------------------------------------------------------------------- Final Oregon returns on medical marijuana and recrim (A list subscriber says unofficial final tallies of votes cast in Oregon's election Tuesday show Measure 67 winning with 54 percent and Measure 57 losing by 66 percent - both numbers down a point from previously cited figures.) From: LawBerger@aol.com Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 19:23:46 EST To: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: DPFOR: Final (Unofficial) Oregon Returns (Medical mj and Recrim) Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Measure 67 (Medical) Yes 597,747 54% No 500,377 46% Measure 57 (Recrim) Yes 365,341 34% No 722,662 66%
------------------------------------------------------------------- Community View - DARE Deserves A Chance (A letter to the editor of The Statesman Journal, in Salem, Oregon, laments the the Salem-Keizer School District's decision to cut the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program from half of its schools.) Date: Mon, 9 Nov 1998 17:59:01 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US OR: 5 LTE's: Community View: DARE Deserves A Chance Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield (email@example.com) Source: Salem Statesman-Journal Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.statesmanjournal.com Author: Karin Casteel, Brittany Baldwin, Doug Williams, Kristen Gossett, Seth Dollinger COMMUNITY VIEW: DARE DESERVES A CHANCE I was deeply saddened to read about the Salem-Keizer School District's decision to cut the DARE program from half of its schools. As an elementary education major at Western Oregon University, I've had the opportunity to observe the DARE program in action. Not only does DARE educate students about drugs, but more .important. it teaches them how and why to say no to drug abuse. Drug abuse is on the rise among youth. Since the effectiveness of DARE is difficult to measure, the rising numbers of youth abusing drugs is utilized in forming the conclusion that DARE does no work But I wonder what the statistics would be if there were no DARE program. Such studies are inconclusive because they only look at one area of the issue without incorporating other possibilities. Is this to say that when students' reading and mathematics scores drop, we should cut these areas from education as well? I wonder what message we are sending to children, when we give up on a program that can do so much good, simply because some people question its effectiveness Too much emphasis is put on the students' test scores. They are published in the newspapers periodically to show us how students are stacking up to national averages. But what are these tests actually telling us? They simply show society how capable children are of memorizing facts and regurgitating data. Such tests tell us nothing about an individual's ability to think for himself or herself, or to do work collaboratively at solving a challengmg problem. This is not to say that I don't think the basic subjects in school aren't important, because they are. But I urge you to go to any college or university education program and find out what.is being taught. Educators are learning to teach all subjects in a more holistic manner, meaning that the basics are emphasized, as well as life skills that students must know to survive, DARE teaches many of these life skills to students. A regular classroom teacher can help students learn these. But there's something special about a police officer coming into a classroom, with first-hand knowledge and experiences to teach the kids. Students develop a rapport with the officer and grow to respect him/her and what he/she has to offer. As a 21-yesrold observing a fttth-grade classroom during weekly DARE, I learned things about drugs that I never even knew before. But DARE is not just about drugs; it's about building childrens self-esteem and giving them confidence in how to handle difficult situations. There always will be kids who make wrong decisions when it comes to drug abuse. But the DARE program is a wonderful way to empower children and help them feel good about themselves. We have to at least give students the opportunity to learn valuable information that can be so useful in life. Combined with a good base of education and fundamentals, DARE can go so far. Please give it a chance
------------------------------------------------------------------- Officer gets pension for gambling disorder (The Philadelphia Inquirer says a former cop in San Jose, California, who is serving time in jail for burglary has been awarded early retirement and a $27,000-a-year pension because his addiction to gambling has left him officially disabled. The city's attorney said that disability retirement benefits could be offered for psychiatric reasons that involved an element of drug or alcohol abuse.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Officer gets pension for gambling disorder Date: Sun, 8 Nov 1998 19:46:23 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Not exactly drug related, but a $27,000/yr retirement for an addiction...(CC) *** Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: The Philadelphia Inquirer Pubdate: November 7, 1998 Online: http://www.phillynews.com/inquirer/98/Nov/07/national/GAMB07.htm Officer gets pension for gambling disorder REUTERS SAN JOSE, Calif. -- A former city police officer now in jail on burglary charges has been awarded early retirement and a $27,000-a-year pension because his addiction to gambling has left him officially "disabled." The San Jose Police and Fire Retirement Board voted 3-2 on Thursday to offer a disability pension to Johnny Venzon Jr., who is in Santa Clara County Jail charged with a string of thefts allegedly undertaken to support his gambling habit. "I'm sure we'll get a lot of flak," board member Bill Brill told the San Jose Mercury News. "Johnny's no shining star. Obviously, our concern was with his family. . . ." Venzon, 48, has been accused of embezzling money from the Police Department, possessing stolen police uniforms, burglarizing homes, and stealing from relatives of the recently deceased, the paper said. He is charged with 14 counts of burglary, one count of grand theft, and one count of receiving stolen property. Bail is set at $300,000. Medical experts said Venzon suffered from obsessive-compulsive disorder centered on gambling, which they said was a "pathological" problem standing in the way of his police career. City Attorney Joan Gallo, while calling Venzon's case unique, said that disability retirement benefits could be offered for psychiatric reasons that involved an element of drug or alcohol abuse.
