------------------------------------------------------------------- Recommendations for the Implementation of Ballot Measure 67, Medical Use of Marijuana (The text of the guidelines proposed for state law enforcement officials' compliance with the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act, released today by the Oregon Attorney General's Work Group on Medical Marijuana - plus a favorable introduction by Dr. Rick Bayer, a chief petitioner for the ballot measure.) RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BALLOT MEASURE 67 (MEDICAL USE OF MARIJUANA) Proposed by the Attorney General's Work Group on Medical Marijuana From: "Rick Bayer" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Rick Bayer" (email@example.com) Subject: Oregon AG recommendations for implementation of M67 Date: Thu, 10 Dec 1998 12:07:42 -0800 Friends I have scanned this into my computer and it is below as well as on an attached Word 95 file. I thought this might be less cumbersome and less expensive than faxes but please recall that with scanning and changing format into and out of HTML (rich text), the original formatting will be lost. Scanning creates errors and I may have missed some typos when proofreading. Some things, such as page numbers, may seem strange or irrelevant but it is readable and hopefully you all will find it useful. The Word 95 file will retain the original formatting. Personally, I am pleased with the AG recommendations. They seem fair and they call on police officers to use restraint when considering the arrest of patients. If you get asked, my suggested response to the media would go something like this, "We believe the AG recommendations are fair and we look forward to working with the OHD to make the necessary rules. Our primary concern with the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act is that the Oregon legislature not betray voters like they did after the Oregon Death With Dignity Act was passed." (or similar) In summary, we are content with AG report, happy with the progress at OHD, and need to put the legislature "on notice" that if they once again betray the voters that we will shout it out loud to any media person who will listen. As always, thank you for your support. If you have not read the law lately, please consider this an invitation to go to http://www.teleport.com/~omr and link to the OMMA and/or the mmj bibliography. Finally, please note that like other herbals, patients will usually need to educate their doctors on mmj. The mmj biblio would be a good place to start and I especially recommend downloading and giving one's doctor the _JAMA_ article by Lester Grinspoon from 1995 because it's relatively short but still fairly comprehensive. Rick Rick Bayer, MD, FACP 6800 SW Canyon Drive Portland, OR 97225 503-292-1035 (voice) 503-297-0754 (fax) mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org *** RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BALLOT MEASURE 67 (MEDICAL USE OF MARIJUANA) Proposed by the Attorney General's Work Group on Medical Marijuana I. BACKGROUND. A. Ballot Measure 67 provides several ways in which a claim of medical need may be raised by a person suspected or accused of unlawfully possessing, manufacturing or delivering marijuana. These are: 1. An "affirmative defense" to a charge of unlawful possession or production of marijuana, which the defendant would be required to prove by a preponderance of the evidence (Section 6(1); ORS 161.055(2)); 2. A "defense" of choice of evils, which the state would be required to disprove beyond a reasonable doubt (Section 6(3); 01(5 161.055(1); 01(5 161.190; ORS 161.200) 1; and 3. An "exception" from the criminal laws that prohibit possession, delivery or production of marijuana and related offenses. This exception applies to persons who have received a medical use permit from the Oregon Department of Health or who have a pending application for a permit. Its apparent intent is to preclude even an arrest or citation. (Section 4). *** 1261.200, Choice of evils. (1) Unless inconsistent with other provisions of chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971, defining justifiable use of physical force, or with some other provision of law, conduct which would otherwise constitute an offense is justifiable mad not criminal when: (a) That conduct is necessary as an emergency measure to avoid an imminent public or private injury; and (b) The threatened injury is of such gravity that, according to ordinary standards of intelligence and morality, the desirability and urgency of avoiding the injury clearly outweigh the desirability of avoiding the injury sought to be prevented by the statute defining the offense in issue. (2) The necessity and justifiability of conduct under subsection (I) of this section shall not rest upon considerations pertaining only to the morality and advisability of the statute, either in its general application or with respect to its application to a particular class of cases arising thereunder. [end of page] 1 B. The "exception" from the criminal laws, and the permit system upon which it is based, will not take effect until May 1, 1999. (Section 19). However, both the "affirmative defense" and the choice of evils "defense" apply to offenses committed on or after December 3. 1998. (Section 19). These interim recommendations are addressed to medical use claims that may arise as either an affirmative defense or a choice of evils defense in relation to conduct occurring on or between December 3, 1998, and April 30, 1999. They do not discuss the criminal law "exception" or the medical use permit system. II. PRESUMPTIVE INDICATIONS THAT MARIJUANA IS NOT BEING GROWN, POSSESSED OR USED FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES. A. The Need to Make a Presumptive Determination Regarding a Potential Claim of Medical Use. Because Ballot Measure 67 prohibits law enforcement officers from harming, neglecting, injuring or destroying any property connected with the medical use of marijuana, it places a substantial burden on law enforcement officers to anticipate potential medical use claims and to determine their validity in the initial stages of an investigation. If the district attorney or a court determines that a medical use defense applies, seized marijuana, and paraphernalia associated with the production or use of marijuana ("paraphernalia"), must be returned to the person from whom it was seized. Therefore, before taking any action that results in the destruction of marijuana or paraphernalia, officers who are concerned with accommodating those who may have valid claims of medical use and also minimizing the civil liabilities of governmental agencies should attempt to establish whether a valid claim of medical use could be raised. B. It is strongly recommended that an officer make a presumptive determination regarding to validity of any actual or potential medical use claim before making a decision to: 1. Destroy marijuana or paraphernalia; 2. Seize as evidence growing marijuana plants or paraphernalia tat is likely to deteriorate while in police custody; or 3. Seize property for civil forfeiture. C. Additionally, although the state is not required to disprove defenses or affirmative defenses to establish probable cause, 2 it is preferable that an officer seek evidence *** 2. The "exception" from the criminal laws for medical use permit holders and applicants, which takes effect on May 1, 1999, may alter the state's burden in establishing probable cause. [page] 2 regarding the validity of a potential medical use claim before making a decision to: 1. Seek a search warrant; 2. Seek an arrest warrant; or 3. Make a warrantless rest. D. Presumptive Indications. In most cases, the following circumstances should constitute sufficient evidence that any medical use claim subsequently raised could be proven invalid: 1. An admission by the individual that the marijuana was not being grown or used for a medical purpose. 2. Clear evidence that marijuana was being sold by the individual - for example, a controlled buy, sales observed by an informant 3. Marijuana packaged for sale in commercial quantities combined with other circumstantial indicia of ongoing sales, such as scales, packaging materials, records of drug sales or cash. III. OTHER (NON-PRESUMPTIVE) INDICATIONS THAT MARIJUANA IS NOT BEING GROWN, POSSESSED OR USED FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES. Each of the following circumstances is strongly indicative that marijuana use is not for medical use, but these circumstances should be evaluated in light of the other evidence: 1. A number of plants or a quantity of dried marijuana that significantly exceeds the quantities described in Section 7(1) of Ballot Measure 67 (i.e., four immature plants, three mature plants and up to one ounce of marijuana for each mature plant "if the person is present at a location at which marijuana is produced", or up to one ounce of marijuana at other locations); 2. Efforts to divert electrical power for growing marijuana; or 3. History of arrests or convictions for marijuana offenses. Before basing critical decisions upon information obtained from a confidential informant, however, carefully evaluate whether taking the proposed action would later require that the identity of the informant be disclosed. [page] 3 IV. INVESTIGATING ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL CLAIMS OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA USE. A. Seeking Evidence of a Debilitating Medical Condition.4 1. Why is the individual growing or possessing marijuana? (This should be an open-ended question that does not suggest a specific answer.) 2. If the individual claims medical use: a. Has the individual submitted documentation to the Oregon Health Division? b. Has the individual ever been diagnosed with a "debilitating medical condition"? What condition(s)? When? c. What is the name of the individual's doctor(s)? How long has the individual seen the doctor? What is the name and address of the clinic, hospital or health organization where the doctor is employed? Has the individual's doctor indicated that marijuana may mitigate the effects of the individual's condition? If so, does the individual have valid, written documentation from his or her physician? What were the doctor's instructions? Will the individual sign a waiver to release his or her medical records? d. How long has the individual suffered front the condition? What are the symptoms for which the individual uses marijuana? Why does the individual prefer to use marijuana instead of other medical practices? *** 4 Section 4(i)(b) of the measure requires that an individual have a "debilitating medical condition" in order to engage in the medical use of marijuana. Section 3(2) of the measure defines "debilitating medical condition" as: (a) Cancer, glaucoma, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or treatment of these conditions; (b) A medical condition or treatment for a medical condition that produces, for a specific patient, one or more of the following: (i) Cachexia; (ii) Severe pain; (iii) Severe nausea; (iv) Seizures, including but not limited to seizures caused by epilepsy; or (v) Persistent muscle spasms, including but not limited to spasms caused by multiple sclerosis; or (c) Any other medical condition or treatment for a medical condition adopted by the [health] division by rule or approved by the division pursuant to a petition submitted pursuant to section 14 of this Act. [page] 4 e. How much marijuana does the individual use? What volume does the individual use on a daily, weekly, monthly and yearly basis? 3. Does the individual have a history of arrests or convictions for marijuana offenses? B. Seeking Evidence of Sales. 1. Is there evidence that the individual has been engaging in the sale of marijuana: scales, packaging materials, records of drug sales, cash? 2. Is the size and. sophistication of the grow operation consistent with personal use? Did the individual divert electrical power? 3. How long has the individual been growing marijuana? (In other words, has the individual been growing marijuana since before the effective date of Ballot Measure 67?) Where did the individual obtain his or her paraphernalia? 4. Determining the Individual's Financial Resources. a. Is the individual (or individual's spouse or partner) employed? Wit whom? How long? What is the individual's (spouse or partner's) monthly or yearly income from this employment? b. Does the individual have other sources of income: rental property, stocks, bonds, legal settlement, inheritance? How much? What is the name and address of the source? Did the individual declare this income when filing state and federal tax returns? c. What are the individual's (or individual's spouse or partner's) debts? Does the individual (or spouse or partner) own his or her own borne, vehicle(s) or business? Is the individual's home or business mortgaged? Does the individual have any other outstanding loans or debts: car loans, credit cards, judgments, unpaid taxes? What is the name and address of the individual's lenders and other debtors? What is the rate of repayment? V. SEIZURE AND DISPOSITION OF MARIJUANA OR PARAPHERNALIA -MITIGATION OF POTENTIAL CIVIL DAMAGES. In every case, a prudent officer should seek consent from the appropriate person before destroying marijuana or paraphernalia associated with the production or use of marijuana. When such consent cannot be obtained, the officer must decide how to handle marijuana and [page] 5 paraphernalia that the officer has probable cause to believe it is contraband or evidence of criminal conduct: A. When the Officer Has a Presumptive Indication That No Valid Medical Use Claim Can Be Raised (see discussion above under section II). Under these circumstances, an officer will usually be justified in seizing and disposing of marijuana and in seizing and thereafter seeking a destruction order for paraphernalia. This may include the seizure and destruction of all marijuana (see discussion above under section II). B. When the Officer Does Not Have a Presumptive Indication That Any Claim of Medical Use Would Be Fraudulent. Each of the following procedures has been suggested and considered, but the Work Group was unable to arrive at a consensus with respect to any one of them. It is recommended that each jurisdiction arrive at an appropriate local policy: 1. Seize only enough small cuttings of marijuana to conduct confirmatory testing. Document the extent of the grow through photography or videotaping. Do not harvest or otherwise destroy growing plants and do not seize or destroy paraphernalia. 2. If there are more growing plants than the number specified in Section 7(1) of Ballot Measure 67 (three mature plants and four immature plants), harvest all plants in excess of the specified number, but do not seize or destroy paraphernalia. 3. If there are significantly more growing plants than the number specified in Section 7(1) of Ballot Measure 67, harvest all growing plants and seize all paraphernalia (on the assumption that the medical use defense will not be valid as to any part of the grow). C. Marijuana Grown on Public Lands or on Private Property Without the Owner's Consent. Under these circumstances, an officer usually will be justified in seizing and disposing of marijuana and in seizing and thereafter seeking a destruction order for paraphernalia. [end of page] 6
