Portland NORML News - Wednesday, September 30, 1998

Planting Evidence ('Willamette Week,' Portland's Leading Spokesman
For The Law Enforcement Community, Ignores The Sick And Dying
Who Would Benefit From Measure 67, The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act,
In Order To Emphasize The Unfounded Fears Of Cops That 'Virtually Every'
Small-Time Pot Grower Will Be Able To Find A Physician Willing To Endorse
His Or Her Use Of Cannabis, Begging The Question, 'So Why Are We Busting
So Many Sick People,' And Ignoring The Experience In California,
Where Non-Medical Prosecutions For Cannabis Increased After Proposition 215)

Sept. 30, 1998
Link to text of Measure 67
Willamette Week 822 SW 10th Ave. Portland, OR 97205 Tel. (503) 243-2122 Fax (503) 243-1115 Letters to the Editor: Mark Zusman - mzusman@wweek.com Web: http://www.wweek.com/ Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to letters of 250 words or less. illustration by STAN SHAW Planting Evidence * Local prosecutors say the proposed medical-marijuana law would pose big problems for law enforcement. BY MAUREEN O'HAGAN mohagan@wweek.com If Multnomah County prosecutors are to be believed, the state police academy had better be prepared to start teaching classes in horticulture. According to a recent analysis by the Multnomah County District Attorney's Office, the proposed medical-marijuana law poses all sorts of problems for police and prosecutors. Under Measure 67, people with "debilitating medical conditions" would be allowed to possess and grow marijuana to help treat their illnesses. The measure requires the Oregon Health Division to issue medical-marijuana permits to people who present notes from their doctors saying that marijuana may help with their condition. Show the permit to the police, and, if you have less than one ounce of usable pot and no more than seven (four mature and three immature) plants, they're supposed to go away. That sounds pretty clear, but Mark McDonnell, who heads one of two drug units in the district attorney's office, says the law presents all sorts of loopholes and complications. Two of his points, outlined in the analysis, have the most credibility. First, McDonnell says, the measure allows people with debilitating illnesses to claim the medical defense even if they don't have the permits at the time they're busted. Others who are not ill may be growing marijuana for a sick friend, which is allowed under the measure. In either case, the measure allows a person to avoid conviction if it can be established that the pot was being used to treat a medical condition. According to McDonnell's analysis, "persons who have never obtained, or even applied for, a marijuana-use permit can wait until the day of trial and claim for the first time that they suffer from a debilitating medical condition." If the measure passes, McDonnell expects more and more marijuana defendants to claim that they were using or growing pot for medical purposes. "We'll likely see it in virtually every case," he says, "except where it's a marijuana sale to an undercover officer [the measure prohibits sales] and large commercial grows where not even a defense attorney could argue medical necessity with a straight face." Lawyers who represent marijuana defendants agree that the defense will probably be used frequently, both by people with real health problems and by others with bogus medical claims. "I think it's in people's nature, if they're in trouble, to try to get out of trouble," says defense lawyer Pat Birmingham. "Sure there's going to be people that try to abuse it." "Theoretically, I believe it is a defense that could be used," says defense lawyer Michele Kohler, although she believes that it will only be effective in cases in which the person is legitimately and obviously ill. McDonnell's second point is that even if prosecutors can weed out bogus claims, the law would suck up resources. The measure, he says, prohibits authorities from "harming" or "neglecting" any property seized by the police until the defendant's case has been resolved. McDonnell says the provision includes the plants themselves. "As a result," the analysis says, "the police will be required to maintain and care for all growing marijuana plants they seize until the defendant's case is finally resolved." McDonnell, who says that last year 7,917 marijuana plants were seized by local police, pictures a vast police greenhouse filled with the budding plants. David Fidanque, the director of the Oregon chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, which helped write the measure, says the provision was not designed to protect plants but other property that may be seized as part of a marijuana case. "I think it's a ludicrous reading of the statute," he says. If the courts do require police to care for growing marijuana plants, he adds, "I think we would be the first ones to support a clarification of that statute." To the district attorney's office, the bottom line is that the law is difficult to enforce. "The measure puts the police and prosecutors in the untenable position of trying to enforce a law with huge loopholes," McDonnell says. "What the measure really intends to do, under the guise of medical purposes, is to legalize marijuana or make it extremely difficult to prosecute these cases." While the district attorney's analysis is being criticized by proponents as an attack on medical-marijuana users, it does not directly oppose the measure. "Personally, I don't think half the DAs care one way or another," says Kohler. "But professionally it's their duty to uphold the law." *** [these paragraphs were laid out in a separate column in the online version of this story:] Over the past three years, there have been just 19 cases in which marijuana defendants in Multnomah County claimed their pot was for medical purposes. In some of these cases, the charges were dismissed. "I think it's in people's nature, if they're in trouble, to try to get out of trouble. ...Sure there's going to be people that try to abuse it." --Pat Birmingham

Pot Activist Wants PC's Back (The Version In The Bend, Oregon, 'Bulletin')

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 17:55:25 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US OR: Pot Activist Wants PC's Back
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Curt Wagoner (cwagoner@bendnet.com)
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sep 1998
Source: Bulletin, The (OR)
Contact: bulletin@bendbulletin.com
Website: http://www.bendbulletin.com
Section: New Briefs, B-8


ALBANY- An embattled marijuana activist has gone to court to try to
get back computers police took during a drug raid two weeks ago,
seizures his lawyer said violates privacy rights and constitutional
freedoms of speech and association. Bill Conde, 55, was charged with a
felony count of marijuana possession when Linn County sheriffs
deputies found slightly more than an ounce of marijuana at his
property near Harrisburg on Sept. 15th. Searching for drug records,
authorities took computers that Conde said he uses to run his redwood
lumber business, as well as to store political action committee

Gambling Addict's Survivors May Ask Voters To Overturn Game
('The Associated Press' Says Video Poker Opponents Are Planning
An Oregon Initiative Campaign In 2000 Aimed At Ending Or At Least Curtailing
State-Sponsored Gambling - Even Though Apparently The Percentage
Of Dependent Players Has Plummeted From 7 Percent To 3 Percent
In Two Years)

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Gambling addict's survivors may ask voters to overturn game

The Associated Press
9/30/98 3:37 AM


Associated Press Writer

SALEM, Ore. (AP) -- Friends and relatives of a man who committed suicide
after becoming hooked on video poker are hoping to ask Oregon voters to pull
the plug on the game two years from now.

The video poker opponents gathered on the front steps of the Capitol Tuesday
to remember Bob Hafemann, a Milwaukie man who fatally shot himself three
years ago after falling deeply into gambling-related debt.

Hafemann's sister, Rhonda Hatefi, said her brother enjoyed his life as a
$45,000-a-year steelworker before he became addicted to the Oregon Lottery's
video poker game and lost his life's savings.

"He only paid his rent. He let all of his other bills slide," Hatefi told
reporters. "His death has devastated us as a family."

Tom Grey, executive director of the National Coalition Against Lottery
Expansion, said he will help Hatefi and others with an initiative campaign
in 2000 aimed at ending or at least curtailing state-sponsored gambling.

Grey, who lives in Hanover, Ill., said the campaign will be launched soon
after this November's election to give gambling opponents plenty of time to
round up signatures for the ballot two years from now.

To give voters a choice, the opponents plan to push one initiative to get
rid of the Lottery altogether and another one to ban just video poker -- by
far the biggest moneymaker of the Lottery's games.

"Our ultimate goal is to eliminate video poker," he said. "We see it as the
crack cocaine of gambling."

The opponents will have their work cut out for them, though, because various
polls have indicated wide public support for the highly profitable game.

"I think people understand that if the Lottery were to go away, you would
lose $500 million in state revenue," said David Hooper, spokesman for the
Oregon Lottery. "You would either have to lose services or increase taxes."

Plus, he said, the state has allocated $4.5 million to run a 24-hour
telephone hot line and treatment programs for problem gamblers, who make up
about 3 percent of the total number of people who play the lottery.

Still, Grey and other opponents said the state's own estimates are that
there are more than 70,000 problem gamblers in Oregon and that state
government is cashing in on those people's addiction.

"Obviously, we've got a feeding frenzy in this state," he said.

Hafemann's father, Harvey, said he knows only that video poker ruined his
son's life.

"He was trying to stop, but video poker took him down a road of no return,"
he said.

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Scientific Proof Linking Pot, Violence Nonexistent (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Oregonian' From Portland NORML Director TD Miller Rebuts An Assertion
By Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle That Cannabis 'Contributes To Violent
And Assaultive Behavior' And Therefore Shouldn't Be Used As Medicine
For People With Serious Illnesses)

Date: Thu, 01 Oct 1998 06:37:14 -0700
From: Paul Freedom (nepal@teleport.com)
Organization: Oregon Libertarian Patriots
To: Cannabis Patriots (Cannabis-Patriots-L@teleport.com)
Subject: CanPat - Published Letter to the Oregonian! T.D. Miller
Sender: owner-cannabis-patriots-l@smtp.teleport.com

Great Work TD!

I really doubt the Oregonian will publish any of our
letters regarding the phony psychologist. I will just send
a copy to the Board of Pshc. Ex. and drop it. We decided
they have shot down there own case by having such a fool.
The following is a terrific letter by T. D. : Oregonian 9-30-98


Scientific Proof Linking Pot, Violence Nonexistent

Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle and Roger Burt
should do a little research on marijuana before testifying
about it's properties ("Sheriff argues against legalized marijuana,"
Sept, 25).

When Noelle suggests marijuana "contributes to violent and
assaultive behavior," he takes a position that even the National Institute on
Drug Abuse won't support. Why? Because there is no peer reviewed
scientific evidence linking pot and violence.

When Burt asserts that marijuana is "...in the big leagues of addictions
he must have missed the report in the Boston Globe and the San Francisco
Chronicle (Sept. 24) on Dr. Ian Meng's research at the University of California
comparing pain relievers and saying, "The addiction potential of marijuana is
also much lower."

Of course, neither mentioned that the National Institute of Mental Health
in July showed that cannabinoids could protect the brain from the damage caused
by injuries and stroke.

T.D. Miller, director
(National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws)
Southeast Portland

Marijuana Activist Goes To Court To Seek Return Of Computers
('The Associated Press' Says Reform Activist Bill Conde Of Harrisburg,
Oregon, Has Gone To Court To Try To Get Back Computers Police Took
During A Drug Raid Two Weeks Ago, Seizures His Lawyer Said
Violate Privacy Rights And Constitutional Freedoms Of Speech And Association)
Link to earlier story
Associated Press found at: http://www.oregonlive.com/ feedback (letters to the editor): feedback@thewire.ap.org Marijuana activist goes to court to seek return of computers The Associated Press 9/30/98 3:42 AM ALBANY, Ore. (AP) -- An embattled marijuana activist has gone to court to try to get back computers police took during a drug raid two weeks ago, seizures his lawyer said violate privacy rights and constitutional freedoms of speech and association. Bill Conde, 55, was charged with a felony count of marijuana possession when Linn County sheriff's deputies found slightly more than an ounce of marijuana at his property near Harrisburg on Sept. 15. Searching for drug records, authorities took computers that Conde said he uses to run his redwood lumber business, as well as to store political action committee information. One computer was used to operate a reader board visible from Interstate 5 that displayed messages about marijuana initiatives on the Nov. 3 general election ballot. Conde's attorney, Brian Michaels, argued Tuesday that authorities are going after Conde because of his outspoken political views. "There's no scintilla of probable cause to hold these records," Michaels told Linn County Circuit Judge Rick McCormick. "There was no scintilla of probable cause to have even obtained these records." But sheriff's deputies say the computers are relevant to their probe of drug use and drug sales at the marijuana-themed events, most recently the three-day "Cannabis Carnival" over Labor Day weekend. "He profits by selling tickets to events where people know they can get drugs," sheriff's Lt. Dar Holm said Tuesday about Conde. Holm testified that drug sales were "rampant, widespread" at the Cannabis Carnival and said he believes Conde knew it, and profited from it. He noted that Conde advertised the $10-per-person festival on the Internet, ads that boasted that there would be "no cops" there. Michaels said the computers' records include names of people who support marijuana legalization and lists of people who registered to vote during events held on Conde's property. Now, he said, political contributions are drying up and people who are named in the computer records fear authorities are going to harass them. The computers are believed to hold lists of vendors, and possibly lists of security guards. "This investigation is hindering the political process in the state of Oregon," Michaels said. "What you have is a situation where a lot of people are going to be investigated who are not identified as criminals." Undercover narcotics officers bought drugs, primarily marijuana, 26 times during the Cannabis Carnival and witnessed numerous other drug transactions, according to the affidavit filed in support of the search warrant. "It was a valid seizure for reasons of a criminal investigation," Linn County deputy district attorney George Eder said in court. The computers' hard drives were turned over to state police computer specialists, who won't have time to examine them until Monday, Holm said. (c)1998 Oregon Live LLC Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Audit Finds 54 People With Criminal Backgrounds Caring For Kids
('The Associated Press' Says A Recent Audit Of Oregon's Adult And Family
Services Division Showed That 54 People Receiving State Money To Provide
Child Care Had Outstanding Warrants And Criminal Histories, Including
Endangering A Minor, Drug And Drunken Driving Charges, Child Neglect,
Credit Card Fraud And Assault - No Word On How Many Children Were Put
In Foster Care Because A Parent Had Been Charged With Marijuana Possession)

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Audit finds 54 people with criminal backgrounds caring for kids

The Associated Press
9/30/98 3:42 AM

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- A recent state audit showed that 54 people receiving
state money to provide child care had outstanding warrants and criminal
histories, including endangering a minor, drug and drunken driving charges,
child neglect, credit card fraud and assault.

