Portland NORML News - Friday, April 10, 1998

High Court Trashes Rights - Week 6, Stop The Marijuana Task Force
(Weekly News Release From Portland's American Antiprohibition League
Notes New Oregon Supreme Court Decision Limiting The Fourth Amendment,
And Publicizes The Sixth Public Demonstration 4-6 PM Friday
Against The Marijuana Task Force And Its 'Knock And Talk' Tactics)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 03:41:49 -0700 (PDT)
From: Anti-Prohibition Lg 
To: AAL@inetarena.com
Subject: OR High Court Trashes Rights, Week 6: STOP THE MTF



Drug War, or Drug Peace?


Friday, April 10, 1998

Oregon Supreme Court trashes 4th Amendment protections


Portland, Oregon -- History will note Thursday, April 9, 1998 as a
very dark day for Oregonians protection against unreasonable search and

Drug war apologist will claim the police need this latitude to be
more effective. They are right. If you buy the prohibition model we
now labor under.

Rich Republicans give a wink and a nod. After they arrogantly ask
why did it take so long to give police this expanded power to search at
will? After all they will sing, only the guilty would object.

Many liberals will wring their hands, feign concern ... but hey this
is "war," they will rationalize. We must "protect the kids," and if it
means sacrificing rights for a little more safety then so be it. They
are right. In fact if we were to suspend all rights and subject
everyone to random drug tests we could fill an athletic stadium and
simply execute them all. Wala, a "drug free" Oregon. Wouldn't it be
grand? Messy, but grand.

Antiprohibitionists do not equivocate on the problem, the very real
problem of drug abuse in our society and especially among the young.
It is a terrible problem and it's getting worse all the time.

How long will we keep doing the same thing, expecting different

Our state government has a schizophrenic drug policy. While we do
more than most other states to treat abuse and provide harm reduction
(e.g. needle exchange), even drug courts. Yet it persist on
misappropriating the lion's share of "drug" dollars to futile and
pernicious enforcement, ever expanding prisons.

It's obvious which approach our state's high court prefers. The
ramifications could be with us for a very long time to come. Read the
summary below, if it does not scare you then you should read the
Constitution of these here United States and this here Oregon State to
see just how far we have drifted from the original intent.

On April 9, 1998, the Oregon Supreme Court decided the case summarized


State v. Martin (SC S44459)

HOLDING: A police officer has probable cause to arrest a man who
exhibits behavior consistent with a drug transaction in a place known
as a center of drug activity.

SUMMARY: Martin was charged with unlawful delivery and unlawful
possession of cocaine after a warrantless search on his person found
cocaine. The arresting officer testified that he observed Martin
standing on a corner well known for drug transactions. When hailed by
the occupant of a van stopping at the corner, Martin looked around as
if to assure himself that he would not be observed before approaching
the van. Martin subsequently reached into the van and then appeared to
place something in his back pocket. Martin was again observed on the
same corner approximately two hours later. The trial court concluded
that since the officer failed to see any object in Martin's hand, the
officer lacked an objective basis for the arrest. The Court of Appeals

The Supreme Court concluded that under the totality of the
circumstances, the officer's conclusions were objectively reasonable.
Because of the officer's knowledge of the corner as a "drive-up drug
dispensing location" and the specific actions he observed, he had
probable cause to arrest the defendant and the search was lawful.

source: Oregon Court News, 4/9/98, Willamette University Law Online




(1120 S.W. 3rd., downtown Portland, Oregon)


"Suspend & Review" [The MTF] Endorsements

Lee Berger, local attorney
Radical Women
Cannabis Liberation Society
Gary L. Dye, candidate Metro Dist. 7
Lewis & Clark College Hemp Club
Stuart Sugarman, local attorney
N.O.R.M.L., Portland/Vancouver
Spencer M. Neal, local attorney
Pacific Party, Portland
James Brewster, Lib candidate U.S. Senate
Jim Redden, PDXS
Dr. Ruben Botello, Amer. Homeless Society
Paul Loney, local attorney
Oregonians for Personal Privacy
Stan Khan, Pacific Party Dist 14
D. Paul Stanford, Demo Dist. 14

Hello Grants Pass From OCTA! (Bruce House, A Volunteer
For The Oregon Cannabis Tax Act Initiative Campaign,
Notes Another Volunteer From Grants Pass Has Forwarded A List
Of Potential Activists - The Addresses Of Around 70 People Busted Locally
On Marijuana Charges In The Past Year)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 16:56:44 -0700
From: wbruceh@ix.netcom.com ()
Subject: Hello Grants Pass from OCTA!
To: octa99@crrh.org

OCTA notes.

A neat thing happened, although it made getting out the bulk rate mail
twice as long, a lady in Grants Pass sent us around 70 addresses of
people who've been busted for marijuana charges since up to a year ago
in Grants Pass.

As we know,
felons can vote in Oregon as long as they are not in jail.

It was sad reading all the news-clippings of police violence against
marijuana users over the last year.

It motivated me to include them in this weeks' OCTA bulk rate mail,
as it motivated our volunteer in Grants Pass to send them to us.

Many thanks to our volunteer in Grants Pass for sending the addresses!

That's an idea.

Anyone can gather addresses of people who want us to send them a
petition package, and we're getting them out in a weekly bulk-rate

For Peace,

Bruce House
Registered Libertarian
CRRH/OCTA Office Volunteer

Campaign for the Restoration and Regulation of Hemp!

PO Box 86741
Portland, OR 97286

Sponsors of the Oregon Cannabis Tax Act


Phone: 503-235-4606
Fax: 503-235-0120
Video archive: http://www.crrh.org/video.html
Streaming Video of reform related shows


Credit Card web donation site: http://www.crrh.org/credit_cards.html
We need cash to pay petitioners!


You can now subscribe or unsubscribe to the octa99 emailing list
automatically by using a web browser. Go to:


to subscribe or unsubscribe to the octa99@crrh.org email list.

Todd McCormick Update From Peter McWilliams (Heartbreaking Account
From Editor Of 'Marijuanamagazine.com' Says The California Cancer Patient
Continues To Be Held By Federal Authorities Without A Hearing
Or Medical Care - Demonstration 6:30 PM Monday In Los Angeles)

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 00:20:24 EDT
Originator: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: drctalk@drcnet.org
From: AMMO 
To: Multiple recipients of list 
Subject: Todd McCormick Update (4/10/98)

Update from Peter McWilliams
April 10, 1998









Scheduled to speak are McCormick's mother, Ann McCormick, who is flying out
from Rhode Island for this event and to visit her son; Dennis Peron,
Republican candidate for Governor; and Jack Herer, author of "The Emperor
Wears No Clothes."



The results of the urine sample taken from McCormick on March 31, 1998,
have been released by the federal government: negative. The sample was
given two days BEFORE the warrant for his arrest was issued. The results of
this test-that prove McCormick had, indeed, stopped using Marinol(r)--were
not revealed at McCormick's non-hearing on April 3, 1998.



Even a physician, a physician's assistant, and a psychologist-all on the
federal government's payroll-agree: Todd McCormick is in bad shape.
McCormick has been prescribed and is being given an anxiety and
pain-relieving medication, in addition to a pain-relieving medication. He
has been moved to the medical-psychiatric section of the federal holding
facility where he can get better-although pathetically substandard-medical

For fifteen years-from the time he was twelve-McCormick has successfully
treated his intense cancer-induced pain and, secondarily, his clinical
depression with medical marijuana. This was all under the care and with the
approval of a long list of physicians. In July 1997, the DEA arrested
McCormick on medical marijuana cultivation charges and took away the
medicine that uniquely treated McCormick's conditions-medical marijuana.

Since then, he has deteriorated physically and mentally. He has lost a
considerable amount of weight. The constant pain causes a low-level nausea
that makes eating difficult and sometimes impossible. The depression has
been grinding. After seven months of torment, in late February 1998,
McCormick was finally persuaded to try Marinol(r)--a prescription form of
THC, an active ingredient of medical marijuana.

To McCormick's delight, the Marinol(r) seemed to be working-not as well as
his medication of choice, but a noticeable improvement, "Todd started to
become himself again," said his publisher Peter McWilliams. Then, only two
weeks after starting the Marinol(r), the federal government ordered
McCormick to stop taking not only his legally prescribed Marinol(r), but
also hemp seed oil and other hemp seed nutritional products that McCormick
uses as part of his anti-cancer diet.

The return of the physical pain when he was forced off Marinol(r) triggered
a new level of emotional pain. "They're trying to kill me," McCormick said
as he spiraled into depression. "They take away my medicine, they take away
my food. They want me to get cancer again and die. Then I won't be any
trouble to them any more." He spent his time contemplating the rest of his
life in pain in a federal prison-all for treating his illness with a plant
he grew himself, in accordance with California law.

While he was in this fragile condition, two weeks later, the government
issued a warrant for the arrest of Todd McCormick. His urine, it seemed,
had shown the presence of THC. This was fully expected. The powerful
synthetic THC, Marinol(r), McCormick had been legally taking only days
before the tests was still in his body.

To top that off, the witness that could have vindicated this scientific
fact was not called by the prosecution, as required by law. So
McCormick-who gave himself up at the precise time he agreed to-was sent to
prison for the government's error.

McCormick was "processed" (strip-searched and given prison uniforms) in a
room with a leaking sewage pipe. The floor, on which McCormick had to walk
barefoot, was covered with human urine and excrement. McCormick was not
allowed to bring the special orthopedic pillow he uses to support his
head-his top five vertebra were fused together during cancer treatment when
he was two years old. Inside federal prison, he was told that there were
"no more pillows," not of any kind.

In the medical-psychiatric ward he shivers in the flimsy cotton federal
detention uniform-the prison is kept inhumanly cold 24 hours a day. The
cold creates muscle cramping, that creases pain, which thrusts McCormick
deeper into despair.

