Portland NORML News - Wednesday, July 22, 1998

'I' Is For Initiative - An Unorthodox A To Z Guide To The Ballot Measures
That Made It (Excerpts From A 'Willamette Week' Article That Pertain
To The Medical Marijuana And Recriminalization-Repeal Initiatives On Oregon's
November Ballot)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:22:07 GMT
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: Portland, OR, free weekly on inits

Willamette Week (Portland, OR), July 22, 1998


"I" is for Initiative
An unorthodox A to Z guide to the ballot measures that made it

You think this year's batch of initiatives, which were approved for the ballot
this month, lacks sizzle?

It's true, we don't have explosive measures like assisted suicide, gay rights
and cougar killing, which heated up campaigns in recent years. But November's
ballot contains a few firecrackers nonetheless.

Five of the 11 measures on the ballot are likely to draw national attention.

The vote-by-mail and adoptee-rights measures are the first of their kind in
the country. The dueling union measures will bring out the big guns of
organized labor. The clear-cut ban will be watched by tree huggers and tree
cutters from here to Maine. And pot advocates say Oregon's decriminalization
measure is arguably the most important marijuana-related referendum in the

Adoptees? Trees? Marijuana? You might be thinking the November ballot will be
about little more than electoral anarchy. And it's true--ballot measures have
increasingly been concocted to appeal to niche markets. That's what makes them
so exciting--and so confusing.

To help you make sense of this seemingly random crazy quilt, we present an
unorthodox A-to-Z guide to the ballot measures.


The Lineup


Seeks to repeal 1997 law that recriminalized possession of small amounts of
marijuana. (S)


Gives adopted people age 21 and over who were born in Oregon access to their
original birth certificates without consent from either birth parent. (S)


Prohibits the state from helping groups
collect political donations through union
paycheck deductions. (C)


Requires that all statewide elections are
conducted by mail balloting only. (S)


Sets minimum sentences for certain crimes and increases sentences for repeat
offenders. (S)


Strengthens contribution-disclosure regulations for ballot measures and
protects public employee unions from using paycheck deductions as a legal
means of fund-raising. (C)


Requires two-thirds of voters to vote yes on measures that mandate a
two-thirds voter turnout. (C)


Stops clear-cutting and restricts the use of chemical pesticides and
herbicides by logging companies. (S)


Allows citizens to challenge rules created by state agencies by petitioning
legislators. (C)


Sets aside 15 percent of all lottery revenues for parks and wildlife habitat
protection. (C)


Allows people with certain illnesses to cultivate and possess small amounts of
marijuana, if their doctor recommends it. (S)


[excerpts related to marijuana initiatives]

H is for Hungary

You may not be able to find it on a map, but you can be sure that this tiny
nation is influencing Oregon politics. New York financier and gazillionaire
George Soros was born there and remembers vividly its repressive regime. As a
result, he's campaigning against what he considers America's version of
repression--the War on Drugs. In California and Arizona, Soros' fat bankroll
translated into successful efforts to legalize medical marijuana. In Oregon,
he joined forces with University of Phoenix founder John Sperling and Ohio
insurance executive Peter Lewis, who together helped pony up $280,000 to put
two marijuana-related measures on the ballot.

Measure 67 would allow people with certain illnesses to use pot as treatment,
with their doctor's permission. Measure 57 is a citizen referendum that
decriminalizes possession of less than an ounce.

Expect to see more money flow from Soros, according to Measure 57 campaign
manager Todd Olson.

J is for Joint

Smoke a joint and you could take a trip to the joint. That's what Measure 57
is about. It asks voters to decide whether to recriminalize simple possession
of small amounts of the green buds.

If it weren't for some wimpiness on the part of Gov. John Kitzhaber, this
measure might never have reached the ballot.

For the last 25 years, possession of less than an ounce of pot hasn't been a
crime--instead, it's the equivalent of a really expensive traffic violation.
But last year, the Republican legislators decided to put the governor to a
test by passing a bill to recriminalize pot. This way, they could force the
jeans-wearing, guitar-playing guv to crack down on pot smokers; if he didn't,
and instead vetoed the bill, he'd be handing the Republicans a soft-on-drugs
club to use against him in the next election. The governor buckled.

"He chickened out," says Olson, who worked for Rep. George Eighmey in the '97
Legislature. Now Olson is in charge of the Campaign That Didn't Have To Be:
the referendum to repeal the recriminalization.

M is for Moonshine

That's what Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle envisions when he hears about
medical marijuana, which would be legal under Measure 67. "When you talk about
legalizing home-grown marijuana that could be any potency," he says, "this is
the equivalent of legalizing moonshine and trying to say that's medicine."

Supporters of Measure 67, such as retired internist Rick Bayer, the measure's
chief sponsor, say it's nothing of the sort. Unlike still-brewed hooch,
marijuana can be helpful to many ill people, particularly those undergoing
chemotherapy or wasting away from AIDS. Besides, Bayer says, this measure has
safeguards that make it entirely different from the initiative that created
controversy in California when it allowed storefront distribution to folks who
might not even be sick.

Z is for Zonked

Turnout among young Oregonians may get a boost from two pro-pot measures. WW's
own survey of 100 18-to-34-year-olds found that relaxation of drug laws was a
top priority for 14 percent of respondents. The question is whether these
people will be too relaxed themselves to vote. "These issues have youthful
appeal, but I don't know if they will motivate people not inclined to vote,"
says Portland political consultant Wiener. "Some of these people wouldn't vote
if you stuck a firecracker up their nose."

Herrick Verdict In (Ellen Komp Of 'The 215 Reporter' Forwards Excerpts From
The Periodic Newsletter Going Back As Far As February 1998, Documenting The
Prosecutorial And Judicial Bias In Orange County Against Medical Marijuana
Patient And Activist David Herrick, Just Sentenced To Four Years In Prison)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 22:20:28 EDT
Errors-To: jnr@insightweb.com
Reply-To: friends@freecannabis.org
Originator: friends@freecannabis.org
Sender: friends@freecannabis.org
From: Ellen Komp (ekomp@slonet.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (friends@freecannabis.org)
Subject: Fwd: Herrick Verdict In

Here are some details on Herrick, from my earlier posts to friends and DPCA.
We also printed letters from Herrick in the 215 Reporter. If anyone needs
copies, email me your snail mails.

All possible forms of protest are in order. It certainly doesn't look good
for Chavez in OC, since they have eight counts against him.


(From February 215 Reporter)

David Herrick just spent his 250th day in Orange County jail. Possessing
seven 1/4-ounce baggies of marijuana labeled for free distribution to
seriously ill patients.

Herrick was a volunteer at the Orange County buyer's club when he was caught
with the medicine. Herrick found marijuana useful for back pain after a
disabling accident, and worked to allow other patients access to their medicine.

Herrick is now charged with transportation and sales of marijuana. Both
charges are highly questionable. Transporatation has been ruled as covered
by the new law by the First District Court of Appeals in People v. Trippet.
And the Orange County Buyers Club did not sell marijuana; they accepted
nominal donations around $20. (Marijuana currently sells for as much as
$400/ounce on the black market.)

The length of time served over such a small amount of marijuana in this case
is greatly out of proportion, even without a medical defense. A fellow
prisoner serving an 8-month sentence (with 122 days likely to be served) for
transporting 50 pounds of marijuana through John Wayne Airport. Herrick has
already served nearly twice that time.

Herrick has written many letters to friends and fellow activists,
encouraging them to keep up the fight in his absence. In a letter dated
December 5, Herrick wrote, "When I got on the bus to go back to the jail on
Wed. I received an ovation for my cause, because some of the inmates saw
poor Mr. Realms come in, in his wheelchair with his oxygen tank, and noting
that he was in a hospice and dying." Realms was one of the patients to whom
Herrick gave marijuana.

Assistant District Attorney Armburst, it's rumored it's his last year head
narcotics DA and he wants to go out with a bang. He has vowed to to destroy
the so called "cancer" of buyers clubs


SANTA ANA, February 6, 1998--David Herrick was in court again today, but a
motion to let him out of jail was not heard. Herrick has served over 250
days in Orange County jail after being caught with seven 1/8-oz. packages of
marijuana labeled for medical distribution by the Orange County Patients
Co-Op where he was a volunteer.

The court date was scheduled to hear three motions filed by Herrick's public
defender Sharon Petrocino: a motion to dismiss on unethical practices by the
prosecution; second over prosecution's tactics of dropping and refiling
charges, which may make Petrocino unable to stay on the case; and third, to
release Herrick on his own regocnicance.

The unethical practices include harassing defense's witnesses, all patients,
threatening to arrest them if they did not appear as hostile witnesses. Of
eight charges filed, only one witness's testimony upheld a single charge of
distribution, and that witness was unsure whether Herrick or Martin Chavez
gave him the marijuana.

Unfortunately, Petrocino was called out on family matters today and
assistant District Attorney Armburst held fast to an all-or-nothing
position, refusing to argue the motion to release Herrick without the other
two. Public Defender James Landis said in court that Armburst had agreed
over telephone the previous night to hear the single motion. Superior Court
Div 36 Judge William R. Froeberg scolded the attorneys over the incident
allowed the motion to go unheard, and Herrick to remain in jail.

Herrick has become a major politicial ping pong ball between San Bernadino
and Orange counties. If Orange county releases him., he will be put on a bus
to San Bernadino, who has a warrant out on Herrick without bail, and Orange
county won't be able to try him. Herrick has a probation violation for
testing postive for marijuana after a possession charge of two ounces. He is
a medical user, being 80% disabled with dislocated discs.

For the first time in court today, Herrick, 48, was held in handcuff with
hand behind his back the entire time, a very uncomfortable position for
someone with his disability. His hair has turned completely gray during his
incarceration. There seems to be little hope of Herrick getting out of jail
until his trial is over.

Meanwhile a team of attorneys has taken on Martin Chavez's case. Some
speculate that Herrick will be let go now that Chavez has been arrested, but
how long that will take is anyone's guess.



Appeals Court To Hear Prosecutorial
Misconduct Charges in Herrick Trial

On March 5, the 4th District Court of Appeal in Santa Ana ordered a stay of
prosecution in the case against David Herrick, the Orange County cannabis
co-op volunteer who has served 285 days in jail after being caught with less
than two ounces of pot for distribution to patients. The Court will hear
arguments that prosecutors improperly used evidence provided by the defense.

Originally "intent to sell" charges were filed against Herrick. When the
defense provided names of co-op patients to whom Herrick intended to
distribute marijuana, the prosecution dropped those charges and filed
"sales" charges against Herrick, using the defense witnesses against him.

Deputy Public Defender Sharon Petrosino said she was required by evidence
"discovery" laws to provide the information to the prosecution. "I don't
think we should be forced to provide discovery that ultimately hurts our
client," Petrosino said.

The defense motion also charged that the prosecution filed criminal charges
against the co-op's founder, Marvin Chavez, to prevent him from being used
as a defense witness.

The appellate court gave the prosecution until March 16 to respond to the
defense brief. The trial will be stayed until the appellate court rules.

(The appellate court later decided not to rule in the case until the trial
was over)


(May 12, 1998)

(Trial coverage--by this time Froeberg had disallowed a medical defense, but
defense attorney Petrosino, in cross examinations, got some testimony in
about it anyway. One prosecution witness was a patient, the other a
caregiver (the second patient had died of cancer.) No medical experts were
allowed to testify.)

It came out that Herrick signed patients up for membership and gave them
cards, and that patients gave "donations." They told the investigator it was
their understanding there was no correlation between the amount of money
donated and the amount of marijuana obtained, and that there was no pressure
to give money. $20 or $40 was the highest transaction described, in exchange
for one or two 1/8-oz. baggies. Armburst liked to refer to it as $20 per
1/8, but Petrosino established that it was not that cut and dried.

At 2:30 the judge heard motions. One involved intimidation of witnesses,
Evidence Code 413, Arizona vs. 488 US 51. The judge said (dig this) "Police
officers can lie to witnesses, there's nothing improper about that." The
judge then sustained the DA's objection on grounds of irrelevancy to all
defense exhibits A-E: a pamphlet about the co-op, the membership card, and
letters of recommendation.


(May 15, 1998)

The day started with the defense resting. No witnesses were called because
all avenues for defense had been closed.

Judge William R. Froeberg then gave the jury their instructions. Jurors were
given standard instructions, including ordering them not to consider the
penalty, that they must apply the law as stated, whether or not they agree
with it. H&SC 11360 a&b was read, but not 11362.5 (The Compassionate Use Act
of 1996 a.k.a. Prop 215).

District Attorney Armburst, in his summation, said that sales mean trading
for money or favors and that "a donation is a favor." He compared the case
to that of a prostitute who can't accept money for her services but charges
$50 to pet her dog.

She argued that someone's mere presence at a crime does not constitute
aiding and abetting. To aid and abet, she said, must be "With knowledge of
unlawful purpose." In this case, she said the purpose was to provide
marijuana for seriously ill Californians. She noted that "no one disputes
that Mr. Hoffer and Mr. O'Rear required marijuana, that they were sick."

Petrosino compared accepting donations for a gift to the return address
stickers non-profit groups send to potential donors. The gifts are given
freely, and donations are not required in exchange. "There is no sale in
this case," she said.

She finished with a quote from "one of our Presidents": "What we need in
this Country is not division, not hatred. . . but compassion for those who
suffer." The Orange County Co-op, she said, felt compassion for those who
suffer and "shame on anyone who say they committed a crime."

He stated that there was nothing presented to show that marijuana prolonged
life, only that it ended pain. He said "Mr. Pollard bought marijuana for his
friend, and there's probably nothing wrong with that." He said the Petrosino
argued Herrick was "trying to help." That's true, he said, but "any street
dealer can make the same claim--I was just trying to help the guy out. . .
and we'd never convict anyone for marijuana, cocaine, heroin or

The jury returned after an hour's deliberation to ask why Prop 215 wasn't a
factor. Judge Froeberg read them the part of the law covering possession and
cultivation; nothing about asking the state for a distribution system. They
returned with a guilty verdict on one felony count; another count was
reduced to a misdemeanor charge of giving away. He was found not guilty on
two other charges.


Ellen Komp
215 Reporter

Ammo (A List Subscriber Re-Posts The County By County Yes-No Vote Percentages
For Proposition 215 In California In November 1996)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 23:30:37 -0700
To: R Givens (rgivens@mail.sirius.com)
From: R Givens (rgivens@sirius.com)
Subject: DPFCA: AMMO
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

Here are some files that come in handy when medical marijuana cases come
up. Some prosecutors and judges are going against the voters in their own
counties. For instance, Orange county has taken a very hard line against
Proposition 215, even though the electorate there approved medical
marijuana by a 51% margin.

Whenever some hotspur prosecutor or judge shoots his/her idiot mouth off
about medical marijuana, check the voting record for their county because
sometimes these Anslingerite bozos are completely out of touch with their
own community.

Remind people of the betrayal of democratic process by these Reefer
Manaics. Paint them as the totalitarians they really are. Expose their
lunatic delusions based on outrageous lies and myths. Expose their contempt
for the democratic process. Slash them to ribbons with the truth.

The 50% results are all very close, some going slightly yes and others
slightly no on Proposition 215. You'll have to see the attached gif map to
see exactly which way these counties voted. The gif file will open with

R Givens

save this file for future reference

As of Nov 06 1996 16:30

YES		4,870,822		55.7%
NO		3,875,899		44.3%

Percent voting	YES**

Alameda		70
Alpine		56
Amador		44
Butte		49
Calaveras	49
Colusa		39
Contra Costa	63
Del Norte	49
El Dorado	51
Fresno		42
Glenn		39
Humboldt	57
Imperial	40
Inyo		42
Kern		42
Kings		41
Lake		52
Lassen		40
Los Angeles	55
Madera		41
Marin		73
Mariposa	48
Mendocino	64
Merced		56
Modoc		39
Mono		57
Monterey	58
Napa		59
Nevada		52
Orange		51
Placer		48
Plumas		47
Riverside	48
Sacramento	53
San Benito	57
San Bernadino	50
San Diego	52
San Francisco	78
San Joaquin	46
San Luis Obispo	50
San Mateo	66
Santa Barbara	53
Santa Clara	64
Santa Cruz	73
Shasta		41
Sierra		50
Siskiyou	41
Solano		55
Sonoma		69
Stanislaus	46
Sutter		39
Tehema		41
Trinity		50
Tulare		37
Tuolumne	48
Ventura		52
Yolo		58
Yuba		46

Note: counties with 50% votes were VERY CLOSE. The results were slightly
positive in some cases and in others slightly negative. See the attached
gif for exact positive and negative results for 50% county votes.

Proposition 215 county by county

Oakland City Council Says Yes To Patients (A Bay Area Correspondent
Provides More Details About Yesterday's Vote For A Medical Marijuana
Ordinance Designed To Protect The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative
From Federal Prosecution)

From: "ralph sherrow" (ralphkat@hotmail.com)
To: ralphkat@hotmail.com
Subject: Oakland July 21 1998 City Council says yes to Patients
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:37:19 PDT

Ten minutes to three am Wednesday morning 7-22-98

Boy am I ready to go to sleep. Car engine blew. On it for 4 days getting
it towed back from the mountains. Fun fun fun.

