------------------------------------------------------------------- HJM 10 Update (A bulletin from supporters of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act says the resolution before the Oregon legislature calling on Congress to re-evalute its stance on medical marijuana failed 26-33 in the House of Representatives on Friday, but will be reconsidered Monday morning. Oregon residents are asked to contact a select list of legislators this weekend or first thing Monday morning, urging them to change their position. Plus contact information and links to previous news items on HJM 10.) From: "Rick Bayer" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Rick Bayer" (email@example.com) Subject: FW: HJM10--Update Date: Fri, 7 May 1999 16:23:24 -0700 Amy Klare is one of our OMMA supporting lobbyists in Salem. Please read this and act soon. Thank you. Rick Bayer, MD Portland *** -----Original Message----- From: firstname.lastname@example.org [mailto:email@example.com] Sent: Friday, May 07, 1999 8:49 AM Subject: HJM10--Update Hi All--The Oregon House took up HJM10--calling on Congress to re-evalute its current potition on medical marijuana. As you know this started out as rescheduling memorial--but the message is essentially the same in the amended version. The vote on the House floor was 26 ayes; 33 nays--with carrier Rep. Bowman, changing her vote from "aye" to "nay" to serve possible notice of reconsideration. The bill will be up for reconsideration Monday morning--so we have a lot of work to accomplish over the weekend. * Although the vote was largely along party lines (we have 35 R's and 25 D's), there were several cross-over votes by each party. They are: Democrats voting "Nay." 1. Richard Devlin (Tualatin) 2. Randall Edwards (Portland) 3. Al King (Springfield) 4. Mike Lehman (Coos Bay) 5. Kurt Schader (Canby) 6. Terry Thompson (Newport) Thompson approached me after the vote, and said that he would like to talk further about the bill. He said he could be persuaded to vote "yes" and he thought we could win this with a little more work. He's a talker, but it's worth a try... Republicans who voted "Aye" 1. Jim Hill (Hillsboro) 2. Tim Knopp (Bend) 3. Jerry Krummel(Wilsonville) 4. Jeff Kruse (Klamath Falls) 5. Kevin Mannix (Salem) 6. Lane Shettely (Dallas) 7. Bruce Starr (Aloha) Rep Bob Jenson--an independent, also voted "aye." We need just four votes to turn this around. I encourage EVERYONE to call all of the Democrats who voted against this bill--and urge their support. You can call the toll-free line at 1-800-332-2313 and leave messages for any representatives over the weekend. This must happen over the weekend--because the bill will be reconsidered on Monday in the morning. If there are any more patients or physicians who are willing to draft letters of support they are needed ASAP. You can send them via-e-mail as a microsoft word attachment to Rep. Bowmanfirstname.lastname@example.org. Folks who need help with talking points can reach me via email@example.com by phone--503-580-3641. Thanks, Amy PS. Please forward this to anyone I may have missed. *** Previous items on HJM 10: * Urgent! HJM 10 Update (May 5 - A Portland NORML activist forwards a request that advocates for medical marijuana patients contact Oregon state legislators now and urge them to support the resolution asking Congress to reschedule marijuana. Includes legislators' contact information.) * Rescheduling marijuana resolution HJM 10 (April 29 - A list subscriber says the resolution before the Oregon legislature calling on Congress to make marijuana available to physicians and patients was approved by a 4-3 committee vote this morning.) * "Marijuana is Medicine" Rally April 30th in Salem (April 24 - Stormy Ray, a multiple sclerosis patient and chief petitioner for the voter-approved Oregon Medical Marijuana Act, urges advocates for medical marijuana patients to help solve the supply problem by lobbying legislators and showing up Friday at the capitol to support House Joint Memorial 10, a resolution introduced by state representative Jo Ann Bowman that would ask Congress to reschedule marijuana. Plus the current text of HJM 10, and addresses for a short list of key legislators.) * Can you help? (April 24 - A list subscriber summarizes Friday's 10-minute Oregon legislative hearing on HJM 10, and also asks you to lobby lawmakers. The chair of the committee, Rep. Mannix, indicated the rescheduling resolution would stand a better chance of passing out of committee if the wording was based from the standpoint that OMMA is the law and that marijuana in Schedule I is federal interference with Oregon Law. With amendments, the resolution may get a hearing before an April 30 deadline.) * HJM 10, the Oregon Medical Marijuana Rescheduling Memorial (April 19 - A list subscriber says the resolution before the state house of representatives asking Congress to reschedule marijuana to make it available as medicine will receive a "tap-tap" hearing this week to keep it alive.)
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana law is proving to be a pain (The Oregonian says more than 250 people have telephoned the Oregon Health Division's Medical Marijuana Program since it officially opened for business on Monday. People in Oregon with serious and debilitating illnesses who would like to take advantage of the Oregon Medical Marijuana Act are finding it difficult to obtain physicians' recommendations - or the herb itself. "Some are people who thought they'd never get involved with this - law enforcement and corrections officers and people who have been in the military," said Kelly Paige, who manages the program. Patients at the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center face a special barrier. Because the federal government views marijuana as an illegal drug, doctors there can't approve its use.) Pubdate: Fri, May 7 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Patrick O'Neill, The Oregonian staff Marijuana law is proving to be a pain * Sufferers who want to try Oregon's new program find it hard to get a doctor's approval or the drug Lil Dunham will try just about anything to make the pain go away. During the past few years, the discs that cushion the bones in her spine have collapsed. Now those bones feel as though they're scraping each other. And the pain is excruciating. Dunham says neither her primary physician nor a pain specialist has been able to bring her much comfort. "My life is just kind of miserable," she said. Dunham, who loves to garden, hasn't been able to get out of her tidy mobile home much in the past three years. The 80-year-old Newberg woman said she's even ready to try smoking marijuana if that would help. After all, a new Oregon law allows her to use the drug. But she's run into two big problems: * She can't find a doctor who'll approve marijuana as a treatment. The law requires a doctor's permission for a patient to join the program. * She doesn't have any idea where to get marijuana. Those two difficulties are proving to be a brick wall for many Oregonians who would like to join the state's medical marijuana program. Dunham is one of more than 250 people who have telephoned the Oregon Health Division's Medical Marijuana Program since it officially opened for business on Monday. Kelly Paige, who manages the program, is stunned by the volume of calls. "It takes me two hours every day just to collect the voice-mail messages," she said. Paige said Dunham's complaints are common to many. "Some people are having difficulty finding a physician to work with," she said. "Some ask, 'Where do I get the seeds to start growing marijuana?'" Paige's hands are tied. Her office doesn't keep a list of doctors who would authorize marijuana for patients. And as for finding the marijuana, patients are on their own. Under Oregon law, medicinal marijuana users face a kind of Catch-22. On one hand, state law permits people who have debilitating medical conditions to use marijuana. On the other, it bans the sale of marijuana. Supporters of the medicinal marijuana law have said they expect that people who previously used marijuana illegally will give plants to patients free of charge. But Dunham, who's smoked cigarettes, says she's never used marijuana before and doesn't know anybody who does - either legally or illegally. New guidelines may help Dr. Rick Bayer, a physician who was a principal sponsor of the medical marijuana act, said he thinks doctors will become more willing to participate when they learn about the guidelines issued by the Oregon Medical Association. The association published guidelines in late April outlining ways that doctors can help patients participate in the law without running afoul of federal drug regulations. Bayer also expects that it will become easier in the future for patients to obtain marijuana by joining support groups for cancer and pain. Jim Kronenberg, associate executive director of the OMA, said even doctors who think marijuana might be beneficial will be cautious in recommending its use. While using medicinal marijuana is legal under Oregon law, it's still illegal under federal law. And the federal government, through the Drug Enforcement Administration, regulates doctors' prescription privileges. Doctors can't prescribe it Under the new law, doctors don't prescribe marijuana. They only note on a patient's chart that marijuana might help the symptoms. Patients like Dunham are left to fend for themselves. And while Paige is sympathetic, she can't help. "Your heart goes out to them," Paige said. "They've been on every painkiller there is, and none of them work." Callers who leave their names and addresses on Paige's answering machine will receive an application packet with a copy of the medical marijuana act, the Health Division's rules, application forms and the guidelines for filling them out. Callers are from all walks of life, Paige said. "Some people are still able to work, some are disabled completely. Some are people who thought they'd never get involved with this (marijuana) -- law enforcement and corrections officers and people who have been in the military." Patients at the Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center face a special barrier. Because the federal government views marijuana as an illegal drug, doctors there can't approve its use. Meanwhile, Dunham questions the hurdles put up by the law. "It's not fair," Dunham said. "I want it for pain. I don't want it for enjoyment like the young people do. Doctors are so fussy about your getting addicted. And so what if I did, at 80 years old?"
------------------------------------------------------------------- Finally, county OKs purchase of land for jail (The Oregonian says the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners unanimously approved purchasing a 27-acre chunk of land along North Portland's Bybee Lake for the site of a new $55 million jail and alcohol/drug treatment center. The facility will include 225 jail beds and a 300-bed alcohol and drug treatment center, each with a different staff and programs.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: email@example.com Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: David Austin, the Oregonian Finally, county OKs purchase of land for jail * Nearly 3 years after voters approved the new lockup and treatment center, the Bybee Lake project is about to start It took two years, 11 months and a few days, but they finally did it. On Thursday, the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners unanimously approved purchasing a 27-acre chunk of land along North Portland's Bybee Lake for the site of a new jail and alcohol/drug treatment center. The county will build a complex that has 225 jail beds on one side and a 300-bed alcohol and drug treatment center on the other. "This has been an extremely lengthy siting process," Commissioner Lisa Naito said. "But I truly believe that this resolution is where we need to go." The jail and treatment facility will operate separately with different staffs and programs. The jail will hold offenders who are serving sentences, while the treatment center will house people who volunteer to go through the intensive treatment program. That program -- to be run by the county's Adult Community Justice Department -- will last from 90 to 180 days and includes addiction therapy, group counseling and relapse therapy. Sheriff Dan Noelle will be responsible for perimeter security of the complex, while Justice staff will coordinate security for their program inside. Voters passed a $55 million general obligation bond in May 1996 to build a jail and also to place 150 treatment beds in the community. The board's decision Thursday gives Noelle permission to buy the land from the Port of Portland and attain conditional-use permits to begin construction. The Port wants to sell the land to the county for $5.5 million. Noelle said construction will not begin for at least six months. Getting to this point, though, hasn't been easy for the county. The county settled on the Bybee Lake site, and Port officials offered to sell the land. At the same time, a dispute over control of the facility boiled over between Noelle and board Chairwoman Beverly Stein. Noelle wanted assurances that the treatment program would not have a transitional program that would allow participants to move in and out of the facility. The board became fractured with Stein and Commissioners Diane Linn and Sharron Kelley pushing for siting the treatment beds around the county. Naito and Commissioner Serena Cruz backed Noelle. It wasn't until Naito and Cruz asked for Multnomah County District Attorney Mike Schrunk and Chief Criminal Judge Julie Franz to help solve the problem that the board got back on track. When asked if his relationship with Stein could be repaired, Noelle said: "The board now has some people like Commissioners Cruz and Naito who can think for themselves and make decisions. My relationship with the board is going to be fine." You can reach David Austin at 221-5383 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Put money in schools, not jails (A seventh-grader's letter to the editor of the Oregonian wonders why state lawmakers want to build more jails for those kids who drop out of school and become criminals, but they don't give enough money to schools so that teachers can do more things to keep kids in school.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: email@example.com Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Caitlin Keys, Hillsboro (a suburb west of Portland) Put money in schools, not jails I am a seventh-grade student at Evergreen Middle School in Hillsboro. My reading class was discussing the small amount of money that the Oregon Legislature gives to public schools. I don't understand why legislators give so much money to build more jails when they know that people without educations are more likely to be in jail later on in their lives. One thing that I don't understand is why they want to build more jails for those kids who drop out of school and become criminals, yet they don't give enough money to schools so that teachers can do different things to keep kids in school. In order to keep students in school, schools need more money for the arts and other classes -- classes where they could learn the things that they want to learn more about. Kids in my school who are in band can't take other classes such as home economics, shop, art or drama. My point is that the Legislature does not give schools enough money to pay for more teachers to teach more classes, so students can learn more things.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oregon spent $920 million on gambling in '98 (The Associated Press says a study conducted by Robert Whelan, a senior economist with ECONorthwest in Portland, shows gambling in Oregon has increased 24 percent from four years ago. Bill Eadington, professor of economics and director of the Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming at the University of Nevada in Reno, says he puts Oregon second only to his home state for availability and accessibility to gambling. At $282 per capita, nearly as much was spent on gambling as was spent on fishing, boating, rafting, floating and windsurfing combined. For some unspecified reason, Whelan said the state's infatuation with gambling was leveling off.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: The Associated Press (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Associated Press Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: no byline Oregon spent $920 million on gambling in '98 PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- More than $920 million was spent gambling in Oregon in 1998, a 24 percent increase from four years ago, according to a new study. But one economist said the state's infatuation with gambling is leveling off. The study found that nearly as much was spent on gambling as was spent on fishing, boating, rafting, floating and windsurfing combined. The spending on gambling was $282 per capita last year, or 1.13 percent of personal income. In 1995 when the tribal casino boom began, residents per capita spent $223, or 1.03 percent of income, for a total of $699.2 million. "It's a new record, but future growth is going to be much less," said Robert Whelan, senior economist with ECONorthwest in Portland who has conducted studies for both the Oregon State Lottery and tribal casinos. Forty-one percent more of personal income was spent on gambling than elsewhere in the country. National studies have found that people spend about 0.8 percent of personal income on gambling, Whelan said. Only Nevada beat Oregon for amount spent. Many states, on the other hand, have little or no legal gambling. According to Whelan and other experts, Oregonians spend more because they have so many more gambling opportunities than most states. Oregonians can bet legally on dogs and horses, play a wide variety of charity games, play lottery games, visit eight tribal casinos spread out around the state or head to 1,834 local bars and restaurants to play the lottery's 8,826 video poker machines. Bill Eadington, professor of economics and director of the Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming at the University of Nevada in Reno, says he puts Oregon second only to his home state for availability and accessibility to gambling. "If you rank states, Nevada ranks first, then Oregon comes in second, and third would be places like South Dakota and Mississippi," Eadington told The Oregonian. While the Oregon State Lottery has continued to grow, thanks to video poker, Oregonians tripled their spending at tribal casinos. At the start of 1995, there was just one permanent tribal casino. By the end of 1995, others had opened and Oregonians spent an estimated $70.5 million in tribal casinos. Last year, they spent $224.6 million. Still, Oregonians spend much more on the lottery than in casinos. They spent $488 million on the lottery, or 53 percent of total gambling, while Oregon casinos captured an estimated 24.4 percent of Oregonians' gambling dollars last year.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Oregonians rank as high-rollers (The Oregonian version quotes Whelan saying the amount Oregon residents spend on gambling has leveled off in the past year, suggesting future increases will be limited.