Portland NORML News - Wednesday, August 26, 1998

Re - Dope With Dignity (Two Letters To The Editor Of 'Willamette Week'
Respond To The Newspaper's Article About The Campaign
For The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act)

Willamette Week
822 SW 10th Ave.
Portland, OR 97205
Tel. (503) 243-2122
Fax (503) 243-1115
Letters to the Editor:
Mark Zusman - mzusman@wweek.com
Web: http://www.wweek.com/
Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or
fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street
address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to
letters of 250 words or less.

originally published August 26, 1998


It's the dog days of summer, the doldrums, and of course, time for
Willamette Week to put a pot leaf on the cover ["Dope with Dignity," Aug.
12, 1998]. Always an eye-catcher, that.

The story behind the leaf is a rather limited, yet sincere analysis of
Ballot Measure 67, otherwise known as "The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act"
(OMMA). The Antiprohibition League supports M67 and urges everyone to vote
yes on it.

In fact, we and other groups have already registered and informed thousands
of voters not only about M67, but also about our opposition to Measure 57
(marijuana recrim) and Measure 61 (property crimes mandatory minimums). Our
collective goal is to register 100,000 antiprohibition voters in time for
this November's election. The League's contribution to this effort, limited
as it may be, is all volunteer as usual.

Please remember this last point when M67 detractors try to tell you it has
no grass-roots support. Defeating M57 and M61 and passing M67 are important
League priorities right now, yet they should be kept in perspective to the
bigger drug-policy disaster. Our government--at all levels--is waging an
insane and duplicitous "war" which cost us over $17 billion a year at the
federal level alone. Yet, according to Richard L. Harris, director of Hooper
Detox, which is the largest public treatment provider in town, we don't even
have enough slots in Portland to handle 10 percent of the heroin-addict
population seeking help at any given time. Some of them, as we recently saw,
reach the end of their rope...around their necks hanging from a bridge.

But most hardcore addicts (a minority of all users) just go on committing
petty crimes, going in and out of jail, buying and selling dope to an ever
younger clientele. All at the expense of our collective security and freedom
today, while ensuring yet another generation will propagate America's "drug
problem" well into the next millennium. Ironic that the only groups who
benefit are the drug cops and the drug cartels.

I suggest that is more by design than accident.

Floyd Ferris Landrath, Director
American Antiprohibition League



I cannot recall being angrier during the eight years I've been battling
cancer than I was when I read Multnomah County Sheriff Dan Noelle's quote in
your article on the efforts to legalize marijuana for medical use ["Dope
with Dignity," WW, Aug. 12, 1998]: "If I'm a cancer patient and I convinced
myself a bourbon and cigar would make me feel better, it would."

What a callous, horrible thing to say. The man is clearly an idiot, but that
is no excuse to be completely without compassion for the millions of people
who suffer from the many forms of this terrible disease. No, Sheriff Dan,
bourbon and cigar smoke only help if you're a politician with your head up
your ass. Many of the drugs I'm given to deal with the pain and nausea of
this disease and its treatments are far more addictive and potentially
dangerous than marijuana. If safe and legal pot was made available, I, and
many others, would be grateful for the option.

Steve Sandoz
Southwest Upper Drive

Don't Be Fooled By Marijuana Smoke Screen (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Headlight-Herald' In Tillamook, Oregon, Publicizes
An Anti-Medical-Marijuana Video At The Local Public Utility District
Building, While Spreading Easily Disproved Falsehoods In An Attempt
To Sway Voters Against The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act
And Drum Up Support For Measure 57, The Recrim Referendum)
Link to 'Exposing Marijuana Myths'
Date: Fri, 04 Sep 1998 08:49:41 -0700 To: dpfor@drugsense.org From: Arthur Livermore (alive@pacifier.com) Subject: DPFOR: The LTE "Don't be fooled by marijuana smoke screen" Cc: editor@mapinc.org Sender: owner-dpfor@drugsense.org Reply-To: dpfor@drugsense.org Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/ Source: Headlight-Herald P.O. Box 444 1908 Second Street Tillamook, OR 97141 Website: http://www.orcoastnews.com/headlight/ Headlight@orcoastnews.com (503) 842-7535 (503) 842-8842 fax Publisher: Linda Shaffer Pubdate: August 26, 1998 Two videos opposing legalization of marijuana will be presented at 7 p.m. on Sept. 1 at Tillamook P.U.D. The videos are entitled "The Case Against the Legalization of Drugs" and "Medical Marijuana: A Smoke Screen". The presentation is sponsored by the Republican Central Committee for Tillamook County. The public is invited to attend. On Nov. 3, voters will be asked to consider two ballot measures regarding marijuana use. Ballot Measure 57, if approved, would reduce the charge for possession of a limited amount of marijuana to a class-C misdemeanor. Ballot Measure 67, if approved, would legalize medical use of marijuana. Mollala Police Chief Ron Elkins spoke regarding marijuana at the Aug. 1 Republican State Convention in Portland. Chief Elkins confirmed that Oregon has been targeted as a pilot state by those who wish to legalize all drugs. Elkins urged strongly against legalization. He presented personal testimony of heartbreaking drug use by his own brothers, as well as statistical evidence regarding legalization. Alaska, which made it legal to grow marijuana, saw greatly increased usage. It recently re-criminalized growth of marijuana and is seeing a reduction in usage. Elkins declared that leaders in the drug legalization push intend to show television ads with people "whining" about pain to engineer emotional acceptance of medical use of marijuana. To date there is no reliable medical research to confirm benefits from marijuana. The plant contains 482 dangerous chemicals, and has five times the carcinogens of regular tobacco. Promoters of marijuana argue that it is helpful for AIDS victims, but it is actually an immune system suppressant. Chief Elkins further stated that 80 percent of all people arrested for crime in Oregon test positive for drugs, usually marijuana. Voters are urged to arm themselves with facts before voting. Diane Waldron Bay City, Oregon

Crime And Justice - Black And Blue ('Willamette Week,'
Aspiring To Be The Mouthpiece For Portland's Law Enforcement Community,
Looks At Last Week's Standoff Between Protesters And Police -
And Finds A Division Within Portland's African-American Community)

Willamette Week
822 SW 10th Ave.
Portland, OR 97205
Tel. (503) 243-2122
Fax (503) 243-1115
Letters to the Editor:
Mark Zusman - mzusman@wweek.com
Web: http://www.wweek.com/
Note: Willamette Week welcomes letters to the editor via mail, e-mail or
fax. Letters must be signed by the author and include the author's street
address and phone number for verification. Preference will be given to
letters of 250 words or less.

originally published August 26, 1998

Link to earlier story
Crime And Justice - Black & Blue

* Last week's standoff between protesters and police
reveals a division within Portland's African-American


Anyone watching the late news last Monday saw a
disturbing picture: police in riot helmets descending
on Northeast Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard,
firing beanbag "bullets" on protesters and, in one
instance, macing a mother and taking a baby from
her arms.

By week's end, things had quietened down. At a Thursday press conference,
protest leader Daniel Binns and Mayor Vera Katz hugged each other and talked
about hammering out differences between police and citizens.

Unresolved are tougher questions: How much police presence in
African-American communities is too much? At what point does law enforcement
become racism?

At the center of the controversy is Binns. Known as "Geachy Dan" after a
character in a Sidney Poitier movie, Binns has had his share of trouble with
the law. Between 1985 and 1991 he was arrested 10 times for offenses ranging
from assault to weapons possession. He was sentenced to 41 months in federal
prison in 1991 for drug dealing.

But since his prison release in 1992, his record has been clean, and Binns
has won lots of friends and acquaintances. For the last four years he has
been a popular youthbasketball coach at Matt Dishman Community Center.

But Binns is best known for his fleet of ice-cream trucks that play rap
music. Business has been good; he owns five personal vehicles, one of them a
'69 Rolls Royce. He's also known for his parties. For the past four years,
Binns has thrown himself a big birthday bash each August. This year he chose
Sellwood Riverfront Park as the location. Binns had initially attempted to
secure a park permit for the Aug. 16 event--which last year drew an
estimated 2,000 young people--but decided against taking the official route
when he learned the Parks Bureau required insurance and additional amenities
for the large crowd.

Binns planned the party anyway, much to the dismay of police, who closed the
park to cars when they heard about the event. Although police action
affected all groups in the park that day, officers were clearly targeting
Binns, whose parties, they say, have a history of trouble.

Police note that a young man who attended Binns' birthday party last year
was shot in the face after an argument. They say they also confiscated two
guns from a car at last year's party and two more guns from people who had
left the party.

Binns also attracted police attention because of a nightclub called the
Mecca that he operated for a short time. In April, Odie Moffett was shot and
killed after a disagreement at the Southeast Portland club.

"For us it comes down to public safety," said Detective Sgt. Cheryl Kanzler.
"Think about our liability if someone got killed."

Binns said the shooting at the club had nothing to do with him. "Whatever
altercation happened, it all started way before they got to the club," he
told WW. As for the guns and shooting at last year's party, he said, they
came from outsiders over whom he has no control; he couldn't turn people
away from a public place. "I can sit here and say at my parties, 'I don't
want no gang members there,' or 'I don't want no white people there,' but
that's not me.... I was bringing everybody together, having a good time in a
positive way."

To Deputy District Attorney Eric Bergstrom, the excuse doesn't wash. "If
you're having parties and people are dying, you need stop having parties,"
he said.

After being turned away from Sellwood Riverfront Park, many partiers headed
to Irving Park in Northeast Portland. As the gathering grew, police began
arriving in numbers and handing out tickets for minor traffic infractions.
Partiers reportedly threw rocks at the police as they were forced to leave
the park.

The next day, tensions were still high. Upset over the closing of Sellwood
Riverfront Park and the tactics at Irving Park, Binns led a protest march
down Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, stopping in front of Chief Charles
Moose's house.

Over a bullhorn, Northeast Precinct Commander Derek Foxworth told the crowd
to disperse. Disobeying the instructions, a group of 15 to 20 protesters
continued southbound on MLK, walking toward six officers and their patrol
cars that were blocking the road. Another group of about 40 reportedly
followed close behind. When the group was within 25 feet, Officer Ollen
Brook ordered the protestors to stop, then fired four rounds from a beanbag
shotgun, hitting one person. The group dispersed, then returned, prompting
Officer William Balzer to fire another beanbag round. There were no serious
injuries, but six people, including Binns, were arrested.

On Tuesday, neighborhood leaders, police and Binns' supporters held what by
all accounts was a successful meeting to iron out their differences. Still,
the events of last week remain a hot topic.

Opinions differ regarding the police actions at the two parks on Sunday.
While some said it was appropriate, others thought it went too far.
"Everything was fine until the police came," said DeeDee Bradley, a
20-year-old Dishman employee. "People are going to get upset just because
the police are standing there and watching them."

If there is one area of agreement, it centers on the Monday protest. Even
police supporters interviewed by WW believe that the cops may have
overreacted. Richard Brown, a longtime community activist, thinks that the
situation escalated partly because of the overwhelming police presence. "It
felt tense because you have all these police out there in riot gear," he said.

Where opinions diverge is over the role racial tensions played.

Two views become clear when considering the stepped-up traffic enforcement
at Irving Park. Foxworth called the tactic "enhanced vehicle-safety
enforcement," a response to citizen complaints (including a 911 call from
state Rep. Margaret Carter) about traffic congestion that day.

To young people, it was pure harassment. One young black man told WW he
received seven tickets that day. He and other young African-American men
said they've grown accustomed to being targeted by police for seemingly no
reason. "Police see black males and think we're always up to no good," said
20-year-old Robert Donaldson III.

Several protesters told WW that the cops' attitude toward young black men
was evident in a police accusation, printed in The Oregonian, that Daniel
Binns has gang ties. Police have hinted that Binns is currently engaging in
criminal behavior, but they can point to no current evidence.

Ora Hart, a Northeast Portland realtor, said she is tired of seeing young
African-American men indiscriminately branded. "I need to feel like if my
black grandson waves an officer down, it's not going to be automatically
assumed, because of what he has on, that he's a gang member," she said.

But other people in the community see things differently. While he thought
police overreacted Monday, Jeff Gamble said he wasn't bothered by their
actions on Sunday. Gamble, who was running a youth-basketball tournament in
Irving Park that day, said he didn't see partiers doing anything out of
line, but he believes police have the right to enforce laws. "Everything is
not racism," he said. "There's a difference between right and wrong. If a
guy drives by and he's got expired tags or he's playing his music real loud,
police have a right to stop him."

As someone who has been stopped by police for no apparent reason, Gamble
said he can understand the complaints of young African-American men. "I'm
supportive of my community," he said. "But I have to be supportive of the
police department, too, because they're protecting my children."


[untitled sidebars:]

Binns' last birthday party, held at Dittler's Beach on the Columbia River,
attracted so many people that traffic on Northeast Marine Drive slowed to a
halt, preventing quick ambulance response to the shooting.

One member of the Portland Police Bureau said officers "bend over backwards"
to be sensitive to African Americans. But in some circles, he said,
"everything is filtered through the race glasses."

According to police reports, Daniel Binns led protestors to the home of
Police Chief Charles Moose and chanted, "Where's the black fucking chief?"

The beanbag shotguns, which the Portland Police Bureau has had for one year,
have an impact that is harder than a major-league fastball. So far, they
have been used on 21 people.

Patient Advocates Want Viagra Back On Oregon Health Plan List
(According To 'The Associated Press,' A Group Of Men Who Say They Need
Pfizer's New Drug For Impotence Plan To Argue Thursday Before The Oregon
Health Services Commission That It Was Wrong To Reclassify Impotency
As A Psychological Rather Than A Medical Condition And To Take It
Off The List Of 574 Illnesses Covered By Oregon's State-Funded
Health Insurance Plan For Poor People)

Associated Press
found at:
feedback (letters to the editor):

Patient advocates want Viagra back on Oregon Health Plan list

The Associated Press
8/26/98 7:50 PM


Associated Press Writer

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) -- Patient advocates said Oregon Health Plan officials
were "penny wise and pound foolish" when they decided to stop covering the
impotency drug Viagra -- pushing the pills out of reach for low-income men.

A group of men who say they need the drug plan to argue Thursday before the
Oregon Health Services Commission that the panel was wrong to reclassify
impotency as a psychological rather than a medical condition and take if off
the list of 574 covered illnesses.

They contend impotence is caused by such conditions as multiple sclerosis,
diabetes, cancer or spinal cord injury.

"Impotence is anything but a laughing matter to men and their families,"
said Harold King, a 77-year-old prostate cancer patient who spoke at a news
conference organized by the Oregon Campaign for Patient Rights.

The group's chairman, Dr. Jim Davis, said impotence, if left untreated, can
lead to depression and have a profound affect on relationships with spouses
and children.

Viagra, approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration in March, had
been covered by the Oregon Health Plan until the decision was made in June
to no longer pay for the $10 tablets. The change takes effect Oct. 1.

Darren Coffman, director of the commission, said the change was merely a
correction of a ranking error. "Unless there is some other information that
would be a compelling reason to make a change, I am not sure that any change
would be made," he said.

The Legislature could override the commission's decision, but that is not
likely, said Hersh Crawford, director of Oregon's Medicare program.

Either way, the patient advocates say, the cost of covering Viagra is not
the issue. Of the 340,000 people covered by the plan, only about 10 percent
are men.

"They are being penny wise and pound foolish," said Dr. James Hancey, who
said covering Viagra would actually save money by preventing later treatment
of depression caused by impotency.

Two lawmakers backed state coverage of Viagra during Wednesday's news

State Sen. Jeannette Hamby of Hillsboro, a former nurse, said the Oregon
Health Plan has always focused on improving the quality of life. "If it adds
to their quality of life, then we've covered it."

Added Rep. Frank Shields of Portland: "We're not just here advocating for
young studs to have their fun -- we're talking about health."

(c)1998 Oregon Live LLC

Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not
be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Viagra Death Toll Up To 69 By July (The Bend, Oregon, 'Bulletin'
Cites US Food And Drug Administration Figures On Pfizer's New Drug
For Impotence - The Real Toll Could Be As High As 123
Out Of More Than 3.6 Million Prescriptions For Viagra
Dispensed Between Late March And July Of This Year)

From: cwagoner@bendnet.com
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:52:37 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: DPFOR: Viagra death toll up to 69 by July
To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Sender: owner-dpfor@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfor@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/

This article appeared in the Bend Bulletin, Bend, Oregon on August 26th
1998, Page: A-3, Section: News Briefs.

