Portland NORML News - Tuesday, July 21, 1998

Rider Wants Pot Conviction Tossed ('The Associated Press'
Says Lawyers For Isaiah Rider, The Portland Trail Blazers Basketball Player,
Argued Before The Oregon Court Of Appeals Tuesday That It Should Void
His Conviction For Possessing A Small Amount Of Marijuana In Lake Oswego
In October 1996)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:38:03 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US OR: Wire: Rider Wants Pot Conviction Tossed
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Henry (resist_tyranny@mapinc.org)
Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Brad Cain


SALEM, Ore. (AP) - A state appeals court on Tuesday was urged to throw out
Portland Trail Blazers guard Isaiah Rider's conviction for possessing a
small amount of marijuana.

The talented but troubled Blazers star was cited in October 1996 after a
sheriff's deputy spotted him in the back seat of a car in Lake Oswego,
allegedly getting ready to smoke marijuana from a crude pipe made from a
soda pop can.

Rider, who denied the marijuana was his, was not present for the arguments
before the Oregon Court of Appeals.

Possession of less than an ounce of marijuana is not a crime in Oregon.
Still, Rider's lawyer, Robert Weaver of Portland, said the conviction and
$500 fine should be tossed out because the deputy who testified against
Rider was ``confused'' about what he saw.

``Mr. Rider didn't do what the officer said he did. It's important to him
to clear his name,'' said Weaver, who also defended ice skater Tonya
Harding after the plot to injure rival skater Nancy Kerrigan.

Douglas Zier, an assistant attorney general who argued the state's case,
said there was no doubt that marijuana was found in the car.

Furthermore, Zier said, the deputy ``saw the defendant holding the Coke can
about two inches from his mouth'' as he was preparing to light it.

The appeals court didn't indicate when it would rule on Rider's marijuana
conviction, one of several brushes with the law the Blazers guard has had
over the years.

Last season the NBA suspended Rider for five games - two following his
marijuana conviction and for possessing unregistered cellular phones in
California, and three for spitting at a fan in Detroit.

In two seasons with the Blazers, Rider also has been repeatedly benched for
missing team meetings, shootarounds and flights.

In February, Rider was suspended for a game by Blazers coach Mike Dunleavy
after Rider walked out during the fourth quarter of a win over the Lakers.
The next day, he launched into a lengthy tirade to reporters, alleging
racism by Portland fans and by some members of the Trail Blazers

Rider's marijuana possession citation came after two Clackamas County
sheriff's deputies saw two cars stop in a dark spot and turn off their
lights along Oregon 43 in Lake Oswego.

The deputies, who were walking back to their cars after checking out
another call, approached the two cars, expecting to find young people
drinking or using drugs.

That's when one of the deputies peered into one of the cars and saw Rider
allegedly preparing to smoke the marijuana. The other four people in the
cars were not cited or searched, and no other drugs were seized.

Re - Medical Pot Politically Hot (A Letter Sent To The Editor
Of The Eugene, Oregon 'Register-Guard' Rebuts A Claim By Columnist
Don Bishoff Suggesting That Medical Marijuana Users Have Not Spent
A Lot Of Time In Jail)

Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 08:11:26 -0700
To: dbishoff@guardnet.com
From: Arthur Livermore (alive@pacifier.com)
Subject: DPFOR: Medical pot politically hot (July 20, 1998)
Cc: drctalk@drcnet.org, dpfor@drugsense.org
Sender: owner-dpfor@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/

The Register-Guard
Eugene, Oregon

Dear Don Bishoff,

In your July 20, 1998 column you said that you don't have any evidence that
medical marijuana users "have collectively spent a lot of time in jail". I
wonder if you have heard about Will Foster? He is now in jail serving a 93
year sentence for growing his own medical marijuana. This extremely cruel
and unusual punishment is the result of decades of "reefer madness"

Marijuana has always been medicine. It's known as Cannabis in the history
books. The 1937 Marijuana Tax Act was not intended to prohibit the medical
use of marijuana. Gradual expansion of police powers has created a set of
laws that do not allow people to use medical marijuana. But we can buy one
of the ingredients in marijuana, THC, in pill form. New research indicates
that other cannabinoids in marijuana have valuable medical uses. It's
absurd to continue to officially deny reality with our marijuana
prohibition laws.

Arthur Livermore, Director
Falcon Cove Biology Laboratory
44500 Tide Avenue
Arch Cape, OR 97102

Couple Weren't 'Just Two Dead Junkies' (An 'Associated Press' Article
In The Seattle 'Post-Intelligencer' Says The Mother Of A Woman Addicted
To Heroin Who Hanged Herself With Her Fiance From The Steel Bridge
In Downtown Portland Believes The First Step To Curing Addiction
Is Not A Medical One, It Is Lifting The Social Stigma Of Being Addicted)

Subject: HT: Couple weren't 'just two junkies'
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 98 10:38:08 -0700
From: YES on 692 (cdpr@eventure.com)
To: "Hemp Talk" (hemp-talk@hemp.net)
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Seattle Post-Intelligencer
Associated Press
July 21, 1998

"Couple weren't 'just two dead junkies'"

"Grieving Mother speaks out about the horror of addiction"

Portland, OR - When Mora McGowan threw herself off the Steel Bridge in
downtown Portland and let a noose break her fall, her mother did not go to
the scene.

Barbara Sage did not see Mora's lifeless body, nor the corpse or Mora's
fiance, who hanged himself at the same time and was dangling next to her.

Since the July 1 suicide, Barbara has kept her grief to herself. The she
heard something that broke her silence. Somebody said, "They were just two
dead junkies."

She was prompted to tell her story to Margie Boule, a columnist for The
Oregonian: "I want people to know they weren't just people hanging there who
didn't have lives and friends and family.

"These two people were so loved. They were like everybody else. The had dreams."

Shedding light on the human side of a 25-year old often dismissed by
strangers as a drug-dependent slacker, Sage read from Mora's diary.

"Someday, somebody is going to read this. I don't know who it will be. It
might be my great-grandchildren, it might be a stranger. Whoever it is,
they're going to read this and think, Wow. Mora McGowan was really something."

As a girl, the blue-eyed, blond-haired Mora loved animals and dreamed of
becoming a veterinarian. But, as she grew up, she realized she would have to
deal with sick and dying animals and shied away.

As a teenager, Mora battled depression but always emerged from a crowd being
remembered as funny and kooky - someone who laughed a lot. After graduating,
she worked as a model.

But by April 1997, a heroine addiction began robbing her of hope and dreams.
Sage remembers holding Mora when she retched all night, shaking and crying.
"Her self-esteem was being destroyed," Sage said. "She would say, 'I'm scum.
I'm no good.'" Mora fell more than $10,000 in debt and charged her
$200-a-day habit to credit cards.

Mora was hysterical when she called Sage the night before she and her
boyfriend died. Sage hurried to Mora's house and found her daughter weeping
in bed with slashed wrists. Sage called 911.

By the next morning, Mora was home from the hospital and told her mom, "I'm
either going to get drugs out of our life, or I'm going to end it."

"It gave me a sense she was talking about the future," Sage said. "I had no
idea that would be the last time I would see her alive."

Sage hugged Mora goodbye at noon and told her and her fiance that she loved
them. When authorities phoned Sage that afternoon, her sister answered the
phone. "She put her arm around me and had me sit down. She said 'those two
kids on the bridge...' and I said 'Oh no.' That's all I could say. 'Oh no.
Oh no.'"

Sage is certain addiction is a disease.

But the first step in curing it is not a medical one, she said. It is
lifting the social stigma of being addicted. In this sense, she believes her
daughter's death serves as a reminder. "I'm sorry my daughter was addicted,
and I sure didn't want her to die," Sage said. "But I'm not ashamed of her.
Addiction has nothing to do with status, morals or intelligence. Addicts
aren't 'those people.' The are us. All of us."


Timothy W. Killian

Campaign Manager
Initiative 692

Washington Citizens for Medical Rights


em: cdpr@eventure.com
url: http://www.eventure.com/I692


Postal Box 2346
Seattle, WA 98111
ph: 206.781-7716
fx: 206.324.3101

Proposed Bill Would Cause More Pain For Terminally Ill (A Staff Editorial
About Oregon's Unique Assisted-Suicide Law In 'The Houston Chronicle'
Says Congress Should Not Intervene)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 12:07:48 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Editorial: Proposed Bill Would
Cause More Pain for Terminally Ill
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Source: Houston Chronicle (TX)
Contact: viewpoints@chron.com
Website: http://www.chron.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998



Congress is considering ill-advised legislation that would ban the use of
controlled drugs for physician-assisted suicide and would give the Drug
Enforcement Administration the authority to pull doctors' licenses to
prescribe for violations of the law. Passage would only discourage
physicians from prescribing powerful narcotics in doses adequate to relieve
severe chronic pain in terminally ill patients. And it would put
unnecessary federal scrutiny on medical professionals.

The American Medical Association, which properly opposes physician-assisted
suicide, is rightly against the legislation, reasoning it would result in
more patients spending their last days wracked with pain.

Doctors are concerned, for instance, that they will be penalized for
situations in which terminally ill patients in severe and chronic pain are
given massive doses of morphine, then die -- not an unexpected occurrence
in patients with incurable, fatal diseases. DEA agents are not doctors.
Let's not give them the authority to determine how much medication is
appropriate to relieve the excruciating pain of dying patients. That makes
about as much sense as giving doctors law enforcement authority to
investigate drug crimes.

Proponents of the legislation say it will improve life for terminally ill
patients because doctors will be free to prescribe controlled substances
"as medically appropriate" to relieve pain and comfort "if there is no
intent to cause a patient's death." Leaving the "if" to the DEA is the
problem, and that is what doctors legitimately fear.

It would be inhumane for doctors to err on the side of leaving terminally
ill patients in agonizing pain for fear of losing their licenses because of
some overly zealous drug agent. Congress ought to give this legislation a
lethal dose of no votes.

Oakland City Council Votes Again To Support Medical Cannabis (A News Release
From California NORML Says The Oakland City Council Today Approved
The First Reading Of A Medical Marijuana Ordinance Designed To Protect
The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative From Federal Prosecution,
And Reaffirmed Its Support For The City's Policy Guidelines Allowing Patients
To Grow Up To Six Pounds Per Year Of Marijuana)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 13:46:26 -0800
To: dpfca@drugsense.org, aro@drugsense.org
From: canorml@igc.apc.org (Dale Gieringer)
Subject: DPFCA: Oakland City Council Forges Ahead
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/


OAKLAND, CA July 21, 1998. The Oakland City Council approved the
first reading of a medical marijuana ordinance designed to protect the
Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative from federal prosecution, and
reaffirmed its support for the city's policy guidelines allowing patients
to grow up to 6 pounds per year of marijuana.

The Oakland ordinance, proposed by Oakland CBC attorney Robert
Raich, would allow the city to officially designate the Oakland club to
enforce the state's medical marijuana law. Supporters argue that the
ordinance will protect the club from a federal injunction aimed at closing
the club, on the grounds that the federal controlled substances act exempts
duly designated city officers.

In other action, the city council voted to re-approve the city's
recently adopted medical marijuana policy guidelines allowing certified
patients to possess up to one and a half pounds or grow up to six pounds of
medical marijuana per year. Mayor Elihu Harris and councilman Ignacio de
la Fuente had moved to reconsider the policy, arguing that the proposed
limits were too high and would invite abuse.

Medical marijuana patient George MacMahon, one of seven patients
who legally receive marijuana through a special FDA program, testified that
the Oakland guidelines were consistent with the federal government's own
approved dosage guidelines, displaying a one-half pound tin of
government-supplied marijuana, which he said contained his own supply for
one month.

(Mayor Harris made it clear that he saw advantages in legalization,
but expressed concern that the proposed guidelines were appropriate only
for the most seriously ill patients, recalling a bill he had once
sponsored in the legislature to decriminalize cultivation of 3 marijuana

Councilmembers Nate Miley and John Russo defended the guidelines as
a reasonable attempt to protect the most seriously ill medical marijuana
patients from unwarranted police harassment, saying it would not interfere
with legitimate marijuana enforcement activities.

Medical marijuana advocates applauded the council's action. "This
proves again that good medical cannabis policy is good public policy," said
Robert Raich, "The city council has acted to protect patients as well as
the public health and safety of all Oaklanders."


Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // canorml@igc.apc.org
2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114

Resisting The Law (A Staff Editorial In 'The Orange County Register'
Calls The Four-Year Prison Sentence For Medical Marijuana Defendant
David Herrick 'Outrageous' And Says It Is Difficult To Avoid The Suspicion
That Orange County Prosecutors And Judges Are Thwarting The Will
Of Californians Who Voted For Proposition 215)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:45:54 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: Resisting The Law
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/


In November 1996 California voters passed Proposition 215, which then became
Section 11362.5 of the California Health and Safety Code. In so doing the
people expressed a strong desire for government authorities to create or at
least to facilitate a small "white market" for seriously ill people whose
doctors believed they could benefit from the use of marijuana.

Indeed, one of the purposes of the initiative was: "(C) To encourage the
federal and state governments to implement a plan to provide for the safe
and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need of

Most California law-enforcement officials opposed Prop. 215 when it was on
the ballot. But as officials sworn to uphold the law as it is, not as they
might prefer it, they could have been expected to shrug off the electoral
defeat and then try to find a way to implement the law with as little harm
as possible.

The initiative didn't mandate, for example, setting up a government program
to grow, check for the validity of physicians' recommendations and
distribute medical marijuana, although that would be one possibility. But it
clearly asks law-enforcement officials to make a good-faith effort to
cooperate with those who are trying to implement the law, perhaps even
working with them to develop reasonably clear guidelines to distinguish
between a good-faith effort to provide marijuana to sick people and ordinary
street sales.

Looking at the way local officials have chosen to deal with Marvin Chavez,
leader of a group he calls the Orange County Cannabis Co-Op, and former San
Bernardino County Sheriff's Deputy David Lee Herrick, a volunteer with the
Co-Op, it is difficult to avoid the suspicion that local officials are doing
the opposite. Instead of making distinctions and trying in good faith to
implement a law that will undoubtedly require a trial-and-error process,
they are refusing to make distinctions.

"I don't see any difference between Mr. Herrick and a street dealer," said
Orange County Deputy District Attorney Carl Armbrust after Mr. Herrick was
sentenced Friday to four years in prison for selling marijuana. He has been
in jail since March 18, 1997. Mr. Herrick had in his possession several
baggies identified as those of the Orange County Cannabis Co-Op, with a
large "NOT FOR SALE" label. Superior Court Judge William Froeberg, who heard
Mr. Herrick's case and imposed the sentence, refused to let the jury hear
any arguments regarding California's medical-marijuana laws, although the
jury had requested such information.

