Portland NORML News - Friday, April 2, 1999

Oregon Medical Marijuana Rules - Public Hearing April 15 (Sandee Burbank of
Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse publicizes a hearing in Portland on the
Oregon Health Division's proposed rules for implementing the Oregon Medical
Marijuana Act, scheduled to take effect May 1. Plus a follow-up with more
details by Stormy Ray, a multiple sclerosis patient and chief petitioner for
Measure 67.)

From: "sburbank" (sburbank@orednet.org)
To: "DPFOR" (dpfor@drugsense.org)
Subject: DPFOR: OR Medical Marijuana Rules - PUBLIC HEARING - APRIL 15th
Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 08:34:33 -0800
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/


There is a public hearing on the proposed rules regarding medical marijuana
scheduled for:

Thursday, 2-5 PM, April 15th
Portland State Office Building,
800 NE Oregon St. - Room 140 (first floor)
It is near Lloyd Center.

Copies of the proposed rules can be obtained by calling Kelly Paige at
731-4011 ext. 640
or by writing to her at:

Oregon Department of Human Resources
Health Division
800 NE Oregon Street #21
Portland, OR 97232-2162

All are encouraged to attend if possible, especially patients, or to submit
written testimony.

These rules are scheduled to take effect on May 1st. Already 60 patients
or more have submitted information to the Oregon Department of Health
regarding their intent to use medicinal marijuana.


Sandee Burbank

Mothers Against Misuse and Abuse
2255 State Road, Mosier, OR 97040
phone or fax 541-298-1031

Join MAMA today! http://www.mamas.org


From: "Stormy Ray" (mbpdoors@cyberhighway.net)
Subject: DPFOR: Action NEEDED!
Date: Wed, 7 Apr 1999 11:56:23 -0600
Sender: owner-dpfor@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/

To: Oregon Medical Marijuana Act supporters

From: Oregonians For Medical Rights and Voter Power

Re: Upcoming Oregon Health Division Rules Hearing

This document is designed to provide our supporters with guidance and advice
prior to their participation in the upcoming hearing on proposed rules for
the OMMA permit system. Included are suggested talking points and concrete
advice on preparing testimony.

We are willing to help supporters prepare testimony and hope some of you
will contact us for assistance. Contact numbers are:

David Smigelski 1-877-600-6767

Geoff Sugerman: 1-503-873-7927

Stormy Ray: 1-541-889-3876

The hearing is scheduled for: Thursday April 15, 1999.....2pm to 5pm

Portland State Office Building

Room 140

800 NE Oregon St.

Portland, OR 97232

For those who would like assistance prior to giving testimony, we will be
available in the cafeteria on the ground floor of the State Office Building
from noon to 2pm prior to the hearing.


Following passage of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act in November 1998, the
Oregon Health Division was charged with developing a set of rules to
implement OMMA's permit system.

In many ways, the permit system is the cornerstone of the Act. It is the one
way patients and their caregivers can assure themselves that they will not
be arrested and prosecuted for possession of marijuana, assuming they follow
the law regarding the amounts they can have and where it is used.

While the overall shape of the rules proposed by the Health Division is
positive, allowing a safe and confidential registration system for patients
and caregivers, we have identified some problems that we hope to fix in the
public hearings process.

Primary Caregiver definition:

In the original law, the primary caregiver is defined as someone who has
significant responsibility for the care and treatment of the patient. The
Health Division has decided to define significant responsibility by
requiring primary caregivers to also assist in some other forms of patient
care, including, but not limited to, "assisting the person with nutrition,
hygiene, financial affairs, home maintenance or medical care."

We believe this definition is burdensome on caregivers, and it does not fit
with the multi-faceted approach used today in the care of chronically and
terminally ill patients. In many cases, patients have multiple caregivers
who perform specific functions related to their expertise and training, such
as physical therapy, pain management, dietary care, hygiene and mental
health counseling.

Under today's emerging system of care for seriously ill people, physical
therapists are not asked to cook meals, hospice nurses are not asked to
perform home maintenance, and visiting aides who bathe patients are not
asked to administer medication. In fact, because of professional licensing
requirements, liability concerns and time constraints, many of these
treatment professionals are limited to providing only one type of
assistance, yet they are all caregivers. In addition, some patients will
receive federal or state funding from an agency for their care.

To require that OMMA caregivers provide functions other than the cultivation
or delivery of medical marijuana is overly burdensome and out of step with
the intention of the law as passed by voters. This requirement may have
serious financial impacts on patients, and may place existing caregivers at
odds with federal law (if they are paid with federal dollars).

We hope that much of the testimony from patients will focus on this
definition of a primary caregiver. We encourage you to share stories of
caregivers you have worked with and how this specific definition would
hinder you.

Definition of Mature Plant:

In the law passed by voters, the Health Division is required to establish a
definition of mature versus immature. (Remember, the law allows patients or
their primary caregiver to grow up to three mature and four immature plants.)

The proposed definition would define a plant as mature as soon as flowers
are apparent on the plant by unaided visual observation. The problem with
this simplistic definition is that flowers appear on marijuana plants
several weeks or months before the flowers are developed enough to harvest
as useable medical marijuana.

Law enforcment is claiming that the definition is easy for them to use
because a plant is either flowering or it is not. We contend that the
definition of mature should include only plants that are actually producing
useable medical marijuana. The proposed definition would place patients at
risk of arrest for possessing too many mature plants when, in fact, their
plants aren't even capable of producing useable medicine.

Tips for preparing testimony:

One of the most important things to remember in testifying before a
committee is to keep your remarks brief and concise. Many people will be
there to testify. It is preferable to have written testimony of two pages,
and then read or summarize that testimony in your remarks.

Your remarks should be no more than three minutes.

This task force and the Oregon Health Division have worked hard on these
rules and we believe they are workable with the exception of the two issues
listed above. The Health Division is not our enemy, and the public employees
charged with helping us develop these rules deserve our respect. It is our
hope that displays of marijuana paraphernalia, or items such as clothing or
jewelry featuring marijuana leaves, will be left at home. We have done an
exceptional job of moderating our positions to better protect patients, and
we need to continue on that path.

You can send written testimony, e-mail your comments to:

or call 503) 731-4030. Best of all "Come Join Us! See you there.

God Bless, Stormy

Oregon Medical Marijuana Act
Chief Petitioner -Stormy Ray
(541) 889-3876
715 Canyon 2 Rd.
Ontario, OR 97914

Senate panel passes bill to tighten assisted suicide law (The Associated
Press says the Oregon state Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday approved
SB 491, a bill that would give Catholic-affiliated hospitals that oppose
assisted suicide a firmer hand to punish doctors who flout hospital policy
and help patients end their lives.)

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Senate panel passes bill to tighten assisted suicide law

The Associated Press
4/2/99 4:07 AM


Associated Press Writer

SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- A Senate panel approved a bill Thursday to give
hospitals that oppose assisted suicide a firmer hand to punish doctors who
flout hospital policy and help patients end their lives.

But while the 1997 Legislature put a measure on the ballot to repeal the
suicide law - a plan that was rejected by voters - this measure doesn't
seek to overturn the Death with Dignity Act.

Backers of the measure, SB491, said it only tightens language in Oregon's
first-in-the-nation law allowing doctors to prescribe lethal drugs to
terminally ill patients who request it.

The measure now moves to the full Senate.

State officials have said that 15 terminally ill Oregonians used the act to
end their lives in 1998, the first full year the law was in effect.

Health groups that oppose assisted suicide, such as Providence Health
Systems, a network of Catholic hospitals, have asked for more authority to
penalize doctors who assist in suicides in violation of those groups' rules.

Under the bill adopted by the Senate Judiciary Committee, those hospitals
can prohibit doctors from participating in assisted suicide on their
property if they clearly forbid it in their contract.

Further, doctors who violate that policy could be punished by losing their
hospital privileges or office lease.

The changes wouldn't prevent doctors from answering a patient's questions
about assisted suicide or referring the patient to another doctor while on
hospital property, however.

Backers of the Death with Dignity Act earlier expressed concern that
lawmakers were making another attempt to undermine the suicide law, but said
Thursday they were satisfied with the clarifications.

"The bill still protects patient access and the rights of doctors who
participate," said Geoff Sugerman. "It doesn't do anything beyond what the
law was intended to do, or what current law says."

Opponents of the suicide law tried unsuccessfully to persuade the panel to
adopt language requiring that all patients undergo a mental health
evaluation before they could get a lethal prescription from their doctor.

The current law allows doctors to order a mental health exam if they see a
need for one, but doesn't require it.

"I think that it's a minimum to protect patients who are most naturally
depressed after hearing about a terminal illness," said Gayle Atteberry,
head of Oregon Right to Life, which strongly opposes assisted suicide.

On another issue, the panel decided to require patients who decide to use
the law to have an Oregon driver's license.

That was aimed at easing concerns by critics that Oregon would become a
"destination for death" because the current law's residency requirement is
so loosely worded.

In earlier discussions, lawmakers had considered amending the law to
prohibit patients from taking their lives in a public place -- such as a
beach or a park.

The committee didn't include such language. But it did allow a state agency
to charge a person's estate for any costs that might arise if the patient
commits suicide on public property.

(c)1999 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1999 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Revision of suicide law draws less heat (The Oregonian version)

Newshawk: Phil Smith (pdxnorml@pdxnorml.org)
Pubdate: Fri, Apr 02 1999
Source: Oregonian, The (OR)
Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian
Contact: letters@news.oregonian.com
Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201
Fax: 503-294-4193
Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/
Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/
Author: Erin Hoover Barnett
of The Oregonian staff

Revision of suicide law draws less heat

* In contrast to pitched battles in the past, a Senate panel quietly builds
consensus on new rules for Oregon's Death With Dignity Act

SALEM -- The scene in the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing earlier this
week would have been unthinkable during the 1997 Legislature.

A lawyer from Oregon Right to Die, once considered a scrappy activ- ist
group, sat side by side with officials from the Oregon Medical Association,
Providence Health System and the Oregon Health Care Association. They used
words like "mutually agreeable" to describe a series of changes to Oregon's
landmark physician-assisted suicide law.

Then on Thursday, assisted-suicide opponents and supporters on the Senate
Judiciary Committee voted unanimously to send Senate Bill 491 to the full
Senate. The bill amends the Death With Dignity Act, including clarifying
residency requirements and the right of health care organizations to
prohibit assisted-suicide-related activities on their premises. All are
minor issues compared with the debate last session about whether the law
would live or die.

However, a battle is yet to come when the House takes up the issue of
whether the Oregon Health Plan should continue to cover assisted suicides.

Sen. Neil Bryant, R-Bend, chairman of the committee and sponsor of SB491,
led the effort to reach agreement on revisions, bringing together Oregon
Right to Die, sponsor of the Oregon Death With Dignity Act, and various
health care organizations.

Ardent assisted-suicide opponents such as the Catholic Church, Physicians
for Compassionate Care, Oregon Right to Life and the disabled-rights group
Not Dead Yet stayed largely on the sidelines with this bill. Many of the
organizations said that to get more involved would be to lend legitimacy to
a law they do not support.

Bryant sandbagged a last-minute attempt Wednesday by Sen. Eileen Qutub,
R-Beaverton and a Judiciary Committee member, to get an amendment
prohibiting Oregon Health Plan financing for assisted suicide into his bill,
leaving that debate for the House.

"This is a bill I've worked hard on to have consensus and keep it
nonpartisan, and I intend to keep it that way," said Bryant.

Bryant and other committee members expect SB491 to have a smooth ride
through the Senate and hope for the same in the House. The Senate may
consider the bill as early as next week.

The bill clarifies the rights of health care organizations, such as
Providence Health System, to exercise their principles by prohibiting
assisted-suicide-related services on their premises.

But the bill allows patients to contract separately with doctors for
assisted-suicide related services. For example, a doctor whose health care
organization prohibits assisted suicide could go to a patient's home for an
evaluation or write the lethal prescription.

