------------------------------------------------------------------- Hemp Racing Team, Sunday July 19 In Portland (Portland NORML Director TD Miller Passes Along A Press Release About The Motorcycle Roadracing Team Dedicated To Educating People About The Benefits Of Industrial Hemp, Participating In The Formula USA Motorcycle 600 Series At Portland International Raceway) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 18:33:07 -0700 (PDT) From: Terry Miller (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Press Release, Hemp Racing Team, Sun. July 19th (fwd) To all, I guess the message is getting out in ways we don't even know about. TD ------- Forwarded message ------- Date: Mon, 13 Jul 98 11:30:07 -0700 From: Knewseed Energy (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Press Release, Hemp Racing Team, Sun. July 19th The Hemp Racing Team will be at the Portland International Raceway, July 17 - 19 for the Formula USA Motorcycle 600 Series. We are a motorcycle roadracing team on a Kawasaki ZX-6R, racing to educate people on the benefits of industrial hemp as a natural resource. Since our feature in the March issue of Hemp Times, we have been gaining momentum in the racing world. Our rider has proven his racing abilities, finishing 4th in the nation in the 1997 NASB 125 series and 1996 North American Sports Bike (NASB) Daytona motorcycle Grand Prix 125 class with the WWII slogan "Hemp for Victory" on the side of his race bike. Our team is currently working with hemp companies to produce hemp plastic bodywork, hemp plastic knee sliders and hemp transmission oil. We will be running hemp plastics by the end of this racing season. At that track, we have a vending unit selling our HRT merchandise, mostly hemp products. And with every purchase, we give away information regarding industrial hemp. Education is what we are about. Marcello del Giudice (our rider) will be singing the National Anthem for the start of the race. Marcelloıs singing is no coincidence, born of Las Vegas show parents, he is a natural entertainer. Self taught guitar player, songwriter, he has performed on stages as far south as Antarctica where he worked as a mechanic for ten years. With the recent boost in global awareness (recycling, logging issues and other environmental issues), the world has taken steps towards developing environmental products. We all know we need to do something ... and the hemp racing team is providing not only an ecological solution, but also market testing, television coverage, and a large target audience .... sports fans. check out our web site: http://www.knewseed.com/hrt *** The same weekend, there is large hemp event: WHEE, World Hemp Expo Extravaganza, located just north of Eugene. Although we canıt attend the WHEE due to our rigorous racing schedule, we hope to make a quick appearance.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug War, Not Ballot Measure, Is Menace (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Columbian' In Vancouver, Washington, Rebuts An Earlier Letter Opposed To Initiative 692, The Washington State Medical Marijuana Ballot Measure) Date: Mon, 24 Aug 1998 01:27:10 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US WA: PUB LTE: Drug War, Not Ballot Measure, Is Menace Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: MAP Source: The Columbian (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.columbian.com/ Pubdate: 15 July 1998 Author: Robert Harris DRUG WAR, NOT BALLOT MEASURE, IS MENACE Ann Donnelly's July 12 column, "Just say no to marijuana legalization," is very interesting. I would like to clear up a few of the many factual errors she writes as fact. First, Donnelly complains about the lack of age restrictions in the Compassionate Use Act of California. Unfortunately, there are no age restrictions on terminal illnesses, either. Until Congress passes a law that makes it illegal for children to get cancer, would Donnelly suggest not treating children? A law against childhood cancer would certainly be more productive than the law against marijuana use. When the United States passed the marijuana tax act in 1937, there were approximately 55,000 users in the country, according to the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. As of last year, after 60 years of prohibition, the federal Drug Enforcement Administration estimates there are 70 million users. Donnelly writes that under Washington's Initiative 692, marijuana would be legalized for medicinal use without restrictions. In the next sentence she writes that a doctor's recommendation would be required. A doctor's recommendation isn't a "restriction"? All of the physicians I know take their jobs very seriously and would no sooner prescribe marijuana to someone who doesn't need it than they would Valium. Donnelly claims that Arizona's medicinal marijuana campaign never made clear the measure could also have legalized medical use of illegal drugs other than marijuana. Is she suggesting that Arizona voters are too stupid to read a ballot measure? The measure won by landslide, but Donnelly writes, "Arizona lawmakers subsequently had to pass legislation to undo the damage." What really occurred was that the legislature acted against the will of the voting public. Donnelly asks, "Is this movement fundamentally about expanding the U.S. market for drugs?" We already have such a movement, led by the DEA, the U.S. Customs Service and the CIA. Without the U.S. government' s policy of prohibition, drug cartels wouldn't have the funds or the motivation to corrupt entire countries like Mexico, Columbia, the Bahamas. Personal drug use is bad, but compared to the wholesale corruption that billions of drug dollars bring, it seems like a lesser evil. Donnelly describes George Soros, a backer of medicinal marijuana initiatives, as "harder to categorize." Apparently she doesn't realize that Soros is probably the one person in the world most responsible for the end of communism in Europe. He is highly intelligent, motivated and generous and will go against political tides to push what is right, not what is expedient or traditional. Regulation and taxation Despite Donnelly's implication, Soros doesn't support legalization of marijuana. He just doesn't understand why we must allow participants in the only unregulated market in the world to profit beyond the capabilities of even the major regulated multinational corporations. He understands that the illegal drug market could be crippled in one swift move, by regulating and taxing it. Donnelly suggests that anyone against driving under the influence of intoxicants should be against the medical marijuana movement. Why? Would the initiative remove restrictions against driving under the influence? No. Did alcohol prohibition decrease driving under the influence of that substance? No. I have a number of prescriptions in my medicine cabinet right now that warn against using heavy machinery under the influence. What is so different about marijuana? In the course of my business, I spend a lot of time in Vancouver, B.C., Amsterdam, Germany and the New York City area. When I am in countries that allow their citizens more freedom and that don't support the drug dealers, I am much safer. I can walk on the streets of Amsterdam at 3 a.m. and not fear for my life, yet there are coffee shops selling hashish, marijuana and psychedelic mushrooms on every corner, sometimes up to six places in a block. It doesn't lead to crime; it decreases crime. In the past two years, Italy, Australia, France, Germany, Spain, and many other countries have stopped enforcing personal possession drug crimes. As a result, they live in safer communities. I challenge Donnelly to walk the streets of Portland at 3 a.m. and tell me how safe she feels in a country that spends $26 billion a year to fight the "drug menace." Even police officers and FBI agents can see that the war on drugs is fruitless and actually causes more damage that the drugs themselves. Using anti-drug rhetoric to deny sick people access to a substance that the American Medical Association was against making illegal in 1937 -- and which the AMA announced just last week is helpful in treating stroke victims, Alzheimer's patients and Parkinson's disease sufferers -- is beyond asinine. Let's admit we have made mistakes, and fix them before it really is too late. Copyright 1998 The Columbian Publishing Co.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Busted, Ravaged And Not Charged (A List Subscriber Forwards A Letter From The Reverend Gene 'Merlin' Weeks, An Adelanto, California, Medical Marijuana Patient Who Says He Was Busted With 22 Plants And Will Be Charged With Intent To Sell - Detective Dvorik, Who Leads The Marijuana Eradication Effort For The San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department, Reportedly Said That Proposition 215 Is Made Null And Void By Federal Law And Any And Every Medical Patient Who Is Cultivating Will Be Arrested And Their Plants, Medicine, Equipment, And Cash Will Be Seized) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 12:17:28 EDT Errors-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Originator: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com From: Remembers@webtv.net (Genie Brittingham) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Fwd: busted ravaged and not charged I received this last night. Gene Weeks is an ordained minister who has been organizing a cannabis co-op in Adelanto. He suffers from extreme arthritis and recently has been forced to use a wheelchair to get around, and is in extreme pain. I'm sure he could use our support, as do all of our people who have been arrested, trying to supply, much needed, medicine to patients, as a result of Prop. 215; most of whom are patients themselves. ------------- By the way, if there's anyone out there who could give me a ride out to Apple Valley, (my car won't make it), this Saturday afternoon; I have the opportunity to interview Gene and his attorney. Also attending will be Marvin Chavez (Orange County), Scott McWilliams (San Diego), Andea Nagy (Ventura) and James Silva. Please email me at email@example.com if you're available to make the trip. ------------ Thanks, Genie -She Who- She Who Remembers firstname.lastname@example.org www.remembers.com Hey Genie, This is rev Gene Weeks (Merlin) guess you heard by now I've been raided arrested and not charged. They claim they are going to charge me with cultivation w/intent to sell. Det. Dvorik who leads the mj eradication for San Bernardino County Sheriffs dept said that 11362.5 is made null and void by federal law and any and every medical patient who is cultivating will be arrested and their plants, medicine, equipment, and cash will be seized. I have been trying for 6 months to establish dialogue w/county law enforcement including giving them the 215 along with my card w/my address on it, and giving an interview to the local press ( THE DAILY PRESS in Victorville) which resulted in a very positive front page article on Sunday, June 14th. Their response to my plea for dialogue and cooperation was; on Monday, June 29th at 3:40 the entire eradication team served a search warrant on my home seizing my modest personal garden of 18 flowering plants, 24 non rooted clones and 4 mother plants, all growing equipment, $740 cash (all the money I had) for which I had a check stub from a semi annual distribution of a trust account, my entire collection of High Times, misc personal and intimate photos, and my personal medicine. They then at 4:20 pm arrested and transported me to west valley correctional facility in Rancho Cucamonga where I was detained without even my diabetes medicine, not to mention pain medication for my severely degenerated arthritic spine or my wheelchair. I was released three days later broke, sick, not charged with any crime and no medication. Thanks to a couple of angels named Janette and Alan I had a ride home and some McDonalds burgers (jail food isn't fit for my 8 yr. old dog, who was locked in my trailer alone while I was in jail). They continue to terrorize me with the threat that they are going to, at some juncture, charge me with cultivation with intent to sell because they found scales and zip lock baggies in my home. I'm depressed and confused as to the fact that I'm a Vietnam era veteran who is totally disabled, and now my government, for which I volunteered to do war, is now making war on me because I must use cannabis to make life and the painful body I'm trapped in just bearable for one more day. I love my country and the wonderful people that have the compassion to try to get our medicine made legal. I don't however understand why my government has an interest in the harassment and torture of the weakest most vulnerable of its citizens. What ever happened to "of the people, by the people and for the people" I've no criminal record and have spent most of my 51 painful years on this planet serving my fellow man as a pastor and community worker (for 8 years I served the community of Venice Beach as a liason between the LAPD pacific division and 3 warring gangs helping to stop the violence and increase the peace, working with Michael Zinzun of CAPA Kalil Shaw of Stop the Violence Increase the Peace, Mayor Reardon's office, Melvin Haward of the Pearl White Theater, Serving on the board of directors of Oakwood United and founding and Directing Positive Alternative Choices a 501c3 dedicated to keeping children in school and out of gangs. It seems a travesty that I should now face homelessness, destitution, and possibly prison for trying to reduce the pain with the only medicine that works; cannabis. Sincerely, your fellow freedom fighter, Rev. Gene "Merlin" Weeks
------------------------------------------------------------------- Advertising This Hemp Beer Is Definitely Legal, Though Its Ads May Hint Otherwise ('The Wall Street Journal' Says In The Advertising Business, It's Beer Ads That Make Creative Reputations, So When Lee St. James, Executive Creative Director At Ketchum Advertising In Pittsburgh, Heard About A New Brew Called Kentucky Hemp Beer, He Quickly Bombarded The Brewer With Unsolicited Advertising Ideas - The Results Show That For An Ambitious Advertising Executive, The Near-Illegality Of Hemp In The United States Spells Opportunity) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 20:50:08 +0000 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US WSJ Hemp Beer Is Definitely Legal Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ NewsHawk: Mark Greer Source: Wall Street Journal, Interactive Edition Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: SALLY BEATTY Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL ADVERTISING THIS HEMP BEER IS DEFINITELY LEGAL, THOUGH ITS ADS MAY HINT OTHERWISE Car ads pay the bills on Madison Avenue, but it's beer ads that make creative reputations. The problem is, there aren't enough plum beer accounts to go around. So when Lee St. James, executive creative director at Ketchum Advertising in Pittsburgh, heard about a new brew called Kentucky Hemp beer, he quickly bombarded the brewer with unsolicited advertising ideas. It wasn't long before the beer's maker, Lexington Brewing Co., in Lexington, Ky., unveiled the result: a series of poster ads that use drug imagery to play up hemp's illicit image. Each ad has a psychedelic pattern in the background. Each features a chilled bottle of Kentucky Hemp with a marijuana leaf on the label. (Stalks of the hemp plant are used in rope; its leaves and flowers produce marijuana.) "Undetectable to police dogs," reads one poster. "Eliminates cotton mouth," reads another, referring to a symptom experienced by pot smokers. "This bud's for you," reads a third, alluding to the bud of the hemp plant -- as well as Anheuser-Busch's Budweiser slogan. Each poster carries a small tagline: "Brewed in Kentucky. Legal in all 50 states." Mr. St. James says about 1,500 poster ads have been printed and are being distributed to bars and liquor stores in Kentucky, southern Ohio and southern Indiana. Hemp Is Hot In case you haven't heard, hemp is a hot commodity these days. Tapping into its naughty appeal, new-product designers are putting it into everything from facial creams to clothing. But growing hemp in the U.S. is another matter: It's illegal. Hemp seeds -- like those imported from Turkey for use in Kentucky Hemp beer -- can be brought into the U.S. only after the Drug Enforcement Agency has certified that they have been sterilized so they can't be cultivated. For an ambitious advertising executive, the situation spells opportunity. "It's kind of a short putt," says Mr. St. James. "If you can't do fun ads for a product made out of marijuana seeds, what can you do?" Still, the ads appear to violate voluntary beer-industry guidelines barring marketing materials that "imply illegal activity of any kind." Arthur DeCelle, general counsel at the Beer Institute, pointedly notes that Lexington Brewing isn't a member of the association. Anheuser, which is a member of the beer group, calls the "this bud's for you" ad created by Mr. St. James a "clear violation of our trademark rights." In a statement, Anheuser adds: "We are taking swift and strong legal action to prevent this and further violations." Mike Hart, president of Kentucky Hemp Beer Co., owned by Lexington Brewing, says he has heard from Anheuser's lawyers, and has no intention of expanding the posters into a full-blown ad campaign. Anheuser's ad agency DDB Needham, by the way, is a sister to the Kentucky Hemp campaign's creator Ketchum; both are owned by Omnicom Group. Copyright issues aside, the Kentucky Hemp ads focus unwelcome attention on beer advertising in general. "Like many other alcohol products, this seems deliberately designed for a youth consumer base," says George Hacker of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a consumer advocacy group in Washington, D. C. "Here's a beer being passed off as a drug. I'm not sure that's a positive message -- but at least it tells it like it is." The Federal Trade Commission, which polices advertising content, declined to comment on the new campaign. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, which regulates the labeling of beer sold across state lines, confirms that it approved Kentucky Hemp's marijuana-leaf label but didn't offer further comment. 