------------------------------------------------------------------- Measure 67 - Medical marijuana splinters doctors (The Oregonian says the lack of consensus among Oregon physicians about medical marijuana is so deep that the Oregon Medical Association's governing body voted in April to remain neutral on Measure 67. Dr. Rick Bayer, chief petitioner for the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act, suggests more doctors would voice support, but "Most are afraid to come out of the closet because of fears about the DEA." Dr. Charles Hofmann, president of the OMA, says the debate is a replay of the physician-assisted suicide campaign in 1994 - "The overwhelming arguments in both are compassion and respect for individual rights.") The Oregonian letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Measure 67: Medical marijuana splinters doctors * Some Oregon physicians support Measure 67, which would legalize the drug for a variety of ailments, but others are concerned about its effects Thursday, October 15 1998 By Patrick O'Neill of The Oregonian staff The question of whether to legalize marijuana for medical purposes has divided Oregon's doctors. Some laud marijuana as a cheap, effective way to reduce the nausea and pain of serious illness. Others warn that it's untested, unnecessary and open to abuse. The disagreement is so deep and widespread that the Oregon Medical Association's governing body voted in April to remain neutral on the issue -- neither supporting nor opposing Measure 67, which would make smoked marijuana legal for a variety of medical purposes. Doctors are drawn by sympathy for patients and the desire for their methods to be scientifically valid, said Dr. Charles Hofmann, president of the OMA, which represents 5,800 of the state's 8,300 physicians. During its April meeting, Hofmann proposed adoption of the American Medical Association's view on medical marijuana - in essence, that more research is needed before doctors give patients the drug. The outcome of the debate was a replay of one in 1994, when the OMA decided to take no position on physician-assisted suicide, another contentious medical issue that went before Oregon voters. In both instances, the state organization was at odds with the national association, which strongly opposes assisted suicide and medical marijuana. "Those two issues are so similar," Hofmann said. "The overwhelming arguments in both are compassion and respect for individual rights." He characterized the attitudes of Oregon doctors as a reflection of people in general. A recent poll indicated that almost 60 percent of Oregon voters would cast ballots in favor of Measure 67. The measure, on the Nov. 3 ballot, would legalize marijuana for patients with cancer, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, seizures and muscle spasms, pain, nausea and wasting. Hofmann, a Baker City internist, opposes legalization. "I am concerned that the amount of controlled scientific evidence that says smoked marijuana is better for these specific conditions is lacking," he said. "I fully believe that it is a step down the road to the legalization of other drugs." Dr. Richard Bayer disagrees. Bayer, a Portland internist and a chief petitioner for the medical marijuana initiative, said he has seen numerous patients who have benefited from smoking marijuana. One of his patients, he said, had lost both legs to a land mine in Vietnam and suffered the phantom pains that plague many amputees. "He had morphine, but he said he liked marijuana better because it didn't give him the hallucinations and constipation of morphine," Bayer said. Bayer said he considered suggesting other patients try marijuana, "but I never engaged in that discussion because I was too frightened that I might lose my medical license." When California voters approved legalization of medical marijuana in 1996, Bayer became involved in trying to make the drug available to Oregonians. However, few doctors have publically aligned themselves with him, despite the OMA's lack of opposition. "Most are afraid to come out of the closet because of fears about the DEA," Bayer said of the Drug Enforcement Administration. Physicians who recommend marijuana fear the DEA will revoke their permits to prescribe drugs. Harbinger or harmless? Some doctors say the medical arsenal has enough drugs against pain and nausea without including marijuana. Dr. Marshall D. Bedder, a pain management specialist with Advanced Pain Management Group, a Portland physicians' group, said modern drugs eliminate the need for smoked marijuana. Bedder, whose practice includes treating drug addicts, sees medical marijuana as another slip down the slope of drug abuse. "Addicts uniformly tell us that marijuana was a gateway drug," he said. "We have such a problem with substance abuse that to legalize yet another substance is the absolute wrong direction to go. Physicians now have the availability of the active ingredient in marijuana -- THC -- that we prescribe every day." Other doctors see marijuana as a relatively harmless substance. Dr. Charles M. Grossman, a Portland internist since 1950, said that, on balance, the medical marijuana measure "is something that is worth passing." In 1972, Grossman was chairman of a City Club of Portland committee that considered the issue of decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana. Grossman said he searched medical literature for evidence of marijuana's ill effects. "All the scientific literature I read indicated that the effects of marijuana on people -- even young people who smoked a number of joints a day -- was far less harmful than alcohol and tobacco," he said. Compassion for patients outweighs concerns about the possible side effects of medical marijuana, Grossman said. He acknowledged that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration hasn't confirmed the safety and effectiveness of smoked marijuana. But FDA approval is a secondary matter, he said. "You can't argue with patients who say they get relief from their pain or nausea." Concerns about lack of control Dr. Susan McCall, vice president of the Oregon Society of Addiction Medicine, a doctors' group, said the society opposes the measure, and she sees many hidden pitfalls. "The initiative circumvents the normal drug-approval process," she said. Unlike other drugs, she said, marijuana's safety and effectiveness would be enshrined in law. If science later found that marijuana was harmful for some patients, there would be no way, short of legislative action, to force its withdrawal from use, she said. A big drawback of the measure, she said, is that it does not provide for the kind of evaluations that, for example, caused the wildly popular diet drug Redux to be taken out of circulation in September 1997. Redux was taken off the market by the FDA when it was found to be associated with heart-valve abnormalities. McCall also said the measure would prohibit the Oregon Board of Medical Examiners, the licensing board for physicians, or anyone else from overseeing a physician's recommendations for marijuana use. "The recommending physician would be the only one eligible to review it," she said. "There's no requirement for that physician to be skilled in the treatment of the condition for which it's recommended. You may have it recommended for treatment of (multiple sclerosis, for example), but the physician could be a psychiatrist." Before using a drug that might have undesirable side effects, she said, doctors should ask whether all traditional medications have been tried. "We do encourage the study of the potential impact of making cannabis available for medical use," she said. "We support the legitimate use of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol." That substance, a derivative of marijuana, is used in Marinol, a prescription drug used for nausea. Dr. Grant Higginson, Oregon health officer and deputy administrator of the state Health Division, prepared a fiscal impact statement estimating that about 500 Oregonians would use marijuana annually if the measure passes. He estimated it would cost $140,000 to $295,000 annually to fulfill the agency's responsibilities under the law.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Measure 67 - Medical Marijuana Splinters Doctors (A letter sent to the editor of The Oregonian from Dr. Tod H. Mikuriya, the former director of marijuana research for the National Institute of Mental Health and editor of "Marijuana - Medical Papers 1839-1972," says physicians who claim not enough is known about marijuana to endorse its medical use are suffering from ignorance. Uncritical acceptance of cannabis-prohibition-cult dogmatism and failure to adequately research medical literature are the etiologies.) Date: Sat, 17 Oct 1998 07:48:01 -0700 From: "Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D." (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Alternative Health Services To: email@example.com Subject: Measure 67:Medical Marijuana Splinters Doctors Cannabis was available by prescription for approximately 90 years before being illegitimately taken off the market in 1938- a victim of the federal 1937 Marihuana Tax Act. Neither the composition of the drug nor human physiology has changed in the subsequent sixty plus years. The opinions of the "know nothing" physicians who claim not enough is known display their ignorance. Uncritical acceptance of cannabis prohibition cult dogmatism and failure to adequately research medical literature are the etiologies. The inappropriate preoccupation with controls for prescribing and controlling cannabis are derivatives of this ignorance. With understandable fear of their unknown, this response would be expectable. Dr Kitzhaber in his opposition should be considered to have repudiated his hippocratic oath through harm from inappropriate use of the criminal justice system facilitated by him to hurt seriously ill Oregonians. Cannabis prohibition cultists have produced a situation not unlike "Rosemary's Baby" meets the "Planet of the Apes" where questions of medicinal utility or safety are concerned. Federal legislative findings should be considered extraordinary popular delusions and madness of crowds- but not science. Review of the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act hearings discloses a pack of lies and misrepresentations from congress then as now. The most tragic consequense is the assault on the physician patient relationship and the attenuation of the role of the physican as authoritative leader. When a patient presents with a valuable clinical discovery and is then disbelieved, the critical element of trust and respect has been shattered. The physician is then only a provider that has diminished his/her credibility. Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D. Former Director Marijuana Research National Institute of Mental Health Medical Coordinator California Cannabis Centers Editor, Marijuana Medical Papers 1839-1972
