------------------------------------------------------------------- Police check shows one trucker in 10 testing positive for drugs (According to The Associated Press, the results are in from last October's 48-hour check of 367 truck drivers along Oregon's southern border. Nearly one in 10 drivers tested positive for "drug" use, according to an Oregon State Police report )From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: 1 in 10 truckers testing positive for drugs Date: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 14:11:39 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Police check shows one trucker in 10 testing positive for drugs The Associated Press 11/21/98 3:37 PM Eastern PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- A 48-hour check of trucks along Oregon's southern border showed nearly 1 in 10 drivers tested positive for drug use, an Oregon State Police report says. And the numbers may be higher. The trucks themselves were in even worse shape. About a fourth rumbled north despite bad brakes, bald tires and cracked wheels. Inspectors ordered 98 of the rigs off the road immediately because of driver and equipment violations. Police stopped 373 trucks entering Oregon at Ashland and Klamath Falls in October and collected urine samples from 367 drivers, six of whom were arrested on the spot, The Oregonian reported in Sunday editions. "Drug use, combined with the long and at times excessive hours driven, creates an increased propensity for commercial vehicles crashes," said state police Lt. Charles E. Hayes. "And that should concern everyone. We share the road with these people." Violators may still be driving because state authorities do not automatically notify the trucking companies. In addition, federal regulations generally leave it up to the drivers to tell their employers if they have been convicted or have lost their license. The test results showed 34 drivers, or 9.4 percent, had drugs in their system, most commonly cocaine and methamphetamines, marijuana and prescription painkillers. Twenty-six drivers, including some who were in reserve and not actually at the wheel, refused to take the tests, Hayes said, suggesting that drug-use estimates may be conservative. Ericka Ohm of the Oregon Trucking Associations found the arrest figures less than alarming and "kind of in line with national testing results." State police planned the operation after a large number of truck crashes during the first nine months of 1998 in southern Oregon. Seventy truck wrecks occurred in Douglas, Jackson and Josephine counties, causing 18 serious injuries and three deaths. The operation was the first to deploy safety inspectors from the Oregon Department of Transportation along with police trained to detect alcohol and drug impairment. Word of the border stop quickly spread via CB radio, and state police set up another checkpoint at Klamath Falls to intercept drivers avoiding the Ashland stop. Before the operation ended Oct. 8, the California Highway Patrol reported hundreds of trucks laying up in Northern California, waiting for the checks to end. Troopers issued 45 citations and 80 warnings for equipment or driving problems. Four other drivers were so fatigued they were removed from service immediately. Hayes said the exhausted drivers at first appeared as if they were intoxicated. "One driver told troopers 'I am paid by the hour and the load so I will drive until I drop,' " Hayes said. One driver parked on the shoulder of Interstate-5 was so stoned on methamphetamines that "he didn't even know where he was," said Dave McKane of the Oregon Department of Transportation. Federal trucking regulations expect drivers to divulge their own irresponsible behavior to employers. However, the rules do little to make that happen. The Federal Highway Administration's motor carrier safety rules don't require states to tell trucking companies if a driver's license is suspended or revoked. Except for background investigations of new employees, federal rules let companies decide how far they want to go to check up on drivers. Although trucking firms are required once a year to review employee driving records, that doesn't mean the companies have to obtain official records. Employers can fulfill their legal obligation simply by asking drivers to sign a statement confessing any problems. "This is probably going to change soon, but that's what the rules say right now," said Andrew Eno, state director of the Federal Highway Administration. For $25, any firm can join Oregon's Driver and Motor Vehicle Services' Automated Reporting System, which cranks out a notice when a driver is convicted of a traffic offense. The reports are $3 each. Only 321 of Oregon's 17,000 trucking companies use the program. Some carriers depend on insurance companies to track drivers. Some drivers who were stopped praised the operation, Hayes said. "They said they need something like this in their industry because it helps weed out drivers who are causing problems" the state police