------------------------------------------------------------------- The NORML Foundation Weekly Press Release (Marijuana Derivative Benefits Head Trauma Victims, Human Trials Show; Clinton Signs Law Denying Student Aid To Marijuana Smokers; UK Drug Czar Backs Limited Use Of Medical Marijuana; South Carolina High School Issues Ban On Hemp Jewelry) From: NATLNORML@aol.com Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 17:24:17 EDT Subject: NORML WPR 10/08/98 (II) The NORML Foundation Weekly Press Release 1001 Connecticut Ave., NW Ste. 710 Washington, DC 20036 202-483-8751 (p) 202-483-0057 (f) www.norml.org firstname.lastname@example.org October 8, 1998 *** Marijuana Derivative Benefits Head Trauma Victims, Human Trials Show October 8, 1998, Jerusalem, Israel: A synthetic drug derived from marijuana reduced mortality and eased intracranial pressure in patients suffering from severe head injuries, results from a study involving 67 patients demonstrated. Patients treated with the drug, known as Dexanabinol, were also more likely "to resume to a normal life" than those not treated with the drug. "These results add to the growing body of evidence indicating that compounds in marijuana reduce damage to the brain caused by head trauma, strokes, and spinal cord injuries," announced Paul Armentano, director of publications and research for The NORML Foundation. Research demonstrates that Dexanabinol protects healthy brain cells after trauma by blocking the neurotransmitter, glutamate. Head trauma and strokes cause the release of excessive glutamate, often resulting in irreversible damage to brain cells. "These [latest] study results are promising and open the door to a Phase III study (large human trial) in the U.S. and Europe next year," announced Haim Aviv, chairman and CEO of Pharmos Corporation, which licenses Dexanabinol. He estimated that a Phase III study would involve trials with 700 to 900 patients and take nearly two years to complete. The study's lead investigator, Dr. Nachshon Knoller of the Sheba Medical Center in Israel, said that no drugs are currently approved to treat severe head trauma. Head injuries are the leading cause of death among U.S. children and young adults, he added. Similar medical marijuana research conducted this July by researchers at the National Institutes for Mental Health found that the cannabinoids THC and cannabidiol (CBD) also appear to protect the brain against toxic levels of glutamate. For more information, please contact either NORML Foundation Vice-Chairman Dr. Lester Grinspoon of Harvard Medical School @ (617) 277-3621 or Paul Armentano of The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751. *** Clinton Signs Law Denying Student Aid To Marijuana Smokers October 8, 1998, Washington, D.C.: President Bill Clinton signed legislation yesterday denying convicted marijuana offenders from receiving federal student loan assistance. The language, introduced by Rep. Mark Souder (R-Ind.) as an amendment to the Higher Education Act (H.R. 6), mandates that "A student who has been convicted of any offense under any Federal or State law involving the possession or sale of a controlled substance shall not be eligible to receive any [federal] grant, loan, or work assistance." NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup, Esq. called the new law unfair. "It is outrageous that Congress and the President would pass this law denying financial aid to students for minor non-violent drug offenses, while a felony conviction for a serious violent crime brings no such penalty," he said. "What kind of message is Washington sending?" The new law suspends first time drug offenders from receiving student aid for one year. Second time offenders will be ineligible for two years, and multiple repeat offenders will be barred indefinitely. Drug sellers will be ineligible for two years after their first conviction, and indefinitely prohibited from receiving aid upon a second conviction. Students may resume eligibility before completing their suspension if they participate in a drug rehabilitation program and pass two random drug tests. Stroup questioned how fairly the new law would apply to marijuana offenders. "In many states, marijuana possession is decriminalized (a civil violation punishable by payment of a small fine), while in others it's a misdemeanor or a felony. Depending on which state students live in, this legislation may or may not apply to you." Scott Ehlers, spokesman for The Drug Policy Foundation in Washington, D.C., also criticized the measure. "The Higher Education Act's denial of student loans to convicted drug offenders proves that drug laws can ruin a person's life more thoroughly than drug use," he said. For more information, please contact either Allen St. Pierre of The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751 or Scott Ehlers of The Drug Policy Foundation @ (202) 537-5005. *** U.K. Drug Czar Backs Limited Use Of Medical Marijuana October 8, 1998, London, England: United Kingdom Drug Czar Keith Hellawell said the use of marijuana as a medicine may be justified in some cases, The Daily Mail newspaper reported recently. Hellawell's statement marked the first time the Drug Czar has indicated support for medical marijuana reform. The Daily Mail wrote, "Mr. Hellawell's remarks were taken as a powerful hint that Ministers are prepared to back legalization if trials now underway support doctors' claims that cannabis can help those suffering from serious diseases." A British researcher licensed by the U.K. government to grow medical marijuana plans to begin human trials shortly to determine the drug's effectiveness in treating patients with multiple sclerosis. "British officials seem ready to take a serious look at marijuana as a medicine and distinguish this public health issue from the war on drugs," said NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup, Esq. For more information, please contact either Keith Stroup or Paul Armentano of NORML @ (202) 483-5500. *** South Carolina High School Issues Ban On Hemp Jewelry October 8, 1998, Columbia, South Carolina: Students attending Spring Valley High School may no longer wear necklaces made out of hemp fiber, according to a new policy enacted by educators this year. Administrators at the school said the ban was necessary because the necklaces are representative of the marijuana drug culture. "School officials' purpose for banning hemp jewelry likely violates students' constitutionally protected rights to speech," said Tanya Kangas, Esq., director of litigation for The NORML Foundation. Steven Bates, executive director of the state American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), also voiced opposition to the new policy. "The authoritarian nature of schools is becoming ridiculous," he said. "It's silly. You could smoke it (hemp) all day long and not get high." Spring Valley Assistant Principal Genny White defended the ban. "Even though we know there are other legitimate uses for hemp, we don't think it is appropriate for school," she said. Presently, the hemp ban applies only to necklaces. The policy does not prohibit students from wearing hemp clothing such as hemp T-shirts or shoes, and does not forbid the use of hemp cosmetic products like lip balm. The school's dress code previously banned students from wearing T-shirts with designs suggestive of drug, tobacco, or alcohol use. In past years, a handful of high schools have attempted to enforce similar bans on hemp jewelry. Notably, North High School in Eastlake, Ohio outlawed hemp jewelry in 1996, but stopped enforcing the measure after pressure from the state NORML affiliate and the ACLU. For more information, please contact either Allen St. Pierre or Tanya Kangas of The NORML Foundation @ (202) 483-8751. - END -
------------------------------------------------------------------- Truckers checked for drug use in special stops (The Associated Press says Oregon state troopers stopped 57 trucks over two days on US Highway 97 for drug and safety checks involving random urine tests. So-called drug impairment experts also visually checked each driver.)Associated Press found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/ feedback (letters to the editor): email@example.com Truckers checked for drug use in special stops The Associated Press 10/8/98 3:50 AM KLAMATH FALLS, Ore. (AP) -- Richard Dompeling, a trucker for the past 30 years, didn't mind when state police stopped his rig and checked for safety violations. He didn't even mind the urine test. "It's important," he said. "Most of us are careful, but I'm sure there are still some stupid ones out there." Dompeling and 56 other truckers were stopped on U.S. Highway 97 for drug and safety checks Tuesday, part of a two-day crackdown by state troopers. One driver was arrested on charges of being under the influence of drugs. Another was put out of service because he hadn't kept up his log book. State Police Lt. Dale Rutledge said trucks are involved in about 30 percent of traffic accidents on Interstate 5. "Historically, we know truck drivers will take stimulants to try and stay awake," he said. Troopers checked the driver's log books, safety equipment and the rig itself. At the same time, drug impairment experts visually checked the drivers for drug impairment. Drivers were then asked to submit a urine sample as part of a research project into what types of stimulants and over-the-counter medications, if any, truck drivers use on the road. "Some over-the-counter medications can cause drowsiness, and they can cause impairment," Rutledge said. Truckers have a limit of 500 driving miles before they must stop and rest. Dompeling said he often stops after 350-400 miles to rest. He also drinks coffee to stay awake. Troopers estimate that about 30 to 60 trucks an hour come through the Klamath Falls weigh station, but it appears that some drivers may have been warned by their colleagues about the inspection, State Police Lt. Dan Rutledge said. "We don't know for sure, but we have high suspicion," he said. "Forty minutes after we quit it was like the floodgates opened and they all started coming north." (c)1998 Oregon Live LLC Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Seattle School Learns Life Isn't An Absolute (A staff editorial in The Columbian, in Vancouver, Washington, says "zero tolerance" public school policies make zero sense in the real world. It sounds good when politicians and school officials tout it during election time. The casualty, though, is common sense.) Date: Sun, 11 Oct 1998 14:18:31 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: Editorial: Seattle School Learns Life Isn't An Absolute Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Pubdate: Thur, 8 Oct 1998 Source: The Columbian (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Copyright: (c) 1998 The Columbian Publishing Co. Website: http://www.columbian.com/ Mail: 701 W. Eighth St., Vancouver, WA 98666 Fax: (360) 699-6033 Author: Michael Zuzel, for the editorial board In Our View SEATTLE SCHOOL LEARNS LIFE ISN'T AN ABSOLUTE A "zero tolerance" policy makes zero sense in the real world. It sounds good when politicians and school officials tout it during election time. The casualty, though, is common sense. A zero tolerance policy regarding threats of violence led to the emergency expulsion of a Battle Ground High School student last May for allegedly writing a fictional essay about a student who strangled his teacher. Similar outrageousness has occurred in schools across the nation. A 6-year-old Colorado Springs boy was suspended for half a day for violating his school's zero tolerance policy on drugs and drug look-alikes when he brought lemon drops to school. Officials declared a 12-year-old Maryland girl a "drug trafficker" after she shared her inhaler with a classmate suffering a severe asthma attack. And it was a zero tolerance policy regarding weapons -- even toy weapons -- that led to the expulsion of a Seattle sixth-grader whose squirt gun fell out of his backpack in the cafeteria. Common sense may yet prevail. Seattle school officials this week reduced the student's punishment to a temporary suspension. By extending the automatic expulsion penalty from real weapons to fake ones last year, "I think we overreached a little," the school's attorney admitted to the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. A little? Imposing such laughable, one-size-clobbers-all rules damages school officials' credibility with parents, students and taxpayers. Students should be taught reasoning skills by example, and harsh punishments should be saved for hard cases. It's not being soft on drugs to allow one teen-age girl to give her friend a Midol. It's not an invitation to a massacre to confiscate a squirt gun without treating its owner as a convicted felon. And rather than expelling an essayist, schools ought to be encouraging his talents in positive directions. That's what schools are for.