Viagra Death Toll Up To 69 by July

WASHINTON- The Food and Drug Administration says 69 Americans taking the
impotence pill Viagra died between late March and July, with 46 of these
cases linked to cardiovascular incidents.

In a summary issued this week, the FDA said it has actually received
reports of 123 patients who died after getting a prescription for the drug.
But of these reported incidents, 12 concerned foreign patients, 30 came
from unvarifiable sources and 12 involved cases where it was unknown if the
drug had been used.

The FDA said more than 3.6 million prescriptions for Viagra were
dispensed between late March and July of this year. Of the 69 confirmed
deaths, the cause of death was unknown for 21 patients, two had strokes and
46 had cardiovascular events, including 17 cardiac arrests.

The median age among those who died, based on ages provided for 55 of
the patients, was 64.

War On Drugs Slammed At The Seattle Hempfest ('The Queen Anne/Magnolia News'
In Seattle Covers Last Weekend's Festival At Myrtle Edwards Park)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 15:10:41 -0700 (PDT)
From: Vivian (viv@hemp.net)
To: hemp-talk@hemp.net
Subject: HT: AROD: Local coverage of Seattle hempfest (fwd)
Sender: owner-hemp-talk@hemp.net

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Tue, 01 Sep 1998 09:28:03 -0700
From: "kevin b. zeese" (kevzeese@laser.net)
Reply-To: arodemo@drugsense.org
To: ARO (aro@drugsense.org), ARO Demonstrations (arodemo@drugsense.org)
Subject: AROD: Local coverage of Seattle hempfest


In addition to the Seattle Post Intellegencer and local news shows the
Seattle fest was covered in local community papers. Here is an article
which shows that festivals can produce useful news.


Article from Seattle's "Queen Anne/Magnolia News" of August 26th, 1998,
front page and second page.


War on Drugs slammed at the Seattle Hempfest
by Russ Zabel

Fewer people were actually smoking marijuana at this year's Seattle
Hempfest in Myrtle Edwards Park than last year, according
to Seattle Police Department spokeswoman Christie-Lynne Bonner.

One felony and two misdemeanor arrests were made, 30 people smoking pot
were identified and released, and 35 park-exclusion orders were issued, she
said. "Overall, it was a pretty mellow event," Bonner added.

But the political rhetoric was anything but mellow as festival organizer
Vivian McPeak slammed existing marijuana laws from the
main stage between sets featuring several local bands.

"The current U.S. drug-law policies - commonly referred to as the War on
Drugs - is a flagrant violation of basic human rights, sovereignty of the
human body, and a national disgrace to the principles of free choice and
human dignity," he said.

Describing it as a mockery of justice, McPeak also said those convicted
of drug offenses sometimes face stiffer penalties than murderers or rapists
and later lose lifelong privileges of student aid and welfare rights.

Warming up to the subject, McPeak also charged that excessive fines,
jail sentences and forfeitures exclusively levied against drug offenders are
unconstitutional and an unreasonable assault on the Bill of Rights.

"In fact," he added, "forfeiture laws are so liberally applied as to
constitute theft in many cases. Victimless crimes are punished
by the destruction of entire families, and (by) the incarceration of
decent, non-violent, and often productive human beings."

The November Coalition, a Colville, Wash. based organization focusing on
the plight of jailed drug offenders and their families, followed the same
theme. November Coalition director Nora Callahan said the government tells
people the drug war is being waged for the sake of the children.

"The Drug War is a fraud," Callahan said on the Ralph Seeley Memorial
Stage. Seeley, a cancer patient and attorney who died last spring,
unsuccessfully sued Washington State over his right to smoke marijuana to
alleviate the debilitating effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

"There are 2.5 (two and a half) million children in this country with
one or both parents in prison on drug charges." Callahan went on to say. She
also said more drugs are crossing the borders into the United States than
there were 30 years ago when the Drug War began.

Callahan also pointed to several state initiatives that would legalize
medical use of marijuana - including I-692 in Washington - as evidence
public opinion is shifting about the issue. "It's time we stop the war," she

Kevin Zeese, an East Coast attorney working with the November Coalition,
said politicians are using drugs as a scapegoat. "Our kids are being robbed,"
he added. "Instead of the truth, we get DARE (Drug Awareness and Resistance

Zeese also noted the numbers of people in jail for drug offenses has
skyrocketed in the last several years. In Texas, he said for example, 25
prisons have been built recently while only one university was. "The U.S. is
becoming the prison nation of the world," Zeese said.

Other uses of hemp were promoted at the festival, as well. Hemp cookies,
hemp clothing, hemp lollipops, and hemp soda pop were for sale, none of
which contained the psychoactive ingredients of marijuana, the vendors said.

Although none was available, Hempen Ale - which uses marijuana seeds in its
ingredients - was one of the major sponsors of the Hempfest, and vice
president of operations Steve Nordahl said the brewery supports industrial
uses of hemp. As for medical or recreational use of marijuana, "We can't take
any stand on that," he said.

The Washington Hemp Education Network, which also had a booth at the
festival, provides information about both industrial and medical uses of

David Edwards, a retired pathologist and doctor from Olympia staffing the
booth, said he supports the medical use of marijuana. "I think it's barbaric
that patients are being denied a safe and effective drug because of
politics," he said of grass.

Edwards also faulted the government for denying that marijuana has medical
uses while, at the same time, blocking any scientific studies that would
prove otherwise.

A number of speakers at the Hempfest praised marijuana for it's medical
effects, and they included McPeak, who had a firsthand account. His father -
who was suffering from cancer - stayed with him for his final days, McPeak

"My father showed up weighing 85 pounds at six foot tall looking like a
skeleton, looking like Death," McPeak said, "The first three days, he
couldn't hold down an egg, and I knew he was going to die that week. I
made my dad marijuana brownies," he said to a roar of approval from the

"I said, 'Dad, you're really skinny. This is not candy; this is medicine.
Take one and see how it works." McPeak said he then went shopping and came
back to find his father had eaten four big pieces. "You know what my father
said to next?" McPeak asked the crowd. "He said, 'Take me to KFC.' "

His father bought pasta, sauce, and some ice-cream that day, came home, ate
a full serving and kept it down, McPeak said. "And he lived three months
longer than the doctors said was possible."

"I did it before, I'll do it again, and I encourage you to do it," McPeak
said of providing marijuana to sick people. "I'm talking about easing
suffering and saving life. Am I a criminal?" he asked the crowd. "Noooo,"
the crowd roared back.

"It's time to change the laws," McPeak said. "This is disgusting," he said of
current drug regulations. "It's a disgrace; it's a national atrocity."

An Evening With Joan Baez (The Famed Folk Singer Is Featured
At An Intimate Dinner And Concert October 1 At The Silver Creek Valley
Country Club To Benefit The Defense Fund Of Her Cousin, Peter Baez,
The Co-Founder And Volunteer Director Of The Santa Clara County
Medical Cannibas Center)
Link to earlier story
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 21:10:16 EDT Errors-To: jnr@insightweb.com Reply-To: friends@freecannabis.org Originator: friends@freecannabis.org Sender: friends@freecannabis.org From: Remembers@webtv.net (Genie Brittingham) To: Multiple recipients of list (friends@freecannabis.org) Subject: Fwd: PLEASE POST She Who Remembers http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Senate/7525 http://www.remembers.com Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 17:41:32 -0700 From: Peter Baez (klipsche@garlic.com) To: Genie Brittingham (remembers@webtv.net) Subject: PLEASE POST An Evening with Joan Baez..... On Thursday, October 1, 1998, world-renowned singer/songwriter JOAN BAEZ will be hosting a full course dinner and performing with members of her touring band at the Silver Creek Valley Country Club to benefit the Peter Baez Defense Fund. This very extraordinary event will begin at 6:00 pm with cocktails, wine and hors d'oeuvres, followed by dinner and a private performance which will conclude at approximately 11:00 pm. This is a unique opportunity to meet Joan and enjoy an unforgettable evening. This event is sponsored by the Lindesmith Center, a non-profit organization responsible for establishing the Peter Baez Defense Fund to assist in defraying the costs of Peter's legal defense in connection with charges recently brought against him. Peter Baez is the co-founder and volunteer director of the Santa Clara County Medical Cannibas Center, which served as the primary caregiver to provide medical marijuana to 265 clients and fellow sufferers from AIDS, cancer and other debilitating diseases in the San Jose, California area. The Center was shut down when the San Jose police raided the offices, and unlawfully seized all patient files, all computers and the bank account, forcing it out of business. Peter maintains his innocence of all charges and has requested a trial jury. He is being represented by Thomas Nolan of Palo Alto and Professor Gerald F. Uelmen of Santa Clara University School of Law. The required minimum donation to attend this very special event is $500 per person (tax-deductible). Space is limited to 150 guests, so please call (408) 238-0141 or (408) 248-0210 to obtain further information and to reserve your space now!

Update On Chavez (A Staff Editorial In 'The Orange County Register'
Scoops The News Department In Confirming That Medical Marijuana Defendant
Marvin Chavez Has Fired His Two Pro Bono Attorneys)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:19:57 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Editorial: Update On Chavez
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W.Black
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/


The wheels of justice are grinding slowly in Marvin Chavez's case, in
which he is accused of 10 counts of selling marijuana, but they are
grinding. On Monday Judge Frank R.Fasel gave the founder of the Orange
County Patients, Doctors, Nurses Support Group (which has worked to help
patients with recommendations from their doctors get access to medical
marijuana) permission to discharge his two attorneys, who have
represented him on a volunteer basis.

The case has been "trailed" until Friday, when it will be determined
whether the Orange County Public Defenders office can represent Mr.
Chavez or a private attorney will be appointed.

Meanwhile, Mr. Chavez has recruited one attorney experienced in
medical-marijuana cases to serve as an adviser and is seeking others.

It is possible but probably unlikely that the involvement of new
attorneys will spur Judge Fasel to revisit his decision not to allow
the defense to bring up Prop. 215 (otherwise known as Health and
Safety Code 11362.5), the November 1996 initiative whereby voters
decided that sick people with a doctor's recommendation should have
access to marijuana for medical purposes.

If handled properly the Chavez case could furnish valuable guidelines
for implementing Prop. 215, which has been done only spottily in
California as a whole and not at all in Orange County. We'll keep an
eye on developments.

The Judge Hallucinates (A Letter To The Editor
Of 'The Orange County Register' Expresses Outrage Over Judge Frank F. Fasel's
Decision Ruling Out Proposition 215 In The Defense Of Marvin Chavez -
There Never Would Have Been An Orange County Patient, Doctor, Nurse,
Support Group If It Hadn't Been For Proposition 215)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:23:06 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: PUB LTE: The Judge Hallucinates
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: John W.Black
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/


I am outraged by Judge Frank F.Fasel's ruling to disallow the use of
Proposition 215 as a part of Marvin Chavez's defense ["The court and
Prop. 215," Opinion, Aug. 17]. There would not even be an Orange
County patient, doctor, nurse, support group if there was no Prop.

Chavez was trying to provide a service to sick and dying people who
need cannabis to relieve their pain and suffering. Most people can
obtain a prescription for medicine and go fill it at a local pharmacy.
You can get a prescription filled with no problem for medications that
if not taken properly could kill you.

However, if you would rather use cannabis, a natural, organic flower
that has never killed anyone, for treatment you can't get it! Well,
unless, of course, you know how to grow it yourself and have a place
to grow it. And even if you can grow it, you still have to wait a
minimum of three months to get the medicine! You could be dead by then.

Sharra Goen

Retire The Idiot (A Letter To The Editor Of 'The San Francisco Bay Guardian'
Urges California Voters Not To Elect As Governor The State's
Current Attorney General, Dan Lungren, Nemesis Of Proposition 215)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 23:08:54 -0700
To: dpfca@drugsense.org
From: R Givens (rgivens@sirius.com)
Subject: DPFCA: PUB LTE: Retire the Idiot
Sender: owner-dpfca@drugsense.org
Reply-To: dpfca@drugsense.org
Organization: DrugSense http://www.drugsense.org/dpfca/

Scored another bullseye in ABL (anybody but Lungren) campaign. Keep those
cards and letters coming. I hear Danny is trailing by 12% so far. Let's see
if we can't make that a 20% deficit by election day. Lungren is AGAINST a
lot of things, but is not FOR anything. We can't afford to have this man in
politics anymore. Let's make this his Waterloo.

Write a couple of ABL letters to the California papers every week.
R Givens


Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: San Francisco Bay Guardian
Contact: letters@sfbayguardian.com
Website: http://www.sfbayguardian.com/

Since Proposition 215 passed, Dan Lungren has insisted that the voters
didn't understand what we were doing and certainly didn't mean to really
legalize medical marijuana. Since then Lungren has tried to invalidate the
voters' will using the full opposition of the Attorney General's Office.

Mr. Lungren seems to think that two years of unrelenting opposition to
medical marijuana for his own personal reasons will somehow change the
opinion of the electorate. That alone shows insufficient intelligence to
govern the state. What an idiot.

On Election Day, I'm going to be one of many millions of Californians who
let Lungren know that we understood exactly what we meant by voting for
Prop. 215 by sending this inane jackass into retirement!

Redford Givens
San Francisco

Prison Officers Get Raise; Other Workers Stymied
('The San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune' Says One Day After
California Governor Pete Wilson Vetoed Increases For Other State Workers,
He And Negotiators For State Correctional Guards Agreed To A One-Year,
12 Percent Raise)
Link to earlier story
Date: Fri, 28 Aug 1998 05:16:15 -0700 From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews) To: mapnews@mapinc.org Subject: MN: US CA: Prison Officers Get Raise; Other Workers Stymied Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/ Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison Source: San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune (CA) Contact: slott@slnt01.sanluisobispo.com Website: http://sanluisobispo.com/ Pubdate: 26 Aug 1998 Author: Dave Wilcox Telegram-Tribune Section: SLO County, page B-1 PRISON OFFICERS GET RAISE; OTHER WORKERS STYMIED SAN LUIS OBISPO -- State workers are smarting after negotiators for California's correctional officers agreed to a one-year, 12 percent raise, an increase that comes as other employee unions remain at loggerheads with Gov. Pete Wilson. What hurts isn't the pay hike package that still needs ratification by the California Correctional Peace Officers Association, according to union officials, but that the agreement came one day after Wilson vetoed increases for other state workers. "The contract the governor has given to the correctional officers is something that he never offered us in any shape or form," said Drew Mendelson, a spokesman in the California State Employees Association's Sacramento headquarters. Prison officers, like most other state workers, have gone without a pay raise since 1995. The CSEA represents 87,000 workers in nine of the state's 21 bargaining units. Under the deal, according to the Associated Press, the state would increase contributions to the pension plan of the state's 28,000 correctional officers by 2 percent. The agreement was reached Saturday, one day after the Republican governor vetoed funds for a 9 percent raise for other state employees from the state budget. Top pay for correctional officers would rise from $3,850 to $4,235 per month. Five percent of the raise would be retroactive to July 1, and the other half would take effect Oct. 1. Officers will work an extra eight hours a month, from 160 hours to 168, for the additional 5 percent increase. The extra hours will compensate officers for the time it takes them to walk to and from their stations each day, and for an additional 52 hours of mandatory training annually. Joe Creath, president of the association's chapter at the California Men's Colony, scoffed at calling the agreement a 12 percent raise. "I'd rather not work the extra two hours a week," he said. The agreement must be approved by the Legislature and by members of the California Correctional Peace Officers Association. News of the agreement comes only days after the state Legislature wrapped up hearings into alleged inmate abuse at Corcoran State Prison. The CSEA's Mendelson said it appears Wilson is rewarding the correctional officers association for years of political support. The union has given $667,000 in campaign contributions directly to the governor. Wilson's spokesman, Sean Walsh, told the Sacramento Bee the correctional officers "deserve the raise ... because they have the toughest beat in California." He called it "outrageous" to suggest that the correctional officers' union's sizable campaign contributions to Wilson influenced the agreement. Walsh, according to the Bee, accused leaders of state worker unions of not bargaining in good faith. "That's outrageous," said Jay Salter, an official in the union representing state hospital psychiatric technicians. But even Salter and other union officials who believe the agreement is political payback said the correctional officers deserve the raise. "A 12 percent pay increase for state correctional officers is probably about the right amount," Salter said. "It's appropriate for the dangerous work these guys are doing." But Salter, who lives in Atascadero, said psychiatric technicians are working in an equally dangerous environment, but aren't being compensated on an equal footing. "We certainly deserve an equivalent pay increase." Salter said the governor's office is unwilling to bend on demands for civil service reforms that would curtail protections for state workers. Norm Stone, a local CSEA representative who works as a supervising cook at CMC, said he doesn't "begrudge any (bargaining) unit getting what they can get for (its) membership." He said members of other unions who work at CMC generally aren't resentful of the correctional officers association's relative power in Sacramento. "There is a little animosity," he said. "But when we're inside, we're on the same team. These other issues are fodder for conversation." (c) San Luis Obispo County Telegram-Tribune

Correction - Medical Marijuana Club Ban
('The San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune' Notes Medical Marijuana Patients
In California Can Grow Or Possess Pot After All)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 11:54:15 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Correction: Medical Marijuana Club Ban
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jo-D Harrison
Source: San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune (CA)
Contact: slott@slnt01.sanluisobispo.com
Website: http://sanluisobispo.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Section: Correction, page B-2


A portion of an Aug. 21 article about a proposed ban on medical marijuana
clubs in Atascadero was incorrect.