lieutenant said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oregon accepts tobacco settlement (The Oregonian says Attorney General Hardy Myers announced Friday that Oregon would join 45 other states in accepting an agreement with the tobacco industry to end court battles over the costs of medical treatment for smokers. Under the agreement, the state would receive an estimated $2.1 billion during the first 25 years, then about $81 million a year in perpetuity - assuming smokers continue choosing to pay exorbitant new taxes levied on them without their consent.) The Oregonian letters to editor: email@example.com 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Oregon accepts tobacco settlement * Under the agreement, the state would receive an estimated $2.1 billion during the first 25 years, then about $81 million a year in perpetuity Saturday, November 21 1998 By Patrick O'Neill of The Oregonian staff Oregon joined 45 other states Friday in accepting an agreement with the tobacco industry to end court battles over the costs of medical treatment for smokers. It is the largest civil settlement in the nation's history, and the tobacco companies are expected to sign it Monday. Oregon's decision, announced Friday by Attorney General Hardy Myers, settles the issue of who is responsible for the health care costs of hundreds of thousands of low-income smokers whose health benefits are provided by the Medicaid system. Myers estimated that the settlement would bring a total of $2.1 billion to Oregon during the first 25 years. After that, the state will receive about $81 million a year in perpetuity. The exact amount of money the state would receive is uncertain. It is tied to a formula that increases or reduces the settlement revenues as tobacco sales go up or down. Also, the federal government probably will seek to recover its share of Medicaid costs for treatment of smokers. In Oregon, the federal government contributes about 60 percent of the financial support for Medicaid, while the state adds 40 percent. The agreement was criticized by some Oregon anti-smoking advocates as insufficient to reduce tobacco use. And Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., who also has criticized the agreement, said he'll keep working on legislation to prevent tobacco companies from targeting children. But Gov. John Kitzhaber and legislative leaders welcomed the settlement. Myers said it gives Oregon a much better deal than the state could manage to get through litigation of its own. Oregon was preparing its own suit against the tobacco industry, to go to trial in April. The agreement stops that in its tracks. Myers, who is a heavy smoker, said he favored the settlement because it includes noneconomic victories that could not have been won in a state lawsuit. In addition to giving the states money, the settlement puts restrictions on tobacco advertising and promotion -- particularly that aimed at youngsters -- and it restricts tobacco industry lobbying efforts at the state and local levels. Myers said those provisions could not have been won in court because they would have violated both state and federal constitutional guarantees of freedom of speech. Industry will pay legal fees The state has spent $800,000 to $1 million in legal fees to prepare for its case against the tobacco industry. But the attorney general said that under the settlement the tobacco industry will pay those fees. Here's what happens now: When the tobacco industry signs off on the settlement on Monday, Myers must file a motion to approve the settlement in Multnomah County Circuit Court by Dec. 11. A judge must then decide whether to approve the settlement. If everything goes according to plan, Myers said, Oregon will receive its first annual payment -- about $73 million -- in June 2000. Total payments for the 1999-2001 biennium would amount to between $120 million and $150 million. Gradually, that amount would be "ratcheted up," Myers said, until the 25th year of the agreement, when Oregon would receive a small percentage of a national pot of about $9 billion per year -- about $81 million -- in perpetuity. Bill Wyatt, Gov. John Kitzhaber's chief of staff, said the governor approved of Myers' decision. Wyatt said the governor wants to see the money spent generally for health care, but Kitzhaber hasn't made plans for it yet. Wyatt said the revenue is not included in the governor's budget for the 1999-2001 biennium. "We're obligated to work with real money and this isn't quite real yet," he said. The money is certain to be the subject of many battles in the Oregon Legislature. By law, it will flow into the state general fund. "Any time you've got a pot full of money that's within the reach of the Legislature, you have, at a minimum, a vigorous debate," said Sen. Brady Adams, R-Grants Pass, Senate president. Adams said he supports Myers' decision and urged that the revenues be used for health-related expenditures. But he cautioned against using such an uncertain funding source to expand the