To the outside observer, this approach looks more like an effort to prove to
Californians that Prop. 215 was a mistake than a good-faith effort to
implement it without strengthening the black market.

Mr. Armbrust is using a clever ploy. Prop. 215 specifically stated that for
medical patients and caregivers a physician's recommendation creates a
defense against charges of possession and cultivation, but it doesn't
mention sales. So the D.A.'s office contends that any time money changes
hands - even if it's called a voluntary donation and there's no evidence
anywhere in the police reports or the court record that the stuff is being
distributed to anybody but people with a bona fide physician's
recommendation - it's a sale and it's a crime.

But the most relevant appeals court case on medical marijuana, People v.
Peron, was clear on the matter: "Although the sale and distribution of
marijuana remain as criminal offenses under section 11360, bona fide primary
caregivers for section 11362.5 patients should not be precluded from
receiving bona fide reimbursement for their actual expenses ..."

Mr. Herrick's conviction and extraordinarily stiff sentence will be
appealed, of course. Sharon Petrosino, his attorney, told us there were
issues of possible prosecutorial misconduct, plus the fact that the judge
forbade any testimony on either Prop. 215 issues or medical necessity
issues, that should make an appeal be considered favorably.

Meanwhile, David Herrick has been sentenced to four years, essentially for
trying to help implement Prop. 215 and being honest about it when some
police came to his motel room by mistake. Outrageous.

The case highlights our long-held belief that local officials need to work
conscientiously and soberly to implement the will of the people rather than
laboring to prove that Prop. 215 was foolish. As we read the polls, almost
everybody in California believes this except a few zealous prosecutors. Will
even an appeals court decision get their attention?

California Struggles With Issue Of Medical Marijuana ('The Washington Times'
Says The Future Of Proposition 215 And Cannabis Buyers Clubs May Be Decided
In California's Fall Gubernatorial Election)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 02:19:56 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: California Struggles
With Issue Of Medical Marijuana
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Washington Times
Contact: letter@twtmail.com
Website: http://www.washtimes.com/
Author: Thomas D. Elias, Special To The Washington Times


SAN FRANCISCO - The war in California over the legality of medical marijuana
has produced as much confusion this summer as a weed-induced high. The
state's most liberal cities and counties have struggled to find a legal way
to distribute marijuana to medical patients, while federal and state
authorities have fought to close the few remaining cannabis buyers' clubs.

The battle likely will move to both the ballot box and a jury trial this
fall, with pot-supplying cooperatives in three northern California cities
remaining open in defiance of a federal court order to shut down. The co-ops
now face contempt of court charges, and pro-marijuana activists are eager to
see whether any jury will convict their leaders.

Regardless of how the courts or the fall election affect medical marijuana,
cities such as San Francisco and Oakland insist they'll keep trying to put
pot in the hands of AIDS patients, epileptics and others whose conditions
are eased by the narcotic. "It won't be an easy task to find a way to do
this legally," says San Francisco District Attorney Terence Hallinan. "But
it's necessary."

Adds the city's mayor, Willie Brown, "We'd be remiss if we didn't do
anything. At least 10,000 people in this city need the marijuana." Mr. Brown
said since the city's only buyers' co-op was closed by court order, the city
attorney and Mr. Hallinan have been crafting an ordinance "to allow for the
greatest security in any court test."

Across the bay, Oakland's city government took action early this month to
allow patients to grow their own pot. The council passed an ordinance
allowing patients acting on a doctor's recommendation to possess 1.5 pounds
of marijuana at a time, and also to grow as many as 144 plants at once, with
48 of them in the flowering phase, when potency is highest.

Even pro-medical marijuana activists say that is about three times more than
any patient should need, and it is three times the standard that California
Attorney General Dan Lungren set last year for legal possession by a
patient. Possessing marijuana for medical reasons on a doctor's
recommendation has been legal in California since 1996, when voters passed
Proposition 215 by a 55 percent to 45 percent margin.

But federal law still forbids the sale and use of pot, and Mr. Lungren and
California Gov. Pete Wilson have fought efforts to set up government-run
distribution networks.

They argue it would open a back door to total legalization of the narcotic.
Mr. Lungren is the Republican candidate for governor and his former top
deputy, David Stirling, is the GOP candidate to succeed him as attorney general.

"We're now left in legal never-never land," says Scott Imler, co-author of
Proposition 215 and director of the Los Angeles Cannabis Buyers' Club, one
of three surviving clubs not covered by the May shutdown order. "I'm now
very disappointed we did not include distribution in the proposition.

That was a political decision, to keep clubs from becoming a campaign
issue." Mr. Imler believes the fall election will decide the fate of medical
marijuana in California, and possibly in the nation, because other states
often follow California's lead in passing ballot initiatives.

"Electing Lungren and Stirling would mean four more years of chaos, because
they are adamant about not allowing distribution of medical marijuana," Mr.
Imler said. "If they're elected, the only solution would be for the federal
government to declare this a prescription drug -- and they haven't shown any
great eagerness to do that."

State Sen. John Vasconcellos, a Democrat who has fought for years to
legalize medical use of the weed, agreed. "We're going to present Wilson
with a bill this fall to set up legal forms of distribution with solid
checks about medical necessity," he said. "But we have no illusions that he
will sign it. He vetoed two medical marijuana bills before Proposition 215
passed and he wants to run for president.

He'll veto this one, too, no matter how many safeguards we put in it."
Meanwhile, six clubs still distribute marijuana to California patients, with
all but Mr. Imler's group operating in northern California cities.

Pro-medical marijuana elected officials such as Mr. Hallinan also see two
possible positive signs in the U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer's order to
close clubs. His decision, which said federal law takes precedent over state
laws on the subject, did not preclude the use of a medical necessity defense
in the upcoming jury trial.

Judge Breyer also left open the possibility that federal courts might not
stop distribution of pot to chronically ill patients who are too weak to
grow their own.

The Drug War Can't Abide Honest Stats ('Los Angeles Times' Columnist
Robert Scheer Says A Simplistic And Dishonest Approach Is At The Heart
Of The US Government's New $2-Billion Anti-Drug Advertising Campaign,
As Well As The US Drug Czar's European Trip Where He Showed
His Imperviousness To Truth, And Also The Simplistic And Dishonest
Approach Of Lumping Marijuana In With Illegal Hard Drugs, Which Is
At The Heart Of The New Advertising Campaign McCaffrey Announced Last Week)

Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 22:50:56 +0000
From: Peter Webster (vignes@monaco.mc)
Subject: The Drug War Can't Abide Honest Stats

LA Times
Tuesday, July 21, 1998


The Drug War Can't Abide Honest Stats

A simplistic and dishonest approach is at the heart of the new
$2-billion anti-drug advertising campaign.


Oops, drug czar Barry R. McCaffrey made a big factual error last
week, claiming the murder rate in Holland is twice as high as that of the
U.S. because of permissive Dutch drug policies. In fact, the U.S murder
rate as a percentage of the population is 4.5 times higher than in Holland.

Hey, no problem, what good is being drug czar if you have to worry
about facts? If there's one thing we know after 20 years and billions of
dollars fighting the drug war, it's that the war will never be won with
honest statistics.

McCaffrey is a retired general unencumbered by prior familiarity with
the medical aspects of drug addiction or methods of prevention and
treatment. No matter; in the doctrine of the U.S. drug war, the patient is
the enemy. In appointing this tough general to direct the U.S. Office of
National Drug Control Policy, President Clinton proved that he was as
asinine on drug policy as those who had never held a joint in their hands.
Clinton scored big politically, but the result is a continuation of a war
on our own citizens with disastrous consequences.

The Dutch have rejected the war metaphor. While drugs remain
officially illegal, they have differentiated between marijuana--which can
legally be sold in small quantities in set locations to adults--and hard
drugs. Hard drug usage is viewed primarily as a medical problem with
emphasis on treating rather than incarcerating the user. The focus is on
"harm reduction"--education, treatment, needle exchange and methadone

On his brief stopover in Holland last week, McCaffrey pointedly
refused to visit one of the Amsterdam "coffee shops" that legally sell
small quantities of pot, saying, "I am not sure there is much to be learned
from watching somebody smoking pot." How obtuse! Even the temperance
fanatics of old thought they could learn something of the evil goings-on in
saloons by occasionally inspecting one.

McCaffrey might have learned that smoking pot tends to lead to far
less aggressive behavior than drinking alcohol; that the mood in those
coffee shops is downright torpid. In fact, adolescent marijuana use is
twice as high in the U.S. as Holland. Alcohol is the main abuse problem in
both countries.

I write this with a Bloody Mary near at hand and am not in favor of
banning alcohol, but the evidence is overwhelming that it's a far more
damaging drug than marijuana. In the U.S., there are more than 100,000
alcohol-related deaths a year; there is still not one officially recorded
death attributed solely to marijuana use.

Marijuana use may pose some social problems, although they're not as
easily documented as those presented by a number of legally prescribed
drugs. Lumping marijuana with illegal hard drugs is a continuing absurdity
that leads young people to distrust all anti-drug warnings. Yet this
simplistic and dishonest approach to the drug problem is at the heart of
the new $2-billion anti-drug advertising campaign McCaffrey announced last

Why not use that money to follow the Dutch example of honest education
about the drug problem and treatment of those who are addicted? Treating
drug addiction as a medical rather than a criminal problem works, but
serious drug treatment is only available to 10% of those in prison who need
it. Yet we continue to waste billions on failed war-fighting scenarios.

Drugs are more available than ever. Opium production has doubled in
the past decade. The only drug war "victory" has been to increase the
profitability of the illegal drug trade that now, according to United
Nations statistics, produces $400 billion in revenues, an astounding 10% of
all world trade.

What madness to continue the current strategy at ever greater human
and financial cost. In 1980, we spent $4 billion fighting the drug war, and
the drug war hawks told us that was not enough. Now we spend eight times
more, and they tell us the end is not in sight.

In 1980, 50,000 Americans were in prison on drug-related charges. The
figure is now 400,000, many for personal use, making this one of the
largest human rights violations in the world. Yes, because the very idea of
jailing people on the basis of personal behavior for a victimless crime
represents a basic violation of freedom.

This is a war fought in a contradictory and racist manner aimed
primarily at the urban ghetto. Only 13% of drug users are black, but they
make up far more than a majority of those imprisoned on drug charges. These
people are in prison as sacrifices to the gods of the drug war who will not
let go of their holy crusade no matter how many lives are broken.


Robert Scheer Is a Times Contributing Editor.
E-mail: Rscheer@robertscheer.com

Search the archives of the Los Angeles Times for similar stories. You will
not be charged to look for stories, only to retrieve one.

Copyright Los Angeles Times


Scheer's column deserves out thanks and encouragement.

This letter, appropriately modified, was also sent to the LAT as an LTE.

Dear Mr. Scheer-

Your column on McCaffrey nails the general very accurately for his
dishonesty. However it also mistakenly implies that the federal policy
for which he is chief lobbyist is really concerned with reducing the
adverse impact of drug use on American youth.

After intense study of our policy I've come to the sad conclusion that drug
prohibition is an institutionalized fraud, now primarily concerned with its
own self preservation as a policy justifying repression for profit. In that
respect, it occupies the same position as slavery did on the eve of the
Civil War - the federally endorsed law of the land which many depend on for
their livelihood, even as they realize beyond any question that it is
destructive, fundamentally flawed, and based on false premises.

It cannot continue to grow indefinitely; one hopes it can someday be
terminated with less direct threat to our national existence than the Civil

Thomas J. O'Connell MD

Interesting E-Mail On DARE (Cliff Schaffer, Webmaster For The Most Important
Online Drug Policy Library, Forwards A Letter From A 15-Year-Old Cannabis
Consumer Who Critiques What He Learned From Drug Abuse Resistance Education)

From: "Cliff Schaffer" (schaffer@smartlink.net)
To: (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Subject: Interesting e-mail on DARE
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 14:45:25 -0700

I received the following interesting e-mail on DARE. Note the writer's age.


I read the article on someone's personal experience with dare.
I can tell you that the dare program has no concern whatsoever with
telling the truth about drugs or anything even close to the truth.
I am 15 years old now, and I was forced to take dare in 5th grade.
I didn't know it then, but everything they told us was bullshit.
I remember being told that one of every 3 people that tried cocaine died
on the first time they tried it. The sheriff's deputy instructor also
told us several stories that I swear she made up on the spot. Most of
them involved her "personal" experiences with "addicts". About how they
were terrible people and murdered to get money for crack. Also, she told
us lies about the high itself, saying the high of weed was only about 20
minutes long (just in case you don't know, it lasts like 4 hr..) Also,
in 7th grade, when I was a little less susceptible to these lies, our
home ec. teacher told us all about how "thc goes in the brain and gets
between the electrodes and slows down the electric signals.." Of course,
she didn't have any charts, or data to back that up. One final note,
everyone i know that was in that dare class now smokes bud, and at least
two of them do herione or crack. It makes me wonder if their goal isn't
actually to get kids to use drugs so the cops can keep their jobs...

Clifford A. Schaffer
Director, DRCNet Online Library of Drug Policy
P.O. Box 1430
Canyon Country, CA 91386-1430
(805) 251-4140

Contra Costa Drug-Screening Tests Upheld ('The San Francisco Chronicle'
Says The Ninth US Court Of Appeals Handed A Setback To Disability-Rights
Advocates Yesterday, Ruling 3-0 To Upheld Contra Costa County's Use
Of Personality Tests To Screen Welfare Applicants For Alcohol And Illegal Drug
'Addictions,' Since The Privacy Violation Does Not Result In Denial
Of Welfare Benefits)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:21:14 -0500
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: Contra Costa Drug-Screening Tests Upheld
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Author: Michael Cabanatuan, Chronicle Staff Writer


In a setback for disability-rights advocates, a federal appellate
court yesterday upheld Contra Costa County's past practice of using
personality tests to screen welfare applicants for drug and alcohol

The Ninth U.S. Court of Appeals, in a 3-to-0 decision, ruled that the
tests were not discriminatory -- although they falsely identified a
disproportionate number of recovered or recovering drug and alcohol
addicts as substance abusers -- because they did not result in a
denial of welfare benefits.

Attorneys on both sides of the suit agreed that the ruling would make
it more difficult for the disabled to sue under the Americans With
Disabilities Act.

Although the case concerned former drug and alcohol addicts, county
officials feared a ruling banning the tests would have led to suits
from other disabled groups disproportionately affected by county
eligibility requirements. For example, Deputy County Counsel Bernard
Knapp said, disabled applicants for county jobs could have sued over
the requirement they fill out written employment applications at
county offices.

