------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Issue To Go On Ballot ('The Denver Post' Version Of Yesterday's News About The Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsored By Coloradans For Medical Rights) Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 09:17:26 -0600 (MDT) From: ammo (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: ammo (email@example.com) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: Colorado initiative on Nov. ballot Sender: email@example.com Denver Post August 12, 1998 Pot issue to go on ballot By Howard Pankratz Denver Post Legal Affairs Writer Sept. 12 - An initiative that would allow marijuana to be used for medical purposes was ordered placed on the Nov. 3 ballot by a Denver judge Friday. Secretary of State Vikki Buckley said after the ruling she will place the measure on the ballot Monday when she officially certifies the rest of the Nov. 3 ballot. "We are delighted,'' said Martin Chilcutt, one of the measure's sponsors, following the ruling by Denver District Judge Herbert Stern. "I'm very happy that the citizens of Colorado and patients throughout the state have prevailed,'' said Chilcutt. "All those people out here suffering with cancer and AIDS will be happy.'' The marijuana initiative would allow people with "debilitating medical conditions,'' such as cancer and AIDS, to legally possess and use marijuana as a form of treatment. Chilcutt and Luther Symons, spokesman for Coloradans for Medical Rights, which presented the signatures to Buckley, said a vigorous educational campaign will begin immediately to inform state residents about the proposal. "We intend to run a fully prepared, fully staffed statewide campaign,'' said Symons. Buckley originally had said that the initiative proponents hadn't gathered enough signatures for the measure to be put before voters. But the measure's supporters challenged Buckley, claiming that her office conducted an error-plagued review of the 88,815 signatures submitted by Coloradans for Medical Rights. Using a random sampling technique, Buckley ruled that only 47,960 of the 88,815 signatures were valid and did not meet the 54,242 signatures needed. But the group said that an entry-by-entry analysis of the 4,482 signatures Buckley used as a random sample showed that there were 225 signatures counted invalid that actually were valid. Using the corrected figure and the same random sampling process used by Buckley, the group contended 52,312 of the signatures were valid, or 96.4 percent of the 54,242 required. Under Colorado law, that should have triggered a line-by-line review of each signature. Random sample By law, any time a random sample establishes that the number of valid signatures is between 90 and 110 percent, a line-by-line analysis is required. Ed Ramey, Chilcutt's lawyer, argued that the line-by-line review should have been completed during the 30 days Buckley legally had to review the signatures. Since the 30-day period ended Aug. 6, Ramey argued that the measure had to be automatically placed on the ballot. Judge Stern agreed. Stern rejected the state's contention that a line-by-line analysis should commence immediately, labeling the procedure "awkward and messy.'' He said it would promote uncertainty among voters. In ordering the measure to be placed on the ballot, Stern said that prevailing judicial philosophy is that voters should be allowed to vote on critical matters. Assistant Attorney General Maurice Knaizer said he and Buckley will appeal the case to the Colorado Supreme Court. But they said the only way the measure won't appear on the ballot is if the Supreme Court overturns Stern's ruling before 5 p.m. Monday. By law, Buckley must certify the fall ballot 50 days before the Nov. 3 election. The 50th day is Monday.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medicinal Pot On Ballot (The Colorado 'Gazette' Version) Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 10:44:04 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CO: Medicinal Pot on Ballot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Dave Fratello (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Gazette, The (CO) Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 Author: Mary Boyle/The Gazette MEDICINAL POT ON BALLOT Secretary of state concedes signatures valid DENVER - An initiative to allow the medicinal use of marijuana was ordered placed on the Nov. 3 ballot by a judge Friday after the state's top election official conceded errors were made in verifying signatures. It's another in a series of election-year embarrassments for Secretary of State Vikki Buckley, who ruled last month that medicinal pot proponent Martin Chilcutt lacked enough valid signatures of registered voters to qualify for the ballot. But Denver District Court Judge Henry C. Stern III said Friday he had little choice but to place the measure on the ballot after Buckley's lawyer announced that 50 signatures ruled invalid during a random sample were actually legal. The 50 signatures were not enough for the measure to automatically qualify for the ballot. However, they were enough to require that Buckley check each of the nearly 89,000 signatures that Chilcutt submitted in July. Little time exists to complete that laborious process by Monday - when the statewide ballot must be certified. So the question at the hearing became whether the initiative could be ordered onto the ballot pending a line-by-line recount. Buckley's lawyer, deputy state attorney general Maurice Knaizer, argued for the recount, which he said could be completed by the end of the month. After nearly three hours of debate, Stern said the law was "clearly uncertain," but ruled in favor of placing the measure on the ballot unconditionally. State statutes are unclear on whether Buckley could be given