Oregon Health Plan, the health insurance program for the poor. Instead, Adams suggests using the money to provide tax credits for low-income families that face burdensome medical expenses, to establish medical savings accounts and to support housing programs for low-income people. In addition, he said, the Legislature should consider spending some of the money on community health grants to bring doctors and clinics to economically depressed areas and to provide transportation services to senior citizens and the disabled. A warning Adams warned against spending the dollars on programs that state taxpayers would have to support if the settlement revenue declined. That's a possibility. Revenue from the settlement is calculated using a complex formula applying a set of factors including tobacco consumption. If tobacco consumption goes down, so does revenue. Meanwhile, critics decry the agreement. Rick North, executive vice-president of the American Cancer Society in Oregon, lamented the announcement. North said the deal is filled with "land mines" that will permit the tobacco industry too much latitude to advertise and promote smoking. He and other anti-tobacco advocates say the agreement should have contained a "look back" provision that would have penalized the industry if the rates of youth smoking did not decline by a certain amount over time. Groups oppose deal Representatives of the Cancer Society, the American Heart Association in Oregon and the American Lung Association of Oregon had urged Myers to reject the agreement because the groups had not had enough time to examine it. The Tobacco Free Coalition of Oregon had expressed reservations about the agreement earlier this week. But on Friday Ellen Lowe, coalition chairwoman, pledged to work with state officials to make sure settlement revenue is spent wisely. At least one Oregon legal scholar views the agreement with alarm. Arthur LaFrance, a law professor at Northwestern School of Law at Lewis & Clark College, called the agreement a "deal with the devil." LaFrance, who teaches and writes on bioethics and health care law, questioned the wisdom of the agreement in a memo to Myers. He asked Myers to conduct a statewide series of town hall meetings and take the results to the Legislature. LaFrance said the settlement is a "huge piece of public interest litigation" that needs broader debate. In LaFrance's view, the agreement also poses a public policy paradox. "The tobacco companies are supposed to pump hundreds of millions of dollars into this in the next decade," he said. "To make this work we have to assure the survival of the tobacco companies. And I assure you, that is not in the public interest."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bus shuttles passengers to visit loved ones in distant lock-ups (A Salem, Oregon, Statesman Journal article syndicated by The Associated Press notes the state of Oregon doesn't pay for families to visit inmates at the remote Snake River Correctional Facility near Ontario, so a private business began just over a month ago, offering a 24-hour, 830-mile round-trip bus trip allowing relatives from the Willamette Valley to spend a few hours visiting loved ones behind bars.) Associated Press found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/ feedback (letters to the editor): firstname.lastname@example.org Bus shuttles passengers to visit loved ones in distant lock-ups The Associated Press 11/21/98 4:34 PM By ALAN GUSTAFSON Statesman Journal (Salem, Oregon) SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- The business began just over a month ago, with two lonely passengers boarding a 20-seat bus for a red-eye round trip to a distant prison. They traveled overnight and across the state to spend a few hours visiting loved ones behind bars at the Snake River Correctional Facility near Ontario. Then it was back on the bus for the long drive home, capping a 24-hour, 830-mile journey. Now, after five more marathon trips that have seen a steady increase in riders, the woman who started the prison shuttle is doing so well, she's adding another route to the Pendleton lock-up. "For this early in the game, it's going well," Ruth Ritchie said. "We didn't do it, as I said in the beginning, to make a killing. As anybody who has ever owned a business knows, it takes a while to build up a good clientele." Looking ahead, Ritchie vows that bad weather won't stop the shuttles to the prisons. She recently purchased snow tires, chains and fog lights -- features designed to keep the $70,000 bus rolling through winter conditions. "If I've got riders, I'm running," she said. It's a family-run enterprise. Ritchie, 46, bankrolls the business and books passengers from her home in Colorado, where she also holds a management-level job for an aerospace company. Her brother, Jim Jenkins of Stayton, drives the bus. Another brother, who is doing time at Snake River, fields inquiries from inmates who want their relatives to take the shuttle. Ritchie was inspired to launch "Shuttles