``We would have been looking at a great deal of litigation,'' he said.
David J. Berger, the attorney representing the welfare recipients, was
disappointed with the decision but uncertain if he would appeal to the
U.S. Supreme Court.

``We believe the ADA requires equality of process as well as equality
of results,'' he said. Contra Costa County began using the
psychological tests in 1992 to determine whether welfare applicants
had a drug or alcohol dependency.

The true-false tests, known as the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening
Inventory, asked questions about drugs and alcohol, and personal
beliefs on issues including religion, pornography and ethics. Those
found to be addicted were required to enter a six-month treatment
program or surrender their welfare benefits.

The county altered the requirement after a group of welfare recipients
sued in 1995, adding an interview for those who tested as
``dependent'' to weed out recovered or recovering addicts.

Last August, U.S. District Judge Maxine Chesney prohibited the tests
because they failed to distinguish between current and past substance
abuse. Under the ADA, former addicts are protected from arbitrary
discrimination. The ruling will have no immediate effect on the county
or its welfare recipients.

The county has no plans to reinstate the tests, which still face
different challenges from welfare and civil rights advocates,
including the American Civil Liberties Union, Deputy County Counsel
Bernard Knapp said.

Contra Costa officials appealed the decision, Knapp said, more to
protect county government from a flurry of ADA suits than to save the
personality test. A joint study in 1995 by the county and the
plaintiffs found that 44 percent of those found to be addicted were,
in fact, not.

1998 San Francisco Chronicle Page A11

Dogging Drugs On Campus (A Staff Editorial In 'The Los Angeles Times'
Endorses The Use Of Drug-Sniffing Dogs At Venice High School,
The First Campus Of The LA Unified School District That Would Have
Such A Program)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 01:11:55 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: Dogging Drugs On Campus
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Fax: 213-237-4712
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Author: The Editors


Venice High School could soon be the site of a sadly necessary pilot program
designed to reduce the presence of illegal drugs and weapons on campus. At
its next meeting, the Board of Education should approve a proposal to
periodically take drug-sniffing dogs onto campus over a one-year period.

Sniffer dogs already are a fact of life in a number of Los Angeles-area
public and private schools, but Venice High would be the first campus of the
L.A. Unified School District to have such a program. The school plans to
contract with a private company that takes amiable Labradors and golden
retrievers, rather than intimidating German shepherds, to campuses for
unannounced sniff-searches of classrooms, student lockers and possibly cars
in the school's parking lot.

Students themselves would not be searched by the dogs, which are trained to
detect marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, alcohol, a few
medications and gunpowder. If a dog signaled the presence of one of these
substances in a locker or backpack or desk, the student would be questioned
by school officials rather than police.

It is a hard reality that, as Venice principal Bud Jacobs notes, guns and
other weapons are found at the school three or four times a year. Keeping
them away could save a student's life. This year's gun violence on America's
school grounds is evidence of the need.

According to some Venice parents, drugs are available on the West Los
Angeles campus despite the district's zero tolerance policy.

Jacobs hopes that the dogs will provide an effective deterrent.

Yes, along with the metal detectors in use on many campuses, dogs add to the
gloomy feeling of many teenagers that they are prison inmates rather than
high school students. But the experiment in Southern California schools
should be seen in the light of growing concern.

The move in Venice for the one-year program demonstrates the commitment of
parents and teachers to improving the school. The proposal to use the dogs
originated with the Venice LEARN Council, a group of parents, teachers and
staff that helps govern the school. This is an idea worthy of school board

Copyright Los Angeles Times

Truth-Sniffing Students (A Letter Sent To The Editor
Of 'The Los Angeles Times' Wonders Why The Dogs At Venice High School
Won't Look For Tobacco, Which Is Also Illegal For Minors And Proven
To Be More Dangerous Than Marijuana)

From: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
To: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
Subject: DPFCA: Truth-sniffing students
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 20:35:48 +0100
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

Here is an editorial from today's LA Times, and my response.


Tuesday, July 21, 1998

Dogging Drugs on Campus

[snip; see previous item. - ed.]


Truth-sniffing students

In your editorial endorsement of drug-sniffing dogs by the Los Angeles
Unified School District, you say these "amiable Labradors and golden
retrievers...are trained to detect marijuana, cocaine, heroin,
methamphetamines, alcohol, a few medications and gunpowder."

Why not tobacco?

By including the non-addictive and relatively harmless marijuana and
excluding tobacco, one of the most damaging and addictive of all drugs, both
the L.A. Times and the Los Angeles Unified School District send a very clear
message to kids: "Tobacco is less harmful than marijuana."

The best and the brightest students, who have done their scientific
homework, will get a second unfortunate message: "Authority figures--from
our teachers to the free press--don't know what they're talking about when
it comes to marijuana, so why should we listen to them when it comes to
other drugs?"

Why, indeed?

Peter McWilliams

Police Shot Man 12 Times In Raid ('The Houston Chronicle' Says An Autopsy
Shows That Houston Prohibition Agents Who Forced Their Way
Into Pedro Oregon Navarro's Apartment Without A Warrant Shot The Innocent Man
12 Times, Including Nine Times In The Back - Nine Of The 12 Shots Also Had
A Downward Trajectory, Suggesting The Officers Involved May Be Charged
With Murder)
Link to earlier story
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 00:50:33 -0400 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: Police Shot Man 12 Times In Raid Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: viewpoints@chron.com Website: http://www.chron.com/ Author: S.K. Bardwell POLICE SHOT MAN 12 TIMES IN RAID Autopsy report indicates that nine shots were in the back Houston police who forced their way into Pedro Oregon Navarro's apartment without a warrant shot him 12 times, including nine times in the back, an autopsy showed. The autopsy also indicated that nine of those 12 shots had a downward trajectory, indicating they were fired from a position over Oregon, 23. "The Houston Police Department is aware of and has received a copy of the Harris County medical examiner's report," HPD spokesman Robert Hurst said Monday. "The department is cooperating fully with the Harris County District Attorney's Office in their investigation." A Mexican government envoy, Erasmus Martinez, flew here from Mexico City on Monday and met with Oregon's family at his home in the 6700 block of Atwell. He also met for more than an hour with HPD Assistant Chief Mike Thaler, who is acting chief while Chief C.O. Bradford is out of town, Hurst said. After the meeting, Martinez expressed confidence in the investigations by HPD and the district attorney office's civil rights division, but said that his government may ask that the U.S. Justice Department look into the matter as well. Oregon was shot to death July 12 after members of the gang task force assigned to the Southwest Patrol Division raided Oregon's apartment. The raid reportedly was on the basis of information from a confidential informant. Sources have said the officers arrested that informant just prior to the raid. Bradford has said there are indications the officers violated HPD policy requiring that all informants meet certain criteria and be registered with the department. The officers said they opened fire after Oregon pointed a pistol at them. No drugs were found in the apartment of Oregon, who is survived by a widow and two daughters. The autopsy report says Oregon had a gunshot wound to the head, left hand and left shoulder and nine wounds to the back. Other than three wounds -- to the shoulder, hand and back -- all the shots were noted as traveling downward through Oregon's body, indicating they were fired from above his body. Oregon's family has said the officers continued shooting him after he had fallen to the floor. Bullet holes were found in the floor where Oregon fell. "All the wounds are disturbing," said attorney Paul Nugent, hired by Oregon's family. Nugent met Monday evening with medical examiner Dr. Joye Carter to discuss the autopsy findings. The report said four bullets were recovered from Oregon's body, as well as two bullet fragments. The other shots apparently traveled through his body. Officer Lamont E. Tillery, 30, was shot in the shoulder during the melee but saved from serious injury by his bulletproof vest. Ballistics tests determined that Tillery was shot by a fellow officer. A weapon was recovered from Oregon's bedroom, but it is unknown whether that gun had been fired. Relieved of duty with pay pending the outcome of investigations are Officers Tillery, David R. Barrera, 28, Pete A. Herrada, 28, David Perkins, 30, and James R. Willis, 28, and Sgt. Darrell H. Strouse, 34. Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle

Think Tank Blasts Property Seizures (United Press International
Says A Report Released Today By The Mackinac Center For Public Policy,
Which Helps Craft Policy For The Republican Party, Criticizes What It Calls
An 'Onslaught' Of Property Seizures By The Nation's Law Enforcement Agencies,
Mainly In Drug Investigations)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:56:51 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US MI: Wire: Think Tank Blasts Property Seizures
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Kevin Zeese
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: United Press International
Copyright 1998 United Press International


MIDLAND, Mich., July 21 (UPI) A report by a conservative think tank
criticizes what it calls an "onslaught" of property seizures by the nation's
law enforcement agencies, mainly in drug investigations.

Citing horror stories from people whose cars, homes and savings were seized
by police and federal agents, the report urges drastic changes in state and
federal laws such as the 28-year-old Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt
Organizations Act (RICO) used to fight organized crime.

A liberal congressman is praising the report released today by the Mackinac
Center for Public Policy, which helps craft policy for the Republican Party.

Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich. the ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary
Committee says forfeiture laws "ensare...ordinary, law- abiding people" even
though they're "designed to give cops the right to confiscate and keep
luxury possessions of major drug dealers."

Conyers calls forfeiture laws "an abuse of power and a defect."

Although the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld forfeiture laws, the report says
seizing property during criminal investigations violates the legal standard
of "innocent until proven guilty."

The report's author Donald Kochan notes property seizures increased 1,500
percent between 1985 and '91, and says "the trend of increasing forfeiture
is likely to continue."

Among the anecdotes is the story of a woman whose husband was arrested for
soliciting a prostitute in Detroit. Police seized the man's car and refused
to return it to the wife, even though she was the half- owner and needed it
to take their children to school.

Another story came from an artist in Ann Arbor, Mich., who incorporated in
one of her paintings some bird feathers found on the ground in her back
yard. Federal agents seized the painting at an art show, claiming it
violated the 1918 Federal Migratory Bird Act.

Appeals Court Throws Out Drug Conviction Against County Man
('The Associated Press' Says The Wisconsin Third District Court Of Appeals
Ruled Tuesday That Thomas Martwick Was Wrongly Convicted
Of Cultivating Marijuana Because Sheriff's Deputies Invaded His Privacy
To Obtain Evidence)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:09:44 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US WI: Wire: Appeals Court Throws Out
Drug Conviction Against County Man
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Robert Imrie/ Associated Press Writer


WAUSAU, Wis. (AP) -- A man was wrongly convicted of growing marijuana
because sheriff' s deputies invaded his privacy in obtaining evidence, a
state appeals court ruled Tuesday.

Thomas Martwick, 47, of rural Phillips in Price County, pleaded guilty to
manufacturing marijuana after Circuit Judge Patrick Madden allowed
prosecutors to use evidence obtained in June 1997 search of his home.

Deputies found 29 marijuana plants growing in the basement and five pails
with marijuana growing in them on a trail near Martwick' s home, court
records said.

Martwick was sentenced to 90 days in jail and 18 months probation.

The 3rd District Court of Appeals overturned the conviction, ruling the way
deputies went about getting evidence to obtain the search warrant was
improper and violated Martwick' s constitutional right to privacy.

Based on information from an informant, Deputy Brian Roush went to
Martwick' s property June 9, 1997, and collected leaves from suspected
marijuana plants growing in pots on a trail some 50 to 70 feet from
Martwick' s home, court records said.

The leaves were used to convince a judge to issue a search warrant that led
to the seizure of the marijuana plants, court records said.

But the appeals court said the deputy invaded Martwick' s privacy in
obtaining the leaves.

" The nature and use of Martwick' s property demonstrates that the area
from which the leaves were seized was one of intimate activity and that
there was a reasonable expectation of privacy, " the three-judge panel

Even the way Martwick kept the property, with unkempt wildflowers, brush
and weeds, provided evidence of his desire for privacy, the judges said.

"A person looking across the lot lines would have been unable to see the
marijuana in the pots, " the panel said.

Copyright 1998 Associated Press.

Prison Caught In Suprise Drug Sweep (MSNBC Says235 Correctional Officers
Handcuffed Inmates At The Joliet Correctional Facility In Illinois Tuesday
And Went Through Their Cells And Belongings With Search Dogs
And X-Ray Machines Looking For 'Drugs' - No Word On The Results)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:40:34 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Wire: Prison Caught in Suprise Drug Sweep
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Henry (resist_tyranny@mapinc.org)
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Phil Rogers


JOLIET, July 21 - Inmates at the Joliet Correctional Facility were moved
from their cells and tested for drugs during a full-scale surprise prison
drug sweep this morning.

The raids started at 6:30 AM with a massive show of force. Without warning,
235 correctional officers from throughout the state were posted outside
each cell. Each inmate was handcuffed, then all were rousted from their
beds. The galleries and every cell were evacuated.

At that, the tactical teams swept in, searching for drugs, weapons, and
anything else that didn't belong. Dogs were brought in to sniff for drugs,
but because the dogs can't find everything, officers turned every cell
inside out, trying to make sure that no potential hiding place was left

Personal belongings were searched, and the walls and ceilings were examined
for secret compartments. Guards even X-rayed the bedding, searching for

Officials say the cells may be small, but the hiding places are infinite.
"They could take the guts out of [the mattress]. If they've got any type of
contraband or anything, they could stuff it up inside," said one officer.

While all this was going on inside, the inmates were hustled outside to the
prison gymnasium, where drug tests were conducted on the spot. Special cups
monitored for marijuana, cocaine, or PCP. A special machine screened
clothing for drug residue.

It goes without saying that if the public likes such initiatives, the
inmates do not. "Even if they do find something, it isn't going to stop
nothing that goes on in these joints," said one prisoner.

But the prison staff would argue that point, contending that if nothing
else, the raid left the inmates with a clear message. "They need to know
that...we will come in and do what we need to do," said warden Lamark

The inmates do not have a Fourth Amendment right governing searches and

The Joliet facility, housing 1,215 inmates, was built in 1860, making it
the state's oldest prison. Previously this year, similar raids were
conducted at the state prisons in Galesburg and Mount Vernon.

Mayor Aims To Abolish Methadone Programs - Treatment Experts Are Angered
('The New York Times' Says That As New York Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani
Outlined His Plans To Dramatically Expand His Workfare Program
To Include Drug Addicts, He Veered Unexpectedly From His Prepared Speech
Monday And Announced His Intention To Try To Reduce Methadone Treatment
Programs For Heroin Addicts)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 12:15:20 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NYT: Mayor Aims to Abolish
Methadone Programs; Treatment Experts Are Angered
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Holly Catania (hcatania@sorosny.org)
Source: New York Times (NY)
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Rachel L. Swarns


As Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani outlined plans to dramatically expand his
workfare program to include drug addicts, he veered unexpectedly from his
prepared speech Monday and announced his desire to abolish all methadone
treatment programs for heroin addicts in New York City.