Steve Telfer, an attorney representing Oregon Right to Die, acknowledged
that defining how a health care organization can penalize doctors for
participation could be a barrier to patients who want access to the option.
But he said Oregon Right to Die was pleased to protect patients' ability to
contract with doctors separately.

The amendments also state that even at doctors' offices or hospitals where
assisted suicide is prohibited, doctors can still respond to patients'
questions about assisted suicide and refer patients to other doctors to help

A Providence attorney said the system will not pry unnecessarily into
doctors' interactions with patients. Providence is more concerned about
doctors who make public, such as to the media, their assistance of patients,
said Alitha Leon Jenkins, a senior attorney for Providence.

The bill says that if the health care organization has informed the doctor
that assisted suicide is prohibited and the doctor violates the policy, the
doctor can be penalized. Possible penalties include termination of the
doctor's office lease or other "nonmonetary remedies."

Penalties do not include loss of privileges or staff membership at a
hospital, however. This was a compromise to ensure that doctors in
one-hospital towns would not face sanctions that could, in essence, cost
them their livelihoods.

The bill also clarifies the ability of long-term care facilities, such as
nursing homes, to set policy prohibiting assisted suicide on their premises.
But because such facilities often do not have contractual relationships with
the doctors who serve their residents, the facilities would have limited
ability to punish doctors who violated their policy.

Senate Bill 491 also requires:

* Doctors to recommend that patients not take lethal medication alone or in
a public place. If a person uses the drugs in a public place, the person's
estate must cover any associated costs -- for emergency medical response,
for example.

* Patients to demonstrate residency by showing an Oregon driver's license or
an Oregon tax return, among possibilities.

* Health care providers to file a copy of the dispensing record for lethal
medication with the Oregon Health Division, to create an additional way to
track assisted suicides and avoid under-reporting.

* Doctors to give pharmacists the ability to opt out of filling a lethal
prescription, as the pharmacist's conscience dictates, without fear of sanction.

The pharmacists' "conscience clause" is also part of a bill in the House
that got a hearing Thursday before the House Human Resources Committee.
Bryant expects that bill to fizzle if SB491 passes.

The House Human Resources Committee will hear testimony as early as next
week on House Bills 3099 and 2374. The first outlaws Oregon Health Plan
coverage of assisted suicide and the second stops coverage for assisted
suicide and abortion. Both are sponsored by Rep. Roger Beyer, R-Molalla.

Steve Suo of The Oregonian staff contributed to this report. You can reach
Erin Hoover Barnett at 503-294-5011 or by e-mail at ehbarnett@news.oregonian.com

Drug Czar - Hung By His Own Report (Orange County Register columnist Alan
Bock gives a close reading of the March 17 Institute of Medicine report on
medical marijuana and says it may be true that its conclusions are
"politically colored, but that may not be such a bad thing. Perhaps including
a few politically correct demurrers like undue fear about the effects of
smoking per se in an era in which smoking anything has been so demonized is a
small price to pay for enhancing the credibility of the nuggets of valuable
truth the report contains." And Bock proceeds to tease a number of profound
implications from one sentence in the report that says "it is the legal
status of marijuana that makes it a gateway drug.")

Date: Sun, 4 Apr 1999 10:42:03 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: OPED: Drug Czar - Hung By His Own Report
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield (jnr@freecannabis.org)
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Copyright: 1999 The Orange County Register
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Author: Alan Bock


I have read some criticisms of the Institute of Medicine report on the
state of scientific knowledge regarding medical marijuana that have
enough validity to be worth considering. Overall, however, the report
(available to read or download here) competently summarizes and
synthesizes a good deal of what is known and should prove valuable for
those who hope that eventually science and reason will triumph over
obfuscatory prohibitionism.

Richard Cowan, former executive director of the National Organization
for Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), notes an excessive emphasis on
the dangers of smoking that is curious in the absence of any confirmed
cases of lung cancer caused by marijuana smoking (a fact the report
had to acknowledge). He also criticizes the report's writers' fixation
on what he calls the "single molecule paradigm,'' the unproven
assertion that isolation of single active molecules in the plant would
be obviously superior to "licensing'' the whole plant. Many advocates
of herbal medicine claim the unique combination of ingredients found
in natural plants (not just marijuana) accounts for their therapeutic
value. Maybe they're wrong, but shouldn't the viewpoint be mentioned,
if only to be refuted?

Steve Kubby, the former Libertarian Party candidate for governor in
California who is a medical marijuana patient (adrenal cancer and high
blood pressure) facing criminal trafficking charges for growing his
own in his own home, notes that the IOM committee didn't discuss
vaporization as an alternative to smoking though it had information
about it, and that the study makes no mention of the eight patients
who have received 7.1 pounds of marijuana a year from the federal
government since the early 1980s, courtesy of the taxpayers. Surely
they would have made good subjects for studies on long-term effects.

All in all, says Mr. Kubby, "the IOM report is badly flawed science
with politically poisoned conclusions.'' It may be true that the
conclusions have been politically colored, but that may not be such a
bad thing. Perhaps including a few politically correct demurrers like
undue fear about the effects of smoking per se in an era in which
smoking anything has been so demonized is a small price to pay for
enhancing the credibility of the nuggets of valuable truth the report

I suspect the report's authors knew what most legalizers believe --
that, as they conclude after extensive documentation, "the adverse
effects of marijuana use are within the range tolerated for other
medications,'' that "a distinctive marijuana withdrawal syndrome has
been identified but it is mild and short-lived,'' and that strict
prohibition is a stupid policy.

I infer some of this from a single sentence matter-of-factly included
in a lengthy discussion of the perception that marijuana is a
"gateway'' to the use of other more dangerous illicit drugs. The
authors don't bother to tease out the implications but it isn't that

The report notes that one of the main reasons many are so adamantly
opposed to allowing marijuana to be used medicinally is "the fear that
marijuana use might cause, as opposed to merely precede, the use of
drugs that are more harmful.'' The authors divide the issue rather

"The gateway analogy evokes two ideas that are often confused. The
first, more often referred to as the 'stepping stone' hypothesis, is
the idea that progression from marijuana to other drugs arises from
pharmacological properties of marijuana itself. The second
interpretation is that marijuana serves as a gateway to the world of
illegal drugs in which youths have greater opportunity and are under
greater social pressure to try other illegal drugs. This is the
interpretation most often used in the scientific literature, and it is
supported by -- although not proven by -- the available data.''

They then discuss various studies and conclude that "there is no
evidence that marijuana serves as a stepping stone on the basis of its
particular drug effect," a fact even many prohibitionists will
reluctantly concede.

Then comes the sly kicker:

"Whereas the stepping stone hypothesis presumes a predominantly
physiological component to drug progression, the gateway theory is a
social theory. The latter does not suggest that the pharmacological
qualities of marijuana make it a risk factor for progression to other
drug use. Instead it is the legal status of marijuana that makes it a
gateway drug.''

Savor that apparently innocent sentence for a moment: "Instead it is
the legal status of marijuana that makes it a gateway drug.''

What implications can be teased from that sentence?

The main rationale for keeping marijuana illegal is not that it is so
dangerous in and of itself, but that it can serve as a gateway to
other, more genuinely dangerous drugs. But insofar as there is
evidence that marijuana use sometimes leads to the use of harder drugs
-- and there is some though it's not conclusive -- the reason is that
marijuana possession and use is illegal. A nice piece of logic, eh?

Take it another step. Those who insist on keeping the plant illegal
bear a serious degree of moral responsibility for young marijuana
users who do go on to use cocaine, heroin, PCP or other genuinely
dangerous or addictive drugs.

If Barry McCaffery and other drug warriors were really, seriously
troubled by the possibility that use of marijuana might lead innocent
or psychologically troubled people to harder drugs with much more
severe physiological dangers, they would move as quickly as possible
to legalize marijuana. The fact that they don't do so makes their
plaintive pleas of compassionate concern for those victimized by
addiction and drug-induced disorders ring hollow.

In a word, they refuse to take the action that would be most likely to
eliminate (or at least ameliorate) the only "gateway'' properties of
marijuana that have a shred of scientific support because their drug
war -- with all the money it shovels their way, with the opportunities
it presents to seize property, kick in doors and shred the U.S.
Constitution -- is far more precious to them than the ruined lives of

Give them the benefit of the doubt that they didn't understand about
the circularity of the "gateway'' contention before. But with this
report -- commissioned by "drug czar'' McCaffery (your tax dollars at
work), remember -- they have no excuse left. If they don't take the
logical step of legalizing marijuana to reduce harm, how far beneath
contempt are they?

Alan Bock is senior editorial writer and columnist at the Orange
County Register, Senior Contributing Editor at the National Educator,
a contributing editor at Liberty magazine and author of "Ambush at
Ruby Ridge."

Medical Marijuana Stalls (The Orange County Register responds to a threat by
the White House drug czar, General Barry McCaffrey, to arrest California
Attorney General Bill Lockyer for carrying out medical marijuana research by
urging Lockyer to defy the political appointee. "Mr. McCaffrey's bullying
attitude is intolerable. Attorney General Lockyer can be a hero. He should
seize the day.")

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 18:02:19 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: MMJ: Medical Marijuana Stalls
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W. Black
Pubdate: 2 Apr 1999
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Copyright: 1999 The Orange County Register
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Section: Metro page 6


The news on the medical marijuana front, where things seemed to have taken
a turn for the better during the two-day news cycle following the release
of the Institute of Medicine report on what is known about the science
surrounding marijuana as medicine, has turned grim. California Attorney
General Bill Lockyer's meeting with "drug czar" Barry McCaffrey last week
suggests that Mr. McCaffrey is not only inclined to continue to ignore the
report he himself had commissioned, he plans to interfere actively with any
attempts to implement California's medical marijuana law.

As the Sacramento Bee reported Saturday, after meeting with Mr. McCaffrey
and Attorney General Janet Reno, Mr. Lockyer told reporters that "both were
very clear that medical marijuana use violates federal law," and that
McCaffrey said a massive additional research effort is needed before that
status can be changed. Furthermore, when Mr. Lockyer told Mr. McCaffrey
that state law authorizes him (Mr. Lockyer) to conduct or sponsor certain
kinds of marijuana-related research, McCaffrey told Lockyer he would be
violating federal law and risking arrest if he did so.

It is dismaying - an inversion of the democratic process - for an
unaccountable, appointed federal official to threaten an elected California
official with arrest for trying to implement a state law passed by the
people of the state. Mr. McCaffrey's bullying attitude is intolerable.

As it happens, Mr. McCaffrey has not only set himself in opposition to the
relevant science and the wishes of the people of California and of five
other states who have recently approved the use of medical marijuana, he
also may be on shaky legal ground on several counts.

The Institute of Medicine report, which Mr. McCaffrey commissioned, not
only concluded that it does have present and potential value, it made it
clear that there is no legal basis for keeping marijuana on the federal
government's Schedule I, the strictest classification for the most
dangerous of drugs.

A petition to reschedule marijuana is now in the final stages of
consideration by the Department of Health and Human Services. A spokesman
for Mr. Lockyer said it was unclear as to whether Mr. Lockyer can file a
formal amicus curiae (friend of the court) brief on behalf of this
petition. But he can and should endorse it and urge HHS to act quickly to
reschedule marijuana. It will be almost impossible for the research Mr.
McCaffrey claims to desire to occur until this happens.

And there is a second lawsuit that Mr. Lockyer could support. Scientists
Durk Pearson and Sandy Shaw and several doctors and medical research
organizations recently filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the
District of Columbia demanding that federal officials stop trying to
nullify state laws in California and elsewhere that authorize licensed
physicians to recommend or prescribe marijuana. The suit claims the federal
government lacks constitutional authority to do so, on 1st, 9th and 10th
amendment grounds, and that the Constitution's commerce clause does not
allow the federal government to regulate medical practice or the
distribution of medicine within the borders of a state (the entire lawsuit
can be viewed and downloaded at http://www.emord.com/complain.htm ).