to Ontario" while visiting her brother at the prison. She discovered that many parents, wives and girlfriends of inmates racked up expensive bills when they made prison visits. "One lady drove over and it cost her $400 for motels, fuel and food," Ritchie said. She touts her bus as an economical alternative. Passengers pay $85 for the round-trip Ontario shuttle. Two-way tickets for the Pendleton run will cost $70. Ridership on the Ontario shuttle grew from two and three passengers on the early trips to about 10 passengers on the latest ones. Ritchie expects the growth trend to continue as more people learn about the service. Profits or not, she intends to keep the bus on the road. "I would love for it to support itself. At some point, it will," she said. Riders ages vary, but older people on fixed-incomes seem to be the best customers. "Probably 70 percent of my ridership has been in the age bracket of 65 to 85 years of age. That has really surprised me," Ritchie said. "I knew I would get some elderly people, but I didn't think they would be that much of my clientele." Passengers can watch movies on two television screens. Between shows, there's lots of time to sleep, read and talk. Ritchie said people tend to bond on the bus. "They realize that there are other people in the same situation," she said. "We've had friendships formed in the last few weeks." (c)1998 Oregon Live LLC Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Voters And Drug Policy Collide (Los Angeles Times columnist Robert Scheer writes in The San Francisco Examiner that what makes the war on drugs so nutty is that it's more about maintaining the coercive power of anti-drug bureaucrats than treating those who suffer from serious drug abuse. Voters have been vilified as naive, but that appellation belongs to a war-on-drugs crusade that has filled our jails while leaving illegal drugs more plentiful and cheaper. It drives the anti-drug bureaucracy mad that voters in six states have now decided to ever so slightly challenge its total grip on the awesome power of government, but it bodes well for our representative system of government.) Date: Tue, 1 Dec 1998 20:10:03 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: OPED: Voters And Drug Policy Collide Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jerry Sutliff Pubdate: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Copyright: 1998 San Francisco Examiner Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Author: Robert Scheer Note: Robert Scheer is a contributing editor for the LA Times. His e-mail address is Rscheer@aol.com VOTERS AND DRUG POLICY COLLIDE If there is one stunning bit of stupidity that instantly garners bipartisan support, it's the failed war on drugs. Virtually all politicians march in lock step to do battle with unmitigated fervor against each and every banned drug as if they were all created equal in destructive potency and antisocial impulse. Nowhere is the simplistic arrogance that underwrites national drug policy more blatant than in the continual denigration of voters in the states that dare dissent from official policy. In 1996, it was the electorate of California and Arizona that begged to differ and, by voting in favor of the limited legalized use of medical marijuana, incurred the blistering wrath of the anti-drug crusaders. To hear the uproar in official circles, you would have thought marijuana, even in small quantities and prescribed by doctors for AIDS and chemotherapy patients, was demon rum itself and that the ghosts of the temperance society ladies had risen from their graves to smash open the doors of the cannabis clubs. But the hysteria failed. Despite police harassment, the non-stop fulminations of President Clinton's drug czar, Barry McCaffrey, and a massive advertising campaign against medical marijuana, the electorate has remained sane. In this last election, voters in Nevada, Oregon, Alaska and Washington joined California and Arizona in approving patient use of marijuana. In Arizona and Oregon, voters moved beyond medical marijuana use, opting for serious steps in the direction of decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana. Exit polls show that voters in the nation's capital similarly voted for legal use of medical marijuana, but in one of the more egregious violations of the spirit of representative government, Congress approved a ban to even count the D.C. vote on this measure. The fight to prevent the vote count was led by ultra-right-wing Rep. Bob Barr, R-Ga., who perfectly embodies the contradictions inherent in his ideological obsessions. Barr has been the most vociferous opponent of gun control legislation and even gutted an anti-terrorist bill to tag explosives material on the grounds that it would be an unwarranted extension of government power. But locking folks up for smoking weed is his favorite cause. He's not alone. Marijuana remains the scourge of the $11-billion- a-year anti-drug bureaucracy not because of any documentable antisocial impact but