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Courtenay Thompson, the Oregonian Oregonians rank as high-rollers * Residents spend a record $920.1 million on gambling last year, but future growth in gaming is expected to be slow Oregonians spent a record $920.1 million on gambling in 1998, nearly as much as they spent on fishing, boating, rafting, floating and windsurfing combined, according to a new study. That's up from $699.2 million in 1995, but the amount has leveled off in the past year, according to Robert Whelan, senior economist with ECONorthwest in Portland. "It's a new record, but future growth is going to be much less," said Whelan, who has conducted studies for both the Oregon State Lottery and tribal casinos. The study found that per capita Oregonians spent $282 last year on gambling, or 1.13 percent of personal income. In 1995, residents per capita spent $223, or 1.03 percent of income, on gambling. That means that per capita, Oregonians spent 41 percent more of personal income on gambling than elsewhere in the country. National studies have found that people spend about 0.8 percent of personal income on gambling, Whelan said. But some states, such as Nevada, spend more, while in other states there is little or no legal gambling. Oregonians spend more, he and other gambling experts said, because there's more opportunity to roll the dice or hit the slot or video poker machine here. "Some states don't have casinos," said Whelan, who has been studying the gambling market in Oregon during the 1990s and did the recent study to update his numbers. "Some don't have racing, some don't have lotteries." Oregon has nearly everything. Oregonians can bet legally on dogs and horses, play a wide variety of charity games, play lottery games, visit eight tribal casinos spread out around the state or head to 1,834 local bars and restaurants to play the lottery's 8,826 video poker machines. Bill Eadington, professor of economics and director of the Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming at the University of Nevada in Reno, says he puts Oregon second only to his home state for availability and accessibility to gambling. "If you rank states, Nevada ranks first, then Oregon comes in second, and third would be places like South Dakota and Mississippi," Eadington said. The study also found that spending by Oregonians on gambling is up overall by nearly $221 million -- or about 30 percent since 1995, when the boom in the number of tribally owned casinos began. And while the Oregon State Lottery has continued to grow, thanks to video poker, Oregonians tripled their spending at tribal casinos. At the start of 1995, there was just one permanent tribal casino. By the end of 1995, others had opened and Oregonians spent an estimated $70.5 million in tribal casinos. Last year, they spent $224.6 million. Still, Oregonians spend much more on the lottery than in casinos. They spent $488 million on the lottery, or 53 percent of total gambling, while Oregon casinos captured an estimated 24.4 percent of Oregonians' gambling dollars last year. Whelan said most of the growth in tribal casinos peaked in 1997, and the most recent figures show that the gambling market in Oregon has actually stabilized and matured in recent years. "It's a market where the easy growth has happened," he said. "The lottery's advantage is location. The casinos' advantage is they have got a product that a lot of people like. It provides more entertainment value." David Hooper, spokesman for the Oregon State Lottery, said the advent of tribal casinos came at the same time the lottery stopped adding video poker machines. "People have decided whether they like Indian gaming or whether they prefer to stick to the lottery, or whether they prefer a combination of both," Hooper said. Whelan said that although he didn't expect the same kind of growth in the future, a number of factors could influence the direction of gambling in the state. For example, a drop in the economy would hit casinos and the lottery hard, Whelan said. The National Gambling Impact Study Commission voted last week to put a "pause" on the growth of legalized gambling in the country, while the impacts of gambling -- from economic growth to the proliferation of problem gambling -- is assessed. In Oregon, gambling opponents are collecting signatures for a fall ballot measure that would repeal the lottery's video poker game, drastically reducing the amount of money contributed to public coffers and to the bars and restaurants that have come to depend on gambling revenue. In addition, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs plans to meet with Gov. John Kitzhaber's staff next week to discuss building a new casino in the Columbia River Gorge, about 40 miles from Portland. That could draw gamblers in Washington and Portland away from the lottery, or away from other tribal casinos. You can reach Courtenay Thompson at 503-221-8503 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
------------------------------------------------------------------- House endorses drug treatment of sex offenders (The Associated Press says HB 2500, which would establish a so-called chemical castration program, passed on a 44-13 vote Thursday and now goes to the Oregon Senate.) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: The Associated Press (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Associated Press Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: no byline House endorses drug treatment of sex offenders SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- The state would set up a pilot project to treat sex offenders with drugs under a bill easily approved by the House. The measure to create a so-called chemical castration program passed on a 44-13 vote Thursday and goes to the Senate. "Our families are at risk," said Rep. Kurt Schrader, D-Canby, in urging support for treating released sex offenders with a hormone drug aimed at curbing sexual aggression. "We need to use all the tools at our disposal when dealing with these guys," said Schrader, the floor manager for the measure. The state corrections department estimates almost 800 sex offenders will be released from Oregon prisons this year. The department would operate the program, requiring up to 50 sex offenders to take a drug called Depo-Provera as a condition of parole. Doctors would screen inmates to determine whether they should participate in the program. Schrader said the use of hormone drugs reduced repeat sex offenses from 50 percent to 2 percent in one experiment conducted in Europe and is being used in six states. But Democratic Rep. Judy Uherbelau, D-Ashland, said the bill raises questions about violation of due process rights because an inmate who refused to be in the program could be denied parole. "I'd say that is coercion," said Uherbelau, an Ashland attorney. She also contended the bill is too broad because it could require people convicted of lesser offenses such as public indecency to participate in the drug program. "There's no evidence (the program) would help in those situations," she said. The bill number is HB2500.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Mother anguishes after daughter's leap from bridge (The Associated Press interviews the mother of 15-year-old Kimberly Christine Roca, who was driving her daughter to an unspecified drug treatment facility on Sunday, the day after she learned of Kimberly's LSD use, when Kimberly, "apparently high on LSD," jumped out of the car and threw herself off the top deck of the Marquam Bridge in downtown Portland. Characteristically, AP doesn't say how teen-agers in Oregon die every year after ingesting alcohol and "doing dangerous things.") Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: The Associated Press (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Associated Press Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: no byline Mother anguishes after daughter's leap from bridge PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- Vicki Lynn Bakke has beaten herself up with questions, second-guessing every detail and decision that led to her daughter's horrific death. Bakke and her 15-year-old daughter, Kimberly Christine Roca, were on their way to enroll the girl in a drug treatment program Sunday when the teen-ager, apparently high on LSD, jumped out of Bakke's car and threw herself off the top deck of the Marquam Bridge in downtown Portland. "We got to the bridge, and Kim was looking out at the water," Bakke said. "Then all of a sudden, she opened the door. I slammed on the brakes. I was screaming, 'Kim, no! Kim, no!' I was pulling at her clothes to keep her in the car, but they were ripping. She just slipped through my fingers." In the days since the tragedy, Bakke has been beset by `maybes' and `what ifs.' Maybe she should have driven straight to the clinic instead of stopping at home first. What if the threads of her shirt had held a few seconds longer? The biggest question of all, though, is why Kimberly ever began experimenting with drugs. Although her death was ruled a drowning, Bakke thinks LSD triggered her daughter's actions. Toxicology tests are pending. Bakke said she had learned of her daughter's acid use the night before her death. Roca had acted "happier and more awake" recently, but her mother said she mistook what she now thinks were the effects of the drug for a good mood. The tragedy unfolded rapidly that night, when family friends in Beaverton told Bakke they suspected that her daughter was high on LSD. The girl stayed overnight at the friends' home "because I thought it would be a safe place for her," Bakke said. Sunday morning, Bakke drove from her Northeast Portland home to pick up her daughter. On the way back to Portland, the two talked about Roca entering drug treatment, or at least getting evaluated that morning for substance abuse, Bakke said. "She was very compliant and agreeable," Bakke said. "She said, 'Yeah. This is bad stuff.' " But when Bakke asked the girl where she had gotten the drugs, Roca abruptly jumped out of the car without saying a word. Bakke doesn't think it was the question that upset her daughter. "It seemed like she was thinking reasonably, and then all of a sudden it was like the drug took her," Bakke said. Bakke thinks her daughter might have become fixated on the water as they drove across the bridge. The drug, Bakke said, might have compelled her to jump without thinking. There was no indication Roca had contemplated suicide or had attempted to end her life before. Bakke hopes that talking about the experience will alert other parents to the dangers of acid. According to a 1998 study, LSD was one of the most-used drugs among Oregon 11th graders, falling behind alcohol, marijuana, cigarettes and inhalants. Because the hallucinogen is so closely identified with the hippie culture of the 1960s, LSD often falls beyond the radar screens of today's parents, experts said. "I think we've forgotten its dangers," said Dr. Dale Walker, chairman of the Oregon Health Sciences University Department of Psychiatry. "LSD users are often motivated to do dangerous things -- in this case, jumping off of a bridge -- for what they perceive to be logical reasons. That's why LSD is a remarkably dangerous drug." Bakke is left agonizing about whether she could have saved her daughter. At one point during the drive last weekend, Bakke said Roca spotted a Kaiser Permanente clinic and said, "Mom, that's the exit." "I was just about to turn, and then I thought I should first call the advice nurse from home," Bakke said, "and see if that was the right place to take her (for drug treatment). "Oh, if I could only have that one second back right now. That one second to make that turn, and maybe she would still be here."
------------------------------------------------------------------- 'What ifs' haunt mother after death of daughter, 15 (The Oregonian version) Newshawk: Portland NORML (http://www.pdxnorml.org/) Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: Oregonian, The (OR) Copyright: 1999 The Oregonian Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Address: 1320 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 97201 Fax: 503-294-4193 Website: http://www.oregonlive.com/ Forum: http://forums.oregonlive.com/ Author: Michelle Roberts, the Oregonian 'What ifs' haunt mother after death of daughter, 15 * "She just slipped through my fingers," says the mother of the teen, who, apparently high on LSD, threw herself off a bridge If only she had taken another road. Maybe if she had driven straight to the clinic instead of stopping at home first. What if her daughter's shirt hadn't torn, breaking the girl free from her mother's white-knuckled grasp? Vicki Lynn Bakke has persecuted herself with questions, second-guessing every detail and decision that led to her child's horrific death Sunday. Bakke and her 15-year-old daughter, Kimberly Christine Roca, were on their way to enroll the girl in a drug treatment program when the teen-ager, apparently high on LSD, jumped out of Bakke's car and threw herself off the top deck of the Marquam Bridge in downtown Portland. "We got to the bridge, and Kim was looking out at the water," Bakke said. "Then all of a sudden, she opened the door. I slammed on the brakes. I was screaming, 'Kim, no! Kim, no!' I was pulling at her clothes to keep her in the car, but they were ripping. She just slipped through my fingers." Toxicology tests are pending, but Bakke thinks LSD triggered her daughter's actions. Her death was ruled a drowning. Bakke hopes that talking about the experience will alert other parents to the dangers of acid. According to a 1998 study, LSD was one of the most-used drugs among Oregon 11th graders, falling behind alcohol, marijuana, cigarettes and inhalants. Because the hallucinogen is so closely identified with the hippie culture of the 1960s, LSD often falls beyond the radar screens of today's parents, experts said. "I think we've forgotten its dangers," said Dr. Dale Walker, chairman of the Oregon Health Sciences University Department of Psychiatry. "LSD users are often motivated to do dangerous things -- in this case, jumping off of a bridge -- for what they perceive to be logical reasons. That's why LSD is a remarkably dangerous drug." Because LSD affects the emotional center in the brain and distorts reality, a user -- particularly a first-time user -- is subject to the extremes of euphoria and panic. The drug also can trigger feelings of grandeur that lead to dangerous behaviors. Bakke thinks her daughter might have become fixated on the water as they drove across the bridge. The drug, Bakke said, might have compelled her to jump without thinking. There was no indication Kim had contemplated suicide or had attempted to end her life before. In 1996, more than 14 percent of high school juniors in Oregon reported having used the drug, according to the Northwest Professional Consortium. LSD is dissolved in alcohol, and drops of the solution are put on blotter paper or in a sugar cube then chewed or swallowed, making it easy for novice drug users to consume. It also has been put into microdots, or tiny squares of gelatin. To reach younger buyers, illegal manufacturers even print cartoon characters and colorful symbols on the blotter paper. Known as "acid," "tabs," "doses," "trips," "hits" and "sugar cubes," LSD appeals to many teens because it is cheap and easy to hide, Walker said. It has less-detectable physical symptoms than alcohol or pot and is inexpensive at $1 to $5 a hit. Bakke said she had learned of her daughter's acid use the night before her death. Kim had acted "happier and more awake" recently, but her mother said she mistook what she now thinks were the effects of the drug for "a good mood." "I thought she was just starting to feel better about things in her life," said Bakke, who was divorced from Kim's father within the past three years. He did not respond to interview requests. The tragedy began to unfold rapidly Saturday night, when family friends in Beaverton told Bakke they suspected that her daughter was high on LSD. The girl stayed overnight at the friends' home "because I thought it would be a safe place for her," Bakke said. Sunday morning, Bakke drove from her Northeast Portland home to pick up her daughter. On the way back to Portland, the two talked about Kim entering drug treatment, or at least getting evaluated that morning for substance abuse, Bakke said. "She was very compliant and agreeable," Bakke said. "She said, 'Yeah. This is bad stuff.' " But when Bakke asked the girl where she had gotten the drugs, Kim abruptly jumped out of the car without saying a word. Bakke doesn't think it was the question that upset her daughter. "It seemed like she was thinking reasonably, and then all of a sudden it was like the drug took her," Bakke said. Kim, who wore a nose ring and liked to dress in dark clothing, had experimented with marijuana, her mother said. The girl had been suspended last year from an Aloha high school after being caught with pot. Bakke said she discouraged the pot use, but Kim brushed off warnings by arguing that marijuana should be legalized. Kim decided not to return to school after her suspension and enrolled in correspondence classes. She maintained a B-minus average, her mother said. Bakke, who works at a local hospital, said she was concerned about how her daughter spent her free time. But Kim assured her she was OK. After her studies, Kim rode the bus to see friends, shopped for beads and other trinkets, and read New Age books. Kim told her mother she wanted to go into alternative medicine. A brochure about Portland Community College lay on the family's coffee table this week as a testimony to the girl's plans. Bakke, meanwhile, is left agonizing about whether she could have saved her daughter. At one point during the drive last weekend, Bakke said Kim spotted a Kaiser Permanente clinic and said, "Mom, that's the exit." "I was just about to turn, and then I thought I should first call the advice nurse from home," Bakke said, "and see if that was the right place to take her (for drug treatment). "Oh, if I could only have that one second back right now. That one second to make that turn, and maybe she would still be here." You can reach Michelle Roberts at 294-5041 or by e-mail at Michelleroberts@news.oregonian.com. [sidebar:] Spotting drug use Often the clues of drug use among adolescents are subtle. Because mood swings and unpredictable behavior are frequent for preteens and teen-agers, parents might find it difficult to spot the signs. The following describe possible changes. Isolated occurrences might not be reason to panic, but if you see several, consider them warning signs and seek professional help. Physical Symptoms * Acting intoxicated * Bloodshot or red eyes, droopy eyelids * Runny nose without a cold * Imprecise eye movement * Abnormally pale complexion * Increase in illnesses * Change in speech and vocabulary patterns * Repressed physical development * Sudden appetite, especially for sweets * Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite * Neglect of personal appearance, grooming, hygiene * Upper respiratory infections, frequent coughs * Chest pains Behavior changes * Change in friends and unwillingness to introduce friends to family * Frequently breaking curfew * Unexplained moodiness, depression, anxiety or irritability * Strongly inappropriate overreaction to mild criticism or simple requests * Decreased interaction and communication with others * Increased conflict with family * Preoccupation with self * Loss of interest in previously important things * Increased need for money * Lethargy * Loss of ability to assume responsibility * Need for instant gratification * Change in values, ideals, beliefs * Evidence of secretive or sneaky behavior Where to call for help * The Regional Drug Initiative 503-294-7074. * Multnomah County Central Intake Services Alcohol and Drug Referral line 248-3141 * Oregon Partnership's 24-hour toll-free Helpline 800-923-HELP. * De Paul Treatment Centers Inc. Adolescent Program (12- to 17-year-olds) 287-7026 * Oregon Health Sciences University addiction treatment and training center 494-4745 Source: Portland Public Schools Prevention Program
