------------------------------------------------------------------- 'I' Is For Initiative - An Unorthodox A To Z Guide To The Ballot Measures That Made It (Excerpts From A 'Willamette Week' Article That Pertain To The Medical Marijuana And Recriminalization-Repeal Initiatives On Oregon's November Ballot) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:22:07 GMT From: Dave Fratello (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Portland, OR, free weekly on inits Willamette Week (Portland, OR), July 22, 1998 COVER STORY "I" is for Initiative An unorthodox A to Z guide to the ballot measures that made it You think this year's batch of initiatives, which were approved for the ballot this month, lacks sizzle? It's true, we don't have explosive measures like assisted suicide, gay rights and cougar killing, which heated up campaigns in recent years. But November's ballot contains a few firecrackers nonetheless. Five of the 11 measures on the ballot are likely to draw national attention. The vote-by-mail and adoptee-rights measures are the first of their kind in the country. The dueling union measures will bring out the big guns of organized labor. The clear-cut ban will be watched by tree huggers and tree cutters from here to Maine. And pot advocates say Oregon's decriminalization measure is arguably the most important marijuana-related referendum in the country. Adoptees? Trees? Marijuana? You might be thinking the November ballot will be about little more than electoral anarchy. And it's true--ballot measures have increasingly been concocted to appeal to niche markets. That's what makes them so exciting--and so confusing. To help you make sense of this seemingly random crazy quilt, we present an unorthodox A-to-Z guide to the ballot measures. *** The Lineup MEASURE 57 Seeks to repeal 1997 law that recriminalized possession of small amounts of marijuana. (S) MEASURE 58 Gives adopted people age 21 and over who were born in Oregon access to their original birth certificates without consent from either birth parent. (S) MEASURE 59 Prohibits the state from helping groups collect political donations through union paycheck deductions. (C) MEASURE 60 Requires that all statewide elections are conducted by mail balloting only. (S) MEASURE 61 Sets minimum sentences for certain crimes and increases sentences for repeat offenders. (S) MEASURE 62 Strengthens contribution-disclosure regulations for ballot measures and protects public employee unions from using paycheck deductions as a legal means of fund-raising. (C) MEASURE 63 Requires two-thirds of voters to vote yes on measures that mandate a two-thirds voter turnout. (C) MEASURE 64 Stops clear-cutting and restricts the use of chemical pesticides and herbicides by logging companies. (S) MEASURE 65 Allows citizens to challenge rules created by state agencies by petitioning legislators. (C) MEASURE 66 Sets aside 15 percent of all lottery revenues for parks and wildlife habitat protection. (C) MEASURE 67 Allows people with certain illnesses to cultivate and possess small amounts of marijuana, if their doctor recommends it. (S) *** [excerpts related to marijuana initiatives] H is for Hungary You may not be able to find it on a map, but you can be sure that this tiny nation is influencing Oregon politics. New York financier and gazillionaire George Soros was born there and remembers vividly its repressive regime. As a result, he's campaigning against what he considers America's version of repression--the War on Drugs. In California and Arizona, Soros' fat bankroll translated into successful efforts to legalize medical marijuana. In Oregon, he joined forces with University of Phoenix founder John Sperling and Ohio insurance executive Peter Lewis, who together helped pony up $280,000 to put two marijuana-related measures on the ballot. Measure 67 would allow people with certain illnesses to use pot as treatment, with their doctor's permission. Measure 57 is a citizen referendum that decriminalizes possession of less than an ounce. Expect to see more money flow from Soros, according to Measure 57 campaign manager Todd Olson. J is for Joint Smoke a joint and you could take a trip to the joint. That's what Measure 57 is about. It asks voters to decide whether to recriminalize simple possession of small amounts of the green buds. If it weren't for some wimpiness on the part of Gov. John Kitzhaber, this measure might never have reached the ballot. For the last 25 years, possession of less than an ounce of pot hasn't been a crime--instead, it's the equivalent of a really expensive traffic violation. But last year, the Republican legislators decided to put the governor to a test by passing a bill to recriminalize pot. This way, they could force the jeans-wearing, guitar-playing guv to crack down on pot smokers; if he didn't, and instead vetoed the bill, he'd be handing the Republicans a soft-on-drugs club to use against him in the next election. The governor buckled. "He chickened out," says Olson, who worked for Rep. George Eighmey in the '97 Legislature. Now Olson is in charge of the Campaign That Didn't Have To Be: the referendum to repeal the recriminalization. M is for Moonshine That's what Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle envisions when he hears about medical marijuana, which would be legal under Measure 67. "When you talk about legalizing home-grown marijuana that could be any potency," he says, "this is the equivalent of legalizing moonshine and trying to say that's medicine." Supporters of Measure 67, such as retired internist Rick Bayer, the measure's chief sponsor, say it's nothing of the sort. Unlike still-brewed hooch, marijuana can be helpful to many ill people, particularly those undergoing chemotherapy or wasting away from AIDS. Besides, Bayer says, this measure has safeguards that make it entirely different from the initiative that created controversy in California when it allowed storefront distribution to folks who might not even be sick. Z is for Zonked Turnout among young Oregonians may get a boost from two pro-pot measures. WW's own survey of 100 18-to-34-year-olds found that relaxation of drug laws was a top priority for 14 percent of respondents. The question is whether these people will be too relaxed themselves to vote. "These issues have youthful appeal, but I don't know if they will motivate people not inclined to vote," says Portland political consultant Wiener. "Some of these people wouldn't vote if you stuck a firecracker up their nose."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Herrick Verdict In (Ellen Komp Of 'The 215 Reporter' Forwards Excerpts From The Periodic Newsletter Going Back As Far As February 1998, Documenting The Prosecutorial And Judicial Bias In Orange County Against Medical Marijuana Patient And Activist David Herrick, Just Sentenced To Four Years In Prison) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 22:20:28 EDT Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Ellen Komp (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Fwd: Herrick Verdict In Here are some details on Herrick, from my earlier posts to friends and DPCA. We also printed letters from Herrick in the 215 Reporter. If anyone needs copies, email me your snail mails. All possible forms of protest are in order. It certainly doesn't look good for Chavez in OC, since they have eight counts against him. Ellen (From February 215 Reporter) HERRICK STILL BEHIND BARS David Herrick just spent his 250th day in Orange County jail. Possessing seven 1/4-ounce baggies of marijuana labeled for free distribution to seriously ill patients. Herrick was a volunteer at the Orange County buyer's club when he was caught with the medicine. Herrick found marijuana useful for back pain after a disabling accident, and worked to allow other patients access to their medicine. Herrick is now charged with transportation and sales of marijuana. Both charges are highly questionable. Transporatation has been ruled as covered by the new law by the First District Court of Appeals in People v. Trippet. And the Orange County Buyers Club did not sell marijuana; they accepted nominal donations around $20. (Marijuana currently sells for as much as $400/ounce on the black market.) The length of time served over such a small amount of marijuana in this case is greatly out of proportion, even without a medical defense. A fellow prisoner serving an 8-month sentence (with 122 days likely to be served) for transporting 50 pounds of marijuana through John Wayne Airport. Herrick has already served nearly twice that time. Herrick has written many letters to friends and fellow activists, encouraging them to keep up the fight in his absence. In a letter dated December 5, Herrick wrote, "When I got on the bus to go back to the jail on Wed. I received an ovation for my cause, because some of the inmates saw poor Mr. Realms come in, in his wheelchair with his oxygen tank, and noting that he was in a hospice and dying." Realms was one of the patients to whom Herrick gave marijuana. Assistant District Attorney Armburst, it's rumored it's his last year head narcotics DA and he wants to go out with a bang. He has vowed to to destroy the so called "cancer" of buyers clubs *** SANTA ANA, February 6, 1998--David Herrick was in court again today, but a motion to let him out of jail was not heard. Herrick has served over 250 days in Orange County jail after being caught with seven 1/8-oz. packages of marijuana labeled for medical distribution by the Orange County Patients Co-Op where he was a volunteer. The court date was scheduled to hear three motions filed by Herrick's public defender Sharon Petrocino: a motion to dismiss on unethical practices by the prosecution; second over prosecution's tactics of dropping and refiling charges, which may make Petrocino unable to stay on the case; and third, to release Herrick on his own regocnicance. The unethical practices include harassing defense's witnesses, all patients, threatening to arrest them if they did not appear as hostile witnesses. Of eight charges filed, only one witness's testimony upheld a single charge of distribution, and that witness was unsure whether Herrick or Martin Chavez gave him the marijuana. Unfortunately, Petrocino was called out on family matters today and assistant District Attorney Armburst held fast to an all-or-nothing position, refusing to argue the motion to release Herrick without the other two. Public Defender James Landis said in court that Armburst had agreed over telephone the previous night to hear the single motion. Superior Court Div 36 Judge William R. Froeberg scolded the attorneys over the incident allowed the motion to go unheard, and Herrick to remain in jail. Herrick has become a major politicial ping pong ball between San Bernadino and Orange counties. If Orange county releases him., he will be put on a bus to San Bernadino, who has a warrant out on Herrick without bail, and Orange county won't be able to try him. Herrick has a probation violation for testing postive for marijuana after a possession charge of two ounces. He is a medical user, being 80% disabled with dislocated discs. For the first time in court today, Herrick, 48, was held in handcuff with hand behind his back the entire time, a very uncomfortable position for someone with his disability. His hair has turned completely gray during his incarceration. There seems to be little hope of Herrick getting out of jail until his trial is over. Meanwhile a team of attorneys has taken on Martin Chavez's case. Some speculate that Herrick will be let go now that Chavez has been arrested, but how long that will take is anyone's guess. *** (3/7/98) Appeals Court To Hear Prosecutorial Misconduct Charges in Herrick Trial On March 5, the 4th District Court of Appeal in Santa Ana ordered a stay of prosecution in the case against David Herrick, the Orange County cannabis co-op volunteer who has served 285 days in jail after being caught with less than two ounces of pot for distribution to patients. The Court will hear arguments that prosecutors improperly used evidence provided by the defense. Originally "intent to sell" charges were filed against Herrick. When the defense provided names of co-op patients to whom Herrick intended to distribute marijuana, the prosecution dropped those charges and filed "sales" charges against Herrick, using the defense witnesses against him. Deputy Public Defender Sharon Petrosino said she was required by evidence "discovery" laws to provide the information to the prosecution. "I don't think we should be forced to provide discovery that ultimately hurts our client," Petrosino said. The defense motion also charged that the prosecution filed criminal charges against the co-op's founder, Marvin Chavez, to prevent him from being used as a defense witness. The appellate court gave the prosecution until March 16 to respond to the defense brief. The trial will be stayed until the appellate court rules. (The appellate court later decided not to rule in the case until the trial was over) *** (May 12, 1998) (Trial coverage--by this time Froeberg had disallowed a medical defense, but defense attorney Petrosino, in cross examinations, got some testimony in about it anyway. One prosecution witness was a patient, the other a caregiver (the second patient had died of cancer.) No medical experts were allowed to testify.) It came out that Herrick signed patients up for membership and gave them cards, and that patients gave "donations." They told the investigator it was their understanding there was no correlation between the amount of money donated and the amount of marijuana obtained, and that there was no pressure to give money. $20 or $40 was the highest transaction described, in exchange for one or two 1/8-oz. baggies. Armburst liked to refer to it as $20 per 1/8, but Petrosino established that it was not that cut and dried. At 2:30 the judge heard motions. One involved intimidation of witnesses, Evidence Code 413, Arizona vs. 488 US 51. The judge said (dig this) "Police officers can lie to witnesses, there's nothing improper about that." The judge then sustained the DA's objection on grounds of irrelevancy to all defense exhibits A-E: a pamphlet about the co-op, the membership card, and letters of recommendation. *** (May 15, 1998) The day started with the defense resting. No witnesses were called because all avenues for defense had been closed. Judge William R. Froeberg then gave the jury their instructions. Jurors were given standard instructions, including ordering them not to consider the penalty, that they must apply the law as stated, whether or not they agree with it. H&SC 11360 a&b was read, but not 11362.5 (The Compassionate Use Act of 1996 a.k.a. Prop 215). District Attorney Armburst, in his summation, said that sales mean trading for money or favors and that "a donation is a favor." He compared the case to that of a prostitute who can't accept money for her services but charges $50 to pet her dog. She argued that someone's mere presence at a crime does not constitute aiding and abetting. To aid and abet, she said, must be "With knowledge of unlawful purpose." In this case, she said the purpose was to provide marijuana for seriously ill Californians. She noted that "no one disputes that Mr. Hoffer and Mr. O'Rear required marijuana, that they were sick." Petrosino compared accepting donations for a gift to the return address stickers non-profit groups send to potential donors. The gifts are given freely, and donations are not required in exchange. "There is no sale in this case," she said. She finished with a quote from "one of our Presidents": "What we need in this Country is not division, not hatred. . . but compassion for those who suffer." The Orange County Co-op, she said, felt compassion for those who suffer and "shame on anyone who say they committed a crime." He stated that there was nothing presented to show that marijuana prolonged life, only that it ended pain. He said "Mr. Pollard bought marijuana for his friend, and there's probably nothing wrong with that." He said the Petrosino argued Herrick was "trying to help." That's true, he said, but "any street dealer can make the same claim--I was just trying to help the guy out. . . and we'd never convict anyone for marijuana, cocaine, heroin or methamphetamine." The jury returned after an hour's deliberation to ask why Prop 215 wasn't a factor. Judge Froeberg read them the part of the law covering possession and cultivation; nothing about asking the state for a distribution system. They returned with a guilty verdict on one felony count; another count was reduced to a misdemeanor charge of giving away. He was found not guilty on two other charges. *** Ellen Komp 215 Reporter
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ammo (A List Subscriber Re-Posts The County By County Yes-No Vote Percentages For Proposition 215 In California In November 1996) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 23:30:37 -0700 To: R Givens (email@example.com) From: R Givens (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DPFCA: AMMO Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Here are some files that come in handy when medical marijuana cases come up. Some prosecutors and judges are going against the voters in their own counties. For instance, Orange county has taken a very hard line against Proposition 215, even though the electorate there approved medical marijuana by a 51% margin. Whenever some hotspur prosecutor or judge shoots his/her idiot mouth off about medical marijuana, check the voting record for their county because sometimes these Anslingerite bozos are completely out of touch with their own community. Remind people of the betrayal of democratic process by these Reefer Manaics. Paint them as the totalitarians they really are. Expose their lunatic delusions based on outrageous lies and myths. Expose their contempt for the democratic process. Slash them to ribbons with the truth. The 50% results are all very close, some going slightly yes and others slightly no on Proposition 215. You'll have to see the attached gif map to see exactly which way these counties voted. The gif file will open with Netscape. R Givens save this file for future reference PROPOSITION 215 RESULTS BY COUNTY As of Nov 06 1996 16:30 Statewide: YES 4,870,822 55.7% NO 3,875,899 44.3% Percent voting YES** Alameda 70 Alpine 56 Amador 44 Butte 49 Calaveras 49 Colusa 39 Contra Costa 63 Del Norte 49 El Dorado 51 Fresno 42 Glenn 39 Humboldt 57 Imperial 40 Inyo 42 Kern 42 Kings 41 Lake 52 Lassen 40 Los Angeles 55 Madera 41 Marin 73 Mariposa 48 Mendocino 64 Merced 56 Modoc 39 Mono 57 Monterey 58 Napa 59 Nevada 52 Orange 51 Placer 48 Plumas 47 Riverside 48 Sacramento 53 San Benito 57 San Bernadino 50 San Diego 52 San Francisco 78 San Joaquin 46 San Luis Obispo 50 San Mateo 66 Santa Barbara 53 Santa Clara 64 Santa Cruz 73 Shasta 41 Sierra 50 Siskiyou 41 Solano 55 Sonoma 69 Stanislaus 46 Sutter 39 Tehema 41 Trinity 50 Tulare 37 Tuolumne 48 Ventura 52 Yolo 58 Yuba 46 Note: counties with 50% votes were VERY CLOSE. The results were slightly positive in some cases and in others slightly negative. See the attached gif for exact positive and negative results for 50% county votes.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oakland City Council Says Yes To Patients (A Bay Area Correspondent Provides More Details About Yesterday's Vote For A Medical Marijuana Ordinance Designed To Protect The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative From Federal Prosecution) From: "ralph sherrow" (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Oakland July 21 1998 City Council says yes to Patients Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:37:19 PDT Ten minutes to three am Wednesday morning 7-22-98 Boy am I ready to go to sleep. Car engine blew. On it for 4 days getting it towed back from the mountains. Fun fun fun. The Oakland City Council voted 7 to 2 to keep the limits in place. Victory number one. Finale decision!! A government patient named George McMahon was the first speaker. He showed the council the 6" round metal can that his government marijuana comes in along with ten rolled joints in a plastic container that he said was his daily allotment. 11 people testified. Jeff Jones (Oakland CBC's executive Director), Bill Panzer (Criminal lawyer), Ken Hayes (Executive director of C.H.A.M.P. San Francisco), Dr. Michael Alacalay, Dr. Tod Mikuriya, were the names I knew, but there were 6 more. Each speaking fluently & to the point. You would have been proud. Everyone did equally well. Afterwards we went to the Oakland Cooperative to snack on crackers & cheese & sodas & let it sink in. & talk. Don't let us be the only ones to have been there. You too can tell your grandchildren that, yep, I was there when Oakland broke thru. Be there with us July 28 at 7pm for the final vote on making the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative an agent of the City of Oakland California. More on that in the next paragraph. Next paragraph: Victory number 2, the Council also voted in favour of appointing "The Oakland Cannabis Cooperative" as an agent of the City to dispense Medical Marijuana or Cannabis. There will be another vote to make it final on July 28th 1998 at 7pm at the Oakland City Hall Council Chambers. We were let out at 1220am & left the Oakland CBC & got home by 2am. & I am composing this. What-a-night! Ralph We need you to show up to show your support for the City of Oakland & Medical Marijuana or Cannabis. These are some very important votes that are being cast & you might as well be there, 'cause what else you gotta to do? Anyways that's the way it was July 21 1998 Oakland California. USA Ralph PS: Rob Raich deserves much thanks for writing this ordinance on making the CBC an agent of the city. Good work, Rob. We love you.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oakland Council Backs Pot In Two Votes ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:09:42 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Oakland Council Backs Pot in 2 Votes Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Section: Bay Area Datelines - Compiled from Examiner staff and wire reports OAKLAND COUNCIL BACKS POT IN 2 VOTES Oakland The Oakland City Council voted 7-2 early Wednesday to reaffirm its lenient policy on medical marijuana, even though Mayor Elihu Harris expressed strong concerns about the amount of pot that users are allowed to possess. The council also approved a new provision aimed at shielding the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative from the federal government's bid to shut down the club at an August 14 hearing in federal court. Two weeks ago, the full council unanimously approved without discussion a proposal allowing medical marijuana users to have 1-1/4 pounds of cannabis, described as a three-month supply. 1998 San Francisco Examiner Page A 7
