Portland NORML News - Friday, September 11, 1998

Just Vote No On Measure 57 (A Bulletin
From The American Antiprohibition League In Portland
About The Oregon Ballot Measure That Would Recriminalize Possession
Of Less Than One Ounce Of Marijuana Makes A Number Of Good Points,
Such As That The State Says It Would Cost $1.2 Million To Enforce
The New Law, Whereas The Legislative Record Suggests It Could Actually Cost
As Much As $18 Million, But Only $300,000 Has Been Budgeted,
Which Means Millions Of Tax Dollars Would Have To Come From Schools,
Roads And Other Priorities)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 13:11:50 -0700 (PDT)
From: Anti-Prohibition Lg (aal@inetarena.com)
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Subject: Re: Oregon: 57/67 Poll
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Portland, Oregon -- What could cost up to $18 million and instantly
create 500,000 new "criminals?"

Ballot Measure 57 could.


If Measure 57 passes in the Nov. 3 election it would create criminal
penalties (Class C misdemeanor) for possessing less than an ounce of
pot which, since 1973 has been classified as a simple violation like a
parking ticket, subject only to a fine albeit an outrageous one, $500 -

In 1973 then Gov. Tom McCall, with the backing of the
Portland City Club, reduced penalties for small amounts of
marijuana. On the day he signed the bill, July 21, he said, "...the
solution is not to toss youthful users into jail or prison. We long
ago recognized alcoholism to be a disease, and abandoned efforts to
treat alcoholics simply by locking them up."

But last year the Oregon Legislature and Gov. John
Kitzhaber made possession of any amount of pot a crime, blithely
pissing upon the grave of the much beloved Tom McCall. Refusing to be
branded a "criminal" by our own government and in coalition with
others, we stopped this stupid law with a Referendum petition drive
last summer, now it's on the ballot. Please Vote "NO" on Measure 57.

Drug war zealots, like State Sen. Eileen Qutub, R-Beaverton think
it's worth it "because it sends a message to young people..." Just
what "message" is the Senator sending? That we'd rather build prisons
for Johnny instead of schools? And when some fat cat Republican brags
about cutting taxes or reducing gubmit, remind him or her of Measure 57
and what it would cost.

The State says it would cost $1.2 million to enforce this new law.
But according to the Legislative Record it could actually cost as much
as $18 million. Only $300,000 has been budgeted which means millions
of tax dollars will have to come from schools, roads and other

Enforcement of this law will also result in even more violent
prisoners being released early. Already in Multnomah County 500
prisoners are released early every month. As County Circuit Court
Judge Frank Beardon said, [Measure 57] will make the already
revolving door of the jail house "spin like a top." The state
estimates 6,000 people will be charged with marijuana possession in

Prosecutors and law enforcement admit they will apply this law
selectively, thus adding more disrespect for the law in general.


Cayetano Supports Legalization Of Industrial Hemp ('The Associated Press'
Says Hawaii Representative Cynthia Thielen, A Republican,
Was The One Who Persuaded Democratic Governor Ben Cayetano)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 20:04:59 -0500
From: davewest (davewest@pressenter.com)
Reply-To: davewest@pressenter.com
To: davewest@pressenter.com
Subject: Hawaii: Cayetano supports legalization of industrial hemp

AP-HNL-09-11-98 1420PDT

Cayetano supports legalization of industrial hemp

Hilo, Hawaii (AP) - Republican Rep. Cynthia Thielen, an outspoken
advocate of the legalizaton of industrial hemp, has won over a new
supporter. And it's none other than Democratic Gov. Ben Cayetano.

Cayetano said Thursday that he occasionally wears an aloha shirt made
of hemp fibers given to him by the Kaneohe-Kailua representative.

Cayetano said the shirt has shown him the benefits of industrial hemp
seeds, which differ genetically from those grown for marijuana.

While recognizing the concerns about the illegal use of hemp, Cayetano
said the legalization of industrial hemp would help Hawaii's
agricultural industry.

Supporters of industrial hemp point out it can be used for
fibers, fuel and food.

Cayetano said the movement to legalize industrial hemp needs to improve
its image by using more respected spokespeople, such as Thielen.

Governor Supports Hemp Use ('The Hawaii Tribune-Herald' Version)

Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 17:14:58 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US HI: Governor Supports Hemp Use
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Roger Christie pakaloha@gte.net
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Source: Hawaii Tribune-Herald (Hilo, HI)
Contact: htrib@interpac.net
Author: Jason Armstrong


Candidates asked to state their positions in upcoming election

Gov. Ben Cayetano says he supports the legalization of industrial hemp
and believes the non-narcotic variety of the marijuana plant will
someday be grown in Hawaii.

That's one of the governor's positions on a number of issues reported
in the coming Sunday Tribune-Herald "Campaign '98" election guide.

The election guide featuring Cayetano's positions and those of more
than 75 other candidates will be offered in Sunday's edition at no
extra charge to Tribune-Herald readers.

Noting he wants to keep an open mind on the issue, Cayetano elaborated
his position Thursday, saying he accepted an aloha shirt made of hemp
fibers from state Rep. Cynthia Thielen, R-Kaneohe, who is an outspoken
hemp advocate.

"I wear occasionally a product made of hemp," Cayetano said of the
shirt, adding it has shown him the benefits of industrial hemp.

Hemp seeds differ genetically from those used to grow marijuana, which
has been cultivated to achieve greater concentrations of THC.

Hemp, which reportedly has only 2 to 3 percent THC content, can be
used to make food, fuel and fiber like that used in Cayetano's shirt.

"I recognize the concerns that people may have about its illegal use,"
Cayetano said. The governor said his stand supporting legalization of
industrial hemp is based on the condition that concerns regarding
smokable marijuana are first addressed.

He said legalization of hemp could help Hawaii's agricultural industry.

Cayetano said the hemp movement needs to improve its image by using
more respected spokeswomen like Thielen.

The 28-page supplement features stories on voting changes in this
year's elections along with proposals to amend both state and county
laws regarding such issues as same-sex marriages and an irradiation

Also included is career information provided by the candidates who
responded to the political survey along with their answers to an essay
question asking the most important issue of their respective campaigns.

The candidates also provide yes/no answers to a number of questions on
current issues ranging from legalization of hemp and construction of a
Big Island prison to building a food irradiator and use of the
county's Hamakua lands.

The guide may be used as a reference to help voters make informed
decisions at the polls.

Yes On 692 (Timothy W. Killian, Campaign Manager For Initiative 692,
Says 'The Seattle Post-Intelligencer' And KOMO Will Announce The Results
Of A Statewide Poll Monday Suggesting 62 Percent Of Voters
Favor The Medical Marijuana Ballot Measure Sponsored By Washington Citizens
For Medical Rights)

Subject: HT: I-692 Polling...
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 98 22:28:36 -0700
From: YES on 692 (cdpr@eventure.com)
To: "Hemp Talk" (hemp-talk@hemp.net)
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Hi Hemp Talk:

I just thought I would pass this along to the list...

On monday, the Seattle P.I. and KOMO will announce results of a statewide
poll on the November Initiatives. Here are the results of their polling
(800 voters, statewide, margin of 3.5 points)

On the ballot question of I-692:

Yes 62%
No 28%
Un 10%

This by no means assures victory in November, but it is good news

Timothy W. Killian

Campaign Manager
Initiative 692

Washington Citizens for Medical Rights


em: cdpr@eventure.com
url: http://www.eventure.com/I692


Postal Box 2346
Seattle, WA 98111
ph: 206.781-7716
fx: 206.324.3101

Todd McCormick's Book On Growing Medical Marijuana (Peter McWilliams
Of Prelude Press, A California Medical Marijuana Patient
And Federal Defendant, Publicizes The Online Book By Co-Defendant
Todd McCormick)
Link to 'How To Grow Medical Marijuana'
From: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
To: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
Subject: Todd McCormick's book on growing
medical marijuana
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 21:50:24 +0100


It's finished at last, the book for which I paid
Todd McCormick a $150,000 advance. (This is the
money the DEA claims to prove I am a drug kingpin
by financing Todd's grow operation, completely
ignoring the fact that I have been a publisher for
32 years.)

Please have a look at


Please tell all your friends and especially the
medical marijuana patients who can use this
information the most.

Take good care.


Peter McWilliams


From: "Todd McCormick" (todd@a-vision.com)
Subject: www.growmedicine.com
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 10:40:29 -0700


Dear Friends,

My first grow book is finished and available on-line, the file is in Adobe
Acrobat PDF format and is 5.1megs zipped and 6.4megs uncompressed.

Adobe Acrobat Reader is available free:

For the general public the first half is free and the second half is $4.95,
I hope it helps with the defense fund.

The book will be printed soon and sold for something like $5.95.

If you're interested in reading it and letting others know what you think,
please reply to this message and I will send you a password so you can
download the whole thing free.


Peace and Hempyness,

"One has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws."

Customs Agent Pleads Guilty To Kickback Charges In Hashish Case
('The San Francisco Chronicle' Says Senior US Customs Special Agent
Frank Gervacio Has Pleaded Guilty To Accepting $4,000 From An Informant
In The Case Of Thanong Siriprechapong, A Former Member Of The Thai Parliament
Arrested In 1996 On Charges Of Smuggling 49 Tons Of Hashish
Into The United States - Attorneys For Siriprechapong Want Charges Dismissed)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 15:29:27 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Customs Agent Pleads Guilty to Kickback Charges in
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Author: Bill Wallace, Chronicle Staff Writer


The lead U.S. Customs agent in a politically sensitive hashish
smuggling prosecution has pleaded guilty to accepting a kickback from
a key informant in the case.

The guilty plea, entered yesterday by Senior Special Agent Frank
Gervacio, has raised new questions about federal drug trafficking
charges that are pending against Thanong Siriprechapong, a former
member of the Thai parliament who was arrested in 1996 on charges of
smuggling 49 tons of hashish into the United States.

Gervacio could be sentenced to one year in federal prison and fined
$100,000 when he appears before U.S. District Court Judge Vaughn
Walker for sentencing October 26.

As part of his plea, Gervacio was dismissed from the Customs Service
post he held for 15 years and declared unfit for employment by
federal, state or local law enforcement agencies. Should Gervacio
apply for such a job, the Justice Department will inform the agency of
his crime.

In his plea agreement, Gervacio admitted taking $4,000 in cash from
the informant after helping the man collect a $110,875 federal reward
for his assistance in the Siriprechapong case.

Papers filed in U.S. District Court say that the informant attempted
to hand Gervacio an envelope containing the money while riding with
the agent in his government issue car in August 1992, but Gervacio
told him it would be better to drop the envelope on the car's floor.

Gervacio then lied to federal investigators looking into the kickback
by telling them that he had not solicited the kickback. In fact, he
had asked for the money in a telephone conversation with the informant
in April 1992.

Because of the kickback, attorneys for Siriprechapong have filed
papers with Judge Walker asking that the indictment against the former
Thai politician be dropped due to government misconduct.

They have noted that prosecutors were aware of the payment to Gervacio
for nine months and did not disclose it until just before
Siriprechapong's trial was scheduled to begin.

They also said that Gervacio's past misstatements about the payment
raise questions about his credibility if he is called to testify
during Siriprechapong's trial.

Federal prosecutors acknowledge that Gervacio played a crucial role in
the investigation that led to Siriprechapong's arrest, and was a
central witness before the grand jury that issued the indictment. But
they have said they have ample evidence and witnesses to win a
conviction without Gervacio's testimony at trial.