simply because that's where it gets the big numbers of drug users to justify the bloated budgets. According to the latest FBI statistics, 545,396 Americans were arrested in 1996 for possessing marijuana, a substance that, if legal, would prove no more dangerous to society than the vodka martini one occasionally sips. That doesn't mean it's good to abuse any mood-altering drug, but rather that a national policy which turns the relatively benign use of marijuana into a highly profitable and socially disruptive criminal activity is absurd. But don't try to tell the politicians that, or they'll tear your head off. Just look at the smear job McCaffrey has done on financier/philanthropist George Soros and other businessmen for daring to help finance recent state ballot initiatives that present voters with a drug-policy choice. McCaffrey thundered recently that the folks putting up money for these campaigns are "a carefully camouflaged, exorbitantly funded, well-heeled elitist group whose ultimate goal is to legalize drug use in the United States." Interesting that McCaffrey was silent on the far larger amounts of tobacco-industry money that poured into California to challenge a ballot initiative to increase the tax on tobacco products and divert it to education. It is invidious to pretend that the drugs now classified as legal are less harmful than those whose use is branded as a crime. Drug abuse, both of legal and illegal drugs, is a medical problem requiring treatment by health professionals, not cops. What makes the war on drugs so nutty is that it's more about maintaining the coercive power of anti-drug bureaucrats than treating those who suffer from serious drug abuse. The voters have been vilified as naive, but that appellation belongs to a war-on-drugs crusade that has filled our jails while leaving illegal drugs more plentiful and cheaper. It drives the anti-drug bureaucracy mad that voters in six states have now voted to ever so slightly challenge its total grip on the awesome power of government, but it bodes well for our representative system of government.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE study (A list subscriber posts the URL for an Adobe Acrobat .pdf version of the report titled "Attitudes and Beliefs about DARE - A survey interview with full program graduates in Cedar City, Utah," by Joseph Donnermeyer of Ohio State University.)Date: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 10:09:52 EST Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Rolf Ernst" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: DARE study Just an FYI - I scanned and put the following study up: Attitudes and Beliefs about D.A.R.E. A survey interview with full program graduates in Cedar City, Utah http://www.legalize-usa.org/documents/PDF/dare1.pdf We made quite some progress here with our intitiative, learned a lot which I will share in a later email. Hope you find the document useful. It is one of the major studies cited by D.A.R.E. Regards Rolf Rolf Ernst 11909 Wildwood Lane Frisco, TX 75035 Tel: (972) 335-6455 Fax: (972) 377-4099
------------------------------------------------------------------- Newspaper - federal prosecutors break law to pursue convictions (The Associated Press says a two-year investigation has culminated in a 10-part series beginning Sunday in The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that shows federal agents and prosecutors around the country have repeatedly broken the law over the past decade in pursuit of convictions. The newspaper said it found examples of prosecutors lying, hiding evidence, distorting the facts, engaging in cover-ups, paying for perjury and setting up innocent people to win indictments, guilty pleas and convictions. Federal officials rarely were punished for their misconduct. Some victims went to prison because prosecutors withheld favorable evidence or allowed fabricated testimony, while some criminals walked free as a reward for conspiring with the government.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: Newspaper: federal prosecutors break law to pursue convictions Date: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 14:28:54 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newspaper: federal prosecutors break law to pursue convictions Associated Press, 11/21/98 11:42 PITTSBURGH (AP) - Federal agents and prosecutors around the country have repeatedly broken the law over the past decade in pursuit of convictions, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette said it found as the result of a two-year investigation. The newspaper, in a 10-part series that begins Sunday, said it found examples of prosecutors lying, hiding evidence, distorting the facts, engaging in cover-ups, paying for perjury and setting up innocent people to win indictments, guilty pleas and convictions. Federal officials rarely were punished for their misconduct, despite the fact that they caused some victims to lose their jobs, assets and even families, the newspaper said. It also