkiller pethidine had trebled and that of diamorphine - heroin --

Hetherington, of Leicester, took the drugs from the ward cabinet, forged
the signature of a required witness and injected himself in the doctors'
lavatories when he felt under stress, the court heard. He was found out
after ward managers noticed an increase in drug use. Records showed that
107.5 mg of pethidine and 5,725 mg of diamorphine were not accounted for by
patient charts.

Dr Michael Powers, QC, defending, said: "A young doctor, intelligent,
sensitive . . . for reasons which will never fully become apparent, finds
himself stressed personally and professionally to the point that alcohol
and then drugs are taken for relief in a crescendo."

Dr Powers said Hetherington had been struggling to make a decision over
whether to pursue further medical qualifications or find some "less
pressured" position in medicine. He said: "It is difficult to envisage the
type of stress doctors may face in these circumstances."

Hetherington became highly dependent on opiate drugs, "rapidly increasing
the number of injections he was able to take to gain relief". Dr Powers
said Hetherington was now an in-patient at a rehabilitation centre in
Maidenhead, Berks, being treated for his drink and drug problem.

He still faced a GMC hearing and whether he would be seen as a sick doctor
or a criminal doctor remained to be seen. He had also been sacked from the
hospital and was currently unemployed. Dr Powers said to the judge: "You
may feel that this is a sick doctor problem rather than a bad doctor problem."

Dr John Lee, a retired lecturer, of Loughborough, said he was a patient on
Ward 33 after being admitted close to death with severe internal bleeding
in August last year, and had awoken to find Dr Hetherington caring for him.
He said: "The word I would use to describe how he looked was knackered. But
despite being obviously exhausted he was so dedicated that he stayed with
me from 7pm until 2am. He had phone calls and refused to go to other things
because his judgment was that he could save me and he did."

Dr Lee said Hetherington returned the next morning to see how he was. He
had come forward after reading a newspaper report of the case to give
evidence on Hetherington's behalf, he said. Dr Lee said: "I realised that
this unfortunate man was the one who had treated me. I felt guilt for the
stress I had put him under. The fact that I am here is absolutely because
of his dedication."

Sentencing Hetherington, Mr Recorder Carl Gaskell said: "Normally doctors
who commit a breach of trust by stealing drugs from a hospital go to prison."

He said Hetherington had since made efforts to put his life in order. He
said: "It seems to us that there would be little point apart from
deterrence in sending you to prison". Hetherington was sentenced to 100
hours' community service on the four counts, to run concurrently and
ordered to pay UKP1500 costs.

Heroin Overdose Risk Rises After Abstinence ('Reuters' Summarizes
Tomorrow's Report In Britain's 'Lancet')

Date: Fri, 03 Jul 1998 21:35:28 -0400
To: DrugSense News Service 
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: Wire: Heroin Overdose Risk Rises After Abstinence
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family 
Pubdate: Friday, 26 June 1998
Source: Reuters


NEW YORK, Jun 26 (Reuters) -- Heroin users appear to be more susceptible to
overdose after periods of abstinence, according to a study in the June 27th
issue of The Lancet.

The findings come from analysis of drug levels in hair samples taken from
people who died of heroin overdose. "Drugs can be detected in hair tissue
weeks or months after intake," write the researchers.

These findings suggest that heroin addicts who relapse after abstaining
from the drug -- for instance, while in jail or treatment programs -- run a
higher risk of overdosing, note the authors, a team of researchers led by
Dr. Franco Tagliaro of the University of Verona in Italy.

The findings also suggest that "weekend" and occasional users run a higher
than average risk of overdosing on heroin, Tagliaro and colleagues warn.

Tagliaro's team tested the morphine content of hair samples from 37 heroin
addicts who died after overdosing on the drug. Morphine, the main active
metabolite of heroin, is taken up into hair, among other ways, via
surrounding blood vessels. Hair grows at a rate of about 1 centimeter
(almost half an inch) per month, so morphine deposits in hair can serve as
a record of drug use over time.

Tagliaro and colleagues compared the morphine content of hair from the
addicts who overdosed, with the morphine content of hair from 37 active
heroin addicts, 37 former users who had been abstinent for several months,
and 20 people who did not use the drug or other opiates.

The researchers found that the morphine content of hair from the addicts
who overdosed was similar to that of samples from the abstinent former
addicts. They found an average 1.15 nanograms (ng) of morphine per
milligram (mg) of hair in samples from the addicts who overdosed, compared
with 6.07 ng/mg in samples from active addicts, and 0.74 ng/mg in samples
from abstaining former addicts. Morphine levels in samples from people who
did not use opiates were below detectable limits, the researchers report.

