------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Bulletin' In Bend, Oregon, Says That Whatever You Believe About The Medical Properties Of Marijuana, Jailing Sick People For Using It Does More Damage Than The Drug Itself, And We Should Not Be Inflicting Greater Harm Than The Problem We Are Trying To Solve) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 20:04:17 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US OR: PUB LTE: Medical Marijuana Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Curt Wagoner Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Bulletin, The (OR) Section: My Nickles Worth Page: A-6 Contact: email@example.com Mail: 1526 NW Hill St, Bend, OR 97701 Website: http://www.bendbulletin.com MEDICAL MARIJUANA Your editorial on medical marijuana misses one major fact and the real point. The fact is that smokable marijuana is a medicine under federal law. The U.S. federal government distributes it to a number of patients, after one of them went to court and proved to a legal certainty that 1) smokable marijuana is a medicine and 2) it is the only medicine suitable for their conditions. To help you understand the point you missed, let's try another analogy. Let's suppose that these people were growing their own tobacco and rolling their own cigars, because they thought they made them feel better. We all know, of course, that tobacco has no significant beneficial medical effects and, in fact is pretty bad for their health. Should we jail them and seize their property to persuade them to stop smoking homegrown cigars? Smoking cigars is certainly harmful, but the effects of jailing sick people and seizing their property is even worse. The real point is this - whatever you believe about the medical properties of marijuana - jailing sick people for using it does more damage than the drug itself. We should not be inflicting greater harm than the problem we are trying to solve. And, I would recomend that you read Major Studies of Drugs and Drug Policy at http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer. You need to catch up with the research on these issues. Cliff Schaffer. Canyon Country, Calif.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Lawn Signs For Measures 57 And 67 (A Portland NORML Activist Says Voter Power Is Distributing Lawn Signs And Other Materials Urging Oregonians To Vote 'No' On Recriminalization And 'Yes' For Medical Marijuana) From: Perjanstr@aol.com Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 23:07:13 EDT To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: CanPat - Cannabis Patriots Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org CanPats, Voter Power now has lawn signs [No on 57/Yes on 67] as well as other materials relating to both initiatives. In Portland: (503) 736-0907 Or, can obtain materials relating to each initiative directly from campaign headquarters in Salem; No on 57 Committee: 371-6222; Oregonians for Medical Rights: 371-4711 Perry [Portland] NORML
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sheriff Sees Marijuana Measure As Ploy To Legalize Other Drugs (An 'Associated Press' Story In 'The Oregonian' Quotes Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle Of Portland Telling The State Criminal Justice Commission On Thursday That 'We Don't Believe Measure 67 Has Anything To Do With Medicine' And That Marijuana 'Contributes To Violent And Assaultive Behavior') Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 09:45:45 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US OR: Sheriff Sees Marijuana Measure As Ploy To Legalize Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://flash.oregonlive.com/ Author: Charles E. Beggs, The Associated Press SHERIFF SEES MARIJUANA MEASURE AS PLOY TO LEGALIZE OTHER DRUGS SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- A medical marijuana measure on the Nov. 3 ballot is a ploy to legalize other drugs, says the sheriff of the state's most populous county. "We don't believe Measure 67 has anything to do with medicine," Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle told the state Criminal Justice Commission on Thursday. The commission is taking testimony to compile an informative report for the public, but won't take a formal position on the initiative measure. Noelle said in the field of pharmaceuticals, marijuana "would be the least effective and most risky" option. He also claimed the drug "contributes to violent and assaultive behavior." But the sponsor of the measure, Dr. Richard Bayer of Portland, said marijuana is a time-tested remedy for some ailments and was used as far back at the late 1800s to relieve pain. He said it's the only pain reliever that has no side effects on the gastrointestinal system. And he said the drug's use needs to be tightly controlled. "We don't want people driving who are under the influence," Bayer said. Other supports said the drug has been shown to relieve chemotherapy side effects and glaucoma.Portland psychologist and addiction counselor Roger Burt argued that marijuana "is definitely in the big leagues of addiction." He said its use damages learning ability and health and even shrinks the brain. "This sounds like physician-assisted suicide to me," Burt said. "I think it's nothing but trouble for Oregon."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Sheriff Sees Marijuana Measure As Ploy To Legalize Other Drugs (A List Subscriber In Salem, Oregon, Says He Checked With The State Board Of Psychological Examiners, The Board Of Counselors, And The Board Of Licensed Social Workers And It Turns Out The 'Portland Psychologist And Addiction Counselor Roger Burt' Quoted By 'The Associated Press' Making Ludicrous Assertions About Cannabis Is Not Licensed Or Registered In Oregon - Plus Commentary From Other List Subscribers) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 00:01:22 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (email@example.com) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com) Subject: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com PLEASE SEE MY COMMENTS BELOW THIS ARTICLE Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy to legalize other drugs The Associated Press 9/25/98 4:58 AM By CHARLES E. BEGGS Associated Press Writer [snipped to avoid duplication. This version was identical to 'The Oregonian' version (see above) - ed.] *** Paul wrote: I called the board of Psychological Examiners today to complain about the so-called psychologist who is quoted in the above article. I was told he is not a certified psychologist in Oregon. I checked with the Board of Counselors and the Board of Licensed social Workers. He is not registered! So I called The Oregonian and got the news editor's phone machine. I voiced my complaint and asked if I can represent myself ad a M.D. to rebut him :-) I told them to call. Any ideas? I want to persue this because this is not a small matter in my mind. The person at the one board suggested I send a copy to the Board of Psychological Examiners. Paul *** Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 03:02:05 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com) Subject: CanPat - Letter to the Editor- Oregonian Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Letter to the Editor- Oregonian sent in for submission The man quoted in your AP piece on medical marijuana is not a registered psychologist in Oregon. He is not registered with the Board of Psychological Examiners, Board of Counselors or the Board of Licensed Social Workers. Since when does a newspaper quote someone as a professional who is not? May I represent myself as an M.D.? If your going to print refer madness about pot shrinking the brain (9-25-98) at least quote someone with the proper expertise. This is an example of the mainstream press not even checking one source. Has the AP and the Oregonian now stooped to the caliber of the tabloids? In this case it appears they did. I challenge you to print this letter. The Oregonian doesn't seem to accept criticism when it hits home. Prove me wrong. Paul Stone *** Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 22:07:48 -0500 From: "Dr. Richard E. Pearl, Sr." (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org You may want to notify the sheriff that the Anmerican Psychiatric Association disagrees with him when he says, "He also claimed the drug "contributes to violent and assaultive behavior." According the the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, marijuana does not make people violent. In fact, it says if the person is violent, look to alcohol or some other drug. It's not marijuana. I think the medical doctors who wrote that know more than your sheriff. Dr. Richard E. Pearl, Sr. *** Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 01:49:33 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (email@example.com) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com) Subject: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy to legalize other drugs Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Oregon State Psychologists and Examiners Board 3218 Pringle Road SE Suite 130 Salem, Oregon 97302-6309 PH-503-378-4154 *** From: LawBerger@aol.com Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 02:22:33 EDT To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org For what it's worth, I told the commission that having been a criminal lawyer for 15 years, and having represented over 1600 people, I'd certainly been lied to before and received disinformation from the government as a part of the discovery process, but had never heard as many lies or received as much disinformation in as short a period of time as I did on thurs. listening to this fellow who wants to be an addictions counselor tell the commission, among other things, that marijuana causes brain atrophy, yet, at the same time, telling them that Bruce Lee's death was attributed to his brain expansion caused by his chronic use of marijuana. He also claimed someone died in Houston last year. I pressed him in the hall for a reference for this assertion (no one has ever died from consuming cannabis; the mortality co-efficient is zero) and he was not forthcoming. Anyway, it didn't seem like the comm'n gave his testimony much credence, especially when contrasted with Dr. Bayer's. Lee Berger Portland *** Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 10:15:34 -0400 From: Kim (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy to legalize other drugs Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Paul, Just a thought. I have a friend whom is a psychologist (that's what I thought anyway). The other day I called her a "psychologist" and she corrected me saying, "Well, I'm not licensed, but, I have my bachelors degree in psychology." Surprise!, learn something new everyday! Btw, she has worked in counseling for many years. *** Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 09:35:09 -0500 From: "Dr. Richard E. Pearl, Sr." (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: CanPat - Sheriff sees marijuana measure as ploy to legalize other drugs Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org My Friends, About the "Psychologist." I don't know the laws in Oregon, but in Tennessee you cannot call yourself a psychologist unless you are licensed by the state as such. I can call myself a doctor of psychology if I am, but I cannot call myself a psychologist uness I have that license, which entails p[assing a national exam and a state oral exam in most states. When I write to this board, I write as a citizen and a human being who has views I wish to express. I do not write as a psychologist, usually, because this is not my area of expertise. When I write as a psychologist, I sign my full name. When I write as an ordinary citizen, I sign my first name only. I am sure many of you have noticed that difference. The APA can do nothing to someone who is not a member, but your state board can if he is falsely representing himself as a psychologist, and they should. Everyone who lives in the state should write to the Board of Psychological Examiners and demand that action be taken against this person if he is not credentialed to be what he said he is. By the way, kudos to Kim's friend who ensured that she was not called by a title she had not earned. I had to fight constantly with my girlfriend to STOP calling me a psychologist before I got my license. She could only say I had my doctorate in psychology. Honest people in the psychology profession will ALWAYS do what Kim's friend did. By the way, I AM a psychologist. Dr. Richard E. Pearl, Sr. Tennessee Psychologist License 2205 *** From: "Patrick O'Connolly" (email@example.com) To: "Phil Smith" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: Portland NORML News - A few recent headlines . . . Remember Dan Noelle Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 17:45:30 -0700 It seems that ole Dan Noelle, Sheriff ADL Elect, is dead set about making sure the Oregon Mob doesn't share the profits. Witness his absolutism on the use of marijuana. I know many folks who have gone through ChemoTherapy and still are, and before they fell victim to the ol' weed they didn't want to eat and felt like general shit, hell even my own grandma found that the ol' weed helped her cataracts! Anyway who is Dan Noelle let's all remember that a few years back when he was just a chair warmer for the Portland Police Department, he was given the task of investigating the ADL (Anti-Defamation League, Remember Meyer Lansky, or is that Meier & Frank Lansky) well anyway Dan gave the ADL a clean bill of health even though a character down in San Francisco (CIA/ADL) was found with the entire 'secret' files from Portland's own Civilian Intelligence Department (CID?, yes myrtle the Portland Cops have files on everyone with the exception of criminals). So old Dan Noelle, cleaned up the case and gave the ADL a clean bill of health and within a couple months he was handed the job of Multnomah County Sheriff. Well Ol' Dan is fond of the mob, old Lansky himself was involved in setting up most drug rackets in this country since the 1920's when incidently he set up the ADL as a cover. Basically Lansky's heirs don't want drugs legalized, because then they would have to share the profits