------------------------------------------------------------------- Scoreboard: This week's winner and losers (Willamette Week, in Portland, says this week's losers include Jeffery Harlan Moore, who seemed to suffer from guilt by association when the roommate of alleged cop-killer Steven Dons was sentenced to 36 months in prison for growing marijuana, far longer than most first-time pot offenders are.)Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - email@example.com Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to letters of 250 words or less. Scoreboard: This week's winner and losers Jan. 6, 1999 LOSERS 1. The roommate of alleged cop-killer Steven Dons seemed to suffer from guilt by association last week. Jeffery Harlan Moore was sentenced to 36 months in prison for growing marijuana, far longer than most first-time pot offenders are. 2. Old Town merchants scrambled to talk about the area's cleaner, gentler image in the wake of a shooting at a Chinese restaurant that injured three people attending a big private party Jan. 3. One of the shooting victims, Harry James Villa, III, was an associate of Lil Smurf, a notorious gang member who was killed in 1997.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Troopers arrest smoking travelers (A cautionary tale from the Associated Press says three people from Redding, California, were arrested Tuesday on illegal-drug charges after Oregon state police responded to a complaint of people smoking marijuana while driving north on Interstate 5 near Grants Pass.) Date: 7 Jan 99 02:01:05 PST From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Subject: Troopers arrest smoking travelers Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Paul wrote: No relation :-) Troopers arrest smoking travelers The Associated Press 1/6/99 11:57 PM MERLIN, Ore. (AP) -- Three Californians were arrested on drug charges after state police responded to a complaint of people smoking marijuana while driving north on Interstate 5 near Grants Pass. Troopers stopped the car at the Manzanita Rest Area, where the people in the car were also found to have methamphetamine and heroin, police said. Arrested Tuesday were Albert Merrill Stone, 38; Paulette Marie Stone, 41; and David J. Haynes, 17; all of Redding, Calif. All three were cited for possession of less than an ounce of marijuana. Paulette Stone, who also was charged with two counts each of manufacture, possession and delivery of a controlled substance. She was being held at the Josephine County Jail. Albert Stone and Hayes were cited and released.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Trial date set in massive case on drug sales, money laundering (The Oregonian says 16 co-defendants and their attorneys spilled into the jury box Tuesday as they pleaded not guilty in Portland to crack-cocaine-related charges. U.S. District Judge Ancer Haggerty tentatively scheduled a six-week trial to begin in mid-September. Originally, 23 people were indicted in the case. Five have pleaded guilty.) The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Trial date set in massive case on drug sales, money laundering * A federal judge arraigns 16 defendants on charges including conspiracy to traffic in crack cocaine, money laundering and gun offenses Wednesday, January 6 1999 By Ashbel S. Green of The Oregonian staff A massive crack cocaine and money laundering case marched forward Tuesday when a federal judge arraigned 16 co-defendants and tentatively scheduled a six-week trial to begin in mid-September. A federal grand jury has charged a total of 23 people in the case. Five co-defendants have pleaded guilty, including Daren Keith McCoy, 32, who also faces state murder charges in the 1997 killing of a notorious Portland gangster known as " 'lil Smurf." The 44-page indictment charges all the defendants with conspiracy to traffic in drugs. Fourteen are charged with conspiracy to launder money, and five are charged with gun offenses. The indictment also seeks the forfeiture of three pieces of property, eight automobiles, a boat, a computer and an unspecified amount of cash. The indictment, the fifth updated version of which was unsealed Monday, describes the drug conspiracy as follows: Between January 1996 and December 1997, defendants brought "multi-kilograms" of cocaine from Fresno, Calif., to Portland and Western Washington. As part of the conspiracy, the defendants and others used 23 listed residences in Portland; Fresno; Irrigon; Vancouver, Wash.; and Camas, Wash., to package, cook, store and distribute crack. The indictment says the defendants also operated and used Portland businesses, including LCH Auto Wholesale, 2622 N.E. Alberta St., and Balloons Galore, 6207 N.E. 15th Ave., as fronts to conceal, transfer and spend cash proceeds from the sales of cocaine. J. Richard Scruggs, the chief federal prosecutor in the case, declined to elaborate on the conspiracy beyond what was in the indictment. Although the federal charges vary among the defendants, the large quantities of cocaine carry a sentence of 10 years to life in prison. A variety of factors -- including previous criminal records and the willingness to accept responsibility -- could reduce the sentences for minor participants and push sentences of the larger players toward the maximum life sentence. McCoy pleaded guilty to the conspiracy charges and a gun offense Dec. 4. Sentencing is scheduled for later this year. He still faces a Multnomah County murder indictment in the shooting of Anthony Branch Jr., also known as 'lil Smurf, in the parking lot of a Northeast Portland strip joint on Oct. 9, 1997, after an argument. Portland police arrested McCoy on April 29, 1998, in Fresno. Police have not said what McCoy and Branch, a member of the Kerby Blocc Crips, argued about, although they said McCoy was at the Viewpoint Restaurant and Lounge, 8102 N.E. Killingsworth St., to settle a score with someone who had stolen five kilograms of cocaine from him. Despite the apparent link between the murder the drug case, neither police nor prosecutors would discuss the details of the case Tuesday. McCoy was set to go to trial on murder charges Oct. 5, but Multnomah County prosecutors asked for a delay so they could get evidence from the federal case to use against him in the murder case. The murder trial has not been rescheduled. Tuesday's appearance in federal court, scheduled to deal with logistical matters, indicated how complicated the case will be to try. Seventeen defendants -- 16 pleaded not guilty Tuesday and one pleaded not guilty Monday -- and each of their attorneys crowded before U.S. District Judge Ancer Haggerty, spilling into the jury box. The case includes so many documents -- more than 10,000 pages and 300 hours of tapes -- that prosecutors plan to provide only a few copies for defense attorneys to share. A number of the defendants are known gang members. One, Garth Hiag Brown, 31, is a former Portland State University wrestler who tried out for the 1996 Olympics. He is charged with conspiracy to traffic in drugs and launder money. The other defendants charged in the indictment are Dino Jaynolen Beard, 31; Byron Craig Brown, 37; Jonya Burgess, 26; Glenn Edward Harper, 45; Andrew Lee Henderson, 51; Dana Annette Hodge, 31; Dameon Dupree Jefferson, 21; Edwina Lynniece Jones, 38; Dwight Andre Myrick, 31; Jonathon Demetrius Norman, 27; Jerri Lynn Page, 28; Kyllo Kendell Penn, 27; Amad Jamal Polite, 29; and Adolph Spears Sr., 55, all of Portland; Earnest Lee Abbit, 52; Jamie Renee Donaldson, 36; Harvey Donaldson Jr., 33; and Mary Lou Ann Haynes, 39, all of Fresno; Byron Vann Branch Jr., 28, and Carlotta LaJean Franklin, 31, both of Vancouver; and Armando Arroyo Chairez, 32, of Irrigon.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Our House is Everyone's House (A letter to the editor of Willamette Week from a physician who is the medical director of Our House, in Portland, protests the free weekly newspaper's customary bias and misrepresentations. Care of the poor, those with drug addictions, and the mentally ill is challenging, but workers at Our House are committed to doing it. The problem with funding care at Our House is not just the fault of the gay community, which the author believes the article implied. It's the fault of our society's failure to deal with the problems of poverty, mental illness, and drug addiction. It's the result of decades of cutbacks in federal funding of programs, of the willingness of the public to put their health care into the hands of for-profit insurance companies instead of seeing the wisdom of a national health plan for all, and the growing inequity of wealth.) Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - email@example.com Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to letters of 250 words or less. Letters: Jan. 6, 1999 OUR HOUSE IS EVERYONE'S HOUSE I was disappointed in the portrayal of my opinions in the article "A Plague Out of Vogue" [Dec. 9, 1998]. While Ms. Wentz correctly quoted me, the spirit of the article was not what I thought I had communicated to her when we spoke on the phone. Granted, care of the poor, those with drug addictions, and the mentally ill is much more challenging. But we at Our House are committed to doing it. We have expanded the training of the staff in mental health issues, we have a mental health specialist who has experience in drug treatment programs attend our resident care conferences, and we still provide the same loving and compassionate care to all our residents that we did when our patient population was different. She didn't mention that residents often stay for very long times and many still die in our care, surrounded by nurses, volunteers, and others, yes, even including friends and families, in a home-like environment with their comfort needs met. The problems we are having in funding care at Our House is not just the fault of the gay community, which I believe the article implied. The fact that the poor, the mentally ill, and the drug addicted have few options for effective care is a shameful result of our society's failure to deal with these problems. It's the result of decades of cutbacks in federal funding of programs, of the willingness of the public to put their health care into the hands of for-profit insurance companies instead of seeing the wisdom of a national health plan for all, and the growing inequity of wealth in this country. Finally, to refer to a real person (Jeffery Dickson), whose picture was even portrayed in the article, as a "fund-raising nightmare" was especially insensitive. He can read, you know! Can you imagine how he felt when he saw that? I think journalists have a responsibility to consider the impact of their work. I recall a very different reason for his decision not to take protease inhibitors--they make some people feel terrible! Many patients, rich and poor, drug addicted or business professionals, homeless or penthouse dwellers, make that same decision. It's a question of "costs" and "benefits." The cost of the drugs is much more than just money--it orders your life, it sometimes makes you sick, it defines who you are. So some decide not to take them. Frankly, I think he pulled the wool over the reporter's eyes when he allegedly gave her the quote about not taking them so he could take drugs. He told her what she wanted to hear. Kenneth Brummel-Smith, M.D. Medical Director, Our House of Portland
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police identify suspect in Old Town shooting (The Oregonian says Portland police obtained a warrant Tuesday for the arrest of Joel "Jojo" McCool, 24, who is accused of a weekend shooting that left a rival gang member and a young mother hospitalized. According to police, witnesses identified McCool, a Bloods gang associate with a lengthy arrest record, as the first person to fire gunshots during a hip-hop party early Sunday on the second floor of the Great China Seafood Restaurant in Old Town. A second gunman who fired at McCool has not been identified.) The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Police identify suspect in Old Town shooting * Officers seek a 24-year-old man in the Old Town incident, which wounded two people Wednesday, January 6 1999 By Maxine Bernstein of The Oregonian staff Portland police obtained a warrant Tuesday for the arrest of Joel "Jojo" McCool, 24, who is accused of attempted murder and first-degree assault in a weekend shooting that left a rival gang member and a young mother hospitalized. Witnesses, police said, identified McCool, a Bloods gang associate with a lengthy arrest record, as the first person to fire gunshots during a hip-hop party early Sunday on the second floor of the Great China Seafood Restaurant in Old Town. He is accused of firing four shots that struck rival gang member Harry James Villa, 24, a member of the Kerby Blocc Crips. Villa was shot three times in the chest and once in the pelvis and remained at Legacy Emanuel Hospital on Tuesday. "Two or three inches difference, those shots could have been fatal," said Sgt. Mike Crebs, a supervisor of the Portland Gang Enforcement Team. McCool, police say, also fired a shot that struck a 19-year-old pregnant woman in the back. She was upgraded Tuesday to fair condition at Legacy after her baby girl was delivered Sunday by Caesarean section, hospital spokeswoman Claudia Brown said. Police have not released the woman's name for security reasons and, at his request, are not releasing Villa's current condition. He was in fair condition Monday. A second gunman fired at McCool and has not yet been identified. Sunday's shooting occurred about 2:30 a.m., as the dance party at the restaurant on Northwest Davis Street was breaking up. McCool is accused of pulling out a handgun after either Villa or one of Villa's friends punched McCool during a dispute, said Detective Sgt. Brian Grose, the lead investigator. "We're still looking at what exactly may have precipitated that dispute," Grose said. Between 10 and 15 shots flew inside the dance hall, sending an estimated 200 partygoers scrambling for cover, police said. The party was presented by Special K.A.P.E. & Jinx Entertainment, according to a promotional flier. Villa pleaded guilty in October in a criminal rackeetering case but was allowed to remain out of custody on bail through the holidays until his scheduled sentencing Friday. He faces a prison term of five years and 10 months when he is sentenced by Multnomah County Judge Henry Kantor. Under the Oregon Racketeer Influence and Corrupt Organization Act, prosecutors had to show Villa was a member of a criminal enterprise and committed at least two crimes on its behalf. When the racketeering plea was entered in October, prosecutors did not object to Villa's release before sentencing. "Technically, we could have pushed for sentencing to occur right away, but I don't think we could have reached the agreement we did had we done that," said Tom Edmonds, a Multnomah County senior deputy district attorney. Among the conditions of Villa's release are that he not associate with fellow gang members, not enter premises where alcohol was served and adhere to a 9 p.m. curfew. The hip-hop party was described as a "21 and over affair," where identification was required and alcohol was served. After being briefed Tuesday on the shooting, Mayor Vera Katz said: "I'm absolutely outraged that some of the most dangerous gang members are allowed out, able to settle their affairs with nobody watching them, nobody monitoring what they've been doing. I don't know the details in terms of the plea bargaining, but the fact that nobody during the holidays has kept tabs, or keeps tabs on them, is inexcusable." In the wake of the gang-related shooting, gang enforcement officers have increased patrols in Northeast Portland to try to stem any retaliatory violence, Crebs said. Excluding motor vehicle offenses, McCool has avoided criminal convictions despite a lengthy arrest record that dates to 1987 and includes assault, weapons and child neglect charges, said Detective Sgt. Derek Anderson, a Portland Police Bureau spokesman. McCool was considered an associate of the local Inglewood Family set of the Bloods gang and is described as 6 feet 1 inch tall and weighing 210 pounds. His last known address was Beaverton, although he frequented Northeast Portland, police said. Anyone with information on his whereabouts is asked to call the Gang Enforcement Team at 823-2105. Copyright 1998 Oregon Live (r)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ibogaine video now on web (D. Paul Stanford of the Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp, in Portland, says "The Ibogaine Story" and several news clips regarding the anti-addiction plant remedy can now be viewed online at CRRH's web site for the Oregon Cannabis Tax Act.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 13:29:32 -0800 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) From: "D. Paul Stanford" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Ibogaine video now on web Sender: email@example.com Ibogaine is a potential cure for hard drug addiction. Many of those addicted to heroin and cocaine have said it allowed them to kick those habits without any withdrawal symptoms. A video, "The Ibogaine Story," has several news clips regarding ibogaine, including a segment from the Discovery Channel's program,"Beyond 2000." "The Ibogaine Story" video is now up and streaming in real time on the web using the Real Player. You can view it at: http://www.crrh.org/hemptv/doc_ibo.html You can view this video for free on demand from our web site. Thank you. Yours truly, D. Paul Stanford We are working to regulate and tax adult marijuana sales, allow doctors to prescribe cannabis and allow the unregulated production of industrial hemp! Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp CRRH P.O. Box 86741 Portland, OR 97286 Phone: (503) 235-4606 Fax: (503) 235-0120 Web: http://www.crrh.org/