------------------------------------------------------------------- News from Inside (A list subscriber shares a letter from David Herrick, the former San Bernardino County sheriff's deputy and medical marijuana patient sentenced to four years in prison after being denied a Proposition 215 defense. Herrick says the recent news about California prison guards supposedly being ordered not to shoot prisoners in fights anymore doesn't seem to have trickled down to the rank and file yet.)Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 09:00:38 -0800 To: email@example.com From: "Tom O'Connell" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: DPFCA: News from Inside Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ I just rec'd the following from David Herrick. He is still in a "reception facility" at Wasco State Prison, awaiting transfer to a more permanent (and hopefully more pleasant) location at CMC (California Men's Colony)- don't you just love the official euphemisms? The projected date of his transfer has come and gone without explanation. His conditions within Wasco, despite the somewhat welcoming implication of "reception facility" are very grim; I had just informed him of the change in "shooting policy" as reported in newspapers about ten days ago. Dave wrote: *** "As of today there have been no noticeable changes in procedure in this unit. A "gunner" still mans the indoor tower when we go to eat and go for day room. There is a gunner in the outdoor tower when we go to the yard. Signs proclaiming "no warning shots will be fired" still abound inside an out. M-14 7.62 caliber rifles and sawed-off scatter shotguns are still weapons of choice. So I guess no one advised Wasco of the "change in shooting policy". All correctional officers who work with or near inmates carry PR-24 aluminum side-handle batons, pepper spray, handcuffs, and have "panic buttons" and two-way radio communications. All prisoners in "Admin-seg" (the hole) are escorted by two very large special detail ("goon squad"), correctional officers who can kick butt with no problem. The "escorted" inmate is ankle chained, and waist- chained ( arms handcuffed to sides). And all inmates must turn and face the wall or fence when "Escort" is shouted by any correctional officers observing the movement. Control is the name of the game. If an alarm sounds anywhere on the facility, you, the inmate drop to the ground, "prone out" and remain prone until the "all clear" has sounded." *** Tom O'Connell
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mendocino Sheriff, DA Favor Decriminalizing Pot (The San Francisco Chronicle notes the new district attorney and the new sheriff in Mendocino County, California favor decriminalizing the illegal weed. For the past three years, Mendocino has led all other counties in California in the number of marijuana plants seized under a state-run eradication program. Sheriff's deputies say that last year, the department destroyed about 170,000 plants valued at $68 million and so far this year has destroyed about 65,000 plants valued at $26 million.) Date: Sun, 8 Nov 1998 20:01:08 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Mendocino Sheriff, DA Favor Decriminalizing Pot Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Copyright: 1998 San Francisco Chronicle Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Author: Susan Sward MENDOCINO SHERIFF, D.A. FAVOR DECRIMINALIZING POT In Mendocino County -- where marijuana is a booming, multimillion-dollar crop -- the new district attorney and the new sheriff favor decriminalizing the illegal weed. The district attorney-elect, Norman Vroman, is a Ukiah lawyer who served nine months in a federal prison after failing to file federal income taxes, a misdemeanor. Vroman told The Chronicle that he favors decriminalizing marijuana ``because the war on drugs isn't working. If it is a war, we lost it a long time ago. ``. . . I will prosecute cases of commercial cultivation, but I think laws against the cultivation of marijuana are ridiculous. Because it is illegal, that's what keeps the price up there.'' The new sheriff, Tony Craver, has been a lieutenant in the Sheriff's Department and lives in Fort Bragg. He said he has no plans to ``pick up a banner and march to Sacramento in some movement to legalize marijuana. But my personal belief is we should deal with marijuana the way we do with alcohol. ``We have spent billions on the war on drugs, and there's been a zero decrease in the sale and use of drugs. . . . I am suggesting maybe we aren't doing the proper thing.'' State law makes possession of small amounts of marijuana a misdemeanor and makes cultivation a felony. Both Vroman, 61, and Craver, 59, said they will enforce the law, but they said society should focus on violent crimes. The election of the two men comes at a time when marijuana clinics dispensing the drug in the state under Proposition 215 are being threatened with closure or have already been closed by federal authorities, who say the drug is illegal. That state proposition, approved by voters in 1996, legalized the use and cultivation of marijuana for medical purposes. ``Medical use of marijuana is a no-brainer in Mendocino County because there is general sympathy for legalization here,'' said Mendocino County Supervisor Charles Peterson. ``A very healthy piece of the county's economy comes from the cultivation of marijuana,'' Peterson added. ``It's cash. It's not taxed, and the money stays in the county.'' In the vineyard, logging and ranch country 100 miles north of San Francisco, many people say Vroman's and Craver's election victories show that folks are fed up with the war on drugs. ``We're as close to the laws of the Old West as you can get with these new people being elected,'' said Bill Bailey, who runs a $10 million-a-year mail-order logging supply business in Laytonville and employs 30 people. ``It's kind of like you obey the laws you want to.'' Sheila Larson, who owns Boomer's Bar and Grill in Laytonville, says she has ``watched taxpayer dollars dwindle away for 20 years on the supposed eradication of marijuana. ``I think marijuana is more prevalent now than it was in 1964, when we moved here from San Francisco to raise our kids,'' Larson said. ``I would prefer this eradication money go to the schools.'' For the past three years, Mendocino has led all other counties in the number of marijuana plants seized under a state-run eradication program. Sheriff's deputies say that last year, the department destroyed about 170,000 plants -- valued at $68 million -- and so far this year has destroyed about 65,000 plants -- valued at $26 million. The drop from last year is explained by the fact that two big groves of plants were found in 1997, according to sheriff's Captain Kevin Broine. ``We are certainly seeing more marijuana grown up here than before,'' he said. ``It's concentrated in remote areas.'' Broine's new boss, Craver, defeated sheriff's Lieutenant Phil Pintane by 58 percent to 42 percent in an election to fill the position left vacant by retiring Sheriff Jim Tuso. In the district attorney's race, Vroman defeated Susan Massini, the county's district attorney for 12 years, by a vote of 52 percent to 48 percent. Vroman told voters he has never found any law requiring him to file income tax returns. Since his stint in federal prison in the early 1990s, however, Vroman -- a former deputy district attorney in both Los Angeles and Mendocino counties -- says he now files his income tax returns. Bailey said he did not think the federal tax conviction would hurt Vroman because ``a lot of people are upset with their taxes. When it comes to rapes and holdups and all, Vroman will prosecute as much as anyone.'' Bailey said the region generally is divided into two camps -- people who favor legalization of marijuana and those who favor its decriminalization for personal use. The 56-year-old Bailey, a former logger, said, ``We think if marijuana were legalized, it could be raised someplace else and it could be taxed, and our community could come back to earth and live as we have for nearly a century.'' As it is, Bailey says the illegal cultivation of marijuana brings easy money into the community and teaches the wrong values. He said: ``The minute your child knows the way to make a living is to stick your thumb in the earth and drop a marijuana seed in there and water it and sell the plant for maybe $5,000, why is there a need for education or a need to be a team player in the community?''