with the Government, but when they simply own the Government its a cheaper deal that they have now, just to control a few cronies. Hell, if Dan Noelle can give the ADL a clean bill of health, then certainly he can demonize the killer weed! Keep up the good work Dan, p.s. make sure your retirement's not dependant on PERS, those folks at the OREGONIAN, KKR (who control you) have just about bankrupted the State Retirement, I hope your handlers have promised you more than just the job and cozy public retirement. Sincerely, Patrick Anyone that wants to review old Meyer Lansky and his empire check out the book 'Mogul of the Mob', old Lansky was responsbile for setting everything up during prohibition he owned everyone. *** Patrick O'Connolly, An Irish Rebel A leisure class exists at both ends of the economic system. *** Date: Thu, 1 Oct 1998 08:26:17 -0700 (PDT) From: Terry Miller (email@example.com) To: Bob Tiernan (firstname.lastname@example.org) cc: Phil Smith (email@example.com) Subject: Re: Sheriff Noele On Thu, 1 Oct 1998, Bob Tiernan wrote: > You might want to keep an eye (time permitting) > on when Sheriff Dan is speaking out against > M57 and/or M67. I believe that if it's during > his working or duty hours, he's violating the > Hatch Act by lobbying for or against something > while on the clock. I am currently trying > to catch Tri - Met officials doing the same for > M26-74. I don't know for sure, but it seems like that, even if he does and it is against the Hatch Act, how do you make something happen to stop that? TD *** Date: Fri, 2 Oct 1998 07:02:56 -0700 (PDT) From: Bob Tiernan (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: Terry Miller (email@example.com) cc: Phil Smith (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: Sheriff Noele On Thu, 1 Oct 1998, Terry Miller wrote: > I don't know for sure, but it seems like that, even if he does and it is > against the Hatch Act, how do you make something happen to stop that? I've been asked to send a short letter to [Secretary of State Phil] Keisling regarding Tri-Met officials doing this regarding the North/South measure, at least to get a clarification and to draw attention to this. I might as well add the Noelle lobbying to my letter. I did not cut the article out, but about what time of the day did Noelle and the doctor make their presentation? Bob *** [ed. note - Be sure to cite Oregon state election laws ORS 260.432 (1) & (2). See also this web site on the Hatch Act, for federal civilian and military personnel: http://www.access.gpo.gov/osc/#11 Last time I checked the address for the Secretary of State was: Phil Keisling Secretary of State 136 State Capitol Salem OR 97310-0722 Tel. (503) 986-1523 Fax: (503) 986-1616 E-mail: email@example.com Web page: http://www.sos.state.or.us/soshome.htm]
------------------------------------------------------------------- Senate Panel OKs Suicide Ban ('The Oregonian' Says A Bill That Would Block Oregon's Physician-Assisted Suicide Law Cleared The Senate Judiciary Committee On Thursday) The Oregonian letters to editor: firstname.lastname@example.org 1320 SW Broadway Portland, OR 97201 Web: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Senate panel OKs suicide ban * Sen. Don Nickles, R-Okla., pushes to nullify Oregon's assisted-suicide law before Congress adjourns, but even allies prefer to hold off and have a thorough debate Friday, September 25 1998 By Jim Barnett and Dave Hogan of the Oregonian staff WASHINGTON -- A bill that would block Oregon's physician-assisted suicide law cleared the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday. But many who voted in favor said they hoped Congress would proceed slowly and cautiously. "I will vote to move this process along for now, but I have serious reservations about this bill," Sen. Mike DeWine, R-Ohio, said before the vote. "We need to consider the intended consequences as well as the unintended consequences." The bill, sponsored by Sen. Don Nickles, R-Okla., would prohibit doctors from prescribing lethal doses of pain-killing drugs to deathly ill patients. It passed 11-6, encouraging Nickles to push for a quick vote by the full Senate. "It is my intention to help the Senate pass this important bill before we adjourn" on Oct. 9, said Nickles, assistant majority leader and the Senate's No. 2 Republican. But Judiciary Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, and other committee members said the full Senate is unlikely to vote on the legislation before next year because of time constraints and procedural roadblocks. Several members, including some of the Republicans who supported the bill, had bigger concerns as well. During a chaotic work session in a crowded Capitol anteroom, some members echoed doctors' objections. Doctors have said the prospect of investigation by federal drug agents would prevent them from prescribing sufficient doses of pain-killing drugs for patients facing death. In a telling exchange, Sen. Arlen Specter, R-Pa., told Hatch that he had concerns about this "chilling effect" on doctors. Quietly, Hatch replied, "I do, too. I do, too." Specter then gave Hatch his proxy to vote for the bill. But before leaving the work session, he told the chairman, "I want to make the record explicit that I will oppose it on the Senate floor." The hourlong debate reached an emotional peak when Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., told the committee that several people close to her, including her father and her second husband, required palliative care before dying of cancer. "I don't think this does a whit for retarding assisted suicide," Feinstein said. "I do sincerely believe that this is going to retard prescribing for terminally ill, deeply suffering patients." "You may be right," said Hatch, an ardent opponent of assisted suicide. The bill that passed the Judiciary Committee, in fact, was a version of the Nickles bill that Hatch amended in hopes of allaying doctors' concerns. Among other things, the amended bill would: * Increase the prosecutor's burden of proof to show "clear and convincing evidence" that a doctor prescribed medication intended to assist in a suicide. * Include officials from the Department of Health and Human Services as part of an advisory board to the Drug Enforcement Administration, with which doctors must register to prescribe certain drugs. * Make the bill effective only after the date of enactment, meaning that doctors who participated in an assisted suicide or euthanasia prior to the bill's passage would not be penalized. In an interview after the Thursday meeting, Hatch said he regarded his version of the bill as an improvement. But he also said he did not consider it to be "the last word." "We're going to keep our minds open and see what we can do to make sure it's perfected as much as we can," he said. "Anybody can stop any bill right now on the floor . . . and I suspect that unless we have more of a bipartisan consensus, it will be stopped." Under Senate rules, any member can prevent a floor vote on a bill or nomination by placing it under a procedural "hold." Shortly after the Judiciary Committee voted, Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., did just that, denouncing the Judiciary Committee's vote in a floor speech. Wyden said he would ensure that the Senate gives the issue of assisted suicide its full attention rather than push through a bill with little debate. But he also said that he was overmatched by Republican leaders who pressed for support in the Judiciary Committee and could easily pass the bill by adding it to other legislation. "I think certainly Senator Nickles is busily looking for vehicles to attach it to this year," Wyden said. "We're going to have to be vigilant to be sure this isn't going to be railroaded through." Sen. Gordon Smith, R-Ore., said he and Hatch had discussed the bill and concluded that they shared a dilemma: Both would rather go slowly but would support Nickles' bill if pressed. "I have had long talks with Senator Hatch now, and I think he is trying to be sensitive to the complexities involved," Smith said. "But like Senator Hatch, if you push me to vote, I cannot as a matter of personal conscience vote to kill people in these circumstances." The debate about assisted suicide has come to a head in Congress in the past two weeks, thanks to an end-of-session push by Republican leaders, including Nickles and Rep. Henry Hyde, R-Ill., the House Judiciary chairman. Hyde began turning up the heat on the assisted suicide issue in early June, when he introduced a bill that served as the model for Nickles' proposal. The Hyde bill has been awaiting a floor vote since Sept. 17. But in the House, some members also have had second thoughts about moving too quickly on an issue that many have not had to confront and know little about. Opponents of the Hyde bill think they have raised enough questions to delay a vote at least until next year. In the Senate, Smith said caution and further study would be a better course. Now, he just has to convince Republican leaders. "I think perhaps some in leadership can be accused of pushing it too fast," Smith said. "But I think with the passing of time, many are seeing the complexity and the shades of gray in this issue and want to think it through." Assisted-suicide activists in Oregon continue to watch the issue in Congress. Barbara Coombs Lee, executive director of the Compassion in Dying Federation and a co-author of Oregon's law, was buoyed by Hatch's prediction that the bill is not likely to be voted on this year. "When the chair of the committee that considered the bill says that essentially he doesn't support it, I think that sends a strong message that this is a bad piece of legislation," Lee said. But Gayle Atteberry, executive director of Oregon Right to Life, said she thinks the mission of stopping assisted suicide has not been derailed. "I am quite positive they will work something out at some point," Atteberry said. "I'm really not dismayed at all."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study - Marijuana, Morphine Work On Same Area Of Brain (The Knight Ridder Newspapers Version In 'The Seattle Times' Of Wednesday's News About Cannabinoid Research By Ian Meng And Associates At The Medical School Of The University Of California At San Francisco) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 20:08:07 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Study: Marijuana, Morphine Work On Same Area Of Brain Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Smith Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Seattle-Times (WA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://seattletimes.com/ Author: Andrea Widener, Knight Ridder Newspapers STUDY: MARIJUANA, MORPHINE WORK ON SAME AREA OF BRAIN WALNUT CREEK, Calif. - A new study shows that the active ingredient in marijuana combats pain in the same part of the brain as morphine, potentially giving pot-for-pain advocates more fuel to make the prohibited drug available for suffering patients. Researchers at the University of California at San Francisco have shown for the first time that delta-9-THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, stops pain signals in the base of the brain before they reach pain-awareness centers. Doctors and patients have claimed for years that smoking marijuana helps their patients cope with immense pain caused by injuries or chronic diseases such as AIDS or cancer, based mostly on anecdotal evidence and studies conducted in the early 1970s. In 1996, California voters agreed and passed Proposition 215, which allows marijuana for medical uses. But scientific evidence has been lacking and, despite Prop. 215, federal law-enforcement agencies have shut down attempts to distribute the drug. The UC-San Francisco study and additional medical studies may be key to persuading federal agencies to let doctors use the drug, said Steve Heilig, director of the San Francisco Medical Society - the only medical organization to endorse Prop. 215 during the campaign. The UC-San Francisco animal study shows that THC affects the same part of the brain as morphine, a common treatment for severe pain. "There is absolutely no question that it has an impact," said Ian Meng, a post-doctoral researcher and primary author of the study, published today in the scientific journal Nature. "It was really clear." Research on humans has been unable to dissociate the drug's pain-numbing positives with its mind-altering side effects because they couldn't go into the brain and find out where the drug was working, Meng said. In recent years, several studies have shown that THC is effective in treating localized pain, such as that around wounds, and in stopping pain at the spinal cord. But none has shown if it worked in the brain to stop pain. Meng and other UC-San Francisco researchers injected rats with a synthetic form of the drug and tested the animals' response to pain. They compared the rats' reaction to THC with their reaction to morphine and found that both drugs work at the base of the brain near the spinal cord, turning off some pain messages and preventing others from being amplified as they travel to the brain regions that regulate how pain is perceived. "It is an important finding," said Michael Walker, a Brown University professor of psychology and neuroscience who has studied THC's impact on pain messages traveling through the spinal cord. "We previously showed that cannabinoids (marijuanalike drugs) suppress the response of stimuli, but we don't know much about how they do that." Although THC works on the same part of the brain as morphine, researchers found it does not work in the exact same way. That means further studies should examine whether the drugs could be used together to treat pain, Meng said. Other potential research areas include finding out exactly how THC works in the brain stem and exploring better ways to deliver the dose, such as by pill or inhaler, because smoking it damages the lungs.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Six Clubs' Federal Court Date Changed (A List Subscriber Notes The Hearing Scheduled September 28 On The Legality Of The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative And Other Northern California Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Has Been Postponed A Week, Until Monday, October 5)From: "ralph sherrow" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: email@example.com Subject: DPFCA: 6 clubs federal court date changed Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 20:26:38 PDT Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Hey boys and girls, Don't go to the federal court in San Francisco 9-28-98. The court date has been changed to 10-5-98. It is also a Monday. The time is 2:30 pm on the 5th of October, 450 Golden Gate Ave. San Fran. Judge Breyer's courtroom, as always. We need as much support as possible. Everybody that can make it, be there. See you there. Ralph