------------------------------------------------------------------- Changing The Guard (A staff editorial in the Orange County Register says a new era in law enforcement is beginning in Orange County with the inaugurations of District Attorney Tony Rackauckas and Sheriff Mike Carona. Carona, who headed the county marshals before replacing Brad Gates as sheriff, wants to treat addiction as a medical problem rather than a criminal problem. The newspaper recommends that both men meet with Marvin Chavez and members of the Orange County Patient Doctor Nurse Support Group early on to discuss ways to implement Proposition 215. It is a scandal that local authorities sought to ensnare and prosecute Mr. Chavez rather than trying to work with him to distribute medical marijuana in a legal and above-board fashion. That mistake should be corrected. Both men should also undertake or sponsor independent studies of the results of the "three strikes" and drug possession laws.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 18:47:35 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: Changing The Guard Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W. Black Pubdate: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ CHANGING THE GUARD After a couple of bruising campaigns,after a six month transition period during which not all the wounds from the campaigns have been soothed and after months of speculation, a new era in law enforcement is beginning in Orange County. District Attorney Tony Rackauckas and Sheriff Mike Carona might have to spend a good deal of time and effort during their first few months in office solidifying support within the departments they have taken over. But it shouldn't be too long before the public begins to see changes in policies. Most of the changes the two men have promised to implement should be for the better. But the proposals won't be easy to turn from theory and campaign promises into reality. The most dramatic changes are likely to come in the Sheriff's Department, headed since 1974 by Brad Gates, one of the most skillful and powerful politicians Orange County has seen, who opposed Mr. Carona's election bitterly. Mike Carona, who headed the county marshals before being elected sheriff, has promised to liberalize the county's concealed-weapons permit policy so that anyone who shows a need, passes a background check and takes a safety class can get a concealed weapons permit. Under former Sheriff Gates only 320 Orange Countians were granted such permits, and the suspicion was that a disproportionate number were Gates' friends and supporters. Mr. Carona says he wants to treat addiction as a medical problem rather than a criminal problem and wants to set up a secure rehabilitation center for people arrested for personal possession (though not for sale) of drugs. He also says he wants to implement medical patients with recommendations from a doctor. Mr. Carona is not as committed as Mr. Gates was to expanding the Musick jail in Irvine, but might seek a regional approach to jail overcrowding. As to departmental policies, he wants to rotate deputies out of jail duty and onto the streets more quickly, study the idea of three-day, 12-hour work shifts, cut the budget 5 percent by hiring civilians to handle some administrative chores, and separate the sheriff's department from the coroner's office. It's an ambitious program, especially for somebody who still is viewed as an outsider and perhaps an interloper by some. Tony Rackauckas was a deputy district attorney and a judge before being elected and now seems to have support from across the political spectrum; so, his transition might be less difficult. Mr. Rachachas' quest for office was no doubt assisted by outgoing District Attorney Mike Capizzi's zealous prosecution of office-holders and campaign workers for campaign violations, which alienated many in the Orange County Republican power structure. Mr. Rackauckas says he will leave minor campaign-law violation to the state Fair Political Practices Commission. He plans to give deputy DAs more latitude and autonomy in how they prosecute cases and to end a Capizzi-instituted outright ban on plea-bargaining (which Mr. Rackauckas prefers to call "pretrial negotiations.") He promises to crack down on street gangs and push for speedier trials. We wish both men will and offer a few constructive suggestions: Encourage a focus on the victims of crime and ways of making them whole. There's a constant temptation in law enforcement to focus on apprehension and prosecution, a process that sometimes leaves the crime victim the odd person out, useful to "the system" only as a witness. Meet with Marvin Chavez and members of the Orange County Patient Doctor Nurse Support Group early on to discuss ways to implement Proposition 215. It is a scandal that local authorities sought to ensnare and prosecute Mr. Chavez rather than trying to work with him and to help him undertake distribution of medical marijuana in a legal and above-board fashion. That mistake should be corrected. Approach political advocacy prudently. We applaud many of the reforms Sheriff Carona wants to implement and note that most of them work of existing law.But law-enforcement officials who are too zealous in recommending changes in the laws run the risk of undermining their reputation as impartial enforcers of the laws as they exist. Those who establish a reputation for impartial enforcement first are in a better position to be credible advocates of necessary reforms than those who are out front too early and too often on political issues. With that caveat, we still suggest that both men undertake or sponsor independent studies of the results of the "three strikes" and drug possession laws. And good luck.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Crazy Idea Saves Babies Of Addicts (Orlando Sentinel columnist Kathleen Parker gives an update on Barbara Harris, the California woman who founded CRACK, which has paid $200 to 37 women crack addicts who got either a tubal ligation or Norplant, an epidermal patch that prevents pregnancy for up to five years. Harris has appeared on several TV and radio talk shows, attracting individual donations and corporate sponsors. Recent research has shown that babies exposed to crack can overcome their difficult beginnings if placed quickly in a loving, stable environment. Unfortunately, the vast majority of substance-exposed infants end up in foster care, and therein lies the tragedy.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 05:17:50 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Crazy Idea Saves Babies Of Addicts Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Pat Dolan Source: Orlando Sentinel (FL) Website: http:www.orlandosentinel.com Author: Kathleen Parker Copyright: 1999 Orlando Sentinel Pubdate: 6 Jan 99 Section: Features CRAZY IDEA SAVES BABIES OF ADDICTS Last year was a good year for 37 drug addicts who didn't give birth to a drug-addicted baby. Or seek an abortion. Or bury a premature child. All thanks to one crazy woman in California, Barbara Harris, who believes that any problem can be solved with common sense and a little cold cash -- even the problem of drug addicts bringing drug-addicted babies into a world they themselves can't navigate. It's been a little more than a year since I first wrote about Harris and her groundbreaking, nonprofit program called CRACK, or Children Requiring a Caring The program pays drug addicts to procure long-term birth control. Since I wrote about her, Harris has appeared on several TV and radio talk shows, attracting individual donations and corporate sponsors, and is beginning to rewrite one of America's saddest tales. Harris' plan was dazzling in its simplicity: Drug addicts care about drugs, not babies, and they respond to money, not motivational moral-speak. Why not pay them to stop having drug-addicted babies they can neither support nor nurture? It sounds cruel and coldhearted, but it sounds a lot nicer than the screams of a cocaine-addicted baby thrashing against restraints in an intensive care nursery crib. Harris is familiar with those sounds. She adopted four of eight babies born to one crack-addicted mother. All are thriving, now thanks to their stable, nurturing environment, but they're among the lucky few. Having nursed her four kids through scream-filled nights and the jitters of drug withdrawal, Harris was tormented by the fates of all the other drug-addicted babies. In 1997 she founded CRACK. To date, she and her associate, Lin Alvarez, have paid 37 volunteer clients. The women approach Harris through a hotline and promise to get either a tubal ligation or Norplant, an epidermal patch that prevents pregnancy for up to five years. When the client verifies treatment with written notice from a clinic, Harris hands over $200. A few men have filled out paperwork, but so far none has followed through, says Harris. The 37 women Harris has helped thus far already were responsible for 297 pregnancies, of which 184 went to term. Abortions accounted for 113. Fifteen babies were stillborn; 13 died after birth; 132 are in foster care. Note that I haven't used the words "crack baby." Joining the trend against labeling babies born to crack mothers, Harris prefers the term "substance-exposed infants." Children identified at birth as "crack babies" often are stigmatized as developmentally damaged and left at the bottom of the adoption pool. Recent research has shown -- and Harris' experience confirms -- that babies exposed to crack can overcome their difficult beginnings if placed quickly in a loving, stable environment. Unfortunately, the vast majority of substance-exposed infants end up in foster care, and therein lies the tragedy. According to Harris, 80 percent of birth mothers of drug-addicted babies never reclaim their children. Twenty percent of those who do reclaim their children come back into the system through the birth of another substance-exposed infant or for child abuse/neglect. By any measure, it's better to prevent such tragedies than to bemoan our failures later, says Harris. Anyone who thinks otherwise, she says, "better be ready to adopt."
------------------------------------------------------------------- When Busts Go To Pot (The Oklahoma Gazette says Kendall Eastridge of Skiatook has filed a claim against the state Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, which wrongfully targeted him and used "paramilitary tactics" when prohibition agents surrounded his 10-acre property on Aug. 12 because they mistakenly believed he was growing cannabis.) Date: Sat, 16 Jan 1999 15:59:36 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US OK: When Busts Go To Pot Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Michael Pearson (email@example.com) Source: Oklahoma Gazette (OK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.okgazette.com/ Pubdate: 6 Jan1998 WHEN BUSTS GO TO POT A Skiatook man who claims state drug agents wrongfully targeted him for growing marijuana has filed a claim against the state Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. Kendall Eastridge alleges OBN agentss and other law enforcement officers "using paramilitary tactics" surrounded his 10-acre property on Aug. 12 because they mistakenly believed he was growing pot. Eastridge also claims that one of the officers threatened to shoot his dog. This isn't the first OBN would-be bust to go up in smoke. Two Choctaw women already are pursuing a lawsuit against the agency. They contend their house was searched in July after drug agents mistook plants in the back yard for marijuana. OBN officials declined comment on the Skiatook case.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Convict Says Judge Erred In Airing His Record (The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel says Terry Weston of Beloit, Wisconsin, who was sentenced to eight years in prison for possessing six bags of marijuana weighing a total of 22 grams, is seeking to be resentenced because Circuit Judge James Welker allegedly discussed details of the case outside the courtroom.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 19:46:01 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US WI: Drug Convict Says Judge Erred In Airing His Record Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (WI) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ Copyright: 1999, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Author: Kathleen Ostrander Special to the Journal Sentinel Fax: (414) 224-8280 Pubdate: January 6, 1999 DRUG CONVICT SAYS JUDGE ERRED IN AIRING HIS RECORD Beloit -- A Beloit man sentenced to eight years in prison on a drug conviction is seeking to be resentenced because he claims the judge inappropriately discussed details of the case outside the courtroom. Terry Weston, 36, was sentenced in July after being convicted of possession of marijuana with intent to deliver. He was caught with six bags of marijuana weighing a total of 22 grams, court records say. After plea negotiations, his attorney and the Rock County district attorney's office agreed to recommend a sentence of 30 months of probation and one month in the County Jail, according to court records. But at the sentencing hearing, Circuit Judge James Welker railed at Weston about his heroin use and criticized him for quitting a drug program and fighting with the man driving him to the program. He then sentenced the man to eight years in prison, records show. That sentence, according to Paul LaZotte, Weston's attorney, came after Welker improperly discussed the case at a meeting of the Beloit Crime Prevention Council. The day Welker received a confidential presentence report from the state Department of Corrections, he organized and conducted a Crime Prevention Council meeting that was attended by Beloit city officials and residents, LaZotte said in a motion filed last week seeking a new sentencing. At that meeting, Welker passed out a memo detailing the case, Weston's criminal history, stating that Weston supported his drug habit by committing crimes and that he had illegitimate children in Illinois, the motion said. LaZotte contends the judge's actions violated Weston's constitutional right to due process. Beloit Police Chief Dick Thomas, who was at the meeting, said he remembers that the Weston case was discussed but he does not recall the exact dates of the discussions. According to state Supreme Court rules, judges are not to discuss information they receive in the course of their judicial duties outside of court. Nor are they to engage in ex parte communication (communicating on a case without all parties present) unless it is specifically required by law. Several days after the sentencing, a local newspaper printed a story that contained information from the memo that was not in the public record, the motion said. Welker could not be reached for comment Tuesday on the motion, which asks that a hearing be conducted by an impartial judge and a new sentencing hearing be scheduled.
