------------------------------------------------------------------- Monday March To End Prohibition - September 7, 1998 (A Press Release From The Washington Hemp Education Network Says The Labor Day Rally In Seattle Will Focus On Prison Labor Issues) Return-Path: (firstname.lastname@example.org) Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 10:40:29 -0700 (PDT) From: turmoil (email@example.com) To: Undisclosed recipients: ; Subject: Press Release PRESS RELEASE: Monday March to End the Prohibition - September 7, 1998 What: March to End the Drug War Theme: Prison Labor Days When: 6:00 pm Monday, September 7th Where: Meet at Denny Park. March to Seattle Center. Contact: Tim Crowley - 206/389-6520 - firstname.lastname@example.org The theme of this march is Prison Labor Days. It is an aspect of the drug war many people don't understand. The Prison industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the U.S. Non-violent drug law offenders make perfect laborers. Most of them were gainfully employed before their arrest and incarceration. Many were supporting a family, that now fends for itself. These are just a few topics we'll address as we focus on Prison Labor. We are gathering in Seattle's Denny Park where we will listen to several speakers. Then we will march to the outskirts of Bumbershoot where we will distribute the new 1998 Washington Hemp Voter's Guide and other literature, and hear more speakers. We invite the public to come join us in the educational campaign. Stand up for your country. Now is the time for sanity to be restored in our decision making process. We invite the media to investigate the truth. Look at the November Coalition's website at www.november.org and the Washington Hemp Education Network's website at www.olywa.net/when to see what the Drug War is costing our society. Then help us by inviting the public to march with us.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gang Member Charged In Woman's Slaying (An 'Associated Press' Account Of A Murder Attributable To Drug Prohibition Says A $1 Million Arrest Warrant Has Been Issued For 19-Year-Old Joshua Christopher Robinson Of Seattle In The Shooting Death Of A Young Mother During An Argument Over Crack Cocaine) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-Hemp Talk" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Seattle drug prohibition murder Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:45:05 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Gang member charged in woman's slaying The Associated Press 09/04/98 9:40 AM Eastern SEATTLE (AP) -- A 19-year-old man has been charged in the shooting death of a young mother during an argument over drugs. A $1 million arrest warrant was issued for Joshua Christopher Robinson, who is charged with second-degree murder in the Aug. 18 slaying of Myishia Williams, 18, in the White Center area of south Seattle. Williams' father, Enoch Williams, 39, was wounded in the incident. The argument occurred after Enoch Williams approached four men and asked for some rock cocaine, prosecutors and police said. During the subsequent confrontation, Enoch Williams was armed with knives, and Robinson, described as a gang member, had a gun, they said. Myishia Williams, who wasn't armed, had her hands in the air when she approached Robinson, who raised his gun and shot her in the head, prosecutors said. Myishia Williams was the mother of a 6-month-old baby. She lived in Los Angeles and was visiting her father when she was killed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- High Court Nixes State DUI Trials For Sailors ('The Associated Press' Says The Washington State Supreme Court Ruled 5-4 Thursday In The Case Of Two Sailors Charged With Driving Under The Influence Of Alcohol That Defendants Who Are Tried And Punished Under Military Law Aren't Subject To Civilian Courts For The Same Crime - And Vice Versa, If The State Prosecutes First) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-Hemp Talk" (email@example.com) Subject: HT: WA High court nixes state DUI trials for sailors Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:45:27 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org High court nixes state DUI trials for sailors By DAVID AMMONS The Associated Press 09/04/98 2:58 AM Eastern OLYMPIA (AP) -- Washington's military personnel who are tried and punished under military law aren't subject to civilian courts for the same crime, a deeply divided state Supreme Court says. The court, by a 5-4 decision, upheld a district court's dismissal of drunken driving charges against two Navy enlisted men, James Ivie and Steve Taylor, in Kitsap County. In a sharply worded dissent, Justice Richard Guy and three other judges said Thursday's majority opinion by Justice Richard Sanders and four others was "legally unsound" and sure to have "unfortunate practical results." Guy invited the Legislature to step in and rewrite the law. The cases involved sailors who were hauled before "captain's mast" proceedings in 1996 after being pulled over by for drunken driving off base. Ivie also was cited for driving with a suspended license. Ivie was "busted" one pay grade, later suspended, and docked half of his pay for two months. The court record did not say what Taylor's punishment was. When prosecutors tried to pursue the cases in local civilian court, the judge threw them out. The Kitsap County Superior Court reversed the dismissal, saying the cases could go to trial, but the men appealed to the high court. The majority's bottom line: "As these defendants have already been nonjudicially punished by the United State military for the same offense that they are now prosecuted for in state court, state prosecution is barred." Sanders said that in 1909, the Legislature extended "double jeopardy" protection to ban prosecution of someone who has been prosecuted elsewhere for the same offense. That clearly includes the military, including the captain's mast proceeding, he said. Such proceedings count as a criminal prosecution and can carry punishment that includes jail time, confinement to bread and water, and loss of pay or rank, he wrote. "Unless double jeopardy has lost all meaning, a proceeding which threatens to impose imprisonment for a criminal violation certainly places the defendant in jeopardy," Sanders wrote. "If going to jail for a criminal violation is not punishment, what is?" But the dissenters said the military proceeding was an administrative hearing designed only for minor offenses, and does not constitute a criminal prosecution. The majority overlooks the views of the U.S. Supreme Court, the state court's own decisions and the intent of Congress, Guy said. The sailors in question were sanctioned by their commanders, but that's different from saying they were criminally prosecuted, he wrote. "Military commanders have the responsibility to maintain good order and discipline in their commands," he wrote. "They should be able to impose the flexible punishment available at a captain's mast without affecting the right of this state to call citizens to answer for crimes committed in the state of Washington." Guy invited the Legislature to overturn his colleagues, saying "legislators should exercise their power to further clarify what I believe was their original intent -- that only prior criminal prosecution, which does not include Article 15 military proceedings, will bar a subsequent criminal prosecution in this state." The court didn't indicate how sweeping the impact of the majority decision could be in a state with such a large military population. Sanders said in a footnote that it becomes an issue only if the military acts on a case before the civilian courts, "because in cases where the state punishes first, the military will honor the state prosecution as final and will not try the offender ...."
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Quiet Crusader - Jeff Jones Has Good Reason For Taking The Heat In The Medicinal Marijuana Battle (A Feature Article In 'The San Francisco Chronicle' About The 24-Year-Old Director Of The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, Flagship Of The Industry) From: BulldogUSA@aol.com Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 02:44:10 EDT To: email@example.com Subject: DPFCA: The Quiet Crusader - SF CRONICLE Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ The Quiet Crusader - Jeff Jones has good reason for taking the heat in the medicinal marijuana battle Thaai Walker Chronicle Staff Writer Friday, September 4, 1998 As the cancer stole his father away bit by bit, 14-year-old Jeff Jones would sit by his bedside in their South Dakota home and talk about fishing and camping and other ordinary things a boy might discuss with his father, as though time wasn't running out. Those are days that Jones, now 24, does not like to remember. But he forces himself to when he needs a reminder of why he has given up everything -- old friends, a college education, the regular worries of a young adult -- to become one of Northern California's leading crusaders for the rights of the ill and dying to use medicinal marijuana. Soft-spoken and shy, Jones, the co-founder and executive director of Oakland's Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, seems an unlikely person to be at the center of one of the biggest political battles in California. But in the almost two years since California's passage of Proposition 215, the law that legalized marijuana for medicinal purposes, Jones' cooperative has been labeled a model program and Oakland has willingly put itself at legal risk for the club by declaring it a city agency in an attempt to shield it from federal attempts to shut it down. ``Jeff has always made an attempt to be professional and has done everything he could to cooperate with the community, law enforcement, the medical community,'' says Dale Gieringer, coordinator of the California branch for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. The fate of Jones' club -- as well as clubs in Ukiah and the Marin County town of Fairfax -- is in the hands of U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer. On Monday, the judge rejected government arguments that the clubs should be shut down immediately for violating federal drug laws. A hearing on whether the case should go to a jury trial is scheduled for September 28. The clubs are allowed to remain open until then. But Breyer rejected the Oakland club's novel legal argument that it should be immune from prosecution because its staff had been designated as ``officers of the city'' by Oakland last month -- a status, attorneys for the club argued, that gave it protection under a provision of the Federal Controlled Substances Act. Oakland officials say that despite Breyer's ruling, the club will remain a city-sanctioned agency. ``If the cannabis club wasn't being operated as it is by Jeff, I would have some concerns,'' says Councilman Nate Miley. ``But I'm pleased to stand by this young man and put the full weight and authority I have behind him.'' As a show of support, the City Council also told police to make medical marijuana arrests a low priority and passed a policy that gives users of medical marijuana permission to store up to 1 1/2 pounds of it -- 24 times more than is allowed under state law. Not everyone is happy about the leniency afforded the Oakland club. City Manager Robert Bobb, Police Chief Joseph Samuels and Councilman Ignacio De La Fuente have said they consider the 1 1/2- pound policy too permissive. Officials of the U.S. Department of Justice declined to comment on Jones or the club. But 2,000 club members with AIDS, cancer, glaucoma and other ailments are delighted by what Jones has been able to pull off. ``He is putting his freedom on the line for us, the patients,'' says club member Ken Estes, a gaunt, ponytailed man who has been wheelchair-bound since a motorcycle accident 22 years ago. ``I have the utmost respect for him for that.'' Such sentiments weigh heavily on the lanky, boyish-faced Jones, who resembles those wholesome- looking missionaries who stand on street corners and politely but determinedly ask whether you've come to know the Lord yet. Jones is not a natural-born crusader. He speaks quietly and blushes easily. In high school, he was kicked off the debate team because he mumbled. ``Sometimes, I think, `You're only 24,' and it freaks me out,'' Jones says. ``I think, `What the hell am I doing?' '' For Jones, the daily worry isn't simply that the club's doors will someday be padlocked. As a named co- defendant in the federal suit against the club, Jones himself faces civil conspiracy charges. He worries that they may be upgraded to criminal and that he will end up in jail. In his hometown of Rapid City, S.D., word of what he is doing in Oakland has spread. Old friends have severed ties, saying they don't agree with his mission or that they are afraid of the federal attention he is attracting. After a story about Jones appeared in the local newspaper last year, the Rapid City mayor and sheriff threw an anti-marijuana rally. Marijuana was never discussed when Jones' father, Wayne, was dying of cancer. First it invaded his kidneys and then his lungs; he slipped from a hearty 200-pound man to a 100-pound silhouette of his former self in a matter of a year. Years after his father's death, when the growing national debate about marijuana for medicinal purposes caught his attention, Jones began to wonder whether marijuana would have helped ease his father's torment. He now grows angry at the thought that it was never an option. Jones came to the Bay Area in 1994 on a one-way bus ticket from South Dakota. He left college to join lobbying efforts to legalize marijuana. After passage of Proposition 215 in November 1996, Jones and a handful of others opened the cannabis club in a third-floor office of a nondescript building on Broadway. Ten staff members and a handful of volunteers run the operation, which sees as many as 100 customers a day. The Oakland cooperative is a different scene from the one captured by television news crews at Dennis Peron's former San Francisco club --a ``social Amsterdam- like speakeasy'' image that ``tainted'' all other clubs, lobbyist Gieringer says. In contrast, the Oakland club is a no-smoking zone. A sign on the wall beyond the front door announces that cash, ATM cards and credit cards are accepted. Support groups and massages are offered. Marijuana is sold from a back room that can be entered only by showing a police-approved club identification card to a private security guard. That card can be obtained only by providing a doctor's letter that is verified by an on-staff nurse, Jones says. Here, often-isolated people get a chance to meet new friends; to talk and laugh and forget for a while about the pain and loneliness that come with their illnesses. But it is a somber place, too. Jones has gone, he says, from ``one person in my immediate family dying to people dying all around me all the time.'' He admits that part of him wants to finish college, to travel the world, to just be 24 and nothing else. Not a week goes by that he doesn't question what he is doing. Then he thinks of his father. And he is grounded. ``I knew in my father's eyes what he was feeling when he was dying,'' he says. ``I know what I'm doing now is right.'' (c)1998 San Francisco Chronicle Page A19
