------------------------------------------------------------------- Oregon Medical Marijuana Act Qualifies! (Dave Fratello Of Americans For Medical Rights Breaks The News That The Initiative Sponsored By Oregonians For Medical Rights Will Be On The November 1998 Ballot)Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 22:12:18 GMT To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: Oregon Medical Marijuana Act qualifies! Great news from the capitol in Oregon - The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act (OMMA) has been certified for the November '98 ballot. Petitioners, operating under Oregonians for Medical Rights (OMR), turned in 97,648 signatures against a requirement of 73,000+. The first sample of the signatures showed a validity rate of 79%, meaning no further sampling was necessary. We got word just a short while ago... Onward... Dave Fratello Americans for Medical Rights
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana, Mail Voting Head To November Election ('The Associated Press' Version) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 02:02:11 GMT From: Dave Fratello (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: OR: AP on OMMA qualification Marijuana, mail voting head to November election By CHARLES E. BEGGS The Associated Press 07/10/98 8:45 PM Eastern (AP) -- Oregonians will vote this fall on legalizing medical use of marijuana, allowing mail voting in all elections and barring government payroll deduction to collect union dues for political purposes. State elections officials also announced on Friday that the Oregon Citizens Alliance failed to qualify an anti-abortion initiative for the November ballot. The OCA measure would have banned abortion in the second and third trimester except to save the mother's life. The failure is the second general election in which the group opposing abortion and gay rights has failed to get an initiative on the ballot. OCA Chairman Lon Mabon has said the organization's future is ion some doubt. The secretary of state said the OCA petitions had only about 88,000 valid signatures, with 97,000 needed to put the issue on the ballot. Workers are about halfway through tallying and checking signatures on the 11 proposed initiative measures filed for the November general election. The secretary of state's office has until next Friday to finish the job. Republican gubernatorial nominee Bill Sizemore succeeded in qualifying his union dues proposal for the ballot. A similar initiative was defeated last month in California. Another proposal, to impose tougher sentences for property crimes, was rated a tossup. The first signature check indicated it was very close to qualifying, and a second check was ordered. State Elections Director Colleen Sealock said if she was a supporter of the property crime proposal, she would be "optimistic ... that they will qualify." Signatures are checked by scientific sampling. Only if the first sampling indicates a proposed initiative does not qualify for the ballot, a second sampling is checked. Measure supporters need 73,261 signatures of registered voters to put their issues on the ballot. A proposed constitutional amendment requires 97,681 signatures to make the ballot. The marijuana measure is similar to medical pot laws passed last year by voters in California and Arizona. Supporters say marijuana can relieve symptoms of cancer, glaucoma, AIDS, multiple sclerosis and other illnesses. Police organizations have pledged to fight the measure on grounds it will lead to wider drug use. The measure, by coincidence, will join another one on the November ballot that will decide whether to reinstate criminal penalties for possessing small amounts of marijuana. The 1997 Legislature passed that law, but those who want the law the way it was -- no criminal penalties for possession of less than an ounce -- gathered enough signatures to put the issue to a vote. Meantime, measures on vote-by-mail and adoption were declared qualified for the ballot Friday. Mail voting now is permitted in all elections but the biggest ones, the primary and general elections. Legislators have refused to extend mail voting to those elections. The adoption measure would ensure that adopted people 21 and older could obtain copies of their original birth certificates.
------------------------------------------------------------------- City Over-Rides Limit Set By Marijuana Law ('The Dominion' In New Zealand Notes The New Oakland, California, Guidelines Instructing Police On How To Comply With Proposition 215, Apparently Under The Illusion That California Attorney General Dan Lungren's Arbitrary Two-Plant Limit Is The Law) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:43:10 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: City Over-Rides Limit Set By Marijuana Law [Sic] Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David Hadorn (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: The Dominion (New Zealand) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.inl.co.nz/wnl/dominion/index.html CITY OVER-RIDES LIMIT SET BY MARIJUANA LAW [SIC] The city council in Oakland, California has voted to allow medical marijuana users to stock 24 times the limit set by United States Attorney-General [sic] Dan Lungren, a fierce foe of medical marijuana. Mr Lungren had restricted ailing pot-users to two plants for 30 days, which yields about 28 grams (an ounce) of cannabis or enough for about one marijuana cigarette a day. Under the Oakland measure, pot users will be allow to grow up to 144 plants indoors, and they can also keep up to 645 grams of pot that has been picked and readied for smoking. Wheelchair-bound Ken Estes said he was "very happy because an ounce wasn't enough". Mr Estes, 40, has been smoking marijuana daily since he was paralysed in a motorcycle accident 22 years ago. The move is the latest to define what is legal under Proposition 215, the medical marijuana initiative approved by voters in 1996 that allowed patients to use marijuana for side effects of cancer therapy, Aids and other illnesses with a doctor's recommendation. The policy was passed unanimously this week. "This is a landmark issue," said Jeff Jones, executive director of the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative. Police will be asked to honour the policy, but users will be ordered to forfeit their supply if they cannot provide a doctor's note within two days, Mr Jones said. Mr Lungren's office said the policy violated the law. There has been confusion over the law since its passage. The initiative allows possession and cultivation of marijuana on a doctor's recommendation. Patients can grow the drug themselves or obtain it from a primary caregiver, defined as one who has "consistently assumed responsibility for the housing, health or safety" of the patient. But state courts have ruled that it is still illegal to sell marijuana or possess it for sale. The federal government has also become involved, claiming pot possession and marijuana clubs are illegal under federal law. - AP
------------------------------------------------------------------- Simpson Lawyer To Defend Pot Club Chief ('The San Francisco Examiner' Version Of Yesterday's News About Gerald F. Uelman Representing Peter Baez Of The Now-Defunct Santa Clara County Medical Cannabis Center In San Jose, California) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 13:54:25 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Simpson Lawyer To Defend Pot Club Chief Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Author: Compiled from Examiner staff and wire reports SIMPSON LAWYER TO DEFEND POT CLUB CHIEF San Jose Former O.J. Simpson defense attorney Gerald F. Uelman has signed on to defend a cannabis club director against drug charges. Uelman and Tom Nolan were named Wednesday to represent marijuana advocate Peter Baez, founder of a now-defunct medical marijuana club. Baez, a cousin of singer Joan Baez, was the director of the Santa Clara County Medical Cannabis Center that opened in early 1997 and closed May 8, faces several drug charges and a lengthy prison term if convicted. Uelman, a former dean of Santa Clara University School of Law, is an expert on constitutional law who won national attention as a member of O.J. Simpson's "dream team" of attorneys. Nolan, a criminal defense attorney based in Palo Alto, is widely considered one of the best in his field. The Santa Clara County district attorney filed seven felony charges against Baez in May, accusing him of selling marijuana to people without a doctor's recommendation, operating a drug house, grand theft and housing fraud. Deputy District Attorney Denise Raabe said she expected the issues at trial to be limited to Baez's alleged drug trafficking violations. But others involved in the medical marijuana movement hope the jury will be allowed to consider broader issues related to Proposition 215, which legalized medical marijuana use in California. Baez's trial, originally scheduled to begin Monday, has been postponed until Sept. 28.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Male 'Role Models' Behind Bars Are A Sad Reality (An Op-Ed In 'The San Francisco Chronicle' By Malcolm Kelly, Author Of 'The New African American Man,' Laments The Growing Number Of Young Children Visiting Parents In Prison, And Asks Every African American Adult To Visit A Jail Or Prison In 1998 As A First Step Toward Creating A New 'Empowerment Paradigm' To Address The Needs Of Such Children) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 11:31:00 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: OPED: Male 'Role Models' Behind Bars Are A Sad Reality Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Tom O'Connell) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Page: A 25 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Malcolm Kelly Note: Malcolm Kelly, a Bay Area writer, is author of "The New African American Man," published by Bye Publishing. MALE 'ROLE MODELS' BEHIND BARS ARE A SAD REALITY I SUDDENLY REALIZED a few days ago that something is terribly wrong with the growing numbers of young children visiting their parents in prison. It was a Sunday that I had the misfortune to visit a relative incarcerated in the local jail. There, I saw many young black women holding their children's hands as they waited in long lines to visit a relative, friend or spouse. Strangely, the children acted as if they were headed to an amusement park or picnic. I watched them waiting, fidgeting and wandering about the sterile, lifeless waiting area. This was the first time I had felt powerless in a long time. I began to question everything, even the value of empowerment. During the past five years, since I've been writing about these issues, I have conditioned myself to perceive every situation from an empowered perspective, but somehow I could not see it within the children. I wondered if they thought jail was a natural place to see their fathers. If so, what did this do to their image of black manhood? When I observed a little boy holding his mother's hand, I wondered if he would ever overcome the stigma of talking to his father on a telephone while separated by a hard, thick glass partition. I looked into his eyes nestled between a face etched with a scowl. That's when I realized none of the children were smiling or laughing loudly. They were orderly like everyone else who enters a prison or jail. It's a strange feeling. When you walk into one of these places, you immediately become a part of the culture. When you are in this environment, it is difficult to imagine any of the visiting children becoming doctors, scientist lawyers, writers, artists, bus drivers, salespersons, etc. It is also difficult to imagine them achieving greatness without someone giving them the love and training necessary to nurture the seeds of greatness already in their consciousness. Although I know from an empowered perspective that it is possible to overcome all adversity, I wonder who in America really cares about these children. I asked myself who will help them to become empowered? Who will teach them about manhood? Furthermore, I believe what I saw in Oakland happens every visitor's day in Philadelphia, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and everywhere there are jails and prisons. Sundays are the time when many people attend church and pray to God. I wonder if these churchgoers mention the small children who visit their parents in jail while singing and praying. Similarly, like most adults, I read about organizations giving scholarships, and I listen to the welfare and affirmative action debates, but it is the silence and complacency among many African Americans that bothers me the most. Although, I realize there are many black children who have stable family environments, the children who visit their fathers in prison are the ones who need us to speak loudly on their behalf. Sure, we talk about the gangs, drive-by shootings, drugs and so on, but we seem to ignore the children who have powerless inmates as role models. Why do we expect them to shed these images and become empowered adults? At present, we have the greatest opportunity to develop a value system that teaches young black children how to empower themselves while living as victims of color, status and circumstance. We cannot allow society to condition us to perceive these children simply as victims. If we do, then they will become like the homeless people we ignore every day. That's why we must create a new empowerment paradigm to address the needs of young children who have imprisoned parents. So I am asking every African American adult in this country to visit a jail or prison in 1998. 1 want everyone to look into the eyes of children who have the potential to express empowerment. Once you see their faces, I'm sure you will agree: There's something terribly wrong here. Fortunately, we can make it right.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judges Given Discretion On Consecutive Sentences ('The San Francisco Chronicle' Says The California Supreme Court Ruled Yesterday That A Defendant With More Than One Conviction For A Single Crime Does Not Have To Receive Consecutive Sentences Under California's Three-Strikes Law, A Decision That Could Affect Hundreds Of Cases) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:47:05 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Judges Given Discretion On Consecutive Sentences Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Harriet Chiang, Chronicle Legal Affairs Writer JUDGES GIVEN DISCRETION ON CONSECUTIVE SENTENCES In a decision that could affect hundreds of cases throughout the state, the California Supreme Court ruled yesterday that a defendant with more than one conviction for a single crime does not have to receive consecutive sentences under the three-strikes law. By a unanimous vote, the high court ruled in favor of a Los Angeles man who had been sentenced to 111 years in prison for robbing four people at a furniture store. The trial judge had sentenced David Deloza to four consecutive 25-year terms for each victim, plus an additional 11 years for the crime itself. But in yesterday's decision, the high court rejected the state's argument that the three-strikes law required consecutive sentences when there is more than one victim. The ruling settles an issue that has divided the state appellate courts and created confusion for trial judges. As long as the crimes are committed on a ``single occasion,'' depending on the proximity in time and place, a defendant does not have to be subjected to consecutive sentences, wrote Justice Janice Rogers Brown in the court's decision. The court said it was up to the trial judge to decide whether the sentences should be concurrent. The justices ordered a new sentencing hearing for Deloza. Prosecutors and defense lawyers said the decision will ease the backlog of cases that have been put on hold pending a decision from the California Supreme Court. Los Angeles alone has dozens of cases awaiting final resolution, they said. Los Angeles attorney Gary Mandinach, who represented Deloza, said he expects many defendants who have been sentenced under the three-strikes law to request reduced sentences relying on yesterday's decision. ``It's going to affect a number of cases,'' the defense lawyer said. The ruling is consistent with the high court's 1996 decision allowing trial judges to toss out prior three-strikes convictions if they feel it is just. ``This is simply giving power to judges,'' said Frank Zimring, who teaches criminal law at the University of California's Boalt Hall School of Law in Berkeley. Deputy Attorney General Alan Tate said he did not expect many judges to change their minds, however, and reduce the sentences of repeat offenders. ``Unfortunately,'' Tate said, ``this defendant has earned 111 years in prison.'' Deloza had been convicted of robbing at gunpoint three employees and a customer at a furniture store in Highland Park in 1995. The crime was captured on videotape, and Deloza was positively identified by all four victims. The trial judge sentenced him to 111 years in prison, a ruling upheld by a state appeals court. In reversing that decision, the high court said Deloza committed all his robberies at one place and in a short period of time. ``Given the close temporal and spatial proximity of the defendant's crimes against the same group of victims,'' Brown wrote in the court opinion, ``they were clearly committed on the `same occasion.' '' In a separate opinion, Justice Stanley Mosk said a 111-prison sentence amounted to cruel and unusual punishment. He noted a recent case in Oklahoma in which the court upheld a 30,000-year sentence against a defendant. ``What is the legal difference between prison sentences of 30,000 years and 111 years? The answer is: None,'' he wrote. ``Both are impossible for a human being to serve.'' ``A grossly excessive sentence can serve no rational legislative purpose,'' he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Judge's Order To Shock Defendant Stuns Witnesses (Cable News Network Says Long Beach, California Municipal Judge Joan Comparet-Cassani Ordered A Defendant Representing Himself To Be Zapped With 50,000 Volts Of Electricity From A Stun Belt Fitted To His Jail Jumpsuit For Interrupting Her - Amnesty International, Which Opposes The Use Of Stun Belts, Said The Act Amounted To Torture) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 12:32:29 -0400 From: MAPNews (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Judge's Order To Shock Defendant Stuns Witnesses Newshawk: email@example.com (Jim Galasyn) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: CNN Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.cnn.com/ Author: Jennifer Auther and The Associated Press contributed to this report. JUDGE'S ORDER TO SHOCK DEFENDANT STUNS WITNESSES LONG BEACH, California (CNN) -- Verbal interruptions by a defendant in a courtroom prompted a Long Beach judge to order the defendant zapped with 50,000 volts of electricity from a stun belt. The incident last week marked the first time a defendant has been shocked with a stun belt since Los Angeles County began using them three years ago, officials said Thursday. It has also angered some witnesses and at least one human rights organization. The defendant, Ronnie Hawkins, 48, was acting as his own attorney at a sentencing hearing, for an April petty theft conviction, on June 30 before Municipal Judge Joan Comparet-Cassani. Shock to the kidneys Hawkins' constant talking angered Comparet-Cassani, and, after a warning, she ordered her bailiff to zap him with the stun belt fitted to Hawkins' jail jumpsuit. The devices are powered by batteries and deliver an eight-second current to an area near the left kidney. The sentencing hearing was then postponed until July 29, because Hawkins said he needed to recover from the shock. Hawkins has two prior convictions. Under California's "three strikes" law, he is facing 25 years to life in prison. Three bystanders in the courtroom later complained, and the Los Angeles County Sheriff's department is now conducting a routine investigation. "Nothing he was doing, in my opinion constituted any sort of security risk," said Jacques Cain, a public defender who was in the courtroom. Is it torture? But the prosecutor, Christopher Frisco, says the judge was justified. "He was cited in county jail approximately six times for disciplinary action. He had threatened the judge. He's HIV positive, which is unfortunate, but he threatened to spit on people in the courtroom," Frisco said. Amnesty International, which opposes the use of stun belts, said the act amounted to torture. "This is clearly, smack dab in the middle of a definition of torture under every international human rights law," spokesman Gerald LeMelle told CNN. The judge declined to talk to reporters on Thursday. But Mike Concha, a supervisor in the public defender's Long Beach office, said he had spoken to her. "She was concerned for the welfare of the client," Concha said, adding that the judge said she would reconsider using the device again. More than 15 states and 100 counties across the United States use the stun belt for inmates, according to manufacturer Stun-Tech Inc. of Cleveland, Ohio. Stun-Tech says the device has been used 27 times without causing physical injury.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rurals Control Medical Marijuana Proposal (An 'Associated Press' Article In 'The Las Vegas Sun' Notes Nevadans For Medical Rights Collected 74,466 Signatures And Only Needed 46,764, But May Still Fail Because Of Nevada's Narrow Rules For Ballot Initiatives, Which Require Signatures To Be Gathered In At Least 13 Of The State's 17 Counties, And From At Least 10 Percent Of The Voters In Each Of Those Counties) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 14:53:53 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NV: Rurals Control Medical Marijuana Proposal Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: Las Vegas Sun (NV) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.lasvegassun.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 RURALS CONTROL MEDICAL MARIJUANA PROPOSAL CARSON CITY (AP) - A medical marijuana proposal is struggling because of a state law that gives more political power to rural Nevadans than Las Vegas-or Reno-area residents. The law dating to the 1950s has resulted in a requirement this year for 46,764 signatures on any proposal to qualify for the November ballot - and the medical marijuana plan's advocates collected 74,466 names. However, the law mandates that the signatures must come from at least 13 of the state's 17 counties, and at least 10 percent of the voters in each of those counties must sign. Richard Siegel, a political science professor at the University of Nevada, Reno says that "effectively gives more political power to the people in the small counties than in the large counties." In the case of the medical marijuana petition, two rural Nevada counties control its future. Clerks there have been told to do more work on their totals of verified signatures on the plan - that's dead unless their counts go up. Secretary of State Dean Heller told the Lyon County clerk's office Wednesday to check all 1,391 signatures collected in that county to see if there's a legal minimum of 982 valid names. Fewer than half of the signatures were checked by the clerk's office earlier, and only 329 were found to be valid. In Nye County, Heller said an incomplete verification job was done and he has asked for a second look at 207 names that were rejected earlier. So far, Nye County Clerk Arte Robb has verified 752 signatures - but the minimum requirement is 926. Dr. Eleanore Bushnell's book on the Nevada Constitution says a requirement similar to Nevada's was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1969 because it gave an edge to voters in outlying areas and discriminated against residents of populous areas. However, a 1975 opinion by then-state Attorney General Bob List makes a case for constitutionality of Nevada's law by saying there's a difference between introducing and enacting a proposal. Bushnell wrote the assumption is that all voters will ultimately decide on a ballot question even if it gets on the ballot through a method "that overrepresents the people in the small counties." The medical marijuana initiative would allow people, upon the advice of physicians, to use marijuana for curing or relieving pain in a number of illnesses such as cancer and AIDS. Minors would have to receive permission from their parents and the doctor.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Turney Sentenced For Jury Tampering (Bulletin From The Jury Rights Project Urges You To Write A Letter Of Protest In Response To Frank Turney Being Convicted Of Jury Tampering And Being Sentenced To 60 Days In Jail And Other Outrages For Distributing The Hotline Number For The Fully-Informed Jury Association Outside A Fairbanks, Alaska Courthouse In 1994)Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 10:56:12 -0600 (MDT) From: Jury Rights Project (email@example.com) To: Jury Rights Project (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Turney Sentenced for Jury Tampering Update on Frank Turney Case in Alaska On July 2, 1998, Frank Turney was sentenced to 60 days in jail, 6 years probation, 100 hours of community service and a 500.00 dollar fine. Frank plans on appealing, hopefully with a different lawyer this time. Frank Turney was convicted on March 6, 1998 of three counts of felony jury tampering for distributing the hotline number for the Fully-Informed Jury Association (1-800-TEL-JURY) outside a Fairbanks, Alaska courthouse in 1994. Turney has been leafletting the Fairbanks courthouse since 1990, distributing FIJA brochures that contain quotes about jury rights from radicals like Thomas Jefferson ("I consider trial by jury as the only anchor yet imagined by man which a government can be held to the principles of its constitution") and John Adams ("It is not only his right, but his duty...to find the verdict according to his own best understanding, judgement, and conscience, through in direct opposition to the direction of the court.") Frank should never have been prosecuted for exercising his first amendment rights and educating potential jurors about their rights. It is amazing that a jury would convict him of a crime, but that is indicative of the extent of jury intimidation that is practiced by prosecutors and judges in courtrooms nationwide. (Frank was represented by a public defender.) Letters of outrage can be sent to: Fairbanks Daily News-Miner P.O. Box 70710 Fairbanks, AK 99707-0710 Email: email@example.com Fax: (907) 452-7917 Limit: 350 words Anchorage Daily News P.O. Box 149001 Anchorage, Alaska 99514-9001 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax:(907)258-2157 Juneau Empire 3100 Channel Dr Juneau AK 99801 Email: email@example.com Fax: (907)586-3028 Limit: 250 words Send copies to: Frank Turney Box 70392 Fairbanks, AK 99707 (907) 457-2333 Or can be emailed to Charles Rollins, Jr., a friend of Frank's who has Internet access. (firstname.lastname@example.org) Frank is still at home pending his incarceration, so you can give him a call to show your support. Re-distributed by the: Jury Rights Project (email@example.com) Web page: http://www.lrt.org/jrp.homepage.htm To be added to or removed from the JRP mailing list, send email with the word SUBSCRIBE or UNSUBSCRIBE in the title.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Seize Ton Of Marijuana (A Cautionary And Not Altogether Believable Tale In 'The Arizona Republic' Says Phoenix Police Busted Three People Thursday And Seized 2,900 Pounds Of Marijuana And $200,000 In Cash After Responding To A 'Suspicious Persons' Call, Smelling Pot And Seeing Bundles Of Marijuana Through An Open Door) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 13:37:39 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US AZ: Police Seize Ton Of Marijuana Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: Arizona Republic (AZ) Contact: http://www.azcentral.com/opinions/letter.shtml Website: http://www.azcentral.com/news/ Pubdate: July 10, 1998 Author: William Hermann The Arizona Republic POLICE SEIZE TON OF MARIJUANA Phoenix police seized 2,900 pounds of marijuana Thursday evening when they answered a "suspicious persons" call at townhouses in the 9200 block of south 7th Street, officials said. A police spokesman said that officers answering the call smelled a strong odor of marijuana when they got to the townhouses. Sgt. Mike Torres said officers looking into the open door of one of the townhouses saw, bundles of marijuana. The officers arrested three men at the scene and are seeking a fourth who got away. Police also seized more than $200,000 in cash at the scene.