------------------------------------------------------------------- N.Y. Locked Up 70,000 In '98 (The Daily Gazette, in Schenectady, says the number of inmates in New York's state prisons reached a record high last year despite plunging crime rates, costing taxpayers $1.7 billion. According to the Associated Press, Governor George Pataki, a former marijuana consumer, will propose extending "Jenna's Law," which requires violent felons to serve at least six-sevenths of their sentence, to cover non-violent felons as well.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 19:45:57 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US NY: N.Y. Locked Up 70,000 In '98 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk Pubdate: 6 Jan 1999 Source: Daily Gazette (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dailygazette.com/ Copyright: 1999 - The Gazette Newspapers Author: William F. Hammond, Jr. - Gazette Reporter N.Y. LOCKED UP 70,000 IN '98 Crime fell as inmate count grew: Pataki plans more parole limits ALBANY - The number of inmates in New York's state prisons climbed above 70,000 last year, reaching a historic high in spite of plunging crime rates, according to statistics from the Department of Correctional Services. The two trends are not as contradictory as they might seem, according to state officials. These officials said prison growth is a result of longer sentences and fewer opportunities for parole, policies promoted by Gov. George Pataki as a way of fighting crime. "The violent criminals are off the street," said Scott Steinhardt, a spokesman for the Division of Criminal Justice Services. "They're in prison where they belong, and therefore we're seeing a reduction in crimes committed. It's a simple, straightforward formula." Pataki is expected to stick to that formula in his State of the State speech today: According to The Associated Press, Pataki will propose extending "Jenna's Law," which requires violent felons to serve at least six-sevenths of their sentence, to cover non-violent felons as well. But critics of the administrationsay the continued growth of the inmate population is a sign that the Pataki-era crackdown has gone too far. They argue that crime has abated for other reasons - such as an improving economy, an aging population and a decline in the use of crack cocaine - and that the state should build on that success by rehabilitating criminals rather than simply keeping them behind bars. "We overuse incarceration," said Robert Gangi of the Correctional Association. "We have too many people locked up for too long a time." Gangi said New York should divert some of the $1.7 billion it spends on operating prisons to pay for things that could help prevent crime, such as education and treatment for drug addiction. "We're squandering money" on prisons, Gangi said. "Drug treatment is not only less expensive and more humane, it's actually more effective in reducing drug-related crime than long sentences." As of Tuesday, the prison population was 70,291, DOCS spokesman Michael Houston said. That represents an increase of about 1,200, or 1.7 percent, from this time last year, according to DOCS figures. The increase more than makes up for the decline of 600 inmates recorded in 1997, which was the first time the population had not gone up in 25 years. Overall, the prison population has more than quintupled since 1972, a period when the state's population declined slightly. Crime rates rose dramatically during most of those years, but have been falling equally dramatically since 1990. Between 1994 and 1997, the number of major crimes reported to police in New York dropped 23 percent, according to figures from the Division of Criminal Justice Services. Violent crime was down 29 percent in that period, and the number of murders dropped 45 percent, from 1,980 to 1,087. David Duffee, a professor of criminal justice at the University at Albany, said crime rates and incarceration rates have fluctuated pretty much independently of each other throughout world history, indicating that one has little effect on the other. Duffee noted that the prison population soared after New York adopted its Rockefeller-era drug laws, with their famously harsh penalties for dealing in narcotics, but that drug-related crime exploded at the same time. He said the current growth in the prison population is probably the result of changing policies on parole. Even before the adoption of Jenna's Law - named after an Albany nursing student who was murdered by an ex-convict in 1997 - parole officials probably used their discretion to keep criminals in prison longer, Duffee said. "They can tighten up on parole any time," he said. "They don't need a law to do that. . . . "You're seeing the corrections agencies becoming more conservative," he said. "They're worried about public reaction to misbehavior by paroled offenders on the street." Statistics from the state Parole Division support this theory. According to Thomas Grant, a spokesman for the division, the state's Parole Board granted early release to 53 percent of the inmates who applied for parole in fiscal year 1997-98, down from 64 percent in 1991-92, when Mario Cuomo was governor. Grant said the change was most dramatic for inmates convicted of violent crimes, such as murder, assault and rape. Parole for these felons was approved at a rate of just 33 percent in 1997-98, down from more than 53 percent in 1991-92. "The more violent the offense, the more the Parole Board looks at the release with a jaundiced eye," Grant said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pataki Will Unveil A Plan To Sharply Curtail Paroles (The Bergen Record, in New Jersey, says New York Governor George Pataki, looking to burnish his tough-on-crime credentials, will ask the state legislature to stop allowng inmates in New York state to be paroled.) Date: Thu, 7 Jan 1999 20:44:44 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US NY: Pataki Will Unveil A Plan To Sharply Curtail Paroles Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: 6 Jan 1999 Source: Bergen Record (NJ) Contact: http://www.bergen.com/cgi-bin/feedback Website: http://www.bergen.com/ Copyright: 1999 Bergen Record Corp. PATAKI WILL UNVEIL A PLAN TO SHARPLY CURTAIL PAROLES Gov. George Pataki, looking to burnish his tough-on-crime credentials, will ask the state Legislature to effectively end parole in New York state, officials said Tuesday. The Pataki plan was to be unveiled today as the Republican governor, with an eye on a possible run for national office in 2000, delivers his fifth State of the State address to a joint session of the New York Legislature. The governor also plans to propose an expansion of the state's DNA database, the genetic fingerprinting used to track down criminals, said the officials, speaking on condition of anonymity. The proposals were immediately criticized by a leading advocate for inmates' rights as a "one-size-fits-all type approach to all offenders" that would do little to increase public safety, but would make prisons more dangerous. "My breath's about taken away," Robert Gangi, executive director of the Correctional Association of New York, said when told about Pataki's plans. "If you take the possibility of parole away, that's one less reason for an inmate to behave himself or herself or to participate in programs," Gangi said. The prisoner rights advocate said Pataki seemed to be "playing to a national political audience." "When you couple this with the decision to grant no clemencies around Christmastime, it seems as if the governor is trying to add to his law-enforcement image," Gangi said. Gangi and others had hoped that Pataki, in the wake of his easy reelection victory last year, might move to ease the state's draconian Rockefeller-era drug laws. Any such move, although not ruled out by Pataki aides, will not be part of his State of the State address, they said. Pataki ran then-Gov. Mario Cuomo out of office in 1994 by pledging to bring back New York's death penalty and be tougher on crime. In 1995, Pataki quickly signed legislation reinstating the death penalty and another measure that ended parole for repeat violent felons. Last year, the Democratic-led state Assembly also bowed to Pataki's demands for tougher restrictions on parole for first-time violent felons. That legislation is known as Jenna's Law after the 22-year-old nursing student from the Syracuse area, Jenna Grieshaber, who was killed in her Albany apartment in 1997. Her parents had mounted a vigorous lobbying campaign for passage of the law. Prison parolee Nicholas Pryor was convicted of second-degree murder in September and sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for the slaying. Under Pataki's latest plan, parole would be phased out by requiring that all new violent or non-violent felony convictions carry definite sentences - such as 8 years instead of five-to-10 years - with no chance of parole. They could continue to earn "good-time" while in prison, but would still be required to serve at least six-sevenths of their definite sentence before release and be subject to supervision once they leave prison. Pataki aides insisted the continuation of good-time provisions was enough of an incentive to keep prisoners generally well-behaved.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jury Foreman On Trial For Bribery (The Associated Press says opening statements were scheduled for today in the trial of Miguel Moya, a jury foreman in Florida who allegedly accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to vote for acquittal in a high-profile cocaine-smuggling case. However, the news service omits the fact that the jury voted unanimously for acquittal.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 18:29:07 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: WIRE: Jury Foreman On Trial For Bribery Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press. Author: Tracy Fields JURY FOREMAN ON TRIAL FOR BRIBERY MIAMI (AP) - A jury foreman who allegedly accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to vote for acquittal in a high-profile cocaine-smuggling case is now himself on trial. Federal prosecutors say Miguel Moya bought a home in the Florida Keys, season tickets to the Florida Marlins, vacations and more after voting to acquit two men described as the nation's top cocaine smugglers during the 1980s. Opening statements were scheduled for today. The 1996 acquittals of Augusto "Willie" Falcon and Salvador "Sal" Magluta, who had been accused of making $2 billion in profits on 75 tons of cocaine smuggled into the United States, humiliated prosecutors and ultimately led to the resignation of U.S. Attorney Kendall Coffey. A representative of Falcon and Magluta contacted Moya and gave him about $500,000 for his vote and his influence on other jurors, according to a November indictment. Jurors deliberated for three days before telling the judge they could not reach a verdict. Hours later, they returned the acquittals. Apparently upset at the verdict, Coffey went to a club afterward. He resigned after a newspaper reported he was under investigation by the Justice Department for allegedly biting a topless dancer on the arm. Moya, an aircraft hydraulic engineer who coached youth football, faces bribery, obstruction of justice, witness tampering, money laundering and false tax return charges. If convicted on all counts, he could be sentenced to 130 years in prison. Also indicted were his parents, Jose and Rafaela Moya. Convictions on money laundering, witness tampering and accessory charges could send them to prison for up to 62 1/2 years. Falcon and Magluta are in prison on lesser charges filed after their cocaine trial. Moya's trial is expected to last at least two weeks.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Defense: Juror Didn't Take Bribe (According to another Associated Press account filed later in the day, defense attorney Curt Obront said in his opening statement that Moya's money really came from Ramon "Ray" Perez, a former Miami police officer who asked Moya's father to hide proceeds from a drug operation in the late 1980s.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 20:04:46 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: Wire: Defense: Juror Didn't Take Bribe Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: 6 Jan 1999 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press. Author: Tracy Fields Associated Press Writer DEFENSE: JUROR DIDN'T TAKE BRIBE MIAMI (AP) A jury foreman accused of accepting a $500,000 bribe in a 1996 cocaine smuggling trial got money to fund his lavish lifestyle from a relative convicted of drug trafficking, his attorney said Wednesday. Prosecutors contend Miguel Moya was able to buy a home in the Florida Keys, a Hawaiian vacation, a sports car and a boat after being paid to acquit two men who were charged with making $2 billion off of Colombian cocaine. Defense attorney Curt Obront said in his opening statement that Moya really was bankrolled by Ramon "Ray" Perez, a former Miami police officer who asked Moya's father to hide proceeds from a drug operation in the late 1980s. "The Moya family has a past that they are not proud of," Obront said. Assistant U.S. Attorney Edward Nucci said as a prospective juror, Moya lied about whether he or anyone close to him had ever been arrested or accused. Nucci also said that Moya ignored a judge's order not to have any contact with defendants Augusto "Willie" Falcon and Salvador "Sal" Magluta alleged to be the nation's top cocaine smugglers during the 1980s. Prosecutors contend an associate of Falcon and Magluta contacted Moya after he was named foreman of the jury and gave him about $500,000 for his vote and his influence on other jurors. "There was a traitor in that jury who was bought and paid for," Nucci said. Jurors in Falcon and Magluta's cocaine smuggling trial deliberated for three days before telling the judge they could not reach a verdict. Hours later, they announced they had acquitted the men, who had been accused of smuggling 75 tons of cocaine into the country. The acquittal humiliated prosecutors, including U.S. Attorney Kendall Coffey, who resigned after a newspaper reported he was under investigation by the Justice Department for allegedly biting a topless dancer on the arm the night after the verdict. Moya, an aircraft hydraulic engineer, is charged with bribery, obstruction of justice, witness tampering, money laundering and filing a false tax return. If convicted, he could get up to 130 years in prison His parents, Jose and Rafaela Moya, were indicted in November on charges of money laundering, witness tampering and accessory. They also are on trial, and face up to 62 1/2 years in prison if convicted. Their attorney said the couple retired because of medical problems and also started spending Perez's money shortly after Falcon and Magluta were acquitted.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Offenders' Drug Use Increases But Treatment Declines, Study Finds (An unusually critical New York Times account of the study released Tuesday by the U.S. Justice Department says the report found that the proportion of inmates who were "drug" users at the time of their arrest increased this decade, while drug treatment in state and federal prisons fell sharply. "This is an unintended consequence of prison expansion," said Richard Rosenfeld, a professor of criminology at the University of Missouri at St. Louis. "Each time we spend a dollar on building a new prison or expanding an existing one, it is one less dollar for drug treatment." The study also found that more violent crimes were committed by people who had been drinking alcohol than by those under the influence of "drugs.") Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 09:23:46 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: NYT: Offenders' Drug Use Increases But Treatment Declines, Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 Source: The New York Times Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Author: Fox Butterfield Contact: email@example.com Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/ Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ OFFENDERS' DRUG USE INCREASES BUT TREATMENT DECLINES, STUDY FINDS The proportion of new prison inmates who were drug users at the time of their arrest increased this decade, while drug treatment in state and federal prisons fell sharply, according to a study released on Tuesday by the Justice Department. "What is particularly tragic," said Richard Rosenfeld, a professor of criminology at the University of Missouri at St. Louis, "is that drug treatment in prison, where it can be coerced, has proven to be effective as an anti-crime program. "This is an unintended consequence of prison expansion," Rosenfeld said in an interview. "Each time we spend a dollar on building a new prison or expanding an existing one, it is one less dollar for drug treatment." Also Tuesday, President Clinton announced that he would propose $215 million in his next budget for testing and treating prisoners for drug use. About $115 million is currently budgeted for combating drug use by prisoners, parolees and probationers. The anti-drug proposal had been planned for some time as a significant part of Clinton's overall anti-crime strategy, White House aides said. Anticipating bad news in the Justice Department report, they timed its announcement for Tuesday in hopes of blunting the report's impact. The new study, by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, reported that the proportion of state inmates who were had been drug users before arrest -- that is, had used drugs in the previous month -- rose to 57 percent in 1997 from 50 percent in 1990, as the proportion among federal inmates increased to 45 percent from 32 percent. During those same years, the study said, the proportion of inmates in state prisons who received treatment for their drug abuse fell to 9.7 percent in 1997, from 24.5 percent in 1991, while the number receiving drug treatment in federal prisons declined to 9.2 percent from 15.7 percent. The report found that participation by inmates in state and federal prisons in other, nonmandatory drug abuse programs, like group discussions, did increase from 1991 to 1997. But Rosenfeld and other experts said these programs, which are cheaper to administer but lack forced participation, are much less effective. The increase in drug use by prisoners in state and federal prisons in the period leading up to their crimes appears to be the result of increased attention by both law-enforcement officials and legislators to drugs, singling out drug users for more arrests and giving them longer sentences if they have a history of drug involvement, the experts said. The actual number of criminals sentenced to prison for drug crimes increased 6.4 percent a year from 1991 to 1997, only slightly faster than the rate of 6.3 percent for those convicted of nondrug offenses, the Justice Department said. But police, prosecutors and judges are now more likely to take previous drug use into account when making an arrest, bringing charges or passing sentence, the experts suggested. At the same time, the huge increase in the number of Americans in jail or prison, which has more than doubled since 1980 to 1.8 million, has forced many prisons to cut back on a variety of counseling and educational programs in order to make space for more beds for inmates. Bruce Johnson, the director of the Institute for Special Populations Research at the National Development and Research Institutes in New York, a nonprofit research organization, said, "The drop in substance abuse treatment reflects a systematic decision to reduce these treatment programs and the need to use the space for more inmates." The Justice Department report underscored the strong link between drug use and criminality, finding that 83 percent of inmates in state prisons and 73 percent of those in federal prisons had used drugs at some point in their lives. "Increased substance abuse and criminal offending," said Andrew Golub, a principal investigator also at the National Development and Research Institutes, "are often characteristic of the downward spiral experienced by many individuals who end up in prison." Johnson and Golub have found that crack cocaine use has dropped sharply among young people in New York during the 1990s, an important factor in the decline in violent crime in the city. But young people now are more likely to smoke marijuana, the researchers have found, a conclusion echoed by the Justice Department report. The Justice Department report also found that more violent crimes were committed by people who had been drinking alcohol than by those under the influence of drugs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Another Budgetary Sound Bite (The Washington Post version focuses on the politics behind President Clinton's related announcement yesterday that he wants to spend another $215 million on the drug war.