------------------------------------------------------------------- Police Disperse Protesters On MLK ('The Oregonian' Says Portland Police Fired Shotguns At African-Americans Who Tried To Assemble Peaceably On Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard In A Protest Against Police Who Broke Up An Earlier Black Community Celebration At Sellwood Park In The Name Of Fighting Drug 'Gangs')The Oregonian letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Police disperse protesters on MLK * The crowd consists of people protesting earlier action that canceled a community party Tuesday, August 18 1998 By Peter Farrell of The Oregonian staff Police closed parts of Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and ordered a crowd of protesters off the street Monday night after people objecting to the cancellation of a community party gathered near the home of Police Chief Charles A. Moose. No injuries were reported, but police did make some arrests. Daniel Binns, a well-known figure in Northeast Portland, had invited about 2,000 people to his party Sunday at Sellwood Park. Police, saying many of the people likely to come to the party were involved in gangs, ordered Sellwood Park closed. Binns and his family led the Monday night protest of the police crackdown. Binns, who has said he has not been involved in crime in more than five years, was later taken into custody, although the accusations against him were not immediately known. Several in the crowd said they were not simply supporting Binns but protesting police treatment in general. "When we want to get together and do something right, they won't let us," said John Wayne. Demetreas Wattier, 23, a Portland State University student, said, "It seems like every time we try to do something, they are always pushing it down." Some in the group said they were not allowed to file a formal protest at Northeast Precinct, so they went to King Boulevard and Northeast Going Street, near where Moose lives, with their grievance. Moose apparently was not at home. Yvonne Richmond, who is Daniel Binns' sister, said an officer at Northeast Precinct refused to provide her with a complaint form about police conduct. Cmdr. Derrick Foxworth, in charge of Northeast Precinct, stood in the middle of the boulevard and ordered about 100 people to disperse. He ordered them to use Going Street, and when some of the crowd instead went south on King Boulevard, helmeted officers fired what are called less-lethal shotguns about three times. At least one person said he was struck, although officers said they did not think anyone had been injured.
------------------------------------------------------------------- MBA-Toting Cocaine Dealer Sentenced To Prison ('The Associated Press' Says Michael F. Hipps, Dealer To Portland's Upper Crust, Was Sentenced Monday To 16 Months In Prison - David B. Peters, A Former Multnomah County Deputy District Attorney, Was The Only One Prosecuted Among Those Named In Hipps' Address Books, But So Far 11 Others Involved In Distributing The Cocaine Have Been Prosecuted - The Man Who Sold Hipps The Business Allegedly Told Him He Had Been Paying Police For Protection And Hipps Would Have To Do The Same) Associated Press found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/ feedback (letters to the editor): email@example.com The Associated Press 8/18/98 6:07 PM PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- A management consultant who made cocaine deals in a grocery store parking lot in the city's fashionable West Hills has been sentenced to 16 months in prison. Michael F. Hipps' clientele included "Portland's upper crust," police said when they arrested him last June. Hipps, 48, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to deliver and possess significant quantities of cocaine. In exchange, prosecutors dropped 10 counts of drug delivery and possession. "I was caught up in the drug culture and developed an addiction to cocaine," Hipps said in a letter Monday to Multnomah County Circuit Judge Julie Frantz. "There is no excuse for what I did, but I truly am sorry." A black book found in Hipps' home last June contained names "in the medical profession" and people who worked out at the private Multnomah Athletic Club, police said. But it appeared that David B. Peters, a former Multnomah County deputy district attorney, was the only one prosecuted among those named in the address books. Peters pleaded guilty to a violation and was fined $100. However, based on Hipps' cooperation, a Washington County couple was sent to jail for supplying him with drugs. And a federal grand jury last month indicted a California couple who allegedly sold Hipps his drug business. Adam Wylie, 33, was sentenced last month to 13 months in prison for running Hipps' cocaine business while Hipps was out of town. And two men who bought drugs police had Wylie under surveillance completed drug diversion and had the charges removed from their records. So far, at least 11 people, including Hipps, have been prosecuted. Hipps, who has a master's in business administration, allegedly purchased his cocaine business in late 1994 from Wayne David Oppenheimer, 36, according to a federal indictment handed down July 15. The indictment states that Oppenheimer was a street-level cocaine dealer in Portland from the mid-1980s until 1994. He allegedly sold his the drug business to Hipps before moving to Napa, Calif., and later schemed to rip him off. Oppenheimer allegedly told Hipps he had been paying police for protection and Hipps would have to do the same. But Oppenheimer kept the $27,000 Hipps gave him for police payoffs, and extorted another $28,500 from Hipps in "summer bonuses" and hush money, the indictment said. The indictment also charges Oppenheimer's wife, Pamela Cosper Oppenheimer, and Archie Lanning Blanks Jr., 41, a Portland resident, with helping Oppenheimer to execute the bogus payoff scheme. (c)1998 Oregon Live LLC Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cocaine Dealer To Upscale Portlanders Gets Prison ('The Oregonian' Version Doesn't Say Why Or By Whom The Allegation About Payoffs To Portland Police Was Deemed False) The Oregonian letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Cocaine dealer to upscale Portlanders gets prison * A judge sentences Michael F. Hipps to 16 months as authorities continue their investigation of the case Tuesday, August 18 1998 By David R. Anderson and Ashbel S. Green of The Oregonian staff A West Hills cocaine dealer who sold drugs to affluent customers was sentenced Monday to 16 months in prison. Michael F. Hipps, 48, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to deliver and possess significant quantities of cocaine. In exchange, prosecutors dropped 10 counts of drug delivery and possession against Hipps. Although