For more information, see:

Cannabis Club Closes Its Doors In Santa Cruz ('San Jose Mercury News'
Elaborates On The Unprofessional Behavior That Led To The Demise
Of The Medical Marijuana Dispensary)
Link to earlier story
Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 02:49:05 -0700 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US CA: Cannabis Club Closes Its Doors in Santa Cruz Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Newshawk: Joel W. Johnson (jwjohnson@netmagic.net) Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: letters@sjmercury.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 Author: Lee Quarnstrom CANNABIS CLUB CLOSES ITS DOORS IN SANTA CRUZ The Santa Cruz Cannabis Buyers' Club shut down last week after its supplier refused to extend further credit and an associate took off with the club's patient list, the club's founder said Thursday. Fred Seike, founder of the club, said he will not reopen the downtown medical-marijuana facility. "I'm 74, I'm crippled and I'm getting very, very tired," said Seike, who has been the mainstay of the club and one of the town's leading proponents of legalizing marijuana for medical purposes. The club, located at Maple and Center streets, closed when its marijuana supplier, thinking he would not be paid a $7,000 debt the club owed him, refused to extend further credit, Seike said. Seike, who in recent months had turned over day-to-day operations of the club to others, blamed the organization's demise on one of his former associates. He said that person told the supplier the $7,000 debt the club owed would not be paid. Seike would identify neither the former buyers' club associate nor the dealer. "We'd been in that place before, three or four times, and we'd always been able to pay him off. But this time, an in-house person apparently convinced him that we were not going to be able to pay him." That individual, he said, took the club's patient list and indicated he planned to open his own medicinal marijuana club in the Santa Cruz area. Seike noted, however, that so far he has not heard of any such operation opening in town. He said that the 200 or so patients who purchased medical marijuana from the Cannabis Buyers' Club "will have to scrounge around looking for their local pot dealer" if they plan to continue using the substance. "If another buyers' club opens, it's not going to be with my assistance," he said.

Drug Dose Disables Fremont Teacher ('San Jose Mercury News'
Says A 19-Year-Old Student From Union City, California, Was Arrested
On Suspicion Of Possessing And Selling Methamphetamine
After A Respected Fremont High School Teacher Developed Near-Fatal
Heart Problems Triggered By Snorting Crank He Allegedly Bought
From The Teen)

Date: Tue, 14 Apr 1998 02:49:12 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: Drug Dose Disables Fremont Teacher
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Joel W. Johnson (jwjohnson@netmagic.net)
Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA)
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998
Author: Dennis Akizuki


A respected Fremont high school teacher who suffers from a rare hereditary
disorder is recovering at home after a near-fatal heart problems triggered
when he snorted methamphetamine allegedly purchased from a former student.

The 19-year-old student, a Union City resident, was arrested on suspicion
of possessing and selling methamphetamine. Both the student and the
teacher confessed to police, according to court documents.

Fremont police and the Alameda County District Attorney's Office and
continuing to investigate the case and would not comment. The teacher, a
respected six-year veteran at Kennedy High School, has been on sick leave
since the incident last month.

The Mercury News is not naming the teacher because he has not been arrested
or charged with a crime. It's precisely for that reason that the Fremont
Unified School District has not initiated action against the teacher.

The Mercury News also is not naming the former student because the status
of criminal charges against him was unclear Thursday.

A man identifying himself as the teacher's brother answered the door at the
family home Thursday and said no one had any comment. His brother, the man
said, is not physically up to speaking.

Court documents indicate the teacher is not only a former drug user who
missed the rush that "crank" would give him, but a man haunted by him
imminent mortality because of his rare hereditary disorder.

The teacher suffers from Marfan syndrome, according to a letter from his
lawyer, Byron C. Thompson, contained in the court file. Marfan syndrome is
a sometimes fatal disorder of the connective tissue that can produce heart,
skeletal and eye abnormalities.

When he was diagnosed with Marfan at age 27, the teacher was told his life
expectancy was 45 years, Thompson said in the letter. The diagnosis
touched periods of depression.

Thompson called his client a "dedicated teacher" who single-handedly put
together the technology program at the school by soliciting corporate

California Senate Committee OKs Bill To Ease Three-Strikes Law
('Los Angeles Times' Says Prospects For Enactment Of The Bill,
Which Would Require That The Third Strike Conviction Be A Violent Offense
In Order For The Maximum Sentence To Be Imposed, Appear Dim)

Date: Thu, 16 Apr 1998 09:59:38 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US CA: CA Senate Committee OKs Bill to Ease Three-Strikes Law
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998
Author: Max Vanzi, Times Staff Writer


For maximum sentence, third conviction would have to be violent offense.
Measure's prospects are uncertain.

SACRAMENTO--Urged on by Southland supporters who took an all-night bus ride
to get here, a state Senate committee approved a measure Tuesday to ease
California's tough three-strikes sentencing law.

Prospects for enactment of the bill, which would require that the
third-strike conviction be a violent offense before the maximum sentence
could be imposed, appear dubious.

The legislation would remove what is widely viewed as the law's harshest
component: a 25-year-to-life sentence upon conviction of a third felony,
even if the third conviction is for a nonviolent, low-impact crime.

In an emotion-charged atmosphere in the hearing room, created by relatives
and supporters of inmates from Los Angeles, Orange County and other areas,
senators on the Senate Public Safety Committee heard from witnesses who
said the three-strikes law often sends felons to prison for seemingly minor

Roberta Robles of Santa Ana, co-founder of Californians Against Three
Strikes, said her husband received a 25-years-to-life prison term for
"attempting to possess" imitation rock cocaine--which turned out to be a
macadamia nut--offered to him by undercover police.

Sen. John Vasconcellos (D-Santa Clara), chairman of the committee and
author of the bill (SB2048), said the Robles incident "makes the law
incredible and stupid."

Other witnesses related statistics, supported by the Department of
Corrections, showing that most California inmates are serving time for
nonviolent offenses.

About 45 supporters from two organizations with chapters throughout the
state attended the hearing, then moved outside for a peaceful demonstration
on the Capitol steps.

On Monday night, about half of the activists had set out by bus for the
Capitol from Southern California.

The Vasconcellos bill would require amending a statute that was enacted at
the polls as well as by the Legislature in 1994.

Backers' most likely course to change the law would be to secure two-thirds
majority passage in both houses and the signature of Gov. Pete Wilson--who
vigorously supported the three-strikes law as it stands today.

Copyright Los Angeles Times

The Official Web Page For I-692 (List Subscribers
Post Three Different URLs With Text, Other Information For Activists
About Washington State Medical Marijuana Ballot Initiative)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 15:28:00 -0700 (PDT)
From: Ben 
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: Re: HT: The Official Web Page for I-692
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Just to let everyone know, Hemp.Net has an I-692 site with more of an
activist edge than the Secretary of State's site. :) The Secretary of
State has a _great_ site, but hopefully the Hemp.Net site will keep you
better informed on how the initiative is doing and what you can do to
help it pass.

- Hemp.Net's I-682 Website

- Official (WCMR) I-692 Website

- Secretary of State's Official I-692 Complete Text

Ben Livingston -- Hemp.Net Number 2 Geek
ben@hemp.net -- http://www.hemp.net/~ben
Pager: (206) 405-5862 --- (360) 971-5233
P.O. Box 95227 -- Seattle, WA 98145-2227
"Who needs sleep? We've got computers."


On Fri, 10 Apr 1998, Randy Chase wrote:

> To all,
> The official web site for Initiative 692, Washington State Medical
> Marijuana Initiative is at:
> http://www.wa.gov/sec/inits/text/i692.htm
> Thanks again to all folks who participated in drafting the language.
> Randy
> Randy Chase					
> Seattle, WA

Don't Forget - Campus Recruit Program Tomorrow! (Medical Marijuana Now!
Is Sponsoring A Meeting In Seattle Tomorrow To Show You How
To Recruit College Students For The Washington State Initiative Campaign)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 16:55:46 -0700 (PDT)
From: bc616@scn.org (Darral Good)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: DONT FORGET: CAMPUS recruit program TOMMOROW!
Reply-To: bc616@scn.org
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

The RANDY one said:

To all,

A planning meeting for a college campus activist recruitment program is being
scheduled for Saturday, April 11th. Some schools terms end in May for the
summer, if any field operations are to be coordinated for the fall, planning
and recruitment need to be scheduled ASAP.

If you can spare some time to help organize our younger brothers and sisters
into action for the medical marijuana issue, great come to the meeting. If you
can only spare two hours to contribute ideas, please bring your plans to this
meeting. If you are a college student or have friends attending college now or
in the fall. We need you.

At this time this project will be under the Medical Marijuana NOW banner, when
plans are finalized the work may be done using another organizational name.

Any and all are welcome to this public meeting.

Planning for campus medical marijuana membership drive.

SGN office Saturday April 11th, Noon - 2 pm.
1605 12th Ave. (Capitol Hill)

Bring notepad and pen and ideas.

Randy Chase
Campus Field Campaign coordinator
Medical Marijuana NOW!


Narcotics Force Busts Sophisticated Indoor Pot Farm ('Associated Press'
Says The Thurston County Narcotics Task Force Seized About 500
Marijuana Plants They Claim Were Worth $1,250 Each,
Near Rochester, Washington)

Associated Press
found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/
letters to editor:

Narcotics force busts sophisticated indoor pot farm

The Associated Press
04/10/98 3:05 PM Eastern

OLYMPIA (AP) -- Thurston County's drug trade took a hit when
agents dismantled a sophisticated indoor marijuana-growing
operation they said yielded $1 million a year in wholesale

About 500 marijuana plants were seized in Thursday's raid, some
as tall as 6 feet and ready to be harvested. Police said the pot farm
had been operating near Rochester in southwest Thurston County
for at least two years, supplying mostly a local market.

The man who lived in the house, Cameron N. Smith, 42, was
arrested for investigation of manufacturing marijuana with intent
to deliver while armed, and other charges, said Detective Jim
Black of the Thurston County Narcotics Task Force. Three men
caught with him were charged with possessing stolen property and

Smith also could face charges of defrauding a public utility for
allegedly stealing about $1,000 worth of electricity per month by
splicing a nearby service line, said Lance Brown of Puget Sound
Energy. The plants were grown with the use of $20,000 in lighting

The plants were valued at about $1,250 each, or about $600,000
total, Black said. Police believe Smith harvested the plants three
times a year, which could have yielded as much as $1.8 million
annually, he said.

Detectives from other police agencies also raided three homes and
two storage lockers in Thurston County, netting another 21
marijuana plants, $20,000 in cash and a stolen truck.

Police hope to arrest at least four more people.

Despite the big bust, Black said other growers will fill the void.
"You'll probably see the availability diminish a little bit, but not
much," he said.

Questions? Comments? Suggestions? We welcome your feedback.

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved.
This material may not be published, broadcast,
rewritten, or redistributed.

