------------------------------------------------------------------- Fifty Police Raid Bill Conde (A List Subscriber Breaks The News About A Massive Police Action Against The Marijuana Law Reform Activist In Harrisburg, Oregon) From: LawBerger@aol.com Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 00:54:28 EDT To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: DPFOR: Fwd: CanPat - Date: Tue, 15 Sep 1998 20:18:57 -0700 Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ heard this earlier today, although this is the first I heard of 50 cops. film at 11 and maybe later in the campaign as well? Lee Berger Portland *** Date: 16 Sep 1998 03:28:12 -0000 From: "Doc Farmer" (email@example.com) To: (firstname.lastname@example.org) Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org copos raided bill conde's lumberyard, 50 strong today. no victim, no crime. fred oerther md
------------------------------------------------------------------- Man Who Throws Annual `Cannabis Carnival' Arrested ('The Associated Press' Version)Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 01:55:44 -0700 From: Paul Freedom (email@example.com) Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots To: "firstname.lastname@example.org" (email@example.com) Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com) Subject: CanPat - CONDE BUSTED! THIS IS WAR! Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com CALL SHERIFF BURRIGHT AND TELL HIM TO STOP THE FASCIST VIOLATION OF BILL CONDE LUMBER COMPANY! SHERRIF DAVE BURRIGHT 541-967-3911 *** Man who throws annual `cannabis carnival' arrested The Associated Press 9/16/98 12:43 AM HARRISBURG, Ore. (AP) -- A man who put on a "cannabis carnival" earlier this month was arrested Tuesday on a marijuana possession charge. William B. Conde, 55, was arrested at his home in Harrisburg, about 10 miles north of Eugene. Linn County sheriff's detectives executed a search warrant at the residence, which is also the headquarters for Conde's lumber company, Redwood Lumber, and High Five Music. Detectives seized computers and documents related to the annual carnival and outdoor music festival, which drew hundreds of people to Conde's property Sept. 4-6. Conde was arrested on a possession charge after investigators found more than an ounce of marijuana. He was booked at the Linn County Jail. Another person at the home, James Steven Dowd, 30, was arrested on an outstanding drug possession warrant from Washington state. Conde already had been scheduled to appear in court later this month on 35 violations from the July 1997 carnival. Detectives obtained the search warrant after investigating items seized during the carnival. Sheriff Dave Burright said more arrests are expected.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Man Who Throws Annual 'Cannabis Carnival' Arrested (A Lengthier 'Associated Press' Version) From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "-News" (email@example.com) Subject: OR Man who throws annual `cannabis carnival' arrested Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 13:02:10 -0700 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Man who throws annual `cannabis carnival' arrested The Associated Press 09/16/98 4:20 AM Eastern HARRISBURG, Ore. (AP) -- A marijuana activist who put on a "cannabis carnival" earlier this month has been arrested on a charge of possessing the drug. William B. Conde, 55, was arrested at his home in Harrisburg, about 10 miles north of Eugene. Linn County sheriff's detectives executed a search warrant at the residence, which is also the headquarters for Conde's lumber company, Redwood Lumber, and High Five Music. Detectives seized computers and documents related to the annual "Cannabis Carnival Unity Fair" and outdoor music festival, which drew hundreds of people to Conde's property Sept. 4-6. Conde was arrested on a possession charge after investigators found more than an ounce of marijuana. He was booked at the Linn County Jail. Conde's lawyer, Brian Michaels, said the search was illegal and politically motivated. "Linn County has taken a political exception to Mr. Conde's views," Michaels said at the gate to Conde's property while the search was under way. "This is political intimidation at its worst." Sheriff Dave Burright said Conde blatantly broke the law during the festival. "We have eyewitness accounts of multiple, multiple illegal drug transactions and drug use, just a total disregard for the law," said Burright, who also alleged that drugs were being used in front of children and, in some cases, by children. "This is something I will not tolerate in this county," Burright said. Another man who lives at Conde's home, James Steven Dowd, 30, was arrested on an outstanding drug possession warrant from Washington state. Conde was last arrested in 1976 during a raid at his home in Cottage Grove, where he also ran his business. He was convicted on two drug charges two years later and sentenced to 90 days in jail. Conde argued in court then that he was Christian, and that God provided marijuana to be used with other herbs. After serving a portion of his jail term, shaken by the impact the case had on his life and business, he told a judge he wouldn't use marijuana anymore and no longer viewed the drug as part of his religion. Conde already had been scheduled to appear in court later this month on 35 violations from the July 1997 carnival. Michaels charged that authorities are trying to pressure Conde into abandoning his First Amendment rights to campaign for marijuana legalization, and are trying to bully supporters into staying away from his gatherings. Burright said more arrests are expected. "There's a lot of people who ought to watching over their shoulders," he said.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Cannabis Carnival Activist Arrested (The Version In The Bend, Oregon 'Bulletin') From: email@example.com Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 16:20:27 -0700 (PDT) Subject: DPFOR: Cannabis carnival activist arressted To: firstname.lastname@example.org Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Newshawk: Curt Wagoner Source: Bend Bulletin (email@example.com) Website: http://www.bendbulletin.com Pubdate: 9-16-98 Page: A-8 Section: News briefs 'Cannabis carnival' activist arrested HARRISBURG- A marijuana activist who put on a 'cannabis carnival' earlier this month has been arrested on a charge of possessing the drug. William B. Conde, 55, was arrested at his home in Harrisburg, about 10 miles north of Eugene. Linn County sherriff's detectives executed a search warrant at the residence, which is also the headquarters for Conde's lumber company, Redwood Lumber, and High Five Music. Conde was arrested on a possession charge after investigators found more than an ounce of marijuana.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Marijuana Activist Arrested In Raid (The Version In The Eugene, Oregon 'Register-Guard') Date: Thu, 17 Sep 1998 13:09:42 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US OR: Marijuana Activist Arrested In Raid Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: galit maki (firstname.lastname@example.org) Source: Register-Guard, The (OR) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.registerguard.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 Author: JANELLE HARTMAN MARIJUANA ACTIVIST ARRESTED IN RAID HARRISBURG - Well-known marijuana activist Bill Conde was arrested Tuesday for allegedly possessing the drug after Linn County sheriff's deputies searched his home and redwood lumber business, a search Conde'slawyer decried as illegal and politically motivated. "Linn County has taken a political exception to Mr. Conde's views," attorney Brian Michaels said at the gate to Conde's property while the search was under way. "This is political intimidation at its worst." Sheriff Dave Burright said deputies were acting on "very serious allegations of illegal activity" on Conde's property at 23005 N. Coburg Road, specifically during his "Cannabis Carnival Unity Fair" in early September. "We have eyewitness accounts of multiple, multiple illegal drug transactions and drug use, just a total disregard for the law," Burright said, alleging that drugs were being used in front of children and, in some cases, by children. "This is something I will not tolerate in this county," he said. According to a sheriff's office news release, Conde, 55, was charged with possession of marijuana. He was taken to the Linn County Jail in Albany and later released. Deputies also arrested James Steven Dowd, 20, who lived at Conde's residence, on a warrant from Washington state for possession of a controlled substance. Conde hasn't been arrested in recent years, according to his lawyer and court records. In 1976, he was arrested after a raid in Cottage Grove, where he lived and ran his business. He was convicted on two drug charges two years later and sentenced to 90 days in jail. Conde argued in court then that he was Christian, and that God provided marijuana to be used with other herbs. Part way through his jail term, shaken by the impact the case had on his life and business, he told a judge he wouldn't use marijuana anymore and no longer viewed the drug as part of his religion. Michaels angrily called Tuesday's search warrant "overbroad" and said deputies took all of Conde's business records and computers, effectively shutting down his lumberyard. The warrant stated that deputies were searching not only for drugs, but for records of drug transactions and paperwork to identify people who attended or worked at the Cannabis Carnival - one of many marijuana-themed events Conde has hosted. The events draw political activists and vendors who make food, beverages, clothing and other items from hemp. Michaels charged that authorities are trying to pressure Conde into abandoning his First Amendment rights to campaign for marijuana legalization, and are trying to bully supporters into staying away from his gatherings. Burright said Conde is free to have political events and free to speak his mind, "but he will conduct himself in a legal manner." He said more arrests are likely if police can identify people who used or sold drugs at the latest festival. "There's a lot of people who ought to be watching over their shoulders," he said. Investigators believe illegal drugs in addition to marijuana were being used at the festival, he said. Michaels said Conde in no way "promoted or profited" from drug use at the event, meaning he committed no crimes there and can't be held accountable for the behavior of others. Doing so would be like holding the University of Oregon liable for someone who uses drugs at a football game, he said. He said Conde hired security for the event and instructed officers to escort people off the property if they saw criminal behavior. The orders, however, didn't pertain to possessing or smoking marijuana. Under Oregon law, having less than an ounce of marijuana is a violation, not a crime. Conde is campaigning against a measure on the November ballot, Measure 57, which would recriminalize marijuana use and possession. He is lobbying for a second proposal, Measure 67, to allow medical use of marijuana. "Mr. Conde isn't a drug dealer," Michaels said. "If they're going to claim he smokes marijuana, I think he's openly admitted that. But any other criminal activity, it just doesn't happen." Michaels said he doesn't understand how allegations of criminal conduct on the festival site north of Conde's house gave deputies a right to search the home. "They're in his private residence going through his clothing drawers," he said. Conde plans to fight back in court, he said. "I think they picked on the wrong guy," Michaels said. "As I know Mr. Conde over the years, we're going to see the county in court over this for a long time."