authorities have been reluctant to say how much Hipps has cooperated, documents show that he led police to his suppliers. "I fully cooperated with the police and provided them with significant information," Hipps wrote in a letter Monday to Multnomah County Circuit Judge Julie Frantz. Based on his cooperation, police arrested a Washington County couple who pleaded guilty earlier this year to supplying Hipps with drugs. And a federal grand jury has indicted a California couple who allegedly sold Hipps the drug business and later extorted money from him. So far, at least 11 people, including Hipps, have been prosecuted. But apparently only David B. Peters, a former Multnomah County deputy district attorney, was a customer whose name police got from address books Hipps kept on his clients. Peters pleaded guilty Nov. 24 to a violation and was fined $100. He was forced to resign from the district attorney's office and now works as a defense attorney. Associates sentenced Adam Wylie, 33, was sentenced last month to 13 months in prison for running Hipps' cocaine business while Hipps was out of town. Wylie and Hipps pleaded guilty in December to conspiracy to distribute and possess cocaine. Shawnee Rain Arbogast and Fidel Adolfo Cortez-Hernandez, both 26, pleaded guilty to drug charges in Washington County Circuit Court. They supplied cocaine to Hipps, said Don Rees, a Multnomah County deputy district attorney. Arbogast was sentenced to five years' probation in March, and Cortez-Hernandez was sentenced to 22 months in prison in January. Another associate of the two, Alvaro Honorio Solano-Cortez, pleaded guilty in May to distribution of a controlled substance and was sentenced to 90 days in jail. Hipps allegedly bought his cocaine business in late 1994 from Wayne David Oppenheimer, 36, according to a federal indictment handed down July 15. The indictment states that Oppenheimer was a street-level cocaine dealer in Portland from the mid-1980s until 1994. He later moved to Napa, Calif. The indictment did not specify how much Hipps paid for the cocaine but said he paid for it with drug profits. Even after allegedly selling the business to Hipps, Oppenheimer continued acting as a middleman for a few months, buying cocaine from his source and selling it to Hipps, the indictment says. Conspiracy for ripoff But Oppenheimer also planned to rip off Hipps, according to the indictment. He told Hipps that he had been paying off Portland law enforcement officials for protection and that Hipps would have to do the same. But Oppenheimer's claim was false, and the money -- 54 money orders totaling $27,000 -- instead went to him, according to the indictment. Oppenheimer also extorted another $28,500 from Hipps in "summer bonuses" and hush money, the indictment said. The indictment also charges Oppenheimer's wife, Pamela Cosper Oppenheimer, and Archie Lanning Blanks Jr., 41, a Portland resident, with helping Oppenheimer to execute the bogus payoff scheme. The 31-count indictment includes one count of conspiracy, 14 counts of mail fraud, 13 counts of money laundering, one count of conspiracy to distribute and possess cocaine with intent to distribute it, and two counts of criminal forfeiture. The Oppenheimers face all 31 charges. Blanks faces conspiracy, mail fraud and money laundering charges. In addition, Portland police arrested two men who bought drugs while police had Wylie under surveillance. The men completed drug diversion and had the charges removed from their records. Hipps, who has a master's degree in business administration, worked as a management consultant. He apologized in his letter. "I was caught up in the drug culture and developed an addiction to cocaine. There is no excuse for what I did, but I truly am sorry," he said. Rees said the investigation continues.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Eight Die From Pills Prescribed Under Oregon's Assisted-Suicide Law (An 'Associated Press' Update On Those To Date Who Have Used The State's Unique Law Established By Voters) Associated Press found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/ feedback (letters to the editor): email@example.com 8/18/98 6:41 PM By WILLIAM McCALL Associated Press Writer PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- Eight people have died with help from their doctors under the nation's only assisted-suicide law, which so far has withstood challenges in federal courts and opposition from the Roman Catholic Church, the American Medical Association and Congress. The Oregon Health Division released its first official figures Tuesday on deaths under the law, first approved by Oregon voters in 1994 and reaffirmed by voters last November. Unknown to voters, the law went into effect the month before after a long federal court battle. Ten terminally ill people obtained lethal prescriptions from their physicians under the Oregon law, but two died from their illnesses without resorting to the drugs, said Dr. Katrina Hedberg, an epidemiologist with the division. "We found that two people chose not to take their medication even though they had it," Hedberg said. The law allows a doctor to prescribe a lethal dose of medication to hasten the death of a terminally ill patient. It sets up several safeguards to make sure the patient is sane, has less than six months to live, has a terminal diagnosis and is not forced to ingest the lethal medication. The patient must request the drugs verbally and in writing. The assisted-suicide law required the Health Division to set up a reporting system for physicians and to publish an annual statistical report, but it does not act as a regulatory agency, she said. The state waited until it had recorded 10 deaths under the law before announcing them as a way of protecting the privacy of patients and their families, Hedberg said Otherwise, "it would have been too easy to identify an individual," she said. Barbara Coombs Lee, who led the Oregon campaign for the law, welcomed the statistics, saying they showed that "dire predictions" of botched suicides and lingering deaths have proved false. "This report clearly shows that the fears of our opponents were unfounded and designed to scare Oregonians," said Coombs Lee, who is executive director of Compassion in Dying. But a spokesman for the Catholic Church called the announcement "tragic" and accused the nine doctors involved of killing their patients "in violation of medical ethics." "I'm terribly saddened," said Bob Castagna, executive director of the Oregon Catholic Conference. "We pray for the souls of the deceased. We also pray for the physicians and others who assisted in these suicides that they may reconsider their professional ethics." The leader of a group of doctors opposed to assisted suicide said the announcement "devalues and stigmatizes everyone