Giuliani, who criticized the programs for substituting a dependency on
methadone for a dependency on heroin, conceded that he could not
unilaterally take such action. Federal and state officials provide about 92
percent of the financing for methadone treatment in New York, Federal
officials say. But Giuliani said he would still lobby to reduce the role of
the programs in the city, which has the largest concentration of recovering
heroin addicts in the country.

"Over a period of time, hopefully within the next two, three or four years,
we will phase out and do away with methadone maintenance programs in the
City of New York," Giuliani said.

His comments quickly created a furor in the drug-treatment community.

Methadone treatment has been embraced by the National Institutes of Health,
Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, the White House's top drug official, and other
drug rehabilitation experts who have all called for an expansion of the
program, which they describe as the best hope for recovering heroin

"He said what?" asked Don Des Jarlais, the director of research for the
Chemical Dependency Institute of Beth Israel Medical Center and an expert
on heroin addiction. "From a public health standpoint, that has to be one
of the more ridiculous things for any public official to have said over the
past 30 years.

"It implies that he was either misunderstood or misspoke, or he does not
have much of an understanding of drug abuse treatment for heroin
addiction," Des Jarlais said.

Federal drug officials also expressed astonishment. "The Mayor of New York
City said that?" said one official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
"Does he realize this is scientifically considered to be the best treatment
for heroin?"

The Mayor caught even some of his own city officials by surprise as he
strayed from the prepared text of a speech that focused on his plan to
require virtually all adults on welfare to work for their benefits by the
year 2000.

Under the new policy, only the most severely disabled people will continue
to receive cash assistance without working. The rest -- currently about
340,000 adults -- will be required to participate in workfare or to find
private-sector jobs. The initiative, which is modeled after a similar
policy in Wisconsin, would create the largest welfare program in the
country to have a universal work requirement.

But Giuliani, who has been promising to enforce a universal work
requirement for months, received the most sustained applause from
supporters and welfare officials when he announced his plan to end the
methadone treatment program. He described drug addiction as the most
serious stumbling block on the road to putting most people on welfare to
work, but he emphasized that drug addicts should learn to recover the hard
way, without the help of medication.

"What we should be teaching in drug-treatment programs is the more
difficult, but the much more loving and caring, attempt to try to
reintegrate into a person the ability to take care of their own life,"
Giuliani said.

Giuliani, who revolutionized the city's welfare system by creating a
workfare program that has sharply reduced the welfare rolls, has already
pushed hundreds of the disabled and the drug-addicted into workfare.
Additionally, welfare officials have begun to discourage the poor from
applying for welfare, urging them to rely on relatives, charity and work.
And this year, the number of people on public assistance plunged to its
lowest point since 1967.

But putting the universal work requirement into practice will be a much
more daunting feat, and the problems posed by welfare recipients suffering
from drug addiction is only one of many obstacles ahead.

Only about 22 percent of adult welfare recipients are working, and city
officials must now confront the task of moving about 260,000 people into
workfare or private-sector jobs over the next 18 months.

Some welfare caseworkers, union officials and advocates for the poor doubt
the city can develop enough workfare positions, private-sector jobs or
child care slots to support such a transition. A similar plan announced in
1996, in which Giuliani promised to create a workfare force of 100,000 over
two years, never materialized. Today, about 36,000 people participate in
workfare, and city officials say that number is expected to increase by
only about 4,000 over the next year.

But Giuliani dismissed doubts about his plan Monday, saying he was
confident that New York City's strong economy and workfare program could
easily absorb thousands of welfare recipients.

"We're going to end welfare by the end of this century completely,"
Giuliani said during a news conference in Manhattan. "Everybody in this
city will work, with the possible exception of people who are truly
disabled or, for some short period of time, are unable to work.

About 30,000 people on public assistance have been excused from working, he
said, because they were participating in drug-treatment programs. Under the
new plan, he said, drug addicts will work and receive treatment. Since
March of this year, 1,139 drug addicts have been assigned to workfare
slots, city officials said. They did not have estimates for the number
expected to be working in the next 12 months.

Ideally, welfare recipients will find private-sector jobs, Giuliani said.
But he emphasized that the workfare program could easily absorb those who
are not able to find work.

But union officials are wary. Earlier this year, they sued the city,
asserting that it used welfare workers to replace civil servants in
hospitals. The city responded by pulling all welfare workers out of the
city hospitals. Stanley Hill, executive director of District Council 37,
said his group would carefully monitor any workfare expansion.

Advocates for the poor also fear the city will not spend enough money on
support services for welfare recipients moving into the work force.
Wisconsin increased spending on each welfare recipient by about 60 percent,
expanding child care and other services.

But city officials said Monday that there were no plans to substantially
increase the investment in day care even though the city suffers from a
severe child-care shortage. Nor are there plans to determine whether the
people who leave welfare or who do not apply after expressing interest
actually find jobs or simply languish in poverty.

"I think the Mayor is right to emphasize work, but it's important to know
what's happened to people who are denied assistance initially or leave the
rolls later," said Jack Krauskopf, the dean of the Graduate School of
Management and Urban Policy at the New School for Social Research.

Krauskopf, who ran the city's department of social services in the 1980's,
said the Mayor's universal work requirement was a worthy goal. "But it's a
very difficult goal to get to," he said.

Copyright 1998 The New York Times

New Call To Legalize Cannabis ('The Legal Intelligencer,'
A Daily Legal Newspaper In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Says Attorney
Lawrence Elliott Hirsch And A Group Of 164 People From 49 States
Have Filed A Groundbreaking Lawsuit In US District Court In Philadelphia
Demanding That Laws Prohibiting The Medical Use Of Marijuana Be Struck Down
As Unconstitutional)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:19:17 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: New Call to Legalize Cannabis
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Rumsey (dirtroad@mcn.org)
Source: The Legal Intelligencer (daily legal newspaper in Philadelphia, PA)
Website: http://www.legalcom.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Shannon P. Duffy (spdlegal@aol.com) U.S. Courthouse Correspondent


Local Attorney Launches Grassroots Effort With Class Action

Demanding that laws prohibiting the medical use of marijuana be struck down
as unconstitutional, a group of 164 people from 49 states has filed a
groundbreaking lawsuit in U.S. District Court here that essentially demands
a peaceful surrender in one of the major battles in the war on drugs.

"The right to consume, ingest or smoke a plant that grows wild in nature,
such as cannabis, is antecedent to and more fundamental than the right to
vote," attorney Lawrence Elliott Hirsch writes.

"There can be no more cruel and unusual punishment than to deprive a
seriously ill or disabled person of the only remedy that has been found to
work. To compound that punishment by incarcerating that person and forcing
him to take debilitating pharmaceuticals is precisely the sort of crime
against humanity committed in the late Soviet Union in which dissidents
were confined to psychiatric institutions and forcibly given drugs."

Unlike most class-action lawsuits where just a handful of typical
plaintiffs represent a group of hundreds or thousands, the approach taken
Kuromiya v. The United States of America is to present the stories of each
of the 164 plaintiffs who claim to represent 97 million Americans who could
benefit from the therapeutic effects of cannabis.

The term "cannabis" is clearly the term preferred by Hirsch. "Defendant
(the government) refers to cannabis as 'marijuana,' the most dangerous drug
in America," he writes.

One-by-one, the lawsuit describes the experiences of the plaintiffs,
beginning with Philadelphia resident Kiyoshi Kuromiya, a 55-year-old man
who has been battling AIDS since 1988 who insists that cannabis is the best
medication for dealing with his "wasting syndrome" because it not only
suppresses nausea, but enhances his appetite.

The list of maladies that the plaintiffs claim cannabis can ameliorate
grows long as one reads on in the testimonials - everything from glaucoma,
an eye disorder long known to benefit from cannabis, to spinal cord
injuries, depression, pre-menstrual syndrome, chronic pain, Lou Gehrig's
disease, and even alcoholism and asthma.

Many detail frustrations with prescription drugs that never worked or
caused debilitating side effects. A consistent theme in the stories is the
discovery of the wonders of cannabis and its one pleasant side effect,

But many also detail their run-ins with the law or their constant fears of
being arrested. While most attest that they currently smoke cannabis on a
daily basis, several say they only wish they could, but that the specter of
a long prison sentence keeps them from doing so.

"Categorically, cannabis as a medicine is the safest therapeutic substance
known to man," Hirsch writes. "There has never been one recorded incidence
of overdose associated with cannabis while aspirin kills 1,000 to 1,500
people a year in the United States."

White-haired and sporting a close-cropped beard, starched white shirt and
American flag-motif tie, Hirsch seems at ease straddling the fence between
the establishment forces he plans to wage legal warfare against and the
counterculture forces, such as the National Organization for the Reform of
Marijuana Laws, that are sure to rally by his side.

The class action suit for cannabis rights is the main effort currently
being handled by his newly formed Hirsch & Caplan Public Interest Law Firm.

But the plaintiffs in the suit were clearly chosen to represent Middle
America and to present compelling tales of the need for the drug.

Prohibition of therapeutic cannabis, Hirsch argues, "is an arrogant
legislative act, far exceeding any legitimate power of Congress. The People
aver that Prohibition is enforced to protect and advance special interests
who believe that cannabis, produced from the land by farmers and The People
as a medicine, would negatively affect their corporate profits and

Hirsch said he firmly believes the conspiracy theory, which goes something
like this: The government, the medical profession and the pharmaceuticals
industry are in cahoots to spread lies about the dangers of "marijuana"
because they know that cannabis is a miraculous curing agent that promises
no profits since users can grow it themselves.

But that's not the argument Hirsch plans to use to win the case, according
to the suit.

The lawsuit is almost purely based on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

"Enactment of prohibition laws without Constitutional Amendment is
unconstitutional," Hirsch writes.

"The People have been converted to criminals if they possess cannabis, even
cannabis seeds; or if they cultivate or market cannabis. The People cannot
freely discuss cannabis without the threat of prosecution for conspiring to
violate the prohibition. The People have been the targets of a ruthless
campaign of lies, cover-ups, and pervasive propaganda to retain the
prohibition of cannabis, which The People contend is this country's most
valuable natural resource."

Hirsch argues that the federal government's classification of cannabis as a
drug or a narcotic "is arbitrary and without scientific merit." To the
contrary, he says, cannabis, or hemp, is simply a plant, and more
specifically an herb.

"Just as it is not a crime to smoke tobacco, or to ingest caffeine, or to
have a beer to relax after a hard day's work, neither can it be construed a
crime to use cannabis. It is no different than using other herbal remedies
like aloe vera, cayenne, chamomile, chasteberry, echinacea, ephedra,
garlic, ginger, ginkgo, ginseng, goldenseal, hawthorn, hops, licorice, milk
thistle, nettle, passion flower, peppermint, St. John's wort, senna and
Witch Hazel."

Hirsch argues that the drafters of the Constitution also understood the
promises made in the Declaration of Independence and that they "undertook
to secure conditions favorable to the pursuit of happiness."

In the Bill of Rights, he argues, the founding fathers "recognized the
significance of man's spiritual nature, of his feeling and of his
intellect. They knew that only a part of the pain, pleasure and
satisfactions of life are to be found in material things. They sought to
protect Americans in their beliefs, their thoughts, their emotions, and
their sensations."

To accomplish that goal, Hirsch says, the Constitution "conferred, as
against the government, the right to be let alone - the most comprehensive
of rights and the right most valued by civilized men."

Once it was decided that there would be a strong, central, federal
government, Hirsch says, many people - notably Thomas Jefferson, James
Madison and, later, John Adams - wanted to make sure that the power of that
government was severely limited.

"They wanted to be certain that the government did what it needed to do,
and nothing more," he argues. "Other than defending the borders,
establishing treaties, settling disputes, keeping a level playing field for
commerce, and ensuring the free flow of goods and ideas, they wanted to
make sure the government left the people blessedly alone."

To protect that right today, Hirsch argues, "every unjustifiable intrusion
by the government upon the privacy of the individual, whatever the means
employed, must be deemed a violation of both the First and the Fourth

Even before reading some of the over-the-top rhetoric, the lawsuit itself
stands out from the crowd, weighing in at 128 single-spaced pages packed
with more than 78,000 words - hardly a model of compliance with Rule 9(b)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure which call on lawyers to draft
lawsuits in the form of a "short, plain statement."

Hirsch's document, which verges on the length of a novel, arguably serves
the purpose of a slew of papers one might find in a courthouse file after a
case has been in litigation for many months, as well as some that are
rarely found there.

In other words, it looks like it could function as a lawsuit, depositions,
responses to a motion to dismiss, expert witness reports, and a brief in
opposition to a summary judgment motion all wrapped up in one. Add to that
a political manifesto, a closing argument, press releases, a few chapters
from a history book, and a glossary of important terms.

The table of contents shows that the stories of the class plaintiffs make
up most of the body of the lawsuit, running from page 3 to page 110.

Hirsch then goes on to offer some "Basic American History," followed by a
history of cannabis use as both a drug and as hemp for rope, paper and
other useful goods, and scientific explanations of the cannabis plant, its
seed and its oil.

The suit then attacks the THC pill, also known as Marinol, for being much
less effective than the whole plant.

The history of the prohibition on marijuana is explained next, beginning
with the Reefer Madness of the 1920s and '30s, culminating in the Marijuana
Tax Act of 1937 and leading to the current Controlled Substances Act of

Hirsch said he has served the suit on the Justice Department and is
awaiting their response. He says he's ready for whatever they have.

When asked if the government will try to argue that marijuana is dangerous
and that those who want to use it for therapeutic purposes can find safer
more effective cures in drug stores, Hirsch says, "Let them try."

"I'm ready to put my experts up against their experts."

The lawsuit is available for viewing at Hirsch's Website by pointing an
Internet browser to www.fairlaw.org.

Two Lawyers Convicted In Drug Cartel ('The Orange County Register'
Version Of Yesterday's News About A Jury In Miami Convicting Two US Lawyers,
One A Former Senior Government Justice Official, Of Conspiring With
Colombian Illegal Drug Merchants)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:06:39 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US FL: 2 Lawyers Convicted In Drug Cartel
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W.Black
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Author: From Register news services


Two lawyers,one of whom disappeared when he got word of a verdict, were
convicted Monday in Miami of funneling hush money, delivering threats and
preparing false affidavits for kingpins of Colombia's Cali drug cartel.

Former Justice Department extradition expert Michael Abbell and missing
Miami lawyer William Moran were found guilty of two conspiracy counts, each
punishable by up to 20 years in prison.