------------------------------------------------------------------- Statewide Activists Meeting in Eugene 12/12/98 (The Cannabis Liberation Society in Eugene sponsors a meeting for Oregon marijuana-law and drug-policy-reform activists, 1-4 pm Saturday at Grower's Market.) Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 07:29:26 -0800 From: Dan Koozer (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: CanPat - Statewide Activists Mtg Eugene 12/12/98 Sender: email@example.com We are having a second statewide activists meeting at Grower's Market, 454 Willamette, 1p-4p, Sat 12/12/98. The first meeting was in Portland, 12/5/98. We'll be discussing among other things: The Election results and what they may mean. What's Next? Who's watching our backs in Salem? Forfeiture law reform. Any questions or opinions you might have. Dan *** Dan Koozer, President Cannabis Liberation Society PO Box 10957 Eugene, Oregon 97401 Info Line: (541) 349-0633 Free Or DrugFree - America Can't Be Both
------------------------------------------------------------------- Heroic Stand in Court (A list subscriber forwards a successful motion for dismissal of a marijuana case, filed by an Oregonian who was charged in Humboldt County, California.) Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 05:07:20 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: American Antiprohibition League (AAL@InetArena.com) Subject: DPFOR: CnbsCL - Heroic Stand in Court (fwd) Cc: Dpfor (Dpfor@drugsense.org) Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Sounds too good to be true? No name but a case number... Anybody else got anything on this? Floyd. Date: Tue, 8 Dec 1998 20:26:02 -0800 (PST) From: Charles Stewart (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: CnbsCL - Heroic Stand in Court (fwd) Sender: email@example.com ---------- Forwarded message ---------- From: "Charles Bruce, Stewart" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: BOUNCE email@example.com: Non-member submission from [RoadsEnd@aol.com] Date: Sat, 5 Dec 1998 11:45:31 EST To: firstname.lastname@example.org Yes, indeed. Stand-up for your rights. I just had a Criminal case dismissed, just before a jury trial. The last gambit of the war of attrition was the prosecution saying if I waive right my trial by jury and they were ready to go to trial. Gee, I said No, I do not waive my right. They said come back tommorrow at 8:30. I came, they dismissed. Ain't America Grand. Om K Here is a copy of my motion to dimiss. *** Rxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxn Defendant Superior Court of California County of Humboldt Case No. CR982721M The People of The State of California. Plaintiff, vs. Rxxxxxxxxxxxxxn Defendant Motion for Dismissal Now comes Rxxxxxxxxxn, accused of possesion of 'marijuana' . Mr. Mxxxxxn has asked the arresting officer, and judges "Quo warranto", meaning by what right, he was arrested and charged. Mr. Mxxxxxn has never been shown the authorizing legislatial jurisdiction arising from the State Constitution. Mr. Mxxxxn has had and does have a long-standing belief in our Federal and State Constitutions. Mr. Mxxxn has and does believe that there is no legislative jurisdiction for prohibitory possesional statutes. Marijuana is a plant given to humankind by Nature's God. There is no legislative jurisdiction concerning a personal relationship with one of nature's plants. Marijuana may be regulated. Marijuana may be excise taxed. Marijuana prohibitory laws are void 'ab initio'. To make alcohol illegal, which takes a manufacturing process, it took a constitutional amendment to the US Constitution. Continuance of this action will further the aggrievment of my civil liberties as expressed in both our US Constitution and the Constitution of the State of California, which affirms citizen's standings of unalienable rights in a republic of limited government powers. This aggrievment will not be covered-up by 'reticentia' or 'colour of law'. Mr. Mxxxxxn is a citizen of the State of Oregon, a citizen of the United States of America and stands upon his common-law heritage and rights and humbly asks for a dismissal of this case. Om K *** Aloha, He'Ping, Om, Shalom, Salaam. Em Hotep, Peace Be, Omnia Bona Bonis, All My Relations. Adieu, Adios, Aloha. Amen. Roads End Kris
------------------------------------------------------------------- Corruption In The System (The San Mateo County Times rewrites the recent favorable review of "The Prison-Industrial Complex" in The Atlantic Monthly, by syndicated columnist Molly Ivins.) Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1998 14:20:17 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Corruption In The System Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Tom O'Connell, MD Pubdate: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 Source: San Mateo County Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.newschoice.com/newspapers/alameda/smct/ Copyright: 1998 by MediaNews Group, Inc. and ANG Newspapers Columnist: Molly Ivins firstname.lastname@example.org Note: The superb referenced article, which is from the Atlantic Monthly, is posted, in three parts, at: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a04.html http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a05.html http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1114.a01.html CORRUPTION IN THE SYSTEM In the current issue of `The Atlantic Monthly' is "The Prison-Industrial Complex," a major investigation of just how out of control and increasingly corrupt the system is. But in order to understand the mistakes we're making in responding to the cry for more prisons, you first have to understand why we think we need them. Eric Schlosser reports: "The prison boom in the United States is a recent phenomenon. Throughout the first three-quarters of this century the nation's incarceration rate remained relatively stable, at about 110 prison inmates for every 100,000 people. In the mid-1970's the rate began to climb, doubling in the 1980's and then again in the 1990's. The rate is now 445 per 100,000: among adult men it is 1,100 per 100,000. During the past two decades roughly a thousand new prisons and jails have been built in the United States. Nevertheless, America's prisons are more overcrowded now than when the building spree began, and the inmate population continues to increase by 50,000 to 80,000 a year." Among Schlosser's other findings: * The proportion of offenders being sent to prison each year for violent crimes has actually fallen during the prison boom. In 1980, about half the people entering state prison were violent offenders; in 1995, less than a third had been convicted of violent crime. * The enormous increase in America's inmate populations is the direct consequence of the sentences given to nonviolent offenders -- mostly drug offenders. Crimes that in other countries would lead to community service, fines or drug treatment (or would not be crimes at all) are punished here with increasingly long prison terms, the most expensive of all possible options. * Since 1991, the rate of violent crime in the United States has fallen by about 20 percent, while the number of people in prison or jail has risen by 50 percent. This leads to a perfectly circular argument by those in the prison-industrial complex: If crime is going up, we need to build more prisons; if crime is going down, it's because we built more prisons -- and building even more of them will drive the crime rate even lower. (For those of you who missed Sociology I, the crime rate has dropped because the crime-committing cohort -- those aged 15 to 24 -- is smaller; unfortunately, it's about to go up again, and so will the crime rate.) * About 70 percent of prison inmates are illiterate. About 200,000 of the 2 million incarcerated are seriously mentally ill. Sixty to 80 percent of prisoners have a long history of substance abuse. The number of drug treatment slots available in U.S. prisons has declined by more than one half since 1993. Drug treatment is now available to just one in 10 inmates who needs it. * Among those arrested for violent crimes, the proportion of African- Americans has changed little during the past 20 years; among those arrested for drug crimes, the proportion who are African-American has tripled. * The number of women sentenced to prison has increased 12 times since 1970; of the 80,000 women now in prison, about 70 percent are nonviolent offenders. About 75 percent have children. Schlosser's crucial findings are that the prison-industrial complex is a set of bureaucratic, political and economic interests that encourage increased spending on prisons, regardless of actual need. "It is not a conspiracy, it is a confluence of special interests . . . politicians, both liberal and conservative, who have used fear of crime to gain votes; impoverished rural areas where prisons have become a cornerstone of economic development; private companies that regard the roughly $35 billion spent each year on corrections not as a burden on American taxpayers but as a lucrative market; and government officials whose fiefdoms have expanded along with the inmate population. . . . The prison-industrial complex includes some of the nation's largest architectural and construction firms, Wall Street investment banks and companies that sell everything from security cameras to padded cells available in a `vast color selection.' " Perhaps the most alarming conclusion is that the prison-industrial complex is not just a set of interest groups and institutions. "It is also a state of mind. The lure of big money is corrupting the nation's criminal-justice system, replacing notions of public service with a drive for higher profits. The eagerness of elected officials to pass `tough-on-crime' legislation -- combined with their unwillingness to disclose the true costs of these laws -- has encouraged all kinds of financial improprieties."
------------------------------------------------------------------- S. Texas sheriff arrested for theft - He's accused of taking drug money (An Associated Press article in The Dallas Morning News says Frio County Sheriff Carl Henry Burris was arrested Tuesday on charges that he stole nearly $12,000 in drug money and tried to replace it by selling marijuana.) From: adbryan@ONRAMP.NET Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 08:20:01 -0600 (CST) Subject: ART: S. Texas sheriff arrested for theft To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Another one for the drug corruption files. Dallas Morning News http://www.dallasnews.com firstname.lastname@example.org S. Texas sheriff arrested for theft He's accused of taking drug money 12/09/98 Associated Press SAN ANTONIO - Frio County Sheriff Carl Henry Burris was arrested Tuesday on charges that he stole nearly $12,000 in drug money and tried to replace it by selling marijuana. The charges stem from an investigation that started in 1996 when Sheriff Burris' former deputy and political rival Kenneth Zunker approached authorities, according to a detailed FBI affidavit. Mr. Zunker, a former Frio County deputy who made an unsuccessful bid for Sheriff Burris' post in 1996, alleged that his former boss stole $11,726 from suspected drug dealers in 1994. "According to Deputy Zunker, Burris took a three-week vacation to Florida beginning the week following the seizure," the affidavit states. Sheriff Burris, who has been sheriff since 1992, also was accused of trying to replace the money by trying to sell 62 pounds of confiscated marijuana. The marijuana, the affidavit states, still carried the label indicating it came from a 1994 Frio County bust by Texas Department of Public Safety officers. The buyer turned out to be an FBI informant. A bond hearing was scheduled Wednesday for Sheriff Burris, 51, who was ordered Tuesday to undergo mental tests. If convicted of the charges, Sheriff Burris could be fined and imprisoned up to 15 years. Frio County is about an hour south of San Antonio.