Narcotics Force Busts Pot Farm (Version In 'The Daily Olympian')

From: "W.H.E.N." 
To: "Talk" 
Subject: HT: Big Oly Pot Bust - 2 Olympian Articles
Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 20:54:56 -0700
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Both articles in this post are about the "BIG POT BUST" in Rochester last
week, as reported in the Daily Olympian. The second article below is a
follow-up article. Bob Owen


By Joel Coffidis
The Daily Olympian
(Olympia, Washington)

Narcotics force busts pot farm

BANNER DAY-. Police raid several county drug houses, including one with
500 marijuana plants.

MARIJUANA GARDEN: Washington State Patrol Trooper Jim Aye descends into the
main growing space at a busted marijuana farm Thursday. An upper level
contained starter plants. The operation used grow lights powered by an
allegedly illegal electrical diversion.

THURSTON COUNTY - Drug agents on Thursday dismantled an indoor
marijuana-growing operation they said yielded $1 million, a year in
wholesale revenues.

It had been operating near Rochester in the southwest county for at least
two years, supplying mostly a Thurston County market, police said.

"This was a big one, this was a real big one," said Lt. Bill Flinton of
the Thurston County Narcotics Task Force.

However, other growers will fill the void left in the Thurston County drug
market, said Detective Jim Black of the task force.

"You'll probably see the availability diminish a little bit, but not much,"
Black said.

The man who lived at the raided house on 168th Avenue Southwest, Cameron N.
Smith, 42, was arrested on suspicion of manufacturing marijuana with intent
to deliver while armed and other charges, Black said.

About 500 marijuana plants, some as tall as 6 feet and ready to be
harvested, were seized, along with a rifle and .380-caliber handgun from
the Rochester-area home, he said.

The plants were valued at about $1,250 each, or about $600,000 total, Black
said. It's believed that Smith harvested the plants three times a year,
which could have yielded between $600,000 and $1.8 million annually, Black

Detectives from other police agencies also raided two homes off Nisqually
Cut-Off Road, a home off Sitkum Drive and two storage lockers off Martin
Way all in Thurston County, Black said.

Twenty-one mar ij uana plants were seized at one of the homes, and more
than $20,000 cash was seized at another, Black said. Police hope to arrest
at least four other people, possibly more, stemming from the other raids,
he added.

The suspect in the Rochester raid was a sophisticated grower, Black said.
Lighting equipment worth more than $20,000 helped grow the plants, and it
is believed Smith sold the drug to distributors in the greater-Olympia

Smith was also arrested on suspicion of first-degree possession of stolen
property and possession of methamphetamine. He was being held at the
Thurston County Jail on Thursday night without bail.

When detectives raided the home at about 7:10 a.m. T hursday, Smith and
three other men were in the garage, taking parts off a stolen pickup truck,
Black, said. About three grams of methamphetamine - with a street value of
about $300 - was nearby, he added.

Also arrested on suspicion of possessing stolen property and
methamphetamine were John D. Palmer, 29, of Oakville, released on $5,000
bail; Greg S. Warren, 34, of Vircon Drive, Rochester, released on $2,500
bail; and Marc C. Core, 29, of Susan Court Southeast, Lacey, released on
$7,500 bail.

Smith also could face charges of defrauding a public utility for allegedly
stealing about $1,000 worth of electricity per month, said Lance Brown of
Puget Sound Energy. The suspect allegedly spliced into a nearby service
line, he said.

All four suspects are expected to have preliminary appearances today in
Superior Court, police said.

About 40 officers and detectives, participated in the six raids, Black

Joel Coffidis covers courts for The Olympian. He can be reached at

Seattle Hempfest Benefit May 2 (List Subscriber Publicizes Musical Benefit
At Rexville Grange)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 10:35:01 -0700
From: Allison Bigelow (whc@CNW.COM)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: Press release for Seattle Hempfest Benefit, May 2nd
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Grass Roots Love, a gathering of our community in celebration, will be
held at the Rexville Grange beginning at 3pm on Saturday, May 2nd. It is
an evening of music, theatre, and rainbow magic featuring Spirit Union
Revival, Arizona's Family Groove Band, that will be stopping in on their
1998 Spring Tour. We'll also be treated to the swirling rainbow jams of
The Freedom Tribe, as well as be enlightened by The Everchanging
Festival of Now, an ecclectic troupe performing theatre, clowning, fire
dance, and music . This event is a Seattle Hempfest benefit, and will
cost $8.00 at the door. Chili, cornbread, and salad are available for a
$3.00 donation to the Green Cross. Tell your friends that this is one
show that they won't want to miss! For more information call Allison at
(360) 422-5097. Non profit booths and vendors welcome.

Wages Paid To Inmates Rile Labor Leaders ('Des Moines Register'
Says Iowa Labor Leaders Are Complaining That Some State Prisoners
Are Being Hired By Private Industries At Higher Wage Rates
Than Those Paid To Thousands Of Lawabiding Iowans)

Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 11:39:09 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US IA: Wages Paid to Inmates Rile Labor Leaders
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Carl Olsen
Source: Des Moines Register (IA)
Contact: letters@news.dmreg.com
Website: http://www.dmregister.com/
Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998
Author: William Petroski


Iowa labor leaders are complaining that some state prisoners are being
hired by private industries at higher wage rates than those paid to
thousands of lawabiding Iowans.

"It is morally wrong if a freeworld worker is making a penny less than an
inmate in prison, period," said John Rowen, president of Local 1868 of the
American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees in Polk

In Fort Madison, AFSCME union members plan an informational picket today
near the Iowa State Penitentiary to protest inmate employment programs. The
starting pay for some private sector inmate jobs is higher than that for
some prison employees, union officials said.

Iowa Corrections Director W. L. "Kip" Kautzky said Thursday that wages paid
to inmates by private employers range from $5 to $10 an hour, but most jobs
are for lower-range pay. The top wages are received by a few inmate
welders at Mount Pleasant who have special skills, he said. Federal law
prohibits Iowa from allowing inmates to take jobs normally held by so-called
"freeworld" workers, Kautzky said. The prisoners are simply filling a need
that can't be met in Iowa's tight job market, he said.

"Every one of these companies say they are interested in us only as long as
the economy limits the labor supply in such a dramatic way," Kautzky said.

Rowen and several other Iowa union officials met Thursday with Des Moines
Register editors and reporters. They expressed concerns about state
officials' plans to make Iowa a national leader in private industry
employment of prisoners.

About 145 inmates from prisons in Mitchellville, Newton, Rockwell City and
Mount Pleasant are now working for private employers. In addition, there
are plans to create 275 more jobs at the new prison in Fort Dodge.

The work varies from telemarketing chores to making sandwiches to operating
factory equipment. Employers do not provide health insurance or worker
compensation benefits.

Kautzky said the private industry program is beneficial because inmate
workers can be charged for part of the cost of their incarceration, easing
a taxpayer burden. Money is also deducted from inmate paychecks for taxes,
child support, court-ordered restitution and victims' compensation, and to
set money aside for their eventual release.

The March edition of Iowa AFL-CIO News carried an article titled "Prisoners
Stealing Your Job?" The story explained how the Iowa Legislature is
considering a proposal to spend $2.2 million to construct prison industries
buildings in Newton and Mitchellville to provide places for businesses to
establish factories.

A cartoon accompanying the article shows an unemployed person who commits a
crime out of desperation and is sent to prison, where he then gets a job.

Mark Smith, president of the Iowa Federation of Labor, AFLCIO, said he is
concerned that the state's prison job plans will hold down wages for
lawabiding, lowerpaid workers. At the very least, prison officials should
go slowly until more is known about how the plans will affect Iowa workers,
he said.

Reporter William Petroski can be reached at petroskiw@news.dmreg.com or
(515) 2848547.

The Campaign To Kill House Resolution 372
(Bulletin From Marijuana Policy Project Updates Status
Of US House Of Representatives' Anti-Medical Marijuana Resolution)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 00:27:42 -0400
From: Marijuana Policy Project 
Organization: Marijuana Policy Project
Sender: owner-mppupdates@igc.apc.org
Subject: 4/10/98 update: The campaign to kill H.Res. 372
TO: Interested.persons@igc.org

FROM: Robert D. Kampia, MPP director of government relations

DATE: Friday, April 10, 1998

SUBJECT: The campaign to kill House Resolution 372

MPP recently turned up the heat in its campaign to oppose House
Resolution 372, holding simultaneous protests in Los Angeles and
Washington, D.C., on March 30 that resulted in a marijuana-using
patient getting arrested in an act of civil disobedience in a
congressional office. (Please see below for details.)

As reported in MPP's last legislative update on March 27, the
U.S. House of Representatives has delayed its vote on House
Resolution 372, the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution, until
Tuesday, April 21, at the earliest. This would be the first ever
congressional vote on medicinal marijuana legislation. (Please note
that the abbreviation for this resolution is "H. Res. 372," not
"H.R. 372.") If you are a patient, doctor, or otherwise have a
personal story to tell about medicinal marijuana, please call the
office of your U.S. representative to schedule a meeting while he or
she is visiting his or her office near your home town during the
April 4 - 20 congressional recess. Please call MPP for background
materials to take to the meeting.

Since MPP's last update, the opposition to House Resolution 372
has grown:

* The March 19 protest outside of the office of U.S. Rep. Bill
McCollum (R-FL) -- the sponsor of House Resolution 372 -- was
covered by the _Tampa Tribune_, _Orlando Weekly_, WESH-TV in
Orlando, 89.1 FM in Gainesville, University of Florida public
radio, and Tampa public radio.

* MPP helped launch a similar protest outside the office of
U.S. Rep. Jim Rogan (R-CA) in Pasadena on March 30. Rep. Rogan
flip-flopped on the medicinal marijuana issue by voting for
House Resolution 372 in committee on March 4, 1998, even though
he voted for positive medicinal marijuana legislation in the
California legislature in 1995.