'Never Do That' Rival brewers are less circumspect. "I would never do that -- we're dealing with a controversial product to begin with. We need to be responsible with it," insists Marjorie McGinnis, president of Frederick Brewing Co. The Frederick, Md., brewer positions its own hemp-spiked Hempen Ale and Hempen Gold as upscale microbrews, suitable for beer snobs' discriminating palates. Ad copy brags about "award-winning taste." Alcoholic-beverage makers regularly resort to provocative imagery to sell their wares for a simple reason: It works. Some recent efforts have been protected by the courts. Bad Frog Brewery of Rose City, Mich., made a name for itself last year with a label showing a frog making a crude gesture. Bad Frog's slogan: "So good, it's bad." Eight states immediately banned sales of the beer. But in January, a federal appeals court in Albany, N.Y., upheld Bad Frog's right to use its label on commercial free-speech grounds. "The controversy will probably help them, especially if the product is good," says Bad Frog's owner Jim Wauldron, reacting to Kentucky Hemp's ads. "That's what happened to us." He gets no argument from Mr. Hart of Kentucky Hemp Beer. "We like the controversy; we like the association [with marijuana], because it gets attention," Mr. Hart says. But he also says he has decided not to distribute the poster about cotton mouth. "We do not want to titillate kids with the marijuana association," he maintains. Currently Mr. Hart says he is selling about 7,000 cases a month. He expects that to rise to more than 10,000 cases a month by the fourth quarter, hitting his maximum capacity. Meanwhile, Ketchum's Mr. St. James is dreaming up ideas for future Kentucky Hemp ads. Come September, he hopes to run ads showing beer bottles in a clear plastic bag like those used to transport marijuana; beer bottles in a planter under a lamp like those used to grow pot indoors, and a beer clasped in a "roach" clip, a tweezer-like device used to hold marijuana cigarettes.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Arundel Revises Seizure Policy ('The Baltimore Sun' Says That, In The Wake Of Two Rulings By The Court Of Special Appeals On Forfeiture Cases In Other Maryland Counties, That Cars Not Being Used To Commit A Crime Should Not Be Forfeited, Chief Larry W. Tolliver Ordered Anne Arundel County Police Yesterday To Stop Seizing Cars In Simple Drug Possession Cases, A Rollback Of His Allegedly Popular 'Zero Tolerance' For Drug Trafficking) Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 00:59:27 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US MD: Arundel Revises Seizure Policy Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: Baltimore Sun (MD) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sunspot.net/ Author: Tanya Jones, Sun Staff ARUNDEL REVISES SEIZURE POLICY Cars won't be confiscated in simple drug cases; `Zero tolerance' defended Chief Larry W. Tolliver ordered Anne Arundel County Police yesterday to stop seizing cars in simple drug possession cases, a rollback of his popular and controversial "zero tolerance" for drug trafficking. The move marked the first shift in a vigorous and highly publicized policy that has evoked praise from residents tired of drug activity and criticism from those who believe zero tolerance is overbearing and a threat to constitutional protections of due process. In a written directive issued in March 1997, Tolliver told officers to seize vehicles if anyone inside had drugs or if drugs were found in the vehicle, regardless of who owned the vehicle, or whether the owner knew of the drugs. In one case that same month, county police seized a Ford Mustang belonging to a woman whose daughter was arrested for altering prescriptions for the painkiller Percocet. The daughter was arrested while driving the car. The State's Attorney Office took two weeks to return the car to the mother, who had to pay a $250 fee. The seizure policy -- plus added narcotics officers -- led to a dramatic jump in the number of cars, trucks and other vehicles taken from people arrested for crimes ranging from drug possession to distribution. Since January of this year, the department has seized 772 vehicles, nearly three times the number for the same period last year. Nearly two months ago, however, the county attorney asked Tolliver to review department policy based on two rulings by the Court of Special Appeals on forfeiture cases in other counties. Supervisors have been reviewing the policy and state law since then, and Tolliver said he agreed to the change after meeting Monday with County Attorney Philip F. Scheibe and Deputy County Attorney David A. Plymyer. The chief downplayed the effect of the changes he ordered. "This is not going to hamper what we're doing as far as zero tolerance," said Tolliver, who was named chief in January 1997. "If you're caught with a marijuana cigarette, you're going to be arrested, and we will continue to do that. We will not back off." In his memo to all personnel yesterday, the chief said police should continue to seize cars used to distribute drugs or that have been bought with drug money. "I expect that each officer will continue to ferret out those persons involved in drug activity," he wrote. Guidelines for seizures in other cases will be provided in a few days, according to the memo. Scheibe provided examples of how the seizure policy should now be applied. In a case where a person is found with 1 ounce of marijuana, but has no prior drug violations and is not arrested in a known drug trafficking area, the car he or she is in probably should not be seized, Scheibe said. However, when a person is caught with 5 ounces of marijuana, thousands of dollars in cash and is in a known drug trafficking area, that car would likely be seized, he said. After seizing a car, police usually recommend that the county State's Attorney office seek forfeiture of the car, meaning the owner would permanently lose it. If the car is not recommended for forfeiture, owners typically wait three to seven days to get the car back, according to State's Attorney Frank R. Weathersbee. In a January 1997 ruling the Court of Special Appeals reversed the forfeiture of a car in a 1994 Dorchester County case in which the defendant was driving his mother's BMW when police arrested him on an outstanding warrant and found cocaine and marijuana in his pocket and more than $4,000 on him and in the car. In a January 1998 ruling, the same court agreed with a Howard County Circuit Court ruling that forfeiture was not warranted in a 1996 case in which police found a crack pipe in a Corvette and crack and heroine in the driver's pocket. In both cases, the court said the cars were not being used to commit a crime and, therefore, should not be forfeited.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Louisiana Boys' Prison Is Epitome Of Neglect And Abuse (Though It Doesn't Say What Proportion Of Inmates Are Drug Offenders, A Lengthy 'New York Times' Article Uses The Example Of The Tallulah Correctional Center For Youth In Louisiana To Show How Juvenile Prisons Around The United States Are Getting Both More Numerous And More Inhumane) Date: Fri, 17 Jul 1998 09:52:10 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US NYT: Louisiana Boys' Prison is Epitome of Neglect and Abuse Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Fox Butterfield LOUISIANA BOYS' PRISON IS EPITOME OF NEGLECT AND ABUSE TALLULAH, La. -- Here in the middle of the impoverished Mississippi Delta is a juvenile prison so rife with brutality, cronyism and neglect that many legal experts say it is the worst in the nation. The prison, the Tallulah Correctional Center for Youth, opened just four years ago where a sawmill and cotton fields once stood. Behind rows of razor wire, it houses 620 boys and young men, age 11 to 20, in stifling corrugated-iron barracks jammed with bunks. From the run-down homes and bars on the road that runs by it, Tallulah appears unexceptional, one new cookie-cutter prison among scores built in the United States this decade. But inside, inmates regularly appear at the infirmary with black eyes, broken noses or jaws or perforated eardrums from beatings by the poorly paid, poorly trained guards or from fights with other boys. Meals are so meager that many boys lose weight. Clothing is so scarce that boys fight over shirts and shoes. Almost all of the teachers are uncertified, instruction amounts to as little as an hour a day, and until recently there were no books. Up to a fourth of the inmates are mentally ill or retarded, but a psychiatrist visits only one day a week. There is no therapy. Emotionally disturbed boys who cannot follow guards' orders are locked in isolation cells for weeks at a time or have their sentences arbitrarily extended. These conditions, which are described in public documents and were recounted by inmates and prison officials during a reporter's visit to Tallulah, are extreme, a testament to Louisiana's well-documented violent history and notoriously brutal prison system. But what has happened at Tallulah is more than just the story of one bad prison. Corrections officials say the forces that converged to create Tallulah -- the incarceration of more and more mentally ill adolescents, a rush by politicians to build new prisons while neglecting education and psychiatric services, and states' handing responsibility for juveniles to private prison companies -- have caused the deterioration of juvenile prisons across the country. Earl Dunlap, president of the National Juvenile Detention Association, which represents the heads of the nation's juvenile jails, said, "The issues of violence against offenders, lack of adequate education and mental health, of crowding and of poorly paid and poorly trained staff are the norm rather than the exception." Recognizing the problem, the U.S. Justice Department has begun a series of investigations into state juvenile systems, including not only Louisiana's but also those of Kentucky, Puerto Rico and Georgia. At the same time, private juvenile prisons in Colorado, Texas and South Carolina have been successfully sued by individuals and groups or forced to give up their licenses. On July 9, the Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana, an offshoot of the Southern Poverty Law Center, filed suit against Tallulah in U.S. District Court to stop the brutality and neglect. In the investigations by the Justice Department, some of the harshest criticism has been leveled at Georgia. The department threatened to take over the state's juvenile system, charging a "pattern of egregious conditions violating the federal rights of youth," including the use of pepper spray to restrain mentally ill youths, a lack of textbooks, and guards who routinely stripped young inmates and locked them in their cells for days. A surge in the inmate population forced Georgia's juvenile prison budget up to $220 million from $80 million in just four years, but the money went to building new prisons, with little left for education and psychiatric care. "As we went through a period of rapid increase in juvenile crime and record numbers of juvenile offenders," said Sherman Day, chairman of the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice, it was "much easier to get new facilities from the Legislature than to get more programs." After reacting defensively at first, Gov. Zell Miller moved quickly to avert a takeover by agreeing to spend $10 million more this year to hire teachers and medical workers and to increase guard salaries. Louisiana, whose juvenile system is made up of Tallulah and three prisons operated by the state, is the Justice Department's latest target. In hundreds of pages of reports to a federal judge who oversees the state's entire prison system under a 1971 consent decree, Justice Department experts have depicted guards who routinely resort to beatings or pepper spray as their only way to discipline inmates, and who pit inmates against each other for sport. In June, two years after the Justice Department began its investigation and a year after it warned in its first public findings that Tallulah was "an institution out of control," consultants for the department filed new reports with the Judge Frank Polozola of U.S. District Court in Baton Rouge, warning that despite some improvements, conditions had deteriorated to "a particularly dangerous level." Even a former warden at Louisiana's maximum-security prison, acting as a consultant to Polozola, found conditions at Tallulah so serious that he urged the judge to reject its request to add inmates. "I do not make these recommendations because of any sympathy for these offenders," former warden John Whitley wrote. "It shocks me to think" that "these offenders and their problems are simply getting worse, and these problems will be unleashed on the public when they are discharged from the system." THE PRIVATE PRISON When the Profits Are the Priority Some of the worst conditions in juvenile prisons can be found among the growing number of privately operated prisons, whether those built specifically for one state, like Tallulah, or ones that take juveniles from across the country, like boot camps that have come under criticism in Colorado and Arizona. Only 5 percent of the nation's juvenile prisons are operated by private, for-profit companies, Dunlap of the National Juvenile Detention Association estimates. But as their numbers grow along with privately operated prisons for adults, their regulation is becoming one of the most significant issues in corrections. State corrections departments find themselves having to police contractors who perform functions once the province of government, from psychiatric care to discipline. In April, Colorado officials shut down a juvenile prison operated by Rebound Corp. after a mentally ill 13-year-old's suicide led to an investigation that uncovered repeated instances of physical and sexual abuse. The for-profit prison housed adolescent offenders from six states. Both Arizona and California authorities are investigating a privately operated boot camp in Arizona that California paid to take hundreds of offenders. A 16-year-old boy died there, and authorities suspect the cause was abuse by guards and poor medical care. California announced July 8 that it was removing its juveniles from the camp. And recently Arkansas canceled the contract of Associated Marine Institutes, a company based in Florida, to run one juvenile institution, following questions of financial control and accusations of abuse. A series of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and state laws have long mandated a higher standard for juvenile prisons than for adult prisons. There is supposed to be more schooling, medical care and security because the young inmates have been adjudged delinquent, rather than convicted of crimes like adults, and so are held for rehabilitation instead of punishment. But what has made problems worse here is that Tallulah, to earn a profit, has scrimped on money for education and mental health treatment in a state that already spends very little in those areas. "It's incredibly perverse," said David Utter, director of the Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana. "They have this place that creates all these injuries and they have all these kids with mental disorders, and then they save money by not treating them." Bill Roberts, the lawyer for Tallulah's owner, Trans-American Development Associates, said that some of the Justice Department's demands, like hiring more psychiatrists, are "unrealistic." The state is to blame for the problems, he said, because "our place was not designed to take that kind of inmate." Still, Roberts said, "There has been a drastic improvement" in reducing brutality by guards. As for fights between the inmates, he said, "Juveniles are a little bit different from adults. You are never going to stop all fights between boys." In papers filed with Polozola responding to the Justice Department experts and Whitley, the state attorney general's office disputed allegations of brutality and of high numbers of retarded and mentally ill inmates at Tallulah. In a recent interview, Cheney Joseph, executive counsel to Gov. Mike Foster, warned there were limits to what Louisiana was willing to do. "There are certain situations the Department of Justice would like us to take care of," he said, "that may not be financially feasible and may not be required by federal law." THE ENTREPRENEURS An Idea Born of Patronage The idea for a prison here was put forward in 1992 by James R. Brown, a Tallulah businessman whose father was an influential state senator. One of the poorest areas in a poor state, Tallulah wanted jobs, and like other struggling cities across the country it saw the nation's prison-building spree as its best hope. Louisiana needed a new juvenile prison because the number of young people being incarcerated was rising steeply; within a few years it more than doubled. Adding to the number, mental health experts say, were hundreds of juveniles who had no place else to go because of massive cuts in psychiatric services outside of jail. Mental health authorities estimate that 20 percent of juveniles incarcerated nationally have serious mental illnesses. To help win a no-bid contract to operate a prison, the company Brown formed included two close friends of Gov. Edwin Edwards -- George Fischer and Verdi Adam -- according to a businessman involved in the venture's early stages, who spoke on the condition of anonymity. None of the men had any particular qualification to run a prison. Verdi was a former chief engineer of the state Highway Department. Fischer had been the governor's campaign manager, cabinet officer and occasional business partner. Tallulah opened in 1994, and the town of 10,000 got what it hoped for. The prison became its largest employer and taxpayer. From the beginning, the company formed by Brown, Trans-American, pursued a strategy of maximizing its profit from the fixed amount it received from the state for each inmate (in 1997, $24,448). The plan was to keep wages and services at a minimum while taking in as many inmates as possible, according to the businessman involved in the early stages. For-profit prisons often try to economize. But the best-run companies have come to recognize that operating with too small or poorly trained a staff can spell trouble, and experts say state officials must pay close attention to the level of services being provided. "Ultimately, the responsibility belongs to the state," said Charles Thomas, director of the Private Corrections Project at the University of Florida. State officials say they monitored conditions at Tallulah and first reported many of the problems there. But in fiscal year 1996-97, according to the state Department of Public Safety and Corrections, Tallulah still listed no money for recreation, treatment or planning inmates' return to society. Twenty-nine percent of the budget went to construction loans. By comparison, 45 percent of the $32,200 a year