------------------------------------------------------------------- End Reefer Madness (A letter to the editor of The Herald in Everett, Washington, supports Initiative 692, the medical marijuana ballot measure.) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 15:54:16 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US WA: PUB LTE: End Reefer Madness Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Source: The Herald, Everett (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.heraldnet.com/ Pubdate: 8 Oct 98 Author: Darral Good, Lynnwood INITIATIVE 692 End reefer madness On Nov. 3, we have choice to end the "reefer madness" surrounding the medicinal use of marijuana and replace it with "reefer candidness." I'm voting yes on Initiative 692, the Medical Marijuana Use Act. I believe licensed physicians are competent to employ marijuana and patients have a right to obtain marijuana legally - under medical supervision - either from a regulated source or home-grown as they would with any other safe and effective herb. DARRAL GOOD Lynnwood
------------------------------------------------------------------- Heavy Drinking Reported Among 10th-, 12-Graders (The Herald, in Everett, Washington, says a survey released Wednesday of 37,000 students around the state was carried out during the last week in March and the first week of April for the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Department of Social and Health Services, and the Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development. The survey suggested that students' use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana were all up slightly.) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 17:48:24 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: Heavy Drinking Reported Among 10th- , 12-Graders Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Thursday, 08 October, 1998 Source: The Herald, Everett (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.heraldnet.com/ Author: Sharon Salyer, with contributions from Eric Stevick HEAVY DRINKING REPORTED AMONG 10TH- , 12-GRADERS Students' Responses To Survey Questions Also Show Rise In Cigarettes, Marijuana About a third of Snohomish County high school seniors and about a quarter of area sophomores say they have participated in binge drinking, consuming five or more drinks in one sitting, a survey released Wednesday shows. This means the number of local 10th- and 12th-graders reporting heavy drinking has increased about 4 percentage points since 1995. Questions on alcohol consumption were part of a survey of 9,100 Snohomish County students in the sixth, eighth, 10th and 12th grades that also examined cigarette smoking, violence and marijuana use. The survey, which questioned 37,000 students statewide, gives an intimate look at prevalence of risky behaviors among youths in Washington. The questionnaire was a project of the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Department of Social and Health Services, and the Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development. It was conducted the last week in March and the first week of April. In Snohomish County, students in the Edmonds, Everett, Granite Falls, Lakewood, Monroe, Mukilteo and Snohomish school districts participated, said Jack Wilson, a substance abuse prevention specialist for the Snohomish County's Department of Human Services. Although the amount of binge drinking is up, Wilson said he was surprised even more by the patterns of drinking among sixth-grade students. Locally, 6.4 percent of sixth-graders reported binge drinking; statewide, it was 7.6 percent. Some 13.8 percent of Washington sixth-graders reported they had drunk some alcohol in the 30 days before the survey. Half of these drinking sixth-graders said they get their alcohol at home and their parents know about it. "That probably hits me the hardest," Wilson said. "To me, it's a travesty," he said of parents' reported knowledge of their children's drinking habits. Marijuana use by area sophomores and seniors is also up slightly, with nearly 28 percent of local 10th-graders saying they had used the drug in the 30 days before the survey and nearly 30 percent of seniors saying they tried it, up 4 percentage points over 1995 levels. High school cigarette smoking rates also have increased since 1995 with one-quarter of area sophomores and a third of seniors saying they had smoked at least one cigarette in the past 30 days. Violence continues to be a problem both here and across the state with 13 to 17 percent of Washington students reporting they had attacked someone with the idea of seriously hurting them. Locally, about 11 percent of sixth-graders said they had engaged in this kind of violence, down from 15.8 percent in 1995. In eighth grade, the percentage dropped from 20.2 percent in 1995 to 17 percent in 1998. In the higher grades, the numbers changed little, with 16.3 percent of 10th-graders and 13.3 percent of 12th-graders reporting violent behavior in 1998. Peter Finch, principal at Granite Falls High School, speculates that a student peer mediator program at many schools across the county and state has cut down or leveled the incidents of students fighting. The program, in which students help resolve conflicts, has had the largest impact in lower grades, according to the study. Lynn Evans, an assistant superintendent for schools in the south end of the Everett School District, said she also has witnessed more communitywide emphasis on the importance of keeping schools safe. "I think there is certainly an increased awareness, not just among the students themselves but among the parents in the community and the community itself regarding the fact that we want our children to be raised safely and to remember their childhood as being safe," Evans said. The number of students carrying a weapon to area schools either remained steady or was slightly reduced from 1995. Nearly 9 percent of local sixth-graders, 14 percent of eighth-graders, nearly 13 percent or 10-graders and about 10 percent of 12th-graders reported they had carried a gun, knife, razor, club, stick, pipe or other weapon to school.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Students' Substance Use Increases (The Seattle Times version) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 17:50:24 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US WA: Students' Substance Use Increases Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Author: Tamra Fitzpatrick STUDENTS' SUBSTANCE USE INCREASES By the time Washington students graduate from high school, more than 80 percent have experimented with alcohol, more than 60 percent have smoked cigarettes and more than half have used drugs. And the use of all three among adolescents is up from 1995, according to the latest Washington State Survey of Adolescent Health Behavior, which was released yesterday. Among the more than 39 percent of sixth-graders who said they have experimented with alcohol - up from 33 percent in 1990 - half of the students said they got their alcohol at home and with their parents' knowledge. The survey assessed 14,601 sixth-, eighth-, 10th- and 12th-grade students in 102 public schools in the state on behavioral and health issues, including substance abuse and weapon possession. This is the fifth time the survey has been done; it was started in 1988. The survey was conducted by three state agencies: the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) and the Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development. Their hope is that schools and communities will use the survey, evaluating their intervention programs to see if they meet the needs of local adolescents and to help in developing more programs where they're needed. "Our belief is if you can prevent today's teens from ever getting involved in substance abuse, the next generation will not be showing up with fetal-alcohol syndrome, cocaine addiction, Child Protective Services caseloads, domestic abuse. Hopefully it will help to stop the cycle," said Kathy Spears, DSHS spokeswoman. Part of the survey asks students what they need to stay away from the undesirable behaviors. Spears said responses include the need to feel committed to their community and school, to stay away from friends who drink and to feel rewarded for positive behaviors. Spears said the results of the survey were up and down - "Some things got better, some got worse." Among the results: -- Nine percent of sixth-graders reported carrying a weapon in the past 30 days, down from 17 percent in 1992. -- Eight percent of sixth-graders, 12 percent of eighth-graders, 12 percent of 10th-graders and nine percent of 12th-grade students said they have belonged to a gang. -- Nearly 14 percent of sixth-graders, 34 percent of eighth-graders and more than 56 percent of 12th-graders said they have experimented with illicit drugs. And one in four 10th- and 12th-grade students said they use marijuana. -- Since 1990, cigarette smoking among sixth-, 10th- and 12th-graders has steadily increased. Smoking among eighth-grade students leveled off this year.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Steve McWilliams jury trial (A list subscriber publicizes the San Diego trial of the medical marijuana patient who ran the Valley Center Cannabis Collective and was busted while delivering plants to another patient. A protest and rally begin at 8 a.m. on Wednesday, October 14, in front of the courthouse before the first day of the trial.) From: "ralph sherrow" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Subject: Fwd: Steve McWilliams jury trial Date: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 14:30:39 PDT I'd be glad to pass it on to my list. Steve is a good man. *** From: "Gregory Wentzel" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Ralph Sherrow" (email@example.com) Subject: Steve McWilliams jury trial Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 09:28:18 -0700 Dear Ralph, Could you please post an announcement about Steve McWilliams upcoming jury trial here in San Diego. I believe you know Steve. I learned about your e mail list through him. He is a good friend of mine. He was busted going through a Border Patrol check point delivering plants to another medicinal marijuana patient whose garden had been raided recently. Of course, the only way to the patients house was through the check point, where of course one gives up all rights here in the land of the free. He was arrested, and they used that as the reasoning to raid his home whereupon a larger garden was found, and all the medicine destroyed. Steve had several articles about his Valley Center Cannabis Collective in the paper, so it was only a matter of time before the empire struck back. We will have a protest and rally at 8AM on October 14, 1998 in front of the courthouse before the first day of the trial. They are always fun and empowering for everyone. There will be extensive media coverage I am sure. Plants, costumes, and street theater will be provided! He faces charges of cultivation, and also Dion Maarkegraf faces charges of sales to an undercover agent posing as a patient. Yes they are sick too, but they don't bear their illness well. So please invite all that you can to show support to this compassionate peaceful man who has suffered throughout the past months. Every day in the Union Trib there are articles propounding the benefits of a new Padres Baseball Stadium to all the working people in this town. Makes me wish that the marijuana lobby had tons of money to fork over to the politicians so they would listen and act in good faith. Plus, they wouldn't have to lie like they do about the stadium! Greg Wentzel Further info call (619) 291-9617 or (619) 644-9504
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sister Somayah (A list subscriber says the Los Angeles medical marijuana activist and sickle cell anemia patient is being held on $50,000 bail after being busted by four LAPD narcs who said her 30 plants were too many. They also said her 1997 physician's letter of recommendation for cannabis was too old, as if people recuperate from sickle cell disease. One of the police was an officer she had lodged a complaint against with the city council.)Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 22:21:23 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: brenda (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: Sister Somayah Activists and interested parties: Sister Somayah is being held at the 77th and Broadway jail in downtown LA. Somayah, who grows cannabis for medical use for herself, and other medical patients who hold letters from physicians was arrested for four LAPD narcotics police who said she had too many plants, she grew 30, all small except for two large, and that the letter she showed them was dated 1997! One of the police was an officer she had lodged a complaint against with the city council.Recently she petitioned the city council in her district to be aware of her legal pharm. She is being held on $50,000 bond. She said the jail is very cold, and we do not think she has her medicine. Somayah suffers from sickle cell desease, a very painful ailment, and she uses cannabis to relieve the pain. She can go to the Veterans Administration any time for morphine. She greatly prefers cannabis. We have attempted to contact Kenny Kahn who halp here previously. Also, Scott Imler is trying to find some legal assistance for her. Her brother Agile is trying to contact both Kenny Kahn and Bruce Margolin. If you can offer assistance or suggestions, please add to this thread. Sincerely, Brenda Kershenbaum
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bestselling Author to Call for Lungren's Impeachment At Libertarian Party Forum (PRNewswire says Peter McWilliams, the No. 1 bestselling author, medical marijuana patient, activist, and defendant, will call for Attorney General Dan Lungren's impeachment at a Libertarian Party forum to be held Wednesday, Oct. 14, in Arcadia.)From: GDaurer@aol.com Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 00:28:06 EDT To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Bestselling Author to Call for Lungren's Impeachment At Libertarian Party Forum Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Bestselling Author to Call for Lungren's Impeachment At Libertarian Party Forum LOS ANGELES, Oct. 8 /PRNewswire/ -- Peter McWilliams, #1 bestselling author of "Ain't Nobody's Business if You Do," "How to Survive the Loss of a Love," and "The Personal Computer Book," will call for Attorney General Dan Lungren's impeachment at a Libertarian Party forum to be held Wednesday, October 14th. McWilliams, 48, was diagnosed with AIDS and non-Hodgkins lymphoma in March 1996. He uses medical marijuana to combat the nausea caused by his life- saving medical treatments and is an outspoken advocate of medical marijuana. In his speech, entitled "Why Attorney General Lungren Should Be Impeached," McWilliams will argue that Lungren -- the Republican Party candidate for governor of California -- has not upheld his oath of office to defend the people of California against "all enemies, foreign and domestic." McWilliams maintains that the federal government is, in his case, a "domestic enemy." On December 17, 1997, nine Drug Enforcement Agency and IRS agents entered McWilliams's home in Los Angeles, handcuffed him, went through virtually every piece of paper in the house, and confiscated his personal computer which contained almost two years' worth of work on medical marijuana. More recently, on July 23rd, McWilliams and eight others were arrested and charged with conspiracy to grow marijuana plants. McWilliams was held in federal custody for four weeks before being freed on $250,000 bail. If convicted, he faces up to 10 years in jail. Also in his speech, McWilliams will argue that Lungren has failed to "adequately" and "uniformly" enforce the Compassionate Use Act -- which voters approved as Proposition 215 in November, 1996 -- in violation of Article V, Section 13 of the California Constitution. Prop. 215 made the use of medical marijuana legal in California. Attorney General Lungren has been invited to the forum to respond to McWilliams's comments. "Peter McWilliams is an exciting, vibrant speaker, and we are honored and privileged to host his speech," said Dennis Decherd, chair of the Foothills (Pasadena area) Libertarian Party. McWilliams joined the Libertarian Party after giving a rousing speech that was broadcast nationwide on C-SPAN at the 1998 Libertarian National Convention in July. Time and location of the forum is Wednesday, October 14th, 8 PM, at the Arcadia Elks Club, 27 W. Huntington Drive, Arcadia. For further information: Dennis Decherd, (562) 949-0595. SOURCE Libertarian Party of California CO: Libertarian Party of California ST: California IN: SU: CPN 10/08/98 11:09 EDT http://www.prnewswire.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- California Medical Association Protests Unauthorized Use of Physicians' Names in Medical Marijuana Case (A CMA Alert says US District Court Judge Charles Breyer granted the association's request to protect the confidentiality of doctors who had recommended medical marijuana to members of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, disclosed by attorneys during the discovery process for the federal lawsuit against the OCBC and other northern California dispensaries. Dr. Tod H. Mikuriya says the CMA's court brief is the first occasion since the passage of Proposition 215 the organization has been actively involved with its implementation.) From: "sburbank" (email@example.com) To: "DPFOR" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DPFOR: Fw: CMA Enters the Fray Date: Tue, 13 Oct 1998 08:01:10 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Thought you'd want to know, Sandee *** From: Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D. (email@example.com) To: Jim Carroway (firstname.lastname@example.org); Robert Raich (email@example.com) Subject: CMA Enters the Fray Date: Tuesday, October 13, 1998 5:05 AM In the October 8 Issue of CMA Alert CMA PROTESTS UNAUTHORIZED USE OF PHYSICIANS' NAMES IN MEDICAL MARIJUANA CASE U.S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer granted the request CMA made in an amicus curiae brief to protect the confidentiality of medical information. In United States of America v. Cannabis Cultivator's Club, et al, the federal government seeks to close six medical marijuana buyers clubs, including the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative. As part of its defense, the Oakland club disclosed the names of dozens of physicians who allegedly discussed or recommended medicinal marijuana to patients who purchased the drug from the club. CMA asked the court to remove all confidential medical information, including physicians' names, from public documents and to issue a protective order to prevent improper use of such information. "No good purpose could possibly be served by exposing physicians to embarrassment, harassment, or possible prosecution," the brief stated. On Monday, after reading CMA's brief, the judge issued the protective order. *** The California Medical Association for the first time since the passage of Health and Safety Code 11362.5 became actively involved with implementation and compliance with the new law. While CMA called for a downscheduling of cannabis in federal policy they have not involved the organization in any of the many court cases since the passage of the California Compassionate Use Act of 1996. This is an important development as it recognizes the threats to California physician made by ONDCP director Barry McCaffrey 12-30-96. For me, personally, it means I will renew my membership in CMA which was on probationary status with me for opposition to Prop 215 and inaction after Health and Safety Code 11362.5 became law. CMA Counsel is Alice Mead 415-882-5136 Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marine helicopter mechanics arrested in drug probe (The Associated Press says six US Marines at Camp Pendleton in California were arrested for alleged marijuana and steroid use. Five of the Marines arrested were helicopter mechanics and the other worked at Camp Pendleton's substance abuse control center and allegedly helped Marines alter the results of their drug tests.) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: Marine helicopter mechanics arrested in drug probe Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 20:31:56 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Marine helicopter mechanics arrested in drug probe Associated Press, 10/08/98 21:10 CAMP PENDLETON, Calif. (AP) - Six Marines were arrested for alleged marijuana and steroid use - including a helicopter mechanic who ``sometimes came to work stoned,'' authorities said Thursday. Five of the Marines arrested were helicopter mechanics; the other worked at Camp Pendleton's substance abuse control center and allegedly helped Marines alter the results of their drug tests, said 1st Lt. Eric Dent, a Camp Pendleton spokesman. The Marines arrested appeared in military court Wednesday for the civilian equivalent of a bail hearing. Lt. Bill Bartolomea, an attorney for the Marines' helicopter squadron, told a military magistrate that one of the mechanics, a lance corporal, was a chronic marijuana user who smoked daily and ``sometimes comes to work stoned.'' ``This is a Marine who is working on aircraft that we are flying,'' he said. The mechanics worked on UH-1N Huey and AH-1W Super Cobra helicopters as part of Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 169. They were released from the base brig to return to their command, but would be restricted, Dent said. ``They're not allowed to work on aircraft until the investigation is complete,'' Dent said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- We're All Criminals (An op-ed in California's New Times discusses the ubiquity of speeders, underage drinkers, tax cheaters, litterbugs, jaywalkers, pot smokers and other scofflaws. "We break laws because human beings make mistakes and errors in judgment; we defy laws that we don't believe are just.") Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 07:26:43 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: We're All Criminals Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison Source: (1) NewTimes (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://newtimes-slo.com/ Pubdate: Thur to Thur;Oct 8 - 15, 1998 Source: (2) San Luis Obispo County NewTimes (CA) Section: Cover Story Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.newtimes-slo.com/frntpg.html Author: Tiffany Heppe, Richard Jackoway, and Steven T. Jones. (Lea Aschkenas, Mark Hartz contributed to this report.) (Note: search on 'love of pot' to locate drug law reform portion) WE'RE ALL CRIMINALS A Look at the Most-Broken Laws and Why SLO County Residents Don't Mind Risking Arrest Most of us like to think that we're upstanding, moral, and law-abiding citizens. But the reality is that nearly everyone every day breaks the law, generally in a knowing willing way. Some of these infractions, like speeding, are broken with regularity by most of us. Others, like pot smoking or underage drinking, have a smaller, but loyal following. So why do we break laws, facing fines and perhaps imprisonment? We decided to take a look at seven of the most frequently broken laws and see why we have become a county of scofflaws: Speeding: I Can't Drive 65 No law is as nonchalantly disregarded by so many people as the speed limit. Neither radar guns nor airplane surveillance have deterred us. Even raising the speed limit on most freeways to 65 mph hasn't slowed the number of speeders. New Times conducted a little experiment recently during the morning commute. We sent a test car out on U.S. 101 from Arroyo Grande to SLO going the speed limit. The test car was passed 51 times by all manner of vehicles--trucks, a woman with a cross dangling from her rearview mirror sped by at what must have been 80 mph, a Toyota with a Hedges for Sheriff bumper sticker, a police car (though not apparently in pursuit of the cross dangler). The test car passed a late '60s model Ford and a semi. The test driver reported that it was actually difficult to keep under 65. The natural temptation is to go "with the flow of traffic," which was zipping by anyone observing the law. So we do speed. Some on that morning commute no doubt felt the added speed was necessary to get to work on time. If they, too, were traveling from Arroyo Grande to SLO they could lop 1:29 off that 11-minute commute by speeding at 75 mph. Still others are playing the percentages, figuring with so many people speeding they're unlikely to be caught, especially if they keep it within the hypothetical 10 mph "buffer zone." Although never officially acknowledged, a long-standing bit of motorist mythology is that police won't bother ticketing a car going less than 10 mph over the posted speed limit. Should you end up in traffic court, the judge will explain that this bit of accepted wisdom has no rule in law. Of course, speeding is hardly the only rule of the road that is widely broken. Many motorists routinely follow too closely, make unsafe lane changes, fail to come to a full and complete stop at stop signs, drive without belting up, and (despite heavy fines and grave danger to life and limb) drive while under the influence. Possible penalties: Various fines apply for speeding in different zones, but if you join the 100 mph+ club and get caught you can expect a $500 fine and could get your license suspended for 30 days. The Ambiguities of Stealing Some lines, once crossed, are difficult to retrace or even to recall where or why they existed in the first place. Is there a line with stealing? Does it have an exact definition? Among those of us who claim to have never stolen, there is a general assumption that we haven't broken into cars, robbed houses, or held people up at gun-point, demanding that a purse be emptied or a wallet handed over. But the categories of stealing are many and overlapping. They range from burglary, narrowly defined as the act of stealing from a secured dwelling, to petty theft, more broadly defined as stealing (under $400) from a place that is open to the public. Then there are the more amorphous and frequently acted-out crimes of software stealing (Why pay hundreds of dollars for a program you can download yourself?) and copyright infringements (Why pay $14.99 for the Spice Girls' video when you can tape it from your friend's "illegally" wired VCRs?). Kinko's says it's illegal for a writer to make copies of an article he or she has written without the publication's permission, even though the article has the author's byline. These fringe thefts lead to all sorts of nebulous questions and stealing paranoias. If you find a watch on the sidewalk, in a space that is "open to the public," and you take the watch for yourself rather than turning it in, is this stealing? If you take, from a grocery store floor, a dented box of animal crackers that is dusty and would probably be thrown out anyway and no one sees you do it, is it really shoplifting? It's the old, "if a tree falls..." question exaggerated to the nth degree, a koan of shoplifting. If you think about it in this manner, stealing can become an art, a philosophical examination of the depths of human consciousness and reasoning. With enough extrapolation and even some karmic projection, you can justify and rename many acts of thievery. In Berkeley (the city named after the philosopher who first asked that now infamous tree-falling question), a recent confessional article published in a weekly paper heralds a new category of stealing--politically correct shoplifting. This is the reasoning behind his clan's acts of thievery: Big corporations, such as chain bookstores, are corporate thieves. They steal the flavor and unique character of a small town. They rob independent merchants of their hard-earned income. Therefore, if you steal books from Barnes & Noble, you are not exactly stealing but rather, yeah, redistributing the wealth, a Robin Hood of the '90s where we are all poor and struggling to get by so taking from the rich and putting it in our own pockets is nearly as good as handing out our (to be politically correct) "ownership-challenged" goodies to the poor. The catch here is that many of these politically correct thieves realized they were deceiving themselves when, after being caught and banned from Barnes & Noble or Crown, they were forced to hit the independents. "I didn't want to," said one. "But it had developed into an addiction." So he headed down to the neighborhood's independent bookstore which (his justification) had a reputation of being snooty with customers. After just a month of this, though, he decided to stop. He had turned a rather unsavvy klepto friend of his onto the stealing, a friend who didn't totally get the concept. This friend had gone into Andronico's (a chain, but a local one) and tried to steal a wedge of brie and a slice of chocolate cake from the deli and gotten caught. "I got worried," he said. "I saw the line between 'independent' and 'chain' blurring." He was no longer sure whether what he was doing was still recreational shoplifting or now full-blown kleptomania. So he stopped. Others steal for more basic reasons, of course. Some for food, some for drug money. Many for the thrill. But most, because they don't think they'll get caught. Consider: You're at the store, three kids in tow. You pick up a few things and your youngest grabs a bag of cookies. Upon returning home, you realize that the cookies were never scanned and hence never paid for. Was this stealing? You hadn't, after all, done it intentionally and neither did your child. Still, you could go back and pay for it. That would be the honest thing to do. But would you? Some questions are difficult to answer, some lines once crossed.... Possible penalties: Shoplifters can expect fines between $50 and $1,000 and up to six months in county jail. More serious forms of stealing lead to more serious punishments. Taxing Situations Another form of stealing is cheating on your taxes. Don't think you cheat? Think back. Did you include your Christmas bonus as income? How about that Super Bowl pool? Didn't think so. Unlike many of the crimes listed here, tax cheating is often done unwittingly. IRS forms are so complicated that some people even cheat themselves and end up paying more than they should. But if you shortchange the government, that's illegal. And even with the newly declawed IRS, you better hope that you're not caught. Of course, many tax cheats are just that: cheaters who intentionally try to hide assets or income to avoid paying their fair share. Sometimes these criminals have unwitting accomplices. Increasingly the IRS is going after ex-wives and sometimes ex-husbands who co-signed fraudulent returns prepared by their then-spouses. If you think you're safe because you pay someone to prepare you taxes, don't be so sure. In the mind of the IRS, if you sign on the line you're responsible, so make sure to go to an accredited tax preparer. Possible penalties: Expect to pay a minimum of the taxes owed, interest, and a late penalty; possibly jail time if infractions are serious and repeated. Littering the Landscape Littering is one of the most undetected and underreported crimes, according to the SLO police department. "We don't really have stats on it," says Lt. Joseph Hazouri. "We can only take action if we observe it, and it's not often that someone litters in front of a police officer." Sometimes people call in with license plate numbers of suspected litterers, but unless the witness is willing to follow through with court appearances and other legal proceedings, the case gets dropped. Despite the small number of reported incidents and the highwayside signs warning of astronomical fees, there's still thousands of pounds of litter lining the SLO County coast and highways. On last month's California Coastal Cleanup Day, volunteers unearthed 3,602 pounds of trash, including cigarette butts, a box-spring mattress, a barbecue, a car engine, dead marine animals, men and women's underwear, and condom wrappers. State park maintenance supervisor Joe Juarez says there were more cigarette butts than anything else. There was 80 percent more trash collected this year than in 1997. But that's probably more due to the doubling of volunteers this year than a dramatic increase in littering. The local guru of highway trash is Barry Kaufman, a "strolling mandolinist" by trade, who's been cleaning stretches of the highway since 1991. He contracts himself out to companies participating in "adopt-a-highway" programs. Kaufman says highway trash doesn't increase as people might expect it to. "You would think that if cars double, so would the traffic," says Kaufman, citing Caltrans statistics. "But it more than doubles because people get so frustrated and angry." "Trash increases more during certain times of the year, like summer," says Kaufman. Some of the common items he's found during his freeway ramblings include cigarettes, photographs, maps, and letters. "Most of that's got to be unintentional littering," he says. "Those are things people want." Still most people do it on the sly, and Kaufman himself has only once seen someone intentionally litter. While Kaufman was collecting trash, a couple pulled over to the side of the highway and dumped their ice cream cone. "It would be nice to be able to categorize," he says. "To say 'Oh, yeah. It's those construction workers throwing out their fast-food wrappers,' but it's really not that way." Possible penalties: In addition to a trip to the Group W bench (if you don't understand, ask Arlo Guthrie when he comes to town at the end of the month), littering can land you with a fine of between $20 and $1,000 for first offense, $100 and $1,000 for second offense. One New Times intern received a $250 fine and one-year's probation for littering with a beer bottle in downtown SLO. Why the Pedestrian Crossed the Street Santa Rosa Park in San Luis Obispo has a slew of restaurants located directly across a busy street. Many people are tempted to avoid the quarter-mile walk to the nearest crosswalk. Big Sky restaurant and Tio Alberto's are also in a tempting position, directly across from a parking lot on Broad Street. In any town in California, neighbors cross the street to visit other neighbors. Even postal workers can be seen crossing a street to deliver mail to houses on the other side. "Jaywalking" is a fact of life for most Californians. Of more than 20 people interviewed this week, not one person could honestly say he or she hadn't jaywalked. But some people may be surprised to learn that, in all the examples listed above, not one of them is really jaywalking, provided that the pedestrian yields to traffic. "Jaywalking" is a slang term used loosely to refer to pedestrian traffic violations. Some definitions are more strict than others, but no single definition can be called correct. The most common definition given on the street for jaywalking was "crossing where there is no crosswalk or traffic signal." Technically, explaining pedestrian traffic violations is much more difficult. The California Vehicle Code states that pedestrians outside a crosswalk do not have the right of way. It also states that it is illegal to cross a roadway between two signal-controlled intersections outside a marked or designated crossing area. A traffic light is a designated area, even if it does not have a marked crosswalk. When added to the Municipal Code, all business or central traffic districts require crossing to take place in a marked or designated area. Sgt. Rocky Miller of the San Luis Obispo Police Department said there are many places in the area that do not fit those guidelines. Residential areas and streets where only one light is present are not jaywalking areas. Santa Rosa Street has smaller streets flowing in between its two main intersections. Because there are no lights on these smaller streets, crossing from Santa Rosa Park is not jaywalking. Broad Street has a similar situation. Garden Alley, between Higuera and Marsh streets, separates the lighted intersections. Of course, Sgt. Miller warned residents to keep in mind that stopping traffic outside a crosswalk, regardless of the location, is illegal. "We do write tickets in this town," he said. "But it's usually for people who...stop traffic. There are a lot of violators in the central traffic and business districts. We're lucky we don't have more pedestrian-related accidents in the downtown area." All these definitions can be confusing. The restrictions can be compared to other forms of traffic regulations. When driving on a highway, licensed drivers should know that crossing a double line is illegal. The double line is similar to the restrictions placed on crossing locations. The restrictions say, "do not pass here." However, crossing a dotted line when a car is approaching from the opposite direction is also illegal. The same principal applies on a street where crossing is legal outside the crosswalk. This makes a crosswalk a pedestrian's "passing lane." Only in a marked or designated area does a pedestrian have the right of way. Many people know the rules, but choose not to obey them. "Oh, I've jaywalked," said San Luis Obispo resident David Kirkart. "It's actually kind of rare in this town to see people use the crosswalks. Cars actually stop in this town." The most common reason given for not using a crosswalk is the fact that it is safe. The second most common was that police don't ticket heavily for jaywalking on the Central Coast. Of course, the police have a few more pressing problems on their hands than to clamp down on these violators. So in the meantime, they would like to ask a favor: Be nice. Find a crosswalk. Possible penalties: Jaywalking in the business district will normally set you back between $20 and $45. For Love of Pot There is no law broken with as much righteous defiance as those prohibiting the use of marijuana. For many pot smokers, defying marijuana laws becomes a way of life, a countercultural identifier, a way of giving The Man the finger. They wear pot-leaf hats or shirts and flash defiant smiles at any frowns they receive. Others keep their habit to themselves, enjoying a toke to unwind after work. They don't fly the flag, but often secretly support the front-line potheads who do. Many are professionals that the uninitiated would never suspect--doctors, lawyers, teachers, journalists, stockbrokers, even cops--and their pot use can be either a dirty little secret, or a badge of rebellious pride, cautiously flashed. Still others will occasionally indulge, or have maybe tried it a few times, huddled with a few more experienced friends, nervously fumbling with the pipe, wearing a devious grin when they get a hit before erupting in coughing spasms. Recent federal government studies show more than 5 percent of American adults have smoked pot in the last month, while more than 70 million have tried marijuana, about a quarter of the population. Those who favor legalization of marijuana see no good reason for its prohibition, other than corporate greed, political demagoguery, judgmental moralism, social inertia, and self-serving advocacy by law enforcement agencies. The so-called War on Drugs really is a war. And like all wars, it is fought with physical combat, strategies for defeating the enemy, and propaganda campaigns designed to win the hearts and minds of the masses. The federal government spends about $14 billion per year on its army of drug warriors and all the weapons and intelligence technology they need, as well as ad campaigns. Cultivation of even one pot plant is a felony that can send its grower to prison, while being caught with a joint in California can get your driver's license taken away. Nonetheless, the 1990s have seen a resurgence of marijuana use not seen since the '60s and an unprecedented mainstream acceptance. Voters in California and two other states legalized marijuana for medical uses in 1996--even acknowledging it might be a Trojan horse for outright legalization--with the question going before voters in six more states this November. Yet the government drug warriors have only intensified their eradication efforts, with many jurisdictions (including San Luis Obispo County) continuing to treat even legal users as criminals. "There is a tremendous frustration on the medical marijuana front," says Dale Gieringer, coordinator of Califoria NORML, a chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. Pot activists who hoped Prop. 215 would de-escalate the drug war became more open about their use and growing operations, and many have been jailed as a result. For example, SLO NORML activists Tom Dunbar, Jo-D Harrison, and John and Violet McLean all face stiff prison terms after simultaneous May 14 raids on their homes. As in many other recent pot cases, the search warrant affidavits were sealed by the courts to protect undercover informants, a tool drug police are using more and more these days. Dunbar and Harrison say the post-Prop. 215 frustrations of activists have renewed the push for an outright legalization initiative, which could go before California voters as soon as 2000. Yet legal or not, people will keep smoking pot, no matter what the penalties or how aggressively we try to stop it. There are laws we break, and then there are laws we defy. We break laws because human beings make mistakes and errors in judgment; we defy laws that we don't believe are just. We break laws on the spur of the moment, snatching something we can't afford off a shelf, darting across the street during a break in traffic, leaning into the gas pedal because we're in a hurry, losing our temper at some perceived provocation. But we defy pot laws with deliberate intent, seeking it out, savoring our lawlessness. And if a Dan Lungren political ad or an anti-drug commercial are on television as we exhale our hit, it only adds to our feeling of defiant satisfaction. Possible penalties: Should you be caught in possession of 28.5 grams or less, you'll receive a fine of not more than $100; 28.5 grams or more, $500 and/or six months jail time. Possession near school grounds (grades 1-12) could net you a $500 fine and 10 days in jail. And growing that funky weed: state prison no less than one year, no more than 10 years. Youthful Vices What's legal for some of us to do, isn't for others. Want to go out for a night on the town, bar hopping, perhaps take someone home for a little horizontal gymnastics and a post-coital cigarette? Fine, if you and your partner have traveled around the sun 18 times. If not, you could be guilty of a variety of offenses, some that could send you to the slammer. Not that the long arm of the law has pulled many teens back from the lure of vice. Underage smoking, drinking, and mating are all on the upswing, if you can believe the surveys. Not to sound like a certain president, but just what is sex anyway? We all know that a 30-year-old man who has intercourse with jail bait is headed for some big-time legal problems. But what of the 19-year-old who is guilty of some heavy petting with a 17-year-old in the back seat of dad's car? In the old baseball analogy, almost everyone is familiar with a homerun. But what about third base? Is hitting a triple grounds for jail time? What about a ground-rule double? Or the 15-year-old kid who goes out and gets a pack of cigarettes. Is he breaking the law by smoking them, or is the person who sold them to him responsible? What if he's pounding a beer with that smoke? Therein lies the rub. People have an idea as to what constitutes the law, but are unfamiliar with the specifics. In fact, many of the specifics seem to change over the years. In the 1800s, people could be legally married when they were 14 or 15. Even up until the mid-'80s, 18-year-olds could go to the store and buy beer. As recent as 1992, 16-year-old kids could buy cigarettes back East. Nowadays, kids need parental supervision to do anything before they are 18. Were the teenagers of a few years ago more mature? Did lawmakers see the folly of their ways and realize kids need to grow up before they can make rational decisions as to whether or not they can smoke that cigarette, drink that beer, or take that roll in the sack? Supposedly, 16-year-olds are mature enough to get behind the wheel of a car, but can't handle the addictive power of a cigarette; 18-year-olds can vote for a philandering president, but can't celebrate that win with a gin and tonic at the local bar. New laws to protect kids are being created each year, and new programs are being formed to educate teens on the problems associated with drinking, smoking, and sex. But do they work, or do teens think adults are just giving them a hard time? "The community might think we're playing date police," Deputy District Attorney Kate Philpot said. "That's not what we're doing." Philpot heads a special task force that prosecutes adults who have sex with minors. The laws that define statutory rape are a little blurry as well. A felony charge can be filed if the adult is three years older than the teen. A misdemeanor charge is levied in cases where the adult is less than three years older. A felony gets offenders prison time; a misdemeanor carries a jail sentence. "A lot of it is discretionary," she said. She said she takes a variety of factors into consideration before deciding on whether to prosecute a felony charge. Factors include drug use with the minor, prior record, and multiple victims. There were 27 felony statutory rape convictions and 11 misdemeanor convictions filed in SLO County last fiscal year. A 1996 survey, conducted by a collaboration of the San Luis Obispo County Office of Education's Drug, Alcohol, Tobacco Education Program, the school districts of San Luis Obispo County, San Luis Obispo Tobacco Control, and San Luis Obispo County Drug and Alcohol Services, said that SLO County youths smoke more and binge drink (consuming more than five drinks in one sitting) more than any other county in California. Kids will be kids, and then, when they turn 18, they are magically initiated into the rites of adulthood. They can even smoke a cigarette and have sex with a 50-year-old. Then, when they turn 21, they can legally celebrate that passage into adulthood with a drink. Possible penalties: Judges have discretion in dealing with minors, but don't expect your youth to get you off. Kids caught with smokes can expect to pay $75 or do 30 hours of community service. Underage drinkers can expect to do 40 hours of community service and attend an alcohol awareness program. If under 18, parents must pay for program, if deemed financially able. In the case of underage sex, it's the "grownup" who will pay the price, which will be not more than one year in state prison or county jail if you're under 21. Have sex with a person under 16 if you're over 21 and you could do up to four years in state prison. And you'll pay, too. If the minor is less than two years younger, $2,000; at least two years younger, $5,000; at least three years younger, $10,000; and for over 21/under 16 sex, $25,000.