The jury could not reach a verdict on two drug-trafficking conspiracy
charges carrying possible life terms, and the judge declared a mistrial on
those counts.

The two defense attorneys were accused of crossing the line between
zealously representing their clients and actually taking part in their crimes.

Online Debate (A Bulletin From The Marijuana Policy Project
In Washington, DC, Alerts You To The Debate On Marijuana Policy
Thursday, July 23, Featuring Nadine Strossen, President Of The American
Civil Liberties Union, And Chuck Blanchard, Legal Counsel For The White House
Office Of National Drug Control Policy)

Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 14:37:41 -0700 (PDT)
From: owner-mppupdates@igc.apc.org
To: "undisclosed-recipients:;"@igc.org
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 17:37:08 +0000
From: Marijuana Policy Project (MPP@MPP.ORG)
Organization: Marijuana Policy Project
Sender: owner-mppupdates@igc.apc.org
Subject: Does MPP have your correct street address?
To: MPPupdates@igc.org
UPDATE: In the days since MPP's last e-mail update, which urged readers
to participate in TIME magazine's on-line poll on drug prohibition
the percentage of respondents in favor of continuing the prohibition of
all illicit drugs has dropped to only 9 percent.


ON-LINE DEBATE: On Thursday, July 23, a debate on marijuana policy
between Nadine Strossen, president of the American Civil Liberties Union
(ACLU) and Chuck Blanchard, legal counsel for the White House Office of
National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP, the office of the
"Drug Czar") will go on-line at http://www.intellectualcapital.com.

Please check out the debate and voice your opinion.


MPP's ANNUAL REPORT: If we have your snail-mail (street) address, then
by now you should have received MPP's "1997 Annual Report," which
provides an overview of our work. If you did not receive the annual
report, then either we never had your address or the one we have is
outdated. Can you please e-mail it to us?



To support MPP's work and receive the quarterly newsletter,
"Marijuana Policy Report," please send $25.00 annual
membership dues to:

Marijuana Policy Project (MPP)
P.O. Box 77492
Capitol Hill
Washington, D.C. 20013

202-232-0442 FAX


From: David Mickenberg (dmickenberg@sorosny.org)
Subject: Forwarding Urgent Message from Loren Siegel,
Director of Public Education ACLU
Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 13:46:29 -0400
Sender: owner-tlc-activist@server.soros.org

Dear Friends,

On July 23rd, a debate between Nadine Strossen, President of the ACLU,
and Chuck Blanchard, legal counsel for the ONDCP will be posted online
at www.intellectualcapital.com on the subject of marijuana policy (IC is
an online magazine owned and edited by former Gov. Pete duPont of
Delaware). Drug Watch has sent an alert its supporters, warning that
"the drug promoters will flood the Internet as they usually do," and
asking "drug preventionists" to post comments. So, let's give them a
run for it! Thanks for your support.

Loren Siegel
Director of Public Education


David Mickenberg
The Lindesmith Center
(212) 548-0383

Study - GOP Enjoys Tobacco's Perks (An 'Associated Pres' Article
In 'The Los Angeles Times' Says A New Report By Democrats On The House
Government Reform And Oversight Committee Shows That While Republicans
In Congress Took Numerous Rides Aboard Jets Owned By Tobacco Companies
Before The Senate Killed The McCain Tobacco Bill, Sponsored By An Arizona
Republican, A Wide Array Of Other Corporations Provide Jet Travel
To Lawmakers Of Both Parties)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 01:14:57 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Study: GOP Enjoys Tobacco's Perks
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Author: Laurie Kellman, Associated Press Writer


WASHINGTON - Republicans in Congress took numerous rides aboard jets owned by
tobacco companies in the 17 months before the GOP killed a Senate tobacco
bill the industry strongly opposed, a Democratic study of election records
shows. The report by Democrats on the House Government Reform and Oversight
Committee also showed that a wide array of other corporations -from the
health industry to casino and insurance interests -provide jet travel to
lawmakers of both parties. Federal election law requires the lawmakers to
reimburse companies for the travel.

As House Republicans prepare to defend their 11 -seat majority in this
fall's elections, Rep. Henry Waxman, the ranking Democrat on the panel, said
the report is evidence that the GOP killed a broad anti-smoking bill last
month as a favor to the tobacco industry.

"As far as Republicans are concerned, 'Air Tobacco' is their official
airlines," said Waxman, D-Calif., who issued the report Monday.

"As far as tobacco companies are concerned, this is a way for them to buy
greater influence with Republicans who run the Congress."

The anti-smoking bill sponsored by Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., would have
charged the industry at least $516 billion over 25 years and denied
companies the lawsuit protection they demand.

The report, which analyzed federal election records of the number of
reimbursement payments between January 1997 and May, shows tobacco companies
provided lawmakers more private air travel than any other corporate
interest, and that Republicans by far received the bulk of such perks.

Waxman, one of Congress' staunchest smoking foes and a leading proponent of
campaign finance reform legislation, said the study of Federal Election
Commission records found that of the 236 Republican travel payments to
corporations, 84 of them went to the tobacco industry.

In contrast, Democratic entities made 23 payments to corporations.
Democratic staff members said they could find no Democratic payments to
tobacco companies.

Federal election laws require lawmakers to report the amount of the
reimbursement, the date of payment and the name of the recipient. But no
other details are required of lawmakers, which makes it impossible to
determine how many flights were taken by each lawmaker.

Waxman said his staff tried to get that information from Republicans, who

Democrats charged that despite the reimbursements -at the cost of
first-class or charter airfare -the private jet trips amount to subsidized
travel in accommodations far more luxurious than upgraded commercial seats,
and cheaper than the cost of chartering a private plane. Companies pick up
the remainder of the cost, which can be tens of thousands of dollars.

Republicans say they reimbursed the companies for the cost of the flights
according to federal election laws. Since those same laws often require
lawmakers to write several checks for the reimbursement of the cost of one
flight, the number of checks written does not accurately reflect the
frequency with which Republicans used tobacco company planes. No Republicans
interviewed could provide an accurate count of the number of private flights
their lawmakers made.

The Democratic report contains "a wildly inflated count," said Republican
National Committee spokesman Mike Collins.

Waxman's own report proves that the industry "had no influence over
(legislative) decisions whatsoever," said Rep. John Linder, R-Ga., chairman
of the National Republican Congressional Committee, because it accuses the
GOP of being influenced by tobacco companies even when the party was
pursuing a bill tobacco companies staunchly opposed.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

Drug Policy Foundation Opposes New Mandatory Minimum (A Press Release
From The New York-Based Reform Group Says It Has Joined Civil Rights
And Civil Liberties Groups In Raising Objections To HR 3898,
The 'Speed Trafficking Life In Prison Act Of 1998,' Approved Today
By The Judiciary Committee Of The US House Of Representatives)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 00:14:23 EDT
Errors-To: dpf-mod@dpf.org
Reply-To: dpnews@dpf.org
Originator: dpnews@dpf.org
Sender: dpnews@dpf.org
From: "Drug Policy News Service" (dpf-mod@dpf.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (dpnews@dpf.org)
Subject: Press Release.v2: DPF Opposes New Mandatory Minimum


Groups Characterize New Drug Legislation as Irrational
McCollum's Statement Raises Concern of Racial Bias

For Release: Tuesday, July 21, 1998
Contact: Rob Stewart or Scott Ehlers (202) 537-5005

Washington, DC -- The Drug Policy Foundation joined civil rights and civil
liberties groups in raising objections to H.R. 3898, the "Speed Trafficking
Life in Prison Act of 1998," approved today by the Judiciary Committee of
the U.S. House of Representatives.

"This legislation fails on three counts," said DPF Public Policy Director H.
Alexander Robinson. "It continues to offer a criminal justice solution to
what is primarily a public health problem, it removes the case-by-case
judicial discretion necessary for the fair administration of justice, and it
arbitrarily singles out the use or distribution of a particular drug without
any demonstrated scientific rationale."

The legislation, introduced by Rep. Pete Sessions (R-TX), would reduce by
one-half the quantity of methamphetamine required to trigger mandatory
minimum sentences of five or ten years in prison, increasing the penalties
to the unjustifiable levels set for crack cocaine.

In a June 14 letter to members of the Judiciary Committee, DPF, the American
Civil Liberties Union, and the Justice Policy Institute criticized the bill,
saying that it would continue a system of mandatory sentencing that is
"ineffective and expensive."

A June 9 memorandum distributed to the House Judiciary Committee by Rep.
Bill McCollum states, "Over the last eight years, Mexican drug organizations
have replaced motorcycle gangs as the major methamphetamine producers ...
and have saturated the western U.S. markets."

"We are extremely troubled by the race-based rationale that Rep. McCollum's
statements appears to be offering to justify this bill," stated Robinson.
"As with mandatory sentencing for crack cocaine, this type of scapegoating
only creates further disrespect for the laws in already severely
disenfranchised communities."

Robinson's comment echoed concerns that were heard during Committee debate
today. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX) said that she was concerned that the
bill specifically targets Mexican-Americans for the increased sentences. "I
do not want to be part of a bill that specifically targets a minority
group," she said. "I am concerned that we are walking into essentially the
same controversy that we had just a few years ago involving
African-Americans and the sentencing disparities between crack and powder

"The alarmingly disparate impact of mandatory sentencing on
African-Americans is not a thing of the past," noted Robinson. "The crack
sentencing mandates should be repealed. This new legislation is simply
irrational, expensive, and should be rejected."


Established in 1986, the Drug Policy Foundation is a private nonprofit with
over 18,000 supporters who favor a range of reasoned and compassionate
alternatives to current policies.


This press release was brought to you by the Drug Policy News Service, a
service of the Drug Policy Foundation. To sign up for the Drug Policy News
Service, send email to listproc@dpf.org with the following in the message:

subscribe dpnews (Firstname Lastname)

[replace "(" with "<" and ")" with ">" - ed.]


The Drug Policy Foundation
"Creating Reasoned and Compassionate Drug Policies"

4455 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite B-500
Washington, DC 20008-2328
ph: (202) 537-5005 * fax: (202) 537-3007

McCaffrey Still Down On Dutch ('The Orange County Register'
Says The Clinton Administration's Drug Policy Director On Monday
Criticized A Heroin Maintenance Program In The Netherlands,
Saying The Program Would Commit 'Part Of The Population
To Suffering Endlessly From Heroin')

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:12:05 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: McCaffrey Still Down On Dutch
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk:John W.Black
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Author: Nicole Tsong-Hearst Newspapers


Drugs: He criticizes a new program, designed to keep addicts off the street,
that offers free heroin, housing and other services.

WASHINGTON - The Clinton administration's drug policy director Monday
criticized a heroin distribution program in the Netherlands, even after his
disapproving statements over that nations's drug policy angered the Dutch
government last week.

The recent uproar over retired Army Gen. Barry McCaffrey's attacks on
liberal Dutch drug policy as an "unmitigated disaster" put him on the
defensive during his recent eight-day European tour, which included visits
to prevention centers in the Netherlands. But in a news conference Monday,
McCaffrey criticized the Dutch government for providing heroin to addicts.

McCaffrey said the program would commit "part of the population to suffering
endlessly from heroin."

The Netherlands, which allows the sale of limited amounts of marijuana,
started the program for heroin addicts July 1. The program provides a heroin
injection or an injection or an inhalable tablet for addicts, plus money for
housing or other services.

The heroin program, similar to one used in Switzerland, is intended to keep
crime down and addicts off the street, according to Robert Housman of the
Office of National Drug Control Policy, which McCaffrey directs.

While attacking the heroin program and the marijuana sales, McCaffrey
praised the Netherlands' extensive treatment and outreach programs, which
reach an estimated 70 percent of heroin addicts.

The Netherlands has been effective in using counseling and drug treatments,
such as methadone, to combat heroin addiction.

McCaffrey said methadone should be one of the principal methods for reducing
heroin addiction in this country. He added that it was one of the ways "to
get people to go back to work, back into their families and reduce the

Drug Chief Mitigates Slap At Dutch After Tour ('The Washington Post'
Says General Barry McCaffrey Now Considers Dutch Drugs Policy
To Be A 'Mitigated' Rather Than An 'Unmitigated' Disaster)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:46:43 GMT
To: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: McC in Wash Post/softening criticism
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Well, DRCTalk has seemed to be dark since the server change, so here's my
contribution. I feel sort of obliged at this point to forward this final
piece about McC and the Dutch. All the controversy convinced him to drop
two letters from his criticism of the program. You have to read the whole
story to see which two...

-- dave fratello


The Washington Post
Tuesday, July 21, 1998


McCaffery Softens His Criticism of Drug Policies

By Michael Grunwald

Less than two weeks ago, White House drug policy chief Barry R. McCaffrey
sparked an international stir by attacking Dutch drug-fighting policies as
"an unmitigated disaster." Yesterday, he offered a new description of their
efforts: "very impressive."

McCaffrey is still no fan of the permissive Dutch attitude toward
marijuana, and he was appalled by a "heroin provision" experiment for
addicts he saw during a one-day dash through the Netherlands last week. But
he said he was pleasantly surprised by aggressive Dutch efforts to rein in
drug smuggling, "drug tourism" and drug-related violence.

He even said that the United States could learn a great deal from the
expansive Dutch approach to funding drug treatment, especially methadone
programs for heroin users.

"I am envious of their ability to deliver drug treatment and health care to
heroin addicts," said McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug
Control Policy. "Our program is inadequate in coverage."

It was quite a change of tune for McCaffrey, who made front-page news in
the Netherlands with his "unmitigated disaster" comment during a July 9
appearance on a CNN talk show. McCaffrey said on the program that Dutch
acceptance of marijuana as a harmless "soft drug" has fueled dramatic
increases in crime and warned that official toleration of nearly 1,200
"cannabis clubs" in the Netherlands was setting a terrible example for
Europe. The Dutch ambassador to the United States, Joris Vos, responded
that he was "confounded and dismayed" by McCaffrey's remarks.

McCaffrey, a four-star general who served with distinction in the Vietnam
War and the Persian Gulf War, has courted controversy since President
Clinton named him to lead America's war on drugs in 1996. He was a bitter
critic of needle exchange programs, then muted his criticism somewhat after
Clinton endorsed them as a useful tool against AIDS. He praised Mexico's
top anti-drug official, Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, as "an honest man,"
then professed shock when Gutierrez was arrested in a corruption sting
after just 10 weeks in office.

Yesterday, in a news conference about his week-long swing through six
European countries, McCaffrey acknowledged that he had overstepped with his
"unmitigated disaster" criticism of the Dutch. "In a more balanced vein,
I'd suggest that there are areas of agreement and areas of disagreement,"
he said. "Friends can disagree with friends."