that California spends on each juvenile goes to programs and caseworkers, and none to construction. Nationally, construction costs average 7 percent of juvenile prison budgets, Dunlap said. "That means either that Tallulah's construction costs are terribly inflated, or the services they are providing are extraordinarily low," he said. THE INSIDE Hot, Crowded, Spartan, Neglectful Part of Tallulah is a boot camp, with boys crammed so tightly in barracks that there is room only for double bunks, a television set and a few steel tables. Showers and urinals are open to the room, allowing boys who have been incarcerated for sexual assault to attack other inmates, according to a report in June by a Justice Department consultant, Dr. Bernard Hudson. The only space for the few books that have recently been imported to try to improve education is a makeshift shelf on top of the urinals. Among the aging volumes that a visitor saw were "Inside the Third Reich," "The Short Stories of Henry James" and "Heidi." From their wakeup call at 5:30 a.m., the inmates, in white T-shirts and loose green pants, spend almost all their time confined to the barracks. They leave the barracks only for marching drills, one to three hours a day of class and an occasional game of basketball. There is little ventilation, and temperatures in Louisiana's long summers hover permanently in the 90s. The result, several boys told a visitor, is that some of them deliberately start trouble in order to be disciplined and sent to the other section of Tallulah, maximum-security cells that are air-conditioned. Guards put inmates in solitary confinement so commonly that in one week in May more than a quarter of all the boys spent at least a day in "lockdown," said Nancy Ray, another Justice Department expert. The average stay in solitary is five to six weeks; some boys are kept indefinitely. While in the tiny cells, the boys are stripped of all possessions and lie on worn, thin mattresses resting on concrete blocks. The crowding, heat and isolation are hardest on the 25 percent of the boys who are mentally ill or retarded, said Dr. Hudson, a psychiatrist, tending to increase their depression or psychosis. Although Tallulah has made some improvements in its treatment of the emotionally disturbed over the past year, Hudson said, it remains "grossly inadequate." The prison still does not properly screen new arrivals for mental illness or retardation, he reported. The part-time doctor and psychiatrist are there so infrequently that they have never met, Hudson said. Powerful anti-psychotic medications are not monitored. Medical charts often cannot be found. And the infirmary is often closed because of a shortage of guards, whose pay is so low -- $5.77 an hour -- that there has been 100 percent turnover in the staff in the past year, the Justice Department experts said. Other juvenile prisons that have come under investigation have also been criticized for poor psychiatric treatment. But at Tallulah this neglect has been compounded by everyday violence. All these troubles are illustrated in the case of one former inmate, Travis M., a slight 16-year-old who is mentally retarded and was also treated with drugs for hallucinations. Sometimes, Travis said in an interview after his release, guards hit him because his medication made him sleepy and he did not stand to attention when ordered. Sometimes they "snuck" him at night as he slept in his bunk, knocking him to the cement floor. Sometimes they kicked him while he was naked in the shower, telling him simply, "You owe me some licks." Travis was originally sentenced by a judge to 90 days for shoplifting and stealing a bicycle. But every time he failed to stand for a guard or even called his grandmother to complain, officials at Tallulah put him in solitary and added to his sentence. After 15 months, a judge finally ordered him released so he could get medical treatment. His eardrum had been perforated in a beating by a guard, he has large scars on his arms, legs and face and his nose was so badly broken that he speaks in a wheeze. A lawyer is scheduled to file suit against Tallulah on behalf of Travis. One reason these abuses have continued, Utter said, is that juveniles in Louisiana, as in a number of states, often get poor legal representation. One mentally ill boy from Eunice was sentenced without a lawyer, or even a trial. Poorly paid public defenders seldom visit their clients after sentencing, Utter said, and so are unaware of conditions at places like Tallulah. Another reason is that almost all Tallulah's inmates are from poor families and 82 percent are black, Utter noted, a problem that afflicts prisons nationwide to one degree or another. "They are disenfranchised and no one cares about them," he said. THE NEW GUARD A Retreat From Brutality In September, Tallulah hired as its new warden David Bonnette, a 25-year veteran of Angola State Penitentiary who started there as a guard and rose to assistant superintendent. A muscular, tobacco-chewing man with his initials tattooed on a forearm, Bonnette brought several Angola colleagues with him to impose better discipline. "When I got here, there were a lot of perforated eardrums," he said. "Actually, it seemed like everybody had a perforated eardrum, or a broken nose." When boys wrote complaints, he said, guards put the forms in a box and pulled out ones to investigate at random. Some were labeled, "Never to be investigated." But allegations of abuse by guards dropped to 52 a month this spring, from more than 100 a month last summer, Bonnette said, as he has tried to carry out a new state policy of zero tolerance for brutality. Fights between boys have declined to 33 a month, from 129, he said. In June, however, Ms. Ray, the Justice Department consultant, reported that there had been a recent increase in "youth defiance and disobedience," with the boys angry about Tallulah's "exceptionally high" use of isolation cells. Many guards have also become restive, the Justice Department experts found, a result of poor pay and new restrictions on the use of force. One guard who said he quit for those reasons said in an interview, "The inmates are running the asylum now. You're not supposed to touch the kids, but how are we supposed to control them without force?" He has relatives working at Tallulah and so insisted on not being identified. The frustration boiled over last week, during a tour by Sen. Paul Wellstone, D-Minn., who is drafting legislation that would require psychiatric care for all incarcerated juveniles who need it. Despite intense security, a group of inmates climbed on a roof and shouted their complaints at Wellstone, who was accompanied by Richard Stalder, the secretary of Louisiana's Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Stalder said he planned to create a special unit for mentally ill juvenile offenders. One likely candidate to run it, he said, is Trans-American -- the company that operates Tallulah.
------------------------------------------------------------------- This Is Your Brain On Heroin (An Anti-Prohibition Script You're Not Likely To See Until The Revolution Is Televised) Subj: anti prohibition advertising Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 08:46:19 +1000 How about this for a response ad to the "this is your brain on heroin ad"... *** CUT TO SCENE (Woman holding frying pan and egg in a kitchen) WOMAN: This is your brain on heroin (hold egg up - does nothing to it) WOMAN: You can see it's fine. Heroin does not cause brain damage, unlike alcohol. (pause) WOMAN: so you're fine.... that is until the government finds out your not using the drugs it wants you to, then they send you to jail. Let me tell you, if jail doesn't destroy your mind, nothing will. (smashes egg, lets it dribble down) WOMAN: but it doesn't stop there, your family is made to feel like failures, pariahs, people will spit on them in the street. (smashes plates) WOMAN: you've lost your family, lost your freedom and you're close to loosing your mind, down goes self respect, confidence, optimism. (smashes just about everything else) WOMAN: and then, thanks to our swanky new forfeiture laws (kitchen disappears, leaves woman standing, penniless in a field miles from anywhere) WOMAN: you're left with nothing. Your house, car, stereo, fridge all gone. But count yourself lucky - you've been saved from yourself. VOICEOVER: Brought to you by the partnership for a drug free america (except alcohol and tobacco and prescription), proudly f#cking you over for 30 years. *** Anonymous
------------------------------------------------------------------- Just Say $1 Billion ('New York Times' Columnist Frank Rich Ponders The US Government's New Anti-Drug Advertising Campaign, Asking, 'If All The Merchandising Might Of Hollywood Couldn't Make America's Teen-Agers Buy 'Godzilla,' Why Does Anyone Think That A Five-Year, $1 Billion Government Ad Campaign Is Going To Make Kids Swear Off Drugs? - And Notes The Industry Publication 'Brandweek' Has Challenged The Academic Studies The Partnership For A Drug-Free America Trots Out To Defend The Efficacy Of Its Ads, While 'Advertising Age' Says Most Of The First $90 Million Installment Will Go To Disney Productions) From: "Peter McWilliams" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Peter McWilliams" (email@example.com) Subject: DPFCA: Wow! From Today's New York Times Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 10:44:15 +0100 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ July 15, 1998 JOURNAL / By FRANK RICH Just Say $1 Billion If all the merchandising might of Hollywood couldn't make America's teen-agers buy "Godzilla," why does anyone think that a five-year, $1 billion government ad campaign is going to make kids swear off drugs? Especially ads like these. No sooner was this new exercise in bipartisan idiocy announced by Bill Clinton and seconded by Newt Gingrich last week than the premiere commercial of the campaign hit the networks. In this elegantly shot display of high-concept Madison Avenue creativity, a young woman armed with a skillet angrily smashes an egg and then an entire kitchen to dramatize the destructiveness of heroin. The ad is an oh-so-hip variation on a Golden Oldie of Reagan-era anti-drug advertising -- remember that fried egg once labeled "your brain on drugs"? -- and it sends bizarrely mixed messages. The woman looks like Winona Ryder; she's wearing a tight tank top; there are no visible track marks on her junkie-thin arms; and the kitchen representing her drug-induced hell is echt Pottery Barn, if not Williams-Sonoma. Far from discouraging teen-agers from drug use, our anti-heroin heroine -- so sexy when she gets mad -- may inspire some of them to seek out a vixen like her for a date. The mixed messages hardly end there. Not only will these ads coexist on TV with those pushing beer and pharmaceutical panaceas but with a commercial culture that in general subliminally sells intoxication. "A lot of advertising equates products with drug experiences," says Thomas Frank, the author of "The Conquest of Cool," a scintillating history of the modern ad biz. Whether it's a soft drink like Fruitopia trading on psychedelic packaging or a stylish new car promising its owner escape and speed or a Nike shoe bestowing enhanced physical powers, the ubiquitous message of the advertising medium is Get High. Though the new anti-drug campaign is the largest government merchandising effort in history, it's hard to imagine how it will be heard above the din surrounding it. Even at almost $400 million a year (half public funds, half pro bono freebies from media participants), it's still a far smaller campaign than McDonald's current and as yet inconclusive effort to win back its youthful defectors. Meanwhile, the industry publication Brandweek has challenged the methods of academic studies that the Partnership for a Drug-Free America trots out to defend the efficacy of anti-drug advertising. It calls the research "flimsy," adding that its findings "would hardly justify launching a new stain remover, let alone a program meant to help keep children sober and alive." While partisans on all sides of the drug wars have condemned the new ad campaign as wasteful, arguing that the money might be spent better on either more law enforcement or on more after-school programs and drug treatment, the public has been mum. This only encourages Washington to think of advertising as the new instant remedy to fool voters into believing that it is addressing intractable problems; Speaker Gingrich, proposing a new tobacco bill to replace John McCain's, has already suggested that anti-smoking ads be its centerpiece. What's next? An ad campaign to brainwash Americans into believing that they can trust their H.M.O.'s? It's enough to make you pine for the usual government gimmick of appointing blue-ribbon commissions to finesse hard policy questions, whether about AIDS or women in the military or Social Security. These commissions don't do anything either, but at least they don't cost us a billion bucks. Where is all that money going? To advertising agencies and their media outlets, from newspapers to MTV. Advertising Age reports that most of the first $90 million installment will go -- where else? -- to Disney. The mouse will throw in some bonus public service announcements on ABC, a Web site and, who knows, maybe an Epcot ride simulating the OD experience, in ex change for a $50 million "multimedia, cross-property package." The idea of Disney being on the Government dole is amusing enough, but it may also introduce a new economic model to the long and tortured history of the drug war. Where once we had companies that laundered drug money, now we have corporations synergizing anti-drug money. Should its "Armageddon" not cross the line into profit, Disney's share of this Washington bonanza may be just the fix it needs to help it feel no pain.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cynical Or Silly, These Ads Will Fry Your Brain ('San Jose Mercury News' Columnist Jim Trotter Thinks The Government's New $2 Billion Drug-War Advertising Blitz Is A Waste Of Money, And Quotes Lawrence Wallack, A Professor Of Public Health At The University Of California At Berkeley: 'It's The Kind Of Strategy That Makes Everyone Feel Like Something Is Being Done On The Problem - Everybody Is Happy, But It Is Just Not Sufficient To Have An Impact On The Problem') Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 01:02:53 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US CA: Column: Cynical Or Silly, These Ads Will Fry Your Brain Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Jim Trotter, Mercury News Staff Columnist CYNICAL OR SILLY, THESE ADS WILL FRY YOUR BRAIN BEING in the newspaper business, I certainly have no objections to advertising. I understand the need for radio and TV spots. I'm even tolerant toward those occasional media battles designed to win our hearts and minds. On the other hand, I find two of the current campaigns fairly despicable, and a huge waste of money, respectively. In the first, taken from radio and TV, exasperated voices intone, ``Working people get stuck paying all the taxes.'' ``I think Washington's answer to everything is new taxes.'' ``They're just basically milking that cash cow one more time. There's got to be some other way.'' ``Big taxes and government just aren't the way to go. The government is too much involved in our lives as it is.'' ``When are they going to get the message?'' ``I don't know.'' End spot. This message, playing throughout the Bay Area, is, pick one: A. Newt Gingrich, recounting the glory days of the ``Contract With America.'' B. Testimony from the IRS reform bill hearings. C. The tobacco industry discovering a new toehold. D. President Reagan, recalling a nightmare involving Tip O'Neill and a wheelbarrow full of tax bills. OK, next spot. This ad is running in newspapers and on TV. In the newspaper version, an apparently irritated young woman is holding a skillet with which she has smashed an egg. On TV, being TV, the woman is swinging the skillet wildly, smashing the egg, and quite possibly the toast and orange marmalade. THE message from this advertisement is: A. Damn! Out of coffee again! B. The little dog laughed to see such sport and the dish ran away with the spoon. C. This is what happens to your brain on drugs. If you answered C. to both questions, go to the front of the class. Only at the end of the ``big government'' spot do we hear that it has been brought to us courtesy of the nation's largest tobacco companies, which have spent millions in recent weeks to recast the proposed national settlement on tobacco-related health costs as a regressive tax on working families. Since working-class families and the poor suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illnesses, this campaign seems particularly cynical and disingenuous. But casting a catastrophic national health problem as ``big government tax and spend'' appears to be working. Just witness the recent death of the McCain bill in the U.S. Senate. The campaign has been running over several months in other states, but only recently in California, said a spokesman for BSMG Worldwide, the ad agency that is handling the tobacco industry's perspective. I find it reprehensible. THE anti-drug spot, meanwhile, was the kickoff of a new $2 billion advertising campaign President Clinton said is ``designed to knock America upside the head and get America's attention.'' And it would be wonderful indeed to find an effective way to turn young people away from drugs. But the first ad, at least, is very similar to the ``this is your brain on drugs'' campaign of a few years ago. The only difference I see is that this time around, the egg is smashed, rather than fried. The previous campaign became the butt of jokes and T-shirt slogans from coast to coast. Other than that, young people paid little attention. ``It's the kind of strategy that makes everyone feel like something is being done on the problem,'' said Lawrence Wallack, a professor of public health at the University of California-Berkeley. ``Everybody is happy, but it is just not sufficient to have an impact on the problem.'' Indeed, you just have to wonder how much counseling and treatment you could buy for $2 billion. Or how many school music and arts programs you could restore, or how many after-school and summer recreation programs you could fund. Two billion dollars should translate into many programs that could actually make a difference. Enough with the eggs already! Write Jim Trotter at the San Jose Mercury News, 750 Ridder Park Drive, San Jose, Calif. 95190; call (408) 920-5024 or send e-mail to email@example.com .
