------------------------------------------------------------------- Turning The Other Cheek ('Willamette Week' Notes There Are Nearly 250 Caseworkers In The Portland Area Empowered And Obligated To Remove Children From The Homes Of Cannabis Consumers, And At Least Nine Of Them Have Criminal Convictions For Theft, Assault, Drunken Driving, Unlawful Possession Of A Weapon, Criminal Trespass, And Domestic Violence) Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Turning the Other Cheek * Why did the state hire someone with a history of crime and domestic violence to help protect children? BY MAUREEN O'HAGAN email@example.com Context: There are nearly 250 SCF caseworkers in the Portland area. WW discovered eight other Portland-area SCF caseworkers who had either criminal convictions or domestic violence issues, although no one had a history as extensive as Briden's. The other workers' convictions include theft, assault, drunken driving, unlawful possession of a weapon and criminal trespass. *** Since 1994, Southeast Portland resident Joseph Briden has made life-and-death decisions about the fate of Oregon's most defenseless residents. As a caseworker for the state office of Services for Children and Families, he's counseled parents, placed kids in foster care and helped decide when a home is safe enough for a child to return. Last year, the 43-year-old caseworker took a new role at the agency: He became a client. In January 1997, the state took legal custody of Briden's 11-year-old son, who had been living with the boy's mother. About six months later, the state allowed the boy to live with Briden, but didn't relinquish its legal jurisdiction over him until last month. It may be a leap to argue that Briden is an unfit parent and therefore an unfit SCF caseworker. But a review of Briden's history does raise the question of why he got hired by SCF in the first place. He has several criminal convictions on his record, he has a history of alcohol abuse and he has faced accusations of domestic violence both before and after being hired as a child protective worker. Briden's criminal record goes back at least two decades. Between 1978 and 1983, Briden has been charged with driving under the influence of intoxicants, driving with a suspended license, fourth-degree assault and theft, among other things. According to the state Department of Corrections, he spent time in prison for his driving violations. During one of his incarcerations, Briden left jail on a temporary "pass" but did not return; he was later charged with escape. While he was AWOL, Briden was charged with attempted rape. According to a police report, Briden had been drinking with a friend at the Arlington Hotel in downtown Portland on Jan. 18, 1981. At the time, a woman Briden did not know was taking a bath in the ladies' restroom, which was in the hall of the residential hotel. (The hotel rooms did not have private bathrooms.) Briden entered the bathroom and accosted the woman, trying to pull her from the tub. "[The suspect] started grabbing [the woman's] breasts and started choking her and yelling at her to 'shut up,'" the Portland police officer wrote. "[The woman] kept screaming and [suspect] said 'you know what I want'...[The woman] says that this went on for a good 10 minutes before [suspect] finally left the bathroom." Briden did not deny to officers that he was in the women's bathroom or that he grabbed the woman. According to the report, he told them, "I was just lookin' at her. You know...having some fun." But he denies that he wanted to have sex with her. "Mr. Briden indicated to Detective Lind that if he was going to rape the victim he would have," the report said. After a jury trial, he was found not guilty of the charge. Ann Niederehe, the personnel director for SCF, says the agency does a criminal background check on all potential employees, but Briden's past would not automatically disqualify him. Niederehe, who has ultimate responsibility for all hires, says she makes her decisions on a case-by-case basis by looking at how long it has been since the crimes were committed, the nature of the crime and other factors. "An earlier conviction does not necessarily preclude someone from employment," she says. "If we or any employer demanded 100 percent records that had no indication of ever having any criminal history, there would be a lot more people who wouldn't be employed." Niederehe's decision to hire Briden despite his criminal history relates, in part, to the fact that he worked hard to improve his life, even earning a master's degree in social work from Portland State University a few years ago. She also notes that his most recent conviction was more than a decade ago. But allegations of domestic violence have been made much more recently. In 1992 court papers related to their divorce, his ex-wife Claria Pinnecoose claimed he "treated her cruelly, causing her great marital distress [and] bodily injury." In 1995 a girlfriend, Ronis Belgarde, persuaded a judge to issue a restraining order against Briden because of physical abuse. "He has threatened suicide on several occasions," the court order says. Belgarde told the court that Briden hurt her several times, by choking her, pushing her and throwing things at her. The restraining order was served in January 1996, while Briden was a temporary SCF employee. Nine months later, the agency hired him as a permanent full-time caseworker. In 1997, Karen Terrebonne, Briden's second wife, obtained a restraining order against him related to several incidents in 1996. According to the court order, he "restrained me from leaving, grabbed my neck, sat on me with his knees on my shoulders, bruised my jawbone, throat and wrists, threaten to cigarette burn and beat my face." A good part of Briden's job requires him to deal with domestic-violence issues. Out in the field, for example, he must assess whether a father is abusing his wife and whether that puts the children in danger. Niederehe concedes that caseworkers who are personally involved with domestic violence, whether as victims or perpetrators, could have a difficult time doing their job properly. Yet Niederehe says that a history of domestic violence does not preclude someone from being hired as a caseworker. Even more troubling, Niederehe says that even if caseworkers' behavior at home is egregious, it's next to impossible to fire them. She says union contracts and case law have consistently supported employees. "We need to [see] whether there is any connection between that [behavior at home] and the person's job with the agency," she told WW. To state Sen. Kate Brown, a lawyer who until recently specialized in child-abuse cases, that's outrageous. "I'm extremely concerned that the agency would continue to employ caseworkers who have ongoing domestic-violence issues to work in child protective services," she told WW. Briden's domestic problems spilled into the workplace last year, when the agency took legal custody of his son. State public records laws protect the information contained in child-dependency cases, so the details of Briden's parenting problems are sketchy. From public documents, WW was able to piece together this much: In January 1997, Briden's 12-year-old son was living with his mother, Christine Kennerly. She told SCF that the boy physically abused her. Under normal circumstances, according to Paul Drews, the Portland-area regional manager for SCF, the agency would consider a non-custodial parent like Briden a "resource." In this case, however, SCF--for reasons that are not clear--determined that it was not appropriate to place the boy with Briden. It took a year for SCF to terminate its jurisdiction over the case. At a March 1998 hearing, Deputy District Attorney Amy Holmes Hehn told the court that she supports Briden getting custody of the boy, but she still has concerns. "My worry is Mr. Briden hasn't followed through on anything he's been asked to do," she said. According to court testimony, the family's situation has improved, although Briden had not followed through on the plan he had agreed upon with his caseworker, and witnesses testified that he still has problems controlling his anger. "We're not in an ideal perfect point in time, but that's the way it is," caseworker Chuck Warren told the court. Drews says that although he supervises the SCF office where Briden works, he didn't know the details of Briden's own SCF case or of his criminal history until WW's phone calls. "I'm concerned," he says. Originally published: Willamette Week - April 29, 1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- US School Is A Vital Tool (Letter To The Editor Of 'Willamette Week' From The Public Affairs Officer For The School Of The Americas Criticizes The Portland Weekly For Making A 'Hero' Of A Protestor Imprisoned For Interfering With The Military School's Mission Of 'Providing Counter-Drug Operations Training, Our Primary Focus Now') Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Letters (4/29/98) U.S. SCHOOL IS A VITAL TOOL I just read Patty Wentz's article on Christopher Jones and the U.S. Army School of the Americas ["Student Deferral," March 25, 1998] and felt I should respond. Your feature portrays Jones as a grassroots hero, which is far from the truth. Mr. Jones violated federal law, was arrested, charged, convicted and sentenced by the federal court. He was well within his right as a citizen of the United States to voice his opinion, but not on federal property. As for the U.S. Army School of the Americas, it is a vital tool in the implementation of U.S. foreign policy and in meeting the U.S. security objectives in the hemisphere. Additionally, the school is responsible for providing counter-drug operations training, our primary focus now, and a mission which is helping to impede the flow of narcotics into our nation. The school is helping to make our streets safer for our families and our friends. This training also includes mandatory human rights instruction in each and every course--extremely important in professionaling militaries around the world. In closing, I would like to say that I had hoped that your article would have granted equal coverage to both sides of the issue, but it sadly did not. As a former student of journalism, and as a public relations practioner, I thought that a middle-of-the-road approach was the norm, not the exception. I would like to invite your staff to visit the school in the near future and see for yourself the truth about this institution. I'm sure your readers would also appreciate the fact that you would cover both sides of the issue. Capt. Kevin McIver, Public Affairs Officer U.S. Army School of the Americas
------------------------------------------------------------------- State Again Asks Court To Shut Down Cannabis Club ('San Francisco Examiner' Says California Attorney General Dan Lungren Asked Superior Court Judge William Cahill Tuesday For A Temporary Restraining Order Against The San Francisco Cannabis Healing Center, Dennis Peron's Former Club Now Run By 79-Year-Old Hazel Rodgers) Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 18:20:21 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Melodi Cornett