------------------------------------------------------------------- Schools Drop DARE Program (The Statesman Journal in Salem, Oregon, says the Salem-Keizer School District, following a national trend, has abandoned the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program for fifth graders in half of its schools, and the other half are evaluating the effectiveness of the police-taught program. According to a 1998 study by Salem-Keizer Together, a community drug-prevention network, the number of sixth graders who use drugs at a moderate to high rate rose to an all time high of 6.1 percent in 1998.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 04:34:17 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: "email@example.com" (firstname.lastname@example.org), Cannabis Patriots (email@example.com), "firstname.lastname@example.org" (email@example.com), Oregon Commonlaw (firstname.lastname@example.org), email@example.com, Subject: CanPat - SCHOOLS DROP D.A.R.E. PROGRAM! Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org SCHOOLS DROP D.A.R.E. PROGRAM! The Statesman Journal 10-15-98 Transcribed by Paul Freedom (the Stateman doesn't have the luxury of an active news page to copy the article :-) THE SALEM-KEIZER SCHOOL DISTRICT SAYS THE ANTI-DRUG PROGRAM CUT TOO MUCH INTO CORE CURRICULUM by Kristin Green The Statesman Journal Following a national trend , the Salem-Keizer School District has abandoned the well-know Drug Abuse Resistance Education program in half of its schools. The other half of the schools are evaluating the effectiveness of the police- taught program, once touted as a national model for keeping kids drug-free. Many teachers in those elementary schools have said they don't have time in their busy classroom schedules for the program; they want DARE to be offered after school. Defenders of DARE say it builds self-esteem while teaching while teaching kids to say no to drugs and alcohol. But a growing body of studies suggests that the benefits don't last. "Most kids probably aren't going to listen," said Serena Dahl, 10, a fifth grader at Liberty Elementary School. State schools chief Norma Paulus believes DARE is ineffective. She thinks schools should re-evaluate the role of the program in the school day. "It's intrusive on instructional time and the studies don't show it works," she said. "I think the better alternative ... is to have a strong health program." According to a 1998 study by Salem-Keizer Together, a community drug- prevention network, the number of sixth graders who use drugs at a moderate to high rate rose to an all time high of 6.1 percent in 1998. Thirteen percent of eight-graders and 19.2 percent of 11th-graders reported drug use at that level. DARE is taught one hour a week over sixteen weeks to fifth graders. A police officer encourages kids to say no to drugs by telling them the effects of drugs on their bodies, the potential consequences of using drugs and specific ways to say no. The program also works on building self-esteem and teaching children to be assertive. Salem-Keizer students already learn the skills taught in DARE from teachers and counselors, said Wink Miller, the school district's director of elementary education. "We'll continue to focus on kids living healthy lifestyles. We think that will help us do the same things DARE will do for us," Miller said. But John Stackhouse, a Salem police officer who teaches DARE in Salem elementary schools, said teachers can't present lessons the same way he does. "We walk in and have immediate credibility based on our background," said Stackhouse, who was a narcotics officer in Salem for three years. "Every working cop is going to have a different perspective on the effects of drugs." Sarah Killian, a fifth-grader, said police officers tell stories of real-life experiences that make her want to stay away from drugs. She doubts her regular teacher could do the same thing. "It's nice to have the police officer come because he's more experienced", she said. DARE also allows police officers to develop rapport with students and their parents, said Marion County Sheriff Raul Ramirez, a staunch DARE supporter. Marion County deputies who taught DARE in Salem-Keizer schools were reassigned a year ago. The deputies, paid with school district funds, became full-time school resource officers. But deputies still teach DARE in 12 elementary schools outside the Salem-Keizer School District. "It's allowed us to bond with the community. We see that as a manner of reinforcing values," he said. "I wish we could be in every school." Keizer elementary school teachers asked a year ago to eliminate the DARE program, in part because officers weren't available to teach at the same time every week. The officers' unpredictable schedules sometimes meant that DARE interrupted class time devoted to core classes. "It's more important for kids to learn to read and write," Paulus said. But officers can teach the basics while doing the DARE lessons, supporters say. Without the DARE program, children don't connect with police in a meaningful way. "We're disappointed," said Keizer Police Lt. Kent Barker. "It's unfortunate because we're going to lose the contact with grade school kids." Whiteacre Middle School in Keizer planned to teach DARE when it was cut from the elementary schools, but administrators decided their wasn't time. Courtney Brooks, a fifth-grader at Liberty, said middle school is the time when she thinks she'll feel pressure to use drugs or drink alcohol. "When you're in middle school, it's like, I need to make some friends," she said. Amber Hames, 10, said, "I don't think one year is enough." The commitment of good intentioned police officers makes it difficult for school administrators to reject DARE. "It's almost sacred. Sometimes it's hard to let go," said Larry Austin, a spokesman for the Oregon Department of Education. But Salem-Keizer school officials are feeling pressure from the state to drop DARE, and they're concerned about the state's new instructional standards and the schools' low test scores. As a result. they're rethinking the way they use teaching time. "It's not a movement away because we value the service of the program, but it's our need to capture more time to intensify instruction," said Marlin Herb, executive assistant to the superintendent of Salem-Keizer schools. Carla Moyer, a prevention specialist for the school district, said DARE's dose of refusal skills to fifth-graders isn't enough to keep children drug-free throughout middle and high school. "Is it more effective than what a good teacher would do? I don't think so," Moyer said. "It reinforces what we do." But Carl Goodard, a Salem Police officer assigned to teach DARE, believes in the program's ambitions. "I can't say whether it's going to put a stop to kids using drugs, but it's a start," Goodard said. As long as we can be in the classrooms teaching DARE, why yank out a tool that the kids enjoy and the teachers enjoy?" Goodard said he even offers to spend time one-on-one with students who need advice about something in their lives. "How can you say we don't need that anymore?" *** STATESMAN JOURNAL-- LETTERS TO THE EDITOR- INSTRUCTIONS Length: Up to 150 words for letters, 500 words for guest opinions. Longer items may be considered, returned for revision or published at our option. All items are subject to editing and publication deadlines. Include: Your signature, first and last name, town and for verification( not for publication), day and evening phone and home street address. Guest opinions are published with a photo and information about the writer. Mail: Letters to the Editor (or Guest Opinions), to Statesman Journal, PO Box 13009, Salem, Oregon 97309-1015 E-mail: email@example.com Fax: 503-399-6706 Office Address: 280 Church St.NE in downtown Salem Guidelines: 503-399-6699 or 800 556-3975, Ext. 6699 *** Cannabis Patriots http://www.teleport.com/~nepal/canpat.htm
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Columbian newspaper has an online medical marijuana forum (A list subscriber invites activists to lobby for reform at the web site of the Vancouver, Washington, daily.) Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 16:55:24 -0700 (PDT) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Darral Good) To: email@example.com Subject: HT: The columbian newspaper has an online medical MJ forum Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com www.columbian.com just click on "discussion forums" in the "Currents" section and add your 420 cents worth!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Yelm police number improperly listed in voter pamphlet (The Tacoma News Tribune, noting Washington state law bars the use of any public office or facility to support or oppose a ballot measure, says the Yelm Police Department's telephone number was improperly listed in 1.9 million copies of the state voters' guide as a source of information for opponents of Initiative 692, the ballot initiative to legalize medical use of marijuana.) Date: Sun, 18 Oct 1998 17:48:55 -0700 (PDT) From: Ben (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Subject: HT: News Tribune reports Yelm Police number in voter pamphlet Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org For this and MORE, visit Hemp.Net's I-692 page at http://www.hemp.net/news/initiative.html Title: Yelm police number improperly listed in voter pamphlet Pubdate: October 15, 1998 Source: Tacoma News Tribune Contact: email@example.com The Yelm Police Department's telephone number was improperly listed in the state voters guide as a number to call for information opposing a ballot initiative to legalize medical use of marijuana. The department's nonemergency number, printed in 1.9 million copies of the pamphlet, mistakenly was provided to Secretary of State Ralph Munro, whose office produced the pamphlet, Yelm Police Chief Glenn Dunnam said. Dunnam helped write the pamphlet's statement opposing the initiative. State law bars using any public office or facility to support or oppose ballot measures. Susan Harris, assistant director of the Public Disclosure Commission, said her office was looking into the matter. Callers to the Yelm police number who ask about Initiative 692 are referred to the Seattle number of Mike Suydam, who is running the campaign to defeat the marijuana initiative. "I know the rules, and I make sure I follow them - unless there is human error, and that is what this is," Dunnam said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Club To Fight Court Ruling (The San Jose Mercury News says the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative vowed Wednesday to fight a federal court ruling that would prevent it from providing medical marijuana to patients in accordance with Proposition 215, pledging an appeal or the possibility of the group breaking up into smaller, independent cells. Another dispensary in Ukiah remains open and US District Court Judge Charles Breyer ruled that the Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana could also remain open until a jury trial.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 15:30:11 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Pot Club To Fight Court Ruling Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Copyright: 1998 Mercury Center Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: E. Mark Moreno with contribution from Rodney Foo POT CLUB TO FIGHT COURT RULING Medicinal Marijuana: Oakland Cooperative Considers Several Options For Remaining Open. The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative vowed Wednesday to fight a federal court ruling that would prevent it from providing medical marijuana, either through an appeal or perhaps by breaking up into smaller, independent groups. In his Tuesday ruling, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer rejected the club's arguments that the federal government's ban on medical marijuana violates patients' constitutional rights to relieve pain. His ruling allows federal marshals to close the 2,200-member club by 5 p.m. Friday. But at a news conference Wednesday, club attorney Robert Raich said he intended to file a motion with Breyer to extend the deadline or modify it to allow the cooperative to remain open. If the judge refuses or does not respond by today, Raich said, he will seek a temporary stay of the order from the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. If a stay is granted, club officials -- who had sought a jury trial on the matter -- will then file an appeal with the 9th Circuit. Raich also said the club could break into smaller groups operating outside the cooperative, ``little pieces too small for the government or anyone else to stop.'' If the stay is not granted, executive director Jeff Jones said, he does not know what the club will end up doing. He listed three options: close the club, wait for federal marshals to close it or organize members into smaller groups outside the cooperative. Club members said whatever happens with the