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'Los Angeles Times' Cartoon (Commentary On Wednesday's News That In The Last Seven Years, Appropriations For Higher Education In California Dropped 3 Percent While Prison Spending Rose 60 Percent) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 07:53:57 -0700 To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) From: Jim Rosenfield (email@example.com) Subject: CARTOON/LAT: Prisons as Minority Recruitment Program Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Source: LAT Date: Sept 25 1998 Attached Cartoon Jim Rosenfield firstname.lastname@example.org tel: 310-836-0926 fax: 310-836-0592 Visit http://www.insightweb.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pilot Dies In DEA Chopper Crash (According To An 'Associated Press' Story Broadcast By WFAA-TV In Texas, A Training Pilot Who Worked For Raytheon Aerospace Died Near Fort Worth, While DEA Pilot Matt Fairbanks Is Expected To Live) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 01:07:03 -0500 From: "robert w. frazier" (email@example.com) Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (email@example.com) Subject: Pilot dies in DEA chopper crash Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org WFAA-TV http://www.wfaa.com/news/9809/25/chopper.shtml Pilot dies in DEA chopper crash Drug Agency Chopper Crashes; One Dead Channel 8 News FORT WORTH, September 25 -- A Drug Enforcement Agency helicopter crashed north of Fort Worth today, killing one man and critically injuring another. It happened about 11:30 a.m. during a training flight just east of Eagle Mountain Lake. The helicopter slammed into a field and burst into flames. Based on a witness report, investigators say it's possible the pilot was trying a maneuver called an auto-rotation. "Just as it completed this turn, it began to descend, and he described it as a steep descent," said Georgia Snyder of the National Transportation Safety Board. "The descent continued, and the helicopter hit the ground. He then immediately -- after the ground impact -- saw the flames and drove over to render what assistance he could." The helicopter was a Hughes OH-6, a model which saw extensive use in the Vietnam War. The instructor who died in the crash was identified as Larry Steilen, 51. He was a training pilot who worked for Raytheon Aerospace. DEA pilot Matt Fairbanks, 34, was in critical condition Friday night, but he was expected to survive. Investigators hope he can help them determine what caused the crash. Reporter: Jim Douglas, The Associated Press Copyright 1998 WFAA-TV, Inc., a subsidiary of A.H. Belo Corporation
------------------------------------------------------------------- Wasteful Drug War (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The Rockford Register Star' In Illinois Notes The Government Estimates Its $17 Billion Federal Budget For A Small Part Of The War On Some Drug Users Reduces The Amount Of Drugs On The Maket By Only 3 Percent To 10 Percent) Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 19:13:04 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US IL: PUB LTE: Wasteful Drug War Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Rockford Register Star Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.rrstar.com/ Fax: 1-815-987-1365 Author: M. Simon WASTEFUL DRUG WAR Editor President Clinton's drug war budget is way out of balance. We spend 17 billion a year on the drug war (official government figures). Sixty percent or a little over 10 billion is spent on drug supply interdiction. Estimates are that this rate of spending reduces the amount of drugs on the maket by 3 to 10%. Suppose the spending went up to the 80% congress wants. Suppose it was done today. That would mean almost 14 billion for interdiction. Suppose this money was spent as effectively as current money. We would then be collecting between 4% and 14 % of all the drugs flowing into the country. Not much improvement. Let us stop messing around. To stop all drug flows into the country we would have to spend between $100 billion and $300 billion a year (the equivalent of a new Dept of Defence). If we can't spend it as effectively, then for $200 billion a year to $600 billion a year we could prevent drugs from coming in to the country. This would be in about the range of a Vietnam War. Fought in America. Continously. Forever. Why worry about where a piddling 9 million is going when there is real money at stake? If we are going to fight drugs taxes will have to go up. To keep them from going up too much we will have to reinstitute a draft. If this is a war let's get serious. If not let's quit. M. Simon Rockford, Illinois
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pesky Citizen-Made Law (A letter to the editor of The Tampa Tribune in Florida about the attempt in Congress to nullify Oregon's unique physician assisted suicide law notes the Republican Congress was elected in 1994 on a platform which included 'devolution' - returning power to the states. Instead, they are 'devolving' power to the DEA to thwart citizens' initiatives that the leaders of the House Judiciary Committee don't happen to like.) Date: Sun, 4 Oct 1998 03:20:01 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US FL: PUB LTE: Pesky Citizen-Made Law Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John Chase Source: Tampa Tribune (FL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.tampatrib.com/ Pubdate: Mon, 25 Sep 98 Author: John Chase PESKY CITIZEN-MADE LAW On September 18th you reprinted a New York Times editorial about Rep. Henry Hyde's misguided bill to allow the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) to punish any physician who prescribes lethal doses of drugs with the intent of assisting in a patient's suicide. Rep Hyde initiated it in response to the passage of an Oregon citizens' initiative to allow physician-aided death in certain specific situations. This bill is an example of how the House Judiciary Committee has begun to use the DEA to thwart citizen-made law of individual states. Oregon passed its Death With Dignity law not once but twice, even though opponents outspent proponents four to one. Michigan will vote on their own similar initiative this November. Florida is one of the few states east of the Mississippi whose constitutions allow citizen-made law. The same committee provided another example this week by persuading Congress to pass a 'sense of the house' resolution against future medical marijuana initiatives. The resolution is intended to pressure the citizens of the four states who will vote on medical marijuana initiatives this November. The Republican Congress was elected in 1994 on a platform which included 'devolution' - you know - returning power to the states. Instead, they are 'devolving' power to the DEA to thwart citizens' initiatives which the leaders of the House Judiciary Committee doesn't happen to like.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medicine Not Subject To 'Opinion,' But It Is At Mercy Of Politics (An Op-Ed In 'The St. Paul Pioneer Press' By Jacob Sullum, Senior Editor Of 'Reason' Magazine, About House Joint Resolution 117, The Anti-Medical Marijuana Vow Of Ignorance Recently Passed By The US House Of Representatives) From: Ethan Nadelmann (ENadelmann@sorosny.org) To: TLC_CANNABIS (TLCCANNABIS@sorosny.org), TLC_EN (TLCEN@sorosny.org) Subject: Jacob Sullum re med mj Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 22:07:48 -0400 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org -----Original Message----- From: davewest Sent: Friday, September 25, 1998 4:48 PM To: email@example.com Subject: Medicine ...at mercy of politics SOURCE: St. Paul Pioneer Press Pubdate: Sept 25, 1998 Author: Jacob Sullum Medicine not subject to 'opinion,' but it is at mercy of politics Polls consistently find that most Americans think patients who can benefit from marijuana should be able to obtain it legally. Yet the House of Representatives, on a vote of 310 to 93, recently approved a resolution saying it is "unequivocally opposed to legalizing marijuana for medicinal use." Rep. Bill McCollum, the Florida Republican who sponsored the resolution, told the Associated Press that "science cannot be based on opinion polls." Apparently, though, it cap be based on demagogic declarations by legislators terrified of seeming soft on drugs two months before an election. The resolution implies that marijuana .cannot be a medicine because it is "dangerous and addictive." Yet the Drug Enforcement Administration's chief administrative law judge has described marijuana as "one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man." Doctors prescribe a host of pharmaceuticals with side effects far more serious than marijuana's. They also prescribe a wide variety of narcotics, stimulants and sedatives that people have been known to use for nonmedical reasons. Since the federal government recognizes legitimate uses for powerful psychoactive substances such as morphine, cocaine and barbiturates, it's hard to see why marijuana should be excluded because of its potential for abuse. The House resolution does not dispute marijuana's effectiveness at relieving nausea and restoring appetite in patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy or suffering from AIDS wasting syndrome. But the resolution insists that "the use of crude marijuana for medicinal purposes is unnecessary" because adequate alternatives are available. Many patients disagree. They say they tried other nausea medications without success before finding relief by smoking marijuana. In a 1990 survey of oncologists, 44 percent said they had recommended marijuana to at least one patient. Marijuana's relative advantages as an antiemetic nevertheless remain controversial. So does its utility in treating other conditions, such as glaucoma, muscle spasms and chronic pain. But instead of calling for more research to help resolve these issues, the House has simply declared -- hardly scientifically -- that "marijuana is not a medicine." The Clinton administration, by contrast, officially favors gathering more data. After the 1996 elections, drug czar Barry McCaffrey and Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala condemned voters in Arizona and California for legalizing medical marijuana through ballot initiatives, circumventing the scientific process. McCaffrey and Shalala say marijuana's legal status should be determined by the government's experts. There are reasons to doubt that science is the administration's main concern. For U.S. research, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, is the only legal source of marijuana. But NIDA is not eager to share its stash with scientists investigating marijuana's medical utility. It's doubtful that bureaucrats are more reliable as arbiters of science than voters or legislators. In any case, the issue of who may use marijuana and under what circumstances will not be resolved on scientific grounds, because it is fundamentally a political question. The fact that the question has been raised may be encouraging, but the need to raise it is depressing. We long ago surrendered to the government the authority to determine what chemicals we may put into our bodies. Now we're just quibbling over the details. Sullum, who lives in New York, is senior editor of Reason magazine, Distributed by Creators Syndicate, which maintains a Web site (www.creators.com) from which Sullum can be emailed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Senate To Vote On Anti-Medicinal Marijuana Resolution (The Marijuana Policy Project In Washington, DC, Urges You To Write Letters To Your Two US Senators Asking Them To Oppose Senate Joint Resolution 56, The Anti-Medical Marijuana Legalism) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 18:13:01 -0400 From: Marijuana Policy Project (MPP@MPP.ORG) Reply-To: MPP@MPP.ORG Organization: Marijuana Policy Project To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: U.S. Senate to vote on anti-medicinal marijuana resolution Sender: email@example.com *** TO: Interested persons FROM: Robert D. Kampia, MPP director of government relations DATE: Friday, September 25, 1998 SUBJECT: Please ask your two U.S. senators to oppose S.J.Res. 56 *** On Monday, September 21, U.S. Sen. Charles Grassley (R-Iowa), along with U.S. Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Arizona) and U.S. Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), introduced Senate Joint Resolution 56 (S.J.Res. 56). This non-binding resolution is identical to the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution that passed the U.S. House of Representatives on September 15 (H.J.Res. 117) by a vote of 310 to 93. (You can view S.J.Res. 56 on-line at http://www.mpp.org/SJRes56.html.) S.J.Res. 56 -- which would declare the Senate's opposition to changing the medicinal marijuana laws until the FDA approves marijuana as a prescription medicine -- is now pending on the floor of the Senate. (The resolution went straight to the Senate floor after it was introduced; there was no debate or vote in committee.) Please fax, call, or write your two U.S. senators to ask them "to oppose Senate Joint Resolution 56, the anti-medicinal marijuana resolution." It is likely that the Senate will vote on this measure in the next two weeks, so please do not delay! If you are writing a letter, please consider using one of these three arguments: * Marijuana-using patients should not be arrested for using their medicine. By blindly adhering to the FDA drug approval process, the Senate would in effect be saying that patients should continue to be arrested until the FDA approves marijuana as a prescription medicine. * If Congress continues to support the status quo of hoping for more research while patients continue to be arrested, it will continue to be necessary to pass state initiatives and bills to remove criminal penalties for patients who have a medical need for marijuana. * Additional research into marijuana's medical uses should not be used as an excuse for further delay on changing the medicinal marijuana laws. While dozens of studies were conducted in the late 1970s and early 1980s which showed that marijuana has medical value for some people, there have been no new research studies in the last 15 years. With this track record, the FDA will not be approving marijuana anytime soon. (Reminder: If you have not already done so, please tell your U.S. representative what you think of his or her vote on H.J.Res. 117 last week. To determine how your U.S. representative voted, please see http://www.mpp.org/117votes.html.) *** To find out the names of your two U.S. senators, see http://www.senate.gov/senator/state.html. TO CALL: To call your U.S. senators' offices, please call the congressional switchboard operator at 202-225-3121. The operator will be able to give you the names and phone numbers of your two U.S. senators. TO FAX: To fax your U.S. senators, please call their offices for their fax numbers. TO WRITE: To write your two U.S. senators, please send brief letters to U.S. Sen. _______, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. 20510. TO E-MAIL: Please DO NOT e-mail your U.S. senators unless you have already called, faxed, or written. -END-
