------------------------------------------------------------------- Lungren And Medical Marijuana (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Los Angeles Times' Says California Attorney General Dan Lungren's Campaign To Nullify The California Compassionate Use Act Shows He's Unfit To Be The People's Governor) Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 07:30:49 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: Lungren And Medical Marijuana Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Pubdate: 13 September 1998 Fax: 213-237-4712 GOVERNOR'S RACE Lungren's claim that he will be a governor the people can trust has a hollow ring to it. How can we trust a man who used the full force of the attorney general's office for the past two years opposing the people's will about medical marijuana? Lungren brags about an egotistical inability to compromise under any circumstance, as though it is a virtue. Such an attitude will mean big trouble for California if Lungren is elected, because the governor's office will be constantly embroiled in Lungren's personal political battles instead of taking care of important state business. Fredrich Staten Mill Valley, Calif.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pro-Pot Activist Arrested In Latest Marijuana Raids ('The Hawaii Tribune-Herald' Says County Council Candidate And Marijuana Law-Reform Activist Jonathan Adler Was Arrested On Felony Cultivation Charges After Helicopter Surveillance Led Police To 89 Plants At Adler's Home In Hawaiian Paradise Park - Adler Said The Plants Were For Medicinal Use) Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 07:35:00 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US HI: Pro-pot Activist Arrested In Latest Marijuana Raids Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Roger Christie email@example.com Source: Hawaii Tribune-Herald (Hilo, HI) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 PRO-POT ACTIVIST ARRESTED IN LATEST MARIJUANA RAIDS (Ed's note: Am uncertain whether Pubdate is 27 Aug 1998 or as above. pd) County council candidate and pro-marijuana activist Jonathan Adler was arrested Wednesday on felony drug charges after police found marijuana plants and stalks and drug paraphernalia at Adler's home in Hawaiian Paradise Park. Hilo vice Lt. Chadwick Fukui said that the arrest was made in connection with this week's ongoing "counter cannabis field operation," which police describe as "maintenance" efforts to eliminate patches of the illicit plant around the island. "We did not even know that this was his house," Fukui said. Officers spotted plants outside the home by helicopter during the operation and obtained a search warrant for the 19th Avenue home and property. Fukui said that once police were inside the home, they found identification that pointed to Adler as being the resident. At Adler's rented home police allegedly recovered 89 growing marijuana plants ranging in height from seedlings to 4 1/2 feet tall, 15 stalks believed to be from marijuana plants, smoking pipes and containers with marijuana residue. Adler, 46, later turned himself in to police. He was arrested for commercial promotion of marijuana and possession of drug paraphernalia, both felonies. He was released pending further investigation, which is a routine process in drug investigations. Adler, who has made several unsuccessful runs for political office, told the Tribune-Herald that the marijuana was being grown for medicinal purposes and he was looking forward to his day in court. Adler's arrest was the third in connection with this week's marijuana raids. On Monday police arrested two Hawaiian Paradise Park residents on whose property police allegedly found 92 marijuana plants. Police said Wednesday's eradication efforts resulted in the seizure of 8,371 marijuana plants ranging in size up to 10 feet from Hamakua and North and South Hilo. That brought the total number of plants seized over the past three days to 13,863. Participating with police in the campaign were officers from the Honolulu and Maui police departments, the Hawaii Army National Guard and agents from the State Narcotics Enforcement Division and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Disorganized Crime ('The Dallas Morning News' Describes 'La Eme,' Also Known As The Texas Mexican Mafia, A Violent, Prison-Born Crime Organization In Which 'Everyone Is Expendable - When You Take Them Out, Whether It's The Leaders Or The Soldiers, There Is Someone To Take Their Place') Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 16:27:05 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: Disorganized Crime Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 Author: David Mclemore / The Dallas Morning News DISORGANIZED CRIME SAN ANTONIO - On a hot August night last year, a cramped apartment on a faded block of West French Place became a slaughterhouse. Inside, police found five bodies, four of them teenagers. Each lay face-down, tightly bound with duct tape, shotgunned to death. It was the worst mass murder in San Antonio in recent memory. It also was a mistake, police said. One that would prove costly to the Texas Mexican Mafia, a violent, prison-born crime organization that calls San Antonio home. Also known as La Eme (Spanish