------------------------------------------------------------------- Michelle Holden Admits Sex With Minor, Is Spared Prison Term (The Los Angeles Times says three days after her husband stepped down as the mayor of Pasadena, Holden tearfully halted what would have been a sordid trial, pleading no contest to a felony count of unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor - the couple's 15-year-old male babysitter. Holden avoided a state prison term and having to register as a sex offender. Had the case gone to trial, it would have pitted two families, once close, against each other as Holden and her former babysitter told of their mutual marijuana use and several sexual encounters.) Date: Mon, 10 May 1999 09:31:48 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: Michelle Holden Admits Sex With Minor, Is Spared Prison Term Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Pubdate: Fri, 7 May 1999 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Copyright: 1999 Los Angeles Times Contact: email@example.com Fax: (213) 237-4712 Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Forum: http://www.latimes.com/home/discuss/ Author: Ann W. O'Neill, Times Staff Writer MICHELLE HOLDEN ADMITS SEX WITH MINOR, IS SPARED PRISON TERM Three days after her husband stepped down as the mayor of Pasadena, Michelle E. Holden tearfully halted what would have been a sordid trial, pleading no contest to a felony count of unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor - the couple's 15-year-old male babysitter. With the plea bargain, Holden, 35, and the mother of four small children, avoids a state prison term and having to register as a sex offender. Instead, when Superior Court Judge Joseph F. DeVanon sentences her June 22, Holden will receive three years' probation, during which she must undergo drug and sex counseling, submit to drug tests, and perform 200 hours of community service. Deputy Dist. Atty. Tuppence Macintyre, meanwhile, agreed to dismiss five other felonies and two misdemeanors against Holden, the wife of Chris Holden, who returned to the Pasadena City Council after losing the mayor's seat. She also is the daughter-in-law of Los Angeles City Councilman Nate Holden. Comforted by her lawyer, Mark J. Geragos, Holden sobbed and dabbed at her eyes in the nearly empty Pasadena courtroom as she entered her plea. It came even as the jury was being selected. Ironically, the charge she acknowledged - sexual intercourse with a minor under 16 - was the only allegation she had flatly denied when questioned by police. But it also was the only charge that, under a quirk of state law, does not require her to register as a sex offender, Macintyre said. Had the case gone to trial, it would have pitted two families, once close, against each other as Holden and her former babysitter told of their mutual marijuana use and several sexual encounters that allegedly occurred between January and March 1998. The only public record of the case is a transcript of two days of grand jury testimony by the victim; his sister; her boyfriend, who also was Michelle Holden's hairdresser; a second youth known as John Doe No. 2, and a police detective. The victim, now 17, testified about a series of sexual encounters he said were initiated by Holden. They made him so uncomfortable he vomited during the first session. Pasadena Police Det. George Vidal testified that Holden had admitted incidents of oral sex, but denied she had sexual intercourse with the boy. Attorney Geragos had contended at pretrial hearings that his client was the real victim, and that the charges were politically motivated. But as he and the Holdens left the courthouse Thursday, the usually chatty lawyer was tightlipped. The boy's father, however, said he believed the Holdens owed his family an apology for violating their trust. The incident occurred while he and his wife, who had donated a kidney to him for transplant, were recovering. He said his son eventually confided in him, and he reported the sexual activity to police. "When people say boys are not damaged, they are wrong," he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- District Defends Suspending Student Who Turned Over Pot (The Los Angeles Times says officials from the William S. Hart Union High School District in Saugus, California, suspended Tyler Hagen, 13, for five days because he violated the district's "zero tolerance" policy by alerting his parents instead of school officials about marijuana on campus. The seventh-grader at Arroyo Seco Junior High School said he thought he was doing the right thing last Friday when, agreeing to help a scared friend dispose of some marijuana, he turned it over to his parents, who in turn gave it to sheriff's deputies.) Date: Wed, 19 May 1999 18:34:53 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US CA: District Defends Suspending Student Who Turned Over Pot Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield Pubdate: May 7, 1999 Source: Los Angeles Times (CA) Copyright: 1999 Los Angeles Times. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (213) 237-4712 Website: http://www.latimes.com/ Forum: http://www.latimes.com/home/discuss/ Author: Karima A. Haynes, Times Staff Writer DISTRICT DEFENDS SUSPENDING STUDENT WHO TURNED OVER POT TO PARENTS Schools: Boy, 13, says he tried to do the right thing, and his family is outraged. But officials say action was required by zero-tolerance policy. SAUGUS--Officials in the William S. Hart Union High School District reaffirmed their zero-tolerance policy Thursday in the case of Tyler Hagen, 13, who alerted his parents instead of school officials about marijuana on campus. The seventh-grader at Arroyo Seco Junior High School said he thought he was doing the right thing last Friday when, agreeing to help a scared friend dispose of some marijuana, he turned it over to his parents, who in turn gave it to sheriff's deputies. By not going to school officials immediately, Tyler was found to have violated the district's strict school policy on illegal drugs and was suspended for five days. The suspension started Monday, and it was not clear when or if Tyler would be allowed to return to Arroyo Seco. "This is the wrong message being sent to children," said Linda Hagen, Tyler's mother. "They are told in DARE programs that if someone tries to sell them drugs to tell their parents, and he was punished for that." Hagen said she and her husband, Chris, plan to seek legal counsel to advise them of their son's rights. "We plan to fight to get him reinstated in the school," she said. And Tyler said the incident will likely affect his reputation: "Everyone's going to think I'm a crackhead or something." The case highlights the contentious debate over zero-tolerance policies and mirrors several other incidents at schools nationwide in recent years: * A 10-year-old girl was suspended from her Mission Viejo elementary school after a toy cap gun on a key chain fell out of her backpack. * A 12-year-old boy was expelled from a Corona school for possessing folding fingernail clippers. The Riverside County Board of Education later overturned the expulsion. * A 13-year-old Texas girl was suspended for carrying a bottle of Advil, detected in her backpack by a drug-sniffing dog. * A seventh-grader in West Virginia was sent home for giving a zinc cough drop to a friend. Advocates say zero-tolerance policies are necessary to protect students from drugs, alcohol, firearms and disruptive behavior on campuses. Hart district officials said that under school rules they had no choice but to punish Tyler. "This district has a zero-tolerance policy," said Michael von Buelow, assistant superintendent for personnel and student services. "Any student caught in possession of an illegal substance on campus is going to be disciplined." Von Buelow said administrators at Arroyo Seco were discouraged by the public outcry that has erupted in the wake of Tyler's suspension. "They took action for good reason, and those reasons are being communicated very differently publicly," he said. "[Administrators] are frustrated because they cann't get into specific details about the case; you cann't defend yourself. "You do the right thing and you get criticized," he added. "We want people to know there is much more to this story than we can let out at this time." Arroyo Seco Principal Jackie Snyder did not respond to telephone calls. School policy stipulates that students caught selling drugs or having repeated possession offenses are ordered to appear before an expulsion panel composed of administrators from other schools, Von Buelow said. First-time possession offenders, he said, are given a choice between a one-to-five-day suspension or mandatory attendance in a school-based drug and alcohol awareness class. "The boy [Tyler] was given a choice: either a suspension or the program that could serve in lieu of suspension, and that was turned down," he said. Opponents of zero-tolerance rules say the absolutist philosophy does not allow for mitigating factors. "That is the stupidity side of zero tolerance; it means at the same time you have zero options," said Peter Blauvelt, president of the National Alliance of Safe Schools, a nonprofit consulting group run by former school security directors in College Park, Md. "As we try to convince kids to break the code of silence about other kids, they say, 'I thought I was doing right and I got banned. [Authorities] can rot in hell before I share information again.' " Asked what he would do if someone again approaches him with drugs, Tyler said, "Walk away."
------------------------------------------------------------------- California Police Cleared In Shooting Of Black Woman (According to the Baltimore Sun, Grover Trask, the district attorney, in Riverside, California, said yesterday that four police officers were justified when they fired 23 bullets at Tyisha Miller, 19, a young black woman they found sitting armed and unresponsive in a disabled car in December. Miller had pulled into a gas station parking lot with a flat tire. Relatives who arrived to help her said they called police after Miller appeared to be having a seizure and was foaming at the mouth. Toxicology tests showed Miller had a blood-alcohol level of 0.13 percent - and cannabis metabolites.) Date: Fri, 7 May 1999 07:14:54 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US CA: California Police Cleared In Shooting Of Black Woman Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Rob Ryan Pubdate: Fri, May 07 1999 Source: Baltimore Sun (MD) Copyright: 1999 by The Baltimore Sun, a Times Mirror Newspaper. Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sunspot.net/ Forum: http://www.sunspot.net/cgi-bin/ultbb/Ultimate.cgi?action=intro CALIFORNIA POLICE CLEARED IN SHOOTING OF BLACK WOMAN Prosecutor says officers acted hastily, not illegally RIVERSIDE, Calif. -- Four police officers were justified when they fired 23 bullets at a young black woman they found sitting armed and unresponsive in a disabled car, the district attorney said yesterday. District Attorney Grover Trask said the officers may have acted hastily and made mistakes in judgment, but they did not act criminally when they killed Tyisha Miller, 19, in December. Miller's death led to allegations that the officers -- three whites and a Hispanic -- were racists. Religious leaders, civil rights activists and residents of Riverside, 60 miles east of Los Angeles, protested the shooting at meetings, vigils and marches. "We thought we were going to get justice but we just got the same old thing," said the Rev. Bernell Butler, Miller's cousin. "Police officers are able to murder and get away with it." Miller had pulled into a gas station parking lot with a flat tire. Relatives who arrived to help her said they called police after Miller appeared to be having a seizure and was foaming at the mouth. Trask said the officers found Miller unresponsive, lying on the fully reclined driver's seat with a gun in her lap. They were unable to awaken her by banging on the windows, shining lights or shaking the car, he said. When an officer tried to break the driver's side window with a baton and reach for the gun, Miller sat up, lifted a pager and stared at the cop, who backed away, Trask said. One officer yelled at the others to hold their fire, and the woman lay down again, Trask said. When she rose up again and appeared to reach for the gun, the officers all fired, the prosecutor said. A coroner's report indicated all the bullets entered her body from the back, proving that she was not lying down when she was shot, Trask said. Miller was hit by 12 of the 23 bullets. Four struck her in the head. Toxicology tests showed Miller had a blood-alcohol level of 0.13 percent. A driver in California is legally intoxicated at 0.08 percent. Tests also detected marijuana residue. Trask said the officers' plan to break in the window of Miller's locked car to get the gun out of her lap may have been a mistake, but it did not reach the level of criminal conduct. "In deciding whether or not to file criminal charges, the job was not to determine what the police could have done or even what they should have done," Trask said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- No Charges for Police Shooters (The Associated Press version) Date: Sat, 08 May 1999 04:55:20 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (firstname.lastname@example.org) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: Constitutional Cannabis Patriots (email@example.com) Subject: [cp] No Charges for Police Shooters MAY 07, 06:45 EDT No Charges for Police Shooters By ANTHONY BREZNICAN Associated Press Writer RIVERSIDE, Calif. (AP) - Four police officers acted in haste and in error, but were justified in shooting an unresponsive, armed young black woman found sitting in a car, the district attorney said. The death of Tyisha Miller, 19, in December led to allegations that the officers - three whites and a Hispanic - were racists. Religious leaders, civil rights activists and residents of Riverside, 60 miles east of Los Angeles, protested the shooting at town hall meetings, vigils and marches. District Attorney Grover Trask said Thursday the officers may have acted hastily and made mistakes in judgment, but they did not act criminally. Miller's relatives were angry with the decision. ``It is sickening and it is sad,'' said the Rev. Bernell Butler, a cousin. ``Police officers are able to murder and get away with it.'' Ms. Miller had pulled into a gas station parking lot with a flat tire. Relatives who arrived to help her said they called police after Ms. Miller appeared to be having a seizure and was foaming at the mouth. The officers found the car still running, with the radio and lights on. Inside, Ms. Miller was unresponsive, lying on the fully reclined driver's seat with a gun in her lap. The officers were unable to awaken her by banging on the windows, shining lights or shaking the car, Trask said. When an officer tried to break the driver's side window with a baton and reach for the gun, Ms. Miller sat up, lifted a pager and stared at the cop, who backed away, Trask said. One officer yelled at the others to hold their fire, and the woman lay down again, Trask said. When she rose up again and appeared to reach for the gun, the officers all fired, the prosecutor said. Family members contend she remained unconscious throughout and never reached for the gun. A coroner's report indicated all the bullets entered her body from the back, proving that she was not lying down when she was shot, Trask said. Her loaded gun was never fired. Ms. Miller was hit by 12 of the 23 bullets. Four struck her in the head. Toxicology tests showed Ms. Miller had a blood-alcohol level of .13 percent. A driver in California is legally intoxicated at .08 percent. Tests also detected marijuana residue. The officers' plan to break in the window of her locked car to get the gun out of her lap may have been a mistake, but did not reach the level of criminal conduct, Trask said. ``It was a judgment call and it was probably a mistake in their judgment,'' he said. In Sacramento, Attorney General Bill Lockyer endorsed Trask's decision, but said he would investigate reports of ``racial insensitivity and even racial hostility'' within the Riverside Police Department. *** To subscribe to the Constitutional Cannabis Patriots send a blank message to firstname.lastname@example.org Posting: To post to the Constitutional Cannabis Patriots send e-mail to email@example.com Constitutional Cannabis Patriots http://www.teleport.com/~nepal/canpat.htm
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cigarette Smuggling: What Did We Expect To Happen? (A letter to the editor of the Orange County Register responds to news that cigarette smuggling from Mexican to California is "exploding." It is immoral to tax one minority group of citizens at a rate so much higher than the general populace. Cigarette manufacturers don't pay taxes; people do.) Date: Mon, 10 May 1999 20:29:23 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: CA: PubLTE: Cigarette Smuggling: What Did We Expect To Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W.Black Pubdate: Friday, May 7,1999 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Copyright: 1999 The Orange County Register Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Section: Metro,page 9 CIGARETTE SMUGGLING: WHAT DID WE EXPECT TO HAPPEN? According to the news, cigarette smuggling across the border is "exploding." This was entirely predictable - we had only to look at the Canadian experiment with high tobacco taxes a few years ago. Eventually the tax was rescinded because smuggling "exploded." Speaking as one who enjoys smoking and who is usually a law-abiding citizen, I can tell you that I would buy smuggled cigarettes if I could find a source. It is unconscionable and, in my opinion, immoral to tax one minority group of citizens (smokers) at a rate so much higher than the general populace. Taxes should be shared more or less equally among all the people. It is important to remember that cigarettes and cigarette manufacturers don't pay taxes; people do. Daniel M. Short La Habra
------------------------------------------------------------------- Rethink Drug Laws? Rockefeller Would (A letter to the editor of the New York Times from Laurance S. Rockefeller says 26 years ago, his late brother, Nelson, as New York's governor, did indeed advocate harsh mandatory minimum sentences for drug offenders. However, Laurance believes that in light of current knowledge, his brother would today be open to a thoughtful review of drug policy issues, particularly New York's mandatory minimum sentencing laws.) Date: Fri, 7 May 1999 16:48:18 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US NY: PUB LTE: Rethink Drug Laws? Rockefeller Would Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Nathan Riley (email@example.com) Pubdate: Fri, 07 May 1999 Source: New York Times (NY) Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://www10.nytimes.com/comment/ Author: Laurance S. Rockefeller RETHINK DRUG LAWS? ROCKEFELLER WOULD To the Editor: I was heartened to read that Gov. George E. Pataki has proposed loosening the stringent drug laws adopted during the administration of Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, my brother (front page, May 4). Clyde Haberman (NYC column, April 23) pointed out the devastating human impact of an overly harsh drug policy, especially on convicted individuals who bear no resemblance to hardened criminals. The reality is that we have far too many people in jail for far too long for relatively minor offenses as a result of stringent drug laws. Those who were not criminals before are often turned into criminals as a result of their incarceration. Families are destroyed, creating another dysfunctional generation. And the economic cost to society is enormous. In view of what was known 26 years ago, my brother Nelson, as Governor, did indeed advocate harsh laws. However, I believe that in light of current knowledge, my brother, who was both a realistic and a humane leader, would today be open to a thoughtful review of the drug policy issue. While I support Governor Pataki's proposal, I hope that he and the Legislature will proceed on a bipartisan basis to undertake a full and reasoned review, with the goal of reforming New York's drug laws in a more comprehensive way. LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLER New York, May 5, 1999