------------------------------------------------------------------- Customs Yahoo Alert (California NORML Publicizes A Rude Letter To A Licensed California Physician, Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D., By US Customs Inspector Mark A Johnson, Informing Him The Federal Government Doesn't Recognize The Protections Afforded Medical Marijuana Patients By California Proposition 215) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 22:11:28 -0800 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dale Gieringer) Subject: DPFCA: Customs Yahoo Alert Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Following is an extremely obnoxious letter received by Dr. Tod Mikuriya from a US Customs official who recently busted an unknown patient at the border. It deserves a response from us. 07/19/98 Mr. Mikuriya, As a reminder you may want to tell your "patients" that although they may have received a "prescription" for marijuana from your office it will hold no weight so far as federal or state laws are concerned. Such was the case a few days ago when we confiscated less than a gram of marijuana from one of the people who had put their confidence in you. As a result of what we in Customs call a "zero tolerance" seizure, the vehicle in which the marijuana is transported (be it a seed or a tenth of a gram) may be subject to seizure, remitted to the violator only after a fine of $5000 is paid. This fine may be mitigated to a lower level, as was the case this week, but it doesn't always have to work this way. The person from whom we seized both marijuana and vehicle was under the assumption that your signature was license to transport and use this narcotic freely. This was a stiff $500 lesson for someone who probably couldn't afford it, but erroneously placed their trust in you. You may want to clarify the risks for your "patients" in the future. Sincerely, Mark A Johnson Senior Inspector, U.S. Customs Port Angeles, WA 98362 (360) 457-4311 *** Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // email@example.com 2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114
------------------------------------------------------------------- ACLU Challenges Oakland Seizure Ordinance ('The Contra Costa Times' Says The American Civil Liberties Union Sued The City On Tuesday To Overturn An Ordinance Allowing Police To Seize The Cars Of Suspected Drug Buyers And Prostitution Customers) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:00:21 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: ACLU Challenges Oakland Seizure Ordinance Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Source: Contra Costa Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.hotcoco.com/index.htm Author: Associated Press ACLU CHALLENGES OAKLAND SEIZURE ORDINANCE OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) -- The American Civil Liberties Union sued Oakland on Tuesday to overturn an ordinance allowing police to seize the cars of suspected drug buyers and prostitution customers. The ordinance took effect last September and is being closely watched by officials in several other cities and counties. The ACLU said it violates state laws that limit property forfeitures and require criminal convictions before seizures. The city said state law imposes no such requirement. "It is understandable that Oakland should take measures to deter crimes in its neighborhoods," ACLU lawyer Alan Schlosser said in a statement. "However, ignoring basic legal standards established by the Legislature to protect individual rights and innocent people is the wrong way to pursue this goal." Deputy City Attorney Marcia Meyers said the city considers the ordinance "legal and enforceable." Alameda County Superior Court Judge Henry Needham scheduled a hearing Sept. 24 after denying the ACLU's request for an earlier hearing on whether to block enforcement. The ordinance allows police to seize vehicles used to acquire any illegal drugs or solicit prostitution. The owner has 10 days to seek recovery, and the city must then prove, by a majority of the evidence, that the vehicle was used for the specified illegal purpose. The city then can sell the vehicle and use the proceeds for law enforcement. The forfeiture proceedings are separate from any criminal charges against the owner. Criminal charges must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt, a higher standard than a majority of the evidence; as a result, the city could keep vehicles in some cases if the owner was acquitted or never charged. The ACLU said it had obtained city records showing at least 17 vehicle seizures in the last few months involved the attempted purchase of $10 to $30 worth of marijuana, a crime punishable by a $100 fine. In March, Legislative Counsel Bion Gregory's office, the Legislature's legal adviser, issued a non-binding opinion saying the Oakland ordinance conflicted with state law. One law cited by the opinion allows certain cities, including Oakland, to pass ordinances allowing seizures of cars used for solicting prostitution. But seizures are allowed only if the owner has been convicted, and the vehicle can be held for no more than 48 hours. Another state law allows forfeiture of vehicles used to buy illegal drugs. But, the counsel's opinion said, it also requires a criminal conviction and applies only to the purchase of large amounts of drugs -- 14.25 grams of heroin or crack cocaine, or 10 pounds of marijuana. Oakland's ordinance covers the purchase of any type or amount of illegal drugs. Meyers, the city's lawyer, said the counsel's opinion and the ACLU's suit misinterpreted state law. She said the state authorizes such local ordinances as "nuisance abatement" measures and allows property forfeitures without criminal convictions.
------------------------------------------------------------------- ACLU Sues Oakland Over Car Seizures ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:00:36 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: ACLU Sues Oakland Over Car Seizures Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Robert Selna ACLU SUES OAKLAND OVER CAR SEIZURES OAKLAND -- An Oakland ordinance allowing the city to sell cars seized in drug and prostitution busts without charging owners with crimes has raised constitutional concerns among residents and a local civil rights group. The nuisance ordinance was created in 1997 as part of a crime reduction plan called operation Beat Feet, in which undercover cops pose as drug dealers and prostitutes in some of Oakland's highest crime areas. When drivers or passengers ask to buy drugs or sex, they are arrested and the car is confiscated. Once a car is seized, the vehicle's registered owner -- regardless of whether he or she was present at the bust -- has 10 days to negotiate a price with the city for the car's return or it is sold at public auction. Half of the proceeds go to the police and the other half to the city. On Tuesday, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit against the city in Alameda County Superior Court claiming the ordinance violates state law by seizing property without a conviction. The ACLU filed the suit on behalf of Oakland resident Sam C. Horton, a citizen concerned about the ordinance as a taxpayer but not directly involved in a case. "The California state Constitution says that local governments can't preempt state law," said Alan Schlosser, managing attorney with the Northern California ACLU. Schlosser said state law includes two statutes that provide people basic property rights and due process protections in seizure cases. "The thing that is upsetting about the Oakland ordinance is that it shows a total disregard for protections the state chose to engraft into state law," Schlosser said. The protections, Schlosser explained, are the same that a person would receive in a criminal trial. "People are not given a presumption of innocence, they are not given a jury trial and they are not appointed a lawyer if they can't afford one," Schlosser said of the city's civil ordinance. In the last year, the Oakland Police Department and its city attorney's office have confiscated more than 70 cars allegedly involved in drug purchases or prostitution in East and West Oakland neighborhoods, many without a conviction. The city said the operation was intended to eradicate the demand side of drug and prostitution economics by removing consumers, many who drive from outlying cities to parts of Oakland known as easy places to buy drugs and hire prostitutes. City officials say that so far, the strategy is working. "When we first began the program, we were getting about 30 cars at a time," said Alameda County Deputy District Attorney Andy Cuellar. "Last time we did it we only got about eight. This shows that people are paying attention." Cuellar contends that what the city is doing is within the law. "The fact that the ordinance serves in part to deter crime does not necessarily mean that it's a criminal ordinance," Cuellar said. "Civil penalties can be imposed when people have engaged in criminal activity." Cuellar argues that the city will survive the ACLU's legal challenge because the state statutes do not require due process in all cases and the state Constitution gives the city the power to create its own ordinances that don't rely on statutes. Steve Simirin, an Oakland attorney who has represented several plaintiffs in forfeiture cases with the city, said the ordinance is dangerous because it is too broad. Simirin said he represented a woman whose husband took her new van for a drive with a friend. The friend said he needed to get out of the car to "talk to somebody," but what he did was buy drugs, Simirin said. The van owner's husband was surrounded by cops, had to spend the night in jail and pay a bail bondsman, even though the charges against him were dropped, he said. The next day, Simirin said, the couple went to the police station to get the van. They were told they would have to go to court and pay a $200 filing fee to contest the forfeiture. Eventually, Simirin negotiated a deal so that the woman -- who was not present at the time of the bust -- paid $1,500 to get her car back and about $1,100 for towing and storage. If the woman had not paid the fees, the city would have sold her car. Simirin said the woman did not fight the case because it would have taken more than a year to resolve and would have included court and attorney fees. Part of getting the car back also includes signing an agreement not to sue the city. According to city records, in addition to the ACLU's case, eight forfeiture suits have been filed against the city. City officials aren't fazed by such suits. "The ACLU should take us to court if they are so inclined, but we feel the ordinance can withstand a legal challenge," said Nate Miley, an East Oakland city councilman who is chairman of Oakland's public safety committee. Miley said he believes the ordinance may need to be reviewed to ensure its fairness, but he thinks it is necessary to combat the drug trade plaguing his district. "Three-quarters of the cars we confiscated were from outside of Oakland," Miley said. "If word gets out that you can't come to Oakland to buy drugs, that will be a big deterrent, because there won't be any market." John Crew, director of the ACLU's police practices project, said that although the ordinance may deter crime, it also may extort money from innocent car owners. "I am not comfortable with an ordinance that gives the police a fiscal incentive to pick people up," Crew said. The ordinance does not state criteria by which the city attorney determines fines for confiscated cars, giving car owners little room to negotiate. Assistant City Attorney Marcia Meyers said that she determines fines based on several factors, but that each case is different. "I see whether there is a good connection between the crime and the car, the value of the car, whether they resisted arrest -- if the owner does not think it's (the fine) fair, they can go to court," Meyers said. Simirin said that several of his clients have decided to settle rather than go to court, because the legal process is so expensive and time-consuming. "In order to fight the case, they would have to lose the use of the car for a year, because that's how long it takes to get through the courts," Simirin said. "They also have to pay an attorney and ultimately the case might get ruled against them." A Sept. 24 hearing date is set for the ACLU case. 1998 San Francisco Examiner
------------------------------------------------------------------- The CIA's Paper Of Record (That's The Characterization Of 'The New York Times' Presented In A 'San Francisco Bay Guardian' Interview With 'Dark Alliance' Reporter And Author Gary Webb, Who Critiques The Newspaper's Recent Article About The Latest Development In The CIA-Contra-Cocaine Scandal) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 13:39:13 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: The CIA's Paper of Record Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Bay Guardian Website: http://www.sfbg.com Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Norman Solomon THE CIA'S PAPER OF RECORD A few days ago, on July 17, the New York Times published a front-page story under a blunt headline: "CIA Says It Used Nicaraguan Rebels Accused of Drug Tie." The lead of the new Times article was fairly straightforward: "The Central Intelligence Agency continued to work with about two dozen Nicaraguan rebels and their supporters during the 1980s despite allegations that they were trafficking in drugs, according to a classified study by the CIA. The new study has found that the agency's decision to keep those paid agents, or to continue dealing with them in some less formal relationship, was made by top officials at headquarters in Langley, Va., in the midst of the war waged by the CIA-backed contras against Nicaragua's leftist Sandinista Government." So what went through Gary Webb's mind when he read the July 17 article in the Times? "One thing I thought should have been prominently displayed," Webb said, "were the words 'After years of denials by both the CIA and the national newspapers of record ...' This is yet another example of the CIA lying to the press and the public -- for years -- and the newspaper of record doesn't bother to mention it." Webb added that the Times story "also forgot to mention that this 'confession' means our country's major newspapers helped keep these facts covered up by unquestioningly passing the CIA's falsehoods along to the public and denigrating any journalist who tried to report the truth." George Orwell would have understood. In his novel 1984, he wrote about the newspeak process: "To tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient, and then, when it becomes necessary again, to draw it back from oblivion for just so long as it is needed, to deny the existence of objective reality and all the while to take account of the reality which one denies -- all this is indispensably necessary." As Webb spells out in his excellent new book, Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion, top editors at the Mercury News supported his enterprising journalism for many months but, as the pressure from national media powerhouses intensified, gradually caved in. Another journalist who assessed the implications of last week's New York Times article was Robert Parry. In late 1985, as an Associated Press reporter, he teamed up with colleague Brian Barger to expose drug trafficking by the contras. "In our Dec. 20, 1985, story, we reported that the CIA already was aware of contra cocaine smuggling," Parry recalled in an interview. "Over more than a decade, the evidence of those crimes has built and built, now established beyond any reasonable doubt." As for the latest New York Times treatment, Parry is far from content: "From the very beginning -- when the New York Times ignored the original AP story -- the 'newspaper of record' which publishes 'all the news that's fit to print' has turned its back on the contra-drug story," he said. "Even worse, it has denigrated those who have tried to bring public attention to this horrendous crime of state." Now, Parry says, "in a story stuck in the lower left corner of the front page -- the most inconspicuous front-page positioning possible -- the Times acknowledged that the CIA's inspector general had determined that there was substance to the contra-drug allegations after all.... But the Times still lacked the journalistic integrity to lay out the larger case.... The Times story looked more like damage control, doing the minimum to protect the CIA's reputation and its own." Norman Solomon is coauthor of Wizards of Media Oz: Behind the Curtain of Mainstream News. His column appears weekly at sfbg.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Chipchase Had Evidence Taken Before Trials, Detective Says (An Update In 'The Fresno Bee' On The Case Of Woodlake, California Police Sergeant Kenneth Chipchase, Suspected Of Pilfering Confiscated Drugs From An Evidence Room)Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:57:40 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Chipchase Had Evidence Taken Before Trials, Detective Says Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: Fresno Bee, The Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.fresnobee.