for the letter M), the Texas Mexican Mafia long ago spilled out of the Texas prison system, where it began as a protective organization for Latino inmates in the early 1980s. Through intimidation and brute violence, La Eme has gained control over heroin trafficking, extortion and prostitution in San Antonio and throughout South Texas. Now, thanks to aggressive recruiting in and out of prison, La Eme seeks new territory in El Paso, Lubbock, Bryan, Dallas and Fort Worth. At the same time, the apparent pointlessness of the French Place murders underscores faltering discipline within La Eme, authorities say. And it signals a dangerous instability in what the FBI calls the most powerful crime organization in South Texas. On July 20, following a lengthy investigation by the FBI and San Antonio police, a federal grand jury indicted 16 La Eme members, including key leaders. They were charged with racketeering, extortion and murder in connection with the French Place slayings. Federal prosecutors believe the indictments severely damaged the leadership of the gang. Among those arrested was Robert "Beaver" Perez, an alleged La Eme general, who, according to prosecutors, has orchestrated 14 murders since 1994. They include the assassination of a gang rival and the five people killed on French Place - where the gang mistakenly thought drugs were stashed. "French Place didn't break the case on the Mexican Mafia. But it lit the fuse," said FBI Special Agent Mike Appleby, who has investigated the organization for nearly six years. "It does show just how La Eme has changed. "Five years ago, retribution was dealt out only to the offender, not his family," Agent Appleby said. "Today, they largely kill each other in disputes over drugs and money or in power struggles for gang leadership. If family members or bystanders get hit, too, that's tough." Like some homegrown Cosa Nostra, La Eme has operated for more than a decade in a shadowy world of drug dealing, extortion and assassination. In 1992, the known membership of La Eme in Texas prisons totaled about 700. Today, prison officials confirm 1,425 members, making La Eme the largest of 10 active prison gangs, said Sam Buentello, director of the anti-gang division for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Membership in La Eme outside prison is less precise. Law enforcement officers estimate it's in the low thousands. In 1993, when gang warfare sent San Antonio homicides spiraling above 200, La Eme was considered responsible for 73 murders. Now, with homicides averaging about 120 a year, La Eme is still responsible for about 10 percent of the city's violent deaths, according to San Antonio police homicide Lt. Ed Quintanilla. "They look like any street thug. But the big difference between La Eme and the regular street criminal is that the street criminal is only in it for himself," Lt. Quintanilla said. " La Eme is in it for the organization. They've taken the pledge. It's their way of life." Taking a hit Heroin remains the drug of choice for La Eme, both to sell and to use. "Almost every one of them is a heroin user. They shake down the small-time street dealers. They prey on people in the housing projects. They pretty much stay in their own neighborhoods and don't branch out to the rest of the city," Agent Appleby said. "They're like fire ants, though. Get in their way and they swarm all over you," he said. "If you are driving around on the weekend and stop at a convenience store to get a Coke and look funny at these guys, they will kill you." Inmates take La Eme home with them when they leave prison, Mr. Buentello said. From San Antonio headquarters, tentacles reach out to Corpus Christi, El Paso, Houston and Dallas and smaller cities in South Texas. La Eme also has a small presence in California and the Midwest, thanks to the federal prison system. "La Eme is now actively recruiting youth gangs. For many of these kids, moving up to La Eme is seen as a promotion," Mr. Buentello said. Dallas connections In Dallas, La Eme's presence is felt but isn't a major factor in gang-related crime, according to Lt. Victor Woodberry, head of the Dallas Police gang unit. "We know they're there, particularly in the Southeast side of Dallas," he said. "We have 8,700 street gang members in the city, and 63 percent of them are Hispanic. Our biggest concern is their recruitment of young gang members to move heroin and marijuana." La Eme is the brainchild of San Antonio native Heriberto Huerta, who formed the gang in 1984 in the state prison at Huntsville while serving a sentence for drug distribution, authorities said. In his Constitution of the Texas Mexican Mafia, hand-drafted in Spanish in his cell in Huntsville, Mr. Huerta articulated a manifesto to a life of crime - and a strict code of unquestioned obedience to the organization. Despite spending the last two decades in state and federal prisons, Mr. Huerta, 44, remains La Eme's president and chief executive officer, according to federal investigators and prison officials. Commander in chief Under his command, La Eme is overseen by a hierarchy of generals, captains, lieutenants and soldiers, who imposed a 10 percent street tax, called "the dime," on criminal enterprises working in gang territory. Allegiance to La Eme is for