------------------------------------------------------------------- Teen Was Stripped For Wire, Girl Says ('The Orange County Register' Says The Former Girlfriend Of 17-Year-Old Methamphetamine Informant Chad MacDonald Of Yorba Linda, California, Testified Thursday Against The Three Men Who Tortured And Killed The Snitch Before Raping And Trying To Kill Her)Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 06:30:47 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Teen Was Stripped For Wire, Girl Says Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: 4 Sep 98 Author:Stuart Pfeifer-OCR TEEN WAS STRIPPED FOR WIRE, GIRL SAYS Testimony: She says the three suspects accused Chad MacDonald of working for the police, then robbed, beat and killed him. The killers of teen-age police informant Chad MacDonald strip-searched him while hunting for a hidden wire and accused him of working for the police, his girlfriend testified Thursday. The 17-year-old girl's testimony was the first indication - outside of accusations by MacDonald's family - that the boy's work for Brea police could have played a role in his death March 3. Testifying at a preliminary hearing in Los Angeles County Municipal Court, the girl explained that the suspects told MacDonald of their suspicions while searching him at gunpoint at a Norwalk drug house. The interrogation proceeded for several gruesome hours during which the Yorba Linda teenagers were beaten with guns, choked with ropes and robbed of all their possessions, the girl testified. Judge Stephen Marcus closed the courtroom during the girl's testimony, citing a state law that allows such restrictions when minors testify about sexual assault. The Orange County Register is not publishing her name because she is a minor and a sexual-assault victim. A transcript of the girl's testimony was made available Thursday evening. The case attracted national media attention after it was disclosed that MacDonald had worked as an informant, in one instance buying drugs while wearing a wire for Brea police in an unsuccessful effort to avoid prosecution for a drug arrest. MacDonald's family has sued Brea police, accusing officers of misleading the teen and his mother to secure his assistance as an informant, a role they blame for his death. Last week, the state Legislature passed a bill that imposes new restrictions, and in some cases prohibits, the use of minors as police informants. MacDonald, 17, often visited the house to buy and use methamphetamine, the girl testified. The couple were smoking methamphetamine with the three suspects and seemed to be getting along before the atmosphere changed, the girl said. "You guys are working for the police," suspect Florence Noriega said , according to the girl. "If I was working for the police, don't you think they would be here by now," MacDonald responded, according to his girlfriend. At that point, Noriega and suspects Michael Martinez and Jose Ibarra threatened the couple with guns, robbed them of their valuables and forced MacDonald to drive to an ATM machine to try to get more cash, the girl said. After they returned to the house, Noriega banged the teenagers' heads together and demanded they come up with $800, the girl testified. She was then forced to listen as the suspects strangled and beat her bound and gagged boyfriend. The sounds were so chilling, the girl said, that she pleaded with her assailants to cover her ears so she wouldn't have to listen. "I was like, please, I don't want to hear this," the girl testified. The girl said Ibarra raped her at gunpoint in a bedroom. She then saw Noriega and Martinez carrying a body from the house, she said. Police later found MacDonald's body in a south Los Angeles alley. The girl testified that the three suspects tried to choke her with a rope while driving her through West Covina. She fought off the attack in the car, but feared she was going to die when the assailants forced her into a drainage ditch and began choking her again. She woke up hours later, alone in the ditch, bleeding from a gunshot wound to the jaw, and wandered off to find help. If convicted, the three suspects could face the death penalty.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Prohibition (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Los Angeles Times' Says Ending Prohibition Is The Only Way To Remove Temptation From Corrupt Los Angeles Police) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 12:21:08 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: Drug Prohibition Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Pubdate: September 4, 1998 Fax: 213-237-4712 Author: Danny Terwey DRUG PROHIBITION * Re "Officer's Arrest Triggers Corruption Probe," Aug. 29: Corruption in the Los Angeles Police Department? Officers stealing cocaine for profit? Surely you must be mistaken! Seriously, folks, it's time we took away the main source of temptation. Our national and state drug policies have proven to be utter failures. There always has been, and always will be, a huge demand for recreational drugs. Whenever the law artificially inflates prices, some entrepreneur is going to go for the cash. Our prisons are full, and no amount of money will eliminate drug use. End this misbegotten prohibition. DANNY TERWEY Santa Cruz Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hernandez Settlement Does Not Ease Pain (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The San Antonio Express-News' Expresses Doubt That The Government's Payment Of $1.9 Million To The Family Of Esequiel Hernandez Jr., The High School Goatherder Killed By Camouflaged Marines On An Anti-Drug Patrol Along The Texas-Mexico Border, Will Have Any Deterrent Effect On Future Government Abuses) Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 18:54:25 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: PUB LTE: Hernandez Settlement Does Not Ease Pain Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (A H Clements) Pubdate: 3 September 1998 Source: San Antonio Express-News Author: John Wallace Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.expressnews.com/ HERNANDEZ SETTLEMENT DOES NOT EASE PAIN Re: Aug. 13 editorial, "Settlement eases pain, but leaves questions": In round numbers, the $1.9 million settlement the government proposed to pay the family of Esequiel Hernandez Jr. represents the amount of money collected in federal taxes every few seconds. Somehow, I find it hard to believe that this will have any deterrent effect on future government abuses. This settlement may provide partial compensation to the Hernandez family for the loss of their son, but it does absolutely nothing to protect my son or anyone's child from being gunned down as long as government at all levels is more interested in pursuing its mindless war on drugs than in protecting the basic personal freedoms of Americans. Atrocities like these (or the killings of Vikki Weaver, Los Angeles millionaire Donald Scott, the Kent State students and so on) will not stop until society is ready to hold the killers individually responsible for their actions. The settlement for the Hernandez family is less than one penny for every man, women and child in America. My government, acting on my behalf, shot and killed Hernandez for no good reason. Now it expects me to pay one penny to his family to make everything OK again. Well, this may ease the pain of the Hernandez family somewhat, but it certainly does not ease my pain. John Wallace
------------------------------------------------------------------- Two Clive Officials Resign Posts ('The Des Moines Register' Says City Councilman John Schiefer And Zoning Commissioner David Ennen Of Clive, Iowa, Resigned After A One-Month Investigation Into Alleged Pot Smoking At A Party) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 10:52:23 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: 2 Clive Officials Resign Posts Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Carl Olsen Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 98 Source: Des Moines Register (IA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (515) 286-2511 Website: http://www.dmregister.com/ Author: Estela Villanueva Section: Front Page 2 CLIVE OFFICIALS RESIGN POSTS The City And Police Were Investigating Allegations That Three People Smoked Marijuana At A Party. Following a monthlong investigation by the city of Clive into an alleged drug incident at a party, a city councilman and a zoning commissioner resigned Thursday from those panels as well as from the volunteer fire department. Clive Mayor Robert Brownell made the announcement at the end of Thursday's regular council meeting: City Councilman John Schiefer and Zoning Commissioner David Ennen had resigned, citing personal reasons. Neither admitted any wrongdoing. The two weren't at the council meeting, and neither returned phone calls to their homes afterward. Schiefer and Ennen had been under investigation by City Manager Dennis Henderson and the Police Department since Aug. 3 for allegations stemming from a July 25 going-away party for the parting fire chief. According to a summary of an Iowa State Patrol report, Trooper D.L. Knutson was attending the going-away party and saw three people smoking what he believed to be marijuana. Knutson then left the party and filed a report with the Iowa Department of Public Safety. A copy was later given to the Police Department. The party was held at Ennen's home and Schiefer has said he was there. No drugs were found, city officials have said. Not Enough Evidence City officials say the State Patrol's account differs from what the trooper told them. Henderson said Knutson told him he saw a small, silver marijuana pipe at the party, but thought he didn't have enough evidence for criminal charges. Schiefer had been on the council, for nearly 12 years and served on the fire department for 25 years, including service as the fire chief in the 1980s. Ennen was a member of the planning and zoning commission and had been on the fire department for more than a decade. The council will decide later whether to appoint someone to fill Schiefer's seat. A year is left in his term. Another person also will need to be appointed to Ennen's seat. Henderson said he had completed his investigation when the resignations were submitted. "It was a wrap, and we determined what our actions were going to be. That has become a moot issue because of the resignations," he said. He declined to say what action would have been taken, saying it was a personnel matter. City officials also would not name the third person accused in the incident, saying it also was a personnel issue. They noted that the person has been released from the department because of certification issues, however. Officials Complimented Brownell complimented Schiefer and Ennen on their courage and forthrightness in submitting their resignations in light of the investigation. "We're saddened by their resignations and the circumstances surrounding them, and I think our constituents would have a degree of understanding and compassion for people in times of need like this and join me in wishing them the best of luck for the future," he said. Henderson also said the resignations were unfortunate. "I certainly consider this a loss for the city," Henderson said. He said Schiefer is one of the best minds in town, and has raised thoughtful questions about issues. Ennen, he said, was a valued member of the planning and zoning commission, and his opinion was sought on many city matters. Caught Off-guard Other council members were caught off-guard by the announcement. "I'm still in shock," Councilman Kip Headley said after the meeting. Councilwoman Elaine Barry was puzzled, unsure of what to make of the news. "I don't know the circumstances of why they resigned," Barry said, noting their contributions to the community. Henderson said material from his investigation will be forwarded to the city's prosecutor for review. Clive police had investigated the incident, but haven't filed criminal charges because of lack of evidence. Despite the developments, Henderson said the incident shouldn't taint the fire department. "I don't want anyone and everyone branding the Clive Fire Department in this situation. We continue to have an excellent fire department," he said. Reporter Estela Villanueva can be reached at (515) 284-8360 or email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- Out Of The Station, Into A Fire (A Cautionary Tale In 'The Saginaw News' Says David E. Markle, A Saginaw, Michigan, Fire Department Administrator, Has Been Charged With Growing Marijuana At His Home And Maintaining A Drug House After Police Found Minors Drinking Alcohol In His Back Yard During A Loud Party Thrown By His 18-Year-Old Daughter While Her Parents Were Out Of Town) Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 19:10:56 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US MI: Out Of The Station, Into A Fire Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Friday, 4 Sept 1998 Source: The Saginaw News (MI) Contact: http://fl.mlive.com/about/toeditor.html Website: http://sa.mlive.com/ Author: David Osborn, The Saginaw News OUT OF THE STATION, INTO A FIRE A Saginaw Fire Department Lieutenant Faces Drug Manufacturing Charges A Saginaw Fire Department administrator charged with growing marijuana at his home is to appear in court next week. Lt. David E. Markle and his wife, Denise, 40, face a preliminary hearing Tuesday before Chief District Judge Christopher S. Boyd on charges of maintaining a drug house - their home on Throop near North Woodbridge. David Markle, 42, who also faces a count of manufacturing marijuana, remains on the job, said Fire Chief Timothy Gray. He declined further comment. The Markles did not return messages from The Saginaw News. Their Lansing attorney, Scott Grabel, was unavailable. A union contract includes five pages on drug policy, focusing on treatment for an employee, said Capt. Thomas F. Callison, president of Firefighters Local 102, which represents nearly 100 firefighters. The policy also stipulates that supervisors may discipline a worker, Callison said. "It's basically a policy with the employee's best interest in mind," he said. District Judge Joseph G. DeFrancesco at arraignment set personal recognizance bonds of $4,000 for Markle and $2,000 for his wife. The charges stem from police response Aug. 22 to a loud party at the Markles' home. Officers said they found minors drinking alcohol in the back yard. When they went in the house seeking more teens, officers reported, they found marijuana plants in a closet and paraphernalia used to grow the substance. Police said they also discovered plants hanging from a wire shelf. Officers said they questioned the couple's 18-year-old daughter because her parents were out of town. She began crying but eventually said her parents were growing the marijuana, officers said. Police said they later found three plants in the back yard. Markle joined the department in 1985, and supervi sors promoted him to chauffeur in 1989 and to lieutenant in 1996. City spokesman William Bailey said only that the case is under review. Errol G. Burton, a former fire battalion chief and frequent City Hall critic, said he called for years for officials to initiate drug testing. Officials test new workers and other employees only if they have a probable cause to do so, Burton said. "We're talking about a life service to the citizens," Burton said. "There shouldn't be any problems whatsoever. "It's terrible. It reflects on all the rest of the guys who do a good job." Copyright 1998 The Saginaw News
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug-Search Scam On I-80 (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Des Moines Register' From The Assistant Director Of The Iowa Civil Liberties Union Criticizes A Recent Instance Of Prohibition Agents Using The 'Drug Stop Ahead' Strategy For Snaring Motorists Who Seem To Take Action To Avoid Inspection)Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 23:57:01 -0500 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) From: "Carl E. Olsen" (carl@COMMONLINK.NET) Subject: Drug-search scam on I-80 - September 4, 1998 Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com http://www.commonlink.com/~olsen/DPF/ryan-001.html OPINION/LETTERS The Des Moines Register Friday, September 4, 1998, Page 12A firstname.lastname@example.orgDrug-search scam on I-80 On Aug. 28, I was traveling east on I-80 approximately four miles east of Altoona. I saw two flashing signs, one on each side of the two eastbound lanes, notifying me and other motorists of a "Drug Stop 4 Miles Ahead." Within a quarter-mile I saw two more signs warning eastbound travelers of "Drug Enforcement Ahead: Be Prepared to Stop." There was no "drug enforcement" stop ahead, but it is likely that law-enforcement officials were eagerly awaiting at the next exit to check vehicles getting off the interstate. In scams such as this, law-enforcement officials assume those exiting vehicles contain drugs, and most likely those exiting vehicles become targets of the scheme. As a result, people are pulled over, and then, using the excuse of some minor traffic offense (flickering taillight, broken license-plate light, cracked windshield, etc.) issue the driver a citation so that a "search incident to citation" may be conducted. I feel guilty for not getting off at the approaching rest area or the Mitchellville exit. I had no drugs in my vehicle, but I do feel as though I could have spent some time having law-enforcement officials search my vehicle for nonexistent drugs while I continuously cited the "probable cause" requirement of the Fourth Amendment. Perhaps my sacrificial deed would have allowed other law-abiding citizens who are simply heading home, visiting a friend, or seeking a gas station to drive on through the phony drug bust without being unnecessarily detained. - Marty Ryan, legislative coordinator/ assistant director, Iowa Civil Liberties Union, 446 Insurance Exchange Bldg., Des Moines.