The people of five states have passed laws to permit the medical use of
marijuana under doctors' supervision. One appointed official is trying to
nullify those laws. It turns out that his opposition is not just cruel to
patients who are suffering, it is unscientific (as his own report reveals)
and perhaps even illegal under the federal law he claims to be enforcing.

Attorney General Lockyer can be a hero. He should seize the day.


From: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
To: "Peter McWilliams" (peter@mcwilliams.com)
Subject: Corrected URL for McCaffrey Lawsuit
Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 16:31:26 -0800

Here's the correct URL for





CASE NO. 97-CV-00462 (WBB)






Prosecutors move to vacate drug trafficking convictions (The Associated Press
says nearly 20 convictions were overturned and at least two prisoners were
set free Friday in New Hampshire because the convictions were based on
illegal searches by Rockingham County Deputy Sheriff Wayne Powers, who opened
about 100 air freight packages without warrants while assigned to the state
attorney general's drug task force.)

From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (when@olywa.net)
To: "_Drug Policy --" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Prosecutors move to vacate drug trafficking convictions
Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 19:52:15 -0800
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Prosecutors move to vacate drug trafficking convictions
By Ann S. Kim, Associated Press, 04/02/99 19:43

CONCORD, N.H. (AP) - Nearly 20 drug trafficking convictions were overturned
and at least two prisoners were set free Friday because the cases were based
on improperly secured evidence, prosecutors said.

At a news conference, federal and state prosecutors said they had asked
courts to overturn 20 convictions and 18 requests had been granted as of

The prosecutors said Rockingham County Deputy Sheriff Wayne Powers, while
assigned to the state attorney general's drug task force, opened about 100
air freight packages without first obtaining warrants and conducted the
searches in warehouses serving Manchester Airport.

The illegal search and seizure of some of the packages led to 20 marijuana
trafficking convictions, 16 in federal court and four in state court. One
package contained more than 100 pounds of marijuana, but prosecutors said
most of the seizures were significantly smaller.

Federal judges granted the 16 motions to vacate convictions. Two state
motions were granted by the time of the news conference and Attorney General
Philip McLaughlin said he assumed the other two would be granted as well.

''We have an affirmative obligation to make sure that things are done the
right way,'' McLaughlin said. ''That is why we are doing what we are

Prosecutors weren't certain how many people affected by the motions remained
in prison.

''I know a lot of them still are,'' said Gary Milano, chief of the U.S.
Attorney's criminal division.

Mark Sisti, a prominent New Hampshire defense lawyer, said at least two of
his clients were released from federal prisons late Friday - Michael Nelson,
29, released in Lewisburg, Pa.; and Darren Taylor, 33, released in Miami.

Powers, who is from Rye, has worked for the Rockingham County Sheriff's
Department for 10 years. He was assigned to the drug task force in 1996. He
was placed on administrative leave with pay while the investigation

Sheriff Dan Linehan said a decision on any discipline probably would be made
in about six weeks. The attorney general's office is conducting a criminal

The investigations were prompted when other officers on the task force
noticed irregular behavior on Power's behalf that sounded an alert,
McLaughlin said. He did not offer further details on what Power did to
arouse suspicions.

''We're talking about suspicions, I don't know how to articulate
suspicions,'' he said.

Evidence Used To Prosecute The Cases Was Illegally Obtained (The UPI version)

Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 07:37:30 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US NH: WIRE: Evidence Used To Prosecute The Cases Was
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: United Press International
Copyright: 1999 United Press International
Note: Headline by MAP editor


CONCORD, New Hampshire - The drug possession and trafficking
convictions of 20 people were thrown out today after authorities
revealed evidence used to prosecute the cases was illegally obtained.

State Attorney General Philip McLaughlin and New Hampshire U.S.
Attorney Paul Gagnon said a Rockingham County Deputy Sheriff working
undercover at air freight terminals searched packages for drugs
without a search warrant.

The deputy, who is now under investigation and on paid administrative
leave, discovered large quantities of marijuana in the packages.

The illegally-obtained evidence was used to convict four people in
state courts and 16 others in federal court last year.

Today McLaughlin and Gagnon said motions were filed in federal and
state courts to vacate the convictions.

The U.S. Attorney's Office has referred the entire matter to the
Justice Department's Civil Rights Division.

Arthritic Grandmother Beaten, Robbed Trying To Buy Pot (The Associated Press
says police in Winnabow, North Carolina, are considering filing charges
against Tinkey Mae Sullivan, 53, who was robbed while trying to buy marijuana
for her rheumatoid arthritis and other ailments with her 13-year-old grandson
in the car. Keith Stroup, executive director of the National Organization for
the Reform of Marijuana Laws in Washington, D.C., defended Mrs. Sullivan.
"Clearly you're not contributing to the delinquency of a minor if what you're
doing is trying to get drugs that are in some cases lifesaving and relieve
pain and suffering. It's almost a human right.")

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 15:39:40 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US NC: Wire: Arthritic Grandmother Beaten, Robbed Trying To
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Patrick Henry
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: Associated Press
Copyright: 1999 Associated Press


WINNABOW, N.C. (AP) -- At 53, Tinkey Mae Sullivan is a regular on the
mean streets of Wilmington, where she ventures to buy marijuana.

"They wave at me when I go in there," she said Thursday, sitting in
her double-wide mobile home in rural Brunswick County. "They all call
me Grandma."

Usually Mrs. Sullivan goes alone to buy a quarter-ounce to an ounce of
pot, which she says eases her rheumatoid arthritis and her other ailments.

But a week ago, she decided to make a pot run with her 13-year-old
grandson in the car. Both were robbed and attacked, and now police are
considering filing charges against her for bringing the child along.

Police Detective O.D. Horton said police were shocked by Mrs.
Sullivan's actions -- most significantly, that she took her grandson
with her.

"That's the issue I'm going to address first of all," he said.

Mrs. Sullivan, who with her husband has taken care of Chris since he
was 3 days old, had him along while running errands March 26 because
he had been suspended from school.

"I left the bank, and it hit my mind, 'Why don't I just ride by there
and see if I can get some stuff,"' she said. Chris didn't know why she
was there, she said.

She made the 15-mile trip to Wilmington and circled through the
neighborhood, then parked when two men indicated they had something to
sell. Instead, they jumped in the back seat and attacked Mrs. Sullivan
and Chris, taking more than $100 in cash, her grandson's wallet and
her purse, wallet and credit cards. She called for help from her cell

A proponent for the legalization of marijuana defended Mrs. Sullivan.

"Clearly you're not contributing to the delinquency of a minor if what
you're doing is trying to get drugs that are in some cases lifesaving
and relieve pain and suffering," said Keith Stroup, executive director
of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws in
Washington, D.C. "It's almost a human right."

Since 1996, voters in six Western states have legalized medicinal use
of pot, but patients could face prosecution under federal law if they
use marijuana. North Carolina has not approved use of pot for medical

Despite her harrowing experience and brush with the law, Mrs. Sullivan
said she won't stop using marijuana. Asked if she has any marijuana
now, she shook her head sadly.

And when will she buy more? "The first chance I get."

The Holy Grail of drug testing (A list subscriber forwards the URL to a
recent report assessing the accuracy of all currently manufactured urine
tests used in pre-employment screening. "This study proves their total
unreliability." Another forwarded message points out the study cited concerns
only on-site testing, rarely used by employers.)

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 13:06:24 EST
Originator: friends@freecannabis.org
Sender: friends@freecannabis.org
From: Jim Rosenfield (jnr@insightweb.com)
To: Multiple recipients of list (friends@freecannabis.org)
Subject: Fwd: More Urine testing

Date: Fri, 02 Apr 1999 10:10:27 -0700
From: Me (mplylar@sprynet.com)
To: jnr@insightweb.com
Subject: More Urine testing


While researching urine testing information on the internet I came
across what may be the "Holy Grail" of drug testing. It is a study
dated January 29, 1999, where all currently manufactured urine tests
used in pre-employment, etc. were tested for their efficacy. The data
contained here shocked me, to say the least. Since these tests are used
during pre-employment interviews & since this study proves their total
unreliability when detecting past drug use & lab confirmations are
seldom used to detect false positives in these cases, I believe this
data could be used in the form of a class action suit, to drive a stake
though the heart of the entire drug testing industry. Though I may be
deluding myself, please review this study & let me know if it says what
I believe it says.


Thank you.

Mike Plylar


From: theHEMPEROR@webtv.net (JR Irvin)
Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 18:55:17 -0800 (PST)
To: NTList@fornits.com
X-Loop: ntlist-Request@Fornits.com
Subject: [ntlist] More Urine testing
Reply-To: theHEMPEROR@webtv.net (JR Irvin)

At 03:31 PM 4/2/99 -0800, kevin zeese wrote:


Thanks for pointing out the study. It is an interestng one.

You should know that on-site testing (the tests examined by this study)
is not all that widespread in employment. It is a controversial topic
among drug testers, industry and the government. The federal government
has not approved on-site tests for its drug testing programs. This
research was done because it is controversial. As a result of these
findings I expect on-site testing will not gain much favor with the
government or in industry. (This will keep the cost of drug testing up
for industry and government as on-site testing is much cheaper.)
The more typical tests used require a lab even for the initial screening
test and then also use a more expensive and accurate test (GC/MS) for
confirmation. Studies of this type of testing show much lower rates of
error than on-site tests.

Thanks for pointing out this study I will be using it in my anti-drug
testing advocacy.


U.S. Targets Drugs, Violence In Schools, Crime (The Los Angeles Times says
U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno announced Thursday an "unprecedented
partnership" between three Cabinet-level departments - Justice, Education,
and Health and Human Services - would commit $300 million in new grants to
school districts that can demonstrate effective ways of combating violence
and drugs. The grants are ostensibly a response to last year's "spate" of
school-yard shootings, neither of which were linked to illegal "drugs.")

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 13:54:48 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: U.S. Targets Drugs, Violence In Schools, Crime
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Pubdate: Fri, 2 April 1999
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Copyright: 1999 Los Angeles Times.
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: (213) 237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Forum: http://www.latimes.com/HOME/DISCUSS/
Author: ERIC LICHTBLAU, Times Staff Writer


* $300 million in grants is meant to support programs that are proved
effective, officials say. Some experts, citing track record, are skeptical.

WASHINGTON - Spurred by last year's spate of schoolyard shootings, federal
officials committed $300 million in new grants Thursday to school districts
that can demonstrate effective ways of combating violence and drugs.

The program will provide up to $3 million per year for three years to 50
public districts that, through an application process, can put together a
comprehensive strategy in areas such as gang intervention, school security,
mental-health treatment and mentoring.

The overall rate of crime in schools has actually decreased slightly
nationwide over the last five years, but worries over the state of American
education - along with tragic shootings in schoolyards from Oregon to
Kentucky - have made fighting violence and drugs a passionate cause.

"Communities are coming together across the nation to provide services for
children," Atty. Gen. Janet Reno said in announcing the program. She hailed
the initiative as an "unprecedented partnership" between three Cabinet-level
departments - Justice, Education, and Health and Human Services - in an effort
to streamline the cumbersome funding process and get resources to those
students most in need of help.

But specialists in the field were somewhat dubious. "These are important
issues, and we ought to applaud them," said University of Michigan professor
Maris Vinvoskis, who has studied educational policy issues extensively.

But, he said, given the federal government's spotty track record in the
area, "there's every reason to be skeptical about whether this is going to
do what they say it's going to do. . . . Why should I believe it this time?"

In the past, federal school programs with similar aims sparked criticism for
devoting billions of dollars with virtually no strings attached. In the name
of safe and drug-free schools, funds were used for things such as Disneyland
tickets, puppet shows and resort weekends for community leaders.

But federal officials vowed that this latest program will ensure higher
standards of accountability because districts will have to compete for the
money. "Schools that come in with programs that aren't sound and effective
are going to be knocked out," said Bill Modzeleski, the Department of
Education's point man for the program.