------------------------------------------------------------------- Federal Judge Sparks Probe Of DEA Agents (The Miami Herald says U.S. District Judge William J. Zloch has sparked a criminal investigation into two Drug Enforcement Administration agents who defied his order barring them from using a convicted smuggler to import drugs from Mexico. DEA agents Aldo Rocco of New York City and Sam Trotman of Camden, N.J., may face criminal contempt charges for for continuing to use drug pilot Jimmie Norjay Ellard as an informant. Charges have been dismissed against Ellard, who was arrested in September after flying 187 pounds of marijuana into Fort Lauderdale at Rocco's request.) Date: Sat, 8 May 1999 11:32:48 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US FL: Federal Judge Sparks Probe Of Dea Agents Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: General Pulaski Pubdate: Fri, 07 May 1999 Source: Miami Herald (FL) Copyright: 1999 The Miami Herald Contact: email@example.com Address: One Herald Plaza, Miami FL 33132-1693 Fax: (305) 376-8950 Website: http://www.herald.com/ Forum: http://krwebx.infi.net/webxmulti/cgi-bin/WebX?mherald Author: LARRY LEBOWITZ, Herald Staff Writer FEDERAL JUDGE SPARKS PROBE OF DEA AGENTS They defied order on drug smuggling A federal judge has sparked a criminal investigation into two Drug Enforcement Administration agents who defied his order barring them from using a convicted smuggler to import drugs from Mexico. The U.S. Attorney's Office in Fort Lauderdale, together with top DEA investigators in Washington, are weighing whether to charge DEA special agents Aldo Rocco of New York City and Sam Trotman of Camden, N.J., with criminal contempt. Rocco and Trotman also are under internal DEA investigation for using convicted drug pilot Jimmie Norjay Ellard, 52, of Aventura. In 1997, federal prosecutors in Brooklyn, working with the DEA agents, asked U.S. District Judge William J. Zloch to move Ellard's probation from Fort Lauderdale to New York so they could use him as a paid informant. Zloch denied the request in a confidential August 1997 memo that was unsealed last week. Despite the judge's ruling, Ellard, a former deputy sheriff from Fort Bend County, Texas, continued broadening his contacts with high-ranking members of Mexican drug cartels. When Ellard was arrested in September after flying 187 pounds of marijuana into Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, he told the South Florida drug agents he was working for Rocco and Trotman. But the DEA agents, who had worked with Ellard on several high-profile cases that ended in 1995, denied any knowledge of his recent activity. Ellard eventually produced a surreptitiously recorded phone conversation with Rocco revealing the DEA agent was unofficially urging him to smuggle. South Florida federal prosecutors quietly dropped the marijuana smuggling charges last month after the 21-minute tape surfaced. Mexican trip Ellard's unauthorized foray into Mexico had the potential to become an international incident and violated DEA policies regarding undercover work abroad. Most undercover operations are supposed to be cleared with DEA agents at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City, who share information with their Mexican counterparts. Only in rare, highly sensitive situations, can agents avoid the embassy and seek direct approval from DEA Administrator Thomas Constantine's office. The tape indicates Rocco knew he needed to distance himself from any undercover drug buys Ellard might make in Mexico. They discussed several scenarios for Ellard to stop in a friendly third country, such as Jamaica, before delivering cocaine to DEA in New York. Federal sources said Thursday that the DEA agents took extra measures to hide their unauthorized relationship with the smuggler. The agents registered Ellard's brother as a confidential informant, using him as a conduit to conceal information Jimmie Ellard was developing with the Mexican traffickers. While agents are permitted to use this type of "subsource" relationship in foreign countries, the practice is prohibited with domestic informants, said DEA chief inspector Felix Jimenez in Washington. Jimenez, who oversees DEA's Office of Professional Responsibility, is supervising the internal and criminal investigations for Fort Lauderdale-based federal prosecutor Theresa Van Vliet. Ellard claims he was making major inroads into several big Mexican drug organizations before his September arrest and was on the verge of consummating a 26,000-pound cocaine deal with a high-ranking government official in the border state of Sonora. Ellard also claims he gave the DEA agents key information about a corrupt U.S. agent on a Mexican drug trafficker's payroll and "holes" drug pilots had discovered in the government's radar net along the southwest border. 5 years in prison Zloch sentenced Ellard, who was facing up to 25 years on the dismissed marijuana smuggling charges, to five years in prison last week for violating probation. Ellard was on probation stemming from his 1991 guilty plea to his leadership in a smuggling ring that flew more than 27 tons of Colombian cocaine into Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport between 1985 and 1988. Ellard, who had fled to Colombia in 1985 to avoid a marijuana smuggling charge in Texas, was living under a false name when he was arrested in March 1990 in Indian River County. He started cooperating with federal prosecutors and agents and quickly became one of the government's most valued informants in the drug wars. Ellard provided key historical intelligence on the cartels, set up a 14,000-pound marijuana sting and showed agents how he regularly evaded the government's airborne anti-drug radar system. The fugitive ex-cop eventually befriended the major drug cartel leaders, including the late Medellin cartel kingpin Pablo Escobar. Ellard later testified he gave Escobar's hitman Dandy Munoz-Mosquera the know-how to blow up a Colombian commercial airliner in 1989, killing 107 passengers to make sure he erased two police informants on board.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Study Brings Breath of Fresh Air to Pot Smokers (The Medical Tribune News Service discusses the report in the May issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology finding that long-term use of marijuana does not lead to a decline in mental function. Eighteen years ago, Jeffrey Schaeffer, a clinical neuropsychologist at the University of California in Los Angeles, published a study in the journal Science about the effects of marijuana among 10 heavy or prolonged users. Using a more sophisticated test that gauged the brain's frontal systems that deal with mental flexibility, attention and dual processing, Schaeffer also concluded that participants showed no evidence of impairment.) Date: Fri, 7 May 1999 19:07:31 -0700 (PDT) From: Den de (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: HT: Study Brings Breath of Fresh Air to Cannabis Smokers To: Hemp Talk *cannabist (email@example.com) Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Study Brings Breath of Fresh Air to Pot Smokers SUZANNE LEIGH c.1999 Medical Tribune News Service Long-term use of marijuana does not lead to a decline in mental function, according to the findings of a contentious new report. In what may be the first large-scale published study investigating the link between marijuana and cognition, researchers led by Dr. Constantine Lyketsos of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore tracked the results of mental functioning tests completed by 1,318 adults. Participants were between ages 18 and 64 and were divided into groups according to age, self-reported drug use and alcohol and smoking habits, as well as level of education. All participants took the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a test to evaluate basic memory, orientation and short-term recall. The average MMSE score for people with at least nine years of schooling is 29 out of a maximum of 30 points. Participants receive one point for correct answers to questions such as the current date and day of the week. Eleven-and-a-half years later, participants took the MMSE a second time and results were compared with the initial test. In an article published in the current issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, the authors concluded that cognitive decline was not associated with marijuana use. Among women who didn't use marijuana, for example, MMSE scores fell by an average of 1.46 points. For light users the decline was 1.04 and for heavy users it was 1.15. For men who did not use the drug, MMSE scores fell by an average of 1.00, versus 1.03 for light users and 0.84 for heavy users. Rather than being associated with marijuana use, cognitive decline is related to aging, said the authors. Starting in people younger than 30, this decline increases exponentially with each decade. But, a higher level of education could reduce the degree of cognitive decline, they noted. However, there is already debate that the results of the Lyketsos study may be flawed by the use of the MMSE as a measurement of cognitive function. The MMSE ``is not a good measure of anything other than for broad-screen purposes,'' said clinical neuropsychologist Jeffrey Schaeffer of the University of California in Los Angeles. Eighteen years ago, Schaeffer published a study in the journal Science about the effects of marijuana among 10 heavy or prolonged users. He concluded that participants showed no evidence of impairment of cognitive function after performing a battery of tests to gauge long-term and short-term memory, general intellectual functioning and language skills. ``We used a variety of tests to evaluate mental functioning but they fell short because they didn't tap the [brain's] frontal systems that deal with mental flexibility, divided attention and dual processing - the areas that according to recent literature have been associated with more subtle impairments [due to] a variety of neurotoxicants including cannabis,'' Schaeffer said. However, despite the limitations of these tests they were significantly more sophisticated than the MMSE, he added. More recently, a 1996 study by Massachusetts researchers Dr. Harrison Pope and Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that heavy marijuana use was not associated with lower SAT and intelligence-test scores. But when the researchers evaluated the 129 participants' memory, verbal and sorting abilities using more sensitive tests they found the scores of heavy users were lower than light users'. The authors concluded that heavy marijuana use may produce alterations in the brain's structure or function that outlast the direct effects of the drug. *** American Journal of Epidemiology (1999;149:794-800) *** [Portland NORML notes: The biased report in the Journal of the American Medical Associated referred to above was debunked in these Portland NORML Weekly News items:] Feb. 22, 1996: Biggest Disappointment Of The Week (JAMA) Feb. 29, 1996: More JAMA Flak Feb. 29, 1996: Drinking To Forget Feb. 29, 1996: Penultimate Parting Shot Feb. 29, 1996: The Last Word
------------------------------------------------------------------- Hey, Like, News About Cannabis (The Detroit Free Press version) Date: Sat, 8 May 1999 11:32:33 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Hey, Like, News About Cannabis Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Chris Clay (email@example.com)and Frank S. World Pubdate:Fri, 7 May 1999 Source: Detroit Free Press (MI) Copyright: 1999 Detroit Free Press Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.freep.com/ Forum: http://www.freep.com/webx/cgi-bin/WebX HEY, LIKE, NEWS ABOUT CANNABIS Long-term Use Doesn't Hurt Mind, Study Says You say you toked lots of numbers packed with Maui Wowie and you're, like, wondering if your mind 30 years later is slippin', fear not, say the medical dudes. Long-term use of marijuana does not lead to a decline in mental function, according to the findings of a new report. In what may be the first large-scale published study investigating the link between marijuana and cognition, researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore tracked mental functioning of 1,318 adults ages 18 to 64. Special tests called the Mini-Mental State Examination, or MMSE, were given 11 1/2 years ago and this year and results were compared. Researchers said the test scores were about the same and concluded that cognitive decline was not associated with marijuana use. Cognitive decline is related to aging, said the researchers. Starting in people younger than 30, this decline increases exponentially with each decade. However, a higher level of education could reduce the degree of cognitive decline, they noted. A 1996 study of 129 participants by two Massachusetts researchers, Dr. Harrison Pope and Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, found that heavy marijuana use was not associated with lower SAT and intelligence-test scores. But when the researchers evaluated memory, verbal and sorting abilities using more sensitive tests, they found heavy users scored lower than light users. So, snuff that doobie just to be safe.
------------------------------------------------------------------- U.S. Military Opens New Antidrug Bases (The Miami Herald quotes Raul Duany, a spokesman for the Miami-based U.S. Southern Command, saying Wednesday that the United States "started counterdrug air operations effective May 1" from new bases in Ecuador and the Dutch Caribbean islands of Curacao and Aruba. The new bases replace the American base in Panama being vacated under the 1977 Panama Canal treaties.)Date: Mon, 10 May 1999 18:50:07 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: U.S. Military Opens New Antidrug Bases Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Isenberg, David Pubdate: Fri, 07 May 1999 Source: Miami Herald (FL) Copyright: 1999 The Miami Herald Contact: email@example.com Address: One Herald Plaza, Miami FL 33132-1693 Fax: (305) 376-8950 Website: http://www.herald.com/ Forum: http://krwebx.infi.net/webxmulti/cgi-bin/WebX?mherald Author: Don Bohning, Herald Staff Writer U.S. MILITARY OPENS NEW ANTIDRUG BASES Curacao, Aruba, Ecuador, possibly Costa Rica, replace Panama Ecuador and the Dutch Caribbean islands of Curacao and Aruba are the new front lines in the U.S. military's war on drugs, the result of the American troop withdrawal from Panama under the 1977 Panama Canal treaties. ``We started counterdrug air operations effective May 1 from all three sites,'' Raul Duany, spokesman for the Miami-based U.S. Southern Command, said Wednesday. That was the day that airfield operations ended at Howard Air Force Base in Panama, the previous base for counterdrug surveillance flights. Howard is to be turned over to Panama on Nov. 1. A six-year effort to negotiate an agreement to set up a Multinational Counter-Narcotics Center at Howard beyond the Dec. 31, 1999, canal turnover date collapsed last September, forcing Southcom to look elsewhere. Unlike Howard, which is a U.S. military base, the Curacao, Aruba and Ecuador sites and one other eventual site, possibly in Costa Rica, will operate under access agreements with the local governments, using existing civilian airfields. U.S. Air Force, Army, Navy, Coast Guard and Customs surveillance and tracking aircraft will operate from the locations to monitor drug traffic from the Andean region through the Caribbean to the United States. Personnel assignments Duany said only about a dozen permanent personnel will be assigned to each of the sites, with up to 200 additional temporary personnel at any given time, depending on aircraft rotation. The permanent personnel would be assigned for air traffic control, communications and maintenance. He said an Air Force task force is ``currently surveying all three sites -- known as forward operating locations (FOL) -- and contracting for necessary improvements to conduct sustained expeditionary operations.'' Duany said the improvements would begin in October and include ``significant upgrades, such as additional ramp space.'' U.S. officials have said the Ecuador site, at Manta, a military base on the Pacific coast, would require the most work. All the sites, including one being looked at in Costa Rica, have the 8,000-foot runways needed to accommodate AWAC radar planes for monitoring illegal drug flights and C-141 aircraft, in addition to the smaller planes needed for the counterdrug operations. The three locations are ``in the heart of the transit zone,'' Duany said. ``Before, it was concentrated in one location [Panama], and even though [it was] strategically located, we will now have wider coverage because of the diverse locations.'' The forward operating locations will be augmented from U.S. military bases at Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Soto Cano, Honduras. The Joint Inter-Agency Task Force South, based at Howard, which coordinates antidrug operations, was being shut down this week and merged with the Joint Inter-Agency Task Force East with headquarters in Key West, Duany said. Less coverage Ana Maria Salazar, the Pentagon's deputy assistant secretary for drug enforcement policy, acknowledged Tuesday in testimony before a House committee in Washington that there will be an initial ``degradation'' of antidrug operations because of the shutdown of Howard. She estimated that current coverage of the Caribbean region is only half of what it was two years ago. Salazar said the United States has been flying 2,000 counterdrug missions a year out of Howard. Salazar said operations should be up to 85 percent of that next year as a result of the Curacao, Aruba and Ecuador locations. If another location is established in Central America, she said it would boost surveillance to 110 percent of the 1997 level by 2001.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Sick can apply for medical use of marijuana (The Toronto Star says the Canadian government announced yesterday in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice Harry LaForme guidelines for sick and terminally ill people to apply for the right to use marijuana. However, Justice LaForme called the guidelines seriously flawed because those who sell pot to sick people can still be charged as illegal traffickers. "It's unfair. It's just patently unfair," he said. Justice LaForme had summoned federal officials to his court to explain what Ottawa is doing in response to a request by Toronto AIDS patient Jim Wakeford to be granted an exemption from prosecution for drug possession. Carole Bouchard, associate director of the federal drug surveillance bureau, testified yesterday she still can't say when the government will rule on Wakeford's application - or that of 19 other Canadians. As part of the application process, Ottawa has asked Wakeford to name his marijuana supplier.) Date: Fri, 07 May 1999 09:46:55 -0400 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Dave Haans (email@example.com) Subject: TorStar: Sick can apply for medical use of marijuana Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Friday, May 7, 1999 Page: A30 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Authors: Barbara Turnbull and Tracey Tyler, Staff reporters Sick can apply for medical use of marijuana But judge calls new federal guidelines unfair For the first time in Canada, the federal government has set up a process for sick and terminally ill people to apply for the right to use marijuana without fear of being prosecuted. But the guidelines, unveiled yesterday, are already being called seriously flawed because those who sell pot to sick people can still be charged as illegal traffickers. "It's unfair. It's just patently unfair," Mr. Justice Harry LaForme said yesterday after a senior government official presented the new guidelines in Ontario's Superior Court. LaForme summoned federal officials to his court to explain what Ottawa has been doing in response to a request by Toronto AIDS patient Jim Wakeford to be granted an exemption from prosecution for drug possession. The Toronto judge ruled last summer that Wakeford's constitutional rights were violated because the Controlled Drug and Substances Act prohibits him from using marijuana to alleviate AIDS-related nausea and pain. But since the act provided for exemptions, LaForme said Wakeford should apply for one from the government instead of the court ordering Ottawa to provide one. Wakeford, 54, wrote to Rock last September. But federal justice department lawyers admitted yesterday no formal application and review process existed until the drafting of the guidelines produced yesterday. Carole Bouchard, associate director of the federal drug surveillance bureau, testified yesterday she still can't say when the government will rule on Wakeford's application -- or that of 19 other Canadians who have made similar requests. "One gets the impression," LaForme remarked, that Ottawa has reached even this point "kicking and screaming." As part of the application process, Ottawa has now asked Wakeford to name his marijuana supplier. Federal justice department lawyer Chris Amerasinghe said that doesn't mean Wakeford would be forced to expose a trafficker. "There are other sources," he said. 'What are they?" asked the judge. "He can grow it," Amerasinghe said. But Wakeford's lawyer, Alan Young, asked LaForme to find the application process meaningless and grant his client an interim exemption from prosecution so he "doesn't have to fear being treated like a common criminal." "I can't believe the cruelty of this government," Wakeford said after the hearing. "I'm sick. I'm scared. I need help not harassment."