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'Drug Crazy' Goes Into Second Printing (The Media Awareness Project Forwards A 'Thank You' Note From Mike Gray, The Author Of The Seminal New History Of The War On Some Drug Users, Published By Random House) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 07:55:26 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: Richard Lake (email@example.com) Subject: DPFCA: DRUG CRAZY goes into second printing! (FWD) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Friends: I've just been advised by Random House that they have ordered a second printing of "Drug Crazy." This outstanding accomplishment came through the herculean efforts of you people and your organizations. The only way I can express my gratitude is to assure you that I'm in this battle for the long haul and I hope to be with you on the day of victory. Mike Gray *** Forwarded by: Richard Lake Senior Editor; MAPnews, MAPnews-Digest and DrugNews-Digest email: rlake@MAPinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/drugnews/ For subscription information see: http://www.MAPinc.org/lists/ Quick sign up for DrugNews-Digest, Focus Alerts or Newsletter: http://www.DrugSense.org/hurry.htm *** Information on the state and topic discussion lists supported by DrugSense is at: http://www.drugsense.org/lists/ *** The FACTS are at: http://www.drugsense.org/factbook/ *** "DRUG CRAZY: How We Got Into This Mess and How We can Get Out," is a gripping and dramatic review of the drug war over the last 100 years. It is being published by Random House. More at: http://www.drugsense.org/crazy.htm *** We also sponsor an interactive chat room for activists. Point your web browser to: http://www.mapinc.org/chat/ And join the discussion. The chat starts at about 9:00 p.m on Saturday and Sunday night Eastern time. Folks drop in and leave as their time allows over about a three hour period.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Morbidity And Mortality Weekly Report - Recommendations And Reports (A List Subscriber Forwards A Notice From The US Government About New Online Information) Date: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 08:57:58 -0500 (CDT) From: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: September 25, 1998 MMWR Recommendations and Reports(TOC) To: email@example.com ---- Begin Included Message ---- Date: Thu, 24 Sep 1998 15:22:00 -0400 Reply-To: mmwrq@CDC.GOV Sender: "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) - Table of Contents" (MMWR-TOC@LISTSERV.CDC.GOV) From: MMWR-Questions (MMWRQ@CDC.GOV) Subject: September 25, 1998 MMWR Recommendations and Reports (TOC) To: MMWR-TOC@LISTSERV.CDC.GOV The September 25, 1998 edition of the MMWR Recommendations and Reports is is now available in Adobe Acrobat format on the Internet. September 25, 1998/Vol. 47/No. RR-17 (file size 221,109 bytes) http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/mmwr_rr.html * Management of Possible Sexual, Injecting-Drug --- Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV, Including Considerations Related to Antiretroviral Therapy Public Health Service Statement The file type available is Adobe Acrobat (PDF). The PDF files, contain graphics and figures and are true representations of the hard copy of the MMWR. The Adobe Acrobat format requires an Adobe Reader (see instructions below on requesting the free reader). The Adobe Acrobat files will be e-mailed in uuencoded format. If your e-mail system does not automatically uudecode the file, you will need to uudecode the file manually. *** Unsubscribing from MMWR-TOC *** To remove yourself from MMWR-TOC, send a message to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.CDC.GOV with the following in the body of your message: SIGNOFF MMWR-TOC *** Accessing MMMWR Using E-mail *** If you have World-Wide Web (WWW) or File Transfer Protocol (FTP) capabilities, we strongly recommend that you access MMWR by using WWW or FTP rather than through e-mail. This is due to the large size of the PDF files and the complexity of sending e-mail to different systems. *** MMWR is available at: http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/mmwr.html and ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/mmwr *** ENTIRE ISSUES *** To obtain copies of the entire MMWR issues via e-mail, send a message to LISTSERV@LISTSERV.CDC.GOV with the following in the body of your message: GET MMWR LOG9809D If you have problems or questions, send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Overdose Death Target Of Third Investigation ('The Vancouver Sun' Says The Canadian Justice Department Is Reviewing The Overdose Death Of A Government Chemist Who Analysed Drugs Seized By Police To Determine What Impact The Death Will Have On Drug Prosecutions And Whether The Circumstances Of The 1997 Death Should Have Been Disclosed To Defence Lawyers) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 17:10:14 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: Overdose Death Target Of Third Investigation Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Vancouver Sun (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.vancouversun.com/ Pubdate: Friday 25 September 1998 Author: Lindsay Kines OVERDOSE DEATH TARGET OF THIRD INVESTIGATION The federal justice department is reviewing the overdose death of a government chemist who analysed drugs seized by police. Officials will try to determine what impact the death will have on drug prosecutions and whether the circumstances of the 1997 death should have been disclosed to defence lawyers. The Mounties don't share the justice department's concerns. "No drug prosecutions or investigations were put at risk as a result of the actions of this analyst," the RCMP said on Thursday. Vancouver lawyer Ken Young, who is defending a number of clients up on drug charges, said the chemist's death raises serious questions about where he obtained his drugs. "He had to get it somewhere, let's put it that way. Now, the question is, where did he get it?" Any case handled by the Burnaby lab -- whether Henry John Sadkowski was involved or not -- could be called into question, the lawyer said. As in the O. J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles, defence lawyers would be permitted to question the integrity of techniques used by lab analysts, Young said. He is reviewing his files, checking for cases in which Sadkowski was the analyst. Health Canada and the RCMP conducted separate investigations last year into the Burnaby lab where the chemist had worked for more than 20 years. They say the probes found no proof he had stolen narcotics from the lab or that any drug cases had been put at risk. Federal justice officials, however, say they only learned of the chemist's drug overdose when The Delta Optimist broke the story last week. Reporter Maureen Gulyas uncovered the bizarre tale while researching a series on drug use in the suburbs. "Because it's such a recent revelation, I'm simply starting to gather some information at this point to find out what steps we need to take in light of this information," Bob Prior of the federal prosecution service said Thursday. According to a coroner's report, Sadkowski, 51, died in his bed of a drug overdose in Delta on May 30, 1997. Tests showed Sadkowski had snorted a lethal mixture of cocaine and heroin -- more commonly known as a "speedball." Coroner Pat Harrison stated in his report that the cause of Sadkowski's death came as a "total shock to his family and co-workers." But tissue samples revealed the chemist "had been using cocaine for some time without the knowledge of those close to him." Once Health Canada learned the cause of death, it launched an internal review and asked Burnaby RCMP to conduct its own investigation. Greg Smith, western regional director of the health protection branch, said he wanted to find out what safeguards existed to prevent an employee from stealing drugs for personal use, and whether such a theft had occurred in this case. The lab -- one of six in Canada -- employs 11 to 12 analysts who primarily test drugs seized by police in B.C., Alberta and the Yukon.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Safe Site For Addicts 'Saved Lives' ('The Vancouver Sun' Says A Proposal To Set Up Four Safe-Injections Sites For Heroin Addicts In Vancouver, British Columbia, Was Debated For The First Time At A Meeting Thursday Night Of The Vancouver/Richmond Health Board - Ann Livingstone, One Of Five Committee Members Who Prepared The Proposal, Recounted An Unauthorized Site She Used To Oversee That Provided A Place To Escape The 'Death Camp' Which Is The Downtown Eastside, But It Was Shut Down By Police, Who Say It Had The Impact Of 'A Grenade' On The Safety And Security Of The Neighbourhood) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 17:10:04 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: Safe Site For Addicts 'Saved Lives' Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Source: Vancouver Sun (Canada) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.vancouversun.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 25 September 1998 Author: Cori Howard SAFE SITE FOR ADDICTS 'SAVED LIVES' A member of the Vancouver/Richmond health board panel that proposed safe-injection sites for drug addicts says an unauthorized site she used to oversee provided a place to escape the "death camp" that is the Downtown Eastside. Ann Livingstone was one of five committee members who prepared the proposal, debated for the first time at a health board meeting Thursday night, for four safe-injections sites. She said The Back Alley, at 356 Powell Street, was used by between 80 to 200 addicts three to four times a night. "It helped them save each other's lives and strengthen a sense of community," she said. The health board advanced the issue only slightly Thursday night, voting to further study the concept and to begin discussions with the federal and provincial governments, whose approval is necessary for the sites to go ahead. But for board member Bud Osborn, it was a positive step. "This shows addicts that someone cares," he said. "And if someone cares about you, you start to care about yourself." Osborn, a former addict himself, says there are other things that can be done in the meantime to stop the death toll from rising like installing public telephones and establishing a safe place for people to escape the drug scene. Livingstone, who works for the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users, said she doesn't believe either level of government will approve the proposal. She said the safe site she used to run, with a phone, TV, heat and needles, may have been in a substandard building, but she said it helped save lives. After about a year of operation, it was shut down by police, who say it had the impact of "a grenade" on the safety and security of the neighbourhood. Staff Sergeant Douglas MacKay-Dunn, who works at the neighbourhood safety office on Hastings, is shocked this matter is being revisited. He says safe-fixing sites are "a quick fix" that attract addicts and dealers from other parts of the province and other parts of the country. He said The Back Alley was shut down because people inside were dealing drugs. "They were around there like bees around honey," he said. "If you want to create a huge magnet to destroy a neighbourhood and community and further marginalize this community, you'll throw in safe-fixing sites." The difference between The Back Alley and the proposal currently being debated by the health board is the new site would be a health facility with nurses and medication, said Livingstone. If approved, the pilot project would include four safe-fixing sites: a free-standing site near the old Woodward's store; two sites "within" the Portland/Sunrise/Washington hotel group; and a fourth site near the Astoria Hotel. The proposal describes a uniquely West Coast amalgam of half coffee bar, half social service outlet. While the front coffee shop would offer coffee and snacks at "a nominal price," a space behind the coffee shop would provide private cubicles equipped with apparatus for injecting, mirrors, lockers for clients' belongings and washrooms with sinks. The report containing the proposal was commissioned by the board in July.