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 10:40:01 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WP: Another Budgetary Sound Bite Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: DrugSense Pubdate: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 Source: The Washington Post Copyright: 1999 The Washington Post Company Page: A08 Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://washingtonpost.com/ Author: John F. Harris, Washington Post Staff Writer ANOTHER BUDGETARY SOUND BITE Flurry of Revelations Designed to Cast Clinton in Favorable Light President Clinton offered another sneak preview of his proposed 2000 budget yesterday, trumpeting about $215 million his plan includes to help states impose tougher drug testing and treatment policies for prisoners and parolees. The Roosevelt Room announcement was the latest in a flurry of formal announcements and orchestrated leaks coming from the White House about its budget. The goal, say White House aides, is for these flurries to accumulate into a fresh blanket of domestic policy initiatives between now and Clinton's State of the Union address, planned for Jan. 19, and the official release of his budget on Feb. 1. For the White House, the careful staging of the budget is an old trick aimed at a new problem: With the Senate on the brink of an impeachment trial, Clinton needs more than ever to demonstrate that he remains at work trying to implement popular policies. On Dec. 19, the same day the House passed impeachment articles against Clinton, a group of budget and political aides gathered in the Roosevelt Room with a calendar. The purpose, aides said yesterday, was to map out a strategy for releasing newsworthy nuggets in Clinton's budget plan. A meeting a few days later in White House press secretary Joseph Lockhart's office was even more specific. Aides for a White House that has denounced "unauthorized leaks" put together a plan for which news organizations would be the recipient of authorized leaks about the budget. True to schedule, the leaks started coming over the New Year's break. The New York Times got advance billing of Clinton's defense spending plan. Officials laid out for The Washington Post proposals for regulating food safety. And several news organizations were briefed a day before Clinton announced on Monday a proposed tax credit to help families offset the cost of care for people with long-term disabilities. Profiting from the release of the budget is one of the advantages of incumbency. And White House officials said it only makes sense for them to maximize that profit by releasing the details over time, rather than putting them all into public view in one news cycle. But Republicans grouse that there is something fundamentally misleading about the White House's budget strip-tease. Clinton and his aides have happily divulged some of what they believe will be the most popular features of the budget, but have refused to say precisely how they plan to pay for new spending. Under the balanced-budget agreement he reached with Congress, there are tight limits that obligate Clinton to identify the funding source for new programs. And Clinton himself has insisted that all money from the budget surplus be saved pending a long-term overhaul of Social Security. But the president has given no one in the public or on Capitol Hill the information to assess the trade-offs he and his budget team have made. "It's a less-than-honest presentation," said Ari Fleisher, spokesman for the House Ways and Means Committee. "To date, the administration has leaked in a self-serving manner just the news they want made." The news the administration does not want made, Fleisher suspects, is that it intends to pay for its programs through devices that Clinton will describe as adjusting fees or closing loopholes but that Republicans will call by another label: tax hikes. In last year's budget, Fleisher said, Clinton's budget identified nearly $39 billion over five years through various revenue adjustments, but Republicans eventually agreed that only $2 billion of that total represented legitimate loophole closures. White House officials said the totality of their budget will be clear soon enough, once the formal document is released. In the meantime, they have disparaged suggestions that Clinton's policy schedule is motivated by a desire to provide a contrast with the impeachment drama playing out on Capitol Hill. Referring to a pending administration report on steel imports, Lockhart joked at yesterday's White House briefing, "Oh, it's just this afternoon's attempt to divert attention." White House counselor Paul Begala noted that the White House is laying out its agenda in a way closely mirroring what it did a year ago -- before the name Monica S. Lewinsky came into popular parlance. "It's not a strategy, it's the presidency -- this is what we do," Begala said. Yet even if Clinton would be following much the same schedule in a non-scandal environment, advisers acknowledge that announcements such as yesterday's do serve a secondary purpose. Clinton has managed to withstand scandal and keep his approval ratings high, they said, in large measure because the public believes he has stayed focused on his agenda. For yesterday's event, Clinton was surrounded by Attorney General Janet Reno and White House drug policy director Barry R. McCaffrey as he announced his planned new money. Administration officials show that 45 percent of federal prisoners and 55 percent of state prisoners reported drug use in the month prior to their crimes, suggesting that better treatment and testing of prisoners and parolees could make a long-term dent in crime statistics.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Organizations Supporting Access to Therapeutic Cannabis (A bulletin from Patients Out of Time lists more than 50 supporters in the United States and around the globe.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 05:33:21 -0500 To: DRCNet Medical Marijuana Forum (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Michael (Miguet@infi.net) Subject: NEW: Organizations Supporting Access to Therapeutic Cannabis Sender: email@example.com Dear friends, It is my honor and privilege to pass along this new and updated list. If you have a question as to where it should or shouldn't be distributed, please feel free to respond to me or the address at the bottom. Thank you, Miguet *** Organizations Supporting Access to Therapeutic Cannabis As Compiled by Patients Out of Time [http://www.calyx.net/~olsen/MEDICAL/POT/pot.html - ed.] AIDS Action Council - 1996 Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics - 1981 American Academy of Family Physicians - 1977 American Bar Association (ABA) American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) American Medical Students Association - 1993 * American Preventive Medical Association - 1997 * American Public Health Association (APHA) - 1995 American Society of Addiction Medicine - 1997 Breckenridge, CO - 1994 British Medical Association - 1997 Burlington, VT - 1994 California Legislative Council for Older Americans - 1993 California Democratic Party - 1993 California Medical Association - 1994 California Nurses Association - 1995 California-Pacific Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church - 1996 California Pharmacists Association - 1997 California Society of Addiction Medicine - 1997 City of San Diego - 1994 * Colorado Nurses Association - 1995 Cure AIDS Now - 1991 Episcopal Church of the U.S. - 1982 Federation of American Scientists - 1994 Florida Governor's Red Ribbon Panel on AIDS - 1993 Florida Medical Association - 1997 Frisco, CO - 1994 International Cannabis Alliance of Researchers and Educators (I-CARE) - 1992 Iowa Civil Liberties Union Iowa Democratic Party Life Extension Foundation - 1997 Lymphoma Foundation of America Marin County Council, CA - 1993 Minnesota Democratic Farm-Labor Party - 1992 * Mississippi Nurses Association - 1995 Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse (MAMA) - 1992 Multiple Sclerosis California Action Network (MS-CAN) - 1996 National Association of Attorneys General - 1983 National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL) National Association of People with AIDS * National Nurses Society on Addictions (NNSA) - 1995 New England Journal of Medicine - 1997 * New Mexico Nurses Association - 1997 * New York State Nurses Association - 1995 * North Carolina Nurses Association - 1996 Northern New England Psychiatric Society Oakland City Council, California - 1998 Patients Out of Time - 1995 The People of the State of Arizona - 1996 The People of the State of California - 1996 Physicians Association for AIDS Care Preventive Medical Center, Netherlands - 1993 San Francisco City Council, CA - 1992 Santa Cruz County Council, CA - 1993 Stichting Institute of Medical Marijuana, The Netherlands - 1993 Virginia Nurses Association - 1994 Virginia Nurses Society on Addictions - 1993 Therapeutic cannabis consultation and information provided by: Patients Out of Time Fish Pond Plantation, 1472 Fish Pond Road Howardsville, Virginia 24562 (804) 263-4484 FAX (804) 263-6753 e-mail: Patients@MedicalCannabis.com *** Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 22:20:06 -0600 To: DRCNet Medical Marijuana Forum (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: "Carl E. Olsen" (carl@COMMONLINK.NET) Subject: Re: NEW: Organizations Supporting Access to Therapeutic Cannabis Sender: email@example.com The organizations with the asterisk are those which sought input from Patients Out of Time. I host their web pages at: http://www.commonlink.com/~olsen/MEDICAL/POT/ http://www.calyx.com/~olsen/MEDICAL/POT/ Sincerely, Carl Olsen
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rat Pack (An excerpt from the "Press Clips" media-criticism column in the Village Voice previews "Snitch," a documentary on federal drug informants to be broadcast on PBS' "Frontline" on Jan. 12. "Everyone in Congress who swears by their constitutional duties should be forced to watch 'Snitch' and then do something about this spectacle of cruel and unusual punishment." Plus a list subscriber provides a URL where the show can be seen after its broadcast.)Date: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 18:35:54 -0800 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: 'Frontline' to cover 'snitches' Jan. 12 Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com (NOTE: PBS "Frontline" will air "Snitch," the show reviewed below, on Tues., January 12, 1999.) Excerpted from "Press Clips," a regular media criticism column of the Village Voice, January 6-12, 1998 edition by Cynthia Cotts (firstname.lastname@example.org) Rat Pack In this age of scaredy-cat media, let's hear it for WGBH's Frontline series, which continues to sponsor top-quality investigative reporting. The latest in the long line is "Snitch," a documentary that airs on PBS January 12. In this amazing show, veteran producer Ofra Bikel examines the role of snitches in the drug war and captures the injustice at the heart of the U.S. criminal justice system. Everyone in Congress who swears by their constitutional duties should be forced to watch "Snitch" and then do something about this spectacle of cruel and unusual punishment. The aberration began in the late 1980s, when Congress gave federal prosecutors the power to assign harsh sentences for any drug offense, and to offer cooperation deals as the only way out. Then Congress passed a law allowing prosecutors to hit the lowest person in a drug ring with a sentence fit for a kingpin- with no more evidence required than the word of a single informant. Within a few years, drug defendants were testifying against each other right and left. There's one hitch: with so much incentive, snitches are terribly prone to lie. But drug prosecutors don't have to prove the reliability of their informants, and they don't have to fit the punishment to the crime. If they did, many of the heartbreaking stories Bikel discovered might never have come to be. For example, Clarence Aaron, a college athlete with no prior record, might not have ended up serving three life sentences for his minor role in a single crack deal. Lulu Smith, whose son was a suspected dealer, might not have been convicted by a prosecutor who knew she was innocent. Bikel was new to the subject. "I never used drugs. I don't know anybody who takes drugs," she says. "I assumed that those people are in jail because they got caught with drugs." In fact, under the current laws, people can land in jail who had no drugs on them at all. Along the way, Bikel met prosecutors who told her snitches are indispensable in the drug war and defense attorneys who told her the system invites "unbelievable abuse." "It is really shameful," Bikel says. She has concluded that prosecutors go on sending these minor players to jail because they're too lazy to buck the system. "Informants are easy and making deals is easy," she says. "But it is outrageous." Anyone who watches this show with an open mind will have to agree. *** From: "Rolf Ernst" (email@example.com) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Snitch - TV schedule info Date: Sat, 9 Jan 1999 11:23:55 -0600 Sender: email@example.com Tuesday, 1/12/ 10:PM (This is satellite, don't know local): Frontline: Snitch: Snitch (1:30) A look at American law enforcement's use of informants in the war on drugs and its potentially negative effect on our judicial system. As always, the broadcast will be available at http://www.legalize-usa.org shortly thereafter. Regards Rolf
------------------------------------------------------------------- MDMA and memory impairment studies online (A list subscriber posts a URL leading to articles from the December issue of the journal Neurology and the October MDMA study by Ricaurte suggesting neurotoxicity.) From: "Ken Russell" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Subject: RE: UPDATE - MDMA and memory impairment study online Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 17:48:05 +1100 Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com This site also contains information regarding the October MDMA study by Ricaurte suggesting neurotoxicity. Regards Ken *** A recently published sudy on MDMA, the 'John Hopkins Memory impairment study' as published in the december Neurology journal is now available online. The study suggests that there may be a 'link' between MDMA useage and ST/LT memory impairment in frequent users. The URL is: http://www.erowid.org/entheogens/x/mdma_study_memory/ All apologies if this message is off topic. Dan
------------------------------------------------------------------- Regarding the bust in Nicaragua (Don Wirtshafter of the Ohio Hempery, who has just returned from Nicaragua, recounts an outrageous travesty of justice going on there. A group of Canadians who were developing an industrial hemp industry in Nicaragua had their hemp farm busted at the behest of a DEA agent who led local officials to believe the crop was marijuana. Dr. Paul Wylie, the Canadian horticulturist who was hired to supervise the project by Hemp Agro International, which has a web site and offices in Vancouver, Toronto and Managua, is languishing in a Nicaraguan prison, presumed guilty and denied counsel. All of the Canadian investors in the project are now charged with major drug crimes. Many of them have never set foot in Nicaragua, but they are all subject to arrest in Canada and extradition to Nicaragua under the reciprocal provisions of treaties intended to bring narcotrafficantes north for trial in the U.S. or Canada.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 17:41:01 -0600 From: davewest (firstname.lastname@example.org) Reply-To: email@example.com To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Don Wirtshafter's report on the bust in Nicaragua Regarding the bust in Nicaragua From: Don Wirtshafter (email@example.com) A story is breaking in Nicaragua that should reach the world stage soon. I just returned from trying to turn around an ugly situation, but left without visible results. I hope some fair treatment in the U.S. and Canadian media can do some good. The story starts with a group of Canadian investors who wanted to do some good for Nicaragua. Bankers, builders and merchants got together and incorporated Hemp Agro International with offices in Vancouver, Toronto and Managua. Their website (http://www.hempagro.com ) describes their project and development they hoped to bring to the tropics. Nicaragua stagnates in the aftermath of series of natural disasters and a U.S. financed civil war. If there was ever a place to demonstrate industrial hemp's utility for sustainable economic development, Nicaragua is it. Hemp Agro planted 100 acres of Chinese hempseed and hired a full-time professional botanist to supervise a crop improvement program. The company envisioned growing a series of hempseed crops, pressing the seeds for oil, making products from hemp oil and utilizing the stalks for particleboard. The project was dependent on their developing an improved tropical variety of seed hemp, something not being attempted anywhere else in the world. The project took on additional significance in the aftermath of Hurricane Mitch. Tens of thousands of homes need to be replaced. The relief agencies had a choice, cut down thousands of acres of trees for building materials or accelerate the building of the hempstalk particleboard mill. Most of the traditional crops suffered heavy damage during the storm, Hemp Agro's crop withstood the winds and rain. Fifty employees were busy harvesting bags full of hemp seed and building a mountain of hemp stalks. That's when a U.S. DEA agent went ballistic. One day before Christmas, he caused an army of black hooded soldiers to move in and occupy the field. The men each posed for their picture in front of the large signboard that marked the "Hemp Agro Nicaragua, S.A. Research and Development Site." See: http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1998/diciembre/24-diciembre-1998/na cional/nacional10.html (This and the following links are in Spanish. For those who do not speak Spanish, paste these URL's into http://babelfish.altavista.com/cgi-bin/translate? for a rough translation into English.) Then they began the long task of gathering the crop in piles and setting them on fire. http://www.elnuevodiaro.com.ni/archivo/1998/diciembre/26-diciembre-1998/ Dr. Paul Wylie, the Canadian horticulturist who was hired by the group to supervise the project, was feeling pretty satisfied with his work in Nicaragua. His employees were busy harvesting their first crop of seeds. He had learned quite a bit about growing hemp in the tropics. Christmas was approaching and the harvesting would have to stop for the holidays. Dr. Wylie was in a taxi on his way back from the bank with the payroll for his 50 workers. A black car tried to force them off the road. A couple of motorcycles approached. Both Wylie and his driver thought they were being robbed. The driver started to head up on the curb to get away when bullets began tearing up the cab. Wylie and the driver were terrified until their attackers finally identified themselves as police. Wylie thought his troubles were over, but they were just beginning. Wylie was arrested and taken to the brig. The same prison that former dictator, Anastasio Somoza, used for his worst political enemies. A perfect movie set for an 1850's western, except it's an historic military base. Perched on the rim of the volcano, it's got an incredible