Cathy Pollino, deputy director of the Secretary of State's Audit Division,
said auditors were so surprised to discover the warrants that they
double-checked with the Law Enforcement Data System, the computer program
used to do the checks.

"To me, those sound like significant offenses," Pollino said.

The audit of the state Adult and Family Services Division showed that 15 of
the child-care providers had criminal backgrounds before they were approved
by the division, and the remaining 39 were issued warrants after the initial
background check.

Jim Neely, deputy administrator of family services, said that 54 is a small
number when compared with the 12,000 child-care providers who are active
each month.

"We're always surprised to see things like this," Neely said. "But we are
grateful to have seen this potential loophole."

The 54 providers who did have more serious warrants and were active in child
care were issued denial letters revoking their state registration and
payments, except for one woman with a larceny-theft warrant who completed
probation and is limited to care for her grandchild.

The family services agency has conducted more than 117,000 screenings of
child-care providers to determine if they are eligible for state subsidies
to provide child care for low-income families. The state spent $112 million
for the 1995-97 biennium.

The audit screened all 117,000 child-care providers, including 12,000 active
providers. The audit team discovered 250 child-care providers who
potentially had outstanding warrants, but after going over the list, the
majority of the warrants were for minor offenses such as parking tickets,
had been satisfactorily cleared, or were issued to inactive providers.

JaNell Welker, co-chairwoman for the Oregon Family Child Care network, a
communication link for child-care provider groups, said the audit is the
best thing that could have happened for Adult and Family Services.

"It put them on their toes to say, 'Hey, we can't even let that few slip
through the cracks,"' she said. "I think AFS is really on the ball now, and
they will not let this happen again."

The family services agency has been rechecking the backgrounds of active
providers and those who want reactivation every two years. It also is
planning to perform quarterly reviews of child-care providers who are
classified as "limited," or licensed to care for only one child, usually a
family member.

"The best thing to say about this is that, as with any large-scale system
like this, as we do checks, someone might not be included in that check,"
Neely said. "But we got into this business to make sure that child-care
providers are safe for our kids to be with."

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Women Will Occupy Part Of The Eastern Oregon Prison ('The Associated Press'
Says By Next Summer, 160 Women Will Join More Than 1,500 Male Inmates
At The Eastern Oregon Correctional Institution In Pendleton As Part Of What
Prison Officials Call A Temporary Overcrowding Fix That Could Last Four

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Women will occupy part of the Eastern Oregon prison

The Associated Press
9/30/98 3:37 AM

PENDLETON, Ore. (AP) -- By next summer, 160 women will join more than 1,500
male inmates at the Eastern Oregon Correctional Institution in what prison
officials say is a temporary overcrowding fix that could last four years.

The move is designed to alleviate overcrowding at the Oregon Women's
Correction Center in Salem and keep the state from having to send as many
inmates to prisons elsewhere.

Starting in December, the first group of women inmates will be transported
from a private prison in Gallup, New Mexico, where the state rents 119 beds.
The rest will come from the state prison in Salem.

To make room at Eastern Oregon, about 200 men are being shipped to the
state's Snake River prison in Ontario. Ninety-five have already moved and
the rest will be gone by mid-October.

"It's not every time you get the luxury of a phase-in," said Jean Hill,
prison superintendent. "It'll give us time to adjust."

The women's unit will be carved out of what is known as H Building, a
two-story building tucked into the southeast corner of the institution.

The building also is home to the men's disciplinary segregation unit, where
inmates are housed in single cells rather than the larger dormitory-style units.

"The idea of putting the women in Unit H was pretty creative on our part,"
said Corrections Department spokeswoman Perrin Damon. "You don't usually
think of mixing men and women in the same facility, but it's so segregated,
there shouldn't be any problems."

The two blocks will share a wall: On one side is the segregation unit's
exercise yard, on the other will be the women's exercise yard.

That wall poses some concern to officials. But measures will be taken to
prohibit the passing of notes or contraband over the wall, Hill said.

One solution could be restricting the men to individual exercise cubicles or
wire cage-like structures for their allotted time outdoors.

Windows along the sidewalk leading to the yard will be frosted, as will any
windows through which men and women inmates might catch glimpses of each other.

Seventeen security staff, three nurses and a pharmacy technician will be
hired and assigned strictly to the women's area.

A new structure, a work and programs building, will be built at the open end
of the women's exercise yard, Hill said.

"We just didn't have enough space to keep the women working, so that's going
to assist us a great deal," she said.

Some work will be created simply in meeting the needs of the block, such as
cleaning and setting up rooms. Women inmates also will prepare and serve the
food cooked by male inmates in the institution's kitchen.

"Everything that needs to be done, it'll be the women's unit so they will be
doing it," Hill said.

The mixed-population arrangement isn't unique in the state. The Columbia
River Correctional Institution near the Portland airport currently houses
317 men and 162 women.

Both arrangements will come to an end once the state opens its new women's
prison and intake center, expected to house more than 1,300 at the site of
the old Dammasch State Hospital in Wilsonville.

"If we break ground in May, like we'd like to do, we could start housing
people in February 2001," Damon said.

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Sims Says Crime Drives Plan To Raise Property-Tax Rate ('The Seattle Times'
Says King County Executive Ron Sims Is Calling For A 5.5 Percent
Tax-Rate Increase To Hire 367 More Jailers, Police And Prosecutors,
Using The Specter Of Criminals Roaming The Streets To Justify
What Could Be One Of The State's Largest Property-Tax-Rate Increases In 1999)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-Hemp Talk" (hemp-talk@hemp.net)
Subject: HT: Crime drives plan to raise Seattle property-tax rate
Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 18:01:28 -0700
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company

Posted at 08:41 a.m. PDT; Wednesday, September 30, 1998

Sims says crime drives plan to raise property-tax rate

by Brier Dudley
Seattle Times Eastside bureau

The specter of criminals roaming the streets is being used by King County
Executive Ron Sims to justify what could be one of the state's largest
property-tax-rate increases in 1999.

Sims said higher taxes are needed to hire 367 more jailers, police and

"I'm not willing to jeopardize the safety of the citizens of King County,"
Sims said yesterday at a news conference previewing his Oct. 12 budget
proposal to the Metropolitan King County Council.

Sims is calling for a 5.5 percent tax-rate increase - six times higher than
the inflation-based limit of 0.85 percent set by Referendum 47, the
statewide ballot measure voters approved in 1997.

Even at the higher tax rate, Sims said, parks and human-services budgets
must be cut to feed the voracious growth of criminal-justice needs.

"Our criminal-justice costs, we have to face; they're there, they're not
going away," Sims said.

Police and jails are sacred cows to council Republicans, but several scoffed
at Democrat Sims' approach.

"Ron Sims is using public safety as the human shield to justify his tax
increases," said Councilman Chris Vance, R-Kent.

Vance said there's plenty of money for criminal justice available by cutting
costs; he suggested starting with Sims' executive office. There's no danger
of closing the Sheriff's Office, as Sims had warned earlier, because the
tax-rate increase affects only a fraction of the $440 million budget, Vance
said. He said the higher rate would bring in just $8.5 million.

Council may not see it his way

It remains to be seen whether Sims can find enough votes on the council to
pass his budget and accompanying legislation needed to override Referendum
47's limit. The budget is finalized in November.

Council Budget Chairman Greg Nickels, D-West Seattle, said there's an
obligation to voters who told government to keep spending in line with
inflation. He expects the council will lower the rate from what Sims
requests, but maybe not to all the way to 0.85 percent.

Rob McKenna, R-Bellevue, said "it's very unlikely" that Sims' plan will be
approved. But "it's good politics, he's daring us to touch his
criminal-justice budget."

Last year, Sims also proposed a 5.5 percent tax-rate increase. The council
agreed because the Medic 1 levy had failed, forcing the county to scramble
for $8 million to keep the emergency medical-response system afloat.

Vance said the Medic 1 crisis met Ref. 47's criterion of an exceptional need
justifying a higher tax rate, but the unsurprising growth of public-safety
costs does not.

Crime taking bigger bite of budget

Debate centers on the expense budget, the roughly $440 million in
discretionary spending. Overall, the county's budget is around $3 billion,
including transit, sewage and other programs with little leeway.

There's no disagreement that criminal justice is taking an ever greater
share of the budget as the county loses revenue to newly formed cities. It
accounts for 66 percent of Sims' 1999 budget proposal, up from 62 percent
last year.

Jail statistics show that bookings decreased over the last five years, but
have begun increasing this year. Average jail time is also rising, from 15.9
days last year to 16.2 days.

Sims said jails are more crowded because the county's population is growing.
His analysts said the crowding is largely from nonviolent offenders serving
time for crimes such as drunken driving or drug offenses.

Amid that growth, the county has used up a special dispensation of
motor-vehicle excise-tax revenue that it used to launch the Regional Justice
Center in Kent. Starting next year the county must use its general revenue
instead, adding $4.8 million worth of expenses.

Altogether, Sims proposed raising jail spending from $68 million to $79
million, largely to open the remaining sections at the Kent jail and add 259

He also proposed spending another $1.5 million on District Court
operations - including a new mental-health court suggested by judges after a
transient with a history of mental illness and criminal activity fatally
stabbed a retired firefighter near the Kingdome.

Public defenders wouldn't get any more money under Sims' plan, but
prosecutors would get $2.6 million to add 14 people.

Sims also proposed increasing Sheriff Dave Reichert's budget by $5.5
million, to $74 million, allowing him to hire 50 more people. Included is
money for traffic officers, transit police and airport patrols.

Although there are big spending increases, Sims said his budget is fiscally
careful and includes numerous cuts that he'll unveil later.

"This budget, we were doing a lot of bottom feeding," he said, "looking for
what scraps we could to make it go."

Brier Dudley's phone message number is 206-515-5687. His e-mail address is:

Judge tosses out medical usage defense; pot grower (The Union,
published in Grass Valley, California, describes a Proposition 215 case
in which a Lake Wildwood man was convicted Tuesday of growing marijuana
for sale after a judge ripped the heart out of his medical-marijuana defense.
However, J. Tony Serra, the lead defense attorney for Ronald Enos, 54, said
"This submission allows us to appeal every issue and, in the meantime,
Mr. Enos is free.")

Date: Sun, 4 Oct 1998 07:47:48 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge tosses out medical usage defense; pot grower
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Theresa Taylor
Pubdate: 30 Sep 1998
Source: The Union (Grass Valley and Nevada City, CA)
Contact: johns@theunion.com
Webform: http://www.theunion.com/forms/lteform.html
FAX: (530) 477-4292
Mail: Letters to the Editor, The Union, 11464 Sutton Way
Grass Valley, CA, 95945
Website: http://www.theunion.com/
Author: James Nash


A Lake Wildwood man was convicted Tuesday of growing marijuana for sale
after a judge ripped the heart out of his medical-marijuana defense,
cutting short what was expected to be a colorful test case of California's
medical pot law.

Ronald Enos, 54, faces up to six months in jail after prosecutors and his
San Francisco defense attorneys reached a deal to convict Enos on one of
three counts pending against him.