The appeals courts have exempted a patient or patient's primary caregiver
from prosecution when either of them possess or cultivate marijuana "only
for the patient's personal medical purposes upon the written or oral
recommendation or approval of a physician.

Teen Was An Innocent Prisoner Of Community's War On Crime
('Los Angeles Times' Columnist Dana Parsons Is Disturbed That An Innocent
19-Year-Old Man Was Removed From His Car And Spent The Night In Jail
Because Police Drug Recognition Experts Incorrectly Deduced He Was Under
The Influence - Lieutenant Tom Garner, Speaking For The Orange County
Sheriff's Department, Said, 'It Happens')

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 16:13:51 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Teen Was An Innocent Prisoner Of Community's War On
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Pubdate: 26 August 1998
Fax: 213-237-4712
Author: Dana Parsons, Times Columnist


What happened to Brandon Guresky the night the cops pulled him over in
Dana Point isn't the kind of story that makes the newspapers. Who cares if
an innocent man spends 12 hours in jail? For those who think that's no big
deal, it's probably because they've never had to do it.

It would seem to follow, then, that cops who deprive an innocent person of
freedom have committed a serious breach of trust.

If so, why is this black-and-white picture turning to gray? About 12:30
a.m. on July 12, Guresky was driving on Golden Lantern when an Orange
County sheriff's deputy pulled him over for driving with the parking lights
on. Guresky, who lives in North Hollywood, explained he had been at a
wedding and was driving his girlfriend's car, which was unfamiliar to
him. While the deputy talked to him, Guresky seemed extremely nervous,
with dilated pupils and profuse sweating, according to the deputy's report.

Suspecting Guresky might be under the influence of drugs, the officer
ordered him out of the car. A records search turned up nothing. The
deputy found no drugs on Guresky or in the car. Guresky insisted that his
behavior was induced by extreme nervousness at being pulled over.
Link to earlier story
After conducting some standard roadside tests, the deputy concluded that Guresky was high. His pulse rate was about 115 beats a minute, and his pupils remained dilated. The deputy radioed for a departmental drug expert, who reached the same conclusion. They arrested Guresky and by late morning, he was in the County Jail, where he would remain until being released early that afternoon. The kicker: Guresky wasn't charged, because lab tests showed no indication of cocaine, amphetamines or opiates, for which the Sheriff's Department tests. In other words, Guresky's version of events apparently was true. He had gone to jail because he flunked some tests that are supposed to be a tip-off of illegal drugs. Then, no drugs turned up. Robert Jesinger is a lawyer and family friend who was at the wedding that Guresky had attended. "Perhaps they [deputies] are so jaded they can't believe any kid like Brandon could possibly be clean," Jesinger said. "They just can't believe it, so they throw him in the clink. That's quite frightening and upsetting." But isn't this the price we pay, I asked Jesinger, for vigilance in the anti-drug war? "Maybe this is the price," he said, "but where is the presumption of innocence?" I posed that to Lt. Tom Garner, speaking for the Sheriff's Department on the matter. "It's one of those things," Garner said, after confirming the details of Guresky's arrest and subsequent clearing on drug suspicions. "It's a judgment call in the field." I talked to a nurse who said a pulse rate of 115 isn't an automatic indicator of drug use. Nor are dilated pupils. The deputies, of course, used those factors as part of their overall equation. How solid is that judgment, I asked Garner, given the lab results? What can we say about someone wrongly sent to jail, even if only for the night? "I don't know what I can say," Garner said. "It happens." That may be the answer that scares me. And it scares me because it is the perfectly honest one. We all know we'd browbeat an officer who let someone go who they believed to be high. Even Guresky concedes the officers believed he was high. Guresky said the incident still bothers him. "Once they had me step out of the car, that's when I started to get very nervous," he told me this week. "I never had been in that situation before. To my knowledge, when they ask you to get out of the car, it's not good." He spent part of his night in jail "with 30 passed-out drunks and what appeared to be gang members. . . . I tried to lie down, relax, maybe even sleep the time away, but I couldn't even do that." Through it all, he said, Sheriff's Department personnel continually asked him what drugs he was on. I queried a deputy district attorney not involved in Guresky's case. Shouldn't we be outraged, I said, that an innocent man spent a night in jail, without stronger proof of being impaired? No, the deputy D.A. said. "Here's the thing: You have to put yourself in the officer's shoes. He's got a tough job. He stops someone, and he may see something that makes him think the guy is under the influence of something, and he may not be sure what. . . So he has a decision to make, and it's a very difficult one to make, unless you're there. Do I let him go and maybe he'll go down the street, go through a red light and maybe kill somebody? Or do I take him off the street?" I asked the prosecutor if he's troubled with the occasional jailing of innocent people. "I hope I don't sound too conservative, but if we're going to err, I hope we err on the side of taking [dangerous people] off the street. Maybe that's the price we have to pay for making the streets safe." Therein lies the dilemma. The proverbial one innocent man in the midst of 99 guilty ones. I feel like I should be outraged by Guresky's jailing, but I can't get all the way there. I don't take it lightly that a 19-year-old spent a night in jail. It's bad form that the Sheriff's Department hasn't apologized to him. But I'd feel like a phony for condemning the officers in the field. Maybe Guresky can take solace in knowing he was a prisoner in our war on crime. Maybe he'll feel better knowing he was that one guy out of a hundred. * * * Dana Parsons' column appears Wednesday, Friday and Sunday. Readers may reach Parsons by calling (714) 966-7821 or by writing to him at the Times Orange County Edition, 1375 Sunflower Ave., Costa Mesa, CA 92626, or by e-mail to dana.parsons@latimes.com Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved

Los Angeles Police Department Officer Arrested In Drug-Evidence Theft
('The Los Angeles Times' Elaborates On Yesterday's News About The Bust
Of Officer Rafael Antonio Perez For Stealing Three Brick-Size Kilograms
Of Cocaine)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: LAPD Officer Arrested in Drug-Evidence Theft
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 21:02:37 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Los Angeles Times
Wednesday, August 26, 1998

LAPD Officer Arrested in Drug-Evidence Theft

By MATT LAIT, Times Staff Writer

A nine-year Los Angeles police veteran was arrested Tuesday morning on
suspicion of stealing three brick-size kilograms of cocaine from a
department property room.

At a hastily held news conference, Chief Bernard C. Parks said the
arrest of Officer Rafael Antonio Perez was a "sad and tragic" event that
"tarnishes the badge" worn by every cop with the LAPD.

Perez has been accused of masterminding and carrying out the brazen
drug theft at Parker Center, the LAPD's headquarters. The 31-year-old
officer assigned to the Rampart Division allegedly posed as another officer
to check out the three packages of cocaine, weighing more than 6 pounds in

Investigators believe that Perez worked with known drug dealers to
distribute the cocaine on the streets. Two of the officer's suspected
associates are in custody in connection with other drug charges. Their names
were not immediately available.

"Our assumption is that he sold the narcotics, but we cannot validate
that," Parks said.

No other LAPD officers have been implicated in the theft, but the
investigation is continuing, the chief said.

Perez, who is scheduled to be arraigned today, was booked on suspicion
of cocaine theft, possession of cocaine for sale and forgery, police said.
He was being held in lieu of $550,000 bail. If convicted of all charges,
Perez faces a maximum sentence of eight years and four months in prison.

Deputy Dist. Atty. Richard A. Rosenthal, who is prosecuting the case,
declined to discuss the evidence against Perez.

Winston Kevin McKesson, Perez's attorney, said his client
"categorically and steadfastly denies all the allegations. . . . This is
pretty much shattering him."

McKesson said Perez, who is married and the father of a young daughter,
"embodies the American dream" and "is a stellar officer."

The officer's arrest follows a six-month internal investigation that
until three weeks ago was highly secret. Earlier this month, officers
throughout the department, particularly in Rampart, suspected that Perez was
in trouble when he was "assigned to home" by his bosses.

On Aug. 6, investigators served search warrants on Perez's LAPD locker,
his car and home.

Parks said no drugs were found during those searches. He said
investigators were still reviewing documents and other possible evidence
retrieved during the searches.

On the same day detectives conducted the searches, they interviewed
Perez, but he refused to cooperate, sources said.

According to Parks, supervisors with the LAPD's property room
discovered that the cocaine, which was secured in a department vault, was
missing in March after various security measures were triggered, alerting
the supervisors that the property had been checked out but not returned.

LAPD officials immediately launched a massive audit to find the drugs
and determine whether more than 3 kilograms of cocaine were missing.
Auditors scoured the property room, accounting for more than 100,000 pieces
of evidence.

Police said the cocaine originally was booked into the LAPD as evidence
after it was confiscated during an undercover narcotics operation. At that
time, it sold for nearly $20,000 a kilogram. Police officials say the 3
kilograms could be resold in smaller quantities on the street for more than

According to authorities, Perez allegedly went to the property room and
signed out the drugs under another officer's name, claiming to need it for

Investigators have obtained writing samples from Perez, and one police
source said the officer's handwriting is a "dead-bang" match with the
signature used to check out the cocaine.

Perez's arrest Tuesday stunned many LAPD officers. "He seemed to be a
good guy," said one who knew him. "But if he's doing that stuff, he deserves
to go down."

Born and raised in Puerto Rico, Perez had been assigned to Rampart's
anti-gang unit. He was working with a narcotics team at the time the drugs
were taken.

According to police sources, Perez is a close friend of David A. Mack,
an LAPD officer who was arrested in December on suspicion of holding up a
bank at gunpoint and stealing more than $700,000. Investigators, however,
have not established any criminal link between the two, sources said.

In May, City Controller Rick Tuttle released an audit of the LAPD's
property rooms, concluding that there were internal weaknesses in
supervision that jeopardized the success of criminal prosecutions and
created an easy opportunity for abuse and theft.

Parks said at his news conference Tuesday that he felt Tuttle's report
contained inaccuracies and misunderstandings about the way the LAPD handles
property. Moreover, Parks pointed out that the controller's audit did not
discover the missing drugs.

Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved

Judge Drops Drug Charge, Lashes Former US Attorney
('The San Francisco Examiner' Says US District Judge Justin Quackenbush
Ruled Tuesday That Former US Attorney Michael Yamaguchi Had Engaged In
'Reckless Disregard' For The Constitutional Rights Of Alleged Oakland
Cocaine Kingpin Anthony Flowers, And Dismissed The Most Severe Charge
Against Flowers - Operating A Continuing Criminal Enterprise, Which Carried
A Mandatory Minimum Sentence Of 20 Years In Prison)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 17:02:54 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US CA: Judge Drops Drug Charge, Lashes Former U.S. Attorney
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: San Francisco Examiner
Contact: letters@examiner.com
Website: http://www.examiner.com
Author: Seth Rosenfeld OF THE EXAMINER STAFF


Says Prejudicial Comments Made To Press Tainted Jury

In withering remarks from the bench, a federal judge dropped a major drug
charge after concluding that the U.S. attorney's office in San Francisco
made prejudicial comments about the infamous case to the press.

U.S. District Judge Justin Quackenbush ruled Tuesday that former U.S.
Attorney Michael Yamaguchi engaged in "reckless disregard" for the
constitutional rights of alleged cocaine kingpin Anthony "Ant" Flowers.

The senior judge said Yamaguchi violated both professional rules and his
admonition not to discuss the 1996 prosecution. The former prosecutor, he
said, had commented on the case and re-released an earlier press release on
it, which, the judge said, was a shocking "parade of horribles."

On that ground, Quackenbush dismissed the heaviest charge against Flowers:
operating a "continuing criminal enterprise" - that is, supervising an
illegal drug ring - that carried a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years
in prison.

The U.S. attorney's office declined to comment on the ruling, as did
Yamaguchi's lawyer, Jerrold Ladar.

Maureen Kallins, Flowers' lawyer, said the judge's action was "brave and
honest . . . and hopefully a message will go out to prosecutors that they
have to play by the rules."

The ruling was the latest turn in a troubled case that has been cited as
one of the reasons Yamaguchi did not receive a federal judgeship and
resigned as U.S. attorney effective Monday. His successor, Robert S.
Mueller III, appeared at the hearing.

In taking what he said was unusual action, the senior judge, visiting from
Seattle, exercised his supervisory powers over court conduct.

He noted that in the first part of trial, he had instructed Yamaguchi to
make no further public comment on the case. The prosecutor had told a
reporter that though his office brought fewer cases than did other
districts, they were more serious, and cited the Flowers case.

At the end of part one in December 1996, Flowers was convicted of
conspiracy to distribute more than 11 pounds of cocaine in Oakland. Four
other men also were convicted.

At this point - before the jury began part two of the trial, on the
continuing criminal enterprise charge - Yamaguchi faxed to three reporters
a summary of the verdict in phase one and a copy of a press release issued
more than two years earlier when Flowers was first charged in the case. The
release said a street gang run by Flowers was in "a bloody war" with rival
drug gangs.

But the judge found Tuesday that evidence of that had not been admitted at
trial. And, Kallins said, "My client has never been charged with violence
in his life."

This - along with Yamaguchi's comment to a reporter that the crackdown on
Flower's gang was partly responsible for a "big drop" in Oakland's homicide
rate - tainted the jury, the judge said.

A juror read one of the resulting news stories and phoned the judge, who
then questioned the jurors and found that some had engaged in misconduct by
reading or discussing news accounts.

On that basis, he last year reversed the convictions from part one of the
trial. The 9th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals reinstated them, though
further appeals by Flowers's lawyer are pending. On Tuesday the judge
separately dismissed charges of running a criminal enterprise, money
laundering and possessing illegal profits. And he criticized the U.S.
attorney's office for not having admitted its errors earlier.

1998 San Francisco Examiner

Drug Czar Seeking Unity In Plan For Guarding Border ('The Dallas Morning News'
Says General Barry McCaffrey Met With Border Officials In El Paso, Texas
And New Mexico Tuesday To Begin Firming Up His Plan, Which Centers On
The Creation Of A 'Border Czar' To Coordinate Efforts Along The Entire
US-Mexico Border)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 18:54:01 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: U.S. Drug Czar Seeking
Unity In Plan For Guarding Border
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: Dallas Morning News
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com


EL PASO (AP) -- U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey met with border
officials Tuesday to begin firming up his plan to create a more
uniform, unified frontier against the international drug trade.

McCaffrey traveled from this West Texas urban center, which has one of
the state's busiest international bridges, to a barren New Mexico
desert to discuss the needs of the federal agencies on the front line.

He plans to use the information he gathers to refine his plan, which
centers around the creation of a "border czar" to coordinate efforts
along the entire U.S.-Mexico border.

There is a need for someone who can "integrate all the infrastructure
planning so that we end up with a common way of operating against a
common threat," McCaffrey said.

"Drug criminals work the 2,000-mile border and the (seas). They've got
to get across someplace and if it's not good someplace they'll go
someplace else where it is good."

The border czar plan, to be presented to President Clinton this fall,
is aimed at eliminating soft spots in the enforcement net and pushing
traffickers away from current hot corridors such as the El Paso-Ciudad
Juarez area.

"We believe that within five years or so we can largely eliminate drug
smuggling across the southwest border," McCaffrey said. "It will then
move to the sea and other areas."

The plan, as outlined Tuesday, focuses on four areas: establishing a
border coordinator's office to create a unified policy; appointing
coordinators at each of the nation's ports of entry to oversee drug
policy and intelligence locally; ensuring agencies have adequate
staffing; and providing technology that will help border officers.