permission to go beyond the 30-day deadline she has to certify initiative proposals after they are submitted, Stern said. The judge also said he feared that placing the measure on the ballot pending a recount would confuse voters and possibly harm the proponents' and opponents' campaigns. "I favor enfranchising the voters of this state, rather than creating disenfranchisement," Stern said. The issue may not be entirely resolved. Knaizer said he plans to appeal to the Colorado Supreme Court to reverse Stern's decision. If the high court acted by the end of next week - which Knaizer said was doubtful - the measure could be left off the ballot. But if the Supreme Court were to hear the case in a few weeks and rule in Knaizer's favor, the question on the November ballot would be moot. "A lot of this depends on the timing of the Supreme Court," Knaizer said. Despite the planned appeal, Chilcutt said he was pleased with the judge's decision. "Now we can get on with the campaign," Chilcutt said. "I will immediately start calling the many patients out there who have been supporting us. They're the people I'm concerned with." The judge's ruling is "horrific news for Coloradans" says Chris Paulson, who is leading efforts to oppose the measure. "I hope that Secretary of State Buckley will stick to her guns and appeal this ruling," Paulson said. The initiative would allow adult patients with serious illnesses, and their caregivers, to legally possess marijuana for medical use. Studies have shown that the drug relieves pain and nausea for those who suffer from diseases such as cancer, AIDS and glaucoma. Patients could not possess more than two ounces of marijuana and six marijuana plants, though exceptions could be made under certain conditions. Health insurance companies would not be required to reimburse patients for marijuana costs, and the state would keep track of people who could legally possess the drug through a confidential registry. Opponents say the initiative is dangerously worded to allow anyone - not just the seriously ill - to possess marijuana. They argue that other government-approved drugs are available for patients to relieve pain and nausea. The marijuana initiative joins two other measures - term limits and parental notification of abortion for minors - that landed on the ballot by default after Buckley ran out of time to certify them. The Rocky Mountain News on Friday quoted a temporary worker in Buckley's office saying that petition checkers had almost no supervision or training before they began verifying signatures on the marijuana initiative. Buckley testified in court that 20 temporary workers hired to check the marijuana proposal were given only written materials, no personal instructions, to learn to verify signatures. But a staff supervisor accompanied them, she said. Buckley denied comments by a temporary worker who said petition checkers on the marijuana proposal knew before their 30-day deadline that the random sample was faulty. The worker claimed that the petition checkers were then ordered to begin a line-by-line check of the signatures, but then were told to stop after finishing about 1,500 names. Buckley said neither she nor her staff knew the random sample was inaccurate until this week, and that no line-by-line recount was ordered. Buckley, a Republican who is seeking re-election, has faced criticism in recent months for her office's performance. But the judge and opposing attorney on Friday sympathized with her workload. As the initiative process becomes increasingly popular in Colorado, nine citizen-proposed statewide ballot measures were submitted to Buckley's office this summer, each containing at least 70,000 signatures to be verified. She also had to process dozens of candidate petitions. "Given the way initiatives have developed in this state, I'd certainly hope the legislature would revisit some of these laws," Stern said, referring to the statute that gives Buckley 30 days to process initiative petitions once they are submitted.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Petition Back On Ballot ('The Rocky Mountain News' Version) Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 11:38:17 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CO: Marijuana Petition Back On Ballot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Dave Fratello (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 Source: Rocky Mountain News (CO) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://insidedenver.com/news/ Author: Deborah Frazier, Rocky Mountain News Staff Writer MARIJUANA PETITION BACK ON THE BALLOT Dispute Over Signatures Is Moot, Judge Rules An initiative to legalize marijuana for medical purposes was ordered on the November ballot by a Denver judge Friday, but an appeal to the Colorado Supreme Court could take it off again. "It is my view that the matter should be certified," said Denver District Court Judge Herbert Stern, who listened to testimony about the validity of the petitions. "Let the chips fall where they will." The marijuana petition thus becomes the third petition to make the Nov. 3 ballot without adequate verification of signatures. Two others made the ballot by default when the Secretary of State's office failed to check the signatures within the 30-day time limit. This is the first year any unverified petition has made the ballot. Secretary of State Vikki Buckley had rejected the medical marijuana petitions after her staff checked a random sample of the signatures. She said that sample indicated there weren't enough signatures. Backers of the marijuana petition challenged the decision, saying the signature counts were sloppy and inaccurate. They checked the rejected signatures and found more than 200 to be valid. In court Friday, Morey Knaizer, the state attorney representing Buckley's