------------------------------------------------------------------- Urban Pulse - Flesh and Blood (Willamette Week, in Portland, says local doctors estimate that as many as 70 percent of Portland's injecting drug users are carriers of Hepatitis C, and during the last six months, 11 heroin users in the city have been afflicted with necrotizing fasciitis - better known by its tabloid nickname, "flesh-eating bacteria.") Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - email@example.com Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to letters of 250 words or less. December 16, 1998 Urban Pulse - Flesh and Blood * Local health officials are investigating an unusual outbreak of a nasty bug hitting Portland heroin users. BY CHRIS LYDGATE 243-2122 Fatal drug overdoses are as frequent in Oregon as ever, according to the state medical examiner, who reported 185 deaths this year through October. Local doctors estimate that as many as 70 percent of Portland's injecting drug users are carriers of Hepatitis C. For the past six months, a dangerous and disfiguring organism has been slowly rippling through Portland's heroin users, leaving a trail of question marks in its wake. The culprit, a common bacterium called Streptococcus anginosus milleri, ordinarily leads a harmless existence in the mouth or intestinal tract. But when it finds a way into the skin, especially of a person with a weakened immune system, the organism is capable of causing necrotizing fasciitis--better known by its tabloid nickname, "flesh-eating bacteria." Since July Portland has seen 11 reported cases of necrotizing fasciitis, all at the Old Town Clinic on West Burnside Street, in the heart of skid row. All these cases occurred among heroin users who developed abscesses as result of "skin-popping," a method of injecting drugs into muscle tissue, primarily used by addicts whose veins have collapsed because of repeated injections. "This is serious business," says clinic medical director Dr. Neal Rendleman. Although abscesses are practically an occupational hazard among junkies, necrotizing fasciitis is a very unusual disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which estimates there are fewer than 1,500 cases per year in the United States. "We have not heard of clusters of this infection in drug users before," says Dr. Paul Cieslak, an epidemiologist with the Oregon Heath Division. Rendleman describes the typical necrotizing fasciitis abscess as "a cave of foul, dead, fat, oozing crap" that swells up as big and hard as an apple. The pressure inside the abscess is so great that it cuts off the flow of blood to the surrounding tissue, which liquefies and is then consumed by the sprawling bacterial colony. Rendleman says one patient lost muscles in the buttock and upper thigh to the infection; another lost large parts of her shoulder muscle. From yet another patient, he drained an abscess that left a hole "the size of a volleyball." All patients responded well to treatment, beating the odds: The CDC estimates that necrotizing fasciitis kills approximately 20 percent of its victims. It remains unclear exactly how the infection is spread from one user to another. Sharing needles is an obvious possibility, but contaminated heroin may itself be the source. Streptococcus is "certainly capable" of surviving in the dark, gummy, tar heroin prevalent on the West Coast, according to Karen Stefonek, an epidemiologist with the Oregon Health Division. Last year public health officials in California reported an outbreak of tetanus from tainted heroin, and in 1995 California witnessed several cases of botulism caused by bad dope. Rendleman speculates that the source of infection may be the folks who smuggle the drugs into the country. He cites a technique known as "body-packing," in which drug couriers swallow condoms filled with heroin and sneak across the border. A tiny hole in a condom could allow the drug to be contaminated with bacteria from the courier's intestines. "Your thrifty dealer is not going to throw it out because there's a nick in a condom," Rendleman says. "And a nick visible to the naked eye is big enough for a million bacteria to walk through, arm in arm, singing the Marseillaise." Other Portland doctors who work with drug addicts say they have not encountered the bug. Necrotizing fasciitis is not usually reported to state or county health divisions, but that doesn't mean it isn't out there. "There's some of it going on out there that we just don't know about," says epidemiologist Stefonek. State and county public health officials are investigating the cluster of cases, which constitutes, "an unusual occurrence of disease," according to County Health Officer Gary Oxman of the Multnomah County Health Department. "We'll take a look at it and see if there's something we can do preventively." Meanwhile, local health workers had better add another dangerous condition to the grim roster of drug-related diseases.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re: Urban Pulse - Flesh and Blood (A letter sent to the editor of Willamette Week says the shopper's suggestion that diseases associated with heroin use are "drug-related" is to miss, or deny, the central problem, which is the unregulated market.) Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 01:17:30 -0800 To: Dpfor Drug policy forum or (Dpfor@drugsense.org) From: American Antiprohibition League (AAL@InetArena.com) Subject: DPFOR: LTE: Urban Pulse - Flesh and Blood Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 00:58:33 -0800 To: Mark Zusman - firstname.lastname@example.org From: American Antiprohibition League (AAL@InetArena.com) Subject: LTE: Urban Pulse - Flesh and Blood To the Editor, Willamette Week, On the one hand WW is to be appluaded for its timely report on the current wave of Streptococcus now contaminating supplies of heroin and cocaine and resulting in even more serious (public) health problems related to illegal drug use. I am making copies of it and passing it out to all our needle exchange clients. On the other hand, to conclude that this problem is "drug-related" is to miss, or deny, the central problem; an un-regulated supply of black-market drugs distributed via unaccountable underground networks. There is no quality control or standardized dose. Unlike legal drugs, there is no independent oversight to provide even a modicum of consumer protection. It is truly a buyer beware situation. Unfortuanetly addiction often overrides a person's better judgment. This is yet another twisted, drug war irony. American drug laws (i.e. Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914) were originally passed to require truth in labelling and purity of a known quantity. Prohibition, and certainly drug wars were never the original intention. How far we have strayed. Floyd Ferris Landrath - Director American Antiprohibition League/ Harm Reduction Zone, M-F, 4-6pm, SE 38th & Hawthorne Blvd. office: 3125 SE Belmont St., Portland, Ore. 97214 503-235-4524, AAL@InetArena.com "If drug abuse is a disease, then drug war is a crime."
------------------------------------------------------------------- kxlporwamcar1 (An Associated Press article with a garbled headline at the Eugene, Oregon, Register-Guard web site says Harrison Bletson, the Portland crack addict who murdered his mother when she refused o give him money, has been sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 30 years.)Register-Guard Eugene, Oregon http://www.registerguard.com/ letters to editor: http://www.registerguard.com/standingdocs/feedback.html kxlporwamcar1 PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) - A man who killed his 62-year-old mother during a cocaine binge has been sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 30 years. Harrison Bletson, 41, was convicted last week of aggravated murder in the death last April of 62-year-old Dannella Bletson. Prosecutors say Bletson went on a crack cocaine binge the day before his mother was killed, and had run out of belongings to trade for the drug. When he found his mother had locked her door against him, he borrowed a ladder and climbed through a window. When she refused to give him money, he broke a cast iron skillet on her head, and then stabbed her 17 times with a butcher knife. Prosecutors say Bletson returned to the house at least twice to steal his mother's bracelets and leather coat. Prosecutors sought life in prison without parole for Bletson, but did not seek the death penalty.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Bread Control - It's No Longer Just About Guns (A sarcastic letter to the editor of Willamette Week uses the logic of prohibitionism to call for a ban on bread, urging readers to "Think idiotically, act globally!") Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - email@example.com Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to letters of 250 words or less. December 16, 1998 Letters Bread Control - It's No Longer Just About Guns by Naomi Pass Handgun Control Inc. I've done a little research, and what I've discovered should make anyone think twice. More than 98 percent of convicted felons are bread users. Fully HALF of all children who grow up in bread consuming households score below average on standardized tests. In the 18th century, when virtually all bread was baked in the home, the average life expectancy was less than 50 years; infant mortality rates were unacceptably high; many women died in childbirth; and diseases such as typhoid, yellow fever and influenza ravaged whole nations. More than 90 percent of violent crimes are committed within 24 hours of eating bread. Bread is made from a substance called "dough." It has been proven that as little as one pound of dough can be used to suffocate a mouse. The average American eats more bread than that in one month! Primitive tribal societies that have no bread exhibit a low incidence of cancer, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, and osteoporosis. Bread has been proven to be addictive. Subjects deprived of bread and given only water begged for bread after as little as two days. Bread is often a "gateway" food item, leading the user to "harder" items as butter, jelly, peanut butter and even cold cuts. Bread has been proven to absorb water. Since the human body is more than 90 percent water, it follows that eating bread could lead to your body being taken over by this absorptive food product, turning you into a soggy, gooey bread pudding person. Newborn babies can choke on bread. Bread is baked at temperatures as high as 400 degrees Fahrenheit! That kind of heat can kill an adult in less than one minute. Most American bread eaters are utterly unable to distinguish between significant scientific fact and meaningless statistical babbling. In light of these frightening statistics, we propose the following bread restrictions: No sale of bread to minors A nationwide "Just Say No to Toast" campaign, complete with celebrity TV spots and bumper stickers. A 300 percent federal tax on all bread to pay for all the societal ills we might associate with bread. No animal or human images, nor any primary colors (which may appeal to children) may be used to promote bread usage. The establishment of "bread-free" zones around schools. Remember: Think idiotically, act globally! John McEnroe Southeast Stark Street