------------------------------------------------------------------- FBI Arrests South Texas Sheriff (The UPI version) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 21:26:04 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: Wire: FBI Arrests South Texas Sheriff Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: 9 Dec 1998 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1998 United Press International FBI ARRESTS SOUTH TEXAS SHERIFF SAN ANTONIO, Dec. 8 (UPI) - The FBI has arrested Frio County Sheriff Carl Burris on public corruption charges. Special agent Roderick Beverly said today the 51-year-old Burris is accused of taking $11,000 from suspected drug dealers who were pulled over in Frio County in 1994. Beverly says that when Burris learned the FBI was onto him, he stole 62 pounds of marijuana from the evidence room at the sheriff's office and gave it to a ``cooperative witness.'' Burris allegedly told the witness to sell the marijuana and bring him the money so he could replace the missing $11,000. Beverly says Burris could get 15 years in prison if convicted of the public corruption charge. No other Frio County officers are suspected in the case. Frio County is southwest of San Antonio.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Heroin bust largest in state history (The Associated Press says a 23-year-old New Jersey woman was arrested Wednesday with about $250,000 worth of heroin in the largest such bust in New Hampshire's history. Evelyn Abreu faces life in prison.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Another biggest heroin bust ever in NH Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 20:37:21 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Heroin bust largest in state history By Holly Bedard, Associated Press, 12/09/98 19:21 CONCORD, N.H. (AP) - A New Jersey woman was arrested in the largest heroin bust in New Hampshire's history, the attorney general said Wednesday. Evelyn Abreu, 23, of Perth Amboy, N.J., was arrested without incident as she was bringing about $250,000 worth of heroin into the state from the New York-New Jersey area, and charged with selling six ounces of heroin, Attorney General Philip McLaughlin said at a news conference. Abreu was arraigned Wednesday morning in Nashua District Court and could face life in prison, if convicted. The heroin was wrapped with latex into shotgun shell-sized capsules, which were then dipped into wax. The drugs could then be swallowed and excreted. Authorities seized 15 capsules, authorities said. The bust followed a 14-month undercover investigation in which authorities said they also seized 4 pounds of cocaine, valued at $235,000; six pounds of marijuana, valued at $12,000; several vehicles; a Manchester fishing business; and $25,000 in cash. Senior Assistant Attorney General Mark Zuckerman, chief of the Criminal Justice Bureau, said the seizure significantly will reduce the availability of heroin in New Hampshire. McLaughlin used the news conference to warn drug dealers. ``The person you sell to may work for me. The person with whom you partner and think is your business associate may work for me. If not today, then tomorrow. Think of that when you try to ply your trade,'' he said. Involved in the investigation were the attorney general's Drug Task Force, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, and the Manchester and Nashua police departments.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Drug War's Political Climate (An op-ed in The Hartford Courant by a co-founder of the NORML chapter at Western Connecticut State University in Danbury says the most damaging aspect of the drug war political climate, and the one most in need of change, is not the ignoring of evidence, but the demonization of those who express dissent. The United States is one of the worst offenders in this category.) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 20:47:55 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CT: PUB OPED: The Drug War's Political Climate Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Tom Von Deck Pubdate: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 Source: Hartford Courant (CT) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.courant.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Hartford Courant Author: Tom Von Deck Note: Tom Von Deck is the Co-founder of a chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws at Western Connecticut State University in Danbury, where he is a senior majoring in mathematics. Note: In the center in large bold print: "Research is generally ignored in favor of moral arguments and political posturing" THE DRUG WAR'S POLITICAL CLIMATE While members of the marijuana reform movement as well as drug policy activists may disagree on what types of reform are needed, we all agree on two issues: opposition to our current all-out war on some drugs and the people who they are associated with, and the need for an open evaluation of our current policies that is free of moral demonization. The former will not be commented on in this writing. However, the latter issue needs to be addressed in order to open the door for those who are afraid to express dissent. A number of major studies of drug policy have been released by government appointed as well as independent commissions in Canada, the United States, Australia, the Netherlands, England, and many other places, including Connecticut. None of these studies support what we're currently doing with our policies. The Connecticut Law Revision Commission recommended a variety of reforms last year, including decriminalization of marijuana possession, and some of these recommendations were followed by legislation. However, a positive response to such studies is the exception rather than the rule. Drug policy is one of the areas of public policy where research is generally ignored in favor of moral arguments and political posturing. President Nixon appointed a commission on marijuana, chaired by former Pennsylvania Governor Raymond Shafer. When the study was completed and the policy recommendations were released, the President didn't like what he saw. So he ensured that the media pay no attention to it. They ignored it. Since then, the federal government has refused requests for such studies. The most damaging aspect of the drug war political climate, however, is not the ignoring of evidence, but the demonization of all who express dissent. After reading numerous newspaper articles from around the world on these issues, I can safely conclude that the United States is one of the worst offenders in this category. A few years ago, Surgeon General Jocelyn Elders was fired for responding to a question, saying that legalization should be studied. It was not even for supporting legalization, but for advocating a study. That's not all. Advocates of medical marijuana are daily being accused of being leftover flower children or "drug users" whose sole agenda is to "legalize all drugs" using a "trojan horse" disguised as medical use. All who oppose the prosecution of those who find marijuana to be their only hope are accused of using the sick and dying merely as an excuse to further this "sinister" agenda. The accusers ignore the fact that the organizations that have been pushing the recent wave of marijuana related voter legislation initiatives are generally being run by doctors and AIDS patients. There is currently a strong need to break the taboo and the stigma that drug war critics must contend with every day. The Lindesmith center, a drug policy think tank, recognized this reality when they purchased two pages of ad space in the New York Times for an open letter to U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan. The letter appeared last June on the first day of the United Nations special session on drug control. It asked Annan to take the lead in "stimulating a frank and honest evaluation of global drug control efforts". Among the 500 prominant signatories: Former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, former republican US Secretary of State George Schultz, and Walter Cronkite, as well as health professionals, Nobel Laureates, and members of the criminal justice system. It was hoped that the credentials and titles of the signatories would add some credibility to the argument and destroy the stereotypes. This goal was achieved in part, but not without an explosion. The letter sparked a world wide editorial debate in most major publications and drew intense opposition from many public officials. A Wall Street Journal editorial suggested that the signatories were bamboozled by the "legalization" conspiracy, and that "the future of the debate would profit if all of these people stated publicly whether they themselves use any of these drugs recreationally" One of the signers, Nobel-Prize winning economist and former Wall street Journal columnist Milton Friedman, responded to this point in a published letter saying "As for myself, I have not done so during the past 85-plus years. But I make no guarantees for the future". A.M. Rosenthal from the New York Times also wrote a damning article claiming that the signatories were "legalizers" camouflaging their secret sinister agenda to "legalize" drugs (whatever that means). Retired General Barry McCaffrey, Clinton's drug czar, testified before congress saying that "There is a carefully camouflaged, exorbitantly funded, well-heeled, elitist group whose ultimate goal is to legalize drug use in the United States" and "Through a slick misinformation campaign, they perpetuated a fraud on the American people...so devious that even some of the nation's most respected newspapers and sophisticated media are capable of echoing their falsehoods". The United Nations is now planning to draft international legislation that would criminalize opposition to the drug war (Let's see the Land of the Free get away with that one). In summary, don't let anyone tell you that the war on drugs is only a metaphor. It's a war. Just remember the words of James Reston: "...In any war, the first casualty is common sense, and the second is free and open discussion."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Two officers suspended in separate incidents (The Associated Press says two New York City police officers were suspended without pay Wednesday - one for allegedly shooting his wife and the other for charges stemming from a drunk driving accident that killed his girlfriend. Both officers were off-duty at the time and are suspended for a maximum of 30 days.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: How can suck people become NYC cops? Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 20:39:12 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Two officers suspended in separate incidents By Donna De La Cruz Associated Press 12/09/98 17:55 NEW YORK (AP) - Two city officers were suspended without pay Wednesday - one for allegedly shooting his wife and the other for charges stemming from a drunk driving accident that killed his girlfriend. Both officers were off-duty at the time and are suspended for a maximum of 30 days. Officer Anthony Tamburro, 31, was arrested Wednesday after he allegedly shot his wife in the face at their Coram, Long Island, home at 4:30 a.m., said Detective Lt. Gregory McVeigh of the Suffolk County Police Department. The couple's two children were asleep at the time of the shooting and were not hurt. Police were investigating the motive for the shooting. Tamburro, on the force nearly seven years, left after the shooting for his 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. shift at the Central Park Precinct. Elizabeth Tamburro, 32, was able to call police and give them a description of her husband and the car he was driving. Police found his car at the Ronkonkoma train station and went to the Deer Park Station further down the line and arrested him on the train, McVeigh said. Tamburro is in police custody and was to be arraigned Thursday. Mrs. Tamburro was shot in the jaw and was listed in stable condition at University Medical Center, Stony Brook. Tamburro has a history of domestic violence in Suffolk County, but police did not give specific details. He called police in March saying his wife threw a rag at him during an argument. Also suspended was Officer Michael Browne Jr., who marked his one-year anniversary on the force Tuesday. Browne, of Whitestone, was driving on Cozy Lake Road in Jefferson Township, N.J., when he failed to negotiate a curve and lost control of his 1989 Nissan Pickup at 3:16 a.m. Wednesday, said Officer Eric Wilsusen of Jefferson Township. Browne's car then struck a tree, but the 24-year-old fled on foot before police arrived on the scene, Wilsusen said. The Morris County Sheriff's K-9 Unit was brought in and Browne was located nearby in a wooded area. Maura Bronson, Browne's girlfriend, was pronounced dead at the scene. The 23-year-old resident of Jefferson Township was the only passenger. Browne, assigned to Manhattan's 13th Precinct, was treated at Dover General Hospital for minor injuries. He is charged with vehicular homicide, obstructing justice, driving while intoxicated, leaving the scene of an accident and illegal possession of a weapon - he had a 12-inch hunting knife on him when police found him in the woods, Wilsusen said. Browne threatened to kill the dogs and himself with the knife, but was apprehended safely, Wilsusen said. A judge set bail at $20,000 - cash or property bond. Browne remained in police custody Wednesday and underwent a mandatory psychological evaluation, Wilsusen said. *** When away, you can STOP and RESTART W.H.E.N.'s news clippings by sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Ignore the Subject: line. In the body put "unsubscribe when" to STOP. To RESTART, put "subscribe when" in the e-mail instead (No quotation marks.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Press Clips - Joint Effort (The Village Voice, in New York, paints an ugly portrait of media hacks who crashed an election-night party in Washington, DC, sponsored by the Marijuana Policy Project, and pestered guests for marijuana.) Date: Thu, 10 Dec 1998 18:08:11 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: MMJ: Column: Press Clips: Joint Effort Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: 9 - 15 Dec 1998 Source: Village Voice (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.villagevoice.com/ Copyright: 1998 VV Publishing Corporation Columnist: Press Clips by cynthia cotts Note: The Weekly Standard website is at http://www.weeklystandard.com/ and their email address is email@example.com JOINT EFFORT Matt Labash, a staff writer for the conservative magazine The Weekly Standard, has made it a trademark of his journalism to infiltrate left-wing gatherings and ridicule them. So when Labash received an invitation to an election-night party for medical marijuana supporters, he couldn't resist. He called the Marijuana Policy Project, the D.C.-based lobbying group that was hosting the party, and talked to MPP director of communications Chuck Thomas. "Will we see people smoking pot there?" asked Labash. "No one will be smoking pot," Thomas recalls telling him, "but we can introduce you to patients who use it for medical purposes, if you need a photo." The night of November 3, some 200 people attended the MPP party at Food for Thought, a bar-restaurant near Dupont Circle. The mood was festive, as exit polls were indicating strong voter support for medical marijuana referenda in Washington, D.C., and several states. Around 11:30, as party goers were drinking, dancing, and watching election returns on TV, Labash arrived with David Bass, the deputy publisher of The Weekly Standard, and ordered a couple of beers. MPP volunteer Whitney Painter approached the two men, who stood out with their slicked hair and suits. After a few minutes, she says, she realized "they were on a mission. All they wanted to know was, could I buy pot for them, did someone there have some, how much did I smoke. I said, 'You're not going to find any marijuana here. That's not what this is about. It's about sick people going to prison."' Painter steered Bass and Labash to Chuck Thomas, whose account of the interview follows. One of the two said, "You said there would be people with pot here. How can we go about getting some?" Thomas explained that the law had not yet gone into effect, but that when it did, marijuana would be available to people who were seriously ill and had a doctor's recommendation. One of the reporters said, "But we listen to Cypress Hill! We watch Cheech and Chong! How can we get some pot?" Thomas answered, "If you have concerns about medical marijuana, tell me what they are, and I'll try to address them." Then Labash said, "Dave likes to smoke pot," upon which Bass gave Labash a stern look. Labash said, "But Dave, you've smoked in front of me." Labash was probably joking, but Thomas did not like being mocked. "I've done hundreds of interviews," he says, "and this was the weirdest ever. They were asking tabloid-quality questions, really just fishing and not catching anything." After midnight, the two journalists continued to buttonhole party goers. After about 10 people complained to MPP executive director Robert Kampia that they were being asked for pot, he decided to put an end to it. His account follows. Kampia walked up to Bass and Labash mid interview, saying, "Have you asked anyone here for marijuana, in any way, shape, or form?" "No," said one. "Sort of," said the other. "That's it!" Kampia said. "You're out of here!" "We're the media," said one. "You can't tell us to leave!" According to one observer, David Bass puffed up his chest and joked that he was a marine. Then a rumble broke out, as Kampia grabbed Bass by the lapels and pushed him. "His beer went flying, his friend lunged at me, and all kinds of Marijuana Policy Project people dived in the middle," recalls Kampia. When the dust cleared, the two reporters were gone. Thomas and Kampia are still fuming about the incident, which they recounted to the Washington Post, to no avail. "It didn't occur to them that any of us could be sincere," says Kampia. "They were sure this was a facade so we could deal drugs in the back room, rather than a legitimate political issue." Labash calls the story ludicrous. "I may have jokingly inquired about the propensity of medical marijuana activists to use marijuana at their medical marijuana party, but in absolutely no way did I attempt to procure marijuana, medical or otherwise," he says. The November 16 Weekly Standard ran a series of election-night vignettes, but not a word about the party at Food for Thought.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Get the Guest? The Supreme Court Protects Some Visitors From Searches (A staff editorial in The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette comments on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision that the Fourth Amendment protection against unreasonable searches don't always cover short-term visitors to a private residence. Justice Anthony Kennedy, who contributed a fifth vote to the ruling, wrote that the majority opinion is "consistent with my view that almost all social guests have protection against unreasonable searches, in their host's home." The "almost all" qualification invites police to test the limits.) Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Thu, 09 Dec 1998 Source: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.post-gazette.com/ Copyright: 1998 PG Publishing. GET THE GUEST? \ THE SUPREME COURT PROTECTS SOME VISITORS FROM SEARCHES If a man's home is his castle for purposes of warding off unreasonable police searches, what about the "castle's" guests? Overnight guests long have enjoyed the same privacy protections as homeowners under the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution. Now the U.S. Supreme Court has concluded that protections against unreasonable searches also cover some visitors who don't sleep over. Some, but not all. In a recent ruling in a Minnesota case, a majority of Supreme Court justices endorsed the view that, even if most casual visitors to a house enjoy privacy protections, some visitors have too "fleeting" a connection with the premises to be protected against unreasonable police searches. The ruling upheld the convictions of two cocaine dealers who were arrested after a police officer spotted them and a woman placing a white substance in plastic bags when the officer peeked through the closed blinds of her apartment. The decision was complex, with various justices agreeing and disagreeing on separate aspects of the case. Chief Justice William Rehnquist's majority opinion upholding the convictions held that "an overnight guest in a home may claim the protection of the Fourth Amendment, but one who is merely present with the consent of the householder may not." But Justice Anthony Kennedy, contributing a fifth vote to the chief justice's opinion, explained separately that the majority opinion is "consistent with my view that almost all social guests have protection against unreasonable searches, in their host's home." The "almost all" qualification invites police to test the limits. It would have been better if the court had ruled clearly that all individuals welcomed to a house - guest, neighbor or pizza delivery person - shares the privacy protections accorded their hosts. That doesn't mean the police couldn't investigate criminal activity that goes on behind the closed doors of a family home; it does mean that they would have to proceed with probable cause.