------------------------------------------------------------------- End Drug War (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Chicago Tribune' Points Out The Recent Death Of A Chicago Prohibition Agent Is Attributable To Prohibition, Not Illegal Drugs) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:22:17 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IL: PUB LTE: End Drug War Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Author: Alan M. Perlman Section: Sec. 1, p. 26 END DRUG WAR HIGHLAND PARK -- The Aug. 27 Page 1 story and John Kass column did an excellent job of portraying the events and emotions surrounding Officer Michael Ceriale's death. Fortunately, there is something we can do to prevent this kind of senseless tragedy: End the war on drugs. The simple truth--which politicians will never admit--is that illegal drugs do not cause violent crime. The only drug that has consistently been implicated in criminal behavior is alcohol. As Al Capone taught us so well, it is drug prohibition that causes crime. Prohibition means artificially high prices, which in turn means there's a ton of money to be made. There will always be people with little to lose who will take the risk. Meanwhile, after decades of government propaganda and persecution, drug consumption is virtually unchanged. And because the drugs are illegal, dealers can't go to court to settle their disputes over markets, territories and payment. Hence, violence. No one wants kids using (or adults abusing) drugs, but there are many alternatives to prohibition, and we should be exploring them. Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman has estimated that the drug war is responsible for 5,000 to 10,000 deaths each year. Some of that blood is on the hands of every government official who defends this disastrous policy. Alan M. Perlman
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police - Baby Was Used To Conceal Smuggled Drugs (According To 'The Associated Press,' Police In Raymond, Maine, Say A Six-Month-Old Baby Who Tested Positive For Cocaine Was Used By Her Stepfather To Conceal Drugs Smuggled From Lowell, Massacusetts - The Child's Mother Is Serving A Federal Prison Sentence For Armed Robbery) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Police: Baby was used to conceal smuggled drugs Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:47:00 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Police: Baby was used to conceal smuggled drugs Associated Press, 09/04/98 02:17 RAYMOND, Maine (AP) - A 6-month-old baby who tested positive for cocaine in her system was used by her stepfather to conceal drugs that were smuggled from Lowell, Mass., police said. Richard Davison, 41, of Raymond, was arrested by drug agents after they learned from the Maine Department of Human Services that cocaine had been discovered in the baby's bloodstream. The Maine Drug Enforcement Agency seized $8,000 in cocaine and $1,000 cash from his home Monday. Davison remained today in the Cumberland County Jail, where he is being held on charges of drug trafficking, furnishing cocaine to a child and endangering the welfare of a child. Police affidavits indicate Davison, a convicted drug dealer and admitted addict, told agents he cared for the baby during the summer until giving her to the DHS in mid-August, prior to a brief stint in jail. The child's mother, Roxanne Allen Davison, 27, is serving a federal prison sentence for armed robbery. The affidavits filed in court detail the story of a child who was exposed to drugs and drug use from birth. The baby, who was breast fed by a mother with a suspected heroin addiction, tested positive for drugs shortly after her Christmas birth, according to a DHS caseworker. The caseworker requested the toxicology tests because she suspected the infant had symptoms of drug withdrawal. Dr. Peggy Wyman, a Portland physician, told agents the cocaine could have entered the baby's bloodstream a number of ways, ranging from ingesting the drug to inhaling smoke from crack cocaine to simply coming into physical contact with the drug. When questioned by agents, Davison admitted he used crack and was addicted to crack. But he denied giving the drug to the baby. ``I love that baby,'' he said, according to an affidavit. In court records, Agent Gerard Brady wrote that Davison and his girlfriend were known to conceal drugs ``on the baby's person'' while transporting cocaine from Lowell, Mass., to Maine.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Former Prosecutor Tries To Beat DWI Charge On Technicality ('The Associated Press' Says A Former Prosecutor In White River Junction, Vermont, Is Trying To Avoid A License Suspension Resulting From A Charge Of Driving While Intoxicated By Saying A Police Officer Stood Too Close While She Called Her Lawyer) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: Former VT prosecutor tries to beat DWI charge on technicality Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:47:22 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Former prosecutor tries to beat DWI charge on technicality Associated Press, 09/04/98 01:02 WHITE RIVER JUNCTION, Vt. (AP) - A former prosecutor is trying to avoid a license suspension on a drunken driving charge by saying a police officer stood too close while she called her lawyer. Heidi Haught, a former Windsor County deputy state's attorney, took the stand in her drunken driving case Wednesday and testified that a state trooper didn't give her enough privacy while she was talking to a lawyer on the phone after her car crash. Although State Trooper Brian Hendricks testified that he was outside the hospital room, Haught said Hendricks stood at the foot of her gurney while she was on the phone. ``You know, you shouldn't be standing there,'' Haught said she told Hendricks. ``He moved over slightly, but it was a number of feet. ... I was on a gurney and couldn't move.'' District Judge Paul Hudson has to decide whether to suspend Haught's driver's license for refusing to take a blood-alcohol test that night. Haught's attorney, David Sleigh, is arguing that Hendricks didn't give Haught a ``meaningful opportunity'' to consult with a lawyer before she decided to refuse the test. Since troopers are required by law to give DUI suspects this opportunity before asking them to take the test, Sleigh is arguing that Haught shouldn't be held legally responsible for refusing to take it. ``The right to counsel ... is an extraordinarily important right,'' Sleigh said. If Hudson finds against Haught in the civil suspension matter, she faces six months without a license. In the parallel criminal case against her for allegedly drinking and driving, she faces a possible fine of $750 and a two-year prison term if convicted, although most DUI convicts with clean criminal records do not go to jail.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Seize Marijuana Plants As Tall As Trees ('The Associated Press' Says Prohibition Agents Eradicated 500 Plants Over The Last Week In Rensselaer, Saratoga And Washington Counties, New York, Some As Tall As 12 Feet With Trunks 10 Inches Thick - No One Was Busted) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: NY Police seize marijuana plants as tall as trees Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:46:35 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Police seize marijuana plants as tall as trees Associated Press, 09/04/98 08:33 CASTLETON, N.Y. (AP) - Police have seized 500 pounds of marijuana plants over the last week, some as tall as 12 feet with trunks 10 inches in diameter. State police said the raids with local police have been in Rensselaer, Saratoga and Washington counties. Investigators estimate the value at $500,000. The raids were by the Capital Region Community Narcotics Enforcement Team. The plants described by troopers as small trees ranged from 6 to 12 feet high and were among 242 plants in a remote area of Castleton, 8 miles north of Albany. State police continue to seek suspects who will likely face felony charges because of the amount of the drug confiscated, troopers said. Most raids yield marijuana plants that more closely resemble ferns, from under a foot to just a few feet tall. Police eventually burn the plants.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Get Bird's-Eye View Of Pot Fields ('The Daily Gazette' Describes The Annual Helicopter Assault On Corn Fields In The Schenectady, New York, Area - Marijuana Grown Outdoors Was The State's Number One Crop In 1997, Based On Eradication Figures And The DEA's Estimated Value Of $2,000 To $9,000 Per Plant)Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:22:38 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US NY: Police Get Bird's-Eye View Of Pot Fields Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk Source: Daily Gazette (Schenectady, NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dailygazette.com Pubdate: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 Author: Brian Nearing - Gazette Reporter POlICE GET BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF POT FIELDS "You look down into a cornfield and you can see the pot plants in small patches . . . like holes punched out in the middle of the field." Lt. Geb Wolf State police pilot Lt. Geb Wolf maneuvered the blue-and-gold state police helicopter over a cornfield in Schuylerville, giving directions to officers on the ground below. "Walk down that row . . . Turn right . . . some more . . . Down the row. It should be right there," Wolf intoned into his radio headset. The target: a 5-foot leafy green marijuana plant nestled amid row after row of corn. An officer armed with a machete hacked it down and dragged it away, along with about a half-dozen others. Surrounded by rows of 8-foot cornstalks, the marijuana was all but invisible to anyone on the ground, but not to Wolf, who was looking down at the field from about 500 feet in the air. As summer nears its end, the harvest season is approaching for area farmers. The same goes for local marijuana growers, too, some of whom have already started gathering their crop. Wolf and other members of the state police aviation unit have been flying for about a month, locating and pulling up marijuana plants wherever they find them. The crop is a little early this year, like everything else, because of the warm damp weather earlier in the season. "You look down into a cornfield and you can see the pot plants in small patches . . . like holes punched out in the middle of the field," said Wolf, an 18-year pilot. "It's a distinctive shade of green. Looks a lot like a Christmas tree . . . Doesn't match the corn." Indeed, the dark green of the marijuana patches stood out against the green-yellow of the corn. Other telltale signs Wolf watches for are vehicle tracks leading into woods, along with irrigation tubing and hoses that seem out of place. "We look during the year whenever we're out . . . and if we notice anything, we keep an eye on it and go back later." Marijuana growers know that the eye in the sky is there, and do what they can to protect their crop. Some growers in Washington County are now tying down their plants along the ground, so the bushes don't stick up, said Investigator Paul Gacik. Some even use camouflage netting to cover plants, making it harder to spot them from the air. "It's not like it was years ago. Growers would put a whole patch [of marijuana] right in the middle of a field. A blind man could see it," Gacik said. Now, the growers are planting smaller patches, so it's harder to see. Hunting with Wolf on Wednesday turned up only the half-dozen plants from the cornfield near Cheese Factory Road. Those plants had been missed on an earlier police raid about three weeks ago. "It's hard to find it in there some-times," said Investigator Richard Sala. "It's like a maze." And an earlier Wednesday foray over woods near Casey Road turned up nothing - only some Scotch pines that Wolf initially thought might be marijuana. The marijuana was harder to spot in the woods, with its hues of green-gray, green-silver, green-brown and green-red. Wolf circled and circled over the woods, but came up empty. Two undercover officers in the helicopter with Wolf had gotten a tip that someone was growing marijuana nearby, and pointed to a nearby home. "That's our friend there, who has twice been convicted for growing," said one. Marijuana growing is a big business in New York state, and across the country. Because it is illegal, it's hard to say exactly how much is grown, said U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration spokeswoman Diane Ingalls. But based on the value of outdoor marijuana seized by state and federal officials, marijuana is the state's largest cash crop, well ahead of apples, the No. 1 legal crop. Last year, officials tore up about 43,900 marijuana plants, with a value of between $87.9 million and $395.8 million. This is based on DEA figures that estimate the value of a marijuana plant at between $2,000 and $9,000, depending on the quality of the plant. In comparison, the apple crop in New York state last year was about $144 million. And 1997 was an off year for marijuana, Gacik said. "It was way down. The weather was too dry." In 1996, more than 129,000 marijuana plants were seized in the state. That was worth between $258 million and $1.1 billion, based on the DEA figures. In that same year, growers produced about $138 million worth of apples. Nationwide, more than 3.6 million marijuana plants were seized in 49 states last year, with only Wyoming not involved in seizures, according to the DEA. The government effort directed toward trying to eradicate marijuana is a waste of taxpayers' money, claimed a local advocate of marijuana use. "Why are we still doing this?" asked Jonathan von Linden, executive director of the Schoharie County chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. "This is a plant that has never killed anybody. Why don't we just legalize and regulate it."