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana arrests soar for students on Gig Harbor peninsula (According to The Associated Press, sheriff's officials say at least 16 students in the area of Gig Harbor, Washington, have been caught with marijuana at school over the last 10 days. "Marijuana is back to the time when it was in its heyday" on the Gig Harbor Peninsula, said Pierce County sheriff's Sergeant Ross Herberholz.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "HempTalkNW" (email@example.com) Subject: HT: Marijuana arrests soar for students on Gig Harbor peninsula Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 17:57:39 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Marijuana arrests soar for students on Gig Harbor peninsula The Associated Press 12/16/98 4:04 PM Eastern TACOMA, Wash. (AP) -- At least 16 Gig Harbor-area students have been caught with marijuana at school over the last 10 days, sheriff's officials say. "Marijuana is back to the time when it was in its heyday" on the Gig Harbor Peninsula, Pierce County sheriff's Sgt. Ross Herberholz said. Four Peninsula High School students were caught with marijuana on Monday, just four days after authorities caught 10 students at Goodman Middle School with the drug. Earlier, two other Peninsula High School students were caught with marijuana as they prepared to leave campus for a lunch-hour toke. The teen-agers told authorities they had bought the marijuana at school a few days earlier. Last month, Gig Harbor police arrested three people, including a mother and her daughter, for investigation of supplying marijuana at area schools, Officer Brad Carpenter said. The girl was a Peninsula High School student. In the case this week, school officials found marijuana in a student's backpack while investigating a report the teen-ager had a gun. Instead, they found the drug, "and then it just snowballed" as school officials found more students involved, Herberholz said. The students were released to their parents and the case was referred to Remann Hall juvenile prosecutors for possible filing of charges. "It's getting to be just like the jail. There's no room at the inn at Remann Hall," Herberholz said. Sheriff's spokesman Ed Troyer said the problem appears to be a peninsula phenomenon because that's where the kids are getting caught. He said he hasn't seen reports of so many marijuana cases in other Pierce County school districts recently. Herberholz thinks the cases have soared because "the peninsula is kind of a growing bed." "Our lower Key Peninsula is known for its great growing grounds," he said. School officials say they're working to get drugs out of the schools but the community has to take more responsibility for the problem. "The Peninsula School District does not have a drug and alcohol abuse problem -- the Peninsula community has a drug and alcohol abuse problem," Superintendent Mark Mitrovich said during a school board meeting last week. Gig Harbor Police Chief Mitch Barker said he thought the spate of cases was simply happenstance, not a new problem. "I think we just happen to be catching more of them right now," Barker said. "That's my feel on it. I think America has a very large drug appetite in everything."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Wash. sting describes bargain-hunting smokers as smugglers (The Spokesman-Review, in Spokane, Washington, notes smokers in eastern Washington are upset over a half-day sting Monday near Stateline, Idaho, where agents of the Washington Liquor Control Board confiscated cigarettes and wrote $250 citations for bargain-hunters who preferred Idaho's tax of 28 cents per pack over Washington's tax of 82.5 cents per pack.)From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: WA stings make bargain-hunting smokers as smugglers Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 17:42:55 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Wednesday, 16 December 1998 Wash. sting describes bargain-hunting smokers as smugglers Spokane Spokesman-Review SPOKANE, Wash. - Sometimes on her lunch break, Mead resident Susan Moller drives to Idaho to buy cigarettes, usually a couple of cartons at a time. The trip saves her about $5.50 per carton. Washington state has the second-highest cigarette tax in the country at 82.5 cents per pack. Idaho taxes only 28 cents per pack. ``With cigarettes being so high, you have to do what you can to save money,'' Moller said. But what Moller considers bargain-hunting, the state of Washington brands as smuggling and tax evasion. On Monday, agents of the state Liquor Control Board were waiting when the 46-year-old woman crossed into Washington from Stateline, Idaho. They pulled her over near the Washington port of entry, seized her two cartons of just-purchased Idaho smokes and issued a citation that will cost her at least $250 and a day in court. ``I think it stinks,'' Moller said as she sat fuming on the shoulder of the road within spitting distance of the state line. ``I paid taxes over there.'' That's not good enough, according to Liquor Control Board officials, who cited a handful of other Spokane-area residents during a half-day sting. The operation was part of an effort to raise public awareness about Washington's tobacco tax laws, said Gigi Zenk, a Liquor Control Board spokeswoman. Washington state Liquor Control agents staked out a convenience store in Stateline. They watched for people driving cars with Washington license plates to go inside and buy cigarettes. The agents then radioed the description of the car and driver to another agent waiting in Washington. When the smokers crossed the border, agents nailed them. Some people lost their cool when they found out why they were being stopped, evoking ``Big Brother'' references and wondering aloud that state officials had nothing better to do. ``I imagine most people aren't going to be too pleased about this,'' said Zenk, herself a smoker. ``We've been trying to get the word out that this is an illegal activity.'' That's whether a Washington smoker buys a pack of cigarettes from a vending machine in Coeur d'Alene or 20 cartons from a smoke shop in Plummer, Idaho. If he or she brings them back into Washington, that's against the law - even if the smokes are for personal use. Penalties include seizure of the cigarettes; a $250 fine or $10 per pack, whichever is greater; and tax and interest on the cigarettes. A citation also goes on the offender's record as a misdemeanor. People who buy out-of-state cigarettes and bring them to Washington for resale face arrest and the forfeiture of the vehicle they used to transport the smokes across the state line.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cross-border holiday shoppers may be breaking law (An Associated Press story on the same topic, in the Eugene, Oregon, Register-Guard) Register-Guard Eugene, Oregon http://www.registerguard.com/ letters to editor: http://www.registerguard.com/standingdocs/feedback.html Cross-border holiday shoppers may be breaking law By JOHN K. WILEY Associated Press Writer SPOKANE (AP) - That carton of Kools under the Christmas tree for Aunt Harriet could make you a criminal in the eyes of state officials. If those cigarettes were purchased in Idaho or Oregon - where tobacco taxes are lower - state regulators say you broke the law. A handful of Spokane-area smokers found out the hard way Monday in a Washington State Liquor Control Board sting operation as they returned from a Stateline, Idaho, smokeshop. They had hoped to save about $5.50 per carton in taxes across the border, but seven Washington state residents were issued citations that could result in $250 fines for tax evasion. The state Department of Revenue estimates Washington loses $127 million a year in potential tobacco tax revenues. Monday's sting against so-called ``casual smugglers'' was intended to make people aware that it is a misdemeanor to bring tobacco products from another state into Washington, WSLCB spokeswoman Tricia Currier said Tuesday. ``We're not just trying to make money on fines. We want to show a presence so they can know and get the word out,'' she said. ``A lot of people don't know it's illegal.'' Agents seized 18 cartons of cigarettes and eight loose packs during the four-hour operation, said Gigi Zenk, another agency spokeswoman. ``I think it stinks,'' Spokane resident Susan Moller told The Spokesman-Review after agents seized two cartons of smokes she had just purchased in Idaho. ``I paid taxes over there.'' But because she didn't pay taxes over here, Ms. Moller and the others are considered tax evaders, Mike Gowrylow of the state Department of Revenue said. To avoid becoming a smuggler, Washington state smokers would have to fill out a Department of Revenue form and pay the difference in tax rates before buying their smokes in Idaho or Oregon, he said. ``I doubt very many people do,'' he added. Tobacco products sold at Indian reservation smokeshops comprise the largest amount of lost potential tax revenues, about 66 percent, Gowrylow said. The ``casual smugglers'' who cross state lines represent another 22 percent - $28.1 million in fiscal 1998. Sales on military reservations amount to about 12 percent of the total, he said. In Monday's sting, agents staked out a Stateline, Idaho, smokeshop. The license plates of Washington residents seen leaving the store with tobacco products were radioed ahead to officers waiting to stop them and seize their smokes just across the state line. Currier said her agency plans more of the stings, including some on the west side of the state.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Couple arrested for Web site classified ads for cocaine, sex (An Associated Press article in The Register-Guard, in Eugene, Oregon, says a couple in Bothell, Washington, was arrested after police investigated classified advertisements on a popular Web site that offered and solicited sex and cocaine.) Register-Guard Eugene, Oregon http://www.registerguard.com/ letters to editor: http://www.registerguard.com/standingdocs/feedback.html Couple arrested for Web site classified ads for cocaine, sex SEATTLE (AP) - A Bothell couple was arrested after police investigated classified advertisements on a popular Web site that offered and solicited sex and cocaine. A King County Superior Court judge on Monday ordered $100,000 cash-only bail set for 36-year-old James G. Moses Jr., who was held for investigation of third-degree child molestation; attempted patronizing a juvenile prostitute; dealing in and possessing child pornography; luring; sexual exploitation of a minor; communicating with a minor for immoral purposes; and drug and weapon charges. Bail was also set at $20,000 for his 34-year-old wife, Sandra M. Moses, who was being held for investigation of a drug charge and unlawful possession of a firearm. The couple were arrested Friday. Seattle vice police Lt. Joe Ayco said the three-month investigation began with a complaint about one of three Internet ads on the site www.classifieds2000.com. One ad, according to police reports, read: ``Do you like cocaine? Are you young and short and petite? Do you have a kill (sic) body? What would you do to me for some cocaine?'' Using an Internet alias of ``bigdaddy38,''detectives began corresponding with the man. At the same time, the guardian of a 15-year-old Seattle girl told police he suspected a man who had been e-mailing the girl had taken sexually explicit photographs of her. Police are investigating the Bothell man in that incident as well, police said. Over the weekend, detectives seized a computer, camera equipment, videotape and a small amount of what police believe is marijuana from the couple's home and Federal Way business.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cocaine, Sex Listed Among Web Site's Classified Ads (The Seattle Post-Intelligencer version) Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 00:25:53 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WA: Cocaine, Sex Listed Among Web Site's Classified Ads Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Seattle Post-Intelligencer (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.seattle-pi.com/ Copyright: 1998 Seattle Post-Intelligencer. COCAINE, SEX LISTED AMONG WEB SITE'S CLASSIFIED ADS At www.classifieds2000.com, a popular Web site for free classified ads, the items for sale include Beanie Babies, blenders and used cars. Cocaine and sex have also been offered and solicited through the site - until Seattle police busted a Bothell couple Friday. Yesterday, a judge ordered a $100,000 cash-only bail for the 36- year-old Bothell man, who was held for investigation of third-degree child molestation; patronizing a juvenile prostitute; dealing in and possessing child pornography; luring; sexual exploitation of a minor; communicating with a minor for immoral purposes; and drug and weapon charges. Bail was also set at $20,000 for the man's 34-year-old ((age)) wife, who was being held for investigation of a drug charge and unlawful possession of a firearm. Police Vice Lt. Joe Ayco said the three-month investigation that lead to the arrests began with a complaint about one of three Internet ads. According to police records, one ad read: "Do you like cocaine? Are you young and short and petite? Do you have a kill (sic) body? What would you do to me for some cocaine?" Using an Internet identity of "bigdaddy38," detectives began corresponding with the man. At the same time, the guardian of a 15- year-old Seattle girl told police he suspected that a man who had been e-mailing the girl and had taken sexually explicit photos of her. Police are investigating the Bothell man in that incident. Ayco said detectives were still investigating the possibility of other victims. Over the weekend, detectives seized a computer, camera equipment, videotape and a small amount of suspected marijuana from the couple's home and business in Federal Way.