Subject: MN: US CA: State Again Asks Court To Shut Down Cannabis Club Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Author: Eric Brazil STATE AGAIN ASKS COURT TO SHUT DOWN CANNABIS CLUB Attorney general's office contends renaming is fig leaf The state of California is renewing its 2-year-old battle to close San Francisco's biggest marijuana dispensary, but the Cannabis Healing Center -- formerly the Cannabis Cultivators Club -- keeps dodging bullets. Tuesday, the attorney general's office went to court seeking a temporary restraining order to remove the club's director and her property -- which would presumably include a large amount of marijuana -- and close the operation down. Superior Court Judge William Cahill, picked to hear the case after two other judges were disqualified, one by each side, said he'd think about restraining conduct at the center that offends its neighbors. But he indicated that the issue of shutting down the 1444 Market St. operation could best be handled at a full-fledged injunction hearing June 5. Senior Assistant Attorney General John Gordnier argued that the Cannabis Healing Center was "a drug house," that its director Hazel Rodgers was "no different than any other drug dealer" and that it was an illegal operation that should be shut down. Defense attorney J. David Nick countered that the center was legal under Proposition 215 as a primary caregiver dispensing medical marijuana to desperately ill patients. To comply with a court order, Dennis Peron, founder of the center, formally quit as its director April 17 and handed the leadership to Rodgers. Gordnier said the 79-year-old Rodgers, who suffers from glaucoma and occasionally uses marijuana, was "nothing more than a straw person acting on Mr. Peron's behalf." Gordnier also presented an affidavit from Victor Zachariah, 93, who controls the Zachariah Family Trust, which owns the building occupied by the cannabis club. In his affidavit, Zachariah said he wanted the club shut down. "I do not wish to have my property used for selling, serving, growing or cultivating marijuana or any other illegal drug," Zachariah said. "I do not wish to continue renting the premises to him (Peron)." Gordnier also presented several affidavits from the center's neighbors, who labeled the club and the crowds of marijuana users who congregate in front of it daily a public nuisance. Nick said the club would not oppose any restraining order requiring it to maintain an outside atmosphere that won't offend neighbors. Cahill indicated he would probably issue the limited order. (c)1998 San Francisco Examiner
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judge To Decide Fate Of New Pot Club Today ('San Francisco Chronicle' Version) Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 11:41:50 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Melodi Cornett
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge to Decide Fate Of New Pot Club Today Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Jaxon Van Derbeken JUDGE TO DECIDE FATE OF NEW POT CLUB TODAY Superior Court Judge William Cahill is expected to decide today whether to close San Francisco's Cannabis Healing Center, the latest incarnation of the medical marijuana club shut down earlier this month by court order. Attorney General Dan Lungren is asking for a temporary restraining order against the center, contending that it is merely a sham to thwart a court-ordered closure of the Cannabis Cultivators Club. In court yesterday, Cahill heard conflicting arguments that the new center is either an illegal ``drug house'' or a legal operation providing care to people in need of medicinal marijuana. J. David Nick, the center's attorney, said its current operator, Hazel Rodgers, is a legally authorized ``caregiver'' to 300 to 500 patients a day who rely on the medically authorized use of the drug for their illnesses. The Cannabis Healing Center occupies the same storefront that the now-closed Cannabis Cultivators Club did. The 79-year-old Rodgers began operating the center the day after club founder Dennis Peron closed the club on April 20. Both Rodgers and Peron were on the Cannabis Cultivators Club lease at the time that it was closed. Nick said Rodgers gives individualized care to those ``suffering from the most ghastly type of diseases possible.'' John Gordnier, the senior assistant attorney general who argued the case, told the court that Rodgers was ``nothing more than a straw person acting on Mr. Peron's behalf'' to get around the court-ordered closure. Gordnier said that the center is ``in egregious violation of the law'' and that Rodgers cannot provide individualized care to the thousands of people who come to the center. He said such individualized care is required to be in compliance with the law. Cahill said he intends to at least curb what goes on outside the center, given complaints by neighboring businesses of dealings out front. ``Whatever the courts wants done, we are willing to do,'' Nick said. Meanwhile, the center's landlord served a 30-day eviction notice against the Market Street operation, saying he does not want his property used to distribute marijuana. The landlord had leased the location to the Cannabis Cultivators Club but now says he is seeking to evict the new center to avoid further legal complications. ``I don't want them out, but that's the way it has to be,'' said 93-year-old Victor Zachariah. ``I don't want any legal problems. I don't want any trouble at all.'' In court papers, Zachariah said he fears retaliation for his decision to evict the center. He said he does not want his property used for ``selling, serving, giving away, cultivating marijuana, or any other illegal drugs.'' (c)1998 San Francisco Chronicle
------------------------------------------------------------------- San Francisco Cannabis Center Faces New Crisis ('San Jose Mercury News' Version) Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 01:45:04 -0400 To: email@example.com From: Melodi Cornett
Subject: MN: S.F. Cannabis Center Faces New Crisis Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ S.F. CANNABIS CENTER FACES NEW CRISIS Medicinal pot: Attorney general's spokesman says the reopened club is `continuing . . . an outlaw operation.' SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters)-- The San Francisco medicinal marijuana club that earlier this month sidestepped an order to shut down faced new legal problems Tuesday as a judge considered whether to hit it with a fresh restraining order. Superior Court Judge William Cahill said he will rule today on whether the San Francisco Cannabis Healing Center, now headed by 79-year-old Hazel Rodgers, will have to cease operations. State Attorney General Dan Lungren asked for the temporary restraining order after the club circumvented an earlier order to close by shutting its doors for a day and then reopening under a different name. ``It is continuing the legacy of an outlaw operation,'' said Rob Stutzman, a Lungren spokesman. ``Just because they changed the name on the door doesn't change the fact that they are violating California law.'' Rodgers, who uses marijuana to treat her glaucoma, was named to head the new organization, replacing longtime chief Dennis Peron, who has been engaged in a long struggle with Lungren over interpretation of California's 1996 law legalizing the medicinal use of marijuana. The law, approved by 56 percent of the state's voters, allows marijuana to be used on a doctor's advice for treating the symptoms of AIDS, cancer and other serious diseases. But state and federal authorities have raised legal objections to the clubs that distribute the drug. Earlier this month, Judge David Garcia ordered Peron to close his Cannabis Cultivators Club after he determined that the organization was selling marijuana to healthy caregivers rather than to the patients themselves. Peron agreed to close but arranged for the new Healing Center to take over in the same premises the following day, with Rodgers at the helm, at least on paper. ``It is going to be a tragedy for some people,'' Rodgers said of official efforts to close the club. ``They use marijuana to help stay alive.'' California courts have already ruled that primary caregivers are covered by the rules and regulations of Proposition 215. The Santa Clara County Medical Cannabis Center and several of the state's other 20-odd medicinal marijuana dispensaries have been unaffected by those rulings. The Justice Department has also taken the clubs before a federal judge, demanding that they be closed for violation of federal drug laws. But the clubs have won strong support from local officials, who say the federal government should respect the will of California's voters and allow local governments time to develop a system to monitor club operations. San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown and city District Attorney Terence Hallinan have been particularly strong supporters, going as far as to suggest the city itself could step in to supply marijuana to patients if the clubs are forced to close.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Legal Victory For San Francisco Marijuana Club ('Reuters' Says San Francisco's Main Medical Marijuana Club Scored An Unexpected Legal Victory Wednesday When Superior Court Judge William Cahill Refused California Attorney General Dan Lungren's Request For An Immediate Injunction To Close It Down) Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 10:36:58 -0700 (PDT) From: Ben
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: MN: US CA: Wire: Legal Victory For San Francisco Marijuana Club (fwd) Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: David Hadorn and Frank S. World Source: Reuters Pubdate: Wednesday, 29 Apr 1998 LEGAL VICTORY FOR SAN FRANCISCO MARIJUANA CLUB SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - San Francisco's main medical marijuana club scored an unexpected legal victory Wednesday when a judge refused California Attorney General Dan Lungren's demand for a legal order to close it down. Superior Court Judge William Cahill said there was not enough evidence to warrant a restraining order against the club, the main source of marijuana for some 9,000 people suffering from AIDS, cancer and other diseases. Cahill, who heard lawyers for both sides Tuesday, then scheduled a fresh hearing on the issue for early June. The decision was hailed by medical marijuana supporters, who have fought to keep the club operating despite repeated efforts by both state and federal officials to close it. "I'm delighted," said Hazel Rodgers, the 79-year-old who now heads the club. "It will give us some breathing room and allow us to stay open for a month and allow us to serve our thousands of sick and dying patients." Officials in Lungren's office, meanwhile, vowed to continue their efforts to run the club out of business. "The judge says he needs more evidence, we'll be happy to go and get it," said Lungren spokesman Rob Stutzman. "All we have to establish is that they are selling marijuana, which means they will be breaking the law." The battle over the San Francisco Cannabis Healing Center marks the latest skirmish over interpretations of California's 1996 law which legalized the medical use of marijuana if prescribed by a doctor. Lungren says the club has overstepped the limits of the law and has become a "drug house" selling pot to the public at large. This month he obtained a court order shutting down the club's predecessor -- the San Francisco Cannabis Cultivators Club -- but the organization opened again the next day with a new name on the door. Club founder and long-time medical marijuana proponent Denis Peron also stepped aside, handing the reins to Rodgers, a grandmother who uses marijuana to treat her glaucoma. Dismissed by Lungren's office as a "straw person" fronting for Peron, Rodgers is proving to be a sympathetic figure. "Our patients, and there must be 9,000 of them, if they don't have this place for them to get legal medical marijuana they'll have to become criminals, or at least take chances and do it out on the street," she said after Cahill's ruling.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Capitol Rally Opposes Marijuana Ballot Issue ('Rocky Mountain News' Says Former US Drug Czar Bill Bennett Led The Rally At The Colorado Capitol Tuesday In Opposition To A November Ballot Proposal And Said Pot Has No Medical Benefits) Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 15:28:36 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Olafur Brentmar