The Nevada County district attorney's office agreed to drop charges of
cultivating marijuana and stealing electricity to power his indoors growing

Tuesday's deal - which occurred after a lengthy pretrial battle, but before
a jury could be seated - will allow Enos' lawyers to appeal a ruling by
Superior Court Judge Frank Francis that struck down Enos' claims that he
needed marijuana to relieve his chronic pain, and that state laws on
growing medical marijuana was too vague to prosecute him.

"Without a defense, our best bet is to appeal the judge's decision," said
J. Tony Serra, Enos' lead defense attorney. "This submission allows us to
appeal every issue and, in the meantime, Mr. Enos is free.

"If we were lucky enough to win on appeal, this case would have
broad-ranging consequence for all people who are similarly situated," said
Serra, a prominent San Francisco defense attorney and marijuana
legalization activist.

Police arrested Enos in July after finding 91 marijuana plants growing in
buckets in two rooms of his home. Enos said the marijuana was intended for
his personal use and to sell at cost to cannabis clubs, which, under state
law, may distribute the drug to people with certain medical conditions.

However, prosecutors said they were prepared to present evidence that Enos
profited from his growing operation and that, as a consequence, he couldn't
claim a legitimate case under Proposition 215, the voter-approved medical
marijuana initiative.

"We're happy with the result," said county Assistant District Attorney Ron
Wolfson. "We had a trial in the form of motions, essentially an entire
trial in the pretrial phase. We are anxious and interested, as the (state)
attorney general is, in seeing this case go up on appeal so that we can get
resolution to some of the issues that were raised."

Wolfson said the district attorney's office was able to get a conviction on
the most serious charge - growing marijuana with intent to sell - and that
the lesser charges probably wouldn't have made a difference in Enos'
sentence. Wolfson credited staff in the district attorney's office and the
Nevada County Sheriff's Department for their homework leading to Enos'

Serra said he was optimistic that he could win the case on appeal because
Judge Francis' ruling Monday was the first decision denying a Proposition
215 defendant a "due process" case - a claim that the state's marijuana law
was so confusing that it shouldn't be used to prosecute someone. State law
is clear that people with certain medical conditions may be prescribed
marijuana to relieve their symptoms, Serra said.

"You can't legalize milk and outlaw the cow," he said.

Enos' trial promised to be an entertaining spectacle. The defense attorneys
- a prominent group of San Francisco marijuana advocates - had subpoenaed
attorney general and Republican gubernatorial candidate Dan Lungren and his
former rival for state office, Dennis Peron, who ran the cannabis club to
which Enos sold his goods.

Prosecutors were prepared to tear into the cannabis club with evidence that
it, far from being a benevolent helper of the chronically ill, was more
like a commercial operation.

"We are confident that the possibility that any particular juror might have
voted for the law (Proposition 215), they would have easily distinguished
the facts in this case from what the law allowed," Wolfson said.



Nevada County got only a taste of the tactics of J. Tony Serra, the
self-styled "Robin Hood" defense lawyer whose clients have included a Black
Panther leader, a Symbionese Liberation Army member and a woman who shot to
death a man accused of molesting her son.

Serra, a charismatic trial attorney based on San Francisco's waterfront,
said he agreed to represent Lake Wildwood pot grower Ronald Enos at no cost
because the lawyer believes that marijuana should be made fully legal.
Enos, soft-spoken and methodical in his testimony, couldn't have presented
a starker contrast to his lawyer, whose graying ponytail swayed as the
defender dramatically enunciated arguments.

No Nevada County jury ever had the chance to witness Serra's style
first-hand. Assistant District Attorney Ron Wolfson, who handled the Enos
case, said he would have relished the chance to match wits with the
legendary attorney and pot advocate.

"It would have been a very interesting case to try," Wolfson said.

Serra has represented Black Panther leader Huey Newton, Symbionese
Liberation Army member Russel Little, molestation-revenge killer Ellie
Nesler, American Indian activist and accused killer Bear Lincoln and a
group of Humboldt County logging protesters whose eyes were swabbed with
pepper spray by sheriff's deputies.

So why Enos?

"I've been doing this from Haight-Ashbury onwards," Serra said of defending
accused marijuana growers and users. "For 30-plus years, I've been a
marijuana activist and believe that it should be wholly legalized."

Serra, who has a doctor's license to use marijuana to relieve job-related
stress, said he decided to try the Nevada County case because Bay area
prosecutors aren't as aggressive in pot cases.

"The Bay area is very tolerant, and they won't prosecute anything," he
said. "If this had been in the Bay area, this probably would have washed
out before the trial."

Serra calls himself a "Robin Hood" lawyer because he uses fees collected
from his wealthier clients to represent poorer people at no cost.

Sonoma Judge Sets Full Hearing for Return of Medical Marijuana
(A news bulletin from the web site of Californians for Compassionate Use,
associated with Dennis Peron, says Sonoma County Judge Raima Ballinger
accepted on Tuesday the county's first petition ever filed for the return of
medical marijuana plants. The judge issued a stern order to the sheriff
and county counsel that they appear for a full hearing on October 30,
where the patients whose plants were forfeited will present their side
of the story.)

Californians for Compassionate Use
San Francisco, CA
Lake County Farm, Lower Lake, CA
(707) 994-1901
Fax: (707) 994-2165
E-mail: cbc@marijuana.org

For Immediate Release:
September 30th, 1998

Sonoma Judge Sets Full Hearing for Return of Medical Marijuana

Santa Rosa, CA - Sonoma County Judge Raima Ballinger accepted on Tuesday
the County's first petition ever filed for the return of medical
marijuana plants. The Judge issued a stern order to the sheriff and
county counsel that they appear for a full hearing on October 30th where
the patients whose plants were forfeited will present their side of the

While it's true that Ed Learn, Will Larson and Robert Bonencamp had
hoped for a quick quiet victory, the scheduling of a full hearing and
the growing number of Judges getting involved means that even greater
good will come from their loss.

"Good things are coming from this action: an air-tight precedent is
being established for the return of medical marijuana plants in Santa
Rosa and we're teaching local Judges about legal medical marijuana so
they won't be as likely to sign search warrants for medical gardens in
the first place," explains John Entwistle, patient-farmer & co-author of
Proposition 215.

Ed & Will & Robert: (707) 526-1695
Attorney Steve Mittleman: (707) 996-5258

Prison Guard Union Breaks With Tradition, Backs Davis
('The Contra Costa Times' Says That In A Surprise Move,
California's Powerful Prison Guards Union, Which Has Been Republican Governor
Pete Wilson's Biggest Financial Supporter And A Backer Of GOP Gubernatorial
Contenders For 16 Years, Voted Tuesday To Support Democratic Contender
Gray Davis Over Dan Lungren, The Republican Candidate And Nemesis
Of Proposition 215 - Rank And File Members Cited Davis's Military Service)

Date: Thu, 01 Oct 1998 10:36:55 -0500
From: Arthur Sobey (asobey@ncfcomm.com)
Reply-To: asobey@ncfcomm.com
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

Edition: Contra Costa Times, Section: A, Page: 12
Sept 30, 1998


Democrat's military service swayed rank-and-file correctional peace
officers, association president says


SACRAMENTO -- California's powerful prison guards union endorsed
Democrat Gray Davis for governor on Tuesday, a surprise move for a group
that has been Republican Gov. Pete Wilson's biggest financial supporter
and a backer of GOP gubernatorial contenders for 16 years.

Don Novey, president of the 28,000-member California Correctional Peace
Officers Association, said his rank-and-file favored Davis over GOP
rival Dan Lungren in part because of Davis' service in the military and
his opposition to Proposition 226, an unsuccessful June ballot
initiative that sought to cut unions' political clout.

"We've got a lot of veterans in our crowd, and this thing about military
service being a test of character, well, it resonates with us. ... He's
walked the walk. When duty called, he was there," Novey said.

Lungren, although of draft age during the Vietnam War, did not serve in
the military because of health problems that included kidney surgery at
an early age and knee surgery later on.

Davis served in the Army in Vietnam and was awarded a Bronze Star.

Novey said the association has endorsed Davis four times for lower-level
state offices.

"We've seen him grow. He's got a genuine concern about our officers'
safety. He's a capable administrator ... and he will challenge the
privatization of prisons, the corporate sponsorship prisons. That's a
big issue," Novey said.

The endorsement means major financial backing for Davis, although Novey
declined to say how much.

The union, which has donated $1.5 million to Wilson during the past
decade, has been one of the biggest beneficiaries of California's
mammoth prison construction programs, largely under GOP administrations.

The number of prisons has nearly tripled in less than two decades. The
inmate population has increased fivefold to nearly 160,000 prisoners at
33 prisons and 38 work camps.

Davis spokesman Michael Bustamante said the campaign was "pleased at the
endorsement of a law enforcement organization that traditionally has
endorsed Republicans."

Lungren said at a campaign event in Sacramento that his support of Prop.
226 and his opposition to binding arbitration were crucial in the
officers association decision.

The union supports binding arbitration and opposed the ballot
initiative, which would have barred workers' union dues from being used
for political purposes without their written permission.

"I had a very good meeting with CCPOA," Lungren said. "A very, very good
meeting with them. There were some things on which we agreed to disagree
on. ... Would I rather have them with me than against me? Of course I
would, but I won in 1990 without them." The group, however, did endorse
him for re-election as attorney general in 1994.

During a televised debate last week, Lungren denounced binding
arbitration, declaring that arbitration hearings had forced the Golden
State Warriors to reinstate basketball player Latrell Sprewell, who had
attacked his coach. "I will not allow the voters of California to be
Latrell Sprewelled," Lungren said to the bemusement of many observers.

In explaining its reasons for backing Davis, the union echoed a
criticism that Davis made during the debate: the fact that Lungren
accepted a pay raise as attorney general during tight financial times in

Wilson "took a pay cut. Dan accepted the 5 percent pay raise and we took
a 5 percent cut," Novey added.

The Drug War's No Failure (John Jonik, a columnist for The Anderson Valley
Advertiser in Boonville, California, says the war on some drug users has
succeeded in massively enriching the Prison Growth Industry, in creating a
"holy" distraction from real crimes against people and their environment
perpetrated by corporate and government entities, and has generated a lot of
other little-discussed benefits that go unrecognized by "the left.")


Newshawk: d9 http://www.civilliberties.org/
Pubdate: Wed, 30 September 1998
Source: The Anderson Valley Advertiser (Weekly; Boonville, CA)
Contact: ava@pacific.net
FAX: 707/ 895-3355
Mail: 12451 Anderson Valley Way, Boonville, CA 95415
Columnist: John Jonik
Note: We at MAP were at first a little skeptical about this item. Our
newshawk has assured us that it was published, and words capitalized as
shown. He writes "Indeed there are *several* independent, and community
sponsored news sources in Mendocino and Humboldt Counties that have regular
and often excellent reporting and commentary on drug policy issues." We
hope that more of these items will be sent to editor@mapinc.org


In a recent issue [of the AVA] there was some quote that, once again,
suggested that the "War on Drugs" is a failure.

This myth is perpetuated in just about every good, decent and half-decent
publication. It has become a tenet of faith for the left. It is incorrect.

It is an indication of an inability of the left to scope things out from
the viewpoint of the opposition.

The War on Drugs is a FLAMING SUCCESS.

It has massively enriched the Prison Growth Industry;

it gives cops the pretense to stop minorities, bohemian types, or anyone
who doesn't look like a servant of the Corporatocracy;

it offers a scam excuse to send the US military to all sorts of "trouble
spots" in the Western Hemisphere;

it gave Bush the pretense to keep US military presence in Panama; it
enriches the suppliers of the military equipment for the Drug Warriors;

it gets lots of votes for authoritarian politicians from the Puritanical,
fundamentalist religious retrogrades within the population; it gives "law
enforcement" agencies source of income via forfeited property so that
corporations don't have to chip in with equitable taxes;

it creates a "holy" distraction from REAL crimes against people and their
environment perpetrated by corporate and government entities;

it gives the manufacturers of untested or barely-tested synthetic
pharmaceuticals a virtual monopoly of the market;

it keeps hemp out of the hands of farmers so that trees can be stolen from
the public for paper and building material;

it leaves many farmers with little option but to turn land over to
developers or ag-biz;

it gives an excuse to search and monitor citizens who are traveling;

it eliminates the good example of hemp as a non-toxic, pesticide-free
agricultural product; it removes great numbers of "disobedient" people from
voting roles;

it allows kids to be kicked out of public schools;

it leaves pesticide-drenched cotton and synthetic fabrics as the materials
of use for most of the population;

and by its cruelty, ignorance and gross insensitivity to humanity, it
terrorizes the entire population to all the better limit opposition to the
business-uber-alles authorities.