------------------------------------------------------------------- WSU frat suspended after alcohol-related incident (An Associated Press article in The Register-Guard, in Eugene, Oregon, says Kappa Sigma, a Washington State University fraternity in Pullman, Washington, that is already on probation for its role in last spring's riot, is being suspended and faces closure because of members' party habits.) Register-Guard Eugene, Oregon http://www.registerguard.com/ letters to editor: http://www.registerguard.com/standingdocs/feedback.html WSU frat suspended after alcohol-related incident PULLMAN, Wash. (AP) - A Washington State University fraternity already on probation for its role in last spring's riot is being suspended and faces closure because of its members' party habits, officials said Tuesday. Kappa Sigma fraternity's chapter will be suspended pending formal hearings into allegations that six underage members kicked in the door of a vacant apartment and threw a party involving alcohol, the school's vice provost for student affairs said. Kappa Sigma is already on probation because of its role in organizing the party that led to the riot, Gus Kravas said. ``Kappa Sigma fraternity has had a long history here at WSU, and closing a chapter is a serious action,'' he said. ``But the ongoing problems, capped with the recent apparent criminal act, gave the university no options but to suspend the chapter.'' Robert Thorpe, the fraternity's district adviser in Seattle and chairman of its alumni board of control, said he and other alumni support the university's actions. The chapter officers are scheduled to meet with the fraternity's international governing body Jan. 23 and ``there is a very, very high probability they will lose recognition from Kappa Sigma,'' Thorpe said. Thorpe noted that about one-third of the house's 90 members have been suspended or expelled from the chapter since the May 3 riot, in which nearly two dozen law enforcement officers were injured. In the wake of the riot, Kappa Sigma and two other fraternities each were fined $1,000, placed on social probation, required to have a live-in adviser and agreed to other sanctions that banned the use of alcohol for a year. WSU began an extensive alcohol-abuse education and intervention program in residence halls and fraternities. ``It appears this particular group of young men simply did not get the message about the university's resolve to change the culture in its fraternity houses and reduce illegal drinking and the dangers that accompany it,'' Kravas said in a release announcing the new sanctions. The national fraternity and WSU will conduct hearings in January that could result in the chapter being closed, Kravas said. If the hearings confirm additional violations by fraternity members, the university will lift formal recognition of the chapter and the national organization will remove its charter, he said. The suspension, effective Sunday, means that freshmen members will have to move to other university-approved housing during spring semester. Additionally, the chapter and its members will no longer be allowed to sponsor social events or participate in other fraternity or sorority functions. Pullman and campus police responding to a neighbor's noise complaint found a broken apartment door and six people inside under age 21. All identified themselves as Kappa Sigma members, Pullman police Sgt. Sam Sorem said. Charges of residential burglary, malicious mischief and being minors in possession of alcohol were being forwarded to the Whitman County prosecutor, he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical marijuana court hearings . . . (A bulletin from the Sonoma Alliance for Medical Marijuana asks concerned Californians to show their support for Proposition 215 by attending hearings Dec. 18 and Dec. 21 regarding two separate medical-marijuana cases in Sonoma County. The first case involves Lori Converse and William McConnell, and the second involves Ed Learn and Will Larson.) From: "ralph sherrow" (email@example.com) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Fwd: Medical Marijuana court hearings... Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 21:40:57 PST From: "Doc Knapp" (email@example.com) To: "Doc Knapp" (DocKnapp@sonic.net) Subject: Medical Marijuana court hearings... Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 11:32:14 -0800 Dear friends, Sonoma Alliance for Medical Marijuana, SAMM, is supporting two upcoming hearings in Sonoma County: There are two hearings regarding medical marijuana cases in December: Dec. 18 at 10:00 AM in Courtroom 10, Lori Converse and William McConnell Dec. 21 at 8:30 AM in Courtroom 10, Ed Learn and Will Larson Lori and William's case is a preliminary hearing to determine whether or not they are guilty of felony possession with intent to sell. They were busted for 13 plants. Both are on Supervised Own Recognizance and the probation dept. has authorized Lori to continue using medicinal marijuana. They will be using an affirmative defense as allowed by the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, AKA, Prop 215. Ed and Will will be seeking return of property confiscated by the Sheriff's department including return of the 52 indoor plants. This should be an interesting case as the State Supreme Court recently ordered the return of plants confiscated in a bust in Mendocino County. The judge continued Ed and Will's case while awaiting the results from the state court regarding the Mendocino case. Should be interesting. As always, SAMM is seeking as much support at the hearings by getting as many people as possible to attend the hearings. We have done this in the past and it appears to have had a positive effect on the outcomes of prior hearings. We expect the press to be there. So be there if you can and let interested others know of these dates. Thanks for your interest. These are exciting times for the movement and should get even more interesting when the new administration takes office on the state level. Bill Lockyer, Dan Lungren's replacement for Attorney General, has publicly expressed his support for Prop 215 in stark contrast to Lungren's anti Prop 215 campaign. Stay tuned. Best wishes to all for the upcoming holidays, Doc, SAMM Member
------------------------------------------------------------------- FBI Picks Up A Prison Probe Some Say Was Stifled By Union (The San Mateo County Times says the Federal Bureau of Investigation has taken up an investigation into brutality by guards at Pelican State Prison in California. State officials had pledged to reform the supermaximum penitentiary in 1995, but just a few months after investigators started working, the warden cut short their probe and the investigators then found themselves the subject of repeated investigations by the Corrections Department.) Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 18:21:29 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: FBI Picks Up A Prison Probe Some Say Was Stifled By Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom O'Connell) Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: San Mateo County Times (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.newschoice.com/newspapers/alameda/smct/ Copyright: 1998 by MediaNews Group, Inc. and ANG Newspapers Section: Nation-World Page 2 FBI PICKS UP A PRISON PROBE SOME SAY WAS STIFLED BY UNION CRESCENT CITY - After a federal court denounced Pelican Bay State Prison as an instrument of wholesale brutality In 1995, California officials pledged to reform the supermaximum penitentiary. A fresh team of state investigators was brought in with one charge: to stop the abuse of inmates and root out rogue guards. But just a few months into the job, the internal affairs team was stripped of its investigative powers when it tried to pursue a group of officers suspected of setting up stabbings, shootings and beatings of inmates, documents and interviews show. The warden cut short the probe, and the investigators then found themselves the subject of repeated investigations by the Corrections Department. Instead of being allowed to finish a wider probe that might have uncovered a far-reaching conspiracy to brutalize inmates, team members say they were only able to gather enough evidence to convict one guard earlier this year. The FBI is now investigating the same officers who were under scrutiny by the internal affairs unit. "The department pulled our teeth," said Captain Dan Smith who headed the internal affairs probe. We were ordered not to go down certain paths, and our ability to finish the job was taken away.... The department let us down and it let itself down." Del Norte County District Attorney Bill Cornell whose office oversaw the criminal probe at the isolated North Coast prison, agreed. "The union was able to close ranks and prevent the internal affairs unit from completing its investigative task," he said. "It was a difficult in. investigation to begin with, and when you add in the political influence that the union wields, the task became incomprehensible." Officials with the Corrections Department, the union and the Wilson administration deny that the probe was derailed because of union pressure. Lawyers for the California Correctional Peace Officers Association say the union did nothing more than stand up for the rights of the accused officers and point out deficiencies in a slipshod internal investigation. "The theme that the big bad union interferes with state investigations is a theme I reject," said Ron Yank, a San Francisco labor lawyer rep-resenting the union. "How about another theme? 'The Department of Corrections grows too fast and has inexperienced investigators who end up delivering a shoddy investigation.'" But interviews and documents show that the investigators conducted a complex criminal and administrative probe in a professional manner. After winning the trust of key witnesses, the Internal affairs unit was prohibited from pursuing several officers suspected of brutality. The team encountered some of the same roadblocks that later stymied state investigators who attempted to uncover set-up rapes and other alleged crimes at Corcoran State Prison. The prison guards union has contributed generously to both major parties over the last decade including nearly $1.5 million in direct and indirect donations to Wilson, a Republican. The union, which has also backed Democratic Gov.-elect Gray Davis, has gained sufficient influence to emerge as an almost equal partner in the state's $4 billion-a-year prison system. With the union looking over its shoulder, documents and interviews show, the Corrections Department has been timid in pursuing brutal guards - even when such reforms have been mandated by a federal court. Since 1994, the FBI has twice taken the unusual step of investigating a California prison, rending to the state's inability to police its own The federal civil rights probe at Pelican Bay has found evidence of an inmate murder and stabbings allegedly engineered by veteran officers seeking control over their prison yard, according to federal sources familiar with the probe. Federal prosecutors won't say if the union has emerged as a target in the case. The union has been under scrutiny by federal authorities examining brutality and cover-up at Corcoran. In the summer of 1995, spurred by the federal court ruling to clean up Pelican Bay, the newly assigned internal affairs team began digging into the prison's dark corners. The team soon uncovered evidence that a handful of officers was directing a group of inmates to stab and beat other inmates, many of them convicted child molesters. The officers, it was alleged, were rewarding their inmate cohorts with extra time outside their cells, fast-food burritos, Jack Daniels whiskey and silk underwear for conjugal visits, But a few months into the investigation, the union began to file complaints about the honesty and work methods of the Internal affairs team. Warden Steve Cambra responded to the complaints by ordering the investigators to stop tracking oclown any evidence that led to the suspect officers, according to interviews and documents. Union officials went to greater lengths - even violating state law, according to a Corrections Department probe - to have the case thrown out and the internal affairs team disbanded. The union president and vice president at Pelican Bay conducted an unauthorized inquiry into the internal affairs unit itself, trailing the team's movements. The union's complaints over the next 18 months prompted the Department of Corrections to order repeat probes-half a dozen in all-of the internal affairs team.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DARE Still Finds Support With Pueblo-Area Principals (The Boulder Daily Camera says that while some cities and districts are dropping Drug Awareness Resistance Education, principals in at least one corner of Colorado say they plan to stick with the program.) Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 18:21:37 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CO: Dare Still Finds Support With Pueblo-Area Principals Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Colo. Hemp Init. Project) Pubdate: 16 Dec 1998 Source: Boulder Daily Camera (CO) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.bouldernews.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Daily Camera. Author: Associated Press DARE STILL FINDS SUPPORT WITH PUEBLO-AREA PRINCIPALS PUEBLO-- While some cities and districts are dropping the controversial DARE program, principals in at least one corner of Colorado say they plan to stick with the youth drug-prevention program. DARE, or Drug Awareness Resistance Education, brings law enforcement officers into fifth- and sixth-grade classrooms to teach children about the dangers of substance abuse. The program has been criticized by some because it exposes to kids to drugs by way of discussion. Others say there is no hard-and-fast data to prove that it works. The costly program has been scrapped or broadly modified by the Boulder police and sheriff's department and the police department in Louisville, also in Boulder County. But Pueblo-area school principals responding to an informal survey last week said they favor DARE. Most said they believe the positive exposure to police is at least as important as the subject matter. "The program provides the students with refusal skills," said Kent Burger, principal at Sunset Elementary. "I'd rather they hear about the harm drugs cause in an educational setting then on the streets," Burger said. Belmont Elementary principal Jose Duarte said he is "happy with DARE" because it students get to know the enforcement officer involved and "see that he's a person, too." "They also find out about drugs and alcohol in a positive, proactive way," Duarte said. "Yes, it's a parent's job to tell the kid, but not all parents do." At Vineland Elementary, principal Elizabeth Trujillo praised the sheriff's deputy who presents the program. She said that while she has not seem statistics on whether DARE works, she thinks it helps her students. "Peer pressure is awful tough on a kid," Trujillo said. "DARE teaches the kids what can happen and introduces them to the subject in a constructive way." The officers generally work for about an hour a week with a class, which lasts one semester and ends with a graduation ceremony.