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Initiative 59 Wins In Court (A Bulletin From Colorado Citizens For Compassionate Cannabis Comments On Yesterday's News That A Medical Marijuana Measure Will Be On The November Ballot In Washington, DC, Without Any Support From Americans For Medical Rights - Includes A Url For The Text Of The DC Initiative) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 01:26:27 -0600 (MDT) From: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (email@example.com) To: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DC Med. Mj. Init. Wins Court Battle (9/3/98) Please copy and re-distribute this announcement. INITIATIVE 59 WINS IN COURT! [snipped to avoid duplication - follow link to original. - ed.] *** From Colorado Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis September 4, 1998 Dear friends, The Yes on 59 campaign has overcome many obstacles to secure a spot on the ballot. It's been almost two years since the passage of Prop. 215 in California when Steve Michael and Wayne Turner announced their intentions to put a medical marijuana initiative on the ballot in D.C. Sadly, Steve won't be around to see the fruition of all his hard work. Thankfully, Wayne Turner has been the model for courage and determination. Despite the loss of his lover and the disruption caused by an influx of tens of thousands of dollars by Americans for Medical Rights to fund a competing medical marijuana initiative (which was never circulated), Wayne remained focused and strong. He has met and overcome all of the obstacles thrown in his way with a professionalism and integrity that is truly remarkable. I really can't laud him and the other DC activists that worked on the I-59 campaign enough. Now that their spot on the D.C. ballot is virtually guaranteed, the Yes on 59 campaign has the opportunity to speak loudly and clearly on behalf of seriously and terminally ill patients nationwide. The opposition to patients will come from Congress, the White House, Drug (biz) Czar Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, and others who are employed in the nation's capitol promoting drug laws that harm sick people. Because D.C. is our nation's capitol, passage of I-59 will be even bigger than the passage of Prop. 215 in California. Passage of I-59 in D.C. will send a clear message to the federal government, from their own backyard, that the people want to protect patients from prosecution. Passage of I-59 will also be important because, unlike Prop. 215, I-59 clearly allows the distribution of medical marijuana by not-for-profit corporations. For text of I-59, see: http://www.actupdc.org/text59pg.htm In addition, because D.C. is a federal district, not a state, every law passed by D.C. voters or enacted by the city council has to be reviewed by Congress. Therefore, the enactment of I-59 by the voters of D.C. will require a debate in Congress on the merits of medical marijuana. This campaign for I-59 will be historic. Unfortunately, the Yes on 59 campaign has not received the financial support that other medical marijuana ballot initiatives around the country have received. In Colorado, California-based Americans for Medical Rights spent at least $150,000 to circulate a ballot initiative (which many patients and advocates didn't support) that was ruled to have insufficient signatures to qualify for the ballot. (The Secretary of State estimated that only 54% of their signatures were valid.) AMR is challenging the ruling in district court, but it will not be easy to overcome such a huge signature deficit. In Maine, AMR spent $250,000 and also failed to gather enough signatures to get on the ballot. In D.C., AMR spent an estimated $100,000 and didn't even get their petition into circulation. For more information on the AMR campaigns, see: http://www.levellers.org/lemodel.htm A lot of money has been wasted on failed ballot initiative efforts this year. Activists in Colorado, D.C., Maine and Alaska have been very critical of this waste of resources in the past. We want to reassure potential contributors that there are still organizations who spend campaign donations wisely and successfully. The Initiative 59 campaign is the perfect example. Their whole two-year campaign has been run on probably well less than $20,000. As I said before, the Yes on 59 campaign is composed of committed professionals, and they will succeed. Your donations will not be wasted. Please, be as generous as possible and help be a part of this historic campaign. Laura Kriho Colorado Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis *** Donations can be made to: Yes on 59 Campaign 409 H Street N.E. - Suite #1 Washington, D.C. 20002-4335 Phone: (202) 547-9404 Fax: (202) 547-9448 For more information on the DC campaign, see: http://www.actupdc.org http://www.levellers.org/dcstat.htm *** ACT UP! FIGHT BACK! FIGHT AIDS! ACT UP! FIGHT BACK! FIGHT AIDS! ACT UP! FIGHT BACK! FIGHT AIDS! *** Distributed by: Colorado Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis P.O. Box 729 Nederland, CO 80466 Phone: (303) 448-5640 Email: email@example.com Web: http://www.levellers.org/cannabis.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- Millions Urged For Prisons ('The Atlanta Journal-Constitution' Says Georgia Department Of Corrections Commissioner Wayne Garner Wants Taxpayers To Spend Nearly $149 Million Next Year On Three New Prisons, Plus $6 Million To Expand Three Prisons) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: GA wants 3 more prisons Date: Sun, 6 Sep 1998 07:39:32 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org September 4, 1998 Millions urged for prisons By Rhonda Cook, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution He argues that Georgia's prisons are not critically overcrowded, but Department of Corrections Commissioner Wayne Garner wants taxpayers to spend nearly $149 million on three new prisons next year. In addition to the 4,500 beds the three prisons would provide, Garner said Thursday he needs to expand existing prisons to hold 1,900 additional beds at a cost of almost $6 million more. While the new prisons were part of Garner's annual budget request, it is the first such expansion request in a decade. As the prison population has continued to grow, private contractors have begun building three prisons with 4,600 beds, the last of which is expected to go on line by January 2000. Georgia has more than 38,000 inmates. The Corrections Board approved Garner's $952 million budget request and will send it on to the governor and the General Assembly. The board noted that sentencing disparity is stretching the system, making it difficult to predict how many prisoners must be accommodated. A.D. Frazier and other board members plan to suggest legislation to limit judges' options in order to reduce differences in sentences for similar crimes. A House committee has been studying structured sentencing this summer. Using a computer analysis of more than 700,000 sentences issued since 1990, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution in February reported wide disparities in the average prison sentences given for the same crimes among Georgia's 46 judicial circuits. The toughest circuits hand down sentences that are at least two to three times as long--and sometimes six times as long--as the shortest ones. "People don't know how much this is costing them," Frazier said. "That's $25 for each man, woman and child in this state. We need to take a look at uniform sentencing." The last time Georgia invested in significant prison building was in 1989, when sheriffs threatened to sue the state if the corrections department did not pick up sentenced inmates backed up in their crowded jails. The Legislature raised the sales tax 1 percentage point and used most of that money to fund 9,400 prison beds. In recent months, Garner has handled the influx of inmates by retrofitting low-security facilities, such as prison boot camps and probation detention centers, so they could hold more dangerous felons. He also has "triple-bunked" inmates in cells designed to hold two men and has put bunks in common areas in cell blocks. Garner said his budget request was based on a projection by the governor's budget office that Georgia will need 4,500 more prison beds by the end of 2000. The Parole Board, meanwhile, has estimated that Georgia needs to immediately build 14,000 prison beds to meet a demand that could crush the system within five years.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Respect Will Come When Drugs Are Forced To Go (An Op-Ed In 'The Los Angeles Times' By The White House Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrey, Tries A Different Approach From The Usual 'Only Losers Use Drugs' Line, Making The Rhetorical But Unfounded Assertion That 'Drug Use Among Athletes Broadcasts A Mixed Message That Puts Athletes, Their Sports And Our Children At Risk' - As If No One Had Ever Heard Of Babe Ruth) From: "Peter McWilliams" (email@example.com) To: "Peter McWilliams" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 10:39:41 +0100 Here's Barry at the bat, with another ghost-written bit of pabulum from the Drug Warriors. This was printed on the OpEd page of the LA Times, so they usually print more than the usual amount of "rebuttal" letters. Hop on it, sports fans! Enjoy, Peter *** LA Times letters: email@example.com Friday, September 4, 1998 Respect Will Come When Drugs Are Forced to Go * Athletics: Major league sports and its sponsors must set an example for children. By BARRY R. McCAFFREY From the Tour de France raids to the latest basketball drug bust, the use of drugs in the sports world once again has captured headlines. Drug use among athletes broadcasts a mixed message that puts athletes, their sports and our children at risk. We need to act now to make the field of play a drug-free zone. Children learn from and emulate athletes - whether it is their shooting stance or their drug use. For example, after the tragic death of Len Bias, youth cocaine use suddenly dropped. When athletes use drugs and are simultaneously rewarded for their athleticism, our children get the misimpression that drugs are not dangerous to physical well-being, dreams and aspirations. Once a child believes these falsehoods, the toll begins to mount: drug use, addiction, crime and even death. Drug use by athletes also threatens the world of sport. Widespread allegations of drug use in athletics will cause chronic public cynicism. Outstanding feats of athleticism will be chalked up to better drugs, not greater character. Parents who fear drug use by their children find it hard to justify paying hard-earned wages to take their children to sporting events, only to spend difficult hours explaining away the behavior of the stars they helped create. The momentum must shift; we need to take the incentives out of drug use. When sponsors say no to drug use, the sponsored will stop. Money talks. For Olympic athletes, however, the rewards are primarily medals and honor. The International Olympic Committee is taking steps to combat drugs, such as banning "nonperformance enhancing" drugs such as marijuana and Ecstasy and calling for a new, stronger drug testing agency. Now it must respond to admissions of doping coming out of the trials of former East German swim coaches and doctors who gave athletes steroids without their knowledge in order to increase "socialism's" medal count. Stripping medals from these victimized athletes seems unnecessary. Their suffering alone suffices to make the case against drug use. To let these victories stand unremarked, however, sends the wrong messages to coaches, athletes and children. Steroid use among young girls in America is up; a study by Penn State University found that 175,000 high school girls reported taking steroids one or more times. Unless we make the consequences of drug use clear, more young women and men are likely to put themselves at risk. It seems past time to recognize and give medals to the true heroes of past Olympic competitions: the athletes who competed clean but were cheated of their victories by their competitors' doping. Professional basketball as well needs to set straight its messages about drugs. Current National Basketball Assn. rules do not prohibit marijuana use by players, which some sources peg at 50% to 75% of the athletes. This situation puts the players, our children and even the game at risk: Players and management must join the ranks of the millions of other drug-free workplaces, which test employees at all levels, provide treatment programs and sanction continued drug use. There are some positive signs. Eighteen major league baseball teams are showing anti-drug public service announcements in their stadiums at every home game. Major league soccer is sending strong anti-drug messages to its young fans and has named Dante Washington, star forward with the Dallas Burn, as national spokesperson against youth drug use. On Oct. 23, as part of the Office of Drug Policy's athletic initiative, the first ever "National Coachathon Against Drugs" will see coaches across the nation--from the peewee leagues to the big leagues--starting their practices with a message against drugs to their players and students. These are good signs, but we must do more. Parents, coaches and youth leaders must insist that athletes as well as the organizations they represent and the companies that sponsor them are worthy of the respect of their young fans. Respect is earned; it will come when the world of sports takes a united stand against drugs. Gen. Barry R. Mccaffrey Is Director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved
------------------------------------------------------------------- Scientists Don't Know If 'Andro' Is Dangerous (According To A 'Dallas Morning News' Article In 'The Toronto Star,' Tim Ziegenfuss, An Assistant Professor Of Exercise Science At Eastern Michigan University, Says That Except For A 1962 Study On Two Women, 'There's Not A Single Published Report In The US As To The Effects Of Androstenedione On Testosterone') Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 09:51:51 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: Scientists Don't Know if 'Andro' is Dangerous Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: Toronto Star (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thestar.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 Authors: Sue Goetinck and Laura Beil - Dallas Morning News SCIENTISTS DON'T KNOW IF 'ANDRO' IS DANGEROUS Little research on supplement's side effects Baseball slugger Mark McGwire may be leading the major leagues in home runs, but scientists aren't so sure that "andro" power has anything to do with it. They also can't say whether androstenedione - the supplement McGwire and many amateur athletes are taking to try to boost testosterone levels, and thus enhance their performance - is safe. Except for a 1962 study on two women, "there's not a single published report in the U.S. as to the effects of androstenedione on testosterone," says Tim Ziegenfuss, an assistant professor of exercise science at Eastern Michigan University. Excess testosterone can help build muscle, but doctors fear it may cause cardiovascular, liver or other problems. However, distributors say "andro" products don't raise testosterone levels enough to be harmful. Scientists and physicians say little research is available addressing the supplement's potential muscle- and stamina-building effects, as well as side effects, in people. Researchers say the lack of studies so far, and the fact that high doses of other, related steroids can cause medical problems, should make users pause before risking their health for uncertain athletic gain. Although it is unclear what happens when using the supplement, naturally produced androstenedione is converted in the body into the male hormone testosterone, as well as into the female hormone estrogen. This happens only in tissues that contain the right machinery, such as the adrenal glands, testes and ovaries. The concerns about androstenedione's side effects focus on the testosterone. In healthy people, doctors worry that unusually high levels of testosterone might trigger various health problems. The actual side effects of high testosterone are "not as clear as you might think," says Richard Casaburi of Harbor-UCLA Medical Centre in Torrance, Calif. That's partly because scientists aren't going to conduct a study that calls for giving high doses of the hormone for a long time. One of the few studies on the effects of androstenedione in people was conducted recently by Ziegenfuss. He tested fewer than 10 men, he says, and found only a small increase in blood levels of testosterone 90 minutes after the men took a single 100-milligram dose of androstenedione. But, he says, his study was not designed to address whether taking androstenedione increases athletic performance, or whether it has any short or Iong-term side effects. The work was funded by Patrick Arnold, who says he introduced androstenedione to the United States in 1996. Arnold, who heads an Illinois company called Seymour BioOrganics Inc., says he had noticed a description of the compound on U.S. patent documents filed by two German researchers in 1993. The scientific claim most widely touted by U.S. distributors - that androstenedione raises testosterone levels by as much as 237 per cent - traces to this patent paperwork, Arnold says. The patent did not include a citation of a published scientific study. Meanwhile, critics have questioned whether androstenedione, and not McGwire's natural ability, should be credited for his home runs. One scientist noted it takes more than muscle to hit home runs. Hand-eye co-ordination is key, says Michael Meyers, professor of sports physiology at the University of Houston, and steroids are not known to make this ability better or worse.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Tobacco-Firms Lawyers Face Accusations of Deception (According To An 'Associated Press' Article In 'The Seattle Times,' Today's 'Wall Street Journal' Says The US Justice Department Believes Lawyers For Brown And Williamson Tobacco Corporation, The Nation's Third Largest Cigarette Manufacturer, May Have Engaged In A Criminal Plan To Deceive Federal Regulators) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:38:38 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Tobacco-Firms Lawyers Face Accusations of Deception Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 Author: The Associated Press TOBACCO-FIRM LAWYERS FACE ACCUSATIONS OF DECEPTION NEW YORK - The government believes lawyers for the nation's third-largest cigarette manufacturer may have engaged in a criminal plan to deceive federal regulators, The Wall Street Journal reported today. The Justice Department last month filed a sealed court brief contending that lawyers for Brown & Williamson Tobacco cited attorney-client privilege as the reason for refusing to hand over documents. The department argues that privilege wouldn't apply if there is evidence that a crime was committed by the attorneys. A Brown & Williamson attorney, William Hendricks, declined to comment. The brief reportedly was part of the Justice Department's grand-jury evidence against the company. It was filed last month in federal court in the District of Columbia. It's unclear whether the department's attempt to obtain the documents was successful, the Journal said. The government's probe is focusing on whether Brown & Williamson lied to the Food and Drug Administration and other agencies about manipulating nicotine levels in cigarettes and using tobacco leaves with high levels of nicotine, lawyers familiar with the case told the newspaper.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cigarettes From The Skies Helped Soldiers Survive (An Op-Ed In 'The San Francisco Examiner' By A Vietnam Veteran Who Smoked Free Cigarettes Distributed By The Military Applauds The Government's Decision To Stop Paying Smoking-Related Health Benefits For Such Veterans)Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:40:48 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: Cigarettes From the Skies Helped Soldiers Survive Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 Author: Bob Armstrong CIGARETTES FROM THE SKIES HELPED SOLDIERS SURVIVE AFTER COMING under fire for the first time during the Vietnam war, I lit up a cigarette. On another patrol, a Marine was killed by a booby trap on a jungle trail a hundred yards behind me. Twenty of us had walked right over that device without setting it off. Time to spark a match. Inhaling on that death-bearing cig seemed to offer the promise I'd walk out of the infernal mudhole alive. Almost all the grunts on the front lines smoked, but it wasn't the Marine Corps that led me to pick up the habit. I'd put the blame on those wily VC in black pajamas hiding in the treetops. Not agents of Joe Camel, but they served the same purpose. Then too, the source of the cigarettes was a wonder to behold. They fell out of the sky. The resupply choppers came in with 4 main goodies: mail, ammo, C-rations and free cigarettes in sample packages of four. You could scoop up as many of these slender little boxes as you wanted. Very satisfying after ham and lima beans from a can. I thought about this after reading in The Examiner last Sunday that more than 8,000 vets had filed disability claims for smoking-related injuries because they picked up the habit in the heat of battle. Only combat-zone vets could apply. The claim rests on the fact that free cigarettes landed in Vietnam, Korea and all over the theater of operations during World War II. A 1993 legal opinion from Mary Lou Keener, general counsel for the Veterns Administration, concluded that vets had the right to make such claims. Last year, the Department of Veterans Affairs estimated there could be as many as 2.5 million claims of this nature filed over the next 10 years. The costs of smoking-related compensation would be in the billions of dollars. In a kind of preemptive strike, VA officials moved to snuff out proposed legislation moving through Congress which would have made good on these claims. The VA won through a slippery maneuver - tacking an amendment banning the war-smoking claims on a pork-barrel highway funding bill which sailed through Congress. I don't like the underhanded method by which this was done, but I do think it was the right decision. I can't conclude that the federal government has encroached on my liberty by allowing the tobacco companies to give away cigarettes to the troops. Quite the opposite. Free cigarettes raining down on us enhanced our ability to do the dirty job. Smoking and war are deeply intertwined. Before a battle you smoke to calm your nerves. After the battle you smoke in the face of grief. Between battles you sit around with four or five other guys smoking and telling dirty jokes and complaining about some arrogant lieutenant waving his insane arms in your direction. Most of the time there is no battle. You hump the hills for days without a shot fired. You sit for long hours in the hot sun with nothing to do. So hot you must have a smoke. Or maybe the monsoon rains just swept in. Aahhh, how refreshing, the fiery tip giving off a little warmth in the midst of a storm. Now we are at peace and in need of an enemy. Thus a war on cigarettes, once the ally of the soldier. To some extent a just war. The nicotine delivery system is a nasty number. The war on cigarettes is looking much like the war in Vietnam: long, protracted, and in the end, likely a lost cause. Well, not quite. In the '50s half the nation's adults puffed away. Today about one-quarter smoke. An amazing victory, but not good enough for the zero-tolerance zealots determined to extinguish every cigarette. For them, it is total war. Examiner contributor Bob Armstrong is the editor of Exotica, a San Francisco monthly adult entertainment magazine. He served in Vietnam as a photographer in the Third Marine Division. 1998 San Francisco Examiner Page A 23
------------------------------------------------------------------- Potato Chips Seasoned With Cocaine In Mexico (According To 'Reuters,' The Mexican Television Network, 'Televisa,' Said Thursday That School Officials Have Taken To Searching Students' Backpacks After Homemade Potato Chips Sold Outside A School In Downtown San Luis Potosi Were Found To Include Small Packets Of Cocaine Wrapped In Plastic) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:17:37 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Mexico: WIRE: Potato Chips Seasoned With Cocaine In Mexico Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: isenberd@DynCorp.com (Isenberg, David) Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 Source: Reuters POTATO CHIPS SEASONED WITH COCAINE IN MEXICO MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - School children in north-central Mexico received cocaine instead of salt with their potato chips until authorities put a halt to it, Mexican TV reported Thursday. In San Luis Potosi, homemade potato chips sold outside a downtown school came with small packets of white powder wrapped in plastic. It may be salt, but after a few complaints Health Ministry officials analyzed the substance and found it to be cocaine, the Televisa network reported. So far no arrests have been made, but local education officials have taken to searching the backpacks of students as they enter school grounds, Televisa said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'Major' Durham Pot Gang Busted ('The Toronto Sun' Says Prohibition Agents In Fenelon Falls Believe The Durham Region's Marijuana Trade Has Been Dealt A Severe Blow With The Arrest Of Seven Men And Seizure Of $300,000 In Pot - About The First Time In History Such A Result Would Be Likely) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: "Major" Durham Pot Gang Busted Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 09:42:29 -0700 Lines: 36 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Toronto Sun (Canada) Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Friday, September 4, 1998 Author: KEVIN HANN, DURHAM BUREAU 'Major' Durham pot gang busted FENELON FALLS -- Drug squad detectives believe Durham Region's marijuana trade has been dealt a severe blow with the arrest of seven men and seizure of $300,000 in pot. Durham police Sgt. Jim Grimley said undercover officers followed a pickup truck from Oshawa to a cottage north of Fenelon Falls on Aug. 27. Grimley said police found "numerous" pickup trucks, all-terrain vehicles, dirt bikes and parts for a snow machine at the cottage. "Seven men were arrested that same day and the investigation turned over to the OPP," he added. Provincial police obtained a search warrant, raided the cottage Aug. 28 and seized 107 pounds of marijuana and 250 pot plants. "The drug squad considers this group to be major suppliers of marijuana to Durham Region," Grimley said. Charged with production of a controlled substance, possession of a controlled substance for the purpose of trafficking and possession of proceeds of crime are Joseph Mifsud, 22, and Brian Mifsud, 21, both of Rideau St., Brian Sturgeon, 25, of Homefield Sq., Gordon Mittag, 23, of Norman Ct., Douglas Adams, 21, of Gibb St., all of Oshawa; Tim Young, 31, of Doncaster Cres., Newcastle; and Sean Andrew, 32, of Broadlands Cres., Courtice.