The Oakland City Council voted 7 to 2 to keep the limits in place.
Victory number one. Finale decision!!

A government patient named George McMahon was the first speaker. He
showed the council the 6" round metal can that his government marijuana
comes in along with ten rolled joints in a plastic container that he
said was his daily allotment. 11 people testified. Jeff Jones (Oakland
CBC's executive Director), Bill Panzer (Criminal lawyer), Ken Hayes
(Executive director of C.H.A.M.P. San Francisco), Dr. Michael Alacalay,
Dr. Tod Mikuriya, were the names I knew, but there were 6 more. Each
speaking fluently & to the point. You would have been proud. Everyone
did equally well. Afterwards we went to the Oakland Cooperative to snack
on crackers & cheese & sodas & let it sink in. & talk. Don't let us be
the only ones to have been there. You too can tell your grandchildren
that, yep, I was there when Oakland broke
thru. Be there with us July 28 at 7pm for the final vote on making the
Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative an agent of the City of Oakland
California. More on that in the next paragraph.

Next paragraph: Victory number 2, the Council also voted in favour of
appointing "The Oakland Cannabis Cooperative" as an agent of the City to
dispense Medical Marijuana or Cannabis. There will be another vote to
make it final on July 28th 1998 at 7pm at the Oakland City Hall Council

We were let out at 1220am & left the Oakland CBC & got home by 2am. & I
am composing this. What-a-night! Ralph

We need you to show up to show your support for the City of Oakland &
Medical Marijuana or Cannabis. These are some very important votes that
are being cast & you might as well be there, 'cause what else you gotta
to do?

Anyways that's the way it was July 21 1998 Oakland California. USA


PS: Rob Raich deserves much thanks for writing this ordinance on making
the CBC an agent of the city. Good work, Rob. We love you.

Oakland Council Backs Pot In Two Votes ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:09:42 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: Oakland Council Backs Pot in 2 Votes
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Section: Bay Area Datelines - Compiled from Examiner staff and wire reports


Oakland The Oakland City Council voted 7-2 early Wednesday to reaffirm its
lenient policy on medical marijuana, even though Mayor Elihu Harris
expressed strong concerns about the amount of pot that users are allowed to

The council also approved a new provision aimed at shielding the Oakland
Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative from the federal government's bid to shut down
the club at an August 14 hearing in federal court.

Two weeks ago, the full council unanimously approved without discussion a
proposal allowing medical marijuana users to have 1-1/4 pounds of cannabis,
described as a three-month supply.

1998 San Francisco Examiner Page A 7

Customs Yahoo Alert (California NORML Publicizes A Rude Letter
To A Licensed California Physician, Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D., By US Customs
Inspector Mark A Johnson, Informing Him The Federal Government
Doesn't Recognize The Protections Afforded Medical Marijuana Patients
By California Proposition 215)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 22:11:28 -0800
To: friends@freecannabis.org, dpfca@drugsense.org, mikuriya@igc.org
From: canorml@igc.apc.org (Dale Gieringer)
Subject: DPFCA: Customs Yahoo Alert
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

Following is an extremely obnoxious letter received by Dr. Tod Mikuriya
from a US Customs official who recently busted an unknown patient at the
border. It deserves a response from us.

Mr. Mikuriya,

As a reminder you may want to tell your "patients" that although they may
have received a "prescription" for marijuana from your office it will hold
no weight so far as federal or state laws are concerned.

Such was the case a few days ago when we confiscated less than a gram of
marijuana from one of the people who had put their confidence in you.

As a result of what we in Customs call a "zero tolerance" seizure, the
vehicle in which the marijuana is transported (be it a seed or a tenth of a
gram) may be subject to seizure, remitted to the violator only after a fine
of $5000 is paid. This fine may be mitigated to a lower level, as was the
case this week, but it doesn't always have to work this way.

The person from whom we seized both marijuana and vehicle was under the
assumption that your signature was license to transport and use this
narcotic freely. This was a stiff $500 lesson for someone who probably
couldn't afford it, but erroneously placed their trust in you.

You may want to clarify the risks for your "patients" in the future.

Mark A Johnson
Senior Inspector, U.S. Customs
Port Angeles, WA 98362
(360) 457-4311


Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // canorml@igc.apc.org
2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114

ACLU Challenges Oakland Seizure Ordinance ('The Contra Costa Times'
Says The American Civil Liberties Union Sued The City On Tuesday To Overturn
An Ordinance Allowing Police To Seize The Cars Of Suspected Drug Buyers
And Prostitution Customers)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:00:21 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: ACLU Challenges Oakland Seizure Ordinance
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Source: Contra Costa Times (CA)
Contact: cctletrs@netcom.com
Website: http://www.hotcoco.com/index.htm
Author: Associated Press


OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) -- The American Civil Liberties Union sued Oakland on
Tuesday to overturn an ordinance allowing police to seize the cars of
suspected drug buyers and prostitution customers.

The ordinance took effect last September and is being closely watched by
officials in several other cities and counties. The ACLU said it violates
state laws that limit property forfeitures and require criminal convictions
before seizures. The city said state law imposes no such requirement.

"It is understandable that Oakland should take measures to deter crimes in
its neighborhoods," ACLU lawyer Alan Schlosser said in a statement.
"However, ignoring basic legal standards established by the Legislature to
protect individual rights and innocent people is the wrong way to pursue
this goal."

Deputy City Attorney Marcia Meyers said the city considers the ordinance
"legal and enforceable."

Alameda County Superior Court Judge Henry Needham scheduled a hearing Sept.
24 after denying the ACLU's request for an earlier hearing on whether to
block enforcement.

The ordinance allows police to seize vehicles used to acquire any illegal
drugs or solicit prostitution. The owner has 10 days to seek recovery, and
the city must then prove, by a majority of the evidence, that the vehicle
was used for the specified illegal purpose. The city then can sell the
vehicle and use the proceeds for law enforcement.

The forfeiture proceedings are separate from any criminal charges against
the owner. Criminal charges must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt, a
higher standard than a majority of the evidence; as a result, the city could
keep vehicles in some cases if the owner was acquitted or never charged.

The ACLU said it had obtained city records showing at least 17 vehicle
seizures in the last few months involved the attempted purchase of $10 to
$30 worth of marijuana, a crime punishable by a $100 fine.

In March, Legislative Counsel Bion Gregory's office, the Legislature's legal
adviser, issued a non-binding opinion saying the Oakland ordinance
conflicted with state law.

One law cited by the opinion allows certain cities, including Oakland, to
pass ordinances allowing seizures of cars used for solicting prostitution.
But seizures are allowed only if the owner has been convicted, and the
vehicle can be held for no more than 48 hours.

Another state law allows forfeiture of vehicles used to buy illegal drugs.
But, the counsel's opinion said, it also requires a criminal conviction and
applies only to the purchase of large amounts of drugs -- 14.25 grams of
heroin or crack cocaine, or 10 pounds of marijuana. Oakland's ordinance
covers the purchase of any type or amount of illegal drugs.

Meyers, the city's lawyer, said the counsel's opinion and the ACLU's suit
misinterpreted state law. She said the state authorizes such local
ordinances as "nuisance abatement" measures and allows property forfeitures
without criminal convictions.

ACLU Sues Oakland Over Car Seizures ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:00:36 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: ACLU Sues Oakland Over Car Seizures
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Robert Selna


OAKLAND -- An Oakland ordinance allowing the city to sell cars seized in
drug and prostitution busts without charging owners with crimes has raised
constitutional concerns among residents and a local civil rights group.

The nuisance ordinance was created in 1997 as part of a crime reduction
plan called operation Beat Feet, in which undercover cops pose as drug
dealers and prostitutes in some of Oakland's highest crime areas. When
drivers or passengers ask to buy drugs or sex, they are arrested and the
car is confiscated.

Once a car is seized, the vehicle's registered owner -- regardless of
whether he or she was present at the bust -- has 10 days to negotiate a
price with the city for the car's return or it is sold at public auction.
Half of the proceeds go to the police and the other half to the city.

On Tuesday, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit against the
city in Alameda County Superior Court claiming the ordinance violates state
law by seizing property without a conviction. The ACLU filed the suit on
behalf of Oakland resident Sam C. Horton, a citizen concerned about the
ordinance as a taxpayer but not directly involved in a case.

"The California state Constitution says that local governments can't
preempt state law," said Alan Schlosser, managing attorney with the
Northern California ACLU.

Schlosser said state law includes two statutes that provide people basic
property rights and due process protections in seizure cases.

"The thing that is upsetting about the Oakland ordinance is that it shows a
total disregard for protections the state chose to engraft into state law,"
Schlosser said.

The protections, Schlosser explained, are the same that a person would
receive in a criminal trial. "People are not given a presumption of
innocence, they are not given a jury trial and they are not appointed a
lawyer if they can't afford one," Schlosser said of the city's civil

In the last year, the Oakland Police Department and its city attorney's
office have confiscated more than 70 cars allegedly involved in drug
purchases or prostitution in East and West Oakland neighborhoods, many
without a conviction.

The city said the operation was intended to eradicate the demand side of
drug and prostitution economics by removing consumers, many who drive from
outlying cities to parts of Oakland known as easy places to buy drugs and
hire prostitutes.

City officials say that so far, the strategy is working.

"When we first began the program, we were getting about 30 cars at a time,"
said Alameda County Deputy District Attorney Andy Cuellar. "Last time we
did it we only got about eight. This shows that people are paying
attention." Cuellar contends that what the city is doing is within the law.

"The fact that the ordinance serves in part to deter crime does not
necessarily mean that it's a criminal ordinance," Cuellar said. "Civil
penalties can be imposed when people have engaged in criminal activity."

Cuellar argues that the city will survive the ACLU's legal challenge
because the state statutes do not require due process in all cases and the
state Constitution gives the city the power to create its own ordinances
that don't rely on statutes.

Steve Simirin, an Oakland attorney who has represented several plaintiffs
in forfeiture cases with the city, said the ordinance is dangerous because
it is too broad.

Simirin said he represented a woman whose husband took her new van for a
drive with a friend. The friend said he needed to get out of the car to
"talk to somebody," but what he did was buy drugs, Simirin said.

The van owner's husband was surrounded by cops, had to spend the night in
jail and pay a bail bondsman, even though the charges against him were
dropped, he said.

The next day, Simirin said, the couple went to the police station to get
the van. They were told they would have to go to court and pay a $200
filing fee to contest the forfeiture.

Eventually, Simirin negotiated a deal so that the woman -- who was not
present at the time of the bust -- paid $1,500 to get her car back and
about $1,100 for towing and storage. If the woman had not paid the fees,
the city would have sold her car. Simirin said the woman did not fight the
case because it would have taken more than a year to resolve and would have
included court and attorney fees. Part of getting the car back also
includes signing an agreement not to sue the city.

According to city records, in addition to the ACLU's case, eight forfeiture
suits have been filed against the city. City officials aren't fazed by such

"The ACLU should take us to court if they are so inclined, but we feel the
ordinance can withstand a legal challenge," said Nate Miley, an East
Oakland city councilman who is chairman of Oakland's public safety

Miley said he believes the ordinance may need to be reviewed to ensure its
fairness, but he thinks it is necessary to combat the drug trade plaguing
his district.

"Three-quarters of the cars we confiscated were from outside of Oakland,"
Miley said. "If word gets out that you can't come to Oakland to buy drugs,
that will be a big deterrent, because there won't be any market."

John Crew, director of the ACLU's police practices project, said that
although the ordinance may deter crime, it also may extort money from
innocent car owners.

"I am not comfortable with an ordinance that gives the police a fiscal
incentive to pick people up," Crew said.

The ordinance does not state criteria by which the city attorney determines
fines for confiscated cars, giving car owners little room to negotiate.
Assistant City Attorney Marcia Meyers said that she determines fines based
on several factors, but that each case is different.

"I see whether there is a good connection between the crime and the car,
the value of the car, whether they resisted arrest -- if the owner does not
think it's (the fine) fair, they can go to court," Meyers said.

Simirin said that several of his clients have decided to settle rather than
go to court, because the legal process is so expensive and time-consuming.

"In order to fight the case, they would have to lose the use of the car for
a year, because that's how long it takes to get through the courts,"
Simirin said. "They also have to pay an attorney and ultimately the case
might get ruled against them."

A Sept. 24 hearing date is set for the ACLU case.

1998 San Francisco Examiner

The CIA's Paper Of Record (That's The Characterization
Of 'The New York Times' Presented In A 'San Francisco Bay Guardian' Interview
With 'Dark Alliance' Reporter And Author Gary Webb, Who Critiques
The Newspaper's Recent Article About The Latest Development
In The CIA-Contra-Cocaine Scandal)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 13:39:13 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: The CIA's Paper of Record
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: San Francisco Bay Guardian
Website: http://www.sfbg.com
Contact: letters@sfbg.com
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Norman Solomon


A few days ago, on July 17, the New York Times published a front-page story
under a blunt headline: "CIA Says It Used Nicaraguan Rebels Accused of Drug

The lead of the new Times article was fairly straightforward: "The Central
Intelligence Agency continued to work with about two dozen Nicaraguan
rebels and their supporters during the 1980s despite allegations that they
were trafficking in drugs, according to a classified study by the CIA. The
new study has found that the agency's decision to keep those paid agents,
or to continue dealing with them in some less formal relationship, was made
by top officials at headquarters in Langley, Va., in the midst of the war
waged by the CIA-backed contras against Nicaragua's leftist Sandinista

So what went through Gary Webb's mind when he read the July 17 article in
the Times?

"One thing I thought should have been prominently displayed," Webb said,
"were the words 'After years of denials by both the CIA and the national
newspapers of record ...' This is yet another example of the CIA lying to
the press and the public -- for years -- and the newspaper of record
doesn't bother to mention it."

Webb added that the Times story "also forgot to mention that this
'confession' means our country's major newspapers helped keep these facts
covered up by unquestioningly passing the CIA's falsehoods along to the
public and denigrating any journalist who tried to report the truth."

George Orwell would have understood. In his novel 1984, he wrote about the
newspeak process: "To tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in
them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient, and then, when it
becomes necessary again, to draw it back from oblivion for just so long as
it is needed, to deny the existence of objective reality and all the while
to take account of the reality which one denies -- all this is
indispensably necessary."

As Webb spells out in his excellent new book, Dark Alliance: The CIA, the
Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion, top editors at the Mercury News
supported his enterprising journalism for many months but, as the pressure
from national media powerhouses intensified, gradually caved in.

Another journalist who assessed the implications of last week's New York
Times article was Robert Parry. In late 1985, as an Associated Press
reporter, he teamed up with colleague Brian Barger to expose drug
trafficking by the contras. "In our Dec. 20, 1985, story, we reported that
the CIA already was aware of contra cocaine smuggling," Parry recalled in
an interview. "Over more than a decade, the evidence of those crimes has
built and built, now established beyond any reasonable doubt."

As for the latest New York Times treatment, Parry is far from content:
"From the very beginning -- when the New York Times ignored the original AP
story -- the 'newspaper of record' which publishes 'all the news that's fit
to print' has turned its back on the contra-drug story," he said. "Even
worse, it has denigrated those who have tried to bring public attention to
this horrendous crime of state."

Now, Parry says, "in a story stuck in the lower left corner of the front
page -- the most inconspicuous front-page positioning possible -- the Times
acknowledged that the CIA's inspector general had determined that there was
substance to the contra-drug allegations after all.... But the Times still
lacked the journalistic integrity to lay out the larger case.... The Times
story looked more like damage control, doing the minimum to protect the
CIA's reputation and its own."

Norman Solomon is coauthor of Wizards of Media Oz: Behind the Curtain of
Mainstream News. His column appears weekly at sfbg.com.

Chipchase Had Evidence Taken Before Trials, Detective Says
(An Update In 'The Fresno Bee' On The Case Of Woodlake, California
Police Sergeant Kenneth Chipchase, Suspected Of Pilfering
Confiscated Drugs From An Evidence Room)
Link to earlier story
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:57:40 -0700 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Chipchase Had Evidence Taken Before Trials, Detective Says Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World) Source: Fresno Bee, The Contact: letters@fresnobee.com Website: http://www.fresnobee.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 Author: Hanh Kim Quach - The Fresno Bee CHIPCHASE HAD EVIDENCE TAKEN BEFORE TRIALS, DETECTIVE SAYS TULARE - A Tulare County investigator testified Tuesday that a former Woodlake police sergeant charged with perjury had ordered the removal of evidence in 14 cases that were headed to trial. Kelly Robertson, an investigator for the District Attorney's Office, testified in a preliminary hearing that she checked into then-Sgt. Kenneth Chipchase's requests to remove the evidence after noticing that some items in the Woodlake Police Department evidence room were incomplete or missing. Chipchase was arrested in April after a two-month investigation into the disappearance of drugs from the room. Missing items included marijuana, LSD, heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine. The initial investigation of Chipchase centered on Woodlake's evidence room and led to one count of perjury. Robertson said she also found 12 additional instances of perjury in court and in search warrants - leading to a total of 13 perjury counts. Chipchase repeatedly said in official documents that he had served as a federal law enforcement officer, she said. His descriptions of the job included working with high-risk youth in Washington, D.C., and Miami, or offering special protection to the space shuttle at Cape Canaveral, she said. Prosecutor Robert Dempsie said Chipchase's descriptions were wrong. Another former Woodlake police sergeant, Mark Swaim, who testified July 1, said he did not see those entries on Chipchase's service record when he glanced at it before Chipchase was hired by the agency in 1993. Chipchase was placed on leave when the investigation began. He was later fired. Chipchase's preliminary hearing is scheduled to resume Aug. 4. He is free on $200,000 bond.