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Arrests Of Two Drug Agents In Mexico Criticized (A 'New York Times' Article In 'The Chicago Tribune' Says Two Mexican Prohibition Agents Who Were Part Of An Anti-Drug Unit That Works Closely With The United States Were Preparing To Buy A Ton Of Marijuana From Tijuana Traffickers As Part Of A Buy-And-Bust Operation When They Were Arrested By Baja California State Police Summoned By One Of The Traffickers, And Charged With Kidnapping) Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 12:27:48 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Arrests Of 2 Drug Agents In Mexico Criticized Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (email@example.com) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 25 Sept 1998 Author: New York Times News Service ARRESTS OF 2 DRUG AGENTS IN MEXICO CRITICIZED TIJUANA, Mexico -- In a new case raising friction between American and Mexican law enforcement officials, two Mexican drug enforcement agents are in jail here on kidnapping charges that might have been trumped up by corrupt police working with traffickers. The two Mexican agents, part of an anti-drug unit that works closely with U.S. officials, were preparing to buy a ton of marijuana from Tijuana traffickers as part of a buy-and-bust operation when they were arrested by Baja California state police summoned by one of the traffickers. The traffickers, a father and son, have made protection payments to the state police who came to their rescue, according to testimony and Mexican and American government documents in court files. "The whole thing smells," said an American official familiar with the case. Several U.S. officials portrayed the arrest as the latest example of how pervasive corruption frustrates attempts to work with Mexican law enforcement. U.S. officials are perplexed because several Mexican Federal Police took part alongside the state police in arresting men who are, technically, their own colleagues. Mariano Herran Salvatti, who heads Mexico's Federal anti-narcotics agency, said in Mexico City on Thursday that he believes corrupt Baja state police were seeking vengeance against the two federal agents because, since their 15-member intelligence unit arrived in Tijuana in early September, it has made several large drug seizures. Baja state police, who have visited the two agents in jail, have asked them to name their undercover colleagues and commanders and to divulge the addresses of their undercover offices, Herran said. The state police also threatened to kill the federal agents, he said. The commander of the Baja California state police, Alvaro Castilla Gracia, insisted that the agents must stand trial, although he acknowledged that circumstances surrounding their arrest are more consistent with an undercover drug operation than a kidnapping. Since the agents' arrest on Sept. 11, he said, other kidnapping complaints have been filed against them. The two incidents for which the state authorities provided dates occurred before the federal agents say they arrived in Tijuana. The two agents, Eligio Garcia Reyes, 29, and Nicolas Carrillo Jimenez, 24, were recruited about a year ago into Mexico's elite anti-narcotics force, the Special Prosecutorial Agency for Drug Crimes, known by its Spanish acronym FEADS, as part of an effort to rejuvenate Mexico's discredited drug enforcement agencies with honest young agents. After passing lie detector tests and other examinations of their integrity, they were trained in investigative and intelligence procedures by Drug Enforcement Administration officers at an American training center in Leesburg, Va., according to Garcia and American officials.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US To Leave Unexploded Bombs Behind In Panama ('Reuters' Says The Admission Friday By US Military Officials That They Would Leave Behind Unexploded Ordnance In The Jungles Of The Panama Canal Zone When The United States Concludes Its 90-Year Military Presence In Panama Next Year Became An Issue After The United States And Panama Failed To Reach An Agreement On A Drug Interdiction Base That Would Have Extended The US Presence) Wire: US To Leave Unexploded Bombs Behind In Panama Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Reuters U.S. TO LEAVE UNEXPLODED BOMBS BEHIND IN PANAMA PANAMA CITY (Reuters) - U.S. military officials said Friday they will leave behind unexploded bombs buried in the jungles of the Panama Canal Zone when the United States concludes its 90-year military presence in Panama next year. The issue emerged as a source of conflict between the United States and Panama after the two sides failed Thursday to reach an agreement that would have extended the U.S. presence here with 2,000 troops into the next millennium. The United States is to hand over the famous Central American waterway to Panama on Dec. 31, 1999. ``Certainly there will be some areas with unexploded ordnance, but we are recommending that these places be restricted for limited use, as there is a great potential for injury out there,'' Lt. Col. Byron Connover, spokesman for U.S. forces in Panama, told Reuters. The Panama Canal Zone, a swath of land governed by the United States that runs through the middle of Panama on both sides of the 51-mile-long Panama Canal, was home to 12 military bases and as many as 12,000 troops at its peak. U.S. troops used some areas as testing zones for weapons. A 1977 treaty outlines every aspect of the handover of the canal, including the surrounding areas, and states that the United States must clean its bases of dangerous material using any "viable means." U.S. officials contend they have met the guidelines of the treaty but will be unable to remove all dangerous material. The United States and Panama had been negotiating terms for a multinational anti-drug base in the canal zone that would have ensured a continued U.S. military presence in the canal zone after the handover. Talks fell apart after the United States insisted on maintaining a longer presence and broader mandate than the Panamanians would allow. ``Panama has always maintained the position that although the (anti-drug base) has not been agreed upon, it does not take away the U.S. obligation to clean the bases before 1999,'' Panamanian Foreign Minister Jorge Ritter told reporters late Thursday after both sides announced that the anti-drug base plan had been scrapped. Fernando Manfredo, Panamanian co-director of the joint task force to clean up the area, was quoted in Thursday's La Prensa newspaper as saying, ``It is unacceptable for us that they leave without removing threats to life, health, and human security.'' Most of the area in question is hilly terrain in heavy jungle, making it inaccessible for normal cleanup techniques, Connover said. One U.S. official, who asked not to be identified, said: ''Panama's complaint about the firing ranges is like someone receiving a Mercedes and complaining there are ashes in the ashtray.''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Senior Detective Risked Officers For Bribe From Britain's Top Drug Baron (Britain's 'Independent' Says The Former Deputy Head Of The Merseyside Drugs Squad, Elmore Davies, Was Convicted Yesterday Of Disclosing Information To Pervert The Course Of Justice - A Detective Chief Inspector With 30 Years' Service And A Son In The Force, Davies Is The Most Senior British Police Officer Jailed For Corruption In Modern Times) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 10:02:06 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: UK: Senior Detective Risked Officers For Bribe From Britain's Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Independent, The (UK) Contact: email@example.com Mail: The Independent, 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DL, England Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Author: Jonathan Foster SENIOR DETECTIVE RISKED OFFICERS FOR BRIBE FROM BRITAIN'S TOP DRUG BARON Things began to go wrong for the drugs surveillance operation in the Liverpool 8 ghetto when the two old steel containers were drenched in petrol and set on fire. Someone had told the dealers that inside the containers was a front-line police observation post housing five "bizzies". The same fate befell the camera, recording deals from an empty upstairs flat through a tiny aperture drilled in a window sealed up with breeze blocks. Just to be sure, the dealers torched the flat, terrifying the old dear next door. The dealers were working with a bent cop, someone with advance knowledge of police operations who had by 1988 opened a hot line to the drug sellers around Granby Street. Down the road at Admiral Street police station, detectives began to suspect betrayal. Only a senior officer informed of all drugs policing could be so well-briefed about undercover operations. The name of the then deputy head of the Merseyside drugs squad, Elmore "Elly" Davies, was pencilled in the log of detectives under suspicion. Yesterday, he was convicted of disclosing information to pervert the course of justice. A detective chief inspector, with 30 years' service and a son in the force, Davies is the most senior British police officer jailed for corruption in modern times. He sold the inside line on an investigation to an organised crime syndicate. He tried to get the son of an alleged drugs baron off a firearms charge. He was to be paid UKP20,000. The trial dealt only with Davies's final act of corruption.There was no evidence about abortive exercises around dismal Granby Street during the 1980s, or the two years from 1990 when Davies was a chief of detectives in the Turks and Caicos Islands, on the Caribbean mainline for drug runs to Florida. What turned Davies crooked was in part a mix of brooding hubris and insecurity. In the witness box, his knuckle-size gold and ebony signet ring catching the light, he made awkward, embarrassing jokes. He agreed he had been passed over twice for promotion to superintendent and was too old for the sort of force Merseyside was becoming, too down-to-earth, too gold-chained Elly-the-lad. Then he was asked about a bugged chat in his sitting room, when he told Michael Ahearne, his friend Warrior from the Gladiators TV show - who was also jailed, with another associate, Tony Bray - that he was "very, very pissed off". He replied it was just a throwaway line, "a load of bullshit". When he was arrested, on 13 March last year, Davies was a chief inspector on UKP36,000 a year. Aged 50, proud, garrulous, twice-divorced, hard-living and a Freemason, he ran CID in Tuebrook division, Liverpool, where crimes are committed at the rate of one an hour. He had high hopes that a back "injury" would retire him soon from the force "on a nice pension - UKP500 a week in my hand just for sitting on my extremely fat arse". He reckoned he could work as a security consultant on cruise liners - "UKP500 a week and all your keep and ale". Davies was greedy for more money when, in July 1996, who should get in touch from exile in the Netherlands but Curtis Francis Warren, the country's 401st richest person, through his property holdings, according to the Sunday Times "Rich List", and the most successful British criminal ever captured. Warren was worth UKP180m, garnered from drugs dealing and smuggling on a grand scale, who needed a favour from a well-placed policeman. The son of a "business associate" was in trouble after shooting at a police officer - could Elly fix it for an appropriate payment? Davies agreed. Warren was riding his luck. He stood trial in 1992 charged with importing 18 lead ingots concealing a ton of cocaine, worth UKP260m. After being acquitted on a technicality, he told Customs officers as he left the court: "I'm just off now to spend my UKP87m and you can't touch me." Despite his brush with the courts, he resumed his transatlantic trade. "He was greedy," a Customs man said. "And there are no escape clauses in Colombian contracts. If they want you to carry on working for them, it's prudent not to quit." Warren assumed Customs officers were watching him, so he moved his cocaine concession to the Netherlands, but he was caught and last year began a 12-year jail term after bungling the import of 317kg of cocaine, 67kg of heroin, and 1.76 tonnes of cannabis. He was caught after Customs told Dutch police all about the semi-literate Scouser who had moved in to the mansion at 53 Hoofdstraat in Sassenheim. The Dutch listened to Warren's phone calls. Among the conversations were discussions about an attempted murder inquiry involving Philip Glennon, scion of a notorious Liverpool crime family who had amassed a fortune from drug-running. Warren's closest business associates included Philip "Philly" Glennon senior, father of Warren's lover, Stephanie, and chairman of his local Neighbourhood Watch. Each week he buys at least UKP25 of lottery tickets - driving to the newsagent in his Mercedes. Glennon junior's machismo had got the better of him on 14 July 1996. He quarrelled in the Venue nightclub, with members of the rival Ungi family and shot at the bouncer who threw him out, then fired at the constable who pursued him. The bouncer was allegedly paid UKP50,000 from Glennon. Next day, he retracted his statement. That left the officer's evidence and the gun. The family turned to Warren and Warren turned to Elly Davies. The incident had taken place on Davies's patch. Phone calls collected by the Dutch made clear that the detective chief inspector was only too keen to help. He could get information on anything Warren wanted. Elly was "made up" (delighted). While the Dutch had been bugging Warren, suspicions about Davies were growing in the Merseyside police and, in December 1996, they arranged for "friends" from another law enforcement agency to install a miniature microphone in Davies's sitting room. Merseyside police had justification for cocking an electronic ear to his sitting room. The microphone picked up Davies plotting to have the attempted murder investigation "boxed off". Davies disclosed to Warrior, and other Warren emissaries, forensic information, warnings about bugged telephones, and strategies to get Glennon junior bail. Warren was going to meet Davies in North Wales, but there was a delay and then Warren got arrested. Davies was heard on the secret bug saying if the appointment had been kept, that Warren "wouldn't be in prison in Holland. I would have said to him, 'Don't talk on the phone and don't go back to Holland'. I bet he would have paid UKP50,000 for that."