------------------------------------------------------------------- D.C. Fires 19 School Bus Drivers (An Associated Press article in The Las Vegas Sun says District of Columbia school officials discovered some of the school-bus drivers had drunken-driving convictions or had tested positive for "drug" use. Three administrative clerks were also dismissed for tampering with bus driver records.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: D.C. Fires 19 School Bus Drivers Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1998 19:18:20 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Las Vegas SUN Pubdate: December 09, 1998 Online: http://www.lasvegassun.com/sunbin/stories/nat-gen/1998/dec/09/121000379.html D.C. Fires 19 School Bus Drivers WASHINGTON (AP) -- Nineteen bus drivers who transport special education students in the District of Columbia have been fired after school officials discovered some of them have drunken-driving convictions or have tested positive for drug use. School officials said Wednesday they expect more drivers to be fired in the weeks to come as the FBI completes background checks on the rest of the bus force. Three administrative clerks also were dismissed for tampering with bus driver records. School spokeswoman Denise Tann would not reveal the identity of the employees, but said the 19 drivers were employed by a contractor hired to oversee bus operations. District School Superintendent Arlene Ackerman has asked the FBI to conduct background checks on all drivers, which include 200 employed by an outside firm and 100 employed by the school district. The 19 fired drivers had drunken-driving convictions, had tested positive for drug-use, lacked valid commercial driver's license or had committed other offenses that could be harmful to the safety of the children, officials said. The district provides bus service primarily for several thousand special education students to schools throughout the area. Concerns were raised in October when six drivers were dismissed for failing drug tests, and a clerk in the safety and training office was fired for covering up those test results. Last week, school officials ordered bus drivers to undergo immediate drug testing.
------------------------------------------------------------------- New FDA Chief Vows To Put Science First (The Orange County Register says Dr. Jane Henney of the US Food and Drug Administration was responding Tuesday to criticism that the agency was too easily influenced by pressure from the pharmaceutical industry.)Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 16:31:00 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: New FDA Chief Vows To Put Science First Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W. Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Pubdate: 9 Dec 1998 NEW FDA CHIEF VOWS TO PUT SCIENCE FIRST The new director of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Dr. Jane Henney, promised Tuesday to strengthen the science base of an agency criticized in recent years for bowing to industry pressure. The cancer specialist, speaking publicly for the first time since taking over as head of the FDA, promised to put the agency at the "top of the science game." "I believe that the discipline of science and a scientific approach must ground our decision-making." she told an audience that included several hundred FDA medical officers at the agency's annual science forum in Washington. "We must apply scientific principles to product reviews." she added. From Register news services
------------------------------------------------------------------- Effective Medical Treatment Of Opiate Addiction (The Journal of the American Medical Association describes how a panel of medical experts was created to reach consensus on how best to provide effective medical treatment for opiate addiction. The objective was to provide clinicians, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of the effective approaches to treat opiate dependence. The panel concluded that opiate dependence is a brain-related medical disorder that can be effectively treated, with significant benefits for the patient and society. The panel also concluded society must make a commitment to offer effective treatment - including methadone - for all who need it - and the law should be changed so doctors can prescribe methadone more widely.) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 19:55:22 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: JAMA: Effective Medical Treatment Of Opiate Addiction Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (David Hadorn) Pubdate: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (US) Contact: JAMAemail@example.com Website: http://www.ama-assn.org/public/journals/jama/ Copyright: 1998 American Medical Association. Abstracts - December 9, 1998 EFFECTIVE MEDICAL TREATMENT OF OPIATE ADDICTION National Consensus Development Panel on Effective Medical Treatment of Opiate Addiction Objective.--To provide clinicians, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of the effective approaches to treat opiate dependence. Participants.--A nonfederal, nonadvocate, 12-member panel representing the fields of psychology, psychiatry, behavioral medicine, family medicine, drug abuse, epidemiology, and the public. In addition, 25 experts from these same fields presented data to the panel and a conference audience of 600. Presentations and discussions were divided into 3 phases over 2=BD days: (1) presentations by investigators working in the areas relevant to the consensus questions during a 2-day public session; (2) questions and statements from conference attendees during open discussion periods that are part of the public session; and (3) closed deliberations by the panel during the remainder of the second day and morning of a third day. The conference was organized and supported by the Office of Medical Applications of Research, National Institutes of Health. Evidence.--The literature was searched through MEDLINE and other National Library of Medicine and online databases from January 1994 through September 1997 and an extensive bibliography of 941 references was provided to the panel and the conference audience. Experts prepared abstracts for their presentations as speakers at the conference with relevant citations from the literature. Scientific evidence was given precedence over clinical anecdotal experience. Consensus Process.--The panel, answering predefined questions, developed its conclusions based on the scientific evidence presented in open forum and the scientific literature. The panel composed a draft statement that was read in its entirety and circulated to the experts and the audience for comment. Thereafter, the panel resolved conflicting recommendations and released a revised statement at the end of the conference. The panel finalized the revisions within a few weeks after the conference. The draft statement was made available on the World Wide Web immediately following its release at the conference and was updated with the panel's final revisions. Conclusions.-- Opiate dependence is a brain-related medical disorder that can be effectively treated with significant benefits for the patient and society, and society must make a commitment to offer effective treatment for opiate dependence to all who need it. All persons dependent on opiates should have access to methadone hydrochloride maintenance therapy under legal supervision, and the US Office of National Drug Control Policy and the US Department of Justice should take the necessary steps to implement this recommendation. There is a need for improved training for physicians and other health care professionals. Training to determine diagnosis and treatment of opiate dependence should also be improved in medical schools. The unnecessary regulations of methadone maintenance therapy and other long-acting opiate agonist treatment programs should be reduced, and coverage for these programs should be a required benefit in public and private insurance programs. JAMA. 1998;280:1936-1943
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sparks Fly at Hemp Shop Hearing (The Vancouver Sun describes the city council hearing yesterday in Vancouver, British Columbia, where municipal officials and lawyers tried to deny a business license for Hemp BC.) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Cannabis Culture) To: email@example.com Subject: CC: HempBC Hearing at City Hall Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1998 22:58:56 -0800 Lines: 176 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Cannabis Culture (http://www.cannabisculture.com/) Vancouver Sun firstname.lastname@example.org Wednesday, December 9, 1998 Sparks Fly at Hemp Shop Hearing By Shane McCune Charges of broken promises and bad faith flew yesterday as Vancouver city council began its much delayed show-cause hearing into the Cannabis Cafe and Hemp BC. Council is to decide whether it will deny a business licence to the businesses. As the hearing opened, Brent Lokash and Jim Millar, lawyers for shop owner Shelley Francis, were outraged to learn that city lawyers had prepared each councillor with a binder that included evidence police are to give in Francis' criminal trial on drug-paraphernalia charges. The binders contained reams of evidence referring to Marc Emery, who sold the two Hastings Street shops to Francis (aka Sister Icee) last spring. Last month, Francis' lawyers negotiated a deal with George Macintosh, a high-profile lawyer retained by the city. Francis agreed to drop a court petition against the show-cause hearing, and the city agreed not to raise allegations of Criminal Code violations. But as city lawyer John Nelson questioned licensing inspector Paul Teichroeb about his refusal to grant Francis a business licence, many of Teichroeb's answers were based on police testimony alleging marijuana consumption on the premises. "It seems the material presented to council refers to [the Criminal Code section dealing with drug paraphernalia] extensively," Millar said. "We raise a concern that Ms Francis' ability to get a fair trial is being interfered with." "Your objection is noted," said Deputy Mayor George Puil, who then ordered the hearing to proceed. Puil chaired the hearing because Mayor Philip Owen - who said last summer Emery's business would be "toast" by September - had removed himself from the proceedings. "This should not be before council," Millar said, his voice rising. "This should have been taken out of the binders. This proceeding should be adjourned." When Millar asked for a short break to consider withdrawing from the hearing, Nelson reminded him, "We have an agreement," prompting sarcastic laughter in the gallery. Adjourning the hearing at noon, Puil ordered it to reconvene tomorrow, drawing protests from Millar, Lokash and Councilor Nancy Chiavario, all of whom said city staff had agreed the hearing would resume Jan 26. Jonathan Baker, a former councillor who heads Lokash's law firm, said: "The procedure is so out to lunch that I don't know what to say. It appears one cannot make deals with you. "
------------------------------------------------------------------- City Hearing about Cannabis Cafe turns into Kangaroo Court (Vancouver Sun columnist Ian Mulgrew says the city council hearing Tuesday in Vancouver, British Columbia, regarding Hemp BC's business license turned into a farcical kangaroo court.) From: email@example.com (Cannabis Culture) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: CC: HempBC Hearing at City Hall Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1998 22:58:56 -0800 Lines: 176 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Cannabis Culture (http://www.cannabisculture.com/) City Hearing about Cannabis Cafe turns into Kangaroo Court Vancouver Sun email@example.com Wednesday, Dec 9, 1998 By Ian Mulgrew Vancouver city council's war against those who would make the city into an Amsterdam on the Pacific, particularly the owners of the Cannabis Cafe, turned into farce Tuesday. Councillor George Puil, who was filling in for Mayor Philip Owen (absent because of foot-in-mouth disease), and city lawyer John Nelson turned what was ostensibly a hearing to determine if the cafe should get a business licence into a kangaroo court. Even two of his fellow councillors were astounded at the travesty that occurred. "Out to lunch," said Nancy Chiavario. "Ridiculous," muttered Alan Herber. The 20 or so spectators hurled worse epithets after a three-hour display of municipal hubris. At issue was the city's refusal to grant a 1998 business licence to Shelley Francis, who operates Sister Icee's Hemp BC and Cannabis Cafe at 307 West Hastings Street. These establishments were formerly owned by Marc Emery, who was a thorn in the side of Owen and the police department because of his pro-marijuana activism. (Owen wasn't in the chair or even present because comments he made to a reporter forced him to remove himself from the hearing because of the appearance of bias.) Rather than cleaning up the crack dealers at Main and Hastings, police chose to devote the time of undercover police officers to target against Emery, whose upscale, trendy operations offered coffees, snacks, hemp products and the illicit herb. Faced with criminal charges and continuing police harassment, Emery sold his businesses to Francis. Although she signed an agreement with the city promising not to sell, promote, or facilitate the sale of marijuana and has met the necessary requirements for a business permit, Francis finds herself being persecuted, too. City staff, for instance, hired an auditor to check whether she was paying GST or PST, even though those taxes are completely outside municipal jurisdiction. When the business licence hearing was originally scheduled - so staff could justify their egregious behaviour and Francis could make her case - she found herself being damned by evidence gathered in a criminal case, launched against her for selling drug paraphernalia such as pipes and rolling papers. Francis has not been convicted of any offence in the last five years and she has not faced trial yet for breaching a section of the criminal code whose constitutionality is greatly in doubt. As a result, her lawyers asked BC Supreme Court to prevent council from jeopardizing her right to a fair trial by airing evidence related to the questionable charge. An agreement was reached whereby Francis agreed to withdraw her application for an injunction in exchange for the city focusing its case on specific licensing concerns. No sooner had Tuesday's hearing begun than it was evident Nelson had no intention of abiding by the spirit of that agreement. "We are relying on a literal interpretation of the agreement," he said smugly. In his presentation, Nelson spent his time documenting Emery's transgressions and referring councillors to the very police material that is before the courts. "The agreement we had with the city is being totally violated," said ex-councillor Jonathan Baker, one of Francis' lawyers. The constant objections by her lawyers at the way the hearing was being conducted were mocked by Chairman Puil's pithy: "Noted." When he couldn't finish the hearing Tuesday, Puil arbitrarily decided it would reconvene Thursday. Although lawyers for Francis and the city had agreed it would be put over until the New Year, and although councillors were advised by the clerk's office that it would be put over, Puil waved their complaints aside. If it isn't finished on Thursday, he said he'd hold hearings on Christmas Day and he didn't care who could come. *** Ridiculous. Out to lunch. Couldn't have said it better myself. Note to Readers: Marc Emery never sold marijuana at his Cannabis Cafe nor at Hemp BC, although he did and still does sell some of the best seeds available anywhere. He can be reached for seed orders at (604) 681-4690. Dan Loehndorf Assistant Editor Cannabis Culture Magazine *** CClist, the electronic news and information