labeled as terminally ill." Dr. N. Gregory Hamilton, president of Physicians for Compassionate Care, urged increased efforts to improve end-of-life care for patients suffering from a terminal disease. Castagna said the Oregon Catholic Conference would urge Congress "to act expeditiously to pass legislation to confirm a national standard to prohibit physician assisted suicide." A bill introduced by U.S. Sen. Don Nickles, R-Okla., could block the Oregon law by prohibiting doctors from prescribing "controlled substances" -- dangerous narcotics and barbiturates regulated by the federal government -- for the purpose of assisting suicide. The bill, which is being considered by the Senate Judiciary Committee, is supported by committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, but Attorney General Janet Reno ruled in June that the federal Controlled Substances Act did not override Oregon law. But Barbara Oskamp of West Linn, who has been diagnosed with a brain tumor, said she wishes the church would stop meddling with a law she said brings her a sense of comfort and relief. "I don't like it when religion tries to forces its viewpoint on me," Oskamp said. "This law has brought me a great sense of relief and a feeling that I can control my life." Coombs Lee noted that the average age of the 10 people who requested lethal prescriptions was 71, and nine were dying of cancer. One suffered from heart problems. "All of them were older patients facing difficult deaths," Coombs Lee said. "People are aware of the extraordinary debilitation and deterioration awaiting them." She said that nearly 24,000 deaths have been reported in Oregon since the law was reaffirmed by voters last year, and the eight assisted suicides under the law account for less than 0.03 percent of the total deaths. "This is an extremely small number," Coombs Lee said. The state report said the 10 people who were given lethal prescriptions was evenly divided between men and women, and half were from the Portland area. The report said the number of days between obtaining the lethal drugs and taking them ranged from the same day to 16 days with an average of two days. The average time of death was 40 minutes after taking the drugs. The two who died of their illnesses lived an average of 10.5 days after obtaining the drugs. In March, two people died under the state's law. A third person was reported to have died under the law in May. And in June, a Salem onocologist, Dr. Peter Rasmussen, said he had helped a terminally ill patient die. Few details of the deaths were released. In one of the March cases, a grandmother in her mid-80s battling breast cancer sought assistance from Compassion in Dying, an advocacy organization. A day after she died, the group released a tape recording the woman made before she died. U.S. District Judge Michael Hogan in Eugene ruled the law unconstitutional in 1995, but the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals overturned the decision last year and the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal. Advocates of the Oregon law said in April that 42 people had requested physician-assisted suicide since the law took effect, but that many were not terminally ill or were not residents of Oregon. Others later changed their minds and opted for hospice care. (c)1998 Oregon Live LLC Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 Get Drugs Under Oregon Suicide Law ('The Oregonian' Account Of The First Report Issued Tuesday By The Oregon Health Division Notes Two Patients At One Point Wanted To Use The Law But Chose Not To) The Oregonian letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Aug. 19, 1998 10 get drugs under Oregon suicide law * The state's first report on the effects of legalizing assisted suicide finds eight of the patients used the drugs to die Wednesday, August 19 1998 By Erin Hoover Barnett of The Oregonian staff Ten Oregonians -- five men and five women -- have obtained lethal prescriptions since the state's physician-assisted suicide law went into effect nearly 10 months ago. Eight used the medication to die. The other two died of their illnesses, the Oregon Health Division reported Tuesday. The Health Division's much-anticipated report is the first official public accounting of what the practice of assisted suicide looks like in Oregon, the only state in which it is legal. Still, medical leaders urged caution about drawing too many conclusions from such a small sample. In order to protect the confidentiality of individual patients, the Health Division waited until it had a "critical mass" of assisted suicide cases. But the state agency, charged with collecting information on compliance with the law, decided not to wait until 10 people had actually used the prescriptions to die. "There are people who get these prescriptions and don't use them," said Dr. Katrina Hedberg, deputy state epidemiologist with the Health Division. "That's why we wanted to release the information this way. Not everyone who is getting these prescriptions actually takes the medication." Nine primary physicians wrote the prescriptions for the 10 patients, the report said. That fact appears to contradict predictions by opponents that one or two physicians would become "death doctors," Hedberg noted. All patients received medical evaluations by a second doctor to confirm a terminal illness prognosis and all complied with a mandated 15-day waiting period between first and second requests for a lethal prescription, the report said. Five of the deaths were in the Portland area, Hedberg said, with the other five spread throughout the state. Of the 10 who died, all were Oregon residents; their average age was 71. One had heart disease; the others had cancer. Of those taking lethal medications, the number of days between getting the prescription and death ranged from the same day to 16 days, for an average of two days. The two patients who obtained a prescription but didn't use it died of their illnesses an average of 10.5 days after the prescription was written. Dr. Nancy Crumpacker, a Tualatin oncologist, said she thinks two of her cancer patients were included in the report as the two who died before using the medication. She said a Health Division official interviewed her about both cases after the patients died from their illnesses. Crumpacker said the pain of both patients was well controlled. She said one of the patients, a woman, wanted the prescription as a way out if she became ill enough to have to go to a nursing home. The woman had hospice care and never decided to use the drugs. The woman was referred to Crumpacker for evaluation to obtain a lethal prescription. The other patient, a man, told Crumpacker he would use the prescription rather than going back into the hospital, where he felt he would be unable to enjoy