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ailing Prison Drug-Smuggler Gets Jail Time ('The Winnipeg Free Press' Says Kenneth Mollard, A Frail 57-Year-Old Maintenance Worker Who Helped Smuggle Marijuana And Cocaine Into Stony Mountain Prison, Was Sentenced To 26 Months In Jail Yesterday - While An Undercover Agent Involved In The Police Sting That Apprehended Mollard Was Paid $150,000) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: Ailing Prison Drug-Smuggler Gets Jail Time Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 09:40:06 -0700 Lines: 57 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Winnipeg Free Press (Canada) Contact: email@example.com Author: Leah Janzen, Law Courts Reporter Pubdate: September 4, 1998 AILING PRISON DRUG-SMUGGLER GETS JAIL TIME A frail 57-year-old maintenance worker who helped smuggle drugs into Stony Mountain prison will spend the next 26 months in jail, a court decided yesterday. In handing down the sentence, Madam Justice Lea Duval said Kenneth Mollard, a garbage collector at Stony Mountain, was an "integral and important part of the smuggling operation" who used his position of trust to carry cocaine and marijuana to inmates inside the prison walls. "He could go in and out without being searched," she said. "His conduct was planned and deliberate and ongoing and it was especially serious because it took place inside a prison." Duval noted she took Mollard's failing health and his doctor's recommendations against incarceration into consideration but added the man's actions called for a jail term. "A conditional sentence (served in the community) would be viewed by the public and employees of penal institutions as very lenient and would fail to deter others from committing similar offences," she said, pointing to testimony from Stony Mountain's gang co-ordinator. Ray Gawryluk had spoken of the violence and unrest that can occur in the jail when inmates get their hands on drugs. Mollard, who has had two heart attacks and is dealing with a variety of other health problems, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to traffic in narcotics and one count of bribery. During his sentencing hearing, court heard Mollard was paid to collect packages filled with drugs outside a pump house near the prison and take the drugs inside to inmates, most of whom were members of biker gangs. Mollard was arrested with 16 others. In all, more than a quarter-ounce of cocaine, 215 Valium-type pills and more than three ounces of marijuana were smuggled into the prison during the police sting. The police investigation relied heavily on information obtained by a paid agent - formerly known as Margo Redsky - who delivered the drugs to the pump house and took orders for drugs from inmates. During the first day of Mollard's sentencing hearing, Redsky, who was paid $150,000 for her work as an agent, testified under heavy security that Mollard was the man who collected the drugs and delivered them inside.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Doctors Leaders Rule Out Random Tests After Shock Drugs Survey ('The Associated Press' Says A New British Survey Of 114 Doctors Who Have Graduated Recently From The University Of Newcastle Found Those Who Used Alcohol And Illegal Substances Did So Mostly For Pleasure - 93 Percent Drank Alcohol, More Than 35 Percent Of The Men And 19 Percent Of Women Used Cannabis, And 13 Percent Of Men And 10 Percent Of Women Used Other Illicit Drugs, Including Magic Mushrooms, LSD, Ecstasy, Amyl Nitrate, Cocaine And Amphetamines) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 09:36:58 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: UK: Wire: Doctors Leaders Rule Out Random Tests After Shock Drugs Survey Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 DOCTORS LEADERS RULE OUT RANDOM TESTS AFTER SHOCK DRUGS SURVEY Doctors leaders today rejected the introduction of random drugs tests after a new study found that drug abuse and excessive drinking are shockingly commonplace among younger members of the profession. The study of the lifestyles of 90 junior house officers, most of them women, found that 93% drank alcohol, of whom 60% exceeded recommended safety limits. More than 35% of the men and 19% of women were using cannabis, with over 11% taking it regularly. A high proportion of the doctors, 13% of men and 10% of women, used other illicit drugs including magic mushrooms, LSD, ecstasy, amyl nitrate, cocaine and amphetamines. The main reason for drinking and drug taking was given as "pleasure". However, the investigators found that most of the doctors had high work-related stress levels, producing anxiety and depression. All the doctors taking part in the survey were contacted a year after graduating from the University of Newcastle. Of 114 contacted, 90 - including 51 women - agreed to provide information on an anonymous basis. Dr Farhad Kamali and colleagues from the university, who carried out the survey, wrote in the Lancet medical journal: "It is unlikely these lifestyles apply only to house officers in the north east of England. "The current drinking habits, illicit drug use and stress in some junior doctors is of concern, not only for their own well being, but also how they may affect patient care." They raised the question of whether routine or random drug and alcohol testing should be introduced for junior doctors. The doctors added: "There is no evidence that such schemes would be workable or appropriate in the UK National Health Service, but mandatory urine screening is undertaken in the UK army, and some UK industries, and for doctors in the USA." A statement from the British Medical Association said: "The Lancet article's findings are consistent with the BMA's own research on junior doctors drinking above safe limits, often to combat stress. "The information on recreational drug use is new to the BMA, but it looks consistent with patterns of recreational drug use by young people generally. "We cannot tell from The Lancet article how many of these young doctors may have an addiction problem or might develop one, but we take the problem of drug and alcohol misuse by doctors very seriously. "All the evidence is that if you can intervene and offer support to a doctor with problems early on, they have a good chance of recovery." However, the statement said any proposal to introduce random or routine drug testing would have "major civil liberties implications". "We have not seen evidence that testing all these groups of health professionals is necessary, or that it would be effective. If such a proposal were to be put forward, the BMA would want to consider the evidence very carefully." 1998 Press Association
------------------------------------------------------------------- Alarm Over Junior Doctors' Drug Abuse (The Version In Britain's 'Guardian') Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 05:17:45 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Alarm Over Junior Doctors' Drug Abuse Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Source: The Guardian (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Pubdate: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 Author: Sarah Boseley, Health Correspondent ALARM OVER JUNIOR DOCTORS' DRUG ABUSE There were calls for random dope testing in the medical profession yesterday as a report emerged showing that one in three male junior doctors uses cannabis and more than 10 per cent of both sexes take other drugs, from ecstasy to LSD and cocaine. A study in this week's Lancet medical journal reveals that heavy drinking and the use of illicit drugs are common among young doctors in their early 20s. A survey of 90 house officers, one year after graduation from Newcastle university, reveals that of the 93 per cent who drank, 60 per cent exceeded the recommended safe limits. A quarter of men and a third of women indulged in "binge drinking" - consuming more than half the recommended limit (14 units for a woman and 21 for a man) in one session. The doctors said they drank for pleasure, and three quarters claimed their drug use was also recreational. More than 35 per cent of men and 19 per cent of women used cannabis, more than 11 per cent using it weekly or monthly. The other drugs, used by 13 per cent of men and 10 per cent of women, were hallucinogenic mushrooms, LSD, ecstasy, amyl nitrite, cocaine and amphetamines. While Farhad Kamali from the Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology at Newcastle university and colleagues, the authors of the study, acknowledge that the drink and drugs pattern is not dissimilar to that of other people of the same age, they are concerned at the implications. "The current drinking habits, illicit drug use and stress in some junior doctors are of concern, not only for their own well-being, but also how they may affect patient care," they write. They ask whether routine or random drug and alcohol screening should be introduced, pointing out that they exist in the army and some industries in the UK and among doctors in the United States. Dr Kamali said he and his colleagues proposed to do further studies of older groups of doctors to see whether "once they mature and reach a position of responsibility they will curb their unhealthy lifestyles". Mark Porter, an anaesthetist in Coventry who chairs the British Medical Association's Junior Doctors Committee, said he was sure the drinking and drug taking were no different from that of other young people. "In terms of marijuana use, I don't think there is anything to be worried about," he said. "The long-term effects are probably less dangerous than alcohol. "We do know that the medical profession as a whole is more prone to alcoholism than the general population." The stress of the job was part of the reason. The study found the junior doctors were stressed and anxious. On a rota to work one night in four, doctors often worked all night, then spent a night recovering, then crammed four nights' social life into two, Dr Porter said. But Patrick Dixon, whose book The Truth About Drugs will be published on Monday, claims one doctor in 10 is dependent on either drink or drugs, and alleges that deaths and injuries result. "If your mother has a hip replacement operation on a Monday morning and is admitted by two anaesthetists and a medical team of three, there is a 50 per cent risk that one of the five will be incompetent because of intoxication or withdrawing from intoxication. "Research shows you are four times more likely to be involved in job-related accidents if you are on drink or drugs. The medical equivalent of that is slipping with the scalpel or prescribing the wrong dose. When we make mistakes, people get sick and if they are very sick, they die. "If a doctor has a blood alcohol level that would make it illegal to drive a car, they should not be in an operating theatre." He wanted to see random drink and drug testing in the NHS, he said, but the British Medical Association disagrees, arguing it would have major civil liberties implications. "We have not seen evidence that testing health professionals is necessary, or that it would be effective. If such a proposal were to be put forward, the BMA would want to consider it very carefully," it said in a statement.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Alarm At Doctor's Drug Use ('The Scotsman' Version) Date: Sat, 5 Sep 1998 06:26:46 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Alarm At Doctor's Drug Use Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Lancet, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thelancet.com/ Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 Subj: UK: Alarm at doctor's drug use Date: 4 Sep, 1998 ALARM AT DOCTOR'S DRUG USE DRINK and drug abuse by young doctors could be putting patients' lives at risk, a report has claimed. Junior doctors are using drugs and alcohol more now than they did when they were students - more than a third of male doctors questioned admitted using cannabis. The study found that most young doctors drink too much and many of them take illegal drugs, including hallucinogens. The report's revelations prompted Dr Farhad Kamali, one of the authors of the report, to warn: "Clearly there is cause for concern. Drinking too much and taking drugs can harm the doctor's health. There is concern over patient care as well. We do not know how this behaviour affects how doctors do their jobs." A spokesman for the General Medical Council said: "This report is an important and timely piece of work which recognises the serious risk that the minority of doctors with these problems can pose to patients, if they are not dealt with quickly and appropriately. It highlights the importance of identifying doctors with problems before patients are put at risk." Harry Shapiro of London's Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence said: "People who regularly use depressant drugs such as alcohol and cannabis can have slower reaction times. It depends on the individual. "Doctors have access to very strong painkillers as well as illegal drugs. It wouldn't surprise me if some junior doctors used strong drugs like morphine. "You don't want to be under the influence of any of these drugs if you need to react well in an emergency situation. But the long hours work could impair their performance as well." The research, conducted at the Wolfson unit of clinical pharmacology at the University of Newcastle, found most junior doctors drink excessive amounts of alcohol. The statistics are published in a research letter in this week's Lancet, based on a study of the behaviour of 90 junior doctors last year. The interviewees, who had all been questioned as medical students, were taking more drugs and drinking more alcohol than when they had been students. The study found that, of the 93 per cent of junior house residents who drank, 60 per cent "exceeded safety limits". Dr Kamali added: "Over 10 per cent of the individuals were drinking to a hazardous level and nearly one third were binge drinking on days off." More than one-third of male doctors in the study smoked cannabis. Nineteen per cent of the women interviewed also admitted to smoking the drug. About 13 per cent of men and 10 per cent of women in the survey admitted current use of other, more dangerous and addictive drugs such as the hallucinogenics LSD and magic mushrooms, cocaine, ecstasy and amphetamines. The Britsh Medical Association said: "The Lancet article's findings on alcohol consumption are consistent with the BMAs own research on junior doctors drinking above safe limits, often to combat stress. "The information on recreational drug use is new to the BMA, but looks consistent with patterns of recreational drug use by young people generally. "We cannot tell how many of these young doctors may have an addicton problem or might develop one, but we take the problem of drug and alcohol misuse very seriously. "All the evidence is that if you can intervene and offer support to a doctor with problems early on, they have a good chance of recovery.