1998 San Francisco Chronicle

Over-Avid Policemen (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Orange County Register'
Complains That Two Police Officers On Monday Walked From Group To Group
At Aliso Creek Beach, Asking To Look In People's Coolers
For Alcoholic Beverages)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 10:09:17 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: Over-Avid Policemen
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W.Black
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998


Monday, while I was trying to enjoy a quiet day at Aliso Creek Beach, I
noticed two police officers (Beach Patrol) walking from group to group
asking people to look in their coolers. Nobody denied them for fear of
further hassles, but some people actually were caught with alcoholic
beverages in their coolers.

They were immediately required to dump their booze and were given a citation.

I always thought that a police officer wasn't supposed to bother you unless
your activity was suspicious, but, in this case, everybody on the beach was

This was not about protecting or serving the community, but more a form of
extortion to raise money. And to see this happen on the last summer
holiday of the year disgusted me.

I respect and support our police department, but these tactics have to stop.

Bob Ipema-Laguna Niguel

Colorado Initiative On November Ballot (Dave Fratello
Of Americans For Medical Rights Says A Denver Judge Ruled This Morning
That Colorado Secretary Of State Victoria Buckley Wrongly Excluded
Thousands Of Voter Signatures For The Medical Marijuana Initiative
Sponsored By Coloradans For Medical Rights)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 22:55:28 GMT
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: Colorado initiative on Nov. ballot
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

News from Colorado this morning:

A Denver judge has ordered the Coloradans for Medical Rights (CMR)
initiative to appear on the November 3 ballot, reversing a finding that the
measure had insufficient signatures of registered voters.

CMR appealed an August 6 ruling by secretary of state Victoria Buckley,
which held that a random sample of 4,000 signatures had fallen 2% below the
threshhold of valid signatures needed to conduct a line-by-line check of
the entire petition. CMR proved that hundreds of signatures were improperly
held invalid due to sloppy data entry errors and a process that was flawed
on several other counts.

Secretary Buckley is under heavy fire in Colorado for her office's deeply
flawed work on several petitions this year. One measure, for instance,
pertaining to term limits, was placed on the ballot "by default" after
Buckley's office failed to even conduct the random-sample check within 30

CMR convinced Secretary Buckley and the Attorney General of 2 things before
the morning hearing:

1) that the sample had been fatally flawed, and that a proper count would
have shown the petition DID have sufficient signatures to proceed to the
next stage of verification, and

2) that the remedy sought by CMR -- immediate placement on the November
ballot -- was agreeable to both the state and the petitioners.

The only issue at the hearing was whether a line-by-line check on the
petition would now be conducted on the 88,815 signatures turned in over 2
months ago. The judge ruled that such a count now was unnecessary,
unworkable in view of Buckley's office's recent history, and also not
authorized by Colorado law.

Thus begins the campaign...

dave fratello


Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 18:16:24 GMT
To: "AMR.coordinators":@lainet1.lainet.com, ";AMR.Internal.list"
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: !!! Colorado init is ON BALLOT !
Cc: "AMR/updates.list":;

This morning in Denver a judge overturned the Colorado Secretary of State's
finding that the Coloradans for Medical Rights initiative did not appear to
have sufficient signatures.

work by the secretary's office...

Thanks to PCI for gathering signatures, Klinton Kinder of PCI for working
overtime for weeks and proving that the initial signature drive was
sufficient, and everyone on the campaign and legal teams for preparing the
successful appeal.

This makes FIVE initiatives sponsored by AMR that will appear on the
November ballot...

-- dave fratello

The secretary's office has indicated that she may appeal the decision
immediately to the state supreme court, most likely on the narrow issue
that the secretary ought to have the right to conduct a line-by-line check
of the entire petition's 88,815 signatures.

Loopholes Cited In Petition Process (According To 'The Rocky Mountain News'
Version, A Temporary Clerk In The Colorado Secretary Of State's Office Said
Her Group Of Ballot Petition Checkers Had Almost No Supervision Or Training
And Didn't Understand The Rules For Rejecting Petition Signatures)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 16:24:30 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CO: Loopholes Cited In Petition Process
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Source: Rocky Mountain News (CO)
Contact: letters@denver-rmn.com
Website: http://insidedenver.com/news/
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Author: Deborah Frazier Rocky Mountain News Staff Writer


Signatures checked by temporary workers with little experience

A temporary clerk in the secretary of state's office said her group of
ballot petition checkers had almost no supervision or training.

They also didn't understand the rules for rejecting petition signatures,
said Laurie Gaylord Simco, who worked in the election office from July
until late August.

"It is so dumb to leave a bunch of temps, including me, to do something in
the public interest," said Simco, who has a master's degree in finance and
marketing. "Training was a five-minute deal.

"The temps tried as hard as they could. They were all either high school or
college kids and mommies, like me. We asked for more people and we got an
absolute stonewall.

"America deserves better."

Secretary of State Victoria Buckley has come under criticism in recent
weeks for her office's failure to verify two ballot-measure petitions
within 30 days. The issues were automatically placed on the November.

Buckley did not respond to requests for comment.

But Mike Fortinberry of the state Republican Party defended Buckley, who is
up for re-election in November. "Checking signatures only takes five
minutes of training. We continue to have faith the secretary of state is
doing the best job possible."

Buckley has said the elections office was short-staffed because of
resignations, illness and the difficulty of finding good people through the
state's personnel system. She also has said the turnover in temporaries was

Under previous secretaries of state, an experienced elections officer
stayed with the temporary workers for the whole shift, answering dozens of
questions on what was valid or invalid, fixing errors and checking the

But during Simco's tenure, the petition supervisor was in the counting room
in the mornings to get new temporaries started and after lunch to count
noses. If they had questions, they were to ask a "veteran" temp -- someone
with a few days experience.

"He gave it his best effort and so did we," she said.

Simco said the lack of supervision was critical on a marijuana petition,
which Buckley ruled did not have enough valid signatures to be placed on
the November ballot. The proposal would have legalized use of marijuana for
medical reasons.

Not all petition signatures are checked. A computer selects several
thousand signatures at random, and the temporary clerks see if they belong
to registered voters. A statistical forumla is used to determine whether
the random sample results indicate the entire petition contains enough
signatures to be placed on the ballot.

Simco said the crew started to verify the random sample of marijuana
signatures, but received several different sets of directions. Many of the
clerks wanted to save time by checking the first 1,200 signatures, rather
than the random signatures selected by the computer.

"There was no one to ask," she said. Simco said she convinced the other
temps to use the random sample.

When they were nearly finished, they were told the random sample was
faulty, Simco said. The crew was then ordered to do a line-by-line count,
but was told to stop after about 1,500 signatures were checked.

Buckley, based on the random sample results, disqualified the petitions for
not having enough valid signatures.

"We don't know that," said Simco, who has worked for other state agencies.
"We had trouble with the random sample and only worked for a limited time
on the line-by-line before we were told to stop."

The random sample also was faulty for the petition requiring parental
notification when a minor seeks an abortion, Simco said. The temps were
told to do a line-by line count, but ran out of time. The 30-day limit for
the verification process had expired, and by law, the measure was put on
the ballot by default.

Backers of the marijuana initiative will be in court today to have a judge
overrule Buckley and put their issue on the ballot.

"They have grounds. We screwed it up," said Simco. "We worked on it and
tried hard and no one should be hung on it."

Luther Symons, spokesman for the marijuana initiative, said backers were
never told about the line-by-line count. Their own check of the random
sample found 211 signatures ruled invalid that should not have been.

Most of the 211 names were entered into the computer incorrectly, he said.

Ed Ramey, attorney for the marijuana backers, said, "It looks like it
occurred because there was ... inadequate training or inadequate
supervision in a context of a very high volume of work."

Carolyne Kelley was a full-time elections office employee in charge of
checking petitions until she quit in July -- a week before Simco started.
She said Simco's supervisor had about a year's experience in elections, but
had never worked with petition initiatives.

"I don't think any of the petitions were proofed," said Kelley. "We used to
proof them and pick up the entry errors. You have to have someone there
with the temporaries."

Simco said she blamed the process, not Buckley, for the problems. She
described Buckley as a friendly person who wasn't there often, but was
empathetic to the temporary workers.

"In public accounting, I've never seen anything with this level of hazard,"
said Simco. "There have been some serious errors, but no malfeasance."

Author Calls Drug War A 'Disastrous Failure' ('The Ft. Worth Star Telegram'
Covers A Talk At The Local Rotary Club By Mike Gray About His New Book,
'Drug Crazy')

From: adbryan@ONRAMP.NET
Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 11:25:43 -0500 (CDT)
Subject: ART: Author calls drug war a `disastrous failure'
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Cc: editor@mapinc.org
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Here's the Mike Gray piece from the 9-11-98 Ft. Worth Star Telegram.


Author calls drug war a `disastrous failure'
By Susan Gill Vardon
Star-Telegram Staff Writer

PLANO -- The country is experiencing a heroin epidemic, but the
escalating U.S. drug war is only making matters worse, author Mike Gray

"What we have to show for our efforts is eighth-grade heroin users," he
told an audience of about 100 yesterday. "It is happening here and in
Los Angeles, Chicago and Denver. It is a tragedy of monumental

In Plano, where the heroin- related deaths of at least 18 young people
have shocked residents and made national headlines, Gray had a captive
audience at a Rotary Club meeting as he described why he believes that
the government's war on the $400 billion worldwide illegal drug business
has been a "disastrous failure."

By funneling billions of dollars to beef up law enforcement efforts and
to imprison scores of small-time drug users and dealers, the U.S. policy
has led to more violence and prison crowding, he said. The government's
zeal has made narcotics more attractive to young people and has created
a booming black market for drugs, he said.

"For God's sake, get this stuff out of the hands of children," said
Gray, the author of Drug Crazy, published this year. "But we have
created a market where the children are on the front lines and have to
be armed."

Alternatives, Gray said, are to provide treatment instead of punishment
for users and to put drug distribution under government control through
medical regulation and taxation.

Gray said he spent six years researching and writing his book, hanging
out with Chicago police officers during street drug busts, touring the
U.S.-Mexico border to see smuggling interdiction efforts and visiting
England to see a program that provides heroin addicts with daily doses.

Gray, who also wrote the screenplay for the movie The China Syndrome,
said that he isn't advocating making drugs such as heroin and cocaine
available to anyone on the street.

"I want to make them less available," he said. "You can have drugs
controlled by the state or by the mob. The mob doesn't ask for I.D."
Howard Shapiro, a Plano attorney who is representing one of the
defendants facing a possible life sentence in a Plano drug trial
scheduled to begin Jan. 5, said he thought that Gray's talk was

"For 25 years I've been representing kids whose lives have been ruined
by drugs," Shapiro said. "We've just created a generation of criminals.
Punishment is not the answer."

Shapiro's wife, state Sen. Florence Shapiro, R-Plano, is among
legislators leading the charge to toughen drug laws and to increase
criminal penalties for dealers.

Mike Teague, a reserve officer with the Collin County Sheriff's
Department, said he agreed with most of Gray's talk, but not all.

"We're definitely not winning the war on drugs," Teague said. "I do know
we're creating a lot of prisoners who we need to give hope to. They make
a mistake and their lives are ruined.

"But I'm not sure about legalizing drugs," he said. "There's a big
difference between legalizing alcohol and cocaine or heroin."