his family. The man was Crumpacker's patient for 11/2 years. A hot-button issue among opponents during the campaign to repeal the assisted suicide law last fall was the notion that some patients would die lingering, painful deaths and might vomit the medication. Hedberg said that of the eight deaths by lethal medication, none reportedly suffered complications. It took patients an average of 40 minutes to die. In one exceptional case, it took seven hours. However, that patient was unconscious and "in no pain or distress or anything like that," Hedberg said. All of the patients fell unconscious within 20 minutes of taking the medication, she said, with an average lapse of five minutes. Hedberg said relatively few people appear to be using assisted suicide. By point of comparison, in a comparable nine-month period in 1996, the most recent year for which firm figures are available, 20,931 people died from a variety of causes in Oregon, 5,706 of them from heart disease and 5,104 from cancer. To comply with the Oregon law, a doctor must submit forms to the Health Division indicating that each of the law's safeguards has been met and that the prescription was written. The Health Division then matches death certificates with the paperwork. If the death certificate does not clarify whether the patient used a prescription to die, the Health Division calls the doctor to check. If the Health Division hears of assisted suicide cases that have not been reported, officials attempt to follow up with doctors. The state Board of Medical Examiners would investigate complaints of doctors who might not have followed the law. So far, no doctors have been disciplined for noncompliance. Hedberg said that in their paperwork and in interviews she and a Health Division colleague completed with some of the physicians, she has found that doctors have been cautious and detailed in their approach to patients using the law. The Health Division is conducting in-depth interviews with doctors of patients who have obtained lethal prescriptions under the law. A report of all 1998 assisted suicide deaths, to be released in early 1999, will include a summary of the interviews. Dr. Patrick Dunn, chairman of the Task Force to Improve the Care of Terminally-Ill Oregonians, which wrote an ethics guide to the law, said, "The numbers of patients and physicians who are participating would appear to be relatively low." He cautioned: "This should be viewed as very early, that we need to be very cautious, that we need to try to understand what it is that drives patients to this decision-making. Is it because of inherent values or are there unmet needs?" Arthur Caplan, director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania, said he was "shocked" that it took so long for 10 people to use the law. "I would have thought many more would pursue this option. It's fascinating. It does not represent a groundswell of people rushing to physician-assisted suicide." Caplan, a nationally known ethicist, said he thinks the relatively small number of deaths indicates that there have been improvements in end-of-life care in Oregon. He said he thinks the Health Division could reveal more information without jeopardizing patient privacy. "I understand the concern about privacy and I respect it," he said. "No one has to make their dying into a case study for policy examination." However, he said, the information released by the Health Division raises as many questions as it answers. The ethicist said he would like information to include, for example: * Discussions between doctors and patients, what kinds of medical alternatives were offered, who else was present during discussions, whether spiritual advisers were involved. * Confirmation of the patient's terminal illness, whether it was confirmed after death by an autopsy and, in cases of cancer, what kind of cancer was involved. * Whether patients had spouses, friends or other emotional support. Assisted suicide opponents expressed sadness and skepticism about the Health Division's report. "Today's news confirms the tragic path on which the practice of medicine and the doctor-patient relationship is headed in Oregon and the United States," said the Oregon Catholic Conference, calling assisted suicide a "violation of medical ethics." The conference called on doctors "to reassert their commitment to compassionate care through a ministry of comfort care including pain control, hospice care, spiritual and supportive care of the dying and their loved ones." Dr. Gregory Hamilton, president of Physicians for Compassionate Care, said the information the state collects doesn't protect patients because it is "what the doctors involved chose to report, and there is no punishment or fine for doctors who do not report. "All we can tell from the report . . . is that some individuals are having their lives devalued and stigmatized by the state of Oregon -- with lethal consequences," Hamilton said. Supporters of the law called a news conference Tuesday to herald their view that the report speaks favorably of how assisted suicide is being handled. "This just verifies how extraordinarily rare it is in Oregon for someone to assist their death under the Oregon Death With Dignity Act," said Barbara Coombs Lee, who co-wrote the law and now leads the group Compassion in Dying. "Now we have some evidence that, in fact, it really is proceeding in a very conscientious and a very moderated and rational way in Oregon." Lee said Compassion in Dying assisted two of the eight patients in the Health Division report who obtained and used lethal drugs to die. Compassion announced the first case, a woman in her 80s with breast cancer, publicly in March. The second family requested total privacy. Lee said her organization has had 200 inquiries about assisted suicide since the law went into effect, 50 from patients. She said 25 of those patients were eligible under the law. In addition to the two who used lethal medication to die, eight of the 25 had either begun or completed the process to obtain a prescription but died of their illnesses instead. Fifteen of the patients are in the process of obtaining a prescription. The Hemlock Society has also worked with patients interested in pursuing assisted suicide and has acknowledged counseling and finding a doctor for one patient who completed the act. In recent weeks, leading Republicans in Congress have sought to prohibit doctors from prescribing lethal doses of regulated drugs to terminally ill patients. In the House, a bill introduced June 5 by Rep. Henry Hyde, R-Ill., has passed the Judiciary Committee, which Hyde chairs. It could go to the House floor for a vote after a review by the Commerce Committee that must be completed by Sept. 18. In the Senate, a companion bill offered by Assistant Majority Leader Don