reported that some victims went to prison because prosecutors withheld favorable evidence or allowed fabricated testimony, while some criminals walked free as a reward for conspiring with the government. ``It's a result-oriented process today, fairness be damned,'' said Robert Merkle, who served as a U.S. attorney in Florida from 1982 to 1988 and is now a defense lawyer in Tampa. ``The philosophy of the past 10 to 15 years (is) that whatever works is what's right,'' he told the Post-Gazette. The U.S. Justice Department, which oversees federal prosecutors, denied the newspaper's allegations. ``Our prosecutors live by strict, comprehensive and effective ethics rules,'' Myron Marlin, a department spokesman in Washington, told The Associated Press. ``They are governed by the rules in the states where they are licensed, the courts where the case is tried and by federal regulation as well. ``Our office that oversees prosecutorial conduct (Office of Professional Responsibility) reviews every complaint and vigorously pursues prosecutors who cross the line.'' During the newspaper's investigation, the Justice Department did not respond to questions it posed in writing, nor would it return phone calls requesting comment. The Post-Gazette said the problems have worsened as Congress has eliminated many of the checks and balances designed to prevent the abuse of power. For instance, federal sentencing guidelines say a person who pleads guilty to a crime and is cooperative should receive a lesser sentence than someone who fights a charge and is convicted at trial. ``The courts used to be a buffer between prosecutors and the rights of defendants,'' said Bennett Gershman, a former New York State prosecutor who teaches law at Pace University. ``They are now simply a rubber stamp.'' No matter what offense a federal prosecutor may commit in pursuing an investigation, a criminal defendant is practically powerless to sue for damages, the newspaper found. The Post-Gazette also said it found hundreds of examples of abuse in discovery, which requires that federal prosecutors turn over to criminal defendants any evidence that might help prove the defendants' innocence or show lack of credibility on the part of prosecution witnesses. ``My attitude was that if you can't take the truth and win, then you weren't supposed to win,'' said Gary Richardson, who had an ``open file'' discovery policy during his tenure as a U.S. attorney in Oklahoma, which ended in 1984. In Richardson's office, defense lawyers were permitted to come in and look at anything prosecutors had collected on a particular case. Now that ``open file'' discovery policy simply doesn't exist, said Richardson, now a defense attorney in Oklahoma City. Rep. John Murtha, D-Pa., tried to rein in federal prosecutors with legislation called the Citizens Protection Act, which would have established an independent oversight board to monitor federal prosecutors and require them to abide by state ethics laws. It also provided sanctions against prosecutors who knowingly committed misconduct. Murtha decided to draft the legislation after watching an eight-year federal investigation nearly destroy Rep. Joseph McDade, R-Pa., who in 1996 was acquitted of charges that he accepted gifts from defense companies in exchange for helping them win lucrative contracts. That case ``made me recognize the tremendous power a prosecutor has. I could see that if they did this to a Joe McDade, an ordinary citizen has no chance,'' Murtha said. The House of Representative approved the legislation in August by a vote of 345-82. But the bill became part of the federal appropriations package that Congress passed in October, and the Justice Department managed to have all but one provision killed in the conference committee that crafted the budget bill.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Update on Jean Marlowe's case - please don't call the prosecutor (A news release from NORML says Jean Marlowe, a medical marijuana patient in Mill Spring, North Carolina, will be sentenced Tuesday for receiving a package of cannabis from Switzerland.) From: RKSTROUP@aol.com Date: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 12:12:49 EST To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Subject: Jean Marlowe's case/Please Don't Call the Prosecutor Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Update on Jean Marlowe's case: On Tuesday, November 24, 1998, Asheville, NC Federal District Court Judge Lacey Thornburg will sentence medical marijuana patient Linda Jean Marlowe of Mill Spring, NC. Mrs. Marlowe, known to her friends as "Jean," was arrested and charged with several federal felonies, based on her receipt of a package of marijuana from Switzerland. Jean, 45, has several rare and debilitating diseases, and had obtained the marijuana for her personal medical use. She suffers from porphyria (a congenital liver abnormality), degenerative disk disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. These diseases cause Jean constant, severe