life. Violation of the rules is treason. Mr. Huerta also conceived La Eme as a quasi-religious organization, overlaid with deep strains of racial pride, Latino mysticism and references to Aztlan, the mythic homeland of descendants of the Aztecs. Members are known as Mexikanemi, street slang for "free Mexican." He directed the organization's business from behind bars through coded messages to trusted generals, through prison mail or via conference calls conducted during routine phone calls to his mother in San Antonio, according to some of the 17,000 intercepts the FBI had on the phones, pagers and cell phones of La Eme members. In echoes of the current indictments, federal prosecutors charged Mr. Huerta and 31 others affiliated with La Eme in 1993 on multiple criminal racketeering and drug trafficking charges. On Feb. 24, 1994, a federal jury in San Antonio found Mr. Huerta guilty. Also convicted were Mr. Huerta's wife, Cindy Huerta, and mother, Sofia Nanez, who helped smuggle heroin to him in prison. Now serving a life sentence at the maximum security federal facility at Florence, Colo., Mr. Huerta is isolated from other inmates and can make only one call per week, federal investigators said. "It's cut down on his effectiveness" Agent Appleby said. "But Herbie is still the boss." The disruption in the leadership caused by the 1994 convictions didn't end La Eme, Agent Appleby said. It, however, put cracks in La Eme's leadership and structure. "Herbie lost a lot of respect internally when he got his mom and wife sent to prison. There are also questions of how the money collected from the 'dime' is being spent," Agent Appleby said. "Factions have developed, and there's not that sense of total allegiance to a leader or to the organization." For example, the murder contract was once considered an honorable act within La Eme, Agent Appleby said. "They call it 'bringing down the light,' and it was for serious violations of the gang's laws and required a vote by the membership and approval by the membership," he said. "Now, minor infractions that used to get you a beating will get you killed. We've seen where a dispute over an $80 dope deal results in a green light." How deeply La Eme has changed emerged during the French Place investigation. Binding victims hand and foot with tape and the overkill brutality were unmistakable trademarks of the Texas Mexican Mafia, according to authorities. Rodolfo Vara, 49, a disabled veteran, lived at the duplex with his daughter, Elbira Vara, 19, and her boyfriend, Ricardo Gonzalez, 18. None were associated with La Eme or drug dealing. Neither was Chris Tobias, 18, and Edward Mendel, 18, who had dropped by to see the younger couple at the wrong time. "It wasn't supposed to be a hit. We have information that the local leadership heard drugs or money were at the apartment and sent six soldiers to rob it. They apparently had the wrong address or bad information," an investigator said. "As the soldiers ransacked the place and roughed up the older man, the daughter insulted their manhood with an insult in Spanish. They went berserk and killed them all." Paying the price On Aug. 14, 1997, six days after the killings on French Place, the body of Robert de los Santos, identified by police as one of the shooters, was found dumped on a road in an isolated part of south Bexar County. He had been choked, stabbed and run over by a car. Another shooter, Adam Tenorio, was found stabbed to death a week later. "We believe they were ordered killed because they'd been talking too much," an investigator said. "There are some indications, however, they were hit because higher-ups wanted to know what happened to the drugs or money that was supposed to be at French Place." La Eme's unpredictability makes doing business with the gang a scary venture, said an attorney who once defended gang members years ago. "The new guys are loose cannons," said the attorney, who asked that his name not be used. "I stay as far away from them now as I can. One day, you're great; the next day, they think you're a federal snitch because you didn't get them out of jail." Although he acknowledged that gang members engaged in criminal activity, the attorney said that the older members held certain admirable values. "The old guys would treat you with respect and expect the same. They acted like gentlemen. This new bunch has no respect," the attorney said. "They kill people based on rumor. The old guys didn't kill the innocent." San Antonio police say they are pleased they've been able to hit La Eme hard twice in four years. They say they're glad to see the leaders behind bars. But they harbor no illusions. "They are part of an organization where everyone is expendable. When you take them out, whether it's the leaders or the soldiers, there is someone to take their place," Lt. Quintanilla said. "They're not going away." Mr. Huerta said as much in La Eme's constitution. "Above these sacrifices, in bad times or good times, there is no one or anyone that can kill or destroy our sacrificing spirit," he wrote. "Brothers, truthfully I say to you, we will win."