Nickles, R-Okla., awaits review by the Judiciary Committee. A vote has not been scheduled. In a report accompanying Hyde's bill, the Judiciary Committee instructs the federal Drug Enforcement Administration to review regularly -- "on at least a quarterly basis" - the very reports that the Oregon Health Division used to release its information Tuesday. Those records, along with doctors' records, are subject to subpoena and "will indicate unequivocally" whether a doctor has broken the law by prescribing controlled substances such as narcotics to assist in a suicide, the report says. Once the DEA determines that a doctor participated in a suicide, it could strip the doctor of privileges to prescribe federally controlled drugs "without need for further investigation." The Clinton administration opposes doctor-assisted suicide in principle but officials have opposed the Hyde and Nickles bills, calling them flawed. Administration officials also have said the bills would divert the DEA's attention and sap resources from the agency's primary mission, stopping illegal trafficking of drugs. Patrick O'Neill and Jim Barnett of The Oregonian staff contributed to this report.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Initiative 692 Goes Beyond Partisan Politics (An Op-Ed In The Olympia, Washington, 'Daily Olympian' By A Thurston County Democratic Party Official Urges Voters To Support The Medical Marijuana Initiative Sponsored By Washington Citizens For Medical Rights) From: "Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-Hemp Talk" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Daily O - Pro and Con approve I-692 Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 22:15:31 -0700 Sender: email@example.com This is a three-fer in the 8/18/98 Daily Olympian. The first, by our Democrat says "Support I-692," The second, by our Republican, is rather condescending and says marijuana is bad, but not to oppose I-692. The last letter says "Marijuana busts are a waste of time." Bob_O *** PRO: Initiative 692 goes beyond partisan politics * HUMANE: The key point is that the initiative would help decrease suffering. In about 60 days, the voters of the state of Washington can do something to relieve pain and suffering - they can vote yes in support of the medical marijuana Initiative 692. This should not be a left or right issue. The pain and suffering from glaucoma, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, AIDS, cancer and other illnesses is shared, by all Democrats, Republicans and Independents. Initiative 692 gathered more than 260,000 signatures and is the work of Dr... Rob Killian, who runs a health clinic in Tacoma. He sponsored a similar initiative last year, and only Island County voted for it. That initiative was overly broad and would have decriminalized some drugs and freed some criminals from prison. The state Senate worked briefly on the issue this spring, but SB 6271 died, so sponsors had to use the initiative to get action. Narrower focus The flaws in the last initiative have been corrected. The new initiative is modeled after SB 6271 which was sponsored by 6271, which was sponsored by Sens. Jeanne Kohl, D-Seattle, and Bob McCaslin, R-Spokane. Initiative 692 is limited and focuses on medical needs. It allows the medical use of marijuana for a limited number of specific medical conditions for which there is. scientific evidence that marijuana works. Physicians must advise patients that medical marijuana could be beneficial. Other safeguards are built in. Limits are place on the amount of marijuana that a patient can possess. Parental consent is required for patients under 18. It cannot be used at work or while driving. Other drugs are not impacted nor are laws covering the nonmedical use of marijuana. Patients with terminal or debilitating illnesses who grow and use marijuana with the consent of a physician would be protected from prosecution. Protections also apply to physicians who recommend marijuana and to the people who act as primary caregivers for patients. It appears that the use of marijuana as a painkiller has been around for centuries, but the doctors of 1998 cannot prescribe it. This is in spite of more than 75 studies and research articles published in peer-reviewed medical journals that have demonstrated the therapeutic value of marijuana. High level of support In 1995, the oldest and largest association of public health professionals in the world, the American Public Health Association, urged lawmakers to make marijuana legally available as a therapeutic agent. In 1990, more than half of the cancer specialists surveyed said they favor the controlled medical availability of marijuana. Forty-four percent said they had suggested obtaining marijuana illegally for a patient at least once. Polling data show a high level of public support. Thirty-six states have pissed legislation supporting the therapeutic potential of marijuana. Speaking in support of the marijuana legislation, Sens. Kohl and McCaslin said, "As one of us is a Seattle Democrat and the other is a Spokane Republican, we frequently differ on legislation before the Senate. However, illness and suffering are not partisan issues. We are united...." We should be united in support of this humanitarian Initiative 692. Walt Bowen is a longtime Thurston County political advocate and former chairman of the Thurston County Democratic Party.
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'War On Drugs' Should Not Include Medicinal Pot Use (An Op-Ed In 'The Daily Olympian' By A More Conservative And Ignorant Representative Of The Evergreen Freedom Foundation Says Initiative 692 Is Being Backed By 'Billionaire Socialist' George Soros, But Nevertheless The War On Drugs Should Not Be Waged Against Medical Marijuana Patients) From: "Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-Hemp Talk" (email@example.com) Subject: HT: Daily O - Pro and Con approve I-692 Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 22:15:31 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org CON? - 'War on drugs' should not include medicinal pot use * 1-692: The Washington initiative would allow use of marijuana by prescription only. Early this year, as I approached the entryway of a local grocery store, two scruffy-looking youngsters stopped me on my way in. At first I thought for sure that the two were down on their luck and needed money for food and soap for a thorough (and badly needed) washing. Instead, however, the catatonic pair asked if I would sign Initiative 692, the "medicinal marijuana" initiative. Perhaps I'm a bit cynical, but judging from the appearance of the signature gatherers for I-692, medicinal purposes were not what they had in mind. Nevertheless, 1-692 would legalize marijuana only for patients suffering from a terminal illness