In applications due June 1, districts seeking funds will have to provide
documentation on key problem areas such as drug and alcohol use, weapon
possession, truancy and suicidal behavior and map out a plan for combating
these problems. The plan must demonstrate cooperation with outside groups,
such as police, mental health and juvenile justice officials.

The program will award up to $3 million a year to urban school districts, $2
million to suburban districts and $1 million to rural and tribal districts.
Initial grants will last three years.

Modzeleski pointed to the Los Angeles Unified School District as a place
that could benefit from the program. A successful application might propose
improving conditions in problem schools in South-Central Los Angeles by
employing more truancy officers and keeping schools open longer for
after-school programs, said Modzeleski, who visited the district a few weeks

He stressed that districts must rely on methods that have been proved
effective by existing research.

A district that wanted to spend all its money on metal detectors, for
instance, would face rejection because "research has shown that's highly
ineffective." L.A. Unified spokesman Brad Sales said linking federal funds
to proven programs is "a welcome and needed" step and that Los Angeles will
certainly apply.

At Drug Strategies, a Washington research group that has given failing marks
to many federal educationfunding programs, vice president Rosalind Brannigan
said she is encouraged by the initiative.

Setting up a competitive application process and establishing clear
expectations for districts is a break from many of the earlier programs that
failed, she said.

"It's a step in the right direction. . . . People are being put on notice
that these programs have to be proven to work," Brannigan said. But ensuring
that districts abandon popular but often ineffective community drug and
violence programs, she added, "could be like turning the Queen Elizabeth. It
would take a lot of institutional effort."

U.S. DEA helps Mexico hunt for missing governor (According to Reuters, the
Drug Enforcement Administration said on Thursday that its agents had joined
Mexican authorities in a search for Mario Villanueva, the governor or the
Mexican state of Quintana Roo who disappeared days before he faced possible
arrest for alleged ties to drug traffickers. Although the D.E.A. denied it
was engaged in any criminal investigation of Villanueva, his lawyer said
Villanueva fears he will be arrested and subjected to an unfair trial in
Mexico. The Washington Post said Thursday that law enforcement officials in
the United States, Mexico and other countries were investigating bank
accounts in the names of Villanueva, family members and friends that
allegedly contain millions of dollars, including a Swiss account with $73
million in his name.)

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 10:32:58 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: WIRE: U.S. DEA helps Mexico hunt for missing governor
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: Reuters
Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited.


WASHINGTON, April 1 (Reuters) - U.S. anti-narcotics agents have joined
Mexican authorities in the search for a Mexican state governor who
disappeared days before he faced possible arrest for alleged ties to drug
traffickers, the Drug Enforcement Administration said on Thursday.

But DEA officials denied they were engaged in any criminal investigation of
Quintana Roo state Gov. Mario Villanueva, noting that he had not been
charged with any crime in the United States.

"The governor is being sought by Mexican authorities and he is not under
indictment in the United States," a DEA spokesman said.

"We are working jointly with the Mexican government and our Mexican police
counterparts to assist them in locating the governor," the spokesman added.

The governor, a member of Mexico's ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party
(PRI), is being investigated by Mexican authorities for allegedly allowing
drug cartels to use his state as a transit point for cocaine flowing to the
United States from South America.

His six-year term as Quintana Roo governor ends on Monday, along with his
criminal immunity. Mexican authorities said they cannot issue an arrest
warrant until then.

U.S. officials have said his state in the Yucatan Peninsula, known for the
Caribbean resort Cancun, became a major route for drug trafficking during
Villanueva's term.

Villanueva disappeared on Saturday and failed to show up this week as
scheduled for questioning in Mexico City.

Villanueva's lawyer said his client fears he will be arrested and subjected
to an unfair trial.

"He didn't tell me that he would flee, but yes, there was a well-founded
fear that once he no longer had immunity he would be arrested without any
legal protection," defence lawyer Raul Cardenas was quoted as saying in
Thursday's edition of Reforma newspaper.

"He felt that he could not get a fair trial," the lawyer said.

The Washington Post reported on Thursday that law enforcement officials in
the United States, Mexico and other countries were investigating bank
accounts in the names of Villanueva, family members and friends that
allegedly contain millions of dollars, including a Swiss account with $73
million in his name.

The Post said bank accounts in the United States, Mexico, the Cayman Islands
and the Bahamas also were under scrutiny.

The U.S. Treasury Department said, however, that its financial crimes unit
was not investigating Villanueva. The Justice Department's money laundering
and asset forfeiture section said it "had nothing on him."

{Reuters:Politics-0401.00741} 04/02/99

Under Drug Probe, Mexican Governor Disappears (A different Reuters version)

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 13:54:39 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Mexico: Wire: Under Drug Probe, Mexican Governor Disappears
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: Reuters
Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited.
Author: Dan Trotta


MEXICO CITY, March 31 (Reuters) - A Mexican state governor under
investigation for drug trafficking has disappeared just days before his
six-year term is to run out, raising speculation he may have fled into
hiding to avoid arrest.

Gov. Mario Villanueva of Quintana Roo, the Yucatan peninsula state that is
home to the famed Caribbean resort of Cancun, missed a scheduled appearance
before anti-drug authorities in Mexico City on Tuesday.

He was due to answer questions from Mexican anti-drug czar Mariano Herran
Salvatti and to inspect files in the case against him, officials said.
Villanueva never showed up, instead sending a letter restating his previous
denials of wrongdoing.

Neither state nor federal officials could confirm Villanueva's whereabouts
on Wednesday.

"We know nothing," Jorge Carrillo, a journalist for the state-run radio and
television network in Quintana Roo, told Reuters on Wednesday. "The only
information we had is that he left for Mexico City on Saturday to prepare
for his defence."

A secretary in Villanueva's office could provide no information on where the
governor might be.

The second-ranking official in Quintana Roo, Raul Santana, told the daily
newspaper El Universal, "If anybody knows where the governor is, please tell

Villanueva publicly had sought the meeting with anti-drug officials in a bid
to clear his name. The meeting had been postponed and rescheduled twice
before the parties settled on Tuesday.

"He did not show up even though he signalled to us he would do so," Herran
Salvatti, the anti-drug czar, told reporters. "He himself is rendering
hollow his announcement that he would offer proof in his defence."

Officials say openly that Villanueva, of the ruling Institutional
Revolutionary Party (PRI), is under investigation for suspected ties to the
illegal narcotics trade. His state has a long and deserted coastline near
the midpoint of a straight line from Colombia to the United States.

While steadfastly maintaining his innocence, the governor himself revealed
earlier this month that he is specifically accused of allowing drug
traffickers to use a state-owned airplane hangar to load and unload drugs,
of maintaining close ties with drug lords and of being a cocaine user

Because Mexican law makes prosecuting a sitting governor difficult, Mexican
media have speculated that Villanueva might be arrested after Monday, when
he is due to hand over office to Gov.-elect Joaquin Hendricks, also of the
PRI, who won the Feb. 21 election.

Peruvian Police Seize Two Tons Of Cocaine (Reuters says Thursday's bust was
the largest in four years. Most of the cocaine was being shipped to Europe,
where it would have been worth $185 million on the street.)

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 09:31:55 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Peru: Wire: Peruvian Police Seize Two Tons Of Cocaine
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Pubdate: 2 Apr 1999
Source: Reuters
Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited.


LIMA, April 1 (Reuters) - Peruvian police on Thursday made the largest
cocaine seizure in the Andean country in four years, discovering more than
two tons (tonnes) of the drug hidden among fish in a refrigerated storage
container, authorities said.

The cocaine, seized at a warehouse in Lima's port of Callao, would have had
a street value of about $185 million in Europe, where most of the cocaine
was intended for sale, police said. The cocaine had been stuffed into small
silver-taped packets among the fish, police said.

Two men, a customs official and a truck driver, were arrested in connection
with the seizure, which represented the equivalent of almost a third of all
drugs confiscated in Peru last year, police said.

Smugglers apparently had hoped to ship most of the cocaine to Spain, but
also planned to sell some in Peru, police said.

The seizure was Peru's biggest cocaine haul since authorities seized more
than four tons (tonnes) when they broke up a major drug ring four years
ago, police said.

Cannabis DNA bid to beat traffickers (The Herald, in Glasgow, Scotland, says
forensic scientists at Strathclyde University have developed a DNA test for
marijuana that will allow police to trace different cannabis samples to the
same source, while detailing the supply routes of "drug" traffickers across
the world. The new technology would seem to suggest that cultivators might
want to think twice about whom they give away their clones to.)

Date: Sat, 3 Apr 1999 09:25:35 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: UK: Cannabis DNA Bid To Beat Traffickers
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: shug@shug.co.uk
Pubdate: 2 Apr, 1999
Source: The Herald (Glasgow)
Contact: herald@cims.co.uk
Website: http://www.theherald.co.uk/
Author: Elizabeth Buie
Cannabis DNA bid to beat traffickers


Forensic scientists at Strathclyde University claim to have developed a
rapid new way of testing whether someone has been handling cannabis.

Dr Adrian Linacre, a DNA specialist, believes the test can also be extended
to detect other plant-based drugs such as cocaine and heroin.

But more importantly, he is hoping that with around UKP25,000 funding, he
could create a database of the DNA fingerprints of different strains of
cannabis that would allow police and customs officials to trace the supply
routes of drug-traffickers across the world.

While the possibility of developing a hand-held DNA-based test that would
have the same rapidity and certainty of a drink-drive test has great
potential, it is the chance to create a database that would track the route
of illegal drugs that Dr Linacre believes may have particular benefits.

The doctor has already developed a test using the cannabis plant's DNA which
he believes is more sensitive and specific than existing tests, which are
generally based on detecting anti-bodies and have been criticised as being
less specific.

For instance, as the cannabis plant shares certain similarities with the
hops plant, some currently-used drugs tests will give a positive result if
someone has had beer spilled on their hands.

Equally, some tests show positive if someone has simply handled money
previously held by someone who had been touching drugs.

Dr Linacre believes that his test avoids these problems, but admits it does
have one drawback - if someone who has been handling cannabis then washes
his hands using soap, the detergent ingredient will get rid of all traces of
the drug, as detergents are used to draw DNA from plants.

He believes this is the first time that DNA science has been applied to
drugs testing and hopes a commercial company will fund the development of a
rapid, hand-held test. To date, his research has been funded by fees from
private work carried out for defence solicitors involved in criminal cases
or for clients seeking to establish paternity cases.

Until now, police have only been able to prove that cannabis resin found on
two different people in different places came from the same source by
proving the two pieces were a "physical fit" or match from a larger block -
evidence which has not always been accepted in court.

However, Dr Linacre hopes that the specific nature of a DNA fingerprint
which would show up in all cannabis from the same source would offer a huge
breakthrough to police and customs officers.


The UK Cannabis Information Website


Thai Villagers Killed In Apparent Drugs Dispute (According to Reuters, police
in Bangkok said on Friday that a group of about 30 gunmen, believed to be
members of the United Wa State Army based in Myanmar, attacked Maesoon
village in Chiangmai province, taking an unknown number of hostages and
killing nine.)

Date: Fri, 2 Apr 1999 16:44:49 -0800
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Thailand: Wire: Thai Villagers Killed In Apparent Drugs Dispute
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: General Pulaski
Pubdate: Fri, 02 Apr 1999
Source: Reuters
Copyright: 1999 Reuters Limited.


BANGKOK, - Suspected guerrillas have raided a Thai
village near the Myanmar border, taking hostages and killing nine in
an apparent drug trafficking dispute, police said on Friday.

A group of about 30 gunmen, believed to be members of the United Wa
State Army, attacked Maesoon village in Chiangmai province, about 750
km (469 miles) north of Bangkok late on Thursday, they said.

They took an unknown number of Thais into the jungle, pursued by Thai
troops. When police went to the area on Friday, they found nine
villagers' bodies, all male. Some had apparently died from gunshots
and some had been beaten to death.

Police said they suspected a conflict over drug trafficking.