cooperative, they will still provide seminars on how to grow marijuana for medicinal purposes. If the cooperative closes, Oakland City Councilman Nate Miley said Wednesday, he will ask the city to declare a state of emergency and examine whether the city ``has to take up this role'' as a dispenser of medical marijuana. City officials have been behind the operation ever since its founding two years ago. The U.S. government filed civil lawsuits in January against six Northern California buyers clubs that provided medicinal marijuana. This came despite the passage in 1996 of state Proposition 215, which legalized the medicinal use of pot. The Justice Department contended that federal law banning marijuana distribution overrides the California law. The outcome in California could have nationwide impact. Similar initiatives are on the ballots of six other states in the November elections. Three clubs -- in San Francisco, Santa Cruz and San Jose -- have been shut down. The Santa Clara County Medical Cannabis Center closed after San Jose police raided its office in March. Co-founder Peter Baez was charged with five counts of illegally selling marijuana and one count each of maintaining a drug house and grand theft. No trial date has been set for Baez, who has pleaded not guilty, Deputy District Attorney Rob Baker said. A club in Ukiah remains open. Another cooperative, the Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana, was granted the right to a jury trial because evidence of sales there after the injunction came down was insufficient. On Tuesday, Breyer ruled that the Marin club could remain open until an upcoming trial. However, Breyer denied the Oakland cooperative the chance to seek a jury trial, which club members had wanted. The judge recognized the ``human suffering'' a shutdown would cause but said that ``federal law prohibits the distribution of marijuana to seriously ill persons for their personal medical use.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judge Orders Cannabis Club Closed (The Chicago Tribune version says federal judge Charles Breyer for some reason claimed that closing the Oakland co-op would not cause imminent harm or death to patients - patently false in many cases.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 19:09:55 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Orders Cannabis Club Closed Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young Pubdate: 15 Oct, 1998 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Copyright: 1998 Chicago Tribune Company Author: V. Dion Haynes JUDGE ORDERS CANNABIS CLUB CLOSED LOS ANGELES -- A federal judge has ordered marshals to shutter a cannabis buyers club in Oakland on Friday, two months after the Oakland City Council took the controversial step of making the medical marijuana distributor an official government agency. In his Tuesday night ruling, U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer rejected arguments from lawyers representing the 2,000-member Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative that the federal government's ban on medical marijuana violates patients' constitutional rights to relieve excruciating pain. Breyer acknowledged that closing the club would increase suffering, but he ruled that the action would not cause imminent harm or death to the patients. Club officials, who sought a jury trial on the matter, said they plan to appeal the decision. The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative was among six such clubs in northern California that had been sued by the U.S. Justice Department for violating federal marijuana distribution laws. Breyer ruled that another club, Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana in Fairfax, could remain open until a jury in an upcoming trial settles the narrow issue of whether it dispensed marijuana the day a federal agent conducted surveillance of it. A third cannabis club, in Ukiah, has remained open and three others have closed. California voters approved in November 1996 a statewide ballot measure that allowed seriously ill patients to grow and smoke medical marijuana under certain circumstances. But that measure is in direct conflict with federal law. The Justice Department and California Atty. Gen. Dan Lungren, the Republican nominee for governor, have battled to close the clubs. In August, the Oakland City Council approved a measure making the club an "agent of the city," attempting to use a clause in the Federal Controlled Substances Act that shields from federal prosecution undercover agents who sell drugs in their official capacity with the police. Oakland officials on Wednesday said they plan to stage a protest of the judge's ruling at the club's office Friday. "I'm angry and depressed," said Joe DeVries, an aide to Oakland Councilman Nate Miley. "The federal government says that marijuana has no medical benefit, but I'd like them to talk to a 70-year-old chemotherapy patient who says marijuana saved his life, or AIDS patients who would tell them that marijuana is the only thing that will bring back their appetite," DeVries said. Robert Raich, a lawyer for the Oakland cannabis club, said: "We're disappointed with the ruling. . . . We're concerned that this will cause a public health and safety problem for these patients, who will have to go to the streets to get their marijuana." Under Lungren's interpretation of the state law, seriously ill patients could grow and smoke the medical marijuana only with a doctor's recommendation. If the patients were unable to grow it on their own, Lungren said, they could obtain it from a "primary care giver," such as a doctor, nurse or relative. The cannabis clubs contended they were primary care givers and therefore acting within the law.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Orders California Marijuana Club Closed (The Reuters version in The Washington Post) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 00:42:05 -0600 (MDT) From: Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis (email@example.com) To: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Judge Orders Closure of Oakland Cannabis Cooperative U.S. Orders California Marijuana Club Closed Reuters Thursday, October 15, 1998; Page A09 OAKLAND, Calif., Oct. 14 -- The end may be near for California's embattled medical marijuana movement. In a surprise injunction, a federal judge on Tuesday ordered the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative to close by Friday for violating federal narcotics laws. Two other clubs still struggling to distribute the drug under the terms of California's 1996 state law that legalized medical marijuana use are under similar pressure. In a news conference today, Oakland city officials and patients of the cooperative said U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer's decision against the club would have a devastating effect. "Closing the cooperative will force patients with AIDS, cancer and other debilitating diseases to turn to street dealers for the medicine they need," said Oakland City Council member Nate Miley. Breyer, while noting that closing the club would likely cause "human suffering," said club lawyers had failed to demonstrate that enforcing a federal ban on marijuana distribution would violate the constitutional right of sick people to relieve pain -- a cornerstone of the medical marijuana movement's legal strategy. Lawyers for the club said they would appeal. Ten of the original 13 clubs have closed under federal pressure. (c) Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company *** Call the President & Congress to protest on behalf of Oakland's patients: President (202) 456-1111 Senate (202) 224-3121 House (202) 225-3121 *** EMAIL THE WHITE HOUSE: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com *** Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative Web: http://www.rxcbc.org *** Distributed by: Colorado Citizens for Compassionate Cannabis P.O. Box 729 Nederland, CO 80466 Phone: (303) 448-5640 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.levellers.org/cannabis.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- Closure of Cannabis Club Ordered (The Los Angeles Times version) Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 15:35:51 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Closure of Cannabis Club Ordered Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Fax: 213-237-4712 Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 Copyright: 1998 Los Angeles Times. Author: Mary Curtius, Times Staff Writer CLOSURE OF CANNABIS CLUB ORDERED Judge tells U.S. marshals to shut down Oakland cooperative, the largest remaining in the state. Medical marijuana supporters say they will appeal. SAN FRANCISCO--A federal judge has authorized U.S. marshals to close the state's largest still-functioning cannabis club Friday evening. Club operators said they will appeal the ruling. U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer rejected the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative's argument that for some people, marijuana is an irreplaceable drug that relieves their pain and even saves their lives. In a ruling issued Tuesday evening, Breyer found the club in contempt of his May ruling that six Northern California clubs must close because their sale of marijuana violates federal drug laws. The Oakland cooperative and another, much smaller club in Marin County had defied Breyer's ruling and continued to sell marijuana. The judge spared the Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana on Tuesday from immediate closure. Instead, he said he will allow a jury trial on the narrow question of whether the Marin club actually distributed marijuana on the day that it was under a federal agent's surveillance. But the judge offered no such reprieve to the Oakland club, despite its strong backing from the Oakland City Council. In August, the council tried to protect the Cannabis Buyers Cooperative by naming the club's operators "officers" of the city. The move made Oakland the first city in the nation to become directly involved in distributing medical marijuana. In an earlier ruling, Breyer rejected the city's reasoning. The club, which has 2,000 members, was open for business Wednesday in downtown Oakland. Jeff Jones, the executive director, held a news conference on the steps of City Hall to denounce Breyer's ruling. "We've gotten a lot of frantic patients calling us and a lot coming in from great distances to get their medicine because they know we might not be open by the weekend," Jones said in a telephone interview. "Patients are very scared that they are going to have to go back on the streets." The club was allowing patients to stock up Wednesday, according to Jones. "We have a normal limit of one-quarter ounce per day, but we are allowing people with a statement of need from a physician to alter that today to an ounce a day," he said. The Justice Department's reaction to Breyer's ruling was subdued Wednesday. "I can't say much, except that we were gratified that the judge ruled as he did," said spokesman Gregory King. "We expect to enforce the court's order. We have said in the past that the federal government was taking a measured approach to ensure that federal law continued to be enforced. We feel that that is what we tried to do and that is what is being done." Cannabis clubs sprang up across the state after California voters approved Proposition 215, the November 1996 initiative allowing patients with a doctor's recommendation to grow and use marijuana for a variety of illnesses, including AIDs and cancer. At one point, as many as 28 clubs were functioning openly, selling marijuana to thousands of people. Most of the clubs have since closed. Atty. Gen. Dan Lungren won a ruling from a state appellate court that Proposition 215 did not legalize medical marijuana clubs. Lungren closed the largest club, Denis Peron's San Francisco Cannabis Buyers Club, earlier this year. The club said it was serving 