The similarity between the morphine content of samples from the addicts who
overdosed and that of samples from abstaining former addicts, suggests
"that most individuals who died from heroin overdose had virtually
abstained from heroin during the 4 months preceding death," the authors write.

"Thus, the results of this hair analysis support a theory of high
susceptibility to opioid overdose after periods of intentional or
unintentional abstinence," they conclude. "This theory has been used to
explain the high number of deaths among addicts recently released from jail
or on completion of a detoxification programme."

"The results of our study should indicate to the medical staff of
detoxification programmes that there are risks inherent in relapse to
heroin intake following abstinence from the drug," they add. "In
particular, we point out the potential risk of 'opioid free' detoxification

This study appears to be the first to use hair analysis to determine the
drug use histories of people who have died from heroin overdose, the
authors write. It is difficult to determine heroin use over time using
blood tests, for example, because heroin usually disappears from the blood
very quickly.

Exactly why heroin addicts appear more susceptible to overdose after
abstinence is unclear, Tagliaro and colleagues note. It may be that
abstinence, or occasional use, leads to a lower heroin tolerance, and
consequently, to "a corresponding decrease in the size of a fatal dose."
SOURCE: The Lancet 1998;351:1923-1925.

Copyright 1998 Reuters Limited.

Study Reveals High Rate Of Drug Use By School Pupils ('The Scotsman'
Says A New Survey From The Forth Valley Health Board Shows That Prohibition
Has Yielded 42 Per Cent Of 16-Year-Old Pupils In Central Scotland
Using Illegal Drugs, And 49 Per Cent Drinking Alcohol In The Last Seven Days)

From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: "MN" 
Subject: MN: UK: Study Reveals High Rate Of Drug Use By School Pupils
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 17:53:50 -0500
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: shug@shug.co.uk
Pubdate: Fri, 26 Jun 1998
Source: Scotsman (UK)
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com/
Author: Derek Lambie


Almost one in two 16-year-old schoolchildren in central Scotland have tried
illegal drugs, a survey revealed yesterday.

The report, carried out by Forth Valley Health Board, showed that 42 per
cent of fourth-year pupils in its area admitted taking drugs while 49 per
cent had drunk alcohol in the last seven days.

More alarming, the figures also revealed more than one in seven youngsters
aged 11 had recently drunk alcohol.

Overall, the survey of more than 2,600 pupils aged between 11 and sixteen in
Falkirk, Stirling and Clackmannanshire highlighted a trend of increased
smoking, and alcohol and drug misuse, within schools. Health promotion
groups said the figures showed a worrying trend among pupils.

The Young Persons Lifestyle Survey was compiled by health board using
secondary pupils in first to fourth years. The children were questioned
about smoking, alcohol and illegal drugs as well as relationships, exercise
routines and diets.

The findings of the survey were presented to the health board at a meeting
chaired last week by Dr Rani Balendra, the consultant in public health

The figures showed that 26 per cent of fourth-year pupils, aged 15 or 16,
had smoked in the last seven days, while 3 per cent of first-year pupils
also smoked. One in two 16-year-olds and 15 per cent of 11-year-olds
admitted consuming alcohol within the last week.

The situation was worse among first year pupils in Clackmannanshire, where
20 per cent of 11-year-olds revealed they were drinkers.

About 40 per cent of fourth-year pupils in the Forth Valley area said they
had taken drugs, and 3 per cent of first years also admitted misuse.

Other statistics showed that one in four pupils had a boyfriend or
girlfriend, and about 20 per cent of children were afraid of being bullied.

Health officials hope to use the statistics to provide feedback and
information to individual schools on the behaviour of their pupils.

Health board officials said yesterday the figures would help them formulate
future health strategies. A spokesperson said: "Risk-taking behaviour among
young people continues to increase in Forth Valley according to the latest

"The findings raise questions about the most appropriate age group for
targeting and sustaining health education messages and they will form an
important part of future health board strategies.

"They will be used in drawing up future strategies for young people."

David Liddell, director of the Scottish Drugs Forum, blamed the rave culture
for the number of school children who were taking drugs.

He said: "It is quite concerning to see the number of youngsters taking
drugs. It reflects a general increasing trend in the last few years.

"There are many different reasons for these statistics. In recent years we
have had a rise in the whole dance culture which has tempted young people
into drugs.

"It would be even more worrying if it turned out that the youngsters taking
drugs were actually addicts or frequent users."