------------------------------------------------------------------- State's Top Narc Indicted ('The Arizona Republic' Says Guadalupe Davila, A Detective With The Goodyear Police Department Assigned To The State's Gang Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission Task Force, Was Indicted Wednesday By A Federal Grand Jury On Charges That He Stole Money Intended For Undercover Work Against Drug Dealers - In Violation Of The Constitution's Dictum That Trials Must Be Public, His Arraignment Thursday Was Closed) Date: Fri, 24 Jul 1998 22:58:40 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US AZ: State's Top Narc Indicted Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Chris Donald (email@example.com) Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Source: Arizona Republic (AZ) Contact: http://www.azcentral.com/opinions/letter.shtml Website: http://www.azcentral.com/news/ Authors: Susie Steckner and Jerry Kammer STATE'S TOP NARC INDICTED Corruption Charges Give Squad A 'Black Eye' In the dangerous shadowland of undercover police work, where street-wise cops pretend to be pals with thugs and gangsters, Guadalupe Davila was known as one of the best. His supervisors in an elite Arizona anti-gang unit have praised him for an uncanny ability to infiltrate the tightest gangs, bust up drugs rings, and shut down operators dealing explosives and guns. But on Wednesday the bearded 32-year-old undercover officer was indicted by a federal grand jury on corruption charges. The indictment, which has been sealed while the investigation continues, alleges that Davila stole money intended for undercover work against drug dealers, sources say. But details about Davila's suspected crime -- how much money was involved and how long it lasted -- were unavailable. It also was unclear Thursday who else may be targets in the ongoing investigation into one of the most secret, high-risk areas of police work. Davila, a detective with the Goodyear Police Department assigned to the state's Gang Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission (GITEM) task force, wore handcuffs and a prisoner's striped uniform Thursday in his initial appearence before a federal magistrate in Phoenix. The hearing, in which a prisoner is informed of the charges against him, was closed to the public. Federal prosecutors refused to comment on the case. But word of Davila's indictment stunned those who have worked with the Phoenix native and graduate of Glendale's Independence High School. "I can't hardly believe it -- it just breaks my heart," said Donna Neill, a community leader in the Westwood neighborhood of west-central Phoenix. "Lupe is the kind of person that you trust, and you know that if you have a problem, you can call him for help and he'll be there," Neill said. "He was so concerned about the youth, about the pressures that kids face today with all the gangs." A member of the GITEM squad who worked with Davila and asked not to be identified said, "We're all shocked by this. It's a black eye for everybody here." Davila became a sworn peace officer in 1990 when he joined the state Department of Public Safety. He was later a member of the Jerome Police Department before joining the Goodyear department in 1994. Davila was hired as a patrol officer and became a detective when he was assigned to the GITEM task force. He later was assigned to the gang-targeting unit within the task force, an elite unit of hand-picked undercover officers who go after hard-core gang members. That unit worked with the FBI, investigating cases across the state and country. By all accounts, Davila was a master at infiltrating gangs. Fluent in Spanish and wise in the ways of the street, he went undercover with gangs suspected of murder and dealing in drugs, stolen cars, explosives and automatic weapons. Davila's operations were well-planned and designed to minimize risk, according to a supervisor's account. He was described as being able to switch gears at a moment's notice to take on any assignment. And when the task force needed a volunteer to make a "cold buy" -- a risky job of buying drugs from an unknown person -- officers could always count on Davila, according to personnel reports. "You are always willing to do whatever it takes to get the job done," one supervisor said last December in a written review. That drive led to a handful of notable assignments for Davila throughout the Valley and state, according to his personnel file. In one operation, Davila infiltrated a Phoenix street gang, gathering evidence that led to the indictment of the top 10 suspects in the gang. In another, he helped break up a crack cocaine ring in Flagstaff, a bust that led to the indictment of 13 people. In still another operation, he took on a California gang in Kingman suspected of dealing drugs and shooting a resident in the head. According to his GITEM supervisor, the work led to conviction of the gang leaders on charges of attempted murder and drug dealing. Another bust of 35 hard-core members of a Valley gang prompted a letter from the Maricopa County Attorney's Office praising Davila for his "professionalism, dedication and work ethic." DPS Capt. David Gonzales, former commander of the GITEM squad, described Davila as an "outstanding" officer with an "excellent work ethic." Goodyear police spokesman Lt. Mark Brown said Davila was "a very good employee for us here." He said Davila is on paid administrative leave. The Police Department has asked the DPS to conduct an internal investigation into the allegations, in addition to the federal probe.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Prosecutor Says Alleged Dragging Was Theft Attempt (According To An 'Associated Press' Article In 'The Chicago Tribune,' Prosecutors In Belleville, Illinois, Claimed Thursday That A Black Teenager Who Said He Was Dragged Along The Street Last Month By Racially Abusive Teens Was Trying To Steal Their Money After A Drug Deal Went Bad) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 14:36:50 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US IL: Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: 10 July 1998 Author: Associated Press PROSECUTOR SAYS ALLEGED DRAGGING WAS THEFT ATTEMPT BELLEVILLE, Ill. -- The black teenager who said he was dragged along the street last month by racially abusive teens was trying to steal their money after a collapsed drug deal, prosecutors said Thursday. Police investigating Baron Manning Jr.'s claims were unable to find sufficient evidence to back his allegations, said St. Clair County State's Atty. Robert Haida. Manning's "version of the events of June 11 and 12 stand in stark contrast to all the other statements and evidence in this case," Haida said. Despite the allegations of drug dealing and attempted robbery, Haida said he had no plans to charge anyone in the case due to insufficient evidence and credibility problems. Manning, 17, told police that three white teens in a Jeep hailed him as he walked along the street, grabbed him and drove away, dragging him about three blocks while gouging one of his eyes and shouting racial slurs. Manning suffered injuries to his head, arms, legs and eye. Haida said investigators believe the teens were trying to buy marijuana from an acquaintance of Manning. They say that Manning dived into the Jeep when the deal collapsed in an attempt to steal the teenagers' money. One of the teens has acknowledged that Manning was dragged but has denied Manning's racial accusations. Rev. Johnny Scott, who has worked closely with the Manning family as president of the East St. Louis chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said there are too many inconsistencies in the police version. "If there were drugs involved, why didn't they charge someone with drugs?" Scott asked. He again accused authorities of showing favoritism to the white teens, at least one of whom is the son of a St. Clair County attorney. Authorities have not named the white youths.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Getting A Buzz . . . International Style ('The Chicago Tribune' Sends A Reporter To Ethnic Chicago Neighborhoods In Search Of Psychoactive Herbal Drugs Unregulated By The FDA, And He Comes Up With German Valerian Drops, Brazilian Guarana Soda, Nigerian Kola Nuts, Pan Leaves From South Asia And More) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 14:35:36 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US IL: Getting A Buzz . . . International Style Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young
Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: 10 July 1998 Author: Monica Eng Section: Tempo, page 1 GETTING A BUZZ . . . INTERNATIONAL STYLE In an ongoing quest to calm ourselves when we're anxious and energize ourselves when we're droopy, the human race has experimented with natural stimulants and sedatives for centuries. In the United States we legally ingest a rather unimaginative group of substances that includes coffee, tea, tobacco, alcohol and the occasional glass of warm milk. But folks in the rest of the world explore a much wider spectrum in order to produce a buzz. You would not have been able to find a lot of them 20 years ago, but since then many have made their way to Chicago, along with the immigrants who use them. The substances range from German valerian drops and Brazilian guarana soda to Nigerian kola nuts and the spice-filled pan leaves of South Asia. Although the folks at the Food and Drug Administration can't really regulate a lot of these substances (because of a 1994 act that no longer requires manufacturers to prove the safety and effectiveness of dietary supplements) they do stress that consumers should check with their doctors before partaking of most of this stuff. Having checked first with our physicians (as well as the FDA and the Drug Enforcement Administration), we recently spent some time pursuing these often-exotic concoctions in Chicago's many ethnic neighborhoods. Let the word go forth: Nothing we bought produces effects stronger than, say, a double espresso or a mug of beer; but they do offer, shall we say, heady insights into how the rest of the world chills out. - First stop, Merz Apothecary, 4716 N. Lincoln Ave. (773-989-0900): Upon entering this handsome, old-fashioned Lincoln Square shop, you, or more properly your nose, is greeted by the distinctive smell of valerian. Popular in several different forms, the plant substance may not do much for the nose but it has long been used to calm the nerves, according to Merz pharmacist and owner Abdul Qaiyum. "Valerian was used (in Germany) for many years before it became popular here as a tea," he explained. "Older folks would use it as drops and younger people would use it in capsule form or tablet form. The third most popular form is the tea. The idea of tranquilizers is not what the Europeans ever wanted and so it is more of a mild calming agent, as opposed to a tranquilizer." Dutch-born Chicagoan Olga DeJongh recalls taking valerian in Holland in her youth. "I remember my mother would give us valerian drops to make us less anxious before an exam," she said. A box of valerian tea at Merz runs about $10, while a small bottle of valerian tincture drops is $5.95. - Our next destination was Uptown, where we popped into the Old World Market, 5129 N. Broadway, to find kola nuts. Nigerian advisers explain that kola nut noshers should bite off a piece and chew it like a fruit. Most adults in West Africa eat the nuts and, as with coffee, some find that it gives them an energy boost while others claim it calms their nerves. This is unsurprising as its active ingredient is caffeine. Old World sells kola nuts at the checkout counter, where one would normally expect to find candy, for 49 cents apiece. - Heading further north, we visited the Indian and Pakistani district of Devon Avenue in West Rogers Park. There, amid the produce markets, restaurants, sari palaces and video stores, we found the House of Chat, 2642 W. Devon Ave. This 10-year-old establishment may use chat (a chickpea-based snack) in its name, but it is much better known for two things: its famous lentil and beef sandwiches (called bun kababs) and pan, the pick-me-up breath-freshener of South Asia. Made with a fresh betel nut leaf stuffed with fennel seeds, cardamom seeds, coriander seeds, shredded coconut, ground rose petals, chopped betel nuts, tobacco and sugar, a pan often resembles a small green taco by the time it is fully stuffed. House of Chat panmaker Ahmed Mitani says that although some people use them as a stimulant, these perfumy packets of chaw are chiefly about flavor. "Most people use it for mouth-freshening but some use it to stay awake. It just depends on the amount of tobacco or betel nut they use," he noted. Those who want to try pan should start by ordering a simple sweet preparation, then stick the packet between cheek and gum and have a cup ready for the inevitable red spit that it produces. Warning: Like chewing tobacco juice, pan juice should not be swallowed. One pan at the House of Chat costs $1. - Moving south and west, we made our way to Albany Park's Arirang Supermarket, 4017 W. Lawrence Ave., to learn how Koreans get a buzz. There we found, as in most Korean shops, a vast array of health drinks, vitamin drinks and, of course, ginseng tonics. We picked up a 10-pack of Korean Red Ginseng Drink which contains sugar, water and Korean red ginseng extract. Although there are no health claims printed on the product, Korean ginseng has been shown in studies, including some at the University of Illinois at Chicago, to be, as one of the studies said, "effective as a preventative or restorative agent for enhancement of mental and physical capabilities in cases of weakness, exhaustion, loss of concentration (primarily under stress) and during convalescence." According to Lisa Park, daughter of Arirang owner Yun Hee Park, customers buy the drinks in the belief that it contributes to long-term energy and health; but she adds that she can't vouch for it either way. A 10-pack of Korean Red Ginseng Drink costs $12.99. If you prefer your ginseng in fresher form, head for Ssyal Ginseng at 3604 W. Lawrence Ave. There, you can sip ginseng shakes made of fresh ginseng, milk and honey for ($2) or purchase a large beaker filled with vodka and ginseng roots ($70-$200) that, according to owner Ok Soon Kim, customers buy for sick friends. - Driving further west, we arrived at a shop that from the outside looks like a typical liquor store but inside turns out to be a treasure trove of Argentine culture. The shop, the Buenos Aires Deli, 3100 N. Cicero Ave, sells more than a dozen forms of the famous Argentine herbal drink yerba mate--and, as demonstrated by owner Ramon Mario Gimenez, almost as many kinds of receptacles and straws with which to drink it. This herby beverage (it comes as a tea and even in soft drink form) has been touted as an invigorator of the mind and body as well as a promoter of health par excellence. It also contains healthy levels of vitamins C, E, B1, B2 and B-complex as well as magnesium, phosphorus, iron and potassium, but Gimenez says that in his country it is less a health drink than a part of everyday life. "We drink it like the English drink tea," he says. Although Gimenez sells yerba mate tea in bags, he says the more traditional drink should be made with warmed -- not boiled -- water. After viewing his wide array of mate cups (including a big, no-spill model for truckers) made of wood, bamboo and gourds, we purchased a gourd-and-metal one along with a stainless steel straw (called a bombilla) that features a strainer at one end to filter out tea leaves and, yes, twigs. The cup costs $7.99; the straw is $5.99; a 500 gram bag of yerba mate tea costs $2.19; and a ready-to-drink can of Materva (which Gimenez says he's never seen in Argentina) is 59 cents. - After a hunt, we found guarana soda, a supercharged South American beverage made from the guarana seed, at the primarily Argentine specialty market El Mercado, 3767 N. Southport Ave. The drink, which can be bought in large plastic bottles as well as in cans and glass bottles, comes in two different forms: Guarana Brazilia and Guarana Maracana. Although guarana is often referred to as a caffeinated drink, it actually contains guaranine, a different substance that has the same chemical composition as caffeine. In addition to its properties as a stimulant, guarana is often used in Europe and the Americas to treat headaches and promote overall health. A 12-ounce can of Maracana costs 89 cents, while the 12-ounce bottle of Brazilia is 99 cents. The foregoing are the buzzes we did find on our tour. But there were at least three that escaped us. First was the popular chewing leaf called qat, used for an energy buzz by all ages in Somalia, Ethiopia and Yemen. And although we found plenty of kava capsules at drug stores, we couldn't find a place that served the traditional Fijian kava drink in Chicago. And finally, our search for a place to enjoy the popular Peruvian beverage coca tea (yes, made from the same leaves that, in much larger volumes, are used to make cocaine) was never successful. Probably, our difficulty stemmed from the fact that at least two of these substances are considered illegal by the DEA. But as with many other formerly exotic substances, it may just be a matter of time before they are accepted into the ever-widening cornucopia of potions that contribute to the American buzz.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Where There's Smoke, There's Another Marijuana Protest ('The Centre Daily Times' In Pennsylvania Says Retired Penn State Professor Julian Heicklen Was Arrested For The Fifth Time Since January For Marijuana Possession At The Front Gates Of The Penn State Campus At The Start Of The '30-Hour Marijuana Smoke Out,' Held Thursday Through Sunday In Conjunction With The Central Pennsylvania Festival Of The Arts And Featuring 23 Speakers, Including Dr. Lester Grinspoon Of Harvard)Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 11:31:00 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US PA: Where There's Smoke, There's Another Marijuana Protest Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Centre Daily Times (PA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.centredaily.com/ Author: Chris Gosier, Centre Daily Times Note: Please indicate whether your comments may be considered for publication. WHERE THERE'S SMOKE, THERE'S ANOTHER MARIJUANA PROTEST UNIVERSITY PARK -- Retired Penn State professor Julian Heicklen was arrested for marijuana possession at the front gates of the Penn State campus Thursday during what is being billed as a 30-hour demonstration to protest laws against the drug. Heicklen said that he had already been arrested five times for marijuana possession since January and is awaiting a trial date. "The lighted marijuana weed is the torch of freedom," he said over a portable loudspeaker, smoking what he claimed was a marijuana cigarette. "It is immoral to arrest someone for owning a vegetable." Heicklen and about a dozen supporters sat at the intersection of South Allen Street and College Avenue beginning at noon as crowds attending the Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts swarmed around them. Penn State police arrested Heicklen at 12:55 p.m. after smelling the smoke from the cigarette. Heicklen went limp, forcing police to drag him away and lift him into a police car as supporters cheered his cause. District Justice Carmine Prestia arraigned Heicklen at 2:40 p.m. and set bail at $50,000. Heicklen was sent to Centre County Prison, where he was being held as of 4:30 p.m. Thursday. The Centre County Libertarian Party sponsored the demonstration, called the 30-Hour Marijuana Smoke Out. It is scheduled to run eight hours a day from Thursday through Saturday and six hours on Sunday, when the arts fest ends. Lester Grinspoon, a psychiatry professor at Harvard Medical School who has written in favor of legalizing marijuana, is one of 23 scheduled speakers for the event. Other speakers include Libertarian Party candidates for state offices and officials with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. Prior to his arrest, Heicklen acknowledged the harmful effects of smoking marijuana but said that possessing the drug should be legal anyway. "The most fundamental human right of all is to have control over your own body," he said. "That means the right to do stupid things with it, as long as you don't hurt anyone." Other demonstrators said marijuana can be used as an effective sleep aid, pain reliever or antidepressant. Penn State freshman Rebecca Seifried, observing the rhetorical styles at the demonstration as an assignment for an English class, said the medical value of marijuana is not absolute. "Most medicines have side effects," she said, noting that marijuana has been found to cause memory loss. "That's pretty significant," she said. "It might get out of control."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Pot Substance May Stay Strokes (A Letter Sent To The Editor The Everett, Washington, 'Herald' In Response To The Recent News About Researchers At The US National Institute For Mental Health Identifying Two Active Components Of Marijuana They Think Could Be Used To Prevent Brain Damage After Strokes Notes The Research Isn't The First To Suggest Cannabinoids May Protect The Brain, And Includes The Text Of A 1993 'Science News' Report, 'Marijuana And The Brain - Scientists Discover The Brain's Own THC')Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 19:27:43 -0700 (PDT) From: email@example.com (Darral Good) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: HT: SENT:STROKE DRUG utilizes ancient medicine, MARIJUANA Cc: Mgreer@mapinc.org Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Subject: STROKE DRUG utilizes ancient medicine, MARIJUANA Dear Editor, Congratulations for being one of the few newspapers around to report on the new medication -'cannabidiol', which is made from marijuana and very useful for stroke victims. (Pot substance may stay strokes- Herald JULY 6TH 1998) Although I must tell you that this type of information has been common scientific knowledge for many years now. It was reported in an article as early as: Source: Science News, Feb 6, 1993 v143 n6 p88(3). Title: Marijuana and the brain: scientists discover the brain's own THC. (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) Author: Kathy A. Fackelmann If some of the chemicals in marijuana may protect the brain from the damage caused by injuries and stroke, who cares if it gets the users "high"? Many of today's most useful medications make people get extremely high , and we don't ban those medications. ( such as opiates) So far Doctors haven't seen fit to remove the "get high" out of codiene, valium, or morphine. If the benefits of a drugs out-weigh the risks, then it should be up to the Doctors and their patients which herb or medication is ultimately used, after all it's their business, not the police's!. DARRAL GOOD Member of the Board of Directors of the Washington Hemp Education Network for more up to date info on medical marijuana check out: URL: http://www.olywa.net/when/main.html 3023 russel way lynnwood wa 98037 425-771-8936 *** Source: Science News, Feb 6, 1993 v143 n6 p88(3). Title: Marijuana and the brain: scientists discover the brain's own THC. (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) Author: Kathy A. Fackelmann Abstract: William A. Devane isolated a substance in pig brains that resembles delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the active ingredient in marijuana. Study of the substance, anandamide, could lead to the development of new drugs for pain and stress. Subjects: Tetrahydrocannabinol - Physiological aspects Neurochemistry - Research Electronic Collection: A13434805 RN: A13434805 Full Text COPYRIGHT Science Service Inc. 1993 William A. Devane was poring over his favorite book, The Life Divine, by Indian philosopher Sri Aurobindo, when he came across the Sanskrit word ananda, which means bliss. For several years, Devane had been searching for a brain compound that resembles the active ingredient in marijuana. Then and there he decided that if his quest proved successful, he would name the elusive chemical after ananda. Of course, Devane still had to find the compound, a task that involved sorting through thousands of substances active in the brain. But find it he did. Late in December 1992, Devane and a group of Israeli colleagues at Hebrew University in Jerusalem reported isolating a natural marijuana-like compound in pig brains. Now that he has the marijuana-mimicking, pig-produced chemical, Devane is searching for the same stuff in human brains while working in a cramped laboratory of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in Bethesda, Md. The notion that the brain makes its own marijuana fits in with a previous discovery: During the 1970s, neuroscientists found that nerve cells manufacture compounds that resemble opium, an addictive drug obtained from the juice of the seeds of the poppy plant. This finding spurred an intensive effort to understand the brains natural opiate. Also in December 1992, two separate teams reported that they had mapped the structure of one of the opiate receptors, a protein on the nerve cell surface that recognizes and binds opiates, thus allowing these drugs to produce their mind-altering effects. Taken together, the reports raise many questions about why the healthy brain produces chemicals that resemble marijuana and opium. Many scientists speculate that such internal compounds help humans cope with stress and pain. The findings may help neuroscientists figure out how these brain-made substances work at the molecular level. Ultimately that knowledge will help drug designers develop better painkillers and stress busters. Marijuana-also known as grass, pot, Mary Jane, and a host of other names -- refers to the dried leaves and flowers of Cannabis sativa, a plant widely - and illegally - used in the United States as a recreational drug. Users typically roll the leaves into a paper wrapper and smoke the resulting marijuana cigarette. In small to moderate doses, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the plant's active ingredient, produces feelings of well-being and euphoria. In large doses, the drug can cause paranoia, hallucinations, and dizziness. But recreation isn't the only reason people smoke marijuana. Many people suffering from glaucoma turn to illicitly obtained marijuana to help restore their vision. The Drug Enforcement Administration still considers marijuana a Schedule 1 drug, however - one that has no accepted medical use. That may change. Joycelyn Elders, the Arkansas state health official who has been tapped as President Clinton's Surgeon General, has gone on record supporting the use of marijuana in the treatment of diseases such as glaucoma. Synthetic versions of THC are available with a doctor's prescription. In 1985, a lab-made THC received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval as an anti-nausea agent for cancer patients (SN: 6/15/85, p.377). And in December 1992, FDA approved the same drug to combat the weight loss that afflicts some people with AIDS. Physicians can also prescribe the synthetic THC for treatment of glaucoma, even though FDA has not specifically approved marketing the drug for that use. evane's search for "bliss" began in the 1980s, when he was completing his doctoral studies in pharmacology at the St. Louis (Mo.) University School of Medicine. In 1988, Devane, who had been working with cannabinoid researcher Allyn C. Howlett, discovered that the membranes of nerve cells contain protein receptors that bind THC. Once securely in place, THC kicks off a series of cellular reactions that ultimately lead to the "high" that users experience when they smoke a marijuana cigarette. The very existence of such a receptor implied that the human brain manufactures a marijuana-like substance: It seemed unlikely that humans had a specialized receptor just waiting for the plant-derived THC to show up. Thus, the 1988 discovery had laboratories all over the world scouting for a THC look-alike. Doctorate in hand, Devane left St. Louis for Jerusalem to pursue his search by working with