view. Only the prisoners can't see a thing, they are kept in dungeons underground. In Nicaragua, you are considered guilty until proven innocent. Forget the right to counsel, forget the right to remain silent, this is not America. In the aftermath of his arrest, ten days of hearings took place on the case, only Wylie had no right to attendor help his attorneys prepare. He was locked up tight. Bail or bond were not available. Without an explanation of the charges, Wylie could not even figure out what he was being accused of. Thankfully, his wife was able to bring him food every day. Without family support like this, prisoners starve. Because of my expertise in hemp and my legal credentials, I was asked to hurry down to Nicaragua and help the local attorneys the investors hired to bring reason to the situation. I was determined to prove to myself and the court that this really was industrial hemp and not marijuana that was being grown. I also wanted to visit Dr. Wylie and see if I could raise his spirits. It took a court order to visit a prisoner in the brig, even for attorneys and translators. Armed with a court order that took days to obtain, the guards still only allowed us a short, 15 minute visit. It was barely enough time for introductions, and no time to get to the details of the case. Still, Wylie was able to briefly describe his research methodology. This was the George Washington Carver method of crop improvement. Start with seeds from as close to the original source as possible. This way you get the most genetic diversity. Plant a million plants. From these, find the thousand specimens that best match your breeding objectives. From these prime plants, plant a million seeds. Plant the seeds from the best 1000 plants for five years and you will see spectacular improvements in the breeding of that crop. It was an ambitious attempt to create a tropical variety of low THC industrial hemp, but the U.S. DEA got in the way. Our drug warriors refuse to recognize a difference between hemp and marijuana. The U.S. employed DEA agent looked at the plant in a microscope and saw the glandular trichromes characteristic of Cannabis. He concluded therefore it must be marijuana, never considering that hemp also has these characteristic parts. Nicaragua is in a vulnerable position. It needs a massive influx of foreign aid to begin its recovery from the civil war and Hurricane Mitch. Pressure from the U.S. diplomats forced the government to act quickly. One government minister after another came to court to kowtowing to the foreign imperialists. Politicians who praised the project a week before began denying that they gave approval or claimed that the investors lied to get their permits. Ten days of hearings were held over the New Year's holiday. The tide turned from whether a crime had been committed to which government heads would roll for allowing this scandal to develop. The scandal has occupied the front page in Managua's three papers since it broke the day before Christmas. As the tide turned against the defendants, the papers got more vicious. http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1998/diciembre/30-diciembre-1998/na cional/nacional10.html http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1998/diciembre/30-diciembre-1998/na cional/nacional5.html http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1998/diciembre/31-diciembre-1998/na cional/nacional1.html http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1999/enero/02-enero-1999/nacional/n acional11.html http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1999/enero/02-enero-1999/nacional/n acional10.html Monday's paper featured one story about the trial http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1999/enero/04-enero-1999/nacional/n acional7.html and another entitled "They Sell Crack in the Schools" about a government report that ended up describing the 100 acre bust. http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/archivo/1999/enero/04-enero-1999/nacional/n acional1.html Each of the Canadians investors in the project are now charged with major drug crimes. They are subject to arrest in Canada and extradition to Nicaragua under the reciprocal provisions of the treaties intended to bring narcotrafficantes north for trial in the U.S. or Canada. We are not describing a typical bunch of criminals. Hemp Agro International was founded by established Canadian citizens who wanted to do some good for the world. As part of their many applications for permits from various Nicaragua Agencies, the group provided the authorities with paperwork certifying they each had clean criminal records in Canada. Most had never thought about ever finding themselves in a criminal court. One problem confuses the issue for all involved. For the position of local manager, the investors chose to hire an historic figure, Oscar Danilo Blandón. Blandón is a central character in the C.I.A. drug running scandal that was so well exposed by Gary Webb in the San Jose Mercury News and in his recent book Dark Alliance. Blandón was one of the founders of the Contra party and remains well connected with the power structure in Nicaragua. But to finance the contra armies in the Reagan 1980's, Blandón imported tons of cocaine into America. He served almost two years in a federal prison. Blandón holds an MBA, is bilingual and became quite excited by the potential of what hemp can do for his country. He proved a natural choice for project manager. But the tide turned. When the government and media branded this research plot as the "largest marijuana bust in the history of Central America," Blandón's checkered history seemed to be as proof that these gringos were up to no good. The defense lawyers decided to put me on the stand to give expert testimony about hemp. It was a frustrating experience. "We call it 'going to Vietnam'" the attorneys told me in an effort to prepare me for the hearing. "It's brutal, ugly and take no prisoners. They were right. The usual civil behavior of attorneys that I am used to was not present there at all. It was war. We prepared more than 100 pages of journal articles translated into Spanish for the court. But because these were not originals, they were not admissible. Court was held in a cramped office lined by desks with old manual typewriters. It proceeded slowly because a secretary needed type a live transcript. In my case, since my Spanish was not up to speed, a translator did his best to make meaning of my technical presentation, phrase by phrase. It crawled slowly. When a question was posed to me, the transcript would be made, the secretary would read it back as my translator put it in English, I would answer pausing for the translation and the typing. It dragged on until 7:00 p.m. on New Years Day. The courtroom was crowded with newspaper reporters and photographers who crowded in to snap close-ups of my face. Nobody was introduced and I was not allowed to ask any questions. When I was done the lawyers commenced arcane legal arguments centering on why I did not present an embossed identification of myself as an attorney and botanist. The judge kept my bar card. I am used to court, but this was something else. It was an ambush. I was able to describe for the court the differences between hemp and marijuana. I explained the difference in the way the crop was grown and harvested. The evidence was that the employees were beating the harvested plants on a rail "like beans." This was clearly seed hemp. I explained that contrary to the assertion of the DEA, that international law gave Nicaragua sovereignty to decide the question for itself. "Cannabis grown for the purpose of industrial use" was excepted from the treaty provisions. A limit on the level of THC in the crop was up to Nicaragua to define. Switzerland, for example, has not set a limit. I described the market for the seeds and why the oil was so special. I explained that the test performed by the DEA incapable of descriminating hemp and marijuana. DEA agents were not violating the sovereignty of Canada or Switzerland, yet they felt at home running roughshod over our Central American neighbor. I explained why the researchers had to go to China for their seed, nothing close was available in Europe or America. The low-THC European varieties were for a far different latitude and climate and would not work in Nicaragua. Besides, they are all so protected by plant patents, registrations and restrictive contracts that the seeds would have to be bought every year. This means they would never acclimate to the Nicaraguan growing conditions and would be too unreliable to anchor an industry. China has grown hemp for seed for thousands of years. The people of the region where the seeds originated do not even have a concept of the use of the hemp plant as a drug. I told the judge of the 22 web sites I found that sold marijuana seeds. The minimum price offered was $5 per seed. At 60,000 seeds per kilogram, a kilo of seeds would be worth $300,000. The 15,000-kilogram container shipment from China would be 4.5 billion dollars if it were marijuana. I said it was impossible and crazy to assume that this much seed could be marijuana. Besides, I told the court, this particular shipment of seeds was examined by the U.S. Customs while the container was being transshipped in Long Beach, California. The container was emptied for a DEA inspection. Only hempseeds were found. They released th shipment to go forward to its destination in Nicaragua. I described what a hemp economy could do for Nicaragua in terms of employment and self-sufficiency. I gave good references for the Canadian defendants whom I had met. I tried to help, but it felt like I was talking to air. Yesterday, the judge found probably cause to hold the defendants up for charges. Dr. Wylie will have to languish in jail while the government works to extradite the other defendants from Canada and the U.S. Once arrested and returned "to the scene of the crime", the defendants will have no more rights than Dr. Wylie did upon his arrest. Most of the defendants were only inactive investors in the project. They have never set foot in Nicaragua. Now they will have to hire attorneys, fight extradition and suffer having their reputations smeared around the world. Nicaragua seems adept at shooting itself in the foot on a regular basis. What started out as an exciting project to bring a new industry to a place it was truly needed, has now turned into an international scandal. It's not just the investors who are affected. For Nicaragua to progress it will need help from foreign industries and industrialists, foreign technology and technologists. When the story of how Dr. Paul Wylie was treated for his efforts in Nicaragua is spread in the international community, it will be hard to get others to commit to even visiting the country. The real losers are the local compasinos who stood to gain steady employment in the project. As it is, the government agents kept the $5000 payroll they seized from Dr. Wylie. The workers missed their Christmas pay. There are no winners in this story. The toll will continue as long as our government obscures the difference between hemp and marijuana and its agents run roughshod over the rights of the people of Central America. I am trying to get some help spreading the word on this story. If the government spreads it, it will be all about marijuana. The word hemp will not make it into the story. I have to come out aggressively to get the word to the media that there is a lot more behind this "bust" than meets the eye. Anyone with suggestions is welcome to write or call. -- Don Wirtshafter Ohio Hempery Inc. Products the Earth Can Afford Call or write for our free catalog: Order Line 1-800-BUY-HEMP 7002 S.R. 329, Guysville, OH 45735 shop on line: (740)662-4367 fax(740)662-6446 http://www.hempery.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- Canadians grew pot on hemp farm: Nicaragua - Burlington man held, 6 others being sought (The Toronto Star version notes Hemp Agro International had explicit permission from the Nicaraguan government to grow hemp on a 100-hectare plantation. The defendants face up to 20 years in a Nicaraguan prison.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 22:37:38 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Peter Webster (email@example.com) Subject: Canadians Grew Pot On Hemp Farm: Nicaragua Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, January 6, 1999 Page: A20 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Kerry Gillespie, Toronto Star Staff Reporte Canadians grew pot on hemp farm: Nicaragua Burlington man held, 6 others being sought Seven Canadians and one Nicaraguan have been charged with growing marijuana on a Nicaraguan government-approved hemp farm. Paul Thomas Wylie, 45, of Burlington, has been held in a Nicaraguan jail since Dec. 23 on drug charges. Six other Canadians, including Grant Sanders, 35, of Burlington, are being sought by Nicaraguan police on the same charges. They are believed to be in Canada. The Canadians were involved in Burlington-based Hemp Agro International, which had permission to grow hemp in Nicaragua on a 100-hectare plantation. The fibres from hemp were once widely used in rope-making, but it is also closely related to the plant that produces cannabis, or marijuana. Wylie has been visited in prison by consular officials to make sure he is being treated fairly and his rights observed. ``So far they have been,'' Marion Chamorro of the Canadian consulate in Managua said. Wiley's family in Guelph were not aware that he had been arrested until they were contacted by The Star last night. His sister-in-law, Linda Wylie, said: ``We heard from him two weeks before Christmas. He said he'd call on Christmas but he didn't.'' Denis Thibault, the Canadian ambassador to Nicaragua, will be meeting officials to discuss Wylie's situation today, said Sophie Legendre, foreign affairs department spokesperson. If the six Canadians being sought by Nicaraguan police are in Canada, Nicaragua will have to apply under the extradition treaty to have them moved to Nicaragua to face charges, Legendre said. She wouldn't comment on whether such a request had been made. The plantation, located just east of Managua, was burned last month by police on orders from the health ministry. ``We received all the permits and authorization from the government (of Nicaragua) to grow industrial hemp. We spent hundreds of thousands of dollars in research, development, and planting,'' Sanders said yesterday. ``Now, they've changed the rules.'' The method and timing of cultivation was consistent with growing hemp for commercial purposes and not the illicit drug trade, said Don Wirtshafter, a U.S. lawyer who said he testified as an expert witness for Wylie when he appeared in a Managua court on Jan. 1. The hearing was held to determine whether there was enough evidence to charge Wylie and the others with cultivating marijuana, an offence that carries a sentence of up to 20 years. With files from Associated Press
------------------------------------------------------------------- Saskatchewan - Probation for pot use / British Columbia - Hunt on for marijuana (The first item in a brief Toronto Star summary of other marijuana news notes multiple sclerosis patient and medical marijuana activist Grant Krieger was given an 18-month suspended sentence yesterday for drug trafficking.)Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 10:13:27 -0500 To: email@example.com From: Dave Haans (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: TorStar: Probation for pot use; Hunt on for marijuana Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, January 6, 1999 Page: A6 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: email@example.com Briefly *** Saskatchewan Probation for pot use Marijuana activist Grant Krieger yesterday was handed an 18-month suspended sentence for drug trafficking. Outside Court of Queen's Bench in Regina, Krieger, 44, who suffers from multiple sclerosis, said he will continue to smoke pot during his probation. He claims the drug has helped mitigate the symptoms of MS, a chronic disease of the nervous system. *** British Columbia Hunt on for marijuana RCMP are still looking for a large quantity of drugs imported from Central America after seizing more than 225 kilograms of high-grade marijuana from a van parked outside a suburban house in Victoria. Officers found 18 bales containing packages of marijuana. Police believe that may represent only a quarter of the total shipment.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Krieger stays defiant (The Regina Leader-Post version provides more details.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 19:56:50 -0700 Subject: Canada: Krieger stays defiant From: "Debra Harper" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: FACTSS (email@example.com) CC: mattalk (firstname.lastname@example.org) Newshawk: email@example.com Date: January 6, 1999 Source: Regina Leader-Post (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Barb Pacholik Krieger stays defiant Pulling a small pipe from his pocket outside the Regina courthouse, Grant Krieger says no sentence can extinguish his pot smoking. "No. Never," the 44-year-old medicinal marijuana crusader replied when asked if the suspended sentence and probation imposed Tuesday would stop him. "I'll breach it (the probation order) -- that's not a problem. I've already breached it as far as that goes because I still have my pipe on me. I don't care," he said. Krieger maintains marijuana helps him control his multiple sclerosis. It was that belief which helped convince Justice Fred Kovach that due to "exceptional or extraordinary circumstances," Krieger shouldn't go to jail as the prosecution requested. The former Regina man, who now lives in Alberta, pleaded guilty last month to possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking. Under his probation order, Krieger must "keep the peace and be of good behaviour" for the next 18 months, which the courts interpret as obeying the law. He was also ordered to do 150 hours of community service. If he breaches the order, Krieger could be resentenced or charged with a new offence. While Krieger said he has no trouble being peaceful, he will continue to smoke marijuana and sell it to those who need it for medicinal purposes. "Selling to other people who are sick? If you have multiple sclerosis, come see me," he told reporters. He plans to help establish "compassion clubs" across Canada where sick people can get marijuana. "There is no distribution system in place for it in Canada, so I plan on putting one in." Krieger currently owes a $500 fine in Alberta, where he was found guilty last year of possession for the purpose of trafficking. He said he's prepared to go to jail because he doesn't have the money to pay the fine, due by the end of this month. "All they can do is jail me for life like Paul Bernardo, if they consider me that kind of criminal," he told reporters. Krieger was charged in Regina after police searched his home on May 19, 1996 and found about 55 grams of marijuana. He said he sold the drug to acquaintances who wanted it for medicinal reasons. Police also seized about $4,400 in cash, leading to a second charge of possession of the proceeds of crime. Kovach fined Krieger $1,500 for that offence, but ordered that it be paid from the seized money. Another $2,200 will be forfeited to the federal government and the remaining cash will be returned to Krieger. In imposing sentence, Kovach said it wasn't his job to debate whether or not marijuana has a medicinal purpose. However, he accepted that Krieger sincerely believes his health is helped by cannabis and that he sold the drug to others who had the same belief. Kovach said those "exceptional circumstances" warranted a sentence other than the jail term usually given drug traffickers. Krieger's 45-year-old wife Marie, who pleaded guilty to simple drug possession, was given a conditional discharge and ordered to do 50 hours of community service. The charge stemmed from the same 1996 police search, when a small quantity of marijuana was found in her car. Before sentencing, Marie told the court: "I stand with my husband today because the laws have to be changed."