Susan Gill Vardon, (817) 685- 3805
Send your comments to gillvardon@star-telegram.com

Hemp's Benefits Outlined (According To 'The Bismarck Tribune,'
A Study Directed By David Kraenzel Of The North Dakota State University
Agriculture Economics Department Was Presented To The State Legislative
Interim Commerce And Agriculture Committee Thursday Afternoon - The Report
Says Industrial Hemp Has Potential As An Alternative Crop And Recommends
That It Be Grown For Experimental Production And Processing)

Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 07:30:59 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US ND: Hemp Study Released By North Dakota
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Joe Hickey (agfuture@kih.net)
Source: Bismarck Tribune (ND)
Contact: BismarckTribune@ndonline.com
Website: http://www.ndonline.com/
Pubdate: 11 Sep 1998
Author: Mark Hanson, Bismarck Tribune


A North Dakota State University study says industrial hemp has potential as
an alternative crop in the state and recommends that the crop be grown for
experimental production and processing.

The study, led by David Kraenzel of the NDSU agriculture economics
department, was presented to the Legislative Interim Commerce and
Agriculture Committee Thursday afternoon at the Capitol.

"There's real potential for this as a rotation crop with North Dakota
crops," Kraenzel told the committee via telephone.

NDSU did the study at the request of the state Legislature. The objective
was to assess the economic feasibility and desirability of industrial hemp
production in North Dakota.

Since the crop has been illegal to grow in the United States since 1937,
very little information is available on its production. But the NDSU
report, as well as comments by the committee members, were positive and
supportive of growing the crop on an experimental basis.

"In a year we will have better data from Canada and that will give us the
best bench mark figures," said Tim Petry of NDSU. Canada legalized
industrial hemp last year.

Industrial hemp has more than 25,000 uses from cardboard, construction
products, cosmetics, fabrics and foods to inks, paper and plastics.

Nick Boutrous of Bismarck, whose brothers own a company in San Francisco
that sells products such as clothing and cosmetics made of industrial hemp,
told the committee that North Dakota needs to take the lead role. If enough
pressure is placed at the federal level, he said, then Congress and
President Clinton would have to look at legalizing the growing of
industrial hemp.

Another concern is law enforcement's feelings about the crop. Because the
plant resembles cannabis, or the hemp that is smoked to get high, law
enforcement officials are worried that cannabis plants would be grown with
hemp plants.

Industrial hemp contains less than 1 percent of the chemical that causes
the high, making it worthless as a drug, but marijuana contains 10 to 20

"How do you regulate it? Someone could put a patch of say 100 plants of
regular marijuana in a farmer's field and we couldn't tell the difference,"
Jerry Kemmet, chief agent of the Bureau of Criminal Investigation's
narcotics division in Bismarck, said in a March interview. "They put me in
the position where I have to arrest the farmer and the federal government
can come in and seize the land."

Aside from law enforcement issues, which will better be understood now that
Canada has grown the crop for a year, the NDSU study looked at the
positives industrial hemp could create in the state.

The crop would perform best in the eastern one third of the state, or under
irrigated conditions and the produce could be used as an oil seed, as a raw
product or to create certified seed.

The biggest cost for growing the crop today is lack of seed. It would have
to be imported. Profitability, however, could be as high as $141 an acre,
based on the study.

The study also found that the crop naturally controlled Canadian thistle as
well as other weeds.

Kraenzel also asked during the meeting if he can release the report to the

"Growers and processors have been champing at the bit to get their hands on
the report," he said. (END)

Fee Increase Will Pay For Drug Testing ('The New Haven Register'
Says Two Lifeguards In Orange, Connecticut, Who Were Fired Last Summer
For Allegedly Possessing Marijuana On The Job Prompted Town Officials
To Raise Parks Department Fees To Pay For A Random Drug Testing Program)

Date: Fri, 2 Oct 1998 14:16:54 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CT: Fee Increase Will Pay For Drug Testing
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Source: New Haven Register (CT)
Contact: editor@ctcentral.com
Website: http://www.ctcentral.com/
Pubdate: 11 Sep 1998
Author: James Kane


ORANGE - Two town lifeguards fired for allegedly possessing marijuana on
the job last summer prompted town officials to raise parks department fees
to pay for a random drug testing program.

The Board of Selectmen unanimously supported a 5 percent cost increase on
programs run through the Park and Recreation department in order to pay for
the drug-testing initiative.

"There was previously no drug testing for camp counselors and lifeguards,
and these are the people who watch our children," said First Selectman
Robert Sousa.

The selectmen proposed the random testing and pre-employment screening
earlier this year, in the wake of last year's firing of two lifeguards and
the suspension of their supervisor.

No arrests were made in the incident.

Although most officials agreed the drug prevention program is a good idea,
there's been some debate about how to pay for the safety measures. Last
month, the Park and Recreation Commisson asked the Board of Finance for a
special allocation, but the board said no.

Finance officials said the drug tests should be paid for through revenues
from parks department programs, considering that most of the employees to
be screened are summer workers and not full-time town employees.

"Why should the taxpayers pay for drug tests on workers in programs which
fund themselves?" Finance Director Chiarenzelli asked.

Parks department Director Al Baines approached the Board of Selectman and
asked for the fee increase to pay for the drug tests.

"With these increases, we're looking to take in an additional $6,000 to
$10,000 a year," Baines said.

Each drug test costs $51, and the program would randomly test all camp
counselors and lifeguards.

The department employs more than non-union 150 workers over the summer, and
50 during the rest of the year, town officials said.

In November, two lifeguards at the town pool at High Plains Community
Center allegedly in possession of marijuana were fired, and their
supervisor was suspended for failing to report the incident in a timely

"We want lifeguards and other people around our kids to not be on drugs,"
First Selectman Robert Sousa said.

"Everyone who works for the Town of Orange and is in a position in which
they are dealing with our children will be fired if it is discovered they
have used drugs," Sousa said.

Full-time town employees will also be drug-tested in the future to comply
with state rules, Chiarenzelli said.

Ex-Cop Jailed, Stole Pot ('The Philadelphia Inquirer' Says Michael McCue,
A Former Philadelphia Police Officer Who Was Assigned To A US
Drug Enforcement Administration Task Force In The Early 1990s,
Was Sentenced Yesterday To A Year And A Day In Prison By A Federal Judge
For Stealing About 70 Pounds Of Marijuana In 1992 That He And A Partner
Were Supposed To Destroy)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 16:19:40 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US PA: Ex-Cop Jailed, Stole Pot
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA)
Contact: Inquirer.Opinion@phillynews.com
Website: http://www.phillynews.com/
Pubdate: September 11, 1998
Author: Jim Smith Daily News Staff Writer


A former Philadelphia police officer was sentenced yesterday to a year and
a day in prison by a federal judge for stealing about 70 pounds of
marijuana that he and a partner were supposed to destroy.

At the time of the theft in 1992, the defendant, Michael McCue, had been a
trusted undercover "narc" who had been detailed to a U.S. Drug Enforcement
Administration task force for several years.

His police and DEA supervisors apparently didn't notice, but McCue also was
heavily addicted to drugs, himself, including cocaine and methamphetamine,
throughout the time he was out busting street drug traffickers, according
to McCue's own testimony.

The marijuana McCue was supposed to destroy was no longer needed as
evidence, and was to be burned at an incinerator in Harrisburg.

McCue and his partner, who wasn't identified and is still a Philadelphia
police officer, merely substituted books and burned the books, authorities

The prosecutor said evidence against the partner -- primarily McCue's
confession and testimony -- will now be turned over to the Police
Department, prompting the judge to suggest that this should have been done
a long time ago.

It's too late to prosecute the partner for criminal conduct, since the
statute of limitations has expired. McCue's 366-day sentence -- he'll get
about 47 days off for good behavior -- was a break.

His sentencing guidelines called for a prison term in the range of 24 to 30
months. But U.S. District Judge Jay Waldman found that McCue had turned his
life around, had been drug free for more than five years, had been
counseling drug addicts and had begun a new career, as a chef.

House Resolution 372 Scheduled For Next Week (A Bulletin
From Americans For Medical Rights Says Congress Has Decided To Hold A Vote
Next Week On The Anti-Medical Marijuana Legalism That Was Quietly
Put On The Back Burner After The California Medical Association
Endorsed Rescheduling Cannabis So Physicians Could Prescribe It)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 19:34:40 GMT
To: "AMR.coordinators":@lainet1.lainet.com, ";AMR.Internal.list"
From: Dave Fratello (amr@lainet.com)
Subject: HR 372 scheduled for next week
Cc: "AMR/updates.list":;

I have just learned that Congress has scheduled the long-delayed,
not-forgotten vote on House Resolution 372 for next week.

HR 372 is the resolution stating that marijuana is a dangerous, addictive
drug that should not be used for medical purposes. The resolution expressly
urges voters to reject ballot initiatives or other efforts to legalize the
medical use of marijuana.

Take note, this has been scheduled for a vote several times before, since
it was introduced in February, but without coming up for real.

A key issue in the vote on H. Res. 372 will be whether it comes up on
Tuesday evening "under suspension of the rules," meaning: 1) no amendments
will be permitted, 2) opponents could be barred from speaking on it, and 3)
a 2/3 vote of the House would be required to pass it. We have learned over
the months that the 2/3 vote may not be there for the Republican-sponsored

- Dave Fratello
Americans for Medical Rights


[A few of the most items at this site about House Resolution 372:]

Medicinal Marijuana Vote Postponed (May 4 -
Marijuana Policy Project In Washington, DC, Says The Republicans In Charge
Of The US House Of Representatives Have Again Put Off A Vote
On House Resolution 372 - Call Your Congressman Now!)

Status Of Vote On House Resolution 372 (May 4 - More Details
From Keith Stroup Of NORML)

Letter To US Representative Conyers From The American Bar Association
Opposing House Resolution 372, The Anti-Medical Marijuana Legalism)

Urgent Alert - First Ever Medicinal Marijuana Vote To Be
On Tuesday (May 2 - The Marijuana Policy Project Asks You To Call Or Fax
Your US Representative Monday To Vote Against House Resolution 372,
Opposing Medical Marijuana - Instructions Included)

Medical Marijuana Insanity (April 30 - A Letter To The Editor
Of 'City On A Hill Press' At The University Of California-Santa Cruz
Urges Readers To Contact Their US Representative And Ask Him Or Her
To Vote 'No' On House Resolution 372, The Anti-Medical Marijuana 'Message')

Update On House Resolution 372, Notes On Republican Drug War
News Conference (An Excellent First Person Account Of The GOP Hatefest
From Chuck Thomas Of The Marijuana Policy Project In Washington, DC -
Gingrich Vows That 'Any Other Federal Spending Program Would Be Cut
If Necessary To Fund The New Drug War')

North Texas Named High-Intensity Drug Zone ('The Dallas Morning News'
Says The White House Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrey, On Thursday
Named Dallas, Tarrant And Collin Counties In Texas The 21st High Intensity
Drug Trafficking Area Under A Federal Program Begun In 1990 - The Region
Will Reap As Much As $5 Million Extra In Federal Anti-Drug Money Next Year)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 12:51:48 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US TX: N. Texas Named High-Intensity Drug Zone
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Source: Dallas Morning News (TX)
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Authors: David LaGesse and Bill Lodge, The Dallas Morning News


Area eligible for more enforcement money

North Texas has received its long-awaited designation as a High Intensity
Drug Trafficking Area and stands to reap as much as $5 million in additional
anti-drug money next year, federal officials said Thursday.

Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey named Dallas, Tarrant and Collin counties as part
of the new 13-county North Texas zone, making the area eligible for money
recently approved by Congress.

U.S. Attorney Paul Coggins and Special Agent Julio Mercado, head of the Drug
Enforcement Administration's Dallas office, requested the designation more
than a year ago. Lobbying intensified in the last year with the wave of
heroin-related deaths in the Dallas area.

"I'm ecstatic that it finally came through," Mr. Coggins said.

Agent Mercado predicted the infusion of cash and equipment will enable about
50 local, state and federal agencies to wage a more efficient war against
drug rings in the area, which has a population of more than 4 million.