Subject: MN: US CO: Capitol Rally Opposes Marijuana Ballot Issue Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: GDaurer Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: Rocky Mountain News (CO) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://insidedenver.com/news/ Author: John Sanko Rocky Mountain News Capitol Bureau CAPITOL RALLY OPPOSES MARIJUANA BALLOT ISSUE Ex-Drug Czar Bennett Joins Protest, Says Pot Has No Medical Benefits Former U.S. drug czar Bill Bennett led a rally Tuesday to urge opposition to a November ballot proposal to legalize marijuana for "debilitating medical conditions." Joined at the Capitol by law officers, prosecutors and legislators, Bennett argued that the measure was nothing more than a foot in the door to legalize marijuana. "Although it's couched in terms of medical use, the eventual result will be increased drug use," said Bennett, whose comments on the Statehouse steps came only minutes after the Senate voted 29-3 for a resolution opposing "any effort to mandate in the Constitution of Colorado that marijuana be described as medicine." But opposition from the Senate and other opponents won't stop the measure from getting on the ballot, if Coloradoans for Medical Rights gets enough petition signatures to the Secretary of State's office. Group members Marty Chilcutt and Dr. Marshall Stiles III have taken steps for a ballot measure but have not collected the more than 55,000 signatures needed. The proposal -- which has also been criticized by those who want more broad-range uses of marijuana -- limits how much marijuana a person can possess and requires that a patient meet all criteria, including a physician's authorization. It could be used for conditions such as cancer, glaucoma, AIDS and other illnesses if a doctor declares it might benefit the patient. "I know some of the political people are opposed to it," Chilcutt said. "They need to talk to the patients -- the people that are using it medically. I've talked to patients with epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and cancer." Rally participants included State Treasurer Bill Owens and businessman Terry Walker, both Republican candidates for governor; District Attorneys Bill Ritter of Denver and Bob Grant of Arapahoe County; Arapahoe County Sheriff Pat Sullivan; House majority leader Norma Anderson, R-Lakewood; and Senate majority leader Jeff Wells, R-Colorado Springs. "Just say no to those petition pushers," Owens said. "We don't want to follow California's lead in legalizing pot." Bennett said marijuana "has never been scientifically demonstrated to provide medical relief from any medical condition -- at the very least no more relief than other licensed drugs that are much less prone to abuse." *** NOTE: An accompanying photo shows 10-year-old Kathleen Paulsen holding a sign that says "Pot is not medicine." Not mentioned in the caption: Paulsen is the daughter of Chris Paulsen, a former legislator who is serving as a political consultant to the opposition campaign.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Appalachia's Marijuana Belt - Biggest Cash Crop In 65 Counties ('Associated Press' Article In 'Washington Post' Says 65 Counties In Kentucky, West Virginia, And Tennessee - Three Of The Five States That Comprise The 'Marijuana Belt' - The Region That Produces 90 Percent Of The Nation's Domestically Grown Marijuana - Were Designated A High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, With $6 Million Earmarked To Combat Marijuana Growth - Appalachia Is The 20th Region To Be Designated A High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Since The Program's 1990 Inception) -- Forwarded message -- Date: Wed, 6 May 1998 23:47:00 -0700 (PDT) From: Tom Boland (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Appalachia's Marijuana Belt: biggest cash crop in 65 counties http://search.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WAPO/19980429/V000095-042998-idx.html PROGRAM COMBATS MARIJUANA INDUSTRY By Kaja Perina Associated Press Writer Wednesday, April 29, 1998; 5:46 p.m. EDT WASHINGTON (AP)-- Marijuana production and distribution in Appalachia is so rampant that members of Congress declared 65 counties in Kentucky, West Virginia, and Tennessee a High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, earmarking 6 million dollars to combat marijuana growth in the region. White House Drug Policy Director Barry R. McCaffrey joined Sen. Wendell Ford, D-Ky., and Rep. Hal Rogers, R-Ky., Wednesday in announcing the creation of the Appalachia area, where task forces of state and federal officials will implement a variety of anti-drug programs. ``If we're going to get serious about winning the war on drugs, it's going to take an innovative, focused effort from all segments of our law enforcement and governmental agencies,'' Ford said Wednesday. Kentucky, West Virginia and Tennessee are three of the five states that comprise the ``Marijuana Belt'' -- the region that produces 90 percent of the nation's domestically grown marijuana. Rural poverty and an optimal climate make marijuana Appalachia's biggest cash crop. The region is also a hub for interstate drug trafficking. Appalachia is the 20th region to be designated a High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area since the program's 1990 inception. The newest area will have headquarters in London, Ky., with operation centers in each of the three states.
------------------------------------------------------------------- House Votes To Bar Federal Funds For Needle Exchange (ACLU News Says The US House Of Representatives Voted 287-140 Today To Bar Federal Funds For Needle Exchange Programs, Nine Days After President Clinton Also Ignored The Advice Of Scientists And His Own Department Of Health And Human Services) Subject: CanPat - ACLU News 04-30-98: Needle Exchange, Family Planning, More! From: email@example.com (Terry Smith) Date: Fri, 01 May 1998 17:24:32 EDT Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org -- Begin forwarded message -- From: ACLU Newsfeed Owner (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: ACLU News 04-30-98: Needle Exchange, Family Planning, More! Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 22:35:45 -0400 (EDT) *** 04-30-98 ACLU Newsfeed -- ACLU News Direct to YOU! *** IN THE ACLU NEWSROOM **The Latest News Can Always Be Found At:** http://www.aclu.org/news/pressind.html *** House Votes to Bar Fed'l Funds for Needle Exchange FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Wednesday, April 29, 1998 WASHINGTON -- Joining with the Clinton Administration in rejecting strong and convincing scientific evidence, the House of Representatives today voted to bar federal funds for needle exchange programs that help fight the spread of AIDS. Today's 287-to-140 vote in the House came nine days after President Clinton ignored advice from scientists and his own Department of Health and Human Services and rejected federal funding of needle exchange programs. "We could dramatically stem the spread of HIV today by funding needle exchange programs," said Christopher Anders, an ACLU Legislative Counsel. "But instead of saving lives, Congress and the Administration are playing politics and grandstanding on drugs." The measure approved by the House today was introduced by Rep. Gerald Solomon, R-NY. If adopted by the Senate, it would repeal a provision of an appropriations bill -- approved only five months ago -- that would allow federal funding if the administration determines that needle exchange programs are effective in preventing the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Needle exchange programs give drug addicts clean hypodermic needles in exchange for their used ones. Scientific studies have shown that the sharing of unclean needles accounts for more than one-third of AIDS cases among adults nationwide. At least seven federally funded scientific studies have concluded that needle-exchange programs work in preventing the spread of HIV without increasing drug use. And over the last decade, needle exchange programs have increased in popularity; today there are more than 100 programs in approximately 20 states. Federal officials have estimated that each day, 33 people are infected with the AIDS virus as a result of intravenous drug use, a figure that includes drug abusers, their partners and their children. Intravenous drug use is also responsible for most of the growth in the spread of AIDS, particularly among the poor and minorities. Surgeon General David Satcher recently told reporters that 40 percent of new AIDS infections in the United States are either directly or indirectly attributable to infection with contaminated needles; among women and children, the figure is 75 percent. "The numbers are as incontrovertible as the lack of political courage," Anders said. "The House of Representatives and the White House are ensuring that hundreds of thousands of Americans will unnecessarily face infection with HIV." ** Headlines of Recent Articles on the ACLU NewsWire ** http://www.aclu.org/news/newsclip.html ACLU Newsfeed American Civil Liberties Union National Office 125 Broad Street New York, New York 10004 To subscribe to the ACLU Newsfeed, send a message to email@example.com with "subscribe News" in the body of the message. To terminate your subscription, send a message to firstname.lastname@example.org with "unsubscribe News" in the body of the message. For general information about the ACLU, write to email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'Drug Crazy' - Important New Book Needs Your Support This Month (Drug Reform Coordination Network Asks You To Help Mike Gray's New Book Reach A Wider Audience) Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 16:06:42 EDT Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: DRCNet (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: DRUG CRAZY: Important New Book Needs Your Support This Month *** Drug Reform Coordination Network (DRCNet) Rapid Response Team *** (To sign off this list, mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:email@example.com for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) -- please copy and distribute -- DRCNet is pleased to inform you of the imminent publication of "DRUG CRAZY: HOW WE GOT INTO THIS MESS AND HOW WE CAN GET OUT". Drug Crazy has been published by Random House, and should be in your local bookstore any week now. Drug Crazy was written by DRCNet advisor Mike Gray, a well known author whose credits include the screenplay from the hit movie "The China Syndrome", as well as the award-winning documentaries "American Revolution II" and "The Murder of Fred