------------------------------------------------------------------- Pot Battle Shifts To Ballot Box (An Op-Ed In 'The San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune' Favors Patients' Rights To Medical Marijuana But Says The Fate Of Proposition 215 Likely Will Be Determined In November By Who California Voters Elect As Governor And Attorney General) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 19:01:51 -0400 (EDT) From: Jo-D
To: DPFCA (DPFCA@drugsense.org), firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: DPFCA: US: CA: Pot battle shifts to ballot box Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison Source: San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune (CA) Section: Letters to the editor, Page B-7 Contact: email@example.com Website: http://sanluisobispo.com/ Tel: 805-781-7800 Pubdate: Wednesday, September 16, 1998 Author: Tom Elias, firstname.lastname@example.org Pot battle shifts to ballot box LOS ANGELES - Confusion reigns more than ever in California's medical marijuana wars this fall as the state's most liberal cities and counties struggle to find a legal way to distribute the weed to patients who need it, and federal and state authorities fight to close the few remaining cannabis buyers clubs. The battle figures to move both to the ballot box and a jury trial, this fall, as pot-supplying cooperatives in three Northern California cities remain open in the face of a four-month-old court order to shut down. The three face contempt of court charges and pro-marijuana activists are eager to see whether any jury will convict their leaders. The issue has only become more complicated with the city of Oakland's move to immunize officers of the local Cannabis Buyers Club by declaring them city officials. Meanwhile, regardless of how the courts or the fall election affect medical marijuana, cities like San Francisco insist they will continue trying to put pot in the hands of AIDS patients, epileptics and others whose conditions are eased by the narcotic. "It won't be an easy task to find an way to do this legally," says San Francisco District Attorney Terrence Hallinan. "But it's necessary." Adds his city's mayor, Willie Brown, "We'd be remiss if we didn't do anything. At least 10,000 people in this city need the marijuana and they've been left without a legal source since the only buyers co-op in the city was closed by the court order." Besides trying to immunize the local pot distributors, Oakland's city government also took action the other day to allow patients to grow their own marijuana. Councilmen passed an ordinance allowing patients acting on a doctor's recommendation to possess 1.5 pounds of the weed at any one time, and also to grow as many as 144 plants at a time, with 38 of them in the flowering phase when their potency is highest. Even pro-medical marijuana activists say that is about three times more than any patient should need, and it is three times the standard state Attorney General Dan Lungren set last year for legal possession by a patient. Possessing marijuana for medical reasons has been legal in California has been legal in California since Proposition 215 passed by a wide margin in 1996. But federal laws make distribution and use illegal and both Lungren and Gov. Pete Wilson have fought efforts to set up government-run distribution networks. Both insist medical marijuana is nothing more than a backdoor way to full legalization for the narcotic. Lungren is now the Republican candidate for governor and his former top deputy, David Stirling, is the GOP candidate to succeed him as attorney general. "The net effect is that we are now in legal never- never land," says Scott Imler, co-author of Proposition 215 and director of the Los Angeles Cannabis Buyers' Club, not covered by the May court order. "I'm now very disappointed we did not include distribution in the proposition. That was a political decision so that the clubs would not become a campaign issue." It also means the November election will largely decide the fate of medical marijuana. "Electing Lungren and Stirling would mean four more years of chaos, because they are adamant about not allowing any sort of distribution," Imler said. "If they're elected, the only solution would be for the federal government to declare this a prescription drug - and they haven't shown any great eagerness to do it." Meanwhile, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Gray Davis takes a noncommittal stance on medical pot, saying he's open to legalizing distribution to patients if academic studies show a true need. And state Sen. Bill Lockyer, the Democratic nominee for attorney general, never blocked passage of medical marijuana bills during his years as the Senate's president. Fellow state Sen. John Vasconcellos, a Democrat who has fought for years to legalize medical use of the weed, agrees the future of medical marijuana likely hinges on the election outcome. "We're going to present Wilson with a bill this fall to set up legal distribution," said his top aide. "But we have no illusions that he will sign it. He vetoed two medical marijuana bills before Proposition 215 passed and he wants to run for president. He'll veto this one, too." Meanwhile, six clubs still distribute marijuana to patients, with all but Imler's operating in Northern California cities. "We just don't think it's against the law to save lives and make lives more palatable," says the president of the Ukiah club, one of the three facing contempt charges. "We're confident we can win before a jury." But the real decision, as so often in this state, will be made by the voters in November. Their choices for governor and attorney general will tell, among other things, whether they were really serious or merely acting on a passing whim when they voted for Proposition 215. *** Elias is the author of the new book, "The Burzynski Breakthrough: The Century's Most Promising Cancer Treatment and the Government's Campaign to Squelch It." His e-mail address is email@example.com
------------------------------------------------------------------- County Seeks To Shut Down 'Drug' Fest ('The Herald-Bulletin' In Anderson, Indiana, Says A Letter From The Madison County Prosecutor's Office Has Threatened Criminal Charges And Forfeiture Action Against The Hosts Of This Year's Hoosier Harvest Fest, A Rally Dedicated To The Decriminalization Of Marijuana, To Be Held September 25-27 At Pine Lakes Campground In Pendleton) Date: Tue, 22 Sep 1998 21:36:43 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US IN: County Seeks to Shut Down "Drug" Fest Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Olafur Brentmar Source: Herald-Bulletin, Anderson, Indiana Pubdate: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 Author: Keri McGrath, staff reporter, email: firstname.lastname@example.org COUNTY SEEKS TO SHUT DOWN "DRUG" FEST Host Of Criminal Charges Threatened If Hoosier Harvest Fest Goes On As Planned... PENDLETON - In a letter, Indianapolis attorney Stephen Dillon calls "absolute bull," the Madison County prosecutor's office has taken a decisive move to repress this year's Hoosier Harvest Fest. The Hoosier Harvet Fest, to be held Sept. 25-27 at Pine Lakes Campground here, is a rally dedicated to the decriminalization of marijuana. In a letter dated Aug. 27 and sent to the event organizers and property holders of the Pine Lakes Campground, Deputy Prosectuor David Puckett called the festival a "location for the unrestricted sale of illegal narcotics" based on police reports and accounts from undercover police officers. "That's bull," said Dillon, a recipient of the letter who spoke at last year's event. "It's a music and arts festival where the First Amendment is exercised. People gain knowledge through rallies like this. It's a shame to have law enforcement in there with a prohibitionist attitude trying to stop the free exchange of ideas." The letter closed by outlining possible legal action that could be taken against the organizers and property owners --- asset forfeiture and prosecution for accessory liability for the sale of illegal narcotics and maintaining a common nuisance. If prosecutors decide to pursue forfeiture, the Winters family, which owns Pine Lakes, could lose its campgrounds. "We would have to look at the reasonability of executing forfeiture, but yes, that certainly is an option," said Rodney Cummings, Madison County prosecutor. "If we find (Harvet Fest) is a blatant opportunity to profit off of illegal drugs, then we will seriously look into forgeiture." The Wintereses were on vacation Tuesday night and could not be reached for comment. "They are just trying to scare Paul (Guthrie, event organizer) and the Winterses (owners of Pine Lakes) into not having it," said Dillon. Cummings said the purpose of the letter was not to threaten but to let property owners and event organizers know that the Harvest Fest is a concern of the law enforcement agencies in Madison County. "We want to put them on notice, give them a fair opportunity," Cummings said. "It's pretty hard for me to ignore it when they opnely advertise the celebration of an illegal substance." Paul Guthrie, organizer of the Hoosier Harvet Fest, refused to comment on the letter Tuesday until further advised by his legal counsel.
------------------------------------------------------------------- House Votes To Oppose Medical Marijuana Use ('The San Francisco Examiner' Notes The US House Of Representatives Voted 310-93 Tuesday For House Resolution 117, Sponsored By Republican Bill McCollum Of Florida In Response To 1996 Ballot Initiatives Approved In California And Arizona That Allow Physicians To Prescribe Marijuana To Treat Symptoms Of Illnesses) Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.examiner.com/ Pubdate: 16 Sept. 1998 Author: Judy Holland, EXAMINER WASHINGTON BUREAU HOUSE VOTES TO OPPOSE MEDICAL MARIJUANA USE WASHINGTON - The House has overwhelmingly approved a resolution declaring its unequivocal opposition to legalizing marijuana for medicinal use on grounds that it is dangerous and addictive. The 310-93 vote for the resolution - sponsored by Rep. Bill McCollum, R-Fla. - is a response to 1996 ballot initiatives approved in California and Arizona that allow physicians to prescribe marijuana to treat symptoms of illnesses. Similar initiatives are expected to be on the November ballot in Alaska, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon and Washington, and possibly the District of Columbia. McCollum, who chairs the House Judiciary Committee's crime panel, said Tuesday that state efforts to circumvent federal anti-drug laws are "a backdoor way of legalizing marijuana." "A tragic drug crisis is enveloping our youth," McCollum said, adding that marijuana use among young people ages 12 to 17 rose 120 percent from 1992 to 1997. McCollum said, "Doctors and scientists with the greatest expertise have determined that marijuana is not a medicine." He said regularly smoking pot can be dangerous for people who are HIV-positive because it weakens the body's natural immunities and can accelerate the onset of AIDS. But Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Los Angeles, said the resolution was a slap at his state. He said supporters of the measure "think we should just say no to sick and dying patients because it looks like we're getting tough on drugs." Some physicians and advocacy groups contend that marijuana, when smoked, relieves symptoms of glaucoma; helps slow the wasting condition associated with AIDS; relieves nausea and vomiting of cancer patients; improves appetites in patients too sick to eat; and eases neurological disorders. Scientists, however, are divided over the medicinal value of marijuana and are continuing to study it. The Food and Drug Administration has rejected marijuana for medicinal use. The National Academy of Sciences is expected to issue a report this winter on whether marijuana should be used as medicine. Because the resolution is nonbinding, it serves only as a recommendation and does not have the force of law. A vote is pending in the Senate. 1998 San Francisco Examiner Page A 10
------------------------------------------------------------------- House Joint Resolution 117 Watered Down (A Bulletin From California NORML With The Text Of The Anti-Medical Marijuana Resolution Approved Yesterday Notes The Language Is Less Extreme Than That Contained In Its Forerunner, House Resolution 372) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 13:13:47 -0700 To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Dale Gieringer) Subject: DPFCA: HJRes 117 Watered Down Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ The final text of HJRes 117 was greatly watered down from its original version. Press releases cited the original title: "Expressing the sense of Congress that marijuana is a dangerous and addictive drug and should not be legalized for medicinal use." However, this inflammatory wording doesn't appear in the version that was actually passed (according to the listing at thomas.loc.gov). Instead, the latter says simply, "Expressing the sense of the Congress in support of the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other Schedule I drugs." Most of the other highly obnoxious language in the original version was dropped, too. This appears to have been a clever ploy aimed at picking up moderate votes (We'll have a tough time gettiing Senators Boxer and Feinstein to oppose it). On the other hand, it also marks a substantial rhetorical retreat. Here's the final wording: *** HJ Res 117 (McCollum) *** Bill 1 of 2 There is 1 other version of this bill. GPO's PDF References to this bill Link to the version of in the Congressional Bill Summary & Full Display - this bill Record Status file. 4,764 bytes. *** Expressing the sense of the Congress in support of the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other Schedule I drugs,... (Engrossed in House ) 105th CONGRESS 2d Session H. J. RES. 117 JOINT RESOLUTION Expressing the sense of the Congress in support of the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other Schedule I drugs, for medicinal use. HJ 117 EH 105th CONGRESS 2d Session H. J. RES. 117 *** JOINT RESOLUTION Expressing the sense of the Congress in support of the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other Schedule I drugs, for medicinal use. Whereas certain drugs are listed on Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act if they have a high potential for abuse, lack any currently accepted medical use in treatment, and are unsafe, even under medical supervision; Whereas the consequences of illegal use of Schedule I drugs are well documented, particularly with regard to physical health, highway safety, and criminal activity; Whereas pursuant to section 401 of the Controlled Substances Act, it is illegal to manufacture, distribute, or dispense marijuana, heroin, LSD, and more than 100 other Schedule I drugs; Whereas pursuant to section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, before any drug can be approved as a medication in the United States, it must meet extensive scientific and medical standards established by the Food and Drug Administration to ensure it is safe and effective; Whereas marijuana and other Schedule I drugs have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat any disease or condition; Whereas the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act already prohibits the sale of any unapproved drug, including marijuana, that has not been proven safe and effective for medical purposes and grants the Food and Drug Administration the authority to enforce this prohibition through seizure and other civil action, as well as through criminal penalties; Whereas marijuana use by children in grades 8 through 12 declined steadily from 1980 to 1992, but, from 1992 to 1996, has dramatically increased by 253 percent among 8th graders, 151 percent among 10th graders, and 84 percent among 12th graders, and the average age of first-time use of marijuana is now younger than it has ever been; Whereas according to the 1997 survey by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 500,000 8th graders began using marijuana in the 6th and 7th grades; Whereas according to that same 1997 survey, youths between the ages of 12 and 17 who use marijuana are 85 times more likely to use cocaine than those who abstain from marijuana, and 60 percent of adolescents who use marijuana before the age of 15 will later use cocaine; and Whereas the rate of illegal drug use among youth is linked to their perceptions of the health and safety risks of those drugs, and the ambiguous cultural messages about marijuana use are contributing to a growing acceptance of marijuana use among children and teenagers: Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That-- (1) Congress continues to support the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs and opposes efforts to circumvent this process by legalizing marijuana, and other Schedule I drugs, for medicinal use without valid scientific evidence and the approval of the Food and Drug Administration; and (2) not later than 90 days after the date of the adoption of this resolution-- (A) the Attorney General shall submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on-- (i) the total quantity of marijuana eradicated in the United States during the period from 1992 through 1997; and (ii) the annual number of arrests and prosecutions for Federal marijuana offenses during the period described in clause (i); and (B) the Commissioner of Foods and Drugs shall submit to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate a report on the specific efforts underway to enforce sections 304 and 505 of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act with respect to marijuana and other Schedule I drugs. Passed the House of Representatives September 15, 1998. *** Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // firstname.lastname@example.org 2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114