"We've identified 86 different drug organizations in North Texas and
Oklahoma," he said. "The majority are in Texas. We'll know who the enemy

High-intensity spending, already used in Houston and El Paso and proposed
for East Texas, helps encourage cooperation among local and federal police

"The illegal use of narcotics and the trafficking of narcotics are the root
of much of the violent crime in North Texas," said Mr. McCaffrey, White
House drug policy director.

Agent Mercado said he has worked in the San Juan, Puerto Rico,
high-intensity area, which yielded almost immediate results.

"In the first year of operation, we took out three major drug
organizations," he said, adding that one of the groups was responsible for
at least 40 deaths. "We'll be able to do that here, now."

More than 100 investigators from member agencies will be housed in one
building, which will contain an intelligence center that should allow
investigators to track drug distributors more quickly, Agent Mercado said.

"Everybody can get a clearer picture of what is going on in North Texas," he
said. "It's long overdue. There is a problem in Dallas that must be

Agent Mercado and Mr. Coggins said the Dallas area has become a major
collection point for heroin, cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamines and other
illegal drugs shipped to other cities nationwide.

They emphasize that 40 percent of those drugs remain in the Dallas area,
many of them sold to teenagers.

The heroin-overdose deaths of 18 young people with Plano ties since 1994
have made national news. In July, a 50-page federal indictment for dealing
heroin and cocaine in Plano was issued against 29 people, 16 of them
students in Plano schools.

Dallas police officials, who have supported the high-intensity designation
as a tool for coordinating anti-drug efforts, said Thursday they were
pleased with the new designation.

Police Chief Ben Click supports information-sharing between law enforcement
agencies, calling the job of battling transnational drug networks too
diffuse for a single department.

"Chief Click believes it will be very beneficial in our fight against drug
trafficking in Dallas," said Sgt. Jim Chandler, a department spokesman.

The North Texas area includes Dallas, Collin, Denton, Ellis, Henderson,
Hood, Hunt, Johnson, Kaufman, Lubbock, Parker, Rockwall and Tarrant

Congress voted $5 million in spending for the North and East Texas areas in
the fiscal year that begins next month, although the money needs final
congressional and White House budget approval.

East Texas isn't expected to receive final approval for several months,
leaving most of next year's money for North Texas, officials said.

The North Texas zone can begin operating soon with a $250,000 stake from the
drug czar's office, officials said.

Houston was one of the first zones approved for the high-intensity program.
The money has helped police there discourage trafficking, said Sen. Kay
Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas.

"Houston has made great strides, and the dealers have started to come to
Dallas," she said.

Administration officials credit Ms. Hutchison with leading the congressional
fight for funding, aided by Dallas-area House members.

"We've had tremendous support from our politicians in Washington on both
sides of the aisle," Mr. Coggins said.

North Texas becomes the 21st drug-trafficking zone named under the federal
program, which began in 1990. Selecting the high-intensity zones has become
very political, said Rep. Pete Sessions, R-Dallas.

"But we were able to get the drug czar to say that Dallas was the most
deserving, non-HIDTA area," he said.

Staff writer Dave Michaels in Dallas contributed to this report.

New Anti-Depression Drug Targets Different Brain Chemical
(According To An 'Associated Press' Article In 'The Seattle Times,'
An Account Published Today In The Journal 'Science' Says Scientists
With Merck And Company Have Stumbled Onto An Experimental Anti-Depressant
That Targets A Mysterious Brain Chemical That Until Now, Doctors Did Not Know
Was At Work In Mental Disorders)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Anti-depression drug targets different brain chemical
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 18:33:42 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company
Posted at 08:22 a.m. PDT; Friday, September 11, 1998
New anti-depression drug targets different brain chemical

by Lauran Neergaard
The Associated Press

WASHINGTON - Scientists may have stumbled onto an entirely new way to treat
depression: an experimental drug that targets a mysterious brain chemical
that until now, doctors did not know was at work in mental disorders.

Merck & Co.'s new drug, the subject of an account published today in the
journal Science, works on a chemical pathway that differs from every
antidepressant sold today and offers hope to patients who get no help from
standard therapies.

"This is really very important," said Dr. Steven Hyman, director of the
government's National Institute on Mental Health, who is familiar with the
findings. "To everybody's surprise, it (the new drug) was robustly effective
for depression."

Encouraged by the first positive results in human testing, Merck is rapidly
planning the large-scale Phase III studies required before its new drug
would be eligible to sell.

Depression is the nation's most prevalent mental-health problem, affecting
about 15 million Americans at some point in their lives. Americans spend
about $3 billion a year on drugs to battle it. Those drugs do help many
patients, but they can cause serious side effects.

Also, some 20 percent of patients get no help from today's medicines, which
all target either serotonin or norepinephrine, brain chemicals called
neurotransmitters, Hyman said. So scientists have long hunted another way to
attack depression.

Merck says its new drug, MK-869, may succeed by targeting a brain chemical
called substance P.

In a study of 213 patients with moderate to severe depression, Merck tested
MK-869 against Paxil, a popular and effective antidepressant, or against a
placebo. During the six-week study, MK-869 relieved depression as
effectively as Paxil did, but with fewer side effects, Merck lead researcher
Dr. Mark Kramer reported in Science.

"The idea of a whole new neurochemical system that might be in hyperdrive .
. . is a really exciting thing, and offers a new window for understanding"
depression, Kramer explained.

Rising Star In Mexico Cocaine Trade Killed ('Reuters'
Says Rafael Munoz Talavera, Who Was Allegedly Trying To Become
The Godfather Of The Mexican Drugs Trade, Was Gunned Down Thursday
In The Northern Border City Of Ciudad Juarez And Found Stuffed
In An Armored Pick-Up Truck)

Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 09:10:01 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Mexico: WIRE: Rising Star
In Mexico Cocaine Trade Killed
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (mmfamily@ix.netcom.com)
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Source: Reuters


MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - A man allegedly trying to become the godfather
of the Mexican drugs trade was gunned down Thursday in the northern
border city of Ciudad Juarez, state news agency Notimex reported today.

Rafael Munoz Talavera, described by the U.S. Drug Enforcement
Administration (DEA) as an emerging drug kingpin, was found stuffed in
an armored pick-up truck in a suburb of the city, which has been hit
hard by drug violence recently, the news agency said.

The report could not immediately be confirmed.

Munoz Talavera's family had identified the corpse, Notimex said,
quoting Hugo Chavez, a spokesman for the state attorney general's
office in northern Chihuahua state.

Chavez said residents in the Juarez suburb of El Colegio reported an
abandoned vehicle with a body slumped inside early on Thursday to
police. Juarez lies across the border from El Paso, Texas.

U.S. officials said earlier this year that Munoz Talavera, whose age
was not widely known, was trying to replace the late Amado Carrillo
Fuentes at the helm of the so-called Juarez cartel, one of Mexico's
most powerful drug gangs.

``(Munoz Talavera) is a very capable drug trafficker and he is out
there trying to form alliances,'' one U.S. official said at the time.

Carrillo Fuentes, known as ``Lord of the Skies'' for his brazen tactic
of flying a plane from Colombia loaded with drugs, died during a
botched plastic surgery operation to alter his appearance in Mexico
City on July 4, 1997.

Shortly after his death, a deadly turf war broke out in Juarez that
claimed the lives of at least 60 people. Scores of bodies have turned
up in the trunks of cars with plastic bags around their heads.

Mexican authorities said Munoz Talavera appeared to be fighting other
lieutenants in the cartel for control.

U.S. intelligence officials also said Munoz Talavera was trying to
forge an alliance between the Juarez cartel and other cartels, notably
the bloodthirsty Arellano Felix gang in Tijuana, across the border
from San Diego, California.

Notimex on Friday described Munoz Talavera as a top member of the
Arellano gang, which is led by three brothers. One of the brothers,
Ramon, is on the FBI 10 Most Wanted List.

Munoz Talavera always denied being a drug trafficker. Late last year,
he took out full-page newspaper advertisements saying he was just a
``simple, hard-working person.''

Mexican and U.S. anti-drug officials, however, said Munoz Talavera was
closely linked to Carrillo's predecessor at the cartel, Rafael Aguilar
Guajardo, gunned down by rivals in a Cancun restaurant in 1993.

Munoz had already been caught and jailed the previous year and
received a 15-year sentence for drugs offenses. He was released in
1996 after serving just 3-1/2 years in a move that angered the DEA.

Cloud Over Mexican Anti-Drug Force (A 'Washington Post' Article
In 'The International Herald-Tribune' Discusses The Investigation
Into Systemic Corruption In Mexico's GAFE, Consisting Of US-Trained
Airmobile Special Forces, Established In Response To Other Corrupt Mexican
Law Enforcement And Military Groups)

Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 14:03:57 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Mexico: Cloud Over Mexican Anti-Drug Force
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Peter Webster
Source: International Herald-Tribune
Contact: iht@iht.com
Website: http://www.iht.com/
Pubdate: 11 Sept 1998
Author: Douglas Farah and Molly Moore, Washington Post Service


Two years ago, U.S. and Mexican officials, frustrated by corruption
in Mexican law-enforcement agencies called on the Mexican Army to take
the lead in fighting the drug war. Forming the backbone of the effort
were new, screened units trained by the U.S. Special Forces and given
helicopters for mobility.

But now the program is facing the same evil it was formed to combat.
About 80 members of the elite units have been under investigation in
recent weeks amid allegations that some of them took hundreds of
thousands of dollars in bribes to sneak cocaine-filled suitcases and
illegal immigrants through the Mexico City airport on their way to
the United States.

Nine of these Mexican soldiers have been jailed on formal charges and
five more have been detained. On Sunday, civilian authorities removed
40 of the troops trained under the Special Forces program from their
assignments at the airport as a result of the corruption investigation.

The Mexican units, whose leaders were given Special Forces training at
Fort Bragg, North Carolina, are called Airmobile Special Forces and
are widely known by their Spanish acronym GAFE.

The United States pays $28 million a year for the program, and 252
Mexican officers were trained in its -first 18 months, with another
156 officers scheduled for training by the end of fiscal 1998,
according to the Pentagon.

The U.S.-trained officers then train other groups in Mexico, and by
now there are supposed to be 42 units of 100 soldiers each stationed
around the country.

Candidates for the elite units are vetted by Mexican and U.S.
officials. Those sent for training in the United States have their
names checked against databases of suspected drug traffickers kept by
the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Central Intelligence Agency
and the Defense Intelligence Agency. They also receive higher salaries
than troops outside the units to make bribes less tempting.

The elite troops who worked at the Mexico City airport were trained by
Mexican trainers, not directly by U.S. Special Forces. But U.S.
officials said the indications of possible graft were a blow to their
efforts to establish several corps of incorruptible drug fighters on
both sides of the border.

"After a while you wonder what the hell you are doing there,': said a
law-enforcement official. "There is no one there we can trust
completely. This was supposed to be the group we could trust and work
with. "

Said a Mexican official: "They are supposed to be the door-kickers and
have the capacity to go after the drug traffickers and offer the best
support available. It is a matter of concern to us they reportedly
were loaned out to other agencies, and we are investigating why that

Law-enforcement operations at Mexico City's Benito Juarez
International Airport were taken over by an elite unit in April 1997.

Within the last five months, nearly 20 of the approximately 80
officers and troops assigned there have been arrested on charges of
protecting drug shipments, assisting illegal immigrants and
shepherding electronics and other high-duty imports past customs
agents, according to Mexican investigators.

The most recent case, in which 14 soldiers were detained on Aug. 9,
involved members of the anti-drug unit who protected suitcases each
containing cocaine that arrived on a flight from Bogota every Tuesday
for the past six months.