------------------------------------------------------------------- McCaffrey V. Dutch - Full Chronology (A List Subscriber Gives A Blow-By-Blow Account Of The White House Drug Czar's Recent Self-Inflicted Wounds) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 03:47:35 GMT To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: McCaffrey v. Dutch / full chronology I try not to miss a good chance to hang our drug czar with his own words. His recent fabrications of Dutch drug and crime stats presented a golden opportunity. Attached to the end of this message is all the relevant source material, in its entirety, reflecting just 5 days' worth of controversy over drug czar Barry McCaffrey's characterizations of the Dutch drug policy. (I must give thanks and credit to everyone else watching the same events erupt, offering comment, facts, and, especially, MAPNews providing the clips quickly from diverse sources. The fact that it's now so easy to point, click, and expose lies is a real credit to everyone working on reform...) My hope was to provide a quick reader on this for people who are aware of the situation, or should be, but haven't had the time to put the original documents together... First, here's a capsulation: JULY 9: On CNN's "Talkback Live," McCaffrey engages in a brief debate over the Dutch policy with "Drug Crazy" author Mike Gray. McCaffrey says, ominously, it turns out, "We ought to agree to disagree on the facts." Shortly afterward, he calls the Dutch experience, "an unmitigated disaster." JULY 9: Gray warns that a diplomatic protest could come from the Dutch embassy, which has been alerted that McCaffrey and his office are misrepresenting the facts about Dutch policy and results. McCaffrey changes the subject, saying the Dutch have received protests from the French and Germans over the results of their drug policy. Here, again, McCaffrey says: "I probably would again dispute you on the facts." JULY 10: McCaffrey tells AP he's not interested in visiting Dutch "coffeeshops," the hallmark of the nation's tolerant policy toward marijuana and hashish. "Coffeeshops would be a bad photo op," he explains. And, "I'm not sure there's much to be learned by watching someone smoking pot." JULY 11: From Washington, the Dutch ambassador to the U.S., Joris M. Vos, writes to McCaffrey, that he is "confounded and dismayed" by the czar's depiction of the Dutch policy. "I must say that I find the timing of your remarks, just six days before your planned visit to the Netherlands with a view to gaining firsthand knowledge about Dutch drug policy and its results, rather astonishing." A McCaffrey deputy spokesman, Rob Housman, tells the AP in Washington that he hopes the incident would not affect McCaffrey's European trip. JULY 13: In Stockholm, where he is beginning his European trip, McCaffrey comes out swinging. He says, "The murder rate in Holland is double that in the United States. The per capita crime rates are much higher than the United States." He provides statistics to the media. In 1995, McCaffrey says, the U.S. had 8.22 murders per 100,000 people, while the Netherlands had 17.58 per 100,000 (2.13 times the U.S. rate). He also says that the "overall per capita crime rates" are 5,278 per 100,000 in the U.S., and 7,928 per 100,000 in the Netherlands (1.5 times the U.S. rate). Also, at the Stockhold press conference, McCaffrey's staff hands out copies of the complaint letter to McCaffrey from ambassador Joris Vos. JULY 14: A Dutch agency, the Central Bureau of Statistics, publishes crime data contradicting McCaffrey's claims. The 1995 murder rate, rather than being double that of the U.S., is instead 1.8 per 100,000 in the Netherlands (making the U.S. rate 4.6 times higher). [There were 273 murders total in 1995, fewer than most U.S. cities.] However, for the year 1995, the Dutch ATTEMPTED HOMICIDE rate was 17.6 -- likely the number McCaffrey had cited. JULY 14: Dutch officials tell the Reuters news agency, "The figure (McCaffrey is using) is not right. He is adding in attempted murders." Foreign Affairs Ministry spokeswoman Birgitta Tazelaar adds: "(McCaffrey's) statements show ... that he is not coming totally unbiased. We hope he is coming here to learn from the Dutch drug policy, and one can only learn if open-minded.... We hope his opinions will ... come more into line with the facts." Comment: McCaffrey had his chance to get the numbers right. But before this controversy got anywhere he said he wanted "to agree to disagree on the facts" -- twice. That phrase is supposed to mean that some numbers are unknowable, or that their meaning is uncertain. It's not supposed to be a license to fabricate. You can imagine McCaffrey and his staff poring over statistics from the Netherlands: Hmmm, Either the Dutch murder rate is twice the U.S. rate, or it's barely one-fourth of it. Which is it? Let's say twice the U.S. rate! As Lyndon Johnson is credited with saying, "Make 'em deny it." Fortunately, the Dutch aren't taking this lying about them lying down. They offer the forlorn hope that McCaffrey might bring "his opinions ... in line with the facts." After he sees the light and stops "agreeing to disagree" about the facts, of course. Good luck. Many readers will recall that on June 18, The New York Times reported McCaffrey had said the following: "Through a slick misinformation campaign, these individuals perpetrate a fraud on the American people, a fraud so devious that even some of the nation's most respected newspapers and sophisticated media are capable of echoing their falsehoods." If you didn't know who he was actually talking about, one could almost conclude McCaffrey was talking about his own staff. -- dave fratello *** BEGIN COLLECTION OF SOURCE MATERIAL *** Excerpt from: CNN's "Talkback Live" -- Thurs. July 9, 1998 Host: Bobbie Battista Guests this excerpted segment: Gen. Barry McCaffrey, U.S. drug czar Mike Gray, author, "Drug Crazy" BATTISTA: And Mike Gray, I read in the research also that you were expounding a bit on how they do things overseas, certainly places in Europe. GRAY: Well, Bobbie, the Dutch don't have this problem. I mean, the Dutch realized a long time ago that a certain small segment of the youths are going to experiment with drugs regardless of what we do. And they felt that it was better for them to experiment with marijuana than with heroin and cocaine. So they erected a barrier between these drugs. They made marijuana available in coffee shops to anyone over 18. And as a consequence, they have an aging heroin population. In other words, the number of the heroin users in Holland are getting older and older, which means that they are not getting new recruits. General McCaffrey informs us that here in the United States, the greatest jump in use is among eighth graders. And this is during this incredibly stringent prohibition. The Dutch have a much more tolerant policy, and their results are better than ours across the board. MCCAFFREY: Mike, if I may, let me say again, I think we ought to agree to disagree on the facts. The Dutch experience is not something I would suggest we want to model. It's been an unmitigated disaster... GRAY: General, General, General, let me... MCCAFFREY: Let me finish, if I may, Mike. GRAY: OK, all right. MCCAFFREY: I would argue instead... Let me just take the title of your book, "Drug Crazy." It seems to me you've got to be crazy to use drugs or to make it easier for young people to do that. And that's essentially what some of us argue the Dutch have tried to do. GRAY: General, let me caution you that your deputy, Jim McDonough, told me that the situation in the Netherlands was a 'disaster' during one of our recent debates. So yesterday, I checked with the Dutch embassy in Washington. And hopefully, they are monitoring this broadcast, and you may get a diplomatic protest from the Dutch embassy because they are quite concerned... MCCAFFREY: They've done them from the French, also, I might add, diplomatic protests, and the Germans and others who are concerned about their example in Europe. GRAY: General, let me finish. The French have a higher addiction rate than the Dutch. We have a higher addiction rate than the Dutch. And the worst thing that we have is a decreasing age among the heroin users. MCCAFFREY: Actually, you know, I probably would again dispute you on the facts. The rates of drug abuse among young people in Holland have tended to go up dramatically during this period of time, while ours were going down. So I really don't agree with what you're saying. GRAY: Bobbie, I hope for the sake of settling this argument once and for all you will check with the Dutch embassy, because the Dutch embassy is going to issue a formal protest against this... *** Associated Press, Friday, July 10, 1998 MCCAFFREY TO VISIT EUROPE TO EXAMINE ANTI-DRUG PROGRAMS [snip] Associated Press, Saturday, July 11, 1998 MCCAFFREY REMARK IRKS AMBASSADOR [snip] Reuters, Monday, July 13, 1998 U.S. DRUG CZAR BASHES DUTCH POLICY ON EVE OF VISIT by Abigail Schmelz [snip] EXCERPTS FROM PRESS RELEASE BY DUTCH STATISTICS AGENCY [snip] Reuters, Tuesday, July 14, 1998 DUTCH REBUKE U.S. DRUGS ADVISER By Christine Lucassen [snip] MORE TO COME? *** [Portland NORML notes: Rather than reprint the full text of the articles cited, the editor deleted them here after creating links to where they appear in full in earlier daily news files.]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dutch Erupt At Speech By American Envoy - US Drug Czar Wrongly Cited Higher Crime Rate In Holland ('The San Francisco Chronicle' Says The Netherlands Reacted Angrily Yesterday To US Drug Czar General Barry McCaffrey's Criticisms Of Dutch Drug Policies And His Incorrect Claim That The Netherlands Has Much Higher Rates Of Murder And Other Crime Than The United States) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 08:44:24 -0700 (PDT) To: firstname.lastname@example.org, DPFT-L@TAMU.EDU From: "Tom O'Connell" (email@example.com) Subject: DPFCA: MAP: McCaffrey Abroad Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ A quick check of the NYT & Wash Post suggests that so far, the SF Chronicle may be the only US paper running this story. I suggest we spread it around to our local news sources. The initial claim (later abandoned) that liberal Dutch drug enforcement practices endanger American children is eerily reminiscent of accusations by Southern slave owners that abolitionist agitation in the North endangered Southern women and children. Tom O'Connell *** Source:San Francisco Chronicle PubDate:July 15, 1998 Page: A8 Dutch Erupt At Speech by American Envoy U.S. drug czar wrongly cited higher crime rate in Holland Chronicle News Services Amsterdam The Netherlands reacted angrily yesterday to critical remarks by U.S. drug czar General Barry McCaffrey in which he blasted liberal Dutch narcotics policies and incorrectly claimed that the Netherlands has much higher rates of murder and other crime than the United States. The murder rate in Holland is double that in the United States. The per capita crime rates are much higher than the United States," McCaffrey said at a press briefing yesterday in Stockholm. He is due to travel to the Netherlands tomorrow, but he may receive a cool reception after his wildly inaccurate remarks. He said the United States had 8.22 murders per 100,000 people in 1995 compared with 17.58 in the Netherlands and that overall per capita crime rates in the United States were 5,278 per 100,000 compared with 7,928 in the Netherlands. "The overall crime rate in Holland is probably 40 percent higher than the United States," said McCaffrey. That's drugs." The Dutch government's Central Planning Bureau poured scorn on McCaffrey's figures. Official data put the Dutch murder rate at 1.8 per 100,000 people in 1996, up from 1.5 at the start of the decade. The Dutch say the U.S. rate is 9.3 per 100,000. "The figure (McCaffrey is using) is not right. He is adding in attempted murders," a planning bureau spokesman said. The Netherlands, a front-runner in drug tolerance, recently started giving free heroin to hard-core addicts through a health ministry project. Dutch law permits possession of up to five grams of light drugs for personal consumption. Sale and consumption of hard drugs are not legally permitted, but authorities have developed a pragmatic approach, putting the emphasis on stopping drug-trafficking and helping addicts, who are treated as medical cases and not as criminals. A spokesman for McCaffrey, Robert Housman, said the drug czar would warn Dutch authorities not to "put American children ... at risk" by allowing its liberal drugs policies to be promoted abroad. But three hours later, Housman telephoned news agencies to say the statement "no longer stands" because it did not reflect McCaffrey's views.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Drug Czar Seeks To Dampen Dutch Ire (A Brief 'Chicago Tribune' Version) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 10:30:10 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: U.S. Drug Czar Seeks to Dampen Dutch Ire Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 U.S. DRUG CZAR SEEKS TO DAMPEN DUTCH IRE NETHERLANDS -- U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey sought Tuesday to ease Dutch anger over his criticism of the Netherlands' permissive drug laws, saying he has "high respect" for the country despite differences over narcotics policy. McCaffrey, a retired general, is on an eight-day tour to examine European drug treatment and prevention programs. Last week, McCaffrey told CNN the Dutch policy was an "unmitigated disaster" that had contributed to crime in the Netherlands -- comments that prompted a sharp response from the Netherlands' ambassador to the U.S., Joris M. Vos. On Tuesday, McCaffrey's spokesman, Robert Housman, issued a statement expressing concern the Dutch government was being "pulled into an internal political debate" in the United States by those who support decriminalizing drugs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Drug Czar Eases Criticism Of Dutch (An Even Briefer Illinois 'Daily Herald' Version) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 10:31:20 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: U.S. Drug Czar Eases Criticism of Dutch Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Daily Herald (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dailyherald.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Robert C. Herguth U.S. DRUG CZAR EASES CRITICISM OF DUTCH VIENNA, Austria - U.S. drug czar Barry R. McCaffrey sought Tuesday to ease Dutch anger over his criticism of the Netherlands' permissive drug laws, saying he has "high respect" for the country despite differences over narcotics policy. He had strongly criticized Dutch policy of allowing marijuana and other drug use for therapeutic and recreational purposes.
