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April 4, 1996

Colorado Senate Gives Green Light To Domestic Hemp Cultivation

Green light
March 30, 1996, Denver CO: Legislation (SB 67) that would allow Colorado to become the first state to legalize the growing of industrial hemp was approved by the full Senate by a 18-15 vote.

The move surprised many who felt that the controversial legislation would likely fall three or five votes shy of a majority. "I feel like I've been through a wringer, but I'm very happy," said the bill's sponsor, Sen. Lloyd Casey (D-Northglenn), in an interview with the Rocky Mountain News. A similar bill was introduced by Casey in 1995, but only received one vote of support in its first committee.

The Colorado Industrial Hemp Production Act permits the planting of no more than 40 acres of industrial hemp (defined by the bill as marijuana containing no more than 0.5% THC) in Colorado in 1996 for agricultural, commercial, and scientific research. The legislation allows for full scale hemp production to begin in 1998 and has been endorsed by the Colorado Farm Bureau, the Colorado State Grange, and the National Federation of Farm Bureaus. The bill has also received support from Hollywood actor and hemp businessman Woody Harrelson.

The bill now moves to the more conservative House where Reps. Steve Acquafresca (R-Cedaredge) and Bill Jerke (R-Lasalle) have agreed to help carry the legislation.

Often described as "marijuana's misunderstood cousin," industrial hemp is from the same species that produces marijuana. Unlike marijuana, however, industrial hemp has only minute amounts of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient that gives marijuana its medical and euphoric properties. Industrial hemp is currently grown legally through much of Europe, Asia, and parts of Canada to produce a variety of products such as textiles, paper, composites, paints, cosmetics, and animal feed.

For more information on this bill, please contact the office of Senator Lloyd Casey at (303) 866-4865 or the Colorado Hemp Initiative Project at (303) 784-5632. For more information on the value of industrial hemp, please contact either Allen St. Pierre or Paul Armentano of NORML at (202) 483-5500.

District Attorney To Take No Further Action In Medical Marijuana Distribution Case

April 3, 1996, New York, NY: The Manhattan District Attorney has agreed to take no further action in its prosecution of Johann Moore for distributing marijuana for medical purposes and to dismiss all charges against him in six months.

Judge William Mogulescu explained in open court that this decision by the District Attorney's office constituted an extreme deviation from their internal policies which require that all defendants must plead to the indictment in all cases of marijuana sales. Judge Mogulescu further added that he believed the District Attorney's action to be tantamount to an acknowledgment by that office of the legitimacy of medicinal marijuana and of the validity of Moore's claim that his distribution of marijuana as medicine constituted a justification for his actions.

Immediately after the court proceeding where Moore consented to the six month deferred prosecution, he informed reporters that he intends to continue to provide marijuana to those with a legitimate medical need.

Moore's attorney and President of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL), Robert Fogelnest said, "I applaud the District Attorney's office for their ultimately making an intelligent and humane judgment in the disposition of this case."

"I hope that this will pave the way for a more enlightened policy regarding the distribution of marijuana for medical use," added Moore's other attorney, Ruth Leibesman. Both Liebesman and Fogelnest are members of the NORML Legal Committee.

Moore is a longtime New York City drug reform activist and is the founder of the city's underground cannabis buyer's club - one of an estimated 30 clubs that currently operate and distribute medical marijuana to seriously ill patients who possess a doctor's recommendation. He was arrested last August for distributing marijuana and was charged with criminal sales in the fourth degree.

"The statement made by the District Attorney in this case is a strong one," said NORML Deputy Director Allen St. Pierre. "It appears that they - like the D.A.'s offices in San Francisco, Oakland, and Santa Cruz have done previously - wish to make the prosecution of buyer's clubs and those involved in the distribution of marijuana for medicinal use the state's lowest priority."

For more information on the Johann Moore case, please contact either Attorney Robert Fogelnest or Ruth Liebesman at (212) 683-8000. For more information on cannabis buyer's clubs, please contact Allen St. Pierre of NORML at (202) 483-5500.