Hampton". The staff of DRCNet all feel that Drug Crazy is one of the best, most exciting, readable, action-packed books about the drug war and the need for reform ever written. Adding to our excitement is the fact that DRCNet is lauded and prominently featured in the book's appendix, followed by an extensive Internet directory to the movement and other drug policy resources. If Drug Crazy goes big, it will do a lot for the issue, DRCNet, and the movement as a whole. We are writing to ask you to take a moment today or tomorrow to make one or a few brief phone calls to help make that happen. Please call your local Border's, Barnes & Noble, Crown, independent and other bookstores, ask them if they have Drug Crazy from Random House, and say thank you. It's that simple -- you don't even have to order the book (though you may as well, because it's worth it). Your inquiries will help make the stores and the publisher take note, ensuring that Drug Crazy gets prominently displayed in bookstores when Mike embarks on his nationwide book tour this June. With medical marijuana initiatives coming up in several states, and the Republicans promising to make drugs a major campaign issue, the timing couldn't be better. Help us break the information blackout and turn the tide against the drug war this year. David Borden Executive Director Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** Following are the endorsements and book jacket text: "This is an insightful book about the discriminatory nature of the drug war in America and how our politicians have converted a chronic medical problem into a criminal justice problem. It also explains how the increase in petty drug busts has been used to make politicians look tough on crime, build jail cells and deny funding for drug prevention and education programs for children." - Dr. Joycelyn Elders Former U.S. Surgeon General "Never did I think one could learn so much about the drug crisis all in one place. Mike Gray has written a book of profound compassion that nevertheless deals intelligently with the facts. Drug Crazy is an antidote for passivity." - Daniel Schorr "This book sheds real light on what is happening in American cities today and how current drug control strategies undermine our efforts to keep our kids and streets safe. Anyone who is serious about finding solutions to drug- related problems should read this book, debate it with their colleagues and demand real solutions from their elected leaders." - Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke City of Baltimore "This book tells the public what many front line police officers know from their experience - the drug war needs radical re-evaluation." - Joseph McNamara The Hoover Institution Former Police Chief, San Jose, Califonia "This urgent issue badly needs the exposure given in this book - a chilling array of facts which hopefully will move the country." - Henry Kendall, Nobel Laureate Chairman, Union of Concerned Scientists "I learned an enormous amount about the underside of drug politics from reading Drug Crazy. It is an eye-opener. The book raises controversial but reasoned suggestions for rethinking drug policy in the United States. I highly recommend this book to everyone concerned about developing an effective strategy toward drug abuse." - Alvin F. Poussaint, MD Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School Six years in the making, Drug Crazy offers a gripping account of the stunning violence, corruption, and chaos that have characterized America's drug war since its inception in 1914. Weaving a provocative analogy between the drug scene today and the failure of alcohol Prohibition in the 1920's, Drug Crazy argues that the greatest danger we face is prohibition itself. While the target of our nation's controlled substance laws may have shifted from hooch to heroin, the impact on society -discriminatory policing, demonization of the users, graft and grandstanding among law makers and law breakers - is an instant replay. Instead of Al Capone, we have Larry Hoover of Chicago's Gangster Disciples running a multi-million dollar drug syndicate out of his prison cell in Joliet. In a riveting account of how we got here, conventional wisdom is turned on its head and we find that, rather than a planned assault on the scourge of addiction, the drug war happened almost by accident, like a trunk tumbling downstairs, kicked along by political opportunists. From the explosive opening montage of undercover cops caught in a shoot-out on Chicago's south side to a humid courtroom in Malaysia where a young American faces death by hanging for possession of marijuana, Drug Crazy takes us to the front lines of the war on drugs and introduces us to a cast of villains and heroes, profiteers and victims. Among them: Pauline Morton Sabin, a Republican aristocrat who administered the coup de grace to Prohibition by leading a million women into the arms of the Democrats. Harry Anslinger, a former railroad cop who guided the Bureau of Narcotics through five administrations and engineered some of the most enduring and pernicious myths of the drug war. Pablo Escobar Gaviria, the Colombian kingpin who nailed a suspected informer with a bomb-killing him along with a hundred innocent airline passengers. From the men and women in the forward trenches, Drug Crazy brings back a grim report: the situation is deteriorating on all fronts. In a sobering tally of the cost in crime, human suffering, and cold, hard cash, it documents the failure of crop eradication in the source countries, the hopeless task of sealing the border, and the violent world of the major players. We see the steady erosion of the Bill of Rights and a grinding criminal justice mill so overwhelmed it's running a night shift. We also get a glimpse of a way out of this swamp. Lessons from Europe-and from our own experience-are pointing us toward higher ground. In Drug Crazy, Mike Gray has launched a frontal assault on America's drug war orthodoxy, and his frightening overview of the battlefield makes it clear this urgent debate must begin now. *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html on the web. Donations to DRCNet are not tax-deductible. *** DRCNet *** JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ STOP THE DRUG WAR SITE http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Focus Alert Number 62 (DrugSense Also Asks You To Help Promote Mike Gray's New Book, 'Drug Crazy') Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 17:50:59 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer
Subject: DrugSense FOCUS Alert #62 DrugSense FOCUS Alert #62 YOU can help make a reform first. "Drug Crazy" by Mike Gray could be a "Best Seller." MAKE A FEW PHONE CALLS - HELP CHANGE THE WORLD In this alert we ask you to call as many local book stores as possible to ask whether they have "Drug Crazy," When they will be able to get it, and whether they will carry it in stock. It's not what others do. It's what YOU do! *** CONTACT INFO Look in your yellow pages under "books" or "book stores". It is especially important to contact major chains. *** PLEASE SEND US A COPY OF YOUR LETTER OR TELL US WHAT YOU DID ( Letter, Phone, fax etc.) Please post your letters or report your action to the MAPTalk list if you are subscribed, or return a copy to this address by simply hitting REPLY to this FOCUS Alert or emailing to MGreer@mapinc.org *** We have a superb opportunity to launch a best selling book which will be reviewed by all of the major periodicals and will be the subject of tv and radio talk shows PROVIDED all of us lend our support at this critical juncture. Drug Crazy by Michael Gray will be available at book stores by the middle of June and it has already been pitched by the Random House sales force to the book store chains and stores throughout the nation. It is urgently important that those book stores begin to receive inquiries now so that they stock up with a number of copies. We and others will be supporting Drug Crazy with an unprecedented publicity and advertising campaign for a book on drug policy reform. But if there are no copies in the book store when the Drug Sense is released and our campaign hits, much of our efforts will be no avail. Furthermore word of strong early interest will filter back to the editors of periodicals and encourage them to review Drug Crazy. Many of you have had a chance to read the galley. I have yet to encounter any reader who wasn't enthusiastic about its release. Mike Gray has presented the reform messages in a dramatic manner which will entrance almost anyone with high school reading ability on up. Please publish in your own way the following message as often as possible to your readers: Inquire at your book stores as to when Drug Crazy by Mike Gray and published by Random House will be available so that the book stores will be encouraged to order many copies for their shelves. Also please prepare to release your own book review in June. If you would like, Kevin Zeese can make his review available to you either as a basis for your own work or for publication. I believe history will show that 1998 was the year when our movement moved from a defensive posture to the offense in many different areas. Drug Crazy is one of the best weapons we have. Let's use it. Thank you. Robert E. Field, Common Sense for Drug Policy Mark Greer Media Awareness Project (MAP) inc. d/b/a DrugSense MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/ http://www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Discussion Web (Longtime Marijuana-Law Reform Activist Carl Olsen Has Launched An Online Rastafari Discussion Forum) Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 20:10:45 -0500 To: email@example.com From: "Carl E. Olsen"
Subject: New discussion web I've got the RASTAFARI discussion web up and running again. However, all the previous content seems to have been destroyed, so it's fairly empty now. The URL is: http://olsen.drugtext.nl/jah/ Sincerely, Carl Olsen
------------------------------------------------------------------- High Court Hands Judges More Say In Drug Cases ('Washington Post' Version Of Yesterday's Supreme Court Decision In 'San Jose Mercury News') Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 01:45:46 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Melodi Cornett