------------------------------------------------------------------- Find Out How Your Representative Voted On House Joint Resolution 117 (A List Subscriber Posts The URL) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 07:19:12 -0400 To: DRCNet Medical Marijuana Forum (email@example.com) From: Richard Lake (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: Find out how your representative voted on H.J. Res. 117 Reply-To: email@example.com Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Find out how your representative voted on H.J. Res. 117. at this link! http://clerkweb.house.gov/cgi-bin/vote.exe?year=1998&rollnumber=435 *** Newshawk: email@example.com (Frank S. World) Pubdate: Tue, 15 Sep 1998 Source: Associated Press Author: Cassandra Burrell, Associated Press Writer HOUSE RULES MARIJUANA DANGEROUS WASHINGTON (AP) Marijuana is a dangerous and addictive drug and should not be legalized for medical use, the House said in a resolution passed 310-93 Tuesday. [snipped to avoid duplication - follow link to orignal article. - ed.] *** Forwarded by: Richard Lake Senior Editor; MAPnews, MAPnews-Digest and DrugNews-Digest email: rlake@MAPinc.org http://www.DrugSense.org/drugnews/ For subscription information see: http://www.MAPinc.org/lists/ Quick sign up for DrugNews-Digest, Focus Alerts or Newsletter: http://www.DrugSense.org/hurry.htm *** The FACTS are at: http://www.drugsense.org/factbook/ *** "DRUG CRAZY: How We Got Into This Mess and How We can Get Out," is a gripping and dramatic review of the drug war over the last 100 years. It is being published by Random House. More at: http://www.drugsense.org/crazy.htm *** We also sponsor an interactive chat room for activists. Point your web browser to: http://www.mapinc.org/chat/ and join the discussion. The chat starts at about 9:00 p.m on Saturday and Sunday night Eastern time. Folks drop in and leave as their time allows over about a three hour period.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Re - Find Out How Your Representative Voted On House Joint Resolution 117 (A List Subscriber Says Oregon Representatives Furse, Blumenauer, And DeFazio Voted 'No,' While Smith And Hooley Voted 'Yes') From: "Rick Bayer" (firstname.lastname@example.org) To: "Rick Bayer" (email@example.com) Subject: FW: Find out how your representative voted on H.J. Res. 117 Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 09:17:44 -0700 Someone can double check but what I saw from Oregon was Representatives Furse, Blumenauer, and De Fazio voting NO with Smith and Hooley voting YES. I guess we "won" 3-2 here in Oregon but I am disappointed with Ms. Hooley's choice. I think we all anticipated Representative Smith (Republican from Eastern Oregon) voting yes. Rick > -----Original Message----- > From: firstname.lastname@example.org [mailto:email@example.com] On > Behalf Of Richard Lake > Sent: Wednesday, September 16, 1998 4:19 AM > To: DRCTalk Reformers' Forum > Subject: Find out how your representative voted on H.J. Res. 117 > > Find out how your representative voted on H.J. Res. 117. at this link! > > http://clerkweb.house.gov/cgi-bin/vote.exe?year=1998&rollnumber=435 > > Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org (Frank S. World) > Pubdate: Tue, 15 Sep 1998 > Source: Associated Press > Author: Cassandra Burrell, Associated Press Writer > > HOUSE RULES MARIJUANA DANGEROUS > > WASHINGTON (AP) Marijuana is a dangerous and addictive drug and should > not be legalized for medical use, the House said in a resolution > passed 310-93 Tuesday.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Vote Of California Delegation On House Joint Resolution 117 (A California NORML Tally Finds The State's Congressional Representatives Voted 26 To 23 To Oppose The Anti-Medical Marijuana Resolution) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 10:32:27 -0700 To: email@example.com, R1obert@aol.com, firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Dale Gieringer) Subject: DPFCA: Cal Vote on HR 117 Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/ VOTE OF CALIFORNIA DELEGATION ON H.J. RES 117 - Republican Anti-Medical-Marijuana Resolution Bucking the national trend, the California delegation voted 26-23 AGAINST HJ Res 117, Rep. McCollum's resolution against medical marijuana. The resolution passed on a rollcall vote of 310-93. The vote mostly went along party lines, with Republicans for, and Democrats against the resolution. Congressman Waxman spoke forcefully against the resolution, while "libertarian" Republican Chris Cox defended it (saying that it simply endorsed established FDA approval procedures). Suprise votes: Dana Rohrabacher joined Tom Campbell as one of the two California Republicans against the bill (Dana used to be a "head," but has generally voted a prohibitionist line since coming to Congress). In a disappointment, Brian Bilbray, one of the Republican co-sponsors of Barney Frank's bill, voted for HJ Res 117 (Bilbray is in a tight race, and probably wanted to appear on the good side of party leaders). In another surprise, liberal Democrat Robert Matsui joined blue-dog Central Valley Demos Gary Condit and Cal Dooley in voting for HJ Res 117. Disappointingly, freshman Democrat Lois Capps also voted for HJ Res 117. FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 435 H J RES 117 2/3 YEA-AND-NAY 15-SEP-1998 QUESTION: On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended BILL TITLE: Expressing the Sense of Congress that Marijuana is a Dangerous and Addictive Drug and Should not be Legalized for Medicinal Use YEAS NAYS Not Voting REPUBLICAN 207 6 14 DEMOCRATIC 103 86 17 INDEPENDENT 1 TOTALS 310 93 31 VOTE OF THE CALIFORNIA DELEGATION --- YEAS 23 --- Packard Pombo Hunter Calvert Thomas McKeon Bilbray Radanovich Herger Bono Rogan Horn Capps (D) Kim Condit (D) Cox Cunningham Lewis Dooley (D) Doolittle Dreier Matsui (D) Gallegly -- NAYS 26 --- Becerra Berman Pelosi Brown Campbell (R) Rohrabacher (R) Lantos Roybal-Allard Lee Lofgren Sanchez Sherman Martinez Stark Dixon Tauscher Eshoo Millender-McDonald Farr Miller Torres Fazio Filner Waters Waxman Woolsey --- NOT VOTING 3 --- Riggs Royce Harman *** Dale Gieringer (415) 563-5858 // firstname.lastname@example.org 2215-R Market St. #278, San Francisco CA 94114 *** Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 17:35:22 GMT To: AMR/updates.list From: Dave Fratello (email@example.com) Subject: House Res. agst. medical marijuana passes 310-93 House Res. agst. medical marijuana passes 310-93 It's not hard to believe this didn't lead the news... Also yesterday, the House passed a resolution recognizing Mark McGwire's home run hitting prowess -- so it was a busy day, aside from all the talk of impeachment and videotaped testimony... - dave fratello
------------------------------------------------------------------- Reefer Madness or Federalism? Congress and States Head for Showdown over Medical Marijuana Cultivation (An analysis of House Joint Resolution 117 from the web site of Californians for Compassionate Use, associated with Dennis Peron.) Californians for Compassionate Use http://www.marijuana.org/ San Francisco, CA Lake County Farm, Lower Lake, CA (707) 994-1901 Fax: (707) 994-2165 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org For Immediate Release: September 16th, 1998 "Reefer Madness or Federalism?" Congress & States Head for Showdown over Medical Marijuana Cultivation Vote slams state initiatives in favor of "existing federal legal process"-- Calls for FDA report on rescheduling medical marijuana within 90 days By a vote of 310 to 93 this past Tuesday Congress passed House Joint Resolution 117 declaring the medical use of marijuana to be a matter of national policy and vowing to support federal legal process over state medical marijuana initiatives. The Resolution called for a report within 90 days from the Commissioner of Foods & Drugs on the specific efforts underway to approve marijuana as a medication in the United States. HJR 117 is a compromise which started with Bill McCollum (R-FL) drafting: "Congress is unequivocally opposed to legalizing marijuana for medical use, and urges the defeat of State initiative's that would seek to legalize marijuana for medicinal use." Barney Frank (D-MA) sponsored a rival Resolution, H.R. 1782 that "Moves marijuana from Schedule I to Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act" and would remove federal restrictions from the path of states that go further. In the end they settled on a watered down, massively amended version of the McCollum Resolution "Expressing the sense of the Congress in support of the existing Federal legal process for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other Schedule I drugs." "Past the doubletalk the real question is can seriously ill Americans grow their own marijuana or are they going to have to buy it from drug dealers or corporations?" Explains Dennis Peron, author of Proposition 215 in California. "This resolution is an insult to the voters in Washington, Nevada and Oregon, who are holding an election in six weeks to decide if patients should be allowed grow their own medical marijuana with their doctor's approval, just like in California? And why should dying people be forced to buy medicine from a pharmacy for big bucks that they could produce better in their back yard for free?" "Both Congress and the Court have shown a willingness to view certain kinds of crimes or disorder on a large scale, as threats to commerce in and of themselves. Evidently, it is this jurisdiction that gives Federal law enforcement the power to enforce the Federal drug laws." -- Dianne Feinstein regarding Proposition 215, August 19,1998
------------------------------------------------------------------- The Good, The Bad, And The Useless (A List Subscriber Forwards The Roll Call Tally Of Who All Voted How On House Joint Resolution 117) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 15:14:17 EDT From: A H Clements (email@example.com) To: Multiple recipients of list (firstname.lastname@example.org) Subject: fwd: HJR 117 Congressional Vote (THE GOOD, THE BAD & THE USELESS) [forwarded from the Compassionate Care list via Mike Steindel] Subject: THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE USELESS BILL TITLE: Expressing the Sense of Congress that Marijuana is a Dangerous and Addictive Drug and Should not be Legalized for Medicinal Use REPUBLICAN 207-Y 6-N 14-NV DEMOCRATIC 103-Y 86-N 17-NV INDEPENDENT 1-N TOTALS 310-Y 93-N 31-NV --- YEAS 310 Abercrombie Ganske Norwood Aderholt Gekas Nussle Andrews Gephardt Ortiz Archer Gibbons Oxley Armey Gilchrest Packard Bachus Gillmor Pallone Baesler Gilman Pappas Baker Goode Parker Baldacci Goodlatte Pascrell Barcia Goodling Pastor Barr Gordon Paxon Barrett (NE) Graham Pease Barrett (WI) Granger Peterson (MN) Bartlett Green Peterson (PA) Barton Greenwood Petri Bass Gutknecht Pickering Bateman Hall (OH) Pickett Bentsen Hall (TX) Pitts Bereuter Hamilton Pombo Berry Hansen Pomeroy Bilbray Hastert Portman Bilirakis Hastings (WA) Price(NC) Bishop Hayworth Quinn Blagojevich Hefley Radanovich Bliley Herger Ramstad Blunt Hill Redmond Boehlert Hilleary Regula Boehner Hinojosa Reyes Bonilla Hobson Riley Bono Hoekstra Rodriguez Borski Holden Roemer Boswell Hooley Rogan Boyd Horn Rogers Brady (PA) Hostettler Ros- Lehtinen Brady (TX) Houghton Rothman Brown (OH) Hoyer Roukema Bryant Hulshof Ryun Bunning Hunter Salmon BurrInglis Sandlin BurtonIstook Sanford Buyer Jefferson Sawyer Callahan Jenkins Scarborough Calvert John Schaefer, Dan Camp Johnson (WI) Schaffer, Bob Canady Jones Sensenbrenner Cannon Kanjorski Sessions Capps Kaptur Shadegg Cardin Kasich Shaw Castle Kelly Shays Chabot Kennelly Shimkus Chambliss Kildee Shuster Chenoweth Kim Sisisky Christensen Kind (WI) Skeen Clement King (NY) Skelton Clyburn Kingston Slaughter Coble Kleczka Smith (MI) Coburn Klink Smith (NJ) Collins Klug Smith (OR) Combest Knollenberg Smith (TX) Condit Kolbe Smith, Adam Cook Kucinich Snowbarger Cooksey LaFalce Snyder Costello LaHood Solomon Cox Lampson Souder Cramer Largent Spence Crane Latham Spratt Crapo LaTourette Stabenow Cubin Lazio Stearns Cummings Leach Stenholm Cunningham Levin Strickland Danner Lewis (CA) Stump Davis (FL) Lewis (KY) Stupak Davis (VA) Linder Sununu Deal Lipinski Talent DeLay Livingston Tanner Deutsch LoBiondo Taylor (MS) Diaz- Balart Lowey Taylor (NC) Dicks Lucas Thomas Dooley Maloney (CT) Thompson Doolittle Maloney(NY) Thornberry Doyle Manzullo Thune Dreier Mascara Thurman Duncan Matsui Tiahrt Dunn McCarthy (NY) Traficant Edwards McCollum Turner Ehlers McCrery Upton Emerson McHale Visclosky English McHugh Walsh Ensign McInnis Wamp Etheridge McIntosh Watkins Evans McKeon Watts (OK) Everett McNulty Weldon (FL) Ewing Menendez Weldon (PA) Fattah Metcalf Weller Fawell Mica Weygand Foley Miller (FL) White Forbes Mollohan Whitfield Fossella Moran (KS) Wicker Fowler Murtha Wilson Fox Myrick Wolf Franks (NJ) Nethercutt Young (AK) Frelinghuysen Neumann Young (FL) Frost Ney Gallegly Northup --- NAYS 93 Ackerman Hilliard Olver Allen Hinchey Paul Becerra Jackson (IL) Payne Berman Jackson- Lee (TX) Pelosi Blumenauer Johnson (CT) Porter Bonior Johnson, E. B. Rahall Brown (CA) Kennedy (MA) Rangel Brown (FL) Kennedy(RI) Rivers Campbell Kilpatrick Rohrabacher Carson Lantos Roybal- Allard Clay Lee Rush Conyers Lofgren Sabo Coyne Luther Sanchez Davis(IL) Markey Sanders DeFazio Martinez Scott DeGette McCarthy(MO) Serrano Delahunt McDermott Sherman DeLauro McGovern Skaggs Dingell McKinney Stark Dixon Meehan Stokes Doggett Meek(FL) Tauscher Eshoo Millender- McDonald Tierney Farr Miller(CA) Torres Fazio Minge Vento Filner Mink Waters Ford Moakley Watt (NC) Frank(MA) Moran(VA) Waxman Furse Morella Wexler Gejdenson Neal Wise Gutierrez Oberstar Woolsey Hastings (FL) Obey Yates --- NOT VOTING 31 Ballenger Hyde Riggs Boucher Johnson, Sam Royce Clayton Lewis(GA) Saxton Dickey Manton Schumer Ehrlich McDade Smith, Linda Engel McIntyre Tauzin Gonzalez Meeks(NY) Towns Goss Nadler Velazquez Harman Owens Wynn Hefner Poshard Hutchinson Pryce (OH) *** Ashley H Clements 1416 Brookvalley Lane Atlanta, GA 30324 email@example.com (404) 636-6426 www.november.org www.mapinc.org