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oregon's Home Invaded (A letter to the editor of The Houston Chronicle about the killing of Pedro Oregon Navarro by Houston prohibition agents who broke into the innocent man's home without a warrant says a citizen has the right to defend his home from invasion by any means necessary.) Date: Mon, 9 Nov 1998 00:45:36 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US TX: PUB LTE: Oregon's Home Invaded Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.chron.com/ Copyright: 1998 Houston Chronicle Author: T. Brooks Taylor III, Houston OREGON'S HOME INVADED In Joe S. Price's Nov. 4 Viewpoints letter ("HPD steps out in Oregon death"), he states he does "not want to uphold the Houston Police Department officers in the Pedro Oregon Navarro shooting," then proceeds to uphold them. The last time I checked, a citizen ("criminal," according to Price) has the right to defend his home from invasion by any means necessary. Unless a police officer is in hot pursuit, a search warrant is required by law. If Houston Police Department officers plan an invasion, they are required by department policy to inform their superiors. Neither was done. I understand that a police officer cannot "wait" to be shot at before shooting and I also understand why an officer would fire a weapon repeatedly to make sure any threat is nullified. But reloading and continuing to fire at a corpse goes beyond the pale. Oregon was not the criminal; although I suspect there were criminals in his home that night. T. Brooks Taylor III, Houston
------------------------------------------------------------------- A Gruff, Grammarless Governor-Elect Jesse 'The Body' In No Rush To Rule (The San Francisco Chronicle says Minnesota's new Reform Party winner, Jesse Ventura, said the drug problem can only be solved by eliminating the demand for drugs because, Ventura said, his mother "told me the drug war today is no different from Prohibition. And I trust my mom." Would somebody please point out to Jesse's mom that Prohibition was not ended by eliminating the demand for alcohol?) Date: Mon, 9 Nov 1998 00:45:46 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US MN: A Gruff, Grammarless Governor-Elect Jesse `The Body' In Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Copyright: 1998 San Francisco Chronicle Author: Steve Rubenstein, Chronicle Staff Writer A GRUFF, GRAMMARLESS GOVERNOR-ELECT JESSE `THE BODY' IN NO RUSH TO RULE The man with the shaved head came out foursquare yesterday in favor of water beds, marathon runners, cigars, his mother and $120-a-bottle champagne. He is against drugs, hypocrites and ``the guy who jacks up the price $1 every year to park at Timberwolves (basketball) games.'' Those were the promulgations being promulgated by Jesse ``The Body'' Ventura yesterday after he decided to sally forth from his horse ranch and come to the Capitol to get cracking on this governor thing that 772,285 Minnesota voters with their eyes open enfranchised him to do this week. The former pro wrestler, who wore feather boas to work in his previous calling, showed up yesterday in a tie. He made it to his basement office, just down from the furnace room, around 11 a.m. He managed to stay put for 40 minutes or so, before leaving to conduct a one-hour radio town hall meeting in which fewer holds were barred than his no-holds-barred days in the ring. He was frank, polite, endearing, gruff, quotable, friendly. The only enemy was English syntax, which fared about as well as the last tag team to put on tights against him. ``I wouldn't have did it,'' he replied at one point, in between a few references to ``boughten'' candidates and a suggestion that his questioner ``add up the mayor and I's vote totals.'' One caller who competes in the Minneapolis marathon complained that no governor ever waves at runners when the annual race passes by the governor's mansion, and what does Ventura intend to do about that? ``I will be there, cheering you on. I will be out there with a hose, squirtin' em,'' he said, adding that he would compete himself if he hadn't ``gotten fat as a pig.'' Another caller asked whether Ventura planned to move into the governor's mansion. Ventura said he preferred to stay home on the ranch outside Minneapolis, close to his horses and his water bed. ``I do like sleeping in a water bed. I don't know what kind they have there (at the mansion).'' He turned to the host of the show. ``Gary, what kind of mattress you have?'' Ventura also asked Gary if he wanted to buy his trademark Porsche, because the state troopers want him to use the official car. ``You interested?'' the governor-elect asked. As for the horses, the election was good for them, too. ``After I won, I walked in the house and said to myself, `Did I die?' There were flowers everywhere. Four or five bouquets in every room. It's nice to have flowers when you're not dead. I put all the flowers in the barn. Now the horses have got 'em in their stalls.'' Asked about a reported Ventura hangover after his election night party, the governor-elect said it wasn't his fault. ``When you open a bottle of Dom Perignon, you don't pour it down the sink. You finish that baby.'' Ventura's mother got into the discourse after a question about illegal drugs. The drug problem can only be solved by eliminating the demand for drugs because, Ventura said, his mother ``told me the drug war today is no different from Prohibition.'' ``And I trust my mom.'' No, said Ventura, he hasn't gotten around to appointing anyone to state government yet. He said he was thinking about it. Around the Capitol, where Ventura seems to have done little so far, folks are hoping that the wrestler has not gotten himself into something over his polished head. Perhaps stung by reports that there was not yet a lot of transitioning taking place in the governor-elect's transition office, the suite was closed to visitors. Workers installed a plywood screen over a window on the front door, preventing photographers from shooting pictures showing how empty the office was. About the only business that was conducted involved a young man in buzz-cut hair and chains, with a chrome padlock dangling from a belt loop, who showed up and politely inquired whether Mr. Ventura would be needing any help. A state trooper gave him a phone number to call. And a five-term state legislator, Doug Peterson, dropped by to ask whether he could briefly congratulate the new governor. Nobody in the office knew who Peterson was. No, he could not schedule an appointment, because no one in the office was in charge of appointments. Peterson left his card. ``I don't think he knows what he's doing,'' Peterson said. ``Good luck.'' Any plans Ventura might have had of getting any work done yesterday went south after state troopers found a suspicious package with ``Mad Bomber'' written on it taped to a tree outside the Capitol. Ventura was whisked away, the five-story stone building was evacuated and the police bomb squad loaded the parcel into a safety trailer to haul it away. A short time later, as the bomb squad wagon was proceeding down the freeway to a disposal area, the parcel was somehow dislodged from the trailer and bounced down the roadway. Cars swerved around it, while news cameras captured the escaping package on TV from a helicopter flying overhead. The package turned out to be empty. ``It's been a very interesting week around here,'' said one Capitol secretary.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-cops sentenced for bribes (The Daily Southtown, in Chicago, says two former Ford Heights police officers, Odell Boxley and Kerwin Hall, were sentenced Friday to 11 years and three months in prison for accepting bribes from drug dealers whom they allowed to do business in the village. The two faced up to 15 years in prison, but the prosecutor requested the lesser terms because they informed on other corrupt officers.