Military officials reportedly were paid $2,500 for each suitcase
delivery, the investigator said.

Child Dealer Downs Coke During Raid ('The Province' In Vancouver,
British Columbia, Says A 10-Year-Old Boy Who Swallowed 28 Rocks
Of Cocaine During A Vancouver Police Sweep Of Hastings Street Is Recovering
In Children's Hospital)
Link to earlier story
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 12:51:48 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: Canada: Child Dealer Downs Coke During Raid Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org Source: Province, The (Vancouver, B.C.) Contact: provedpg@pacpress.southam.ca Website: http://www.vancouverprovince.com/newsite/news-c.html Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 News A4 Author: Adrienne Tanner, Staff Reporter CHILD DEALER DOWNS COKE DURING RAID A 10-year-old Honduran boy who swallowed 28 rocks of cocaine during a Vancouver police sweep of Hastings Street is recovering in Children's Hospital. Police took the child to hospital after they saw him furiously swallowing the drugs during the raid, Staff-Sgt. Doug MacKay-Dunn said yesterday. The boy spit up eight of the rocks on the way to hospital. Twenty more were later pumped from his stomach. ``The kid could have died,'' said MacKay-Dunn. ``There's no way the officers could have prevented him from swallowing.'' Police are no longer allowed to use choke-holds to prevent dealers from swallowing evidence. Another 14-year-old Honduran youth also working as a ``runner'' at Hastings and Abbott streets was turned over to the ministry of children and families. He was placed in a group home where he is being counselled by a youth worker. Neither child has immediate family in Honduras. The youngest child's mother is known to Vancouver police and is believed to be dealing drugs in the United States. MacKay-Dunn said the investigating officers were ``disgusted'' to find such young children being used as mules by dealers. ``One made it known to the males present what he thought of people who would use a child as a repository for their illegal drugs.'' Police believe there are more than 100 Hondurans dealing crack cocaine along the Hastings strip and SkyTrain stops in Burnaby and New Westminster. They come to Canada overland and make refugee claims when they arrive. Among them are children who are lured north by the promise of jobs and then used as indentured dealers by older gang members. Immigration, police and provincial government officials have been scrambling for solutions since spring, when the influx of young Hondurans was first noted. The Children and Families Ministry can only offer help. Immigration Department spokesman Rob Johnston said his staff have been assigned to work with police and ministry social workers to ensure the Honduran children are protected.

Top Cops And Money (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Edmonton Sun'
Says The Drug War In America Was Set Up For Illegal Seizures
Of Personal Property By Law Enforcement, Who Only Put More Drugs
On The Street)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 12:51:48 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Canada: PUB LTE: Top Cops And Money
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Edmonton Sun (Canada)
Contact: sun.letters@ccinet.ab.ca
Website: http://www.canoe.ca/EdmontonSun/
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Author: A. Solomon

Comment: Parenthetical remarks by the Sun editor


It's called grab as grab can. The whole drug war in America was set up as a
backdrop for illegal seizures of personal property and assets by politicians
and law enforcement. Many of the fruits of cocaine busts ended up back on
the streets as crack, made by law enforcement operations to "sting" the
population and further the war. So says Nick Navarro, Broward County sheriff
in the '80s. Check him out, you'll see.

A. Solomon

(Systemic corruption is unavoidable but hardly the rule in the war on

Moderate Drinkers 'Healthier' (An 'Ottawa Citizen' Article
In The Toronto 'Globe And Mail' Says The First Study Of Its Kind
On Younger Adults, Carried Out On 9,605 British Men And Women
By Dr. Chris Power At The Institute Of Child Health In London And Colleagues
At The Australian National University In Canberra, Suggests The Link
Between Alcohol And Its Effect On A Person's Health And Longevity
Is Solidly Established By Age 33)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 10:05:47 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: UK: Moderate Drinkers 'Healthier'
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: creator@mapinc.org
Source: Globe and Mail (Canada)
Contact: letters@globeandmail.ca
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Author: Richard Starnes, The Ottawa Citizen


British study focuses on people in their 30s

If you are a moderate 30-something drinker you can expect to live longer
than either abstainers or heavy consumers.

What's more, the link between alcohol and its effect on your health is
solidly established by the time you are 33, British researchers say.

The latest study reinforces studies of middle-aged and elderly people which
indicated direct links between alcohol consumption, an individual's health
and how long he or she lives.

The findings come from the world's first study of its kind on younger
adults, carried out on 9,605 British men and women by Dr. Chris Power at
The Institute of Child Health in London and colleagues at the Australian
National University in Canberra.

Dr. Power is a Weston Scholar and is financially supported by the Canadian
Institute for Advanced Research.

"This is the first time there has been a study of people at a younger age,"
she says. "Showing high rates of poor health among never drinkers and heavy
drinkers at this age is a first. It was clear that moderate drinkers show a
consistent pattern of better health that mirrors the patterns you see in
later life."

In the study, published in today's edition of The Lancet, three indicators
of ill health were used -- psychological distress, limiting long-standing
illness and poor general health.

"Using these three criteria, people with light or moderate drinking habits
are doing better than either non-or heavy drinkers from a health point of
view," says Dr. Power.

For the study, alcohol consumption was set at one unit of alcohol
equivalent to half a pint of beer, one measure of spirits or one glass of
wine. Light drinkers were judged to be those consuming 0-5 units for women
and 0-10 for men per week; moderate drinkers were 6-20 units for women and
11-35 for men; and the heavy-drinker measure was more than 20 units for
women and more than 35 for men.

Dr. Power suggested that outside factors may have minor bearing on the
results. These include those who are unable to socialize because of ill
health and those on low income who cannot afford to buy alcohol.

"Initially we wanted to establish that the relationship you see between
alcohol and health at older ages is matched at a younger age. This study
has done that."

Copyright 1998 The Ottawa Citizen

Junkie Justice (According To 'The Daily Telegraph,' Premier Bob Carr
Said Yesterday Australia's First Experiment With American-Style Drug Courts
Would Begin Next Year In Parramatta, New South Wales, With A $5 Million
State Program Inspired By Theories Rather Than Evidence - Opposition
Health Spokeswoman Jillian Skinner Said The Trial Was A Farce
Because The Government Had Already Slashed Funding For Drug Treatment)
Link to earlier story
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 09:55:55 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: Australia: Junkie Justice Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Ken Russell Source: Daily Telegraph (Australia) Contact: dtmletr@matp.newsltd.com Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 Author: Katrina Beikoff JUNKIE JUSTICE AUSTRALIA'S first court exclusively for drug addicts will operate at Parramatta under a $5 million State Government trial next year. Premier Bob Carr said yesterday the two-year trial based on American-style drug courts will aim to rehabilitate addicts instead of jailing them. People who steal or deal small quantities of drugs may escape jail by entering a 12-month treatment program. But people facing charges for sexual offences or offences involving violence will not be allowed into the program. District Court Judge Gay Murrell has been appointed the first Drug Court Judge. She will be assisted by a magistrate and a team of health and legal specialists. Mr Carr told Parliament yesterday people eligible for the drug court would have committed non-violent theft including stealing or unarmed robbery that did not cause physical harm, possession or dealing in small quantities of drugs or fraud or forgery. They must plead guilty. Those people accepted for the program, but who committed further crimes or breached drug guidelines, could be sent to jail or face other sanctions. "We need, of course, to punish the crime, but we need to tackle the cause," Mr Carr said. Attorney-General Jeff Shaw said about 70 per cent of NSW prison inmates were there because of a drug related crime. "If we can get people off heroin and out of the crime cycle, that's obviously a plus for NSW," he said. The Drug Courts would save other courts time and reduce the prison population, he said. "There will be a strong emphasis on rehabilitation programs and where the defendant can show that he or she is following a program to get off heroin, then jail can be avoided," Mr Shaw said. "This is not a soft option - it's a means of protecting the community." Mr Shaw said the offender would have to appear before the judge regularly - as often as every week - to give reports of progress and drug test results. Mr Shaw said the system also meant a significant shift in the role of courts with judges required to "case manage" the progress of addicts rather than hear cases and pass sentences. Barrister and advocate of the system, Ross Goodridge, said the move meant as many as 62,000 crimes a year in NSW could be stopped or alleviated by the Drug Court system - based on research which showed drug addicts committed about one crime a day. Salvation Army Commander of Rehabilitation Services, Major Brian Watters, said: "I constantly meet people who say it's easier to go to jail than it is to go to rehab because in jail they can just go through the motions until they come out again." But Opposition health spokeswoman Jillian Skinner said the trial was a farce because the Government had already slashed funding for drug treatment programs.

Cannabis Popular Among Teens ('The Daily Telegraph' In Australia
Notes The Secondary Schools Survey, Completed In 1996 But Not Released
Until Yesterday, Shows Cannabis Prohibition Has Led To About 40 Per Cent
Of High School-Aged Boys In New South Wales And 31 Per Cent Of Girls
Having Smoked Cannabis)

Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 11:50:08 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Australia: Cannabis Popular Among Teens
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: kwr01@uow.edu.au (Ken Russell)
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Source: Daily Telegraph (Australia)
Contact: dtmletr@matp.newsltd.com
Author: Katrina Beikoff
Section: Page 9


ABOUT 40 per cent of high school-aged boys in NSW and 31 per cent of
girls have smoked cannabis, new research shows.

And 5 per cent of boys and 3 per cent of girls have used heroin or
other opiates, a survey of 12 to l7-year-olds has found.

The Secondary Schools Survey, completed in 1996 but not released by
the State Government until yesterday, shows 4 per cent of males and 3
per cent of female students have used ecstasy.

The report found boys were almost twice as likely to report recent
cannabis use as females.

Health Minister Andrew Refshauge yesterday also released new evidence
yesterday that "explodes the myth that cannabis is a harmless drug" by
establishing a link between it and mental illness.

Cannabis was more potent now than ever before and could cause
psychotic illness including losing contact with reality, hearing
voices or seeing things that were not there or having confused
thoughts, he said.

Between 1993 and 1997 there had been a 10 per cent increase in the
number of cannabis-dependent patients suffering drug-induced psychotic
illness, he said.

The Government announced $15,000 would be spent developing a new drug
treatment program for young people.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre spokesman Paul Dillon said
yesterday cannabis and other drug use among teenagers had increased

The Secondary Schools Survey statistics showed cannabis had become a
more acceptable drug for females when compared to a 1995 national drug
report which found only 24 per cent of 14 to 19-year-old girls had
used it.

The Secondary School Survey also found 27 per cent of boys and girls
reported having used inhalants such as sniffing spray cans, glue,
paint, petrol or thinners.

Mr Dillon said the report based on 1996 research, should have been
released much earlier.

"This kind of information should be independent of politics. If we
don't know what's really happening, how can we do something about it?"
he said.

One Youth In 20 Has Tried Heroin - School Survey
('The Sydney Morning Herald' Version)

Subj: Australia: One Youth In 20 Has Tried Heroin, School Survey
Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998
Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)
Contact: letters@smh.com.au
Website: http://www.smh.com.au/
Author: Linda Doherty


Heroin experimentation appears to be on the rise among NSW teenagers,
with a schools survey revealing that one in 20 male youths had tried
the drug, a tenfold increase on an earlier national study.

The 1996 secondary schools survey of 12- to 17-year-olds, released
yesterday by the State Government, also shows that girls are now
almost as likely as boys to try cannabis, previously considered more
of a problem among young men.

Drug experts said the best comparable data was the 1995 National Drug
Household Survey, where 44 per cent of male 14- to 19-year-olds had
tried cannabis, compared to 24 per cent of females.