------------------------------------------------------------------- By The Numbers ('The Salt Lake Tribune' Notes The US Government Estimates Americans Spent $7 Billion Last Year On Marijuana, While NORML Estimates $7.5 Billion Was The Minimum Amount Federal, State, And Local Governments Spent Combating Marijuana) Date: Mon, 14 Sep 1998 16:28:43 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US UT: By The Numbers Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 Source: Salt Lake Tribune (UT) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org BY THE NUMBERS $4,500,000,000: Average annual amount the U.S. will spend on nuclear-arms programs through the year 2008 $3,700,000,000: Average annual U.S. spending on nuclear-arms programs during the Cold War 1/3: Portion of the Defense Department's ``critical'' computer systems that are not vulnerable to the year 2000 bug +460: Percentage change since 1991 in total Microsoft contributions to the Democratic and Republican parties +1,863: Percentage change since then in Microsoft contributions to the Republican Party alone 4:3: Ratio of political contributions made last year by the consumer-credit industry to those made by tobacco companies 23: Percentage of Americans who are in favor of outlawing cigarettes $7,000,000,000: Estimated amount Americans spent on marijuana last year, according to the federal government $7,500,000,000: Minimum amount federal, state, and local governments spent combating marijuana, according to NORML 47,000: Estimated number of American senior citizens who played tackle football last year 8:1: Ratio of miles of logging and other roads in U.S. national forests to the total length of the interstate highway system 0: Number of months since January that have not broken a record for average global heat
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton Releases Drug-Fighting Grants; Atlanta Among Recipients ('The Atlanta Journal-Constitution' Says President Clinton Told Americans 'We Must Stay Focused On Your Business' And Released $8.7 Million Saturday In New Drug-Fighting Grants) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Clinton releases drug-fighting grants; Atlanta among recipients Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 18:06:00 -0700 Sender: email@example.com September 13, 1998 Clinton releases drug-fighting grants; Atlanta among recipients By Sandra Sobieraj, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution Washington--President Clinton told Americans "we must stay focused on your business" and released $8.7 million Saturday in new drug-fighting grants. Although overall drug use has dropped by half since 1979, Clinton said, drug-abuse trends among young people suggest that half this year's high school seniors will have smoked marijuana by their graduation. "When we know that drugs lead to crime, to failure in school, to fraying of families and neighborhoods, we know we must do better," he said in his weekly radio broadcast from the Oval Office. He called the grants "high impact, low red tape" and said they would attack drug use by working together at the community level neighborhood by neighborhood, block by block, person by person." The federal money--in grants of up to $100,000 apiece for use next year--is being awarded to coalitions working with Big Brother-Big Sister, the Elks, YMCA and other groups in 93 sites nationwide, including Los Angeles, Atlanta, Chicago and Miami. The bulk of the money is being awarded to 54 predominantly urban areas, and 36 of the grants are going to rural communities. "The program we are launching today will help all of us come together--parents, teachers, coaches, religious leaders, volunteers, law enforcement--to address this problem and to encourage youth to understand that any drug use is not only unacceptable but harmful," said retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, director of Clinton's Office of National Drug Control Policy. Spending bills drafted in the House and Senate would fund the grant program at $20 million for fiscal 1999. Clinton, at the end of what he called "an exhausting and difficult week in the capital," laid out his other priorities that Congress has not funded--including school construction and modernization and America's contribution to the International Monetary Fund. "It is truly encouraging to me how we have put aside partisan differences to save our children and their future from drugs," Clinton said. "We have to do that on other issues critical to our future--now and even in the weeks before the election in November. We must stay focused on your business." *** When away, you can STOP and RESTART W.H.E.N.'s news clippings by sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Ignore the Subject: line. In the body put "unsubscribe when" to STOP. To RESTART, put "subscribe when" in the e-mail instead (No quotation marks.