The Myanmar-based UWSA, which signed a ceasefire with the Yangon
military government five years ago, has been accused of taking over
the drug trafficking business in the Golden Triangle from the former
opium warlord, Khun Sa, after he surrendered to the military in 1996.

The Golden Triangle, at the intersection of Thailand, Laos and
Myanmar, is responsible for the majority of the world's heroin supply,
narcotics agencies say.

The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 85 (The Drug Reform Coordination
Network's original online drug policy newsmagazine includes - Portland,
Oregon police called to account for surveillance operation; Two new polls
show strong public support for drug policy reform; Courts place limits on
drug testing in workplace, schools; Hash Bash draws ire of state lawmakers;
California Democrats give nod to industrial hemp; Government reports: prison,
drug use trends; ACLU: Financial privacy update; and an editorial by Adam J.
Smith - Funding the unknown soldier)

Date: Fri, 02 Apr 1999 07:42:51 +0000
To: drc-natl@drcnet.org
From: DRCNet (drcnet@drcnet.org)
Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #85
Sender: owner-drc-natl@drcnet.org

The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #85 -- April 2, 1999
A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network


(To sign off this list, mailto:listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or
mailto:kfish@drcnet.org for assistance. To subscribe to
this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.)

This issue can be also be read on our web site at
http://www.drcnet.org/wol/085.html. Check out the DRCNN
weekly radio segment at http://www.drcnet.org/drcnn/.


1. Portland, Oregon Police Called to Account for
Surveillance Operation

2. Two New Polls Show Strong Public Support for Drug Policy

3. Courts Place Limits on Drug Testing in Workplace, Schools

4. Hash Bash Draws Ire of State Lawmakers

5. California Democrats Give Nod to Industrial Hemp

6. Government Reports: Prison, Drug Use Trends

7. ACLU: Financial Privacy Update

8. EDITORIAL: Funding The Unknown Soldier


1. Portland, Oregon Police Called to Account for
Surveillance Operation

A county circuit judge in Portland, Oregon, has ordered the
city police bureau's Marijuana Task Force to release details
of a secret "trap and trace" telephone surveillance
operation they have reportedly maintained on American
Agriculture, a local indoor gardening supply store, for at
least the past three years. The task force, apparently,
traced the numbers of every caller to the store, and used
that information to target private homes for searches for
evidence of marijuana cultivation.

Trap and trace procedures do not record conversations like a
wiretap, but only trace callers' phone numbers. Still,
their use by law enforcement is regulated and limited to
certain circumstances. In Oregon, police are required to
have a court order allowing them to collect the numbers from
the local phone company, and the trap and trace is supposed
to be used only for thirty to sixty days in order to monitor
a specific suspect.

But several months ago, a defendant in a marijuana
cultivation case became suspicious of what had led police to
his door. According to court documents, Jeffrey Hauser of
Bend, Oregon, called an officer on the Portland task force,
pretending to be a Bend policeman. In the conversation that
followed, the Portland officer revealed that since 1995, the
task force had made weekly downloads of the phone numbers of
all callers to American Agriculture. Using a reverse-lookup
service to find the callers' names and addresses, the task
force then ran the information through the local electric
company, profiling those customers who used too much -- or
even too little -- electricity.

Now, a group of defense attorneys and their clients are
questioning the legality of the task force's use of the trap
and trace, and hoping that the judge's order will shed more
light on the special unit's practices.

"It's our theory that the trap and trace is like pulling on
the string that unravels the whole sweater," defense
attorney Bob Theummel told The Week Online. "It's the
beginning of a process that results in a whole lot of
marijuana busts." Theummel said he suspects that the trap
and trace is behind the task force's great success with
knock-and-talk busts, wherein the police come to people's
doors without a warrant and attempt to talk their way
inside. Once the resident has consented to this, it becomes
nearly impossible to have any evidence the police find
suppressed in court. The four member task force boasts a
50% arrest rate in as many as 2,000 knock-and-talk
operations over the seven years since its inception.

But attorney Michelle Burrows, who is also representing a
client in the trap and trace case, said that at least one
member of the task force has resorted to strong-arm tactics
when he is denied entry to a home. She said, "Brian
[Schmautz] claims that whenever he has smelled marijuana at
someone's door, he has found it. In Oregon, it's not enough
to have high electricity bills to get in the door, but once
they have the smell, they can get a warrant. Well, when
people would say 'go away,' he would say 'okay, fine, here's
my business card' or would reach out to shake the person's
hand. And then -- he's said this in affidavits, in the
police reports -- he arrests the person's hand. And then we
found out that in several cases, they don't even arrest the
hand. They will actually pull the person out of the house
and then arrest them on the porch."

Burrows said that one motivating factor behind the task
force's behavior is probably the money it raises through
asset forfeiture. "That's one of the more insidious parts
of this," she said. "It's not only their methodologies,
which are very questionable, but that they're making a lot
of money for the Portland Police Bureau with these
questionable methodologies."

Defense attorney Philip A. Lewis agrees. He said that the
Portland task force represents "an independently funded,
independently operated war on marijuana. And the reason
they're going after marijuana is not because they're so down
on marijuana, but because it's easy to do, and there's money
in it. Rather than going after methamphetamine labs or
major cocaine dealers, they go after mom-and-pop marijuana
growers. Almost all the cases they make are relatively
small cases, but they make money on it because they can
legally force the owners to cough up a percentage of the
equity on their homes."

This week, Judge Michael Marcus told attorneys for the task
force and the city that they must produce documents
detailing the trap and trace by May 4, or else admit that
the procedure is illegal. If it is shown to be illegal, the
defense attorneys must then try to prove that their clients'
arrests stemmed directly from the operation.

Meanwhile, American Agriculture, the gardening store whose
callers were traced, has filed suit against the task force.
"First we have to file a preliminary injunction to make them
stop trapping and tracing," said Spencer Neal, one of the
attorneys representing the store. He said the task force
still has not technically admitted the existence of the trap
and trace, let alone confirmed whether the practice has
stopped. He said the outcome of the criminal case will not
affect American Agriculture's suit. "The criminal cases
simply alerted us to the fact that the police were violating
our clients' civil rights -- surprisingly enough."

Attorneys for the marijuana task force and the City of
Portland have stated they are confident that the trap and
trace operation will be proved legal. They were not
available for comment on this story.

(Jeffrey Hauser, who recorded the conversation with the
Portland officer that revealed the trap and trace, was
acquitted in his marijuana cultivation case but now faces
felony charges of impersonating an officer. The transcript
of his conversation is a public document, and was originally
published in Willamette Week. DRCNet has reproduced it on
the web at http://www.drcnet.org/transcript.html.)


2. Two New Polls Show Strong Public Support for Drug Policy
- Scott Ehlers, Senior Policy Analyst, Drug Policy
Foundation, ehlers@dpf.org, http://www.dpf.org

Whether it be medical marijuana or sentencing reform,
Americans are ready for drug policy reform, according to two
recent public opinion polls conducted by Gallup and the New
York Law Journal.

On March 26, the nationally recognized Gallup Organization
released the results of a poll that included two marijuana-
related questions. According to the telephone survey of
1,018 adults, 73 percent of respondents would "vote for
making marijuana legally available for doctors to prescribe
in order to reduce pain and suffering." The highest support
was among independent voters, at 79 percent, while 77
percent of 18-to-29 year-olds supported medical marijuana.

When asked, "Would you vote for or against the legalization
of marijuana?", 29 percent of respondents said they would
vote in favor. This is the highest level of general public
support for marijuana legalization since Gallup began asking
the question in 1969. Once again, the highest support came
from 18-to-29 year-olds and independents, with 44 percent of
younger voters and 37 percent of independents favoring

How much effect did the recent release of the Institute of
Medicine's medical marijuana report have on the results?
According to the Marijuana Policy Project's director of
government relations, Rob Kampia, "Not a lot." According to
Kampia, "Over the last few years, all the polls have shown a
high level of public support for medical marijuana, ranging
anywhere from 60 to 80 percent. The Gallup Poll reflects

As to why there seems to be a higher level of public support
for marijuana legalization, Kampia points to the successes
of marijuana decriminalization initiatives in Arizona and
Oregon as possible influencing factors. "Certain people are
not willing to admit they are in favor of controversial
issues like marijuana legalization unless they see that a
lot of other people support it. People like to be on the
winning team, whether it be football, basketball, or

On March 29, the New York Law Journal released the results
of its poll of 909 New York voters conducted by the
Quinnipiac College Polling Institute. The poll found that
more than two-thirds (69%) of respondents preferred for
judges to be allowed to decide on a case-by-case basis the
length of sentences for those convicted of selling drugs,
rather than having sentences set strictly by state law. The
poll also found, however, that 70 percent of respondents
believed that a prosecutor should have the right to appeal a
sentence for drug use or sales if he/she believes the
judge's sentence is too lenient.

The poll is significant because there have been extensive
outcries against the harsh Rockefeller drug laws in New York
state in recent months. Last month, Chief Judge Judith S.
Kaye proposed legislation to change the Rockefeller drug
laws by allowing appellate courts to reduce the 15-year
mandatory minimum sentence for the most serious drug
felonies. She also suggested that trial judges, with the
consent of the prosecutor, be allowed to defer prosecution
of low-level drug offenders for two years, and instead
divert them to drug treatment programs.

The New York Law Journal poll is online at


3. Courts Place Limits on Drug Testing in Workplace, Schools
- Scott Ehlers, Senior Policy Analyst, Drug Policy
Foundation, ehlers@dpf.org, http://www.dpf.org

Drug testing in the workplace and schools were given a
setback in recent weeks thanks to the Supreme Court and a US
District Court. Although neither case is precedent-setting,
both cases could potentially effect how schools and private
employers conduct their drug testing programs.

On March 22, the Supreme Court announced its denial to
review Anderson Community School Corp. v. Willis (98-1183),
in which it let stand a ruling by a three-judge panel in the
7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The Appeals Court found
the Anderson school district's policy of drug testing
suspended high school students to be a violation of the
students' privacy rights.

The case involved James Willis II, a freshman at Highland
High School, who was suspended in December 1997 for five
days for fighting. According to the school official who
immediately saw Willis, there was no indication that he had
been using alcohol or drugs.

The Anderson County policy required that all students
suspended for three or more days to take a urine test in
order to be reinstated. If the test detected alcohol or
drug metabolites, then the student's parents and a
designated school official would be notified, but no
additional punishment would be inflicted.

Willis refused to take the drug test and sued the school
district. A federal district court judge upheld the drug
testing policy, but the 7th Circuit Court reversed the
ruling, saying that drug testing must be restricted to
disciplinary cases where students were individually
suspected of using drugs or alcohol.

While the Supreme Court let the ruling stand, it has also
upheld drug testing of students who wish to participate in
extracurricular activities. In 1995, the Court ruled in
Vernonia School District v. Acton that randomly drug testing
student athletes did not violate their 4th Amendment
protection against unreasonable search and seizure. And
last October, the Court let stand a ruling which found that
the Rush County, Indiana school district did not violate
students' rights when they required all students
participating in any extracurricular activity -- from
athletics to the chess club -- to be subjected to random
drug testing.

In a very different case decided this week, Chief U.S.
District Judge Sylvia H. Rambo found the drug testing policy
of a Pennsylvania company to be a violation of the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA). The case, Rowles v. Automated
Production Systems, was brought by John Rowles, an epileptic
who takes an anticonvulsant, Dilantin, and Phenobarbital to
control his seizures. After Rowles found out that the
company's drug policy required him to disclose the use of
prescription drugs and could result in his firing for taking
Phenobarbital, a controlled substance, he refused to take
the drug test. He was subsequently fired.

In Judge Rambo's decision, she noted that precedent had
established that "at some point, an individual's privacy
interests trump an employer's efficiency concerns," that
APS's drug testing program was "highly offensive," and that
private medical facts would be revealed by the drug testing
process. She granted Rowles partial summary judgement under
the ADA because APS had a policy of prohibiting the use of
certain prescription drugs, even if their use had no effect
on job performance.