The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 47
(The Drug Reform Coordination Network's Original News Summary For Activists,
Including - The PRIDE Teen Survey; Drug Lords Attempted To Buy
Russian Submarine; 'Coincidences' At Pain Patient March; And An Editorial
By Adam J. Smith, 'The New L-Word')

Date: Fri, 26 Jun 1998 16:50:16 EDT
Errors-To: manager@drcnet.org
Reply-To: manager@drcnet.org
Originator: drc-natl@drcnet.org
Sender: drc-natl@drcnet.org
From: DRCNet (manager@drcnet.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (drc-natl@drcnet.org)
Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 47



(To sign off this list, mailto: listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or

mailto:drcnet@drcnet.org for assistance. To subscribe to
this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.)

(This issue can be also be read on our web site at

Dear friends:

As the 2nd quarter of 1998 roles to a close, we at
DRCNet need to call out for your help once again. While new
paying members have continued to sign up every week, we have
not yet matched during this quarter the rate of growth that
we had last quarter. We need 43 new paying members by the
end of the month, Tuesday, to keep pace. The more of you
vote for DRCNet by officially joining, the more our major
funders will feel that their financial support is matched by
your participation and enthusiasm. We are hopeful that the
right level of support will enable us to grow our current
6,000 person subscription list by orders of magnitude,
creating a potent political force capable of shifting the
political tides in our favor. Will you cast a vote today
for DRCNet and the movement?

If you are already a DRCNet supporter, please consider
renewing your support. We need your help too, for the
following reason: While we have just about recovered from
our fundraising shortfall at the end of last year (partly
due to your generous support last quarter), our situation is
still tenuous. We have enough money in the bank to last us
perhaps another four weeks. This is a tremendous
improvement, but still a tight enough situation to make it
difficult for us to plan and take advantage of all the
opportunities with which we are presented. Don't
underestimate how quickly your $10, $20, $50 and $100 and
others checks can add up to give the organization a
tremendous boost. In the world of reform, your vote for
DRCNet counts.

To make a donation online with our encryption-secured
web form, visit http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html, and
make sure to follow the link to the encrypted version (https
at the beginning of the URL). You can also use this form to
prepare a printed statement with which to send in a check;
this will help us process your information more quickly.
Or, send your check or money order, $25 for full membership
and $10 for "virtual" e-mail only membership to: DRCNet,
2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Please
note that contributions to DRCNet are not tax-deductible.

If you're not sure whether you want to donate to DRCNet
at this time, maybe the following selection of some of our
recent media highlights will help you make up your mind.
And then, of course, on to this week's news.

* January, 1997: The Utne Reader lists DRCNet as a source
of information on medical marijuana.

* March 13, 1998: Adam Smith appears on the CBS National
Radio Network, discussing parents talking to kids about drug

* March 28, 1998: Adam Smith quoted in The Economist,
discussing the plight of low level crack cocaine offenders
and the criminal justice system.

* April 18, 1998: David Borden's letter to the editor
appears in The New York Times, replying to A.M. Rosenthal's
attack on the drug policy reform movement.

* April 20, 1998: NBC's Oklahoma affiliate airs clipping
of Adam Smith's speech at the Will Foster rally. Also, Adam
is interviewed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation for
a program coming out in September.

* April 28, 1998: DRCNet web site appears on PBS
Frontline's "Busted: America's War on Marijuana." DRCNet
pops up three times throughout the one hour show, on
computer screens in the homes of at least two different
interviewees. Also, the program's web site at
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/dope links to
Adam's Reason article on the Foster case.

* May, 1998: Infinity Press in Oklahoma runs "The Broken
Heartland: The Will Foster Story," describing Adam Smith's
speech at the Will Foster rally as well as the Foster case

* Spring, 1998: ACLU Member Newsletter includes DRCNet in
a short list of reform web sites.

* June, 1998: Mike Gray's "Drug Crazy" is released by
Random House. David Borden, DRCNet board member Cliff
Schaffer, and DRCNet itself are prominently featured on
pages 203-204 and throughout the appendix of Internet

* June/July, 1998: Eye Magazine features DRCNet in its
"Fringe Notes" section.

* June 29, 1998: WAMU 88.5 FM, the largest Washington, DC-
area National Public Radio affiliate, to run a 2 1/2 minute
commentary by David Borden, supporting heroin maintenance,
at 7:06 and 9:06 AM.

* July, 1998: High Times runs Adam Smith's article,
"Activism Online: The Revolution Will Be Wired."

Also coming up: We are planning to release a special new
section of our web site next month, that we are hoping will
be something of a sensation and get some press -- one
notable media outlet has already agreed to cover the story.
We can't tell you what it is yet, but let's just say that
the other side won't like it. And more exciting web site
updates will follow shortly after that.

Thank you for being a part of DRCNet. Together we will
change the world.