California Reports Record Numbers Of Marijuana Prisoners

April 1, 1996, San Francisco, CA: The number of marijuana offenders in California state prisons has increased to its highest level in history, according to the latest statistics from the Department of Corrections. As of December 31, 1995, 1,572 prisoners were serving time for marijuana felonies, up 18 percent from one year previously.

The new figures appear to belie recent claims that the war on marijuana in California has let up. California now has two and a half times more marijuana prisoners than in the early 1970s, before possession was decriminalized from a felony to a misdemeanor, and 15 times as many marijuana prisoners as at the record low in 1980. An unknown number of additional prisoners are serving time in county jails. Nonetheless, recent surveys indicate that marijuana usage is rising - especially among adolescents - suggesting strongly that harsh penalties are not an effective deterrent in marijuana consumption.

For more information, please contact Dale Gieringer of California NORML at (415) 563 5858.

Prosecutors Seek Frequent-Flier Miles Of Man Convicted Of Marijuana Trafficking

April 3, 1996, Baltimore, MD: In an action that appears to be a first for the nation, federal prosecutors are attempting to seize 117,705 frequent-flier miles of a convicted marijuana trafficker.

"I think it's ingenious," said U.S. Attorney Lynne A. Battaglia, whose office recently filed the forfeiture claim. Prosecutors maintain that the miles should be converted into plain tickets and given to law enforcement agencies.

A federal judge will decide whether the miles should be considered as assets and confiscated under forfeiture laws. Recently, the Supreme Court upheld a Michigan ruling that allows prosecutors to seize property used in a crime even when the owner was not a participant.



Regional and other news

Body Count

The "Portland" zoned edition in Thursday's
Oregonian, delivered to subscribers in the central metropolitan area, shows that five of 13 felons sentenced to jail or prison in the most recent week by Multnomah County courts were controlled-substance offenders (April 4, 1996, p. 7 3M-MP). That means 91 of 157 felons sentenced to terms so far this year by Multnomah County courts were controlled-substance offenders, or 57.96 percent.

Let's Do the Numbers

According to the current standard reference, the preliminary 1994 government-funded National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (, "The current illicit drug use rate ranged from 6.6 percent in the West region to 5.1 percent in the Northeast region."

(This is for ages 12 and older, within the past month. Many if not most nongovernment experts put the figure at closer to 10 percent. An appendix to the survey at notes that "response rates were lowest among whites (76%)" and that "NHSDA estimates are based on self-reports of drug use, and their value depends on respondents' truthfulness and memory. Although many studies have generally established the validity of self-report data and the NHSDA procedures were designed to encourage honesty and recall, some degree of underreporting is assumed. Except for the special estimates of heavy drug use given in section 5, no adjustment to NHSDA data is made to correct for this.")

In Multnomah County, the current population is 626,500 according to the Center for Population Research and Census at Portland State University. The Center does not have a readily available figure for the population over age 12. However, Walter Wink, in an article titled Getting Off Drugs: The Legalization Option, published in the February 1996 Friends Journal (previously posted in the Portland NORML Web pages at, repeats the NHSDA figures in conjunction with a statement that there are 200 million Americans over age 12. Assuming a U.S. population of 260 million and transposing that ratio to Multnomah County would mean there are 626,500 x 200/260 (= 20/26 = 10/13) = 481,923 people over 12 in Multnomah County. Dividing that by 6.6 percent yields 31,806 illegal-drug users. Eighty-one percent, or 25,763, would be marijuana consumers.

Multnomah County now has a court-ordered ceiling of 1,371 jail beds, plus 480 more if the May 21 bond measure passes, for a potential 1,851 beds. That would mean there are currently at least 23 substance offenders in Multnomah County for every jail cell. If the jail-bond and levy measures pass on May 21, there would still be at least 17 substance offenders for each bed. Of course, if the nongovernment estimate of 10 percent of the population using illegal drugs is correct, that would mean there are 48,192 illegal-drug users in Multnomah County, or 26 for every cell even if the May 21 jail-bond and levy pass.