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug-Fighting Money Released ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version) Date: Sun, 13 Sep 1998 17:17:38 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Drug-Fighting Money Released Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Sept. 13, 1998 Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ DRUG-FIGHTING MONEY RELEASED Clinton Orders Award Of Grants To Discourage Use By Young People WASHINGTON - President Clinton ordered the distribution of more than $8.7 million in new drug-fighting grants Saturday and told the nation he would "stay focused on your business." Clinton, in his weekly radio address, made no mention of independent counsel Kenneth Starr's report to Congress but acknowledged he had "an exhausting and difficult week." Clinton announced the federal grants aimed at funding programs to discourage drug, alcohol and tobacco use by young people and urged lawmakers to enact legislation to help the International Monetary Fund deal with the financial crises gripping Asia and Russia. "The most important thing to do now is to stay focused on the issues the American people sent us here to deal with, from health care, to the economy, to terrorism," he said. The "high impact, low red tape" drug-fighting grants are being awarded to 93 community-based organizations nationwide. The bulk of the money will go to urban areas and rural communities. The grants go to programs that focus on uniting parents, teachers, religious leaders and law enforcement agencies to help "give kids an option after school from 3 to 7 p.m. and on weekends," Clinton's drug czar Barry McCaffrey said. "It is a very fundamental new initiative in the national drug strategy that says let's get community-based in what we are trying to achieve," he said. Ranging in size from $16,000 to $100,000, the grants will be used by community groups such as the Elks and the Lions to finance education programs and other efforts to discourage substance abuse. "Their dollar amounts are not large," Clinton said. "But if these grants empower communities to do more of what works, to keep young people away from the scourge of drugs, their effect will be enormous." While overall drug use has dropped by half since 1979, Clinton said drug-abuse trends among young people suggest half of this year's high school seniors will have smoked marijuana by the time they graduate. "When we know that drugs lead to crime, to failure in school, to fraying of families and neighborhoods, we know we must do better," the president said in his weekly radio broadcast. "We can reverse this terrible trend if we attack it in the way we did the crime problem, by working together at the community level, neighborhood by neighborhood, block by block, person by person."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Don't Go Soft On Cannabis ('The Mail On Sunday' In Britain Says Police Are Urging The Government Not To Legalise The Use Of Cannabis For Medical Treatment, Alleging That In 'Some' American States, Police Have Given Up Prosecuting Drug Users Because Courts 'Routinely' Accept Medical Usage As A Defence) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 17:28:35 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Don't Go Soft On Cannabis Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (CLCIA) Pubdate: 13 Sep 1998 Source: The Mail on Sunday (UK) Author: Chester Stern, Crime Correspondent Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org DON'T GO SOFT ON CANNABIS THE Government is being urged not to legalise the use of cannabis for medical treatment. Police chiefs are strongly opposed to the move on the grounds that drug users will escape prosecution for possession by claiming they are undergoing treatment. The Police Superintendents' Association, meeting in Bristol this week, will ask home Secretary Jack Straw to fund research into the therapeutic uses of cannabis so that proper controls can be introduced. It points to the American experience where police have given up prosecuting drug users in some states because courts routinely accept medical usage as a defence. But the Association which has campaigned against the legalisation of cannabis because of its proven damaging effects and links with crime, is generally in favour of the Government's 10-year drugs strategy.. The superintendents - the frontline operational managers of the police service - are also set for confrontation with ministers over plans to reduce the prison population and save money by finding alternatives to custodial sentences. The central theme of their annual conference will be a debate on the subject Does Prison Work? At which controversial former Director-General of the Prison service, Derek Lewis, will be a guest speaker. The president, Superintendent Peter Gammon, is expected to tell the Home Secretary that prison is the only acceptable penalty for persistent offenders even if their crimes are not serious. He will produce figures showing that reductions in crime are directly proportional to an increase in the prison population. The superintendents argue that the greater the number of offenders locked up, the less the public are subjected to crime, disorder and fear. This situation increases the economic, social and political well-being of the country, they say. They strongly favour new measures brought in under the Crime and Disorder Act to reduce crime by cracking down on anti-social behaviour among youngsters. Chief Supt. Gammon said: 'Unless we take a tough stance and oppose the dubious penal reform that is being proposed by some, ultimately society will pay both in terms of the impact on the individual crime victim and the wider social issues.' -------------------------------------------------------------------
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