------------------------------------------------------------------- A tortuous reply to a dying man's request - 8 bureaucrats, 2 months (The National Post version) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Canada: A tortuous reply to a dying man's request Date: Fri, 07 May 1999 16:12:32 -0700 Lines: 155 Newshawk: email@example.com Source: The National Post Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nationalpost.com/ Pubdate: Fri, 07 May 1999 Author: Adrian Humphreys A tortuous reply to a dying man's request 8 bureaucrats, 2 months It took eight bureaucrats more than two months to draft and send a four-paragraph acknowledgement to a terminally ill man who was seeking urgent special attention. And even then, the letter may be wrong. The unusual glimpse into the inner workings of government was heard in an Ontario courtroom yesterday. The Byzantine path of the letter -- including misdirected mail, minor revisions, multiple approvals, and drafts sent to several departments -- was traced in court documents filed in a case that is itself unusual: A man dying of AIDS has applied for permission to legally smoke marijuana to ease his nausea. The apparent government bumbling would be humourous if the ramifications were not so serious, said Jim Wakeford, the man at the centre of the case. "It makes me profoundly sad. This is killing me." The letter -- signed by Allan Rock, the Health Minister -- says Mr. Wakeford's case will be given "careful attention" and "a reasonable turnaround time." Mr. Wakeford's application was filed Sept. 14, 1998, to Mr. Rock's attention. It was sent in error to the ministry's Legal Services Unit, according to a court document. It then made its way to Carole Bouchard, associate director of the Bureau of Drug Surveillance, a division of Health Canada, on Sept. 23. Ms. Bouchard drafted an acknowledgement of receipt for the minister to sign and on Oct. 5 sent it to L.B. Rowsell, director of the bureau, who reviewed it and the next day sent it to Dann Michols, director-general of the Therapeutic Products Directorate. Mr. Michols and Dr. Joseph Losos, assistant deputy minister, Health Protection Branch, reviewed the draft and sent it to the branch's Briefing and Correspondence Unit on Oct. 9. The draft next went to the Department Secretariat Division on Oct. 13 and was sent back to the Bureau of Drug Surveillance on Nov. 5 for minor revisions. The new version was sent back to Mr. Michols that same day. The revised draft "went through a similar process" before forwarding to Mr. Rock's office. The letter was printed on Minister of Health letterhead, dated Nov. 18, 1998, and signed by Mr. Rock. Justice Harry LaForme, of the Ontario Court, general division, who is hearing Mr. Wakeford's case, mused: "The wheels of government move slowly." "What took so long?" Alan Young, Mr. Wakeford's lawyer, asked Ms. Bouchard, in the witness box to explain Health Canada's position. "It is the normal procedure," she replied. Mr. Wakeford is the first of about 20 applicants seeking permission from the minister of health to use marijuana under Section 56 of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. The applicants suffer from ailments, including Multiple Sclerosis and AIDS, whose symptoms some doctors say are alleviated by marijuana. None has received a reply from the ministry. Last year, Mr. Wakeford asked the court to strike down Canada's drug laws, saying his constitutional right to life was infringed by the criminalization of marijuana. Judge LaForme dismissed the case because of the special exemption allowed under the never-before-used Section 56. But Mr. Wakeford says there is no process in place to deal with his application and it is sitting in bureaucratic limbo. Mr. Young wants an interim constitutional exemption preventing police prosecution of Mr. Wakeford until the issue is dealt with by the government or the courts. Justice LaForme said he would rule on the case shortly. TERMINAL PAPER CHASE: JIM WAKEFORD (Terminally ill AIDS patient) Applies for help under the Controlled Drug and Substances Act. Sept. 14: Sends letter to . . . ALLAN ROCK (Minister of Health) Who forwards the letter to . . . LEGAL SERVICES UNIT Sept. 23: They forward to . . . CAROLE BOUCHARD (Associate director of the Bureau of Drug Surveillance, Health Canada) Oct 5: Who writes draft for acknowledgement of receipt, sends it to . . . L.B. ROWSELL (Director of the Bureau of Drug Surveillance) Oct. 6: Reviews the draft, then forwards it to . . . DANN MICHOLS (Director-general of the Therapeutics Products Program) DR. JOSEPH LOSOS (Assistant deputy minister, Health Protection Branch) Oct. 9: They review draft, send it to . . . BRIEFING AND CORRESPONDENCE UNIT (in Health Protection Branch) Oct. 13: Reviews draft, sends it to . . . DEPARTMENT SECRETARIAT DIVISION (in Health Protection Branch) Nov. 5: Reviews draft, sends it to . . . BUREAU OF DRUG SURVEILLANCE Nov. 5: Reviews draft, makes minor revision, sends it back again to . . . DANN MICHOLS (Director-general of the Therapeutics Products Program) Oct. 9: Reviews new draft version, sends it back again to . . . ALLAN ROCK (Minister of Health) Nov. 18: Signs acknowledgement of receipt, sends it back to . . . JIM WAKEFORD Original letter writer Gets letter promising "speedy action."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Some See Benefits In Pot Plan (The Hamilton Spectator, in Ontario, says Ian Stewart, the executive director of the Halton Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Program, sees benefits in a proposal by the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police to decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana. Stewart doesn't think kids will rush to use marijuana if it is decriminalized because "kids today chose to use marijuana and I don't think the thought races through their head that they shouldn't partake because it is a criminal offence." He expects his organization would become much busier if marijuana offenders were forced into coerced treatment rather than prison.) Date: Sat, 8 May 1999 00:00:22 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Canada: Some See Benefits In Pot Plan Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: Fri, 07 May 1999 Source: Hamilton Spectator (Canada) Section: Burlington News N1 / Front Copyright: The Hamilton Spectator 1999 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.southam.com/hamiltonspectator/ Author: Tony Fitz-Gerald SOME SEE BENEFITS IN POT PLAN: DECRIMINALIZATION URGED FOR MINOR POSSESSION The executive director of an alcohol and drug addiction program sees benefits in a proposal to decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana. Ian Stewart, executive director of The Halton Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Program (ADAPT), expects his organization would become much busier if the federal government agrees with a recommendation by the directors of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police to keep people charged with possession of small amounts of marijuana from clogging the court system. Those people could be directed to treatment plans instead. And Stewart doesn't think kids will rush to use marijuana if it is decriminalized because "kids today chose to use marijuana and I don't think the thought races through their head that they shouldn't partake because it is a criminal offence." He supports education and treatment, rather than handling possession of small amounts of marijuana in the courts. Halton Chief Ean Algar and Hamilton-Wentworth Chief Ken Robertson say police are not advocating the legalization of any illicit drugs, including the possession of marijuana. But they both support a recommendation by the directors of their association -- and endorsed by the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police -- to decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana. "What we actually recommended was the decriminalization of small amounts of marijuana and other cannabis derivatives with some provisions," said Algar. "It will still be illegal to possess, just not criminal (offence) to possess." Robertson says the proposal does not mean people will be able to openly possess or use drugs. He points to the current state of drug prosecution as a problem area. "They go to court and they get no penalty, not even a slap on the wrist. They get an unconditional discharge, which means they don't have a criminal record." The chiefs believe it is an inappropriate resolution to the situation and feel it would be better to decriminalize the offence of possession of small amounts of marijuana. They want money put into prevention, education and rehabilitation counselling. "It's a health issue, a community issue and it's a policing issue," Algar said. "It's something that requires a proactive approach. We are asking the federal government to co-operate and bring those diversion alternatives along with it." Robertson said a person caught with a small amount of cannabis could be sent to pre-court diversion, which could be a drug education awareness program or even treatment. Stewart sees benefits in any diversion-type program. "If somebody caught with a small amount of marijuana is given a ticket with the condition of having to go to ADAPT, a lot of people would be coming our way," Stewart said. "In the past they may have gone through the court system and never landed on our doorstep. "Even if the result of having contact with us was a better understanding of the risks associated with drug use, (it) would be a step in the right direction. If it was a case of identifying a problem and getting help it would be a net gain for everybody." If the proposal is legislated into law by the federal government, anyone accused of possession of a small amount of marijuana could be given a ticket. They could sign a guilty statement and pay a fine without having to be fingerprinted, photographed or forced to go through the court system. It would mean the accused person would not have a criminal record, but their names would be on some kind of registry in local data banks. The plan will be submitted to members for a vote at the police organization's annual meeting in August. It was prompted because many marijuana charges processed by police deal with simple possession. The proposal is meant to clear a backlog of drug cases in the court system and allow police to concentrate their resources on investigating more serious crimes. Stewart says millions of dollars are spent each year on enforcement and in theory if those costs are eliminated the money for enforcement could be used for treatment or education. "I don't know if any new money would be required," he said. "Maybe at the end of the day we might be further ahead with money saved." The recommendation doesn't specify what would constitute a small amount, but currently, possession of less than 30 grams of marijuana is a summary offence, which doesn't give an individual a criminal record.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re: Some see benefits in pot plan (A letter sent to the editor of the Hamilton Spectator says diverting cannabis users away from clogged courts and into our backlogged drug abuse treatment programs is ike mandating weight loss programs for all chocolate consumers. It is something to consider only when those who voluntarily seek treatment for opiate addiction start getting treatment in a timely manner.) From: email@example.com (Matt Elrod) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Sent: Canada: Some see benefits in pot plan Date: Fri, 07 May 1999 13:05:50 -0700 Lines: 37 To the editor, While it is understandable that Ian Stewart, the executive director of the Halton Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Program, is enthusiastic about taxpayers funding compulsory "treatment" for cannabis users, (Some see benefits in pot plan, May 7), diverting cannabis users away from our clogged courts and into our backlogged drug abuse treatment programs is just robbing Peter to pay Paul. Cannabis is not a physically addictive substance, nor is it particularly habit forming. The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse reports that less than 1% of Canadian cannabis users are daily chronic consumers. About 2% use once a week, while more than 80% use cannabis less than 40 times a year. As for having cannabis users sign a statement of guilt, what would this statement look like? I confess to occasionally using an ancient herb that has never killed anyone, that has been described by one provincial court judge as "relatively harmless" and by another as "remarkably benign". You caught me red-handed with a substance that has been used by a majority of our political party leaders. I am guilty of possessing a sample of Canada's largest cash crop, a crop so plentiful and easy to grow that we are able to export 80% of our harvest to the United States. Granted, criminalizing all cannabis users to prevent cannabis "abuse" is less efficient than criminalizing all fast food consumers, be they fit or fat, to prevent obesity. But this new plan, mandating treatment for all the cannabis users we can catch, be they chronic or casual, is like mandating weight loss programs for all chocolate consumers. Hardly an improvement. Something to consider only when those who voluntarily seek treatment for opiate addiction start getting that treatment in a timely manner. Matthew M. Elrod Phone: 250-[867-5309] 4493 [No Thru] Rd. Email: email@example.com Victoria, B.C. V9C-3Y1
------------------------------------------------------------------- Ex-Governor Who Fled Mexico Linked To Top Drug Cartel (According to the Chicago Tribune, the Mexico City daily Reforma said Thursday that Mario Villanueva, the former governor of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo who has not been seen since shortly before his term ended April 5, was probably a high-ranking chief of the Juarez cartel, one of the country's most notorious groups of alleged traffickers.) Date: Fri, 7 May 1999 19:02:50 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: Mexico: Ex-Governor Who Fled Mexico Linked To Top Drug Cartel Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Steve Young (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pubdate: May 7, 1999 Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Copyright: 1999 Chicago Tribune Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicagotribune.com/ Forum: http://www.chicagotribune.com/interact/boards/ Section: Sec. 1 EX-GOVERNOR WHO FLED MEXICO LINKED TO TOP DRUG CARTEL MEXICO CITY -- Former Mexican state governor Mario Villanueva, allegedly on the run after being accused of aiding drug traffickers, was probably a high-ranking chief of one of the country's most notorious cartels, newspapers reported Thursday. Anti-drug official Mariano Herran Salvatti told journalists in Cancun that agents expected to arrest Villanueva soon, with the help of international police agency Interpol. "The charges against Villanueva are for drug crimes of various types and imply that he was a leader of the Juarez cartel," Herran Salvatti said, according to the Mexico City daily Reforma. "We believe that we will be able to locate Villanueva soon." The Juarez cartel, with headquarters in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, was considered Mexico's most powerful crime organization until the 1997 death of its leader, Amado Carrillo Fuentes, who flew passenger jets full of cocaine to Mexico from Colombia. The Juarez group is still one of the country's top cartels but its power has been challenged by the Arellano Felix cartel of the northwestern border city of Tijuana. Villanueva has not been seen since shortly before April 5, the end of his term as governor of the southeastern state of Quintana Roo. Just after he disappeared, the Attorney General's Office brought formal charges against him for allegedly helping drug traffickers turn Quintana Roo's long Caribbean coast into a major landing post for Colombian cocaine. Officials say Cancun also became a major money-laundering center during Villanueva's term. Cancun is a major tourist resort, attracting some 2 million visitors, mostly U.S. citizens, every year. The Attorney General's Office said Wednesday that Interpol was aiding the search for Villanueva.