8,000 people. Other clubs--including ones in San Jose and in Orange County--closed after their operators were arrested on suspicion of illegally selling or possessing marijuana. If the Oakland cooperative is closed Friday, the largest remaining club in the state will be the Los Angeles Cannabis Resource Center in West Hollywood, with 521 members. The center was not a target of the federal action against the Northern California clubs. "I hate that idea that we are the biggest one in the state now," said Scott Imler, director of the West Hollywood club. "I feel sad for the whole medical marijuana movement," he said. "It is going to be two years ago this election day that Proposition 215 passed. One year ago, there were 28 community-based groups that had small to large medical marijuana programs. Now, there are three of us left. The movement is in chaos." In a friend-of-the-court brief to Breyer on behalf of the club this summer, the city of Oakland argued that under the federal Controlled Substances Act, city officers enforcing local drug ordinances are immune from prosecution for possessing, buying and selling illegal drugs in the course of their work. Breyer rejected that argument in an Aug. 31 hearing, describing the city's argument as "creative, but not persuasive." However, at the time he refused the Justice Department's demand that the clubs be immediately found in contempt of court and closed. Instead, Breyer took under submission the clubs' request for a jury trial on the question of whether they could operate under a "medical necessity" finding. Defense attorney James Brosnahan, representing the Oakland club, argued at the hearing that medicinal marijuana is an irreplaceable drug for some patients. In his latest order, Breyer rejected that defense. The judge ruled that there was no evidence that imminent harm would befall patients denied medical marijuana. "Even though our members testified that medical cannabis has actually saved their lives, they didn't say they would die tomorrow without medical cannabis," said Robert Raich, attorney for the Oakland club. "As a result, over 2,000 patients may lose their access to a necessary and lifesaving medicine."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judge Grants Medical Pot Club Three-Day Reprieve (The Oakland Tribune notes that just hours before US Marshals were to come knocking Friday, US District Court Judge Charles Breyer granted a stay that allows the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative to stay open until 5 pm Monday, giving attorneys time to appeal the case to the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Several patients, in declarations to the court, have stated that cutting off their marijuana supply would be a "death sentence.") Date: Sun, 18 Oct 1998 07:39:20 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Grants Medical Pot Club Three-Day Reprieve Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff Pubdate: Oct 15, 1998 Source: Oakland Tribune (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Kathleen Krikwood JUDGE GRANTS MEDICAL POT CLUB THREE-DAY REPRIEVE Co-Op Has Until 5 P.M. Monday To Keep Doors Open To Members OAKLAND - Just hours before U.S. Marshals were to come knocking Friday, a federal judge granted Oakland's embattled medical marijuana club a three-day reprieve from a court-ordered shutdown. U.S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer granted a stay that allows the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative to stay open until 5 p.m. Monday, giving attorneys time to appeal the case to the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Breyer had ordered the club closed at 5 p.m. Friday, for violating this previous order to stop distributing marijuana. Club attorneys submitted an appeal and Breyer gave the club a brief stay. Cooperative staff had been preparing to close down and leave peacefully early Friday afternoon, to be out of the way when marshals arrived to inventory marijuana supplies and padlock the doors. "I'm delighted," said Jeff Jones, the cooperative's executive director, shortly after the stay was granted. " feel (Breyer) is giving the alternative to pursue our case in court." The low-key club on Broadway in downtown Oakland is the largest such dispensary in the state, and was opened after the passage of California's medical marijuana initiative, Proposition 215. About 2,200 members, suffering from illnesses and physical disabilities, obtain marijuana there in the form of starter plants, dried bulk form or baked into cookies or brownies. Despite efforts to keep a low profile, the Oakland club has been thrust into the limelight because it has remained open while other facilities, such as the San Francisco Cannabis Club, have been shuttered after intensive efforts by state Attorney General Dan Lungren. Following on the heels of Breyer's temporary stay of a shutdown order, attorneys for the club quickly filed an appeal with the higher court. Attorneys from the U.S. Justice Department sought an injunction in January to close the club, arguing it is a violation of federal law to distribute marijuana, defined as an illegal controlled substance in the same category as heroin or cocaine. But attorney Robert Raich, representing the club, said Breyer had misinterpreted federal law when he issued the shutdown order earlier Tuesday. "We feel the judge missed some important facts and misapplied the law," Raich said. The club, Raich argues, is not in violation of federal controlled substances acts and imminent harm will come to patients if they are not able to obtain marijuana. "It is not at all an exaggeration that people would die as a result of this," Raich said. Several patients, in declarations to the court, have stated that cutting off their marijuana supply would be a "death sentence."
------------------------------------------------------------------- California voters guide enhanced (A bulletin from DrugSense points you to the California NORML web site highlighting candidates' positions on cannabis-related issues.) Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 12:06:07 -0700 To: "email@example.com" (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DPFCA: The CA voters guide enhanced Cc: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Matt Elrod did a real nice job of enhancing the California voters guide that CA-NORML and Dale G. put together. Very nice work by all. The enhanced edition gives you color coded "at a glance" evaluation of any candidate as it relates to drug policy issues. All CA residents should be sure to review this page before voting. http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/elect2.htm A long term objective of creating a nationwide version of such a page is worth considering probably next election though. DISCLAIMER The text of this page does not necessarily reflect the views of DrugSense, its board, staff, or members. Mark Greer DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug court clerk under investigation in Nevada (The Las Vegas Sun says Janice Hampton, a clerk for a local drug court, was placed on administrative leave after $34,460 assessed against drug offenders turned up missing.) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: drug court clerk is being investigated in NV Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 20:56:14 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Las Vegas SUN Pubdate: October 15, 1998 Online: http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/text/1998/oct/15/507873296.html Las Vegas news briefs DRUG COURT -- A drug court clerk is being investigated in connection with $34,460 in missing fees that were assessed against drug offenders. Janice Hampton, a clerk in District Judge Jack Lehman's Drug Court, has been placed on administrative leave with pay while charges are being investigated. Hampton was a cashier and clerk in the court and was responsible for giving first-time, nonviolent offenders receipts for their payments. She also entered the transactions in a computer. County Clerk Loretta Bowman became suspicious when a client asked for a refund and the money couldn't be found in the computer. Drug court offers offenders the chance to have felony charges dropped in return for completing a year-long drug treatment program. Those in the program pay from $5 to $30 a week. A county audit showed that there were 719 instances between July 1996 and November 1997 when money was not entered into the computer. Hampton became a deputy county clerk in December 1995.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Community Activist Runs From Law Into Folk-Hero Status (The Los Angeles Times says virtually no one in Crested Butte, Colorado, the mountain hamlet where fugitive one-time cocaine trafficker Neil Murdoch spent the past 25 years, will help authorities track him down. Instead, they honor him with awards and parades.)Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 22:14:16 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CO: Community Activist Runs From Law Into Folk-Hero Status Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Pubdate: 15 October 1998 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved Author: BARRY SIEGEL, Times Staff Writer JUSTICE COMMUNITY ACTIVIST RUNS FROM LAW INTO FOLK-HERO STATUS U.S. marshals nearly caught up with Neil Murdoch, wanted for 25 years on a drug charge. His impact on town he fled has many hoping he remains free. It's been half a year since Neil Murdoch--with U.S. marshals belatedly in pursuit--pedaled off into the remote Four Corners region of the American Southwest. That the scraggly-haired 58-year-old remains a fugitive only fuels his status as a folk hero, at least among certain circles in Colorado. Virtually no one in Crested Butte, the mountain hamlet where Murdoch spent the past 25 years, will help authorities track him down. Instead they honor him with awards and parades. Murdoch's story, after all, is one of redemption and transformation, mixed with a funky brand of eccentric '60s iconoclasm. His transgression--jumping bail in 1973 after being arrested for intent to distribute 26 pounds of cocaine--happened long ago, and he's since carved a much-appreciated niche for himself as a community activist passionate about everything from child care to the theater. "Murdoch did a lot for this community," declared Crested Butte's former mayor after the U.S. marshals came to town. "He's already paid for what he did in ways none of us could ever guess. If someone wants a manhunt, I won't help them." Nonetheless, an active manhunt continues. Deprived of clues by the citizens of Crested Butte, Murdoch's pursuers instead look to him for help. "He left a history," explains Larry Homenick, chief deputy in the Denver office of the U.S. Marshals Service. "We start working through the life he left behind. To catch him, we try to re-create his life. We try to capture the essence of him." Murdoch fit in at 'Throwback Village' When Murdoch arrived in Crested Butte in 1974, he took a job in a lapis mine five miles south of town and lived in a tent nearby, but this didn't attract much attention. Back then, Crested Butte, some 250 miles southwest of Denver, was a typical "throwback" village of about 800, full of dropouts and mavericks. A "little hippie town with a few leftover miners and no law, up at the end of a dirt road," is how one citizen described it to reporters. "Murdoch fit right in." He moved from his tent to town that first winter, sharing a rental home with a roommate, and opened a bike shop in the back of the house. Soon he was tinkering with old Schwinn frames, putting fat knobby tires on them so they could be pedaled through Crested Butte's muddy roads. The notion caught on; customers started buying. In time thousands were riding a rocky 40-mile trail to Aspen in Murdoch's annual Fat-Tire Bike Week Festival. If he wasn't the "father of mountain biking," as some now claim, he was certainly a pioneer. Other