------------------------------------------------------------------- More Slime From ONDCP (A List Subscriber Dogs US Drug Czar General Barry McCaffrey's Missteps Through Europe, Quoting Excerpts From 'The Washington Post,' 'Washington Times,' 'Chicago Tribune' And 'San Francisco Examiner') Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 18:50:34 GMT To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: More slime from ONDCP As the Dutch dust-up continues to escalate, today's news brings: * This lead from the Washington Times (July 15, p.A4) -- "...McCaffrey rejected a rebuke from the Netherlands for calling liberal Dutch drug policies a crime-ridden 'disaster' and pledged to repeat the charge -- backed with evidence -- in Amsterdam. In an unusual diplomatic showdown planned for tomorrow, the retired Army general said he will jet into the Netherlands with new Interpol drug and crime statistics to declare that nation's drug policies a failure." * Also from the Wash. Times -- McCaffrey spokesman James McDonough, responding to a Dutch official who pointed out that the drug czar had used the wrong number, _attempted_ homicide, instead of homicide, in comparing crime stats between the U.S. and Netherlands, says: "Let's say she's right. What you are left with is that they are a much more violent society and more inept [at murder], and that's not much to brag about." * Today's Chicago Tribune and SF Examiner both quote from a statement issued by stand-in McCaffrey spokesman Robert Housman, which was later retracted because it was unauthorized. The statement said something to the effect that the Dutch were being used as a tool in the domestic U.S. drug debate, and that Dutch ideas about drug policy threaten American kids. Here are the quick references from each paper: -- SF Examiner: A spokesman for McCaffrey, Robert Housman, said the drug czar would warn Dutch authorities not to "put American children ... at risk" by allowing its liberal drug policies to be promoted abroad. But three hours later, Housman telephoned news agencies to say the statement "no longer stands" because it did not reflect McCaffrey's views. -- Chicago Tribune: On Tuesday, McCaffrey's spokesman, Robert Housman, issued a statement expressing concern the Dutch government was being "pulled into an internal political debate" in the United States by those who support decriminalizing drugs. And finally, from misc. sources -- the Dutch embassy in Washington is none too happy about McCaffrey's release of the letter of protest from its ambassador. According to the embassy, the widely quoted letter was confidential and private. McCaffrey's staff released it to international press in Stockholm. Rich... -- dave fratello *** ONCE MORE, WITH FEELING: "Let's say she's right. What you are left with is that they are a much more violent society and more inept [at murder], and that's not much to brag about." -- McCaffrey spokesman James McDonough
------------------------------------------------------------------- McCaffrey Tries To Ease Dutch Anger On Visit ('The Orange County Register' Version) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 11:59:32 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: McCaffrey Tries To Ease Dutch Anger On Visit Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 MCCAFFREY TRIES TO EASE DUTCH ANGER ON VISIT U.S. drug czar Barry R.McCaffrey sought Tuesday to ease Dutch anger over his criticism of the Netherlands' permissive drug laws, saying he has "high respect" for the country despite differences over narcotics policy. McCaffery, a retired general, visited the U.N. Drug Control Program in Vienna, Austria, as part of a tour of European drug treatment and prevention centers. The visit has been overshadowed by the storm over his criticism of the Netherlands for allowing marijuana and other drugs for therapeutic and recreational purposes. He said it contributed to crime.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Dutch Disturbed By US Remarks On Lax Drug Laws ('The San Jose Mercury News' Version) Date: Fri, 17 Jul 1998 09:47:02 -0700 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Dutch Disturbed by U.S. Remarks on Lax Drug Laws Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family
Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 DUTCH DISTURBED BY U.S. REMARKS ON LAX DRUG LAWS U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey sought Tuesday to ease Dutch anger over his criticism of the Netherlands' permissive drug laws, saying he had ``high respect'' for the country despite differences over narcotics policy. McCaffrey, a retired general, visited the headquarters of the U.N. Drug Control Program in Vienna, Austria, as part of an eight-day tour to examine European drug-treatment and prevention programs. But the visit has been overshadowed by McCaffrey's strong criticism of the Dutch policy of allowing citizens to use marijuana and other drugs for therapeutic and recreational purposes. Last week, McCaffrey told CNN that the Dutch policy was an ``unmitigated disaster'' that had contributed to crime in the Netherlands -- comments that prompted a sharp response from the Netherlands' ambassador to the United States, Joris Vos. ``I find the timing of your remarks, six days before your planned visit to the Netherlands with a view to gaining firsthand knowledge'' of Dutch drug policies, ``rather astonishing,'' Vos wrote McCaffrey. Tuesday, McCaffrey's press secretary, Robert Housman, issued a statement that expressed concern that the Dutch government was being ``pulled into an internal political debate'' in the United States by those who support decriminalizing drugs. Three hours later, Housman telephoned news agencies to say the statement ``no longer stands'' because it did not reflect McCaffrey's views. He gave no further explanation.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Chief Of Drug Effort Tries To Ease Dutch Anger ('The Associated Press' Version In 'The Boston Globe') Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 19:02:21 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Austria: US Chief Of Drug Effort Tries To Ease Dutch Anger Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dick Evans) Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: Boston Globe (MA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.boston.com/globe/ Author: Melissa Eddy, Associated Press US CHIEF OF DRUG EFFORT TRIES TO EASE DUTCH ANGER VIENNA - The US antidrug coordinator, Barry R. McCaffrey, tried yesterday to ease Dutch anger at his criticism of the Netherlands' drug laws, saying he has ''high respect'' for the country despite differences over narcotics policy. McCaffrey, a retired general, visited the headquarters of the UN Drug Control Program in Vienna as part of an eight-day tour to examine European drug treatment and prevention programs. The visit has been overshadowed by McCaffrey's strong criticism of the Dutch policy of allowing citizens to use marijuana and other drugs for therapeutic and recreational purposes. Last week, McCaffrey told CNN the Dutch policy was an ''unmitigated disaster'' that had contributed to crime in the Netherlands - comments that prompted a sharp response from the Netherlands' ambassador to the United States, Joris M. Vos. ''I find the timing of your remarks, six days before your planned visit to the Netherlands with a view to gaining firsthand knowledge'' of Dutch drug policies ''rather astonishing,'' Vos wrote McCaffrey. McCaffrey's spokesman, Robert Housman, yesterday issued a statement that expressed concern the Dutch government was being ''pulled into an internal political debate'' in the United States by those who support decriminalizing drugs. ''These legalizers put American children at risk,'' the statement said. ''The Dutch government should be renouncing them, not siding with them. ... Every nation is free to set their own policies domestically. However, other nations must respect the sovereignty of others and be keenly aware of the impacts of their policies on the global community.'' Hours later, Housman phoned news agencies to say the statement ''no longer stands'' because it did not reflect McCaffrey's views. He gave no further explanation.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Czar's Misstatements On Dutch Drug Policy Provoke Outrage From Dutch Officials, US Drug Policy Experts (A Press Release From Common Sense For Drug Policy, A Washington, DC-Based Public Education And Advocacy Organization) FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE July 15, 1998 Contact: Paul Lewin, 703-354-5694 Drug Czar's Misstatements on Dutch Drug Policy Provoke Outrage from Dutch Officials, U.S. Drug Policy Experts Gen. Barry McCaffrey's Eight-Day EuropeanTour of Anti-Drug Programs Dodged by Protest over Inaccuracies WASHINGTON, D.C. - Calling the Dutch drug policy an "unmitigated disaster" and relying on erroneous statistics, White House Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey embarked on an eight-day European tour of anti-drug programs amid criticism from Dutch officials and U.S. drug policy reform groups who are urging him to stick with the truth, not false facts. "The fabrications the Drug Czar has put forward thus far are completely at odds with the fact-finding nature of his mission in Europe," said Kevin Zeese, President of Common Sense for Drug Policy, a Washington, D.C.-based public education and advocacy organization critical of the drug war. "We wouldn't let a general this fuzzy with the facts lead an army into battle. Yet we're allowing a general who has clearly lost his objectivity to determine sweeping policy that impacts millions of Americans. We urge McCaffrey to approach the remainder of his tour with a more open mind." At the center of the controversy are statements McCaffrey made at Monday, July 13 press conference in Stockholm. McCaffrey cited the murder rate in the Netherlands as double that in the United States, and blamed drugs as a major culprit. McCaffrey said the U.S. had 8.22 murders per 100,000 people in 1995 compared to 17.58 murders in the Netherlands. The Dutch government's Central Planning Bureau has disputed the claim, faulting McCaffrey for including attempted murders in his figures. Accurate data put the Dutch murder rate at 1.8 per 100,000. (see attached fact sheet) The Stockholm conference came on the heels of similar misstatements McCaffrey made on a July 9 CNN "Talkback Live" debate with Mike Gray, author of Drug Crazy, a critically acclaimed account of the failures of the drug war. McCaffrey called the Dutch drug policy an "unmitigated disaster" that has resulted in escalating drug use among the Netherlands' youth - a claim also at odds with the facts. In a June 25th radio interview on the "Marc Cooper Show" (Pacifica KPFK in Los Angeles), Jim McDonough, Counsel to the Office of National Drug Control Policy, also claimed that the murder rate in the Netherlands was higher than in the U.S. When asked by the Washington Times to respond to a Dutch official's refutation of the claim, McDonough responded, "Let's say she's right. What you're left with is that they are much more violent society and more inept [at murder], and that's nothing to brag about." "(McCaffrey's) statements show...that he is not coming totally unbiased," Dutch Foreign Affairs Ministry spokesperson Birgitta Tazelaar told Reuters on July 14. "We hope his opinions will...come more into line with the facts."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Are The Dutch Inept At Murder Compared To Americans? (List Subscribers Inspired By An Egregiously Stupid Remark By McCaffrey Spokesman James McDonough Research The Statistics On Attempted Murder Rates In The Netherlands And The United States - The 1995 Dutch Rate Was 17.58 Per 100,000 While The US Rate Was 418.3 Per 100,000, More Than 20 Times Higher) From: "Barrington Daltrey" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 21:41:38 -0700 Subject: McCaffrey Reply-to: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Aren't these morons embarrassed to demonstrate that they have no logical skills whatsoever? Wouldn't it be a really *good idea* to check the U.S. "attempted murder" stat. before claiming the Dutch one proves it is a more violent society? I find it pretty hard to believe all U.S. attempted murders are *successful* so starting at 9.2 or whatever for successful ones, where do we end up when we add in the unsuccessful ones? Sure nice to know Americans lead the world in the skill level of their murderers, if that is McCaffrey's point. Another technology we can export. ONCE MORE, WITH FEELING: "Let's say she's right. What you are left with is that they are a much more violent society and more inept [at murder], and that's not much to brag about." -- McCaffrey spokesman James McDonough *** Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 09:04:53 -0500 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: James Hammett (email@example.com) Subject: Re: More slime from ONDCP Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org At 10:50 PM -0500 on 7/15/98, you (Bob Ramsey) wrote: >OK, so now we gotta dig up stats on something called "attempted murder," >which is rather squishy. Is it attempted murder is a victim complains, or >if a D.A. presses charges? > > -Bob R I remember a snippet that a Criminology prof made in one of his lectures, it was something like: Murder is basically an aggravated assault, where the victim dies. or Aggravated assault is a murder, where the victim survives. (Or something like that). I think the Dutch statistics about attempted murder, probably could be compared to aggravated assault. later, James *** Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 11:02:59 +0000 To: email@example.com From: "Adam J. Smith" (ajsmith@INTR.NET) Subject: Dutch vs. US "attempted murder" stats Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Friends, As for Holland being more violent than the US, while the FBI doesn't keep stats on "attempted murder" they do keep "aggravated assault" which they define as assault, usually with a deadly weapon, which would be likely to cause death or grievous injury. That sounds about like "attempted murder" as the Dutch define it. Using those (arguably) analogous numbers, one finds that while the Dutch (1995) rate was 17.58 per 100,000 the U.S. rate (1995) was 418.3 per 100,000... More than 20 times higher. Y'know... the drug warriors would save themselves a lot of grief if they would only learn to say, "well, we made a mistake." But in a war, you concede nothing... so much for McCaffrey's "cancer" metaphor. - adam Adam J. Smith, JD Associate Director, Drug Reform Coordination Network (DRCNet) 2000 P Street, NW Suite 615 Washington, DC 20036 V: (202) 293-8340 F: (202) 293-8344 http://www.drcnet.org http://www.stopthedrugwar.org http://www.druglibrary.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Drug Czar Criticizes Swiss Heroin Handouts ('Reuters' Says General Barry McCaffrey Was In Zurich Wednesday And Dismissed Switzerland's Heroin Distribution Program For Severe Addicts, Lying Once Again When He Said, 'We Have Historical Experience In The 1920s That It Did Not Work' - Plus List Subscriber Commentary) Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 00:44:52 GMT To: MAP editor (email@example.com), firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: McC declines Dutch debate; moderates Swiss attacks Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org (I promise, I'll stop this soon, but tomorrow may prove irresistible....) Highlights: -- McCaffrey: "It's probably less helpful to continue a debate through the press over the nature of Dutch drug policy than to have a face to face, open evaluation of it." and, despite the overall negative thrust of his comments on the Swiss: -- ...[A] Swiss health official said ... McCaffrey had backed down from some of his comments about addiction in Switzerland after his meetings. Thomas Zeltner, head of the Swiss federal health bureau, said he told McCaffrey that the maintenance program was limited to below 10 percent of all chronic heroin users and that Swiss officials had produced data to show that the U.S. adviser's conclusions about Swiss addiction rates were wrong. -- translation of above: McCaffrey had suggested that the heroin maintenance experiment had some causal role in the high Swiss addiction rate; the honest spin was that the experiment was a _response_ to it; the Swiss convinced McCaffrey to stop misleading people as he had... for now... *** Reuters, Wednesday July 15 2:22 PM EDT US drug czar criticizes Swiss heroin handouts By Greg Calhoun ZURICH (Reuters) - The top U.S. drug policy adviser on Wednesday criticized Switzerland's heroin distribution program for severe addicts and said he was anxious to see the results of the experiment several years from now. "I'm very skeptical about the evidence of heroin maintenance. I think that our own thinking is to strongly oppose this. We have historical experience in the 1920s that it did not work," General Barry McCaffrey, the White House drugs chief, told a news briefing in Zurich. McCaffrey, who made headlines earlier in his five-country European tour by slamming lenient Dutch drug policy, brushed aside a question from a Dutch journalist on his critical comments. "It's probably less helpful to continue a debate through the press over the nature of Dutch drug policy than to have a face to face, open evaluation of it," he said. In Stockholm earlier this week, he blamed tolerant Dutch drug laws for much higher rates of murder and other crimes than those in the United States. The Netherlands on Tuesday rebuked McCaffrey for his statements, but said he was welcome to learn from the Dutch experience. McCaffrey had said there were 17.58 murders for every 100,000 inhabitants in the Netherlands in 1995 compared with 8.22 in United States. But the Dutch government's Central Planning Bureau put the rate at 1.8 per 100,000 in 1996 and said the U.S. adviser had apparently added in attempted murders to his figures. The Netherlands tolerates the small-scale production and sale of so-called soft drugs but actively discourages the abuse of hard drugs. After meetings with health and law enforcement officials in Zurich on Wednesday, McCaffrey praised the overall approach to drug policy in Switzerland and the cooperation between law enforcement and social services. But he said the practice of giving drugs to severe addicts was "like giving alcohol to the alcoholic." After a three-year study, the Swiss government decided earlier this year that drug addicts who do not respond to other kinds of therapy should be given state-provided heroin under medical supervision. McCaffrey said that in his view such schemes provided the short-term benefit of reducing crime, but ultimately led to an increase of drug use. "Our own worry would be that in the longer term it will contribute to an inexorable growth in the rate of heroin use and become a disfunctional aspect of drug prevention in society at large," he said. But a Swiss health official said after the news briefing that McCaffrey had backed down from some of his comments about addiction in Switzerland after his meetings. Thomas Zeltner, head of the Swiss federal health bureau, said he told McCaffrey that the maintenance program was limited to below 10 percent of all chronic heroin users and that Swiss officials had produced data to show that the U.S. adviser's conclusions about Swiss addiction rates were wrong.