Subject: MN: US: High Court Hands Judges More Say In Drug Cases Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Joan Biskupic, Washington Post HIGH COURT HANDS JUDGES MORE SAY IN DRUG CASES At issue: When both powder, rock cocaine are involved, can sentence be based on harsher crack penalties? WASHINGTON -- The Supreme Court on Tuesday gave federal judges more authority to set prison sentences in cocaine-trafficking cases. In a unanimous decision, the justices ruled that when a jury convicts a defendant of conspiring to violate federal drug laws, it falls to the judge to decide whether to base the sentence on powdered or crack cocaine if both forms of the drug were used in the crime. This can make a big difference in a defendant's sentence because crack crimes get stiffer punishment than powdered-cocaine crimes. The disparity in sentencing for powder and crack remains a contentious issue in the courts, in Congress and among prisoners and their advocates. Sentences are based largely on the weight of the drugs involved, and under current law, crack dealers get the same prison time as people who sell 100 times the amount of cocaine powder. The U.S. Sentencing Commission in 1995 proposed making the sentences for the two types of cocaine equal. But Congress rejected the proposal, with some members saying the disparity is justified by the violence accompanying some crack use. The Clinton administration has favored narrowing the different penalties (to a 10-1 ratio) but has opposed full equalization. Tuesday's ruling focused on the appeal of five Rockford, Ill., gang members who were found guilty of conspiring to sell drugs and received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life. The trial judge had told the jury that it could find the men guilty of an illegal conspiracy if it believed they were involved with either powdered cocaine or crack. Then, when the judge sentenced the men, he based the prison time on both cocaine and crack. The defendants argued that the judge should not have found that crack was involved in the conspiracy. They said when a jury issues a verdict in a multi-drug conspiracy, the judge must sentence a defendant for the drug carrying the lesser punishment or hold a new hearing on specific drug charges. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit ruled against the men. In its decision affirming the lower court Tuesday, the Supreme Court said federal law allows judges to determine which drugs were involved in ambiguous cases. ``The Sentencing Guidelines instruct the judge in a case like this one to determine both the amount and the kind of `controlled substances' for which a defendant should be held accountable -- and then to impose a sentence that varies depending upon amount and kind,'' Justice Stephen Breyer wrote for the court in Edwards vs. United States. In a separate case Tuesday, the justices heard oral arguments on whether state prisoners are covered by the Americans With Disabilities Act. Pennsylvania officials, backed by numerous states, are contending that the sweeping disabilities law is ambiguous about the scope of its coverage and that states have authority to decide their criminal codes and rules of punishments. But it appeared from the justices' questions Tuesday that they believe the law offers broad protection to people with disabilities in public facilities and programs. The case involves a state prisoner with a history of hypertension whose illness caused the state to say he couldn't participate in a boot camp offered as an alternative to confinement. A ruling in Pennsylvania Department of Corrections vs. Yeskey is likely to be handed down before the court recesses this summer.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Surgeon General Attends To Health ('USA Today' Talks To Dr. David Satcher About Why A Smaller Proportion Of Minority Teens Smoke Than Other Teens, His Role In Helping Legislate New Tobacco Policy, AIDS Prevention, Gun Violence, Alcohol And 'Narcotics' Abuse - And Even The New Drug Viagra) Date: Tue, 12 May 1998 22:11:26 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Surgeon General Attends To Health Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: Mark P. McNamara Source: USA TODAY Author: Jessica Lee of USA TODAY Pubdate: 29 April 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.usatoday.com/news/nfront.htm SURGEON GENERAL ATTENDS TO HEALTH After 10 weeks as U.S. surgeon general, a job that has become a political lightning rod, David Satcher focused his first report as the nation's top doctor on tobacco use among minorities. But Satcher insists that he'll have little role in the coming political battle over whether to pass a sweeping tobacco bill. He says his fight is to keep the public health risks of tobacco use and other unhealthy lifestyle choices before the public. Until his Feb. 13 confirmation, Satcher, 57, was director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A physician and scientist, Satcher received medical and doctoral degrees from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. He also served as president of Meharry Medical College in Nashville. In an interview with Jessica Lee of USA TODAY, Satcher discusses smoking, AIDS prevention, gun violence, alcohol and narcotics abuse - and even the new drug Viagra. Q: Why are smoking rates among minority youths rising more sharply than those among white teen-agers? A: They (minority youths) still smoke less than whites. We don't claim to know why. One of the conclusions in the report is that there is no single reason. Obviously we know that advertisement and promotion have a role. We also know there's a disproportionate impact of advertisements on minority communities. We say it's known to be a major factor, but it's not the only factor. Q: Will counteradvertising be where you try to make the biggest impact on reducing teen smoking? A: As surgeon general, most of my efforts are going to be on prevention, in terms of working with individuals and families. I support the push to reduce the appeal and the access of tobacco to youth very strongly. But the major thrust of the surgeon general will be promoting healthy lifestyles for children and families. Q: Are you going be part of the administration's lobbying effort to get Congress to pass a tobacco bill? A: Our role is to make sure we put into clear perspective the public health aspects of smoking, some of the causes, risk factors, results, some of the things that tend to work in terms of helping people quit. Q: But the smoking debate is at the political stage now. What will your role be? A: When people do political things, they also need input about the public health effects. They don't ask me to come up and talk about politics. They ask me to talk about the public health. Q: Tobacco companies are talking about freedom of choice. How will you respond to that? A: The public health response is that every day in this country 3,000 new teen-agers become smokers. More important than that, 80% of new smokers begin smoking before they are 18 years of age. So most people who become addicted to tobacco become addicted before they are old enough legally to purchase cigarettes. So obviously we need to do anything we can do to reduce the appeal of tobacco to teen-agers and the access. If it's illegal to purchase tobacco, then we have to make sure that we work to help see that's enforced, because when people become addicted to nicotine, it is not easy to quit. Seventy percent of people who smoke would like to quit. Yet every year only 2.5% of them are able to quit. Q: Some in Congress say there is more trouble with illegal drugs such as marijuana than with legal tobacco and that more federal funds should be devoted to eradicating drug abuse than tobacco use. How do you respond? A: Marijuana is illegal and dangerous and wrong. That's the message we have to send to teen-agers. There are a lot of things about marijuana that we don't know yet. It's wrong. Tobacco is not illegal, but it's illegal to sell tobacco to teen-agers. Therefore, there is illegality in the market. We hope that the FDA will be able to regulate it so it will be illegal to market to teen-agers, too. But teen-agers need to know that tobacco is a very dangerous drug. It is as addictive as cocaine, if not more so. Q: What about efforts to control alcohol use compared with those to control tobacco? A: Alcohol use, especially by children and youth, is very dangerous. There are many concerns we have about the role of alcohol in violence, the role of alcohol in indiscreet, inappropriate sexual behavior, the role of alcohol in motor vehicle crashes and other unintentional injuries. Q: On needle exchanges to reduce the transmission of HIV (the AIDS virus), is that issue dead now that the president has decided not to use federal funding? A: The first battle was to get a clear message out about what the science says about needle-exchange programs. And we did that. We clearly said that based on scientific studies, it is very clear that needle-exchange programs done properly in the context of a comprehensive prevention program can reduce the spread of this virus. No. 2, there's no evidence that in the process needle-exchange programs increased the use of drugs or encouraged the use of drugs. That message is very important to people in communities throughout this country. Regardless of what the federal government does about funding, that message helps local communities. In some cases it helps them to get state funds. In other cases it helps them to get private funds. But it gives them credibility because they now have a clear message about what the science says. So we're going to continue to spread the message. We have to educate people about injection drug use. We don't make decisions about the federal funding. Our role as scientists is to do what we did. Q: You've said teen pregnancy, violence and drug abuse will be your priorities. This week we've seen a 4-year-old shoot a 6-year-old. Is there some special campaign you'll press against gun violence? A: First, let me make sure you know what I mean when I say violence is a public health problem. I mean that violence is preventable and that it is susceptible to the public health approach. Clearly, the ease of access to guns to children, unsupervised access, is a major concern. I know that this has been politicized. The Centers for Disease Control had money taken away from it because the (National Rifle Association) said we were pushing gun control when we really were trying to talk about the public health approach. We stand by that. Even before Jonesboro, (Ark., where four middle-school students and a teacher were fatally shot March 24) we stood by it. I think it is unfortunate that we do not take seriously the responsibility that goes with having a gun in this country. And I don't want you to politicize it. Q: What do you think of this drug Viagra? A: Obviously, the problem of impotence is real for many couples. We have to help people deal with that. There are various ways to do that. It seems like for many men this new drug, and I think it's still early, has been effective. There's some question about whether it's not also effective for women. . . . We're learning more about this drug Viagra. We're getting great testimonies from men about how great it works. Sexual relationship is a very important part of the relationship between men and women, especially in the context of marriage. Ann Landers put it best: After all these years and all our discussions, what we forget is that probably the most important sexual organ is the brain. Q: What's your best experience of the 10 weeks as surgeon general? A: The most positive experience has been the response of people to having a surgeon general. It's just been overwhelming. I have thousands of invitations to speak from all 50 states and several countries outside the United States. I get a lot of letters from people raising concerns with me. Q: What's the hardest test you've faced as surgeon general? A: The most challenging thing has been to try to maintain the integrity of the office of the surgeon general. I think the independence of that office relates to the fact that you have this direct communication with the American people and the fact that the American people rely on the surgeon general to bring them the best science and to tell them the truth. I don't want to stay away from political issues; I just don't want my tenure to be defined by politics. I want people to be able to look to me for good science and health advice. (c)COPYRIGHT 1998 USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Co. Inc.