------------------------------------------------------------------- Admiral James M. Loy, USCG, On The Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act (The Text Of Congressional Testimony On Behalf Of The US Coast Guard Suggests The Admiral Would Like All The New Money Included In The Legislation And More, But Spent More Wisely, And The Mission Of Reducing The 'Flow Of Drugs Into The United States 80 Percent By The End Of 2001 Is Overly Optimistic And Is Not Achievable') Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 08:58:12 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: Admiral James M. Loy, USCG, On The Western Hemisphere Drug Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: firstname.lastname@example.org Source: Congressional Testmony Pubdate: 16 Sep 1998 Website: http://www.senate.gov/~foreign/loy.htm STATEMENT OF ADMIRAL JAMES M. LOY, USCG, ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE DRUG ELIMINATION ACT Good morning, Mr. Chairman Grassley, Chairman Coverdell, and distinguished Committee and Caucus members. It is a pleasure to appear before you today to comment on Coast Guard drug interdiction and the proposed Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act. I applaud the Act's goal of strengthening our Nation's counterdrug effort. This legislation recognizes that the security of our maritime borders is a critical component of a balanced national strategy to reduce drug use and its destructive consequences. The National Drug Control Strategy's supply reduction target looks to reduce drug availability in the United States 25 percent by 2002, and 50 percent by 2007 as compared to a 1996 base year. The Coast Guard has developed a comprehensive maritime interdiction strategy, Campaign STEEL WEB, designed to meet the Coast Guard's portion of these national goals. This Coast Guard strategy is supportedby a 5-year drug control budget that is submitted to the Office of Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) annually as required by law. Fully implementing this strategy will require that adequate resources be provided over the next several years. This Coast Guard strategy is supported by a 5-year drug control budget that is submitted to the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) annually as required by law. The Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act includes many policy initiativesand budgetauthorities that could be used to increase counterdrug performance. In many instances, the Act does address valid Coast Guard requirements and identifies the types of capabilities required to implement STEEL WEB. However, I do have serious concerns with the legislation as currently drafted. While this bill authorizes funding This bill's authorization levels for increased Coast Guard counterdrug operations in fiscal years 1999, 2000, and 2001, first2001 are inconsistent with the President's budget. First and foremost the Coast Guard must be able to maintain current services for all mission areas in fiscal year 1999 as requested by the President. As a 3-year authorization, this legislation could result in outyear funding risks. Without adequate outyear funding, I will not be able to operate additional assets or to sustain the operational increases for assets now in the Coast Guard inventory. I am also concerned, from a personnel management perspective, about the potential for a relatively large increase in work force strength that may only be authorized for 3 years. I am also concerned about the executability cost effectiveness of some items specified in the Act. For example, any decision to build new cutters should be made in the context of the Deepwater Capability Replacement Project, which is currently in the planning phase. Through the Deepwater process, we will determine the most cost-effective new construction of cutters would require long lead-time and significant personnel increases.way to meet future Coast Guard mission requirements beyond 50 miles from shore. It may be the case, for example, that converting retired Navy vessels is more sensible than building new cutters. Additionally, the goal to reduce the flow of drugs into the United States 80 percent by the end of 2001 is overly optimistic and is not achievable. Finally, we face significant source and Transit Zone interdiction challenges. The Act does not include some key resources proposed in the President's 1999 Budget that would be necessary to meet these challenges. For example, the Act does not address increased intelligence collection and support or the deployable logistics required to support expeditionary pulse operations, capabilities that are critical to interdiction success and can reduce the need for expensive, single-mission assets. The task of maintaining a comprehensive overview of activity and sorting targets of interest from legitimate air and surface traffic is daunting. Equally difficult is the logistical challenge of supporting our forces in such an expansive theater of operations, particularly in the Eastern Pacific. As previously stated, Campaign STEEL WEB is the Coast Guard's multiyear plan to position the requisite interdiction forces where they best counter the ever-evolving drug trafficking threats. The strategic concept is to deny drug smugglers access to maritime routes by a sequence of operations in which interdiction forces are concentrated in high-threat areas of the Caribbean and Eastern Pacific to significantly disrupt drug traffic. Coast Guard operations in these high threat areas complement and support Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) East and JIATF West operations. Once a credible law enforcement presence is established, interdiction forces will be redeployed to other high-threat areas, leaving an enhanced presence to deter and interdict subsequent smuggling. Ultimately, successful pulse operations in each high-threat area will systematically reduce drug flow through the Transit Zone. This concept was successfully demonstrated during the Coast Guard's Operation FRONTIER SHIELD. In addition, STEEL WEB is focused on strengthening ties with source and transit zone nations to increase their capacities to reduce internal production and trafficking, and supports interagency efforts to combat drug smuggling. Continued success of Campaign STEEL WEB requires resource investments and the flexibility to employ resources where they can have the most impact. The Coast Guard received a $34.3 million increase in budget authority for fiscal year 1998, an investment in the long-term campaign to satisfy obligations under the National Drug Control Strategy. Fiscal year 1998 drug funding has allowed the Coast Guard to institutionalize FRONTIER SHIELD, and continue Operations GULF SHIELD and BORDER SHIELD to anchor the flanks of the Southwest Border. The fiscal year 1999 budget request includes operating expenses and capital investments necessary to maintain the current law enforcement presence in the transit and arrival zones. As long as more than 400 metric tons of cocaine are moving through the Transit Zone each year, the value of, and necessity for, agile interdiction forces is undeniable. The Coast Guard shields America's sea frontiers from a broad spectrum of threats and challenges, with the scourge of drugs being perhaps the most visible right now. The need for effective control of America's seaward borders, territorial sea, and Exclusive Economic Zone extends well beyond the drug threat and will become even more essential in the first decades of the 21st century. Future threats to U.S. security interests will be even more varied than they are today. The dangers we face are unprecedented in their complexity. Terrorism, drugs, illegal migrants, organized crime, and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction are global concerns that transcend national borders, and environmental damage and rapid population growth undermine economic prosperity and political stability in many countries. Since these challenges to America's maritime security are not strictly military in nature, they underscore the importance, relevance, and vitality of the Coast Guard's law enforcement role - a core competency developed during more than 200 years of service to America - and a core competency that addresses more than drug interdiction. The multimission Coast Guard has traditionally provided a high rate of return to the public. In fiscal year 1997, overall interdiction efforts resulted in a record year for Coast Guard drug seizures. The Coast Guard seized (or assisted in the seizure of) 103,617 pounds of cocaine and 102,538 pounds of marijuana products. Cocaine seizures easily surpassed the previous record set in 1991 -- 90,335 pounds. Through effective interdiction efforts last year, the Coast Guard kept more than 468 million cocaine "hits" and 100 million marijuana "joints" off our streets, preventing those drugs from poisoning schools and destroying homes. The estimated street value of these seizures is more than $4.2 billion -- $1 billion more than the Coast Guard's entire 1997 discretionary budget. In order to meet future drug interdiction obligations, the Coast Guard will need the full support of Congress for its budget requests. As Commandant, however, I have a responsibility to effectively perform the Coast Guard's many other mission requirements, such as protection of fisheries stocks and the marine environment. To do this, the Coast Guard must at least be funded at current services level through annual appropriations.receive the funding levels requested by the President for these programs. As we approach the 21st century, many of our existing assets are nearing the end of their service lives. Loss of capability and increased operational costs concern us greatly, as the threats we must counter are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and capable. In short, our ability to remain Semper Paratus - Always Ready - to carry out our many missions is a major Coast Guard concern. We are taking the necessary steps through our Roles and Missions Review and Deepwater Capability Analysis to address these concerns. We must be ready to meet tomorrow's challenges. In closing, I would like to recognize your leadership and commitment to strengthening the national counterdrug effort. As America moves into the next century, the Coast Guard stands ready to meet our responsibilities in this important effort. Thank you for the opportunity to discuss Coast Guard drug interdiction concerns. I will be happy to answer any questions you may have.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Barry R. McCaffrey On the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act (The Text Of The Testimony Presented By The White House Drug Czar To The Senate Foreign Relations Committee And The Senate Caucus On International Narcotics Control) Date: Sat, 26 Sep 1998 08:58:22 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: US: Barry R. McCaffrey On the Western Hemisphere Drug Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: email@example.com Pubdate: 16 Sep 1998 Source: Congressional Testimony Website: http://www.senate.gov/~foreign/mcc.htm Testimony of BARRY R. MCCAFFREY, Director, Office of National Drug Control Policy, Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control, On the WESTERN HEMISPHERE DRUG ELIMINATION ACT, September 16, 1998 Introduction Chairmen Coverdell and Grassley, Caucus and Committee members, thank you for the opportunity to testify on U.S. drug interdiction efforts. All of us at the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) appreciate your longstanding support and interest in all aspects of drug control policy, as well as the guidance and leadership of the Caucus and the Committee. We all appreciate this opportunity to share our views of the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act. As you know, goals 4 (Shield America's air, land and sea frontiers from the drug threat) and five (Break drug sources of supply) of the ten-year 1998 National Drug Control Strategy focus on reducing the availability of illegal drugs within the United States. The Strategy's mid-term goal is to reduce illegal drug availability by 25 percent by the year 2002; our long-term goal is to reduce availability by 50 percent by the year 2007. In March, we submitted to you a detailed set of Performance Measures of Effectiveness. The nucleus of the system consists of twelve targets that define specific results to be achieved under the Strategy's five goals. Eighty-two supporting performance measures delineate mid-term and long-term outcomes for the Strategy's thirty-two supporting objectives. Our basic aim is to reduce drug use and availability by 50 percent in the next ten years. These measures of effectiveness were developed in full consultation with all federal drug-control program agencies. The Strategy's mid-term Goal 4 objective is to reduce by 10 percent the rate at which illegal drugs successfully enter the United States by the year 2002. The long-term objective is a 20 percent reduction in this rate by the year 2007. The Strategy's mid-term (5-year) objective for goal 5 is a 15 percent reduction in the flow of illegal drugs from source countries; the long-term (10-year) objective is a 30 percent reduction. ONDCP also submitted for the Congress' consideration the first-ever five year federal drug control budget. It is our view that the Strategy, the Performance Measures of Effectiveness, and the Budget Summary outline a credible program for reducing drug use and its consequences and drug availability. An Update on Cocaine-Control Efforts in the Western Hemisphere Potential cocaine production declined significantly in 1997. Our source country strategy has achieved greatest success in Peru, contributing to a disruption of the Peruvian cocaine economy. Peruvian coca cultivation declined by 27 percent last year, and is down 40 percent in the last two years. Bolivia has achieved modest decreases in coca cultivation and potential cocaine production over the last two years. However, these gains have been partially offset by surging coca cultivation in Colombia. Colombia now has more hectares of coca under cultivation than any other country. The area under cultivation has increased by 56 percent in the past two years. Nonetheless, total Andean cultivation declined seven percent and estimates of total potential cocaine production declined by 15 percent -- from 760 to 650 metric tons in 1997. This is the lowest figure this decade. An analysis of the situation in each of the three South American cocaine producing countries follows: Bolivia. Bolivia eradicated 3,934 hectares in the first six months of 1998, compared to 2,858 for the same period in 1997. This promising outcome underscores the Banzer administration's resolve to confront the coca trade. Earlier this year, President Banzer released a national strategy entitled Con Dignidad that establishes the objective of eliminating illicit coca cultivation within five years. The Government of Bolivia estimated in their anti-drug strategy that the total financing requirement to meet their objective of completely withdrawing from the coca-cocaine circuit between 1998 and 2002 would require 952 million dollars to support alternative development, eradication, prevention and rehabilitation. Thirty-five thousand Bolivian families currently depend on the illegal cocaine trade for their livelihood. It is unlikely that the international community will provide Bolivia the support its government believes is required to attain this ambitious objective. Colombia. As a result of surging coca cultivation, Colombia now grows more hectares of coca than Peru or Bolivia. Colombia also continues to be the world's leading producer of cocaine HCl, processing much of Peru's coca base. It will be difficult to achieve a decrease in cocaine production in Colombia in the short term. The current conditions (weak government, security forces not in control of substantial areas of the country, increasingly stronger guerrilla and paramilitary forces, weak legitimate economy, broken judicial system, and official corruption) are conducive to drug trafficking and will take time to reverse. The new Pastrana administration has stated its commitment to tackling these issues, but it would not be realistic to expect a complete turn around in a short period of time. ONDCP believes that we will see continued expansion of coca cultivation, especially in areas outside of the Colombian Government's effective control. The aggressive aerial eradication campaign being conducted by the Colombian National Police with the help from the U.S. State Department will only slow this expansion. Colombian trafficking organizations appear to be determined to offset declines in Bolivian and Peruvian coca production with increased domestic production. The recent national narco-guerrilla offensive and the resulting significant military defeats suggest that Colombian security forces will not be able to conduct effective anti-drug operations in regions where guerrilla forces are dominant and control the ground. Peru. Through June, Peru's manual eradication program had met 75 percent of its 1998 target of 4,800 hectares. The overall impact on production has been limited because efforts have focused on semi-abandoned fields in national forests. Peruvian Drug Czar Marino Costa Bauer stated in June that record-low coca leaf prices combined with continuing eradication efforts would result in the virtual elimination of illicit coca cultivation in Peru within five years. However, it would seem unlikely that coca leaf prices will remain low if demand in consumer nations exceeds the available supply. 1997 saw significant cocaine seizures in the transit zone. Drugs coming to the United States from South America pass through a six-million square-mile area that is roughly the size of the continental United States. This transit zone includes the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, the Gulf of Mexico, and the eastern Pacific Ocean. Event-based estimates suggest that perhaps 430 metric tons of cocaine passed through the transit zone in 1997, and 85 metric tons were seized there; 60 percent more than in 1996. 1997 was the third consecutive year of increased transit-zone seizures. Coast Guard supported cocaine seizures in 1997 totaled 47 metric tons. U.S. interdiction operations in the Caribbean focused on Puerto Rico with good results. Thirteen metric tons of cocaine were seized in the Puerto Rico area. Interdiction operations contributed to a reduction in the flow of cocaine to the island, forcing traffickers to divert shipments to the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Drug-related crime in Puerto Rico plunged by 37 percent. 