If endorsed by voters, the new jail bonds will cost $79 million, or $134 million with interest. That will buy 480 new cells, expansion of existing jails, new alcohol and drug centers for 150 inmates and the sheriff's computer upgrading. The average cost per cell comes to $164,583.33, or $279,166.66 with interest. At that rate, building new jail cells for all the illegal-drug users in Multnomah County would cost $164,583.33 multiplied by 31,806 equals $5,234,737,300 - more than $5 billion - or $8.8 billion with interest. Just building cells for all the traffickers, usually estimated at 10 percent of users, would cost $523 million, or $887.9 million with interest. Those figures do not even begin to account for such expenses as the current $75-per-day cost of each prisoner, or new police officers, guards, prosecutors, judges and probation officers. With the current 1,371 beds costing $75 per day, Multnomah County pays $102,825 per day to feed, clothe and house prisoners, or $37,531,125 per year. With 480 new beds the respective costs would be $138,825 per day and $50,671,125 per year.

'Oregon Prison Population Forecast'

But wait, there are still more prison beds coming on line, and nobody has any idea how they are going to be paid for. (There is something about prisons that inspires more denial than all the drug abuse in Oregon.) A March 1996 report from the Oregon Department of Administrative Services, produced by Jon Yunker, Director of the state Office of Economic Analysis, titled "Oregon Prison Population Forecast" (Volume II, No. 1) shows that Oregon's state inmate population, currently at 7,900, "is expected to reach 19,592 by July 2005. This would represent a 158 percent increase over the actual July 1995 count" (p.2). The report also seems to ignore the nationwide 7.6 percent annual baseline increase in prison population going all the way back to 1980, most of it attributable to drug offenders. In fact, there is no mention of controlled-substance offenders in the report at all. Instead, it attributes the expected increase to Ballot Measure 11 (establishing mandatory minimums, expected to add 8,825 prisoners a year by 2005) and House Bill 3488 (to imprison car thieves and burglars for 13 to 19 months, expected to add 709 prisoners by 2005). Further reading reveals the increases are likely to be even greater: While the prison population has climbed steeply since 1994, including "a 10.5 percent increase" in the past year (p. 6), the estimated Growth in Total Admissions drops to 5 percent in 1997, then to 1.05 percent in 1998 and less than 1 percent every year subsequently out to 2005. (p. 7)

Marijuana Task Force III

As mentioned last week, Portland NORML Director T.D. Miller has received a letter from Mayor Katz affirming that "Although requested by the Chief, I am not planning to fund the Marijuana Task Force with city dollars when the federal grant expires." Subsequent inquiries to the Portland Police Bureau's Drugs and Vice Division confirmed that, despite the loss of the $20,000 federal grant on June 30, the task force will continue as part of the Drugs and Vice Division. Mayor Katz in fact turned down a request to double the size of the task force. However, the task force is applying for additional federal funding through the Oregon Department of Justice-administered Marijuana Eradication Program.

In her letter to Miller, dated March 18, the Mayor also notes that "As Police Commissioner, it is my responsibility to see that all city ordinances and state statutes related to controlled substances are enforced effectively and equally throughout the City of Portland. You are correct in saying that I want only the best for Portland, however, until such time as the legislature of this state legalizes marijuana, I will direct the Portland Police Bureau, through Chief Charles Moose, to continue their enforcement efforts."

Less than a week after the Mayor affirmed her intent to uphold the controlled-substance laws effectively and equally, Robert Landauer, a staff editorial columnist for The Oregonian, wrote a piece titled "The myths of the young give parents nightmares" (March 24, 1996, p. E3). Landauer reports that "Police in Multnomah County prefer not to arrest young people for booze-related infractions." In the same column, Landauer also notes that "From 1986 through 1994, 439 Oregon youths under 21 were involved in alcohol-related fatalities. That's four dozen a year. The tricounty metropolitan Portland area had 129; Multnomah County, 70."