Raphael Mechoulam, the Hebrew University chemist who had determined THC's structure. Before Devane, Mechoulam, and their colleagues could begin looking for the body's version of THC, they had to design a radioactive THC-like drug, or marker, whose location could be traced during brain cell studies. They fashioned such a drug, then mixed it with THC receptors; they found that the marker locked onto its target. The Israeli team needed a reliable source of brain cells. They couldn't get human brains, so Devane turned to a local butcher shop, where he bought pig brains. After grinding the brains up in a blender, the researchers had to sort through and separate thousands of brain chemicals. They tested each one to see if it would displace the radioactive THC from the receptor. Devane calls that search a little like looking for a needle in a haystack. But eventually the team's hard work paid off: They discovered a substance that fit neatly into the THC receptor. The researchers labored for two more years to get enough of the purified compound - a drop of clear, oily fluid - to examine in detail. Using a technique called mass spectrometry, they determined the structure of the substance. Devane, of course, had no trouble coming up with a name, anandamide. Anandamide is derived from arachidonic acid, a 20-carbon carboxylic acid that is the starting point for a cascade of complex biochemical reactions. One branch of that cascade leads to the production of the leukotrienes, key substances in the inflammation process. Another branch leads to substances known as prostaglandins, which play a role in mediating pain. Devane believes another, as yet uncharted branch of this cascade leads to anandamide. The Hebrew University scientists weren't through with anandamide just yet. They had shown that the new compound docked with the THC receptor, but they still had to demonstrate that anandamide stimulates the receptor and leads to effects similar to those produced by THC. So Devane and his Israeli colleagues turned to a classic experiment with mice. They began by isolating sections of the mouse vas deferens, the muscular duct that carries sperm from the testes to the urethra. They knew that the vas deferens contracts when jolted by an electric shock and that THC inhibits this socalled twitch response. The investigators discovered that anandamide works like THC, preventing the vas deferens from contracting after electrical stimulation. Their finding indicates that anandamide behaves like THC, at least in this mouse model. The Israeli team published their findings in the Dec. 18 SCIENCE. The saga of anandamide is far from over. When Devane left Hebrew University last year, he took his interest in this marijuana-like drug with him to NlMH. In Building 36 on the grounds of the National Institutes of Health, Devane and his NIMH colleagues continue to gather data on this intriguing chemical. Indeed, Chris Felder and Eileen Briley, two of Devane's co-workers, have collected more powerful evidence that anandamide functions like the body's own THC. Felder and Briley wanted to construct a laboratory model of the way the active ingredient in pot interacts with a cell. To do that, they inserted the human gene that codes for the THC receptor into hamster cells. When the researchers bathed the doctored cells with THC, they measured the expected drop in the cell's production of cyclic AMP, a key chemical involved in many cellular reactions. Next, Felder and Briley took a petri dish filled with genetically altered hamster cells and poured in a purified form of anandamide. Again, they measured a decline in cyclic AMP Unaltered cells treated with anandamide showed no such drop. Anandamide didn't produce as big a drop in cyclic AMP as THC did. This suggests that the natural marijuana-like substance produced by human brains may be weaker than the plant-derived THC. "It is not quite as potent as delta-9, but it's close," says Felder, who notes that their research has not yet been published. Will purified, concentrated doses of anandamide produce mind-altering effects in humans? Devane and Felder don't know yet, but they are hoping to test the compound in humans shortly, In the smaller doses that occur naturally in the body, anandamide may be involved in the regulation of mood, memory, pain, movement, and other activities, Devane says. The brain's reaction to marijuana may help explain the role of anandamide, says Michael J. Brownstein, chief of the NIMH Laboratory of Cell Biology. He notes that dogs given large doses of THC will stumble as though they were drunk. This observation suggests that a defect in anandamide or its receptor may cause certain diseases characterized by loss of motor control. For example, some scientists speculate that the natural marijuana-like substance may play a role in Huntington's chorea, a progressive hereditary disease that interferes with muscular control. There's no proof that anandamide is connected to Huntington's disease, cautions Miles A. Herkenham, an NIMH scientist. However, Herkenham's preliminary data suggest that people with Huntington's lose lots of THC receptors early in the disease process, even before symptoms start to surface. Herkenham's previous research (SN: 11/26/88, p. 350) produced a map of the THC receptors in the human brain. Others wonder if anandamide plays a role in eating disorders such as anorexia and excessive eating. Regular users of marijuana say that the drug leads to a feeling known as "the munchies." Scientists know that THC can, in fact, trigger a glucose craving. Such evidence suggests that anandamide is involved in appetite control, Brownstein says. The search for anandamide began with the discovery of the THC receptor. The flip side of that story is being played out in the related field of opiate research. Several decades ago, neuroscientists identified endorphins and enkephalins, opium-like compounds manufactured by the human brain. At that time, researchers also had evidence that opiate receptors existed. Yet their search for the structure of such receptors remained unsuccessful until late last year, when peptide chemist Christopher J. Evans of the University of California, Los Angeles, and his colleagues finally obtained a detailed picture of one type of opiate receptor. They published their finding in the Dec. 18 SCIENCE. The endorphins and enkephalins are similar to opium, heroin, and morphine, drugs derived from the seeds of the poppy plant Papaver somniferurm. Evans and his co-workers have identified and described the messenger RNA that carries the genetic blueprint for one type of opiate receptor from the DNA of a cell's nucleus to the receptor's production site. Why did it take so long? Evans says the messenger RNA for opiate receptors is very rare and difficult to isolate. But once they had the messenger RNA, the team could determine the amino acids that make up the receptor. After years of searching for one of these elusive receptors, a second team has also characterized an opiate receptor-almost certainly the same one as Evans' group. In the Dec. 15 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, Brigitte L. Kieffer of the Ecole Superieure de Biotechnologie in Strasbourg, France, and her co-workers describe an opiate receptor that looks remarkably similar to the one the U.S. team nabbed. The opiate receptor and the THC receptor belong to a family of proteins that do their work via molecules called G-proteins. Evans says such receptors work this way: An opiate or THC-like drug binds with the receptor on the outer surface of the cell. Once activated, the receptor acts on G-proteins inside the cell, a process that leads to a cascade of biochemical reactions - and a feeling of euphoria. The U.S. and French investigators identified the delta opiate receptor, a type of receptor that binds with enkephalins. In the future, researchers hope to find several other types of opiate receptors, a goal that should be easier now that a map of the delta receptor exists. Evans believes that a handful of genes probably direct the production of a host of opiate receptors, including this one. Neuroscientist Gavril W. Pasternak of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City predicts that the mapping of an opiate receptor will "revolutionize" the field of opiate research. Knowing the structure of this receptor (and others, once they are mapped), drug designers can begin to fashion new opiate compounds, perhaps ones that fulfill the age-old promise of relief from pain without ill effects. How is it that the brain evolved to manufacture compounds that resemble drugs of abuse? Some scientists speculate that as organisms evolved from single-celled creatures to complex ones, they needed a system to regulate a welter of interrelated physiological functions. Thus, humans and other creatures developed neurotransmitters, chemical messengers that allow nerve cells to communicate with one another in the brain and with other cells in the body. Like anandamide, the endorphins and enkephalins play a role in the healthy brain and are probably involved in immune function, motor control, and pain relief, Evans speculates. Such brain chemicals also play a part in an organism's response to danger, a throwback to the time when immediate pain relief meant animals could flee from an attacker without delay. Most modern humans don't have to worry much about tiger attacks, but stress remains ubiquitous. As neuroscientists learn more about anandamide, the endorphins, and their protein receptors, they will begin to compile a much better picture of the way these feel-good chemicals influence human behavior. *** [Portland NORML notes: To understand how this research led to other research showing why marijuana is not a drug of abuse, see the 1995 article, Marijuana and the Human Brain, by Jon Gettman, former director of NORML.]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Justice Department To Appeal Ruling On Testimony (According To 'The San Francisco Chronicle,' US Justice Department Officials Said Yesterday They Would Appeal A Startling Ruling By A Federal Appeals Court In Denver That Forbids Prosecutors From Promising Leniency To Witnesses In Exchange For Their Testimony Against Other Criminal Defendants) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:55:07 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Justice Dept To Appeal Ruling On Testimony Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom O'Connell) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Section: A 10 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Joan Biskupic, Washington Post JUSTICE DEPT TO APPEAL RULING ON TESTIMONY Surprise decision to bar deals could stifle prosecutors Washington Justice Department officials said yesterday they will appeal a startling ruling by a federal appeals court in Denver that forbids prosecutors from promising leniency to witnesses in exchange for their testimony against other criminal defendants. The ruling last week challenges standard prosecutorial practice of securing accomplices' testimony, in order to build a case against more dangerous or important defendants. The three-judge panel used a novel interpretation of federal law that conflicts with decisions by her lower courts. But because the ruling now stands as the law in western states, it has become the talk of federal prosecutors and criminal defense attorneys around the country. "If the decision is read very, very broadly, it could have a very wide-ranging impact," Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder Jr. A yesterday. "It goes to the way in which prosecutors at the federal, state, local levels have conducted themselves for a good number of years." The department is asking the full judicial panel of the 10th Circuit to hear the case and that the effect of the July 1 decision be postponed while the appeal is pending. If the decision is upheld by the full 10th Circuit, whose jurisdiction includes Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming, the government could petition the Supreme Court. Only if the Supreme Court were to affirm the ruling would it affect cases nationwide. The decision rests on the theory that promising a lesser sentence for testimony at trial violates a federal bribery statute. Although some legal experts said it was a good candidate for reversal, the decision nonetheless calls into question how prosecutors operate. The government often targets the big players in criminal wrongdoing by offering lesser sentences to their accomplices in exchange for testimony. "Prosecutors pay off cooperating witnesses with promises of money, soft sentencing and promises not to prosecute at all," said Gerald Lefcourt, president of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. "The enormous power of the government to lock up a defendant for life, or to free him altogether, creates an enormous incentive to lie." But Holder said that prosecutors strive for "truthful testimony," even when it's the product of a plea bargain or other deal. "Any responsible prosecutor always tries to substantiate (what) any witness for the government is going to be saying," he said. The federal law at issue prohibits offering anything of value to a witness for his testimony. The woman who brought the appeal, Sonya Singleton, had been convicted on cocaine and money-laundering charges. She argued in the 10th Circuit case that federal prosecutors broke that law by promising leniency to a witness in return for his testimony against her. The 10th Circuit panel, in a decision written by Judge Paul J. Kelly Jr., said the law provides no exception for prosecutors and concluded, "Promising something of value to secure truthful testimony is as much prohibited as buying perjured testimony." The panel acknowledged that the Supreme Court in a 1972 case had said that the government must disclose at trial a promise of leniency made in return for a witness' testimony, but rejected arguments that that ruling means promising leniency is legal. The panel noted that its ruling conflicts with decisions from other lower courts and that its position was based on a reading of federal law, not any constitutional mandate. As such, if the ruling ever were to be affirmed, Justice Department officials said, Congress could rewrite the bribery statute to include an exception for prosecutors. Since the ruling last week, a high-profile case in the 10th Circuit has been the subject of some speculation: Timothy J. McVeigh was convicted in the Oklahoma City bombing after Michael Fortier, who cut a deal with prosecutors, testified against him. But whether the new ruling could help McVeigh on appeal is guesswork.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Government To Fight For Plea Bargains ('The San Jose Mercury News' Version) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 14:39:15 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Government To Fight For Plea Bargains Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Mercury News Wire Services GOVERNMENT TO FIGHT FOR PLEA BARGAINS It Challenges Appeals-Court Decision Outlawing Prosecution Tool WASHINGTON -- The Justice Department said Thursday that it would appeal a Colorado appeals-court ruling that prohibits prosecutors from obtaining witnesses' testimony with promises of leniency, a ruling that could jeopardize criminal cases nationwide. Government officials believe the decision by Denver's 10th Circuit Court of Appeals undermines a tactic used commonly by prosecutors, and that it might threaten recent convictions won by plea agreements, including the Oklahoma City bombing cases. ``If the decision is read very, very broadly,'' said Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder, ``it could have a very wide-ranging impact.'' In last week's ruling, a three-judge panel said plea negotiating was akin to bribery, and ordered a new trial for a woman accused in a drug conspiracy case. ``Promising something of value to secure truthful testimony is as much prohibited as buying perjured testimony,'' the panel ruled. ``If justice is perverted when a criminal defendant seeks to buy testimony from a witness, it is no less perverted when the government does so.'' A different panel of the same court is considering the appeal of Timothy McVeigh, who was sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing. During McVeigh's trial and the trial of his partner, Terry Nichols, prosecutors relied on the testimony of Michael Fortier, a co-defendant. Fortier was sentenced to 12 years in prison after he outlined McVeigh's plan to blow up the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. The blast killed 168 people. Joseph Hartzler, chief prosecutor against McVeigh, said Thursday that he believed that the conviction against McVeigh would stand because defense lawyers did not raise objections to the plea agreement in earlier appeals. McVeigh's attorneys could not be reached for comment, but former federal prosecutor Ronald Woods, who helped represent Nichols, said: ``This decision is a topic of conversation in every U.S. attorney's office across the country.'' Nichols was sentenced to life in prison last month. His appeal has yet to be filed. The Justice Department is asking the nation's U.S. attorney's offices to notify Washington of an expected flood of requests from defense attorneys across the country seeking to have their clients' convictions overturned. ``It goes to the way in which prosecutors at the federal, state, and local levels have conducted themselves for a good number of years,'' Holder said. Holder, the former U.S. attorney in Washington, also defended the prosecutor's art of deal-making with criminals. ``Any responsible prosecutor always tries to substantiate (what) any witness for the government is going to be saying,'' he said. ``And especially . . . in instances where the testimony is elicited after some kind of a deal is struck.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Appeals Court Stays Leniency Ruling ('Reuters' Says The Denver-Based US 10th Circuit Court Of Appeals Friday Unexpectedly Stayed Last Week's Ruling By A Three-Judge Appellate Panel That Bars Federal Prosecutors From Promising Leniency To Cooperative Witnesses In Criminal Cases) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 13:59:36 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: WIRE: Appeals Court Stays Leniency Ruling Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: David.Hadorn@vuw.ac.nz (David Hadorn) Source: Reuters Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Author: Robert Boczkiewicz APPEALS COURT STAYS LENIENCY RULING DENVER (Reuters) - The 10th Circuit Court of Appeals Friday postponed a controversial new ruling barring federal prosecutors from promising leniency to cooperative witnesses in criminal cases. The Denver-based court unexpectedly stayed last week's ruling by a three-judge appellate panel, one day after the Justice Department said it would ask the full U.S. appeals court to reverse the ruling which might affect many convictions, including those in the Oklahoma City bombing case. Friday's order said the court was acting on its own initiative to indefinitely postpone the effective date of the ruling until all 12 judges of the court can reconsider the decision that was issued by the three-judge panel. The July 1 ruling said it was illegal for federal prosecutors to offer leniency in exchange for testimony. It led to a backlash from prosecutors, members of Congress and editorial writers because of its negative effect on law enforcement. "The appeal will be set for oral argument during the November session of the court," the court said in a two-page order. The ruling applied only to the six states of the 10th Circuit, which covers Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming, but the Justice Department did not want it to be adopted by appeals courts in other parts of the country. Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder said it was difficult to say whether the ruling would affect the appeals of Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, who were convicted in the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995 that killed 168 people. A key witness in the case, Michael Fortier, testified after reaching a plea deal with prosecutors that promised him leniency. Several members of Congress said they would propose legislation to overturn the ruling. The panel's ruling had an immediate effect in some states because trials were approaching in cases in which prosecutors said their cases were dependent on testimony based on agreements that would be illegal under the new decision. REUTERS
------------------------------------------------------------------- Employee Not Indicted Over Death (A 'New York Times' Story Carried By 'The Associated Press' Says A Grand Jury In Raleigh, North Carolina, Refused Monday To Indict A Store Employee Who Beat To Death A Man Who Grabbed $130 From A Cash Register - Jason Cort's Parents Believe The Grand Jury Was Swayed Against Their Son Because Crack Was Found In His Body) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 12:59:30 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NC: Wire: Employee Not Indicted Over Death Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Associated Press EMPLOYEE NOT INDICTED OVER DEATH RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) -- Jason Cort grabbed $130 from the Food Lion cash register and ran out into the warm May night. A supermarket employee took off after him. Cort, the troubled product of a well-to-do suburban family, wasn't fast enough. Prosecutors say the store employee caught the 23-year-old Cort and beat him to death with a tree limb. The thrashing ended the hard-luck life of a young man who had struggled with depression, a learning disability, alcohol and cocaine. But the final chapter was written Monday, when a grand jury refused to indict the store employee, college student Daniel Abram Rodbourn, on manslaughter charges. ``It's telling the public that in an attempt to recover property, you can kill somebody,'' said Cort's father, Steven Cort. He and his wife, Cheryl, said they believe the grand jury was swayed against their son because crack was found in his body. ``In my opinion, the minute they asked, `Was he on drugs?' the curtain went down and Jason was on trial,'' Mrs. Cort said. Cort was a skinny, learning-disabled kid who was so indecisive he would ask his mother what to order off a restaurant menu. He grew herbs and cooked with his mother, a neuromuscular therapist. He would scold her if she tossed their cat off her lap, worried that the drop would hurt the pet. ``He was too sensitive for this world,'' said his father, a chemical engineer and entrepreneur. ``I think that made him easy prey.'' Rodbourn, a 25-year-old senior at North Carolina State University majoring in zoology, could not be reached for comment. Neither he nor his parents have listed telephone numbers, and an entry in the university's student directory was outdated. Prosecutors did not know if he had hired a lawyer. Cort's parents had enrolled him in a private school that specialized in learning-disabled students to help him graduate from high school. He was hospitalized with depression in his teens and sent to live with a grandparent so he could break off ties to friends who supplied him with drugs. Finally, in January, he graduated from a hairstyling academy. His parents celebrated with a ski trip to Aspen, Colo. A photo of Cort kicking back in an armchair, his snowboarding boots crossed, sits on a glass tabletop in a sun room of their home in Cary, a Raleigh suburb. Trying to stay away from his former drug buddies meant Cort had few friends. He would turn over his pay from a hair salon to his mother, trying to beat the temptation of drugs. But his parents suspect someone talked him into buying a fix and robbing the Food Lion on May 9. ``Jason was not a leader. He was a follower,'' Steven Cort said. ``He was an easy mark because of his sensitivity and his depression.'' Police told Cort's parents that Cort broke away from two Food Lion customers who tried to stop him at the door. A woman manager of the supermarket told Rodbourn, ``Go get him,'' according to police. Rodbourn caught up with Cort, the two fought, and the 140-pound, 5-foot-10 Cort broke free, police told the family. Rodbourn overtook him again and beat him, prosecutors said. Steven Cort said police told him Rodbourn beat his son with a 2-inch-thick, 5-foot-long tree branch. He said police told him one witness reported his son was struck at least 10 times. A second witness said Cort was hit at least twice as he lay on the ground. He suffered a broken skull, his parents said. Police thought Cort was drunk and had only minor injuries. He was taken to a hospital to sober up, but lost consciousness. He was taken off life support on May 13. A Food Lion spokeswoman refused to discuss the case or the store's policy on pursuing thieves. Assistant District Attorney Howard Cummings said he thought there was enough evidence to indict Rodbourn. ``The message is you get what you deserve, but I don't want to pass judgment on anybody,'' he told The News & Observer. District Attorney Colon Willoughby said the grand jury's decision effectively ends any attempt to prosecute. He said his office has a policy of not presenting a case to a new grand jury without fresh evidence. The Corts said they never wanted prison but would have advocated community service if Rodbourn had been tried and convicted. ``Drugs ruined my family,'' Mrs. Cort said. ``You cocoon them the best you can and then you have to set them free, and that's the scary part.'' Copyright 1998 The New York Times Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hempfest Set To Reap Reward Of Legal Battle ('The Jacksonville Times Union' Notes Tomorrow's Hemp Festival At Jacksonville Beach In Florida, Organized By Scott Bledsoe, Will Take Place Despite The Usual Best Efforts Of Public Officials To Suppress People's Right To Assemble Peacefully) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 12:42:40 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US FL: Hempfest Set To Reap Reward Of Legal Battle Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Friday, July 10, 1998 Source: Jacksonville Times Union Contact: http://www.Jacksonville.com/aboutus/letters_to_editor.html Website: http://www.Jacksonville.com/ Author: Allison Thompson Times-Union staff writer HEMPFEST SET TO REAP REWARD OF LEGAL BATTLE Scott Bledsoe has his hands full with last-minute details for tomorrow's Hempfest at Jacksonville Beach. But he's not so busy that he'll ignore his plans for the future. ''I don't know if we're going to Jacksonville Beach again,'' Bledsoe said. ''Maybe we'll go to Jacksonville and change the law there, too.'' Bledsoe was referring to Jacksonville Beach's special events policy, which Hempfest organizers - the Cannabis Action Network - said placed unreasonable financial and content-based requirements on them. The organization, which focuses on the legalization of industrial hemp and marijuana for medical purposes, successfully fought the law in federal court. Bledsoe expects at least 1,000 people at tomorrow's festival, which is from noon to 8 p.m. at the SeaWalk Pavilion. Several speakers, including an AIDS patient and a cancer patient who use marijuana to treat their illnesses and a woman who receives marijuana from the federal government as part of an experimental program, are scheduled to appear. At least five bands are to perform, Bledsoe said. Organizers will be circulating a petition to amend the state constitution to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes. The petition must have 435,000 signatures by the summer of 2000 to put the issue on the ballot in November of that year. Lt. Cliff Shank of the Jacksonville Beach Police Department said about four officers will be on duty during the daylong event. Police typically don't see an increase in arrests on weekends when the city hosts a festival, and Shank hopes that trend continues tomorrow. ''I don't expect any type of problem with it,'' he said. Bledsoe said he is proud of the work the group did to change the Jacksonville Beach policy and said other controversial groups will benefit from the lawsuit. Among