or certain other debilitating conditions. Prescription required Patients would have to get a prescription from their doctor to use the drug, and possession amounts would be limited to 60 doses. Patient caregivers would be permitted to assist patients with the administration of the drug. All other laws against the recreational use and distribution of the drug would remain in force. And these are precisely the points I-692 advocates are hoping you'll remember. Proponents are emphasizing the limited scope of this initiative. They eagerly point out that it does not reform (loosen) drug laws the way the last "medicinal marijuana" initiative would have. Advocates of marijuana legalization have learned that their ultimate goals of loosening societal mores against drug use and liberalizing drug laws do not sit well with the majority of voters in Washington state. Just because some of those supporting the legalization of marijuana as a painkiller for the severely afflicted also support the legalization of recreational drug use, however, does not necessarily mean I-692 should be opposed. Authorizing the use of a drug in specific circumstances does not necessarily start society, down the slippery slope toward libertarian drug laws. For example, although morphine is legal for doctors to prescribe, its recreational use is prohibited. Also, steroids can be legally prescribed by a doctor but are illegal for recreational abuse. At doctor's discretion Doctors disagree as to whether marijuana can be used effectively as medicine; the majority of doctors, it seems, dismiss the "medicinal" value of marijuana. Yet, in the case of I-692 where use is legalized only for patients in specific conditions, it seems reasonable to permit doctors to use their discretion as to which drug would best alleviate their patient's pain. If experience proves that doctors' prescriptions for the drug are too readily abused, we could reverse the law through our legislature or the initiative process. The major forces behind 1-692, such as billionaire socialist (anyone else see the irony there?) George Soros, are not likely to be satisfied with the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes. But voters should be wary of any future attempts to legalize recreational drug use. Society already has a great deal of difficulty dealing with the effects of one legal, mind-altering drug (alcohol). More to contend with may prove too costly. The "War on Drugs" is not waged on prescriptions for aspirin, penicillin or morphine. Neither should it be waged on marijuana used for medicinal purposes. David Boze is a research analyst with the Evergreen Freedom Foundation.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Busts Are Waste Of Time (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Daily Olympian' Says Prohibition Agents Should Target Harder Drugs Instead) From: "Bob Owen" (email@example.com) To: "-Hemp Talk" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Daily O - Pro and Con approve I-692 Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 22:15:31 -0700 Sender: email@example.com LTE - Daily Olympian 8/18/98 Marijuana busts, are waste of time This letter is prompted by a recent article about marijuana. It seems to me that something needs to change in the way law enforcement agencies approach drug use in America. There is too much time, money, and energy being spent and wasted on eliminating the source, despite the futility of eventually finding the grower. Officials are not even able to gauge the impact of the limited marijuana seizures because of the plentiful supply available. This is after spending months and thousands of man hours of undercover operations and inevitably pursuing various dead-end leads. Capt... Jim Chamberlain doubts that marijuana use would cease even if every growth operation in Thurston County was halted. Yet, law enforcement is perfectly willing to pursue this futile cause in the same manner that they have been since the Prohibition era in the '20s. They attack the source rather than the desire. Drug enforcement officials are dedicating too much time to the eradication of marijuana use, as opposed to spending that time pursuing more harmful drugs such as heroin and methamphetamine. I believe that these officials who admit the trivial impacts of their endless efforts need to prioritize their efforts toward fighting drug use. They say marijuana is a gateway drug. They are concerned that its use, especially by teenagers, might eventually lead to the use of the more harmful drugs. If marijuana is a gateway drug, what do you suppose is the gateway to marijuana use? My guess would be alcohol and tobacco, drugs readily available in every supermarket and gas station. Forest Payne/Olympia
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Customs Agent Gets Maximum In Drug Case ('The San Antonio News-Express' Says Former US Customs Agent Timothy Wade Davis Was Sentenced To 71 Months In Federal Prison Monday In Texas For Possession With Intent To Distribute Marijuana) Date: Wed, 19 Aug 1998 14:17:35 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (MAPNews) Subject: MN: US TX: Ex-Customs Agent Gets Maximum In Drug Case Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: San Antonio News-Express Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.expressnews.com/ Pubdate: 18 Aug 1998 Author: John MacCormack Express-News Staff Writer EX-CUSTOMS AGENT GETS MAXIMUM IN DRUG CASE Former U.S. Customs agent Timothy Wade Davis, 38, has been sentenced to 71 months in federal prison for possession with intent to distribute marijuana. Davis was handed the maximum sentence Monday in Del Rio by U.S. Judge Fred Biery. "The tenor of the sentencing was that he will not tolerate this from anyone in law enforcement, in Eagle Pass or elsewhere," said Bill Reid, an assistant U.S. attorney in Del Rio. Davis was arrested in November 1997 in Eagle Pass in possession of 785 pounds of marijuana and a replica U.S. Customs badge. Authorities believe he used the fake badge to aid him in smuggling drugs. Davis worked with a canine inspection unit in Eagle Pass from 1991 to 1996, when he retired due to a disability. "He was involved with numerous co-conspirators in the Eagle Pass area, some of whom pled guilty in this case, and some of whom pled guilty in related cases," Reid said. "He was a bad apple. He was telling the drug organizations with which he dealt about the workings of the port of entry and how to avoid the drug-sniffing dogs," Reid said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Mayor's Crusade Against Methadone (A Staff Editorial In 'The New York Times' Says Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's Moralistic Initiative To Deprive Heroin Addicts Of Methadone, Introduced Without Public Debate Or Discussion, Will Harm