The NSW schools survey shows that 39 per cent of boys and 31 per cent
of girls had tried cannabis but males were twice as likely to report
recent use than females.

The information manager for the National Drug and Alcohol Research
Centre, Mr Paul Dillon, said the two-year-old figures were "pretty
useless" because drug use changed constantly but the survey suggested
that drug education should start earlier in schools. The Minister for
Health, Dr Refshauge, said yesterday there had been a 10 per cent
increase in cannabis-dependent patients suffering drug-induced
psychosis between 1993 and 1997.

He committed $75,000 for new treatment programs for young people due
to the possible link between cannabis use and mental illness.

The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 58
(The Drug Reform Coordination Network's Original Summary Of Drug Policy News
And Calls For Action)

Date: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 05:39:07 -0400
To: drc-natl@drcnet.org
From: DRCNet (drcnet@drcnet.org)
Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 58
Sender: owner-drc-natl@drcnet.org

The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 58 -- September 11, 1998
A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network


(To sign off this list, mailto: listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or
mailto:lists@drcnet.org for assistance. To subscribe to
this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.)

(This issue can be also be read on our web site at

PERMISSION to reprint or redistribute any or all of the
contents of The Week Online is hereby granted. We do ask
that any use of these materials include proper credit and,
where appropriate, a link to one or more of our web sites.
If your publication customarily pays for publication, DRCNet
requests checks payable to the organization. If your
publication does not pay for materials, you are free to use
the materials gratis. In all cases, we request notification
for our records, including physical copies where material
has appeared in print. Contact: Drug Reform Coordination
Network, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036,
(202) 293-8340 (voice), (202) 293-8344 (fax), e-mail
drcnet@drcnet.org. Thank you.

NOTE: The new book offer mentioned last week and originally
scheduled for last Tuesday has been rescheduled for this
Sunday night. Stay tuned!


1. A Note to Our Readers

2. US-Trained, "Incorruptible" Mexican Anti-Narcotics Squad
Widely Corrupted

3. ALERT: McCollum Drug Act Would Further Militarize Andean
Drug War

4. Texas Paper Releases Scathing Pentagon Review of
Esequiel Hernandez Shooting

5. Whitman, AIDS Council Still at Odds Over Needle Exchange

6. Fayetteville City Council Rejects Random Drug Testing

7. New Jersey Supreme Court Finds Right to Jury Trial in
Forfeiture Cases

8. March To Stop The Drug War, Berkeley, CA, 9/26

9. First-Ever Global Conference on How To Legalize Cannabis

10. Attention College Students!

11. NY Attorney General Candidates Admit Past Marijuana Use

12. Patient's Glaucoma Justified Medical Marijuana Use,
Cultivation, Canadian Judge Rules

13. EDITORIAL: Long, Hot Summer


1. A Note to our Readers

Well, summer is over, and while we hope that everyone had a
relaxing season, there is much to be done this fall. So,
while many of you were enjoying vacation and weekends at the
beach, DRCNet has made some major changes, including several
new lists, a major overhaul of our web sites, a great
opportunity for students to get active, and much more which
you will be hearing a lot about in this issue of The Week
Online and over the next few weeks.

In addition, while the weather begins to cool off, things in
the reform movement are really heating up. And because the
movement is entering such an important phase, it is vital
that you, the people who understand the enormity of the
damage being done in the name of the Drug War, step up your
efforts and make your voices heard. DRCNet enters this new
season nearly 7,000 strong, with plans in place that could
increase our numbers many-fold. If you think you can help
us in that mission, please get in touch and we'll send out
email sign-up sheets or help you in any other way possible.
Remember, the more people that we can reach in your state,
the more impact your efforts will have.

Our first action alert of the fall went out early yesterday
morning, regarding the possible parole and release of Will
Foster, originally sentenced to 93 years, and who has spent
more than two years in jail, suffering from rheumatoid
arthritis and separated from his family for cultivating
medicinal marijuana. So far, more than 120 of you have
written to let us know that you did take action on behalf of
Will Foster, in response to our alert. Thank you! You'll
be interested to know that in response to the flood of phone
calls, the governor's office has set up a special voice
mailbox just for calls about Will Foster.

If you have not yet taken a moment to write, fax or call
Governor Keating of Oklahoma in response, please consider
doing so today. We are committed to increasing our response
rate significantly in the coming months, but that will only
happen if YOU take a moment to respond, with a letter, phone
call, fax or email, when an action alert arrives in your in-
box. Your voice IS important, and politicians, the media
and other decision-makers DO take notice. The Will Foster
case is indicative of that, and we, as a movement, are only
just beginning to flex our political muscle. (If you missed
the alert, you can access it on our web site at

Please note that article three of this issue is another
action alert, opposing a bill in Congress that would further
arm Latin American militaries in the name of the drug war,
militaries that in some cases have appalling human rights
records and even sponsor death squads to deal with
dissenters. The source country strategy on which this bill
is based has failed -- not partially, but completely -- to
reduce the global availability of opium or cocaine -- and in
its wake has fueled political instability and sometimes
outright civil conflict in these nations that are struggling
to establish democracy against a history of dictatorship.
An article in issue #43 of The Week Online --
http://www.drcnet.org/wol/043.html#bolivia -- describes a
personal tragedy that resulted directly from the U.S.
government's fraudulent Andean drug war. Take some of the
excitement you've shown for the Will Foster case, and use it
to mobilize on this alert as well. Your action here -- less
directly but just as surely -- will help prevent more
innocent people from falling victim to the war on drugs.
And please, send copies of your correspondence, or just a
note letting us know what actions you've taken, to alert-
feedback@drcnet.org (or just reply to this message). Your
feedback will help us document our impact and give our
donors and potential donors confidence that their support is
building a potent force for change. Can we get another 100
letters on this one?

(A long-standing alert that is still important is helping
promote the book Drug Crazy -- a book which happens to give
a devastating account of the war on drugs in the Andes,
among other topics, and which promotes groups in the
movement through an Internet appendix, especially DRCNet.
This exciting book by DRCNet advisory board member Mike
Gray, author of the China Syndrome among other credits, is
capable of changing the debate on drug policy if only it
goes big. See http://www.drcnet.org/wol/057.html#slate for
some background and suggestions for what to do.)

So welcome back from vacation, and get ready to act.
Because YOU represent the leading edge of the next great
political and social movement in the history of the United
States, and of the world. The Drug War is beginning to
crumble, but after decades of violence, profits, repression
and injustice, it will not go down without a fight.


2. US-Trained, "Incorruptible" Mexican Anti-Narcotics Squad
Widely Corrupted

More than 80 members of an "elite counter-narcotics" force
within the Mexican Army are under investigation for
corruption, and more than a dozen have already been charged
or detained. According to the Washington Post, more than 40
of the troops have been removed from their station at the
Mexico City Airport due to allegations that they have taken
hundreds of thousands of dollars for shepherding drug
shipments as well as illegal aliens past customs.

The special force, which goes under its Spanish-language
acronym GAFE, came into existence in 1996 in response to
frustrations over corruption within both the police and
military structures in Mexico. Many of the officers
involved (around 10% of the total personnel) in the program
were brought to the U.S. for training at a cost of over $28
million to U.S. taxpayers, according to the Post. The
corruption in Mexico was so ingrained, in fact, that over
the past two years, both the nation's Drug Czar and the
brother of former President Salinas have been implicated.

Lt. Colonel Darley at the U.S. Pentagon told The Week
Online, "None of (the most recent report) is wholly
unexpected. In fact, what we've seen is that anything
touched by drugs and drug money becomes corrupted. It's not
just a Mexican problem, we see the same thing all over the
world. Even here, you can look at the problems in the
Florida police force, in the New York police force. So it's
not a matter of saying that Mexico is a corrupt society.
There are millions of Mexicans who hate the drug
trafficking, and there are plenty of honest politicians and
military personnel and police, many of whom have died
fighting against it."

"No one, and this certainly includes the Department of
Defense, believes that this (the drug trade) is a problem
that will be solved militarily. What it comes down to is a
moral issue, and moral choices that are made by individuals.
But having said that, we do feel that we are having some
impact. We've intercepted tons of drugs which were
therefore kept off the streets. But if you ask, 'can we
stop the flow through interdiction,' the answer is no. But
you can't just throw up your hands. It's a matter of
registering disapproval through our actions and, if nothing
else, there's value in fighting the good fight. And, if you
look at the destruction that drugs do to our society, this
is certainly a good fight."

But some critics disagree with that moral equation.

Eric Olson of the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
told The Week Online, "International counter-narcotics
efforts have been singularly ineffective in large part
because they are so militarily-focused. The U.S. has tried
to fight this problem as a war. Specifically, when we look
at Mexico, the military was brought more deeply into anti-
drug efforts because of the perception that the civilian
police were widely corrupted and that the military was not.
The fact is, however, as indicated by these recent reports,
that the process of counter-narcotics itself is corrupting.
And so if the Mexican military wasn't corrupted before, it
is now. Also, by putting more responsibility in the hands
of the military, we have further weakened civilian
institutions there, which is the opposite of what we should
be striving for in our foreign policy, which would be to
build and strengthen civil institutions.

"The Mexican military is problematic in that it is not a
transparent and accountable institution. When they commit
human rights violations, as they are prone to do, it is
nearly impossible to hold them accountable to civilian

"The broader view, of course, is that anyone who has taken
an objective look at our international counternarcotics
policy has concluded that it doesn't work. What we need,
clearly, is a much broader public debate on the issue and a
focus on harm-reduction here at home."

You can visit the Washington Office on Latin America on the
web at http://www.wola.org.


3. ALERT: McCollum Drug Act Would Further Militarize Andean
Drug War

Personnel at the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
have informed us that a bill being voted on the floor on
Congress this coming Wednesday (9/16) will dramatically
increase the flow of dollars and equipment to Latin American
militaries for drug fighting. The "Western Hemisphere Drug
Elimination Act," sponsored by Rep. Bill McCollum (R-FL) and
Sen. Mike DeWine (R-OH) would authorize $2.3 billion over
three years for equipment (mostly military hardware),
personnel and training.

In the House, the bill has the solid support of the
Republican leadership, and he sponsors are so confident,
they have decided to bring the bill to the floor under
"suspension of the rules." This is a technical procedure
whereby "non-controversial" proposals can be brought to a
vote in an expedited fashion, but must pass by a 2/3
majority instead of the usual 50%. This means that the bill
can be defeated if its opponents muster 145 votes instead of
the usual 217.

Please call or fax your U.S. Representative, and ask him or
her to oppose the McCollum Drug Act and the expansion of the
failed Andean drug war. You can reach your Representative
(or find out who your Representative is) through the
Congressional Switchboard at (202) 224-3121. (You can also
use http://www.house.gov/writerep/ to look up the office
contact info online.)

Points you can use, courtesy of WOLA:

* By offering this bill under suspension, the sponsors
intend to rush it through Congress without sufficient
debate. This should be a time to debate and re-evaluate
current U.S. antinarcotics policy. Instead, the sponsors
plan to authorize a lot of money on a policy that has had
absolutely no success.

* By offering military equipment and training to Latin
American police and militaries with questionable human
rights records, the bill undermines fundamental U.S. foreign
policy goals of supporting democracy and human rights. Such
a policy can also embroil the United States in brutal
counterinsurgency wars. The equipment and training received
by anti-drug forces can be easily used for counterinsurgency
purposes. In the case of Colombia, for example, many
Members of Congress reduce guerrillas and drug traffickers
into one enemy, the "narcoguerrilla," thereby erasing the
line between counternarcotics and counterinsurgency - but in
doing so they ignore the army's and right-wing
paramilitaries' ties to the drug trade. In Mexico, the same
units receiving U.S. counternarcotics training are operating
in Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca.