The border coordinator, who will likely be based in El Paso, will be
the linchpin. He or she will be empowered to cut across the many
jurisdictional lines and pull together the nearly two dozen agencies
now charged with different aspects of enforcement.

The different areas include drug interdiction, processing of cargo,
stopping illegal immigration and facilitating legal

"I don't think the guy ought to operationally control the border --
directing people to move from one spot to another -- but should do
policy planning," McCaffrey said.

Though the proposal raises questions about some agencies losing some
of their jealously guarded autonomy, McCaffrey said he had already
seen support among different organizations, including Customs and the
Border Patrol.

"The problem will be that every one of these seven departments of the
(federal) government has its own congressional committee, its own
laws, its own budget," he said. "So how do we put together a concept
that they will find attractive?"

U.S. Rep. Silvestre Reyes, a former Border Patrol official and an
enthusiastic supporter of McCaffrey's idea, agreed that getting the
government to accept the idea will be the hardest part.

"I think that's going to be one of the main challenges that we're
going to face," said Reyes, D-El Paso, who briefly joined McCaffrey's
tour. "I know the main challenge is being able to create a mandate to
do it. Once it's mandated, it will be done."

Critics questioned the need for such a move, however.

"Why does the drug czar need to hire someone else to do his job? How
many sub-czars are needed to win the war against drugs?" asked U.S.
Rep. Lamar Smith, R-San Antonio, who chairs the House immigration

"The administration should confront drug smugglers with more Border
Patrol agents, not an election-year public relations campaign."

Drug Czar Meets With Border Officials ('The Associated Press' Version)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Drug czar meets with border officials
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 21:13:54 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Drug czar meets with border officials
McCaffrey refining proposal for efforts against trafficking
Associated Press

EL PASO - U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey met with border officials Tuesday
to begin firming up his plan to create a more uniform, unified frontier
against the international drug trade.

Mr. McCaffrey traveled from this West Texas urban center, which has one of
the state's busiest international bridges, to barren New Mexico desert to
discuss the needs of the federal agencies on the front line.

He said he plans to use the information he gathers to refine his plan, which
centers on the creation of a border czar to coordinate efforts along the
entire U.S.-Mexico border.

There is a need for someone who can "integrate all the infrastructure
planning so that we end up with a common way of operating against a common
threat," Mr. McCaffrey said.

"Drug criminals work the 2,000-mile border and the . . . [seas]. They've got
to get across someplace, and if it's not good someplace, they'll go
someplace else where it is good."

The border czar plan, to be presented to President Clinton this fall, is
aimed at eliminating soft spots in the enforcement net and pushing
traffickers away from current hot corridors such as the El Paso-Ciudad
Juarez area.

"We believe that within five years or so we can largely eliminate drug
smuggling across the southwest border," Mr. McCaffrey said. "It will then
move to the sea and other areas."

The plan, as outlined Tuesday, focuses on four areas: establishing a border
coordinator's office to create a unified policy; appointing coordinators at
each of the nation's ports of entry to oversee drug policy and intelligence
locally; ensuring that agencies have adequate staffing; and providing
technology that will help border officers.

The border coordinator, who will probably be based in El Paso, will be the
linchpin. He or she will be empowered to cut across the many jurisdictional
lines and pull together the nearly two dozen agencies charged with different
aspects of enforcement.

Those different areas include drug interdiction, processing of cargo,
stopping illegal immigration and facilitating legal immigration.

"I don't think the guy ought to operationally control the border - directing
people to move from one spot to another - but should do policy planning,"
Mr. McCaffrey said.

Though the proposal raises questions about some agencies losing part of
their jealously guarded autonomy, Mr. McCaffrey said he had already seen
support among different organizations, including the U.S. Customs Service
and the Border Patrol.

"The problem will be that every one of these seven departments of the
[federal] government has its own congressional committee, its own laws, its
own budget," he said. "So how do we put together a concept that they will
find attractive?"

U.S. Rep. Silvestre Reyes, a former Border Patrol official and an
enthusiastic supporter of Mr. McCaffrey's idea, agreed that getting the
government to accept the idea will be the hardest part.

"I think that's going to be one of the main challenges that we're going to
face," said Mr. Reyes, D-El Paso, who briefly joined Mr. McCaffrey's tour.
"I know the main challenge is being able to create a mandate to do it. Once
it's mandated, it will be done."

Critics questioned the need for a border coordinator, however.

"Why does the drug czar need to hire someone else to do his job? How many
sub-czars are needed to win the war against drugs?," said U.S. Rep. Lamar
Smith, R-San Antonio, chairman of the House immigration subcommittee.

"The administration should confront drug smugglers with more Border Patrol
agents, not an election-year public relations campaign."

Texas Executes Man For 1988 Murders ('The Associated Press'
Says Reputed Marijuana Smuggler Genaro Ruiz Camacho Was Executed By Injection
In Huntsville, Texas, Wednesday For Murdering A Man Who Unwittingly Stumbled
Into A Kidnap Plot That Also Left A Woman And Her 3-Year-Old Son Dead)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Texas Executes pot smuggler for 1988 Murders
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:26:13 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Texas Executes Man for 1988 Murders

HUNTSVILLE, Texas (AP)--A reputed marijuana smuggler was executed by
injection Wednesday for the murder of a man who unwittingly stumbled into a
kidnap plot that also left a woman and her 3-year-old son dead.

The three slayings in 1988 were among at least five that authorities linked
to Genaro Ruiz Camacho, 43, who police said ran a drug ring that brought
marijuana from Mexico and who used killings to keep people in line.

``He was such a vicious murderer he scared off his own people,'' Sue
Korioth, an assistant district attorney in Dallas, said.

Camacho was condemned for the May 1988 shooting of David Wilburn, 25, who
stopped by the home of a neighbor soon after Camacho and his gang members
had arrived there to collect a heroin debt.

Wilburn was ordered to the floor and shot immediately in the head. The
neighbor escaped, but a woman at the house, Evellyn Banks, 31, and her
3-year-old son, Andre, were abducted. The mother and child were shot three
days later.

Camacho had seemed cheerful while greeting witnesses he invited to watch him
die. He called two daughters and a former wife by name and repeatedly said
he loved them.

``I'll be with you,'' he said. ``I'll be waiting for you in heaven. I love
you all.''

Camacho was the 12th convicted killer to be executed this year in Texas.
Last year, a record 37 executions were carried out.

Study Questions DARE Program ('The Houston Chronicle'
Says An Independent Report By University Of Houston Social Sciences Professor
Bruce Gay, Released Wednesday, Found Houston's $3.7 Million-A-Year
DARE Program May Not Be Working In Steering Youngsters
From Substance Abuse)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: TX Study questions DARE program
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 21:00:05 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

9:23 PM 8/26/1998

Study questions DARE program
It's `only marginally successful' in steering youth from drug abuse

Copyright 1998 Houston Chronicle

An independent report released Wednesday found Houston's $3.7 million-a-year
DARE program "only marginally successful" in steering youngsters from
substance abuse.

The study, by University of Houston social sciences professor Bruce Gay,
suggests the Drug Abuse Resistance Education curriculum in local schools may
not be working.

"There is very little compelling evidence to suggest that the primary goal
of the DARE program is being reached at a statistically significant level,"
Gay concludes.

The results track other U.S. studies that have similarly questioned the
effectiveness of DARE, an anti-drug and anti-alcohol program started in Los
Angeles in 1983 and currently taught in an estimated 10,000 cities

About 27,000 fifth-graders and 24,000 seventh-graders participate in DARE
programs in Houston.

The Houston Police Department's DARE program costs $3.7 million a year to
operate, including $3.3 million to pay the administrative cost of salaries
and benefits for the 63 involved officers.

Earlier this year, Mayor Lee Brown rebuffed highly skeptical City Council
members who sought to cut the DARE funding in the city budget.

Councilman Ray Driscoll, who led the attempt to reduce DARE funding by 50
percent, said Wednesday the UH report vindicates his sentiments about the
program's effectiveness.

"I would like to see at least half of that money go to assessing other
programs -- because there are other programs out there that work," Driscoll
said. "Regardless of what the powers that be are saying, this program looks
like it's not working."

Brown and Police Chief C.O. Bradford said they remain strongly behind DARE,
with Bradford saying he will use the study's results to fine-tune the
program to better serve children.

"Marginally successful doesn't mean woefully a failure to me," Bradford
said. "I'm pleased with the report in that it does not indicate the program
is a failure."

Brown noted the study found that four of DARE's 12 objectives were being
achieved through the program.

"DARE does work," said Brown, former national drug policy adviser to
President Clinton. "We are going to work toward finding better ways to make
DARE more effective."

The study is based on an analysis of 1,771 surveys distributed at 23 schools
in the Houston Independent School District. The ethnic breakdown was 54.6
percent Hispanic, 21 percent black, 18 percent Anglo and 6.5 percent other.

Survey-takers compared students' attitudes and opinions before and after
participating in DARE, with those of youngsters who did not participate in

The report noted, however that DARE's primary objective -- "to prevent or
reduce drug abuse and violence among children and youth" -- may start off
with a major obstacle in the form of early drug use among kids.

Among students surveyed prior to participating in the DARE program --
generally, fifth-graders -- 15 percent had tried drugs, 18 percent had tried
tobacco and 32 percent had tried alcohol.

When survey-takers returned at the conclusion of the DARE program in May to
measure responses again, they found that drug usage was up 29 percent,
tobacco usage up 34 percent and alcohol increased 4 percent.

"While it is true that, even before participating in the DARE program, a
significant number of children were already experimenting with controlled
substances, some habitually," the report notes, "the DARE program was unable
to encourage its own participants, while in the program, to prevent or
reduce drug abuse."

Councilman Carroll Robinson, calling such "marginal success" insufficient,
questioned what DARE is providing the city for the money.

"I think there is going to be some support on council to look at the level
of funding," Robinson said. "It's good to rally kids, but if you want to
solve problems, you have to get beyond the rally and the rah-rah."

The report notes using police officers as DARE instructors did not have a
consistently positive effect on students in the program.

Prior to DARE, 22 percent of students in the schools offering DARE said they
thought officers were "mean." After taking part in DARE, 26.7 percent of
students said officers are "mean."

But, the report noted, in the control group of students not participating in
DARE, 48 percent said they thought police were mean during the first round
of surveys, while 33 percent said so in follow-up surveys.

"This type of response was unpredicted and makes the issue more, rather than
less, ambiguous," Gay noted.

The report did find some areas where DARE is effective. The four objectives
where DARE made a positive difference include changing beliefs about drug
use, learning ways to say no, managing stress and making decisions about
risky behaviors.

Less successful were: Considering consequences, understanding the effects of
drugs, building self-esteem, learning assertiveness, nonviolent ways to deal
with anger, handling media influences, positive alternatives and resisting

Bradford said one strong possibility is starting DARE education in the
fourth grade, rather than fifth, and targeting specific schools for DARE

"Perhaps the children most at risk are not being helped early enough," he
said, adding "some need it more than others."

Councilman Rob Todd, who stopped short of withdrawing his longtime support
of DARE, questioned the survey's methodology, noting that Houston has many
other school districts not included in the report.

"I don't think that anyone has said DARE is perfect," Todd said. "I do think
the city needs to craft some approach to fight the drug problem in this
city, particularly when it comes to kids."

Cumberland County Jail Medical Staff Defend HIV Drug Policy
(An Excerpt From A 'Boston Globe' Article Says AIDS Patient David McNally
Is Suing Jail Officials In Maine For Denying Him Anti-HIV Medications -
The Opinion Of Jail Personnel Caught Practicing Medicine Without A License
Is Described As 'Complete Nonsense' By McNally's Doctor)

Date: Fri, 28 Aug 1998 05:38:47 EDT
Errors-To: jnr@insightweb.com
Reply-To: friends@freecannabis.org
Originator: friends@freecannabis.org
Sender: friends@freecannabis.org
From: "ralph sherrow" (ralphkat@hotmail.com)
To: Multiple recipients of list (friends@freecannabis.org)
Subject: forwards including friends

From: FilmMakerZ@aol.com Save Address Block Sender
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 1998 14:55:54 EDT
Subject: PWA suing jail for denying him anti-HIV medications

Here's an interesting excerpt about someone who is suing because he was
denied his medications in jail:

"Cumberland County Jail Medical Staff Defend HIV Drug Policy"
Boston Globe Online (08/26/98)

In Maine, Cumberland County Jail medical personnel suggest that
David McNally, a former inmate, may have been denied anti-HIV drug
treatment because he had missed some doses prior to his imprisonment.
McNally is suing the jail's medical department--specifically, Prison
Health Services, a Tennessee-based organization hired by the
jail--claiming that they withheld medication for three days while he was

In a statement to county commissioners, medical officials assert
that the continuation of treatment after interruption in HIV patients
could increase subject risks. McNally's physician, Dr. Owen Pickus,
said, "They're suggesting in some obtuse fashion that starting the
treatment back would do some kind of harm. That's complete nonsense."

Parolees Given Surprise Drug Test ('The Associated Press'
Notes Surprise Urine Tests Administered By The Rhode Island Department
Of Corrections Will Result In 28 Of 78 Parolees Going Back To Prison -
The Idea Was To Save Money By Complying With Federal Requirements
For Crime Fighting Grants, But The News Service Doesn't Mention
The Final Estimated Loss In State Revenue, Nor That The New Prisoners
Will Be Classified As Parole Violators Rather Than Drug Offenders)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: RI Parolees given surprise drug test
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:21:21 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Parolees given surprise drug test
Associated Press, 08/26/98 07:58

CRANSTON, R.I. (AP) - The letters from the Department of Corrections told 78
parolees to report to the prison for a special program.

The 74 people who showed up probably didn't have urinating in a cup in mind.

As part of a crackdown on drug use by parolees, the state has instituted its
first comprehensive testing of parolees to meet federal requirements for
crime fighting grants. The state faced the possibility of losing grants if
it failed to enact a drug testing program for its 611 parolees.

In the tests Tuesday night, 24 people failed. Those who refused to attend
also faced arrest.

It appeared many of the parolees did not expect to face a drug test. One man
brought a lunch, another some pornographic magazines. A woman who brought
her baby was told she could go home.

Those whose urine samples failed the test were detained pending a hearing
before the Parole Board.

Decline Is Seen In Legal Help For City's Poor ('The New York Times'
Says That Three Years After New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's
Administration Instituted Changes It Said Would Improve Legal Services
For The Poor And Save Money For Taxpayers, An Eight-Member Committee
Appointed By The Appellate Division Of The State Supreme Court Has Released
A Report, Unidentified By The Newspaper, That Concludes The Quality
Of Legal Help For Indigent Defendants In Manhattan Is Actually Getting Worse)

From: MLetwin@aol.com
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 16:14:04 EDT
Subject: Giuliani Attack on Indigent Defense Representation

Decline Is Seen in Legal Help for City's Poor

The New York Times
Aug. 26, 1998

NEW YORK -- Three years after Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's administration
instituted changes it said would improve legal services for the poor and
save money for taxpayers, a court-appointed panel has concluded that the
quality of legal help for indigent defendants in Manhattan is actually
getting worse.

The report said two factors have combined to overwhelm the system: a record
increase in the number of people arrested in Manhattan under the city's
crackdown on quality-of-life crimes and a decrease in the Legal Aid
Society's budget. The study said services provided in Manhattan by Legal
Aid, the nonprofit group that handles roughly 60 percent of indigent
defendants in the borough, failed to meet minimum standards for good
representation, and it urged changes in the system.

The report found that Legal Aid lawyers in Manhattan were overworked,
handling an average of 650 cases each in the 1997 fiscal year. Legal Aid
lawyers frequently did not show up in court, the report said, and indigent
clients sometimes spent all day waiting in a courtroom -- or jail cell --
only to have a substitute Legal Aid lawyer arrive and postpone, or
mishandle, the hearing.

In the wake of a 1994 strike by Legal Aid lawyers, the Giuliani
administration set out to break what it called Legal Aid's monopoly and
invited other nonprofit groups to bid for contracts to represent the city's
poor as court-appointed lawyers.

Over the last two years, city officials have taken funds away from Legal
Aid and awarded them to a half-dozen new groups that won contracts to
represent about 30 percent of the indigent clients across the city. The new
groups each agreed to represent a set number of clients, while Legal Aid
agreed to handle the rest. 

But with a record number of court cases flowing into the system, Legal Aid
has ended up handling the same number of cases it did in 1994 with a budget
that is 30 percent smaller. Working conditions and morale are so poor at
Legal Aid, the report said, that many of its best lawyers are moving to the
new nonprofit groups.