------------------------------------------------------------------- McCaffrey's Resignation (One List Subscriber Thinks Lying Will Get The US Drug Czar Fired - A Second Doesn't, And Writes Out The Only Sort Of Message He Thinks Would Lead To McCaffrey's Forced Resignation - An Admission That Current Policies Are A Failure, And A Call For An End To The Drug War) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 19:34:39 -0700 To: email@example.com From: Gerald Sutliff (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: McC's resignation, no longer whether Sender: email@example.com Dear Talkers, By his recent antics he has made himself expendable. Who's taking bets on date of his resignation? vty, jerry sutliff *** Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 19:59:54 -0800 To: Gerald Sutliff (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: email@example.com (Charles Rollins Jr) Subject: Re: McC's resignation, no longer whether Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Jerry, I have a feeling that McCaffrey, will be with us for awhile. Just take a look at what some of his cohorts have done. I believe the only thing that would cost him his job is the following, the truth shall set McCaffrey free (from his job) "My fellow Americans as a sane, rational, and compassionate people we must change the current direction we are heading in drug policy. Our children's future, the fate of the world, and the liberty we cherish so much demands it. I propose the following * The immediate legalization of cannabis for recreational, and medical use. The War against this plant has caused more hell and heart ache than the plant ever could. * The immediate legalizing of industrial Hemp, industry be damned, our world demands this. * The immediate decriminalization of the use of soft drugs. The victims of violent crime, who too often see the offender walk because their is no room for them in prison demand this. * The immediate change of policy nation wide, to treatment instead of incarceration. Addicts should be allowed to make an informed choice of how their treatment will be handled. All workable treatments options should be available. * The immediate implementation of a federally funded needle program. AIDS and other infectious diseases have already claimed too many lives. We must reduce infection by any means possible, all that is sacred demands it. Tonight if you pray, pray to God for his forgiveness for what we have done in the name of the "War On Drugs" .....Thank you"
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Probe Implicates Salinas (A Knight-Ridder Syndicated Article In 'The Seattle Times' Says Swiss Prosecutors Have Three Witnesses Who Claim Former Mexican President Carlos Salinas De Gortari Received Money From Illegal Drug Traffickers)Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 21:10:26 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: SWITZERLAND: Drug Probe Implicates Salinas Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Source: Seattle-Times (WA) Pubdate: Wednesday, 15 July, 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: Andres Oppenheimer, Knight Ridder Newspapers DRUG PROBE IMPLICATES SALINAS Swiss prosecutors looking into more than $130 million in suspected drug deposits in Swiss banks have stumbled into a political minefield - claims by their witnesses that former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari received drug money. At least three witnesses have told Swiss prosecutors that their drug cartels paid off members of the Salinas family, including the former president, for protecting their activities in Mexico. The claims have come up in the drug-money-laundering case against Raul Salinas, the former president's brother. Mexican officials, defense lawyers and some independent legal experts question the credibility of the allegations, pointing out that they were made by convicted criminals who might have concocted the stories to negotiate lighter sentences or better prison conditions. Still, U.S. and Mexican law-enforcement agents say that if Swiss prosecutors provide evidence to corroborate the testimonies, the allegations would create a political storm in Mexico and seriously undermine already strained U.S.-Mexican anti-drug efforts. Switzerland froze more than $130 million in Swiss bank accounts of Raul Salinas on suspicions of drug money laundering in 1995. Swiss prosecutors say they will prove the money was tied to drug trafficking in a trial expected later this year. Raul Salinas was jailed in 1995 on charges of masterminding the murder of a leader of Mexico's ruling party. Former President Salinas is living in self-imposed exile in Ireland and has not been charged. Among the witnesses who have tied the former president to the drug trade are Colombian-born Medellin Cartel drug trafficker Jose Manuel Ramos, Chilean-born Cali Cartel accountant Guillermo Pallomari, and an unidentified truck driver who testified under the nickname of Erich, according to documents and law-enforcement officials. The three were questioned in 1996 and 1997 by Swiss Attorney General Carla del Ponte and anti-narcotics chief Valentin Roschacher in U.S. prisons, in the presence of at least three U.S. officials in each case, according to witnesses. Ramos told the Swiss prosecutors that he smuggled large quantities of cocaine from Colombia to Mexico, and from there to the United States, between 1979 and 1990. He claimed that in the late 1980s he paid large amounts of money to Raul Salinas for the right to land cocaine-loaded jets in the northern state of Tamaulipas. Ramos said that at a meeting at the Galeria Plaza Hotel in Mexico City in late 1987, Raul Salinas told him that money was needed for his brother's presidential campaign and that the Salinas family would offer protection for drug planes to land in exchange for money. A deal was struck in which the Medellin Cartel would pay Raul Salinas $300,000 per landing, Ramos said. Over the next few years, he paid Raul Salinas more than $80 million, he claimed. Ramos conceded to the Swiss prosecutors that he never talked to Carlos Salinas, and that all his dealings were with his brother Raul and, on one occasion, with their father.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mexico Lets Former Police Director Testify In US ('The San Francisco Chronicle' Says Mexican Law Enforcement Officials Have, In A Groundbreaking Collaboration, Allowed Former Police Director Adrian Carrera Fuentes, The Jailed Former Head Of The Mexican Police, To Travel Secretly To The United States To Testify About Drug Payoffs At High Levels Of The Mexican Government) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 12:04:03 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US/Mexico: Mexico Let Former Police Director Testify in US Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Tom O'Connell) Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Page:A 8 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Tim Golden New York Times MEXICO LET FORMER POLICE DIRECTOR TESTIFY IN US Collaboration On High-Ranking Drug Case A First After years of blocking U.S. efforts to investigate corruption in their ranks, Mexican law enforcement officials have allowed the jailed former head of their national police to travel secretly to the United States to testify about drug payoffs at high levels of the Mexican government. In what U.S. officials described as a groundbreaking collaboration between the two countries, former Police Director Adrian Carrera Fuentes told a federal grand jury in Houston in June that he collected nearly $2 million in drug bribes in 1993 and 1994 and turned the money over to a former colleague)Mario Ruiz Massieu, two officials familiar with the testimony said, U.S. investigators said Carrera's account could be the evidence they have long sought in what has been a frustrating effort to prosecute Ruiz Massieu, who was arrested in New Jersey three years ago, or extradite him to Mexico to face charges there. Mexican officials took the case so seriously that they agreed to let Carrera travel to the United States amid an angry dispute over the Clinton administration's failure to alert them to a huge U.S. undercover operation to stop money laundering by Mexican banks. U.S. officials are hopeful that the testimony of Carrera and other new witnesses may eventually prompt Ruiz Massieu to testify about allegations of corruption in the inner circle of former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. The discovery of more than $130 million that was deposited in Swiss banks by Salinas' elder brother, Raul, has led to corruption investigations in Europe, the United States and Mexico. But U.S. officials said Mexico's decision to allow Carrera to testify in the United States was probably most important for the precedent it sets. "This is extremely important to the relationship," one U.S. law enforcement official said. "When you have as much cross-border crime as we and Mexico have, the ability to share these witnesses is a significant breakthrough for our ability to prosecute." A lawyer for Ruiz Massieu, Cathy Fleming, said Carrera's reported testimony contradicted previous sworn statements he had given. She said, "If he tells the truth now, Mario will have no problems." The two governments have paraded court witnesses and confidential informants many times beore. But Carrera is the first witness to reach the United States from the upper ranks of the Mexican government after taking advantage of a new law that has modernized that country's justice system by allowing prosecutors to protect cooperative witnesses and plea-bargain with criminals. His appearance is also notable because Mexican officials said they might yet try again to extradite Ruiz Massieu to face drug or corruption charges in Mexico. Ruiz Massieu's former secretary, Maria Dolores Mota, has also begun to cooperate with the Mexican authorities after spending more than three years as a fugitive. Carrera, 55, held senior posts in Mexico's prison system and police force during most of the six years Salinas was president. He also worked closely with Ruiz Massieu, who served twice as a deputy attorney general and who, during six months in 1994, supervised federal police and anti-drug operations. After Ruiz Massieu fled Mexico in early 1995 and was arrested at Newark International Airport, Carrera was charged in Mexico City with having helped him to cover up the role of Raul Salinas in ordering a political assassination. Although the authorities never made a case against Carrera at that time, he was arrested again in late March during a raid by the new Organized Crime Unit of the police force he once led. Confronted with what was by then considerable evidence of his involvement in drug trafficking and other crimes, he opted to become the new squad's most important cooperating witness to date.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Police Chief Cooperates In US Drug Probe ('The New York Times' Version In 'The Orange County Register') Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 12:07:33 -0800 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US/Mexico: Ex-Police Chief Cooperates In U.S. Drug Probe Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk:John W.Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Author: Tim Golden-The New York Times EX-POLICE CHIEF COOPERATES IN U.S. DRUG PROBE Crime: The former Mexican official says he accepted $2 million in bribes in '93 and '94. HOUSTON - Mexican law-enforcement officials have allowed the jailed former head of their national police to travel secretly to the United States to testify about drug payoffs, two officials familiar with the case said. The former police director, Adrian Carrera, told a federal grand jury in Houston in June that he collected nearly $2 million in drug bribes in 1993 and 1994 and turned the money over to a former colleague, Mario Ruiz Massieu, the U.S. officials said. The called it a ground breaking collaboration between the two countries. U.S. investigators said Carrera's account could be the evidence they have long sought in what has been a frustrating effort to prosecute Ruiz Massieu, who was arrested in New Jersey three years ago, or extradite him to Mexico to face charges. Mexican officials took the case so seriously that they agreed to let Carrera appear amid a dispute over the Clinton administration's failure to alert them to a U.S. undercover operation to stop money laundering by Mexican banks. U.S. officials are hopeful that the testimony of Carrera and other new witnesses will prompt Ruiz Massieu to testify about allegations of corruption in the inner circle of former President Carlos Salinas. The discovery of more than $130 million deposited in Swiss banks by Salinas' elder brother, Raul, has led to corruption investigations in Europe, the United States and Mexico. A lawyer for Ruiz Massieu, Cathy Fleming, said the reported testimony contradicted previous sworn statements by Carrera. "If he tells the truth now," she said, "Mario will have no problems." The two governments have traded court witnesses and confidential informants many times before. But Carrera is the first high-level witness to reach the United States after passage of a new law allowing prosecutors to protect cooperative witnesses and plea-bargain with criminals. Carrera, 55, held senior posts in Mexico's prison system and police force during most of Salinas' six-year term. He also worked closely with Ruiz Massieu, who supervised federal police and anti-drug operations.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jailed Mexican Official Allowed To Testify In US (A Lengthier 'New York Times' Version In 'The San Jose Mercury News') Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 13:58:23 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: Jailed Mexican Official Allowed To Testify In U.S. Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Author: Tim Golden New York Times JAILED MEXICAN OFFICIAL ALLOWED TO TESTIFY IN U.S. HOUSTON -- After years of blocking U.S. efforts to investigate corruption in their ranks, Mexican law enforcement officials have allowed the jailed former head of their national police to travel secretly to the United States to testify about drug payoffs at high levels of the Mexican government. In what U.S. officials described as a ground-breaking collaboration between the two countries, former Police Director Adrien Carrera Fuentes told a federal grand jury in Houston in June that he collected nearly $2 million in drug bribes in 1993 and 1994 and turned the money over to a former colleague, Mario Ruiz Massieu, two officials familiar with the testimony said. Key evidence U.S. investigators said Carrera's account could be the evidence they had long sought in what has been a frustrating effort to prosecute Ruiz Massieu, who was arrested in New Jersey three years ago, or extradite him to Mexico to face charges there. Mexican officials took the case so seriously that they agreed to let Carrera travel to the United States in the midst of an angry dispute over the Clinton administration's failure to alert them to a huge U.S. undercover operation to stop money-laundering by Mexican banks. U.S. officials are hopeful that the testimony of Carrera and other new witnesses may eventually prompt Ruiz Massieu to testify himself about allegations of corruption in the inner circle of former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. The discovery of more than $130 million that was deposited in Swiss banks by Salinas' brother, Ra=FAl, has led to corruption investigations in Europe, the United States and Mexico. But U.S. officials said Mexico's decision to allow Carrera to testify was probably most important for the precedent it set. ``This is extremely important to the relationship,'' one U.S. law enforcement official said. ``When you have as much cross-border crime as we and Mexico have, the ability to share these witnesses is a significant breakthrough.'' An attorney for Ruiz Massieu, Cathy Fleming, said Carrera's reported testimony contradicted previous sworn statements he had given. She said, ``If he tells the truth now, Mario will have no problems.'' The two governments have traded court witnesses and confidential informants many times before. But Carrera is the first witness to reach the United States from the upper ranks of the Mexican government after taking advantage of a new law that has modernized that country's justice system by allowing prosecutors to protect cooperative witnesses and plea-bargain with criminals. Senior official Carrera, 55, held senior posts in Mexico's prison system and police force during most of the six years Salinas was president. He also worked closely with Ruiz Massieu, who served twice as a deputy attorney general and who, during six months in 1994, supervised federal police and anti-drug operations. After Ruiz Massieu fled Mexico in early 1995 and was arrested at Newark International Airport, Carrera was charged in Mexico City with having helped him to cover up the role of Ra=FAl Salinas in allegedly ordering a political assassination. Although the authorities never made a case against Carrera at that time, he was arrested again in late March during a raid by the new Organized Crime Unit of the police force he once led. Confronted with what was by then considerable evidence of his involvement in drug trafficking and other crimes, he opted to become the new squad's most important cooperating witness to date. Plea bargain Carrera is now serving a four-year prison sentence as part of his plea bargain. In court proceedings this year in Mexico City, he has confirmed much of what U.S. officials long suspected about him. At their own initiative, Mexican law enforcement officials arranged to bring Carrera to Houston, where he testified June 3 to a federal grand jury that was just starting to hear new evidence against Ruiz Massieu. Some Mexican officials have hinted that in debriefings with the Organized Crime Unit, Carrera has provided incriminating information against not only Ruiz Massieu but also Rafael Salinas and others close to the former president. Rafael Salinas remains in jail in Mexico on charges of ordering the slaying of Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu, and officials in Switzerland said they would soon confiscate more than $132 million that Salinas deposited in banks there, asserting that it came from drug traffickers' bribes.