office, acknowledged that there were errors in the secretary of state's signature count. The secretary of state's office hires dozens of temporary workers to check signatures against voter rolls. "It is surprising to me that an issue of this magnitude should be limited to 30 days and getting temporary workers," Stern said. Knaizer said he would file an appeal with the state Supreme Court on Monday. The ballot must be finalized next week and sent to the printer. If the high court rules against the marijuana petition, it may be too late to take it off the printed ballots. In that case, the votes on the measure won't be counted. "This means we can get on with the campaign," said Martin Chilcutt of Coloradans for Medical Rights, petition proponents. "I'll go out now and call the many people with AIDS and cancer that have been supporting us." Laurie Gaylord Simco, a temporary worker hired to validate signatures, told the Rocky Mountain News this week that the crew checking the marijuana petitions had little training or supervision. Buckley was questioned about Simco's statements on the witness stand Friday. She told Ed Ramey, attorney for the marijuana backers, that the temporary workers were given pamphlets and brochures explaining the process. Simco also said some of the temps didn't understand the criteria for rejecting signatures. When they finished the checks, Simco said an elections staff member told the crew that the random sample was faulty and told them to start a line-by-line count. That count was never completed. On the stand, Buckley said she wasn't aware of the problem with sample or that a line-by-line count had been started. "Her facts were mixed up," Buckley said of Simco's comments. "She worked on several petitions. She did not ever come to me with any concerns about the medical marijuana petition signatures." Stern cut short Buckley's testimony on the checking process. After deliberating for about an hour, he said election laws set a 30-day time frame for the checking and, if it's not completed, the issue must be certified. Knaizer had argued that the line-by-line count should be done even though it couldn't be completed in time for this year's election. He said if there are enough signatures, the issue can go on the 2000 ballot.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rise Seen In Lake Teens' Use Of Marijuana ('The Chicago Tribune' Says A Survey Of Teen-Agers In Lake County, Illinois, Carried Out By The Center For Prevention Research And Development At The University Of Illinois At Urbana-Champaign, Suggests Marijuana Use Among High School Juniors Increased To 22.9 Percent, Up From 15.1 Percent In 1992 - When It Comes To Drugs Than Can Kill You, 27.1 Percent Smoked Tobacco, Compared With 30.3 Percent In 1992, And 38.7 Percent Consumed Alcohol, Down From 45.6 Percent Six Years Ago)Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 13:05:55 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IL: Rise Seen In Lake Teens' Use Of Marijuana Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sept 1998 Author: Nancy Ryan RISE SEEN IN LAKE TEENS' USE OF MARIJUANA Although a survey of Lake County teens showed that alcohol and tobacco use has declined in the last six years among high school juniors, the study released Friday found that marijuana use has risen among 6th, 8th and 11th graders. Similar findings on marijuana use among teens appeared in a national government survey last month, prompting Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala to say that the rise was partly due to attitudes among students and parents that it is a low-risk, "soft" drug. "Because they grew up at a time when marijuana was around, this generation of parents has ambiguous feelings about it," said Peter Mulhall, a researcher with the Center for Prevention Research and Development at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who conducted the Lake County survey. The center did the study for the Lake County Fighting Back Coalition, a federally funded umbrella organization that advises and trains prevention groups in the county. Using a wide sample of 4,739 private and public students in Grades 6, 8 and 11--compared with 1,739 in 1992--the study is the most comprehensive, countywide survey of substance use among teens in the Chicago area. The study found that among high school juniors, 22.9 percent had smoked marijuana in the last month, up from 15.1 percent in 1992. Among 8th graders, the portion who had used it in the last four weeks increased to 10.9 percent, from 3.1 percent in 1992. In the 6th grade, 1.2 percent said they had, compared with 0.10 percent six years ago. Somewhat encouraging, though, are other study findings showing that marijuana use across the country appears to be leveling off after a steady rise since the early 1990s, Mulhall said. The researcher said he was surprised by the "significant" decline in 11th-grade tobacco use, with 27.1 percent reporting they had smoked in the last month, compared with 30.3 percent in 1992. Similarly, the portion of high school juniors who said they had consumed alcohol in the last four weeks dropped to 38.7 percent, from 45.6 percent six years ago. However, mirroring a nationwide trend, a pattern of increased alcohol and marijuana use among 8th graders was detected in the survey. In 1998, 18.9 percent of teens in that grade reported using alcohol in the last month, up from 15.1 percent in 1992. "What prevention groups can ask is, `What goes on between 6th and 8th grade that escalates this use?' " Mulhall said. Recent social trends, such as the increase in "latchkey kids," may be exacerbating the greater feelings of vulnerability and insecurity experienced at this stage of development, the researchers said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study On DARE's Effectiveness From The University Of Illinois At Carbondale Is Now Online (List subscribers publicize URLs for Adobe Acrobat and .html versions of the April 1998 study by Dennis Rosenbaum, "Assessing the Effects of School-Based Drug Education - a Six-Year Multi-Level Analysis of Project DARE," which finds the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program to be ineffective - or worse.) Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 13:42:25 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Jim Rosenfield (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: UIC study The recent (April 98) University of Illinois Carbondale study on DARE's effectiveness by Dr. Dennis Rosenbaum is now online at http://www.insightweb.com/think/ as an Adobe Acrobat (pdf) file. Thanks to Rolf Ernst for making this possible. Jim Rosenfield firstname.lastname@example.org tel: 310-836-0926 fax: 310-836-0592 Visit http://www.insightweb.com *** Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 18:34:57 EDT Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: "Rolf Ernst" (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: RE: UIC study There is an HTML version also at http://www.legalize-usa.org ... And I take it pretty soon at Jim's site ... I got the Houston study here but it looks like a pain in the neck to scan, tables over tables. But I'll take a crack at it ... Rolf
------------------------------------------------------------------- Excuses For A Drug War (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Des Moines Register' Responds To A Comment Last Month By Former Pot Smoker Donna Shalala, Secretary Of The US Department Of Health And Human Services, About Statistics On Marijuana Use By Youths) Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 14:03:36 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IA: PUB LTE: Excuses For A Drug War Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Carl Olsen Source: Des Moines Register (IA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dmregister.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 12 Aug 1998 Author: Carl Olsen EXCUSES FOR A DRUG WAR Regarding the reported increase in the use of marijuana by teen-agers ("Marijuana Leads Rise in Drug Use by Teens," August 22): Secretary of Health and Human Services Donna Shalala says, "The perception in this country is that marijuana is safe, that it's a soft drug." Duh. If it weren't for the fact that millions of people use marijuana without suffering the harmful effects that Shalala thinks they should suffer, we might have believed the propaganda our government has been feeding us for the past 60 years. The real crisis is that the use of marijuana is truly dangerous to the unfortunates who find themselves imprisoned as a result of this disgusting disguise for the persecution of people who don't do whatever the government tells us to do. If people should be imprisoned for possession of psychoactive drugs, everyone who uses alcohol should be locked up. If people should be imprisoned for polluting their lungs, everyone who uses tobacco should be locked up. It's time to re-evaluate the war on drugs before another generation of kids sees the drug war for what it is: another phoney excuse for being cruel to people who are different than the rest of us. Carl E. Olsen, 1116 E. Seneca Ave., Des Moines.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Reformer Survives Challenge ('The Times Union' Says Tom Leighton, The Marijuana Reform Party Candidate In The New York Gubernatorial Race, On Thursday Won A Challenge To The Group's Petition Initiated By The Green Party) Date: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 15:23:54 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: NY: Marijuana Reformer Survives Challenge Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 Source: Times Union (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.timesunion.com/ Author: James Odato, Capitol Bureau MARIJUANA REFORMER SURVIVES CHALLENGE Albany -- Green Party members fail to oust former supporter from ballot line At least one candidate on the ballot for the governor's race will admit to smoking pot. Tom Leighton running on the Marijuana Reform Party line, beat a petition challenge this week in a case decided by the state Board of Elections. Leighton is hoping to unseat Gov. George Pataki, who says that instead of smoking marijuana, he ate it with baked beans. Leighton, 47, a Manhattan photographer who has run for Congress and New York City borough president, is campaigning for the legalization of marijuana. AGreen Party member and former ally, Richard Hirsh, from Brooklyn, challenged the petitions that qualified Leighton to be on the Nov. 3 ballot. On Thursday, the state Board of Elections decided the petitions were valid. Ironically, Leighton was a member of the Green Party in the past, but the candidate and the party had a falling out over feminist issues, according to chairman Mark Dunlea. The Greens are running Al Lewis, better known as Grandpa Munster from the 1960s "Munsters'' television series, for governor. "The Greens went after us and I don't understand; all we want is to be included in the democratic process,'' Leighton said, who ran twice as a Green Party candidate for Congress. Leighton said he supports the Green platform and has been wrongly accused of being anti-feminist although he split with the group because he advocated a greater focus on environmental issues. Dunlea said the challenge was mounted by some individual members of the party and not the organization itself or the leadership. He said Hirsh acted on his own. The election board did throw out the petitions of the Term Limits Party, a group seeking to set limits on the number of terms elected leaders can hold -- for instance three terms for Congress and two for U.S. Senate. Lawyer Gary Sinawski of New York City is challenging that determination in a case scheduled for argument Friday in state Supreme Court in Albany. Hoping to run on the Term Limits line are: Judith Lowenstein Feder for governor; Mark Dane for lieutenant governor; Jonathan LeWinter for attorney general; Steve MacIntyre for comptroller; and Taffy Benjamin for U.S. Senate. The Board of Elections accepted about 9,500 of the 30,200 signatures submitted by the party. Officials said the problem with the majority was that many were signed by unregistered voters or other faults.