service of Cannabis Culture To unsubscribe, send a message to firstname.lastname@example.org containing the command "unsubscribe cclist". *** Subscribe to Cannabis Culture Magazine! Write to: 324 West Hastings Street, Vancouver BC, CANADA, V6B 1A1 Call us at: (604) 669-9069, or fax (604) 669-9038. Visit Cannabis Culture online at http://www.cannabisculture.com/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Parents want strip-search teachers gone (A Canadian Press article in The Halifax Daily News, in Nova Scotia, says the board of education in Kingsville, Ontario, has asked the vice-principal and teacher who led the humiliating strip search of 19 Grade 9 students to leave Kingsville district high school and work at home until the board decides what else to do. Parents say they don't want the pair back - ever.)From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Parents want strip-search teachers gone Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 07:57:09 -0800 Lines: 97 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Halifax Daily News (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday, December 9, 1998 Parents want strip-search teachers gone KINGSVILLE, Ont. (CP) - The vice-principal who participated in the humiliating strip search of 19 Grade 9 students is said to admit he made a mistake. A board of education official also told a news conference in this southwestern Ontario community yesterday John MacDonald is devastated by his role in the incident. Both MacDonald and phys-ed teacher Dan Bondy have been asked to leave Kingsville district high and are working at home until the board decides what else to do. "It's inappropriate to discuss what action we might take at this point," said the board's Val Pistor. "That will come as a result of discussions with the trustees." Last Friday, the boys were taken one at a time into an office, ordered to remove their pants, then told to bend over as Bondy and MacDonald searched for missing money. Parents say they don't want the pair back - ever. "I want them out of there and hope they'll be dismissed," said the mother of one of the boys, a 13-year-old. A father whose 14-year-old son came home in tears because of the incident said the two men should not be allowed in any school in the Windsor, Ont., area. "How would you like to know that they're going to be involved with your child," he said. "They were the cause of those boys paying a price they didn't deserve to pay." The father also said whatever disciplinary action is taken by the board had better meet the approval of the parents. "The people in charge should not underestimate the power and anger of the parents." Some parents are considering legal action if measures taken by the board amount to a slap on the wrist. "I'm just waiting to see what the outcome will be before I decide to take further action," said another father whose voice shook with emotion as he talked about the incident and its effect on his 14-year-old son and the rest of the family. The parents were joined in their rage by one of Ontario's best-known dads. "I can tell you as a parent, I find it repulsive," Premier Mike Harris, whose boys are seven and 13, said at the legislature. "I personally think back to teenage years and Grade 9 and the challenges of puberty and of a very sensitive age and I can't imagine that there is a teacher or vice-principal anywhere in Ontario that would have been party to anything like this. "I find it abhorrent." At the school yesterday, administrators refused to give students late slips, which would have allowed them to miss the start of class so they could be interviewed by reporters hovering off school grounds. Older students, who say they pity the younger boys, tried to organize their second protest in two days, pulling the fire alarm and running through school halls in an effort to incite a walkout. "Everybody feels bad for them because they were subjected to something like that," said 18-year-old Tyson Gyurkovics. "I'm not even that educated, but I know what they did was wrong." Recently, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled teachers and principals have the right to search students on school premises if they believe school rules are being broken. But the court set guidelines on when searches are reasonable and how they should be conducted. At issue was whether a vice-principal at Georges P. Vanier junior high school in Fall River had the right to search a 13-year-old after receiving a tip he was carrying an illegal substance during a school dance in 1995. Education Minister Dave Johnson said in Toronto yesterday searches are supposed to be limited to serious matters that involve weapons and drugs, not money. The Education Ministry intends to circulate the proper guidelines to all Ontario schools, he said. Strip searches, Johnson added, are never acceptable.
------------------------------------------------------------------- School Strip Search Outrages Premier (UPI says Mike Harris, Ontario's provincial premier, says he finds it abhorrent that a group of Grade 9 students were strip searched in a school in the Windsor area.) Date: Fri, 11 Dec 1998 18:31:58 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: WIRE: School Strip Search Outrages Premier Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 Source: WIRE: United Press International Copyright: 1998 United Press International SCHOOL STRIP SEARCH OUTRAGES PREMIER TORONTO, Dec. 8 (UPI) - Ontario's provincial premier says he finds it abhorrent that a group of Grade 9 students were strip searched in a school in the Windsor area. Mike Harris was speaking about an incident at the Kingsville District High School, where the vice principle and gym teacher strip searched 20 boys after $90 were reported missing. The strip search took place on Friday, and about 200 students held a demonstration on the school grounds on Monday. Some of the victims told reporters they were taken into the gym teacher's office one at a time and told to take their pants off, so the vice principle and gym teacher could search their pockets. They said they were then told to take off their underwear, expose their buttocks and bend over. Enraged students informed their parents, one of whom called the police. Harris told reporters today he had children in Grade 8 himself and was deeply disturbed. He said he could think back to his teenage years and ``the challenges of puberty and a very sensitive age'' and could not imagine that teachers or a vice principle anywhere on Ontario ``would have been party for anything like this. I find it abhorrent.'' The local school board has ordered physical education teacher Dan Bondy and vice principle John MacDonald not to have contact with the students while the incident is investigated. Two weeks ago, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that principles have the right to search students on school premises if they had reasonable grounds to believe rules are being broken. The court's ruling came in the context of searches for narcotic drugs brought into schools, and set out careful guidelines for searches. Lawyers in the Windsor area said the two school staffers may have misinterpreted the ruling.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'A flight from common sense' (Toronto Sun columnist Heather Bird comments on the strip-search of 19 students in Kingsville, Ontario. What may be at the root of school officials' bizarre behaviour is a recent high court ruling that condoned searches of students and their lockers for weapons or drugs.) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: A flight from common sense Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 08:01:27 -0800 Lines: 105 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Toronto Sun (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday, December 9, 1998 Author: Heather Bird 'A flight from common sense' There was truly only one appropriate caption for the mug shots of the school authorities who made news this week for strip-searching their Grade 9 charges. Granted, "Dumb and Dumber" has already been used for a major motion picture. But it would also have been equally fitting under the photos of vice-principal John MacDonald and gym teacher Dan Bondy. Civil liberties honcho Alan Borovoy was a tad more polite yesterday when asked to characterize the actions of the two Kingsville school employees. "It was a flight from common sense," he says. As of last night, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association has not yet decided what action, if any, to take in the case. For those of you who have missed it, the controversy erupted during a class on Friday after a student at the Windsor-area school reported $90 missing from a gym bag. At first the 19 boys -- most of them 14-year-olds -- were locked in a room in an effort to coerce a confession from the thief. When one wasn't forthcoming, Bondy and MacDonald took the teenagers into an adjacent office one-by-one and strip-searched them. Their pants pockets were searched and the boys were also instructed to remove their underwear and bend over. Given the ages of the students involved, most complied, albeit grudgingly. The reaction was swift and furious. Some 200 students at the school staged a protest walkout on Monday and the director of education for Greater Essex county described it as "an unfortunate and horrible lapse in judgment." Premier Mike Harris branded the episode "repulsive" and "abhorrent," while education minister Dave Johnson called it a cause for concern. What may be at the root of the men's bizarre behaviour is a recent high court ruling that condoned searches of students and their lockers for weapons or drugs. "We have a concern that the recent decision of the Supreme Court of Canada may have created the impression in the minds of some of the educators that (this is appropriate)," Borovoy said. "I think it's really up to school boards and school authorities to make it clear to teachers and principals that strip-searches are taboo." In fact, a preliminary version of the ruling does state that "a different standard should be applied to searches by school authorities. Teachers and principals are placed in a position of trust that carries the onerous responsibilities of teaching and caring for the children's safety and well-being." It also says that "a search by school officials of a student under their authority need not be based upon reasonable and probable grounds." But the circumstances in that case were far different than what happened near Windsor. In the disputed case, the vice-principal had learned that a certain student might be selling drugs at the school dance. The vice-principal called the boy to the office and, in the presence of a police officer, asked him to turn out his pockets. The youngster complied. And when he was asked to turn up the leg of his pants, they discovered a bag of marijuana tucked into his sock. A lower court judge noted the search was not "a highly invasive search, such as a strip and body-cavity search." The Supreme Court found the student's Charter rights weren't violated because the search wasn't "unreasonable." The controversy comes at a time when Toronto Police are rethinking their body-search policy after a series of complaints. Although Police Services Board member Jeff Lyons is not expected to report until February, he has already arrived at some preliminary recommendations, which may include eliminating body-cavity searches. For one thing, Lyons says, "it's really hard to find a medical practitioner to do it." And, practically speaking, once you strip someone and ask them to bend over, "that usually solves the problem." (That's because anything hidden in the rectum is generally exposed in the process.) Lyons is also leaning toward faster bail hearings and keeping people in a holding area, rather than a jail cell, which would eliminate the necessity for many searches. In other words, what we're considering reserving for the worst-case scenarios in our police stations has already been inflicted on a group of youngsters in our school system. One hopes the kids will somehow find some valuable lessons in the experience -- perhaps on civil rights. At the very least, they'll learn how to spell l-i-t-i-g-a-t-i-o-n. Copyright (c) 1998, Canoe Limited Partnership.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Kingsville incident 'abuse of power' (According to The Toronto Star, educational law experts and school administrators agree the strip-search of 20 teenage boys at a Windsor-area school was an abuse of the broad powers granted to school officials. The newspaper implies the search would have been legal and proper if the object of the search had been guns or "drugs." Last month, the Supreme Court asserted there was an increasing problem with weapons and drugs in schools and declared that Canadian school authorities had the right to carry out warrantless searches.) Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 12:09:12 -0500 To: email@example.com From: Dave Haans (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: TorStar: Kingsville incident `abuse of power' Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, December 9, 1998 Page: A2 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: email@example.com Author: Michelle Shephard, Toronto Star Education Reporter Kingsville incident `abuse of power' Law experts, school officials decry actions The strip-search of 20 teenage boys at a Windsor-area school was an abuse of the broad powers granted to school officials, educational law experts and school administrators say. A vice-principal and teacher at Kingsville District High School were ordered this week to stay clear of students after reports they conducted a mass strip-search to find $90 that had gone missing during a gym class. ``If one is looking for a gun based on a reasonable suspicion, that's one thing,'' said Judge Marvin Zuker, an Ontario Court provincial division judge and education law professor at OISE. ``Money is another. ``There's no way that looking for money would necessitate a compelling enough interest of any kind of an intrusive search.'' Last month, a Supreme Court decision recognized the growing problem of weapons and drugs in schools and declared that Canadian school authorities had the right to carry out warrantless searches. But this decision only lends more emphasis to a right that educators have held for any number of years now. ``The Supreme Court of Canada case should not at all give any educators a springboard to start undertaking random or arbitrary searches of students. ``That's just not appropriate,'' said education lawyer Eric Roher. He is the author of An Educator's Guide To Violence In Schools. To properly conduct a search of a student, their personal belongings or locker, there must be ``reasonable grounds.'' In Supreme Court Justice Peter Cory's decision, he defined reasonable grounds as credible information from one or more students that confirms a school rule has been broken or a teacher's or principal's own observations. Random or dragnet searches are not included in this definition. ``The Supreme Court decision is not saying you can undertake a dragnet or sweep search of students in an arbitrary fashion. ``You have to have reasonable grounds to believe that either a school rule has been broken or that a criminal offence is being committed,'' Roher explained. ``To simply randomly search a bunch of students is totally, totally unacceptable.'' Roher also advises that police should be called if a strip-search is warranted. Toronto District School Board Chair Gail Nyberg called the incident a ``gross abuse of power.'' Toronto area principals were also dismayed by the report of strip-searching. ``We have asked . . . students to empty their pockets if there's a particular concern and most of the time, they are very willing to empty their pockets, but never have I had to strip-search a student,'' said Myrna Berlin, principal at Kipling Collegiate Institute. ``If we get to the point where we have felt that there's really a need (to search a student) we call the police . . . and parents.'' Under the Education Act and emphasized in the recent Supreme Court ruling, educators are permitted greater powers than police to conduct searches on school property. ``Students' expectation of privacy will be lessened while they attend school or a school function . . . ``A more lenient and flexible approach should be taken to searches conducted by teachers and principals than would apply to searches conducted by police,'' Cory wrote.