David Borden
Executive Director



1. German Police Call for an End to the Drug War

2. PRIDE Teen Survey

3. U.S. Pressures Colombia to Spray Dangerous Herbicide in
Eradication Efforts

4. Pastrana Elected President of Colombia

5. California Legislature to Debate Measure Providing
Medical Marijuana Distribution By Local Communities

6. Professor Julian Heicklen in Jail

7. FEDS: Drug Lords Attempted to Buy Russian Submarine

8. First Amendment Rights of Alternative Media Threatened
in Austin (TX)

9. "Coincidences" at Pain Patient Rally

10. EDITORIAL: The New "L-Word"


1. German Police Call for an End to the Drug War

Twelve German Police Chiefs joined medical experts and
politicians last week (6/16) in calling for an end to the
drug war, while a survey of members of Parliament showed
support for a new direction on drug policy across the
political spectrum.

Dr. Ingo Flenker, a member of the board of the Federal
Chamber of Doctors, told The Guardian (UK) on 6/17, "The
Social Democrats, Greens, and Liberal Free Democrats have
long been signaling that they would welcome a change in
drugs policy." Gerhard Schroeder, a Social Democrat, is the
heavy favorite to win the Chancellor's seat in September's
national elections.

Dierk Schitzler, Bonn's Police Commissioner, told the
gathering, "Even if we had four times as many police
officers, we could not solve the drug problem. We would
only push the prices up and the dealers will make even
bigger profits. Humanity dictates that we should help
addicts, who are sick people."

The cities of Frankfurt, Cologne, Karslruhe, and Hanover
have applied for heroin trials following the Swiss model.
"This is almost like a breaking of dams," was the
interpretation of Richard Edgeton, the federal secretary of
the Germany AIDS-Hilfe regarding the spirit of drug policy
reform flowing throughout the nation.


2. PRIDE's Numbers
- Rob Stewart, Drug Policy Foundation

On Thursday, June 18, the nonprofit Parents' Resource
Institute for Drug Education (PRIDE, www.prideusa.org)
released its annual, end-of-the-school-year surveys of
adolescent drug use and gun possession.

PRIDE president Thomas Gleaton, top White House drug advisor
Barry McCaffrey, and senators Paul Coverdell (R-GA), Charles
Grassley (R-IA), and Joe Biden (D-DE) took part in the
Capitol Hill press conference. The bipartisan group
announced that the students overall reported a decrease in
illegal drug use, including alcohol and nicotine. But the
11th PRIDE survey found that some of the older students, in
particular 12th graders, reported slight but statistically
significant increases for cigarettes, cocaine, uppers and
downers, and designer drugs (PRIDE's terms).

The survey also shows that illegal drug use is less likely
to be correlated with school activities, good grades,
parental involvement and discipline, and "religiosity."
About 30.1 percent of students said that their parents
talked with them "often" or "a lot" about drugs. PRIDE's
data reveal that, although that number is up slightly over
the previous two school years, it is somewhat lower than the
1992-93 (36.5%), 1993-94 (36.2%), and 1994-95 (33.8%) school
years -- when teen drug use was on the rise.

Gleaton's statement about the drug use survey was guardedly
optimistic. He attributed the decline in part to the 1996
presidential campaign debates and parental involvement.
Gleaton said in a statement, "We have made remarkable
progress in the past two years, but to return to drug use
levels of 1990, we would have to cut today's usage in half."

Gleaton summarized his warning for USA Today (June 19, p.
6A) as follows: "When drug use drops out of view of the
American people, that allows the bad guys to flourish
again." But, according to the White House's Summer
Pulse Check, marijuana use among hard-core users and
marginal populations is widespread in the surveyed regions.
The report states that "the majority of sources consulted
.. report an increase in young users of marijuana."

PRIDE's survey of students and guns found that the
percentage of students reporting that they carried guns with
them to school had dropped 36 percent over the last five
years -- to 3.8 percent for the 1997-1998 school year
from 6 percent during the 1993-1994 school year. PRIDE
found that the approximately 973,000 students who carried
guns to school last year were much more likely to use
illegal drugs on a monthly basis than non-gun-toting
students (64 percent v. 15 percent) and on an annual basis
(75 percent v. 27 percent).

The gun survey adds to the dark reputation of drugs. "With
this volatile mixture of guns, bad attitudes, and drugs,"
Gleaton said, "it only takes one student to create a
national nightmare like Jonesboro, Arkansas, or Springfield,
Oregon." Students gunned down fellow students in both towns
this year.