businesses followed--a health food store, stage props, designer diapers--Murdoch selling each as it grew and moving on. He bought a home; he registered to vote; he acquired a wide circle of friends. He became an outspoken activist at town meetings, often campaigning for the arts. He organized children's activities and helped out at a day-care center. He volunteered at the Crested Butte Mountain Theater, designing sets and props. One year he turned up at New Year's Eve parties wearing nothing but a diaper. He had chronic insomnia. He loved Chuck Berry, abhorred recycling, had no serious girlfriends. His bent for volunteering often left him short of cash. He was, as a result, always taking part-time jobs. It was that last habit that led to his discovery. Applying for paying jobs at Mountain Earth Whole Foods and CB Printing last spring, he provided a Social Security number that belonged to a Pennsylvania man, who complained to authorities. On April 28, a Social Security agent showed up at Mountain Earth while Murdoch was working behind the counter. There must have been some kind of mix-up, Murdoch told the agent. Given Murdoch's reputation in town, the agent could only agree. He took Murdoch's fingerprints and picture, but let him go, assuming they'd made a mistake. Murdoch didn't wait for authorities to learn otherwise. Two days later, on the evening of April 30, he packed a bag and walked out of his house, leaving the front door unlocked, a computer monitor flickering. A woman friend drove him southwest through the Rockies to the Four Corners region where Colorado touches New Mexico, Arizona and Utah. In that rugged high desert surrounded by mountains, Murdoch pedaled off on his bike, pulling a small trailer. "Don't watch which way I go," he told his friend. "That way, you won't know, and you won't have to tell." He Had Served Time on Drug Charge Crested Butte responded with much surprise but little disfavor to the news that Neil Murdoch was actually Richard Gordon Bannister, who'd served three years in the late '60s in Pennsylvania for transporting marijuana before jumping bail in New Mexico in 1973. More than a few citizens suggested Murdoch had redeemed himself with 25 years of community service. Some thought that authorities surely had bigger criminals to pursue. Typical was what Jeff Neuman, a co-worker at CB Printing, told reporters: "In a small town like Creste Butte, we take people for who they are. We don't hold their past against them. People feel they've lost a valuable member of the community. We're grieving." In truth, they weren't just grieving. Folks in Crested Butte--now a growing ski town of 1,500--were also having some fun. Days after Murdoch fled, the town threw a party in his honor. Soon after, "Help Murdoch" collection cans started showing up at Crested Butte businesses. Eventually, supporters sold 2,000 "Free Murdoch" stickers, which became ubiquitous on everything in town from bikes and cars to restaurant windows. On the Fourth of July, City Council members donned Murdoch masks and marched in a parade, pursued by someone wearing an FBI hat. Officials at the Crested Butte Mountain Theater presented Murdoch in absentia a Golden Marmot award for best acting. "He did a great job of acting for 25 years," a theater director explained. Needless to say, none of this has gone over very well among Murdoch's pursuers at the Denver office of the U.S. Marshals Service. It's galling enough simply as a matter of public relations: "The legend of this man is growing fast," Deputy Marshal Ken Deal complained to reporters. "Jeesh, he walks on water. And we're the bad guys." The practical effect is even more irksome. With no one in Crested Butte willing to cooperate, the marshals are left scratching for clues. "We're extremely frustrated," chief deputy marshal Homenick said recently. "Obviously people know lots about him, but we're unable to extract anything." So instead they pick through credit card receipts, examine odd habits, search out childhood friends. If not his essence, they at least hope to find a faint trail. They know Murdoch was considered somewhat eccentric. They know he is not a menace. They know he is well-liked, a man people seem to enjoy. They know he'll likely fit in wherever he goes. They know he won't likely arouse suspicions. Homenick believes he knows something else as well: That Murdoch is a man well worth the hunt. The chief deputy marshal--who keeps a Hemingway quote on his wall that begins "There is no hunting like the hunting of man"--can't see why so many would absolve Murdoch. "This wasn't just a case of personal cocaine use," he reminds. "In the early 1970s, 26 pounds wasn't a little amount. This was a major distribution ring. He would have been put away in prison for many years." True enough. In telling the story of Murdoch and Crested Butte, it's both easy and tempting to glorify a man who was, after all, a drug smuggler. Yet when Homenick says: "I think we'll ultimately capture this fugitive," it's also easy to hope that he doesn't. Who could not wish Murdoch Godspeed as he pedals alone through the desert, searching for
------------------------------------------------------------------- Teacher Charged With Possession (The San Antonio Express-News says campus police arrested a 7th-grade English teacher a Heritage Middle School after they found a marijuana cigarette in his truck during a "routine" canine drug and weapons search. "He's doing an excellent job in the classroom," said Dan Lyttle's superintendent.) Date: Sat, 17 Oct 1998 00:47:37 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: Teacher Charged With Possession Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 Source: San Antonio Express-News (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.expressnews.com/ Copyright: 1998 San Antonio Express-News Author: Lucy Hood, Express-News Staff Writer TEACHER CHARGED WITH POSSESSION Campus police arrested a Heritage Middle School teacher after finding what they say was a marijuana cigarette in his truck while it was parked on campus. Dan Lyttle, 35, was arrested last Friday on a misdemeanor charge of possession of marijuana, according to court records. He was released on a $400 bond and is scheduled to be arraigned Nov. 2. The school district has suspended him with pay while the case is under investigation. An offense report said East Central police conducted a routine canine drug and weapons search. An officer noticed the cigarette in the ashtray of a white Ford Ranger. A field test showed the cigarette tested positive for marijuana, the report said. The truck, which was impounded, belongs to Lyttle, who is in his second year as a seventh-grade English teacher at Heritage. In a brief phone conversation, Lyttle said he had been teaching for seven years, but declined to comment about his arrest. East Central Superintendent Anthony Constanzo praised Lyttle's teaching abilities. "He's doing an excellent job in the classroom," Constanzo said. Thursday, Oct 15, 1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- ICLU files suit to halt police roadblocks (The Associated Press says the Indiana Civil Liberties Union will try to bring a halt to the Indianapolis Police Department's practice of setting up random anti-drug roadblocks.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 19:15:05 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IN: Wire: ICLU files suit to halt police roadblocks Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (aslinn) Pubdate: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 Source: Associated Press ICLU FILES SUIT TO HALT POLICE ROADBLOCKS Staff Report Indianapolis Star/News INDIANAPOLIS (Wed, Oct 14, 1998) -- The Indiana Civil Liberties Union today filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court against the Indianapolis Police Department seeking to stop police from setting up anti-drug roadblocks. John Krull, executive director of the ICLU, said the lawsuit asked the court to issue an injunction preventing the roadblocks. Krull said "there is a constitutional way to do roadblocks, but I don't think IPD and city have found that way." He pointed out court decisions have ruled that you cannot use subjective standards, such as stopping only young black males, in the roadblocks. Krull also said courts have ruled that roadblock cannot create traffic hazards or unnecessary delays. The roadblocks violated the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which limits searches and seizures by police, he said. Police Chief Michael Zunk has said the Police Department had worked to keep the stops from violating drivers' constitutional rights. Zunk and Mayor Stephen Goldsmith said they were pleased with the results of the roadblocks, and the department was planning to stage more anti-drug stops. To act against trafficking in street drugs, police in August set up roadblocks for the first time to search vehicles. Most traffic kept flowing during the roadblocks, but small groups of drivers, from three to six at a time, were stopped by police, asked for their identification and then asked if they were carrying drugs or guns. During the stops, police dogs trained to detect drugs sniffed around the stopped vehicles, and if they indicated they smelled drugs, police checked the vehicles. In Fort Wayne, Mayor Paul Helmke ordered police to stop such roadblocks because he was concerned about their constituionality. Leaders of the Fort Wayne NAACP had called the city police department's plan to use roadblocks to check cars for drugs unconstitutional and an embarrassment to innocent citizens.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana seizure totals nearly $1.8 million (The Kalamazoo Gazette says sheriff's deputies in Van Buren County, Michigan, burned 1,780 marijuana plants discovered in a rural section of Bangor Township Wednesday, sending approximately $1.8 million of the leafy herb up in smoke. Anyone with information about suspicious or drug-related activity can call 616-657-3101 . . . .) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Marijuana seizure totals nearly $1.8 million Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 20:55:14 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: The Kalamazoo Gazette Pubdate: Thursday, October 15, 1998 Online: http://kz.mlive.com/news/index.ssf?/news/stories/drugbu$01.frm Writer: Mark Fisk Marijuana seizure totals nearly $1.8 million BANGOR - Van Buren County sheriff's deputies burned 1,780 marijuana plants discovered in a rural section of Bangor Township Wednesday, sending approximately $1.8 million of the green leafy drug up in smoke. "We destroyed the plants all last night," said Detective Bryan Stump. "We get a hot fire going and stand upwind." Acting on a tip from hunters scouting a rural, wooded area, police searched a stretch of cleared forest in the 68000 block of 38th Avenue at 5 p.m., Stump said. "It's right out in the middle of the country," Stump said. "It's farmland. It was in a wooded area with high weeds. It appeared somebody had come out and chain-sawed trees and cleared a secton of the forest. "That number of plants was one of the biggest (busts) in the last couple years. A month or so ago near the western part of Bangor we found 50 or 60 plants 12 feet tall and those were some of the best I've ever seen." Stump said no suspects have been identified, but the road patrol has been made aware of the marijuana activity. The value of comparable marijuana plants from Wednesday's bust is estimated at $1,000 per plant, Stump said. The plants ranged from 3 to 9 feet in height, Stump said. Anyone with information about suspicious or drug-related activity can call (616) 657-3101.