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Fat May Rival Smoking As Health Threat (A 'Toronto Star' Update On The Eighth International Congress On Obesity In Paris Says Organizers Of The Conference Are Optimistic About A New Drug Called Orlistat That Has Been Found In Clinical Trials To Promote Weight Loss By Reducing The Body's Absorption Of Dietary Fat - The Drug, To Be Marketed By Roche Holdings AG Under The Name Xenical, Is To Go On Sale In Europe This Month And In The United States Some Time Next Year)Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 08:52:19 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Dave Haans (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: TorStar: Fat may rival smoking as health threat Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star Pubdate: Friday, September 4, 1998 Page: D1 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: email@example.com Fat may rival smoking as health threat PARIS (Reuters) - Medical experts warn that obesity, rapidly becoming a problem in the developing world and industrialized nations, could one day rival smoking in its impact on public health. ``This is a pandemic, probably one of the top five public health problems in the world. Scientists are already beginning to wonder whether it will be worse than smoking,'' Dr. Philip James told reporters this week at the Eighth International Congress on Obesity in Paris. James, who heads a task force for the International Association for the Study of Obesity, and other scientists say there is considerable hope that new drugs will soon be available to help fat people lose weight and stay fit. Until then, they say, public health officials in India and the South Pacific as well as North America and Australia should begin to modify eating behaviour in both children and adults. ``If we wait, in 10 to 20 years from now it really looks like we are going to have a catastrophe on our hands,'' says James, who is also director of the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland, and head of a United Nations commission on nutrition. ``We are emphasizing the need to begin tackling the problem earlier, to deal with childhood weight problems and to completely rethink the way we approach physical activity and diet to ensure a healthy, active lifestyle,'' says Dr. Stephen Rossner of Stockholm's Karolinska Institute. He dismisses the stereotype of the jolly overweight person, saying research has found obese individuals generally are financially less well off and have a lower quality of life than thinner people. ``We can't rule out that there are happy fat people. But the evidence is against it,'' he says. Organizers of the conference say the outlook is not all gloom and doom. They are particularly optimistic about a new drug called orlistat that has been found in clinical trials to promote weight loss by reducing the body's absorption of dietary fat. The drug, to be marketed by Roche Holdings AG under the name Xenical, is to go on sale in Europe this month and in the United States some time next year. Approval was delayed when health officials requested additional research on data hinting at a possible link between orlistat and breast cancer. While orlistat has undergone extensive testing in humans, the medical experts cautioned consumers against relying on the many untested over-the-counter drugs that claim to help weight loss. ``There is a great desire for weight-loss drugs as everyone is tired of the `eat less, exercise more' approach. But there are so many fraudulent products and so many gullible people,'' Rossner says. ``I always tell my patients: `You use them at your own risk because there is no data demonstrating effectiveness and they may not be safe,' '' says Dr. George Bray, president of the International Association for the Study of Obesity.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Michelle Smith Appeals Suspension ('The Associated Press' Says Olympic Swimming Champion Michelle Smith Filed An Appeal Thursday With The International Court Of Arbitration For Sport In Lausanne, Switzerland, Of Her Four-Year Suspension For Tampering With A Drug Test - Why Someone Would Put Alcohol In A Urine Test Isn't Explained) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: Olympian Appeals Drug Suspension Date: Fri, 4 Sep 1998 12:44:23 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Friday, September 4, 1998 Michelle Smith Appeals Suspension LAUSANNE, Switzerland--Olympic swimming champion Michelle Smith, as she had said she would, has appealed her four-year suspension for tampering with a drug test. The filing was made with the International Court of Arbitration for Sport on Thursday. If Smith succeeds in overturning the ban imposed by swimming's world governing body, FINA, she could be swimming competitively by Christmas. CAS spokesman Matthieu Reeb said it was the organization's policy to settle disputes within four months. He said Smith and FINA could each choose one arbitrator from a list of 150 sports law and arbitration experts and CAS would appoint a president to head a three-person panel to hear Smith's appeal. Smith was found guilty on Aug. 6 of tampering with an out-of-competition urine test taken at her home in Kilkenny, Ireland, in January. The panel said the sample contained a large quantity of alcohol, probably whiskey. The ban included the Sydney 2000 Olympics and the 2001 World Championships, in effect ending the 28 -year-old swimmer's career. "I am fighting for my reputation and for my right to go to Sydney," Smith said after the suspension was announced. Smith said the alcohol in the sample hadn't prevented the IOC drug testing laboratory in Barcelona, Spain, from determining that no performance-enhancing drug or signs of drug use were present. "I had no motive for introducing alcohol or indeed any other masking agent into my sample, as I have never tested positive for the use of any banned substance throughout my career," she said. Smith said FINA had produced no proof that she was to blame for the added alcohol. She accused FINA of conspiring "to ensure that I did not swim again and to ensure that, by whatever method was available to them, a ban was imposed." Smith had a mediocre record before winning three gold medals and a bronze at the Atlanta Games, three years after Dutch discus and shot put champion Erik de Bruin became her coach. Her marriage to de Bruin, who was suspended for four years after testing positive for excessive testosterone, stirred speculation that her own meteoric rise had been aided by drugs. However, Smith said she had been tested more often than any of her rivals. FINA said her original and backup drug tests, which were stored and tested separately, both showed high-alcohol content. This, it said, ruled out the possibility that anyone other than Smith had tampered with the samples. Copyright 1998 Associated Press. All Rights Reserved
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 57 (An Original Summary Of Drug Policy News From The Drug Reform Coordination Network) Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 01:31:44 -0400 To: email@example.com From: DRCNet (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 57 Sender: email@example.com The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 57 -- September 4, 1998 -------- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -------- (To sign off this list, mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:email@example.com for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) (This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html.) Check your DRCNet e-mail this Tuesday, when we will announce a new special book offer for new and renewing members! The last batch of books from the old book deal, Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts, went out two weeks ago. Everyone who is entitled to a copy from us should have it by now. But just in case, if your copy of MMMF hasn't shown up, please let us know right away; write to our new Membership Coordinator, Kris Lotlikar, at firstname.lastname@example.org. Kris is also handling bumpersticker requests (sent to all new paying members, and others upon request), and will be spearheading the new book offer as well. With Kris on the job, we are committed to "rapid response" on all promised items. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Gray vs. Satel in Slate Online Magazine http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#slate 2. Federal Judge Rejects Oakland Buyers' Club Status, Rejects Government's Call for Immediate Shut-Down http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#breyer 3. Police Seize Methadone Treatment Clinic Files http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#clinic 4. In Response to Slaying, "Chad's Law" Will Place Stricter Limits on Use of Children as Informants in California http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#brea 5. Judge Finds City-Imposed Restrictions on Scheduled Marijuana Rally Unconstitutional http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#boston 6. Survey Finds American Teens Woefully Uninformed About Government http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#survey 7. California State Senate Adjourns Without Taking Action on Medical Marijuana Research Bill http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#calmedmj 8. Afghani Opium Crop Grows Despite Taliban's Promises of Eradication http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#afghanopium 9. EDITORIAL: From Ignorance to Tyranny http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#editorial *** 1. Gray vs. Satel in Slate Online Magazine Mike Gray, author of the book Drug Crazy, released by Random House last June, is debating prohibitionist activist Sally Satel on the online magazine Slate, http://www.slate.com. Go to the Slate home page and click on the War on Drugs dialogue link (toward the bottom of the page), link, then read the Gray/Satel debate, vote and join the discussion; you will have to register for a free trial account if you are not a Slate subscriber. Last we checked, Gray and Satel had each posted two installments. In our opinion, Satel's lack of logic had already become apparent, next to our favorite author's clear and forceful exposition of the hard reality of prohibition's failure. If you haven't been on DRCNet for very long and don't know about Drug Crazy, we urge you to get out to your local bookstore and pick up a copy, or suggest they order some copies if you don't see it there. Drug Crazy is the best, most readable history of prohibition ever written for the popular audience. Mike Gray, whose credits include the script from the hit movie The China Syndrome as well as work on Star Trek: The Next Generation (and who is a member of DRCNet's advisory board), spent six years researching and writing Drug Crazy, about which he told the Chicago Tribune last week "I look at everything I'd done as training for this book," and about which New York magazine wrote "Gray's point -- and though he's not the first to make it, he has honed and hardened it enough to pierce the thickest skulls - - is that the drug war isn't... an authentic conflict between enemies but a hysterical splitting of the whole." Further, Drug Crazy includes an extensive appendix of Internet drug policy resources, highlighting DRCNet and the early Internet drug policy reform work of DRCNet founder David Borden and DRCNet drug library founder Cliff Schaffer. Gray exchanged views with U.S. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey on CNN, a debate that McCaffrey tried to hide behind after making a fool of himself in Europe with his wildly inaccurate misstatements on the Netherlands drug situation (see http://www.drcnet.org/wol/050.html#footinmouth). A couple of reviews of Drug Crazy are available online -- Walter Kirn's review in New York magazine, July 13, http://www.newyorkmag.com/Critics/view.asp?id=1551, and amazingly, a review by Senior U.S. District Judge John L. Kane, Jr., in the Denver Post, June 28, online at http://www.denverpost.com/books/book286.htm. Read more about Drug Crazy at http://www.drugcrazy.com. *** 2. Federal Judge Rejects Oakland Buyers' Club Status, Rejects Government's Call for Immediate Shut-Down U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer on Monday (8/31) rejected the Oakland city council's rather creative attempt to shield that city's medical marijuana buyers' club from prosecution under the federal controlled substances act, but declined the federal government's request to order the club shut down. Instead, Breyer indicated that he is considering allowing a jury to decide on the question of medical necessity on the part of those who are using the club. Jeff Jones, director of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative told The Week Online, "First, we haven't seen the written ruling yet, and we're anxious to read it in its entirety, but I'd call the decision a mixed bag. While Judge Breyer failed to recognize our immune status, he also barred the U.S. Marshall's service from coming in to shut us down. We'll appeal the first part of that, of course. "Interestingly, when the U.S. Attorney argued to the court that we were illegal under California law under People v. Peron, Judge Breyer told him that he was under the impression that we were legal under state law, and offered the government the chance for a hearing on that issue. But the government backed down, rather than have that point decided definitively." Jones Continued, "I am still recognized by the city of Oakland as a city officer, and we are still operating under the assumption that we are immune from federal law because of that designation. And as to the possibility of a jury trial, we are determined to have this case heard by a jury of Californians, who voted strongly in favor of this issue, who were not and have never been misled about the issue and who will see and surely decide that we are committed to relieving human suffering, while the federal government is, in this case, committed to prolonging and exacerbating that suffering. It will be the first time anywhere that a medical necessity defense has been heard with regard to multiple patients, and we are confident as to the outcome of such a trial." The U.S. Attorney's office did not return a phone call for comment on this case. *** 3. Police Seize Methadone Treatment Clinic Files - Kris Lotlikar On August 14 Fairfax police officers seized the medical record of 79 patients at the Fairfax Methadone Treatment Clinic. The officers obtained a warrant from the local magistrate to search the clinic after a car disappeared which was left in the area. The officers did not give a reason to suspect any from the clinic would be involved and there were several office buildings closer to