------------------------------------------------------------------- CIA Didn't Always Report Contractors' Alleged Drug-Dealing (The San Jose Mercury News says the Central Intelligence Agency disclosed in a report released Thursday that it failed to alert Congress or law enforcement about allegations of drug dealing by some of its hired hands during the 1980s secret war against the Marxist government of Nicaragua.) Date: Sun, 11 Oct 1998 15:45:07 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: CIA Didn't Always Report Contractors' Alleged Drug-Dealing Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 8 Oct 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Pete Carey, Mercury News Staff Writer CIA DIDN'T ALWAYS REPORT CONTRACTORS' ALLEGED DRUG-DEALING The Central Intelligence Agency failed to alert Congress or law enforcement about allegations of drug dealing by some of its hired hands during the 1980s secret war against the Marxist government of Nicaragua, the agency disclosed in a report released Thursday. The report, by the CIA's Office of the Inspector General, adds weight to long-held suspicions that the agency sometimes looked the other way when it learned of drug-dealing by some of the people it used on a contract basis in the Contra war. Some of the material has come out before in a U.S. Senate investigation and in various press accounts during and since the 1980s, including recent leaks about this report. During the 1980s, the CIA received allegations of drug-trafficking on the part of several dozen Contra-related individuals and one Contra organization, the inspector general's report states. Sometimes the agency investigated the allegations of drug-running, broke off ties with the individuals and alerted other law enforcement agencies. In other cases, it did not, the report shows. However, investigators found no information that the CIA or its employees ``conspired with or assisted Contra-related organizations or individuals in drug trafficking to raise funds for the Contras or for any other purpose.'' The report did not try to verify the allegations, which range from unverified accusations in Sandinista publications to cables to CIA headquarters from worried CIA officers working with the Contras in Central America. Details of the report The inspector general reported that: ``The CIA acted inconsistently'' in handling allegations of drug trafficking. ``In six cases, CIA knowledge of allegations or information indicating that organizations or individuals had been involved in drug trafficking did not deter their use or employment by the CIA.'' The agency also failed to notify Congress about eight of 10 Contra-related individuals about whom the CIA had received drug-trafficking allegations or information, the inspector general reported. The CIA notified U.S. law enforcement of allegations of drug-trafficking by 25 Contra-related people, but did not pass on information about 11 other Contra-related people and ``assets.'' Agency was suspicious The report describes the agency's suspicions about a variety of operatives and contractors who assisted it in some way during the Contra war. Among them was Eden Pastora, commander of a tiny anti-Sandinista army operating out of Costa Rica. The agency broke off relations with Pastora and reported him to U.S. law enforcement after receiving numerous allegations of drug-trafficking by members of his group, but continued dealing with some of the people around him, the report says. A Central American CIA chief of station recalled that there was a group of ``ne'er-do-well'' people with criminal histories around Pastora. ``Some were scoundrels,'' the CIA official said, but ``we were going to play with these guys. That was made clear by (CIA Chief William) Casey and (then-L.A. Division Chief Duane) Clarridge.'' The inspector general's investigation followed publication of a series in the San Jose Mercury News. The series, ``Dark Alliance,'' described a California drug ring run by two Nicaraguan Contra sympathizers and strongly suggested that the drug dealers were protected from prosecution by the CIA or other government agencies. A previous report by the CIA inspector general found that the drug ring had no connection with the CIA. The Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General, which also conducted an investigation, found no substantiation for the key claims in the series. Jerry Ceppos, executive editor of the Mercury News, later wrote a column saying the series did not meet the paper's standards in some respects. IF YOU'RE INTERESTED The inspector general's report is available online at www.cia.gov/cia/publications/cocaine2
------------------------------------------------------------------- Boot-camp-style Ranch Gets OK For New License (An Associated Press article in The San Jose Mercury News says that, less than a week after a grand jury indicted five former workers at the Arizona Boys Ranch on child abuse and manslaughter charges in connection with the death of Nicholaus Contreraz, 16, of Sacramento, California, the Arizona Department of Economic Security allowed the facility to renew its operating license.)Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 20:25:03 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US AZ: Boot-camp-style Ranch Gets OK For New License Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Associated Press BOOT-CAMP-STYLE RANCH GETS OK FOR NEW LICENSE The Arizona Department of Economic Security reached agreement Wednesday with the Arizona Boys Ranch, allowing the troubled juvenile-offender rehabilitation program to renew its operating license in exchange for significant changes. Nicholaus Contreraz, 16, of Sacramento, died under its care March 2, and last Thursday, a Pinal County grand jury indicted five former Boys Ranch workers on child abuse and manslaughter charges. Arraignment is set for Oct. 23. In August, the department said it was not approving the Boys Ranch's annual license renewal application. Boys Ranch officials filed an appeal with the Arizona Office of Administrative Hearings, and a hearing was set for Tuesday. Meanwhile, negotiations to renew the license continued on a parallel track. Department officials said the agreement reached Wednesday commits Arizona Boys Ranch to a number of significant changes. Chief among them: zero tolerance for abuse of the delinquent and troubled youth in its care and custody. At its height, the Arizona Boys Ranch provided housing, schooling and intense rehabilitation for up to 600 juvenile offenders at seven campuses statewide. The appeal will be stayed but not dismissed, and the department will closely monitor Boys Ranch operations to assure that the changes are made and adhered to, assistant director James Hart said. Earlier this year, California and Arizona investigators said they found a pattern of abuse in Nicholaus' death at the facility's boot camp-style training camp near Oracle. ``In the agreement it says if there are any additional instances of abuse, we would act not only on those but on everything we have in our files, and their history of abuse,'' Hart said. Hart, one of the department's two chief negotiators in the talks that resulted in the settlement agreement, said new Boys Ranch officials, including chairman Robert H. Johnson, brought a commitment to change. Copyright 1998 Associated Press. All rights reserved.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Militants, Activists Post Reward For Ex-Officer (The Houston Chronicle says The New Black Muslim Movement doesn't trust Houston police to find ex-narcotics officer Rex Gates, so it has offered a $500 reward. Kofi Taharka of the Black United Front and Travis Morales, a member of the national council of La Resistencia, denounced the case of Gates, who is white, calling police handling of the ex-officer an example of bias. Morales suggested Gates being allowed to get away might mean the ex-officer had "the goods" on corrupt officers.)Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 21:29:57 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: Militants, Activists Post Reward For Ex-Officer Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chron.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Author: John Makeig MILITANTS, ACTIVISTS POST REWARD FOR EX-OFFICER Groups `don't trust police to catch him' Calling Houston police untrustworthy, three activist organizations posted a $500 reward Wednesday for anyone who leads them to ex-narcotics officer Rex Gates. "We want to talk to him," Quannell X of the New Black Muslim Movement said outside the Houston Police Department substation at 2202 St. Emanuel, where Gates once worked. "We don't trust the police to catch him." The case of Gates, 32, a nine-year officer who disappeared in mid-September, has touched off rumors, warnings and lamentations since last month when police formally began looking for him. The search began Sept. 25 -- a day after Gates' resignation -- after an officer allegedly saw him buying six rocks of crack cocaine worth $60 from a dope dealer in the 1900 block of Miller. When Gates' red Jeep was stopped later, he told the officer he was "back on the job." Thinking Gates was still an officer doing undercover work, the policeman who stopped him let Gates depart that day. Subsequent checks led police to suspect the ex-officer has "gone bad." Police now have been told "to exercise caution" if they come into contact with him. Quannell X, Kofi Taharka of the Black United Front and Travis Morales, a member of the national council of La Resistencia, denounced the case of Gates,who is white, at the news conference, calling police handling of the ex-officer an example of bias. Had the ex-officer been a black policeman and was caught in the same situation, or if his alleged misdeeds had happened in an exclusive white neighborhood, Quannell X said, Gates would have gone straight to jail. Morales suggested Gates being allowed to depart might mean the ex-officer had "the goods" on corrupt officers in the substation. Quannell X distributed copies of what he called an internal police memo about Gates' actions. Quannell X said he got the memo from "a (police) source I cannot name." It describes how Gates simply quit coming to work, and then returned to tell a supervisor he was having a bad reaction from taking a pain killer and an anti-depressant. When the supervisor told Gates to take a drug test, the memo said, the officer resigned. Police spokesman Robert Hurst, shown a copy of the unsigned memo, said it is not an official document. Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle
------------------------------------------------------------------- Two arrested in alleged city hall drug ring (An Associated Press article in The Miami Herald says the chief computer programmer and a payroll clerk for the city of Gary, Indiana, were accused Wednesday of running a cocaine ring that made drug deals out of City Hall.) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (email@example.com) To: "-News" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: 2 arrested in alleged IN city hall drug ring Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 20:16:05 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Published Thursday, October 8, 1998, in the Miami Herald 2 arrested in alleged city hall drug ring GARY, Ind. -- (AP) -- The city's chief computer programmer and a payroll clerk were accused Wednesday of running a cocaine ring that made drug deals out of City Hall. The two used city phones and delivered drugs on their lunch breaks, the FBI said. Arthur L. Harris and his girlfriend, payroll clerk Karen Laverne Shivers, were arrested Monday. Agents found about $6,000 in cash, six ounces of crack, plus powdered cocaine and drug paraphernalia in their two apartments.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Farmer gets five-year term on drug charges (An Associated Press article in the The Star Tribune says Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, Circuit Judge Henry Buslee sentenced Calvin Pluim Thursday after prohibition agents searched his barn and found 14 hay-like bales of marijuana weighing 843 pounds, 37 sealed paper bags of marijuana, 14 pairs of pruning shears, chest freezers, scales, grow lights and a 2-pound bag of marijuana cookies.) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: Farmer gets five-year term on drug charges Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 19:39:05 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com Source: The Star Tribune Pubdate: Thursday, October 8, 1998 Online: http://webserv1.startribune.com Writer: AP Farmer gets five-year term on drug charges FOND DU LAC, Wis. (AP) -- A farmer was sentenced to a five-year prison term Thursday on drug charges stemming from the discovery of about 900 pounds of marijuana at his farm. Fond du Lac County Circuit Judge Henry Buslee gave Calvin Pluim, 47, the five-year prison term, plus two years of probation. Many of the defendant' s relatives attended the sentencing. Pluim had pleaded no contest to charges of manufacturing marijuana, maintaining a building where drugs are kept and an amended charge of possession with intent to deliver. A fourth charge of possession of drug paraphernalia was dismissed. Investigators were led to Pluim' s farm in the town of Oakfield last Dec. 12, after a drug bust in nearby Winnebago County. The barn contained 14 hay-like bales of marijuana weighing 843 pounds, 37 sealed paper bags of marijuana, 14 pairs of pruning shears, chest freezers, scales, grow lights and a 2-pound bag of "marijuana cookies," the criminal complaint said. The search of the home uncovered $2,914 in cash and stashes of marijuana throughout the house, the complaint said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Vote For Steinberg To Stop Drug War (A letter to the editor of The Capital Times in Madison, Wisconsin, supports the candidacy of Peter L. Steinberg for Dane County District Attorney. Steinberg will focus on prosecuting crimes of violence and property crime, rather than wasting tax dollars and ruining lives by enforcing marijuana prohibition.) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 05:21:05 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WI: PUB LTE: Vote For Steinberg To Stop Drug War Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: Capital Times, The (WI) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.madison.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 Author: Gary Storck, Madison VOTE FOR STEINBERG TO STOP DRUG WAR Dear Editor: The candidacy of Madison native Peter L. Steinberg for District Attorney presents Dane County voters with an excellent opportunity to elect a district attorney who will focus on prosecuting crimes of violence against persons and property, rather than wasting tax dollars and ruining lives by enforcing marijuana prohibition. Unlike his opponents, Steinberg understands that prohibition is wrong for many reasons, costing more and accomplishing less than legalization, and posing a serious threat to personal liberty. Peter Steinberg has not built his career on the war on drugs, as many politicians have, but instead has the courage and insight to recognize prohibition is a failure, and to give us a way out of this monstrosity on a local level. Steinberg's 20-plus years of criminal law experience make him extremely well-qualified for this position, and his fresh outlook would bring welcome changes to an office now mired in the tired rhetoric of failed prohibitionist policies. Promote rational drug policies and a safer Dane County by electing Peter L. Steinberg Dane County District Attorney on November 3rd!