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 1998 NORML Crop Report (The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws for the first time in many years updates its estimated value of marijuana cultivated in the United States, and finds it remains the fourth largest cash crop despite approximately $10 billion wasted annually to enforce prohibition. Only corn, soybeans, and hay rank as more profitable cash crops to American farmers. Cultivators grew $15.1 billion worth of cannabis in 1997, worth $25.2 billion on the retail market - if you go by the estimated retail value or accept the DEA's estimated weight of one pound per plant, cannabis would be the No. 1 crop throughout America instead of just in Alabama, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. More than 98 percent of all the marijuana eradicated by law enforcement is non-psychoactive ditchweed.)From: RKSTROUP@aol.com Date: Wed, 14 Oct 1998 15:54:53 EDT To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Subject: 1998 NORML Crop Report Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com A NORML Foundation Special Report 1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 710 Washington, DC 20036 202-483-8751 (p) 202-483-0057 (f) Embargoed For Release on Thursday, October 15, 1998 Marijuana Ranks Fourth Largest Cash Crop In America Despite Prohibition October 15, 1998, Washington, D.C.: Marijuana remains the fourth largest cash crop in America despite law enforcement spending approximately $10 billion annually to enforce prohibition, a new report from The NORML Foundation concluded today. Nationally, only corn, soybeans, and hay rank as more profitable cash crops to American farmers. "These findings clearly illustrate the failure and futility of marijuana prohibition," charged Allen St. Pierre, executive director of The NORML Foundation. "Marijuana should be legally controlled like any other legitimate cash crop." The report, entitled "1998 Marijuana Crop Report: An Evaluation of Marijuana Production, Value, and Eradication Efforts in the United States," estimates that farmers harvested 8.7 million marijuana plants in 1997 worth $15.1 billion dollars to growers and $25.2 billion on the retail market. The report used marijuana's wholesale value to compare it to other cash crops. "Had the author's calculated marijuana's total value to growers by street market prices, marijuana would decidedly rank as America's number one cash crop," St. Pierre said. Marijuana stands as the largest revenue producing crop in Alabama, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. It ranks as one of the top five cash crops in 29 others. Increases in state and federal spending since 1980 to reduce marijuana cultivation demonstrated little effect in limiting overall production. The report bases its findings on Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) marijuana eradication statistics, a survey of state police eradication self-appraisals, and published marijuana price reports. Authors calculated marijuana weight and yield estimates based on a conservative ten ounce per plant model. Had the authors accepted the government's one pound per plant standard, 1997's marijuana crop would have been worth $26.3 billion to growers and $43.8 billion on the street. "Marijuana cultivation is here to stay," said St. Pierre. "The question is: Do we continue with current, unsuccessful efforts to sanction growers and users, or do we try to harness this unregulated, multi-billion dollar-a-year industry?" The report also found that law enforcement eradicated over 237 million ditchweed plants in 1997 compared to only four million cultivated marijuana plants. Ditchweed, otherwise known as feral hemp, is nonpsychoactive and has no retail value or market value to farmers. Nevertheless, it comprises more than 98 percent of all the marijuana eradicated annually by law enforcement. "Ditchweed presents no threat to public safety, does not contribute to the black market marijuana trade, and should not be targeted by law enforcement," St. Pierre said. The NORML Foundation is a nonprofit educational, research, and legal foundation that explores alternatives to marijuana prohibition. Its sister organization, The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), published previous marijuana crop reports between 1982 and 1992. Hard copies of the report are available upon request from The NORML Foundation. An electronic version of the report is available online from the NORML website at: www.norml.org. For more information, please contact either Allen St. Pierre or Paul Armentano of The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751. For specific information on state and national tabulations, please contact Jon Gettman @ (540) 822-9002. - END -
------------------------------------------------------------------- Big mystery - What causes addiction? Drunks beget drunkards, Plutarch noted, but is it destiny? (MSNBC examines what little science knows so far about why some of us are prone to addiction and others aren't. Generally, a predisposition to abuse one drug applies to almost all other drugs. But no addiction gene has ever been identified, and, even among men who carry a hereditary load, predisposing physical factors don't doom them to a sodden or chemically dependent lifestyle. There's no such thing as a pre-addictive personality, experts say. Some people, particularly those addicted to opiates, may have deficiencies in their brain reward systems. Other drug users gravitate toward their "drug of choice" to "self-medicate." Heroin, for instance, is remarkably effective at "normalizing" people who suffer from delusions and hallucinations - mostly schizophrenics. Cocaine can quickly lift a depression, or enable a person with attention-deficit disorder to become better organized and focused.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: Big mystery: What causes addiction? Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 19:35:47 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: MSNBC Online: http://www.msnbc.com:80/news/205650.asp Big mystery: What causes addiction? Drunks beget drunkards, Plutarch noted, but is it destiny? By Michael Segell. NBC's Robert Bazell contributed to this report. Oct. 15 - Drunks beget drunkards, Plutarch noticed, summarizing what has been observed anecdotally for at least a couple of millennia. But why are some of us prone to addiction - be it alcohol, drugs or food - and others aren't? Cocaine does not just make users feel euphoric, but it simultaneously releases brain chemicals related to fear and stress - bad feelings that linger after the euphoria fades. - DR. GEORGE KOOB Scripps Research Institute THOUGH THE exact mechanisms haven't been identified, experts in alcoholism widely agree that some people are genetically vulnerable to developing the disorder. Sons of alcoholic fathers, for instance, are at three to four times the risk of abusing the drug. Generally, a predisposition to abuse one drug applies to almost all other drugs. Alcoholism, for instance, may be present in as many as three-fourths of cocaine addicts. Still, no gene has ever been identified, and, even among men who carry a hereditary load, predisposing physical factors don't doom them to a sodden or chemically dependent lifestyle. There's no such thing as a pre-addictive personality, experts say. So why do some people become addicted? Addictionologists have theorized that some people, particularly those addicted to opiates, may have deficiencies in their brain reward systems - fewer natural opiates circulating, for instance, or fewer receptor sites. In addicts, the question eventually becomes moot, for years of abuse desensitizes their receptors, and they end up with altered pleasure thresholds. Other drug users gravitate toward their "drug of choice" to "self-medicate." Heroin, for instance, is remarkably effective at "normalizing" people who suffer from delusions and hallucinations (mostly schizophrenics). Cocaine can quickly lift a depression, or enable a person with attention-deficit disorder to become better organized and focused. For these people, addiction is a troubling side effect to their adaptive attempts to relieve their own suffering. WHAT DO THE SHRINKS SAY? According to psychiatrists who have studied psychodynamic causes of drug addiction, the motivation to use psychoactive substances can often be traced to critical passages early in life. Says Edward J. Khantzian, a Harvard psychiatrist and author of the "self-medicating" hypothesis of drug addiction, many substance-dependent people who make it into therapy show a profound inability to calm and soothe themselves when stressed. The ability to self-regulate mood - to maintain psychic homeostasis - is a task learned between the ages of 1 and 3, when a toddler normally internalizes such a function from caring parents. Mothers, and no doubt many fathers, of frequent drug users have been described as "relatively cold, unresponsive and underprotective." Regarding their children's accomplishments, they send a very mixed message: They're pressuring and overly interested in their children's performance, yet rarely offer them encouragement. Eating disorders, which are considered addictions and primarily affect women, offer a clear illustration of the self-regulation mechanism gone haywire. If the inability to soothe oneself is due to a distant or rejecting parent, compulsive eating is an attempt to make up for the loss, to construct a substitute attachment to a nurturing parent, with a primitive form of self-medication - food - one of the few things (in addition to love) that can calm a distressed child. According to Robert B. Millman, a renowned addiction expert at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical School, locus of control is another influential factor in addiction vulnerability. "Addicts tend to believe that they are not the masters of their own fate, that control lies outside of them," he says. Narcissists are also well represented within drug-addicted populations: their self-absorption is so profound they don't understand that the world outside them, which includes drugs, is real - and dangerous. Risk-takers are also vulnerable. "But there's no way to tell which adrenaline junkie will get hooked on bungee jumping, venture capitalization or heroin," says Millman. KEEPING UP WITH THE JONES While positive reinforcement - pleasure, getting high - entices a person to use a drug again after experimenting with it, continued use is often a function of so-called negative reinforcement. Tobacco smokers and opiate users experience this the most: Their motivation to use the drug is not to experience pleasure, but to relieve uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Drug use is also often thought of as an escape - but becomes so in ways the abuser hadn't planned on. Just as a compulsive gambler's hyper-involvement in the betting process blocks out his personal problems, an addict's pursuit of his drug becomes so monomaniacal that everything else, including the psychological pain that drove him to the drug, is forgotten. ENTER FEAR AND STRESS Dr. George Koob of the Scripps Research Institute has a surprising new finding, cocaine does not just make users feel euphoric, but it simultaneously releases brain chemicals related to fear and stress - bad feelings that linger after the euphoria fades. "The only way to treat the bad feelings," explains Koob, "Is to take the drug that makes you feel good again. But this becomes a vicious cycle." Even worse, changes in their brain make addicts crave drugs long after they have stopped using them. Dr. Anna Rose Childress, of the University of Pennsylvania, says the craving response can be triggered easily - even by watching films. "And the person is then again vulernable," says Childres, "And that kind of vulernability is probably as long as the person's memory." Researchers are still trying to figure out why some people undergo these brain changes and become addicted while others do not. The ultimate goal: to develop medicine to control the craving. While there are still many unknowns, scientists believe they're making progress. "The biological knowledge is going to give us an edge that we simply couldn't have had before now," says Childress, "And that is very exciting."