------------------------------------------------------------------- School suspends 14 pot-smoking pupils (The London Free Press, in Ontario, says the students, ages 12-14, were suspended from Homedale senior elementary school in St. Thomas yesterday and criminal "charges are pending" because they shared three joints during a lunch break and then returned to classes presumably stoned.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 13:20:14 -0500 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org London Free Press (Ontario) Wednesday, January 6, 1999 School suspends 14 pot-smoking pupils By PAULA SCHUCK, Free Press Reporter A lunch-hour smoke break has turned into a much longer break for 14 St. Thomas pupils suspended after returning to classes stoned on marijuana yesterday. The Homedale senior elementary school pupils, ranging from 12 to 14 years old, went to a home where they shared three marijuana joints, said city police Staff Sgt. Ken Rice. Teachers noticed several pupils acting oddly but they weren't sure why, so police were called in to investigate, Rice said. The parents of all pupils involved were contacted and supported the decision, said principal David Ennis, whose second day on the job at a new school proved to be an eventful one. Police "noticed an odour," Ennis said. Rice said charges were pending. Ennis said the school was issuing a number of suspensions and several pupils will be banned from school for five days. Others may face shorter suspensions, depending on their involvement. The St. Thomas school was in the news in November when a mother and daughter were both charged with assault after a fight at Homedale. A female pupil was walking home from school when a 13-year-old girl, encouraged by her mother, challenged her to a fight. Copyright (c) 1999 The London Free Press a division of Sun Media Corporation. All rights reserved.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mexican Army Destroys 340 Marijuana Plantations (According to Reuters, Mexican military authorities said on Wednesday that in less than two weeks they had destroyed 340 marijuana plantations covering an area about the size of 100 soccer fields in the southern state of Chiapas.) Date: Sun, 10 Jan 1999 14:06:42 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Wire: Mexican Army Destroys 340 Marijuana Plantations Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 Source: Wire: Reuters Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited. MEXICAN ARMY DESTROYS 340 MARIJUANA PLANTATIONS MEXICO CITY, (Reuters) - Mexican military authorities said on Wednesday that in less than two weeks they had destroyed 340 marijuana plantations covering an area about the size of 100 soccer fields in the southern state of Chiapas. The Defence Ministry said between Dec. 26 and Jan. 5, the army in Chiapas destroyed marijuana fields covering 590,700 square yards (537,000 square metres) as well as 135 poppy fields totalling 99,372 square yards, (90,338 square metres). Poppies provide the raw ingredient for opium and heroin. U.S. anti- drug officials say Mexico is gaining importance as a producer country of the two opiates. Chiapas, site of a five-year-old standoff between Mexican authorities and rebel Zapatista Indians demanding improved rights for Mexico's 10 million indigenous people, is not considered one of Mexico's main marijuana-growing areas. The state, ranked as one of Mexico's poorest, is better known as a transshipment route for narcotics heading through Central America to the United States.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Complaint Filed Against Castro (The Associated Press says a lawsuit was filed in Paris on behalf of Ileana de la Guardia, the exiled daughter of Cuban Col. Antonio de la Guardia, who was executed along with three other officers in Cuba in 1989 for smuggling drugs into the United States. The lawsuit accuses Cuba's leader of international drug-trafficking and alleges de la Guardia and the others were executed to deflect accusations from Castro.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 19:46:06 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: France: Wire: Complaint Filed Against Castro Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: 6 Jan 1999 Source: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press. Author: Nicolas Marmie Associated Press Writer COMPLAINT FILED AGAINST CASTRO PARIS (AP) A lawyer representing a Cuban exile in France filed a complaint today against Fidel Castro, accusing Cuba's leader of international drug-trafficking, judicial officials said. The complaint was filed with Paris courts by lawyer Serge Lewisch on behalf of Ileana de la Guardia. She is the daughter of Cuban Col. Antonio de la Guardia, who was executed in Cuba in 1989 for allegedly smuggling drugs into the United States, said the officials, who requested anonymity. Lewisch also filed complaints against Castro on behalf of a French photographer, Pierre Golendorf, who spent 2 1/2 years in a Cuban jail, and Cuban artist Lazaro Jordana, jailed for four years for illegally leaving the country. Both men accuse Castro of "crimes against humanity," including torture and murder, the officials said. No further details were immediately available. The judicial officials said a judge would be required to open an investigation due to the gravity of the accusations. That investigation could eventually lead to the filing of criminal charges against Castro. However, they said it was unlikely the charges of crimes against humanity would stand because Castro has immunity as a head of state. In November, a Spanish court rejected petition by a Cuban exile group for a probe into allegations of genocide, terrorism and torture filed against Castro. But the drug-trafficking charges could stand, they said, because French law respects the immunity of foreign leaders only in cases directly linked to the sovereignty of the state in question. Drug trafficking would not fall into that category, they said. De la Guardia was executed by a firing squad alongside Maj. Gen. Arnaldo Ochoa, Maj. Amado Padron and Capt. Jorge Martinez. All confessed guilt but asked for mercy based on their records and contrition. The drug scandal stunned Castro's communist government, which for years had denied U.S. accusations that Cuba was being used to smuggle cocaine and marijuana to the United States. At the time of the trial, Castro said the scandal had done immense internal damage and eroded Cuba's international image. Lewisch charged that the United States knew in the late 1980s that Cuba had become a major conduit for drugs, and that the Caribbean island was using the revenue to fight the U.S. trade embargo and fund its forces in Angola. He said the four officials were scapegoats, executed to deflect accusations of drug-trafficking away from Castro. Lewisch, encouraged by Spain's efforts to bring former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet to trial for human rights abuses, said he hoped France would eventually issue an arrest warrant for Castro. "French jurisdiction has the competence to investigate these complaints and deliver an arrest warrant for Fidel Castro," Lewisch told The Associated Press. Judicial sources said prosecutors would need to prove that the drugs were destined for Europe, and France in particular, as Lewisch claims.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Colombian President Will Meet With Rebels (A New York Times article in the Orange County Register notes the United States has strengthened the position of Andres Pastrana by offering him increased military and police power. The meeting with leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, is scheduled for Thursday in the remote jungle town of San Vicente del Caguan. The government evacuated security forces from an area as big as Switzerland, but said progress depended on rebels' willingness to help stamp out drug trafficking in areas under their control - something the Pastrana government and military haven't quite managed themselves.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 18:45:31 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Colombia: Colombian President Will Meet With Rebels Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W. Black Pubdate: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Author: Diana Jean Schemo-The New York Times COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT WILL MEET WITH REBELS Negotiations: He Says Getting Help In Stamping Out Drug Trafficking Is Key To Ending The Civil War. Bogota,Colombia-President Andres Pastrana said Thursday that ending the civil war that has ravaged his country for nearly 40 years depends on the rebels' willingness to help stamp out drug trafficking in areas under their control. Pastrana's assessment came as he prepared to open talks with the leftist rebels. The United States has strengthened his position by offering help in increasing military and police power. Pastrana, who took office five months ago, is slated to meet leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, the country's most powerful insurgency, Thursday in the remote jungle town of San Vicente del Caguan. The government evacuated security forces from an area as big as Switzerland to allow the talks to take place, as the rebels demanded. In an interview at the Narino Presidential Palace on Tuesday, the 43-year-old president noted that American aid has so far gone largely toward supporting police efforts to halt drug trafficking, mostly through fumigation. Pushed by conservative Republicans in Congress, the United States more than tripled aid to Colombia recently, to $289 million this year from $88.6 million last year. This week, State Department spokesman James Rubin announced that a midlevel State Department official, Philip Chilcola, had secretly met with FARC leaders in Costa Rica to discuss the rebels' recent declarations of willingness to eliminate drug crops in areas they control. "The first enemy of peace is narco-trafficking," Pastrana said Tuesday. "If the FARC takes the decision to eradicate drug crops, they'll do it. Because they definitively have the influence to carry it out." Pastrana reiterated earlier criticism of American policy as relying almost exclusively on police tactics to fight drug dealing, and said that some in the U.S. Congress, Washington plans to spend $10 million on crop substitution in drug-producing regions, but $9 million of the money will go to Peru and Bolivia. "In the U.S. Congress, there are those who believe that only through repressive, policing measures can you put an end to this business," Pastrana said. "I maintain that for the first time ever, there's a different window of opportunity. And it's that the guerrilla group is saying it would agree to eradicate drug crops." The meeting is unfolding against a backdrop of intensifying violence in a war that has torn this country apart for decades. Last week, the FARC took advantage of a temporary cease fire declared by a right-wing paramilitary leader, Carlos Castano, to launch an all-out attack on his home base in the Nudo de Paramillo region. At least 30 people were killed, including a 3-week-old baby and a 3-year-old child. Some victims died after being dismembered, and were castrated afterward. Others were beheaded. Only 11 of the dead were identified. For several days, the fate of Castano remained uncertain, with the rebels claiming to have killed him. On Sunday, however, Castano contacted a radio station in Medellin to say he was alive.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug War For Peace But There Is No Peace (The original New York Times version) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 19:26:15 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Colombia: Drug War For Peace But There Is No Peace Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul_Bischke@datacard.com (Paul Bischke) Pubdate: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/ Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Author: DIANA JEAN SCHEMO COLOMBIA: DRUG WAR FOR PEACE BUT THERE IS NO PEACE BOGOTA, Colombia -- President Andres Pastrana said Tuesday that ending the civil war that has ravaged his country for nearly 40 years depends on the rebels' willingness to help stamp out drug trafficking in areas under their control. Pastrana's assessment came as he prepares to open talks with the leftist rebels. The United States has strengthened his position by offering substantial help in increasing military and police power. Pastrana, who took office five months ago, is slated to meet leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, the country's most powerful insurgency, on Thursday in the remote jungle town of San Vicente del Caguan. The government evacuated security forces from an area as big as Switzerland to allow the talks to take place, as the rebels demanded. In an interview at the Narino Presidential Palace Tuesday, the 43-year-old president noted that American aid has so far gone largely toward supporting police efforts to halt drug trafficking, mostly through fumigation. Pushed by Conservative Republicans in Congress, the United States more than tripled aid to Colombia recently, to $289 million this year from $88.6 million last year. This week, State Department spokesman James P. Rubin announced that a mid-level State Department official, Philip Chicola, had secretly met with FARC leaders in Costa Rica to discuss the rebels' recent declarations of willingness to eliminate drug crops in areas they control. Chicola also discussed the rebels' policy on kidnapping foreigners and the fate of three missing missionaries whom they are accused of having kidnapped five years ago. "The first enemy of peace is narco-trafficking," Pastrana said Tuesday. "If the FARC takes the decision to eradicate drug crops, they'll do it. Because they definitively have the influence to carry it out." Pastrana reiterated earlier criticism of American policy as relying almost exclusively on police tactics to fight drug dealing, and noted that some in the U.S. Congress had an interest in promoting war in Colombia. Under the current budget passed by Congress, Washington plans to spend $10 million on crop substitution in drug-producing regions, but $9 million of the money will go to Peru and Bolivia. "In the U.S. Congress, there are those who believe that only through repressive, policing measures can you put an end to this business," Pastrana said. "I maintain that for the first time ever, there's a different window of opportunity. And it's that the guerrilla group is saying it would agree to eradicate drug crops." "It's the first opportunity we have to consider our policy of fighting drug trafficking in a different way," Pastrana said. "Why not look at it." The meeting is unfolding against a backdrop of intensifying violence in a war that has torn this country apart for decades. Last week, the FARC took advantage of a temporary cease-fire declared by a right-wing paramilitary leader, Carlos Castano, to launch an all-out attack on his home base in the Nudo de Paramillo region. At least 30 people were killed, including a 3-week-old infant and a 3-year-old child. Some victims died after being dismembered, and were castrated afterward. Others were beheaded. Only 11 of the dead were identified. For several days, the fate of Castano remained uncertain, with the rebels claiming to have killed him. On Sunday, however, Castano contacted a radio station in Medellin to say he was alive. With the paramilitary cease-fire ending Wednesday, Pastrana appeared most eager to dampen expectations of instant progress in ending the conflict. He stressed that the talks beginning Thursday were not peace negotiations, but merely an effort to hammer out the logistics of eventual peace talks, and to gauge the willingness of the rebels to negotiate an end to the war that has claimed 35,000 lives in the last decade and made more than a million Colombians refugees in their own country. "On Thursday, we're not going to negotiate," Pastrana said. Earlier this week, he named four "spokesmen" for peace, including Nicanor Restrepo, an industrialist, Maria Emma Mejia, the former foreign minister under President Ernesto Samper, who will represent the opposition; Fabio Valencia, the president of Congress, and Rodolfo Espinosa, governor of Atlantico province. "We're going to install the table for a dialogue, to see if there's an interest in getting to the negotiating table," Pastrana said. So far, the rebels have not pledged to lay down their arms as part of any agreement. An analysis by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency last year predicted the rebels could win control of the Bogota government within five years. The questions that will be discussed over the next month in San Vicente del Caguan will largely involve logistics, including where and when negotiations will be held, and what role, if any, other countries should play in mediating or monitoring any agreements. Pastrana said that the single most important gauge for the future of talks would be whether or not a proposed agenda for negotiations emerges over the next month. Government security forces are now scheduled to retake the temporarily demilitarized zone in southeastern Colombia on Feb. 7, but Pastrana did not rule out extending the evacuation. He said that he believed the rebels were sincere in their desire to negotiate peace in exchange for participation in the country's political life, and added that he did not believe they were seeking control of territory. Pastrana noted that an earlier rebel effort to create a political party called the Patriotic Union fell apart with the steady, unexplained extermination of some 5,000 of its members over the last 12 years. "The great problem that the FARC has had is that the state never gave the guarantees that would allow them to pursue political activities," the president said. Asked what would happen if parties allied to the rebels won control of 40 percent of the country's municipalities, Pastrana said, "To me, that's fine. It's democracy." It was not clear Tuesday whether the top rebel leader, Manuel Marulanda, would come out of hiding to meet the president, whom he first met shortly before Pastrana's inauguration on Aug. 7. Rebel representatives in San Vicente del Caguan said that the preparations so far appeared to center largely around ceremonial, rather than substantive, aspects of the upcoming meeting. Fabian Ramirez, leader of insurgent forces in Southern Colombia, complained that the delegates Pastrana named to lead talks held "no decision-making power." "If that's the case, we may send similar delegates," he told the Reuters news agency in San Vicente del Caguan. "We could all end up around a table talking and nobody will be able to decide anything."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cocaine Farming Down In Peru (According to the Associated Press, the White House drug policy coordinator, General Barry McCaffrey, said Wednesday that coca farming is down dramatically in Peru and Bolivia, the two South American countries that traditionally supply most of the drug crop, but the decline has been offset by increases in Colombia.) Date: Sun, 10 Jan 1999 11:10:22 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Peru: WIRE: Cocaine Farming Down In Peru Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 Source: Wire: Associated Press Copyright: 1999 Associated Press. Author: ANNE GEARAN Associated Press Writer COCAINE FARMING DOWN IN PERU WASHINGTON (AP) Coca farming is down dramatically in the two South American countries that traditionally supply most of the drug crop, but that success is offset by increases in Colombia, U.S. officials said Wednesday. Coca plants must be chemically processed to become the powdered or crystallized cocaine, typically sold in the United States. For years, Peru has been the leading supplier of coca plants, followed by Bolivia. But both Peru and Bolivia have reduced the amount of farmland devoted to coca plants as farmers abandon Andean coca farms in favor of legal crops and U.S.