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Hanh Kim Quach - The Fresno Bee CHIPCHASE HAD EVIDENCE TAKEN BEFORE TRIALS, DETECTIVE SAYS TULARE - A Tulare County investigator testified Tuesday that a former Woodlake police sergeant charged with perjury had ordered the removal of evidence in 14 cases that were headed to trial. Kelly Robertson, an investigator for the District Attorney's Office, testified in a preliminary hearing that she checked into then-Sgt. Kenneth Chipchase's requests to remove the evidence after noticing that some items in the Woodlake Police Department evidence room were incomplete or missing. Chipchase was arrested in April after a two-month investigation into the disappearance of drugs from the room. Missing items included marijuana, LSD, heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine. The initial investigation of Chipchase centered on Woodlake's evidence room and led to one count of perjury. Robertson said she also found 12 additional instances of perjury in court and in search warrants - leading to a total of 13 perjury counts. Chipchase repeatedly said in official documents that he had served as a federal law enforcement officer, she said. His descriptions of the job included working with high-risk youth in Washington, D.C., and Miami, or offering special protection to the space shuttle at Cape Canaveral, she said. Prosecutor Robert Dempsie said Chipchase's descriptions were wrong. Another former Woodlake police sergeant, Mark Swaim, who testified July 1, said he did not see those entries on Chipchase's service record when he glanced at it before Chipchase was hired by the agency in 1993. Chipchase was placed on leave when the investigation began. He was later fired. Chipchase's preliminary hearing is scheduled to resume Aug. 4. He is free on $200,000 bond.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Petition Appeals To Secretary Of State ('The Las Vegas Sun' Says Nevadans For Medical Rights On Tuesday Contested The Finding Of Secretary Of State Dean Heller That The Initiative Campaign Had Fallen Short By Seven Signatures In Lyon County And 36 Signatures In Nye County - The Secretary Of State's Office Plans A Prompt Investigation) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:40:08 GMT From: Dave Fratello (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: NV: Las Vegas Sun on Petition Appel Las Vegas Sun Wednesday, July 22, 1998 Pot petition appeals to Secretary of State By Cy Ryan SUN CAPITAL BUREAU CARSON CITY -- The Secretary of State's office plans a prompt investigation of claims that there are enough valid signatures on petitions in two rural counties to qualify an initiative on the medical use of marijuana for the November ballot. Nevadans for Medical Rights on Tuesday contested the finding of Secretary of State Dean Heller that the petitions had fallen short of the required signatures in Lyon County by seven signers and in Nye County by 36 signatures. The petitions seek to change the Nevada Constitution to permit a person, upon the advice of a physician, to use marijuana for the treatment and alleviation of pain of a variety of ailments. A minor would be required to get the permission of a doctor and parents. The organization, through its Las Vegas lawyer Donald Campbell, filed its appeal minutes before the 5 p.m. Tuesday deadline and asked Heller to re-examine scores of signatures that had been declared invalid. The group gathered more than 70,000 signatures in 13 of the state's 17 counties. The law requires 46,764 signatures of registered voters and 10 percent of voters in 13 of the 17 counties. Nye and Lyon originally reported that the petitions had failed. Heller then asked that the figures be re-examined and the names verified. Lyon and Nye again reported the petitions were short. But Campbell said another check shows more than adequate signatures in the two counties. Pamela Crowell, deputy secretary of state for elections, said it would conduct an "expeditious" examination of the signatures in question to determine whether they were, in fact, those of registered voters. If the petition is denied again, the medical marijuana organization can appeal to the courts. In Lyon County, Angelo Paparella, a representative of Progressive Campaigns Inc., which did the gathering of signatures, performed an independent review of the signers who were declared invalid. He reported finding at least 25 signatures that should have been counted. He said Lyon County Deputy Clerk Tricia Umphries agreed that the 25 are signatures of verified voters, which would put the petition over the top. In addition, Paparella said, there were another six signatures that were crossed out that should have been tallied. In Nye County, Klinton Kinder also of Progressive Campaigns, found that the county clerk had miscounted the number of valid signatures. He said there should be 914, rather than the 890 reported. Kinder also said that at least 37 signatures, originally declared invalid for not being from registered voters, were in fact from people who were registered at the time they signed their names. Kinder also found that 14 signatures were disqualified because they were from people not registered to vote. But those people had registered to vote at the same time they signed the petition and should be counted, he said. Counting those signatures easily would put the petition over the top. In addition, on the final day the signatures were to be turned into the county clerk, June 16, Kinder said two women who had 90 signatures on a petition were turned away in Nye County because they were less than two minutes late. The 90 additional signatures are locked in a safe in the law offices of Campbell and should be counted, petition supporters said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Advocates Appeal To Salvage Nevada Ballot Question (The 'Associated Press' Version In 'The Las Vegas Sun') Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:05:56 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NV: Medical Marijuana Advocates Appeal to Salvage Nevada Ballot Question Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Las Vegas Sun (NV) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.lasvegassun.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Brendan Riley - Associated Press MEDICAL MARIJUANA ADVOCATES APPEAL TO SALVAGE NEVADA BALLOT QUESTION CARSON CITY - Advocates of Nevada's medical marijuana ballot proposal, rejected for the lack of just 43 valid signatures, appealed Tuesday and presented audits to show they had enough names to qualify. The appeal to Secretary of State Dean Heller was submitted by Las Vegas lawyer Don Campbell, representing Nevadans for Medical Rights and Americans for Medical Rights. Heller said last week that a review he ordered showed the proposal was 36 signatures shy of the minimum needed in Nye County, and seven names short in Lyon County. Advocates of the plan submitted 74,466 signatures on their petition, seemingly far above the minimum statewide total of 46,764 signatures for any petitions seeking a spot on November's ballot. But Nevada law requires that the total must include 10 percent of the registered voters in 13 of Nevada's 17 counties. Signatures were gathered only in the minimum 13, and the proponents couldn't afford to lose a single county. Campbell said Progressive Campaigns Inc., which collected the signatures, performed independent reviews in both of the rural Nevada counties, and in Lyon got a deputy clerk to agree that at least 25 rejected signatures were valid. That more than erases the 7-name deficit, he said. In Nye, Campbell said a combination of math errors and improperly rejected signatures caused a shortfall, and when those names are included the petitioners are at least three dozen signatures over the minimum - not 36 shy. The count would climb even higher if Heller would direct Nye County to accept 90 signatures delivered on the final day for submissions a few minutes after the clerk's office closed in Tonopah, Campbell said. Two women delivering those names were delayed by a traffic stop. The appeal asks for a prompt investigation by the secretary of state. If Heller goes ahead, that would mean a check of each of the names that Campbell claims are valid. If the appeal is rejected, the advocates could take their case to court. The medical marijuana initiative would let people, on the advice of physicians, use marijuana for curing or relieving pain in a number of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Minors would have to receive permission from their parents and the doctor. A registry of patients authorized to use marijuana for medical purposes would be available to police if they needed to verify a claim that it's being legally used by someone. The proposal needed voter approval this November and again in November 2000 before it could take effect. The move in Nevada was started by members of the same group that launched a successful 1996 medical marijuana petition in California. But a big legal battle developed over distribution through "cannabis clubs" in that state. However, the Nevada advocates had said the problems that occurred in California wouldn't happen here. And even though Nevada's laws against marijuana are much harsher than California's, the advocates thought voters would support the initiative because Nevadans are so protective of individual rights.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Failed Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsors Appeal ('The Las Vegas Review-Journal' Version) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:56:35 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NV: Failed Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsors Appeal Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com and Dave Fratello Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Source: Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: 702-383-4676 Website: http://www.lvrj.com/lvrj_home/ Author: Sean Whaley, Donrey Capital Bureau FAILED MEDICAL MARIJUANA INITIATIVE SPONSORS APPEAL CARSON CITY -- Supporters of a failed initiative to legalize the use of marijuana for medical purposes in Nevada filed an appeal Tuesday with the secretary of state in an effort to get the measure on the November ballot. The appeal by Americans for Medical Rights asks Secretary of State Dean Heller to review the signature counting by county clerks in Nye and Lyon counties that resulted in rejection of the measure. The ballot question was successful in 11 of 13 counties where it was circulated. But the petition fell short by seven signatures in Lyon County and 36 signatures in Nye County. Heller declared the measure failed on July 13. The group needed to qualify the petition in all 13 counties for the measure to go on the ballot. The organization had workers in the field in both counties over the past several days looking at the signatures and trying to find some that should have been counted but were not. Workers found 25 potentially valid signatures in Lyon County, and an additional 75 in Nye County, that if counted, would qualify the petition for the November ballot, according to the appeal. "From our analysis, we think we have enough signatures," said Dan Hart, a spokesman for Americans for Medical Rights. "Of course, it's not our analysis that matters. "But I think we have a rational argument that needs to be considered," he said. "I think a reasonable person will find that we have enough signatures." Heller does not have a time limit by which he must act to review the petition results in the two counties. If the group's appeal is rejected by Heller, it can challenge the decision in district court. Lyon County officials earlier this month checked all 1,418 signatures on petitions circulated by the group. Only 975 were from registered voters, however, seven short of the 982 required, according to the review by the county clerk. The Nye County signature-checking process has been plagued with problems. A number of signatures that were not counted there by the clerk were ordered counted by Heller. Even so, only 890 valid signatures of registered voters were found in a total of 1,228, or 36 short of the 926 needed. The medical marijuana initiative proposes to allow a patient to use, upon the advice of a physician, marijuana for "treatment or alleviation" of cancer, glaucoma, AIDS, persistent nausea, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and other medical problems. The proposal is one of several being pushed in states across the nation. The proposals have drawn opposition from people concerned that the ballot questions are a step toward legalization of marijuana.
------------------------------------------------------------------- MAP Focus Alert Number 73 - CNN 'TalkBack Live' (The Media Awareness Project Asks You To Make A Quick Response To A Biased Cable News Network Newscast And Online Poll Regarding Heroin Deaths In Plano, Texas) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 16:16:26 -0700 To: email@example.com From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: "Quick Action" Focus Alert and vote CNN TalkBack Live PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE FOCUS ALERT No. 73 CNN TalkBack Live CNN ran a program on TalkBack Live today. It lacked balance, had no reform spokespersons and promoted the following poll: Should drug dealers be charged with murder when a buyer fatally overdoses? as of this post the results were 52% yes 48% No Please cast your vote at: http://cnn.com/CNN/Programs/TalkBack/index.html *** CONTACT INFO Email TalkBack about the unbalanced nature of the show at firstname.lastname@example.org "Extra Credit" See: http://www.mapinc.org/resource/email.htm to find email addresses for your local newspapers and write a LTE *** At 01:19 PM 7/22/98 -0700, Tom O'Connell wrote: It now appears that the stimulus for the CNN "TalkBack Live" show today was the arrest of some of the drug dealers which the involved federal prosecutor (a grand-stander named Bradford) claims "knowingly" sold heroin to kids. It appears that he wants to seek the death penalty (the CNN Poll was running 2:1 in favor of death for dealers during the program). My guess is that CNN cobbled together this show at the last minute, so it was devoted EXCLUSIVELY to airing a hard line prohibitionist theme. We should really let CNN hear about this. It's the kind of unbalanced presentation which significantly sets back the cause of reform. It's the worst recent example I can think of in which propaganda and news became so inseparably intertwined. Tom O'Connell *** SAMPLE LETTER SENT WED 7/22/98 Dear Talkback Live The inflammatory, uninformed, and biased show on the heroin deaths in Plano Texas was a new high in inaccuracy for TalkBack Live and CNN. The people who need to be tried for murder are federal prosecutors like Bradock and others who continue to promote a failed, expensive and monumentally foolish drug war and who have been responsible for the deaths of thousands of young people and adults for decades. Heroin is dangerous and available to our kids solely because of prohibition. If it were sensibly regulated, accidental overdose deaths would be virtually unheard of. The next time you do a show on drug matters please at least balance it with representatives from Common Sense for Drug Policy or The Lindesmith Center so a sensible policy which would have saved these childrens lives can be discussed. Otherwise you're just as guilty as the government. Also please get your producers to become aware of http://www.drugsense.org and http://www.mapinc.org so that you have at least a little accuracy to counter fools like Mr. Bradock For this show at least you had all the strength of conviction and accuracy of the National Inquirer. Shame on you. *** Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Plano Drug Crackdown Targets Heroin Dealers (WFAA In Texas, An ABC Affiliate, Says Plano Police And The Drug Enforcement Administration Arrested 29 Alleged Local Heroin Dealers And A Federal Grand Jury Has Charged Them In Connection With Some Of The Heroin-Related Deaths Of 14 Young People In Plano, Threatening Them With Mandatory Minimum 20-Years-To-Life Sentences - Plus Background From A Local Correspondent) From: email@example.com Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 18:19:45 -0500 (CDT) Subject: MEDIA ALERT: Plano Drug Crackdown To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org They busted a bunch of freakin' kids, most of whom were heroin addicts. See: http://www.wfaa.com/news/9807/22/heroin_bust.shtml Thanks to Tom for the tip on the way CNN mishandled the situation. I guess that's to be expected. I just watched the ABC Evening News and they are continuing their anti-drug warrior ways. They made a big deal about the DEA wanting to charge these kids with distributing a drug that caused a death which can double the 10-year sentence. Those on the west coast can catch the ABC Evening News. The rest of you that are interested should tune in Nightline, TONIGHT. It will cover the Plano bust. Chief Glasscock wants to charge them with murder. He thinks anyone that distributes drugs that kill are murderers. I wonder if Glasscock has the balls to go after liquor store owners? This is the story from the website listed above. It's the local ABC affiliate WFAA. Email is -- email@example.com. *** Plano Drug Crackdown Targets Heroin Dealers For comprehensive coverage, watch Channel 8 News at Daybreak, Midday, 5, 6 and 10pm. Eight of the 29 people who have been arrested in the Plano drug crackdown. (WFAA-TV) PLANO, July 22 -- Federal authorities have announced a large-scale crackdown on drug traffickers in Plano -- a Dallas suburb where heroin use has taken at least 14 young lives. The parents of four Plano heroin overdose victims now know who allegedly supplied the deadly drug. Plano Police and the Drug Enforcement Administration arrested 29 alleged heroin dealers in an unprecedented case to hold them responsible for the deaths. A federal grand jury in Sherman indicted them for conspiracy in the deaths of 20-year-old Milan Malina; 19-year-old Wes Scott; 19-year-old Rob Hill; and 16-year-old Erin Baker. The alleged drug pushers face a minimum 20 year prison sentence up to life under a little-used federal law. The father of Wes Scott says his son was -- in effect -- murdered. "Hatred. Hatred doesn't even come close to the way I feel," said Larry Scott. "The people at the top, as I understand it, are not users. They're in it strictly for the money. They're in it strictly for the human misery they provide to other people at a price." Investigators traced Plano's supply of black tar heroin to the opium poppy fields of Mexico. Two natives from a village near Acapulco have already been convicted on lesser charges of running the deadly operation. Ecliserio Martinez, 37, was the chief of smuggling. Salvadore Piņeda, 26, distributed to all of Collin County. They walked it across the border hidden in hollowed-out boot heels. >From a house in a quiet McKinney neighborhood, the DEA says Piņeda and Martinez made $30,000 a week. Narcotics agents seized enough heroin there to supply 110,000 doses. "They were killing a community," said DEA Special Agent in Charge Julio Mercado. "It was like PacMan. They were just eating these kids slowly." Plano narcotics officers and a homicide detective teamed up to back track the heroin from each victim. Piņeada's organization supplied distributors operating out of what was known as the "Blue House" in east Plano, according to the indictment. It's been re-painted since police shut it down and arrested six dealers now accused of contributing to the overdose deaths. They allegedly supplied open air heroin markets run out of apartments in the heart of Plano near Central Expressway. The last links in the heroin supply chain to the victims flowed through ten young adults from Plano, Allen, and Dallas according to the indictment. In the case of Wes Scott, he was allegedly supplied with heroin to snort at a party by two former classmates from Plano Senior High School: 19-year-old John Aaron Pruett and 20-year-old John Hughes Woodward. Pruett is also accused of supplying the deadly overdose to 16-year-old Erin Baker. Pruett's parents have said that he, too, was a victim of drug addiction. The indictment accuses Pruett of being a significant distributor. The DEA says the young people were long-time dealers trying to get other teenagers hooked on heroin. "There comes a point where someone has to accept some responsibility, and if they don't show any interest in rehabbing or serious about getting clean, throw the book at them," said Larry Scott. "Throw the book at them. And that would include my own son, Wes -- if he were here." Reporter: Robert Riggs Last update: Wednesday, July 22 at 02:05 PM