1998 cocaine seizures are on a par with 1997's levels. An estimated 127 metric tons of cocaine were seized worldwide (excluding U.S. internal seizures) during the first six months of this year. This amount is slightly less than the corresponding 1997 figure of 131 metric tons. Transit zone seizures were about 45 metric tons compared to 43 metric tons during the same time in 1997. Seizures in Central America totaled 19 metric tons, nearly double the ten metric tons seized during the same period in 1997. Mexican seizures of 15 metric tons are below last year's corresponding figure of 24 metric tons. Seizures in the Caribbean totaled about 14 metric tons, up from 9 metric tons for the same period in 1997. Within the arrival zone, U.S. law enforcement agencies have seized 36 metric tons, compared with 24 tons during the same time in 1997. Trafficking trends: January - June 1998. Peru continues to export most of its coca base to Colombia for processing into cocaine HCl and subsequent smuggling to consumer nations. Traffickers are exploiting the plentiful waterways in northern Peru to move cocaine base. They are also prepared to revert to the use of aircraft as the primary means of transportation should we let up on the successful airbridge denial campaign. The movement of cocaine HCl from processing locations to international departure points within Colombia is mostly undetected. An estimated 232 metric tons were smuggled out of South America destined for the United States: Mexico/Central America corridor. Fifty-two percent (121 metric tons) of the cocaine destined for the United States is estimated to have been routed along this corridor. Fifty-four metric tons were seized along this corridor, 34 in the transit zone and 20 in the arrival zone. Sixty-seven metric tons were estimated to have entered the United States via this corridor. Caribbean corridor. Thirty-two percent (74 metric tons) is estimated to have passed through the Caribbean. Fourteen metric tons were seized along this corridor, 11 in the transit zone and 3 in the arrival zone. Sixty metric tons were estimated to have entered the United States via this corridor. Direct Transportation. Sixteen percent (37 metric tons) is estimated to have proceeded directly from South America to the United States. Thirteen metric tons were seized in the arrival zone. Twenty-four metric tons were estimated to have entered the United States via this corridor. In summary, an estimated 232 metric tons of cocaine departed South America in the first six months of this year. Forty-five metric tons were seized in the transit zone, while 36 were seized in the arrival zone. An estimated 153 metric tons were smuggled into the United States during this period. One third of the cocaine destined for the United States was interdicted in either the transit or the arrival zones. This interdiction performance is consistent with that of previous years, but it is not good enough. We need to do better. Smuggling techniques continue to change in response to interdiction efforts. Traffickers continue to move cocaine via a wide variety of modes and conveyances and to adapt their methods and routes to avoid detection and apprehension. Mexico/Central America corridor. Containerized commercial cargo is a common method for smuggling cocaine into the Duty Free Zone in Colon, Panama. Cocaine is transported in smaller quantities in both commercial and private vehicles along the Pan-American Highway in Central America to reduce the risk of detection. Cocaine is also introduced throughout Central America via maritime commerce. Seizure data along the U.S. - Mexico border suggests that cocaine is evenly distributed between commercial cargo and private cars. Caribbean corridor. Traffickers mostly use non-commercial aircraft and non-commercial maritime vessels to smuggle cocaine into Caribbean islands. Haiti has become a more prominent transshipment point despite our efforts to develop capable law enforcement agencies. "Go-fast" boats travel with virtual impunity between Colombia and Haiti. Airdrops off the southern Haitian coast are common. Cocaine passing through Haiti either is smuggled directly to the United States and Western Europe or is routed through the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, or Puerto Rico. Traffickers also use small aircraft and go-fast boats to deliver cocaine to Puerto Rico. There are reports that traffickers track U.S. Coast Guard movements and select the time and location of deliveries to avoid interdiction. Recent interdiction operations illustrate how traffickers are operating. On July 9th, the USS John L. Hall (FFG 32) intercepted two go-fast boats off the coast of Panama and seized 2,000 pounds of cocaine. On July 24th, the Coast Guard Cutter Gallatin conducted a consensual boarding of the coastal freighter Apemagu and discovered numerous suspicious items. The Apemagu was escorted to Guantanamo Bay where a detailed search found 1500 pounds of cocaine. On August 4th, a Coast Guard aircraft from Air Station Miami tracked a 42-foot go-fast boat with three 200HP outboard engines as it rounded the eastern corner of Cuba and proceeded through Cuban territorial seas toward Long Island, Bahamas. Two helicopters from Operation Bahamas Turks and Caicos detected the boat near Long Island and dropped off law enforcement agents who seized the vessel, a vehicle that linked up with it, 1600 pounds of marijuana and an undetermined amount of cocaine. On August 14th, the USS John L. Hall detected and intercepted a 35-foot speedboat off the coast of Panama and recovered forty-one bales of cocaine jettisoned by the speedboat's crew. Also on August 14th, the Coast Guard Cutter Valiant located and boarded a suspected drug smuggling boat (the Isamar) off the coast of Haiti, detecting numerous indicators of drug smuggling. Valiant's boarding team requested and received permission to remain onboard the Isamar until it docked in the Miami River. A joint Coast Guard, Customs, DEA, and FBI team boarded the vessel in the Miami River and found 5,100 pounds of cocaine. Direct Transportation. Commercial cargo (both air and maritime) and air passengers (human mules) are frequently used to smuggle cocaine and heroin from South America to the United States. Traffickers route mules through third countries (e.g. Argentina and Chile) to minimize U.S. Customs' attention and avoid fitting "profiles." Cargo containers and agricultural shipments are commonly used to conceal cocaine in commercial vessels. Interdiction and Deterrence studies. In the Classified Annex of the 1997 National Drug Control Strategy, ONDCP tasked the USIC to conduct an Interdiction Study to determine what resources are required to attain the Strategy's interdiction goals. In response, USIC and the interagency have assessed requirements in both the source and transit zones to accomplish goals specified in Presidential Decision Directive 14, the National Drug Control Strategy, and the USIC Interdiction Guidance for 1998 which identifies Southeastern Colombia as the center of gravity for the cocaine industry. ONDCP, Customs, and the Coast Guard are conducting a study of the deterrence value of interdiction operations in the source, transit and arrival zones. Our intent is to develop models to assist commanders as they decide where and when to employ interdiction assets. The need for improved capabilities in the arrival zone. We face considerable drug-control challenges along our air, land, and sea frontiers. The Administration has made considerable strides strengthening enforcement along the Southwest border and the Southern tier which represents a significant drug-control challenge along the nation's air, sea and land borders. From 1993 to 1997, the Administration increased funding by over 40 percent for the Coast Guard, Customs and Immigration and Naturalization Service to support border enforcement activities along the Southern tier. This funding translated into more than 2,400 additional Customs and INS inspectors, 2,800 new Border Patrol agents and force-multiplying enforcement technology such as x-rays and border sensors and cameras. Despite the great strides this Administration has made to strengthen our border, we estimate that only 20 percent of the cocaine crossing the border is seized. Analysis of the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act The focus that members of Congress and their professional staff have devoted to this Bill reflects our shared commitment to ensuring our supply-reduction programs are effective. The Bill contains many useful ideas and budgetary initiatives. However, we have serious concerns with certain aspects of the Bill, including: The legislation's primary goal of reducing the flow of illegal drugs into the United States by not less than 80 percent by December 31, 2001 is completely unrealistic. It is unlikely that the amount of cocaine departing South America for the U.S. market will decline appreciably before December 2001. Given that historically combined interdiction rates for cocaine in the transit and arrival zones have averaged about 33 percent, it is unlikely that this figure can be changed so dramatically in the next three and a half years. Consequently, reducing the flow of cocaine by 80 percent is not feasible. Furthermore, much of the equipment the legislation would authorize would not be fielded for several years and could not be deployed in time to work towards this objective. It is impossible to develop over the next four years political, criminal justice, and law enforcement institutions that are capable of standing up to the pressures exerted by drug trafficking international criminal organizations in all major source and transit countries. Absent such essential partners, the United States cannot unilaterally achieve this success rate. Legislating this goal would place an empty slogan instead of realistic strategy in front of the American people. Interdiction success is not the main determinant of illegal drug consumption. The reason that 50 percent of high school seniors smoke marijuana before graduation is not because foreign drugs are flooding the United States. Societal acceptance of illegal drug use, low risk perception, peer example, and drug availability -- much of it from domestic sources -- are all contributing factors. Marijuana usage accounts for about 90 percent of all juvenile illegal drug use. We are responding to this problem appropriately with the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, by addressing shortcomings in the Safe and Drug-free Schools program, by supporting community anti-drug coalitions, and by expanding treatment availability. In the end, we will solve the drug problem in America principally by decreasing demand for a drugged lifestyle. Supply reduction is also crucial, but only by taking a multi-pronged and balanced approach to the nation's drug problem can we hope to succeed. The specific legislative enhancements proposed by this Bill are not tied to a coherent strategy. The Bill fails to develop an overarching concept. It is neither linked to the existing drug threat nor tied to a clear strategic vision or operational concept. Instead, it mandates a series of tactical resource allocation decisions. The drug-control budgets, which the Executive Branch has submitted for congressional consideration, are tied to the goals, objectives, and performance measures elaborated in the ten-year National Drug Control Strategy. In sum, this Bill is micro-management of drug tactics based on a shallow analysis of the problem and our available tools. The legislation lacks flexibility. The Bill would impose inflexible requirements. Its provisions are too specific. For example: "2 Schweizer observation/spray aircraft (to be piloted by pilots under contract with the United States)." "Acquisition of concertina wire and tunneling detection systems at the La Picota prison of the National Police of Colombia." "Forward deployment of 5 riverine operations maintenance platforms." "Establishment of a third drug interdiction site at Puerto Maldonado, Peru." "2 mobile x-ray machines ...for placement along the Chapare highway." The locations of such machines should not be specified by statute but left to the discretion of commanders on the ground. "...operation and maintenance of 1 J-31 observation aircraft." Wisely, the Congress never thought to tell General Norman Schwarzkopf where to deploy his armored forces during operation Desert Storm or when and how to attack. It would be inappropriate for the Congress to interfere in decisions that are properly those of duly appointed leaders, law enforcement officials, U.S. diplomatic personnel, unified commanders, the Secretary of State, and other responsible officials within the Executive Branch. This legislative approach would be bad government. The Bill proposes authorizations that are far in excess of expected appropriations and the President's budget without specifying where these funds will come from. The Bill would authorize $2.6 billion in appropriations in addition to those already authorized for fiscal years 1999-2001. To date, Congress has not appropriated funds for many of the Administration's pending anti-drug abuse requests. The legislation infringes on the authority of the President and the Secretary of State. The bill infringes on the President's appointment powers and the Secretary of State's flexibility in personnel matters and intrudes upon well-established procedures for providing foreign military assistance. Transferring the Bureau of International narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs from the State Department to the Drug Enforcement Administration is a bad idea. The underlying assumption is that certain foreign assistance activities of the Sate Department could be better carried out by a law enforcement agency. This assumption is neither substantiated nor soundly based. Consolidation of all joint interagency task forces (JIATF) would reduce effectiveness. We are streamlining the existing interdiction command and control structure and have reviewed the National Interdiction Command and Control Plan. Planning is underway to consolidate JIATF East (based in Key West) and South (based at Howard Air Force base, Panama) as it becomes more likely that all U.S. military forces will be withdrawn from the Republic of Panama next year. Closure of JIATF West (based in Alameda, California would disrupt DoD support to law enforcement agencies involved in heroin control efforts in Asia and cocaine interdiction efforts in the eastern Pacific. Closure of the El Paso based Joint Task Force 6 would also disrupt military support of drug-control operations along the Southwest border. ONDCP has presented specific recommendations regarding accountability and coordination of drug-control efforts along the Southwest border to the President's Drug Policy Council. Conclusion We share the Congress' view that drug availability in the United States can and must be substantially reduced. All of us at ONDCP appreciate your support of our balanced National Drug Control Strategy and major initiatives associated with it such as the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, the Drug-Free Communities Act, and the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area program. However, the goals proposed by the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act are unrealistic. This is a "ready, fire, aim" approach. The ten-year Strategy developed in consultation with the Congress contains realistic goals. It proposes reducing drug availability in the United States by 25 percent by 2002, and by 50 percent by 2007 (1996 is the base year for comparative purposes). ONDCP believes that the Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act should not contain tactical-level directives to those who have legal responsibility, experience, and training for deciding where, when, how, and why to employ equipment and personnel to accomplish the goals of the United States Government. ONDCP respects the role of Congress to provide oversight. We understand that Congress must examine specific aspects of the administration's drug-control efforts anywhere in the world. Please be assured that we also view this Bill as representing a clear communication of congressional concern with international aspects of drug-control policy and U.S. hemispheric efforts. ONDCP will evaluate such congressional thinking respectfully and use your ideas to adjust our own actions. The Administration has submitted a FY 1999 drug control budget that includes 1.8 billion dollars for interdiction efforts -- an increase of more than 36 percent since FY 1996. Proposed operating expense funding for the Coast Guard is 19 percent higher than in FY 1996. The 526 million dollars requested for DoD support of interdiction is 27 percent increase over FY 96 spending. We would welcome the opportunity to explain in greater detail how each agency is organizing its programs to attain the objectives established in the National Drug Control Strategy and to debate the sufficiency of funding for any aspect of our supply-reduction campaigns.