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Survey (A staff editorial in The Ft. Worth, Texas, Star-Telegram notes a full 10 percent of the members of the Class of 1998 at Keller and Fossil Ridge high schools said in a survey taken last spring that they had used heroin. In response, school district officials are working with Keller Police Chief Bill Griffith on a comprehensive plan to replace the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program that is taught to most of the district's fifth graders.) Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 17:07:53 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US TX: Editorial: Drug Survey Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Pubdate: 16 Dec 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Forum: http://www.star-telegram.com/comm/forums/ Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas DRUG SURVEY Seniors at Keller and Fossil Ridge high schools sent a chilling message to officials of the Keller school district in a survey taken last spring. A full 10 percent of the members of the Class of 1998 said they had used heroin. District administrators, who released the survey results last week, had been keeping an eye on the members of that senior class. As a group moving up through different grades to their final year in high school, the class was always "a little outside the norm," the administrators said. We find no comfort in that explanation. Nor were we comforted when Keller district officials pointed out that reported use of alcohol and some drugs among students in some other grades had actually dropped a few percentage points from a previous survey. Admitted heroin use among members of the Keller district's Class of 1998 and the levels of drug and alcohol use among other students in the district raise significant cause for alarm. Fortunately, district officials share our concern and say they want to do something. Most significantly, the officials are working with Keller Police Chief Bill Griffith on a comprehensive plan to replace the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program that is taught to most of the district's fifth graders. Griffith favors efforts on two levels: "We need to get more grade levels involved on the educational prevention side, and we also need to get the parents and the community involved," he says. Keller, like our other local other communities, must take drug and alcohol abuse among our youth as the life-threatening problem that it is. Griffith has the right steps in mind, but talk must move quickly to action. Send your comments to firstname.lastname@example.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Prosecutors: Chicago police officer ran cocaine, heroin ring (The Associated Press says Joseph Miedzianowski, a 22-year police veteran and member of the gang crimes unit, brokered drug deals, served as a go-between with feuding drug lords, and eventually took over daily control of a drug ring that allegedly distributed millions of dollars worth of cocaine and heroin between Chicago and Miami.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Chicago cop officer ran cocaine, heroin ring Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 17:58:51 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Prosecutors: Chicago police officer ran cocaine, heroin ring By MARTHA IRVINE The Associated Press 12/16/98 7:33 PM Eastern CHICAGO (AP) -- A veteran police officer was among 10 people charged Wednesday with running a drug ring that allegedly distributed millions of dollars worth of cocaine and heroin between Chicago and Miami. Joseph Miedzianowski, 45, was arrested Wednesday as he reported to work at the Chicago police department's gang crimes unit. Miedzianowski, an officer for 22 years, brokered drug deals, served as a go-between with feuding drug lords and eventually took over daily control of the operation, prosecutors said. Miedzianowski's lawyer, Phillip Turner, denied the charges. Turner said his client -- whose telephone conversations were taped by the FBI -- was in contact with the other suspects only as part of his own undercover police work. "This is just some fairy tale that the FBI has dredged up from fragments of conversations," Turner said after Miedzianowski was led away in handcuffs. "This is an excellent police officer." Prosecutors said Miedzianowski took as much as $22,000 a month from drug dealers to intentionally throw his fellow officers off their trail and gave stolen guns and ammunition from the Cook County Sheriff's Department shooting range to known criminals. "This is something we haven't seen before," said U.S. Attorney Scott Lassar, who noted that other Chicago police officers have been convicted of helping drug dealers avoid investigators but not distributing the drugs themselves. All 10 are charged with conspiracy to possess and distribute more than 100 kilograms of cocaine, which prosecutors say has a wholesale value of $2 million, and unspecified amounts of heroin. The charge carries a maximum sentence of life in prison without parole for each defendant.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Veteran Chicago Police Officer Charged In Drug Ring (The Chicago Tribune version) Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 06:32:51 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IL: Veteran Chicago Police Officer Charged In Drug Ring Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Mark McNamara (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Copyright: 1998 Chicago Tribune Company Pubdate: 16 Dec 1998 Author: Mark LeBien VETERAN CHICAGO POLICE OFFICER CHARGED IN DRUG RING A Chicago police gang crimes specialist appeared in court today to answer charges that he has been running a Miami-to-Chicago cocaine and heroin operation over the last three years. Eleven other suspects, none of them police officers, also were charged in the case. The officer, Joseph J. Miedzianowski, a 22-year police veteran, is accused of using his police powers to protect the drug trafficking operation in return for cash payments -- some as large as $12,000 a month, according to the complaint. Miedzianowski, wearing jeans and a black T-shirt with a skull emblazoned on the back, appeared this afternoon before U.S. District Judge Martin C. Ashman. He was led into the courtroom in handcuffs, which later were removed. The government also alleges that Miedzianowski made death threats to prevent the co-conspirators from talking about the drug operation. Miedzianowski, 45, was arrested today when he reported to work at a West Side police station. Authorities said Miedzianowski supervised the cocaine- and heroin-selling scheme and provided protection for it. But an attorney for Miedzianowski said his client's close ties to drug dealers were simply part of his job. "To be a successful police officer, you have to have relationships with these people," said Phillip A. Turner, the attorney. "And sometimes you have to play along with them." He added, "Mr. Miedzianowski is completely surprised by this. He's shocked. Joe is innocent of these allegations." Chicago Police Internal Affairs Division officers and FBI agents today executed six search warrants and made 10 arrests in the case. Two suspects named in the complaint are still being sought by police. Police used phone taps to investigate the alleged drug ring, officials said. In one phone conversation, the indictment says, Miedzianowski promised a dealer that he would keep police away from an area that had heavy drug traffic. The indictment alleges that one drug dealer offered Miedzianowski $12,000 a month for protection, and another offered him $10,000 a month. It also states that Miedzianowski gave guns that had been stolen from a Cook County sheriff's shooting range to the dealers. The 12 suspects are charged in a federal complaint with conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine and heroin from 1995 to the present. "The community-police department partnership is based on mutual trust," Chicago Police Supt. Terry Hillard said. "When that trust is breached, corrective measures must be swift, direct and have impact." George Figueroa, another gang investigation specialist who has worked with Miedzianowski for at least 12 years, said he was shocked when he heard about the complaint. "He's great guy," said Figueroa, who was at home recovering from surgery. "He's one of the best policemen I've ever worked with, and we were on the same team together. He's smart. He has a lot of informants." He said when he heard about the complaint, he "thought it was a joke." If convicted of the drug-distribution conspiracy, each defendant faces a mandatory minimum sentence of 10 years in prison and a maximum sentence of life in prison without parole, as well as a maximum fine of $4 million.
------------------------------------------------------------------- An Experiment Gone Awry Half Of State's 400 Breweries (The Wisconsin State Journal presents a brief but interesting history of alcohol Prohibition in the state, where 400 breweries flourished in 1920, but fewer than 200 re-opened in 1933. Some breweries managed to stay in business by manufacturing their own malt and selling to home brewers, who worked around Prohibition by fermenting in their basements or cellars. Pabst, in particular, created a healthy demand for its malted barley by openly marketing to home brewers. Prohibition did little to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed by Wisconsinites.) Date: Mon, 21 Dec 1998 15:12:26 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US WI: An Experiment Gone Awry Half Of State's 400 Breweries Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Wisconsin State Journal (WI) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.madison.com/ Copyright: Madison Newspapers, Inc. 1998 AN EXPERIMENT GONE AWRY; HALF OF STATE'S 400 BREWERIES SUCCUMBED TO PROHIBITION Given Wisconsin's reputation for both making and consuming alcoholic beverages, it's hard to imagine the days of Prohibition. But from 1920 through 1933 it was illegal in the United States to either manufacture or sell any beverage with more than 0.5 percent alcohol. Prohibition was the law of the land until it was lifted 65 years ago on Dec. 5, 1933. Given Milwaukee's large German population at the time, the passage of the 18th Amendment was greeted with less than unanimous enthusiasm in Wisconsin. Not only was beer a favorite beverage, brewing had become the state's fifth largest industry, providing steady employment for hundreds of immigrant workers. Prohibition put the brakes on this flourishing industry, along with the cultivation of malting barley as a cash crop in Wisconsin. But the issue was hardly clear-cut. Prohibition brought to the surface some of the great divisions that had developed both nationally and in the state during the second half of the 19th century - Protestant Yankee churches vs. "immigrant" churches and rural vs. urban values. Some ethnic groups, most notably the Norwegians, were identified as ardent "drys." Because the issue cut so deeply across party, ethnic and social lines, Wisconsin Sen. Robert La Follette refused to deal with it, saying it was a political issue - which it most certainly was. But while Wisconsinites were split over the issue of "demon rum," there is little question of Prohibition's impact on the brewing industry. More than 400 commercial breweries were in operation in Wisconsin before Prohibition, but fewer than half reopened. "The reason so many breweries never came back is that no one had any way of knowing how long Prohibition would last," says Madison writer Jerry Apps, author of "Breweries of Wisconsin." Some of the brewers that were able to survive Prohibition evolved into the true giants of the Wisconsin beer industry: Schlitz, Pabst and Miller of Milwaukee and G. Heileman in La Crosse. Some breweries managed to stay in business by manufacturing their own malt and selling to home brewers, who worked around Prohibition by fermenting in their basements or cellars. Pabst, in particular, created a healthy demand for its malted barley by openly marketing to the home brewers. Pabst also branched into other areas, including opening a large dairy operation in Oconomowoc known as Pabst Farms. Others switched to bottling soft drinks. For example, Gray's Brewing Co. in Janesville concentrated its efforts on making soft drinks and has only recently gotten back into the beer business, riding the microbrewing craze. Ironically, however, Prohibition did little to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed by Wisconsinites. "One chap I interviewed said Prohibition didn't slow down drinking at all, it actually increased it," says Apps. Thirsty Wisconsin residents either made their own beer or liquor, purchased it from bootleggers or brought it across the border in Canada. Stills were common, hidden away in backwoods hollows where potatoes, corn or grains were fermented into moonshine whiskey. Much of this activity, of course, was done with full knowledge of law enforcement officials, who were often the first to line up when a new supply was tapped. "I heard one story about a town upstate where the county sheriff used to call ahead and warn everybody at the speakeasy that he was on his way," says Apps. Yet despite the violations, Prohibition arose from a deep and sincere belief of many Americans that alcohol was driving the country to ruin. These mostly white Protestants, whose ancestors were among the early settlers, feared that drinking, especially among the millions of newly arriving immigrants, was a true threat to law and order. And there was some evidence to support that belief. In the large cities, including Milwaukee, slum conditions were so severe that men went to saloons to escape the depressing reality of home life. The hardworking, nondrinking, church-going farmers and business people in the rural districts and smaller communities began to think of the cities as citadels of sin - and blamed alcohol. Groups like the Woman's Christian Temperance Union grew out of this belief. Among the early founders of the WCTU was Wisconsinite Frances Willard, the daughter of a Janesville area livestock farmer who became an internationally recognized figure for her support of women's rights. (Willard died in 1891, some 30 years before Prohibition or national women's suffrage.) Eventually the struggle between "wets" and "drys" aggravated the struggle between rural and immigrant America, between established Protestants and Catholics and Jews. It had also given rise to the bootlegging industry, creating famous gangsters such as Al Capone and Johnnie Torrio, who created the model for gangland organization. Prohibition finally ended in 1933 when the nation's most influential people, as well as the general public, acknowledged it had failed.