Pot Petition Appeals To Secretary Of State ('The Las Vegas Sun'
Says Nevadans For Medical Rights On Tuesday Contested The Finding
Of Secretary Of State Dean Heller That The Initiative Campaign
Had Fallen Short By Seven Signatures In Lyon County And 36 Signatures
In Nye County - The Secretary Of State's Office Plans A Prompt Investigation)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:40:08 GMT
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: NV: Las Vegas Sun on Petition Appel
Las Vegas Sun
Wednesday, July 22, 1998

Pot petition appeals to Secretary of State

By Cy Ryan

CARSON CITY -- The Secretary of State's office plans a prompt investigation
of claims that there are enough valid signatures on petitions in two rural
counties to qualify an initiative on the medical use of marijuana for the
November ballot.

Nevadans for Medical Rights on Tuesday contested the finding of Secretary
of State Dean Heller that the petitions had fallen short of the required
signatures in Lyon County by seven signers and in Nye County by 36

The petitions seek to change the Nevada Constitution to permit a person,
upon the advice of a physician, to use marijuana for the treatment and
alleviation of pain of a variety of ailments. A minor would be required to
get the permission of a doctor and parents.

The organization, through its Las Vegas lawyer Donald Campbell, filed its
appeal minutes before the 5 p.m. Tuesday deadline and asked Heller to
re-examine scores of signatures that had been declared invalid.

The group gathered more than 70,000 signatures in 13 of the state's 17
counties. The law requires 46,764 signatures of registered voters and 10
percent of voters in 13 of the 17 counties. Nye and Lyon originally
reported that the petitions had failed. Heller then asked that the figures
be re-examined and the names verified.

Lyon and Nye again reported the petitions were short.

But Campbell said another check shows more than adequate signatures in the
two counties.

Pamela Crowell, deputy secretary of state for elections, said it would
conduct an "expeditious" examination of the signatures in question to
determine whether they were, in fact, those of registered voters. If the
petition is denied again, the medical marijuana organization can appeal to
the courts.

In Lyon County, Angelo Paparella, a representative of Progressive Campaigns
Inc., which did the gathering of signatures, performed an independent
review of the signers who were declared invalid. He reported finding at
least 25 signatures that should have been counted.

He said Lyon County Deputy Clerk Tricia Umphries agreed that the 25 are
signatures of verified voters, which would put the petition over the top.
In addition, Paparella said, there were another six signatures that were
crossed out that should have been tallied.

In Nye County, Klinton Kinder also of Progressive Campaigns, found that the
county clerk had miscounted the number of valid signatures. He said there
should be 914, rather than the 890 reported. Kinder also said that at least
37 signatures, originally declared invalid for not being from registered
voters, were in fact from people who were registered at the time they
signed their names.

Kinder also found that 14 signatures were disqualified because they were
from people not registered to vote. But those people had registered to vote
at the same time they signed the petition and should be counted, he said.
Counting those signatures easily would put the petition over the top.

In addition, on the final day the signatures were to be turned into the
county clerk, June 16, Kinder said two women who had 90 signatures on a
petition were turned away in Nye County because they were less than two
minutes late.

The 90 additional signatures are locked in a safe in the law offices of
Campbell and should be counted, petition supporters said.

Medical Marijuana Advocates Appeal To Salvage Nevada Ballot Question
(The 'Associated Press' Version In 'The Las Vegas Sun')

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 12:05:56 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NV: Medical Marijuana Advocates
Appeal to Salvage Nevada Ballot Question
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Las Vegas Sun (NV)
Contact: letters@lasvegassun.com
Website: http://www.lasvegassun.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Brendan Riley - Associated Press


CARSON CITY - Advocates of Nevada's medical marijuana ballot proposal,
rejected for the lack of just 43 valid signatures, appealed Tuesday and
presented audits to show they had enough names to qualify.

The appeal to Secretary of State Dean Heller was submitted by Las Vegas
lawyer Don Campbell, representing Nevadans for Medical Rights and Americans
for Medical Rights.

Heller said last week that a review he ordered showed the proposal was 36
signatures shy of the minimum needed in Nye County, and seven names short
in Lyon County.

Advocates of the plan submitted 74,466 signatures on their petition,
seemingly far above the minimum statewide total of 46,764 signatures for
any petitions seeking a spot on November's ballot.

But Nevada law requires that the total must include 10 percent of the
registered voters in 13 of Nevada's 17 counties. Signatures were gathered
only in the minimum 13, and the proponents couldn't afford to lose a single

Campbell said Progressive Campaigns Inc., which collected the signatures,
performed independent reviews in both of the rural Nevada counties, and in
Lyon got a deputy clerk to agree that at least 25 rejected signatures were
valid. That more than erases the 7-name deficit, he said.

In Nye, Campbell said a combination of math errors and improperly rejected
signatures caused a shortfall, and when those names are included the
petitioners are at least three dozen signatures over the minimum - not 36

The count would climb even higher if Heller would direct Nye County to
accept 90 signatures delivered on the final day for submissions a few
minutes after the clerk's office closed in Tonopah, Campbell said. Two
women delivering those names were delayed by a traffic stop.

The appeal asks for a prompt investigation by the secretary of state. If
Heller goes ahead, that would mean a check of each of the names that
Campbell claims are valid.

If the appeal is rejected, the advocates could take their case to court.

The medical marijuana initiative would let people, on the advice of
physicians, use marijuana for curing or relieving pain in a number of
illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Minors would have to receive permission
from their parents and the doctor.

A registry of patients authorized to use marijuana for medical purposes
would be available to police if they needed to verify a claim that it's
being legally used by someone.

The proposal needed voter approval this November and again in November 2000
before it could take effect.

The move in Nevada was started by members of the same group that launched a
successful 1996 medical marijuana petition in California. But a big legal
battle developed over distribution through "cannabis clubs" in that state.

However, the Nevada advocates had said the problems that occurred in
California wouldn't happen here.

And even though Nevada's laws against marijuana are much harsher than
California's, the advocates thought voters would support the initiative
because Nevadans are so protective of individual rights.

Failed Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsors Appeal
('The Las Vegas Review-Journal' Version)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:56:35 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NV: Failed Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsors Appeal
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com and Dave Fratello
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Source: Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV)
Contact: letters@lvrj.com
Fax: 702-383-4676
Website: http://www.lvrj.com/lvrj_home/
Author: Sean Whaley, Donrey Capital Bureau


CARSON CITY -- Supporters of a failed initiative to legalize the use of
marijuana for medical purposes in Nevada filed an appeal Tuesday with the
secretary of state in an effort to get the measure on the November ballot.

The appeal by Americans for Medical Rights asks Secretary of State Dean
Heller to review the signature counting by county clerks in Nye and Lyon
counties that resulted in rejection of the measure.

The ballot question was successful in 11 of 13 counties where it was
circulated. But the petition fell short by seven signatures in Lyon County
and 36 signatures in Nye County.

Heller declared the measure failed on July 13. The group needed to qualify
the petition in all 13 counties for the measure to go on the ballot.

The organization had workers in the field in both counties over the past
several days looking at the signatures and trying to find some that should
have been counted but were not. Workers found 25 potentially valid
signatures in Lyon County, and an additional 75 in Nye County, that if
counted, would qualify the petition for the November ballot, according to
the appeal.

"From our analysis, we think we have enough signatures," said Dan Hart, a
spokesman for Americans for Medical Rights. "Of course, it's not our
analysis that matters.

"But I think we have a rational argument that needs to be considered," he
said. "I think a reasonable person will find that we have enough signatures."

Heller does not have a time limit by which he must act to review the
petition results in the two counties. If the group's appeal is rejected by
Heller, it can challenge the decision in district court.

Lyon County officials earlier this month checked all 1,418 signatures on
petitions circulated by the group. Only 975 were from registered voters,
however, seven short of the 982 required, according to the review by the
county clerk.

The Nye County signature-checking process has been plagued with problems. A
number of signatures that were not counted there by the clerk were ordered
counted by Heller.

Even so, only 890 valid signatures of registered voters were found in a
total of 1,228, or 36 short of the 926 needed.

The medical marijuana initiative proposes to allow a patient to use, upon
the advice of a physician, marijuana for "treatment or alleviation" of
cancer, glaucoma, AIDS, persistent nausea, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and
other medical problems. The proposal is one of several being pushed in
states across the nation.

The proposals have drawn opposition from people concerned that the ballot
questions are a step toward legalization of marijuana.

MAP Focus Alert Number 73 - CNN 'TalkBack Live' (The Media Awareness Project
Asks You To Make A Quick Response To A Biased Cable News Network Newscast
And Online Poll Regarding Heroin Deaths In Plano, Texas)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 16:16:26 -0700
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: "Quick Action" Focus Alert and vote CNN TalkBack Live


FOCUS ALERT No. 73 CNN TalkBack Live

CNN ran a program on TalkBack Live today. It lacked balance, had no reform
spokespersons and promoted the following poll:

Should drug dealers be charged with murder when a buyer fatally overdoses?
as of this post the results were 52% yes 48% No
Please cast your vote at: http://cnn.com/CNN/Programs/TalkBack/index.html



Email TalkBack about the unbalanced nature of the show at

"Extra Credit" See: http://www.mapinc.org/resource/email.htm
to find email addresses for your local newspapers and write a LTE


At 01:19 PM 7/22/98 -0700, Tom O'Connell wrote:

It now appears that the stimulus for the CNN "TalkBack Live" show today was
the arrest of some of the drug dealers which the involved federal
prosecutor (a grand-stander named Bradford) claims "knowingly" sold heroin
to kids. It appears that he wants to seek the death penalty (the CNN Poll
was running 2:1 in favor of death for dealers during the program). My guess
is that CNN cobbled together this show at the last minute, so it was
devoted EXCLUSIVELY to airing a hard line prohibitionist theme.

We should really let CNN hear about this. It's the kind of unbalanced
presentation which significantly sets back the cause of reform. It's the
worst recent example I can think of in which propaganda and news became so
inseparably intertwined.

Tom O'Connell



Dear Talkback Live

The inflammatory, uninformed, and biased show on the heroin deaths in Plano
Texas was a new high in inaccuracy for TalkBack Live and CNN. The people
who need to be tried for murder are federal prosecutors like Bradock and
others who continue to promote a failed, expensive and monumentally foolish
drug war and who have been responsible for the deaths of thousands of young
people and adults for decades. Heroin is dangerous and available to our
kids solely because of prohibition. If it were sensibly regulated,
accidental overdose deaths would be virtually unheard of.

The next time you do a show on drug matters please at least balance it with
representatives from Common Sense for Drug Policy or The Lindesmith Center
so a sensible policy which would have saved these childrens lives can be
discussed. Otherwise you're just as guilty as the government.

Also please get your producers to become aware of




so that you have at least a little accuracy to counter fools like Mr. Bradock

For this show at least you had all the strength of conviction and accuracy
of the National Inquirer. Shame on you.


Mark Greer
Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc.
d/b/a DrugSense

Plano Drug Crackdown Targets Heroin Dealers (WFAA In Texas,
An ABC Affiliate, Says Plano Police And The Drug Enforcement Administration
Arrested 29 Alleged Local Heroin Dealers And A Federal Grand Jury
Has Charged Them In Connection With Some Of The Heroin-Related Deaths
Of 14 Young People In Plano, Threatening Them With Mandatory Minimum
20-Years-To-Life Sentences - Plus Background From A Local Correspondent)

From: adbryan@onramp.net
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 18:19:45 -0500 (CDT)
Subject: MEDIA ALERT: Plano Drug Crackdown
To: dpft-l@tamu.edu, drctalk@drcnet.org, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

They busted a bunch of freakin' kids, most of whom were heroin addicts.

See: http://www.wfaa.com/news/9807/22/heroin_bust.shtml

Thanks to Tom for the tip on the way CNN mishandled the situation. I
guess that's to be expected.

I just watched the ABC Evening News and they are continuing their
anti-drug warrior ways. They made a big deal about the DEA wanting
to charge these kids with distributing a drug that caused a death
which can double the 10-year sentence.

Those on the west coast can catch the ABC Evening News. The rest
of you that are interested should tune in Nightline, TONIGHT. It
will cover the Plano bust.

Chief Glasscock wants to charge them with murder. He thinks anyone
that distributes drugs that kill are murderers. I wonder if Glasscock
has the balls to go after liquor store owners?

This is the story from the website listed above. It's the local ABC
affiliate WFAA. Email is -- 8listens@wfaa.com.


Plano Drug Crackdown Targets Heroin Dealers

For comprehensive coverage, watch Channel 8
News at Daybreak, Midday, 5, 6 and 10pm.

Eight of the 29 people who have been arrested in the Plano drug
crackdown. (WFAA-TV)

PLANO, July 22 -- Federal authorities have announced a large-scale
crackdown on drug traffickers in Plano -- a Dallas suburb where heroin
use has taken at least 14 young lives.

The parents of four Plano heroin overdose victims now know who allegedly
supplied the deadly drug.

Plano Police and the Drug Enforcement Administration arrested 29 alleged
heroin dealers in an unprecedented case to hold them responsible for the

A federal grand jury in Sherman indicted them for conspiracy in the
deaths of 20-year-old Milan Malina; 19-year-old Wes Scott; 19-year-old
Rob Hill; and 16-year-old Erin Baker.

The alleged drug pushers face a minimum 20 year prison sentence up to
life under a little-used federal law.

The father of Wes Scott says his son was -- in effect -- murdered.
"Hatred. Hatred doesn't even come close to the way I feel," said Larry
Scott. "The people at the top, as I understand it, are not users.
They're in it strictly for the money. They're in it strictly for the
human misery they provide to other people at a price."

Investigators traced Plano's supply of black tar heroin to the opium
poppy fields of Mexico.

Two natives from a village near Acapulco have already been convicted on
lesser charges of running the deadly operation.

Ecliserio Martinez, 37, was the chief of smuggling.

Salvadore Piņeda, 26, distributed to all of Collin County.

They walked it across the border hidden in hollowed-out boot heels.

>From a house in a quiet McKinney neighborhood, the DEA says Piņeda and
Martinez made $30,000 a week.

Narcotics agents seized enough heroin there to supply 110,000 doses.

"They were killing a community," said DEA Special Agent in Charge Julio
Mercado. "It was like PacMan. They were just eating these kids slowly."

Plano narcotics officers and a homicide detective teamed up to back
track the heroin from each victim.

Piņeada's organization supplied distributors operating out of what was
known as the "Blue House" in east Plano, according to the indictment.

It's been re-painted since police shut it down and arrested six dealers
now accused of contributing to the overdose deaths.

They allegedly supplied open air heroin markets run out of apartments in
the heart of Plano near Central Expressway.

The last links in the heroin supply chain to the victims flowed through
ten young adults from Plano, Allen, and Dallas according to the

In the case of Wes Scott, he was allegedly supplied with heroin to snort
at a party by two former classmates from Plano Senior High School:
19-year-old John Aaron Pruett and 20-year-old John Hughes Woodward.

Pruett is also accused of supplying the deadly overdose to 16-year-old
Erin Baker.

Pruett's parents have said that he, too, was a victim of drug addiction.

The indictment accuses Pruett of being a significant distributor.

The DEA says the young people were long-time dealers trying to get other
teenagers hooked on heroin.