------------------------------------------------------------------- It's Time We Declared Failure And Learned To Live With Drug Addiction ('Vancouver Echo' Columnist Kevin Potvin Says Instead Of Chasing The Elusive Goal Of Wiping Out Hard Drug Use, If We Turned Our Attention To Reducing The Impact Drug Addicts Have On Our Lives, Then We Might See Some Result For All Our Energy And Money) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: Editorial: It's time we learned to live with addiction Date: Sat, 02 May 1998 11:44:13 -0700 Lines: 78 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Vancouver Echo Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: April 29, 1998 Section: Kevin Potvin's Second Thoughts It's time we declared failure and learned to live with drug addiction Sure would be nice if there were no drug addicts. Then we could get on with our lives, couldn't we, liberated from the paralyzing terror of encountering one, or worse, happening across one of their discarded needles. Unfortunately, the outlook is grim. It doesn't appear as though drug addicts are about to go away. Virtually every city in the whole world has them, and every city has tried a vast array of proposed solutions to make them go away. All failed. Edinburgh, Scotland, New York City, Karachi, Pakistan, Johannesburg, South Africa, Sydney, Australia, Berkeley, California, Lima, Peru, Paris, France, all have failed just as Vancouver has. Hard drug addicts are as fixed a feature of big city life as traffic accidents and prostitution. It's not fatalistic to suggest we learn to accept reality and give up the impossible project of ridding the city of addicts. It is merely smart pragmatism. Instead of chasing the elusive goal of wiping out hard drug use, if we turned our attention to reducing the impact drug addicts have on our lives, then we might see some result for all our energy and money. After all, the act of the addict injecting hard drugs does not in itself cause a great deal of trouble for anyone but the user. While it's laudable to be concerned with the self-destruction hard drugs bring to the user, it is hardly the plight of the addict's life that has everyone in such an uproar. What has everyone shouting mad are not the acts of addiction itself, but rather the surrounding effects on a community in which the addict is seeking to acquire and use the drugs. The concerns of the community are limited and can be easily listed: theft from cars and stores and breaking and entering into homes by users seeking valuable goods to steal and sell for the money required to purchase drugs, and the reckless discarding of used needles in parks and alleys that may well be contaminated with HIV-positive blood. Solutions to these problems are well known. By providing through some institution free drugs, the addict no longer needs to steal to buy them. And by providing a safe place where users can acquire, use, and then discard their needles, there would virtually be no more needles found in any parks or alleys. These are the only solutions to the problems that truly affect the community. Nothing else will work. But there's a huge catch. It means we have to accept the fact there will always be a certain percentage of the population experimenting with and becoming addicted to hard drugs. It means we have to live with the knowledge that there may be some people who would not otherwise have encountered hard drugs were it not for their free distribution, and who thereby may become inadvertently affected by them. It means we have to put aside our moral judgments about those who choose to use hard drugs, and instead blinker ourselves in order to deal only with the problems drug addicts cause. In other words, it means that this may be a rare instance in matters of public policy where it might be more prudent to treat the symptoms and ignore the disease. I don't like to see anyone injecting heroin or cocaine and I'd be very happy if it all stopped tomorrow. But given that no one on the face of the planet has yet devised a method to bring that about, we might as well get past the unsavory reality and learn to accommodate it in our lives. Drug addicts are a fact of life. But the troubles they cause, the break-ins, the theft, the discarded needles, are not facts of life and are things we can do a great deal about to stop, virtually overnight. Would the supply of free drugs and a safe place to use them create the impression that we condone and encourage drug use? Maybe. But for those who are curious, I would rather they find drugs at a safe place where there are people concerned to control and reduce the supply, rather than on the street, where there is only the concern for increased usage and bigger illicit profits.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hellawell's Report Online (List Subscriber Posts URL With Complete Text Of The Drugs Tsar's New Report, 'Tackling Drugs To Build A Better Britain') To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (CLCIA) Subject: Hallawell's Report on-line Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 23:31:17 +0100 "Tackling Drugs to Build a Better Britain" including Hallawell's Report and the rest of the White Paper is at http://www.official-documents.co.uk/document/cm39/3945/3945.htm Don't miss out! Derek's VIDEO of the IoS Cannabis March in London, is now available from the CLCIA in VHS format at £10 inc. P & P. CANNABIS QUIZ - WIN A TRIP TO AMSTERDAM SEE : http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/canquiz.html This is a fund-raising quiz. Entry is just 2 pounds. *** CLCIA On-Line Bookshop : http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/webhome.html tested safe and secure purchase through Amazon.com *** Campaign to Legalise Cannabis International Association (CLCIA) 54C Peacock Street, Norwich, Norfolk, NR3 1TB, England. Campaigners' Guide : http://www.paston.co.uk/users/webbooks/index.html CLCIA : http://www.foobar.co.uk/users/ukcia/groups/clcia/clcia.html e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org Tel : +44 (0)1603 625780 "The use of cannabis ought to be a matter of choice, not of law." *** The drugtext press list. News on substance use related issues, drugs and drug policy email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drugs White Paper Gives Wrong Signal (Letter To Editor Of Britain's 'Daily Telegraph' From A Man Who Sought Keith Hellawell's Job Says 'The Culture Of Harm Reduction And Support For Addicts Does Support The Drugs Use And Does Harm Society') Date: Sat, 02 May 1998 16:01:25 -0400 To: DrugSense News Service
From: Richard Lake Subject: MN: UK: LTE: Drugs White Paper Gives Wrong Signal Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Newshawk: email@example.com (CLCIA) Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source : Daily Telegraph Contact : firstname.lastname@example.org Fax : +44 (0)171 538 5000 Drugs White Paper Gives Wrong Signal SIR - As somebody who applied but did not get the post of "drugs tsar", despite my experience and qualifications, I would like to point out that the White Paper's proposals (report, April 28) will have little or no effect on the drugs problem. Its 10-tear "realistic strategy" is tantamount to accepting that, like the pie-in-the-shy health targets, the Government does not expect to solve the problem at all. Compulsory education for children but non-compulsory treatment centres, funded by seizures from drugs criminals, will not be effective and will do nothing to change the drugs culture amongst young people. Similar education has failed abysmally in stopping teenagers from smoking or from under-age sexual activity. It is sentimentally appealing, expensive, time-consuming, and highly likely to convey the wrong message. I have never heard a drugs worker telling children that drug users are sad, bad and dangerous for society. I have heard many counsellors with the message that if you intend to use drugs, use safe drugs and clean needles, which, incidentally, you can obtain from the local drugs centre. What use are new drug treatment centres when we treat thousands of users by issuing them with methadone, amphetamines, needles and syringes? The culture of harm reduction and support for addicts does support the drugs use and does harm society. Treatment centres with the wrong approach can spend months using ineffective counselling rather than the four or five days needed to detoxify an addict in compulsory detention and with the use of drugs such as Britaflex. The drugs industry will now include counsellors and educators, al committed but none truly effective, and the human misery will continue until we approach the problem differently. Until there is a wide-spread condemnation of users, Draconian punishments for traders and a culture which does not condone the promotion of drugs by pop media, and until all those who seek more liberal drug laws cease their striving, we will remain powerless to stop this plague. Having a "drugs tsar" and producing White Papers is merely part of a cruel deception that curative action is being taken when all concerned know that none is to be achieved. Dr Adrian Rogers Exeter
------------------------------------------------------------------- Reformists Aware Of Plight Facing Addicts Families (Letter To Editor Of Britain's 'Evening News' Notes The Situation We Are In Now Has Arisen Under Prohibition - Prohibition Means That The Supply Of Drugs Is In Criminal Hands) From: "Rolf Ernst"
To: "MN" Subject: MN: UK: PUB LTE: Reformists Aware Of Plight Facing Addicts Families Date: Sat, 2 May 1998 07:26:19 -0500 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (CLCIA) Pubdate: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 Source: Evening News (Norwich UK) Contact: EveningNewsLetters@ecn.co.uk Author: Alan Buffry REFORMISTS AWARE OF PLIGHT FACING ADDICTS FAMILIES The letter "What about addicts' families?" (EN, April 22) correctly states that addicts' families are victims of the drugs problem along with those who suffer from theft, burglary etc. However, the writer seems to think that drug law reformists are either ignorant or unconcerned about these problems. In fact, most reformists know only too well the problems that so many face due to illegal drug use and the associated crime, especially when its one of one's own family. That's why we want legalisation! The situation we are now in has arisen under prohibition. Prohibition means that the supply of drugs is in criminal hands. That means dubious quality and uncertain strength and roof-high prices. Poor quality can mean death. High prices mean high crime rates so that the addicts can get the money. The profits go to the criminals and the rest of us have to pay! Legalisation means a legitimate and controllable supply, the drugs can be supplied at a fraction of the illegal market prices, quality can be assured. The result - less crime to get the money and less deaths from impurities. Addicts would not need to create new addicts to pay for their own habits. Users would be identifiable and offered help. Less crime, less suffering, less misery for the families. Also fewer prisoners. Nobody wants to see this heroin epidemic as it is called, spread further. One thing is sure - prohibition has failed to stop drugs problems. The only alternative to an illegal supply is a legal one. The real problem is making the politicians listen! Alun Buffry
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 44 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists, Including Original And Excellent Commentary Such As The Feature Article On 'Human Rights And The Drug War,' An Exhibit Opening At The San Francisco Public Library) Date: Thu, 30 Apr 1998 06:56:02 -0700 To: email@example.com From: Mark Greer