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-coach pleads guilty to sex, drug charges (The Cincinnati Enquirer says Thomas Oswald, a former Little League coach in Hamilton accused of giving a 16-year-old girl "drugs" and money to induce her to have sex with him and to pose naked for photos, pleaded guilty Tuesday to 15 criminal charges.)From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Ex-coach pleads guilty to sex, drug charges Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 20:21:08 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: The Cincinnati Enquirer Pubdate: Wednesday, December 16, 1998 Online: http://enquirer.com/today/ Ex-coach pleads guilty to sex, drug charges BY STEVE KEMME HAMILTON -- A former Little League coach accused of giving a 16-year-old girl drugs and money to induce her to have sex with him and to pose naked for photos pleaded guilty Tuesday to 15 criminal charges. One day before his trial was scheduled to begin in Butler County Common Pleas Court, Thomas Oswald entered a plea bargain that could send him to prison for as long as 18 years. Mr. Oswald pleaded guilty to attempted compelling of prostitution, two counts of illegal use of a minor in nudity-oriented material, possession of marijuana, three counts of corrupting another with drugs, possession of sexually oriented material involving a minor, three counts of permitting drug abuse, attempted endangering of children and possession of unauthorized cable TV devices. In another case, he pleaded guilty to receiving stolen property and possession of cocaine. Mike Shank, Mr. Oswald's attorney, said his client decided to enter a plea primarily to avoid the emotional torture of a trial. "Tom is a well-respected businessman. He was concerned about putting a lot of people through a trial." Mr. Oswald, 46, of Hamilton, is in the remodeling business. He will be sentenced Feb. 1 on 13 charges by Judge Patricia Oney, who will take over the seat of Judge Moser, who is retiring. He will be sentenced Feb. 2 on the charges of receiving stolen property and possession of cocaine by Judge Matthew Crehan. A charge of illegal possession of drug paraphernalia was dropped and two other charges were reduced, said assistant county prosecutor Dan Gattermeyer. The victim, now 17, agreed with the plea bargain, he said. In a search of Mr. Oswald's home, police said they found videotapes and about 200 photos of naked people, including the girl, sometimes engaging in sex.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Facing charge, he stops playing Santa (The Philadelphia Enquirer says for the last eight years, Michael Maltman has brought joy to the hearts of Westville youths by dressing as Santa Claus and parading up and down Broadway in the days leading up to Christmas. This year, he is facing five years in prison on charges of possessing crack cocaine. However, in the spirit of the holidays, many of the borough's 5,000 residents have come out in support of Maltman, and 50 of them rallied behind him Monday at a special council meeting on the issue.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Facing crack charge, man stops playing Santa Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 20:21:56 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: The Philadelphia Enquirer Pubdate: December 16, 1998 Online: http://www.phillynews.com/inquirer/98/Dec/16/city/CSANT16.htm Facing charge, he stops playing Santa * The Westville man is accused of possessing crack. But many in his N.J. town are united in support of him. By Tanyanika Samuels and Jon Stenzler INQUIRER SUBURBAN STAFF WESTVILLE -- For the last eight years, Michael Maltman has brought joy to the hearts of borough youths by dressing as Santa Claus and parading up and down Broadway in the days leading up to Christmas. But not this year. This December, Santa's sleigh was derailed by a charge of possessing crack cocaine and an appearance next Monday in Camden County Superior Court. If convicted, Maltman faces a possible five years in prison. However, in the spirit of the holidays, many of the borough's 5,000 residents have come out in support of Maltman. On Monday, 50 of them rallied behind him at a special council meeting on the issue. "I certainly can't condone drug use, nor would I," Donna Domico, superintendent of public works and Maltman's boss for nine of the 14 years he has worked at the department, said yesterday. "But until he's found guilty, if he's found guilty, he should be able to participate." After reports in the Gloucester County Times stirred up the issue, Maltman, 38, of Summit Avenue, threw in his white beard and shiny black boots on Monday, electing to step down as Kris Kringle until the affair is settled. Maltman, who played Santa Claus in Westville's annual Christmas parade on Dec. 4, was also supposed to participate in three other parades through local neighborhoods. Those parades, scheduled to start two days ago, were postponed. The first will now be held tonight, and Maltman will be replaced by coworker Dennis Christ. Other volunteers have come forward to help with parades Friday and next Monday night. On July 2, Maltman, wife Elizabeth, then 30, and their then-18-month-old daughter were pulled over at 12:01 a.m. by Patrolman Scott Bishop of Haddon Township after he saw their blue Ford pickup swerving as it headed south on Route 130 near Nicholson Road. After the pickup stopped, Bishop wrote in his report, there was "unusual activity" in the front seat. When questioned, Michael and Elizabeth Maltman told Bishop to search the truck "if he wanted to," the police report said. The officer did and found seven blue bags containing crack cocaine wrapped in a white paper towel and stashed under the child's car seat. Upon questioning, Elizabeth Maltman told Haddon Township police that her husband bought the drugs outside a Wawa on Collings Avenue in Camden and that the two planned to use the drugs later. According to the police report, Michael Maltman admitted buying the drugs and said he and his wife were going to use them. The police report also stated that Michael Maltman was bleary-eyed and slurring his words. He was taken to Kennedy Memorial Hospital-University Medical Center/Cherry Hill, where he was given a blood test that came up negative for drugs and alcohol, police said. While Michael Maltman has been told by his lawyer not to comment on the Santa issue, others in this working-class borough, which spans all of one square mile, have spoken up in his defense. Mayor Bill Packer said it never occurred to him or other council members to prohibit Maltman from participating in the parade this year. "I didn't think about it," he said. "The same people do the same thing in the borough every year. Mike has been Santa Claus, and he was going to be. Nobody complained about it." Virginia Horn, the Borough Council president, said in an interview that council members knew about the drug charge but "still went ahead with [ him being in the parade ], primarily because he was not convicted." "This is a small town. We all know each other, so it certainly was no secret that Mike had this arrest in July," she said. As an active volunteer in the town, Maltman has organized town watches, coached soccer and baseball, worked with senior citizens, and dressed up as Santa Claus at schools and the local library, Domico said. One of the few to speak against Maltman's involvement has been Westville's chief of police, Joseph LaPella. "I know you're innocent until proven guilty, but it was in bad taste," he said. "He could have waited till next year." Horn said anyone who objected to Maltman's playing Santa had ample time to voice concern. The borough held a council meeting on the Tuesday before the Dec. 4 parade and a public meeting since. She said no one had complained at the meetings. In August, Elizabeth Maltman pleaded guilty to possession of an illegal substance. She received two years' probation, was fined about $1,200, and lost her driver's license for six months, court records show. Borough officials said that they would continue to support Maltman and that they hoped he would be able to resume portraying Santa Claus next year. "We've all made mistakes, and I believe in second chances," Domico said. (c)1998 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Liquor/Beer Regulations (A letter to the editor of the Louisville, Kentucky, Courier-Journal, from the president of Expressway Liquors, who is also president of Champions For a Drug Free Kentucky, responds to news about local college students who died in an alcohol-related incident by pointing out the hypocritical double standards and regulations allowing beer to be purchased more easily than hard alcohol.) Date: Sat, 19 Dec 1998 10:19:24 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US KY: LTE: Liquor/Beer Regulations Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Louisville Courier-Journal (KY) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.courier-journal.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Courier-Journal LIQUOR/BEER REGULATIONS The recent deaths of the University of Kentucky students have prompted me to write this letter. The tavern at which the students were drinking is licensed only for beer sales. I would like to show how beer has long been treated as a lesser alcohol by society and by the laws that regulate the sale of alcohol. It is a fact that a can of beer is the same as a glass of wine or a mixed drink. Look at the differences in the regulation and sale of beer. One of the first points to make is that liquor and wine cannot be sold at a location that sells gasoline. Beer is available at every gas station in a wet county. If there is logic to not selling liquor at a gas station, why does it not apply to beer? At a minimum, beer should not be sold cold and ready to drink at a gas station. To be fair about it, ban drive-up windows at package stores at the same time. What a great message we send to the young driver when he or she sees the iced-down single beers at the checkout counter. Liquor and wine package sales licenses are limited under a quota system. For example, Jefferson County is authorized approximately 200 liquor-store-type licenses. There are over 1,500 beer licenses in the same county. There is no quota system for beer licenses. You can have beer licenses right next door to each other. Liquor licenses must have a minimum distance between them. If a liquor store has its license suspended for seven days for selling beer to a minor, that liquor store closes up during the time of suspension. If a grocery store, gas station or mini-mart receives the same suspension, the store simply stops selling beer that week. The suspension is of little significance for these stores because they continue on with their primary business. The punishment's deterrent effect is lost. If you remain open for business, then beer sales should be suspended at the rate of five days for every one day of suspension, otherwise close the entire business during the suspension. What about selling beer? You can be 18 years old and sell beer by the package at the local grocery store, mini-mart or gas station. You must be of age to sell liquor. Talk about the fox guarding the hen house. Have you ever had the checkout clerk ask you to "scan the beer"? Well, thanks for helping that 16- or 17-year-old child break the law. Take another look at the selling of alcohol at college sporting events. We added Jack Daniel's cocktails right next to the pizza. We still have alcohol ads inside the stadium. There are many companies that wish to advertise at Papa John's stadium; they just cannot match the money offered by the alcohol guys. Why is beer advertised on television and liquor ads are taboo? Take them all off the television. On the overall subject of alcohol: Current state laws only require the seller to not sell alcohol to a minor. There is no minimum standard for what is an acceptable identification card for alcohol purchases. Use of a fake ID is considered a mitigating factor in determining punishment. Tobacco sales laws mandate that the ID must be a driver's license or personal ID issued by a government agency. There is no mandate for the licensee to keep a book that depicts other state ID cards. Do you know what an Iowa license looks like? People who sell tobacco must have each employee sign a statement indicating that they were briefed concerning the law on selling tobacco to minors. Not so with alcohol sales. Alcohol sellers accept off-the-wall ID as proof of age and believe they are "off the hook." They are still liable for the offense, but the horse is out of the barn by then. I have confiscated many a bogus ID from underage persons, only to learn that they have used the ID for years. The fine for a kid buying alcohol is $100. In Arizona, an attempt to buy alcohol while underage will cause a six-month driver's license suspension. In closing, I would urge people to contact their legislators about these concerns. Cut this letter out and mail it to them. I have seen the smoke from this fire for years and have been yelling "Fire" for a very long time. My voice is not strong enough. I need your help to get the message out. KEN SINGER President Expressway Liquors Inc. Louisville 40208 Mr. Singer is vice president of the Louisville Metro Chapter of Mothers Against Drunk Driving and president of the local Champions For a Drug Free Kentucky. - Editor.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cops Sued Over Drug Arrest Await Verdict (The Miami Herald says a federal jury in Broward is deliberating today whether two police officers in Hollywood, Florida, violated the civil rights of a man who claims he was wrongly arrested on drug charges in 1996.) Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 20:13:23 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US FL: Cops Sued Over Drug Arrest Await Verdict Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Miami Herald (FL) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.herald.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Miami Herald Author: Karla Bruner Herald Staff Writer COPS SUED OVER DRUG ARREST AWAIT VERDICT A federal jury in Broward is deliberating today whether two Hollywood police officers violated the civil rights of a man who claims he was wrongly arrested on drug charges in 1996. Dwight Edman, 21, claims in a lawsuit that Sgt. Jeff Marano and former Officer Anthony Fernandez wrongly accused him of involvement in a drug deal. "The officers conceded there was no probable cause. The city still takes the position that the arrest was lawful," Hugh Koerner, Edman's attorney, said in closing arguments Tuesday. "We vigorously dispute that contention. The city doesn't want to take responsibility. They must, and they should." The suit, before U.S. District Judge Wilkie Ferguson, names Marano, Fernandez and the city of Hollywood. Edman and a friend, Jerome Watson, were on their way to get pizza on Jan. 31, 1996, when they were arrested, accused of delivering a fake cocaine rock to Marano, who was working undercover. Prosecutors dropped the charges against Edman after Marano admitted the arrest was a mistake. Watson pleaded no contest and was sentenced to probation. Then-Police Chief Rick Stone transferred Marano from the patrol division to a desk job, citing another lawsuit filed days earlier that also named Marano, among others. Fernandez was fired in May for repeatedly violating department rules. Koerner said Edman, who disputes that there was ever a drug deal, was strip-searched. He was also interrogated by Fernandez, who allegedly applied pressure behind his ear. A psychologist testified during the five-day trial that Edman suffers post-traumatic stress disorder from the ordeal. Edman's parents testified that the once "happy-go-lucky boy" no longer laughs and plays with his cousins but instead now is depressed and easily angered. Bruce Jolly, representing Marano and Fernandez, called Edman "manipulative" and "sheltered" and said the claim of the disorder is a "scam." "Until this case was approaching trial, he had never sought therapy," Jolly told the jury during closing arguments. "If a problem had truly existed, the problem would have been treated." Dan Abbott, an attorney for the city, said the testimony of six other officers contradicts Edman's claim of abuse. Edman "says it happened, and his friends don't come to testify," Abbott told the jury. "What reason do you have to believe that six officers lied, and one man is telling the truth?" In addition to deciding whether Edman's rights were violated and whether to award damages, jurors are also mulling three claims against the city: whether its employees made a false arrest, whether they committed battery and whether they submitted a report that wrongfully caused prosecution. Herald staff writer Karla Bruner (email@example.com)