What does the public fear more: drunken drivers and hundreds of dead teenagers, or people smoking or even growing a nontoxic plant in the privacy of their own homes? It's clear what most people would prefer to spend their tax dollars on, given a choice. As soon as public officials figure out this is not an ideological issue so much as a practical one, marijuana offenses will be assigned the lowest priority. The vast majority of the public will not only reject the enormous costs and nonexistent benefits of pot prohibition, it will enthusiastically support public officials who do so, as long as the money freed up goes to solve real problems.

The mayor, police, prosecutors and judicial system also have a statutory responsibility to jail convicted burglars, car thieves and drunken drivers who injure others, without waiting for them to rack up repeat offenses. The Portland media have reported that officials ignore these laws, too, as a practical matter because local jails and prisons are too crowded (with controlled-substance offenders). Again, any public vote on which is a bigger problem, car thieves, burglars and drunken drivers; or people who smoke pot in their own homes; is going to be lopsided in favor of incarcerating real criminals.

The mayor and police are have a responsibility to uphold other important laws which are ignored to bad effect. In a story titled "Kids on the Street: Runaways and Throwaways" (March 25, 1996, p. B1 & B5), The Oregonian observed that "By law, parents are responsible for their children until they reach age 18. But as a practical matter such a law is rarely enforced - the state itself was legally responsible for Josh Rennells and sent him away." Rennells, 14, "wandered the streets, hung out downtown in Pioneer Courthouse Square and at the City Nightclub, and slept in parks. Then, 10 days ago, police say the boy and two other street kids, both 15-year-old girls, robbed and killed a 33-year-old man by slashing his throat. ... Nobody knows how many of the estimated 2,800 juveniles on the street in the Portland metropolitan area are not runaways but 'throwaways.'"

One way Portland residents could quickly settle this matter openly and honestly would be to hold a simple democratic vote on whether such laws will be funded locally. Instead of making this an ideological vote on whether drugs are good or bad, Portland residents should be presented with a credible bill for the cost of really enforcing these laws. Two caveats: 1) the NHSDA survey notes that 74 percent of illegal-drug users are gainfully employed, so removing that much of the population from the tax base will significantly reduce revenue. 2) The NHSDA also notes that illegal-drug use is most prevalent among ages 18-25 or so, the same age bracket as many if not most parents of young children, so the Multnomah County foster-care system would likely encounter staggering additional expenses. Considering all these factors, the bill facing the voters should total at least $1 billion to $2 billion a year to be credible.

Slanted Reporting

"Deputies smoke out pot farm" screamed the banner headline on the March 28 Oregonian Street Final Edition. "Two people are questioned about plants, equipment near Estacada worth millions," the deck headline stated. Now how about reporting what it costs to pay for all those deputies every year, and to prosecute and punish the cultivators? How about estimating the tax revenue if this activity - Oregon's largest cash crop - were regulated by law?

Slanted Justice

"Drug sweeps at two schools in Idaho prove nonproductive" an item in The Oregonian of March 25 stated on page B8. According to the article, "On March 15, eight drug-sniffing dogs identified 65 cars in the two school parking lots as having contraband. When those cars were searched, police discovered 8.7 grams of marijuana, one can of beer, firecrackers and tobacco." This calls into question the entire legal justification for using dogs to bypass people's Fourth Amendment rights. The arbitrary factor in canine searches is analogous to the period about a decade ago when courts confiscated millions of dollars and sent countless drug defendants to jail because the currency found in their possession was tainted by traces of cocaine. As reported in The Wall Street Journal of June 2, 1993, however, only later did someone do a study of all the cash in general circulation. "Some of the tests showed that more than 95% of the cash in circulation is cocaine-contaminated because residue from the drug remains long after the initial exposure," according to the report.

Portland NORML Meeting April 24

The "fourth Wednesday" meeting of the Portland chapter of NORML will begin 7:30 pm April 24 at the Phantom Gallery, 3125 SE Belmont St. Call (503) 777-9088 for more details. Everyone is welcome.