pain and the pain causes Jean to vomit repeatedly. Because of her liver condition, Jean can not take conventional pain medications. Dr. Frederick Bissel, Jean's treating physician, explained at a recent hearing that conventional pain medications can harm Jean's diseased liver, while marijuana is a highly effective analgesic and does not damage the liver. Jean's attorneys asked the Court for leave to present evidence of her medical need for marijuana, but the Court refused. Without the option of asserting her only defense, Jean was found guilty by a jury on June 8, 1998. She retained her right to appeal the court's refusal to permit her to raise a medical necessity defense. While out on supervised release awaiting sentencing, Jean continued to smoke marijuana to alleviate pain, causing her to fail several court ordered drug tests, and resulting in her bond being revoked and Jean being incarcerated on November 9, 1998. During her first nights in jail, she had to sleep on the floor of an overcrowded, cold cell with no blankets. Eventually she was moved to solitary confinement since that cell had a bench for sleeping. The cell lacked a sink or toilet, however, and Jean was forced to urinate and vomit into a crack in floor. Pain is a part of Jean's family history. Jean's father died from multiple sclerosis, and her brother recently killed himself because of the ravaging effects of multiple sclerosis. Jean visited her brother in his hospital room as he lay dying from his own hand. After he died, Jean walked to the hospital parking lot with her husband, Steve, where she was surrounded and arrested by law enforcement officers for her medical use of marijuana. The NORML Legal Committee (NLC) has been involved in this case for some time, and in a separate, earlier state prosecution. We are sending NLC member Joe Bondy, a federal sentencing expert from New York City, down to North Carolina to assist Jean's attorney, Brent Conner, at the sentencing hearing on Tuesday, armed with an affidavit from Dr.John Morgan. We had offered to make Dr. Morgan available as a witness at the sentencing hearing, but the judge again ruled against permitting any medical evidence to be introduced. We will also be helping with the appeal of her conviction. With all due respect to my friend Lennice Werth, I would urge folks NOT to call the US Attorney regarding this case. The goals are (1) to try to get Jean Marlowe out of jail as quickly as possible, and (2) to appeal the judge's decision not to permit her to raise the defense of medical necessity at trial. Goading or harassing the prosecutor just prior to the sentencing hearing is not likely to help with the first of these. For more information, please contact Keith Stroup,Esq. or Tanya Kangas,Esq. at 202.483.5500.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Califano implicates pot in alcohol deaths (Joseph Califano of CASA is quoted on television's "Politically Incorrect" saying the antiemetic qualities of cannabis prevent drunks from throwing up, killing them.) Date: Mon, 7 Dec 1998 09:03:55 -0800 (PST) From: Uzondu Jibuike (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Date: Wed, 2 Dec 1998 16:53:05 -0500 From: "Lee Bonnifield" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: MAPS: Califano implicates pot in alcohol deaths Witchhunter General Joe Califano was a guest on the Nov 21, 1998 midnight ABC program "Politically Incorrect". They were discussing deaths on college campuses from students drinking too much. Do you know if there is any supporting evidence for this theory Califano gleefully announced: "It's not just that the kids are drinking. It's that they're smoking pot at the same time they're drinking... The pot reduces your ability for nausea, it's an anti-nausea agent, so these kids don't throw up the alcohol they would otherwise throw up, and they get alcohol poisoning. Believe me! ...One of the reasons we're having these deaths from alcohol poisoning is that normally when you drink there's a point at which you'll just throw it up and it'll go out of your system. Pot - the same reason why people say smoke pot if you're getting chemotherapy - you won't get nauseous, so when you smoke the pot you contradict that nausea, and you hold on to the alcohol and it poisons your system, and it CAN KILL you, if you have too much alcohol in your blood. That's what those kids are dying of, alcohol poisoning. ... One of the reasons we have an increase in deaths of kids from alcohol poisoning is that." -- Joe Califano, Politically Incorrect, 11/21/98 *** Lee Bonnifield email@example.com *** MAPS-Forum@maps.org, a member service of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies. To become a member, see www.maps.org/memsub.