the requirements the group protested were ones calling for the event to be approved by the Special Events Committee and forcing the group to have insurance. ''I think that we made an inroad and we made history, so to speak, in making a change to the law,'' he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- GOP Jabs Coburn In Needle Program Fight ('The Tulsa World' Says Oklahoma US Representative Tom Coburn Has Unleashed A Torrent Of Criticism From Fellow Republicans Because Of His 'Stealth Attack' On Needle Exchange Programs In Washington, DC) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 12:50:48 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Gop Jabs Coburn In Needle Program Fight Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Michael Pearson (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Tulsa World (OK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.tulsaworld.com Author: Jim Myers, World Washington Bureau GOP JABS COBURN IN NEEDLE PROGRAM FIGHT "The government should help drug users break their addictions, not continue them," Tom Coburn. WASHINGTON -- A stealth attack from U.S. Rep. Tom Coburn against a needle exchange program designed to fight the spread of AIDS in the District of Columbia unleashed a torrent of criticism from Coburn's fellow Republicans. Some believe it is yet another example of the GOP ignoring its own principles of staying off the back of local government. Coburn came up with the proposal, which would prevent the District of Columbia from using its own funds to pay for the program, but did not run with it himself. Instead, he handed it off to Rep. Charles Taylor, R-N.C., who chairs the House appropriations subcommittee that handles spending issues for the District of Columbia. Taylor reportedly has not publicly acknowledged his involvement, and his office stated Thursday that no one was authorized to comment on the issue. An aide with the Appropriations Committee also could not answer questions concerning it. In testimony before Taylor's subcommittee several days ago, Rep. Connie Morella, R-Md., said that such interference in local government affairs runs counter to GOP principles. ``The District of Columbia has one of the highest incidence of HIV infection in the country,'' Morella said. ``(It) has had a local needle exchange program in place since last year, an important tool in the city's fight against the spread of HIV and an important bridge to drug treatment service. Now, some members want to tell D.C. that it cannot spend its own funds to prevent HIV infections. ``This is simply wrong.' She pointed out the House has already gone on record against the use of federal dollars for such programs. Carol Schwartz, a GOP councilwoman in the district and mayoral candidate, also urged Taylor's panel to reject attempts to load up legislation with so-called riders on nonspending matters. ``The District of Columbia does not need to be the guinea pig for 535 individual congressional agendas,'' Schwartz said. ``That is not fair.'' She also said issues of local concerns should be decided by the citizens of the district. The U.S. Constitution gives Congress special authority over the District of Columbia and its affairs; lawmakers from time to time become directly involved in local issues. Schwartz said just ``because you can does not mean that you should'' exercise that power. Coburn was not available for comment. Besides the argument against congressional interference into local government, the different opinions on the success of such needle exchanges and the message they send appear to be driving the ongoing debate. Morella and others believe they are working. ``Scientific evidence supports the fact that needle exchange programs reduce HIV infection and do not contribute to illegal drug use,'' she said. Coburn rejects that view. In comments made immediately after the House vote to ban the use of federal dollars for needle exchanges, he compared attempts to limit HIV transmission by free needle exchanges for drug users to limiting lung cancer by passing out free low-tar cigarettes to teen smokers. Coburn also claimed that new studies run counter to claims put forth by proponents of needle exchanges that they are effective in reducing HIV rates. Two studies in Canada found needle exchange programs actually contributed to increased HIV transmissions, he said. Moreover, Coburn said, such programs send the wrong message. ``The government should help drug users break their addictions, not continue them,'' he said. Supporters of the district's program say the year-old program can help fight drug use in addition to HIV transmission. Those who receive the free needles must register with the program and are urged to seek treatment, they say. No one could say how seriously Taylor's panel was taking Coburn's proposal. Jim Myers can be reached at (202) 484-1424.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton's 'Up Side The Head' Wakeup Call To America (A 'Reuters' Article In 'The Toronto Star' Says Half Of The US Government's $2 Billion, Five-Year Advertising Campaign Promoting The War On Some Drug Users Is To Be Funded By The Private Sector) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 11:31:00 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Clinton's 'Up Side The Head' Wakeup Call To America Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Dave Haans Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Toronto Star (Canada) Page: A14 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thestar.com/ Author: Reuters CLINTON'S 'UP SIDE THE HEAD' WAKEUP CALL TO AMERICA ATLANTA (Reuters) - Seeking to shock children into avoiding illegal drugs, U.S. President Bill Clinton has launched an unprecedented $2 billion (U.S.) media blitz of provocative radio, television, newspaper and Internet ads. The money, half from the government and half to be raised from the private sector. will be spent over the next five years, beginning last night with simultaneous anti-drug advertisements on the four major American television networks. The ads are designed to be jarring, with one showing a girl screaming and smashing things with a frying pan while telling the audience this is what drugs will do to their lives. Another shows a child recounting her mother's warnings about talking to strangers and playing with matches. Asked what her mother said about drugs, the girl is silent. Officials said they wanted to use the most sophisticated techniques of television and Hollywood to shake children and their parents out of complacency about drugs. They described the effort as the largest anti-drug ad campaign ever launched. Critics say there is scant evidence such campaigns work and that the $1 billion in government money, and an equal amount in free air time and advertising space from media groups, could be better spent. Speaking in Atlanta, Clinton recalled his half-brother Roger's drug habit: "My brother nearly died from a cocaine habit and I've asked myself a thousand times: what kind of fool was I that I did not know that this was going on? "Nobody in America is free of this. Not the president, not any community, any school, any church, any neighbourhood. These ads are designed to knock America up side the head and get America's attention." Clinton was joined by Republican House of Representatives Speaker Newt Gingrich, who said Congress, which provided $195 million for the program's first year, would come up with the rest. "We are all trying to reach out to every young American and say: Don't do it," Gingrich said. BETTER SPENT The campaign has critics. "For the past 10 years, our nation's kids have been bombarded with anti-drug messages and it is these same kids who are experimenting with more drugs," said Ethan Nadelmann, of the Lindesmith Centre. Lindesmith is a drug policy group, financed by investor George Soros, who advocates decriminalizing some drugs and emphasizing treatment instead of punishment. "While these ads are well-intended, this money could be better spent on programs proven effective in reducing drug use, such as after-school programs and treatment on demand."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Clinton, Gingrich Promote New Anti-Drug Ad Campaign (The 'Associated Press' Version In 'The Chicago Tribune' Says House Speaker Newt Gingrich Pledged To Try To Win Congressional Approval For Expanding The $195 Million One-Year Campaign Into A Five-Year, $1 Billion Effort) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 14:34:16 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Clinton, Gingrich Promote New Anti-Drug Ad Campaign Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (email@example.com) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: 10 July 1998 Author: Associated Press Section: Sec. 1, page 14 CLINTON, GINGRICH PROMOTE NEW ANTI-DRUG AD CAMPAIGN ATLANTA -- Updating "Just Say No" with images to "knock America upside the head," President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced an anti-drug campaign aimed at bombarding the nation with hard-hitting ads, Starting Thursday night on network television, the government campaign intends to reach parents and kids at least four times a week with graphic images of drugs' destructiveness and children's vulnerability. "These ads were designed to knock America upside the head and get America's attention and empower all of you," Clinton told an audience of mostly children. Gingrich (R-Ga.) pledged to try to win congressional approval for expanding the $195 million one-year campaign into a five-year, $1 billion effort. The government will ask media outlets to match the federal money dollar for dollar. In a 1997 national survey, half of high school seniors and nearly one-third of 8th-graders reported using drugs. "I wanted to come here today to stand with the president to say that on a bipartisan basis--Democrats and Republicans, the legislative branch and the presidency-- we're all trying to reach out to every young American and say, `Don't do it,' " Gingrich said. The president recalled his younger brother, Roger, battling cocaine addiction. "What kind of fool am I that I didn't know what was going on? . . There's somebody like my brother back at your school who's a good kid, just a little lost," Clinton said. The campaign's first ads were in 75 Thursday newspapers. Though most of the campaign will be televised, the ads, which were produced free by some of Madison Avenue's premiere agencies, also will run on radio, billboards and the Internet. One spot walks viewers past school lockers into a classroom of small desks. "It's true," the announcer exhorts parents, "The use of marijuana has actually gone down . . . to the 5th grade. Talk to your kids now, before someone else does." Another is a spinoff of the fried egg "This is your brain on drugs" ad so widely used during the Partnership for a Drug-Free America's 11-year campaign, with its Reagan-era slogan "Just Say No." The updated version, about heroin's destructiveness, shows a frying-pan-wielding young woman smashing an egg and then tearing up her whole kitchen. That ad has been running since January in 12 test cities where it generated a 300 percent increase in calls to a national clearinghouse of information on drug use, said retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Clinton's drug policy director. At least $150 million of this year's appropriation will be spent directly on air time targeting middle-schoolers. That, according to 1997 Advertising Age figures, is more than Nike or Sprint spent to air single-brand ads. Based on a study of the test campaign, McCaffrey acknowledged it could be three years before anyone knows whether the ads are actually driving down drug use. Some activists doubted the ads' effectiveness.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Huge Anti-Drug Campaign To 'Knock America Upside The Head' (A Lengthier 'Associated Press' Version In 'The Orange County Register') Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 23:42:29 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Huge Anti-Drug Campaign To 'Knock America Upside The Head' Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk:John W.Black Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Author:Sandra Sobieraj-The Associated Press Policy:The ads-$1billion worth-will be on TV, radio, the Internet and in newspapers. Alanta-Updating "just say no" with images to "knock America upside the head," President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced an anti-drug campaign aimed at bombarding the nation with $1 billion in hard-hitting ads over the next five years. Starting Thursday night on network TV, the government campaign - bigger than last year's huge Nike and Sprint campaigns for comparison - intends to hit both parents and kids at least four times a week with graphic images of drugs' destructiveness and children's vulnerability. "These ads were designed to knock America upside the head and get America's attention and empower all of you," Clinton told an audience of mostly children. The ads were in 75 Thursday morning newspapers. Though the bulk of the campaign will focus on TV, ads produced free by some of Madison Avenue's premiere agencies will also run on radio, billboards and the Internet. Gingrich pledged to try to win congressional approval for expanding the $195 million, one-year campaign into a five-year, $1 billion taxpayer investment in stopping youth drug use. And the government will ask media outlets to match the federal money dollar for dollar. At least $150 million of this year's appropriation will be spent directly on air time targeting middle-schoolers. That, according to 1997 Advertising Age figures, is more than Nike or Sprint spent to air single-brand ads. Based on a study of the test campaign, Barry McCaffrey, Clinton's drug policy director, acknowledged it could be three years before anyone knows whether the ads are actually driving down drug use. Some doubted the ads' effectiveness. The Lindesmith Center, a research project of philanthropist George Soros, said the money would be better spent on after-school programs and drug treatment.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Anti-Drug Ad Blitz For Teenagers ('The Los Angeles Times' Version In 'The San Jose Mercury News') Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 13:47:55 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Anti-drug ad blitz for teenagers Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Author: Elizabeth Shogren, Los Angeles Times ANTI-DRUG AD BLITZ FOR TEENAGERS Nationwide campaign, costing $2 billion, will focus on television spots WASHINGTON -- In a rare meeting of the minds, President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich on Thursday jointly launched an unprecedented nationwide media campaign to discourage teens from using drugs. The campaign, which began with ads in 75 newspapers and spots on all four television networks Thursday night, is budgeted at $2 billion over five years. Although the bulk of the effort will focus on television, ads produced free by some of Madison Avenue's premier agencies will also run on radio, billboards and the Internet. But some drug-policy experts challenged the campaign's effectiveness. ``There's remarkably little evidence that it will work,'' said Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center Drug Policy Research Institute in New York. ``If we're going to spend billions of dollars, let's spend it on things that will make more of a difference.'' Nadelmann argues that providing drug treatment and alternate activities for youngsters would be a more savvy -- if less flashy -- approach. Lawrence Wallack, a professor of public health at the University of California-Berkeley, termed the campaign ``kind of like agreeing on the least common denominator and saying because we agree on it, therefore it is a good thing. It's the kind of strategy that makes everyone feel like something is being done on the problem. . . . Everybody is happy, but it is just not sufficient to have an impact on the problem.'' Wallack -- who advocates more mentoring programs and activities for teens to deal with a wide array of public-health problems from drugs to early pregnancies -- agreed that the campaign will increase awareness of the drug problem. This is a good first step, he said, but it is not a solution. He also criticized the effort for not targeting cigarette and alcohol use among teens. The anti-drug media campaign has been under way since January in 12 pilot cities in response to concern over the steady increase of drug use by teens in recent years. The creators of the television ads aimed to shake up children and their parents to address the problem of drug use. One shows a young woman wielding a frying pan -- wildly smashing it into things and then pausing to tell the audience that this is what drugs do to your brain. Another pictures a child recounting her mother's warnings not to play with matches. But when she's asked whether her mother warned her about drugs, she says nothing. ``These ads are designed to knock America upside the head and get America's attention,'' Clinton said in Atlanta, where he was joined by Gingrich as the campaign was unveiled nationally. Drawing on his personal experience, Clinton referred to the drug problems that once plagued his brother, Roger Clinton, and stressed that the message of the ads is for everyone. ``My brother nearly died from a cocaine habit and I've asked myself a thousand times: What kind of fool was I that I did not know that this was going on?'' the president said. The advertising blitz, crafted by Clinton's drug-control office in conjunction with the Partnership for a Drug-free America, will be funded half through federal dollars and half through donated air time and advertising space from media outlets. Although Congress has so far allocated funds only for the first year of the project, Gingrich said the rest of the money would come.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Schoolkids See Clinton And Gingrich In Rare Joint Appearance ('The New York Times' Version Notes Clinton Used The Occasion Of The Announcement Of The Anti-Drug Advertising Campaign To Attend A Political Fund-Raiser) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 12:38:52 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Schoolkids See Clinton and Gingrich in Rare Joint Appearance Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul Lewin Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Author: James Bennet DAYTONA BEACH, Fla. -- President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich made a rare joint appearance Thursday in Atlanta to crusade against illegal drug use, even as their parties are preparing to club each other with that issue in the congressional campaigns this fall. Before flying here to console the families and praise the firefighters who are grappling with Florida's fires, Clinton stopped in Atlanta to unveil a new advertising campaign against drugs that he said was designed to "knock America upside the head." Displaying a bipartisan front -- if a rather cool one -- before hundreds of schoolchildren in a conference center auditorium, Gingrich and Clinton described how drugs had affected them. The speaker said that the sister of one of his aides was left in a coma by a drug slipped into her drink; the president said that his brother, Roger, "nearly died from a cocaine habit." But with the congressional elections bearing down, the sense of shared purpose did not last. Immediately after Gingrich finished his remarks hailing the commercials' "bipartisan basis," an aide to Sen. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga., handed a statement to reporters in the auditorium that sharply assailed Clinton's drug policy. And after the anti-drug event, Clinton moved on to a $500,000 fund-raising lunch for Michael Coles, a Democrat who is challenging Coverdell for his Senate seat. He mocked Republicans as misrepresenting Democratic policies on the budget, guns and foreign policy. "They still milk that old cow every chance they get," Clinton said. Here in Florida, the president visited with families who lost most of their possessions to fire. Several people wept as they told Clinton their stories. Then the president spoke under a tent to several hundred firefighters and other emergency workers gathered at the Daytona International Speedway, which has served as a staging area. "I'm here," he said, "because I think it's important that every American knows that this summer, notwithstanding the great movies, the real American heroes are not up in space fighting asteroids, they're in Florida fighting fires." After driving the short distance to the speedway from the airport, Clinton and his motorcade took a stately quarter-lap on the 2.5-mile oval. The last car of the three-dozen-vehicle motorcade had barely reached the track as the first vehicle left it. As in Georgia, Clinton combined his official duties in Florida with political ones. He flew to Miami for an $800,000 dinner on behalf of congressional candidates at the home of the actor Sylvester Stallone. Presenting Clinton with the boxing gloves he wore in "Rocky," Stallone compared him to the title character, saying he "has an uphill battle but doggedly asks for one more round just to keep punching, keep punching, keep punching until finally he gets his point across." Stallone concluded: "It's been a grand evening. I shan't forget it." The president thanked Stallone for the gift and said: "I think I've established that I can take a punch. Now the time has come for me to deliver a few." The new advertising campaign, supervised by the Campaign for a Drug-Free America, is financed this year with $195 million in federal money that organizers expect to be matched by media organizations. Some commercials, tailored to different racial and age groups, have already been broadcast in test markets; the national campaign began Thursday night. In Atlanta, the president and speaker sat with several people between them, but they were careful to compliment each other's work against drugs. Both seemed to capture the children's attention with their stories. Clinton described learning from his brother that he had started drinking beer and smoking marijuana in high school. "I said, 'How often?"' he said. "He said, 'Every day.' And I thought to myself, 'What kind of family member was I?"' He told the audience: "There's somebody like my brother back at your school who is a good kid, just a little lost," adding: "You can save them." "The challenge of intellectual life is to be found in dissent against the status quo at a time when the struggle on behalf of underrepresented and disadvantaged groups seems so unfairly weighted against them." - Edward W. Said, Representations of the Intellectual, xvii.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Teen Helps Launch Anti-Drug Campaign ('The Oregonian' Version) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 13:03:49 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US OR: Teen Helps Launch Anti-Drug Campaign Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Michael (Miguet@NOVEMBER.ORG) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Oregonian, The Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Author: Spencer Heinz TEEN HELPS LAUNCH ANTI-DRUG CAMPAIGN James Miller III, a Central Catholic High School student, speaks about his mother's fight with drugs as a national anti-drug media campaign begins An impassioned Portland high school student and a flurry of eye-opening anti-drug ads figured into the presidential kickoff Thursday of an unprecedented ad campaign to stem teen drug abuse. Portland played a key part in the last six months as one of 12 test-market cities for some of the print, TV, radio and billboard ads. Those ads went national Thursday with President Clinton's and House Speaker Newt Gingrich's bipartisan push in Atlanta. "We know that the more young people fear drugs, the more they disapprove of them, the less likely they are to use them," Clinton said in launching the five-year, potentially $1 billion campaign. "Therefore, kicking America's drug habit requires a dramatic change in attitudes accompanied and reinforced by a dramatic increase in personal responsibility by all Americans." Beginning this week, the anti-drug campaign will bombard a target audience of parents and their children, ages nine to 18, with anti-drug messages on the four major TV networks and in 75 major newspapers. Some of Madison Avenue's premiere ad agencies produced the ads free. The Oregonian, local television stations and various other Oregon outlets have been running the ads as part of Portland's test-market work. Although Thursday's teleconference program featured the president and others of prominence, one of the emotional peaks came when James Miller III, 17, who will be a senior this fall at Portland's Central Catholic High School, stepped to the microphone. He told a crowd of hundreds of grownups and children that he had joined the anti-drug movement after seeing the devastating power of drugs on his mother, who once used drugs. "James had every one of them spellbound," said Ed Maibach, of the Washington, D.C., firm that developed the ad campaign strategy. "James was exquisite," Maibach added. "In my opinion, he was the star of a stellar day." Back in Portland, his mother, Linda Annette Miller, 39, a crew supervisor for Greyhound bus lines, said her son had asked if he could tell about her successful fight against drugs, and she had proudly given her permission with the understanding it could give other families hope. "He wanted to know if he could mention me, but it still kind of bothered him," she said Thursday evening. She told him to go ahead. "If you don't talk about the past," she said, "you can never focus on the future." Linda Miller said she had been clean and sober from cocaine, marijuana and alcohol abuse since James said something eight years ago. "James was 9 years old, and he came to visit me, and he said, 'Mama, can we talk?' And I said sure. He said, 'Mom, people are talking about you, and they're talking to you around us, and it hurts, and I just wanted to know if you could get yourself clean and sober, get yourself cleaned up.' "And I did." James, who was en route to Portland late Thursday, lives with his father, James Miller Jr., and stepmother, Jackie Miller. Linda Miller said she and her son remain close. Maibach said he understood that James Miller's remarks prompted the president to depart from his prepared text and to recall his brother Roger's battle with cocaine. "What kind of fool was I that I did not know this was going on?" Clinton said. He added, "There's somebody like my brother back at your school who's a good kid, just a little lost." The ad campaign aims to "knock America upside the head," Clinton said in his kickoff. In a 1997 national survey, half of high school seniors and nearly one-third of eighth-graders reported having used drugs. One spot walks viewers past school lockers into a classroom of pint-sized desks. "It's true," the announcer exhorts parents. "The use of marijuana has actually gone down . . . to the fifth grade. Talk to your kids now, before someone else does." Another is a spin-off of the fried egg "This is your brain on drugs" ad so widely used during the Partnership for a Drug-Free America's 11-year campaign. The updated version, about heroin's ruinous power, shows a frying-pan-wielding young woman smashing an egg and then tearing up her whole kitchen. That ad has been running since January in the 12 test cities, including Portland. The ad generated a 300 percent increase in calls to a national drug-use clearinghouse, said retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Clinton's drug policy director. Calls to the Regional Drug Initiative's Portland phone number went from about 20 a month before the test-market campaign started to about 130 a month since then, said spokesman Larry Langdon in Portland. Langdon said, "If it really has a major impact, I think in a year or so you'll see some reductions in drug use." For information and referrals in the Portland area, call 294-7074. Elsewhere in Oregon, call 1-800-822-6772. The Associated Press contributed to this report.