The PRIDE survey leaves the association of guns and drugs
alone. There is no explanation about the black market's
influence nor a suggestion that kids who break one set of
laws are less inclined to be stopped by other laws banning a
particular behavior.

(Rob Stewart is director of communications for the Drug
Policy Foundation, and editor of DPF's Drug Policy Letter.
You can find them on the web at http://www.dpf.org.)


3. U.S. Pressures Colombia to Spray Dangerous Herbicide in
Eradication Efforts

Dow Chemical, the makers of Tebuthiuron, warns that the
herbicide should only be used "carefully and in controlled
situations" and that "it can be very risky in situations
where terrain has slopes, rainfall is significant, desirable
plants are nearby and application is made under less than
ideal circumstances." But that is exactly what the U.S.
government has pressured Colombia to agree to do.

The warning quoted above, conditions under which
Tebuthiuron, marketed under the name Spike 20-P, should not
be used, essentially describes the terrain in which coca is
grown. American officials have long lobbied for the use of
Tebuthiuron because it comes in pellet, rather than spray
form, and can be dropped by high-flying planes, thus
reducing the risk to pilots, if not to the people on the
ground below. But Dow AgroSciences, a subsidiary of Dow
Chemical, formerly makers of the defoliant Agent Orange,
released a statement saying "Tebuthiuron is not labeled for
any use on any crops in Colombia, and it is our desire that
the product not be used for coca eradication as well."

But Dow's reluctance matters little. Their patent on the
herbicide has run out, allowing other companies to
manufacture it.

No one knows what the long-term effects of Tebuthiuron are
in groundwater or on farmland, and critics, including
Colombia's environmental minister, Eduardo Verano, question
whether such risks are worth taking with the lives of his
countrymen. "We need to reconsider the benefits of the
chemical war" he told the New York Times. "The more you
fumigate, the more the farmers plant. If you fumigate one
hectare, they'll grow coca on two more. How else do you
explain the figures?"

The plan, which was drawn up by the State Department's
acting assistant Secretary of State for international
narcotics and law enforcement affairs, calls for the
Colombian military to drop the defoliant, and then only in
the southern, rebel-controlled part of the country. The
Colombian military, long acknowledged as one of the world's
leading abusers of human rights, and more recently as
flouting civilian control by the Colombian government, has
been engaged in a 35 year-old conflict with rebel guerrillas
in the region. It is a war which they have recently
admitted they cannot win.


4. Pastrana Elected President of Colombia

In a wave of anti-corruption sentiment, Conservative
opposition candidate Andres Pastrana was elected President
of Colombia over Liberal Horacio Serpa. Serpa, the former
Interior Minister under outgoing President Ernesto Samper,
was Samper's hand-picked successor.

Serpa was an ardent defender of Samper in the wake of a
scandal in which he was accused of taking over $6 million in
campaign contributions from the Cali cartel during his
successful race against Pastrana in 1994. The
reverberations of that scandal led to the arrest and
conviction of over 30 government officials and members of
Congress. Samper was eventually absolved of wrongdoing by
the congress, in what was widely perceived as a whitewash.

Pastrana's election also paves the way for meaningful
negotiations between the government and the rebels who
control nearly 50% of the country. Late in the campaign,
Pastrana met with rebel leaders, and has repeatedly said
that a peaceful, negotiated solution is essential to
Colombia's future. Such talk would seem to fly in the face
of a burgeoning American policy towards Colombia in which an
executive order banning the sale of high-tech weapons to the
region has been lifted and the Republican-controlled
Congress has put pressure on the Clinton Administration to
send more weapons and military aid to Colombia.

Lisa Haugaard of the Latin America Working Group told The
Week Online, "Pastrana's statements have been very positive
with regard to peace and negotiations, and it's very
important that U.S. policy back those efforts. There is
certainly a window of opportunity with the momentum from the
election. And while there have been previous efforts at
peace, there are several factors that indicate that now may
be a better time. The violence has been greater, people are
tired, and there is a broader mobilization than there has
been in the past.

"But U.S. policy doesn't seem geared toward encouraging
peace. There are a number of American politicians, led by

Senator Benjamin Gilman (R-NY), who are very narrowly
focused on sending arms to fight the drug war. As a matter
of fact, just today (6/26) the approval went through for the
$36 million in helicopters. Not the Blackhawk helicopters
that Gilman seemed so intent on providing, but upgraded
Hueys." (See http://www.drcnet.org/wol/44.html#copters.)

"The violence that is taking place in Colombia is appalling.
The paramilitaries, in particular, are out of control, and
every time that the U.S. tries to do something to insure
that aid does not go into the hands of human rights abusers,
it goes awry. It's just impossible to draw those kinds of
lines down there. It will be interesting to see what kind
of a role the U.S. plays in any peace efforts. Our best
hope is that there is a debate going on within the Clinton
administration, and that those who would like to foster
peace efforts can win out over those who insist on further
arming the conflict."