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Mistook Officer's Shot As Hostile Fire During Raid, Source Says ('The Houston Chronicle' Suggests There May Be No Legal Recourse For The Family Of Pedro Oregon Navarro, Who Was Killed By Houston Police Last Week Who Entered His Apartment Without A Warrant In Search Of Drugs He Didn't Have And Shot Him Nine Times In The Back After He Was Already Felled By Other Shots)From: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:11:28 -0500 (CDT) Subject: ART: Police mistook officer's shot as hostile fire during raid To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG Cc: editor@MAPINC.ORG Sender: email@example.com This story can be used as a prime example of everything that is wrong with a war on drugs -- no-knock, bad informant, incompetent law enforcement, etc. 7-22-98 Houston Chronicle http://www.chron.com firstname.lastname@example.org *** Police mistook officer's shot as hostile fire during raid, source says By S.K. BARDWELL Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle A mistaken belief that a Houston police officer had been hit by hostile fire during a drug raid prompted the barrage of gunfire that killed a 22-year-old suspect, an HPD source told the Chronicle on Tuesday. Pedro Oregon Navarro never fired the handgun found in his apartment after he was shot to death by police last week, the source said. A shot fired by one of the officers in the raid hit a fellow officer in his bullet-resistant vest and knocked him to the floor. Officers apparently thought the shot had been fired by Oregon, prompting police to open fire on the suspect, the source said. Police fired more than 30 shots at Oregon. Autopsy findings released Monday showed Oregon was hit by 12 shots, nine of them fired into his back and from above him. New details of the incident were revealed Tuesday by a police source, who asked to remain unidentified. Members of the gang task force assigned to the Southwest Patrol Division arrested a man with narcotics in his possession late Saturday, the source said. That suspect told the officers he bought the narcotics from a man in Oregon's apartment and offered to help them arrest the man in return for not being arrested himself. The narcotics suspect knocked on Oregon's door while the gang task force officers hid outside, the source said. When the door was opened, the officers, all in full HPD uniform, ran inside. Gang task force members ran after Oregon but found the door to the bedroom he had gone into locked. Officer Lamont E. Tillery kicked the bedroom door open. When the bedroom door opened, one of the officers shouted that Oregon had a gun. About the same time, the gun held by the officer behind Tillery went off, the bullet striking Tillery and knocking him to the floor. The other officers, thinking Tillery had been shot by Oregon, opened fire. Under Texas law, though, it may not matter whether Oregon fired a weapon or not, Harris County District Attorney John B. Holmes Jr. said Tuesday. Holmes said earlier that the gang task force officers, who have been relieved of duty while the matter is investigated, probably had no legal right to enter Oregon's home without a warrant. As Holmes pointed out then, however, while Texas law allows a person to resist unlawful deadly force with deadly force, it does not allow a person to resist a search or arrest by a peace officer, even if the search or arrest is unlawful. Holmes said he has received many calls and letters, "some of them pretty hateful," from outraged people who apparently did not understand that he was only quoting the law, not expressing his personal view. "Most of the people are influenced ... by the fact that the officers made an entry that hindsight tells us was not lawful, in my personal view, and I'm no lightweight when it comes to arrest, search and seizure," Holmes said. But the law dealing with resistance to unlawful search or arrest was discussed at length by the legislative committee that revised the penal code in 1974, Holmes said. The committee ultimately decided "that it was preferable to have citizens and cops fighting about the lawfulness of what they do in the courtroom rather than on the street or in the building or in the home, because the citizen is going to lose nine times out of 10," Holmes said. "I don't know what happened out there," Holmes said. "I can imagine a scenario where they're justified. I can imagine a scenario where they're not. "What I truly feel in my heart of hearts is these guys had no idea what they were doing," Holmes said. "One of the things that could be acknowledged here is how smart the police chief's rule is," Holmes added, referring to Police Chief C.O. Bradford's order that all informants used by narcotics or vice officers be registered with the department. "Narcotics investigation is a specialized kind of police work," Holmes said. "I don't want some burglary and theft detective investigating my killing, and I would prefer not to have patrol officers ... working narcotics cases. "That's why I suspect they developed the rule that they did with regards to working informers and that kind of stuff," Holmes said: "It's a good rule and this, I think, points out why it should be followed." Evidence collected in the case will be presented to a grand jury, Holmes said, adding it probably will be presented to a new panel that will be seated Aug. 1.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Arresting Officers Followed Rules (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Houston Chronicle' By Houston District Attorney John Holmes Defends The Killers Of Pedro Oregon Navarro) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 10:03:44 -0700 To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/ Subj: LTE: Arresting officers followed rules [says DA] From: email@example.com Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:54:28 -0500 (CDT) Here's one from Houston D.A., "Long" (we're talkin' mustache) John Holmes. Holmes states, "Each of the officers conducting the arrest were dressed in Houston Police Department blue uniforms". Can't I purchase one of these uniforms from the local police supply store? 7-22-98 Houston Chronicle http://www.chron.com firstname.lastname@example.org *** Arresting officers followed rules I read the July 18 Viewpoints letters ("HPD's lethal Rambo-ism") and was disturbed that some members of the public believe the rule about using deadly force came from my play-book. However, the Texas Penal Code provides that the use of force against another is not justified to resist an arrest or search that the actor knows is being made by a peace officer, or by a person acting in a peace officer's presence and at his direction, even though the arrest or search is unlawful, unless the resistance is justified under Subsection (c). Subsection (c) provides that the use of force to resist an arrest or search is justified if, before the actor offers any resistance, the peace officer (or person acting at his direction) uses or attempts to use greater force than necessary to make the arrest or search; and when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is immediately necessary to protect himself against the peace officer's (or other person's) use or attempted use of greater force than necessary. In the case of Pedro Oregon, [killed in a police raid at his home] (Page one, July 17, "Cops may have had right to shoot; DA speaks about deadly home raid"), I am unaware of any evidence suggesting that the persons in the residence did not know the entry was gained by police officers. Each of the officers conducting the arrest were dressed in Houston Police Department blue uniforms. The Legislature has provided criminal penalties for anyone who prevents or obstructs a police officer from affecting an arrest or search, even if that search was unlawful. If the actor uses a deadly weapon to resist an arrest or search, it is a felony of the third degree in accordance with the law. John B. Holmes Jr., district attorney, Harris County
------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE Program Could Lose Federal Funding Under New Policies ('The Dallas Morning News' Says Many School Districts In Texas And Elsewhere Around The United States May Have To Rreplace Or Rethink Their Drug Education Programs Over The Next Two Years Because The US Department Of Education Has Labeled The Program Ineffective) From: email@example.com Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:54:01 -0500 (CDT) Subject: ART: D.A.R.E. program could lose federal funding To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG Cc: editor@MAPINC.ORG Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org If the DMN is printing a negative DARE story on PAGE 1, its days must be numbered. 7-22-98 Dallas Morning News http://www.dallasnews.com email@example.com *** Some anti-drug efforts called ineffective D.A.R.E. program could lose federal funding under new policies 07/22/98 By Gayle Reaves / The Dallas Morning News Many school districts in Texas and around the country may have to replace or rethink their drug education programs over the next two years because of recent action by the U.S. Department of Education. The federal agency has just said no to spending hundreds of millions of tax dollars on programs deemed ineffective in keeping kids off drugs. This year, the government will spend $556 million on anti-drug programs, including $40 million in Texas, through its Safe and Drug-Free Schools initiative. The most widely used program in Texas schools could be affected by the new policies. The controversial D.A.R.E. program - Drug Abuse Resistance Education - is used in more than half of Texas school districts but did not make a list of programs researchers have labeled effective in reducing or preventing drug use among young people. D.A.R.E., used in Plano and several other North Texas districts, has been criticized as ineffective and too restrictive. It is funded by a variety of sources, but the $345,000 spent annually by its statewide group to train police officers to teach its program comes from federal funds. The main program used in Dallas schools isn't on the list, either, but officials said it shouldn't be affected because it does not use federal money. Law Enforcement Teaching Students - or LETS - was developed by the Dallas Police Department and Dallas school officials. Several other area school districts also use it. "This is going to impact most of what everyone does," in terms of school anti-drug programs, said Kay Beth Stavley of the Texas Education Agency. Under rules that went into effect this month, the Department of Education will require school districts and other agencies that receive federal money to prove within two years that their programs reduce drug use among students. School districts will have to tackle the tough job of scientifically justifying their current programs; choose programs that have already been accepted as effective; or find a new source of funding. Schools that don't use federal money or those that already use proven, effective programs won't have to change, said Ms. Stavley, Texas coordinator for the Safe and Drug-Free Schools program. For others, "the reality is that schools need to seriously rethink what they're doing, really look at where their dollars are going, what's the best use of their funds," she said. The education agency has given school and state officials a list of programs that experts say have been proven effective by testing and research. Education officials stress their list is partial and preliminary, intended only as a guide to school officials. D.A.R.E. leaders say they have been consulting with federal education and Justice Department officials about what it would take to get their program on the recommended list. "We are putting in place research to prove our effectiveness," said Dave Williams, statewide coordinator of the Texas D.A.R.E. Institute. Officials with Fort Worth and Arlington, which use D.A.R.E., say they are reviewing their participation in that and other drug programs. "All our drug programs will be reviewed except those found to be research-based," said Roy Griffin, coordinator of drug prevention programs for Fort Worth schools. His district uses a variety of anti-drug programs in various grades, including D.A.R.E., which is paid for by the Fort Worth Police Department. When proven programs are available, he said, he questions continued use of curricula that may not work. "If you know there's something that works and you're not using it, whose fault is that?" he said. "It's like saying we're going to try a new reading program for two years. If it doesn't work, we've lost two years of teaching children to read." William Modzeleski, director of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, said the U.S. education agency became concerned "as we began to see drug use [among young people] go up again after decreasing for a decade, going up for four or five years in a row. We wanted to take a careful look at how our dollars are being spent." The effort to make drug programs accountable comes at the same time as a new $195 million government anti-drug advertising campaign that is delivering stark messages about the dangers of drug abuse through newspapers, the Internet and broadcast media. Experts said it may take as long as three years to determine this effort's effectiveness. For federally funded programs in U.S. schools, Mr. Modzeleski said, grant recipients must move beyond rating programs by popularity to judging them by results. In North Texas, school officials, police officers and parents whose children have been through various anti-drug programs talked about how well-received the programs are and how beneficial they thought it was for police officers and students to interact in school. But they had little grounds for comparing programs and little hard data about how the programs affected drug use. "I really feel the kids need all the kinds of information they can get, wherever they can get it," said Brenda Barnes, whose daughter, Lindsey, participated in D.A.R.E. at Short Elementary in Arlington. "I know Lindsey talked real often about the police officers who taught the program. I would rather my kids find out these kinds of things through a great source than on the streets." D.A.R.E. is only one of many programs that could be affected by the new federal policy. But long-standing criticisms of D.A.R.E. are in part responsible for the new policy. Launched in 1983 in Los Angeles, D.A.R.E. is the largest and oldest and one of the best-known drug education programs operating in American schools. D.A.R.E. says its program is taught to 26 million U.S. schoolchildren and 9 million in other countries. The set curriculum is taught, usually in fifth grade, for an hour a week for 17 weeks by uniformed police officers. Plano Officer Jody Privett, a D.A.R.E. instructor, said the presence of uniformed officers is one of the program's strengths. "The way most people I know in D.A.R.E. look at it is, any prevention [effort], whether D.A.R.E. or some other class, is great," he said. But numerous studies over the last several years have found D.A.R.E. and many other programs have done little or nothing to reduce or prevent drug abuse by children and teens. D.A.R.E. officials take exception to those studies. At the same time, they say they are commissioning their own studies to show it does get results. In Texas, "we're doing a sampling evaluation," said Mr. Williams of the state D.A.R.E. Institute. The study, by an outside firm, will look at drug use by children who have taken D.A.R.E. classes compared with those who haven't. Other critics object to D.A.R.E.'s use of student pledges to abstain from all drugs and alcohol and the program's teaching that drug use of any kind is bad. Larry Nickerson of Fort Worth said his daughter, in a discussion of other school matters, volunteered that she didn't like D.A.R.E. because of the required pledge and because "the D.A.R.E. people continually harp on not using drugs and she already knows that, so why do they keep saying this over and over?" Mr. Nickerson said he dislikes D.A.R.E. and would like to see the nation rethink all of its drug policies. He said he had not discussed his feelings with his daughter. College student Lee Johnson, 21, took D.A.R.E. classes in sixth grade in a small town in Illinois. During the course, she said, rumors circulated that the instructing officer was himself a drug user. According to local newspaper articles, the officer resigned after being suspended and investigated for "improprieties" amid allegations of marijuana use. When she has kids, Ms. Johnson said, she will not let them participate in D.A.R.E. Of more than 40 kids in her sixth-grade class, she said, "I don't know of any kid . . . that didn't try drugs at least once. And some, maybe half, sell and/or use today. And I don't live in L.A. or anything. I live in your typical small-town U.S.A." She said she believes her classmates' decisions about drugs were influenced by what happened to their D.A.R.E. instructor. "A lot of what I heard was, 'How can you believe in something when the person teaching you is doing the opposite?' " she said. A number of cities, school districts and police departments around the country have dropped D.A.R.E. because of concerns over its lack of proven results and other issues. "D.A.R.E. is an excellent program," said Sgt. Brent Caughron of the Cedar Hill Police Department. But the city now uses other programs instead. Dallas police Sgt. Mike Marshall credits D.A.R.E. with being a groundbreaker, "the program everybody learned from." But after a few years of the early anti-drug programs, he said, police and school officials "found we were educating some very smart drug users. We were teaching kids how to recognize drugs, how to use them. Over a period of years, we decided that wasn't the best thing to do." LETS, used most in Dallas schools, was developed about 12 years ago to incorporate more "life skills," which D.A.R.E. also now includes. He said he has been told LETS "is one of the few programs taught in schools that consistently gets outstanding reviews for quality and content. But as to whether they [those schools] have an increase or decrease in drug use, I don't know." A quote from one of the scores of Web sites concerning D.A.R.E. sums up the problem in measuring drug abuse prevention and the attitude toward such measurement that the Department of Education rules seek to address. "How do you prove a crime was prevented? How do you prove D.A.R.E. classes kept youth from using drugs?" the D.A.R.E. supporter wrote. "How do you catch a moonbeam?" Not everyone is convinced that the new federal guidelines will bring about substantial changes. Glenn Brooks is director of justice programs for the criminal justice division of the Texas governor's office, which distributes about $8 million of the federal drug education money. "I've been around state and federal stuff a long time," he said. "This may turn out to be wonderful or it may turn out to be nothing."