The War on Drugs, especially on marijuana, STILL benefits the alcohol
industry which was one of the promoters of the prohibition in the first
place. And booze is just about the prime excuse for the intense police
presence on the highways... "for our protection," of course, like most
authoritarian policies.

Corporations that benefit greatly are: pharmaceuticals, the
oil/petro-chemical industry, logging, pulp, paper, chlorine, pesticides,
security, military contractors, private prisons and all prison
construction, cotton, corporate farming, waste disposal, liquor, insurance,
developers, energy (hemp being a source of biomass-energy) and the
corporate media that enjoys various business relationships with all of the

The War on Marijuana is so zealously waged NOT because the narcs want to
protect us from ourselves and from natural plants but because pot is a BIG
competitive threat to some of the most powerful (and most toxic and
environmentally-destructive industries).

The War on Drugs has also succeeded in weakening the left/progressive side
by making many afraid to open their mouths about the horrors caused by the

Many fear being accused of SEEMING to be "potheads" or "drug pushers" or
WORSE, "relics of the 60s."

Many fear being investigated by the feds it they utter a peep of complaint
and, therefore, do harm to their own integrity and trustworthiness.

Many fear losing their base of economic support from the white middle-class
if they too openly condemn the Drug War oppression of black or Latino people.

And the inevitable violence, money-laundering, tax evasion and other
spin-off crimes created by the illegality of the drug business gives the
authorities MORE excuses to "get tough" and intensify their war.

And sadly, many community groups are convinced to JOIN the authorities in
their War on Drugs out of desperation in dealing with the EFFECTS of the

Pretty nifty, no?

What to do?

Well, at LEAST check the campaign funding of all officials who "fight
drugs" and the economic backers of groups who do the same. Look for
bankers, insurance companies and other investors too.

At least expose the ECONOMIC motives for their insane, oppressive programs
and expose their hypocrisy when they tolerate and facilitate TRULY harmful
crimes against people or their environment.

Any prosecutor, legislator or judge who has an interest in the businesses
which benefit by drug prohibition MUST be required to recuse themselves
from active participation.

Any prosecutor, legislator or judge who has religious bias against natural
"drugs" must also be asked to disqualify themselves from official capacity.

It's a Constitutional issue.

At the same time, do NOT help corporate authoritarians by perpetuating the
idea that the War on Drugs is a Failure and, therefore, insane. People tend
to be DEFERENTIAL to insane maniacs.

They OBEY them out of fear of insane retaliation. And the more people who
get the idea that Law Enforcement agencies are stupid morons, the more who
will end up in their clutches when they assume the authorities are stupid
morons who can be easily scammed.

The system is SMART and has NOT created the insane-LOOKING "war on drugs"
by accident.

Remember that the most effective terrorism, for the purpose of controlling
the population, is the most arbitrary and unjust.

What harmless, socially-beneficial citizen would be controlled if only
HARMFUL criminals were prosecuted?

San Francisco Likes Federal Methadone Plan
(According To 'The San Francisco Examiner,' Local Health Officials
Say A White House Initiative To Expand Methadone Treatment
And Allow Physicians To Dispense It Is Precisely In Line With Their Goals)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 17:52:06 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: SF Likes Federal Methadone Plan
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sep 1998
Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Author: Ulysses Torassa, Examiner Medical Writer


U.S. proposes to train doctors to give heroin addicts synthetic

A White House initiative to expand methadone treatment for heroin
addiction is getting a warm response from San Francisco health
officials, who say it is precisely in line with their own goals.

In February, the Board of Supervisors passed a resolution asking the
federal government for a waiver so that doctors, with training, could
prescribe the synthetic narcotic designed to lessen heroin cravings.
Currently, strict regulations prevent anyone but specially-licensed
clinics from dispensing it.

White House drug policy chief Gen. Barry McCaffrey said Tuesday there
are plans to begin training programs for physicians to become
accredited to prescribe methadone.

"This is an area where there are too many regulations," said Barbara
A. Garcia, director of community substance abuse services for the
Department of Public Health. "This puts us in a very, very opportune
situation in terms of our ability, on a local level, to push this issue."

Currently, about 1,800 people are being served at five methadone
clinics in The City, each governed by a complex web of state and
federal regulations. Another 415 are on a waiting list for treatment.

Garcia said she hopes more people will choose methadone if they know
they can get it confidentially through their doctor. It could also
lead to better medical care for conditions that often crop up in
injection drug users, she said.

Still, Garcia said it will likely be at least a year and maybe longer
before regulations can be rewritten on both a state and federal level
to make methadone access easier.

Last year, the National Institutes of Health issued a sharply-worded
report saying the nation's heroin addiction policies are outdated and
that plenty of evidence exists that methadone works well.

The treatment remains controversial, however. New York City Mayor
Rudolph Giuliani has said it only swaps one addiction for another and
announced a plan in that city to get users to quit. A few states have
no methadone clinics.

The cost for treatment is usually about $3,400 a year per person and
involves frequent visits to the clinics. Medi-Cal, the state's health
insurance for the poor, pays for its members to receive methadone, but
some people pay for it themselves, Garcia said. She said they are able
to do that because methadone stabilizes addicts and allows them to
hold down jobs. Eventually, The City hopes to provide treatment,
including methadone, on demand for all addicts. That goal remains
years away, Garcia said.

Police Chief's Daughter Fails To Show In Court ('The Orange County Register'
Says Michelle Lynette Parks, 37, The Daughter Of Los Angeles Police Chief
Bernard Parks, Has Been Free On Her Own Recognizance, But Failed To Enter
Pleas On Cocaine Sales And Trafficking Charges In Las Vegas Tuesday,
So The Judge Set A New Hearing For October 13 And Said She Would Issue
A Bench Warrant For Parks If She Did Not Show Up)
Link to earlier story
Date: Thu, 1 Oct 1998 20:02:05 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: US NV: Police Chief's Daughter Fails To Show In Court Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: John W. Black Source: Orange County Register (CA) Contact: letters@link.freedom.com Website: http://www.ocregister.com/ Pubdate: 30 Sep 1998 POLICE CHIEF'S DAUGHTER FAILS TO SHOW IN COURT A Las Vegas justice of the peace issued an ultimatum Tuesday when the daughter of Los Angeles Police Chief Bernard Parks failed to appear on drug charges. Michelle Lynette Parks, 37, was scheduled to appear before Justice of the Peace Nancy Oesterle to enter pleas on cocaine sales and trafficking charges. She has been free on her own recognizance. Oesterle set a new hearing for Oct. 13 and said she would issue a bench warrant for Parks if she did not show up. Her attorney, Robert Lanyford, said it is typical for the attorney to make initial appearances, such as he did Tuesday. He would not say why Parks did not make Tuesday's appearance. From Register news services

Cannabis Camouflage ('The Arizona Republic' Notes There Are A Lot Of Jerks
Out There Who Are Stealing From Gilbert Area Farmer Malcolm Scott
And His 40-Acre Crop Of Kenaf, A Plant Grown For Fiber That Looks Like
Marijuana And Is Included In The US Department Of Agriculture's List
Of Preferred Alternative Crops)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 08:23:28 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US AZ: Cannabis Camouflage
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Arizona Republic (AZ)
Contact: Opinions@pni.com
Website: http://www.azcentral.com/news/
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sep 1998
Author: Edythe Jensen The Arizona Republic


Gilbert area farmer Malcolm Scott gives visitors a quick disclaimer about
his 40-acre crop: "It's not what you think it is."

Tell that to the drivers who put on the brakes and tiptoe out of their cars
to snatch a few leaves from what looks like a giant field of healthy
marijuana plants along Warner Road near 178th Street.

Or the do-gooders who call the sheriff's office to report some criminal

Scott, however, isn't harvesting that kind of weed. What he is sowing is
cannabis hibiscus, otherwise known as kenaf, a close relative of the illegal
cannabis sativa but without the hallucinogenic properties.

A hardy fiber crop that's drought- and pest-resistent, kenaf is on a U.S.
Department of Agriculture list of preferred alternative crops, authorities

According to the USDA, kenaf stalks can be used to make paper, cloth, animal
bedding, cat litter, plastics extenders, oil slick absorbers, livestock feed
and packing material.

"It is a problem for people who try to use it as a controlled substance,"
said Robert Armstrong, a USDA official in Washington, D.C.

Armstrong, who heads USDA's Alternative Agriculture Research Corp., says his
office has received reports that young thieves who tried to smoke the crop
got nothing more than inflammed throats and irritated airways.

Scott said he doesn't know if any of his passers-by-turned-thieves inhale.

"But," he added, "my neighbor said he'd like to have a nickel for everybody
he sees stopping to take some."

Nearly identical in appearance to marijuana plants, kenaf has seven instead
of five parts to its leaves.

"It took me two years of growing it to figure that out" Scott said of the

Olgia Scott drove into son Malcolm's driveway Tuesday and ran over to the
irrigation ditch to announce the latest visitor.

"Somebody in a company truck is out there trying to collect some marijuana!"
She laughed.

Sgt. Dave Trombi of the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office said dispatchers
have received numerous calls "reporting a marijuana field" on Scott's farm.

"But we've been out there," he noted, "and we know it's not the case."

Although the kenaf thieves can't be arrested on drug charges, Trombi said
they can be arrested for theft.

Olgia, and her husband of 58 years, Jessie, moved to the East Valley from
New Mexico in 1950 and bought 300 acres near Gilbert and Mesa to farm
cotton. She is pleased that her son has found a crop with more potential for

A graduate of Texas A&M University, Malcolm sought advice from university
experts a few years ago after drought conditions forced him to stop a
portion of his farming operation on leased land in the Gila River Indian

"I became good friends with those people, and I made a promise to them that
when I found something profitable, I'd come back," he said.

After three years of experimenting with kenaf, Scott and the Gila River
Community are ready to plant thousands of acres on the reservation next
year. Construction will begin in April on Arizona's first kenaf processing
plant near Sacaton.

Scott's first harvests will eventually be turned into soft, splinter-free
animal bedding, but the dried stalks will be stored pending construction of
the Gila River processing plant.

The versatile crop can be cut with traditional corn harvesting equipment and
stored for years without spoiling, he said.

For Armstrong, kenaf has more global implications.

"One of our mandates is to expand the crop base and replace our
petrolium-based economy with a bio-based economy," he said. "We're trying to
save the world here.

"Eighty percent of the U.S. crops today are corn, wheat or soybeans. We're
setting ourselves up for a bit of a genetic disaster if we don't expand the
crop base."

Edythe Jensen can be reached at 444-7939 or at edythe.jensen@pni.com.

Man Carrying Only Herbs Charged With Driving Under The Influence
(A 'Houston Chronicle' Update On The Case Of George Singleton Of Vermont -
Originally Busted While Driving Through Oklahoma, The African-American
With Dreadlocks Spent 25 Days In Jail Charged With Possessing 'An Imitation
Controlled Substance' - Medicinal Rosemary And Mullein - And Faces
A Court Date Thursday On Charges That He Was Intoxicated While Driving
Under Their Influence)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 17:53:35 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US VT: Man Carrying Only Herbs
Charged With Driving Under The Influence
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sep 1998
Source: Houston Chronicle (TX)
Contact: viewpoints@chron.com
Website: http://www.chron.com/


MONTPELIER, Vt. (AP) -- George Singleton was driving from California, where
he was working with inner-city gangs, back to his organic farm in Vermont
when an Oklahoma state trooper pulled him over.

Trooper Alvin Lavender told him he was speeding and weaving, Singleton says.
A bag of what looked like marijuana was seized. Singleton, 49, was jailed on
suspicion of possession of a controlled substance.

But his blood tests for intoxicating substances came back negative. And the
marijuana turned out to be organically grown rosemary and mullein, common
herbs that Singleton said he uses to treat his tuberculosis.

He was never charged with speeding or a drug offense after the stop in
February, though he still faces a court date Thursday in Oklahoma.

The charge: driving under the influence of an intoxicating substance. This
despite the tests showing no intoxicating substance in his blood.

"He's not guilty of anything but being black and having ... dreadlocks and
driving in Oklahoma," said his lawyer, Jim Hadley of Vinita, Okla.