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Jailed Top Mexico Cop Sent To US To Testify ('The Chicago Tribune' Version) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 21:17:49 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US: Jailed Top Mexico Cop Sent To U.S. To Testify Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Pubdate: 15 July 1998 Section: sec. 1, Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Author: Tim Golden JAILED TOP MEXICO COP SENT TO U.S. TO TESTIFY HOUSTON -- After years of blocking U.S. efforts to investigate corruption in their ranks, Mexican law-enforcement officials have allowed the jailed former head of their national police to travel secretly to the United States to testify about drug payoffs at high levels of the Mexican government. In what U.S. officials described as ground-breaking collaboration between the countries, former Police Director Adrian Carrera Fuentes was able to tell a federal grand jury in Houston last month that he collected nearly $2 million in drug bribes in 1993 and 1994 and turned over the money to a former colleague, Mario Ruiz Massieu, according to two officials familiar with the testimony. U.S. investigators said Carrera's account could be long-sought evidence in a frustrating effort to prosecute Ruiz Massieu, who was arrested in New Jersey three years ago, or extradite him to Mexico to face charges there. Mexican officials took the case so seriously that they agreed to let Carrera travel to the United States during an angry dispute over the Clinton administration's failure to alert them to a huge U.S. undercover operation to stop money laundering by Mexican banks. U.S. officials hope the testimony of Carrera and other new witnesses eventually may prompt Ruiz Massieu to testify about allegations of corruption in the inner circle of former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. The discovery of more than $130 million deposited in Swiss banks by Salinas' elder brother, Raul, has led to corruption investigations in Europe, the United States and Mexico. But U.S. officials said Mexico's decision to allow Carrera to testify in Houston probably was most important for the precedent it sets. "This is extremely important to the relationship," said one U.S. law-enforcement official. "When you have as much cross-border crime as we and Mexico have, the ability to share these witnesses is a significant breakthrough for our ability to prosecute." A lawyer for Ruiz Massieu, Cathy Fleming, said Carrera's reported testimony contradicted his previous sworn statements. "If he tells the truth now, Mario will have no problems," she said. The two governments have traded court witnesses and confidential informants many times before. But Carrera is the first witness to reach the United States from the upper ranks of the Mexican government after taking advantage of a new law that modernized that country's justice system by allowing prosecutors to protect cooperative witnesses and plea-bargain with criminals. Carrera, 55, held senior posts in Mexico's prison system and police force during most of the six years Salinas was president. He also worked closely with Ruiz Massieu, who served twice as a deputy attorney general and who, during six months in 1994, supervised federal police and anti-drug operations. Carrera is now serving a four-year prison sentence as part of his plea bargain. In court proceedings this year in Mexico City, he has confirmed much of what U.S. officials long suspected about him. While serving as the warden of the Mexico City prison where he is now being held, Carrera told a Mexican court, he met several major drug traffickers as inmates. Shortly after he took over as a commander in the Federal Judicial Police, one inmate, Amado Carrillo Fuentes, had been released and summoned him to a safehouse in a stylish Mexico City neighborhood. According to a summary of Carrera's testimony reported in the Mexico City newspaper Reforma, "He asked whether he would be given protection to continue in his drug-trafficking activities. Adrian Carrera told the trafficker he would dispatch police agents to guard him and he promised not to persecute him." Carrera said he met Carrillo again in 1993 and repeated that he would not bother him in Mexico City. The trafficker handed Carrera an attache case containing more than $300,000 in cash and shouted to one of his lieutenants to buy the police official a new Cadillac -- "the most luxurious one there was." Carrera also was quoted as saying he earned a commission of $1,500 for every kilogram of cocaine he allowed to move freely to the U.S. through Mexico. If true, that account would underscore how payoffs to Mexican officials exploded in the early 1990s.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Act On Drug Report, Urges PDA's Wilson (According To 'The Province' In Vancouver, British Columbia, The Leader Of The Progressive Democratic Alliance, Gordon Wilson, Told The Legislature Yesterday That The Number Of Heroin-Related Deaths Was Heading To An All-Time High In BC, And Urged The Government To Do Something About The Report Of Former Chief Coroner Vince Cain, Who Called For A Program That Would Decriminalize Heroin For Known Addicts) From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: "MN" (email@example.com) Subject: MN: Canada: Act On Drug Report, Urges Pda's Wilson Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 21:39:09 -0500 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Herb Pubdate: Wednesday, July 15,1998 Source: The Province (Vancouver, B.C.) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.vancouverprovince.com/newsite/news-c.html Author: Barbara McLintock ACT ON DRUG REPORT, URGES PDA'S WILSON The number of deaths from drug overdoses is heading to an all-time high in B.C., says the leader of the Progressive Democratic Alliance. Gordon Wilson told the legislature yesterday drug overdoses have taken the lives of 201 people this year - more than one a day. He urged the government to do something about the report of former chief coroner Vince Cain, who called for a program that would decriminalize heroin for known addicts.He also urged that drug addiction be treated as a medical and rehabilitation problem, not a law enforcement one. Attorney-General Ujjal Dosanjh said he agreed some drugs could be available "under controlled circumstances" but only on a national scale and, he said, Ottawa has not picked up the ball. B.C. recorded 331 deaths from drug overdoses in 1993.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Battle 'Dial-A-Doper' Trend (According To 'The Edmonton Sun,' Edmonton, Alberta Police Say That Over The Last 18 Months, Illegal Drug Sellers Using Cell Phones And Pagers Have Proliferated, With Many Dealers On The Road Constantly, Making Deliveries) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: POLICE BATTLE 'DIAL-A-DOPER' TREND Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 09:47:15 -0700 Lines: 35 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Edmonton Sun Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: July 15, 1998 POLICE BATTLE 'DIAL-A-DOPER' TREND By JEREMY LOOME -- Staff Writer Mobile dope dealers are driving city cops to distraction and in one neighborhood their customers are just as unpopular. Police said over the last 18 months the so-called dial-a-doper business has mushroomed, with many dealers on the road constantly, using a cell phone or pager to arrange deliveries. They're mobile and for the most part the profile is young adults or youths," said Sgt. Bryan Boulanger. Along 107, 111 and 118 avenues, certain pay phones are known drop-off spots, said Gordon Stamp of the Alberta Avenue Business Association. He wants Telus to yank them. Telus would weigh any such request seriously, said spokesman Jeff Welke, as long as it came in an official form. Police are wary of backing such a move because many residents can't afford a phone. The most recent bust of an alleged "dial-a-doper" was July 9 when two were contacted by cell phone, say police, and sold an undercover agent 5.5 grams of cocaine for $470. Johnson Yiu, 34, and Taira Yvonne Ladouceur, 18, are charged with trafficking.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Punishment Must Fit Crime (A Staff Editorial In The Irish 'Examiner' Contrasts The Six-Year Prison Sentence Of An English Dealer Who Attempted To Set Up A Heroin Network In Dublin With The Nine-Year Term Handed Down Recently To A Woman Addict Who Stole A Handbag, Unaware It Contained £10,000 In Cash And Jewellery, And Seems To Endorse The Government's Proposed 10-Year Mandatory Minimum For Anyone Possessing More Than £10,000 Worth Of 'Drugs') Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 01:07:32 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Ireland: OPED: Punishment Must Fit Crime Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Source: The Examiner (Ireland) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 PUNISHMENT MUST FIT CRIME FOR the third time in as many weeks, concern has been raised over the disparity of sentencing within the judicial system. Garda frustration and disappointment, as an English drug dealer received only six years in jail for attempting to set up a heroin network in Dublin, is perfectly understandable. The leniency of this sentence contrasts sharply with the nine-year term handed down recently to a female drug addict who stole a handbag, unaware it contained £10,000 in cash and jewellery. There is something wrong with a system which can impose a far harsher prison term on an habitual thief than on a dealer who had £50,000 worth of heroin in his possession. That a person preying on unfortunate addicts in society, peddling in a death-dealing drug, should get off so lightly, in view of the Government's mandatory proposal for a minimum 10-year jail sentence for possession of £10,000 worth of drugs, is a cause for considerable public concern.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Three Dutch Marines Arrested As Drug Smugglers (The New York Times News Service Says The Three Tried To Smuggle 700 Pounds Of Cocaine Into The Netherlands Aboard A Military Plane That Was Normally Used In The Anti-Drug Campaign In The Dutch Antilles, The Islands Off The Venezuelan Coast) Date: Thu, 16 Jul 1998 13:54:40 -0400 To: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) Subject: MN: Netherlands: Wire: 3 Dutch Marines Arrested As Drug Smugglers Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Marcus-Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 Source: New York Times News Service 3 DUTCH MARINES ARRESTED AS DRUG SMUGGLERS THE HAGUE, Netherlands -- Three Dutch marines involved in drug-control efforts in the Caribbean have been arrested in connection with the smuggling of close to 700 pounds of cocaine to the Netherlands. The drugs were carried on a military plane that was normally used in the anti-drug campaign in the Dutch Antilles, the islands off the Venezuelan coast. Although the Dutch are known for their lenient policy toward soft drugs, the discovery of the smuggling, which involved hard drugs that are strictly outlawed, has infuriated the government. According to government investigators, the marines apparently were acting as couriers for civilian drug smugglers based in South America and the Netherlands. They could apparently carry their goods with ease, because there is little customs control over military forces on the Dutch island of Curacao, their point of departure, or on the military air base in the Netherlands that was their destination. The discovery of the smuggling route is an embarrassment for the Dutch government, which is expecting an official visit from Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the American drugs policy adviser, on Thursday. That visit has itself stirred anger in the government. Although the general is ostensibly coming here to observe how the Dutch and other European countries cope with drug use, before his arrival he condemned the Dutch drug policy in an interview as ``an unmitigated disaster.'' So far, three marines and 11 civilians have been arrested in the last few days in connection with the smuggling. Government investigators apparently had been watching the network since March before they intercepted a load of cocaine as marines brought it off the plane in bags in the Netherlands. Another 100 pounds of cocaine were found in the home of a Dutch sergeant major living in Curacao. The minister of defense said the behavior of the marines was ``scandalous.'' He said that ``military who deal in drugs are fired.'' One of the arrested men served aboard the Dutch frigate, Pieter Florisz, a ship that patrols the Caribbean around the Antilles in order to intercept drug smuggling and coordinate with similar American efforts. Investigators said that they were struck by the casual and easy way the couriers could operate: They simply carried military canvas bags holding the drugs on to the plane they were taking from Curacao back to the Netherlands or asked colleagues to take an extra bag for them. At one point, one of the three men, the sergeant major, found that he had too large a load to send on the plane, so he casually took the remainder home, according to investigators who found about 100 pounds in the man's home in Curacao. Investigators said the military men had little idea where the drugs were bought or where they would end up because they carried the drugs for an organization of ``big guys'' based in Amsterdam. A spokesman for the Dutch navy said that he could not be certain that military aircraft or vessels had never been used before for drug smuggling and that professional drug syndicates that operate in the Caribbean ``inevitably pose a risk.'' From now on, he said, all military luggage will be closely inspected.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 55 (Summary Of Drug Policy News For Activists, Including A Feature Article By Dr. Tod H. Mikuriya, 'Drug Wars - Menace To America,' Part One Of Three, And This Week's Drug War 'Fact Of The Week' - European Incarceration Rates Are Below 100 Per 100,000 - In The United States, The Incarceration Rate For African-Americans Is 4,000 Per 100,000) Date: Wed, 15 Jul 1998 11:58:56 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly, July 15, 1998 No. 055 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly July 15, 1998 No. 055 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article Drug wars: Menace to America by Tod Mikuriya, M.D. * Weekly News In Review Policy- U.S. Starts Paid Ad Campaign Against Drugs Column - President to kids: Don't inhale either Taking Stock On The War On Drugs Who's winning this war?- Millions More For Drug War County Can't Build Its Way Out Of Jail-Crowding Problem Drug War Requires Multiple Strategy, Report States State Drug Agent Held; Suspected in Cocaine Case Doublecross: U.S. Customs Embarrassed by Smuggling Informant Can anybody tell us what victory means in this longest war? Medical Marijuana- Feds seek to close 3 pot clubs Marijuana Measure Will Be On Ballot Rurals Control Medical Marijuana Proposal International News- Scotland - Jail Suicide Toll Forces Sentencing Shake-Up Australia - Heroin Users Are Younger Canada - Losing The Drug War High Cost of Bribes Forces Mexican Pot Growers Across Border Sweden - Wire - Drug Czar Bashes Dutch Policy on Eve of Visit * Hot Off The 'Net "Breaking News Stories" now available On-Line * DrugSense Tip Of The Week "Drug War Facts" collection * Quote of the Week P.J. O'Rourke * Fact of the Week **NEW** Incarceration Rates *** FEATURE ARTICLE Drug wars: Menace to America by Tod Mikuriya, M.D. Part One of Three The escalating, increasingly desperate authoritarian efforts to stem the rising tide of lawlessness caused by drug prohibition are held in check only by the limitations of budgets. These measures have failed by any standards. Worse, the side effects harm the community through the overloading of the enforcement/corrections, social, and health services resources. Individuals and society are victimized directly and indirectly by these harmful social policies. At the core are ignorance and denial that afflict policy makers at all levels of government and society. Denial takes many forms... from the economic - the usual free market mercantilists who fail to include these commodities in their spreadsheets and ignore these market forces. to the fundamentalist religious who shut out the facts with moralistic homilies. Authoritarian public officials facilitate these policies. In this tricentennial of the Salem witch trials, we are in the grip of another attack of the "American disease": Prohibition. The War on Drugs. This collective moralistic delusion is seemingly unique in western civilization. Over a century ago America went through a painful fifty year civil war on drugs that culminated in prohibition of alcohol from 1919 to 1933. The contemporary "War on Drugs" is even nastier and more intrusive than Prohibition. Additional evils include: 1. International piracy 2. International kidnapping 3. Mining of harbors 4. Poisoning of forests with herbicides 5. Destabilization of Columbia, Peru, Panama, and Nicaragua 6. Funding anti-government terrorism 7. Iran-Contra Scandal 8. BCCI Scandal 9. Punishment of the user 10. Drug testing - divination of status and freedom by urine tests for illegal metabolites 11. Confiscation of property- civil forfeiture criminal abuse of civil law 12. Default vigilantism of neighbors forced into using small claims court 13. Funding of police operations with proceeds from seized property 14. Entrapment with police offering to buy drugs 15. Entrapment with police offering to sell drugs 16. Entrapment with police manufacturing drugs. 17. Encouraging children to turn parents in to police for drug involvement 18. Taking babies away from mothers who test positive for drugs 19. No-knock entry and other civil rights attenuation 20. Driver's license suspension for unrelated drug crimes 21. Expulsion from public housing 22. Exclusion from Medicare and Medicaid 23. adverse drug reactions from depriving of safer medicinal cannabis 24. Dumbing down of medical research 25. Degradation of physician patient trust 26. Stigmatizing, marginalizing, and alienating users 27. Warrantless systematic searches on public transportation 28. Mandatory minimum sentences derived from irrational formulae 29. Class and racial inequality in application of laws 30. Overcrowding jails, prisons, and probation 31. Surveillance of chemical and laboratory apparatus transactions 32. Reporting of cash transactions over $9,999 33. Confiscation of growing lights 34. Seizure of mailing lists from growing supplies stores 35. Setting up growing supplies stores to solicit and entrap cannabis growers. 36. Obtaining public utility records to target potential cannabis growers. 37. Militarization at state and federal levels- "Posse Comitatus" 38. Downgrading evidence requirements to "good faith" from probable cause. 39. Depriving students of federal loans and grants. The corruption, violence, and divisive consequences appear to be lessons that we have forgotten today as social policy mistakes are repeated.. 