Lewis Maltby, director of the ACLU's Workplace Rights
Office, echoed Judge Rambo's reasoning and applauded her
decision for protecting disabled workers: "What this
company's drug testing policy did, in effect, was prohibit
persons with certain disabilities from working for the
company. It clearly violates the ADA."

Maltby went on to tell the Week Online, "Clearly this is an
issue that the drug warriors did not think about. It
exposes the inherent contradiction in drug testing by trying
to distinguish between 'drugs' and 'medicines,' and the lack
of distinction inevitably causes problems with the ADA. The
only way to screen for people who don't use illegal drugs is
to require them to disclose what prescription drugs they are
using, which in turn is a potential ADA violation."


4. Hash Bash Draws Ire of State Lawmakers
- Marc Brandl, brandl@drcnet.org

This weekend, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor will
host one of the country's longest-running annual marijuana
rallies. The event originated as a celebration when local
residents voted to reduce the penalty for possession of
small amounts of marijuana to a $5 fine, making Ann Arbor
home to one of the most liberal marijuana laws in the United
States. The 28th Annual Hash Bash will feature speakers
like Tommy Chong and The Emperor Wears No Clothes author
Jack Herer, and is expected to draw as many as 20,000
people, depending on the weather. But a bill that recently
passed the Michigan Senate threatens to put permanent rain
clouds over the rally. S.B. 380 would nullify local
ordinances like Ann Arbor's, forcing cities to impose drug
penalties as harsh or harsher than those enforced at the
state level.

State Senator Beverly Hammerstrom (R-Temperance), who
sponsored the bill, made it clear that S.B. 380 is aimed
directly at Ann Arbor's law and the Hash Bash in particular.
At a press conference last week, she produced several
teenagers who told reporters that they had tried marijuana
for the first time at past Hash Bash rallies. Hammerstrom
later told the Detroit News, "When a local unit of
government penalizes an individual with a $25 dollar fine,
it is in essence making the statement that this is not an
important issue. It is time we send a clear message to our
youth that we are serious about the war on drugs and that
this is an important issue across the state."

But Adam Brook, a former organizer of the Hash Bash, said he
believes that the bill, if passed, will have no effect on
the Hash Bash or Ann Arbor's liberal marijuana law. "First
of all, campus police have been deputized to enforce the
state law, not the Ann Arbor law," he said. "Second, the
bill will have no teeth because the law is part of the
city's charter and cannot be changed except by a vote of
local residents. The lawmakers know this," he said. In
1990, citizens of Ann Arbor voted to keep the law, but
raised the fine from $5 to $25.

Linda Wagenheim of the Michigan ACLU says the group will
lobby against the bill when it is considered in the Michigan
House. "We oppose the bill because it targets Ann Arbors'
law, which is a result of a vote of the people," she said.
"Law enforcement's finite resources should be spent on
better things." But Wagenheim concedes that it will be hard
to stop the bill. "It's probably on its way [to passage].
We have a Republican majority in the House and Senate and a
Republican governor." A similar law almost passed in the
last legislative session, but was dropped because it was not
germane to the appropriations bill to which it was attached.

(Editor: The Hammerstrom bill is likely to add fuel to a
debate within the reform movement over the issue of
marijuana rallies. While some reformers believe the
rallies play an important role in bringing advocates
together and demonstrating both the large number and
peaceful nature of marijuana users, others believe the
rallies provide opportunities for the media to put out
images that impact negatively on drug policy reform efforts,
such as pictures of teenagers smoking marijuana, as well as
rhetorical ammunition for politicians like Hammerstrom, who
wish to make drug laws harsher.)


5. California Democrats Give Nod to Industrial Hemp
- Marc Brandl, brandl@drcnet.org

Industrial hemp advocates in California were elated to learn
that the state's Democratic Party (CDP) endorsed a
resolution supporting the legalization of the crop at their
annual convention in Sacramento this week. The resolution
states, in part, "The CDP endorses the legalization of the
domestic production of Industrial Hemp, and strongly
recommends to the State Legislature that laws be adopted to
allow Industrial Hemp to be cultivated and harvested."

"This vote of confidence is a stunning victory for the
industrial hemp movement," proclaimed Mari Kane, editor and
founder of the California-based HempWorld Journal. Kane and
several other hemp advocates had booths at the CDP's
convention, which hosted more than two thousand delegates.

The resolution was put forth by Sam Clauder, a member of the
central committee of the Orange County Democratic Party and
executive director of the pro-hemp advocacy group,
Californians for Agricultural and Industrial Renewal,
(CAIR). "Democrats have a solid majority in both chambers
of the California legislature and control most statewide
elected offices," Clauder told The Week Online. "The
democrats are really the machine of state politics, and this
is an important prelude to getting an industrial hemp bill
introduced and passed this year. Without the machine behind
it, it would be harder to accomplish." Clauder, who is a
political consultant, said he learned of hemp's value while
working for environmental causes.

A political action committee has been formed, and Clauder
says he hopes to raise at least $20,000 to lobby for hemp.
Plans have also been drawn up to make hemp an issue at the
2000 Democratic National Convention, which will be held in
Los Angeles. "At that time," Clauder said, "we intend to
place a plank in the national platform of the Democrat
Party, to establish the legalization of industrial hemp as a
political issue of major importance to the nation's economy
and the planet's ecology."


6. Government Reports: Prison, Drug Use Trends

A report released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, a
division of the US Dept. of Justice, found that at midyear
1998, 1 in every 150 US residents was incarcerated, with an
estimated 1,802,496 men and women held in the country's
prisons and jails. "Prison and Jail Inmates Midyear 1998,"
NCJ (173414). Copies of this and other BJS reports can be
obtained from the What's New page of the BJS web site at
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/whtsnw2.htm, or by calling
BJS at (800) 732-3277.

The Office of National Drug Control Policy has released its
"Pulse Check: National Trends in Drug Abuse, Winter 1998"
report. The report offers demographic information on local
drug use patterns throughout the country. This release
includes findings of widespread marijuana use,
methamphetamine problems in Hawaii, and a move toward
snorting heroin rather than injecting it in the Northeast
and Mid-Atlantic South, as well as a section on "club
drugs." The report can be obtained online at
or by calling (800) 666-3332.

These and many other government reports can also be ordered
by writing to the National Criminal Justice Reference
Service, e-mail to puborder@ncjrs.org, or by mail to P.O.
Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000.

Periodic bulletins from NCJRS can be obtained on the web at
http://www.ncjrs.org/justinfo/, or by e-mail through the
justinfo mailing list -- to subscribe, send e-mail to
listproc@ncjrs.org with the line "subscribe justinfo your
name" in the body of the message.


7. ACLU: Financial Privacy Update

The following bulletin has been forwarded from the American
Civil Liberties Union Action Network list. To subscribe,
send e-mail to subscribe-action@lists.aclu.org. For further
background, see http://www.drcnet.org/wol/082.html#kyc and
http://www.drcnet.org/wol/076.html#kyc in our archives.

TO: ACLU Action Network
FROM: Penny Crawley, ACLU Cyber Organizer
DATE: April 1, 1999

Momentum around a financial privacy bill is building after
more than 250,000 Americans took a stand against the so-
called "Know Your Customer" banking regulations.

The proposed "Know Your Customer" regulations would have
required banks to profile their customers, monitor their
financial transactions, and report certain unusual
transactions as "suspicious" to the super-secret Financial
Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) at the Treasury
Department. These proposed regulations were withdrawn by
the FDIC earlier this week.

Even though the proposed "Spy on Your Customer" regulations
were withdrawn, banks will continue to spy on their
customers. That's because regulations under the Bank
Secrecy act require banks to report their customers as
suspects" to a super-secret agency in the Treasury
Department. Bankers are supposed to file a "Suspicious
Activities Report" whenever the banker has "reason to
suspect" that a large transaction is unusual for the
customer and the "bank knows of no reasonable explanation
for the transaction."

There may be a fix, however. Representative Ron Paul (R-TX)
has introduced HR 518, which would repeal the statute used
to justify bank spying. HR 518 would also prevent bank
regulators from enacting "Know Your Customer" regulations in
the future.

Fight for your financial privacy! Send a FREE FAX to your
Representative urging him or her to support HR 518 from the
ACLU web site at:


For extra credit, you can also turn the tables by getting to
"Know Your Banker!" Check out the "Know Your Banker"
feature on the ACLU web site at:



8. EDITORIAL: Funding The Unknown Soldier

Adam J. Smith, Associate Director, ajsmith@drcnet.org

As war rages in Europe this week, scattered reports have
popped up claiming that the KLA, the armed forces of the
Kosovarians, have been linked to major European drug
trafficking. The KLA, of course, is on NATO's side, and so
we shouldn't expect to hear President Clinton or Barry
McCaffrey publicly crowing about the matter, as they have
done for several years when the subject of the Colombian
rebels has come up.

The issue, however, is not whether the groups raising money
off the drug trade are "good guys" or "bad guys," but rather
that the drug trade is funding political and quasi-political
groups all over the world. Some of those groups, like the
KLA, are aligned with official US interests, but many others
are not. In fact, for terrorist groups, fringe movements
and dictator wannabes, the drug trade, courtesy of
prohibition, is the fastest and easiest way to raise money
for arms and other instruments of mayhem.

This fact has not been lost on American agencies either.
The CIA, for instance, knows well the convenience of the
drugs for weapons matrix from its involvement with the
Contras, and perhaps even before that. Easy cash, lots and
lots of it, is temptation in the extreme, making it
difficult for even well-funded spooks and arms of state to
resist dipping their fingers into the contraband pie.
Imagine then the choice faced by any wacko with a "cause."
It's a no-brainer, really. Drugs have become the currency
of choice in a world where the prospect of a nuclear bomb in
a suitcase or anthrax in a subway station is no longer the
stuff of late night science fiction.

What to do? Well, we can go on pretending that we're
addressing the problem, running lengthy and elaborate
undercover operations designed to pick off these operations
one by one, but of course, we'd only be fooling ourselves.
The UN reports that narcotics now account for 8% of all
global trade. And while America's prisons are filled with
two-bit dealers and strung-out addicts, the real money is
being made by people and groups who stand little risk of
ever being called to account for something as trifling as
drug trafficking. Prohibition has turned poppies and coca
into money trees, and anyone with the wherewithal to move
cargo from point A to point B under the protection of arms
or payoffs can make a killing. Literally.

So on we go. This week's shocking -- if unconfirmed --
revelation is that the KLA has (gasp) funded itself to one
extent or another via the drug trade. Well, given the scope
and the nature of that business, they'd have been stupid to
have turned down the opportunity. When you are involved in
or planning armed struggle, or to blow up a passenger jet or
to poison innocent commuters, are you likely to find the
immorality of supplying a much-in-demand product too high a
price for your soul to bear? Not likely. Today we can be
thankful that the newly exposed KLA-drug connection was not
perpetrated for the purpose of buying a nuclear device from
a renegade Russian general, or rocket launchers to take down
a planeload of tourists. These drug dealers are on "our"
side. But make no mistake, our precious drug war is lining
the pockets and building the arsenals of plenty of groups
whose sworn enemies are not named Slobodan Milosevic. We do
have the power to de-fund them. All at once.