------------------------------------------------------------------- New Drug Campaign Gets Mixed Reviews - Area Parents Say Message Is Important (Version In The Illinois 'Daily Herald') Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 12:38:52 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: New Drug Campaign Gets Mixed Reviews -- Area Parents Say Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Daily Herald (IL) Sec: Sec. 1, page 15 Contact: email@example.com Web: http://www.dailyherald.com Author: TERESA MASK NEW DRUG CAMPAIGN GETS MIXED REVIEWS -- AREA PARENTS SAY MESSAGE IS IMPORTANT Just say no. That's the simple warning students got about drugs during the Reagan era. Suburban residents remember it well. It was the start of such programs as Drug Awareness Resistance Education, commonly known as DARE. But today's students are getting more sophisticated, more expensive messages, thanks to President Clinton and a $2 billion advertising campaign. The campaign, which began Thursday, is aimed at bombarding students with hard-core messages about the dangers of drugs and the importance of parental involvement. Suburban parents have mixed reactions about whether the television, radio and newspaper ads will work, and about the amount of money being spent on the campaign. "Certainly you want that message to get out," said Donna Baiocchi, a Schaumburg Township Elementary District 54 school board member. "But that kind of money should be allocated to address problems in our community." She said she doubts students will take notice of the commercials, especially if they are played during a "disrespectful sitcom or violent program." "I can't imagine that it's going to affect more than one or two children in District 54," she said. But one or two is all that matters, said Bartlett parent Karen Carney. "We need to make a difference one kid at a time," said Carney, an Elgin Area Unit District 46 school board member. She said the advertisements will be successful because "kids listen when they are bombarded." Besides, she said, the more information they have, the better. Rolling Meadows DARE officer Tony Luzin agrees. Despite a recent study that said suburban children who took DARE showed a slightly higher use of alcohol and drugs than those who never had the program, the "say no to drugs" message should be pushed as often as possible, Luzin said. In fact, he said, it needs to be pushed continually from the time the students leave the DARE programs, which often are in fifth or sixth grades. That's what Arlington Heights resident Debbie Lange would like to see. She knows the drug messages hit home to younger children, though she's not so sure it will stick with them as they grow up. "When they are little, the awareness is there. They know they aren't supposed to do that and that drugs are stupid," she said. "Whether they carry that same attitude when they get older, I'm not so sure."
------------------------------------------------------------------- President To Kids - Don't Inhale Either ('San Francisco Examiner' Columnist Rob Morse Is Both Critical And Insightful About The US Government's New 'Anti-Drug' Media Blitz, Concluding That President Clinton Is Wasting Huge Amounts Of Taxpayers' Money Blanketing The Airwaves And Cyberspace To Reach Kids Who Will Never Have A Drug Problem, While Leaving The Ones With Real Problems To Go Without Guidance Or Treatment - Of Course, He Will Reach All The Voters)Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 17:54:02 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Column: President to kids: Don't inhale either Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Author: Rob Morse, Examiner Columnist PRESIDENT TO KIDS: DON'T INHALE EITHER PRESIDENT CLINTON launched his $2 billion anti-drug campaign on Thursday and, like most things he does, it was all media hype. He even said so. That's what Clinton calls the five-year program -- the "Anti-Drug Media Campaign," as if all problems can be solved with the right spin in the right ads. It's the thoroughly modern non-answer to a problem by the thoroughly modern politician. The campaign is supposed to let teenagers know -- via TV, the radio and the Internet -- that drugs are bad, and they shouldn't try so-called "gateway drugs" like marijuana. It's a huge, multimedia, dot-com version of "Reefer Madness." Yeah, that'll work. That'll keep kids from trying drugs. "We can see evidence that ads can sell things," said Kendra E. Wright, head of a Beltway drug policy outfit called Family Watch. "But we have no evidence that they can unsell things." Yes, but ads can be so good at selling voters on the idea that you're doing something positive for America's children. In fact, the ads may have exactly the wrong impact. Wright described some of the ads she and her children have seen because Washington, D.C., has been one of the 10 test markets for the campaign. "One ad shows a good-looking kid with a skateboard smoking a joint. We showed it to some social scientists and they said they're almost glamorizing drugs." One of the ads, according to Wright, actually gave the wrong kind of education in drugs. "I have two stepsons, 10 and 14, and they watched one ad about using household inhalants to get high. They didn't know anything about this before. Now they know how to do it." Things you can learn from your government. Another ad was canceled because of the uproar it caused among gays. "It showed a young boy using drugs, so-called gateway drugs, going on to heroin, then becoming a male prostitute selling his body to men," said Wright. "It was as if being gay was worse than being a heroin addict." Well, ad campaigns are very tricky things. "It's hard to boil down large problems to a 30-second spot," said Wright. It's especially hard when you're trying to unsell drugs, and right between ads selling beer. What, exactly, is the message here, when beer is the gateway to alcohol addiction, which is responsible for 100,000 deaths a year? Well, the message I get is that Clinton wants to look tough on drugs, sympathetic to youth, and stay on the good side of TV networks, which earn $626 million a year in revenues from beer ads. Now broadcasters are going to be making almost that much from anti-drug ads, with no mention of alcohol as the most prevalent drug of all. Well, that's not exactly right. TV is the most prevalent drug of all. "What TV and drugs have in common is that they're what kids turn to when they're bored," Wright said. "What kids need is after-school programs. If the kids aren't busy, they turn to drugs." The curious thing about this anti-drug media campaign is that it presumes kids don't have anything better to do than watch TV, listen to radio or surf the Internet. Or take drugs. It doesn't actually give them anything better to do. The president could have funded hundreds of Big Brother/Big Sister Programs, which actually seem to keep at-risk kids off drugs and alcohol. Yes, alcohol, too, something Clinton's media campaign won't mention, along with tobacco. Imagine bored kids' responses when they see anti-drug ads on TV between the images of beautiful young people playing in the Rockies with Coors. Kids are natural skeptics and will know that these anti-drug ads are just the propaganda arm of a failed drug war. Well, that's not what they'll say. They'll just say "bogus" or something else beginning with B. Many of these kids have been through the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program. According to a federally funded study published in the American Journal of Public Health in 1994, kids who went through DARE are no less likely to say no to drugs than kids who had not gone through the program. But adults like the illusion that they're doing something about drugs, especially when so many adults don't really know what their own kids are doing, or have much control over them. They'll probably like the illusion that the president is doing something, too, even though a series of presidents have failed in fighting drugs. The statistics are amazing, considering all the "just say no" and all the films of DEA agents making busts. Ninety-seven percent of high school seniors say marijuana is easy to obtain. Half the kids in America have tried it; however, only 5 percent of them go on to serious drug problems. Clinton is wasting huge amounts of taxpayers' money blanketing the airwaves and cyberspace to reach kids who will have no problems with drugs, while leaving the ones with real problems to go without guidance or treatment. Of course, he will reach all the voters. 1998 San Francisco Examiner
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jury Is Out On $1 Billion Anti-Drug Effort (A Staff Editorial In 'The Houston Chronicle' Wonders Whether Young, High Minds Can Be Won By Hype, And Asks Why Alcohol Abuse Isn't Targeted In The Government's New Anti-'Drug' Messages) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 14:39:15 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: Editorial: Jury Is Out On $1 Billion Anti-Drug Effort Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chron.com/ JURY IS OUT ON $1 BILLION ANTI-DRUG EFFORT Once again, Washington politicians have shown skill at spending money and announcing it with great fanfare. But whether the "hard-hitting" $195 million anti-drug campaign announced by President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich this week will have as skillful an impact on young people's appetites for drugs remains to be seen. Gingrich said he would try to get Congress to stoke the effort up to $1 billion over five years. The problem is painfully clear. In a 1997 national survey, half of high school seniors and nearly one-third of eighth-graders reported using drugs. But whether young, high minds can be won by the hype is a serious question. And why, critics have asked, isn't alcohol abuse included in the messages. Supporters say it could be three years before the campaign's results may be known. "These ads were designed to knock America upside the head and get America's attention and empower all of you," said Clinton to a group of youths. Give him an A for having the ad man's pitch nailed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Nation Needs Straight Talk About This War (You Won't Get It From This Staff Editorial In 'The Dallas Morning News' About The US Government's New $2 Billion Media Blitz Against 'Drugs') Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 11:31:00 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: Editorial: Nation Needs Straight Talk About This War Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Dallas Morning News Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dallasnews.com NATION NEEDS STRAIGHT TALK ABOUT THIS WAR The Clinton administration and congressional leaders announced Thursday that they will pour an unprecedented amount of money into a nationwide campaign to convince young people to stay away from drugs. The $2 billion effort will use nearly $200 million to purchase prime-time slots for television ads that scrape any remaining vestige of glamour from America's drug scene. Federal officials are seeking half the funds from the private sector. Be prepared for jarring scenes of people talking about heroin's ravages to interrupt your TV sitcoms. In one commercial commissioned by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America, a woman brings out the familiar egg and frying pan to describe your brain on drugs. Instead of frying the egg, she will smash up her entire apartment with the pan and say, "This is your brain on heroin." An advertising blitz cannot be the primary answer to the river of illicit narcotics flowing into the United States. Cutting off the traffickers and providing more outlets where addicts can receive treatment must be integral to this battle. But television can perhaps curtail America's demand for drugs. The drug-free partnership estimates that teenagers have spent an average of 12,000 to 15,000 hours watching TV by the time they graduate from high school. Parents have the primary assignment of keeping their children informed about drugs. But nightly TV ads discussing the "glamour" of going into prostitution to pay for drug habits make the task much easier.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Two Online Polls - Vote Early! (The Drug Reform Coordination Network Urges You To Take A Moment To Express Your Opinions About Drug Policy At The 'Time' Magazine And 'Associated Press' Web Sites) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 10:58:28 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: "Adam J. Smith" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Multiple recipients of list (email@example.com) Subject: Two online polls... vote early! Friends, Please take a moment to cast your vote in two IMPORTANT online polls. The first is on the Associated Press site, at http://www.allpolitics.com/1998/07/09/clinton.drug/ and asks: "whose responsibility is it to give anti-drug messages to kids?" Possible answers are 'parents' 'government' or 'both'. Let's "send a message" that it is families, not government who should be responsible for providing information and appropriate guidance. The second poll is on the TIME Online site at http://www.pathfinder.com/time/ and asks "is the drug war winnable?" The choices (which don't really correspond to the question) are "U.S. should legalize all drugs for those over 18" "U.S. should legalize marijuana only" and ""Continue Prohibition." PLEASE VOTE! These polls tend to influence editorial policy and decision-making. And please forward this message to others and urge them to vote as well! Let's capitalize on the terrific press we've been getting. - adam Adam J. Smith, JD Associate Director, Drug Reform Coordination Network (DRCNet) 2000 P Street, NW Suite 615 Washington, DC 20036 V: (202) 293-8340 F: (202) 293-8344 http://www.drcnet.org http://www.stopthedrugwar.org http://www.druglibrary.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- McCaffrey Still Fighting Drugs (An Idolatrous, One-Sided Portrait Of The Drug Czar As Hero By The Entirely Uncritical 'Associated Press') Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 14:02:28 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: WIRE: Mccaffrey Still Fighting Drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Michael (Miguet@NOVEMBER.ORG) Source: Associated Press Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Author: Janelle Carter MCCAFFREY STILL FIGHTING DRUGS WASHINGTON (AP) -- The images of smiling young people who died too soon are etched in Barry McCaffrey's mind -- not memories of wars fought by the Army general turned nation's drug policy chief, but haunting visions from America's fight against drugs. ``I served in a rifle company in combat where essentially all of us got wounded or were killed,'' said the 56-year-old retired four-star general, who as director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy sits on President Clinton's Cabinet and the National Security Council. During the Vietnam War, he was seriously wounded but insisted on fighting until the next morning when he eventually passed out. That kind of persistence helps him deal with the daunting challenges of drug abuse. In the 1990s alone, more people have died or been ruined by drugs than all of the Vietnam War, McCaffrey said. ``In terms of tragedy,'' he said, ``drug abuse in America is overwhelmingly worse than external national security challenges.'' Such are the driving thoughts of McCaffrey, who is overseeing an unprecedented five-year anti-drug ad campaign that Clinton kicked off Thursday in Atlanta. The federal government will spend $195 million on the project this year. The goal is to hit the average family at least four times a week, through TV, radio, newspapers, billboards or the Internet. McCaffrey, who became drug chief two years ago, does not like to refer to the nation's drug problems as a ``war on drugs.'' But in many ways -- to the joy of supporters and the angst of critics -- McCaffrey is fighting the way he did during 31 years as a soldier. McCaffrey, who wears a bracelet engraved with the name of a young girl who died of a drug overdose, often works 18-hour days. He often can be found listening to community leaders, negotiating drug strategies with Congress or traipsing through foreign fields. Federal marshals must guard him after repeated threats by drug lords. ``You've got to go where Americans are working on this problem,'' says the man who was awarded the Purple Heart three times and saw two tours of Vietnam. During the Persian Gulf War, he led the now-famous ``left hook'' assault that cornered Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's elite Republican Guards. ``He's good at marshaling forces and analyzing a mission and motivating people to get things done,'' says Gen. Colin Powell, who made McCaffrey his top aide while chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. But to critics, McCaffrey is simply stubborn. In April he angered needle-exchange supporters when he lobbied President Clinton to abandon plans to use federal funds for the program. Last November, McCaffrey balked at Defense Secretary William Cohen's proposed fiscal 1999 budget, saying more money was needed for drug-fighting efforts. The two sides eventually reached a compromise. McCaffrey's claim of real change in the drug crisis is ``purely rhetoric,'' complains Kevin Zeese, president of the group Common Sense for Drug Policy, which supports medical marijuana and needle exchange programs. Too many people are incarcerated instead of treated for drug problems, Zeese said. Added Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif. who clashed with McCaffrey over needle-exchange programs, ``He's moving forward with basically what is his own program. It may be he is not accustomed to working in a give-and-take atmosphere.'' It often is his blunt style that ruffles critics. Take a recent hearing on drugs before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., declared after hearing reports of increased drug use among young people, ``I don't think we can put a positive spin on what we've seen. I think you as the drug czar need to be sounding the alarm.'' McCaffrey quickly retorted: ``I resent you suggesting that I'm putting a spin on it.'' He later declared to Sessions, ``Senator, you're looking at the wrong book.'' McCaffrey says detractors should give him time. ``My hope is ... in another couple of years we see definite signs the curves are all coming down,'' he said. ``I think the heart and soul of what we're going to do ... is community action. That's where America will understand the problem and confront it.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- McCaffrey To Visit Europe To Examine Anti-Drug Programs ('The Associated Press' Notes The US Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrey, Will Spend Eight Days 'Sharing Strategies' In Sweden, Portugal, Austria, The Netherlands, Switzerland And England) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 16:18:53 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US WIRE: McCaffrey To Visit Europe To Examine Anti-Drug Programs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Source: Associated Press Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998MCCAFFREY TO VISIT EUROPE TO EXAMINE ANTI-DRUG PROGRAMS WASHINGTON (AP) -- For all the cultural and legal differences, "the problem is the same'' for countries fighting illegal drugs, the government's drug policy director said Friday as he prepared for a European trip to share strategies. Retired Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey will visit major European cities to underscore the need for international cooperation on combating drugs and to look at European treatment and prevention programs. McCaffrey leaves Saturday for Sweden, the first leg of his eight-day tour. He will make stops in Portugal, Austria, the Netherlands, Switzerland and England. "I'm going to Europe to learn about a common problem and to also share the kinds of strategies that we're trying to build to deal with the U.S. population,'' he said. "We all understand that none of us are precisely the same culture or historical context or legal context,'' added McCaffrey. "The common thread running throughout this visit is that the problem is the same ... drug consumption and the terrible damage to humans, to their families, to their economy.'' McCaffrey said two highlights of his trip will be a visit to the headquarters of the United Nations Drug Control Program in Vienna, Austria, where he will exchange views with U.N. officials on global drug cooperation, and to Lisbon, Portugal, where he will visit the European Monitoring Center. In Sweden, Switzerland and the Netherlands McCaffrey will tour drug treatment facilities. He said he wanted to learn from Swedish officials how to effectively package treatment to help the 4 million chronic addicts in the United States. "We've not yet built the infrastructure required to handle that problem in a more rational way,'' he said. "It's one of the major shortcomings in the United States.'' Asked whether he plans to drop by coffee shops in the Netherlands which openly sell marijuana and hashish, McCaffrey responded: "Coffee shops would be a bad photo op. I'm not sure there's much to be learned by watching somebody smoking pot.'' McCaffrey will wrap up his visit with a brief stop in London on July 18.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mexican Court Reverses Firings ('The San Francisco Chronicle' Says Unspecified 'Mexican Courts' Have Ordered The Attorney General's Office To Rehire More Than Half Of The 826 Law Enforcement Agents It Dismissed Six Months Ago For Failing Drug Tests Or For Allegedly Being Corrupt) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:49:50 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Mexico: Mexican Court Reverses Firings Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Tom O'Connell) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Section: A 16 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Molly Moore Washington Post MEXICAN COURT REVERSES FIRINGS Hundreds of law agents dismissed for drug use, corruption Mexico City Mexican courts have ordered the attorney general's office to rehire more than half of the 826 agents it dismissed six months ago because they failed drug tests or allegedly were involved in corruption. In a strongly worded statement Tuesday night, Attorney General Jorge Madrazo criticized the rulings, declaring that his office "does not agree with these judicial decisions" and will appeal them. The struggle between the court system and Madrazo's office is part of a long and often futile effort by Mexican authorities to clean up notoriously corrupt police and prosecutorial agencies, many of whose employees are on the payrolls of drug lords and criminal organizations. In the past two years, federal and state law enforcement agencies across Mexico have fired thousands of attorneys and police officers only to have judges order that they be rehired. In other cases, individuals dismissed on corruption charges by one law enforcement agency have been hired by another. Judges argue that the attorney general's office and other agencies frequently do not build solid cases for dismissal of their employees. But Madrazo's office said it found the latest round of reinstatements particularly egregious because most of the 826 agents who were fired in December -had not passed newly required drug tests. Results snowed that about half of those dismissed tested positive for cocaine use, while others were shown to have used marijuana, amphetamines or other drugs. Madrazo's statement said that the judges who ruled the firings illegal did not consider the drug test results. Last year, in the aftermath of a series of corruption scandals - including the prosecution of Mexico's former anti-drug czar on charges that he protected one of the country s most powerful drug cartels - Madrazo's office decided to revamp its drug-fighting agency and require testing of all the agents it employs. Those efforts have had mixed results. Shortly after the new tests were imposed, newly approved agents - some under the supervision of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency - were among 18 law enforcement officials charged with stealing a half-ton of confiscated cocaine from a federal prosecutor's office in the border town of San Luis Rio Colorado. That caw prompted the U S General Accounting Office to report earlier this year in its assessment of Mexico's anti-drug efforts that "corruption continues despite measures designed to root it out." In recent months, Madrazo's office has investigated the former chief of Mexico's federal police force on charges of protecting drug traffickers while in office and has filed kidnapping charges against a former official in Madrazo's anti-kidnapping squad.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rehiring Of Agents Protested ('The San Jose Mercury News' Version) Date: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 14:39:15 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Mexico: Rehiring Of Agents Protested Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ REHIRING OF AGENTS PROTESTED MEXICO CITY -- Mexican courts have ordered, the attorney general's office to rehire more than half of the 826 agents it dismissed six months ago because they failed drug tests or allegedly were involved in corruption. In a strongly worded statement Tuesday night, Attorney General Jorge Madrazo criticized the rulings, declaring that his office ``does not agree with these judicial decisions'' and will appeal them. The struggle between the court system and Madrazo's office is part of a long and often futile effort by Mexican authorities to clean up notoriously corrupt police and prosecuting agencies, many of whose employees are on the payrolls of drug lords and criminal organizations. In the past two years, federal and state law enforcement agencies across Mexico have fired thousands of attorneys and police officers, only to have judges order that they be rehired. In other cases, individuals dismissed on corruption charges by one law enforcement agency are hired by another. Judges argue that the attorney general's office and other agencies frequently do not build solid cases for dismissal of their employees, who are protected by strong workers' laws. But Madrazo's office said it found the latest round of reinstatements particularly egregious because most of the 826 agents who were fired last December -- about one-fifth of the attorney general's employees -- had failed newly required drug tests. Results showed that about half of those dismissed tested positive for cocaine use, while others were shown to have used marijuana, amphetamines or other drugs. Madrazo's statement said the judges who ruled the firings illegal did not consider drug-test results but based their decisions on ``various other considerations.'' Last year, in the aftermath of a series of corruption scandals -- including the prosecution of Mexico's former anti-drug czar on charges that he protected one of the country's most powerful drug cartels -- Madrazo's office decided to revamp its drug-fighting agency and require vetting of all the agents it employs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Special Panel Named To Probe Cardinal's Murder ('The Associated Press' Says Mexico's Government And The Roman Catholic Church Have Created A Seven-Man Team To Review A Government Investigation Into The 1993 Murder Of Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo And Five Other People During A Shoot-Out With Assault Weapons By Two 'Drug' Gangs) Date: Tue, 14 Jul 1998 16:45:34 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Mexico: WIRE: Special Panel Named To Probe Cardinal's Murder Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Source: Associated Press Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 SPECIAL PANEL NAMED TO PROBE CARDINAL'S MURDER MEXICO CITY -- Mexico's government and the Roman Catholic church have named a seven-man team to review a government investigation into the 1993 murder of a cardinal during a drug shoot-out. The panel will consist of three top church officials, three representatives from western Jalisco state where Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas Ocampo died, and Attorney General Jorge Madrazo Cuellar. In a news release late Thursday, the attorney general's office said both church officials and the government have agreed the panel's finding will be final. President Ernesto Zedillo's administration is said to want to end the controversy before Pope John Paul II's fourth visit to Mexico in January. The pope appeared upset during his third visit in Mexico, a few months after Posadas Ocampo was killed. Posadas Ocampo and his chauffeur were shot dead in his car May 24, 1993, at the airport in Guadalajara, the Jalisco state capital, while they waited for the papal nuncio. Five other people also were killed in a gunfight with assault weapons by two drug gangs. The attorney general's office said Posadas Ocampo was accidentally caught in the crossfire. But medical examiners concluded that was unlikely -- the gunmen riddled Posadas Ocampo with bullets at pointblank range. Cardinal Juan Sandoval Iniguez, his successor, and other prelates and human rights organizations have denounced the government's version of events. Some have also speculated that Posadas Ocampo, who had received several anonymous death threats before he died, was targeted because of his many public denunciations of Mexico's drug cartels. More than a dozen people have been arrested here and in California and are awaiting trial in connection with drug trafficking and also for allegedly taking part in the Guadalajara airport shootout. The shootout was between a gang headed by the five Arellano Felix brothers, based in the border city of Tijuana, and rival Joaquin ``El Chapo'' Guzman Loera.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Double Standard? (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The London Free Press' In Ontario Compares The Newspaper's Characterization Of A Convicted Marijuana Offender As An 'Aging Hippie' With The Media's Portrayal Of Olympic Gold Medal Winner Ross Rebagliati) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: PUB LTE: Double standard? Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:21:16 -0700 Lines: 16 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: London Free Press Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: July 10, 1998 Double standard? Regarding, Aging 'hippie' jailed for cultivating pot (July 3). It's interesting that some "aging hippie" was given 90 days in the slammer for growing his own pot and smoking it while Olympic snowboarder Ross Rebagliati got off on his friends' second-hand pot smoke and was cheered as a Canadian hero when he brought home a gold medal. A double standard? MARY AGBAKLI London