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Evidence Found In Improper Search Cannot Be Used In Court (The Minneapolis Star-Tribune says the Fourth District Court of Appeals in Madison, Wisconsin, ruled 2-1 Thursday that an affidavit explaining the need for a 1996 search of Lance Ward' s home in Beloit - which yielded 5.5 pounds of marijuana and about a third of a pound of cocaine - did not provide a link between evidence of criminal activity and Ward' s home.) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 05:27:15 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US MN: Drug Evidence Found In Improper Search Cannot Be Used In Court Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 Source: Minneapolis Star-Tribune (MN) Contact: http://www.startribune.com/stonline/html/userguide/letform.html Website: http://www.startribune.com/ DRUG EVIDENCE FOUND IN IMPROPER SEARCH CANNOT BE USED IN COURT Statewire MADISON, Wis. (AP) -- A state appeals court Thursday threw out a man' s convictions on drug possession charges because a document requesting a search warrant of his home was improper. The 4th District Court of Appeals in Madison ruled 2-1 that an affidavit explaining the need for the 1996 search of Lance Ward' s home in Beloit did not provide a link between evidence of criminal activity and Ward' s home. The affidavit "did not provide a substantial basis for finding probable cause that evidence of drug dealing would likely be found at that location," the ruling states. Beloit police searched Ward' s home after receiving a tip that he supplied marijuana to dealers. Police found about 5.5 pounds of marijuana and about a third of a pound of cocaine and other drug-related evidence in the search, according to court documents. Ward was found guilty of drug possession. The appeals court reversed the conviction and sent the case back to Rock County for further proceedings, without using the drugs as evidence. Appeals court Judge Patience Roggensack dissented. The affidavit did not state that drugs were seen at Ward' s home before the search, Roggensack wrote. But it was reasonable for the judge issuing the search warrant to believe drugs would be there because informants had said Ward was an active drug dealer, the judge stated. Copyright 1998 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 61st year of marijuana prohibition (A letter to the editor of The Mountain Eagle in Tannersville, New York, notes the state does not have a voter initiative process, so the Marijuana Reform Party of New York was established to bring the issue of marijuana prohibition before New York voters, with Thomas Leighton running as the MRP candidate for governor.) Date: Sun, 11 Oct 1998 19:18:50 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US NY: PUB LTE: 61st year of marijuana prohibition Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Pubdate: Thursday, 08 Oct 1998 Source: The Mountain Eagle (Tannersville, NY) Contact: FAX (607)652-5253 1998 marks the 61st year of marijuana prohibition. In the past six decades tens of millions of otherwise law-abiding American citizens have been arrested for marijuana offenses, the vast majority for simple possession. Billions of tax dollars have been spent in a malevolent attempt to eradicate marijuana use from American society. Because marijuana is typically used in private, trampling upon the Bill of Rights has become a routine part of marijuana law enforcement (e.g., drug sniffing dogs, urine testing, phone taps, and military involvement in the marijuana war.) Reason dictates that an objective review of our marijuana laws is required; but professional politicians are loath to enter into a rational discussion of the marijuana issue for fear of appearing "soft on drugs" -- and the average citizen is afraid to speak out for fear of retribution from the "drug warriors." The constitution of the State of New York does not allow citizens to put their own initiatives on the ballot. Consequently, the Marijuana Reform Party of New York (MRP) was established as a vehicle to bring the issue of marijuana prohibition before New York voters. Thomas Leighton is the MRP candidate for governor. By voting for Tom Leighton, concerned New Yorkers can send an anonymous, yet meaningful, message to the political establishment that it's time for a change. Walter F. Wouk - president NORML in Schoharie National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dr Julian Heicklen's Trial (The Centre Daily Times says the retired Penn State professor was alternately "sobbing" and "shrill" while representing himself against marijuana possession charges. It took a jury in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, 30 minutes to convict him.)Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 15:53:46 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US PA: Dr Julian Heicklen's Trial Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Centre Daily Times (PA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.centredaily.com/ Pubdate: 8 Oct 1998 DR JULIAN HEICKLEN'S TRIAL BELLEFONTE -- A sobbing Julian Heicklen implored a jury on Wednesday to strike down the marijuana laws he was charged with breaking. "You are not here to enforce the letter of the law," Heicklen said in a shrill voice, stabbing at the air with a pointed finger for emphasis. "You are here to see that justice is done." But the jury found him guilty on drug possession charges stemming from four marijuana "smoke-outs" in downtown State College last spring, led by Heicklen to protest laws against the drug. It was the first trial on drug charges for the 66-year-old retired Penn State professor, who acted as his own attorney during the day-long event. He tried several times to put the state's marijuana laws on trial as well. "The state is trying to punish me for exercising a God-given right to own a vegetable," he said, arguing that the jury should find him innocent for this reason. But President Judge Charles C. Brown Jr. told the jury the question was much simpler. "The issues here today are whether or not Julian Heicklen smoked marijuana," he said. "Even if you don't like the law ... you must follow it." The jury took about 30 minutes to deliberate. Heicklen, wearing a two-piece suit and a "Free Julian Heicklen" button, sat impassively as the verdict was read. Heicklen was sentenced to 30 days' probation and a $500 fine for each of four marijuana possession charges. He was also ordered to pay other costs including the costs of prosecution. Heicklen said he will appeal the jury's decision. Assistant District Attorney Stephen Sloane, who prosecuted the case, said Heicklen will likely be tried again before Dec. 7 on charges stemming from two other smoke-outs. Another jury will be selected on Monday, he said. During Wednesday's trial, Heicklen's arguments ranged from the rights of the individual and the "soul of America" to the behavior of molecules during thin-layer chromatography, a method he said was used to test the marijuana seized from him. Brown frequently stopped Heick-len to explain the questions he could and could not ask of witnesses and warned him to let them finish their answers before asking his next question. The judge asked Heicklen several times to limit his questions as Heicklen cross-examined police officers about the effectiveness of chemicals used to test the marijuana cigarettes seized from him at the smoke-outs. More detailed questions followed, as Heicklen, a former chemistry professor, tried to discredit a state police forensic scientist who tested some of the marijuana seized from Heicklen. Heicklen stood before the court and held up two models meant to represent different types of molecules of THC, the psychoactive ingredient of marijuana, to show the variety of forms it can take and to argue that chemical tests of the drugs seized from him may have given false results. During closing arguments, Sloane said Heicklen has every right to protest marijuana laws but could have done it without lighting up in public. "Our families did not have to walk through dope smoke downtown in order for him to make his point," he said. *** Date: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 11:08:48 -0400 From: JF (email@example.com) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Dr. Julian Heicklen's Trial Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Hi. Dr. Heicklen had his marijuna trial yesterday. Here is the CDT article about the trial. Really this was too big for a small town jury to decide. I was at the trial all day. Heicklen directly challenged the ability of the State to even test for marijuana. The jury probably didn't care or couldn't understand the argument made. When I was interviewed by local news I said the jury lacked the courage to acquit. I know of one juror who actully smokes pot. An aquaintance (who will remain anonymous) of the juror told me he does. Likely there were more who had smoked before but it would take a lot of courage to hang the rest of the jury. It was funny because Dr. Heicklen trashed the state chemist. The chemist had virtually no knowledge of the chemical make-up of marijuana, yet he was the so called expert. In my opinion Heicklen raised reasonable doubt with regards to the testing that is used to test for marijuana. Unfortunately the whole country uses the same procedures. Such a decision against the testing procedures are most likely beyond a small town jury's understanding. Heicklen was refused his own expert witnesses by the judge. This may be grounds for the appeal since the state chemist is obviously biased. He was also not allowed to show videos of the protests where he smoke marijuana. But the fact of the matter is that no one expected the jury to acquit. This is a matter for a higher court. It also raises the public awarness. I told Dr. Heicklen that I thought it was a brave and noble deed. Here's the CDT (Centre Daily Times) e-mail: email@example.com There were many reporters there at the trial. Most were very sympathetic. Feel free to write letters to the CDT I'm sure they will print some.
------------------------------------------------------------------- A Pot Professor's Day In Court (The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette version) Date: Sat, 10 Oct 1998 20:06:34 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US PA: A Pot Professor's Day In Court Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Source: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.post-gazette.com/ Author: Tom Gibb A POT PROFESSOR'S DAY IN COURT BELLEFONTE, Pa.--Centre County President Judge Charles Brown paused, delicately felt around for the right touch of understatement, then told jurors in his courtroom yesterday they were hearing "a rather unusual case." He expected something different? The man on trial was Julian Heicklen, retired Penn State University chemistry professor - a man so incensed by marijuana laws that he repeatedly showed up at the campus gate last winter, smoked joints and preached individual rights to lunchtime crowds. When police balked at arresting him, Heicklen decided to stop back weekly and light up until they did. And they did - four times, for possessing small amounts of marijuana. So, yesterday was his day in court. And for Heicklen, it was showtime. This was Julian Heicklen, 66-year-old iconoclast, social activist since adolescence, a gradual convert from liberalism to libertarianism. On his suit lapel, this lanky, gray-haired man wore a baseball-size button emblazoned with a marijuana leaf and the words, "Free Julian Heicklen." He stood at the defense table, microphone in hand, and called Brown "an inveterate liar." He brandished sticks and Styrofoam balls, fashioned into 2-foot replicas of the molecules of marijuana's active ingredient - and quizzed a state police chemist until Brown ordered the models put away. "This is a political trial. The state is trying to punish me for exercising my God-given right to own a vegetable," Heicklen told jurors. "Your decision will influence the future of this country, whether we become a free country or continue to live in tyranny." It took them 25 minutes. They found him guilty. Heicklen warned jurors he was an old man who could be headed to prison. Brown fined him $2,000 and put him on 120 days probation. "This is the most trivial, minor charge you can be charged with," Assistant District Attorney Stephen Sloane told jurors. "The commonwealth doesn't want that man in jail." At least for now. Fresh from telling jurors that he spent nine months and $10,000 on his fight, Heicklen pledged to appeal. And sometime between now and December, he's supposed to go to trial again - this time for smoking marijuana during a protest on the courthouse steps. The thing of it is, Heicklen says he doesn't even like marijuana, and he doesn't really fathom any of this hullabaloo about getting high. He told jurors that around marijuana he is a prime "Bogarter" - a la Humphrey Bogart, waving his cigarettes more than smoking them. And he lights up only at protests, he said. "You have the right to do stupid things as long as you don't hurt anybody else," Heicklen said. "Marijuana isn't the message. It's the messenger." Heicklen is an internationally known chemist, a world-class bridge player, and, Rabbi Jonathan Brown of State College told the jury, an honest guy who oversees his congregation's cemetery committee and sometimes conducts services. He's also a lifelong activist, with civil disobedience dating back to an arrest at a civil rights sit-in in California three decades ago. So when Heicklen deemed marijuana laws an evil that were glutting the prison systems, be brought together his own band of libertarians with foes of marijuana laws. In court, Heicklen had an entourage of about a dozen supporters, most of them near college age. He also had the guts - if that's what it was - to confine two lawyers to the status of unofficial advisers and argue his case himself, often fumbling his way through courtroom procedure. What Heicklen lacked in gloss, though, he made up for in brass. When Brown decided Heicklen was getting windy and told him to end his questioning, Heicklen snapped, "This is a court proceeding. It isn't a timed event." When it was over yesterday, Heicklen hardly seemed fazed - albeit just a trifle more cautious. "The smokeouts will continue," he pledged. "What my role is, that's up in the air."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ibogaine experience from the ibogaine list (A list subscriber forwards an alcoholic's first-person account of his use of the psychotropic African plant to overcome his addiction.) From: HSLotsof@aol.com Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 19:55:22 EDT To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Ibogaine experience from the ibogaine list Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org The following was posted to the ibogaine list and thought you might have interest. Howard http://www.ibogaine.org *** I finally was able to take my ibogaine treatment about ten weeks ago after months of waiting. I will recount the highlights of what I can recall of the session. While I was awake for about 36 hours, there were periods of what seemed to be blackouts or time lapses. Though I thought I slept at times, my guide told me I was awake throughout. The stuff really made the hours go by slowly. In the late afternoon, I took compazine (for nausea prevention) and one of four large capsules of the ibo to see how well I tolerated it.. I was especially concerned about nausea after hearing of some very unpleasant experiences. After about a half hour I took the remainder. I experienced absolutely zero stomach upset, thankfully. I lay back very still and waited. The first effects were a body glow and subtle pastel blue and pink swirls. I lay motionless, taking it all in. It built to a huge crescendo to a point of a time lapse. I then began to experience the snapshot effect: little memories of my life in flashes went flowing through both sides of my mind in a streaming effect . It rose to a very intense "peak" that seemed to go on endlessly. I was somewhat disappointed that I didn't experience the video effect recalling my life. I was instead propelled into a bizarre parallel world where I didn't know anyone. It seemed to be in the future. There were vast numbers of people mobbed in the streets, placing bets on spectacular fireworks displays. I was part of a small group that promoted and M.C.'d the displays. Weird. It was all nighttime; never any daylight. Some of the individuals that I met were quite amusing; my guide told me I had laughed out loud and chuckled several times. No one seemed to have their own home - it was all communal living. I was somewhat of a wanderer. At another point it seemed like the end of the world - crumbling houses with people jammed into them sleeping on piles of old clothing. Campfire meals with packaged food long out of code. Many people were very old with their bodies literally falling apart. These types of images endured endlessly. I was encased in the ibo machine, something like an iron lung, mechanically humming and pulsating. At about eight hours (it seemed much longer) I said "I wish I could turn this off! This is so strong!" At last I saw the "grand finale" of the fireworks come and I lapsed into another blackout period. This is indeed a potent substance. Though much different, it reminded me why I quit taking acid years ago. The next morning I felt very drained and exhausted. I had lost a day; I was convinced it was Sunday morning, but it was still Saturday. I was hoping I would quit smoking cigarettes as well, but felt it necessary for a smoke after fighting the urge for quite awhile. (I have since learned that nicotine addiction is sometimes arrested 4-8 months after treatment.) I was beginning to wonder "is that all?" but there was was much more to come. I began to look for the cause of my addiction - scanning inside my body I discovered a defective gene. Attached to it was a glowing green tag labeled "defective". I wanted to clip it off, but I was afraid of causing more damage. Just what I need. Searching for its origin, the skulls of my ancestors flashed through my mind and I traced the anomaly back to a man on