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Ex-cops sentenced for bribes Date: Sun, 8 Nov 1998 19:46:51 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Daily Southtown (Chicago) Pubdate: Saturday, November 7, 1998 Online: http://www.dailysouthtown.com/index/dsindex.html Ex-cops sentenced for bribes By Gene O'Shea, Staff Writer Two former Ford Heights police officers were sentenced Friday to 11 years and three months in prison for accepting bribes from drug dealers whom they allowed to do business in the village. Officers Odell Boxley and Kerwin Hall faced up to 15 years in prison, but Assistant U.S. Attorney Jonathan Bunge requested the lesser terms because they helped the government in the prosecution of other corrupt officers. In October 1996, federal authorities detailed what they described as "pervasive and consistent'' corruption within the Ford Heights Police Department with the indictments of most of the members of the force at that time. In a plea agreement reached in June, Boxley admitted he took five payoffs totaling $1,500 from drug dealers and government informants posing as dealers. Boxley, 58, worked as a Ford Heights police officer from 1988 to 1996. Hall, 40, who worked as a Ford Heights officer from 1989 to 1993, admitted accepting eight bribes totaling $2,627. Both officers faced 17 counts of racketeering. In exchange for their pleas, all but one racketeering count was dropped. Dressed in orange prison jumpsuits, both officers declined to address the court before sentencing. But U.S. District Court Judge George M. Marovich got a response from Boxley after he asked a question. "What was going on in Ford Heights was a crime. A cancer on the community. I don't see Mr. Hall or Mr. Boxley as organizers or instigators ... more like, 'This looks like a good idea because everyone else is doing it.' How did this work out as an hourly wage for you?'' Marovich asked. "Not very good, your honor,'' Boxley said in response. Of seven Ford Heights officers charged as part of the federal probe, Hall and Boxley are the fifth and sixth to either plead guilty or be convicted. The indictments effectively disabled the police force in Ford Heights, which at the time employed only a handful of full- and part-time officers. New officers have been hired and are being trained. In the meantime, patrol responsibilities have been carried out largely by Cook County sheriff's police and state police. Among those indicted were former acting Police Chief Jack Davis and Sgt. Vincent Taran Hunter. Davis, 58, was sentenced in October 1997 to 20 years in prison after being convicted of bribery, extortion, racketeering and narcotics offenses. Hunter is scheduled to plead guilty to corruption charges Nov. 19.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug dealer comes to the rescue of 81 year old man (A MSNBC broadcast on WBAL says Jerome Golden of Glen Burnie, near Baltimore, Maryland, was freed after a dealer convinced a carjacker at gunpoint to release the man he had taken on a five-hour crack-buying spree.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "_Drug Policy --" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Drug Dealer comes to the rescue of 81 year old man Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 19:23:31 -0800 Sender: email@example.com Crooked cops? Sure! But drug dealer stopping a kidnapping? Has the world gone topsy turvy? :-) Bob_O *** Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: MSNBC Pubdate: Nov. 07, 1998 Online: http://www.msnbc.com/local/WBAL/24169.asp Drug Dealer comes to the rescue of 81 year old man by Jamie Myers [BALTIMORE] - A drug dealer saved an 81-year-old man from carjacker who took the man a five-hour, crack-buying spree, police said. Jerome Golden of Glen Burnie was freed after the dealer convinced the carjacker at gunpoint to release Golden. Neil Whiting, 37, is charged with abducting Golden as he was getting into his car in a restaurant parking lot in Glen Burnie and driving him to Baltimore, where he went on the drug spree using $90 stolen from Golden, police said. Many of the people encountered during the Oct. 17 spree were curious and sympathetic to Golden's plight, but did not do anything to help. The abductor tried to trade Golden's car, watch and his late wife's wedding band for drugs, but the drug dealers refused everything but cash. Eventually, one of the dealers forced the carjacker at gunpoint to free Golden and a group of drug dealers persuaded Golden to drive them to a hotel, where they told him about 1 a.m. that he could go, police said. Whiting was arrested based on statements by Golden, who told police that his abductor mentioned he had been released from prison two weeks earlier after serving a five-year term. Based on that information and a physical description, investigators identified Whiting, police said. Whiting, who was arrested Oct. 31, was ordered held without bond. Golden's son, Michael Golden, served as campaign spokesman during former Gov. William Donald Schaefer's successful run for state comptroller. ``Mr. Golden kept his head through the whole thing, and gave us a lot of information," said Det. Tim Lose. The carjacking is one of three robberies Whiting is accused of committing over two days in Glen Burnie, Lose said. Whiting also admitted robbing a drug store and a hotel, police said. *** When away, you can STOP and RESTART W.H.E.N.'s news clippings by sending an e-mail to email@example.com. Ignore the Subject: line. In the body put "unsubscribe when" to STOP. To RESTART, put "subscribe when" in the e-mail instead (No quotation marks.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- District, ACLU Unite Behind Marijuana Vote (The Washington Post says the District of Columbia government and the American Civil Liberties Union asked a federal judge yesterday to overrule Congress and uphold the results of Tuesday's vote on Initiative 59, the medical marijuana ballot measure. A judge will hear arguments Monday.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "_Drug Policy --" (email@example.com) Subject: DISTRICT, ACLU UNITE BEHIND MARIJUANA VOTE Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 18:10:29 -0800 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Washington Post, November 7, 1998 DISTRICT, ACLU UNITE BEHIND MARIJUANA VOTE Judge to Hear Arguments Monday on Releasing and Certifying Referendum Results By Bill Miller Washington Post Staff Writer Saturday, November 7, 1998; Page A10 The District government and the American Civil Liberties Union asked a federal judge yesterday to overrule Congress and uphold the results of Tuesday's vote on a controversial medical marijuana initiative. Because of a congressional amendment, D.C. elections officials contend they are prohibited from even releasing the results of the vote on Initiative 59, which would permit seriously ill people to use marijuana for medical purposes. Although ballots were counted, the outcome has remained secret. Yesterday, D.C. lawyers filed papers in U.S. District Court contending that the action by Congress violates the First Amendment rights of D.C. residents and prevents elections officials from carrying out their duties. "Here in the District of Columbia -- unlike in any other jurisdiction in the country -- Congress has chosen to stand democracy on its head," according to papers filed by D.C. Corporation Counsel John M. Ferren. An amendment to the D.C. appropriations bill, passed by Congress on Oct. 21, less than two weeks before the election, bars the District from spending money on any initiative that would "legalize or otherwise reduce" penalties for users of marijuana. Acting on behalf of the initiative's backers, the ACLU filed suit Oct. 30 against the D.C. Board of Elections and Ethics, seeking a court order that would require the board to certify the vote on the initiative so it can become law. On Wednesday, the ACLU filed a request under the Freedom of Information Act to learn the election's results. Yesterday, it went back to court seeking an order requiring the District to quickly reveal the outcome. Judge Richard W. Roberts has scheduled a hearing for Monday. Now that the ACLU and the District are in agreement on the issues, the judge could ask the Justice Department to represent Congress in the case. The D.C. government said it hopes to certify the results of the initiative along with all other ballot issues on Nov. 18. Initiative 59 would change D.C. law to legalize the possession, use, cultivation and distribution of marijuana if recommended by a physician for serious illnesses. Under current law, possession of marijuana is a misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in jail and a fine of $1,000. A9 Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company