"Free Planet 4:20 Fest"

A recently formed group in Eugene, the Cannabis Liberation Society, is sponsoring the "Free Planet 4:20 Festival" noon-6 pm on Saturday, 4/20 (natch). The focus, being so close to Earth Day, is to bring solidarity between the hempsters and other environmental and social-justice groups. There will be speakers, music by the Liberty Rhythm Band, Peter Wilde & Friends, Rosebud, and Buddy Wah & Friends; a fashion show, open mic, raffle and "Sacred 4:20 Ritual." The festival takes place at the Wayne Morse Free Speech Plaza at the Lane County Courthouse, across from Saturday Market at Eighth & Oak in Eugene, Oregon. Contact the Cannabis Liberation Society at (541) 744-5744 for more information, raffle donations, and other donations to help make this event all it can be. Speakers will include Carolyn Moran of the Living Tree Paper Co.; Gary Kutcher of Oregon Life (Banning Clearcuts... Initiative); Laird Funk, Chief Petitioner for the Oregon Medical Marijuana Initiative; Mick Garvin of Cascadia Forest Defenders; Carol Logan of Kalapooya Sacred Circle Alliance; and Sharon Place, a cancer-patient caregiver and medical cannabis activist. Master of ceremonies will be Hungry Bear Hemp Foods of Eugene (

Washington Governor Lowry Signs Medical Marijuana Bill

According to Dave Hall of the Washington Hemp Education Network (WHEN), at 3:30 pm on Saturday, March 30th, Washington State Governor Mike Lowry conducted a bill-signing ceremony in the state Capitol. Among the bills signed by the governor was the medical marijuana bill that authorizes $70,000 to one university and $60,000 to another to study a tamper-proof cultivation and distribution method in Washington. (See the March 21 and March 28 Portland NORML weekly news releases.)

Hall writes, "Bill co-sponsor Senator Jeanne Kohl urged W.H.E.N.'s Dr. David Edwards to pull together a gaggle of local medical marijuana activists to attend the ceremony, and about a dozen folks showed up, including W.H.E.N.'s Jimmy Wheeler, Green + Cross members Joanna McKee, recently convicted grower Jess Williams and several other supporters and Green + Cross patients.

"Forty or fifty state dignitaries were also present, and the governor spoke for about fifteen minutes about the various bills he would be signing that support various state programs and agencies; he spoke without interruption. Then, at the end of his speech, he said there was a special bill in the stack and he wanted to thank Senator Kohl and the medical marijuana activists who worked so hard to make it happen. He then explained the medicinal marijuana bill and afterwards the whole room broke into enthusiastic applause! It was the only thing in the entire speech that received applause. He then asked the Senator and the activists to come up for handshakes and proceeded to pose with everyone for pictures and hand out pens from the signing ceremony."

Scotland Decriminalizes Small Quantities of Cannabis

Adam Starchild (The Offshore Entrepreneur at writes: "People in Scotland caught possessing small quantities of cannabis will be able to pay a fine by post without incurring a criminal record, instead of appearing in court. Under the new Criminal Justice Act for Scotland, minor drugs offenses will be punished with fines of between 25 and 100 British pounds on the lines of a parking fine. Offenders will have the alternative of a court hearing - but if found guilty would have it on their criminal record. The measure is expected to clear the courts of up to 3,000 small drug cases a year."

Judge Flips On Drug Decision Amid Pressure

Flip NEW YORK (Reuter) - A federal judge, whose controversial ruling throwing out drug evidence drew the ire of President Clinton and Senate Republican Leader Bob Dole, reversed himself Monday.

U.S. District Judge Harold Baer said he was vacating his earlier ruling based on new evidence presented by the government during a March 15 rehearing.

The reversal was a dramatic turnaround for Baer, who previously said the prosecutors' bid to get him to change his mind was a "juvenile project.''

"I understand the judge was under a substantial amount of pressure,'' said Ramon Pagan, a defense attorney in the case. ''I believe nothing changed in the second hearing and we will proceed to seek out legal remedies.''

Baer vacated his widely criticized Jan. 22 ruling in which he dismissed as evidence 80 pounds of cocaine and heroin that police officers had seized from a car trunk.

The judge, appointed by Clinton in 1994, originally ruled that police did not have reasonable suspicion to pull over Carol Bayless, the car's driver, when they observed four men approach a car and drop several bags in the trunk.