------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE Ends At Keller District School ('The Fort Worth Star-Telegram' Says Keller, Texas Police Chief Bill Griffith Made The Announcement, Saying Recent Studies Have Shown The Program Is Effective Only If Taught At All Grade Levels, Which The Keller Police Department Does Not Have The Money To Do) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:52:18 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: D.A.R.E. Ends At Keller District School Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Author: Matt Frazier Star-Telegram Staff Writer Note: Matt Frazier, (817) 685-3852, firstname.lastname@example.org D.A.R.E. ENDS AT KELLER DISTRICT SCHOOL KELLER -- There will be no Drug Abuse Resistance Education program at Fossil Hill Middle School in the 1998-1999 school year, police officials said. Also, Keller Police Chief Bill Griffith's plan to replace D.A.R.E at Bear Creek Intermediate School has been put on hold for at least a year, although his plan to house a juvenile services substation at Keller Middle School appears to be on track, he said yesterday. Fort Worth police said that they will continue to teach D.A.R.E at Chisholm Trail Intermediate School, but that they cannot afford to continue the 2-year-old program at Fossil Hill Middle School. "We are downsizing the unit," said Sgt. D.L. Morton, D.A.R.E. unit supervisor for the Fort Worth Police Department. "Instead of having one full-time [officer] and one part-time [officer], we will just have one full-time officer. It's an expensive program." Griffith complained about D.A.R.E.'s cost in June when he asked Keller district trustees to consider replacing the program at Bear Creek Intermediate School. "We can create a different program that would cover 12 years," Griffith told trustees. "What we are looking at is expansion." Keller police teach D.A.R.E. to fifth-graders. Griffith said recent studies have shown that the program is only effective if taught at all grade levels, which the Keller Police Department does not have the money to do. School district officials said the district needs a more developed plan before dumping D.A.R.E. "Our plans at this point in time are to continue with D.A.R.E for this year and have our curriculum people work with him [Griffith] to write a new curriculum for next year," Superintendent Charles Bradberry said. The Keller Police Department does not have enough money to continuing teaching D.A.R.E. to Bear Creek Intermediate School's expanding fifth grade, so during the 1998-99 school year the department's officer now working at Keller High School will spend two days a week at the intermediate school, Griffith said. Griffith said he is committed to setting up a juvenile services substation and holding facility at Keller Middle School. The facility will not be a jail, but a room approved by the state as being safe and proper to detain children "until their parents arrive," he said. "We will have one sergeant and one investigator there and an approved holding facility," he said. "I'm very committed to the personal contact between the students and police officers."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Extensive Prison Raid Turns Up Little in Joliet ('The Daily Southtown' In Illinois Says 235 Tactical Officers And 13 Drug-Sniffing Dogs Searched Joliet Correctional Center Tuesday Turned Up Three Handmade Weapons And Two Inmates' Urine That Tested Positive For Cannabis Metabolites - Two Visitors Were Arrested On Unspecified Charges) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:48:24 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US IL: Extensive Prison Raid Turns Up Little in Joliet Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Daily Southtown (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dailysouthtown.com/ Pubdate: Wednesday, July 22, 1998 EXTENSIVE PRISON RAID TURNS UP LITTLE IN JOLIET One of the largest prison raids ever in Illinois found very little contraband. "I think we've established our goal to make Illinois prisons a drug-free and safe place," Corrections Department spokesman Nic Howell said Tuesday after 235 tactical officers and 13 drug-sniffing dogs descended on the Joliet Correctional Center. Officers found three handmade weapons and arrested two visitors. Drug tests were given to 339 inmates; only two tested positive, both for marijuana. Seven others refused to take the test and were reprimanded. By contrast, in a May search at the medium-security Henry Hill prison in Galesburg, 25 inmates tested positive for drugs and 31 others either refused to take the test or were unable to provide a sample.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Some Residents Questioning Police Tactics In Dealing With Teens ('The Bangor Daily News' In Maine Shows How The Local War On Some Drug Users Disturbs The Peace, Sows Discord And Alienates Young People) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:00:00 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US ME: Some Residents Questioning Police Tactics in Dealing With Teens Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: The Bangor Daily News (ME) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.bangornews.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Walter Griffin, Of the NEWS Staff SOME RESIDENTS QUESTIONING POLICE TACTICS IN DEALING WITH TEENS CAMDEN - Just as the town is divided over recent police actions, so is the Board of Selectmen over the idea of forming a task force to review Police Department policies. The selectmen voted 3-2 this week to create a task force to review police policies in the aftermath of public complaints about the way the department conducted a drug bust last month. Some in town deplored the methods used, others commended police for working to keep the town drug free. The daylight raid on a Norwood Avenue apartment resulted in one adult being charged with selling marijuana. Four local high school boys were also inside when police forced their way into the smoke-filled house. The police were heavily armed and wearing bulletproof vests. Forty packages of marijuana were found in the apartment. The occupants were unarmed. One of the teen-age boys present in the apartment told his parents police were rough with him and cursed him and his friends during the bust. David Clark, the 19-year-old charged with drug dealing, had arrived in Camden a few months ago after being acquitted of attempted murder in Philadelphia. The way the drug bust was handled outraged not only the parents of the teen-agers, but also parents of many of their high school classmates. A formal complaint filed by one parent against the police is being reviewed by an independent, outside investigator. In addition, some parents held an open forum at the First Congregational Church last week in an attempt to resolve what they perceive as a growing gulf between the police and the community's youth. ''We believe that our police force is taking an adversarial stance in many situations and rather than be models of ethical behavior, helping and safe-guarding the public, they have adopted belligerent attitudes and language,'' a group of 40 parents told selectmen in a prepared statement. Although no one is saying so publicly, it appears that a perception is growing among area youth that the police have been handcuffed by the parental criticism. Officers are being cursed on a regular basis and, last weekend, two had the path of their cruiser blocked by a group of seven young people on the public landing. Langston Beram, 20, of Warren was charged with obstructing a public way and failure to disperse, but Sgt. Glen Wakefield and Patrolman Alan King allowed the other youths and juveniles to walk away. Selectmen Brian Keefe, Peter Gross and Leonard Lookner agreed the task force was necessary. Sid Lindsley and John French were opposed to the proposal. French called the decision an emotional reaction to a nonexistent problem. He said that while ''there may be some room for community relations'' within the police department, a full review of existing policies was unnecessary. ''I think this is too emotional right now and things need to settle down,'' French said. ''They are going about this for all the wrong reasons. If we're going to have a community-wide look at the police, maybe we should have a community-wide look at some of these parents. People have to take responsibility for their children.'' Police Chief Terry Burgess, although leery about the task force, pledged to assist its members. Burgess said Tuesday that the department's policies were open for anyone to review and questioned the need to involve an outside group. ''My objection is based on the fact that I don't have a good understanding of what they want the task force to accomplish,'' Burgess said. ''Too often people come forward because they have an issue. I think the makeup of this group is going to be crucial to its ability to be objective. I guess we'll just have to wait and see.'' The civilian task force is expected to look into police policies and procedures, including the use of armed force in carrying out police duties. The parents also want it to address the department's attitude toward teen-agers. ''This group of concerned citizens has not taken the task of approaching the Board of Selectmen on the matter of the current attitude and posture of the Camden Police Department lightly,'' the parents stated. ''This group is not made up of disgruntled parents who want their kids to get away with anything. We fully realize and expect that our children must obey the law, and that when they are caught breaking the law, we expect that they will have to pay the consequences. Our intent is not to polarize our community but to demand strong ethical behavior in policing. It is a difficult issue.'' As selectmen view it, the task force will be composed of 10 to 12 residents. Interested residents may apply to serve on the panel by notifying the town office by the end of next week. The selectmen will then name the members and give them their instructions at their August 17 meeting. The task force will be given a specific period of time to complete its work and then will be disbanded, according to Town Manager Roger Moody. ''The words I heard most were attitude and culture,'' Moody said after the meeting. ''Right now I'm not sure what police policies relate to those broadly defined issues or what attitudes are involved.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pro-Marijuana Event Slated For Second Year ('The Daily Gazette' In Schenectady, New York, Publicizes The Woodrock '98 Festival Set For August 8 In Ephratah) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:41:45 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US PA: Pro-Marijuana Event Slated For 2nd Year Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk Source: Daily Gazette (Schenectady, NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dailygazette.com Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Jim McGuire - Gazette Reporter PRO-MARIJUANA EVENT SLATED FOR 2ND YEAR Woodrock '98 set for Aug. 8 in Ephratah; host hopes police will be more cooperative EPHRATAH - While achieving a measure of fame, Ina Kurz raised the blood pressure of her neighbors last summer when she hosted "Woodrock '97," a pro-marijuana festival. The promoter plans a repeat of the festival, but added she is hoping for a peaceful gathering. "Woodrock '98" will kickoff about noon Aug. 8 on the grounds of her Rockwood General Store at the intersection of routes 20 and 10. "I'm not a quitter. I think it's a good cause," Kurz said Tuesday, explaining her decision to organize a second festival. "Marijuana is not a harmful drug," she asserted, arguing it should be decriminalized. With five rock bands, vendors and an appearance by Thomas K. Leighton, the Marijuana Reform Party's candidate for governor, Kurz is predicting better attendance this year. Last year, authorities were expecting as many as 10,000 people. Sheriff Thomas J. Lorey, anticipating a possible calamity, set up a command post in this western Fulton County town and deployed off-duty deputies to maintain order. Kurz claimed about 2,500 patrons came and went throughout the day, but Lorey estimated attendance of several hundred. This year, he said, Woodrock will not run up the department's overtime pay budget, "Due to participation at last year's event, we'll keep a normal patrol in the western part of the county. If they disturb the peace, though, and get out of hand like they did last year, we will take the appropriate steps," Lorey said. Lorey shut down Woodrock '97.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Giuliani's Drive Against Methadone Called Unlikely To Prevail ('The New York Times' Says That New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani Continued For A Second Day His Attack On Methadone Treatment, But Many Experts And Government Officials Pointed Out He Had Little Power To Do Anything) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:43:32 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NYT: Giuliani's Drive Against Methadone Called Unlikely to Prevail Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joycelyn Woods) Source: New York Times Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Ian Fisher GIULIANI'S DRIVE AGAINST METHADONE CALLED UNLIKELY TO PREVAIL NEW YORK -- As Mayor Rudolph Giuliani began a second day of attacks on methadone treatment, many experts and government officials said that he could, in reality, do very little to force a retreat from the synthetic drug that has been widely prescribed for 30 years to blunt heroin cravings. While roughly 40,000 heroin addicts receive methadone in New York City, the mayor has no control -- financial or regulatory -- over the programs that serve the vast majority of those addicts, experts say. Dr. Luis Marcos, president of the city's Health and Hospitals Corp., said the city was re-evaluating its drug treatment programs in the few places where it has direct authority, in the city jails and public hospitals. And even if the mayor's ability to act was limited, he seemed to relish repeating his condemnation of methadone, which he first expressed Monday in apparently impromptu remarks, saying its use simply replaced one addictive drug with another. He pushed aside criticism from many experts on addiction and fears from former heroin addicts themselves and said abstinence was a more "moral" and "decent" way to cure heroin addiction. "I don't get offended any longer when people call me crazy," Giuliani said at a news conference, responding to the attack from one doctor. "But I wonder about a doctor running a methadone program who, when a mayor raises the idea that we should end methadone, which is a way of keeping people dependent, describes my idea as crazy." Aside from the broad attacks on methadone, its cost and its supporters, the mayor and other city officials did not elaborate on what exactly he might do. Marcos, who runs the public hospital system, said that his department has already started to adjust the goals of its drug treatment programs, and that abstinence would become the city's new measure for success in treating heroin addiction, just as it is for treating alcoholism. He said that if not enough former heroin addicts were also able to quit taking methadone, the city could stop offering it in drug programs in public hospitals and jails, where the treatment is partly paid for by the state and federal governments. "It could be that one day we decide to stop offering methadone because we consider we are not helping people and it is not ethical to provide a service just because we are getting reimbursed," Marcos said. But the numbers of people in these city programs underscored just how little control Giuliani has over most methadone programs around the city. The city pays directly for just one methadone program, which serves 4,300 prisoners a year in the city jail system, accounting for a scant 10 percent of those taking methadone in New York City. The city could withhold methadone from those addicts. The city also serves 2,000 more people in 5 drug treatment programs in public hospitals, and could stop providing methadone there. But those patients are paid for mostly with federal and state dollars and would be free to join other private programs. About 34,000 more people receive methadone in 122 private programs licensed and regulated by the state, not the city. This year, all the programs, except the one in the jails, were paid for largely by a combination of $30.6 million in direct state money, and another $103.2 million in Medicaid money, which is paid for from federal, state and local governments, according to the state Department of Health. Although New York City contributed $25.8 million in local Medicaid money, state health officials said the mayor could not stop paying for methadone because Medicaid regulations require that it be covered. The city does not "have the option to tailor Medicaid benefits," said Frances Tarlton, a spokeswoman for the state Health Department. Several drug addiction experts accused the mayor of playing politics with the issue of methadone and overlooking what they contend are the benefits of the drug: people on methadone, they say, are less likely to commit crimes or contract HIV and more likely to be employed. "I'm extraordinarily surprised to find that any public high-ranking official of either party does not know of the 30 years of scientific and clinical research documenting the safety and effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment," Dr. Mary Jean Kreek, who helped develop methadone in the 1960s, said in a telephone interview. "To deny treatment would be turn people who are able to work back into potential street criminals," added Dr. Kreek, who heads the Laboratory of the Biology of Addictive Diseases at Rockefeller University in New York. Joycelyn Woods, executive vice president of the National Alliance of Methadone Advocates, who has been taking methadone for 25 years, said she was afraid the mayor's comments might make it harder to get the drug she says helped to rebuild her life. "This is a lifesaving medicine," said Ms. Woods, who has earned a master's degree since overcoming heroin addiction. "To have it taken from you like this, and to see somebody like the mayor say it, is like a knife in your heart." But even if many addiction experts condemned Giuliani, several did not, saying that methadone treatment does indeed cost too much, and that many people stay on it for years and remain addicted to other drugs. "I think the mayor, even though he may not have meant to get into this area quite this way, is really on the right track in the sense of wanting to get at that large number of people who are really stuck and not making progress," said Dr. Mitchell Rosenthal, president of Phoenix House, a network of treatment facilities that do not use methadone. "In that sense, I think he may be making a real contribution to rethinking this aspect of public policy."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Giuliani's War On Methadone (A Staff Editorial In 'The New York Post' Says That, Whether Methadone Should Be Gotten Rid Of Or Not, New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani Is Right About Requiring Those In Treatment To Work) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:46:06 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NYPost: Editorial: Giuliani's War on Methadone Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joycelyn Woods) Source: New York Post Contact: email@example.com Website: http://nypostonline.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 GIULIANI'S WAR ON METHADONE Mayor Giuliani ignited a minor storm this week when he launched into an attack on methadone, the synthetic analgesic widely used to dull the effects of heroin withdrawal. The mayor blasted a treatment method that, he said, focuses more on maintaining people on methadone than on encouraging them to stop using drugs altogether. No longer will participants in drug treatment programs be excluded from workfare, the mayor said. And he wants to end the distribution of methadone in New York City altogether within a few years. The mayor was immediately blasted by the drug-treatment community, which has been handing out methadone for more than three decades and made it a public-policy sacred cow. There's no reason it should be beyond debate and discussion. Methadone is at the heart of a $50-million business in New York. Of the 115,000 authorized methadone "slots" nationwide, 43,000 are in New York state (the overwhelming majority in the city). There's good reason for this; it's one of the few treatment programs withany record of success. The problem is that the record isn't a very good one studies show it varies between 20 and 30 percent. People invoke the term "drug treatment" as though it were a cure-all solution to the drug problem. In truth, drug addiction has so far defeated rational efforts at treatment, even a simple substitution system like methadone. Some drug-treatment experts think the methadone system needs an outright overhaul in any case. Mark Kleiman of UCLA says one reason methadone remains popular, despite the availability of substitutes thought to be superior (such as LAAM), is because it is easily traded on the black market for other drugs. Whether methadone should be gotten rid of or not, the mayor is right about requiring those in treatment to work. Many methadone patients lead middle-class lives indistinguishable from those of their non-drug-using neighbors. Treating heroin addicts as though they are the same as people with severe physical disabilities is an act of moral condescension. The mayor has done a service in bringing this critical issue to the public's attention.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Methadone Works, Usually (Even Arch-Prohibitionist Dr. Sally Satel, In A 'New York Times' Op-Ed, Thinks New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani Is Being Extreme In His New Campaign To Prohibit Methadone Maintenance Programs) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:36:26 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NYT: Satel: Methadone Works, Usually Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Joycelyn Woods) Source: New York Times Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Sally L. Satel METHADONE WORKS, USUALLY Mayor Rudolph Giuliani alarmed drug policy experts on Monday when he said he wanted to abolish all methadone programs for heroin addicts in New York City. Methadone, he said, merely replaces one dependency with another. In fact, he is both right and wrong to take this position. I say this because I work in a methadone clinic and know the drug's considerable benefits and shortcomings. First, the benefits. I have treated many addicts who function perfectly well as long as they take methadone daily. They are at our clinic at 6:30 A.M. so they can get to work by 8 A.M. This is not the way heroin addicts act; it's the way people who need a life-saving, if habit-forming, medicine behave. Now, the downside. Methadone may quell a person's craving for heroin, but it doesn't prevent the desire to get high when he or she is feeling bored, depressed or anxious. Of the patients on methadone, a third or more will also use cocaine or street sedatives, like Xanax. Indeed, sometimes the money they save by not buying heroin is used to buy cocaine. In this way, methadone can actually promote drug abuse. And many clinics are too tolerant of methadone patients who use other drugs. Not only does this make a mockery of the individual patient's treatment, it also hurts the credibility of the clinic in the eyes of other patients, who see that the staff cannot control the problem. So, here are some suggestions for the Mayor. First, don't alter the treatment of anyone on methadone who is doing well -- working, caring for children, obeying the law. I'd even make it available in pharmacies for specially approved patients. (This is already taking place in some cities.) Second, create more intensive residential treatment slots for hard-core addicts. If there were more residential programs, like Phoenix House, then maybe methadone treatment wouldn't be so crucial. The catch? Methadone programs cost $3,000 a year; residential programs cost upward of $20,000. Moreover, Medicaid doesn't pay for residential programs, but it does pay for methadone, even when patients don't give up their other drugs. Third, we clinicians need help. My methadone patients clean up their acts when they understand there are real consequences for using drugs. For instance, a mother who lost her welfare check when her youngest child turned 18 had to get a job -- and she stopped using cocaine. Another addict started testing negative for drugs when his employer started drug screening. Addicts who continue to use drugs need to know that their habit might take away their workfare check, for example, or kick them out of public housing. But neither workfare nor better residential treatment can rid us of the need for methadone treatment altogether. Those who find that using methadone is the only way they can lead a responsible and satisfying life should not be prevented from taking it. Sally L. Satel is a psychiatrist who works in a methadone clinic in Washington.