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue No. 90 (The Drug Reform Coordination Network's original drug policy newsmagazine features these stories - Drench passes 10,000 subscriber mark, 90th issue of Week Online; Congressional Black Caucus chair calls for end of mandatory minimum sentencing, felony disenfranchisement; Medical marijuana petitioners file federal suit, allege threats, harassment at polling locations; Hyde, Conyers, Barr and Frank introduce asset forfeiture reform bill; Mounties back Canadian marijuana decriminalization effort; Special Report: Safe injection room opens in Sydney; Australian perspective; Los Angeles: Citizens' fact finding commission on US drug policy, 5/22-23; San Francisco: Medical marijuana researcher to speak at forum, 5/25; and an editorial by Adam J. Smith on the new DEA museum: A monument to failure.) Date: Fri, 07 May 1999 02:31:48 +0000 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: DRCNet (email@example.com) Subject: The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #90 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org The Week Online with DRCNet, Issue #90 -- May 7, 1999 A Publication of the Drug Reform Coordination Network -------- PLEASE COPY AND DISTRIBUTE -------- (To sign off this list, mailto:email@example.com with the line "signoff drc-natl" in the body of the message, or mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance. To subscribe to this list, visit http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html.) This issue can be also be read on our web site at http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html. Check out the DRCNN weekly radio segment at http://www.drcnet.org/drcnn/. The 12th International Conference on Drug Policy Reform is next week! May 12-15, Bethesda, MD (outside Washington, DC), sponsored by the Drug Policy Foundation, (202) 537-5005 or http://www.dpf.org for info. Sign DRCNet's online HEA reform petition at http://www.RaiseYourVoice.com! TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. DRCNet Passes 10,000 Subscriber Mark, 90th Issue of Week Online http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#10000 2. Congressional Black Caucus Chair Calls for End of Mandatory Minimum Sentencing, Felony Disenfranchisement http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#clyburn 3. Medical Marijuana Petitioners File Federal Suit, Allege Threats, Harassment at Polling Locations http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#jacksonville 4. Hyde, Conyers, Barr and Frank Introduce Asset Forfeiture Reform Bill http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#forfeiture 5. Mounties Back Canadian Marijuana Decriminalization Effort http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#mounties 6. SPECIAL REPORT: Safe Injection Room Opens in Sydney http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#sydney 7. Australian Perspective http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#australia 8. Los Angeles: Citizens' Fact Finding Commission on US Drug Policy, 5/22-23 http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#commission 9. San Francisco: Medical Marijuana Researcher to Speak at Forum, 5/25 http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#donabrams 10. EDITORIAL: A Monument to Failure http://www.drcnet.org/wol/090.html#editorial *** 1. DRCNet Passes 10,000 Subscriber Mark, 90th Issue of Week Online This week saw a milestone in DRCNet's history: our Week Online/action alert list has passed 10,000 subscribers! Thanks to those of you who have been with us and helped get the word out, and welcome to those of you who have just arrived. As our readership has grown, the cost of maintaining our expanding programs has also grown. Your support is needed now more than ever! Please consider taking a moment right now to make a small donation or a large donation to the cause. Just visit our online registration form at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html to donate by credit card or to print out a form to mail in; or just send your check or money order to: DRCNet, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Consider joining the monthly credit card donation program! Members donating $35 or more will receive a free copy of the book "Shattered Lives: Portraits from America's Drug War. Shattered Lives will sadden and anger you at the injustice and self-inflicted tragedy of US drug policy. Or, members donating $75 or more will receive a free copy of the video "Sex Drugs and Democracy," by Red Hat Productions, a telling examination of the Netherlands' pragmatic approach to social issues. A second milestone was reached this week, issue #90 of this newsletter, The Week Online. Stay tuned this summer for issue #100, and keep reading as DRCNet and the movement move onward and upward! *** 2. Congressional Black Caucus Chair Calls for End of Mandatory Minimum Sentencing, Felony Disenfranchisement Representative James Clyburn (D-SC), chair of the Congressional Black Caucus, used the occasion of the April 30th Washington DC Democratic Committee Awards Dinner to list mandatory minimum sentencing and felony disenfranchisement, along with the 2000 census, as the most serious civil rights issues facing the nation today. Clyburn, pointing to long-ignored recommendations of the Federal Sentencing Commission that mandatory minimum sentencing ought to be eliminated, noted that "something in the milk ain't clean." Rep. Clyburn, who is known as a moderate voice for the Caucus, joins a growing list of Black leaders who have recently taken issue with various aspects of the Drug War. Last month, Black and Latino members of Congress were joined by other Democrats in introducing legislation aimed at studying the problem of racial profiling on highways, and H.R. 1053, which would repeal the drug provision of the Higher Education Act of 1998, has also drawn support from members of the Caucus. Representative Clyburn told The Week Online that the time has come for society to face these issues. "This mandatory minimum business is something has to be addressed in this country. We cannot reduce judges to the role of clerks in the courtroom. Judges need to be able to have discretion and flexibility in sentencing. If you look at what's happened in this country because of mandatory minimums, our jails are filled to overflowing -- what used to be a misdemeanor is now a felony, what used to result in probation now results in a mandatory five year minimum. The broader impact is clear as well. In places like Florida and Alabama, more than 30% of African-American males are ineligible to vote. Much of that is due to the sentencing laws. We have to get serious and address this." Asked whether the time had come to reexamine the basis of America's drug policy, Representative Clyburn didn't hesitate to say that it had. "We're at the point where we have to take a hard look our entire drug policy. I don't know the answers, and I'm not claiming to have that sort of expertise. But I do know this: If we continue to go the way we're going, we are headed toward catastrophic consequences. We are the most civilized nation, the most technologically advanced nation on earth, yet we have the highest levels of incarceration. These things just don't jibe. I believe that there's enough ingenuity, enough intelligence to solve these problems, but we haven't developed the good will and, in all honesty, the willingness to solve them. And that's what we've got to do." *** 3. Medical Marijuana Petitioners File Federal Suit, Allege Threats, Harassment at Polling Locations Floridians for Medical Rights, an independent, state-based organization that is trying to gather the almost half a million signatures required to get their issue on the state's 2000 ballot, filed suit in federal court on Wednesday against the Sheriff and Supervisor of Elections of Jacksonville. The suit alleges a failure to abide by a prior negotiated settlement to uphold the rights of petitioners, resulting in threats and harassment at several polling locations where they were legally attempting to collect signatures. Floridians for Medical Rights has called on the US Department of Justice to investigate the matter. According to FMR, petitioners outside of the polling location at the First Southern Baptist Church were approached first by a poll worker and later by Pastor Jack Youngblood and ordered to leave. The petitioners displayed the federal court settlement that they won after facing similar difficulties at a different polling location in November. Eventually, the police were called and, in an exchange caught on audiotape, Sgt. Asa Higgs of the Jacksonville Sheriff's Department told the petitioners that they could not remain and collect signatures. When told of the federal court settlement, Higgs replied, "I don't care." The Week Online spoke with Pastor Youngblood who said that his church doesn't "open our grounds for any issue to be petitioned." He added that had he known of the possibility, he would never have leased the space out as a polling location. Pastor Youngblood called the petitioners "very aggressive" and claimed that the 50 feet from the door requirement was insufficient to keep the petitioners from essentially blocking all access to the facilities, which house a K-12 school, a college and the church, as well as the polling location. "I came out to intervene when I was informed of a petitioner preaching to a fourteen year-old girl on the benefits of marijuana use" he said. Pastor Youngblood, however, blames the incident on outgoing Jacksonville Supervisor of Elections Tommie Bell, who claimed to have sent out election notices to all polling locations. Pastor Youngblood claims that he never received a notice, and that he canceled his church's participation as a polling location on the very day of the election. "I can't prove anything" said Youngblood, "but given the problems that they (the FMR petitioners) apparently posed in November, I believe that there was a decision made by the Supervisor of Elections not to send those notices out, rather than face the prospect of numerous churches declining to participate in the election." Youngblood also said that the state should go back to requiring 200 or 300 feet of space between petitioners and the entrance to polling sites. "Fifty feet doesn't help us here. The way our facility is constructed, there's a choke point between our two buildings that is fifty-five feet from our entrance. That allows the petitioners to accost everyone coming here for whatever reason. In the past, the law was at least 200 feet. That would put them on the outskirts of the parking lot and I'd have no problem with it." He added, "This church has never surrendered the sovereignty of our facility to any entity, governmental or otherwise." The suit seeks criminal prosecution of the officers involved under Florida's election law, as well as an investigation into the ongoing neglect by the Jacksonville Sheriff's office and the supervisor of elections office to protect the petitioners first amendment rights. *** 4. Hyde, Conyers, Barr and Frank Introduce Asset Forfeiture Reform Bill Press release from the Drug Policy Foundation: WASHINGTON, May 4 -- Reps. Henry Hyde (R-IL), John Conyers (D-MI), Bob Barr (R-GA), and Barney Frank (D-MA), last seen bickering loudly during the House impeachment hearings, are back together today in a much friendlier fashion. Each is a cosponsor of the Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act, a bill written by Hyde and scheduled to be introduced today. While the bill has important policy implications, it will also be fascinating to watch the old enemies come together around something they all support. DPF has worked on civil asset forfeiture issues for many years and supports the passage of the Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act. "Civil asset forfeiture is such a gross misuse of police powers that it's easy to understand why lawmakers representing a broad spectrum of ideologies are against it," DPF Senior Policy Analyst Scott Ehlers said. "Civil asset forfeiture comes awfully close to being legalized theft." Under the guise of fighting the war on drugs, law enforcement officers can seize your home, car, or money without ever charging you with a crime. Known as civil asset forfeiture (CAF), it is one of the most abused police powers in America today. Civil asset forfeiture is based on the legal fiction that the property that facilitates or is connected with a crime is itself guilty and can be seized and tried in civil court (e.g., United States v. One 1974 Cadillac Eldorado Sedan). Under civil forfeiture law, the government can take a person's property on the basis of "probable cause," which is the same minimal standard required for police to obtain a search warrant. In order to get the property returned, an owner must prove by a "preponderance of the evidence" -- a higher standard of proof -- that his/her property was not used to facilitate a crime. Whereas under criminal law the defendant is innocent until proved guilty, in CAF proceedings the property is presumed guilty and the owner has to prove otherwise to get it back. CAF funds often turn into unregulated police slush funds. When police departments are allowed to keep what they take, CAF funds exist beyond the purview of legislative or budgetary oversight so it's fairly common for police to misuse CAF funds. Nearly a dozen newspapers have documented this, including the Pittsburgh Press, which won a Pulitzer Prize in 1991 for exposing CAF corruption. "That police can take property without anyone being charged or found guilty of a crime is an abomination," Ehlers said. "Civil asset forfeiture basically provides police with a way to run around the Constitution by allowing them to punish someone without having to go through the criminal process." A zeal for CAF funds has occasionally led to the use of "profiling," the targeting of minorities by police which New Jersey Gov. Christine Todd Whitman recently admitted was standard practice among the New Jersey State Police. CAF- related profiling has been documented in Louisiana, Florida, Washington and Maryland. Hyde's bill, which was blocked by a cash-loving Clinton Justice Department in 1997, would make numerous changes to civil forfeiture law, including: * Forcing the government to prove that seized property is related to a crime, as opposed to the current practice of property owners having to prove that their property is not guilty; * Create an "innocent owner" defense, whereby property owners unaware of criminal activity occurring on their property could recover their property; * Provide indigent defendants with appointed counsel; and * Eliminate the cost bond requirement, which currently requires property owners to pay up to $5,000 or 10 percent of the seized property's value in order to contest the seizure in court. For more information, please contact DPF Deputy Communications Director Tyler Green at (202) 537-5005. (Follow DRCNet for an important forfeiture action alert early next week; and visit Forfeiture Endangers American Rights at http://www.fear.org for much more information about asset forfeiture. Visit http://www.dpf.org to learn more about the Drug Policy Foundation.) *** 5. Mounties Back Canadian Marijuana Decriminalization Effort (reprinted from the NORML Foundation, http://www.norml.org) May 6, 1999, Ottawa, Ontario: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) announced their support for a recent proposal to remove criminal penalties for the possession of small amounts of marijuana. The RCMP said they "fully support" the position adopted last month by the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police (CACP) in favor of decriminalizing minor marijuana offenses. The CACP recommended that first time marijuana offenders receive a ticket and pay a small fine in lieu of arrest or criminal penalties. Their proposal persuaded MP Keith Martin (Reform Party- Esquimalt) to introduce legislation in the House of Commons last week that would decriminalize marijuana. For more information, please contact Allen St. Pierre or Paul Armentano of The NORML Foundation at (202) 483-8751. The RCMP's and CACP's position statements appear online at: http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/html/rcmp-cacp99.htm. *** 6. SPECIAL REPORT: Safe Injection Room Opens in Sydney - Peter Watney, Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation Wayside Chapel in Potts Point, Sydney, New South Wales, 500 meters from Kings Cross, the heart of Sydney night life, opened a Safe Injecting Room which it has called the Tolerance Room, or T-room for short, on 3rd May 1999. The law in NSW states that anyone aiding and abetting the consumption of illicit drugs is committing an offense punishable with a fine of up to $2,200 or imprisonment for up to 2 years. The sponsors of the T-room include the Rev. Ray Richmond of the Wayside Chapel, the pastors of a local Catholic, a local Anglican, and a local Methodist Church, the Director of Alcohol and Drug Services at St. Vincents Hospital, the retired Member of the Legislative Council (Upper House of the NSW Parliament) who chaired the Parliamentary Inquiry into Safe Injecting Rooms, and have all appeared on television outside the Wayside Chapel saying that if they are convicted of aiding and abetting then so be it. The Attorney General has said that this is clearly against the law, and it is up to the police to investigate and to bring charges if they find that the law has been broken. The Premier of NSW has said that any action is up to the police. The Prime Minister of Australia has glowered at the cameras and said that it is clearly against the law and "sends the wrong message,' but that it is a state, not a federal, matter. Rev. Richmond has said that if they are charged and convicted they will reopen the T-room. Two European visitors, Dr. Robert Haemmig of Berne Switzerland, who is involved with the Swiss heroin trials and with safe injecting facilities in Berne, and Franz Trautmann of the Trimbos Institute of Amsterdam were included in the photo of the group announcing the opening of the T-room. They have pointed out that in the 20 plus years in the Netherlands and in the 12 years in Switzerland and Frankfurt, Germany that safe injecting rooms have been in operation, there has not been a single overdose death in a safe injecting facility, and that there is statistical evidence that there has been no increase in drug use as a result. Franz Trautmann also pointed out to the media that the start of the change in Netherlands policies was the opening of an illegal safe injecting room in the basement of a Rotterdam church. Furthermore, the European experience has been that public order has considerably improved in the neighborhoods of the SIFs, and that the police and local business have been in favor of them. There has also been a marked reduction in associated crime in the neighborhood of the SIFs. NSW lawyers have suggested that there is a probable defense for Wayside Chapel sponsors and staff, if they are charged, that it is a traditional function of the Church to provide sanctuary, and that that is what the T-room is doing. The Director of Public Prosecutions in NSW is on record as supporting the concept of a heroin trial and of safe injecting rooms, but has also pointed out that where an offense is alleged and the evidence supports the offense, he must prosecute. An interesting situation. Although Australian Capital Territory is separate from NSW, I and at least one other have involved ourselves in that we have both signed a cheque