* MPP also organized a protest inside Rep. Rogan's office on
Capitol Hill the same day. Cheryl Miller, who suffers from
multiple sclerosis, traveled from her home in New Jersey to
Washington, D.C., with her husband Jim to protest House
Resolution 372. In an act of civil disobedience, Jim fed
marijuana to Cheryl in front of 20 TV cameras and a dozen other
reporters. (To view footage of this protest on-line, please see
http://www.mpp.org/millers.html.) The two were arrested and
released two hours later; Cheryl now faces six months in D.C.
jail. This arrest and the Los Angeles protest were covered by:

-- CNN, ABC's _World News This Morning_, and Fox News Channel's
_Fox News Now_;

-- WBZ-AM and WFXT-TV (Boston); WJBK-TV (Detroit); KABC-TV,
KCAL-TV, KNBC-TV, and KTLA-TV (Los Angeles); WINS-AM
(New York); KGW-TV (Portland); KX-TV (Sacramento); KING-TV
(Seattle); KTVI-TV (St. Louis); News Channel 8, WJLA-TV, and
WRC-TV (Washington, D.C.); and

-- _USA Today_, _Los Angeles Times_, _Orlando Sentinel_,
_Glendale News-Press Leader_, _Pasadena Star-News_, and
AP's on-line "video of the day."

* On April 3, _AIDS Treatment News_, based in San Francisco,
published MPP's legislative update in its twice-monthly
newsletter. Additionally, MPP received word from AIDS Treatment
Initiatives in Atlanta that it is opposing House Resolution
372. Other health, medical, and patient-services groups are
encouraged to contact MPP if they oppose this resolution.

* MPP allies and members are getting their letters-to-the-editor
opposing House Resolution 372 published in their local
newspapers. For a sample letter-to-the-editor, please see

While MPP is lobbying against House Resolution 372 on Capitol
Hill, we cannot stop it without your help. By expressing your strong
opposition now, we can kill this resolution if and when it reaches the
House floor. House Resolution 372 states, in part, the following:

"The U.S. House of Representatives is opposed to legalizing
marijuana ... a dangerous and addictive drug ... for medicinal
use, and urges the defeat of state initiatives which would seek
to legalize marijuana for medicinal use."

Please call, fax, or write and say the following: "I am [writing/
calling] to urge [you/Representative _________] to vote against
House Resolution 372, the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution.
I believe patients should be allowed to use medicinal marijuana if
their doctors approve of such use. At the very least, Congress should
not take any action on this issue until the Institute of Medicine
completes its review of medicinal marijuana this coming December."
(Institute of Medicine's phone number is 202-334-1805.)


To find out the name of your U.S. representative (on the Web):

First, find out your ZIP+4 ...

Then, use it to get the name of your U.S. representative ...

TO CALL: To call your U.S. representative's office, please call the
congressional switchboard operator at 202-225-3121. The
operator will ask you for your zip code if you do not know
who your U.S. representative is.

TO FAX: To fax your U.S. representative, please call your U.S.
representative's office or e-mail MPP@MPP.ORG for his or
her fax number. If you choose to e-mail MPP, please be sure
to include your U.S. representative's name.

TO WRITE: U.S. Rep. [name]
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515

TO E-MAIL: Please DO NOT e-mail your U.S. representative unless you
have already called or faxed.


For up-to-date information on the status of House Resolution 372
and how to oppose it, please visit the MPP's World Wide Web site
at http://www.mpp.org/la031398.html.



To support the MPP's work and receive the quarterly
"Marijuana Policy Report," please send $25.00 annual
membership dues to:

Marijuana Policy Project (MPP)
P.O. Box 77492
Capitol Hill
Washington, D.C. 20013

202-232-0442 FAX

Rebuttal Of House Resolution 372 - A Case Of Mistaken Identity
('The Nation' Provides A Point-By-Point Refutation
Of The Anti-Medical Marijuana Resolution To Be Voted On
By The US House Of Representatives April 21)
Link to earlier story
Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 09:30:22 -0700 To: mapnews@mapinc.org From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson) Subject: MN: US: Rebuttal of H. Res. 372- A Case of Mistaken Identity Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Newshawk: Ed Glick Source: The Nation (US) Contact: letters@thenation.com Website: http://www.thenation.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 Author: Ed Glick, RN REBUTTAL OF H. RES 372 - A CASE OF MISTAKEN IDENTIDY Introduction H. Res.. 372 was introduced in the House of Representatives on February 26, 1998. It constitutes a "sense of the House of Representatives that marijuana is a dangerous and addictive drug and should not be legalized for medicinal use." This paper is a rebuttal of H. res. 372 and an argument that marijuana has several extensively documented applications and a high safety margin with medically supervised use. In addition it refutes the rhetorical tool of of connecting the issues of substance use and abuse to medically supervised use as inconsistent with the accepted protocols which govern the medical research process. It questions the underlying legal, moral and political priorities which criminalize sick, suffering and dying people for their medically supervised use of marijuana as fundamentally inconsistent with basic tenets of nursing practice which strive to care for and support ill people with compassion. Each rebuttal paragraph corresponds to the item of the same number in the text. The vote on H. Res.. 372 is tentatively scheduled for Tuesday, April 21'st, 1998. 1. The Controlled Substances Act was signed into Law in 1970 by President Richard Nixon. It classifies certain drugs or substances with a high potential for abuse into schedules. There are 5 schedules which represent graded levels of control. Schedule one is for drugs which do not meet any of the three basic requirements of listing: 1.No recognized medical value; 2. Toxic; 3. Highly dependence forming Schedule one placement of marijuana is inappropriate on two of the three parameters. Numerous scientific studies document five notable uses. (anti seizure effects, anti nausea effects, appetite stimulant effects, analgesic effects and intraocular pressure reduction effects.) In 1987 DEA Chief Administrative Law Judge Francis Young conducted extensive and well documented hearings into marijuanas placement into Schedule 1. He subsequently ruled that marijuana should be immediately reclassified into schedule 2 His ruling was dismissed by DEA Administrator John Lawn claiming the evidence was not scientific enough. In the intervening decade documentation about the therapeutic uses of cannabinoids (the chemicals in marijuana responsible for its effects) has increased including numerous books, research papers and patient accounts. 2. Marijuana use is not associated with domestic violence when used alone. Alcohol is. Marijuana is ranked as one of the least toxic drugs in wide-spread use today. There is no documented mortality associated with acute overdose of cannabis in the medical literature encompassing 5000 years of use. In contrast, four hundred-thousand Americans die each year from diseases brought on by tobacco smoking. Research citing increases in traffic accidents related to cannabis intoxication is ambiguous at best. Some studies show that drivers intoxicated by marijuana actually compensate for their impairment by driving more carefully. Alcohol use is clearly associated with more aggressive driving patterns. Obvious wisdom would dictate that driving while under the influence of ANY drug is foolish. 3. This paragraph in H. Res. 372 expands upon and repeats paragraph 1. Research clearly shows that medical complications of Heroin, PCP, and Cocaine use can be severe and life-threatening. Approximately twenty-five thousand Americans die each year from complications of illegal drug use such as heart attacks and strokes. Medical contraindications of marijuana relate to a large extent on inhaling as the route of delivery. Pulmonary complications such as bronchitis, and respiratory infections can and do occur. Immune impairments are probably minimal, with some studies showing enhanced immunity. Cognitive impairments can occur to some heavy conic users-most notably reversible short-term memory deficits. Cannabis Dependence Syndrome is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders (DSM-IV) as an affliction based upon inability to control use. Reproductive research is far from conclusive, and has often been based upon large doses of cannabinoids infused rapidly into rodents. Research purporting to prove the existence of withdrawal symptoms also is based upon wildly unrealistic research protocols in rodents. There is no documented malignant pathology (cancer) associated with exposure to marijuana in humans in spite of the fact that marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful combustion by-products as tobacco smoke. Large scale mortality research has shown no increase in mortality associated with marijuana use when confounding variables are considered. By far the greatest contra-indication to marijuana is that associated with its illegal status. These include arrest, prosecution, loss of home and employment, fines, jail time and child protective service investigations. 4. Dronabinol, known by the trade name Marinol is a synthetic version of the THC molecule-one of the major cannabinoids. It is approved for use by the FDA as a schedule 2 drug for appetite stimulation related to AIDS wasting syndrome and as an anitemetic in cancer chemotherapy. Marinol costs $15 or more per capsule and is dispensed in 2.5 mg, 5 mg and 10 mg doses in a sesame oil formulation. It is effective for some patients however others prefer the ease and speed of the inhaled route. The lungs deliver cannabinoids to the brain in 1-10 minutes allowing patients to easily self regulate the dose and effect. Marinol may take 3 hours to digest and patients complain of excessive sedation, dizziness. Patients who are nauseated often cannot tolerate pills. Phase 3 clinical trials by the FDA have not been conducted in spite of much evidence of efficacy. In February 1997 The National Institute of Health conducted an inquiry about medical uses of marijuana and concluded that several indications merit further study. 5. Marijuana has an extensively documented history of medical use spanning 5000 years. Marijuana was widely prescribed by physicians in Europe and America as a tincture (an alcohol based preparation) until its use was effectively banned in 1937 by passage of the Marihuana Tax Act. In western medical science drugs are evaluated primarily for efficacy. Many obscure, dangerous and potent drugs exist and are used when necessasary by physicians. 6. Numerous governmental and scientific commissions have publicly positioned themselves in support of a medically supervised and regulated supply of marijuana. These include The World Health Organization, and many physician and nursing groups. Unfortunately, decades of Federal Government obstruction has confused Americans. 7. In November of 1996 voters in the states of Arizona and California approved initiatives which legalize marijuana for medical use. Shortly thereafter, on December 30th 1996, HHS Secretary Donna Shalala, National Drug Coordinator Barry McCaffery and Attorney General Janet Reno conducted a press conference openly threatening to revoke the DEA license of doctors who prescribe marijuana to their patients. Doctors filed suit and gained an injunction forbidding Federal authorities from carrying through on their threat. 8. Shortly after Arizona voters approved of the medical use of marijuana legislators in Arizona passed legislation nullifying the vote. Voters refiled another petition to bring the question to a vote. Arizonans will again vote on the issue this November. 9. In the United States there are no laws which completely forbid citizens of one state from financially supporting legislative or political efforts underway in another state. Millions of dollars cross state lines each year for many different issues. 10. Organizations like the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) have long supported compassionate use of marijuana when governmental and health care agencies have not. Many other pro-legalization groups have advocated for reform of laws surrounding the war on drugs. Public support of medical marijuana may be a result of widespread experience of loved ones, family members and friends who have benefited by using marijuana. Americans overall oppose unregulated access to marijuana but continue to support medically supervised access. 11., 12. Many children in the United States have drug abuse problems. Many parents do also. Problems of addiction in the United States cost billions of dollars annually and result in approximately half a million deaths. Billions more dollars are spent in interdiction efforts. Drug availability on the street remains high, prices for hard drugs have fallen and purity has increased. Marijuana use in children has risen in recent years partly because of a perception of safety. But many children appear confused about the mixed messages they receive about substance use in our society. These messages that connect legal drug use with prosperity, glamour and health are pervasive. The DARE program, ostensibly a medical class taught by law enforcement personnel, is in 80% of public schools. It has repeatedly been shown as ineffective at teaching children the risks and benefits associated with all drugs. There is simply no logical connection between safe and effective drugs used under medical supervision and their potential for abuse by others, a point repeatedly acknowledged by governmental commissions. 13. References to statistical associations between marijuana use and hard drugs are misleading and inconclusive. The 1997 National Drug Strategy reports that some 80% of marijuana users do not use hard drugs. Increased use of hard drugs by marijuana using teenagers can be explained by looking at personality types which are more risk-taking. Troubled youths coming from troubled homes are more likely to behave in anti-social or unhealthy ways-including using marijuana. This does not make marijuana a causative agent in the progression to more deadly substances. There is no biochemical connection between marijuana use and the use of other substances. Marijuana users are more likely to drink alcohol. It is absurd to assert that marijuana use leads to alcohol use, or vice-versa. The gateway theory has been repeatedly used as a pretext for marijuana prohibition. It has been discredited by studies which describe it as faulty logic with no basis in fact. There is a statistical association with alcohol use and violence. Alcohol works on parts of the brain which affect self-control. This is a biochemical explanation. Tobacco use over many years is statistically associated with cancer. This also is a biochemical association. Cocaine, Heroin, PCP and Methamphetamine use is statistically and causally related to a variety of medical complications including death. IV injection of drugs with contaminated syringes has a clear statistical association with increases in the transmission of the AIDS virus. Use of marijuana by children does not lead to hard drugs. Government interdiction efforts which strive to end the massive flow of drugs into the United States however seem to be statistically correlated with increases in hard drug use in this country. 14. In US society children receive many ambiguous messages regarding sexual activity, drug use, and money through practically all mass media but particularly through television. But cultural messages which glamorize drug use have nothing to do with medically supervised access to a valuable medicine. Marijuana occupies a niche along with thousands of other plants and drugs. Appropriate medical use of a drug does not glamorize inappropriate use of it and is a spurious argument. On the other hand, deceptive emotional laden rhetoric which persistently assigns moral overtones to a medical or public health issue is a disservice to Americans who depend on their government to be honest. Many other public health or medical issues have been mischaracterized by politicians, mostly republicans, as breakdowns in moral fabric, including passing out condoms, sterile needles and elective abortion. Not only does this deceive Americans, but it neglects to evaluate public health issues on a balanced playing field. There is widespread addiction , mortality, morbidity and suffering associated with substance use. Legal behaviors kill half a million Americans each year. 15. 16. Many Americans, particularly teenagers are distrustful of the Federal Government. Poor quality politically motivated drug education epitomized by the DARE program, serves to cultivate ignorance, apathy and distrust of the Federal Government. Inequities in public health policy abound. Children perceive an illogical association between the high rate of legal tobacco related death and the non-existent death associated with illegal marijuana. In addition, children have seen first hand how loved ones have benefited from using marijuana, or watched them slowly die from using tobacco. As such, the more Americans understand about the medical use of marijuana, the more they approve of it. It is mostly conservative politicians and Federal Government agencies which continue a long tradition of misinforming the public about the beneficial uses of marijuana. As a result, large numbers of patients endure arrest, and prosecution because of their use of it. CONCLUSION H. Res. 372 represents an attempt to maintain polarization in the debate about medical marijuana and illegal drug use by disregarding a large body of evidence which supports medically justified use. Many of the assertions made in H. Res. 372 are either demonstrably false, or casually unrelated to the risk/benefit assessment that governs drug research and use in this country. It fails to place the relatively small issue of medical marijuana into a balanced perspective of drug use and addiction in our society. By deflecting attention away from public health behaviors which cause an alarming degree of mortality and morbidity, like tobacco use, H. Res. 372 serves to misinform the public. Americans , and particularly children are distrustful and cynical about government. Large numbers of sick and dying patients are currently using marijuana for documented relief of several conditions. Federal attempts to criminalize patients, and their health care providers result in more pain and suffering, a more intrusive Federal Government and a more cynical and uninformed public. Within the medical framework of the United States compassion and knowledge should be integrated. Disallowing a valuable medicine for poorly documented and morally dubious reasons is inconsistent with the basic cornerstones of medical care. Edward Glick, RN