Addicts Without Reducing The Scourge Of Heroin Use In New York City) From: Holly Catania (HCatania@sorosny.org) To: TLC-LARGE (TLCL@sorosny.org)) Subject: NY Times editorial on methadone Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 10:10:00 -0400 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Tuesday, August 18, 1998 The New York Times Editorial: The Mayor's Crusade Against Methadone AUGUST 18 1998 Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's drive against methadone maintenance programs for heroin addicts ignores the most authoritative medical advice and could lead to more suffering among those struggling to control their addiction. The Giuliani administration cannot shut down most of the 36,000 state and federally funded methadone treatment slots in New York City. But Mr. Giuliani says he will end methadone maintenance for the limited population that he can directly control - the roughly 2,000 people in public hospitals who receive the treatment. The new policy may also be applied to addicted inmates in city jails. Mayor Giuliani considers abstinence the more morally acceptable approach to curing addiction. He argues that methadone should be used, if at all, for no more than a few months, and then only as part of an abstinence program. Abstinence is a worthy goal, but medical experts say that methadone-to- abstinence does not work for many heroin addicts. They often need to take methadone for years at a time. Most scientists in the field consider methadone to be a medical treatment for heroin addiction, not a substitute dependency, as Mr. Giuliani insists. Methadone does not generate the euphoria of an opiate but reduces withdrawal symptoms and blunts an addict's craving for heroin. Addicts in methadone maintenance programs have shown decreased drug use, lower crime rates, better social functioning and reduced likelihood of transmitting the AIDS and hepatitis viruses through needle-sharing. These outcomes have caused scientific panels convened by both the National Institutes of Health and the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences to recommend expanding access to methadone maintenance treatment around the country. A review this year by the Federal Government's General Accounting Office concluded that "research provides strong evidence to support methadone maintenance as the most effective treatment for heroin addiction." In addition, Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the nation's top official on drug policy, objecting to Mayor Giuliani's arguments, has said that methadone maintenance therapy should be made more widely available. If Mr. Giuliani thinks he knows better, he should sponsor a small-scale test to show that heroin addicts can be moved quickly to abstinence. His moralistic opposition to methadone maintenance, introduced without public debate or discussion, could deprive many addicts of the medication they need to remain heroin-free - without helping to reduce the scourge of heroin use in New York City.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Planned Hemp Facility A First (According To 'The Winnipeg Free Press,' Douglas Campbell, General Manager Of Consolidated Growers And Processors Of Canada Ltd., Said The Company Will Announce By November The Site In Rural Manitoba Of A New $6 Million Hemp Processing Plant Expected To Create About 30 Jobs When It Opens, By July 1999) Date: Thu, 20 Aug 1998 18:00:29 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: Canadian Hemp Facility A First Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Joe Hickey (email@example.com) Pubdate: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 Source: Winnipeg Free Press (Canada) Section: Business Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.mbnet.mb.ca/freepress/ Author: David Kuxhaus, Legislature Reporter PLANNED HEMP FACILITY A FIRST $6-M Plant Expected To Create About 30 Jobs, Open Doors By July '99 A $6-MILLION hemp processing plant will be up and running in rural Manitoba by next July. Douglas Campbell, general manager of Consolidated Growers and Processors of Canada Ltd., said the company has harrowed it down to three or four locations in rural Manitoba, and will announce its choice by November. The new plant will be 112,000 sq. ft. and employ about 30 people. Campbell could not say how much the jobs will pay, although he said about two-thirds of them will be low-tech positions. Campbell said it would be premature to discuss details concerning the financing of the project. He said at this point, no government money is involved. But that could change, he added. "Obviously if we are eligible for (government) programs we want to look at that." he noted. CGP is made up of a group of North American and European investors. The federal government lifted the ban on growing hemp in March. Production was prohibited in 1938 because hemp is a member of the cannabis family and contains the substance THC which gives pot smokers their high. The potential uses of the plant are broad, ranging from clothing to plastics. Hemp oil can be used in cooking or for burning in automobile engines. Campbell said the Manitoba facility will produce fibre for insulation and paper-making. "The intention would be to run three shifts with one processing line," he added. The new Manitoba plant is part of a larger plan which will see three to four facilities built in Western Canada over the next couple of years. Campbell said they would like to branch out into secondary processing. "All of our facilities are being designed for future expansion to produce value-added products," said Campbell. He said CPG chose Manitoba as the site for their first plant because there isn't enough hemp being grown in other western provinces to justify a facility. CGP's main objective right now is to get farmers interested in growing the plant, Campbell said, adding that because of the sooner-than-anticipated lifting of the ban, only 1,200 acres of hemp were planted in Manitoba this year. "Many growers did not receive adequate notice," he noted. CGP has contracts with about 30 growers in the province. The first fibre crop was harvested last week in La Riviere. Campbell said the remaining crops should be in by the end of September or early October. The fibre will be stored over the winter and processed in July. Campbell said that involves separating the inner fibre from the outer fibre. "It's like peeling the skin off a banana," he explained. Agricultural Minister Harry Enns said having a processing plant in Manitoba will help convince farmers that hemp is a viable alternative. "This sends a very strong signal to farmers," said Enns. Campbell said farmers could gross in excess of $400 per acre.