in support of the project and I have signed the supporting letter forwarding the money subscribed by the Australian Drug Law Reform Foundation, and there are several of us who will go to Sydney to help reopen the T-room if it is closed down. If it continues to operate and provides similar statistics to those coming out of Europe, the Prime Minister will need to explain how improvements to mortality, morbidity, social conditions, public order and crime on the streets are a worse message than the present feral mayhem. (To get the latest on this straight from the Australian media, go to http://www.news.com.au/ and click on "The Drugs Debate" link at the bottom left hand corner of the page, or link straight to: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/index.asp?URL=/extras/013/index.htm *** 7. Australian Perspective In the state of South Australia, Paul Rofe, the Director of Public Prosecutions (similar in status to a US state attorney general) said he had no objection to marijuana being sold at the "corner deli," according to a story in The Advertiser. Rofe made the comment at the Australasian Conference on Drug Strategy held last week in Adelaide. Rofe was also quoted as saying, "I am an addict of tobacco and I'm told there is substantial medical evidence to prove this product is killing me. Governments make hundreds of millions of billions of dollars from the sale of tobacco products. I ask myself why some of these governments set themselves so strongly against the involvement in the supply and distribution of illegal drugs, particularly cannabis. And I think you can stretch the argument to heroin. We are dealing with the legal drug situation -- alcohol and tobacco -- much better than we are with the illicit." According to today's issue of The Advertiser, two top public prosecutors, Nick Cowdery, and Richard Refshauge, have joined Rofe in calling for heroin to be given free to addicts in safe injecting rooms to reduce crime and ease overloaded courts. The prosecutors stated, "The availability of free heroin on prescription to registered addicts in safe circumstances would significantly reduce the illicit market and consequently the large profits, the motive for the commission of drug-related property crime." *** 8. Los Angeles: Citizens' Fact Finding Commission on US Drug Policy, 5/22-23 Two day public forum sponsored by the Institute for Policy Studies. Prominent speakers will discuss topics including How the Drug Industry Operates, Government Corruption and Complicity in the War on Drugs, and The Social Impact of Drugs and the War on Drugs. A panel of Commissioners will hear the testimony and issue a final report, including former California Supreme Court Justice Cruz Reynoso, former New York State Supreme Court Justice Shirley Fingerhood, Santa Ana Superior Court Judge James P. Gray, former US Magistrate Volney V. Brown, Jr., and National Prison Project Director-Emeritus Alvin Bronstein, Esq. The event will also include a reception and a benefit showing of the award-winning movie Slam, with an introduction by Producer/Co-Writer Richard Stratton. Forums will be held at the University of Southern California campus, West 34th St., between McLintock and Figueroa Streets, 9:00am-6:00 on Saturday, 5/22 and 10:00am-1:00pm on Sunday, 5/23. The fundraising reception will be held from 6:00-7:30pm on Saturday at the University Religious Center, followed by Slam at 8:00pm in Room 201, Taper Hall. For further information, contact Prof. Robert Benson, Loyola Law School, (213) 736-1094 or Sanho Tree, Institute for Policy Studies, (202) 234-9382, ext. 266. *** 9. San Francisco: Medical Marijuana Researcher to Speak at Forum, 5/25 Prominent AIDS researcher Donald Abrams, MD, the only US researcher currently conducting a clinical trial on medical marijuana, will speak on "Medical Marijuana: Tribulations and Trials" at a forum sponsored by The Lindesmith Center West from 5-7 PM on May 25 at the San Francisco Medical Society (1409 Sutter at Franklin). Dr. Abrams received a grant from the NIH in October 1997 to conduct clinical trials on marijuana's use by patients with HIV infection. He is sure to present a lively and informative discussion of the state of research into marijuana for medicine. The forum will include a review of the medical uses of marijuana, a review of the different pharmacokinetics between oral and smoked THC, issues of concern for patients with HIV, and an outline of the tortuous route Dr. Abrams was required to take to gain approval for his study. Dr. Abrams is chairman and principal investigator of the Community Consortium, an association of Bay Area HIV Health Care Providers, one of the pioneer community-based clinical trials groups, established in 1985. He is the Assistant Director of the AIDS Program at San Francisco General Hospital and a professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. Physicians, students, health care and treatment providers, patients, and members of the public are invited to the free forum. Please phone the Lindesmith Center at (415) 921-4987 or email email@example.com to reserve a space. *** 10. EDITORIAL: A Monument to Failure Adam J. Smith, Associate Director, firstname.lastname@example.org On Monday, May 10, the Drug Enforcement Administration Museum opens for viewing. The exhibit, housed within the Pentagon City, Virginia headquarters of the twenty-five year-old bureaucracy, presents the history of drug abuse and drug enforcement in America. The photos and the placards on its walls harken back to the turn of the century, the heyday of patent medicines when elixirs of all kinds were sold virtually without restriction. Many of these tonics owed their soothing powers to ingredients such as cocaine or opiates and, according to the exhibit, "by 1900... one of every 200 Americans was addicted." Mostly housewives. But for all of the museum's photographs of dead drug users and displays of drug paraphernalia and tommyguns, the most revealing feature comes at the end of the tour, where a placard tells of the situation today, including the emergence of multinational drug cartels and criminal organizations "far more ruthless, corrupting and sophisticated than anything seen heretofore in this country." The irony is likely lost on the gun-toting bureaucrats, but it is rich, nonetheless. More than eight decades since the first drug laws and a quarter-century after the creation of the DEA, and despite millions of arrests and hundreds of billions of tax dollars spent on the drug war, the situation, on the whole, is undoubtedly worse than ever. According to the government's own estimates, three out of every two hundred Americans is a chronic user of either heroin or cocaine, meaning that addiction is flourishing at three times the rate of the bad old days, before the drug laws and before the DEA. Given the nature of bureaucracies, we may never know the identity of the person who first came up with an idea for a DEA museum, but we can assume that the person has a hell of a sense of humor. At a cost to taxpayers of $350,000, the exhibit stands as a monument to the futility of Prohibition, and the impotence of even our best-armed and most well- financed efforts to enforce it. Twenty-five years of rising budgets and expanding power, of bigger arsenals and more sophisticated technology. Twenty-five years of the best laid plans, and yet, today, global crime syndicates, "more ruthless, corrupting and sophisticated" than ever, amass fortunes that dwarf the domestic products of many nations. This week marks the opening of the Drug Enforcement Administration museum on the main floor of that agency's headquarters in Pentagon City, Virginia. Looking back at the history of drug prohibition in America, maybe the person who came up with the idea really was onto something. Perhaps, one day, we'll be smart enough to recognize the point that is being made here. And then we can turn the whole building into a museum. *** DRCNet needs your support! Donations can be sent to 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, or made by credit card at http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html. Donations to the Drug Reform Coordination Network are not tax-deductible. Deductible contributions supporting our educational work can be made by check to the DRCNet Foundation, a 501(c)(3) tax- exempt organization, same address. PERMISSION to reprint or redistribute any or all of the contents of The Week Online is hereby granted. We ask that any use of these materials include proper credit and, where appropriate, a link to one or more of our web sites. If your publication customarily pays for publication, DRCNet requests checks payable to the organization. If your publication does not pay for materials, you are free to use the materials gratis. In all cases, we request notification for our records, including physical copies where material has appeared in print. Contact: Drug Reform Coordination Network, 2000 P St., NW, Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036, (202) 293-8340 (voice), (202) 293-8344 (fax), e-mail email@example.com. Thank you. Articles of a purely educational nature in The Week Online appear courtesy of the DRCNet Foundation, unless otherwise noted. *** DRCNet *** GATEWAY TO REFORM PAGE http://www.stopthedrugwar.org/ DRCNet HOME PAGE http://www.drcnet.org/ DRUG POLICY LIBRARY http://www.druglibrary.org/ JOIN/MAKE A DONATION http://www.drcnet.org/drcreg.html REFORMER'S CALENDAR http://www.drcnet.org/calendar.html SUBSCRIBE TO THIS LIST http://www.drcnet.org/signup.html
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, No. 97 (The original summary of drug policy news from DrugSense opens with the weekly Feature Article - David Broder mistakenly thinks forced treatment will win the war on drugs, by Steve Young, MAP Focus Alert specialist. The Weekly News in Review features several articles about Drug War Policy - US exports zero tolerance; US antidrug campaign to be closely monitored; New drug-war offensive showing encouraging results; Drug wars, part two; and, Study: Cheaper heroin encourages addicts. Articles about Law Enforcement & Prisons include - What happened when New York got businesslike about crime; Drug war unfairly targets black community; Activist jurors judge the law; Severity of drug laws troubles a jury foreman; and an editorial: New Jersey's trooper scandal. Medical Marijuana news includes - Therapeutic marijuana use supported while thorough proposed study done; Pot cultivation charges dropped; and, Amber waves of hemp? why not? International News includes - Canada: Weeding out Canadian criminals; Australia: Shot in the arm for drug debate; and, Moral muddle in the drugs debate. The weekly Hot Off The 'Net gives the URL for a great site compiling medicinal marijuana science findings. The Tip of the Week notes the DPF Conference will be available on RealAudio, so you can be there even if you can't be there. The Quote of the Week features three scary citations from Bill Clinton, "Lover of Liberty.") From: firstname.lastname@example.org (DrugSense) To: email@example.com Subject: DrugSense Weekly, May 7, 1999, #97 Date: Fri, 07 May 1999 10:35:52 -0700 Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Lines: 870 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY *** DrugSense Weekly, May 7, 1999 #97 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ This Publication May Be Read On-line at: http://www.drugsense.org/dsw/1999/ds99.n97.html NOTICE: The DrugSense Weekly will be taking a one week hiatus the week of May 14, as many of our editors will be attending the Drug Policy Foundation Conference in Bethesda MD. TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, DONATE OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS PLEASE SEE THE INFORMATION AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS NEWSLETTER Please consider writing a letter to the editor using the email addresses on any of the articles below. Send a copy of your LTE to MGreer@mapinc.org. *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article David Broder mistakenly thinks forced treatment will win the war on drugs / by Steve Young - MAP Focus Alert Specialist * Weekly News in Review Drug War Policy- (1) US Exports Zero Tolerance (2) US Antidrug Campaign To Be Closely Monitored (3) New Drug-War Offensive Showing Encouraging Results (4) US TX: Drug Wars, Part Two (5) Study: Cheaper Heroin Encourages Addicts Law Enforcement & Prisons- (6) What Happened When New York Got Businesslike About Crime (7) Drug War Unfairly Targets Black Community (8) Activist Jurors Judge The Law (9) Severity of Drug Laws Troubles a Jury Foreman (10) Editorial: New Jersey's Trooper Scandal Medical Marijuana- (11) Therapeutic Marijuana Use Supported While Thorough Proposed Study (12) Pot Cultivation Charges Dropped (13) Amber Waves Of Hemp? Why Not? International News- (14) Canada: Weeding Out Canadian Criminals (15) Australia: Shot In The Arm For Drug Debate (16) Moral Muddle In The Drugs Debate * Hot Off The 'Net Great Site Compiling Medicinal Marijuana Science Findings * Tip of the Week DPF Conference to be Available on RealAudio - Be There (even if you can't be there.) * Quote(s) of the Week Bill Clinton "Lover of Liberty" *** FEATURE ARTICLE *** David Broder mistakenly thinks forced treatment will win the war on drugs / by Steve Young MAP Focus Alert Specialist Following the lead of many so-called "progressive prohibitionists," syndicated columnist David Broder has jumped on the coerced treatment bandwagon. Broder wrote a column appearing in many newspapers this week claiming that the war on drugs can be won, as long as anyone charged with drug crime is forced into treatment, whether they are addicted or not. In addition to treatment, extensive drug testing is also recommended for those in treatment and those released from treatment. While treatment may seem more humane than prison, coercion is coercion. Recall that in the former Soviet Union psychiatrists and mental hospitals were frequently used to "cure" those who dared to challenge official state policies. While Broder seems to see this trend coming directly from voters through initiatives like Arizona's Proposition 200, it's interesting that he refers to other elements of Prop. 200 as "controversial." Perhaps drug policy that doesn't involve the state pressuring individuals to act against their own free will continues to sound controversial to some people. In addition to his endorsement to this highly questionable practice, Broder shows a basic misunderstanding of the relation of drug policies to the incarceration boom. "It long has been known that drug abuse is the major factor in swelling our prison and jail population almost to 2 million," Broder writes. Well, Dave, not exactly. It's the policies that are supposedly designed to deal with drug abuse that are crowding prisons and jails. Please write to the newspapers where Broder's column appeared to remind readers that the only solution to drug problems is real reform, not just changing the signs over prison gates to read "Official Drug Treatment Center." NOTE: The above feature refers to an article written in the Washington Post. Please consider writing a letter to them using the information below. Should you elect to take this action, you should write your letter then visit the web page and paste it into the feedback form provided: To Win the War on Drugs [snip] Pubdate: Sun, 02 May 1999 Source: Washington Post (DC) Copyright: 1999 The Washington Post Company Page: B07 Address: 1150 15th Street Northwest, Washington, DC 20071 Feedback: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/ Author: David S. Broder *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** Domestic News- Policy *** COMMENT: (1-5) Loic Wacquant's brilliant analysis and chronology of the punitive social policies which have evolved insidiously in the US and Western Europe over the past 2 decades appeared in April Le Monde. The superb translation available at the MAP URL should be studied by everyone with a serious interest in drug policy. Two good examples of the linkages Wacquant described are offered by the next two articles. The WSJ lauds "responsible monitoring" of McCzar's completely unproven multi billion dollar ad campaign, while David Broder's widely distributed op-ed praised coercive "treatment" as a solution for the problem of "drug crime" without any reference to the fact that the "criminal" nature of drug use is itself a function of a destructive and ineffective policy. The thrust of the study described in the OC Register was not criticism of our drug policy as a failure, but the suggestion that hard core junkies are somewhat price-sensitive. Nevertheless, the last paragraph discloses that $100 bought three times as much heroin in 1995 as it did in 1988. Progress? *** (1) US EXPORTS ZERO TOLERANCE Penal 'common sense' comes to Europe As gigantic industrial and financial mergers are sweeping across the United States and Europe, to the seeming indifference of the governments concerned, political leaders everywhere are vying with each other to think up and implement new ways of cracking down on crime. The mainstream media, often forgetting that urban violence is rooted in the generalisation of social insecurity, contribute with their own biases to defining these alleged threats to society. Many of the remedies commonly proposed ('zero tolerance', curfews, suspension of social allowances to offenders' families, increased repression of minors) take their inspiration from the American model. And, as in the United States, they are bound to lead to the extension of social control compounded with exploding rates of imprisonment. [snip] This process originates in Washington and New York City, and reaches Europe via London. It is anchored by the complex formed by the organs of the American state that are entrusted with implementing and showcasing "penal rigour". Among these are the federal Department of Justice and the State Department (which proselytises, through its embassies in each host country, ultra-repressive criminal justice policies, particularly in regard to drugs), semi-public and professional associations tied to the administration of police and corrections. The media and the commercial enterprises that partake of the business of imprisonment are also part of this process. [snip] Pubdate: April 1999 Source: Le Monde (France) Copyright: by Le Monde, Paris 1999 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.lemonde.fr/ Author: Loic Wacquant Translation: Tarik Wareh(from French) for the English language edition URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n466.a06.html Note: Loic Wacquant is professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, and researcher at the Centre de sociologie europeenne du College de France *** (2) US ANTIDRUG CAMPAIGN TO BE CLOSELY MONITORED The $2 billion federally sponsored campaign to keep kids from using drugs is putting the government into the unfamiliar business of measuring advertising effectiveness. U.S. drug czar Barry R. McCaffrey, a retired four star general, knows a lot about accountability in the military. Friday, he said he would hold Madison Avenue to the same high standard. "There are no points for style," Gen. McCaffrey said in an address to the American Association of Advertising Agencies, many of whom provide free creative work for the campaign, which was launched' in 1998. "We've got to achieve an outcome. We have to change the way Americans act," the general said at the group's annual meeting in Amelia Island, Fla. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 26 Apr 1999 Source: Wall Street Journal (NY) Section: Advertising Page: B10 Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: Gordon Fairclough URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n456.a06.html *** (3) NEW DRUG-WAR OFFENSIVE SHOWING ENCOURAGING RESULTS DECADES after America declared "war on drugs," there are encouraging signs that we may be getting smart about how it can be won. For years, the focus was on blocking shipments of heroin and cocaine into the country. The effort continues, but so does the drug traffic. When frustration with that approach bubbled over, the next move was to crack down on the users. "Lock 'em up and throw away the key" became the new mantra. [snip] McCaffrey agrees. In congressional testimony last week, he said it was time to abandon the phrase "war on drugs," because "addicted Americans are not the enemy. They require treatment. Wars are waged with weapons and soldiers. Prevention and treatment are the primary tools in our fight against drugs." [snip] Pubdate: Sun, 02 May 1999 Source: Houston Chronicle (TX) Copyright: 1999 Houston Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chron.com/ Forum: http://www.chron.com/content/hcitalk/index.html Author: David S. Broder URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n467.a09.html *** (4) US TX: DRUG WARS, PART TWO The Houston-based Drug Policy Forum of Texas believes the U.S. war on drugs is indefensible. To prove its point, the group is offering $500 to anyone willing to publicly and intellectually argue in favor of current drug policy. The group is looking for an individual to defend current drug laws - and argue in favor of punishing possession of small amounts of marijuana - in at least one debate. [snip] Over the past few years the group, which favors decriminalization and regulation of illegal substances, has contacted dozens of government officials, elected representatives and civic leaders, but no one has been willing to debate. So the group offered the reward. But still, no takers. "We've had zero response," said Veley. "We can't find anyone who will become informed on the subject and argue against changing the law. Nobody will argue in favor of the current laws." [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 30 Apr 1999 Source: Austin Chronicle (TX) Copyright: 1999 Austin Chronicle Corp. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.auschron.com/ URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n470.a09.html *** (5) STUDY: CHEAPER HEROIN ENCOURAGES ADDICTS Drugs: The results pose the question: Would driving up the price motivate some users to stop? Washington-Heroin prices dropped in half from the late 1980s to mid-1990s, driving up use by addicts, a study finds. The results are significant because they suggest that addicts are sensitive to price fluctuations, meaning drug policy that drives up prices could stem drug use even among hard-core users, said the study's author, Dr. Peter Bach, who did his work at the University of Chicago. [snip] In Los Angeles, $100 bought 267 milligrams; in Phoenix, 244 milligrams; in San Francisco, 195 milligrams.... in 1988, $100 bought 29 milligrams in Atlanta and 77 milligrams in Los Angeles. Pubdate: Friday, 30 April 1999 Source: Orange County Register (CA) Copyright: 1999 The Orange County Register Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Author: Laura Meckler-The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n465.a09.html *** Law Enforcement & Prisons *** COMMENT: (6-10) Giuliani again. The ubiquitous NY Mayor earned high marks from WSJ columnist Holman Jenkins in a column which was almost a textbook illustration of the deceitful rhetoric exposed by Waquant's Le Monde article. DPFT member Rick Day wasn't fooled by Giuliani in his op-ed in the conservative DMN. A DPFT article in the DMN? Now, that's progress Two educational and generally favorable articles on the subject of jury nullification appeared in the wake of Laura Kriho's (partial) reversal by the Colorado Supreme court. Finally, outrage over racial profiling by New Jersey state troopers inspired both a self-righteous NYT editorial and a federal lawsuit, without any recognition of the ironic implications: the profiling is a direct consequence of federal drug policies. *** (6) WHAT HAPPENED WHEN NEW YORK GOT BUSINESSLIKE ABOUT CRIME Despite "reinventing government" and the ebb and flow of similar management slogans equating government with business, the twain are destined seldom to meet, as the Mayor of New York is discovering. Up until a few months ago, Rudy Giuliani might have been known to history as the one politician who took aim at a supposedly entrenched condition of modern life, urban crime, and actually did something about it. [snip] "I'm trying to run the NYPD as you would a private corporation," said Mr. Guiliani's first police commissioner, William Bratton. He used words like "productivity" and made precinct captains directly answerable for crime rates. [snip] Pubdate: April 28, 1999 Source: Wall Street Journal (NY) Copyright: 1999 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Section: Business World Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.wsj.com/ Author: Holman W. Jenkins Jr. URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n459.a02.html *** (7) DRUG WAR UNFAIRLY TARGETS BLACK COMMUNITY In a recent visit to Dallas, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani spoke to the Greater Dallas Crime Commission. The arch-conservative politico chastised the Clinton Administration's lack of commitment to stopping the flow of drugs across the border, even though a record 665,000 Americans were arrested in the U.S. last year for simple marijuana possession. [snip] One of the last things the Dallas Police Department should exemplify is a racially biased group such as Giuliani's finest. Unless the mayor and City Council drastically change police policy, this racist trend will continue, effectively destroying Dallas' black community, as it is currently known. Rick D. Day is a Dallas business owner and member of the Drug Policy Forum of Texas. Pubdate: Sun, 25 Apr 1999 Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Copyright: 1999 The Dallas Morning News Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Forum: http://forums.dallasnews.com:81/webx Author: Rick D. Day URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n454.a07.html *** (8) ACTIVIST JURORS JUDGE THE LAW Movement Uses Jury Box To Work For Social Change In courthouses across the country, an unprecedented level of juror activism is taking hold, ignited by a movement of people who are turning their back on the evidence they hear at trial and instead using the jury box as a bold form of civil protest. [snip] If jurors vote not to convict because they don't believe the nation's drug laws are fair, they may disguise their true feelings by simply saying the evidence wasn't there or the prosecution didn't make its case. Otherwise, they risk being ejected from the jury box. But lawyers across the country are convinced that jurors are rejecting the law -- in drug possession cases, in trials that lead to "three strikes, you're out" or other stiff mandatory sentences, and in situations that invoke evolving social values.... [snip] Pubdate: Sat, 01 May 1999 Source: Denver Post (CO) Copyright: 1999 The Denver Post Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.denverpost.com/ Author: Joan Biskupic, The Washington Post URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n472.a03.html *** THE BIG CITY (9) SEVERITY OF DRUG LAWS TROUBLES A JURY FOREMAN A jury was being selected for a drug case, and as soon as I confessed my occupation the prosecutor raised a question: did I have opinions on drugs that would prevent me from being a fair juror? "Well, I have opinions," I said, but I assured him I could set them aside. What else could I say without professional embarrassment? "No, I'm such a biased journalist that my judgment is hopelessly impaired." But then I was not only picked for the jury but also appointed foreman, and doubts set in. [snip] Within an hour we returned to the courtroom, and it was with a clear conscience that I stood up and said, "Not guilty." We had followed the judge's instruction not to discuss the severity of the prison sentence. [snip] Pubdate: Mon, 03 May 1999 Source: New York Times (NY) Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://www10.nytimes.com/comment/ Author: John Tierney URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n474.a07.html *** (10) EDITORIAL: NEW JERSEY'S TROOPER SCANDAL The racial profiling and drug interdiction offenses at the New Jersey State Police keep looking worse and worse. It was outrageous when state troopers were found to be stopping and searching a disproportionate number of black and Hispanic motorists on the New Jersey Turnpike in an effort to intercept illegal drugs. Now it turns out that the State Police have enlisted hotel workers along the turnpike to spy on guests and report behavior as common as speaking Spanish. This civil liberties nightmare has all the earmarks of a program that has spun out of control. Thus it can only be welcome that the Federal Department of Justice has decided that there are grounds to file a civil suit against the State Police for racial discrimination... [snip] Pubdate: April 30, 1999 Source: New York Times (NY) Copyright: 1999 The New York Times Company Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Forum: http://www10.nytimes.com/comment/ Author: Editor URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n464.a02.html *** Medical Marijuana *** COMMENT: (11-13) A turgid rehash of the craven IOM report appeared in JAMA. The only one seemingly cognizant of that real patients have needs which are not currently being met was the headline writer. In Northern California, cultivation charges against Dr. Baldwin and his wife were thrown out. This gratifying reversal of the execrable string of judicial rulings in the trials of medical Cannabis users was long overdue. The same judge will preside over the trial of Steve and Michele Kubby. The pressure for agricultural hemp continued from around the country. The question now seems to be which state will be the first to defy the feds and when? *** (11) THERAPEUTIC MARIJUANA USE SUPPORTED WHILE THOROUGH PROPOSED STUDY DONE Advocates for the medical use of marijuana received support recently from Institute of Medicine (IOM), recommendations that clinical trials and drug development should proceed. But its acceptance into the general population of prescribed drugs appears to be years away-if it happens at all. [snip] Pubdate: Wed, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Journal of the American Medical Association (US) Copyright: 1999 American Medical Association. Contact: JAMAemail@example.com Website: http://www.ama-assn.org/public/journals/jama/ Author: Mike Mitka URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n465.a06.html *** (12) POT CULTIVATION CHARGES DROPPED Dentist And Wife Still Face Sales Accusation By Dena Erwin, Journal Staff Writer An Auburn judge dismissed marijuana cultivation charges against a Rocklin dentist and his wife Wednesday, ruling their 146-plant garden complied with a 1996 state initiative allowing use of the drug for medical purposes. [snip] In making what could turn out to be a landmark ruling, Superior Court Judge James D. Garbolino said Proposition 215 makes a patient exempt from prosecution for cultivation once he obtains a physician's recommendation. [snip] Newshawk: Steve Kubby http://www.kubby.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 28 Apr 1999 Source: Auburn Journal Copyright: 1999 Auburn Journal Contact: ElPatricio@aol.com Address: 1030 High St., Auburn, CA 95603 Website: http://www.auburnjournal.com/ Author: Dena Erwin, Journal Staff Writer *** (13) AMBER WAVES OF HEMP? WHY NOT? The Lancaster County countryside is a contrast of old-farm charm and modern-day despair. And it's about to become the home turf for a heated debate on an illegal crop that some say could be the salvation of struggling farmers. Tucked among the meadows of grazing cows, the fields of cornstalks reaching for the skies, are rows and rows of tobacco plants - a crop that robs the soil of its nutrients, robs people of their lives and robs farmers of their livelihoods. Mary Jane Balmer has been a farmer most of her 60 years. In the heyday of tobacco farming, Balmer's crop would bring in $2,000 an acre. Last year, she made nothing. Now she's looking at hemp as a possible crop. [snip] Pubdate: 1 May 1999 Source: Philadelphia Inquirer (PA) Copyright: 1999 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc. Contact: Inquirer.Opinion@phillynews.com Website: http://www.phillynews.com/ Forum: http://interactive.phillynews.com/talk-show/ Author: Lauren Rooney URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n467.a04.html *** International News *** COMMENT: (14-16) In a week which saw Ontario legislators confess their youthful drug use, MAP member Dave Haans had a column published in the Toronto Star on the recommendation by Canadian chiefs of police to decriminalize possession of small amounts of pot (opposed by rank and file police union members). In Australia, the fierce debate between hard-liners and harm reductionists took a bizarre twist with the opening of a "stealth," church-sponsored shooting gallery with strict rules against smoking or sharing of drugs by addicts. Finally, in Scotland, the media admitted that heroin users were being written off because of their drug of choice, even as overdose deaths in Stathclyde headed toward another annual record. *** (14) CANADA: WEEDING OUT CANADIAN CRIMINALS Something of a miracle happened in Canada this month, in its implications for our national drug policy. The Canadian Association of Police Chiefs' board of directors agreed to start pressing the federal government to decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana and hashish. The reason? Canada's courts are backlogged with thousands of minor possession cases, and police across the country are finding themselves without the resources to go after traffickers and other more serious criminals. [snip] Pubdate: Fri, 30 Apr 1999 Source: Toronto Star (Canada) Section: Opinion Copyright: 1999, The Toronto Star Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.thestar.com/ Page: A25 Author: Dave Haans, graduate student studying drug policy issues at the University of Toronto URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n465.a04.html *** (15) AUSTRALIA: SHOT IN THE ARM FOR DRUG DEBATE NICK'S hypodermic, swab, tourniquet and foil of heroin are neatly laid out in preparation for his hit. He is about to inject, but first he reaches for a calming cigarette. Big mistake: the nurse is on him immediately. "You can't smoke in here," she says sternly, pointing to the rules posted on the wall. Nick guiltily shoves the pack back in his pocket and gets on with shooting up. Such are the bizarre contradictions that arise when the heroin culture collides with church rules. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 4 May 1999 Source: Australian, The (Australia) Copyright: News Limited 1999 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/ Author: Sally Jackson URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n472.a11.html *** (16) MORAL MUDDLE IN THE DRUGS DEBATE Editorial comment Is one drug abuser's life worth more than another's? Our moral sense says no. Whether you take your text from Jesus' example in befriending prostitutes and curing lepers, or from Rabbie Burns's assertion that "a man's for a that", the message is the same: we are all equal. By this token, the death of the teenager, Leah Betts, after taking ecstasy is no more tragic than the deaths of the 80 people from heroin overdoses in Strathclyde last year. [snip] Pubdate: Tue, 27 Apr 1999 Source: Scotsman (UK) Copyright: The Scotsman Publications Ltd 1999 Contact: Letters_ts@scotsman.com Website: http://www.scotsman.com/ Forum: http://www.scotsman.com/ URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n456.a07.html *** HOT OFF THE 'NET *** Great Site Compiling Medicinal Marijuana Science Findings Thanks to Darral Good for informing us of this site: http://www.medmjscience.org/ *** Two news items of particular interest that were too recent to make this weeks edition: Serbia: KLA Linked To Enormous Heroin Trade URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v99.n479.a12.html Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom O'Connell) Pubdate: Wed, 5 May 1999 Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Copyright: 1999 San Francisco Chronicle Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Forum: http://www.sfgate.com/conferences/ Author: Frank Viviano *** A particularly egregious piece of drivel by Joe Califano just hit the incoming news as we went to press. It should be posted by our ever vigilant news editors by the time you have this issue See: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/ Source: San Francisco Chronicle Pubdate: May 6, 1999 Page: A27 Website: http://www.sfgate.com/ Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org A Gauge of Distress With Public Schools / Joseph A. Califano Jr. Tom O'Connell, who NewsHawked these pieces strongly encourages letters of response on one or both of these articles. *** Tip of The Week *** DPF Conference to be Available on RealAudio - Be There (even if you can't be there.) DPF will be taping the highlights for the Conference and will be posting a RealAudio archive of the tapes to the DPF website shortly after the conference. Keep an eye on the website for an update. http://www.dpf.org/ *** QUOTE(S) OF THE WEEK *** Bill Clinton "Lover of Liberty" "If the personal freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution inhibit the government's ability to govern the people, we should look to limit those guarantees." President Bill Clinton, August 12, 1993 http//fennel.assumption.edu/view/1998/view0498.htm *** "The United States can't be so fixed on our desire to preserve the rights of ordinary Americans..." President William Clinton, March 1, 1993 during a press conference in Piscataway, NJ Source: Boston Globe, 3/2/93, page 3 Source: USA Today, March 11, 1993 *** "When we got organized as a country and we wrote a fairly radical Constitution with a radical Bill of Rights, giving a radical amount of individual freedom to Americans, it was assumed that the Americans who had that freedom would use it responsibly.... [However, now] there's a lot of irresponsibility. And so a lot of people say there's too much freedom. When personal freedom's being abused, you have to move to limit it." President Bill Clinton MTV's "Enough is Enough" 3-22-94 *** DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. TO SUBSCRIBE, UNSUBSCRIBE, OR UPDATE YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS: Please utilize the following URLs http://www.drugsense.org/hurry.htm http://www.drugsense.org/unsub.htm News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (email@example.com) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (firstname.lastname@example.org) We wish to thank all our contributors, editors, Newshawks and letter writing activists. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Become a NewsHawk See http://www.mapinc.org/hawk.htm for info on contributing clippings. *** NOW YOU CAN DONATE TO DRUGSENSE ONLINE AND IT'S TAX DEDUCTIBLE DrugSense provides many services to at no charge BUT THEY ARE NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. 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