Subject: DrugSense Weekly April 29, 1998 #044 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly April 29, 1998 #044 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article by Mikki Bach Human Rights and the Drug War (aka HR 95) * Weekly News In Review GENERAL COMMENT: This week's domestic news was dominated by needle exchange, but several important policy wrinkles were also introduced and medical marijuana continues to be an important issue. On the international scene, the contributions of US drug policy to human misery are legion- we seem be inflicting damage everywhere in the name of our holy war to preserve the criminal drug market. Needle Exchange I was wrong! Needle-exchange programs work Washington Post Editorial: Clean Needles, No Money OPED - Clinton Spineless on Needle Funds Gingrich Blasts Clinton Needle Exchange Stance Needle-Funding Refusal Disappoints Satcher Clean Needles May Be Bad Medicine HIV's Spread Is Unchecked AIDS-Slowing Treatments Soros - $1 Million Pledged for Needle Exchanges Medical Marijuana- Legal Hassles Extinguishing Pot Clubs San Francisco marijuana club reopens peacefully to cheers Let Health Workers Distribute Pot US Drug Policy- Republicans Plan Major Campaign for Drug-Free America Drug Sting Tactics Helped 'Poison the Public,' Judge Says Patch That Might Keep Tabs on Drug Use Will Be Tested in Phila. International News- Nice Guys Finish Dead - review of 'Twilight on the Line' Switzerland: Wire: $132 Million Traced To Swiss In Salinas Case Mexico - Lawyer in Drug Case Gunned Down Russia - Eastern Europe New AIDS Region, Report Says Peru - U.S. Teaches Peru To Plug River Of Drugs Wire - Coca, Poppy Killer May Harm Amazon * Hot Off The 'Net * DrugSense Tip Of The Week * Quote of the week *** FEATURE ARTICLE For six weeks beginning May 7, The San Francisco Public Library will host "Human Rights and the Drug War," a powerful exhibit using photographs of 100 current prisoners and their families to put a human face on policy. The exhibit coincides with the 50th Anniversary of the UN Declaration of Human Rights, a document intended to set a standard for the policies of all nations. In practice, human rights abuses have largely been considered to be an exclusive problem of Second and Third World nations, with the Western Democracies, particularly the United States assumed exempt from consideration. If that assumption is set aside, the war on drugs is found to be a source of serious human rights abuse within our own borders: Article 5: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." The Eighth Amendment to US Constitution also forbids cruel and unusual punishment, including excessive bail and fines. US drug policy requires Draconian mandatory sentences disproportionate to the offense. Federal mandatory minimums sentence first-time nonviolent drug offenders to terms from five years to life without parole- longer terms than violent criminals convicted of murder, rape or robbery (who retain eligibility for parole). Article 10: "Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an in dependent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him." The US Constitution also guarantees a jury trial for both criminal (Sixth Amendment) and non-trivial civil suits (Seventh Amendment). Sentencing guidelines and mandatory minimum laws tie judges hands; the nature of drug "crime" dictates that physical evidence be replaced by hearsay testimony; charges of "conspiracy," in which each person is liable for the entire offense regardless of involvement, favor plea bargaining over public trial. Recent Supreme Court interpretation of civil asset forfeiture law allows one's life savings to be seized without charge of a crime; property under $500,000 can be forfeited administratively through summary judgment without judicial proceedings or jury trial. An accused, thus impoverished on the eve of his criminal trial may be unable to afford a lawyer. (161) Article 12: "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks." The US Fourth Amendment protects people from "unreasonable searches and seizures" by requiring that "no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." Zealous drug policy enforcement has increasingly caused US citizens to suffer loss of privacy: phone taps, urine testing, computer, garbage and mail searches, searches of bank records and utility bills- even infra-red scanning of dwellings. Employees are subject to random drug testing without probable cause or warrant. There are police drug sweeps of neighborhoods which block public roadways and detain search people and vehicles with dogs. Fitting a "profile' stereotype such as racial or ethnic appearance, hair length, auto bumper stickers, etc. may single one out for harassment. Possession of $100 cash may be reason for police seizure as suspected drug income. Buying garden supplies from a store under police surveillance has led to a home search. "Drug" warrants are issued on hearsay evidence and served with battering rams. (216) Article 16.3: "The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state." The US Fourth Amendment lists "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects." Families are major casualties of the Drug War. Children are traumatized by seeing their parents handcuffed face down on the floor while angry, armed men in dark suits brandish weapons and tear up the house. They are also injured when the family car, home, and bank accounts are taken, or when parents are sent to prison for decades. They are also How do parents support a family from prison, financially or emotionally? How can an inner city community survive with a third of its adult male population stigmatized by a criminal record? (131) by Mikki Bach Human Rights and the Drug War (aka HR 95) http://www.hr95.org/ PO Box 1716, El Cerrito CA 94530. *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** Needle Exchange *** COMMENT: After years of stonewalling, federal officials finally accepted solid evidence that needle exchange reduces spread of HIV without increasing drug use to the point where HHS Secretary Shalala was forced to endorse it in principle. However, fear of a conservative backlash prevented the Administration from also approving use of federal funds. This ambivalence was excoriated by both sides and, far from putting the issue to rest, may guarantee continued interest in it for a long time. Soros' money will help existing programs and the reluctant federal endorsement should help to start new ones. Those considerations, plus the ongoing opportunity for criticism of policy add up to a net plus for reform, especially since federal funding would probably have been accompanied by self-defeating regulatory strictures anyway. I WAS WRONG! NEEDLE-EXCHANGE PROGRAMS WORK Sooner or later, anyone who makes a living offering up opinions gets asked the same question: ''Have you ever changed your mind?'' After the ink is dry, after the column is sent into the electronic ozone, have you ever disagreed with you? There must be so me primal anxiety behind this frequent inquiry. I suppose people all share a high school nightmare of being exposed, seen mentally unzipped, caught changing our minds in public. But since the only way to avoid changing a mind is by closing that mind, it happens. Today I disagree with me, or rather with the me that once opposed needle-exchange programs. [snip] Source: Boston Globe ( MA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.boston.com/globe/ Pubdate: April 23, 1998 Author: Ellen Goodman http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n300.a04.html *** CLEAN NEEDLES, NO MONEY CLINTON'S latest policy response to a national epidemic -- the spread of AIDS among intravenous drug users -- is little more than a political fix. In one breath, the administration is declaring that needle-exchange programs do help curb the spread of AIDS -- but that no federal funds should be spent on this approach. This half-and-half solution, intended to resolve internal policy disagreements among the president's advisers, puts politics ahead of public health. [snip] Source: Washington Post Contact:http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 23 Apr 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n297.a08.html *** CLINTON SPINELESS ON NEEDLE FUNDS IT IS tempting to blame the Paula Jones scandal for Bill Clinton's cowardice, but it wouldn't be fair. Clinton has always been a coward. Clinton's gutless refusal to fund programs that save lives by providing clean needles to drug addicts was not an inevitable result of a weakened presidency. Even if Clinton were not hounded by charges of sexual misconduct, he would be an unlikely savior of poor heroin addicts. They don't have the money to make campaign contributions and they don't have the demographics the president's pollsters like to see. [snip] Source: San Francisco Chronicle ( CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Author: Cynthia Tucker http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n301.a11.html *** GINGRICH BLASTS CLINTON NEEDLE EXCHANGE STANCE THIS WEEK, House Speaker Newt Gingrich and other top Republicans blasted President Clinton for endorsing needle exchange programs to prevent AIDS among drug users, even though Clinton will not allow federal funds for such programs. "What's a little heroin or cocaine among friends?" Gingrich said sarcastically at a news conference in which he lambasted Clinton on drugs and teen smoking, Reuters news service reported. "There's no such thing as a healthy heroin addict." [snip] Source: San Francisco Examiner Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 Author: Lisa M. Krieger of the Examiner Staff URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n296.a01.html *** NEEDLE-FUNDING REFUSAL DISAPPOINTS SATCHER The surgeon general says he wishes the decision had been made without the political overtones. Washington-The nation's new surgeon general said Friday the he is disappointed as a scientist by the Clinton administration's decision to bar federal funding for AIDS-fighting programs that give clean needles to drug users. [snip] Source: Orange County Register ( CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Author: Laura Meckler - The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n302.a01.html *** CLEAN NEEDLES MAY BE BAD MEDICINE The Clinton administration on Monday endorsed the practice of giving clean needles to drug addicts in order to prevent transmission of the AIDS virus. "A meticulous scientific review has now proven that needle-exchange programs can reduce the transmission of HIV and save lives without loosing ground on the battle against illegal drugs," Secretary of Health and Human Services announced. The administration is not unanimous, however; the drug czar, Gen. Barry McCaffrey, who opposes needle exchange, was out of the country Monday. Who's right? As recently as a month ago, HHS had resisted needle-exchange programs. "We have not yet concluded that needle exchange programs do not encourage drug use." spokeswoman Melissa Skolfield told the Washington Post March 17. By Monday the department had reached that conclusion, though the scientific evidence that needle exchanges don't encourage drug use is as weak today as it was a month ago. [snip] Source: The Wall Street Journal Pubdate: Wed, 22 April 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: David Murray, Director of Research for the Statistical Assessment Service, a nonprofit group in Washington. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n301.a12.html *** HIV'S SPREAD IS UNCHECKED AIDS-SLOWING TREATMENTS Eclipse Rising Infection Rate, Study Says Although the number of new AIDS cases in the United States has declined substantially in recent years, HIV continues to spread through the population essentially unabated, according to data released yesterday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The first direct assessment of HIV infection trends shows that the recent decline in U.S. AIDS cases is not due to a notable drop in new infections. Rather, improved medical treatments are allowing infected people to stay healthy longer before coming down with AIDS, overshadowing the reality of an increasingly infected populace. [snip] Source: Orange County Register ( CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Author: Laura Meckler - The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n302.a01.html *** $1 MILLION PLEDGED FOR NEEDLE EXCHANGES A billionaire financier offered $1 million on a matching basis Thursday to finance the distribution of clean needles to addicts who inject illegal drugs. The money pledged by the financier, George Soros, would go to match increases by other philanthropists and private foundations for what Soros called "these lifesaving programs." Soros announced last August that he was making another $1 million directly available for needle-exchange programs. Explaining his decision at the time, he said: "Very few politicians dare to stand up. If they touch the issue, it's like touching a third rail." [snip] Source: New York Times ( NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: April 24, 1998 Author: Christopher Wren *** Medical Marijuana COMMENT: The Chronicle article is a sad recapitulation of the carnage wreaked upon medical marijuana programs in the past few months. The reopening of the San Francisco club demonstrates the importance of friendly local officials, a point underscored by DA Hallinan's Op-Ed. LEGAL HASSLES EXTINGUISHING POT CLUBS Prop. 215's weak wording doesn't sway cops, agents Less than 18 months after medical marijuana use was legalized in California by Proposition 215, the network of marijuana clubs, co-ops and dispensaries that arose to deliver pot to patients is collapsing. Of 18 medical marijuana providers operating openly seven months ago, six are out of business and five are facing closure due to criminal or civil lawsuits. The remaining seven groups are still open and not facing legal trouble, but there is constant worry that the next knock on the door could be federal drug agents. [snip] Source: San Francisco Chronicle ( CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Thu, 23 Apr 1998 Author: Maria Alicia Guara, Chronicle Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n297.a03.html *** SAN FRANCISCO MARIJUANA CLUB REOPENS PEACEFULLY TO CHEERS SAN FRANCISCO -- A San Francisco marijuana club reopened under another name yesterday just a day after a court order shut down its predecessor. About 40 patients and supporters cheered as Wayne Justmann, head of security for the new Cannabis Healing Center, unlocked the front door. [snip] Source: Standard-Times ( MA) Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 Author: Richard Cole, Associated Press writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n296.a11.html *** LET HEALTH WORKERS DISTRIBUTE POT By Terence Hallinan THE RECENT SHUTDOWN of San Francisco's Cannabis Cultivators Club and its reopening under new leadership closed a chapter in the continuing debate over medical marijuana. Broader legal questions about the clubs remain. State and federal efforts to close six medical marijuana cooperatives in California have raised the thorny question of who should be responsible for distributing medical marijuana to sick patients if the clubs are permanently shut down. Recently, when 1 suggested city health workers may be called on to do the job in San Francisco, I did not make the statement lightly. [snip] Source: San Francisco Chronicle Pubdate: April 27, 1998 Website: www.sfgate.com Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n309.a03.html *** Drug Policy *** COMMENT: The GOP pursuit of a "drug free" America, led by Newt is good news for us. If the public can't understand that the drug war is an inhumane folly in the light of other developments, it probably never will. It's also to be expected that the most ardent prohibitionists will feel most threatened by perception that reform is gaining ground, and will react accordingly. The other items simply confirm the willingness of drug warriors to embrace any strategy, no matter how destructive of the environment, threatening to the public, or invasive of privacy, in their desire to control human behavior. REPUBLICANS PLAN MAJOR CAMPAIGN FOR DRUG-FREE AMERICA WASHINGTON -- House Republicans are preparing to launch a highly publicized election-year initiative to bring about a drug-free America. In an event planned for next week and to be staged like the House GOP's mass 1994 signing of its Contract With America, more than 100 House Republicans are expected to endorse a dozen wide-ranging anti-drug bills. One bill calls for doubling the Border Patrol to 20,000 and restoring controversial military patrols along the U.S.-Mexico border. House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., formed the Speaker's Task Force for a Drug-Free America one month ago, and it already has a comprehensive national "battle plan" for reaching its goal within four years. [snip] Source: San Diego Union Tribune Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.uniontrib.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Author: Marcus Stern - Copley News Service URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n302.a06.html *** DRUG STING'S TACTICS HELPED 'POISON THE PUBLIC,' JUDGE SAYS State agents helped "poison the public" by giving drug dealers huge amounts of the key ingredient to produce methamphetamine and failing to recover it, a federal judge said Friday. During a "sting" operation targeting a pair of notorious drug manufacturing suspects in 1995, the narcotics agents committed crimes that would justify life in prison "if they did not have badges," said U.S. District Judge Lawrence K. Karlton. [snip] Source: Sacramento Bee ( CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sacbee.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Author: Cythnia Hubert - Bee Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n302.a07.html *** PATCH THAT MIGHT KEEP TABS ON DRUG USE WILL BE TESTED IN PHILA. The device would offer ``real-time'' data, rather than after-the-fact screening. Sweating it out could take on new meaning for drug users caught by the criminal justice system. The federal government is getting ready to field test in Philadelphia a black watch-sized patch that is being designed to send a signal if the wearer takes drugs. It also has the potential to relay information to authorities about the person's whereabouts, within 150 feet. [snip] Source: Philadelphia Inquirer ( PA) Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 Author: Marian Uhlman - Inquirer Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n294.a11.html *** International News COMMENT: There is a symmetry in the first three articles: the book reviewed in the first explains the huge jump in illegal drug dollars flowing into Mexico which allowed the official corruption alluded to in the next two news stories. There are those who believe that the AIDS epidemic in the US will be minor compared to what is happening in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The articles about Peru (riverine interdiction) and Colombia (aerial spraying of herbicides) suggest that America has yet to learn all the lessons of Viet Nam. NICE GUYS FINISH DEAD a review of: TWILIGHT ON THE LINE Underworlds and Politics at the U.S.-Mexican Border. By Sebastian Rotella. 320 pp. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. $25. By Richard Rayner EARLY in this vivid study of immigration, crime and graft at the Mexican border, Sebastian Rotella makes the point that the headlong growth in the l990's of the drug trade in Mexico, and in Baja California in particular, was spurred by an American success story. When the Drug Enforcement Administration blocked Florida as the prime highway for cocaine, the Colombian cartels responded by expanding their partnership with some of their old friends in Mexico, who offered not only a network already established through their traditional traffic in heroin and marijuana, but a long and vulnerable land border with the United States. The Mexican drug barons began receiving payment in cocaine instead of cash, and the Colombians were forced to cede sales turf in Texas, along the East Coast and especially in California itself. "Soon the Mexican mafias were supplying 70 percent of the cocaine consumed-yearly in the United States," Rotella writes, "were earning between $10 billion and $30 billion a year in profits and, according to a study by the University of Guadalajara, were spending $500 million a year exclusively on the bribery of public officials in Mexico. That figure was roughly double the entire budget of the Mexican federal attorney general's office and federal police." [snip] Source: New York Times ( NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 15 Mar 1998 Author: Richard Rayner URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n300.a05.html *** $132 MILLION TRACED TO SWISS IN SALINAS CASE LAUSANNE, Switzerland ( AP)-- U.S. investigators have traced $132 million in Swiss banks to the brother of a former Mexican president and say at least some of the money came from drug traffickers, according to court documents released Friday. Switzerland's highest court disclosed for the first time details of the largely secret U.S. case against Raul Salinas de Gortari, the brother of former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 25 Apr 1998 Source: Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n305.a05.html *** LAWYER IN DRUG CASE GUNNED DOWN A former lawyer for Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo, the jailed former leader of Mexico's anti-drug campaign, was slain late Tuesday, officials said. A spokesman for Jalisco State prosecutors said a gunman killed Tomas Arturo Gonzalez Velazquez, 43, while he waited in his car at a traffic light in Guadalajara. [snip] Source: Chicago Tribune ( IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 23 Apr 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n297.a07.html *** EASTERN EUROPE NEW AIDS REGION, REPORT SAYS MOSCOW - Every minute worldwide, five people between the ages of 10 and 24 become infected with HIV, according to a report released here today. The UNAIDS report also warned that Eastern Europe is set to become "one of the next epicenters" of the world AIDS crisis, with HIV infection rates having increased at least six fold since 1994. The report said that 190,000 people in the region are infected, a contagion rate driven by a sharp rise in the use of injected drugs. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 22 Apr 1998 Source: Seattle-Times ( WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n294.a03.html *** U.S. TEACHES PERU TO PLUG RIVER OF DRUGS IQUITOS, Peru - As Seaman Walter Fitzgerald gunned his Boston Whaler boat out into the Amazon and gently pulled alongside a floating dock as if approaching another vessel, he kept up a steady stream of talk to his Peruvian counterparts, explaining each step in nearly flawless Spanish. Nearby, on land, Warrant Officer Marc Shifanelli crouched in the thick jungle underbrush, demonstrating to a group of Peruvian police how to conduct small-unit patrols, including how to carry their AK-47 assault rifles, with constant reminders not to "aim at anything you don't want to destroy." Fitzgerald, a U.S. Navy SEAL, and Shifanelli, of the U.S. Army Special Forces, are part of a group of 30 specialized American military instructors implementing one of the most ambitious counterdrug programs the Pentagon has ever undertaken in Latin America. [snip] Source: Seattle-Times ( WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: Douglas Farah, The Washington Post URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n294.a02.html *** COCA, POPPY KILLER MAY HARM AMAZON BOGOTA, Colombia ( AP) - Deep in the jungle, a Turbo-Thrush plane swoops to within 100 feet of a field of illegal drug crops, lets loose a cloud of herbicide over the plants and soars skyward again before heavily armed leftist rebels can open fire. It has become an almost daily - if hair-raisingly dangerous - routine in Colombia as police undertake an ambitious program to eradicate thousands of acres of coca and poppy - the plants used to make cocaine and heroin. Now, at the urging of the United States, Colombia is considering switching to a more powerful, granular herbicide called tebuthiuron - a new coca-killer that can be dropped from higher altitudes, out of range of the gun-toting rebels guarding the crops. [snip] Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Thu, 23 Apr 1998 Author: Paul Haven URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n300.a02.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET The Drug Policy Foundation has updated and enhanced their web page. See: http://www.dpf.org/ It now includes the latest grant guidelines. The "War on Drugs Clock" has been enhanced and is "ready for Primetime" See: http://www.drugsense.org/ and click on the animated moon (indicative of lunacy). This feature should be linked all over the Internet. It is a powerful visual display of why we are fighting to change the status quo. The MAP archive of published Letters to the Editor has a new feature which keeps track of the dollar value of oor volunteer's published letters posted on our website. We have generated both an item counter and an estimated value. See: http://www.mapinc.org/lte/ We display well over $500,000 in ad value and over 600 published letters and articles to date. *** TIP OF THE WEEK We are trying to get as many members as possible to contact their local bookstores to ask if they can have Mike Grays "Drug Crazy" available. If not please ask when they will be able to order it and whether they will stock it. If we can get each member to call 5 bookstores we will have covered nearly every bookstore in the country and we will have sent a powerful message to distributors to stock this book. A reform best seller would be a national first and would gain us some excellent media coverage. Just do it! 5 calls takes about 15 minutes. *** QUOTES OF THE WEEK *** `I'M SO AFRAID -- SEEING PEOPLE'S LIVES JUST FADE' Here are excerpts from the essays written by fifth-graders at Edward Heston Elementary School. When I walk the streets I see people who could have terrific lives, but they are happier doing drugs. I'm not going to destroy my future. I can do more with my life than killing myself with drugs. I am 10-year-old and when I put myself in that position, I feel so sorry for them. -- Chanel Joynes I want drug dealing to stop because one of my friends got shot over that. He was walking down the street and he was looking at the dealers and they said "Get out of here, leave!" He kept looking and got shot. That's why I want it to stop. Drugs are getting people killed. One time my brother's friend got shot because he was working for the drug dealers and he didn't bring back the right amount of money. He was 13 years old and I went to his funeral. -- Jonathan Ross I see them every day. Where I walk and where I play. Sometimes I'm so afraid -- seeing people's lives just fade. Drugs take you out of this world soon. They destroy families and leave a neighborhood in ruin. -- Tiffany Harrison *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. Comments-Editor: Tom O'Connell (firstname.lastname@example.org) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (email@example.com) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to firstname.lastname@example.org PLEASE HELP: DrugSense provides this service at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort please Make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc. d/b/a DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
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