"There comes a point where someone has to accept some responsibility,
and if they don't show any interest in rehabbing or serious about
getting clean, throw the book at them," said Larry Scott. "Throw the
book at them. And that would include my own son, Wes -- if he were

Reporter: Robert Riggs
Last update: Wednesday, July 22 at 02:05 PM

Police Mistook Officer's Shot As Hostile Fire During Raid, Source Says
('The Houston Chronicle' Suggests There May Be No Legal Recourse
For The Family Of Pedro Oregon Navarro, Who Was Killed By Houston Police
Last Week Who Entered His Apartment Without A Warrant In Search Of Drugs
He Didn't Have And Shot Him Nine Times In The Back After He Was Already
Felled By Other Shots)
Link to earlier story
From: adbryan@onramp.net Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:11:28 -0500 (CDT) Subject: ART: Police mistook officer's shot as hostile fire during raid To: dpft-l@tamu.edu, drctalk@drcnet.org, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG Cc: editor@MAPINC.ORG Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org This story can be used as a prime example of everything that is wrong with a war on drugs -- no-knock, bad informant, incompetent law enforcement, etc. 7-22-98 Houston Chronicle http://www.chron.com viewpoints@chron.com *** Police mistook officer's shot as hostile fire during raid, source says By S.K. BARDWELL Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle A mistaken belief that a Houston police officer had been hit by hostile fire during a drug raid prompted the barrage of gunfire that killed a 22-year-old suspect, an HPD source told the Chronicle on Tuesday. Pedro Oregon Navarro never fired the handgun found in his apartment after he was shot to death by police last week, the source said. A shot fired by one of the officers in the raid hit a fellow officer in his bullet-resistant vest and knocked him to the floor. Officers apparently thought the shot had been fired by Oregon, prompting police to open fire on the suspect, the source said. Police fired more than 30 shots at Oregon. Autopsy findings released Monday showed Oregon was hit by 12 shots, nine of them fired into his back and from above him. New details of the incident were revealed Tuesday by a police source, who asked to remain unidentified. Members of the gang task force assigned to the Southwest Patrol Division arrested a man with narcotics in his possession late Saturday, the source said. That suspect told the officers he bought the narcotics from a man in Oregon's apartment and offered to help them arrest the man in return for not being arrested himself. The narcotics suspect knocked on Oregon's door while the gang task force officers hid outside, the source said. When the door was opened, the officers, all in full HPD uniform, ran inside. Gang task force members ran after Oregon but found the door to the bedroom he had gone into locked. Officer Lamont E. Tillery kicked the bedroom door open. When the bedroom door opened, one of the officers shouted that Oregon had a gun. About the same time, the gun held by the officer behind Tillery went off, the bullet striking Tillery and knocking him to the floor. The other officers, thinking Tillery had been shot by Oregon, opened fire. Under Texas law, though, it may not matter whether Oregon fired a weapon or not, Harris County District Attorney John B. Holmes Jr. said Tuesday. Holmes said earlier that the gang task force officers, who have been relieved of duty while the matter is investigated, probably had no legal right to enter Oregon's home without a warrant. As Holmes pointed out then, however, while Texas law allows a person to resist unlawful deadly force with deadly force, it does not allow a person to resist a search or arrest by a peace officer, even if the search or arrest is unlawful. Holmes said he has received many calls and letters, "some of them pretty hateful," from outraged people who apparently did not understand that he was only quoting the law, not expressing his personal view. "Most of the people are influenced ... by the fact that the officers made an entry that hindsight tells us was not lawful, in my personal view, and I'm no lightweight when it comes to arrest, search and seizure," Holmes said. But the law dealing with resistance to unlawful search or arrest was discussed at length by the legislative committee that revised the penal code in 1974, Holmes said. The committee ultimately decided "that it was preferable to have citizens and cops fighting about the lawfulness of what they do in the courtroom rather than on the street or in the building or in the home, because the citizen is going to lose nine times out of 10," Holmes said. "I don't know what happened out there," Holmes said. "I can imagine a scenario where they're justified. I can imagine a scenario where they're not. "What I truly feel in my heart of hearts is these guys had no idea what they were doing," Holmes said. "One of the things that could be acknowledged here is how smart the police chief's rule is," Holmes added, referring to Police Chief C.O. Bradford's order that all informants used by narcotics or vice officers be registered with the department. "Narcotics investigation is a specialized kind of police work," Holmes said. "I don't want some burglary and theft detective investigating my killing, and I would prefer not to have patrol officers ... working narcotics cases. "That's why I suspect they developed the rule that they did with regards to working informers and that kind of stuff," Holmes said: "It's a good rule and this, I think, points out why it should be followed." Evidence collected in the case will be presented to a grand jury, Holmes said, adding it probably will be presented to a new panel that will be seated Aug. 1.

Arresting Officers Followed Rules (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Houston Chronicle' By Houston District Attorney John Holmes
Defends The Killers Of Pedro Oregon Navarro)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 10:03:44 -0700
To: maptalk-digest@mapinc.org
Sender: owner-maptalk-digest@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/
Subj: LTE: Arresting officers followed rules [says DA]
From: adbryan@onramp.net
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:54:28 -0500 (CDT)

Here's one from Houston D.A., "Long" (we're talkin' mustache) John Holmes.

Holmes states, "Each of the officers conducting the arrest were
dressed in Houston Police Department blue uniforms".

Can't I purchase one of these uniforms from the local police supply store?

Houston Chronicle


Arresting officers followed rules

I read the July 18 Viewpoints letters ("HPD's lethal Rambo-ism") and was
disturbed that some members of the public believe the rule about using
deadly force came from my play-book.

However, the Texas Penal Code provides that the use of force against
another is not justified to resist an arrest or search that the actor
knows is being made by a peace officer, or by a person acting in a peace
officer's presence and at his direction, even though the arrest or
search is unlawful, unless the resistance is justified under Subsection

Subsection (c) provides that the use of force to resist an arrest or
search is justified if, before the actor offers any resistance, the
peace officer (or person acting at his direction) uses or attempts to
use greater force than necessary to make the arrest or search; and when
and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is immediately
necessary to protect himself against the peace officer's (or other
person's) use or attempted use of greater force than necessary.

In the case of Pedro Oregon, [killed in a police raid at his home] (Page
one, July 17, "Cops may have had right to shoot; DA speaks about deadly
home raid"), I am unaware of any evidence suggesting that the persons in
the residence did not know the entry was gained by police officers.

Each of the officers conducting the arrest were dressed in Houston
Police Department blue uniforms.

The Legislature has provided criminal penalties for anyone who prevents
or obstructs a police officer from affecting an arrest or search, even
if that search was unlawful.

If the actor uses a deadly weapon to resist an arrest or search, it is a
felony of the third degree in accordance with the law.

John B. Holmes Jr.,
district attorney, Harris County

DARE Program Could Lose Federal Funding Under New Policies
('The Dallas Morning News' Says Many School Districts In Texas And Elsewhere
Around The United States May Have To Rreplace Or Rethink Their Drug Education
Programs Over The Next Two Years Because The US Department Of Education
Has Labeled The Program Ineffective)

From: adbryan@onramp.net
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 06:54:01 -0500 (CDT)
Subject: ART: D.A.R.E. program could lose federal funding
To: dpft-l@tamu.edu, drctalk@drcnet.org, maptalk@MAPINC.ORG
Cc: editor@MAPINC.ORG
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

If the DMN is printing a negative DARE story on PAGE 1,
its days must be numbered.

Dallas Morning News


Some anti-drug efforts called ineffective
D.A.R.E. program could lose federal funding under new policies


By Gayle Reaves / The Dallas Morning News

Many school districts in Texas and around the country may have to
replace or rethink their drug education programs over the next two years
because of recent action by the U.S. Department of Education.

The federal agency has just said no to spending hundreds of millions of
tax dollars on programs deemed ineffective in keeping kids off drugs.
This year, the government will spend $556 million on anti-drug programs,
including $40 million in Texas, through its Safe and Drug-Free Schools

The most widely used program in Texas schools could be affected by the
new policies. The controversial D.A.R.E. program - Drug Abuse Resistance
Education - is used in more than half of Texas school districts but did
not make a list of programs researchers have labeled effective in
reducing or preventing drug use among young people.

D.A.R.E., used in Plano and several other North Texas districts, has
been criticized as ineffective and too restrictive. It is funded by a
variety of sources, but the $345,000 spent annually by its statewide
group to train police officers to teach its program comes from federal

The main program used in Dallas schools isn't on the list, either, but
officials said it shouldn't be affected because it does not use federal

Law Enforcement Teaching Students - or LETS - was developed by the
Dallas Police Department and Dallas school officials. Several other area
school districts also use it.

"This is going to impact most of what everyone does," in terms of school
anti-drug programs, said Kay Beth Stavley of the Texas Education Agency.

Under rules that went into effect this month, the Department of
Education will require school districts and other agencies that receive
federal money to prove within two years that their programs reduce drug
use among students.

School districts will have to tackle the tough job of scientifically
justifying their current programs; choose programs that have already
been accepted as effective; or find a new source of funding.

Schools that don't use federal money or those that already use proven,
effective programs won't have to change, said Ms. Stavley, Texas
coordinator for the Safe and Drug-Free Schools program.

For others, "the reality is that schools need to seriously rethink what
they're doing, really look at where their dollars are going, what's the
best use of their funds," she said.

The education agency has given school and state officials a list of
programs that experts say have been proven effective by testing and
research. Education officials stress their list is partial and
preliminary, intended only as a guide to school officials.

D.A.R.E. leaders say they have been consulting with federal education
and Justice Department officials about what it would take to get their
program on the recommended list.

"We are putting in place research to prove our effectiveness," said Dave
Williams, statewide coordinator of the Texas D.A.R.E. Institute.

Officials with Fort Worth and Arlington, which use D.A.R.E., say they
are reviewing their participation in that and other drug programs.

"All our drug programs will be reviewed except those found to be
research-based," said Roy Griffin, coordinator of drug prevention
programs for Fort Worth schools. His district uses a variety of
anti-drug programs in various grades, including D.A.R.E., which is paid
for by the Fort Worth Police Department.

When proven programs are available, he said, he questions continued use
of curricula that may not work.

"If you know there's something that works and you're not using it, whose
fault is that?" he said. "It's like saying we're going to try a new
reading program for two years. If it doesn't work, we've lost two years
of teaching children to read."

William Modzeleski, director of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, said the
U.S. education agency became concerned "as we began to see drug use
[among young people] go up again after decreasing for a decade, going up
for four or five years in a row. We wanted to take a careful look at how
our dollars are being spent."

The effort to make drug programs accountable comes at the same time as a
new $195 million government anti-drug advertising campaign that is
delivering stark messages about the dangers of drug abuse through
newspapers, the Internet and broadcast media. Experts said it may take
as long as three years to determine this effort's effectiveness.

For federally funded programs in U.S. schools, Mr. Modzeleski said,
grant recipients must move beyond rating programs by popularity to
judging them by results.

In North Texas, school officials, police officers and parents whose
children have been through various anti-drug programs talked about how
well-received the programs are and how beneficial they thought it was
for police officers and students to interact in school. But they had
little grounds for comparing programs and little hard data about how the
programs affected drug use.

"I really feel the kids need all the kinds of information they can get,
wherever they can get it," said Brenda Barnes, whose daughter, Lindsey,
participated in D.A.R.E. at Short Elementary in Arlington.

"I know Lindsey talked real often about the police officers who taught
the program. I would rather my kids find out these kinds of things
through a great source than on the streets."

D.A.R.E. is only one of many programs that could be affected by the new
federal policy. But long-standing criticisms of D.A.R.E. are in part
responsible for the new policy.

Launched in 1983 in Los Angeles, D.A.R.E. is the largest and oldest and
one of the best-known drug education programs operating in American
schools. D.A.R.E. says its program is taught to 26 million U.S.
schoolchildren and 9 million in other countries. The set curriculum is
taught, usually in fifth grade, for an hour a week for 17 weeks by
uniformed police officers.

Plano Officer Jody Privett, a D.A.R.E. instructor, said the presence of
uniformed officers is one of the program's strengths.

"The way most people I know in D.A.R.E. look at it is, any prevention
[effort], whether D.A.R.E. or some other class, is great," he said.

But numerous studies over the last several years have found D.A.R.E. and
many other programs have done little or nothing to reduce or prevent
drug abuse by children and teens.

D.A.R.E. officials take exception to those studies. At the same time,
they say they are commissioning their own studies to show it does get

In Texas, "we're doing a sampling evaluation," said Mr. Williams of the
state D.A.R.E. Institute. The study, by an outside firm, will look at
drug use by children who have taken D.A.R.E. classes compared with those
who haven't.

Other critics object to D.A.R.E.'s use of student pledges to abstain
from all drugs and alcohol and the program's teaching that drug use of
any kind is bad.

Larry Nickerson of Fort Worth said his daughter, in a discussion of
other school matters, volunteered that she didn't like D.A.R.E. because
of the required pledge and because "the D.A.R.E. people continually harp
on not using drugs and she already knows that, so why do they keep
saying this over and over?"

Mr. Nickerson said he dislikes D.A.R.E. and would like to see the nation
rethink all of its drug policies. He said he had not discussed his
feelings with his daughter.

College student Lee Johnson, 21, took D.A.R.E. classes in sixth grade in
a small town in Illinois. During the course, she said, rumors circulated
that the instructing officer was himself a drug user. According to local
newspaper articles, the officer resigned after being suspended and
investigated for "improprieties" amid allegations of marijuana use.

When she has kids, Ms. Johnson said, she will not let them participate
in D.A.R.E.

Of more than 40 kids in her sixth-grade class, she said, "I don't know
of any kid . . . that didn't try drugs at least once. And some, maybe
half, sell and/or use today. And I don't live in L.A. or anything. I
live in your typical small-town U.S.A."

She said she believes her classmates' decisions about drugs were
influenced by what happened to their D.A.R.E. instructor.

"A lot of what I heard was, 'How can you believe in something when the
person teaching you is doing the opposite?' " she said.

A number of cities, school districts and police departments around the
country have dropped D.A.R.E. because of concerns over its lack of
proven results and other issues.

"D.A.R.E. is an excellent program," said Sgt. Brent Caughron of the
Cedar Hill Police Department. But the city now uses other programs

Dallas police Sgt. Mike Marshall credits D.A.R.E. with being a
groundbreaker, "the program everybody learned from."

But after a few years of the early anti-drug programs, he said, police
and school officials "found we were educating some very smart drug
users. We were teaching kids how to recognize drugs, how to use them.
Over a period of years, we decided that wasn't the best thing to do."

LETS, used most in Dallas schools, was developed about 12 years ago to
incorporate more "life skills," which D.A.R.E. also now includes.

He said he has been told LETS "is one of the few programs taught in
schools that consistently gets outstanding reviews for quality and
content. But as to whether they [those schools] have an increase or
decrease in drug use, I don't know."

A quote from one of the scores of Web sites concerning D.A.R.E. sums up
the problem in measuring drug abuse prevention and the attitude toward
such measurement that the Department of Education rules seek to address.

"How do you prove a crime was prevented? How do you prove D.A.R.E.
classes kept youth from using drugs?" the D.A.R.E. supporter wrote. "How
do you catch a moonbeam?"

Not everyone is convinced that the new federal guidelines will bring
about substantial changes.

Glenn Brooks is director of justice programs for the criminal justice
division of the Texas governor's office, which distributes about $8
million of the federal drug education money.

"I've been around state and federal stuff a long time," he said. "This
may turn out to be wonderful or it may turn out to be nothing."

DARE Ends At Keller District School ('The Fort Worth Star-Telegram'
Says Keller, Texas Police Chief Bill Griffith Made The Announcement,
Saying Recent Studies Have Shown The Program Is Effective Only If Taught
At All Grade Levels, Which The Keller Police Department Does Not Have
The Money To Do)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:52:18 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US TX: D.A.R.E. Ends At Keller District School
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX)
Contact: letters@star-telegram.com
Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/
Author: Matt Frazier Star-Telegram Staff Writer
Note: Matt Frazier, (817) 685-3852, frazier@star-telegram.com


KELLER -- There will be no Drug Abuse Resistance Education program at Fossil
Hill Middle School in the 1998-1999 school year, police officials said.

Also, Keller Police Chief Bill Griffith's plan to replace D.A.R.E at Bear
Creek Intermediate School has been put on hold for at least a year, although
his plan to house a juvenile services substation at Keller Middle School
appears to be on track, he said yesterday.

Fort Worth police said that they will continue to teach D.A.R.E at Chisholm
Trail Intermediate School, but that they cannot afford to continue the
2-year-old program at Fossil Hill Middle School.

"We are downsizing the unit," said Sgt. D.L. Morton, D.A.R.E. unit
supervisor for the Fort Worth Police Department. "Instead of having one
full-time [officer] and one part-time [officer], we will just have one
full-time officer. It's an expensive program."

Griffith complained about D.A.R.E.'s cost in June when he asked Keller
district trustees to consider replacing the program at Bear Creek
Intermediate School.

"We can create a different program that would cover 12 years," Griffith told
trustees. "What we are looking at is expansion."

Keller police teach D.A.R.E. to fifth-graders. Griffith said recent studies
have shown that the program is only effective if taught at all grade levels,
which the Keller Police Department does not have the money to do.

School district officials said the district needs a more developed plan
before dumping D.A.R.E.

"Our plans at this point in time are to continue with D.A.R.E for this year
and have our curriculum people work with him [Griffith] to write a new
curriculum for next year," Superintendent Charles Bradberry said. The Keller
Police Department does not have enough money to continuing teaching D.A.R.E.
to Bear Creek Intermediate School's expanding fifth grade, so during the
1998-99 school year the department's officer now working at Keller High
School will spend two days a week at the intermediate school, Griffith said.

Griffith said he is committed to setting up a juvenile services substation
and holding facility at Keller Middle School.

The facility will not be a jail, but a room approved by the state as being
safe and proper to detain children "until their parents arrive," he said.

"We will have one sergeant and one investigator there and an approved
holding facility," he said. "I'm very committed to the personal contact
between the students and police officers."

Extensive Prison Raid Turns Up Little in Joliet ('The Daily Southtown'
In Illinois Says 235 Tactical Officers And 13 Drug-Sniffing Dogs
Searched Joliet Correctional Center Tuesday Turned Up Three Handmade Weapons
And Two Inmates' Urine That Tested Positive For Cannabis Metabolites -
Two Visitors Were Arrested On Unspecified Charges)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:48:24 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US IL: Extensive Prison Raid Turns Up Little in Joliet
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Daily Southtown (IL)
Contact: dstedit@interaccess.com
Website: http://www.dailysouthtown.com/
Pubdate: Wednesday, July 22, 1998


One of the largest prison raids ever in Illinois found very little contraband.