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DrugSense Weekly, No. 92 (The original summary of drug policy news from
DrugSense opens with the weekly Feature Article - Marijuana and Medicine -
Assessing the Science Base - Report of the Institute of Medicine, by Tod H.
Mikuriya, M.D. The Weekly News in Review features several articles about Drug
War Policy, including - It's a 1980s policy on 1990s drug crime; Slow the
drug-test frenzy; Heroin use is unabated, report says; Heroin use booming in
Spokane; Condemning dissident authors to death; and, Net becomes battleground
in drug war. Articles about Law Enforcement & Prisons include - Taking a hard
look at state's jammed jails; More than 1m nonviolent prisoners; High court
asked to hear challenge to prosecution deals; and, You're under arrest, and
on tv. Cannabis articles include - The grass roots of teen drug abuse; Bill
toughens marijuana laws; Calaveras man convicted of cultivating marijuana;
Lockyer: U.S. will end push for nuke dump at desert site; and, Why is
marijuana for the suffering still illegal? International News includes - U.N.
to create own satellite program to find illegal drug; Scotland: National unit
to wage war on drugs; UK: 10-year-olds being offered drugs; and, German
health minister supports medical marihuana. The weekly Hot Off The 'Net
points you to the Institute of Medicine report on medical marijuana, now
online and fully scanned; the DrugNews archive of more than 20,000
searchable news articles; and the Conservatives for Reform web site. The Tip
of the Week notes four recent letters to the editor of the Wall Street
Journal are worth $18,000 to the reform movement, and shows you how you can
help. The Quote of the Week cites a 19th-century article in Scientific
American by Dr. W.H. Stokes.)

From: webmaster@drugsense.org (DrugSense)
To: newsletter@drugsense.org
Subject: DrugSense Weekly, April 2,1999, #92
Date: Fri, 02 Apr 1999 08:29:29 -0800
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/
Lines: 882
Sender: owner-newsletter@drugsense.org




DrugSense Weekly, April 2,1999 #92

A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org

This Publication May Be Read On-line at:


Please consider writing a letter to the editor using the email
addresses on any of the articles below. Send a copy of your LTE to



* Feature Article

Marijuana and Medicine -Assessing the Science Base
Report of the Institute of Medicine
by Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D.

* Weekly News in Review

Drug War Policy-

(1) It's a 1980s Policy on 1990s Drug Crime
(2) Slow The Drug-Test Frenzy
(3) Heroin Use is Unabated, Report Says
(4) Heroin Use Booming in Spokane
(5) Condemning Dissident Authors to Death
(6) Net Becomes Battleground in Drug War

Law Enforcement & Prisons-

(7) Taking a Hard Look at State'S Jammed Jails
(8) More Than 1M Nonviolent Prisoners
(9) High Court Asked to Hear Challenge to Prosecution Deals
(10) You're Under Arrest, and on TV


(11) The Grass Roots of Teen Drug Abuse
(12) Bill Toughens Marijuana Laws
(13) Calaveras Man Convicted Of Cultivating Marijuana
(14) Lockyer: U.S. Will End Push for Nuke Dump at Desert Site
(15) Why Is Marijuana For The Suffering Still Illegal?

International News-

(16) U.N. to Create Own Satellite Program to Find Illegal Drug
(17) Scotland: National Unit to Wage War on Drugs
(18) UK: 10-Year-Olds Being Offered Drugs
(19) German Health Minister Supports Medical Marihuana

* Hot Off The 'Net

Institute of Medicine (IOM) Report on MMJ now On-line (Fully Scanned)
DrugNews Archive Tops 20,000 Searchable News Articles
Conservatives for Reform Web Site

* Tip of the Week

Four Letters to the Editor in the Wall Street Journal = $18,000 for

* Quote of the Week

Dr. W.H. Stokes



Marijuana and Medicine
Assessing the Science Base
Report of the Institute of Medicine

An Exercise in Operational Definition Abuse-
A Compromised Report

Tod H. Mikuriya, M.D.

With selective and politically motivated denial by institutional
operational definition, arbitrarily fragmented universes are explored,
sampled, and publish to fit. The exclusion of social and political
science as part of the study design is a fatal flaw. The narrow
definition of the "science base" that has been degraded and
contaminated from over sixty years of deprivation from clinical
experience by academic science and medicine is painfully evident.

The information managed by the IOM conspicuously chooses to exclude or
minimize therapeutic efficacy for a variety of chronic illnesses. Lack
of actual clinical information from the researchers who conveniently
"distanced" and discounted the numerous subjective accounts from
patients. The chronic skepticism rationalized as objectivity yet
politically driven, is grotesque and unethical.

Unwillingness to believe or trust numerous cannabis users and exclude
their experiences from consideration is, perhaps, the worst aspect of
the report. Left out was the reason for using cannabis, in the first
place; it works; and with minimal toxicity for chronic conditions.
Failure to look at the comparative freedom from adverse effects
compared with "conventional" medicines is to perpetuate these problems.
The conscious decision to avoid discussing the stressors and harm from
inappropriate use of the criminal justice system and widespread medical
ignorance is negligence.

The recommendation of short term treatment of six months fails to
address the lion's share of patients who suffer from serious chronic

Another error of omission is the use of cannabis as a treatment for
problems of mood disorders, alcoholism, and other chemical dependence.
Substituting cannabis as a harm reducer has been known since 1843 and
widely cited in medical and pharmaceutical literature until removal
from prescriptive availability in 1938.

This exercise in bureaucratic consensual unreality does little to
increase trust in science or medicine. Of greatest irony was the
initial motivation for the whole medical marijuana movement: the
breakdown of the health care delivery systems and research in 1991 when
the FDA closed down the compassionate IND program by Undersecretary of
Health, James O. Mason, M.D. Sustained by Phillip Lee, M.D. This cruel
and unethical act caused a populist revolt.

Starting with Dennis Peron in the San Francisco gay community with
other AIDS activists starting cannabis buyers clubs on a "speak easy"
model. Medical marijuana users found shelter from predation on the
streets. Fellowship with other patients provided respite and a safe
haven for victims of chronic illness. The California cannabis centers
proliferated. As alternative health centers, voluntary organizations
came together reminiscent of communes in the 60's.

The rebellion against the breakdown of health care delivery including
corruption through prohibitionist motivation, spread statewide. In
November 6, 1996 the California Compassionate Use Act passed despite
federal opposition from the White House, and the California Attorney
General's office. The inappropriate and harmful health policy blurred
by ignorance and misuse of the criminal justice system was another
category excluded. Why is a retired general and the Attorney General in
charge of health policy?

The unfortunate narrow and molecular definitions of efficacy exclude
these psycho social data from consideration and seriously attenuate the
report's utility.

The refusal to include proactive efforts to decrease harm through the
use of vaporization techniques is harmful in itself through
perpetuation of institutional territoriality. While description and
testimony about these existing devices was shared, withholding of this
information raises ethical issues.

Neither human physiology nor cannabis has changed since 1937 - only the
clinical knowledge.

The mental effects of cannabis were inaccurately portrayed in that the
effects are those experienced by recent and not chronic users.





Domestic News- Policy

COMMENT: (1-6)

There was no major drug policy news last week (be thankful the IOM
report was released between Monica and Kosovo); there were, however
continuing indications that the drug war is increasingly portrayed in
the media as wrong-headed, a failure, and unjust.

As if to fill the news void, ONDCP announced a new Internet program.
It remains to be seen if the net, with its aversion to propaganda, can
ever become an effective instrument for a policy which relies so
heavily on disinformation.



TO HEAR Gen. Barry McCaffrey talk, you'd think he was leading his
troops in the right direction. The nation's drug czar was in New York
City this week, pushing a new set of drug statistics and describing his
strategy for attacking the nation's drug problem. "You hook drug
treatment to the criminal justice system. This is not a war on drugs.
It's a cancer," said McCaffrey, who's made a big deal out of pushing
treatment, prevention and research about the effect of drugs.

But, while the Clinton administration claims to have a new approach to
the drug problem, it's waging the same war on drugs that George Bush
started a decade ago.


Pubdate: Thu, 25 Mar 1999
Source: Newsday (NY)
Copyright: 1999, Newsday Inc.
Page: A56
Contact: letters@newsday.com
Fax: (516)843-2986
Website: http://www.newsday.com/
Author: Sheryl McCarthy
Related: Marijuana Policy Project, http://www.mpp.org/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n353.a01.html



THE FOURTH AMENDMENT is designed to protect Americans against
unreasonable searches.

Such as random drug testing.

In recent years, that constitutional protection has been chipped away
in the name of the ``war on drugs.'' Opponents of various drug testing
schemes were castigated as having something to hide, or possessing too
little regard for public safety.

Fortunately, that trend appears to be slowing.


Pubdate: 24 Mar 1999
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Copyright: 1999 San Francisco Chronicle
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Forum: http://www.sfgate.com/conferences/
Page: A12
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n341.a09.html



NEW YORK -- Heroin use in New York City remains high, with more young
people trying heroin and more users now snorting the drug than
injecting it, often under the misconception that snorting will not lead
to addiction, according to a new report on drug trends released Tuesday.


Pubdate: Wed, 24 Mar 1999
Source: New York Times (NY)
Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n339.a10.html



The number of Spokane County residents admitted for heroin treatment
nearly quintupled between 1992 and 1998, jumping from 78 to 367,
according to a state Department of Social and Health Services report
released last week.

Spokane County is the state's per capita leader in treating heroin
addicts. Rates exceed those in Seattle during the mid-1990s' heroin

Spokane's county-run methadone clinic, the only one in Eastern
Washington, is so packed that, for the first time, it's having to turn
people away.


Pubdate: Mon, 29 Mar 1999
Source: Seattle Times (WA)
Copyright: 1999 The Seattle Times Company
Contact: opinion@seatimes.com
Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/
Author: AP
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n357.a08.html



A well-meaning soul recently asked me, "Vin, why do you have to focus
on the loss a few minor rights? This is still the freest nation on
earth. Look at your own writings. In what other country would you be
allowed to write these things with no fear of repercussions?"

I imagine Peter McWilliams may have briefly shared that thought in 1993
when Prelude Press brought out his 800-page opus, "Ain't Nobody's
Business If You Do: The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in a Free
Society." Ditto Steve Kubby when Loompanics of Port Townsend,
Washington published his "The Politics of Consciousness" in 1995.


Last week, the court ruled that if McWilliams dies before his trial due
to the fact he is forbidden marijuana in the meantime, that's just too


Pubdate: Sun, 28 Mar 1999
Source: Las Vegas Review-Journal (NV)
Copyright: Las Vegas Review-Journal, 1999
Contact: letters@lvrj.com
Address: P.O. Box 70, Las Vegas, NV 89125
Fax: (702)383-4676
Website: http://www.lvrj.com/
Forum: http://www.lvrj.com/lvrj_home/feedback/
Author: Vin Suprynowicz Vin_Suprynowicz@lvrj.com
Note: Vin Suprynowicz is the assistant editorial page editor of
the Review-Journal.
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n351.a07.html



New Sites Rebut Pro-Pot Messages

Children searching the Internet for information about drugs will find
about 1 million "hits," many of which tell them how to buy, sell and
grow marijuana.

Yahoo and Altavista search engines feature Web sites ranging from how
to smoke banana peels to passing a drug test with drugs in your system
to properly tending a marijuana garden.

But the White House and members of Congress hope to combat this message
and drug use among youth with the introduction of two innovative Web
sites where parents and children can find information on fighting drugs.


Pubdate: Mon, 29 Mar 1999
Source: Washington Times (DC)
Copyright: 1999 News World Communications, Inc.
Contact: letter@twtmail.com
Website: http://www.washtimes.com/
Related: ABC/Disney's http://www.Freevibe.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n357.a09.html


Law Enforcement & Prisons

COMMENT: (7-10)

Media interest in our bloated prison population continued, with
several critical opinion pieces appearing - interestingly, the most
important drug war desertion over this issue to date was only
mentioned in passing towards the end of a wires service story: Charles
Rangel is now soft on crack.

Meanwhile, the major prosecution tool for keeping prisons full faces a
challenge: the question of whether testimony purchased by a promise of
immunity or leniency is tantamount to a bribe will be presented to the
Supreme Court, as will the issue of whether "ride along" TV cameras
violate an ordinary citizen's basic right to privacy.

Finally - the hue and cry over the unexplained slaying of an innocent
and unarmed black man by four elite NYC plainclothes cops has
generated four indictments for murder; an amazing development which
would have once been unthinkable.