------------------------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Gets Five More Votes (A staff editorial in The Rockford Register Star, in Rockford, Illinois, says the Clinton administration cannot ignore the growing public support for patients who need medical marijuana. Voters made it clear Tuesday that a distinction can and must be made between recreational use of chemicals and the therapeutic use of this herb.) Date: Wed, 11 Nov 1998 07:28:31 EST Errors-To: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Originator: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Richard Lake (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Re: What next? Hi, Talkers It is my gut feeling that the wins for mmj did impact on the editors and editorial boards of newspapers here in the heartland where I live. Overall coverage was there, like other interesting initiative issues. But it is editorial notice that really reflects change, IMHO. This does not necessarly happen right after election day, as there is plenty for editors to write about. Just as I found out working with the Journey for Justice wheelchair treks, there are a lot of newspapers out there, large and small. Only a fraction of them are online, and only a fraction of those are covered well by our newshawks. Sure we do reasonably well with some of the majors, and a few newshawks cover specific newspapers with great care, but our coverage is far from complete. Still, a lot of initiative related stories (even though the editing/posting team missed a few that should have been coded MMJ: for initiative related items) have shown up since the election, as shown at: http://www.mapinc.org/props.htm Medicinal Marijuana Initiatives And some of the ones not MMJ: coded can be found at: http://www.mapinc.org/medmj.htm Medicinal Marijuana But what gives me hope is the editorials like the following: *** Subject: MN: US IL: Editorial: MMJ: Medical Marijuana Gets Five More Votes Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: M. Simon email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 07 Nov 1998 Source: Rockford Register Star (Rockford, IL) Copyright: 1998 Rockford Register Star Section: Editorial Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org FAX: 1-815-987-1365 Website: http://www.rrstar.com/ MEDICAL MARIJUANA GETS FIVE MORE VOTES Since the day President Clinton took office his administration has been haunted by his "I smoked but didn't inhale"comment. Afraid of appearing like '60s potheads, administration officials have refused to take a balanced view of the medicinal use of marijuana, going so far as to threaten the licenses of physicians who prescribe it. The administration seems to have little choice now but to get into the '90s: Voters made it clear Tuesday that a distinction can and must be made between recreational use of chemicals and the therapeutic use of this herb. Voters in five states - every state that had a referendum on the issue - approved the medicinal use of marijuana, following California's lead. The clean sweep assures the issue will appear on ballots in other states in the future. We support the strictly controlled use of marijuana for medicinal purposes, which is what all five referendums proposed. Research shows its benefits in controlling nausea in cancer patients and promoting appetite in people with AIDS and other illnesses. A critical benefit is that it reduces the debilitating eye pressure that glaucoma patients suffer. Though marijuana's medical value is still debated, the New Englad journal of medicine last year said that there is clear evidence marijuana can provide "striking relief" for many patients. The Clinton administration remains opposed, ridiculing relevant studies and insisting that medicinal marijuana will fuel the nation's drug problem. It is an absurd argument. Every year, thousands of cancer patients end their lives with a morphine pump dripping the powerful pain killer into their dying bodies. Does that send a message to America's youth that the government approves of morphine as a party drug? Of course not. The Clinton administration cannot ignore growing public support for this issue. It needs to develop a drug policy sophisticated enough to distinguish between medicinal use and recreational use.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Gingrich to quit Congress (An article by The New York Times and the Tacoma, Washington, News Tribune, notes Newt Gingrich, the speaker of the House of Representatives, has announced he will resign at the end of his current term. No mention is made of Gingrich's role as one of the country's most vehement and ignorant drug warriors. The former pot smoker who once vowed to legislate the death penalty for anyone caught smuggling two ounces of cannabis into the United States was apparently not motivated by nine out of nine reform measures passing Tuesday.) From: "Bob Owen@W.H.E.N." (email@example.com) To: "HempTalkNW" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Gingrich to quit Congress Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 17:05:46 -0800 Sender: email@example.com (c) The News Tribune November 07, 1998 Gingrich to quit Congress Controversial GOP chief sees 'chance to purge the poison' Katharine Q. Seelye; The New York Times ; News Tribune Washington, D.C., correspondent Lawrence O'Rourke contributed to this report WASHINGTON - House Speaker Newt Gingrich, who orchestrated the Republican takeover of Congress in 1994 and pressed the impeachment inquiry into President Clinton, was driven from office Friday by a party that swiftly turned on him after its unexpected losses in Tuesday's midterm elections. Catching virtually everyone on Capitol Hill by surprise, Gingrich said Friday night in two conference calls to other Republicans that he would not seek re-election as speaker and would leave Congress altogether when his current term expired in January. He had just been re-elected to a new term Tuesday. "This will give us a chance to purge some of the poison that is in the system," Gingrich said, according to a party aide who heard one of the calls. Gingrich's decision to resign was a stunning reversal for one of the most combative and confrontational politicians in the United States. He made his name 10 years ago by bringing down one Democratic speaker, Jim Wright, and continued his assaultive style through the elections with last-minute commercials reminding voters of the Clinton scandal. His pugilistic response was evident even Friday night. In his second conference call, according to several members who listened, Gingrich blamed House conservatives for his downfall. Although it was their revolutionary zeal he harnessed to take control of Congress, they have become his most bitter critics in the past two years of his tumultuous tenure as speaker. Friday night, he called them cannibals who had "blackmailed" him into quitting, said those who had listened to the call. Rep. Michael Forbes (R-N.Y.) said: "Newt said all those who had marginalized the Republican Party had engaged in cannibalism. He said, 'Refer to the clips.' He's blaming others." Another Republican, who spoke on condition of anonymity, described the conference call this way: "He started off very statesmanlike, but then you could see the anger building. When someone asked him why he was leaving, he said, 'A handful of members have blackmailed the conference.' He said, 'They're hateful.' And he said, 'They're cannibals.'" Gingrich did not specify why he was leaving Congress as well as not seeking re-election as speaker. But his supporters conceded that after being speaker and after consolidating more power in the office than anyone in recent decades, he would probably find life as a backbencher unbearable. Since he just won re-election this week, a special election will have to be held in his Georgia district to replace him. Gingrich's move set up a scramble for a successor in the powerful post. The speaker, who is second only to the vice president in line for succession to the presidency, controls the legislative agenda, committee assignments and chairmanships in the House of Representatives. Gingrich consolidated the power of the office to a greater extent than other speakers in recent decades. The 105th Congress is in adjournment, but Gingrich has said he would call the House back into session to vote on articles of impeachment, if they are approved by the House Judiciary Committee. He said he would step down at the end of the year, just before the 106th Congress takes office. Gingrich announced his move just hours after Rep. Robert Livingston (R-La.) said he was running for speaker, putting himself forward as a pragmatist and a manager. After the Gingrich calls, Rep. Bill Archer (R-Texas) said he was considering his own run. Rep. Christopher Cox of California, chairman of the Republican policy committee, also announced his candidacy for speaker later Friday, on CNN's "Larry King Live." The list of potential candidates also included House Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde and Rep. Jim Tallent of Missouri. Rep. J.C. Watts of Oklahoma said late Friday he also might run for speaker. Livingston's announcement came hours after Rep. Steve Largent of Oklahoma, a former Seattle Seahawk and a Hall of Fame football player, said he would challenge Rep. Dick Armey of Texas as majority leader. Largent, first elected to Congress four years ago, said the question before House Republicans is "whether we retain the crew of the Titanic or we look for some new leadership." Four years ago, after Republicans swept into control of both houses of Congress after a 40-year absence, the House Republican conference organizational meeting was a triumphant rally, as members picked Gingrich and Armey to lead the Republican revolution. Two years ago, after Clinton's re-election and a reduction in the size of the House GOP majority, Gingrich promised an era of cooperation rather than confrontation. In a statement, Gingrich said, "The Republican conference needs to be unified, and it is time for me to move forward." He said he hoped his colleagues would pick a successor "who can both reconcile and discipline, who can work