* By training Latin American militaries in anti-drug police
work, the United States is encouraging them to perform
domestic law enforcement duties prohibited of the U.S.
military. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "there
is little proof that the involvement of [Mexican] soldiers
in police work has helped stem the flow of drugs. But there
is growing evidence that this controversial program has led
to serious human rights abuses."

* The bill pours billions of dollars into counternarcotics
programs that have produced only failure. Rep. McCollum
claims that if you "prevent drugs from entering the country,
..you drive up the price of drugs. Drive up the price of
drugs and you save lives." But supply reduction, as this is
known, has actually had the paradoxical result of increasing
prices, thus attracting new producers and distributors to
the market, and eventually driving prices back down again.
The U.S. government has already spent more than $25 billion
on interdiction programs and efforts to disrupt drug
production in "source countries," but prices for a pure gram
of both heroin and cocaine (as measured in 1994 dollars)
have declined markedly in the last 15 years.

Consider these startling statistics about U.S.
counternarcotics aid to Latin America:

* For Latin America overall, U.S. government funding for
antidrug efforts has increased more than 150 percent over
the last ten years; yet by the U.S. State Department's own
estimates, coca cultivation is 11.7 percent higher and opium
production has doubled over that time period.

* U.S. antidrug efforts have failed most spectacularly in
Colombia, the largest recipient of U.S. counter-drug
assistance (a total of nearly one billion dollars to date).
Yet over the last decade, total drug production in Colombia
has risen an estimated 260 percent. Coca production in
Colombia has more than tripled, making Colombia the world's
leading coca producer. Only four years ago, no heroin was
produced in Colombia; it now ranks third in the world in
poppy cultivation and fourth in heroin production.

For further information on the Western Hemisphere Drug
Elimination Act or the impact of counternarcotics policy on
human rights in Latin America, contact Eric Olson, Winifred
Tate, or Laurie Freeman at WOLA, (202) 797-2171.


4. Texas Paper Releases Scathing Pentagon Review of Esequiel
Hernandez Shooting

Some drug war tragedies can never be undone. One such
tragedy is the death of Esequiel Hernandez, shot by a United
States Marine on an anti-drug patrol on the U.S.-Mexico
border at Redford, Texas. A recently released internal
Pentagon report has cleared the Marine, Cpl. Clemente
Banuelos, of wrongdoing, but made scathing criticisms of
practices that led to the shooting. Retired Marine Maj.
Gen. John T. Coyne found that the marines on patrol were not
adequately trained for a law enforcement-type operation, and
that the missions "appears to have been viewed at every
level of Marine Corps command as more of a training
opportunity than a real world deployment," among other
observations. The Marine Corps has disputed the findings
in a written response.

The San Antonio Current has obtained a copy of the Coyne
report and posted it on the web, with a detailed article
discussing the shooting and related issues. You can read
the article at http://www.metrotimes.com/border.html and the
Coyne report at http://www.metrotimes.com/coynereport.html
on an affiliated paper's site.

Visit the Esequiel Hernandez photo gallery at


5. Whitman, AIDS Council Still at Odds Over Needle Exchange
- Taylor West

The New Jersey Governor's Council on AIDS has hit a brick
wall in their attempts to persuade Governor Christine Todd
Whitman to consider needle exchange programs as a way to
help alleviate the state's growing AIDS epidemic. The
Council announced Wednesday the temporary suspension of its
focus on the legalization of needle exchange for drug
addicts, following Chairman David Troast's receipt of an
unsolicited letter from the Governor reiterating her
absolute opposition to such programs. Troast stated his
plan to form a panel to respond to the Governor's letter and
consider whether the Council should back away from the issue
of needle exchange more permanently.

The Governor's Council on AIDS first gained public attention
in 1996, when they openly opposed Governor Whitman's stance
against needle exchange. Since that time, they have
continued to advocate needle exchange programs to Whitman,
but with no measurable success. New Jersey has the third
highest statewide AIDS infection rate in the country, and
half of those cases can be attributed to injection drug use.
However, the state's laws against the possession and
distribution of syringes remain unusually strict, and needle
exchange activists operating illegally have been arrested,
tried, and convicted in New Jersey courts.

In her August 5th letter to Troast, Governor Whitman
restated her unwavering refusal to support the use of needle
exchange programs as HIV prevention. She cited her concerns
that the programs "seem" to encourage illegal drug use and
"send the wrong message to our children" as the major causes
for her opposition. She also encouraged the Council to
focus instead on slowing the spread of AIDS among minority
females and teenagers. (It may be worthwhile to note that
the Centers for Disease Control lists the number one cause
of AIDS for minority women as "injection drug use".)

New Jersey activist Diana McCague, director of the Chai
Project in New Brunswick, wasn't surprised to hear of
Whitman's latest unwillingness to consider needle exchange.
"I used to get really upset and agitated to hear the
inflexibility coming out of the Governor's Office. Now
there isn't much to do but shake your head. Once again,
Governor Whitman is showing that she has no idea what the
lives of regular people in New Jersey are like."

Members of the New Jersey legislature are pressing on in
their attempts to bring a bill legalizing needle exchange
through the chambers. Michelle Jaker, a legislative aide
for Sen. Joseph Vitale, cosponsor of one of the bills,
admitted that the Governor's continued opposition "certainly
makes it more difficult" to get such legislation passed.
"We're hoping to bring about more awareness of the issue by
having this bill in the Senate," she said Thursday.

Meanwhile the Governor's Council is undecided as to how to
proceed following this latest setback. Riki Jacobs, a
member of the Council and the executive director of the
Hyacinth AIDS Foundation in New Brunswick, recognized the
apparent irreconcilable nature of Governor Whitman's
opinions but wondered, "If we stop talking about this, does
this mean we can't discuss any issues that might be
controversial or politically unfavorable?" Jacobs said she
felt the Council would continue to advocate needle exchange,
despite the Governor's apparent resolve against it.

Chai Project director McCague had a different suggestion for
the Council. "I think they ought to resign," she stated
Thursday. "What are they there for? They're handpicked by
the Governor to inform and advise her on AIDS issues. If
she's going to refuse to listen to their advice over and
over, they aren't being allowed to do what they were brought
together for."

"Governor Whitman is again exposing her ignorance and total
lack of compassion. For fear of being labeled soft on
drugs, she's more than willing to sacrifice drug users,
their families and their communities to the AIDS epidemic."


6. Fayetteville City Council Rejects Random Drug Testing

On Tuesday, September 1, the city council of Fayetteville,
Arkansas rejected a proposal which would have subjected the
council to random drug tests. The proposal, sponsored by
Alderman Trent Trumbo, died for lack of a second.

"I view this resolution as dangerous political
grandstanding, an invasion of the privacy of every alderman"
Alderman Kit Williams, a former U.S. Army officer told the
Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.

Trent Trumbo spoke with The Week Online:

"I introduced this measure because I have a problem with
double standards. We test our fire and police personnel,
and beginning next year we will be randomly testing every
student in our public schools. The reaction that I've had
from my constituents is, 'why are we getting tested but you,
who make the rules, don't have to submit to tests.' That
came from a number of sources, including students, and I
didn't have a good answer for them."

Trumbo continued, "I have a lot of respect for the people
with whom I serve on the council, we're all friends and if
they think that random drug testing is an invasion of their
privacy, I can understand that. But it seems to me that you
then have to consider whether you ought to be mandating that
someone else submit to something that you find objectionable
when it pertains to you."

Regarding the city's plan to randomly drug test its
students, Trumbo added:

"Personally, I think that testing students might well be
beneficial, in that it gives kids a way to say no, to resist
peer pressure. But I didn't think it was right to test only
those students who participate in extra-curricular
activities, the way we have it right now, without testing
everyone. Again, that's a double standard. And I would add
that the reason that I support the testing of students at
all is that the results are completely confidential. We
offer help and counseling. This isn't about catching people
and getting kids in trouble, its about finding out who may
need help and then offering it to them."

Alderman Kit Williams, who strongly opposed the measure,
told The Week Online, "I can certainly understand Alderman
Trumbo's concern over double standards, but two wrongs, in
this case two invasions of privacy, certainly don't make a
right. I'm opposed to random drug testing under any
circumstances. If there's cause, or if, in the case of a
driver there's an accident, okay. But to test someone
without cause, to me, is improper. Until this vote, I
wasn't really aware of the new policy for students, which is
under the direction of the board of education, not the city
council. My son recently graduated from high school here.
He was a swimmer and he made good grades. He was never
tested, and I'm not sure he would have objected, but I sure
as heck would have."

Williams continued. "Now, we're under federal mandate to
test our drivers, but here we are looking to expand that
program to include a whole bunch of new city employees.
Anyone whose job is 'safety sensitive', and let me tell you
that the city plans to interpret that very broadly. I know
that the supreme court has ruled on this, and that they have
been generally supportive of testing, and I tend to think
that they have it wrong. But there's a difference between
what is legal and what constitutes good policy. The
constitution defines only the outer limits of governmental

"I was a prosecutor in this state for over five years,"
Williams, who is now a defense attorney concluded. "And let
me tell you that my experience taught me that the drug which
causes the most problems, the most violence and the most
suffering in our state is alcohol. Hands down."


7. New Jersey Supreme Court Finds Right to Jury Trial in
Forfeiture Cases

New Jersey's highest court last week affirmed a lower court
decision giving people whose property had been forfeited by
authorities the right to a jury trial in their quest to get
it back. The ruling affects more than 2,500 New Jersey
residents whose cases are either pending or on appeal, as
well as all future cases. Last year alone, New Jersey
police seized $16.9 million in property. That money is
added to the budgets of local law enforcement agencies.
More than 80% of people who have their property seized
nationwide are never charged with any crime.

The underlying case involved Lois McDermott, a 67 year-old
woman whose 46 year-old son used her 1990 Honda in
connection with a drug deal. Elizabeth Macron, McDermott's
attorney argues that not only did her client have nothing to
do with the crime, but that she never even gave her son
permission to use the car. John T. Paff of the organization
Forfeiture Endangers American Rights (FEAR) told the Newark
Star-Ledger "I think (the decision) will go a long way
toward restoring some sanity."

You can visit FEAR on the web at http://www.fear.org.


8. March To Stop The Drug War, Berkeley, CA, 9/26

On Saturday, September 26, activists will gather at 1:00 pm
at the corner of Haste and Telegraph Ave. for a March
Against the Drug War. The march is sponsored by The
Committee To End The Drug War, Cannabis Action Network,
Alameda County Peace and Freedom Party, November Coalition,
Jon Crowder, candidate for Mayor of Berkeley, and the
Rosebud Archive Project, among others. There will be a
planning meeting on September 21. For further information,
please call (510) 649-0874.

(Other upcoming events were listed two issues ago at


9. First-Ever Global Conference on How To Legalize Cannabis

Experts from around the world gathered in London last
weekend (9/5 - 9/6) to tackle the question that they see as
the next logical step in the growing movement for cannabis
law reform under the title, "Regulating Cannabis: Options
for Control in the 21st Century".

The conference was hosted by Release, a UK-based drug
information organization, and The Lindesmith Center
(http://www.lindesmith.org), a NY-based think tank on drug
and drug policy issues. The conference featured scientists,
doctors, lawyers and academics from across Europe, Australia
and North America who discussed issues such as taxation, age
restrictions, advertising and marketing limits within a
legal but regulated paradigm.

Mike Goodman, director of Release, told The Guardian (UK)
"Most prominent scientists, medical professionals and policy
experts agree that alternatives to cannabis prohibition need
to be developed to both prevent further harm and protect
individual civil liberties."