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Halifax Should Profit From Busts - Councillor ('The Halifax Daily News' Says Albro Lake Councillor Clint Schofield, A Member Of The City Police Commission In Halifax, Nova Scotia, Wants The Province To Share Its Proceeds-Of-Crime Account With Municipalities, Since They Pay For Law Enforcement) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: Halifax should profit from busts - councillor Date: Tue, 18 Aug 1998 09:12:16 -0700 Lines: 54 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Halifax Daily News Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: Tuesday, August 18, 1998 Author: BRIAN FLINN -- The Daily News Halifax should profit from busts - councillor Province urged to share proceeds-of-crime account with municipalities to help fund policing If crime pays, Halifax Regional Municipality should get a share, says Albro Lake Councillor Clint Schofield. Schofield, a member of the city's police commission, said he wants the province to share its proceeds-of-crime account with municipalities, because they pay for law enforcement. The extra money could be used to beef-up policing in areas such as his north-end Dartmouth district, which has been battling prostitution and drugs in recent years. Ontario shares cash "You need extra policing to do that," he said. Schofield said Ontario municipalities get a share of that province's crime money, and Nova Scotia should consider following that lead. He wants to find out more about how other provinces share the money when he represents Halifax at the annual meeting of Canadian police commissions in Edmonton later this week. The size of the crime fund depends on what busts have been made recently, but Schofield said there can be a lot of money and material seized. "If they have a big drug bust they sell the boats and everything else," he said. Justice Department spokeswoman Michele McKinnon said the province is negotiating a new deal with the federal government to share proceeds of crime. Federal guidelines agree "That's exactly what's being looked at right now," she said. The details have not been worked out, so it's not clear yet who will get how much. But federal guidelines say some money should go toward crime prevention and law enforcement, she said. One factor that will probably influence any sharing arrangement is location, she said. For example, if a boat is seized under the narcotics act, "it would probably depend on where the offence occurred."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Department Hushes Up Boom In Student Drug Use ('The Australian' Says A $100,000 Survey Of 5,200 New South Wales Students Completed In October 1996, Showing Significant Increases In The Use Of Alcohol, Cannabis And Illicit Drugs, Has Been Quashed By The State's Education Department) Date: Sun, 23 Aug 1998 10:55:58 +0930 From: Andrew Duffy (email@example.com) Subject: The Australia: OPED: Department Hushes Up Boom In Student Drug Use To: "firstname.lastname@example.org" (email@example.com) Pot News - Hemp SA's On-line News Service Newshawk: Ken Russell Source: The Australian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/ Pubdate: Tue, 18 August 1998 Author: Belinda Hickman, Medical Writer DEPARTMENT HUSHES UP BOOM IN STUDENT DRUG USE A REPORT showing significant increases in the use of alcohol, cannabis and illicit drugs by NSW TAFE students has been quashed by the State's Education Department. The report - based on a survey of about 5200 students - shows a significant increase in cannabis use, unsafe alcohol consumption and experimental use of illicit drugs. But the department has refused to release the report - estimated to have cost about $100,000 - claiming it has not been finished despite an almost two-year interval since the survey was carried out. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre researchers - contracted to analyse the data - are frustrated and disappointed with the delay. Centre director Wayne Hall has called for the report to be released as soon as possible. "There is a concern that (the department) put money into the survey and because they don't like the results, for whatever reason, nothing becomes of it," Professor Hall said. "I think It would be preferable if this information were out in the public domain so people can be informed about what drug use there is, and sensible decisions can be made about what sort of response is appropriate." State Opposition education spokesman Stephen O'Doherty questioned whether the report was suppressed because it could potentially embarrass the State Government. The survey was completed in October 1996 and results were to be released at the Australian Professional Society on Alcohol and Other Drugs national conference in October last year. An abstract of the presentation, published in the conference program, says important health, safety and educational issues arising from the report need to be addressed. The survey found smoking rates among TAFE students had risen from 37 per cent in 1992 to 43 per cent in 1996. Weekly alcohol consumption - mostly at unsafe levels - jumped 11 percentage points to 64 per cent, with a fivefold increase in students drinking alcohol before their classes. About two-thirds of students had tried cannabis, compared with about half in 1992, while weekly use of the drug jumped 7 percentage points to 24 per cent in the four-year period. Experimental use of illicit stimulants increased from 16 percent in 1992 to 23percent in 1996, with a similar rise in use of hallucinogens. TAFE deputy director Jozefa Sobski said a decision not to release the report was made due to concerns about "research methodology" - specifically, a lack of national comparisons. Ms Sobski said the report was lost in the system following a bureaucratic restructure, but it had been returned to the public health division - following inquiries from The Australian - to be finalised "as quickly as possible". *** HEMP SA Inc - Help End Marijuana Prohibition South Australia PO Box 1019 Kent Town South Australia 5071 hempSA@va.com.au Internet: http://www.hemp.on.net.au/ Check out our on-line news service - Pot News! Go to: http://www.va.com.au/services/hosting.html to subscribe and unsubscribe to Pot News via a simple web interface. Alternatively email@example.com with subject "subscribe" *** Date: Tue, 25 Aug 1998 13:04:46 +0930 To: Phil Smith (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Andrew Duffy (email@example.com) Subject: Re: The Australia: OPED: Department Hushes Up Boom In Student Drug Use G'day Phil, TAFE stands for Tertiary And Further Education (I think :^) Does that make any sense to you? "Cyber Andy" :^) At 05:40 PM 8/24/98 -0700, you wrote: >Hi there, > >Could you explain what a "TAFE" student is? > >Thanks, > >Phil Smith -------------------------------------------------------------------
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