Michele Maxian, director of Legal Aid's criminal division, said the society
was still providing quality legal services for the poor but that the new
system would not work without more financing. "An infinite number of cases
for a finite amount of money is not working for us," she said. "We and the
city need to look at how we do our contract."

But Steven Fishner, Giuliani's criminal justice coordinator, said the new
system was working. The problem, he said, is a lack of efficiency and a need
for better management at Legal Aid. "We think the system is functioning very
well," he said. "Competition is a good thing. It will make the Legal Aid
Society into a better organization."

The authors of the report, an eight-member committee appointed by the
Appellate Division of State Supreme Court, emphasized that the problems the
panel found involved defendants facing misdemeanor charges and that clients
facing more serious charges like murder were being well represented by Legal
Aid lawyers. They also said that in the Bronx, the other borough studied,
Legal Aid was providing adequate services for all of its clients.

City and court officials noted that the report was advisory and said the
city faced little threat in the short term of being forced to modify its new
system. The most likely source of a confrontation, they said, would be a
class action suit in federal court by Legal Aid clients contending that the
system effectively deprives them of their right to a court-appointed lawyer,
but no such suit has yet been filed.

The report said that along with its contract with Legal Aid, the city pays
New York Defender Services $4.5 million a year to handle 12,500 cases; the
Bronx Defenders, $3.6 million to handle 10,000 cases, and the Center for
Appellate Litigation, $1.4 million to handle 200 appeals.

Legal Aid Society spokeswoman Pat Bath said the group signed a new contract
this summer that commits it to handling all clients not covered by other
nonprofit organizations across the city until 2000. But each year the group
renegotiates its budget, which has shrunk from $79.3 million in fiscal 1994
to $52 million in fiscal 1999.

Defense lawyers, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said Legal Aid
officials were divided over whether the society should limit the number of
clients it takes on in order to improve service. If it set a limit, the
society would be relinquishing its role as the city's primary provider of
court-appointed lawyers, they said.

Defense lawyers have long asserted that the new system was an attempt by
Giuliani, a former prosecutor, to eliminate Legal Aid and weaken the
political power of court-appointed lawyers by dividing them among several
nonprofit groups.

But Fishner said the administration's goal was to strengthen both the
system and Legal Aid. He said competitive bidding was already making Legal
Aid a more dynamic organization and praised the group for management changes
it has already made. But he said the group needed to do more.

Fishner said Legal Aid spends more per case than other nonprofit groups, a
claim that Ms. Maxian of Legal Aid disputed.

Klaus Eppler, the lawyer who headed the court-appointed committee, declined
to comment on the bulk of the report but said a permanent staff should be
set up to monitor the new system. "It's important that we keep our eye on
the ultimate goal," he said, "which is that every defendant not just have
some minimal representation, but quality, professional representation."

Wednesday, August 26, 1998
Copyright 1998 The New York Times

Defense Attorneys 'Decided To Go For The Hail Mary Pass' ('The Roanoke Times'
In Virginia Describes The Jury Acquittal Of O'Neil Henry, Busted
On Interstate 81 In Wythe County While Driving A Truck Loaded With Just Under
A Ton Of Marijuana That Prohibition Agents Valued At $6.5 Million,
The Largest Highway Seizure Of Pot In State History)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 12:00:05 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US VA: Defense Attorneys 'Decided to go for the Hail Mary Pass'
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: compassion23@geocities.com (Frank S. World)
Source: Roanoke Times (VA)
Contact: karent@roanoke.com
Website: http://www.roanoke.com/roatimes/index.html
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Author: Mike Hudson - The Roanoke Times


Man caught with trailer load of pot found not guilty

The defendant claimed he never got out of the cab when the second load --
the pot -- was put on the truck.

Defense attorneys David Boone and Michael Morchower have done enough drug
cases to know this one sounded like a loser.

In March -- on a Friday the 13th no less -- their client had been caught on
Interstate 81 in Wythe County driving a tractor trailer loaded with just
under a ton of marijuana.

State police estimated its street value at $6.5 million, and called it the
largest highway seizure of pot in Virginia history.

What's more, a drug agent maintained that the truck's driver, a Jamaican
immigrant who now lives in New York, had admitted knowing that the
plastic-wrapped bundles of marijuana had been stuffed in the back of the
truck alongside a load of mangos from Texas.

"We felt we were doomed," Boone said.

Boone and Morchower, both Richmond attorneys, told their client that juries
almost always believe police officers, and they rarely turn loose a
defendant when huge amounts of drugs are involved. If he pleaded guilty, he
could get as little as six years in prison. If he went to trial and lost,
he was looking at 12 to 14 years.

"Ninety-nine percent of my clients would have folded," Boone says. "I would
have folded."

But O'Neil Henry wouldn't give in. He swore he didn't know about the pot in
back of the truck. He wanted to take his case to a jury.

On Monday in U.S. District Court in Roanoke, Boone said, he and Morchower
"decided to go for the Hail Mary pass" -- they argued that the state
trooper had changed his story about Henry's "confession."

On Monday evening, after less than three hours behind closed doors, the
jurors announced their verdict: Not guilty.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Anthony Giorno said he doubts that defense
attorneys' efforts to attack the state police agent's testimony was the
"make-or-break issue" in the case.

At least one juror, Lloyd A. Young of Roanoke, agreed. "I don't think that
made any difference. They pick on them poor police officers -- like they're
the ones on trial."

Young said he simply believed Henry's testimony that he never got out of
the cab when his tractor trailer's second load -- apparently the shipment
of pot -- was put on the truck.

"It was a crazy trial," Young said. "I just don't think there was enough
evidence to convict him."

A co-defendant, fellow New Yorker Dennis A. McCarthy, 35, is scheduled for
trial today.

Henry, who is a naturalized U.S. citizen, didn't have a criminal record
before he was arrested this past spring in Wythe County. He has driven a
delivery truck for the New York Times for the past seven years, and says he
occasionally picked up extra money as a long-distance driving partner with

He said he and McCarthy took on a three-quarters' load of mangos in Texas
along the Mexican border and then filled the rest of the trailer with a
second load arranged by a man that McCarthy talked to at a truck stop
farther north.

Henry claimed in court that he stayed in the cab while the second cargo was
loaded. With the doors open, he said, he couldn't see what it was, and
McCarthy never told him.

Just before noon March 13, Henry was behind the wheel and McCarthy was in
the sleeper when State Police Sgt. H.F. Wray spotted an illegal blue light
bulb on the back of their cab.

He pulled them over, ran a license check and found that both of their
driver's licenses had been suspended for failing to pay fines.

Wray asked if he could search the truck. He said both agreed.

By then, Special Agent Andrew Metro had arrived. Wray opened the back of
the trailer and saw stacks of black clothing bags. He drew his gun and
ordered the truckers down on the ground, and Metro handcuffed them.

Wray opened one bag and found bales wrapped in plastic. He slit one open
and found marijuana inside.

Metro said in a police report that when he questioned Henry about 45
minutes later, Henry told him: "I'm not sure where we were when we picked
up the marijuana. I wasn't paying attention to where."

Boone says he told Henry last week that the case looked bad for him, but
Henry told him: "I'll trust in God."

On Friday, Boone and Morchower got a fax from Giorno. The prosecutor said
he had been going over the evidence with Metro, and Metro had informed him
of a new piece of information: "I was advised by Agent Metro that when Mr.
Henry was lying on the ground ... after marijuana was found, he made a
spontaneous statement that, 'This was my first time, I knew we shouldn't
have done it.'"

Boone said he and Morchower were perplexed that this seemingly damning
statement had not been included in previous police reports, or passed on to
the prosecutor until the Friday before the trial.

But on the witness stand, Metro said that Giorno's fax was inaccurate:
Henry hadn't just blurted it out -- he had made the statement only after
Metro began questioning the two men as they lay on ground. This was an
important point, because Henry hadn't yet been read his rights.

And, Metro testified, Giorno didn't have the wording of the statement right
either -- Henry had actually said "We should not have done it. I needed the

Metro said it was all just a misunderstanding between him and Giorno.

Giorno said in an interview later that he takes full blame for any
confusion: "I don't believe that Andy Metro was attempting to mislead me or
anyone else."

When Henry's turn to testify came, he claimed he hadn't said anything to
Metro while he was on the ground. And he said his later statement about
"when we picked up the marijuana" had been based on what the officers had
told him -- that there was pot in the truck.

At 8:15 p.m. Monday, the jury indicated it had a decision. Henry was
sobbing -- Boone says his tears were splashing onto the defense table -- as
he waited for the verdict.

Then Henry's brush with the law, which had begun on a Friday the 13th, was over.

Outside the courtroom, he turned to Boone and told his lawyer: The jury had
acquitted him on his 37th birthday.

Success Is Unacceptable If It's Not Our Way ('The Los Angeles Times'
Prints An Excerpt From Mike Gray's Book, 'Drug Crazy,'
Describing A Successful Heroin Maintenance Program In Liverpool, England,
Shut Down By The Narco-Imperialistic United States After It Was Publicized
On America's '60 Minutes')

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 19:06:11 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Success Is Unacceptable If It's Not Our Way
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Jim Rosenfield
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Contact: letters@latimes.com
Fax: 213-237-4712
Website: http://www.latimes.com/
Author: Mike Gary


Drugs: A U.K. clinic helping heroin addicts live decent lives is
closed after U.S. enforcers object to its unorthodox approach.

Maureen was a 19-year-old Irish redhead when she married a rich kid
from Manchester who gave her three children and introduced her to
heroin. A few years later he decided to run off with a younger woman,
so he left Maureen with the kids, no money and a serious heroin habit.

For the next several years, she moved the kids from one
bed-and-breakfast to another, supporting herself with prostitution and
shoplifting, all the time frantically chasing the dragon. Like most
addicts, she tried to kick the habit repeatedly without success.

Finally the authorities were breathing down her neck and she knew she
was about to lose her children. Desperate, a friend steered her to a
clinic in suburban Liverpool, where her life was instantly

John Marks, a bearded Welsh psychiatrist who ran the clinic, examined
her and determined that she was indeed a heroin addict.

So he wrote her a prescription for heroin and told her to come back in
a week.

Almost unbelieving, she took the slip of paper to the pharmacist up
the street and he filled it without batting an eye. As she stood at
the counter staring at the small round container of pure heroin, an
odd sensation washed over her. The auger of panic that had been
twisting her gut every waking moment for a decade was spinning down.
For the first time in memory, she had a tiny bit of brain space that
wasn't focused on how to get the next fix. It began to dawn on her
that it no longer made any difference whether she could get the cash
or whether her dealer would show up or whether the stuff was any good
or whether cops would beat her to it.

As she slipped the package into her purse, she caught a glimpse of
herself in the glass and for the first time in 10 years she stopped to
take a serious look. She was stunned. Then she glanced down at her
children, and she said, "Oh, my God." In an instant, the morality that
had been instilled in her as a child came flooding back: "I felt so
disgusted." Over the next weeks and months, her dose was stabilized at
a point that allowed her to function without suffering withdrawal, and
within a year her life had been completely turned around. She had a
job, her kids were in school, and she was talking about going back to
college. The paper John Marks handed her almost nonchalantly turned
out to be a passport out of hell.

Unfortunately, the Liverpool clinic--one of the last of the old
British heroin maintenance programs--was featured on a CBS "60
Minutes" broadcast and U.S. drug enforcers went into

The success of the clinic--a 90% drop in the local crime rate, zero
cases of AIDS, moving people off welfare rolls into productive
jobs--flew in the face of American drug war orthodoxy.

Marks was warned by friends in the Home Office that the
U.S. Embassy was exerting tremendous pressure to shut him down, and in the
end they were successful. The 450 patients Marks had been serving were
kicked into the street and told to find a detox program where they
could learn to give up their evil ways. "Two years later," said Marks,
"25 of the addicts were dead." And what of Maureen, the heroin user
with three children who planned to go to college? "I saw Maureen the
other day," said Marks. "She was desperate, back to criminality; a lot
of her friends are back in prison. She's on the streets. She saw me in
passing and asked if I could take her back on. Her doctor tried to
refer her to me, but the Health Authority refused to defray the
costs." And so the state, in its righteous determination to set
everything straight, has managed to teach Maureen and her children a

It's one they won't soon forget.

Mike Gray Is the Author of "Drug Crazy: How We Got Into This Mess and How We
Can Get Out" (Random House, 1998), From Which This Is Excerpted.