------------------------------------------------------------------- LSD Experiments 'Good Research Back Then' ('The Ottawa Citizen' Notes Dorothy Mills Proctor, Who Was Given LSD Experimentally In The Early 1960s As A 17-Year-Old Inmate At The Kingston Prison For Women In Canada, Filed A $5 Million Lawsuit Yesterday Against The Prison's Former Head Of Psychiatry, The Federal Government, Another Prison Psychiatrist And A Psychologist, Claiming The LSD Was Given To Her Against Her Will And Still Affects Her) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Matt Elrod) To: email@example.com Subject: Canada: LSD experiments 'good research back then' Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:22:47 -0700 Lines: 128 Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Ottawa Citizen Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Friday 10 July 1998 Author: Mike Blanchfield LSD experiments 'good research back then' Prison's former head of psychiatry stands behind testing on inmates Back in the early 1960s when he was the head of psychiatry at Kingston's Prison for Women, George Scott saw the arrival of LSD as one more tool in what he believed was a heroic struggle to treat the deviant criminal mind. In his own mind, he was not unlike the Wright Brothers, the builders of the first airplane. A lawsuit filed yesterday in court by an ex-inmate offers a much different description of the experiments Mr. Scott approved a generation ago. It calls them "callous and reckless." Mr. Scott and other prison staff, the lawsuit claims, were motivated by the need to use the woman now suing them for "experimental purposes, as opposed to a desire to promote the plaintiff's health and well-being." "It's a lot of bull---t," Mr. Scott, 83, said yesterday when contacted by the Citizen. "It was good research back then. It was good research with good motivation, with good supervision, and the government supplied the bucks for the whole thing." Dorothy Mills Proctor is suing Mr. Scott, the federal government, another prison psychiatrist and a psychologist for $5 million, claiming LSD treatments given against her will when she was a teenage inmate in Kingston still affect her to this day. Ms. Proctor suffers from acid flashbacks and other hallucinations. Ms. Proctor is suing the government because she says it has taken too long to deal with her complaint. Last year, Corrections Canada investigated and a board of inquiry determined she was one of 23 women who were subjected to the LSD experiment. The board concluded it was "a risky undertaking." It recommended an apology and compensation. It concluded Ms. Proctor could not give proper consent in the coercive prison setting. At 17 and serving a three-year robbery sentence, she received at least one treatment in a 1.5-metre-by-2.5-metre windowless basement segregation cell, lit by a single bulb with only a mattress and a hole in which to pass bodily waste. Corrections Canada has since shelved its own report and referred the matter for further study to the McGill Centre for Medicine, Ethics and the law. It did not meet its May deadline. Advocates for prisoners' and human rights have joined Ms. Proctor in criticizing the government for the delay. "The need for compensation and the responsibility of the government has been well documented in the first report," said Kim Pate, executive director of the Canadian Association of Elizabeth Fry Societies. "What kind of informed consent was Dorothy Proctor able to give?" asked Rubin Freidman, director of government relations for B'Nai Brith's League for Human Rights. "Giving someone an LSD trip in solitary confinement doesn't seem to be an ethical use of drugs." Last year, the Corrections report said of LSD's potential to be a psychiatric wonder drug: "This promise was considered more of a hypothesis than a proven fact." Reached yesterday at this home outside Kingston, Mr. Scott, the former prison psychiatrist, adamantly maintained he had done nothing wrong. He said the government fostered a climate of research, which medical professionals such as himself embraced. If a new wonder drug presented itself, its potential had to be explored. LSD was no different. "That's why we did it, to see what would go on, to see if this would unearth suppressed memories in small doses, maybe help abused kids." That bold research approach was not unlike what drove the Wright Brothers, who built the first successful airplane, he said. "Everybody laughed at them." Mr. Scott says he is not worried by the lawsuit. "She's entitled to sue anybody for the moon if she likes. But it's a sucker's game, that's all," said Mr. Scott. "What can anybody prove, what can they disprove? This girl -- whoever she is, I don't remember her at all -- some people have nothing better to do than to raise hell. "And after 30 years it's very difficult to say, 'Well, 'if you hadn't fed me pea soup, I would have been feeling better.' " Yesterday, Mr. Scott said he had no direct involvement in the LSD experiments. He said he did approve the study, but that he was not the person who administered the drugs. Mr. Scott reviewed the LSD project and concluded: "No harm could be done in any situation whatsoever as long as the people being given it had a reasonably stable background, had no evidence of mental illness, had no evidence of neurological illness, no evidence of violence." Unfortunately, this did not suit Dorothy Proctor's profile. She was born in Nova Scotia, abandoned by her mother, and raised in foster homes where she was sexually abused. She eventually took to the streets as a runaway before her arrest. When reminded that last year's board of inquiry could find no evidence of written consent, Mr. Scott replied, "Well, they had to agree, whatever. I'm sort of like the guy in the ivory tower wondering what's going on in the basement." Mr. Scott said he had no memory of Ms. Proctor. "Their names are as sticky as postage stamps, as far as I'm concerned," he said. "That's probably 30,000 patients ago." Mr. Scott has no plans to offer any apologies to the women involved. "That's the government's problem, not mine," he said. "To hell with it." The retired ex-doctor says his biggest concern these days is spending time with his horses and travelling with his wife. They've travelled recently to Ireland and Puerto Rico, on the spur of the moment. "We disappear from time to time," he said with a laugh. Copyright 1998 The Ottawa Citizen
------------------------------------------------------------------- Canada's Drug Strategy (A List Subscriber Posts The URL For The Text Of The Canadian Government's Official War On Drugs Strategy) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 10:27:11 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Haans (email@example.com) Subject: Canada's Drug Strategy We all thought it was dead, but Canada's Drug Strategy been revived (or at least renewed) and can be found in PDF format at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hppb/alcohol-otherdrugs/pdf/englishstrategy.pdf Cheers, Dave.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dominicans Are Best (According To 'The San Francisco Chronicle,' The White House Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrev, Believes Increasing Tourism In Cuba Is Leading To Increasing Use Of Illegal Drugs, Although 'The Dallas Morning News' Says Cuba And The United States Are Quietly Cooperating In The Drug War - Another US Agent Says The Colombians Are Shifting Away From The Use Of Mexican Allies To Dominicans In The Caribbean) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 14:32:41 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Dominicans are Best Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom O'Connell) Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Author: Lewis Dolinsky DOMINICANS ARE BEST Drug smuggling will probably move into Cuba, says the White House drug czar, retired General Barry McCaffrev At the Cuban Foreign Ministry, Fernando de Cossio says, "Tourism brings drugs. Greater contact with the outside world brings drugs. More airlines traveling to Cuba brings drugs." They were quoted by Tracey Eaton of the Dallas Morning News, who indicates that Cuba and the United States are already quietly cooperating in the drug war. Eaton says the Caribbean has become a major drug route for or Colombian cartels for an obvious reason: It's much cheaper than going through Mexico. The Mexicans were taking a 50 percent cut, and Colombians were paying them not in cash but in kind - thus, in the words of U.S. drug enforcement agent William Mitchell, creating their own competitor. According to another U.S. agent, the Colombians' most reliable partners are Dominicans. Even though the Dominicans are "very hungry for power and money ... there are no ripoffs."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jail Suicide Toll Forces Sentencing Shake-Up ('The Scotsman' Says That, After The Deaths Of Five Inmates In Ten Days, The Government Yesterday Launched A £1.1 Million Initiative To Tackle The Problem, With Scottish Home Affairs Minister Henry McLeish Moving To Expand The Availability Of Non-Custodial Sentences, Including Electronic Tagging And New Drug Treatment Orders) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 16:01:37 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UK Scotland: Jail Suicide Toll Forces Sentencing Shake-Up Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Author: Alastair Dalton JAIL SUICIDE TOLL FORCES SENTENCING SHAKE-UP £1.1m initiative announced after deaths of five inmates in ten days THE Government yesterday launched a £1.1 million initiative to tackle Scotland's spiralling jail suicide rate following the worst spate of deaths in the prison service's history. New measures to identify and help prisoners at risk of killing themselves were announced yesterday by the Scottish home affairs minister, Henry McLeish, after the deaths of five inmates in ten days. Mr McLeish signalled moves to extend the availability of non-custodial sentences, including electronic tagging and new drug treatment orders, which he predicted judges and sheriffs would take up. The initiatives come in response to a report ordered by Mr McLeish last week into the latest suicides after The Scotsman highlighted the extent of the problem. Improvements will be made to the regimes at the three prisons with the highest suicide levels, with 33 extra staff drafted in and a task force set up to investigate this year's ten deaths. Mr McLeish expressed shock at the latest spate of deaths, but stressed there was no quick fix to the problem. He said that the measures were designed to beef up a suicide risk management strategy introduced last month. The strategy, introduced two days before the first of the latest deaths, focuses on encouraging mutual awareness of - and support for - prisoners at risk within jails, rather than isolating them in solitary confinement. A senior Scottish Prison Service official told The Scotsman yesterday the SPS was "bloody good" at caring for prisoners who were known suicide risks, almost all of whom were prevented from killing themselves. However, the problem centred on identifying the others before it was too late, but prisons needed to get more information from courts and doctors about offenders' drug and psychiatric backgrounds. This year's suicide toll, half of which came between 24 June and 4 July, compares with 14 deaths in 1997 and 16 in 1998. The latest deaths were those of Mary Cowan, 27, who was awaiting sentence in Cornton Vale women's prison, near Stirling, for theft; Ian Taylor, 26, on remand at Barlinnie prison in Glasgow for breaching the peace while on bail; Stuart Adam, 19, on remand at Longriggend remand centre, near Airdrie for sexual offences; and Paul Morrow, 26, serving life for murder at Glenochil prison, near Alloa. Eighty prisoners have killed themselves in Scottish jails since 1992, with the death rate now almost twice that of prisons south of the Border. The new measures include an eight-bed unit for vulnerable prisoners, with three extra nurses, at Barlinnie, where 11 prisoners have killed themselves since 1996. At Gateside prison in Greenock, which has seen nine deaths in the same period, improvements will be made to the regime and admission procedures in the troubled A Hall, "to create a more therapeutic environment". The chief inspector of prisons, Clive Fairweather, said last month they might as well install an undertaker's office in the hall. Twelve extra staff will added, while illegal immigrants housed there while awaiting deportation will be moved to Longriggend. Cornton Vale, which has had five deaths since 1996, will receive an extra 16 staff, while cells will be converted from single to shared units to reduce inmates' isolation. The task force, which will include members of outside groups, will investigate the circumstances surrounding this year's suicides, all of which will also be the subject of fatal accident inquiries. It will report by September, with Mr McLeish promising further action if required. The minister also announced the appointment of a second co-ordinator to monitor and assess the suicide prevention strategy, which aims to encourage prisoners to seek help provided by a range of staff rather than just the prison's medical officer. More than 3,000 of the 4,600 SPS staff have received awareness training under the strategy. A prison listener scheme, in which prisoners are trained by the Samaritans to counsel fellow inmates, will also be extended. Mr McLeish said: "I want to reassure the public about the seriousness with which I and the Scottish Prison Service are approaching the tragic problem of prison suicides. We are deeply conscious of the concern that has been expressed." Acknowledging the role played by The Scotsman, he said: "We will do our utmost to tackle the problems highlighted in the press in recent weeks." He said: "This is a complex area, there is no quick fix." Mr McLeish said the problem should be seen in the context of increasing suicide rates, particularly among young men in the west of Scotland, coupled with rising drug use. A particular problem existed at Barlinnie, which admitted up to 200 new prisoners every Monday. Mr McLeish said: "I want to ensure that prison is not used inappropriately so that those who have to be held there receive the best attention we can give them." Mr Fairweather said the new measures anticipated recommendations to be made in his forthcoming annual report, but he stressed the importance of caring for remand prisoners. Jim Dawson, deputy general secretary of the Scottish Prison Officers Association, welcomed the moves, but called for more staff at Barlinnie. He said: "Alternatives to custody are fine, but the public has a right to expect to be protected from habitual petty criminals." Susan Matheson, chief executive of the penal reform group SACRO, said: "We are absolutely delighted at the greater emphasis on non-custodial alternatives."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Challenging The Prison Culture (A Staff Editorial In 'The Scotsman' Applauds The Efforts Of Scottish Home Affairs Minister, Henry McLeish, To Reduce Suicides By Scottish Inmates By Encouraging The Use Of Electronic Tagging And Drug Treatment As Alternatives To Incarceration - But Says McLeish's Real Challenge Is To Persuade The More Conservative Members Of The Judiciary That Imprisonment Is Often A Very Bad Idea) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 15:57:04 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UK: Editorial: Challenging The Prison Culture Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ CHALLENGING THE PRISON CULTURE Our home affairs minister, Henry McLeish, is to be congratulated. His new initiative to tackle the appalling suicide problem in Scottish jails may come only weeks after he announced a strategy which ought already to be grappling with the problem, but at least he has proven that he is willing to listen. UKP1.1 million and 33 extra staff at the prisons with the highest suicide toll cannot guarantee that no new tragedies will occur, but they do demonstrate good intentions. The minister's new task force, which will investigate the ten suicides which have already occurred this year, also deserves our support. But all of these announcements deal with the problem not the causes. Mr McLeish's most positive virtue is his willingness to do more than that. Yesterday he indicated that he also wants to extend the availability of non-custodial sentences using techniques like electronic tagging and drug treatment orders. This is the correct approach but Henry McLeish knows that making available serious alternatives to incarceration is not sufficient in itself. For his enlightened approach tp penal policy to pay dividends it is also necessary to persuade the sheriffs and judges to play their part. 'The Scotsman' has already revealed the extent to which some courts appear reluctant to make full use of the non-custodial options available to them. The minister can move heaven and earth to improve prison regimes and to train staff to identify prisoners at risk of suicide. He has indicated that he will make strenuous efforts in those areas. The real challenge is to persuade the more conservative members of the judiciary that imprisonment is often a very bad idea. This is difficult. For decades our judiciary has been lambasted for showing excessive leniency. Few sheriffs or high court judges fear condemnation by tabloid newspapers or politicians when they err on the side of harshness. They have become accustomed to being pilloried for precisely the opposite. Henry McLeish has a battle to fight if he is to change that culture. Politicians who express views on sentencing are ritually accused of compromising judicial independence. Without making that mistake the minister must continue his efforts to create a culture in which a prison sentence is regarded as a flawed last resort. It will not be easy, but he can rely on our continued support.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Meths Loses Its Stigma As Retail Barrier Comes Down ('The Scotsman' Says Experts Believe The Abuse Of Alcohol Is Now So Rare In Scotland That The Scottish Office Announced Yesterday It Will Allow The Unrestricted Sale Of Methylated Spirits For The First Time Since 1937, So Chemists And Hardware Shops Can Sell It For Cleaning And As Lamp Fuel Without Fear That It Will Be Drunk By Those Desperate For A Cheap And Powerful Drink) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 12:38:52 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: UK: Scotland: Meths Loses Its Stigma As Retail Barrier Comes Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: The Scotsman Website: http://www.scotsman.com Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com METHS LOSES ITS STIGMA AS RETAIL BARRIER COMES DOWN After 61 years, Government allows the spirit to go back on unrestricted sale Colin Urquhart Methylated spirits, once the favoured tipple of down-and-outs and alcoholics, will go on unrestricted sale for the first time since 1937, the Scottish Office announced yesterday. Experts believe that the abuse of the alcohol is now so rare in Scotland that it is safe for chemists and hardware shops to sell it freely for cleaning and as lamp fuel, without the fear that it will be drunk by those desperate for a cheap and powerful drink. >From the end of July, retailers will be able to sell meths without restriction or the need to keep detailed records. It will still not be available to under-14s. Methylated spirit is alcohol that has been rendered undrinkable - and thus tax-exempt - by adding methanol. Manufacturers also add a violet dye to make it even less attractive and so that it cannot be drunk by mistake. Until the Second World War, methylated spirit was a popular but dangerous drink. But there still remains a hard core of drug and drink addicts who will try any stimulant to get a new sensation. Beauchamp Colclough, 50, a drugs and drink counsellor with a client list that includes the singer Elton John and the model Paula Hamilton, drank meths along with an array of other substances before his reform. Dr Bruce Ritson, director of the alcohol problems clinic at the Royal Edinburgh Hospital, said that he had seen few cases of meths abuse. He said: "The effects of meths are very damaging. It is damaging to the liver, nervous system, sight and it can be fatal. It was principally drunk by street drinkers but I have not come across anyone drinking it for a very long time, probably because it has been carefully controlled." The Scottish Office consulted police, health authorities, social work bodies and similar groups before deciding to end the restrictions. A spokeswoman for the Scottish Office said: "The 1937 act regulating the sale of meths was introduced to address a specific social problem of the time in Scotland. "In the 1930s, the drinking of crude spirits, and methylated spirits in particular, was seen as a cheap alternative to more expensive forms of alcohol. Information from the police confirms that this form of alcohol abuse is no longer a problem in Scotland." Meths was originally made from wood - the word methyl, which gives the name methanol, derives from the Greek for the wine from wood. It has been used in bootleg spirits because it is cheap and the producers do not care about quality. One batch uncovered in 1996 was found to contain 2 per cent methylated spirits which was enough to cause harm. However, it is now more likely to be used to remove ticks or to ward of midges in the Highlands, than as a drink of last resort. In some parts of Scotland, the spirit was known as "feek", a corruption of fake. Its drinkers were known as feekers and they included middle-class alcoholics as well as the poor. Alcoholics appreciated the extra "buzz" from meths. Poverty in the 1930s forced some people to go to great lengths to dull their senses. Another common way of getting a hit was to inhale coal gas bubbled through milk. But in 1937, the high number of deaths, illnesses and cases of blindness from meths abuse forced the government to take action to restrict the sales of methylated spirits. Sellers were forced to register with local councils and record every sale. Buyers had to justify their purpose. The sale of meths was also subject to trade restrictions associated with alcohol even though it was not sold in pubs and off licences. Until 1994, meths could not be sold on a Sunday. It was not only in Britain that harmful alcohols were popular. Absinthe, a French forerunner of 'pastis', was banned in 1915 because it was responsible for causing hallucinations, mental deterioration and sterility.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Tobacco Men Stand Firm Against Link With Cancer (The Irish 'Examiner' Says Mr Ian Birks Of Gallaher Group, A British Tobacco Company, Refused To Admit Yesterday To The Irish Joint Committee On Health And Children That Smoking Causes Cancer - Smoking Was A Habit Which People Could Take Up Or Give Up, Not An Addiction, He Insisted) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 16:04:45 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Ireland: Tobacco Men Stand Firm Against Link With Cancer Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: The Examiner (Ireland) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Evelyn Ring TOBACCO MEN STAND FIRM AGAINST LINK WITH CANCER ONE of the leading companies in the tobacco industry yesterday refused to admit that smoking caused cancer when it appeared before Joint Committee on Health and Children. Mr Ian Birks, head of corporate affairs of Gallaher Group (UK), told the committee that smoking was a habit which people could take up or give up. It was not an addiction, he insisted. Quizzed on the health issue, Mr Birks said warnings carried on cigarette packs outlined the health risks. Mr Birks, who admitted that he smoked cigars but not cigarettes, did not accept that smoking caused health problems, such as lung cancer, bronchitis and heart disease. Greens TD John Gormley accused tobacco companies of being drug pushers, albeit legal drug pushers. Mr Birks said such comments were unhelpful. He believed there was no question of addiction. But he was sure the addiction question would be examined in a court of law. Managing director of Gallaher (Dublin) Limited, Adrian Goodrich, told Fine Gael's Alan Shatter, that he never had an interest in smoking. But he said he had no difficulty in managing a tobacco company. Asked if he had concerns about the effects of smoking on his health, Mr Goodrich replied: "None whatever." Committee chairman Batt O'Keeffe said that all the tobacco companies in Ireland had been asked to appear before the committee and commended Gallaher for accepting their invitation. Mr O'Keeffe praised Mr Birks for "batting well" on the smoking issue. But, he said, a lot of questions had been left unanswered. Mr O'Keeffe said that smoking as a health issue highlighted the need for the introduction of legislation which would allow the committee to compel witnesses and send for documents. Meanwhile, a Dublin solicitor planning to take civil actions against the major tobacco companies in Ireland said he was not surprised by the comments made by the industry and their unwillingness to accept responsibility for the illness and deaths caused by their products. Peter McDonnell said that since he had started work on the cases 36 of his clients had died - six in the last seven months. He pointed out that over 6,000 people are killed every year in Ireland from smoking related illnesses - a figure that equated to over 15 deaths every day. Mr McDonnell said: "Though we are clearly disappointed about the lack of remorse shown we are not surprised. The tobacco industry will find us very difficult and determined opponents and we are confident that we will win." Another firm of solicitors, Ward and Fitzpatrick, Dublin, who are the largest plaintiff tobacco litigation firm in Europe with over 1,000 clients, claimed that cigarettes were king-size killers. But the tobacco industries' response to such carnage had not been appropriate nor acceptable. Solicitor Francis Fitzpatrick of Ward and Fitzpatrick noted the similarity between the current Dail hearings and the American Congressional hearings in the United States in 1994. A video tape of the congressional hearings shown at the recent trial in Minnesota showed senior tobacco executives testifying under oath that nicotine was not addictive. Internal tobacco documents revealed that the industry knew nicotine was addictive prior to 1994. Ms Fitzpatrick said: "Internal documentation from Irish and UK manufacturers must be produced at the trial in Ireland and any statements made would be reviewed in the light of those documents."