"I think we've established our goal to make Illinois prisons a drug-free
and safe place," Corrections Department spokesman Nic Howell said Tuesday
after 235 tactical officers and 13 drug-sniffing dogs descended on the
Joliet Correctional Center.

Officers found three handmade weapons and arrested two visitors. Drug tests
were given to 339 inmates; only two tested positive, both for marijuana.
Seven others refused to take the test and were reprimanded.

By contrast, in a May search at the medium-security Henry Hill prison in
Galesburg, 25 inmates tested positive for drugs and 31 others either
refused to take the test or were unable to provide a sample.

Some Residents Questioning Police Tactics In Dealing With Teens
('The Bangor Daily News' In Maine Shows How The Local War
On Some Drug Users Disturbs The Peace, Sows Discord
And Alienates Young People)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:00:00 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US ME: Some Residents Questioning
Police Tactics in Dealing With Teens
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: The Bangor Daily News (ME)
Contact: bdnmail@bangornews.infi.net
Website: http://www.bangornews.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Walter Griffin, Of the NEWS Staff


CAMDEN - Just as the town is divided over recent police actions, so is the
Board of Selectmen over the idea of forming a task force to review Police
Department policies. The selectmen voted 3-2 this week to create a task
force to review police policies in the aftermath of public complaints about
the way the department conducted a drug bust last month. Some in town
deplored the methods used, others commended police for working to keep the
town drug free.

The daylight raid on a Norwood Avenue apartment resulted in one adult being
charged with selling marijuana. Four local high school boys were also
inside when police forced their way into the smoke-filled house. The police
were heavily armed and wearing bulletproof vests. Forty packages of
marijuana were found in the apartment. The occupants were unarmed.

One of the teen-age boys present in the apartment told his parents police
were rough with him and cursed him and his friends during the bust. David
Clark, the 19-year-old charged with drug dealing, had arrived in Camden a
few months ago after being acquitted of attempted murder in Philadelphia.

The way the drug bust was handled outraged not only the parents of the
teen-agers, but also parents of many of their high school classmates.

A formal complaint filed by one parent against the police is being reviewed
by an independent, outside investigator. In addition, some parents held an
open forum at the First Congregational Church last week in an attempt to
resolve what they perceive as a growing gulf between the police and the
community's youth.

''We believe that our police force is taking an adversarial stance in many
situations and rather than be models of ethical behavior, helping and
safe-guarding the public, they have adopted belligerent attitudes and
language,'' a group of 40 parents told selectmen in a prepared statement.

Although no one is saying so publicly, it appears that a perception is
growing among area youth that the police have been handcuffed by the
parental criticism. Officers are being cursed on a regular basis and, last
weekend, two had the path of their cruiser blocked by a group of seven
young people on the public landing. Langston Beram, 20, of Warren was
charged with obstructing a public way and failure to disperse, but Sgt.
Glen Wakefield and Patrolman Alan King allowed the other youths and
juveniles to walk away.

Selectmen Brian Keefe, Peter Gross and Leonard Lookner agreed the task
force was necessary. Sid Lindsley and John French were opposed to the

French called the decision an emotional reaction to a nonexistent problem.
He said that while ''there may be some room for community relations''
within the police department, a full review of existing policies was

''I think this is too emotional right now and things need to settle down,''
French said. ''They are going about this for all the wrong reasons. If
we're going to have a community-wide look at the police, maybe we should
have a community-wide look at some of these parents. People have to take
responsibility for their children.''

Police Chief Terry Burgess, although leery about the task force, pledged to
assist its members. Burgess said Tuesday that the department's policies
were open for anyone to review and questioned the need to involve an
outside group.

''My objection is based on the fact that I don't have a good understanding
of what they want the task force to accomplish,'' Burgess said. ''Too often
people come forward because they have an issue. I think the makeup of this
group is going to be crucial to its ability to be objective. I guess we'll
just have to wait and see.''

The civilian task force is expected to look into police policies and
procedures, including the use of armed force in carrying out police duties.
The parents also want it to address the department's attitude toward

''This group of concerned citizens has not taken the task of approaching
the Board of Selectmen on the matter of the current attitude and posture of
the Camden Police Department lightly,'' the parents stated. ''This group is
not made up of disgruntled parents who want their kids to get away with
anything. We fully realize and expect that our children must obey the law,
and that when they are caught breaking the law, we expect that they will
have to pay the consequences. Our intent is not to polarize our community
but to demand strong ethical behavior in policing. It is a difficult

As selectmen view it, the task force will be composed of 10 to 12
residents. Interested residents may apply to serve on the panel by
notifying the town office by the end of next week. The selectmen will then
name the members and give them their instructions at their August 17
meeting. The task force will be given a specific period of time to complete
its work and then will be disbanded, according to Town Manager Roger Moody.

''The words I heard most were attitude and culture,'' Moody said after the
meeting. ''Right now I'm not sure what police policies relate to those
broadly defined issues or what attitudes are involved.''

Pro-Marijuana Event Slated For Second Year ('The Daily Gazette'
In Schenectady, New York, Publicizes The Woodrock '98 Festival
Set For August 8 In Ephratah)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:41:45 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US PA: Pro-Marijuana Event Slated For 2nd Year
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk
Source: Daily Gazette (Schenectady, NY)
Contact: gazette@dailygazette.com
Website: http://www.dailygazette.com
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Jim McGuire - Gazette Reporter


Woodrock '98 set for Aug. 8 in Ephratah; host hopes police will be more

EPHRATAH - While achieving a measure of fame, Ina Kurz raised the blood
pressure of her neighbors last summer when she hosted "Woodrock '97," a
pro-marijuana festival.

The promoter plans a repeat of the festival, but added she is hoping for a
peaceful gathering.

"Woodrock '98" will kickoff about noon Aug. 8 on the grounds of her
Rockwood General Store at the intersection of routes 20 and 10.

"I'm not a quitter. I think it's a good cause," Kurz said Tuesday,
explaining her decision to organize a second festival. "Marijuana is not a
harmful drug," she asserted, arguing it should be decriminalized.

With five rock bands, vendors and an appearance by Thomas K. Leighton, the
Marijuana Reform Party's candidate for governor, Kurz is predicting better
attendance this year.

Last year, authorities were expecting as many as 10,000 people. Sheriff
Thomas J. Lorey, anticipating a possible calamity, set up a command post in
this western Fulton County town and deployed off-duty deputies to maintain

Kurz claimed about 2,500 patrons came and went throughout the day, but
Lorey estimated attendance of several hundred.

This year, he said, Woodrock will not run up the department's overtime pay
budget, "Due to participation at last year's event, we'll keep a normal
patrol in the western part of the county. If they disturb the peace,
though, and get out of hand like they did last year, we will take the
appropriate steps," Lorey said.

Lorey shut down Woodrock '97.

Giuliani's Drive Against Methadone Called Unlikely To Prevail
('The New York Times' Says That New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani
Continued For A Second Day His Attack On Methadone Treatment,
But Many Experts And Government Officials Pointed Out He Had Little Power
To Do Anything)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:43:32 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NYT: Giuliani's Drive
Against Methadone Called Unlikely to Prevail
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: nama@interport.net (Joycelyn Woods)
Source: New York Times
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Ian Fisher


NEW YORK -- As Mayor Rudolph Giuliani began a second day of attacks on
methadone treatment, many experts and government officials said that he
could, in reality, do very little to force a retreat from the synthetic
drug that has been widely prescribed for 30 years to blunt heroin cravings.

While roughly 40,000 heroin addicts receive methadone in New York City, the
mayor has no control -- financial or regulatory -- over the programs that
serve the vast majority of those addicts, experts say.

Dr. Luis Marcos, president of the city's Health and Hospitals Corp., said
the city was re-evaluating its drug treatment programs in the few places
where it has direct authority, in the city jails and public hospitals. And
even if the mayor's ability to act was limited, he seemed to relish
repeating his condemnation of methadone, which he first expressed Monday in
apparently impromptu remarks, saying its use simply replaced one addictive
drug with another.

He pushed aside criticism from many experts on addiction and fears from
former heroin addicts themselves and said abstinence was a more "moral" and
"decent" way to cure heroin addiction.

"I don't get offended any longer when people call me crazy," Giuliani said
at a news conference, responding to the attack from one doctor. "But I
wonder about a doctor running a methadone program who, when a mayor raises
the idea that we should end methadone, which is a way of keeping people
dependent, describes my idea as crazy."

Aside from the broad attacks on methadone, its cost and its supporters, the
mayor and other city officials did not elaborate on what exactly he might

Marcos, who runs the public hospital system, said that his department has
already started to adjust the goals of its drug treatment programs, and
that abstinence would become the city's new measure for success in treating
heroin addiction, just as it is for treating alcoholism.

He said that if not enough former heroin addicts were also able to quit
taking methadone, the city could stop offering it in drug programs in
public hospitals and jails, where the treatment is partly paid for by the
state and federal governments.

"It could be that one day we decide to stop offering methadone because we
consider we are not helping people and it is not ethical to provide a
service just because we are getting reimbursed," Marcos said.

But the numbers of people in these city programs underscored just how
little control Giuliani has over most methadone programs around the city.
The city pays directly for just one methadone program, which serves 4,300
prisoners a year in the city jail system, accounting for a scant 10 percent
of those taking methadone in New York City. The city could withhold
methadone from those addicts.

The city also serves 2,000 more people in 5 drug treatment programs in
public hospitals, and could stop providing methadone there. But those
patients are paid for mostly with federal and state dollars and would be
free to join other private programs.

About 34,000 more people receive methadone in 122 private programs licensed
and regulated by the state, not the city. This year, all the programs,
except the one in the jails, were paid for largely by a combination of
$30.6 million in direct state money, and another $103.2 million in Medicaid
money, which is paid for from federal, state and local governments,
according to the state Department of Health.

Although New York City contributed $25.8 million in local Medicaid money,
state health officials said the mayor could not stop paying for methadone
because Medicaid regulations require that it be covered.

The city does not "have the option to tailor Medicaid benefits," said
Frances Tarlton, a spokeswoman for the state Health Department.

Several drug addiction experts accused the mayor of playing politics with
the issue of methadone and overlooking what they contend are the benefits
of the drug: people on methadone, they say, are less likely to commit
crimes or contract HIV and more likely to be employed.

"I'm extraordinarily surprised to find that any public high-ranking
official of either party does not know of the 30 years of scientific and
clinical research documenting the safety and effectiveness of methadone
maintenance treatment," Dr. Mary Jean Kreek, who helped develop methadone
in the 1960s, said in a telephone interview.

"To deny treatment would be turn people who are able to work back into
potential street criminals," added Dr. Kreek, who heads the Laboratory of
the Biology of Addictive Diseases at Rockefeller University in New York.

Joycelyn Woods, executive vice president of the National Alliance of
Methadone Advocates, who has been taking methadone for 25 years, said she
was afraid the mayor's comments might make it harder to get the drug she
says helped to rebuild her life.

"This is a lifesaving medicine," said Ms. Woods, who has earned a master's
degree since overcoming heroin addiction. "To have it taken from you like
this, and to see somebody like the mayor say it, is like a knife in your

But even if many addiction experts condemned Giuliani, several did not,
saying that methadone treatment does indeed cost too much, and that many
people stay on it for years and remain addicted to other drugs.

"I think the mayor, even though he may not have meant to get into this area
quite this way, is really on the right track in the sense of wanting to get
at that large number of people who are really stuck and not making
progress," said Dr. Mitchell Rosenthal, president of Phoenix House, a
network of treatment facilities that do not use methadone. "In that sense,
I think he may be making a real contribution to rethinking this aspect of
public policy."

Giuliani's War On Methadone (A Staff Editorial In 'The New York Post'
Says That, Whether Methadone Should Be Gotten Rid Of Or Not,
New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani Is Right About Requiring
Those In Treatment To Work)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:46:06 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NYPost: Editorial: Giuliani's War on Methadone
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: nama@interport.net (Joycelyn Woods)
Source: New York Post
Contact: letters@nypost.com
Website: http://nypostonline.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998


Mayor Giuliani ignited a minor storm this week when he launched into an
attack on methadone, the synthetic analgesic widely used to dull the
effects of heroin withdrawal. The mayor blasted a treatment method that, he
said, focuses more on maintaining people on methadone than on encouraging
them to stop using drugs altogether.

No longer will participants in drug treatment programs be excluded from
workfare, the mayor said. And he wants to end the distribution of methadone
in New York City altogether within a few years.

The mayor was immediately blasted by the drug-treatment community, which
has been handing out methadone for more than three decades and made it a
public-policy sacred cow. There's no reason it should be beyond debate and

Methadone is at the heart of a $50-million business in New York. Of the
115,000 authorized methadone "slots" nationwide, 43,000 are in New York
state (the overwhelming majority in the city). There's good reason for
this; it's one of the few treatment programs withany record of success. The
problem is that the record isn't a very good one studies show it varies
between 20 and 30 percent.

People invoke the term "drug treatment" as though it were a cure-all
solution to the drug problem. In truth, drug addiction has so far defeated
rational efforts at treatment, even a simple substitution system like

Some drug-treatment experts think the methadone system needs an outright
overhaul in any case. Mark Kleiman of UCLA says one reason methadone
remains popular, despite the availability of substitutes thought to be
superior (such as LAAM), is because it is easily traded on the black market
for other drugs.

Whether methadone should be gotten rid of or not, the mayor is right about
requiring those in treatment to work. Many methadone patients lead
middle-class lives indistinguishable from those of their non-drug-using
neighbors. Treating heroin addicts as though they are the same as people
with severe physical disabilities is an act of moral condescension. The
mayor has done a service in bringing this critical issue to the public's

Methadone Works, Usually (Even Arch-Prohibitionist Dr. Sally Satel,
In A 'New York Times' Op-Ed, Thinks New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani
Is Being Extreme In His New Campaign To Prohibit Methadone Maintenance

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 13:36:26 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NYT: Satel: Methadone Works, Usually
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: nama@interport.net (Joycelyn Woods)
Source: New York Times
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Sally L. Satel


Mayor Rudolph Giuliani alarmed drug policy experts on Monday when he said
he wanted to abolish all methadone programs for heroin addicts in New York
City. Methadone, he said, merely replaces one dependency with another. In
fact, he is both right and wrong to take this position.

I say this because I work in a methadone clinic and know the drug's
considerable benefits and shortcomings.

First, the benefits. I have treated many addicts who function perfectly
well as long as they take methadone daily. They are at our clinic at 6:30
A.M. so they can get to work by 8 A.M. This is not the way heroin addicts
act; it's the way people who need a life-saving, if habit-forming, medicine

Now, the downside. Methadone may quell a person's craving for heroin, but
it doesn't prevent the desire to get high when he or she is feeling bored,
depressed or anxious. Of the patients on methadone, a third or more will
also use cocaine or street sedatives, like Xanax. Indeed, sometimes the
money they save by not buying heroin is used to buy cocaine.

In this way, methadone can actually promote drug abuse. And many clinics
are too tolerant of methadone patients who use other drugs. Not only does
this make a mockery of the individual patient's treatment, it also hurts
the credibility of the clinic in the eyes of other patients, who see that
the staff cannot control the problem.

So, here are some suggestions for the Mayor.

First, don't alter the treatment of anyone on methadone who is doing well
-- working, caring for children, obeying the law. I'd even make it
available in pharmacies for specially approved patients. (This is already
taking place in some cities.)

Second, create more intensive residential treatment slots for hard-core
addicts. If there were more residential programs, like Phoenix House, then
maybe methadone treatment wouldn't be so crucial. The catch? Methadone
programs cost $3,000 a year; residential programs cost upward of $20,000.

Moreover, Medicaid doesn't pay for residential programs, but it does pay
for methadone, even when patients don't give up their other drugs.

Third, we clinicians need help. My methadone patients clean up their acts
when they understand there are real consequences for using drugs. For
instance, a mother who lost her welfare check when her youngest child
turned 18 had to get a job -- and she stopped using cocaine. Another addict
started testing negative for drugs when his employer started drug
screening. Addicts who continue to use drugs need to know that their habit
might take away their workfare check, for example, or kick them out of
public housing.

But neither workfare nor better residential treatment can rid us of the
need for methadone treatment altogether. Those who find that using
methadone is the only way they can lead a responsible and satisfying life
should not be prevented from taking it.

Sally L. Satel is a psychiatrist who works in a methadone clinic in Washington.

Hemp May Be The Answer (The Editor Of 'The Lebanon Enterprise'
In Lebanon, Kentucky, Says Industrial Hemp Could Solve
Some Of Kentucky's Agriculture Woes In The Future)

Date: Wed, 29 Jul 1998 07:27:53 +0000
From: pfx (jahemp@DAFFODIL.InfoChan.COM)
Reply-To: pfx@DAFFODIL.InfoChan.COM
Subject: CanPat - Fwd: Hemp May Be The Answer - KY Editorial
Sender: owner-cannabis-patriots-l@teleport.com

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 18:07:00 -0400
From: Joe Hickey (agfuture@kih.net)
Subject: Hemp May Be The Answer - KY Editorial
The Lebanon Enterprise
Lebanon, Kentucky
July 22, 1998
Page A4



Hemp could solve some of Kentucky's agriculture woes in the future.

At least that's what a University of Kentucky report shows.