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Board bans strip-searches (The Toronto Star says strip-searches have been banned by the Greater Essex school board as trustees try to determine the fate of a vice-principal and a gym teacher accused of strip-searching 20 teenaged students.) Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 12:11:18 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Haans (email@example.com) Subject: TorStar: Board bans strip-searches Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, December 9, 1998 Pages: A1, A2 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Peter Edwards and Daniel Girard, Toronto Star Staff Reporters Board bans strip-searches Windsor-area trustees must still decide on discipline Strip-searches have been banned by the Greater Essex school board as trustees try to determine the fate of a vice-principal and a gym teacher accused of strip-searching 20 teenaged students. The Windsor-area teachers will be allowed to ask students to turn their pockets inside-out or take off their shoes and socks in any future checks. But police must be called if the teacher wants to do a more intensive search out of fear a student might have a weapon or anything that might be a threat to others. ``Strip-searches will not be part of our policy,'' chairman George Kennedy said after the closed-door meeting last night. The Greater Essex County District Board of Education trustees drew up the new guidelines after outraged parents demanded to know why the boys, most of them 14-year-old Grade 9 students at Kingsville District High School, were strip-searched Friday by a vice-principal and gym teacher. ``The investigation is ongoing,'' Kennedy said. Board officials still haven't been able to talk to gym teacher Dan Bondy because he's trying to get a lawyer, said Kennedy. The school trustees have called a news conference for 9 a.m. today but Kennedy said the investigation is continuing. Premier Mike Harris called the strip-searches ``repulsive'' and ``abhorrent'' yesterday. ``I can tell you as a parent of a student now in Grade 8, one year away from Grade 9, I find it repulsive,'' a visibly angry Harris said on his way into a weekly caucus meeting. ``I personally think back to teenage years and Grade 9, and the challenges of puberty and of a very sensitive age, and I can't imagine that there is a teacher or a vice-principal anywhere in Ontario that would have been party to anything like this,'' he said. ``I find it abhorrent.'' School board trustees countered by telling Harris to mind his own business. Earlier in the day, a board of education official told a news conference in the southwestern Ontario community that vice-principal John MacDonald is devastated by his role in the incident. Both MacDonald and Bondy have been asked to leave Kingsville District High and are working at home until the board decides what to do. Kingsville police are also continuing to investigate. The boys' parents demanded the two men be banished from any area schools, echoing the fierce reaction from Toronto yesterday. Education Minister Dave Johnson said yesterday that people's reactions show ``that in general, there's not a tolerance for strip-searches, and I concur with that lack of tolerance.'' Some parents are considering legal action if measures taken by the school board amount to a slap on the wrist. Essex County Trustee Jim Cooke said last night that Harris should stay out of the issue and was being ``very irresponsible'' commenting on a case that police are investigating. ``This is our school board, not his,'' Cooke said before going into the meeting. Cooke would not comment on MacDonald or Bondy specifically. ``I'm not going to try these people in public,'' Cooke said. ``I know there's a lynch-mob mentality right now.'' When Karl Dean, president of the Greater Essex County District OSSTF, was asked about the Premier's remarks, he said it was ``inappropriate'' to comment before all the facts are presented. ``It doesn't surprise me,'' Dean said. ``It's typical of politicians to make these kind of comments . . . (but) Mike (Harris) of all people should know stuff that gets reported (in the media) may not be totally correct.'' Kennedy said trustees looked last night at only a partial report of the incident. The board's superintendent of education, Sue Zanin, said she hopes to have a full investigation on the incident completed by the end of the week. When Kennedy was told that some students and parents had lost faith in school officials, Kennedy said he hopes that somehow the students don't come out of it looking like heroes. ``I don't think the furor is there as much as the media would like to believe,'' Kennedy said. He said that any parents who have called him have been reassured that the matter is being investigated. ``We're not proud of it,'' Kennedy added. Some Kingsville students said they were concerned about the precedent the search may set. ``The only reason they got away with it was because they were first-semester Grade 9 students,'' said a student council member. Others worried their school was getting a bad reputation. ``Everybody's just talking about it . . . how it's a disgrace to our school,'' said 17-year-old Mike McIntyre. ``I think it's terrible,'' said Patti Howe, a 39-year-old with two daughters at the school. She said she warned her daughters to leave the school if any teacher ever asked them to remove clothing for a search. With files from Michelle Shephard, Ted Andkilde and Canadian Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Education minister orders new guidelines (The National Post, in Canada, says Dave Johnson, Ontario's education minister, has ordered the creation of new guidelines to ensure that teenagers are never again strip searched at school. Outrage over the strip search cut through all political lines with the general consensus being that the students' rights were violated by overzealous teachers and all urged the government to establish strict guidelines.) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Education minister orders new guidelines Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 08:10:01 -0800 Lines: 67 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: The National Post Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nationalpost.com/ Pubdate: Wednesday, December 09, 1998 Author: Richard Brennan, Southam News Education minister orders new guidelines after Ontario strip search Premier Repulsed: Consensus that students' rights were violated in search for missing money Dave Johnson, Ontario's education minister, has ordered the creation of new guidelines to ensure that teenagers are never again strip searched at school. Mr. Johnson described the incident in which 19 Grade 9 boys were strip searched by two officials at Kingsville District High School near Windsor as "intolerable". Dan Bondy, a physical education teacher, and John MacDonald, a first-year vice-principal, carried out the strip search last Friday as they investigated reports of a theft. Mike Harris, the premier of Ontario, said yesterday he was repulsed by the reports. "I can't imagine that there is a teacher or a vice-principal anywhere in Ontario who would have been party to anything like this. I find it abhorrent. I can tell you as a parent of a student now in Grade 8 . . . I find it repulsive," Mr. Harris said, referring to his oldest son Michael Jr. Outrage over the strip search cut through all political lines with the general consensus being that the students' rights were violated by overzealous teachers and all urged the government to establish strict guidelines. The two teachers, who each have 20 years experience, have been removed from classroom duties pending an investigation. The incident began Friday morning after a student reported $90 missing from his gym bag. The boys were taken one at a time into the physical education office and ordered to take off their pants, so the two men could search their pockets for the missing money. Some were then told to take off their underwear and told to bend over for a visible cavity search. The incident is being investigated by both Kingsville police and the Greater Essex County District Board. Kingsville District High School students were back in class yesterday after walking out the previous day in protest. Mr. Johnson said there is no place for strip searches in Ontario schools and said he had asked staff to come up with a province-wide policy for searching students that excludes stripping students. The minister said some school boards may be wrestling with a recent Supreme Court of Canada decision. The high court ruled that teachers and principals have the right to search students on school premises if they believe school rules are being broken. But the court also set guidelines on when searches are reasonable and how they should be conducted. The Supreme Court ruling followed a case of a vice-principal at a junior high school near Halifax, N.S., searching a 13-year-old carrying what was reported to be an illegal substance at a school dance in 1995. In that situation, police were called to witness the teacher search the student. Liberal MPP Bruce Crozier, whose Essex South riding includes Kingsville, said the strip search was a "violation of the rights, dignity and respect of the young people involved."
------------------------------------------------------------------- School visits turn up drugs (The New Brunswick Telegraph Journal says random searches at six schools have turned up small amounts of marijuana recently. Police say students and parents should be aware that any school could be searched at random by drug-sniffing dogs at any time.) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: School visits turn up drugs Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 14:05:30 -0800 Lines: 17 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: New Brunswick Telegraph Journal (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wednesday, December 09, 1998 School visits turn up drugs 12/9/98 The RNC is stepping up its drug-sniffing operation with police dogs by speaking to more students and searching more schools. In addition to visiting schools to talk about the dangers of drugs, police dog handlers and their partners Storm and Jery will be doing periodic searches of high schools in the RNC Northeast Avalon policing areas. In recent weeks, searches at six schools have turned up small amounts of marijuana. The RNC said students and parents should be aware any school could be searched at random by police at any time.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bloods take a DARE (The Lethbridge Herald, in Alberta, says Blood Tribe Police Constable Dale Murphy believes he's the first aboriginal police officer in Canada to instruct the 17-week Drug Abuse Resistance Education course on his own reservation.) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Bloods take a DARE Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 14:06:25 -0800 Lines: 66 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Lethbridge Herald (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: December 09, 1998 Author: Craig Albrecht Bloods take a DARE Blood Tribe Police Const. Dale Murphy DAREs to be different. Murphy is blazing new ground as the police departments Drug Abuse Resistance Education officer. The program, first established in California about a dozen years ago, teaches children how to resist pressure to take drugs or abuse alcohol. Murphy believes he's the first aboriginal police officer in Canada to instruct the 17-week course on his own reserve. While he was among 35 policeman most of them RCMP officers recently sent to Edmonton for DARE training, he points out aboriginal mounties are usually stationed far from their home turf. Given his unique situation, Murphy knows hell be under the microscope to some extent. A lot of people are wondering, is it going to work? he says. Murphy, for one, can only see benefits from the familiarity he enjoys. I think its a big benefit because Im a uniformed officer and from the reserve so they can relate to me a little bit more, he says. It's also a benefit in that Murphy knows many of the students parents and the home situation they find themselves in. The officer began instructing the program in late November. Although the course is aimed at Grade 6 students, he also deals on a less formal basis with younger and older students, some 400 in all. The Blood Tribe Police were looking for some means to get positive messages across to students and Murphy learned about the DARE program being taught in Lethbridge schools. I thought, that's a perfect thing to start out here. In other DARE programs Murphy says police often speak to students before they have first-hand knowledge of substance abuse. Some of the students he speaks to on the reserve may have already seen such problems at home and the message he provides may have more impact. I'm not saying every person here comes from a home where drugs or alcohol are abused, but at least they're getting the tools to use if they're ever faced with those problems, he says. The DARE program was also a means to increase police presence in the schools and provide a positive image. Murphy recalls the first day he walked into a school in uniform and several kids yelled police before scattering. Now they know when it's DARE day and they're running up to me wanting to talk, he says. The DARE curriculum is presented through lectures as well as skits and other activities. Murphy says he's not there to just tell students to say no to drugs and booze. Instead, he hopes to build up the students self-esteem so they can deal with peer pressure. He also informs them of the consequences of substance abuse, both criminal and health-wise. The Drug Abuse Resistance Education program not only benefits the students, but also police in the long run. If we can stop them (from abusing substances) here, at least we don't have to deal with them in the future, says Murphy. My goal is not necessarily to help every student on the reserve because that's not realistic. But if we can reach a few of them and break the cycle of use and misuse of alcohol, that's a start.