Copyright 1998 Los Angeles Times. All Rights Reserved

Just Say No, Mac ('Toronto Star' Sports Reporter Randy Starkman
Says Mark McGwire, The St. Louis Cardinal Pursuing Baseball's Home-Run Record
While Using Androstenedione To Enhance His Performance,
Is A Pharmaceutically Enhanced Marvel Who Should Not Be Measured
Against Roger Maris)
Link to earlier story
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 10:31:16 -0400 To: mattalk@islandnet.com From: Dave Haans (haans@chass.utoronto.ca) Subject: TorStar: Just say no, Mac Newshawk: Dave Haans Source: The Toronto Star (Canada) Pubdate: Wednesday, August 26, 1998 Page: C1 Website: http://www.thestar.com Contact: lettertoed@thestar.com Opinion Just say no, Mac McGwire is cheating with substance-aided assault on 61 homers By Randy Starkman Toronto Star Sports Reporter Mark McGwire is a pharmaceutically enhanced marvel whose home run heroics should not be measured against those of Roger Maris. That's evident to anybody prepared to look at the situation honestly - which doesn't apply to anyone involved in Major League Baseball. The bottom line is that McGwire is using an artificial aid in his pursuit of Maris' mark. That makes comparisons between the two unfair to Maris. McGwire has admitted to regular use of the substance androstenedione for more than a year. Androstenedione is not banned in baseball, but is outlawed by the International Olympic Committee, the National Football League and the NCAA, all of which classify it is an anabolic steroid. Whether androstenedione should be categorized as an anabolic steroid is a matter of great debate in the scientific community, but one fact is not - androstenedione converts to testosterone in the body. Elevated testosterone levels help an athlete train harder and recover more quickly. This, in turn, enables an athlete to build more muscle and increase his power. The scientists and doctors argue about the efficacy of androstenedione, but they rarely understand the effects of these substances like the athletes who are ingesting them. McGwire obviously believes it works. Otherwise why would he be taking it for more than a year? And are we to believe it's just coincidence that he's been on target for Maris' record of 61 homers the past two seasons at the same time he discovered this strength-building drug? Is it also mere coincidence that fellow androstenedione user and former teammate Jose Canseco is enjoying a rebirth this season with the Blue Jays after having started to use the stuff six months ago? McGwire said it's reduced the number of injuries he incurs in a baseball season. Undoubtedly, it also helps combat the fatigue of a long season - and a pressure-filled record chase. Bet Maris could have used something like that when he was chasing Babe Ruth. One need only look at the physiology of Maris and McGwire to understand we're not talking about apples and apples here. We're talking apples and watermelons. According to Total Baseball, Maris was 6 feet tall and 197 pounds, while McGwire is 6-foot-5 and 250 pounds. Maris was no imposing physical specimen, while McGwire looks as if he could bench press an ocean liner. It's not just a matter of better nutrition through the years, although the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. lists androstenedione as a ``nutritional supplement.'' But androstenedione is the same substance used with great success by the East Germans. These guys knew a thing or two about performance-enhancing drugs and usually had a lot of research to back them up. Let's face it. Physically, Mark McGwire is a monster. The Dr. Frankensteins, in this instance, are the sporting mores of the time. He has been created, in a sense, by all of us. This is a societal issue as much as it's a sports issue. Pro sports has not been held up to any ethical standard, particularly when it comes to performance-enhancing drugs. That's why every pro sport has a laughable drug policy. They've never had to worry about it. There's been little to no scrutiny by the media or the public. And now look what happens when there is some scrutiny. Everyone in baseball wants to shoot the messenger - the Associated Press reporter who looked into McGwire's locker and wrote about what he saw. Supercilious St. Louis manager Tony LaRussa whines that AP should be banned from the locker room. They're missing the point - or rather trying to deflect attention away from it. The issue is whether what McGwire's doing is right. Sure, it's not against baseball's rules. But then baseball really doesn't have any rules that have any teeth when it comes to performance-enhancing drugs. What really must be examined is the culture that is being created in sport. Athletes should not be expected to fulfil the job of role model - that's a parent's responsibility - but what goes on at the top level in a sport does filter down. Kids watch these pro athletes. Many want to emulate them. In McGwire's case, one of the main messages youth will get is that bigger is better. Many will look at McGwire and figure that if androstenedione does the trick for him, then that must be the way to go. Where does it stop? NFL linemen are typically 300-pounds plus these days. Hockey players are outgrowing the rink. Smaller, skilled players such as Paul Kariya are facing extinction. Size is becoming such a factor in sports. How many times do you hear about an athlete who has to ``bulk up'' in the off-season in order to compete. We'd have to be naive to think that androstenedione is being used exclusively in baseball. So many of these athletes from different sports go to similar strength trainers, all of whom are aware of everything that's on the market. If McGwire's a big fan of this stuff, you can bet there are a lot of pro athletes similarly enamored. So what route is a youngster who wants to compete for a job in pro sports going to take? If Joe Blow is earning big bucks as an enforcer in the NHL and using substances like androstendione to add brawn, then that puts the new kid on the block who has to go toe-to-toe with him in a difficult position. And the thing about the NHL, Major League Baseball and the NBA is those athletes don't have to stick to such substances as androstenedione. It's probably pretty benign compared to what some athletes are using. John Kordic fueled his NHL career with steroids. Because they're not tested, these players can just go ahead and use the granddaddy of anabolics - straight testosterone. One has to wonder whether there's some correlation between the use of these drugs and what seems to be a rising incidence of violence away from the sporting arenas among athletes. The drugs are known to increase aggressiveness. It's one of the reasons NFLers value them so much. Then there's the question of future health risks. No published research has been done on androstenedione. The way the Food and Drug Administration is set up, androstenedione doesn't come under any regulations in the U.S. There is no requirement for research before such a product hits the market and it is not subject to any food labelling laws. McGwire says he trusts the people who supply his ``nutritional supplements'' and he's sure they're not harmful. But he doesn't know that for sure. No one does. The jury is also still out on another popular muscle-building supplement, creatine, which is being hailed by many as a legal, safe alternative to steroids and is used widely by high-performance athletes - including McGwire. Creatine is not as controversial as androstenedione and not banned by the IOC because it does not convert to testosterone. The Association of Professional Team Physicians, made up of 120 team doctors across sport, has recommended that androstenedione be taken off the over-the-counter market and banned in all competitive sports. They consider it to be an anabolic steroid. Dr. William Straw, team doctor with the San Franciscio Giants and a member of the association, said he's even more concerned about the potential effects on youth than he is on pro ballplayers. ``Unfortunately, every little kid who sees Mark McGwire and sees this will think this must be good and they're going to want to get to their local health food store to get it,'' said Straw. ``They're going to want to be like Mark. For young people to take anabolic steroids is even more serious.'' The people who run this country's anti-doping program, the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport, say that the people who run professional sport have to decide if they're in the sports business or the entertainment business. And that if they're in the sport business, they'd better get serious about the drug issue. They've got a point. Because when you look at what McGwire and Canseco and others are doing, you have to wonder if it makes them that much different from the artificially pumped-up pro wrestlers. In some ways, the only difference seems to be the costumes. We seem to be heading more and more down the path of American Gladiators. Looking at pictures of American shot putter Randy Barnes in USA Today and the one of McGwire in The Star yesterday, one couldn't help but notice McGwire's awesome arms were of similar shape to the big pipes on Barnes. Yet use of androstenedione has Barnes facing a lifetime ban from his sport. He tested positive for the substance recently, his second positive drug test. Two strikes and you're out in Olympic sport. The Barnes parallel is a good one. Barnes and others of his ilk have over the years created an environment where it's believed you have to use drugs to win medals in the throwing events in track and field. Canada has two brilliant young talents in Jason Tunks (discus) and Brad Snyder (shot put). They're left to wonder whether they have any chance of making it on sheer talent and hard work alone. They shouldn't have to be asking themselves that question, but more and more athletes in more and more sports will face the dilemma unless the current crisis is faced. In the meantime, the merits of McGwire's quest for home run history should continue to be debated. When pressed on the issue this past weekend, McGwire insisted: ``Everything I've done is natural.'' Of course, that all depends on your definition of natural. ``The word natural is a misused term in that it seems to imply wholesomeness and that it's good for you,'' said Dr. Straw. ``It (androstenedione) is natural in that you could find it in nature. But arsenic is also natural. And it's a poison. There are a lot of things that are natural that aren't good for you.'' Nor good for sport.

McGwire's Spiked Swing Raises Health Questions ('The Chicago Tribune'
Tries The Fear-Mongering Approach To Baseball Star Mark McGwire's
Use Of Androstenedione)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 11:57:05 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: McGwire's Spiked Swing Raises Health Questions
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Steve Young 
Source: Chicago Tribune (IL)
Contact: tribletter@aol.com
Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Author: Rick Morrissey and Bruce Japsen
Section: Sec. 1, p. 1


Eleven weeks ago, or 24 home runs ago in Mark McGwire time, General
Nutrition Centers sent an internal memo to the managers of its 3,700 stores

The message was brief and direct: Don't sell androstenedione, an
over-the-counter nutritional supplement. Even though no definitive studies
had shown any dangerous side effects from androstenedione, GNC was
increasingly concerned about a product that was purported to raise
testosterone levels and thus enhance physical performance. Its own review
of scientific literature had raised questions.

"The decision was made on the lack of suitable short- and long-term
research demonstrating the safety of the product at various intake levels
and concern about the potential impact of product abuse," GNC said in a
June 9 memo obtained by the Tribune. "It was concluded that up through this
time, the use of androstenedione without risk of adverse events cannot be

The memo, confirmed by company officials, only adds to the debate
surrounding McGwire, the St. Louis Cardinals' star who along with the Cubs'
Sammy Sosa is pursuing Roger Maris' single-season home run record.

McGwire has acknowledged that he regularly takes androstenedione, a
substance that when taken orally is broken down by the body into
testosterone, the male sex hormone.

Producers of the supplement say it enhances energy and, in tandem with
exercise, encourages muscle growth.

Critics say the supplement is too new to understand fully and could have
harmful side effects. The voices are loud on both sides.

"I think potentially it is dangerous," said Dr. Gary Wadler, who has
written extensively on performance-enhancing drugs. "I think it's different
from other dietary supplements for a specific reason: It's a steroid
hormone that is converted in the body into testosterone."

"If somebody like a Mark McGwire is taking 100 milligrams a day, I don't
expect him to have any untoward side effects," said Dr. Robert Goldman, the
chief medical officer of the International Medical Commission.

In the meantime, McGwire might want to consider something else about

It doesn't work very well, if at all.

At least that's the conclusion of Tim Ziegenfuss and Lonnie Lowery, who are
among a handful of researchers examining androstenedione. They recently
found that the substance increases blood testosterone levels about 15
percent, which they say is statistically irrelevant.

"I wouldn't take this androstenedione any further in our research than what
I've taken it," said Ziegenfuss, an associate professor of exercise
medicine at Eastern Michigan University. "I don't think it would benefit
performance right now at the dose we studied--100 milligrams."

If anything, Ziegenfuss said, McGwire is taking the wrong compound. The
more potent pick is androstenediol, the next generation of androstenedione
and one that raises blood testosterone levels about 45 percent, he said.
That, too, is sold over the counter.

"If he's taking androstenedione, he made a bad choice," Ziegenfuss said.
"He's not talking to the right person."

Surely when Abner Doubleday worked to popularize baseball in the mid-19th
Century, he couldn't have foreseen the day when a player would be accused
of considering a medicine cabinet as standard equipment. But that's what
McGwire is faced with as he goes after Maris' record of 61 home runs.
McGwire had 53 as of Tuesday, but his road might have grown a bit rougher
with the accusation that chemicals are helping his ride.

Already in its short life in the United States, androstenedione has had a
troubled existence. Critics say it's a drug. The federal government says
androstenedione is closer to a food and therefore doesn't need to be
regulated. The International Olympic Committee, the NFL and the NCAA have
banned it. Major League Baseball has not. The question is, what exactly is

The substance was introduced in the United States in the summer of 1996 by
Patrick Arnold, a chemist from Seymour, Ill., near Champaign. Arnold had
noticed that a German patent on the supplement didn't cover it being taken
orally, so he began manufacturing it here.

He recently became partners with MetRx, one of the leading health and
nutrition supplement companies in the country. MetRx has combined
androstenedione and androstenediol into one product.

Androstenedione raises the level of testosterone for about an hour after
ingestion. Raising the testosterone level can raise aggressiveness and help
during weight training. In essence, it is tricking the body into making
more testosterone, although in some men it produces an even bigger trick:
It produces estrogen, the female sex hormone.

"Its use is not really as an anabolic agent," said Arnold, 32. "Its use is
more of a pick-me-up, a short-term stimulator of testosterone to perhaps
heighten concentration and aggressiveness prior to an event. With that
usage, we suspect there are little adverse effects, since you're only
having a small increase in testosterone for a very short period of time.
That's generally how most people use the stuff."

But athletes and especially bodybuilders often believe that more is better,
that if 100 milligrams is called for, 300 would be three times better. And
critics especially are concerned about young athletes taking a substance
with such a brief history simply because McGwire does.

"Steroids all have one unique quality: The side effects don't show when
you're taking it," Wadler said. "They show up months, years and decades
later. . . . Example: People who take testosterone years later after
abusing steroids wound up with liver tumors, cholesterol problems,
cardiovascular problems, malignancies. The list goes on.

"Here's a substance that's in that same category, but people who are taking
it are under the belief that it's some innocuous substance. There is no
safety requirement because there are no claims being made that it's a drug.
However, the body is smarter than the FDA. The body recognizes that it's a
steroid hormone and converts it."

Androstenedione retails for between $25 and $40 for a bottle of 60
capsules, depending on the potency. Despite GNC's ban, it is available in
the Chicago area. Sherwyn's Health Food Shops sells it, pointing to medical
journals that say androstenedione hasn't been proved to cause serious
health risks.

"Peer review journals and biochemists have been very conclusive," said
Peter Maldonado, vitamin department manager at Sherwyn's. "It is not a drug
and doesn't prove to have the same health risks as anabolic steroids to
include liver toxicity."

Whether androstenedione is a benign muscle enhancer or a dormant hazard
remains to be seen. Whether it works is also up for debate.

In the end, one expert says, any benefit gained from androstenedione may
lie in what consumers think they will get from it.

"I am reminded of that old Latin business term, `placebo,' which means, `I
shall please,' " said Dr. Alan Rogol, of the Bethesda, Md.-based Endocrine
Society. "There's no proof anywhere that it is effective improving athletic
performance. (But) if you think it's going to help you, it may."

Ziegenfuss' data will be presented at a conference in Finland in November,
well after the home run chase is over. He and his partner are planning to
study the long-term effects of androstenedione on the body. Some wonder if
it won't come too late for McGwire and others who use it.

"Unfortunately, as is normal, athletes are, I'm certain, abusing this
substance and taking tons of it, and we just don't know what the effects
are at this point," Ziegenfuss said.

Meanwhile, the producers of androstenedione aren't complaining about the
McGwire debate. Business is good. Asked whether it helps when organizations
such as the NFL or IOC ban a substance, Arnold said:

"Yes, I'd imagine it does. Even if the substance really has no efficacy,
people will want to check it out."

Natural Supplement Boom Is Real, Not Showing Any Signs Of Abating
('The Chicago Tribune' Says Androstenedione, The Testosterone Producing Pill
Taken By St. Louis Cardinals Slugger Mark McGwire, Is Just A Tiny Fraction
Of The Burgeoning Market Ushered In By The Dietary Supplement Health
And Education Act Of 1994)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 19:53:24 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: US: Natural Supplement Boom
Is Real, Not Showing Any Signs Of Abating
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: Steve Young (theyoungfamily@worldnet.att.net)
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Source: Chicago Tribune (IL)
Contact: tribletter@aol.com
Website: http://www.chicago.tribune.com/
Author: Bruce Japsen
Section: Front Page


Whether they're called natural supplements, herbal vitamins or what
some on Wall Street know as "neutraceuticals," they're part of an
industry generating, by some estimates, $8 billion in annual sales.

From products like Melatonin, which helps induce sleep and is known to
prevent jet lag, to zinc tablets promoted to alleviate common cold
symptoms, these dietary supplements are more than just a passing fad,
industry analysts say. The sports nutrition segment of the supplement
industry is estimated at more than $1 billion.

"Gatorade was one of the more popular and first functional foods
introduced into the sports world, and look at it now," said William
Wong, an equity analyst with Salomon Smith Barney in New York.

The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 largely is
responsible for ushering in this new wave of products that include
vitamins, minerals, herbs and amino acids.

Androstenedione, the testosterone-producing pill taken by St. Louis
Cardinals slugger Mark McGwire, is just a tiny fraction of the
burgeoning market that falls under the act, which doesn't restrict the
sale of dietary supplements or require a physician's prescription to
purchase these products.

Scottsdale, Ariz.-based Olympian Labs, one of about eight known
manufacturers of Androstenedione, wouldn't comment when contacted Tuesday.

The four-year-old law set up regulatory standards for the supplements
separate from the Food and Drug Administration, according to the
Congressional Research Service in Washington. The law leaves the
industry largely unregulated when compared with pharmaceutical

Although Congress has had opportunities to amend the law, the most
recent landmark health legislation--the Health Insurance Portability
and Accountability Act of 1996--didn't mention regulation of
supplements or health food stores, the Congressional Research Service

Those who sell the products say there's little need for regulation
because "they are natural," said Peter Maldonado, Vitamin Department
Manager at Sherwyn's Health Food Shops Inc. in Chicago. "Drugs are not
naturally occurring in nature like (supplements) are."

Most supplements simply carry the label acknowledging that they have
not been evaluated by the FDA. The label goes on to say: "This product
is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease."

The consumer demand for these products is the primary driver behind
the decision by Sherwyn's to expand after operating just one store for
the last 25 years. Maldonado said a "superstore" at an undisclosed
Chicago location will open "very soon."

"We're here to complement the body's natural ability to strengthen its
immunity and longevity," Maldonado said.

As consumers become more health-conscious, the dietary-supplement
market is expected to grow even more.

"People know they have the ability to correct disease and prevent
illness," Maldonado said. "People don't always have to go to a doctor
for an upset stomach when they can take some ginger. Every year, this
business is becoming more monumental."

Drug May Combat Severe Social Shyness (A 'Newsday' Article
In 'The Seattle Times' Notes Research Published In This Week's
'Journal Of The American Medical Association' About Clinical Tests
Funded By SmithKline Beecham Of Its Drug, Paroxetine, Or Paxil,
Suggested The Antidepressant May Be Helpful To People With Severe
Social Anxiety)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Drug to overcome shyness
Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 20:16:38 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Copyright (c) 1998 The Seattle Times Company

Posted at 06:22 a.m. PDT; Wednesday, August 26, 1998
Drug may combat severe social shyness

by Jamie Talan

A widely used type of antidepressant also seems to help people with severe
social anxiety, a new study finds. For these people, standing in line at the
supermarket, going to the bank or even striking up a conversation with a
co-worker is painful.

A new study comparing SmithKline Beecham's drug, paroxetine (Paxil), to a
placebo offers hope that such people can feel more comfortable in social
interactions. The fact that the medicine worked so well - 55 percent of
those on the medicine improved substantially compared to 24 percent of those
on the placebo - also suggests that extreme shyness could be biological.

Dr. Murray Stein, lead author of the study, directs the anxiety and
traumatic-stress program at the University of California, San Diego.
Thirteen centers participated in the study, which was funded by SmithKline
Beecham. The results appear in this week's Journal of the American Medical

Stein and his colleagues tested the drug on half of the 187 people enrolled
in the study. Each of the patients was diagnosed with generalized social
phobia. All reported that they have lived with debilitating symptoms since
they were teen-agers or even younger. About half the group, Stein said,
believe they have always been inhibited.

Stein estimates that one in every 13 people falls victim to social phobias,
which lead them to avoid social situations entirely. Many patients have said
they chose careers in which they could work in isolation. Others said they
had turned down promotions because they would have to interact with people.

At the end of the 12-week study, more than half the people on the medicine
showed marked improvement on anxiety scores, compared to one-quarter of
those on placebo medicines. Stein said this difference was impressive,
especially for a psychiatric drug.

The drug, a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, regulates the brain
chemical serotonin. The fact that it has proved effective suggests that the
brain chemical may be involved in pathological shyness.