Dutch officials yesterday said they welcomed his more conciliatory tone. "I
think he made a good visit and learned a lot," said embassy spokeswoman
Madelien DePlanque. "He doesn't agree with everything we do, but he's
entitled to an opinion."

McCaffrey visited a methadone program in Amsterdam and said he came away
impressed by the ease with which Dutch heroin addicts can get treatment. In
America, he said, methadone clinics are few and far between, and addicts
who do find them often face a maze of bureaucratic obstacles; only 115,000
of the estimated 800,000 U.S. heroin addicts currently get methadone.

McCaffrey also said he now believes that the Dutch are doing an "excellent
job" cracking down on serious drug crimes and getting tough with
"drug-dazed" foreign tourists who visit the country for its
marijuana-selling "coffee shops."

But McCaffrey is not quite ready for America to go Dutch when it comes to
drug abuse. He criticized the toleration of cannabis clubs as "legal
hypocrisy." He distributed statistics indicating dramatic across-the-board
increases in crime and drug-related deaths in the Netherlands since 1978.
He said he was disturbed by his visit with Rotterdam scientists who are
dispensing heroin to 750 addicts. And he warned that "this beautiful,
clean, quiet little country" has become a production and distribution hub
for much of the European drug trade.

"They just haven't connected their problems to their attitudes towards drug
abuse," McCaffrey said. "They seem to think marijuana is benign. It's not

McCaffrey refused to visit a cannabis club, explaining that he already
knows what people look like when they smoke pot. But he's done calling
Dutch policy an "unmitigated disaster."

"You can say it's a mitigated disaster," he said.

Drug Czar Downplays Dutch Criticism ('The Associated Press' Version
In 'The Los Angeles Times')

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 01:09:22 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Drug Czar Downplays Dutch Criticism
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Author: Janelle Carter, Associated Press Writer


After making the Dutch angry by calling their drug policy disastrous, U.S.
drug policy chief Barry McCaffrey is characterizing the debate as
adisagreement between friends. "Friends are allowed to disagree,"
McCaffrey said Monday in a press briefing. He returned over the weekend from
an eight-day trip to view treatment programs and drug-fighting efforts in
Sweden, Portugal, Austria, Switzerland, England and the Netherlands.
McCaffrey's trip was overshadowed by comments he made a week earlier calling
Dutch policy an "unmitigated disaster." The comments prompted an outcry from
Dutch residents and a harsh letter to McCaffrey from the Dutch ambassador to
the United States.

In sharp contrast to the United States' zero tolerance drug policy, the
Dutch have a laissez-faire policy. Marijuana and hashish are technically
illegal, but the sale and consumption of small amounts of these drugs in
"coffee shops" are tolerated by Dutch authorities. Hard drugs like cocaine
and heroin cannot be sold that way, but are also cheap and easily available.

McCaffrey sought to downplay the incident Monday.

"There are areas of agreement between the Netherlands and the United
States," McCaffrey told reporters back on his home turf. "I listened very
carefully to their ideas." But he said U.S. treatment policy should be based
"not on ideology but on science."

McCaffrey said he was most impressed by the availability of methadone
treatments for heroin addicts and wants to increase this country's
capability to offer them. But he warned that they must be monitored closely
to prevent diversion into the mainstream population.

"It can kill you deader than a doornail if you take the normal dosage rate
for a heroin addict," he said.

The United States has an estimated 455,000 heroin addicts, with about
115,000 in methadone treatment at 800 clinics.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

Why Dutch Drug Policy Threatens The US (A Translation Of An Excellent Op-Ed
In The Dutch Newspaper, 'Het Parool,' By Craig Reinarman, Author
Of 'Crack In America - Demon Drugs And Social Justice,' An American
Professor And Visiting Scholar At The University Of Amsterdam, Who Explains
To The Dutch That The US Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrey, Lied About
The Netherlands' Experience Because The US Drug Control Complex Fears
Dutch Drug Policy Like The Catholic Church Feared Galileo - They Must Believe
The Dutch Model Is A Failure, Or Their Whole Cosmology Shatters)

Date: 	Tue, 21 Jul 1998 19:30:52 -0300 (ADT)
Sender: Chris Donald (ai256@chebucto.ns.ca)
From: Chris Donald (ai256@chebucto.ns.ca)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: Essay: Dutch response to US Drug Czar's invented "facts"

Source: Het Parool [The Word]
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Author: Craig Reinarman

He said it would be a "fact finding tour," but U.S. Drug Czar, General
Barry McCaffrey, made it clear before he ever left home that he would bring
his own "facts" about Dutch drug policy. He did his best impersonation of
a man "listening" during his few hours here, but in the end it was clearly
a "fact bringing" tour. Dutch officials and journalists immediately caught
him with his evidentiary pants down and chastised him for making false
claims about drug use and crime in the Netherlands.

Such slanders are nothing new. A few years ago, McCaffrey's predecessor
claimed that all the Dutch youth in Vondel Park were "stoned zombies." An
earlier Drug Czar proclaimed "you can't walk down the street in Amsterdam
without tripping over junkies." It is said that truth is the first
casualty of war, and drug wars are no different.

My Dutch friends and colleagues ask me in astonishment why Drug Czars
behave in such a strange manner? U.S. officials are threatened by Dutch
drug policy because it cuts against the grain of the moral ideology
underlying U.S. drug policy. That ideology runs deep in American culture
and politics. The U.S. has a history of hysteria about intoxicating
substances dating back to the 19th century Temperance crusade. For over a
hundred years, Americans believed that Satan's "demon drink" was the direct
cause of poverty, ill health, crime, insanity, and the demise of
civilisation. This fundamentalist crusade culminated with national alcohol
prohibition in 1919.

Alcohol Prohibition Agents quickly took over the job of creating U.S. drug
policy. Without debate, they chose criminalization. A series of antidrug
scares since then has led to the criminalization of more drugs and the
imprisonment of more drug users for longer terms. What animated each of
these scares, from the crusade against alcohol on, was less public health
than the politics of fear - fear of change, of "foreigners," of the
working class, of non-whites, of rebellious college students, of lost

Having scapegoated drugs for so long, U.S. politicians cannot contemplate a
"tolerant" system like the Dutch. They compete for votes on the basis of
whose rhetoric is "tougher" on drugs. The Right-wing Republicans who
control Congress call President Clinton "soft on drugs" even though more
drug users are imprisoned now than ever. Clinton appointed McCaffrey Drug
Czar not because the General has any training in drugs, but because he was
a military man who would symbolize "toughness."

U.S. drug policy has been getting "tougher." The Czar's budget was
increased from $1 billion in 1980 to $17 billion this year. The number of
drug offenders imprisoned in the U.S. has increased 800% since 1980,
helping the U.S. achieve the highest imprisonment rate in the
industrialized world -- 550 per 100,000 population, compared to the
Netherlands' 79 per 100,000. Under the banner of the war on drugs, a kind
of creeping totalitarianism tramples more human rights and civil liberties
each year: tens of millions of "clean" citizens subjected to supervised
urine tests at work; hundreds of thousands searched in their homes or, on
the basis of racist "trafficker profiles," at airports or on freeways;
possessions seized by the state on suspicion alone. And U.S. school
children have been bombarded with more antidrug propaganda than any
generation in history.

The results of all this suggest why U.S. officials are lashing out. Their
own surveys show that illicit drug use by American youth has increased in
five of the last six years. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
admits that hard drugs are just as available, less expensive, and more pure
than ever. Hard drug abuse and addiction among the urban poor remain
widespread. Some judges have even refused to apply harsh drug laws.
Opinion polls now show a majority of Americans do not believe the war on
drugs can be won. More and more are voicing their opposition and seeking
alternatives to punitive prohibition. The drug policy reform movement in
the U.S. is growing larger and more diverse.

And when these pesky heretics argue that there are alternatives to punitive
prohibition, one of their key examples is Dutch drug policy. U.S. drug
warriors wish the Netherlands example did not exist, but since they cannot
make even small countries disappear, they are reduced to making up their
own "facts" about it.

Dutch drug policy is a threat to drug warriors precisely because it has NOT
led to what McCaffrey called an "unmitigated disaster." Dutch society has
its drug problems, of course, but no more and often less than most other
modern democracies. In fact, more people have tried cannabis in the U.S.
where millions have gone to prison for it than in the Netherlands where
citizens may buy it lawfully. The U.S. drug control complex fears Dutch
drug policy like the Catholic Church feared Galileo - they MUST believe
the Dutch model is a failure, for if it is not their whole cosmology

U.S. drug control ideology holds that there is no such thing as use of an
illicit drug, only abuse. Drug use patterns in the Netherlands show that
for the overwhelming majority of users, drugs are just one more type of
genotsmiddelen [food, spice, or intoxicant giving pleasure to the senses]
that the Dutch have been importing and culturally domesticating for

U.S. officials tend to lump all illicit drugs together, as if all were
equally dangerous and addictive. Dutch drug policy makes pragmatic
distinctions based on relative risks. When U.S. officials are confronted
by the scientific evidence that cannabis is among the least risky drugs,
they fall back on the claim that it is a "stepping stone" to hard drugs.
But here, too, the evidence from Dutch surveys is heresy: despite tolerant
policies and ready availability, most Dutch people never try cannabis, and
most who do try it don't continue to use even cannabis very often, much
less harder drugs. In short, the Dutch facts are a Drug Czar's nightmare.

Leaders more secure about the effectiveness and fairness of their own drug
policies would feel less need to attack Dutch drug policy. Dutch officials
do not proselytize, urging other nations to adopt their methods, and the
U.S. is obviously not obliged to adopt any part of the Dutch approach. By
the same logic, the U.S. should realize that other societies do not share
its phobias and do not appreciate its tendency toward drug policy
imperialism -- particularly when what the U.S. offers is repressive,
expensive failure.

We inhabit an increasingly multi-cultural world, which is also a
multi-lifestyle and multi-morality world. Drug policy, therefore, cannot
be as simple as stretch socks - "one size fits all." Neither European
integration nor globalized markets erase differences in language, culture,
behavior, or politics. Thus, a cookie cutter approach in which each
nation's drug policy is identical =96 whether punitive prohibition or any
other model =96 makes no sense. Dutch drug policy has bravely broadened
the range of possibilities to examine, which is as useful for those who
want to learn something as it is fearful for those who do not.

Dr. Reinarman is Professor of Sociology at the University of California,
Santa Cruz, and Visiting Scholar at the Centrum voor Drugsonderzoek at the
Universiteit van Amsterdam. His most recent book is "Crack In America:
Demon Drugs and Social Justice," with Harry G. Levine et al.

Re - Drug Chief Unconvinced By Dutch Policy (A List Subscriber
Responds To Friday's 'San Francisco Chronicle' Article By Citing US,
Swedish And Dutch Mortality Rates Attributable To Illegal Drugs)

Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 12:32:47 -0700
To: mattalk@islandnet.com, maptalk@mapinc.org, drctalk@drcnet.org
From: R Givens (rgivens@sirius.com)
Subject: SENT LTE: Europe Unconvinced By Drug Chief

re: Drug Chief Unconvinced by Dutch Policy
pub date: July 17, 1998 page A 13
source: San Francisco Chronicle
contact: chronletters@sfgate.com

McCzar started his dissembling diplomacy by praising Sweden as a model for
European drug prohibition policy and condemning Dutch drug policies as "an
unmitigated disaster" responsible for a murder rate of 17.58/100,000 in
The Netherlands compared to 8.22 murders per 100,000 people in the United
States. "That's drugs," McCaffrey said.

Our bumbling narco-diplomat need not wonder why his attempts to sell failed
American drug prohibition landed on deaf ears throughout Europe. To begin
with the Dutch actually have a murder rate of 1.8 per 100,000, less than
one fourth that of the United States. (McCzar blamed his mistake on
erroneous Interpol figures.) Sweden, which McCaffrey praises as a model for
drug policy has an illicit drug death rate of 23.5 per million inhabitants
while the Netherlands have only 2.4 drug related deaths per million or
about one-tenth that of the Swedes. That isn't bad enough. The US had 38.2
drug deaths per million inhabitants in 1995 which is over 15 times higher
than Holland.

McCzar blindly condemned Dutch policy, but the truth (generally known in
Europe) is that the Netherlands has fewer "drug problems" than the United
States in every category. The average age of opiate addicts in Holland has
risen from 26.8 yrs in 1981 to 37 yrs in 1998. In the same period the
percent of opiate addicts in Amsterdam under 22 yrs of age has dropped from
14.4% in 1981 to 1.2% in 1998. Opiate addiction in Holland has declined
considerably under their liberal policies. Meanwhile on the home front
McCzar complains about increasing heroin use among 8th graders and the DEA
reports that heroin and cocaine are purer and cheaper than ever.

McCzar was like a time travelling doctor from 1750 trying to convince
physicians trained in laser surgery, molecular biology and nuclear medicine
that indiscriminate blood letting and enemas will cure "anything that ails
a man." The United States leads Europe in addiction, HIV-AIDS rates among
addicts, addict mortality, child drug abuse, criminal activity associated
with drugs and virtually every other category of drug harm. That's drug

R Givens

CIA - No Plans For Public Release Of Contra Report
(According To 'The Associated Press,' A US Intelligence Official,
Speaking On Condition Of Anonymity, Said Last Friday That
Because The 500-Page Inspector General Report Inspired By Gary Webb's
'Dark Alliance' Series In 'The San Jose Mercury News' Contains So Much
Information About Central Intelligence Agency Sources And Methods,
It May Be Impossible To Declassify In Any Intelligible Form)

Date: Fri, 24 Jul 1998 11:43:51 -0700 (PDT)
From: Anti-Prohibition Lg (aal@INETARENA.COM)
To: "DRCTalk Reformer's Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
cc: editor@MAPINC.ORG
Subject: CIA-crack report will remain secret unless ... (fwd)
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Interesting to note the day after this report the Justice Dept.
"confirms lack of CIA-Nicaragua ties" and releases a report "rejecting the
most serious charges of government misconduct." Remember all this spin is
coming from the Justice's IG Michael Bromwich, the "internal watchdog."

Where's a special prosecutor when we really need him?

---------- Forwarded message ----------

CIA: No plans for public release of Contra report

July 21, 1998 By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON -- Despite a senator's argument that much information in a
CIA report is already public, the agency has no plans to release its
findings that U.S. intelligence in the 1980s worked with suspected
drug traffickers fighting Nicaragua's communist regime.

A classified CIA inspector general report found that the agency was
less than vigilant in investigating drug allegations against some of
its paid informants among the Nicaraguan Contras.