------------------------------------------------------------------- US Links Top Mexican Agents To Traffickers ('The New York Times' Says That After US Government Experts Traveled To Mexico Late Last Month To Administer Routine Lie-Detector Tests, The US Now Thinks Most Of The Top Investigators Of An Elite Mexican Police Unit That Was Trained By Americans May Have Ties To Drug Traffickers - 'You Have To Assume That Everything We've Been Giving Them Has Ended Up In The Hands Of The Traffickers,' Said A Senior US Law-Enforcement Official - 'It's A Disaster') Date: Thu, 17 Sep 1998 05:21:52 -0700 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (MAPNews) To: email@example.com Subject: MN: US: US Links Top Mexican Agents To Traffickers Sender: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply-To: email@example.com Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W.Black Source: New York Times (NY) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.nytimes.com/ Pubdate: 16 Sep 1998 Author: Tim Golden, The New York Times Law Enforcement: * Elite unit trained by U.S. experts has had a spotty record prosecuting drug smugglers. WASHINGTON - Most of the top investigators of an elite Mexican police unit that was trained by Americans may have ties to drug traffickers,U.S. officials say. The disclosure threatens to undermine an ambitious effort to overhaul the deeply corrupt law enforcement system of Mexico. U.S. government experts traveled to Mexico late last month to administer routine lie-detector tests to dozens of police agents. Now officials say some investigators who failed had been chosen for their posts after elaborate U.S. designed screening. U.S. officials said they were just beginning to assess the damage that corrupt investigators might have wrought, a task that could take months. Most senior officials in the unit were implicated by the lie-detector tests. But already, officials are saying that much of the sensitive information that U.S. law-enforcement agents shared with Mexican counterparts over the past year may have been compromised. "You have to assume that everything we've been giving them has ended up in the hands of the traffickers," said a senior U.S. law-enforcement official who, as did others, insisted on anonymity. "It's a disaster." Mexican officials are expected to undertake their own inquiry into the case, which involves a force called the Organized Crime Unit, set up 18 months ago. Some Mexican officials have challenged the lie-detector tests, U.S. officials said. The penetration of the unit, apparently by powerful drug gangs, is the latest in a series of such calamities. For 10 years, as successive administrations in Washington have sought to work more closely with the Mexican authorities, U.S. officials have publicly embraced senior Mexican prosecutors, police commanders and other officials who have later been revealed to have taken bribes from major drug smugglers. In the most serious case, the Mexican government announced last year that its drug-enforcement chief was in fact working secretly with the man then considered the biggest cocaine trafficker in the country, Amado Carrillo. Days earlier the official, Gen. Jesus Gutierrez, had been basking in the praise of the Clinton administration's drug-policy director, Gen. Barry McCaffrey. McCaffrey and other administration officials vowed that such a debacle would not occur again. They pressed for a sweeping reorganization of how the United States gathers and disseminates intelligence about trafficking. The reorganization plans have run into wide opposition among Mexican law-enforcement officials. But more important for Mexico, U.S. law-enforcement officials also provide extensive help in writing a new law against organized crime, in setting up an investigative unit to enforce the law and in screening hundreds of police agents assigned to drug enforcement. Prospective members of the Organized Crime Unit were submitted to extensive background and financial checks, lie-detector tests and psychological evaluations. Nearly all those chosen also received training from the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Administration or both. But after a year and a half, during which the team of 70 investigators, prosecutors and intelligence analysts has been responsible for investigating many of the most important drug-trafficking and kidnapping cases, its record is mixed. Mexican and U.S. officials praise the unit for what they say was its leading role in the arrests of a handful of important smugglers and the dismantling of a kidnapping ring that terrorized central Mexico while receiving protection from state official. In particular, Samuel Gonzalez Ruiz, 38, a former university professor who heads the unit, has won wide respect from U.S. officials for what they say is honesty and courage. Gonzalez Ruiz was one of three top unit officials who were said to have passed the lie detector tests. Increasingly, though, U.S. officials have grown critical of the unit for failing to capture leaders of the biggest trafficking gangs, despite having access to some of the most sensitive intelligence that Washington has ever given the Mexican government.
------------------------------------------------------------------- Colombia's Way To Halt Drugs And War At Once ('The Christian Science Monitor' Explains Why Colombia's US-Financed Coca-Eradication And Crop-Substitution Programs Have Increased The Total Area Of Coca Production Every Year Since 1992, From 91,000 Acres To About 200,000 Acres) Date: Thu, 17 Sep 1998 21:50:16 -0700 From: email@example.com (MAPNews) To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: MN: Columbia: Colombia's Way To Halt Drugs And War At Once Sender: email@example.com Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Paul Lewin Source: Christian Science Monitor Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.csmonitor.com/ Pubdate: Wed, 16 Sept 1998 Author: Howard LaFranchi COLOMBIA'S WAY TO HALT DRUGS AND WAR AT ONCE Legal jobs would cut incentives to grow drugs - and profits to finance guerrillas. Standing in a pasture of browning grass, Victor Manuel Vanegas coos to a herd of skinny cows before recounting the day in May when the narcotics police dropped their calling card: a potent herbicide sprayed on his fields. ``It had to be a mistake, I've never planted coca on my land, never,'' says the graying campesino (peasant) who's been farming in this hotbed of narcotics production and guerrilla activity in southern Colombia for three decades. But the spread of narcotics production to areas like Guaviare is a symptom of a failure to develop forms of legitimate and sustaining production for campesinos with no love for coca or heroin poppies -but with a will to survive. A failure to address the development needs of marginalized regions like Guaviare is at the root of both the guerrilla war and rising drug production, many observers say. And so, until the former is addressed, both of the latter are likely to continue. ``Now I've got a bad rice field, some sick cows, and dying pastureland,'' Mr. Vanegas says, crumpling up a handful of grass like autumn leaves. ``It's a mistake I'm having to live with.'' Experiences like Vanegas's throughout the coca and heroin-poppy- growing regions of Colombia hint at both the limited successes and overlying failure of Colombia's drug-crop eradication program. Some peasants like Vanegas may stay away from coca, the plant whose leaves make cocaine, for fear of spraying or trouble with the law. But, overall, the total area of coca production has climbed sharply every year since 1992, from 91,000 to about 200,000 acres today. The eradication program began in 1985 and has expanded steadily since then with heavy backing from the US. But now it is coming under tough scrutiny as Colombia - spurred by new President Andres Pastrana -moves toward serious negotiations to end a three-decade-old civil war. Narcotics production is intimately intertwined with Colombia's long guerrilla war because it is a principal source of income for the war's combatants: the guerrillas, paramilitary groups, and - peasants here insist - some sectors of the Army. ``Drug trafficking is the fuel that keeps this conflict burning,'' says Augusto Ramirez Ocampo, a former Colombian foreign minister and member of the National Peace Commission. ``Peace negotiations will have to be based on a development plan,'' Mr. Ramirez says, ``and that plan will have to include real alternatives to narcotics cultivation.'' But not a plan based on crop spraying. ``That hasn't worked,'' he says, pointing out that, after the spraying of more than a half-million acres over the last 13 years, total illegal-crop acreage (including coca, marijuana, and heroin poppies) has risen from 20,000 in 1985 to about 250,000 today. Some of the increase in Colombia has followed important decreases in planting in Peru and Bolivia, according to US officials. Yet US policy on spraying seems to acknowledge the limitations of its effectiveness: While the US maintains that spraying large plantation-style fields is effective, the usefulness of spraying small plots intermixed with other crops is considered questionable. Along the dirt highways and in the lush, tropical forest that surrounds San Jose del Guaviare, everyone encountered by a recent visitor had felt the impact of the region's narcotics activity -either by direct involvement in the coca-production process, or through some effect of the government's efforts against illegal crops. A taxi driver, a paramilitary soldier collecting ``taxes'' from cars passing his outpost, and a poor campesino returning to his isolated farm on horseback - these are just three examples. And, even though what was simply called here the ``bonanza'' of coca production a decade ago is over, all three agree illegal crops will continue to grow until other income sources are developed. Leonardo the deliveryman *** The taxi driver is ``Leonardo'' (none of the three wanted his real name used for fear of reprisal). He moved to San Jose from a more distant settlement two years ago after his 75-acre farm, part of it planted with coca, was sprayed with defoliants. ``Before that happened I employed as many as 30 campesinos at a time,'' he says. ``After the spraying, the young workers either joined the guerrillas or the paramilitaries as a way to make money. But I sold the farm and moved here. I consider myself a war refugee.'' But the move did not extricate Leonardo from the drug business. ``I couldn't support a family just on taxi fares,'' he says, ``so I went into the delivery business.'' What he delivers are all the products that coca producers need to turn their lush green leaves into coca paste - cement, gasoline, ammonia, and other chemicals. He replaced his taxi's conventional 20-gallon tank with a 40-gallon tank that passes both military and paramilitary checkpoints undetected. Leonardo sees his activity as simple necessity. But he worries that the spraying campaign, while it has recently reduced total drug-crop acreage in Gauviare, ends up making guerrillas of the young campesinos put out of work. That's not exactly what happened with ``Ruben.'' Manning a paramilitary roadblock just two miles up a dirt highway from a similar Army checkpoint, the young former farmer says he joined Guaviare's ``self-defense forces'' after the farm he cut out of the jungle was sprayed two years ago: ``I had 3.5 hectares [about 8.5 acres] of coca, but it was right with the yucca and plantains and corn, so everything was hit.'' Now Ruben makes about $350 a month - an enviable wage for San Jose -as a paramilitary soldier and tax collector. The driver of a jeep loaded with cement bags and fertilizers slows to a stop and pays him 20,000 pesos ($12) without batting an eye. Ruben the paramilitary *** ``We do go out on night missions to fight the guerrillas,'' Ruben says casually, ``but I'd put down my weapons tomorrow if the guerrillas did the same - and if I had some other work to do.'' Having other work to do is all it would take to get most campesinos to give up planting illegal crops, they say. ``I can't get anything I grow to market, no roads come near my farm,'' says ``Salvador,'' taking a rest during his long horseback ride back to his land. ``But with the coca I grow, there's always someone to come to me to buy it.'' Salvador the coca planter *** Salvador has only three of his 170 acres in coca, but he says that's the only part of his farm that brings him income. ``I'm not tied to that plot of coca,'' he says, ``but you've got to have some money coming in to live on.'' Still, the attractiveness of growing coca is reduced by rising costs, he says. The $500 in profit his coca field brought him three years ago is now only about $250. Surprisingly, but like many other campesinos here, Salvador thinks the US involvement in Colombia is necessary - both to stop the very narcotics production he's involved in, and to help bring peace. ``But it should be an assistance that really does some good, like help developing new crops that we can sell or building roads so we can get our produce to market,'' he says. ``This cursed spraying isn't going to do it.'' Copyright 1998 Christian Science Monitor.