together and communicate effectively." He also acknowledged his own knack for bringing negative attention to himself and to his party. "If I stay," he told his colleagues Friday night, "my controversial nature would overshadow any successes we might have," an understatement to those who recalled his suggestion two years ago that he forced a shutdown of the government because he was miffed about having to sit in the back of Air Force One on a trip with Clinton. Clinton, who was traveling in Arkansas on Friday, said: "Newt Gingrich has been a worthy adversary.... Despite our profound differences, I appreciate those times we were able to work together in the national interest." Many Republicans took the opportunity to portray Gingrich as a visionary. Rep. Sherwood Boehlert of New York said that during the first conference call, "there was shock and surprise and strong expressions of appreciation for leading us to the Promised Land." His supporters said Gingrich had the votes to win re-election as speaker, a vote to be conducted by secret ballot Nov. 18. Kenneth Duberstein, a former official in the Reagan administration, said, "I have no doubt he had the votes to be speaker, but I'm not sure he had the votes to govern." He said that because of the deep rifts in the Republican Party, Gingrich would not have been able to implement his plans. In an unusually biting reaction, Rep. Dick Gephardt of Missouri, the Democratic leader, said he hoped Gingrich's resignation would clear the fierce partisan air that he had fostered. "I hope that whoever succeeds Newt Gingrich as speaker will immediately begin the process of repairing the damage that was wrought on this institution over the last four years," Gephardt said. Gingrich stumbled many times as speaker. He was forced to pay $300,000 two years ago to preserve his job after being found guilty of ethics violations. He was blamed when the federal government was shut down during a budget stalemate two years ago, and he got less credit for the five-year deal to balance the federal budget by 2002 than did Clinton. News Tribune Washington, D.C., correspondent Lawrence O'Rourke contributed to this report. *** From: Phillizy@aol.com Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 01:54:04 EST To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Gasbags, Coming Around? Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Ever since Newt announced his retirement late Friday afternoon, there has been a steady stream of GOPer Gasbags spinning the news on TV. In the course of their spin, none of these Gasbags fail to rant the Republican mantra of deeper tax cuts, better education, and everlasting social security. However, not one of these Gasbag mentioned the war on drugs. NOT ONE. Can the GOPer's mantra no longer include the war on drugs? Lizy
------------------------------------------------------------------- Drug Reform - US Says Yes (An op-ed in The Canberra Times, in Australia, by Alex Wodak, president of the Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation, summarizes the results of the various drug policy referenda around the United States, and suggests the election results are further evidence that support for a rigid "tough on drugs" approach may soon be a political liability.) Date: Wed, 11 Nov 1998 08:39:08 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Australia: OPED: Drug Reform: US Says Yes Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com (Ken Russell) Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: Canberra Times (Australia) Page: C4 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.canberratimes.com.au/ Author: Alex Wodak, President of the Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation and director of the Alcohol and Drug Service at St Vincent's Hospital Sydney. DRUG REFORM: US SAYS YES FOR DECADES, conventional drug policy has been sustained by powerful myths. One of the most potent of these myths was the widespread belief that support for drug-policy reform inevitably meant political suicide at the ballot box. Results in this week's United States mid-term Congressional elections are further evidence that support for a rigid "tough on drugs" approach may soon he a political liability. Perhaps that day has already arrived. Voters in six western states and the District of Columbia took part in 11 ballots on drug policy. A majority of voters in all 11 ballots supported drug reform. In Alaska, 58 per cent of voters supported a proposal to allow the controlled use of cannabis for patients with cancer, AIDS and other serious illnesses provided they had a doctor's approval. In Arizona, 67 per cent of voters rejected a proposal to overturn a 1996 medical marijuana law, 52 per cent rejected an attempt by the state legislature to dismantle mandatory treatment and education for first- and second-time drug offenders, while 52 per cent supported a block on the state Govermuent's authority to veto or amend initiatives and referendums supported earlier by a majority of voters. In Colorado, 67 per cent supported an amendment to allow patients with a debilitating condition to discuss with their doctor the benefits and side effects of medical use of cannabis. Patients with a doctor's prescription and written permission from the state health agency would be immune from prosecution. Authorities attempted unsuccessfully to stop this vote being tallied. In Nevada, 59 per cent of voters supported a proposal to allow doctors to recommend medical use of cannabis to patients with cancer, AIDS and other debilitating conditions. In Oregon, 52 per cent supported a ballot to make smoked marijuana legal for patients with cancer. AIDS and other debilitating conditions provided this had a doctor's approval. In a second ballot, 67 per cent rejected a 1997 attempt by the state's legislature to once again make possession of one ounce of cannabis punishable by a fine of up to $1000 and 80 days in jail. In the state of Washington, 59 per cent supported an initiative to remove criminal penalties from the medical use of cannabis for patients with debilitating diseases if they had their doctor's approval. In Washington DC, a majority supported an initiative to permit possession and use of marijuana, if recommended by a doctor, for patients with serious illnesses. Because Congress passed recent legislation prohibiting any federal funding being expended on this initiative, the results will be tallied but not registered with the election commission. The people of the US have spoken and they have spoken clearly. They are ready to move on from ideological policies which do not work, to evidence-based policies which are both effective and compassionate. These results will have a considerable influence on the electoral politics of illicit drugs in the US. Inevitably, some impact will soon be felt in Australia. No-one should be in the least surprised by these results. Clear majorities supported medical cannabis in California and Arizona in ballots coinciding with the US elections two years ago. Focus groups suggested that the results in the 1996 California ballot were influenced by a duplicitous attempt by authorities to block a scientific evaluation of the medical use of cannabis. In Switzerland in September' 1997, 71 per cent of voters in a national referendum (with majorities in all 26 cantons) rejected a proposal to stop the prescription of heroin following a successful medical trial. The 1998 US election results also confirmed what many had long suspected. While politicians and the media were obsessed with the politics developing from the investigation of the President, the people remained focused on issues that really mattered like employment, health and education. In Australia, senior police, capital-city mayors, leaders of the medical and legal professions and influential community members have recognised that conventional illicit-drug policies, relying heavily on law enforcement, have failed resoundingly and support a search for more effective responses. When community members are surveyed about illicit drugs with questions specifying the penalties attached to minor possession offences, support for current policies is unimpressive. Another of the myths sustaining current policy has been the absurd notion that the only choice lies between the status quo and legalisation. But drug-reformers - advocate a third and moderate approach, rejecting, both the excesses of a war on drugs and a free-market, legalisation response. Permitting medicinal use of cannabis for patients with terminal conditions should not be a difficult or controversial matter to resolve in a compassionate country like Australia. Yet, medicinal use of cannabis is denied because of bans on recreational use of the drug. Illicit drugs continue to be a major issue in Australia. The US election results indicate that the ground is moving from under the politicians. Politicians and parties who choose to ignore these messages will not survive.