Uncommon Practice ('San Francisco Chronicle' Examines 'Off-Label'
Drug Prescribing By Doctors In The United States - FDA Regulations
Allow Any Drug Approved For One Condition To Be Freely Prescribed
For Any Other Condition, As Long As The Doctor Sees A Benefit -
Fully Half Of All Prescription Drugs Sold Are Used For Ailments
Other Than Those They Were Approved For)

Date: Sat, 11 Apr 1998 09:37:17 -0700
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
From: jwjohnson@netmagic.net (Joel W. Johnson)
Subject: MN: US: Uncommon Practice
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Newshawk: Gerald Sutliff 
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: Fri, 10 Apr 1998
Author: Carl T. Hall, Chronicle Staff Writer


Patients going beyond drug's label to treat their ailments

Dr. Richard Glogau doesn't have the FDA's blessing when he injects
patients' armpits with botulism toxin to treat their problems with excess

But the San Francisco dermatologist administers the unorthodox treatment
regularly winning raves from drenched hyperhidrosis sufferers, a byline in
an upcoming issue of the Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and even a few
visits from intrigued network news shows.

"This is a significant advance for patients," he said.

It also highlights one of the more peculiar features of the American
medical system: Fully half of all prescription drugs sold are used for
aliments other than those they were approved to treat.

Glogan and his patients are pioneers in what's known as "off-label" drug
use. That refers to any use other than that listed on the Food & Drug
Administration approved product description. FDA regulations allow any drug
approved for one condition to be freely prescribed for any other condition,
as long as the doctor sees a benefit.

There's no solid proof of safety and efficacy, but patients often are the
last ones to complain.

"I was desperate," said Brandon Burg, 30, a San Francisco
medical-management software consultant bedeviled since childhood by wildly
overactive sweat glands.

Multiple rounds of painful cutting, scraping and liposuction didn't work.
Ready to try anything, Burg found his way to Glogau's clinic at the
University of California at San Francisco and soon was undergoing
injections of a drug called Botox.

It's sold by Irvin based Allergan Inc. with full approval of the FDA. But
the only FDA-sanctioned use, based on extensive, rigorously controlled
clinical trials, is to control certain nervous disorders affecting muscles
of the eyelids and face.

Botulism toxin is deadly at full strength - a much feared agent of
biological warfare that paralyzes victims in seconds. But in its dilute
form, the same toxin can be used safely to tame overactive nerve junctions
in the muscles.

Along with at least two other researchers showing similar results, Glogau
found that Botox also keeps sweat glands under control, inhibiting the
neurotransmitter that causes muscles surrounding the glands to contract.
The only drawback so far seems to be that the effect wears off in a few
months, forcing patients back for repeat treatments. Each round of
injections costs $600 to $1,000.

>From the standpoint of practitioners like Glogau, there's no reason to wait
for the government's permission to do what he can to help people.

"That's not how medicine operates," he said.

Glogau notes that only about half of his patients' insurance companies are
willing to pay for what some consider an experimental cosmetic procedure.

The FDA system doesn't allow Allergan to proclaim Botox's efficacy in
fighting sweat - unless the company is willing to finance full-blown
c~mical trials of Botox for sweat control.

Which it isn't.

Instead, Allergan is studying Botox as a treatment for cerebral palsy,
migraine headache, adult spasticity, spi~al cord in-jury and lower back

"You want to take a look at the bigger markets obviously because they bring
are-turn on your investment faster," said an Allergan spokesman. "Excess
sweating af-fects a narrow range of the population. It's not a place where
we have placed a lot of research money."

In fact, the company can't even say very much about what independent
researchers are doing. Even while drug ads flourish on TV, manufacturers
are strictly forbidden to discuss off-label uses of their products. This
policy is supposed to provide an incentive for the company to undergo
expensive product testing.

Now, though, the restrictions are starting to ease.

Congress ordered the FDA to implement new rules by November that allow
companies to hand out unsolicited copies of materials on off label drug
use. However, only medical-journal articles and other specialty materials
can be distributed, and then only if the drugmaker undertakes a clinical
trial within three years.

"There's an open question as to how much this will change things," said
Michael Landa, staff attorney at Fenwick & West in WashingtQn, D.C.

Some legal specialists charge the new law doesn't go nearly far enough,
suggesting there's no reason to restrict the free flow of information to
physicians trained to digest it.

"There's a natural conservatism among physicians, a built-in skepticism
about any new drug or untried use of an old drug," said Jonathan Emord, a
Washington, D.C., lawyer representing doctors and some health-product

"Not many doctors are eager to be on the cutting edge experimenting with
human beings as guinea pigs. There are some cases where they have no
choice. To fear the dissemination of science to scientists is just absurd,"
Emord said.

But most drugmakers seem reluctant to press the point, partly because the
1997 law eased other restrictions, such as those on advertising, that they
had chafed against, partly because doctors can find all the information
they need and then some just by searching the Internet.

"I haven't heard many complaints," said Carl Feldbaum, president of the
Biotechnology Industry Organization. He called the new change on off label
information "a careful compromise."

Many patient groups wanted the off-label rules lifted altogether, but
consumer advocates maintain it would be a big mistake to give manufacturers
free rein.

"The system is supposed to provide an incentive to conduct studies, and
this amounts to an end-run around the system," said Arthur Levin, director
of the Center for Medical Consumers, an advocacy group based in New York.

Boston Radio Show (Ron Smith At WBAL Says While American Anti-Drug Boss
Barry McCaffrey And Top Mexican Crime Officials Were Giving A Briefing
Tuesday Inside The Mexican Foreign Ministry Building In Mexico City,
A CNN Camera Crew Outside In The Parking Lot Was Robbed Of A $25,000 Camera
And Other Equipment)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 17:28:51 -0700 (PDT)
From: bc616@scn.org (Darral Good)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Reply-To: bc616@scn.org
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Email Ron Smith
[2] rsmith@wbal.com

Friday, April 10, 1998

Friends don't let friends...