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hemp May Be The Answer (The Editor Of 'The Lebanon Enterprise' In Lebanon, Kentucky, Says Industrial Hemp Could Solve Some Of Kentucky's Agriculture Woes In The Future) Date: Wed, 29 Jul 1998 07:27:53 +0000 From: pfx (jahemp@DAFFODIL.InfoChan.COM) Reply-To: pfx@DAFFODIL.InfoChan.COM Subject: CanPat - Fwd: Hemp May Be The Answer - KY Editorial Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 18:07:00 -0400 From: Joe Hickey (email@example.com) Subject: Hemp May Be The Answer - KY Editorial The Lebanon Enterprise Lebanon, Kentucky July 22, 1998 Page A4 Editorial HEMP MAY BE THE ANSWER Hemp could solve some of Kentucky's agriculture woes in the future. At least that's what a University of Kentucky report shows. The research by the schools College of Business and Economics tells that the crop could make a positive impact in Kentucky. Allowing farmers to grow hemp could bring money and jobs to the state. The final figures show that the crop could bring in as many as 771 jobs and $17.6 million in workers earnings. Those numbers don't include the money that farmers could make as profits from industrial hemp. With the recent government intervention into tobacco growing and sales Kentucky will almost assuredly be looking for an alternative crop at some point. Tobacco's future looks bleak and no crop can even come close to bringing the money to the farmer that it does. But hemp would bring more than any other crop that is currently raised in the state except tobacco, according to the report. There is a significant difference between the profit from tobacco and from hemp. But hemp would still be a better choice than anything else that we currently grow. The profits from hemp range from $220 per acre for the crop grown for grain only to $600 per acre for hemp grown for certified seeds. That compares to $1,500 for burley tobacco. Other crops returns don't fare as well. The closest to hemp would be round bale hay, wheat and no-till soybeans and barley and no-till soybeans as a double crop. Researchers used information on hemp that came from other countries where the crop can still be legally grown. It was once legally grown in Kentucky and was quite successful. During the 1800's Kentucky accounted for about half of the national industrial hemp production in the country. The crop continued to be a strong provider for the state until after World War II, according to the report. It was after the war that people became concerned about hemp because of a related crop - marijuana. The two crops are related, but hemp has extremely low levels of THC, the compound that makes people feel high. But because of the similarities of the crop the federal government banned growing both of them. Some involved in law enforcement believe allowing hemp to be grown could make it easier for pot to be grown along with it. That is a problem that would need some research before we turn to hemp. But other countries have allowed hemp to continue to be grown legally. The report doesn't mention what, if any, effect growing hemp has had on marijuana in those countries. Information from the report certainly should make us all take a second look at hemp as a new crop for the state. We're going to need something for farmers in the future. Hemp could be part of the answer. Teresa Rice Editor/General Manager (502) 692-6026
------------------------------------------------------------------- Appeal Of Search, Conviction Results In New Trial (The Fayetteville, North Carolina, 'Observer-Times' Says The State Court Of Appeals Ruled Tuesday A Woman Is Entitled To A New Trial Because Clinton Police Didn't Have A Warrant When They Looked For Cocaine In A Soda Can In Her Home) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:54:37 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NC: Appeal of Search, Conviction Results in New Trial Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: Fayetteville (N.C.) Observer-Times Contact: http://www.fayettevillenc.com/foto/news/opinion/ltrmsg.htm Website: http://www.fayettevillenc.com Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Mark Stinneford Raleigh bureau APPEAL OF SEARCH, CONVICTION RESULTS IN NEW DRUG TRIAL RALEIGH -- A woman is entitled to a new trial because Clinton police didn't have a warrant when they looked for drugs in a soda can in her home, the state Court of Appeals ruled Tuesday. Sheila Ann Joyner was sentenced to six to eight months in prison last year after being convicted of the possession charge and of running a drug house. Evidence included 3.4 grams of cocaine that an officer pulled from the can, court documents say. Superior Court Judge James D. Llewellyn denied a defense motion to suppress the evidence. Joyner's arrest came after police responded to a domestic violence call at her home in October 1996. She and her former boyfriend were arguing as police arrived. The boyfriend, identified only as 'Wilson,' told officers that Joyner had been selling drugs in front of her children. The man pointed out the soda can and said drugs were inside. Drug evidence A bag of a green leafy substance was on top of the can, court documents say. Sgt. Timothy King identified the substance as marijuana. He subsequently reached into the can, removed a peppery substance and then a rock-like substance that turned out to be cocaine, according to documents. The court ruled that the action did not fall under conditions for allowing a warrantless search because the cocaine was not in sight of officers nor was the search necessary to protect evidence from being destroyed. The state argued that the search was valid because the marijuana and a pile of cash were in plain view of the officers. The state said officers already had enough evidence to arrest her for possession based on the marijuana and the search was incidental to the arrest.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bill Aims To Reduce Drug Flow To USA (An 'Associated Press' Article In 'USA Today' Says Senator Mike DeWine Of Ohio And Representative Bill McCollum Of Florida, Both Republicans, Have Introduced Legislation To Spend $2.6 Billion Over The Next Three Years To Reduce The Amount Of Illegal Drugs Coming Into The Country By 80 Percent With 10 Radar Aircraft To Monitor Airspace Over Peru, Bolivia And Colombia, Plus An Airbase At An Undisclosed Location) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:47:16 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Bill Aims To Reduce Drug Flow To USA Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul Lewin Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Source: USA Today (US) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nfront.htm Author: Associated Press BILL AIMS TO REDUCE DRUG FLOW TO USA WASHINGTON - Two Republican members of Congress plan to introduce a bill Wednesday to spend $2.6 billion over the next three years to reduce the amount of illegal drugs coming into the country by 80%. The bill, by Sen. Mike DeWine, R-Ohio, and Rep. Bill McCollum, R-Fla., includes $430 million for 10 radar aircraft to monitor airspace over the three major cocaine-producing countries - Peru, Bolivia and Colombia. The Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act also would set aside $300 million for a new U.S. airbase to support counternarcotics efforts in the Caribbean, northern South America and the Pacific coast of Central and South America. No site has been chosen for the proposed facility. The money, if approved by Congress, would be added to $51 billion to be spent on the drug war over the next three years. "Our objective is not to take away from other areas," DeWine said. "We're not here saying we should do less in treatment and education." The USA will also buy equipment and aircraft for other countries. For example: $72 million for six helicopters for the Colombian National Police, and $7 million for X-ray machines to scan for vehicles carrying drugs on the main highway out of Bolivia's cocaine-producing region. McCollum and DeWine say financing is needed because lower priority has been given to stopping drugs from leaving producing countries and the destruction of crops. While the amount of money spent for eradication and interdiction has remained steady, it has fallen as a percentage of total anti-drug spending. DeWine said interdiction efforts throughout the years "have been off and on." As part of the drug war, the U.S. Defense Department earmarked $504.5 million for interdiction in 1992, but that fell to $214.7 million in 1995. That cut led to a reduction in flying hours by AWACS aircraft from 38,100 hours in 1992, to 17,713 in 1996, DeWine said. At the same time, "there's not a ship, there's not a plane" patrolling the Pacific coast of Central and South America, McCollum said. The Drug Enforcement Administration says that 57% of the estimated 291 metric tons of cocaine smuggled into the USA each year comes from that area. Bob Weiner, spokesman for the Office of Drug Control Policy, said, "The administration strongly supports interdiction and that's why there's a 9% increase in the budget for interdiction this year." President Clinton has asked for a 12% increase in interdiction funding next year. Weiner said a second issue is "where is the money coming from for this proposal. We haven't seen a specific answer on that and we need to find out. . . . In addition, we have to be sure we're getting the biggest bang for the buck." By The Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hill Group Offers Plan To Stanch Drug Flow ('The Washington Post' Version) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:40:59 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Hill Group Offers Plan to Stanch Drug Flow Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Patrick Henry (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Washington Post Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Douglas Farah HILL GROUP OFFERS PLAN TO STANCH DRUG FLOW $2.6 Billion Sought For Aircraft, Vessels Accusing the Clinton administration of doing too little to stem the flow of cocaine and heroin to the United States from Latin America, congressional Republicans yesterday proposed a $2.6 billion effort that they claim would reduce the traffic by 80 percent in three years. The plan, unveiled by Sen. Mike DeWine (R-Ohio) and Rep. Bill McCollum (R-Fla.), calls for the money to be spent on strengthening interdiction efforts in the Caribbean region as well as along the Pacific coast of Central America and Mexico. Bills that would implement the proposal will be submitted in both the House and Senate today. "The great untold story in recent years is the decline in interdiction efforts," DeWine said, noting that spending on drug-use prevention programs and anti-trafficking efforts in the United States has tripled since 1987, while funding for interdiction has risen less than 20 percent. Part of the reason for that, law enforcement officials say, is that the Clinton administration chose to focus on blocking the transshipment of drugs across the Mexican border and on expanding efforts to reduce the demand for drugs at home rather than concentrating on reducing the supply from drug-producing regions. The Republican lawmakers, who have been joined in the Senate by Democrat Bob Graham of Florida, say that funding for the effort would not come at the expense of domestic prevention programs or law enforcement. Beyond saying that House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) had promised to include funding for the plan in a supplemental appropriations bill later this year, however, they did not specify where the money would come from. McCollum said the expenditure is necessary to intercept drugs before they reach the United States and that the plan would greatly enhance the capabilities of the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Coast Guard and the Customs Service to track and interdict illegal drug shipments. While most of the money would be spent on equipment, some would be targeted at improving intelligence-gathering functions, he said. McCollum said law enforcement officials in the United States and across Latin America had told him they could reduce the flow of drugs to the United States by more than 50 percent within two years if they are given the necessary resources. "The Clinton administration calls for a 50 percent reduction in 10 years," McCollum said. "That is unacceptable; we are calling for an 80 percent reduction in three years and think that is very feasible." Robert Weiner, spokesman for the Office of National Drug Control Policy, said the administration "supports interdiction as part of a comprehensive strategy to fight drug trafficking, but let's see where the money comes from." Weiner said the plan's sponsors had yet to say how they would fund the program and that the proposed allocation did not take into account that the administration had increased funding for interdiction by 9 percent in the past year. DeWine said a large, quick infusion of money is necessary because Pentagon funding for interdiction operations dropped by 57 percent from 1992 to 1995 -- $505 million to $215 million. During the same time, he said, the Coast Guard's interdiction budget shrank from $444 million to $301 million. As a result, DeWine and McCollum said, there are no radar systems to monitor planes carrying cargoes of illegal drugs and no interdiction capabilities along the Pacific coast from Peru to California. "There is not a ship, not a plane out there," McCollum said. Of the proposed expenditures, $580 million would be used to buy 20 P-3B early-warning aircraft, and $300 million would be allocated to build a U.S. military base at a site in Latin America that has not yet been selected. The new outpost would replace U.S. bases that are being closed in Panama as a result of the Panama Canal Treaty, which calls for all U.S. property there to be turned over to Panama by the end of next year. An additional $289 million would pay for six new Coast Guard patrol vessels.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Teen Anticrime Programs With Religious Base To Get Aid ('The Philadelphia Inquirer' Says President Clinton, Inspired By A Boston Program Credited With Reducing Youth Killings, Plans To Announce Today That He Is Awarding $2.2 Million To Groups In 16 Cities, Including Philadelphia, That Have Been Working To Stem Crime Among Juveniles - No Congressional Approval Is Required, And Constitutional Qualms Will Be Avoided By Giving The Money Not Directly To Religious Organizations But Rather To Groups That Are Affiliated With Them) Date: Fri, 24 Jul 1998 10:32:42 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Teen Anticrime Programs With Religious Base to Get Aid Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Jim Galasyn) Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA) Contact: Inquirer.Opinion@phillynews.com Website: http://www.phillynews.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: By Jodi Enda TEEN ANTICRIME PROGRAMS WITH RELIGIOUS BASE TO GET AID WASHINGTON -- President Clinton is reaching out to religious-based organizations to help battle youth violence, gangs and truancy by promoting positive values, White House officials said yesterday. Inspired by a Boston program credited with reducing youth killings, Clinton plans to announce today that he is awarding $2.2 million to groups in 16 cities, including Philadelphia, that have been working to stem crime among juveniles. While the dollars are relatively few for a government program, officials said it was an attempt by the White House to try a new, creative way to tackle a growing problem. "It isn't much money; it's the innovation," said Rahm Emanuel, a top adviser to the President. The new crime-fighting program is minuscule compared with the $250 million Clinton requested from Congress under a more comprehensive juvenile-crime bill that remains bottled up in the Senate. Emanuel said Clinton's latest proposal was part of a "patchwork" of things the President was trying to do to circumvent a Congress that, he contended, is unwilling to take on the National Rifle Association. Under the new Values-Based Violence Prevention Initiative, which does not require congressional approval, organizations in each of the 16 cities will receive $135,000 for antiviolence programs. The groups are to use the money to offer youths alternatives to guns and crime. The Philadelphia recipient of the Justice Department money is United Neighbors Against Drugs, led by Sister Carol Keck, director of the Norris Square Neighborhood Project. Money will also go to organizations in Miami; Detroit; Kansas City, Mo.; Los Angeles; Chicago; Washington; Baltimore; Indianapolis; Seattle; Portland, Ore.; San Antonio, Texas; Richmond, Va.; Charleston, S.C.; Salinas, Calif.; and Hempstead, N.Y. Each of these cities already participates in other anticrime programs to track illegal gun traffickers, combat juvenile gun use, and crack down on gangs. Clinton asked Emanuel and Attorney General Janet Reno to devise a plan for the new program last month after reading about the successful partnership between clergy members and community and law-enforcement officials in Boston. Because of constitutional requirements separating church and state, Emanuel said, the money will go not directly to religious organizations but rather to groups that are affiliated with them.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Death Toll Mounts While Government Searches For Votes ('The Vancouver Province' Discusses The Political Situation In British Columbia And Its Relation To The 201 People In The Province Who Have Died In Heroin-Related Incidents In The First Six Months Of This Year, A 37-Per-Cent Increase Over The Same Period Last Year) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: Editorial: Death toll mounts while gov't searches for votes Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 15:16:33 -0700 Lines: 82 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Vancouver Province Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: July 22, 1998 Author: Jim McNulty Death toll mounts while gov't searches for votes The latest figures on drug-overdose deaths in B.C. are out, and it comes as no surprise to learn that this enormous problem is steadily getting worse. In the first six months of this year, 201 people across the province died from drug overdoses, a 37-per-cent increase over the same period last year. In Vancouver, 116 people died from overdoses between January and June, 38 more than died in the first half of last year. "If things keep up at this rate, there may well be over 400 deaths this year," warns Larry Campbell, B.C.'s chief coroner. Meanwhile, the rate of HIV infection among injection-drug users in Vancouver's downtown east side continues to be among the world's worst. The toll of this carnage, both in human and financial terms, is staggering. And yet the federal government and its provincial and municipal cousins continue to ignore repeated calls for bold action to reverse the trend and start saving lives. Ottawa's own Canada Drug Strategy identifies substance abuse as "primarily a health issue," but the Chretien regime refuses to deal in any substantive way with pleas from experts to allow the legal prescribing of heroin to addicts. Perversely, it pushes on with a criminal-based "war on drugs" while at the same time acknowledging that it hasn't worked. Heroin is prescribed to addicts in parts of Switzerland and England, where the approach is successful in reducing drug-related crime, boosting employment among addicts, and getting users off the street and into a medical setting to deal with the addiction. Dr. Campbell wants it in B.C., as does his predecessor Dr. Vince Cain. Others calling for it include provincial health officer Dr. John Millar, the Health Officers Council of B.C., and former Vancouver deputy police chief Ken Higgins. The federal Liberals and provincial NDP, fearful of the politics involved, have responded by wringing their hands and tossing the drug "file" back and forth like a ping-pong ball. "The community that is dying traditionally does not cast a lot of votes," says Vancouver police Const. Gil Puder. "That's the fundamental problem. The policy-makers do not really care a whole lot about these people." Nor does a society that sits by while the death toll mounts, content to write off addicts as losers and misfits. Until society at large starts showing concern and pressures politicians to do the right thing, nothing will happen. This is a curious world we live in. Alcohol is legal in Canada, even though the cost of alcohol abuse is far greater than that of illegal drugs. According to the Canada Drug Strategy, alcohol abuse racked up $7.52 billion worth of health, social and economic costs in 1992, while illicit drugs were far behind at $1.37 billion. "The worst drug we encounter in our job as police officers is not cocaine or heroin, as many people think, but alcohol," Vancouver beat cops Toby Hinton and Walter McKay wrote in a recent article. North America once tried to stop alcohol consumption, but prohibition was a miserable failure. Now, drinking is considered to be normal behavior. North America is still trying to stop drug consumption, but it is also a miserable failure. We won't be able to eliminate drugs any more than we could alcohol. Drug abuse certainly can't be considered normal behavior -- but a change in approach will at least allow health workers to treat addicts as sick people, and start reversing the body count. If we gave a damn, that is. By everyone's account, resources to deal with addiction are woefully inadequate, and yet Ottawa and Victoria managed to find $75 million each for leaky-condo owners. When new stucco becomes a higher priority than saving human lives, we're in big trouble.