------------------------------------------------------------------- CIA Turned A Deliberate Blind Eye To Contras' Drug Smuggling (The Independent, in Britain, notes the Central Intelligence Agency's recent report admitting that it deliberately facilitated cocaine trafficking by its Nicaraguan Contra allies in the 1980s.)Date: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 13:37:05 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: CIA Turned A Deliberate Blind Eye To Contras' Drug Smuggling Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Pubdate: Sat, 07 Nov 1998 Source: Independent, The (UK) Mail: 1 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 5DL England Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/ Copyright: . Published by Independent Newspapers (UK) Ltd. Author: Andrew Marshall in Washington CIA TURNED A DELIBERATE BLIND EYE TO CONTRAS' DRUG SMUGGLING The Central Intelligence Agency deliberately ignored evidence of drug smuggling by its Contra allies in the Eighties, the agency has admitted. The revelations are contained in an internal report by former CIA Inspector-General Frederick Hitz which investigated widespread allegations that the CIA co-operated with cocaine traffickers. The Cold War was in full flood in the mid-Eighties, and the then president Ronald Reagan was on a crusade. He was intent on ousting the Sandinista regime in Nicaragua with the assistance of his CIA boss, William Casey, and Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver North of the National Security Council. Mr Reagan called the anti-Communist, anti-government Contra rebels backed by the United States "the moral equivalent of the Founding Fathers". But there is mounting evidence that these people were deeply involved in smuggling drugs into the US, creating a domestic scourge that would continue long after the Cold War ended. The report details dozens of allegations of drug trafficking against individuals who worked with the Contras. In six cases, "CIA knowledge of accusations or information indicating that organisations or individuals had been involved in drug trafficking did not deter their use or employment by [the] CIA." The CIA used Alan Hyde, a Honduran businessman, to transport guns by sea from mid-1987 to late 1988. Mr Hyde had already been reported to be "making much money dealing in white gold, ie cocaine" and the US Coast Guard called him the "godfather" of criminal activity in the region. But, "There was a lot of pressure from [a senior CIA official] and DCI Casey to get the job done," a CIA officer recalled. In March 1993, a cable discouraged counter-narcotics efforts against Mr Hyde, because "his connection to [CIA] is well documented and could prove difficult in the prosecution stage". There is no evidence that the CIA told the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration or US Customs, that it was using Mr Hyde. Many allegations concern the pilots who flew military supplies to the Contras. They were allegedly taking "guns down, drugs up" - filling their aircraft with cocaine on the return trip to the US. Carlos Amador, for instance, was flying supplies from Ilopango air base in El Salvador. A CIA cable in April 1986 reported that "a [Drugs Enforcement Administration] source stated that Amador was probably picking up cocaine in San Salvador to fly to Grand Caymen [sic] and then to South Florida". He warned that "[DEA] will request that San Salvador police investigate Amador and anyone associated with Hangar 4", part of the military facility used for supplying the Contras. The CIA response was direct: "Would appreciate Station advising [DEA] not to make any inquiries to anyone re Hangar no. 4 at Ilopango since only legitimate, supported operations were conducted from this facility." The operation at Hangar 4 was run by Lt-Col North, and his "Private Benefactors", who funded a secret war after the US Congress cut off funding for the Contras. There is evidence that Lt-Col North, too, knew of allegations that people working with his operation were involved in drug smuggling. In a diary note he recorded: "Honduran DC-6 which is being used for runs out of New Orleans is probably being used for drug runs into US." The Contras' purchasing agent in New Orleans was Mario Calero, the brother of a senior Contra leader. The CIA was told in February 1986 of allegations that Mario Calero was engaged in drug trafficking. But "no information has been found to indicate that CIA took any action in response", the report notes. Former DEA agent Celerino Castillo says in his book Powderburn that he became aware of drug smuggling through Ilopango. In August 1986, he met Jack McCavett, "the mild-mannered CIA station chief in El Salvador", who said "we have nothing to do with that operation." Three days later, he called Mr Castillo over to his office, and pulled $45,000 from his desk drawer. "'I've got money left over from my budget," he said. 'Take this for your anti-narcotics group. Go buy them some cars'." The Hitz report is adamant that the CIA itself did not indulge in cocaine smuggling to support the Contras' operations. "No information has been found to indicate that CIA as an organisation or its employees conspired with, or assisted, Contra-related organisations or individuals in drug trafficking to raise funds for the Contras or for any other purpose," it says. But it does provide ample evidence that the CIA turned a blind eye when drug trafficking may have been taking place, and recruited and employed contractors who were alleged to have been in the business. People have tried to work on this subject, and have met only scepticism and hostility. An investigation by Democratic senator John Kerry came to damning conclusions, but was attacked by the government
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabinoid Is Neuroprotective In Head Trauma (According to the British medical journal, The Lancet, the leading cause of death among young men in the western world has no approved treatment, but clinical results from Israel indicate that dexanabinol, a non-psychotropic synthetic cannabinoid, may be "the most promising neuroprotective agent seen to date", according to Lawrence Marshall, an authority on head trauma at the University of California in San Diego. Phase II clinical trials provide strong evidence that the analogue can reduce intracranial pressure and significantly improve outcome in severe head injury.)Date: Sun, 8 Nov 1998 21:28:33 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Cannabinoid Is Neuroprotective In Head Trauma Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Martin Cooke (email@example.com) Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: Lancet, The (UK) Volume: 352, Number 9139 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thelancet.com/ Author: Rachelle H B Fishman CANNABINOID IS NEUROPROTECTIVE IN HEAD TRAUMA The leading cause of death among young men in the western world--sequelae of severe head trauma--has no approved treatment. But clinical results from Israel indicate that dexanabinol (HU-211), a non-psychotropic cannabinoid analogue, may be "the most promising neuroprotective agent seen to date", says Lawrence Marshall (University of California, San Diego, CA, USA), an authority on head trauma. Phase II clinical trials provide strong evidence that the analogue can reduce intracranial pressure and significantly improve outcome in severe head injury, he adds. Other treatments, in phase III clinical trials, are yet to show definitive human benefit. Dexanabinol is "distinguished from earlier failed drugs by its triple mechanism of action", explains neuropharmcologist Anat Biegon (Pharmos, Rehovot, Israel). Dexanabinol's neuroinhibitory effect on NMDA receptors was discovered 10 years ago by Tel Aviv University biochemists Mordechai Sokolovsky and Yoel Kloog. Pharmos licensed dexanabinol in 1991 for development as a drug. Biegon then directed work in Israel and the USA that revealed dexanabinol's potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. 2 years ago, Pharmos began phase II double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trials in six Israeli trauma centres (Lancet 1996, 348: 1436). Of 67 unconscious patients, mostly young men injured in road accidents, 30 were given dexanabinol and 37 received placebo intravenously within 6 hours of injury (mean time 5 hours). "The significant reduction in intracranial pressure below the 'damage threshold' of 25 mm Hg--a key predictor of neurological outcome--without jeopardising blood pressure was quite impressive", says Marshall. Mortality was reduced by 26% and neurological outcome was improved. "Recovery was accelerated in the treated group" and "return to normal life among most severely injured patients was outstanding", says lead investigator Nachshon Knoller (Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel), who reported the results at the National Neurotrauma Society in Los Angeles, CA, USA on Nov 5. Phase III trials on dexanabinol are due to start in 1999.