------------------------------------------------------------------- DrugSense Weekly, Number 64 (Special Back To School Issue - Feature Article - Who Is Starting College This Fall? By Nora Callahan Of The November Coalition; Child Dealer Downs Coke During Raid; Baby Was Used To Conceal Smuggled Drugs; Two-Thirds Of Teens Try Drugs; One Youth In 20 Has Tried Heroin - School Survey; Rise Seen In Lake Teens' Use Of Marijuana; In Schools Drug Testing Policy Ruled Unconstitutional; Marines Who Shot Teen Lacked Adequate Training, Report; LA Cops Accuse A Colleague; Iowa's Forfeiture Law Takes The Profit Out Of Crime; Drug Pipe Report Spurs City Probe; Drug Seizure Laws Ripe For Abuse; Mike Gray Featured Guest Live Online Saturday - Legalize-USA Web Page Hosts; DrugSense Tip Of The Week - Marsha Rosenbaum Op-Ed In 'San Francisco Chronicle' - A Mothers Advice About Drugs; Special Focus Alert - 'Mademoiselle' Magazine, Circulation 1.2 Million, Discusses Medical Marijuana; Quote Of The Week; Fact Of The Week) Date: Wed, 16 Sep 1998 11:50:51 -0700 To: firstname.lastname@example.org From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org) Subject: DrugSense Weekly, September 16, 1998 No. 64 *** DRUGSENSE WEEKLY - SPECIAL BACK TO SCHOOL ISSUE - HOW THE "War on Drugs" IS DEVASTATING OUR CHILDREN AND THEIR FUTURE! EDITOR'S NOTE: As many of our nations youth will soon be returning to school, we thought an issue which concentrates upon our next generation to be timely. Please consider sharing a copy of this issue with a parent who may not have considered the dangers the drug war poses to their children. *** In about 10 minutes a week you can stay aware and informed on drug policy developments worldwide. Consider investing another 10 minutes to write a letter to the editor using the email addresses provided in this publication. You CAN make a difference! *** DrugSense Weekly, September 16, 1998 No. 64 A DrugSense publication http://www.drugsense.org/ *** TABLE OF CONTENTS: * Feature Article Who Is Starting College This Fall? by Nora Callahan - The November Coalition *Weekly News In Review National News- OUR NATIONS CHILDREN Child Dealer Downs Coke During Raid Baby Was Used To Conceal Smuggled Drugs Two-Thirds Of Teens Try Drugs One Youth In 20 Has Tried Heroin, School Survey Rise Seen In Lake Teens' Use Of Marijuana In Schools Drug Testing Policy Ruled Unconstitutional Marines Who Shot Teen Lacked Adequate Training, Report CORRUPTION L.A. Cops Accuse a Colleague Iowa's Forfeiture Law Takes The Profit Out Of Crime Drug Pipe Report Spurs City Probe Drug Seizure Laws Ripe for Abuse * Hot Off The 'Net Mike Gray Featured Guest Live Online Saturday - Legalize-USA Web Page Hosts * DrugSense Tip Of The Week Marsha Rosenbaum TLC-West OPED in SF Chronicle A Mothers Advice about Drugs. * Special FOCUS Alert Mademoiselle Magazine (Circulation 1.2 Million) Discusses Med MJ * Quote of the Week Molly Ivins / Upton Sinclair * Fact of the Week Marijuana Relatively Harmless *** FEATURE ARTICLE *** Who Is Starting College This Fall? by Nora Callahan - The November Coalition We get an abundance of "off-topic" email at our office. The "delete" key comes in handy, but now and then an off topic post has value. This autumn I will speaking to students at colleges around the country. Who are the young adults who are starting college this fall across the nation? Most were born in 1980. They have no meaningful recollection of the Reagan era. They were pubescent when the Persian Gulf War was waged. Their lifetime has always included AIDS. Atari predates them and the expression "you sound like a broken record" means nothing. They may have heard of an 8-track, but haven't listened to one. The digital Disc was introduced when they were 1 year old. As far as they know, stamps have always cost about 32 cents. They have always had an answering machine. Most have never seen a TV set with only 13 channels. They were born the year that the Walkman was introduced by Sony and have no idea when or why Jordache jeans were cool. They never took a swim and thought about Jaws. They don't know who Mork was or where he was from. They find nothing strange about Gorbachev doing pizza commercials and most of their parents were still in diapers when the Beatles were on the charts. I read this feeling more enlightened about the audience I would be addressing in the coming months. I took this further and realized that there were other things that reveal who the people starting college this year are. They don't know that a "urine test" used to be a physician's diagnostic procedure. They can't remember early evening television without Fox Network's COPS, replete with video of police agents battering down a door and bleeps that filled in the words that begin with, "Get down on the floor, M***** F******!" They don't realize that 20 years ago, the only job opening for a German Shepard was as a guard or guide dog; that a "buy and bust" meant you spent too much money at the grocery store, and a "no knock" was a neighbor that could enter your house with a verbal greeting. They have not been taught that a "DARE" is something they shouldn't take, and a "tattle tale" is someone nobody wants to be. Nora Callahan The November Coalition http://www.november.org/ *** WEEKLY NEWS IN REVIEW *** COMMENT: Let's *Really* Protect Our Children We constantly hear politicians chest thumping about how we must spend more on the drug war in order "to protect our children." Some of the negative fallout that influences our nation's children is demonstrated in the articles below. The truth of the matter is that the drug war itself has caused unconscionable devastation on our children and it is escalating at an alarming pace. Negative consequences range from increased drug use resulting from an out-of-control black market to a steady erosion of civil rights and individual liberty, from parental incarceration and even to increasing numbers of our youth being murdered, all as a direct result of the "War on Drugs." There is little one can imagine that would be more beneficial to the children of the world than implementing sensible drug policies that actually bring about some measure of control. *** CHILD DEALER DOWNS COKE DURING RAID A 10-year-old Honduran boy who swallowed 28 rocks of cocaine during a Vancouver police sweep of Hastings Street is recovering in Children's Hospital. Police took the child to hospital after they saw him furiously swallowing the drugs during the raid, Staff-Sgt. Doug MacKay-Dunn said yesterday. The boy spit up eight of the rocks on the way to hospital. Twenty more were later pumped from his stomach. ``The kid could have died,'' said MacKay-Dunn. ``There's no way the officers could have prevented him from swallowing.'' Police are no longer allowed to use choke-holds to prevent dealers from swallowing evidence. Another 14-year-old Honduran youth also working as a ``runner'' at Hastings and Abbott streets was turned over to the ministry of children and families. He was placed in a group home where he is being counselled by a youth worker. [continues: 27 lines] Source: Province, The (Vancouver, B.C.) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.vancouverprovince.com/newsite/news-c.html Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 News A4 Author: Adrienne Tanner, Staff Reporter URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n792.a09.html *** BABY WAS USED TO CONCEAL SMUGGLED DRUGS RAYMOND, Maine -- A 6-month-old baby who had cocaine in her bloodstream was used by her stepfather to conceal drugs that were smuggled from Lowell, Mass., police said. Richard Davison, 41, of Raymond, was arrested by drug agents after they learned from the Maine Department of Human Services that the baby had tested positive for cocaine. The Maine Drug Enforcement Agency seized $8,000 in cocaine and $1,000 cash from his home Monday. Davison remained yesterday in the Cumberland County Jail, where he is being held on charges of drug trafficking, furnishing cocaine to a child and endangering the welfare of a child. The convicted drug dealer and admitted addict told agents he cared for the baby during the summer until giving her to the DHS in mid-August, prior to a brief stint in jail, according to affidavits. [snip] Source: Standard-Times (MA) Contact: YourView@S-T.com Website: http://www.s-t.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 05 September, 1998 Author: The Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n777.a11.html *** COMMENT: If this is "protecting our children" then we are failing 66% of the time. TWO-THIRDS OF TEENS TRY DRUGS Two-thirds of teenagers have tried illegal drugs and around a third are recreational drug users. The finding comes as the result of a five-year study of teenagers' drug habits and offers the first solid evidence of a culture shift towards recreational drug use in the UK. The study also found that teenagers were using drugs intelligently and made rational decisions to guide their drug-taking. Research fellows from the department of Social Policy and Social Work at Manchester University followed the progress of 500 youths from the age of 14 until they were 18. Ordinary Youths The report authors say these were ordinary adolescents who led conventional lives and are now in work or at university. By the time the subjects were 18, 64% had tried illicit drugs while around three in 10 were recreational drug users. [snip] Pubdate: Thu, 10 Sep 1998 Source: BBC Online Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/ URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n794.a06.html *** ONE YOUTH IN 20 HAS TRIED HEROIN, SCHOOL SURVEY FINDS Heroin experimentation appears to be on the rise among NSW teenagers, with a schools survey revealing that one in 20 male youths had tried the drug, a tenfold increase on an earlier national study. The 1996 secondary schools survey of 12- to 17-year-olds, released yesterday by the State Government, also shows that girls are now almost as likely as boys to try cannabis, previously considered more of a problem among young men. Drug experts said the best comparable data was the 1995 National Drug Household Survey, where 44 per cent of male 14- to 19-year-olds had tried cannabis, compared to 24 per cent of females. The NSW schools survey shows that 39 per cent of boys and 31 per cent of girls had tried cannabis but males were twice as likely to report recent use than females. The information manager for the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Mr Paul Dillon, said the two-year-old figures were "pretty useless" because drug use changed constantly but the survey suggested that drug education should start earlier in schools. The Minister for Health, Dr Refshauge, said yesterday there had been a 10 per cent increase in cannabis-dependent patients suffering drug-induced psychosis between 1993 and 1997. He committed $75,000 for new treatment programs for young people due to the possible link between cannabis use and mental illness. Pubdate: Fri, 11 Sep 1998 Source: Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.smh.com.au/ Author: Linda Doherty URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n794.a07.html *** RISE SEEN IN LAKE TEENS' USE OF MARIJUANA Although a survey of Lake County teens showed that alcohol and tobacco use has declined in the last six years among high school juniors, the study released Friday found that marijuana use has risen among 6th, 8th and 11th graders. Similar findings on marijuana use among teens appeared in a national government survey last month, prompting Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala to say that the rise was partly due to attitudes among students and parents that it is a low-risk, "soft" drug. "Because they grew up at a time when marijuana was around, this generation of parents has ambiguous feelings about it," said Peter Mulhall, a researcher with the Center for Prevention Research and Development at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who conducted the Lake County survey. The center did the study for the Lake County Fighting Back Coalition, a federally funded umbrella organization that advises and trains prevention groups in the county. [snip] Source: Chicago Tribune (IL) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/ Pubdate: Sat, 12 Sept 1998 Author: Nancy Ryan URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n796.a09.html *** COURT RULES SCHOOL'S DRUG POLICY IS ILLEGAL Appellate judges say Anderson district's testing program violates the U.S. Constitution ANDERSON, Ind. -- The 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Wednesday that Anderson Community Schools' drug-testing policy is unconstitutional. The decision came five months to the day after Indiana Civil Liberties Union attorney Ken Falk argued against the expulsion of Anderson High School freshman James R. "Buddy" Willis II before the appeals court in Chicago. Buddy, 15, was suspended for five days Dec. 10 for fighting with another student. Under a drug-testing policy adopted in August 1997, he was directed to take a drug test when he returned to school Dec. 19. He repeatedly refused the test and eventually was barred from school for the rest of the 1997-98 school year, while Falk and school attorneys battled over the constitutionality of the drug-test policy. [snip] Source: Indianapolis Star (IN) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.starnews.com Pubdate: Thursday, Sept. 10 1998 Fax: 317-656-1435 Author: John M. Flora, Star/News Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n790.a04.html *** MARINES WHO SHOT TEEN LACKED ADEQUATE TRAINING, REPORT SAYS EL PASO - A military report that cleared the Marines involved in the fatal shooting of a West Texas teenager of any crime also said that they were not adequately trained for an anti-drug operation that placed them among civilians. The internal report also said commanders did not do enough to prevent escalation of the Marines' encounter last year with Esequiel Hernandez Jr. The mission "appears to have been viewed at every level of Marine Corps command as more of a training opportunity than a real world deployment. The failure to appreciate the difference had tragic consequences," wrote retired Marine Maj. Gen. John T. Coyne, who investigated the shooting. Parts of the report had been released earlier this summer. The report specifically said brief training on the appropriate use of force did not balance combat responses drilled into Marines. [snip] URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n790.a07.html Source: Dallas Morning News (TX) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dallasnews.com/ Pubdate: Thu, 10 Sep 1998 Author: Associated Press URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n790.a07.html *** RELATED ARTICLE Subj: US TX: Marine Training Faulted In Fatal Border Shooting From: John W.Black Date: Thu, 10 Sep 1998 19:41:14 -0700 Size: 66 lines 2809 bytes File: v98.n790.a09 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n790.a09.html Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: 10 Sep 1998 Author: Eduardo Montes, The Associated Press *** CORRUPTION COMMENT: Not only are our children being endangered by existing drug policies but their future rights to a safe and free society are being sabotaged by the corrosive effects of our failed current attempt at prohibition. The thought of widespread police corruption was unthinkable just a few decades ago. Now it is commonplace. The attraction of easy drug money is even too strong a lure for those who are sworn to "protect and serve." To add insult to injury we are building ten new prisons for every new university. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out where a very high percentage of our children are going to wind up. And it isn't Notre Dame! *** L.A. COPS ACCUSE A COLLEAGUE Officer charged: An alleged drug theft rocks a police force that, whatever other controversy dogged it, long held itself all but immune to graft. LOS ANGELES -- As a police officer in the LAPD's busiest precinct, near downtown Los Angeles, Rafael Antonio Perez was responsible for investigating gang crimes and testifying against suspects in court. Last month, it was Perez who entered the courtroom in handcuffs and a blue county jail jump suit to hear charges against him: stealing three kilograms (about 6 1/2 pounds) of cocaine from an evidence locker at the Los Angeles Police Department. Perez, 31, a nine-year employee who was arrested by his fellow officers Aug. 25, pleaded not guilty to charges of drug possession, grand theft and forgery. The felony complaint against Perez contends he checked out, and never returned, the cocaine from the property room March 2 by forging on the evidence log the signature of another police officer with the same last name. [snip] Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/ Pubdate: Sun, 6 Sep 1998 Author: New York Times URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n774.a07.html *** COMMENT: Are we really better off by having put our law enforcement officers on "Commission?" Who is losing more in this case the occasional nabbed drug dealer or the Constitution? *** IOWA'S FORFEITURE LAW TAKES THE PROFIT OUT OF CRIME Millions in cash and property have been seized by police and sheriffs Samuel Vallejo lost more than his freedom when authorities nabbed him for drug dealing. They also seized four vehicles, $7,000 in cash, a cell phone and pager from a rural Polk County residence. "It'll put him out of business for a while," said Chief Deputy Dennis Anderson of the Polk County Sheriff's Department, which plans to sell the vehicles at a public auction next month. Vallejo, 25, is not alone in feeling the sting of Iowa's forfeiture law. Police and sheriff s departments across the state have used the law to acquire millions of dollars in cash, cars and other property from people involved in drug dealing or other crimes. While Iowa law enforcement agencies don't come across art deco mansions and powerful cigarette boats like you might find in South Florida, authorities say the property seizures are a significant tool in their war against drugs. [snip] Source: Des Moines Register (IA) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.dmregister.com/ Pubdate: 06 Sep 98 Author: Jonathan Roos, Register Staff Writer Fax: (515) 286-2511 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n776.a07.html *** DRUG PIPE REPORT SPURS CITY PROBE Clive city and police officials are investigating allegations that a marijuana pipe was found at a July party attended by some city leaders and members of the volunteer fire department, authorities said Monday. City officials said that the case is being investigated as a personnel matter, and they would not provide details. Clive City Manager Dennis Henderson said the incident reportedly took place at a July 25 going-away party for the former fire chief at the home of Dave Ennen, a volunteer firefighter and member of Clive's planning and zoning commission. Ennon did not return calls to his home Monday. "The allegation is that there was a small, silver marijuana pipe spotted at the party," Henderson said. He would not comment on anyone involved and said that, to his knowledge, no drugs were found. [snip] Source: Des Moines Register (IA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.dmregister.com/ Pubdate: 01 Sep 98 Author: Estela Villanueva, Register Staff Writer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n777.a10.html *** DRUG STING ROCKS U.K. PARLIAMENT Peer allegedly offered cocaine to reporter LONDON (AP) - One of the youngest members of Britain's House of Lords was suspended yesterday after allegedly trying to sell cocaine to an undercover reporter in the corridors of Parliament. Joseph Phillip Sebastian Yorke, the 10th Lord Hardwicke, could face expulsion from the Conservative party. The move follows a report in the tabloid News of the World on Sunday that the lord tried to sell cocaine to one of its undercover reporters last week when members of the House were recalled to debate stricter security legislation after a fatal bombing in Northern Ireland. Yorke, 27, runs a motor scooter shop and admits he only shows up at the House of Lords twice a week to collect his $330 in attendance fees. He said he was "shocked and distressed" by the scandal. [snip] Source: Times, The (UK) Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.the-times.co.uk/ Pubdate: Tuesday, September 8, 1998 URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n778.a07.html *** DRUG SEIZURE LAWS RIPE FOR ABUSE Police tactics bring cries for reform On New Year's Eve, Adam Townley sold marijuana to an undercover police officer. He would end up paying for it with his car. Eager to gain ownership of Mr. Townley's two-door 1990 Nissan -- taken during his arrest -- Fairfax police agreed to a deal in which two counts of drug trafficking against the 20-year-old from Union Township in Clermont County were reduced to a lesser charge. Police holding drug-raid loot Mr. Townley got his freedom. The police got the Nissan. The exchange, though perfectly legal under drug forfeiture law, raises questions about the legitimacy of such tactics and the zeal with which some police agencies pursue material goods enjoyed by the drug dealers they arrest. [snip] Source: Cincinnati Enquirer (OH) Contact: http://Enquirer.Com/editor/letters.html Website: http://enquirer.com/today/ Pubdate: Tue, 08 Sep 1998 Author: Anne Michaud - The Cincinnati Enquirer URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n780.a05.html *** HOT OFF THE NET TALK TO MIKE GRAY ONLINE THIS SATURDAY PM Mike Gray will be the guest in the Legalize-USA chat room next Saturday evening. This will be a moderated discussion to start with, followed by an open discussion. YOU can chat with DRUG CRAZY author Mike Gray this Saturday! Just point your web browser to http://www.legalize-usa.org/chat.htm for details and information about how to use your java enabled web browser or Internet Relay Chat (IRC) software to join the discussion. Mike Gray, author of the China Syndrome and the much acclaimed Drug Crazy will discuss his insights into the background of the War on Drugs and how we may find a way out of it. More on Drug Crazy is at: http://www.drugsense.org/crazy.htm The chat on Saturday, Sept 19th, will be at the following time: EST 9:00pm-11:00pm CST 8:00pm-10:00pm PST 6:00pm-8:00pm GMT 2:00am-4:00am the following day CET (Central European Time) 3:00am-5:00am the following day Join us! *** TIP OF THE WEEK Hearty Congratulations to Marsha Rosenbaum of The Lindesmith Center-West. Her article below was published in the San Francisco Chronicle last Monday Sept 7. It can also be read at: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n776.a03.html A MOTHER'S ADVICE ABOUT DRUGS by Marsha Rosenbaum, director of The Lindesmith Center-West, a drug policy institute in San Francisco, wrote this letter to her son, an Urban High School freshman. DEAR JOHNNY, This fall you will be entering high school, and like most American teenagers, you'll have to navigate drugs. As most parents, I would prefer that you not use drugs. However, I realize that despite my wishes, you might experiment. [snip] US CA: OPED: A Mother's Advice About Drugs Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Contact: email@example.com Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/ Pubdate: Monday, September 7, 1998 Author: Marsha Rosenbaum *** SPECIAL FOCUS ALERT *** COMMENT: PLEASE WRITE A LETTER ON THIS ONE EMAIL: MilleMag@aol.com Mademoiselle Magazine (Circulation 1.2 Million) Deserves hearty congratulations for the excellent piece excerpted below. The subscribers of this magazine (largely middle class female) is a difficult target for the reform movement. Please consider writing a brief letter of encouragement. If your letter gets published it will have an equivalent ad value of nearly $1,000 per column inch and reach well over a million people! PRESCRIPTION POTHEADS WHAT'S A NICE GIRL LIKE YOU DOING WITH A JOINT LIKE THIS? TAKING HER MEDICINE - AND RISKING A JAIL TERM. NOW THAT MARIJUANA IS USED TO TREAT EVERYTHING FROM AIDS TO ANOREXIA, MORE AND MORE YOUNG WOMEN ARE BECOMING CASUALTIES OF THE WAR ON DRUGS. One late night last June, Lee, 22 and two of her friends pulled their car over to a curb in crime-ridden downtown Oakland. They wanted to buy marijuana, which Lee smoked every day. She was completely out, and couldn't get in touch with her regular contact, a dealer-slash-friend. So there she was, on a dark, desolate corner where she'd heard she could score some weed. A man rode up on a bicycle. "You want a twenty-dollar bag.?" he asked. Lee, who was in the driver's seat, sensed danger as she put the bill in his hand. Sure enough, he whipped out a knife. "Give me all your jewelry and money," he ordered. When he leaned into the car, Lee noticed a gun peeking out of his jacket. She pulled three rings off her left hand. On was a cherished friendship band her god-sister had give her seven years ago, when Lee tested positive for the HIV virus. [snip] "The government approach is inhumane," says Chuck Thomas of the Marijuana Policy Project in Washington, D.C., an advocacy group that wants to legalize medical marijuana. "They bust ill patients' doors down, drag them downtown, take their mug shot and throw them in jail like common criminals." The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) admits Lee could do time if she were caught with as little as one joint. "We're not out looking for AIDS patients, but people who use marijuana are breaking the law," says DEA spokesperson Rogene Waite. "And we follow the law on this." [snip] The Criminally Ill? Marijuana is illegal, but it's also good medicine. Ninety human studies indicate that cannabis sativa (the species name for marijuana) relieves many of the symptoms that accompany AIDS, multiple sclerosis (MS), epilepsy and chemotherapy treatment for cancer. Unfortunately, most of the studies have not met strict Food and Drug Administration guidelines, and the FDA has not approved further research. So marijuana remains classified with LSD and heroin as a Schedule 1 drug (that means it's highly addictive, has no therapeutic value and can't be prescribed by a physician). There are three main medical uses for marijuana; as an anti nauseant and an appetite stimulant (for AIDS and chemo patients); as an antispasmodic, or muscle relaxant (for spasms that accompany MS, epilepsy and paraplegia). Most of the medical establishment - including the American Medical Association, the American Cancer Society, the American Public Health Association and many state nurses' organizations - support research into therapeutic use of this versatile drug. [snip] A Different Kind Of Health Club I met Lee at the Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, a club in Oakland, California, that sells marijuana to patients who have a doctor's recommendation. The only daughter of divorced parents, Lee grew up with her mom and step-dad in a tough San Francisco neighborhood, where, at age 15, Lee was raped by an acquaintance. "I thought he was trying to get me pregnant, so I told him I'd be down at the clinic in a minute to abort it," Lee says. "He told me, 'I'm giving you something the clinic can't cure'" - HIV. [snip] *** [SIDEBAR] [snip] Copyright 1998 by the Conde Nast Publications Inc. Newshawk: A friend of the Media Awareness Project Pubdate: October, 1998 Source: Mademoiselle Author: Mary Ann Marshall Contact: MilleMag@aol.com Mail: Mademoiselle, Letters to the Editor, 350 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10017 FAX: (212) 880-5LTR Voicemail: (800) 644-MLLE (U.S. only) Website: http://www.mademoiselle.com/ Cover Headline: THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA WARS - "Pot is the only thing that stops the pain." *** QUOTE OF THE WEEK Thanks to Eric Skidmore for the following: Check out this quote from a Molly Ivins column, September 8, 1998, in the Anchorage Daily News. The quote is attributed to Upton Sinclair, a turn of the century muckraker, famous for "The Jungle" exposing the Chicago meat packing industry. "It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends on his not understanding it." - Upton Sinclair This obviously has implications for the drug warriors, law enforcement, treatment counselors, urine testers, media parasites, forfeiture benefactors, etc. The list is endless. *** FACT OF THE WEEK Commissioned by President Nixon in 1972, the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse concluded that "Marihuana's relative potential for harm to the vast majority of individual users and its actual impact on society does not justify a social policy designed to seek out and firmly punish those who use it. This judgment is based on prevalent use patterns, on behavior exhibited by the vast majority of users and on our interpretations of existing medical and scientific data. This position also is consistent with the estimate by law enforcement personnel that the elimination of use is unattainable." Source: Shafer, Raymond P., et al, Marihuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding, Ch. V, Washington D.C.: National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, (1972). *** DrugSense Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers our members. Watch this feature to learn more about what DrugSense can do for you. News/COMMENTS-Editor: Tom O'Connell (firstname.lastname@example.org) Senior-Editor: Mark Greer (email@example.com) We wish to thank all our contributors and Newshawks. NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. REMINDER: Please help us help reform. Send any news articles you find on any drug related issue to firstname.lastname@example.org PLEASE HELP: DrugSense provides this service at no charge BUT IT IS NOT FREE TO PRODUCE. We incur many costs in creating our many and varied services. If you are able to help by contributing to the DrugSense effort please Make checks payable to MAP Inc. send your contribution to: Mark Greer Executive Director DrugSense PO Box 651 Porterville, CA 93258 (800) 266 5759 MGreer@mapinc.org http://www.mapinc.org/ http://www.drugsense.org/ -------------------------------------------------------------------
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