Things aren't going all that well south of the border...down Mexico
way. A CNN camera crew discovered that first-hand Tuesday when they
left the Mexican foreign Ministry building and were held up at
gunpoint with numerous bystanders, including police, looking on. The
TV people were relieved of a $25,000 camera and other equipment. The
robbery took place while American anti-drug boss Barry McCaffrey and
top Mexican crime officials were giving a briefing inside. A CNN
spokesman said the incident took place within a foreign ministry
parking lot, but the Mexican government issued a statement saying the
robbery took place at a nearby car park. A bit embarrassing, dont you
think? Its part of the routine in Mexico City, however, especially
since the peso was devalued in 1994. Crime is the big Mexican growth
industry, compounded by a corrupt and inefficient police force. The
State Department has issued a warning to US citizens not to take taxis
down there since New York real estate agent Peter Zarate was murdered
in a taxi-cab robbery last December. Last week an American woman was
raped and murdered on a beach in southern Mexico. The Victim, a former
art instructor at Yale University had been bitten, raped, and thrown
into the sea. These and numerous other incidents, which are not well
publicized in this country, have led some folks to conclude that
friends dont let friends vacation in Mexico.

copyright (c) 1998 - wbal radio


1. http://wbal.com/shows_smith.htm
2. mailto:rsmith@wbal.com

Edmonton Police Claims Of Major Crime Rings And International Conspiracies
Are Just An Effort To Procure Money For A War On Marijuana Growers
(Letter To Editor Of 'Edmonton Sun' By Canadian Man
Charged With Marijuana Cultivation)

From: creator@islandnet.com (Matt Elrod)
To: mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com
Subject: LTE: Edmonton Sun
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 11:48:52 -0700
Newshawk: Carey Ker 
Source: Edmonton Sun
Contact: sun.letters@ccinet.ab.ca
Pubdate: April 10, 1998
Comment: Parenthetical remarks are the Sun editor's

I WAS charged by the Edmonton city police with marijuana cultivation. The
next day on the news they were linking me to a major crime ring and
international conspiracy. These, however, are not the facts. In the police
effort to procure money for a war on marijuana growers, I feel they are
also targeting Joe Average who goes to work and pays his taxes. This, I
feel, is not right because although my reasons for smoking are medicinal,
I'm not going to lie to you and tell you I don't enjoy it.

I guess the question I would like to ask Canadians is, "Do they believe Joe
Average should be in jail for growing his own marijuana?" And second, "Do
they believe one single person ever quit smoking marijuana because they
were charged with a marijuana offence?" In my 25 years of smoking marijuana
and the last three years of growing and researching marijuana, I can
honestly tell you the two bad things smoking marijuana can do to you and
the benefits that are too numerous to mention. I'm asking on behalf of all
Canadians, please do not let the police persecute the little man.

Harland Calliou

(That may be a pipe dream, Harland. It is against the law to possess

Re - That Pot Problem (Letter Sent To Editor Of 'Edmonton Sun'
Faults Staff Editorial Opposing Both Medical Marijuana
And Decriminalisation Because They Would Send Mixed Messages)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 12:52:30 -0700
Subject: SENT:That pot problem
From: "D. Harper" (cozmi@shaw.wave.ca)
To: mattalk (mattalk@listserv.islandnet.com)

I know this is probably too long, but had to get my two cents in.


To The Editor:

When I began reading "That pot problem," Apr. 6, I was elated to hear
another voice of reason coming from mainstream journalism in Alberta. But
the words "Yes, we're being facetious" slammed me back to reality.

How many of you smoke tobacco, drink alcohol, or ingest prescription drugs
for whatever reason? Did it ever occur to you how hypocritical you are to
the silent majority out here who are getting weary of it?

If you factor in the 600,000 with cannabis convictions and a low estimate of
5 family members and 5 friends, co-workers, etc. also affected, it amounts
to over half the population of this country that have been impacted by this
mean-spirited legislation, and that is the real problem.

You admit to being uncompassionate to the sick and that is a crime before
God in almost anyoneıs book. How can you justify your support for
prohibiting something that has never directly caused a single death in
5,0000 years? What kind of medical evidence do you need? Name me one other
drug that can make that claim.

Wake up people! We have enough stress in our lives without bureaucrats
treating us like children. Government imposed parental authority over
adults forces many to live perpetually as rebellious teen-agers.Remove the
stigma and shame so families will no longer have to go through this

Just let us live as adults too. If the government wonıt do anything I pray
the Supreme Court will. We have to have some hope for a future without

D. L. Harper

Dutch Research On Cannabis Use (Correspondent In The Netherlands
Notes The University Of Amsterdam Has Just Released Findings
Which Show Official Estimates Of Cannabis Use In The Netherlands -
Already Among The Lowest In Europe - Are Much Too High)
Link to earlier story
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 13:16:44 +0200 To: press@drugtext.nl From: mario lap Subject: dutch research on cannabis use Friday 10 April 1998 The University of Amsterdam has just released findings which show that the official estimations on cannabis use in the Netherlands are much too high. As asserted by other Dutch experts such as the Trimbos Insitute the number of cannabis users in The netherlands is to be estimated at 300 to 400.000 on a population of 15.000.000. Official documents (government) up to now had a figure of 600.000 which research now shows way too high mario The drugtext press list. News on substance use related issues, drugs and drug policy webmaster@drugtext.nl

The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 37
(The Drug Reform Coordination Network's News Summary For Activists
Features 11 Original Articles Including - Free Todd McCormick Rally Monday,
April 13, In Los Angeles; Needle Exchange Funding Band Decision
To Be Released Within Two Weeks; 'It's The Pain, Stupid' - Kevorkian, Pain,
And The DEA; Update On Drug And Harm Reduction Policies In Central
And Eastern Europe And The Newly Independent States; German Doctors Vote
In Favor Of Heroin Prescription; Medical And Public Health Organizations
Oppose Criminalization Of Pregnant Addicts; And, Vaclav Havel's Second
Prague Spring, By Adam J. Smith)

Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 07:40:15 EDT
Originator: drc-natl@drcnet.org
Sender: drc-natl@drcnet.org
From: DRCNet (manager@drcnet.org)
To: Multiple recipients of list (drc-natl@drcnet.org)
Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #37



(To sign off this list, mailto:listproc@drcnet.org with the
line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or
mailto:drcnet@drcnet.org for assistance. To subscribe to
this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.)

SPRINGFIELD, MASS: Springfield Harm Reduction Conference
Friday 4/10 (today), 9am - 4pm, Springfield Marriott
corner of Boland & Columbus Ave., FREE

LOS ANGELES: Free Todd McCormick Rally!
Monday, April 13, 1998, 6:30pm, Federal Courthouse, Downtown
L.A., Main St. near Temple St. For info and background, see

OKLAHOMA CITY: Free Will Foster rally! Capitol Building,
April 20, 4:00pm (mistakenly reported as noon last week).
Info: Call OK NORML at (405) 366-8058, or visit

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA: Sensible Solutions to the Urban
Drug Problem, A Fraser Institute Conference, April 21
Info: Patrick Basham, (604) 688-0221 x329
pbasham@istar.ca, http://www.fraserinstitute.ca

JOIN DRCNET: $25 or more for one-year membership plus free
copy of Marijuana Myths, Marijuana Facts, this month only!
http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html or mail to DRCNet, 2000 P
St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Donations not

(DRCNet apologizes for the double posting last week, which
was due to a technical error -- you're not subscribed
twice, unless you received four copies!)














- Adam J. Smith

The Presidential Advisory Commission on HIV/AIDS was all set
to vote (4/9) on a resolution which would have demanded that
the President direct Secretary of Health and Human Services
Donna Shalala either make a determination regarding the ban
on federal funding for syringe exchange, or resign. That
vote, however, has been put on hold in the wake of
information that a decision is forthcoming.

Sources familiar with the situation told the Week Online
that President Clinton's Chief of Staff, Erskine Bowles,
called commission chairman Dr. Scott Hitt on the eve of the
vote to tell him that Secretary Shalala is "supportive of
the issue" of exchange, and that HHS' internal review would
be complete and a decision announced within two weeks.
While the White House has not guaranteed what the decision
would be, the Commission has decided to table any action on
the resolution pending prompt action by Shalala.

The Department of Health and Human Services did not return
calls for comment.

In a letter that was leaked to Congress and the New York
Times last week in which Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey indicated
his opposition to lifting the ban, McCaffrey pointed to two
Canadian studies as evidence that syringe exchange does not
necessarily prevent, and may actually increase HIV
transmission. Syringe exchange opponents in Congress also
pointed to the studies as evidence mitigating against
lifting the ban. On Thursday, April 9, however, Drs. Julie
Bruneau and Martin T. Schechter, the authors of the studies,
published an op-ed in the Times claiming that the officials
had misinterpreted the research and that factors such as the
population sample, the type of drugs injected (cocaine,
which is generally injected far more frequently by users
than heroin) and the under-provision of exchange services
were responsible for the high transmission rates that the
studies reported.


- David Borden

The American Civil Liberties of Northern California sent a
letter last week to the Oakland City Council, notifying them
of a recent opinion issued by the Legislative Counsel of
California which concluded that the City of Oakland's
vehicle seizure and forfeiture ordinance "is void as
contradictory to state law."

At issue is an ordinance titled "Operation Beat Feet", which
the Oakland Police Department has utilized to seize and sell
automobiles allegedly used to solicit acts of prostitution
or acquire illegal drugs -- even when there is no criminal
conviction. State law prohibits forfeiture in such cases,
except when following conviction and proof of guilt beyond a
reasonable doubt. For more info on the Oakland issue, visit

On the national front, Forfeiture Endangers American Rights
(FEAR) reports that HR 1965, a bill that would have further
increased federal powers and weakened citizens' protections
against property seizure, has been abandoned by its sponsor,
Rep. Henry Hyde.

Hyde's support for HR 1965, a bill drafted in close
consultation with the Dept. of Justice, was considered by
forfeiture reform advocates to be odd, given his formerly
strong advocacy on behalf of reform, including authoring of
a book, "Forfeiting Our Property Rights: Is Your Property
Safe from Seizure?", published by the Cato Institute,
endorsed in a press conference by the ACLU, and his
sponsorship of HR 1835, a decent forfeiture reform bill
supported by advocates. Hyde's apparently contradictory
positions led to speculation (unconfirmed) that he may have
been misled by staff members, or that the illness and death
of his wife may have been a contributing factor in his
misjudging DOJ's bill.