-backed eradication efforts enjoy success, White House drug policy coordinator Barry McCaffrey said. "It is absolutely astonishing," McCaffrey said at a news conference. Coca grew on about half as much Peruvian land in 1998 as it did in 1996. And with fewer plants, the amount of cocaine Peruvian plants could produce fell by 48 percent to 240 metric tons between 1995 and 1998, CIA analysts concluded. Bolivia eradicated a record 28,660 acres of coca fields last year, or almost a quarter of the crop. Neighboring Colombia has traditionally been the seat of cocaine manufacturing, with less emphasis on farming the raw material coca. As production declined in Peru and Bolivia and kept coca from Colombian processing outfits, Colombian coca farming increased 56 percent in 1996 and 1997, CIA analysis of satellite photos and other data show. The CIA is still analyzing Colombian data for 1998, but officials said they expect to see further increases in coca farming there. So far, increases in Colombian production have not filled the gap created by decreased production in Peru and Bolivia, they said. McCaffrey would not comment in detail about Colombia, pending final analysis of the data. "Clearly, coca production in Colombia is skyrocketing," McCaffrey said. McCaffrey credited enlightened self-interest in Peru and Bolivia for reducing the coca crop, much of which ends up in the United States. Farmers see the advantage of getting law enforcement off their backs, and they like financial incentives offered by U.S.-backed anti-drug programs, McCaffrey said. The governments of both countries have worked hard to reduce economic dependence on drugs because they, too, see the long-term benefits, he said. "They believe it serves their own national interests," McCaffrey said. "The U.S. has played a modest supporting role."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drugs Czar Brain-Washing Our Children (A letter to the editor of the Evening News, in Norwich, England, says Keith Hellawell's announcement that teachers will be told to stop describing drugs as "soft" or "recreational" distorts the truth about the relative dangers of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco which kill the most, and cannabis which kills none, and teaches children that all drugs are the same.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 19:57:25 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: PUB LTE: Drugs Czar Brain-Washing Our Children Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: CLCIA Pubdate: 6 Jan 1999 Source: Evening News (UK) Contact: EveningNewsLetters@ecn.co.uk Related: Letter refers to http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n007.a06.html DRUGS CZAR BRAIN-WASHING OUR CHILDREN The UK's Anti-drugs Coordinator, Keith Hellawell, has come up with a proposal that is nothing more than a programme of brain-washing our children at school. TEACHERS will be told to stop describing drugs as "soft" or "recreational", he announced (Evening News, January 2.) "A drug is a drug", said Mr Hellawell. This is an insult to teachers who, fortunately, will not be "told" anything, least of all when it is to spread wrong information. It is also an insult to children who want to be educated, not brain-washed. The so-called Drug Czar has no solution to the drugs problem. Now he wants to distort the truth about the relative dangers of all drugs, including alcohol and tobacco which kill the most, and cannabis which kills none, and teach the children that drugs are all the same. This form of propaganda may be acceptable in a Totalitarian regime but hardly in a democracy. Sincerely, E. A. Clarke Mount Pleasant Norwich
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dutch Have Fewer Drug Users than Thought (Reuters says a new survey, the first to document drug use in the Netherlands at large, financed by the health ministry and conducted by Amsterdam University and the Central Bureau of Statistics, found 15.6 percent of Dutch respondents aged 12 and older had used or tried cannabis at some time, versus a U.S. figure of 32.9 percent. In terms of current usage, 2.5 percent of Dutch residents age 12 and older had used cannabis within the last month, compared to 5.1 percent in America. The findings run counter to remarks made by the White House drug czar, General Barry McCaffrey, who last summer sparked a diplomatic spat when he said Dutch leniency on soft drugs had led to an explosion in the number of users, while the United States' hard line on drugs had supposedly cut abuse rates in America by 50 percent.) Date: Wed, 6 Jan 1999 18:10:34 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: The Netherlands: Wire: Dutch Have Fewer Drug Users than Thought Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: DrugSense Pubdate: 6 Jan 1998 Source: Reuters DUTCH HAVE FEWER DRUG USERS THAN THOUGHT AMSTERDAM, Jan 6 (Reuters) - The Netherlands has significantly fewer cannabis users than its reputation as a soft drugs haven might suggest, according to a study released on Wednesday. The study, financed by the health ministry and conducted by Amsterdam University and the Central Bureau of Statistics, is the first to document national drugs use. It found 15.6 percent of Dutch people aged 12 and over had used or tried cannabis, versus a U.S. figure of 32.9 percent. The Dutch study, published on Tuesday and which spanned 1997 and early 1998, determined 2.5 percent of those aged 12 and over had used cannabis within the last month. "(This) amounts to some 323,000 people, and is thus significantly lower than the estimate of 675,000 used by the (Dutch) government," the study said. In contrast, U.S. National Household Survey data for 1997 compiled by the Washington-based Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) determined 5.1 percent of Americans were recent cannabis users. "The figures show that a repressive drugs policy, as implemented in the U.S., does not necessarily reduce drugs use," the Dutch study said. "(Ease of) availibility is not a determining factor for the use of drugs in a country." The findings run counter to remarks made by U.S. drugs policy adviser General Barry McCaffrey, who last summer sparked a diplomatic spat when he said Dutch leniency on soft drugs use had led to an explosion in the jail population and a sharp rise in the number of users. By contrast the United States' hard line on drugs had cut abuse rates in America by 50 percent, McCaffrey said
------------------------------------------------------------------- URL for Dutch Study (A list subscriber posts the web address for the new survey on drug use in the Netherlands) Date: Sun, 10 Jan 1999 16:48:36 -0700 (MST) From: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (email@example.com) To: "Colo. Hemp Init. Project" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: URL for Dutch Study Centre for Drug Research, University of Amsterdam (CEDRO) "National estimates of drug use in the Netherlands available, for the first time" http://www.frw.uva.nl/cedro/press/npo1en.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, No. 80 (The original summary of drug policy news from DrugSense opens with a feature article by Jeff Goodman - What a drug sentence really means. The Weekly News in Review features several articles about Drug War Policy, including - Making criminals of us all; NewsBuzz: Zoning in; New methadone clinic seizes rich opportunity; Medical pot use doesn't stop arrests; Lockyer hopes to enforce state medical pot law; and Sharp drop in violent crime traced to decline in crack market. Several articles about Law Enforcement & Prisons include - Rehnquist: Too many offenses are becoming federal crimes; Tougher on criminals than prosecutors were - 3-strikes law proved it; Critics launch ad campaign opposing Rockefeller drug laws; and The last worst place. Articles about Drug Issues include - Days on methadone, bound by its lifeline; and Top-secret cannabis ready for medicinal harvest. International News includes - Drug traffickers terrorize upscale zone in Rio; Drug-related crimes on the rise in Russia: Stepashin; Pakistan busts heroin smuggling ring; Jail, cane for not providing urine sample; China's Shenzhen executes 11 for drug trafficking; and EU nations will resist calls for more tolerance. The weekly Hot Off The 'Net notes the "60 Minutes" newscast about Switzerland's heroin-maintenance experiment is now at the Legalize-USA site. The Quote of the Week cites Thomas Sowell. Plus accolades to DrugSense's newshawk of the month, Ken Russell of Australia.) Date: Wed, 06 Jan 1999 12:48:38 -0800 To: email@example.com From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly January 6, 1999 #080 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly, January 6, 1999, #080 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ This Publication May Be Read On-line at: http://www.drugsense.org/dsw/1999/ds99.n80.html TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, DONATE OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS PLEASE SEE THE INFORMATION AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS NEWSLETTER *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article What a Drug Sentence Really Means By Jeff Goodman * Weekly News in Review Drug War Policy- Making Criminals Of Us All NewsBuzz: Zoning In New Methadone Clinic Seizes Rich Opportunity Medical Pot Use Doesn't Stop Arrests Lockyer Hopes to Enforce State Medical Pot Law Sharp Drop in Violent Crime Traced to Decline in Crack Market Law Enforcement & Prisons- Rehnquist: Too Many Offenses Are Becoming Federal Crimes Tougher On Criminals than Prosecutors Were; 3-Strikes Law Proved It Critics Launch Ad Campaign Opposing Rockefeller Drug Laws The Last Worst Place Drug Issues- Days on Methadone, Bound by Its Lifeline Top-secret Cannabis Ready For Medicinal Harvest International News- Drug Traffickers Terrorize Upscale Zone in Rio Drug-Related Crimes on the Rise In Russia: Stepashin Pakistan Busts Heroin Smuggling Ring Jail, Cane For Not Providing Urine Sample China's Shenzhen Executes 11 For Drug Trafficking EU Nations Will Resist Calls For More Tolerance * Hot Off The 'Net 60 Minutes Piece on Swiss Heroin Program now on Legalize-USA site * Quote of the Week Thomas Sowell * NewsHawk of the Month Ken Russell Aussie NewsHawk *** FEATURE ARTICLE What a Drug Sentence Really Means By Jeff Goodman When I was sent to prison, the judge mentioned just the length of my sentence. Had he included the entire scope of my punishment, he may have said it differently "Mr. Goodman, I sentence you to take responsibility for every social ill -- past, present and future. Each time America runs out of foreign enemies, it apparently turns on itself to find more. By way of media, politics and indifference, people who break the law, good law or bad, become those enemies and are then responsible for every social malady. Whether this is logical, you are the culprit. "You are sentenced to live in a maladaptive, alien environment that defies description. You'll be stripped of your work skills, your self-worth and your humanity while at the same time face the daily threat of assault, rape, false accusations and unjustified punishment. You will live like this for seven years. If you manage to reenter society as a productive person, some will say prison was just what you needed. If not, others will say, 'I told you so.' "Because of counterproductive prison policies, you are sentenced to live in a world of cruelty and indifference that engenders the very behavior it purports to alleviate. If you share this with those outside of the prison system, you will be called a liar; most won't believe that millions are spent on the proliferation of facilities that perpetuate harm, not repair it. "You are sentenced to consume $150,000 in taxpayer dollars for your prison stay. While lawmakers cite the ever-growing cost of incarceration as a public necessity, you will learn that 10 percent of that amount goes towards your daily needs, while the other 90 percent pays for a bloated prison bureaucracy immune from any cost-benefit analysis. These tax dollars will be siphoned from school programs, child care and job training, all of which do make our communities healthy and safe and save millions in the process. Despite the media frenzy that portrays society as seething with crime, you'll learn that relatively few prisoners represent a danger to our communities; we're mad at most felons, not scared of them. So you'll wonder why the majority of prisoners aren't on home arrest, a logical move that would save millions of dollars and obviate the need for more prisons. "Practical education programs, universally proven to drastically reduce recidivism, will be almost nonexistent. In fact, you will be disciplined for possessing more than 10 books. Therefore, you will live in an environment where recidivism it tacitly encouraged, a fact not lost on those who want to run prisons for profit. "It is true that there are some counseling programs in prison and some people will benefit from them. Yet, if you attempt to describe the futility of a therapeutic environment placed within an atmosphere replete with dehumanizing policies, you will be told that your intentions are distorted and without merit. "You are sentenced to bear the wrath of a misinformed society. While you're experiencing everything I just said, you will be told how easy you have it. The media will find your Christmas meal more newsworthy than the damage caused by lawmakers who jostle for the next 'get tough' policy at the expense of society's well-being. Your privilege to have this once-a-year meal will be presented as so outrageous, a debate will ensue over which 'luxury' to take away next. Politicians will focus on violent sociopaths and pronounce their horrific crimes as a yardstick to measure the innate danger and incorrigibility of all law-breakers, including you. "Finally, as perhaps the most perverse component of your sentence, I hereby prohibit society from ever listening to you. Your comments on crime and punishment will be ignored. You, as well as others, will see the big picture, but few will care about the politics of crime and its role in our growing prison population. You will know that most prisoners are guilty of breaking the law, but only a few need to be separated from society. You will know that it is the reporting and sensationalism of crime that has skyrocketed, not crime itself. Unfortunately, though you will one day return to society with firsthand knowledge of our prison system, few will care; most see only the door leading into prison, not the one leading out. "Therefore, if your opinion ever gets printed in a newspaper, you will not only be perceived as just another lawbreaker unable to accept the consequences of his actions, but of being manipulative as well. Society will know this to be so because you once broke the law. "You are hereby sentenced to be a messenger whose message will be forever perceived as tainted, self-serving and disingenuous, regardless of its veracity and accuracy. "No one will believe you." "You have been sentenced to be a criminal." -- Jeff Goodman, of Eagan, is a software engineer. He spent time in prison as a first-time nonviolent offender. *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** Domestic News- Policy *** COMMENT: A thoughtful op-ed focuses on the transition from indignation over another's personal behavior to invocation of criminal sanctions against that behavior. While such a step seem normal in a theocracy, it is fraught with danger in any nation claiming to be a secular democracy. The next article is all the more frightening because it's from Oregon, the state that just voted for medical marijuana and against recriminalization. Portland's policy measure in pursuit of drug purity is little different than requiring German Jews to wear yellow stars in the Thirties. MAKING CRIMINALS OF US ALL Feet stomp. Fists pound. Fingers point. But whom should we blame for our popular President's unpopular impeachment and impending Senate trial? Mr. Clinton and the Democrats blame Kenneth Starr and the Republicans, who in turn blame the President and the Democrats, who blame Linda Tripp, Monica Lewinsky, Lucianne Goldberg, Paula Jones, her lawyers or a host of others. But the root of the scandal lies elsewhere: in the surfeit of intrusive laws that would make criminals of almost anyone the Government decides to investigate. [Snip] At what point do the evils of intrusive, well-meaning laws outweigh their benefits? When does a law's reach exceed its grasp? [Snip] Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/ Copyright: 1998 The New York Times Company Pubdate: Wed, 30 Dec 1998 Author: Richard Dooling URL:http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0007.a04.html *** NEWSBUZZ: ZONING IN In the next few months, the City Council will consider whether to label a large chunk of residential North and Northeast Portland a drug-free zone. Such zones aren't new--Portland already has four. What makes this zone different from the rest is its sweeping scope. [snip] A drug-free zone is a tool to target repeat drug offenders. When a person is arrested on drug charges in one of the zones, he is not only punished for the crime, but he is also excluded from the area for a year. If he's caught in the zone during the exclusion period, he's subject to search and arrest on criminal trespass charges. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 30 Dec 1998 Source: Willamette Week (OR) Copyright: 1998 Willamette Weekly Contact: email@example.com FAX:(503) 243-1115 Mail: 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR Website: http://www.wweek.com/ Author: Maureen O'Hagan URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n007.a03.html *** COMMENT: In another example of drug policy confusion at the local level, a New England newspaper complains that methadone clinics don't reduce the incidence of heroin addiction. That's like expecting the penicillin used for treating syphilis to cure promiscuity. NEW METHADONE CLINIC SEIZES RICH OPPORTUNITY IN A VACUUM New Bedford really hasn't come very far since the debate over needle exchange, when the victorious opponents satisfied their consciences with the empty promise that they really, really wanted treatment for drug addicts instead of "free needles." [snip] The clinic supporters point out that these methadone centers don't create new addicts; they simply tend to the needs of the existing ones. That's true as far as it goes, but it omits the fact that methadone clinics don't seem to be giving us any fewer addicts, either. Instead of being trapped on heroin, addicts are trapped on methadone.... [snip] Source: Standard-Times (MA) Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com/ Copyright: 1999 The Standard-Times Pubdate: 1 Jan 1999 Section: Opinion URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n004.a06.html *** COMMENT: The next item suggests that the phenomenon of local law enforcement going out of its way to harass medical marijuana users wasn't unique to California. On the other hand, things may be about to change dramatically in the Golden State, depending on the will of newly elected AG Bill Lockyer. MEDICAL POT USE DOESN'T STOP ARRESTS Mother, Aids-Afflicted Son Jailed after Police Find Plants Despite a new state law that allows some medical use of marijuana, a 61-year-old Tacoma woman and her blind son who has AIDS were arrested this week after Tacoma police found three marijuana plants in their home. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 2 Jan 1999 Source: Tacoma News Tribune (WA) Copyright: 1999 The News Tribune Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.tribnet.com/ Author: Cheryl Reid URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n007.a09.html *** LOCKYER HOPES TO ENFORCE STATE MEDICAL POT LAW Prop. 215 On new attorney general's agenda When Bill Lockyer takes on his new job as state attorney general this week, one of his top priorities -- and biggest challenges -- will be enforcing the voter-approved medical marijuana initiative. Lockyer's support of the marijuana initiative is part of an agenda he plans to pursue that would dramatically change one of the state's most powerful offices. His predecessor, Dan Lungren, made crime, prisons and victims' rights the centerpiece of his administration. But Lockyer said his mission includes not only combatting crime, but reviving environmental and civil rights protections, areas that he said were badly neglected by Lungren. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 04 Jan 1999 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Forum: http://www.sfgate.com/conferences/ Copyright: 1999 San Francisco Chronicle URL:http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n015.a11.html *** COMMENT: To attribute the drop in violent crime to a change in youth's attitude towards crack is to beg the most obvious question: what role did drug prohibition as policy play in creating the violent crack market? Also, given that a mature crack market has lost its allure for youth, what purpose is served by obscenely unequal mandatory minimum sentences for crack possession? SHARP DROP IN VIOLENT CRIME TRACED TO DECLINE IN CRACK MARKET New statistics released Sunday by the Justice Department are helping criminologists resolve a contentious mystery -- why violent crime has dropped seven straight years after an upsurge in the 1980s. [snip] Violent crime surged unexpectedly with the crack epidemic starting about 1985, and then began to fall, equally unexpectedly, in 1991. Only in retrospect have law-enforcement authorities and criminologists been able to theorize about the causes of the rise and decline in violent crime. [snip] The sharp drop in violent crime starting in 1991 can be accounted for by the reversal of these same forces, in what Johnson and Golub described as "an indigenous shift," as youths who came of age in the 1990s turned against smoking or selling crack. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 28 Dec 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/ Copyright: 1998 The New York Times Company Author: Fox Butterfield URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0003.a08.html *** Law Enforcement & Prisons *** COMMENT: While many of us are alarmed by a prison crisis that has been building for years, the idea is just beginning to receive cautious recognition in official circles. That the Chief Justice of a court which has given away so many individual rights has finally got a clue is indeed newsworthy. The focus of the second article is more parochial, but important nevertheless; California is a bellwether state; Wilson's prison policies will prove a disastrous time bomb if the new administration doesn't soon start changing the way things are done. Meanwhile, on the East Coast, New York's prototypical harsh Rockefeller Laws will receive some paid adverse publicity. Unfortunately this wire story didn't make a major paper. *** REHNQUIST: TOO MANY OFFENSES ARE BECOMING FEDERAL CRIMES Demanding a fundamental change in the nation's crime-fighting strategy, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist yesterday called on Congress to halt the politically popular practice of enacting federal laws against an ever-greater number of crimes once handled in state courts. "The trend to federalize crimes that traditionally have been handled in state courts . . . threatens to change entirely the nature of our federal system," Rehnquist said in his year-end report on the federal judiciary. [snip] "Because Congress has not only federalized most drug crimes but has imposed Draconian punishments for them, we have a situation now where prosecutors have the discretion to choose between bringing state charges or going to federal court where the same drug offense can produce dramatically higher sentences, and the defendant gets whipsawed in the process," said David Cole, a professor at the Georgetown University Law Center. [snip] Source: The Washington Post Copyright: 1999 The Washington Post Company Page: A02 Pubdate: Fri, 1 Jan 1999 Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Author: Roberto Suro, Washington Post Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n006.a02.html *** ENVIRONMENT AND CRIME -- MAJOR ISSUES Tougher On Criminals Than Prosecutors Were; 3-Strikes Law Proved It SACRAMENTO -- In the middle of a nearly hysterical anti-crime atmosphere brought about by the slaying of 12-year-old Polly Klaas, Gov. Pete Wilson was asked to back a tough new sentencing law supported by prosecutors. Wilson rejected the bill. Instead, he came out in favor of an even more rigid and harsh measure, the "three strikes and you're out" proposal backed by victims' advocate Mike Reynolds that eventually became law. Wilson's choice four years ago symbolizes the crime policy he followed throughout his eight years as governor: support for the most severe punishment possible, even measures considered too extreme by law enforcement officials. [snip] Critics, however, say Wilson's policies have been shortsighted because he has ignored far less expensive ways of preventing and punishing crime. The governor, they charge, has left the state with a bulging prisons budget and a potential prison construction crisis. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 29 Dec 1998 Source: San Diego Union Tribune (CA) Copyright: 1998 Union-Tribune Publishing Co. Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/ Forum: http://www.uniontrib.com/cgi-bin/WebX URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1206.a05.html *** CRITICS LAUNCH AD CAMPAIGN OPPOSING ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) - A bipartisan coalition opposing New York's Rockefeller drug laws launched radio advertisements Sunday calling for an overhaul of the rigid 25-year-old sentencing guidelines. The 60-second radio spots tell the true stories of people unable to be with their families over the holidays because they are serving lengthy prison sentences for relatively low-level drug offenses under the New York laws, which are among the harshest in the nation. [snip] Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Sat, 26 Dec 1998 Copyright: 1998 Associated Press Reconsider website: http://www.reconsider.org/ URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1199.a07.html *** COMMENT: The former Soviet Union housed prisoners in its Siberian gulag. Present US policy is also to isolate prisoners in rural gulags where they are both out of sight and out of mind. Self-interested locals who benefit from the policy also can be counted on not to complain. THE LAST WORST PLACE The isolation at Colorado's ADX prison is brutal beyond compare. So are the inmates This is it. The end of the line. The toughest ``supermax'' prison in the United States. [snip] The ominous objective might seem an odd match for the arid surroundings of Florence, population 4,000, in what was once cattle and coal country, south of Colorado Springs. But today, this is prison country. There were already nine state-run lockups in the county when eager Florence residents bought 600 acres and gave the land to the federal government, which used it to build four correctional facilities, including the ADX. Unparalleled in America, it is the only prison specifically designed to keep every occupant in near-total solitary confinement, rarely allowing inmates to see other prisoners. [snip] Pubdate: Monday, December 28, 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Copyright: 1998 San Francisco Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Forum: http://www.sfgate.com/conferences/ Author: Michael Taylor, Chronicle Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1200.a06.html *** Drug Issues *** COMMENT: This well written piece from the NYT is too long to be meaningfully excerpted. It should be read, however, by anyone who is curious about how methadone therapy works in the real world. It's clear that Giuliani wishes to offer new York's heroin addicts only three choices: abstain, leave town, or die. ON PERMANENT PAROLE: A SPECIAL REPORT DAYS ON METHADONE, BOUND BY ITS LIFELINE Shortly after 9 A.M., Pamela Carlo arrived at the tiny, nondescript clinic in Chinatown for her daily deliverance. It was a cool day, with a packed gray sky. The tang of fish was in the air. She displayed her ID card at the check-in window, consulted the blackboard to see who had to give a urine sample (she didn't), then waited on the scuffed linoleum floor until her name finally crackled over the loudspeaker. [snip] Source: The New York Times Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Pubdate: Sat, 2 Jan 1999 Contact: email@example.com Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/ Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Author: N. R. Kleinfield URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n006.a04.html *** COMMENT: On a most welcome and rational note (unthinkable in the US), continued progress was reported in British government-endorsed exploration of the medical uses of various natural cannabinoids. TOP-SECRET CANNABIS READY FOR MEDICINAL HARVEST BRITAIN'S first crop of government-licensed cannabis is to be harvested secretly for medical research this week by a specially vetted team of mature botanists. No younger staff were employed to grow the crop because of fears that they might be tempted to mix business with pleasure. Trials on up to 2,000 people will begin once medicine has been distilled from the plants in the spring, in the hope of developing treatments for illnesses such as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. [snip] Source: Times, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.the-times.co.uk/ Copyright: 1998 Times Newspapers Ltd Pubdate: Monday 28 December 1998 Author: Helen Rumbelow URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0008.a10.html *** International News *** COMMENT: Reuters' report of battles between police and well-armed drug traffickers in Rio demonstrates an economic "ripple" effect of drug prohibition as policy: newly created wealth is eventually shared by criminals and law enforcement. Each side is encouraged to recruit more manpower and buy more of the latest weapons; this is supposed to protect the public? In Russia; the failure of Communism has literally unshackled a Russian talent for crime; endemic poverty, global drug prohibition, and a weak central government now provide that talent with many creative opportunities to generate wealth. DRUG TRAFFICKERS TERRORIZE UPSCALE ZONE IN RIO RIO de Janeiro, Dec 28 (Reuters) - Shops and restaurants near the Governor's palace in Rio reopened on Monday after drug traffickers forced them to close over the weekend to honour a drug lord killed by police, community leaders said. Residents and business owners in the middle-class neighbourhoods of Laranjeiras and Cosme Velho said shootouts between rival gangs in the nearby shantytowns were common, but the forced closings showed a new level of brashness. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 28 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. Author: Tracey Ober URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n008.a10.html *** DRUG-RELATED CRIMES ON THE RISE IN RUSSIA, STEPASHIN. MOSCOW, December 29 (Itar-Tass) - The situation with narcotics trafficking and drug-related crimes continues aggravating in Russia, admitted Colonel-General Sergei Stepashin, the Russian Interior Minister. He stated this on Tuesday, summing up the results of Vikhr-3 (whirlwind) large-scale operation to combat crime that was concluded this week. [snip] Pubdate: 29 Dec 1998 Source: ITAR-TASS (Russia) Copyright: 1998 ITAR-TASS URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n008.a02.html *** COMMENT: Pakistan is a major trans shipment point for Afghan heroin exports. Can anyone be optimistic that the bust described below represents more than a transient inconvenience? Skeptics might also be forgiven for suspecting that good police work was not the only factor in ending a simple scam which had succeeded for over a decade. PAKISTAN BUSTS HEROIN SMUGGLING RING KARACHI, Pakistan, Dec 29 (Reuters) - Pakistani anti-drug authorities said on Tuesday they had busted a smuggling ring that had mailed up to $1.5 billion worth of heroin out of the country over the last 13 years. [snip] He said the alleged smugglers took wrongly addressed parcels and letters sent to Pakistan, put heroin inside them, changed the return addresses and mailed them back out of the country. [snip] Pubdate: 29 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. Author: Saeed Azhar URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0005.a08.html *** COMMENT: American drug offenders have something to be grateful for: as grim and inhumane as US punishment has become, it still doesn't hold a candle to Singapore. Nevertheless, caning and imprisonment are less terminal than the Chinese solution: a bullet through the base of the skull. JAIL, CANE FOR NOT PROVIDING URINE SAMPLE A JOBLESS man who defied narcotics officers by peeing in his trousers rather than provide a urine sample has been sentenced to six years' jail and three strokes of the cane. Later investigations showed that Loke Tuck Fatt, 39, had taken heroin. The Central Narcotics Bureau highlighted the case on Wednesday. Loke is the first person to be sentenced under the Long Term Imprisonment rule for failing to provide a urine sample. [snip] Source: Straits Times, The (Singapore) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://straitstimes.asia1.com/ Copyright: 1999 Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. All rights reserved. Pubdate: 1 Jan 1999 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0005.a10.html *** CHINA'S SHENZHEN EXECUTES 11 FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING SHENZHEN, China, Dec 24 (Reuters) - China's southern boomtown of Shenzhen executed 11 drug dealers, including a teenaged girl, in the city's second major judicial killing this year, the Special Zone Daily said on Thursday. [snip] Pubdate: Thur, 24 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0007.a05.html *** COMMENT: In the more pragmatic European setting, the "hard" vs "soft" debate confirms a belief in the necessity of prohibition, no matter which side is taken. A more productive format might be "illicit' vs "licit," however history suggests that emotions thwart logic in that one as well. EU NATIONS WILL RESIST CALLS FOR MORE TOLERANCE THE most liberal of EU governments are resisting any attempt to blur the borders between hard and soft drugs. Indeed Holland - famous for its coffee shops permitting the sale and smoking of small quantities of cannabis - argues that tolerance of soft drugs actually reduces misuse of harder drugs. France and other more conservative states disagree and maintain an across-the-board prohibition. But the effect is the same: the distinction between hard and soft drugs is regarded as necessary. [snip] Source: Times, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.the-times.co.uk/ Copyright: 1999 Times Newspapers Ltd Pubdate: Sat, 02 Jan 1999 Author: ROGER BOYES URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n0005.a11.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET 60 Minutes Piece on Swiss Heroin Program Now On-line Rolf Ernst has done it again. He got the 60 minutes piece on the Swiss Heroin Program up in record time. It can be viewed using RealVideo which is linked from his sight and can be downloaded for free. He has also reworked his web page and it is better than ever. http://www.legalize-usa.org (main page) http://www.legalize-usa.org/TOCs/video7.htm (bottom for 60 minutes piece) *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK `What is ominous is the ease with which some people go from saying that they don't like something to saying that the government should forbid it. When you go down that road, don't expect freedom to survive very long.' - Thomas Sowell *** January's NewsHawk of the Month - Ken Russell Congratulations to Ken Russell for being selected as our NewsHawk of the Month. Since becoming a NewsHawk, Ken has supplied almost all of our coverage of Australia. DrugSense asked him a few questions: DS How did you get into NewsHawking? KEN I originally got involved as a result of the MAP project being mentioned on DRCNet's DRCTalk mailing list. Over a period of a few months, what started as the occasional posting, became a regular trawling of Australia's newspaper websites. In recent months I have also been covering the other Australian papers that do not appear on the web. DS What do you consider the most significant story/issue of the past months? KEN I would have to nominate the recent medical marijuana votes as the most significant international story. Their impact will continue for many years to come. In Australia, the moves toward safe injecting rooms in Canberra is probably the most significant. DS What is your favorite website? KEN It's difficult to select a favourite from all the quality sites out there. The two that I find most useful are Cliff Schaffer's Drug library and the MAP's news archive. I use both of these on a quite regular basis. http://druglibrary.org/schaffer/ http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/ DS Is there anything else you would like to tell the readers of the Weekly? KEN When it comes down to it, drug laws are about prison. No matter what argument I hear against drug law reform that is the question I return to - do drug users belong in prison? Ken has agreed to moderate our newest mailing list, hawktalk. This list is for NewsHawks, and those who would like to join the MAP NewsHawking effort but need some assistance. The focus is on techniques, tools, sources, and other issues directly related to NewsHawking. It is a low volume email list which you may sign up for by using the webform at the bottom of the page at: http://www.mapinc.org/hawk.htm Finally Ken asked that all DrugSense and MAP activists be acknowledged. Ken realizes, as we all do, that this is very much a team effort and all our editors, NewsHawks, letter writers, staff and board are very important parts of the whole. *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS: Please utilize the following URLs http://www.drugsense.org/hurry.htm and http://www.drugsense.org/unsub.htm News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (email@example.com) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (firstname.lastname@example.org) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to email@example.com *** NOW YOU CAN DONATE TO DRUGSENSE ONLINE AND IT'S TAX DEDUCTIBLE DrugSense provides many services to at no charge BUT THEY ARE NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. 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