While many of the report's details have been aired as long ago as
1987, a U.S. intelligence official, speaking on the condition of
anonymity, said last Friday that because the report contains so much
information about agency sources and methods, it may be impossible to
declassify in any intelligible form.

The House and Senate Intelligence committees have received the report,
but CIA Director George Tenet has not decided whether to release a
declassified version.

Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., a member of the Senate Intelligence
Committee, wrote Tenet on July 16 urging release of the report titled
"Allegations of Connections Between CIA and the Contras in Cocaine
Trafficking to the United States."

"I have read portions of the report and know that much of this
information is already in the public domain," wrote Kerry, who chaired
a 1987 Senate investigation that detailed drug activities by Contra
rebels and their supporters and showed links between some of these
individuals and the CIA. The material that has not been previously
published, Kerry said, "does not merit being withheld from public

The 500-page inspector general report is the second volume of a CIA
study that grew out of a hotly disputed newspaper account about the
spread of crack cocaine in American cities.

The second volume confirms conclusions reached in the first report,
portions of which were made public in January, that there was no
evidence any CIA officials engaged in drug trafficking with Contra
rebels. The first volume also included the finding that the CIA was
aware of alleged drug activity by some of its Contra contacts, but the
latest installment goes into more detail.

The New York Times reported on the second volume of the CIA report in
its Friday editions.

The CIA inquiry stemmed from a 1996 series in the San Jose Mercury
News that alleged a "dark alliance" between the CIA and
Contra-connected drug dealers. The series created an uproar,
particularly in black communities, over the suggestion that the CIA
allowed its Contra contacts to engineer the spread of crack cocaine in
poor urban neighborhoods.

The newspaper later stated that the series was flawed and reassigned
the reporter.

CIA officials in the early 1980s occasionally received reports and
allegations, some of them originating in newspapers sympathetic to the
Nicaraguan Sandinista government, of drug trafficking by Contra rebels
or supporters. In all, 50 of these people came under suspicion and the
agency continued to work with about two dozen of them, the report

The inspector general's report criticizes the CIA for poor
record-keeping; the report was unable to determine how many of the 50
individuals were further investigated by the CIA after allegations
surfaced. The report also notes that more recent CIA regulations
governing dealings with potentially unsavory sources would require
such inquiries and better record-keeping.

The intelligence official said no one should be surprised that some of
the guerrilla operators with whom the CIA had to deal in Central
America in the early 1980s were unsavory.

Despite frequent criticism about some of its sources and contacts, the
CIA insists, as a matter of policy, on the right to gain information
from potential or even known lawbreakers.

Crime Finds Home On US-Canada Border ('USA Today' Says British Columbian
Marijuana Trades Pound-For-Pound For Cocaine And Is Flooding The West Coast
Of The United States, Contributing To An Increase In 'Crime' Along The Border
With Canada To Levels Surpassing The Rum-Running Days Of Prohibition)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 18:45:33 -0500
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Crime Finds Home On U.S.-Canada Border
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: USA Today (US)
Pubdate: Tue, 21 Jul 1998
Contact: editor@usatoday.com
Website: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nfront.htm
Author: Martin Kasindorf, USA TODAY


BLAINE, Wash. - With official attention in Washington riveted on the
U.S.-Mexican border, crime along the USA's undefended border with
Canada is climbing to levels surpassing the rum-running days of

From the moose wallows of Maine to the raspberry fields of Washington
state, border authorities are wrestling with these problems:

For 18 months, shipments of the $7,000-a-pound British Columbia marijuana
known as "B.C. Bud" have been deluging the West Coast. The popular drug is
so potent that dealers trade it pound for pound for cocaine, U.S. Border
Patrol agents say. One means of transporting B.C. Bud: sea kayak. The arrest
in New York City of a suspected terrorist who had entered the U.S. from
Canada has spotlighted the Ottawa government's willingness to offer
political asylum to radicals fleeing the Middle East. The suspect, when
discovered, was building a bomb, allegedly to plant in the subway. Some
congressmen now worry that more would-be terrorists will try to infiltrate
from Canada. Aliens from Asia who are smuggled into the United States from
Canada are drowning in the St. Lawrence and Niagara rivers. Some Mohawk
Indians exploit their 11,000-resident reservation's strategic position on
New York's border with Ontario and Quebec. At least 12 times since 1994,
arrest reports in both countries have alleged Mohawks' involvement in
smuggling drugs and people to the United States as well as cigarettes and
liquor to Canada to evade that country's high taxes. Last month, a former
Mohawk chief was indicted by federal prosecutors for racketeering. Smuggled
merchandise ranging from Beanie Babies to embargoed Iranian carpets is
crossing the porous frontier, and inspectors say they're seizing 10% of it
at best. "Not to denigrate the war on drugs, but we have the war on rugs,"
says Tom Leupp, chief Border Patrol agent in Swanton, Vt.

For decades, the 4,000-mile border was the peaceful domain of
migrating moose and pleasure-seeking tourists. Canadians and Americans
still breeze through border crossings without filling out documents or
showing proof of citizenship. Most tourists are asked a few polite
questions by inspectors as they sit in their cars at checkpoints, then
go on their way.

But troubles are mounting. Although the northern boundary remains far
less violent than the U.S.-Mexican border, there has been an upswing
in alien smuggling and drug crimes. The Border Patrol apprehended
almost twice as many illegal aliens in 1997 than in 1988, and
marijuana confiscations jumped 87% from 1996 to 1997.

Now, overworked Border Patrol agents are pleading for reinforcements
to guard vast expanses of woods and farm fields along the border,
often marked only by an occasional boundary stone. A Senate committee
last month urged the Border Patrol to deploy more agents along the
Canadian border; for now, only 291 of the Border Patrol's 7,700 agents
are assigned to the Canadian line.

What finally turned Congress' attention northward was the specter of
international terrorism. Several recent arrests have brought home the
possibility that terrorists are establishing themselves in Canada,
because of that government's relatively easy-going attitude toward
asylum, then slipping into the USA:

Gazi Ibrahim Abu Mezer, 24, a Palestinian from Israel, won refugee
status in Canada and kept it despite two criminal convictions there.
Arrested three times by the Border Patrol while trying to sneak into
Washington state here at Blaine, the major crossing point in the west,
he was freed by an immigration judge pending a deportation hearing.

Then, in July, 1997, New York police arrested him and another
Palestinian as they allegedly were within hours of pipe-bombing the
city's subways. Mezer is on trial in Brooklyn on federal conspiracy

New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani charged the U.S. Immigration and
Naturalization Service with negligence. Justice Department Inspector
General Michael Bromwich blamed the trouble on Mezer's "easy entry
into Canada" and a shortage of Border Patrol agents in the Northwest.

"We got him three times," says Gene Davis, deputy Border Patrol chief
here. "What bothers me about the Mezer case is, how many times did we
not get him - or others?"

Tracking terrorists

Hani Abdel Rahim al-Sayegh, 29, fled to Canada from Saudi Arabia after
the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing killed 19 U.S. airmen. While Canadian
authorities were considering asylum, they got a Saudi tip that Sayegh
had driven a signaling car in the attack. Canada deported him to the
United States after he agreed to provide information. He later reneged
on his plea bargain and is being held in a federal detention center.
Canada accepted Mohammed Hussein al-Husseini in 1991, but returned him
to his native Lebanon in 1994 after he admitted membership in the
Iran-financed Hezbollah organization and said a Hezbollah support
network was active in Canada. Hezbollah has been linked to terrorist
attacks against Israel and the U.S. Marine barracks in Lebanon. A
member of the Abu Nidal gang tried to enter the United States at
Champlain, N.Y. in January, 1996, with false documents. Yousef Khalid
Salem, 41, was deported to Lebanon.

The FBI declined to discuss the terrorist threat from Canada. The
Canadian Security Intelligence Service, Canada's equivalent of the
CIA, has been more forthright. In April, the intelligence agency
reported, "Most of the world's terrorist groups have established
themselves in Canada, seeking safe haven, setting up operational bases
and attempting to gain access to the USA."

Rep. Lamar Smith, R-Texas, chairman of the House immigration
subcommittee, cites Canada's "chilling" asylum record as a reason to
preserve a controversial 1996 immigration law that would make crossing
the border far more complicated.

Though the technology isn't ready, the measure requires the INS to
install by Oct. 1 a nationwide computerized system matching an entry
document from every visiting alien with an exit document as the alien
leaves the United States. Canadians who like the current system want
an exemption from the new paperwork, saying the law was aimed at
tracking visa overstayers and wouldn't block terrorism.

Knowing "who's coming in, why they're coming and how long they're
staying" would help track terrorists, Smith responds. As for
Canadians' sensibilities, it's "fairness and equity" to make them
complete the same forms Mexicans will. "The time has come to treat
both borders the same," he says.

If Smith prevails, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce says, the result could
be titanic traffic backups for American citizens and noncitizens
alike, as resentful Canadians fill out the new entry and exit forms.

An imbalance in border policing

Powerful Texans and Californians in Congress have dictated border
policing efforts for years, pressuring federal agencies to deploy most
of its resources on the Southwest.

The 291 Border Patrol agents assigned to the Canadian boundary monitor
the terrain between border checkpoints, the 90 northern crossings
staffed by customs and immigration inspectors. The crossings include
both busy locations such as Detroit and Buffalo and quiet stations
such as Sweetgrass, Mont.

Many of the smaller ports of entry are unstaffed at night, so agents
must rely on remote sensors, tips from farmers and their friendships
with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to track night crossers.

In pending appropriations bills, Congress is recognizing the
imbalances. The Senate Appropriations Committee told the INS to "begin
deploying" more Border Patrol agents outside of the Southwest. But
every dollar allocated for new construction projects in the
committee's bill - lights, fences, roads and Border Patrol stations -
goes to the boundary with Mexico.

Northern-based federal crime fighters chafe at their backwater status.
Steve Casteel, who heads the Drug Enforcement Administration regional
office in the Pacific Northwest, says he feels like "the right fielder
on a Little League team."

Raw statistics don't yet justify a massive reallocation of resources.
The 16,344 illegal aliens caught in northern Border Patrol sectors in
fiscal 1997 would represent only 1% of the 1,368,707 arrests on the
Mexico border. The 1,487 pounds of hydroponically grown B.C. Bud
seized at Blaine last year were a big deal here, but the Border Patrol
in McAllen, Texas, seized 113,272 pounds of marijuana in that period.

Border Patrol agent Ray Gaudreau, of Swanton, Vt., says his area's
biggest shortfall isn't more agents. What is needed, Gaudreau says, is
money to put arrested aliens on planes for distant homelands. Now,
they may be sent back to Canada, free to try again.

In the Southwest, 90% of arrested illegal entrants are Mexicans. In
steady annual numbers, the north in the 1990s has recorded arrests of
110 nationalities, including Turks, Kazakhs, Russians, Chinese,
Punjabi Indians and Pakistanis.

Thousands of mainland Chinese have been smuggled to Canada with false
documents, paying up to $70,000 for the complete travel package.
Buying time in Canada by making phony asylum claims, many Chinese
ultimately filter down to New York City sweatshops and restaurants,
Royal Canadian Mounted Police Corporal Fred Bowen says.

About half of would-be illegal entrants from Canada sign up with
smuggling rings. They often can be cruelly incompetent.

A Malaysian woman being ferried to Youngstown, N.Y., in a flimsy
inflatable raft drowned in the icy Niagara River in 1989.

In 1996, 51-year-old Naseem Taj of Pakistan died when St. Lawrence
River waves swamped her overcrowded boat crossing the
smuggling-plagued Akwesasne Mohawk reservation.

"Canada lets everybody in, and two days later they're coming down
here," Gaudreau says. A few years ago, Canada lifted visa requirements
for tourists from South Korea and Costa Rica. Within weeks, the Border
Patrol began seeing waves of illegal immigrants from those countries.

Proud of its tradition of haven, Canada approves 40% of political
asylum applications, compared to the 17% approved by the United
States. But the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board's Rachel
Labelle says Ottawa is getting a bad rap over terrorism.

Canada bars known terrorists. Last year, immigration judges rejected
775 applicants from Israel, mainly Palestinians, approving only 21.

Experts differ on the scope of the terrorist threat from Canada, which
has become home to radical Indian Sikhs, Sri Lankan Tamil Tigers and
Algerian fundamentalists.

The publicized recent cases "may be the tip of a significant iceberg,"
says former CSIS strategic planning chief David Harris, a former
Canadian intelligence official and now president of Insignis Strategic
Research in Ottawa.

Brian Jenkins, a Rand Corp. consultant, is less concerned about a
terrorist threat. In 10 years, he says, there have been only a handful
of attempted terrorist border crossings, none harmful. "It doesn't
rise to the level of peril," Jenkins says.

'I Was Reduced To A Lab Rat' ('The Ottawa Citizen' Recounts The Case
Of Dorothy Proctor, Who Is Suing The Canadian Government For $5 Million
For Giving Her Experimental LSD While She Was A 17-Year-Old Inmate
In Solitary Confinement At Kingston Prison In 1961)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 13:17:07 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: Canada: "I Was Reduced to a Lab Rat"
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Ottawa Citizen (Canada)
Contact: letters@thecitizen.southam.ca
Website: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/
Pubdate: Tue 21 Jul 1998
Author: Mike Blanchfield


Ex-inmate Dorothy Proctor says she was used in LSD experiments. Federal
documents appear to corroborate her claim, Mike Blanchfield writes.

His voice pierced the darkness. ``Dorothy,'' the psychologist said,
``There's a new medicine out and I would like you to take it because it
might help you, so that you don't ever have to come back to The Hole, so
that you can calm down and get through your period with us.''

This was the basement of the federal prison in Kingston, the area staff
referred to as ``segregation'' or ``disassociation.'' To inmates, it was
``The Hole.''

In this five-by-eight-foot, windowless cell lit by a single bulb, reeking
from a plugged toilet, Dorothy Proctor was about to have her first
experience with a powerful hallucinogenic drug called lysergic acid
diethylamide, or LSD-25. It was some time in 1961, several years before the
drug became part of the '60s counterculture, eight years before it was
illegal in Canada.

Ms. Proctor remembers taking five blue pills, 200 milligrams of LSD. It
was, she recalls, a very bad trip.

``The ceiling and the floor started meeting each other,'' she says. ``The
walls started to melt. The bars became snakes and started coming at me.
I remember dry screaming -- screaming but nothing coming out -- no one there
to help me, things all over my body.''

The details of that first exposure are seared into Ms. Proctor's brain. ``I
was reduced to a lab rat,'' she says, ``a monkey in a cage.''

She says the effects of those LSD treatments continue to haunt her today.
Ms. Proctor, now a long-recovered drug addict, says she is still plagued by
flashbacks. According to a Corrections Canada report, her symptoms are
consistent with a recognized psychiatric disorder -Post-Hallucinogen
Perceptual Disorder (PHPD) -- that was identified in the late 1950s.