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- Loerrach Applies To Join The New Drug Project (According to a translation excerpted from Stuttgarter Zeitung, in Germany, the district of Lorraech has made formal application to the German Ministry of Health for permission to establish safe injecting-rooms for addicts. The Catholic Workers Party recently asked for 50,000 marks to plan such clinics.) Date: Sat, 21 Nov 1998 17:24:05 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Germany: Loerrach Applies To Join The New Drug Project Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Harald Lerch HaL@main-rheiner.de Source: Stuttgarter Zeitung (Germany) Copyright: 1998 Stuttgarter Nachrichte Pubdate: 21 Nov 1998 Website: http://www.stuttgarter-zeitung.de/ Translator: Pat Dolan (from German text) Note: Main points only slightly edited. LOERRACH APPLIES TO JOIN THE NEW DRUG PROJECT The district of Lorraech has made formal application to the Ministry of Health for permission to participate in the projected drug model which has recently been the subject of heated controversy. This was confirmed by the district office on Friday, 20 November 1998. The Catholic Workers Party recently asked for 50,000 marks for the planning of 'guest rooms,' also known as 'injection rooms,' for drug addicts. The Social Democrat delegate, Joerg Lutz, said there was still no such project in Baden-Wuerttemberg. No legal basis exists as yet for such a project. The question of who is competent to settle the legal question is likely to be controversial. If the federal government rules that the projected clinics are legal, the Stuttgart social affairs ministry, which has thus far opposed the plan, will have to put on a `happy face' and go along with it.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 55% Of Smuggled Cocaine World Wide Being Transported By Express Services (According to an article translated from Die Welt, in Germany, German Customs authorities say private transport services such as FedEx, UPS, and DHL are being used "to a considerable extent" for the international transport of illegal drugs. Of the total European air-freight traffic in 1997, around 40 percent was done by couriers, 27 percent by air-freight and 33 percent by parcel post. 55 percent of smuggled cocaine discovered was being transported by express services; 11 percent by air freight, and 34 percent by parcel-post. The figures for marihuana were: 40 percent for express services; 38 percent via air freight, and 12 percent via parcel post. 88 percent of the hashish was being transported by air-freight.) Date: Tue, 24 Nov 1998 20:33:43 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Germany: 55% Of Smuggled Cocaine World Wide Being Transported Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Harald Lerch (HaL@main-rheiner.de) Source: Die Welt (Germany) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.welt.de/ Copyright: Die Welt 1998 Pubdate: 21 Nov 1998 Author: Peter Scherer, Frankfurt am Main Translator: Pat Dolan (from German text) (Note: Main points only slightly edited. Direct speech given in quotes. pd) 55% OF SMUGGLED COCAINE WORLD WIDE BEING TRANSPORTED BY EXPRESS SERVICES According to German Customs authorities, private transport services are being used "to a considerable extent" for the international transport of illegal drugs. The trend is clear: according to current estimates the sharp rise in the use of Express services and the quick turn around in the exchange of goods has led to a lessening of risk. This in turn has led to the rise in demand for such services by international drug smugglers. Peter Zimmermann, director of the Customs criminal investigation bureau for the ZKA, the war on drugs section of German Customs, gave "Die Welt" the following figures for 1997: of the total European air-freight traffic, around 40% was done by couriers, 27% by air-freight and 33% by parcel post. 55% of the smuggled cocaine discovered was being transported by express services; 11% by air freight and 34% by parcel-post. The figures for marihuana were: 40% express services; 38% air freight, 12% parcel post. Heroin figures were: 66% by air freight; 22% private transport services, and 12% parcel post. As against that, 88% of the hashish was being transported by air-freight. Zimmermann praised the cooperation of the private freight services with the authorities, saying that special agreements had been entered into with, for example, UPS, FedEx and DHL. These had led to successful outcomes in the struggle to contain smuggling. Hans-Werner Gabriel, UPS Director of Import and Customs Affairs for Europe, the Middle East and Africa, said that in accordance with the agreement reached with the federal finance ministry, particulars of dates, senders, goods and receivers would be placed at the disposal of the disposal of customs before the entry of the goods into Germany. This made "a substantial contribution to the successful discovery of the illegal goods". Gabriel said that this close cooperation was responsible for the success UPS had had in making their services "unsafe and unattractive" for drug couriers, drug cartels and other criminal organisations. Die Welt 1998 -------------------------------------------------------------------
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