Rob Kampia, legislative director of the US-based Marijuana
Policy Project (http://www.mpp.org), told The Week Online,
"Previously I had not spent a whole lot of time looking into
the marijuana policies and reform efforts in other
countries, because the U.S. congress doesn't care what's
happening in other countries. While I still believe that
Congress doesn't care, I found the conference to be useful
in that it provided a menu of strategies and tactics that we
can use in the U.S. to bring about the end of marijuana


10. Attention College Students!

Labor Day has come and gone which means that summer is
definitely over. Here at DRCNet, that means that its time
to re-open our campus-based U-net discussion list for
current and potential drug policy activists.

If you are a college or grad student who would like to
become more involved in the movement for drug policy reform,
both on a campus-wide and on a national level, or, if you
are currently active but want to significantly broaden the
scope and impact of your efforts, U-net is for you.

U-net is an email discussion list where you will interact
with activists on campuses nationwide, share ideas and
strategies, learn how to strengthen your media efforts and
find new ways to make a difference. Launched during the
Spring '98 semester, U-net attracted participants from over
70 schools in just a few months. This year, we are hoping
to reach 125 different campuses and to provide not only a
forum for discussion but a central meeting place to plan
activism that will resonate far beyond your campus. Some of
our plans include:

* Ways to offer your members an easy means of staying
connected with the movement -- even the ones who don't come
to meetings!

* "College Reform Spotlight" A special section of the
DRCNet web site devoted to campus-based activism, issues
that affect students and ways to get involved. (Due to a
technical snafu, the Spotlight isn't online as of this
writing -- but it's going up this AM, and will probably be
up and running by the time you get this e-mail -- check it
out at http://www.drcnet.org/U-net/.)

* A monthly e-zine highlighting campus activism and
activists, as well as campus drug policies, around the

* Opportunities for dedicated activists to become regular
reporters for The Week Online and for the student monthly (a
great way to build a portfolio of published materials).

* Media skills support: How to write a press release that
will get noticed, who to send it to, how to get reporters
interested in your organization or activities, how to write
op-eds for your campus paper, how to make the most use of
campus and local radio and TV stations, etc.

* And much more!

In addition, U-net subscribers will have constant access to
each other via the list, allowing you to learn from some of
the most successful on-campus drug policy activists in the
country, coordinate your activism regionally or nationally,
and share your insights and experience with others who are
working to make a difference.

Subscribers will also receive "stopthedrugwar.org" bumper
stickers and future discounts on DRCNet merchandise.

TO SUBSCRIBE: send e-mail to listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "subscribe U-net your name" in the body of the message
(not the subject). Be sure to leave off the quotes and
substitute your own name. (Note that last year's subscriber
list was lost due to a hardware failure, so you will need to
subscribe again if were on last year.) Write to Troy Dayton
at dayton@drcnet.org or Kris Lotlikar at lotlikar@drcnet.org
if you need assistance subscribing. (Other are welcome on
the list, but please respect the purpose of the list for
campus issues.)


11. NY Attorney General Candidates Admit Past Marijuana Use

Three out of the four Democratic candidates for New York
Attorney General, the highest law enforcement post in the
state, have admitted that they smoked marijuana in their
youth. Eliot Spitzer, Catherine Abate and Evan Davis have
all confirmed prior use of the Schedule I substance, while
the fourth candidate, Oliver Koppel, will not comment at

Davis' use seems to have negatively impacted his memory, as
he says, "Maybe three, four times, something like that, in
the late 60's, mid-60's, maybe early 70's -- I can't
remember the dates -- I smoked marijuana... I never bought
it, it was always at parties." Abate, a Vassar College
student and anti-war activist in the 60's, admits to smoking
it but says that she now tells her 19 year-old son to do
otherwise. Spitzer, a Princeton grad who has promised, if
elected, to abolish New York's draconian Rockefeller drug
laws, fessed up. "Absolutely. With pride, at the time."
Mike Zabel, spokesman for incumbent Republican Dennis Vacco,
who opposes even the medicinal use of marijuana, cut off
inquiring journalists on the issue. "Never" he said.


12. Patient's Glaucoma Justified Medical Marijuana Use,
Cultivation, Canadian Judge Rules
(reprinted from the NORML Weekly News, http://www.norml.org)

September 10, 1998, Vancouver, British Columbia: A
provincial court judge in Vancouver recently ruled that a
patient's medical need for marijuana shielded him from
criminal drug charges.

"This case is significant because a judge, not known to be
lenient in this Province, was nevertheless persuaded that it
was... not contrary to the public interest to grant [the
defendant] a conditional discharge" for possessing
marijuana, said NORML Legal Committee member John Conroy,
who argued the case. The judge was clearly influenced by
the "nature of the defendant's motives, namely self
medication, and the absence of any harm to others by his
conduct," he said.

Defendant Stanley Czolowski, who uses marijuana medicinally
to treat glaucoma and nausea, faced charges of cultivating
marijuana and possessing the drug for the purpose of
supplying a local medical marijuana dispensary. The Crown
dropped the trafficking charge in exchange for a guilty plea
to the cultivation charge. Judge Jane Godfrey exercised
judicial discretion when sentencing Czolowski and gave the
defendant only one year probation. Godfrey based the
mitigated sentence on the fact that Czolowski grew marijuana
solely for medical purposes.

"I have heard from the accused and I have read the material
that [details] what [the defendant's] daily existence is
like, and I have no difficulty whatsoever in understanding
his personal motivation and I have extreme sympathy for his
personal situation," Judge Godfrey said. "I have considered
the facts before me and ... am satisfied it's not contrary
to the public interest ... to grant [the defendant] a

Czolowski will not have a criminal record if he successfully
completes his probation. This decision is the latest in a
series of recent Canadian court rulings distinguishing
medical marijuana users from other criminal offenders.


13. EDITORIAL: Long, Hot Summer

The passage of Labor Day traditionally signifies the end of
summer, and for the people of Oklahoma, who have suffered
through scorching, searing, record-breaking heat, relief
cannot come soon enough. But daily temperatures in the
triple digits have not been the only factor in equating the
Sooner State with hell this year. There is also the case of
Will Foster. Foster, a rheumatoid arthritis sufferer
arrested in 1996 for cultivating and using marijuana to ease
his pain, began the summer as he had the previous two,
serving an astounding 93-year prison term for his victimless
"crime". But now, just as the end of summer portends a
break in Oklahoma's Hades-like weather, there is a chance
that Will Foster will gain reprieve from his own hellish

At the time of his arrest, Foster was 38 years-old, was sole
proprietor of a growing computer software business, and was
living with his wife Meg, and three children. An anonymous
tip brought more than a dozen police, both state and county,
to their home, and, after kicking in the door and holding
the family, including a seven year-old girl, at gunpoint,
spent the next four hours tearing apart everything the
Fosters owned. They found Foster's garden under lock and
key in a converted bomb shelter under the house. More than
60 plants, many of them just inches tall, were seized.

The state offered Foster a deal. Twelve years for him and
ten for Meg. But Foster, a former U.S. Army MP, would not
agree to any terms which would result in jail time for Meg.
Instead, he went to trial and Meg was forced to testify
against him in return for her freedom. Local attorneys
could not remember the last time that anyone had taken a
drug case to trial in Tulsa county. Foster was about to
find out why.

Despite Foster's condition, and owing to the fact that the
state of Oklahoma does not recognize a medical necessity
defense for the possession of marijuana, Stuart Southerland,
his attorney, decided not to call a doctor to the stand in
his defense. Neither did he call Will to the stand.
Despite an absence of evidence that Foster had ever sold
marijuana (he admitted to sharing some with a friend in his
home, and with Meg - police found a total of $23 in the
house) the prosecutor painted Foster as a scourge and a
menace to society. "Pick a number, any number" he urged
jurors during closing arguments, "and add two or three
zeroes to it. Make sure that this man never walks free in
our community again." And they did.

Seventy years for cultivation. Twenty years for possession
in the presence of a minor (his daughter). Two years for
intent to distribute, and an additional year for failure to
have a state tax stamp for his crop. Ninety-three years for
a man who had never so much as been accused of hurting a
soul. Long enough to insure that he never breathed free
again. Longer, in fact than Oklahoma has been a state.

Just months after Foster's sentencing, another story emerged
from Oklahoma. This time a man who had admitted guilt in
the beating death of his four year-old child was sentenced
to four years in a plea bargain deal. The outcry was so
great that the state's Governor, Frank Keating, wrote an op-
ed in an Oklahoma newspaper blaming the short sentence on a
lack of prison space and calling for money for more to be
built. Still, Will Foster sat in jail, taking up a space
that was not being used for a violent, dangerous criminal.

In a stroke of sheer irony, within a year of Foster's arrest
and imprisonment, two states, California and Arizona,
passed, by significant margins, initiatives which legalized
the possession and use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
In addition, while Foster was shuffled from institution to
institution, far from his family, research conducted at the
University of California showed that certain cannabinoids in
the marijuana plant were quite effective in the control of
the pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis. None of
this, of course, would be of any use to Foster, who sat,
under-medicated, behind bars.

Over the past two years, Will Foster and his case have
become a rallying point for people around the country, and
in fact around the world, who have become concerned by the
excesses of America's Drug War. Supporters, united
primarily over the Internet, wrote letters and spread the
word. Foster's case was featured on national and
international television, in magazines and on web sites. No
one, it seemed, could stomach the thought that this man had
been sentenced to 93 years, to death, really, for choosing
to treat his pain in an unauthorized manner.

Foster's family, Meg's family really, dug deep. They hired
the best appellate attorney in the state, and despite the
fact that they are people of modest means, have spent over
$100,000 trying to free Will. Finally, after serious
questions were raised about the validity of the (unsigned)
search warrant, about the veracity of the police claims
regarding the confidential informant (the warrant claimed
that the informant, who was not required to appear at trial,
had bought methamphetamine from the Foster home just days
before the bust, yet absolutely no evidence of
methamphetamine was found, not a trace) and even regarding
the existence of an informant at all, a ruling came down
from the Court of Appeals. In it, the appellate court said
that the sentence handed down to Will Foster "shocked the
conscience," and ordered that the four, consecutively-
running sentences be reduced to a single, twenty-year term.

As it happens, the Oklahoma legislature, during its 1998
term, passed a law called the "Truth in Sentencing Act,"
requiring that violent offenders serve at least 85% of their
sentences before being eligible for parole. But because
they could not decide whether to include non-violent
offenders under the act, and because the bill was considered
late in the short term, the legislature adjourned before
making the decision, thus leaving such offenders out of the
equation. The exclusion, combined with the appellate
decision, made Foster eligible for parole immediately.

The Oklahoma parole board heard Foster's case within weeks
of the appellate ruling, and, noting Foster's condition, as
well as the knowledge of at least one board member of an
acquaintance who benefited from the medicinal use of
marijuana, and the absence of any conceivable threat that
Foster posed to the community, recommended his immediate
parole. Suddenly, summer had broken in Oklahoma.

So now, the recommendation of the parole board is on its way
to the desk of Governor Frank Keating. And the same
Governor Keating who was so justifiably outraged that a
child murderer in his state was able to cop a plea to a
four-year sentence because of a lack of prison space, has
the opportunity to free up a cell, Will Foster's cell, by
releasing a man who has never, in his life, harmed a soul.
Over the past several days, concerned citizens from around
the world have been contacting Keating's office and urging
him to do just that. It would be a victory for the cause of
justice, and would mean the world to Will Foster's family.
Foster's release would herald the coming of the end of
Oklahoma's long, hot summer of oppression. And it would
pull the man himself from the very depths of hell.

Adam J. Smith
Associate Director


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