------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. study shows marijuana can affect fertility (Reuters uncritically passes along yesterday's news about the latest drug-warrior junk science from the United States suggesting cannabis may have medical utility as a birth-control adjunct.) From: GDaurer@AOL.COM Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 18:21:31 EST To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: U.S. study shows marijuana can affect fertility Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org U.S. study shows marijuana can affect fertility WASHINGTON, Dec 16 (Reuters) - Scientists said Wednesday they had shown how active ingredients in marijuana can affect fertility by damaging sperm function. They said natural body compounds known as anandamides, which are similar to compounds found in marijuana, may be important for helping sperm get to and fertilize an egg. Cannabinoids in marijuana are similar enough to anandamides to confuse the body and interfere with this, they said. Herbert Schuel and colleagues at the University of Buffalo in New York said human sperm contain receptors, a kind of chemical doorway, that the active ingredients in cannabis can use. "We've known for 30 years that very heavy marijuana smoking has a drastic effect on sperm production within the testis, which can lead to higher rates of infertility," Schuel said in a statement. "Our new findings suggest that anandamides and THC in marijuana smoke may also affect sperm functions required for fertilization in the female reproductive tract." Anandamides are neurotransmitters, or message-carrying chemicals. It has been known for years that the cannabinoids, the active ingredients, in marijuana are similar enough to anandamides to use the same chemical doorways into brain cells. Schuel's group found that sperm also carry receptors for anandamides, and that cannabinoids will attach themselves to these receptors given a chance. Reporting to a meeting of the American Society of Cell Biology in San Francisco, Schuel's group said the cannabinoids interfered with the release of enzymes the sperm need to penetrate an egg, with the regulation of sperm swimming and with the binding of a sperm to the outside of an egg. Evidently, he said, when people use marijuana heavily the body becomes flooded with cannabinoids and normal functions that use the similar anandamide chemicals are overwhelmed. 21:57 12-16-98
------------------------------------------------------------------- Army Role In Mexico Rights Abuse Alleged (According to The Irish Times, Mrs Rosario Ibarra, 71, a leading campaigner for "disappeared" persons who is currently visiting Ireland, said disappearances are increasing in Mexico as a result of intensified military efforts against drug trafficking. Mrs Ibarra, who was the first woman candidate for the Mexican presidency, and a senator for the Democratic Revolutionary Party between 1994 and 1997, also criticised the UN Human Rights Commission for being reluctant to challenge Mexico over documented abuses. A commission investigation into disappearances announced last August had yet to begin, she said.) Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 20:12:14 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Mexico: Army Role In Mexico Rights Abuse Alleged Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Source: Irish Times (Ireland) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.irish-times.ie/ Copyright: 1998 The Irish Times Pubdate: 16 Dec 1998 Fax: ++ 353 1 671 9407 Mail: Letters to Editor, The Irish Times, 11-15 D'Olier St, Dublin 2, Ireland Author: Joe Humphreys ARMY ROLE IN MEXICO RIGHTS ABUSE ALLEGED Disappearances are increasing in Mexico as a result of intensified military efforts against drug-trafficking, according to a leading campaigner for the disappeared currently visiting Ireland. Mrs Rosario Ibarra (71), whose son went missing in 1975 after being kidnapped by police, says that at least 100 people have disappeared recently "under the cloud" of drugs policing. These are in addition to 500 cases on the books of Comite Eureka, a solidarity group which she founded over 20 years ago for the parents of the disappeared. "On the pretext of looking into narcotics-trafficking, the army is now detaining many, many people on the northern and southern borders near Guatemala and the United States. They kidnap them and take them to military prisons, and if they find something they want they release them, and if not they disappear. "If they are guilty of something they judge them but don't disappear them," she said. "It is against every law. There is not any law in all the world which gives permission to disappear a person. But they do this in Chile, in Argentina, in Mexico." Many of the disappeared, including Mrs Ibarra's son, Jesus Piedra, were taken to secret prisons located in military bases. She said she had not given up hope that her son was alive, adding that Comite Eureka has found 148 people alive in clandestine jails. One of 300 human rights defenders honoured at a ceremony in Paris last week to mark the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Human Rights, Mrs Ibarra was the first female candidate for the Mexican presidency and a senator for the Democratic Revolutionary Party between 1994 and 1997. She said claims that the political and economic situation in Mexico was improving were "a lie", blaming the former president, Mr Carlos Salinas, now living in Dublin, for widening the gap between rich and poor. "He said he was trying to put Mexico in the First World. But he was the only one living like the First World while the rest of the people starved. And now he is living in the First World." Every four minutes, she said, a child died of malnutrition in Mexico. Some 12 million people are unable to afford basic clothing and 14 million are illiterate. Mrs Ibarra also criticised the UN Human Rights Commission for being reluctant to challenge Mexico over documented abuses. A commission investigation into disappearances announced last August had yet to begin, she said. "It's a crime like the crime first committed by the government of Mexico to let so much time pass." Of the Mexican government, she said: "We want them to open the secret prisons and release our children. We want for them to give back with an embrace all of the light that they have robbed from us. This is our dream for the last 20 years."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mitch Damage Seen Upping Drug Traffic In Caribbean (Reuters quotes Derek Haines, Chief Superintendent of the Caymans Drugs Task Force, saying Tuesday that the destruction of roads and bridges in Central America by Hurricane Mitch may force South American traffickers to move more illegal drugs through the Caribbean rather than over land, through Mexico.) Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 17:09:51 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Wire: Mitch Damage Seen Upping Drug Traffic In Caribbean Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. MITCH DAMAGE SEEN UPPING DRUG TRAFFIC IN CARIBBEAN GEORGE TOWN, Cayman Islands, Dec 16 (Reuters) - The destruction of roads and bridges in Central America by Hurricane Mitch may force South American traffickers to send more illegal drugs through the Caribbean, according to a top regional law enforcement official. Derek Haines, Chief Superintendent of the Caymans Drugs Task Force, said on Tuesday washed out bridges on the Pan-American highway had slowed the flow of drugs along that route and seen traffickers return to the sea lanes. "I expect more drugs from South America to transit the various routes across the Caribbean and into the U.S. in the coming months, rather than go by land through Mexico to the U.S. border," Haines said. Hurricane Mitch, one of the most powerful Atlantic storms this century, struck Central America in late October, killing thousands of people and causing catastrophic damage in Honduras and Nicaragua. Haines made the comments after his department, along with the U.S. Coast Guard, made the second major marijuana seizure in the past two weeks in the western Caribbean. The seizures followed a year-long lull in smuggling in the region as South American drug lords found the borders of Central American nations easier to penetrate, Haines said. "They are now turning their attention back to the high speed boats as a means of smuggling," he said. Authorities have seized more than 1,500 lbs (680 kg) of high-grade marijuana, valued at more than $5 million, in Cayman waters in the past two weeks. The Cayman Islands, a British dependent territory in the western Caribbean, are known as an upscale offshore financial centre and a prime scuba diving destination.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Italian Researchers Say The Sweet Doesn't Mimic Marijuana (According to The Philadelphia Inquirer, scientists in Italy said today that, contrary to earlier reports, certain substances in chocolate do not appear to mimic the effects of marijuana on the brain. "Furthermore, they said, most of the substances - known as endocannabinoids - are broken down in the digestive system before they reach the brain.")Date: Thu, 17 Dec 1998 18:40:28 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Italy: Italian Researchers Say The Sweet Doesn't Mimic Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Galasyn Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA) Contact: Inquirer.Opinion@phillynews.com Website: http://www.phillynews.com/ Forum: http://interactive.phillynews.com/talk-show/ Copyright: 1998 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc. Pubdate: Dec 16, 1998 Author: Paul Nussbaum ITALIAN RESEARCHERS SAY THE SWEET DOESN'T MIMIC MARIJUANA Go ahead, indulge your chocolate fantasies. They may make you fat, they may make you happy, but they won't, apparently, make you high. Scientists in Italy reported today that, contrary to earlier reports, certain substances in chocolate do not appear to mimic the effects of marijuana on the brain. The Italian researchers reported that cocoa contains no more of the suspect substances than such uncelebrated foods as milk or oatmeal. Furthermore, they said, most of the substances -- known as endocannabinoids -- are broken down in the digestive system before they reach the brain. Vincenzo Di Marzo, of the Istituto per la Chimica di Molecole di Interesse Biologico in Naples, and colleagues reported their findings in today's issue of the journal Nature. Di Marzo said yesterday that it would take at least 100,000 times the test dosage, which was equivalent to 3 ounces of chocolate, to detect any psychoactive response from the brain. That would mean a 22,000-pound candy bar. Di Marzo's research was proposed and partially funded by the Nestle Research Center, a subsidiary of the Swiss-based chocolate-maker. But Di Marzo said Nestle "never tried to influence our results or lead our research." He said Nestle provided cocoa beans for testing and about 10 to 15 percent of the funding for the research. But he said he and his fellow researchers also bought chocolate in their neighborhood supermarkets for testing to avoid relying on Nestle for its chocolate. Di Marzo and his colleagues tested unfermented cocoa beans, cocoa powder, and finished chocolate to measure levels of endocannabinoids and to analyze their biological effects. They were following up on a report published in 1996 that suggested that chocolate could make people feel good because of the substances "that could act as cannabinoid mimics." But the chocolate-as-drug debate is sure to continue. The authors of the original report responded in today's Nature article that the Di Marzo study "will reassure manufacturing companies that the risks of chocolate consumption do not include cannabis-like intoxification, [ but ] they provide little new information on the intriguing psychopharmacology of cocoa." One of the initial report's authors, Daniele Piomelli, associate professor of pharmacology at the University of California, Irvine, said yesterday: "Dr. Di Marzo and his colleagues are entitled to think that chocolate has no pharmacological effect at all. But then how do they explain chocolate craving, its prevalence in women during menstruation, its unusual occurrence in certain cases of drug abuse? These facts, which have been documented in the scientific literature, point to a biological basis for chocolate craving." Piomelli said he and his colleagues have continued their research on the effects of the components of chocolate and will soon release the results.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Chocolate "Addiction" a Fiction? (Reuters says research by Italian scientists, reported in the journal, Nature, suggests the much-touted marijuana-like properties of chocolate may not contribute to chocolate cravings after all. The researchers found milk and cocoa do contain substances that mimic marijuana's effects, but not enough to have psychoactive effects. However, the research team apparently wasn't very sure, and recommended studies to determine if low doses of such substances could affect behavior.) Date: Sun, 20 Dec 1998 10:26:38 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Wire: Chocolate "Addiction" a Fiction? Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 Source: Reuters Copyright: 1998 Reuters Limited. CHOCOLATE "ADDICTION'' A FICTION? NEW YORK, Dec 16 (Reuters Health) The much-touted marijuana-like properties of chocolate may not contribute to chocolate cravings after all, findings from an Italian study suggest. Analyzing milk and cocoa, researchers found they do contain substances that mimic marijuana's effects, but not enough to have psychoactive effects. However, in their report in the journal Nature, the research team recommend studies to determine if low doses of these substances can affect behavior "before the relevance of these compounds to the purported mild rewarding and craving-inducing effects of cocoa can be dismissed.'' In previous and widely-publicized studies, scientists reported that cocoa contains anandamide, a pleasure-inducing compound produced in the brain, and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), substances that further mimic marijuana by enhancing anandamide's effects. After analyzing milk and cocoa separately, Dr. Vincenzo Di Marzo of the Istituto per la Chimica di Molecale di Interesse Biologico in Naples and colleagues confirm that both cocoa and milk contain anandamide, NAEs, 2AG, and a similar substance called oleamide. But neither milk nor cocoa appear to contain enough of these substances to produce marijuana-like effects, they write. Stomach acids break down most of the compounds before they reach the blood stream, according to the researchers. But in a reply also published this week in Nature, the researchers who previously reported finding NAEs and related substance in cocoa, criticize the Italian study. Among other things, Di Marzo and colleagues failed to test the concentrations of all the NAEs found in cocoa, Dr. Massimiliano Beltramo and Dr. Daniele Piomelli of the University of California at Irvine, argue. Ultimately, both groups of researchers leave open the possibility that chocolate may contain addictive compounds. "This substance remains, in R. J. Huxtable's apt words, 'more than a food but less than a drug,''' write Beltramo and Piomelli.