5. California Legislature to Debate Measure Providing
Medical Marijuana Distribution By Local Communities

(reprinted from the NORML Weekly News, http://www.norml.org)

June 25, 1998, Sacramento, CA: The California Assembly will
debate legislation next week that authorizes local
governments to establish medical marijuana distribution
Senate Bill 1887, recently amended by sponsor John
Vasconcellos (D-Santa Clara), states that "a city ... or
county may distribute marijuana to persons in medical
need." The measure makes use of an untested provision in
the federal Controlled Substances Act that immunizes local
officials who comply with local drug laws from federal
sanctions. Supporters of the legislation anticipate this
provision to be tested in federal court.

California NORML Coordinator Dale Gieringer praised the
intent of S.B. 1887 and noted that it closely corresponds to
the approach proposed by the organization in May. "Senator
Vasconcellos is to be congratulated for offering a
comprehensive, realistic solution to the short-term medical
marijuana distribution problem," he said.

The bill also argues for federal rescheduling of the drug.
"There is widespread consensus among physicians, law
enforcement, patients, providers and other stakeholders that
the most effective solution [to the question of medical
marijuana distribution] is for the federal government to
reschedule marijuana so that it can be prescribed under the
same strict protocols as morphine and cocaine," the bill

The Assembly Health Committee will hear S.B. 1887 on


6. Professor Julian Heicklen in Jail
- Alex Morgan

Professor Julian Heicklen is in the Centre County Prison in
Bellefonte, PA, following his arrest for smoking a joint
during a demonstration outside the county court house last
Monday (6/22).

Heicklen, who has been holding weekly "Smoke Outs" at the
Penn State University Main Gate in State College since
January, moved his protest to the county seat on June 7 when
he made a speech at the county prison door before serving a
48 hour sentence for contempt of court.

The contempt sentence was imposed during a May 6 hearing on
his previous arrests. Heicklen had objected to Magistrate
Lunsford's questioning of prosecution witnesses and also the
court's decision to combine his February 12, March 19, March
26 and April 2 arrests into one case. The objection was

Heicklen declined to cross examine the police officers or
present any evidence, but he asked to read a statement into
the record. Magistrate Lunsford denied the request, saying
Heicklen was only going to repeat the statement he made
during his hearing for the February arrest. Heicklen asked
him how he knew that and then began his statement anyway.
Lunsford ordered Heicklen to stop and threatened him with a
contempt citation. Heicklen finished his statement, and
Lunsford imposed the 48 hour sentence for contempt.

On June 7, just prior to entering the county prison,
Heicklen read a long statement summarizing his struggle with
the court system and the pretrial motions he had filed with
the court. "... I made a short statement of about one
minute in length requesting indictment by a grand jury ...
Magistrate Lunsford objected to me saying anything at all on
my own behalf and found me in contempt of court. I had
thirty days to appeal the contempt citation. I could not do
so in good conscience because I am in contempt of this
court, in absolute and utter contempt. The Centre County
Court is not a court of law; it is a court of inquisition."

The full statement, entitled "SPEECH AT THE PRISON DOOR,"
can be found at http://www.personal.psu.edu/jph13, Prof.
Heicklen's web site.

Heicklen is still in jail waiting to see if attorney Joseph
Devecka can get his bail reduced to $500.00 and also get the
court to drop the bail requirement that he refrain from
committing further crimes. Meanwhile, he is going ahead
with plans to lead a major protest at Penn State's Main Gate
during the Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts. It
will span 30 hours over four days, with thirty different
speakers for an hour each.

For a complete list of speakers check Heicklen's web site
listed above. To make a donation to Professor Heicklen's
campaign, contact him at jph13@psu.edu or contact Carla
Moquin at csm113@psu.edu.


7. FEDS: Drug Lords Attempted to Buy Russian Submarine

The Los Angeles Times reports this week (6/21) that Ludwig
Fainberg, owner of two Miami nightclubs, was acting as a
broker between Russian organized crime figures and South
American drug traffickers. The deals that Fainberg
allegedly attempted to put together would have netted the
drug organizations a Soviet Tango class submarine to be used
to ship cocaine into the U.S. Fainberg went so far as to
arrange a meeting with a retired Russian naval officer and a
tour of a secret Russian navy base for the purpose of
selecting the sub.