my father's side in the mid sixteenth century. The most immediate healing period came that afternoon, having a very intense talk with my guide regarding my wife and child. I was able to process a lot of emotional garbage that had been holding me back for months. I was finally able to forgive myself for abandoning them in favor of drinking. I also came to realize how deeply I love my wife, much more than I was consciously aware of. I made verbal amends, and made an affirmation that I would not continue this lifestyle any longer. I was also able to deal with my previously unknown fear of aging and not having enough time left in my life to start over. It was a very tearful, exhausting process. That night I became convinced, though it didn't really happen, that a man and a woman had come into the room to sleep. My guide told me I had a one sided conversation with them, recounting my experiences. I tried to get a light for my cigarette from the woman, but the light kept retracting. Fancy that. At another point, I was told it sounded like I took telephone sales order. At dawn, as the room began to lighten, I had a distinct image of being reborn. A large pair of hands appeared, sculpting a lump of clay into an infant. From the infant a vaporous image of myself arose and drifted into the wall. Soon after this I finally went into a light sleep. The effects had largely diminished with exception of peripheral light flashes after 48 hours had elapsed. I rested, reflected, and ate like a champ for the next few days before returning home. This process was a grueling ordeal; intensely hard work. It was worth every second of it. While I can draw some direct parallels from the session, some aspects make no sense at all. I've been assured that this is normal and really doesn't matter. I am pleased to say that I haven't experienced any craving or had any desire to use alcohol or any other drug since I was treated and have been clean ever since. (Still smokin' though.) My friends and family have noticed a radical change in my actions, attitude and outlook. (After a meeting at a support group: "Dood, you sound *different*!) My mother, who was fearful that the treatment was some form of an internet cult, is amazed at the results. I have a new feeling of clarity as to which direction to take my life in. Things are slowly getting better: finances, employment, living situation, the feeling that it is indeed not too late to start over. The depression has lifted. I am visiting my son on a regular basis. I still have a substantial amount of work to do repairing finances and relationships, but I'm chipping away at it a little at a time. The difference today is I have the utter confidence my life will continue to improve and I can and will stay clean. I am eternally grateful to all the folks who helped make it happen.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Josette Shiner Vs. Bonnie Erbe - Medicinal Marijuana (An op-ed syndicated by Scripps Howard News Service featuring a debate between reefer madness proselytizer Josette Shiner, president of Empower America, and Bonnie Erbe of the Public Broadcasting Service's "To the Contrary.") Date: Sun, 11 Oct 1998 16:26:00 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Wire: OPED: Josette Shiner Vs. Bonnie Erbe: Medicinal Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Scripps Howard News Service Copyright: 1998 Scripps Howard Pubdate: 8 Oct 1998 Note: Bonnie Erbe is host of the PBS program "To the Contrary." Josette Shiner is president of Empower America. JOSETTE SHINER VS. BONNIE ERBE: MEDICINAL MARIJUANA Bonnie Erbe is host of the PBS program "To the Contrary." Josette Shiner is president of Empower America. -- QUESTION: This fall there are six states and the District of Columbia with ballot initiatives seeking voter approval of raw marijuana for unrestricted medical use. Should these initiatives be adopted? JOSETTE SHINER: The nation's capital has joined Oregon, Nevada, Alaska, Colorado, Arizona and Washington state on the front lines of the battle to legalize hard drugs. Marijuana cafes in the shadow of the Capitol dome? It's possible. Just look what happened in California when voters approved a similar initiative. The rationale behind these initiatives is compassion for the sick and suffering. But already the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana -- THC -- is available in pill form under the name Marinol. In addition, research efforts are under way to discover whether there are additional properties within the plant that would have medical value. Such scientific research is, and should be, widely supported. But the movement and money behind these initiatives has shown little concern for science. Drug legalization is their goal. In California, where marijuana was legalized as medicine in 1996, the dispensing of pot through a "primary care-giver" triggered the widespread commercial sale of the narcotic in the famous cannabis buyers clubs. Dr. Gary Cohan of Los Angeles, whose practice focuses on the treatment of AIDS, put it this way: "If your doctor recommends marijuana as treatment, you've got a lousy doctor." What do we know about marijuana? We know it causes the same changes in brain chemistry as heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine and alcohol. We know that marijuana "primes" the brain for other drugs -- the "gateway effect." We know marijuana impairs the skills related to attention, memory and learning. And we know marijuana use among high school seniors has increased 300 percent since 1992. Joseph Califano, the secretary of health, education and welfare under President Carter, opposed such initiatives saying: "Teens who smoke pot are 85 times likelier to use drugs such as cocaine than those who have never done so." Let's not offer snake oil to the sick, send the wrong message to children and open the door to drug legalization -- especially in our nation's capital. BONNIE ERBE: The war on drugs is the most wasteful big-government program the federal and state governments have ever waged. And yet conservatives love it. Talk about hypocrisy, especially when it comes to marijuana use for those in medical need. Would the anti-drug crowd rather see AIDS patients drink themselves into incoherent stupors to ease the pain? Why don't those who rail against marijuana use want to see a ban on alcohol sales or tobacco use? Those drugs are infinitely more harmful to people than marijuana, and yet not a peep from them in that respect. Legalizing marijuana use for the sick seems the least we can do to assuage the suffering of people with AIDS and cancer. Not only does it dull pain without risk of addiction (as opposed to opiate-based substances), it also stimulates appetite, something patients who are wasting away badly need. Our prison population is the highest in the world. Recent Justice Department compilations on the numbers of those in federal and state jails total close to one point three million Americans. According to NORML (the National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws), one-third of those being sentenced to jail time are non-violent drug offenders. The war on drugs has cost taxpayers more than $100 billion over the past decade, including billions spent by state and local governments on jail-building. We all know it costs more to send a young man to prison than it does to send him to Harvard. Do we really want to spend precious resources prosecuting not only the young and foolish who smoke pot, but also the elderly, disabled and sick? The fact is, if medical science had a good alternative to marijuana use for AIDS and cancer patients, it would be out there and widely available. It does not exist. That's why if voters in the District of Columbia and the states vote to legalize marijuana for medical use next month, they're making the right move.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Congress, Clinton Deny Financial Aid to Non-Violent Drug Offenders (A bulletin from the Drug Policy Foundation notes President Clinton yesterday signed the Higher Education Act of 1998, which also expands coerced treatment and drug testing.) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 15:05:04 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Drug Policy News Service" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: Press Release: Congress, Clinton Deny Financial Aid to Non-Violent Drug Offenders (10/8/98) Congress, Clinton Deny Financial Aid to Non-Violent Drug Offenders New Education Law Singles Out Drug Offenders, Expands Coerced Treatment and Drug Testing Released October 8, 1998 Contact: Rob Stewart or Scott Ehlers WASHINGTON, D.C. President Clinton signed the Higher Education Act of 1998 yesterday. The Drug Policy Foundation objects to a provision in the law automatically denying student loans to convicted drug offenders. DPF issued the following statement: "The Higher Education Act's denial of student loans to convicted drug offenders proves that drug laws can ruin a person's life more thoroughly than drug use. It continues the government's 'harm maximization' drug policy by cutting off education for those who may benefit most from it. "The new law is unfair because it singles out drug offenders from other convicted criminals. If someone can serve time for more serious offenses, such as murder or robbery, and still be eligible for a student loan, then it is discriminatory to deny the same privilege to the non-violent drug offender who has served time or paid the fine. "Unfortunately, an unintended effect of this ban will be that minorities will find it harder to finance their education. African-Americans make up 13 percent of illegal drug users, but they make up 55 percent of convictions for drug possession. The targeting of minority communities by drug enforcement will inevitably result in fewer African-Americans and Latinos receiving financial aid. "Although it gives first-time offenders and, in some cases, second-time offenders another chance, the Act's provision requires potential loan applicants to pass a drug treatment program and two drug tests to requalify. There are problems with both of these requirements: "Drug treatment is a specialized response; it is not for all drug users, let alone everyone convicted of a drug offense (since sellers are not always users). Yet, the provision would put a person into the already overburdened drug treatment system without proof that he or she has a drug problem. Many drug dealers would be better off with legal economic opportunities, not drug treatment. For those who have been convicted of simple possession, the law may inappropriately mandate treatment and drug testing in cases where the potential student no longer uses illegal drugs. "By requiring the applicant to pass two drug tests, the Act impinges on citizens' Fourth Amendment protections. Drug tests conducted without any probable cause of wrongdoing are in danger of violating the Fourth Amendment's ban on 'unreasonable searches,' especially when the subject is an adult. Convicted drug offenders should not have a lower expectation of privacy when they have already paid their debt to society. "The Higher Education Act's denial of loans to convicted drug offenders is an unreasonable response to the drug problem in America. Because current drug laws are very difficult to enforce, the government has resorted to refusing benefits to an arbitrarily defined subsection of Americans. The government's goal is to 'send the right message,' but the message will be indelibly marred by the widespread infringement of individual rights and the dumbing of future generations."
------------------------------------------------------------------- US lawmakers sneak through controversial wiretap law (Reuters says that without debate or notice, US lawmakers were poised Thursday to approve a proposal for roving wiretaps, long sought by the FBI, that would dramatically expand wiretapping authority - an idea Congress rejected many years ago.) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 22:27:46 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: RandallBart (Barticus@att.net) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: US lawmakers sneak through controversial wiretap law (Reuters) 12:50 PM ET 10/08/98 US lawmakers sneak through controversial wiretap law By Aaron Pressman WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Without debate or notice, U.S. lawmakers were poised Thursday to approve a proposal long sought by the FBI that would dramatically expand wiretapping authority -- an idea Congress openly rejected many years ago. The provision, allowing law enforcement agencies more easily to tap any telephone used by or near a target individual instead of getting authorization to tap specific phones, was added to the Intelligence Authorization Conference report during a closed door meeting and filed with the House and Senate Monday. The conference report was easily adopted by the House on Wednesday, despite an objection to the wiretapping provision from Georgia Republican Bob Barr and is expected to be approved by the Senate later on Thursday. Neither the House nor the Senate had included the provision, known as roving wiretap authority, in their versions of the intelligence bill. But lawmakers drafting the conference report, essentially a reconciliation of the two versions, decided to include it. Civil liberties groups were outraged by the expanded wiretapping authority and the process of adding the provision in secret. ``Roving wiretaps are a major expansion of current government surveillance power,'' said Alan Davidson, staff counsel at the Center for Democracy and Technology in Washington. ``To take a controversial provision that affects the fundamental constitutional liberties of the people and pass it behind closed doors shows a shocking disregard for our democratic process.'' Under current rules, law enforcement agencies seeking roving wiretap authority from a judge must prove that an individual is switching telephones specifically for the purpose of evading a surveillance. The standard has been difficult to meet and kept the number of roving wiretaps approved to a minimum, a telephone industry official said. Without roving authority, police must get permission from a judge for each telephone line to be tapped. Under the change approved this week, the police would need show only that an individual's, ``actions could have the effect of thwarting interception from a specific facility.'' The change removed the need to consider the target's motive in using different telephones. REUTERS
------------------------------------------------------------------- Brother Takes Over Mexican Drug Cartel (The Seattle Times says US authorities yesterday identified Vicente Carrillo-Fuentes, the brother of a Mexican drug lord who died in 1997, as the new leader of a Juarez-area cartel.) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 17:52:44 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Brother Takes Over Mexican Drug Cartel Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Author: Claudia Kolker BROTHER TAKES OVER MEXICAN DRUG CARTEL EL PASO, Texas - Federal authorities yesterday identified Vicente Carrillo-Fuentes, brother of a Mexican drug lord who died in 1997 after undergoing plastic surgery, as the new leader of a Juarez-area cartel. Although a federal grand jury had returned a 27-count indictment against Carrillo-Fuentes in August 1997 and requested his extradition, authorities unsealed the documents only this week. The Juarez and Tijuana cartels are believed to be Mexico's two largest drug organizations. Carrillo-Fuentes' indictment includes federal drug and money-laundering charges and seeks $56.5 million in criminal asset forfeiture. The figure is based on the drug merchant's anticipated earnings on tons of cocaine and marijuana seized by authorities. Carrillo-Fuentes also faces up to life in prison if he is convicted. Believed to be somewhere in Mexico, Carrillo-Fuentes was responsible for funneling cocaine and marijuana through the western area of Texas en route to cities including Dallas, Chicago and New York, law-enforcement agents said. Vicente's brother, Amado Carrillo-Fuentes, was legendary for his abilities to bully or coax Colombian drug traffickers into working with him. After Amado's death on July 4, 1997, the Juarez-El Paso drug organization fell into violent disarray. Vicente Carrillo-Fuentes apparently assumed the cartel's leadership after a rival, Rafael Munoz-Talavera, was killed earlier this year, agents said. Nevertheless, gory contests for cartel dominance still make Juarez unsafe, said DEA special agent Robert Castillo.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US targets suspected drug cartel leader (The Associated Press version) From: "Bob Owen @ WHEN, Olympia" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: U.S. targets suspected drug cartel leader Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 20:35:02 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org U.S. targets suspected drug cartel leader By Eduardo Montes Associated Press 10/08/98 03:07 EL PASO, Texas (AP) - The suspected head of one of Mexico's most powerful drug rings is being hunted by U.S. authorities as well as by police in his own country. Vicente Carrillo Fuentes seized control of the Juarez cartel after the death last year of his older brother, Amado Carrillo Fuentes, and the Sept. 10 slaying of rival Rafael Munoz Talavera, federal officials said Wednesday. A drug trafficking indictment against Carrillo was unsealed Tuesday, more than a year after it was issued, the FBI said. ``We want to extend our invitation to Vicente Carrillo Fuentes to surrender. The jails in the United States are not that bad,'' said Dave Alba, special agent in charge of the FBI office in El Paso. The Juarez cartel has been one of the strongest Mexican drug rings in recent years, earning tens of millions of dollars from shipments funneled through El Paso to Dallas, New York and Chicago. The indictment seeks forfeiture of $56.5 million by Carillo. It is being released publicly because ``it's been deemed important for us to now seek the public's support,'' said Bill Blagg, U.S. attorney for the western district of Texas. ``It seemed like the right time to do it.'' Carrillo, 36, is now ranked by authorities in the upper echelon of Mexican drug lords that includes Tijuana's notorious Arellano Felix brothers. Carrillo faces life in prison and millions in fines if convicted on 26 trafficking, possession and money-laundering charges stemming from an investigation that originally targeted his brother. A similar indictment had been prepared charging the older Carrillo, but he died the next day while undergoing plastic surgery in Mexico City, Blagg said. Authorities said arresting Carrillo would not dismantle the Juarez cartel based across the border from El Paso, but would disrupt operations and make the organization more vulnerable. The downside is that it might also touch off another power struggle like the turf war that has claimed dozens of lives in Juarez since Amado Carrillo died. ``I don't know what else to do,'' said Alba. ``To leave him (Carrillo) where he's at would be much worse.