1. The bribing of police, prosecutors, attorneys, and judges 2. Capitalization of crime by a black marketplace: drugs for guns. 3. Subversion of International Law 4. Funding firearms for the young 5. Murder and mayhem facilitated 6. Materialism and alienation 7. Destruction of families 8. Abuse of children- robbed of childhood and trust 9. Building prisons instead of schools 10. Diversion of managerial energy and decrease in morale At the local level there is little more that can be done that can be paid for by the public. Vigilante activities while commendable in their initiative have great potential for abuse. All pretext to due process and civil liberties are then hopelessly abandoned to the mob. Structural emblematic efforts like school uniforms, anti drug rallies, and exhortations by public figures are feelgood exercises- Like inveighing against Satan. All the while we do battle with the enemy- us. The exercises in group think are not unlike the two minutes of hate rallies depicted in Orwell's 1984. Unlike the centrally controlled hermetic authoritarian state such efforts are ineffectual. In the torrent of advertisements to self medicate anti-drug appeals are ineffectual or ironically humorous. The ignoring of the reasons and etiologies of the reasons for the involvement in illicit drugs will delay the solving the problems attached to a situation is bad and getting worse. Advertising of drugs rather than censored by government should be from self-discipline by the industry. Removal of the exemption from product liability laws for alcohol and tobacco would insure self discipline in advertising. Kindergarten though 12th grade curriculum addition of critical thinking and psychophysical education would diminish vulnerability to manipulation. Institutionalized or socialized use behavior will minimize abusive use. The concept of the "designated driver" is exemplary of the kind of custom that facilitates alcohol risk management. To avoid disruption of jobs and bureaucratic hegemony redeploy the DEA to control chemical and biological warfare.to protect the health and safety of society. Adding agents under their control that are truly a threat to society, they would transfer responsibility to the Surgeon general for psychoactive drugs used medically or socially. Editors Note Parts 2 and 3 of Dr will follow in subsequent issues of the DrugSense Weekly *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** Domestic News- Policy *** COMMENT: For two months in a row, a drug warrior initiative has given us an opportunity to highlight the existence of organized opposition to official policy Nearly every news account of the administration's ad campaign included a demurrer on its effectiveness from a reform spokesperson. Beyond our skeptical comments in print media, the reform message aired when the ad campaign was discussed on TV in confrontational programs featuring "Drug Crazy" author Mike Gray vs McCaffrey (CNN-Talkback Live) and Ethan Nadelmann of Lindesmith Center vs Robert Novak & Senator John Ashcroft on Crossfire. *** U.S. STARTS PAID AD CAMPAIGN AGAINST DRUGS The White House's drug policy agency will introduce its first paid national advertising Thursday as part of its fight against drug use among adolescents. President Clinton will join Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, in Atlanta to introduce the campaign, the largest government-financed social marketing effort to date. It will have an initial budget of $195 million, appropriated by Congress, and will involve television, radio, print, billboards and interactive media. [snip] Ethan Nadelmann, director of the Lindesmith Center in New York, a drug policy research organization that is part of the Open Society Institute sponsored by financier George Soros, said: "For the past years, our nation's kids have been bombarded with anti-drug messages, and it is these same kids who are experimenting with more drugs. [snip] Source: New York Times Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 9 Jul 1998 Author: Courtney Kane URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n539.a06.html *** PRESIDENT TO KIDS: DON'T INHALE EITHER PRESIDENT CLINTON launched his $2 billion anti-drug campaign on Thursday and, like most things he does, it was all media hype. He even said so. That's what Clinton calls the five-year program -- the "Anti-Drug Media Campaign," as if all problems can be solved with the right spin in the right ads. It's the thoroughly modern non-answer to a problem by the thoroughly modern politician. [snip] "We can see evidence that ads can sell things," said Kendra E. Wright, head of a Beltway drug policy outfit called Family Watch, "But we have no evidence that they can unsell things." Yes, but ads can be so good at selling voters on the idea that you're doing something positive for America's children. [snip] Source: San Francisco Examiner Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: 10 Jul 1998 Author: Rob Morse, Examiner Columnist URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n548.a09.html *** TAKING STOCK ON THE WAR ON DRUGS (excerpt from Part 3) BATTISTA: (Bonnie Battista, moderator) All right, Darryl, thanks very much. General, I'm just curious as to whether we're spitting in the wind to some degree. Is it possible for us to have a drug-free America? MCCAFFREY (Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey); No. But on the other hand, in 1979, 14 percent of the country were using drugs. Today, it's 6 percent. We're sure we can cut it by half. We do have something at stake. You know, your caller is quite correct. Most of us don't use drugs. Fourteen million Americans do and they're causing 16,000 dead a year and what we say is $110 billion in damages, so he and I and you, we've all got something at stake and someone else's child who's dead from a drug overdose. BATTISTA; Mike Gray, do you agree with that, that it's not possible to have a drug-free America? GRAY (Mike Gray, author of "Drug Crazy); "We've been at it now for 80 years, and we've made the problem steadily worse year by year. And while General McCaffrey says that since 1980 we've cut casual marijuana and cocaine use by half. That's true, but look what we gave up in return. Prior to 1980 we had never even heard of crack cocaine. We had not heard of - the chief of police of Omaha tells us that in 1985 the Crips came out from Los Angeles and discovered this fertile market there in Omaha. A few months latter the Bloods discovered it and all of the sudden they have gang warfare and crack in Omaha. I don't consider that a success. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 09 Jul 1998 Source: CNN Contact 1: email@example.com Contact 2: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.cnn.com/ Note: Talkback Live - Aired July 9, 1998 - 3: 00 p.m. ET URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n541.a10.html (Pt1) URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n541.a11.html (Pt2) URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n542.a01.html (Pt3) *** Who's winning this war anyway? *** COMMENT: Recently, both Clinton and McCaffrey made the astounding claim that the drug is being won. As evidence, they cited (without specific reference) that "drug use" was cut in half between 1979 and 1992. Last week the claim was again made publicly, by McCaffrey in Atlanta (CNN excerpt, above), and the President in his Saturday AM radio broadcast. His claim is followed by a series of items from last week's news which suggest that, to put it delicately, he and the czar are both full of beans. *** MILLIONS MORE FOR DRUG WAR: Clinton Wants Expansion Of Special Court System WASHINGTON -- President Clinton, urging Americans not to become complacent over dramatic declines in drug use over the last decade, continued to build his anti-drug message Saturday, announcing $32 million in federal grants to expand drug courts and curb a disturbing uptick in methamphetamine use. [snip] "Today there are 50 percent fewer Americans using drugs than just 15 years ago," Clinton said in his weekly radio address. But he added, "There is no greater threat to our families and communities than the abuse of illegal drugs." [snip] Pubdate: Sun, 12 Jul 1998 Source: Sacramento Bee Contact: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html Website: http://www.sacbee.com/ Author: David Westphal and Michael Doyle Bee Washington Bureau URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n558.a01.html *** COUNTY CAN'T BUILD ITS WAY OUT OF JAIL-CROWDING PROBLEM The proposed steep increase in the Milwaukee County House of Correction budget for next year ought to be no surprise. After all, when you expand jail space, you expand jail costs. The addition of 1,000 beds to the house requires an addition to the number of guards and other staffers. Hence, the institution's request for an extra $9 million in property tax funds. [snip] Source: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.jsonline.com/ Pubdate: 9 Jul 1998 Fax: ( 414) 224-8280 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n540.a03.html *** DRUG WAR REQUIRES MULTIPLE STRATEGY, REPORT STATES WASHINGTON -- The use of methamphetamines is rising dramatically in the Western United States, the Justice Department reported Saturday in an extensive new study that also shows America's crack-cocaine epidemic appears to have peaked. [snip] Source: Contra Costa Times ( CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.hotcoco.com/index.htm Pubdate: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 Author: Edwin Chen, Los Angeles Times URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n555.a06.html *** STATE DRUG AGENT HELD; SUSPECTED IN COCAINE CASE Court: Official worked in Riverside office where 415 kilos of the Drug vanished. He is charged with possession and conspiracy to distribute. What began as a routine drug bust by the FBI last week has led to the arrest of a veteran agent of the state Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement, himself accused of cocaine trafficking. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 7 Jul 1998 Source: Los Angeles Times Contact: email@example.com Fax: 213-237-4712 Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Author: David Rosenzweig URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n534.a10.html *** DOUBLECROSS: U.S. CUSTOMS EMBARRASSED BY SMUGGLING INFORMANT SAM DONALDSON, ABC NEWS - Last month, President Clinton called for cooperation among nations in the fight against drugs. But what if the people who are supposed to be keeping drugs out of the United States instead are putting the government smack in the middle of dealing drugs? Tonight, a six-month PrimeTime investigation reveals how agents of the US Customs Service turned a pot smuggler into a big-time cocaine kingpin and then turned a blind eye while he poured billions of dollars of cocaine on to the streets of America. Tonight, Forrest Sawyer talks to Rodney Matthews, a smuggler turned top informant who became one of the biggest embarrassments in US Customs history. FORREST SAWYER, ABC NEWS (voiceover) New Year's Eve, 1988. When Rodney Matthews touched down at his private airstrip in Damon, Texas, hauling a ton of pure cocaine, he wasn't working alone. RODNEY MATTHEWS Yes. By all means, I'm a drug smuggler. The government authorized me to smuggle. And the government paid me to smuggle. [snip] Source: ABC News - Primetime Transcript: Produced by Federal Document Clearing House Contact: http://www.abcnews.com/onair/email.html Website: http://www.abcnews.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 8 Jul 1998 Note: This is an unedited, uncorrected transcript. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n546.a05.html *** CAN ANYBODY TELL US WHAT VICTORY MEANS IN THIS LONGEST WAR? July 12 - One should be suspicious, I suppose, whenever there is agreement between Newton Leroy Gingrich, Republican speaker of the House of Representatives, and William Jefferson Clinton, Democratic president of the United States of America. They joined for a trip to Atlanta last week to announce yet another phase of the War on Drugs, this time a propaganda campaign. Meanwhile, various military campaigns are in full operation, including chemical warfare - herbicide bombs for farms in South America - and more traditional means, such as the deployment of infantry along the southern border to kill sheep herders. [snip] If this sounds unlikely, consider that many currently controlled substances were once staples of legitimate commerce: The Founding Fathers grew hemp; heroin was developed and marketed by the same Bayer company that produced aspirin; cocaine was sold over the counter at dispensaries operated by mining companies in Colorado a century ago; amphetamines were dispensed by our own military to keep soldiers alert. We citizens who get requisitioned to support this War on Drugs ought to ask "What constitutes victory?'' before even more billions are spent. [snip] Source: Denver Post ( CO) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.denverpost.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 12 July 1998 Author: Ed Quillen URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n558.a04.html *** Medical Marijuana *** COMMENT: Some rare good news from California: the Oakland City Council voted a generous patients' allowance; the bad news is the feds are trying to shut down the Oakland distribution center along with two others. Good news from Oregon: their initiative qualified easily. A cliff hanger in Nevada, because sparsely populated rural counties have disproportionate representation. Stay tuned. *** FEDS SEEK TO CLOSE 3 POT CLUBS Oakland adopts lenient marijuana policy OAKLAND -- The same day local officials approved the state's most lenient policy on medical marijuana, the Clinton administration stepped up efforts to close the Oakland Cannabis Buyers Cooperative and two other clubs. Federal officials filed a motion Tuesday with U.S. District Court Judge Charles Breyer asking that the U.S. Marshal be authorized to immediately shut down medicinal cannabis clubs in Oakland and in Marin and Mendocino counties. [snip] Source: Oakland Tribune Contact: email@example.com Pubdate: Thu, 09 Jul 1998 Author: Kathleen Kirkwood, Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n540.a12.html *** MARIJUANA MEASURE WILL BE ON BALLOT SALEM - A proposal to allow medicinal use of marijuana in Oregon has made it onto the Nov. 3 ballot, but one that would have asked voters to restrict abortions failed to qualify, state elections officials said Friday. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 11 Jul 1998 Source: Register-Guard, The (OR) Section: Front Page Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Author: Harry Esteve Website: http://www.registerguard.com/ *** RURALS CONTROL MEDICAL MARIJUANA PROPOSAL CARSON CITY ( AP) - A medical marijuana proposal is struggling because of a state law that gives more political power to rural Nevadans than Las Vegas-or Reno-area residents. The law dating to the 1950s has resulted in a requirement this year for 46,764 signatures on any proposal to qualify for the November ballot - and the medical marijuana plan's advocates collected 74,466 names. However, the law mandates that the signatures must come from at least 13 of the state's 17 counties, and at least 10 percent of the voters in each of those counties must sign. [snip] Source: Las Vegas Sun ( NV) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.lasvegassun.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n547.a05.html *** International News *** COMMENT: A survey of overseas drug news reveals a monotonous repetition of the same policy failures reported in domestic media. As this is written McC has just started a European junket with his foot planted firmly in his mouth. I'm looking forward to next week's newsletter already. *** JAIL SUICIDE TOLL FORCES SENTENCING SHAKE-UP UKP1.1m initiative announced after deaths of five inmates in ten days THE Government yesterday launched a UKP1.1 million initiative to tackle Scotland's spiraling jail suicide rate following the worst spate of deaths in the prison service's history. New measures to identify and help prisoners at risk of killing themselves were announced yesterday by the Scottish home affairs minister, Henry McLeish, after the deaths of five inmates in ten days. [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 10 Jul 1998 Source: Scotsman ( UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Author: Alastair Dalton URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n548.a06.html *** HEROIN USERS ARE YOUNGER: SURVEY Heroin use is increasing in Melbourne, with a new study showing an alarming trend for users to be younger and female. The Victorian Drug Trends 1997 report, the most comprehensive assessment of illicit drug use in the state, reveals that heroin may no longer be regarded as a ``hard drug'' by the drug community. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 6 Jul 1998 Source: Age, The ( Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theage.com.au/ Author: Mary-Anne Toy URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n531.a09.html *** LOSING THE DRUG WAR CRIMINALIZED USERS ARE DEHUMANIZED WHILE WEALTHY DEALERS TAKE SMARMY REFUGE Gil Puder has waged the war on drugs and seen its failure and attendant propaganda for what it is. For Puder, it's impossible to ignore - he's a Vancouver police constable on the un-winnable conflict's frontline. The trophies showcased by narcotics officers - their drug seizures - are astutely identified by Puder as flags of failure. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 6 Jul 1998 Source: Age, The ( Australia) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.theage.com.au/ Author: Mary-Anne Toy URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n531.a09.html *** HIGH COST OF BRIBES FORCES MEXICAN POT GROWERS ACROSS BORDER BOISE - In Mexico, the price of growing marijuana is known as ``el mordido'' - ``the bite.'' The term refers to bribes that growers must pay local police to stay in business. In prosecuting the largest marijuana case in Idaho's history, Assistant U.S. Attorney Kim Lindquist said escalating bribe fees in Mexico inspired growers to cross the border and set up growing areas in Idaho. The growers, nearly all undocumented immigrants from Florencia, Mexico, confessed that they moved their operations into Idaho to avoid paying the $1,000 per 100 plants Mexican authorities demand, Lindquist said. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 09 Jul 1998 Source: The Salt Lake Tribune Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sltrib.co Author: Steve Steubner Special To The Tribune URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n539.a08.html *** U.S. DRUG CZAR BASHES DUTCH POLICY ON EVE OF VISIT STOCKHOLM, July 13 ( Reuters) - A top U.S. policy official attacked tolerant Dutch drugs laws on Monday, blaming them for much higher rates of murder and other crime than in the United States. ``The murder rate in Holland is double that in the United States. The per capita crime rates are much higher than the United States,'' General Barry McCaffrey, the White House drugs policy chief, told a press briefing in Stockholm. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 13 Jul 1998 Source: Reuters Author: Abigail Schmelz URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n560.a02.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET *** Both the DrugSense and MAP web pages have been updated and now include a "Breaking Stories" feature which will provide you with the hottest important news items related to drug topics. Check it out. Stay aware and informed and write a letter while the "ink is still wet." See: http://www.drugsense.org/ -OR- http://www.mapinc.org/ *** TIP OF THE WEEK *** "Drug War Facts" On-Line Some of the oldest and most inaccurate myths of the drug war have been dispelled in the new publication "Drug War Facts" compiled by Kendra E. Wright and Paul M. Lewin of Common Sense for Drug Policy for the Drug Policy Information Service. "Drug War Facts" is now available on the DrugSense web page. There is both a link to the entire collection and a different handy fact is displayed on the home page each time you visit. This extensively researched collection, replete with numerous citations and references, is designed to help make us all more authoritative and knowledgeable. Please become familiar with the topics covered and use this valuable tool often. It will be updated regularly. We were so impressed with this work that we have added a new feature to the DrugSense Weekly which will highlight one important fact complete with citations each week from now on. See: http://www.drugsense.org/ -OR- http://www.drugsense.org/factbook.htm *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK *** `Giving money and power to government is like giving whiskey and car keys to teenage boys' - P.J. O'Rourke - *** FACT OF THE WEEK From Drug War Facts, http://www.drugsense.org/factbook.htm European incarceration rates are below 100 per 100,000. In the United States, the incarceration rate for African-Americans is 4,000 per 100,000. Source: Currie, E. Crime and punishment in America. (1998). New York, NY: Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, Inc. *** IMPORTANT NOTES: DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (email@example.com) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (firstname.lastname@example.org) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to email@example.com PLEASE HELP: DrugSense provides this service at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort please Make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc. d/b/a DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
The articles posted here are generally copyrighted by the source publications. They are reproduced here for educational purposes under the Fair Use Doctrine (17 U.S.C., section 107). NORML is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit educational organization. The views of the authors and/or source publications are not necessarily those of NORML. The articles and information included here are not for sale or resale.
Comments, questions and suggestions.Reporters and researchers are welcome at the world's largest online library of drug-policy information, sponsored by the Drug Reform Coordination Network at: http://www.druglibrary.org/
Next day's news
Previous day's news
to 1998 Daily News index for July 9-15
to Portland NORML news archive directory
to 1998 Daily News index (long)
This URL: http://www.pdxnorml.org/980715.html