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 49 (The Drug Reform Coordination Network's Original News Summary For Activists, Including - Reports - Correlation Between Alcohol And Crime Much Stronger Than Correlation Between Illicit Drugs And Crime; Heicklen Arrested At Start Of 30 Hour Protest At Central Pennsylvania Festival Of The Arts; Special Report - Drug Policy Down Under; And An Editorial By Adam J. Smith, Running Ads Vs. Protecting Kids) Date: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 17:06:52 EDT Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: DRCNet (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 49 THE WEEK ONLINE WITH DRCNet, ISSUE No. 49 -- JULY 10, 1998 -- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -- (To sign off this list, mailto: email@example.com with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) (This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html.) THE WAR OVER THE WAR ON DRUGS *** Dear friends: Yesterday was a momentous day in the anti-prohibition effort. As the federal government kicked off its billion dollar anti-drug ad campaign, the very media that are running the ads greeted them with an air of skepticism. Even in the once sacrosanct realm of kids and anti-drug messages, there is now another "side". Drug policy reformers aren't against prevention. In fact, most of us see such efforts as part of a peaceful alternative to current policies of police and prisons. But we do have things to say on that issue, as well as about prohibition itself, and the media is now ready to include us in the debate. And as one of our supporters has pointed out, people from outside the ranks of the reform movement have begun to make our points for us, perhaps the most convincing evidence so far that the tide of public opinion is slowly but surely shifting in our direction. Bill Press, before switching to a commercial break on CNN's Crossfire last night, referred to the drug policy debate as "the war over the war on drugs". CNN wouldn't call this a "war" if they thought it was just a discussion among intellectuals that was destined to fade away into insignificance. The drug policy debate -- the war over the war on drugs -- has begun in earnest. Our moment in history has arrived. You, the members and readers of DRCNet and the organizations with which we have allied, have a special role to play. Wonderful events of the past two years -- medical marijuana passing in California and Arizona, the open letter to Secretary General Kofi Annan, for example -- have had an enormous impact in opening the debate on drug policy, bringing us to this exciting point in time. But bringing the final victory home will also require a true mass movement of citizens, getting the phone calls going into Congress, the letters into the media, setting up the forums, handing out the flyers, circulating the petitions, marching in the streets. Because of our Internet structure, the ease of connecting with and staying in touch with us, DRCNet is very well suited to the task of building this movement. Our numbers have passed the 6,000 mark. We need your help to build that 6,000 to 60,000 and that 60,000 to 100,000 or more. You can help by sending your friends to our web site, talking about us in online forums, redistributing our bulletins, collecting e-mail addresses at public events, and of course by responding to our action alerts and maximizing their impact. (Though we ask that you tell people first what you are signing them up for and get their permission.) You can also help by becoming a supporting member of DRCNet. Thanks to enthusiastic reader response, our paid membership rolls broke the 1,000 mark this week! Yet many more are needed in order to strengthen the organization's finances and help us grow and do more. Will you cast your vote for reform and join today? Annual membership dues are $25, or $10 for "virtual", e-mail only membership. Sign up through our secure registration form at http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html (hit reload if you get an error message), or just send your check to: DRCNet, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Note that contributions to DRCNet are not tax-deductible. Thank you for your support, and for marching with us in this time of change! David Borden Executive Director P.S. Check out the July 13 issue of New York magazine, now on the stands, for an outstanding 1 1/3 page review of Mike Gray's Drug Crazy -- or read it online at http://www.newyorkmag.com/Critics/view.asp?id=1551. Pick up Drug Crazy in your local bookstore, and when you do, read about DRCNet on page 203! Or visit the Drug Crazy web site at http://www.drugcrazy.com. *** TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Government Kicks Off Billion Dollar Anti-Drug Ad Campaign http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#partnership 2. Feds File Motion to Allow Marshals to Shut Down Medical Marijuana Dispensaries http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#federalmotion 3. Oakland City Council Adopts Liberal Medical Marijuana Guidelines http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#oakland 4. Reports: Correlation Between Alcohol and Crime Much Stronger than Correlation Between Illicit Drugs and Crime http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#alcohol 5. Federal Study Suggests Marijuana May Prevent Brain Damage in Stroke Victims http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#study 6. Anti-Needle Exchange H.R. 3717 Moves to Senate http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#hr3717 7. Michigan Legislature Reforms "650 Lifer" Law http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#650lifer 8. Heicklen Arrested at Start Of 30 Hour Protest at Central Pennsylvania Festival Of The Arts http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#heicklen 9. Special Report: Drug Policy Down Under http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#australia 10. Editorial: Running Ads vs. Protecting Kids http://www.drcnet.org/wol/49.html#editorial *** 1. GOVERNMENT KICKS OFF $1 BILLION ANTI-DRUG AD CAMPAIGN This week (7/9) the Office of National Drug Control Policy, along with the Partnership for a Drug Free America, launched the most expensive and wide-ranging anti-drug media campaign ever targeted at America's youth and parents. The proposed five-year plan will cost taxpayers $1 billion and the government hopes that an additional $1 billion can be raised from private sources. According to media sources, the campaign will be the fifteenth-largest media buy in history, surpassing Nike, American Express and Sprint, among others. Interestingly, American media outlets, many of which stand to reap large profits by selling time to the campaign, were nevertheless willing to air dissenting opinions in their coverage of the launch. From CNN's Crossfire and Talk Back Live to the national network news shows, drug policy reformers were well-represented. This level of coverage is a continuation of a trend which has been building for some time but which has become even more pronounced in the wake of high-profile protests during the recent United Nations' Special Session on Narcotics in June. "As recently as two years ago, a launch like this would have been portrayed in the American media as a feel-good fest, with drug warriors, unopposed, preening for the cameras and telling America how much they are doing for their children" said DRCNet executive director David Borden. "The media's response to what would once have been seen as a non- controversial, if politically-motivated program indicates that the reform movement can no longer be brushed-off as a fringe group. The debate, once limited to one "side" advocating more prisons and the other "side" advocating many more prisons, is now very definitely seen by the media gatekeepers as being between the Prohibitionists and the reformers. And since people tend to become more inclined toward reform the more they learn about the issue, this constitutes a major, major step forward for the reform movement." Reformers, including The Lindesmith Center's Ethan Nadelmann (http://www.lindesmith.org) and Mike Gray, author of the new book "Drug Crazy" (http://www.drugcrazy.com), spoke of the need to address more serious concerns, such as children's unabated access to drugs, as well as the need to support programs that have been proven to work in reducing teen drug use, such as after-school programs. Gray challenged drug czar Barry McCaffrey on the drug policy record of The Netherlands, pointing out that Dutch officials are upset enough at the U.S. government's mischaracterizations that they are considering filing a diplomatic protest. Ty Trippet, a spokesman for The Lindesmith Center, told The Week Online, "think of what a billion dollars invested in after-school programs, invested directly in kids, could do in terms of connecting them with mentors and involving them in positive activities. That is real prevention. That is how we'll keep kids off drugs. This campaign is more about putting a do-something face on an accomplish-nothing drug war. And people, media included, are starting to get it." Nightline featured a discussion of the ad campaign, including Brandweek Senior Editor David Kiley, who pointed out that there has been very little research or data gathered on the effectiveness of these types of ads (http://www.drcnet.org/rapid/1998/5-22.html#brandweek). (Transcripts of yesterday's discussions on CNN Talkback Live and Crossfire are available on CNN's web site, at http://cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/9807/09/tl.00.html and http://cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/9807/09/cf.00.html. CNN's report on the ad campaign, with video audio samples, are at http://www.allpolitics.com/1998/07/09/clinton.drug/. As of this afternoon, Nightline had not yes posted a transcript of this report, but it will probably be there within a few days; check at http://www.abcnews.com/onair/nightline/. *** 2. FEDS FILE MOTION TO ALLOW MARSHALS TO SHUT DOWN MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARIES The federal government filed an ex parte motion with U.S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer (7/7), asking that the U.S. Marshal be authorized immediately to close down medical cannabis clubs in Oakland, Marin, and Mendocino County. If granted, the motion would mean immediate forcible closure of the clubs, which currently serve over 2,000 Bay Area medical marijuana patients. The government also filed motions ordering the clubs to show cause why they should not be held in contempt of a preliminary injunction ordering them to cease operations, and asking the judge to grant a summary judgment holding them in contempt. Hearings on the contempt motions will be held on August 14th at 10:00 am. Attorneys for the defendants are hopeful that the hearings will lead to a jury trial of the defendants, who enjoy strong support in their local communities. In the meantime, medical marijuana advocates are praying that Breyer will not let federal authorities close the clubs. An earlier government motion to let marshals close the clubs was rejected by Judge Breyer last May. This time, the government is arguing that the clubs have continued operations in violation of the court's injunction, which forbids distribution of marijuana in violation of the federal Controlled Substances Act. As evidence, the government has submitted testimony from DEA agents that the clubs are still open to patients. However, agents conspicuously failed in an effort to buy marijuana at the Oakland club, in an episode videotaped by news media on May 21. (The operation coincidentally took place at the same time the club was holding a well-attended press conference.) Defense attorneys contend that the clubs' distribution of medical marijuana to patients is not illegal under the Controlled Substances Act, and that they are therefore not in violation of the federal injunction. California NORML coordinator Dale Gieringer denounced the federal motions as a "cruel and immoral assault on patients' rights and a gross usurpation of powers rightly reserved for the states and local communities." Jeff Jones, who runs the Oakland club, told The Week Online, "We're expecting a bust any day now. The feds, acting against the stated intention of the local government, are totally out of hand. But we're awaiting our day in court. We strongly believe that we are not in violation of the court order. This is about people, sick and suffering people, and a community that wants to allow them to help themselves in the best way they see fit. It is also, thanks to the 'zero-tolerance crowd' about an abuse of power and the overstepping of boundaries in an effort to enforce a punitive and morally bankrupt ideological position. We are extremely confident that in the end, the warriors will be exposed for what they are... and they won't end up looking too good." *** 3. OAKLAND CITY COUNCIL ADOPTS LIBERAL MEDICAL MARIJUANA GUIDELINES Oakland, July 7, 1998: The Oakland City Council this week unanimously approved what are thought to be the nation's strongest and most patient-friendly police guidelines to protect medical marijuana users from arrest. The guidelines, based on the federal government's own dosage allotments to the eight medical marijuana patients it supplies, allow patients to possess up to 1.5 pounds of marijuana (a three-month's supply) or up to 6 pounds (a one year's supply) if grown in their own gardens. Chuck Thomas, communications director for the Marijuana Policy Project (http://www.mpp.org), told The Week Online, "What sweet irony it is that these guidelines, which will undoubtedly upset people like (California Attorney General and gubernatorial candidate) Dan Lungren, are taken directly from the federal government's own guidelines. These amounts were arrived at by the federal government's own doctors. That'll certainly make it difficult for them to credibly complain. Sheer genius." Patients may grow up to 48 flowering plants indoors, or up to 96 total (allowing for unflowering males), or 30 flowering plants outdoors, up to 60 total outdoors. "Oakland is to be congratulated for leading the way out of reefer madness and towards a truly enlightened policy on marijuana," commented California NORML coordinator Dale Gieringer, an Oaklander. Substantial parts of the two previous stories were reported by Dale Gieringer of California NORML. You can reach Dale at email@example.com and you can find NORML on the web at http://www.norml.org, or California NORML at http://www.norml.org/canorml. *** 4. REPORTS: CORRELATION BETWEEN ALCOHOL AND CRIME MUCH STRONGER THAN CORRELATION BETWEEN ILLICIT DRUGS AND CRIME - Chad Thevenot, Criminal Justice Policy Foundation A report released this week by Drug Strategies, a drug policy think-tank based in Washington, DC, finds that in 1996, 41% percent of all South Carolina arrestees tested positive for illegal drugs on the day they were arrested, However, because marijuana, the most commonly used illicit drug, is fat-soluble, making it detectable in the body much longer than alcohol and other drugs, this figure is misleading. Arrestees testing positive for an illegal drug does not accurately indicate if such persons were under the psychoactive effects of a drug while committing the offense. According to the Drug Strategies report, in 1996, four percent of arrestees in South Carolina tested positive for alcohol, while 51% admitted having used alcohol within three days prior to the arrest (Drug Strategies, "South Carolina Profile: Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs," 1998). In 1995, forty percent of probationers reported being under the influence of alcohol when they committed their offense compared to 14% who reported being under the influence of illicit drugs, according to a Department of Justice report. In regards to violent offenses, the gap in percentages widens to 41% of offenders reporting being under the influence of alcohol and 11% reporting being under the influence of drugs (Christopher J. Mumola, "Substance Abuse and Treatment of Adults on Probation, 1995," Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report, March 1998, NCJ 166611) According to a Department of Justice report on alcohol and crime, "nearly 4 in 10 violent victimizations involve use of alcohol, about 4 in 10 fatal motor vehicles accidents are alcohol-involved; and about 4 in 10 offenders, regardless of whether they are on probation, in local jail, or in State prison, self-report that they were using alcohol at the time of the offense." Sixty-five percent of spouse violence victimizations involved alcohol only, compared to 5% involving illicit drugs only. In regards to rape and sexual assaults, 30% of offenders were using alcohol while 4% were using drugs (Lawrence A. Greenfield, "Alcohol and Crime," Bureau of Justice Statistics report, April 1998). (Chad Thevenot is Operations Manager for the Criminal Justice Policy Foundation, 1899 L St., NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036, phone: (202) 835-9075, fax: (202) 833- 8561.) *** 5. FEDERAL STUDY SUGGESTS MARIJUANA MAY PREVENT BRAIN DAMAGE IN STROKE VICTIMS - Kris Lotlikar The National Institute on Mental Health has begun testing certain chemicals in marijuana for whether they might protect brain cells during a stroke. THC and cannabidiol have both exhibited promising results, but the study is being concentrated on cannabidiol because of its lack of psychoactive properties. Cannabidiol (CBD) proved to be a potent antioxidant in a test tube for protecting brain tissue exposed to toxic neurochemicals produced during a stroke. Aiden Hampson, the team leader feels that CDB is a better candidate than the other chemicals found in marijuana. Dr. Hampson's research team has now started giving intravenous CDB to rat and reveal the preliminary results are promising. He stated to the UK Guardian, "We have something that passes the brain barrier easily, has low toxicity, and appears to be working in the animal trials. So I think we have a good chance." This discovery has special importance in the political arena, with medical marijuana initiatives possibly appearing on five states ballots this fall. "This study adds to the list of studies showing that there are more useful chemicals in the marijuana plant than just THC," Chuck Thomas, director of communication for the Marijuana Policy Project told The Week Online. "This should be no surprise, considering that most patients prefer smoking marijuana to the THC pill (Marinol)." Dr. Hampson claims that cannabidiol has so far been considered an inactive ingredient. According to Paul Armentano, director of communication for NORML, however, cannabidiol has been studied for various uses in the past. "This may look like a new discovery, but Israeli pharmacists have been studying it for about 4-5 years," commented Mr. Armentano to The Week Online. Research on CDB has been conducted to treat epilepsy and Huntington's disease. In Israel, a biotechnology company called Pharmos has developed a derivative of CDB called Dexanabinol, and has recently begun phase III testing, using human subjects. Pharmos claims Dexanabinol can control neuronal cell death, the damage caused by head trauma and strokes. *** 6. ANTI-NEEDLE EXCHANGE H.R. 3717 MOVES TO SENATE - Taylor West (EDITOR'S NOTE: DRCNet supporters come from the ranks of the progressive left, who support government funding of social services, to the libertarian right, who largely feel the government shouldn't be doing anything. We respect all of these people's viewpoints, and are happy to have them as allies. The issue of federal funding of needle exchange is one where we believe that lifting of the ban on such funding would actually make things better from both points of view. The reason is that the federal government is already funding AIDS prevention. The ban on use of such funds for needle exchange programs amounts to discrimination against drug users and those with whom they come into direct of indirect contact. Lifting the federal ban simply amounts to a deregulation of federal AIDS funding, or a deference of the federal government to state-level decision making. Hence, we see this funding issue as independent of the government vs. private sector debate; and we also believe that furthering the social acceptance of needle exchange will foster the development of a humane drug policy, which is antithetical to the prohibition that it causing so much harm. This is why we are opposing the federal needle exchange funding ban. Note that the bill discussed here would have even further-reaching discriminatory effects than the current policy.) House Resolution 3717, which would permanently ban the use of federal funds to support needle exchange, passed the House of Representatives on April 29th and has taken its place on the calendar to be considered in the Senate. While the Senate schedule is always tentative, the bill is expected to see debate on the floor as early as this week. This legislation, sponsored in the House by Rep. Gerald Solomon (R-NY), amends the Public Health Service Act to state that no money provided by the federal government during any fiscal year may be used "directly or indirectly" to fund the distribution of needles to intravenous drug users. It passed the House by a vote of 287 to 140. Not surprisingly, H.R. 3717 has drawn sharp protest from needle exchange advocates. "It's economic foolishness. It's inhumanity. And we'll pay for it in the end," warned Dan Bigg of the Chicago Recovery Alliance. Ellen Goldstein from the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies concurred. "It's the worst example of ignoring science and developing policy based on political pressure," she stated this week. "This is a particularly nasty piece of legislation for three reasons," said Chris Lanier, of the National Coalition to Save Lives Now. "First, it takes the authority for decision-making on needle exchange out of the hands of the administration and the Department of Health and Human Services. Second, it makes the ban we already have a permanent one, which would require more action by Congress to reverse. And third, the language of the bill makes it possible that funding that goes to programs for any sort of intervention could be banned." That language -- particularly the use of the words "directly and indirectly" -- has other organizations worried as well. Jeff Jacobs, Director of Government Affairs for AIDS Action, told the Week Online, "We're very concerned about the bill language. It could mean that people are prevented even from getting treatment, something both sides agree addicts should get." Because there is not a clear idea of what constitutes "indirect" expenditure of funds on needle exchange, both Jacobs and Lanier fear that organizations which provide many other services in addition to exchange might be cut off entirely. Another point of contention which has spurred protest from several House members is the process through which H.R. 3717 has seen debate. The bill was put directly on the House floor, without the usual committee hearings or discussion, by the House Rules Committee, of which sponsor Solomon is the chair. Following less than three hours of debate, the bill was passed on to the Senate. Now, once again without committee hearings, it has been placed on the calendar of the Senate floor for debate within the next few weeks. "What we're seeing happen," says Lanier, "is that the issue is