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study Finds Treatment Aids Addicts ('The New York Times' Says A National Survey Released On Wednesday By The Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration Of The Department Of Health And Human Services, Which Interviewed And Drug Tested 1,799 People Five Years After Their Discharge From Treatment Programs, Confirmed That Older People Were More Likely To Curtail Drug Use And Criminal Behavior Than Younger Ones, And That Women Responded Better To Treatment Than Men - Drug Use By Adolescents, However, Did Not Drop Significantly After Treatment, And The Number Who Smoked Crack Cocaine And Abused Alcohol Actually Rose) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 19:06:41 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: NYT: Study Finds Treatment Aids Addicts Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Ty Trippet http://www.lindesmith.org Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Fax: 212-556-3622 Mail: Letters to the Editor, The New York Times, 229 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sep 1998 Author: Christopher S. Wren STUDY FINDS TREATMENT AIDS ADDICTS Offering new evidence that treating drug addicts works in the long term, a Government survey has reported that addicts who undergo treatment are considerably less likely to consume drugs or commit crimes to support their use, even after five years. Adolescents were the conspicuous exception. Their overall drug use did not drop significantly after treatment, the study said, and the number who smoked crack cocaine and abused alcohol actually rose. But adolescents have also been identified as the highest risk-taking age group, while adults tend to quit using drugs as they get older. The new survey confirmed that older people were more likely to curtail drug use and criminal behavior than younger ones. It also reported that women responded better to treatment than men. The national survey, which was released on Wednesday by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of the Department of Health and Human Services, surveyed 1,799 people five years after their discharge from drug abuse treatment programs in 1989 and 1990. Their responses on drug use were verified using urinalysis for traces of drugs. Relapse often occurs after treatment, but the study found that the number of people using any illicit drug dropped by 21 percent. The number of powder cocaine users decreased by 45 percent, while the number of crack smokers decreased by just 17 percent. The number of heroin users went down by 14 percent and marijuana users by 28 percent. The number of those using alcohol declined by 14 percent. Addicts who were treated with methadone, a synthetic heroin blocker, showed the most significant drop. Twenty-seven percent of those surveyed stopped using heroin. As for criminal behavior, the study reported that 56 percent fewer addicts stole cars and 38 percent fewer committed burglaries after completing treatment. The number of prostitutes and their procurers declined by 30 percent, the study said. Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, the retired Army general who is the White House's director of national drug policy, called the newest study "extremely important" in showing that treatment was cost-effective. In looking at what happened to graduates of treatment programs, General McCaffrey said in a telephone interview: "You'd expect some pretty bad results. Instead, you find that you've got a significant drop in drug-using behavior." Though Federal spending for treatment has increased 33 percent since the 1993 fiscal year, the Government continues to spend far more to interdict and seize drugs and arrest and imprison dealers and addicted felons. According to the White House's 1998 National Drug Control Strategy, drug treatment is available for barely 52 percent of the Americans who immediately need it. The survey released on Wednesday is formally called the Services Research Outcomes Study and was conducted by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. General McCaffrey is sure to cite it in his effort to persuade Congress to approve the Administration's requests for $200 million more in drug treatment financing and for another $85 million to treat addicted offenders caught in the criminal justice system. The requests, for the 1999 fiscal year, have been blocked in Congressional committee. "This is a litmus test of rational drug policy," said General McCaffrey, who said he would join the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Donna E. Shalala, in lobbying Congress for more treatment money. Camille Barry, the acting director of the Government's Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, said the study confirmed the long-term effectiveness of drug treatment. "We know that the longer you stay in treatment the better the outcome," Ms. Barry said. Yet 58 percent of the people surveyed had undergone treatment for the first time and 44 percent had spent a month or less in a treatment programs. "To have the results come out the way they did is very positive," Ms. Barry said. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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