The research by the schools College of Business and Economics tells
that the crop could make a positive impact in Kentucky.

Allowing farmers to grow hemp could bring money and jobs to the

The final figures show that the crop could bring in as many as 771
jobs and $17.6 million in workers earnings.

Those numbers don't include the money that farmers could make as
profits from industrial hemp.

With the recent government intervention into tobacco growing and
sales Kentucky will almost assuredly be looking for an alternative crop
at some point.

Tobacco's future looks bleak and no crop can even come close to
bringing the money to the farmer that it does.

But hemp would bring more than any other crop that is currently
raised in the state except tobacco, according to the report.

There is a significant difference between the profit from tobacco
and from hemp. But hemp would still be a better choice than anything
else that we currently grow.

The profits from hemp range from $220 per acre for the crop grown
for grain only to $600 per acre for hemp grown for certified seeds.

That compares to $1,500 for burley tobacco.

Other crops returns don't fare as well. The closest to hemp would be
round bale hay, wheat and no-till soybeans and barley and no-till
soybeans as a double crop.

Researchers used information on hemp that came from other countries
where the crop can still be legally grown.

It was once legally grown in Kentucky and was quite successful.

During the 1800's Kentucky accounted for about half of the national
industrial hemp production in the country.

The crop continued to be a strong provider for the state until after
World War II, according to the report.

It was after the war that people became concerned about hemp because
of a related crop - marijuana.

The two crops are related, but hemp has extremely low levels of THC,
the compound that makes people feel high.

But because of the similarities of the crop the federal government
banned growing both of them.

Some involved in law enforcement believe allowing hemp to be grown
could make it easier for pot to be grown along with it.

That is a problem that would need some research before we turn to

But other countries have allowed hemp to continue to be grown
legally. The report doesn't mention what, if any, effect growing hemp
has had on marijuana in those countries.

Information from the report certainly should make us all take a
second look at hemp as a new crop for the state.

We're going to need something for farmers in the future.

Hemp could be part of the answer.

Teresa Rice
Editor/General Manager
(502) 692-6026

Appeal Of Search, Conviction Results In New Trial (The Fayetteville,
North Carolina, 'Observer-Times' Says The State Court Of Appeals
Ruled Tuesday A Woman Is Entitled To A New Trial Because Clinton Police
Didn't Have A Warrant When They Looked For Cocaine In A Soda Can
In Her Home)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 11:54:37 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US NC: Appeal of Search, Conviction Results in New Trial
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Fayetteville (N.C.) Observer-Times
Contact: http://www.fayettevillenc.com/foto/news/opinion/ltrmsg.htm
Website: http://www.fayettevillenc.com
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Mark Stinneford Raleigh bureau


RALEIGH -- A woman is entitled to a new trial because Clinton police didn't
have a warrant when they looked for drugs in a soda can in her home, the
state Court of Appeals ruled Tuesday.

Sheila Ann Joyner was sentenced to six to eight months in prison last year
after being convicted of the possession charge and of running a drug house.

Evidence included 3.4 grams of cocaine that an officer pulled from the can,
court documents say. Superior Court Judge James D. Llewellyn denied a
defense motion to suppress the evidence.

Joyner's arrest came after police responded to a domestic violence call at
her home in October 1996. She and her former boyfriend were arguing as
police arrived. The boyfriend, identified only as 'Wilson,' told officers
that Joyner had been selling drugs in front of her children. The man
pointed out the soda can and said drugs were inside.

Drug evidence

A bag of a green leafy substance was on top of the can, court documents
say. Sgt. Timothy King identified the substance as marijuana. He
subsequently reached into the can, removed a peppery substance and then a
rock-like substance that turned out to be cocaine, according to documents.

The court ruled that the action did not fall under conditions for allowing
a warrantless search because the cocaine was not in sight of officers nor
was the search necessary to protect evidence from being destroyed.

The state argued that the search was valid because the marijuana and a pile
of cash were in plain view of the officers. The state said officers already
had enough evidence to arrest her for possession based on the marijuana and
the search was incidental to the arrest.

Bill Aims To Reduce Drug Flow To USA (An 'Associated Press' Article
In 'USA Today' Says Senator Mike DeWine Of Ohio And Representative
Bill McCollum Of Florida, Both Republicans, Have Introduced Legislation
To Spend $2.6 Billion Over The Next Three Years To Reduce The Amount
Of Illegal Drugs Coming Into The Country By 80 Percent With 10 Radar Aircraft
To Monitor Airspace Over Peru, Bolivia And Colombia, Plus An Airbase
At An Undisclosed Location)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 01:47:16 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Bill Aims To Reduce Drug Flow To USA
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Paul Lewin
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Source: USA Today (US)
Contact: editor@usatoday.com
Website: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nfront.htm
Author: Associated Press


WASHINGTON - Two Republican members of Congress plan to introduce a bill
Wednesday to spend $2.6 billion over the next three years to reduce the
amount of illegal drugs coming into the country by 80%.

The bill, by Sen. Mike DeWine, R-Ohio, and Rep. Bill McCollum, R-Fla.,
includes $430 million for 10 radar aircraft to monitor airspace over the
three major cocaine-producing countries - Peru, Bolivia and Colombia.

The Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act also would set aside $300
million for a new U.S. airbase to support counternarcotics efforts in the
Caribbean, northern South America and the Pacific coast of Central and South
America. No site has been chosen for the proposed facility.

The money, if approved by Congress, would be added to $51 billion to be
spent on the drug war over the next three years.

"Our objective is not to take away from other areas," DeWine said. "We're
not here saying we should do less in treatment and education."

The USA will also buy equipment and aircraft for other countries. For
example: $72 million for six helicopters for the Colombian National Police,
and $7 million for X-ray machines to scan for vehicles carrying drugs on the
main highway out of Bolivia's cocaine-producing region.

McCollum and DeWine say financing is needed because lower priority has been
given to stopping drugs from leaving producing countries and the destruction
of crops.

While the amount of money spent for eradication and interdiction has
remained steady, it has fallen as a percentage of total anti-drug spending.

DeWine said interdiction efforts throughout the years "have been off and on."

As part of the drug war, the U.S. Defense Department earmarked $504.5
million for interdiction in 1992, but that fell to $214.7 million in 1995.

That cut led to a reduction in flying hours by AWACS aircraft from 38,100
hours in 1992, to 17,713 in 1996, DeWine said.

At the same time, "there's not a ship, there's not a plane" patrolling the
Pacific coast of Central and South America, McCollum said. The Drug
Enforcement Administration says that 57% of the estimated 291 metric tons of
cocaine smuggled into the USA each year comes from that area.

Bob Weiner, spokesman for the Office of Drug Control Policy, said, "The
administration strongly supports interdiction and that's why there's a 9%
increase in the budget for interdiction this year." President Clinton has
asked for a 12% increase in interdiction funding next year.

Weiner said a second issue is "where is the money coming from for this
proposal. We haven't seen a specific answer on that and we need to find out.
. . . In addition, we have to be sure we're getting the biggest bang for the

By The Associated Press

Hill Group Offers Plan To Stanch Drug Flow
('The Washington Post' Version)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 00:40:59 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Hill Group Offers Plan to Stanch Drug Flow
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Henry (resist_tyranny@mapinc.org)
Source: Washington Post
Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm
Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: Douglas Farah


$2.6 Billion Sought For Aircraft, Vessels

Accusing the Clinton administration of doing too little to stem the flow of
cocaine and heroin to the United States from Latin America, congressional
Republicans yesterday proposed a $2.6 billion effort that they claim would
reduce the traffic by 80 percent in three years.

The plan, unveiled by Sen. Mike DeWine (R-Ohio) and Rep. Bill McCollum
(R-Fla.), calls for the money to be spent on strengthening interdiction
efforts in the Caribbean region as well as along the Pacific coast of
Central America and Mexico. Bills that would implement the proposal will be
submitted in both the House and Senate today.

"The great untold story in recent years is the decline in interdiction
efforts," DeWine said, noting that spending on drug-use prevention programs
and anti-trafficking efforts in the United States has tripled since 1987,
while funding for interdiction has risen less than 20 percent.

Part of the reason for that, law enforcement officials say, is that the
Clinton administration chose to focus on blocking the transshipment of
drugs across the Mexican border and on expanding efforts to reduce the
demand for drugs at home rather than concentrating on reducing the supply
from drug-producing regions.

The Republican lawmakers, who have been joined in the Senate by Democrat
Bob Graham of Florida, say that funding for the effort would not come at
the expense of domestic prevention programs or law enforcement. Beyond
saying that House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) had promised to include
funding for the plan in a supplemental appropriations bill later this year,
however, they did not specify where the money would come from.

McCollum said the expenditure is necessary to intercept drugs before they
reach the United States and that the plan would greatly enhance the
capabilities of the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Coast Guard and
the Customs Service to track and interdict illegal drug shipments. While
most of the money would be spent on equipment, some would be targeted at
improving intelligence-gathering functions, he said.

McCollum said law enforcement officials in the United States and across
Latin America had told him they could reduce the flow of drugs to the
United States by more than 50 percent within two years if they are given
the necessary resources. "The Clinton administration calls for a 50 percent
reduction in 10 years," McCollum said. "That is unacceptable; we are
calling for an 80 percent reduction in three years and think that is very

Robert Weiner, spokesman for the Office of National Drug Control Policy,
said the administration "supports interdiction as part of a comprehensive
strategy to fight drug trafficking, but let's see where the money comes
from." Weiner said the plan's sponsors had yet to say how they would fund
the program and that the proposed allocation did not take into account that
the administration had increased funding for interdiction by 9 percent in
the past year.

DeWine said a large, quick infusion of money is necessary because Pentagon
funding for interdiction operations dropped by 57 percent from 1992 to 1995
-- $505 million to $215 million. During the same time, he said, the Coast
Guard's interdiction budget shrank from $444 million to $301 million. As a
result, DeWine and McCollum said, there are no radar systems to monitor
planes carrying cargoes of illegal drugs and no interdiction capabilities
along the Pacific coast from Peru to California.

"There is not a ship, not a plane out there," McCollum said.

Of the proposed expenditures, $580 million would be used to buy 20 P-3B
early-warning aircraft, and $300 million would be allocated to build a U.S.
military base at a site in Latin America that has not yet been selected.
The new outpost would replace U.S. bases that are being closed in Panama as
a result of the Panama Canal Treaty, which calls for all U.S. property
there to be turned over to Panama by the end of next year. An additional
$289 million would pay for six new Coast Guard patrol vessels.

Teen Anticrime Programs With Religious Base To Get Aid
('The Philadelphia Inquirer' Says President Clinton, Inspired
By A Boston Program Credited With Reducing Youth Killings,
Plans To Announce Today That He Is Awarding $2.2 Million To Groups
In 16 Cities, Including Philadelphia, That Have Been Working To Stem Crime
Among Juveniles - No Congressional Approval Is Required,
And Constitutional Qualms Will Be Avoided By Giving The Money
Not Directly To Religious Organizations But Rather To Groups
That Are Affiliated With Them)

Date: Fri, 24 Jul 1998 10:32:42 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: US: Teen Anticrime Programs With Religious Base to Get Aid
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: blackbox@bbox.com (Jim Galasyn)
Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA)
Contact: Inquirer.Opinion@phillynews.com
Website: http://www.phillynews.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Author: By Jodi Enda


WASHINGTON -- President Clinton is reaching out to religious-based
organizations to help battle youth violence, gangs and truancy by promoting
positive values, White House officials said yesterday.

Inspired by a Boston program credited with reducing youth killings, Clinton
plans to announce today that he is awarding $2.2 million to groups in 16
cities, including Philadelphia, that have been working to stem crime among

While the dollars are relatively few for a government program, officials
said it was an attempt by the White House to try a new, creative way to
tackle a growing problem.

"It isn't much money; it's the innovation," said Rahm Emanuel, a top
adviser to the President.

The new crime-fighting program is minuscule compared with the $250 million
Clinton requested from Congress under a more comprehensive juvenile-crime
bill that remains bottled up in the Senate. Emanuel said Clinton's latest
proposal was part of a "patchwork" of things the President was trying to do
to circumvent a Congress that, he contended, is unwilling to take on the
National Rifle Association.

Under the new Values-Based Violence Prevention Initiative, which does not
require congressional approval, organizations in each of the 16 cities will
receive $135,000 for antiviolence programs. The groups are to use the money
to offer youths alternatives to guns and crime.

The Philadelphia recipient of the Justice Department money is United
Neighbors Against Drugs, led by Sister Carol Keck, director of the Norris
Square Neighborhood Project.

Money will also go to organizations in Miami; Detroit; Kansas City, Mo.;
Los Angeles; Chicago; Washington; Baltimore; Indianapolis; Seattle;
Portland, Ore.; San Antonio, Texas; Richmond, Va.; Charleston, S.C.;
Salinas, Calif.; and Hempstead, N.Y.

Each of these cities already participates in other anticrime programs to
track illegal gun traffickers, combat juvenile gun use, and crack down on

Clinton asked Emanuel and Attorney General Janet Reno to devise a plan for
the new program last month after reading about the successful partnership
between clergy members and community and law-enforcement officials in

Because of constitutional requirements separating church and state, Emanuel
said, the money will go not directly to religious organizations but rather
to groups that are affiliated with them.

Death Toll Mounts While Government Searches For Votes
('The Vancouver Province' Discusses The Political Situation In British Columbia
And Its Relation To The 201 People In The Province Who Have Died
In Heroin-Related Incidents In The First Six Months Of This Year,
A 37-Per-Cent Increase Over The Same Period Last Year)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: Canada: Editorial: Death toll mounts while gov't searches for votes
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 15:16:33 -0700
Lines: 82
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Vancouver Province
Contact: provedpg@pacpress.southam.ca
Pubdate: July 22, 1998
Author: Jim McNulty

Death toll mounts while gov't searches for votes

The latest figures on drug-overdose deaths in B.C. are out, and it comes as
no surprise to learn that this enormous problem is steadily getting worse.

In the first six months of this year, 201 people across the province died
from drug overdoses, a 37-per-cent increase over the same period last year.
In Vancouver, 116 people died from overdoses between January and June, 38
more than died in the first half of last year.

"If things keep up at this rate, there may well be over 400 deaths this
year," warns Larry Campbell, B.C.'s chief coroner. Meanwhile, the rate of
HIV infection among injection-drug users in Vancouver's downtown east side
continues to be among the world's worst.

The toll of this carnage, both in human and financial terms, is staggering.
And yet the federal government and its provincial and municipal cousins
continue to ignore repeated calls for bold action to reverse the trend and
start saving lives.

Ottawa's own Canada Drug Strategy identifies substance abuse as "primarily
a health issue," but the Chretien regime refuses to deal in any substantive
way with pleas from experts to allow the legal prescribing of heroin to
addicts. Perversely, it pushes on with a criminal-based "war on drugs"
while at the same time acknowledging that it hasn't worked.

Heroin is prescribed to addicts in parts of Switzerland and England, where
the approach is successful in reducing drug-related crime, boosting
employment among addicts, and getting users off the street and into a
medical setting to deal with the addiction.

Dr. Campbell wants it in B.C., as does his predecessor Dr. Vince Cain.
Others calling for it include provincial health officer Dr. John Millar,
the Health Officers Council of B.C., and former Vancouver deputy police
chief Ken Higgins.

The federal Liberals and provincial NDP, fearful of the politics involved,
have responded by wringing their hands and tossing the drug "file" back and
forth like a ping-pong ball.

"The community that is dying traditionally does not cast a lot of votes,"
says Vancouver police Const. Gil Puder. "That's the fundamental problem.
The policy-makers do not really care a whole lot about these people."

Nor does a society that sits by while the death toll mounts, content to
write off addicts as losers and misfits. Until society at large starts
showing concern and pressures politicians to do the right thing, nothing
will happen.

This is a curious world we live in. Alcohol is legal in Canada, even though
the cost of alcohol abuse is far greater than that of illegal drugs.
According to the Canada Drug Strategy, alcohol abuse racked up $7.52
billion worth of health, social and economic costs in 1992, while illicit
drugs were far behind at $1.37 billion.

"The worst drug we encounter in our job as police officers is not cocaine
or heroin, as many people think, but alcohol," Vancouver beat cops Toby
Hinton and Walter McKay wrote in a recent article.

North America once tried to stop alcohol consumption, but prohibition was a
miserable failure. Now, drinking is considered to be normal behavior.

North America is still trying to stop drug consumption, but it is also a
miserable failure. We won't be able to eliminate drugs any more than we
could alcohol.

Drug abuse certainly can't be considered normal behavior -- but a change in
approach will at least allow health workers to treat addicts as sick
people, and start reversing the body count.

If we gave a damn, that is.

By everyone's account, resources to deal with addiction are woefully
inadequate, and yet Ottawa and Victoria managed to find $75 million each
for leaky-condo owners. When new stucco becomes a higher priority than
saving human lives, we're in big trouble.