The Times reports that U.S. authorities say the case is
illustrative of the forming alliances between powerful
organized crime organizations in Russia and South American
drug traffickers. This partnership would combine access to

vast Cold War military assets with the drug trade that has
all but inundated the U.S. despite the best efforts of


8. First Amendment Rights of Alternative Media Threatened in
Austin, Texas

While the following is not directly drug policy related, we
believe it is important, especially to those of us who rely,
to some extent, on alternative media for important
information (like The Week Online).

Last weekend, the Grassroots News Network held its first
annual "Grassroots News and Media Conference & Culture
Jam in Austin, Texas" GNN is "a coalition of 31 community
oriented groups and radio stations from around the world
working together to collectively create good quality news
programming via the A-infos Radio Project Internet site."

On Sunday evening after the conference, members of the
Austin Police Dept. in an APD police car took photographs of
the house of GNN organizer Paul Odekirk, which was witnessed
by Odekirk and several other organizers. According to
Odekirk, "the curtain was half way open and we saw a big
flash and a police car was out front. They were taking
pictures of my house. I walked out front and the police
were standing in the street taking my picture and pictures
of the house. Then they got into their car and drove off."

The spectre of police spying on activists is evocative of
the FBI's infamous COINTELPRO program, in which government
operative infiltrated anti-Vietnam war groups and other
political organizations. Surveillance of activists by
police can be a method of intimidation used by authorities
to squelch activism (and hence democracy).

Surveillance of government, on the other hand, is good for
democracy. The following e-mail addresses of Austin city
officials and other personnel have been provided, so that
interested parties can let the city know they are being
watched over the Internet. Ask the city to investigate
possible spying by police and whether it was an appropriate
enforcement activity.

Mayor Kirk Watson	Kirk.Watson@ci.austin.tx.us
Chief of Staff	Jill.George@ci.austin.tx.us
Mayor Pro Tem, Gus Garcia	 Gus.Garcia@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	Paul.Saldana@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Member Place 1	 Daryl.Slusher@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	Ramona.Perrault@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Member Place 3	 Jackie.Goodman@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	Susan.Sheffield@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Member Place 4	 Beverly.Griffith@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	John.Gilvar@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Member Place 5	 William.Spelman@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	Kristen.Vassallo@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Member Place 6	 Willie.Lewis@ci.austin.tx.us
Council Assistant	Dwight.Burns@ci.austin.tx.us

Find the Grassroots News Network online at


9. "Coincidences" at Pain Patient March

Last week, we reported that pain patients had rallied at the
U.S. Capitol to call for adequate pain medication for all
who need it and to protest the state medical boards and the
federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for
interfering with the objective. (See our story at

Skip Baker, President of the American Society for Action on
Pain (ASAP), has reported that while he and other activists
were setting up for the event, three women whom he didn't
recognize approached him and asked for t-shirts. Skip
pointed them to a suitcase that held the shirts. Another
activist asked them if they had paid for the shirts, and one
of them responded that "David Baker said they could have
them." They proceeded to remove four or five ASAP t-shirts.
Skip was stunned to hear this, because while his real name
is in fact David, virtually no one knows this, and the only
way to find it out is to examine certain official documents.
(DRCNet's David Borden has known Skip Baker for three years,
and had no idea until last week that his real name was
anything other than Skip.) Though Skip didn't recognize the
women, another attendee was reminded of three female DEA
agents who attended when patients rallied in support of Dr.
William Hurwitz at the Virginia medical board's hearings two
years before (http://www.drcnet.org/guide10-96/pain.html).

Also, one of the pain physicians who was to receive an award
at the rally had his license to prescribe controlled
substances revoked by the DEA and was too upset to attend.
His offense -- failure to file a change of address form.
The doctor had moved several months before, but the DEA only
took action against him one week before the rally.

It should be stressed here that there is no hard evidence
that these coincidences were anything other than
coincidences -- but they do seem fairly suggestive.

(Visit ASAP at http://www.actiononpain.org)


10. EDITORIAL: The "L-Word"

As the debate over the efficacy of the Drug War moves toward
center stage in the political arena in the United States,
the primary tactic of the prohibitionists has become clear.
Anyone who espouses any measure of drug policy reform, no
matter if it's medical marijuana, syringe exchange, chronic
pain control, mandatory minimum sentence reform, opiate
maintenance, or even industrial hemp, is being labeled by
prohibitionists, from Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey to Senator
Joe Biden, as a "legalizer." It is the new "L-word," and
the prohibitionists hope that it will do for them what the
old "L-word" did for Republican candidates beginning in the
1980's, tar their opponents as extremists while
simultaneously forcing them to disavow their own beliefs.