Mayor In Colombia More Like A Fugitive ('The Houston Chronicle'
Says That With Rebels, Paramilitaries And The Army All Fighting For Power
In Colombia's Remote Towns And Villages, Nestor Hernandez And Other Mayors
Have Found Themselves In A Crossfire)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 11:52:25 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Colombia: Mayor in Colombia More Like a Fugitive
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: adbryan@onramp.net
Source: Houston Chronicle (TX)
Contact: viewpoints@chron.com
Website: http://www.chron.com/
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Author: John Otis


He fears for his life from left and right

PUERTO ASIS, Colombia -- Just hours after Nestor Hernandez was sworn in as
mayor of this jungle town in southern Colombia, he was abducted by leftist
guerrillas, dragged across the border to Ecuador and tied to a tree.

That was his comeuppance for defying a rebel order banning newly elected
municipal officials from taking office last January. The guerrillas
released Hernandez after 11 days, but his troubles were just beginning.

In February, he earned the wrath of the Colombian army when he accused
officers of collaborating with right-wing paramilitary death squads. A few
days later, two grenades exploded in front of his house.

"I represent a very high risk of danger," said Hernandez, who took refuge
in a friend's apartment after the attack. "No one wants to rent to me. No
one wants to be my neighbor."

With rebels, paramilitaries and the army all fighting for power in
Colombia's remote towns and villages, Hernandez and other mayors have found
themselves in the line of fire.

In the past three years, 29 mayors have been assassinated, mainly by
rebels. Hundreds of town council members have also been killed, kidnapped
or threatened, and many have been forced to resign. In the run-up to
nationwide municipal elections last October, nearly 40 candidates were shot

"To be a mayor here, you have to really love your community," said Gilberto
Toro, executive director of the Colombian Federation of Municipalities.

Hernandez, 40, says he took the mayoral job with hopes of ending the
violence and bringing jobs to Puerto Asis.

But he acts more like a desperate fugitive than a city hall power broker.
During a recent interview, he wiped the sweat from his face and kept an eye
on the street in front of his friend's apartment in case any strangers came

He spends half of his $1,500 monthly salary on bodyguards. To fool would-be
assassins, he rents a variety of cars and pickups and constantly sends his
driver on decoy trips.

"I never go to social events," he said. "The bodyguards scare people."

For all his determination, Hernandez lacks a real mandate to carry on his
mayoral duties. Due to guerrilla threats, nearly all of Puerto Asis' 17,000
eligible voters stayed home during last October's election. Hernandez won
with 102 votes. The loser received 55.

"It was horrible," Hernandez said of the election. "The guerrillas were
everywhere. People who voted risked their lives."

Hernandez first learned about political struggle as a university student in
Poland. He earned a scholarship to study oceanography in the Baltic port
city of Gdansk -- the birthplace of the Solidarity labor union, which led
the protests against Poland's Communist government in the 1980s.

With a degree and a Polish wife, Hernandez returned to Colombia in 1987.
But the only jobs in oceanography were in the navy, which rejected
Hernandez because he had studied in the former Eastern bloc. Even today,
people call him "the Pole."

To make ends meet, Hernandez sold fertilizer and pesticides in Puerto Asis,
335 miles southwest of the capital of Bogota in the impoverished state of
Putumayo. The region's main cash crop is coca, the raw material for

Hernandez advised farmers how to use the chemicals to grow more coca
leaves. "If I sold the product, I had to prove to them that it worked," he

Later, when Hernandez turned to politics, he developed a more critical view
of the drug trade. "None of the profits stay here in the region. What stays
are the problems," he said.

Puerto Asis' reputation as a regional cocaine center attracted the
country's largest guerrilla organization -- the Revolutionary Armed Forces
of Colombia, known by its Spanish initials, FARC. The rebels have financed
their 34-year war against the state, in part, by taxing coca farmers and
providing protection to drug dealers.

The FARC and the smaller National Liberation Army, or ELN, are a dominating
power in about 200 of Colombia's 1,074 municipalities, according to Camilo
Echandia, an adviser to the Colombian government's peace commission. In
these zones, the guerrillas often dictate how city revenues should be
spent; they decide who will be hired for municipal jobs.

In Puerto Asis, local politics became even more complex with the arrival of
the paramilitaries, who are trying to dislodge the rebels. In January and
February, paramilitaries killed 38 suspected guerrilla supporters.

"They had a list of people and just began killing," said Diego Orozco, the
local director of a government program that funds alternative crop projects
for coca growers.

With the body count rising, Hernandez traveled to Bogota to denounce the
killings before the interior minister and the national media. Citing
eyewitness accounts from Puerto Asis residents, Hernandez accused the army
of providing helicopter support for the paramilitaries.

Top army commanders sued Hernandez for slander. But the eyewitnesses, many
of whom feared for their lives, would not agree to testify in court.
Hernandez was forced to publicly retract his statements.

Back in Puerto Asis, someone tossed two grenades at Hernandez's house,
seriously injuring a night watchman.

Some observers suspect that Hernandez agreed to speak out against the
paramilitaries when he was in guerrilla custody. But Hernandez denies that
he cut any deals.

He insists that his survival strategy involves denouncing human rights
abuses on all sides and focusing national and international attention on
his predicament.

"If they kill me, it would have a huge political cost," he says. "That is
my own security."

John Otis is a free-lance journalist based in Bogota.

Prisoners Sew Lips Shut To Protest Ecuador's Justice System
('The Associated Press' Says A 51-Year-Old Woman
Arrested For Drug Trafficking Became The 16th Prisoner In The Last
Two Weeks To Sew Her Lips Shut At Ecuador's Guayaquil Prison)

From: "W.H.E.N. - Bob Owen" (when@olywa.net)
To: "-News" (when@hemp.net)
Subject: Prisoners sew lips shut to protest Ecuador's justice system
Date: Thu, 27 Aug 1998 19:05:45 -0700
Sender: owner-when@hemp.net

Prisoners sew lips shut to protest Ecuador's justice system

Associated Press, 08/26/98 23:34

GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador (AP) - Without a sound, Fanny Mejia let a fellow inmate
in an Ecuadorean prison sew her lips shut with a needle and thread Wednesday
to protest the nation's judicial system.

A few dots of blood emerged from her lips, which had been splashed with
disinfectant but not anaesthetized. Television cameras filmed the event in
Guayaquil's prison, but no doctors were present.

Mejia, a 51-year-old Colombian woman arrested for drug trafficking, became
the 16th prisoner in the last two weeks to sew her lips shut. The 10 men and
six women are protesting what they say is the slow pace and unfairness of
justice in Ecuador.

Some 50 prisoners are on a hunger strike in Quito and Guayaquil, Ecuador's
largest cities. They say they have spent more than a year in prison awaiting
trial, and under Ecuadorean law they should be freed.

Ecuador implemented constitutional reforms on Aug. 10. One change is that
the courts have one year after a person's arrest to start a trial. After
that, the prisoner must be released.

More than half the inmates in Ecuador's prisons - about 5,600 of 9,500 -
have served more than a year without being tried.

Ecuador's courts are reviewing cases to decide who should go free, but only
five inmates have been released so far.

Human rights groups have long protested that Ecuador's justice system is too
slow and that its prisons are badly overcrowded.

Ecstasy Users Get Mixed Message ('The West Australian'
Says The National Drug And Alcohol Research Centre Will Soon Release
New Safety Guidelines On How Much Fluid Intake Should Accompany Ecstasy Use)

Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 15:39:35 -0700
From: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org (MAPNews)
To: mapnews@mapinc.org
Subject: MN: Australia: Ecstasy Users Get Mixed Message
Sender: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Reply-To: owner-mapnews@mapinc.org
Organization: Media Awareness Project http://www.mapinc.org/lists/
Newshawk: kwr01@uow.edu.au (Ken Russell)
Source: The West Australian
Contact: FAX: +61 8 94823830
Pubdate: Wed, 26 Aug 1998
Author: Wendy Pryer


ECSTASY users will get new guidelines on how much they should drink to ward
off deadly consequences of taking the drug because health experts are
concerned they are getting mixed messages.

A British study published in the Australian Doctor magazine this month warns
ecstasy users not to drink too much while on the drug because it can result
in low blood-sodium levels.

That condition, known as hypnotraemia, can cause the brain to swell.

But National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre researcher Paul Dillon
confirmed yesterday that a survey of ecstasy users conducted by the New
South Wales centre last year showed users had received mixed messages about
fluid intake and were now ignoring advice.

Previously, the advice had been that ecstasy users, who often danced for
hours and sweated a lot, should drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration,
but it was now known too many fluids were also dangerous.

The centre will soon release new safety guidelines on ecstasy use.

Mr Dillon said because people using ecstasy lost track of time, the advice
would be to sip, not gulp, water after every 12 dance tracks, which took
about an hour.

It would also warn people to drink water and not drink iso-tonic or sports
drinks, which could cause a dangerous jump in blood pressure. Alcohol was
also out.

Mr Dillon said he was concerned that many users of ecstasy believed the drug
was harmless.

Royal Perth Hospital emergency department consultant Tom Hitchcock said some
ecstasy users who came to the hospital were either dehydrated, overhydrated
or suffering from hyperthermia, which was when the body overheated.

"If they take ecstasy and don't drink water they don't sweat, lose control
of their temperature and can suffer severe harm from muscle meltdown," Dr
Hitchcock said.

The hospital treated ecstasy users on most Thursday, Friday and Saturday
nights though the drug was rarely taken in isolation. Many of the problems
were caused by a mixture of alcohol and ecstasy.

DrugSense Weekly, Number 61 (A Weekly Summary Of Drug Policy News
From The Media Awareness Project)

Date: Wed, 26 Aug 1998 12:57:50 -0700
To: mgreer@mapinc.org
From: Mark Greer (MGreer@mapinc.org)
Subject: DrugSense Weekly, August 26, 1998 No. 61



In about 10 minutes a week you can stay aware and informed on drug policy
developments worldwide.

Consider investing another 10 minutes to write a letter to the editor
using the email addresses provided in this publication.

You CAN make a difference!


DrugSense Weekly, August 26, 1998, No. 61
A DrugSense publication




* Feature Article

Public Rallies Can Be A Positive Event for Reform
by Kevin B. Zeese

* Weekly News In Review


	U.S. Government Survey Shows Youth Drug Use On Rise

	Teens, Armed and Dangerous

	Junky Genes

	Editorial - The Mayor's Crusade Against Methadone


	OPED - Asset Forfeiture Practices Are Poisoning the Body Politic

	Canada - Halifax Should Profit From Busts

Medical Marijuana-

	Marijuana Initiatives Bloom Around West

	Opinion - Prop. 215 On Trial in the McWilliams Case

	Gravely Ill Cancer Patient Prosecuted For Growing Pot

	One Last Gasp: Oakland Tries A New Medicinal Marijuana Strategy

Recreational Marijuana-

	$13 Million Of Pot Seized In Shasta County

	Pot Bust Worth At Least $20 Million


	Pine Ridge Eyeing Hemp As Cash Crop

	OPED - Clearing The Air About Hemp

International News-

	Drug Eradication Program Fails

	U.S. officials Deny Direct Colombia Aid

	In Colombia, Plan To Replace Coca Is Scorned

	Australia - OPED: Drug Clinics Might Be 'Necessary Evil'

	Australia - Huge Police Drugs Raid Took Months Of Planning

* Hot Off The 'Net

	Mike Gray's Letter in the Wall Street Journal

* DrugSense Tip Of The Week

	What You Can Do

* Quote of the Week

	President Jimmy Carter

* Fact of the Week

	Methadone Cost Effective



Public Rallies Can Be A Positive Event for Reform

by Kevin B. Zeese, President, Common Sense for Drug Policy

Along with several other reform activists I participated in the Seattle
hempfest last weekend. It gave me confidence that these events can be
successful political events that put out the right public image for the
reform movement. This is a change in view for me as in the past many of
these events resulted in images of public adolescent drug use and
spokespersons shouting epithets that scared the public.

I understand from the organizers of the event that this year's event
was more politically focused -- with more speakers balancing the music.
The news reports from the event did not show the classic "kid smoking
pot" images instead they showed a healthy looking crowd acting
responsibly. The message from the news reports was a political one with
virtually no focus on public marijuana use.

In signs at the entrance to the event the organizers made it clear that
the festival was not a "drug war free zone" and that laws against
controlled substances could be enforced by the Seattle police. (Last
year there was aggressive enforcement. This year the police presence
was minimal -- about the level you would expect for any event with
40,000 people attending.) There was very little marijuana smoke in the
air. I was constantly in the crowd or behind stage and only smelled
smoke 3-4 times throughout the day. From the stage Vivian McPeak, the
organizer of the event said: "if you came to buy or sell pot or other
drugs please go home, you're in the wrong place." He combined this with a
message that the purpose of the gathering was the need for reform and
it was well received.

The crowd was also interested in the political message. When Nora
Callahan and I spoke from the second stage (the organizers set up the
Ralph Seeley Memorial Stage as well as the main stage. The Seeley stage
was a smaller one and was a mix of music and politics) the crowd had
walked away when the last act ended and before we were introduced. As
Nora and I got talking the crowd began to come back and by the time our
half hour was up we had a pretty full crowd in front of us. They were
drawn into the political discussion.

Another measure of interest in politics was the reaction of people to
the Common Sense for Drug Policy newspaper. This was the first
distribution of the paper so it was an experiment to see the public
reaction. We (thanks to Nora Callahan of the November Coalition) had a
crew of about ten people working in shifts throughout the day giving
out the newspaper. We gave out about 15,000 copies. A search of the
grounds afterward and the trash bins found that very few were left
behind. People took them readily and kept them.

When others organize public events I hope they will learn from this
experience. Don't be afraid to emphasize the politics of the drug war
and don't be afraid to urge people not to publicly use illegal drugs.
People attending need to realize that stopping the drug war and
stopping the destruction of lives that goes with the drug war is more
important that publicly consuming marijuana. They need to realize the
way they act in public will be monitored by our opposition and shown to
the public by the media. These events can be successful ones for the
achievement of our political goals if organizers work to make them
political events with a carefully crafted message of calling for an end
to the drug war.

Kevin B. Zeese
Common Sense for Drug Policy
3619 Tallwood Terrace
Falls Church, VA 22041
703-354-5694 (phone)
703-354-5695 (fax)




After completing my first several weekly surveys of the drug news for
this newsletter, the overwhelming impression I was left with is that
the futility and destructiveness of current policy is already being
eloquently documented by our media, week in and week out. All that's
needed to gain that insight is to lay aside the false prism of the
"evil drug" paradigm through which our news is expected to be viewed,
and indeed- has usually been written.

Articles are selected from the week's news; clusters of related
stories are commented on, retaining headlines, links to sources, and a
short excerpt which (hopefully) justify each COMMENT. The hope is
two-fold: readers will be kept abreast of trends in the struggle
between reform and prohibition and may also gain some fresh insights
into the intellectual shortcomings and excesses of prohibition as





The major policy news last week was probably the admission that teen
drug use was up yet again. Notice how the bare-bones wire story
invoked the usual cliches about marijuana, and rather than failure,
drug warriors saw the numbers as justification for their new
strategies. Reform was given no ink; the only quibble with official
interpretation was from a hawk who worried if the budget would be big

Another youth survey confirmed that American teens stubbornly engage
in the same kinds of risky behavior as their parents and grandparents
did; the major difference is environmental: thanks to prohibition, the
products of the illegal drug market are far more potent and easily
available to today's kids than they were to us.

Probably no scientific finding could more certainly indict current
drug policy as both irrational and inhumane than conclusive evidence
that liability to addiction is genetically mediated. Another bit of
evidence in that direction was announced last week.

One more indictment of policy- at least for those of us with a sense
of irony- is the mayor's continued war on methadone. His federal
critics, McCaffrey included, could never be expected to understand
that in using his private moral conviction to overrule medical
principle, Giuliani is simply imitating our national policy.



WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Drug abuse among America's children is increasing,
fueled by a continued rise in marijuana use, according to a government
survey released Friday.


"We have a serious marijuana problem among our young people,'' said Health
and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala. ``This survey shows that our
work in combating drug use must be focused on our young people."


Shalala said the Clinton Administration would continue its push for
adequate funding to prevent drug abuse in the nation. Last month, the
president launched a five-year, $2 billion media campaign, including
television ads designed to encourage parent-child discussions.

U.S. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey said the initial response from that
effort has been overwhelming. "Phone calls from parents and children
seeking information and help from national and local hot lines have
increased 121 percent," McCaffrey said.