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Police In Seven Forces Investigated For Drugs, Bribery And Robberies (Britain's 'Independent' Says More Than 110 Police Officers In At Least Seven Forces In England And Wales Are Being Investigated, Or Face Charges, In An Unprecedented Series Of Anti-Corruption Inquiries) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 10:16:57 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: UK: Police in Seven Forces Investigated for Drugs, Bribery and Robberies Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Independent, The (UK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Author: Jason Bennetto and Jonathan Foster POLICE IN SEVEN FORCES INVESTIGATED FOR DRUGS, BRIBERY AND ROBBERIES MORE than 110 police officers in at least seven forces in England and Wales are being investigated, or face charges, in an unprecedented series of anti-corruption inquiries. There are at least 25 investigations into allegations of wrongdoing by police officers, involving a wide range of suspected offences, including taking bribes, planning robberies and providing confidential information to criminals. The scale of the national anti-corruption drive emerged as Detective Chief Inspector Elmore Davies, of the Merseyside force, was jailed yesterday for five years for selling sensitive police information for UKP20,000 to a crime syndicate. A senior officer said last night: "It has not been politically convenient to accept there is a growing danger of corruption. But this is the policing issue for the next century." Merseyside Police said a special team formed to investigate Davies, described in court as "a bent copper stewed in corruption", would continue its work. The Chief Constable, Sir James Sharples, said: "This took place when there was a large amount of shooting between various gangs. There was a considerable danger to the community of Merseyside." Superintendent Phil Jones, of Merseyside Police, said the case had revealed the vulnerability of British police officers to corruption and the "fabulous" bribes that drug dealers could offer. "Officers have seen their income decrease sharply as overtime and allowances have been abolished. At the same time, the money at the disposal of the drug dealers has become huge. It has not been politically convenient to accept there is a growing danger of corruption. But this is the policing issue for the next century." Davies became the most senior policeman to be convicted of corruption for almost three decades when a jury at Nottingham Crown Court decided he had perverted the course of justice in return for UKP20,000 from one of Europe's biggest drug traffickers. Bugged phone calls and conversations caught Davies, 50, betraying personal details of a police constable shot at while arresting a gunman outside the Venue nightclub, Liverpool, in July 1996. Two accomplices, including his friend Michael Ahearne, who played Warrior in the TV show Gladiators, were convicted of perverting the course of justice. Ahearne, 36, was sentenced to 15 months, and Tony Bray, 38, was jailed for three years. The three, all from the Wirral, Merseyside, had denied a total of six charges. Davies passed case notes and advice through intermediaries to Curtis Warren, a drug dealer with a fortune estimated at UKP180m.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Weed Takes The Bloom Off Prizewinning Floral Display (Britain's 'Guardian' Says That After Civic Leaders In Glastonbury Gave The First Prize For The 'Glastonbury In Bloom' Competition To The Shop, In Harmony With Nature, The Police Busted The Owner, Free Rob Cannabis, For Including 13 Tiny Plants With Distinctive Leaves Among His Award-Winning Arrangement Of Chrysanthemums, Roses And Heathers - Glastonbury's Deputy Mayor, Alan Gloak, Said Cannabis Plants In The Town's Displays Were 'Endemic' - 'People Scatter These Seeds All Over The Place') Date: Sun, 27 Sep 1998 06:50:27 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: UK: Weed Takes The Bloom Off Prizewinning Floral Display Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998 Source: Guardian, The (UK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Author: Geoffrey Gibbs WEED TAKES THE BLOOM OFF PRIZEWINNING FLORAL DISPLAY Civic leaders in Glastonbury liked the tubs and hanging baskets full of colourful plants, which brightened up one of the town centre shops. So much so, that they awarded the shop, In Harmony With Nature, a first prize in the Glastonbury in Bloom competition. But the police were less impressed. They discovered, among the chrysanthemums, roses and heathers, 13 tiny plants with distinctive leaves. Swiftly, the plants were uprooted and Free Rob Cannabis, the shop owner, was arrested - on suspicion of cultivating an illegal drug. Mr Cannabis, aged 31, who changed his name from Robert Christopher last year as part of his campaign to get the substance legalised, has been bailed while the plants are analysed. But Glastonbury's deputy mayor, Alan Gloak, who chaired the floral judging panel, said cannabis plants in the town's displays were "endemic". Council workers had had to remove them from around the war memorial and from other tubs. "People scatter these seeds all over the place," he said. Mr Cannabis sells hemp products, such as clothing and wallets, and a big plastic cannabis plant stands like an object of worship in his shop window. He denied sowing the plants now under scrutiny, but said: "It is my belief that the cannabis plant is a gift of God and its attempted prohibition is in itself a crime. At my trial I shall present evidence that proves... the Misuse of Drugs Act contravenes 11 articles and all five principles of the UN Declaration of Human Rights. It will be to the jury to judge on the legality of this... harmful law." Mr Cannabis, who was last year convicted of possession of a controlled drug after trying to give a cannabis plant to the Home secretary, is planning to press for the drug's legalisation by leading a peace pipe ceremony at Speaker's Corner, Hyde Park, London, this weekend, which will mark the 70th anniversary of cannabis prohibition in the UK.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online With DRCNet, Issue Number 60 (The Drug Reform Coordination Network's Original Summary Of Drug Policy News And Calls For Action, Including - DRCNet Nearing The 7,000 Mark - Your Voice Needed; Alert - Congress Considers Jailing Children With Adults; Alert - From The Andean Information Network; Canadian Hemp Shop Bust Aided By US Agents; Media Note - CBS Drama To Highlight Medical Marijuana; Volunteers Needed For Washington, DC Medical Marijuana Initiative; New Study Indicates That Cannabis Relieves Pain; Drug War Militarization Bill Passes House Over Objections Of Colombia; Background On Juvenile Justice Bill; Massacre In Ensenada, Mexico Hits Close To US; Minnesota Marijuana Law Faces Constitutional Challenge In Court Case; Human Rights Activists Accuse Russian Police Of Planting Drugs; National Conference On Prisons This Weekend; Editorial - Repentance For The Drug War) Date: Mon, 26 Oct 1998 01:35:54 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: DRCNet (email@example.com) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #60 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #60 -- September 25, 1998 A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network -------- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -------- (To sign off this list, mailto: email@example.com with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) (This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html -- web version will be available by noon.) PERMISSION to reprint or redistribute any or all of the contents of The Week Online is hereby granted. We ask that any use of these materials include proper credit and, where appropriate, a link to one or more of our web sites. If your publication customarily pays for publication, DRCNet requests checks payable to the organization. If your publication does not pay for materials, you are free to use the materials gratis. In all cases, we request notification for our records, including physical copies where material has appeared in print. Contact: Drug Reform Coordination Network, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, (202) 293-8340 (voice), (202) 293-8344 (fax), e-mail email@example.com. Thank you. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. DRCNet Nearing the 7,000 Mark -- Your Voice Needed http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#voice 2. ALERT: Congress Considers Jailing Children With Adults http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#juvejust 3. ALERT: from the Andean Information Network http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#ain 4. On The Web http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#web 5. Canadian Hemp Shop Bust Aided by U.S. Agents http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#uscanada 6. Hemp B.C. Business License Hearing Scheduled for Next Week http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#hempbc 7. MEDIA NOTE: CBS Drama to Highlight Medical Marijuana http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#medianote 8. Volunteers Needed for Washington, D.C. Medical Marijuana Initiative http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#dc59 9. New Study Indicates that Cannabis Relieves Pain http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#painrelief 10. Drug War Militarization Bill Passes House Over Objections of Colombia http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#militarize 11. Background on Juvenile Justice Bill http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#juvejust2 12. Massacre in Ensenada, Mexico Hits Close to U.S. http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#ensenada 13. Minnesota Marijuana Law Faces Constitutional Challenge in Court Case http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#minnesota 14. Human Rights Activists Accuse Russian Police of Planting Drugs http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#russians 15. National Conference on Prisons This Weekend http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#conference 16. EDITORIAL: Repentance for the Drug War http://www.drcnet.org/wol/060.html#editorial *** 1. DRCNet Approaching 7,000 Mark -- Your Voice Needed As autumn approaches in the United States, new subscribers are signing on to DRCNet, and our numbers have broken 6,900 and are rapidly approaching 7,000. Think about the letters hundreds of you have sent to Oklahoma (see alert summary below), and think how much impact you will have for drug policy reform when those hundreds turn into thousands and tens of thousands. We need your help to get there. Here are a few ways you can be involved: 1) Take Action: Keep watching for our alerts and write those letters, make those phone calls, let the powers that be know that we are there, that we vote and that we want a new drug policy. Send copies of your letters, or just short notes letting us know how you are using our alerts and information; write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or just reply to any of our bulletins. 2) Join DRCNet: About 1,050 of you have made a donation of some size to DRCNet. We need help from all of you to keep the organization healthy and able to pay its staff -- and eventually to prospect for members, take out ads, the sky's the limit -- it depends on you. Your money goes further than you think, as each month we report to our major donors on how many new members have come on board and how much members have donated. Your financial support for DRCNet is a vote of confidence that gives our donors confidence to invest in the organization -- making much more possible and enabling us to advance the cause further and further. DONATE $35 OR MORE AND GET A FREE COPY OF SHATTERED LIVES: PORTRAITS FROM AMERICA'S DRUG WAR -- to donate, use our form at https://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi (encrypted transmission, especially for credit card donations), or http://www.drcnet.org/cgi-shl/drcreg.cgi (no encryption, recommended you print it out and mail in with a check), or just send your check or money order to: DRCNet, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. 3) Recruit: Our Rapid Response Team/Week Online e-mail list is free to all interested parties. Send your friends or local reporters to http://www.drcnet.org or http://www.stopthedrugwar.org to fill out our "quick-signup" form, and they will be in touch with the issue every week, getting all the most important news and action items in the war over the war on drugs. (Please don't sign them up without their prior permission.) Another great way to get the word out is to redistribute our articles and get them reprinted online or in print -- see our reprint policy at the top of this issue. 4) Eyegive: Nearly 500 of you have signed up for the eyegive online fundraising program, raising $20 a day for DRCNet -- $6,000 a year -- and growing fast! You can raise needed funds for the organization, without spending a penny, just by visiting http://www.eyegive.com and clicking on the page 1-5 times, any day that you can -- one person pointing and clicking for just a few seconds each day can earn DRCNet up to $125 a year! Point your web browser to http://www.eyegive.com/html/ssi.cfm?CID=1060 to automatically select DRCNet as your recipient non-profit. 