Singleton said he is convinced he was pulled over because he fit the
"profile" of a drug suspect.

Gene Haynes, the district attorney in Craig County, Okla., acknowledged, "It
is an unusual case because of the fact that we don't have proof of any
illegal substance." But he told the Tulsa World, "We're continuing to pursue
it because we feel he was under some type of influence that rendered him a
danger on the roadway."

The trooper reported that Singleton was unsteady on his feet and had
bloodshot eyes and slurred speech.

Singleton, 49, runs an organic farm in Dummerston. He helped found
Hope-LA-USA in 1992, a national group that tries to get teen-age gang
members involved in organic gardening. He also has an East Coast office.

After his arrest, Singleton spent 25 days in jail.

Singleton said that at one point, he was told he would be charged with
carrying "an imitation controlled substance," a crime under Oklahoma law.
But his lawyer said the authorities later decided that rosemary and mullein
would be a poor imitation.

Singleton said he brews the rosemary into tea and smokes the mullein, a tall
wildflower of the figwort family.

If convicted of driving under the influence, Singleton could get a year in
jail and a $1,000 fine. He is also accused of failing to display current
license tags.

Singleton's lawyer said the district attorney told him last week that the
state was willing to reduce the charge to careless driving, impose a $50
fine and court costs of less than $100. Hadley said he and Singleton weren't

"I'm not scared of dealing with fascist government people because that's all
I've been dealing with all my life," Singleton said. "This is normal for me.
This is the dark side of America."

Urban Farmer Uses State Constitution In Court ('Minneapolis Star-Tribune'
Columnist Doug Grow Describes The Appearance Tuesday Of Thomas Wright
Before The Minnesota Supreme Court, Where The Marijuana Cultivator Argued
That His Conviction For Possession Of Marijuana With Intent To Sell
Violated Article 13, Section 7 Of The State Constitution, Which Says,
'Any Person May Sell Or Peddle The Products Of A Farm Or Garden
Occupied And Cultivated By Him Without Obtaining A License')

Date: Sat, 3 Oct 1998 18:17:09 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US MN: Column: Urban Farmer Uses State Constitution In Court
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Chris Wright (TCW@genesis-computer.com)
Pubdate: Wednesday, 30 Sep 1998
Source: Minneapolis Star-Tribune (MN)
Contact: http://www.startribune.com/stonline/html/userguide/letform.html
Website: http://www.startribune.com/
Columnist: Doug Grow, Star Tribune
Note: Our newshawk writes: "If you could help bring attention to this
landmark case being fought in Minnesota I would be grateful." Done!


The Urban Farmer had his day in court Tuesday and it did not appear to go

The Urban Farmer is Thomas Wright. In the summer of 1996 he was growing his
crop of choice, marijuana, in his Minneapolis home. It was an excellent crop.

"Some of the best grown in Minnesota," he said proudly.

But following an anonymous tip to police, Wright was busted, his crop was
destroyed and the Urban Farmer was found guilty in Hennepin County district
court of possession of marijuana with intent to sell. He was fined and
reprimanded but received no jail time.

Many people in such circumstances would have breathed a sigh of relief and
found new crops to plant. But Wright is different from many people. He
seemed to view being busted as an opportunity to prove a constitutional

Wright, 40, spends a lot of time doing such things as reading
constitutions. And it is his belief -- and the belief of his attorney,
Randall Tigue -- that under the Minnesota Constitution it's perfectly legal
for farmers to grow and sell marijuana.

Article 13, Section 7 of the state constitution says: Any person may sell
or peddle the products of a farm or garden occupied and cultivated by him
without obtaining a license therefor . . . .

"I've been preaching for years that Article 13 was there for anyone who
wanted to use it," said Tigue, a frequent defender of unpopular causes.
"It's unrefutable, either legally or logically -- if our judges have the
courage . . . ."

Even Paul Scoggin, the Hennepin County assistant district attorney who
opposed Wright and Tigue in Tuesday's appeal, was intrigued by their
constitutional points.

On the surface, the case has appeal, Scoggin said. "He's not being
frivolous in any shape, manner or form."

Article 13, Section 7 came into existence in 1906, apparently because
Minnesota farmers were outraged by large license fees the city of
Minneapolis was charging them to sell their products on city streets. (At
the time, it should be noted, it was legal to grow marijuana and hemp in
the state. Laws banning marijuana didn't come onto the state scene until

Farmers, who had great political clout in the state in 1906, won the
adoption of Article 13. Ninety-two years later, it is the view of Tigue and
Wright that the only way the state legally can ban growth and distribution
of marijuana is to amend Article 13.

"We would welcome nothing more than a proposed constitutional amendment,"
Tigue said. "That would give us a public debate on marijuana in general."

But if Tigue and Wright had any confidence that the Appeals Court would be
moved by their position, the confidence quickly was dashed. From the outset
of the hearing Tuesday morning, the questions of the three appeals judges,
Gary Crippen, Gordon Schumacher and Roger Klaphake, ranged from skeptical
to incredulous to hostile.

Tigue had barely cleared his throat in preparation when one of the judges
fired off a question about whether people can have farms in the basements
or upper floors of their houses in the city.

"Location is irrelevant," Tigue answered, adding that it would be perfectly
permissible for somebody to grow blueberries in his basement and sell them
on the corner.

Tigue started his argument again and another judge fired off a question
about whether farmers could sell "adulterated" beef?" Tigue, growing
slightly exasperated, suggested that Minnesota farmers growing marijuana
"can't sell adulterated marijuana, either."

The judges who were so quick to interrupt Tigue listened closely to the
points put forward by Scoggin, who argued that Article 13 never was meant
to exclude issues such as the health and safety of the people. He also
talked of how constitutions are balancing documents. In Article 1, Section
1, Scoggin noted, the constitution declares that one of the prime reasons
the state exists is to protect the health and safety of the people.

Scoggin concluded that if Tigue and the Urban Farmer want the growth and
sale of marijuana to be legalized they should take their case to the
Legislature, not the courts.

The judges all but applauded Scoggin, though they somberly told Tigue and
Wright that they'd think about the case and come to a decision at a later

"I'd say that was a fairly skeptical court," Tigue admitted at the end of
the hearing. "We were here to see if there was the political will in the
court to do something that it ought to do."

Wright seemed frustrated, though mellow.

"I believe in the constitution of Minnesota," Wright said. "They hold me to
observance of the law, but if I try to hold them to observance of the law,
nothing happens."

(c) Copyright 1998 Star Tribune.

No Justification For Continuing War On Marijuana (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Daily Gazette' In Schenectady, New York, Says It's Time To Bury
The Fiction That Smoking Pot Is Bad)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 17:48:35 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US NY: PUB LTE: No Justification
For Continuing War On
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Walter F. Wouk
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sep 1998
Source: Daily Gazette (Schenectady, NY)
Contact: gazette@dailygazette.com
Website: http://www.dailygazette.com
Author: Thomas Ellis


The war on drugs, especially marijuana, is among the stupidest
policies the federal and state governments have ever undertaken. Half
a million people in the United States will be arrested this year for
marijuana possession.

There are about 70 million living Americans who have smoked hemp (and
inhaled). I imagine most of them have gotten bored with pot, or lost
interest in it for some reason or another, but tens of millions of
Americans are smoking it this year.

It is time to bury the fiction that smoking pot is bad. Most people
who smoke hemp do so because it is fun. Having an altered state of
consciousness - at least occasionally - is good.

While working as a substitute teacher years ago, students would often
ask me about marijuana. I said the most dangerous things about
marijuana are that it is illegal and it may have been sprayed with
deadly herbicides. I would rather see a 16-year-old getting high once
or twice a week on pot than smoking a pack of Winstons a day or
getting drunk every weekend. Tobacco and alcohol are addictive and can
kill you, but not marijuana.

I do not recommend marijuana for everyone. Some people cannot handle
it well. I have seen more than a few people waste 10 or 20 years of
their lives smoking pot daily, and amounting to nothing. But I know
just as many people who smoke it daily or frequently, and work regular
jobs, pay taxes, own or rent houses, raise good kids, and contribute
positively to their communities.

If one reads American, European, or Asian history, one will see that
hemp has been cultivated for centuries and used for dozens of
products, including paper, fuel, cooking oil, rope, clothing and
medicine. Hemp is an incredibly versatile weed.

Instead of the now-common middle-aged politicians describing their
past marijuana use as a "youthful indiscretion," I look forward to the
day when electoral candidates have the guts to say, "I smoked pot, had
lots of fun doing it, and I do not care if you do." It is time to
re-legalize marijuana.


Decriminalize Marijuana (A List Subscriber Publicizes An Online Petition
To Reform Marijuana Laws, Sponsored By E-ThePeople.Com,
A Nonpartisan Web Service Promoting Communication
Between Citizens And Government)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 18:01:44 -0400
Sender: owner-hemp@efn.org
From: Arthur.Livermore@www.nynow.com
To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Subject: Decriminalize Marijuana

As the movement to eliminate criminal penalties for the medical use of
cannabis grows, it becomes even more important for everyone to take
every opportunity they can to speak out. By signing this petition, you will
demonstrate that the American public has passed the point of tolerance for
the persecution of suffering people by denying them medication that is safe
and effective. Please sign this petition and then pass it on to at least ten
more friends.

The petition is located at:


Login: Thomas
Password: Jefferson


This petition is hosted by E- The People, http://www.e-thepeople.com, a
nonpartisan Web service promoting communication between citizens and

At E- The People, you can:

-Send a letter to any one of 140,000 local, state, and federal
officials in 7,000 towns and cities!

-Start a petition to fix a pothole or change a policy, and promote it
on our national site!

-Sign a petition about a cause you care about!

E- The People is sponsored by the Alex Sheshunoff Initiative, an
organization dedicated to the empowerment of communities through

War Going On In Internet Poll (List Subscribers Invite You
To Make Your Opinion Known At An Online Survey On 'Whether The US Military
Should Help Combat The Influx Of Illegal Drugs And Immigrants
Along The US-Mexico Border')

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 11:43:10 -0700
To: "DRCTalk Reformers' Forum" (drctalk@drcnet.org)
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: Re: MAP: Re: War Going on in Internet Poll
Reply-To: drctalk@drcnet.org
Sender: owner-drctalk@drcnet.org

It's now Y 237- N 531. A surprising Yes turnout. There is a concerted
effort by the opposition here unless I miss my guess. If you haven't voted
please do so. This is a great way to influence newspapers.

At 06:21 AM 9/30/98 -0500, adbryan@onramp.net wrote:
The drug warriors are REALLY losing now.

Here are the totals as of 6am (9-30-98). I believe this poll
will run the rest of the week. When it is over, we should
cruise the comments area and recruit new members and have
fun sending the drug warriors email countering whatever
they have to say.

Vote Totals:
Yes=151 (26 %)
No=432 (74 %)
Not Sure=2 (0 %)

Either the poll is rigged, or we have an
internet poll war going on with the drug
warrior types. The current totals as of
4:10PM are as follows:

Should the U.S. military help combat the
influx of illegal drugs and immigrants along
the U.S.-Mexico border?

Vote Totals: Yes=130 (64 %)
No=70 (35 %)
Not Sure=2 (1 %)

You can vote by aiming your browser at

Larry Nickerson


Mark Greer

Congress Votes To Let Colleges Tell On Students ('The Washington Post'
Says Congress Has Approved And President Clinton Will Likely Sign Legislation
That Will Allow Colleges To Notify Parents When Students Younger Than 21
Commit A Violation Involving Alcohol Or Other Drugs)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 09:26:32 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: Congress Votes to Let Colleges Tell On Students
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Paul Lewin
Source: Washington Post (DC)
Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm
Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sept 1998
Author: Ann O'Hanlon
Page: B01


Parents Could Be Notified Of Alcohol, Drug Abuses

Congress has approved legislation that would allow colleges to notify
parents when students younger than 21 commit an alcohol or drug violation,
a measure sparked by a string of five alcohol-related deaths on Virginia
campuses last fall.

The bill, which passed the Senate yesterday and the House on Monday, needs
only President Clinton's signature to become law. Clinton said he is likely
to sign the measure.

Current federal law prohibits universities from disclosing their records on
students 18 and older, and most schools interpreted that to mean that they
could not notify parents about a student's drug and alcohol use.