An Officer And A Social Worker ('The Economist' In Britain
Portrays The US Drug Tsar, General Barry McCaffrey, And Comments On
The Government's New Billion-Dollar Drug War Advertising Blitz)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 16:54:33 -0700
To: maptalk@mapinc.org, drctalk@drcnet.org, november-l@november.org,
From: "D. Paul Stanford" (stanford@crrh.org)
Subject: UK: The Economist: Barry McCaffrey
Subj: The Economist: Barry McCaffrey
From: CRRH (crrh@crrh.org)
Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Newshawk: D. Paul Stanford (stanford@crrh.org)
Source: The Economist
Contact: letters@economist.com
Website: http://www.economist.com
Pubdate: Tue 21 Jul 1998
Author: Economist writers are anonymous

Lexington: An officer and a social worker

AMERICA'S drug tsar, Barry McCaffrey, has a one-theme CV. He is a general. He
is the son of a general. His own son is a major; his daughter holds the rank
of captain in the National Guard. He has three Purple Hearts, awarded for
wounds received in battle; he has commanded the biggest mechanised advance in
history, leading a pincer of 26,000 soldiers behind Iraqi lines during the
Gulf war, then slaughtering the retreating Republican Guard. In 1996, when Mr
McCaffrey got the job of drugs tsar, he brought his background with him:
several army buddies came along to help run his new command. So it is not
surprising when the general is described, as he was this week in the leading
Dutch newspaper, as "the old war-horse of the repressive American drug
policy". For who better than a career officer to pursue, with military
bone-headedness, America's self-defeating war on drugs?

Or so you might think, until you meet him; for this general turns out to
demonstrate that CV is not destiny. He has a predictable military demeanour;
he is a tough boss, a tough talker, a tough man to interrupt. But, for the
most part, the drug tsar's message is decidedly unmilitary. Rather than
mouthing the slogans of the "drugs war", Mr McCaffrey prefers a medical
metaphor: he describes drug abuse by one in 17 Americans as a "cancer".
Rather than pouring ever more money into military counter-smuggling efforts,
Mr McCaffrey prefers to emphasise unmilitary campaigns to rehabilitate drug
addicts. "We were promised a general and got a social worker," a Republican
has complained.

On July 9th Mr McCaffrey confirmed the unmilitary nature of his methods by
launching a new ad campaign, the biggest ever plotted by the federal
government. Over the next five years, American taxpayers will contribute $1
billion towards an anti-drug publicity blitz on television and radio, in
newspapers and on the Internet; private donors will match that. Mr McCaffrey
claims that the target audience-young Americans and their parents-will see
an anti-drug message four times a week on average. If corporate America uses
ads to sell sneakers and sodas, Mr McCaffrey reasons, then America's
government should use ads to drive down drug abuse.

And not just ads. Mr McCaffrey hopes that the publicity campaign will
energise thousands of community organisations-from schools to churches to
boy-scout groups-that might spread the anti-drug gospel. At the moment, the
drug tsar's office works with 4,000 local groups that help to put the word
out; it aims to expand its network to 14,000 soon. There are plans to recruit
22m small businesses to a drug-abstention effort. The army has already proved
that a determined employer can make a difference-over 50% of soldiers abused
drugs in the 1970s, compared with around 3% in 1995-and Mr McCaffrey aims to
repeat that success among civilian firms.

None of this will silence the drug tsar's many critics. Republicans love to
paint the Clinton administration as soft on drugs, so they will no doubt
deride advertising as a wimpish alternative to tough law enforcement - even
though the law-enforcement budget has not in fact been cut. Legalisers, for
their part, predict that the ads will prove as ineffective as other
strategies against drugs.

It is possible that the legalisers will be proved right. Ethan Nadelmann, an
articulate legaliser at George Soros's Open Society Foundation, recalls an
old anti-drug ad that showed an egg in a frying pan, while the voice-over
intoned: "This is your brain on drugs." After a while, the ad appears to have
backfired: teenagers wore T-shirts with fried eggs on them, mocking the ad's
cautionary advice. The same thing could happen to Mr McCaffrey's commercials.
One shows a drug-crazed but attractive woman smashing up a kitchen. It is
intended to make the effects of drugs look frightening. To some teenagers, it
may make the effects look cool instead.

And yet, even if Mr McCaffrey's ads prove wanting, it is hard to quarrel with
the idea that some kind of advertising makes sense. The case for
legalisation, which The Economist has long supported, is precisely that drug
abuse can be kept down by regulation and education; and that a ban on drugs
(which fuels the profits of crime syndicates) is therefore unnecessary. A
legal-drugs policy would certainly include publicity campaigns about the
ravages of addiction. Indeed the Dutch, whose liberal regime Mr McCaffrey
criticised recently, have waged such campaigns for years.

And so, by launching his own ad offensive, Mr McCaffrey has taken an
important step. Without legalising drugs, he is accepting some of the
legalisers' arguments: that it is impossible to burn all the coca crops in
Latin America or track down every secret airstrip in the Caribbean, and
therefore that the best way to discourage drug abuse is to tackle demand
rather than supply. Demand, moreover, is best reduced by persuasion, not
coercion. So long as people want drugs, coercion will swell the prison
population faster than it reduces drug abuse. This is why the general refuses
to speak of a "drugs war", a metaphor that encourages the delusion that abuse
can be eliminated by force, and talks instead of gradually reducing the abuse
rate from 6% to 3%. This is why he favours drugs courts, which offer
drug-abusing criminals the option of going into treatment instead of jail.

And yet, despite these concessions, the war of words continues between Mr
McCaffrey and his legalising foes. The reason is not hard to fathom. The drug
tsar mixes moderation with flashes of obstinacy, which makes people think he
is just a bone-headed general after all. He rails against the medical use of
marijuana; he refuses to support needle exchanges, which reduce the spread of
AIDS among addicts. If only this war hero could repeat the boldness of his
days in uniform, and press his advance into the legalisers' territory a bit

Copyright-The Economist Newspaper Limited-All rights reserved


We are working to regulate and tax adult marijuana sales, allow doctors to
prescribe cannabis and allow the unregulated production of industrial hemp!

Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp
CRRH ; P.O. Box 86741 ; Portland, OR 97286
Phone:(503) 235-4606 Fax:(503) 235-0120 Web: http://www.crrh.org/

New Plea On Youth And Drugs (According To 'The Sydney Morning Herald,'
The President Of The Law Society Of New South Wales Said Yesterday
That Juveniles Charged With Illegal Drug Offences Should Be Cautioned
Rather Than Sent To Prison, To Prevent Them From Being Drawn Into
The Criminal Justice System, Where They Were Likely To Become
Hardened Criminals)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 03:49:41 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: Australia: New Plea On Youth And Drugs
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Ken Russell
Pubdate: Wed 22 July, 1998
Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)
Contact: letters@smh.fairfax.com.au
Website: http://www.smh.com.au/
Author: Nick Papadopoulos


Juveniles charged with drug offences including possession of heroin should
be cautioned rather than being sent to prison, the president of the Law
Society of NSW, Mr Ron Heinrich, said yesterday.

Mr Heinrich said that reform was needed to prevent juveniles from being
drawn into the criminal justice system where they were likely to become
hardened criminals.

The State Government's "lock 'em up" approach was not working.

The call follows Victoria's decision to caution first-time offenders caught
with small quantities of cannabis, rather than automatically charging them,
following a successful six-month pilot program in the Broadmeadows district.

Mr Heinrich urged the Premier, Mr Carr, to introduce a similar program in
NSW and to monitor closely a pilot program being launched in Victoria which
would see first-time heroin users cautioned as well.

These "innovative" Victorian programs reflected a positive step towards
minimising the harm associated with drug use, he said.

The Law Society has already written to Mr Carr and to the Police
Commissioner, Mr Ryan, urging the extension of the cautioning and
conferencing scheme in the Young Offenders Act to include minor drug offences.

The offences would include the supply and possession of a prescribed small
quantity of prohibited drugs ranging from cannabis to heroin and cocaine.

Marijuana 'A Social Issue' (According To 'The Australian,' Dr Hugh Seward,
President Of The Australian Football League Medical Officers' Association,
Said Marijuana Is Not A Performance Enhancing Drug, And Defended
The League's Decision Not To Sanction Five Players Who Have Tested Positive
So Far This Year)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 19:07:44 -0500
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: AUSTRALIA: Marijuana 'A Social Issue'
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Henry (resist_tyranny@mapinc.org)
Source: The Australian
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Contact: ausletr@matp.newsltd.com.au
Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/
Authors: Andrew Ramsey and Brian Burke


MARIJUANA should not be included on the Australian Football League
list of banned substances even though five players have tested
positive to the drug this year, according to the league's leading
medical officer.

Dr Hugh Seward, president of the AFL Medical Officers' Association,
said that marijuana use was a social issue.

"It's not a performance-enhancing substance," Dr Seward said. "If
anything it would detract from athletic performance so it's not a
concern from a cheating point of view."

Professor Tim Stockwell, director of the National Centre for the
Research of Drug Abuse in Perth, supported the AFL stand, claiming it
was a moral issue.

"It's a controversial issue, but cannabis is not performance
enhancing," Professor Stockwell said.

"If the AFL was to punish players who tested positive to marijuana
would they consider banning players convicted of drunk driving, which
is arguably more dangerous to the community."

But the National Drugs and Research Centre said that the league
decision not to take action against the players involved was wrong
given that marijuana remained an illegal drug.

"The AFL is sending out a very damaging message to young people that
it's okay for some people to use marijuana but not okay for others,
and it's a message that's happening more and more," NDRC spokesman
Paul Dillon said.

Marijuana is listed as a class three prohibited substance by the
International Olympic Committee, which leaves individual sports
federations to decide whether they want to test for it.

An IOC task force was formed to consider whether marijuana should be
banned in the wake of the positive test by Canadian snowboarder Ross
Rebagliati at the Winter Olympics in Japan.

The AFL confirmed yesterday that five players, whose names and clubs
were not released, had tested positive to cannabinoids in the latest
round of screening conducted by the Australian Sports Drug Agency.

A spokeswoman for the AFL said that compared with two positive tests
in 1996 and one last year.

The spokeswoman said that the AFL had no plans to include marijuana on
its list of banned substances despite the latest results.

"With the number of positive tests that have come, and looking at that
in relation to its use in the general community, we don't see it as
widespread use among AFL footballers," the spokeswoman said.

Collingwood coach Tony Shaw said yesterday that he was opposed to
players using marijuana, and described smoking the drug for
recreational purposes as "totally unprofessional".

The AFL Players Association included the question of whether the drug
should be banned on a questionnaire circulated to members earlier this

Results of the survey are expected to be known in September.

Scottish Prisons Worst In UK For Drug Use ('The Scotsman'
Says The Soon-To-Be-Released Scottish Prison Service's Annual Report
Includes The First Results Of Random Mandatory Drug Testing
In Scottish Prisons, Instituted In March 1997, Which Show Up To 46 Per Cent
Of Prisoners Are Testing Positive For 'Drugs' In Their Bloodstream,
Compared To An Average Of Roughly 20 Per Cent Of English And Welsh Prisoners)

Date: Thu, 23 Jul 1998 02:02:41 -0400
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
Subject: MN: UK Scotland: Scottish Prisons Worst In UK For Drug Use
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: shug@shug.co.uk
Pubdate: Wed, 22 Jul 1998
Source: Scotsman (UK)
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com/
Author: Jenny Booth Home Affairs Correspondent


Scottish prisons have a drugs problem that is far worse than those in
England, according to random tests earned out on inmates. An average of
roughly 20 per cent of English and Welsh prisoners are testing positive for
drugs in their bloodstream, but in one of Scotland's jails the proportion is
as high as 46 per cent.

It is also believed that heroin is a much bigger problem in Scottish jails
than in English and Welsh prisons, where only 4 per cent tested positive for
opiates last year. In Scottish institutions, heroin use is believed to be
three times as high.

The figures emerged on the eve of the publication of the Scottish Prison
Service's annual report which includes for the first time the overall
results of random mandatory drug testing. or MDT which has been in place in
all Scottish prisons since March 1997.

According to information obtained by 'The Scotsman', the most drug-ridden
prison in Scotland is the 50-cell National Induction Centre, which lies
within the perimeter walls of Shotts Prison.

In mandatory testing, 46 per cent of the NIC's inmates - all of them serving
sentences of eight years and over for murder, rape. drug dealing and other
serious crimes - tested positively for controlled substances.

The NIC's governor. John Gerrie, has already acknowledged the high results
but pointed out that it had to be seen against a background of the hardened
nature of most of the prisoners and the fact they were coping with the
prospect of a very long time behind bars.

Just behind the NIC, on 45 per cent, came Dungavel prison, a semi-open
establishment which houses only offenders in low security categories who are
already part way through their sentence.

The jail, based in a Gothic shooting lodge which formerly belonged to the
dukes of Hamilton, was until recently an open prison where restrictions on
inmates were minimal.

Next comes Dumfries young offenders' institution, which takes criminals
under 21 who have committed more serious crimes, where 40 per cent are
testing positive for drugs - suggesting a very strong link between drugs and
serious offending among young people. Dumfries's results are nearly double
those for Polmont YOI, which takes young people serving shorter sentences.

Of the long-term male prisons it has been Glenochil which has in the past
acquired a reputation for high drug use, but in fact only 31 per cent of its
inmates are testing positive, compared to 37 per cent in Shotts, and 35 per
cent in Perth.

DrugSense Weekly, Number 56 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists)

Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 12:50:07 -0700
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: DrugSense Weekly July 22, 1998 No. 56




DrugSense Weekly

July 22, 1998, No. 056

A DrugSense publication




* Feature Article

Drug wars: Menace to America
by Tod Mikuriya, M.D. (PART 2)

* Weekly News In Review

The Ad Campaign-

	NYT OPED - Just Say $1 Billion

	Editorial - Brains on Drugs

McCzar Abroad-

	Dutch Rebuke U.S. Drugs Adviser

	Dutch Officials Say U.S. Drug Tsar Visit Useful

Winning the War on Heroin-

	Heroin's Grasp on Portland

	Epidemic of Heroin Sweeps Britain

	Australia - Heroin - Our $1.6Bn Habit

	Australia - Armed Hold-Ups Explode as Heroin Takes its Toll

	Sweden - Record Seizures of Heroin From the East

	Canada - Act on Drug Report, Urges PDA's Wilson

Law Enforcement-

	Scotland - Strathclyde Drug Squad 'Disbanded' After Inquiry

	Midsummer Night's March for Civil and Property Rights

	Arundel Revises Seizure Policy

	DEA Audit Reveals Poor Accounting Practices

	Agent's Wife Attacks His Alleged Mistress

	UK - Squaddies Ran UKP2.5m Drugs Ring

	3 Dutch Marines Arrested as Drug Smugglers


	Canada - Drug Turf up for Bids

	Switzerland - Drug Probe Implicates Salinas

	Colombia - Shaken by Rebel Gains, Colombia Turns More to The U.S.

* Hot Off The 'Net

New published letter archive
PDXNORML is back online

* DrugSense Tip Of The Week

The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT)

* Quote of the Week

Victor Hugo

* Fact of the Week

Incarceration Rates



Drug wars: Menace to America
by Tod Mikuriya, M.D.
(PART 2)

Editors Note: Part one of this article can be read in last weeks issue at:

Foreign policy

The economically irrational prohibitionist policy suborns the Monroe
Doctrine with the inadvertent empowerment of authoritarian regimes that
are hostile to the United States. Their hostility is beyond economic
control of the OAS or the World Bank since they are now funded by the
illicit drugs. Good-bye United Fruit. Hello unnamed successors to
Medellin and Cali cartels.

The Sendero Luminosa despite the capture of their leader and the
corrupt military in Peru has set back the emergence of democracy. The
Drug Enforcement Administration and their "advisors" continue to
aggravate the situation throughout Latin America.

Colombia continues to suffer terrorism and destruction of their
judiciary, the economy hammered by undercutting the coffee market.

Panama escalates the money laundering and transshipment. Business as
usual even though President George Bush captured General Manuel
Noriega, former friend, CIA and Drug Enforcement Administration
employee. Operation "Just Cause" perpetrated urban undevelopment and
"installation" (like a new motor in an old car) of a "new" government.

The Iran-Contra guns for drugs scandal continues to attenuate the
legitimacy and efficacy in both foreign and domestic policy. Besides
the embargo and mining of the tiny poor country of Nicaragua with
illegal support of the guerrilla army, Lt. Colonel Oliver North lied to
Congress to support former president Ronald Reagan and his vice
president George Bush, commander designate of the War Against Drugs.

Mexico continues to suffer U.S. raids and interference with their
government by the DEA. Border traffic continues to suffer disruption
and human rights abuses from the drug law enforcement.

American drug prohibition dims the future of democracy in the
hemisphere. America exports criminal mercantile opportunity.

Prohibitionism, the American Disease: Authoritarian Danger to Society

American recurrent Prohibitionism is a peculiar majoritarian auto
immune social disease regarded with perplexity by the rest of the
world. With all the exemplary features of America, this anachronistic
problem sadly detracts from world leadership.

American drug prohibition darkens the prospects for the country's
future. Demagogues facilitated by profit-driven special interest
groups create policy and laws that erodes evermore rights of their
citizens. Gradually, and by small increments what protections were once
taken for granted have disappeared.

Lulled into a narcotism induced by television and materialism, the
Trojan horse of authoritarianism bedecked with "patriotic" and
"conservative" heraldry has breached the gates of the city. Moralistic
armed clergy busily snuff out pockets of critical thinking- ever
striving to make the world safe for their profitable hypocrisy. The
alienating cynicism discourages any citizen participation in governance
to stop its decline.