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Panama Pull-Out May Hurt DoD's Anti-Drug Mission (Jane's Defence Weekly says US military counter-narcotics operations in Latin America are expected to suffer, at least temporarily, when the Department of Defense pulls its forces out of Panama next year.) Date: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 13:52:01 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Panama Pull-Out May Hurt DoD's Anti-Drug Mission Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul Lewin Source: Jane's Defence Weekly Copyright: 1998 Jane's Information Group Limited Pubdate: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 Website: http://jdw.janes.com/ Author: Bryan Bender PANAMA PULL-OUT MAY HURT DOD'S ANTI-DRUG MISSION CARTAGENA, Colombia -- US military counter-narcotics operations in Latin America are expected to suffer, at least temporarily, when the USA pulls its forces out of Panama next year. US authorities have yet to identify new forward operating sites in the region from which to launch airborne monitoring and detection missions. Now that negotiations over a future US military presence in Panama have broken down, the US government has begun lobbying nations in Central and South America, including Ecuador, Honduras and Peru to establish a series of small outposts to replace its military bases in Panama. However, those locations will not be in place by 1 May 1999 when the runway at Howard Air Force Base in Panama, the primary staging area, is scheduled to shut down. The USA will then be forced to conduct its counter-narcotics flights from the continental USA and Puerto Rico, where US Army South, US Special Operations Command South, air force elements and about 15,000 reserves will be stationed. "We would be hard-pressed right now if we got an agreement tomorrow to have a fully functioning forward operating base on 1 May, which simply says to do the business we need to do in Latin America, at least initially, we're going to have to make heavier reliance on operations that initiate from the continental United States and Puerto Rico and other fixed bases that remain in the region," such as Soto Cano Air Base in Honduras, Marine Corps Gen Charles Wilhelm, commander-in-chief of the US Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), told Jane's Defence Weekly on 1 December. This will strain the Department of Defense's (DoDs) ability to maintain a watchful eye on drug shipments and transit routes and provide help in eradicating drug production centres, Gen Wilhelm said. Without Panama as a staging area, the counter-narcotics operations are also likely to cost more in fuel and other logistics. "When we commit aircraft to provide radar surveillance they are not performing the mission while they are en route from a distant base to what I call the mission box," he said. "They are only effective once they are in the mission box. If that is a long transit distance then one of two things are going to occur: you are either going to commit more assets to provide the same relative level of coverage; or if you try to do that kind of job with the same number of assets then there is going to be some diminishment in coverage." In meetings in Colombia last week, during the third Defence Ministerial of the Americas meeting, officials from the US Departments of Defense and State broached the subject of setting up at least two or three forward operating bases with Ecuador, Honduras and Peru, according to officials involved in the discussions. According to Peter Romero, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, various countries in the region were receptive to the idea, although no formal agreements have been reached. Nevertheless, pressed for time, the US government wants to move quickly. The US is looking to establish forward operating locations with maintenance and housing facilities but no permanently stationed aircraft and no more than a dozen permanently stationed personnel, mindful of Latin American sensitivities. The best solution would be one or more of these "lily pads" in the Caribbean Basin, Central America and in the Andean mountains of South America, Gen Wilhelm said. However, the extent to which the DoD can replicate its counter-narcotics missions from Panama - about 4,000 troops are located at Howard and an estimated 15,000 anti-drug flights are flown annually - will depend on the number and location of the forward operating locations, Romero said. Meanwhile, the State Department will continue to spearhead the negotiations while SOUTHCOM determines which sites have sufficient infrastructure to meet US military requirements such as security and affordability.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, No. 77 (The weekly summary of drug policy news from DrugSense leads with a feature article - Protecting your privacy during a drug-war strip search. The Weekly News in Review includes such articles about Prisons as - The prison-industrial complex; Our prisons have bigger problems; Jail guards smuggled contraband, paper says; and Shipping inmates no solution. An article about Law Enforcement - Selling lies - win at all costs series. Articles about Drug Policy include - Eye at the keyhole; School board to ask the US Supreme Court to reinstate drug testing; Customs Service drug searches prompt outrage, lawsuits; Book Review of "Whiteout" - The C(ocaine)I(mportation)A(gency). Articles about Medical Marijuana include - Groups seek results of marijuana vote; Pot center founder fights charges; Cannabis buyers' co-op to reopen, but not sell pot; and Rx - marijuana. International News includes - Cocaine flood raises fears of HIV upsurge; Congress steps up aid for Colombians to combat drugs; Hitman's victim had links to drug gang. Hot Off The 'Net focuses on the group Family Watch, as well as the topic of breaking news stories. The Quote of the Week cites William Lloyd Garrison. The Fact of the Week - Prohibition Pollutes.) Date: Wed, 09 Dec 1998 13:18:40 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly, December, 9 1998 No. 77 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly, December, 9 1998, No. 77 A DrugSense publication This newsletter may be read on-line at: http://www.drugsense.org/dsw/1998/ds98.n77.html Do you find this Newsletter useful? Can you help us with a donation? Please see: http://www.drugsense.org/donate.htm You can donate on-line quickly and easily! Or see below for other options. *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article Protecting your privacy during a drug-war strip search by James E. Gierach * Weekly News in Review Prisons- The Prison-Industrial Complex Column: Our Prisons Have Bigger Problems Jail Guards Smuggled Contraband, Paper Says Editorial: Shipping Inmates No Solution Law Enforcement- Selling Lies - Win At All Costs series Policy- Editorial: Eye at the Keyhole School Board To Ask The U.S. Supreme Court To Reinstate Drug Testing Customs Service Drug Searches Prompt Outrage, Lawsuits Book Review of "Whiteout": The C(ocaine)I(mportation)A(gency) Medical Marijuana- Groups Seek Results of Marijuana Vote Pot Center Founder Fights Charges Cannabis Buyers' Co-op to Reopen, But not Sell Pot RX: Marijuana International News- Cocaine Flood Raises Fears of HIV Upsurge Congress Steps Up Aid for Colombians To Combat Drugs Hitman's Victim Had Links to Drug Gang * Hot Off The 'Net Family Watch Breaking News stories * Quote of the Week William Lloyd Garrison * Fact of the Week Prohibition Pollutes *** FEATURE ARTICLE *** Protecting your privacy during a drug-war strip search by James E. Gierach Do you look like a drug dealer or a drug courier? If so, don't be surprised if anti-drug agents tread upon your privacy rights. It could happen to any American but there are steps you can take to protect yourself. The first line of defense against drug-war intrusion into your life -- whether visiting Aunt Martha over the holidays or returning from a Caribbean vacation through New York's Kennedy International Airport or Miami International Airport -- is not to "look like" a drug dealer or courier. Narcotics agents have developed -- based upon years of experience, training, and hit-or-miss success -- what they call "drug-courier profiles." These profiles are pigeonholes into which drug agents can place anybody. Unwary citizens may not be sensitized to these profile "tells" but drug agents are trained specialists. When a U.S. Customs agent, MEG (Metropolitan Enforcement Group) trooper, or DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) agent sees a person whose appearance, demeanor or baggage meets a drug-courier "profile," the anti-drug agent reacts. The hair on the back of the neck stands on end, Adrenalin speeds to the agent's stomach and the face turns flush. (Not all agents' reactions fit this profile.) To an educated drug cop, a profile match engenders suspicion. The trained agent thinks, "Here's a person who is, or probably might be, a traveling drug-dealer or courier." If you are a citizen who fits an officer's drug hunch, and the hunch is susceptible of verbal articulation that "sounds like" one of the written profiles -- bingo, you lose. "Put your hands on the wall, spread your feet," "May we look through your personal belongings?" Once you fit a profile in an agent's mind, you are at full risk of drug-dealer treatment -- presumed innocent, suspected guilty and handled accordingly. Considering the risks that attend a drug-war-profile fit, one should ask oneself, "Self, just what does a drug-dealer courier look like?" Drug dealers come in all colors, heights, weights, sexes and sizes. Drug dealers can look "cool" or klutzy, lackadaisical or intense, wealthy or poor, stylish or slobbish, native or foreign. And therein lies the problem. It's hard not to look like a drug dealer. In fact when done well, one set of drug-courier profiles fits all. Looking at the matter from the drug agents' perspective, if American commoners could figure out what drug dealers "looked like," so they could look "straight" to the anti-drug police, then, so could the drug dealers and couriers. Therefore, the second line of defense may be more effective than the first. The second defense against drug agents is to be careful where you travel. It is well known that drugs are carried to the United States from Mexico, South America and the Caribbean like clockwork. Drug police do not know less than the rest of us. Therefore, a loving husband should think twice before taking his wife to a drug-rich port of call. A husband must realize that he must bring his wife home through a U.S. port of entry such as O'Hare International Airport or other points subject to the jurisdiction of customs drug-police. The difficulty with self-imposed travel restrictions, aside from missing a few dream vacations, is that drug war puts more drugs everywhere. Therefore, nearly every travel destination -- foreign and domestic -- is drug suspect. This truism brings us to the third- and last-strike defense of the weary, drug-free travelers by which the travelers can protect themselves against privacy intrusion by the drug police and avoid uninvited bodily- cavity searches. In October, the government announced that U.S. Customs agents will give suspected drug couriers an alternative to mandatory strip searches. A suspect can avoid strip search by consenting to be x-rayed at a hospital. To civil libertarians and old-time Americans, it may not seem like much of a concession, but in the prevailing drug-war, strip-search environment, it's a very decent thing to do. James E. Gierach 9759 Southwest Highway Oak Lawn, IL 60453 DRUGNEWS@aol.com (708) 424-1600 *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** Prisons *** COMMENT: Expansion of the nation's prisons resulting from the drug war has always been the single issue most likely to force public recognition of the policy's intrinsic insanity. That this process may finally be underway is suggested by Eric Schlosser's devastating expose of prison growth in Atlantic Monthly. The entire text is must reading for all with an interest in drug reform. Despite its small circulation, Atlantic Monthly is widely read by editorial writers and columnists. Molly Ivins joined Cynthia Tucker in commenting favorably on Schlosser's article. Look for more impact from this piece over time THE PRISON-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX Correctional Officials See Danger in Prison Overcrowding. Others See Opportunity. The Nearly Two Million Americans Behind Bars -- The Majority of Them Nonviolent Offenders Mean Jobs for Depressed Regions And Windfalls for Profiteers [snip] Today the United States has approximately 1.8 million people behind bars: about 100,000 in federal custody, 1.1 million in state custody, and 600,000 in local jails. Prisons hold inmates convicted of federal or state crimes; jails hold people awaiting trial or serving short sentences. The United States now imprisons more people than any other country in the world -- perhaps half a million more than Communist China. The American inmate population has grown so large that it is difficult to comprehend: imagine the combined populations of Atlanta, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Des Moines, and Miami behind bars. [snip] Source: The Atlantic Monthly Copyright: 1998 by The Atlantic Monthly Company Pubdate: Dec 1998 Volume: 282, No. 6; pages 51 - 77 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Webform: http://www.theatlantic.com/letters/edlet.phtml Website: http://www.theatlantic.com/ Author: Eric Schlosser Note: This is part 1 of 3. Part-1: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a04.html Part-2: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a05.html Part-3: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1114.a01.html *** OUR PRISONS HAVE BIGGER PROBLEMS THAN ESCAPEES AUSTIN -- So six prisoners break out of Huntsville, one gets away and the Texas Department of Corrections responds by suspending a work program for prisoners. Not that the work program had anything to do with the escape -- the prisoners were in the recreation yard at the time. But why should we expect TDC to make any sense? Nothing else about the American prison system does. In the current issue of `The Atlantic Monthly' is "The Prison-Industrial Complex," a major investigation of just how out of control and increasingly corrupt the system is. [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas Columnist: Molly Ivins is a columnist for the 'Star-Telegram.' Email: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1121.a01.html *** COMMENT: The next two items underscore two hardly novel ideas: first, that large prison bureaucracies encourage corruption and abuses; second, shipping of inmates away from their families and into areas of diminished accountability is a step in the wrong direction. JAIL GUARDS SMUGGLED CONTRABAND, PAPER SAYS MIAMI, FLORIDA -- An investigation of Miami-Dade County jails found that officers helped smuggle contraband to inmates, a newspaper reported Sunday. A yearlong, secret probe by police and the FBI claimed that jail officers looked the other way or took part as marijuana and cocaine were brought to inmates in exchange for cash, jewelry and sporting equipment, The Miami Herald said. [snip] Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Copyright: 1998 Chicago Tribune Company Pubdate: 30 Nov 1998 Author: From Tribune News Services Section: Sec. 1 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1107.a05.html *** SHIPPING INMATES NO SOLUTION As Wisconsin prison chief Michael Sullivan admits, housing inmates out of state, originally a stopgap measure, is now a permanent feature of state corrections policy. That development bodes no good. [snip] The Wisconsin Legislature must keep in mind that the congestion problem is almost entirely of its own making. A rising crime rate is not driving the problem; in fact, crime is not rising. Rather, the Legislature's penchant for passing tougher and tougher laws is responsible. [snip] Pubdate: Sun, 6 Dec 1998 Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI) Copyright: 1998, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (414) 224-8280 Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1123.a08.html *** Law Enforcement *** COMMENT: It takes an incarceration industry producing a steady stream of convictions to keep our prison-industrial complex in prisoners. Last week we introduced a remarkable series, detailing many of the unsavory deals which prosecutors routinely make with felons in order to obtain those convictions. A critical case challenging many of these practices is now wending its way toward the Supreme Court. Don't get your hopes set too high. SELLING LIES By `Jumping On The Bus,' Prisoners Earn Time Off Sentences At Others' Expense The business served a small but eager clientele. From an office in Atlanta, Kevin Pappas, a former drug smuggler, sold prisoners confidential information gleaned from the files of federal law enforcement officers or, in some instances, from the case files of other convicts. By memorizing confidential data from those files, the prisoners could testify to events that only an insider might know and help prosecutors win an indictment or a conviction. Well-heeled prisoners paid Pappas as much as $225,000 for the confidential files, and in exchange for their testimony, prosecutors would ask judges to reduce the prison terms of these new-found witnesses. Pappas and Robert Fierer, an Atlanta lawyer, called their company Conviction Consultants Inc., but a group of defense lawyers in Georgia had another name for it: "Rent-a-rat." [snip] Source: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA) Copyright: 1998 PG Publishing Pubdate: Mon, 30 Nov 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.post-gazette.com/ Author: Bill Moushey, Post-Gazette Staff Writer Note: The series is also being printed in The Blade, Toledo, OH Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1111.a05.html Other Segments published last week: Unique Way Of Solving Mystery URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1112.a02.html A Question Of Whom To Trust URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1108.a04.html Fish Tale Was One Of Many Stretches URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1108.a02.html *** Drug War Policy- *** COMMENT: The Supreme Court continued its disgraceful piecemeal surrender of the Bill of Rights with a typical 5-4 reversal of a lower court ruling which had the temerity to suggest that people are entitled to some privacy within their homes. Any mention of "drugs" seems be enough to persuade the "Supremes" to come down on the side of fascism. Keeping that fascism in mind, it's difficult to be very sanguine about the ultimate outcome of the next case, in which a local Indiana school board is asking for still more authoritarianism. EYE AT THE KEYHOLE The Supreme Court again has narrowly interpreted privacy rights, ruling on Tuesday that people who visit someone's home only briefly or to do business do not have the same protection against police searches as do overnight guests. The ruling - that such visitors have no reasonable expectation of privacy - no doubt will give comfort to those who want to expand police rights to search suspected criminals. However, it further erodes the widely held expectation that one's home is one's castle and an inviolable bastion of privacy, and that those protections extend to one's invited guests. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 3 Dec 1998 Source: Chicago Sun-Times (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.suntimes.com/index/ Copyright: 1998 The Sun-Times Co. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1115.a03.html *** SCHOOL BOARD TO ASK THE U.S. SUPREME COURT TO REINSTATE DRUG TESTING The Anderson School Board's decision to ask the U.S. Supreme Court to reinstate the school corporation's drug testing policy could mean legal fees close to $60,000. That figure assumes the justices would agree to hear the case. Board member Irma Hampton Stewart, who is a lawyer, cast the only dissenting vote as the board decided Tuesday night to appeal a U.S. 7th Circuit Court of Appeals ruling to the Supreme Court. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 3 Dec 1998 Source: Indianapolis Star (IN) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.starnews.com/ Copyright: 1998 Indianapolis Newspapers Inc. Author: John M. Flora URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1112.a12.html *** COMMENT: The following story is further evidence of how drug policy has eroded individual liberty in the "land of the Free." The racial overtones are traditional, the warrantless arrest at the airport is the modern touch. CUSTOMS SERVICE DRUG SEARCHES PROMPT OUTRAGE, LAWSUITS Complaints: Innocent Travelers Say They Were Unfairly Stripped, Prodded And Humiliated, But Officials Cite 'Reasonable Suspicion.' WASHINGTON- Returning to Chicago from Jamaica, Gwendolyn Richards was plucked from a line of air travelers by a Customs Service inspector and ordered into a bare, windowless room. During the next five hours, she was strip-searched, handcuffed, X-rayed and probed internally by a doctor. The armed customs officer who led Richards in handcuffs through O'Hare International Airport and drove her to a hospital for examination suspected she might be smuggling drugs. They found nothing. [snip] Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Pubdate: 3 Dec 1998 Author: Connie Cass, The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1122.a06.html *** COMMENT: Cockburn and St. Clair's expose of CIA skulduggery on behalf of drug suppliers is probably a very good read. Unfortunately, the Agency has lied so much about its activities, it will take historians, working at least 50 years in the future, to begin to reconstruct the truth about the Cold War, if such is ever possible. "WHITEOUT," THE C(OCAINE)I(MPORTATION)A(GENCY) Drug dealing only begins to tell the story of the CIA's handiwork. If the only thing you know about the US Central Intelligence Agency is that a 1996 San Jose Mercury News report accusing the CIA of contributing to the crack cocaine epidemic in Los Angeles was dismissed by government officials and mainstream journalists as African-American hysteria, you're likely to take their word for it. The US government helping the Contras purchase weapons with the proceeds of crack sales by gang members in South Central Los Angeles? Yeah, right. [snip] Pubdate: Thursday, 19 November, 1998 Source: Seattle Weekly (WA) Copyright: 1998 Seattle Weekly Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.seattleweekly.com/ Author: Mark Worth Note: BOOK REVIEW, WhiteOut - The CIA, Drugs, and the Press by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair (Verso, $17) URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1116.a05.html *** Medical Marijuana *** COMMENT: While the media in general has yet to awaken to the sweeping election success of medical marijuana on Nov.2; some sources have noticed and commentary is starting to appear. The anti-democratic (with a small d) maneuver of Bob Barr turned the DC fiasco into a public relations plus for reform, but the overall theme is that despite the election victories, patients can expect to be hassled everywhere, just like in California after 215. GROUPS SEEK RESULTS OF MARIJUANA VOTE The D.C. chapter of the League of Women Voters and eight other area organizations filed court papers this week calling for a judge to release and uphold the results of the Nov. 3 referendum on the medical use of marijuana. The groups sided with the American Civil Liberties Union and the D.C. government, which contend that Congress illegally interfered with the local election process. At issue is a congressional amendment that bars the District from spending money on any initiative that would "legalize or otherwise reduce" penalties for users of marijuana. [snip] Source: Washington Post (DC) Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Washington Post Company Pubdate: Wed, 2 Dec 1998 Compiled from reports by staff writers Paul W. Valentine, Bill Miller, David Montgomery, Alan Sipress, Philip P. Pan and Victoria Benning and the Associated Press. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1108.a01.html *** COMMENT: Speaking of California, in San Jose prosecutors still want to send Peter Baez to state prison to join David Herrick, now serving an unjust four-year term as the result of a similar "sting" using a phony patient. Meanwhile the embattled Oakland club continues to show the flag, despite being unable to provide marijuana to patients. POT CENTER FOUNDER FIGHTS CHARGES Search excessive, lawyer argues Trying to avoid a long prison term, the former operator of Santa Clara County's only medical marijuana center went to court yesterday in an effort to get his charges dismissed. Attorneys for Peter Baez argued that San Jose police officers went beyond the scope of their search warrants in March when they conducted a ``wholesale seizure of records'' by removing all 265 client files from the Santa Clara County Medical Cannabis Center. They seek to have evidence from that search suppressed and the charges against Baez dismissed. [snip] Source: San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: 5 December 1998 Copyright: 1998 San Francisco Chronicle Author: Todd Henneman, Chronicle Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1120.a10.html *** CANNABIS BUYERS' CO-OP TO REOPEN, BUT NOT SELL POT Courts: The group will offer hemp products as it appeals a judge's order barring the sale of marijuana. OAKLAND--The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative says that it will reopen Monday, offering hemp products, not medical marijuana. The organization, which dispensed marijuana to about 2,000 member-patients, was closed last month && federal judge. Closure was sought by the Clinton administration's Justice Department, which said the distribution of medical marijuana, authorized by a 1996 California initiative, violated federal drug laws. The cooperative is appealing U.S. District Judge Charles Breyer's order. Meanwhile, it has obtained permission from Breyer to reopen for patient services as long as no marijuana is on the premises. The services will include counseling and educating members about the medical use of cannabis as well as "cultivation meetings," the cooperative said. [snip] Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 Los Angeles Times. Fax: 213-237-4712 Pubdate: 28 Nov 1998 Author: Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1124.a06.html *** COMMENT: Dan Baum's piece doesn't dwell on the election; instead, it points out the real difficulties facing even such a seemingly simple notion as reclassification of a benign and useful agent to Schedule 2. RX: MARIJUANA Initiatives authorizing the medical use of marijuana passed in five states in the last election. (Another one would have passed in the District of Columbia, according to exit polls, but it was consigned to limbo by a blatantly antidemocratic amendment introduced by Representative Bob Barr forbidding federal funds to be spent tallying the vote.) On this subject the words of Dr. Lester Grinspoon, a leading authority on the drug (he is author of Marijuana: The Forbidden Medicine) and professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, are apropos: "As the number of people who have used marijuana medicinally grows, the discussion is turning from whether it is effective to how it should be made available. [snip] Pubdate: 14 December 1998 Source: The Nation (US) Section: Selected Editorial Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.thenation.com/ Copyright: 1998, The Nation Company Author: Dan Baum URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1118.a10.html *** International News COMMENT: Far off Australia is feeling the impact of aggressive Colombian marketing of illicit drugs. First they were flooded with cheap heroin from the golden triangle because it had been displace from North America Nath America by cheap, pure heroin from poppies grown in Colombia. Now, Australia is the dubious beneficiary of a cocaine glut in North America. Ain't interdiction wonderful? COCAINE FLOOD RAISES FEARS OF HIV UPSURGE Cocaine has shed its yuppie image of the 1980s, with an epidemic in its use among heroin addicts, who are injecting the drug, threatening the stability of HIV rates in Australia. Cheaper and purer cocaine is flooding Sydney, where it is being sold like heroin, breaking into new markets in the western suburbs where cocaine use is just as common as in the more affluent eastern suburbs. [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 27 Nov 1998 Source: Australian, The (Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/ Author: Justine Ferrari URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1122.a01.html *** COMMENT: Meanwhile, in the culprit country, the military will receive a boost from macho drug warriors in the US Congress, always delighted to buy military hardware, especially in a good cause like the drug war. CONGRESS STEPS UP AID FOR COLOMBIANS TO COMBAT DRUGS The Clinton administration initially opposed it, and the Colombian government was taken by surprise. But a recent congressional initiative, spurred by direct appeals to conservative Republicans by the Colombian national police, has more than doubled drug-fighting money to Colombia and made the country a top recipient of U.S. foreign aid. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 01 Dec 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 The New York Times Company Author: Diana Jean Schemo URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1116.a01.html *** COMMENT: Northern Europe is experiencing a concerted dose of uncharacteristic violence, undoubtedly related to drug war competition for market share. The following was only one of three high-profile drug related "hits" reported in the European press last week. HITMAN'S VICTIM HAD LINKS TO DRUG GANG A FINANCIAL adviser to one of London's most powerful underworld gangs has been shot dead on his doorstep by a hitman, police said yesterday. Scotland Yard detectives are investigating links between the death of Solly Nahome, a Hatton Gardens diamond dealer, and the Adams family. The clan is credited with extensive interests, including drug trafficking, across North London. [snip] Source: The Times (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.the-times.co.uk/ Copyright: 1998 Times Newspapers Ltd Pubdate: Tue, 1 Dec 1998 Author: Stewart Tendler, Crime Correspondent URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1106.a06.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET *** FAMILY WATCH WEBSITE Founded by Kendra Wright, Family Watch is a network of groups and individuals concerned about the impact of drug policy on families, women and children. The goals of the network are to increase communication, identify opportunities for collaboration and strengthen each of our voices by joining together in a call for change. They aim to push issues related to families, women and children to the forefront of the drug policy debate, and help create progressive policies which preserve the health and well-being of the family unit and each of its individual members, particularly the children. Website: http://www.familywatch.org/ Contact: email@example.com *** DID YOU KNOW? The hottest breaking drug related news stories are constantly updated and available with just a few mouse clicks. Stay aware and informed and when you feel strongly about an article write a letter to the editor. This may be the single most powerful action the average See http://www.drugsense.org/ or http://www.mapinc.org/ Both of the above web sites have received numerous awards and recognition. The latest is from STANTON PEELE who gives it his highest rating. *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK *** "Enslave the liberty of one human being and the liberties of the world are put in peril." - William Lloyd Garrison *** FACT OF THE WEEK *** PROHIBITION POLLUTES Since it is illegal to manufacture cocaine, its producers must hide their facilities in the forests of South America making it impossible to properly dispose of chemical wastes. It is estimated that the unregulated manufacture of cocaine results in 10 million liters of sulfuric acid, 16 million liters of ethyl ether, 8 million liters of acetone and from 40-770 million liters of kerosene being poured directly into the ground in the Andean region, mainly Colombia. Source: Trade and Environment Database (TED), TED Case Studies: Columbia Coca Trade, Washington D.C.: American University (1997). *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS: Please utilize the following URLs http://www.drugsense.org/hurry.htm and http://www.drugsense.org/unsub.htm News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (firstname.lastname@example.org) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (email@example.com) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. 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