------------------------------------------------------------------- FCC to propose resolving digital wiretap debate (Reuters says the Federal Communications Commission next week will propose requiring telephone companies to make a series of changes to give law enforcement agencies additional wiretapping capabilities.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 09:08:20 -0400 From: Scott Dykstra (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: email@example.com To: "firstname.lastname@example.org" (email@example.com) Subject: CanPat - Telephone Companies Helping with Phone Tap Capabilities (NICE AIN'T IT?) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org 03:52 PM ET 10/15/98 FCC to propose resolving digital wiretap debate By Aaron Pressman WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Federal Communications Commission next week will propose requiring telephone companies to make a series of changes to give law enforcement agencies additional wiretapping capabilities, people familiar with the plan said Thursday. The proposal, which will only be issued for comment and could be changed, seeks to resolve the long-running dispute between the telephone industry, privacy advocates and the FBI over terms of the 1994 Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act. The law was intended to preserve the FBI's ability to conduct wiretaps as telephone carriers introduced new digital technology making traditional alligator clip-and-wire approaches obsolete. But the law also sought to maintain the existing limits on wiretapping authority that protect the privacy of ordinary citizens. Much to the chagrin of privacy groups, the FCC's preliminary proposal would require wireless telephone carriers to turn over to law enforcers the location of a mobile phone user at the beginning and end of a tapped call, people familiar with the plan said. ``From a privacy protection perspective, the tracking question is tremendously important,'' said Jim Dempsey, senior staff counsel at the Center for Democracy and Technology, a nonprofit privacy group in Washington. ``Congress never would have passed this legislation if they thought they were turning cell phones into tracking devices,'' added Dempsey, who as a congressional staffer helped draft the law. But, heeding the call of privacy advocates, the FCC proposal will urge further study concerning the way digital calling information is turned over to law enforcers. Under current law, the police must give a judge evidence of probable cause of criminal activity to get permission to tap a call. But to get basic routing information, such as what numbers were called from a particular phone, the police need show only that the information might be relevant to an investigation, a much lower standard. In digital calling networks, however, a call is split up into tiny data packets that contain both the voice transmission and routing and signaling information. An industry proposal last year would have turned over to police entire packets of information, including both the routing data and the actual call itself, when just basic routing information was authorized. The FCC proposal will seek to determine if a more limited method of handing over just routing information would be feasible. The FBI has already rejected as inadequate the industry proposal that included the cell phone location and full packet disclosure provisions. The agency asked the FCC to require carriers to add another nine capabilities, such as the ability to continue listening to a conference call even if the caller being tapped hangs up. The FCC proposal recommends some but not all of the nine items should be added to phone networks, but also asked for further comments on all nine items. The industry fears refitting existing equipment to add those capabilities will cost billions of dollars. Their fears were confirmed in a recent letter from Attorney General Janet Reno and FBI Director Louis Freeh to Congress, dated Oct. 6, and obtained by Reuters, that conceded the costs could reach $2 billion. Industry participants were pleased that the FCC was moving to address the issues, though. ``We have not seen the details yet but we're pleased the FCC is moving forward,'' Jeff Cohen, a spokesman for the Personal Communications Industry Association, said. REUTERS
------------------------------------------------------------------- Government to get $690 million more to stop drug smugglers (The Associated Press says US government spending to stop the inflow of illegal drugs would jump by about $690 million under a compromise announced Thursday that will be included in the 1999 budget bill. Backed by the White House drug czar, General Barry McCaffrey, the legislation would mandate the use of foreign aid as leverage against other countries' drug polices; upgrade prohibition agents' technology and intelligence tools; provide high-tech aircraft and helicopters to Bolivia, Colombia and Peru; increase penalties for methamphetamine offenders; add money to prevention, education and treatment programs that include incentives for businesses to run anti-drug programs; and expresses opposition to proposals to legalize marijuana for medical use.) Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 23:58:30 -0500 From: Margi Crook (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com, cannabis-patriots-L@teleport.com Subject: CanPat - Spending bill Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Government to get $690 million more to stop drug smugglers WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. government spending to stop the inflow of illegal drugs would jump by about $690 million this fiscal year under a compromise announced Thursday. Republican lawmakers immediately pronounced the agreement a major victory for their goal of changing the course of U.S. drug policy. Republicans have long criticized the Clinton administration for what they believe is a lax policy that puts too much emphasis on education and prevention and not enough on enforcement and punishment. An aide to retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the White House's drug policy coordinator, called the compromise a bipartisan achievement in which McCaffrey was intimately involved. McCaffrey has defended current drug policy vigorously, contending money spent on interdiction has increased in recent years and is being spent more efficiently than a decade ago. The compromise, which specifies reductions of illegal drug use and drug-related crime by 50 percent over five years, will be included in the 1999 budget bill. The anti-drug legislation includes provisions that: * Mandates the use of U.S. foreign aid as leverage to urge other countries to keep up anti-drug efforts. * Upgrades some technology and intelligence tools that American law enforcement officers use to intercept illegal drugs. * Provides U.S. aircraft and helicopters to Bolivia, Colombia and Peru to help eradicate drug crops. ``While the administration has fought the Congress tooth and nail over the last few years to prevent the provision of badly needed high performance . . . helicopters to the Colombians, we Republicans have prevailed,'' said Rep. Benjamin Gilman, a Republican from New York. "None too early, I might add, as the heroin crisis in America grows out of control.'' The bill also includes provisions that increase penalties for manufacturing, trafficking or possessing methamphetamines. The measure adds money to prevention, education and treatment programs that include incentives for businesses to run anti-drug programs for their employees. The measure also expresses opposition to proposals to legalize marijuana for medicinal use, saying that it is a dangerous and addictive drug with no proven medical uses.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rights Report Blames Paramilitary Forces in Colombia (The New York Times says a report by Human Rights Watch/Americas catalogs the massacre at Mapiripan, Colombia, in July 1997, and dozens of similar incidents, concluding the ravaging of Mapiripan was unique only in the size of the operation and the logistics involved. Right-wing paramilitary troops arrived on a charter flight at San Jose del Guaviare airport, which shares an airstrip with a US-financed anti-narcotics base. Colombian soldiers usually record the arrivals, but that day they waved the visitors through.) Date: Thu, 15 Oct 1998 22:30:37 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Colombia: Rights Report Blames Paramilitary Forces in Colombia Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul_Bischke@datacard.com (Paul Bischke) Pubdate: 15 October 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 The New York Times Company Author: Diana Jean Schemo RIGHTS REPORT BLAMES PARAMILITARY FORCES IN COLOMBIA VIOLENCE BOGOTA, Colombia -- As gruesome and dependent on army officers' connivance as it was, the ravaging of the town of Mapiripan was unique only in the size of the operation and the logistics involved, a report by a human rights group says. Right-wing paramilitary troops arrived on a charter flight at San Jose del Guaviare airport, which shares an airstrip with a U.S.-financed anti-narcotics base. Colombian soldiers usually record the arrivals, but that day they waved the visitors through, said the report, by Human Rights Watch/Americas. The study catalogs the massacre at Mapiripan, in July 1997, and dozens of other incidents. After having passed several checkpoints unimpeded, the paramilitary forces reached Mapiripan, torturing and killing at least 14 peasants accused of organizing protests against the aerial spraying of drug crops, witnesses told government investigators. Two men were decapitated, their heads kicked like soccer balls down the street, the report says. The body of another was hanged and quartered. A local judge who called the military base and police station at San Jose eight times for help during the five-day siege was ignored. Soon after the action, residents fled, joining 1.2 million refugees from the longest-running guerrilla war in Latin America. The wide-ranging report issued in Bogota says the violence once largely committed by the military has been taken over by right-wing paramilitary forces. But the ties between the two are so close that they may as well be one, the report says. "Although the government and Colombia's military leaders deny that they promote or even tolerate paramilitaries, abundant evidence is consistent and terrifying," said the 222-page report, which was issued here a few days ago. Two civilians and two army officers have been arrested for the massacre, though witnesses said 200 people carried out the attack. The report also details torture, murder and mutilation by the three leftist rebel groups. Like the military and the paramilitary forces, the rebels unilaterally designate civilians as "military objectives," the report said, and commit most kidnappings. Last year the conflict killed 2,183 people, including rebels, soldiers and civilians. The report was issued as the United States kick-starts military aid, which it cut severely in 1994 over human rights concerns, and as a new president, Andres Pastrana, prepares for talks with the rebels. The chief of military forces, Gen. Fernando Tapias, said the military had no policy of violating human rights and that it was committed to prosecuting cases of collusion with paramilitary forces. The human rights report details many examples of army connivance with paramilitary death squads and of top army commanders, including Gen. Manuel Jose Bonett, former chief of the combined armed forces, thwarting investigations. "The army's use and tolerance of paramilitaries has not reduced the overall number of violations recorded in Colombia or their effect," the report said. "Yet it has allowed high-ranking officers to claim that soldiers are directly implicated in fewer abuses than in years past." Bonett did not answer repeated requests for comment. The government says it is trying to stamp out the paramilitary groups. In December 1996 it announced a $1 million reward for the capture of the top paramilitary leader, Carlos Castano, who says he has army protection.