A Virginia task force on college drinking, led by state Attorney General
Mark L. Earley (R), recommended in July that Congress exempt drug and
alcohol records from the privacy requirement. Advocates of the change
argued that many parents have no idea their children are abusing drugs or
alcohol and thus can't intervene to help them. Some advocates also said
that students might think twice about such behavior if they knew that their
parents would be told.

Officials at most Washington area colleges said yesterday that they would
have to study the issue carefully before deciding whether to change their
policies in response to the new legislation.

Under the measure passed by Congress, colleges would be allowed to tell
parents not only about student violations of alcohol and drug laws, but
also about violations of the schools' own rules against drinking and drug use.

Some privacy advocates criticized the legislation, saying that it strips
young adults of their rights.

"It's a ridiculous amendment," said David Banisar, the policy director of
the Electronic Privacy Information Center. "Even drug and alcohol
violations shouldn't override an adult's right to privacy. An adult student
for better or worse is still an adult. . . . This amendment would basically
be turning the university into a babysitter for them."

But Sen. John W. Warner (R-Va.), who sponsored the amendment at Earley's
request, argued that some restrictions on privacy rights are appropriate.

"I just felt we had to make an exception, as much as I believe in personal
freedom," he said. "These situations not only jeopardize the health of the
person who consumes too much alcohol, but that individual in turn can do
harm to others. Why shouldn't a parent be brought in?"

Warner and Earley both said they will encourage Virginia's state colleges
and universities to implement the new policy as soon as the bill becomes law.

Officials at several universities said they now will have to study whether
they want to establish a parental notification rule -- and which students
and which kinds of drug and drinking violations should be covered by such a

"We clearly will be looking at it and trying to figure out when this might
be an appropriate thing to do," said Louise Dudley, director of university
relations at the University of Virginia.

Officials at Radford University, however, did not wait for the federal
okay. This fall they approved a policy of full parental notification, based
on the state task force's recommendation. Virginia Tech considered doing
the same, but decided to wait for congressional action.

"We wanted to ensure that if we put in place a policy that said we would do
that, we would not be in violation of federal law," said Virginia Tech
spokesman Larry Hincker.

In the meantime, new students at the Blacksburg, Va., school were asked to
sign a waiver allowing the school to notify their parents of a drug or
alcohol offense. Now the school will consider toughening that policy.

Officials at the University of Maryland at College Park already were
discussing such a change at the request of several parents, but they said
they have not made a decision.

"We've heard from parents that they would like to be informed in situations
like this," said Andrea Goodwin, coordinator for rights and
responsibilities in the university's department of residence life. "The
students will probably be concerned about it, especially because it would
be a change from our past procedures."

David Z. Rose, 20, a third-year student at U-Va., called the new
legislation a "ridiculous" encroachment on students' rights but said it
will have little or no impact on student behavior.

"No matter what the government does, college students are going to be
college students," he said.

But Darren Freeman, 19, a sophomore at U-Md. at College Park, said the bill
is a change for the better. Freeman, who said he doesn't drink, believes
that a parental notification policy at his campus would affect what
students do.

"I definitely think that -- just the fear of having parents know that
you're breaking a rule or law is certainly a means of controlling," he said.

Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

Senate Resolution Calls For Colleges To Wage War On Binge Drinking
(Related News In 'The Chronicle Of Higher Education')

Date: Fri, 2 Oct 1998 18:17:29 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US WA: Senate Resolution
Calls For Colleges To Wage War On Binge Drinking
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Marcus/Mermelstein Family (mmfamily@ix.netcom.com)
Pubdate: Wednesday, September 30, 1998
Source: Chronicle of Higher Education, The (US)
Contact: editor@chronicle.com
Website: http://chronicle.com/
Author: Leo Reisberg


The Senate approved a resolution Tuesday urging college administrators to
take specific steps to combat binge drinking. The measure, sponsored by Sen.
Joseph R. Biden, Jr., calls for colleges and universities to appoint
committees to set alcohol regulations, provide alcohol-free social
activities, eliminate sponsorship by beverage companies of on-campus events,
and enforce a zero-tolerance policy against underage drinking.

Growing numbers of colleges have already taken such steps, in response to a
series of high-profile alcohol-related deaths on college campuses in recent

"Last year alone, there were at least 18 college students who died in
binge-drinking incidents -- drinking so much so fast that it literally
killed them," said Mr. Biden, a Delaware Democrat. "They were not the only
kids who suffered from excessive drinking. You can bet that at the very
least, if a student lives in a dorm room next to a binge drinker, he or she
won't get many peaceful nights of sleep and study. It is time to get smart."

Mr. Biden cited the efforts of the University of Delaware, which has
recently stiffened its penalties and changed its judicial system.

The resolution was part of the bill to extend the Higher Education Act.

Copyright 1998 by The Chronicle of Higher Education

Methadone program planned to counter heroin (An Associated Press article
in The Seattle Times covers General Barry McCaffrey's speech yesterday
before the American Methadone Treatment Association in New York,
where he outlined plans to allow physicians to prescribe and dispense
Link to earlier story
From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net) To: "-News" (when@hemp.net) Subject: methadone program planned to counter heroin Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 18:00:19 -0700 Sender: owner-when@hemp.net Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company Posted at 06:53 a.m. PDT; Wednesday, September 30, 1998 Health Expanded methadone program planned to counter heroin by Beth J. Harpaz The Associated Press NEW YORK - The White House plan to help heroin addicts sounds simple: Doctors would dispense methadone, a synthetic substance designed to lessen heroin cravings, in their offices for the first time. But for now, the new policy doesn't include any money - just a government endorsement for improving and expanding the use of methadone. "Methadone treatment is simply not available for Americans in all parts of the country in a manner called for by rational drug policy. We've got to do better," Gen. Barry McCaffrey, the national drug-policy director, told a meeting of the American Methadone Treatment Association in New York yesterday. There are an estimated 810,000 chronic heroin users in the United States, but only about 115,000 are receiving methadone. It is dispensed at about 900 clinics only at certain times, making it hard for some addicts to hold jobs and get treatment. In announcing the policy, McCaffrey said study after study has shown that methadone not only eliminates the misery of heroin addiction but makes it possible for addicts to lead productive lives, hold down jobs and stay away from crime. Eventually, McCaffrey said, individual doctors would be licensed to dispense methadone outside of clinics. The policy for the first time would also establish an accreditation process for methadone clinics and set standards for effective dosages, counseling and care. Asked about federal funds for implementing the policy, McCaffrey said, "The money will follow; first, the policy."

A Clean And Sober NBA (An op-ed in The Washington Post
by General Barry McCaffrey, the White House drug czar, says professional
basketball players should be drug tested for marijuana.)

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 17:50:26 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US WP: A Clean And Sober NBA
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Paul Lewin
Pubdate: Wed, 30 Sept 1998
Source: Washington Post (DC)
Contact: http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/edit/letters/letterform.htm
Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/
Author: Barry McCaffrey
Section: A17


There is tragic irony in the fact that the same game that provided
many of the players in the National Basketball Association a way out
of drug-infested neighborhoods has now become a symbol of drug use. As
Darcy Frey writes in his book "The Last Shot," for many young people
growing up in tough neighborhoods "there is basketball, and when that
doesn't work out, there is drugs." Now a significant number of NBA
players, it seems, escaped the streets only to move up the social
ladder of drug use.

Sadly, the league that once embodied their dreams now provides a safe
haven for drug abuse, a culture that effectively encourages it, a
large bankroll to support it, and maybe a habit that will eventually
destroy them.

According to some estimates, as many as 70 percent of NBA players may
be current drug users. Marijuana, which players can use with impunity
from league sanctions because it is not prohibited under the existing
NBA rules, accounts for the bulk of this use (making it routine for
players to build an addiction bad enough to run afoul of the law
before their problem receives attention).

To their credit, NBA Commissioner David Stern and the league have made
it clear the marijuana loophole must close. But the NBA Players'
Association has refused to go along with this effort so far. This
impasse has been one factor in the lockout that now threatens the
1998-99 season.The NBA and the players need to break this stalemate
and craft an effective drug policy that is fair to all -- the league,
the players, the fans, the game and our children.

Youth drug use is driven by attitudes; drug use by NBA players sends
the wrong message to our nation's children. Millions of young people
emulate these sports heroes -- from their free throw stance to their
drug use. When young people see elite athletes using drugs, they get
the false message that they can use drugs and still be winners. Worse
yet, they fail to grasp the risks drugs pose to their lives, health
and dreams.

And the risks here are real. As the Len Bias tragedy shows, drugs can
kill. Studies also show that marijuana and other drugs increase a
ballplayer's likelihood of a career-ending injury. One reason injuries
increase is that drug use impairs coordination and athletic abilities,
which for many players may mean the difference between riding the NBA
bench and walking hard streets. The impacts go beyond the individual
player; everyone around him is affected. Team morale and achievement
suffer when drug use compromises the game of a player. The fans, who
pay to watch these players at their best, are shortchanged.

These risks trickle down to all the youngsters trying to make the NBA
grade; think of how many young people blow a chance at the big league
when they fall into drug use. And when basketball no longer offers an
opportunity to make it -- into the league, or to college or to a
better job in a better place -- more children will turn to drugs
instead of sport.

The prevalence of drug use in basketball also diminishes the stature
of the game and the men who play it. Parents, whose primary concern
today is youth drug use, do not want to pay ever increasing ticket
prices to raise the stature of athletes who, in effect, promote drug

Some players are trying to change the game's reputation. For example,
the New York Knicks' Charlie Ward has spoken out strongly against
drugs. The San Antonio Spurs' David Robinson has helped organize
anti-drug programs for kids. And Charles Barkley, noted for his
role-model reticence, has called for a Draconian NBA drug-testing scheme.

Others, however, continue to display an above-the-law attitude about
drugs. The league needs to join the millions of Americans who work in
drug-free workplaces -- and for wages far less than the average NBA
player's $2.6 million salary. Roughly 70 percent of full-time adult
American workers are employed by companies that have drug-free
workplace programs. A 1995 Gallup poll found that 72 percent of
Americans want drug testing in their workplace. Sixty-seven percent
supported random drug testing by employers. Sixty-one percent of
people believe that professional athletes should be subject to more
significant penalties if they fail a drug test.

As these results reflect, in the eyes of most Americans, ending drug
use in the NBA is not about imposing a higher standard; it is about
asking athletes to meet the same bare minimum standard that applies to
our society as a whole.

The NBA and the players need to develop a strengthened drug policy
that, among other things, closes the marijuana loophole and provides
standards for effective drug testing. The policy should be based on
fairness; like any good drug-free workplace program it should apply to
everyone -- from the players to management. It also should be part of
a comprehensive program that focuses on prevention and treatment, but
holds out sanctions where appropriate. Such a change in approach is
overdue and must result from this round of talks.

The writer is director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy.

Senator Jesse Helms Agrees, Legalize It - Signs on to SJR 56
to Reschedule Nationally (A news bulletin from the web site of Californians
for Compassionate Use has an original spin on the intent of Senate Joint
Resolution 56, the supposed anti-medical marijuana resolution.
In this interpretation, SJR 56 is seen as a first step toward the federal
rescheduling of marijuana because it supports the existing legal process
for determining the safety and efficacy of drugs, and calls for a report
from the FDA in 90 days.)

Californians for Compassionate Use

San Francisco, CA
Lake County Farm, Lower Lake, CA
(707) 994-1901 Fax: (707) 994-2165
E-mail: cbc@marijuana.org

For Immediate Release: September 30th, 1998

Senator Jesse Helms Agrees, Legalize It - Signs on to SJR 56 to
Reschedule Nationally.

Washington, DC - It's official! Senator Jesse Helms (R-NC) is
cosponsoring S.J.R. 56 as of Tuesday (9/29). This is significant because
S.J.R. 56 is seen by many as the first step toward federal rescheduling
of marijuana to allow for prescriptive access nationwide. The measure
supports "existing legal process for determining the safety and
efficacy of drugs, including marijuana and other schedule I drugs, for
medicinal use."

S.J.R. 56 then goes on to call for a report from the FDA, due in 90 days
that could recommend moving marijuana to schedule two of the Controlled
Substances Act. This conclusion is the most probable in light of the DEA
decision of several months ago to support such a recommendation from the
FDA. What a nice Christmas present...