The judge said fleeing the police was not suspicious behavior in Washington Heights, a neighborhood known for corrupt and violent police officers.

His ruling first came under intense fire by Republican New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and other local politicians who said the judge cared more for the rights of criminals than for the rights of the public.

The controversy spread to Washington where the Republicans were trying to make Clinton's judicial appointees a major issue in the presidential race and asked the president to call for Baer's resignation.

On March 21, White House press secretary Michael McCurray suggested that Clinton would await Baer's decision on whether to reverse his earlier ruling before the president decided whether to call for the judge's resignation.

Dole had said Baer should be impeached if he did not resign and a spokesman said the senator was not going to apologize for expressing "his outrage in the strongest terms possible over a dangerous decision by a member of the liberal Clinton judiciary.''

The attack on Baer drew responses from legal groups and other judges who say the criticisms are part of a general effort to exploit judicial decisions for political reasons.

In a highly unusual move, a group of judges from the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals released a strongly worded public statement criticizing the White House and Dole, who is running for the Republican presidential nomination.

They said the calls for his resignation unless he reversed his decision amounted to "extraordinary intimidation.''

"The framers of our Constitution gave federal judges life tenure, after nomination by the president and confirmation by the Senate,'' the judges wrote. "They did not provide for resignation or impeachment whenever a judge makes a decision with which elected officials disagree.''

[End of excerpts]

Fiscal Conservatism Yields Social Progress

Drunk drivers, drug dealers and other convicted criminals are walking free in Canton, Ohio because of residents who repeatedly reject tax increases to pay for law enforcement. Few are complaining, however.

The New York Times reported April 4 that repeated votes against a sales tax increase led to the local sheriff closing half the city jail. In essence, fiscal conservatism has spawned liberalism in the city courts, with criminals sentenced not to jail but rather to community service and rehabilitation. City officials were surprised when crime rates did not increase, as many had feared. "We saw that whether an individual served jail time had little impact on the recidivism rate," said Canton County Prosecutor Robert Horowitz.

Such was the impact of the unintended policy shift that when voters finally did pass a special tax to fund the jail, law enforcement officials said they would not return to the old policy of throwing every offender in jail.

[Distributed by: Join Together, New York ( Tel. (617) 437-1500.]

"The House That Hemp Built"

Excerpts from the April 1996 High Times article, "Hemp in the Home" (

In France, there are now three companies using hemp hurds to restore or actually build houses. In 1986, the hemp growers' co-op La Chanviere de l'Aube patented a technique to "mineralize" hemp hurds by coating them with silica to make them moisture-repellent. The resulting product, commercialized under the brand name "Canonbiote," can be used in loose form as insulation or mixed with cement to create walls and ceilings. A spinoff of La Chanviere called Isochanvre, patented its own brand of silica-coated hemp hurds, which have already been used to construct over 250 houses.

Instead of cement, Isochanvre combines its treated hurds with natural lime and water to create a lightweight mixture which can be poured into molds, like cement, to harden into walls, or applied with a trowel, with a grainy texture similar to cork. Another company, Canosmose, uses untreated hemp hurds with lime and plaster of Paris - a more do-it-yourself approach.

The advantages of building with hemp hurds are numerous. Not only does the hemp replace the need for wood, bricks, and fiberglass insulation, but the hardened material is mold and insect-resistant and fire-retardant. It's also many times lighter than cement, sets in a couple of hours and provides both thermal and sound insulation.

In Germany, a company called Mehabit is treating hemp hurds with bitumen (similar to tar) to create floor insulation. The product is simply poured between the floorboards. The bitumen helps mold the hurds together, creating a solid mass that won't shift under pressure.

But the real future for home construction lies in hemp composites. C&S Specialty Builders Supply in Harrisburg, Oregon, is making medium-density fiberboard from hemp that is twice strong than wood and three times more elastic. The hemp fiberboard could be used to replace wood-based fiberboard in more traditional housing construction and furniture - anywhere you see wood in a house. "Initially it will be used as a supplement to wood fiberboard because of its superior strength," predicts C&S partner Dave Seber. "But eventually, hemp composites will replace wood in home construction in many parts of the world. Anything you can make out of a tree, you can make better with hemp."