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Indictment Launches Hunt For Drug Lord (A slightly different Associated Press account in The Houston Chronicle) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 06:27:10 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: Indictment Launches Hunt For Drug Lord Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chron.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Author: Eduardo Montes, Associated Press INDICTMENT LAUNCHES HUNT FOR DRUG LORD Brother of slain boss seizes top spot in Juarez cartel, U.S. wanted list EL PASO -- The man believed to have seized control of the Juarez cartel, one of Mexico's most powerful drug rings, has been indicted on trafficking charges and is now considered a top target for U.S. authorities. Vicente Carrillo Fuentes assumed leadership of the organization following the death last year of his older brother, cartel leader Amado Carrillo Fuentes, and the Sept. 10 slaying of rival Rafael Munoz Talavera, federal officials said Wednesday in releasing the previously sealed indictment. He now ranks among the upper echelon of Mexican drug lords that includes Tijuana's notorious Arellano Felix brothers, and U.S. officials say his apprehension is a priority. "We want to extend our invitation to Vicente Carrillo Fuentes to surrender. The jails in the United States are not that bad," said Dave Alba, special agent in charge of the FBI office in El Paso. Carrillo, 36, faces life in prison and millions in fines if convicted on 26 trafficking, possession and money-laundering counts contained in the indictment, which stems from a multi-agency investigation originally targeting Amado Carrillo. A similar indictment had been prepared July 3, 1997, charging the older Carrillo, but he died the next day while undergoing plastic surgery in Mexico City, said Bill Blagg, U.S. attorney for the Western District of Texas. This indictment also seeks to force Carrillo to forfeit $56.5 million, the money that would have been generated from drug transactions listed in the indictment, officials said. The charges are based on drug seizures totaling 3,757 kilos of cocaine and 9,395 pounds of marijuana that have been traced to the cartel. A U.S. grand jury in El Paso returned the indictment Aug. 6, 1997, and in November, the U.S. government submitted an extradition request and an arrest warrant to Mexican authorities for Carrillo. The indictment is being released publicly because "it's been deemed important for us to now seek the public's support," said Blagg. "It seemed like the right time to do it." Authorities said arresting Carrillo would not dismantle the Juarez cartel, which is based across the border from El Paso, but would disrupt operations and make the organization more vulnerable. The downside would be that it might also touch off another power struggle like the turf war that has claimed dozens of lives in Juarez since Carrillo died.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Indictment Targets Suspected Drug Cartel Chief (The Dallas Morning News version) Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 07:07:52 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US/Mexico: U.S. Indictment Targets Suspected Drug Cartel Chief Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Author: Nancy San Martin / The Dallas Morning News U.S. INDICTMENT TARGETS SUSPECTED DRUG CARTEL CHIEF Brother of Mexican who died during plastic surgery named EL PASO - With at least two alleged leaders of the lucrative Juarez Cartel dead, U.S. authorities announced the indictment Wednesday of the man now believed to be heading the organization. "We extend an invitation to Vicente Carrillo Fuentes to give himself up," said Dave Alba, of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. "The jails in the United States are not that bad." Officials made public a 27-count indictment against Mr. Carrillo, 35, the brother of drug baron Amado Carrillo Fuentes who died last year during plastic surgery. Since his death, a gang war has been escalating over control of what is said to be one of Mexico's most powerful drug enterprises. Bodies have been scattered throughout the region in recent months, the most notable belonging to Rafael Munoz Talavera, found last month in Ciudad Juarez shot, beaten and wrapped in plastic. Mr. Munoz Talavera was jockeying to take over the cartel when he was slain, officials said. According to the indictment, the cartel is responsible for trying to import 3,757 kilos of cocaine and 9,395 pounds of marijuana into the United States from October 1985 to July 1997. "These figures represent actual law enforcement seizures that can be traced to the Juarez cartel," Mr. Blagg said. The drugs were smuggled in from Juarez and Ojinaga, Mexico, and stashed in safehouses in West Texas before moving on to Dallas, Chicago and New York, officials said. Mr. Carrillo is charged with continuing criminal enterprises, conspiracy to import and possess with the intent to distribute controlled substances, importation of controlled substances, possession with the intent to distribute controlled substances and money laundering. If convicted, he faces a maximum penalty of life in prison and a $4 million fine on each count. Authorities also are seeking to seize $56.5 million in cash and personal assets from Mr. Carrillo. The money represents the profits that would have been made if the narcotics seized would have been sold in the United States, officials said. The indictment follows a 15-month investigation in 1996 and 1997. Mr. Carrillo's older brother, Amado Carrillo, was to be the original target. But he died the day after the original proposed indictment was submitted to the U.S. attorney's office for its approval. Also listed in the original indictment was Alfonso "Lino" Corral Olaquez. But he was gunned down last year at a restaurant in Juarez. Before Amado Carrillo's death on July 4, 1997, the El Paso Intelligence Center, a multi-agency task force, produced a confidential intelligence report that described Vicente Carrillo as "chief of operations" for the Juarez cartel. The 1997 report said Vicente Carrillo and other alleged cartel members had left their traditional base of operations in Ciudad Juarez, presumably to avoid capture, and that Vicente Carrillo had been spotted in Zacatecas state in central Mexico. The report also accused Vicente Carrillo of purchasing high-tech security equipment, scrambled radio transmitters and receivers, mobile radios and hundreds of infrared beacons that could be used to light up clandestine landing strips. While the indictment didn't describe assets that might be seized by U.S. authorities, American drug agents say the Carrillo clan owns homes, vehicles, planes, hotels and other businesses throughout Mexico. U.S. authorities submitted an extradition request to Mexican officials last November. "After a year, it seemed important to us that we now enlist the public's support and apply pressure to bring it [the arrest] to bear," Mr. Blagg said. The Mexican attorney general's office had no immediate comment. Though authorities said they don't expect Mr. Carrillo's apprehension to dismantle the Juarez Cartel, they do think it would at least weaken the organization. "It will have an impact without a doubt," said Robert Castillo, special agent in charge for the DEA in El Paso. "The Juarez Cartel won't necessarily lose all its power but it will disrupt the organization." Writer Tracey Eaton in Mexico City contributed to this report.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Adds Pressure For Narcotics Kingpin (The San Jose Mercury News version) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 12:23:33 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: US Adds Pressure For Narcotics Kingpin Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 U.S. ADDS PRESSURE FOR NARCOTICS KINGPIN Federal authorities in El Paso, Texas, on Wednesday identified Vicente Carrillo-Fuentes, brother of a Mexican drug lord who died in 1997 after undergoing plastic surgery, as the new leader of a Juarez-area cartel. Although a federal grand jury had returned a 27-count indictment against Carrillo-Fuentes in August 1997 and requested his extradition from Mexico in November of that year, authorities unsealed the documents only this week. Some officials said they decided to publicize the indictment -- which lists seizures of 8,265 pounds of cocaine and 9,395 pounds of marijuana over a 12-year period -- partly to increase pressure on Mexico to snare Carrillo-Fuentes and deliver him to the United States. The Juarez and Tijuana cartels are believed to be Mexico's two largest drug organizations. Vicente's brother, Amado Carrillo-Fuentes, was legendary for his abilities to bully or coax Colombian drug traffickers into working with him. After Amado's death on July 4, 1997, linked to plastic surgery undertaken to hide his identity, the Juarez-El Paso drug organization fell into violent disarray.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Is Your Teenager Concerned About Inequality And Pollution? Call A Drug Counsellor (The Guardian, in Britain, notes a pamphlet by Gerald Smith, a criminology professor in Utah, featuring an introduction by Republican Senator Orrin Hatch, a Mormon minister, warns that a teenager who shows "excessive preoccupation with social causes, race relations, environmental issues etc." may be exhibiting the first symptoms of drug addiction.)Date: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 21:11:06 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: OPED: Is Your Teenager Concerned About Inequality And Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Source: Guardian, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Pubdate: Thu, 08 Oct 1998 Author: Julian Borger in Washington IS YOUR TEENAGER CONCERNED ABOUT INEQUALITY AND POLLUTION? CALL A DRUG COUNSELLOR Do the teenagers you know talk excitedly about inequality, racial discrimination or pollution? If so, according to a pamphlet doing the rounds in the United States, they may be exhibiting the first symptoms of drug addiction. The pamphlet by Gerald Smith, a criminology professor in Utah, vividly describes these warning signs for the benefit of parents worried that their children may be regular users of marijuana and other drugs. The affected youth may "avoid the family while at home", the 66-page booklet says, and show "excessive preoccupation with social causes, race relations, environmental issues etc". In the introduction, Republican Senator Orrin Hatch, a Mormon minister from Salt Lake City, thunders "a morally depraved society . . . has chosen to embrace, rather than attack, this plague" of marijuana use. But the senator believes that with the help of God and Mr Smith's little book, young Americans can be led along the path to a "marijuana-free life". So he tells parents: "Study this book . . . and look for the many warning signs of any children who are using marijuana or drugs of any kind." The pamphlet is unclear whether the same "warning signs" show up in adults. In which case, Mr Hatch may soon need to provide a urine sample of his own. The Utah senator has been turning suspiciously liberal at the edges recently. He has backed federally funded child care and gone out of his way to condemn violent attacks on homosexuals - surely policies with a whiff of weed about them. And then there is President Clinton. The rightwing maverick, Ross Perot, claimed this week that the president's lack of judgement in sexual matters is evidence of drug abuse. But perhaps the second-term evaporation of the Clinton social agenda offers conclusive proof that the young Bill did not inhale after all.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Methadone Turnabout Is A Welcome First Step (San Jose Mercury News columnist Joanne Jacobs says drug war propaganda has beaten pragmatism at every turn - until last week, when General Barry McCaffrey, in a speech to the American Methadone Treatment Association, called for expanding heroin addicts' access to methadone. Based on the logic of New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, diabetics should be forced to give up their dependency on insulin.) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 12:23:33 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: Methadone Turnabout Is A Welcome First Step Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Author: JOANNE JACOBS METHADONE TURNABOUT IS A WELCOME FIRST STEP IN the endless, unwinnable war on drugs, the generals have relied on rhetoric, not on scientific research. Propaganda has beaten pragmatism in every battle. Until now. Last week, Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the nation's drug policy chief, called for expanding heroin addicts' access to methadone, in response to a National Academy of Sciences panel that concluded methadone is ``more likely to work than any other therapy'' for heroin addiction. According to a federal study, methadone maintenance cuts addicts' heroin use by 70 percent and criminal activity by 57 percent, while boosting full-time employment by 24 percent. By reducing hypodermic use, it also lowers the rate of HIV and hepatitis infections. Since the '60s, special clinics have weaned addicts from heroin and other opiates to methadone, a synthetic drug that suppresses drug cravings. In a speech to the American Methadone Treatment Association, McCaffrey echoed the recommendations of medical experts convened by the academy and the National Institutes of Health, who have endorsed the effectiveness of methadone treatment and criticized the government's heavy-handed regulation. In addition to rewriting rules to ensure the quality of clinic-based methadone treatment, McCaffrey said patients should be able to get methadone at the offices of specially certified doctors. Anyone who needs methadone should be able to get it, he said. Only 15 percent of heroin and opiate addicts -- about 115,000 Americans -- use methadone now. There are waiting lists at every methadone clinic in the country, said a recent study by a physicians' group. Eight states ban methadone clinics. Some patients must travel for hours to drink a daily dose under a clinic monitor's supervision, making it difficult to hold down a job. Methadone treatment is much more widely used in European countries that make it available through doctors and pharmacies. But in the U.S., substance abuse has been treated as a sin, not as a disease, and the zero tolerance zealots will settle for nothing less than abstinence. Methadone maintenance essentially is a crutch, not a cure for drug dependency. While some addicts use methadone as a steppingstone to a drug-free life, others remain on methadone maintenance for many years. Because the drug doesn't create euphoria or sedation, users can work, raise families and rebuild their lives. ``At proper doses, methadone lets addicts function normally, without making them `high,' and can be safely consumed for decades with remarkably few bad side effects,'' wrote Ethan Nadelmann and Jennifer McNeely in Public Interest in 1996. ``Methadone is to heroin users what nicotine skin patches are to tobacco smokers.'' Expanding methadone treatment doesn't just offer heroin addicts a way off the streets. It makes the streets safer for everyone else. ``Current policy . . . puts too much emphasis on protecting society from methadone, and not enough on protecting society from the epidemics of addiction, violence, and infectious diseases that methadone can help reduce,'' concluded an Institute of Medicine committee in 1995. ``Why, if methadone is effective, is it regulated so highly and so differently from other drugs?'' Federal, state and local regulations limit doctors' authority to decide the best way to provide methadone, the most effective dose and the right time to move patients off the drug. Regulations limit flexibility, require useless paperwork and impose unnecessary costs, concluded an NIH panel last year, which was charged with reporting on the medical and scientific consensus on methadone. ``Yet these regulations seem to have little if any effect on quality'' of care. ``We know of no other area where the federal government intrudes so deeply and coercively into the practice of medicine.'' Drug enforcement agents fear methadone will be abused, but the researchers say most street sales are to addicts who can't get into a methadone treatment program. When Belgium allowed doctors to prescribe methadone, street sales fell off. New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani wants to shut down methadone treatment, forcing addicts to go cold turkey -- or go back to heroin. ``Methadone is a terrible, terrible perversion of drug treatment because it leaves a person dependent,'' said Giuliani in a July 20 speech. By that logic, diabetics should be forced to give up their dependency on insulin. McCaffrey said the mayor's views ``are at odds with the conclusions of the nation's scientific and medical community. The problem isn't that there are too many methadone programs; it is that there are too few.'' Of course, the drug czar isn't listening to scientific and medical experts' conclusions on needle-exchange programs and medicinal marijuana. But perhaps this is a first step toward sanity in the nation's drug policy. Joanne Jacobs is a member of the Mercury News editorial board. Her column appears on Mondays and Thursdays. You may reach her at 750 Ridder Park Dr., San Jose, CA 95190, by fax at 408-271-3792, or e-mail to JJacobs@sjmercury.com . 