5) Gather Information: Let us know what's going in the drug war and drug reform efforts in your region. Events, incidents, legislation, local organizations, all of this will help us make DRCNet maximally useful. Thank you for your participation! *** 2. ALERT: Congress Considers Jailing Children with Adults A barbaric, extremist bill sponsored by Rep. Bill McCollum (R-FL), for which House leaders were not able to gain support in the Senate, has been attached as an amendment to a highly popular bill funding programs for missing children. S. 2073 would require schools to expel students caught with possession of small quantities of drugs, give prosecutors unreviewable power to try children as young as 14 as adults, whether or not violence was involved in the offense, would allow these children to be incarcerated with adult offenders, remove judicial discretion in sentencing, and force states to focus on punitive approaches to juvenile crime instead of positive alternatives. Please call your two Senators at (202) 225-3121 and President Clinton at (202) 456-1111 -- or send faxes for free through the ACLU's web site at http://www.aclu.org/action/juvenile.html. *** 3. ALERT: from the Andean Information Network (From Lee Cridland, 9/23, concerning the state of negotiations between the Bolivian Government (GOB) and the cocaleros.) On August 10, the coca growers from the Chapare started a peaceful and legal march to La Paz to take their demands to the seat of the national government. The march was the culmination of a series of protest against the militarization and violence in the tropics since April 1. The growers' demands are as follows: 1. Demilitarization of the Chapare region. As of April 1 the entire zone has been militarized and troops are being used to forcibly eradicate coca plants. The entrance of the military into the zone and into the antinarcotics forces has increased violence and human rights violations, especially during eradication operations. Fifteen people have died during confrontations, including two policemen. The military, as well as UMOPAR (drug police) and the Ecological Police, are reported to be participating in robberies, beating and torture during eradication operations. 2. Compliance by the GOB with the treaty signed October of 1997 with the cocaleros. This is the treaty that was signed at the end of last year which enabled the GOB to be certified by the U.S. government and continue to receive certain categories of foreign aid. The coca growers agreed to voluntarily eradicate 3,600 hectares of coca before December 1st 1997. The Bolivian government in turn agreed to several still unfulfilled promises including the development of an agricultural- industrial complex which would advance alternative development in the region. 3. Dialogue over various components of the GOB infamous Five Year Plan which calls for the eradication of all illegal coca in the country during Banzer's term. This plan, which proposes to be a product of national consensus, has in fact never been debated by the county's Congress or any of their standing committees. Cocaleros as well as other sectors of civilian society would like the plan to be analyzed, especially those sections of the plan which are in violation of the already existing antinarcotic law, Law 1008. 4. Compensation for those families who lost members during the violent confrontation in April and May of this year. The cocaleros, accompanied by other sections of the popular movement, including the COB, arrived in La Paz on August 31 and found the doors to the negotiating table closed. On September 14, approximately 50 cocaleros, including the president of the union, Evo Morales, entered into an indefinite hunger strike. After much pressure from human rights organization and unions, the Catholic church has agreed to serve as negotiator. This is viewed as a positive step and it is now up to the GOB to agree to enter in negotiations. In a national meeting last weekend, the cocaleros gave the government a week to demonstrate good will toward serious negotiations. If progress isn't seen by September 28, they intend to once again block the main highway between Cochabamba and Santa Cruz. The following day, the government announced the movement of more military units into the area and guaranteed the right of passage for all. Monsignor René Fernandez responded by stating "that the church wants to approach both sides in a dialogue. The problem of the coca is complex, but we understand that the innocent citizens of Chapare should not be punished." AIN and other organizations in the country believe that negotiations are the only manner in which further violence and ultimately deaths can be avoided. It is crucial that the GOB understand that the international community is aware that the decision rests with them. The willingness of the government to negotiate is critical in preventing further escalation of violence in the region. AIN is asking that letters be sent to the President and Minister of Government asking them not to follow the path of further violence but to instead agree to sit down at the bargaining table and begin to search for peaceful resolution to the conflict. Please send your letter this week and e-mail a copy to AIN at email@example.com (and as always to DRCNet at firstname.lastname@example.org). Minister of Government Guido Nayar Avenida Arce Esq. Wahaya La Paz Bolivia Fax: 591 2 370460 President of the Republic Hugo Banzer Palacio de Gobierno La Paz Bolivia fax: 591 2 359779 *** 4. On the Web WAR OR PSEUDO-WAR? -- A new article by Joseph Miranda, editor of California Liberty and DRCNet's consultant on military affairs, appears in this month's edition of "Social Justice" magazine. Social Justice is not an online publication, but an earlier version of the article is online at http://home.earthlink.net/~jamiranda/pseudowar1.html, and Social Justice can be contacted at SocialJust@aol.com. See another of Miranda's articles on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/military. FOCAL POINT: MARIJUANA REGULATION -- The Lindesmith Center presents its newest collection of full-text documents, examining the causes and consequences of cannabis decriminalization in various countries as well as proposals for the responsible regulation of cannabis. These articles, studies, reports and papers were collected in conjunction with "Regulating Cannabis: Options for Control in the 21st Century," the September 5, 1998 symposium in London. See http://www.lindesmith.org/library/focal4.html. *** 5. Canadian Hemp Shop Bust Aided by U.S. Agents On September 17, the Vancouver Province reported that U.S. military agents had participated in the undercover investigation of Hemp B.C. and the Cannabis Cafe which lead to a raid on the hemp stores last April. According to court documents, four U.S. Navy agents were escorted by local police to Hemp B.C., where they attempted to purchase marijuana. The U.S. agents were not successful, but their involvement has raised eyebrows among Canadians, who are concerned about the reach of the U.S. Drug War into a country in the midst of its own dialogue about drug policy. Simon Fraser University criminology professor Neil Boyd told the Province that the Navy's participation "raises questions about...who is really controlling drug policy in Vancouver." Vancouver Police were not available for comment at press time. *** 6. Hemp B.C. Business License Hearing Scheduled for Next Week The Vancouver City Council is set to hold a "show-cause" hearing on September 29 to determine whether Hemp B.C. should be granted a business license. City officials have so far denied Hemp B.C.'s application for a license, disputing Shelley Francis' ownership of the store and citing criminal charges pending against the store's founder and former owner, Marc Emery. Hemp B.C. encourages Vancouver residents to meet at City Hall on September 29 to show their support for the store. To read Hemp B.C.'s description of the problem, and to learn about the $1,000,000 suit they have filed against the City of Vancouver, visit their web site at http://www.hempbc.com. *** 7. MEDIA NOTE: CBS Drama to Highlight Medical Marijuana DRCNet has been informed that next Monday's episode (9/28) of the CBS medical drama "L.A. Doctors" will deal with the issue of medical marijuana. We do not know whether the subject will be dealt with in a positive or a negative light, or whether it will be factually accurate. Let's check it out and tell CBS what we think next week. *** 8. Volunteers Needed for Washington, D.C. Medical Marijuana Initiative Supporters of Initiative 59, which would allow for the possession and use of marijuana for medicinal purposes in the nation's capitol, are looking for volunteers. D.C. residents can help by making phone calls, putting signs up in their yards, flyering neighborhoods and parking lots, or just registering to vote and making it to the polls. To volunteer call (202) 546-2845 -- ask for Troy or Marc, send e-mail to MarcBrandl@mpp.org or fax to at 202-232-0442. *** 9. New Study Indicates that Cannabis Relieves Pain Dr. Ian Meng and researchers from the University of California at San Francisco released the results of a report this week (9/23) which indicates that cannabinoids act upon the same part of the brain as morphine and, while they effect the brain differently, reduce pain without the unpleasant side effects or the threat of addiction commonly associated with opiates. The study, conducted with a synthetic drug that mimics marijuana, showed that cannabinoids affect the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM), an area of the braid responsible for the sensation of pain. "These results indicate that the marijuana-like drug can reduce pain by affecting the same pain modulating neurons as morphine, but through separate mechanisms" said Meng. Meng continued, "the implications for future development or treatment would be looking at different combinations of therapies, a lower dose of morphine combined with a low dose of cannabinoid. Perhaps you could eliminate the nausea (caused by the opiates) or at least reduce it and increase the pain-killing effects." *** 10. Drug War Militarization Bill Passes House Over Objections of Colombia H.R.4300, the "Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act," which would target more than $200 Million in military and related aid to Colombia passed the house last week (9/16) by a vote of 384-39. The overwhelming victory came despite the protestations of both U.S. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey and newly elected Colombian President Andres Pastrana, who is in the midst of negotiations aimed at ending his nation's 35 year-old civil war. Of major concern to Pastrana is an amendment to the bill stipulating that the aid will not be forthcoming if Pastrana's plan to withdraw troops from a swath of Colombia's southern region as part of his negotiations with guerilla leaders interferes with counternarcotics efforts in the area. Pastrana has worried U.S. drug warriors with his recent statements regarding the unworkability of aerial herbicide sprayings of coca and opium-producing regions, a favorite U.S. drug warrior program. Disagreement over the sprayings came to a head earlier this month when Ruben Olarte Reyes, the anti-drug chief of the new Pastrana government, publicly stated that the use of Tebuthiuron, an herbicidal substance favored by the U.S. State Department, "is not on the agenda." The U.S. has pushed Colombia to use Tebuthiuron, a granular substance that can be dropped from much higher altitudes than traditional liquid herbicides, despite warnings from its manufacturer, Dow Chemical, that such uncontrolled application could be hazardous both to people and to desirous plant life in the Andean region (see http://www.drcnet.org/wol/47.html#herbicide). Despite broad support among drug war hawks for the strategy and increasing implementation of herbicidal eradication, it has been estimated that during the past four years coca cultivation in Colombia has doubled to nearly 80,000 hectares. According to Reyes, "Unfortunately, we have to recognize that crop eradication, in the manner that it has been carried out so far, has failed. There is no doubt that there will have to be a profound revision of the crop eradication program." Pastrana, elected by a wide margin this year, has already shown great determination in fulfilling his mandate to end Colombia's horrific and longstanding civil war. Almost immediately after his election, Pastrana took his life in his hands by traveling into guerrilla-controlled territory for a face to face meeting with the opposition's legendary leader, 68 year-old Manuel Marulanda, to discuss possible scenarios for ending the three-sided conflict. At the heart of the struggle is the issue of agrarian and economic reform. But the presence of the drug crops, and their prohibition-enhanced value, has become inexorably intertwined in the struggle as drug money feeds and arms each side to one degree or another. On Sunday (9/20) President Pastrana, speaking from Bogota, accused Republican lawmakers of politicizing the issue. "They politicized it for Colombia, and it's the worst thing that has happened to us in the last four years" and that they (Republicans) were narrowly focused on "the simple thesis of an all-out war against drug trafficking" to the detriment of a delicate and complex process of peace in the war-torn nation. Pastrana praised U.S. Democrats, saying that they, at least, understand that "we can't just talk about repression, fumigation and eradication." Barry McCaffrey this week called on the Senate to reject H.R. 4300 (now S. 2341), saying that while the money was important, the stated goals of the bill (including an 80% reduction in the flow of illegal narcotics into the US) were "completely unrealistic" and not tied to a coherent strategy. He said that the bill's passage in the House might well have been driven by election year politics and decried micromanagement by legislation. Pastrana quickly arranged for a trip to Washington, set for Thursday (9/24), during which he will come to Capitol Hill to speak with House and Senate leaders. Pastrana had already been scheduled to visit the United Nations in New York earlier in the week. Before beginning his meetings on Thursday, Pastrana told the press, "The peace process is moving on." Pastrana's schedule included meetings with senior House members, including Rep. Benjamin Gilman (R-NY), chairman of the International Relations Committee, as well as Rep. Lee Hamilton, the committee's ranking Democrat, and members of Congress' Hispanic Caucus. Contacted by The Week Online, an official at the Colombian Embassy said, "There are three topics which will be discussed, and these are all intertwined. The peace process, eradication, and bilateral cooperation. I cannot say what the content of President Pastrana's message will be, only that he will come with a large amount of information. It is our hope that after these talks, many things will be clarified, as there currently seem to be some misunderstandings between the parties, perhaps particularly with regard