DrugSense Weekly, Number 66 (An Original Summary Of Drug Policy News,
Including The Feature Article, A Review Of The Book 'Shattered Lives'
By Mikki Norris And Chris Conrad; With The Recent Week's News In Review,
Including The Legal Battle Over Constiutional Rights Occasioned By The War
On Drugs, Prisons, The Annals Of Interdiction, Medical Marijuana, And Mexico,
Plus International News - Other Features Include Hot Off The 'Net - Drug War
Graphical Charts Site; Medical Marijuana Petition; E-Thepeople Site;
DrugSense Tip Of The Week - The MapNews Service; Quote Of The Week -
Thomas Jefferson; Fact Of The Week - The 'Gateway Theory')

Date: Wed, 30 Sep 1998 13:08:13 -0700
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: DrugSense Weekly, September 30, 1998, No. 66




DrugSense Weekly, September 30, 1998 No. 66
A DrugSense publication



* Feature Article

Book Review: Shattered Lives
by Mikki Norris and Chris Conrad

* Weekly News In Review

*Constitutional Guarantees-

Drug Search Barred at Fed Buildings
Editorial: Search for Justice?


In The Joint on The Job
Report: Gap In Education, Prison Funds
Seeing Through the Illusions of the Prison-industrial Complex
Prison Growth Stealing Funds From Schools, Activists Say

Annals of Interdiction-

US General Sees Turning of Corner in Colombia
Admiral James M. Loy, USCG, On the Western Hemisphere
Drug Elimination Act
New Drug Strategy Sought

Medical Marijuana-

UCSF Study Backs Claim Pot Kills Pain
UK - Don't Go Soft on Cannabis


Drug Gangs Devastate Indian Villages In Baja
Salinas Warns Mexico Against Drug Probe
OPED: Mexico Battles Plague of Corruption
Mexico: In Celebration Of Drug Smugglers

International News-

Use Of Crack Increases to Record Level
UK: Drugs Seizures Double
UK: Police in Seven Forces Investigated for Drugs, Bribery and Robberies
Canada: Kids Reported Used As Drug Mules
Australia: Easy Street For Hard Drugs

* Hot Off The 'Net

Drug War Graphical Charts Site
MMJ Petition
E-Thepeople Site

* DrugSense Tip Of The Week

The MAPNews Service

* Quote of the Week

Thomas Jefferson

* Fact of the Week

The "Gateway Theory"



Editor's Note: We don't normally insert a book review as our feature
article but we feel that "Shattered Lives" deserved a little
attention. This is a quality publication that puts a face on the drug
war and its victims. It includes pictures of both victims and
families, horror stories, and personal accounts of the devastation
caused by the "War on Drugs" and is a very effective tool for quickly
converting the uninformed, apathetic, or "fence sitters."

We encourage our readers to both obtain a copy and to consider
"Shattered Lives" as a holiday gift to someone who needs to realize
how the drug war is destroying our country and our freedoms.

"SHATTERED LIVES" (the book)

A wake-up call to every American.

Shattered Lives, Portraits from Americas Drug War

By the creators of Human Rights and the Drug War: Mikki Norris, Chris
Conrad and Virginia Resner

"The federal agents promised that if I refused to help them gain the
information against my husband, they would destroy my life. This they

Amy Pofahl, age 37

Meet Amy Ralston Pofahl, a victim of overzealous law enforcement. They
took her home, her business, her bank savings even her wedding ring. Now
they have her life. Amy is seven years into a 24-year sentence for a
crime she did not commit her estranged husband's conspiracy to import
and manufacture MDMA (ecstasy).

In the name of the Drug War, families are being torn apart, children
orphaned, and homes and property seized as first-time, non-violent drug
offenders are thrown into U.S. prisons, serving harsh sentences of 10,
20 years and longer.

Learn how we got here, the costs and the statistics, and what can still
be done to bring a just end to what has become America's longest war.

In this photo essay, you will see the faces and read the compelling
stories of America's new POWs. Your image of the Drug War may never be
the same...

1998. ISBN 0-9639754-3-9. Paperback. 12 color pages.
Mail check or money order for $19.95 + $3.95 s/h.to:
Creative Xpressions
PO Box 1716, El Cerrito CA 94530

Toll-free credit card ordering 888-265-2732

Wholesale/distributor inquiries: 510-215-8326




Constitutional Guarantees-



Two Ninth Circuit decisions affected police powers; one, which refused
to allow a check for weapons at federal buildings to be routinely
expanded into a search for drugs was a victory for common sense. This
was offset by another case in which the court gave police carte
blanche to perform unannounced searches on parolees. These will, of
necessity, intrude on the privacy of their families or living
companions as well.



SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Heightened security rules for searches at federal
buildings imposed after the Oklahoma City bombing are
unconstitutionally allowing guards to look for drugs, a federal appeals
court ruled Thursday.

The rules must be narrowed to allow only searches for weapons and
explosives, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said in a case from
Hawaii. Officers would still be allowed to seize any contraband they
see in plain view while looking for dangerous objects, said lawyers in
the case.


Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Thu, 17 Sep 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n828.a03.html



A troubling California Supreme Court ruling on Monday could encroach on
Americans' protection from unreasonable searches and seizures under the
U.S. Constitution's Fourth Amendment.


The case under review involves the rights of parolees from prison and
people they associate with.

The ruling enlarges police powers at the expense of private citizens'
rights and, once again, that expansion of power is tied to waging the
war on drugs.


Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 23 Sep 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n836.a03.html





A report by the Criminal Justice Foundation directed attention to the
oft-forgotten conflict between higher education and prisons. The
Foundation was headquartered in San Francisco before moving to
Washington; with Berkeley also hosting a symposium on prison issues,
it isn't surprising that Bay Area newspapers produced three excellent
articles on the subject.

One reports on the marked increase in prison labor, one is devoted to
the foundation's report (plus a lame rebuttal from Wilson's office);
the third is an excellent op-ed by Angela Davis. Her detailed analysis
is right on the money; unfortunately her Sixties reputation may lead
some to deny it the attention it deserves. She points out that
continuing prison expansion has the potential to unite many disparate
grass roots organizations in opposition to further expansion.

Finally, a very cogent overview is supplied by a the Chicago Tribune,
which gives a good appraisal of the connection between the report and
the Berkeley conference. Expect incarceration to receive more press
attention as prison rolls increase; especially if gross tax revenues
should diminish.



State prisons staff $155 million-a-year enterprise with inmates

Behind razor wire and lethal electric fences at more than 70 factories
in California lies a hidden industrial empire, churning out an
astonishing array of goods ranging from eyeglasses and flags to chairs
and muumuus.

It makes things that even Sears Roebuck & Co. does not usually stock,
like the ``bear proof'' locker for $425. Many prices are hard to beat -
women's blue jeans for $12.10, men's shoes $31.25, 100 percent cotton
nightgowns for $8.25.

The home of this $155 million-a-year enterprise is the California state
prison system, viewed by most people as the maker of license plates,
not a vast network of modern industrial plants producing 24,000
varieties of 1,800 different items.


Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Contact: chronletters@sfgate.com
Website: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/
Pubdate: 21 Sep 1998
Page A17
Author: Charles Burress, Chronicle Staff Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n832.a03.html



Wilson's Office Calls Study `Drivel'

Under the administration of Gov. Pete Wilson, more state tax dollars
have gone to prisons and corrections than to the state's top two
college systems - a gap that has never been wider in at least 30 years
- according to a study released Tuesday.

The report, which was quickly denounced by Wilson's office, was issued
by a liberal think tank called the Justice Policy Group, and it cited a
growing trend across the United States to spend on corrections, not


Pubdate: Wed, 23 Sep 1998
Source: Examiner, The (Ireland)
Contact: exam_letters@examiner.ie
Author: Brian Carroll, Security Correspondent
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n828.a04.html



(Angela Y. Davis is History of Consciousness professor at the
University of California - Santa Cruz and an organizer of the upcoming
conference Critical Resistance: Beyond the Prison Industrial Complex.
An earlier version of this article appeared in Colorlines magazine.)

Imprisonment has become the response of first resort to the problems
facing people living in poverty. Our prisons thus appear to perform a
feat of magic. But prisons do not disappear problems - they disappear
human beings. And the practice of disappearing vast numbers of people
from poor, immigrant, and racially marginalized communities has
literally become big business.


Source: San Jose Mercury News (CA)
Contact: letters@sjmercury.com
Website: http://www.sjmercury.com/
Pubdate: 21 Sep 1998
Page C-1
Author: Angela Davis
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n832.a02.html



LOS ANGELES -- During the 1960s and early '70s as college students were
protesting the Vietnam War, another movement began pushing its way to
the fore: prisoner rights.

Inspired in part by Angela Davis, the young black militant who was
imprisoned before being acquitted of kidnapping and murder charges in
1972, the movement focused on overcrowding, rapes and other inhumane
conditions in the nation's jails and prisons.


Davis, 53, a professor at the University of California at Santa Cruz,
as well as college students and other former prisoners, have scheduled
a conference this weekend at UC-Berkeley titled "Critical Resistance:
Beyond the Prison Industrial Complex" to draw attention to the issue.

The conference is expected to call for a moratorium on prison
construction and a focus on preventive measures to keep people out
of prison.


Source: Chicago Tribune (IL)
Contact: tribletter@aol.com
Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/
Pubdate: 23 Sept 1998
Author: V. Dion Haynes
Section: Metro Chicago


Annals of Interdiction



As the implementation of drug prohibition falls increasingly under
military control it's to be expected that, despite what McCzar says,
the "war" in drug war will become less a metaphor and more a realistic
descriptive term. Evidence for this can be found in statements made
last week by two serving officers; first McC's successor as head of
the Southern Command weighed in with an assessment of the Colombian
quagmire which was eerily reminiscent of Westmoreland-. Don't these
guys read history?

The second came from the head of the Coast Guard, who in classic
bureaucratic jargon, told Congress that he loved their concept of
purging drugs from the Western Hemisphere, but needed more dough to do
the job right.

Finally, we have McCzar himself, clearly unwilling to give up the idea
of interdiction, but smart enough not to say anything too stupid. He
seems to be hoping for a high-tech magic bullet which will somehow
detect drugs without slowing the commercial flows that NAFTA demands.
Lots of luck, general.



KEY WEST, Fla. (Reuters) - The general leading the United States' war
against the Latin American drugs trade said Thursday the situation was
looking better in frontline Colombia, where American personnel have
been helping the beleaguered military against traffickers' armies.

Marine General Charles Wilhelm, commander in chief of the U.S. Southern
Command (SOUTHCOM), said that with a new president and a change in the
armed forces leadership, there were signs Colombia was "turning the


Source: Reuters
Pubdate: Fri, 18 Sep 1998
Author: By Angus MacSwan
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n827.a09.html



Good morning, Mr. Chairman Grassley, Chairman Coverdell, and
distinguished Committee and Caucus members. It is a pleasure to appear
before you today to comment on Coast Guard drug interdiction and the
proposed Western Hemisphere Drug Elimination Act.

I applaud the Act's goal of strengthening our Nation's counterdrug
effort. This legislation recognizes that the security of our maritime
borders is a critical component of a balanced national strategy to
reduce drug use and its destructive consequences.


First and foremost the Coast Guard must be able to maintain current
Services for all mission areas in fiscal year 1999 as requested by The
President. As a 3-year authorization, this legislation could result in
outyear funding risks. Without adequate outyear funding, I will not be
able to operate additional assets or to sustain the operational
increases for assets now in the Coast Guard inventory.


Source: Congressional Testimony
Pubdate: 16 Sep 1998
Website: http://www.senate.gov/~foreign/loy.htm
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n834.a06.html



Director wants single official to coordinate border operations

New York Times WASHINGTON - U.S. border inspectors searched slightly
more than a million commercial trucks and railway cars entering the
United States from Mexico last year. They found cocaine stashed in
cargo compartments on only six occasions, said Gen. Barry McCaffrey,
the White House director of drug-control policy.


He said that more efficient cooperation and superior technology were
needed to interdict illegal drugs at the southwestern border and its 24
ports of entry and 39 other sanctioned crossing points.

Buying more sophisticated radar, scanning and night-vision equipment,
he said, would cost a fraction of the $2 billion that the government
already spends annually to combat border smuggling.

"I'm not talking about the Marshall Plan," McCaffrey said. "I'm talking
about better organization."


Source: Houston Chronicle (TX)
Contact: viewpoints@chron.com
Website: http://www.chron.com/
Pubdate: Sun, 20 Sep 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n831.a09.html


Medical Marijuana



Without a doubt, the story of the week was the report from UCSF that
animal studies support the concept that cannabinoids reduce pain by
acting on specific neural pathways in a fashion similar to, but
demonstrably separate from, opioids. This will be pure gold in arguing
for passage of medical marijuana initiatives. The story, broken by the
afternoon Examiner, was picked up around the world; as were comments
by the Marijuana Policy Project. Maybe we're finally seeing some
balance in the coverage of drug issues.