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, No. 78 (The weekly summary of drug policy news from DrugSense leads with the feature article - The U.S. Supreme Court and your rights, by Mark Greer. The Weekly News In Review includes several articles on Effective Activism - Drug war; The main thing; Drug crusade has produced everything but success. Articles about Policy include - McCaffrey blasts medicinal marijuana; New FDA chief vows to put science first; Column: Dumping DARE a good start; Texas tobacco-suit lawyers reportedly get $3.3 billion. Articles about Law Enforcement include - Editorial: Three-strikes' economics; Corruption in the system; Drug probes find smugglers in the military. Drug Use Issues are discussed in - Teen meth use outpaces treatment; Rise in cigarette smoking doesn't bother Burma government; Toxic markers called 'poor man's drug.' International news includes - UK: Drugs and weapons seized as police arrest 70 in dawn raids; UK: Drugs-related deaths double in Glasgow; UK: Drug smugglers' European Union; Mexico: Brazen drug dealers frustrate Mexico, US; Heroin use going up among US teen-agers. The weekly Hot Off The 'Net section has yet another full page ad in The New Republic. The DrugSense Tip Of The Week features a hot tip on searching the DrugNews Archive. The Quote of the Week cites Tom Armstrong. The Fact of the Week shows treatment beats interdiction.) Date: Wed, 16 Dec 1998 12:01:51 -0800 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly, December 16, 1998 #078 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly, December 16, 1998 #078 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org A DrugSense publication This newsletter may be read on-line at: http://www.drugsense.org/dsw/1998/ds98.n78.html PLEASE NOTE: The DrugSense Weekly will be taking a one week hiatus next week (12/23) to give our many NewsHawks, Editors, Staff and Management some time to spend the holidays with family and friends. We will return with the issue of 1/6/99. Many thanks and happy holidays to all our hard working staff and subscribers. HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO MARK GREER Today is Mark Greer's Birthday. Find out which one by making a contribution to DrugSense ;o). Please see: http://www.drugsense.org/donate.htm You can donate on-line quickly and easily! Or see below for other options. *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article The U.S. Supreme Court and Your Rights by Mark Greer Weekly News In Review Effective Activism- Drug War The Main Thing Drug Crusade Has Produced Everything But Success Policy- McCaffrey Blasts Medicinal Marijuana New FDA Chief Vows to Put Science First Column: Dumping DARE a Good Start Texas Tobacco-Suit Lawyers Reportedly Get $3.3 Billion Law Enforcement- Editorial: Three-Strikes' Economics Corruption in the System Drug Probes Find Smugglers in the Military Drug Use Issues- Teen Meth Use Outpaces Treatment Rise in Cigarette Smoking Doesn't Bother Burma Government Toxic Markers Called 'Poor Man's Drug' International - UK: Drugs And Weapons Seized as Police Arrest 70 in Dawn Raids UK: Drugs-Related Deaths Double in Glasgow UK: Drug Smugglers' European Union Mexico: Brazen Drug Dealers Frustrate Mexico, US Heroin Use Going Up Among US Teen-Agers * Hot Off The 'Net Yet another Full page ad in The New Republic * DrugSense Tip Of The Week Hot Tip on Searching the DrugNews Archive * Quote of the Week Tom Armstrong * Fact of the Week Treatment Beats Interdiction *** FEATURE ARTICLE The U.S. Supreme Court and Your Rights by Mark Greer The Supreme Court in a refreshing and important ruling last week came down in defense of the Fourth Amendment rights of citizens nationwide against unreasonable search and seizure. The case stems from an Iowa case in which the defendant was initially stopped for driving 43 MPH in a 25 zone was subsequently searched and marijuana was found. Despite what has seemed to be a long term and relentless erosion of individual freedoms as exemplified by asset forfeiture, three strikes laws, and undermining of popular medicinal marijuana initiatives in California and Arizona this heartening reassertion that individuals actually do still posses some rights indicates there may be hope for our judicial system after all. More details on this and other specific cases can be read at the following web sites: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1143.a01.html [Editorial: No Blanket Searches] http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1144.a10.html [Supreme Court Prohibits Police From Routinely Searching Vehicles] http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1145.a08.html [Supreme Court Protects Some Visitors From Searches] http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1153.a07.html [Justices Limit Searches By Police In Traffic Stops] *** Know and Exercise Your Rights The Fourth Amendment to the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution states: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. The Fifth Amendment reads, in part, "No person shall be...compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law...." These amendments provide the foundation for the rights that protect all U.S. Citizens from intrusive law enforcement practices. 1. Don't Leave Contraband in Plain View Although law enforcement officers must obtain a warrant before they can conduct a privacy-invading search, any illicit material that can be plainly seen by any person from a non-intrusive vantage point is subject to confiscation. An arrest and a valid warrant to search the rest of the area is likely to ensue. A "roach" in the ashtray, a pipe or baggie on the coffee table, or a joint being smoked in public are common mistakes which all too-frequently lead to arrests. 2. Don't Put Anything Incriminating Into the Trash Various courts have ruled that law enforcement officers are allowed to rummage through curbside trash bags without a warrant. A few seeds or stems can then be used as a basis for obtaining a warrant to search the individual's home. In fact, anything discarded into the public domain can be picked up by the police and used as evidence. 3. Never Consent to a Search Many individuals arrested on marijuana charges could have avoided that arrest by exercising their Fourth Amendment rights. If a law enforcement officer asks permission to search, it is usually because: (1) there is not enough evidence to obtain a search warrant; or (2) the officer does not feel like going through the hassle of obtaining a warrant. Law enforcement officers are trained to intimidate people into consenting to searches. If an individual does consent, he waives his constitutional protection and the officers may search and seize items without further authorization. If officers find contraband, they will arrest the person. If an individual does not consent to a search, the officer must either release the person or detain the person and attempt to get a warrant. The fact that an individual refuses to consent does not give the officer grounds to obtain a warrant. The individual should politely say, "I do not consent to a search of my person, belongings, home, or vehicle. I retain my Fourth Amendment rights and all other rights under the United States Constitution. I will say nothing until my attorney is present." If the officer conducts a search anyway, without a warrant, any contraband will likely be declared invalid evidence by the judge, and any charges will probably be dropped. If the officer does attempt to obtain a warrant and is successful in doing so, the validity of the warrant can still be challenged in court. It is always better to refuse to consent to a search. 4. Don't Answer Questions Without Your Attorney Present Whether arrested or not, individuals should always exercise the right to remain silent. Anything a person says to law enforcement officers, reporters, cell mates, or even their friends can be used as evidence against him or her. Individuals have the right to have an attorney present during questioning. The right to remain silent should always be exercised. 5. Determining if You Can Leave A person may terminate an encounter with officers unless the person is being detained under police custody or has been arrested. If the person cannot tell whether he or she may leave, the person can ask officers, "Am I under arrest or otherwise detained?" If the answer is, "No," the person may leave. 6. Do Not Be Hostile; Do Not Physically Resist There are times when individuals politely assert their rights and refuse to consent to a search but the officers nonetheless proceed to detain, search, or arrest them. In such cases, it is important not to physically resist. Rather, the individual might say, "Do what you feel you must; I will not physically resist. However, I do not consent to this." The individual can later challenge the search in court. 7. Informing on Others The police and prosecutors often try to pressure individuals into providing information that would lead to the arrest and conviction of others. Threats and promises by police and prosecutors should be viewed with caution and skepticism. Decisions should only be made after consulting with an experienced criminal defense attorney and examining one's own conscience. Finally, consider downloading and carrying the ACLU's "Bustcard" http://www.aclu.org/library/bustcard.html a quick reference guide to your rights and obligations when you are stopped by the police. Thanks to NORML for contributing some of the above text http://www.NORML.org *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** An Example of Effective Activism- COMMENT: 3 articles from the Fort Worth Star-Telegram show how activists can use local events to further their message. The Dallas-Fort Worth "Metroplex" has long been an active drug market. The first editorial is an example of the hand-wringing response typical of the area's two major dailies, the Star-Telegram and the Dallas Morning News. The second is a shocked front page editorial after DPFT members stood up at a local "anti-drug" rally and asked if drug war policy itself weren't contributing to the problem. Although the editors didn't "get it" right away, the next op-ed suggests that the torrent of e-mail it provoked from around the country (aided by a MAP alert) was not without effect. DRUG WAR The attempt to mount a coordinated police effort against drug traffic across Northeast Tarrant County is crumbling. It still exists, but only a handful of communities are participating. And just when the drug world is growing stronger and claiming more victims, the agency that was put together to lead drug law enforcement in our communities has gotten weaker. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 2 Dec 1998 Section: Star-Telegram editorial Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ URL:http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1106.a08.html *** THE MAIN THING It comes as a surprise - a jarring surprise. It comes just when the message is sinking in with parents across the Metroplex that there is an alarming problem of young people using very dangerous drugs. Many of these young people are dying from heroin overdoses. [snip] Then comes the surprise: Someone stands up at the forum to voice a very different message - that people should have more open access to drugs. That the fight against currently illegal drugs is futile. That drug use should be "decriminalized" and treated as a medical issue, not a police matter. [snip] Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram Pubdate: Tues, 1 Dec 1998 Section: Star-Telegram editorial Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Related: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1096.a05.html *** DRUG CRUSADE HAS PRODUCED EVERYTHING BUT SUCCESS If bloody turf wars, official corruption and unconstitutional searches and seizures are blessings, we can thank the war on drugs for our good fortune. This latest incarnation of Prohibition has led to a 20 percent increase in substance addiction and a maximum 5 percent reduction of supply. The crusade has produced other marvels: * A million arrests per year for drug offenses. * A prison population that exploded from 200,000 in 1966 to 2 million in 1996. [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 4 Dec 1998 Source: Ft. Worth Star-Telegram (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.star-telegram.com/ Copyright: 1998 Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas Author: Don Erler, Northeast Editorial Columnist URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1121.a10.html *** Domestic News- Policy *** COMMENT: With Congressional hearings dominating the news, McCzar's San Antonio speech was little noted by the press; however his propaganda litany, ranging from a nasty crack about cannabis through untrue and illogical assertions on most other policy issues, dashed whatever faint hope his recent endorsement of methadone maintenance might have encouraged. McCaffrey's promise to "protect science," on the issue of medical cannabis sounded fatuous when he made it nearly two years ago; the new FDA chief just made a similar, albeit more generic, promise. Her credentials are better, but it's not likely that Congressional watchdogs would ever permit scientific objectivity to compromise drug war doctrine. McCAFFREY BLASTS MEDICINAL MARIJUANA SAN ANTONIO, Dec. 8 (UPI) - U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey says the nation is winning the war on drugs, but victory is being jeopardized by the medicinal marijuana movement. Addressing the Council of State Governments Annual Convention in San Antonio today, McCaffrey said, ``pain management is not best done with a joint and two vodkas.'' [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 10 Dec 1998 Source: United Press International Copyright: 1998 United Press International http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1147.a12.html *** NEW FDA CHIEF VOWS TO PUT SCIENCE FIRST The new director of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Dr. Jane Henney, promised Tuesday to strengthen the science base of an agency criticized in recent years for bowing to industry pressure. The cancer specialist, speaking publicly for the first time since taking over as head of the FDA, promised to put the agency at the "top of the science game." [snip] Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Pubdate: 9 Dec 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1139.a07.html COMMENT: D.A.R.E. received another editorial slam in a conservative daily newspaper; evidence some drug war sacred cows are at last becoming vulnerable to factual analysis. DUMPING DARE A GOOD START Dec. 8 - It's only a baby step, the tiniest movement toward rational public policy. A handful of cities have dared to dump the DARE program. Like most aspects of the war on drugs, DARE has been a colossal waste of money. A study commissioned by the U.S. Justice Department found the program's effectiveness at keeping kids off drugs to be "statistically insignificant.'' [snip] Pubdate: Tues, 8 Dec 1998 Source: Denver Post (CO) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.denverpost.com Copyright: 1998 The Denver Post Columnist: Diane Carman, Denver Post Staff Columnist http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1143.a08.html *** COMMENT: The generous fees awarded to Texas lawyers for their service to the cause of Public Health reminded us that last year, Congress failed to come up with a tobacco policy, intelligent or otherwise. TEXAS TOBACCO-SUIT LAWYERS REPORTEDLY GET $3.3 BILLION DALLAS - The lawyers involved in the Texas tobacco settlement have been awarded nearly $3.3 billion by a national arbitration panel, The Dallas Morning News reported today. The decision, which the newspaper said is the largest attorney fee award in U.S. history, means Texas will not have to pay any money to the five plaintiffs' lawyers. The money will come from tobacco companies. [snip] Pubdate: Friday, 10 December 1998 Source: Seattle Times (WA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Seattle Times Company Author: The Associated Press URL:http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1149.a10.html *** Law Enforcement *** COMMENT: Dissatisfaction with the growth of prisons continues; the inevitable budget-busting nature of California's 3-strikes legislation was well known when the measure was passed, yet every Assemblyman facing re-election voted for it; only those facing term limits voted against it. Molly Ivins impressed by Eric Schlosser's dire analysis of the US prison colossus, devoted a second column his Atlantic Monthly article. Unfortunately, its impact will be reduced by the impeachment fracas. THREE-STRIKES' ECONOMICS As California's "three strikes" law catches more nonviolent offenders in its snare, support is growing to amend it so the third strike must be violent to trigger a lengthy sentence. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 10 Dec 1998 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1149.a11.html *** CORRUPTION IN THE SYSTEM In the current issue of `The Atlantic Monthly' is "The Prison-Industrial Complex," a major investigation of just how out of control and increasingly corrupt the system is. But in order to understand the mistakes we're making in responding to the cry for more prisons, you first have to understand why we think we need them. Eric Schlosser reports: "The prison boom in the United States is a recent phenomenon. Throughout the first three-quarters of this century the nation's incarceration rate remained relatively stable, at about 110 prison inmates for every 100,000 people. In the mid-1970's the rate began to climb, doubling in the 1980's and then again in the 1990's. The rate is now 445 per 100,000: among adult men it is 1,100 per 100,000. During the past two decades roughly a thousand new prisons and jails have been built in the United States. Nevertheless, America's prisons are more overcrowded now than when the building spree began, and the inmate population continues to increase by 50,000 to 80,000 a year." [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 9 Dec 1998 Source: San Mateo County Times (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.newschoice.com/newspapers/alameda/smct/ Columnist: Molly Ivins: email@example.com Note: The Atlantic Monthly article is posted, in three parts at: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a04.html http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1113.a05.html http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1114.a01.html http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1151.a01.html *** COMMENT: The following article in the LA Times (also carried in the SF Examiner) should give pause to those who have advocated increased use of our military in fighting the drug war. DRUG PROBES FIND SMUGGLERS IN THE MILITARY SAN DIEGO--The American military has encountered an unexpected enemy in its war on drugs: U.S. servicemen smuggling marijuana and cocaine into California for Mexican drug rings. At least 50 Marines and sailors have been investigated "in recent years" for drug running, according to the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. Eight military probes involving 20 Marine and Navy suspects were launched in the past year alone, officials said in response to a Times inquiry. And investigators said five of the cases involved Marines suspected of driving narcotics through Camp Pendleton to apparently help traffickers avoid the Border Patrol checkpoint on nearby Interstate 5. Officials refused to provide names of the suspects or other details about the smuggling cases, including how many were prosecuted or convicted. The number of service members implicated in smuggling is relatively small compared to the more than 100,000 sailors and Marines stationed in the San Diego area. [snip] Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Copyright: 1998 Los Angeles Times. Fax: 213-237-4712 Pubdate: 13 December 1998 Author: H.G. Reza, Times Staff Writer http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1152.a01.html *** Drug Use *** COMMENT: The following cluster of articles were chosen to illustrate three elements our policy won't deal with realistically: the human urge to change perception is global, it's found among juveniles, it embraces all available substances, legal of not, and can be the basis of a profitable trade either legal or illegal. TEEN METH USE OUTPACES TREATMENT As Youths' Meth Use Rises, Treatment Lags Methamphetamine - virtually unheard of among young drug users a few years ago - has replaced other hard drugs as the preferred high among adolescents in Iowa, officials say. The surge comes as counselors and advocates for youth say funding for ongoing treatment is in short supply and the cost of treatment for some of the most vulnerable teen-agers has become prohibitive. [snip] Pubdate: Sun, 06 Dec 98 Source: Des Moines Register (IA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dmregister.com/ Copyright: 1998, The Des Moines Register. Author: Lee Rood, Register Staff Writer http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1132.a08.html *** RISE IN CIGARETTE SMOKING DOESN'T BOTHER BURMA GOVERNMENT MANDALAY, Burma---When U Soe Thein Oo attended a concert a few months ago by Iron Cross, the most popular Burmese heavy metal band, he got more than just an earful of "Desert Moon," the band's hit love ballad. [snip] Across the country young people tell similar stories of how they were drawn to cigarettes by free handouts and slick advertising tactics never before seen in Burma as tobacco multinationals focus their powerful marketing machines on potential smokers. [snip] Source: International Herald-Tribune Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.iht.com/ Copyright: International Herald Tribune 1998 Pubdate: Mon, 7 Dec 1998 Author: Thomas Crampton, International Herald Tribune URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1142.a01.html *** TOXIC MARKERS CALLED 'POOR MAN'S DRUG' The toxic marker that sent 13 Buena Park youths to area hospitals is the tool of choice for some graffiti artists, but it has a far more dangerous use as an inhalant. The Magnum 44 marker contains high levels of xylene, which can cause heart rhythm problems that can lead to sudden death, said Cynthia Johnson, a California Poison Control system toxicology case manager. "This is not something you want to play around with," Johnson said. Repeated abuse, she said, can slow reaction time, irritate eyes and case lung and kidney damage, dizziness, memory loss and tremors. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 8 Dec 1998 Source: Orange County Register(Ca) Contact: (email@example.com) Website: (http://www.ocregister.com/) Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Author: Heather MacDonald and Bill Rams-OCR URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1142.a04.html *** International News *** COMMENT: Those who scan Drug news Digests or read this newsletter regularly must be struck with one simple fact: whatever McCaffrey's claims about "success" in the drug war, the volume of the international illicit drug trade is surging. Articles trumpeting huge seizures don't speak to the success of interdiction, but to its failure- just as huge "busts" of retail workers, and the scare stories of "skyrocketing" juvenile use in one country after another testify to the failure of prohibition to "control" drug use. The international section of this newsletter has become a chronicle of this market growth; the article on teen heroin use in the US is included only to emphasize that whatever McCaffrey's attempt to put a nice face on domestic news, America is also part of the expanding world market our policy sustains. DRUGS AND WEAPONS SEIZED AS POLICE ARREST 70 IN DAWN RAIDS POLICE claimed a big victory in the fight against heroin dealers yesterday after an operation aimed at stopping a huge rise in the use of the drug. Lothian and Borders police arrested 70 people, seized more than UKP300,000 in illegal substances and assets and confiscated an arsenal of weapons during Operation Foil. [snip] Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Copyright: The Scotsman Publications Ltd Pubdate: 8 Dec 1998 Author: Andrew Walker URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1139.a01.html *** DRUGS-RELATED DEATHS DOUBLE IN GLASGOW DRUGS-RELATED deaths in Glasgow have more than doubled in the past year, according to a new police report. Heroin is the main killer, with a growing number of users injecting the drug in a highly risky cocktail with temazepam - a benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 10 Dec 1998 Source: Independent, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Copyright: Independent Newspapers (UK) Ltd. Author: Stephen Goodwin, Scotland Correspondent URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1147.a10.html *** DRUG SMUGGLERS' EUROPEAN UNION Gungor Tekin was one of Turkey's most renowned international footballers, a hero to the fans of not one but two of the country's biggest clubs. This week he is starting a 23-year sentence in a British jail after being convicted of a heroin smuggling operation that has cast light on the new international links of the heroin trade. What has emerged from the case and other recent operations is that there is now a European criminal community that is cooperating far more successfully than their ministerial counterparts. While eastern European countries are still negotiating over entry into the EU, criminal gangs across Europe have joined forces to exploit what is still a growing market. [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 12 Dec 1998 Source: Guardian, The (UK) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.guardian.co.uk/ Copyright: Guardian Media Group 1998 Author: Duncan Campbell, Nikolai Chavdarov and Antoaneta Nesheva URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1151.a03.html *** BRAZEN DRUG DEALERS FRUSTRATE MEXICO, U.S. Officials Accused of Protecting Them For several months this year, a Mexican army lieutenant trained by the CIA was leading the most sensitive anti-narcotics investigation in Mexico. He was pursuing tips that he believed tied a powerful drug kingpin to the governor of the Yucatan state that includes the lavish beach resort of Cancun and its $2 billion tourist industry. [snip] U.S. and Mexican officials said that state police as well as military troops assigned to Quintana Roo routinely permit passage of drug shipments that arrive on the beaches by boat, at clandestine airstrips and overland though neighboring Belize and Guatemala. "Everyone there is bought and paid for," said a U.S. official familiar with the Yucatan operations. [snip] Source: Washington Post (DC) Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Washington Post Company Pubdate: 13 Dec 1998 Author: Molly Moore and Douglas Farah URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1152.a04.html *** HEROIN USE GOING UP AMONG US TEEN-AGERS Heroin use has risen rapidly in recent years among U.S. teens, with many middle-class youngsters snorting the drug in the mistaken belief that it's less addictive than shooting up, experts say. [snip] Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Copyright: 1998 The Orange County Register Pubdate: 8 Dec 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n1139.a05.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET *** Yet Another Full Page Ad in The New Republic You can view a copy of the current Common Sense ad which appears in the New Republic. The ad focuses on Joe Califano's Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse and asks whether Columbia University is compromising its integrity and prestige to be associated with them. The ad can be viewed at: http://www.drugsense.org/ads/ along with the other Common Sense ads. ***
|This advertisement appeared in the December 21, 1998 issue of The New Republic.|
Is Columbia University Compromising its Integrity and
Is this one more exception to standards
of accuracy and decency in the name of
The War on Drugs?
Visit Drug War Facts at: www.drugsense.org
Common Sense for Drug Policy, Kevin B. Zeese President,
703-354-5694, 703-354-5695 (fax), email@example.com
*** TIP OF THE WEEK *** Matt Elrod Advises: Our search engine at http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/ will allow you to do phrase *title* searching by putting dots between your keywords. This is an undocumented feature I wrote myself. For instance, if you wanted to find articles containing "School of the Americas" in the title/subject, then you would search for: School.of.the.Americas It is important to note that this works for title searches only but can be quite handy in a number of situations. *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK *** "Let me see if I've got this Santa business straight. You say he wears a beard, has no discernible source of income and flies to cities all over the world under cover of darkness? You sure this guy isn't laundering illegal drug money?" -- Tom Armstrong *** FACT OF THE WEEK *** Treatment is 10 times more cost effective than interdiction in reducing the use of cocaine in the United States. Source: Rydell, C.P. &; Everingham, S.S., Controlling Cocaine, Prepared for the Office of National Drug Control Policy and the United States Army, Santa Monica, CA: Drug Policy Research Center, RAND (1994). *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (firstname.lastname@example.org) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (email@example.com) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to firstname.lastname@example.org PLEASE HELP: DrugSense provides this service at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort please Make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: The Media Awareness Project (MAP) Inc. d/b/a DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
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