[An excellent interview with Bill Conde and Dave Seber illustrating hemp's potential to replace virtually all wood products is posted in Portland NORML's Web pages at - Ed.]

Taking their cue from Rembrandt, who painted his masterpieces with hemp-based oils, HanfHaus is the first company to make hemp paints since the paint industry switched over to petroleum and synthetics. According to Brockers, hemp oil makes a very durable, long-lasting paint that renders wood highly water-resistant. Sure it's pricey - around $30 a gallon - but you don't have to contend with any toxic fumes. "You can paint your bedroom and sleep in it the same night," he says.

Yet Brockers is most proud of the company's newest product, the world's first hemp-based laundry detergent, to be released in February under the name Sativa. The product contains a mixture of hemp oil and yeast that is biodegradable (breaking down completely in 10 days) and cleans better than petroleum-based detergents. In independent tests, Sativa not only beat out laundry soaps made from other natural plant oils, but consistently outperformed Germany's leading synthetic brand.

It was Calvin Klein who predicted last June in The New York Times that hemp would soon be "the fiber of choice" for the home-furnishings industry.

[End of excerpts]

Yanquis, Go Home

SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (Reuters, March 19, 1996) - El Salvador's president Armando Calderon Sole, at a Latin American summit conference in San Jose, Costa Rica urged that the US should think more seriously about legalization. There were a few more explanatory remarks basically stating that the US should stop beating up Latin America for its own problems.

Pointing Fingers

CINCINNATI, March 25 (UPI) - Illegal drug usage in Ohio's public elementary schools has increased in affluent schools more rapidly than in poorer districts, the Atlanta-headquartered Parents Resources Institute for Drug Education said Monday.

The institute plans to release the results of an Ohio public school drug usage survey Thursday.

However, one affluent suburban Cincinnati school district said its numbers show the use of illegal substances among its sixth and eighth graders has increased since 1993.

PRIDE officials allowed the Sycamore School District near Cincinnati to release its findings in time for a Monday night town meeting, organized by U.S. Rep. Rob Portman, R-Ohio.

"There will be some differences between districts... and I would expect (Sycamore's figures) would be a little higher than the state (average)," PRIDE President Thomas Gleaton told United Press International. "Upper socio-economic levels still use drugs at a little higher rate than lower socio-economic groups.

"There's an impression that the inner-city uses a lot more drugs than the suburbs," Gleaton said, "and that's significantly untrue."

[End of excerpts]

Law Of Unintended Consequences

PA News (U.K.)
By Steve Smith

North Sea oil workers are being lured towards crack cocaine and heroin because they are less detectable in the body than cannabis, a leading union official claimed today.

Roger Spiller, offshore secretary of the MSF union, said cannabis, and to a lesser extent "hard drugs," were now commonplace on oil installations.

Addressing an offshore occupational health conference in Aberdeen, Mr. Spiller went on: "As you will be aware cannabis can be detected for up to 90 days after being ingested, whereas heroin and cocaine are normally undetectable after two days.

"If we look at this from an equitable view, why should someone who may have smoked a 'joint' several weeks before be sacked for it when someone who was rolling drunk for the whole of his field break except the last day is deemed to be fit for work?

"The most damaging result of the hypocritical attitude, however, is the conclusion to be drawn from the workforce - 'If you want to take drugs take the really addictive ones like crack or heroin because they are less detectable.'"

[End of excerpt]

DARE On Dateline

According to a producer at NBC Dateline, they are going to air the DARE story they have been working on some months, on Tuesday night, April 9. As always, check your local listings, but this should be found in the Portland area at 10 pm PST on KGW Channel 8.

Cannabis Buyers' Clubs on 48 Hours

The Unabomber story pre-empted the Cannabis Buyers Club feature that was scheduled for April 4. Assuming some other crisis doesn't come up, the CBC story should air 10 pm Thursday, April 11. This is a CBS program, found locally on KOIN Channel 6.



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