1997 - 1998 Mercury Center.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Panic in needle park (A portrait of Toronto's junkie community in Eye magazine says needle exchanges were supposed to slow the spread of HIV, but infection rates are still rising. "We need more than a quick fix.") Date: Fri, 09 Oct 1998 09:10:49 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Dave Haans (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: eye Magazine: Panic in needle park Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: eye Magazine (Toronto, Canada) Pubdate: Thursday, October 8, 1998 Page: 8-9 Website: http://www.eye.net Contact: email@example.com Author: P.F. McGrath Panic in needle park Needle exchanges were supposed to slow the spread of HIV among addicts, but infection rates are still rising. We need more than a quick fix It's hard not to feel intimidated walking up to Seaton House. A man smokes crack in the back alley, and the dealers on the corner fall silent, their eyes locking on me as I walk by. It's a Saturday afternoon, but even on weekdays the threadbare yard is so packed with men they spill out onto George Street. Someone behind me tauntingly yells, "Look at 'is shoes, look at 'em shine." A few of them laugh. To the men packed six to a room it's called Satan's House -- poverty's prison. Wedged between the botanical gardens to the north and Moss Park to the south, the three-storey homeless shelter for men is in the heart of Toronto's drug district. There are six needle exchanges within a 20-minute walk. "Something's gonna happen tonight. I can smell it -- like rain," one of the residents says to Victor, the front door guard. Victor shrugs as if to say something happens here every night. The shelter houses society's problems: ex-cons, homeless men, the insane, drug addicts and, increasingly, AIDS. "There are 682 guys in here, and every one of them has got AIDS or soon will," Victor says as I wait on the steps for Paul, the man that I've come to meet. Paul is a typical resident in most ways. He's an addict with a violent history. He's been abusing hard drugs for a long time. He's gone through two habits and more than a dozen stints in jail. But as he limps and jerks down the front steps, I wonder if he realizes he's luckier than many. Paul has dodged AIDS. HIV infection rates among intravenous drug users have more than doubled since Toronto Public Health authorities began a needle exchange program to try to contain the problem in 1989. The idea was simple: give away clean 20-cent needles and intravenous drug users would be less likely to share their old, used needles -- and their diseases with them. But it turns out it's not that simple. When The Works, Toronto Public Health's largest needle exchange, opened in 1989, 4.6 per cent of its clients were HIV positive. The rate reached 9.6 per cent over the winter, and by all indications it's still climbing. The woman trying to hold back the tide is Shaun Humpkins, manager at The Works. HIV infection "has gone up enough that we are somewhat concerned," she says. "But it's not that simple to say that there is a needle exchange program and we are seeing an increase so we should blame it on the program." She points to changes in crack cocaine use, with injection becoming more popular. Every year in Toronto, eight needle exchanges hand out more than 200,000 hypodermic syringes -- and The Works wants to distribute many more. This fall Humpkins will present a proposal to city council that would double the number of exchanges in the GTA. But needle exchanges, even those that are considered successful, don't reduce HIV infection rates, because they can't address problems that spawn drug addiction, problems that haunt the halls of places like Seaton House: abuse, violence, poverty, prostitution, psychological problems, unemployment, homelessness. Criminologists say places like Seaton House drive up drug use simply because they bring so many users together, introducing everyone to everyone else's habits. They say a shelter of this size, ringed by needle exchanges, creates a marketplace that draws dealers, raises crime and prostitution and destroys neighborhoods. This process is what is driving up HIV infection rates in the area. It's what Humpkins and other needle exchange workers are up against, and by all accounts, they're losing. PLAYING RUSSIAN ROULETTE Back on George Street, Paul and I are walking toward one of Toronto's busiest illicit drug marketplaces, the east end of the botanical gardens. "Now don't be asking me all these questions like you been asking me before," Paul says as we head north through Allan Gardens. "If someone hears you here, it'll come back to me." Traffic slides by on Jarvis as the dealers keep a steady eye on Paul. If he nodded, they would casually get up and follow him. What? How much? Money? Dope? Get the hypes, go down an alley, fix it, smash it, done. Forty minutes later you're looking for the next fix. "See that guy?" Paul asks. "He's a cookie monster. He's grinding" -- the term for crack addicts looking for more crack. "He just fixed his last rock and now he's trying to figure out how he's going to get more." "How do you know?" I ask, watching the teenager stumble across Jarvis. "Because I know that guy." The teenager makes it to the other side of the street as traffic starts past him. "They think they're untouchable," he says. "They're playing Russian roulette and they don't care." A study released by the Addiction Research Foundation in 1997 stated: "Cocaine has become the number one problem of abuse for young clients. The bulk of treatment is for crack addiction." Among street youth interviewed in 1992, the last time such a study was done, 31 per cent had used crack in the last year. For adults the figure was one per cent. The resurgence of crack's popularity, especially among younger users, is extremely worrisome for public health authorities. One very good reason to worry is the growing practice of injecting crack cocaine. FALLING THROUGH THE CRACK Crack is made by mixing baking powder and cocaine. Chemically, it's a base, which means to break it down into a powder, you need an acid. On a rooftop off a service alley on Yonge, I find the typical paraphernalia of hard drug use. Pop cans with small clusters of holes punched in them, empty lighters, hundreds of spent matches, a couple of syringes. In a corner behind an exhaust vent, I find an empty vinegar packet from Harvey's. Vinegar is three per cent acetic acid. It dissolves crack into a powder fine enough to inject. The problem is that if you want to inject the crack, then you also have to inject the vinegar. Vinegar also dissolves the cell walls in veins. The result: junkies with infections and abscesses. About two months ago, staff at The Works began noticing an increase in the number of infections they were treating. When they found out clients were using vinegar or lime juice to dissolve the crack, they started packaging Vitamin C in little zip-lock bags to cut down on vinegar thefts at local fast food restaurants. The recipe on the back of the pack says: "Mix Your Crack With Vitamin C. Put $20 worth of crack in a spoon. Add a pinch of Vitamin C powder equal to 1/4 the size of the rock. Add 60 units of sterilized water and crush together. Add more water if needed. For a $10 rock, cut the recipe in half." "When we started we couldn't give them away," says Leah Boelhouer, a counsellor at The Works. "Now, six weeks later, we're giving away between 25 and 50 a night." Only some of Toronto's intravenous drug users get their gear from The Works, and of those who do, not all will use the vitamin C, or even know about it. But the existence of the packs indicates a substantial shift in drug use in the city. It is exactly this shift that has destroyed the Downtown Eastside in Vancouver and threatens to do the same here. Detective Courtland Booth is with the Metropolitan Toronto Police. He says the major difference between heroin and crack is that heroin slows you down -- "puts you on the nod," he says, referring to the sluggishness experienced after using the drug. "But crack heightens your activity. You're very hyper; it overstimulates the synaptic response of the brain. It becomes an overwhelming need. Prostitution, robbery, selling the drug itself -- addicts will do just about anything to get more." This kind of obsessed behavior is driving some of the most alarming increases in new AIDS cases. Between 1989 and 1996, the proportion of new AIDS cases that were reported among Canadian drug users rose, among men, from one per cent to five per cent. The proportion of new AIDS cases among female drug users rose from six per cent in 1989 to 15 per cent in 1992 and reached 24 per cent by 1996. The psychological imperative created by crack helps push many high-risk women into prostitution, at which point they can become receptacles for every disease on the street. Another symptom of the shift toward crack surfaces at The Works. "We started seeing clients coming in asking for one needle, many times a day," Humpkins says. A heroin high typically last 10 to 12 hours. With crack it's 20 minutes. When crack addicts are going on a run, a multiple-day binge, they will inject up to 30 times a day -- which means re-using or sharing dirty needles when the supply of free ones runs out. "They don't eat, sleep or take care of themselves," Humpkins says. "Then they are more at risk. Crack injections are not that planned." STILL AROUND Paul's getting tired. He's 46 years old and weights 114 pounds. He walks with a limp from the arthritis caused by sleeping on the streets for five years. "It's destroyed the best part of my life," he says. He sits down on a windowsill and slurps back the last of his Pepsi. He's been clean for over a month now, and it's taken its toll. Every morning he rolls out of bed onto the floor, crawls over to the wall and forces his arthritic legs upright. In the mornings, especially if it's damp, the 10-minute walk to the drugstore to get his methadone takes much longer. Still, he usually makes it by 7 a.m. I can't help thinking that the methadone fix is the easiest, that all the problems that were there 30 years ago are still there. That rebuilding a life, re-establishing contact with his family, finding a job and self-esteem, some worth, making money, dealing with all of this, that's when it really gets tough. "I don't want to end up being nothing," he says. "You'll have help. There's some good people out there." "Yeah, there's still a couple of us left," he says, shaking my hand. I tell him I want to see him again, I want to show him the article. He smiles for the first time in two days. He doesn't answer, though. "You have yourself a good evening," he says, with a mock formality that makes me laugh as he fades up the stairs. Not 10 minutes later, a police cruiser pulls up in front of Seaton House. Two officers pull out a roll of yellow plastic tape and cordon off the front of the residence. A bunch of guys gather to watch. I ask somebody what happened. Some guy stabbed another guy with a bottle. "Hit 'im right in de ribs, and he just drop," a man says. "Hey, you looking for t'ings?" he says, propositioning me, indicating a bag of something in his pocket, "cuz t'ings still around, right." He's standing 20 feet from the police cruiser. At that moment it all seems so hopeless. A fire truck comes careening around the corner, followed by two ambulances. I watch a huddle of paramedics load a body onto a gurney. I hear a police officer saying, "There's a bottle of pure vodka and pills too... I guess you want that now, right?"
------------------------------------------------------------------- Officials Find 142 Mexican State Police Used False Military Credentials (An Associated Press article in The San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune says a routine inspection by military officials showed more than 10 percent of Mexico state's judicial police submitted false proof of military service to get their jobs.) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 06:57:31 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Officials Find 142 Mexican State Police Used False Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison Pubdate: Thu, 8 Oct 1998 Source: San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 805-781-7800 Website: http://sanluisobispo.com/ Author: AP OFFICIALS FIND 142 MEXICAN STATE POLICE USED FALSE MILITARY CREDENTIALS TOLUCA, Mexico (AP) - A routine inspection by military officials has found that more than 10 percent of Mexico State's judicial police sub- mitted false proof of military service to get their jobs. The Defense Secretariat found that 142 police agents assigned to to the Mexico State attorney general's office submitted crude imitations of military service credentials, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press. Defense officials confronted the agents on Aug. 28 and six resigned immediately. The others are under investigation. The attorney general's office in Mexico State, which surrounds most of Mexico City, declined to comment on whether the agents have been suspended. Military service credentials are required for judicial police. Military officials inspect police records annually to assure that officers have the proper credentials. It was not known why the false records hadn't been discovered in previous inspections. Copyright 1998 Associated Press. All rights reserved.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Chiefs Plan Biggest Blitz Yet On Drug Dealers (The Scotsman says Scotland's eight chief constables are preparing to launch the biggest crackdown on drug dealers in the country's history.) Date: Fri, 9 Oct 1998 11:35:40 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Police Chiefs Plan Biggest Blitz Yet On Drug Dealers Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Pubdate: 8 Oct 1998 Author: Jenny Booth Home Affairs Correspondent POLICE CHIEFS PLAN BIGGEST BLITZ YET ON DRUG DEALERS McLeish heralds crackdown backed by initiatives aimed at reforming addicts SCOTLAND'S eight chief constables are preparing to launch the biggest crackdown on drug dealers in the country's history. Police will work hand in hand this winter with customs officers, benefits agency workers and The Inland Revenue, targeting not just the criminals but also their assets, tax dodges and benefit frauds. Henry McLeish, the Scottish home affairs minister, announced the campaign yesterday at a press conference in Gorbals, Glasgow. At the same event Sam Galbraith, the Scottish health minister, announced an extra UKP5 million for health workers and social services to fund initiatives aimed at reforming drug users. The money includes: cash for the Health Education Board Scotland (HEBS) to mount a campaign to warn young people of the dangers of heroin; an extra UKP2 million to health boards to spend on drugs treatments such as prescribing methadone as a substitute for heroin; and UKP2 million to fund court sentences such as new drug treatment and testing orders. "Spending on drugs treatment and community sentencing is also spending on prevention of repeat offending by drug addicts," said Mr Galbraith. "It helps to cut street crime and return drug users to a law abiding life. Substitute prescribing has cut back sharply on crimes committed by heroin injectors in Glasgow, and produced savings of half a billion pounds." The anti-drugs campaign has been prompted by the rising numbers of offenders reported for drugs possession, supply or importation. In 1988, Scottish police recorded 5,213 drugs crimes - by 1997 that had risen 600 per cent to 29,386. Mr McLeish said the effects on communities have been devastating, with drug users responsible for half of all the crime committed in Scotland and causing their families and neighbours untold misery. "Strathclyde Police launched a major drive on Tuesday to attack housebreaking linked to drug abuse. Other forces are preparing their own campaigns and plans are being drawn up for a Scotland-wide blitz, involving the police, local authorities, housing departments and others to reclaim communities gripped by dealers." He added that housing authorities would soon be able to use new powers of eviction to throw drug dealers out of their homes, freeing neighbourhoods from their reign of terror. He also announced UKP50,000 to research the connection between drugs and all types of crime. The study will be carried out in Strathclyde and Fife Mr McLeish confirmed that he was considering changing the law to enable the Crown to pursue drugs barons through the civil courts, taking advantage of the lower standard of proof - "in the balance of probabilities" as opposed to "beyond all reasonable doubt" in the criminal courts - to confiscate fortunes made through the drugs trade. "We must target drugs suppliers where it hurts most, in the wealth they have acquired," Mr McLeish said. He acknowledged the fears of civil liberties campaigners but said that it was a question of balancing the rights of drug dealers with the rights of communities like Cranhill and the Gorbals, devastated by drugs. He promised to launch a further initiative within weeks, using electronic surveillance to cut the amount of drugs in prisons. Meanwhile, Scotland's two drug prevention teams, based in Glasgow and Dundee, are to be merged into one national team with UKP700,000 funding. David Campbell, the chairman of HEBS, which has been tasked with cutting the number of young people attracted to heroin, said that he was keen to avoid the mistakes of past media campaigns which had tended to glamorise the drug. The campaign will probably reflect the fact that different areas have different heroin problems, with young clubbers in Grampian smoking heroin on a Monday morning to help them come down from their weekend ecstasy high, whereas young people in Glasgow smoke or inject it as a drug of first choice. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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