Hyde is again supporting HR 1835, but forfeiture reform is
still very much an uphill battle. For further information
on forfeiture and how to get involved in reform efforts,
visit FEAR's web site at http://www.fear.org.

(Two important books on asset forfeiture are Henry Hyde's
book, mentioned above, and "A License to Steal: The
Forfeiture of Property", by Leonard W. Levy, professor of
law at the University of North Carolina. Both books can be
purchased from amazon.com by following the links from
DRCNet will earn 15% of your purchase price on Levy's book
but not Hyde's. The Hyde book can also be purchased
directly from the Cato Institute, http://www.cato.org.)


- adapted from NORML weekly news, http://www.norml.org/

The Senate approved a "sense of the Senate" resolution on
April 3 denying funding for any future medical marijuana
research projects. The amendment, introduced by Sen.
Gordon Smith (R-OR), is included in Senate Concurrent
Resolution 86, a measure outlining Congressional budgets for
the next five years. Although the amendment is not legally
binding, the resolution may influence Congress when
determining funding levels for health and research programs.
NORML Executive Director R. Keith Stroup said, "This
amendment is a slap in the face to respected scientific and
medical institutions such as the National Institutes of
Health, the American Medical Association, the National
Academy of Sciences, the American Cancer Society, and
others -- all of which have recently urged the federal
government to facilitate clinical trials to better determine
marijuana's therapeutic potential."
Senate Amendment 2180 states that "no funds appropriated by
Congress should be used to... fund or support, or to compel
any individual, institution, or government entity to...
support any item, good, benefit, program, or service, for
the purpose of marijuana for medicinal purposes." Smith
argued that his amendment will help ensure that America's
children are not sent mixed messages on drug use."

Currently, all scientific protocols to examine marijuana's
medical potential must receive federal funds. According to
Rick Doblin -- head of the Multidisciplinary Association for
Psychedelic Studies -- this is because the only legal
supplier of marijuana for research purposes remains the
National Institute on Drug Abuse, and that agency will only
consider providing marijuana to projects that have
passed the NIH grant review process. NIH is currently
funding only one study regarding marijuana's medical
Senate Con. Res. 86 now goes to the House for consideration.

For more information, contact either Paul Armentano or Keith
Stroup of NORML at (202) 483-5500.


- Troy Dayton

On April 2, Lake County, California district attorney
Stephen Hedstrom slapped Yvette Rubio with felony counts of
possession and cultivation of marijuana for sale. Rubio was
arrested last fall. Rubio was supplying marijuana to
Cherrie Lovett, medical marijuana patient and founder of the
Ukiah Cannabis Buyers' Club. Rubio cultivated the plants
assuming she was covered by Proposition 215, the 1996
initiative legalizing the medicinal use of marijuana.

The 51 plants were surrounded by fences with copies of a
contract identifying the crop as a supply for a cannabis
buyers club. If convicted, Yvette Rubio could face three
years in state prison.

Rubio's property lies on the border between Lake County and
Mendocino County. Mendocino County's Board of Supervisors
has written letters and passed resolutions denouncing
federal opposition to the Ukiah CBC. Evidently, Lake County
does not feel the same way.

Marvin Lehrman, Director of the Ukiah CBC told the Week
Online, "This is a big step backward. We were moving in the
other direction. People in need are getting relief from
this plant. I can't understand why anyone would want our
potential suppliers prosecuted. Luckily, for our patients,
we were able to find other sources." Rubio, however, is not
as lucky.

According to the Santa Rosa Press Democrat, Lake County
district attorney Stephen Hedstrom maintains that his
actions are within the guidelines of Prop. 215. According
to Hedstrom, the recent ruling against Dennis Peron of the
San Francisco Cannabis Cultivators Club makes it clear that
marijuana cannot be grown as a commercial enterprise.
Hedstrom claims he waited for the outcome of the Peron case
before deciding whether to prosecute Rubio.

"We are not a commercial enterprise. We are a volunteer,
not-for-profit organization, dedicated to providing patients
with safe, affordable marijuana in a safe environment under
a law passed by the majority of Californians," said Lehrman.

Rubio's attorney, David Nelson, told the Press Democrat,
"What we don't like is the felony prosecution. She's got
plans in her life. She wants to go to school. It's a


- David Borden

A March 16 Boston Globe article reported that Bill
Connaughton of West Roxbury, Massachusetts, known as
"BostonBill" in the online chat rooms that he organized for
people with fibromyalgia, became the 98th client of Dr.
Kevorkian. BostonBill was active to the end, providing
advice, encouragement and support to his fellow patients
through the net. Hence, his sudden end was a shock to the
online patient community.

The Globe article, which can be accessed by visiting
http://www.boston.com and going to keyword "BostonBill",
discussed and quoted extensively from the ensuing online
debate over physician-assisted suicide (though in a letter
distributed posthumously, BostonBill explained that he
considered it to be submitting to euthanasia, rather than
suicide, considered a sin in his religion, Catholicism.

A side of the issue not discussed, however, was the reason
so many chronic pain patients consider the suicide option:
undertreatment of pain. In a post on the Usenet titled
"It's the Pain, Stupid", an individual, perhaps another
patient, wrote:

"I just feel I need to shout out how sad it is that a
fibromyalgia patient has to resort to Dr. Kevorkian for
relief from his pain. If we didn't have so many doctors
scared to prescribe the medicine necessary to relieve the
pain, BostonBill would still be alive today, helping others
in need and advancing the cause to find a cure for this DD.
I think it is just about criminal to let patients suffer
when there are meds available."

In 1996 DRCNet reported on the case of Dr. William Hurwitz,
a Virginia physician whose license was revoked for pain
treatment practices that were lauded by experts but
considered controversial by the state's Board of Medicine
(see http://www.drcnet.org/guide10-96/pain.html to read
about the incident and the harassment suffered by some of
his former patients at the hands of DEA agents). Hurwitz
followed the principle that the appropriate dose of
medication for a pain patient is the dose that relieves the
patient's pain.

In a dramatic turnaround last year, the board, with many of
the same members, restored Hurwitz's license to practice
medicine and prescribe controlled substances, and voiced
their approval of Hurwitz's general method of pain control.
Hurwitz is still not back in business, however, as the DEA
has continued to withhold his federal controlled substances
license, leading some pain patient advocates to conclude
that the DEA is the enemy in the fight for pain relief.
Skip Baker, President of the American Society for Action on
Pain (ASAP), commented, "that pain could have been
controlled if Dr. Hurwitz was permitted by the DEA to do his
life saving work the DEA is now blocking... It's not a
matter of physician assisted suicide, it's a matter of no
pain control in America making physician assisted suicide

ASAP is a patient support network advocating for adequate
use of opioids (narcotics) in pain treatment. Check them
out at http://www.actiononpain.org and read about ASAP's
March on Washington this June.


- Adam J. Smith

Vaclav Havel, legendary fighter for freedom and human rights
and now President of the Czech Republic, has vetoed a bill
this week (4/6/98) which would have banned possession of
drugs for personal use in that country. Havel cited human
rights concerns. Spokesman Ladislav Spacek told Reuter's
News Service, "The President reached the opinion that the
law would lead to the prosecution of victims rather than
culprits." Reuter's also reports that experts have warned
the Czech president that such a law would drive up drug
prices, fueling crime, and that criminalized addicts would
be less likely to seek treatment.

NOTE: See this week's editorial.


- Jean Paul Grund for DRCNet

These are interesting times for drug policy in Central and
Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Newly Independent States (NIS).
In the Russian federation, rather draconian drug laws have
recently been passed which will turn providers of needle
exchange or substitution treatment into criminals -- even
discussing safer drug use practices with an injection drug
user could be construed as "inciting to use drugs" under the
new law -- and have disastrous consequences for the
prevention of AIDS and Hepatitis C. Meanwhile, we are
witnessing the dawn of an explosive HIV epidemic in Russia,
which will make the epidemic in the U.S. look futile.

On the other hand, countries like Poland, Hungary, and
Lithuania seem bound on a more pragmatic path. All three
countries recently introduced legislation which allows for
(increasing) substitution treatment with methadone, and, in
Lithuania, other opioid agonists. In the Czech Republic and
Slovakia, methadone treatment was introduced in 1997. This
treatment is also available in Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia,
Latvia and Estonia. While Poland recently criminalized
possession of drugs, it exempted small quantities for
personal use. In the Ukraine, which is confronted with an
immense injection-related HIV epidemic, the Deputy Minister
of Justice recently signed a statement that harm reduction
interventions are not in contradiction with the national
legislation of the country.

The latest decision of President Vaclav Havel to veto the
law banning possession of drugs for personal use, citing
human rights concerns, is definitively a victory for common
sense and pragmatic drug policy. This is a very promising
action, especially when taken by a revered man such as
Havel, but it does not come totally out of the blue. While
the prohibitionist forces are definitively part of the
policy spectrum in the Czech Republic, it seems that at
present drug policy is made by people with pragmatic and
harm reduction oriented attitudes. Pavel Bem, for example,
the chairman of the national drug commission (the Czech drug
czar), is a young psychiatrist and a very sophisticated
thinker. Likewise, drug services in Prague are increasingly
working with harm reduction models and cannabis use seems to
be tolerated and not a reason for major concern.

During my recent visit to the Czech Republic I witnessed
rather open use of this drug in several music clubs. In my
view the drug policy situation in the Czech Republic
resembles the situation in the Netherlands in the 1980s.
Perhaps the country can become an example for sensible and
pragmatic drug policy for the whole CEE region. I don't
know what it's worth as an indicator, but until now, there
is hardly any injecting related HIV reported in the Czech

(Jean-Paul C. Grund, Ph.D. is Director of International
Harm Reduction Development for the Lindesmith Center, a
project of the Open Society Institute. You can find them
on the web at http://www.lindesmith.org.)


- Adam J. Smith

The British Medical Journal (4/4) reported that the German
Medical Council has voted unanimously in favor of allowing
heroin to be prescribed to long-term addicts. The issue
will now go to the Minister of Justice, with the Council's
recommendation, for approval. Council member Dr. Ingo
Flenker told the BMJ that the doctors were influenced by the
results of the Swiss maintenance trials, in which over 1,000
addicts were given access to the drug over a three year
period. The results of that experiment are considered by
the Swiss to be overwhelmingly positive, with marked
improvement in housing, employment, admissions to treatment,
health and mortality among participants.