Even though the article from the UK was posted late, the views of
British LEOs dovetail so well with the logic of American sheriffs on
medical marijuana and the need for prisons that I just had to include
it. Clearly the prison-industrial complex is an idea with an international



Research adds to evidence drug is medically useful

A circuit in the brain stem that is switched on and off by the active
ingredient in marijuana is the latest in a mounting pile of scientific
evidence pointing to the drug's ability to kill pain, a new UC-San
Francisco study said Wednesday.

The substance, a synthetic form of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), has an
effect similar to morphine in an area at the base of the skull that is
known to block pain impulses.

Importantly, researchers found that the substance uses a different way
to trigger the blockage, suggesting that marijuana-like drugs might be
developed as effective painkillers without the unwanted side effects of


Five states and the District of Columbia have initiatives on the
November ballot similar to California's Proposition 215, which allows
seriously ill patients to grow and use marijuana for pain relief, with
a doctor's recommendation, without being prosecuted under state law.

To cannabis advocates like Chuck Thomas of the Marijuana Policy
Project, the study is further proof that the thousands of people with
cancer, AIDS and other diseases who are using the drug to feel better
are on the right track.

"These patients are not stupid and should not be going to jail," Thomas


Source: San Francisco Examiner (CA)
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com/
Pubdate: September 23, 1998
Author: Ulysses Torassa, Examiner Medical Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n827.a01.html



THE Government is being urged not to legalize the use of cannabis for
medical treatment.

Police chiefs are strongly opposed to the move on the grounds that drug
users will escape prosecution for possession by claiming they are
undergoing treatment.

The Police Superintendents' Association, meeting in Bristol this week,
will ask home Secretary Jack Straw to fund research into the
therapeutic uses of cannabis so that proper controls can be introduced.
It points to the American experience where police have given up
prosecuting drug users in some states because courts routinely accept
medical usage as a defence.


The superintendents - the frontline operational managers of the police
service - are also set for confrontation with ministers over plans to
reduce the prison population and save money by finding alternatives to
custodial sentences. The central theme of their annual conference will
be a debate on the subject Does Prison Work? At which controversial
former Director-General of the Prison service, Derek Lewis, will be a
guest speaker.

The president, Superintendent Peter Gammon, is expected to tell the
Home Secretary that prison is the only acceptable penalty for
persistent offenders even if their crimes are not serious.


Pubdate: 13 Sep 1998
Source: The Mail on Sunday (UK)
Author: Chester Stern, Crime Correspondent
Contact : letters@mailonsunday.co.uk
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n839.a06.html





Mexican events continued to embarrass the American drug war; the man
thought to be the main target in last week's shocking mass
assassination was, in addition to being a successful drug trafficker,
also an indigenous person from a tribe with an unsettled relationship
with both drugs and trafficking. That relationship was examined in a
long NYT article.

Exiled ex- President, Carlos Salinas, now living in Dublin reacted
strongly to Swiss allegations (they are investigating banking
violations) of his brother's complicity in drug trafficking. As if
that weren't enough, the article by Holger Jensen describes the
present chaotic state law enforcement agencies south of the border.

A somewhat different perspective is provided by a long article in the
Baltimore Sun describing how narcotrafficantes have come to be revered
as heroes in Culiacan, the smuggling capital of Mexico's wild west.



SANTA CATARINA, Mexico - After five centuries of killing and pestilence
that began with the Spanish conquest, only a few hundred of Baja
California's indigenous people are left alive. And now they are being
hunted down and killed by drug traffickers. The violence began two
years ago when the leader of an indigenous village that resisted
traffickers' efforts to take over communal lands for drug cultivation
was gunned down, along with another Indian, in an ambush along a rural

While some have resisted, other Indians have been seduced by the quick
fortunes that can reward those who manage desert airstrips or offer
other services to the drug cartels. And that has resulted in a string
of killings in the Indian communities that cling to the arid hills 60
miles south of the California border.

The violence took on horrifying new dimensions last week when two entire
families of Indians from the Pai-Pai ethnic group, along with a household
of neighbors, were dragged from their homes and shot to death in a driveway
in Ensenada, a coastal city to which some Indians have migrated. It was
Mexico's worst incident of drug-related bloodshed in memory.


Source: New York Times (NY)
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: 26 Sep 1998
Author: Sam Dillon
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n834.a05.html



MEXICO CITY-Former President Carlos Salinas Gortari lashed out from
his self-imposed 0 seclusion Monday, warning Mexico's top justice
officials that they could be implicated in a widening scandal about
drug trafficking during his administration.

Salinas counterattacked after the leak of a report claiming that his
brother Raul virtually ran narcotics traffic in Mexico during the
1988-94 Salinas presidency. That secret report was drawn up by Swiss
police investigating possible money laundering by Raul Salinas.


His brother also denies criminal activity. But the secret report
prepared by the Swiss police during their three-year investigation
paints a devastating portrait of Raul. Expanding on previously reported
allegations that he was tied to leading drug traffickers, it reportedly
depicts the former president's brother as a virtual godfather.


Pubdate: Tue, 22 Sep 1998
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Author: Mary Beth Sheridan, Times Staff Writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n823.a04.html



Mexico is a country where crooked cops are the norm rather than the
exception and the worst of them prey on the capital.

Authorities in Mexico City admit a daily average of 700 crimes
involving weapons and resulting in the deaths of at least six people.
That's the official figure. The Mexican press says it's much higher.


About 70 policemen are fired every month for failing drug tests. But
police involvement in the drug trade and other crimes is so routine
that only the most horrific raise public ire.


Ideally, says Mexico City's mayor, the only way to reform the force is
to fire all the cops and begin again. But, he points out, "past
administrations have fired thousands and then we just end up with
thousands of armed, unemployed cops on the street, many of whom become


Source: Santa Maria Times (CA)
Contact: Santa Maria Times PO Box 400 Santa Maria, CA 93456-0400
Fax: 1-805-928-5657
Pubdate: Monday, September 21 1998
Section: Opinion, World View, page A-4
Author: Holger Jensen
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n829.a05.html



`Narcoculture': In northwest Mexico, a culture of adoration grows for
narcotics smugglers, who beat the odds by getting their goods across
the border to feed the habits of gringos.

CULIACAN, Mexico - Near the stage at a recent concert by the band Los
Tigres del Norte stand four young men in cowboy boots, large belt
buckles, tight jeans and cowboy hats.

Three are college students - studying computers, architecture and
dentistry - and one is a teacher. But they are dressed like country
boys, as if they were not, in fact, born and raised in Culiacan, a city
of more than 700,000 people, capital of the Pacific coast state of


The "narcocorrido" has become the favored pop music for much of
northwest Mexico. Ballads - telling of bandits or revolutionary heroes
- have been a part of Mexican folk music for at least a century.
Recently, the "narcoballad" has taken over the genre.

Narcocorridos limn the exploits of drug smugglers - executions,
betrayals, shootouts with the "federales" - bloody events set to a
polka beat and obliviously cheerful accordion line.


Source: Baltimore Sun (MD)
Contact: letters@baltsun.com
Website: http://www.sunspot.net/
Pubdate: 21 Sep 1998
Author: Sam Quinones , Special To The Sun
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n823.a10.html


International News



English-speaking nations continue to read a litany of drug war
failures in their daily press; record seizures, record drug use, and
record police corruption. The headlines say it all.



RECORD AMOUNTS of crack cocaine, the highly addictive drug, are
available on the streets of Britain, the Home Office and criminologists
have discovered.


Cocaine seizures by customs and excise have risen sharply in the past
three years, from 940kg in 1995 to 2,074kg last year.


Source: Independent, The (UK)
Contact: letters@independent.co.uk
Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/
Pubdate: Mon, 21 Sep 1998
Author: Jason Bennetto, Crime Correspondent
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n822.a03.html



ILLEGAL drugs with an estimated street value of more than UKP6m were
seized by the RUC last year - double the total for the previous year,
it was revealed today.

The RUC Drug Squad recovered UKP 6,614,955 worth of drugs in 1997,
compared to UKP 3,282,110 in 1996 - a rise of over UKP3m.

In comparison, statistics released in Scotland show UKP 9m of drug
seizures last year in an area roughly three times the size of Northern


Source: Belfast Telegraph
Contact: editor@belfasttelegraph.co.uk
Pubdate: Mon, 21 Sep 1998
Author: Peter McVerry
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n822.a03.html



MORE than 110 police officers in at least seven forces in England and
Wales are being investigated, or face charges, in an unprecedented
series of anti-corruption inquiries.


Superintendent Phil Jones, of Merseyside Police, said the case had
revealed the vulnerability of British police officers to corruption and
the "fabulous" bribes that drug dealers could offer. "Officers have
seen their income decrease sharply as overtime and allowances have been
abolished. At the same time, the money at the disposal of the drug
dealers has become huge. It has not been politically convenient to
accept there is a growing danger of corruption. But this is the
policing issue for the next century."


Source: Independent, The (UK)
Contact: letters@independent.co.uk
Website: http://www.independent.co.uk/
Pubdate: Fri, 25 Sep 1998
Author: Jason Bennetto and Jonathan Foster
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n837.a02.html



TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (Reuters) - Honduran children are being used by
drug gangs to peddle cocaine in Canadian cities, a children's rights
group said yesterday.

Casa Alianza officials said several children from Honduras had
swallowed stones of the drug crack, derived from cocaine, and were
seriously ill in Canadian hospitals after being caught by Vancouver


Source: Toronto Star (Canada)
Contact: lettertoed@thestar.com
Website: http://www.thestar.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 19 September 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n821.a11.html



HARD drugs such as heroin and speed are readily available in Adelaide.

Inquiries by The Advertiser suggest most users have "contacts" from
whom they can easily buy drugs such heroin.

Some dealers are also known to sell drugs in and around hotels,
although the risk of being caught is far higher.


Source: Advertiser, The (Australia)
Contact: advedit@ozemail.com.au
Pubdate: Sat, 19 Sep 1998
Author: Police Reporters, Jeremy Pudney and John Merriman
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n822.a11.html



Thanks to Tom Paine for the following:

Below is a web page of nothing but CHARTS against the Drug War. It has
clickable LINKS and a clickable TABLE OF CONTENTS. It is a
one-of-a-kind compilation, and it succinctly, quickly, and graphically
exposes the truth about the horrors of the U.S. Drug War. Feel free to
use any or all of it in any way anywhere.

C:\eudora\attach\all charts.v3.default font.htm



As the movement to eliminate criminal penalties for the medical use of
cannabis grows, it becomes even more important for everyone to take
every opportunity they can to speak out. By signing this petition, you
will demonstrate that the American public has passed the point of
tolerance for the persecution of suffering people by denying them
medication that is safe and effective. Please sign this petition and
then pass it on to at least ten more friends. Let me know about your

The petition is located at:


Login: Thomas
Password: Jefferson



The petition above is hosted by E-The People,
http://www.e-thepeople.com a nonpartisan Web service promoting
communication between citizens and government.

At E- The People, you can:

-Send a letter to any one of 140,000 local, state, and federal
officials in 7,000 towns and cities!

-Start a petition to fix a pothole or change a policy, and promote it
on our national site!

-Sign a petition about a cause you care about!

E- The People is sponsored by the Alex Sheshunoff Initiative, an
organization dedicated to the empowerment of communities through




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"A strict observance of the written laws is doubtless one of the high
virtues of a good citizen, but it is not the highest. The laws of
necessity, of self-preservation, of saving our country when in danger,
are of higher obligation."

--Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), U.S. president. Letter, 20 Sept. 1810




The "Gateway Theory"

The gateway theory takes a statistical association between an extremely
popular behavior, marijuana use, and an unpopular behavior, cocaine use,
and then implies that one causes the other. There is no evidence to this
assertion, and CASA (National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse)
acknowledges that it has not been able to determine if there is any causal
relationship between the two.

Source: Merrill, J. C. &; Fox., K.S., Cigarettes, Alcohol, Marijuana:
Gateways to Illicit Drug Use, New York, NY : The National Center on
Addiction and Substance Abuse (1994).


DS Weekly is one of the many free educational services DrugSense offers
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