the scene of the crime. "How can I guarantee my patients any confidentiality when the police think they can come in and help themselves to our records?" Ofelia Sellati, the clinic's program director, told the Washington Post. In an affidavit requesting the warrant Detective Garnett Broderick wrote, "It is common for people who have addictions to various narcotics... to engage in these kinds of criminal activities to support [their] drug addictions." Critics of the police action say the warrant appeared to be unconstitutionally broad and based on drug use stereotypes. To seize drug-treatment records requires a special court order, some privacy experts commented. "We want to be able to help the police when they have a legal right to know," Sellati commented to the Washington Post. "But this was an abuse of power." *** 4. In Response to Slaying, "Chad's Law" Will Place Stricter Limits on Use of Children as Informants in California By a margin of 70-1, the California State legislature has passed a bill known as "Chad's Law" that would place limits on the way law enforcement uses minors as informants. AB 2816 would prohibit the police from using informants under 13 years of age, and insure that teen-agers work undercover only with informed parental consent and a judge's approval. California State Assemblyman Scott Baugh (R-Huntington Beach) authored the bill in response to the murder last year of teenager Chad MacDonald by dealers he'd informed upon in cooperation with local police. MacDonald, 17, had been arrested in January on a small possession charge, and wore a wire as part of a deal to have the charges dropped. Two months later he was beaten and strangled, and his 15-year- old girlfriend raped, beaten and left for dead. (See the March 27, 1998 issue of The Week Online for the full story http://www.drcnet.org/wol/035.html#informant.) "If this law had been in place last January," Baugh told the Week Online, "The Chad MacDonald tragedy would never have happened." First, law enforcement and prosecutors would not have been able to use scare tactics such as telling MacDonald he was facing a long prison term. (In fact, according to Baugh, he would likely have been sentenced to only 6 months in a drug rehab program.) Second, prosecutors pressured MacDonald's mother into agreeing to the plan, warning her not to consult with her fiance and telling her she had only a day to make her decision. By requiring a judge to approve the use of minor informants on a case-by- case basis, the bill introduces a level of accountability that should prevent such "coerced consent." Originally, the bill proposed to prohibit children under 15 from undercover work. The age limit was amended to 13, according to Baugh, after law enforcement representatives testified before the Assembly that preventing younger teenagers from informing would only encourage dealers to recruit them into the drug trade. "They told us that thugs would target younger children to do the dirty work," Baugh said. The California State Assembly voted 70-1 to send the bill to Gov. Pete Wilson, and the Senate approved the bill a 37-0 vote last Thursday. Governor Pete Wilson is expected to sign the bill into law. *** 5. Judge Finds City-Imposed Restrictions on Scheduled Marijuana Rally Unconstitutional (reprinted from the NORML Weekly News, http://www.norml.org) September 3, 1998, Boston, MA: A Superior Court Judge ruled that free speech restrictions imposed on organizers of the annual "Boston Freedom Rally" by city officials are unconstitutional. William Downing, President of the NORML's Massachusetts state affiliate, praised the judge's decision to strike down the gag order. "The judge's decision restores freedom of expression and assembly on the Boston Common." Earlier this year, city officials reluctantly granted the organization permission to hold the event, but included a requirement that all speakers and performers discourage marijuana smoking and announce that police would enforce all state drug laws. This week, Judge Carol Ball determined that the city's stipulations for the speakers were "constitutionally impermissible," and also enjoined the city from enforcing many of the permit's other requirements. In past years, the "Freedom Rally" has drawn crowds approaching 100,000 people, making it the largest marijuana- reform event in the nation. This year's event will take place on October 3 at the Boston Commons. For more information about the rally, please contact Bill Downing of Mass Cann NORML at (781) 944-2266. *** 6. Survey Finds American Teens Woefully Uninformed About Government A nationwide survey of 600 teens aged 13-17 found that they were overwhelmingly, if unsurprisingly, uninformed about the principles, makeup and history of the United States Government. The poll, conducted by the National Constitution Center and released this week (9/2/98), found that fewer than two percent recognized James Madison as the "father of the Constitution," that only two percent could identify William Rehnquist as the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, only 25 percent could name any one of the rights enumerated in the fifth amendment to the Constitution, and that more than 25 percent could not name Al Gore as the Vice President. Eric Sterling, President of the Criminal Justice Policy Foundation, told The Week Online, "It is enormously dangerous, and in fact it should be alarming, that kids are unaware of their government, and especially of the constitutional principles guaranteeing their liberties. The strength and the glory of the United States is the heritage of freedom that we have inherited from the framers. The fact is that if people are not aware of history, they run the risk of having someone supply an alternative history to them in pursuit of ends which would not otherwise be acceptable." Sterling continued, "In terms of the drug war, a survey like this underscores the fraudulency of the whole "send a message to our children" premise. In fact, I recall that during the debate over congressional drug testing, it was postulated that such a program would 'send a message to our youth.' Such is the enormity of the hubris of our elected representatives, assuming that once they pass a law the public reacts. In fact, for the most part the public, and especially kids, are not even aware that the government has acted at all." *** 7. California State Senate Adjourns Without Taking Action on Medical Marijuana Research Bill SACRAMENTO, Sep. 1: Senator Vasconcellos' medical marijuana research bill, SB 535, died as the result of a legislative accident today, when the State Senate was adjourned prematurely before the Assembly could finish business. SB 535 was on the floor of the Assembly and had a good shot at passage, when Senate President John Burton announced he was adjourning the State Senate early as part of a dispute with the Assembly concerning other matters. Medical marijuana backers were disappointed by the failure of SB 535, although Gov. Wilson was expected to veto the bill. They expect the bill will be re-introduced and signed into law next year, since both leading candidates for governor have announced their support for it. For more information, contact California NORML at (415) 563-5858 or e-mail email@example.com. *** 8. Afghani Opium Crop Grows Despite Taliban's Promises of Eradication According to The Independent, one of the United Kingdom's largest daily newspapers, a forthcoming United Nations report shows that new areas of Afghanistan are being used for the cultivation of opium poppies, and that despite poor weather conditions, next year's crop will be one of the largest ever. The Taliban, who have gained control of over 90% of the country, had previously promised to eradicate poppies in exchange for promises of economic aid from UN "Drug Czar" Pino Arlacchi. (See our prior coverage at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/021.html#taliban, http://www.drcnet.org/wol/053.html#taliban, and http://www.drcnet.org/wol/038.html#richardson, and http://www.drcnet.org/wol/021.html#editorial. *** 9. EDITORIAL: From Ignorance to Tyranny A poll released this week by the National Constitution Center found that the vast majority of American young people, aged 13-17, are woefully uninformed about their government. This would be worrisome in any case, but in a representative democracy whose leaders have shown over the past several years a willingness to trade constitutional principles for political expediency, it could well portend disaster. While nearly three of every four teens could identify Al Gore as the Vice President, the same percentage could not name even one right enumerated in the fifth amendment, and only two percent of the 600 teens queried could identify James Madison as the "father of the constitution" or William Rehnquist as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The Constitution of the United States of America was written for the purpose of limiting the power of government and making it accountable to the governed. This notion, that the governed ought be concerned with, and in control of, the actions of government, was not predicated upon some set of circumstances particular to the time; in fact it was based upon a deep understanding of both human nature and power itself. And the truths that applied then have not changed in the intervening 200 years, nor are they likely to change in the thousand to come. But no constitution, nor any written protection against tyranny no matter how old or how revered in the abstract, can ever protect the inalienable rights of men and women unless those men and women are watching closely over those given the privilege of power. And in order to be watchful, one must certainly understand that which is being watched. Not just for a single generation, but for time immemorial. It is therefore the sacred responsibility of each generation to teach its successors not only about the primacy of liberty and of the sacrifices made by their forefathers to achieve it, but about the mechanisms of government itself and of the terrifying ease with which that liberty, so hard won, can be lost again. But teaching citizens, much less teenagers, about the inherent corruptibility of power and the dangers of allowing it to operate outside of the strict supervision of the governed, is not in the interest of those doing the governing. And in case you are tempted to believe that I overstate the case, or that I misjudge the character of those whom we have elected, I invite you to try a little experiment. Call your elected official, your congressional representative will do nicely, and posit the following: "Hello madam legislator, I am a member of your constituency and I am troubled about my child's education in the public school as it relates to the United States and its government. I am a patriotic American you see, with a long and proud family tradition of military service, and I want very much to know if you believe that our young men and women should be taught to trust, or to distrust our government?" Listen closely to the answer that you get. Is it the same one that our founders would have given? Our kids, the ones who cannot identify their constitutional rights, are growing up in an America where, thanks largely to the Drug War, such niceties are increasingly becoming irrelevant. Drug-sniffing dogs roam their schools; curfew laws forbid their appearance in public for all but a few hours between the end of the school day and the onset of night; doors are kicked in as a matter of course based upon the flimsiest of evidence obtained from the shadiest of characters; property is seized upon mere suspicion of wrongdoing; private, consensual conduct is widely banned; the military is deployed domestically; the chemical composition of one's urine or blood or hair is the business of the state; purveyors of the arts and of entertainment are beseeched by the government to parrot the accepted ideology; citizens who have never harmed a soul save themselves sit in cages for long years with no discretion allowed the sentencing judge; children are urged, directly and indirectly, to turn in their parents; patients are forbidden their choice of treatment, their doctors threatened, spied upon and harassed; juries are forbidden from learning that they have the right to disregard the law if they feel that the outcome under its dictates would offend justice; and politicians and bureaucrats continuously urge that we, the people, give them even greater power so that they might protect us from each other. But who will protect us from them? The constitution is but a yellowing piece of paper without a citizenry engaged and informed enough to demand that its principles be adhered to. Look where we are. And look at the ignorance of large numbers of the generation to follow. Can we honestly say that things will get better? If the price of liberty is eternal vigilance, is the legacy that we are leaving our children rich enough to afford it? Or have we squandered the fortunes won and left to us by generations before, leaving our progeny doomed to oppression and want? Tyranny comes cheap. To earn it, one need only turn away. Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html on the web. Contributions to DRCNet are not tax-deductible. *** DRCNet *** JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ ONLINE LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
The articles posted here are generally copyrighted by the source publications. They are reproduced here for educational purposes under the Fair Use Doctrine (17 U.S.C., section 107). NORML is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit educational organization. The views of the authors and/or source publications are not necessarily those of NORML. The articles and information included here are not for sale or resale.
Comments, questions and suggestions.Reporters and researchers are welcome at the world's largest online library of drug-policy information, sponsored by the Drug Reform Coordination Network at: http://www.druglibrary.org/
Next day's news
Previous day's news
to the 1998 Daily News index for September 3-9
to the Portland NORML news archive directory
to 1998 Daily News index (long)
This URL: http://www.pdxnorml.org/980904.html