Source: Reuters
Pubdate: 21 Aug 1998
Author: Joanne Morrison
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n714.a12.html



Blacks and Hispanics Found More Likely to Fight

ATLANTA--Black and Hispanic high school students are more likely than
their white counterparts to be a threat to others by carrying weapons
or fighting, while whites are more likely to hurt themselves by driving
after drinking alcohol, a government study found.

The similarities among teenagers were equally stark: About one in three
is involved in fights. Almost one of every five carries a weapon or
drives after drinking. Almost one in 10 attempts suicide.


"The lesson here is that too many youths continue to practice behaviors
that put them at risk--for injury or death now and chronic disease
later,'' said Laura Kann, a chief researcher for the National Center
for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.


Source: International Herald Tribune
Contact: iht@iht.com
Website: http://www.iht.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 15 Aug 1998
Author: The Associated Press
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n7106.a07.html



SLIGHT genetic variations may make the difference between a person
being unlikely to abuse heroin and being predisposed to it. Now
researchers in Cincinnati are discovering how small changes in a gene
could influence people's tendency to abuse opiates.


Pubdate: Sat. 15 Aug 1998
Source: New Scientist (U.K.)
Contact: letters@newscientist.com
Website: http://www.newscientist.com/
Author: Nell Boyce
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n706.a04.html



Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's drive against methadone maintenance programs
for heroin addicts ignores the most authoritative medical advice and
could lead to more suffering among those struggling to control their


Mayor Giuliani considers abstinence the more morally acceptable
approach to curing addiction.

He argues that methadone should be used, if at all, for no more than a
few months, and then only as part of an abstinence program.


Source: New York Times
Contact: letters@nytimes.com
Website: http://www.nytimes.com/
Pubdate: Tue, 18 Aug 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n712.a10.html





One of the more distressing evils of drug prohibition policy has been
increasing use of extortion by police agencies under the rubric of
"asset forfeiture." There is shockingly little recognition that when
the owner of the seized property is "guilty" forfeiture is a device
which gives public servants direct access to the tax-free profits of a
criminal enterprise; when the owner is "innocent," it's risk-free
stealing by the police. Molly Ivins' ringing denunciation of
forfeiture appeared in many dailies around the nation and was long

That a license to steal is attractive to all governments (especially
those having to pay for a drug war), is evident from the next article-
even our normally conservative and sensible Canadian neighbors are
being seduced by it.



AUSTIN - And in other news . . . The War on Drugs is ripping up the
Constitution, endangering American liberty and encouraging law
enforcement officers to act like bandits. The unpleasant ramifications
of the War on Drugs are too numerous for one column, but the area of
asset forfeiture deserves special consideration.


Source: Austin Star-Telegram
Contact: letters@star-telegram.com
Author: Molly Ivins
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n713.a05.html



Province Urged To Share Proceeds-of-crime Account With
Municipalities To Help Fund Policing

If crime pays, Halifax Regional Municipality should get a share, says
Albro Lake Councillor Clint Schofield.

Schofield, a member of the city's police commission, said he wants the
province to share its proceeds-of-crime account with municipalities,
because they pay for law enforcement.


Source: Halifax Daily News
Contact: letterstoeditor@hfxnews.southam.ca
Website: http://www.hfxnews.southam.ca/
Pubdate: Tuesday, August 18, 1998
Author: Brian Flinn - The Daily News
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n707.a11.html


Medical Marijuana



Medical marijuana is an issue which exposes the inhumanity and
hypocrisy of doctrinaire prohibition, yet marijuana prohibition is
deemed essential to maintaining the huge enforcement edifice which has
grown up around policy, thus it can't be relaxed. Even though feds and
state narcs have vitiated 215 in California, several new initiatives
will be voted on in other states in November.

Buckley's column in the OC Register was long overdue notice from the
local press of McWilliams' savage treatment at federal hands; it
coincided with his release on bail, 4 weeks older and 19 pounds
lighter. Buckley also gave us a thoughtful evaluation of the ultimate
Constitutional significance of the case.

Meanwhile, the felony prosecution of a dying cancer patient in San
Bernadino County is the latest obscenity; perhaps they are running out
of distributors to prosecute and are now about to concentrate
exclusively on patients.

Another obscenity is the editorial smugness of the Sacramento Bee in
sneering at Oakland's attempt to find a strategy to counter federal
frustration of 215. Despite the Bee's uninformed conjecture, the feds
might have trouble circumventing their own law.



When Washington voters decide in November whether to legalize the use
of marijuana for relief of cancer and other debilitating illnesses,
they won't be alone.

Voters in Oregon, Alaska, Nevada and, potentially, Colorado will cast
ballots on nearly identical measures.


Source: Seattle Times (WA)
Contact: opinion@seatimes.com
Website: http://www.seattletimes.com/
Pubdate: 20 Aug 98
Author: David Schaefer Seattle Times staff reporter
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n712.a08.html



The general mess created by our drug laws has reached a tropical low in
Los Angeles, where the storm center gathers over the head of Peter
McWilliams. Here is the political background:


It will be a very interesting trial, and it is likely that many
institutions will weigh in with amici curiae pleading their own
judgments of law, conflicts, drugs and liberty. Meanwhile, one hopes
that Peter McWilliams, something if a bird of paradise, is left alone
to take proper care of himself.


Pubdate: 8-16-98
Source: Orange County Register (CA)
Contact: letters@link.freedom.com
Website: http://www.ocregister.com/
Author: William F.Buckley Jr
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n706.a01.html



RANCHO CUCAMONGA, Calif. - A cancer patient who may have only six
months to live faces charges of growing marijuana. He and his doctor
say his use was strictly medicinal.

Timothy Weltz, 38, whose cancer is attacking his lymphatic system, is
scheduled to face felony charges Tuesday in San Bernardino County
Superior Court.


Pubdate: Sun, 23 Aug 1998
Source: Arizona Daily Star
Contact: letters@azstarnet.com
Website: http://www.azstarnet.com/
Author: Riverside Press-Enterprise
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n720.a09.html



Proposition 215, the seriously flawed medicinal marijuana initiative
approved by voters in 1996, is down to one last legal thread in
Oakland. The initiative attempted to amend state law to let seriously
ill patients smoke marijuana and their "primary caregivers" furnish
them with the otherwise illegal substance.

But courts have ruled, and rightly so, that dispensaries known as
buyers' clubs don't qualify as caregivers and therefore can't provide
the pot.


Source: Sacramento Bee (CA)
Contact: http://www.sacbee.com/about_us/sacbeemail.html
Website: http://www.sacbee.com/
Pubdate: Sun, 23 Aug 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n719.a03.html


Recreational Marijuana



As if to emphasize that it's really all about money, two huge pot
busts were announced last week in rural California counties.


WHITMORE, Calif. (AP) - Authorities seized 5,000 marijuana plants
valued at $13 million and arrested three men in the largest bust of the
year in Shasta County.


Source: Sacramento Bee (CA)
Website: http://www.sacbee.com/
Pubdate: 21 Aug 1998
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n715.a04.html



SAN ANDREAS - Calaveras County and state narcotics forces swooped down
on a veritable Mother Lode of marijuana Friday, chopping and pulling
more than 10,000 plants from a Sierra hillside plantation about three
miles outside of San Andreas.


Source: Modesto Bee (CA)
Contact: http://www.modbee.com/man/help/contact.html
Website: http://www.modbee.com/
Pubdate: Sat, 22 Aug 1998
Author: Ron DeLacy, Bee staff writer
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n716.a01.html





For sheer witlessness, it's difficult to top the federal ban on hemp
agriculture, yet DEA lobbyists annually sally forth (at taxpayer
expense) to convince legislators in rural states that not only is
growing hemp bad agriculture, it's bad economics as well.
Nevertheless, pressure to legalize hemp is building and should
eventually prove irresistible.



Some Reservation Officials Are Eager To Produce Commercial Products From
Plant Related To Marijuana.

PINE RIDGE - Some members of the Ogalala Sioux Tribe are moving forward
with plans to cultivate hemp, even if they have to take the Drug
Enforcement Administration to federal court.

Hemp has grown in the wild for decades on the Pine Ridge Indian
Reservation, despite the DEA's repeated attempts - spraying and dousing
with chemicals, setting fields on fire - to wipe it out. Growing hemp,
which is a cousin to marijuana, is illegal.


Pubdate: August 14, 1998
Source: The Rapid City Journal (SD)
Mail: 507 Main Street, Rapid City, SD 57701
Fax: (605) 394-8462
Author: Associated Press Writer Angela K. Brown
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n6499.a07.html



I was quite surprised to read the July 15 Marketplace piece, "This Hemp
Beer Is Legal, But Its Ads Hint Otherwise."

The article states, "Stalks of the hemp plant are used in rope; its
leaves and flowers produce marijuana." This is simply not true.


Recently, several Kentucky farmers filed a suit in federal court,
challenging the U.S. government's current ban on growing hemp.
Ironically, U.S. farmers can grow an addictive drug crop, tobacco,
while growing hemp (a non drug crop) is banned due to a flawed federal
policy. American farmers and manufacturers are thus hamstrung, while
our foreign counterparts profit by supplying hemp to a growing
marketplace. In the long run, market forces-not outdated policies-will


Source: Wall Street Journal
Contact: letter.editor@edit.wsj.com
Website: http://www.wsj.com/
Pubdate: Mon, 17 Aug 1998
Author: Erwin A. Sholts, Chrmn - North American Industrial Hemp Council Inc.
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n706.a08.html


International News



Colombia remains a major thorn in the administration's side; coca
production has actually increased despite eradication efforts, and the
Colombian army is overmatched against FARC guerrillas. That the
solidly pro drug war Dallas morning News is embarrassing our
government by reporting details of clandestine American involvement is
at least ironic.

The lack of enthusiasm for crop substitution isn't new. The fact is
that the Government can't afford subsidies that would rival income
from coca and they aren't a presence in the areas where growers are

In Australia, a steady increase in heroin overdoses has not only
rekindled demand For heroin maintenance trials, it has generated
demand for injection rooms. While we are used to thinking about
Australia as having a heroin problem, the big raid on a
methamphetamine ring is a new wrinkle.



BOGOTA - The aerial crop-spraying program favored by the United States to
reduce Colombian cocaine and heroin production has failed, the new
environment minister said in an interview published Sunday.

"The cultivated areas have increased, which demonstrates that fumigation
hasn't worked," Juan Mayr, a renowned conservationist, was quoted by
Bogota's El Tiempo newspaper as saying.


Source: Associated Press
Pubdate: Sun, 16 Aug 1998
Author: Jared Kotler
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n712.a01.html



BOGOTA - The U.S. State and Defense departments said Thursday that they
do not provide direct support for counterinsurgency operations in
Colombia and that neither employs mercenaries here.

Their remarks followed a Dallas Morning News report Wednesday that
discussed the damage done by repeated Colombian guerrilla offensives to
government anti-drug efforts. The report, based on interviews with
intelligence and anti-drug operatives in Colombia, said the Clinton
administration had launched a multimillion-dollar covert program to
help bolster the Colombian armed forces after a series of devastating
defeats by the guerrillas.


Source: Dallas Morning News
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com
Author: Tod Robberson
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n718.a07.html



SAN JOSE DEL GUAVIARE, Colombia - The optimism of a fresh start. The
sweet talk of reconciliation. The promise of a respectable way to make
a living instead of growing coca. Dagoberto P. has heard it all before.
And this year, he is not buying.

Dagoberto, who owns some 40 hectares planted with coca, remembered
earlier proposals that went by the names of "alternative development"
and "crop substitution" that never materialized.


Source: Dallas Morning News
Contact: letterstoeditor@dallasnews.com
Website: http://www.dallasnews.com
Author: Tod Robberson
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n718.a07.html



Government run clinics for injecting heroin users have been placed
squarely on Canberra's agenda. Some will deplore it and, others will
praise it. But a growing number of people from across the health,
law-enforcement and welfare sectors see it as a necessary evil.


Source: Canberra Times (Australia)
Contact: letters.editor@canberratimes.com.au
Website: http://www.canberratimes.com.au/
Pubdate: Sun, 16 Aug 1998
Author: Peter Clack
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n701.a04.html



A massive police operation early yesterday against a sophisticated
amphetamine manufacturing ring was one of the largest police efforts in
years and the culmination of months of investigation.

More than 200 Victoria Police were involved in the operation, in which
officers raided properties in three states. In Victoria, 32 houses and
one business were raided as part of Operation Orbost, resulting in the
seizure of large amounts of drugs, cash, firearms and stolen property.


Source: Age, The (Australia)
Contact: letters@theage.fairfax.com.au
Website: http://www.theage.com.au/
Pubdate: Thu, 20 Aug 1998
Author: Brett Foley
URL: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n718.a01.html




MIKE GRAY Author of Drug Crazy had the following letter published in
today's Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal Circ: 2 Million!
Ad value about $12,000

Newshawk: Mark Greer
Source: Wall Street Journal
Pubdate: August 26, 1998
Contact: letter.editor@edit.wsj.com
Website: http://www.wsj.com/
Related: http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v98.n651.a11.html

A Sane Look at 'Drug Crazy'

Dr. Salley Satel's critique of my book "Drug Crazy" (Leisure & Arts,
Aug. 5) began with the mistaken premise that our antidrug laws were
enacted in response to "a great wave of addiction in the U.S." at the
turn of the century. It's not surprising that she's misinformed on this
point since this is the conventional wisdom, but it turns out that's
not the case. If Dr. Satel would consult her Yale colleague David
Musto, the leading historian of that era, she would discover, as I did,
that the national scourge of addiction is a totally self-inflicted

In 1900 there was no significant drug problem in the U.S. The typical
addict was a middle-aged Southern white woman strung out on an
opium-alcohol mix called laudanum, and the total number of addicts was
probably less than a few tenths of 1% of the population. Says Mr.
Musto, "There was a peak in addiction around 1900 and in the teens of
this century this number began to decrease and reached a relatively
small number (about 100,000) in the 1920s."

In truth, both drugs and alcohol were in public disfavor at the turn of
the century because the temperance movement had been so successful. But
once moral suasion was replaced with police power, we were rewarded
with an instant black market, the birth of organized crime, rampant
corruption, and violence on a scale unimagined.

After a decade of this, people got fed up with the gunplay, and alcohol
prohibition sank of its own weight in 1933. Drug prohibition should
have ended at the same time for the same reason, but there simply
weren't enough drug users to form a political constituency. Instead,
they became convenient scapegoats for any passing office seeker who
needed to prove he was tough on crime.

Addicts will continue to serve this function until we, too, tire of the
gunplay, the spread of organized crime, the mushrooming prison
population, the rampant corruption, and the steady erosion of the

Mike Gray
Los Angeles




Help and volunteerism is what we're about. If you have the abilities
and/or desire we need help in the following categories:

1) Letter writers. Read the DrugSense weekly and select an article that
motivates you then write a letter using the email address usually
provided with the article. Alternately write a letter of response to
our weekly FOCUS Alert Subscribe to this by visiting

2) NewsHawks. Find news articles on drug policy issues and either scan
or copy them and forward them to editor@mapinc.org This can be done by
monitoring any of hundreds of on-line newspapers or by scanning
articles from you local paper. See: http://www.mapinc.org/hawk.htm

3) Recruiters. Visit newsgroups, email chat lists, and other sources
for large groups of reform minded people and encourage them to visit
our web pages, subscribe to our DrugSense Weekly newsletter and get

4) Fundraise. We are always short of funding either contribute or try
to find others to do so.

5) Start a local reform group in your state or country. If you have 20
people who will help do the above types of activities we will provide a
free email list to coordinate your groups activities and provide
guidance to get you started.



`Penalties against possession of a drug should not be more damaging to
an individual than the use of the drug itself'
- President Jimmy Carter



Methadone is cost effective. Methadone costs about $4,000 per year, while
incarceration costs about $20,200 to $23,500 per year.

Sources: Institute of Medicine, Treating Drug Problems, Vol. 1, pp. 151-52.
Washington D.C.: National Academy Press (1990); Rosenbaum, M., Washburn,
A., Knight, K., Kelley, M., & Irwin, J., "Treatment as Harm Reduction,
Defunding as Harm Maximization: The Case of Methadone Maintenance," Journal
of Psychoactive Drugs, 28: 241-249 (1996); Criminal Justice Institute,
Inc., The Corrections Yearbook 1997, South Salem, NY: Criminal Justice
Institute, Inc. (1997) [estimating cost of a day in jail on average to be
$55.41 a day, or $20,237 a year, and the cost of prison to be on average to
be about $64.49 a day, or $23,554 a year].


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