One might have imagined that with a Democratic majority in both houses
and a Democratic governor, and with prisons filled to the bursting
point with some people who have little or no business being there, that
the state Legislature would be full of bills seeking to reform the
prison and criminal justice system in a relatively liberal direction.
Instead it's a mixed bag - and some of the legislation that in the past
might have been viewed as "liberal" is being carried by conservative

For example, Republican Assemblyman Scott Baugh of Huntington Beach has
introduced a bill (AB 1247) to carry out a cost-benefit study of
California's "three strikes" law that is similar to bill (SB 873)
introduced by liberal Democratic state Sen. John Vasconcellos of San


Pubdate: March 29 1999
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Copyright: 1999 The Orange County Register
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n354.a09.html



WASHINGTON -- Get-tough crime-fighting policies such as mandatory
minimum sentences and ``three strikes, you're out'' laws helped drive
the number of nonviolent inmates in American jails and prisons above 1
million last year, a group that opposes minimum sentences says.


Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y., cited the study as he pushed for
legislation eliminating mandatory five-year penalties for crack
cocaine crimes and an end to the sentencing disparity between offenses
for crack and powder cocaine.


Pubdate: Thu, 25 Mar 1999
Source: Associated Press
Copyright: 1999 Associated Press
Author: ANNE GEARAN, Associated Press Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n348.a03.html



U.S. Law Barring Rewards For Testimony Applies To Government, Says Inmate

WASHINGTON -- A Kansas woman, whose routine drug case has deeply shaken
the Justice Department and federal prosecutors across the nation, is
taking her legal cause to the Supreme Court.

In appeal papers that will reach the court by mail this week, Sonya
Evette Singleton of Wichita is asking the justices to rule that federal
prosecutors may not offer an individual involved in a crime lenient
treatment in exchange for testifying against a defendant -- a practice
followed by generations of prosecutors.


Pubdate: Wed, 24 Mar 1999
Source: Baltimore Sun (MD)
Copyright: 1999 by The Baltimore Sun, a Times Mirror Newspaper.
Contact: letters@baltsun.com
Website: http://www.sunspot.net/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n343.a04.html



JERKY camera movements, shouts, cops rushing through a darkened
doorway, guns drawn. It all makes great television. "Reality-based"
programming has mushroomed in America and it is easy to see why. Almost
everyone comes out a winner. The police look like heroes. Journalists
get a great story. TV firms get an endless stream of cheap programmes.
And audiences love such in-your-face entertainment. Perhaps the only
loser is the person being searched or arrested in the full glare of
publicity. What if the target turns out to be innocent?

On March 24th the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in two cases which
ask whether media "ride-alongs" with policemen executing search or
arrest warrants is a breach of the Fourth Amendment's prohibition of
"unreasonable searches and seizures."


Pubdate: 27 March 1999
Source: Economist, The (UK)
Copyright: 1999. The Economist Newspaper Limited.
Contact: letters@economist.com
Website: http://www.economist.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n344.a08.html


Medical Marijuana

COMMENT: (11-15)

Joe Califano has been making a career of the "gateway" theory; his
entirely predictable howls over the IOM report were (predictably)
aired in the Wall Street Journal. His distress reflected the severe
damage done by the report to his meal ticket.

With a timing that emphasizes the yawning gulf between politicians and
public, Iowa's legislature upped the ante for simple possession;
similar intensity was reflected by the felony conviction of a
patient/grower of medical cannabis in rural California.

Bill Lockyer's trip to Washington, sustained two rebuffs; only one of
which mattered to the headline writer, who didn't mention McCzar's
threat to arrest the AG for daring help implement Prop 215.

An obvious rhetorical question was asked by an excellent op-ed; why
indeed, is it so important to deny patients easily obtainable relief
of severe symptoms?



"FEDS GO TO POT" screamed the New York Post headline last week, after
the Institute of Medicine released its report "Marijuana and Medicine:
Assessing the Science Base." The Associated Press reported that the IOM
had found "there was no conclusive evidence that marijuana use leads to
harder drugs."

A look at the actual report shows that these press accounts are
misleading. Consider these words from the report: "Not surprisingly,
most users of other illicit drugs have used marijuana first."


Pubdate: Fri, 26 Mar 1999
Source: Wall Street Journal (NY)
Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.
Contact: letter.editor@edit.wsj.com
Website: http://www.wsj.com/
Related: IOM Report: http://www.drugsense.org/iom_report/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n347.a07.html



With no discussion and little dissent, the Iowa House on Thursday
approved a significant change in the state's marijuana laws.

Under current law, giving another person an ounce or less of marijuana
is a misdemeanor. The proposed law would make anything more than a
half-ounce a felony.


Pubdate: Fri, 26 Mar 1999
Source: Des Moines Register (IA)
Copyright: 1999, The Des Moines Register.
Contact: letters@news.dmreg.com
Website: http://www.dmregister.com/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n350.a04.html



SAN ANDREAS -- A Calaveras County man who claimed he grew marijuana
for medicinal purposes was convicted Thursday of cultivating pot, but
jurors deadlocked on a charge of possession of marijuana for sale.

Authorities arrested Robert Galambos in July 1997, after finding 382
young marijuana plants and about 6 pounds of bagged marijuana at his
home in Paloma, western Calaveras County.

Galambos claimed his marijuana cultivation was for medical reasons --
to treat lingering pain from a car accident a decade ago that fractured
his skull, as well as to supply an Oakland cannabis club under the
auspices of Proposition 215, the Compassionate Use Initiative.


Pubdate: Fri, 26 Mar 1999
Source: Modesto Bee, The (CA)
Copyright: 1999 The Modesto Bee.
Feedback: http://www.modbee.com/man/help/contact.html
Website: http://www.modbee.com/
Author: Jim Miller and Ron DeLacy Bee staff writers
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n350.a12.html



Decision on Ward Valley plan no surprise


Lockyer also met in Washington with U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno
and White House drug czar Barry R. McCaffrey, to discuss California's
Proposition 215, which legalized marijuana for medical uses.

"Both were very clear that medical marijuana use violates federal law,"
Lockyer said, and McCaffrey added that a massive research effort is
needed to determine if marijuana has any medical value.

Lockyer said he told McCaffrey that state law authorizes him to conduct
certain marijuana-related research. But McCaffrey told Lockyer he'd be
violating federal law and risking arrest if he did so.


Pubdate: 27 Mar 1999
Source: Sacramento Bee (CA)
Copyright: 1999 The Sacramento Bee
Contact: opinion@sacbee.com
Address: P.O.Box 15779, Sacramento, CA 95852
Feedback: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html
Website: http://www.sacbee.com/
Forum: http://www.sacbee.com/voices/voices_forum.html
Author: Stephen Green, Bee Capitol Bureau
Note: The meat is in the last four paragraphs
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n351.a12.html



WE ARE A GREAT NATION, dedicated to freedom, roaming the planet to
bring justice to the oppressed, comfort to the suffering, democracy to
all. And yet, we remain unspeakably cruel to our fellow citizens.

No other word exists to describe the federal government's steadfast
refusal to allow the medical use of marijuana. It is cruel _ heartless,
sadistic, mean-spirited.


Pubdate: Thu, 25 Mar 1999
Source: Bergen Record (NJ)
Copyright: 1999 Bergen Record Corp.
Feedback: http://www.bergen.com/cgi-bin/feedback
Website: http://www.bergen.com/
Author: Mike Celzic
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n346.a07.html


International News

COMMENT: (16-19)

It seems that Pino Arlaachi shares McCaffrey's infatuation with the
idea that a high-tech "killer ap" will emerge to rehabilitate
interdiction as a viable strategy.

Meanwhile, the tendency toward "tough on drugs" continued in the UK,
with little discernible benefit. If they repeat the American
experience, quadrupling the number of drug crimes will quadruple the
number of inmates without diminishing drug sales.

To end on a pleasant note, the German drug czarina doesn't smile on
recreational pot, but approves of therapeutic Cannabis. Schrechlich!



The United Nations program charged with reducing illicit drugs is
creating its own satellite monitoring system to identify the
cultivation of narcotics in the major source countries.

The U.N. International Drug Control Program received the go-ahead last
week at the annual meeting in Vienna of the world body's Commission on
Narcotic Drugs, getting unanimous approval from the 53 member
countries, including the United States.


Pubdate: Sun, 28 Mar 1999
Source: New York Times (NY)
Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Forum: http://forums.nytimes.com/comment/
Author: Christopher S. Wren
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n353.a09.html



A SCOTTISH drug enforcement agency will be in place by the end of the
year to "wage war" on the relentless rise in drugs crime, Henry
McLeish, the Scottish home affairs minister, announced yesterday.

The Government promised to invest A36 million in training and
equipping 200 extra detectives to catch drug dealers and importers,
doubling the specialist police manpower to combat drugs at a national

Crime figures reveal that drugs offences have more than quadrupled in
the past decade, from 7,000 to 31,500.


Pubdate: Fri, Mar 26, 1999
Source: Scotsman (UK)
Copyright: The Scotsman Publications Ltd
Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com
Website: http://www.scotsman.com/
Forum: http://www.scotsman.com/
Author: Jenny Booth, Home Affairs Correspondent
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n347.a05.html



SCHOOL CHILDREN as young as 10-years-old are being offered drugs in
Northern Ireland.

A recent survey by the Health Promotion Agency found that almost a
quarter of 10 to 16-year-olds have been offered drugs.


Pubdate: 23 March 1999
Source: Belfast Telegraph (UK)
Copyright: 1999 Belfast Telegraph Newspapers Ltd.
Contact: editor@belfasttelegraph.co.uk
Website: http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n339.a07.html



(From The 'Stuttgarter Zeitung')

BONN Germany's drug czar, Christa Nickels (Greens), considers it
sensible to use Cannabis products such as marihuana and hashish for
therapeutic purposes in medicine.

Speaking exclusively of marihuana as a natural herb, she said it had
shown itself to be "a potentially successful therapy in the treatment
of AIDS, MS and cancer sufferers" and is "more cost effective than
synthetic substitutes".

"Marihuana as a freely accessible drug is a different question," she said.


Source: Survey of German Language Press
Pubdate: Tue, 23 Mar 1999
Courtesy: Harald Lerch (HaL@main-rheiner.de)
Translator: Pat Dolan (pdolan@intergate.bc.ca)
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n351.a01.html



Institute of Medicine (IOM) Report on MMJ now On-line (Fully Scanned)



DrugNews Archive Tops 20,000 Searchable News Articles

The DrugSense DrugNews Archive broke the 20,000 article threshold this
week. Imagine a few years ago the only news we had on drug policy is
what we read in our local papers. Now we have a worldwide searchable
archive (20,076 articles currently) and we are responding to a good
percentage of them as they are published with our letter writing


Conservatives for Reform Web Site

Some may this new web site. They are starting a media campaign against
the drug war from a conservative libertarian perspective.



Tip of the Week

Four Letters to the Editor in the Wall Street Journal = $18,000 for Reform
YOU can do it too!

On Tuesday March 23 MAP sent out a Focus Alert responding to an article
by Joe Califano in the Wall Street Journal on the IOM report. Scores of
MAP letter writers went into action. Predictably On Wed March 31 four
of these LTEs were published.

The Wall Street Journal has a circulation of 2 MILLION influential
readers and this group of LTEs had an ad value of over $18,000. YOU can
help increase our influence and reach. To learn how to write powerful
letters that get ink please see:

http://www.mapinc.org/style.htm and http://www.mapinc.org/3tips.htm

If you are not signed up to participate in MAP Focus Alerts and would
like to be see http://www.drugsense.org/hurry.htm

Please encourage others to get involved as well. Letter writing
(especially organized efforts) may be the most effective activity one
can engage in on a regular and inexpensive basis to bring about needed



"Another fertile source of this species of derangement [moral insanity]
appears to be an undue indulgence in the perusal of the numerous works of
fiction, with which the press is so prolific of late years, and which are
sown widely over the land, with the effect of vitiating the taste and
corrupting the morals of the young. Parents cannot too cautiously guard
their young daughters against this pernicious practice."

-- Dr. W.H. Stokes, of the Mount Hope Institute on the Insane, Scientific
American, April 1849.


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our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can
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