She must fold her arms across herself or clasp her hands together in order
to sleep; she avoids her reflection in mirrors, store windows or pools of
water so she won't feel like she is being sucked into them; she imagines
her skin bubbling and oozing if she looks at it too long. The LSD
experiment whetted her appetite for other drugs, she contends, contributing
to her becoming a cocaine and heroin addict after she was released.

She complained in 1996 to Corrections Canada, which investigated and
corroborated her story last year. The department recommended she receive
compensation and an apology. The federal government has yet to respond. It
referred the matter to a Montreal research institute for further

Tired of waiting, Ms. Proctor launched a $5-million lawsuit earlier this
month against the government and the men who gave her LSD while she was in
prison. The defendants in the case have yet to issue a statement of

Ms. Proctor's experience sounds like a storyline from television's The
X-Files. However, the government's files corroborate many of her claims.
For decades, those documents gathered dust. They were re-opened last year
by a board of inquiry from Corrections Canada, which was investigating Ms.
Proctor's complaint.

Those files provide a glimpse into an era when bureaucrats, psychiatrists
and prison wardens viewed LSD as a magic pill to cure criminal behaviour, a
drug that could break down criminals' defences so their personality could
be rebuilt, moulding them into respectable citizens.

``If you told this story to the typical Canadian citizen, I don't think
they would have believed it happened,'' says Ms. Proctor's lawyer, James
Newland, who has examined more than 300 pages of government files
pertaining to his client. ``People are now aware that it did happen, and
their government did this.''

To him, the inference in her file is clear: Prison officials, with the full
knowledge of senior federal bureaucrats, were determined at all costs to
test a dangerous drug on a defiant teenager, who had embarrassed the system
by escaping the penitentiary and who openly defied authority every chance
she got.

During an investigation last year, Corrections Canada found evidence in its
files of an LSD experiment involving 23 inmates, including Dorothy, at the
Prison for Women in the early '60s. Corrections tracked down one of the
women, and said the story she told had ``an almost unbelievable similarity
in terms of anecdotal reports'' to the harrowing tale recounted by Ms.

``When I was locked with chain and padlock in my cell after one of my LSD
treatments, I can remember slashing my left arm, and when it was bleeding,
little tiny black things crawled out of my arm and floated with the blood.
These were spiders. After the bleeding stopped, my arm stopped crying and
howling and it wasn't swollen any more.

``That first night I couldn't remember how the spiders got in my body and
some time in the middle of the night it came to me. Spider semen crawled
up my legs and into my vagina and some crawled up my body and entered
through both ears. That night I wadded up toilet paper and `plugged' my
vagina, anus and ears. I never slept.''

Corrections investigators concluded that officials tried to explain the
experiment to Ms. Proctor and obtain verbal consent. But they could find no
written consent forms. Even if they had, the investigators concluded an
inmate in solitary confinement could never give informed consent. (Written
consent forms did not become a necessity until the 1970s.)

As Ms. Proctor told Corrections Canada investigators last year, ``I'm
assuming because of my circumstances and my environment I probably would
have said, `Yes' to anything.''


Dorothy Proctor entered the Kingston Prison for Women in 1960 as one of
society's castoffs. At 17, she was facing a three-year robbery sentence,
her first conviction as an adult.

She was the product of a broken home and a life on the streets. Her mother
abandoned her shortly after her birth in Glace Bay, N.S. She was raised by
grandparents and various relatives. She was sexually abused as a girl. Her
teenage years were lived on the run, across Canada and parts of the U.S.
She was reunited with her mother in the late 1950s. A juvenile court judge
had ordered her to be sent to her mother, who lived in East Coulee, a small
town in the heart of Alberta's Badlands. Dorothy took off again in 1959,
bored with her rural surroundings and feeling ostracized from other
children in the community because of her mixed-race background. Her mother
was white and her birth father -- no longer in the picture -- was black.

She linked up with a couple of other young people. Their run ended in
Chatham, Ont. in early 1960, when they were convicted of stealing a car.
Dorothy received three years in Canada's only federal penitentiary for

She arrived in prison with an air of self-assuredness and ``sophistication
beyond her 17 years,'' wrote a prison social worker.

She moved gracefully and had an expressive way of talking with her hands.
``Dorothy is a striking looking girl of mixed origin. She has light
coffee-colored skin, very dark eyes and black wavy hair,'' the social
worker wrote.

All of that hid a ``lonely child who craves affection,'' the social worker

Dorothy adapted poorly to prison life. She fought occasionally with other
inmates, smashed small items a couple of times, and once she tried to slash
her left wrist. Usually, she simply refused to get out of bed in the
morning, for which she was routinely written up on for ``offending against
good order and discipline.''

On July 24, 1960, Dorothy became the first inmate to escape the Prison for
Women. She had rolled up towels and an extra pillow under her covers and
hid until dark at the back of softball diamond.

She scaled the 10-metre wall -- a combination of stone, chain link and
barbed wire -- using a bench from the the park and a blanket from her cell.

By September, she had criss-crossed the country again, winding up back in
East Coulee. After three months as a fugitive, she was arrested again when
her mother called the Mounties.

Her defiant behaviour behind bars continued. She smashed a broom handle on
a matron's knuckles. She refused to get out of bed.

Dorothy's lawyer believes Corrections officials selected her for the LSD
experiment because they found her an embarrassment to the system.

Her prison break earned national headlines, and she openly defied the
warden in front of her guards, says Mr. Newland.

On Feb. 24, 1961, Dorothy was summoned to the office of Supt. Isabel
Macneill. She refused to get up. Three male guards were sent from the men's
penitentiary to get her. She broke free in the prison laundry room. Dorothy
flung an iron, narrowly missing a guard's head. Supt. Macneill arrived just
in time to hear ``abusive and indecent language.''

Within months, Dorothy received her first dose of LSD in solitary confinement.


At the time, the drug was legal, but unknown outside mental health circles.
It was touted as a shortcut through the often long and difficult
psychotherapy process. By 1962, more than 1,000 research papers had been
published on its therapeutic and experimental effects. However, the method
was soon discredited, and the drug was outlawed in Canada in 1969.

One month before the fight in the laundry room, Dorothy sat in the office
of Dr. George Scott, the prison's head of psychiatry and a respected prison

Dr. Scott prided himself on being on the vanguard of psychiatric
developments. When a new drug like LSD came along, he believed it was the
responsibility of scientists such as himself to test it. In the post-war
years, Dr. Scott felt driven to test new therapies. Though some of these
approaches have been criticized, Dr. Scott stands by them today.

In a recent interview, he enthusiastically recalls how he became a convert
to electro-shock therapy in the 1950s.

``The man who pioneered shock treatment was actually the man in charge of a
hospital for epileptics. He noticed that when epileptics had a fit they
were lucid for maybe two or three days. He got thinking about it. He tried
finding a drug that he could inject that would produce a fit
He found the
patients improved themselves.''

Dr. Scott does not remember Dorothy Proctor. He estimates he has seen tens
of thousands of patients since then. (Dr. Scott was stripped of his license
to practice medicine by the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons in
August 1995 after pleading guilty to having sex with a

However, as government files show, Dr. Scott was clearly excited about the
possibility of treating Dorothy in the early 1960s. He saw her during ``an
extremely interesting orientation interview,'' according to a Feb. 3, 1961,
report he wrote. Dr. Scott said he wanted to see Dorothy ``on a fairly
intense (basis)'' over the following three to four months.

``I feel it will be of great psychological significance to see how she
attempts to handle the therapeutic relationship,'' Dr. Scott wrote.

He tried to convince her to enter into ``treatment'' with him, but Dorothy
was reluctant. Dr. Scott's report doesn't specify the treatment he had

He again urged Dorothy to take therapy, according to his report dated May
16, 1961.

``She inquired what `therapy' meant,'' Dr. Scott wrote. ``This was
explained to her and it was pointed out that the therapeutic situation was
designed to develop some understanding within herself of her own weak

Again, Dr. Scott's report does not specify the nature of the therapy being

Again, he noted, ``this case is extremely interesting from the therapeutic
point of view, in that it will entail a fairly intense therapeutic
relationship over a period of months.''

In his June 6, 1961, report, Dr. Scott noted that Dorothy was ``mystified
that interest has been taken in her from a psychiatric point of view, and
while she is pleasant and co-operative, does not really `need this type of
treatment' in her opinion.'' Again, ``treatment'' is never defined in Dr.
Scott's report.

In July 1961, Dorothy escaped for the second time, but was quickly
re-arrested. In August 1961, she was sent to The Hole.

Supt. Macneill personally outlined the reasons in a letter to Dorothy dated
Aug. 17, 1961: refusal to work in the sewing room; refusal to wear proper
clothing at meals; ``insolence and threatening talk'' to a
prison staffer; defying Supt. Macneill herself on one particular occasion.

She told Dorothy her attitude was deplorable and that any attempt to gain
parole would be ``futile unless supported by recommendations from this

Supt. Macneill continued: ``You will have very few privileges at present -
if you co-operate 100 per cent you will get privileges gradually, but you
must never again think you can get away with flaunting (sic) authority.''

It was then that Dorothy was administered LSD for the first time.

Last year's Corrections report concluded solitary confinement ``was not a
venue suited to the administration of LSD.''

There is another interesting aspect to this trip to The Hole -there's no
official mention of it in Dorothy's conduct file.

Dorothy's ``Conduct Sheet'' is part of her official government file. The
five-page document lists 20 offences from April 26, 1960 to Sept. 4, 1962
- everything from failing to get out of bed to fighting to damaging
property, including the Feb. 24, 1961, laundry room incident where she
threw the iron and swore at Miss Macneill. The penalties are also
well-documented, including token fines, reduced meal privileges, and trips
to The Hole - including her first sentence, seven days beginning June 27,

The record shows a gap between the laundry room incident and another
incident on Jan. 23, 1962, in which Dorothy was fined $5 for smashing a
radio. According to the Conduct Sheet, the August 1961 trip to The Hole
never happened.

However, officials in Ottawa were well aware of it.

On Oct. 23, 1961, Mark Eveson, a psychologist who was also working with
Dorothy (and who is one of the defendants in the current lawsuit), wrote a
two-page letter to the physician in charge of penitentiary medical services
with the federal Department of Justice.

Of Dorothy's bad acid trip, it said only that it ``produced no change in
the behaviour, and
we felt that either the initial dose was too heavy to
induce anxiety and recall, or, that this drug was unsuccessful with this
kind of personality usually termed psychopathic.''

To that date, none of Dr. Scott's reports offered any diagnosis that
concrete. Until then, no one had labelled Dorothy a psychopath.

Mr. Eveson concluded Dorothy had undergone ``a remarkable change in
behaviour'' as a result of LSD. All her ``excessive violence'' had
disappeared. ``She is now working well and is no longer a behaviour problem
in the institution, and I feel that treatment has been highly successful.''

His conclusion was premature. Three months later, Dorothy smashed a radio;
in March 1962, she attacked a guard and got 10 days in The Hole; the
following month she attacked Supt. Macneill with a crutch when a kitten was
taken away from her - an attack for which she was sentenced to another
week in solitary.

In a Nov. 6, 1962 letter to Supt. Macneill, Mr. Eveson concluded: ``I do
not think this young person is suitable for parole.'' He made no mention of
the LSD treatments a year earlier.


Today, Dorothy Proctor lives a quiet life, in an undisclosed part of
Canada. It is a modest life lived in fear and anonymity.

After she got out of prison in 1963, she got hooked on cocaine, heroin and
soft drugs. She cavorted with high-level crime figures on the eastern
seaboard. She had the furs and the fine food, and then she lost it all. In
the early 1970s, she was down and out on Skid Row in Vancouver. That's when
the RCMP recruited her to work as an undercover agent.

For the next two decades, she used her street smarts to infiltrate criminal
drug organizations across Canada gathering intelligence for police. She has
worked in Ottawa, where she has helped lead police to top-level drug
dealers. She has plenty of enemies, many of whom want to see her dead. She
won't allow herself to be photographed, and she won't divulge where she

In the late '80s, clinging to her Catholic faith for support, she beat her
drug habit and has been clean since. She no longer works with police.

Two years ago, she launched two complaints through the Solicitor General of
Canada. The first was against the RCMP, alleging they'd breached their own
code of conduct for using her as a sexual plaything during her 20 years
working for them.

The Mounties, as is their practice, investigated her complaint internally.
They sent her a terse two-page letter dismissing it. They told her their
records showed the officers in question were never alone with her at any
time. The complaint centred on an Ottawa-area narcotics officer with whom
she worked between November 1982 and March 1983. The RCMP turned the tables
and accused her of making sexual advances to police.

``These independent witnesses were interviewed and without going into any
specifics it is evident from their responses that your sexual advances
towards them
were neither appreciated nor accepted,'' says a letter sent
to her earlier this year.

Dorothy isn't surprised. She calls the Mounties ``schoolboys'' who circle
their wagons and cover each other when trouble strikes one of their rank.

``I just wanted to rattle their cage and let them know I remember what they
did to me,'' she says.

Her other complaint centred on the LSD experiment. This time, investigators
found a paper trail that appeared to support her allegations.

The files don't dispute that Dorothy was one of about two dozen women to
receive LSD while inmates in the early '60s. The government has shelved its
first report - the one completed last year by the Corrections board of
inquiry that recommended compensation - in favour of further study by the
McGill Centre for Medicine, Ethics and the Law. It recently received an
extension on its May reporting deadline.

This time, Dorothy is getting support from outside the government. The
Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies and the B'Nai Brith League
for Human Rights have joined her fight against the government.

They both say the government should stop stalling and compensate her. In
the long run, they say it would be cheaper for taxpayers than a long legal
battle. Kim Pate, executive director of Elizabeth Fry, says the
government's reluctance to address the LSD issue is indicative of deep
disregard for women's penal issues.

She says little has changed since a royal commission investigated the
outbreak of violence at the Prison for Women in 1994, when male riot guards
strip-searched female inmates. In her findings, Justice Louise Arbour, then
of the Ontario Court of Appeal, concluded the women's prison system
``operates with virtually no public scrutiny or accountability.''

Dorothy Proctor realizes most Canadians have little sympathy for the
travails of an ex-inmate. But she believes they ought to have some concern
about how their government wields power.

``In my opinion, the ultimate abuse is when the government abuses you,''
she says. ``What they said to me is, `You are worthless, you are a piece of
trash and we can use you anyway we want.'

``I'm not bitter. I'm not angry. I've already forgiven them. The only thing
I feel is betrayal.''



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