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Heroin ship arrives in Sydney, Australia, under guard; Private prison in Shelby, Montana, has a name; three Mexican nationals arraigned in Helena, Montana, after methamphetamine bust (Three items from ninemsn.com lead with an article about a freighter carrying a record 400 kilograms of high-grade heroin docking in Sydney Harbour under heavy guard.) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: 3 - Misc - Drug policy notes Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 20:59:39 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: ninemsn Pubdate: Thurs Oct 15 1998 Online: http://news.ninemsn.com.au/National\19981015_130254_000_1632.htm Heroin ship arrives in Sydney under guard A freighter which carried a record 400 kilograms of high-grade heroin into Australia has docked in Sydney Harbour under heavy guard. The ship, flanked by two customs boats and a Royal Australian Navy frigate, arrived at HMAS Platypus Naval Base at Neutral Bay around 12.30pm. Police say the 18 people arrested during Australia's largest-ever drug haul -- three of them still on board -- will appear in a Sydney Central Local Court tomorrow. Federal police, Customs and the Navy joined forces yesterday to seize the heroin with a street value of $400 million at a beach on the New South Wales mid-north coast. The 18 arrested people include seven Hong Kong Chinese nationals and 11 Indonesians. -- *** Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: MSNBC Online: http://www.msnbc.com/ local/KULR/44497.asp Private prison has a name SHELBY - Corrections Corporation of America has decided on a name for Montana's first private prison. The facility, currently under construction near Shelby, will be called Crossroads Correctional Center. Local officials say they're pleased with the name, noting Shelby itself is somewhat of a crossroads. The town lies at the junctions of rail lines and two federal thoroughfares, U.S. 2 and Interstate 15. The private prison is scheduled to open next September with cells for 500 prison. Future expansions could increase the prison population to 150-hundred. It's expected to employ about 170 people. CCA spokesperson Chris Bell says the prison expects to spend about $2 million a year with area merchants, buying supplies such as soap and towels. The company also has a history of contributing to civic clubs and youth programs. --- *** Illegal aliens being arraigned after drug bust HELENA - Two illegal aliens from Mexico are being arraigned Thursday on felony drug possession charges. Jefferson County officials say Arnuflo Martinez and Arturo Sarrato were pulled over late Sunday night, while driving on Interstate 90 near the Mulligan Canyon exit. After obtaining a search warrant and searching the car, authorities found an estimated $300,000 dollars worth of methamphetamine.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drugs Detective Cleared (The Independent, in Britain, says Flying Squad detective constable Keith Green was cleared Wednesday of breaking into a flat and stealing cannabis resin, but two of his former colleagues are awaiting sentence after admitting they burgled the flat in Silvertown, east London, and stole 80 kilograms of cannabis resin last December.)Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 12:24:29 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Drugs Detective Cleared Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Pubdate: 15 Oct 1998 Source: Independent, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Copyright: Published by Independent Newspapers (UK) Ltd. DRUGS DETECTIVE CLEARED The first officer to stand trial at the Old Bailey since the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, Sir Paul Condon, launched an anti-corruption investigation in his force was cleared yesterday of breaking into a flat and taking part in a plot to supply cannabis resin. But two of his former colleagues are awaiting sentence after admitting earlier that they burgled the flat in Silvertown, east London, and stole 80kg of cannabis resin last December. Outside the court, retired Flying Squad detective constable Keith Green, 41, of Ilford, Essex, said he still believed in the Metropolitan Police and did not want to criticise the force. He had denied aggravated burglary and conspiracy to supply a class B drug. Mr Green had served in Walthamstow, east London, between 1988 and 1993, as had the two former colleagues, the prosecution had told the court. He had retired on grounds of ill health in July 1996. One of the other accused - Kevin Garner - had also retired. The third man, Terence McGuinness, had left the Flying Squad but was stationed in the CID at Limehouse, east London, at the time. Garner, 38, of Brentwood and McGuinness, 40, of Hornchurch, both in Essex, have both admitted burglary and conspiracy as well as other offences and await sentence. They had walked into a trap set by the Complaints Investigation Bureau when they broke into the flat. t Four police officers, a retired detective and a solicitor appeared in court yesterday to face charges relating to the theft of the proceeds of an armed robbery. The five officers were serving in the Metropolitan Police's Flying Squad in 1995 when UKP47,000 taken from a Security Express van by robbers is said to have gone missing. All six were remanded on bail at Bow Street magistrates' court in London.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Flying Squad Officers Admit Crime Career (The version in The Guardian says the two guilty former police officers admitted carrying out a series of crimes ranging from setting up robberies to perverting the course of justice. The pair are in safe houses helping the Metropolitan police's anti-corruption drive.) Date: Fri, 16 Oct 1998 19:19:56 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Flying Squad Officers Admit Crime Career Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Pubdate: October 15, 1998 Source: Guardian, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Copyright: Guardian Media Group 1998 Author: Duncan Campbell FLYING SQUAD OFFICERS ADMIT CRIME CAREER Two former Flying Squad officers have admitted carrying out a series of crimes ranging from setting up robberies to perverting the course of justice, it emerged yesterday. The pair are in safe houses helping the Metropolitan police's anti-corruption drive. Details of their life of crime can be published for the first time, at the conclusion of the first trial resulting from the Met's crackdown. A third former Flying Squad officer was cleared at the Old Bailey yesterday of aggravated burglary and conspiracy to supply cannabis. His former colleague's admissions represent an important breakthrough for Sir Paul Condon's anti-corruption operation. The commissioner has said that up to 250 officers in his force could be corrupt. Forty-nine have been suspended and 12 serving and former officers have been charged. After the verdicts, John Stevens, the Met's deputy commissioner, said: "Corruption will not be tolerated." Former and serving officers who engaged in crime would continue to be targeted. Terry McGuinness, aged 40, from Forest Gate, east London, a serving detective constable, pleaded guilty to nine offences between 1991 and 1997. He admitted conspiring to steal, handling stolen cash and perverting the course of justice. His former colleague Kevin Garner, aged 38, from Brentwood, Essex, who left the force as a detective constable before his arrest, pleaded guilty to 14 offences between 1992 and 1997 including conspiring to rob, conspiring to steal, handling stolen cash, perverting the course of justice and handling a stolen car. They will be sentenced later. Keith Green, aged 41, from Newbury Park, Essex - also a former Flying Squad officer - was acquitted yesterday. He told the jury he had believed he was acting lawfully on behalf of the Argentinian embassy in a debt collection exercise when he entered a flat with McGuinness and Garner. He said he had no idea that the bags which he later helped to remove contained cannabis. McGuinness and Garner were caught as the result of a classic sting last December set up by Scotland Yard's complaints investigation bureau. Within 48 hours of a trap being baited with 175lb of cannabis worth UKP400,000, the two detectives had been hooked. Anti-corruption squad officers had suspicions about Garner and McGuinness but needed evidence against them. They acquired the two-year-old cannabis from the police forensic laboratory, marked blocks of the drug with indelible ink and hid them in a flat in Silvertown, east London. Video cameras were concealed inside and outside the flat. They then let the information about the cannabis filter back to Garner and McGuinness, who was then stationed at Limehouse police station. When McGuinness and two of his former Flying Squad colleagues, Garner and Mr Green, arrived at the flat, everything was captured on film. The men were not arrested until a few days later. About 120lb of cannabis were recovered at a flat in Leyton, east London, on December 16 but the rest has never been found. McGuinness and Garner decided to co-operate with investigators. The news that two of their own were about to 'go QE' (Queen's evidence) sent shivers down the spines of corrupt fellow detectives. The pair have been assigned police minders and moved to safe houses. Mr Green told the jury he had had no idea what was in the bags. As the foreman delivered its not guilty verdict yesterday, members of his family and jurors wept. Later Mr Green, who has worked as a rugby coach and a private detective since his retirement from the police on grounds of ill health, said: "I still believe in the Metropolitan police." But he said he had been treated insensitively. He has been receiving treatment for a depressive illness which, the court heard, resulted from an incident in 1993 when he was nearly hit by a shot fired accidentally by McGuinness during an armed police operation. Mr Green told the court that as a result of this incident, over which he is suing the Metropolitan police, he had suffered from depression and flashbacks and was unable to watch police drama series on television.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Anti-tumoural effect from cannabis (A translation of an article from ABC newspaper in Madrid, Spain, says researchers from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid have proved for the first time that derivatives of cannabis have the ability to induce the death of tumur cells, without affecting healthy cells, as shown in two studies published in the magazines "FEBS Letters" and "Molecular Pharmacology.") Date: Tue, 3 Nov 1998 13:34:07 EST Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Remembers@webtv.net (Genie Brittingham) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: MAPS: Medical Marijuana From: email@example.com (Charles P. Conrad) Date: Mon, Nov 2, 1998 Subject: MAPS: Medical Marijuana FYI From the ABC NEWSPAPER 10-15-98 - MADRID translation: Anti-tumoural effect from cannabis Researchers from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid have proved for the first time that derivatives of cannabis have the ability to induce the death by "apostosis" of tumur cells, without affecting healthy cells surrounding tumurs, as shown in two studies published in the magazines "FEBS Letters" and "Molecular Pharmacology". The scientists from the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology department at the Universidad Complutense, headed by Lecturer Manuel Guzman, note that tumur cells have the ability to proliferate without limit, escaping from programmed cell death. The published works have solved, also, the possible molecular mechanism by which cannabinoids seem to carry out this effect. A door is now open to subsequent studies of cannabinoids as potential antitumoural agents. It should be remembered that marijuana has been used in medicine from the third millenium before Christ. *** MAPS-Forum@maps.org, a member service of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (to become a member, see www.maps.org/memsub.html). To [un]subscribe, email the message text, [un]subscribe maps-forum youraddress to firstname.lastname@example.org -------------------------------------------------------------------
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