------------------------------------------------------------------- An Officer And A Social Worker ('The Economist' In Britain Portrays The US Drug Tsar, General Barry McCaffrey, And Comments On The Government's New Billion-Dollar Drug War Advertising Blitz) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 16:54:33 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com From: "D. Paul Stanford" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: UK: The Economist: Barry McCaffrey Subj: The Economist: Barry McCaffrey From: CRRH (email@example.com) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Newshawk: D. Paul Stanford (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: The Economist Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.economist.com Pubdate: Tue 21 Jul 1998 Author: Economist writers are anonymous Lexington: An officer and a social worker AMERICA'S drug tsar, Barry McCaffrey, has a one-theme CV. He is a general. He is the son of a general. His own son is a major; his daughter holds the rank of captain in the National Guard. He has three Purple Hearts, awarded for wounds received in battle; he has commanded the biggest mechanised advance in history, leading a pincer of 26,000 soldiers behind Iraqi lines during the Gulf war, then slaughtering the retreating Republican Guard. In 1996, when Mr McCaffrey got the job of drugs tsar, he brought his background with him: several army buddies came along to help run his new command. So it is not surprising when the general is described, as he was this week in the leading Dutch newspaper, as "the old war-horse of the repressive American drug policy". For who better than a career officer to pursue, with military bone-headedness, America's self-defeating war on drugs? Or so you might think, until you meet him; for this general turns out to demonstrate that CV is not destiny. He has a predictable military demeanour; he is a tough boss, a tough talker, a tough man to interrupt. But, for the most part, the drug tsar's message is decidedly unmilitary. Rather than mouthing the slogans of the "drugs war", Mr McCaffrey prefers a medical metaphor: he describes drug abuse by one in 17 Americans as a "cancer". Rather than pouring ever more money into military counter-smuggling efforts, Mr McCaffrey prefers to emphasise unmilitary campaigns to rehabilitate drug addicts. "We were promised a general and got a social worker," a Republican has complained. On July 9th Mr McCaffrey confirmed the unmilitary nature of his methods by launching a new ad campaign, the biggest ever plotted by the federal government. Over the next five years, American taxpayers will contribute $1 billion towards an anti-drug publicity blitz on television and radio, in newspapers and on the Internet; private donors will match that. Mr McCaffrey claims that the target audience-young Americans and their parents-will see an anti-drug message four times a week on average. If corporate America uses ads to sell sneakers and sodas, Mr McCaffrey reasons, then America's government should use ads to drive down drug abuse. And not just ads. Mr McCaffrey hopes that the publicity campaign will energise thousands of community organisations-from schools to churches to boy-scout groups-that might spread the anti-drug gospel. At the moment, the drug tsar's office works with 4,000 local groups that help to put the word out; it aims to expand its network to 14,000 soon. There are plans to recruit 22m small businesses to a drug-abstention effort. The army has already proved that a determined employer can make a difference-over 50% of soldiers abused drugs in the 1970s, compared with around 3% in 1995-and Mr McCaffrey aims to repeat that success among civilian firms. None of this will silence the drug tsar's many critics. Republicans love to paint the Clinton administration as soft on drugs, so they will no doubt deride advertising as a wimpish alternative to tough law enforcement - even though the law-enforcement budget has not in fact been cut. Legalisers, for their part, predict that the ads will prove as ineffective as other strategies against drugs. It is possible that the legalisers will be proved right. Ethan Nadelmann, an articulate legaliser at George Soros's Open Society Foundation, recalls an old anti-drug ad that showed an egg in a frying pan, while the voice-over intoned: "This is your brain on drugs." After a while, the ad appears to have backfired: teenagers wore T-shirts with fried eggs on them, mocking the ad's cautionary advice. The same thing could happen to Mr McCaffrey's commercials. One shows a drug-crazed but attractive woman smashing up a kitchen. It is intended to make the effects of drugs look frightening. To some teenagers, it may make the effects look cool instead. And yet, even if Mr McCaffrey's ads prove wanting, it is hard to quarrel with the idea that some kind of advertising makes sense. The case for legalisation, which The Economist has long supported, is precisely that drug abuse can be kept down by regulation and education; and that a ban on drugs (which fuels the profits of crime syndicates) is therefore unnecessary. A legal-drugs policy would certainly include publicity campaigns about the ravages of addiction. Indeed the Dutch, whose liberal regime Mr McCaffrey criticised recently, have waged such campaigns for years. And so, by launching his own ad offensive, Mr McCaffrey has taken an important step. Without legalising drugs, he is accepting some of the legalisers' arguments: that it is impossible to burn all the coca crops in Latin America or track down every secret airstrip in the Caribbean, and therefore that the best way to discourage drug abuse is to tackle demand rather than supply. Demand, moreover, is best reduced by persuasion, not coercion. So long as people want drugs, coercion will swell the prison population faster than it reduces drug abuse. This is why the general refuses to speak of a "drugs war", a metaphor that encourages the delusion that abuse can be eliminated by force, and talks instead of gradually reducing the abuse rate from 6% to 3%. This is why he favours drugs courts, which offer drug-abusing criminals the option of going into treatment instead of jail. And yet, despite these concessions, the war of words continues between Mr McCaffrey and his legalising foes. The reason is not hard to fathom. The drug tsar mixes moderation with flashes of obstinacy, which makes people think he is just a bone-headed general after all. He rails against the medical use of marijuana; he refuses to support needle exchanges, which reduce the spread of AIDS among addicts. If only this war hero could repeat the boldness of his days in uniform, and press his advance into the legalisers' territory a bit more. Copyright-The Economist Newspaper Limited-All rights reserved *** We are working to regulate and tax adult marijuana sales, allow doctors to prescribe cannabis and allow the unregulated production of industrial hemp! Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp CRRH ; P.O. Box 86741 ; Portland, OR 97286 Phone:(503) 235-4606 Fax:(503) 235-0120 Web: http://www.crrh.org/
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Plea On Youth And Drugs (According To 'The Sydney Morning Herald,' The President Of The Law Society Of New South Wales Said Yesterday That Juveniles Charged With Illegal Drug Offences Should Be Cautioned Rather Than Sent To Prison, To Prevent Them From Being Drawn Into The Criminal Justice System, Where They Were Likely To Become Hardened Criminals) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:49:41 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Australia: New Plea On Youth And Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Ken Russell Pubdate: Wed 22 July, 1998 Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Author: Nick Papadopoulos NEW PLEA ON YOUTH AND DRUGS Juveniles charged with drug offences including possession of heroin should be cautioned rather than being sent to prison, the president of the Law Society of NSW, Mr Ron Heinrich, said yesterday. Mr Heinrich said that reform was needed to prevent juveniles from being drawn into the criminal justice system where they were likely to become hardened criminals. The State Government's "lock 'em up" approach was not working. The call follows Victoria's decision to caution first-time offenders caught with small quantities of cannabis, rather than automatically charging them, following a successful six-month pilot program in the Broadmeadows district. Mr Heinrich urged the Premier, Mr Carr, to introduce a similar program in NSW and to monitor closely a pilot program being launched in Victoria which would see first-time heroin users cautioned as well. These "innovative" Victorian programs reflected a positive step towards minimising the harm associated with drug use, he said. The Law Society has already written to Mr Carr and to the Police Commissioner, Mr Ryan, urging the extension of the cautioning and conferencing scheme in the Young Offenders Act to include minor drug offences. The offences would include the supply and possession of a prescribed small quantity of prohibited drugs ranging from cannabis to heroin and cocaine.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana 'A Social Issue' (According To 'The Australian,' Dr Hugh Seward, President Of The Australian Football League Medical Officers' Association, Said Marijuana Is Not A Performance Enhancing Drug, And Defended The League's Decision Not To Sanction Five Players Who Have Tested Positive So Far This Year) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:07:44 -0500 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: AUSTRALIA: Marijuana 'A Social Issue' Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Patrick Henry (email@example.com) Source: The Australian Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/ Authors: Andrew Ramsey and Brian Burke MARIJUANA 'A SOCIAL ISSUE' MARIJUANA should not be included on the Australian Football League list of banned substances even though five players have tested positive to the drug this year, according to the league's leading medical officer. Dr Hugh Seward, president of the AFL Medical Officers' Association, said that marijuana use was a social issue. "It's not a performance-enhancing substance," Dr Seward said. "If anything it would detract from athletic performance so it's not a concern from a cheating point of view." Professor Tim Stockwell, director of the National Centre for the Research of Drug Abuse in Perth, supported the AFL stand, claiming it was a moral issue. "It's a controversial issue, but cannabis is not performance enhancing," Professor Stockwell said. "If the AFL was to punish players who tested positive to marijuana would they consider banning players convicted of drunk driving, which is arguably more dangerous to the community." But the National Drugs and Research Centre said that the league decision not to take action against the players involved was wrong given that marijuana remained an illegal drug. "The AFL is sending out a very damaging message to young people that it's okay for some people to use marijuana but not okay for others, and it's a message that's happening more and more," NDRC spokesman Paul Dillon said. Marijuana is listed as a class three prohibited substance by the International Olympic Committee, which leaves individual sports federations to decide whether they want to test for it. An IOC task force was formed to consider whether marijuana should be banned in the wake of the positive test by Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati at the Winter Olympics in Japan. The AFL confirmed yesterday that five players, whose names and clubs were not released, had tested positive to cannabinoids in the latest round of screening conducted by the Australian Sports Drug Agency. A spokeswoman for the AFL said that compared with two positive tests in 1996 and one last year. The spokeswoman said that the AFL had no plans to include marijuana on its list of banned substances despite the latest results. "With the number of positive tests that have come, and looking at that in relation to its use in the general community, we don't see it as widespread use among AFL footballers," the spokeswoman said. Collingwood coach Tony Shaw said yesterday that he was opposed to players using marijuana, and described smoking the drug for recreational purposes as "totally unprofessional". The AFL Players Association included the question of whether the drug should be banned on a questionnaire circulated to members earlier this year. Results of the survey are expected to be known in September.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Scottish Prisons Worst In UK For Drug Use ('The Scotsman' Says The Soon-To-Be-Released Scottish Prison Service's Annual Report Includes The First Results Of Random Mandatory Drug Testing In Scottish Prisons, Instituted In March 1997, Which Show Up To 46 Per Cent Of Prisoners Are Testing Positive For 'Drugs' In Their Bloodstream, Compared To An Average Of Roughly 20 Per Cent Of English And Welsh Prisoners) Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:02:41 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UK Scotland: Scottish Prisons Worst In UK For Drug Use Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Author: Jenny Booth Home Affairs Correspondent SCOTTISH PRISONS WORST IN UK FOR DRUG USE Scottish prisons have a drugs problem that is far worse than those in England, according to random tests earned out on inmates. An average of roughly 20 per cent of English and Welsh prisoners are testing positive for drugs in their bloodstream, but in one of Scotland's jails the proportion is as high as 46 per cent. It is also believed that heroin is a much bigger problem in Scottish jails than in English and Welsh prisons, where only 4 per cent tested positive for opiates last year. In Scottish institutions, heroin use is believed to be three times as high. The figures emerged on the eve of the publication of the Scottish Prison Service's annual report which includes for the first time the overall results of random mandatory drug testing. or MDT which has been in place in all Scottish prisons since March 1997. According to information obtained by 'The Scotsman', the most drug-ridden prison in Scotland is the 50-cell National Induction Centre, which lies within the perimeter walls of Shotts Prison. In mandatory testing, 46 per cent of the NIC's inmates - all of them serving sentences of eight years and over for murder, rape. drug dealing and other serious crimes - tested positively for controlled substances. The NIC's governor. John Gerrie, has already acknowledged the high results but pointed out that it had to be seen against a background of the hardened nature of most of the prisoners and the fact they were coping with the prospect of a very long time behind bars. Just behind the NIC, on 45 per cent, came Dungavel prison, a semi-open establishment which houses only offenders in low security categories who are already part way through their sentence. The jail, based in a Gothic shooting lodge which formerly belonged to the dukes of Hamilton, was until recently an open prison where restrictions on inmates were minimal. Next comes Dumfries young offenders' institution, which takes criminals under 21 who have committed more serious crimes, where 40 per cent are testing positive for drugs - suggesting a very strong link between drugs and serious offending among young people. Dumfries's results are nearly double those for Polmont YOI, which takes young people serving shorter sentences. Of the long-term male prisons it has been Glenochil which has in the past acquired a reputation for high drug use, but in fact only 31 per cent of its inmates are testing positive, compared to 37 per cent in Shotts, and 35 per cent in Perth.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 56 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists) Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 12:50:07 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly July 22, 1998 No. 56 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly July 22, 1998, No. 056 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article Drug wars: Menace to America by Tod Mikuriya, M.D. (PART 2) * Weekly News In Review The Ad Campaign- NYT OPED - Just Say $1 Billion Editorial - Brains on Drugs McCzar Abroad- Dutch Rebuke U.S. Drugs Adviser Dutch Officials Say U.S. Drug Tsar Visit Useful Winning the War on Heroin- Heroin's Grasp on Portland Epidemic of Heroin Sweeps Britain Australia - Heroin - Our $1.6Bn Habit Australia - Armed Hold-Ups Explode as Heroin Takes its Toll Sweden - Record Seizures of Heroin From the East Canada - Act on Drug Report, Urges PDA's Wilson Law Enforcement- Scotland - Strathclyde Drug Squad 'Disbanded' After Inquiry Midsummer Night's March for Civil and Property Rights Arundel Revises Seizure Policy DEA Audit Reveals Poor Accounting Practices Agent's Wife Attacks His Alleged Mistress UK - Squaddies Ran UKP2.5m Drugs Ring 3 Dutch Marines Arrested as Drug Smugglers Hemisphere- Canada - Drug Turf up for Bids Switzerland - Drug Probe Implicates Salinas Colombia - Shaken by Rebel Gains, Colombia Turns More to The U.S. * Hot Off The 'Net New published letter archive PDXNORML is back online * DrugSense Tip Of The Week The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT) * Quote of the Week Victor Hugo * Fact of the Week Incarceration Rates *** FEATURE ARTICLE Drug wars: Menace to America by Tod Mikuriya, M.D. (PART 2) Editors Note: Part one of this article can be read in last weeks issue at: http://www.drugsense.org/news.htm Foreign policy The economically irrational prohibitionist policy suborns the Monroe Doctrine with the inadvertent empowerment of authoritarian regimes that are hostile to the United States. Their hostility is beyond economic control of the OAS or the World Bank since they are now funded by the illicit drugs. Good-bye United Fruit. Hello unnamed successors to Medellin and Cali cartels. The Sendero Luminosa despite the capture of their leader and the corrupt military in Peru has set back the emergence of democracy. The Drug Enforcement Administration and their "advisors" continue to aggravate the situation throughout Latin America. Colombia continues to suffer terrorism and destruction of their judiciary, the economy hammered by undercutting the coffee market. Panama escalates the money laundering and transshipment. Business as usual even though President George Bush captured General Manuel Noriega, former friend, CIA and Drug Enforcement Administration employee. Operation "Just Cause" perpetrated urban undevelopment and "installation" (like a new motor in an old car) of a "new" government. The Iran-Contra guns for drugs scandal continues to attenuate the legitimacy and efficacy in both foreign and domestic policy. Besides the embargo and mining of the tiny poor country of Nicaragua with illegal support of the guerrilla army, Lt. Colonel Oliver North lied to Congress to support former president Ronald Reagan and his vice president George Bush, commander designate of the War Against Drugs. Mexico continues to suffer U.S. raids and interference with their government by the DEA. Border traffic continues to suffer disruption and human rights abuses from the drug law enforcement. American drug prohibition dims the future of democracy in the hemisphere. America exports criminal mercantile opportunity. Prohibitionism, the American Disease: Authoritarian Danger to Society American recurrent Prohibitionism is a peculiar majoritarian auto immune social disease regarded with perplexity by the rest of the world. With all the exemplary features of America, this anachronistic problem sadly detracts from world leadership. American drug prohibition darkens the prospects for the country's future. Demagogues facilitated by profit-driven special interest groups create policy and laws that erodes evermore rights of their citizens. Gradually, and by small increments what protections were once taken for granted have disappeared. Lulled into a narcotism induced by television and materialism, the Trojan horse of authoritarianism bedecked with "patriotic" and "conservative" heraldry has breached the gates of the city. Moralistic armed clergy busily snuff out pockets of critical thinking- ever striving to make the world safe for their profitable hypocrisy. The alienating cynicism discourages any citizen participation in governance to stop its decline. Alexis de Toqueville's warning in Democracy in America of an all pervasive tutelary power ruling through the manipulation of a distracted materialistic populace looms as the reality of the next millennium. We witness the worst of Brave New World and 1984 coming together in a most painful confluence of localized and systemic infection of the body politic- and society. The epidemic evil stupidity feeds on itself. Right drugs Alcohol, nicotine, aspirin products, antihistamines, antidepressants and aphrodisiacs are required staples while wrong drugs cannabis, psychedelics, opiates, and amphetamines demand obligatory condemnation. Unfortunately, truly wrong and garbled messages are sent that inadvertently promotes wrong drugs to adolescents and perpetuates the illicit use. *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW COMMENT: The summer of '98, only 1/2 over, has already seen more bad publicity for the drug war than most entire years. The arrests and repression continue; medical marijuana is a cruel joke, even in California, but an increasingly harassed drug war high command continues to shoot itself in the foot, and the drug war continues its unbroken record of failure. *** The Ad Campaign- *** COMMENT: Big news the previous week, the Ad Campaign had generated the CNN debate which snookered McC into making intemperate remarks about Dutch policy (see below). In the meantime, press judgment of the ads continued lukewarm, at best. Frank Rich's was ice cold. *** BRAINS ON DRUGS THE advertising industry's newest clients are American taxpayers, who may be forced to pay $1 billion over the next five years for a federal anti-drug ad campaign with dubious effectiveness. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 13 Jul 1998 Source: Seattle-Times (WA) Section: Editorials & Opinion Contact: email@example.com Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: Seattle-Times URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n560.a03.html *** JUST SAY $1 BILLION If all the merchandising might of Hollywood couldn't make America's teenagers buy "Godzilla," why does anyone think that a five-year, $1 billion government ad campaign is going to make kids swear off drugs? Especially ads like these. [snip] Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Frank Rich URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n574.a07.html *** McCzar Abroad- *** COMMENT: Before even leaving home for an 8 day European working visit, the czar insulted prospective hosts in the Netherlands and Switzerland. He added fuel to the fire with erroneous charges in a Swedish interview. Although he softened his rhetoric by week's end, he never apologized and shifted the blame to Interpol for any factual mistakes. Those of us used to drug warrior rhetoric were not surprised. One wonders what the Dutch thought; McC, speaking for the home folks, clearly doesn't care. *** DUTCH REBUKE U.S. DRUGS ADVISER AMSTERDAM, July 14 (Reuters) - The Netherlands rebuked a top U.S. drugs policy adviser on Tuesday for getting his facts wrong about Dutch drug-related crime but said General Barry McCaffrey was welcome to learn from the Dutch experience. [snip] ``The murder rate in Holland is double that in the United States, McCaffrey told Swedish reporters. The overall crime rate in Holland is probably 40 percent higher than the United States. That's drugs.'' [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998 Source: Reuters Author: Christine Lucassen URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n561.a11.html *** DUTCH OFFICIALS SAY U.S. DRUG TSAR VISIT USEFUL AMSTERDAM, July 17 (Reuters)- The exchange of ideas on policy with the United States' top drugs adviser was useful, despite a diplomatic row in the runup to General Barry McCaffrey's visit, Dutch officials said on Friday. But they said Dutch and U.S. views on drugs remained far apart. [snip] McCaffrey clashed with Dutch authorities earlier this week, calling Dutch drugs policy a ``disaster'' and saying the murder rate in the Netherlands outstripped that in the United States. Although, according to the Dutch, his figures were based on incorrect data, McCaffrey has not apologized for the error, arguing the figures came from Interpol. [snip] Source: Reuters Pubdate: 17 Jul 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n581.a02.html *** Winning the War on Heroin- *** COMMENT: Many people were surprised to hear both the prez and the czar kick off The anti-drug ad campaign with a claim that "drug use" had been "cut in half," thus implying we just might be winning the drug war. That delusion finds little support in last week's heroin news- either at home or around the world. *** HEROIN'S GRASP ON PORTLAND * The Double Suicide Of A Couple Who Hanged Themselves From The Steel Bridge Is A Glimpse Of A Dire Problem Hanging themselves from Portland's Steel Bridge during rush-hour traffic was not the way Michael Douglas and Mora McGowan first thought they would end their heroin addictions. [snip] In the 1980s, after Mexican black-tar heroin was introduced to the Portland area, the drug claimed fewer than one victim a week. But in recent years, the toll has increased steadily; heroin deaths last year reached about three a week. So far this year, the phenomenon has leveled off with 59 deaths involving heroin. But authorities are quick to say that use of the drug, especially in Portland, isn't waning at all. Source: Oregonian, The Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 12 Jul 1998 Author: Michelle Roberts of The Oregonian staff URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n565.a11.html *** EPIDEMIC OF HEROIN SWEEPS BRITAIN A NEW heroin epidemic is sweeping into many of Britain's towns and cities as dealers target increasingly young teenagers for their trade, a major Home Office study has discovered. Record numbers of dealers are selling heroin in low cost 10BPD packages in regions that had previously escaped the worst ravages of the drug. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 13 Jul 1998 Source: Independent, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Author: Jason Bennetto, Crime Correspondent URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n571.a01.html *** HEROIN: OUR $1.6BN HABIT Australia's heroin epidemic appears to have peaked but the effects will be felt for years, with thefts to buy the drug estimated at up to $1.6 billion a year. [snip] The main author of the study, Dr Lisa Maher, said she believed that the epidemic, at least in Sydney, appeared to have peaked in 1995 and 1996 and that the take-up rate looked to be slowing. "Like most epidemics it moves in cycles and this one appears to be past its peak," she said. While less that 2 per cent of Australians had tried heroin, Dr Maher said, a 1996 survey of schools in south-western Sydney showed that in one school 11 per cent of 13-year-old boys had tried heroin in the previous year. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998 Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Author: Greg Bearup URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n584.a05.html *** ARMED HOLD-UPS EXPLODE AS HEROIN TAKES ITS TOLL An increase in heroin use among the poor and the young is driving a huge 44 per cent increase in armed hold-ups, which saw more than 9,000 people bailed up by gun, knife or syringe across the country last year. The increase was even more stark in NSW, where hold-ups jumped by 67 per cent, or nearly 2,000. The head of the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics, Dr Don Weatherburn, said the nation-wide increase was the biggest "this decade, if not ever". [snip] Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Pubdate: Thursday, 16, July 1998 Author: Greg Bearup URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a07.html *** RECORD SEIZURES OF HEROIN FROM THE EAST Heroin is one of the most feared drugs: the mortality among heroin users is many times higher than among other drug users. This year police and customs officials have uncovered record-breaking quantities of heroin in Sweden; among other reasons thanks to stepped up cooperation with the police in the former states of East Europe. About 65 kilograms of heroin have been seized in Sweden this year. That can be compared with 14 kilograms for all of 1997. [snip] Source: Svenska Dagbladet (Sweden) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.svd.se/svd/ettan/dagens/index.html Pubdate: Mon, 22 Jun 1998 Author: Elisabet Andresson Comment: Translated from Swedish URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n579.a04.html *** ACT ON DRUG REPORT, URGES PDA'S WILSON The number of deaths from drug overdoses is heading to an all-time high in B.C., says the leader of the Progressive Democratic Alliance. Gordon Wilson told the legislature yesterday drug overdoses have taken the lives of 201 people this year - more than one a day. He urged the government to do something about the report of former chief coroner Vince Cain, who called for a program that would decriminalize heroin for known addicts. [snip] Pubdate: Wednesday, July 15,1998 Source: The Province (Vancouver, B.C.) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.vancouverprovince.com/newsite/news-c.html Author: Barbara McLintock URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n569.a03.html *** Law Enforcement- *** COMMENT: Those who believe that the drug war is corrupting law enforcement found much support for that point of view in last week's news. Those advising increased militarization as the answer were disappointed. *** STRATHCLYDE DRUG SQUAD 'DISBANDED' AFTER INQUIRY Officer Suspended Amid Allegations Of Drug Possession And Gross Misconduct A DRUGS squad detective has been suspended and the rest of the team is reported to have been disbanded after an internal investigation was triggered by an officer who tried to save himself the price of a first class stamp. Strathclyde police refused yesterday to confirm or deny reports that other officers in the squad have been returned to uniform duties after allegations of drug possession and gross misconduct by officers. [snip] Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Author: JOHN McCANN URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n559.a08.html *** MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S MARCH FOR CIVIL AND PROPERTY RIGHTS TONIGHT, they march. Black. White. Young. Old. From East Madison to Pine. Down Pine to Broadway. Past Oscar's, the family-owned tavern on bankruptcy's brink. Past Deano's, where cops hand out cocaine to drug-addicted informants instead of getting them off the street. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998 Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Author: Michelle Malkin / Times staff columnist URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n568.a02.html *** ARUNDEL REVISES SEIZURE POLICY Cars won't be confiscated in simple drug cases; `Zero tolerance' defended Chief Larry W. Tolliver ordered Anne Arundel County Police yesterday to stop seizing cars in simple drug possession cases, a rollback of his popular and controversial "zero tolerance" for drug trafficking. [snip] In a written directive issued in March 1997, Tolliver told officers to seize vehicles if anyone inside had drugs or if drugs were found in the vehicle, regardless of who owned the vehicle, or whether the owner knew of the drugs. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: Baltimore Sun (MD) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sunspot.net/ Author: Tanya Jones, Sun Staff URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n569.a16.html *** DEA AUDIT REVEALS POOR ACCOUNTING PRACTICES WASHINGTON (AP) - The Drug Enforcement Agency, stung twice this year by revelations that its own workers stole millions of dollars, has kept a sloppy checkbook, according to an audit that may explain how it got scammed. The audit concludes the main U.S. drug fighter hasn't been able to ``accurately and completely account'' for the property it owns, the money that drug traffickers give undercover agents during sting operations or the seized drugs it has on hand. In fact, the DEA's accounting was so poor in 1997 that the private accounting firm that conducted the audit under new government accountability laws said it could not form an opinion as to whether the agency's books are accurate. [snip] Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998 Note: Headline by MAP Editor URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n562.a08.html *** AGENT'S WIFE ATTACKS HIS ALLEGED MISTRESS A federal prosecutor had told the indicted narcotics agent's spouse of the affair. The wife of a state narcotics agent charged in a drug-dealing scheme has been accused of assaulting his alleged mistress, authorities said Friday. Diane Parker, 42 a retired Orange County sheriff's deputy, had learned of the alleged affair in court Wednesday when a prosecutor derailed her plans to post his bail by telling her about the other woman. Her husband, Richard Wayne Parker of San Juan Capistrano, a nine-year veteran of the state Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement, was arrested July 2 on cocaine trafficking charges. [snip] Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998 Author: Stuart Pfeifer and Jeff Collins URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a04.html *** SQUADDIES RAN UKP2.5M DRUGS RING A MAJOR drugs trial which has badly damaged the reputation of one of Britain's most famous regiments was drawn to a close yesterday. Customs officials believe that the 18-month investigation, code named Operation Cruiser, involved the smuggling into Britain of up to UKP12m of heroin, ecstasy, amphetamines and cocaine by soldiers and former servicemen with the 39th Regiment Royal Artillery. During the trial, it emerged that more than UKP1m of drugs had been found in two taxi cabs in Liverpool. In all, UKP2.5m of drugs were seized. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Author: Jonathan Foster URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a11.html *** 3 DUTCH MARINES ARRESTED AS DRUG SMUGGLERS THE HAGUE, Netherlands - Three Dutch marines involved in drug-control efforts in the Caribbean have been arrested in connection with the smuggling of close to 700 pounds of cocaine to the Netherlands. The drugs were carried on a military plane that was normally used in the anti-drug campaign in the Dutch Antilles, the islands off the Venezuelan coast. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: New York Times News Service URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n573.a03.html *** Hemisphere *** COMMENT: There's no good news for the drug war here, either, although the RCMP-initiated break up of a multinational importing business sounds good, even the police admit it won't make a significant difference. Confirmation that the Salinas government was corrupt merely evokes yawns, and Colombia continues to look more and more like the Viet Nam of the Nineties. *** DRUG TURF UP FOR BIDS Gangs might move in following Mafia arrests With members of the country's biggest Mafia family now in custody, the race is on for control of a major chunk of Canada's market for illegal narcotics. RCMP Sgt. Guy Quintal said yesterday there are a number of gangs that might try to fill the void, including Asian gangs and biker gangs like the Hell's Angels that already import and deal in drugs. There is also the question of how much territory the Cuntrera-Caruana family, some of whose key members were arrested Wednesday, will retain. [snip] Source: Montreal Gazette (Canada) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.montrealgazette.com/ Pubdate: Fri 17 Jul 1998 Section: News A1 / FRONT Author: Paul Cherry URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n580.a10.html *** DRUG PROBE IMPLICATES SALINAS Swiss prosecutors looking into more than $130 million in suspected drug deposits in Swiss banks have stumbled into a political minefield - - claims by their witnesses that former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari received drug money. At least three witnesses have told Swiss prosecutors that their drug cartels paid off members of the Salinas family, including the former president, for protecting their activities in Mexico. The claims have come up in the drug-money-laundering case against Raul Salinas, the former president's brother. [snip] Source: Seattle-Times (WA) Pubdate: Wednesday, 15 July, 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: Andres Oppenheimer, Knight Ridder Newspapers URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n568.a07.html *** SHAKEN BY REBEL GAINS, COLOMBIA TURNS MORE TO THE U.S. TRES ESQUINAS MILITARY BASE, Colombia - The scene is straight out of Hollywood. A ruggedly handsome, tough-talking general in military fatigues points to maps of coca fields, cocaine labs and guerrilla strongholds in this jungle outpost in southwestern Colombia. The maps are marked "secret" in red marker. [snip] Although this exercise is merely for show, the reality is that Colombia is at war, and, according to American intelligence, the enemy is gaining. It was here three months ago, in the region of Caqueta, that the military suffered its worst defeat at the hands of Marxist rebels since the guerrillas took up arms in the mid-1960s. Sixty-seven soldiers were killed. [snip] Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: 16 July 1998 Author: Paul de la Garza Section: sec. 1, page 9 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n575.a02.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET Newly Updated Archive of Published Letters Please visit the newly updated and improved archive of the hundreds of letters and articles that have been published over the last three years by our talented productive and hard working volunteer membership. The archive will now allow you to list the published letters by year, source and author. The collection is rapidly approaching a thousand published letters that have been printed in virtually every major newspaper and many magazines nationwide. We have added a link to explain how we calculate the dollar value of these "ads for reform" and the cumulative collection will soon top a million dollars. As we say often at DrugSense, writing a letter to the editor is one of the most effective activities a serious reformer can engage in. See the proof at: http://www.mapinc.org/lte/ *** Portland NORML is Back Online DrugSense is proud to be the new home of the Portland NORML web site at http://www.pdxnorml.org/ The site went down late Saturday or early Sunday during the changeover from the old server. As of July 22, the new site location has not yet been updated at Internic. We hope it will be restored within the next day or so, but in the meantime you can access the complete site from: http://www.mapinc.org/pdxnorml/ Special thanks to Chuck Cavanaugh of Boise for his excellent volunteer work redesigning the home page. Chuck recently established his own Web-page design start-up at http://home.att.net/~sunfish5/ *** TIP OF THE WEEK *** The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT) The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT) is one of the model state based reform organizations in the country. It has a an excellent and coordinated group of reformers, a monthly newsletter, an excellent Email chat list, and has embarked on numerous projects such as reporting, letter writing and fact gathering on the Esequiel Hernandez killing See: http://www.mapinc.org/DPFT/hernandez/hernandez_index.htm All reformers that are Texas residents should belong to this worthwhile organization and we encourage those of you who know anyone in the state to pass along the good word. The DPFT Web page can be viewed at http://www.mapinc.org/DPFT/ We are interested in, and in the process of, duplicating this reform success story in other states around the country. If you are interested in organizing a state based on-line reform group please contact Mark Greer at MGreer@mapinc.org *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK *** `He who opens a school door, closes a prison.' - Victor Hugo - *** FACT OF THE WEEK *** From Drug War Facts, http://www.drugsense.org/factbook.htm At current levels of incarceration, newborn black males in this country have a greater than 1 in 4 chance of going to prison during their lifetimes, while Hispanic males have a 1 in 6 chance, and white males have a 1 in 23 change of serving time. Source: Bonczar, T.P. & Beck, A.J. (1997, March). Lifetime likelihood of going to state or federal prison. (NCJ-160092). Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (firstname.lastname@example.org) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (email@example.com) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to firstname.lastname@example.org PLEASE DONATE: DrugSense provides this service and many others at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur a great deal of expenses in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort please make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc. d/b/a DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
The articles posted here are generally copyrighted by the source publications. They are reproduced here for educational purposes under the Fair Use Doctrine (17 U.S.C., section 107). NORML is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit educational organization. The views of the authors and/or source publications are not necessarily those of NORML. The articles and information included here are not for sale or resale.
Comments, questions and suggestions.Reporters and researchers are welcome at the world's largest online library of drug-policy information, sponsored by the Drug Reform Coordination Network at: http://www.druglibrary.org/
Next day's news
Previous day's news
to 1998 Daily News index for July 16-22
to Portland NORML news archive directory
to 1998 Daily News index (long)
This URL: http://www.pdxnorml.org/980722.html