This strategy, like virtually every political strategy
adopted in the last days of the twentieth-century, is based
not upon guesswork, but upon polling. Polls show that when
the American people are asked the question "should the
United states legalize all drugs?" the majority of
respondents will answer "no". In fact, depending on the
poll, a negative answer will be given by between 75 and 85%
of those questioned. There are several problems with these
numbers, however. First and foremost is that there is no
single definition of "legalization". Does it mean that
methamphetamine will be sold out of corner stores? No one
is advocating that, but to many people, that is the image
conjured up by the question.

A second and related problem is that up until now, the
American people have had virtually no exposure to the
serious and common-sense arguments against prohibition.
Most people believe that advocates of "legalization" are
exactly what the drug warriors portray them as, drug using
extremists who would unleash a torrent of dangerous
substances onto society with no thought to the consequences.
But judging from the respected names who have recently come
out to publicly question the status quo, that is most
certainly not true either.

But in systematically hurling the new "L-word" at any and
all reformers in tones reminiscent of those used in
conjunction with other quasi-epithets such as "racist" or
"communist," or "pervert", the prohibitionists are
achieving, perhaps intentionally, an even more important
victory: they are tempting, even forcing reformers to refute
the label as a perceived precondition of effectively
advocating their position. "I am not a legalizer." Once
that has been accomplished, reformers are left backpedaling,
rather than attacking. And rather than launching a full-
scale assault on the inherently flawed and globally
disastrous policy of Prohibition, reformers are left arguing
for harm-reduction in one form or another, essentially
surrendering to the notion that of course, criminal
prohibition is the right thing to do, if only you'd let us
make it a bit more humane in this or that specific area.

The sound of reformers backing away from the air-tight
arguments against prohibition must be music to drug
warriors' ears. There is no defense, historically or
logically, for prohibition. It simply does not work. And
worse, it invariably corrupts, it systematically infringes
on individual liberties, it grossly enriches and empowers
criminal enterprises, and it insures that we, as a society,
have no control over who is selling what to whom.
Especially with regard to children.

But to acknowledge, explicitly or otherwise, that
prohibition is indeed the right system, and that we are only
advocating reforms to its implementation, puts logic, or at
least the appearance of logic, back into the drug warriors'
court. If we agree that drugs should remain illegal
(prohibited) then it is rational, or so it would seem, to
argue against reforms -- syringe exchange, sentencing
reform, low-priority enforcement -- which would weaken that
system. Prohibition, were it possible that it could
succeed, would certainly require strict enforcement.
Especially if are talking about the theoretical (under that
system) elimination of access to drugs by children.

As reformers, we must not fall into this trap. Prohibition
does not, cannot, will not work. Oh, it works just fine if
your goals are to consolidate power in the hands of the
state, control minority populations by imprisoning an
enormous percentage of their young males, funnel wealth to a
privileged few in the defense, corrections, pharmaceutical
and other industries, use it as an excuse to infringe on the
sovereignty of poorer nations, justify enormous government
expenditures on law enforcement and the military, insure a
steady source of untraceable cash for secret operations or
drastically increase the ability of governments at all
levels to seize cash and property from citizens without due
process. But in the areas that prohibition is claimed to
address, preserving communities, reducing crime and
protecting children, it is -- and by the ironclad laws of
economics will always be -- an utter and disastrous failure.

This is the argument that must be made. It is an argument
for which there is no answer, and one which the
prohibitionists are desperate to avoid. It has been the
prohibitionists' refusal to publicly debate the facts, their
unwillingness to defend their system in any forum in which
there is articulate opposition, that has delayed their day
of reckoning for so long in the first place. It is only
now, when the reform movement, through the power of
prominent supporters, the work of dedicated activists, and
yes, the advent of electronic communications, has reached
the point that it can no longer be ignored, that they are
being forced to come out in public, in the mainstream media,
and defend themselves and their system.

The fascinating corollary to the numbers which say that 75-
85% of the American people "oppose legalization" is that
nearly the same number believe that the Drug War is not
working. And keeping in mind that our current president was
elected by just 22% of eligible voters, surely, given the
national stage which has so recently become open to us we
can activate those who already understand the issue, and
educate a small percentage of those who see the current
failure but are nevertheless afraid of the amorphous "L-
word." For the first time in the 80-year history of Drug
Prohibition, those of us who advocate reform are being
called upon to explain to the American people why the
prohibitionist system is antithetical to the results they
seek. And it is up to us to do just that.

"Are you a legalizer"?

"Well, it's funny, there are almost as many different
visions of a sane drug policy as there are reasons to get
rid of the one we have. In truth, I'm an anti-
prohibitionist, and I'll tell you why..."

Adam J. Smith
Associate Director


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