Alexis de Toqueville's warning in Democracy in America of an all
pervasive tutelary power ruling through the manipulation of a
distracted materialistic populace looms as the reality of the next

We witness the worst of Brave New World and 1984 coming together in a
most painful confluence of localized and systemic infection of the body
politic- and society. The epidemic evil stupidity feeds on itself.

Right drugs Alcohol, nicotine, aspirin products, antihistamines,
antidepressants and aphrodisiacs are required staples while wrong drugs
cannabis, psychedelics, opiates, and amphetamines demand obligatory
condemnation. Unfortunately, truly wrong and garbled messages are sent
that inadvertently promotes wrong drugs to adolescents and perpetuates
the illicit use.




The summer of '98, only 1/2 over, has already seen more bad publicity
for the drug war than most entire years. The arrests and repression
continue; medical marijuana is a cruel joke, even in California, but
an increasingly harassed drug war high command continues to shoot
itself in the foot, and the drug war continues its unbroken record of


The Ad Campaign-



Big news the previous week, the Ad Campaign had generated the CNN
debate which snookered McC into making intemperate remarks about Dutch
policy (see below). In the meantime, press judgment of the ads
continued lukewarm, at best. Frank Rich's was ice cold.



THE advertising industry's newest clients are American taxpayers, who
may be forced to pay $1 billion over the next five years for a federal
anti-drug ad campaign with dubious effectiveness.


Pubdate: Mon, 13 Jul 1998
Source: Seattle-Times (WA)
Section: Editorials & Opinion
Contact: opinion@seatimes.com
Website: http://seattletimes.com/
Author: Seattle-Times
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n560.a03.html



If all the merchandising might of Hollywood couldn't make America's
teenagers buy "Godzilla," why does anyone think that a five-year, $1
billion government ad campaign is going to make kids swear off drugs?

Especially ads like these.


Source: New York Times (NY)
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998
Author: Frank Rich
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n574.a07.html


McCzar Abroad-



Before even leaving home for an 8 day European working visit, the czar
insulted prospective hosts in the Netherlands and Switzerland. He
added fuel to the fire with erroneous charges in a Swedish interview.
Although he softened his rhetoric by week's end, he never apologized
and shifted the blame to Interpol for any factual mistakes. Those of
us used to drug warrior rhetoric were not surprised. One wonders what
the Dutch thought; McC, speaking for the home folks, clearly doesn't



AMSTERDAM, July 14 (Reuters) - The Netherlands rebuked a top U.S.
drugs policy adviser on Tuesday for getting his facts wrong about Dutch
drug-related crime but said General Barry McCaffrey was welcome to
learn from the Dutch experience.


``The murder rate in Holland is double that in the United States,
McCaffrey told Swedish reporters.

The overall crime rate in Holland is probably 40 percent higher than
the United States. That's drugs.''


Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998
Source: Reuters
Author: Christine Lucassen
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n561.a11.html



AMSTERDAM, July 17 (Reuters)- The exchange of ideas on policy with the
United States' top drugs adviser was useful, despite a diplomatic row
in the runup to General Barry McCaffrey's visit, Dutch officials said
on Friday.

But they said Dutch and U.S. views on drugs remained far apart.


McCaffrey clashed with Dutch authorities earlier this week, calling
Dutch drugs policy a ``disaster'' and saying the murder rate in the
Netherlands outstripped that in the United States.

Although, according to the Dutch, his figures were based on
incorrect data, McCaffrey has not apologized for the error, arguing
the figures came from Interpol.


Source: Reuters
Pubdate: 17 Jul 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n581.a02.html


Winning the War on Heroin-



Many people were surprised to hear both the prez and the czar kick off
The anti-drug ad campaign with a claim that "drug use" had been "cut
in half," thus implying we just might be winning the drug war. That
delusion finds little support in last week's heroin news- either at
home or around the world.



* The Double Suicide Of A Couple Who Hanged Themselves From The Steel
Bridge Is A Glimpse Of A Dire Problem

Hanging themselves from Portland's Steel Bridge during rush-hour
traffic was not the way Michael Douglas and Mora McGowan first thought
they would end their heroin addictions.


In the 1980s, after Mexican black-tar heroin was introduced to the
Portland area, the drug claimed fewer than one victim a week. But in
recent years, the toll has increased steadily; heroin deaths last year
reached about three a week.

So far this year, the phenomenon has leveled off with 59 deaths
involving heroin. But authorities are quick to say that use of the
drug, especially in Portland, isn't waning at all.

Source: Oregonian, The
Contact: letters@news.oregonian.com
Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/
Pubdate: Sun, 12 Jul 1998
Author: Michelle Roberts of The Oregonian staff
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n565.a11.html



A NEW heroin epidemic is sweeping into many of Britain's towns and
cities as dealers target increasingly young teenagers for their trade,
a major Home Office study has discovered.

Record numbers of dealers are selling heroin in low cost 10BPD packages
in regions that had previously escaped the worst ravages of the drug.


Pubdate: Mon, 13 Jul 1998
Source: Independent, The (UK)
Contact: letters@independent.co.uk
Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/
Author: Jason Bennetto, Crime Correspondent
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n571.a01.html



Australia's heroin epidemic appears to have peaked but the effects will
be felt for years, with thefts to buy the drug estimated at up to $1.6
billion a year.


The main author of the study, Dr Lisa Maher, said she believed that the
epidemic, at least in Sydney, appeared to have peaked in 1995 and 1996
and that the take-up rate looked to be slowing.

"Like most epidemics it moves in cycles and this one appears to be
past its peak," she said.

While less that 2 per cent of Australians had tried heroin, Dr Maher
said, a 1996 survey of schools in south-western Sydney showed that in
one school 11 per cent of 13-year-old boys had tried heroin in the
previous year.


Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998
Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)
Contact: letters@smh.fairfax.com.au
Website: http://www.smh.com.au/
Author: Greg Bearup
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n584.a05.html



An increase in heroin use among the poor and the young is driving a
huge 44 per cent increase in armed hold-ups, which saw more than 9,000
people bailed up by gun, knife or syringe across the country last year.

The increase was even more stark in NSW, where hold-ups jumped by 67
per cent, or nearly 2,000.

The head of the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics, Dr Don Weatherburn,
said the nation-wide increase was the biggest "this decade, if not


Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)
Contact: letters@smh.com.au
Website: http://www.smh.com.au/
Pubdate: Thursday, 16, July 1998
Author: Greg Bearup
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a07.html



Heroin is one of the most feared drugs: the mortality among heroin
users is many times higher than among other drug users.

This year police and customs officials have uncovered record-breaking
quantities of heroin in Sweden; among other reasons thanks to stepped
up cooperation with the police in the former states of East Europe.
About 65 kilograms of heroin have been seized in Sweden this year. That
can be compared with 14 kilograms for all of 1997.


Source: Svenska Dagbladet (Sweden)
Contact: brevred@svd.se
Website: http://www.svd.se/svd/ettan/dagens/index.html
Pubdate: Mon, 22 Jun 1998
Author: Elisabet Andresson
Comment: Translated from Swedish
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n579.a04.html



The number of deaths from drug overdoses is heading to an all-time high
in B.C., says the leader of the Progressive Democratic Alliance. Gordon
Wilson told the legislature yesterday drug overdoses have taken the
lives of 201 people this year - more than one a day. He urged the
government to do something about the report of former chief coroner
Vince Cain, who called for a program that would decriminalize heroin
for known addicts.


Pubdate: Wednesday, July 15,1998
Source: The Province (Vancouver, B.C.)
Contact: provedpg@pacpress.southam.ca
Website: http://www.vancouverprovince.com/newsite/news-c.html
Author: Barbara McLintock
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n569.a03.html


Law Enforcement-



Those who believe that the drug war is corrupting law enforcement
found much support for that point of view in last week's news. Those
advising increased militarization as the answer were disappointed.



Officer Suspended Amid Allegations Of Drug Possession And Gross

A DRUGS squad detective has been suspended and the rest of the team is
reported to have been disbanded after an internal investigation was
triggered by an officer who tried to save himself the price of a first
class stamp.

Strathclyde police refused yesterday to confirm or deny reports that
other officers in the squad have been returned to uniform duties after
allegations of drug possession and gross misconduct by officers.


Source: Scotsman (UK)
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n559.a08.html



TONIGHT, they march.

Black. White. Young. Old. From East Madison to Pine. Down Pine to
Broadway. Past Oscar's, the family-owned tavern on bankruptcy's brink.
Past Deano's, where cops hand out cocaine to drug-addicted informants
instead of getting them off the street.


Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998
Source: Seattle Times (WA)
Contact: opinion@seatimes.com
Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/
Author: Michelle Malkin / Times staff columnist
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n568.a02.html



Cars won't be confiscated in simple drug cases; `Zero tolerance'

Chief Larry W. Tolliver ordered Anne Arundel County Police yesterday to
stop seizing cars in simple drug possession cases, a rollback of his
popular and controversial "zero tolerance" for drug trafficking.


In a written directive issued in March 1997, Tolliver told officers
to seize vehicles if anyone inside had drugs or if drugs were found
in the vehicle, regardless of who owned the vehicle, or whether the
owner knew of the drugs.


Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998
Source: Baltimore Sun (MD)
Contact: letters@baltsun.com
Website: http://www.sunspot.net/
Author: Tanya Jones, Sun Staff
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n569.a16.html



WASHINGTON (AP) - The Drug Enforcement Agency, stung twice this
year by revelations that its own workers stole millions of dollars,
has kept a sloppy checkbook, according to an audit that may explain
how it got scammed.

The audit concludes the main U.S. drug fighter hasn't been able to
``accurately and completely account'' for the property it owns, the
money that drug traffickers give undercover agents during sting
operations or the seized drugs it has on hand.

In fact, the DEA's accounting was so poor in 1997 that the private
accounting firm that conducted the audit under new government
accountability laws said it could not form an opinion as to whether
the agency's books are accurate.


Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Tue, 14 Jul 1998
Note: Headline by MAP Editor
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n562.a08.html



A federal prosecutor had told the indicted narcotics agent's spouse of
the affair.

The wife of a state narcotics agent charged in a drug-dealing scheme
has been accused of assaulting his alleged mistress, authorities said

Diane Parker, 42 a retired Orange County sheriff's deputy, had learned
of the alleged affair in court Wednesday when a prosecutor derailed her
plans to post his bail by telling her about the other woman.

Her husband, Richard Wayne Parker of San Juan Capistrano, a nine-year
veteran of the state Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement, was arrested July
2 on cocaine trafficking charges.


Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998
Author: Stuart Pfeifer and Jeff Collins
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a04.html



A MAJOR drugs trial which has badly damaged the reputation of one of
Britain's most famous regiments was drawn to a close yesterday.

Customs officials believe that the 18-month investigation, code named
Operation Cruiser, involved the smuggling into Britain of up to UKP12m
of heroin, ecstasy, amphetamines and cocaine by soldiers and former
servicemen with the 39th Regiment Royal Artillery.

During the trial, it emerged that more than UKP1m of drugs had been
found in two taxi cabs in Liverpool. In all, UKP2.5m of drugs were


Pubdate: Sat, 18 Jul 1998
Contact: letters@independent.co.uk
Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/
Author: Jonathan Foster
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n590.a11.html



THE HAGUE, Netherlands - Three Dutch marines involved in drug-control
efforts in the Caribbean have been arrested in connection with the
smuggling of close to 700 pounds of cocaine to the Netherlands.

The drugs were carried on a military plane that was normally used in
the anti-drug campaign in the Dutch Antilles, the islands off the
Venezuelan coast.


Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998
Source: New York Times News Service
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n573.a03.html





There's no good news for the drug war here, either, although the
RCMP-initiated break up of a multinational importing business sounds
good, even the police admit it won't make a significant difference.

Confirmation that the Salinas government was corrupt merely evokes
yawns, and Colombia continues to look more and more like the Viet Nam
of the Nineties.



Gangs might move in following Mafia arrests

With members of the country's biggest Mafia family now in custody, the
race is on for control of a major chunk of Canada's market for illegal

RCMP Sgt. Guy Quintal said yesterday there are a number of gangs that
might try to fill the void, including Asian gangs and biker gangs like
the Hell's Angels that already import and deal in drugs.

There is also the question of how much territory the Cuntrera-Caruana
family, some of whose key members were arrested Wednesday, will retain.


Source: Montreal Gazette (Canada)
Contact: letters@thegazette.southam.ca
Website: http://www.montrealgazette.com/
Pubdate: Fri 17 Jul 1998
Section: News A1 / FRONT
Author: Paul Cherry
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n580.a10.html



Swiss prosecutors looking into more than $130 million in suspected drug
deposits in Swiss banks have stumbled into a political minefield - -
claims by their witnesses that former Mexican President Carlos Salinas
de Gortari received drug money.

At least three witnesses have told Swiss prosecutors that their drug
cartels paid off members of the Salinas family, including the former
president, for protecting their activities in Mexico. The claims have
come up in the drug-money-laundering case against Raul Salinas, the
former president's brother.


Source: Seattle-Times (WA)
Pubdate: Wednesday, 15 July, 1998
Contact: opinion@seatimes.com
Website: http://seattletimes.com/
Author: Andres Oppenheimer, Knight Ridder Newspapers
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n568.a07.html



TRES ESQUINAS MILITARY BASE, Colombia - The scene is straight out of
Hollywood. A ruggedly handsome, tough-talking general in military
fatigues points to maps of coca fields, cocaine labs and guerrilla
strongholds in this jungle outpost in southwestern Colombia. The maps
are marked "secret" in red marker.


Although this exercise is merely for show, the reality is that Colombia
is at war, and, according to American intelligence, the enemy is
gaining. It was here three months ago, in the region of Caqueta, that
the military suffered its worst defeat at the hands of Marxist rebels
since the guerrillas took up arms in the mid-1960s. Sixty-seven
soldiers were killed.


Source: Chicago Tribune (IL)
Contact: tribletter@aol.com
Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/
Pubdate: 16 July 1998
Author: Paul de la Garza
Section: sec. 1, page 9
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n575.a02.html



Newly Updated Archive of Published Letters

Please visit the newly updated and improved archive of the hundreds of
letters and articles that have been published over the last three years
by our talented productive and hard working volunteer membership.

The archive will now allow you to list the published letters by year,
source and author.

The collection is rapidly approaching a thousand published letters that
have been printed in virtually every major newspaper and many magazines
nationwide. We have added a link to explain how we calculate the dollar
value of these "ads for reform" and the cumulative collection will soon
top a million dollars.

As we say often at DrugSense, writing a letter to the editor is one of
the most effective activities a serious reformer can engage in. See the
proof at:



Portland NORML is Back Online

DrugSense is proud to be the new home of the Portland NORML web site at

The site went down late Saturday or early Sunday during the changeover
from the old server. As of July 22, the new site location has not yet been
updated at Internic. We hope it will be restored within the next day or
so, but in the meantime you can access the complete site from:


Special thanks to Chuck Cavanaugh of Boise for his excellent volunteer work
redesigning the home page. Chuck recently established his own Web-page
design start-up at http://home.att.net/~sunfish5/




The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT)

The Drug Policy Forum of Texas (DPFT) is one of the model state based
reform organizations in the country. It has a an excellent and
coordinated group of reformers, a monthly newsletter, an excellent
Email chat list, and has embarked on numerous projects such as
reporting, letter writing and fact gathering on the Esequiel Hernandez
killing See:


All reformers that are Texas residents should belong to this worthwhile
organization and we encourage those of you who know anyone in the state
to pass along the good word.

The DPFT Web page can be viewed at


We are interested in, and in the process of, duplicating this reform
success story in other states around the country. If you are interested
in organizing a state based on-line reform group please contact Mark
Greer at MGreer@mapinc.org




`He who opens a school door, closes a prison.'
- Victor Hugo -




From Drug War Facts, http://www.drugsense.org/factbook.htm

At current levels of incarceration, newborn black males in this country
have a greater than 1 in 4 chance of going to prison during their
lifetimes, while Hispanic males have a 1 in 6 chance, and white males have
a 1 in 23 change of serving time.

Source: Bonczar, T.P. & Beck, A.J. (1997, March). Lifetime likelihood of
going to state or federal prison. (NCJ-160092). Washington, DC: Bureau of
Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.


DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers
our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can
do for you.

News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (tjeffoc@drugsense.org)
Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (mgreer@drugsense.org)

We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks.


In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior
interest in receiving the included information for research and
educational purposes.


Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug
related issue to editor@mapinc.org


DrugSense provides this service and many others at no charge BUT IT IS NOT

We incur a great deal of expenses in creating our many and varied
services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense
effort please make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to:

The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc.
d/b/a DrugSense
PO Box 651
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(800) 266 5759



The articles posted here are generally copyrighted by the source publications. They are reproduced here for educational purposes under the Fair Use Doctrine (17 U.S.C., section 107). NORML is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit educational organization. The views of the authors and/or source publications are not necessarily those of NORML. The articles and information included here are not for sale or resale.

Comments, questions and suggestions. E-mail

Reporters and researchers are welcome at the world's largest online library of drug-policy information, sponsored by the Drug Reform Coordination Network at: http://www.druglibrary.org/

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