to the House of Representatives. We believe, however, that this visit will mark a very important juncture in the relationship between the countries." As to the question of the U.S. Congress overstepping the bounds of Colombia's sovereignty, the official would say only ,"The one thing that is clear is that the decision about where, when and how much the United States will help Colombia is a decision to be made by the United States government. It is their prerogative. The process and the relationship between our two countries is an ongoing one, and we feel that President Pastrana will move that relationship forward with his visit tomorrow." *** 11. Background on Juvenile Justice Bill - Shawn Heller (This article provides further information on the legislative process surrounding the Juvenile Crime Control Act, alert for which appears above.) On 9/15, Rep. Bill McCollum, with five other House Republicans, attached a controversial trailer (Juvenile Crime Control Act of 1997) onto a bill introduced by Senator Orrin G. Hatch last spring (S. 2072). This bill was intended to authorize appropriations for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. The trailer, H.R. 3, would give federal prosecutors the power to remove cases involving juvenile offenders from the state court system and try them in adult federal criminal court. If this bill passes, children as young as 13 will be placed in adult federal criminal prisons and jails with adult criminals, both before trial and after conviction. H.R. 3 is the House version of the Senate Bill S. 10, which has been under much scrutiny in the Senate because of its controversial features. The Senate has not engaged in a significant floor debate and has not come to any majority decision on S. 10. However, it has now bypassed Senate debate and has been handed over to its supporters in the House/Senate Conference Committee for their stamp of approval. In the minority view, published in the Committee Report on S. 10, Senators Leahy, Kennedy, Biden, Kohl, Feingold and Durbin write: "This bill chooses sound bite over sound policy. It reacts to the headlines about remorseless young criminals committing horrific crimes with a hodgepodge of so-called "get tough" fixes, an amalgam of good and bad ideas on how to spend federal funds, and one-size "Washington-knows-best" approach to juvenile crime that will undoubtedly worsen the juvenile crime problem." Shannon Gravitte, press secretary for Rep. McCollum, told The Week Online, "In May 1997 H.R. 3 passed the house and is a compromise to the Senate's S. 10." She went on to say that they are not using roundabout methods to attach H.R. 3 to S. 2073, rather that there is language in S. 2073 that allows for such procedural bypass of debate. Although H.R. 3 has been amended in the House, it has not been debated or amended by the full Senate, nor will it. The final bill will not be subject to amendment or debate; rather, the bill, as amended, will come to a "yes" or "no" vote by the full Senate. Hence, the Senate may enact H.R. 3 without having the chance to ever amend the proposal, causing radical changes in the relationship between the federal government and the states regarding juvenile crime. Opponents of the bill include Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court William Rehnquist and the Children's Defense Fund. *** 12. Massacre in Ensenada, Mexico hits close to U.S. - Marc Brandl At approximately 4:30am, Thursday, 18 family members, including two teenagers, six children, and one infant, where led out of their bedrooms at gun point, lined against a patio wall and gunned down with eighty bullets coming from nine or ten AK-47 wielding gunmen. The incident happened in a sleepy suburb of the Mexican resort town of Ensenada, a popular destination for American tourists, only a ninety minute drive from the U.S. Mexico border and home to hundreds of American ex-patriots. The gruesome scene of the shooting, shown across Mexico and on several Spanish language U.S. channels, depicted a line of bloodied bodies still in their sleepwear with the children holding on to their toys and teddy bears. The cause behind the Ensenada massacre is believed to be a rivalry between two Mexican drug cartels. Fermin Castro, one of the only survivors, in critical condition with gunshot wounds to the head and body, is allegedly in charge of marijuana cultivation for the Arellano Felix drug gang which controls the drugs flowing through the Southwestern corridor into the U.S. The lead theory at this point is that it was drug traffickers retaliating for the killing of drug kingpin Munoz Talavera, who are thought to control the Ciudad Juarez-El Paso section of the border. Both groups are thought to have been violent rivals for sometime. "If this was indeed retaliation, whoever did it sent a heck of a message to the Arellano Felix gang," Phil Jordan, a Dallas security specialist and former senior agent with the DEA told the Dallas Morning News on Friday, 18th. "It's the kind of drug-related violence that puts Mexico one step closer to Colombia. It's not good for Mexico, and it's not good for the United States. And as long as narco-political corruption exists in Mexico, I don't think the situation will get any better." John Walsh, a research associate for Drug Strategies concurs. "There is a recognition that the way the Mexicans have taken over cocaine trafficking from the Colombians has emboldened them in terms of corruption and the level of violence. This incident falls into that category. But even if the situation doesn't become as dire as Columbia, the fact that its on our border makes it a serious situation." So far the investigation into the massacre has had few leads. Mexican officials did find a cache of guns nearby that may have been used in the killings, but as of press time no suspects have been brought into custody, and few local residences are willing to talk. The violence along the border "continues to be a concern," said John Woodard, chief of staff to Rep. Brian Bilbray (R- CA). Woodard told the WOL, "We've seen similar drug related incidents in Coronado and San Diego. It's obvious this type of stuff spreads across the border." Rep. Bilbray's 49th Congressional district begins the western border between Mexico and the U.S. and continues along past the two main Southwestern border checkpoints leading into Tijuana. In the past Rep. Bilbray has supported the certification of Mexico as a drug war ally , but with incidents such as this and several high profile drug corruption related cases in the Mexican military and police, "it's too early to tell whether he'll support certification" again when it comes up for a vote next spring in the 106th Congress. *** 13. Minnesota Marijuana Law faces Constitutional Challenge in Court Case On Tuesday (9/29), the Minnesota Court of Appeals will hear oral arguments in the criminal appeal of Thomas Wright, who was earlier convicted on a marijuana charge. Wright is arguing that the state's marijuana prohibition is in violation of the Minnesota Constitution, Article XIII, Section 7, which states, "Any person may sell or peddle the products of the farm or garden occupied and cultivated by him without obtaining a license therefore." During Wright's trial, his attorney, Randall Teague, made a motion for dismissal based on A13, S7, explaining to Judge Alan Oleisky that the state cannot have the greater power of making marijuana completely illegal if it does not have the lesser power of requiring a license. Teague produced evidence that marijuana was a "product of the farm or garden" in 1906 when the section was voted into the Minnesota constitution, and continued to be so until 1935 when the state adopted the Uniform Narcotics Control Act and its optional marijuana provision. He argued that the state's controlled substances act says that you can be in legal possession and be a manufacturer if you have a license through the board of pharmacy. Wright told The Week Online, "The truth of the matter is that the truth doesn't matter. The logic of my claim is undeniable but I know that they'll develop a legal construct that usurps the right of farmers. No matter, though, I'm prepared to take this to the Supreme Court." *** 14. Human Rights Activists Accuse Russian Police of Planting Drugs On Monday (9/22), human rights activists in the former Soviet Union accused Russian police of planting drugs on innocent persons. At a press conference in Moscow, human rights activist Lev Ponomaryev told reporters that "an organization of crooked policemen... are persecuting people who have nothing to do with drugs" and that the police were acting "either under orders, or else to embellish their own track records." Sergei Bachinin, editor in chief or the newspaper Vyatski Nabliodatel, who was arrested last year after police allegedly found less than a gram of marijuana in his office, headed the inquiry into the corruption. He told reporters that he was "convinced that there are many files falsified with the help of fake testimonies and provocation." *** 15. National Conference on Prisons This Weekend "Critical Resistance: Beyond the Prison Industrial Complex", a national conference on the rise and destructiveness of the world's largest prison state, will be held this weekend (9/25-9/27) at the University of California at Berkeley. Featured speakers will include Angela Davis, Gloria Steinem and the 1998 MacArthur "Genius Award" winner Ellen Barry of the San Francisco-based Legal Services for Prisoners With Children. For more information call (510) 238-8555. If you make it to the conference, stop by DRCNet's table to say hello. The U.S. jail and prison population (federal, state and local) stands at nearly 2,000,000 up from just over 200,000 in 1972. *** 16. EDITORIAL: Repentance for the Drug War Sundown on Tuesday, September 29, marks the beginning of the Jewish Holiday of Yom Kippur, day of atonement. Judaism is not alone among the world's religions in setting aside a time for personal reflection and repentance through fasting or self-sacrifice -- Catholics observe Lent, for instance, and Muslims observe Ramadan to name two -- indicating that an understanding of the value of setting aside a time for taking stock of one's actions, for acknowledging wrongdoing and seeking forgiveness is deeply embedded in the human spirit. In honor, then, of Yom Kippur, the oldest of such traditions, I write today in respectful suggestion to a handful of people who might want to spend some time in communion with their maker, if not this week than certainly soon, seeking forgiveness for behavior which, under any rational understanding of the intent of a supreme being, must be considered sinful. Christine Todd Whitman, Governor of New Jersey, for her steadfast refusal to consider the advice of either the world's scientific community or her own commission on AIDS to allow implementation of syringe exchange programs in that state. New Jersey has the third-highest rate of injection- related AIDS in the nation and ranks near the top in the incidence of childhood HIV infection, which is nearly always caused, indirectly, by dirty needles. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey, who, during the past year has proffered blatant misinformation regarding the medicinal potential of cannabis, the efficacy of needle exchange, the commercial viability and practical applications of hemp, domestic policies and their impact in such nations as Switzerland and The Netherlands, the impact and intent of the US policy for which he is an apologist, and the nature and intentions of those with whom he disagrees. Rep. James Traficant, (OH) for continuously pushing for legislation which would further militarize the U.S.-Mexican border, despite the fact that his district is more than a thousand miles away from that border and despite the fact that representatives from border districts, whose constituents would bear the costs and dangers of such legislation, have voiced grave concerns over such plans. Speaker Newt Gingrich, once a sponsor of pro-medical cannabis legislation and a staunch opponent of the broad powers of the FDA over the lives and decisions of doctors and patients, for shepherding through the House legislation that hides behind the FDA approval process for the purpose expressing opposition to the personal choices of medical cannabis users everywhere. House Republicans, for overwhelmingly supporting legislation which would both further militarize the civil conflict in Colombia and attempt to dictate the actions of newly elected President Andres Pastrana to the detriment of his courageous and delicate peace plan. And again, for their willingness to speak out about the need to get the government out of the lives of Americans while hypocritically championing the single most intrusive government policy in existence, the "right" of the government to go to any lengths to find and to punish those who would ingest, into their own bodies, unapproved substances. House Democrats, for their willingness to compromise their "core values" of civil rights, help for the disadvantaged and the reigning-in of corporate power in the name of a policy that is imprisoning enormous numbers of the poor and the non-white, as well as those who choose either a medicine or an intoxicant that is not owned and patented by either a pharmaceutical, liquor or tobacco company. President Clinton, for bemoaning an invasion of his privacy in the Lewinsky affair, while presiding over a drug war which arrested over 600,000 people for possession of a plant in 1997. The list goes on, of course. But the point is that war, the most terrible and destructive of all human endeavors, is being waged as domestic policy by a generation of American leaders in the false name of morality itself. And while this is not to suggest that the people named above should observe the ritual of any particular religion or belief, perhaps the coming of Yom Kippur can at least serve as a reminder to them that given their behavior over the past year, a little atonement is definitely in order. Adam J. Smith Associate Director *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html. Donations to the Drug Reform Coordination Network are not tax-deductible. 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