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Yardies Linked To £10 Million Trade In Scotland's Heroin Capital (The Scotsman says a network of illegal-drug sellers with direct links to the notorious Yardie gangs of Jamaican criminals operating in the English Midlands, has moved into Fraserburgh, the new heroin capital of Scotland. The arrival of supplies of crack cocaine in the towns and villages along the Buchan coast is threatening to spawn an even more deadly drugs epidemic in the area.) Date: Mon, 9 Nov 1998 00:45:36 -0800 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: UK: Yardies Linked To UKP10 Trade In Scotland's Heroin Capital Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Sat, 7 Nov 1998 Source: Scotsman (UK) Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Copyright: The Scotsman Publications Ltd Author: FRANK URQUHART SCOTLAND: YARDIES LINKED TO UKP10 TRADE IN SCOTLAND'S HEROIN CAPITAL A NETWORK of drug dealers, with direct links to the notorious Yardie gangs of Jamaican criminals operating in the English Midlands, has moved into Fraserburgh, the new heroin capital of Scotland. Afro-Caribbean drug barons, supplying heroin and crack cocaine, are targeting that Banff and Buchan area to secure a lucrative base for their operations in the north-east, where the market is estimated to be worth UKP10 million a week. Their infiltration of the area has prompted fears of a violent turf war breaking out between rival drug gangs, with links to underworld leaders in Glasgow and Liverpool, in the battle to dominate the trade. Gangs of Yardies have had a virtual stranglehold on the crack cocaine market for more than a decade. The highly addictive drug is already being sold in the pups and clubs of the Broch [Newshawk note: Broch is the local nickname for Fraserburgh] at UKP50 per crystal, The Scotsman can reveal. The arrival of supplies of crack cocaine in the towns and villages along the Buchan coast is threatening to spawn an even more deadly drugs epidemic in the area. This week, a report published by Grampian Health Board revealed that Fraserburgh already has the highest percentage of opiate users in Scotland. Researchers at the centre for drug misuse research at Glasgow University have estimated that 2.5 per cent of the town's population, aged between 14 and 54, are regularly using heroin and other opiates - the highest figure ever recorded in Scotland. Even by conservative estimates, the illegal drug market in Banff and Buchan is worth UKP300,000 a day, making the area an obvious target for criminal gangs. An informed source said that Afro-Caribbean dealers, with direct links to Yardie gangs in the Midlands, had begun penetrating the area and had been seen operating in Fraserburgh and Banff. Two known dealers, based in Fraserburgh, are understood to be dealing directly with a drugs gang based in the Midlands, one of the main centres of operations for the Yardies. The source, who did not wish to be identified, said: "I am convinced that the Yardies are behind the move into Fraserburgh. And the big men at the top are really bad guys." The Midlands dealers are supplying crack cocaine and heroin to street dealers, moving in and out of the area as supply and demand dictate. Drug agency workers are already dealing with the consequences of serious crack cocaine use in the area as the highly addictive cocaine derivative becomes the drug of choice for many young adults in the Broch. One agency worker said: "Because they are moving from heroin, a depressant drug, on to a high stimulant drug, which crack cocaine is, they are turning to cocaine as a first step. "If you are a heroin user, going from heroin to crack is like going from lemonade to whisky. And a lot of heroin users are using cocaine to get into the crack scene. "Crack cocaine is now a serious problem in the area. And at the prices the dealers are charging - UKP50 a crystal - that is serious money for the gangsters involved." Experts are finding it difficult to estimate how much the illegal drugs trade is worth in the north-east. However, with an estimated 3,600 men and women regularly using opiates, according to the health board report, the rewards for the drug gangs are enormous. Heroin addicts can each spend upwards of UKPl00 a day to satisfy their habits. Detective Chief Inspector Sandy Kelman, who is in charge of the special units of Grampian police, including the force's drug squad, said the growing trade in heroin was a matter of grave concern. He said that the supplies of illegal drugs were coming from various parts of the country, primarily Glasgow and Liverpool. Although he made clear that he was not aware of the Yardies' direct involvement in the area, he said: "There is a network of drug dealing and it has to start somewhere. "Yardie gangs operate down south and there is little doubt that the drugs they are involved in might very well end up in Aberdeen or Fraserburgh." However, Det Chief Insp Kelman stressed that he did not wish to comment on any matter which might affect Grampian police operations. He appealed for anyone with information about the alleged involvement of Yardie gangs to contact the police. He said: "If that is the case then Grampian police would be looking for help from members of the public to come forward with information. They should contact us so we can start tackling the problem before it gets out of hand." The threat posed by crack cocaine and violent drugs gangs operating in the north-east was highlighted three weeks ago at a drug enforcement conference in Dunblane, organised by the Association of Chief Police Officers in Scotland. Detective Sergeant William McColl, of the Grampian drug squad, told the conference: "The market for crack is a lucrative one, but an unstable one. Those who supply it are associated with serious violence." He revealed that the force's intelligence showed heroin users had developed a crack habit after being offered the drug free as rival gangs tried to corner the market. Det Sgt McColl said: "The fear is that violence will now be used to enforce territory. The north-east of Scotland is in the grip of vicious dealers. They are not replacing heroin on the streets, but are using crack to complement the market."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Vetter Wants To Give Heroin To Sick Addicts (A translation of an article from Stuttgarter Nachrichten, in Germany, says another German politician, Erwin Vetter, the departing Minister for Social Affairs, has broken with his party's hard line on illegal drug users and come out in favor of a Swiss-style heroin distribution trial for the severely addicted.) Date: Wed, 11 Nov 1998 14:05:48 -0800 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Germany: Vetter Wants To Give Heroin To Sick Addicts Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Harald Lerch (HaL@main-rheiner.de) Source: Stuttgarter Nachrichten Pubdate: 7 Nov 1998 Website: http://www.stuttgarter-nachrichten.de Copyright: 1998 Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Germany Author: Arnold Rieger Translator: Pat Dolan, from German Note: Where possible, we will try to link to the original article in translated posts. If we can not, we are unable, for technical reasons (some of our software eats non-U.S. keyboard characters) to provide the original article. However, if seeing the original of a specific article is important, please just drop me a note, and I will send it to you as I have the time. - Richard Lake firstname.lastname@example.org VETTER WILL DROGENKRANKEN HEROIN GEBEN VETTER WANTS TO GIVE HEROIN TO SICK ADDICTS Precis: Another German politician has broken with his party's hard line on (the war on) drugs policy and has come down decisively on the side of a trial of the Swiss model of heroin distribution to hard core addicts. His reasons are two-fold: on compassionate grounds, (it is not humane to lock up sick people on ideological grounds); and because the Swiss model has proved conclusively that it works; that it reduces significantly the social harm caused by the hard line policy. Scheidender CDU-Sozialminister fordert Modellversuch nach Schweizer Vorbild The departing CDU Minister for Social Affairs asks for a trial model after the Swiss example Stuttgart Drug addicts who have failed to respond to other forms of therapy should be able to obtain heroin from a doctor, in the opinion of Erwin Vetter, the departing Minister for Social Affairs. With that he makes a clean break with his party's hard line position." I mustn't let these people down on ideological grounds," said Vetter at his final press conference as Minister for Social Affairs, and asked for a trial model after the Swiss example in which the distribution of heroin under strict medical control would be tested. Up to this point there have always been idelological obstacles - even in his own party. He felt sure, however, that his successor, Fridhelm Repnik, would take up the discussion." Pointing out the success achieved by the Swiss model, reduction in crime, vagrancy, unemployment and improvements in the general health of the participants, Vetter asked for a more unified drug policy under the direction of an agency in which representatives of the police and concerned authorities and institutions would participate. "Drug politics are the concern of all Europe, not just of a little Baden-Wurtembergisher island", he said. He hopes that interested communities will be able to join the experiment as soon as the new government - as announced - has laid down the legal parameters. -------------------------------------------------------------------
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