The BMJ further reports that a poll, taken by the German
newspaper Die Woche, found that 55% of Germans support
making the drug available to hard core addicts under a
doctor's supervision.

Dr. Ethan Nadelmann, Director of the Lindesmith Center, a
drug policy think tank, told the Week Online, "The Swiss
experiment proved that heroin maintenance can be a
successful part of an overall policy aimed at reducing the
harms of substance abuse both to the user and to society.
It is truly encouraging that the German Medical Council has
followed the science, rather than ideology in making this
recommendation. With more and more countries, Australia,
the Netherlands, Denmark, Luxembourg and now Germany
expressing interest in replicating the Swiss model, and
assuming that the results of future trials are similar to
what we have already seen, it's going to be difficult for
countries like the U.S. to continue to denigrate this
modality and to dismiss it out of hand."

(The First International Conference on Heroin Maintenance
will take place on June 6, at the New York Academy of
Medicine, 5th Ave. and 103rd St. in Manhattan. For
information, contact the Lindesmith Center at (212) 548-0695
or e-mail lbeniquez@sorosny.org.)

If you missed our story on how Swiss voters overwhelmingly
approved of heroin maintenance, check it out at
And if you missed our story on back-door U.S. pressure on
Australia to not conduct a similar trial, check it out at


- David Borden

The current issue of the Drug Policy Letter, publication of
the Drug Policy Foundation, focuses on the topic "Women and
Drugs". Articles include "Women and Treatment", by Marsha
Rosenbaum, discussing the biases and shortcomings faced by
women seeking treatment; "Dorothy Gaines: Guilt by
Association", by Rob Stewart, the story of an innocent woman
serving a 19-year, 7-month sentence for conspiracy to
distribute crack cocaine; "Caught in the Crossfire", by
Robin Lloyd, chair of the Drug Policy Committee of the
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, on the
Colombian women's movement opposing aerial fumigation of
coca fields and the increasing presence of the Colombian
military; "The Price of Principle", statement of Sherry
Hearn, a former high school teacher in Chatham County,
Georgia who was subjected to persecution after criticizing
the school and local police's random, lockdown searches in
the schools; an essay by Scott Ehlers on the women's repeal
movement, based on a book by Kenneth D. Rose, American Women
and the Repeal of Prohibition.

"In Their Own Words", by Whitney Taylor, features
conversations with members of the Bridgeport Needle Exchange
Program's Women's Group, a group of 50 women in various
stages of use, recovery and abstinence. Insights shared by
members of the group, gained from their real-world
experience, verify the claims made by reformers and medical
and public health groups that fear of the system drives
pregnant women drug users away from the treatment services
and prenatal and other health care that they and their
children need. "Here in Connecticut," says a woman named
Kathy, "if a woman is pregnant and she has a heroin habit
and she going into the hospital to have her child, they will
take her children away... It is making them go further and
further out into the street. They're afraid."

"The United Nations & the Taliban", by Karynn Fish,
describes the unholy alliance between the United Nations
Drug Control Program and the extremist religious group that
has seized control of two-thirds of Afghanistan and has
institutionalized a system of extreme discrimination against
women (see http://drcnet.org/rapid/1997/12-5-1.html#taleban
for background). The UNDCP's plan to fund the barbaric
Taliban is one of the issues to be protested during the
Global Days Against the Drug War this June 6-8 -- see
http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/globalcoalition/ for more
information and to sign on.

To join the Drug Policy Foundation and subscribe to the Drug
Policy Letter, send $25 or more for annual membership dues
to: DPF, 4455 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite B-500, Washington,
DC 20008, or sign up online at http://www.dpf.org, or
write or call (202) 537-5005 for a sample copy.


- David Borden

Last November we reported that the South Carolina Supreme
Court had upheld an 8-year prison sentence for a woman whose
newborn child tested positive for cocaine from her cocaine
use. This week, a coalition of physicians, health advocacy
groups and drug treatment providers filed a "friend of the
court" brief with the U.S. Supreme Court today opposing
Whitner v State, a South Carolina Supreme Court decision
which allows a woman to be criminally prosecuted for conduct
during her pregnancy.

According to Margaret W. Crawford, Board Chair of The
Alliance for South Carolina's Children, "This case is about
ensuring newborns a healthy future. South Carolina's
Attorney General Charles Condon thinks jail will deter
substance abuse. However, treatment centers are already
reporting that far fewer women are seeking treatment and
prenatal care due to this policy -- causing further harm to
women, children and families."

Daniel Abrahamson, Director of Legal Affairs for The
Lindesmith Center, stated, "Mr. Condon has ignored the
countless pleas of physicians and alcohol and drug treatment
providers to treat, not prosecute, pregnant women suffering
from chemical dependence. Now, the women and children most
in need of help are suffering horribly as a result of Mr.
Condon's misguided and draconian policies."

Among the medical groups and public health organizations
submitting the brief are the American College of
Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Nurses
Association and the American Medical Women's Association.
For the full list of signatories, a fact sheet on the
Whitner case, a fact sheet on cocaine and pregnancy, and
selected news articles about the case, visit the Lindesmith
Center's Office of Legal Affairs web site at


11. EDITORIAL: Vaclav Havel's Second Prague Spring

In the Czech Republic last week, Vaclav Havel, true to his
history, took a courageous stand for liberty, human rights,
and the rational ordering of society when he vetoed a bill
which would have criminalized the possession of drugs for
personal use. In doing so, he cited not only the cruelty of
punishing the victim, but also the absurdity of driving up
prices, fostering crime and empowering the forces of the
black market. Havel, a writer and intellectual, played an
active role in the democratization and renewal of culture
that took place in 1968, helping to usher in a brief moment
of freedom in Czechoslovakia before the Soviet tanks rolled
in to reassert their dominance and put an end to that now-
legendary Prague Spring.

Much has changed since 1968. Havel, who was jailed by the
Communists as a dissident, is now the President of the Czech
Republic. And although its dominance over Havel and his
compatriots lasted for another twenty-one years, the Soviet
Empire, unable to maintain their control over information in
an age in which walls could no longer keep out words, is no
more. But in vetoing that bill, in refusing to subvert the
rights and the well-being of people to the dictates of
ideology, Havel, and the world, may very well find that it
is 1968 once again, and that the tanks are gathering at the
gates, preparing to crush a rising rebellion.

Across the globe, the movement to end the Drug War is
growing. And just as Alexander Dubcek, Vaclav Havel and a
generation of Czechs were responding to the failures and the
oppression of Communist rule, so too today's dissidents are
responding to the failures and oppression of the Drug War.
But now as then there is much at stake for the ideologues:
money, careers, power, control. And now as then, dissent
itself poses a real threat to an ideology without
intellectual or moral legitimacy.

In June, the United Nations will hold its first-ever Special
Session on Narcotics. Far from an open discussion of the
impact and effectiveness of the global war, the agenda will
be tightly controlled. Its mission, as stated, is to
encourage greater international cooperation and wider
participation in the war effort. Vaclav Havel's writings
during his years under Communist rule often spoke to the
intellectual contortions of people striving to function
under an obviously flawed and illogical system. At the UN,
a similar display is in the offing as the Session's
attendees attempt to ignore the fact that the enemies in
their war -- a global criminal network, legions of corrupted
officials and institutions, and the proliferation of
dangerous and addictive substances -- have all been either
exacerbated or created entirely by the very system that the
session is designed to perpetuate.

Ironically, it is the United States, arch-enemy of the old
Soviet empire, that is the driving force behind the global
Drug War. Domestically, the war has made the U.S. the
world's number one per capita incarcerator, highlighted by
an astounding one in three young African-American males
under criminal justice supervision. That such oppression
has failed to reduce the availability of drugs has only made
the prohibitionists more determined. According to America's
Republican Congressional leadership, legislation will be
introduced this spring which will outline "a World War II-
style" effort to replace the "half-hearted" and "weak"
status quo. Internationally, the prosecution of the war has
led the U.S. to steadily increase its military involvement
in Latin America, including arms and personnel sent into a
35 year-old Colombian civil war -- a war which has grown
exponentially as the native coca crop has been alchemized by
prohibition -- and a planned "Hemispheric Anti-Narcotics"
military base in Panama.

It is illustrative that Drug War dissenters within the U.S.
have often faced Soviet-style silencing. In 1993, Surgeon
General Jocelyn Elders was first marginalized, and
ultimately forced to resign after suggesting that the
legalization of drugs be studied. In 1994, Representative
Gerald Solomon sponsored a bill which would have stripped
the tax-exempt status of any non-profit organization
advocating the legalization of drugs. In 1996, California
Attorney General Dan Lungren held a press conference to urge
that the nation's newspapers refuse to run a Doonesbury
comic strip supportive of a state medical marijuana
initiative. And over the past two years, Barry McCaffrey,
dispensing the powers of the aptly named office of the "Drug
Czar", has met several times with American media executives
to lay out the government's views on the proper and improper
depiction of drugs and the people who use them.

Despite, or rather because of the escalating and heavy-
handed methods of the U.S.-led Drug War, voices of dissent
are rising up not only in America but around the world. It
is becoming quite apparent that this dissent, and the
obvious failure to which it points, have made the
prohibitionists desperate to prove that their system can
work. Their only possible response, given their lack of
success at the current level of repression, and their
steadfast support of the prohibitionist model, will be to

This week, Vaclav Havel stood up once again for the rights,
the freedoms and the dignity of Man. As in 1968, his action
comes amidst a growing spirit of reform, and a sense of hope
that an age of repression is ending. But now as then the
ideologues cannot allow the reform movement to grow, and the
forces of repression, this time American-led, will
undoubtedly respond. But instead of the Czechs, standing in
the path of the coming onslaught will be the peoples of
Central and South America, of Central Asia, of the United
States, and of any nation that follows her lead.

Make no mistake, the current ascendancy of reform is but
another Prague Spring, and the tanks are even now gathering
at the gates. But unlike the last time, Vaclav Havel and
the rest of the world will not have to suffer for a
generation before the ideologues fall. Because this is
1998. And today, unlike thirty years ago, we are living in
an age of electronic communication and the free flow of
information. And information is the single most potent
weapon in the fight against repression. Just ask the

Adam J. Smith
Associate Director




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