not well understood, and yet it's acted on anyway... It allows for greater reliance on politics and less on a reasoned examination of the science." Despite the bill's overwhelming passage in the House, support is not expected to come quite so easily in the Senate. Indicators from related legislation seem to show that only two or three votes may separate the opposing sides. This means that constituents' efforts to influence their senators may play a major role in the fate of H.R. 3717. For the next week or longer, pressure from the outside will have a vital influence on the course of this legislation, and thus on the future of funding for U.S. needle exchange. Please call your two Senators; you can reach them through the Congressional Switchboard at (202) 224-3121, or write them at United States Senate, Washington, DC 20510. *** 7. MICHIGAN LEGISLATURE REFORMS "650 LIFER" LAW - Kris Lotlikar The "650 Lifer" law in Michigan is the toughest drug law in the country. It requires a mandatory sentence of life without parole for individuals convicted of delivery of 650 gram or more of cocaine or heroin. A bi-partisan effort in the state legislature has passed two important reforms to this law. "650 lifers" will now be eligible for parole at 15, 17 1/2, or 20 years, depending on if the individual is a repeat offender and whether the individual cooperated with law enforcement. Judges will also gain some discretion in the sentencing of persons convicted of "650" offenses. The law will now hold a penalty of "life or any term of years, but not less than 20 years." Governor Engler is expect to sign the bill into law this August. Representative Barbara Dobb spearheaded the reform effort. "I would hope this acts as a catalyst for legislators to take a hard look at the harsh mandatory minimum penalties," Rep. Dobb told The Week Online. "Instead of targeting drug kingpins, it has mainly incarcerated low-level addicts and couriers for life, at a tremendous cost to the taxpayers. It's long past time to be smart on crime and make sure that those most involved in the drug trade serve the longest sentences," she also stated. Representative Ted Wallace, Representative Mike Nye and Senator William Van Regenmorter were all instrumental in pulling together this risky election year legislation. "Make no mistake, the '650 lifer' law remains one of the harshest drug laws in the U.S.," said Laura Sager, director of Families Against Mandatory Minimums' Michigan Project. "There is nothing 'soft' about a penalty that is still more severe than that of second degree murder. In addition, it is very difficult for individuals sentenced to life to meet the stringent parole requirements for those with life sentences -- fewer than one percent of individuals serving parolable life sentences for other crimes have been released in the last decade." Many members of the community have worked to get these reforms in place. Activists include family members, judges, attorneys, clergy and other individuals whose lives have been touched by this law. This is a "tremendous achievement for grassroots activism," Laura Sager commented to The Week Online. Families Against Mandatory Minimums is a national, non- profit sentencing reform organization with 33,000 members nationally and 3,100 in Michigan. Visit them on the web at http://www.famm.org. *** 8. HEICKLEN ARRESTED AT START OF 30 HOUR PROTEST AT CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA FESTIVAL OF THE ARTS - Alex Morgan Penn State Professor Julian Heicklen is in Centre County Prison in lieu of $50,000 bail following his arrest for marijuana possession during the first hour of a 30 hour marathon "Smoke Out" coinciding with the four-day Central Pennsylvania Festival of the Arts. The protest began at "High Noon" at the university's main gate in downtown State College, with Heicklen reading a statement summarizing his six month civil disobedience campaign. Penn State police arrived at 12:15 to inform Heicklen he was in violation of a university policy prohibiting use of a bull horn without a permit. Heicklen responded that the university lacked the power to pass legislation and ordinances and that "... it's my policy to use the bull horn." The police left saying they would be back. Heicklen lit a joint and passed it around a crowd of supporters. About nine of the 70 protesters smoked marijuana, although the demonstration was witnessed by hundreds of the 100,000 visitors that are in "Happy Valley" for the festival which runs through Sunday night. Also in attendance were reporters from the local CBS and Fox affiliates, as well an editor and photographer from "High Times" magazine. Heicklen repeated his claim that he is not a pot advocate but a "political smoker... The lighted marijuana weed is the torch of liberty... I believe in freedom. Not only that but I'm a tired old miser, I object to supporting the pot heads in prison with my money. I want all those pot heads out of prison, on the street and working so they can support me and raise my Social Security payments." The police returned at about 12:30pm, but the joint was out, and they once again failed to convince Heicklen to cease using the bull horn and left saying they would return. Finally, the police returned when Heicklen lit up a second time, confiscated the joint, confirmed it was marijuana and arrested him at 12:55pm. Heicklen went limp and made the officers carry him into the police car and later into District Magistrate Carmen Prestia's office. According to Heicklen associate Charlie Miller, who attended the hearing, Prestia asked Heicklen if he intended to continue with the protest at the Arts Festival, and Heicklen asked the magistrate if he was asking him to indict himself for crimes not yet committed. Prestia then said he was tired of playing Heicklen's games, and that he was "carrying this thing too far." Prestia set Heicklen's bail at $50,000 cash and scheduled his Preliminary Arraignment for July 15 at 10:00am. Normal bail for possession of a small amount of marijuana in Centre County is $500.00. Heicklen was lodged in Centre County Prison in lieu of bail to await his hearing next Wednesday. Charlie Miller, Press Liaison of the Centre County Libertarian Party, co-sponsors of the protests, will now lead the four day rally during Heicklen's incarceration. "It will definitely continue. We made commitments. These people are showing up (the rally speakers), and we will keep pressing the issue, although its unlikely that a lot of people will be smoking pot." Among the scheduled speakers are nationally known authors Drs. Lynn Zimmer, John Morgan and Lester Grinspoon. After Heicklen was arrested, the police told the demonstrators that they could not use any "sound amplification." The campus police maintained a strong presence in the area all day, as did the State College police across the street. Miller said, "This is our 26th week of having political protests. We never had a problem before (with the bull horn and literature tables); the police are obviously very sensitive because of the Art Fest. They're saying we're not allowed to pass out literature in State College because people might litter, and on Penn State property we're not allowed to sit down on the sidewalk, and anything we carry to the protest has to be carried, we can't set anything down. We're going to see if we can get around that. As Libertarians we're a political party and that's constitutionally protected." Miller and local activist Diane Fornbacher are making alternative plans to house the speakers that were going to stay with Professor Heicklen. Miller said he doesn't expect Heicklen to be out of jail before the protest ends on Sunday (6/12) at 6:00pm. *** 9. SPECIAL REPORT: DRUG POLICY DOWN UNDER - Greg Ewing for DRCNet On June 21, the mayor of Melbourne (Australia), Ivan Deveson, proposed the establishment of a heroin trial in Melbourne as a way to reduce the growing number of deaths from heroin overdose. Deveson said the trial should be similar to one proposed for the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) last year, and which was cancelled by the Federal Government only shortly before it was scheduled to begin. Counselor Deveson also revealed that the city is close to a decision on introducing safe injecting rooms for heroin users. "We're either going to surpass the road death (with heroin overdoses), or we'll trial a safe injecting room." Counselor Deveson was critical of Prime Minister John Howard's leadership on drug policy, and also voiced his despair over resistance to change amongst his peers: "... if anyone puts their foot in this water, they will be seen as too soft... because the community is so conservative. (It's) led by our PM, a friend of mine. Two years ago I was just as conservative. But I would have to acknowledge I have shifted in this journey. And I despair at the number of my generation who haven't come on that journey and who now will not understand when I tell them about the problem." Last year, the province of New South Wales established a joint committee to investigate use of injecting rooms. In one description of a de-facto shooting gallery in Sydney's Kings Cross, the committee was told an average of 60 customers paid $5 for the use of a room for 10 minutes over a 24-hour period. A knock on the door signaled when your time was up, and also gave workers an opportunity to act quickly on an overdose. An ambulance was required to attend three overdoses a week. There had been 10 deaths on the premises over the previous nine years. The committee's report, submitted in February this year, contained a majority recommendation against establishing safe injecting rooms because of safety concerns, arguing that heroin remains an illegal and uncontrolled substance. Frankfurt has had a steady decrease in the number of people dying from drug overdoses since the city introduced injecting rooms in 1991. By 1996, fewer than 50 people died each year. In Victoria, the total has been climbing steadily since 1991, to more than 160 deaths in 1996. New statistics show that the Melbourne ambulance service attends 180 overdoses a month, or almost 6 a day. In most cases Narcan can be administered and the patient comes-to immediately. A report last year by the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence cited the absence of reporting systems for the non-fatal overdoses as a reason for the lack of a clear understanding about Australians' heroin use. Following the mayor's heroin trial proposal, the Victorian Government said that they would endorse a national trial but not approve one held only in Melbourne. The Premier said that such trials in Melbourne could be counter-productive by attracting drug barons as well as users from other states. Educators, students, and several medical bodies applauded the calls. Mayor Deveson later agreed that the council did not have the power to set up injection rooms, but he said "we're reaching a point where more young people between 15 and 25 are dying of drug overdoses than road death. We haven't reached that point, but we will very soon if we don't consider an alternative". The Lord Mayor states that his concern for Melbourne stems from his experience working in Detroit in the 1960s where he saw a degradation in standards. Over the past few years, many more areas of Melbourne have developed a very visible street-trade in heroin. Demand for syringes in the city had trebled in the past 3 years. HEROIN USE INCREASING, ESPECIALLY AMONG YOUNG AND FEMALE Victorian Drug Trends 1997, a federally commissioned report and the most comprehensive assessment of illicit drug use in Victoria, reveals an alarming trend for users to be younger and female. Polydrug abuse was also on the increase. Heroin may no longer be regarded as a "hard drug" by the drug community. "In the past, drug users would say to us that they and their friends wouldn't use heroin -- heroin was for losers -- but now that's changed," said researcher Dr. Greg Rumbold. He speculated that this could partly be explained because heroin had become more easily available and cheaper. Most respondents (58%) said the price was stable while a third said it had dropped as purity had increased. Just under two-thirds (62%) reported involvement in crime in the previous month and, despite most believing there had been more police activity at the time of the survey, most (60%) said this did not make it harder to get drugs. Forty percent of those involved in criminal activity had dealt in drugs and 36 percent admitted to property crimes. The survey showed that 56 percent of respondents had overdosed at least once and three-quarters had witnessed an overdose. Evidence collected also backs up national data showing that most heroin-related overdoses occur in older, more experienced users. The median age of overdose victims attended to by ambulance was 27. Victoria To Trial 4 Drugs To Facilitate Heroin Addiction Treatment The first trial will compare two drugs, LAAM and buprenorphine, as maintenance treatment in 522 users, against methadone in 522 users. Another maintenance treatment trial will involve 40 people taking slow-release oral morphine. The third trial will have 250 addicts taking buprenorphine as a withdrawal treatment. In the final trial, 100 former users taking naltrexone to prevent relapse will be compared with 100 people taking dummy pills. VICTORIA ANNOUNCES CAUTIONING SCHEME FOR DRUG USERS (7 JULY) Following the success of a 6 month trial, Victoria announced that from September 1, first-time cannabis users will be cautioned if they are in possession of less than 50 grams. A pilot for a similar cautioning system for other illicit drugs including heroin and cocaine is also to take place. Those cautioned will be offered help and advice. For drugs other than cannabis, users would have to undertake to accept some mandatory drug assessment and treatment in return for the caution. The government has approved $600,000 for extra assistance to the 13 to 15 drug treatment agencies that could be involved in the pilot. During the earlier cannabis-cautioning pilot program, only 8 of the 97 offenders cautioned re-offended during the 6 month trial period and 93 percent of police officers surveyed said the procedure saved resources for more serious matters. Professor David Penington, who headed the Premier's Advisory Council on Illicit Drugs, yesterday congratulated police on their "substantial" change in attitude. "They've recognized that the (drug) problem hasn't been solved by simple prohibition and that the problem was getting worse, with more young people especially getting involved in the heroin scene." In an interview with the Melbourne Age, the Chief Commissioner of Police said that during two decades working as a police officer he had been locked into a hard line approach to drug users. But he admitted the approach had not worked and said "I have in recent years changed my mind considerably." The cost to the Victorian police and court system, through trying and then judging first-time marijuana users, is about $A25-$A30 million. A SNAPSHOT OF CURRENT AUSTRALIAN CANNABIS LAW STATE BY STATE * South Australia Most relaxed laws in country. Decriminalised low-level use in 1987. Cultivation and possession of up to 100 grams or 10 backyard plants attracts $A50-$A150 on the spot fine. For greater amounts normal prosecutions apply. * New South Wales Offenders must face court. Fines and prison terms are common, although magistrates can release offenders without conviction. * Queensland Same as for New South Wales. * Tasmania Cabinet approval imminent on proposals to introduce a formal written caution for first-time possession of up to 50 grams. Modeled on the new Victorian policy and will be tried for 12 months. * Australian Capital Territory Personal use decriminalized in 1992. Generally up to a $A100 fine, no conviction if found with less than 25 grams or less than 5 plants. Police do however have the discretion to lay a criminal charge. * Western Australia Conservative Government has been resisting calls for minor cannabis use to be decriminalized. Offenders must face court but most minor offenders walk away with small fines. * Northern Territory On-the-spot fines for possession of amounts less than 50 grams which were intended for personal use. *** 10. EDITORIAL: RUNNING ADS VS. PROTECTING KIDS This week, the Office of National Drug Control Policy, in conjunction with the Partnership for a Drug Free America, launched a $2 Billion anti-drug media campaign. Advertisements will run nationwide, on television, radio and the Internet. The ads will warn, threaten, cajole and plead with kids to stay away from the illicit drugs that we, after nearly eighty years of drug prohibition, have been unable to keep out of their reach. The ads, insofar as they are truthful, will probably do no harm, though there is scant evidence that they will do much good, other than to convince American parents that their government is at least doing something. But the very presence of the ads begs the larger and more important question: Why are these dangerous substances so far outside of the control of responsible society that we cannot keep them out of the hands of kids? The answer is that drug prohibition, like alcohol prohibition before it, has failed our children, and failed them spectacularly. We have been here before. On February 9, 1925, nearly halfway through America's disastrous national experiment in alcohol prohibition, Colonel William L. Barker, Northern Division, Salvation Army, was asked by a Minnesota newspaper reporter about the impact of Prohibition. Col. Barker's response, which speaks to a vastly increased level of access by children to prohibited substances, is as relevant to the parents of today as it was to the parents of the time. "Prohibition has diverted the energies of the Salvation Army from the drunkard in the gutter to the boys and girls in their teens," he said. "The work of the Army has completely changed in the past five years... Prohibition has so materially affected society that we have girls in our rescue homes who are 14 and 15 years old, while 10 years ago the youngest was in the early twenties." Today, we are faced with the shocking reality of twelve and thirteen year-olds using heroin, methamphetamine and LSD. And despite ever-increasing efforts to enforce prohibition, Michigan University's Monitoring The Future Survey shows that over the past twenty years, while America's incarce- rated population has grown nearly ten-fold, access by kids to these substances has either risen almost across the board. As for marijuana, the Michigan study shows that nearly 90% of twelfth graders say it is "easy" or "fairly easy" to obtain. And a survey, released in 1997 by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, found that when asked which is easier to buy, nearly four times as many 12- 17 year-olds answered 'marijuana' as 'beer'. Drug prohibition, far from a form of "drug control", is in reality the surrendering of control over dangerous and addictive substances into the hands of criminals. Envision a system under which licensed and highly regulated professionals (such as pharmacists) sell well-labeled and reliably pure substances at small profit margins from limited numbers of outlets to adults with valid proof of age under penalty of losing their livelihood. Now consider the reality of our current prohibition, a system under which unknown numbers of individuals, cloaked in secrecy, realize obscene profits by selling unlabeled substances of unknown purity in school yards and on street corners to anyone, of any age who can be convinced to buy them. And kids, young kids, are advantageous customers as they are very unlikely to be either cops or informants. In testimony on Capitol Hill last month, Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey bemoaned the presence of an insidious "elitist group" and their "devious" attempts to reform our nation's drug policy. He spoke of the "horrifying" prospect of "legalization", including "heroin being sold at the corner store to children with false identifications." But when was the last time that a child in this country, attempting to buy heroin, was asked for identification, false or otherwise, under the present system? In the face of McCaffrey's blatant mischaracterization, there are a growing number of responsible Americans, people like Mayor Kurt Schmoke of Baltimore, Ronald Reagan's former Secretary of State George Schultz, journalistic icon Walter Cronkite, and millions of American parents, doctors, educators and others who are calling for a re-examination of the very premise of prohibition. These dissenters are neither "devious" nor motivated by some desire to see the drug problem in this country get worse, especially as it relates to children. They simply understand that drug prohibition has not protected our kids any better than alcohol prohibition protected the youngsters of the nineteen twenties. At the ceremony heralding the launch of the media campaign in Atlanta, President Clinton told students, "These ads are designed to knock America upside its head and get America's attention." But "knocking Americans upside the head" is exactly what the drug war has done for decades, with disastrous consequences. What is needed is rationality and a strategy that emphasizes taking control, not more violence, psychological or otherwise. And who decided that kids, at whom the ads are primarily targeted, will respond to being "knocked upside the head" by their elders? Better we should take the drugs off the streets and concentrate as a society on providing kids with meaningful opportunities to become engaged, to connect with their communities and with people worth emulating. Has Bill Clinton, baby-boomer darling, forgotten how powerful is the pull of youth to ignore or even actively oppose the threats and the moralizing of ones' parents' generation? Or is Clinton, together with the rest of the Drug War establishment, buried so deep in their own bullshit that they are unable or unwilling to recognize the blatant hypocrisy in the rhetoric they trumpet as gospel? While it is certainly important to provide kids with information and warnings about the potential dangers of drug use, especially use at an early age, it is unlikely that the campaign will have much impact in an era of Prohibition. It is feel-good spending and election-year politics, diverting the public's attention from a record of failure that should shame even the most shameless politician. In the face of very real threats to the safety of our kids, such tactics ought to be repaid in spades on election night. If this is the best that our leaders can do, while junior high school students purchase heroin from the people to whom we have ceded the trade, then it is time for new leadership. This week, politicians from across the political spectrum will cheer the launch of the government's newest and most sophisticated anti-drug media campaign. But as you watch those spiffy new Partnership ads, ask yourself why our leaders insist on clinging to a system which abandons our children to an uncontrollable black market. And why we, the adults, have been reduced to begging them to just say no. Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html on the web. Contributions to DRCNet are not tax-deductible. *** DRCNet *** JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ STOP THE DRUG WAR SITE http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
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